First Section Fn_Layout 1 22/01/14 10:14 AM Page 1

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Gi ci c„ôv 06 Kjvg 1

First Section Fn_Layout 1 22/01/14 10:14 AM Page 2

02

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09 †deªæqvix 2024, ïµevi

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wMi e¨emv ûgwKi gy‡L c‡i|
gš¿bvjq| D‡jL¨ ‡h, mxgv‡šÍ
evsjv‡`k KZ…K KvUvZv‡ii ‡eov
c«`v‡bi Kvi‡Y, fvi‡Zi mv‡_
evsjv‡`‡ki KyU‰bwZK m¤ú‡K©
kxZjZv Pj‡Q| ZeyI fvi‡Zi
Af¨šÍ‡i Ae¨nZ ‡jvW ‡kwWs Gi
Kvi‡Y, GB Pyw³‡Z fviZ jvfevb
n‡e e‡j fviZxq we‡klÁiv gZvgZ
w`‡j, ‡kl ch©šÍ evsjv‡`‡ki mv‡_
we`¨yZ Avg`vwbi m¤§wZ c«`vb K‡i
fvi‡Zi we`¨yZ gš¿bvjq|
‡dve©m g¨vMvwRb Zv‡`i ZvwjKv
Zviv miKvi‡K mvjv‡gi weiæ‡×
GB we`¨yZ ißvwb Ki‡Z fvi‡Zi
c«¯‘‡Zi weeiYx‡Z Rvbvq ‡h, mvjvg e¨e¯’v M«nY Ki‡Z Aby‡iva K‡ib mxgvšÍeZ©x GjvKvq U«vÝdigvi mn
GKRb mdj e¨emvqx| we‡kl K‡i Ges mvjv‡gi cqmv ‡_‡K mviv Abvb¨ AeKvVv‡gv wbg©v‡b mvcøvqvm©
cywó mgm¨v `yi Kivi e¨vcv‡i †m ‡`‡ki gyiwM e¨emvqx‡`i ¶wZc~iY ‡µwW‡U 100 wgwjqb Wjvi FY
GKUv eo f~wgKv ‡i‡L‡Q| w`‡Z Avnevb Rvbvb|
c«`vb Ki‡ZI m¤§Z n‡q‡Q
evsjv‡`‡ki GK Rb e¨emvqxi GB
evsjv‡`k. Gi mvc
vqvm©
‡µwW‡U
ci c„
ôv 06 Kjvg
3

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09 †deªæqvix 2024, ïµevi

Av‡iv Lei

KbmvU© di evsjv‡`kt 55 eQi ci
Lye kxN«B igbv eUg~‡j ev¤^v'i
Av‡qvR‡b GKUv Af~Zc~e© ‡gMv
KbmvU© Av‡qvRb n‡”Q| mv¤cÖwZK
Kv‡j ‡bcvwj I wgqvbgvi iK `‡ji
mdj Kbmv‡U©i c‡i AveviI GKwU
we‡`wk wUg Avm‡Q, Z‡e GKUv eW়
e¨vwZµg Av‡Q| ïay gvÎ igbvi GB
KÝv‡U©i Rb¨ Avevi GKwÎZ n‡”Q
1971 mv‡ji ‡mB HwZnvwmK

"KbmvU© di evsjv‡`k"-Gi wkíxiv|
Gevi Zviv Ki‡e "KbmvU© di
evsjv‡`k t 55 eQi cvi nj"|
KÝv‡U© ‡Zvjv UvKv w`‡q RR©
n¨vwimb-Av‡jb wMÝeviM ¯§…wZ‡Z
GKwU m½xZ we`¨vjq ‡Lvjv n‡e
mvfv‡i|
c«v_wgK Av‡jvPbvq 1971 mv‡ji
KÝv‡U©i ‡h wkíxiv evsjv‡`‡k Avmvi

e¨vcv‡i Drmvn Rvwb‡q‡Qb, Zviv
n‡jb ee wWj¨vb, wiO‡Mv ÷vi,
GwiK K¬¨vcUb, K¬vDm fyigvb, Ges
jxIb iv‡mj| iwe k¼‡ii f~wgKvq
Avm‡e Zvi ‡g‡q AbykKv k¼i (whwb
m¤cÖwZ bivB‡j Avm‡Qb), Ges RR©
n¨vwim‡bi f~wgKvq Avm‡e _g BqK©
(‡iwWI‡nW)|
w` KbmvU© di evsjv‡`k 1971
mv‡j evsjv‡`‡ki ¯^vaxbZv hy×
PjvKvjxb mg‡q evsjv‡`‡ki
kiYv_©x‡`i mvnv‡h¨i D‡Ï‡k¨
wbDBq‡K©i g¨vwWmb ‡¯‹vqvi Mv‡W©b
c«v½‡b RR© n¨vwimb I iwe ksKi
KZ©…K Av‡qvwRZ 1 AvM÷ Zvwi‡L
GKwU m½xZvbyôvb | GB Abyôv‡bi
Mv‡bi GKwU msKjb wKQyw`b c‡iB
1971 mv‡j ‡ei nq Ges 1972
mv‡j GB Abyôv‡bi Pjw”PÎI ‡ei
nq| MZ 2005 wL«÷v‡ã D³
Pjw”PÎwU‡K GKwU Z_¨wPÎmn
bZybfv‡e wWwfwW AvKv‡i ‰Zwi Kiv
nq|
RR© n¨vwimb me©c«_‡g Zvi c«v³b
`j `¨ weU‡j&mi m`m¨‡`i ‡hvM w`‡Z
e‡jb| cj g¨vKvU©wb mivmwi A¯^xK…
wZ Rvbvb, KviY ZLb g~jZ `‡ji
mv‡_ Zvui ‡Kv‡bv m¤úK© wQ‡jv bv|
Rb ‡jbb Abyôv‡b Avm‡Z ivwR
wQ‡jb, wKš‘ wZwb ‡mmgq Av`vj‡Z
Zvui mšÍv‡bi e¨cv‡i Zvui ¯¿x B‡qv‡Kv
I‡bvi mv‡_ AvBwb jW়vB Pvjvw”Q‡jb
e‡j ‡kl ch©šÍ Avm‡Z cv‡ibwb|
Avi wgK R¨vMvi ZLb wQ‡jb `w¶Y
d«v‡Ý| wfmv msµvšÍ RwUjZvi
Kvi‡Y Zvui c‡¶I Avmv m¤¢e nhwb|
‡kl ch©šÍ weUj‡mi GKgvÎ wi‡½v
÷vi Zvu‡`i mv‡_ ‡hvM w`‡Z m¶g

nb| mv‡_ Av‡iv ‡hvM ‡`b ee
wWjvb, GwiK K¬¨vcUb, wewj ‡cÖ÷b,
n¨vwim‡bi bZyb `j e¨vW wd½v‡ii
hš¿x`j I Av‡iv A‡b‡K|
‡mZviev`K iwe ksKi I weL¨vZ
m‡iv`ev`K I¯Ív` Avwj AvKei Lvb
hš¿m½x‡Zi gva¨‡g Abyôvb ïiæ
K‡ib| Zvu‡`i mv‡_ Zejvq wQ‡jb
I¯Ív` Avjøv ivLv Lvb| Zvuiv evsjv
ayb bv‡g GKwU ayb cwi‡ekb K‡ib|
weUj&m ‡f‡O hvIqvi ci GB
AbyôvbB wQ‡jv n¨vwim‡bi mivmwi
AskM«nY Kiv c«_g Abyôvb| GwiK
K¬¨vcUbI GB Abyôv‡bi g‡a¨ w`‡q
c«vq cvP gvm ci ‡Kv‡bv mivmwi

Abyôv‡b Mvb MvB‡jb Ges ee
wWjvbI 1969 mv‡ji ci c«_gev‡ii
g‡Zv ‡k«vZv `k©K‡`i mvg‡b G‡jb|
RR© n¨vwim‡bi ‡jLv "evsjv ‡`k"
MvbwU cc Pv‡U© 1g ¯’vb AwaKvi
K‡i|
KÝv‡U©i Av‡qvRKiv ‡i‡bmvu `j‡K
Avnevb K‡i‡Q GB ‡c«vM«v‡gi mv‡_
hy³ n‡Z| ‡i‡bmvu `jwU "evsjv‡`k"
bv‡gi `ywU weL¨vZ Mvb (GKwU RR©
n¨vwim‡bi, Av‡iKwU †Rvb ev‡q‡Ri
MvIqv) bZyb ‡iKwW©s K‡i Zv‡`i
"GKvˇii ‡i‡bmvu" (1998)
A¨vjev‡gi Rb¨|

my›`ie‡b inm¨RbK fv‡e ev‡Ni msL¨v e…w×
iq¨vj ‡e½j UvBMvi Avevi my›`ie‡b wePiY
Ki‡Q| c«vYxweÁvbxiv Rvwb‡q‡Qb ‡h my›`ie‡b
ev‡Ni msL¨v A‡bK ‡e‡o ‡M‡Q, hv MZ 50
eQ‡ii avivi wecix‡Z hvq| evsjv‡`k miKvi
GB e¨vcv‡i AbymÜv‡bi Rb¨ fviZ miKv‡ii
mv‡_ KvR Ki‡Q| avibv Kiv n‡”Q fvi‡Zi
we`¨yr ‡K‡›`«i Kvi‡Y fviZxq evN evsjv‡`‡k
Abyc«‡ek Ki‡Q| evsjv‡`‡k ivgcvj we`¨yr
‡K›`« ‰Zwi Kivi AbygwZ bv ‡gjv‡Z fviZxq
miKvi ‡mwU fvi‡Zi my›`ieb As‡k ‰Zwi
K‡i‡Q|
my›`ieb mgy`« DcK~jeZ©x ‡bvbv cwi‡e‡ki
me‡P‡q eo g¨vb‡M«vf ebf~wg wn‡m‡e we‡k¦
cwiwPZ| AeevwnKvi mgy`«g~Lx mxgvbv GB
ebf~wg M½v I e«þcy‡Îi ‡gvnbvq Aew¯’Z Ges
evsjv‡`k I fvi‡Zi cwðge½ Ry‡o we¯Í…Z |
my›`ieb 1997 mv‡j BD‡b‡¯‹v wek¦ HwZn¨evnx
¯’vb wn‡m‡e ¯^xK…wZ cvq| Gi evsjv‡`k I
fviZxq Ask GKB wbiew”Qbœ f~wgiƒ‡ci Ask
n‡jI BD‡b‡¯‹vi wek¦ HwZ‡n¨i m~wP‡Z wfbœ
wfbœ bv‡g m~wPe× n‡q‡Q: h_vµ‡g my›`ieb I
my›`ieb RvZxq cvK© bv‡g|
my›`ieb c«vq 500 i‡qj ‡e½j UvBMvi
ev‡Ni Avevm¯’j hv ev‡Ni GKK e…nËg Ask|
¯’vbxq ‡jvKRb I miKvixfv‡e ØvwqZ¡c«vßiv

ev‡Ni AvµgY ‡VKv‡bvi Rb¨ wewfbœ
wbivcËvg~jK e¨e¯’v wb‡q _v‡Kb| ¯’vbxq
‡R‡jiv eb‡`ex ebwewei c«v_©Yv I ag©xq
AvPvi-Abyôvb cvjb K‡i hvÎv ïiæi Av‡M|
my›`ie‡b wbivc` wePi‡Yi Rb¨ ev‡Ni ‡`eZv
`w¶Y iv‡qi Kv‡Q c«v_©Yv KivI ¯’vbxq
Rb‡Mvôxi Kv‡Q Riæwi| evN ‡h‡nZy memgq
‡cQb ‡_‡K AvµgY K‡i ‡m‡nZy ‡R‡j Ges
KvVy‡iiv gv_vi ‡cQ‡b gy‡Lvk c‡i| G e¨e¯’v
¯^í mg‡qi Rb¨ KvR Ki‡jI c‡i evN G
‡KŠkj ey‡S ‡d‡j Ges AveviI AvµgY Ki‡Z
_v‡K| miKvwi Kg©KZ©viv Av‡gwiKvb dyUej
‡L‡jvqvo‡`i c¨v‡Wi gZ k³ c¨vW c‡ib hv
Mjvi ‡cQ‡bi Ask ‡X‡K iv‡L| G e¨e¯’v Kiv
nq wki`vuovq ev‡Ni Kvgo c«wZ‡iva Kivi Rb¨
hv Zv‡`i cQ‡›`i AvµgY ‡KŠkj|
‡h‡nZy my›`ieb mgy`« DcK~jeZ©x GjvKvq
Aew¯’Z ‡m‡nZy Zyjbvg~jKfv‡e GLvbKvi cvwb
‡bvbZv| GLvbKvi Ab¨vb¨ c«vYx‡`i g‡a¨ evNB
wgVvcvwb Lvq| ‡KD ‡KD g‡b K‡i ‡cqcvwbi
GB jeYv³Zvi Kvi‡Y evN mve©¶Y A¯^w¯ÍKi
Ae¯’vq _v‡K hv Zv‡`i e¨cKfv‡e AvM«vmx K‡i
‡Zv‡j| K…wÎg wgVvcvwbi n«` ‰Zwi K‡i w`‡qI
Gi ‡Kv‡bv mgvavb nqwb| DuPy ‡XD‡qi Kvi‡Y
ev‡Ni Mv‡qi MÜ gy‡Q hvq hv c«KZ
… c‡¶ ev‡Ni

