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WAYS OF.. Ways of walking Amble: walk at a slow, leisurely pace. They ambled along for miles.

Crawl: move slowly with the body close to the ground or on hands and knees. A baby crawls before he can walk. Creep: to move very quietly and carefully, often with your body in a low position so that nobody will notice you. He crept down the stairs hoping that nobody would wake art: move quickly and suddenly in the specified direction. !he darted away when " came in. ash: move quickly and suddenly, rush. " must dash or "#ll miss the train. $dge: move gradually with small movements. %aul decided to edge away from the crowd. &rogmarch: force somebody to walk by holding his arms tightly by his side, usually because of bad behaviour. The prefect frogmarched the boy to the detention room Hike: take a long walk in the mountains or countryside, as an adventure. The group hiked up to the top of the hill. Hobble: walk with difficulty. The old man hobbled along the street with the aid of his stick. Hop: move by 'umping on one foot. The man hopped down the road after hurting his foot. (og: run slowly and steadily, as a way of e)ercising. !he goes 'ogging every day. *imp: to walk in an uneven way because you have hurt your leg or foot. He fell and twisted his ankle and limped home in a great pain. *ollop: run with long awkward steps. The dog came lolloping down the path. *ope: run with long steps. The man loped off after the ball. *unge: make a sudden movement towards somebody or something. The bo)er lunged forward and grabbed his opponent by the arm. *urch: stagger. The drunken man was lurching along the street. +arch: walk with regular steps of equal length. emonstrators marched through the streets of the city. +eander: walk in a slow, rela)ed way instead of taking the most direct way possible. ,-ivers also meander..As " was sitting in the park, " watched as couples seemed to meander around happily. +ooch: wander, walk slowly without any purpose. (ohn mooched about the shops.

%ace: walk with regular steps. He paced up and down the platform, waiting for the train. %ad: walk softly and quietly. The child padded barefoot down the stairs. %addle ,/0., wade ,1!.: walk for pleasure without shoes or socks in water that is not very deep. The children were paddling in the lake. %arade: walk or march together to celebrate or protest. emonstrators paraded through the streets of the city. %lod: walk with heavy steps or with difficulty. *abourers plodded home through the muddy fields. %rance: walk with high steps or large movements, in a confident way. !he pranced around her room, pretending to be an actress. %rowl: to walk or move quietly, in a suspicious way because you are involved in a criminal activity or you are looking for something. ,around2about..!omeone was prowling about outside the house, so " called the police. -amble: walk for pleasure with no particular destination. He likes rambling around in the country. -oam: wander. They roamed through the streets for hours. -ush: hurry3 move quickly because you need to get somewhere soon. !he was late so she decided to rush off down the hall. !aunter: stroll. They sauntered around the park. !camper: run quickly and playfully. The children were scampering up the steps. !cramble: climb up or down, or over something quickly and with difficulty. They had to scramble up to the top of the hill to see the view. !curry: move quickly with short steps, because you are in a hurry. He was late so he had to scurry off to work. !cuttle: move quickly with short steps, because you are afraid or do not want to be seen. The mouse scuttled off when we entered the room. !huffle: to walk slowly by sliding your feet along instead of lifting them from the ground. The old man shuffled across the room in his slippers !kip: move forward with quick steps and 'umps. The child skipped with 'oy towards his father. !lide: move smoothly over a surface. " was sliding on the ice. !lip: slide accidentally. !he slipped on the ice and broke her leg. !neak: go quietly and secretly in order to avoid being seen or heard. The boy sneaked in without paying. !print: run very quickly for a short distance. The kids sprinted down the stairs.

