COM ISSUE 717 | FEBRUARY 17 - 23, 2014
D-Day looms in Dagon Seikkan
Thousands of illegal residents in Dagon Seikkan’s No 67 ward are refusing to move ahead of a February 16
deadline, and township ofcials say they expect conflict if residents are forced from their homes. NEWS 3
NEWS 4-5
Land speculation forces squatters out of Dala
Despite being just kilometres from downtown, Dala has traditionally had some of Yangon’s
cheapest land, enabling squatters to live there undisturbed for years. But with speculators
moving in and prices hitting US$50,000 a plot, illegal residents are being forced out.
Lit festival
moves to
hotel after
THE opening day of the Irrawaddy
Literary Festival descended into
confusion on February 14 after the
Ministry of Culture revoked per-
mission for organisers to hold the
event at Kuthodaw Pagoda at the
last minute.
Organisers were informed of the
decision at 6pm the previous even-
ing. They met briefly on the morning
of February 14 with surprised par-
ticipants and visitors at Kuthodaw
and announced the festival would
be switched to Mandalay Hill Resort
In a notice to organisers, the Min-
istry of Culture said Minister for the
President’s Ofce U Soe Thein had
personally given the organisers per-
mission to hold the event at Kuthodaw
but the ministry’s planning committee
revoked permission “according to the
correct procedures rather than by an
individual minister”. It directed fur-
ther enquiries to U Soe Thein.
The ministry said there is no re-
cord of any cultural events being held
at Kuthodaw Pagoda in the past and it
has no intention of allowing them in
the future. It expressed concern that if
it allowed the literary festival to take
place then it would get more requests
to hold events.
Following the venue switch, the
festival got underway slightly behind
schedule. Patron Daw Aung San Suu
Kyi was scheduled to appear on the
afternoon of February 15.
A child covers his face with a towel
in a house by the side of a road
in Yangon’s Dala township. His
adopted parents were forced to
move earlier this month after the
land on which they were illegally
staying was sold.
Black mark for local media
Bastion of journalistic integrity Eleven
Media played it fast and loose with the
facts in their reporting on the recent
robbery of Yangon-based Democratic
Voice of Burma journalist Alexandra
Fowle, using quotes that might have left
the average reader with the impression
that she’s naïve, has cowardly friends
and is perhaps a tad racist.
“At about half past nine, while I
was walking with my friend, a male
riding a bicycle hit me with his hand.
He appeared to have black skin and
was thin, shorter than me. After he
turned back to me he grabbed my
hands firmly. I told him not to do this.
When the robber took out a knife from
his waist, my friend ran away,” Eleven
Media quoted Ms Fowle as saying.
While she did tell police that the
man was shorter than her and slight,
she had described him as being of
Southeast Asian appearance. Ms Fowle
had a colleague contact Eleven to alert
them to the error, but the message
didn’t seem to have been passed on.
“I have never been abroad before. I
believed that Myanmar was safer than
England, so I took a walkabout”, Ms
Fowle also reportedly said, despite
having lived in Norway and Thailand.
It wasn’t just Eleven who mangled
the facts on this one, with one
outlet listing Ms Fowle’s name as
Mr Alexander Maung, and another
reporting that a necklace, which was in
her bag, was snatched from her neck –
and valued at US$100,000.
Ye Htut is dead (says Google)
As at the time of printing, a Google
search on Deputy Information Minister
and presidential spokesperson U Ye Htut
will yield an alarming result: that he’s
dead. In fact, for some reason the search
brief (which appears in the right side bar
and pulls information from Wikipedia)
lists just his title, and November 27, 2013,
as the date of his passing. However, U Ye
Htut is very much alive. His full Wikipedia
page bio lists him as being so. How the
error arose is unclear. Apart from U Ye
Htut’s fake death, November 27 is also
remembered as the anniversary of the
first university students’ strike in 1920.
Thaksin consults the stars
Fugitive former Thai premier Thaksin
Shinawatra made a stopover in
Myanmar last week, having a small
family reunion and paying a visit to his
longtime astrologer, ET.
Thaksin’s camp denied allegations
made by his detractors that the trip was
intended to facilitate talks on using an
area in Shan State as a military training
ground and logistics centre, saying he
was simply coming to make merit.
Daw E-Thi (most commonly known
as ET) is said to have telepathic powers
and the ability to see the future. She
suffers a severe speech impediment,
so her predictions are relayed through
her sister Thi Thi. Thaksin reportedly
visited ET days before the coup which
saw him ousted in 2006.
Breaking Laws: innocent victims of
An article last week in Foreign Policy
drew attention to the plight of men
called Stephen Law the world over,
following a blog post by a man of
this name complaining that he was
suffering under sanctions.
Indeed, Mr Stephen Law, a British
philosophy professor and author,
shares a name with Asia World
managing director Steven Law – son of
Lo Hsing Han, who died mid-2013 and
was once described as the “Godfather
of Heroin” by US officials.
The US Department of the Treasury’s
Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC)
lists nine aliases which apply to Steven
(Asia World) Law, including variations
on his Myanmar and Chinese names of
Tun Myint Naing and Lo Ping Zhong.
Stephen (Philosopher) Law described
his frustrations with international funds
transfers inexplicably taking a long
time or being denied, as well as having
shipments seized by customs, before he
tweaked as to what was going on.
That Mr Law posted his missive in
February 2014, when the sanctions
were levelled against Steven Law by
the US Treasury Department in 2008
and 2010, makes one question whether
life on the blacklist is so bad.
Curious as to how being hit with
sanctions has impacted other Stephen
Laws, Page 2 contacted a couple of
them over Facebook. An Australia-
based Stephen Law said he “hadn’t
noticed anything”, while another in the
UK shrugged it off saying sanctions
“hadn’t affected him personally” and
that if it did he would just “ask [his]
friends to transfer the money”.
Which is what anyone would do,
Next week: Taxi driver assaulted after
insisting on taking Anawratha during
peak hour despite clear advantages of
proposed alternative route.
THE INSIDER: The local lowdown & best of the web
Page 2
online editor Kayleigh Long |
Article (illegible) by sci-fi luminary HG Wells from postwar British publication
Burma To-Day, 1947.
When Myanmar was Burma...
Archival material provided by Pansodan Gallery
Jessica Dada
for NOW! magazine.
Photo: Jason (SENSE photography)
News 3 www.mmtimes.com NEWS EDITOR: Thomas Kean | tdkean@gmail.com
President promises
federal political system
PRESIDENT U Thein Sein has urged
all ethnic groups to work together to
establish a “federal system” of gov-
ernment, in one of the strongest in-
dications yet that his administration
plans to push through constitutional
amendments to give more rights to
ethnic groups.
In his annual Union Day message
on February 12, the president called
on all ethnic groups “to establish the
national unity based on the ‘Pan-
glong Spirit’ and then march toward
a peaceful, modern and developed
democratic nation through a federal
While many ethnic groups have
pushed for decades for a federal sys-
tem, the central government has al-
ways insisted that Myanmar be a un-
ion, with power concentrated in the
centre. The reference to the Pang-
long Agreement of 1947, the signing
of which is marked by Union Day,
also marks a break from the past.
The president said he believed
that “national unity and reconcilia-
tion” would lead to “an era of peace
and prosperity”, and urged all ethnic
minorities to contribute to the pro-
cess of democratisation.
The message was read by Vice
President U Sai Mauk Kham at a cer-
emony in Nay Pyi Taw on February
12 that was attended by more than
2300 guests.
At a ceremony in Yangon, mean-
while, the National League for De-
mocracy said political negotiation
rather than armed conflict is the
only way to achieve peace and sta-
bility. “Union cannot be created by
arms and orders; it must be created
through mutual understanding …
and working together with sympa-
thy and loving kindness,” the party
said in its Union Day statement on
February 12.
It marked the day with a ceremo-
ny at a Bahan restaurant that was
attended by patron U Tin Oo, senior
member U Win Tin, 88 Generation
members, diplomats and members
of the public.
U Tin Oo expressed confidence
that the government’s peace plan
could bear fruit and end decades
of conflict. “I believe that this time
the government and ethnic armed
groups can end 60 years of conflict
and can keep going to achieve na-
tional reconciliation.”
Union Day commemorates the
signing of the Panglong Agreement
between Bogyoke Aung San and eth-
nic leaders in eastern Shan State on
February 12, 1947.
Vice President U Sai Mauk
Kham gives an address on
February 12 to mark Union
Day. Photo: Hsu Hlaing Htun
Squatters refuse to go
as eviction date looms
THOUSANDS of illegal residents in
Dagon Seikkan township have vowed
to defy an order from local authori-
ties to leave their homes by the
weekend or face eviction – and even
jail time.
Almost 8000 squatters in Dagon
Seikkan’s No 67 ward were told by
the township General Administra-
tion Department to leave by Febru-
ary 12 but the deadline was pushed
back to February 16. The land they
are living on is owned by the region-
al government, the department said
in a notice.
The notice warned that those who
do not comply with the order could
face one month in prison under sec-
tion 21(1) of the Lower Burma Town
and Village Lands Act. They will even
be charged by the authorities for the
cost of demolishing their homes, the
notice said.
But residents told The Myanmar
Times last week they would not leave
“We are not moving,” said Ko San
Min Oo, who has lived in the ward
since 2004 and is its head firefighter.
“If our houses are destroyed, we’ ll
live on the ground. But if they arrest
us, we will go with them.”
He said he would not leave even
if ofered compensation, as his chil-
dren are studying for free at a nearby
monastic school.
Township administrator U Hnin
Aung said there is a real possibility
of violence if local authorities move
in to evict the squatters.
“We have seen the people who live
there are gathering knives. They said
that if somebody gets in their way,
they will fight,” he said on February
Department figures show there
are about 2500 illegal homes in the
ward. Most of the more than 7900
residents have arrived in the past
five years; only 592 homes were reg-
istered during the 2008 referendum.
U Hnin Aung said the owners
of the illegal homes had arrived in
the ward in the hope of securing
land compensation. “They’ve come
from the conflict in Rakhine State,
from areas of Kayan and Thongwa
[townships in Yangon Region] where
the riverbank has collapsed, from ar-
eas afected by Cyclone Nargis and
from upper Myanmar,” he said.
However, he also agreed that the
squatters had nowhere else to go.
“They stay here taking whatever
jobs they can. They depend on this
place and will be in big trouble if
they are removed,” he said.
Concerned about the possibility
of a forced eviction, residents have
established units of young men to
patrol the area at night. Most of the
residents have already packed up
their belongings so they can make a
quick getaway if the ofcials arrive.
But they have no idea where they
will run to. “I have no home to re-
turn to,” said Daw Mya Tha, who
moved to No 67 ward after her home
in the Rakhine State capital Sittwe
was destroyed in an outbreak of vio-
lence in 2012. “Where can I go?”
Some are hopeful that the im-
pending conflict can be avoided
through negotiation. Pyithu Hluttaw
representative for Dagon Seikkan U
Myo Aung, from the National League
for Democracy, said he had asked the
government for discussions on the
issue and also raised it in the parlia-
ment but received no response.
He suggested that township of-
ficials follow the lead of nearby
No 61 ward, where illegal resi-
dents were recently evicted but
given a 600-square-foot piece of
land in 138 ward and K200,000 as
“It is not against the law to move
the squatters but these people will
be homeless and in trouble if that
happens,” he said. “The government
should take care of this issue care-
fully and make alternative plans. It
is inappropriate to act in this way.”
Residents begin nightly patrols in Dagon Seikkan township ahead of a February 16
eviction deadline as township administrator admits the likelihood of violence is high
Estimated number of illegal households
in Dagon Seikkan’s No 67 ward
BP p.l.c., a company duly incorporated and existing under the laws
of England, of 1 St. James’s Square, London, SW1Y 4PD, England,
is the Owner of the following Trade Mark:-
Reg. No. 3908/1992
in respect of “Chemical products for use in industry; plastic for
industrial use; artifcial and synthetic resins; cleaning preparations;
detergents; oil dispersants; industrial oils and greases, lubricants;
hydraulic oils and fuids; fuels; metal working oils and fuids;
motor oils; gear oils; transmission oils and fuids; heat transfer
oils and fuids; quenching oils and fuids; corrosion preventive
oils and fuids”.
Fraudulent imitation or unauthorised use of the said Trade Mark
will be dealt with according to law.
Win Mu Tin, M.A., H.G.P., D.B.L
for BP p.l.c.
P. O. Box 60, Yangon
E-mail: makhinkyi.law@mptmail.net.mm
Dated: 17 February 2014
organized under the laws of Spain, of Plaza San Nicolas, 4, 48005
Bilbao, Espana, Spain, is the Owner of the following Trade Mark:-
Reg. No. 1892/2003
in respect of “Banking services, insurance services, fnancial,
monetary and real estate services”.
Fraudulent imitation or unauthorised use of the said Trade Mark
will be dealt with according to law.
Win Mu Tin, M.A., H.G.P., D.B.L
P. O. Box 60, Yangon
E-mail: makhinkyi.law@mptmail.net.mm
Dated:17 February 2014
In Loi Tai Leng, where the battle for Shan State continues
TO walk in a snaking path down the
middle of Loi Tai Leng’s main road is
to enjoy a geographic curiosity that
only border towns can produce. The
middle of the sloping track marks the
border between Thailand and Myan-
mar; a few steps is enough to cross
from one side to the other and then
back again.
“Fall that way,” one Shan State
Army-South ofcial said, pointing to-
ward Thailand and laughing, “and we
can’t help you.”
If you can find a map accurate
enough it will place the Thai-Myan-
mar border as running through these
densely forested hills. The fiercely
independent and ethnically proud
residents will tell you, however, that
the line does not separate Myanmar
from Thailand but the Tai (Shan) and
Further beyond the mountains is
the real Burma – residents reject the
use of the name Myanmar – but this
mountain outpost, you are constantly
reminded by the flags, the chatter of
Shan language, and the red and black
Shan State Army-South insignias on
the soldiers’ fatigues, is something
diferent: a place controlled neither
by Bangkok nor Nay Pyi Taw.
Since the early 2000s the town
has served as the headquarters of the
SSA-South and its political wing, the
Restoration Council of Shan State.
Before the SSA-South arrived “there
was just jungle, elephants and tigers”,
said Yawd Maung, the general sec-
retary of the group’s foreign afairs
RCSS/SSA-South chair Lieutenant
General Yawd Serk said that he chose
the area due to its strategic position
atop of a mountain ridge. The loca-
tion also provided space to set up a
training area for SSA-South troops,
which have proven a constant thorn
in the side of the Tatmadaw since the
army was founded in 1996.
The mountaintop position proved
its military worth in 2005 when the
neighbouring United Wa State Army,
under the command of Wei Hsueh-
kang, launched a major attack on Loi
Tai Leng.
According to the RCSS, the UWSA
was aided by 1000 Tatmadaw troops.
One ofcial with a macabre sense of
humour joked that the attackers pro-
vided a daily 4am “wake-up call” in
the form of exploding 120-millimetre
mortar rounds. But the combined UW-
SA-Tatmadaw forces retreated after 60
days in part, SSA-South ofcials say,
because of the difculty of fighting on
the steep mountainsides.
What started as a rough camp for
SSA-South soldiers who broke away
with Lt Gen Yawd Serk from Khun
Sa’s Mong Tai Army after it surren-
dered to the government in 1996
grew into a collection of small huts.
Over the past decade Loi Tai Leng has
expanded to include the families of
military ofcials and some civilians.
The exact population is difcult to
pinpoint as RCSS members come and
go, rotating between representative
ofces in Shan State and Thailand.
SSA-South soldiers are often training
or in the field. The army also refuses
to publicly discuss its troop numbers,
which the Myanmar Peace Monitor
estimates at more than 6000.
Houses have crept out along ad-
joining ridgelines to meet the needs
of the growing population. With more
residents, touches of civilian life have
appeared. AEC Supermarket, a simple
cinder block structure, sells house-
hold essentials to the wives of army
Of-duty soldiers wear shirts em-
broidered with the red eagle logo of
Freedom’s Way, a popular rock band
composed of military ofcers. Among
the group’s oeuvre of Shan national-
ist songs are tunes that denounce the
National League for Democracy as
Bamar-centric and call for greater re-
spect for human rights in Shan State.
Not short on marketing savvy,
Freedom’s Way also has its own brand
of energy drink.
In addition the RCSS provides so-
cial services with the help of some
NGOs and volunteers. In the town’s
clinic, visiting foreign doctors tend
to ailing patients. When I visited, the
school classrooms were doubling as
makeshift dormitories for teachers
from other parts of Shan State who
had made the arduous overland trip
to Loi Tai Leng to take part in a train-
ing course.
Some of the additions would not
be considered wholly essential. A dis-
tillery, one resident boasted, produces
rice whisky that despite its formida-
ble potency is so pure that even after
a night of overindulging you will be
hangover-free in the morning.
The town’s existence is still wholly
dependent on Thailand, from where
residents import essential goods –
everything from rice to petrol. The
Thai baht is the accepted currency.
The clocks are set to Thailand time to
avoid confusion, but this puts Loi Tai
Leng half an hour ahead of the rest of
A Royal Thai Army post looms
over the town. The RCSS built the
post but says that it gave it to the
Thai army last year as a gesture of
A large metal flagpole next to the
post now flies the Thai national flag
but in a bit of patriotic goading the
SSA-South has planted the Shan state
flag directly in front of the position.
“Tai and Thai: Historically we are
relatives of the same race. So our rela-
tionship is also like that of relatives,”
Lt Gen Yawd Serk told The Myanmar
Times during a visit to Loi Tai Leng.
Even as the town increasingly
comes to resemble a normal settle-
ment, life in Loi Tai Leng is not with-
out its hardships. The fine, choking
dust kicked up by the wind and pass-
ing trucks is inescapable. During the
rainy season the steep rutted roads
turn into mud slicks, requiring driv-
ers to put chains around their wheels
to gain traction. Water is scarce, espe-
cially in the dry winter months. The
electricity supply remains sporadic,
cutting out most afternoons.
Despite the hardships, for resi-
dents like Me Htaung Nge, 73, the
town is a safe haven after years in
the middle of a war zone elsewhere
in Shan State. Land to build homes is
given for free and the RCSS provides
rice subsides to residents who cannot
aford to buy their own food.
Originally from Pannukluk in
Mong Pan township, Me Htaung Nge
settled in Loi Tai Leng nine years
ago after crisscrossing Shan State Shan State Army-South soldiers parade on Shan National Day. Photo: Sam Jam
A Shan flag flies in front of Loi Tai Leng, the headquarters of the Shan State Army-South and its political wing, the Restoration Council of Shan State. Photo: Sam Jam
‘[In Myanmar] it’s
not good. Even if I
only had clothes, the
Burmese military
took them away.’
Me Htaung Nge
Loi Tai Leng resident
THE chair of the Restoration Coun-
cil of Shan State/Shan State Army-
South says he is not concerned about
increasing cooperation between the
Tatmadaw and Western military
In an interview with The Myan-
mar Times at the RCSS/SSA head-
quarters in Loi Tai Leng, eastern
Shan State, Lieutenant General Yawd
Serk said that he is confident that
the United States and the United
Kingdom will not fully support the
Myanmar military if “the norms of
human rights” are not respected.
“We are not worried about that
[engagement] because we believe
that America and the British are de-
mocracies and they respect human
rights,” Lt Gen Yawd Serk said on
February 7, the 67
anniversary of
Shan National Day.
Lt Gen Yawd Serk, 55, began his
fight for the independence of Shan
State from Myanmar at the age of
16, when he joined Sao Korn Jeung’s
Shan United Revolutionary Army
(SURA). He has been the leader of
the SSA-South since it was formed
in 1996. The group reached an initial
ceasefire with the government in De-
cember 2011.
Lt Gen Yawd Serk is one of the
first armed ethnic group leaders to
comment favourably on military-to-
military engagement, which so far
have consisted only of classroom-
based training sessions.
His comments came, however, the
same day as SSA-South and Tatmad-
aw soldiers clashed near Kyaukme
in northern Shan State. SSA-South
ofcials said four Tatmadaw soldiers
were killed in the skirmish but the
government has not publicly com-
mented on the incident.
The US took its first steps toward
reengaging the Tatmadaw in late Au-
gust 2013 when 20 Tatmadaw and
Ministry of Defence ofcials attend-
ed a two-day training session with
the US Defense Institute of Inter-
national Legal Studies (DIILS) that
focused on issues such as human
rights law and rules of engagement.
“This dialogue is consistent with
continuing eforts to build mutual
understanding in order to promote
human rights awareness, and pro-
mote the values and activities of a
modern, disciplined and respected
military that acts according to in-
ternational norms,” US ambassador
to Myanmar Derek Mitchell said in
a statement at the conclusion of the
In January the UK hosted an 11-
day seminar, “Managing Defence in
a Wider Security Context”, in Nay Pyi
Taw that was organised by lecturers
from Cranfield University and the
UK Defence Academy.
The US and the UK have in-
sisted that the classes will not im-
prove the tactical capabilities of the
Despite these reassurances and
promises to closely monitor the Tat-
madaw’s conduct, the US and the
UK have faced harsh criticism from
human rights groups and pushback
from members of their own political
parties for the training courses.
News 5 www.mmtimes.com
In Loi Tai Leng, where the battle for Shan State continues
Shan State Army-South chair
Lieutenant General Yawd Serk speaks
at a ceremony to mark Shan National
Day on February 7. Photo: Sam Jam
A Shan flag flies in front of Loi Tai Leng, the headquarters of the Shan State Army-South and its political wing, the Restoration Council of Shan State. Photo: Sam Jam
for years with her four children, try-
ing to flee the fighting between the
Tatmadaw and several armed ethnic
groups. Scarred by her experiences
at the hands of Myanmar soldiers,
she said she never plans to return to
“There [in Myanmar], it’s not
good. Even if I only had clothes, the
Burmese military took them away,”
she said.
Many of the town’s younger resi-
dents have arrived because their
families are too poor to keep them in
Sai Tha arrived in 2011 after his par-
ents were no longer able to care for him.
Instead, they gave him to an SSA-South
patrol, which brought him back to Loi
Tai Leng. The diminutive 13-year-old
said that after completing school he
hopes to be an English teacher.
Sitting in the school’s library play-
ing chequers, another student, Kyai
Won Maw, 15, said that Tatmadaw sol-
diers had routinely terrorised his vil-
lage, stealing food and supplies from
residents when they passed through
on patrol. His family decided to relo-
cate rather than live in fear.
While some have moved out of
necessity, others have come purely by
choice, drawn by the chance to help
advance the Shan cause.
Taung Mu Shwe, 37, left Shan
State to work in Malaysia in his 20s.
Though he entered Malaysia legally
he quit his job over a wage dispute
and lost his legal status. He was ar-
rested and placed in prison but was
later resettled in Sydney, Australia, by
the United Nations, and lived there
for 10 years. He came to Loi Tai Leng
last year with a renewed sense of
Shan pride – and a deep vocabulary
of Australian slang.
“I already tried chasing money,
bro,” he said of his decision to return
to Shan State. “Here, we can study our
own language and literature freely.”
Among the RCSS and SSA-S lead-
ership there is public support for
President U Thein Sein and the ongo-
ing peace process. In December 2011
the RCSS signed a ceasefire for the
first time. Lt Gen Yawd Serk has pub-
licly praised the president’s eforts to
bring about peace and the pair met
for the first time in June last year,
during the SSA-South leader’s first
visit to central Myanmar in decades.
“We believe that President Thein
Sein is an honest person,” Lt Gen
Yawd Serk said.
Distrust remains, but it stems
from the Shan leaderships’ deep scep-
ticism over whether the president has
control over the Tatmadaw.
“The ceasefire was signed between
the RCSS and the government, but
the clashes are between our troops
and the Burmese military. So we
think that there might be some prob-
lems between the Burmese govern-
ment and military.”
Because of these continued clash-
es, very little has changed for the
SSA-South foot soldiers in Loi Tai
Leng, despite the leaderships’ numer-
ous meetings with the government in
Chiang Mai, Nay Pyi Taw and Yangon.
On February 10, just three days
days after the town swelled with
revellers for a ceremony to mark the
67th anniversary of Shan National
Day, a new class of recruits prepared
to trek out of Loi Tai Leng for their
first day of training.
Shouldering ageing automatic
weapons, the soon-to-be soldiers
stopped to pose for photos with
friends before wading into the dec-
ades-old fight for the future of Shan
SSA gives cautious
backing to Tatmadaw’s
new international ties
Days that Loi Tai Leng withstood a
joint Tatmadaw-United Wa State Army
offensive in 2005
New govt visa
policy angers
A POLICY change at the Ministry
of Information that will see foreign
journalists given shorter visas and
placed under increased scrutiny has
raised concerns that the government
is trying to block negative coverage
of Myanmar.
Department of Personnel direc-
tor general U Ye Tint said last week
that foreign journalists would in
future be issued one-month visas
rather than the three months given
However, he denied that it was
because the government was un-
happy with foreign journalists, say-
ing the policy was part of a broader
government efort to stop foreigners
from overstaying their visas.
Journalists will also be required
to give more information when ap-
plying for a visa, including infor-
mation on what they plan to write
about and where they will travel. U
Ye Tint said the old questionnaire
featured five or six questions but the
new version will include up to 15.
Journalists and media organisa-
tions afected by the changes were
quick to draw links to the govern-
ment’s recent criticism of their cov-
erage of Rakhine State.
However, one journalist at a
foreign news outlet, who asked not
to be named, told The Myanmar
Times that the government had
made it clear the new restrictions
were a consequence of what it con-
sidered to be “irresponsible” cover-
age of sectarian violence.
U Kyaw Zwa Moe, editor of the
English edition of The Irrawaddy,
said the new policy is already being
used against his staf. Two foreign
editors based in Yangon were left
stranded in Thailand last week wait-
ing for new visas to be issued. “[The
approval process] is taking longer
than before,” he said.
He described the sudden policy
change as “questionable” and said it
showed “how easily any journalists
can be targeted” by ofcials in the
Ministry of Information.
“Obviously this new policy is
about restrictions against journal-
ists,” he said.
Another issue is the apparent
selective application of the policy.
Some media organisations that
employ foreign journalists said last
week they had not been informed
of any changes.
In an email to The Myanmar
Times, Deputy Minister for Informa-
tion U Ye Htut said the ministry had
“only reviewed and revised our pol-
icy on visa recommendations. The
policy of giving more access to jour-
nalists will not change.” He did not
respond to requests for clarification.
That parts of the government
have been displeased with recent
media coverage – particularly by As-
sociated Press and The Irrawaddy –
is clear, however.
On January 18, the state-run
mouthpiece New Light of Myanmar
published an article with the head-
line “AP, Irrawaddy falsely reports
violence occurred in Rakhine State”.
Constituency funding bill a step closer
Bus complaints hit a new record
BUS bosses have blamed “greedy” con-
ductors for overcharging passengers
last month after a record surge in com-
plaints. Speaking at a monthly press
conference last week, U Hla Aung, the
chair of Ma Hta Tha, the committee
that oversees buses in the city, said the
conductors had gouged the passengers
to make up for losses after buses were
taken of the road for repairs.
Complaints received in January
reached a record high, he said.
“As of January 31, we had received
84 passenger complaints for the
month, the highest ever. We welcome
these complaints, which keep us in
touch with what the public feels about
our service. Of these, 43 concerned the
collection of extra bus fares,” said U
Hla Aung.
The complaints mostly related to
the closure of some compressed natural
gas (CNG) filling stations on January
26, which caused delays in bus refuel-
ling. In order to make up the shortfall
in their earnings, some bus conductors
overcharged passengers, he said.
“On January 27, only 3500 buses
out of 3700 were running because
some CNG stations had closed for re-
pairs to their pipelines. But the bus
workers took advantage of this op-
portunity to put up the fares. Some
charged K700 for the route from Hla-
ing Tharyar township to downtown
Yangon,” said U Hla Aung. Other
passengers complained that they had
been charged K500 on a route whose
normal fare was K200.
“This was just greed,” said U Hla
Aung. “The conductors were worried
their earnings would decrease. We
hope passengers will continue to com-
plain so that we can try to do some-
thing about this.”
A Ministry of Energy spokesperson
declined to comment on the closure of
the CNG stations.
During January, Ma Hta Tha in-
spected 6447 buses and found 565 vio-
lations, resulting in the dismissal of 26
drivers and 24 conductors.
Formally known as the Yangon Re-
gion Supervisory Committee for Mo-
tor Vehicles, the body is commonly
referred to by its Myanmar-language
acronym, Ma Hta Tha.
A bus conductor helps passengers onto a bus in Yangon. Photo: Kaung Htet
THE upper house has passed a new
version of a Union Development Fund
bill after parliament made amend-
ments earlier this month to address
government concerns over its K33 bil-
lion constituency funding program.
The bill was passed 97 votes to 61,
with one abstention. All military MPs
voted against the bill, continuing their
close adherence to government policy.
Military MPs said they were un-
happy because the constituency fund-
ing program had been introduced be-
fore the legislation was enacted.
In November, MPs agreed to dis-
tribute K100 million to each of My-
anmar’s 330 townships in 2013-14 for
development projects, including road
maintenance and construction and
electricity and water provision.
