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You are on page 1of 77

TOPIC: PAGE

Fractions

Decimals

Significant Figures

Standard Form

Substitution

Subject To the Formula

Simlif!ing the E"ression

Indices

Simlif!ing

E#uations

$atio

Proortional Parts

Direct Proortion

In%erse Proortion

&ariation

Factorisation

Simle

Grouing

'uadratic

Simle E#uation

Grouing

(rac)ets

Fractions

*ord Problems

Simultaneous E#uations

'uadratic E#uations

+inear and ,on-linear .Simultaneous/

Consumer Arithmetic

Percentage

Profit and +oss

Simle and Comound Interest

(ills and $ates

*ages and Salaries

0ire Purchase and Instalment Pa!ments

Currencies

1ensuration

Perimeter

Area

Surface Area of Solids

&olume

1easurement

Functions .2/

Simle Geometr!

Construction

Coordinate Geometr!

Sets

Statistics

&ectors

Circle Theorem

Trigonometr! .2/

Trigonometr! .3/

1atrices

Seed4 Distance4 Time

Grahs4 Cur%es

Dislacement5Time

Temerature5Time

Distance5Time

'uadratic

Cubic

Others

Earth Geometr!

Ine#ualities

+inear Programming

Comleting the s#uare

Transformation

1atri" Transformation

Se#uence and Patterns

Trigonometrical Grahs

Ans6ers

Formula Sheet

2

Pol!gons

Similar Triangles

FRACTIONS

Find the e"act %alue of each of the follo6ing 6ithout using a calculator7 All 6or)ing must be sho6n7 E"ress !our ans6ers in

the lo6est terms7

27 8une 9:

a7

3

; 3 2

; 3 2

< = =

_ _

, ,

>< mar)s?

b7 *rite !our ans6er to art a as a decimal to

t6o significant figures >3 mar)s?

37 8an 9:

3

2

3

=

2

3

;

2

<

>; mar)s?

=7 8an :@

<

2

2

=

2

=

<

2

2

=

2

=

>; mar)s?

;7 8une :@

=

3

2

A

=

2

B

<

2

=

2

;

>= mar)s?

<7 8an :2

A

=

2

=

2

3

A

=

=

2

3

+

>< mar)s?

B7 8une :2

=

2

2

B

<

2

=

2

3

,

_

>; mar)s?

A7 8une :3

<

;

3 ;

A

<

=

A

3

<

+

>; mar)s?

97 8une :=

A

2

2

=

3

2

A

3

=

,

_

+

>; mar)s?

:7 8an :=

=

3

=

=

3

;

B

;

<

>= mar)s?

2@7 8an :<

3

2

3

2@

=

<

2

>3 mar)s?

227 8une :<

A

3

3

=

3

2

<

=

=

,

_

>= mar)s?

237 $e-sit :<

3 <

3 2

= B

3

=

>= mar)s?

2=7 8an : B

2 3 22

A = 23

_

+

,

>= mar)s?

2;7 8un :B

2 2

3 2

= 3

<

2

B

>3 mar)s?

2<7 8an :A

2 3 3

2 3 3

A = =

_

+

,

>= mar)s?

3

2B7 8an :9

2

=

=

2

=

<

+

>= mar)s?

2A7 8un :9

3 3

2

= A

3

= 3

A

+

>; mar)s?

297 8un ::

2 2

3

A =

B

2

A

>; mar)s?

2:7 8un @@

2 < 2

2 = <

= B :

>; mar)s?

3@7 8an @@

2 2

9 3

= 3

<

3

B

>; mar)s?

327 8an @2

2 =

; =

9 ;

2

2

A

>< mar)s?

337 8un @2

2 3

=

A =

B

3

A

>= mar)s?

3=7 8an @3

3 2 =

2 3

= 9 ;

+ >; mar)s?

3;7 8un @3

2 2

= 3

; =

<

2

B

>= mar)s?

3<7 8an @=

2 <

= 2

3 B

=

2

<

+

>; mar)s?

3B7 8an @;

2 3

3 2

< =

;

A

>= mar)s?

3A7

2 =

= 3

= <

2

3

<

+

>; mar)s?

397

2 2

; 2 =

< :

_

,

>= mar)s?

DECIMALS

27 8un 9@

Csing a calculator4 or other6ise4 e%aluate

27< 379<

;7BB =732

+

37 8un 92

Find the e"act %alue of

@7;=3 @7@3

@7@3;

=7 8un 9;

a7 E%aluate 6ithout a calculator

2@7@3 @72;

@7A <@72

;7 8un 9<

*ithout using a calculator4 calculate the e"act

%alue of

@739.; 37:</

@7A @72;

<7 8un 9A

=

a7 Find the e"act %alue of

A7<

37<< B7=

273<

b7 *rite !our ans6er correct to one

decimal lace

B7 8un 9B

*ithout using a calculator calculate the e"act

%alue of

3B7=3 =979

2=72B 227<B

+

A7 8un 99

Calculate the e"act %alue of

.i/ @7@= 27=

.ii/ B.= D 27;A/

97 8an 9:

Calculate

.i/

( )

2

;

3

27B: 2@

.ii/

@7@:

;@@

:7 8an :@

a7 E%aluate

3

=

27: 2@

@7A

_

,

b7 E"ress !our ans6er in standard form7

2@7 8un :@

a7 E%aluate

@7@3=

@7=<2

b7 Gi%e !our ans6er to 3 significant figure

227 8an :3

E%aluate the follo6ing

.i/

=7< @7@A

37< @7@<

.ii/

; =

=73 2@ 372 2@

.iii/ Gi%e !our ans6ers in standard form

237 8an :=

a7 E%aluate

= 3

37;= 2@ <73B 2@

b7 E"ress !our ans6er in standard form

2=7 8un :=

E%aluate

B

@7@@@; 2@

in standard form7

2;7 8an :;

a7 *rite the number B;7;:9 correct to

i7 the nearest 6hole number

ii7 three significant figures

iii7 t6o decimal laces

b7 determine to three significant figures

i7 the s#uare root of 2=

ii7 the recirocal of 2=

c7 E"ress ( ) ( )

= ;

; 2@ 3 2@

in

standard form7

2<7 8un :;

E%aluate

3 =

=7A 2@ 37; 2@ +

4 gi%ing !our

ans6er in standard form7

2B7 8an :<

a7 *rite

3

@7=B in standard form

b7 E"ress

2

2@

of 2E as a decimal7

2A7 8un :<

Calculate the %alue of @7@<292 F =72; and 6rite

!our ans6er

.i/ Correct to t6o decimal laces

.ii/ Correct to three significant figures

.iii/ In standard form

297 $e-sit :<

*rite the %alue of

2@27B@B;

.i/ e"actl!

.ii/ to 2 decimal lace

.iii/ to t6o significant figures

.i%/ in standard form

2:7 8un :B

Calculate

;

A

;79 2@

3; 2@

standard form7

3@7 8un :B

E%aluate 27@A= 4 gi%ing !our ans6er to three

significant figures7

327 8an :A

Calculate @73A= 2< and gi%e !our ans6er

.i/ E"actl!

;

.ii/ Correct to t6o decimal laces

337 8un :A

a7 Calculate the e"act %alue of

379 27=B

; 37A

+

ans6er

i7 E"actl!

ii7 Correct to t6o decimal laces

iii7 Correct to t6o significant

figures

i%7 In standard form

3=7 8an :9

i7 Calculate the %alue of

( ) ( )

; =

;73 2@ < 2@

ii7 *rite !our ans6er in standard form7

3;7 8un :9

E"ress

@7@;@3

@7A2

.i/ correct to t6o decimal laces

.ii/ correct to t6o significant figures

.iii/ in standard form7

3<7 8an ::

a7 Calculate the e"act %alue of

3

.@7=</ @7@= @79

b7 E"ress @7@=;<

i7 To t6o decimal laces

ii7 In standard form7

3B7 8un ::

E%aluate

A7@32

B7A<2

and e"ress the ans6er correct

to

i7 = decimal laces

ii7 = significant figures

3A7 8an @@

*rite ;AB9 correct to three significant figures

397 8un @@

*rite the follo6ing %alue of @7;39 G 37A<

i7 e"actl!

ii7 to t6o significant figures

iii7 in standard form

3:7 8un @2

*rite @79:@:

i7 in standard form

ii7 correct to t6o significant figures

=@7 8un @3

*rite the %alue of

3

.2273/ .@7=A< =/

i7 E"actl!

ii7 To t6o significant figures

iii7 In standard form

=27 8un @=

Csing a calculator4 or other6ise4 determine the

e"act %alue of

i7

3 3

.27A/ .27=/ +

ii7

;79 B7:

27= @73

+

=37 8un @;

Csing a calculator or other6ise4 determine the

e"act %alue of

i7

3 3

37= ;72 +

ii7

@729

7@@=

@7B

==7 8an @<

Csing a calculator or other6ise4 determine the

e"act %alue of

2=7<

@7==

=;7 G 8an :2

Calculate the e"act %alue of

a7 @7=< G @73

b7

2

@7;

c7 @7@@=B

=<7 G 8an :2

a7 The sun is aro"imatel! 2<@ @@@

@@@)m from the earth7 *rite this

distance in standard form

b7 (ets and Gamma are stars7 (eta is = G

2@

;

)m from the earth and Gamma is B G

2@

22

)m from the earth7

0o6 man! times further from the earth

is (eta than GammaH

<

SUBSTITUTION

27 8une 93

Calculate the %alue of & in the formula

( )

3

3

3

R r

V R r

_

+

,

6here R I 33794 r I A7<@4 I =72; >A mar)s?

37 G 8une :3

Gi%en that x I 34 y I D<4 and z I =4 find the %alue

of

a7

3 x y

b7

3

xz

c7

A 3 x z

y

+

>< mar)s?

=7 G Dec :3

Gi%en that p I 34 q I D=4 and r I D24 find the

%alue of

a7 < 3 p q

b7

pq pr +

c7

3

pr >< mar)s?

;7 8un :;

Gi%en that a I ;4 b I D34 and c I =4 calculate the

%alue of

3

a bc

b c

+

>3 mar)s?

<7 8un :A

Gi%en that m I D=4 n I 34 and p ID24 find the

%alue of

3

. /

=

m p n

p m

+

>; mar)s?

B7 8an @@

If l I D34 n I D=4 and m I ;4 calculate the %alue

of

m nl

n m

+

>3 mar)s?

A7 8an :3

Gi%en that a I ;4 b I D=4 and c I 234 calculate the

%alue of

3

.3 / a b c >3 mar)s?

97 8un :B

Gi%en that l I D34 m I =4 and n I A4 calculate the

%alue of lm.m n/ >3 mar)s?

:7 8an :9

Find the %alue of p4 if = is a root of

3

< 29 @ x px >= mar)s?

2@7 8an @3

If a I ;4 b I D3 and4 c I =4 calculate the %alue of

. / a a b

bc

>3 mar)s?

227 8une @=

Gi%en that a I 34 b I D=4 and c I @4 e%aluate

i7 ; 3 = a b c +

ii7

c

a

>= mar)s?

237 8an @;

If p I <4 q I @4 and r I D=4 e%aluate

i7 ;p qr

ii7

=

3r

>= mar)s?

2=7 8an @<

Gi%en that

3

3

=

p

r

q

B

6hen p I B and q I 23 > 3 mar)s?

2;7 8un @<

Csing the formula

<

23

m

n

calculate the %alue

of 6hen m I 3@ and n I ;9

2<7 8an 9:

Gi%en that

3 3

2;; x y and : x y + 4

determine the %alues of

i7

x y

ii7

3 3

3 x ! xy +

2B7 G 8un :2

Gi%en that

3 3

:B a b

and 4 2B a b + find

the %alue of a b > 3 mar)s?

2A7 G Dec :2

Gi%en that .x J y/ I A and ." D !/ I D= find the

%alue of

3 3

. / x y >3 mar)s?

297 8un :A

Gi%en that

3 3

; ; 3 p q r and that

p q r +

4

sho6 that

2

3

p q

SUB"ECT OF T#E FORMULA

27 8un A:

1a)e the subject of the formula

3

; =p

r

$

+

>; mar)s?

37 8un 9=

1a)e $ the subject of the formula

3

3

R r

A

_

,

>; mar)s?

=7 8un 9;

Gi%en

3

2

4

n

m

n

e"ress n in terms of m

>< mar)s?

;7 8un 9B

If

2 2 3

4

R %

+ e"ress in terms of R and T7

<7 8an 9:

Gi%en that

; = A

x y

+

4 e"ress in terms of x

and y7

B7 8un 9:

Gi%en that

3

=

y

x

y

4 e"ress y in terms of x7

A7 8an :3

Gi%en that C I 3Kr and

3

2

=

V r 4 e"ress & in

terms of C4 K4 and &4 and simlif! !our ans6er7

97 8un :;

Gi%en that

3 ;

2

=

x

y

+

4 e"ress y in terms of x7

:7 $esit :<

a7 1a)e a the subject of the formula

= 3

=

a

b

a

+

+

b7 Calculate the %alue of a 6hen b I 3

2@7 8un :B

1a)e y the subject of the formula

=

ym

b

227 8un :B

If

p q

r

$ $

+ 4 e"ress s in terms of p4 q and r7

237 8un ::

Gi%en that

=

<

m

l 4 E"ress m in terms of t

2=7 8an @3

If a I ;4 b I D34 and c I =

calculate the %alue of

. / a b c

bc

A

2;7 8an @=

Gi%en that = $ r

a7 E"ress in terms of r and $

b7 Calculate the %alue of t 6hen r I 3 and

$ I 2<

2<7 8an @<

The temerature in degrees Celsius is calculated

using the formula

<

. =3/

:

C F

*here F is the temerature in degrees

Fahrenheit4

a7 1a)e F the subject of the formula

b7 The temerature in +ondon is 2<LC7 use

the formula deri%ed in Ma7N abo%e to

con%ert this temerature to degrees

Fahrenheit7

2B7 8un @;

E"ress m as the subject of the formula

<

23

m

Gi%en that

3

3

=

p

r

q

SIM'LIF!IN( E)'RESSIONS

Simlif!ing the follo6ing

27 8un 99

3.< / =.= / x y x y

37 8an @3

3.= 2/ . 3/ x x + +

=7 8an @2

3 =. 2/ y y +

;7 8un @3

= 3. 2/ m m +

<7

=.= 2/ .B =/ x x +

B7 8un @<

E"and and simlif!

.3 </.= ;/ x x +

A7 8an :2

3 3

:

: =

x y

x y

+

97 8an :A

3 = 3

< =

x x + +

:7 8an @2

= 3 =

3 m

+

2@7 8un @;

E"ress as a single fraction

=

3

p p

q

+

227 8an :;

< A 2

3 y y

+

237 G 8un :2

3 3

= 3

a

a

+

2=7 8un @3

= 3

3 y y

2;7 8un @=

3 =

= a a

+

*rite as a single fraction in its simlest form

9

= ;

2 x x

+

+

2B7 8an @@

3 =

2 2 x x

+

2A7 8an :3

E"ress as a single fraction

3

; =

2

2

x

x

297 8an :=

3 B

= =

x

x x

+

2:7 G 8un :3

= 3

= 2 3 2

+

3@7 G Dec :3

3

< =

b

b b

+

327 G 8un :=

2 3

3 ; = p p

+

337 8an :@

; <

3 3

x

x x

+

*ord Problems

3=7 8an :A

In a multile choice test of =@ items4 each

candidate is gi%en a bonus mar) of =@7 a

candidate earns = mar)s for each correct ans6er

and loses 2 mar) for each incorrect or omitted

ans6er7

Assuming that a candidate gets x correct

ans6ers4 sho6 that the total number of mar)s

recei%ed must be di%isible b! ;

3;7 G 8un :2

A tic)et for an adult %isiting an e"hibition is x

cents*

A tic)et for a child costs =@ cents less than the

adultNs tic)et7

i7 *rite do6n in terms of x the cost of a

childNs tic)et7

ii7 1r7 Smith ta)es his three children to the

e"hibition

Find4 as siml! as ossible in terms of x+

the total The total cost in cents of the four

tic)ets7

3<7 8an :=

i7 Alice hat taes and (en has 2@ taes

more than Alice7

E"ress4 in terms of 4 the number of taes

(en has7

ii7 Alice gi%es (en 2; of her taes7 (en no6

has t6ice as man! taes as Alice no6 has

*rite an algebraic e"ression to reresent

the amount each erson no6 has

3B7 8un @<

Adam4 Imran4 and Sha)eel 6ere la!ing a card

game7

Adam scored x oints

Imran scored = oints fe6er than Adam

Sha)eel scored t6ice as man! oints as Imran

Together the! scored =: oints

i7 *rite do6n in terms of x an

e"ression for the number of oints

scored b! Sha)eel7

ii7 *rite an e#uation 6hich ma! be used

to find the %alue of x7

INDICES

27 8un 93

:

a7 Simlif!

=

2

:

3

x x

_

,

b7 Find the %alue of

B

y 6hen

2

2B y

37 8un 9;

Simlif! the e"ression

2 < =

3 3 3

; . /7 a a a

State

!our ans6er using ositi%e indices7

=7 8un 9A

Sol%e the e#uation

;

3 B;

x

;7 8un 99

2 2

= 3

92 3A

<7 8un :@

Sol%e the e#uation

3

2

:

3A

x

B7 8an :=

E%aluate

= 3

< <

A7 8an :=

Simlif!

2

= 3A

9

_

,

97 8un ::

E%aluate

2 2

= 3

3A :

:7 8an @3

3 ;

=

; = c c

c

Calculate the %alue of

3 2

@

= 3

: 9 ;

227 G 8un :2

E%aluate

a7

= 3

29 29

b7

@

9

c7

=

3

3<

237 G Dec :3

E%aluate

a7

=

3

;

b7

3

<

=

_

,

c7

@

3 3

2=7 G Dec :3

E%aluate

a7

3

<

b7

2

3

;:

c7

3 3 3

= = =

B B B

2;7 G 8un :=

E%aluate

a7

; =

2< 2<

b7

@

B

c7

2

3

2B

Proortion

27 8un A:

A sum of mone! 6as to be shared among =

ersons A4 (4 and C in the ratios 3 : = : 94 If C

recei%es O23@ more than (4 find the sum of

2@

mone! shared7

37 8un 9:

A sum of mone! 6as to be di%ided among A4 (4

and C in the ratio 3 : = : <7 The largest share

amounts to O23@@7

Calculate

i7 The total sum of mone! to be shared

ii7 ANs share

iii7 The ercentage of the total amount that (

recei%es

=7 8un :3

A iece of string B; cm long is di%ided in three

ieces in the ratio 2 : 3 : <7 Calculate the length

of the longest iece7

;7 8an ::

A iece of 6ood is di%ided into three ieces in

the ratio = : ; : 37 the length of the longest iece

is A3 cm7 Calculate the length of the iece of

6ood7

<7 8un @3

A metal is made from coer4 Pinc4 and lead in

the ratio 2= : B : 27 The mass of Pinc is :@ )g7

Calculate the mass of the metal7

B7 8un :2

The sum of O3<@@ is di%ided among Peter4

'ueen 4 and $a!mond7 $a!mond recei%ed half4

Peter recei%ed O=237<@4 and 'ueen recei%ed the

remainder7

Calculate

i7 $a!mondNs share

ii7 'ueenNs share

iii7 The ratio in 6hich the O3<@@ 6as di%ided

among the three ersons7

i%7 The ercentage of the total that Peter

recei%ed

A7 8an :<

Share O2<@ among 8ohn4 1ar! 4 and Sarah so

that each of the t6o girls recei%es t6ice as much

as 8ohn7

i7 Calculate the amount of mone! 8ohn

recei%ed7

ii7 E"ress 8ohnNs share as a fraction of the

total amount7

iii7 E"ress 1ar!Ns share as a fraction of the

total amount recei%ed b! 8ohn and Sarah7

97 G 8un :3

+ill!4 1argaret4 and ,anc! 6ere each left

O23@@@ in their uncleNs 6ill7

+ill! decided to send her mone! on clothes4

holida!s4 and decorating her flat4 in the ratio

;:<:A7

0o6 much did she send on decorating her flatH

:7 G Dec :3

in 2:9< Angella and 8ohn decided to start a

business7 Angella in%ested O3;@4@@@ and 8ohn

in%ested O2B@4@@@7

The! agreed that all rofits should be di%ided in

the same ratio as the sums of mone! in%ested7 In

2::@ the total rofit 6as O2<4@@@7

i7 0o6 much 6as 8ohnNs share of the 2::@

rofitH

2@7 G 8un ::

8ason 6ins O;9@ 6ith a lotter! scratch card7 0e

decides to share his mone! bet6een his friend

1ar! and himself in the ratio of <: A7

i7 0o6 much mone! does each recei%eH

ii7 8ason sends 3@E of his share7 *hat

ercentage of the O;9@ does 8ason no6

ha%eH

227 G 8un 3@@@

A coach art! tra%elled to Euroe for a holida!7

The number of da!s the! sent in France4 Sain4

and Ital! 6ere di%ided in the ratio =:;:<7 The!

sent : da!s in France7

i7 0o6 man! da!s 6as the comlete

holida!H

ii7 0o6 man! da!s did the! send in Ital!H

E#uating $atios

237 8un :;

The scale used for a ma is 2:3<@@@@7 The

distance of M from N on the ma is ;7; cm7

Calculate4 in )m4 the actual distance of N from

N*

2=7 8an @@

A scale of 2:2<@@@ is used to dra6 the ma of a

cit!

