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Mistie Calculation

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Mistie Calculation
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Overview Basemap Functions Horizon Source Survey Scope Extracting and Calculating Misties Apply Corrections Output Mistie to File Basemap Mistie Display Seismic Functions Seismic Plot/Adjust Mistie Display Correlate Mistie

GeoFrame 4.2

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Ideally. The mistie correction values for individual lines are stored in the database along with the seismic description. It is not always appropriate to correct a mistie in this way. The mistie values are stored on a per-project level. but this is seldom the case. Index Previous Topic Previous Page Next Page Contents 3 . (rather than on a horizon basis) where each intersection can have only one defined mistie. Mistie calculates. It is the amount needed to shift the entire line (up or down) to minimize the misties. and applies a correction for 2D line intersection misties. If several sub-projects share the same seismic data. They may also be output to a file. The value shows how well the two traces (in the same geographical position) match. each may have different stored intersection mistie values.Basemap > Functions. The mistie correction is a value associated with a 2D seismic line. A line may have only one correction value. A mistie is a value associated with the intersection of two seismic lines. they should match perfectly. Sub-projects that share a seismic line also share the stored correction value. displays.2 Access Mistie Calculation from IMain .Mistie Calculation Overview Overview GeoFrame 4. the error might lie in the trace coordinates for one or both of the lines. Such problems must be corrected outside IMain2D or 2D/3D.

This value is updated with the first execution of Extract Mistie. these are: • Horizon Source . and is modified on subsequent runs according to the scope criteria. • Survey Scope . the actual values displayed may not refer to the current active horizon. Two options determine the scope of the actual mistie extraction and adjustment within the sub-project. In addition.This option selects which survey(s) will be included in the mistie extraction and possible correction calculations. Since the mistie values stored in the database represent those generated from the last execution of Extract Mistie. a default mistie value of 0ms is assigned. only misties for the specified surveys will be shown. The interactive processes available for this functionality are: • Extract Mistie • Print Mistie • Calc Corrections as Average • Calc Corrections by Reference • Calc One Correction Previous Topic Previous Page Next Page Contents Index 4 .Mistie Calculation Overview GeoFrame 4.This determines which horizon(s) will be input for evaluation.2 When 2D intersections are generated.

Mistie Calculation Overview • Set One Correction • Apply Corrections • Output to file GeoFrame 4.2 Mistie information can be displayed in the Basemap and Seismic windows by toggling on the appropriate Display Options. Previous Topic Previous Page Next Page Contents Index 5 . the Correlate Mistie function can be used in the Seismic window. After mistie values have been determined.

button. To see the interpretation from intersecting lines turn on IMain . The Basemap Mistie Display window is accessed by pressing the Setup. 2. the Basemap Display toggle must be on.Basemap > Functions > Mistie. 4. the average mistie value will be calculated.Basemap > Selections > Surveys. Select the horizon(s) and survey(s) you want to work with from IMain . 5.2 If several surfaces exist for the horizon. In order to display mistie information on the Basemap. Using the main Mistie Calculation dialog box.. All surfaces which are interpreted on both 2D lines will be considered. 3.Seismic > Selections > All Horizons and IMain . GeoFrame 4. The following is an example of using Mistie.Line Ties. Previous Topic Previous Page Next Page Contents Index 6 . as must the relevant toggle buttons within the Basemap Mistie Display window.Seismic > Options > Seismic Display > Interpretation [Setup] . You can then print the mistie values on the Basemap.. The individual functions are explained in detail in the relevant sections. Choose IMain . Extract the mistie values for either the Active horizon or all the horizons in the selected list.Mistie Calculation Overview Procedure O Mistie Calculation only applies to time-indexed seismic data. 1.

by dragging the seismic window. 10. You can calculate the mistie correction relative to one line (where you may have reliable data). This allows you to move one side of the composed section up or down to correlate the seismic. You can then turn to the Seismic and Grid windows to see the effect of the mistie corrections.Mistie Calculation Overview GeoFrame 4. Apply the corrections to the horizon on a single line or across the whole survey. Previous Topic Previous Page Next Page Contents Index 7 . 8. Any remaining lines of spurious interpretation can be individually adjusted by using the Seismic Plot/ Adjust Mistie toggle button. all the Selected horizons. The Seismic Plot/Adjust Mistie toggle button must be on before the Correlate Mistie button can be activated. 11. the corrected interpretation can be stored to a different horizon. You may want to Calculate Corrections (based on extracted or correlated intersection misties) for the Active horizon.2 6. The value you decide on will supersede the extracted value for that intersection on the Basemap. for the Active survey or for all Selected surveys. 9. or calculate by average across the whole survey. The Output to file option can be used to output mistie information in various formats. If you do not want to overwrite your original interpretation. 7. You may then use Correlate Mistie on a seismic section composed at the intersection between two lines to adjust the mistie values at the intersection manually.

