Running Head: LEADERSHIP LOGIC ASSESSMENT PROJECT

Rolando Torres Florida State University Leadership LOGIC Assessment Project Fall & Spring 2012-2013

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Purpose  To gain an understanding of the demographics of the students who attend the leadership LOGIC program  Synthesize some of the major themes and sub-themes that students pulled from their experience at LOGIC   Determine the effectiveness of the facilitators and how they could improve for next year Draw conclusions on the effectiveness of our marketing strategies and provide recommendations for next year’s marketing team Background  About o Leadership LOGIC is a two-day overnight leadership development program through the Center for Leadership and Social Change and the FSU Reservation and is of no cost to students. All FSU students interested in opportunities to acquire, practice, reflect, and apply your personal and individual knowledge, skills, and values are encouraged to attend. The overnight leadership development program is held at FSU’s reservation, where the group will spend most of the weekend outside engaging in hands-on exercises that apply leadership theories.  History o LOGIC began in 2005 as Lead-ins at the Rez to teach students about the social change model of leadership. It was formed as a collaborative partnership between the Center for Leadership and Social Change and FSU’s Reservation. Lead-ins at the Rez eventually evolved into the Leadership LOGIC program.

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  Mission o Working together, the Center for Leadership and Social Change and the FSU Rez, Florida State students will learn leadership knowledge, skills, and values that will enable and empower them to make a difference in our academic, professional, and civic community. Learning Outcomes  Individuals o Self-Awareness: character development and personal integrity; clarifying individual values, personality, leadership and learning styles o Critical Thinking: critiquing, analyzing, problem solving, and thinking with complexity, depth and creativity; reflectively applying theory to practice o Communication: written, verbal and non-verbal communication; including listening, reading, editing, presenting, and media relation skills o Discipline Knowledge: knowledge of a scholarly/creative discipline; ability

to apply core competencies, research and theory to professional practice o Visioning/Goal Setting: challenging the process to create a visionary picture of the future; setting stretch and smart goals to reach that vision  Partnerships o Relationship Building: developing trust, respect, and empathy; encouraging the heart and modeling the way for others; creating and expecting accountability o Diversity: understanding and recognition of multiple layers of identity including but not limited to: race, gender, religion, ability, socioeconomic class, and sexual

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orientation; a multicultural approach to appreciate, encourage, and develop diverse voices, values, and perspectives o Influence and Power: understanding different types of power, authority, influence, and oppression; taking leadership initiative to empower others o Ethics: understanding and application of philosophical and ethical theory; congruency and accountability through shared ethical codes  Groups o Group Dynamics: building, motivating and sustaining a team; emergence of

leadership and followership within a group; inspiring a shared vision o Organization Development: organization, leadership and change theory and application; knowing and using organization and management skills o Conflict Management: ability to resolve conflict; initiate and manage healthy confrontation and controversy; ability to provide effective feedback o Decision Making/Negotiation: ability to clarify a position, frame a persuasive argument, select appropriate decision making model, and take action; research, develop and voice evidence for personal perspective  Community o Systems Thinking – recognizing and analyzing the complex interaction of structural, technical, political, and personal issues; ability to see and understand big picture; integrating multiple levels of perspective within diverse contexts and situations

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o Social Change- understanding and responding to historical, political, economic and social justice issues; inclusive dialogue and coalition building to initiate change within the community and broader society/world o Civic Engagement- servant leadership, a commitment to making and sustaining a meaningful difference for the common good; engaged citizenship o Generative Leadership-mentoring, teaching and developing leadership within others; understanding and applying leadership development theory o Global Awareness-recognition and respect for our interdependence with other cultures, nations and ways of life Methods & Sample The data and information collected below was acquired through the use of satisfaction assessment that was handed out at the end of a LOGIC session for the students to fill out. The assessment was created in order to gauge the level of learning and what students gained from each of the LOGIC sessions. The assessment consisted of 6 questions. A collection of the questions asked to the students can be found in Appendix A. Below is a collection of data that is representative of all 77 participants of this year’s 2012-2013 LOGIC programs. Demographics include the break down between male and females, ethnicity, year at Florida State University, prior involvement with Center programs, majors, and major marketing tools that attracted them. Representative demographic data shown in the graphs below.