i7 Calculate the actual distance4 in )m4

bet6een t6o oints in the cit! 6hich lies

9A cm aart on the ma7

ii7 The actual length of the la!ground in the

cit! is 33< m7 Calculate4 in cm4 the length

on the ma7

iii7 Gi%en that the area of the la!ground on

the ma is 279 m

3

4 calculate the 6idth of

the la!ground as sho6n on the ma

22

2;7 G 8un :=

The lan of a garden is dra6n to the scale of

2:3@7

a7 E"ressing !our ans6er in cm4 calculate

the length of the line on the lan 6hich

reresents a ath 2= m long7

b7 E"ressing !our ans6er in s#uare

metres4 calculate the area of a ond

6hich is reresented on the lan b! an

area of 23< cm

3

2<7 8un @=

A scale of 2: 3<@@@ is used to dra6 the ma of an

island7 Calculate the distance4 in )m4 bet6een

t6o oints on the island if the distance bet6een

them on the ma is =B cm

2B7 8un :@

Some !ears ago CSO27@@ 6as e#ui%alent to

8O=7<@7 Calculate the amount in CSO that 6as

e#ui%alent to 8O9;@@7

After de%aluation 8O27@@ 6as 6orth A@E of its

original %alue7 Calculate the ne6 rate of

e"change for CSO27@@ and hence calculate the

amount of 8O that 6ould be e#ui%alent to

CSO3;@@7

2A7 8un :=

The journe! to a to6n along $oute A ta)es = hrs

b! bus O$ 2hr7 3@min7 b! car7 The journe! along

$oute ( ta)es 2hr7 23min b! car7

Calculate the time the bus 6ill ta)e along $oute

(4 assuming that the bus and car tra%el along

$oute ( at the same rate as along $oute A7

&ariations

297 8un :=

Gi%en that y %aries in%ersel! as x

3

and that y I =

6hen x I 34 calculate the %alue of y 6hen x I =7

2:7 $esit :<

If m %aries directl! as %

3

4 and m I 3 6hen % I =4

calculate the %alue of m 6hen % I B7

3@7 8un :9

If S %aries directl! as ( ) 2 r + 4 and S I 9 6hen

r I =4 calculate the %alue of r 6hen S I 3@7

327 8un ::

Gi%en that q %aries directl! as p4 using the %alues

of p and q in the table4 calculate the %alues of a

and b

p 3 9 a

q B72 b 273

337 8an @<

Gi%en that y %aries in%ersel! as x4 use the %alues

of x and y from the follo6ing table to calculate

the %alues of a

x 3 =3

y 9 a

3=7 8un @;

The table belo6 sho6s corresonding %alues for

p and r

p m ; B37<

r @73 3 n

Gi%en that p %aries directl! as r

=

4 calculate the

%alues of m and n

3;7 G 8un :2

The cost of rinting birthda! cards is gi%en b!

the formula

=@@@

y ,

x

+

6here y cents is the cost er card4 x is the

number of cards rinted4 and , is a constant7

a7 Gi%en that y I 22 6hen x I <@@4

calculate the cost er card 6hen =@@

cards are rinted

b7 0o6 man! cards should be rinted if

the cost er card is to be A centsH

1iscellaneous

3<7 8un @;

i7 T6o recies for ma)ing chocolate ca)e are

sho6n in the table belo67

Cus of

1il)

Cus of

Chocolate

$ecie A = 3

$ecie ( 3 2

a7 *hat ercent of the mi"ture used in

$ecie A is chocolateH

23

b7 (! sho6ing suitable calculations4

determine 6hich of the t6o $ecie4 A

or (4 is richer in chocolate7

ii7 If the mi"ture from $ecie A and $ecie (

are combined4 6hat is the ercent of

chocolate in the ne6 mi"tureH

iii7 A %endor ma)es chocolate drin) using

$ecie A4 = cus of mil) and 3 cus of

chocolate can ma)e B bottles of chocolate

drin)7 A cu of mil) cost O@7A@ and a cu of

chocolate cost O272<

a7 *hat is the cost of ma)ing 2<@ bottles

of chocolate drin)H

b7 *hat should be the selling rice of each

bottle of chocolate drin) to ma)e an

o%erall rofit of 3@E7

FACTORISATION

27 8un 9A

Factorise comletel!

3

a ab ac bc +

37 8an :2

Factorise the e"ression

3

B 2= 9 y y +

0ence4 or other6ise4 sol%e the e#uation

3

B 2= 9 @ y y +

=7 8un 9:

Factorise comletel!

3 3

; ; x y x y +

;7 8an 9:

Factorise

= B 3 a a p p +

<7 8un :2

Factorise comletel!

i7

( )

3

2 a b +

ii7 ( )

3 3

3 3 x xy y x y + +

B7 G Dec :2

Factorise comletel!

i7

3

; 9 x x

ii7

3

; 9 32 y y

A7 8un :3

Factorise comletel!

i7

3

2 :x

ii7

3

= A B x x

97 G 8un :2

Factorise

3

B 3 x x +

:7 8un :=

Factorise comletel!

3

; 2B x

2@7 8an :;

Factorise comletel!

3

= 32 x x

i7

3

; 2 a

ii7

3

B 3 x x +

227 8un :;

Factorise comletel!

i7

3 3

:a b

ii7

= 9 ; B x y xy +

237 8un :<

Factorise comletel!

i7

3

: 3<m

ii7

3

3 2< x x

iii7

x y ax ay +

2=7 G 8un ::

Factorise comletel!

= 3 =

23 9 p q p q +

2;7 8an :<

Factorise comletel!

i7

3

B a

ii7

< 3 2@ x xy y +

2<7 $esit :<

Factorise comletel!

2=

i7

3

x xy

ii7

3

2 -

iii7

3 3

< : 3 p pq q

2B7 8an :B

Factorise comletel!

i7

3 3

;. /

ii7

= 3 B m pm p +

2A7 8un :B

Factorise comletel!

i7

3

9 ; & &

ii7

3

; 2 a

297 8an :A

i7 Factorise

3 3

; ; p q

ii7 Gi%en that

3 3

; ; 3 p q r and that

4 p q r +

sho6 that

2

3

p q

2:7 8un :A

Factorise comletel!

i7

3 3

2< 3@ x y xy

ii7

3

= 23b

3@7 8an :9

Factorise comletel!

i7

3

= 3 x x + +

ii7

. =/. 3/ = x x ax a + + +

327 8un :9

Factorise comletel!

i7

3

3 = y y +

ii7

3

92 m

iii7

3

3 2< x x

337 8an ::

Factorise comletel!

3

; : x

3=7 8un ::

Factorise comletel!

i7

3

= y y

ii7

3

: 2 x

iii7

3

9 3 2 a a

3;7 8an @@

Factorise comletel!

i7

=

p p

ii7

B : ; B nx mx ny my +

3<7 8un @@

Factorise comletel!

i7 ="!-"

ii7

( )

3

x y x y +

iii7

3

; : a

3B7 8an @3

Factorise comletel!

= B 3 pq q p + + +

3A7 8un @2

Factorise comletel!

i7

3

;y y +

ii7

3

B 2= < x x +

397 8an @2

Factorise comletel!

i7

3

: a

ii7

B 2< ; 2@ ap a p +

3:7 8an @=

Factorise comletel!

i7

3 3

;x y

ii7 B ; - : - B m n ,m ,n +

iii7

3

3 B a a +

=@7 8un @=

Factorise comletel!

i7

3 3

A 2; mp m p +

ii7

3

3 22 2< y y +

=27 8un @;

Simlif!

i7

3

2

2

x

x

ii7

3 3

; 3 ab a b

ab

+

=37 8an @<

Factorise comletel!

i7

= = 3 3 . m. m +

ii7

3

= 3 9 x x +

iii7

3

= 3A x

2;

==7 8un @<

Factorise comletel!

i7

3 3

<a b ab +

ii7

3

: 2 ,

iii7

3

3 < 3 y y +

SIM'LE E0UATIONS

Sol%e the follo6ing e#uations

27 8an :3

< 2 9 2 x x +

37 G 8un :2

=. 3/ 2< x

=7 G 8un :=

<. B/ 3@ x +

;7 8un @3

<

3. 2/

3

x

<7 8an :;

< =. 2/ =: x x

B7 8un :<

2 3

2

3 =

p p

A7 $esit :<

( ) 9 3 = 9 3; x x

97 8un @2

( ) B 9 = 9 3; x x

:7 G 8un :3

( ) A 3 2 ;.= 3/ @ p p + +

2@7 8an @3

3.= 2/ . 3/ x x + +

227 G 8un :=

2

= <

+

237 8an @2

2B 3

;

x

x +

2=7 8un :2

< ;

< 2<

x x

+

2;7 8un :3

3 2 <

3

3 =

x x +

2<7 8un :B

; < : 3

@

3 =

x x + +

2B7 8an ::

3 = ;

2

3 ;

x x +

2A7 8an @=

3 2

3

3 =

x x +

297 8un :A

= 2 3 3 =

3

= 3 =

x x x +

+

2:7 8un 9:

( ) 3

=

= ;

3 ;

x

x

*ord Problems

3@7 8un :@

The ratio of the rices of t6o different sheets of

glass is 3 : <7 The total bill for 3@ sheets of the

cheaer glass and 2@ sheets of the more

e"ensi%e one is O2@9@7 If 1 reresents the cost

of one sheet of the cheaer glass4 determine

2<

i7 An e"ression in 1 for the cost of O,E

sheet of the more e"ensi%e glass7

ii7 The %alue of 17

iii7 The cost of O,E sheet of the more

e"ensi%e glass7

327 8an :=

Alice has taes and (en has 2@ taes more than

Alice

i7 E"ress4 in terms of 4 the number of taes

(en has7

Alice gi%es (en 2; of her taes7 (en no6 has

T6ice as man! taes as Alice no6 has7

ii7 *rite an algebraic e#uation to reresent

this ne6 information7

iii7 Calculate the %alue of

337 8an :<

A farmer shared ;:B tomatoes among her =

6or)ers4 Paula4 Greta4 and Gertrude7 Greta

$ecei%ed 2B more than Paula7 Gertrude recei%ed

three times as man! as Paula7

Calculate the number of tomatoes Paula

recei%ed7

3=7 8an :B

The 6idth .2/ of a rectangular la6n is = metres

lass than half its length.l/7 The erimeter is ;3

metres

i7 Sho6 that 2 J l I 32

ii7 *rite an e#uation for the 6idth .2/ in

terms of the length .l/7

iii7 Calculate4 in metres4 the 6idth .2/ of the

la6n7

3;7 8an @2

In a bo" there are n red balls and three times as

man! blac) balls7

i7 *rite an e"ression in n to reresent the

total number of balls in the bo"

Eight balls are remo%ed from the bo" 7 there are

3@ balls remaining

ii7 *rite an e#uation to sho6 this

iii7 Csing !our e#uation calculate the number

of blac) balls in the bo" at start7

3<7 8an :A

A iece of roe 22A cm long is cut into t6o

ieces so that one iece is 3A cm longer than the

other7

Calculate the length of the longer iece of roe7

3B7 8un :9

:@ tic)ets 6ere sold for a concert7 ) tic)ets 6ere

sold for O=7@@ each and the rest of tic)ets for

O;7@@ each7

*rite an e"ression in x to reresent the number

of tic)ets sold at

i7 O=7@@ each

ii7 O;7@@ each

iii7 If the total sales on all tic)ets amounted

to O=@@7@@4 ho6 man! of the tic)ets

costing O=7@@ 6as soldH

3A7 G Dec :2

8ohn is x !ears old and his sister 1ar! is

.< 23/ x !ears old Gi%en that 1ar! is t6ice as

old as 8ohn4 6rite in terms of x an e#uation

connecting their ages and find their ages7

397 G 8un ::

The diagram belo6 sho6s a rectangle7

The length of the rectangle is A < x + metres7 The

6idth of the rectangle is =x metres7

i7 If ' stands for the Perimeter of the

rectangle4 6hat e"ression in terms of x

can be used for 'H

ii7 If A stands for the Area of the rectangle4

6hat e"ression in terms of x+ can be

used for AH

It is )no6n that the Perimeter4 '4 is :@ metres7

iii7 Csing this information calculate the

Area4 A 4 in s#uare metres of the

rectangle7

3:7 G 8un @@

(arbara bu!s x CDNs at OB7@@ each7 She a!s for

them using a O<@ note and recei%ed y dollars in

change7

E"ress y in terms of x7

=@7 G 8un :=

Alice runs at a rate of 2A@ metres in 2 minute4

and 6al)s at a rate of :@ metres in 2 minute7

From the instant she lea%es home4 Alice ta)es B

minutes4 b! running and 6al)ing to reach a bus

sto7

Gi%en that she runs for minutes4

i7 Find4 in terms of 4 e"ressions for

a7 the number of minutes she 6al)s

b7 the distance she runs

2B

c7 the distance to the bus sto

ii7 Gi%en also that the distance to the bus

sto is A;@ metres4 find the %alue of 7

=27 8un @3

A man tra%elled a total distance of 9 )m in <;

minutes b! running and 6al)ing7 0e ran x Qm at

2

2@)mh

2

<)mh

7

i7 *rite an e"ression in x for the time4 in

hours4 that

a7 he ran

b7 he 6al)ed

ii7 Form an e#uation in x for the total time in

hours sent tra%eling7

Cse the e#uation formed to:

a7 Calculate the %alue of "

b7 0ence4 calculate the distance the

man 6al)ed

=37 G Dec :<

a7 An aircraft fle6 a distance of =@@@ )m

from (erlin to Cairo at an a%erage

seed of )m5h %

*rite do6n an e"ression for the time4

in hours4 that it too) for the journe!7

b7 The aircraft returned nonsto b! the

same route at an a%erage seed of

3 )m5h %

*rite do6n an e"ression for the time4

in hours4 that it too) for the return

journe!7

c7 Gi%en that the difference in these t6o

times is ; hours4 form an e#uation in %

and sol%e it7

==7 8an @<

The diagram belo64 not dra6n to scale4 sho6s

the %ertical cross section of a shed7

i7 *rite an e"ression in terms of y for the

area of the figure sho6n

ii7 Calculate the %alue of y if the area of

the figure is 39 m

3

=;7 8un @<

Adam4 Imran and Sha)eel 6ere la!ing a card

game7

Adam scored x oints

Imran scored = oints fe6er than Adam

Sha)eel scored t6ice as man! oints as Imran

Together the! scored =: oints

i7 *rite do6n4 in terms of x4 an

e"ression for the number of oints

scored b! Sha)eel7

ii7 *rite an e#uation 6hich ma! be used to

find the %alue of x

SIMULTANEOUS E0UATIONS

2A

27 8un :3

= 3

; = =

x y

x y

+

+

37 8un :3

; ; 3

A 3 2A

x y

x y

+

=7 8an :<

= ; =3

< 3 2@

x y

x y

+

;7 8an @3

3 = 22

; 3 2@

x y

x y

+

+

<7 8un @@

= 3 23

3 2

a b

a b

+

B7 G 8un :2

= 3 2

; 2B

x y

x y

+

A7 G 8un :3

= 3 9

= 3=

x y

x y

+

97 8an @;

3 = 29

< 3=

x y

x y

+

+

:7 8an :2

2

= ;

3

: 3 3

a b

a b

+

2@7 G 8un ::

9 = =<

3 < =

x y

x y

+

227 8un 9B

=

3 2

A

= 2@

x

y

x y

+

237 G 8un @B

< ; B

= ; 2@

x y

x y

+

*ord Problems

2=7 8un 9A

At a hard6are store4 A chairs and : des)s cost

O23@@R 2= chairs and B des)s cost O23@@

a7 Csing c to reresent the cost4 in dollars4 of

one chair and 1 to reresent the cost4 in

dollars4 of one des)4 6rite do6n a air of

simultaneous e#uations to reresent the

information abo%e7

b7 0ence4 determine

i7 The cost of a chair

ii7 The cost of a des)

2;7 8an :@

1ar! aid O32@@ for four arrots and three dogs7

If she had bought one more dog and t6o fe6er

arrots4 she 6ould ha%e aid O3@@ more7

Calculate the cost of

i7 a dog

ii7 a arrot

2<7 8an :=

The cost of four chairs and a small table is OB9;7

the cost of B chairs and a large table is O22:B7 the

cost of the large table is t6ice the cost of the

small table

Gi%en that a is the cost4 in dollars4 of a chair and

b is the cost in dollars of a small table

i7 *rite a air of simultaneous e#uation to

reresent the information gi%en

ii7 Calculate the cost of the large table

2B7 8un ::

A encils and < erasers cost O227B@4 6hereas <

encils and = erasers cost OA7B@7 Calculate the

cost of 9 erasers

2A7 8un @2

A restaurant bill of O=<@ 6as aid using O<7@@

notes and O<@ notes7 The total number of notes

used 6as 2B7

+et x be the number of O< notes7

+et y be the number of O<@ notes7

i7 *rite t6o e#uations in x and y to

reresent the information gi%en7

ii7 0ence4 calculate the number of O< notes

and the number of O<@ noted7

297 8un 92

If < is added to both the numerator and the

denominator of a fraction the result is e#ui%alent

to

=

;

4 If three is subtracted from both the

numerator and the denominator of the original

29

fraction4 the ne6 result is e#ui%alent to

2

;

7 Find

the original fraction

2:7 8an @=

At a school sho4 ens are sold for x dollars each

and rulers a! y dollars each7 1r7 8ames bought ;

ens and < rulers for O3;7 1rs7 Singh bought 3 of

the same ens and A of the same rulers for O327

i7 *rite t6o e#uations in x and y to

reresent the information gi%en abo%e7

ii7 Sol%e the e#uations

iii7 Calculate the total cost for 2 en and 2

ruler7

0UADRATIC E0UATIONS

Instruction.s/: Sol%e the follo6ing e#uations7

27 8un 92

3

=. =/ 39 y y +

37 8an :@

.= 2/. </ ; = x x x + +

=7 8un 9=

.3 =/. A/ ;. A/ x x x +

;7 8un 9:

3

B 2A 2; @ x x +

<7 G 8un :2

3

B @ y y +

B7 8un :3

3

= < B x x +

A7 8un @;

3

= A 3 @ x x +

97 8un :@

3

=. 3/ A. 3/ x x + +

:7 $e-sit :<

Sho6 that the roots of the e#uation

3

= 2 @ x x + are

= 2

<

3 3

t

2@7 8un 9A

Sho6 that

3 3

. 3/ . =/. =/ 3 3 ; A x x x x x + + + +

227 8an :@

Sho6 that

3 3 3

. / . / 3. / x y z x y x y z z + + + + + for all

real %alues of x4 y4 and z7

237 8un :<

If x I 2 is the root of the e#uation

. / ;. 3/7 x c x c + +

calculate to t6o decimal

laces the ossible %alues of the constant c7

2=7 8un @<

Sho6 that

3 = =

. / . / . / a b a b ab a b a b + + + +

2;7 8an @<

(! simlif!ing4 sho6 that

3 3

.3 =/.3 =/ . ;/ = 9 3< x x x x x + +

2<7 8un 9<

Find the %alues of x to t6o significant figures in

the e#uation

3

3 < : x x +

2B7 8un 99

Calculate correct to one decimal lace the %alues

of x for 6hich

3

3 3 9 = B x x x +

2A7 G 8un :;

Sol%e

:

;

3

3

297 8un :=

Sol%e

3 <

=

<

p

p

+

2:

2:7 G Dec :;

3

.3 =/ 3< x +

3@7 G Dec :<

3

3 < y y

327 8un @=

Gi%en that

3

m l m lm

i7 e%aluate <S=

ii7 Sol%e for . gi%en that

; = .

*ord Problems

337 8un A:

If each side of a s#uare is increased b! = cm4 its

area is increased b! ;<cm

3

7 Find the length of a

side of the original s#uare7

3=7 8un 9@

Find the %alues of a and , such that

3

x x , + +

is e#ual to

3

. / x a + for all %alues of x7

3;7 8un 9@

A s#uare has an area of A cm

3

4 and a erimeter of

' cm7

Gi%en that ( )

3

3 2 A x x + + 4 find

a7 ' in terms of x

b7 The numerical %alue of A4 if A is also

e#ual to

.22 3/ x

3<7 8un 93

The area of a rectangle is 3A@ cm

3

7 If the shorter

side 6as reduced b! 3 and the longer side 6as

increased b! ; then the area 6ould increase b!