set in IMain .Mistie Calculation Basemap Functions Basemap Functions Horizon Source This determines which horizon(s) will be input for evaluation. All surfaces which are interpreted on both 2D lines will be considered. Active GeoFrame 4. This feature allows you to calculate and apply mistie values to the seismic on a horizon-by-horizon basis. Active The Active option refers only to the top or first survey on the Surveys list in the Basemap window.2 The Active setting refers to the currently active horizon.Seismic > Selections > Horizons. Survey Scope This option selects which survey(s) will be included in the mistie extraction and possible correction calculations. Previous Topic Previous Page Next Page Contents Index 8 . Selected The average mistie value of the surfaces of all selected horizons will be calculated.

Previous Topic Previous Page Next Page Contents Index 9 .Mistie Calculation Basemap Functions Selected GeoFrame 4. To use. click MB1 on the selected process and note that the Function name appears in the Active function area in the lower left of the Basemap window. Extracting and Calculating Misties The interactive processes available for this functionality are: • Extract Mistie • Print Mistie • Calc Corrections as Average • Calc Corrections by Reference • Calc One Correction • Set One Correction Below is a brief description of each function.2 Setting Selected includes all of the surveys selected for the project. like all of the 2D lines visible on the Basemap. To start the function. move the cursor onto the Basemap (according to the guidelines below) and click MB1 again.

then select the lines to display by clicking MB1 on the desired line on the Basemap. the system will only show one set of mistie values. and store/update the mistie value for each in the database. Print Mistie is a function like other Basemap interactive functions. Make the window larger or use the Zoom function (accelerator key z) if this happens. click the function. If the screen becomes very cluttered. the mistie at the intersection will have opposite signs (e. Print Mistie (see below) will display the results. To reset all the mistie values to undefined. such as Zoom.Mistie Calculation Basemap Functions Extract Mistie GeoFrame 4. Print Mistie Use this function to display the mistie values derived for all intersections along a specified line.g. the printed mistie values will disappear. +7 for one line. If you use another function.2 This function is used to search all line intersections based upon the Horizon and Survey options selected. -7 for the other). The mistie values will appear in blue. the system may not print mistie values. However. activate the Print Mistie function. rather than print them on top of each other. After running the above Extract Mistie calculation. If two intersecting lines are chosen. then click the middle (MB2) button on the Basemap. with the sign relative to the line that was selected last. Select Extract Mistie from the Mistie Calculation dialog box and click MB1 anywhere in the Basemap window to start the process. Previous Topic Previous Page Next Page Contents Index 10 .

The reference line is assumed to have a zero correction. Select the Calc Corrections as Average function. To use this function. which minimize the mistie at each intersection.Mistie Calculation Basemap Functions Calc Corrections as Average GeoFrame 4. Pressing the middle button (MB2) will reset all of the correction values to zero. Previous Topic Previous Page Next Page Contents Index 11 . it may be necessary to select more than one reference line to cover the entire survey(s). and the algorithm will calculate the mistie correction values for the other lines in relation to this line. then click the MB1 anywhere in the Basemap window to start the calculation. it will not be possible to adjust its correction. This process should be repeated as necessary to cover the entire survey(s). each time selecting an appropriate reference line (see Note above). When using this function. Averaged values are derived across the data set. Calc Corrections by Reference This function is used to calculate mistie corrections for an intersecting grid of 2D lines based on a userselected reference line. If a line is not connected to the reference line (through a series of intersections with defined mistie values).2 Use this function to calculate correction values based on all of the mistie values previously extracted. Select the Calc Corrections by Reference function then click on the first chosen reference line on the Basemap. run the above Extract Mistie and Print Mistie functions to establish the reference line(s). Areas not connected to the chosen reference line will not be overwritten for subsequent runs of this function.

