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We also understand that, like everyone in specialized fields, those involved in planning, design, and construction can speak in a language understood only by the previously initiated. To help make the process at Rio Hondo open and more easily understandable, we are providing definitions of some technical terms associated with planning, designing and building large-scale construction projects. We have separated the following definitions are separated into the different project categories and processes during which each might be heard or encountered. Planning and Design Process: The Planning Process includes all work done up to the beginning of construction. This includes making plans, gaining governmental approvals, designing and creating timelines for construction. The Environmental Evaluation process must be completed prior to construction, as well. ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act) – Requires that access to all areas accommodate persons with disabilities. Arborist – The arborist is an expert on the growth, development and health of plants particularly trees. Arborists typically consult with the landscape architect to ensure appropriate plantings and a healthy environment for plant growth. Architect – The architect designs the physical improvements of the project. The architect is responsible for the aesthetics, building appearance and functionality. The architect is also responsible for construction drawings that translate the vision and aesthetics into a buildable project. Civil Engineer – An engineer who designs public works such as roads, piping, earthwork and waterworks. Critical Path Method – A construction scheduling system where important elements of the project are tracked to ensure they are completed in the sequence and on time to ensure the project is completed when required. Design Development Drawings – Drawings prepared by architects for the design development phase of the project. Design Development Phase – The phase of architectural service during which the uses and aesthetics of the project are developed and drawn.
The lead agency is required to ensure that all statutory approvals. in our case the Board of Trustees of Rio Hondo College. Master Plan – The overall long-term vision for the completed project. groundwater and foundations. Sustainability (see also Green Architecture) – Design and construction that seeks to minimize impacts on the environment by incorporating ecologically sound building practices as well as conservation of natural resources. the lead agency also approves contracts and budgets. The geotechnical engineer is responsible for determining that the ground will support the project safely. legal requirements and reports are prepared appropriately. CEQA – California Environmental Quality Act -. We have contracted with a joint venture of three companies. Areas studied include . In our case. This can include trees. This is done to determine the stability of the site and what. The master plan includes all new and renovated buildings and also would include any changes to the program or services provided by Rio Hondo College. if anything. the proposed renovation and building program for the campus and programs of Rio Hondo College. In our case. Landscape Architect – The landscape architect is responsible for designing the natural environment of the project. Program Manager – The individual or entity responsible for overseeing the entire project. Green Architecture – Design that embraces energy conservation and minimal use of non-renewable resources. as well as native or indigenous plants and the environment in which they live. URS. Geotechnical Investigation (or Survey) – The process of evaluating the earth under the project site. plants.The California Environmental Quality Act is the legislation that requires construction projects to undergo a review to determine what impacts the project may have on its environment. This process generally takes 9 months to a year to complete.Geotechnical Engineer – An engineer who specializes in rock and soil mechanics. shrubs and flowers. needs to be done to reinforce the site prior to construction. Office of the State Architect (OSA) – The state agency that approves all design and construction plans for our project. in our case the Master Plan for Rio Hondo College. Environmental Evaluation Process: The Environmental Evaluation process determines the impacts a project will have on its environment. Del Terra Corporation and Summit Consulting (called the Rio Hondo Program Management Team) to perform this function. Karl Schrader has been assigned as the individual to lead the program management activity. Lead Agency – The legal entity that has final responsibility for the project.