“I welcome this bill because it is
intended to benefit citizens but it al-
ready took efect before enactment,”
one Tatmadaw representative said on
February 11. “Another issue is that the ...
funds are not used in accord with [the
government’s] financial procedures.”
Amyotha Hluttaw representative U
Myat Nyarna Soe said he agreed with
some of the points made by the Tat-
madaw MPs. “Their objection is mor-
ally correct … but as the speaker said,
the bill was already introduced under
parliamentary procedures so we can’t
restart from the beginning.”
The government has criticised the
program as unconstitutional, argu-
ing that by taking on administrative
duties MPs are failing to respect the
separation of powers enshrined in the
– Translation by Zar Zar Soe
‘Obviously this
new policy is about
restrictions against
U Kyaw Zwa Moe
English editor, The Irrawaddy
News 7 www.mmtimes.com
NLD cancels event after monks
object to Muslim speakers
A NATIONAL League for Democracy
public discussion to mark Union Day
was cancelled last week after a group
of more than 40 monks threatened to
disrupt the event because two of the
four speakers are Muslim.
The event in North Okkalapa
township was to feature lawyer U Ko
Ni and 88 Generation leader U Mya
Aye, who are both Muslim, as well
as writers U Than Soe Naing and U
Aung Thein, who goes by the pen
name Sinphyu Gyun Aung Thein.
The NLD cancelled the event be-
cause of security concerns after the
monks demanded U Ko Ni and U
Mya Aye be pulled from the bill, and
U Aung Thein and U Than Soe Na-
ing refused to press on without their
Organisers slammed local of-
ficials for letting the monks hijack
the event, which had received of-
cial permission. “We had permission
from the government but then this
unregistered organisation stopped
us from holding our event and the
authorities didn’t take any precau-
tions,” said U Myo Htut, the head of
the event’s organising committee.
“Under the 2008 constitution,
everybody has the right to freedom
of expression without being dis-
turbed by others … It just shows that
there is no rule of law.”
NLD secretary for Yangon Re-
gion U Tun Myint said the party had
done its best to negotiate with the
“We tried to negotiate as much as
possible. We are sorry for the audi-
ence because the talk had to be can-
celled,” he said.
U Ko Ni, a respected high court
lawyer, said the incident reinforced
the fact that religious extremism
would be a roadblock on the path to
“I’m really worried about the fu-
ture of my country because [these
monks] have discriminated against us
based on religion and [ethnicities],”
he said.
Ashin Susitta from the Patriotic
Myanmar Buddhist Monks Union
said his group did not want to stop
the talk from going ahead.
“We only want the best for our
national afairs, our religion and
our country – that’s why we are pro-
testing against these two Muslims
writers. We don’t want to stop this
literature talk,” said the monk, who
resides at Bahan township’s Bingalar
“We sent notices to the authori-
ties four days ago to ban these two
guys from speaking, as per the de-
cision of all of the monks from our
monk union.”
The North Okkalapa township ad-
ministrator could not be reached for
comment last week.
U Nanda Sapha from Aung Wad-
dy Monastery in North Okkalapa
said he had negotiated with the NLD
to ensure the confrontation did not
lead to violence. “I requested U Ko Ni
to forgive [the monks] and I admire
his dignity,” U Nanda Sapha said.
U Mya Aye also criticised the gov-
ernment for failing to protect their
right to speak, adding that such inci-
dent “can happen when we don’t un-
derstand each other”. “I don’t want to
blame [the monks],” he said.
NLD secretary for Yangon Region U Tun Myint (right) talks to Ashin Susitta
and others monks from the Patriot Myanmar Buddhist Union in Yangon’s
North Okkalapa township on February 12. Photo: Staff
Five new seismic stations planned
The government plans to set up five
new seismic stations later this year
with the support of the United States
Geological Survey to strengthen the
country’s seismic network, a Depart-
ment of Meteorology and Hydrology
official said last week.
Deputy director general U Kyaw Moe
Oo said the new stations will be set
up in Yangon, Mandalay, Haka in Chin
State, Homalin in upper Sagaing Rgion,
and Kengtung in eastern Shan State.
“Based on discussions with officials
from the United States Agency for In-
ternational Development over the past
week, the agreement will be signed
in about March,” he said. “Yangon and
Mandalay will be first. Each station will
get digital seismic monitoring equip-
ment that will help to provide more
detailed earthquake information in a
shorter period.”
Myanmar has 14 seismic stations, of
which six have already been upgraded
to digital systems. – Aye Sapay Phyu
MAI inks deal with Malaysia Airlines
A long-planned codeshare agreement
between Myanmar Airways Interna-
tional and Malaysia Airlines that was
derailed by economic sanctions has
finally been signed.
Under the agreement, those who
buy tickets with MAI will be able to use
them on Malaysia Airlines flights and
vice versa, spokesperson Daw Aye Mra
Tha said. The airlines will also cooper-
ate to establish direct flights between
Yangon and the Malaysian destinations
of Penang and Langkawi.
“We first agreed to do this in 2005
but because of the economic sanctions
put in place in 2007 the agreement was
cancelled,” she said. – Rosie
Party slams government ofcials for allowing Patriotic Myanmar Buddhist Monks Union to derail public talk
A new approach to services
MYANMAR is a country known for
excessive bureaucracy but President U
Thein Sein has promised to streamline
decision-making and improve deliv-
ery of public services. U Thein Sein is
focusing his eforts on administrative
reform – removing bureaucratic im-
pediments and corruption to ensure
that reforms translate into tangible
benefits for the broader population.
He has embarked on an ambitious de-
centralisation program that delegates
many public services to regional gov-
ernments, which now have the pivotal
responsibility of directly meeting the
basic needs of the people.
In addition to meeting these new
responsibilities, regional governments
are expected to act with greater ac-
countability and community partici-
pation. Unfortunately, the existing
capacities – human, institutional and
financial – of these governments are
rather weak and sometimes non-
existent. As a result, they cannot ad-
equately ensure efective delivery of
these services.
The government is in the difcult
position. It has to balance short-term
needs to provide services quickly and
efciently to poor and marginalised
groups without sacrificing its long-
term goal to reform local public in-
stitutions so that they are capable of
efectively delivering basic services to
all citizens.
The central government needs to
look into innovative ways of delivering
public service to citizens. Alternative
service delivery, or ASD, models pro-
vide the opportunity to rethink gov-
ernment services that have typically
been provided by the central or sub-
national governments. These alterna-
tive mechanisms ofer a creative and
pragmatic approach to improve the
delivery of public services to citizens
by sharing a variety of functions with
individuals, community groups, social
enterprises and the private sector.
New service delivery arrangements
break out from the traditional mould
of government by providing greater
autonomy and flexibility, and often
involve new partnering arrangements
and a desire to be more business-like.
Core functions of the government
need to be looked at to determine
if the public sector needs to deliver
these services directly or if there are
other ways to deliver them. The gov-
ernment has to decide what it can do
best with its limited resources while
allowing other sectors to deliver other
activities they can do better. Many
service areas may in fact be unique
to the government and be more
efectively delivered internally. But
where there are no compelling rea-
sons for direct delivery, the govern-
ment can pursue alternative models,
including greater involvement of civil
society and private sector. ASD op-
tions range from privatisation to “one-
stop shop”, where several departments
provide services to the public in the
same location.
Although they may not be referred
to as alternative service delivery, the
operating principles of ASD are al-
ready being used in a number of ways
in Myanmar. Due to the lack of state
provisioning of public services in
Myanmar over recent years, entre-
preneurial community-led models for
delivering basic services have become
the norm. Myanmar civil society has
become increasingly instrumental in
filling the holes of basic needs, such as
public health and education. In these
sectors, community-based groups and
especially monasteries have come
to fill the void for poorer sections of
society. In ethnic minority areas such
as Kachin State, church organisations
have played a similar if slightly difer-
ent role.
Service delivery is particularly
weak in rural, remote and border ar-
eas and as a result non-government
organisations and the private sector
provide the majority of health care
and education services. Poor quality
of public services has resulted in a
flight of citizens, even the poor, to the
private sector. For example, about 80
percent of health care visits take place
in the private sector. However, users
are vulnerable to financial exploita-
tion and low-quality services.
The private sector and public-
private partnerships are essential for
widening the spread of delivery of
public services. In Myanmar the pri-
vate sector plays an unusually strong
role in public service delivery and
has taken over many state functions.
The government has even trans-
ferred a number of government-
delivered services to private compa-
nies, including telecommunications,
ports, fuel distribution and gas/oil
production. It is likely that the gov-
ernment will try to privatise several
other sectors, such as water supply,
airports and railways, in future.
However, the involvement of the
private sector in public service de-
livery requires adequate regulatory
frameworks and systems be put in
place. These should set quality stand-
ards, levels of service, performance
monitoring and other conditions to
ensure efective and sustainable pro-
vision of basic services. In many cases
the government has privatised public
services with no checks and balances
in place. In future, the government
must ensure the integrity of the pro-
cess by establishing strict criteria for
the selection of assets, rigid guidelines
for the protection of public interest,
enforcement of a conflict-of-interest
policy and ensuring processes are
open to scrutiny by parliament and
the public. In order to succeed, how-
ever, the government will need very
diferent skills and organisational
structures to manage and administer
these new delivery methods.
Myanmar shows that alternative
service delivery is one of society’s
responses to a government that no
longer provides the minimum public
services needed by its citizens. Suc-
cessful models around the country
provide opportunities for the govern-
ment to replicate and scale them up
across the country. The major chal-
lenge for the government and the
donor community is identifying the
models that are workable on a larger
scale and then expand coverage and
mobilise adequate financial resourc-
A more enabling environment for
civil society and the private sector will
provide a strong platform for alterna-
tive service delivery growth and help
to rebuild the national social system.
There is a need to think about the fu-
ture role of the non-state actors and
the regulatory capacity needed to en-
hance as well as protect access, equity
and quality. Special focus should be
given to ensuring accountability be-
tween diferent relationships within
the service delivery chain, including
between people and providers, the
state and providers, and the people
and the state.
Henrich Dahm is an independent
government reform expert based in
Yangon who specialises in organisational
development, performance and change
management. He has 20 years of
experience in Southeast Asia.
Yangon residents wait for water deliveries during hot season. Photo: Kaung Htet
Alternative service
delivery is one of
society’s responses
to a government that
no longer provides
the minimum public
services needed by
its citizens.
Sun Quality Health network: an example of ASD
An innovative example of partnership
between the private sector and local
and international NGOs is the Sun
Quality Health network, which was
launched by Population Services
International (PSI) and the Myanmar
Medical Association in 2001.
The goal of the social franchise
system is to use the country’s
existing general practitioners
to provide high-quality health
services and products to low-
income communities. PSI provides
training, patient education material,
access to high-quality products and
supervision. In return, the private
providers commit to specified
service standards and a price
structure that gives them a small
profit but makes their services
affordable to people from low-
income communities.
The partnership has been
mutually beneficial as it has
improved the competency and
efficiency of each individual doctor
and the availability of quality services
to low-income clients. By working
with existing private practitioners the
network has been able to reach large
numbers of low-income families in a
short time.
According to PSI, as of December
2013 the network included 1554
clinics in 215 of Myanmar’s 330
townships, and 2057 rural village
health workers in 82 townships.
These facilities covered 70 percent of
urban areas and 30pc of rural areas.
– Henrich Dahm
The lack of government capacity means alternative approaches to providing essential services should be considered
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News 9 www.mmtimes.com
Chronicling a war that remains untold
HOW many Myanmar children really
know what happened on August 8,
It is an intriguing question, as
certain things appear to be of-
cially expunged from the national
The subject is especially topical
this week because it is the anniversa-
ry of one of the region’s most horrific,
and most forgotten, wars.
It began in the pre-dawn darkness
of February 17, 1979, when hundreds
of Chinese field-guns and rocket
launchers opened fire on Vietnam.
The barrage was so intense and
unrelenting that shells rained down
on the petrified civilians of Vietnam’s
northern provinces at the rate of one
a second.
When it stopped, 85,000 Chinese
troops stormed over the frontier and
tried to over-run Vietnam’s defence
forces in their fortified redoubts, tun-
nels and bunkers.
The initial human wave was a ca-
tastrophe for China, as its men were
blown up by mines and cut down by
batteries of machine guns.
So they pulled back, regrouped
and then attacked again using more
astute tactics with massive artillery
and tank support.
This time they prevailed and oc-
cupied a band of territory about 30
kilometres (19 miles) deep across the
entire north of Vietnam, reducing the
towns of Lai Chau, Lao Cai, Ha Giang,
Cao Bang and Lang Son to rubble.
Then they withdrew, having
achieved their objective of punish-
ing Vietnam for invading Cambo-
dia a month earlier to depose the
Khmer Rouge regime, which Beijing
The death toll in the 16-day war is
disputed, but Beijing claims Vietnam
lost 42,000 soldiers, and Hanoi says
62,500 Chinese troops perished.
Aside from the appalling carnage,
the most shocking aspect is that both
countries now actively suppress all
reference to it.
There will be no ceremonies this
week honouring the war’s dead. His-
tory books and military museums
omit all mention of it. And tomb-
stones make no reference to those
buried being victims of this idiotic
Of course, there are incidents that
spark a recollection of the conflict.
Six years ago, when visiting the
Railway Museum in Kunming, I saw
a small photograph of the destroyed
frontier bridge at Lao Cai. The cap-
tion said it was blown up in 1979
without further explanation.
And once, at a wedding in rural
Son La province, I asked the bride’s
father, a former military ofcer, if the
framed certificates were for service
in what the Vietnamese call “the
American War”.
“Not America,” he growled.
“China!” But then he refused to say
In some ways, Beijing is even more
robust in this regard, as shown by the
way it stops veterans commemorating
the war’s victims.
On February 17, 2009, the authori-
ties forcefully prohibited groups of
grizzled survivors in Shandong prov-
ince from gathering to mark the war’s
The organisers of the event were
placed under house arrest and one
of them later lamented, “We don’t
understand; we just wanted to mourn
our battle companions and share our
But that is precisely what the
Chinese authorities, like those in
Vietnam, do not want to happen. In
most other authoritarian regimes,
such as Myanmar until recently, it is a
similar story.
Try to imagine the Than Shwe
regime allowing a parade down
Sule Pagoda Road to mark the
victims of 8888. No, it would not be
Nor is it by the dictators in Beijing
and Hanoi, who seek to expunge
all memory of incidents that reflect
badly on them.
Referring to this state-enforced
amnesia, the Chinese writer Yan
Lianke noted, “Not a word is written
about how many Chinese or Vietnam-
ese died in the pointless war between
us in the late 1970s.”
He asserted that it was the goal
of all repressive regimes to keep
their people politically at the level of
In that way, they follow instruc-
tions and do not ask awkward ques-
tions – like what did happen on 8888?
He is right. And that is why this
region’s most bloody war of recent
years will go unmarked this week.
This photo from a Kunming museum shows a rail bridge linking Vietnam and
China that was destroyed in the 1979 war. Photo: Supplied/Roger Mitton
THE question of how to travel respon-
sibly in Myanmar has long loomed
over the country’s tourism sector.
For many years, Daw Aung San Suu
Kyi urged foreign tourists to impose a
tourism boycott, while countless com-
mentaries and blogs have grappled
with the question of how to travel the
country’s rural areas in a way that’s
both environmentally sound and sup-
portive of local communities.
Tourism numbers soared following
the nation’s opening in 2010, suggest-
ing that many have made peace with
this dilemma. However, the issue of
what constitutes ethical travelling is
perhaps even murkier today, as many
groups in-country have started using
the confusing term “ecotourism” to
describe destinations and itineraries.
The ambiguity of the term is high-
lighted by the fact that the Ministry
of Hotels and Tourism’s website lists
the Yangon Zoological Gardens as an
ecotourism site – but paying a small
fee to have your photo taken with an
Asiatic black bear that spends its days
chained to a park bench can hardly be
considered environmentally sound or
supportive of local communities.
In the private sector, the website of
the Yangon-based Myanmar Travel Ex-
pert tour company mentions the Hu-
kaung Valley Tiger Reserve in Kachin
State as an ecotourism destination,
making no mention of accusations
that hundreds of farmers have been
displaced from the reserve area, their
land now covered with cassava, tapi-
oca and sugarcane plantations owned
by the Yuzana Corporation.
According to Ivy Chee, the regional
director of the Pacific Asia Travel As-
sociation (PATA), despite “ecotourism”
being an increasingly popular term for
travel providers there is no precise,
widely agreed definition.
Ms Chee explained that playing fast
and loose with the word hardly makes
Myanmar unique.
“Across all of [Asia’s tourism mar-
ket], things are not being addressed
properly,” she said.
To that end, PATA and its interna-
tional partners plan to hold a confer-
ence in Manila in the Philippines next
month at which they will push to cre-
ate specific criteria for ecotourism –
ones that can be applied across Asia
and eventually the world.
“We will align our advocacy and
speak with one voice. We will have a
consensus,” she said.
Ms Chee said “real ecotourism” in
Asia will be successful “if you have a
benchmark system everyone can fol-
“If everyone comes up with their
own term, things can get messy,” she
PATA released a report last month
on sustainability in the tourism sector,
identifying trends and making recom-
mendations for the future.
“In tourism specifically, semantics
still cloud the idea of corporate social
responsibility through terms such as
‘ecotourism’, ‘responsible tourism’,
‘green tourism’, ‘sustainable tourism’
and so forth,” the report said.
“Perhaps neither semantics (nor,
arguably, motivation) surrounding
[corporate social responsibility] are
that important; rather what counts is
the end product – that collectively, we
are doing what’s right, doing it with
integrity, and, in the case of travel
and tourism and the visitor economy,
ensuring that the very reason behind
why we travel does not disappear.”
HOMESTAYS are an increasingly
popular way for travellers to im-
merse themselves in a foreign cul-
ture, and many countries, including
in Southeast Asia, encourage such
travel as a means of developing lo-
cal economies.
Myanmar, however, is far behind
the curve in this regard, as the gov-
ernment does not ofcially allow
foreigners to spend the night in the
homes of villagers.
One of the main benefits of
homestays is that they allow people
from diferent cultures to meet and
learn from one another, but U My-
int Tun Oo, the deputy director of
the Ministry of Hotels and Tourism,
sees this as a potentially negative
aspect of the concept.
“The government doesn’t al-
low homestay tourism in Myanmar
because of the diferent cultures,
languages and living standards
between villagers and tourists,” he
told The Myanmar Times.
“We need to educate villagers
who lack knowledge of homestay
tourism. If we allow it now, there
will be unnecessary problems and
misunderstandings between tour-
ists and villagers.”
U Myint Tun Oo said the min-
istry is currently writing guide-
lines and holding workshops for
homestays, but he was unable to
say when they would be ofcially
While not enthralled by the con-
cept of cultural exchange, U Myint
Tun Oo was efusive about the eco-
nomic benefits.
“If homestays become popular in
Myanmar, the villages where tour-
ists go will improve and get many
benefits. Tourists will buy the prod-
ucts of the village, so the more tour-
ists that come, the more it will ben-
efit the villagers,” he said.
According to U Thet Lwin Toe,
vice chair of the Union of Myanmar
Travel Association (UMTA), there
is more to homestays than just eco-
nomic benefits.
He said they would facilitate the
sharing of “knowledge and experi-
ence between tourists and villag-
ers”, which would help Myanmar
become better-known to the world.
He also said there would be edu-
cational benefits.
“The main target of homestay
tourism is the local community,
which means local or international
students could stay with a family
while studying and writing their
thesis about life in ordinary villag-
es,” he said.
U Thet Lwin Toe added that he
thought homestays would be more
appropriate for package tours than
for independent travellers.
“Our country should open for
homestay tourism, but first we need
to train people so the tours are op-
erated systematically,” he said.
Tourism ministry slow
to embrace homestays
A cabin overlooks the hills near Natmataung (Mount Victoria) in Chin State. Photo: Douglas Long
Defning ecotourism
remains problematic
Popa Mountain Park in Mandalay Region offers opportunities for hiking, horseback
riding, birdwatching and other outdoor activities. Photo: Douglas Long
‘If everyone comes
up with their own
term, things can get
Ivy Chee
Pacific Asia Travel Association
‘We need to educate
villagers who
lack knowledge of
homestay tourism.’
U Myint Tun Oo
Deputy director,
Ministry of Hotels and Tourism
THE International Crisis Group has
called on the government to amend
the census to remove “needlessly an-
tagonistic and divisive” questions,
including those focusing on ethnic-
ity, religion and citizenship status.
The Brussels-based think tank
said the topics should be postponed
until “a more appropriate moment”
to avoid inflaming tensions during
and after the census, which will be
conducted from March 29 to April
“A poorly timed census that
enters into controversial areas of
ethnicity and religion in an ill-con-
ceived way will further complicate
the situation,” it said in a conflict
alert published on February 12.
Of particular concern is the
prospect that the census will show
a much larger Muslim population
than when the last count was taken
in 1983. The group said there were
“strong indications” that the Muslim
population in 1983 was more than 10
percent but a “political decision” was
taken by the U Ne Win government
“to publish a more acceptable figure
of 4pc”, which has since become the
widely accepted figure.
“The results of the current census
could therefore be mistakenly in-
terpreted as providing evidence for
a three-fold increase in the Muslim
population in the country over the
last 30 years, a potentially danger-
ous call to arms for extremist move-
ments,” the ICG said.
Similarly, ofcially recognised
ethnic minorities have complained
about the categories for responses
on ethnicity, which in some cases
create too many ethnic subgroups
and in others lump together groups
that are not ethnically or linguisti-
cally related.
The proposed census includes 41
questions. While praising the gov-
ernment for its technical and ad-
ministrative preparations, the think
tank said the number should be sig-
nificantly scaled back because of the
potential political risks.
“There is still time to adjust the
process by limiting the census to
just the key demographic questions
on age, sex and marital status – that
is, the first six questions on the cen-
sus form. This will provide the most
important data without touching at
this stage on the controversial issues
of identity and citizenship.
“The limited technical complica-
tion of adjusting the process pales
into insignificance when placed
against the much larger risk – to
the very fabric of Myanmar society
at this delicate stage in the country’s
transition – of proceeding with the
current, ill-thought-out process.”
News 11 www.mmtimes.com
Govt rules out
extra security
during census
THE Ministry of Immigration and Pop-
ulation says no extra security will be
dispatched to Rakhine State to main-
tain order during the national census,
which begins next month.
Minister for Immigration and
Population U Khin Yi said that citi-
zens may be too intimidated to talk to
enumerators if there is a heavy secu-
rity presence and this would skew the
data. “If we use security … we won’t get
exact data for the census. So, we don’t
use security,” he said at a press confer-
ence in Yangon on February 10.
The minister said he did not expect
any unrest or other difculties that
could disrupt the census but did con-
cede that “conflicts and language bar-
riers” have previously been an issue in
Rakhine State.
While it has aroused controversy
and debate in many parts of the coun-
try, the census is particularly sensitive
in Rakhine State, where hundreds of
thousands of Muslim Rohingya are not
able to access citizenship. Many insist
that the Rohingya are illegal immi-
grants from Bangladesh.
Previous attempts to count sections
of the Muslim population in Rakhine
State have led to conflict. On April 26,
2013, a state-level immigration ofcial
was attacked after he tried to make res-
idents of an IDP camp near Sittwe reg-
ister as Bengalis, rather than Rohingya.
The incident led to several arrests.
However, Ministry of Immigration
and Population ofcials told The My-
anmar Times last week that they are
confident both the Rakhine and Mus-
lim communities will “actively” partici-
pate. “Both Rakhines and Bengalis are
enthusiastic about taking the census,”
said U Myint Kyaing, director general
of the Department of Population.
In an efort to put respondents at
ease, U Khin Yi said enumerators –
mostly local schoolteachers – would
be accompanied by community lead-
ers and volunteers who can speak lo-
cal languages. He also reafrmed that
respondents would be able to self-iden-
tify as Rohingya if they wish.
At a press conference in late Janu-
ary, a ministry ofcial said all relevant
government departments are cooper-
ating to ensure the census proceeds
without conflict in Rakhine State.
“There are not likely to be any difcul-
ties,” director U Nyi Nyi said.
The census will be conducted from
March 29 to April 10. The Ministry of
Immigration and Population expects
to release the results to the public in
early 2015.
Call for ethnicity, religion sections
to be dropped from questionnaire
A resident watches as black smoke rises from burning houses in Meiktila on
March 21, 2013. More than 40 people were killed in the riots. Photo: AFP
More ethnic groups express concern over minority codes
MORE ethnic groups have voiced con-
cerns about the system of identifica-
tion codes to be used in Myanmar’s
first nationwide census for decades.
The census will be used, among other
things, to establish the size of ethnic
groups in various localities, and could
have electoral and economic develop-
ment implications.
The groups have been meeting to
establish a common position on the
codes for the country’s 135 distinct
nationalities, though some groups say
they have not been allocated a code.
The Chin National Action Commit-
tee on Census 2014, which was formed
last month by political parties, social
groups and scholars in Chin State to
look out for their group’s interests, is-
sued a statement on January 27 on the
impact the census could have on their
group and others. The group urged
Chin people to identify themselves
with the code 401 when filling in the
census form, and asked authorities to
“correct” forms if they are completed
The Palaung State Liberation
Front (PSLF) has objected to the list-
ing of the Ta’aung – another name for
the Palaung – as a Shan sub-group
because the two are not related eth-
nically or linguistically. And Khumi-
language media are advising Khumi
readers, a Chin subgroup, to identify
themselves as “Khami” (code 405),
which they say is a misspelling of
their ethnic name.
The Zomi Congress for Democ-
racy has urged Zomi, who live in and
around Chin State, to declare them-
selves as “Other” and self-identify
because there is no code for Zomi.
In a letter to Pyidaungsu Hlut-
taw Speaker Thura U Shwe Mann,
23 Kachin civil society groups have
called for the postponement of the
census to allow for a discussion of its
system of categorisation.
One group lobbying to have its
ethnicity recognised not only in the
census but also on identity docu-
ments such as national registration
cards is the Red Shan, also known
as the Tai-Leng, whose members live
mostly in Kachin State and Sagaing
“Ethnic groups that have a code in
the census should identify themselves
by the appropriate number. But those
who do not should mark themselves
as ‘Other’, plus [write in] the eth-
nic name,” U San Pyae, an Amyotha
Hluttaw representative from Kachin
State’s Mogaung township told par-
ticipants in a public meeting at Man-
dalay’s Hopin Monastery.
In Kachin State, the Shan ethnic
groups Shan Gale, Tai-Lai, Tai-Len
and Tai-Lay have been allocated the
code numbers 821, 827, 828 and 830
RESTRICTIONS on Myanmar’s me-
dia suggest reforms in the sector may
have “run out of steam”, watchdog
Reporters Without Borders (RSF)
said last week in its annual report on
global press freedom.
Although Myanmar rose 18 posi-
tions in the group’s Press Freedom
Index for 2013 to 151
– above Laos
and Vietnam, and just behind Cam-
bodia and Singapore – RSF painted a
largely pessimistic picture of the me-
dia landscape.
The group said international hu-
man rights NGOs are “beginning to
worry” that media reforms are slow-
ing down as the government strug-
gles to resolve sectarian and ethnic
“The government and parliament
kept the promises made in 2012 to
end prior censorship and grant more
freedom to the media and media or-
ganisations. But the promise to draft
media legislation that complies with
international standards has not been
kept,” it said.
A draft media law submitted to
parliament in March 2013 but not yet
approved would place “unacceptable
restrictions of media freedom”, it said.
The Printers and Publishers Enter-
prise Law, drafted by the Ministry of
Information, has attracted criticism
both at home and abroad and MPs
have made a range of amendments. It
is expected to be approved by parlia-
ment in the coming weeks.
While international media groups
are providing training for many jour-
nalists, including at state-run media
outlets, the report said the law was
submitted without any consultation.
“The printing and publications law
and the latest draft of a proposed
broadcast media law also reveal gov-
ernment ambivalence about real re-
spect for fundamental rights.”
The Ministry of Information could
not be reached for comment.
RSF did, however, stress the signif-
icance of Myanmar’s media reforms
in the context of Southeast Asia,
where its report said media freedom
was backsliding.
According to the report, both au-
thoritarians and activists in neigh-
boring countries are watching the
nation with “great interest”.
“The governments and population
of [ASEAN] are following the devel-
opment of a new regional model of
governance in Burma, a model that is
still far from proving itself. Will Bur-
ma become Southeast Asia’s bench-
mark for positive change in freedom
of information? This remains to be
12 News THE MYANMAR TIMES FEBRUARY 17 - 23, 2014
Myanmar rises in press freedom ranks
Demand for ‘Unity’ soars after arrests
THE arrest of four journalists from
local weekly Unity - along with the
paper’s chief executive ofcer - over
a report alleging the military is run-
ning a chemical weapons factory has
sent interest in the journal soaring,
journal sellers in Nay Pyi Taw said
last week.
The report into the factory was
published in late January and the pa-
per’s staf were arrested on January
31 and February 1 under the state se-
crets act. The report and subsequent
arrest have sparked debate not just
about media freedom but also jour-
nalism ethics, with some questioning
whether Unity was right to publish
the report.
The journal has clearly benefited
from the ensuing scandal, however.