wePiY GjvKvi mxgvbv wPnè wn‡m‡e KvR K‡i|
d‡j wb‡Ri GjvKv i¶vq ev‡Ni Rb¨ Dcvq
GKUvB, Avi Zv n‡jv hv wKQy Abyc«‡ek K‡i
Zv evuav ‡`qv| Ab¨ GKwU m¤¢vebv Ggb ‡h
AvenvIqvi Kvi‡Y Giv gvby‡li gvs‡m Af¨¯Í
n‡q D‡V‡Q| evsjv‡`k I fvi‡Zi G A‡j
R‡jv”Q¡v‡m nvRvi nvRvi gvbyl gviv hvq| Avi
‡m«v‡Zi Uv‡b ‡f‡m hvIqv Gme MwjZ g…Z‡`n
evN Lvq| Avi GKwU m¤¢vebv n‡jv GiKg ‡h,
wbqwgZ DuPy-wbPy ‡m«v‡Zi Kvi‡Y ev‡Ni cï
wkKvi Kiv KwVb n‡q hvq| Avevi ‡bŠKvq P‡o
my›`ieb Ry‡o gvQ I gay msM«nKvix gvbyl
ev‡Ni mnR wkKvi n‡q I‡V| GQvovI g‡b
Kiv nq ‡h Avevm¯’‡ji wew”QbœZvi Kvi‡Y GB
A‡ji evN Zv‡`i wkKvi Kivi ‰ewkó¨ e`‡j
‡d‡j‡Q hv 20 kZK Ry‡o N‡U‡Q| Gwkqvi
evwK As‡k ev‡Ni gvbylfxwZ evo‡jI
my›`ie‡bi evN gvbyl‡K wkKvi evbv‡bv eÜ
Ki‡e bv nq‡Zv|
K‡qK `kK Av‡MI, evsjv‡`‡ki c«vq me
A‡j iq¨vj ‡e½j UvBMv‡ii wePiY wQ‡jv|
cÂv‡ki `k‡KI eZ©gvb gaycyi Ges XvKvi
MvRxcyi GjvKvq GB evN ‡`Lv ‡h‡Zv; gaycy‡i
me©‡kl ‡`Lv ‡M‡Q 1962 Ges MvRxcy‡i 1966
wL«óv‡ã| eZ©gv‡b mviv c…w_ex‡Z 3000-Gi

g‡Zv GB evN Av‡Q, Zb¥‡a¨ A‡a©‡KiI ‡ewk
fviZxq Dcgnv‡`‡k| GB msL¨v wnmve Kiv
nq ev‡Ni RxweZ `ywU Dcc«RvwZ ev
mvew¯úmx‡Ri msL¨vmn| 2004 mv‡ji evN
ïgvix Abyhvqx evsjv‡`‡k c«vq 450wU iq¨vj
‡e½j UvBMvi wQj| Z‡e we‡klÁ‡`i aviYv
Gi msL¨v 200-250wUi g‡Zv|
evsjv‡`‡k my›`iebB i‡qj ‡e½j UvBMv‡ii
‡kl Avk«q¯’j| wKš‘ GB c«vYx Lye my›`i Ges
Gi Pvgov Lye g~j¨evb| ZvB ‡Pviv wkKvwi‡`i
Kvi‡Y GB c«vYx c«vq wejyß n‡q h‡”Q| ZvQvov
ebvÂj DRvo n‡q hvIqv,Lvev‡ii Afve Ges
cwi‡ek wech©‡qi Kvi‡Y GB c«vYx c«vq wejyß
n‡q ‡M‡Q|
evsjv‡`‡k MZ cvuP eQi Av‰ea wkKvi eÜ
Ges c«vK…wZK cwi‡ek msi¶b Kivi Kvi‡Y
ev‡Ni wejywß ‡_‡g‡Q| Z‡e ev‡Ni msL¨v Avevi
‡Kb e…w× cv‡”Q ‡muUv GK inm¨| ‡KD ‡KD
fve‡Qb fvi‡Zi my›`ieb As‡k Kqjv wfwËK
we`¨yr ‡K›`« ‰Zwi Kivi ci ‡_‡KB fviZxq evN
evsjv‡`‡k Abyc«‡ek Ki‡Q| gvivZ¥K cwi‡ek
`~lY NUvq e‡j mvaviYZ we‡k¦i wewfbœ ‡`‡k
msiw¶Z ebf~wg I emwZi 15 ‡_‡K 20 wKwg
Gi g‡a¨ Kqjv we`¨yr ‡K›`« wbg©v‡Yi Aby‡gv`b
‡`qv nqbv| fviZ GB wbq‡gi e¨vwZµg Kivq
GLb nqZ c«vb‰ewPÎ nviv‡”Q|

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09 †deªæqvix 2024, ïµevi

m¤úv`Kxq

m¤úv`K gÛjx

m¤úv`Kxq

MšÍe¨ BD‡Uvwcqv
bvCg †gvnvq‡gb
BwZnv‡mi ‡evSv Kvua ‡_‡K bvgvB wKfv‡e? weMZ 6
`k‡Ki NUbvi w`‡K hw` Lye Kv‡Q ‡_‡K ZvKvB, Z‡e
Avkvev`x nevi RvqMv ‡ewki PvB‡Z Kg| ZviciI
Avgiv Avkv Kwi, ¯^cœ ‡`wL| BD‡Uvwcqv Ggb GK MšÍe¨
‡h nvRvi wedjZvi c‡iI Avgiv Avkv Qvwo bv|
‡`‡ki bvg Ô‡Kv_vI bqÕ Avi Zvi ivRavbxi bvg
ÔAveQvqvÕ, Ggb GKwU KvíwbK Øxc-‡`k‡K Aej¤^b
K‡i ‡lvok kZ‡Ki BD‡iv‡ci gbxmx m¨vi Ugvm ‡gvi
GKwU Av`k© mvgvwRK I ivR‰bwZK e¨e¯’vi cwiKí
iPbv K‡ib ÔBD‡UvwcqvÕ bv‡gi MÖ‡š’i gva¨‡g| M«šL’ vwbi
iPbv Kvj 1915-1916, j¨vwUb fvlvq| Bs‡iwR Abyev`
c«_g c«KvwkZ nq 1551 mvj| ‡mB ‡_‡K GB kã, Ges
GB ¯^‡cœi hvÎv ïiæ|
Avgvi GK eÜy Ab¨ fv‡e e‡j K_vUv| "¯^‡cœ hw`
‡cvjvI Lve, Z‡e wN w`‡qB Lve|" K_vUv ï‡b gRv cvB
c«wZevi| wKš‘ c«kœ ‡_‡K hvq, AvR‡Ki `ywbqvq Avgiv
‡Kvb ¯^cœ ‡`Lvi AwaKvi ivwL?
1977 mv‡j XvKvq Rvcvb GqvijvB‡Ýi GKwU wegvb
wQbZvB‡qi ‡bc‡_¨ N‡U hvIqv NUbv wb‡q c«vgvY¨
Pjw”PÎ wbg©v‡Yi mg‡qI ‡f‡ewQjvg, Giv mevB wK ¯^cœ
‡`LwQj? Iiv wK ‡f‡ewQj n‡e? Ges ‡k‡l wK nj?
‡eMg ‡iv‡KqvI ‡Zv ¯^cœ ‡`‡LwQ‡jb (GB cwÎKvq
cvZv 14)| wKš‘ ‡Kb ‡k‡l `k©K‡`i wZwb RvwM‡q
Zyj‡jb (Avgiv wKš‘ Zv Kwiwb)? AvR‡K ‡h ‡mŠw` gwnjv
ïay Mvwo bq, wb‡Ri ‡`k Pvjvevi AwaKv‡ii Rb¨ jo‡Q,
Zv‡K ‡eMg ‡iv‡Kqv wK ej‡eb? ‡R‡M DV, bvwK Nywg‡q
_vK? ‡Kvb c‡_ gyw³?
ûgvqyb AvRv` GB welq wb‡q fve‡Zb, Z‡e Zvi ‡jLv
wQj BD‡Uvwcqv'i Dj‡Uv| ‡hLv‡b 1971-G Avgiv ‡n‡i
‡MwQ, ‡`k Pvjv‡”Q cwðg cvwK¯Ívb| wZwb ej‡Zb, Avgiv
wK GB evsjv‡`k ‡P‡qwQjvg| fwel¨r wZwb ‡`‡L ‡h‡Z
cv‡ib bvB, wKš‘ e‡jwQ‡jb, "AgiZv PvB bv Avwg, ‡eu‡P
_vK‡Z PvB bv GK‡kv eQi; Avwg c«¯ÍyZ, Z‡e AvR bq|

Av‡iv wKQyKvj Avwg b¶Î ‡`L‡Z PvB, wkwki Qy‡Zu PvB,
Nv‡mi MÜ ‡c‡Z PvB, eY©gvjv Avi aŸwbcy‡Äi mv‡_
Rwo‡q _vK‡Z PvB, gM‡R Av‡jvob ‡eva Ki‡Z PvB|
Av‡iv wKQyw`b Avwg ‡n‡m ‡h‡Z PvB| GKw`b bvg‡e
AÜKvi-gnvRM‡Zi ‡_‡K wecyj, gnvKv‡ji ‡_‡K AbšÍ;
wKš‘ Nywg‡q covi Av‡M Avwg Av‡iv wKQy `yi ‡h‡Z PvB"
cvebvi ‡g‡q mywPÎv ‡mbI GK mgq P‡j ‡Mj| ‡h‡Z
Z n‡e, ‡KD wK mviv Rxeb evu‡P? ‡eøBW ivbv‡ii ‡kl
`…‡k¨ `qvjy cywjk n¨vwimb ‡dviW‡K e‡j, "`yt‡Li welq
n‡”Q ‡h ‡m mvivRxeb evuP‡e bv! wKš‘ ‡KB ev evu‡P?"
Avwmd GšÍvR iwe wj‡LwQj, "Avwg Avi Avgvi evev
wUwf ‡`LwQ| ‡gvUi mvB‡K‡ji mvg‡b DËg Kygvi,
‡cQ‡b mywPÎv| GB c_ hw` ‡kl bv nq, Z‡e ‡Kgb n‡Zv
Zywg e‡jv ‡Zv? GK mgq Avwg GKUv ‡Nv‡ii g‡a¨ P‡j
‡Mjvg| Dˇgi RvqMvq wb‡R‡K Kíbv KiwQ| Avgvi
Nv‡o wbtk¦vm ‡dj‡Q mywPÎv| Ii Pyj Do‡Q evZv‡m|
Avgvi ¯^‡cœi evBK Qy‡U Pj‡Q mywPÎv‡K wb‡q|
‡KvbI ‡NviB wPi¯’vqx bq| Kv‡RB GK mgq ‡Nvi
KvU‡jv| g‡b g‡b mywPÎv‡K evB‡Ki ‡cQ‡b Kíbv Kivq
Avgvi j¾vB jvM‡Z jvM‡jv| Avo‡Pv‡L ZvKvjvg evevi
w`‡K| Pg‡K DVjvg| Igv| wZwbI nv K‡i ZvwK‡q
Av‡Qb c`©vi w`‡K| Lye m¤¢eZ, DËg Kygv‡ii RvqMvq
wZwbI wb‡R‡K ewm‡q ‡d‡j‡Qb| Zvi ‡cQ‡b mywPÎv| ‡n
mywPÎv, Zywg wcZvcy·K GKB ‡Nv‡i ‡eu‡a ‡i‡L‡Qv
`xN©Kvj| mywPÎv Zywg P‡j ‡hI bv| mywPÎv Zywg P‡j ‡h‡Z
cv‡iv bv| Zywg P‡j ‡M‡j Avgvi wK n‡e? Zywg P‡j ‡M‡j
Avgvi eveviB ev wK n‡e?"
Avgiv AviI wKQy `yi ‡h‡Z PvB| ïay 10 eQi fwel¨‡r
wM‡q ¶všÍ n‡Z PvB bv, AviI 100 eQi ‡h‡Z PvB|
‡Kgb n‡e ZLb Avgv‡`i GB ‡`kUv?
Avgiv wKš‘ Ab¨ fv‡e ‡`wL fwel¨r| GLbI AwjwLZ|
AvR‡Ki `ywbqvq Avgiv ‡h‡Kvb ¯^cœ ‡`Lvi AwaKvi
ivwL|

m¤úv`Kt bvCg ‡gvnvq‡gb
Aj¼iYt mvwgDj Bmjvg
†jv‡Mvt mvqx` Avn‡g`
cÖKvkKt Avwidyi ingvb gywbi
†hvMv‡hvM: station.utopia@gmail.com
wKD‡iUit Wvqvbv K¨v‡¤^j& ‡eUvb‡KvU©
ey_ wWRvBbt w_Gix ‡eUvb‡KvU©
cÖ‡hvRKt mvg`vwb AvU© dvD‡Ûkvb
Z_¨ I ‡jLbx m~Ît DBwKwcwWqv (wdwjw¯Íb, ‡W«vY,
fvmvbx, K¬vK©, iwe k¼i, bRiæj, AvwgivZ, KjKvZv,
jvjb, ‡U«b, my›`ieb, hy×vciva, 1971, Rjevqy
cwieZ©b, g½j M«n, Awfavb), Avw`j gvngy` (kÎy
m¤úwË ), gvbe KÉ (‡W«vY), wewewm (ev‡¯‹Uej, mywPÎv
‡mb), ‡VvuUKvUv bvixev`x eøM (myw¯§Zv PµeZ©x), ZvbwRbv
Avdwib Bfv (jvjb), g…bvj ‡PŠayix (k«wgK Av‡›`vjb),
mvC` Avn‡g` (195 hy×vcivax), Av`bvb kvwgg (nv‡Zi
‡jLv), ayg‡KZy (dviæK Iqvwmd), Avby ‡gvnv¤§`, Avwmd
GšÍvR iwe |
KvíwbK Ask¸‡jv wj‡L‡Q wRqv nvmvb (‡dviem, Mvw¤¢i,
we`¨yr, ‡`v‡qj, Miæ) I bvCg ‡gvnvq‡gb (evwK)|
Qwet bvCg ‡gvnvq‡gb (KjKvZv, AvwgivZ, Avw`evmx,
`yM©v, 1jv ‡g, jvjb, ‡U«b), ‡UBji wkìm (‡djvbx
g‡Wj), nvB_vg LvwZe (wdwjw¯Íb), Gwc (K¬vK©), mgvwi
PvKgv (QvÎ), ‡cvmU (‡W«vb), ‡MwU (k¼i), ‡Møve
(wjUj‡d`vi), evdy‡d (wddv), bvmv (g½j), ‡WgwU·
(Miæ)|
mnvqZvt Bqvmwgb ‡eMg, RvB` Bmjvg, ûgvqyb Kwei,
bvBgv Kvqyg, dvivn ‡gnwib Avn‡g`, nvweev L›`Kvi,
nvmvb ‡di‡`Šm, Avkivdyj eyjeyj, ‡R¨vwZ ingvb, Ges
AvjvjI`yjvj eø‡Mi m¤úv`‡Kiv|
ab¨ev`t ivRxe I bvw`qv mvg`vwb