!tagger: walk unsteadily as if about to fall. He was so drunk that he staggered all the way home. !talk: walk in a proud or angry way, with long steps. The teacher turned and stalked out of the classroom. !tride: to walk with long steps.-obert strode up to the desk and demanded to see the manager. !troll: walk for pleasure. They strolled around the park. !trut: walk in a proud way, with the chest out and trying to look important. He strutted past us, ignoring our greeting. !tumble2trip: ,over something.: to hit your foot against something when you are walking and almost fall over. He stumbled over a tree root. !tumble: stagger. !he stumbled upstairs and into bed. !tump: walk heavily and stiffly. They stumped up the hill. !wagger: walk proudly, strut. After winning the first pri4e, the player swaggered about proudly. Tear: run or move quickly in a dangerous or careless way. 5hen the storm started, they tore back into the house. Tiptoe: walk on the tips of one#s toes. !he tiptoed to the bed so as not to wake the baby. Toddle: walk with short unsteady steps. Her two6year6old son toddled into the room. Tramp: to walk with slow heavy steps. 5e had a miserable afternoon tramping across the moors in pouring rain. Trample: to step heavily on something or someone, causing damage or in'ury !omebody trampled all over my flowerbeds in the night7 Trek: hike3 make a long, difficult 'ourney on foot. &or ten days she trekked across the mountains of China. Trip over: catch one#s foot on something and stumble or fall. He tripped over the step and fell. Trip: walk with short quick steps, usually as young girls do. The little girl tripped happily up the road. Trudge: walk slowly and with effort because one is tired. 5e were very tired after trudging through the deep snow for two hours. 5addle: walk with short steps, moving the body from one side to another, especially to talk about birds or people with fat bodies. The fat man waddled off to the restaurant for lunch.

5ade: to walk with difficulty through deep water, mud, etc. The soldiers 'umped out of the boat and waded ashore. 5ander: move without a fi)ed purpose or destination. They en'oy wandering through the countryside WAYS OF SPEAKING speak: make use of words in a normal voice. May I speak to George? talk: speak to give information, say things. What are they talking about? hesitate: be slow to speak (or act) because one is uncertain or unwilling to talk. He hesitated before answering my question. whisper: speak softly, without vibrating the vocal cords, privately or secretly. She whispered the secret word in my ear. hiss: say something in a loud whisper. (Snakes also hiss). Get out! she hissed at me furiously. mumble: speak unclearly, so that others can't hear. He mumbled something at me which I didn t understand. mutter: speak in a low voice, which is hard to hear. She was muttering something to herself as she went out. murmur: speak in a soft, quiet voice that is difficult to hear clearly. "he classmates murmured during the test. hum: make a low continuous sound, when you take a long time deciding what to say. She hummed at the beginning of the oral e#am. grunt: make short sounds or say a few words in a rough voice, when you don't want to talk. ( igs also grunt). She grunted a few words and left the table. stammer: speak with pauses and repeating the same sound or syllable, habitually or from fear or e!citement. $%p%please gi&e me the p%p%pen' he stammered. stutter: stammer. $%p%please gi&e me the p%p%pen' he stuttered. quaver: speak tremulously, because you are nervous or upset. Her &oice qua&ered for a moment but then she regained control. lisp: speak with "th" sounds instead of "s" sounds. (ou re &ery thilly' "himon. )(ou re &ery silly' Simon.* babble = gabble: talk foolishly, in a way difficult to understand. Her fe&er made her babble without stopping. ramble: talk continuously, in a confused way. Stop rambling and get to the point' please! slur: speak unclearly, without separating the words correctly. He was so drunk that he slurred to the bartender for more. chat: have a friendly informal conversation. "hey chatted away in the corner. chatter: talk quickly and at length about something unimportant. $lease stop chattering' I m trying to listen to the "+! gossip: talk about the affairs of other people. She was gossiping about her neighbours all day. call: speak in a loud clear voice, shout, cry. "hey called for help.