Running Head: LEADERSHIP LOGIC ASSESSMENT PROJECT  Total Participants (2012-2013): 77

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Gender
Males 23% Females 77%

Ethnicity
Unidentified

Bengali (Bangladesh)
Arab Eastern Europe Asians African American Hispanics Caucasians 0 5 10 15 20 25 30

Year
First years Second Years Third Years Fourth years Graduate

10% 17% 32%

21%

20%

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Major
Electrical Engineering Nutrition Math Education Policy and Evaluation Hospitality Risk Management Education Policy and Evaluation Sociology Public Health Elementary Education Nursing Exercise Science Environmental Science Criminology Chemistry Graphic Design and Information Technology Exploratory Marketing Business Management Dietetics Family and Child Sciences English Biology Communication Psychology Political Science and International Affairs 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14

ListServe 9%

Marketing
Print (flyers, etc.) 29%

Website 19%

Socal Media (Facebook, twitter, etc) 21%

Other (Family, friends, Advisors, etc) 22%

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Prior Center Involvement
60 50 40 30 20 10 0

Yes

No

*Involved programs Include: Jumpstart, PeaceJam, SJLLC, Project love, Leadershape, Outdoor Pursuits, With Words, Inter-Residence Hall Council Results Leadership Application All participants were asked to identify which activity they gained the most from and why. This question was asked to determine which activities were the most effective and what learning did the participants derive from the activities. Table 1 below represents the major activities and sub-activities. Table 1.2 represents major themes and sub-themes gained from the activities.
Themes and Subthemes Challenge Course General Challenge Course Comments Moby Deck Seminole Walk Tee Pee Shuffle Islands Pipeline Nitrous Crossing Key Punch Trust Activities Bonfire Fears Sherpa Walk (Blind walk) Number of Responses 34 14 5 5 3 2 2 2 1 11 5 4

Running Head: LEADERSHIP LOGIC ASSESSMENT PROJECT Win as much as you can 2 Values Activities 10 Social Change Model Activity 6 Values activity (leadership cornerstone) 3 Leadership Learning Plans 1 Diversity Activities 8 Tear Down the wall 3 Attaching a Story 2 Stand up sit down 2 Global Café 1 Did Not Answer 14 Table 1: What activity did you gain the most from? Why? Representative comments of major

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activities include the following: Challenge Course  Its incredible how well a group of pretty much strangers worked together to complete them. I loved my team because we put everything aside and remained focused on out purposes and actions.   They were a hands-on way to experience and demonstrate our individual leadership. I could experience directly how to collaborate with team members to achieve common goals   … It helped to listen from team members how they apply activities to reality. The Seminole Walk course was the activity that I gained the most from because it allowed me to see that it is okay that I like to watch, listen, and help, more than acting first.  It showed me that people can still be leaders with their support and that people really need support to keep going.   It taught me about my own strengths as well as some very valuable skills. Trusting others, communication, team work and encouragement are essential tools for a group effort to succeed.

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It was the first time in a long time that I was weak in a group. It humbled me and showed me that even leaders still need to be led.

 

We actually strategized at the end. I was able to apply my written definition of leadership.

Trust Activities  Really good because it has a good reminder that vulnerability isn’t a terrible thing and sometimes it’s important to reveal a little more about yourself than you’re initially comfortable with.  Even though we all have different experiences, we do actually have a lot in common as well and we want many of the same things   [Sherpa Walk]…it made me realize how much trust is a vital part of being a leader. Realized that trust has to be put in other even if you’re not sure where something is heading.  It [Win as much as you can] revealed just how much collaboration, cooperation, trust, forethought could have benefitted everyone in the end. Values Activities   The activity helped me to learn and remember again my values. I think that really helped me to move forward staying grounded and remembering what I care about.  …the three circles helped me visualize how three groups interact with one another, as well as how the C’s fit in the circles.  I used to think that leadership just belonged to individual but it gave another thought.

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It was interesting to see how everything fell into this ecosystem to make change happen

Diversity Activities    I was taken aback by what people think in general about specific kind of people. I think it is important to embrace diversity and to discuss these topics head-on. It was also a shock to me of all the stereotypes that go unsaid or are thought to be natural.  Opened my eyes into how we negatively stereotype people without knowing it can be wrong.

Themes and Subthemes Working with Others Leadership as a Process Communication Motivation Group Awareness Comradelier Trust Vulnerability Vision Values clarification Goal Setting Diversity Stereotypes Self-awareness Did Not Answer/No

Number of Responses 29 8 6 6 1 1 18 5 8 3 3 7 2 6 9

Table 1.2: Represents major learning from the activities in table 1.1. Representative comments from major themes included below.

