Allegory Allusion Animal electricity Augustan Age

Ballad Opera Belinda Bildungsroman Bildungsroman Blank Verse Brobdingnag caesura Cave of Spleen Charlotte Smith Charlotte Smith Charlotte Smith Charlotte Smith Charlotte Smith Clarissa Classical Morality closed heroic couplet

Comedy of manners conceit conceit criminal biography criminal biography Deism Direct speech Direct speech Dissenters Divine apparatus"Divine Machinery" Machinery Eighteenth Century iterature Elegiac Sonnets Elegy Elegy Elegy !ritten in a Country Churchyard Embedded story epic

epistolary novel eponymous #lo$er verse #ree indirect speech"discourse #riday %oblin Market %othic %raveyard &oetry %raveyard &oets %raveyard school %rub Street heroic couplets heroic couplets heroic 'uatrains or elegiac stan(as heroi)comical poem *eteroglossia *istorical +ovel *ouyhnhnms instantaneous description interregnum

,ntrusive +arrator irony amia aputa illiput lyrical poetry M- B- Drapier Malapropism Master Bates Methodism methodism Metrical .omance Mock Epic Moral .eform Mother Midnight musical /airs/ musical air +arrative 0ransvestism +arrative 0ransvestism +ature

+ell %$ynn neoclassical verse +e$gate +e$gate +ovel" Biography +oble savages novel +ovel of Character +ovel of Character +ovel of incident +ymph Clarissa Old Bailey Omniscient narrator O.,E+0A 0A E

Orientalism Oroonoko1 or 0he .oyal Slave o2ymoron &alladianism &amela &erfect style &eriodical Essay &eriphrasis personification &hilosophic Skepticism picares'ue novel &roleptic 3narrative device4 &roleptic 3narrative device4 &roleptic 3narrative device4 &roleptic 3narrative device4 &un 'uotidian .asselas .asselas .ealism .estoration .obert ovelace .obert !alpole .obinsonnade .omantic Orientalism .omantic Orientalism .oyal E2change

.oyal E2change .oyal Society Safie Safie Samuel 5ohnson satire savage misanthropy Scriblerus Club Second 0reatise of %overnment Sensibility Sensibility sentimental


Sentimental Sentimental Sir &lume spiritual biography

Stream of consciousness voice sublime sublime Sylphs 0abula .asa 0he battle of the Books 0he battle of the Books 0he Beggar6s Opera 0he Dunciad 37th book4 0he Enlightenment 0he ife of Samuel 5ohnson 0he ives of the &oets 0he Mint 0he 0atler"0he Spectator 0he 0atler"0he Spectator 0he 0atler"0he Spectator travel narrative 0yburn 8mbriel Vitalist Debate

$it 9ahoos 9ahoos :eugma

Story or poem in $hich characters1 settings1 and events stand for other people or events or for abstract ideas or 'ualitiesa reference to another piece of $ork or event $hatever it $as that activated the muscles of his froges $hen he passed a current through their legsthe first third of the ?A th century1 named after .oman Emperor Augustus1 under $hose rule atin literature achieved its hig

?- A type of play that mi2ed spoken lines $ith lyrics of popular tunes- 3today it $ould be called a musical4 ;- Satiri(ed regul problems of the day- C- 5ohn %ayBs /0he BeggarBs Opera/7-A form of musical theatre1 popular in eighteen)century England verisimilitude and e2cessive dramaticism of ,talian operas 0he $oman that epitomi(es the ideals of beauty and elegance of the upper class in 0he .ape of the ock

)%erman term= a coming of age story- 0he sub<ect is these novels is the development on the protagonistBs mind and charac $hich usually involves recognition of oneBs identity and role in the $orld)a type of novel in $hich the main character develops physically1 morally and psychologically during the development of the poetry thatBs $ritten in un)rhymed iambic pentameter and of enlightened1 rural giants in %ulliver6s 0ravelsthe break or pause bet$een the t$o halves of a line of poetry Evil place $here crooked creatures did lurid things 3 ,n the .ape of the ock4- 8mbriel goes there and returns $ith only sig

*er $ork inspired !ords$orth and Coleridge- a successful female poet in a time $hen female poets $ere rare- She revive /Beachy *ead/ /Emmeline/ 3 a novel4/0he Emigrants/ #rances Burney

