Metric Plans Preparation Manual Update

(on this website only)
Only the As-built section of the Metric Plans Preparation Manual will be updated. All other changes (text or Plan Sheet Examples) will only be made to the English Plans Preparation Manual. In the As-built section, the old Table of Contents entry was lined out and noted as "Superseded". There is a link to the updated section. The link to the superseded section was disabled. A big, red X was placed on the superseded As-built section. Updated pages have a red "T" before the page number, signifying that it is a temporary page number. An Errata was done to reflect a change to the updated As-built section. Link to Section 2 Table of Contents Last updated June 14, 2006

STATE OF CALIFORNIA DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

Plans Preparation Manual

Caltrans

etric

Caltrans etric

Plans Preparation Manual
June 2001 FOREWORD

Foreword

This manual is not intended for use as a textbook or a substitute for engineering knowledge, experience, or judgment. It establishes uniform standards and procedures to use when preparing right of way maps, informational exhibits, application exhibits, and the development of project plans. The uses for and contents of the various drawings are described and, in most cases, illustrated by examples. This manual also seeks to acquaint the user with the use of the Metric System in engineering drawing preparation.

PLANS PREPARATION MANUAL
ISSUED BY

STATE OF CALIFORNIA BUSINESS, TRANSPORTATION AND HOUSING AGENCY DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION DIVISION OF ENGINEERING SERVICES OFFICE OF OFFICE ENGINEER

Current price for additional copies of this manual may be obtained by writing STATE OF CALIFORNIA DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION GENERAL PUBLICATION DISTRIBUTION UNIT 1900 ROYAL OAKS DRIVE SACRAMENTO, CALIFORNIA 95815-3800 Telephone (916) 445-3520 FAX (916) 324-8997 Website Address: http://caltrans-opac.ca.gov/publicat.htm Information concerning the contents of this manual may be obtained by writing STATE OF CALIFORNIA DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION DIVISION OF ENGINEERING SERVICES OFFICE OF OFFICE ENGINEER 1727 - 30th STREET SACRAMENTO, CALIFORNIA 95816 Website Address: http://www.dot.ca.gov/hq/esc/oe
Editor: John L. Gizinos, DES-OE, June 2001

Caltrans etric

Plans Preparation Manual
June 2001 TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION 1 SECTION 2 SECTION 3 SECTION 4 SECTION 5 ENGINEERING CADD DRAWING BASICS PROJECT PLANS PRELIMINARY PROJECT DEVELOPMENT DRAWINGS RIGHT OF WAY ENGINEERING MAPPING ERGONOMICS

Table of Contents

The format of this manual has been revised such that the contents are suitable for insertion in a binder. The text portion of the manual is mostly in a 216 mm x 279 mm (8 1/2" x 11") size, while most plan sheet samples are in a 279 mm x 432 mm (11" x 17") foldout size.

ATTENTION IS DIRECTED TO SECTION 2-1.3 OF THIS MANUAL REGARDING USE OF THE METRIC SYSTEM IN THE PREPARATION OF PLANS.

Caltrans etric

Plans Preparation Manual
June 2001 TABLE OF CONTENTS

Section 1 - Engineering CADD Drawing Basics

SECTION

PAGE NO.

1-1. GENERAL ....................................................................................................................... 1-1 1-1.1 Purpose ...................................................................................................................... 1-1 1-1.2 Types of Engineering CADD Drawings .................................................................... 1-1 1-2. CADD DRAWING STANDARDS ................................................................................. 1-1 1-2.1 Line Work .................................................................................................................. 1-1 1-2.2 Lettering Standards .................................................................................................... 1-1 1-2.3 Shading and Coloring ................................................................................................ 1-1 1-3. PLANNING THE CADD DRAWING ........................................................................... 1-1 1-3.1 General ....................................................................................................................... 1-1 1-3.2 Scales ......................................................................................................................... 1-2 1-3.3 Arranging the CADD Drawing .................................................................................. 1-2 1-3.4 CADD Drawing Order ............................................................................................... 1-2 1-3.5 CADD Drawing Data ................................................................................................ 1-2

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1-2. and other less important details. Nongeographical oriented drawings generally have graphical elements which describe the spatial relationship of an object or planned construction without a direct relationship to specific on-ground locations.1 General To be effective.1 Purpose The purpose of this Section is to acquaint the user with the procedures and standards used for the preparation of CADD engineering drawings. page 2-231 1-1 . base lines. (2) Reading Direction (a) Horizontal Line: Read left to right. Geographical oriented drawings have graphical elements (lines. and the basic outline of objects. page 2-71. accurate. page 2-1. see Section 3-1. complete.2 Types of Engineering CADD Drawings Engineering drawings are generally categorized into two types . a working drawing and a plan.geographical oriented and nongeographical oriented.E) locations. 1-1. For example. symbols) located on the drawing by their on-ground horizontal (N. Examples are center lines. Dashed or dotted lines are used to distinguish existing from proposed work.2 Lettering Standards (1) Size Refer to Section 2. (b) Vertical Lines: Read bottom to top. (c) Diagonals: Read left to right. Medium weight lines are used for proposed construction and right of way. Line widths are varied to distinguish certain classes of features from others. It is a graphic set of instructions. Return to Section 1 Table of Contents.3 Shading and Coloring Shading and coloring of engineering drawings is not recommended and is not acceptable on project plans.Engineering CADD Drawing Basics June 2001 Engineering CADD Drawing Basics 1-2. construction layout lines.6 of the CADD User’s Manual and the EZ Guide for lettering sizes and fonts.Caltrans Section 1 Plans Preparation Manual Plans Preparation Manual Section 1 .2 through 3-1. The more basic outlining features are emphasized with heavier (wider) lines. Line quality is extremely important to the readability of CADD drawings. concise. 1-3 PLANNING THE CADD DRAWING 1-3. Light lines are used for existing t o p o g r a p h y. Refer to the CADD User’s Manual and the EZ Guide. An example is a detail drawing for a drainage inlet. an engineering CADD drawing must be clear. 1-2 CADD DRAWING STANDARDS The standards given in this manual are primarily intended to improve CADD drawing quality and readability. d i mensioning. 1-2. easily understood. and functional.5 of this manual.1 Line Work etric 1-1 GENERAL 1-1. a layout sheet is geographically oriented. For a description of the information that determines what is a map.

etric June 2001 Topographic symbols are shown on Standard Plan A10B. Refer to Section 2. If objects of different sizes are to be shown on the same engineering CADD drawing sheet. If less detail is needed use 1:000 scale. scanned maps. ditches and drains • Bridges and culverts • Utilities (railroads. the detail for each object may be drawn to a different scale to provide a balanced appearance. For minimum interference. 559 mm x 864 mm (22” x 34”) trim line dimensions.4 of the CADD User’s Manual. (4) Lettering. and other data should be positioned to present the most understandable picture. (2) Existing Topography (line work only) • Roads and streets • Driveways. To measure the actual length of an element in a given plotted scale. or overlays as “levels”. Caltrans base scale is 1:500. 1-3. Each type of drawing involves different preparation procedures.Engineering CADD Drawing Basics 1-3. 1-3. Existing topography may be provided by aerial photography. Most plan sheets will use the 1:500 scale border sheets. digitized maps or maps from ground surveys. Data. notes. For example. there is no prescribed order to prepare a CADD drawing. it must be plotted at the standard sheet size.Caltrans Plans Preparation Manual Section 1 . The CADD system defines the various layers of similar data. work should generally follow this procedure: (1) Basic Control Lines • Center lines • Radial lines • Station tick marks and figures • Other construction lines • Right of way lines 1-3. poles. the lines representing the length of the object may be broken and the dimensions indicated on the drawing.3 Arranging the CADD Drawing When preparing the engineering CADD drawings. and pipelines) • Land lines • Fences and gates • Buildings • Trees and shrubs. Notes and other data should be placed outside the right of way.2 Scales Recommended scale for project plans and other drawings is discussed in Section 2 (Table 2-1.5 CADD Drawing Data CADD permits the separation of drawing data by kind of data. If an object is cross-sectionally uniform and the full length of the object can not be shown at the scale being used. Geographical drawings are created by combining levels of data from a master drawing. Labels. Labels.4 CADD Drawing Order Generally. and Notes • Beginning of curves (BC’s) and end of curve (EC’s) • Curve data • Equations • Tangent bearings and lengths • Land lines • General topography • Street and road names • Construction line designation • North arrow • Construction notes • Sheet references and title. To show greater detail use 1:200 scale. Construction and cadastral symbols are shown on Standard Plan A10B. it is important that the physical features be drawn in exact position. the area within the right of way may be required for data pertinent to construction. (3) Planned Construction Features (line work only) • Roadways • Drainage • Substructures • Miscellaneous items. dimensions.3A) of this manual. walks and curbs • Streams. Return to Section 1 Table of Contents 1-2 .

.............................................................................. 2-109 2-2........... 2-1 2-1..................................................................................................................................................... 2-1 2-1........6 Temporary Water Pollution Control Plans and Details ...................1(D) Listing of Title Sheet Examples .................................................. 2-36 2-2.....................................4 Layouts. Details and Quantities ............................................................................................... Profiles..... and Plan Order ........................................ 2-95 2-2..........................3 Use of the Metric System ..2(A) Project Plan Sheet Formats ....2(C) Project Identification Blocks and County Abbreviations ... and Quantities .......... 2-105 2-2...............................................6 Use of Standard Plans ............................................. 2-1.............5 Construction Details ..Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 TABLE OF CONTENTS Section 2 .................................7 Contour Grading Plans .....1 Purpose ................ 2-31 2-2.. 2-16 2-1.............................. 2-125 2-2.............................................................. and Superelevation Diagrams ...........................................................................4 Project Plan Submittals ............2-119 2-2......................... 2-27 2-2.................................................................................. 2-101 2-2...................... 2-129 2-2...................1(A) Title Sheet Header .................................13 Utility Plans and Details .......................................................................................................................................................16 Construction Area Signs ...............................................................11 Drainage Quantities ........8 Drainage Plans ........................... Details......................................Project Plans SECTION PAGE NO.............................................. 2-12 2-1............. Traffic Handling Plans.................. 2-135 2-2.........14 Transportation Management Plans ............................................................................................ 2-31 2-2.............. 2-1 2-1. Profiles....................5 Project Plan File Formats...................................................1 Title Sheets ..............................................................................2 Typical Cross Sections .............. 2-59 2-2............................. 2-67 2-2........................ 2-71 2-2........15 Stage Construction...........................................................................3 Key Map and Line Index ........................................2-113 2-2........... 2-6 2-1........17 Pavement Delineation Plans.. Sheet Names....2(B) Electronic Plan Signatures and Project Development Names ...........................................................................................................2(D) Sheet Identification Codes...................................................1(C) Project Limits of Construction and Work ........ 2-91 2-2.... 2-97 2-2........................................................9 Drainage Profiles ................ and Detours ...................................................10 Drainage Details ..................................................................................................12 Sanitary Sewer Plans.... 2-29 2-2............................. GENERAL ............ 2-24 2-1............................................................... 2-37 2-2....................................... 2-1 2-1....... 2-27 2-1.1(B) Project Descriptions ......... 2-19 2-1.. 2-155 Return to Main Table of Contents .......................... 2-151 2-2.................. PROJECT PLAN SHEET .............. 2-29 2-2...........................................................SPECIFIC DATA AND EXAMPLES ....................2 General Standards ...........................

........... AS BUILT PLANS (Superseded).................................................. 2-232 2-3...............See Errata)........................ T2-231 2-3............................2-211 2-2.............SPECIFIC DATA AND SAMPLES (cont’d) 2-2..4 As-Builts (Roadway Plans).................. 2-2......................................1 Draft Contract Ready... 2-232 2-3.....................4 Projects Not on State Highways ................................ 2-175 2-2....................................................................................................... 2-193 2-2.............................. 2-231 2-3......................6 Projects Not on State Highways...... and Electrical System Plans and Details ............... 2-229 2-3... Details.........................................................T2-231 2-3.........................................20 Retaining Wall Plans....................18 Summary of Quantities .. 2-165 2-2.........................T2-232 2-3......... and Quantities ........ Details and Quantities .............1 General. Details.............................................................Project Plans SECTION etric June 2001 PAGE NO...........................................................T2-233 2-3................T2-233 Return to Main Table of Contents ......................................................19 Sign Plans................Caltrans Plans Preparation Manual Section 2 ...............................2 As Awarded..................5 As-Builts (Structure Plans)................25 Cross Sections (Roadway) ..................... 2-231 2-3............... and Quantities ....................... 2-187 2-2............................................2 Preparation Procedures (Roadway) .............................. 2-201 2-2........ 2-181 2-2......21 Sound Wall Plans........................................ AFTER PS&E (Updated 12/2/05 ......................................................T2-231 2-3......T2-231 2-3.............3 Contract Change Order.............2-231 2-3.................................................................................................................................................. ....... PROJECT PLAN SHEET ........................3 Preparation Procedures (Bridges and Structures)............................................ ........................................................... Lighting..........23 Signal..22 Planting and Irrigation Plans................................24 Structures (Bridge Plans and Details) .......................... Details and Quantities ............................

Project plans are to be based on the metric system. 2-1. 2-1 GENERAL 2-1. See Figures 2-1A and 2-1B for some of the sheet formats available. building. Additional standards and procedures for preparing CADD drawings are contained in the CADD Users Manual of Instructions. These plans become permanent records for future reference.2 General Standards Project plans shall be prepared following the standards set forth in this section. Line work shall conform to the requirements in Section 1-2. Lines and lettering must be of adequate size and weight to produce legible reproductions (copies).1 of this manual. Basic sheet configurations for full plan. This printed size is one-half of the standard sheet size used to develop the project plans. Final project plan sheets used for bidding. detail.3 for use of the metric system in plan preparation. Lettering sizes shall conform to the requirements in Section 1-2. Return to Section 2 Table of Contents.2 of this manual.2(A) Project Plan Sheet Formats Project plan sheet formats as contained in the Caltrans CADD Cell Library are to be used for project plan preparation. 2-1. building. CADD use shall be maximized for project plan preparation.Caltrans Section 2 Plans Preparation Manual Plans Preparation Manual Section 2 . and inspecting projects are printed in the 279 mm x 432 mm (11"x17") size. surveyors stake the contracts. and profile sheets are shown in Figures 2-1C and 2-1D. page 3-2 2-1 . and engineers inspect the contractors’ work. See Section 2-1. successful bidders construct projects. and inspecting the project.Project Plans June 2001 Project Plans etric Plan sheets in conjunction with other contract documents must contain all data necessary for bidding.1 Purpose Project plans are engineering CADD drawings which contain information from which contractors prepare bids. Caltrans symbols and abbreviations shown in the Standard Plans and Caltrans CADD Cell Library shall be used in the preparation of project plans.

Project Plans FIGURE 2-1A etric June 2001 BASIC PLAN SHEET FORMATS FOR THE PREPARATION OF PROJECT PLANS Return to Section 2 Table of Contents.Caltrans Plans Preparation Manual Section 2 . page 2-1 2-2 .

Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 FIGURE 2-1B Section 2 .Project Plans BASIC PLAN SHEET FORMATS FOR THE PREPARATION OF PROJECT PLANS Return to Section 2 Table of Contents. page 2-1 2-3 .

Project Plans FIGURE 2-1C etric June 2001 BASIC SHEET CONFIGURATION FULL PLAN SHEET OR DETAIL SHEET Return to Section 2 Table of Contents. page 2-1 2-4 .Caltrans Plans Preparation Manual Section 2 .

Project Plans BASIC SHEET CONFIGURATION COMBINATION OF PLAN AND PROFILE ON SAME SHEET Return to Section 2 Table of Contents.Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 FIGURE 2-1D Section 2 . page 2-1 2-5 .

See Figure 2-4 for project development names required on the title sheet of Caltrans prepared projects. (b) Title Sheet Project Development Names For projects prepared by Caltrans. The registrant’s signature and date signed shall be outside the registration seal and within the signature block on the line provided in the upper right hand corner of the sheet. The signature shall be electronically affixed to the plan sheet. signature. and in responsible charge for developing that plan. In all cases. etc. Only one license seal and number with associated signature shall appear on the sheet. electrical engineer. Printed names included in the name blocks shall not have any designation indicating professional status. The printed name. The printed name. See Figure 2-4 for project development names required on the title sheet of consultant or local agency prepared projects. The printed name. See Figure 2-5 for individual plan sheet signature and license seal information. and date of signature included in the name block spaces located in the lower left margin of the title sheet. Licensed traffic engineers are not authorized to seal and sign plans. registration number and license expiration date shall appear within the generic registration seal. “Traffic Engineer”. Only one license seal and number with associated signature shall appear on the sheet. The printed name of the project manager shall also be included as part of the name block information. other than title sheets.2(B) Electronic Plan Signatures and Project Development Names (a) Title Sheet Signatures . etric June 2001 (c) Structure General Plan Sheet Signature and Structure Development Names . The signature shall be electronically affixed to the title sheet. Return to Section 2 Table of Contents. Do not add job titles such as “Utility Engineer”. The signature of the Design Engineer and the printed names of individuals involved in the development of the general plan sheet are to be placed in the spaces provided along the bottom of the sheet. The signature shall be electronically affixed to the general plan sheet. the words “Registered Civil Engineer” or equivalent designation must appear with the registrant’s signature. “Project Studies Engineer”. Only one licensed seal and number with associated signature shall appear on the sheet.Individual project plan sheets. The design oversight approval note shall be affixed in the proximity to the name block. the Caltrans engineer or project manager providing design oversight shall have his/her printed name. registration number.The title sheet of the project plans shall have the license seal and signature of the lowest classification licensed person in responsible charge for preparation of the entire project. geologist. page 2-30 2-6 . See Figure 2-3 for title sheet signature and license seal information. registration number and license expiration date shall appear within the generic registration seal. the printed name of the individual involved in the development of the entire project is to be placed in the “Project Engineer” name block space located in the lower left margin of the title sheet. shall have the license seal and signature of the licensed civil engineer. (d) Individual Plan Sheet Signature . mechanical engineer. the words “Registered Civil Engineer” or equivalent designation must appear with the registrant’s signature. In all cases. In all cases. registration number and license expiration date shall appear within the generic registration seal on the line adjacent to the seal. The registrant’s signature and date signed shall be outside the registration seal and within the signature block on the line provided in the upper right hand corner of the sheet. architect or landscape architect who is knowledgeable about.The general plan of a structure shall have the license seal and signature of the lowest classification licensed person in responsible charge for preparation of the plans for an entire structure.Project Plans 2-1. For projects prepared by consultants or local agencies. the words “Registered Civil Engineer” or equivalent designation must appear with the registrant’s signature.Caltrans Plans Preparation Manual Section 2 .

Generally. On structure plans the name block space is designated as “Design Oversight”. page 2-30 2-7 . the Caltrans project engineer will sign these sheets. A consultant. Such incorporated standard drawings shall be legible when reduced to the 279 mm x 432 mm (11" x 17") size. section (d) above shall apply. telephone numbers. other than title sheets. See Figures 2-3 and 2-5 for placement of the name and address of firms. project manager. (g) Caltrans Standard Plans . Where a firm or local agency finances and prepares the entire project. The names are to be placed in name block spaces located in the lower left margin of the sheet. See Figure 2-6 for project development names required on individual plan sheets of consultant or local agency prepared projects. and the individual(s) involved in the development of the plan sheet. See Figure 2-6 for project development names required on individual plan sheets of Caltrans prepared projects. when applicable to the project. is to be financed by a firm (permittee) or local agency. local agencies. Return to Section 2 Table of Contents. individual project plan sheets. shall have the printed names of the functional area. or consultants on plan sheets and title sheets. Logos. Do not place additional signature blocks other than those shown on the approved sheet formats in the Caltrans CADD Cell Library. shall be included as part of the project plans.Project Plans (e) Individual Plan Sheet Development Names For projects prepared by Caltrans. Reference only to the standard drawing number is not acceptable. shall place the company name and address in the same location. shall have his/her name printed in the name block space identified as “Project Engineer”. They shall have the signature.Where the work shown on an individual plan sheet. the Caltrans person providing oversight for that plan.Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 (f) Work Financed by Others . On individual project plan sheets developed by consultants or local agencies. the printed names of individuals involved in the development of the plan sheet are to be placed in the spaces provided along the bottom of the sheet. or artwork is not permitted. date signed and seal of the lowest classification licensed person in responsible charge for preparation of the plans. other than the title sheet. their name and address may be placed in the lower right-hand corner of the title sheet. (h) Standard Drawings from Other Agencies Standard drawings of other agencies. Printed names included in name blocks of individual plan sheet shall not have any designation indicating professional status. On Office of Structures Design plans. The words “Project Engineer” shall be removed and replaced with the words “Design Oversight”.Standard plan sheets are to be signed by the lowest classification licensed person in responsible charge for preparation of the individual standard plan sheet. The firm or local agency may place their name and address immediately below the signature block located in the upper right-hand corner of the individual plan sheet. that prepares the entire project. Section 2 .

Project Plans TITLE SHEET SIGNATURE (Lower Right Corner of Title Sheet) Return to Section 2 Table of Contents. page 2-6.Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 FIGURE 2-3 Section 2 . page 2-30 2-8 . page 2-7.

page 2-6 2-9 .Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 FIGURE 2-4 Section 2 .Project Plans TITLE SHEET PROJECT DEVELOPMENT NAME BLOCK (Lower Left Margin of Title Sheet) Projects Prepared by Caltrans Projects Prepared by Consultants or Local Agencies Return to Section 2 Table of Contents.

Caltrans Plans Preparation Manual Section 2 .Project Plans FIGURE 2-5 etric June 2001 INDIVIDUAL PLAN SHEET SIGNATURE (Upper Right Corner of Plan Sheet) 3 3 3 Return to Section 2 Table of Contents. page 2-6. page 2-7 2-10 .

Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 FIGURE 2-6 Section 2 .Project Plans INDIVIDUAL PLAN SHEET DEVELOPMENT NAME BLOCK (Left Side of Plan Sheet) Projects Prepared by Caltrans Projects Prepared by Consultants or Local Agencies Return to Section 2 Table of Contents. page 2-7 2-11 .

.3 km (spot locations).Caltrans Plans Preparation Manual Section 2 ..To.2/R83.9. PROJECT IDENTIFICATION BLOCK (Upper Right Corner of Plan Sheet) DIST. Example: 07-LA-5-R74. To.9 (d) The project consists of two locations on one route with individual lengths of construction less than 0..3 (b) The project consists of two locations on one route (with individual lengths of construction 0.” format is used in the project description to describe each location. Example: 06-Fre-99-43..9/R79. R81.7 Return to Section 2 Table of Contents 2-12 .. A slash is used between the associated KPs for beginning and end of construction for this location followed by a comma then followed by a single KP to describe the spot location..3 km or greater).” format is used in the project description to describe the location. A single KP is used to describe each location separated by a comma. Division of Engineering Services-Office of Office Engineer (DES-OE) will insert the total sheet number.. Example: 07-LA-05-R74. COUNTY ROUTE KILOMETER POST TOTAL PROJECT SHEET NO. The “From.Project Plans 2-1. the District.3 km (spot location).2(C) Project Identification Blocks and County Abbreviations etric June 2001 For plans CADD prepared and transmitted electronically.2.5 (c) The project consists of two locations on one route with one construction location 0.. and individual sheet numbers are to be included in the Project Identification Block.” format is used in the project description to describe the location 0. Kilometer Post(s).3 km.3. 45. Example: 07-LA-5-R74.. A slash is used between the associated KPs for beginning and end of construction. Route.3 km or greater in length and one construction location less than 0. TOTAL SHEETS (1) PROJECT CONSTRUCTION IS ON ONE ROUTE (a) The project consists of one location on one route with a length of construction greater than 0. The “From. The “From..6. A slash is used between the associated KPs for beginning and end of construction for each location and a comma is used between the two sets of KPs..9/R79..To. R78. County.3 km or greater in length. The county or counties in which the project is located shall be abbreviated as shown in Table 2-1.9/R77. The number of total sheets shall be left blank.

