True/False Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false. ____ 1. Testing concept review. People start to interact with those around them when they are teen-agers. ____ 2. Testing concept review. A particular communication is successful if the others are willing to understand and decode a message as well. ____ 3. Testing concept review. When interacting the meaning is always one-sided. ____ 4. Testing concept review. Body language is another way of conveying meaning to people around us. ____ 5. Testing concept review. School offers a systematic practice in a great range of communicative activities. ____ 6. Testing concept review. Assertiveness supposes being anxious and passive. ____ 7. Testing concept review. Socialization is the lifelong process of social interaction that can transform an infant into a child thirsting for knowledge, perhaps a rebellious teenager, a worker, a spouse, and parent, and eventually into an elder member of society. ____ 8. Testing concept review. There aren’t too many changes that people undergo as they mature and grow older. ____ 9. Testing concept review. Social Darwinists (and others) argued that a person’s character and position in society is determined by experience. ____ 10. Testing concept review. Contemporary sociologists see development as a results of the interaction of genetic potential and socially derived factors. ____ 11. Testing concept review.

If human behaviour were genetically determined, children would develop characteristically human behaviour patterns, with or without social interaction; and males and females in one culture would behave in much the same way as their counterparts in another. ____ 12. Testing concept review. The psychologist Erik Erikson was primarily interested in personality: how the individual develops characteristic ways of thinking and behaving. ____ 13. Testing concept review. Contemporary sociologists interested in social development, try to determine how social interaction shapes the individual’s identity or sense of self. ____ 14. Testing concept review. Some contemporary sociologists showed that our self-images are largely a reaction to what we see in other people’s responses toward us (the looking-glass self) ____ 15. Testing concept review. Almost all contemporary sociologists saw socialization as a cooperative effort in which the individual develops a sense of self in relationship to others, and society is recreated as a generalized other in the individual’s mind. ____ 16. Testing concept review. There are five primary agents of socialization that operate both independently and interdependently: the family, school, peer groups, mass media, and refernce groups. ____ 17. Testing concept review. The family is perhaps the weakest basic agent of socialization in that it is the last, and possibly the least impüportant influence on the individual. ____ 18. Testing concept review. Parents socialize their children into the world they know, the one into which they (the parents) have been socialized, and with which they are most comfortable. ____ 19. Testing concept review. The school does not give youngsters experience in dealing with a large, bureaucratic organization in which the same rules are not supposed to apply to everyone and individuals are valued in terms of their appearance. ____ 20. Testing concept review. Peers provide young people with their first experience with egalitarian relationships, opportunities to test what they are taught by adults, and group support for developing alternative norms and values. ____ 21. Testing concept review. The mass media (especially television) represent the most important agent of socialization, never controversial. ____ 22. Testing concept review.

There is evidence that violence or primetime programmes encourages aggressive behaviour and that commercials promote sex stereotyping. ____ 23. Testing concept review. Television can never encourage pro-social behaviour and provide positive models. ____ 24. Testing concept review. Reference groups (positive or negative) are used by individuals both as models and as measures of self-worth as they move through the life cycle. ____ 25. Testing concept review. Contemporary psychologists examined systematically the changes people undergo following adolescence and they viewed several stages in life as presenting new crises that require new adjustments. Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. ____ 26. Testing meaning. Choose the best synonym: Better communicating means better understanding of ourselves and others; less isolationn from around us and more PRODUCTIVE, happy lives. a. prolific b. creative c. dynamic d. gainful ____ 27. Testing meaning. Choose the best synonym: We learn very soonn that the success of a particular communication strategy depends on the WILLINGNESS of others to understand and on the interpretation they give to our meaning. a. tendency b. idiosyncrasy c. consent d. obedience ____ 28. Testing meaning. Choose the best synonym: Whereas a baby’s cry will be enough to bring a mother running with a clean nappy and warm milk in one instance, it may produce no RESPONSE at all in another. a. feedback b. answer c. reaction d. return ____ 29. Testing meaning. Choose the best synonym:

Formal TRAINING in the classroom affords us an opportunity to gain systematic practice in an even greater range of communicative activities. a. cultivation b. education c. indoctrination d. practice ____ 30. Testing grammar. Choose the right solution: 1. I regret they don’t take my proposal into account a. I wish they have taken my proposal into account b. I wish they took my proposal into account a. I wish she didn’t complain about everything b. I wish she doesn’t complain about everything a. I wish to receive more letters b. I wish I received more letters a. They wish they have attended the lecture b. They wish they had attended the lecture