shout: speak in a loud voice, in anger or to get attention. He had to shout because the music was too loud. whoop: shout loudly and happily. "he children whooped when we entered the fair. cry (out): make a sharp noise, in pain or surprise. She cried out in terror when the old man appeared suddenly. yell: cry out loudly, in fear, pain or e!citement. She yelled in terror when she saw the dead cat. scream: cry out very loudly on a high note, in fear, pain, anger or laughter. "he baby was screaming the whole day. shriek: scream. "he men shrieked with laughter. bellow: shout in a deep voice. "he captain bellowed orders at the crew. squeak: speak in a high#pitched voice. She squeaked out a few words ner&ously. squeal: speak in a high#pitched voice, with longer and louder sounds than in a squeak. ,et me go! she squealed. whine: complain in a sad, annoying voice about something. I don t want to go' whined $eter. chirp / chirrup (GB): speak in a happy high voice. -ll finished! she chirped. cheer: shout because of happiness. "he public cheered when the team appeared. croak: speak with a deep hoarse voice. She had such a terrible cold that she could only croak. blurt out: say something suddenly and tactlessly. She blurted out the bad news before I could stop her. snap: say something quickly in an angry way. What do you want? the waiter snapped. splutter: talk quickly in short confused phrases, in anger or surprise. .ut... what... where... how could you? she spluttered. bark (out): say something quickly in a loud voice. 'What do you want?' the shop assistant barked.

WAYS OF CATCHING / HOLDING To catch someone who is trying to escape

catch: to stop someone from escaping, especially by running after them. (ou ll ha&e to catch me first!' she said' running out of the room. get: to catch someone, especially before doing something unpleasant to them or punishing them. He ran for his life' but they got him in the end. corner: to catch someone by forcing them into a room or space that they can't escape from. "he man cornered me/ there was no way to escape. catch up with: to catch someone that you have been chasing or trying to catch for some time. It s no use running. "hose guards are going to catch up with us sooner or later.

hunt down: to catch someone in order to kill, hurt or punish them or trying very hard to catch them. "he soldiers had orders to hunt down the enemies. trap: to catch someone by skill or cleverness, or by forcing them into a place where they can't escape. 0on t call the police from a telephone booth/ the attacker could trap you inside.

To catch someone and not let them leave

capture: to catch a person in order to make them a prisoner. Many people at that time were captured and ensla&ed during the in&asions. round up: $o catch several people by bringing them together from different places. "he army rounded up the enemies and shot them all. take somebody prisoner: to catch someone, especially in war and keep him as a prisoner. 0uring World War II he was taken prisoner by the 1a2is. recapture: to catch someone for a second time when they have escaped after being caught once. It s not likely that they will recapture us. We ha&e lost them.

Ways o saying that the police catch a criminal

arrest: the police officer arrests someone when they tell them officially that they have done something illegal, and they take them away. "he man was arrested for dangerous dri&ing. nick: an informal %ritish word meaning &arrest&. She was nicked for shoplifting. pinch: an old#fashioned %ritish word meaning &arrest&. I heard that .ob got pinched by the police last night for that bank robbery he did. collar: catch someone and hold them so that they cannot escape. 0id you know .ob was collared last night for that bank robbery he did last week? take somebody into custody: to catch someone and take them to a police station until a court decides what their punishment will be. He was taken into custody by now' but we still don t know if they re going to release him. 'ote: (lso catch and get with the same meaning as in the first category.

To catch someone while they are doing something wrong or illegal

catch somebody red!handed: to catch someone who is in the middle of doing something bad or illegal, especially stealing, when they are not e!pecting it. "he maid was caught red%handed stealing things from the house. catch somebody in the act: to catch someone who is in the middle of doing something bad or illegal, by seeing them do it. We caught the boys in the act while they were stoning the car.

nab somebody: to catch or arrest someone in the act of doing something wrong. "he police nabbed him 3ust as he ran out of the shop with the money.

To catch an animal using special equipment or methods

trap: to catch an animal using special equipment that will hold them so that they can't escape. "he wolf has been trapped in a cage. snare: to catch a small animal or a bird using a wire or rope that holds the animal so that it can't move. "hey went to the fields to check if any rabbit had been snared in the net. capture: to catch an animal after chasing or following it. We couldn t get close enough to capture the horse. round up: to catch farm animals, especially cows, horses or sheep, by bringing them together. "he dogs helped rounding up the sheep.