2B cm

3

7

3B7 8un 9=

A (*IA Tri-star jet tra%els 9@ )m5h faster than

the A;A jet liner7 The Tri-star ta)es 2 hour less

than the A;A jet to tra%el a journe! of B39@)m7

Denoting the seed of the TOT jet liner b!

x )m5h

a7 *rite do6n an e"ression in terms of x

for the time ta)en for

i7 the A;A jet liner

ii7 the Tri-star jet

b7 Form an e#uation to connect these times

and sho6 that it simlifies to

3

9@ <@3;@@ @ x x +

c7 0ence4 find the seed of both aircrafts

to the nearest )m5h7

3A7 8un :;

i7 The 6idth of a rectangular field is 2

meters7 The length is B meters more

than t6ice the 6idth7 *rite in terms of

2 an algebraic e"ression for

- the length of the field

- the area of the field

ii7 The area of the field is =B@ m

3

7

- *rite an algebraic e#uation for

the area of the field7

- Determine the %alue of 2*

397 8un @@

The floor of a room is in the shae of a rectangle7

The room is c metres long7 The 6idth of the

room is 3 meters less than its length7

i7 State in terms of c

a7 the 6idth of the floor

b7 the area of the floor

ii7 If the area of the floor is 2< m

3

4 6rite

do6n an e#uation in c to sho6 this

information7

iii7 Cse the e#uation to determine the 6idth

of the floor7

3:7 8an 9:

The side of a s#uare is x meters7 The length of a

rectangle is < metres more than the side of the

s#uare7 The 6idth of the rectangle is ; metres

more than the side of the s#uare7

i7 *rite4 in terms of x+ e"ressions for the

length and 6idth of the rectangle

The area of the rectangle is ;Am

3

more than the

area of the s#uare7

ii7 Determine the area of the rectangle7

=@7 G Dec :2

A dealer bought " to!s for O3A

a7 *rite an e"ression4 in terms of x4 for

the rice4 in dollars4 he aid for each to!

b7 0e roosed to sell each to! at a rofit

of <@U7 Sho6 that his roosed selling

rice for each to! 6as

<;

O

3

x

x

+

c7 0e found that he 6as onl! able to sell 9

to!s at his rice7 *rite do6n

e"ressions in terms of x for:

i7 the total mone! 4 in dollars4 he

recei%ed for the 9 to!s

ii7 the number of to!s that remained

d7 The dealer sold the remaining to!s for

O3 each7 *rite do6n an e"ression in

3@

terms of x for the total mone!4 in

dollars4 he recei%ed from them7

e7 Gi%en that the dealer recei%ed O=@

altogether4 form an e#uation in x and

sho6 that it reduces to

3

32 2@9 @ x x + +

f7 Sol%e this e#uation to find the ossible

%alues of x

=27 8un @;

In the diagram belo64 not dra6n to scale4 A4LM

and AST" are both rectangles7

Gi%en that AS I =x cm4 A" I 3x cm4 S4 5 = cm

and "M I < cm

i7 Obtain an e"ression in terms of x for

the area of rectangle A4LM7

ii7 Gi%en that the area of rectangle A4LM

is B@ cm

3

4 sho6 that

3

3 A 2< @ x x +

iii7 0ence calculate the %alues of x and state

the lengths of A4 and AM

LINEAR AND NON6LINEAR E0UATIONS

27 8un :2

<

B

x y

xy

+

37 8an :<

3

= 2;

3 =

x y

x xy

+

=7 8un @@

3

2 3

= ;

x y

x y

+

;7 8an @<

3

;

3

x y

x y

+

<7 8un @=

3

= 3 A

3 22

p r

p r

+

B7 8un :<

3 3

: =A

3 =

x y

x y

+

A7 8an ::

3 3

3 ==

=

x y

x y

+

+

97 8un @@

3 3

A

3 <

x xy y

x y

+

32

:7 A Dec B;

3 3

3 = A x xy y x y + + +

2@7 A Dec 99

B

<

3 3

x y

y x

y x

+

227 A 8un :B

3

2

B ;

<

x y

x y

+

+

*ord Problem

237 8un 93

The area of a rectangle is 3A@ cm

3

7 if the shorter

side 6as reduced b! 3 cm and the longer side

increased b! ; cm then the area 6ould be

increased b! 2B cm

3

7 Find the lengths of the sides

of the original rectangle7 >22 mar)s?

2=7 8un :<

T6o rectangular lots are e#ual in area7 The

length of the first lot is one and a half times its

6idth7 The length of the second lot is A metres

less than three times its 6idth7

a7 Denoting the 6idth of the first lot b! x

and the 6idth of second lot b! y4

deri%e a relation bet6een x and y7

b7 If

2 y x +

4 calculate the %alues of x

and y7 >2@ mar)s?

CONSUMER ARIT#METIC

Simle and Comound Interest

27 8une :2

The simle interest on O2<@@@ for ; !ears is

O92@@7 calculate the rate ercent er annum7

37 8un :<

The simle interest on a sum of mone! in%ested

at =E er annum for 3 !ears 6as O=:7A<7

Calculate the sum of mone! in%ested7

=7 8un @;

1r7 1itchell deosited O;@ @@@ in the ban) and

earned simle interest of AE for 3 !ears7

Calculate the amount he 6ill recei%e at the end

of the t6o !ear eriod7

;7 G 8un @3

0enr! oened a ban) account 6ith O<<@7 After

one !ear4 the ban) aid him interest7 0enr! no6

had OB<@ in his account7

a7 *or) out4 as a ercentage4 the ban)Ns

rate of interest7

Gill oened an account at a different ban)7 The

ban)s rate of interest 6as BE7 After one !ear the

ban) aid Gill interest7 The amount in her

account 6as no6 O3=@B

b7 Calculate the amount of mone! Gill

used to oen her account7

<7 8an :9

Anna uts O3<@@ in the ban) and left it for 3

!ears7 At the end of the t6o !ears she found that

she had O3A@@7 Calculate

i7 the simle interest earned

ii7 the annual rate ercent aid b! the ban)

B7 8un ::

Pamela borro6s O3<@@ at 23E er annum simle

interest for 3 !ears7 In addition4 a fee of O3@@ is

charged for rocessing the loan7 Calculate

i7 the sum of mone! 6hich she 6ill ha%e

to rea! the ban) at the end of 3 !ears7

ii7 the rofit ercent the ban) ma)es on the

loan

33

iii7 the monthl! installment4 if she is

re#uired to rea! the loan in 3; e#ual

monthl! installments7

A7 8un @=

A man deosited O9@@ in his account at a ban)

6hich offers BE simle interest er annum7

i7 0o6 much interest 6ould he recei%e on

the O9@@ after : monthsH

ii7 0o6 long 6ould it ta)e for the O9@@ to

increase to O::3H

97 8an :3

1ar! borro6ed O=@@@7 at a rate of 9E er

annum7 Interest is comounded annuall!7

Calculate the total amount o6ed at the end of

t6o !ears7

:7 8un 9<

O<@@@ 6as ut in fi"ed deosit account on

8anuar! 24 2:9; for B months7 The rate er

annum 6as 237<E7 On 8ul! 24 2:9; the total

amount recei%ed 6as in%ested for a further B

months at 23E er annum7 Calculate the final

amount recei%ed at the end of the !ear7

2@7 8un @2

A building societ! offers the rate of 22E er

annum simle interest7 (eth-Ann deosited

O3;@@ in the societ! fir 2< months7

i7 Calculate the amount of mone! due to

her at the end of this eriod7

The building societ! charged her rocessing fee

of O2<@@7

ii7 Calculate this fee as a ercentage of the

mone! originall! deosited7

Percentages

227 8an :<

Calculate 2<E of =3@

237 G 8un @3

i7 Find ;@E of B=@@ m

ii7 Calculate the simle interest earned on

O<@@@ in%ested for = !ears at 9E7

2=7 G 8un @3

A ne6 Pla! Station costs O=<973@ lus &AT7

&AT is charged at 2A7<E

i7 0o6 much &AT is aid for a ne6 Pla!

StationH

During a sale the rice of the Pla! Station is

reduced b! 2<E

ii7 *hat is the sale rice of the Pla!

StationH

2;7 G 8un ::

In a room there are ;@ eole7

3B of these eole are 6omen4 the rest are men7

*hat ercentage of the eole are menH

2<7 8an :A

A customer bu!s a car b! trading in his old car at

a discount and a!ing the remainder on the cost

of the ne6 car in cash7

i7 If he trades in an old car %alued at O3<

B@@ at a 2@E discount4 calculate the

amount of mone! he recei%es for his

car7

ii7 Calculate the amount he needs to a! in

cash for a ne6 car 6hich costs O9< B@@7

2B7 G 8un @<

In a sale the normal rices 6ere reduced b! =@E7

+inda bought a mountain bi)e7

The sale rice of the bi)e 6asO2:@7 *or) out the

normal cost of the bi)e7

2A7 G 8un @;

1r7 Singh bought a ne6 car for O2; @@@7 Each

!ear the carNs %alue dereciates b! 2BE7

*hat 6ill be the %alue of the car at the end of

three !earsH

297 G 8un ::

Three different shos sell the same tele%ision set4

the 7V8$89n :;;;<*

First Sho

2

E

=

off the

normal rice

of O;=@7

Second Sho

3<E off our

usual rice of

O;3@7

Third Sho

O=2< lus

&AT at 2A7<E

i7 *hat is the cost of a 7V8$89n :;;;< set

in the first shoH

ii7 *hat is the cost of the MV8$89n :;;;+ set

in the second shoH

iii7 *hat is the cost of the 7V8$89n :;;;< set

in the third shoH

3=

2:7 G 8un @B

This !ear (ob gets O3B@ a 6ee) for his 6or)7

This is =@E more than his 6ee)l! a! last !ear7

0is friend Dann! sa!s D MThat means that !ou

got O293 er 6ee) last !ear7N

Dann! is 6rong7

a7 E"lain 6h! Dann! is 6rong7

b7 Calculate (obNs real 6ee)l! a! last

!ear7

3@7 8un 99

A 6oman bought a sto%e for O39@@7 After using

it for 3 !ears she decided to trade in the sto%e7

The coman! estimated a dereciation of 2<E

for the first !ear of its use and a further 2<E4 on

its reduced %alue4 for the second !ear7

a7 Calculate the %alue of the sto%e after the

t6o !ears7

b7 E"ress the %alue of the sto%e after t6o

!ears as a ercentage of the original

%alue7

327 G Dec :2

;<E of a ba)erNs total e"enses are for the cost

of fuel and the remainder is for the cost of

material7

a7 In 2:9:4 the ba)erNs total e"enses 6ere

OA@@@7 Calculate the cost of his material

in 2:9:7

b7 In 2::@4 the cost of the fuel increased

b! ;E and the cost of materials

increased b! 2@ E7 Calculate

i7 the increase4 in dollars4 in the

cost of the ba)ers material

ii7 the ercentage increase in his

total e"enses7

337 G 8un @=

8anette reairs tele%ision s7

She charges O<273@ for the first hour and O=97A@

for each e"tra hourNs 6or)7

On Tuesda! last 6ee)4 8anette reaired a

tele%ision and charged a total of O39=7;@

a7 0o6 man! hours on Tuesda! did

8anette send reairing this tele%isionH

If 8anette is aid 6ithin = da!s she reduces her

charges b! BE7 8anette 6as aid the ne"t da! for

reairing the tele%ision7

b7 Calculate ho6 much she 6as aid7

3=7 G 8un ::

Fiona bu!s a comuter7

She gets a secial discount of

2

<

off the rice7

i7 *rite

2

<

as a decimal

ii7 *rite

2

<

as a ercentage

iii7 If the comuter costs O9:94 6or) out

6hat Fiona 6ill a! 6hen she gets the

discount7

3;7 G 8un ::

2 litre I 27A<: ints

2 litre I 2@

=

cm

=

i7 Cse the information abo%e to find ho6

man! litres there are in 2 int7 Gi%e

!our ans6er correct to = significant

figures7

ii7 A tan) of heating oil contains =<@ litres

of oil7 The tan) is A@E full7

*hat is the %olume of the tan) in cm

=

H

Gi%e !our ans6er in standard form7

Profit T +oss

3<7 G 8un 3@@

0ale! bu!s 29 bars of chocolate 6hich cost her

O<7;@7 To raise mone! for charit! she sells them

at ;@ cents each7 She manages the sell them all7

*hat is 0ale!Ns ercentage rofitH

3B7 8an :;

A merchant sold a radio for O<@@7 he made a

rofit of 3@E on the cost rice7 Calculate the

cost rice7

3A7 8un :3

A merchant sold a en for O<7=<4 thereb! ma)ing

a rofit of AE on the cost to him7 Calculate

a7 The cost rice of the en to the

merchant

b7 The selling rice the merchant should

re#uest in order to ma)e a 2<E rofit7

397 8un @@

A coman! sells its rinters to customers in

order to ma)e a rofit of 3<E7 Calculate

a7 the rice a customer a!s for a rinter

6hich the coman! bought forO2A@@7

b7 the rice the coman! aid for a rinter

6hich 6as sold to a customer for O3

<@@7

3:7 G 8un @=

1iguel bought a ne6 motorbi)e for O:@@@7

Each !ear the %alue of the motorbi)e dereciates

b! 2@E7

3;

*hat is the %alue of 1iguelNs motorbi)e = !ears

after he bought itH

=@7 8an :=

A trader bought 2@@@ oranges for O<@@7 Eight!

of them 6ere bad7 She sold the remainder in

ac)ets of four at O=7<@ er ac)et7 Calculate

i7 the total amount she recei%ed for the

oranges sold

ii7 the ercentage rofit on the amount she

aid for the oranges7

=27 8un @<

The table belo6 sho6s AmandaVs shoing bill7

Some numbers 6ere remo%ed and relaced 6ith

letters7

Items 'uantit! Cnit Price

.O/

Total Price

.O/

Stic)ers 2= @7;: <799

T-shirts = 237<@ A

CDNs 3 B ==7:@

Posters C B73@ =27@@

TOTA+ 2@9739

2<E &AT. to the nearest cent/ D

i7 Calculate the %alues of A+ B+ C+ and D*

ii7 Amanda sold B of the 23 stic)ers 6hich

she had bought at A< cents each7

Sho6 using calculations4 6hether

Amanda made a rofit or loss on bu!ing

and selling stic)ers7

0ire Purchase and Installments

=37 G 8un ::

$ashid 6ants to bu! a guitar7

The guitar he 6ants costs O23;@7 0e canNt a!

this in a lum sum4 but he can a! b! monthl!

installments7

0e agrees to a! a deosit of <E of the cost

rice and then 23 monthl! installments of O22@

e%er! month7

*or) out ho6 much $ashid 6ill a! for the

guitar 6hen he a!s b! monthl! installments7

==7 8un :2

The cash rice of a stereo set 6as O29<@7 The

hire urchase rice 6as 3@E more than the cash

rice7

a7 Calculate the hire-urchase rice

b7 Calculate the number of monthl!

installments needed to bu! the stereo on

hire-urchase gi%en that a do6n

a!ment of O<@@ and monthl!

installments of O32< each 6ere

re#uired7

=;7 8un @;

The cash rice of a dining room suite 6ith a

table and B identical chairs is O99@7

a7 If the rice of the table is O3<@6hat is

the rice of each chairH

b7 The dining room suite ma! be bought

on hire-urchase 6ith a deosit of O32B

lus monthl! a!ments of O=< for a

eriod of 3 !ears7 Calculate

i7 The total hire-urchase rice

of the suite

ii7 The e"tra cost of bu!ing on

hire-urchase as a ercentage

of the cash rice7

=<7 8an :B

The cash rice of a used car is O<9@@7 1ar! a!s

a deosit of 3@E on the cost of the car and a

ban) agrees to lend her the remaining amount7

a7 Calculate the amount 1ar! has to

deosit

b7 If the ban) re#uires 1ar! to rea! the

loan in three e#ual installments of

O29<B each4 calculate the total amount

1ar! a!s in installments7

c7 Calculate the total amount that 1ar!

6ould a! for the car7

d7 Calculate the ercent rofit that the

ban) ma)es7

=B7 8an @@

The hire-urchase rice of a refrigerator is

OB<@@7 A deosit of O<@@ is made and the

remainder is aid in e#ual monthl! a!ments of

O3<@7

i7 Calculate the number of monthl!

a!ments that must be made

ii7 If the cash rice is O;@@@4 e"ress as a

ercentage of the cash rice4 the e"tra

cost of bu!ing on hire urchase7

=A7 8an 9:

A ban) gi%es O37A@ in EC currenc! for O2 in CS

currenc!7

Gi%en that 2E ta" is a!able on all foreign

e"change transaction4 calculate the amount4 in

ECO4 6hich a tourist recei%es in e"change for

CSO23@@7@@ after a!ing the ta"7

Currenc! E"change

=97 G 8un @B

Susan 6ent to Canada7 She e"changed 8O=@@4@@@

into CAO7 The e"change rate 6as

8OB<7<@ I CAO2

a7 0o6 man! CAO did she recei%eH

3<

*hen Susan returned she changed CAO A973@

bac) to 8O7 The e"change rate had changed to

8OB97=< I 2CAO

b7 0o6 man! 8O did she recei%e

*hile Susan 6as in Canada the %alue of the

Canadian dollar increased from 8OB<7<@ to

8OB97=<

c7 *or) out the ercentage increase in the

%alue of the Canadian dollar7 .Gi%e !our

ans6er correct to 3 decimal laces/

=:7 8un 9A

In ,o%ember 2:9<4 1r7 $oc) too) TTO9@@ in

Caricom Tra%ellerNs che#ues to a ban) in

Antigua to e"change for EC currenc!7 0alf of his

amount 6as in O2@@ che#ues and the other half

in O<@ che#ues7 0e 6as gi%en the information

sho6n belo6:

TTO27@@ I EC O2723<

2

E

3

ta" is charged on the total foreign

transaction 7

ECO@73< stam dut! is charged for each che#ue7

Calculate4 in EC currenc!4

i7 The ta" 1r7 $oc) had to a!

ii7 The amount 1r7 $oc) recei%ed for

TTO9@@ after a!ing ta" and stam dut!

;@7 8un :=

A tourist e"changed CSO3@@7@@ for 8amaican

currenc! at a rate of CSO27@@ I 8O297927 She has

to a! a go%ernment ta" of 3E of the amount

e"changed7

Calculate in 8amaican currenc!

i7 the ta" aid

ii7 the amount the tourist recei%ed

;27 8un ::

1rs7 *hite bought a comuter on I 8anuar!

2::B4at a cost of (arbados O;3B@7Gi%en that the

%alue of the comuter dereciated b! 3@E each

!ear4 calculate4 in (arbados dollars4 the %alue of

the comuter at the end of 2::A7

1rs7 *hite bought a ne6 comuter for (arbados

OB3;@7 Gi%en that the e"change rate at the time

6as (arbados O27:3 I CS Ol7@@4 calculate4 in CS

dollars4 the amount of mone! she aid for the

ne6 comuter7

;37 8un 9=

A man in 0onduras deosited 0O2@ @@@ in a

fi"ed deosit account for 3 !ears at 23E er

annum simle interest7 At the time he deosited

his mone!4 0OI7@@ I CSOI73@4 and at the end of

the t6o !ears 6hen he 6ithdre6 his deosit4

0OI7@@ I CSOl7@@7 . the CSO did not change in

%alue during the eriod/

i7 Calculate4 in 0O4 the interest he

recei%ed7

ii7 Determine4 in CSO4 the e#ui%alent %alue

of his deosit

iii7 E"ress the amount . in CSO/ he

recei%ed at the end of the t6o !ears as a

ercentage of the initial deosit .CSO/

i%7 If he con%erts the total amount he

recei%ed at the end of the t6o !ears4

6ould he get more CSO no6 than for

his initial deosit t6o !ears earlierH

8ustif! !our ans6er7

;=7 8un :@

Some !ears ago4 CSO27@@ .one Cnited States

dollar/ 6as e#ui%alent to 8O=7<@ .Three dollars

and fift! cents4 8amaican currenc!/7 Calculate the

amount in CS currenc! that 6as e#ui%alent to

8O9;@@7

After de%aluation 8O27@@ 6as 6orth A@E of its

original %alue7 Calculate the ne6 rate of

e"change for CSO27@@ and hence calculate the

amount of 8amaican dollars that 6ould be

e#ui%alent to CSO3;@@

(ills and Ta"es

;;7 8un 93

In August 1s7 8ohnNs telehone 6as calculated

on the follo6ing information:

+ong

Distance calls

to:

Duration of

call in

minutes

Fi"ed

charges for

= minutes

or less

Additional

charge er

minute

Ocean (rea)

Dell

Wenoand

A

3

<

O@7A@

O@7:@

O;7=<

O@73<

O@7=<

O27A2

1onthl! rental for the telehone I O3<7@@

$ebate recei%ed on rental for 3 6ee)s 6hen the

telehone 6as not 6or)ing I O2=73@

Calculate 1s7 8ohnNs Actual telehone bill for

August7

;<7 8an :@

At a certain hotel4 the cost of an o%erseas

telehone call is made u of time charges4 a

go%ernment ta" and a hotel ser%ice charge7 These

are calculated as follo6s7

Time Charges

3B

1inimum = minutes O;7<@

Each additional minute or art there of O27<@

Go%ernment Ta"

<@E of time charges

The hotel ser%ice charge is 2@E of the sum of

the time charges and go%ernment ta"7

Calculate the cost of an o%erseas call to

Dominica lasting 29

2

3

minutes7

;B7 8an @<

Qin has t6o telehones4 one is a cellular and the

other is a landline7 The rates for local calls are

sho6n in the table belo67

$ates

T!e of Telehone

Cellular +and +ine

1onthl! $ental

Fee

O@ O;<

Charge er

minute on calls

made

9< cents 2< cents

i7 In one month calls 6ere made lasting

for a total of 2hour and < minutes7 Sho6

b! calculation that the cost for using the

landline telehone 6as less than the

cost for using the cellular telehone7

ii7 For the month of 1arch4 the landline

telehone 6as used4 and the bill 6as

<;7B@7 Calculate the total time4 in

minutes4 for 6hich the calls lasted

;A7 8un 9;

A household uses B@ cubic metres of 6ater for

the first half of 2:9=7 In 2:9= 6ater rates for

domestic users for a half !ear 6ere as follo6s:

O27@< er m

=

for the first <@m

=

O273< er m

=

for amounts in e"cess of <@m

=

<@E discount on bills aid 6ithin 3 6ee)s of

billing

Calculate the amount the household aid for the

half !ear4 assuming that the bill 6as aid 6ithin

the t6o 6ee)s7

;97 8un :A

The charges for electricit! are gi%en in the table

belo67

ITE1 $ATE

$ental O37@@ er month

Energ! Charge 2<U er )*h

Fuel charge 37@<U er )*h

The meter reading for the )*h used for

December and 8anuar! 6ere

Pre%ious reading Present reading

=@ ,o%ember =2 8anuar!

