## Are you sure?

This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

Characteristic Impedance

C

L

Z

O

=

- Coaxial Cable

dielectric the of ty permittivi relative

conductor inner of diameter d

conductor outer of diameter inside D

=

=

=

r

ε

d

D

Z

r

O

log

138

ε

=

- Air Dielectric Parallel Line

D spacingbetween center of conductors

r conductor radius

=

=

r

D

Z

O

log 276 =

1/4 Wave Shorted Stub

1

4 4

g

g f

C

Zo ZoZl v

f

i

i i · · × ·

Velocity Factor and Propagation Velocity

6

. . . ( / )

. ( . )

. . 300 10 /

. tan

p

f

r

v propagation velocity of line m s

v velocity factor decimal fraction

C speed of light m s

dielectric cons t r

·

·

· · ×

·

1

p

f f p f

r

v

v v v f v C

C

i

r

· · · ·

T

v

p

i

·

Response of Line

( 2( ?)

p

L reflected back

T

v

×

·

Gamma and Voltage Reflection

Coefficient

r

v reflected voltage ·

v incident voltage ·

Gamma voltage reflection coefficient I · ·

1

1

r

i

V Zl Zo SWR

V Zl Zo SWR

I · · ·

+ +

r i t r

V V V V Vi · I · +

vfC

L

v

L

T

p

· ·

Length of Line/Wavelength/Phase Shift

6

300 10 /

wavelength

L length

phase shift

C Speed of Light m s

i

¢

·

·

·

· · ×

( )

( / ) 1. 2.

( )

p

p

v

d m

v m s v

t s T f

i

i · · ·

o

3.

360

f

g

v C

v

L

f f

¢

i i · × · ·

1

360

L v

f d

T t

¢

i

· · ·

deg

360

Length of line in rees

L

u

i

· × °

Im int

tan

tan

L

l

pedance looking o line

Z jZo

Z Zo

Zo jZ

u

u

+

·

+

SWR

max

min

1

1

V

SWR

V

+ I

· ·

I

/

/

SWR ZO ZL if ZO ZL

SWR ZL ZO if ZL ZO

· >

· >

max max i r i r

V V V V V V · + ·

Power Reflection

L

P load power ·

r

P power reflected from load ·

i

P incident power at load ·

( )

2 2

1

r i L i

P P P P · I · I

Attenuation(dB)=L Loss(ratio) ×

( )

Voltage(ratio)=antilog

20

Loss dB

cm=m×100

m=cm÷100

Radio-Wave Propagation

- Electric and Magnetic Fields

COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS II TEST I

/

/

Z Im

V

I

L impedance of medium in ohms

E electric field strength in v m

H magnetic field strength in A m

pedanceinohms

electromotive forceinvolts

current in apmeres

propagationvelocity in medium

c propaga

v

·

·

·

·

·

·

·

·

6

0

300 10 /

/

/

tan

r

r

tion velocity in free space

m s

permeability of medium H m

permittivity of medium F m

relative permittivity in medium

dielectric cons t

permittivity of free space

vacuum permittivity

c V E

Z L

I H

µ

v

· ×

·

e·

e ·

·

e ·

·

· · ·

e

- For a lossless medium

L

µ

·

e

Free Space

7

0

12

0

4 10 /

8.854 10 /

377

o

O

o

H m

F m

L

µ r

µ

· ×

e · ×

· · O

e

0

0 0

0

1 377

r

r

o

r r

L

µ µ

µ

e

e · · ·

e e e e

· × ·

e e e

Power Density

R tan

P power in watts

V voltage in volts

resis ce in ohms

·

·

·

2

2 2

2

/

tan

D

t

D D

D

P power density in W m

P total power in watts

r dis ce from antenna in meters

V E

P P P H L

R L

P EH

·

·

·

· · ·

·

Free Space Propagation

2

2

2

2

2 2 2

4

4 4 4

t

D D

t t t

P E

P P

r L

P PL PL E

E E

L r r r r r r

· ·

H

· · ·

2

2

10

2

377 30

4

log

4

T

t t

T

T

eff

R

R

G

R R

T T eff eff

D

eff T

R eff D

P P

E

r r

G gain of Tx antenna

P total Tx power in watts

A effective areaof antennainm

P power delivered to Rxinwatts

G antenna gainas power ratio

anti

P G

EIRP P G A A

P

A P G

P A P

i

r

· ·

H

·

·

·

·

·

·

· · ·

· ·

2 2

2 2 2 2

4 (4 )(4 ) (16 )

T

R T T R T T

G P G G P G

r r r

i i

r r

· ·

H H

- Electromagnetismuploaded byspidyan
- Fiber Optics Study Materialsuploaded byInstitute of Engineering Studies (IES)
- Electronics Cheap Sheetuploaded bymattjmartin2
- COMMUNICATIONS Formulas and Conceptsuploaded byAllan Paul Lorenzo Abando
- EDC Chapter Wise Formulasuploaded byKisthan Leymar
- objective electronicsuploaded byPrakash Upadhyay
- Microelectronics Cheat Sheetuploaded byNicksizzle
- 5_engineering_probability_and_statistics.pdfuploaded byRasoul Arg
- Communication System Notesuploaded byTaimur Musharraf
- Electronics Engineering Formula Sheetsuploaded byInstitute of Engineering Studies (IES)
- Signals-and-Systems - Basics & Formula Handbookuploaded byKALAIMATHI
- Formula Sheet for Electronic Devices Final Examuploaded bymrdantownsend
- 28246731 Electronics Formulasuploaded byeradccx
- Electronic Devices and Circuits Formula Sheetuploaded bymumsn
- pn diode pdf.pdfuploaded byBennia Lee
- Handbook of Electronics Tables and Formulasuploaded byOskar Ost
- GATE IES Coaching at IES bangaloreuploaded byInstitute of Engineering Studies (IES)
- Maths Formulas for Catuploaded byvickychauhan2
- EC-Networks-Basics-Old GATE Questionsuploaded byInstitute of Engineering Studies (IES)
- Probability and Statisticsuploaded byapi-20012397
- ISRO 2012 Question paper along with Key for ECE (Electronics Department)uploaded byInstitute of Engineering Studies (IES)
- QRG_ECE.pdfuploaded byckvirtualize
- The scalar electric potential and the Coulomb superposition integraluploaded byratansrikanth
- 52639378 Mcq Digital Electronics 1uploaded byKalyanbrata Ghosh
- VHDL FAQuploaded byRavindra Mathanker
- Interview Questions & Study Materials for ECEuploaded byInstitute of Engineering Studies (IES)
- Cheatsheetuploaded byn_mads
- Sattelite Communicationsuploaded byInstitute of Engineering Studies (IES)
- electrical engineering formulasuploaded byajayyadav19

Close Dialog## Are you sure?

This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

Loading