To catch an ob"ect

intercept: (sports) to catch a pass intended for a member of the offensive team. He intercepted a dangerous pass 3ust on time. hook: to catch something as with a hook (also for fish).

WAYS OF LOOKING look: give attention to what one is seeing) turn the eyes and see in a certain direction. ,ook at that cute baby! see: use the power of sight. See! Here she comes! watch: look at some activity or event) keep one's eyes fi!ed on something. "he boys watched tele&ision all the afternoon. ga#e: look at something for a long time, in surprise or admiration. She ga2ed at him in disbelief when he told her the news. stare: look at something for a long time with the eyes wide open. She was staring into space. gawk = gawp: stare impolitely. Many people gathered to gawp at the crashed car. gape: look at something with one's mouth open. She gaped at him in surprise. glance: have a quick look at something. She glanced at her watch. scan: look quickly at something without careful reading. He scanned the newspaper o&er breakfast. glare: stare angrily or fiercely. She didn t answered' but 3ust glared silently at me. peer: look very carefully, as if not able to see well. He peered at me o&er his spectacles. peep: look quickly and cautiously. He was caught peeping through the keyhole.

observe: watch carefully. "he police obser&ed the man entering the bank. glimpse: have a passing view of something or someone. *sually used in the e!pression to catch a glimpse of. He could catch a glimpse of the president among the crowd. spot: recogni+e someone suddenly among many others. He was spotted by the police boarding a plane for .erlin. behold: old use of the verb to see. .ehold the king! view: (technical) look thouroughly) regard, consider. "hat film hasn t been &iewed by the censor yet. sight: see for the first time. "he men in the ship finally sighted land. leer: look in an unpleasant way, suggesting ill will or lust. "he man leered at the young girl. blink: shut and open the eyes quickly. How long can you stare without blinking? wink: close one eye briefly, as a signal to somebody. He winked at me to show that he was 3ust 3oking. rown: look in a worried or angry way, moving down the eyebrows together. He read the telegram' frowning at its contents. scowl: frown angrily. She was &ery angry and scowled at him while she talked. squint: look with eyes half shut or turned sideways, or through a narrow opening. She squinted through the letter%bo# and saw an en&elope. peek: look quickly and secretively. She found her brother peeking at her diary. ogle: look or stare (at a woman) suggesting se!ual interest. Most women hate being ogled at. goggle: look with the eyes wide open in surprise or shock. (old# fashioned) $eople were goggling at her as if she were from another planet. eyeball: look directly or closely. 4rancis eyeballed a beautiful woman at the party. take a gander at something: (informal) look at something. cast an eye on/over something: look at something, e!amine something. browse: look through the pages of a book or maga+ine) look at the goods in a shop without really wanting to buy anything. Sheila spent all the afternoon browsing the boutiques. scrutini#e: e!amine thoroughly and carefully. 5ohn scrutini2ed the painting at the museum.

WAYS OF LAUGHI G laugh: e!press ,oy by making a sound, moving the face or body. She splashed water on 1ick and we all began laughing. chuckle: laugh quietly, because you are thinking about something funny. What are you chuckling about? I don t see anything funny.