@<A9= @B<:=

A go%ernment ta" of 2<E of the total charges is

added to the bill7 Calculate

i7 the number of )*h units used

ii7 the total amount to be aid

;:7 8an @2

In a certain countr! electricit! charge is based on

the follo6ing table

Fi"ed Charge Charge er )*h used

O;7@@ 23 cents

i7 Calculate the electricit! charges for a

customer 6ho used 2@@= )*h7

There is a go%ernment ta" of 2<E on the

electricit! charges7

ii7 Calculate the ta" on the customerNs

electricit! charges4 gi%ing !our ans6er

to the nearest cent7

iii7 Calculate the total amount aid b! the

customer7

<@7 8un 9B

The rates for osting arcels are as follo6s

Parcels not e"ceeding <@@ g O@73<

Each additional <@@g or art there of u to a

ma"imum of 3<@@g O@73@

$egistration fee for registering a arcel O37<@

Calculate the cost of osting

i7 An unregistered arcel 6eighing 23<@g

ii7 A registered arcel 6eighing 3 )g7

*ages and Salar!

<27 $esit :<

A salesman earns a basic 6age of O33<7@@ er

6ee)4 together 6ith a commission of ;E on all

sales7 During a fourD6ee) eriod the

salesersonNs sales 6ere O2= <@@7@@7

Calculate the amount the sales erson earns7

<37 G 8un @2

8ames has a 8ob for 6hich the basic rate is O3<

er hour and the o%ertime rate of a! is O=B er

hour7

3A

This 6ee) 8ames earned O2=AA7 0e 6or)ed A

hours o%ertime7

a7 Calculate the amount he earned at the

basic rate7

b7 Calculate the number of hours that he

6or)ed at the basic rate7

c7 8ames noticed that his earnings of

O2=AA sho6ed a decrease of 2@E of his

last 6ee)Ns earnings7

Calculate his earnings last 6ee)7

<=7 8un :9

i7 The basic 6age rate for a technician for

a ;3-hour 6ee) is O=B7;@ er hour7

Calculate the technicianNs 6ee)l! 6age7

ii7 For o%ertime 6or) the technician is

aid one and a half times the basic

hourl! rate7

Calculate the technicianNs total 6age for

<9 hours of 6or)7

iii7 In a ne6 6age agreement the basic rate

of a!ment is O2;:@7@@ for =B hour of

6or)7 Calculate

a7 the technicianNs hourl! rate of

a!

b7 the ercentage increase in the

hourl! rate7

<;7 8an @3

1r7 8ones 6or)s for a total of O2< er hour for a

;@Dhour 6ee)7

i7 If 1r7 8ones 6or)ed onl! ;@ hours

during a articular 6ee)4 6hat 6as his

6age for the 6ee)H

ii7 1r7 8onesN 6age for the ne"t 6ee) 6as

O:B@7 If o%ertime is aid at double time4

ho6 man! hours o%ertime did he 6or)H

<<7 8un :B

The PetersN famil! consists of 1r7 Peters4 his

6ife and t6o children7 1r7 Peters monthl! salar!

is O39@@7

Income ta" allo6ance for a !ear are calculated as

follo6s

0usband

*ife

Each child

O2@@@

OB@@

O3@@

Table sho6ing Ta" $ates for a !ear

Chargeable Income $ate of Ta"

For e%er! dollar of the first O23@@@

For e%er! dollar of the ne"t O9@@@

For e%er! dollar of the ne"t O3@@@@

< cents

2< cents

=< cents

Calculate for 1r7 Peters4

i7 his salar! for the !ear

ii7 his total allo6ances

iii7 his chargeable income

i%7 the amount he has to a! as income ta"

%7 the ercent of his salar! aid as income

ta"7

<B7 8un :;

8anetNs gross salar! is O3;@@ er month7 0er ta"-

free allo6ances are sho6n in the table belo6:

,ational Insurance <E of gross salar!

Personal Allo6ances O=@@@ er !ear

Calculate

i7 0er gross !earl! salar!

ii7 0er total ta" free allo6ances

for the !ear

iii7 0er ta"able !earl! income

A 2@E ta" is charged on the first

O3@@@@ of ta"able income7

A 3@E ta" is charged on the ortion of

ta"able income abo%e O3@@@@7

39

i%7 Calculate the amount of

income ta" 8anet a!s for a

!ear7

1iscellaneous

<A7 8un @=

$A,DXNS &IDEO C+C(

Otion A

1embershi fee for one

!ear: O9@7@@

$ental fee O=7@@ er

%ideo game

Otion (

,o membershi fee

$ental fee: O<7@@ er

%ideo game

a7 Carla rents ;9 %ideo games during one

!ear7 *hat is the total cost if she

chooses:

i7 Otion A

ii7 Otion (

b7 Carla estimates that she 6ill be able to

send O32<7@@ for renting %ideo games

during the ne"t !ear7 0o6 man! %ideo

games 6ill she be able to rent using:

i7 Otion A

ii7 Otion (

MENSURATION

27 8un 93

The figure abo%e reresents a ma of the Island

1e#ui dra6n to scale of 2:2@@ @@@

a7 Estimate in cm

3

the area of the scale

dra6ing7

b7 Calculate the actual area of the island in

s#uare )ilometers gi%ing !our ans6er to

t6o significant figures7

c7 State the area of the island in hectares4

gi%ing !our ans6er to t6o significant

figures7

37 8an :;

The diagram abo%e4 not dra6n to scale4 sho6s a

circle inscribed in a s#uare .ta)e K to be

33

A

/

a7 Gi%en that the radius of the circle is <

cm7 calculate

i7 The circumference of the circle

ii7 The erimeter of the s#uare

b7 Gi%en that the circumference of the

circle is 33 cm4 calculate

i7 The area of the circle

ii7 The area of the s#uare

iii7 The area of the shaded region

3:

=7 8an :B

In the figure abo%e4 the arcs 'S and 0R are

semicircles4 each of radius =7<cm4 '0 5 SR 5

:cm7 Ta)e K to be

33

A

7 Calculate

i7 The erimeter4 in cm4 of the figure

'0RS

ii7 The area in cm

3

of the '0RS

;7 8un :<

In this roblem ta)e K to be

33

A

A iece of 6ire4 formed into a circle4 encloses an

area of 2=9B cm

3

7

i7 Calculate the radius of the circle

ii7 Calculate the length of the 6ire used to

form the circle7

iii7 The 6ire is then bent to form a s#uare7

Calculate4 in cm

3

4 the area of the s#uare7

<7 8an :3

Cse

33

A

to ans6er this #uestion7

The diagram abo%e4 not drawn to scale,

reresents a lot of land in the shae of a

traePium ABCE and a semicircle CDE7

AE I =@m4 BC I =B m4 and EC I 2;m7 AE is a

erendicular to CB7

i7 Calculate4 in s#uare metres4 the total

area of the lot of land7

ii7 Calculate to the nearest metre the

distance around the entire lot of land7

B7 8un 9@

In the diagram abo%e4 not drawn to scale4 the

t6o oints F and ( are the endoints of the base

of a triangular flo6er-bed 'E(4 in 6hich

9 cm 'F '( 7 If A< F(' 4 calculate the

area of the flo6er-bed and the length of F(7

A7 8un 9:

a7 State three roerties 6hich defines a

rhombus 6ith resect to its sides 4

angles and diagonals7

b7 ABCD is a rhombus4 not drawn to

scale4 6ith AO I ;79 cm and BO I =

cm7

Calculate

i7 the length of AB

ii7 the siPe of angle BAD to the

nearest degree7

iii7 The area of ABCD7

97 8un :<

In the traePium DEF( abo%e4 not drawn to

scale, DE I 2@ cm4 D( I 2= cm and () I < cm7

Angle EF) and D)F are right angles7

Calculate

i7 the length of D)

ii7 the area of traePium DEF(7

=@

:7 8un @3

In the diagram abo%e4 not drawn to scale,

ST I < cm4 T= I : cm and ST= I <3L7

Calculate

i7 the length of S=

ii7 the area of

ST= V

2@7 The area of a arallelogram A(CD is B: m

3

: A(

I :73m and AD I 97Am7 Calculate the siPe of

angle (AD7

The Circle

227 8un A:

In a circle4 Centre O4 AB is a chord of length 23

cm7 Gi%en that 9@ BOA 7 Calculate to three

significant figures4 the area of the minor segment

cut off b! AB >ta)e K I =72;?

237 8un 9@

(ecause of the s6am! ground4 the ath from A

to B has to s)irt the arc '0 of a circular ond4

centre O and radius 2;m7 The distances from A

and B to the nearest oint on the ond are both

=B m7 the angle OAB I =@L

Find in metres the total length of the ath AP'(4

gi%ing the ans6er correct to 3 significant figures7

2=7 8un 9=

a chord P' of a circle of radius 2@ cm is =72B cm

from O the centre of the circle7

Calculate:

a7 The siPe of the angle subtended b! the

arc P' at O7

b7 The length in cm of the arc P'

c7 The area in cm

3

4 of the minor sector

OP'7

2;7 8un 9;

In the figure abo%e4 not drawn to scale4 PS is

an arc of a circle of radius < cm and ' is the

centre of the circle 4 $' I 9 cm4 P$ I A cm7

Calculate

a7 The siPe of angle '

b7 The area of the shaded ortion bounded

b! the arc PS and the line segment P$

and $S7 .use KI=72;/

2<7 8un 9B

The figure OA( abo%e4 not drawn to scale,

reresents a flo6er bed in the shae of a sector

of a circle centre O4 radius 2@ m the triangular

region OA( is lanted in roses and the segment

bounded b! the chord A( and the arc A( is

lanted in marigolds7

Gi%en that the angle AO( I =BL4 calculate the

area of the segment assigned to the marigolds7

>Ta)e K I =72;?

=2

2B7 $esit :<

The diagram abo%e4 not drawn to scale4 sho6s a

circle 6ith centre O and t6o radii4 O8 and OQ7

+Q is a tangent to the circle at Q7 O8+ is a sight

lineR angle QO8 I = and O8 I A cm7

i7 Sho6 that Q+ I OQ tan =@Land hence

or other6ise calculate the area 4 in cm

3

4

of triangle QO+

ii7 Calculate the area4 in cm

3

4 of

a7 the minor sector QO8

b7 the triangle QO+

2A7 8an :2

The diagram abo%e4 not drawn to scale4 sho6s a

circle 6ith centre X4 containing an E#uilateral

triangle YXW7 Gi%en that the radius of the circle

is 32 cm4 calculate

i7 the area of the sector XYPW

ii7 the area of the shaded ortion of the

circle

297 8un :3

In this #uestion4 ta)e K I =72;

In the figure abo%e4 not drawn to scale4 chord

AQ subtends angle 0OQ at O4 the centre of the

circle7 Angle 0OQ I 23@L and O0 I 23 cm7

Calculate to three significant figures

a7 the area of the circle

b7 the area of the minor sector O0Q

c7 the area of the triangle 0OQ

d7 the length of the minor arc 0Q7

2:7 8un :B

The diagram abo%e4 not drawn to scale4 sho6s a

circle of radius 2@ cm4 O is the centre of the

circle7 84 Q4 and + are oints on the

circumference of the circle7 Angle 8OQ I 2<@L7

Ta)e K I =72;7

i7 Calculate the length4 in cm4 of the minor

arc 8Q7

ii7 Sho6 that the area of the minor sector

O8Q is

3

23<

cm

=

7

iii7 If the area of the triangle +OQ is

;=7=cm

3

4 calculate4 in degrees4 the siPe

of angle +OQ7

3@7 8an :9

>Ta)e K I =72;?

The diagram abo%e4 not drawn to scale,

reresents a sector4 ODF4 of a circle centre O4

radius 9 cm4 and angle DOF I B@L7 Calculate4 in

cm

3

4 the area of

i7 The sector ODF

ii7 The triangle ODF

iii7 The shaded segment

=3

327 8un @2

The diagram abo%e4 not drawn to scale4 sho6s a

circle centre O4 radius 2< cm7 the length of the

minor arc is : cm and +, is a tangent to the

circle7 O1, is a straight line7

i7 Calculate4 in radians the siPe of angle

1O+7

ii7 Calculate the area of the minor sector

O1+

iii7 Calculate the area of the shaded region7

337 8an @3

>Ta)e K I =72;?

In the diagram abo%e4 not drawn to scale4

1P,O is the sector of a circle4 6ith centre O

and radius 2; cm7 Angle 1O, is A3L7

Calculate4 to 2 decimal lace the area of

i7 Triangle O1,

ii7 The shaded region bounded b! the

chord 1, and the arc 1P,7

Volume and Surface Area

3=7 8un 9@

a7 An orange is : cm in diameter7 If

3

:

of its

juice is A3ml4 ho6 much juice can !ou get

from A such orangesH

>&olume of a shere of radius

=

;

=

r r 7

Assume that the orange is a shere?

b7 T6o thirds of the juice is oured into a

c!lindrical container 2; cm high and

diameter A cm7 0o6 man! ice-cubes4 each

of sides = cm can be added before the

juice begins to o%erflo6H

3;7 8un 9;

A rectangular 6ooden beam of length < metres

has a cross section of 3@ cm b! 2< cm7 the 6ood

has a densit! of B@@ )g er m

=

7

a7 Calculate the %olume of the beam in

cubic metres

b7 E"ress the ans6er for MaN in standard

form7

c7 Calculate the mass of the beam in )g7

3<7 8un 9<

A c!lindrical object of height 32 cm has an outer

diameter of 39 cm and an inner diameter of 3;

cm7 The material of 6hich it is made has a

densit! of Bg er cm

=

7 Calculate4 to the nearest

)g4 the mass of the object

3B7 8un 99

A rectangular steel !ramid of height B cm and

base dimensions 22 cm b! 2B cm4 is melted

do6n and rolled into a c!linder of height A cm7

Calculate

i7 the radius of the c!linder in cm7

ii7 the mass of the c!linder in )g4 if the

densit! of the steel is <g er cm

=

7

.,ote: &olume of a !ramid I

2

4

=

A&

3

&olume of c!linder I r & 4 ta)e K I

33

A

/

3A7 8an 9:

The figure abo%e4 not drawn to scale, reresents

a fish tan) in the shae of a cuboid of height =@

cm7

i7 Calculate the %olume of the tan)

ii7 If there are ;@ litres of 6ater in the tan)4

calculate the height of the 6ater in the

tan)7

397 The total surface area of a triangular rism is

< =

2:9 2@ cm

4 6hat is its total surface area in m

=

==

3:7 8un 9B

The diagram abo%e4 not drawn to scale, sho6s a

right triangular rism 6ith A( I 2< cm4 AD I

AE I 2@ cm and ED I 23 c7 Calculate the

%olume of the rism7

=@7 8un :2

The figure A(CDEF abo%e4 not drawn to scale,

reresents a 6edge 6ith measurements as

sho6n7 (C is erendicular to the lane FEDC7

Calculate

i7 the length in cm of (D

ii7 the surface area4 in cm

3

4 of the 6edge

iii7 the %olume in cm

=

4 of the 6edge

i%7 the siPe of angle (DC7

=27 8an :2

To ans6er this #uestion use K I

33

A

and

3

V r

4 6here V 5 %olume4 r I radius and & 5

height of the c!linder*

a7 The internal dimensions of a sauce an

shaed li)e a c!linder height 3@ cm and

diameter =< cm7 Calculate to the nearest

6hole number4

i7 the area4 in cm

3

4 of the bottom of

the saucean

ii7 the largest %olume of li#uid4 in

cm

=

4 6hich the saucean can

hold7

b7 The saucean is filled 6ith 6ater 6hich

is then oured into a emt! c!lindrical

ot of radius 32 cm7 Calculate4 to the

nearest cm4 the height of the 6ater le%el

abo%e the bottom of the ot7

=37 $esit :<

A closed c!linder has a base of diameter 2; cm

and a %ertical height of 3@ cm7 Ta)e

33

A

7

Calculate

i7 the area4 in cm

3

4 of the base

ii7 the %olume4 in cm

=

4 of the c!linder

iii7 Sho6 that the total surface area is

2299cm

3

7

==7 8un :B

The diagram abo%e4 not drawn to scale,

reresents a right oen ended aer cone7 The

slant height &Y is 2;cm4 the base diameter YX is

32 cm and &O is the height of the cone7

>ta)e

33

A

?

i7 Calculate4 in cm 4 the circumference of

the base of the cone7

ii7 Sho6 that the height of the cone is

aro"imatel! :7= cm7

iii7 Calculate the %olume in cm

=

of the

cone7

=;7 8an :A

a7 A rectangular tan) is 9 m high and its

base is ; m long and = m 6ide7 The tan)

is filled 6ith 6ater7

CalculateR

i7 the area4 in cm

3

4 of the base of the

tan) and 6rite !our ans6er in

standard form7

ii7 the caacit!4 in litres4 of the tan)7

Cse 2@@cm

=

I 2 litre7

b7 All the 6ater from the rectangular tan)

is umed into a c!lindrical tan) to a

height of 9 m7 Calculate to4 = significant

figures4 the radius of the base of the

c!lindrical tan)7

=;

=<7 8an ::

>Ta)e

33

A

?

i7 A c!lindrical metal drum of height 23<

cm4 has a caacit! of B:= litres7

Calculate the diameter of the drum7

ii7 Oil is oured into the drum for 2 hour

2A minutes at a rate of litres er

minute until it just begin to o%erflo67

Calculate the %alue of 7

>2@@ cm

=

I 2 litre?

=B7 8un ::

A circular drain ie4 sho6n in the diagram

abo%e4 not drawn to scale4 is 2 metre long4 6ith

outer and inner radii of 3@ cm and 2< cm

resecti%el!7

i7 Dra6 a cross-sectional %ie6 of the

drainie4 sho6ing the measurement of

the inner and outer radii7

CalculateR

ii7 the area4 in cm

3

4 of the cross section of

the drain ie7

iii7 the amount4 in cm

=

4 of the material

re#uired to construct the drain ie7

i%7 The caacit!4 in litres of the hallo6

sace of the drain ie7

%7 The %olume4 in litres 4 of 6ater assing

through the ie in 2 minute if the 6ater

flo6s through the ie at a seed of 2

metre er second

>Ta)e =72; ?

=A7 8un @2

>Ta)e =72;3 ?

>cur%ed surface area of a c!linder I 3 r& ?

The diagram abo%e4 not drawn to scale,

reresents an oen metal container7 The cross-

section of the container is a semi-circle of

diameter 27<m the length of the container is

=7<m7

a7 *rite do6n the radius of the cross

section of the container7

b7 Calculate in m

3

4 to t6o decimal laces

i7 The area of the cross-section of the

container

ii7 The outer cur%ed surface area of

the container

iii7 The total outer area of the container

c7 Calculate the caacit!4 in m

=

4 of the

container

d7 *ater is oured into the container at a

rate of =@ litres er minute7 Calculate

the length of time in minutes it 6ould

ta)e to just fill the container7

>Note: 1m

3

=1000l?

=97 8an @3

The diagram abo%e4 not drawn to scale4 sho6s a

6ater tan) in the shae of a right rism7 A( I 3<

cm4 AD I ;@ cm and the length of the tan) is 273

m7

CalculateR

i7 the %olume4 in cm

=

4 of the tan)

ii7 the deth of 6ater in the tan) 6hen it

contains ;< litres of 6ater7

=<

=:7 8an @=

The diagram abo%e4 not drawn to scale, sho6s a

6ooden rism of length 3< cm7 the cross section

A(CD is a traePium 6ith A( arallel to DC4

:@ BAD 4 A( I 23 cm4 (C I < cm4

9 cm CD and AD I = cm7

Calculate

i7 The area4 in cm

3

4 of the cross-section4

A(CD

ii7 The %olume4 in cm

=

4 of the rism

iii7 The total surface area 4 in cm

3

4 of the

rism7

;@7 8an @=

a7 The triangular rism4 sho6n the

diagram belo64 not drawn to scale4 is

29 cm long7 Triangle G0I has a height

of = cm4 0I I 9 cm and G0 I GI7

i7 The area of triangle G0I

ii7 The %olume of the triangular

rism

iii7 The length of GI

i%7 The total surface area of the

rism7

b7 The triangular rism is melted do6n

and made into a cube7 Calculate the

length of an edge of the cube7

Mied Sha!es and Cross sections

;27 8un :@

>Ta)e K I

33

A

?

The diagram abo%e4 not drawn to scale,

reresents a lot of land ADCBE in the shae of

a s#uare of sides 32 m 6ith a semicircle at one

end7

i7 Calculate4 in metres the erimeter of the

lot7

ii7 WXYZ is a rectangular flo6er bed of

length 2< m and 6idth 23 m7 Calculate

in m

3

the area of the shaded section7

iii7 The soil in the flo6er bed is relaced to

a deth of =@ cm7 calculate in cubic

centimetres4 the %olume of the soil

relaced4 6riting !our ans6er in

standard form7

;37 8un :A

A rectangular bloc) of 6ood is B cm high7 The

cross-section of the bloc) is a s#uare of side 2B

cm7 A C!lindrical container is car%ed out of the

bloc)7 The c!linder is < cm dee and the

diameter of the cross section is 2; cm7 the figure

abo%e4 not drawn to scale, sho6s the to

surface of the container7

CalculateR

a7 the %olume of the rectangular bloc) of

6ood

b7 the area of face of the c!linder

c7 The %olume of the 6ood in the

container7

=B

>use

33

A

?