)early ?Dth century England"#rance )had a lump in her breast) convinced she $as going to dieE had mastectomy) survived) letters/Evelina/ +ovel Samuel .ichardson6s masterpeice1 an epistolary novel about a $oman $ho inherited money but $as still not freeMorality $ith rigid distinctions bet$een goodness and badness- 0he .oman morals brought back in the neoclassical age&entameter couplet closed by a coma1 semi colon1 'uestion mark or e2clamation point- ; successive rhyming lines that co

#orm of comic drama that became popular in ?@th century #rance and the English .estoration emphasi(ing a cultivated or dialogue- ,t satiri(ed society6s manners- Concerned $ith the upper middle class- Brilliant1 $itty1 cynical vie$ of human natu egoistic and predatory 3E2E 0he Man of Mode1 &ride and &re<udice4 )an e2tended metaphor or other figure of speech that compares t$o things that are startlingly different-

)e2tended metaphor $ith a comple2 logic that governs a poetic passage or entire poem- By <u2taposing1 usurping and man surprising $ays),nspired in confessions of real criminals that supposedly dictated their lives to the priests in charge in charge of the prison

)a $ork $hich recounts the ancestry1 upbringing1 criminal career and incarceration of the central character1 tried and often character also confesses and repents0he religion of the Enlightenment 3?@FFs4E natural religion1 believe in the e2istence of a supreme being1 but that he created destiny-

0his term is used to refer to the e2act $ords spoken by a speaker- 0he $ords are given bet$een 'uotation marks 3/ /4 in $ G!hat am , going to doHI )8sed a lot on &ride and &re<udice through lettersthose $ho didn6t $ant to follo$ the ceremonies and ritual aspects of the .oman Catholic Church= more personal relationsh

Supernatural agents in epic fiction1 usually %ods or %oddesses- ,n the Mock )epic .ape of the ock1 tiny and insignificant c

something like its root meaning of GlettersI and could include a $ide range of printed materials- Also1 a period in $hich lette correspondence $ith others1 $ere important1 often published by authors themselves in multi)volume series Sonnets $ritten in ?@A7 by Charlotte Smith that revived the sonnets and inspired Coleridge and !ads$orthA poetic form that conveys the poet6s meditation on loss and death- 0homas %ray6s poetry is an e2amplea poetic form that conveys the poetBs meditation on loss and death- 0he most celebrated poem by 0homas %ray is an e2am An elegiac couplet $ritten by %ray $ritten in heroic 'uatrains"elegiac stan(as- ,t marked the transition from classical .oma

+arratives that appear $ithin a story that seem to diverge from the main plot but are relevant in some $ay- 3they can reve future1 establish themes or parallel events-----4 long fictional narrative en verse- A long narrative poem on a serious sub<ect presented in an elevated or formal style- Can n

A narrative form of letters popular in the ?Ath century-" A novel retold by the use of letters- Adds great realism becauseit m vie$ of the characters 3Clarissa and #rankenstein4 $hen the name of a story comes from its main character- EJE .obinson Crusoe1 Odyssey1 Moll #landers----A sub)genre of female poetry $hich celebrates the scent1 te2ture and color of flora-

A combination of ?st person and Crd person speech1 $here you are presented $ith the consciousness or point of vie$ of a form- 38sed by 5ane Austen4 name of a character in the novel .obinson Crusoe that Crusoe adopts as his slaveA poem by Christina .ossetti $here desire is portrayed through the narrative of delicious fruit being sold and eaten by stra A literary genre that idealised medieval culture and architecture in opposition to neo classical= terror1 horror and supernatur %enre of ?Ath)century British poetry that focused on death and grief

a group of ?A th century poets $ho produced sub<ective and melancholy poems containing %othic images and reflections o pre)figure the .omantic movementA school of poets and poetry obsessed $ith death1 graves and suicide- .evival of gothic architecture- 3%ray1 9oung1 Blair1 a famous street in ondon $ere all the hacks hung around- *ere $e find the first professional class of authors- ,t appears i Dictionary0ypical form of English neoclassical styleE ten syllables1 K feet each1 t$o line rhyme- 3used in many heroic tragedies4 )a rhymed pair of iambic pentameter lines that dominated the English poetry of the ?Ath centuryiambic pentameters rhyming ABAB named after %ray6s poem Elegy $ritten in a Churchyard a comic poem that treats trivial material in an epic style 30he .ape of the ock4 e2istence of different narrative voices in a te2t 3typical of novels starting in the ?Dth century4-