Example: 11-Imp-8-R65. Example: 11-SD-8.3 (g) The project consists of three or more locations on the same route at various locations. Example: 11-SD-8.8/R155. Example: 07-LA-101-0.2/26.2/R0. 67-26.6 km of the center of a route separation (measured radially).To. R0. The “From..4.8 (f) The project consists of one or more locations within 0. 67-26.3 km or greater and the length of construction on the other route is less than 0.3 km or greater.... The order of listing the routes is to match the order of listing the KPs.. To..To. Example: 07-LA-5. A single KP is used for each route to describe the location.118-63.5 (continued) Section 2 .” format is used in the project description to describe the beginning of the first location as the beginning point of construction or highway planting and the end of the last location as the end point of construction or highway planting.2/26. A slash is used between the associated KPs for beginning and end of construction.” format is used in the project description to describe each location.” format is used in the project description to describe the location 0.9 (2) PROJECT CONSTRUCTION IS ON TWO ROUTES (a) The project consists of two locations which are on two different routes with each length of construction 0. The “From. The “From.5 (b) The project consists of two locations which are on two different routes where the length of construction on one route is 0. R0. Both routes are shown with a comma between them.. Both routes are shown with a comma between them.To..2 (h) The project consists of three or more locations on the same route at various locations and the project locations cover a lengthy section of highway (greater than 10 km).3 km. A slash is used between the associated KPs for the beginning and end of construction for each location and a comma is used between the two sets of KPs..3 km or greater... A single KP is used to describe the location.” format is used in the project description to describe the beginning of the first location as the beginning point of construction or highway planting and the end of the last location as the end point of construction or highway planting.5. The order of listing the routes is to match the order of listing the KPs.18.2/7..Project Plans Return to Section 2 Table of Contents 2-13 .Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 (e) The project consists of one location on one route with an individual length of construction less than 0.. Example: 01-Men-1-80.. A slash is used between the associated KPs for the beginning and end of construction for this location followed by a comma then followed by a single KP to describe the spot location.5..3 km (spot location). The “From. A slash is used between the associated KPs for beginning and end of construction..

where the project is located. “Var” represents the various KPs of the different routes. in which the project is located.3 km (spot locations). 67-26. Example: 11-SD-8. All counties.Caltrans Plans Preparation Manual Section 2 . Whenever “Var” is used in the “Kilometer Post Block”. a table with a heading of “Locations of Construction” shall be included on the title sheet. All routes. routes. The table shall list all of the project’s location numbers and associated counties. LA-18. No KPs are listed in the “Kilometer Post Block”. 247-Var Return to Section 2 Table of Contents 2-14 .5. and KPs. The order of listing the counties does not generally match the order of listing the routes. 173. are listed in numerical order. Both routes are shown with a comma between them. 71. R0. The order of listing the routes is to match the order of listing the KPs. Riv. Example: 08-SBd. 138. 189. “Var” is to be used in the “Kilometer Post Block”.Project Plans etric June 2001 (c) The project consists of two locations which are on two different routes with individual lengths of construction less than 0. A single KP is used to describe each location separated by a comma. are listed with a comma between them.5 (3) PROJECT CONSTRUCTION IS ON THREE OR MORE ROUTES (a) The project consists of three or more locations spread over two or more routes or two or more counties at various locations.

page 2-12 2-15 . Use upper and lower case lettering as shown. Ala Alp Ama But Cal Col CC DN ED Fre Gle Hum Imp Iny Ker Kin Lak Las LA Mad Mrn Mpa Men Mer Mod Mno Mon Nap Nev COUNTY Orange Placer Plumas Riverside Sacramento San Benito San Bernardino San Diego San Francisco San Joaquin San Luis Obispo San Mateo Santa Barbara Santa Clara Santa Cruz Shasta Sierra Siskiyou Solano Sonoma Stanislaus Sutter Tehama Trinity Tulare Tuolumne Ventura Yolo Yuba COUNTY ABBR. Return to Section 2 Table of Contents.Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 TABLE 2-1.2 Section 2 .Project Plans COUNTY ABBREVIATIONS COUNTY Alameda Alpine Amador Butte Calaveras Colusa Contra Costa Del Norte El Dorado Fresno Glenn Humboldt Imperial Inyo Kern Kings Lake Lassen Los Angeles Madera Marin Mariposa Mendocino Merced Modoc Mono Monterey Napa Nevada COUNTY ABBR. Ora Pla Plu Riv Sac SBt SBd SD SF SJ SLO SM SB SCl SCr Sha Sie Sis Sol Son Sta Sut Teh Tri Tul Tuo Ven Yol Yub Use the above list for the correct abbreviations of the counties.

etc. Generally. e. and Quantities Utility Plan and Details Return to Section 2 Table of Contents 2-16 . Sheet Names. Where the project consists of work at various locations. ID CODE LETTER — X K L P SE C WPC G D SS U SHEET NAME Title Sheet Typical Cross Sections Key Map and Line Index Layout (A sheet which contains only plan layout information or a sheet which contains both plan layout and profile information with or without the superelevation diagram shown) Profile (A sheet which contains plan profile information with or without the superelevation diagram shown) Superelevation Diagram (A sheet which contains only superelevation diagram information) Construction Details Temporary Water Pollution Control Plan. Sign Structure. On combination sheets where more than one type of work is being shown.2(D) Sheet Identification Codes. The codes such as L-1. The larger the project. Use the sheet name “Layout” only.g. D-1. L-3. the sheet identification code shall be the code letter for the first type of work shown in the project plan sheet name. etc. Except for projects consisting of work at various locations. L-2. identify individual project plan sheets for cross referencing. L-1. Drainage. (Example: The code letter for a “Pavement Delineation and Sign Plan” is PD. etc. The project description shall not be repeated on individual plan sheets. When the layout sheet contains a combination of work. ROADWAY AND STRUCTURE PLANS A set of project plans may contain a few or all of the following sheets.. Details. do not combine sheet names on the layout sheet. When Office of Structures Design prepared plans (e.) are included in the roadway portion of the plans.g. Details. Use the following code letters and arrange sheets in the order shown. Profiles. Retaining Wall. Coding shall consist of identifying each sheet of plans by the appropriate code letter as provided herein and by numbering those sheets consecutively. They should be placed inside the sheet border at the lower right-hand corner of each sheet. the sheet name and sheet identification code shall be placed on these sheets as provided above. and Quantities Contour Grading Drainage Plan. the more important a coding system becomes because it facilitates sorting out specific data and is used extensively for cross referencing.Project Plans 2-1. identifies the plan for indexing. and Quantities Sanitary Sewer Plan. except the title sheet. Details. etc. the work location number unique to that sheet may also be shown in the lower right-hand corner. and Plan Order A coding system maintains sheet order during the design and construction of the project.. The project plan sheet name and sheet identification code are both required on every sheet.Caltrans Plans Preparation Manual Section 2 . The title sheet does not require a sheet identification code. etric June 2001 The sheet name such as Layout.. combining should be limited to two types of work. Profiles. the project plan sheet name and sheet identification code shall be the only Sheet Identification shown. The project description shall appear only on the Title Sheet.

and Quantities Summary of Quantities Sign Plan. Lighting.Project Plans ROADWAY AND STRUCTURE PLANS (cont’d) ID CODE LETTER TM SC TH DE CS PD Q S R SW HP E — — SHEET NAME Transportation Management Plan Stage Construction. Details. Use HP ID Code when part of a highway construction or building construction project) Signal. and Quantities Plant List. and Electrical Systems Plans and Details (See Section 2-2. (See sheet names and order below. Details.Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 Section 2 .23 for approved plan sheet names for E sheets) Revised and/or New Standard Plans (Issued and inserted by DES-OE) Structure Plans (Office of Structures Design) Section 2-2 contains specific data pertaining to the sheets listed above. Examples of most of these sheets are included in Section 2-2 of this manual. Irrigation Plan. Arrange sheets in the order shown. Traffic Handling Plan and Detours Traffic Handling Plan (A sheet which contains only traffic handling information and is not included as a SC sheet) Detour (A sheet which contains only detour information and is not included as a SC sheet) Construction Area Signs Pavement Delineation Plan. Details. and Quantities Retaining Wall Plan. Use the following code letters and sheet names for highway planting plan sheets when the project consists entirely of planting and irrigation work. and Quantities Sound Wall Plan. HIGHWAY PLANTING PLANS A set of highway planting plans may contain a few or all of the following sheets. Details. ID CODE LETTER — K WPC PL PR RC MA P IR I SHEET NAME Title Sheet Key Map* Temporary Water Pollution Control Plan and Details Plant List Plant Removal Plan* Roadside Clearing Plan* Maintain Existing Plants Plan* Planting Plan Irrigation Removal Plan* Irrigation Plan Return to Section 2 Table of Contents 2-17 . etc. Planting Plan.

identification code letters and sheet names shown for roadway plans] ) General Plan (General layout and index of Office of Structures Design work) Architectural Plans Structural Plans Mechanical Plans Electrical Plans Return to Section 2 Table of Contents 2-18 .g. BUILDINGS AND PUMPING PLANT PLANS A set of building work plans may contain a few or all of the following sheets. etc. Arrange sheets in the order shown.Project Plans HIGHWAY PLANTING PLANS (cont’d) ID CODE LETTER PI SD SD SD IQ EI EU E CS EE ME M — etric June 2001 SHEET NAME Planting and Irrigation Plan Sprinkler Schedule (Use this title if only a sprinkler schedule is on this sheet) Sprinkler Schedule and Details (Use this title when a sprinkler schedule and details are on this sheet) Details (Use this title if only details are on this sheet) Irrigation Quantities Existing Irrigation Plan* Existing Utilities Plan Electrical Service (Irrigation) Plan* Construction Area Signs Booster Pump . “HP” shall be used in place of the above sheet identifications codes. When highway planting is to be included as part of a highway construction or building construction project. HP-2. Use these sheets where additional space is required to more clearly show the work to be done.Mechanical Electrical* Booster Pump . the sheet identification code letters shown above for projects consisting entirely of planting and irrigation work shall not be used.Caltrans Plans Preparation Manual Section 2 .) * Optional plan sheets.Mechanical* Revised and/or Standard Plans (etc. ID CODE LETTER — — GP** A ST M EE SHEET NAME Title Sheet ( Civil and Landscaping Plans [Use the order. e. The “HP” sheet identification code shall be used on every sheet of the highway planting portion of the highway construction or building construction project. Use the following code letters and sheet names. HP-1..Electrical* Booster Pump .

00 Where metric measurements are expressed using digit numbers. Also. Caltrans. such as centerlines.2 m 300 mm 45˚ 45˚C Where no digit number is used with the metric unit. The conversion factor is: 1200/3937 ft. For Example: Soft Conversion .0 m (9. page 2-231 2-19 . Use of the GP code is necessary to maintain the sheet order shown. An early determination should be made for each project as to whether the Standard Specifications or the General Conditions are to be used. in step with FHWA. such as a reference to the unit of measure in a specification pay clause. page 2-97. has adopted the provisions of ASTM E380 “Standard Practice For Use of the International System of Units” as the authoritative reference to SI units of measurement.Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 Section 2 . (Exception: no space is used when there is four digits to the left or right of the decimal point and monetary values will continue to be expressed in the traditional manner).) Land surveying measurements must be converted using the special conversion factor for the US Survey foot. building projects may be administered under either the Standard Specifications or the General Conditions.3 Use of the Metric System Caltrans has formally adopted the International System of Units (SI) as its preferred system of weights and measures.84 ft. The Geometronics Branch is advising all users of survey data about this special conversion factor. Return to Section 2 Table of Contents. Soft conversion is an exact restating of an English unit of measurement in SI terms. State of California Public Resources Code./m.) Hard Conversion .6894 2043 0.213 18 Monetary value $725. rounded SI units. the metric unit of measure is spelled out. which are based on surveys. where the number is spelled out.0 ft. 2-1. page 2-71. Shoulder = 3.8 m 0. The SI system of measure is a modern form of the metric system.10 ft. For Example: 3.878 632 95 278. This also applies to all other measurements. (Exception: no space is used between the digit number and the degree symbol or between the degree symbol and the symbol for temperature).05 m (10. page 2-1. Numbers less than one should be written with a zero before the decimal point. Main Table of Contents. Hard conversion is a statement of a previous dimension in convenient. Depending on the amount of roadway work involved. Section 8810. Shoulder = 3.000.10 ft.Project Plans BUILDINGS AND PUMPING PLANT PLANS (cont’d) ID CODE LETTER SS — SHEET NAME Sanitary Plans (Sewers for buildings) Revised and/or etc. In the SI system the comma has been replaced by a space to separate digits into groups of three starting from the decimal point and moving to the left and right. For Example: 3. the metric unit should be spelled out. rather than the standard conversion factor. When converting values to the metric system there are two methods: soft and hard. the metric unit symbol is to be used with the digit number with a space between the number and the unit symbol. ** The GP code letter is for the first plan sheet prepared by Office of Structures Design. This is the definition of the US Survey foot as defined by.

A 35-mm film. no commas shall be used within a number.376 52. If the measurement had been made to the nearest 0. page 2-1.2 / 1.377. The number 4. when rounded to three digits. For CADD drawings with computer generated numbers. For Example: a 90˚ angle an angle of 90˚ Significant Digits & Rounding Values Significant digits are any digits that are necessary to define the specific value or quantity.1 m.Project Plans Special Rule: When a quantity is expressed as a number and a unit is used in an adjectival sense.If the first digit discarded is equal to 5. if rounded to three digits.38. the latter rule merely requires rounding of digits that lie to the right of the last significant digit in the least precise number.If the first digit to be discarded is greater than or equal to 5 followed by at least one digit other than 0. 4.2 . rounded to 79.8 Multiplication: 113.36. page 2-71. no space is used between the digit number and the degree symbol or between the degree symbol and the symbol for temperature.63. For example.2 x 1.16. When converting values of units.If the first digit discarded is less than 5. 8. the last digit retained should be increased by one unit. The width is 35 mm.78901 Not Acceptable 123. page 2-97. if rounded to three digits.78901 Return to Section 2 Table of Contents.789 01 Acceptable 123456.463. the following rules should be followed: 1. At the present time. the measurement may have been 157. The preferred method of representing numbers with five or more digits on either side of the decimal point is to group the digits by three from the decimal point and separate the groups with a space.456. but is followed only by zeros. would be 8. rounded to 111. rounded to 114. Main Table of Contents.43 = 79. For example. The converted value must be carried to a sufficient number of digits to maintain the accuracy implied or required in the original quantity. However. 2.43 contains only three significant digits. Caltrans roadway design and drafting software cannot display numbers in this format. if rounded to four digits. subtraction. The addition.77. The rule for multiplication and division requires that the product or quotient shall contain no more significant digits than are contained in the number with the fewest significant digits used in the multiplication or division. would be 3. 8. 3. Large Numbers As stated previously. For Example: Addition: 113. a distance may have been 157 m. No adjustment should be made if the last digit retained is an even number. 4. For example. becomes 4. Preferred 123 456. this number has three significant digits. multiplication.43 = 111. the last digit retained should be rounded upward if it is an odd number. this number has four significant digits. the last digit retained should not be changed.355 would also round to the same value. if rounded to four digits. rounded to 162 Division: 113. The difference between these two rules should be noted. 3. When measuring to the nearest 1 m. 3. it is preferable to use a hyphen instead of a space between the number and the unit name or between the number and the symbol. The length is 3 m.46.36.43 = 161.6 etric June 2001 Subtraction: 113. if rounded to three digits.43 = 114. and division of SI values follow specific rules: The rule for addition and subtraction states that the answer shall contain no significant digits farther to the right than occurs in the least precise number.Caltrans Plans Preparation Manual Section 2 . When rounding values.365.463 25. consideration must be given to the implied or required precision of the value to be converted. it is acceptable to display the digits without grouping.4 m.876.2 + 1.1. For Example: A three-meter pole. page 2-231 2-20 .2 The product and quotient are limited to three significant digits since 1.

1:1000.24 of this manual. 5:1) since the metric system does not use fractions.Project Plans The method of representing large numbers must be consistent throughout a product. The vertical component is shown first and then the horizontal (Y:X). or hectares. Map. with the following exceptions . For slopes over 45 degrees. ten millimeters on the map equals 5000. the symbol indicating the predominant unit of measure should be omitted. page 2-1. All other units shall be so indicated by using the appropriate symbol. When recorded data is included on Right of Way maps. or 1:2000. Side Slopes Side slopes shall be expressed in nondimensional ratios. the unit symbol may be used with the digit number if the note could be misinterpreted. 1:20). however original recorded units outside the affected area shall remain in the units of record. such as Plan. See Section 2-3. As-Built dimensions which need to be provided shall be soft converted. • As-Built Log of Test Borings Sheets may be used in the imperial units provided that the metric layout line be placed on the plan view and tied to the original boring locations in dual dimensions (imperial and metric).2 Where a descriptor note is used with the digit number for the predominant unit of measure as described in the above example. or 2000 of the same unit on the ground. Main Table of Contents. For Example: 2 m trapezoidal earth ditch If the unit symbol is omitted. Metric Plan Dimensioning All dimensions on metric plans shall be shown in metric units only. See Sections 2-2. the vertical component shall be unitary (for example. Angular Measurements Angular measurements shall retain DegreeMinute-Second. One meter on the map equals 500.24 and 3-2. Survey information on Right of Way maps showing property data should be expressed in meters.1 of this manual. This means that 1 of any unit on the metric unit map or plan sheet equals to 500. the horizontal component shall be unitary (for example. rail elevations and track layout dimensioning. Examples of pertinent dimensions would be right of way widths. Cross Slopes Pavement cross slopes and superelevation shall be shown as a percent. page 2-97.6 of this manual. square meters. All other dimensioning on the plans shall be shown in metric only.2 meters is written as 2. Scales Metric scales are a unitless ratio.Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 On the plan sheets where the predominant unit of measure note is used. 1000. With the exception of the following listed project plan sheets. the note could be interpreted as “2 trapezoidal earth ditches”. a note shall be placed on each plan sheet indicating the predominant length unit of measure: • Title Sheet • Key map and Line Index Sheet • Plan sheets consisting entirely of quantity summaries. Report. or 20 000 mm on the ground. page 2-231 2-21 . Return to Section 2 Table of Contents. such as. or 2000 m on the ground. 10 000. it shall be expressed in its original units. • Right of Way Maps shall utilize metric units for project related changes. page 2-71. • Pertinent dimensions within railroad right of way shall be shown in dual units with metric units being primary (soft conversion) and English units in parenthesis. horizontal and vertical clearances. • Plans utilizing As-Builts as base information should be rescaled and dropped out. etc. 1:500. For Example: Note: All dimensions are in meters unless otherwise shown 300 millimeters is written as 300 mm 2. Or. 1000. See Section 2-2. For slopes less than 45 degrees. Section 2 . The unit of measure should be shown in the respective column headings for the quantities involved.

A ratio of 1:200 is used where greater detail is required than can be shown on the plan layouts. This means a station value will look something like 2+80. route adoption maps. page 2-1. For projects in rural areas. Rural or urban with gentle rolling terrain1:50 vertical. Main Table of Contents. should be 1:100 for rural projects and 1:50 for urban projects. Earthwork cross section plotting scales. The typical length of a minor station tick mark is: 0. both horizontal and vertical. 1:1000 horizontal 2. the next two digits are in meters. The reason we need to measure stationing to the millimeter is to retain the current degree of accuracy (for example 3 mm = 0. 1:500 horizontal 3.Caltrans Plans Preparation Manual Section 2 . we will be using 100 meter (328.0 meter for 1:500. minor station tick marks will be at 20 meter intervals with annotation at full 100 meter stations. Rural Sections in hilly or mountainous terrain. Return to Section 2 Table of Contents.Project Plans Scales (continued) A horizontal scale ratio of 1:500 will typically replace the 1" = 50' imperial scale used in urban areas and some rural areas. page 2-73. etc.0 meters for 1:1000 scale. a ratio of 1:1000 should be used to replace a 1" = 100' imperial scale.374. signal and etric June 2001 lighting plans. The first number in the station is in 100 meter intervals. Rural or urban with level terrain1:20 vertical. 1:200 horizontal Contour Intervals: Scale 1:200 1:500 1:1000 1:2000 1:5000 Index Contours 1m 2m 5m 10 m 25 m Intermediate Contours 0. Because 100 meters is such a large distance. Major Station tick marks are twice the length of the minor station tick mark. and 2.3A (cont’d) Profile Sheets: Select scales appropriate for the project. page 2-97. page 2-71.25 m 0.5 m 1m 2m 5m SCALES Plan Sheets: Imperial Scale 3/4"=1' 1/2"=1' 3/8"=1' 3/16"=1' 1/4"=1' 1/8"=1' 1"=1' Imperial Scale 1"=2' 1"=5' 1"=10' 1"=20' 1"=50' Base 1"=100' 1"=200' 1"=400' Metric Scale 1:20 1:20 1:50 1:50 1:50 1:100 1:10 Metric Scale 1:20 1:50 1:100 1:200 1:500 Base 1:1000 1:2000* 1:5000* Major Station Tick Mark Interval 100 m 100 m 100 m 500 m 1000 m *Typically used for title sheets. The following example scales may be appropriate for the condition shown: 1. page 1-2. Cross section intervals shall be 20 m or as required. 1.These sheets would typically be construction detail sheets.4 meter for 1:200 scale. etc.1:100 vertical. A ratio of 1:200 is used in place of the 1" = 20' imperial scale. Stationing and Kilometer Post System (Formerly Post Miles) Instead of the 100 foot stationing. page 2-231 2-22 . and the last three digits are millimeters.01 foot).3A TABLE 2-1. page 2-23. TABLE 2-1.08') per station.

The Basic Engineering Estimating System (BEES) has field limitations and will not accept superscripts or subscripts for units of measure. Until the conversion of the existing databases is complete both the PM and KP designations shall be used on project plan title sheets. The electronic planimeters currently in use are easily changed from English units to metric units by the push of a button.8 x 33. page 2-231 2-23 .3 inches) A0 is the base drawing size with an area of one square meter. All “A” sizes have a height to width ratio of one to the square root of 2. The Post Mile System (PM) will be soft converted to the Kilometer Post System (KP) by applying the 1. Smaller sizes are obtained by halving the long dimension of the previous size.Certain computer programs or other data processing devices do not allow for the use of superscripts and other Standard nomenclature.7 inches) A4 297 x 210 mm (11. Unit meter square meter cubic meter kilometer kilogram hectare hour The Caltrans substitute symbols are only to be used where the proper lower case script and superscripts are not available. There are five “A” series sizes: A0 1189 x 841 mm (46. the standard nomenclature should be used in all other applications including the project plans and specifications. These were taken from the International Standard Organization (ISO) publication ISO-29951974 and are recognized as International standards.-KP area of the project identification block at the top of the project plan sheets.Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 Units & Symbols Metric units (SI) and prefixes used with the metric units are included in Metric Standard Plan A10A.1 m.1 inches) A1 841 x 594 mm (33. However. Earthwork .-Rte. The ISO “A” series sizes are the preferred international paper sizes. Caltrans has adopted the following substitutions for these instances.Computation of earthwork quantities will continue to be based on an average end area method. Paper Sizes The Department will adopt the ISO “A” series of paper sizes. only the KP designation shall be shown in the Dist. At that time the image area will be adjusted to fit the new paper. The symbols for metric units shown on Metric Standard Plan A10A are to be used for metric project plan preparation.3C. page 2-97.6093 factor to the existing reference system. In the metric system. Substitute symbols for pay items in the BEES are included in Table 2-1. Pay Items .-Co. Caltrans will continue to use the established 559 mm x 864 mm (22" x 34") trim line dimensions printed on 609 mm x 914 mm (24" x 36") paper. All equations and prefixes will be retained. this computation will involve multiplying an average end area in square meters times the distance in meters between cross-sections (usually 20 meters). There will no longer be a need to have trim line dimensions to obtain a full 50% reduction.4 inches) A2 594 x 420 mm (23.Project Plans Station pluses to reference construction features should be shown to 0. results in cubic meters. The established image areas will remain the same until the Department switches to the “A” series paper.5 x 11. Main Table of Contents. Substitute Symbols . except for those situations where greater accuracy is required.1 x 23.4 x 16. page 2-71. Return to Section 2 Table of Contents. However. page 2-1. This. of course. special provisions and contracts.7 x 8. UNIT OF MEASURE ASTM E380 Symbol m m2 m3 km kg ha h Caltrans Substitute M M2 M3 KM KG HA H Section 2 . however we will continue to use English sized paper until the paper manufacturers begin producing the metric paper.5 inches) A3 420 x 297 mm (16.