;=7 8un @3

The diagram abo%e4 not drawn to scale, sho6s

ABCDE, a %ertical cross-section of a container

6ith ED being the to edge7 DC and EF are

%ertical edges7 BC and AF are arcs of a circle of

radius A cm4 and ABZZED7

ED I =@cmR AB I 2B cmR EF I DC I : cm

i7 Ta)ing

33

A

4 sho6 that the area of

ABCDEF is ;<: cm

3

7

ii7 *ater is oured into the container until

the 6ater le%el is ; cm from the to7 If

the container is ;@ cm long and has a

uniformed cross-section4 calculate to the

nearest the %olume of 6ater in the

container7

Nets "lans and #le$ations

;;7 8un 93

i7 ABCDEFG is a s)etch of the net of a

!ramid on a s#uare base BDFH of side

= cm 6ith slant edges of length < cm7

a7 Dra6 an accurate full siPe

diagram of the net7

b7 1easure and 6rite do6n the

length of EA7

ii7 The net is assembled as a !ramid 6ith

ae" V and base BDFH7

a7 S)etch the cross section VDH of

the !ramid indicating clearl! on

!our s)etch the lengths of VD

and DH7

b7 (! calculation4 determine VX the

height of the !ramid7

>X is the centre of the base?

;<7 8an :@

ABCDEFG is the s)etch of the net of a right

!ramid

;B7 8un :=

,otes for this #uestion

Ta)e

33

A

&olume of a cone I

3

2

=

r &

The diagram abo%e, not drawn to scale, sho6s

a major sector4 AO(4 of a circle of radius B cm7 it

reresents the net of a cone7

a7 Sho6 b! calculation that the radius of

the base of the cone is 33 cm7

b7 Calculate:

i7 The radius of the base of the

cone

ii7 The height of the cone gi%ing

!our ans6er correct to one

decimal lace

c7 Calculate to t6o significant figures the

%olume4 in litres4 the cone holds 6hen

filled

;A7 8un :;

VMNPQ is a !ramid on a s#uare base MNPQ

of side ;@ cm7

i7 Dra6 a diagram to reresent the

!ramid7 Clearl! label the %ertices7

ii7 Dra6 a lan of the !ramid4 %ie6ed

from abo%e7 State the scale used7

=A

iii7 The height of the !ramid is 3@ cm7

Sho6 that the length of the sloing

edge4 VM+ is 3@ = cm7

;97 8an :=

The figure abo%e4 not drawn to scale4 reresents

a solid in the shae of a right c!linder joined to

the frustum of a cone7

Dra6

i7 the lan of the solid

ii7 the ele%ation of the solid

;:7 8an :=

The diagram abo%e not dra6n to scale4 sho6s the

net of a bo" in 6hich the sides are < cm high7

The shaded area is the base of the bo"7

Calculate to three significant figures

i7 the area of the material used to ma)e

the bo"

ii7 the %olume of the bo"

<@7 8un :B

The diagram &YX abo%e4 not drawn to scale,

reresents a right oen-ended aer cone7 The

slant height &Y is 2; cm4 the base diameter YX

is 32 cm4 and &O is the height of the cone

33

>Ta)e I ?

A

The cone is cut along a straight line dra6n from

X to &7 the aer is flattened out to form a lane

figure7

i7 Dra6 a diagram of the lane figure4

sho6ing the osition of &7

ii7 *rite the length of each side on !our

diagram7

iii7 Calculate the siPe4 in degrees4 of the

angle at &

<27 8un :A

The figure abo%e4 not drawn to scale, is a

s)etch of s s!mmetrical jar7 The jar is in the

shae of 3 c!linders joined b! a frustum of a

cone7 The diameter of the bottom c!linder is 9

cm and of the to c!linder is 3 cm7 The height of

each c!linder is 3 cm7 The total height of the jar

is 9 cm

Construct full siPe dra6ings of

i7 the lan

ii7 an ele%ation

=9

<37 8an ::

<=7 The diagram abo%e reresents the net of a solid7

a7 Dra6 a s)etch of the solid reresented7

b7 *rite do6n the number of edges for the

solid

c7 State the name of the solid7

<;7 8un :9

For this #uestion use

33

A

The rectangle4 TC&*4 reresents a sheet of

metal4 6hose length C& is 2@@ cm and its

breadth4 *&4 is 99 cm7 the sheet of metal is

formed in an oen c!linder4 b! bringing T onto C

and & onto *7

a7 S)etch a diagram of the c!linder and

clearl! mar) in 2@@ cm as a dimension

of the c!linder

b7 Calculate the radius4 in cm4 of the base

of the c!linder7

c7 If the c!linder is closed at one end4

calculate4 in cm

=

4 the caacit! of the

c!linder7

d7 If <@ litres of li#uid is oured into the

c!linder4 calculate4 in cm4 the deth of

the li#uid in the c!linder7

<<7 The distance around a circular la)e is 2;32

metres7 *hat is the area of the la)eH

>Ta)e

33

?

A

<B7 8un :9

The diagram abo%e reresents a right circular

cone 6ith a base radius of : cm and a slant

height of 2< cm7 The cone is cut along OC4 and

unrolled to form a sector OCCV4 from a circle of

centre O7

>Ta)e K to be =72;?

Calculate

i7 the length in cm of the arc CCV

ii7 the siPe of the angle COCV subtended b!

the arc CCV

iii7 the area4 in cm

3

4 of the cur%ed surface of

the cone7

<A7 8an @2

The figure abo%e4 not drawn to scale, sho6s the

cross-section A(CD of a s6imming ool4 23 m

long7 A( is the horiPontal to edge4 AD sho6s

the deth at the shallo6 end and (C the deth at

the dee end7

a7 Calculate gi%ing the ans6er correct to

2decimal lace4

i7 a4 the angle that DC ma)es

6ith the horiPontal

ii7 the length of the sloing edge

b7 Gi%en that the ool is < m 6ide4

calculate the total surface of the inner

6alls and the bottom of the ool

=:

<97 G 8un :=

A(C and D lie in a circle4 centre O4 of radius 2;

cm7

AO is a diameter of a circle through A4 P4 O4 and

'

a7 *rite do6n the radius of the circle

APO'

b7 Ta)e

33

to be

A

4 calculate

i7 the area of the shaded region

ii7 the total length of the boundar!

of the shaded region

<:7 8un :2

In this #uestion ta)e K to be =72;37

Diagram 2 sho6s a c!lindrical tan) of diameter

B@ cm and length 9@ cm7 the tan) is artiall!

filled 6ith 6ater and laced 6ith its cur%ed

surface on a horiPontal floor7

Diagram 3 sho6s a circular end of the c!linder4

O is the centre of the circle and D is %erticall!

belo6 O7 The chord A( reresents the le%el of

the 6ater surface and 23@ AOB

Calculate

a7 the length of the arc AD(

b7 the area of the triangle OA(

c7 the area of the segment AD( .the

shaded art in diagram 3/

d7 the area of the inside surface of the tan)

6hich is in contact 6ith the 6ater

B@7 Dec :2

A closed storage container consists of a cuboid

A(DEP'ST4 to 6hich a #uadrant of a c!linder4

(CD'$S4 is attached as sho6n in the diagram7

AE I 3@ cm4 ED I =@ cm4 DC I 3@ cm4 and C$

I A@ cm7 Ta)ing K to be =72;34 and gi%ing each

ans6er to = significant figures4 calculate

a7 the area of the face A(CDE

b7 the %olume of the container

B27 Dec :3

The diagram sho6s the cross section of a

s6imming ool7 The ool is 3< m long4 2 m dee

at one end and 3 m dee at the other end7 The

bottom sloes uniforml! from one end to the

other7

*ater enters the ool at a constant rate and from

emt!4 the time ta)en to fill the ool comletel!

is = hours7

a7 Find the area of the cross-section of the

ool

b7 Find the time ta)en to fill the ool to the

deth of 2 metre at the dee end

c7 Find the deth of the 6ater at the dee

end after 3 hours

;@

B37 8an @;

The diagram belo64 not drawn to scale, sho6s a

bloc) of 6ood in the shae of a semi-circular

rism7 The cross section of the rism has a

diameter of =@ cm7 The length of the rism is 273

metres7

>Cse K I =72;?

Calculate4 gi%ing !our ans6er to = significant

figures

i7 the area in cm

3

4 of the cross section

ii7 the %olume4 in cm

=

4 of the rism7

B=7 8un @;

>Cse

33

A

in this #uestion?

A iece of 6ire is bent in the form of a circle and

it encloses an area of 2<; cm

3

7

a7 Calculate

i7 the radius of the circle

ii7 the circumference of the circle

The same iece of 6ire is then bent in the form

of a s#uare

b7 Calculate the area enclosed b! the

s#uare7

B;7 8an @;

In the diagram belo64 not drawn to scale, O is

the centre of the circle7 Angle AO( I 9@L and

A( I 23 cm7

Calculate4 gi%ing !our ans6er to t6o decimal

laces

i7 the radius of the circle

ii7 the area of the minor sector AO(

iii7 the area of the shaded region

FUNCTIONS

27 8un 9=

Gi%en that

2

. /

3 <

x

/ x

x

+

4

3 <

. /

2

x

. x

x

+

4

< 2

. /

3 2

x

& x

x

+

ii7 Sho6 that &/.=/ I =

iii7 *rite do6n the e"ression for /

[2

37 8un 9A

The function

2

. /

2

x

. x

x

+

i7 Calculate

2

. /

3

.

ii7 Gi%en that

3

. / > . /? . x . . x

and

= 3

. / > . /? . x . . x and so on4 sho6 that

3

. / . x x and hence deduce the %alue

of

32

2

. /

3

.

=7 8un 99

Gi%en that

3 =

:

2

x

/ x

x

+

4

: 3 . x +

i7 E%aluate

. 3/ /

and

. 3/ ./

ii7 determine ( )

2

/ x

a7 . / @ / x

b7

. / / x

is unidentified7

;7 8an 9:

Gi%en that

: = 3 / x x

4

: 3 < . x x +

4

3 =

:

2

x

& x

x

+

a7 E%aluate

i7

. B/ .

ii7 .=/ /.

b7 If

. / / x

I 94 calculate the %alue of x7

c7 Obtain an e"ression4 in terms of x4 for

2

. / & x

;2

<7 8un 9:

Gi%en that

. / < / x x

and

. / 3 . x x

4

i7 calculate

.3/ /

and

.3/ ./

ii7 determine x 6hen

. / @ /. x

iii7 ro%e that

2

. / 3= < ./

B7 8an :@

Gi%en that

3

2;

:

<

x

/ x

x

and @ x

i7 calculate

. ;/ /

ii7 obtain an e"ression for

. / /. x

if

: 2 . x x

A7 8an :2

a7 Gi%en

: = A / x x +

and

;

: :

<

x

. x 4 calculate

.2@/ /.

b7 Gi%en that

= 2

: for

<

x

& x x

x

+

4

i7 State the %alue of x for 6hich

a7 . / @ & x

b7

. / & x

is unidentified7

ii7 determine

2

. / & x

= 2

3

3

x

x

+

97 8an :3

The functions /4 . and & are defined as follo6s

3

3

: =

:

: B :

/ x x

. x x

& x x x

+

a7 Gi%en that

3

. / > . /? / x / / x and

= 3

. / > . /? / x / / x and so on4

i7 Deduce an algebraic e"ression

in terms of x4 for

;

. / / x and

hence4 calculate

;

.=/ / 7

ii7 Sho6 that

. / . / ./ x & x

b

7

i7 Determine the range %alues of

. / & x such that . / 2 & x >

ii7 Sho6 that if

. / 3< & x <

4 then

3 9 x < <

c7 0ence or other6ise4 for

x

4

determine the range of %alues of x for

6hich

2 . / 3< & x < <

and reresent !our

ans6er on a number line7

:7 8un :2

The functions / and . are defined b!:

=

: <

:

/ x x

. x x

+

8*

. / /. x

ii7

2

. / . x

2@7 8an :=

Determine the in%erse of the functions

i7 : 3 < / x x +

ii7

;

:

=

x

. x

x

227 8an :=

The functions / and . are defines b!:

=

: / x x

: . x px q +

a7 Determine the %alue of x if /.x/ I DB;

b7 Gi%en

.@/ < .

4 and

.3/ 9 /.

4

calculate the %alues of p and q7

c7 Gi%en that

9 . / 3A /. x < <

4 determine

the domain of x:

i7 If x is a real number

ii7 If x is an integer

237 8un :=

a comosite function Q is defines as

3

. / .3 2/ , x x

i7 E"ress

. / , x

as

. / ./ x

4 6here /.x/ and

..x/ are t6o simler functions

ii7 Sho6 that

2 2 2

. / . / , x / . x

The functions / and . are defined as follo6s

3

. / 3 <4 / x x x

. / = 34 . x x x

a7 E%aluate

i7 /.D=/

ii7 ./.D=/

b7 *rite an e"ression for

2

. / . x

2

. / ; . x

. / ./ x

;3

2;7 8un :<

Gi%en that

2

. / 4 and . / - 3

3

/ x x . x x calculate

i7

. 3/ .

ii7

.;/ /.

iii7

2

.;/ /

2<7 $esit :<

Gi%en that

. / ; < / x x

and

3

. / 2 . x x + 4

calculate

i7 . 3/ /

ii7 . 2/ ./

iii7

2

.;/ /

2B7 8an :B

Gi%en that

3

2B

. /

3

x

& x

x

4 calculate

i7 . 3/ &

ii7 the %alue of x for 6hich

. / @ & x

2A7 8un :B

If

2

. / 3 2 and . / . 3/

3

/ x x . x x + 4 calculate

i7 .=/ /

ii7

2

. / . x

iii7

.=/ ./

297 8an :A

Gi%en that

3

. / =4 and . /

3

x

/ x x . x + 4 find

i7 the %alues of

.=/4 .3/4 and .3/ / . /.

ii7 e"ressions for

. / and . / /. x ./ x

2:7 8un :A

/ and . are functions defined as follo6s:

: = <

2

:

3

/ x x

. x x

. =/ /

b7 *rite e"ressions for

i7

2

. / / x

ii7

2

. / . x

e"ression for

2

. / . / ./ x

3@7 8an :9

Gi%en . / = 3 / x x

i7 Determine

2

. / / x

= 3 ; x

327 8un :9

Gi%en

3

. / / x x and

. / < = . x x +

4 calculate

i7

. 3/ /

ii7

. 3/ ./

iii7

2

. / . x

337 8an ::

Gi%en that

. / 3 = / x x

i7 Determine an e"ression for

2

. / / x

of x for 6hich

. / A / x

3=7 8un ::

If

. / 2 = and . / 3 & x x , x x + +

4 calculate

i7

. / &, x

ii7

.;/ &,

iii7

2

. / . / &, x

. / @ &, x

3;7 8an @@

The function

2

: 2

3

/ x x

i7 Find the %alue of ( ) @ /

ii7 Find the %alue of x for 6hich ( ) < / x

3<7 8un @@

Gi%en that

: =

3

:

<

/ x x

x

. x

x

+

a7 Calculate ( ) 3 .

b7 State the %alue of x for 6hich ( ) . x

is

not defined

c7 Deri%e an e"ression for ( ) ./ x

d7 Calculate the %alue of ( )

2

; /

3B7 8an @2

Gi%en that ( ) ( )

=

3 and / x x . x

x

+ 4

i7 calculate ( ) 2 /

ii7 6rite an e"ression for ( ) ./ x

iii7 calculate the %alues o" x so that

( ) ( ) / x . x

;=

3A7 8un @2

Gi%en that ( ) ( )

3

= and . x x & x x + 4 calculate

i7 ( ) < .

ii7 ( )

2

A .

iii7 ( ) @ &.

397 8an @3

Gi%en that ( ) ( )

3

: 4 and / x x . x x 4

calculate

i7 ( ) = /

ii7 ( ) ; .

iii7 ( ) 3 /.

3:7 8un @3

The functions / and . are defined b!

( )

( )

2

=

3 2

x

/ x

. x x

+

a7 Calculate ( ) = .

b7 Find in its simlest form

i7 ( )

2

/ x

ii7 ( )

2

. x

iii7 ( ) /. x

i%7

( ) ( )

2

/. x

c7 Sho6 that ( ) ( ) ( )

2

2 2

/. x . / x

=@7 8an @=

Gi%en that ( ) ( )

=

B and . x x & x x

i7 ( ) = &

ii7 ( ) 3 &.

iii7 ( ) 3 .&

=27 8un @=

T6o functions . and & are defined as

3 = 2

: and :

;

x

. x & x

x x

+

Calculate

i7 the %alue of ( ) A .

ii7 the %alue for 6hich ( ) B . x

*rite e"ressions for

iii7 ( ) &. x

i%7 ( )

2

. x

=37 8an @;

Gi%en that ( ) ( ) = ; and / x x . x x + 4

calculate

i7 ( ) 3< .

ii7 ( ) 2< ./

==7 8an @<

Te functions / and . are such that

( ) ( )

3 <

and 3 =

;

x

/ x . x x

x

+

7

Calculate the %alue of

i7 ( ) ; .

ii7 ( ) 3 /.

iii7 ( )

2

A .

The functions / and . are defined b!

( ) ( )

3

2

<

3

/ x x . x x +

E%aluate

i7 ( ) ( ) = = . . +

ii7 ( )

2

B /

iii7 ( ) 3 /.

SIM'LE (EOMETR!

;;

27 In the diagram belo6 ACE and BCD are straight

lines7

i7 Calculate the %alue of the angle mar)ed x>

ii7 Calculate the %alue of the angle mar)ed y>7

iii7 Calculate the %alue of the angle mar)ed z>*

>%i$e two reasons for &our answers7?

37 In the diagram belo6 '0R is a right angled

triangle7 '0 is arallel to TR7

'0 is 973 cm 'T is <73 cm

TR is =7B cm TS is x cm

i7 *hat is the area of the traePium '0RTH

ii7 Find x 6hich is the distance TS7

iii7 Find tan \7

=7 In the triangle '0R sho6n belo64 '0 I 0R and

0R I 'R7

i7 *hat is the name of this t!e of triangleH

ii7 *hat are the %alues of the angles mar)ed

x> and y>H

;7 (elo6 is the lan of a farmerNs field7

*hat is the total area of the fieldH

Gi%e !our ans6er 6ith the correct units

<7 Cse a ruler4 a encil4 and a air of comass onl!

for this #uestion7

i7 Dra6 a line segment4 '04 A cm long7

ii7 Construct a line segment4 LM4 the

erendicular bisector of '04 such that

LM cuts '0 at O4 and OL I OM I cm7

iii7 Form a arallelogram 'L0M b! joining

the oints '+ L+ 0 and M7

i%7 1easure and state the siPe of angle M'L7

;<

%7 *hat t!e of arallelogram is 'L0MH

Gi%e a reason for !our ans6er7

B7 The shae ABCD belo6 is a traePium7

The angle CAD is 2:L7

The angle ACD is :9L7

BCE is a straight line7

i7 *hat is the siPe of the angle mar)ed 6ith

the letter pH

Gi%e a reason for !our ans6er7

ii7 *hat is the siPe of the angle mar)ed 6ith

the letter qH

Gi%e a reason for !our ans6er7

A7 (elo6 is the diagram .not dra6n to scale/ of a

regular entagon7

i7 Calculate the %alue of the angle mar)ed q7

ii7 Calculate the %alue of the angle mar)ed p7

97 Fins the %alue of x in the diagram belo67

:7 T6o angles are sulementar!4 if one of the

angles is t6ice the measure of the other4 6hat is

the measure of both anglesH

2@7 An e"terior angle on a regular ol!gon measures

=BL7 0o6 man! sides does the ol!gon ha%eH

227 The diagram belo6 sho6s the #uadrilateral

'0RS7

N0 is a straight line arallel to 'S7

i7 *hat is the siPe of the angle mar)ed aH

Gi%e a reason for !our ans6er7

ii7 *or) out the siPe of the angle mar)ed b7

*hat roert! did !ou use to come u

6ith !our solutionH

237 Inside the regular he"agon belo6 is an

e#uilateral triangle4 a rhombus and a traePium7

a7 *hat is the siPe of angle pH

b7 *hat is the siPe of angle qH

c7 The area of the e#uilateral triangle is

<cm

3

7 *or) out the total area of the

regular he"agon7

d7 (! using a ruler and a air of comass

construct an e#uilateral triangle 6ith

sides < cm7

.'ea$e all construction lines on &our

diagram7/

2=7 In the #uadrilateral Q+1,4 not dra6n to scale4

LM 5 LN 5 L44 2;@ 4LM

;B

Gi%ing reasons for each ste of !our ans6er4

calculate the siPe of

i7 LN4

ii7 NLM

iii7 4NM

2;7 In the diagram4 belo6 A(CD is a rectangle7

*hat is the measure of

i7 DC!

ii7 AB)

2<7 A regular ol!gon has an e"ternal angle of :@L7

*hat t!e of a ol!gon is it7

2B7 The figure belo64 not dra6n to scale4 is a regular

he"agon 6ith centre )+ and )! I B cm7

Calculate

i7 the siPe of angle !?)

ii7 the area of triangle !)?4 e"ressing !our

ans6er correct to one decimal lace7

iii7 the area of the he"agon7

2A7 T6o circles 6ith centres ' and 0 and radii < cm

and 3 cm resecti%el! are dra6n so that the!