2. She often complains about everything 3. I don’t receive many letters

4. They didn’t attend the lecture

a. 1b, 2a, 3b, 4b b. 1a, 2a, 3a, 4b c. 1b, 2b, 3a, 4a ____ 31. Testing concept review Most social scientists today agree with the statement: a. Human behaviour is largely determined by genes, acting independently of the Environment b. Human behaviour is largely determined by experience and learning, acting Independently of genes c. Genes and environment interact in the process of human development d. Genes and environment have little effect on human development, which is the result of socialization ____ 32. Testing concept review The agent of socialization that functions to remove young people from the idea that whatever they do is special is: a. the family b. the peer group c. the school d. the mass media ____ 33. Testing concept review One of the primary differences between peers and parents as agents of socialization is taht: a. peers engage in open conflict

b. peer relationships are egalitarian c. peers and parents have different, conflicting values d. peers are more amusing ____ 34. Testing concept review The looking-glass self consists of: a. how we image others see us b. how we image judge us c. how we feel about the reactions of others d. all of the above ____ 35. Testing concept review Young people ``play`` at being mothers and fathers, cops and robbers, Hollywood stars and sports heroes. All of these examples of role playing illustrate: a. the generalized other b. learning to play the game c. anticipatory socialization d. id impulses ____ 36. Testing concept review Some researchers maintain that the female equivalent of the male midlife crisis is: a. divorce b. looking for a lover c. the empty nest syndrome d. remarriage ____ 37. Testing concept review Which of the following is NOT one of the problems associated with prime-time T.V.: a. the great majority of programmes reinforce widely held values b. advertising tends to reinforce stereotypes c. TV alters the traditional influences of the family,friends, and school d. TV alters traditional socialization patterns ____ 38. Testing concept review Studies of unfortunate children who have been reared in near-total isolation show they: a. behave like animals b. never recover from the experience c. develop normally without interaction d. catch up with others their age if given proper nutrition and tender care ____ 39. Testing concept review Some sociologists saw one of the major psychological tasks of childhood as achieving a. identity b. industry

c. intimacy d. integrity ____ 40. Testing concept review. Case study. Ms.Lara Brown is thirty-four years old and vice president of a bank.Her friends think of her as one of the most successful career women they know. Suddenly, she finds herself looking at babies and wondering if the man she is dating will propose. Ms. Lara Brown is: a. thinking about settling down b. experiencing role confusion c. going through an identity crisis d. experiencing a midlife crisis ____ 41. Testing concept review. Case study. Jim’s father is a senior partner in a large London law firm; his mother is head of a school. Most of their friends are as successful and career-oriented as they are; Jim has no interest in what he sees outside his home; he wants to be a cabinet-maker.His parents and their circle of friends serve as a: a. primary group b. looking-glass self c. anticipatory socialization d. positive reference group ____ 42. Testing comprehension. Read the text below and specify what type of holiday the speaker likes and the reasons why: ``Well, my perfect kind of holiday is a walking holiday in beautiful, sunny hilltops around the Mediterranean.......I’d say the South of France or......er.......perhaps Spain or Northern Majorca, p’haps the hills round Tuscany. Beautiful, beautiful countryside, walking, drinking, sleeping, lovely...........`` a. walking holiday, beautiful mountains, making friends b. walking holiday, beautiful countryside, walking, drinking, sleeping c. quiet holiday, beautiful countryside, sleeping d. quiet holiday, drinking, sleeping ____ 43. Testing comprehension.Read the text below and specify the type of holiday the speaker likes and the reasons why: ``I go to my friend’s cabin in Northern Vermont near the Canadian border, park the car, walk about five miles. Nearest civilisation is a little country store with a wood stove, storekeeper with a check shirt, and you have to really go out of your way to see people.`` a. cabin near the country store, making friends with a storekeeper b. rustic holiday, 5 miles from the country store c. cabin in the countryside, being away from other people and from civilisation d. in Canada, with a friend to his cabin ____ 44. Testing comprehension.Read the text below and specify the type of holiday the speaker likes and the reasons why:

``I like contrasts, so I love sailing and being completely isolated, just the wind blowing and the sea and the colours of the sky, and then arriving somewhere in the evening and joining people and then being able to get away from them again so you can relax in two different environments......`` a. sailing in contrasting environments b. sailing holiday; relaxing in contrasting environments c. sailing against the wind; joining people in the evening d. being isolated on the sea; arriving somewhere in the evening and joining people ____ 45. Testing comprehension. Choose the good answer after you read the conversation: ``Could you please book me on the next flight out to London? - I’m sorry, Sir. Continental doesn’t fly to Boston.Why don’t you try Delta or Lufthansa?`` a. He will probably go by car to Boston b. Perhaps he won’t go to Boston any longer c. He will probably get a ticket for a flight on Delta or Lufthansa d. He will probably give up going by plane ____ 46. Testind reading comprehension. What is the advertisement about? ``During this Holiday Season you’ll be glad that you took pictures.Go, get your Kodak Color film to Foto-land; this week only, two rolls for $3.25.Remember,good pictures start with good films, and Kodak Color is the best! a. Free service b. Film and film processing c. Pictures taken in December d. Foto-Land ____ 47. Testing vocabulary. Replace the underlined word by a synonymous one: The coach CONCEALEDhis disappontment when he wasn’tinvited to the party. a. stated b. hid c. dropped d. remembered ____ 48. Mark the correct meaning of the sentence: Betty sold her uncle’s boat after his death. a. Betty’s uncle went away b. Betty’s uncle died c. Betty’s uncle disappeared d. Betty’s uncle got married ____ 49. Mark the correct meaning of the sentence: Not one football player has bought enough insurance. a. None of the players is sufficiently insured b. None of the players has enough contracts c. The players are concerned about their insurance