The cursor will change to a double-ended arrow. based on the average mistie along the individual line. release the mouse button. which is displayed in the message area of the Basemap window. Select the Set One Correction function. Set One Correction Use this function to set a correction value for a selected line manually. Selecting the line with the middle button (MB2) will reset the stored correction value to zero.2 This function is used to generate a single correction value on a line-by-line basis. place the cursor on the desired line in the Basemap window. Dragging the cursor up (increase) or down (decrease) will change the correction value. Any previously stored correction value for that line will be updated in the database. The selected line name and calculated correction value will appear in the lower right of the Basemap window. When the desired correction value is displayed.Mistie Calculation Basemap Functions Calc One Correction GeoFrame 4. then place the cursor on the desired line and click MB1. press and hold MB1. overwriting any previously stored correction value for that line. Click on the Calc One Correction function. Click on the line with the middle button (MB2) to reset the correction value to zero. Previous Topic Previous Page Next Page Contents Index 12 . This sets the value and updates the value in the database.

however. thus overwriting the current values stored. After selecting the Source and Destination horizons. Note that this list only shows the defined horizons currently available in the Selected Horizons list found in the IMain . The same correction values may be applied to more then one horizon. Previous Topic Previous Page Next Page Contents Index 13 .Seismic Selections > Horizons.Mistie Calculation Basemap Functions Apply Corrections GeoFrame 4. Apply One Line Use this option to correct the interpreted horizon values on a line-by-line basis. only one horizon at a time may be modified. click MB1 on the Apply One Line button to activate the option. Source Horizon This parameter allows you to apply the last saved mistie correction to any selected horizon values. Highlight the horizon to be modified by clicking on the name with the MB1. Destination This parameter specifies to which horizon to save the modified interpretation values to. or saved to a different horizon name for further comparison. highlight the name by clicking on it with MB1. The corrected version may be saved to the same horizon name as the Source. To choose an output horizon. See Extracting and Calculating Misties for details on correction value calculation.2 This function allows you to modify the stored values for selected interpreted horizons by applying the last stored corrections generated in Mistie Calculation. click MB1 directly on the line(s) to be modified in the Basemap window. when only a few lines need adjustment. Then.

and the correction values will be applied and saved to the database. Previous Topic Previous Page Next Page Contents Index 14 . from the available options. Output Mistie to File This function allows you to output stored mistie information to a file for subsequent viewing. click MB1 on the OK button. button will open the Output Mistie to file dialog.Mistie Calculation Basemap Functions Apply All Lines GeoFrame 4. then click MB1 on the Apply All Lines button..2 Select this option to modify all of the lines with stored mistie correction values. To use. Clicking on the Output to file. printing and further processing. The format and output file name can be specified. To continue. where you can specify how you want the output to appear. highlight the desired Source and Destination horizons.. A pop-up warning will appear to confirm the overwrite of the Destination horizon (even if it contains no interpretation).

2 Output is displayed in the FrameViewer. Output is formatted in fixed width columns separated by spaces. No output file is specified for this format. Previous Topic Previous Page Next Page Contents Index 15 . This format is also suitable as input to Segment Load (for creating an ITL). printing on a dumb printer. Parseable Text This is similar to Plain Text. long names) will be truncated. but no formatting is done. Information will be displayed in one table per 2D line. You may browse the output and/or send it to a printer. Output fields (columns) are separated by semicolons and are not truncated. The output is suitable for further processing by tools outside Charisma. Plain Text Output is a text version suitable. Framemaker MIF Generate a Maker Interchange Format file suitable for reading into FrameMaker or another tool understanding MIF. for example. More information is presented here than with the other formats.Mistie Calculation Basemap Functions Output Format Screen Display GeoFrame 4. Overflowing fields (for example. but the format is not very readable.

press the Select Lines. These work in the same manner. Applied. Three lists are displayed. The Advanced line selection toggle to the left of this button shows whether this detailed selection should be used.2 Usually. so only one is described below. The only exception is that if the selection list for Intersecting Lines is empty. it is assumed to be equal to the Base Line list. then the selections made in the Select Lines window will be ignored. A fourth list. the output contains all the lines currently selected on the Basemap. If you want a more detailed selection. but may be inferred. as LineA x LineB and LineB x LineA. The dialog contains a selection for Base Lines and Intersection Lines. is not shown. All intersections will appear twice. Previous Topic Previous Page Next Page Contents Index 16 . The most common usage is either to have the two lists equal (as with calculate mistie within a survey or project) or completely unconnected (like calculate mistie between surveys).Mistie Calculation Basemap Functions Line Selection GeoFrame 4.. The Select Lines window must also be used if you want different lists for base lines and intersecting lines (list all intersections between SurveyA and SurveyB). the output statistics may be confusing. button to open the Select Lines window. for instance. If the lists overlap in part. If the toggle is off..

