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# DESIGN OF CIRCULAR WATER TANK (Flaxible joint) Name of work :- pkn 1 Tank capacity 400 K ltr 400000 ltr

2 Depth of water 3 Free board 4 Conrete M 4.00 0.20 20 7 415 25 mm N/mm2 mtr m 4000 200 mm mm

scbc
5 Steel fy

unit weight 25000 N/m3 m 13.3 Tensile stress Effective Cover 230 30 N/mm2 mm

## 6 Nominal Cover 7 Reinforcement Hoops Ring Vertivcal FloorMain Distribution

170

20 10 8 8
150 160

mm F mm F mm F mm F
11.60

## mm c/c mm c/c mm c/c mm c/c

170

20 mm f Bars 10 mm f Bars

mm c/c mm c/c

4.00

## 8 mm f Bars 200 mm c/c both side

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joint)

## DESIGN OF CIRCULAR WATER TANK(Flaxible joint)

Name of work :Tank capacity Depth of water Free board Conrete pkn 400 k ltr 4.00 m 0.20 m M fy scbc 20 2 415 N/mm 2 7 N/mm 25 mm 400000 mm 4000 mm 200 mm 230 N/mm 13.3 30 mm
2

Nominal cover

## Cocrete M = wt. of concrete 13.3 13.3 x x 7 3 0.904 7 +

20

sst = scbc =
k=

230 7 m*c

N/mm2 N/mm = x
2

2 = 25000 N/mm

m = 13.3
230 = = x 0.288 = 0.288 0.904 0.9116 4.00 - 0.20 = 3.80 m 400000 x 1000 1000 x 1000 11.60 m

## m*c+sst j=1-k/3 = 1 R=1/2xc x j x k = 0.5

Solution:-

0.288 7

/ x

Dimention of tank:-

=

400

11.60
2

4.00

11.60 = 227360 2

## N/metre height of base

115 N/mm2 227360 Area of hoop steel at base is Ash = = 1977 mm2 / m height 115 3.14xdia2 3.14 x 20 x 20 = using 20 mm bars A = = 314 mm2 4 x100 4 x 100 Spacing of hoop Bars = 1000 x 314 / 1977 = 159 say = 150 mm Hence Provided 20 mm F bar, @ 150 mm c/c 1000 x 314 having, Ast = = 2093 mm2 150 wHD/2 where sct= permissible direct tensile If T is thicness of wall, we have, sct = 1000 T+(m-1)Ash stress of concrete 1.2 N/mm2 T = thickness of wall in mm for m - 20 concrete m = modular ratio = 13.3 227360 = 1.2 = mm \ T= 164 1000 T+( 13.3 1 )x 2093 Thickness of wall from empirical formula = 3H+5 = 3 x 4.00 + 5 = 17 cm 170 mm Hence provide a thickness of 170 mm throughout the height . Spacing of hoop can be increased
near the top Providing a minimum reinforcement 0.30% at the top.

Ash

## 0.3 x 1000 100 Spacing of hoop Bars = 1000 =

x x

170

510 510 =

mm

314 /

616

say

610 mm

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However, the spacing of hoops should not more than 3 times of thickness of wall. Hence keep a spacing of 500 mm c/c at the top.Since the thickness of wall is less than 225 mm reinforcement provided at the center of thickness. If, however, the thickness is more than 225 mm , half the hoops would have been placed near the inner face and other half at the outer face (i.e. the spacig of the hoops would have been doubled). The spacing at the other height can be similarly found. For example at the depth of 2.00 m below the w.h.D/2 9800 x 2 x 5.80 top, the area of hoops is given by Ash = = = 989 mm2 115 ss Spacing of hoop Bars = 1000 x 314 / 989 = 317 say = 300 mm 3 Vertical reinforcement :Distribution and temprecture reinforcement is provided in vertical direction, 170 - 100 and area is = 0.30 ,0.10 x = 0.280 % 450 - 100 0.280 2 Asd = x 170 x 1000 = 476 mm 100 2 3.14xdia 3.14 x 10 x 10 using 10 mm bars A = = = 79 mm2 4 x100 4 x 100 Spacing of hoop Bars = 1000 x 79 / 476 = 165 say = 160 mm Hence Provided 10 mm F bar, @ 160 mm c/c. This wil also serve the purpose of tieing the hoop reinforcement. 4 Design of tank floor.:Since the tank floor is resting on ground throughout , provide a minimum thickness of 150 mm 0.30 2 Minimum Ast = x 150 x 1000 = 450 mm in each direction 100 Provide half the reinfocement near each face, Ast = 225 mm2 2 3.14xdia 3.14 x 8 x 8 = using 8 mm bars A = = 50 mm2 4 x100 4 x 100 Spacing of hoop Bars = 1000 x 50 / 225 = 223 say = 200 mm However provide 8 mm f bars @ 200 mm c/c in both direction , at top and bottom of floor slab. The floor slab will rest on 75 mm thick layer of lean concrete covered with a layer of tar felt. 5 Detail of reinforcement :The detail shown in drawing.

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#REF!

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170

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11600 mm f Ring mm c/c 170

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mm f Ring mm c/c

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4000 #REF! #REF! mm f Ring mm c/c #REF! m mm f Ring mm c/c #REF! mm f Ring #REF! mm c/c

#REF! mm f Ring #REF! mm c/c #REF! Strip painting Joint sealing compound

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#REF! pk_nandwana@yahoo.co.in