iwOb e‡jB fvj
myw¯§Zv PµeZ©x
gvby‡li kvixwiK g~j MVb wb‡Ri GKvi ‰Zwi
bq| c«wZwU gvbylB Zvi c~e©bvix-c~e©cyiæl‡`i
KvQ ‡_‡K DËivwaKvi m~‡Î Zv wb‡q Av‡m|
‡mLv‡b ‡KD nq mv`v Avi ‡KDev Kv‡jv,
ev`vwg ev AviI bvbv e‡Y©i (Ab¨ ‡`‡ki n‡j)|
GgbwK, gvby‡li ‡PvL-Pyj-bL-`vuZ-Kcvj-åy
mg¯ÍUvI Gfv‡eB Av‡m| cieZ©x mg‡q, wewfbœ
mvgvwRK wbg©vY-gvb`‡Ûi wfwˇZ gvbyl G‡KK
Rb‡K Ômy›`iÕ ev Amy›`iÕ-Gi ZKgv ‡mu‡U
‡`q! hw`I ‡mŠ›`h© AviI eW় wKQy| gvby‡li
kvwiixK, AvwZ¥K, iæwP, e¨w³Z¡, AvPvi-AvPib
Avi Kv‡Ri ‡gje܇bi gva¨‡g c«K…Z ‡mŠ›`h©
weKwkZ nq| ‡mLv‡b mvRm¾v _vKyK Avi bvB _vKyK|
c«K…Z Ômy›`iÕ ‡_‡K ZvB GK ai‡bi ‡R¨vwZ
wVKivq| Gi mv‡_ PvgW়vi we‡kl ‡Kv‡bv
m¤úK©B bvB| wKš‘ Avgv‡`i mgv‡R we‡kl
we‡kl ‡Mv‡Îi gvbyl i‡q‡Q| GKc¶ mv`v
PvgW়v‡KB ‡mŠ›`h© Ávb K‡i Avevi Aci-c¶,
hviv wKbv m½Z Kvi‡Y mv`v PvgW়vi c«fZ
y c
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weiæ‡× `vuwo‡q ‡m«d fy‡jB e‡m _v‡K ‡h,

PvgW়vi GB iKg‡di-G gvby‡li Av`‡Z ‡Zgb
‡Kv‡bv nvZ-B bvB! d‡j, Zviv Kv‡jv PvgW়vi
RqMvb Ki‡Z wM‡q wb‡RB ‡di GKBfv‡e
mv`v PvgW়vi c«wZ XvjvIfv‡e we‡Ølx n‡q I‡V|
mv`v PvgW়vi c«fyZ¡-Gi K_v Avgiv ‡R‡b
G‡mwQ GgbwK GB c«fZ
y ¡ Ggb ch©v‡q wM‡qwQj
‡h eY©evw`Zvi g‡Zv fq¼i ms¯‹…wZ c…w_ex‡K
Kg M«vm K‡i bvB| GgbwK, GLbI Ki‡Q|
wKš‘ Gi weiæ×vPviY Ki‡Z wM‡q hw` ‡di
‡mB eY©evw`Zvi Là‡iB _vK‡Z nq Z‡e ‡mUv
mgv‡Ri Rb¨ BwZevPK wKQy e‡q Av‡b bv| eis
cvjvcvwëi GKUv ms¯‹…wZ me©`v Rvwi _v‡K|
GKc¶ ZLb Kv‡jv PvgW়v ‡`L‡jB Avur‡K
I‡V Avevi wecix‡Z, Ab¨ c¶, Ôm‡PZb-ivRbxwZÕi bv‡g XvjvIfv‡e mv`v PvgW়v ‡`L‡jB
we‡lv`Mvi K‡i| d‡j, GB c¶-wec‡¶i ivRbxwZi Avi myivnv nq bv| Gi mv‡_ Avevi
Ry‡U‡Q K‡c©v‡iU-wgwWqv-weÁvcb-Gi wbZ¨
bZyb e¨emvi bvbvb dvq`v| GZ w`b Zviv
‡Kej mv`v PvgW়vi c‡¶ bvbvb c«PviYv
Pvwj‡q‡Q| GLb w`b LvwbK e`‡j‡Q wKš‘

we`¨gvb GB mg¯Í cywRuev`x-e¨emvwbf©iK‡c©v‡iU-wgwWqv-ms¯‹w… Zi Lye ‡Zgb e`j N‡U
bvB| d‡j, GLb Avevi, GivB Kv‡jv PvgW়v‡K
wb‡q ‡g‡Z I‡V‡Q| Ômy›`ix c«wZ‡hvwMZvqÕ GLb
Avi ‡m«d mv`v bq, Kv‡jvi gv_vqI GKBfv‡e
gyKyU Zy‡j w`‡”Q Zviv|
AvcvZfv‡e welqUv Avb‡›`i g‡b n‡jI c«K…
Zc‡¶ we‡klZ bvixi Rb¨ GKRb gvbyl
wn‡m‡e, ‡kl ch©šÍ GUv c«K…Z m¤§vb e‡q Av‡b
bv! eis mv`v Avi Kv‡jvi eY©evw`Zvi Aemvb
NwU‡q bvix‡K wb‡q K‡c©v‡iU-wgwWqv-evwY‡R¨i
GB ‡LvjvgLywP e¨emv Kivi cvquZvivi weiæ‡×
AvIqvR ‡Zvjv Riæwi| A‡bK Riæwi ‡mŠ›`h©
bvgK aviYvi e`j NUv‡bv| ‡m«d bvix-kixi‡K
cyuwR K‡i mviv we‡k¦ e¨emv-evwY‡R¨i ‡h eb¨v
bvbvfv‡e e‡q P‡j‡Q Zvi wec‡¶ Ae¯’vb Avi
c«PviYvB AvR‡Ki w`‡b bZyb ivRbxwZi ‡evj
wn‡m‡e Anwb©wk ‡dvUv `iKvi| hw`I Avgiv
Rvwb, AvR Avi ‡Kej bvix bq mKj wKQyB
cY¨-Gi ‡gvW়‡K ‡gvW়v| ZviciI ïaygvÎ
bvix‡`i wb‡q ‡h e¨vcK K‡c©v‡iU-wgwWqv-

evwYR¨‡emvwZi mnRjf¨ nvZQvwb, Gi
ev¯ÍeZv‡K ‡KŠZ~njx ‡PvL GW়v‡Z cv‡i bv|
ZvB GB mg¯Í bvixi kixi Avi ‡hŠbZv-wbf©i
e¨emv evwY‡R¨i mKj Kg©Kv‡Ûi weiæ‡×B
Ae¯’vb ‡bIqv Riæwi| Avi we‡klZ, bvixi
Rb¨ ‡Zv e‡UB| ev¯Í‡ei jW়vB-msM«vg mgv‡R
mKj bvixi Rb¨B Kg-‡ewk ejer _v‡K|
G¸‡jv‡K cvk KvwU‡q ‡KejgvÎ kixi-‡mŠ›`h©
Avi ‡hŠbZvwbf©i bvix‡K›`«xK e¨emv-evwY‡R¨i
Aemvb NUv `iKvwi| eY©evw`Zvi Aemvb
NUv‡Z wM‡q bZyb K‡i AveviI eY©we‡Ø‡li
A¼y‡iv`Mg Kiv DwPZ bq| eis bvix‡K GB
mg¯Í ‡_‡K ‡ei K‡i gvbyliƒ‡c ‡`L‡Z ‡kLv
‡eva nq A‡bKLvwb m¤¢vebvgq w`‡Ki
Bw½Zevnx| ZvB cy‡iv‡bv n‡jI Kwei ‡mB
KweZvB evi evi G ‡¶‡Î D”PvwiZ n‡Z cv‡i:
ÔKv‡jv Avi ajv evwn‡i ‡Kej/ ‡fZ‡i mevwi
mgvb ivOvÕ wKsev Aaybv Mv‡bi K_vq: Ô‡KD
mv`v ‡KD Kv‡jv/ iwOb e‡jB fvj/ iOgkvjUv
GKjv ‡R¡‡jv bv/ Avgvi g‡bI R¡v‡jv|Õ

First Section Fn_Layout 1 22/01/14 10:14 AM Page 5

05

ˆ`wbK KvíwbK

09 †deªæqvix 2024, ïµevi

Dcm¤úv`Kxq

Avgiv c„w_exi 99%
Avby gynv¤§`
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Avm‡Q iv¯Ívq| ‡køvMv‡bi g~j K_v `y‡Uv; GKwU,
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Av‡iKwU, Av‡›`vj‡bi j¶¨ ‡NvlYv: Ô`Lj
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kZKiv 1 fvM jy‡Uiv, `Lj`vi, hy×evR
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MZ K‡qK gvm a‡i BD‡iv‡ci eû kn‡i
j¶ gvby‡li we‡¶vf Avgiv ‡`‡LwQ| hy³iv‡ó«
Gi ïiæ MZ 17 ‡m‡Þ¤^i ÔAKycvB Iqvj ÷«xUÕ
ev ÔIhvj ÷«xU `Lj KiÕ GB WvK w`‡q|
2011 mv‡j ‡hB Av‡›`vjb ïiæ nq, 12 eQi
ci Avevi Zv wd‡i G‡m‡Q| c«_g w`‡K eo eo
msev` gva¨g GUv‡K m¤ú~Y© D‡c¶v Ki‡Z
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Ô`Lj KiÕ GB `y‡Uv ‡kvMvb Lye `ªæZ Qwo‡q
c‡o‡Q| ‡`‡k ‡`‡k gvbyl GB `y‡Uv ‡køvMvb
a‡iB wb‡RivI msMwVZ, mg‡eZ I we¯Í…Z
n‡”Q| Iqvj ÷«x‡Ui ci wbDBqK©, IqvwksUb,
f¨bKyfvi, Ui‡›Uv, jÛb, ‡ivg, c¨vwim, gvw`«`,
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AvIqvR DV‡Q| cvwK¯Ív‡b me evgcš’xiv
GKwÎZ n‡q 22 A‡±vei ‡_‡K jv‡nv‡i ÔGw›U
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evsjv‡`‡kI ïiæ n‡”Q 22 ZvwiL|
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c«_‡g GB ivó«¶gZv m¤ú‡K© ‡gvngyw³, c‡i
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Avi m¤ú‡` wb‡R‡`i `Lj c«wZôv Ki‡Z Pvq|
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KvD‡K Avgiv gv‡S g‡a¨ Avm‡Z ‡`wL|
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First Section Fn_Layout 1 22/01/14 10:14 AM Page 6

09 †deªæqvix 2024, ïµevi
06
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M«vgUv‡K ‡`‡L hvb wb‡Ri ‡Pv‡L|
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c«hyw³mn ‡ek wKQy ¸iæZ¡c~Y©
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Av¯’v wdwi‡q Avbvi c«wZI|
f‡qm Ae Av‡gwiKvi m‡½ GK
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Zvui B”QvUv GLb mg‡qi nv‡Z|
cvq|
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j¨vcUc Ges U¨ve Gi mvd‡j¨i
PvweKvwV
Rvb‡Z
PvB‡j,
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wkí ms¯’vi M‡el‡KivB ‡`v‡qj
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c«avb wbqvgK. miKvi ïay gvÎ
Zv‡`i mn‡hvwMZv K‡i‡Q gvÎ|
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c«Kvk ‡c‡q‡Q| jvj‡bi ‡ek wKQy
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ms‡e`bkxj wQ‡jb| we«wUk Avg‡j
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Abyev` n‡q‡Q| jvj‡bi Ae`vb
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c«‡qvRb| Avgiv mevB Avmv Kwi
jvjb ‡hb ‡P ¸‡qfviv'i gZB
AZ¨waK wU-kvU©'Gi ms¯‹…wZi g‡a¨
nvwi‡q bv hvq|

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09 †deªæqvix 2024, ïµevi

Av‡iv Lei

mshy³ Avie Avwgiv‡Z bvMwiK‡Z¡i bZyb wbh়g
mshy³ Avie AvwgivZ msm` bZyb
bvMwiKZ¡ AvBb Av‡jvPbv Ki‡Q|
c«¯ÍvweZ AvB‡b ‡KD hw` 10 eQi
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bvwg‡q Avbvi Kvi‡Y ejv n‡q‡Q GB

Avey avwe‡Z cvIqv hvq, d‡j GwU
mvZwU Avwgiv‡Zi g‡a¨ me‡P‡q abx
I kw³kvjx| ‡Zj wk‡íi Kvi‡Y
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RxebhvÎvi gvb we‡k¦i m‡e©v”P¸wji
GKwU|
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emwZi mÜvb cvIqv hvq L…ó c~e©
5500 kZvãx ‡_‡K| ZrKv‡j