“Before I took only one Unity
journal but always had to return it
because there were no buyers,” said
Ma Ei Shwe Sin, who sells journals in
Myomya Market. “Now three or four
people come and ask every day … They
even ask for old issues of Unity.”
Journal seller Ko Soe Min reported
a similar trend. “Ninety percent of
people are asking for Unity journal,”
he said.
Normally, he takes just three cop-
ies of Unity for a week. “Now I’ll get
as much as I can – at least 50 copies
a week,” said the 27-year-old, who mi-
grated to Nay Pyi Taw a year ago from
Meiktila to find work.
“As a vendor, I want to sell the
journals that readers are interested in
because the more I can sell, the more
money I make and can send back
Ma Khin Myo Nwe, who has sold
journals in Pyinmana for six years,
said there is now “a lot” of interest
in Unity. “Most [customers] take out
their phones and say they want ‘this
journal’. Most of them don’t know the
name,” she said.
Meanwhile, several distributors
and vendors said they had been ap-
proached by a person on January 31
and February 1 who asked to buy all
“He came on Saturday but I’d sold
all copies on Friday,” said Ko Lin from
Thawdarsan distribution in Pyinma-
na. “He said he wanted to get all the
copies of Unity that I had. He was not
in uniform but I think he was from the
In Myoma Market, Ma Ei Shwe Sin
had a similar experience. “A man came
around on Friday morning buying all
copies of Unity from every shop here.
He seemed in a rush and very intent
on getting all of them. I think he got at
least 50 copies that day.”
Copies of Unity journal on sale in Yangon earlier this month. Photo: Aung Htay Hlaing
But concern remains that media reforms have stalled, as long-awaited legislation to enshrine press freedom is yet to be approved by parliament
Bucking the regional
trend in press freedom
Brunei 122 3
Indonesia 139 7
Cambodia 143 26
Malaysia 144 23
Philippines 147 7
Singapore 149 14
Myanmar 151 18
Laos 168 3
Vietnam 172 0
Davidof & Cie SA, a company organized under the laws of
Switzerland carrying on business as Davidof & Cie SA and having
its principal ofce at 2, Rue de Rive, CH-1200 Geneva, Switzerland
is the owner and sole proprietor of the following Trademark:-
Myanmar Registration Numbers
4/1481/1997 & 4/9342/2013
Used in respect of:
Tobacco products, smokers’ articles, matches and further products
of International Class 34.
Any unauthorised use, imitation, infringements or fraudulent
intentions of the above mark will be dealt with according to law.
Tin Ohnmar Tun & Te Law Chambers
(For. Meisser & Partners AG, Germany)
Dated: 17
February, 2014
News 13 www.mmtimes.com
USDP rep under fire
for land confiscations
A REGIONAL hluttaw MP is in hot
water over a land dispute in the
Ayeyarwady delta. Two farmers
who say they lost 16 acres to Union
Solidarity and Development Party
MP U Nyein Myaing have sent a
complaint letter to President U
Thein Sein, Pyidaungsu Hluttaw
Speaker Thura U Shwe Mann and
the region’s chief minister.
The dispute erupted on January
6 when land in Pantanaw township
was allocated to U Nyein Myaing
for a fish farming project, accord-
ing to the complaint letter. It said
many farmers had lost land to his
business but they were too afraid
to complain.
“They told me that this project
was permitted by the regional gov-
ernment but they couldn’t show
me any paperwork,” said Daw Ohn
Htay, one of the farmers who sent
the complaint letter.
Ko Thu Zaw, a local activist
assisting Daw Ohn Htay and the
other complainant, said U Nyein
Myaing had been involved in
many land disputes prior to the
2010 election. Meanwhile, U Tin
Win, chair of the township farm-
ers and fishermen union for Pan-
tanaw, said about 700 farmers
protested last year because they
had lost their land to U Nyein
Myaing. The dispute was eventu-
ally solved through negotiation
with the regional government, he
“The farmers don’t have land
for their livelihood. They have no
education so if they lose the right
to run their farms their lives are
broken. I think there will be many
problems unless this situation is
resolved,” U Tin Win said.
However, U Nyein Myaing de-
nied the accusations he had taken
the land from the farmers and
warned he would press charges
against those who trespass on his
new holdings.
“They don’t own this land. It is
vacant land. The [Ayeyarwady Re-
gion] chief minister has given me
34 acres to use … But the farmers
trespass on my land so I’ll have to
sue them.
“I’ve got all the paperwork.
The land was held previously by
Yuzana company and they distrib-
uted it to us because they couldn’t
use it.
“They can complain to anyone
but I am right. If they can show
any evidence [of ownership] I’ll
give land to them free of charge.”
Farmers collect paddy seedlings from flooded fields to replant in Ayeyarwady Region. Photo: AFP
bribes to
appear: MP
‘They can complain
to anyone but
I am right.’
U Nyein Myaing
Ayeyarwady Region Hluttaw MP
police, forensic physicians and other
experts are colluding with judges to
extract bribes from defendants and
Pyithu Hluttaw representative for
Amarapura U Thein Tun Oo said the
ofcials are ignoring summons notic-
es until those who would benefit from
their testimony pay up.
Rather than charge the ofcials
with failing to appear in court, U
Thein Tun Oo said judges are “pres-
suring” defendants and plaintifs
to get the case moving forward – by
handing over money.
He asked whether the Supreme
Court was aware of the practice
and whether any ofcials had been
charged under section 172 of the
Penal Code for failing to abide by a
summons, which carries a potential
one-month jail term. He also asked
whether any judges had been repri-
manded for pressuring defendants
and plaintifs to pay bribes.
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court
U Mya Thein said he was unaware
that this was happening and no of-
ficials have been charged under sec-
tion 172.
He said that while a court can di-
rectly summon most witnesses, if the
witness is a government ofcial it has
to send the summons to their superior.
“A police ofcer who has filed a
charge has to appear in court when
the head of the police station tells
them to. But I don’t know if there
have been cases where the ofcer
failed to appear in court,” U Mya
Thein said.
On judges pressuring litigants to
pay bribes, he said, “We don’t know
about judges putting pressure on liti-
gants instead of summoning the rel-
evant ofcials directly. We have only
known about it after you discussed it
[in the Pyithu Hluttaw].”
– Translation by Thiri Min Htun
Review of
human rights
body begins
A REVIEW of a controversial ASEAN
human rights commission got under-
way last week but activists say they re-
main sceptical that Myanmar can use
its chairship in 2014 to strengthen the
Regional ofcials gathered at Park-
royal Hotel in Yangon from February
8-11 to review the terms of reference of
the ASEAN Intergovernmental Com-
mission of Human Rights, which has
been criticised as toothless and inefec-
tive since its creation in 2009.
The commission said in a statement
released following the meeting that the
commission has scheduled a series of
consultations to assess its work and get
feedback on ways to improve the body.
These recommendations will be sub-
mitted to the ASEAN foreign ministers
for approval.
The statement also said the com-
mission has begun discussion on the
drafting of a convention on the preven-
tion and elimination of violence against
women and children.
U Aung Htoo, deputy director gen-
eral of the foreign ministry’s ASEAN
Afairs Department, said that under
Myanmar’s leadership the review of the
terms of reference could bring about a
more efective rights commission.
But Indonesian human rights activ-
ist Yuyun said ASEAN used the human
rights mechanism to shield its mem-
bers’ rights record from international
scrutiny. Ms Yuyun called on Myanmar
to use its chairship to strengthen the
“AICHR’s weaknesses are by design
from the beginning. It has no mandate
… to investigate, monitor and receive
complaints on human rights,” she said.
“It is very important for Myanmar to
ensure that the review is to strengthen
the protection mandate rather than
dilute [it].”
Activist Ma Wai Wai Nu said Myan-
mar could not take the lead on women’s
rights as chair of the commission while
women in ethnic areas were still sub-
ject to abuse. “Sexual violence, espe-
cially rape and other forms of harass-
ment, is occurring with total impunity
around the country,” she said.
14 News THE MYANMAR TIMES FEBRUARY 17 - 23, 2014
UN begins outreach to
counter anti-NGO anger
Ban on protest against minister
Residents of Pyin Oo Lwin have
been blocked from staging a
protest calling on the govern-
ment to sack Minister for
Livestock, Fisheries and Rural
Development U Ohn Myint, who
was recently caught on camera
making controversial remarks to
villagers in rural Magwe Region.
The township police force
blocked the application to
demonstrate on the grounds
that the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw, or
national parliament, has raised
the issue and the government
has promised to investigate. The
protest would also cause traffic
congestion and public annoy-
ance, police said.
On January 28 U Ohn Myint
was caught on video telling vil-
lagers that he planned to have
the government’s critics thrown
in jail. He also said he was
“brave enough to slap anyone in
the face”.
Protest organiser U Ko Gyi
said he was disappointed by
the decision, particularly given
township officials had verbally
indicated they would allow the
march. Between 70 and 100
participants had planned to hold
posters calling for U Ohn Myint’s
“A minister who was elected
by the people insulted the pub-
lic,” U Ko Gyi said. “If he slaps
the face of the public, he should
get hit back twice.” – Si Thu
Lwin, translation by Zar Zar Soe
THE UN Ofce for the Coordination of
Humanitarian Afairs marked Union Day
in the Rakhine State capital Sittwe with
an outreach program aimed at educating
the public about the work of NGOs and
UN agencies.
At the invitation of local and state
authorities, UNOCHA set up a booth on
February 11 to display photos and dis-
tribute leaflets showcasing humanitar-
ian and development initiatives being
undertaken by various organisations in
communities and IDP camps. OCHA staf
were on hand to talk to people and an-
swer questions.
The booth aimed to combat the rising
tide of anti-NGO sentiment in Rakhine
State, which has seen protests take place
in recent months in Sittwe and Pauktaw
“This is part of an efort to be more
transparent about our work ... and im-
prove the understanding of the hu-
manitarian response and development
projects across the state,” said UNOCHA
public information and advocacy ofcer
Pierre Péron.
“[Anti-NGO sentiment] has created a
difcult environment for humanitarian
work and in some areas it is afecting the
ability of international actors to provide
assistance to ... vulnerable communities.”
Mr Peron said UNOCHA believed the
outreach efort had been successful and
would look to set up similar displays in
other townships in Rakhine State.
“Many [visitors] have never been inside
these camps and did not know what the
situation is like for people living in them.”
Rakhine State Chief Minister U Hla Maung Tin (left) visits a booth set up to show the
work of UN agencies and NGOs in Sittwe on February 11. Photo: Supplied/UNOCHA
law delayed
MPs have agreed to delay approval
of a planned electricity law so the
government can get more input
from the World Bank, a leading par-
liamentarian says.
“Last week, [the Pyithu Hluttaw]
was about to discuss the electric-
ity law but the Ministry of Electric
Power requested us to suspend the
process to get additional comments
from the President’s Ofce based on
suggestions from the World Bank,”
said U Thein Lwin, secretary of the
Pyithu Hluttaw Natural Resources
and Environmental Conservation
Further talks are expected to
take place between the parliament
and the ministries of electric power
and industry over the bill, U Thein
Lwin said.
A senior government ofcial,
meanwhile, rejected a recent report
that the bill had been put of be-
cause of a dispute between the elec-
tric power and industry ministries
over pricing.
“The two ministries cannot
negotiate [a solution] on matters
related to electricity charges. The
hluttaw will suspend the bill,” said
the report in Freedom Daily.
But U Khin Maung Win, deputy
director general of the Department
of Electric Power, said this was
“There are no disagreements be-
tween the ministries,” he said. “The
law is almost finished. There are
just a few more good points left to
add based on the recommendations
from the World Bank.”
The Ministry of Electric Power
began drafting the law in collabora-
tion with the World Bank and Asian
Development Bank about two years
The new law would replace the
1984 Electricity Law, which was
most recently amended in 1990.
IT Specialist (Outsource Support Service)
ADB's Myanmar Resident Mission (MYRM) is seeking the services of a frm with information technology expertise
to provide service and support to our offce’s workstations, network, and communications in the main offce in
Nay Pyi Taw and the liaison offce in Yangon.
The frm will provide the following services, in cooperation with our headquarters IT staff:
• Maintain data and mail servers
• Ensure back-up of data and facilitate MYRM local area network (LAN) administration;
• Maintain computer hardware and software, as well as other offce equipment;
• Troubleshoot commonly encountered software problems;
• Introduce and recommend newly developed computer software to the offce and train staff in the use of the software as
well as other IT-related skills;
• Assist in the testing and evaluation of software functionality and applicability to ADB needs under the direction of OIST
OIID Customer Support Team ;
• Prepare, develop and maintain technical documentation on problem resolution to a knowledge database;
• Prepare quick guides/procedure in operating new equipment, software etc.;
• Act as the focal point of all IT related activities;
• Provide professional advice in matters related to procurement and management of IT equipment
• The services will be rendered 4 hours/day x 3 days/week - Monday, Wednesday and Friday from 8:00 am to 12:00 pm
Qualifcations and Experience:
• Candidate must possess a Bachelor's/College Degree in Computer Science/Information Technology/Engineering and
preferably with IT related certifcation
• Must be profcient in microcomputer hardware, software and various operating systems
• Must be profcient in word processing, spreadsheet, graphics, databases and other related offce tools and utilities
• Knowledge and experience of network administration, support for management of hardware and software platforms,
knowledge of Windows-based packages/applications
• Windows Server 2003/2008 technical support; Windows XP, Windows 7 and user productivity tool support and local area
• Lotus Notes Mail technical support; Notes Domino technical support; Active Directory services; internet usage, web-site
development, web-server technical support
• Wide area network support for inter-networking, PABX and videoconferencing; experience of coordination
• Certifcation in the following desirable:
a. Microsoft Certifed System Engineer – MCSE
b. Microsoft Certifed System Administrator – MCSA
c. Microsoft Certifed Professional plus Internet – MCP+
• At least 3-5 year(s) of working experience in the related feld is required for this position
• Excellent inter-personal and communication skills, experience in working in a multicultural environment; able to work
collaboratively with teams, good oral and written communication skills in English
• The Technical Support staff expected to perform all the above activities for a twelve (12) months period. Periodic reviews
will be conducted throughout the engagement. This engagement is subject for renewal.
For more information please contact: Ms. Rose Soe Mar Thaung at ADB-MYRM at telephone (01) 255023 or email
sthaung.contractor@adb.org during offce hours. The deadline for Expression of Interest will be (3rd March 2014) at
Owner and Sole Proprietor of the following trademark: -
(Reg: No. IV/6768/2013)
in respect of goods/service in Classes 03, 09, 14, 16, 18, 20, 21, 24,
25, 27, 28, 29, 30, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 38, 41, 43.
Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said trademark
will be dealt with according to law.
By its Attorneys
P.O. Box No. 26, Yangon.
Phone: 372416 Dated: 17
February, 2014
News 15 www.mmtimes.com
‘Unity’ arrests
send wrong
message: US
THE United States embassy in Yan-
gon says the recent arrest of four
journalists for a report on the mili-
tary sends the “wrong message”
to the international community
about its commitment to the re-
form process.
Four journalists from the news
weekly Unity, as well as the com-
pany’s chief executive ofcer, were
arrested on January 31 and Febru-
ary 1 and charged under the state
secrets act for reporting allega-
tions that the military was manu-
facturing chemical weapons at a
factory in Magwe Region.
A spokesperson for the embassy
told The Myanmar Times by email
that it was “aware of and con-
cerned about” the arrests.
“This sends the wrong message
to the international community
on the country’s commitment to
sustaining freedom of expression,
including for the media, and po-
litical reform,” the ofcial said on
February 11.
The ofcial said that while the
government has made “tremen-
dous progress in opening the po-
litical space in the last three years
and working to develop conductive
to free, fair and independent me-
dia”, it must also protect universal
rights and fundamental freedoms,
including freedom of expression.
“We urge the government of
Burma to continue that trend and
respect the rights of all journalists,”
the ofcial said.
The embassy was not able to
confirm the details of the report
and the ofcial said it remains com-
mitted “to deepening the bilateral
relationship” – including on the
topic of bilateral weapons, if the
government follows through with
promises to ratify the Chemical
Weapons Convention, which bans
the use, production and stockpil-
ing of chemical weapons. “Upon
ratification, the United States can
provide technical assistance with
national implementation.”
On February 10, German Presi-
dent Joachim Gauck – the first Ger-
man head of state to visit Myan-
mar since 1986 – told reporters he
had not raised the issue during his
meetings in Nay Pyi Taw. “I didn’t
know this case. If I knew, I would
[have] discuss[ed] it,” he said.
The reports of the factory in
Pauk township, as well as the al-
leged Chinese workers at the site,
remain unconfirmed.
Journalist Bertil Lintner, who
has written extensively about
the Myanmar military over the
past three decades, said there
was no conclusive evidence that
Myanmar is producing chemical
Despite the doubts over the
report’s veracity, he described the
Unity article as “perfectly legiti-
mate” given the Tatmadaw’s lack
of transparency.
“I hope this will lead to My-
anmar journalists asking ques-
tions about the country’s defence
industries [known as Ka Pa Sa],”
he said. “More transparency is evi-
dently needed.”
For Shan, a single word means much
“NAY Pyi Taw is so elegant – so difer-
ent from my place,” said Ma Thant Su
The 18-year-old ethnic Danu had
come from the Danu self-administered
zone in southern Shan State to the cap-
ital to perform for Shan State Day on
February 7.
Dressed in her green Danu cos-
tume, she looked around the brightly
lit conference hall in the Myanmar
International Convention Centre as
Pyithu Hluttaw Speaker Thura U Shwe
Mann, clad in a full Shan costume of
yellow silk, danced to the beat of a live
Shan drum, or oh-si, with Shan politi-
cians. He later sat at the same table as
National League for Democracy leader
Daw Aung San Suu Kyi.
An English major at Taunggyi Uni-
versity, Ma Thant Su San was visiting
Nay Pyi Taw for the first time. “Back
home, we have a lot of needs, from edu-
cation to health,” she said.
Her fellow dancer, 19-year-old Sai
Aung Pa, who performed the traditional
Shan dance Ki-ta-yi Kan-ta-yar, said he
was “happy and excited to perform be-
fore such important people ... I’ve never
seen such huge event. It’s so elegant.”
Despite the attention lavished by
such senior political figures, the gov-
ernment’s hosting of what it called the
Shan State Day has disappointed
some Shan people, who question the
government’s sincerity.
“It used to be called Shan National
Day. The name was changed in 1962.
It’s not good to change history,” said U
Sai Nyunt Lwin, secretary of the Shan
Nationalities League for Democracy.
U Sai Boe Aung, of the Shan Nation-
alities Democratic Party, said February
7 was a “holy day” for the Shan people,
commemorating the day when the
Shan national flag and anthem were
created. “It’s more appropriate to call
it ‘Shan National Day’ ... [It] means it
can be celebrated by all Shan people,
including those outside Shan State.”
On February 7, 1947, Shan Saopha
and General Aung San agreed to coop-
erate in wresting independence from
Britain. The day has been celebrated by
the Shan ever since.
In 1962, after the General Ne Win-
led military coup, the government
banned the term “Shan National Day”,
replacing it with “Shan State Day”.
For U Sai Htwe, chair of the Califor-
nia Shan Social and Culture group in
the United States, the continuing use of
the term “Shan State Day” has created
doubts about the government’s com-
mitment to the transition.
“This government is of the same
generation as Ne Win. Most ofcials
come from the military. Calling it “Shan
State Day” is the same policy. It makes
me wonder if they want ethnic recon-
ciliation or not,” he said.
U Sai Htwe celebrated what he
called Shan National Day with other
Shan people in the US.
“It will always be ‘Shan National
Day’ for me,” U Sai Htwe said, adding
that the continuing use of the term
“Shan State Day” would prevent young
Shan people from understanding their
true history. “You can re-write history
but you can’t change it.”
For Ma Nang Sai Noon, a 26-year-
old Muse native in northern Shan State,
the use of “Shan State Day” denotes in-
equality for all ethnic groups. “Whatever
the government calls it, it’s still Shan
National Day for us. It’s rooted in our
minds. Shan young people like me will
keep trying to get the government to call
it Shan National Day again.”
A woman attends a Shan National Day ceremony at the Shan State Army-South
headquarters at Loi Tai Leng on the Thai border on February 7. Photo: Sam Jam
‘It will always be
“Shan National Day”
for me ... You can re-
write history but you
can’t change it.’
U Sai Htwe
California Shan Social and Culture
Government must respect “fundamental” rights,
including freedom of expression, US ofcial says
16 News THE MYANMAR TIMES FEBRUARY 17 - 23, 2014
New self-administered areas
struggle to assert authority
AS ethnic armed groups inch closer
to political dialogue with the govern-
ment on greater autonomy for minori-
ties, bodies established under the 2008
constitution to give ethnic minorities
more administrative control are be-
ing hobbled by Myanmar’s formidable
The governments of the one self-
administered division and five self-
administered zones formed under the
political system established in 2011
have made little progress in wresting
authority from the powerful central
government, their leaders say.
“To put it bluntly, these are self-ad-
ministered areas in name only,” said U
Htoo Ko Ko, the head of the Danu self-
administered zone in southern Shan
State. “The state government is influ-
encing and intervening all the time.
“Authority between the district
ofce [controlled by the Union Gov-
ernment] and the self-administered
bodies is also unclear. We are still in-
fluenced by Taunggyi district [General
Administration Department],” he said.
More than five decades of centrali-
sation and top-down governance is a
“huge barrier” to the progress of self-
administration and flies in the face of
the zones’ bottom-up approach, said
U Ro San Kyu, the head of the Naga
self-administered zone in northern
Sagaing Region.
“We have been living under a top-
down system for virtually our entire
history. We started using a bottom-up
approach only now. How can such a
change be made in just a few years?”
he said. “But we are trying. The [Un-
ion Government] is also driving it and
we at the bottom are also trying to
make progress.”
The constitution establishes a Un-
ion Government and 14 state and re-
gion governments. Seven of these are
nominally for the major ethnic mi-
nority groups – Chin, Kachin, Kayah,
Kayin, Mon, Rakhine and Shan – but
remain under the control of the Un-
ion Solidarity and Development Party,
which is led almost exclusively by eth-
nic Bamar.
The self-administered zones and
visions, which are overseen by govern-
ments known as leading bodies, sit be-
low the regional governments.
Under the constitution, these lead-
ing bodies have legislative power over
10 areas, including development af-
fairs, public health, water and electric-
ity. But more than halfway through
their five-year term, none have yet
promulgated a law.
“We have many difculties in draft-
ing laws for self-administration,” said
U San Lwin, the head of the Pa-O self-
administered zone.
“These complications are not just
in the technicalities of the law but in
the division of authority,” agreed U
Htoo Ko Ko.
One leading body is working to
clear the confusion by enacting laws
that clearly define responsibilities.
“We are discussing laws for devel-
opment afairs and fire prevention
that divide responsibilities between
us and the General Administration
Department,” said U Maung Kyaw, the
head of the Palaung self-administered
zone. “It works – we have cleared up
the confusion to some extent.”
The future of the self-administered
division and zones remains unclear,
however. The government’s conces-
sions in the 2008 constitution to eth-
nic groups’ desire for autonomy were
rejected by many, including armed
groups that are in peace talks with the
The talks are expected to lead to
political dialogue and potentially con-
stitutional amendments that give mi-
norities more authority. In his monthly
radio address, President U Thein Sein
said in February that the parliament’s
constitutional amendment process
should take into account the views of
armed ethnic groups.
This could lead to greater autono-
my for the existing self-administered
division and zones – or their replace-
ment by a completely new administra-
tive mechanism. But more authority is
not a prospect that the leaders of the
self-administered areas are pushing
for – or even enthusiastic about.
“We have no idea even about feder-
alism,” said U Htoo Ko Ko. “We are in-
terested just in better development of
our area. But if the self-administered
system is fully realised and the techni-
cal issues are settled, [more authority]
should help our development work.”
U Ro San Kyu added, “Our self-
administered area does not have any
specific demand for greater autonomy
... But I believe that the system will
gradually become settled and we will
get the changes that we want.”
Others are even less forceful in
their demands – or have made none at
all. U Myo Aung, secretary of the Wa
self-administered division, said when
approached by the Shan State gov-
ernment to discuss the constitution,
the Wa leading body had said it did
not want any specific constitutional
“We also have no comment on the
Palaung women watch parading soldiers from the Ta’aung National Liberation Army, a Palaung ethnic armed group, in Namhsan township in northern Shan state last month. Photo: AFP
‘To put it bluntly,
these are self-
administered areas
in name only.’
U Htoo Ko Ko
Chair, Danu Self-administered Zone
Leading Body
IOCHPE-MAXION S/A, a Company incorporated in BRAZIL, of
Rua Luigi Galvani, 146, 13 andar, CEP 04575-020, Sao Paulo, SP,
Brazil, is the Owner of the following Trade Marks:-
Reg. No. 12840/2013
Reg. No. 12841/2013
in respect of “Class 12: Land vehicles parts, namely, wheels, chassis,
longerons, stingers; pressed parts and drop forged parts, namely,
structural parts for trucks, buses, vans, tractors and of road vehicles “.
Fraudulent imitation or unauthorised use of the said Trade Marks
will be dealt with according to law.
Win Mu Tin, M.A., H.G.P., D.B.L
P. O. Box 60, Yangon
E-mail: makhinkyi.law@mptmail.net.mm
Dated: 17 February 2014
E. REMY MARTIN & Co. (a simplifed joint-stock company)
of 20 rue de la Societe Vinicole, 16100 COGNAC, France, is the
Owner of the following Trade Marks:-
Reg. No. 5537/1999
Reg. No. 5539/1999
in respect of “Wines, spirits and other alcoholic beverages”.
Fraudulent imitation or unauthorised use of the said Trade Marks
will be dealt with according to law.
Win Mu Tin, M.A., H.G.P., D.B.L
for E. REMY MARTIN & Co.
P. O. Box 60, Yangon
Dated: 17 February 2014
incorporated in Japan, of Mitsubishi Building, 5-2, Marunouchi
2-chome Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100-8324, is the Owner of the
following Trade Mark:-
Reg. No. 8838/2013
in respect of “Class 1: Oxygen absorbers”.
Fraudulent imitation or unauthorised use of the said Trade Mark
will be dealt with according to law.
Win Mu Tin, M.A., H.G.P., D.B.L
P. O. Box 60, Yangon
E-mail: makhinkyi.law@mptmail.net.mm
Dated: 17 February 2014
News 17 www.mmtimes.com
New self-administered areas
struggle to assert authority
Palaung women watch parading soldiers from the Ta’aung National Liberation Army, a Palaung ethnic armed group, in Namhsan township in northern Shan state last month. Photo: AFP
demand of [the United Wa State Army
for greater autonomy] but we have a
smooth relationship with them. We
work together with understanding.”
Speaking on behalf of U Pauk U
Chan, the head of the Kokang self-ad-
ministered zone, translator U Maung
Maung said the Kokang also have
“no specific comment” on the level
of self-administration granted in the
“We just want to say that the con-
stitution should be amended based on
consensus from all parties,” U Maung
Maung said.
Several of the leading bodies are
still controlled by the USDP, and this
is likely to explain their reticence to
align themselves with the demands
of armed ethnic groups. While the
Palaung leader, for example, suggested
authority should be distributed based
on population, he said he would follow
his party’s policy on the issue.
“Our party’s recommendations on
constitutional change include greater
autonomy for regional governments. I
agree with that and for the moment I
have no idea to ask for greater auton-
omy. If I do, however, I’ll go through
party channels,” said U Maung Kyaw,
who is also a USDP executive commit-
tee member.
The Pa-O zone, in this respect, is
diferent, because its leading body is
controlled by members of the Pa-O
National Organisation, although the
USDP did not nominate candidates to
compete against the PNO in the 2010
The PNO favours a gradual in-
crease in autonomy rather than a rap-
id change, said U San Lwin.
“We have faced difculties in draft-
ing laws even for our self-adminis-
tered zone so we don’t have any spe-
cific points that we want changed in
the constitution,” he said. “But I sup-
port those amendments ... that sup-
port the democratisation process and
improved distribution of the country’s
natural and human resources.”
Police arrest six at Sanchaung
beauty parlour
Sanchaung police have arrested six
people following a raid on a beauty
parlour in Sanchaung township that
was secretly offering sexual services.
The raid on the beauty parlour in
Shin Saw Pu ward took place about
2:30pm on February 9. Police arrest-
ed the 21-year-old manager, from
Dala township, and five female staff,
aged between 19 and 28, who are all
from Hlaing Tharyar township.
The police also seized five pillows
and five mattresses as evidence,
along with K22,000 in allegedly ill-
gotten gains.
Man killed neighbour whose
cows ate his plants, court finds
The Yangon Southern District Court
has sentenced a man to seven
years’ jail with hard labour for kill-
ing a man in Kawmhu township in
December 2012.
U Zaw Moe was found guilty
on January 31. The court heard
he quarreled with his neighbour
because the neighbour’s cow had
eaten plants in his compound. While
the victim initiated the physical
altercation, the court heard U Zaw
Moe stabbed him 12 times.