or that mitigations cannot minimize environmental impacts to acceptable levels. population and housing. The environment is analyzed and the Draft Environmental Impact Report is prepared by a contractor expert in studying project impacts. the Master Plan for Rio Hondo College requires a full environmental impact report. transportation and traffic.air and water quality. When the EIR is certified. lists potential negative impacts of the project on the environment and suggests measures that can be taken to minimize the impacts of the project. This is generally done through newspaper notices and announcements at public meetings of the certifying agency. Public Hearing – The certification hearing of the Environmental Impact Report must be held before the public. Public Comment Period (or Comment Period) – The set time after the Draft Environmental Impact Report is released during which members of the public and others can offer comments on the adequacy of the EIR and the mitigations suggested. For the project to proceed. noise. public services. cultural resources. must hold a noticed public hearing at which the EIR is legally declared to have been properly prepared and the mitigations required are adequate to ameliorate any significant negative changes in the environment. mitigations will have to be included in the project to minimize environmental impacts to the point where they are at acceptable levels. Certification – The process where the lead agency warrants that the Environmental Impact Report has been prepared in accordance with CEQA. Certification also includes acknowledgement that. Draft Environmental Impact Report – The first document prepared by the environmental consultants. the lead agency. if necessary. The public must be legally notified of the existence of the report. This period must be a minimum of 45 days and can be extended to allow the public more time to understand and comment on the report. Initial Study – The first technical assessment of the potential environmental impacts made to determine the extent of environmental review required by the project. aesthetics. . Mitigation (or Mitigations) – Those measures that are identified in the Environmental Impact Report that can be taken to minimize or lessen the impacts a project may have on the environment. in our case the Board of Trustees of Rio Hondo College. The initial study determines the level of environmental review a project requires. these are required to be done as part of the project and a condition of approval. Final Environmental Impact Report – The finally certified Environmental Impact Report that legally defines the project and lists required mitigations to minimize any adverse impacts from the project. biological resources. recreation. The Draft EIR identifies the project being proposed. Because of its size and scope.
Boring – Drilling into the ground to extract samples of earth for testing. CAD – Computer Aided Design CADD – Computer Aided Design and Drafting Cantilever – Appendages. Generally. landscaping and fixtures. Value Engineering – A process whereby the project is evaluated on a financial basis by technical specialists with the intent to reduce costs without compromising usability or quality of construction. excavation and fabrication of physical improvements. secured by the bidder.Scoping session – The public meeting where the extent of the environmental reviews required by the project is discussed and those attending can ask that particular concerns are addressed or specific aspects of the project be studied. that guarantees that the bidder selected will perform the work for the price agreed upon in the accepted bid. Cast-in-place Concrete – Concrete that is poured in its intended location site. that hang perpendicular to the vertical walls without additional support. . Arbitration – A proceeding for resolution of disputes in which a neutral person or panel hears evidence from both sides then makes a final and binding decision resolving the dispute. Construction: The period during which the project is built. Technically. such as roof eaves. Bid bond – A bond. British Thermal Unit (BTU) – A measure of the heat. Bollard – A small post set up to prevent vehicular access or to protect property from damage. This includes any demolition. contracts to work on large-scale projects are determined through a competitive bidding process where qualifications and costs are weighed by those proposing to perform the work and the most qualified and / or most competitively priced bidder is chosen to perform the work. Bid – A proposal or offer to perform a task for a determined amount of money. the amount of heat required to raise one pound one degree Fahernheit. Bid (or Bidding) Documents – The bidding requirements and proposed contract documents issued prior to the receipt of bids.
Construction Documents – All drawings.A method of construction management that involves a continuous design-construction operation. General Contractor – A prime contractor or general construction. addenda. The contract sum and time may be changed only by change order.A written and signed document between the owner and the contractor authorizing a change in the work or an adjustment in the contract sum or time. costs to the project. Conduit – A protective sleeve or pipe typically used for installing electrical wiring. Contingency (or Project Contingency) – Funds set aside to cover any additional. and any other items specifically stipulated as being included in the contract documents. as when a prime or main contractor starts the construction work before the plans and specifications are complete. The general contractor may do all or most of the work themselves or hire other companies to do some aspects of the work. any general. specifications. either as an advisor or consultant. Fast Track Construction (Fast Tracking) -. E&O insurance indemnifies against losses caused by professional negligence of the architect.” Completion Bond – A bond guaranteeing that the project will be completed. Falsework – Shoring and forms that hold concrete in the proper shape as it hardens. supplementary or other contract conditions. all addenda issued prior to execution of the contract. engineer or contractor. The company or individual responsible for all construction. The construction manager oversees the work of the contractors. unforeseen.Change Order -. or less compensation or time known as a “Deduction. . A change order may be in the form of additional compensation or time. The entity or individual responsible for the overall construction of the project. Form – Temporary structures built to contain concrete while it sets. E&O Insurance (Errors and Omissions insurance) – Insurance that is taken to protect the owner in the event a component is incorrectly fabricated or left out of the project. the drawings and specifications. (Also called reserve or reserves) Contract Documents – All executed agreements between the owner and contractor. and other pertinent construction information associated with the construction of a specific project. Construction Manager – A person or entity who manages the construction project.