KjKvZvq evsjv fvlvi cÖPjb K‡g Avm‡Q

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Kvwnbx Avevi mvwnZ¨i Dcv`vb K‡e
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cwðge‡½i
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KjKvZvi RbmsL¨v 1 ‡KvwU 40
j‡¶i KvQvKvwQ| GB RbmsL¨vi
wePv‡i KjKvZv fvi‡Zi Z…Zxq e…
nËg kni I wØZxq e…nËg
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Ges we‡k¦i Aóg e…nËg gnvbMi
AÂj| KjKvZv ‡cŠiGjvKvi DËi
w`‡K DËi PweŸk ciMbv, c~‡e© DËi
I `w¶Y PweŸk ciMbv Ges `w¶Y
w`‡K `w¶Y PweŸk ciMbv ‡Rjv
Aew¯’Z| cwðg w`‡K ûMwj b`x GB
kni‡K nvIov ‡Rjv ‡_‡K wew”Qbœ
K‡i‡Q|
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KjKvZv ïaygvÎ evsjviB bq, mgM«
we«wUk fvi‡Zi ivRavbx wQj| 1947
mv‡j fviZ wefv‡Mi ci KjKvZv
beMwVZ cwðge½ iv‡R¨i ivRavbx
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AvaywbK fvi‡Zi wk¶v, weÁvb, wkí,
ms¯‹…wZ I ivRbxwZi GK cxV¯’vb|
1954 mv‡ji ci ‡_‡K ivR‰bwZK
Aw¯’iZv I A_©‰bwZK Ae¶‡qi d‡j
‡mB ‡MŠie A‡bKvs‡k Le© nq| Z‡e
2000 mv‡ji ci ‡_‡K GB kni cy-

bivq A_©‰bwZK I evwYwR¨K mg…w×i
c‡_ AM«mi nq Ges mvs¯‹…wZK
üZ‡MŠie A‡bKvs‡kB cybiæ×vi
K‡i|
fvi‡Zi ¯^vaxbZv Av‡›`vjb I
cieZ©xKv‡j
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MY
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f~wgKv M«nY K‡iwQj| Ab¨w`‡K
AvaywbK fvi‡Zi c«avb c«avb mvs¯‹…
wZK Av‡›`vjb¸wjiI c«vY‡K›`« GB
KjKvZv| GB Kvi‡Y GB kni‡K
fvi‡Zi mvs¯‹…wZK ivRavbx bv‡g
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kn‡i wewfbœ fvlv, RvwZ I ag©vej¤^x
gvbyl‡`i kvwšÍc~Y© I ‡mŠnv`¨©gq
mnve¯’v‡bi Rb¨ GB kni‡K Avb›`
bMix ev wmwU Ad Rq bv‡gI
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m‡Z¨›`«bv_ emy, wm wf ivgb, AgZ¨©
‡mb c«gyL wek¦e‡iY¨ e¨w³‡Z¡i
Kg©f~wg KjKvZv gnvbMix Zvi mg…×
mvs¯‹…wZK HwZ‡n¨i Rb¨ AvRI
wek¦evmxi ‡Pv‡L gh©v`vi Avm‡b
AwawôZ|
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kni e¯¿eqb I cvUwk‡í we‡kl mg…
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evOvwj‡`i g‡a¨ GK be¨ evey ‡k«wYi
D™¢e N‡UwQj| GB eveyiv wQ‡jb
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wk¶vq wkw¶Z I msev`c‡Îi
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wQ‡jb ivRv ivg‡gvnb ivq, ‡nbwi
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m¤cÖ`vq kn‡ii D‡jL‡hvM¨
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evwm›`v‡`i Øviv Kw_Z n‡q _v‡K|
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c`©vq wnw›` fvlvi AvM«vmb| AvRKvj
c«vq me Rbwc«q wmwiqvj Bs‡iwR ev
wnw›` ‡Z n‡q _v‡K| Ab¨ ‡`‡ki
AbyôvbI wnw›`‡Z Wve Kiv nq| hvi
d‡j GKUv bZyb ‡Rbv‡ikvb eo
n‡”Q hv‡`i Rb¨ evsjv GLb Z…Zxq
fvlv, Ges ¯^vfvweK fv‡eB Gi Dci
Zv‡`i `Lj `ye©j n‡q hv‡”Q| Gi
cwiYwZ ‡`Lv hv‡”Q evsjv eB‡qi
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cwÎKvi GK m¤úv`K Rvwb‡q‡Qb,
"GK mgq mybxj-`v Gme e¨vcv‡i
Lye ‡mv”Pvi wQ‡jb| Dwb memgq
ej‡Zb, evsjv‡`‡ki w`‡K ZvKvI|
ILv‡b evsjv PP©v Zey Pj‡Q, mvayPjwZ ¯ø¨vs wgwj‡q n‡jI Pj‡Q|
mybxj evey P‡j hvevi c‡i evsjv fvlv
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bvB|"
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c‡i wj‡LwQ‡jb ‡h evsjv fvlvq
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my‡hvM nq bvB, Z‡e GUv wbwðZ ‡h
evsjv‡`‡k fvlv PP©vi gvÎv ‡`‡L
KjKvZvi we`¨vb'iv ‡ev‡Sb ‡h evsjv
fvlvi ‡K›`«we›`y GLb Avi KjKvZv
bq|

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fviZxq, cvwK¯Ívwb, evsjv‡`wk,
‡bcvwj, k«x j¼vb BZ¨vw` ‡`‡ki
gvbyl mshy³ Avie AvwgivZ cvm‡cvU©
cv‡e| Avi wVK ‡mB Kvi‡YB GB
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Ki‡Q
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miKv‡ii B”Qvi Kvi‡Y GB AvB‡bi
e¨vcv‡i ‡ek wKQy c`‡¶c ‡bqv
n‡q‡Q| A‡b‡Ki avibv Gevi AvBbUv cvk n‡q hv‡e|
mshy³ Avie AvwgivZ ga¨c«vP¨
A‡j Avie DcØx‡ci `w¶Y-c~e©
‡Kvbvq Aew¯’Z mvZwU ¯^vaxb iv‡ó«i
GKwU ‡dWv‡ikb| 1971 mv‡j
‡`k¸wj ¯^vaxbZv jvf K‡i| mshy³
Avie Avwgiv‡Zi mvZwU Avwgiv‡Zi
bvg nj Avey avwe, AvRgvb, `yevB,
Avj dyRvBivn, ivm Avj LvBgvn,
Avk kvwiKvn Ges D¤§ Avj
K¡vBIqvBb| Avey avwe kni
‡dWv‡ik‡bi ivRavbx Ges `yevB
‡`‡ki e…nËg kni|
mshy³ Avie AvwgivZ giægq
‡`k| Gi Dˇi cvim¨ DcmvMi,
`w¶Y I cwð‡g ‡mŠw` Avie, Ges
c~‡e© Igvb I Igvb
DcmvMi|
1950-Gi
`k‡K
‡c‡U«vwjqvg
Avwe®‹v‡ii AvM ch©šÍ
mshy³ Avie AvwgivZ g~jZ
we«wUk miKv‡ii Aaxb
KZ¸wj AbybœZ GjvKvi
mgwó wQj| LwbR ‡Zj
wk‡íi weKv‡ki mv‡_ mv‡_
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`k‡Ki
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cvIqv hvq| nvRi ce©‡Z c«vß Zvgv
w`‡q e¨emvi gva¨‡g 3000 L…óc~e©
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e›`i(eZ©gvb I¤§-Avj-‡KvqvBb)
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e¨vemvi LvwZ‡i eû eQi Awfevmx
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Avi gvÎ 9% g~j GwgivwZ| fviZxq
gvbyl Av‡Q miKvwi wnmv‡e 25 jvL,
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jvL, ‡emiKvwi wnmv‡e 20 jvL|
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miKv‡ii Dci Qvc w`‡”Q `ªæZ
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gaywgZvq Pj‡Q
6:00, 8:00, 10:00

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08

ˆ`wbK KvíwbK

09 †deªæqvix 2024, ïµevi

we‡bv`b

iwe k¼i ¯§i‡Y bovB‡j bZyb moK

iwe k¼‡ii 1971 mv‡j "KÝvU© di
evsjv‡`k" ¯§i‡Y bovB‡j bZyb moK D‡Øvab
Kiv n‡”Q| cwÛZ k¼‡ii `yB ‡g‡q, AbykKv
k¼i I ‡bviv ‡RvÝ, moK D‡Øvab Ki‡Z
Avm‡eb| ‡bviv ‡RvÝ gvwK©b hy³iv‡ó«i weL¨vZ
R¨vR& m½xZ wkíx| wZwb iwe ksK‡ii Kb¨v|
Zvui gv m¨y ‡RvÝ GKRb b…Z¨wkíx wQ‡jb|

2002 mv‡j Zvui c«KvwkZ c«_g cc m½xZ
A¨vjevg "Kvg AvI‡q DB_ wg" Gi gva¨‡g
wZwb e¨vcK mvdj¨ jvf K‡ib| mviv we‡k¦ Gi
2 ‡KvwU Kwc wewµ nq| GB A¨vjev‡gi Rb¨
wZwb 8wU Mª¨vwg GIqvW© cvb|
Iw`‡K ‡evb AbykKv ksKi GKRb ‡mZvi
ev`K Ges wgDwRK K‡¤úvRvi| wZwb iwe

ksKi Ges myKY¨v ‰KZvb Gi KY¨v| bq eQi
eqm ‡_‡K AbykKv Zvui evevi Kv‡Q ‡mZv‡ii
`x¶v wb‡Z ïiæ K‡ib| AbykKv ksKi Zvui
m½xZ c«wZfvi Rb¨ 1998 mv‡j e…‡U‡bi nvDR
Ae KgÝ kxì jvf K‡ib| wZwbB me‡P‡q Kg
eq‡m GB m¤§vb jvf K‡ib | 2004 mv‡j
UvBg g¨vMvwRb Gwkqv GwWkb KZ©…K Gwkqvi

20 Rb ‡miv wn‡ivi GKRb wn‡m‡e Zv‡K
wbe©vwPZ K‡i|
1971 mv‡j hLb evsjv‡`‡ki ¯^vaxbZv hy×
PjwQj, ZLb RR© n¨vwimb Zvi eÜy iwe ksKi
Gi civg‡k© wbDBq‡K©i g¨vwWmb ‡¯‹vqvi
Mv‡W©b c«v½‡b `ywU `vZe¨ m½xZvbyôvb (KbmvU©)
Gi Av‡qvRb K‡ib| AbyôvbwU‡Z RR©
n¨vwimb, iwe ksKi QvovI Mvb cwi‡ekb
K‡ib ee wWjvb, GwiK K¬¨vcUb, wi‡½v ÷vi
mn AviI A‡b‡K| Kbmv‡U© RR© n¨vwimb Zvi
wb‡Ri ‡jLv "evsjv‡`k" Mvb cwi‡ekb K‡ib|
Kbmv‡U©i wU‡KU, wmwW I wfwWI n‡Z c«vß A_©
BDwb‡m‡di dv‡Û Rgv Kiv nq|
cwÛZ iwe ksKiB g~jZt GB Abyôv‡bi Rb¨
RR© n¨vwimb‡K DØy× K‡iwQ‡jb| evsjv‡`‡ki
¯^vaxbZv msM«v‡gi ‡¶‡Î AvšÍRv© wZK cwigÛ‡j
"KbmvU© di evsjv‡`k" GKwU Awe¯§iYxq
NUbv| RR© n¨vwim‡bi 1974 mv‡ji gvwK©b
hy³ivó« Abyôvbgvjvq cwÛZ iwe ksKi I Zvui
m½xiv D‡Øvabx As‡K m½xZ cwi‡ekb
K‡iwQ‡jb|
cwÛZ iwe ksK‡ii Agi KxwZ© n‡”Q cvðvZ¨
I c«Zx‡P¨i m½x‡Zi wgjb| cvðvZ¨ m½x‡Zi
weL¨vZ ‡envjvev`K Bû`x ‡gbywn‡bi m‡½
‡mZvi-‡envjvi K‡¤úvwRkb Zvui GK Agi
m…wó hv Zvu‡K AvšÍR©vwZK m½x‡Zi GK D”P
Avm‡b ewm‡q‡Q|
1990 mv‡j weL¨vZ m½xZÁ wdwjc Møv‡mi
m‡½ ‡hŠ_ c«‡hvRbv "c¨v‡m‡Rm" Zvui GKwU
D‡jøL‡hvM¨ m…wó| 2004 mv‡j cwÛZ iwe ksKi
wdwjc Møv‡mi Iwiqb c«‡hvRbvi ‡mZvi As‡ki
m½xZ iPbv K‡ib|

wmwiqvq gvwK©b Dcw¯’wZi Kvi‡Y cyi®‹vi cÖZ¨vL¨vb
Awb‡KZ AvjgwM‡ii mviv RvMv‡bv Qwe QwewU| evsjv‡`k Pjw”PÎ msm‡`i g‡bvbqb
"welv`" MZ GK eQi fvj e¨emv K‡i‡Q| ‡c‡q QwewU "A¨vcj AvBwUDbm" cyi®‹vi
Gevi bZyb eQ‡i Ab¨ ai‡bi PgK jvwM‡q‡Q Abyôv‡bi Rb¨ jm A¨v‡Ä‡jm hvq| ‡kl‡gk

mvwPb wjUj †d`vi

QwewU AvšÍR©vwZK Qwe K¨v‡UMwi‡Z "bZyb
cwiPvjK" wnmv‡e cyi®‹viI cvq| wKš‘ g‡Â
D‡V Awb‡KZ cyi®‹vi wb‡Z A¯^xK…wZ Rvbvq|
GB wb‡q jm A¨v‡Ä‡jm Ges XvKv, `yB kn‡iB
wee«ZKi cwiw¯’wZ ‰Zwi n‡q‡Q|
mivmwi m¤cÖPvi Kiv GB Abyôv‡b g‡Â
Avmvi c‡i Awb‡KZ GKwU wjwLZ e³…Zv c‡i
‡kvbvq| Zvi fvl¨ Abyhvqx, "GB cyi®‹vi c«vwß
hw`I Avgvi Rb¨ GKUv eo m¤§vb, Avwg Zey
GUv wb‡Z cviwQ bv| Avcbviv Rv‡bb ‡h MZ
`k eQi a‡i wmwiqv'i i³¶qx msM«vg ïay ‡e‡o
P‡j‡Q| Avi GB hy‡× gvwK©b Dcw¯’wZ cy‡iv
hyׇK AviI ‡Nvjv‡U K‡i w`‡q‡Q| Ges GB
cwiw¯’wZi mv‡_ bvbv c«hyw³ ‡Kv¤úvwb RwoZ,
hvi g‡a¨ A¨vcj Av‡Q| Avcbv‡`i Av‡gwiKvb
cwÎKv‡ZB c«Kvk ‡c‡q‡Q ‡h A¨vcj KwÝDgvi
c«hyw³ QvovI wgwjUvwi Lv‡Z c«Pyi LiP Ki‡Q|
ZvB Avwg GB cyi®‹vi wb‡Z AcviMZv RvbvB|"
c«wZwµqv Rvb‡Z PvB‡j, cyi®‹vi KwgwUi
‡Pqvi wjIbv‡`©v wW K¨vcwoI e‡jb, "e¨vcviUv
eyS‡Z cvwi Ges Avgvi mnvbyf~wZ Av‡Q| Avwg
GB hy‡×i c¶cvZx bv, Ges MZ Rwi‡c 89%
Av‡gwiKvbB e‡j‡Q Zviv GB cwiw¯’wZi
Aemvb Pvq| myZivs Dbvi gšÍe¨Uv Avwg eywS|
Zey ewj, Dwb cyi®‹viUv wb‡Z cvi‡Zb| Avwg
e¨vw³MZ fv‡e QweUv Lywe cQ›` K‡iwQjvg|"
K¨vcwoIi Reve VvÛv ‡gRv‡Ri
n‡jI XvKvi ‡gRvR wQj Mig| Abyôv‡bi c‡i
GK wee…wZ‡Z Pjw”PÎ msm‡`i mfvcwZ
mvKavK ‡bmv e‡jb, "me wKQy‡Z ivRbxwZ
‡U‡b Avbv Awb‡K‡Zi cyi‡bv Ges wb›`bxq
Af¨vm| Avgiv ‡`‡LwQ Kg¨ywb÷ cvwU© Kiv
‡Q‡j‡g‡q w`‡q cy‡iv XvwjD` f‡i ‡M‡Q| Giv
mevB Pvq Qwei gva¨‡g ivRbxwZ Ki‡Z| wKš‘,