U Zaw Moe was convicted largely
on eyewitness testimony given by
the deceased’s wife, who had been
waiting for her husband on a bridge
when she saw the incident take
Jilted lover attempts suicide
A 39-year-old woman from Htan-
tabin township whose boyfriend
refused to marry her after the
pair eloped has survived a suicide
The woman drank insecticide on
the afternoon of February 8, shortly
after her boyfriend, 28, sent her back
to her village. She vomited within a
few minutes and was sent to Hlaing
Tharyar hospital. She has been
charged with attempting suicide,
police in Htantabin said.
Man jailed for raping girl, 14
A Twante township resident has
been sentenced to seven years’
jail with hard labour for raping a
14-year-old girl in July 2013.
The man was convicted based on
the girl’s testimony. The judge said
her aunt had reported the case to
local officials and there was no evi-
dence of any grudge or other motive
for a false accusation.
The aunt had returned from drop-
ping her children at school on July
5 when she found her niece crying
in the kitchen. Asked why she was
crying, the girl said a man from
the village had raped her twice the
previous night in her bed.
The judge accepted the girl’s
accusation although there were
no witnesses, noting that if the
victim’s testimony was discounted
then most rapists would be found
not guilty.
Couple shows devotion through
suicide attempt
A couple from Yangon’s Kyeemyinda-
ing township are recovering in hos-
pital after attempting to prove their
love by committing suicide together.
After drinking a large amount
of alcohol, Ko Zaw Than Nain, 34,
and Ma Nyo Nyo Htwe, 33, stabbed
each other in the stomach at about
11:30pm on February 9.
The pair, from Alatchaung village
across the Yangon River, are being
treated at Yangon General Hospital
and been charged with attempted
Police take down alleged pirate
DVD business
Four men have been arrested for
allegedly making illegal DVDs at
a house in Yangon’s Thingangyun
township. The men were arrested
based on a tip-off, with police raiding
the Pyitharyar Road property at about
7:15am on February 11.
Taxi driver charged over death
of motorcyclist
A taxi driver from Shwe Pyi Thar
township has been charged with
negligent homicide after allegedly
knocking a motorcyclist off his bike.
U Ye Win Htun died after the
motorbike he was travelling on was
hit by the Toyota Corolla taxi on No 3
Main Road near Ta Gun Dine village.
– Toe Wai Aung, translation by
Thiri Min Htun and Thae Thae Htwe
News 21 www.mmtimes.com
Activists in
Malaysia on
alert after
latest murder
MYANMAR activists in Malaysia
have been placed on high alert af-
ter a former 88 Generation activ-
ist was stabbed to death in Kuala
Lumpur last week.
The body of Ko Aung Gyi, who
was a leading activist in the 1988
general strike committee, was
found in a car in Cheras Baru
near Kuala Lumpur on February
4, said U San Win, chair of the
Kepong Free Funeral Service So-
ciety, which provides free funerals
to Myanmar migrants.
“He was helping a friend who
was looking to buy a car. That day
a man called him saying he want-
ed to sell his car and [Ko Aung
Gyi] went there at about 6pm to
look it over. He didn’t come back
and police found his body in the
car on February 5,” U San Win
“According to the police, he was
stabbed with a sharp object – po-
lice said it could be a screwdriver,”
he said, adding that the authori-
ties had informed his family.
Ko Aung Gyi was cremated on
February 8, U San Win added.
The activist was killed just a
day before two men on a motor-
cycle shot at two prominent Ra-
khine politicians during a visit
to Malaysia. Neither Rakhine
Nationalities Development Party
chair U Aye Maung nor Arakan
League for Democracy chair U
Aye Thar Aung were injured in
the attack but their vehicle was
sprayed with bullets. The Rakh-
ine politicians have blamed the
attack on “Islamic terrorists”. In
June 2013 a number of Myanmar
migrants were killed in Malaysia
in violence between Buddhists
and Muslims.
U San Win said he believed Ko
Aung Gyi had been killed because
of his eforts to help migrants
afected by the violence. Other
activists are now taking extra
precautions in case they are also
“Ko Aung Gyi strongly stood
for Myanmar migrants and ac-
tively helped workers after the
violence broke out in Malaysia,”
he said.
“Ko Aung Gyi and I – as well
as many other activists here – re-
ceived threatening calls at that
time. Whether this murder is con-
nected to [the violence] or not, we
are on alert.”
Penang Free Funeral Service
Society founder Ko Mya Win said
Ko Aung Gyi’s death had shocked
Myanmar civil society groups in
Malaysia. However, he said he
did not think the killing was a
“threat” toward activists.
“I have to admit though that
it has had some efect on us,” he
said. “Some groups said they are
worried about their safety but I
think it’s not too serious yet.”
The Myanmar Times contact-
ed U Soe Win, an ofcial at the
Myanmar embassy in Malaysia,
but he declined to comment on
Ko Aung Gyi’s death.
Ko Ant Bwe Kyaw, an informa-
tion ofcer at the 88 New Genera-
tion Students, said Myanmar ac-
tivists need to take care for their
own safety.
“I hope the Malaysia police
and government also take care
of activists and workers,” he said.
“It’s time for both governments
to protect people because this
is not the first time that Myan-
mar citizens have been killed in
U San Win agreed that nei-
ther government paid enough at-
tention to the safety of migrant
“It is so easy to kill a person
in Malaysia. Many of our citizens
have been killed during the past
eight months but we have not
seen any of the murderers arrest-
ed … We also can’t count on the
Myanmar embassy.”
Sand-flled trucks put
on notice in Mandalay
Workers fill trucks with
sand on the banks of the
Ayeyarwady River in Mandalay.
Photo: Phyo Wai Kyaw
DRIVERS of sand trucks that pol-
lute the city of Mandalay could face
jail, city authorities warn. Mandalay
City Development Committee says
ofenders could face a term of three
months to one year, plus a fine of up
to K500,000.
Trucks carrying sand from the river
through downtown are being blamed
for causing air pollution and acci-
dents, as well as coating the city cen-
tre in dirt – spoiling Mandalay’s image
as a “clean, green city”, authorities say.
The crackdown will begin at the
end of this month, as staf from the
departments of street cleaning, rev-
enue, water resources and trafc ad-
ministration work together to set up
“The road by the Ayeyarwady River
is polluted and the trees are coated in
dirt and dust. It creates a bad image
for visitors,” said U Nay Win Myint, the
head of the Cleaning Department. The
sand trucks are also accused of caus-
ing accidents as wet sand from the
trucks makes the roads slippery, espe-
cially for motorcycles.
“It takes 80-90 workers just to
clean the roads each day because the
loads are not covered. Then there’s
the air pollution, because most of
the trucks are old. It’s time to en-
force the regulations,” said U Soe
Tint Aung, assistant director of the
Cleaning Department.
About 200-300 trucks are estimat-
ed to carry sand through the city cen-
tre each day, according to the Cleaning
U Mg Myint, chair of a company
that sells river sand, said he has re-
peatedly warned buyers to secure
their loads. “We sell the sand from
the river sediment that we pump up,”
he said. “We tell buyers to follow the
regulations, and to make sure the load
is properly covered. We tell them they
could face fines.”
The tough stance comes after a
meeting on January 30 between city
authorities and the sand dealers about
the enforcement of the regulations.
About 20 vehicles have received sum-
monses in the past two months.
Private waste
coming to
MANDALAY City Development Com-
mittee will put out a tender later this
month for rubbish collection in the city.
A senior ofcial from the commit-
tee’s Cleaning Department said com-
panies will be invited in late February
to submit proposals for taking on rub-
bish collection responsibilities.
Mandalay current generates 750-
800 tonnes a day of hard rubbish and
the department’s budget for vehicles
and workers is about K140 million
a year. Handing over responsibility
to the private sector would improve
the efciency of waste management,
Cleaning Department boss U Nay
Win Myint said, adding that consum-
ers would likely face more fines for
breaching municipal rules. The Clean-
ing Department collected just K4.9
million in fines in 2012-13 but has al-
ready pulled in K17 million in 2013-14.
“If [the contract] is transferred to
the private sector there will be more
fines and taxes for households,” he
said. “There will be a range of taxes for
houses, street-shops and restaurants.
But rubbish collection will be free of
charge for monasteries, charity clinics
and social organisations.”
He said there was already strong in-
terest from the private sector and one
company, Sein Yay Kan, is conducting
a feasibility study in two townships.
“This company made a 30-year ...
contract with Kengtung city for pri-
vate hard rubbish waste collection and
disposal and is approaching other cit-
ies, including Muse and Taunggyi,” U
Nay Win Myint said.
But the tender will be open to all, he
said. “Sein Yay Kan and other interest-
ed companies will be able to compete.”
MCDC has already signed a deal for
one private sector waste management
project, which will see rubbish con-
verted to electric power. A Thai com-
pany, Organic Asia Group, will set up a
US$44 million factory on a 29.32-acre
site. However, the project has stalled
because of the political situation in
Thailand, U Nay Win Myint said.
Daw Kyi Kyi Sein, a retired Myan-
mar language professor from the Uni-
versity of Foreign Languages in Man-
dalay, said she wasn’t concerned about
having to pay for improved service.
“I want a more efective way of re-
moving rubbish, such as that used in
Japan,” she said. “Over there they have
diferent days for the collection of dif-
ferent types of rubbish.”
Trucks laden with sand passing
through Mandalay city centre daily
News 23 www.mmtimes.com
Tourist drowns
at Ngapali beach
MYANMAR’S premier beach destina-
tion has been rocked by the drown-
ing of a Polish tourist. The 55-year-old
man drowned near Ngapali beach on
the southern Rakhine State coast on
February 9.
Police Colonel Kan Oo from the
Thandwe township police force said
the incident occurred at a location
known as Kwin Waing, about 30
kilometres (18.6 miles) from Ngapali
“He drowned quite far from the
beach,” Pol Col Kan Oo said. “It hap-
pened about 3pm.”
The German embassy in Yangon,
which provides consular assistance
to Polish nationals in Myanmar, con-
firmed the death but declined to com-
ment further.
The man was with seven other Pol-
ish tourists, including his wife, when
the accident happened. Several sourc-
es told The Myanmar Times he was on
a diving tour at the time but Thandwe
township administrator U Kyaw Soe
Lwin described it only as a “normal
“All the formalities related to the
death have now been completed,” he
said on February 10.
Drownings at Ngapali are rare be-
cause the main beach is well protected
from the ocean.
The Polish group was staying at
Hotel ACE Ngapali Beach, located
just north of Ngapali at Lintha beach,
and had checked in the previous day.
A Yangon-based spokesperson for the
hotel said he was unsure what the
group had been doing so far from the
It is also unclear which diving
company the deceased was with or
whether the company was licensed to
provide such services.
At least one company, Cherry Is-
land Water Sports, has been advertis-
ing diving and other activities in the
Ngapali area. A pamphlet seen by The
Myanmar Times ofered a range of
currently prohibited activities, such
as parasailing and jet skiing, as well
as “under water walking”, “skewer div-
ing” and “hores riding”.
A spokesperson for the company
said the deceased tourist was not their
“Our business has not been allowed
and we are not conducting water sport
activities,” said Ko Pyay Sone. “We hope
to get permission to do it next season
[in late 2014]. At the moment we are
just running a small restaurant.”
Ofcials insisted rules banning mo-
torised activities at the beach are being
strictly enforced. “There may be some
advertisements for water sport busi-
nesses but we don’t allow them to oper-
ate,” Pol Col Kan Oo said.
Protesters in Mandalay
demand constitution changes
MANDALAY residents staged a
demonstration on February 9 to call
for amendments to the 2008 consti-
tution and the removal of restric-
tions on public protest.
The demonstrators also called
for the repeal of other laws that
infringe on citizens’ human rights
and peace in ethnic minority areas.
“We don’t represent any organi-
sation or [political] party. We are
just doing this because we think it
is our responsibility as members of
the public,” said lawyer U Htay Win,
who organised the event.
The demonstration took place
on 86
Street, between 17
and 18

streets, in Aung Myay Thar San
township. One participant said that
while local ofcials had given per-
mission to hold the event, organis-
ers had been told not to conduct a
planned march because it would
annoy road users and pose security
Land and labour rights activist
U Aye Thein, who was among
the participants, said there are
“nearly 100 laws” that should be
He also called for the constitu-
tion to be changed to allow Daw
Aung San Suu Kyi to become
“Section 59(f ) [which bars Daw
Aung San Suu Kyi from the presi-
dency] was deliberately drafted out
of personal hatred,” he said.
– Translation by Zar Zar Soe
Protesters stage a demonstration in Mandalay on February 9. Photo: Si Thu Lwin
NATIONAL carrier, Myanma Air-
ways, last week signed a deal to lease
10 Boeing aircraft worth nearly US$1
billion that will ply international
routes in a bid to tap booming tour-
ism as the once-reclusive country
opens up to the world.
Under the agreement, forged on
the opening day of the Singapore Air-
show, state-owned Myanma Airways
will lease the Boeing 737s from GE
Capital Aviation Services (GECAS),
the commercial leasing and financ-
ing arm of US giant General Electric.
“Myanma Airways, which has
suspended international operations
since 1993, is now going to re-enter
the international market with the
support of our good friend and part-
ner GECAS,” Myanmar Transporta-
tion Minister U Nyan Htun Aung
said at the signing ceremony.
“We hope that we could become
well known again to international
air travellers,” he said, alongside GE-
CAS executives and US ambassador
to Myanmar Derek Mitchell.
Mr Mitchell described the agree-
ment as the “largest commercial
sale” by a US company to Myanmar
in decades.
“It is an important moment for
both our countries and I assume it
will be the first of many such mo-
ments among American businesses
and Myanmar,” he said.
Delivery of the planes, whose
total list value is $960 million, is
scheduled to begin in June next year.
“The contract calls for six Boeing
737-800 models and four Boeing 737-
MAX models. The aircraft will de-
liver through 2020,” GECAS said in
a statement.
It will be a major makeover for
flag carrier Myanma Airways, which
was established in 1948 and current-
ly operates mostly domestic services
signs $1b
lease deal
MICROFINANCE institutions
(MFIs) are worried a new directive
by the sector’s regulator that caps
loans at K500,000 could stifle small
business growth and the develop-
ment of the burgeoning MFI sector
as it seeks to expand its role in the
Myanmar’s MFI sector has expe-
rienced a boost in the past two years
with the establishment of interna-
tionally backed institutions looking
to capitalise on the estimated 84
percent of Myanmar’s population
who have no access to financing.
Those institutions were only re-
cently regulated with the passage
of the Microfinance Law in Novem-
ber 2011, but already international
finance institutions view the sector
as volatile due to the inability of the
regulatory body, the Microfinance
Supervisory Committee (MSC),
to enforce responsible lending
In an efort to ensure that the
estimated 150 operating MFIs are
fulfilling their mission to provide
financing alternatives to the poor,
rather than providing loans to
established businesses, the MSC on
January 14 issued a directive intro-
ducing a ceiling of about US$500
per loan.
“Microfinance is very important
for alleviating poverty. We’re doing
our best to make sure it helps poor
people,” U Win Aung, the managing
director of the MSC, told The Myan-
mar Times.
The move surprised many in the
industry, who said they will ask the
supervisory committee to amend
the new rule they claim will afect
their respective bottom lines as well
as the bottom lines of their clients.
“It’s important not to be too re-
strictive,” said Fahmid Bhuiya, chief
Microfnance frms decry low regulator loan cap
A sandal maker, who started his family’s business using a microfinance loan, sits at his makeshift workplace at his home in Yang on. Photo: Philip Heijmans
‘The danger is that
you have a sector
that is growing very
quickly and some of
these MFIs have a
poor track record.’
Thatha Hla
Asian Development Bank
25 BUSINESS EDITOR: Philip Heijmans | pheijmans13@gmail.com
Microfnance frms decry low regulator loan cap
operating ofcer of Pact Global Mi-
crofinance Fund. “The limit might
get in the way of lending to the ex-
ceptional entrepreneurs who create
Pact is Myanmar’s largest non-
governmental MFI, providing some
730,000 microloans worth $141 mil-
lion in 2012, according to its web-
site. Mr Bhuiya said Pact planned to
work with other MFIs to have the
regulator reassess the limit.
According to the law, MFIs are
restricted from ofering loans over
2.5pc per month, or 30pc annually
– a rate comparable to the global
average and significantly lower than
the 10pc per month loans ofered by
informal “loan sharks”. In addition
to a set interest rate, the law stipu-
lates on additional interest paid on
deposits cannot be less than 1.25pc
per month, or 15pc annually.
Kim Bunsocheat, managing di-
rector and chief executive of Cam-
bodia-based Acleda MFI Myanmar
Co Ltd, said the K500,000 cap would
also cut jobs that could be created
by small businesses expanding on
the back of an MFI loan facility.
“If the limit were higher, they
could hire a larger workforce,” he
Acleda, which launched an MFI
in Myanmar in March, will set up an
additional 12 branches in addition
to its current six to reflect its grow-
ing loan portfolio, said Meas Sang-
vath, a consultant with the MFI,
adding that the MFI lent US$3.26
million to 8361 people last year.
Other MFI’s are looking to make
a push as well, such as Bangladesh-
based BRAC, which is awaiting ap-
proval to open six branches this year.
Previously, there was no written
limit on loan size and little indica-
tion a hard cap was coming, though
insiders said discussions to create a
K500,000 maximum loan size had
been on the table for some time.
Based on limited data in the sec-
tor, the International Finance Cor-
poration early last year estimated
that the sector’s loan portfolio to-
talled US$283 million spread over
2.8 million clients, with a market
demand for microcredit at about $1
billion nationwide.
Myanmar’s microfinance sector
“is on the cusp of what could be an
exponential growth phase”, Interna-
tional Finance Corporation resident
representative Vikram Kumar told
The Myanmar Times.
Mr Kumar said that while a
loan limit higher than K500,000
should be considered, MFIs would
need to implement international
standard solvency and liquidity
The MSC moved to implement
a solvency ratio for deposit-taking
MFIs of 15pc and a liquidity ratio of
30pc in its January directive.
While MFI ofcials wish to see
the new directive overturned, some
experts are siding with the MSC’s
decision, saying that the mission of
an MFI is not to serve the general
banking needs of the population,
but to provide afordable financing
to the poor.
“[MFIs] shouldn’t be complain-
ing about [the cap]. If they want to
do banking then they should apply
for a banking license. They already
have a lot of leeway in that they
don’t follow the [regulations put
forth by the] Central Bank,” said
Thatha Hla, an economist with the
Asian Development Bank.
“The danger is that you have a
sector that is growing very quickly
and some of these MFIs have a poor
track record, while others have no
experience … They are also operat-
ing with a lack of sufcient oversight
and there may be reputational dam-
age caused by MFIs not doing what
they should be doing as a result,” he
said, adding that borrowers may be-
come more reluctant to use financial
services again if subjected to a poor
experience the first time around.
Indeed, while $500 may seem
low to some, the average microfi-
nance loan in most countries is well
below the mark.
For London-based VisionFund
International, who ofer micro-
loans in Myanmar, the average loan
size is $257, while Jeremy Kloiser-
Jones, chief executive of locally-
based BC Finance Limited, said the
average loan ofered by his firm is
even lower at between $150 and
“There is clearly demand for
unsecured lending ... and there is
space where the banks who need to
take collateral are not allowed to by
the Central Bank,” he said.
“There is no one else to fill that
gap.” – Additional reporting by
Mon Mon Aye, Bridget Di Certo and
Philip Heijmans
A sandal maker, who started his family’s business using a microfinance loan, sits at his makeshift workplace at his home in Yang on. Photo: Philip Heijmans
AN INCREASING demand for rice
from abroad has led the price of paddy
rice in Myanmar to grow 25.84 percent
over the past year as recently acquired
duty-free access in other countries is
expected to drive exports further in
2014, experts said.
The price of emahta white rice,
which makes up better than 90 pc of
the country’s rice production, is cur-
rently selling for US$488 per 100 bas-
kets (or 2.05 tonnes) on the markets,
up from $356 per 100 baskets sold one
year ago, farmers said.
“The high price is the result of de-
mand for rice from China and this year
the EU’s demand for rice from Myan-
mar is going up because the country
entered the generalised system of pref-
erences agreement, so the price is not
likely to go down in the short term,”
said U Lu Maw Myint Maung, joint
general secretary of the Myanmar Rice
Paddy rice prices usually fall early in
the season and bounce back mid-sea-
son after most of the harvest has been
sold, sapping farmers’ profits. But last
November-December, prices reached
an early-season record of $377 per 100
baskets and continued increasing to its
current price levels.
U Kyi Aye, chair of the Myanmar
Farmers’ Association (MFA) of Dedaye
township, Ayeyarwaddy Region, said
that high prices are driving farmers to
switch out other crops in favour of rice
as profits are allowing others to pay of
debts accrued from years of low prices
and heavy flooding.
“The current price of paddy is the
best since Cyclone Nargis [in 2008].
We will be able to pay the debts that
built up in previous years,” he said,
adding that the land used to cultivate
rice could grow as much as 20pc for the
coming summer crop.
MFA chair U Soe Tun said that even
though the land available for summer
crop was less than a quarter of the
land available for rainy-season crop, it
represents one-third of Myanmar’s es-
timated annual rice production of 14
million tonnes.
“The current record prices are
likely to stay high because of Chinese
demand. I think farmers will profit,
though many still worry about falling
prices and bad weather,” he said.
In addition, some experts are wor-
ried that the market is unsustainable as
prices are mainly being driven by illicit
trading on the Chinese side of the bor-
der. Rice producers are currently with-
holding stock from traditional trading
partners in an attempt to secure more
favourable prices from China, where
traders are able to ofer a higher price
from dodging local taxes.
While such illicit traders are able
to ofer a better premium on imports
than those who use the legal channels,
they tend to not honour contacts and
pay significantly less than promised,
ofsetting market gains while creating
an unhealthy bottleneck for exports.
As a result of the bottleneck, gov-
ernment ofcials have said that total
exports for processed rice will likely fall
to less than half of the government tar-
get of 3 million tonnes in the 2013-14
fiscal year.
“We know that the government is
trying to deal with the Chinese regional
government to make this market le-
gal, though there has not been seen
any tangible result from it yet, so this
is something we need to worry about,”
said U Soe Tun, adding that a shift in
Myanmar’s trade policy with China
could upset the entire market.
According to data from the Minis-
try of Agriculture, 1.6 million hectares
(4 million acres) of land are currently
available for the summer crop, though
indebted farmers have been unable to
harvest some of it.
Paddy rice prices
climb on exports
Current price of emahta white rice
paddy per 100 baskets or 2.05 tonnes
driving squatters
from Dala homes
German firms
make historic
visit to Myanmar
Exchange Rates (February 14 close)
Currency Buying Selling
Malaysia Ringitt
Singapore Dollar
Thai Baht
US Dollar
26 Business THE MYANMAR TIMES FEBRUARY 17 - 23, 2014
OFFICIAL development assistance (ODA) might
be a more reliable source of funding for Myan-
mar’s “risky” agribusiness than foreign direct
investment as the sector has failed to attract sig-
nificant interest from overseas since economic
sanctions were lifted three years ago, experts said.
Hideaki Matsuo, an economic counsellor
with the Japanese Embassy, said agricultural
investment was widely regarded as too risky
with short term production prospects in short
“Productivity and profit are directly linked
and are afected by climate change,” he said, cau-
tioning against expectations of possible Japanese
Infrastructural and logistical problems also
represented a hindrance for investors, he added.
“If you want investment, local development is
needed to prepare in advance. But it is unlikely
that people will invest in basic needs. That’s why
ODA plays a bigger part in agriculture, as in
health and education,” he said.
With little profit to be earned, some experts
blame the government for not allocating enough
resources to develop the necessary infrastructure
to move business forward.
“It is too risky and even less profitable,” said
U Soe Tun, joint secretary general of the Myan-
mar Rice Federation. “The government has failed
to upgrade infrastructure and logistics, so both
local and international investors are looking at
higher costs and less profit.”
He also said while costs are an issue, there has
been little transparency in agriculture policy as
well as a general lack of supporting services that
include diferent types of related insurance.
Myanmar’s national budget for the agricul-
ture sector came to K310,217 million (US$310
million) or nearly 5 pc of the total national
budget in the 2011-2012 financial year, while
making up just 6 pc of the budget in the fol-
lowing year.
Similarly, agriculture comprised just 29 pc of
the country’s roughly $60 billion gross domestic
product last year.
“Myanmar’s agricultural sector should be a
world better [as it was in the past]. Few countries
are so blessed in terms of their natural endow-
ment, or proximity to major and growing mar-
kets [especially China and India],” said Sean Tur-
nell, a Myanmar economy expert at Australia’s
Macquarie University.
But other challenges also remain as foreign
investors sit on the sidelines due to insufcient
provisions in the Foreign Direct Investment
(FDI) law pertaining to regulations for the agri-
culture sector.
“The law doesn’t allow FDI investment in the
rice sector and there is a dispute over this mat-
ter between local businessmen as some are afraid
foreign firms may monopolise the entire sector,”
said Ko Nay Lin Zin, central executive committee
member of the Myanmar Rice Federation .
Despite the issues, agriculture exports this
year have already outpaced those of last year,
reaching $2.16 billion in the first 10 months of
the 2013-2014 fiscal year, up from $2.07 billion
for all of 2012-2013, according to the figures re-
leased by the Ministry of Commerce.
Ko Nay Lin Zin said that figure is expected to
grow another 30 pc over five years as the market
will adapt to new demand in Europe and pos-
sibly the US stemming from duty-free access in
those countries.
Agribusiness needs govt aid, say experts
A rice trader sifts through processed white rice at a
factory outside of Yangon. Photo: Kaung Htet
THE government has agreed to set
up the country’s first wholesale fruit
and vegetable markets in an efort
to bolster trade with neighbouring
countries as well as to satisfy in-
creasing demand from China, an of-
ficial said.
The markets, which are to be
established in each of Nay Pyi Taw,
Yangon, Mandalay and Muse, along
the Chinese border, came as a part
of a joint agreement on February 10
between several ministries includ-
ing the Ministry of Agriculture and
Ministry of Trade the Minister of Co-
operatives U Kyaw San announced
last week.
“There are no wholesale markets
for fruit and vegetables in Myan-
mar. There are sudden changes in
price due to lack of information and
access so farmers often face losses
from unseasonable low prices as
they can’t penetrate new overseas
markets,” he said.
The minister said that the whole-
sale markets would promote local
fruit and vegetable farmers by not
only creating a trade outlet for them,
but also providing new services, in-
cluding cold storage facilities.
“The agriculture sector is still un-
developed,” said Minister of Agricul-
ture and Irrigation U Myint Hlaing.
“Therefore the president has in-
structed us to seek new overseas
markets to improve farmers’ in-
come,” he said, adding that the he
expects the new initiative to double
the income of fruit and vegetable
Mandalay Region and Shan State
already produce export-quality fruit
and vegetables, with farmers in Shan
State growing more than 42,000
acres of potatoes each year, accord-
ing to government data.
The new markets would also serve
other farmers growing common foods
such as potatoes, honeydew melons,
watermelons, grapes and plums –
products already being exported
to China through the Muse border
gate. – Translation by Zar Zar Soe
Govt to establish frst fruit and
vegetable wholesale markets
New markets to promote local production as well as exports says co-op minister
‘There are sudden changes in price due to lack
of information and access so farmers often
face losses from unseasonable low prices.’
U Kyaw San
Minister of Co-operatives
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Business 27 www.mmtimes.com
AN energy watchdog group set up
to scrutinise the exploitation of
Myanmar’s natural resources has
announced it will initially concen-
trate on the “most problematic and
profitable” sectors – oil, natural gas
and mines.
The multi-stakeholder group, an
association of representatives from
the government, resource extrac-
tion companies and civil society,
was formed on February 8 to com-
pile reports under the Extractive
Industries Transparency Initiative,
which seeks to apply international
standards to the exploitation of
natural resources.
The group’s main role will be to
publicise the income and tax pay-
ments of energy exploration firms
operating in Myanmar, and report
to the EITI, which Myanmar has ap-
plied to join. Reports will be pub-
lished and audited by international
However, MSG member U Tun
Myint Aung said the group will not
have enough time to study all the
industries concerned in time for the
18-month reporting deadline.
“There are many sectors like
oil, gas, forest resources, water re-
sources, hydropower and so on. It
is a lot,” he said.
In addition, EITI reports must
cover 90 percent of the companies
in the resource group.
“We are just starting this process
and we are fairly sure we won’t be
able to manage all [extractive] sec-
tors immediately,” he said.
The group will examine gov-
ernment permits for resource ex-
ploration, total resource produc-
tion, taxes and other income from
production, the impact of pro-
duction on the environment and
how the government spends the
Deputy Minister for Finance U
Maung Maung Thein will lead the
multi-stakeholder group, with Dep-
uty Minister for Energy U Myint
Zaw as vice chair.
The 23-member committee also
includes six other government offi-
cials, including the director gener-
als from the ministries of finance,
environmental conservation and
forestry, mining, energy and home
affairs, a director general from the
Auditor General’s Office and the
managing director of the Myanma
Oil and Gas Enterprise.