this list contains all the lines in those surveys that have not yet been selected into the Selections list.2 Lines in survey: When one or more surveys are highlighted in the Surveys list. Double click in the Lines in survey list. To select. Selection: The list of lines the user has selected from the Lines in survey list. Double click in the Selection list.Mistie Calculation Basemap Functions Base Lines Surveys: The list of surveys in the project. Short-cuts for operating on the lists Single click in the Surveys list: Affects display in the Lines in survey list only. It will appear back in the Lines in survey list if the survey is currently highlighted. Press the Clear button to remove all lines from the Selection list. or press the right facing pointer button: Transfer the highlighted line to the Selection list. use MB1 to double click on them. GeoFrame 4. They will appear back in the Lines in survey list if the corresponding surveys are currently highlighted. Double click in the Surveys list or press the All button. or press the left facing pointer button: Remove the highlighted line from the Selection list. Previous Topic Previous Page Next Page Contents Index 17 . Transfer all the lines in the highlighted surveys to the Selection list.

4 Repeat for Intersection Lines. The selected lines will appear in the Selection list.2 1 Select the Survey(s) from which the Base Lines are to be taken. GeoFrame 4. Surface priority The Surface priority radio buttons specify what to do when encountering a multi-valued horizon. hold and drag the cursor to highlight several lines at once) and transfer them to the Selection list by clicking on the right facing pointer button. see above.Mistie Calculation Basemap Functions Line Selection Procedure For double-click short cuts. or deselect individual lines by highlighting and then clicking on the left facing pointer button.The default is Upper. (uses the shallowest time value for calculating the mistie). 2 Press the All button to select all of the listed lines. All the lines in the chosen survey(s) will be shown in the Lines in survey list. with the MB1 (click. or select lines individually with MB1 (click. Previous Topic Previous Page Next Page Contents Index 18 . 3 Press the Clear button to deselect all the lines from the Selection list. Once selected. it will be highlighted in black. hold and drag the cursor to highlight several surveys at once).

there are two extra columns in the output which contain the mistie and the correction multiplied by the Correction factor. The output function does not actually apply. for the closest trace with a defined time value.2 This value specifies the number of traces on each side to check for a valid time. (No selection is necessary with the Screen Display Output format). These are the columns that the user will normally use as input to Segment Load when creating an ITL from the mistie information. Previous Topic Previous Page Next Page Contents Index 19 . on either side. Correction Factor This is used only with the Parseable and Plain format.Mistie Calculation Basemap Functions CDP Tolerance GeoFrame 4. Click on the slide bar and drag it to the desired value (range 1 to 20).5. This means that at least 2 traces (one each side) will be read. If greater than 1. apply half the mistie as correction on each of the lines. i. If set to 1 (the default). The default is 0. the time value is extracted from the closest trace on either side of the intersection. instead. Selection Select the output file by clicking in the Files selection box or by typing the file name directly into the Selection box. Single clicks to the left/right of the slide bar will decrement/ increment by 1. It specifies how much of the mistie on each intersection you want to apply (range -1 to +1).e. that number of traces will be searched. No interpolation is done.

To utilize the options within the dialog box from the Functions menu. they will not work if the master switch is off).] button pops-up the Basemap Mistie Display dialog box. Previous Topic Previous Page Next Page Contents Index 20 .. only misties for selected surveys will be shown. the current values may not refer to the current active horizon. with the exception of Print Mistie.2 The Basemap Display toggle button is the master switch controlling the display all of the mistie information displayed in the Basemap window. To be able to display any mistie information. thus. To activate under the options menu. The Basemap Mistie Display dialog box is used to control the display of mistie information on the basemap. the Basemap Display “master” switch must be turned on in the Mistie Calculation dialog box. The mistie values stored in the database represent those generated from the last execution of Extract Mistie. which turns on or off the individual options of Show Mistie. Only a single mistie value for each intersection is stored for the entire survey(s) (not stored on a horizon basis). and Print Correction.Mistie Calculation Basemap Functions Basemap Mistie Display This switch controls the display of mistie information in the Basemap window. Show Corrected Values. In addition. GeoFrame 4. Pressing the [Setup. the user must first have calculated the misties using Functions > Extract Mistie. The master switch must be toggled on to activate the Basemap Mistie Display options (even if the options are toggled on. the Mistie “master” switch must be turned on in the Basemap Display dialog box..