Gfv‡e nq bv| gvbyl Qwe ‡`L‡Z Av‡m c…w_ex
fy‡j ‡h‡Z, mRvM nevi Rb¨ msev`cÎ
Av‡QB| ‡gvU K_v, Avgv‡`i g‡bvbqbUv bó
nj|"
Rvbv ‡M‡Q ‡h hw`I A¨vcj cyi®‹v‡ii mv‡_
c«Pyi UvKv ‡`Iqv nq, QvqvQwei fwel¨r wKš‘
GB cyi®‹vi w`‡q AZUv cwieZ©b nq bv|
B`vwbs ‡gvevBj ‡dv‡b QvqvQwe ‡`Lvi ‡iIqvR
D‡V ‡M‡Q| K›Uv± ‡j‡Ýi gva¨‡g ‡Pv‡Li gwbi
‡fZ‡iB QvqvQwe ‡`Lv hvq| ZvB A¨vcj-Gi
‡mB Av‡Mi gZ gh©v`v bvB ej‡jB P‡j|
ivR‰bwZK Kvi‡Y cyi®‹vi c«_¨vL¨vb Aek¨
eûevi n‡q‡Q| QqRb weRqx ‡bv‡ej cyi¯‹vi
c«Z¨vLvb K‡i‡Qb| R¨vu cj mvu‡Î 1964 mv‡j
mvwn‡Z¨ ‡bv‡ej wb‡Z A¯^xK…wZ Rvbvb|
wf‡qZbv‡gi mv‡eK c«avbgš¿x wj WvK ‡_v
1973 mv‡j gvwK©b ciivó« gš¿x ‡nbwi wKwmÄv‡ii m‡½ ‡hŠ_fv‡e kvwšÍ‡Z cyi¯‹vi wb‡ZI
A¯^xK…wZ Rvbvb|
Iw`‡K A¯‹vi cyi®‹vi cvevi c‡i gvijb
e«vb‡Wv wb‡R bv G‡m Zvi eÜy mvwPb
wjUj‡d`vi-‡K cvVvb| A‡bKUv Awb‡K‡Zi
Abyiƒc mvwPb GKUv wjwLZ e³e¨ c‡o
‡kvbvq| ‡mB e³‡e¨i gva¨‡g gvijb eª¨v‡Ûv
Rvbvq ‡h Av‡gwiKvi gyj Avw`evmx ‡bwUf
Av‡gwiKvb‡`i Dci AZ¨vPv‡ii Kvi‡Y wZwb
GB cyi®‹vi c«_¨vL¨vb Ki‡Qb|
NUbvwU N‡U 1973 mv‡ji cyi®‹vi Abyôv‡bi
mgq, ‡hLv‡b eª¨v‡Ûv "MWdv`vi" Qwei Rb¨
‡miv Awf‡bZv cyi®‹vi cvq| ‡mB mgq
"Db‡WW wb" bv‡gi GjvKvq GdweAvB-Gi
‡Mv‡q›`viv ‡bwUf Av‡gwiKvb msM«vgx‡`i mv‡_
e›`yK hy‡× wjß nq| ‡mB NUbvi ‡Ri a‡iB
eª¨v‡Ûvi GB cyi®‹vi c«_¨vL¨vb|
‡mB 1973 mv‡jI ejv n‡qwQj, "GLv‡b
ivRbxwZ ‡Kb?" AvR ‡mB GKB K_v Awb‡KZ
AvjgwMi‡KI ïb‡Z n‡”Q|

Second Section Fn_Layout 1 22/01/14 10:15 AM Page 1

09

ˆ`wbK KvíwbK

09 †deªæqvix 2024, ïµevi

we‡bv`b

iex›`«bv_-bRiæ‡ji GK‡Î ‡jLv `yj©f Mvb

jvj gIjvbv
bZyb wUwf wmwiqvj- jvj gIjvbv

Ae‡k‡l bvbv Ríbv-Kíbv'i Aemvb NwU‡q
"jvj gIjvbv" wUwf wmwiqv‡ji Awf‡bZv
ZvwjKv c«Kvk n‡q‡Q| mv¤cÖwZK Kv‡ji wUwf
bvU‡Ki g‡a¨ GB wmwiqvjwU Lye eo gv‡ci
c«‡hvRbv| GKvi‡Y GB bvU‡K Awfbq Ki‡Z
A‡bK wmwbqvi Awf‡bZv Drmvnx wQ‡jb| Z‡e
‡KvbI ai‡bi jwes QvovB Awf‡bZv RqšÍ
‡fŠwgK fvmvbxi f~wgKvwU ‡c‡q‡Qb| Gi Av‡M
wZwb byivj`xb-Gi f~wgKvq Awfbq K‡i h‡_ó
mybvg Kywi‡q‡Qb|
Ave`yj nvwg` Lvb fvmvbx (1880-1976)
Ab¨Zg Z…Yg~j ivRbxwZwe` I MYAv‡›`vj‡bi
bvqK, whwb 1947-G m…ó cvwK¯Ívb I 1971G c«wZwôZ evsjv‡`‡ki ivRbxwZ‡Z ¸iæZ¡c~Y©
f~wgKv cvjb K‡ib| 1929-G Avmv‡gi ayeox
‡Rjvi e«þcyÎ b‡`i fvmvb P‡i c«_g K…lK
m‡¤§jb Av‡qvRb K‡ib| GLvb ‡_‡K Zvi bvg
ivLv nq "fvmvbxi gvIjvbv"| Gici ‡_‡K
Zvi bv‡gi ‡k‡l fvmvbx kã hy³ nq| ‡`‡ki
gvby‡li Kv‡Q 'gRjyg Rb‡bZv' wnmv‡eI wZwb
cwiwPZ| gvIjvbv fvmvbx Rxe‡bi ‡ekxifvM
mgq gvIcš’x Kg¨ywb÷ Z_v evgaviv ivRbxwZi
mv‡_ RwoZ wQ‡jb| Zvui Abymvix‡`i A‡b‡K
GRb¨ Zvu‡K "jvj gIjvbv" bv‡gI WvK‡Zb|
1945-46 mv‡j Avmvg Ry‡o evOvwj‡`i
weiæ‡× "ev½vj ‡L`vI" `v½vi mgq evOvwj‡`i
i¶vi Rb¨ fvmvbx Avmv‡gi wewfbœ RvqMv Ny‡i
‡eovb| cvwK¯Ívb Av‡›`vj‡b Ask wb‡q 1947
mv‡j Avmv‡g wZwb ‡M«dZviI nb| 1957
mv‡ji KvMgvix m‡¤§j‡b wZwb cvwK¯Ív‡bi
cwðgv kvmK‡`i ÔIqvjvBKzg mvjvgÕ e‡j
me©c«_g c~e© cvwK¯Ív‡bi wew”QbœZvi NÈv
evwR‡qwQ‡jb|
1952 mv‡j ivó«fvlv Av‡›`vj‡b mn‡hvwMZvi

†RvbvKx‡Z Pj‡Q

12:00, 05:00, 09:00

Kvi‡Y ‡M«dZvi n‡q wZwb 16 gvm Kvivwbh©vZb
nb| 1956‡Z cvwK¯Ívb MYcwil‡` ‡h Lmov
kvmbZš¿ wej ‡ck Kiv nq Zv‡Z cvwK¯Ívb‡K
BmjvwgK wicvewjK e‡j ‡NvlYv ‡`Iqv
n‡qwQj ZLb fvmvbx cë‡bi Rbmfvq Zvi
we‡ivwaZv K‡ib| 1957'i KvMgvix m‡¤§j‡b
gIjvbv fvmvbx e‡jb ‡h c~e©evsjv cvwK¯Ív‡bi
‡K›`«xq kvmK‡`i Øviv ‡kvwlZ n‡Z _vK‡j
c~e©e½evmx Zv‡`i mvjvgyAvjvqKyg Rvbv‡e|
GQvov GKB m‡¤§j‡b wZwb cvK-gvwK©b mvgwiK Pyw³ evwZ‡ji `vwe Rvbvb|
1967'‡Z ‡K›`«xq miKvi ‡iwWI Ges
‡Uwjwfkb ‡_‡K iex›`« m½xZ c«Pvi eÜ Kivi
wb‡`©k Rvwi Ki‡j Gi c«wZev` K‡ib| 1969
mv‡j AvBqye we‡ivax Av‡›`vj‡b gvIjvbv
fvmvbx ewjô f~wgKv cvjb K‡ib| AvBqye Lvb
miKv‡ii cZ‡bi ci wZwb Ô‡fv‡Ui Av‡M fvZ
PvBÕ GB `vwe DÌvcb K‡ib| Ae‡k‡l 1970
mv‡j XvKvi cëb gq`v‡b GK Rbmfvq '¯^vaxb
c~e© cvwK¯Ívb' `vwe DÌvcb K‡ib|
¯^vaxbZv hy‡×i mgq wZwb Px‡bi ‡bZv gvI
‡m Zys Gi Kv‡Q Zvi evZ©v cvwV‡q AewnZ
K‡ib ‡h c~e©e‡½ cvwK¯Ívb ‡mbvevwnbx
e¨vcKnv‡i MYnZ¨v Pvjv‡”Q| Aek¨ GB evZ©vi
d‡j Pxb miKvi Zv‡`i Ae¯’v‡bi cwieZ©b
Av‡b bvB| 1971 cieZ©x ¯^vaxb evsjv‡`‡k
Dbvi A‡bK Kv‡Ri g‡a¨ D‡jøL‡hvM¨ dviv°v
evua wbg©v‡Yi c«wZev‡` HwZnvwmK js gv‡P©i
‡bZ…Z|¡ g‡b Kiv nq ‡h gvIjvbv'i Kvi‡YB js
gvP© I Abkb ag©N‡Ui c«Pjb nq evsjv‡`‡k|
wewPÎ I mvnmx GB ‡bZv‡K wb‡q bvU‡Ki
ïwUs GB gv‡mB ïiæ n‡e| avibv Kiv n‡”Q
AZ¨vaywbK c«hyw³i gva¨‡g 50 I 60 `k‡Ki
cye© evsjv'i Aven'Uv wbLyuZ fv‡e ‰Zwi Kiv
n‡e|