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Collaboration   circles helped me visualize how three groups interact with one another There are so many values I developed or improved during these activities as communication and teamwork  I could experience directly how to collaborate with team members to achieve common goals  I felt proud of myself when I helped others from falling and they recognized my role as a leader who follows and helps.  It showed me that people can still be leaders with their support and that people really need support to keep going.    Being a leader it is important to be aware of your members …encouragement are essential tools for a group effort to succeed. it emphasized the important of teambuilding and completing the assigned task without giving up  Trust   I learned that trusting people (even ones I just met) is an important part of leadership …vulnerability isn’t a terrible thing and sometimes it’s important to reveal a little more about yourself than you’re initially comfortable with.   It taught me many leadership skills at once as trust, integrity and honesty. …because it made me realize how much trust is a vital part of being a leader. The challenge course was very powerful and really brought everyone together.

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Realized that trust has to be put in other even if you’re not sure where something is heading

Vision  I loved my team because we put everything aside and remained focused on our purposes and actions.  I think that really helped me to move forward staying grounded and remembering what I care about  It made me realize that I need to step up my game a bit but it also made me notice how to live with congruence  …you had to work together to create a plan

Diversity   I think it is important to embrace diversity and to discuss these topics head-on. It was also a shock to me of all the stereotypes that go unsaid or are thought to be natural.    It allowed me to see that others are not what I may have thought It also brought unity which individuals shared some things with me. opened my eyes into how we negatively stereotype people without knowing it can be wrong Strengths & Weaknesses  Everyone has different strengths and it’s important to use them and define yourself as a leader.

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It allowed me to see that it is okay that I like to watch, listen, and help, more than acting first.

 

It showed me a lot about myself (competitive nature) and others. It taught me about my own strengths

Personal Leadership Understanding All participants were asked to explain if they had a better understanding of leadership and themselves in relation to leadership. This question was asked to determine the major themes and subthemes that the student felt they gained through the LOGIC program.
Themes and Subthemes Personal Development Self-Awareness Self-Confidence Communication Social Change Model Leadership is a process; not a Position Everyone can Lead 7 C's Group Dynamics Group Roles Personal Leadership Recognition Yes - Incomplete Answer No New Learning Did Not respond Number of Responses 24 16 4 4 21 10 6 3 12 4 6 5 2 7

Table 2: Do you feel you have a better understanding of leadership and yourself in relation to leadership? Please explain. Representative comments from major themes included below.

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Personal Development  I never take the time to really reflect on leadership, this program helped me pick out what I need to work on  I didn’t have many chances to share ideas about leadership before. I can think about real leadership by sharing and listening to other students’ opinions  I know that I am a leader simply because I took the initiative to come here to learn how I can better develop my leadership skills    I understand leadership better in the aspect of trusting and listening to others for input My definition of a leader has expanded from a person who a title to person who inspires Yes I was always afraid to speak out in groups since I’m an international student but doing the weekend I was actually heard which actually made me feel confident Social Change Model   The Social Change Model certainly put things into perspective and structured my life I could think about more deeply about leadership. Especially, it was helpful that we thought about “Who is NOT a leader”    I feel that I don’t necessarily have to be the leader to make a good suggestion or an idea Yes, it’s good to know that I don’t have to be an extrovert to be a leader Just because you aren’t in a position of high status, doesn’t mean you aren’t and can’t be a leader  Learning the 7 C’s really gave me terms to apply to concepts that I already knew and it served to remind me of those ideas and why they’re important

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Group Dynamics  I understand that leadership is a process that requires not only one, but everyone who has a common goal and purpose    I learned that as I lead I’m not the only person responsible for the success of my group Everyone can contribute and they all have different ways of leading By seeing the various dynamics present at this program, it made me realize that everyone is essential and has a part in the leadership activities   The best leaders share their beliefs with their teammates It was visible to me that I do care about others, and I would step in to help whenever is needed. In the challenge I did actions automatically for the group safety Personal Leadership Recognition

Yes, of course. I believe I found the leader inside me (sounds cheesy) because in some situation I came up with strategies as well as others did and became a follower also

I feel I have a better understanding of myself in relationship to leadership. I understand it is okay to be a leader and not be the loudest person. Sometimes a leader can just support the group.