A novel $here fictional characters take part in actual historical events and interact $ith real people from the past- !alter S a race of truthful horses in %ulliver6s 0ravels $ho live by reason

,n Clarissa1 the character6s record events and their impressions of them as they happenE hands shake $hen they $rite1 the &eriod bet$een the reigns of Charles , and Charles ,, in England bet$een ?L7D)?LLF1 Crom$ellian rule-

an omniscient narrator $ho1 in addition to reporting the events of a novelBs story1 offers further comments on characters an more generally upon the significance of the story = their motives and behaviour- 3can e2press his"her o$n vie$s4 e2- moral Austen uses this type of narratorA figure of speech in $hich the speaker can say one thing and mean its opposite- ,mplies an attitude 'uite different to the o ,n one of Meats poems 3by the same name4 the $oman $ho is transformed from a snake to later capture and seduce her l considered to be Meat6s perfect $omanA land 3actually a flying island4 in %ulliver6s 0ravels that is an allegory of the &olitical life under the !hig Sir .obert !alpol and of diminutive urban people 3 illiputians4 $ho turn out to be vicious and ambitious 3%ulliver6s 0ravels4 short poem $ritten in a repeating stan(aic form1 often designed to be set to music- 8sed to e2press feelings1 E2E !alter Sc 5onathan S$ift6s pen name mangled idioms named after Mrs- Malaprop 3a character from Sheridan6s The Rivals in 17754 the name of the character in %ulliver6s travels $ho %ulliver is apprenticed to 3homophonic association $" masturbation4 religious revival led by 5ohn !esley and his brother Charles1 took their gospel to the poor

An independent &rotestant church founded by 5ohn !esley1 $hich began as a reform movement $ithin the Anglican churc personal spirituality1 Bible study1 evangelistic preaching1 and lively servicesStory of adventure1 love1 chivalry1 and daring deeds containing an element of the supernatural1 or mystery- E2E Scott6s ay ake1

A parody of conventional epic poetry 3,liad "Odyssey4 in order to e2pose the triviality of an ordinary event by using machine .ape of the ock4 Steele and Addison helped readers to find a moral balance bet$een the old &uritan respectability and the ne$ $it1 grace a 3ba$d1 mid$ife1 abortionist1 pa$nbroker--4 a good influence on Moll and her spiritual mother- She helps $omen in trouble musical aside sketches in $hich satirical comments of the play are contained A musical voice sung by a single voice in opera or some forms of musical theatre- !e can see it in 0he Beggar6s OperaA narrative $ritten by men $ho assumed the first)person narrative voice of $omen 3or vice versa4 EJE DefoeBs Moll #landers and .o2ana and .ichardsonBs &amela and Clarissa 0o Augustans meant universal and permanent nature-

the most famous actress of the .estoration3mistress of Charles ,,4 A type of verse that uses a balance of parallels and antithesis1 elegant allusions to classical lit-1 public1 rhetorical manner1 c the most famous and cro$ed ondon prison

)+arratives of criminal life $hich typically had an episodic structure and $here the clima2 $as the redemption of the main c after a prison in ondon people uncorrupted by society"civili(ation are models of innocence and virtue- 0erm coined by 5ean 5ac'ues in the ?Ath ce long fictional narrative in prose 0he narrative focuses on $hat the protagonist $ill do ne2t and ho$ the story $ill turn out#ocuses more on the protagonistBs motives for $hat he or she does"ho$ the protagonist as a person $ill turn out A novel in $hich the main focus is on the course and the outcome of events in the plotin 0he .ape of the ock speaks about ho$ $omen shouldn6t be <udged by only their beauty- She is the voice of reason 0he main criminal court in ondon1 mentioned in key te2ts of ?A th century English literature1 such as The Beggar’s Opera o A mode of narration that is presented by a narrator $ith an overarching point of vie$1 seeing and kno$ing everything that h including $hat each of the characters is thinking and feeling a type of fiction about e2otic 3+on)British4 things $hich o$ed its popularity to the vogue of the Arabian +ights- EJE 5ohnson #rankenstein-