wewUwf‡Z
ivZ 9:00Uvq

MZ eQi ivRkvnxi GK jvB‡e«wi‡Z Avwe®‹… wecøeev‡`i Avwef©ve N‡U Zv‡Z a~g‡KZy
Z iex›`«bv_-bRiæ‡ji GK‡Î ‡jLv Mv‡bi cwÎKvi we‡kl Ae`vb wQj| GB cwÎKv‡K
cvÛzwjwci wfwˇZ bZyb A¨vjevg evRv‡i Avkxe©v` K‡i iex›`«bv_ VvKyi wj‡LwQ‡jb,
G‡m‡Q| ‡h‡nZy gvÎ GKwU Ac«KvwkZ Mvb
ÒKvRx bRiæj Bmjvg Kj¨vYx‡qly, Avq P‡j
("dy‡ji AvNvZ") cvIqv ‡M‡Q, cy‡iv A¨vjevg Avq‡i a~g‡KZy|
Kivi Rb¨ 5 Rb iex›`« Ges bRiæj msMxZ
Avuav‡i evua AwMœ‡mZy, `yw`©‡bi GB `yM©wk‡i
wkíx GKB Mv‡bi cvPwU ‡iKwW©s K‡i‡Q| Dwo‡q ‡` ‡Zvi weRq ‡KZb|Ó
A¨vjevgwU ‡ei Ki‡Q ivRkvnxi DfPi
cwÎKvi c«_g cvZvi kx‡l© GB evYx Qvcv
÷ywWI|
_vK‡Zv| cwÎKvi 26 ‡m‡Þ¤^i, 1922 msL¨vq
iex›`«bv_ Ges bRiæ‡ji g‡a¨ mL¨Zv bRiæ‡ji KweZv 'Avb›`gqxi AvMg‡b' c«KvwkZ
A‡bKUv wKse`wšÍi gZ| wKš‘ GB c«_g Zv‡`i nq| GB ivR‰bwZK KweZv c«KvwkZ nIqvq
GK‡Î Mvb iPbv Kivi bgybv cvIqv ‡Mj| Zv‡K Kywgjøv ‡_‡K ‡M«dZvi Kiv nq|
1917 wL«÷v‡ãi ‡klw`‡K bRiæj we«wUk ‡mb- ivRwe‡`«vnx nevi `v‡q Zv‡K GK eQ‡ii mk«g
vevwnbx‡Z ‡hvM ‡`b| c«wk¶Y ‡k‡l KivwP Kviv`‡Û `wÛZ Kiv nq| Avwjcyi KvivMv‡i
‡mbvwbev‡m ‰mwbK Rxeb
hLb e›`x Rxeb KvUvw”Q‡jb
KvUv‡Z ïiæ K‡ib| GB
iex›`«bv_ Ges bRiæ‡ji ZLb iex›`«bv_ Zvi 'emšÍ
KivwP ‡mbvwbev‡m _vKv
MxwZbvU¨' M«š’wU bRiæj‡K
mL¨Zvi
Ab¨Zg
wb`k©
b
iex
m‡Ë¡I wZwb KjKvZvi
DrmM© K‡ib| G‡Z
wewfbœ mvwnZ¨ cwÎKvi VvKy‡ii ‡mB ‡UwjM«vg| 1923 bRiæj we‡kl DjøwmZ
M«vnK wQ‡jb| Gi g‡a¨
nb| GB Avb‡›` ‡R‡j
mv‡j bRiæj KvivMv‡i
i‡q‡Q c«evmx, fviZel©,
e‡m 'AvR m…wó my‡Li
e›`x‡`i
Dci
AZ¨vPvi
e‡Üi
fviZx, gvbmx, g¤§©evYx,
Djøv‡m' KweZvwU iPbv
`vex‡Z 40 w`‡bi Abkb K‡ib|
meyRcÎ, mIMvZ Ges
e½xq gymjgvb mvwnZ¨ ag©NU ïiæ K‡i| ‡mB Lei
iex›`«bv_ Ges bRiæ‡ji
cwÎKv| GB mgq Zvi
Ab¨Zg wb`k©b
‡c‡q iex›`«bv_ Zv‡K GKwU mL¨Zvi
Kv‡Q iex›`«bv_ VvKyi,
iex
VvKy‡ii
‡mB
‡UwjM«
v
g
cvVvq,
hvi
fvl¨t
kirP›`« P‡Ævcva¨vq Ges
‡UwjM«vg| 1923 mv‡j
dviwm Kwe nvwd‡Ri
bRiæj KvivMv‡i e›`x‡`i
"Abkb ag©NU eÜ Ki|
wKQyeB wQj|
Avgv‡`i mvwnZ¨ ‡Zvgv‡K `vex Dci AZ¨vPvi e‡Üi
hy× ‡k‡l KjKvZvq
`vex‡Z 40 w`‡bi Abkb
K‡i|"
G‡m bRiæj we½xq
ag©NU ïiæ K‡i| ‡mB Lei
gymwjg mvwnZ¨ mwgwZi
‡c‡q iex›`«bv_ Zv‡K GKwU
Awd‡m emevm ïiæ K‡ib| GB Awd‡m KvRx ‡UwjM«vg cvVvq, hvi fvl¨t "Abkb ag©NU eÜ
‡gvZvnvi ‡nv‡mb, ‡gvRv‡¤§j nK, KvRx Ave`yj Ki| Avgv‡`i mvwnZ¨ ‡Zvgv‡K `vex K‡i|"
I`y`, gyn¤§` knx`yjøvn&, AvdRvjyj nK c«gy‡Li
GZw`‡bi ‡hvMv‡hvM m‡Z¨I ‡Kb GB MvbwUi
mv‡_ cwiPq nq| `ywU Rbwc«q mvwnwZ¨K Avmi K_v Gi Av‡M Rvbv hvq bvB, GB wb‡q bvbv
M‡Rb`vi AvÇv Ges fviZxq AvÇvq Av‡jvPbv Pj‡Q| ‡KD ‡KD avibv Ki‡Q ‡h
AskM«n‡Yi myev‡` cwiwPZ nb AZyjc«mv` bRiæj Gi gvbwmK Amy¯Z
’ vi Kvi‡YB GB Mvb
‡mb, Aebx›`«bv_ VvKyi, m‡Z¨›`«bv_ `Ë, nvwi‡q wM‡qwQj| KjKvZv ‡_‡K 6 m`‡m¨i
‡c«gv¼yi AvZ_©x, wkwki fv`yox, kirP›`« GKwU `j MZ eQi `yB gvm M‡elYv K‡i
P‡Ævcva¨vq, wb‡g©j›`y jvwnox, ayR©wUc«mv` wbwðZ n‡q‡Q ‡h MvbwU bKj bq|
gy‡Lvcva¨vq, ‡n‡g›`«Kygvi ivq, w`‡b›`«bv_
Z‡e kvwšÍwb‡KZb KZ©…c¶ GB MvbwU‡K
VvKyi, PviæP›`« e‡›`¨vcva¨vq, I¯Ív` KigZyjøv GLbI iex›`« iPbvejxi g‡a¨ bw_ea¨ Ki‡Z
Lvu c«gy‡Li mv‡_| Ae‡k‡l 1921 mv‡ji ivRx nq bvB| GB welq wb‡q `yB evsjvi ms¯‹…
A‡±vei gv‡m wZwb kvwšÍwb‡KZ‡b wM‡q wZ gn‡ji g‡a¨ wKQy K_v KvUvKvwU n‡q‡Q|
iex›`«bv‡_i mv‡_ mv¶vr K‡ib| ZLb ‡_‡K DfP‡ii cwiPvjK bvRgyb mv‡jwnb
iex›`«bv‡_i g…Z¨y ch©šÍ Zv‡`i g‡a¨ mym¤úK© mvsevw`K‡`i e‡j‡Qb, "KjKvZv GLbI fv‡e
eRvq wQj|
Zv‡`i K_vq evsjv mvwnZ¨ P‡j| wKš‘ ‡hB
1922 wL«÷v‡ã bRiæj a~g‡KZycwÎKv c«Kvk c«‡`‡ki eû ‡jvK GLb evsjv-fvlx bv, Zviv
K‡i| 1920-Gi `k‡K Amn‡hvM I wLjvdZ wKfv‡e GUv fve‡Z cv‡i?"
Av‡›`vjb e¨_©Zvi ci ¯^ivR MV‡b ‡h mk¯¿

wUwf Abyôvb

7t30 RvZxq m½xZ
7t35 Dcgnv‡`k kvwšÍ D”Pvib
7t45 mKj a‡g©i mw¤§wjZ Abyôvb
8t00 ‡PŠayix BIMv
9t00 Lei
10t00 wmwÏKv Kwei (cybtc«Pvi)
12t00 gvK©m cvV, ce© 195
1t00 fvmvbx ¯§i‡Y we‡kl Abyôvb
2t00 Zv‡mi ‡`k, ce© 4
3t00 PvKgv bvUK

4t00 W‡igb (evsjv)
5t00 my›`ievb mgvPvit ivgcvj evwl©Kx
5t30 bvMwiK K¨vgt Avcbv‡`i kU
6t00 msm` Awa‡ekb nvBjvBU
7t00 Avw`evmx AwaKvi UK ‡kv
8t00 wP‡j‡KvVvi ‡mcvB, ce© 217
9t00 RyM¨vs (Bs‡iwR, cybtc«Pvi)
10t00 Lei
11t00 ‡P'i ‡gvUimvB‡Kj, ce© 12
12t00 XvKv iv¯Ív K¨vg (mivmwi, mviv ivZ Pj‡e)

Second Section Fn_Layout 1 22/01/14 10:15 AM Page 2

10

ˆ`wbK KvíwbK

09 †deªæqvix 2024, ïµevi

AwaKvi

‡`Iqv| GQvov 1995 mv‡ji 9
AvM÷‡K "wek¦ Avw`evmx w`em"
‡NvlYv Kiv nq| RvwZmsN 1982
mv‡j me©c«_g Avw`evmx‡`i ¯^xK…wZ
‡`q|
‡gŠwjK AwaKvi i¶vK‡í evsjv
fvlv‡K wN‡i m…ó 21‡k ‡de«yqvix
Av‡›`vj‡bi gva¨‡g ZrKvjxb
cvwK¯Ív‡bi Ab¨Zg ivó«fvlv wn‡m‡e
c«wZôvi j‡¶¨ MY `vexi ewntc«Kvk
N‡U| 1952 mv‡ji 21 ‡de«yqvwi‡Z
G Av‡›`vjb P~ovšÍ iƒc aviY Ki‡jI
e¯ÍyZ Gi exR ewcZ n‡qwQj eû
Av‡M, Ab¨w`‡K Gi c«wZwµqv Ges
djvdj wQj my`~ic«mvix|
1948 mv‡j cvwK¯Ívb miKvi
‡NvlYv K‡i ‡h, D`©yB n‡e
cvwK¯Ív‡bi GKgvÎ ivó«fvlv| Kvh©Zt
c~e© cvwK¯Ívb As‡ki evsjvfvlx gvbyl
AvKw¯§K I Ab¨vh¨ G wm×všÍ‡K
‡g‡b wb‡Z cv‡iwb Ges gvbwmKfv‡e
‡gv‡UI c«¯ÍyZ wQj bv|
dj¯^iƒc evsjvfvlvi mg-gh©v`vi
m‡¤^vab Kiv G‡Kev‡iB AbywPZ,
KviY Zviv ‡Kvb RvwZi Ask bq ‡h `vwe‡Z c~e© cvwK¯Ív‡b Av‡›`vjb `ªæZ
Zv‡`i DcRvwZ ejv hv‡e| eis Zviv `vbv ‡e‡a I‡V| µgea©gvb
wb‡RivB GK GKwU Avjv`v RvwZ| MYAv‡›`vj‡bi gy‡L cvwK¯Ív‡bi
RvwZms‡Ni Av‡jvPbvq Avw`evmx ‡K›`«xq miKvi ‡klvewa bwZ ¯^xKvi
Rb‡Mvôxi G welqwU ‡ek ¸iæ‡Z¡i Ki‡Z eva¨ nq Ges 1956 mv‡j
mv‡_ ‡bIqv nq Ges 1993 mvj‡K evsjv fvlv‡K cvwK¯Ív‡bi Ab¨Zg
"AvšÍR©vwZK wek¦ Avw`evmx Rb‡Mvôx ivó«fvlvi ¯^xK…wZ c«`vb K‡i|
2000 mv‡j BD‡b‡¯‹v evsjv fvlv
el©" ‡NvlYv Kiv nq| 1995 ‡_‡K
2004 mvj ch©šÍ "AvšÍR©vwZK wek¦ Av‡›`vjb, gvby‡li fvlv Ges K…wói
Avw`evmx Rb‡Mvôx `kK" ‡NvlYv AwaKv‡ii c«wZ m¤§vb Rvwb‡q 21
Kiv nq hvi D‡Ïk¨ wQj ‡de«yqvwi‡K AvšÍR©vwZK gvZ…fvlv
Avw`evmx‡`i D‡Ø‡Mi c«wZ `…wó w`em wn‡m‡e ‡NvlYv K‡i hv ‰ewk¦K

21†k †deªæqvixi cÖwZÁvt Ôevsjv‡`‡k Avw`evmx Av‡QÕ
GeQi c«_g ev‡ii gZ 21‡k
‡de«yqvix‡Z knx` wgbv‡i evsjv
fvlvi cvkvcvwk wewfbœ Avw`evmx
fvlvi ¯^xK…wZ ‡`Iqv n‡e| Z‡e
AbyôvbwU wVK wKfv‡e mvRvb n‡e,
Zv wb‡q GLbI h‡_ó c«kœ i‡q
‡M‡Q| wewkó M‡elK mvBw`qv
¸jiæL m¤cÖwZ e‡j‡Qb, "Avgiv
wKQy‡ZB kvcjv, kvjyK, Avi
KvVvjPvcv'i evB‡i ‡Kvb dy‡ji N«vY
cvB bv| Avgv‡`i eyK ïay ev½vwj
gv‡qi Rb¨ Kvu‡`, iƒcY QvKgv'i
gv‡qi Rb¨ Kvu‡` bv|" Rvbv ‡M‡Q

knx` wgbvi KwgwU ¸jiæ‡Li GB
Dw³wU gv_vq ‡i‡LB Gev‡ii 21‡k
‡de«yqvix'i Av‡qvRb Ki‡Q|
Avw`evmx RbMY‡K c«v_wgK w`‡K
c«_g RvwZ, cvnvo Rb‡Mvôx, Avw`g
gvbyl, DcRvwZ c«f…wZ bv‡g wPwýZ
Kiv nZ| RvwZms‡Ni wewfbœ ch©v‡q
`xN©w`b a‡i Av‡jvPbvi c‡i
Ae‡k‡l evsjv‡`‡ki msweav‡b
Avw`evmx RbM‡Yi miKvix w¯^K…wZ
‡`Iqv n‡q‡Q | miKvix gnj ‡_‡K
GB Av‡`k Rvix n‡q‡Q ‡h
Avw`evmx‡`i DcRvwZ wn‡m‡e

ch©v‡q mvsevwl©Kfv‡e Mfxi k«×v I
h_v‡hvM¨ gh©v`vi mv‡_ D`hvcb Kiv
nq|
evsjv `w¶Y Gwkqvi ivó«
evsjv‡`‡ki GKgvÎ ¯^xK…Z ivó«fvlv|
GQvovI fviZxq msweavb Øviv ¯^xK…
Z 23wU miKvwi fvlvi g‡a¨ evsjv
Ab¨Zg| fvi‡Zi cwðge½ Ges wÎcyiv iv‡R¨i miKvwi fvlv nj evsjv
Ges Avmvg iv‡R¨i eivK DcZ¨Kvi
wZb ‡Rjv KvQvo, KwigMÄ I nvBjvKvw›`‡Z ¯^xK…Z miKvwi fvlv nj
evsjv| GQvovI evsjv fvi‡Zi
Av›`vgvb I wb‡Kvei Øxccy‡Äi
Ab¨Zg c«avb ¯^xK…Z fvlv| m¤cÖwZ
evsjv fvi‡Zi KY©vUK iv‡R¨i wØZxq
miKvix fvlv wn‡m‡e ¯^xK…Z n‡q‡Q|
GZ me NUbvi wfwˇZ m¤cÖwZ
ev½vwj eyw×Rxex gn‡ji A‡b‡KB
ejv ïiæ K‡i‡Q ‡h evsjv GLb Avi
"wec‡`" bvB, myZivs Av‡iv D`vi
fve ‡bevi mgq G‡m‡Q| ‡mB KvRwU
ïiæ n‡”Q Avw`evmx fvlvi ¯^xK…wZi
gva¨‡g|
Aek¨ GB avc Ggwb Av‡m wb,
eis eû eQi Avw`evmx Av‡›`vj‡bi
c‡iB GUv n‡q‡Q| ‡mB Av‡›`vj‡b
Zv‡`i Ab¨Zg mnKvix wQj evg
`j¸‡jvi "‡`k mevi" gÂ|
evsjv‡`k miKv‡ii fv‡l¨ GK
mgq ejv nZt "evsjv‡`‡k ‡Kvb
Avw`evmx Rb‡Mvôx ‡bB"| AvR
GZeQi c‡i ‡mB wPšÍvi Avg~j
cwieZ©b G‡m‡Q| ax‡i e‡n ‡gNbv,
wKš‘ ‡m e‡n e‡U|