Precast – Concrete or other material that is poured and set at a site different that where it will be installed. Environmental comfort control systems in a building. The prime contractor is usually hired by the owner and in turn hires subcontractors to perform some or all of the tasks required to complete the project. OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration) – The federal regulatory agency charged with oversight to maintain a safe environment for workers. Indemnification (or Indemnity) – A contractual obligation by which a person or entity agrees to reimburse others for damage or loss arising from specific liabilities. as may be necessary to complete a project. often used to strengthen concrete. Prime Contractor (the “Prime”) – The general contractor responsible for overall construction of the project.The written material containing the minimum acceptable standards and actions.The plastic material used to make conduit. Reserves – Funds set aside to cover unanticipated costs to the project.HVAC – Heating.) Performance Bond – A bond secured by a contractor that guarantees payment to complete the project if the contractor defaults for any reason. Rebar – Reinforcing bars. Liability – Legal responsibility. These are typically installed by one company that specializes in this type of work. Mylar – Clear plastic sheeting. PVC – Poly Vinyl Chloride -. Negligence – Failure to use due care. Notice to Proceed – Official approval to begin work. (CalOSHA is the California state equivalent. . Indirect costs can include oversight costs by the lead agency. Performance Specifications -. Murphy’s Law – Anything that can go wrong will go wrong. Lien – A legal claim by one party against another for money. ventilation and air conditioning. Indirect costs – All costs which cannot be directly attributes to an individual component of the project. pipes and fittings.
Single Prime Contract -. building demolition.RFP (Request for Proposals) – An official invitation to bid on a project. plumbing and other systems work. Specifications (Specs) -. RFQ (Request for Qualifications) – An official invitation to submit contractor experience and documentation that the contractor is able to perform the work requested. electrical. Seismic – Relating to earthquakes. . that are hired by the general contractor to perform work required for the project. Subcontractors – Companies. Subcontractors are usually hired to perform services such as excavation. An RFP usually includes the project specifications and the work anticipated to be done by the contractor(s). Surety Bond – A bond that guarantees completion of a project. Shim – A piece placed between to objects to maintain or adjust the distance between them. Specific Performance – Performance of a legal contract in accordance with its terms. Structural Engineer – A civil engineer who specializes in design and analysis of buildings. Technobabble – Incomprehensible technical jargon. Sustainability – To design and construct a project according to environmentally sound principles. In this process. The winning contractor then enters into a series of subcontract agreements to complete the work. This step is sometimes used to ensure invited bidders are able to do the work before an RFP is issued.The most common form of construction contracting. the bidding documents are prepared by the architect/engineer for the owner and made available to a number of qualified bidders. often with particular specialties. exact statement of particulars – especially statements prescribing materials and methods – and quality of work for a specific project. Survey – To examine the project site to determine the physical characteristics of the site.A detailed. See also Performance Bond.
what the contractors.csinet.com/glossary/) CSI Glossary of Terms (http://www.com/jokes/contractors%20info. For more detailed or specific definitions.Topography – The form of the terrain.homebuildingmanual.asp?TRACKID=&CID=248&DID=5049) National Contractors Referrals and License Bureau (http://www. Torque – Twisting or turning action or energy.contractorreferral. consultants and planners really say and think: http://www.com/cgi-bin/glossary/glossary.albany.org/s_csi/sec.pl?TERM=E) Construction Risk Management (http://www.shtml http://www. amphitheater or stadium.htm http://www. Zoning – Government regulations regarding the use of land. In construction.html http://pintday.com/Glossary. architects.html . including surface features and ground elevation. Warranty – The promise that something is true.com/Reference_Library/BC_Glossary_01.htm) And.azcontractorschoolonline.net/~sadowsky/archi.crisk.com/rhf/jokes/91q2/contract.netfunny. Vomitory – The entrance or exit to a theater.org/funny/architecturalterms. please check the following links: Arizona Construction School (http://www.htm) Home Building Manual (http://www. the promise that work was done correctly and will last the specified period of time.mrknowitall. builders.
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