 

I believe I want to be more involved in leadership than on the sideline of life I now am confident in the sense I can call myself a leader when I take charge and build positive outcomes

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Greatest Student Learning All participants were asked to identify what their biggest take away from the weekend was. This question was asked to determine the major learning themes and sub-themes that students gained at LOGIC. Table 3 below represents the major themes and sub-themes
Themes and Subthemes Number of Responses Working in Groups 27 Collaboration 6 Communication 5 Common Goals 4 Trusts 3 Interactions with others 2 Responsibilities 2 Group Diversity 2 Teamwork 1 Inclusion 1 Social Change Model 20 Everyone can lead 8 Leadership is a process; Not a position 8 7 C's 2 Self-awareness 8 Leadership Tools (Challenge tool box) 2 Work/Life Balance 1 Energy 1 Leadership Styles 1 Strengths and Weaknesses 1 Relationships 4 Importance of Reflection 1 No/Did Not respond 17 Table 3: What was the biggest take-away or learning from this weekend? Representative

comments from major themes included below.
*Challenge Tool box is a metaphor used by challenge course facilitators in which learning gained from the ropes is considered a “tool” to be placed in the student’s “tool box” so that they may recall this learning whenever the student thinks of the activity. For example, recalling the Wild Woozy activity might help the student recall the importance of trust as their “tool”

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Working in Groups     …communication among the group makes the challenge easier to realize. Collaborating with each other made me feel part of a group. [We] have faults and all have pride, but we all have hearts I learned that everyone needs support and really a person never accomplishes things on their own as you shouldn’t want to    Learning to trust and support one another when there is a common purpose When people come together for a common goal, anything is possible I now understand the importance of having good communication skills and being open minded to the ideal of others   Together we achieve more Sometime we get wrapped up on being the only one that can do something but there are others in the team who you have to give a chance Social Change Model   A leader is also a follower …that leadership is a process and also that being a leader also requires you to be a follower  Learning that Social Change Model and learning that there are tools and resources to help me with leading   You can lead by following! Sometimes, it is your turn to submit to another’s lead Leadership is a collaborative process and everyone has something important to offer

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The idea that we must focus on individual, group and community dynamics in order to influence change in a positive way is so true!

 

Learning the 7c’s I learned that everyone has the potential to become a leader and make a change in their community

Self-Awareness   The different ways one can be a “real” leaders I need to make more time for some of the values I consider important, such as leisure time.  That I need to watch my energy level. Friday night I was engaged and actively participating, but Saturday I was tired and too laid back   I also learned a lot about my own strengths as an observer The biggest take away I have from this weekend are the tools that a good leader has and ways to be effective leader overall Relationship  The biggest take-away were the relationships created through reflections of obstacle courses. It’s nice to know you are not standing alone   The biggest take away was the friends that I made since I know they’ll be future leaders give people a chance to express themselves and to build trust among a group

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Importance of Reflection  I have learned that I need to take a step back and analyze what is going on in order to make the best decisions as a leader.  Reflection should not be forgotten when we are doing things. Without reflection we don’t process things fully LOGIC Facilitators Students were asked to identify the level of challenge that the facilitators provided the LOGIC participants and ways facilitators could improve. This question was asked in order to determine if the level of difficulty for the activities was appropriate as well as how facilitators could improve for the next session. Table 4 below represents the collected quantitative responses from the students.
Themes and Subthemes Yes No Did not address question Number of Responses 68 6 3

Table 4: Did the facilitators challenge you this weekend? Any thoughts on how they can improve or grow? (Please include your small group facilitator’s name if you have specific feedback for them) Analysis of the responses shows that the level of challenge was enough for the participants. On the rare response that a student felt that they were not challenge, responses gravitated to the thought that the participants had done leadership retreats before and have seen these activities before. On 3 responses, students did not address the question. In addressing the part of the question involving how the facilitator could improve, many brought up the idea that the facilitators should be “more involved” with the group discussions. Examples that were provided included the facilitator providing their own reflections and how it

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relates to the activity that they experienced. Many participants asked if it were possible for the facilitators to give more examples of their experiences and not ask as many questions. In one response the participant would have liked the facilitator to challenge them more. On an overall note, the facilitators were rated very highly. Many participants really enjoyed their facilitator. They mentioned how their facilitator challenged them to think outside the box and see different perspectives. Participants lauded the facilitators’ enthusiasm and concern for the group as a whole. Program Recommendation to Peers Students were asked if they would recommend this program to a friend and why. The question was asked to determine if they would recommend the program to others, generating word of mouth marketing for the program. Table 5 is the representative quantitative data.
Number of Responses 77 0

Themes and Subthemes Yes No

Table 5: Would you recommend this program to a friend? Why? All students responded positively to this question in that they would recommend this program to their peers. Many participants cited that this program can be beneficial to many students on campus and that it is a great way to meet new people on Florida States’ campus. They also made mention that the LOGIC program provided them with a much clearer understanding of leadership and how it influences their daily lives. Below is a sample of representative quotes of what participants had to say:  I feel like this program was a very pleasant experience that I learned a lot from and the methods used to bring up discussion were very affective

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Yes I would recommend this to a friend who is willing to take on a challenge of becoming a leader in any kind of way.