d. The footballers are not allowed to play ____ 50. Mark the correct meaning of the sentence: George gets better grades in sport than he does in English. a. George’s grades in English are not so good as his grades in sport b. George’s best grades are in sport c. Sport is George’s favourite occupation d. George is not so good in English as he is in sport ____ 51. Testing grammar. a. The duties of the new secretary are to answer the phone, to type letters, and the bookkeeping. b. The duties of the new secretary are to answer the phone, to type letters, and to do the bookkeeping. ____ 52. Testing grammar. a. The members of the team are young, enthousiastic, and have talent. b. The members of the team are young, enthousiastic and talented. ____ 53. Testing grammar. Choose the correct tense to complete the sentense: What did you tell the shop assistant when your turn...........? a. comes b. has come c. had come d. came ____ 54. Testing grammar. Choose the correct tense to complete the sentence: Don’t hesitate! Buy these shoes! They ............very well. a. is worn b. are worn c. wears d. wear ____ 55. Testing grammar.Choose the correct tenses to complete the sentence: They (1)...........they (2)................to leave for France at the beginning of August. 1. a. say b. will say c. said d. has said 2. a. had gone b.went c. were going d. would go a. 1c, 2c

b. 1b, 2c c. 1a, 2b d. 1c, 2d ____ 56. Testing concept review. A major difference between human cultures and other animals’ ``designs for living`` is that culture: a. b. c. d. is based on instincts is a form of adaptation is transmitted through learning depends on communication

Completion Complete each sentence or statement. 57. Testing grammar. Choose the best tense to complete each sentence: Sally TOLD/TOLD ME/WILL TELL ME/WOULD TELL me she had lost the catalogue. This is confidential, please don’t SAY/TELL/SAID/YOU SAID anything about it. This is confidential, please don’t SAY/TELL/SAID/YOU SAY anyone about it. I SAID/TOLD/DO SAID/DO TOLD them about the meal, and they SAID/TOLD/DO SAID/DO TOLD they would come. 5. ``You see``, TOLD/SAID/WILL TELL/WILL SAY Steve, ``I always TOLD/SAID/WILL TELL/WILL SAY you would get a promotion. 58. Testing grammar.Choose the right verbal form: 1. ``When will you let us know your decision?`` , they asked me. They asked me when I WILL/WOULD/WILL HAVE let them know my decision. 2. ``Are you feeling all right?``, she asked me. She asked me if I AM/HAD BEEN/WAS FEELING all right. 3. ``Do you know the author?``, he asked me. He asked me if I KNOW/HAVE KNOWN/KNEW the author. 4. ``Why has it taken so long?``, he asked. He asked me why it HAS TAKEN/TOOK/HAD TAKEN so long. 59. Testing grammar. Choose the proper verb: 1. You must / needn’t save a file before you turn the computer off, or you will lose it. 2. I’m afraid this is a non-smoking office, so you haven’t got to / can’t smoke in here. 3. You mustn’t / don’t have to come to the meeting if you have more important things to do. Matching Testing comprehension.Match the elements of communication with the types of communication: a. being able to chatter in any situations, understanding and being understood b. practicing to speak fluently, clearly and confidently when stating views 1. 2. 3. 4.

c. using your hands, body, voice and face to send messages d. conveyance of meaning in unfamiliar contexts requires practice in the use of the appropriate register or style of speech ____ ____ ____ ____ 60. 61. 62. 63. Awareness of body language Technical jargon Learning to take turns in talking Assertiveness training Testing grammar.Match the sentence to the corresponding sentences 1-4: a. b. c. d. ____ ____ ____ ____ 64. 65. 66. 67. If only he would come If only I had met her before If only I knew the definition If only he hadn’t been so hasty

I haven’t a clue about it. If he hadn’t been so impatient, he would have been better appreciated I wish he would come I wish I had met her before Testing concept review. Match the words with the definitions: a. Learning about and practicing a new role before one is in a position to play that role b. The individual’s sense of identity or ``Who I am`` c. An individual, group, or organization that influences a person’s behaviour and sense of self d. the process whereby one acquires a sense of personal identity and learns what people in the surrounding culture believe and how they expect one to behave

____ ____ ____ ____

68. 69. 70. 71.