It features six members from
the private sector, including rep-
resentatives from Petronas, Total
and MPRL, and nine from civil
society, including members of the
88 Generation, Paung Ku, Sein-
yaungso, Shwe Gas Movement, Da-
wei Development Association and
EITI to report
on industry
red flags
Companies represented in the
association the EITI must
report on
A DELEGATION of 150 German busi-
nesses, lead by German President
Joachim Gauck, visited Myanmar
last week in an attempt to bolster
bilateral relations between the two
The delegation, representing
global firms such as Siemens, BMW
and Deutsche Bank, discussed the
prospect of local partnerships, in-
vestment strategies and introducing
international corporate, labour and
social practices.
The conference also marked the
opening of the Delegation of German
Industry and Commerce, the first
from Europe to set up in Myanmar.
“Myanmar is a fast-growing econ-
omy. It is starting from a relatively
low level, but it has opportunities,”
said Association of German Cham-
bers of Industry and Commerce or
Deutscher Industrie- und Handel-
skammertag (DIHK) chief Volker
Treier, adding that Germany had
already established representative
ofces in the auto industry and in
chemical engineering last year.
He said that if international com-
panies are to invest in Myanmar, it is
imperative the country set up a reli-
able legal framework, train qualified
staf and install an integrated finan-
cial structure.
“German businesses are not the
biggest risk-takers, but they come to
stay. Making a fast profit and then
leaving is not our way. We have a sus-
tainable approach,” he said.
According to the Directorate of
Trade and Company Administration
(DICA), German investment in My-
anmar amounts to some US$17 mil-
lion per year, though Mr Treier said
that continued economic reform in
Myanmar would result in that figure
ballooning into the billions of dollars
in the coming years.
“The current [level of investment]
is almost nothing from our point of
view compared to other countries,”
he said.
Udo Mohrstedt, president of pho-
tovoltaics firm IBC Solar, said that
German firms would likely begin
investing in Myanmar thanks to the
EU Generalised System of Prefer-
ences (GDP), which was reinstated
last year. He also said his firm would
likely put plans forward to establish
a factory in Myanmar pending meet-
ing government ofcials.
“Our aim is to show our products
and then [we] plan to build factories
here, but first we must see clearly
the intention of the government,” Mr
Mohrstedt said.
During his visit last week German
President Joachim Gauck met with
local ofcials to complete a landmark
deal to clear half a billion euro ($682
million) in debt owed by Myanmar.
As a part of the deal, Germany
agreed to cancel half of the arrears
owed to them by Myanmar in two
phases, while rescheduling the re-
maining 542 million euros ($740 mil-
lion) over the next 15 years.
German delegation makes
historic visit to Myanmar
German President Joachim Gauck speaks in front of an audience at the
Myanmar-German Business Forum in Yangon February 11. Photo: Philip Heijmans
Accountability reports
latest in efort to
modernise extractives
28 Business THE MYANMAR TIMES FEBRUARY 17 - 23, 2014
The Fine Print
Legal & tax insight
Special Economic Zones Law: Part II
WITHIN a special economic zone
(SEZ), the management commit-
tee can demarcate “exempted
zones” and “promotion zones”.
Businesses in an exempted zone
have to manufacture primarily
for export.
The maximum percentage of
goods which may be sold locally,
meanwhile, will be laid down in
implementing guidelines, while
goods manufactured in a pro-
motion zone must primarily be
produced with local content and
directly transported and sold to
businesses in an exempted zone.
Exempted zones are regarded
as if they were located outside
the country. An investor in an
exempted zone therefore does
not have to pay import duty on
construction materials, raw ma-
terials, machines and other goods
used in the construction of the
factory or the production process.
Usually, an importer has to
pay 5 percent commercial tax in
addition to import duties, though
the new law does not state clearly
whether this tax will be waived in
an exempted zone.
However, an investor in an ex-
empted zone does not have to pay
income tax in the first seven years
of operation and pays only 50pc
income tax during the following
five years. If, during a subsequent
five-year period, profits are re-
invested within a short period
of time, the income tax rate for
profits derived from such rein-
vestment is also reduced by 50pc.
The developer of an SEZ and
investors in a promotion zone are
entitled to the same income tax
benefits with the exception that
the tax holiday period (complete
exemption from income tax) is
not seven but eight years in case
of the developer and five years in
case of an investor in a promo-
tion zone.
Interestingly, businesses out-
side an exempted or promotion
zone do not have to pay income
tax during the first five years of
operation, while the SEZ man-
agement committee may grant
further exemptions.
A business outside an exempt-
ed zone producing for export may
be designated as an “exempted
zone business” and sealed of
with a fence. Such a business
should – but the law is not en-
tirely clear in this respect – enjoy
the same benefits as a business
located inside an exempted zone.
A developer and every inves-
tor in an SEZ may carry forward
losses for up to five years. Cur-
rently, the carry-forward period
is three years maximum.
The new SEZ Law aims to
bring customs procedures in line
with international standards and
to accelerate customs clearance
in exempted zones. It requires
the customs department to re-
duce controls to a level that is
absolutely necessary.
As is the case under the For-
eign Investment Law, investors
should take care to stick to their
timelines submitted as part of
the investment proposal. If dead-
lines for constructing the factory
and starting operations are not
met without sufcient cause, the
management committee may
withdraw the investment permit.
The SEZ Law states that busi-
nesses in an SEZ may “receive
and make payments in a foreign
currency” and that the developer
and investors are “entitled to ex-
change and transfer foreign cur-
rency within the SEZ or overseas”,
but it is to be hoped that future
implementing guidelines will
contain more explicit guarantees
on the repatriation of profits.
Like the Foreign Investment
Law, the SEZ Law prohibits the
employment of unskilled foreign-
ers, stipulating that 25pc of the
skilled employees must be locals
within the first two years of oper-
ation. This threshold increases to
50pc in the third and fourth, and
to 75pc in the fifth and sixth years.
Sebastian and Kyaw are consultants
with Polastri Wint & Partners Legal &
Tax Advisors.
using Fokker F28 jets and ATR turboprops.
For flights to smaller domestic airports,
Myanma Airways uses Beechcraft and Cess-
na planes.
“We are pleased at GE to work with My-
anma Airways to provide new, state-of-the-
art Boeing aircraft,” said Norman Liu, presi-
dent and chief executive of GECAS.
“This is an important milestone for the
airline and for the development of Myan-
mar’s aviation industry.”
U Nyan Htun Aung said the new Boeing
planes would be used to expand the car-
rier’s routes to Japan and South Korea.
He said the rapid rise in both domestic
and international passenger growth rates
since decades of junta rule ended in 2011
provided the impetus for the airline to
He said the 10 leased Boeing aircraft
would “greatly enhance” the reform of My-
anma Airways as well as the government’s
push to develop the country’s air transport
The carrier’s sole international destina-
tion currently is Gaya in India, which is
important for Buddhist pilgrims. It carried
500,000 passengers last year compared to
230,000 in 2010.
Japan’s All-Nippon Airways last year
acquired 49 percent stake in another My-
anmar-based carrier, Asian Wings Airways,
which commenced its first international
service to Thailand in January.
An aircraft belonging to Myanmar Airways International (MAI) sits on the runway of Yangon
Airport last week. Photo: Philip Heijmans
The United Nations Offce for Project Services (UNOPS) in Myanmar is inviting qualifed candidates to apply for
the following positions:
Sr. Title and level Duty Station Position Deadline
1. Monitoring & Evaluation Offcer, HIV/AIDS (LICA-7) Yangon National 19 Feb 14
(Vacancy extended)
2. Partnership Analyst (Intern) Yangon International 20 Feb 14
3. Programme Development (Intern) Yangon International 21 Feb 14
The beneft package for the above positions includes an attractive remuneration, 30 days annual leave and 10
holidays per year, medical insurance (for national positions), learning and development opportunities and a chal-
lenging work environment with 250 national and international colleagues.
All applications must be made through the UNOPS E-recruitment System. Please go to https://gprs.unops.org
and click on the post that you are interested in applying for. If you do not have access to the internet, please contact
UNOPS directly on the numbers below.
For any quires please do not hesitate to contact UNOPS at 95 1 657 281-7 Ext: 147
Australia Awards Scholarships
Information Session
The Australian Embassy invites all interested
persons to attend an information session on
the Australia Awards Scholarship program.Full
details about the application process will be
explained and answers given to all your ques-
Venue: Sedona Hotel, Yangon
Date: Saturday 22 February 2014
Time: 10am - 12pm & 2pm - 4pm.
Further information
Website: www.australiaawards.gov.au
Phone: 01 25 18 10 (Ext 116)
Australia Awards
Business Development manager
Marketing manager
Sales and distribution manager
Brand manager
Logistic officer
Medical doctor
Project manager
Sales engineer
Site engineer
Chief Accountant
HR Manager
HR Executive
Legal executive
Passenger service agent ( airline)
Customer service
No. 851/853 (A/B), 3rd Floor, Room (7/8), Bogyoke Aung San Road,
Lanmadaw Township, Yangon, Myanmar.
Tel: (951) 229 437, 09 49 227 773, 09 730 94007
Email: esearch@yangon.net.mm, esearch.myanmar@gmail.com
www.esearchmyanmar.com www.facebook.com/esearchmyanmar



Business 29 www.mmtimes.com
FLEDGLING carrier VietJetAir on Tues-
day ordered 63 Airbus A320 jets with a
list price of US$6.4 billion in a massive
expansion program that underscores
Asia’s central role in the future of world
The deal, signed on the opening
day of the Singapore Airshow, also cov-
ers rights to acquire or lease 38 more
A320s, potentially boosting the budget
carrier’s current fleet of 11 A320s ten-
“The A320 has proven to be extreme-
ly efcient in service with VietJetAir
and is a favourite with our passengers,”
the firm’s managing director Luu Duc
Khanh said in a press statement issued
by Airbus.
The Vietnamese airline, founded
only in 2011, plies domestic routes as
well as services to Bangkok, Seoul and
Kunming in China with its current fleet
of leased planes.
“We look forward to developing our
business across the Asia Pacific region,”
Luu said, adding that Airbus would
be a “strategic partner” in its regional
Fabrice Bregier, the president and
chief executive of Airbus, said the order
“reinforces the A320 family’s position as
the preferred choice in the single aisle
market, both for full service and low
cost carriers”.
“We look forward to working with
VietJetAir as it brings ever more aford-
able air travel to the fast growing South
East Asian market,” he said in the state-
In addition to the 63 A320s on firm
order, VietJetAir has rights to buy 30
more and lease another eight from third
parties for a total of 101 new planes.
Mr Bregier said at a media briefing
that the carrier may need even more or-
ders because of the explosive growth in
passenger trafc in Vietnam.
“In Asia, we expect a [passenger
trafc] growth year-on-year of close
to 6 percent for the next 20 years. In
Vietnam, it will be close to 30 pc year-
on-year. This is really impressive.”
There have been more than 10,100
orders and 5900 deliveries of the A320s
since it hit the market to over 300 cus-
tomers and operators, making it the
world’s bestselling single-aisle aircraft,
according to Airbus.
Chu Viet Cuong, a member of Vi-
etJetAir’s board of directors, told AFP
the airline will fund the purchases with
money arranged by international finan-
cial institutions. – AFP
Vietnam jet deal boosts
role in global aviation
Fabrice Bregier, President and CEO of Airbus presents
an Airbus model to Nguyen Thi Phuang Thao, CEO
of VietJetAir after a signing ceremony during the
Singapore Airshow on February 11. Photo: AFP
INDONESIAN flag-carrier Garuda
is developing a new aviation hub
on Bintan Island near Singapore to
strengthen its domestic and inter-
national network, it was announced
last week.
Garuda entered into a partner-
ship with Singapore-based firm
Gallant Venture, which will invest
Sg$300 million (US$237 million)
into the project.
The two firms signed an agree-
ment at the Singapore Airshow to
jointly develop Bintan as Garuda’s
new hub with a dedicated airport for
the carrier and its subsidiary as well
as a centre for aircraft maintenance.
Garuda will also promote Bintan,
an island with white-sand beaches
and resorts less than an hour by boat
from Singapore, as a tourism desti-
“Currently the airport is under
construction. They have started with
a runway that is 3000 metres [10,000
feet] that is quite long and can land
wide-body [aircraft],” Emirsyah Sa-
tar, CEO of Garuda Indonesia, told a
media briefing.
“This new operation out of Bin-
tan will help strengthen Garuda’s
network development, with a po-
tential to connect East Indonesia
with West Indonesia and become the
meeting point for our international
flights to Europe and the Far East,”
Mr Satar added.
“With our regional fleet stationed
in Bintan, Garuda will be able to be
more competitive to service the sec-
ond tier tourist and business destina-
tion cities within ASEAN.”
Indonesian carriers are setting up
aviation hubs across the vast archi-
pelago because of congestion at the
main airport in Jakarta.
Bintan will be Garuda’s fifth hub
in Indonesia after Jakarta, Makasar
in Sulawesi, Denpasar in Bali and
Medan in Sumatra.
The Bintan aviation hub will
include a 177-hectare (438-acre)
aerospace industrial park housing
a maintenance, repair and overhaul
facility. – AFP
Indonesia’s Garuda
to build new hub
near Singapore
Size of an aerospace industrial park
housing a maintenance, repair and
overhaul facility to be built within the
Bintan Island aviation hub.
BUSINESS EDITOR: Philip Heijmans | pheijmans13@gmail.com
LAND speculation is driving hundreds
of squatters in Yangon’s Dala township
from their homes as new owners ac-
quire the land on which their houses
are built and evict them, residents said.
The new owners typically fence
in their land and order those living
there to demolish or dismantle their
houses. More than 20 houses have al-
ready been razed, and about 100 more
are slated for demolition, said a Dala
“We have to rebuild our house on
Bo Min Yaung Road after dismantling
it. The new owner of the land said we
could live here until the end of the
month,” said a resident of Dala’s Min-
done Street.
Speculators can acquire a 12x18
metre (40ft-by-60ft) plot in Dala’s Yar-
za Thingyan ward for K45 million, or
K16 million for a 6-by-8m (20ft-by-60
ft) plot, local real estate agent U Hla
Chit told The Myanmar Times.
He added, “Chinese are buying land
in our ward. Then they tell the people
living on the land they bought to move.
About 20 houses have been demol-
ished. Some residents rent their land,
but they have to pay a year in advance.”
This could be up to K90,000, he said.
“People who don’t have enough
money move to Naungdone. Some
squatters or tenants are lucky because
landowners haven’t sold [yet].”
Daw Aye Sein, 77, of Bo Min Yaung
Street, Yarza Thingyan ward, said “I
have been here for 17 years. We have
eight household members including
an adopted child. Now the plot we live
on has been sold and the new owner
fenced it, and our house was knocked
She said she has to live on the
street because she cannot aford rent
or rebuilding costs.
“We have nowhere to go. We have
to sleep under a makeshift roof. In the
daytime, we have to sit at the roadside
outside the fence,” she added.
“We have to depend on charity
for our food. My sons are working as
[dock loaders] at Dala port, but my
daughter lives with her husband.”
A Yangon City Development Com-
mittee spokesperson said he was una-
ware of the evictions.
“Most Dala residents are not land-
owners, and they built their house on
vacant land they did not own,” said the
head of the ward administration ofce
of Yarza Thingyan.
“The price of land here is high due
to the news that a bridge would be
built between Yangon and Dala. The
new landowners are also worried that
the squatters could claim their land in
the future,” he added.
– Translation by Thiri Min Htun
Dala squatters ordered off land
A woman and her son sit at their makeshift home in Dala township after having been evicted from their squat residence. Photo: Boothee
YANGON’S current stock of 9000
rooms is set to more than double in
coming years, a regional government
minister says.
While the city has 190 licensed
hotels with more than 9000 rooms,
the government has granted permis-
sion for about 250 hotels with more
than 20,000 rooms, Yangon Region
Minister for Hotels and Tourism U
Soe Min said at a ceremony on Feb-
ruary 8 to mark the first anniversary
of the Myanmar Hoteliers Associa-
tion (Yangon Zone).
“As tourist arrivals have increased,
more hotels are needed and some ho-
tels are expanding,” U Soe Min said.
“Some [of the new projects have]
already opened and some are under
construction. The development of the
hotel sector is helping to increase the
country’s income.”
Hoteliers Association secretary U
Pyae Phyo Tun, who is also general
manager of Yangon’s Pho Sein Hotel,
said the increase in applications to
open hotels in Yangon has been driv-
en by the local business community.
He said many Myanmar busi-
nesspeople are opening hotels with
50-60 rooms, which can be built rel-
atively quickly. These hotels would
be essential for Myanmar in 2014
because it is hosting hundreds of
ASEAN meetings.
“Foreign investors weren’t in-
terested in doing hotel projects for
ASEAN,” he said. “Only local inves-
tors were interested to build small
hotels and quickly finish them by
the end of 2013.”
Among the new investors is Ad-
venture Myanmar Tours & Incentive.
A spokesperson said the company
planned to invest US$56 million in
a “five-star” hotel in Yangon and has
received permission from Myanmar
Investment Commission.
“We have also got permission
from the government to build a high-
standard hotel in Mandalay,” the
spokesperson said.
Yangon hotel room supply
now set to double: minister
Amount that Adventure Myanmar Tours
& Incentive plans to invest in a new five-
star hotel in Yangon 
FACTORIES dumping waste into Man-
dalay’s waterways could be closed down,
the city’s development committee has
warned. Mandalay City Development
Committee has given industries 15 days
to comply with clean-water regulations.
“Factories near ditches and creeks
shouldn’t take the easy way out in dis-
posing of their liquid waste. The Sedaw-
gyi irrigation channel is for surplus wa-
ter from the dam. But some companies
in the industrial zone are dumping their
wastewater into it,” said MCDC member
U Tun Kyi at a February 8 meeting.
He added, “We have given priority
to the development of business in the
past. But development can bring pol-
lution, and from now on, we will take
action against pollution under the
Laying down a 15-day deadline for
companies to ensure that their waste
was carried in the pipelines provided,
he added: “After the deadline, if we find
unsystematic discarding of waste wa-
ter, we will confiscate the licence, and
close the factory until you follow the
About 36 industrialists from 90
factories attended the meeting, which
was called to discuss the entry of liquid
waste from tanneries, distilleries and
soap factories in the industrial zone
into Nat Yay Kan fishery through the ir-
rigation channel.
U Maung Maung Oo, secretary of
the Industrial Zone Management Com-
mittee, said, “At first, factories in the in-
dustrial zone used to dispose of waste-
water in a ditch. But that generated
pollution and a stench, so in 2006 we
built a 10-inch-waste pipe for polluted
water. Industrialists themselves built it
with technical assistance from the de-
partment of engineering. It cost K110.15
Saying companies would follow the
regulations, he asked for more time to
comply, and for technical assistance
from the sanitation department.
The 28 owners of the tanneries in
the industrial zone started laying the
1000-foot pipeline on February 10, said
U Maung Tint, a member of the man-
agement committee. “We are starting
now because we were asked to provide
a model for other industries,” said U
Maung Tint of the Swan Inn tannery.
“We are consulting to use a 5-6-
inch pipeline, though MCDC allows
a 3-inch pipe. The cost may be from
K20 million to K50 million. We will try
to finish it within 15 days, but we are
not sure it will be finished before the
The 10-inch waste pipe discard-
ing wastewater into Taung Inn Myauk
Inn is 11,000 feet long and there are
nine factories using that pipe, accord-
ing to MCDC’s water and sanitation
– Translation by Thiri Min Htun
Authorities to crack down on
illegal wastewater dumping
Mandalay authorities threaten to shut down businesses conducting illegal dumping
in local waterways with industrial factories at the forefront of the investigation
Land speculation in Yangon’s Dala township sees new buyers snatching up old properties as hundreds of families are forced into desolation
Potential cost of a new pipeline in
Mandalay meant to deter further
pollution in the area
The family nook
This spacious home, set in a 720 sq
m (8000 square-foot) compound con-
venient for Ocean Supercentre and
the Myanmar Convention Centre, of-
fers plenty of room for a family. The
two-storey house covers 360 sq m
(4000 sq ft), including four double
bedrooms and two single rooms,
plus living and dining rooms. Seven
air conditioners keep it airy and cool.
A carport adjoins the house.
Though not close to down-
town, Mindhamma Road, Mayan-
gone township, is convenient for
The house is newly decorated and
furnished, offering a telephone land-
line, tube well and municipal water,
and power meter.
– Myat Nyein Aye
Location : Mindhamma Road,
Mayangone tsp.
Price : US$6000 (rent)
Contact : Estate Myanmar
real estate agency
Phone : 09 43118787
09 25408567
THE Yangon regional government is set
to draw lots to decide which of more
than 13,000 applicants will receive per-
mission to buy new low-cost housing
at North Dagon township’s new Bo Ba
Htoo housing project, a Yangon City
Development Committee (YCDC) of-
cial said.
Located on Bo Ba Htoo road, the
new housing project comprises a total
of 593 apartment units, 330 of which
are 55 square metres (614 sq ft) and
will be sold for K25.5 million each. An
additional 90 units, at 83 sq m (927 sq
ft) each, are the most expensive in the
compound and will be sold for K34.7
million each, said U Nay Win, deputy
head of the department of engineering
for the YCDC.
“Since this project is implemented
by Yangon Regional Government, they
will carry out drawing the lots,” said U
Nay Win.
“After the Bo Ba Htoo project, anoth-
er project, the Bo Min Yaung housing
project, will be allocated to the public
after it is completed,” he said, adding
that the YCDC’s engineering depart-
ment received more than 13,000 appli-
cations for the Bo Ba Htoo apartments
during the three-week application win-
dow last month.
He also said that successful ap-
plicants may either pay the entire
cost of a unit by taking out a bank
loan or through instalments that will
be ofered with a 30-percent down
– Translation by Thiri Min Htun
Yangon govt draws lots
for affordable housing
YANGON is my home, but the in-
troduction of epic trafc jams has
revealed the inadequacy of the road
network. Simply put: It wasn’t built
to handle the number of cars on the
streets but more new vehicles are join-
ing the backs of the lines every day.
The city’s planners are busy try-
ing to solve the problems but they
are fighting a losing battle. The trafc
jams are here to stay until expensive
public transport works are completed,
and it appears that municipal-level
talks over such an undertaking are
only preliminary.
There are major projects underway
to ease congestion at the Bayintnaung
junction, which will combine an over-
pass with a new bridge over the river.
When it’s finished it will join the re-
cently opened Shwegondaing over-
pass and the marginally older Hledan
fly-over; both are already doing a fine
job cutting travel times from north to
south and vice versa.
However, both have shown that
easing trafc at one spot only passes
the congestion downstream – a logical
analogy given how trafc flows.
And in the case of both overpass-
es the next snarl heading south is a
roundabout – at U Wisara for Pyay
Road and at the south-eastern corner
of Shwedagon after the Shwegondaing
Teams of trafc police are doing
well to keep the trafc moving during
the day, particularly along the north-
south routes, and ensure the relatively
swift movement of vehicles in those
directions. But herein lies the prob-
lem: What about getting from east to
west and vice versa?
Yangon’s biggest and most efcient
roads run north-south, mostly feeding
trafc into downtown.
East-west, however, is more chal-
lenging: Strand Road, Merchant Road,
Anawrahta Road and Bogyoke Aung
San Road prove to be an obstacle and
it is often quicker to simply walk be-
tween the vehicles caught in gridlock
trafc. The situation uptown is just as
bad as motorists have these few op-
tions: Ahlone Road and its extensions
to the east, Natmauk around Kandaw-
gyi Lake, Dhammazedi and Shwe-
gongdaing – all of which can become
congested with bumper-to-bumper
Further north, however, gets better
with University Avenue Road, while
Parami is probably the best east-west
road in the city. To the east and west
of Inya Lake there are other east-west
roads that operate quite well, especial-
ly feeding Yankin, South Okkalapa and
Thingangyun townships.
Even removing the quagmire that
is downtown, getting east-west across
the city during working hours is a
nightmare. The emphasis on moving
trafc north-south means long waits at
roundabouts and major intersections,
while the proliferation of schools and
shopping centres on east-west roads
add unpredictable blockages, multi-
plied by the city’s fleet of public buses.
Improving flows east-west is not an
easy thing to do and the most obvious
short term fix will be to replace the
roundabouts with trafc lights, which
should at least end the gridlock that
happens at those sites when the po-
lice are not diligent. Further attempts
to manage trafc will surely result in
more overpasses – and the extensive
delays and chaos they bring.
Of course, the long-term solution
is upgrading public transport – be-
ginning with the existing Yangon
Circular Railway, but even without
it, the train currently manages to
get from Central Station to Ahlone
Station in about 15 minutes, much
faster than by car.
Stuart Deed, formerly business editor at
The Myanmar Times, has lived in Yangon
since 2006. He now works as director of
operations for local realty firm Myanmar
Real Estate.
Yangon: a city caught
in a state of gridlock
PARLIAMENT has approved a new law
authorising the Yangon City Develop-
ment Committee (YCDC) to demolish
buildings constructed without a per-
mit, said deputy director of the engi-
neering department U Nay Win.
Alarmed at the number of buildings
going up without a permit – YCDC es-
timates there may be 1000 this year –
the city sought legal authorisation from
parliament to take action. They also
have in their sights construction that
takes place on land sold without an of-
ficial sales contract.
Now that the hluttaw has agreed,
YCDC plans to enforce the new law.
“We have to take efective action
against construction without a permit.
We are prepared to demolish buildings
under construction if they are at the
foundation stage. We will take legal ac-
tion against the owners of buildings in
a more advanced state of construction,”
U Nay Win told The Myanmar Times.
Next month, engineering depart-
ment workers will start making field
observations. They are prepared to
order four or five demolitions in each
township as an example to others.
Even buildings with permits could
be in violation if the terms are ex-
ceeded. “We might give a permit for
a three-storey house on land which is
bought without a sale contract that is
registered with YCDC. But if the build-
er goes above three storeys, we will take
action against them too,” he said.
Estate agent Ko Min Min Soe wel-
comed the YCDC action, saying resi-
dents in no-permit buildings were at a
In the current financial year,
YCDC has issued permits for 625
high-rise buildings, 2496 houses and
132 fences.
YCDC to demolish illegal buildings
“We have nowhere to go. We have to sleep under a makeshift roof. In
the daytime, we have to sit at the roadside outside the fence.”
— Daw Aye Sein
Riot police move in on
Thai protesters
32 Property THE MYANMAR TIMES FEBRUARY 17 - 23, 2014
TURKEY vowed last week to press
ahead with the construction of what
could become one of the world’s busiest
airports despite a court order halting
work over environmental concerns.
A court last month suspended work
on Istanbul’s third airport after local
residents and environmental groups
filed a lawsuit, arguing that the op-
erations caused serious damage to the
environment, the Hurriyet newspaper
But Transport Minister Lutfi Elvan
said the suspension was temporary and
that it would not interfere with con-
struction of the airport, which Turkey
estimates will handle 150 million pas-
sengers annually when complete.
“This was a decision only for a tem-
porary suspension pending the environ-
mental impact approval report. In no
way will it afect the construction of the
airport,” he told reporters.
Environment and Urban Develop-
ment Minister Idris Gulluce said his
ministry would appeal the decision,
which he believed was a “factual mis-
“We will appeal ... Our airport will
be built without any interruption or
break,” he said. “No one should come to
the conclusion that the airport will be
prevented and Turkey’s world-famous
project will be halted.”
Turkey’s General Directorate of State
Airports Authority (DHMI) also said
construction would continue.
“The said court decision does not
halt operations carried out in accord-
ance with the New Istanbul Airport
contract signed in May 2013,” it said.
“Processes regarding the project con-
tinue as planned.”
The court requested an expert re-
port on construction plans and is ex-
pected to make a final decision on the
fate of the project within one year.
Consortium, a Turkish joint venture,
won a tender for the project last May
after bidding 22 billion euros (US$30
million) for a 25-year lease to build and
operate the planned airport.
The first stage of the construction
would be completed in four years.
The new airport has the potential to
make Istanbul a mega aviation hub, as
the city’s current Ataturk airport, which
has come close to reaching its limits,
reported a record 16.7 percent jump in
passenger numbers in 2012, surpassing
its European rivals, according to the
International Air Transport Authority
The announcement of the plans
to build a third airport in the north of
Turkey’s biggest city was greeted with
anger by many groups.
Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdog-
an’s government is frequently criticised
for its ambitious construction plans for
the bustling city of 16 million people –
which also include a third bridge across
the Bosphorus and a canal parallel to
the international waterway to ease traf-
fic congestion.
The building industry has boomed
under Mr Erdogan but a controversial
corruption probe is currently investi-
gating allegations of high-level bribery
linked to some construction projects.
The probe has implicated members
of Mr Erdogan’s inner circle, includ-
ing high-profile businessmen and has
posed a major challenge to the pre-
mier’s 11-year-rule. – AFP
Turkey to build
new airport
despite order
Authority claims court decision does not halt operations
carried out in accordance with prior contracts
The winning bid to build and operate a
planned airport in Turkey
Apartment units are clustered tightly together in Hong Kong last
week. Home prices in the southern Chinese city have risen by 120
percent since 2008, and by more than 30 pc from their previous
peak in 1997, with prices in the luxury market being pushed up by
wealthy buyers from mainland China. Photo: AFP
WORK on expanding the Panama Ca-
nal was unlikely to resume at the end
of last week as local ofcials face nego-
tiations with foreign builders after the
project was halted in a dispute over
cost overruns.