Office of Office Engineer (DES-OE) are to consist of CADDgenerated plan sheets submitted electronically using a PS&E CADD Submittal Form (see Figure 2-7) and data transferred over the network. The forms information must be complete and accurate for the project to be processed in a timely manner. Include a Project Plan Review Checklist (see Figure 2-8).Caltrans Plans Preparation Manual Section 2 . such as existing Log of Test Boring and As-Built data of existing structure/roadway plans. page 2-231 2-24 .5 of this manual regarding criteria for submittal of (Tiff) files. page 2-1. Fill in all the information on the forms. See Section 2-1. page 2-71. which are not available as electronic files. Office of Structures Design shall submit their portion of the project plans to DES-OE using the abovespecified procedures. All electronic files must meet the requirements stated in the PS&E Directory Checklist on the PS&E CADD Submittal Form and the Project Plan Review Checklist. Legacy plan sheets. Main Table of Contents.3C 2-1. Structure plans prepared by local agencies or consultants shall be sent to Office of Structures Design for final processing.Project Plans TABLE 2-1. Return to Section 2 Table of Contents. page 2-97. may be scanned into raster (Tiff) format and submitted as (Tiff) files for purposes of establishing a 100% electronic PS&E Submittal.4 Project Plan Submittals etric June 2001 CALTRANS BEES SUBSTITUTE SYMBOLS FOR PAY ITEMS INCLUDED IN ENGINEER’S ESTIMATE Imperial Symbol LF SQFT EA SQYD CY LNMI TON CF LS ACRE STA MI LB(S) TAB GAL MFBM HR Metric Symbol M M2 EA M2 M3 LNKM TONN M3 LS HA STA KM KG TAB L M3 H Metric Unit meter square meter each square meter cubic meter lane kilometer tonne (1000 kg) cubic meters lump sum hectare station (100 m) kilometers kilograms tablet liters cubic meters hours The project plans portion of the PS&E Submittal sent to Division of Engineering Services. Prints of the electronically transmitted CADD files are not required as part of the PS&E submittal sent to DES-OE.

Files Total CADD Sheets PS&E DIRECTORY CHECKLIST Place Proper Signature Place Registration Seal Information Follow Leveling Convention (As Per Manual) Follow Electronic File Naming Convention Remove Extraneous Information Place All Files In PS&E Directory Display Correct Levels In Design Files Check For Current Time/Date Stamp Final Check Print Created On Current Plotting System Establish Plot View For All Design Files File Design Delete Unused Named Views Directory / File Protection For DES-OE Access Plot Files Rotated 0 or 90 Degrees Plot Files Generated From Fenced Cut .SourceEA Date Additional Addenda Original Revise/Replace Check Two District Imperial Structures Metric Phone Calnet/Fax District/County/Route Post Mile or Kilometer.Project Plans PS&E CADD SUBMITTAL FORM (This Form Should Be Filled Out By The Qualified CADD Contact Person) STATE OF CALIFORNIA . page 2-24 2-25 .DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PS&E CADD CADD SUBMITTAL SUBMITTAL DES-OE -0021 (Rev 03/28/01) This is a .Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 FIGURE 2-7 Section 2 . Post District Project Project Engineer Engineer District Structures CADD Contact Person Phone Number Project Manager Delineator E-Mail Address PROJECT IDENTIFICATION Node ID / Address / File Name Directory Size (Blocks/Bytes) Total No.Dist.lines Display Properly Specially Added Files (list) DES -OE Engineer’s Revised Submittal Approval (Initials) DES -OE Special Instructions: For DES-OE Project Plans Use Only To: Date In Package Received: Date out Received by: Return to Section 2 Table of Contents.

Comer Including The Correct Sheet Identification Code / Plan Number Use Standard Line Symbology (dropout where applicable) Lettering Or Text (dropout where applicable) Drainage / Profile Grids (should be in dropout) Check Details For Reduction Suitability Other IMPORTANT Plot Verification initial Electronic Date / Time Stamp Indicated on plans Revised 03/28/01 Return to Section 2 Table of Contents. Also Show Bridge Name.E.D.A. Signature. Border Dist. / Co.Project Plans FIGURE 2-8 etric June 2001 PROJECT PLAN REVIEW CHECKLIST (For District or Structures Use) Project Plan Review Check List (For District Or Structures Use) THIS CHECKLIST SHALL BE COMPLETED BY THE DESIGNATED PROJECT REVIEWER ONLY -PLEASE PRINT CLEARLY DIST/STRUCTURES PROJECT I. PHONE PHONE PROJECT REVIEW CHECK RECOMMENDS. SEND PLANS TO DES-OE WITH PS & E PACKAGE RETURN PLANS TO PROJ ENGR FOR ADDITIONAL CHANGES TOTAL SHEETS ______________________________ CONV Other TYPE OF PLANS CADD TOTAL SHEETS CADD CONV..C. and Disclaimer Note Show Destinations W / Arrow On Strip Map Show City or County Limits Show City Names Of Incorporated / Unincorporated Areas (caps / upper/lower respectively) Bridges Shown By Symbol.1 (B) Of The Plans Preparation Manual Leave Sheet Index Blank Check All Lettering All Features In Project Title Must Be Identified On Strip Map Project E.) and Number if Structure Plans Are Included Label Waterways/Railroads and All Relevant St Names Identify All Signed Routes On Strip Map (use no shields) Show Construction Limits Or Location Of Construction Including Stationing and K. Date of Signature) and PS&E Note North Arrow / Bar Scale or No Scale Correct Contractor’s Note (lower left) County(ies) Where Project Located Shown on Location Map (Outlined / Crosshatched) Project Description In Accordance With Section 2-2. C. Type (O.P.Caltrans Plans Preparation Manual Section 2 . In Lower Rt. / COUNTY (S) / RTE (S) / PM DATE REVIEWED DRAFT REVIEWER IS THIS A CONSULTANT JOB Yes No PROJ ENGR DIST O.. District Structures IMPERIAL/METRIC Imperial Metric Dist/SourceEA DIST. OTHER TITLE SHEETS Seal / Signatures Design Oversight Approval for Consultant ProjectsLower Left (Printed Name. Registration No.. or U. page 2-24 2-26 .’s COMMENTS: PLAN SHEETS Seal & Signature North Arrow (use appropriate size) Scale (if applicable) Proper Sheet Identification in Lower Rt.

tiff. Section 2 .dgn The following variations will also be acceptable for PS&E Submittal. • (Reference Files) MicroStation dgn files containing reference file data. The preferred size of the finished Tiff plot is 559 mm x 864 mm (22” x 34”) and for special circumstances the maximum allowable size is 584 mm x 889 mm (23” x 35”). (2) Bridge Related Work. The Standard Plans are divided into five major sections: (1) General Road Work. de-speckled and deskewed before submittal. Office of Office Engineer (DES-OE). The legacy sheet is to be scanned. • (Tiff) or Tagged Information Format File. gif. The Standard Plans applicable to a specific project are now indicated by the use of the “Standard Plans List” Standard Special Provision which is included in the project’s special provisions. This is a single. The Standard Plans book is updated and issued at regular intervals. under specific circumstances as listed below: • (dgn) format files with imbedded or imported raster data. • (Cadd Generated Raster) Any file that was created as a dgn file. etc. page 2-30 2-27 . These are raster images converted to the neutral HMR format and referenced to the design plane.6 Use of Standard Plans Caltrans Standard Plans are approved standardized details that are frequently applicable to the construction of highway facilities. • (Hybrid or Composite Files) MicroStation dgn files with attached Descartes HMR (a specific proprietary image format developed by HMR corporation) images. These will be raster edited. but converted to raster for convenience or expediency. will not be accepted for PS&E Submittal. Acceptable where legacy plan sheets are being considered for submission as part of a new CADD Submittal.Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 • (Raster Reference) Any raster format file (jpg. is a MicroStation design File… or . cgm) that is attached to the design plane using MicroStations reference attachment tools. This includes sheet files from projects previously completed in CADD. The Standard Plans List plan sheets are no longer included as part of the project plans to identify the Standard Plans applicable to a project. 2-1. but have been moved to archival tape or disk.Project Plans 2-1. usually at 3-5 year intervals by the Office of Office Engineer. submitted as a tiff raster image. complete plan sheet with borders intact. (3) Roadside Signs. This is static data and cannot be altered. That is any sheet file that requires one or more external files that contain sheet geometry for use as an overlay. and (5) Signals. Recover and use the original CADD files. Non-Acceptable Formats The following CADD file formats will not be acceptable for PS&E due to the time and effort required to process at DES-OE Project Plans. Examples are Fire Marshal Seals. (4) Overhead Signs. Lighting and Electrical Systems. New Standard Plans (NSPs) supplement the current edition of the book.dwg or . All engineers and detailers should have a copy of the current Standard Plans book and be familiar with its contents. The “Standard Plans List” Standard Special Provision is updated in conjunction with the issuance of New or Revised Return to Section 2 Table of Contents. Revised Standard Plans (RSPs) replace the comparable sheets in the current edition of the book. Pictures imported into the design plane for the purpose of enhancing or emphasizing a detail. The Office of Office Engineer issues new or revised Standard Plan sheets when the need arises.dxf file) must be imported into a MicroStation file.5 Project Plan File Formats Standard File Format The standard file format for submission of PS&E to Division of Engineering Services. sized (cropped). • (AutoCad Files) Any file started with AutoCad (. page 2-24. existing landmarks.

The individual modified detail or details from the Standard Plan. Return to Section 2 Table of Contents 2-28 .). Office of Office Engineer will insert the indicated applicable Revised or New Standard Plans as project plan sheets into the project plan set. These files are provided to assist project designers where a Standard Plan detail does not fit a given situation and must be modified. The Standard Plan detail files contain no signature or registration seal information. etc. Revised Standard Plans and New Standard Plans are identified on the current “Standard Plans List” Standard Special Provision sent to the Office of Office Engineer as part of the PS&E Submittal. Such modified details shall be shown on the applicable detail sheet of the project plan (for example: construction details. The Design Section responsible for the project is to verify that the applicable Standard Plans.Project Plans Standard Plans. etric June 2001 Caltrans Standard Plans are available via the Caltrans DES-OE Internet Web Site. Where Revised or New Standard Plans are applicable to a project so indicate on the “Standard Plans List” Standard Special Provision.Caltrans Plans Preparation Manual Section 2 . are to be included in the project plans. Caltrans personnel may also access the Standard Plans via the Caltrans Internal Network. drainage details. not the entire Standard Plan detail sheet.

and by out of state contractors to locate the work. The strip map should be to a convenient scale which best fits the size of the title sheet. mandatory material or disposal sites (if any). and concise presentation of the project.1. consideration should be given to preparation of an overall strip map. except those projects consisting entirely of bridge. construction details. bridges. building. state and international boundaries. The strip map should show city limits. should be shown. by map makers in updating their maps. and quantity summaries shall not be shown on the Title Sheet. it may also be appropriate to show recorded Spanish land grants. a small-scale State map (location map on the sheet format). canals. The finished Title Sheet includes a strip map of the project. and the Department’s Road System (County Road) maps are good sources for the information required as the base for the strip maps. dams. and other private facilities should Section 2 . The Title Sheet should be a neat. contract number. Layouts as described in Section 2-2. The appearance and accuracy of the title sheet serves as an indication of the quality of work done by the Department. In rural areas. Major improvements such as courthouses. public roads and highways. by successful bidders to construct projects and by engineers to inspect the work. Return to Section 2 Table of Contents. Special topographical features such as transmission lines and aqueducts. The project plans in these reduced formats are used by prospective bidders to prepare bids. an index of the plan sheets inserted by DES-OE. or portions thereof. parks. post offices. USGS quadrangle maps. A Title Sheet is to be prepared on all projects for which a PS&E Submittal is required. graphic scale (if applicable).4 (1) shall not be used as a strip map on the Title Sheet. Freeway Agreement maps. Title Sheets for prior projects. Figures 2-9 and 2-10”. township. county lines. existing streets. Compared to other sheets of the plans. These Title Sheets shall be prepared by the responsible unit in the Office of Structures Design. In some instances. range and section lines may also be shown. The type of work should not be identified by either symbol or labeling. Route Adoption maps. the signature and registration seal of the person in responsible charge for preparation of the entire project. It is sometimes used for press releases. The examples are presented in the reduced 279 mm x 432 mm (11" x 17") format size. it is distributed widely. drainage details. Explanatory notes on the preparation of plan sheets are included and in most instances are outlined.Project Plans 2-2 PROJECT PLAN SHEET SPECIFIC DATA AND EXAMPLES The example plan sheets contained in this Section 2-2 were obtained from several different sources.1 Title Sheets The first sheet of the project plan set is the Title Sheet. The Title sheet format available in the Caltrans CADD Cell Library shall be used. Do not use AAA Maps or Thomas Brothers Guide Mapping because of copyright laws. 2-2. and prominent geographic features. lakes. the project description. and project identification block information. public hearings. or other transportation related structures work (no road plans or small number of road plans). The project location shall be indicated on the location map as shown on the sheet entitled “Title Sheet Location Map Examples. Under no circumstances shall more than one sheet be used to present necessary title sheet information for any one project. Each Title Sheet for State highway projects shall be prepared by the District. In those cases where a project may be constructed in several stages. could be used for all projects and adjusted to the scale desired for each project. or where a number of adjacent projects will be constructed. This strip map.Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 The information on the title sheet shall be limited to that identified in the previous paragraph. hospitals. Features such as typical cross sections. the limits of construction and work. construction area signs. District kilometer post (post mile) maps are unsuitable and shall not be used. large industrial sites. clear. schools. railroads. page 2-17 2-29 . in this Section 2-2. The examples were randomly selected from multiple projects and may not necessarily reflect desirable designs nor current design standards.

Following receipt of the Title Sheet in DES-OE and prior to advertisement. Optional material or disposal sites should not be shown on the Title Sheet. the project title. reflecting a change in prefix only. One solid line for each roadway. Kilometer post equations. Title Sheets for city or county projects involving federal funding are usually prepared by the respective city or county and shall conform to the requirements outlined in this manual. frontage road. The proposed construction should be shown in heavy solid lines. etc. Information pertaining to the applicable standard plans must be included in the PS&E Submittal as part of the project’s special provisions. need not be shown. The bridge number shall be shown on all structures for which bridge plans are to be included and on which Office of Structures Design work is to be done. however.Caltrans Plans Preparation Manual Section 2 . For proper orientation. The structures are listed on the Title Sheet by the corresponding numerical reference showing structure names and bridge numbers.1. Title Sheets shall be oriented so that stationing progresses from left to right. On complex freeway to freeway interchange projects with multiple structures. The review process by DES-OE will include finalizing the project description. Names of roads or other features referred to in the project title. On projects where stationing is in the opposite direction from kilometer post.2(B).1(C). beginning and end of construction. (See Section 2. All features shall be labeled with their official titles. ramp. or 10 stations depending upon the scale. Before submission. Kilometer post and station equations at the intersection of route centerlines shall also be shown. All numerically different station equations (but not numerically identical line equations) and kilometer post equations with a numerical difference of 0. The project description for the Title Sheet shall be prepared as provided in Section 2-2. the structures can be denoted on the strip map by a numerical reference. Highways of major importance should show destinations at map edges. The project description information should be included on the Title sheet before the sheet is transmitted electronically to DES-OE.). Project limits of construction and work to be shown on the Title Sheet shall conform to the instructions in Section 2-2. The District shall not complete the index of sheets on the Title Sheet.6).Project Plans be shown only when they have a direct effect on the project and will be referred to in the Project’s Special Provisions. 20. The main line shall be stationed at intervals of 50. etric June 2001 All bridges shall be shown by symbol and identified by name and type (overcrossing. the index of sheets will be added. the Title Sheet shall be drawn with stationing increasing from left to right. etc. page 2-17 2-30 . and other contract-related documents shall be shown on the Title Sheet.1 km or more within the limits of construction shall be shown.1(B). the Project’s Special Provisions. undercrossing. crossroad. a standard north arrow shall be shown. should be used and normally should reflect the status of the area upon completion of the project. Return to Section 2 Table of Contents. the Title Sheet shall be signed as provided in Figure 2-3 of Section 2-1. Mandatory material sites and mandatory disposal sites shall be shown on the Title Sheet. and beginning and end of work shall be in order of kilometer posts.

The header begins with the phrase “PROJECT PLANS FOR” and continues with a descriptor indicating the type of facility involved and whether construction. (b) If the project is both inside and outside the city limits of an incorporated city. (c) When the project is at an unincorporated town.Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 Section 2 . (d) If the project is not within a town or city. etc.Project Plans 2-2. highway planting.1(B) Project Descriptions The project description on the Title Sheet shall contain: (1) COUNTY OR COUNTIES THE PROJECT IS LOCATED IN List the county or counties where the project is located as the first part of the project description (example: “IN SHASTA COUNTY”). except as described in subsection (2)(g) on the following page.1(A) Title Sheet Header The Title Sheet header precedes the project description on the Title Sheet. The most common descriptors: • CONSTRUCTION ON STATE HIGHWAY • HIGHWAY PLANTING ON STATE HIGHWAY • BUILDING CONSTRUCTION ON STATE HIGHWAY • BUILDING CONSTRUCTION • CONSTRUCTION ADJACENT TO STATE HIGHWAY • CONSTRUCTION ON AND ADJACENT TO STATE HIGHWAY Additional descriptors are: • CLEANING AND PAINTING BRIDGE ON STATE HIGHWAY • CLEANING AND PAINTING SIGN STRUCTURE ON STATE HIGHWAY • ESTABLISH EXISTING PLANTING ON STATE HIGHWAY • CONSTRUCTION ON CITY STREET • CONSTRUCTION ON COUNTY ROAD • CONSTRUCTION ON COUNTY HIGHWAY • CONSTRUCTION DES-OE should be consulted when a project requires a descriptor not shown above. If the project is in two or more counties list all counties involved (example: “IN SANTA CLARA AND SANTA CRUZ COUNTIES (2) CITY OR TOWN THE PROJECT IS LOCATED IN List the city or town where the project is located as the next part of the project description. use the term “in” (example: “IN OAKLAND”). page 2-30 2-31 . Return to Section 2 Table of Contents. make reference to the nearest city or town shown on the current State highway or county road map and which is on the route where construction is to take place. (a) If the project is entirely within the city limits of an incorporated city. Use the term “near” (example: “NEAR GILROY”). use the term “at” not “in” (example: “AT KRAMER”). is to be performed. building construction. 2-2. use the phrase “in and near” (example: “IN AND NEAR OAKLAND”).

” format. State and county lines are also acceptable since they are posted on the ground.. the route designation is not listed in the project description and the following applies.1(C) of this manual.3 km). The beginning point of construction or highway planting and the end point of construction or highway planting shall be referenced to the nearest existing identifiable point such as. (b) If the project consists of two locations on one route (with individual lengths of construction greater than 0. describe the beginning and end points of construction or highway planting by using the “From. a specific tie to a city limit should not be used.1 km. The beginning and end points of construction or highway planting should not include work of an incidental or minor nature such as advance construction area signing. a road. (3) PROJECT CONSTRUCTION IS ON ONE ROUTE Where the project is only on one route... (g) Omit city or town names from the project title description: If the project consists of three or more locations on the same route and the construction locations cover a lengthy section of highway (greater than 10 km). (a) If the project is on one route with a continuous length of construction which is 0.3 km NORTH OF WELDON CANYON OVERCROSSING AND FROM 0.. Distance references to beginning and end points of construction or highway planting shall be stated in increments of 0.3 km NORTH OF CALGROVE BOULEVARD UNDERCROSSING Return to Section 2 Table of Contents 2-32 . otherwise use (a) above. Example: IN LOS ANGELES COUNTY NEAR NEWHALL FROM 0. Example: IN LOS ANGELES COUNTY NEAR NEWHALL FROM 0. describe beginning and end points of construction or highway planting for each location using the “From... street.4 km SOUTH TO 0. The distance between the end point of construction of the first location and the begin point of construction of the second location is to be greater than 0. Since city limits may change. “California State Highway Log” and “California Bridge Log” books should be used in identifying kilometer post of reference points used in the project description.” format.Caltrans Plans Preparation Manual Section 2 .3 km or greater. do not use the phrase “the city of” except for special circumstances (example: “IN THE CITY AND COUNTY OF SAN FRANCISCO”).1 km SOUTH OF WELDON CANYON OVERCROSSING TO 0.. or bridge.3 km when using this type of project description. See Section 2-2..Project Plans etric June 2001 (e) If the project location is more than 8 km from a city or town. To.To. (f) When referring to a city. or If the project consists of three or more locations spread over two or more routes or two or more counties. the reference for example could be “ABOUT 12 km WEST OF TURLOCK”.1 km SOUTH TO 0.3 km NORTH OF CALGROVE BOULEVARD UNDERCROSSING The beginning and end points of construction or highway planting shall identify the limits of the majority of work to be performed.

Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 (c) If the project consists of two locations on one route with one construction location greater than 0.Project Plans Return to Section 2 Table of Contents 2-33 . Example: IN MENDOCINO COUNTY NEAR MENDOCINO AT BIG RIVER BRIDGE (f) If the project consists of one or more locations within 0..3 km.” format. describe beginning and end points of construction or highway planting for the location greater than 0.1 km SOUTH TO 0... To.3 km NORTH OF CALGROVE CANYON BOULEVARD UNDERCROSSING Section 2 . use a spot location description.3 km NORTH OF WELDON CANYON OVERCROSSING AND AT CALGROVE BOULEVARD UNDERCROSSING (d) If the project consists of two locations on one route (with individual lengths of construction less than 0.3 km).. The phrase “AT VARIOUS LOCATIONS” shall be used prior to describing the beginning and end points of construction or highway planting. describe the location less than 0.3 km and one construction location less than 0. Example: IN LOS ANGELES COUNTY NEAR NEWHALL AT VARIOUS LOCATIONS FROM 0. describe the locations by using two spot location descriptions “At … and At…” Example: IN FRESNO COUNTY IN FRESNO AT BIOLA JUNCTION OVERHEAD AND AT HERNDON CANAL BRIDGE (e) If the project consists of one location on one route (length of construction less than 0.3 km in length by using the “From.3 km in length by using a spot location description “At…” Example: IN LOS ANGELES COUNTY NEAR NEWHALL FROM 0. describe the beginning of the first location as the beginning point of construction or highway planting and the end of the last location as the end point of construction or highway planting. a point description is appropriate. Example: IN LOS ANGELES COUNTY IN LOS ANGELES AT ROUTE 5/118 SEPARATION (g) If the project consists of three or more locations on the same route.6 km of the center of a route separation (measured radially).1 km SOUTH OF WELDON CANYON OVERCROSSING TO 0.3 km).

(a) If the individual length of construction on each of the two routes is 0.3 km in length by using the “From.Project Plans etric June 2001 (h) If the project consists of three or more locations on the same route and the project locations cover a lengthy section of highway (greater than 10 km).5 km NORTH OF ROUTE 67/8 SEPARATION (b) If the length of construction on one route is 0. To. Example: IN IMPERIAL COUNTY AT VARIOUS LOCATIONS FROM ROUTE 8/11 SEPARATION TO 0. the route designations are listed in the project description and the following applies.6 km EAST OF 4TH AVENUE OVERCROSSING (4) PROJECT CONSTRUCTION IS ON TWO ROUTES Where the project is on two routes. Example: IN SAN DIEGO COUNTY IN EL CAJON ON ROUTE 8 FROM 0. indicate the corresponding route designation before each of the two spot locations Example: IN SAN DIEGO COUNTY IN EL CAJON ON ROUTE 8 AT MOLLISON AVENUE UNDERCROSSING AND ON ROUTE 67 AT BROADWAY UNDERCROSSING Return to Section 2 Table of Contents 2-34 .2 km TO 0. Omit city or town names from the title description..3 km WEST OF MOLLISON AVENUE UNDERCROSSING TO MOLLISON AVENUE UNDERCROSSING AND ON ROUTE 67 AT BROADWAY UNDERCROSSING (c) If the individual length of construction on each of the two routes is less than 0. indicate the corresponding route designation before the beginning and end points of construction or highway planting for each of the two locations.3 km.” format and indicate the corresponding route designation before describing the location less than 0.3 km.3 km or greater.3 km in length by using a spot location description “At…” Example: IN SAN DIEGO COUNTY IN EL CAJON ON ROUTE 8 FROM 0...Caltrans Plans Preparation Manual Section 2 .3 km WEST OF MOLLISON AVENUE UNDERCROSSING TO MOLLISON AVENUE UNDERCROSSING AND ON ROUTE 67 FROM 0. describe the beginning of the first location as the beginning point of construction or highway planting and the end of the last location as the end point of construction or highway planting.. The phrase “AT VARIOUS LOCATIONS” shall be used prior to describing the beginning and end point of construction or highway planting.3 km or greater and the length of construction on the other route is less than 0. indicate the corresponding route designation before describing the beginning and end points of construction or highway planting for the location greater than 0.