Socialization agent of socialization anticipatory socialization self Testing concept review. Match the words with the definitions: a. a group or social category that an individual uses as a guide in developing his/her values, attitudes, behaviour, and self-image b. a group that a person rejects and does not want to join in the future c. the images we have of ourselves, based upon our observations of how other people react toward us d. the individual’s patterns of behaviour or thought e. a group that a person would like to join in the future

____ ____ ____ ____ ____

72. 73. 74. 75. 76.

personality looking-glass self reference group positive reference group negative reference group

Testing concept review. Match the words with the definitions: a. term for the internalized image of the structure and norms of society as a whole b. the rational part of the personality that serves as a mediator c. people whose evolutions a person holds in high esteem ____ 77. significant others ____ 78. generalized other ____ 79. ego Testing concept review. Match the words with the definitions: a. the dissatisfaction and depression women may feel at midlife when their children leave home and their husbands are still engrossed in careers b. the reservoir of innate, primitive, asocial, sexual, and aggressive urges with which a child is born c. the turmoil that may affect individual’s life during middle-age d. the inability to reconcile the image one has of her/ himself with actual skills, potential and activities, or with the image she/he has based on other people’s expectations ____ ____ ____ ____ 80. 81. 82. 83. identity crisis midlife crisis empty nest syndrome id Testing grammar. Match the actual sentences with the reported statements: a. b. c. d. e. ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ 84. 85. 86. 87. 88. I remarked it wasn’t so foggy that day as it had been a day before. She said one day she would go away and they would be sorry. He pointed out I hadn’t paid him quite enough. The boy said he was going fishing that Afternoon The builders explained they liked working on Sundays because they got double pay.

`We like working on Sundays because we get double pay,`` explained the buiders. ``I’m going fishing this afternoon said the boy. `It isn’t so foggy today as it was yesterday``, I remarked. ``You haven’t paid me quite enough``, he pointed out. ``One day I``ll go away and you’ll be sorry``, she said Testing grammar. Match the following commands and requests to the reported forms: a. b. c. d. e. He told me not to use bent coins in a slot machine. She asked for a cup of coffee He asked me to sign the book. He asked me not to smoke. He told me to sit down.

____ ____ ____ ____

89. 90. 91. 92.

``Sit down`` ``Please don’t smoke`` ``Don’t use bent coins in a slot machine`` ``Could you sign the book please?``

____ 93. ``Could I have a cup of coffee?`` Testing conceptual vocabulary. Match the words to the definitions: a. b. c. d. e. ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ 94. 95. 96. 97. 98. tension troubled and uneasy in mind frequent absence from work or school unable to relax, nervous pressure

stress absenteeism tense strain anxious Testing vocabulary. Match the words to the words to form collocations (words that go together) : a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. disappointed your batteries fitness hopes airports relationships circle Flights

____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____

99. 100. 101. 102. 103. 104. 105. 106.

family vicious crowded delayed physical deeply recharge high Testing grammar. Match the words and phrases with similar meanings: a. b. c. d. e. f. doesn’t fall over easily don’t take up much space unfavourable changes not loud strongly made easy to pick up and carry

____ ____ ____ ____ ____

107. 108. 109. 110. 111.

low voice portable typewriters high stability robust construction compact things

____ 112. adverse effects Testing grammar. Match the adjectives with the descriptions: a. b. c. d. ____ ____ ____ ____ 113. 114. 115. 116. a sudden, very large change a sudden, large change a very small change a regular change (not sudden)

slight sharp dramatic steady Testing grammar. Match to the conclusions 1-3: a. He is going to leave the company b. We are going to be late c. It is going to go bankrupt

____ 117. The company is in serious financial difficulty. ____ 118. My boss is looking for another job. ____ 119. We should have left much earlier. Testing vocabulary.Match the adjectives from job advertisements with the good explanations to show your abilities: If you are: a. b. c. d. e. ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ 120. 121. 122. 123. 124. you can adapt to changing circumstances you can make others see your viewpoint you can find practical solutions you can speak two languages you can think clearly

bilingual logical flexible persuasive pragmatic

Short Answer 125. Testing comprehension. Fill in the blanks in the following text with the words listed below.Modify their form if necessary: Anxiety, communication, needs, aggressive, wishes, assertive, passive, feelings, negotiate, win, self-confidence

Over the past few years, many people have learned another way of behaving, a middle course between being (1)........or(2), the (3).......way. It is a way of communicating clearly one’s (4)....., (5).......and/or (6).......while at the same tome respecting the needs, wishes and feelings of others. It is not about (7)........all the time, rather more about (8)......life without constant (9).......or lack of (10)........ .It is usually a more appropriate and a more effective form of (11)........