10 eQ‡i `yB jvL wn›`ycwievi wd‡i G‡m‡Q

Awc©Z m¤úwË AvBb w`‡q MZ 50
eQ‡i hZ wn›`y cwiev‡ii Rwg
Rei`Lj n‡qwQj, miKvi µgvMZ
‡mB Rwg wdwi‡q ‡`evi e¨ve¯’v
Ki‡Q| GB c`‡¶‡ci Kvi‡Y `yB
jvL wn›`y cwievi, hviv 1971-Gi
c‡i ‡Kvb GK mgq Rwg nvZQvW়v
n‡q fvi‡Z DØv¯Íy n‡qwQj, Zviv
evsjv‡`‡k wd‡i Avm‡Q|
wKQy¯’v‡b Aek¨ Rwg `LjKvixiv
G c«Z¨veZ©b _vgvevi ‡Póv Pvjv‡”Q|
Z‡e ¯’vbxq miKv‡ii mvnv‡h¨ `Lj
Kiv Rwg g~j gvwj‡Ki Kv‡Q wd‡i
hv‡”Q| gv‡jvcvW়vi ‡MŠZg ‡`Iqvb
GK mv¶vrKv‡i e‡j‡Qb, "mviv
Rxeb ‡`‡L Avmjvg miKvi ïay
Avgv‡`i wc‡Q jv‡M, ‡Kvbw`b mvnvh¨
K‡i bv| AvR GB bZyb aib ‡`‡L
Lywe Lywk, wKš‘ Avevi Avgvi wVK
cy‡ivcywi wek¦vm n‡”Q bv| GB bZyb
ai‡b Af¨vm n‡Z mgq jvM‡e!"
1965 mv‡j cvK-fviZ hy‡×i c‡i
fviZ‡K miKvix fv‡eB kÎy ‡`k
wn‡m‡e Mb¨ Kiv nq| '`¨ wW‡dÝ Ae
cvwK¯Ívb AwW©b¨vÝ 1965'-Gi
gva¨‡g AvBbwU Kiv nq hv "kÎy
m¤úwË AvBb" bv‡g cwiwPZ| IB
Aa¨v‡`‡ki 169 Dcwewa Abyhvqx c~e©
cvwK¯Ív‡bi ‡hme bvMwiK 1965
mv‡ji 6 ‡m‡Þ¤^‡ii Av‡M ‡_‡K
fvi‡Z wQj Ges ‡mB ZvwiL ‡_‡K
1969 mv‡ji 16 ‡de«yqvwii g‡a¨
fvi‡Z P‡j wM‡qwQj, Zv‡`i kÎy

wn‡m‡e MY¨ Kiv nq| ‡mB m‡½
Zv‡`i RwgRgv kÎy m¤úwË wn‡m‡e
ZvwjKvfy³ Kiv nq hvi gvwjKvbv
miKvi wb‡Z cv‡i| fviZI ‡m
mgq Zv‡`i ‡`‡k Abyiƒc GK AvBb
Rvwi K‡i cvwK¯Ív‡b bvMwiKZ¡
M«nYKvixi fviZxq m¤úwË miKv‡ii
AwaKv‡i wb‡q Av‡b|
1971 mv‡j fviZ wgÎ ‡`k n‡q
‡M‡jI, ¯^vaxb ‡`‡ki wn›`y
m¤cÖ`v‡qi ‡jvK‡`iB Gevi
ivó«xqfv‡e kÎy we‡ePbv ïiæ nq|
1974 mv‡j GK miKvix ‡M‡R‡U
kÎy m¤úwË AvBb evwZj Kiv nq,
wKš‘ GKB mv‡_ ‡`‡k cwiZ¨v³
AevsMvjx‡`i m¤úwË miKvix
AwaM«n‡bi Rb¨ ÔAwc©Z m¤úwË
AvBbÕ Pvjy nq| Av‡Mi kÎy m¤úwË
AvBb evwZj n‡jI c~e© cvwK¯Ívb
_vKv Ae¯’vq hv‡`i m¤úwË miKvi
AwaM«nb K‡iwQj, ‡mme Avi ‡diZ
‡`evi e‡›`ve¯Í G AvB‡bI wQj bv|
GB ÔAwc©Z m¤úwË AvBbÕ Gi
AvIZv‡ZI ‡hme evsjv‡`kx ‡`‡ki
¯’vqx evwm›`v bb, wKsev Ab¨ ‡Kvb
‡`‡ki bvMwiKZ¡ M«nb K‡i‡Qb,
Zv‡`i bv‡g _vKv m¤úwË AwaM«nb
Kivi Rb¨ miKvi‡K ¶gZv ‡`Iqv
nq| Awc©Z m¤úwË AvB‡bi
QÎQvqv‡ZB Gevi Pj‡Z _v‡K ag©xq
msL¨vjNyi m¤úwË `Lj|
1976 Gi b‡f¤^‡i AvBb cwieZ©b
K‡i miKv‡ii ¶gZv Av‡iv evW়v‡bv

nq– Gevi miKvi ïayAwaM«nbB bq,
m¤úwË c«`vb KiviI ¶gZv ‡c‡q
hvq| ïiæ nq `jxq Kg©x‡`i g‡a¨
AwaM«nb Kiv m¤úwË fvM ev‡Uvqviv
Kivi ‡iIqvR |
1991 mv‡j msm‡` ‡`‡k c«vq m
†o AvU j¶ GKi Rwg Awc©Z m¤úwË
wn‡m‡e miKv‡ii Aax‡b Av‡Q e‡j
Rvbv‡bv nq| ‡m mgq GB AvBb

gvbevwaKvi ms¯’v¸wji c«ej
mgv‡jvPbvi wkKvi nq| 1997 mv‡j
`ywU mgx¶vq c«Kvk cvq ‡h ‡gvU
1.05 wgwjqb GKi Rwg kÎy/Awc©Z
m¤úwË AvB‡b AwaM«nb Kiv n‡q‡Q,
Ges ‡`‡ki kZKiv 30 fvM wn›`y
emZevwo GB AvB‡bi wkKvi
n‡q‡Q|
A_©bxwZwe` Aveyj evivKvZ Õ97

mv‡j 'Inquiry into Causes and
Consequences of Deprivation of Hindu Minorities in
Bangladesh through the
Vested Property Act' bv‡gi
GKwU M‡elbv g~jK eB‡q c«Kvk
K‡ib ‡h 925,050 wn›`y emZevwo
(evsjv‡`‡ki kZKiv 40% wn›`y
cwievi) GB AvB‡b ¶wZM«¯’ nq|
Pvlvev‡`i Rwg nvivq 748,850wU
cwievi| ‡gvU Rwgi cwigvb 1.64
wgwjqb GKi, hv wn›`y m¤cÖ`v‡qi
gvwjKvbvwab ‡gvU 53% f~m¤úwË|
GB m¤úwËi cwigvb mgM«
evsjv‡`‡ki 5.3% fvM|
Ab¨w`‡K m¤úwË `Lj K‡i
jvfevb n‡q‡Q gvÎ 0.4% ‡jvK|
Aveyj evivKv‡Zi wn‡m‡e c«wZw`b
M‡o 500 Gi Ici wn›`y‡`k ‡Q‡o
P‡j hv‡”Q|
me©‡k‡l "c«_g Av‡jv" cwÎKvq
2012 mv‡j c«Kvk nq ‡h bq jvL
wn›`y RbmsL¨v K‡g ‡M‡Q 20012011 mv‡ji g‡a¨| GB Lei c«Kvk
cvevi ci ‡_‡KB Awc©Z m¤úwË
AvBb-Gi AvIZvq `Lj Kiv Rwg
wdwi‡q ‡`evi Av‡›`vjb ïiæ nq|
"ag© hvi hvi/‡`k mevi" bv‡gi GB
Av‡›`vj‡bi eû eQ‡ii ‡Póv ‡k‡l
AvR Ae‡k‡l evsjv‡`‡ki wn›`y
RbmsL¨v wd‡i Avmv ïiæ K‡i‡Q|
Avgiv Zv‡`i mevB‡K Awfb›`b
RvbvB| ‡`k mevi|

Second Section Fn_Layout 1 22/01/14 10:15 AM Page 3

11
09 †deªæqvix 2024, ïµevi
ˆ`wbK KvíwbK
cvwK¯Ív‡bi wKQyAsk hv hy‡× ‡`qv n‡e| Gw`‡K ‡Zj I
cvwK¯Ívbx Awdmvi cwðg
fvi‡Zi `L‡j P‡j wM‡qwQj Zvi ga¨c«v‡P¨i mgm¨v wb‡q 22-24

- cÖ_g cvZvi ci
cwiKíbv Kiv nq| cvwK¯Ívbx ‡mbviv
Acv‡ikb PjvKvjxb mg‡q Lyu‡R
Ly‡uR eyw×Rxex‡`i nZ¨v Ki‡Z _v‡K|
XvKv wek¦we`¨vj‡qi A‡bK wk¶K‡K
25‡k gv‡P©i iv‡ZB nZ¨v Kiv nq|
Z‡e, cwiKwíZ nZ¨vi e¨vcK AskwU
N‡U hy× ‡kl nevi gvÎ K‡qKw`b
Av‡M| ¯^vaxbZv jv‡fi c«v°v‡j 14
wW‡m¤^i ivRvKvi cvwK¯Ívb Avwg©i
wb‡`©‡k evsjv‡`‡ki c«vq 300 Rb
eyw×Rxex‡K - hv‡`i g‡a¨ i‡q‡Qb
wk¶K, Wv³vi, c«‡KŠkjx, wkíx,
Kwe, mvwnwZ¨K, weÁvbx - a‡i wb‡q
nZ¨v K‡i| XvKv Ges evsjv‡`‡ki
wewfbœ RvqMvq cieZ©x mg‡q ‡ek
wKQy MYKei I ea¨f~wgi mÜvb
cvIqv ‡M‡Q Ges gv‡S gv‡SB Ggb
bZyb ea¨f~wg Avwe®‹…Z n‡”Q| hy×
PjvKvjxb mg‡q cvwK¯Ívbx ‡mbvevwnbx GKwU ZvwjKv ‰Zwi K‡i,
‡hLv‡b GB me ¯^vaxbZvKvgx
eyw×Rxex‡`i bvg AšÍf©~³ Kiv nq|
aviYv Kiv nq cvwK¯Ívbx evwnbxi
c‡¶ G Kv‡Ri g~j cwiKíbvKvix
wQ‡jb ‡gRi ‡Rbv‡ij ivI digvb
Avwj| KviY ¯^vaxbZvi ci aŸsmc«vß
e½feb ‡_‡K Zvi ¯^n‡¯Í wjwLZ
Wv‡qix cvIqv hvq hv‡Z A‡bK wbnZ
I RxweZ eyw×Rxexi bvg wQj| GQvW়v
AvBqye kvmb Avg‡ji Z_¨ mwPe
AvjZvd MIn‡ii GK mv¶vrKvi
n‡Z Rvbv hvq ‡h, digvb Avjxi
ZvwjKvq Zvi eÜyKwe mvbvDj n‡Ki
bvg wQj| AvjZvd MIn‡ii
Aby‡iv‡a ivI digvb Avwj Zvi
Wv‡qixi wj÷ ‡_‡K mvbvDj n‡Ki
bvg ‡K‡U ‡`b|
hy× ‡k‡l wPwýZ 195 cvwK¯Ívbx
hy×vcivaxi evB‡i ‡hb Avi ‡Kvb
cvwK¯Ívbx ‰m‡b¨i wePv‡i evsjv‡`k
AvM«nx bv nq, fviZ ‡mRb¨ Pvc
c«‡qvM Ae¨vnZ iv‡L| 1973 m‡bi
Gwc«‡ji c«_g mßv‡n fviZxq we‡kl
KyUbxwZK wc Gb nv¯‹i hLb XvKv
md‡i Av‡mb, ZLb fviZxq
c«fvekvjx ‰`wbK Ôw` ‡÷Umg¨vbÕGi GK m¤úv`Kxq‡Z ejv nq,
Òevsjv‡`k‡K ‡h Av‡iv mnbkxjZv
I ivR‰bwZK bgbxqZv c«`k©b Ki‡Z
n‡e, GB K_vUv ‡hb nv¯‹i mv‡ne bg«
wKš‘ ‡Rviv‡jv fv‡e evsjv‡`k‡K
Rvwb‡q ‡`bÓ| evsjv‡`k mdi ‡kl
K‡i wc Gb nv¯‹i RyjvB Gi ‡kl
mßv‡n hLb cvwK¯Ívb mdi K‡ib,
‡mLv‡bI IB 195 Rb hy×vcivaxi
welqwU gyj Av‡jvP¨ welq wQj|
Gw`‡K cvwK¯Ívbx ‰mb¨‡`i wePv‡i
Px‡bi AbvM«n fvi‡Zi Rb¨I
mgm¨vi KviY n‡q `vW়vq| d‡j
AvšÍ©RvwZK I Af¨šÍixY `vexi gy‡L
fviZ `ªæZ cvwK¯Ívbx e›`x‡`i ‡Q‡o
‡`evi Rb¨ DrmyK n‡q I‡V| Gmgq
fviZ Zvi wePvi-we‡ivax Ae¯’vb
¯úó K‡i evsjv‡`k‡K Rvwb‡q ‡`q
‡h, ÔGB wePvi c«wµqv Dcgnv‡`‡ki
m¤ú‡K©i AebwZ NUv‡eÕ|
D‡jL¨, Bw›`iv MvÜx 1972 m‡b
wmgjv Pyw³i mgq fy‡Æv‡K c«¯Íve
w`‡qwQ‡jb, cvwK¯Ívb ‡h ‡Kvb GKwU
welq c«v_wgKfv‡e fvi‡Zi Kv‡Q
‡diZ PvB‡Z cv‡i- nq AvUK
cvwK¯Ívbx hy×e›`xi gyw³, A_ev