). in the project description. Do not use “Junction” to describe the intersection of highways. a road. use the full name descriptions (Santa Ana River Bridge. (example: North Junction Route 79. Section 2 . Omit city or town names from the title description. In these instances. (c) Punctuation marks are used only when listing 3 or more counties or cities are in the project description. such as. (e) Use Bridge number only if there may be some confusion as to which structure is referred to (example: bridges crossing the same waterway with the same name but different numbers). (a) If the project consists of three or more locations spread over two or more routes or two or more counties. the route designations are not listed in the project description and the following applies. except in those rare instances where a break in the route creates two separate intersections of a highway with another highway.). street. (f) Names such as. not Route 710/405 Interchange). do not use abbreviations in the project description. (g) Do not use freeway names. (b) When referring to an identifiable point. “Golden State Freeway”. the intersection points may be described.Project Plans Return to Section 2 Table of Contents 2-35 . etc. Normandie Avenue Overcrossing. Example: IN SANTA CLARA AND SANTA CRUZ COUNTIES AT VARIOUS LOCATIONS (6) PROJECT DESCRIPTION ADDITIONAL INSTRUCTIONS (a) Except for the use of the “km” symbol for kilometer. etc.Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 (5) PROJECT CONSTRUCTION IS ON THREE OR MORE ROUTES Where the project is on three or more routes. or bridge used in the project title should also appear on the title sheet strip map. (d) Do not use “Interchange” in the project description (example: Use Route 710/405 Separation. use the phrase “AT VARIOUS LOCATIONS” for the project limits description following the reference to the counties.

work of an incidental or very minor nature (in addition to advance construction area signing) (for example: temporary route connection) may be included within the identified limits of work instead of the identified limits of construction. and projects on 3 or more routes.Caltrans Plans Preparation Manual Section 2 . Both beginning and end points of construction shall be shown whenever there is a distance of 0. Where certain types of projects (resurfacing. Begin construction and end construction as shown on the Title Sheet shall identify the limits of the majority of work to be performed on the route. page 2-38 2-36 . and station.Example ‘B’). seal coat. the beginning and end points of work will extend beyond the beginning and end points of construction to show work of an incidental or minor nature such as advance construction area signing (i. etc. If the construction to be performed is at a spot location (less than 0.1 km. a single kilometer post value shall be used and such construction shall be shown on the Title Sheet as “LOCATION OF CONSTRUCTION” (see Title Sheet . Begin work and end work as shown on the Title Sheet shall encompass all work to be performed on the route. begin and end of construction are to be shown by kilometer post and post mile only. Except for the types of projects specified herein. Except for the types of projects specified herein. page 2-30.3 km or more between such points. the beginning points of work and construction and the end points of work and construction may be identical where work of an incidental or minor nature is not to be performed outside the limits of construction. the first “ROAD CONSTRUCTION AHEAD” sign).) do not require stationing to be shown to identify the limits of construction or work.) do not require stationing to be shown to identify the limits of construction. If construction is to be performed on intersecting or adjacent cross roads or streets adjacent to the route on which construction is to be performed. post mile.” On projects with identical work and construction limits. Construction area signs shall not be shown on the Title Sheet. the beginning and end points shall be referenced by kilometer post. and stationing.3 km). Do not use verbiage such as “300 meters beyond End of Construction” to define work limits on the above-referenced project types. the beginning and end of construction and work shall be shown on the Title Sheet. The kilometer post (KP) values shown in the upper right corner of the Title Sheet shall be the beginning and end points of construction (see Title Sheet .Example ‘B’. Where the beginning points of work and construction and the end points of work and construction are identical. page 2-32. the limits of construction and associated project descriptions for the adjacent projects should not overlap. seal coat. Only KP values shall be shown in the upper right corner of the Title Sheet. The work involved in the installation of construction area signs at intersecting cross roads or on streets adjacent to the route on which construction is to be performed shall not be reflected in the described project limits of construction or work.e. etric June 2001 The project description on the Title Sheet shall describe the beginning and end points of construction. In most instances. etc. the limits of this work on the cross roads or streets shall be identified as shown on Title Sheet . begin and end of work are to be shown by kilometer post only. The beginning and end points of construction shall be shown in increments of 0. Return to Section 2 Table of Contents. Where construction on a route is to be performed in adjacent project segments.1(C) Project Limits of Construction and Work Project limits of construction and work to be shown on the Title Sheet shall conform to the following: Except for building construction projects. To minimize description overlaps. begin and end construction shall be referenced by kilometer post. See Title Sheet . Where certain types of projects (resurfacing. such beginning and end points shall be shown on the Title Sheet as “BEGIN WORK AND CONSTRUCTION” and as “END WORK AND CONSTRUCTION. begin and end work shall be referenced by station limits. Occasionally. or a spot location.Example ‘G’).Example ‘B’.Project Plans 2-2. post mile.

Example ‘O’.Example ‘N’ . or a spot location shall conform to the respective Title Sheet Examples included in this Section 2-2. Title Sheet .Example ‘H’ .Building Work (Rural adjacent to State Highway).Example ‘P’ .Basic Format and Information.Example ‘B’ .Construction on one route at two spot locations. the project title. Title Sheet .Construction on one route (continuous lengthy construction).Example ‘I’ . Title Sheet .Example ‘A’ .Example ‘C’ .Construction on one route at spot location.Construction at a route separation.Example ‘F’ .Construction on one route at various locations (lengthy construction more than 50 km).Construction on one route in two counties. Title Sheet . Section 2 . 2-2. however the Title Sheet is to be drawn with stationing increasing from left to right (see Title Sheet . and projects on 3 or more routes.Construction one route at various locations. Title Sheet .Construction on one route (Consultant Prepared Project).Construction on two routes (continuous construction on each route).Example ‘G’ . Title Sheet .Project Plans Title Sheets shall be oriented so that stationing progresses from left to right.Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 Project limits shown on the Title Sheet for building construction projects. Title Sheet . Return to Section 2 Table of Contents 2-37 .Example ‘M’ . Title Sheet .Construction on one route (continuous construction). Title Sheet . Title Sheet . Title Sheet .1.Example ‘E’ .Example ‘L’ . and beginning and end of work shall be in order of kilometer posts. Title Sheet .Construction on multiple routes in two counties at various locations.1(D) Listing of Title Sheet Examples Title Sheet .Building Work (city or urban location off State Highway). beginning and end of construction.Example ‘F’). Title Sheet .Example ‘D’ . Title Sheet . Title Sheet . Title Sheet Location Map Examples (Figures 2-9 and 2-10). On projects where stationing is in the opposite direction from kilometer posts.Example ‘J’ .Example ‘Q’ .Construction on one route (stationing in opposite direction of kilometer posts).Highway Planting Project.Construction on multiple route in multiple counties. Title Sheet .Example ‘K’ .

WT=2. Signature.Caltrans Plans Preparation Manual Section 2 . Spell out all Railways in Upper and Lower Case. FT=43.5. LV=10 Stationing and Equations (where the construction and work is identified on the layout sheets by stationing) City/County/State/International Boundary Limits TERO . WT=0. FT=43. Any Water (except Ocean & Bays) . WT=0. the following applies: TX=2. bridges.ENVIRONMENTALLY SENSITIVE AREA Station and Kilometer Post Equation at County Lines where construction extends into another county Names of Incorporated Cities (ALL UPPER CASE) TX=2. WT=1. WT=2. To Los Angeles ) To identify Route(s) on Strip Map (do not use route shields).2. FT=23. FT=2. WT=2. FT=2.2. (lower right corner). FT=23. LV=10 Contract No. WT=0. See Section 2-2. LV=10 . WT=1. Mandatory Material and Disposal Sites (use of mandatory sites to be avoided where possible) Street Names . LV=10 CU No. 00-000004 (lower right corner) TX=3.2. Project Title Description . Routes that work is being performed on.ALLUPPER CASE. date of signature and Registration Seal information completed.8.TX=1. WT=0. ALL UPPER CASE. Equation at Intersection of Route Centerlines Railroad (labeled). WT=2. Upper and Lower Case.INDIAN RESERVATION LAND BOUNDARY.8.2. County and Route (upper right corner) TX=2. LV=10 (For Building Work Use Facility Code for Route No.) Kilometer Post and Sheet Number (upper right corner) TX=2. NO abbreviations allowed except km which must be in lower case. FT=2. WT=2. Ocean . TX =2. the following applies: TX=1. creeks. FT=2. TX =3. post mile and station). FT=43. WT=2. and EA No. Check in front of “Current” THOMAS BROS under “CITIES AND COMMUNITIES INDEX” for correct status. Thomas St OC or UC) Bridge Numbers (if work is to be performed on bridge or other transportation related structure and plans prepared by Office of Structure Design are Included) Label Names of Waterways.On Routes that no work is being performed on.Project Plans TITLE SHEET CHECK LIST District. FT=2. Identify all geographic features that appear in the project title such as streets. ESA .Upper & Lower Case. LV=10 Location Arrow on State Map (upper right corner) AC=LOCARR. Return to Section 2 Table of Contents 2-38 .TX=3. Bays . etc. Check in front of “Current” THOMAS BROS under “CITIES AND COMMUNITIES INDEX” for correct status. WT=2. TX=2.1(C) for exceptions. FT=2.5.0.. TX =1. etric June 2001 Names of Unincorporated Areas (Upper and Lower Case Lettering) TX=2. TX=1. Begin and End Work (identify by station).0. FT=43..8.0. TX=3. (lower right corner) Graphic Scale or “NO SCALE” Destination with arrow at Strip Map Edges. Drafting Reviewers will attach SIGNATURES when project goes to PS&E. Upper and Lower case lettering. (e. FT=23.ALL UPPER CASE. FT=43. Make sure street names are shown where streets cross the project or where work is being performed. LV=10 Standard North Arrow AC=NARR.8.5. WT=1. WT=0. Bridge Shown by Symbol Name and Type of Bridge or other Transportation related structure (e. “BEGIN AND END CONSTRUCTION” (identify by kilometer post. FT=2.g.g.7.

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Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 FIGURE 2-9 Section 2 . page 2-29. page 2-37 2-41 .Project Plans TITLE SHEET LOCATION MAP EXAMPLES Return to Section 2 Table of Contents.

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Caltrans etric

Plans Preparation Manual
June 2001
The design designation, as defined in the Highway Design Manual Section 103.1, shall be shown on the typical cross section for all new highway construction projects and rehabilitation projects. See “Typical Cross Section - Example A” for an example of how to express the design designation. Where Pavement Reinforcing Fabric (PRF) is included as part of the structural section, show the limits of the PRF. Where curb or dikes are shown, identify types used. When there are multiple typical cross sections to be shown on the typical cross section sheet(s), the section with the lowest stationing is shown on the bottom of the sheet and the sections are to advance in greater stationing as you go up the sheet. Stationing is to be shown to the thousandths of a station. Stationing on multiple typical cross sections shall not overlap. Structural section designation numbers, if used, are to be consistent with those shown on the layout sheets of the plans. Where new surfacing is to be placed on existing pavement, the bottom of the new surfacing which is to be in contact with existing pavement shall be shown as a solid line. Where existing pavement is shown to be removed, the type of material and thickness of the existing structural section layers shall be identified. Where the existing structural section was previously shown in imperial units, the thickness of each layer shall be soft converted and expressed to the nearest millimeter.

Section 2 - Project Plans
2-2.2 Typical Cross Sections
This sheet shows the structural elements of the roadway. It should not contain information concerning geometric elements, which are adequately shown on layout sheets. Typical cross sections shall be a graphic representation of the work to be performed. When the project consists of only a few sheets of plans, typical cross sections may be shown on the layout sheet. The statements, “Dimensions of the structural sections are subject to tolerances specified in the Standard Specifications”, and “Superelevation as shown or as directed by the Engineer”, must appear on the first sheet of typical cross sections. Textural symbols shall not be used on the typical cross sections. Existing sections shall be shown as dashed lines. In most circumstances, the vertical scale of the sections should be exaggerated to clarify thickness of the various layers of the structural section. Thickness of the layers, within any one typical section, shall be shown proportionally. The vertical dimensions of the typical cross sections shall be expressed in millimeters. Where a new structural section is to be constructed, the thickness of each layer shall be expressed to the nearest 5 mm. Horizontal roadway dimensions on the typical cross section shall be expressed in meters. Dimensions should be referenced to centerline or layout lines. Show the percent of slope or where applicable show as “match existing slope”. If dimensions vary, give maximum and minimum values. Side slopes are to be identified as vertical to horizontal. Right-of-way lines are to be shown.

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.Add details if different from standard plans Curb and Gutter Types (include dimensions not shown on Standard Plans) Pertinent Existing Features. Including Existing Structural Section The following notes shall be shown on the first sheet of the typical cross sections: 1. Gutter.) “Dimensions of the structural sections are subject to tolerances specified in the Standard Specifications”. Widths of Pavement. Base and Subbase Seal Coats. Date of Signature and Registration Seal information completed.Caltrans Plans Preparation Manual Section 2 . (upper right corner) Return to Section 2 Table of Contents 2-60 . Etc. (lower right corner) Signature. Ditches.) Profile Grade Point.Show on first sheet only Legend and Abbreviation (do not repeat standard plans abbreviations and symbols) Scales (or labeled “NO SCALE”) Layout Line (centerline. Median. 2. Shoulders. Class and Thickness of Pavement. Medians. station line. sections with smallest Stationing Limits at bottom of sheet with increasing Station Sections stacked above. and Gutter Cross Slopes Slope Rounding Benching and Strutting (where applicable) Basic Right of Way Widths Stationing Limits below each section. Sidewalk. and EA No.Project Plans TYPICAL CROSS SECTION CHECK LIST District. County and Route (upper right corner) Kilometer Post and Sheet Numbers (upper right corner) Design Designation (useful for future reference) .Indicates limits of variable dimensions Cross Slope (percent) Cross Slopes. CU No.) “Superelevation as shown or as directed by the Engineer”. and Pavement Width Transitions shown where required etric June 2001 Type. etc. Except Fog Seals AC Dike with Type Identification Edge Drains (where applicable) .

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Project Plans 2-2. sheet arrangements. and centerlines.3 Key Map and Line Index A key map and line index sheet may be required on large and complex projects. Return to Section 2 Table of Contents 2-67 . It is a small-scale graphic line diagram showing all construction layout lines. The scale can be adjusted to fit the sheet.Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 Section 2 . The same strip map used for the title sheet can be used. This sheet is an aid to clarify sheet locations and arrangements of centerlines.

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Project Plans 2-2. Do not duplicate abbreviations shown on Standard Plan Sheet A10A. full profile sheets shall be used to show main line profiles and profiles of supplemental lines. Profiles. Wherever possible. full profile sheets shall be used to show profiles of supplemental lines. Topographic symbols are shown on Standard Plan A10B.). Rural highway plans are generally prepared to a scale of 1:1000 and urban areas to 1:500. Diagonal placement is satisfactory to attain better coverage. When alignment on layouts is such that “stacking” is necessary. All alignment and profile stationing shall be shown in meters only. Abbreviations and symbols used within the layouts shall be listed along with their meanings on the first layout sheet. etc.4 Layouts. channel changes and other roads which cannot be added conveniently to the profile portion of the combined plan and profile sheet (layout). It is permissible to use both scales within a set of plans provided each sheet contains only one scale. Equations may cause profile plotting to control sheet arrangement. the major portion of an interchange should appear on one sheet.4 of the CADD User’s Manual. Construction and cadastral symbols are shown on Standard Plan A10B. but may be advisable where many match lines are shown on a sheet (such as sheets showing interchange areas. Sheets shall be arranged to contain major construction features on one sheet. Existing topography may be provided by aerial photography. Existing facilities shall be shown in dashed lines or dropout and proposed construction in solid lines. Lettering sizes shall conform to the requirements in Section 1-2. Refer to Section 2. (2) Preparation Procedures CADD permits the separation of drawing data by kind of data. profiles.Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 connections. The break should be such as to show the main features on one sheet. Layout sheets shall be oriented to show mainline stationing progressing left to right. digitized maps. This may necessitate breaks and match lines for the ends of minor road Return to Section 2 Table of Contents. Where a full plan sheet is needed for plan layout. scanned maps. Profile and Superelevation Diagram Sheet Layouts shall contain general project data such as alignment. crossroads. and Superelevation Diagrams (1) General A layout sheet is defined as one of the following: (a) Full Plan Sheet (b) Combined Plan and Profile Sheet (c) Combined Plan.3 of this manual regarding metric plan dimensioning. The latter scale may be necessary in some rural areas. such as frontage roads. the sheet shall be arranged so that the stationing shall read from the top half of the sheet to the bottom half of the sheet using match lines. At interchange areas it may be necessary to show plan and profile on separate sheets. References to adjoining sheets at the match lines. Attention is directed to Section 2-1. earthwork quantities and right of way lines and easements. Line work shall conform to the requirements in Section 1-2. Geographical drawings are created by combining levels of data from a master drawing. In metropolitan areas and at rural interchanges. Match lines shall be shown.2 of this manual. Mainline stationing shall not overlap from one sheet to the other. Where feasible. Caltrans symbols and abbreviations shown in the Standard Plans and Caltrans CADD Cell Library shall be used. Section 2 . separate full layout plan sheets may be necessary to show all the required data. or maps from ground surveys. The CADD system defines the various layers of similar data. are optional. Sheets should not end within a road intersection. page 2-29 2-71 . freeway to freeway connectors. ditches. Where main line profiles appear on combined plan and profile sheets (layouts). such as “See Sheet L-5”. or overlays as “levels”. ramps. ramp and auxiliary road profiles should be complete on one sheet.1 of this manual.

The addition of coordinate information shall not reduce the legibility or clarity of other design information on the plan sheet. swamp land and tideland surveys. ramps. Show and label township and section lines and corners. POC’s) on the construction layout line at the beginning and end of project construction and within the curve data tables may be included on the plans. distances and bearings of all tangents. See Section 2-2. Where coordinate information is included on the plans. frontage roads.13 of this manual). right of entry. “Place”. all drainage structures unless separate Drainage Plans are to be included as part of the plans.Rural or urban areas with gently rolling terrain with less than two percent general ground slope. streets.Project Plans (3) Plan Content Only those existing topographic features which affect bidding. it should generally be limited to no more than six coordinate values on any plan sheet. topography generally need not be shown. crossroads. etc. and sidewalks involved in the construction. The words “Construct”. curbs. county. If coordinate information is included on the plans.Caltrans Plans Preparation Manual Section 2 . recorded subdivisions. Utilities which remain in place and utilities which are proposed to be relocated shall be shown unless separate utility plans are to be included as part of the project plans. The most common vertical scales are: (a) 1:100 -. The CCS datum year is shown as “CCS27” for the North American Datum of 1927 or “CCS83” for the North American Datum of 1983. “Coordinate values shown are CCS _______ Zone _______” shall be included on the first layout sheet of the plans.Rural sections in hilly and mountainous terrain with considerable rise and fall. sidewalks. such as “Abandon” or “Remove”. (4) Profile Content Data shown on the Full Profile Sheet or the lower half of the combined Plan and Profile Sheet can usually be reproduced directly from the preliminary profile. Indicate what work is to be performed on existing facilities. and all other facilities to be constructed. Necessary dimensions are to be included. etc.13 of this manual concerning showing utilities on the project plans. fences. Spanish grants. Stationing equations. any features pertinent to construction.. Solid lines are to be used for proposed construction items. gutters. Inclusion of coordinate information on the plans is optional. should be shown. separate sheets of utility plans and details shall be included in the project plans. for new construction are superfluous. (c) 1:20 -. and city lines.Rural or urban areas in level terrain where precise grade and gutter design is required. edge of pavement. The toe of fill and top of cut slopes are to be shown except where grading is very light. Return to Section 2 Table of Contents 2-72 . barriers. the statement. High risk underground facilities shall be shown as provided in Section 2-2. The applicable Zone numbers are 1 through 7 for “CCS27” and 1 through 6 for “CCS83”. construction. and state. Confine topography to the portion within the right of way and a narrow band beyond. In urban areas. Include at least two coordinate grid ticks for orientation. and maintenance and which are essential for field orientation of the plans shall be shown. The appropriate datum year of the California Coordinate System (CCS) and applicable Zone etric June 2001 number are to be included. EC’s. Coordinate information for selected points (BC’s. Show and label right of way lines.13 of this manual. edge of shoulders. stations of all curve points and curve data shall be shown. all topography may be shown. relocated local streets. such as streams. guard railing. curbs. The layout plan shall show edge of traveled way. Where extensive or complex utility systems are to be shown. easement lines. However. Building and appurtenances within the right of way which will be removed prior to construction are not to be shown. Alignment data for all layout lines (mainlines. (See Section 2-2. In rural areas where little topography exists. survey monuments to be set (if not shown on the Summary of Quantities Sheets). (b) 1:50 -.) shall be shown.

or individual cuts and fills. Roadway excavation and embankment quantities should be listed along the bottom of the profile (on both Full Profile Sheets and Plan and Profile Sheets). and location in relation to the layout line) is to be included with the profile information. Where profiles are “stacked” on Full Profile Sheets. the point of crossing should be a division point for listing cut and fill quantities. Equation stations may control coverage and arrangement. EVCs. description.Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 To provide a complete picture. Other grade lines. a note is to be added to indicate the position of the profile grade. “Elevation is based on _________ Datum”. Elevations are to be shown at BVCs. a cross reference note is desirable. PCVCs. In such a case. Scale ratio of H/V = 10 is most commonly used. and at each edge of the sheet on profile grade. Sheet totals should be shown in the lower right corner when quantities are listed by station. grade separation structures.3A for most common H/V scales. Return to Section 2 Table of Contents 2-73 . These quantities may be listed by station. levees. they are to be listed with their respective profiles rather than lumping them with the main line. broken profiles for datum changes. The original groundline and profile grade line should not crowd the top or bottom of the sheet. No additional elevations need be shown on the vertical curves. streams. Only a few elevations are needed in the immediate vicinity of the profile line. Profile stationing shall not overlap. If this is the vertical datum used. Station pluses are shown for all points where elevations are shown if these points do not fall on the vertical grid lines. gutters. The current vertical datum used by Caltrans is the “National Geodetic Vertical Datum of 1929”. See Table 2-1. On Full Profile Sheets the horizontal scale need not correspond to the plan scale. The distance through the equation between adjacent full stations is to be shown. Vertical curve lengths and tangent gradients are to be shown. On combined Plan and Profile Sheets the profile stationing shall match the stationing as shown in the plan portion. the blank space in the statement would be shown as “1929 National Geodetic Vertical”. such as ditches. are to be shown by distinctive symbols and so labeled. Where quantities for major ramps or other roads have been calculated separately. such as “Profile Grade at Inner ETW” or for example “Profile Grade is 1. and other layout lines are to be labeled vertically along the profile. Future grade lines are to be labeled and shown as short dashed lines. Placing datum elevations from top to bottom of the sheet is not necessary. the original groundline is to extend a few stations beyond the beginning and end of the project if this does not require an additional sheet. paving notches. and pipes. The original groundline shall be checked for obvious errors in plotting and missing break points at ditches. Inclusion of bench mark elevations is optional. Section 2 . equations.Project Plans Vertical to horizontal scale ratios producing profile grade line plots steeper than 1:1 should be avoided. The datum elevations should be placed on top of the horizontal grid line they represent at both ends of the profile line. Where the roadway crosses a stream or crossroad. The names of all major intersected streets. Gradients must be shown at points of reverse or compound vertical curvature.2 m Left or Right of C/L”. Where bench mark elevations are shown on the plans. etc. Overlapping equations shall be plotted so that a gap exists between the back and forward stations. they shall be arranged so that stationing progresses from the top half of the sheet to the bottom half of the sheet. If the profile grade line is not on the construction layout line. Station limits for cut and fill quantities need not be identical. railroads. PRVCs. the basis of the vertical datum is to be shown on the first sheet of profiles using the statement. Bench mark data (bench number.