giggle: laugh quietly and repeatedly because you are nervous or embarrassed. She spilt the wine on the tablecloth and then giggled ner&ously at me. give somebody the giggles: make somebody start giggling. titter: laugh quietly, unkindly at something embarrassing. -fter she ended the lecture' she heard someone tittering. snigger (GB) / snicker ($%): laugh quietly, unkindly at something that is not supposed to be funny. When the teacher tripped on the steps' the boys sniggered. roar / howl / shriek with laughter: laugh very loudly. It was such a good comedy that when it finished' he was still roaring with laughter. chortle: give a loud chuckle of pleasure or amusement. When I told her the 3oke' she started to chortle with delight. cackle: laugh loudly in a high voice. When I told her the 3oke' she started cackling and couldn t stop! gu aw: laugh noisily. "hey guffawed at what their baby had done. "eer: laugh at somebody or shout unkind things at them. "he president was 3eered by a crowd of protesters. burst into laughter: suddenly start laughing. "he class burst into laughter. laugh your head o : (informal) laugh a lot and loudly. He told us a 3oke after another' and we laughed our heads off! smile: make one's mouth curve upwards, in order to be friendly or because one is happy. -s the boy left' he smiled at his mother and wa&ed. beam: smile very happily. "he mother looked at her son and beamed proudly. grin: smile widely. When she knew she had won the pri2e' she grinned broadly. simper: smile in a silly and annoying way. He simpered at the boys as he spoke. smirk: smile in an unpleasant way, to show that you are pleased by somebody's bad luck. "he kids smirked when the teacher fell on the floor. sneer: smile in an unkind way, showing no respect for somebody. She sneered at his boyfriend s musical tastes.

WAYS OF SHINING shine: give out light, be bright. She cleaned the glasses until they shone. glow: give out heat and"or light without flames. "he embers were still glowing. beam: give out heat and light. It s a fabulous day' the sun is beaming! gleam: give out a soft and bright light. She had polished the ornaments so that they gleamed. bla#e: give out a bright light. "he sun bla2ed down on the beach. glisten: shine brightly (for polished or wet surfaces). Her eyes were glistening with tears. glitter: shine brightly with flashes of light. Her necklace was glittering with diamonds.

sparkle: shine brightly with flashes of light. "he diamond sparkles in the light. glint: shine brightly with small flashes of light. "he gold rims of his glasses glinted in the sun. lash: give out a sudden bright light. "he lightning flashed across the sky. glare: shine with a strong light in a way unpleasant to the eyes. "he sun glared out of the blue sky. da##le: shine so brightly that it stops you from seeing properly for a short time. "he dri&er might ha&e been da22led by the headlights of the oncoming car. shimmer: give out a soft trembling light. "he moonlight was shimmering on the sea. glimmer: give out a faint unsteady light. We could see lights glimmering in the distance. licker: shine (or burn) unsteadily. "he lights flickered for a moment. twinkl!: shine unsteadily. The stars were twinkling in the sky.

WAYS OF EATING eat: have food. She eats meat e&eryday. tuck in: (informal) eat eagerly, with en,oyment. When the guests arri&ed' $eter was already at the table tucking in. lick: eat something by rubbing it with the tongue. "he boy was sitting in the garden licking an icecream. have a snack: eat a small meal between the main meals. She usually has a snack for lunch and then a larger meal for dinner. stu /gorge onesel : (informal) eat so much that one can't eat anything else. He didn t want any meal because he had stuffed himself with bread and butter. overeat: eat more than is necessary or healthy. If you want to lose weight' you shouldn t o&ereat. pig out: (informal) eat more than is necessary or healthy. When she s depressed she always pigs out on chocolates. make a pig o onesel : (informal) eat too much. She made a pig of herself' she had the whole pi22a for herself! gu##le: (informal) eat or drink a lot, with greed. (ou gu22led my dessert! What a pig! bolt: eat quickly, because one is in a hurry. He bolted down the burger in 3ust a minute! wol down: (informal) eat quickly, because you are hungry or in a hurry. He wolfed down his lunch but was still hungry. gobble (up): eat quickly. (ou shouldn t gobble your food. sco : (informal) eat quickly. William scoffed all the cake before we could get any. polish o : finish a meal quickly or easily. I was so hungry I polished off all the food. nibble: eat small amounts of food, by taking small bites. (ou ha&e to nibble sweet corn.