touch each other at T and a straight line )! at S

and R7

a7 State 6ith a reason

i7 6h! 'T0 is a straight line

ii7 the length '0

iii7 6h! 'S is arallel to 0R

b7 , is a oint on 'S such that 0N is

erendicular to 'S7

Calculate

i7 The length 'N

ii7 The length RS7

;A

297 8un :<

ABCDE is a regular entagon inscribed in a

circle centre O4 radius 23 cm4 as sho6n in the

diagram abo%e4 1 is the midoint of DC

i7 Calculate the angle DOC .in degrees/

ii7 Calculate DM

iii7 0ence find the erimeter of the entagon

2:7 8an 9:

In the diagram abo%e .not dra6n to scale/

ABCDEF reresents a regular ol!gon7 Gi%en

that the sum of the interior angles of an n6sided

ol!gon is 29@.n D 3/L4 calculate the siPe of

i7 angle AFE

ii7 angle BCA

3@7 8un :@

+1,OP' is a he"agon.not dra6n to scale/ 6ith

] ] ]

22@ 4 2=@ and :@ 4 ' 0 O

] ] ]

L M N

i7 Calculate the %alue of

]

L

ii7 Gi%en that PO I ;cm and the area of

^NO' 5 23 cm

3

7 Calculate the length of

P, in cm4 gi%ing !our ans6er correct to

one decimal lace7

327 8un @@

A(CDE is a entagon4 not dra6n to scale4 6ith

] ] ]

7 A B D x

Angle C I A3L and angle E I

92L7 Calculate the %alue of x7

337 8an :A

The angles of a #uadrilateral ta)en in order are

:@L4 xL4 3xL4 =xL

i7 Calculate the siPe of the un)no6n

angles7

ii7 ,ame the t!e of #uadrilateral7

;9

3=7 8un :3

The diagram abo%e4 not dra6n to scale4

reresents a regular ol!gon '0RST7

i7 Gi%en that the sum of the interior angles

of the ol!gon 6ith n sides is 29@.n D 3/L4

calculate angle TSR and angle TRS7

ii7 Gi%en further that angle '0R I x>4 and

angle RT' I y>4 sho6 that

3 7 y x

3;7 8un :B

In the diagram abo%e4 not dra6n to scale4 AB is

arallel to CD and E( is arallel to F#7 Angle

I"L I <@L and angle 4I" I :<L

Calculate the %alues of x4 y4 and z sho6ing

clearl! the stes in !our calculations7

3<7 8an :<

In the diagram abo%e4 not dra6n to scale4 B( is

arallel to DE4 AF and C# are straight lines7

Calculate the %alues of x and y sho6ing clearl!

the stes in !our calculation7

3B7 Each of the e"terior angle of a regular ol!gon is

3@L7 0o6 man! sides does the ol!gon ha%eH

3A7 G 8un :=

ABCDE is a entagon7 The angles A+ B+ C+ D4

and E are xL4 3xL4 =xL4 ;xL4 and 23@L7 Find the

%alue of x7

397 8an :3

In the diagram abo%e4 not dra6n to scale4 angles

BAC I 3;L4 EDC I =@L and angle CED I xL7

Calculate in terms of x the siPe of

i7 Angle AFD

ii7 Angle BFE

iii7 0ence deduce the %alue of x7

;:

3:7 G 8un :2

In the diagram4 A(C and ACD are isosceles

triangles in 6hich A( I AC I AD and

A; BAC ACD

a7 Calculate

i7 CAD

ii7 BCA

b7 *hat secial t!e of #uadrilateral is

ABCDH

=@7 8un 9:

State three roerties 6hich define a rhombus4

6ith resect to its sides4 angles and diagonals

ABCD is a rhombus .not dra6n to scale/ 6ith

AO I ;79cm and BC I =7B cm

Calculate

i7 The length of AB*

ii7 The state of angle BAD to the nearest

degree7

iii7 The area of ABCD*

=27 8an :<

Gi%en that K radians I 29@L e"ress

i7 radians in degrees

B

=37 8an :@

The minute hand of a cloc) is 3< cm long and

the hour hand is 32 cm long7 Calculate

i7 the distance mo%ed b! the ti of the

hour hand 6hen the time goes from 3

a7m7 to 2@ a7m7 the same da!7

ii7 the smaller angle bet6een the hands of

the cloc) 6hen the time is 2@ oNcloc)7

==7 8un :A

In this #uestion4 use =72;

A 6heel is turning at a rate of == re%olutions er

minute7 E"ress this seed in radians er second4

correct to 3 significant figures

Similar Triangles

=;7 8un :2

In the diagram abo%e4 not dra6n to scale4 '04

)!4 and SR are arallel lines* 0! I 2@cm4 !R I

<cm and )! I =cm7

i7 Pro%e that triangle '0) and RS) are

similar7

ii7 Calculate the lengths of '0 and RS7

iii7 Calculate the ratio of the areas of the

triangles '0) and RS)7

<@

=<7 8an :=

In the figure abo%e4 not dra6n to scale4

9@ BAC 7 AB I AC4 MB I MC and BF is

erendicular to AC7

i7 Calculate the angles ABF4 BMC4 and

MCF7

ii7 Sho6 that triangles ABF and MCF are

similar7

=B7 8an :<

Triangles ')! and '0R4 not dra6n to scale4 are

similar triangles7 ') I ; cm4 )0 I B cm4 and

0R I 9 cm7 Calculate

i7 The length of )! in cm

ii7 The area of triangle ')! gi%en that the

area of triangle '0R is <@ cm

3

7

=A7 8un ::

In the diagram abo%e4 not dra6n to scale4 4M is

arallel to #I4 angle #4L I :AL and angle MLI I

=3L

i7 Sho6 that triangle "4L is similar to

triangle "#I7

ii7 Gi%en that 4L I ; cm and #I I 2@cm4

6rite do6n the %alue of the ratio

area

area

"#I

"4L

V

V

=97 8un 3@@3

The diagram abo%e4 nor dra6n to scale4 sho6s

ABCD4 a buc)et of height 29 cm7 The buc)er is

made b! remo%ing a cone VAB of height & cm7

from a larger cone VCD7 AMB4 the diameter of

the circular base of the buc)et is

2

2A

3

cm7 COD4

the diameter of the oen to is 39 cm7

i7 Sho6 gi%ing reasons that

<

29 9

&

&

+

7

ii7 Determine the %alue of &*

<2

=:7 8an @;

In the diagram belo64 not dra6n to scale4

triangle ACD is an enlargement of triangle ABE4

6ith A as the center of enlargement4 AB I B cm

and BC I ; cm7

Calculate

i7 the scale factor of enlargement 6hich

mas triangle ABE onto triangle ACD7

ii7 the area of triangle ACD4 in cm

3

4 gi%en

that the area of triangle ABE is 29 cm

3

7

;@7 8un @<

In the diagram abo%e4 not dra6n to scale4 ' and

0 are midoints on the side )! and )? of the

triangle )!?7 Gi%en that )' I A7< cm and )0 I

;7< cm and the area of triangle )'0 I 2=7< cm

3

4

calculate

i7 the siPe of ')0 e"ressing !our ans6er

correct to the nearest degree7

ii7 the area of triangle !)?7

;27 8un @<

The figure S8Q1 abo%e4 not dra6n to scale4 is a

traePium 6ith S8 arallel to 1Q4 angle 18Q I

23;L4 image 1S8 I 2=BL and S1 I S8 I <@ m7

a7 Calculate the siPe of

i7 Angle S81

ii7 Angle 8Q1

b7 Calculate4 e"ressing !our ans6er

correct to one decimal lace4 the length

of

i7 18

ii7 8Q

;37 8un @<

In the diagram belo6 A(CDE is a entagon

2@9 4 :@ BAE ABC 4 9@ 4 AED

<A ADC and AE is Parallel to CD7

Calculate the siPe of the angle mar)ed

i7 x L

ii7 yL

Show all ste!s in &our calculations and gi$e

reasons for &our answers(

CONSTRUCTION

27 8un 92

i7 Csing a ruler and a comass onl!4

construct triangle ABC 6ith B@ A 4

;< B and AB I 2@ cm7

1easure and state the length of BC in

centimetres7

ii7 Find the oint D on AB such that CD I

DB7 1easure and state the length of AD

in centimetres

37 8un 99

Csing a ruler and a comass onl! for this

<3

#uestion7 All construction lines and arcs must be

clearl! sho6n and be of sufficient length and

clarit! to ermit assessment7

i7 Construct triangle ABC in 6hich AB I 9

cm4 ;< A and B@ B

ii7 Construct also the erendicular

bisector of AC to meet AB at )7

iii7 1easure accuratel! and state the lengths

of AC and A)7

=7 8un 9:

Construct triangle (A( such that A( I 9 cm4

AD I B7< cm and angle DA( I A@L7 Through D

construct DC arallel to A(7 Construct also the

line (C erendicular to A(7 1easure and state

the length of DC7 )show all construction lines

clearl&*

;7 8an :2

Csing ruler and comass onl!4 construct triangle

P'$ in 6hich '$ I 97B4 P' I A73 cm and angle

P'$ I B@L7

i7 Construct the erendicular bisector of

P$ to meet P$ at S

ii7 1easure and 6rite do6n the length of

S$ in centimetres7

<7 8un :=

Csing ruler and comass onl!4 construct a

triangle A(C4 6ith A( I :7< cm4 triangle AC I

A7< cm and angle (AC I B@L

i7 +ocate the oint D such that D( is

erendicular to A( and is arallel to

A(7

1easure and state the length of (D in

centimetres7

B7 8an :<

i7 Csing ruler and comass onl!4 construct

a triangle EFG 6ith EF I;7< cm4 FG I

A7< cm and angle FEG I ;<L

ii7 1easure and state

a7 the length of EG in cm

b7 the siPe of angle FEG

A7 8un :<

i7 Csing ruler and comass onl!4 construct

triangle CA( 6ith angle CA( I B@L4

A( I 9 cm and AC I : cm7

ii7 Construct the erendicular bisector of

A( to meet AC at Y and A( at X

1easure and state the length of YX

iii7 1easure and state the siPe of angle

A(C7

>Credit will +e gi$en for construction lines

clearl& shown*

97 8an :B

Csing ruler and comass onl!:

i7 Construct triangle FG0 6ith FG I A7<

cm4 angle FG0 I 23@L and angle GF0

I =@L

ii7 +ocate on FG4 the oint 14 the

midoint of FG7 Sho6 all construction

lines

1easure and state the siPe of angle

G10

:7 8un :B

i7 Construct triangle +1, 6ith 1, I 2@

cm4 +1 I B7< cm and +1, I <@L7

ii7 1easure and state the length of +,7

iii7 1easure and state the siPe of angle

+,17

i%7 Csing ruler and comass onl!4 construct

+Y so that +Y is erendicular to 1,

and meets 1, in Y

2@7 8un ::

i7 Csing ruler and comass onl!4 construct

ABC V 6ith (C I 2@ cm4 A( I ;7< cm

and ABC I23@L7 (isect BAC 4 such

that the bisector of BAC meets (C at

Y7

ii7 1easure and state the length4 in cm4 of

CY7

iii7 The siPe of the angle ACY7

227 8an ::

Csing ruler and comass onl!4 construct a

triangle YXW4 in 6hich XW I A7< cm4 angle YWX

I =@L and angle YXW I :@L

1easure and 6rite do6n the length of YX7

)All construction lines must +e clearl& shown*

237 8an @@

Csing ruler and comass onl!4 construct a

triangle *YX 6ith *Y I A cm4 YX I B cm and

angle *YX I :@L

1easure and 6rite do6n the siPe of angle X*Y

)All construction lines must +e clearl& shown*

2=7 8an @3

Csing a ruler and a comass onl!4 construct a

triangle P'$ 6ith '$ I B7< cm4 P' I 97@ cm

and

A< '0R

1easure and state the length of P$ in cm7

<=

Triangles and Circles

2;7 8an :A

Csing ruler and comass onl!4 construct

i7 Triangle P'$ 6ith P' I 9 cm4 '$ I

A7< cm4

B@ '0R

ii7 The erendicular bisector of '$

iii7 The circle '$ as diameter

2<7 8un @2

Csing ruler and comass onl!4

i7 Construct triangle DEF 6ith EF I DF I

A7< cm and DE I < cm7

ii7 Construct the circle 6hich lies 6ithin

triangles DEF and touches each side of

the triangle7

iii7 1easure and 6rite do6n the length of

the radius of the circle

Triangles and ,uadrilaterals

2B7 8un 9=

a7 Construct a triangle A(C such that A(

I B cm4 (C I ;7< cm and CA I = cm7

b7 Construct the image of triangle A(C4

found b! reflecting triangle A(C in line

A(7 +abel the image of C as C

c7 1easure and state the length of CC

d7 If A( intersects CC at ,4 6rite do6n

t6o statements about NC

e7 State the t!e of ol!gon formed b! the

comosite figure A(C and its image

=<7 8an :@

Csing ruler an comass onl!

a7 construct a traePium A(CD in 6hich

AD I : cm4 A( I B cm4 (C I < cm4

angle (AD I =@L and (D is arallel to

AD

b7 construct the erendicular (F to meet

AD at F

c7 measure and state the length of (F in

centimetres

=B7 8un :2

Csing ruler and comass onl!4 construct a

arallelogram A(CD such that A( I B7< cm4 AD

I <7A cm and angle DA( I B@L7 1easure and

state the length of (D in centimetres

)Note: All construction lines must +e clearl&

shown*

=A7 8un :3

a7 Csing ruler and comass onl!4 construct

a #uadrilateral A(CD in 6hich A( I

AD I B cm4 (C I ; cm4 angle (AD I

B@L4 and angle A(C I :@L7

b7 1easure and state

i7 the length of DC

ii7 the siPe of angle ADC

=97 8an :=

Csing ruler and a air of comass onl!4 construct

a arallelogram OP'$4 in 6hich OP I B cm4 O$

I ; cm and angle $OP I 23@L7

1easure and state the length of the longer

diagonal

=:7 8un :;

Csing ruler and rotractor4 construct

#uadrilateral &*YX in 6hich XY I 9 cm4 angle

Y&XI9@L4 &X I B cm4 Y* I A cm and angle

YX* I =<L7 1easure and state the length of &*

correct to one decimal lace

;@7 $esit :<

All construction lines must be clearl! sho6n

a7 Csing ruler and comass onl!4 construct

a #uadrilateral A(CD 6ith A( I 9 cm4

AD I 9 cm4 (C I <7; cm4 angle DA( I

:@L4 and angle A(C I 23@L

b7 1easure and state the siPe of the angle

(CD

;27 8un :A

a7 Csing ruler and comass onl!4 construct

the traePium Q+1, 6ith Q+ arallel

to ,14 Q+ I ; cm4 ,1 I A cm4

23@ 4LM 4 and +1 I B cm7

b7 Sho6 that :@ N4L MN4

c7 Sho64 b! calculation4 that the distance

bet6een Q+ and 1, is = = cm7

;37 8un :9

i7 All construction lines must be sho6n

Dra6 a line P$ 6hich measures A7< cm7

Construct the erendicular bisector 'S

of P$ to meet P$ at O4 such that O'

and OS both measure < m7 Comlete

the arallelogram P'$S7

ii7 State the name of this t!e of

arallelogram7 1easure and state4 in

cm4 the length of P'7

iii7 1easure and state the siPe of angle 'PS

<;

;=7 8an ::

Cser ruler and comass onl!4 construct a triangle

YXW4 in 6hich XW IA7< cm4 angle YWX I =@L

and angle YXW I :@L7 1easure and 6rite do6n

the length of YX

)All construction lines must +e clearl& shown*

;;7 8an @@

Csing ruler and comass onl!4 construct triangle

*YX 6ith *Y I A cm4 YX I B cm and angle

*YX I :@L7

1easure and 6rite do6n the siPe of angle X*Y7

)All construction lines must +e clearl& shown*

;<7 8un @@

Csing ruler and comass onl!:

i7 Construct triangle A(D such that (D I

A4 angle A(D I angle AD( I B@L7

ii7 Construct AY 6hich is erendicular to

(D and meets (D at Y

iii7 Comlete the #uadrilateral A(CD such

that AC I 3AY7

i%7 1easure and 6rite do6n the length of

AC7

%7 ,ame the t!e of #uadrilateral !ou ha%e

dra6n

)All construction lines must +e clearl& shown*

;B7 8an @2

Csing ruler and comass onl!4 construct a

arallelogram Q+1,4 so that Q+ I 9 cm4 +1 I

B cm and angle Q+1 I 2=<L7

Dra6 Q17 1easure and state its length7

;A7 8un @<

Csing a ruler and a air of comass onl!4

construct the rectangle P'$S in 6hich P' I 9

cm and PS I B cm7

1easure and state the length of the diagonal in

centimetres7

;97 8an @;

Csing ruler and comass onl!4 construct triangle

P&X as sho6n abo%e 6here each side is of

length B cm

COORDINATE GEOMETRY

27 8un 9<

A #uadrilateral A(CD is formed b! joining the

oints 6hose coordinates are A.D34 o/4 (.@4 ;/4

C.A4 =/4 and D.=4 D</

a7 Calculate the length of AC

b7 Sho6 that (D is erendicular to AC

c7 Pro%e that A(CD is a traePium7

37 8un 99

The coordinates of A and ( are .=4 </ and .A4 2/

resecti%el!7 Y is the midoint of A(7

a7 Calculate

i7 the length of A(

ii7 the gradient of A(

iii7 the coordinates of Y7

b7 Determine the e#uation of the

erendicular bisector of A( and state

the coordinates of the oint at 6hich

the erendicular bisector meets the y

a"is

=7 8an :@

A straight line 0Q cuts the yDa"is at .@ D2/7 The

gradient of 0Q is

3

=

7

Sho6 that the e#uation of the line 0Q is

3 = = x y

7

;7 8un :;

The coordinates of the oints A and ( are

.<4 3;/ and .D2@4 D23/ resecti%el!7

a7 Calculate the gradient of the line

joining A and (

<<

b7 Determine the e#uation of A(7

c7 State the coordinates of the ya"is

intercet for the line A(7

<7 8un :<

A straight line is dra6n through the oints

. <4 =/ and .24 3/ A B

a7 Determine the gradient of A(

b7 *rite the e#uation of the line A(

B7 8an :B

The coordinates of A and ( are

.=4 2/

and

.-24 =/

resecti%el!7

i7 Find the gradient of the line A(7

ii7 State the coordinates of the midoint of

A and (

iii7 0ence determine the e#uation of the

erendicular bisector of A(7

A7 $esit :<

The diagram abo%e sho6s the t6o oints A.B4 A/

and ( .=4 3/

a7 Calculate the gradient of A(

b7 Determine the e#uation of the line A(

c7 Obtain the %alue of x4 if a oint

P. 4 -B/ x

lies on A(

97 8an :9

The e#uation of a line 4+4 is

< 3 : x y

i7 *rite the e#uation of + in the form

y mx c +

ii7 0ence4 state the gradient of the line +

iii7 A oint4 ,4 6ith coordinates .h4 h/ lies on

the line7 Calculate the %alue of h7

i%7 Find the e#uation of the line through .@4 3/

erendicular to +7

:7 8un :9

on the grah belo64 the oint P.x4 y/ has been

mar)ed in

i7 *rite do6n the coordinates of P7

ii7 Through P4 dra6 a straight line 6hose

a"is y intercet is ;7

iii7 Calculate the gradient of the straight line7

i%7 Determine the e#uation of the straight line

2@7 8an ::

The line 4L4 joining the oint .x4 3/ to the oint

.=4 D2/ has gradient

=

;

7 Determine

i7 the %alue of x

ii7 the coordinates of the midoint of the line

joining the oint .<4 B/ to the oint .=4 2/

iii7 the e#uation of the line erendicular to

the line reresented b!