 

It was a very helpful time for me to think about myself 100% yes! I met so many great people and learned so much about leadership and the Social Change Model

I would definitely recommend this to a friend because it was a great learning experience and helped me recognize what I need to work on to be an effective leader

This program was more fun than I imagined. It gave me a new experience that would probably be unrivaled by other leadership experiences I have had Conclusions and Future Recommendations The data from this assessment shows that the LOGIC program is one the strongest

leadership development programs that the Center has to offer and serves as a stepping stone for students to enter and get involved in other Center programs. The data shows that LOGIC is one of the students first involvements (see demographic data), and hence fulfilling one of the programs goals. The data also shows that LOGIC is the Center’s largest leadership development program, with 77 participants this year, and plenty of room to continue to grow. With a stronger marketing push from next year, LOGIC can easily reach the 100 participants range. Much of the student learning revolved around the social change model of leadership, accomplishing another goal. Many students cited that they had a better understanding of the 7 C’s and that leadership is not a position, but a process. Many of them came to the realization that the being a leader also means being a follower as well. Other learning revolved around the participant’s self-awareness; how they interact in a group, their energy levels, self-confidence, personal leadership potential recognition, and diversity awareness. Many of the participants

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loved the challenge course aspect of the program and many cited that they had learned a lot from the course. Future recommendations for the program include: having a much stronger marketing push for the program. Word of mouth seems to be a strong marketing tool for many of the participants, as many heard from a family member, friend, advisor, etc., however that may limit the diversity of the participant pool to have more Center students than general body students. A list of marketing strategies was created by the 2012-2013 co-coordinators; it is recommended that the co-coordinators and advisors use that list to enhance their marketing and branding potential. Flyers were a useful tool in the marketing strategies, on particular with housing. Many housing students that attended LOGIC did so because of the flyers that were disbursed at each of the residence halls, including the residence life office. A promotional video may also be useful for marketing LOGIC. A collection of photos and resides in the Center share drive that would be useful in creating the promotional video. It is also recommended that the facilitators receive more in-depth training on topics such as facilitations. This would facilitate the debriefing process more and allow the facilitators to learn how to connect the social change model to the different activities throughout the retreat. It may also be prudent to develop a collection of different activities that facilitators would be able to use during LOGIC so that the same activities aren’t always being used. Overall, the LOGIC program a very versatile program, advisors and graduate advisors should continue to look into way to continuously develop the program and its content. One example might be to look into how the Social Change Model presentation is taught and how it could be made more active and engaging among the participants.

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Appendix A Assessment Questions 1. What activity did you gain the most from? Why? 2. Do you feel you have a better understanding of leadership and yourself in relation to leadership? Please explain. 3. What was the biggest take-away or learning from this weekend? 4. Did the facilitators challenge you this weekend? Any thoughts on how they can improve or grow? (Please include your small group facilitator’s name if you have specific feedback for them) 5. Would you recommend this program to a friend? Why? 6. Anything else you would like to comment on or provide feedback for…

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Appendix B Demographic Data
GENDER Females Males Total ETHNICITY Caucasians Hispanics African American Asians Eastern Europe Arab Bengali (Bangladesh) Unidentified Total YEAR First years Second Years Third Years Fourth years Graduate Total MAJOR Political Science and International Affairs Psychology Communication Biology English Family and Child Sciences Dietetics Business Management Marketing Exploratory Graphic Design and Information Technology Chemistry Criminology Column1 12 11 7 7 4 4 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 Column1 25 15 16 13 8 77 Column1 59 18 77 Column1 27 18 15 11 2 2 1 1 77

Running Head: LEADERSHIP LOGIC ASSESSMENT PROJECT Environmental Science Exercise Science Nursing Elementary Education Public Health Sociology Education Policy and Evaluation Risk Management Hospitality Education Policy and Evaluation Math Nutrition Electrical Engineering Total HOW DID YO HEAR Print (flyers, etc.) Other (Family, friends, Advisors, etc) Social Media (Facebook, twitter, etc) Website List Serve Total PRIOR INVOLVEMENT Yes No Total Column1 22 17 16 15 7 77 Column1 25 52 77 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 77

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