peck: eat sparingly, without enthusiasm, because you are not interested or not hungry. Sally didn t like the fish. She only pecked at it. chew: masticate, bite food several times before swallowing it. "he meat was so tough that it took a lot of chewing. gnaw: keep biting something hard. I watched my dog gnawing at the large bone. chomp: eat, chew forcefully. 4rancis chomped away at the meat. munch: chew, eat noisily. We all munched at the cookies as we watched the mo&ie. consume: eat or drink. -re you going to consume all the beef? sip: drink something slowly. She was sitting at the table sipping her wine with pleasure. suck (up): drink something with a straw. Sally sucked up all the 3uice from the carton. swig (back): drink quickly, gulp. "he thirsty man swigged back the water. knock back: drink quickly. 4rancis knocked back his beer in a flash! qua : drink a lot of something quickly, knock back. Guests quaffed champagne while waiting for the bride to arri&e. gulp (down): swallow quickly. 4rancis gulped down his beer quicker than anybody else

The Verb (infinitive form) To binge

The Meaning To eat more than is good for you. (Often associated with eating disorders.)

An example Regular ( Simple Past Tense) /Irregular (Rarely used in conversation)


To bite

To tear, cut or grip food with the He bit into the apple. Irregular teeth. (Rarely used in conversation.) Regular Regular Regular

To brea fast To eat brea fast. To chew

To wor food between the !aws He chewed his food and teeth (see also masticate) well. (Rarely used in conversation.)

To consume "ee to eat.

To digest

#hat happens to food after it is (Rarely used in swallowed. ($ot something you conversation.) do consciously.) To eat dinner. %specially related They dined at their to eating out. friend&s house. The complete action of putting "he ate her dinner.


To dine To eat

Regular Irregular

food in the mouth and then biting, chewing and swallowing it. To feast To eat a lot or to en!oy eating something. (Often something out of the ordinary.) To eat or swallow food too 'uic ly and in large amounts. To eat food greedily. To ta e food into the body. They feasted on caviar and salmon. Regular

To gobble To gu((le To ingest To lic To lunch

The little boy gobbled Regular his sandwich. He gu((led his lunch. Regular (Rarely used in conversation.) Regular Regular Regular

To pass the tongue over food in "he lic ed the ice order to taste or consume it. cream. To eat lunch. (Rarely used in conversation.)

To munch

To chew food steadily, He munched the especially with a crunchy noise, apple. such as when eating an apple.


To nibble

To ta e small repeated bites of The rabbit nibbled on Regular food. the carrot. To eat a light meal, or eat between main meals. The act of passing food from the mouth to the stomach. "he snac ed on biscuits and sweets all day. Regular

To snac

To swallow

"he swallowed a fish Regular bone. Regular Regular

To taste

He tasted the soup To ta e a small amount of food before he added in the mouth and test it. more salt. To eat food 'uic ly. (Often followed by down.) He wolfed down his brea fast.

To wolf

WAYS OF BURNING burn: be on fire. Help! My house is burning! catch ire: start burning. Help! My house has caught fire! licker: burn unsteadily. "he candle flickered in the wind. smoulder: burn slowly without flames. "he cigarette smouldered in the ashtray. lare: burn brightly but unsteadily or briefly. "he match flared in the darkness.

lame: burn in flames. "he fire flamed up when he put oil on it. burst into lames: suddenly start to burn very strongly. "he oil truck crashed and burst into flames. bla#e: burn brightly and fiercely. When the firemen arri&ed' the whole house was bla2ing. rage: burn very strongly. "he fire raged through the forest for days. incinerate: burn something completely to ashes. -ll the infected clothes were incinerated. smoke: give out smoke. "he fireplace smokes too much. brand: burn a mark on something. 6attle are usually brandred on big farms. scorch: burn or discolour a surface by dry heat. She scorched my shirt when she was ironing it. sear: burn something with a sudden powerful heat. "he heat seared his skin. singe: burn the surface of something slightly. "he flames had singed his hair. char: burn something so that its outside becomes black. 7oast the peppers until the skin begins to char. cremate: burn the body of a dead person at a funeral ceremony. .efore a dead person is cremated' an authori2ation must be obtained.