= y x +

and

assing through the oint .=4 D2/

227 8un ::

The coordinates of the oints L and N are .<4 B/

and .94 -3/ resecti%el!7

i7 State the coordinates of the midoint4 M4

of the line LN7

ii7 Calculate the gradient of the line LN7

iii7 Determine the E#uation of the straight

line 6hich is erendicular to LN and

6hich asses through the oint4 M7

237 8an @@

A straight line joins t6o oints H.-;4 B/ and

G.<4 =/

i7 Calculate the gradient of HG7

ii7 Determine the e#uation of HG7

iii7 *rite do6n the gradient of an! line dra6n

erendicular to HG7

2=7 8an :3

A straight line asses through the oints M.I4 ;/

and N.;4 D3/

<B

i7 Calculate the gradient of the line MN7

ii7 Determine the e#uation of the line MN7

iii7 Deduce the coordinates of the oint L

6here MN cuts the

-a"is y

2;7 8un @@

The grah abo%e sho6s a straight line 'T

intersecting the y a"is at T7

i7 State the coordinates of T

ii7 Calculate the gradient of 'T

iii7 Determine the e#uation of 'T

2<7 8un :B

The grah abo%e sho6s a straight line EF

intersecting the x6a"is at F

i7 State the coordinates of F

ii7 Calculate the gradient of EF

iii7 Determine the e#uation of EF

2B7 8an @2

E is the oint .D34 </ and F is the oint .34 -=/7

Find b! calculation4

a7 the coordinates of G4 the midoint of

EF

b7 the gradient of EF

c7 Determine the e#uation of the

erendicular bisector of EF7

2A7 8un @2

P is the oint .;4 3/4 ' is the oint .234 </ and $

is the oint .24 =/7 Calculate

i7 the length of P$

ii7 the gradient of P'

iii7 the e#uation of the line assing through

$and arallel to P'

297 8an @3

The diagram abo%e4 not dra6n to scale4 sho6s

the line A( assing through oints A.34 2/ and

(.;4 D=/

a7 Calculate the gradient of the line A(

b7 *rite the e#uation of the line A(

CD is a line arallel to A( and asses through

the origin

c7 *rite the e#uation of the line CD

d7 Calculate the gradient of the line

erendicular to CD

2:7 8un @3

In the diagram abo%e4 not drawn to scale4 A( is

a straight line joining A.D24 :/ and (.=4 2/7

a7 Calculate the gradient of the line A(

b7 Determine the e#uation of the line A(

c7 *rite the coordinates of G4 the oint of

intersection of A( and the y-a"is

d7 *rite the e#uation of the line through

O4 the origin4 that is erendicular to

A(7

e7 *rite the e#uation of the line through

O that is arallel to A(

<A

3@7 8un 92

A and ( are coordinates .24m 3/ and .D<4 DB/

resecti%el!7 The lines AC and (C ha%e

gradients = and D3 resecti%el!

i7 Calculate the coordinates of C

ii7 S is the midoint of AC and T is the

midoint of (C7 Calculate

a7 the gradient of ST

b7 the length of ST

327 8un 9;

The oints A.@4 :/ and (.@4 ;/ are maed b! a

rotation 6ith centre C on to the oints

.94 A/ and .;4 ;/ A B

a7 Csing a scale of 3 cm to 2 unit on both

a"is4 lot the oints 4 4 and A B A B

b7 State

i7 The relationshi of A and A to

C

ii7 The siPe of the triangle (1C

6here 1 is the midoint of BB

c7 (! suitable construction find the

coordinates of C7

d7 1easure and state the angle of rotation

to the nearest degree7

337 8un :@

x 2 = B

y = 2:

The table abo%e sho6s the relation of the form

3

6here and y ,x c , c + are constants7

Calculate the %alue of 7

3=7 8un 9@

The follo6ing incomlete table gi%es oints on

a straight line

2

L

x @ 3 A 22

y 2 D: D2<

Find the e#uation of the line

2

L 4 and comlete

the table7

3

L

is the line erendicular to

2

L

and

3

L

cuts

the xDa"is at .3<4 @/7 Calculate the coordinates of

the oint 6here

3

L cuts the yDa"is

3;7 A 8un 9:

Find the e#uation of the line joining A.D24 D:/ to

(.B4 23/7

Another line asses through C.A4 D</ and meets

A( at right angles at D7 Find the e#uation of CD

and calculate the coordinates of D7

3<7 A 8un :@

The line

= 2< x y +

intersects the a"es at A and

(4 Find

i7 the coordinates of A and of (

ii7 the distance A(

3B7 A 8un :@

Three oints ha%e coordinates A.-<4 B/4 (.24 D;/

and C.=4 ;/7

(! calculation

i7 sho6 that the triangle is isosceles

ii7 find the coordinates of the midoint of

the longest side

3A7 A 8un :@

The oints A.D24 2@/ and C(=4 3/ re oosite

corners of a rhombus A(CD7 The midoint B

lies on the xDa"is and E is the midoint of AC7

Calculate the coordinates of the oints E4 B4 and

D7

397 8un @3

In

4 "4I

the coordinates of the %ertices are 8.@4

2@/4 Q.<4 D;/4 and +.A4 3/

i7 Dra6

"4L

ii7 Determine the coordinates of 14 the

midoint of Q+7

iii7 Sho6 b! calculation4 that 8Q I 8+7

3:7 8une @3

A straight line is dra6n through the oints A.24

2/ and (.<4 D3/7

a7 Calculate the gradient of the line A(

b7 *rite do6n the gradient of an! line

that is erendicular to A(7

c7 Determine the e#uation of the line

6hich asses through D.=4 3/ and is

erendicular to A(7

*rite the e#uation in the form

y mx c +

=@7 8un @<

A Straight line asses through the oint P.D=4 </

and has a gradient of

3

=

7

i7 *rite do6n the e#uation of this line in

the form

y mx c +

ii7 Sho6 that this line is arallel to the line

3 = @ x y

<9

=27 8un @;

On the section of )!-lane abo%e

i7 *rite do6n the coordinates for the

oint '

ii7 Dra6 the line segment '0 through the

oint '4 such that gradient of '0 is

=

3

7

iii7 *rite do6n the e#uation of the line

assing through ' and 07

=37 Find the e#uation of the straight line4 A(4 that

asses through the oints A.<4 B/ and (. -<4 3/7

Determine the e#uation of the line that is

arallel to A( and intercets the xDa"is .24 @/7

==7 8un @;

The amount a lumber charges for ser%ice

deends on the time ta)en to comlete the

reairs lus a fi" charge7

The grah belo6 sho6s the charge in dollars.1/

for the reairs in terms of the number of

minutes./ ta)en to comlete the reairs7

a7 *hat 6as the charge for a lumbing

job 6hich too) 3@ minutesH

b7 0o6 man! minutes 6ere sent

comleting reairs that cost

i7 O=97@@

ii7 O3@7@@H

c7 *hat is the amount of fi"ed chargeH

d7 Calculate the gradient of the line

e7 *rite the e#uation of the line in terms

of 1 and 7

f7 Determine the length of the time ta)en

to comlete a job for 6hich the charge

6as OA97@@

=;7 8an @B

The e#uation of line l is y I ;x J <7

State the gradient of an! line that is arallel to

l

Determine the e#uation of the line arallel to l

that asses through the oint .34 -B/7

=<7 A straight line connects the oints P.-94 2/ and

Q.=4 -</

i7 Determine the gradient of the line PQ

ii7 *hat are the coordinates of M4 the

midoint of PQ

iii7 Calculate the distance bet6een P and Q

i%7 Another oint R.:4 B/ is connected to Q

b! a straight line7 Sho6 b! calculation

that QP is e#ual in length to QR(

=B7 *hat is the distance bet6een the oints A.34 D=/

and (. D=4 9/H

<:

SETS

27 8un 93

- Dra6 a &enn diagram to illustrate the

follo6ing roosition

i7 All students are members of

Pl!mouth School

ii7 Students 6ho stud! hard s6im

6ell

iii7 Qe%in4 +isa4 and 1artin are <

th

form students7

i%7 1artin studies hard7

- Cse !our &enn diagram to determine

6hether the follo6ing conclusions are

true.T/4 false.F/4 or inconclusi%e.I/7

8ustif! !our ans6ers7

i7 Qe%in is a member of

Pl!mouth School

ii7 1artin s6ims 6ell7

37 8un 9=

+et

U I _ersons`

M I _mathematician`

N I _numerate ersons`

' I _oets`

E"amine each of the &enn diagrams belo6 and

state 6hether each satisfies the follo6ing three

statements7 8ustif! !our ans6er in each case7

SAll mathematicians are numerateS

SSome oets are mathematiciansS

SQrishna ,aiaul .)/ is a oetS

=7 8un :@

Consider the follo6ing three statements:

27 Some students la! bas)etball

37 Tall students are o%er 3 metres in height

=7 All bas)etball la!ers are tall

a7 $eresent the statement in a suitable

&enn diagram4 sho6ing and stating an

aroriate uni%ersal set

b7 Sho6 on !our diagram

i7 ,ina is 27< m tall

ii7 $obert 6ho is 373 m tall4 does

not la! bas)etball7

;7 8an :9

The uni%ersal set

_34 ;4 B4 94 2@4 23` The set P4 '4 and $ each

contain 3 members and

' 0 R

Gi%en that

. / .34 23/ 0 R

4 determine

i7 The members of the set P

ii7 The members of

0 R

iii7 The number of ossible subsets 6hich

can be formed from

0 R

i%7 The %alue of

. / n ' R

Two -ntersecting Sets

<7 8un :B

The &enn Diagram abo%e sho6s t6o sets4 X and

Y 6hich are subsets of the uni%ersal set 7

Co! the diagram and shade the region 6hich

reresents

. / ) ! )

B7 8un :;

Gi%en the follo6ing information:

U I _=4 B4 :4 234 a4 3A`

E I _e%en numbers`

G I _numbers greater than 3@`

E and G are subsets of U

i7 +ist the members of E and of G

ii7 Dra6 a &enn diagram to reresent the

abo%e data

iii7 State

. / n E (

A7 8an :9

Students in a class of =@ must ta)e either

1athematics or (iolog! or both7 23 students ta)e

both 1athematics and (iolog! and 3@ ta)e

1athematics7

B@

i7 $eresent this information on a &enn

diagram

ii7 Calculate the number of students 6ho ta)e

biolog! onl!

97 8an @@

A deartment store sells je6eller! and cosmetics7

On an! one da! the total number of ersons

bu!ing je6eller! or cosmetics or both 6as ;@@7

3<@ ersons bought je6eller!

3x ersons bought cosmetics onl!

x ersons bought both je6eller! and cosmetics

i7 Dra6 a carefull! labelled &enn diagram to

illustrate the information7

ii7 *rite an e"ression4 in x4 to reresent the

total number of ersons bu!ing je6eller!

or cosmetics or both

iii7 0ence4 calculate the number of ersons

6ho bought cosmetics7

:7 8an @2

In a grou of ;@ students4 all students stud!

1athematics7

39 students stud! (iolog! and 1athematics

3@ students stud! geograh! and 1athematics

x students stud! all = subjects

i7 Dra6 a &enn diagram to reresent the

abo%e information4 sho6ing4 in terms of x4

the number of students in each subset7

ii7 Determine the number of students 6ho

stud! all three subjects7

2@7 8an @3

A sur%e! conducted among a grou of <@

students sho6ed that:

=@ students la!ed football

: students la!ed cric)et and football

x students la!ed neither cric)et nor football

=x students la!ed cric)et onl!7

i7 Dra6 a clearl! labelled &enn diagram to

illustrate the information abo%e7

ii7 Determine the number of students 6ho

la!ed cric)et

227 8un :9

The follo6ing &enn diagram sho6s set C and D4

6here P and ' are subsets of C and D

resecti%el!7

i7 Gi%en that . . / ==4 . / ;24 n C n D

. / n C D x 4 6rite do6n4 in terms of x4

the %alues of . / n ' and . / n 0 7

ii7 If . / <24 n C D Calculate the %alue of

x7

237 8un @3

In the &enn diagram abo%e4

C I _6hole numbers less than 2@` and A and (

are subsets of C7

i7 Describe A and ( in 6ords

ii7 +ist the 1embers of A B and describe

the set4 in 6ords4 in relation to A and (7

Determine . / n A B

2=7 8un @=

The Cni%ersal set7 C7 is gi%en as

C I _2434=4 a 2=42;4l<`

The sets A and ( are subsets of C such that

A I _ Factors of 23`

( I _ 1ultiles of =`7

i7 +ist the members of the set of A7

ii7 +ist the members of the set of (

iii7 $eresent the sets4 A4 ( and C4 on a &enn

diagram7

i%7 +ist the members of

. / A B

2;7 8un @=

In a grou of << students4

=2 students assed French

3" students assed Sanish onl!

" students assed both French and Sanish

2@ students assed neither French nor Sanish

i7 Dre6 a C+EA$+X labelled &enn diagram

to illustrate the information abo%e7

ii7 Calculate the number of students 6ho

assed Sanish7

iii7 Calculate the number of students 6ho

assed O,+X O,E subject7

-ntersecting . /is0oint Sets

B2

2<7 8an :9

The Cni%ersal Set4

I _24 34 =4 ;4 <4 B4 A4 94 :4 2@4 224 23`

YI_34 =4 <4 A4 22`

X I _24 =4 <4 24 :4 22`

W I _;4 94 23`

i7 Dra6 the &enn diagram to reresent the

abo%e information7

ii7 +ist the members of the set ) !

2B7 8un :9

The Cni%ersal set E contains the sets J4 K4 and L

such that : " 4 4 " 4 and

. / L " 4

Dra6 a &enn diagram to sho6 the relationshi

amongst the sets J, K4 and L7

2A7 8un @@

The &enn diagram belo6 sho6s the number of

students doing 1athematics .M/4 Accounts .A/4

and French .F/ in a class of <@7

i7 *rite do6n an e"ression4 in terms of x4

for the number of students 6ho do

accounts7

ii7 *rite do6n an e#uation4 in terms of x4

6hich sho6s the information in the &enn

diagram7

iii7 Determine the number of students 6ho do

1athematics onl!7

i%7 Determine the number of students 6ho do

French

297 8un 9A

C I _class of =B uils`

* I _2< uils 6ho 6al) to school`

$ I _29 uils 6ho ride to school`

+ I _3@ Puils 6ho lunch at school`

All the uils 6ho neither ride nor 6al) to

school ha%e their lunch at school7

Ten of the uils 6ho 6al) and A of the uils

6ho ride ha%e their lunch at school7

Dra6 a &enn diagram to reresent this

information7 Indicate clearl! the number of

elements of each set and subset7

2:7 8un 9;

C I _natural numbers`

P I __factors of 23`

' I _factors of B`

$ I _multiles of 23`

Dra6 a &enn diagram to reresent the these sets

and sho6 on the diagram4 in the aroriate

region the numbers for P4 '4 $ and ' 0

3@7 8un 9B

A4 B4 and C are three sets such that C s a subset

of B and

. / . / <9 n U n A B C 4 . / =< n B C 4

. / 33 n B C 4 and . / 2@ n A C

. / ;@ n A 4 and . / 3= n A B

U reresents the Cni%ersal set7 Dra6 a &enn

diagram to reresent the abo%e information and

hence4 determine ( ) n B A C 1

]

327 8an 9:

In a class of =; students4 e%er! student la!s at

least one of the follo6ing games: tennis4 cric)et4

football7

T6ent! four students la! cric)etR si"teen la!

tennisR and fifteen la! football7 Those 6ho la!

tennis also la! cric)et but not football7 Some of

the students 6ho la! football also la! cric)et7

i7 Dra6 a carefull! labelled &enn diagram to

reresent the abo%e information7

ii7 Calculate:

27 the number of students 6ho la!

both cric)et and football7

37 the number of students 6ho la!

cric)et onl!7

337 8un :@

i7 Dra6 and label a &enn diagram to sho6 the

follo6ing information:

A4 (4 and C are sets and C is the uni%ersal

setR . / ;<4 n U B A

n.A/ I 3=4 n.9/ I 2;4 n.C/ I 3@4

n. / I 9 A C

4 and n. B C @ I =4

ii7 0ence4 determine:

a7 n. A B / and

b7 n.

A B C

/

B3

3=7 8un 99

Gi%en that:

U is the set of ersons In Tobago

C is the set of ersons in Tobago 6ho li)e

cal!so7

S is the set of ersons in Tobago 6ho li)e steel

band7

P is the set of ersons in Tobago 6ho li)e o-

music7

All ersons 6ho li)e cal!so also li)e steel band

but do not li)e o-music

Some ersons 6ho li)e steel band also li)e o-

music7

- Dra6 a carefull! labeled &enn diagram

to illustrate this data7

- Gi%en that

. / ;@@@@ n U

4

. / 3<@@@4 . / 2@@@@ n S n c and

. / 9@@@ n '

Determine

i7

. / n S C

ii7

. / n C '

3;7 8un :A

The &enn diagram abo%e reresents information

about the ;@ members of a !outh club7

F I _members 6ho la! football`

C I _members 6ho la! cric)et`

T I _members 6ho la! tennis`

The same number4 x4 la! football onl! and

tennis onl!7

i7 Calculate the number 6ho la!s football7

ii7 State the information reresented b! the

shaded region of the &enn diagram7

iii7 State the relationshi bet6een the members

of C and F4 and bet6een C and T7

3<7 8an ::

There are <@ students in Form B

S

7

E%er! student does at least one of the subjects

1athematics4 Chemistr! and (iolog!7

All students 6ho do (iolog! also do Chemistr!7

,o student 6ho does 1athematics does (iolog!7

A students do (iolog!

=< students do 1athematics

3< students do Chemistr!

x students do both 1athematics and Chemistr!7

i7 Dra6 a clearl! labeled &enn diagram to

illustrate this information7

ii7 *rite4 in terms of x4 the number of

ersons 6ho do Chemistr! onl!

iii7 *rite an E#uation in x to reresent the

total number of students in form B

S

7

i%7 0ence4 calculate the number of ersons

6ho do both 1athematics and Chemistr!7

3B7 8un @2

The Cni%ersal set

C I _@4 24 34 =4 ;4 <4 B4 A4 94 :`

A I _@4 24 34 A4 :`

( I _=4 ;4 <`

C I _3`

i7 Dra6 a &enn diagram to reresent the

abo%e information

ii7 +ist4 using set notation4 the members of

the set A B 7

Three Set -ntersections

3A7 8un :<

The &enn diagram abo%e sho6s the uni%ersal set

b and three subsets A4 (4 and C7 The lo6er case

letters 6ritten in the diagram are members of the

%arious subsets7

i7 +ist the members of . / A B C

ii7 +ist the members of B C

B=

iii7 State the %alue of

. / n B C

397 8an :<

Cse the ans6er sheet ro%ided to ans6er this

art of the #uestion7

In a class of <B students4 each student does at

least one of the three subjects4 English4

1athematics4 and Science7

2@ students do English and Science onl!

< students do Science onl!

< students do 1athematics and English onl!7

,o student does 1athematics onl!

2< students do three subjects

x students do mathematics and science onl!

3x students do English onl!7

i7 Comlete the &enn diagram to illustrate

the information in this #uestion

ii7 *rite an e"ression in x to reresent the

comosition of the class

iii7 0ence4 calculate the number of students

6ho do English onl!7

3B7 $esit :<

Information from a sur%e! on 2A< ersons about

the goods4 ser%ices and rices of a suermar)et

is as follo6s:

22@ ersons comlained about the rices

BA ersons comlained about the ser%ices

<< ersons comlained about the goods

3@ ersons comlained about goods and rices

onl!

22 ersons comlained about ser%ices and rices

onl!

2B ersons comlained about goods and ser%ices

onl!

3 ersons had no comlaints

x ersons comlained about all three7

i7 Dra6 a &enn Diagram to reresent the

information from the sur%e!7

ii7 Calculate the %alue of x7

3A7 8un :2

There are <@ students in form &I

All students stud! 1athematics

2A stud! (iolog!

29 stud! Chemistr!

3; stud! Ph!sics

< stud! Ph!sics4 Chemistr! and 1athematics

A stud! Ph!sics4 (iolog! and 1athematics

B stud! Chemistr!4 (iolog! and 1athematics7

3 stud! all four subjects

a7 Dra6 a carefull! labelled &enn diagram

to reresent the data4 using the uni%ersal

set as the set of students 6ho stud!

1athematics7

b7 Determine the number of students 6ho

stud! at least three subjects7

c7 Calculate the number of students 6ho

stud! 1athematics onl!

397 8un :3

The &enn diagram abo%e illustrates some of the

information gi%en belo67

There are 2@@ members in a foreign language

club7

;9 members sea) Sanish

;< members sea) French

<3 members sea) German

2< members sea) Sanish and French

29 members sea) Sanish and German

32 members sea) German and French

Each member sea)s at +EAST one of the three

languages

+et the number of members 6ho sea) all =

languages be x7

i7 *rite an algebraic e"ression to reresent

the number of members in the shaded

region7

B;

ii7 Describe the region shaded7

iii7 *rite an e#uation to sho6 the total

number of members in the club7

i%7 0ence4 determine the number of members

6ho sea) all three languages7

3:7 8an :3

In a to6n there are 3@ shos 6hich sell shoes4

hats and dresses7

x sho sell shoes4 hats and dresses

: shos sell shoes and hats

9 shos sell shoes and dresses

2@ shos sell hats and dresses7

i7 Dra6 and label a &enn diagram to

reresent the information gi%en abo%e7

ii7 It is gi%en further that:

23 shos sell shoes

2< shos sell hats

2; shos sell dresses 7

- Determine in terms of "4 the number of

shos 6hich sell onl! shoes7

- Calculate the %alue of x7

=@7 8an :3

E%er! student of a class of =: la!s AT +EAST

O,E of the games: cric)et4 football4 tennis7

3 students la! onl! cric)et7

: students la! onl! cric)et and football

< students la! onl! cric)et and tennis

22 students la! both football and tennis

x students la! all = games7

i7 Dra6 a carefull! labelled &enn diagram to

reresent the information abo%e7

ii7 Gi%en that nineteen students la! no

cric)et4 and that 29 students la! tennisR

iii7 Calculate:

- the %alue of x

- the number of students 6ho la! onl!

football7

=27 8un :=

There are B9 students In Form &

2< students stud! 1athematics onl!

23 students stud! Ph!sics onl!

9 students stud! Ph!sics and Chemistr! onl!

3 students stud! Ph!sics and 1athematics onl!

= students stud! 1athematics Ph!sics and

Chemistr!

; Students do not stud! an! of these subjects

i7 Dra6 a carefull! labelled &enn diagram

to reresent the information abo%e

ii7 Determine the number of students 6ho

stud! Ph!sics

iii7 Gi%en that Y students stud!