These plots should be drawn to an exaggerated vertical scale and submitted to the Resident Engineer for use in staking. superelevations. (c) PI of the superelevation (optional). (Radii and direction of curvature need not be shown where the super diagram is shown on the combination Plan and Profile Sheet. Where these combinations occur. (d) Axis of rotation (0% line). Label each.) etric June 2001 (f) Stationing of all superelevation PIs. and superelevation transitions of the pavement and shoulders. and EVCs where these do not fall on a vertical grid line. (b) Superelevation in percent. and variable pavement widths may produce undesirable pavement edge profiles. Certain combinations of profile grade line. it is essential to plot edge of pavement and edge of shoulder profiles and graphically adjust bumps and drainage pockets.Caltrans Plans Preparation Manual Section 2 . The following should be included: (a) Stationing. Give the stations. Vertical curves at the beginning and end of superelevation transitions are no longer required. and direction of curvature. NOTES Return to Section 2 Table of Contents 2-74 . (h) Bridge locations. (g) Each pavement and shoulder plane. vertical curves. (e) Curve points--Vertical lines should indicate the location of all horizontal curve BCs and ECs. superelevation transitions. BVCs. radii.Project Plans (5) Superelevation Transition Diagram Content A superelevation transition diagram is a graphic plot of the crown slopes.

County Limits and Names Guard Railing. County and Route (upper right corner) Sheet Number and Kilometer Post (upper right corner) Standard North Arrow Curve Data (all curve alignment numbers shall be consecutive throughout the Layout Sheets) Scale Line Designations Bearing and Distance on All Stationed Lines (showing coordinate information for selected points is optional) Station Equations R/W Lines and Access Control Lines (access control tick marks are not required to be shown on project plans) Fences and Gates Township. symbols and abbreviations not shown on Standard Plans. river. if not shown on Detour Plan Sheets Pavement Removal Existing Pavements Curbs and Dikes Sidewalks. only when work is to be performed on bridge and bridge plans are included) Waterways Channel Changes Retaining Walls Mandatory Material and Disposal Sites (use of mandatory sites is to be avoided where possible) Road approaches Detours. creek. Date of Signature and Registration Seal information completed. Return to Section 2 Table of Contents 2-75 . etc. (upper right corner) Topography (when pertinent) Cut and Fill Lines Easement and Permits CU No. size and ownership) Bridge Names and Numbers (show br no. Driveways and Curb Ramps (case type) Direction of Flow (stream. Barriers and Crash Cushions Utilities (unless shown on separate utility plans) (label as to type of utility. Range and Section Lines (not necessary to show within city limits) City.Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 Section 2 . 00000 EA 000000 (lower right margin) The following note shall be shown on each layout sheet: “For complete R/W and Accurate Access Data. see R/W Record Maps at District Office” (in the case of conventional highway.Project Plans LAYOUT SHEET CHECK LIST District. omit the words “and Accurate Access”) Edge Drain Locations. legends. Vents and Cleanouts (if not shown on the drainage plan sheets) First sheet of layouts contains notes.) Special Structures Survey Monuments (showing coordinate information is optional) Signature. Including Types of Outlets.

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(upper right corner). EVC.Project Plans PROFILE CHECK LIST Profile Lines With Designation and Grade Percent Original Ground Lines With Label . PRVC. Ditch. equations. Return to Section 2 Table of Contents 2-83 .Ground line should extend a few stations beyond the beginning and end of profiles on the first and last sheet Future Grade Lines should be Dashed and Labeled Vertical Curve Lengths Elevations (shown at BVC. (lower right corner) Signature. and Gutter Grade Lines with Grade in Percent Station and Elevation of Begin and End Bridge Earthwork Quantities (listed by station.sheet total Label Bridge Name and Number (show Bridge No. and PCVC.Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 Section 2 . only when work is to be performed on bridge and bridge plans are included) Street or Road Centerline and Name where it crosses Main Profile Line Road and Driveway Approach Grade Lines with Line Designation and Grade in Percent Datum at both edges of sheet (on top of the horizontal grid line) Stations Pluses if not on Vertical Grid Lines Equations Benchmarks (showing elevations is optional) Superelevation Transition Diagram (shown directly above the corresponding profile where sufficient space is available on profile sheet) CU No. Date of Signature and Registration Seal information completed. or individual cuts and fills) . paving notches. and EA No. and at each edge of sheet on profile grade) Top Rail Elevation (railroad) Channel. broken profiles.

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Return to Section 2 Table of Contents 2-91 .Project Plans 2-2. etc. Details for other work (for example: drainage.5 Construction Details This sheet supplies supplementary information that cannot be shown on the layout plan sheets because of complex and extensive details required. guard railing. signing.) are to be shown on their own detail sheets. sidewalks. pavement delineation. pavement surfacing conforms. some speed-change lanes and at transition areas that cannot be defined with information on the profiles and superelevation diagrams. Items need to be fully dimensioned so that they are buildable and the quantities are calculable. such as 1:200 or larger. curbs. Pavement elevations generally will be required at large curve returns. Examples of construction items that may require construction details are curb transitions.Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 Pavement elevations may be shown on the Construction Detail sheets. The details shown on the Construction Detail Sheet are unique to a specific project and those for which there are no Standard Plans. Normally these sheets are prepared to a larger scale than the plan sheets. and driveways. Section 2 . or labeled as no scale.

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See Section 2-2. Use of a 1:500 scale will typically be appropriate for these layouts. and drainage outlet protection. Temporary control features may include.Project Plans 2-2. Return to Section 2 Table of Contents 2-95 . silt fences.6 Temporary Water Pollution Control Plans and Details Detail sheets which show Best Management Practices (BMP) for Temporary Water Pollution should be considered for inclusion in the Project Plans. but are not limited to.Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 Section 2 . and should be handled similar to Cross Sections. check dams. is to be shown on the stormwater information handout. layout information. depicting location and placement of the BMP’s. These Layout Sheets are not part of the contract plans. drainage inlet protection.25. When details and quantities are included in the Project Plans.

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Project Plans 2-2. Roadways with centerline stationing. contours of grading (existing and proposed).Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 On large complex projects.3A in Section 2-1. or confusing. unreadable. New contour grading shall be shown as solid lines. slope lines.3 of this manual.” Section 2 . Contour grading. warped. Existing contours shall appear as dropouts in the background. when minimal. may be shown on layout plan sheets where the addition of the contour grading to such sheets will not produce sheets which are cluttered. and benching are to be shown. Each sheet of the Contour Grading Plans shall have the following note included on them: “This plan accurate for Contour Grading work only. contour grading shall be shown on separate sheets.7 Contour Grading Plans Contour Grading Plan Sheets indicate the configuration of embankments and cuts when the shapes of these items are variable. Return to Section 2 Table of Contents 2-97 . or complex. See Table 2-1. Index contours are shown as a heavy line and shall be labeled with their elevations. Pavement elevations may be shown.

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Subsurface drainage items should be summarized on a separate quantity list and should not normally be shown on the drainage quantity list specified under Section 2-2.g. edge drains. Return to Section 2 Table of Contents. horizontal drains. and cleanouts shall be shown on the project plans. Drainage System No. such as drainage inlets. etc. Indicate what work is to be performed on existing facilities.. page 2-105. they may require preparation of separate sheets of plans. System numbering should not start and stop for each individual sheet of drainage plans. the Standard Plans show various methods to handle edge drain outlets. and subgrade drains may be shown on the Drainage Plan Sheets.. Subsurface drainage such as underdrains. Flow arrows are often helpful at inlet and outlet structures. “Place”. Drainage Details and Drainage Quantities. for each drainage system: (a) Size (b) Type (c) Location (station pluses) The station reference used for a drainage system is the point at which the culvert crosses or intersects the roadway centerline or profile grade. drainage pipes. otherwise they may be listed on the Summary of Quantities sheet.” Section 2 . e. whenever possible. Each drainage system shall be identified by number. Indicate ditches by standard symbols with arrowheads to show direction of flow. Edge drain outlets and vents should connect to drainage facilities. and cleanouts. Where subsurface drainage systems are large and complex. If such features are not available. Existing facilities shall appear as dropouts in the background. The type of edge drain outlets. A Drainage System Number shall be assigned to each drainage system on the project where work is to be performed. for new construction are superfluous. 1 Drainage Unit a . etc. and each element of the system shall be assigned a drainage unit designation. A list of abbreviations and symbols with their meanings should be included on the first sheet of the drainage plans.Project Plans 2-2. The quantity list of subsurface drainage items such as edge drains may require separate summary sheets. vents. b . The system numbering and units shall be consecutive throughout the project. A drainage system may consist of a single culvert with no appurtenances or may be a complex system consisting of several culverts and appurtenances feeding into a main culvert. such as “Abandon” or “Remove”.11 of this manual.Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 The drainage system number and unit designation shall correspond with those shown on the Drainage Profiles. page 2-113 2-101 .8 Drainage Plans Drainage plans should show layout and location of drainage facilities. The following data is to be given for each pipe culvert. box culvert. The words “Construct”. and overside drains. The proposed drainage work shall be shown as solid lines. vents. etc. Each sheet of the Drainage Plans shall have the following note included on them: “This plan accurate for Drainage work only. Do not duplicate abbreviations shown on Standard Plan Sheet A10A..

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etc. flared end sections. headwalls. A profile of each proposed drainage system shall be plotted on the Drainage Profile Sheets. inlet and outlet structures) shall be shown and labeled. wingwalls.Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 (e) Drainage System Number and Unit Designation (See Section 2-2. junction boxes.9 Drainage Profiles Where drainage facilities are to be installed. drainage inlets.). (b) Culvert appurtenances (including. but not limited to. Each Drainage Profile Sheet shall contain the following data for each drainage system: (a) Type. The length of pipe culvert for each individual Drainage Unit shown on the drainage profile sheet should be: (1) The estimated length of the pipe required expressed to the nearest 0. etc. The slope of the culvert may also be shown by percentage.5 m increment of pipe where the culvert is not between successive drainage structures (inlets. (d) All flow line elevations. and location of culverts.8). Drainage profiles are required so that they will allow the quantity of excavation and backfill to be determined which is needed to install or construct the system or remove a drainage facility. drainage profiles shall be prepared for inclusion in the plans. The length of pipe culvert for each individual Drainage Unit shown on the drainage quantity sheet shall be the same estimated pipe length shown on the drainage profile. and (2) The estimated length of the pipe required rounded up to the nearest 0. junction boxes.Project Plans 2-2.1 m for culverts between successive drainage structures (inlets. construct or remove a drainage facility. constructed or removed.). Excavation and backfill is included in the price paid for each item of work to install. Section 2 . (c) Existing groundline profile and finished grade. length. size. Return to Section 2 Table of Contents 2-105 . Drainage system number and unit designation must correspond with drainage plan sheets and quantities summary sheets.

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Project Plans 2-2. They usually depict special drainage structures. channel changes. Section 2 . Drainage Detail Sheets should not be confused with Drainage Plan Sheets. Return to Section 2 Table of Contents 2-109 . etc. Drainage system number and unit designation must correspond with drainage plan sheets and quantities summary sheets.10 Drainage Details The details shown on the Drainage Detail Sheets are unique to a specific project and those for which there are no Standard Plans. Drainage Plan Sheets show layouts of drainage systems.Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 Drainage details which are applicable to a specific Drainage System should be identified on the Drainage Detail Sheet by the corresponding Drainage System Number and Unit Designation. modifications to existing structures.

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Appurtenances for these culverts shall be entered under the same station as the culvert regardless of the skew or distance from centerline. or salvaged. Drainage System Number and Unit designation must correspond with drainage plan sheets and drainage profile sheets. Where circular reinforced concrete pipe is to be installed by other methods. Separate columns shall be provided for each size and type of pipe culvert. where the method of excavation and backfill shown on the Standard Plans will apply. Downdrains shall be referenced to the nearest centerline station. A separate column shall be shown for pipe culvert joint classification (standard. The maximum height of cover shall be shown to the nearest 0. the size and class of the associated length of circular reinforced concrete pipe shall be shown in the column headings. The dimension to be included in the “Height of Inlet” column shall be the calculated height rounded to the nearest 0. positive. installed. This is the ‘H’ dimension of drainage inlets as depicted on the Standard Plans for drainage inlets. shall be shown on separate lines. See Section 2-2. relaid.02 m increment. size. pay items. Columns shall be provided for all drainage facilities. Drainage facilities shall be referenced on the Drainage Quantities Sheet by station and by Drainage System Number and Unit Designation. Circular reinforced concrete pipe shall be shown by size only. or classification of all units of each drainage system. Where situations dictate watertightness for joints other than the downdrain type. A description column shall be provided on the Drainage Quantities Sheet showing name. the contractor will select the class of circular reinforced concrete pipe. such as headwalls and drainage inlets.Project Plans 2-2.11 Drainage Quantities This sheet consists of a summary of drainage facilities and appurtenances. A separate column shall be provided on the list as “maximum cover” which indicates the maximum cover over each length of circular reinforced concrete pipe culvert (or alternative pipe culvert where circular reinforced concrete pipe is allowable alternative pipe material option). adjusted. abandoned. such as drainage inlets. reset. Corrugated metal pipe culvert (steel or aluminum) shall be shown by size of pipe. Station. Inlet and outlet appurtenances for a culvert should be listed immediately above or Return to Section 2 Table of Contents. a note should be added to the list indicating which joints are to be made watertight. which are. type. wall thickness. which are to be constructed.Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 below the associated culvert.8 of this manual for definition and usage of Drainage System Numbers and Unit Designation. since the class of reinforced concrete pipe to be installed depends on the method of excavation and backfill. reconstructed. and the limits of cover as set forth in the Standard Plans. page 2-165 2-113 . and Section 2 . The station reference used for a drainage system is the point at which the culvert crosses or intersects the roadway centerline or profile grade. See the drainage quantities sample sheet.1 m. removed. Where sufficient space is available on the sheet the Drainage System Number and Unit Designation may appear on both edges of the sheet. Items of like or related nature are grouped together to facilitate checking and for ready reference. A space shall be provided between separate drainage systems. Culvert appurtenances such as elbows. as a separate system. modified. page 2-101. Units of the system which require separate calculations for pay quantities. they shall be referenced to roadway centerline at each end of the culvert or to the associated appurtenance at the end of the culvert. Oval shaped reinforced concrete pipe and reinforced concrete pipe arch shall be shown by size and class. which do not require a calculation. Where culverts are installed in the median or in roadside areas approximately parallel with the roadbed. In such cases. may be shown on the same line as the culvert. or downdrain). Station references shall match those shown on the Drainage Plan Sheet and Drainage Profile Sheet. Drainage System Number and Unit Designation shall be the last columns on the right edge of the sheet. Cover is defined as the maximum vertical distance from the top of pipe to finished grade. The column headings for pay items shall read the same as the description for the pay item shown in the Engineer’s Estimate. A separate column shall be provided on the list as “Height of Inlet”. remodeled.

Examples of this situation are shown in Table 2-2. lining. When there is only one set of allowable pipe materials for alternative pipe culvert of the same nominal size or hydraulic capacity.63 2. Two such examples of this situation are shown in Table 2-2. 450 mm APC (Type B). class (when applicable). the culvert shall be identified as alternative pipe culvert.7 NO NO —NO NO NO NO —NO NO Note: 900 mm Alternative Pipe Inlets and 900 mm Alternative Pipe Risers used with the alternative pipe culverts shown in this table shall be either Precast Concrete Pipe or Corrugated Steel Pipe (1. Where two or more pipe materials meet the physical standards and hydraulic requirements for a culvert.Project Plans corrugation type (annular and/or helical). Coat Bitum. TABLE 2-2. page 2-101. thickness. Coat Paved Invert Size (mm) CAP Thick (mm) Bitum.4 2. 900 mm APC (Type B). the type of alternative pipe culvert shall not be designated.77 2.5 1.63 mm thick).01 2.3 of the Highway Design Manual. page 2-165 2-114 . similar to Table 2-2.11: (1) 450 mm APC (Type A). the pipe culvert shall be designated as alternative pipe culvert (APC) Type A. etric June 2001 When there are two or more sets of allowable pipe materials for alternative pipe of the same nominal size or hydraulic capacity.5 —— 3.11 for 600 mm APC. Refer to Topic 853. Return to Section 2 Table of Contents. etc. Where metal pipes require bituminous coating.Caltrans Plans Preparation Manual Section 2 .01 NO YES YES YES YES NO NO YES YES NO 450* 600* —1050* 900* 1. size. A table of allowable pipe materials for alternative pipe culvert. Paved Invert 450 mm APC (TYPE A) 450 mm APC (TYPE B) 600 mm APC 900 mm APC (TYPE A) 900 mm APC (TYPE B) 450 450 600 900 900 450* 600* 750* 1050* 900* 1. The length of pipe culvert for each individual Drainage Unit shown on the drainage quantities sheet shall be the same estimated length of the pipe shown on the drainage profile. Bitum. Type B.63 1.11 ALTERNATIVE PIPE CULVERTS ALLOWABLE PIPE MATERIAL AND PROTECTION RCP DESIGNATION Size (mm) Size (mm) CSP Thick (mm) Bitum. or invert paving. * Either helical or annular corrugations are allowable. designating the type of material. show them as such in the column heading for the pipe culverts involved.11 shown herein. and (2) 900 mm APC (Type A). and protection shall be shown on the first sheet of the Drainage Quantities.

02 m. Precast reinforced concrete box culverts are paid for by length (meter). The items of structure excavation. gutter lining. structure backfill. page 2-165 2-115 . or salvaged. and warped wingwalls for pipe culverts 1500 mm and greater in diameter are paid for in the same manner as wingwalls for concrete box culverts. Final pay quantities are to be designated on the Engineer’s Estimate using (F) or (S-F) as appropriate for the item involved. remodeled. adjusting. downdrain slip joints.Project Plans Structure excavation.Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 Cast-in-place reinforced concrete box culverts and any associated headwalls. since the items are not paid for separately. Frames. Such concrete is not be designated by class or as minor concrete in the Engineer’s Estimate or on the plans. When conditions require isolation of quantities for construction of specific structures. reconstructed. grates. and channel lining. Do not identify final pay items on the plans. and culvert beddings required for installation of culverts shall not be shown on the Drainage Quantities Sheet. Quantities of minor concrete (minor structure) shall be shown to the nearest 0. Section 2 . Headwalls. The quantities for such shall be listed under the column heading of “Minor Concrete (Minor Structure)”. pipe downdrains. Return to Section 2 Table of Contents. endwalls. abandoned. and wingwalls shall not be shown on the drainage list. They are included in the price paid per meter for the culvert.01m3. page 2-101. The quantities for the concrete bases shall be listed under the column heading of “Minor Concrete (Minor Structure)”. The type of grate may be shown in a separate column or may be referred to in the description column. The dimension shown in the entries for the individual pay lengths shall be the ‘H’ dimension expressed to the nearest 0. Structure excavation. the column headings and items of work may be more specialized [for example: Class 1 concrete (box culvert) and bar reinforcing steel (box culvert) for box culvert construction]. and pervious backfill required for construction of all culvert headwalls. structure backfill and pervious backfill are included in the price paid per cubic meter for the concrete to construct such facilities. and warped wingwalls are paid for by the cubic meter of concrete (usually Class 1 concrete) and by the kilogram for bar reinforcing steel required for construction of such facilities. modified. Pipe inlets and pipe risers shall be shown under separate columns for the size. relaid. entrance tapers. and pipe headwalls as shown on Standard Plan D89 are usually paid for by the cubic meter as minor concrete (minor structure). and covers for drainage inlets (both concrete and pipe inlets) are normally paid for by the kilogram as miscellaneous iron and steel. and thickness (where applicable). endwalls. These items are not paid for separately. downdrain anchors. Certain pay items such as “minor concrete (minor structure)” and “miscellaneous iron and steel” are usually designated as final pay quantities. or warped wingwalls for large diameter pipe culverts are to be constructed. wingwalls. Remodeling. type. concrete arch culverts. ditch lining. reset. Concrete drainage inlets such as those shown on Standard Plans D72 and D73. adjusted. endwalls. structure backfill. Concrete bases for pipe inlets and pipe risers are usually paid for by the cubic meter as minor concrete (minor structure). Separate columns shall be used for the various existing drainage facilities. and concrete used for slope protection. Separate columns for Class 1 concrete (structure) and bar reinforcing steel shall be used when box culverts. Quantities of minor concrete (minor structure) shall be shown to the nearest 0. Separate columns are used for such items as flared end sections. A separate column should be used for the item of miscellaneous iron and steel.01 m3. which are to be removed. rock slope protection. endwalls. or modifying existing concrete drainage inlets may be paid for by the cubic meter of minor concrete (minor structure) necessary to perform the work involved or may be paid for by the unit (each). and headwalls.

but are included in other items of work.Project Plans Items of work shown in the columns which are not a separate pay item. page 2-165 2-116 . page 2-101. quantity totals for each pay item column shall appear at the bottom of the sheet. should be indicated with the symbol “(N)” in the column heading for such items and by adding the following note to the sheet: (N) = Not a separate pay item. Notes Return to Section 2 Table of Contents. Where the Drainage Quantities consists of more than one sheet.Caltrans Plans Preparation Manual Section 2 . sheet totals shall be shown as subtotal at the bottom of each individual sheet and the project totals for each pay item column shall appear on the last sheet of the Drainage Quantities. etric June 2001 Where the Drainage Quantities consists of one sheet. for information only.

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and Quantities Where extensive or complex sewer work is to be performed as contract work. Profiles.” or “Abandon”.Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 Section 2 . enlarge drawings so when reduced to 279 mm x 432 mm (11"x17") size they will be readable. Do not add sewer details or the sewer quantity list to the sewer plan (layout) sheet where such addition would produce sheets that are cluttered. Do not identify final pay items on the plans.Project Plans 2-2.” When using Standard Drawings from other agencies. Details. profiles along such lines shall be included in the plans.” “Relocate. or confusing. Existing sewer facilities shall appear as dropouts in the background. Where a large number of sewer details are to be included or where a large number of sewer pay items are involved. Where new sewer lines are to be constructed as contract items. separate sheets should be prepared to show sewer details and sewer quantities. the final pay quantities are to be designated on the Engineer’s Estimate using (F) or (S-F) as appropriate for the item involved. unreadable. Clearly define sewer work as to which is to be done by our contractor and which is to be done by others. Each sheet of the Sewer Plans shall have the following note included on them: “This plan accurate for Sewer work only. When final pay items are included in the sanitary sewer quantities. separate Sewer Plan Sheets shall be included in the project plans. Return to Section 2 Table of Contents 2-119 . Indicate what work is to be performed on existing facilities such as “Remove. Proposed sewer work shall be shown as solid lines.12 Sanitary Sewer Plans.

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All projects must conform to the “Policy on High and Low Risk Underground Facilities within Highway Rights of Way”. and negotiating utility agreements. This information shall be included in the final utility plans. it should be noted on the plan as “Depth exceeds 1. Exceptions to including utility facilities as part of the project plans may be made where the nature of the work to be done is such that there is little likelihood of damage to existing facilities. If they will not be readable. grooving. abandoned or new installations.2 m or more horizontally from the side of the excavation. such as remove. This is critical if hazardous pipe lines are involved. State-owned facilities shall be shown where they may affect the work.1 m below the lowest planned work. The utility section will provide the project engineer with any corrections and additions to the preliminary utility plan after review by the utility companies. Pot holing generally is required prior to advertising where high risk underground facilities may be affected.” Partial cross sections showing the relation of an existing utility to a proposed drainage pipe or bridge footing should be shown on the plans to avoid conflicts. High risk facilities are identified in the “Policy on High and Low Risk Underground Facilities within Highway Rights of Way” and in Standard Special Provision 8. High risk utilities must be shown in accordance with departmental policy on high and low risk underground facilities within the right of way.13 Utility Plans and Details Existing utilities are to be clearly and accurately depicted on the project plans. Refer to the “Policy on High and Low Risk Underground Facilities within Highway Rights of Way”. Submit any deviation from the policy to Chief. If the high risk facility is more than 1. If high risk utilities are involved on the project. Where utilities are to be relocated. pavement markers. possible utility conflicts. or landscaping.1 m below the lowest planned work or when the facility is 1. Encroachments and Resource Conservation in the Design Program for approval. The utility plans shall show what work is to be performed. profiles.Project Plans 2-2. Generally. asphalt concrete overlays. Utilities to be relocated (or removed or installed) prior to construction should be labeled on the plans as “To be relocated (or removed or installed) by others. It is responsibility of the project engineer to provide Right of Way Utility section with appropriate prints of geometric plans. Only horizontal alignment is necessary if the high risk facility is more than 1. existing and final location of the utilities are to be shown on the project plans. and curb ramp projects where planned excavation is 150 millimeters or less below the existing ground level and Return to Section 2 Table of Contents.1 m below planned work”. and cross sections as required for the purposes of determining the location. Clearly define utility work as to which is to be done by our contractor and which to be done by others. Where extensive or complex utility systems are to be shown.Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 • pavement removal or trenching beneath existing pavement where planned excavation is 300 millimeters or less below the existing road surface.02. relocate. Each sheet of the Utility Plans shall have the following note included on them: “This plan accurate for Utility work only. page 2-72 2-125 . separate sheets of utility plans and details shall be included in the project plans. both elevation and horizontal alignment of the facilities or only horizontal alignment need be shown on the plans. alignment and elevation for high risk facilities need not be shown for: • resurfacing. Include a copy of the approval with the PS&E submittal Existing utilities should be shown dropped out unless they would not be readable on prints or reductions. This information should be provided to the utility section when geometric approval is obtained. grinding. Office of Resolutions of Necessity. they should be darkened sufficiently to become readable as well as distinguishable from the new or relocated facilities.” Section 2 . Examples of such projects are grooving.