WAYS OF COOKING cook: prepare food for eating by using heat. 6ook the sauce for 89 minutes. bake: cook something in an oven. .ake the cake for :9 minutes. boil: cook something in boiling water. .oil the rice for about 89 minutes. braise: cook meat or vegetables in a small amount of liquid in a closed container. .raise the meat for ;< minutes. ry: cook something in hot fat or oil. 4ry the potatoes for 8< minutes. grill/broil: cook something on a metal frame with bars across it, above strong direct heat. Grill the meat for =< minutes. barbecue: cook food on a metal frame over a fire outdoors. "hey always barbecue some meat when they go to the club. roast: cook something in an oven or over a fire, on a spit. 7oast the chicken o&er an open fire. poach: cook something in gently boiling water. $oach the eggs for 9 minutes. saute: cook something in a little amount of hot oil or fat. Saute the &egetables for some minutes. simmer: cook something slowly by boiling it gently. -llow the soup to simmer for half an hour. steam: cook something in steam. Steam the &egetables lightly. stew: cook something slowly in liquid. Stew the meat for one hour.

stir! ry: cook something in hot oil for a short time and keep it moving in the pan. Stir%fry the onions for =< seconds. toast: make bread or other food brown by placing it close to heat. She toasted the cheese sandwiches. microwave: cook something in a microwave oven. Microwa&e the meat for > minutes.

WAYS OF MAKING SOUNDS rustle: make a sound like the one that leaves or sheets of paper make when they move. "he lea&es on the branch rustled in the wind. clink: make a short high sound, like glass or metal ob,ects hitting each other. -s she carried the tray' the glasses clinked. chink: make a high ringing sound, like glass or metal ob,ects hitting each other. -t also refers to the noise of coins. "hey chinked their glasses and drank a toast to the couple. clang: make a loud, long, ringing noise like a metal hitting another metal ob,ect. "he door clanged shut and the ele&ator went up. toll: make a slow ringing sound, like large bells in a church. .ells tolled when the $ope died. chime: make a ringing sound, like small bells or a clock that tells what time it is. "he clock in the li&ing%room chimed fi&e. tinkle: make a light ringing sound, like very small bells or metal ob,ects. - tinkling bell meant that the butler had to go immediately. bang: make a loud noise, when hitting something hard. I banged on the window to get her attention. crunch: make a noise like something being crushed. -s we walked up to the house' lea&es crunched under our feet. crack: make a short sudden loud noise, like a small e!plosion. We could hear the thunder cracking abo&e us. crash: make a sudden loud noise, like something being hit. "he thunder crashed and boomed outside. screech: make a loud, unpleasant, high noise, squeal. .rakes screeched and then we heard a crash. roar: make a continuous loud noise. "he helicopter roared abo&e them. drone: make a continuous low dull sound. -n airplane droned o&erhead. thud: hit something with a loud noise. Wa&es thudded against the side of the ship. clatter: make a loud unpleasant noise, when hard ob,ects are hit. "he tray slipped and clattered to the floor. scrape: make a rough unpleasant noise by rubbing against a hard surface. 6hairs scraped loudly when we stood up. creak: make a long high noise, like a wooden floor when somebody walks on it.