The multi-billion-dollar plan to build
larger locks on the 50-mile (80-kilome-
tre) waterway linking the Atlantic and
Pacific Oceans stopped last week in a
row over who will pay an additional
US$1.6 billion bill.
The independent Panama Canal
Authority (ACP) and GUPC consorti-
um – a group of international builders
headed by Spain’s Sacry Vallehermoso
– exchanged proposals throughout the
day, but without a deal.
“We keep open the possibility of
reaching an agreement, and we are
making an efort towards that goal,”
said ACP chief Jorge Quijano.
According to the builders, “talks
with the ACP are ongoing and are ex-
pected to continue next week.”
Bankers financing the $3.2 billion
contract to expand the canal visited the
worksite earlier this month.
The project is designed to widen the
canal so that massive cargo ships can
pass through. It is one of the world’s
most ambitious biggest civil engineer-
ing projects and was due to be com-
pleted next year.
The builders have said completion
may be delayed by up to five years.
The consortium has accused the
Panama Canal Authority of breaking
of negotiations. It says the authority
failed in obligations to pay a $50 mil-
lion bill and to help pay workers and
GUPC had ofered to split the cost
of finishing the dig with the Canal Au-
thority and then let arbitrators decide
who pays for the overrun.
The Panamanians suggest a deal
could be reached if the builders com-
mit to specific dates for stages of the
job to be ready. There would also be a
ban on further cost overruns.
The GUPC claims unforeseen geo-
logical difculties have forced them to
spend much more on cement than ex-
pected. They say that they based their
estimates on data provided by the Ca-
nal Authority that was incorrect.
The consortium of builders includes
Italy’s Impreglio, Jan de Nul from Bel-
gium, and Panama’s Constructora Ur-
bana. The original canal, built by the
United States mostly with workers
brought in from the Caribbean, was
completed in 1914.
It ofers a shortcut and safer jour-
ney for maritime trafc, is used by
13,000-14,000 ships each year, handling
five percent of world sea trade.
The canal generates $960 mil-
lion a year for Panama, nearly 10
percent of the country’s total annual
income. – AFP
Panama, Spanish-led consortium
bargain over canal expansion
BSN medical GmbH of Quickbornstrasse 24, D-20253 Hamburg,
GERMANY, is the Owner and Sole Proprietor of the following
Trade Mark:-
BSN medical
Reg.No.IV/471/2001 Reg.No.IV/7116/2007
Reg.No.IV/9161/2010 Reg.No.IV/9162/2010
Reg.No. IV/ 11069 /2013
in respect of “Pharmaceutical, veterinary, sanitary and health care
preparations; dietetic substances adapted for medical use; food
for babies; plasters, dressing and bandaging materials; material
for stopping teeth; dental wax, disinfectants; preparations for
destroying vermin fungicides and herbicides; surgical, medical,
dental and veterinary apparatus and instruments; artifcial limbs,
eyes and teeth; orthopedic articles; surgical suture materials”.
Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said Trade
Mark or other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with
according to law.
Khine Khine U, Advocate
LL.B, D.B.L, LL.M (UK)
For BSN medical GmbH
#205/5, Thirimingalar Housing, Strand Rd., Yangon.
Dated. February 17, 2014
Science & Technology 33 www.mmtimes.com
THE black market in SIM cards ap-
pears to be on the brink of extinc-
tion. Now that Ooredoo and Telenor
have been selected as operators to
develop the nationwide mobile net-
work, savvy customers are waiting to
go legit.
Qatari telecoms provider Ooredoo
says its cards will be available in six
months, and Norway-based Telenor
says its 30 million cards will be on
the street by October.
A GSM SIM card with a face value
of K1500 can now be had under the
table for about K11,500, while K5000
top-up cards can fetch K60,000-
“The black market in SIM cards is
down a little as demand sags. Many
people are waiting for the release
of the operators’ SIM cards. If they
release enough of them, I think the
black market could disappear,” said
Ma Pa Pa of KKA Mobile shop in
Kyauktada township.
“I will buy the operators’ SIM
cards because they will be cheap and
plentiful. They will also guarantee
the best internet connection. I think
the SIM card black market will dis-
appear” agreed mobile aficionado Ko
Aung Thu.
Myanma Posts and Telecommuni-
cations has been distributing 35,000
cheap SIM cards via the state and
regional governments since last
April, and the K1500 SIM cards since
last July. The scarcity has driven the
unofcial rate as high as K180,000.
“People don’t buy the K1500
CDMA SIM card because CDMA
handsets are rare. We’re looking
forward to the operators’ cards. The
black market could disappear,” said
tech enthusiast U Min Nin.
“People with K500,000 and
K200,000 SIM cards are trying to
sell them. But the black market will
disappear if the operators sell un-
limited numbers,” added U Htet Lin
Kyaw, general manager of Mr Fone
Telecom Centre in South Okkalapa
MPT began distributing 500,000
WCDMA SIM cards for pensioners
last month, and told The Myanmar
Times it is welcoming the coming
rush of cheap SIM cards. “MPT
will be in competition with the op-
erators, but our advantage is that we
know the states and regions. We may
just reduce the rates a little,” said an
MPT engineer.
Will cheap SIM cards
end the black market?
‘The black market
will disappear if
the operators sell
unlimited numbers.’
U Htet Lin Kyaw
GM of Mr Fone Telecom Centre
Civil society wary of World Bank
telecom project
A group of 61 civil society organisa-
tions have joined forces to express their
dismay over the World Bank’s Telecom
Sector Reform project, which will award
the government US$ 31.5
million of credit to put towards revamp-
ing the nation communication networks.
Given the former government’s
long history of spying on citizens and the
lack of privacy rights under current law,
groups like the US Campaign for Burma
are worried the innovations brought
by the project will make invasions of
privacy even easier.
“The World Bank’s failure to promote
privacy and security reform in Burma
while expanding telecom capacity
will enable the Burmese government
to further engage in surveillance,
censorship, and other abuses” reads a
statement from the US Campaign for
Burma. – Staff
Martell MP3 Speaker (DS-XO01)
The ‘novelty’ bottle design is a bit
strange, but don’t let that turn you
of. This MP3 Speaker has ports for
both a memory stick and micro SD
Card. Rechargeable and usable with a
5C Battery. All in all, a fine purchase
for the audio-lover in your life.
K 22,000
Nook (e-book Reader Tablet)
This is a good present for the lover
who loves reading. It has built- in
memory 16GB for games and applica-
tions, but it can add Micro SD Card
for more applications. With day and
night mood for reading. Some English
books have sound function to be able
to listen the story. K 105,000
COCO Phone (Bluetooth)
A handset for those who miss the
feel of yester-year’s phones . How-
ever, for this price, you need to
really miss them. Compatible with
all Bluetooth devices. Recharge-
K 30,000
– Myo Set
These fine gadgets are available at Beno Sony game Enterprise Ltd.
No.259, Barr Street (Upper Block), Kyauktada township, Yangon. Ph: 01-256 417, 09-8622744
WorldWORLD EDITOR: Bridget Di Certo | bridget.dicerto@gmail.com
Elephants are
pictured ahead
of a religious
in Colombo,
Sri Lanka on
February 14. Some
70 elephants,
most of them
from the central
part of the
island, together
with thousands
of traditional
dancers, and
monks gathered
in the Sri
Lankan capital
to participate
in the city’s
biggest two-day
annual Buddhist
procession which
was first held in
1979. Photo: AFP
A SPECTACULAR volcanic eruption in
Indonesia has killed at least two peo-
ple and forced mass evacuations, dis-
rupting long-haul flights and closing
international airports.
Mount Kelud, considered one of
the most dangerous volcanoes on the
main island of Java, spewed red-hot
ash and rocks high into the air late on
February 13 just hours after its alert
status was raised.
TV images showed ash and rocks
raining down on nearby villages, while
AFP correspondents at the scene saw
terrified locals covered in ash fleeing
in cars and on motorbikes towards
evacuation centres.
A man and a woman, both in their
60s, were crushed to death after vol-
canic material blanketed rooftops,
causing their separate homes in the
sub-district of Malang to cave in, Na-
tional Disaster Mitigation Agency
spokesman Sutopo Purwo Nugroho
“The homes were poorly built and
seemed to have collapsed easily under
the weight,” he said.
Some 200,000 people in a 10-kilo-
metre (6-mile) radius from the volcano
were ordered to evacuate, according
to national disaster ofcials, though
many tried to return to their homes to
gather clothing and valuables -- only
to be forced back by a continuous
downpour of volcanic materials.
“A rain of ash, sand and rocks is
reaching up to 15 kilometres (nine
miles)” from the volcano’s crater, Nu-
groho said.
Virgin Australia said it had can-
celled all its flights to and from
Phuket, Denpasar, Christmas Island
and Cocos Island on February 14, say-
ing in a statement that “the safety of
our customers is the highest priority”
and that the airline would keep moni-
toring the plume.
A spokeswoman for Australian
airline Qantas said that February 14
flights between Jakarta and Sydney
had been pushed back to the follow-
ing day.
“Flight paths from Australia to Sin-
gapore have been altered as a result
of the volcanic ash cloud in Java,” she
The ash has blanketed the Java-
nese cities of Surabaya, Yogyakarta
and Solo, where international airports
have been closed temporarily, while
Metro TV showed images of grounded
planes covered in ash.
On the outskirts of Yogyakarta,
authorities closed Borobudur – the
world’s largest Buddhist temple,
which attracts hundred of tourists
daily – after it was also rained upon
with dust from the volcano some 200
kilometres east.
At a temporary shelter in the vil-
lage of Bladak, roughly 10 km from the
volcano’s crater, around 400 displaced
people, including children, slept on
the floor wearing safety masks.
The Center for Volcanology and Ge-
ological Hazard Mitigation said there
was little chance of another eruption
as powerful as the one of February 13,
but tremors around the volcano could
still be felt on February 14 as volcanic
materials continued to blanket the
rooftops of entire villages.
Communities within the afected
15-km radius began clearing piles of
grey ash as high as five centimetres
from roads, Nugroho said.
The National Search and Rescue
Agency warned residents not to return
home as lava was still flowing through
some villages, while sulphur was lin-
gering in the air in others.
The 1731-metre Mount Kelud has
claimed more than 15,000 lives since
1500, including around 10,000 deaths
in a massive 1568 eruption.
Earlier this month another vol-
cano, Mount Sinabung on western Su-
matra island, erupted leaving at least
16 people dead. –AFP
THOUSANDS of riot police have
been deployed in the Thai capital to
clear areas occupied for weeks by
opposition protesters, reclaiming the
besieged government headquarters
with no resistance.
The operation on February 14
marked an unexpected shift in tactics
by the embattled government, which
has allowed the protesters to camp
out at locations around Bangkok for
several months in their bid to force
Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra
from ofce.
Security forces easily re-took areas
around Government House, which Ms
Yingluck had been unable to use for
about two months, according to AFP
reporters. Most protesters appeared to
have left the area already.
“Ofcials will return to work at
Government House on Monday,”
Labour Minister Chalerm Yubamrung,
who oversaw the operation, told
reporters as he inspected the building.
Ms Yingluck and her cabinet have
been forced to work from undisclosed
locations around the city for weeks
due to the demonstrations.
The operation was focused on the
government district rather than major
intersections in the commercial centre
that have become the main focus of
the rallies in recent weeks as part of
what protesters have described as the
“Bangkok shutdown”.
So far the authorities have not
announced any plan to clear those
intersections, where hundreds of
protesters are gathered.
But there are plans to re-take several
other sites including the interior
Riot police move in on Thai protesters
Kerry meets Xi amid territorial tensions
Volcano erupts in Java
Indonesian soldiers evacuate ash-covered residents in Malang, East Java
province on February 14. Photo: AFP
US Secretary of State John Kerry has
met with Chinese President Xi Jin-
ping as US security allies Tokyo and
Manila expressed increasing concern
over China’s far-reaching territorial
Mr Kerry met Mr Xi at the Great
Hall of the People, followed by talks
with Chinese Foreign Minister Wang
The top US diplomat’s trip came at
a pivotal moment for the region, with
flaring disputes between Beijing and
Tokyo over their World War II history
and disputed islands in the East Chi-
na Sea sending relations between the
Asian powers plummeting to their
lowest point in recent years.
China stands ready to work with
the US, Mr Wang said, “so that we
can truly reflect the principle of non-
confrontation, non-conflict, mutual
respect and win-win cooperation in
all aspects of our relationship”.
Later, Mr Kerry stressed the need
to “set an example for this major-
power relationship”.
“I think the world is always wait-
ing to see whether China and the
United States can find the common
ground despite some diferences,” he
Fears of an aerial or maritime
clash over the East China Sea islands
have spiked following Beijing’s recent
declaration of an air defence identifi-
cation zone in the area’s skies, which
Washington condemned. Chinese and
Japanese patrol boats regularly shad-
ow each other in the waters near the
At the same time Beijing has been
acting increasingly assertively in the
South China Sea, which it claims al-
most in its entirety. – AFP
Syrian refugees tell
how they lived off
leaves and worms
Malaysia’s Banksy
takes street art world
by storm
China eyes South
Pole in race for
Russia slams EU over Ukraine
Russian Foreign Minister Sergei
Lavrov has rebuked the European
Union for trying to extend its “sphere
of influence” amid deteriorating rela-
tions over the political crisis in Kiev.
“Pressuring Ukraine in one direc-
tion, while warning that it faces an
‘either-or’ choice, either the EU or
Russia, is essentially trying to create
a sphere of influence,” Mr Lavrov said
at a press conference on 14 Febru-
ary with his German counterpart
Frank-Walter Steinmeier, who is on a
two-day visit to Moscow.
“That is obvious and no beautiful
words can change that,” Russia’s top
diplomat said.
Ukraine, an ex-Soviet nation of 46
million people, has been in chaos
since November when President
Viktor Yanukovych ditched a planned
EU trade and political pact in favour
of closer ties with Moscow, stunning
pro-EU parts of the population and
sparking violent protests.
Intelligence agent indicted
A Taiwanese military intelligence
officer who went AWOL and unsuc-
cessfully sought political asylum in
Britain was indicted on February 14
on desertion charges, prosecutors
Yeh Mei, a 33-year-old lieutenant
with the Military Intelligence Agency,
had been put on Taiwan’s wanted list
after failing to return for duty follow-
ing an overseas trip in 2012.
Ms Yeh confessed to seeking
permission from her superior for
a sightseeing trip to Thailand with
the intention of deserting her duties
because she could not adjust to a
military career, and fled to Britain via
Bangkok in June 2012, prosecutors
said in a statement.
The offence is punishable by a
maximum five-year jail term.

Italy’s PM resigns amid turmoil
Italian Prime Minister Enrico Letta has
formally stepped down in a flash politi-
cal crisis and his 39-year-old leftist
challenger Matteo Renzi is poised to
win the nomination to replace him.
Mr Letta announced on February 13
that he would submit his resignation
to President Giorgio Napolitano fol-
lowing his final cabinet meeting after
less than a year in power at the head
of an uneasy coalition.
The drama in Rome comes after
weeks of feuding between Mr Letta
and Mr Renzi, the newly-elected
ambitious leader of the governing
centre-left Democratic Party.
Hindu book ban laws condemned
Publisher Penguin has blamed India’s
“intolerant” laws for its decision to
pull and pulp a book on Hinduism in
the country, that sparked a furious
free speech row.
Days after agreeing to withdraw a
2009 book “The Hindus: An Alterna-
tive History” to settle a court battle,
Penguin India insisted it was commit-
ted to free thought and expression.
But Penguin said it also “has
the same obligation as any other
organisation to respect the laws of
the land in which it operates, however
intolerant and restrictive those laws
may be.”
“We also have a moral responsibil-
ity to protect our employees against
threats and harassment where we
can,” its statement on February 14
Penguin drew fire from writers and
champions of free speech over its de-
cision on February 10 to pull the book
rather than fight the case, brought by
an activist group which took offence
to the depiction of the Hindu religion.
Belgium backs child euthenasia
Belgium has become the first country
to allow euthanasia for terminally ill
children of all ages, after a heated
debate in which critics questioned a
child’s ability to make the decision to
Despite opposition from the Church,
and some pediatricians, parliament
adopted the legislation on February 13
by 86 votes to 44, with 12 abstentions.
The ground-breaking legislation
makes the largely Catholic country the
second after the Netherlands to allow
mercy-killing for children, and the first
to lift all age restrictions.
“It is not a question of imposing
euthanasia on anyone ... but of allowing
a child not to agonise in pain,” said
Socialist MP Karine Lalieux. – AFP
Riot police move in on Thai protesters
ministry, National Security Council
chief Paradorn Pattanatabut told
AFP, saying ofcials would attempt to
negotiate with the demonstrators first.
“We will re-take wherever we can
and arrest protest leaders,” he said.
“It’s not a crackdown on the protests
-- it’s enforcement of the law over the
protest sites.”
Riot police removed protesters’
tents and warned demonstrators
through a loudspeaker not to resist the
operation, according to AFP reporters
at the scene. There were no reports of
“Police must clear this area where it
is dangerous and there are constantly
incidents,” police announced.
“There are also many suspects
wanted for arrest who are mixing
with protesters,” they said. “We ask
all protesters not to resist or obstruct
police work.”
Ms Yingluck’s government held a
general election earlier this month
in an attempt to assuage opposition
protesters who have staged more
than three months of mass street
demonstrations demanding her
Mr Paradorn said there was illegal
assembly and possession of weapons
at the rally sites.
“These are all government ofces
and the government has to serve the
people,” he said.
The protesters want Ms Yingluck
to stand down to make way for an
unelected “People’s Council” to enact
reforms to tackle corruption and
alleged vote-buying before new polls
are held.
The main opposition Democrat
Party boycotted the February 2 vote,
saying it would not end a political
crisis stretching back to a military
coup in 2006 that ousted Ms Yingluck’s
elder brother Thaksin Shinawatra as
Demonstrators prevented 10,000
polling stations from opening in the
vote, afecting several million people,
mainly in opposition strongholds in
Bangkok and the south.
Protesters have occupied major
intersections in the capital since
January 13, although disruption to
people’s daily lives has been limited.
Attendance has fallen sharply, with
most sites nearly deserted for much of
the day and several thousand people
joining the rallies in the evenings.
There has been a series of grenade
attacks and shootings in the capital:
part of a wave of political violence
linked to the protests that has left at
least 10 people dead and hundreds
Ms Yingluck’s opponents say
her government is controlled by Mr
Thaksin, who fled Thailand in 2008
to avoid going to jail for a corruption
conviction and now lives in Dubai.
Pro-Thaksin parties have won
every election for more than a decade,
most recently in 2011 under Yingluck,
helped by strong support in the
northern half of the kingdom.
The Election Commission on
Tuesday set a date of April 27 for
election re-runs in constituencies
where voting was disrupted by
But there is still no decision on what
to do about 28 constituencies that have
no candidates because demonstrators
blocked the registration process.
On February 12, in a boost to the
government, the opposition lost a
legal bid to nullify the election held
earlier this month.
Ms Yingluck also faces an
investigation by an anti-corruption
panel into possible negligence of duty
in connection with her flagship rice
subsidy scheme, a move that could
potentially result in her impeachment.
‘We will re-take
whatever we can
and arrest protest
Paradorn Pattanatabut
National Security Council Chief
POMELLATO S.p.A a company incorporate in Milano, Italy and
having its offce at Via Neera n. 37, Milano, Italy, is the Owner
and Sole Proprietor of the following Trade Marks:-
Reg.No.IV/ 14468 /2013 Reg.No.IV/ 14469 /2013
Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said Trade
Marks or other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with
according to law.
Khine Khine U, Advocate
LL.B, D.B.L, LL.M (UK)
For Sergio Rossi S.p.A
#205/5, Thirimingalar Housing, Strand Rd, Yangon.
Dated. February 17, 2014
36 World International THE MYANMAR TIMES FEBRUARY 17 - 23, 2014
THAILAND has sent around 1300 Ro-
hingya refugees back to Myanmar, a
top ofcial has acknowledged.
Thai authorities began deporting
the Rohingya in September through a
border checkpoint in the province of
Ranong, national immigration chief
Lieutenant General Pharnu Kerdlarp-
phon, told AFP on February 13,
“The whole deportation process
was completed in early November,” he
It was the first ofcial news of the
deportation, and was condemned by
rights campaigners who warned the
minority Muslims faced persecution
on their return.
Thousands of Rohingya, described
by the United Nations as among the
world’s most persecuted minorities,
have fled sectarian violence in western
Myanmar in rickety boats since 2012,
mostly heading for Malaysia.
Many of those who arrived in Thai
waters were locked up in overcrowded
immigration prisons.
“The deportation of Rohingya is a
blatant violation of international laws
that prohibit sending back refugees
and asylum-seekers to a place where
they can face danger and persecution,”
said Sunai Phasuk, a senior researcher
with New York-based Human Rights
Rights groups say the Rohingya
often fall into the hands of people-
trafckers, sometimes after they are
deported by Thailand.
Sunai urged the Thai authorities
to explain what had happened to the
1300 Rohingya, saying the foreign
ministry did not appear to have been
involved in the deportation.
There was no immediate comment
from the ministry..
But National Security Council chief
Paradorn Pattanatabut said the ma-
jority of the Rohingya had wanted to
leave Thailand.
“Most of them volunteered to go
back because Thailand was not their
destination anyway,” he said. “We facil-
itated their return and I am sure that
in Myanmar they have their place.”
Thailand said last year it was inves-
tigating allegations that some army of-
ficials in the kingdom were involved in
the trafcking of Rohingya.
Rights groups have also raised con-
cerns about alleged cases of boats be-
ing pushed back out to sea after enter-
ing Thai waters.
Hundreds are believed to have died
making the perilous sea voyage from
Roughly 500 Rohingya are believed
to remain in detention in Thailand fol-
lowing a raid on a suspected people-
trafcking camp last month.
Myanmar views its population of
roughly 800,000 Rohingya as illegal
Bangladeshi immigrants and denies
them citizenship.
More than 200 people have been
killed and more than 140,000 left
homeless in several outbreaks of Bud-
dhist-Muslim violence since June 2012
in Myanmar’s Rakhine state.
Rakhine has been left almost com-
pletely segregated on religious and
communal grounds by the unrest,
with many thousands of Muslims liv-
ing in squalid camps nearly two years
after being displaced. – AFP
Thailand returns Rohingya refugees
HIGH-level talks between the rival
Koreas have ended with a rare agree-
ment to go ahead as planned with a
reunion for divided families, despite
the North’s objections to overlapping
South Korea-US military drills.
The two sides also agreed to stop
exchanging verbal insults and to
continue their nascent dialogue at a
convenient date, according to a joint
statement read to reporters in Seoul
by South Korea’s chief talks delegate
Kim Kyou-Hyun on February 14.
The agreement, which was also
carried on the North’s ofcial KCNA
news agency, suggested a significant
concession by North Korea which had
wanted the South to postpone the Feb-
ruary 24 start of its annual military
drills with the United States until after
the reunion.
The South had refused, arguing
that the two issues – one humanitar-
ian and one military – should not be
The apparent concession and the
commitment to continue what has
been the highest-level ofcial contact
between the two countries since 2007,
will fuel hopes that they might be en-
tering a period of genuinely construc-
tive engagement.
“Agreement was reached today af-
ter North Korea accepted our position
that the family reunion event is impor-
tant ... as the first step to build trust”
Mr Kim said.
It followed two days of talks on
February 12 and 14 in the border truce
village of Panmunjom where the armi-
stice ending the 1950-53 Korean War
was signed.
The dialogue was the first sub-
stantive follow-up to statements by
the leaders of both countries, South
Korean President Park Geun-Hye and
the North’s Kim Jong-Un, professing a
desire for improved inter-Korean ties.
There had already been signs of
a shift in the North’s position at the
week’s first round, when it demanded
the military drills be postponed: a
change from its usual position that
they be cancelled entirely.
Seoul’s unequivocal rejection of
any change to the drills’ schedule be-
cause of the family reunion was lent
weight on February 13 by visiting US
Secretary of State John Kerry.
Addressing a press briefing in
Seoul, Mr Kerry urged Pyongyang to
act with “human decency” and not
try to use “one (issue) as an excuse to
somehow condition the other”.
Millions of Koreans were separated
by the 1950-53 war, and the vast ma-
jority have since died without having
had any communication at all with
surviving relatives.
Mr Kerry left for China on the
morning of February 14 following his
brief stop in Seoul, where he had fo-
cused on eforts to curb North Korea’s
nuclear weapons programme with Mr
Park and other ofcials.
While welcoming the North-
South talks in Panmunjom, Mr Kerry
stressed that Washington was not
ready to accede to Pyongyang’s de-
mand that it get involved in direct
“We’ve been through that exercise
previously, we want to know that this
is real,” he said, adding North Korea
had to take “meaningful action” to-
wards denuclearisation before a dia-
logue could begin.
“The US will not accept talks for
the sake of talks,” he said.
North Korea and its main ally
China have both urged a resumption
of stalled six-party negotiations on the
North’s nuclear programme, but South
Korea and the US have resisted.
During his visit to China, Mr Kerry
indicated that he would push Beijing
to do more to rein in Pyongyang’s nu-
clear ambitions.
“China has a unique and critical
role it can play... and no country has
a greater potential to influence North
Korea,” he said, praising moves by Bei-
jing last year to help reduce tensions
after Pyongyang carried out its third
nuclear test.
An analysis of new satellite im-
ages posted on the 38 North website
on February 14 showed stepped up
excavation activity at the North’s main
nuclear test site, although there were
no signs that any further test was im-
minent. –AFP
North and South Korea
reach rare agreement
‘The US will not
accept tals for the
sake of tals.’
John Kerry
US Secretary of State
US Secretary of State John Kerry (L) and South Korea’s Foreign Minister Yun
Byung-Se attend a press conference in Seoul on February 13. Photo: AFP
NOTICE is hereby given that Heinz Italia S.p.A. a company
organized under the laws of Italy and having its principal offce
at Via Migliara 45 Latina 04100 Italy is the Owner and Sole
Proprietor of the following trademarks:-
(Reg: No. IV/8629/2008)
(Reg: No. IV/8630/2008)
in respect of: - “Foods and beverages for infants and invalids;
dietetic foods and beverages; medicinal and pharmaceutical
preparations; and powders, essences, concentrates and other
preparations for making beverages.” – Class: 5
Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said trademarks
or other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with according to law.
U Kyi Win Associates
For Heinz Italia S.p.A.
P.O. Box No. 26, Yangon.
Phone: 372416 Dated: 17
February, 2014
NOTICE is hereby given that Millennium & Copthorne
International Limited a company organized under the laws of
Singapore and having its principal offce at 36 Robinson Road
#04-01 City House, Singapore 068877 is the Owner and Sole
Proprietor of the following trademark:-
(Reg: No. IV/9220/2013)
in respect of: - “Business management of hotels and motels and
other temporary accommodation including serviced apartments and
apartment hotels; public relations services in relation to temporary
accommodation, including hotels and motels, serviced apartments
and apartment hotels; marketing of temporary accommodation
including hotels and motels, serviced apartments and apartment
hotels including the advertising of the aforementioned services
via the Internet and other global computer networks” – Class: 35
“Temporary accommodation services, accommodation (rental of
temporary), catering (food and drink), rental of meeting rooms,
restaurants, cafés, reservations of temporary accommodation;
providing temporary housing accommodation; providing serviced
apartments; hotel services.” - Class: 43
Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said trademark or
other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with according to law.
U Kyi Win Associates
for Millennium & Copthorne International Limited
P.O. Box No. 26, Yangon.
Phone: 372416 Dated: 17
February, 2014
NOTICE is hereby given that Evolution Fresh, Inc., a company
organized and existing under the laws of the State of Delaware, USA,
carrying on business as manufactures and merchants and service
providers and having its principal offce at 1055 Cooley Avenue, San
Bernardino, California 92408, USA is the Owner and Sole Proprietor
of the following trademark:-
(Reg. No: 354/2014 in classes 32 and 43)
Class 32: Fruit juices; fruit and juice based beverages; fruit drinks and
soft drinks containing fruit juices; frozen fruit beverages and frozen fruit-
based beverages; fruit concentrates and purees used as ingredients of
beverages; beverage concentrates and syrups for making frozen blended
beverages; sparkling fruit and juice based beverages and soda beverages;
vegetable-fruit juices; vegetable-based beverages; beverages containing
vegetable juices; liquid and powdered beverage mixes; favoring syrups
for making tea and herbal tea-based beverages; water, mineral water,
sparkling water, drinking water with vitamins, and other non-alcoholic
drinks; soft drinks; soda pop beverages; sauces for making beverages;
favoring syrups for making beverages; favored and unfavored bottled
waters, mineral waters; energy drinks; soy-based beverages not being
milk substitutes.
Class 43: Restaurant, cafe, cafeteria, snack bar, carry out restaurant, and
take out restaurant services; catering services; contract food services;
food preparation; preparation and sale of carry out foods and beverages.
Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said trademark or
other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with according to law.
U Kyi Win Associates
for Evolution Fresh, Inc.
P.O. Box No. 26, Yangon.