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The project’s overall Transportation Management Plan has the goal of congestion relief during project construction activities by managing traffic flow through and around the project area. The plans should include. “ Transportation Management Plan Guidelines”. but not be limited to. prepared by Traffic Operations Program .Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 Criteria for developing the overall Transportation Management Plan for the project is included in the publication.14 Transportation Management Plans Plans for project transportation management are to be included in the set of project plans as part of the project’s overall Transportation Management Plan to minimize activity-related traffic delays and accidents. Section 2 . Return to Section 2 Table of Contents 2-129 .Project Plans 2-2. closure alerts using portable changeable message signs. advance closure signs. and detour signing.Office of Systems Management Operations.

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and the traveled way to be used for all movements of traffic during each construction sequence. reference should be made to the Project Plan Sheets that show same. construction area signs. The components of the Traffic Handling Plan are normally paid for as separate pay items. Cross references should be made to the Utility Plan Sheet that applies. Where sufficient information to construct detours cannot be shown on the Stage Construction and Traffic Handling Plans. flashing yellow beacons. profiles. detours and the number of traffic lanes available for public traffic. which are for short periods of time. if they are not shown on the Stage Construction Plans. Existing roads or detours that have been replaced by permanent construction in previous stages shall not be shown on subsequent stages. The plans show long-term closures of lanes and ramps. such work shall be shown on the Stage Construction and Traffic Handling Plans and designated as work to be done by others. The symbols used shall show the following: (a) Existing roadbeds and those roadbeds completed on previous stage. If utility installation or relocation work by others is to be coordinated with the Contractor’s operations. and Detours These plans show the sequence of operation.Project Plans 2-2. Traffic Handling Plans show how traffic is to be routed and maintained within the limits of the project. Class 1 delineators. and typical cross sections to construct temporary roadways in the stage sequence shown. Traffic Handling Plan. work to be performed. temporary striping (edgelines. temporary pavement markers. etc.15 Stage Construction. The Stage Construction and Traffic Handling Plans shall include temporary drainage. These plans are unique for each individual project. Modification of existing traffic signals or installation of temporary signals may be required for stage construction and may be shown on the Electrical plan sheets provided a cross reference to the appropriate electrical plan sheet is included on the applicable stage construction plan sheet. Rerouting or detouring of traffic may require restriping of roadbeds. The Stage Construction Plans should contain sufficient alignment. Traffic Control System Plans show lane closures or ramp closures. centerlines. The traffic control systems shown on the Standard Plans are usually installed and removed on a daily basis. and Detour Plan shall have a note included on them as applicable to the work shown: Example: “This plan accurate for Stage Construction work only.” Return to Section 2 Table of Contents 2-135 . Stage Construction and Traffic Handling Plans and Detour Plans shall be included in the project plans when detours or staging of the work is needed. temporary pavement markings. However. temporary striping. Traffic Handling Plans.Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 Section 2 .). materials to be used. It is not necessary to show profiles and typical cross sections on the Stage Construction Plan Sheets if they are clearly shown elsewhere in the project plans. barricades. etc. separate Detour Plans shall be prepared. (b) Construction to be performed in the stage shown. The components of the Traffic Handling Plans consist of such items as channelizers. Pay quantities may be summarized with the Traffic Handling Plans or on the summary of quantities sheet. portable delineators. temporary signing. (c) Traffic direction and number of lanes available in the stage shown. Each sheet of the Stage Construction Plan. Traffic Handling Plans should not be confused with Traffic Control System Standard Plans (“T” Series). lane lines. and temporary lighting requirements. Each stage shown on the Stage Construction Plan shall show the sequence of construction by symbols and corresponding legend.

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Construction area signs on the “T” Series Standard Plans are not to be included in the construction area sign pay item. If construction area signs require stationary mounting. If construction area signs are to be stationary mounted. If locations of construction area signs can not also be shown graphically on the plans (e.Project Plans 2-2. the size and number of posts required shall be shown in the sign tabulation. A sign detail showing the sign message and message layout on the sign panel shall be included for all special construction area signs. Stage Construction Plans.g. Construction area sign quantities shall be summarized on the Construction Area Sign Plans and/or on the Traffic Handling Plans in tabular format giving the sign code number and size of sign panel. seal coat projects without layouts sheets). the Construction Area Signs (e. Construction area signs are to be shown on the Detour Plans. the approximate location of the signs (station or kilometer post or other information to describe the location) shall be shown in the sign tabulation. Stage Construction Plans. Utility facilities within the area where stationary mounted construction area signs are to be installed shall be shown on the plans. Each sheet of the Construction Area Sign Plans shall have the following note included on them: “This plan accurate for Construction Area Sign work only. and/or Traffic Handling plans are not required for the project. Construction area signs also appear on the Standard Plans for traffic control systems (“T” Series).g. and/or Traffic Handling Plans.Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 Section 2 . This Section 2-2. “Road Construction Ahead” and “End Construction” signs) are to be shown on the Construction Area sign plans.16 does not apply to those temporary signs illustrated on the “T” Series Standard Plans.16 Construction Area Signs Temporary Signing Construction area signs include all temporary signs required for the direction of public traffic through or around the work during construction. If Detour Plans.” Return to Section 2 Table of Contents 2-151 . they shall be designated as “stationary mounted” on the plans.

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” Return to Section 2 Table of Contents 2-155 . pavement markers. Details of standard pavement markings are included in the Standard Plans. Lines and pavement markings shall include lanelines. arrows. delineators. Temporary pavement delineation. special details for the particular situation shall be shown as part of the plans. The detail numbers are those shown in the Standard Plans. pavement markings. limit lines (stop line). if required. Where the details shown on the Standard Plans do not fit a particular situation. The summary of pavement delineation quantities should accompany the pavement delineation plans. Lane widths shall be indicated. Entries within the tabular format should be referenced to a line and station. crosswalks. channelizers. and markers (object and kilometer post) shall be included in the project plans. The limits and detail number for each line of markings shall be shown on the plans.Project Plans 2-2. should be included in the Stage Construction and/ or Traffic Handling Plans. kilometer post markers.Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 Section 2 . edgelines. Details and Quantities The plans shall include final traffic lines and pavement markings and pavement markers. and any other appropriate delineation. A summary of quantities for the items of traffic lines. and may include object markers.17 Pavement Delineation Plans. channelizing lines at exit and entrance ramp gores. channelizers and delineators. Each sheet of the Pavement Delineation Plans shall have the following note included on them: “This plan accurate for Pavement Delineation work only.

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Section 2 . for information only. Quantity summaries shall be in tabular format. use a space. dikes. When tables summarize quantities from other plan sections [for example. Do not use commas to group digits. Return to Section 2 Table of Contents 2-165 . the total amount of roadway excavation and embankment shall be shown.) A quantity table for a specific pay item should include detailed information on the location of the work to be performed. driveways. Do not identify final pay items on the plans. Entries within the table shall be referenced to a line and station for easy location on the plans. asphalt concrete walkways. If earthwork quantities are not shown on the profiles. Quantities must be calculated for items such as miscellaneous concrete construction (curbs. Items of work shown on the summary of quantities sheet which are not a separate pay item.Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 The tables for place asphalt concrete (miscellaneous areas) should include areas which cannot be placed with an asphalt concrete spreader such as asphalt concrete overside drains. asphalt concrete aprons. Earthwork quantities are normally to be shown on the Full Profile Sheet or the profile portion of the plan (layout) sheet.Project Plans 2-2. Place Asphalt Concrete (Miscellaneous Area) from drainage quantities] describe their origin by note. (Example: “From Drainage Quantities”). Summary headings shall match description for the pay item shown in the Engineer’s Estimate. and fencing. guard railing. describe where the additional information can be found. (Example: Note: See Structures plans for additional concrete barrier quantities. Drainage quantities shall be included on the Drainage Quantities Sheet (See Section 2-2. Use the same amount of decimal places on the plan and the quantity summaries (same degree of accuracy). should be indicated with the symbol “(N)” in the column heading for such items and by adding the following note to the sheet: (N) = Not a separate pay item. they shall be summarized on the summary of quantities sheet. When final pay items are included in the summary of quantities.18 Summary of Quantities Quantity summaries shall be included in the project plans to aid in determining the location and quantities for pay items which are located throughout the plans. gutter depressions. the final pay quantities are to be designated on the Engineer’s Estimate using (F) or (S-F) as appropriate for the item involved. Do not simply repeat the item by item listing shown in the Engineer’s Estimate as the summary of quantities. and island paving. Regardless of where the earthwork quantities are summarized on the plans. sidewalks and so on). valley gutters. and sidewalks. If the quantity shown on the summary does not include all the quantity for an item. pipe downdrain flares. but are included in other items of work.11). Tables for minor concrete (miscellaneous construction) should include curb.

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Details. lightweight.Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 Section 2 . New roadside signs and overhead signs. relocated. sign details and sign quantities list. or reconstructed. truss. reset. Do not identify final pay items on the plans. salvaged. When final pay items are included in the sign quantities. Sign quantities for roadside signs and overhead signs shall be summarized in tabular formats. and Quantities Permanent Signing The sign plans show existing roadside signs and overhead signs that are to be removed. are also shown on the sign plans. Each sheet of the Sign Plans shall have the following note included on them: “This sheet accurate for Sign work only. should be indicated with the symbol “(N)” in the column heading for such items and by adding the following note to the sheet: (N) = Not a separate pay item. The signs shall not be positioned on the sheet in the direction of traffic. modified. which are to be installed or constructed. for information only. Roadside signs and overhead signs shall be drawn on the sign plan sheet so that the sign message can be read from the bottom of the sheet.” Return to Section 2 Table of Contents 2-175 . but are included in other items of work.) are paid for by the kilogram and usually designated as final pay quantities. etc. the final pay quantities are to be designated on the Engineer’s Estimate using (F) or (S-F) as appropriate for the item involved. Items of work shown in the columns of the sign quantities which are not a separate pay item. Each sign or sign structure shall be identified by an individual sign number that shall correspond to that used on the sign plan. The items for furnish and install sign structures (tubular.19 Sign Plans.Project Plans 2-2.

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and pile spacing and depth. The retaining wall plans should include a plan view. page 2-187 2-181 .” Return to Section 2 Table of Contents. thickness of footing (if on spread footing). Loading conditions and foundation requirements are outlined in the Standard Plans. Foundation investigations are made either by the district’s materials unit or the Division of Engineering Services-Office of Structures Design Foundation. Special wall details. gutter. The elevation and location of existing facilities to be abandoned or to remain in place during retaining wall construction shall be shown. When both Structures and District designed retaining walls are in a project care should be exercised in combining the quantities and contract items. Where more than one wall is to be constructed on the project. The original ground. the pile cap elevation if on piles. utility openings. finished grade. finished grade and drainage at back of wall is to be shown on the retaining wall typical section. height of wall or elevation of the wall. The elevation view shall also show: the footing elevation. fences. shall be included in the plans. Each sheet of the Retaining Wall Plans shall have the following note included on them: “This plan accurate for Retaining Wall work only. Details and Quantities Standard Plans are available for a variety of earth retaining systems (retaining walls). as applicable to wall construction. expansion joint locations. For sites with requirements that are not covered by the Standard Plans. The elevation view should show (and be identified as such): top of wall and top of footing elevations. The plan view is to show the retaining wall layout line and the varying width of the footing. drainage features. a cumulative quantity summary identifying quantities for each wall involved. Retaining walls are to be shown on the Typical Cross Sections for relative placement. a special design earth retaining system is required. and original groundline at the wall layout line. A foundation investigation should be made for all locations at which a retaining wall is being considered. Refer to Topic 210 of the Highway Design Manual.20 Retaining Wall Plans. When log of test boring information is developed. it shall be included with the retaining wall plans as log of test boring sheets.Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 Section 2 . such as sign bases.Project Plans 2-2. and concrete barriers should be shown on the plan sheet of the wall concerned or included on a separate detail sheet with the wall plan sheets. typical section and quantities.

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and concrete barriers should be shown on the plan sheet of the wall concerned or included on a separate detail sheet with the sound wall plan sheets.” Return to Section 2 Table of Contents 2-187 . As a minimum.21 Sound Wall Plans. Details.20). Each sheet of the Sound Wall Plans shall have the following note included on them: “This plan accurate for Sound Wall work only. the sound wall plan sheets are to show the horizontal alignment of the wall. The sound wall plans shall also include the applicable standard sound wall detail sheets and aesthetic features sheet. and Quantities Standard drawings for noise barriers (sound walls) have been developed by Office of Structures Design and insertable sheets are available to the districts. Where more than one sound wall is to be constructed on the project. shall be included in the plans. such as utility openings. Special wall details. it shall be included with the sound wall plans as log of test boring sheets. fences. drainage features. When log of test boring information is developed. the wall profile and a typical section. Foundation investigations are made either by the district’s materials unit or the Division of Engineering Services .Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 Section 2 . For additional design criteria refer to Topic 1102 of the Highway Design Manual. Refer to Section 1100 of the Highway Design Manual. A foundation investigation should be made for all locations at which a sound wall is being considered. The standard designs include several material options for construction of sound walls. The information required for the construction of sound walls is similar to that required for the construction of retaining walls (see Section 2-2. as applicable to wall construction.Project Plans 2-2. a cumulative quantity summary identifying quantities for each sound wall involved.Office of Structures Design Foundation.

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Details and Quantities These plans show planting and irrigation layouts.22 Planting and Irrigation Plans. Return to Section 2 Table of Contents 2-193 . The manual entitled “Landscape Architecture Standards Manual” and applicable Standard Plans are to be utilized in the preparation of Planting and Irrigation plans. The above-referred manual is available from Caltrans Publication Distribution Unit. details and quantities.Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 Section 2 .Project Plans 2-2.

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Caltrans symbols and abbreviations as shown on Standard Plans ES-1A. with non-pertinent details and notes removed. Lighting. Generally. location number of work. and A10B are to be used to prepare these plan sheets. E-2. the following: • • • • • SIGNAL AND LIGHTING LIGHTING SIGN ILLUMINATION LIGHTING AND SIGN ILLUMINATION CHANGEABLE MESSAGE SIGN SYSTEM • EXTINGUISHABLE MESSAGE SIGN SYSTEM Modifiers are not needed unless their use helps in understanding the work. The only other information to be shown at the lower right corner of the sheet is the modifier. A10A. If shown. date signed and seal of the lowest classification licensed person in responsible charge for preparation of the plans. Temporary. etc. City. and street names of intersections at signal installations. etc. Because Signal. and such plan sheets shall have the signature. and they also are included in the respective bid item. Lighting. should be avoided. page 2-17 2-201 . Bidders must be able to identify all work with its associated bid item. ES-1B. and Electrical System work is usually paid for on a lump sum basis. Location 1. if involved. shall be included as part of the project plans. (3) Standard Drawings from Other Agencies. Standard drawings from other agencies can normally be incorporated on project plan sheets. The addition of work not covered in these areas. Lighting and Electrical System work is work that is normally covered under Section 86 of the Standard Specifications and the “ES” series of Standard Plans. It is desirable that plan sheets should show the work of only one bid item. Detour..Project Plans 2-2. (2) Plan Sheet Names Plan sheet names for Signal. Remove. Sheet identification codes are E-1. but not be limited to. such as. Reference only to the standard drawing number is not acceptable. and the plan sheet name will include each item. Lighting and Electrical System plans shall conform to. Modifiers may be used when appropriate. Quality of such incorporated standard drawings must be such that plans will be legible when reduced. are examples of modifiers which may be used. the work should be properly referenced for payment. plan sheet names should match the bid items for the work shown. Standard drawings of other agencies. such as signs covered elsewhere. unit or combination bid items must clearly define the pay items for each portion of work. when applicable to the project. Structure lighting plans are generally prepared from dropouts of the General Plan of the structure involved.Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 • • • • • • FLASHING BEACON RAMP METERING SYSTEM TRAFFIC MONITORING STATION INTERCONNECTION SYSTEM COMMUNICATION CONDUIT ELECTRIC SERVICE (IRRIGATION) Section 2 . Return to Section 2 Table of Contents. Plan sheets that show the work of more than one lump sum.23 Signal. Modifiers should be placed in parentheses at the right or below the main plan name. the project engineer will sign these sheets. and Electrical System Plans and Details (1) General Signal.

if numbered.Project Plans (4) Notes Notes should be brief and direct. Lighting and Electrical System Plans shall have the following note included on them: “This plan accurate for Electrical work only. Each sheet of the Signal.” Notes Return to Section 2 Table of Contents. Project notes that are specific for one or more locations shall be numbered and enclosed with a square to match the designation shown at the plan work locations. Example: 1 . they are not enclosed in a square. etric June 2001 Non-standard legends and abbreviations should not be mixed with the project notes.Caltrans Plans Preparation Manual Section 2 . Equipment or material designations are drawn inside circles: Example: A . page 2-17 2-202 . Notes should be located on or before the first plan sheets that they apply to. General notes applicable to the project are either not numbered or. Detailed word descriptions belong in the special provisions. but it is desirable that they be on the same plan sheet.

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As-Built Log of Test Borings Sheets may be used in the imperial units provided that the metric layout line be placed on the plan view and tied to the original boring locations in dual dimensions (imperial and metric). horizontal and vertical clearances. Plans are sent to the Districts for a check on all data pertaining to horizontal and vertical alignment and for verification of clearances. All other detail sheets are to be dimensioned in millimeters. some sound walls. Deck Contours. page 2-21 2-211 . General Plan. Section 2 . Examples of pertinent dimensions would be right of way widths. the design and aesthetic features of new buildings such as maintenance stations. roadside rest. pumping plants. see Caltrans Bridge Design Details Manual.24 Structures (Bridge Plans and Details) The Office of Structures Design has the responsibility of preparing bridge plans. pertinent dimensions within railroad right of way shall be shown in dual units with metric units being primary and English units in parenthesis.Project Plans 2-2. For projects where railroads are involved. rail elevations and track layout dimensioning. and additions and modifications to existing buildings or miscellaneous transportation facilities. Standard drawings applicable to building related work are available from the Transportation Architecture Branch of the Office of Structures Design. are the responsibility of the Office of Structures Design. For more guidelines on Strutures (Bridge Plans and Details). retaining walls and earth retaining structures. This will provide consistency with the metric stationing and lane widths shown on the road plans. In addition to bridge plans. Return to Section 2 Table of Contents. Foundation Plan and Log of Test Boring sheets should be dimensioned in meters. All other dimensioning on the plans shall be shown in metric only.Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 The structure depth on the Typical Section of the General Plan should be dimensioned in millimeters.

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superelevation diagrams. page 2-95 2-229 . earthwork tabulations. profile gradient information. bidders will be notified in the “Notice to Contractors” that such cross sections will be available for inspection through the District Office of the district in which the project is located. Copies of the cross sections will be made available to the bidders at the bidder’s expense through the District Office. contour grading plans.Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 Where cross sections were prepared to assist in the design of a project. cross sections will not normally be made available to bidders. Return to Section 2 Table of Contents. Where sufficient information is included in the plans via typical cross sections. pavement elevations. They are considered supplemental information included for the convenience of bidders and the Resident Engineer.Project Plans 2-2. Section 2 . or combinations thereof.25 Cross Sections (Roadway) Cross sections are no longer being considered part of the contract documents for Caltrans contracts.

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Prints shall be made of each sheet of the original plans and furnished to the Resident Engineer by the district. All supplemental sheets shall be direct reading and of a quality which will produce good microfilm. 3. Except for certain projects that do not have a State representative on construction.2 Preparation Procedures (Roadway) Each sheet of the original project plans must be identified as “As Built” when data is transferred from the prints. The changes shall be transferred in such manner that they will produce good quality microfilm. Section 2 . Changes shall be transferred to the original project plan sheets in red ink if manually drafted and in contrasting (slant or italics) text if computer drafted. “As Built” plans may be used as base information to prepare proposed project plans and as such should reflect all changes made during construction. page 2-21 2-231 . Extensive changes that cannot be made clearly on the original plan sheet should be made on a new supplemental sheet. The original electronic files may be retained in the District or Structures to be used for “As Built” plans. All electronic files in DES-OE for a particular project are deleted immediately after the District and/or Structures has verified receipt of the complete and correct electronic project files as advertised from DES-OE. The original project plan sheet of all road plans (full size prints of the electronic bid set of roadway plans) will be forwarded to the district for record purposes. All lettering must be clear and legible.Project Plans 2-3 AS BUILT PLANS 2-3.2 of this manual. The district shall maintain the set of original road plan sheets. The new sheet shall be signed by the responsible registered engineer (Resident Engineer or Construction Engineer) and included with the “As Built” originals.Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 Each sheet of the prints.1 GENERAL “As Built” plans are the original project plan sheets which have been updated showing construction phase changes. The electronic signature and seal of the responsible registered engineer (Resident Engineer or Construction Engineer) is placed in the file on Level 62. and afterwards transferred to the original plan sheets in the district office so that they then become the “As Built” originals. and the name of the Resident Engineer or structures representative included thereon. Do not eradicate original figures or make corrections over them. districts will be responsible for all “As Built” road plans. Original data that is superseded shall be lined out and still remain legible. should be clearly identified as such. The original project plan sheets of all sheets with “Structure” signature blocks will be forwarded to the Office of Structures Design. When the electronic file is used to record changes during construction. Refer to “Metric Plan Dimensioning” in Section 2-1. 2. Most districts use rubber stamps for “As Built” identification. which are to be used for “As Builts”. revisions are noted by lining out the original information shown on various levels and inserting the “As Built” information on Level 62. 2-3. Lettering shall conform to Section 1-2. and the Office of Structures Design will be responsible for all “As Built” structure plans. Field changes shall be made to prints by the Resident Engineer. Immediately after a contract is awarded.3 of this manual. Headquarters Microfilm Services unit will microfilm the original project plans and distribute the originals and microfilm as follows: 1. The original microfilm of the plans (in roll form) will go to the Department’s security file. All sheets upon which changes are made must contain the name of the Resident Engineer or structures representative. Return to Section 2 Table of Contents.