"he stair creaked as she walked up. "he door creaked open. squeak: make a short high noise. "he shoes squeaked on the tiled floor. knock: make a sound when hitting with the knuckles. Someone is knocking at the door. patter: make short quiet sounds by hitting a surface. 7ain pattered against the windows. bu##: make a rough continuous sound, like a bee or a fly. We could hear saws bu22ing in the wood. honk: make a loud noise using a horn. "he dri&ers honked his horn but the demonstrators didn t mo&e. hoot: make a loud noise with the horn on a car. -n the *. the device is called 'a hooter', in the *S it's a horn. "he car behind was hooting at us. twang: make a ringing sound by being pulled and suddenly let go. He twanged the guitar strings. boom: make a loud deep noise, as when a bomb goes off. .ombs boomed all around the campground. bonk: make a sudden short deep sound, like a wooden spoon being hit against a wall or the floor. whine: make a long high sound because you are in pain or unhappy. "he dog was really sad/ it whined all night. whimper: make low crying sounds. She heard the dog whimper all night. hum: make musical sounds with your lips closed. If you don t know the tune' you can 3ust hum the tune. whistle: make a high musical sound by forcing out air through puckered lips. She whistled a tune as she cleaned the kitchen. hiss: make a long &s& sound, like a snake. "he tires hissed on the wet road. "he audience began to hiss and boo. sni : breathe air into your nose nosily. Stop sniffing and blow your nose. snort: make noise by breathing air out through the nose, to show that you are annoyed or amused. $aul snorted with laughter. gasp: breathe in suddenly in a way that can be heard. "he audience gasped in surprise. whoop: shout loudly and happily. "he players ran around the field' whooping happily. chant: recite or sing in a flat way or using only one tone. "hat priest usually chants the liturgy. boo: make a noise to show dissatisfaction. "he audience started booing and he left the stage. moan: make a long low noise to show pain or unhappiness. He moaned and cried in pain. cheer: shout to show happiness, approval or support. "he audience cheered when the team appeared. clap: make a short sharp noise by hitting the hands against each other, to show approval or en,oyment. "he audience began to clap as the actors appeared. plop: make a sound like dropping into water. "he frog plopped into the pond.

si##le: make a sound like bacon being fried in a pan. "he sausages started to si22le in the pan. swish: make a soft sound by moving something quickly through the air. Her ball%gown swished as she walked. blare: make a loud unpleasant noise. We could hear horns blaring outside. rumble: make a series of short low sounds. We could hear thunder rumbling. squelch: make a sucking sound, like walking in mud. Her shoes squelched as she walked in the mud. rattle: make a series of short sounds, like small ob,ects hitting each other. "he bottles rattled as he carried the crates. click: make a short hard sound, to show disapproval or when using the computer mouse. His mother clicked her tongue and shut the door. chirp / chirrup (/%): make short high sound, like small birds make in the morning. We woke up and heard the birds chirp. putter (/%): make a low sound, like a car with a low revolution engine or a motor boat. "he old car puttered by. cluck: make a short low sound, like chickens do. We could hear the chickens clucking around. bleep: make a high electronic sound, like a pager, a mobile phone or a timer. "he timer began to bleep indicating that the eggs were cooked. crackle: make short sounds, like something burning in a fire. "he logs crackled on the fire. gurgl!: make a low sound, like water flowing. He could hear the river gurgling down in the forest.

WAYS OF CRYING cry: produce tears from your eyes, usually because you are unhappy or hurt. $lease stop crying' $aul! burst into tears: suddenly start crying. When her boyfriend told her the truth' she burst into tears and ran out. break down in tears: suddenly cry a lot, after trying not to cry. -fter reading his letter' she broke down in tears. be close to tears/on the verge o tears: be about to cry. When she heard his &oice on the phone' she was close to tears. have tears in one&s eyes: be about to cry. When I said goodbye' I had tears in my eyes. shed tears: cry. I must admit I shed a few tears when the school closed. be in tears: be crying. "he children were all in tears when our dog disappeared. be in loods o tears: (*.) cry a lot. "he children were in floods of tears when our dog disappeared. be moved to tears: be so upset that you start to cry. - lot of people were mo&ed to tears by his story.

weep: cry a lot for a long time. "he kids wept bitterly when it was time to lea&e. cry one&s eyes/heart out: be e!tremely sad and cry a lot. -fter the robbery' she cried her heart out. bawl: (a baby) cry very loudly. We could hear the baby bawling upstairs. sob: cry noisily, with sudden noisy breaths. He began sobbing uncontrollably. your eyes water: you start to cry, especially because there is a lot of smoke or because you have been cutting up onions. "here was so much smoke in that room that my eyes were watering.