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CHM222A/SE331: BASIC PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY Homework Assignment - 1

Dr. Manabendra Chandra Date: January 08, 2014 You dont have to submit the solutions. Solutions will be posted in 5 days.

1. True or false? (a) A closed system cannot interact with its surroundings. (b) Density is an intensive property. (c) The Atlantic Ocean is an open system. (d) A homogenous system must be a pure substance. (e) A system containing only one substance must be homogenous. 2. State whether each of the following systems is closed or open and whether it is isolated or nonisolated: (a) a system enclosed in rigid, impermeable, thermally conducting walls; (b) a human being; (c) the planet earth. 3. How many phases are there in a system that consists of (a) CaCO3, CaO(s), and CO2(g); (b) three pieces of solid AgBr, one piece of solid AgCl, and a saturated aqueous solution of these salts. 4. True or false? (a) One gram is Avogadros number of times as heavy as 1 amu. (b) The Avogadro constant NA has no units. (c) Mole fractions are intensive properties. (d) One mole of water contains Avogadros number of water molecules. 5. For O2, give (a) the molecular weight; (b) the molecular mass; (c) the relative molecular mass; (d) the molar mass. 6. A solution of HCl in water is 12.0% HCl by mass. Find the mole fractions of HCl and H2O in this solution. 7. True or false? (a) The ratio PV/nT is the same for all gases in the limit of zero pressure. (b) All ideal gases have the same number of molecules per unit volume at 25C and 10 bar. 8. For a certain hydrocarbon gas, 20.0 mg exerts a pressure of 24.7 torr in a 500 cm3 vessel at 25C. Find the molar mass and the molecular weight and identify the gas. 9. For 1.0000 mol of N2 gas at 0.00C, the following volumes are observed as a function of pressure:

10. After 1.60 mol of NH3 gas is placed in a 1600cm3 box of 25C, the box is heated to 500 K. At this temperature, the ammonia is partially decomposed to N2 and H2, and a pressure measurement gives 4.85 MPa. Find the number of moles of each component present at 500 K. 11. Prove that the equations PV/T = C1 for m constant and V/m = C2 for T and P constant lead to PV/mT = a constant.

12. (a) 1.00 L bulb of methane at a pressure of 10.0 kPa is connected to a 3.00 L bulb of hydrogen at 20.0 kPa; both bulbs are at the same temperature. (a) After the gases mix, what is the total pressure? (b) What is the mole fraction of each component in the mixture? 13. A certain mixture of N2 and O2 has a density of 1.185 g/L at 25C and 101.3 kPa. Find the mole fraction of O2 in the mixture. (Hint: the given data and the unknown are all intensive properties, so the problem can be solved by considering any convenient fixed amount of mixture) 14. Prove that

15. Prove that for an ideal gas = 1/T and = 1/P. 16. For H2O at 50Cand 1 atm, = 0.98804 g/cm3 and = 4.4x10-10 Pa-1. (a) Find the molar volume of water at 50C and 1 atm. (b) Find the molar volume of water at at 50C and 100 atm. Neglect the pressure dependence of .