Phone: 372416 Dated: 17
February, 2014
International World 37 www.mmtimes.com
Malaysia’s Banksy has
the ‘Ernest Factor’
A Lithuanian street artist is breathing new life into the country’s art scene
IN a crumbling, disused bus depot,
hundreds of Malaysian art lovers and
the merely curious crowd around an
unusual sight for this artistically con-
servative country: street art.
Its creator, 27-year-old Lithuanian
Ernest Zacharevic, arrived three years
ago as a backpacker with little more
than some paint supplies and the yo-yo
that he performed tricks with on the
street to earn money.
Since then, his often cheeky works
have given a jolt to a nascent street-art
scene struggling to find greater accept-
ance in a society where conservative
Muslim attitudes and censorship linger.
“Before, we didn’t have this kind of
thing,” said CP Lim, 33.
The visitor to Mr Zacharevic’s first
solo show in the city of Georgetown,
examined a life-sized installation of a
knife-wielding robber in the style of
a Lego figurine, about to pounce on a
Lego woman carrying a Chanel bag.
Many political, social and racial
issues remain touchy topics in Mus-
lim-dominated yet ethnically diverse
Malaysia, which is ruled by an authori-
tarian national government.
Experts say this has constrained art,
which also sufers from government
The Lego scene was initially a wall
mural in southern Malaysia – where a
Legoland theme park is sited – painted
late last year as a tongue-in-cheek refer-
ence to the sensitive subject of growing
crime in the country. Embarrassed lo-
cal authorities quickly whitewashed it.
But photos went viral, touching a
raw nerve among Malaysians tired of
crime and strictures on expression.
Copycat mutations sprung up
around the country, and Mr Zacharevic
was hailed as an artistic breath of fresh
He has been called “Malaysia’s
Banksy”, a reference to the UK-based
street-art superstar, but the lanky, in-
troverted Mr Zacharevic rejects that
“For me it’s not about the culture
of really running around in the streets
at night and spraying the trains, but it’s
more of a reaching out to the audience,”
Mr Zacharevic said.
“Street art has grown into a thing of
galleries, and travelling, and big festi-
vals and commissioned walls and mu-
rals, which is an amazing experience.”
People are now talking about “The
Ernest factor”.
“The ‘Ernest factor’ became a tip-
ping point in the street-art scene,
which is now moving toward wider ac-
ceptance,” bringing more attention to
Malaysian street artists, said Christine
Ngh, founder of art agency Bumblebee
“The reason is simple: His art
touches people, community and social
issues, which creative people in Malay-
sia are somewhat conditioned to shy
away from.”
Mr Zacharevic is generally careful to
avoid politics or provoking authorities.
He typically obtains permission before
doing a wall mural.
“There are bigger risks, like some-
times I hang on six-storey tall [build-
ings] doing the murals,” he said.
Growing up in a family of artists in
Lithuania, Mr Zacharevic studied fine
arts in London. After he reached Ma-
laysia in 2011, he painted on the streets,
selling his first canvas for less than
His works go for thousands of dol-
lars now, and his murals, dot the artsy
capital of Penang state, Georgetown.
Many were done for a 2012 festival cel-
ebrating its UNESCO World Heritage
status. – AFP
A visitor takes pictures of a mural during Zacharevic’s first solo show in
Georgetown on the Malaysian island of Penang. Photo: AFP
‘His art touches
people and
Christine Ngh
Art Consultant
International World 39 www.mmtimes.com
CHINA’S fourth Antarctic research sta-
tion – the flying saucer-shaped Taishan
– has ofcially opened, in another step
for the country’s exploration ambition.
The station, named for one of China’s
five sacred mountains, sits at an al-
titude of 2600 metres (8530 feet) be-
tween China’s Zhongshan and Kunlun
stations, according to the State Oceanic
Administration (SOA).
The state-run Xinhua news agency
reported the weekend of February 10
that President Xi Jinping ha ofered
written congratulations, calling scien-
tific research in the frozen continent
important for exploring nature and de-
veloping mankind.
State media announced in Decem-
ber that workers were on their way to
construct the facility to be used during
summer for research into “geology, gla-
ciers, geomagnetism and atmospheric
science”, saying its main building would
be shaped “like a Chinese lantern”. A
fifth station is also being planned, re-
ports said.
Pictures of the Taishan facility re-
leased by Xinhua show a 12-sided struc-
ture raised on stilts above the ice.
The latest facility marks increasing
competition in the resource-rich region.
Approximately 30 nations operate per-
manent research stations in Antarctica
including the US, China, Russia, Aus-
tralia, Britain, France and Argentina.
The continent’s oil reserves are esti-
mated at up to 203 billion barrels – the
third-largest in the world – and perhaps
even more importantly in the coming
century, its ice holds 90 percent of the
world’s fresh water.
China is a relative latecomer to Ant-
arctic exploration, sending its first ex-
ploration team to in 1984 and establish-
ing its first research base a year later.
“The country is rapidly building re-
search stations – a method of assertion
on a continent where sovereignty is dis-
puted,” wrote Nicola Davison in China-
Dialogue in November.
In Stars and Stripes, Seth Robson
commented last year that “China is
boosting its presence in Antarctica with
an eye on the icy continent’s vast un-
tapped resources.”
For now, mining is prohibited under
the Antarctic Treaty, but that will be
up for review in 2048 and a number of
countries may try to jockey for position
before then. – AFP
China turns up heat on South Pole
Brides and grooms pray
during a mass wedding
held by the Unification
Church on February 12 in
Gapyeongm South Korea.
Two thousand-five hundred
couples from 52 countries
were married in the
ceremony – the second such
event since the death of their
“messiah” and controversial
church founder Sun Myung
Moon. Photo: AFP
Boy, 9, latest
child victim of
Thai sectarian
SUSPECTED Thai militants shot dead
five people, including a nine-year-old
boy and a Buddhist monk, in the latest
attacks in the kingdom’s insurgency-
torn deep south, police have said.
The killings appeared to be revenge
attacks for the recent deaths of three
young Muslim brothers.
Four gunmen on motorcycles
opened fire at the monk while he was
collecting alms in Mae Lan district of
Pattani province on the morning of Feb-
ruary 13, killing him and three villagers
including the boy, police said.
Six other people were wounded, in-
cluding a police ofcer providing a se-
curity escort for the monk.
On the evening of February 12 in
Pattani’s Yaring district, a 29-year-old
Buddhist woman riding a motorcycle
home from work was shot dead and her
body set on fire, police said.
A note left at the scene said, “To the
army chief: this is not the last body for
the three brothers.”
The brothers – aged three, five and
nine – were gunned down last week
in front of their home in neighbour-
ing Narathiwat province after return-
ing from evening prayers at a mosque.
Their pregnant mother and father were
also shot in the attack but survived.
The Muslim-dominated region near
the Malaysia border is in the grip of a
decade-long insurgency that has claimed
over 5900 lives, mostly civilians, in near-
daily bomb and gun attacks. – AFP
40 World International THE MYANMAR TIMES FEBRUARY 17 - 23, 2014
Controversial Borneo
leader fnally resigns
After three decades in charge the billionaire accused of destroying Sarwak’s
environment and native cultures for personal gain is to end his scandal-hit tenure
A CONTROVERSIAL Malaysian state
leader who has faced mounting accu-
sations of corruption and environmen-
tally disastrous policies has announced
his resignation but is expected to retain
influence from behind the scenes.
One of Malaysia’s most powerful
political figures, Taib Mahmud, 77, has
been chief minister of resource-rich
Sarawak since 1981, implementing
ambitious plans to develop the state,
Malaysia’s largest, on Borneo island.
But he has come under fierce criti-
cism over the years amid allegations
of blatant graft, rainforest destruction
and ill-treatment of Sarawak’s native
“Taib Mahmud will retire as chief
minister of Sarawak with efect
from February 28,” Samuel Simon, a
Sarawak government spokesperson,
told AFP on February 12.
Mr Taib – who has a private jet and
is known for driving around in his
Rolls-Royce cars – made the widely
rumoured announcement in the state
capital Kuching, Mr Simon said.
No reason for the move was given.
But Malaysia’s ruling coalition has
been steadily losing voter support
in part due to recurring corruption
scandals and allegations of poor gov-
ernance, and is believed to have been
pressing Mr Taib to quit for years.
Mr Taib’s Sarawak-based party is
part of the Barisan Nasional (National
Front) coalition that has ruled Malay-
sia since independence in 1957.
Speculation is rife that Mr Taib will
continue pulling Sarawak’s strings by
assuming the traditionally ceremonial
position of state governor.
“That can be translated to mean he
still retains power,” said political ana-
lyst Khoo Kay Peng.
With a population of 2.5 million
people, Sarawak is crossed by pow-
erful rivers and was once home to
some of the world’s most magnificent
Activist groups say Mr Taib and his
clan have plundered that bounty, run-
ning Sarawak like a family business by
routinely awarding major government
contracts to companies they control
and decimating forests via logging
and development of lucrative oil-palm
Mr Taib will be replaced as chief
minister by his former brother-in-law,
state ofcial Adenan Satem.
“Mr Taib will never give up power
willingly. He has too much at stake in
terms of his businesses in Sarawak and
his vulnerability to prosecution,” said
Clare Rewcastle Brown, a Sarawak-
born Briton who operates the anti-Taib
website Sarawak Report.
Observers say Mr Taib has dodged
prosecution because parliament seats
he controls are vital to the Barisan
coalition retaining power.
The country’s longest-serving chief
minister, Mr Taib has long denied al-
legations of improper activity.
But Swiss-based rainforest-protec-
tion group Bruno Manser Fund, citing
financial documents, said in 2012 that
Mr Taib’s family controlled Sarawak’s
biggest companies and stakes in hun-
dreds of corporations in Malaysia and
Though Sarawak is one of Ma-
laysia’s poorest states, the fund esti-
mated Mr Taib’s wealth at $15 billion,
which would make him the richest
Malaysian. The various indigenous
tribes who have traditionally dwelt
in Sarawak’s forests have increasingly
staged protests, alleging they were be-
ing illegally run of ancestral lands.
“Taib’s rule has been horrendous,”
said Peter Kallang, a native activist
involved in a campaign to stop a se-
ries of dams being built by Mr Taib’s
“I am happy he is resigning but my
greatest fear is that the new leader will
be a Taib clone and continue his de-
structive polices.”
Mr Taib has pushed a campaign to
build as many as a dozen hydroelectric
dams – Sarawak already has three – in
the state’s wild interior, hoping cheap
electricity will lure foreign industrial
Tribal opponents call the dams
white elephants that are inundat-
ing huge swathes of rainforest and
will produce far more electricity than
Sarawak needs. –AFP
Photo Caption. Photo: AFP
A HIGH-TECH collar attachment
that will allow pet owners to monitor
their dogs at a distance – checking
how much they sleep and how many
calories they are burning – has been
unveiled in Japan.
NTT Docomo, the country’s largest
mobile phone operator, said the new
gadget would give smartphone us-
ers peace of mind about the animal’s
health and whereabouts at all times.
The “Petfit” tag, complete with a
satellite positioning system, sends
information to a designated mobile
phone on whether a dog is sleeping,
walking or running.
It also monitors how many steps
a hound has taken, what the ambient
temperature is and whether or not
they’re getting enough shut-eye.
“The number of dog owners [in
Japan] is estimated at 11 million and
it is regarded as a sizable market,” a
company spokesperson said.
“In addition, dogs’ presence is
quite important to their families,” the
spokesperson said. “This is part of our
proposal for a smart life with mobile
The Petfit goes on sale in March
priced at 25,900 yen (US$253), includ-
ing data transmission fees for the first
year. – AFP
A dog wears a “Petfit” tag equipped with 3G and Bluetooth to let its owner check its well-being remotely. Photo: AFP
Give the dog a phone, says Tokyo firm
NOTICE is hereby given that Sinalco International GmbH &
Co. KG of 109, Roemerstrasse, D- 47179 Duisburg, Germany is
the Owner and Sole Proprietor of the following trademark: -
(Reg: Nos. IV/3230/1998 & IV/5318/2003)
That the said trademark consists of “Sinalco Red Point (colour
and device)”
in respect of:- “Beers; mineral and aerated waters and other non-
alcoholic drinks; fruit drinks and fruit juices; syrups and other
preparations for making beverages”
Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said trademark or
other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with according to law.
U Kyi Win Associates
for Sinalco International GmbH & Co. KG
P.O. Box No. 26, Yangon.
Phone: 372416 Dated: 17
February, 2014
NOTICE is hereby given that Japan Tobacco Inc. a company
organized under the laws of Japan and having its principal offce
at 2-2-1 Toranomon Minato-ku, Tokyo, Japan is the Owner and
Sole Proprietor of the following trademark:-
(Reg: No. IV/14920/2013)
in respect of: - “Tobacco, whether manufactured or unmanufactured;
smoking tobacco, pipe tobacco, hand rolling tobacco, chewing
tobacco, snus tobacco; cigarettes, electronic cigarettes, cigars,
cigarillos; substances for smoking sold separately or blended with
tobacco, none being for medicinal or curative purposes; snuff;
smokers’ articles included in Class 34; cigarette papers, cigarette
tubes and matches.” – Class: 34
Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said trademark or
other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with according to law.
U Kyi Win Associates
for Japan Tobacco Inc.
P.O. Box No. 26, Yangon.
Phone: 372416 Dated: 17
February, 2014
NEC Corporation, a company incorporated under the laws of
Japan, of 7-1, Shiba 5-chome, Minato-ku, Tokyo, Japan, is the
Owner of the following Trade Mark:-
Reg. No. 645/1993
in respect of “Scientifc, nautical, surveying, electric, photogra-
phic, cinematographic, optical, weighing, measuring, signalling,
checking (supervision), life-saving and teaching apparatus and
instruments; apparatus for recording, transmission or reproduc-
tion of sound or images; magnetic data carriers, recording discs;
automatic vending machines and mechanisms for coin-operated
apparatus; cash registers; calculating machines, data processing
equipment and computers; fre-extinguishing apparatus. Apparatus
for lighting, heating, steam generating, cooking, refrigerating, drying,
ventilating, water supply and sanitary purposes. Construction
and repair for electric and electronic apparatus. Computer
programming, computer rental, technical consultation, technical
supervision and inspection”.
Fraudulent imitation or unauthorised use of the said Trade Mark
will be dealt with according to law.
Win Mu Tin, M.A., H.G.P., D.B.L
for NEC Corporation
P. O. Box 60, Yangon
E-mail: makhinkyi.law@mptmail.net.mm
Dated: 17 February 2014
42 World International THE MYANMAR TIMES FEBRUARY 17 - 23, 2014
Press freedom under
threat in Hong Kong
HONG Kong’s status as a bastion
of press freedom is being eroded
by creeping self-censorship under
pressure from Beijing and media
bosses loath to lose business in China,
insiders have warned.
Compared to the tightly controlled
state press on China’s mainland, Hong
Kong’s newsstands and networks ofer
a noisy jungle of competing outlets
from across the political spectrum.
But analysts caution that reputation
is now under threat as journalists
increasingly steer clear of topics that
could anger the Communist Party or
jeopardise media tycoons’ commercial
interests on the mainland.
Two reports this week have
highlighted an increasingly restricted
media landscape some 17 years
after the former British colony was
handed back to China, under a deal
that supposedly guaranteed media
independence and other rights for half
a century.
The New York-based Committee to
Protect Journalists (CPJ) on February
12 said media freedom in Hong Kong
was currently “at a low point”, citing
self-censorship among reporters,
financial and physical threats against
the media and legislative steps that
could hinder investigative reporting.
Paris-based Reporters Without
Borders also said Hong Kong’s media
independence “is now in jeopardy” as
the world’s second-largest economy
flexes its muscles to stifle critical
“The Chinese Communist Party’s
growing subjugation of the Hong
Kong executive and its pressure on the
Hong Kong media ... is increasingly
compromising media pluralism there,”
it said as it published its annual press
freedom index.
Under a deal struck between
London and Beijing in the run-up
to Hong Kong’s 1997 handover, the
semi-autonomous city of 7 million
is guaranteed freedom of speech, a
liberty China’s mainland residents are
But a series of recent incidents have
raised concern, including the February
12 sacking of Li Wei-ling, a prominent
talk show host known for her biting
criticism of Beijing, from her job at
Commercial Radio. No ofcial reason
was given for her dismissal.
In January, the leading editor of the
respected Ming Pao newspaper was
replaced by a pro-Beijing editor from
Malaysia, prompting protests by staf
who feared the move was an attempt
to stifle the paper’s strong track record
of investigative reporting.
And the same month another
liberal paper, AM730, said advertising
had been cut from a number of China-
afliated organisations.
The CPJ report said more than half
of Hong Kong’s media owners have
been given roles in China’s political
assemblies, making them reluctant
to anger Beijing and lose their elite
status and commercial advantage.
Media outlets in both Hong
Kong and Taiwan have “provided
comprehensive, independent coverage
of China, filling a gap left by the tightly
restricted mainland press”, it said,
adding that interference imperiled
that critical watchdog role.
Hong Kong journalist groups have
called on authorities to protect the
city’s media.
“We welcome the organisations’
spotlight on a darkening climate of
self-censorship, against a backdrop of
ofcial and commercial interference
as well as physical violence, that
threatens to erode Hong Kong’s
unique position as a bastion of free
expression under Chinese rule,” the
Foreign Correspondents’ Club said.
Fears for press freedom come at a
time of fervent debate over political
reform. China has promised the
city, whose current chief executive is
appointed by a pro-Beijing committee,
will see a transition to universal
sufrage by 2017, but has ruled out
demands for voters to be able to
choose which candidates can stand for
the top position.
In October, tens of thousands
protested over the government’s
refusal to grant a licence to a new
free-to-air television operator, with the
demonstrators believing the decision
was made at the behest of Beijing.
Meanwhile, public trust in the
city’s media appears to be decreasing.
A study by Hong Kong University
interviewing some 1000 people last
October found half of respondents
thought the media self-censored.
Hong Kong lawmaker Claudia Mo
said, “At the end of the day, it’s a job.
How firm can journalists actually
stand when it comes to political pres-
sure? You can’t expect everyone to be
a hero.” – AFP
A woman distributes newspapers in Hong Kong. Photo: AFP
THE European Union’s executive
body has called for new steps to dilute
America’s broad influence over the
architecture of the internet, exposing
a growing transatlantic rift in the
aftermath of revelations about US
spying in the region.
In a communiqué presented in
Brussels on February 12, the European
Commission said it would seek a firm
timetable to limit US influence over
institutions that control the nuts and
bolts of the internet and oversee tasks
such as the assignment of .com and .org
domain names used to access websites.
The commission additionally said
it would seek other ways to “globalize”
key decisions about the expansion
of the internet that are now largely
concentrated in the US. Those include
the assignment of names and numbers
used to direct web trafc around the
Changes were needed, the
commission said, because the world
has lost confidence in US stewardship
of the internet after the snooping
programs revealed by former National
Security Agency contractor Edward
“Recent revelations of large-scale
surveillance have called into question
the stewardship of the US when it
comes to internet governance,” the
commission said in a statement.
The language used by the European
Commission illustrates the continuing
fallout of the Snowden revelations,
which have deeply rattled millions of
Europeans. Negative reactions have
been particularly strong in Germany,
where reports have emerged that US
intelligence eavesdropped on the phone
calls of Chancellor Angela Merkel and
former chancellor Gerhard Schroder.
References to the Snowden scandal
in the commission statement, however,
were perhaps more consequential
than the contents of the policy paper
itself. The commission has previously
stated its desire for more international
oversight of internet governance, and
it did not ofer any new concrete plans
for change.
Instead, it efectively called for an
acceleration of a global debate that
is already underway about whether
the oversight of the mechanics of the
internet should remain concentrated
in the US. That issue will take centre
stage at a summit in April called by the
Brazilian government in response to
the Snowden scandal. There, observers
say, the US can expect to face the anger
of governments that have been stung
by the surveillance scandal and feel
that the Americans have abused their
role as a technological gatekeeper of
the internet.
In the communiqué, however, the
Europeans agreed with the Americans
on one of the most important points
of global contention. The commission
efectively dismissed calls by Russia
and China that multilateral bodies
such as the United Nations could take a
larger role in internet governance.
– Washington Post
EU challenges US over web control
‘Recent revelations
of... (internet)
surveillance have
called into question
the stewardship of
the US.’
EU Statement
Alfred Dunhill Limited, of 15 Hill Street, London W1J 5QT,
England, is the Owner of the following Trade Mark:-
Reg. No. 942/1999
in respect of “smokers’ articles and matches”.
Fraudulent imitation or unauthorised use of the said Trade Mark
will be dealt with according to law.
Win Mu Tin, M.A., H.G.P., D.B.L
for Alfred Dunhill Limited
P. O. Box 60, Yangon
E-mail: makhinkyi.law@mptmail.net.mm
Dated: 17 February 2014
NOTICE is hereby given that BOSTIK LTD of Ulverscroft Road
Leicester LE4 6BW United Kingdom is the Owner and Sole
Proprietor of the following trademark: -
(Reg: Nos. IV/4865/2006 & IV/13403/2012)
in respect of:- “Chemical products used in industry; adhesives;
sealants; and tools for applying adhesives and sealants”
Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said trademark
or other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with according
to law.
U Kyi Win Associates
P.O. Box No. 26, Yangon.
Phone: 372416 Dated: 17
February, 2014
NOTICE is hereby given that Aspen Global Incorporated a
company organized under the laws of Mauritius and having its
principal offce at 3
Floor, GBS Plaza, Cnr La Salette & Royal
Roads, Grand Bay, Mauritius is the owner and sole proprietor of
the following trademark:-
(Reg: Nos. IV2261/2007 & /IV/8906/2013)
In respect of: - “Goods falling in International class - 5.”
Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said trademark or
other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with according to law.
U Kyi Win Associates
for Aspen Global Incorporated
P.O. Box No. 26, Yangon.
Phone: 372416
Dated: 17
February, 2014
NOTICE is hereby given that AstraZeneca AB a company
organized under the laws of Sweden and having its principal offce
at Sweden, Västra Mälarehamnen 9, 151 85 Södertälje is the owner
and sole proprietor of the following trademark:-
(Reg: Nos. IV/3712/1992 & IV/10013/2013)
in respect of: - “Pharmaceutical preparations and substances.”
Int’l Class: 5
Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said trademark
or other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with according
to law.
U Kyi Win Associates
For AstraZeneca AB
P.O. Box No. 26, Yangon.
Phone: 372416 Dated: 17
February, 2014
International World 43 www.mmtimes.com
IN besieged areas of the Syrian city
of Homs, even evergreen trees were
stripped bare this winter.
Evacuees who fled in a United
Nations-brokered ceasefire, which
was extended for a further three
days on February 13, have described
being driven to desperation eat-
ing leaves, foraged plants, cats and
The aid deal that has allowed ci-
vilians to flee and aid to travel into
rebel-held neighborhoods of Old
Homs, where food supplies have
been scarce for the past year-and-
a-half and non-existent for months,
has provided a small glimmer of
hope as a second round of peace
talks in Geneva remain deadlocked.
After sideline talks with the US
and Russia on February 13 UN envoy
Lakhdar Brahimi admitted “failure
is always staring at us in the face.”
He described the deal in Homs,
and the extension of the cease-fire
there, as a positive development,
which he hoped could be replicated
elsewhere, but without the need for
“a miracle for our people to come
out alive” — referencing the delib-
erate targeting of aid convoys with
mortar shells.
Abu Nizar, 72, who lived all his
life in the Old City, fled with the first
batch of evacuees a week before the
February 13 talks.
One of his group was shot in the
stomach by a sniper as they crossed
through open ground flanked by
U.N. vehicles. But Nizar wasn’t de-
He was desperate: and it was not
his first attempt to leave.
Seven months ago, he tried to es-
cape through a tunnel that had been
smuggling precious supplies of food
in and out of the area, but he says it
was blown up by Syrian government
forces and partially collapsed while
he was inside.
After the tunnels were closed,
the situation got worse, and for the
last three months, he said he ate no
bread, wheat or rice.
The opposition has accused Assad
of using starvation tactics as a weap-
on of war, and the U.N. says that as
many as 200,000 civilians are living
under siege across the country.
“I’d eat worms,” Nizar, who used
a nickname for security reasons,
said in a Skype interview. “It’s so
disgusting, but we had to eat.”
Another evacuee, Abu Jalal Ti-
lawi, said he been forced to kill and
eat cats, and if there were any left in
Old Homs, he wouldn’t have left his
ancestral home.
“The bombs couldn’t get us out,
but the hunger won the game,” said
the 64-year-old, his voice cracking
with emotion as he spoke. “People
would gather grass, we were like
herds of animals.”
When the World Food Program
made its first deliveries this week,
Matthew Hollingworth, the agency’s
Syria director, said he had never
come across scenes of such desti-
tution. “People were living in their
basements, crawling between them
in tunnels, existing, not living.”
About half of the 2500 civilians
that were estimated to be trapped in
the Old City have now been evacuated.
With living conditions so desper-
ate, hundreds of men between 15
and 55 who, under the terms of the
deal, must undergo questioning by
Syrian security forces before leav-
ing, have decided to take the risk.
Mr Abu Jalal said state security
attempted to take him for question-
ing, but a U.N. ofcial intervened.
“He shouted at them and said we
are old men and cannot be arrested,”
he said. “We managed to leave.”
Mr Hollingworth said there is
“extreme concern” for those that
remain. Mr Abu Nizar and Mr Abu
Jalal have sons who stayed.
But even those who have left fear
that the cycle will only repeat itself.
On their exit, evacuees were able to
choose where they would be taken,
with many choosing the neighbor-
hood of Al-Waer, which is partially
under rebel control.
Mr Abu Jalal said that there, too,
food is scarce, and when he tried to
leave the area to buy groceries this
week, he was turned back at a gov-
ernment checkpoint.
“I’ve told people to start raising
cats and dogs because you never
know when you are going to need
to eat them. Once the world has
stopped watching, it will happen
here too.” – Washington Post
‘The bombs couldn’t get us out,
but the hunger won the game’
Syrian evacuees from Homs have told how they lived on leaves, worms and cats to survive amid the conflict
A child cries as Syrian civilians are
evacuated from Homs. Photo: AFP
SCORES of alleged Taliban fighters
walked free from an Afghan jail on
February 13, triggering condemnation
from the United States, as President
Hamid Karzai accused Washington
of “harassing” his country’s judicial
The decision to release the pris-
oners further worsened the bitter
relationship between Kabul and
Washington as US-led foreign troops
prepare to withdraw after 13 years of
fighting militants.
US ofcials said those released
from Bagram prison were responsible
for killing NATO and Afghan soldiers
as well as civilians. But Mr Karzai de-
fended the move.
“Afghanistan is a sovereign coun-
try. If the Afghan judicial authorities
decide to release the prisoners, it is of
no concern to the US and should be
of no concern to the US,” Mr Karzai
said. “I hope that the United States
will stop harassing Afghanistan’s pro-
cedures and judicial authority.”
Afghan ofcials said the 65 men
were vetted before their release.
“Their cases were reviewed and we
had no reason to keep them in jail,”
said Abdul Shukor Dadras,of the Af-
ghan government’s review body.
The US Embassy in Kabul criti-
cised the releases as “a deeply regret-
table”. – AFP





VERYTHING compared to the
drums could be a bit louder,”
German musician Jan Klare
said, one hand on his alto
saxophone and the other
waving the band to a halt.
The players prepared to start over,
each one noodling a bit as they set up,
producing the percussion taps, bass
notes and guitar licks of a rehearsing
jazz combo at work.
But there are other sounds too:
American Michael Vatcher’s kit is
flanked by Nan Win’s si and wa
percussion. At the centre of the group
is Hein Tint’s pat waing, or diatonic
drum circle, and behind that, to Klare’s
right, stands Htun Oo with his hne
(Burmese oboe) and flute. Next to
German bassist Tim Isfort is Kyie Myint
and his chauk lone pat and bass gongs.
Italian Francesco Diodati’s guitar and
foot pedal cords snake past Hla Myint’s
maung zaing, or chromatic gongs.
When the song picks up again, it’s
fusion in the truest sense: tight and
intricate, the groove of jazz blending
with the colour and detail of a
traditional Myanmar orchestra.
This is Myanmar Meets Europe,
a group of performers combining
European jazz with the sounds of
Myanmar’s top traditional players.
The band is prepping for a
command performance: They’re set
up on the lawn of Bogyoke Aung San’s
former ofces, where later that day
visiting German President Joaquim
Gauck would inaugurate the building as
the new home of the relaunched Goethe
Institute, part of a series of events last
week celebrating the renewal of cultural
exchange five decades after all foreign
institutes were evicted under General
Ne Win.
Isfort called the gig an honour
they could never have imagined back
in 2010, when the German embassy
invited him and a few other musicians
to Yangon to give a jazz workshop at
Gitameit Music Center.
“We tried to teach some standard
jazz as we used to learn it,” Isfort
recalled. But they also discovered
the pat hlaing, the circle of 21 tuned
drums which is the beating heart of
the traditional Myanmar folk ensemble
called hlaing waing, or hanging drum.
Its versatility, which Isfort compares to
that of a piano, astonished them. “It’s
their main melody instrument. Like the
conductor and the main soloist at the
same time.”