0erm coined by Ed$ard SaidE a $ay of coming to terms $ith the Orient that is based on the OrientBs special place in Europ the place of EuropeBs greatest and richest and oldest colonies1 the source of its civili(ations and languages1 its cultural con most recurring images of the Other+ovel $ritten by Aphra Ben in the ?Ath century about an African &rince enslaved in Surinam a condensed form of parado2 in $hich t$o contradictory $ords are used together 3EJE S$eet sorro$4- A figure of flat contr in ?Ath century1 architecture 3variant of +eoclassicist4 that preferred stylistic simplicity 3balance and symmetry4-8sed mathe his house like thisnovel $ritten by Samuel .ichardson 3considered his best $ork4 $ho used epistles to tell the story of a servant girlAccording to Defoe1 a style of $riting that is easily understood by many1 sincere and unbiased and giving the illusion of aut

A prose genre originated in the ?Ath c- that can be considered both <ournalistic and literary- About social life1 philosophical Basically invented $hen Steele launched his 0atlerelaborate and roundabout manner of speech that uses more $ords than necessary- E2E bananas N elongated yello$ fruit representing a thing or abstraction in a human form originated in Ancient %reece1 advocated by Montaigne1 says that all kno$ledge is derived from our senses+ovel in $hich the rogue 3protagonist and narrator4 moved by fortune and self)interest1 lead a socially and geographically m sho$ contemporary society- 0he rogue usually lives off his $its in a corrupt societyOf a calendar1 e2trapolated to dates prior to its first adoption= of those used to ad<ust to or from the 5ulian calendar or %reg ?- Describes an event as having been assigned too early a date;- 3rhetoric4 Anticipating and ans$ering ob<ections before they have been raised= procataleptical Synonyms E foreshado$ing1 anticipatory also called paronomasia1 is a form of $ord play $hich suggests t$o or more meanings1 by e2ploiting multiple meanings of for an intended humorous or rhetorical effect daily= usual or customary= ordinary- Stuart Curran said that $omen in the .omantic poetry $rote about domestic1 everyday prose fable by Samuel 5ohnson about the /hunger of imagination1 $hich prays upon life/ Nseeing things the $ay $e $ant1 A philosophical fable $ritten by Samuel 5ohnson in the form of an Oriental 0ale 3made popular by the vogue of the Arabian an attempt to give the illusion of ordinary life- ,n $hich une2ceptional people undergo everyday e2periencesA period marked by Charles ,,6s return from e2ile in ?LLF 3Stuart Monarchy reinstated4 +ame of the character in .ichardson6s novel Clarissa $ho tries to marry Arabel 3her sister41tricks Clarissa into escaping $i She later starves herself to death and he is shunned and goes to #rance $here he dies in a duel#irst true &rime Minister of 8M 3!hig4 in the first half of the ?Ath c1 critici(ed in 0he Beggar6s Opera Subgender of novels1 about desert island adventures based on a famous $ork by Defoe- Slightly dystopian about the frien po$ers of human achievement)0he recurrence of recogni(able elements of Asian and African place names1 historical and legendary people1 religions1 ph the British .omantics

)0he European fascination $ith an East that $as magical1 paradisiac1 sensual1 but also cruel and despotic= the influence o among other .omantic $orks1 in ColeridgeOs GMubla MhanIplace in ondon $here international traders and merchants began trading in ?K@F-

Consumed by the fire of ?LLL and rebuilt- Addison used this building as a metaphor in his Spectator nP LD- 3%lobal market ,nstitution chartered by Charles ,,E %roup of ?; men interested in +atural &hilosophy 3science4 formed in ?LLF in England-

)0he name of the 0urkish maiden in #rankenstein- !hen she is learning to read and $rite1 she inadvertently teaches the C #eli2 also sho$s the Creature that he is alone 3$ithout a mate4)0he de acey family $ishes to marry her to #eli2 and convert her to Christianity!rote ives of the &oets1 .assels1 .ambler and the famous first true English Dictionary- Also $rote the poem= the Vanity o A literary form $hich diminishes or derrogates a sub<ect by making it ridiculous and by evoking to$ard it amusement1 scorn hatred of the animal called man 3S$ift4 %ay1 S$ift1 &ope and Arbuthnot1 group famous for satire and practical <okes5ohn ockeBs $ork arguing that true political authority comes not from %od or precedent but from the people- *e dostinguis e2change and overplus-