> Tolerance • No square .Small Mistie. This applies to both the “Show Mistie” option and the “Print Mistie” function in the Mistie Calculation window. Show Corrected Values This function is used when displaying the actual values of a mistie on the basemap. press MB1 and drag the slide-bar to the desired value. The colors are: • Brown . Previous Topic Previous Page Next Page Contents Index 21 . Print Correction When activated. = or < Tolerance • Blue . When switched on. this option annotates the assigned (applied) correction value (ms) for each displayed line (in brown) at the end of the line. this function will display a small square around line intersections on the basemap. then release the button. and will display any remaining mistie.Mistie Calculation Basemap Functions GeoFrame 4. This function is used after a correction has been applied.2 Show Mistie This function may be switched on and off by clicking on the button with MB1. To set the scale. The colored squares will be updated to reflect the current Tolerance setting upon clicking the Apply button.Large Mistie. A line which has not had any correction applied is assumed to have a correction value of zero.Mistie not defined (stored) This color scale is directly affected by the Tolerance value selected. The color of the square gives an indication of the magnitude of the mistie.

. Output of mistie values and mistie differences to the job recording file and on the system printer is possible. Absolute values or Delta values may be posted. It option only applies to 2D time seismic data which has had mistie values calculated using IMain Basemap > Functions > Mistie. Displays symbols which indicate the direction and magnitude of mistie for all 2D intersections calculated against the current seismic section..Mistie Calculation Seismic Functions Seismic Functions Seismic Plot/Adjust Mistie Display GeoFrame 4. this “master” toggle button enables four mistie features in the Seismic window: Previous Topic Previous Page Next Page Contents Index 22 .2 This switch controls the display of mistie information in the Seismic window.Seismic > Options > Seismic Display > Interpretation [Setup.]. where it can also be accessed under Options > Seismic Display > Interpretation [Setup.. When toggled on.].. The Seismic Plot/Adjust Mistie toggle button controls the display of mistie information in the Seismic window. It can also be accessed under IMain . Posted mistie values may be calculated and plotted at the 2D line intersections via Map Plot > Functions > Posted Map > Segment Set Map > Posted segments.

and an inverted “T” shows that the crossing line interpretation is higher. If the mistie is zero. The bar is usually T-shaped. Previous Topic Previous Page Next Page Contents Index 23 . to make the display as smooth as possible. A regular “T” shape indicates that the interpretation from the crossing line is deeper than that of the selected line. You can see the effect by toggling the Seismic Plot/ Adjust Mistie button on and off. they will be shifted by the stored mistie value for the intersection.Mistie Calculation Seismic Functions Seismic adjustment GeoFrame 4. with the horizontal bar aligned along the center of the display and the vertical bar indicating the direction and magnitude of the stored mistie. Interpretation adjustment When the interpretation picks from crosslines are plotted (default symbol: yellow crosses). the individual sections will be adjusted up or down according to any stored mistie value. Mistie annotation Defined misties (from Extract Mistie) are annotated with the yellow bar symbols for all 2D intersections on the seismic section displayed. the symbol will appear just as a horizontal line.2 If the display is a composite. This adjustment only affects the seismic display. the true time scale is retained for plotting and editing the interpretation.

Click on the Correlate Mistie button (“Correlate Mistie” will appear in the active function area (lower left) of the Seismic window). The mistie value displayed will be updated. Begin by composing a section from the two intersecting lines with the mistie you want to adjust (Functions > Seismic Selection > Compose). then drag the cursor on the appropriate section of the composite up. Previous Topic Previous Page Next Page Contents Index 24 . This is useful if the Extract Mistie result is not good enough. “T” symbols will appear on the seismic display showing any existing defined mistie on all intersections for the section displayed. When you click MB1 on the seismic. Make sure the Seismic Plot/Adjust Mistie button is toggled on (see Seismic Plot/Adjust Mistie Display). indicating the size and direction of any existing mistie defined for that intersection. The intersection on the seismic should be annotated with a yellow “T” symbol. Click and hold MB1. release the MB1. Correlation of misties directly on the seismic is used to adjust the mistie for individual intersections. When an acceptable correlation is reached.Mistie Calculation Seismic Functions Correlate Mistie GeoFrame 4. This will update the mistie value displayed on the Basemap to match the final value shown in the message area of the Seismic window. the cursor will change to a double-headed arrow and the mistie value (+ or -) will appear in the message area (beside the function area) of the Seismic window. or down along the intersection.2 The Seismic Plot/Adjust Mistie button must be toggled on in order to activate the Correlate Mistie function in the Seismic window.

Previous Topic Previous Page Next Page Contents Index 25 . the sections involved will display two horizon tie symbols (+) instead of one.Mistie Calculation Seismic Functions Click MB2 to reset the mistie correlation back to the original Extract Mistie value.2 When a mistie adjustment with seismic correlation is made and stored in the database. for the intersection on each of the lines. GeoFrame 4. The second symbol is only displayed when the Seismic Plot/Adjust Mistie toggle is on.