Aegyw³| fy‡Æv wbw`©avq hy×e›`xi
e`‡j fvi‡Zi `L‡j _vKv Rwg
Aegy³ Kivi Dci ‡Rvi ‡`b, d‡j
fviZ-cvwK¯Ívb mxgvšÍB wmgjv‡Z
AM«vwaKvi cvq, hy×e›`x bq|
hy×vcivax‡`i ev` w`‡q hy×e›`x
c«Z¨vevm‡b fy‡Æv Zvi AvcwË eRvq
iv‡Lb| wZwb Rvb‡Zb cvwK¯Ívbx
hy×e›`x‡`i fib-‡cvlb wQj fvi‡Zi
‡R‡bfv Kb‡fbk‡bi kZ©, wKš‘
cvwK¯Ív‡b AvUK AwaKvsk evOvjxB
mvavib RbMb Ges Zviv ‡Kvb
AvbyôvwbK ev c«vwZôvwbK myi¶vewÃZ| d‡j Gme evOvjx‡`i
wbh©vZ‡bi Lei Lye GKUv c«KvwkZ
n‡e bv| AwaKvsk evOvjxB hy‡×i ci
PvKix nvivb Ges ‡eKvi Ae¯’vq
AvUK _vKvq me©¯^ wewµ K‡i w`b
Pvjvw”Q‡jb| G Ae¯’vq AvUK
evOvjx‡`i c‡¶ Avi ‡ewk w`b wU‡K
_vKv m¤¢e bq ‡R‡b 8 gvP© 1973
m‡b ‡kL gywRe RvwZmsNmn Ab¨vb¨
AvšÍ©RvwZK c«wZôvb‡K Aby‡iva
K‡ib G APjve¯’vi Aemv‡b GwM‡q
Avmvi Rb¨|
Ae‡k‡l `xN© Av‡jvPbvi ci
evsjv‡`k-fvi‡Zi
ÔhyMcr
c«Z¨vevmbÕ c«¯Íve ‡g‡b wb‡q
cvwK¯Ívb 28‡k AvM÷ 1973 mv‡j
w`wjø‡Z fvi‡Zi mv‡_ GKwU Pyw³
¯^v¶i K‡i| evsjv‡`‡ki m¤§wZ‡Z
¯^v¶wiZ G wØcvw¶K Pyw³ Ae‡k‡l
cvwK¯Ívb I fvi‡Z c«vq `yB eQi a‡i
AvUK Ôc«vqÕ mKj evOvjx I
cvwK¯Ívbx e›`xi gyw³ Zivwš^Z K‡i|
1973 mv‡ji 18B ‡m‡Þ¤^i ïiæ GB
c«Z¨vevmb c«wµqvi c«_g mßv‡nB
1468 Rb evOvjx Ges 1308 Rb
cvwK¯Ívbx ‰m‡b¨i c«Z¨vevmb m¤úbœ
nq|Z‡e evsjv‡`‡ki AvcwËi gy‡L
195 Rb cvwK¯Ívbx‡K GB c«wµqvi
evB‡i ivLv nq| w`wjø Pyw³‡Z mx×všÍ
‡bqv nq ‡h evsjv‡`k I cvwK¯Ívb
wb‡R‡`i g‡a¨ 195 Rb cvwK¯Ívbxi
welqwUi wb®úwË Ki‡e|Z‡e
cvwK¯ÍvbI Zvi 195 Rb
cvwK¯Ívbx‡K ‡diZ bv cvIqv ch©šÍ
`yBkZvwaK evsjv‡`wk bvMwiK‡K
cYe›`x wn‡m‡e GB c«Z¨vevm‡bi
evB‡i ‡i‡L ‡`q|
GZ wKQyi c‡iI hLb evsjv‡`k
miKvi 195 Rb cvwK¯Ívbxi wePv‡ii
wel‡q AbW় _v‡K, ZLb 1973-Gi
Gwc«‡j cvwK¯Ívb miKvi GKwU weKí
c«¯Íve ‡`q| cvwK¯Ívb G¨v‡dqvm©
cwÎKvi 1973 mv‡ji 1 ‡g c«KvwkZ
GB c«¯Ív‡e ejv nq- "Awfhy³
Aciva ‡h‡nZy cvwK¯Ív‡bi GKwU
As‡kB N‡U‡Q, ‡m‡nZy cvwK¯Ívb
XvKvq ‡h ‡Kvb hy×e›`xi wePvi
Abyôv‡bi we‡ivwaZv K‡i| wKš‘
cvwK¯Ívb
wb‡R
ÒRywWwkqvj
U«vBe¨ybvjÓ MVb K‡i GmKj e¨w³i
wePv‡i AvM«nx hv AvšÍ©RvwZK Av¯’v
AR©b Ki‡Z m¶g n‡e|"
cvwK¯Ív‡bi m¤ú` I ‡`bvi
e›Ubmn
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AgxgvsmxZ welq¸wj wb‡q gywRefy‡Æv ‰eV‡K `yB ‡`kB AvM«n c«Kvk
K‡i| wKš‘ ‡kL gywRe kZ© ‡`b ‡h,
cvwK¯Ív‡bi ¯^xK…wZ e¨ZxZ ‡Kvb
Av‡jvPbv n‡e bv| Ab¨w`‡K fy‡Æv
kZ© ‡`b ‡h, Av‡jvPbvi ci ¯^xK…wZ

Av‡iv Lei

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12

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'Kv‡Ri ‡jvK' wnmv‡e A‡b‡K KvR
K‡i| fwel¨‡Z Gme ‡mKU‡ii
K_vI fve‡Z n‡e|"

PÆMÖv‡g A¨vc‡ji 2q KviLvbv Ly‡j‡Q
evsjv‡`k ‡Uvev‡Kv ‡Kv¤úvwb (ev
wewUwm) cwiZ¨³ KviLvbvi Dci 3
eQ‡ii KvR ‡k‡l AvR hy³iv‡ó«i
A¨vcj K¤úyUvi ‡Kv¤úvwb Zv‡`i
bZyb KviLvbv Ly‡j‡Q| Rvbv ‡M‡Q
GB KviLvbvq AvBc¨v` 16 ‰Zix
n‡e| PÆM«v‡g GwU A¨vc‡ji 2q
KviLvbv| KviLvbv D‡Øvab K‡ib
K¤úyUvi Dcgš¿x|
MZ 5 eQi a‡i ‡ek wKQy c«hyw³
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KvR ïiæ K‡i‡Q| G‡`i g‡a¨
hy³iv‡ó«i A¨vcj ‡Kv¤úvwbi AvMgb
‡ek Av‡MB n‡q‡Q| e›`ibMi
PÆM«v‡g Zv‡`i c«_g d¨v±ix ïiæ nq
2018 mv‡j| ‡mB mgq cwiZ¨³
GK wekvj ¸`vgNi AvaywbwKKi‡bi
gva¨‡g Zv‡`i c«_g KviLvbv Pvjy
nq| 1g d¨v±ix A¨vc‡ji UvP ¯Œxb
wbg©v‡Yi Kv‡R wb‡qvwRZ wQj|
k«wgK AwaKvi welqK gš¿x g‡k«dv
nvbv Rvwb‡q‡Qb ‡h wPb †`k ‡_‡K

KviLvbv evsjv‡`‡k ¯’vbvšÍi nevi
eo KviY wQj k«wgK AwaKv‡i
evsjv‡`‡ki AM«Yx f~wgKv| Dbvi
¯^fve myjf fw½‡Z wZwb ‡c«m
Kbdv‡i‡Ý e‡jb, "mvsevw`K
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bv ‡h wP‡bi gZ Avgiv m¯Ív k«‡gi
Rb¨ cwiwPZ nB| ivbv cøvRv'i 10
eQi ci evsjv‡`‡ki KviLvbv'i D”P
wbivcËv I Kv‡Ri cwi‡e‡ki Rb¨
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GKUv kvU© evbv‡Z jv‡M
15 Wjvi, ‡hLv‡b Av‡M
wQj K‡qK ‡m‡›Ui
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nvm‡jb|
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wb‡q GKUv
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c«_g A¨vc‡ji kxl©¯’vbxq g¨vbvRvi‡`i ‡Pv‡L evsjv‡`‡ki Kg©¶gZv aiv c‡i| evj¥vi hw`I eû
eQi A¨vcj ‡_‡K B¯Ídv w`‡q‡Q, Zey
‡m gv‡S gv‡S we‡kl c«K‡íi Dci

KvR K‡i| A¨vcj‡K evsjv‡`‡k
Avbv wQj Ggb GKwU c«Kí|
mvsevw`K gn‡j ¸Äb Av‡Q ‡h
A¨vcj c«_gZ ‡P‡qwQj AvBwb
c×wZ‡Z wRwÄiv'i bKj Pvjvb eÜ
Ki‡Z| ciewZ©‡Z, hy³iv‡ó«i AwZ
kw³kvjx c«evmx evsjv‡`kxi jexi
Pv‡c ‡mB cwiKíbv ev` c‡i‡Q|
GK cwimsL¨vb wnmve K‡i‡Q ‡h
hy³iv‡ó«i c«hyw³ Lv‡Zi c«vq 20%
GLb c«evmx evsjv‡`kx‡`i nv‡Z|

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13

ˆ`wbK KvíwbK

09 †deªæqvix 2024, ïµevi

Av‡iv Lei

cvZvj †U«‡b "K¨v‡d g¨vs‡Mv" eMx †hvM

evsjv‡`‡ki RvZxq cvZvj ‡U«‡b
Gevi bZyb gvÎv ‡hvM n‡”Q| j¤^v
hvÎvi mg‡q AwbqwgZ Lvevi
weµqKvix‡`i e`‡j Gevi c«wZ j¤^vhvÎv ‡U«‡b (3 NÈvi E‡aŸ©) GKwU
K¨v‡d Kvi hy³ Kiv n‡e| K¨v‡d‡Z
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hv‡e| avbgwÛi "K¨v‡d g¨vs‡Mv"-‡K
cix¶vg~jK fv‡e GB Kv‡Ri jxR
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Uvqvi, g¨vM‡bwUK ‡jwf‡Ukb ev
g‡bv‡ijI e¨eüZ nq| Aek¨
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m¤úK© ‡i‡L P‡j| RvZxq MY
cwienY ms¯’v GB e¨e¯’vi
cwiPvjbvi `vwq‡Z¡ | `ªæZ cwienY
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wKš‘ `yicvjøvi hvÎxevnx ‡U«‡bi
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nq| ‡Kv‡bv ‡Kv‡bv ‡¶‡Î ivevi

e¨e¯’vq Lye Kg cwigvY Rwg e¨envi
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cwienY e¨e¯’vi Ab¨vb¨ iƒc¸wj nj
wccj gyfvi, ‡Qv‡Uv AvKv‡ii jvBU
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we‡k¦i c«_g `ªæZ cwienY e¨e¯’v
jÛb AvÛviM«vDÛ Pvjy nq 1863
mv‡j| Gici Lye Aí mg‡qi g‡a¨B
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wbD BqK© mveI‡q| hw`I jvB‡bi
Gi ci c„ôv 06 Kjvg 1

jvjb kv‡ni gvRv‡i evwYwR¨K cÖwZôvb wb‡la
jvjb kv‡ni gvRv‡ii cweÎZv
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wewfbœ evwYwR¨K c«Kí mwi‡q ‡djvi
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hv‡e| Rvbv ‡M‡Q jvjb wb‡q M‡elYv
Ki‡Z evsjv‡`k Ges we‡`‡ki ‡hme
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AvLW়v evwoi AvqZb mv‡o 14
GKi| miKvwi mnqZvq ‡mLv‡b
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1890 mv‡ji 17B A‡±vei jvjb
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wZwb MvbevRbv K‡ib Ges GK mgq
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_vKvq Zvi g…Z¨yi ci wn›`y ev
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bxwZB cvjb Kiv nq wb| ZviB
Dc‡`k Abymv‡i ‡QDwoqvq Zvi
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mgvwa Kiv nq| AvRI mviv ‡`k
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Zv‡`i k«×v wb‡e`b K‡i|
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Gi ci c„ôv 06 Kjvg 5

knx` wgbvi: GKz‡k †deªæqvix we‡kl cÖ`k©Yx

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ˆ`wbK KvíwbK

09 †deªæqvix 2024, ïµevi

we‡kl iPbv

myjZvbvi mvivRxeb
†eMg †iv‡Kqv

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04:00, 07:00, 10:00

Second Section Fn_Layout 1 22/01/14 10:16 AM Page 7

15

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09 †deªæqvix 2024, ïµevi

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Second Section Fn_Layout 1 22/01/14 10:16 AM Page 8

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