)An important ?AthQcentury term designating a kind of sensitivity or responsiveness that is both aesthetic and moral1 sho$ sorro$s and for beauty)Entire comple2 of thoughts feelings1 and suppositions characteristic of an individual or an age" divided the $orld bet$een )Appealing to sentiment1 s$ayed by emotion1 not reason-

)0hought $hich says human beings are basically good and that virtue is instinctive- ,t locates the base of social conduct in sanctioned moral codes- &eople began to feel pleasure in charity 3and philanthropy in general4 $hich led to social reformsof <ails1 hospitals>4

) cultural phenomenon of the ?Ath century and a kind of literature - ,ts brackground $as a moral philosophy that developed ,t claimed an innate feeling of sympathy for others and connoted an intense emotional responsiveness to beauty and subli )it replaced the old comedy of manners- %oodness triumphs over viceA character $ho tries to convince the Baron in the .ape of the ock to give back the lock .elates the acts of %od6s grace in the life of a person from sin to redemption

A 3 first)person4 narratorBs perspective by attempting to replicate the thought processes 3as opposed to simply the actions a character- Often1 interior monologues and inner desires or motivations1 as $ell as pieces of incomplete thoughts1 are e2pre ,nspires a$eE feeling emotions in the presence of nature= vast spaces1 mountainous country and $ild1 untamed landscapes )0he po$erful depiction of sub<ects that are vast1 obscure1 and po$erful= of greatness that is incomparable or immeasurab the .omantic portrayal of nature ,n the .ape of the ock1 they teach the $omen to e2alt their beauty and they also protect $omen /blank slate/ $e are born $ith according to the British philosopher ocke,t is a satirical $ork by 5onathan S$ift1 discussing the constant 'uarrel bet$een the Moderns and the Ancients- 3$ays of le

Originally in #rance1 but revived in a short satire $ritten by S$ift as a prolegomena (prefatory remarks or observations4 to 0 0he title of a play published in ?@;@ during the !alpole administration $hich narrates the socio)historical situation in %B a the most satirical moments&ope6s last ma<or $ork1 a continuance to An Essay on Man1 talks about the rot of social fabric,ntellectual revolution in the ?Ath c-Eage of criticism" decline of religion"defence of reason and debate"rise of science An biography of Samuel 5ohnson $ritten by 5ames Bos$ell 3Augustan4 By Samuel 5ohnson 3?@@@41 in ; parts1 included the biographies of selected poets of the time

A district in South$ark1 south ondon- ,n the late ?@th and early ?Ath centuries1 the area $as kno$n for offering protection its legal status as a /liberty/1 or a <urisdictional inter(one- 3Moll #landers4 )0he title of one of the periodicals founded or boosted by 5oseph Addison and .ichard Steel at the beginning of the ?Ath c )0he first periodicals- Editors of these $ere play$rights- 0hey reinforced and promoted sentimental theatreEarly ?Ath C- England- 0he first periodicals- Editors of these $ere play$rights 3Addison and Steele4-0hey reinforced and p

!ritings that describe either the authorBs <ourney to a distant and alien place1 or $ritings $hich discuss the customs1 habits Oroonoko and %ulliver6s 0ravels4 0he &rinciple place of public e2ecution" gallo$s in ondon 0he gnome in &ope6s .ape of the ock that goes and asks the %oddess Spleen to get back Belinda6s lock A debate in the ?Ath c- about $hether life needs an electrical current to make it $ork "an e2tra essential force 3spark of life material organism itself 3from !illiam a$rence1 $ho $as &ercy6s personal physicianR4-

'uickness and liveliness of mind1 inventiveness1 to enliven $orks $" metaphors"similes and images- *ad to be curbed by <u )the slaves of the *ouyhnhnms1 $ho have no reason1 only appetites and passions)Creatures that physically resemble humans and fill the protagonist $ith disgust in 5onathan S$iftBs %ulliverBs 0ravels Employs one $ord to designate t$o drastically different actions in one line3EJE Or stain her honour1 or her ne$ brocade4