The prints can then be destroyed. see Section 3-05-3 of the Construction Manual. islands. or gates added or revised during the contract. A microfilm set of the “As Built” plans is made for Department archives. the following data should be shown on “As Built” plans: 1. 2. Return to Section 2 Table of Contents 2-232 . the district shall forward a print of the “As Built” file of the road plans to Headquarters Microfilm Services. Location of sewers. Revision in alignment and right of way. Construction quantities. Forward all sheets. Do not show the following on “As Built” plans: 1. 8. Miscellaneous small features. 4. 5.Caltrans Plans Preparation Manual Section 2 . and other features.Project Plans In order to attain uniformity in final road plans. Revision in location of utility crossings made during the contract. bench marks. which are readily changed by maintenance forces. see Section 3-05-4 of the Construction Manual. freeway fences. 6. 2. Property fences. Revision of typical sections. and station of culverts. Curb and gutter changes.4 Projects Not On State Highways For information concerning this topic. The prints from which the “As Built” changes were made shall become the district’s copy of the plans until such time as the microfilm (aperture cards) and the original “As Built” plans (if requested by the district) are returned from Microfilm Services. ramps. Location of monuments. and service points. 3. 10. including those with no construction changes. 11. 9. road connections. 3. pull boxes. 12. flow line elevations. 7. show which alternate was used. Drainage changes. The “As Built” plans shall be forwarded as soon as possible after completion of the contract. frontage roads. conduits. 2-3. and median openings. size. Contract order number when the change is made under this procedure. Grade revisions in excess of 30 mm. etric June 2001 When a project is completed. sidewalks. When alternate types of culverts are permitted.3 Preparation Procedures (Bridges and Structures) For information concerning these procedures. Change in pavement lanes. Changes in length. tapers. 2-3. Electrical conduits. driveways. such as guide posts.

dgn files in DES-OE for a particular project will be deleted on the date listed in the “Second Notice.3 Contract Change Order Changes to a contract may be necessary during the construction of any project. A change is made with a Contract Change Order (CCO). Note: the project engineer may request a scanned copy of a particular redline plan sheet from the DES-OE-Spec Engineer (SE) only if it is necessary to convey the redline plan change. replacement or additional plan sheets after the original PS&E submittal.dgn) of the Project Plans as submitted to DES-OE. 2-3. The AsAwarded project plans are microfilmed and stored by the HQ Microfilm Unit. DES-OE will send the District a “Second Notice. DESOE Project Plans Unit will send the district a “First Notice.dgn copy of the As-Awarded project plans in case Construction needs any of the . The Structures portion of the project plans will be handled by DES-OE directly with Structure Office Engineer and the structures design engineer. A CCO is a legally binding document used to make changes to the contract.1 Draft Contract Ready After PS&E submittal by a district. and will receive another “First Notice. It is recommended that the district keep the MicroStation files (.Updated .Plans Preparation Manual Section 2 – Project Plans December 2005 2-3 AFTER PS&E 2-3. Return to Section 2 Table of Contents T2-231 .” acknowledging that the plans portion of the district’s PS&E submittal has been received. The SE prepares a Quality Feedback and DCR memo to be sent back to the district project engineer along with the final Special Provisions. discusses and agrees with the DCC. These .dgn files. the final project plans will be available to be viewed on the web in TIFF format. For further instructions on the DCR process.” Upon a complete review of the district PS&E submittal. DES-OE develops Draft Contract Comments (DCC).dgn files include any addenda that may have occurred during the advertisement of the project. the District Responses (DR) are returned to DES-OE. After the Project Plans Unit (PPU) has completed the redline changes to the plans. Any change or correction after the DCC must be handled by addenda.2 As-Awarded After a project has been awarded to the winning bidder.” It is recommended that the District keep a . the district has their only opportunity to respond to any redline change before the printing of the PS&E package (Bid Set.dgn files during the course of constructing the project. In reviewing the DCC.” which instructs the District to copy back the As-Awarded . contact DES-OE. 2-3. There may be cases where the district submits revised.) After the district reviews. All . The Draft Contract Ready (DCR) process finalizes the contract documents for advertisement. The As-Awarded plans are to be used when developing the As-Built plans at the completion of construction.

dgn files on Level 62. Depending on the nature of the change. the following data should be shown on “As Built” plans: • • • • • Revision of alignments and right of way. The changes shall be made in such a manner that they will produce good quality microfilm. Return to Section 2 Table of Contents T2-232 . Before the As-Built plans can be completed. sidewalks. Construction will usually consult with or get concurrence from the project engineer when the change affects the design of the project.Updated . For the final As-Built plans. All As-Built plans must be clearly identified as such. each replacement or additional project plan sheet must contain the signature and seal of a registered engineer.4 As-Builts (Roadway Plans) As-Built plans are the original project plan sheets that have been updated showing changes that occurred during construction. Grade revisions in excess of 30 mm. In order to attain uniformity. December 2005 The Resident Engineer can make the field changes to hard copy prints (afterwards transferred to the original As-Awarded project CADD files) or directly to the AsAwarded project CADD files themselves. 2-3. For instructions on how to complete the As-Built changes in the As-Awarded project CADD . and service points. • Curb and gutter changes. For a comprehensive look at how the CCO process works. Districts will be responsible for all As-Built road plans. see Chapter 4 of the CADD Users Manual. Accurate project plans are needed for possible litigation involving construction claims and tort liability suits. see Chapter 5 of the Construction Manual. see Chapter 5 of the Construction Manual. All plan sheets containing changes must have the name of the Resident Engineer. If replacement or additional sheets are generated by the CCO. For further information on data shown on As-Built plans. see Section 2-1. pull boxes. the Construction Contract Acceptance (CCA) date. As-Built plans represent the existing field conditions at the completion of a project. Do not eradicate original figures or make corrections over them. Revisions made to typical sections. revisions are noted by lining out the original information but it must still remain legible. and median openings.dgn files. they must have the signature and seal of a registered engineer (whether the engineer be from Design or Construction) who is most responsible for the change. All lettering must be legible. Except for certain projects that do not require a State representative on site during construction. Drainage changes. islands.Plans Preparation Manual Section 2 – Project Plans Construction is the lead in handling CCOs.3 of this manual. Change in pavement lanes. and may be used as reference or base mapping for future projects. • Revision in the location of utility crossings and facilities made during construction. • Electrical conduits. and the contract number. If using As-Built dimensioning or As-Built Log of Test Boring sheets. The final As-Built changes shall be completed in the original As-Awarded project CADD .

The DS-D0144E form must also be sent to DES CADD Services in order to obtain the “Second Notice” original project CADD files. the AsBuilt plans redline corrections can be placed on either a hardcopy set of the As-Awarded (Second Notice files) plans or a copy of the “Second Notice” project CADD files. The corrections are shown. to depict what was actually constructed.Plans Preparation Manual Section 2 – Project Plans When the As-Built plans are completed.) For further guidance on archiving of AsBuilt plans to the DRS Unit. The responsible Project Engineer must submit the form DSD0144 (Change to Contract Drawings) or DS-D0144E (Request for Electronic Contract Drawings) to the Structure Design Document Unit to obtain hardcopies of the “Second Notice” files.S Customary Units Structural Detailing Standards.) When making the redline corrections on a copy of the As-Awarded project CADD files. For more information please see Bridge Memo To Designers 1-16. When a . TIFF files shall also be placed in the Bridge Inspection Retrieval Information System (BIRIS. in red. For archiving purposes. a MicroStation redline program is used by the Structure Representative. Changes are to be made on Level 62 using Color 62.dgn file does not exist. Structure Construction will log the redline corrections and forward them to the appropriate Design Branch (which may be a consultant if it was a consultant design project. then the original hard copy As-Built print shall be scanned to a TIFF file. The appropriate Design Branch or consultant (if it was a consultant design project) will finalize the As-Built plan process. and Chapter 5 of the Construction Manual. For redline corrections made.1 through 120. The Structure Representative then sends the As-Built plans redline corrections (either hardcopy or electronic) to DES Structure Construction.dgn As-Built plans and send them to the Document Retrieval System (DRS) Unit at HQ CADD. As-Built plans must be submitted to the DRS Unit within the allotted time as described in the Project Development Procedures Manual (PDPM. Return to Section 2 Table of Contents T2-233 . the Structure Representative uses the records of changes made to the structures during construction. 2-3.dgn As-Built plans and send them to the DRS Unit. to redline a set of contract plans. see Chapter 5 of the Construction Manual. DES-Structures or consultant shall create TIFF files from the completed .Updated .dgn file does not exist. Contact DES-Structures for further information about detailing standards. The Design Branch or consultant will request the “Second Notice” files to add the redline corrections. The Design Branch or consultant must follow the procedures for As-Built redline corrections as outlined in the Bridge Design Details Manual. Drafting standards will be maintained using December 2005 Caltrans Metric Structural Detailing Standards or Caltrans U.5. then the original hard copy As-Built print shall be scanned to a TIFF file.6 Projects Not on State Highways For information concerning this topic.) 2-3. When a . the District shall create TIFF files from the .5 As-Builts (Structure Plans) After construction is complete. pages 1-20. see Chapter 4 of the CADD Users Manual and Chapter 15Section 3 of the PDPM.

......................................2B Route Adoption Controlled Access Highway .......................................................2A Route Adoption Freeway ........................................2 Route Adoption Map.................................5 New Public Road Connection Request ....... 3-2 3-2.....................................................................................................................................................................................Preliminary Project Development Drawings SECTION PAGE NO..........................................................................Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 TABLE OF CONTENTS Section 3 ....................... 3-1.............................3 Photogrammetric Maps .......................................................................................3-11 Figure 3-2................. MAPS AND EXHIBITS .................. 3-1 3-1..................5A New Public Road Connection Area of Interest Map ......................... INTRODUCTION ............2D Route Redesignation ...............................................................................................................1 General ...... 3-2 3-2....................2C Route Adoption Conventional Highway........................................... 3-2 3-1....... 3-2 3-2...... 3-16 Figure 3-2....... 3-2 3-2.......2 Maps ..............................1 General .... 3-18 Return to Main Table of Contents ... 3-17 Figure 3-2........5 Plans ............................................................. 3-9 Figure 3-2.......... 3-7 FIGURES Figure 3-1.................................... 3-5 3-2.......................................SPECIFIC DATA ...................................... 3-4 3-2...................4B Freeway Agreement Symbol .................................... 3-1 3-1................................................................................................................. 3-1 3-1...........................6 PUC Exhibit ..................4 Freeway/Controlled Access Highway Agreement Exhibits .....................3 Strip Map ..................................................................................... BRIDGE SITE MAPS .................................................................................3A Photogrammetric Map ..... 3-5 3-3............................... 3-10 Figure 3-2.................................................................................................................. 3-15 Figure 3-2...............4A Freeway Agreement Geometric ...................................3A Route Adoption Area of Interest Map ..........................................4 Working Drawings .... 3-4 3-2.................................................................................................................4C Freeway Agreement Symbol 2 ........................................... 3-14 Figure 3-2......................................... 3-12 Figure 3-2............................................. 3-1 3-1........................... 3-13 Figure 3-2........................................................

hypsographic. which dictates its minimum content. Photogrammetric map content may also differ as indicated in Section 3-1. Frequently. the same basic drawing can be used to meet the needs of several specific drawings by the addition of appropriate notes. Photogrammetric map scales and contours intervals vary widely. and specialized projects. A map showing only planimetric features (not relief) is a “planimetry map”. and designing improvements or replacements to existing facilities. hydrographic (water). The uses and minimum contents are described and illustrated by examples. hypsographic (contours and elevation information).). titles. consideration should be given to maps produced by photogrammetric methods. definition of boundaries. etc. They are a medium for studying. such as cultural (man made). Features. brush orchards. Suggestions along these lines are included in the discussion of the various preliminary project development drawings which follow. Relief is normally shown by contours or spot elevations. planning. A map showing only relief is a “hypsographic map”. recording. Each drawing has a definite use. These features consist of essentially two things relief and planimetry. Table 3-1 indicates the most commonly used scales and contours intervals on maps. Maps serve as means of locating. etc.1 General This Section deals with various drawings which are prepared during the development of a project. and Drawings corners is a “cadastral map”. planning. A map depicting both relief and planimetry is “topographic map”.3 Photogrammetric Maps 3-1 INTRODUCTION 3-1. or topographic features. Planimetry is a representation of man made culture and natural features. may be omitted or added depending on the particular map requirements.Caltrans Section 3 Plans Preparation Manual Plans Preparation Manual Section 3 . these maps are used for design.5 m 1m 2m 5m 0. In the California etric Department of Transportation (Caltrans) such maps are commonly referred to as right of way maps.25 m 5m+ 1:1000 Planning Specialized Projects 1:2000 1:5000 1:100 1:5000 3-1.2. On all projects. 3-1. and a minimum of delineation. areas. In the California Department of Transportation.2 Maps A map is a graphic representation to a definite scale of the existing features of the earth’s surface. page 1-1 3-1 . TABLE 3-1 PURPOSE Design SCALE 1:200 1:500 CONTOUR INTERVAL 0. and referring to planimetric.Preliminary Project Development Drawing June 2001 Preliminary Project Development A map showing primarily the extent of property ownership.25 m 0. vegetation (trees. Return to Section 3 Table of Contents..

Duplicates of these maps can be used as base mapping for several of the drawings discussed in this Section. Examples of working drawing are geometric approval drawings and bridge site maps. 3-2. page 1-1 3-2 .htm. see Figure 3-1. The following map formats are used in the selection or designation of highway routes by the California CTC: (a) freeway or a controlled access highway (b) conventional highway (c) route redesignation (2) Format (a) The form for the title and certificate for the four example formats are shown in Figures 3-2. They are used extensively to show the relationship of a project to the surrounding road and street system and to study various alternate geometric designs for a project. Working drawings are generally produced by computer automated drafting machines. A more in depth discussion of the policies and standards regarding Route Adoptions can be found in Chapter 23 of the Project Development Procedures Manual. Generally.3A at the end of this Section. and the phrase “and declared a controlled access highway” is added to the certification. For conventional highway adoptions no special designation need be added to the title block or the certification. and designs of a project. Frequently. For controlled access highway adoptions. Transportation System Information Program personnel maintain the County Road System mapping. the phrase “A CONTROLLED ACCESS HIGHWAY” is added to the title block.4 Working Drawings A working drawing is a picture or sketch depicting in graphic form the studies. and the wording “and declared a freeway “ is added to the CTC Executive Director’s certification. 3-1. Project plans are discussed in Section 2 of this manual. trials. project plans.2D at the end of this Section.ca. or by means of instruments and to various degrees of accuracy according to their intended uses.2A through 3-2. the phrase “A FREEWAY” is added to the title block. Return to Section 3 Table of Contents. 3-2 MAPS AND EXHIBITS SPECIFIC DATA 3-2. This requires careful selection of the base map. For freeway adoptions. a working drawing serves as an intermediate process or tool in arriving at a final product. Files of the examples in dgn format will be available on the intranet at http://onramp.gov/hq/design/ prjdevp/index. etric June 2001 There are numerous sources of mapping for use in preparing project development drawings.5 Plans A plan is a working drawing showing a design in its final form. These are planimetric maps. For further information concerning the use of photogrammetric maps contact your District Photogrammetry Coordinator or the Office of Geometronics. 3-1. the same base map can be used to develop several of the drawings described in this Section.dot. Project plans are the product of all the preliminary planning and designing which previously appeared on various maps and drawings.1 General Preliminary project development drawings are typically developed at a scale of 1:2000 or smaller.Caltrans Plans Preparation Manual Section 3 . For a sample of a Photogrammetric Map.2 Route Adoption Map (1) General The purpose of the Route Adoption Map is to document the location and designation of a highway route that has been approved by the California Transportation Commission (CTC). working drawings. Standard Plan A10B and the Caltrans CADD Cell Library contain the standard symbols used for design mapping by photogrammetric methods.Preliminary Project Development Drawings Photogrammetric maps may be utilized for reports. etc.

In rural areas all existing public roads or streets are to be delineated. Reference to either Return to Section 3 Table of Contents 3-3 . (d) The existing State highway is shown by two or more parallel lines and further identified by an attendant phrase. When either end of the route adoption limits is identical to a previous adoption. A route redesignation map does not require either certification or signature blocks. (c) Existing freeways. The title will reflect the route to be redesignated. another is whether it is open for public use. In bold. multilane facility may be shown using four parallel lines. A roadway can be a “public highway” even though it is not an official “county road” or “city street”.3A at the end of the section. the map may be prepared on mylar film. Preparation of the base map will follow standard mapping practice. (3) Area of Interest Map This is a 216 mm x 279 mm (8 1/2" x 11") reproducible of a District. Local streets may be drawn using a single or a double line. regardless of who pays for maintenance. depending on the scale of the map. streets. “Existing State Highway”. see Figure 3-2. • The identification of the present State highway shown by parallel open lines. or city map showing all State highways and major local roads when pertinent. county. roads. The major arterials in the corridor and most streets in proximity to the proposed route should be shown in urban areas. A dgn file should also be submitted for the CTC Report. The date the CTC redesignates the route will be added to the map by the State and Local Project Development Program. consideration should be given to using two or more map sections. One of the factors to be considered in determining if a roadway is a public highway is whether it is being maintained at public expense. large lettering the note “Project Location” shall be added with a large arrow pointing to the location of the project.Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 unincorporated towns or communities by name only or to incorporated city limit lines subject to change should be avoided. District files should clearly document the facts upon which the determination is based. unconstructed freeway and labeled with the date of the freeway adoption. (g) The map drafting style to be used for all route locations include: • A heavy solid line showing the location of the proposed State highway and identified by the phrase “Location of State Highway”. Private roads are not to be shown in any case. (4) Processing The original map and Area of Interest Map should be transmitted in a rigid map tube to avoid damage during mail handling. It is not necessary that the roadway be paved to be considered a public highway. for example: streets. railroads. (e) The route adoption limits in the title should refer to delineated features. Another test that can be applied is whether the roadway serves more than one of the ownership’s not adjacent to the adopted route. Section 3 . and rivers. for example: rivers. A divided. and expressways with two or more lanes are shown by three parallel lines. Freeway interchange geometrics are not drawn unless an existing facility is shown for clarity. • An open dashed line showing the proposed location for another State highway concurrently being considered for adoption. as “existing State highway”.Preliminary Project Development Drawing Adoption maps of traversable highways are show with the appropriate designation as discussed above. For a sample of the “Area of Interest Map”. and roads. (f) When the adoption covers many kilometers and the map scale approaches 1:60000. • A solid dashed line showing the location of an adopted. (b) The original map shall be 279 mm x 762 mm (11" x 30"). Where CADD preparation is not utilized. lakes. The location of the requested route alignment should be in the central portion of the map. showing the usual geographical features. • The designation of the termini for the location of the highway as “Beginning of Adoption” and “End of Adoption”. the description at such coincidental points should be identical when possible.

etric June 2001 3-2. Thus the length of the exhibit should be some multiple of 216 mm and allow the title block to appear when the exhibit is folded. local roads. and shall generally be oriented to point to the right or up. and frontage roads. (3) Typical Section A skeleton geometric typical section of the freeway only is to be included.Caltrans Plans Preparation Manual Section 3 . if practical. text size and number of sheets used for the exhibits. Indicate the design year or year of traffic count. The scale of the map can vary from approximately 1:1000 to 1:10000. The exhibit shows the location of interchanges. cross sections and profiles are not shown on the agreement exhibits. and frontage roads are not required. The following data is required: (1) Plan The map should show the freeway lanes. It graphically shows the basic highway alignment and interchange locations. Sufficient local street names at the interchanges and adjacent to the freeway should be shown to orient the drawings.Preliminary Project Development Drawings 3-2. General text sizes are found in the CADD Users Manual of Instruction. median and shoulder widths. A graphic scale should be used on all exhibits as they may be in effect for a long period of time. and nonmotorized facilities (within the right of way). road closures. The ability to clearly read information contained on the map should be the determining factor when selecting the appropriate scale. Map scales should be kept in the 1: 2000 to 1: 7500 range. separation structures. If the separate roadways have independent profiles which are substantially different. (4) Traffic All traffic movements for the design year with the AM and PM peaks and ADT shall be shown by means of traffic diagrams.3 Strip Map This is one of the most important maps developed for a project. Profiles of ramps. The technique discussed in the introduction relating to uses of existing map sources should be considered and used whenever possible. The freeway agreement and controlled access highway agreement exhibit are a reproducible map that is 279 mm wide by a length which varies depending on the limits of the agreement and the scale of the map. Special original drawings are not required. pedestrian crossing structures. local streets. The length of the exhibit shall be sufficient to show at least one adjacent interchange or intersection on each side of the limits of the agreement or preferably should extend to the limits of the city or county. Return to Section 3 Table of Contents 3-4 . A north arrow shall be provided. Traffic data. crossroads. (2) Profiles The freeway profile with its ground line shall be included. A more in depth discussion of the policies and standards regarding freeway agreements or controlled access highway agreements can be found in Chapter 24 of the Project Development Procedures Manual. separations. By including a graphic scale this document can be reduced or enlarged without the loss of dimensional information. The local road pattern and prominent geographical features should be shown. interchanges including the complete interchange pattern.4 Freeway / Controlled Access Highway Agreement Exhibit The purpose of the freeway agreement exhibit or a controlled access highway agreement exhibit is to document the agreement between the Department and a local agency on how and where local streets and roads will be connected to the controlled access facility. crossroads. The date of preparation and subsequent revisions must be shown. The typical section shall show the number of lanes. both shall be shown.

The line weight and lettering (20 mm minimum height) shall be such as to be easily read at a distance of 10 m. MS# 9-2/9G. large lettering the note “Location of Requested Connection” shall be added with a large arrow pointing to the location of the requested connection. Return to Section 3 Table of Contents. not a mixture of both. Other procedural information may be found in the Project Development Procedures Manual. such as “Location of Requested Connection”. see Figures 3-2.6 PUC Exhibits (1) General Certain exhibits are required by the Public Utilities Commission (PUC) whenever new railroad grade crossings are proposed. For examples of the symbol map used for the Freeway Agreement Exhibit and the geometric map used for the Freeway Agreement Exhibit.4C at the end of this Section. Division of Engineering Services for preparation of a notice or application to the PUC.4A. Files of the examples in dgn format will be available on the intranet at http://onramp. For a sample of a New Public Road Connection Area of Interest Map. Examples of pertinent dimensions would be right of way widths. These drawings shall clearly show the location and the work affecting the railroad. Sign route shall be shown on all State highways.gov/ hq/design/prjdevp/index. or city map showing all State highways and major local roads when pertinent. 3-2. (2) Strip Map A reduced copy that is 216 mm x 279 mm (8 1/2" x 11") of the proposed Freeway Agreement Exhibit or Controlled Access Highway Agreement is included in the CTC Report. In bold. A large block with the appropriate note. (3) Wall Display Detail Map (if requested by Design Program) The data required is a skeleton outline of all roadways to scale showing the requested connection. These exhibits are prepared in the district and forwarded to the Railroad Agreement Branch.ca. Section 3 . An alternate method consists of making a composite drawing using the “cut and paste technique” on a print of the strip map and obtaining a duplicate made on mylar film. or an existing grade crossing is to be altered or abandoned.4B and 3-2. The north arrow shall point either up or to the right.Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 The vicinity and strip maps attached to the request to the CTC and the wall exhibit map used at the CTC presentation are prepared by the District. All other dimensioning on the plans shall be shown in metric only. In other words.dot. profiles.Preliminary Project Development Drawing The strip map or other available mapping.5 New Public Road Connection Request (1) Area of Interest Map This is a 216 mm x 279 mm (8 1/2" x 11") reproducible of a District. all reproducibles should be vellum or mylar transparencies.5A at the end of this Section. such as described in the introduction of this Section may be used as a base for the exhibit. 3-2. Pertinent dimensions within railroad right of way shall be shown in dual units with metric units being primary (soft conversion) and english units in parenthesis. shall appear on all maps with an arrow or lead line pointing to the location. county. horizontal and vertical clearances. Base maps selected for exhibits should have a minimum of extraneous notes and details. 3-2. rail elevations and track layout dimensioning. No traffic figures. or typical sections are to be shown. see Figure 3-2. Wall maps can be made from enlargements of report (PSR or PR) attachments if consideration is given to the fact that wall maps have to be readable from 10 m. All maps and exhibits prepared for the CTC shall have the date the map was valid indicated thereon. Reproducibles of the drawings required for CTC exhibits should all be of the same type. This can be accomplished by making a duplicate from the original strip map on photosensitive polyester base film and eradicating unnecessary information. The location of the requested connection should be in the central portion of the map. page 2-21 3-5 .htm.