1athematics and Chemistr! onl!4 and

t6ice as man! stud! Chemistr! onl!4

6rite an algebraic e#uation to reresent

the information gi%en and hence

calculate the %alue of x7

=37 8an :;

A ne6saer agent deli%ers ne6saers to a

%illage7 0e sells the E"ress4 the Ad%ocate4 and

the Gleaner7 Of the 2<@ households in the

%illage4

;@ households recei%e the E"ress

=< households recei%es the Ad%ocate

B@ households recei%es the Gleaner

A households recei%e the E"ress and the

Ad%ocate

2@ households recei%e the Ad%ocate and the

Gleaner

; households recei%e the E"ress and the

Gleaner

=; households recei%e no aers at all

x households recei%e all = ne6saers

i7 Co! in !our ans6er boo)let the &enn

diagram abo%e7 *rite4 in the aroriate

regions4 e"ressions in terms of x4 for

each subset of seta A4 E4 and (7

ii7 *rite an algebraic e#uation in x to

illustrate all the information gi%en

iii7 Sol%e the e#uation and hence determine

the number of households 6hich bought

the e"ress aer onl!7

==7 8un 9:

A sur%e! on a samle of ersons 6ho read at

least one of the magaPine P4 '4 and $ !ielded the

follo6ing data7

A3 ersons read P

<= ersons read '

B<

3: ersons read $

2; ersons read onl! P and $

: ersons read onl! P and '

3 ersons read onl! ' and $

;; ersons read P onl!7

i7 C se x to reresent the number of ersons

6ho read all three magaPines7 Dra6 a

carefull! labelled &enn diagram to

reresent the data7

ii7 Determine the %alue of x7

iii7 Calculate the number of ersons in the

samle7

=;7 8an :2

There are ;B students in a class7 0ome6or) 6as

gi%en in 1athematics4 Sanish4 and Accounts7 ;

students did not do home6or)7 Other students

did home6or) as listed belo67

Subject ,o7 of Students

All three subjects

1athematics and Accounts onl!

Accounts and Sanish onl!

Sanish and 1athematics onl!

Accounts onl!

Sanish onl!

9

=

A

<

3

B

i7 Dra6 a labelled &enn diagram to illustrate

the information gi%en abo%e7

ii7 Calculate the number of students 6ho did

home6or) in 1athematics7

iii7 Calculate the number of students 6ho did

home6or) in onl! one subject7

=<7 8an :A

The &enn diagram abo%e sho6s information on

the number of students in a grou and their

selection of subjects7 In the grou there 6ere B<

students7 The subjects 6ere7 Accounts .A/4

Geograh! .G/4 and 1athematics .1/7

Calculate:

i7 the total number of students in the grou

ii7 the number of students 6ho selected

Geograh!

iii7 the robabilit! of randoml! choosing a

students 6ho does 1athematics onl!7

=B7 8un :9

The &enn diagram belo6 sho6s sets C and D

6here P and ' are subsets of C and D

resecti%el!

i7 Gi%en that n.C/ I ==4 n.D/ I ;24

n.C D/ x 4 6rite do6n in terms of x4

the %alues of n.P/ and n.'/7

ii7 If

n.C D/I<2

4 calculate the %alue of x7

=A7 8un ::

Gi%en that

_a4 b4 c4 d4 e4 f4 g` E

_a4 b4 c4 d4 e` L

_a4 c4 e4 g` M

and

_b4 e4 f4 g` N

i7 Dra6 a &enn diagram sho6ing the sets: E4

L4 M and N and their elements

ii7 +ist the members of the set reresented

b! . / L M N

iii7 *rite do6n the %alue of n. / L M N

=97 8un 9<

Of the 2@@ candidate 6ho 6rote e"amination in

Comuter Science4 Statistics and Accounts4 ;9

candidates assed Comuter ScienceR 2; assed

Comuter Science and Accounts onl!R and 2;

assed Statistics and accounts onl!7

Three times as man! assed both Statistics and

Comuter Science Accounts as all 6ho assed

each subject onl!7

Assume that :

x candidates assed Statistics onl!

x candidates assed Accounts onl!

x candidates assed Comuter Science onl!

y candidates assed all three subjects7

$eresent the information gi%en on a suitable

&enn diagram and hence 6rite do6n t6o

e#uations in " and ! 6hich can be used to sol%e

for x and y7

=:7 8un @;

A club has 2B@ members4 some of 6hom la!

Tennis .T/ or cric)et .C/ or both7:@ members

la! tennis4 9B la! cric)et and 2@ la! neither x

la! both tennis and cric)et7

BB

a7 Dra6 a &enn diagram to reresent this

information

b7 0o6 man! members la! both tennis

and cric)etH

;@7 8an @<

=3 candidates too) e"amination at a CYC

e"amination centre

22 too) French .F/

: too) Sanish .S/

x too) (oth French and Sanish

29 too) neid2er French nor Sanish

i7 Co! and comlete die follo6ing &enn

diagram to reresent the information

ii7 *rite an e#uation in " for the number of

students in the uni%ersal set

iii7 Calculate the %alue of "

i%7 Shade the region F S

;27 8an @;

The follo6ing information is gi%en

_24 34 =4 7774 2@` U

_24 34 <4 2@` '

_34 =4 <4 94 :` 0

' and 0 are subsets of U the Cni%ersal set

a7 Dra6 a &enn diagram to reresent the

information sho6n abo%e

b7 +ist using set notation the member of

the set

i7

' 0

ii7

. / ' 0

;37 8un @<

In the diagram sho6n abo%e4 the Cni%ersal set4

.U/4 reresents all the students in a class7 The M

reresents all the students 6ho ta)e 1usic7 The

set D reresents the students 6ho ta)e Drama7 If

3; students ta)e music4 calculate

i7 the number of students 6ho ta)e both

1usic and Drama

ii7 the number of student 6ho ta)e Drama

onl!

STATISTICS

27 8un 92

If t6o digits are chosen at random from the set of

2@ digits _@4 24 34 =4 ;4 <4 B4 A4 94 :`4 calculate the

robabilit!

a7 that their sum is :

b7 that their sum is : or 2<

37 8un 92

A bag contains t6o 6hite marbles and = blue

marbles7

a7 A marble is selected at random from the

bag7 Calculate the robabilit! that the

marble is 6hite

b7 If the 6hite marble is not relaced in

the bag4 calculate the robabilit! that

the second marble selected from the bag

6ill be blue

=7 8un 93

On assembl! line for bottling soft drin)s4 the

bottles ma! defecti%e in three 6a!s:

A: the bottle contains foreign bodies

(: the bottle contains less than 3@ millilitres of

li#uid

C: the bottle is chied

All the bottles found defecti%e in an! or all of

these 6a!s are rejected7 The robabilit! of A is 2

in <@4 the robabilit! of ( is 2 in ;@4 and the

robabilit! of C is 2 in 3@7

Assuming these e%ents are mutuall! indeendent

BA

of each other4 calculate the robabilit! that a

bottle chosen at random from the assembl! line

a7 Is defecti%e in all three 6a!s

b7 Contains foreign bodies and less that

3;@ litres of li#uid7

;7 8un 9=

Si" men and ; 6omen4 including a man and his

6ife al! for a job at a firm7

a7 Calculate the robabilit! that4 if t6o

alicants are selected at random4 at

least one of them is a man

b7 If the man and his 6ife are selected in

ho6 man! 6a!s can t6o other ersons

also be selected from the remaining

alicants

c7 Calculate the robabilit! that4 if four

alicants are selected at random4 the

man and his 6ife are selected

<7 8un 9;

i7 In ho6 man! 6a!s can a committee of

< be chosen from < men and A 6omen

ii7 Calculate the robabilit! that if a

committee of < is chosen there are 3

men and = 6omen on this committee

B7 8un 9B

In a selling cometition4 t6o contestants4 Alfred

and (rian are gi%en different 6ords to sell7 The

robabilit! that Alfred sells correctl! an! 6ord

gi%en to him is

3

=

and the robabilit! that (rian

sells an! 6ord correctl! is

;

<

7 Calculate the

robabilit! that

a7 both Alfred and (rian sell their 6ord

correctl!

b7 either Alfred of (rian4 but not both4

sells his 6ord correctl!7

c7 *hen gi%en three 6ords4 Alfred sells

i7 onl! the first t6o 6ords

correctl!

ii7 an! t6o 6ords correctl!

A7 8un 9<

The dra6 for a tennis tournament in%ol%ing =

rofessionals and < amateur la!ers is made as

follo6s

2

st

$ound 3

nd

$ound =

rd

$ound

%s

Albert ./

(rian .a/

;

%s

Charles ./

Da%id .a/

;

cccccccccc

c

%s

cccccccccc

c

%s

Eric ./

Fran) .a/

%s

George ./

0arold .a/

;

cccccccccc

c

%s

cccccccccc

c

cccccccccc

c

%s

cccccccccc

c

9

97

CIRCLE T#EOREM

27

In the diagram abo%e4 not dra6n to scale4 ST'

and T0 are tangents of the circle4 centre O7

Angle O'0 I 3@L7

Calculate gi%ing reasons to suort !our

ans6ers

iii7 angle RO'

i%7 angle R'T

%7 angle 0T'

B9

37

In the diagram abo%e4 not dra6n to scale4 'S

and SR are chords of the circle4 centre O7 T6o

tangents from 0 touch the circle at ' and R

resecti%el!7

Angle '0R I ;BL7

Calculate4 gi%ing reasons to suort !our

ans6ers

i7

'O0

ii7 'SR

iii7

'R0

=7

In the figure abo%e4 not dra6n to scale4 ABCD

is a entagon inscribed in a circle centre O7

Angle CDF I 2=BL and angle BAD I A3L

b7 Calculate4 gi%ing reasons for !our

ans6er the magnitude of angles

i7 CDA

ii7 BCD

iii7 AED

c7 Gi%en that OA I 2< cm and angle

EAD I =<L4 calculate the length of

AE7

;7

In the figure abo%e4 not dra6n to scale4 A+ B+

C+ and D are oints on a circle4 centre O and

radius =B mm7

Angle ADC I 2@<L4 angle OBA I xL and is

t6ice angle OBA7

Calculate:

a7 The siPe of angle OAB

b7 The length of the arc ABC in mm4

using

33

A

<7

In the figure abo%e4 not dra6n to scale4 the

#uadrilateral '0RS is inscribed in the circle

centre O4 'R asses through O7 The tangents

TP and TS are dra6n to the circle from T7

Angle RSV I 3@L7

Calculate4 gi%ing reasons4

i7

'0R

ii7 S'R

iii7 'ST

i%7 'TS

B:

B7

In the diagram abo%e4 not dra6n to scale4 T'

and TR are tangents to the circle at the oints P

and $ resecti%el!7 The angle S0R I =@L and

the angle S'T I ;@L7 The centre of the circle is

at O7 Calculate4 gi%ing reasons to suort !our

ans6er the siPe of:

i7 SRT

ii7

'0S

iii7 'SR

i%7 'TR

A7 The sum of the interior angles of a regular

ol!gon is 29@@L

i7 0o6 man! sides does this

ol!gon ha%eH

ii7 *hat is the measure of one of

its e"terior anglesH

iii7 *hat is the measure of one of

its interior anglesH

97

In the diagram abo%e4 not dra6n to scale4 O is

the centre of the circle and AO( is a diameter7

D is a oint on the circumference and F is the

midoint of the chord (E7

]

A@ ABE

7

i7 Calculate

]

BDE

ii7 Sho6 that and OFB AEB V V

are similar

iii7 Calculate

]

AOF

.,ote: State reasons and sho6 necessar!

6or)ing/

:7

In the figure abo%e4 not dra6n to scale4 '$S is

a straight line4

]

:< '0R 4

]

9; OR0 4 and

]

B@ TRS

7 Calculate the follo6ing angles

gi%ing reasons for !our ans6er

i7

]

'OR

ii7

]

'TR

iii7

]

T'0

i%7

]

O'T

2@7

In the diagram abo%e4 not dra6n to scale4 O is

the centre of the circle LMNT and 'T0 is a

tangent to the circle at T7 Gi%en that

]

B< LT0 4 calculate stating !our reasons the

siPe of:

i7

]

LMN

ii7

]

LNT

iii7

]

TLN

i%7

]

T'N

A@

227 $esit :<

In the figure abo%e4 not dra6n to scale4 'LMN

is a circle 6ith centre O7 the angle 1+, I =BL

and the angle M'L I ;3L7 Calculate gi%ing

reasons to suort !our ans6er the siPe in

degrees of the angles

i7 N'M

ii7 'ON

iii7 'LN

i%7 LMN

237 T6o angles are comlementar!7 One measures

AxL4 the other measures =xL7 *hat is the %alue

of xH

2=7

The diagram abo%e4 not dra6n to scale4 sho6s

T' and T0 as tangents to a circle from the

oint T7 The circle has centre O and the angle

OM0 I A@L

Calculate gi%ing reasons for !our ans6er 4 the

measure of

i7 angle 'O0

ii7 angle M'0

iii7 angle 'T0

2;7 8un :A

In the figure abo%e4 not dra6n to scale4 S$ is a

tangent to the circle7 The chords S, and 1P

intersect at '7 The chord 1'P roduced meets

the tangent S$ at $7 Angle S$P I 3BL4 angle

'1S I <3L and angle P'S I ABL7

a7 Calculate4 gi%ing reasons

i7 angle 1S'

ii7 angle $SP

iii7 angle SP,

b7 Gi%en that S$ I 23cm4 sho6 that the

area of

3

=:cm MRS to t6o

significant figures7

2<7 8an :A

In the diagram abo%e4 not dra6n to scale4 AY

is a tangent to the circle4 centre O7

;3 BA)

4

CD I C( and EA ZZ C(

i7 ,ame t6o angles4 each of 6hich

measures :@L

ii7 Sho6 that

3; CDB CBD 7 Gi%e

reasons

iii7 Calculate the siPe of

4 4 and CBA BAE DCE

A2

2B7 8un :9

The abo%e diagram4 not dra6n to scale4 sho6s

a circle assing through the oints +1,Q7

Gi%en

9< 4 A; and L4N 4NM

<; MLN 4 calculate gi%ing reasons for

!our ans6er4 the siPe of

i7 LMN

ii7

LN4

2A7

The abo%e diagram4 not dra6n to scale4 sho6s

a circle centre O touching the sides of triangle

YXW4 at A4 (4 and C7 Gi%en ;3 BAC and

297

2:7

3@7

327 The diagram belo64 not dra6n to scale4 sho6s

the oints P4 '4 $4 and S 6hich all lie on the

same circumference of a circle 6ith centre O7

ST is a tangent to the circle at S7 O'T is a

straight line7 The angle 'PS is =3L7

i7 Find the siPe of angle 'TS7 For full

mar)s !ou must gi%e reasons for !our

ans6er7

ii7 Find the siPe of angle '$S7 For full

mar)s !ou must gi%e reasons for !our

ans6er7

337

TRIGONOMETRY

A3

27

37 8un :B

The diagram belo64 not drawn to scale,

sho6s ABC and PCD are right angled

triangles7 Angle ABC I ;@L4 AB I 2@ cm4 PD

I 9 cm and BD I 2< cm7

Calculate4 gi%ing !our ans6ers correct to 2

decimal lace

i7 The length of BC in centimetres

ii7 The siPe of angle PDC in degrees

37 The figure belo64 not drawn to scale4 BC I <

angle BCD I ;@L and angle BDC is a right

angle

d

i7 Calculate the length in metres of BD

ii7 Calculate the length in metres of DC

iii7 Pro%e that the area in m

3

of the

triangle BDC is

;@ cos ;@ sin < 7 23

=7 A lane ta)es off at an angle of ele%ation of

2AL to the ground7 After 3< seconds the lane

has tra%elled a horiPontal distance of 3;@@ m

i7 Dra6 a s)etch to reresent the

information7

ii7 Calculate to 3 significant figures the

height of the lane abo%e the ground

after 3< seconds

;7 The follo6ing diagram sho6s a rectangular

sheet of metal4 ABCD4 suorted b! a %ertical

6all .shaded/4 6hich is at right angle to the

le%el ground OX7 AB measures = m and AD

measures 2@ m7 A is ; m abo%e O7

i7 Calculate the siPe of angle ODA

ii7 0ence4 calculate the siPe of angle

CDX

iii7 If CX reresents the height in metres

of C abo%e the ground4 calculate CX7

<7 In the diagram abo%e4 not drawn to scale4

OLN is a sector of a circle centre O and ON is

roduced to D7 Angle DLO I :@L4 Angle DOL

I =@L and DO I 97A cm7

Calculate

i7 the length of DL

ii7 the radius of the sector OLN

iii7 the area of the sector OLN

B7 A bo! standing on a %ertical cliff4 <@ m high4

is loo)ing do6n an angle of deression of

3@Lat a car7 0o6 far is the car from the base of

the cliffH

A7 The follo6ing diagram reresents a lot of

land4 LMNO4 not drawn to scale, in 6hich

LO I <7: m4 OM I 29 m4 MN I 2< m4 angle

OLM I :@L and the angle OMN I A;L

Calculate in metres

i7 the distance LM

ii7 the distance ON

iii7 the erimeter of the lot of land

97 The figure belo64 ,ot dra6n to scale4 sho6s

triangle LMO4 6ith height LN I 2@ cm4 LM I

A=

3B cm and angle LON I =<L

Calculate4 in cm

i7 MN

ii7 MO

:7 In the diagram belo64 not drawn to scale,

DEF is a triangle 6ith DE I 2<cm4 DF I

2@cm4 angle DEF I ;@L7 DX is erendicular

to EF7

Calculate

i7 The length in cm of DX

ii7 The siPe of the angle EDF

2@7 The diagram belo64 not drawn to scale4

reresents one face of a roof of a house in the

shae of a arallelogram EFGH7 Angle EFI I

;@L7 EF I 9 m7 EI reresents a rafter laced

erendicular to FG such that IG I < m

Calculate gi%ing !our ans6er to = significant

figures

i7 the length of FI

ii7 the length of EI

iii7 the area of EFGH

227 A %ertical ole stands on horiPontal ground7

From the to of the ole4 ! metres high4 the

angle of deression of a sot 2@ m from the

foot of the ole is 3<L7

i7 S)etch a diagram to reresent this

information4 sho6ing the ole4 the

ground and the measurements gi%en7

ii7 Calculate the %alue of !7

237 R

2=7

2;7

2<7

2B7

2A7

297

TRIGONOMETRY "

27 8un 9=

The dimensions of a lot of land4 A(C4 are

such that the angle (AC II;<L4 angle AC( I

A@L and (C I 3:@ m7

Calculate4 to t6o significant figures4 the length

of A(7

37 8un 9;

In the triangle A(C abo%e4 angle C is obtuse

and CD is erendicular to A(7 Pro%e that

sin sin

a b

A B

7

=7 8un 93

The traePium A(CD belo6 .not dra6n to

scale/ is a diagram of a lot of land such that

A( is arallel to DC7 DC I ;@ m (A I 2@< m4

C( I 9@ m and angle DC( I 2<@L

A;

Calculate to = significant figures

a7 the length of (D

b7 the area of A(CD

;7 8un 9A

In the arallelogram A(CD .not dra6n to

scale/4 A( I : cm4 (D I 2@ cm4 and the angle

(CD I ;;7;L

i7 Calculate to the nearest 6hole

number4 the siPe of the angle (DA

ii7 Csing the cosine rule4 calculate the

length of AD

<7 8an 9:

In the diagram abo%e.not dra6n to scale/4 A(

I 3@4 CD I =@cm4 D( I 3< cm and the angle

D(C I L

i7 Gi%en that

A

cos L I

3<

4 use the

cosine rule4 or other6ise4 to calculate

the length of AD to the nearest cm7

ii7 *rite do6n an e"ression for

sin BCD

in terms of and hence

sho6 that

;

sin

<

BCD

B7 8un :=

In the triangle A(C abo%e4 not drawn to

scale4 A( I ; cm4 AC I A cm and angle (AC

is 7

Gi%en that

3

sin @7B;

4 determine

i7 the e"act %alue of

3

cos

ii7 the %alue of

4 if :@ e e 29@

iii7 the length of (C4 correct to one

decimal lace7

A7 8an :A

The figure abo%e .not dra6n to scale/ sho6s

the rectangular co%er of a boo)7 The co%er is

23 cm long and 9 cm 6ide and is oened at an

angle of 23;

Calculate to one decimal lace

i7 The length of the diagonal of the

co%er

ii7 The distance bet6een the corners 1

and ,

97 8un @3

In the diagram abo%e .not dra6n to scale/ ST

I < cm4 T* I : cm and angle ST* I <3L

calculate

i7 the length of S*

ii7 the area of ST= V

A<

:7 8un 9<

TF is a %ertical flagole4 F4 1 and P are oints

on the same horiPontal lane7 T6o roes TP

and T1 are attached to the to of the ole7 The

angles of deression of 1 and of P from T are

B@L and ;@L resecti%el!7 TP I 2< m4 and T1

I 22 m4 and angle PF1 I ;<L7

Calculate the length of

a7 PF

b7 1P

2@7 8un 9A

The diagram abo%e .not dra6n to scale/ sho6s

ths angles of ele%ation of T4 the to of a

%ertical mast from the oints P and ' from the

same side of $ on a horiPontal lane7 P4 ' and

$ lie on a straight line7 P' I 3< meters4 angles

TP' and T'$ are <=72L and B;7BL

resecti%el!7

i7 Sho6 that the length of 'T is 2@@

metres to the nearest metre7

ii7 0ence or other6ise calculate the

height of the mast7

227 8an @2

The diagram abo%e .not dra6n to scale/ sho6s

a ole TF 23 m high4 standing on le%el

ground7 The oints A4 F4 and B lie on the same

horiPontal lane7

AB I ;73 m4

]

39 BTF 4 and

]

<@ TAF

7

] ]

and are right angles TFB TFA 7

a7 Calculate

i7 the lengths of FB and FA

gi%ing !our ans6er to three

significant figures

ii7 the siPe of

]

AFB 4 to the

nearest degree

iii7 the bearing of B from F7SS

b7 Gi%en that the area of triangle BTA

I3972 m

3

and AT I 2<7A m4 calculate

the siPe of

]

BTA

7

AB

237

AA

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