and major cultural features. The location map is shown on the same sheet as the vicinity map. The second drawing of Exhibit B shall contain the following: Strip Map . • Exhibit C . Usually a letter size map of the county showing towns. one of the drawings contains a location map and a vicinity map. The scale should be about 1: 12 000 or 1: 24 000 and the map should cover an area within a radius of 1 to 2 km from the crossing. some topography. Location and Vicinity Maps. Railroad Agreements Branch. but a separate Exhibit C must be prepared for each crossing. (b) Vicinity Map . If more than one crossing is involved. Exhibits are not required for minor alterations to existing crossings. The vicinity map is shown on the same sheet as the location map. The strip map shows the relationship of the crossing to existing roads. • Exhibit B. The county lines are to be outlined for the county in which the crossing is located.A narrative of the legal description of the easements required for the subject crossing. the strip map should clearly show the route that traffic now using the crossing will be required to travel after abandonment. A 559 mm x 914 mm sheet is acceptable when conditions do not conveniently permit preparation of the 279 mm width. railroads. the other drawing contains a strip map of the proposed project. and major highways will suffice. Reproducibles of the Exhibit B and C drawings should be vellum or mylar transparencies. The PUC number of the nearest crossing on each side of the new grade crossing shall be shown. For an existing crossing to be abandoned. Strip map. Department of Transportation crossing numbers for the subject crossing(s) shall be shown. page 2-21 3-6 .Two drawings. The crossing location should be shown by means of a large bold arrow. other political subdivisions.Caltrans Plans Preparation Manual Section 3 . all documents to the Railroad from the District and Structures shall be submitted by Railroad Agreements Branch. Initially the submittal package shall include the Structure General Plan.This map is a small scale map showing the crossing in relation to nearby towns. Exhibit A also includes a listing of other attached exhibits. Once the Engineering plans have been approved by the Railroad. major land lines. The sheet size is to be 216 mm x 279 mm or 279 mm width by any convenient length so that it can be readily folded and attached to the application. The PUC crossing number should also be shown. For an existing crossing to be abandoned. and crossings. Return to Section 3 Table of Contents. It should be noted that all documents to the Railroad should be submitted through the Division of Engineering Services. the strip map shall show the present traveled way of the State highway now being used by traffic which will later use the new crossing. The PUC and the US. profiles and typical sections of the proposed improvements.Preliminary Project Development Drawings The exhibits for the PUC application consist of the following: • Exhibit A . A location arrow shall be shown.The location map is a small scale State map showing the county in which the crossing is located. etric June 2001 (2) Exhibit B The first drawing of Exhibit B shall contain the following: (a) Location Map . • Exhibit D .) For new crossings.This map is basically a portion of the project map or title sheet.A drawing which shows the plan. Each railroad has specific requirements and Railroad Agreements Branch makes sure that these requirements are met before the submittal. (Not required if this is an existing crossing to be altered or abandoned. such as township or rancho lines. the only drawing exhibit required is Exhibit B. city. etc. For all new crossings which are being separated. one Exhibit B will suffice.A cover letter giving general information and specific data related to the grade crossing. the sketch of the required easement and a legal description is submitted to the Railroad by the Railroad Agreements Branch.

existing top of rail grades and rates. (c) Existing Crossing to be Abandoned .An exhibit C is not required. • Typical Section . • Profile . Return to Section 3 Table of Contents 3-7 . ground line. The typical section may be normal to the highway or the railroad. Plan coverage for at grade crossings should extend about 120 m each side of the crossing on the railroad and 60 m on the highway. grade line with rates. proposed PI’s and VC’s and the centerline of the highway crossing with station and elevation. • Profiles . The highway profile should show stationing. For at grade crossings.The exhibit shall contain: • Plan . the proposed easement should be shown on the plan view of the exhibit. For at grade crossings.Same plan for new crossing. • Existing and Proposed Easements .Existing and proposed easements should be superimposed on the Structure General Plan portion of the exhibit for a separated grade crossing. • Typical Section. or equal” shall be added. The railroad profile should show the railroad stationing.A separate profile for the railroad and for the highway. the existing and proposed easement should be shown on the plan view of the exhibit. the location of the existing and the proposed protection shall be shown.Same as profile for new crossing. the proposed crossing protection devices are to be shown. The statement that “Construction will be PUC Standard No. Also. Structural elements need not be shown. 3-3 BRIDGE SITE MAPS This Section 3-3 is under revision and will be updated at a later date. • PUC Crossing Number . as applicable.Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 (b) Existing Crossing to be Altered . assumed if necessary.Preliminary Project Development Drawing (3) Exhibit C (a) New Crossings (at grade crossing or separated grade crossing) . • Proposed Easements . a copy of the Structure General Plan would be appropriate for use as the plan portion of the exhibit. and VC’s. For separated grade crossings. PI’s. For at grade crossings. Same as typical section for new crossing.Should be shown either in the title or on the plan. where additional lanes are to be constructed at the crossing site.This exhibit shall contain the following: • Plan . In addition. of PUC General Order 72A. datum elevation. 3. and the station of each rail or track centerline. datum elevation. each rail by symbol with its elevation.The proposed easement should be superimposed on the Structure General Plan portion of the exhibit for a separated grade crossing. proposed rail grades. Section 3 .Generally at a scale of 1: 200 to 1: 500.The geometric section of the highway at the crossing. it is necessary to clearly indicate whether the additional lanes are to be constructed throughout the highway project.

Preliminary Project Development Drawings etric June 2001 Return to Section 3 Table of Contents 3-8 .Caltrans Notes Manual Plans Preparation Section 3 .

3A 3-9 .Preliminary Project Development Drawings Return to Section 3 Table of Contents.Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 Section 3 . page 3-2 Figure 3-1.

2A 3-10 .Preliminary Project Development Drawings etric June 2001 Return to Section 3 Table of Contents. page 3-2 Figure 3-2.Caltrans Plans Preparation Manual Section 3 .

Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 Section 3 .2B 3-11 .Preliminary Project Development Drawings Return to Section 3 Table of Contents. page 3-2 Figure 3-2.

Preliminary Project Development Drawings etric June 2001 Return to Section 3 Table of Contents.Caltrans Plans Preparation Manual Section 3 .2C 3-12 . page 3-2 Figure 3-2.

Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 Section 3 . page 3-2 Figure 3-2.2D 3-13 .Preliminary Project Development Drawings Return to Section 3 Table of Contents.

Preliminary Project Development Drawings etric June 2001 Figure 3-2.3A Return to Section 3 Table of Contents.Caltrans Plans Preparation Manual Section 3 . page 3-3 3-14 .

Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 Section 3 .4A 3-15 .Preliminary Project Development Drawings Return to Section 3 Table of Contents. page 3-5 Figure 3-2.

Caltrans Plans Preparation Manual Section 3 .4B 3-16 .Preliminary Project Development Drawings etric June 2001 Return to Section 3 Table of Contents. page 3-5 Figure 3-2.

Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 Section 3 .Preliminary Project Development Drawings Return to Section 3 Table of Contents.4C 3-17 . page 3-5 Figure 3-2.

page 3-5 3-18 .Caltrans Plans Preparation Manual Section 3 .5A Return to Section 3 Table of Contents.Preliminary Project Development Drawings etric June 2001 Figure 3-2.

Return to Main Table of Contents 4-1 .Section 4 P lans Preparation Manual Plans Preparation Manual Section 4 . The update to Section 4 can be found at the following website location under Technical Publications. http://www.gov/hq/esc/geometronics/index.htm Copy and paste the above referenced address to your browser.Right of Way Engineering Mapping June 2001 Right of Way Engineering Mapping etric Caltrans This Section 4 is under revision and will be updated at a later date.dot.ca.

....................... 5-4 5-8.................. 5-1 5-2....... 5-4 5-8.1 Adjusting Your Chair .............................. 5-2 5-3....................................................... 5-5 5-9............................................................................ 5-1 5-2........................................................................ 5-3 5-6...................1 Eye Exercises ................................Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 TABLE OF CONTENTS Section 5 ........................................................ 5-1 5-2.......... 5-2 5-2...3 Proper Body Posture ....... WHEN IT HURTS ............................................................................................................... CUMULATIVE TRAUMA DISORDERS ........................... 5-5 5-9....................4 Work Materials .................... WORK HABITS ... CARPAL TUNNEL SYNDROME SYMPTOMS ................................................................................................................. 5-1..................................................... 5-4 5-7...................................................................................................................................................... INTRODUCTION .........................................................................Ergonomics SECTION PAGE NO...................................................................................................................................................................................................... CHAIR AND WORKSTATION GUIDELINES ................. 5-5 5-9.................................. 5-2 5-2........................ 5-6 Return to Main Table of Contents .........2 Stretching Exercises...... VISION CARE ............................................................ 5-3 5-5...................1 Reporting Injuries / Illnesses .............................2 Adjusting Your Workstation ........................... 5-2 5-4..... LIGHTING ...................... GENERAL BENEFITS OF EXERCISE AND GOOD NUTRITION ..............................

All of the adjustments help place the body in a neutral and comfortable position while working. There are many contributing factors to getting CTDs. in particular injuries associated with the computer. There are several tips in this Section to correct the hand positions and various other offenders that can cause you pain.) 4 Set your seat pan angle slightly tilted down to avoid pressure on the backs of your knees or thighs. Improper hand position and lack of exercise are two of the more common ones. 2 Adjust your backrest height to a comfortable position for your spine by adjusting the lumbar (lower back) support. Your comfort and preventing CTDs is the focus of this Section.Ergonomics June 2001 Ergonomics etric The types of chairs and workstations adjustments vary considerably. reading. This Section will assist you in setting up your workstation and work habits ergonomically correct to prevent pain and injury. 5 Adjust the armrests to support your arms in a relaxed position. and Health and Safety Coordinators to get you and your workstation in good ergonomic shape. You may need assistance. 5-2 CHAIR AND WORKSTATION GUIDELINES There are health benefits to keeping your chair and workstation adjusted to the type of work you are doing.Caltrans Section 5 Plans Preparation Manual Plans Preparation Manual Section 5 . Return to Section 5 Table of Contents 5-1 . This simply adds up to good posture and work habits that keep you from developing painful cumulative trauma disorders. or writing. Work with your supervisors. Become familiar with how your chair and workstation adjust. 3 Adjust your backrest to tilt in or out to support your body in an approximately upright position (readjust for different tasks such as keying. 5-2.1 Adjusting Your Chair 1 Adjust your chair to a comfortable position with your feet on the floor or on a foot rest. The following are recommendations. coworkers. 5-1 INTRODUCTION Ergonomics? What is it? Ergonomics is the study of the relationship between humans and machines. It is utilized as an applied science of designing and arranging things people use so that people and things interact most efficiently and safely. These injuries are called cumulative trauma disorder injuries (CTDs) or repetitive motion injuries (RMIs).

or blinds as outside light levels change during the day. 2. Rest on a wrist only between keying.2 Adjusting Your Workstation 1. such as a lighting fixture or the sun. curtains. Move your hands and arms freely while keying. Support your feet comfortably on the floor or on a foot rest in front of the knees. 3. Avoid placing your monitor directly under cabinet task lights. Adjust your work surface to elbow level for keying. 2. 3. 4. 4. Your hand and arm should move freely over the keyboard with your wrists in a relatively straight position. Padded wrist rests should only be used to rest your hands between keying. light-colored work surfaces. Keep your head balanced over your shoulders and hips.Ergonomics 5-2. 5-3 LIGHTING Simple lighting adjustments can help you minimize glare and reduce eyestrain and headaches. Lower the total (ambient) light levels whenever possible to reduce glare on your computer screen. Source documents should be at the same height. 3. 4.3 Proper Body Posture 1. Float your hand and arm freely over the keys to keep a neutral hand and wrist position. Support your spine in a slightly arched position with the back of the chair. Return to Section 5 Table of Contents 5-2 . 3. Bifocals adjust the screen to read through the upper or lower part of your glasses keeping a comfortable position. such as a mirror. angle. ask about a headset. 7. Cradling a receiver on the shoulder contributes to muscle strain and nerve damage. This is usually with your eyes at or just below the top of the screen. Stand up to reach items above shoulder reach or behind you. Position the monitor at an appropriate reading distance for eye comfort. Position your screen at a right angle to the window producing glare. A document holder can be attached to the side of the monitor to keep documents next to the screen and free desk space. Place your mouse at elbow height keeping your wrist relatively straight. It should be close enough to use without reaching or stretching. remove or turn off some overhead lighting.g. If you frequently use a telephone while at your workstation. 5. Position your keyboard to a height and angle where you are comfortable and your wrists are in a neutral (approximately straight) position.4 Work Materials A well organized and properly arranged workstation can help prevent muscle strain while improving your efficiency. and distance from eyes as the computer screen to avoid repeated head turning and frequent refocusing. Place your elbows comfortably at your sides with your forearms horizontal. 6. Place documents at about the same distance and height as your monitor. within 14 to 18 inches. Position your knees at the same level or slightly lower than your hips. Glare can come from a light source. 5. 4. Also avoid lighting coming over your shoulder directly above or behind you. or from a bright surface. (Other work surfaces adjusted to read or write without slumping forward.Caltrans Plans Preparation Manual Section 5 .. etric June 2001 5-2. 7. 1. white clothes). 6. 5-2. Maintain adequate leg clearance and good posture. Tilt your computer screen slightly down so that light does not reflect back into your eyes.e. 8. Close your shades. or light-colored clothing (e. 1. Relax your fingers in curved position while keying. 2. 5. 2. It is any uncomfortably bright light within a person’s normal field of vision. Keep frequently used materials and equipment in easy reach. Adjust your workstation height and depth to make adequate room for your legs. 5. i.

and/or headaches.. 2. Have your eyes examined regularly by a licensed optometrist or ophthalmologist. 4. dry itchy eyes. Section 5 . Possible Causes: 1.Using your fingertips. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) recommends taking a short break every couple hours of uninterrupted work. Prevention Tips: 1.” These breaks are defined as time spent doing something other than work on a computer. 7. Overhead lights and bright windows may produce glare. Polarized glass is the best and most costly. Suggestions include moving around. High contrast and low brightness is the best setting on your monitor for visual clarity. Return to Section 5 Table of Contents 5-3 . To be the most effective. 11. Characters on your screen should be clear and free from noticeable flicker. Eye and Temple Massage . 4. Regularly clean your monitor screen. Poor display quality. stretching. 8. See pages 5-5 thru 5-9 for examples of exercises for intermittent breaks from computer work. It is recommended yearly. 2. brightness and contrast need adjustment. 8. 2. They don’t have to involve leaving your workstation. 9. and mesh screens are the least desirable because they reduce image quality. nothing else can be done except to use a glare screen. a break should be taken before the onset of fatigue. Adjust your monitor display contrast and brightness to improve viewing comfort. frequent “microbreaks. 2.Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 5. 6. gently massage the bony area around each eye using short circular motions. Position task lights directly on your documents. 5-4 VISION CARE Sustained focus on computer monitor may cause visual and other discomfort. Use a hood if necessary to shelter the screen from undesirable lighting. Eye Exercises: 1. 7. mind and body refreshed and energized. The timing of such microbreaks is more important than the length. doing non-computer tasks. You should do the exercises below frequently and slowly at your workstation. A document holder should be used to place the documents at approximately the same height as the monitor. Experts also suggest brief. Be alert for the following symptoms: eye fatigue. 10. Position your equipment to have ceiling lights off to the side. i.e. Monitor screen is too close or too far from eyes.Blink frequently to moisten and relax your eyes. In some situations. blurred vision. Do the same for the area around your temples. polarized film is the next best. and refocusing your eyes. (Check with your supervisor for your break schedule). The top of your screen should be adjusted to eye level to slightly below eye level. 3. rather than recuperating from it. Focusing on the monitor for extended periods of time without a break. Breaks from computer work can help keep your eyes. Place your screen at the appropriate reading distance for your eyes.Ergonomics 6. 1. Clean your screen periodically to maximize clarity. Frequently change focus from your work to an object at least 20 feet away. 3. 5-5 WORK HABITS Even the best posture and the most ergonomically correct workstation won’t prevent muscular stress and fatigue if you sit for several hours in one position. Blinking .

awkward positions and over exertion. the tendon may be permanently weakened. 3. The arms and hands are especially vulnerable. Ask your supervisor and/or department’s Health and Safety Coordinator for assistance. shiny palms and clumsiness of the affected hand. 8. Swollen feeling of the fingers. Tendinitis: Inflammation of a tendon from repeated tensing. yet no physical evidence of swelling. The symptoms often are worst at night. 4. 5-8 WHEN IT HURTS Quick fixes for you workstation. Tingling in the thumb or hand. the CPU. The disorders can involve nerves. and at the tendon may become thick and bumpy. If you use a mouse. Symptoms include numbness in the fingers and tingling in the arm. 7. blood vessels or tendons. Dry. 9. which connect muscles to bones. Do you use a telephone frequently? Use a headset. vibration. which accumulates and causes pain in the sheath. Do you wear bifocals? Lower your screen so that the screen is visible in the reading part of your glasses and you are not slouching. With further exertion. The following are examples of CTDs: Carpal Tunnel syndrome: A nerve disorder resulting from pressure on the median nerve where it passes from the forearm through the carpal tunnel in the wrist and into the hand. exposure to cold. When irritated. The following are quick solutions. telephone books or other stable objects so that your eyes are level with or slightly below the top of the screen. Loss of muscle strength at the base of the thumb.Ergonomics 5-6 CUMULATIVE TRAUMA DISORDERS Cumulative Trauma Disorders (CTDs) are caused by repeated motions. Ulnar neuritis: A nerve inflammation that results from pressure on the ulnar nerve over time. Return to Section 5 Table of Contents 5-4 . Do you reach out a lot? Bring objects closer to your body (within 18 inches). Numbness in the thumb or hand. Burning sensation in the hand and arm. Thoracic outlet syndrome: Compression of the nerves and blood vessels between the neck and shoulder. Are you working with your neck bent forward? Consider a slant board for reading and writing. Tenosynovitis: Swelling of the sheath surrounding a tendon. or move forward or stand up to reach. Symptoms include tingling and numbness in the small finger and ring finger. Symptoms include pain. Surgery may be necessary but. excessive force. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms. You can move your chair under your keyboard or use a keyboard tray. Neck: Is your computer monitor too low? Raise it using a monitor stand. Your keyboard should be a little lower than your elbows when your arms are relaxed at your side. Without rest and sufficient time for healing. General arm and hand weakness. including leaning on the elbow on hard or sharp surfaces for long periods. some fibers that make up the tendon can fray or tear. which contains a lubricant called synovial fluid. 5. 2. Shoulders: Is your work surface too high? Raise your chair height and use a foot rest if your feet don’t touch the floor. only as the last option. etric June 2001 5-7 CARPAL TUNNEL SYNDROME SYMPTOMS 1. Sometimes we have muscle stress or pain in specific areas. Changes in sensation and power to squeeze things. Repeated motions may stimulate the sheath to produce excess fluid. your workstation should be evaluated by you and a person trained in office ergonomics. numbness and tingling in the first three fingers and the base of the thumb. 6. the sheaths that surround the tendons in the narrow tunnel can swell and press against the nerve. bring it close to your body. Pain in the fingers or hand.Caltrans Plans Preparation Manual Section 5 .

Temporary hoods can be made from cardboard to eliminate the glare. then alternate with the other foot. Stretch and strengthen exercises are also critical to preventing ergonomic injuries. page 5-3 5-5 . The combination of good ergonomics.1 Reporting Injuries / Illnesses Cumulative Trauma Disorder (CTD) symptoms or any other illness or injury you think is work related should be reported to your supervisor. Close your eyes and slowly roll your eyeballs clockwise all the way around. while breathing deeply in and out. If your chair has armrests that are too low or too far away from your body. Recheck your upright posture every 20-30 minutes after standing and stretching. Rest your hands between keying or writing. Look back at the screen. Roll Them 1.) Stand and stretch every 20-30 minutes. 2. (You may need a small pillow at your belt line or lower back. 5-8. Repeat three times. Use a pen sleeve. 2.Ergonomics Elbow: Do you have a forceful grip when using your mouse or other tools? Relax your hand over your mouse and gently click. not bent forward. Focus on an object at least 20 feet away. Repeat three times. Hold for a minute. A glare screen or a screen hood can be used. Wrist/Hand: Avoid forceful gripping. This doesn’t minimize the need for ergonomically correct workstations. Lower Back: Sit with knees at or slightly below hip level with feet supported. Rocking side to side also decreases low back pain. Do your work lightly and gently. get a block of wood or a small stool and put one foot on the stool. have every other bulb removed or even whole banks that are direct offenders.) Upper Back: Avoid long reaches (see instructions for shoulder problems. Slowly uncover your eyes. Thumb: Use pen sleeves and grips. 5-9. wrap foam or a cervical collar (available at drug stores) around them to widen and raise the armrest. Repeat three times. gripper or foam from a soft plastic hair curler to extend the grip on your pen or pencil.e. Look Away 1. then look away and focus again. Eye Strain: Position the computer screen so that the least light falls directly on it. Cup your hands and place them lightly over your closed eyes. backward or sideways. look away from the computer screen. 3.. 2. Keep wrists straight for typing or tool use. Now slowly roll them all the way around counterclockwise. Early reporting results in more successful treatment of these symptoms with nonsurgical interventions. Use mini blinds or other adjustable window coverings to control the amount of daylight entering your office at various times of the day.Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 5-9 GENERAL BENEFITS OF EXERCISE AND GOOD NUTRITION Exercise should be an integral part of every ergonomics program especially general exercise. bicycling or swimming. 3. 4. If fluorescent lights are causing the glare and you can’t reposition the screen. Benefits: • Increased circulation • Improved general health • Increased alertness and concentration • Improved posture by increasing body awareness • Improved potential to prevent and/or eliminate muscle and join pain • Improved potential to prevent cumulative trauma disorders Section 5 . don’t pound. such as walking.) Avoid slouching and make sure you have good lumbar support. running. Every 1/2 hour. i.1 Eye Exercises Cup Them 1. Return to Section 5 Table of Contents. exercise and good nutrition is a very successful combination in preventing cumulative trauma injuries. If you’re standing while working. Use electric staplers and avoid pinch type staple removers (also see instructions for elbow problems.

4. Push palms forward while extending arms. Repeat three times. Repeat as needed. Roll them backward five times. Return to Section 5 Table of Contents. 3. Push elbows back. Relax shoulders. Roll them forward five times. Elbow and Shoulder While sitting or standing: 1. Gently push elbows back with arms parallel to the floor. check with your health care professional prior to doing these exercises. 2.Ergonomics 5-9. etric June 2001 Shoulders While sitting or standing: 1. Hand. Hold for five seconds. page 5-3 5-6 .2 Stretching Exercises Be sure you have enough room before stretching and always stretch gently using controlled movements. Shoulders While sitting or standing: 1. 4. 3. 2. Be sure you have enough room before stretching. 3. discontinue and consult a health care professional. If you experience discomfort or pain. Spread fingers apart. Repeat three times. 2. If under care.Caltrans Plans Preparation Manual Section 5 .

Be sure you have enough room before stretching. Section 5 . 2. 4. Repeat as needed. 4. Hold for five seconds. Bring one arm in front and bend elbow while placing hand over opposite shoulder. Stand and stretch arms out. Do small gentle arm circles. 3. 3. Repeat three times. 1. 2. 4. 3. Repeat with other leg. Repeat with the other arm. Repeat five times. Return to Section 5 Table of Contents.Ergonomics Shoulders Legs Triceps While sitting or standing: 1. 2. With back supported by the chair. 3. use both hands to gently pull knee forward to chest.Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 Legs 1. 2. 1. Repeat as needed. page 5-3 5-7 . With back supported by the chair and one foot on the ground. extend leg. Alternate legs. 4. Gently push elbow toward chest about twenty seconds. Advance to larger arm circles. Flex and point foot.

etric June 2001 Lower Back Neck 1. Turn head and look over your shoulder slowly and gently. Repeat as needed. page 5-3 5-8 . 2. 3. Be sure you have enough room before stretching. 4. 3. Return to Section 5 Table of Contents. Let neck gently stretch toward the shoulder.Ergonomics Neck 1. Stand with hands supporting the low back. Hold for five seconds. Place right hand on the head. Gently arch your back. Lean forward and touch the floor. Repeat three times. 1. Hold for five seconds. Repeat three times Lower Back 1. 3. Repeat as needed. Hold stretch for about twenty seconds. Push chair a full arm stretch from desk. 2. 2. Return to sitting position. 3. 2. 4. 4.Caltrans Plans Preparation Manual Section 5 .

2. 3. Section 5 . Be sure you have enough room before stretching.Caltrans etric Plans Preparation Manual June 2001 Upper Back and Shoulders 1. Return to Section 5 Table of Contents. page 5-3 5-9 .Ergonomics Upper Back and Shoulders 1. With right elbow up and bent. 2. Repeat five times. Repeat five times. circle shoulder forward and then backward. Repeat with left side. Move one arm overhead and then the other in a climbing motion.

Ergonomics etric June 2001 Return to Section 5 Table of Contents 5-10 .Caltrans Plans Preparation Notes Manual Section 5 .

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