Isfort and the other musicians were
hooked. In January 2011 they gave
a concert at the Strand Hotel, with
two German musicians, the Gitameit
students and traditional hsaing waing
players. For the first tunes of the show,
they shared the stage.
But Isfort said it wasn’t a matter of
simply coming to Myanmar and saying,
“‘Oh, it’s open; let’s play together.’”
Hein Tint, the hsaing saya or
leader of the Hein Tint Hsaing Waing
Orchestra, said he and the other local
musicians had nearly no jazz knowledge
before meeting Isfort, aside from the
few songs they’d heard performed by
Myanmar singer Htoo Eain Thin.
Likewise, Isfort said he had only the
barest understanding of hsaing waing
music when the groups first met.
At first he tried to transcribe the
melodies he was hearing to help him
learn. “I worked really hard on it. In
the night at the hotel I wrote it down
one more time and rehearsed. The next
day I was very proud when we came to
rehearse it.”
But when the band started playing,
“It had nothing to do with the tune I
wrote down the day before. This was the
first time that I realised, ‘Ah, this music
is working in other ways.’”
There are no notes, no scores in
Myanmar music. Songs are taught
“from teacher to student and from
generation to generation”. That’s how
it works in Myanmar Meets Europe
also. The players are teachers of their
own traditions and students to their
“Western style is always to be on
the beat properly, and tight. Harmonic
thinking,” Isfort said. “The Burmese
way is very melodic and has lots of
little melodies all around.” A handy
but inexact comparison in the Western
canon is New Orleans jazz, he said, in
which one player leads while the rest
play complementing melodies.
Mixing the two is best explained via
their rendition of an Ornette Coleman
number. “It makes a carpet, a sound
carpet. And then on the next accent,
everybody is together again.”
But reaching the point where
everyone can hit that beat together has
taken three years and constant logistical
problem-solving. The group has worked
together seven times in Myanmar and
five times in Europe, for 10-14 days each
visit, and each trip to Europe requiring
the shipment of 700 kilograms (over
1500 pounds) of supplies.
And that’s the least of their worries.
“There were some difculties for
some people in the Myanmar orchestra
because they [the Europeans] used the
English language,” Hein Tint recalled
when asked about the rehearsal process.
“But they finally understood us when
we used music notes, and took our time
explaining things to them.” They used to
need a translator, but no longer.
Still, confusion abounds sometimes.
At first, the stage delivered for the band
to play on at the inauguration measured
6 by 4 – feet, not metres. Even practice
times are hard to pin down: 9am may
mean 10am or 11am one day, and 8am
the next.
The son of a clockmaker, Isfort
said it’s hard to adjust sometimes. But
somehow, “Everything is working.
Although it looks like it won’t work, it is
Vaulting bureaucratic and cultural
hurdles is the only way to do what
matters: playing music together. Earlier
last week they also played a public show
to celebrate the return of the Goethe
Institute to Myanmar.
“Yesterday I really loved the concert
because we had this eye contact on
stage,” Isfort said. “In the beginning
it was very friendly and southeast
Asian kindliness … Since 2012, I think,
there’s more trust in each other. We
have fun. There are some friendships
now. They are a little bit closer to the
Western culture and we feel like home
in Yangon.” He paused. “Well, not really,
but it’s getting closer.”
A documentary charting the
development of the band – and the
country – since 2010 is in the works,
and last autumn they recorded tracks
in Bonn for an upcoming album
release. It will feature strings by
German Sebastian Reimann as well as
DJ sounds and electronics courtesy of
American Jim Campbell – two more of
the 21 diferent musicians who’ve been
involved in the fusion project over the
An ongoing musical and
cultural collaboraton
between European and
Myanmar musicians
brings out the best of
both worlds
the pulse 45 www.mmtimes.com
Isfort said that its the ability to adapt
and improvise which makes Myanmar
music “one of the few folk musics I
know on this planet which is really open
for influences”.
Not that their project involves
“modernising” hlaing waing.
“Most of all we try to respect the
other culture. There are limits. There
are borders. We say, okay, let’s play ‘doo
doo doo’,” Isfort said, demonstrating
a few air bass-guitar notes and then
miming a sceptical look in response.
“That means ‘no’. When they play too
Burmese-style, we’re not able yet to
Band members also compose
works – one number was written on
the flight over from Europe – but they
don’t write lyrics. Partly, Isfort said,
that’s because many in the West want to
reduce Myanmar culture to something
revolutionary. That’s also one of the
reasons outsiders are often so fascinated
to find out about Yangon’s punk music
But seeing everything through
a political lens “doesn’t give a true
image of the culture”, he said, and
it’s important for the band to deliver
something that won’t be “used” for
someone else’s purpose.
“The Western magazines or
newspapers, they love to write what
they want to hear about Myanmar,”
Isfort said, whether by tying everything
to politics or – as in a recent German
television program that gave the
impression Shwedagon Pagoda is right
next to Ngapali beach – by giving the
impression Myanmar is a fabulous
At the same time, he said, the
decision to engage the hsaing waing
tradition is also “in a way, a political
At first the Gitameit students were
only interested in taking on Western
influences. “For example, the drummers
and the guitar players wanted in the
beginning just to make hard rock or
Western styles, grunge, whatever.”
That is not Isfort’s interest. Germany
has a wonderful and diverse musical
culture of folk songs and classical music,
but pride in that heritage has been
discouraged after the Second World
War, he said. He doesn’t want to see the
same happen in Myanmar.
“We told the students here in
Myanmar, ‘You have such a unique
music. It was treasured for 50 years,
under the military system. But the
world doesn’t know of your music, your
singular way of music.”
There have been, he said, “small
successes”. One drummer decided to
take up the pat hlaing. Another student
is now practising traditional flute.
These small successes can make
big diferences in young students’ lives.
In 2013 Isfort and saxophonist Klare
visited the Democratic Republic of
Congo with their 25-piece band The
Dorf (The Village), to work with former
street kids aged 10 to 20. A cultural
centre in Kinshasha invites “actors,
musicians, painters, artists, to work with
kids to give them perspective”, Isfort
said. With a melodica, keyboard and
computer, and working in rudimentary
French, they developed a musical
theatre piece and eventually brought 10
of the kids back to Germany to perform
“I thought after five or six visits to
Myanmar I’d seen a lot of things. No,
Congo is much harder. It’s more brutal.
There is more vitality, but it’s also more
brutal.” Still, he said, the former street
kids-turned-artists are “so talented.
They’re playing music. They’re acting.
They’re building artwork. They’re
building sculptures out of waste.”
The next step for Myanmar Meets
Europe is something called Eye Contact,
a multimedia show in which the group,
plus local string players, performs with
one local and one German cartoonist.
“The content is a dialogue, a non-
verbal dialogue, which mirrors the same
problems we have in the music group in
our progress as we can’t speak. But the
painters, they have the possibility to do
a dialogue without words by drawing.”
On a specially designed desk,
each artist shows his work in turn
through a projector, and the band
accompanies. “So from small talk it
starts into history and to political
things then to religion and then
philosophy and perhaps there’s also a
dispute, sometimes.”
Describing Eye Contact, which
they hope to tour in major European
cities, Isfort could almost be describing
everything the Myanmar Meets Europe
initative stands for.
“We want to show the real
Myanmar. This dialogue is so great. It’s
political. It’s funny. It’s sad sometimes.
It’s surprising. It’s sometimes very
And after final rehearsals in
Germany in September 2014 the show
will return to Myanmar. The special
desk has been built so it can be packed
small enough to fit on a plane or in the
back of a van. Isfort’s real dream is to
bring the show to out-of-the-way places,
the small villages in between Mandalay
and Nay Pyi Taw, or around Lashio and
the northeast. “These are, for me, the
real Myanmar places.”
Most of all, he said, all the
members involved in Myanmar Meets
Europe want to avoid what he calls
“ethnotourism”: the presentation of
local culture as if it were a display piece.
“Our way is perhaps longer, or
harder, but I hope it will be continued
for years.”
‘This dialogue is so great.
It’s political. It’s funny.
It’s sad. It’s surprising.
It’s sometimes very deep.
Tim Isfort, bassist
Myanmar Meets Europe
Photos: Supplied, except 1, 2, 3 by Boothee
1 2
46 the pulse THE MYANMAR TIMES FEBRUARY 17 - 23, 2014
IDE Efect have cancelled
their fundraising concert
for their SXSW music tour
because they could not af-
ford a permit to perform.
“Kandawgyi Park gave us a place
to hold the concert, but the show
permit was not so easy to get. At
first we thought it would cost only
K200,000 for a show permit. In fact,
it was about K600,000,” said Darko,
32, guitarist and lead vocalist.
He added, “We wanted to make
some money to fund our tour to
SXSW, but we had to invest K600,000
first. We weren’t sure we would get
our money back.”
The South By Southwest (SXSW)
music festival in Austin, Texas – the
world’s largest – will be held from
March 7 to 16. More than 2200
bands from around the world will be
participating in more than 100 venues.
“We’re all really excited about
taking part. We’ve seen videos of our
favourite bands there, which is why
we wanted to play,” said Darko, who
said he hoped to find a producer
looking to make an album with a
Myanmar band.
“Now we can meet and share
music with other bands and we’ve got
a chance to perform in the festival,”
he said.
The band’s application to play
SXSW went in at the last minute, said
drummer and backing vocalist Tser
Htoo, 31. “A week later, they approved.
We jumped for joy,” said Darko. The
band is now preparing 10 tracks
for their 40-minute slot, some old,
some new, some in English, some in
Myanmar. After Austin, they hope to
tour Los Angeles and New York – two
more cities to add to their list of gigs
after last years appearences in Berlin
and Indonesia.
The band has been together pretty
much for 10 years, though bassist Zaw
Htet Wai and drummer Chan Hein
Soe quit in 2005, making way for Tser
Htoo and Darko’s brother Joseph.
Tser Htoo started playing the drums
when he was 11. A Christian, he would
sing in his church choir. “In Sunday
school there were guitar classes. Then
I went on to drums,” he said.
“When we formed the band, indie
rock was not very popular or well-
known here,” said Darko. “At first,
we created more alternative songs.
We were influenced by our favourite
bands” – the Strokes, The Libertines,
Franz Ferdinand, Yeah Yeah Yeahs,
The White Stripes, Arcade Fire and
so on. On the slow and primitive
internet of 2002, Darko spent untold
time and money downloading his
favourite acts before the arrival of
VCDs and music video CDs.
“We tried not to create the same
music as them, and although we
recorded half the world away, our
music shared a style with some
foreign alternative bands,” said Darko.
From about 2008 or 2009 the
band began to find its own indie
voice, in some contrast to the Yangon
underground music scene that had
started up in 2002. Audiences were
“In the underground scene, heavy
metal and metal rock ruled, and our
music was alternative. Audiences
didn’t recognise us, and some thought
we were heavy metal,” said Darko.
Others took them for punk, which
they were not. “Some of our songs
resembled punk, and we liked the
DIY behaviour of some bands, but we
were never a punk band,” said Darko.
Most music magazines and media
correctly identified them as an indie
rock band, he said.
They will organise their rescheduled
fundraising show for March 1 at the
Flamingo Bar with support from
local hip-hop bands. “Flamingo Bar
sponsored us for a venue and we will
hold a small gig. Let’s hope we can raise
enough money for the tour,” Darko said.
They are also raising funds
through the website www.
pledgemusic.com/sideefect. They
need about $20,000, but are asking
for total contributions of $12,500
Side Effect to
play SXSW
Yangon’s favourite indie band gets a rocky
start as they attempt to crowd-fund travel
to the world’s largest music festival
Side Effect gets set to perform at JAM IT!, held at Right Track bowling alley in September 2012. Photo: Greg Holland
the pulse 47 www.mmtimes.com
s one of Myanmar’s
best-known authors
writing in English,
Ma Thanegi is in high
demand amongst
editors. “I never have to pitch
stuf. They come to me,” said the
68-year-old writer, noted for the
time she spent in the 1980s as
Aung San Suu Kyi’s assistant,
followed by a three-year stint from
1989 to 1992 in the infamous Insein
prison, as well as numerous books
on Myanmar including memoirs,
travelogues, cultural history and an
award-winning cookbook, Ginger
Salad and Water Wafers, which
was recently re-released by her
Hong Kong publisher. At the time
of interview, she was busy writing
an article on “soulful cooking” with
Buddhist monks for Saveur, an
American food magazine. When she
finds the time, though, she plans
to concentrate on books again. “I’d
like to write more travelogues of
Myanmar, about out-of-the-way
places,” she said. “I’ve got a bunch
of stories in my head. I’d like to try
a historical novel about our kings
and queens. The Elizabeth I novels
I enjoy so much. I’d like to try
something similar.” The Myanmar
Times caught up with Ma Thanegi
at her apartment in Chinatown,
where she’s lived for the past 20
What is your idea of perfect
The first thing that comes to my
mind is: To be left alone.
What is your idea of misery?
People that I don’t know well or
don’t like. Crowds.
What is your current state of
Right now I’m hoping that I can
give funny answers.
Who are your favourite authors?
In Burmese it would be Ludu Daw
Amar and Journal Kyaw Ma Ma
Lay. I just love their writings. For
Ma Ma Lay I love Not Out of Hate
and one that I translated, A Man
Like Him. I hate translation but I
had to do it. It’s about her husband,
who was a journalist and editor.
In English, Hilary Mantel.
There are others I like so much.
Wesley Stace. He’s a singer, and his
voice is musical and poetic. His
first two books, Misfortune and
By George, are excellent. Lovely
language. The third one I couldn’t
read. The voice was so stilted. I’ve
been in touch with him and I said,
“What were you doing?” He had a
character narrate the story and so
the voice had to be the character’s
What books are you reading?
Wolf Hall, again, by Hilary Mantel.
I don’t know how many times I’ve
read it.
What is your greatest fear?
I have none. Oh, yes I do: That I
would grow old and feeble and be
dependent on other people.
What do you consider your
greatest achievement?
I would say this [holds up her
translation of A Man Like Him]. I
don’t like to translate because it’s
so restrictive. It was very hard for
me. It was a really bad four months
that I ploughed through it. And
then all the corrections over and
over again, hundreds of times, and
that was before I knew I would
have a publisher. For four years I
was waiting for someone to do it.
Then I had some free time, so I
decided I would.
What natural talent do you wish
you possessed?
Singing. I wish I could sing. My
brother could sing. He had a
garage band that performed on the
Burma Broadcasting Service. Every
Saturday at 9pm to 9:15pm there
would be local talent. His band was
called Teen Angels. It’s the name of
a song that was popular back then.
They played covers of Willie Nelson
and Elvis Presley. That would have
been in the late 50s and early 60s.
What do you do for relaxation or
I read, and some nights when I’m
too stressed out I cook. Not just
ordinary stuf. I make apple pies
or something like that. I have an
oven. When I was younger, I would
get orders for my Devil’s Food
cake. That was back in the early
80s. Each cake would go for K200
and that was a lot of money back
then! And each October, during
Thadingyut, I would make K3000!
We didn’t have good bakeries then.
As soon as the country opened up
and bakeries came in, I gave away
all my baking equipment.
What is the most surprising
thing you have observed in
I would say the fast changes that
came after 2010. We were expecting
slow changes and small changes,
and to have the freedom of
publication come in 2012, that was
the greatest surprise.
Where and when were you
When I’m with friends and
especially the friends I made in
jail. They are like my daughters,
that generation, and they are the
most mischievous group of people
you could ever meet. They are still
the same. Until the military left we
dared not meet. It would have been
dangerous for them. Now that it’s
open we’ve met several times. It’s
the greatest fun. There are maybe
20 or 30 of us. Some from my
generation but more the younger
ones. They are in their 40s now.
But they were kids when they were
with us, and they revert to that
state when we’re together.
What is your most treasured
I don’t have much attachment
to possessions, but I like the stuf
that I have there [points to shelf of
Buddha figurines]. This Buddha,
I saw it at a craft shop at the
southern walkway of Shwedagon
and it was so beautiful I couldn’t
put it down. It’s wood. He was
asking K35,000 and I only had
something like K27,000 and still
needed taxi fare to get home, so I
asked if he would accept less and
he gave it to me anyways.
What is it that you most dislike?
What is your favourite motto?
Be prepared. From my Girl
Guide days, but it’s useful in life
too, you know. Not that I was a
good Girl Guide. My brother was
a dedicated scout. You had to be
spick and span and neat and tidy,
and I was not that. Author Ma Thanegi poses at home, on February 11. Photo: Whitney Light
‘Not that I was a
good Girl Guide.
You had to be
spick and span
and neat and
tidy, and I was
not that.
Ma Thanegi
An interview with one of Myanmar’s leading writers
Ma Thanegi speaks
The Q&A
48 the pulse THE MYANMAR TIMES FEBRUARY 17 - 23, 2014
T has received guests from
around the world: Japanese Prime
Minister Shinzo Abe, former US
Secretary of State Hillary Clinton
and Grammy award-winning
singer Jason Mraz. Now another big
event has turned up at Yangon’s five-
star Chatrium Hotel. It is welcoming
its first female, and first Myanmar,
general manager.
Ma May Myat Mon Win, who
has nearly 20 years experience
in the hotel industry, is replacing
Thai businessman Bhongbhichia
Bhitukburi, one of six foreign male
general managers at the hotel
since its opening in 1998. Fighting
discrimination based on her gender,
nationality and age by constantly
improving and proving herself to
superiors, Ma Mon has climbed
to where she is today: the first
Myanmar woman to reach the top
position at any of the country’s five-
star hotels.
“I always thought, Why can’t I do
it if a foreign expert can do it? But
you need to be good at everything,”
said the smart and attractive
During our interview in the hotel’s
club lounge, she leaped up to greet a
Thai guest who entered. “It isn’t too
long that I’ve had this responsibility,
but I am already having high blood
pressure,” she said.
In conversation, she is strikingly
open-minded. Her speech is
straightforward and assertive. She
values women’s education and
leadership. In fact, other women
general managers she’s met have
expressed admiration for what she
has achieved as a Myanmar woman,
she said.
“In the region, Thailand has
some female GMs. Whenever I find
out another has been hired, I am
so pleased because men control 90
percent of the general manager jobs in
the world. Why can’t women do it?”
The phrase “you can get it if you
try” sounds nice, but it’s not easy to
actually make happen, especially for
those who grew up in the country
while it was ruled by the military
“We had no opportunity in 1989,
1990, 1991. We did not have anything
in Myanmar. When the universities
shut, people were hopeless. Then we
were open for two months and shut
again for an indeterminate period.
We did not know what we should do.
I grew up enough to work, but I had
not finished university. It was really a
bad time,” Ma Mon said.
But her life changed when she
noticed that Summit Parkview Hotel
was looking for staf. She got a job as
a secretary for the hotel’s financial
controller in 1993.
“I arrived in the hotel field without
knowing anything about it. Only
Strand and Inya Lake hotels were
in Yangon in 1993, and at the time,
people thought that hotels were bad
places to go. But when I saw the
hotels featured in magazines, they all
looked amazing.” Ma Mon said.
“When I actually worked at the
hotel, I realised that a hotel is like a
big factory. As I came to know about
it, I really loved the hotel life. Big
challenges have inspired me to stay in
it,” she added.
Describing her work philosophy,
she said, “I don’t agree with people
who think you don’t need to try hard
because your position is not very good
or well paid. I valued everything I did,
even if it was typing and filing.”
Later, she moved to the five-star
Nikko Hotel – which changed its
name to Chatrium Hotel six years
ago when new management took
over – working as director of sales and
Speaking with Ma Mon now,
there’s no doubt that marketing is
her favourite subject, though on
top of those duties at Chatrium
she tackled new areas, becoming
assistant general manager of
marketing and operations. It was
difcult to decide whether to take
that responsibility, she said.
“I had to think very deeply. The
general manager has to take the
responsibility of all the bad and the
good. Finally, I decided on the basis
of one inspiration: I can do it if others
can do it.”
Watching her predecessors work,
she noticed how they seemed like
performers playing on a stage. Now,
she said, she goes onstage herself.
“The decisions they made were
good. I always imagined what I would
say if I was in their places. Now I am
being watched,” Ma Mon said.
She is optimistic that Myanmar
general managers can help clients
better than foreign general managers
in the same role. She expects the staf
will be happy to work with her.
“Ninety-five percent of staf at
the hotel is local. So I understand
their needs and feelings and can
fulfill them. For a non-Myanmar GM,
he or she needs an interpreter. So
communication is not as efective,”
she said.
Some residences, not five-star
hotels, like Grand Mee Ya Hta and
MiCasa, have had Myanmar general
managers. But, she said, they have
not reached her level of professional
achievement. Ma Mon has her own
explanation for this.
As a married woman with three
sons, it’s hard to find the right
balance between work and family,
she said. “When women have a
baby, they have more household
responsibilities. And the more they
have a higher position at work, the
more they have to think whether
they should keep pursuing their
career or stop and raise children,”
Ma Mon said.
She is not an exception, she said.
There were many physically and
mentally exhausting moments when
she thought of getting of the career
ladder altogether.
“Whatever happens at home, you
have to be at the ofce at 8:30 the
next morning. If I have a meeting
to attend, I have to be ready at the
meeting place at the right time. I have
felt so tired,” she said.
But, her face shone with delight
when she described how her sons
have expressed their pride in her. For
the foreseeable future, Ma Mon will
keep marching on.
Breaking barriers
One of Yangon’s five-star hotels hires its first female general manager
‘I valued
everything I
did, even if it
was typing and
Ma May Myat Mon Win
GM, Chatrium Hotel
February 17-March 8 10am-6pm
“Sparkle 2014: Volume 1” painting
exhibition, KZL Art Studio & Gallery,
184/84A Than Lwin Road, Bahan
February 17-23 9am-5pm Paintings
by Nann Nann, Trish Gallery, 46A,
G/F, flat C, Excellent Condominium,
Min Kyaung Street at corner of Pantra
Street, Dagon
February 17-28 9am-5pm Rare 19

century photographs of Myanmar,
Yangon Heritage Trust, 22-24
Pansodan Street, Kyauktada
Film start times at Mingalar (2), Shae
Shaung (1, 2) and Nay Pyi Taw cinemas
are 10am, noon, 2pm, 4pm, 6pm and
Film start times at Junction Square
and Maw Tin are 10am, 1pm and 4pm
daily, as well as 7pm and 9:30pm
Friday and Saturday.
Nay Pyi Taw Cinema, near Sule Pagoda
Jack Ryan: Shadow Recruit 2D,
directed by Kenneth Branagh.
Mingalar 2 Cinema, at Dagon Center 2,
Myae Ni Gone, Sanchaung
3AM Part 2 3D, directed by Patchanon
Tummajira, Kirati Nakintanon and
Isara Nadee.
Shae Shaung Cinema (1), Sule Pagoda
Road, Kyauktada
The Monkey King 3D, directed by
Cheang Pou-soi.
Shae Shaung Cinema (2), Sule Pagoda
Road, Kyauktada
3AM part 2 3D
Junction Square Cineplex, Kamaryut
Frankenstein 3D, directed by Stuart
The Lego movie 3D, directed by Chris
Miller and Phil Lord.
Junction Maw Tin Cineplex,
Frankenstein 3D
February 17 8:30-11:30pm Live blues
guitar, Mojo Bar, 135 Inya Road, Bahan
February 19 7-10:30pm Pizza and
jazz night. Enjoy live music, pizza
specials and happy hour cocktails.
Street Bar, 9/13 50
February 17 8-11pm Pub quiz
night. Free entry and your chance
to win free pitchers of beer or the
grand prize of K30,000 of pub credit,
50th Street Bar, 9/13 50
February 18 9:45am Dance fitness. A
60-minute workout inspired by Zumba
and led by a longtime hip-hop dancer.
No experience necessary. K7000, five-
class passes K30,000. Grace Dance
Studio, Pearl Condo, corner of Kabar
Aye Pagoda and Sayar San roads,
February 19 7-8:30pm “Public
Memory”, a talk by James Scott, Yale
professor of political science and
anthropology and author of The Art
of Not Being Governed. Pansodan
Scene, 2
floor, 144 Pansodan Street,
February 22 4pm Burmese language
club. Come practise your language
skills in a group setting. All levels
welcome. Pansodan Gallery, 286
Pansodan Street, Kyauktada
Nann Nann, Red in Nature, acrylic on canvas. On show at Trish Gallery. Photo: Supplied
What’s On
Got an event? List it in What’s On!
Email whatsonmt@gmail.com THIS WEEK
50 the pulse tea break THE MYANMAR TIMES FEBRUARY 17 - 23, 2014
Laugh all the way to the bank when you rent this space.
The tea break page is being re-formatted in readiness for our move to a daily cycle. It may look something like this in the future.
Our market research shows that a page like this attracts a large number of readers, who loyally read it every day.
Ring Marketing Department to book this space permanently and
laugh all the way to the bank with the extra business coming in your door.
Telephone us now on +951 392 928
1 Pre-delivery
6 Beaver-built
10 Fall on ___ ears
14 Visibly
15 To shelter, on
16 Wise about
17 Words in a
phrase after
19 Higher than
20 Playground
21 They love pas
22 Beat badly
23 Peer group
25 Class within
a class
27 Chief artery
32 Old hand
33 Chevron rival
34 En route, as a
36 Adjust as
you must
40 Albanian
41 Greek
43 Bassoon kin
44 Ply
46 Spice world?
47 Yorkshire
48 Preschooler
50 Ushered
52 Redo, as a room
56 Chow down
57 Impulse carrier
58 “American
Dad!” org.
60 “Can’t
65 “Less Than ___”
66 Type of combat
68 Precambrian and
69 Obsessed with
70 Inclined, in
71 Eye-opening
72 It’s right on an
73 Lessens
a load
1 Fellas
2 Chills, fever and
3 Acid’s
4 Chooses (to)
5 Direct-to-the-consumer
6 Mom’s mate
7 Reunion
8 Butte kin
9 Establishes
10 A way to sell
11 Accredited
12 Consumed with
13 Loud, in music
18 Like some
24 Do a pizzeria
26 Auto protector
27 Retail center
28 Field of expertise
29 Unpleasant to the
30 Confrontational
31 Endow, as with a
35 In need of a
37 Lie adjacent to
38 Raise, as a question
39 Started a golf game
42 Trigonometry ratio
45 Angler’s requirement
49 Computer expert
51 “Lawrence of Arabia”
52 Brings down the house
53 Put forth, as effort
54 Brightly colored eel
55 Woody vine
59 Bugs on a hill
61 “___-Team” (Mr. T’s
old show)
62 Pasture sounds
63 “Green Gables” girl
64 Silent-spring causers
67 E, in Morse code
Universal Crossword
Edited by Timothy E. Parker
GOOD TO GO By Mary Jersey
the pulse food and drink 51 www.mmtimes.com
Trendy bistro offers nice spot to sit, just don’t eat
FAT Man has good intentions. Set in
the heart of Yangon’s trendy Nawaday
area, the tiny bistro makes good use
of its patio space. A small garden of
potted plants surrounds attractive
wood tables. A chalkboard advertises
menu and drink specials, and outdoor
speakers play trendy tunes. The staf
are always smiling and eager to please.
It’s a charming, informal spot to enjoy a
cocktail on a weeknight when you have
nothing to do.
But appearances don’t make up for
sloppy execution of the menu and snail-
slow service. And although the quality
of cofees, smoothies and cocktails is
pretty good, beverages alone do not a
restaurant make.
Our party arrived at roughly 8:20am
on a weekday, hoping to enjoy a nice
cofee and breakfast before carrying
on with our respective workdays. We
placed our orders promptly after being
seated. Then the waiting began.
Our drinks – a cappuccino, cofee
and avocado smoothie – started to
arrive almost 30 minutes later in a
painstaking one-by-one procession.
I’d seen this happen before, having
come for cofee some weeks earlier. On
that occasion, the server begged for
patience: The fancy imported cofee
machine is a bit difcult to operate.
Probably true, but if you’re going to
bother spending on fancy imported
equipment, you’d best make sure staf
know how to use it.
The first food item to arrive was the
American breakfast (K3000), which is
the standard eggs and toast with choice
of meat. In fact, it shared much more
in common with an English breakfast.
The scrambled eggs were shiny with
oil, the toast more like fried bread. The
ham was of the pre-sliced variety, fried
to chewy and accompanied by equally
chewy sausages. There was even a
roasted tomato – a nice touch.
About 15 minutes later, the French
toast (K2000) arrived, evoking a hearty
laugh from our party. The menu
advertised toast with sugar, whipped
cream and condensed milk. None of
those things were present. Instead,
the pale pile of barely coated bread (a
generous serving) was served with a
garnish of shredded carrot and radish.
At our request, a server came through
with a spiral of spray-can whipped
cream, as well as a shot glass of
Myanmar honey, helping the dish attain
Things continued to slide downhill.
We were now an hour into breakfast
and still waiting for an avocado shake
and a “Healthy Breakfast”. By this
time, the staf evidently felt they were
falling behind. A server delivered a
complimentary pancake topped by thin
slices of apple, crispy bacon and a dot
of whipped cream. This turned out to
be the best dish, though the speed with
which this extra plate was turned out
was somewhat bafing.
The Healthy Breakfast (K3000)
arguably wasn’t healthy at all, unless
you’re still on the Atkins Diet. It turned
out to be a salad: a visibly oily pile of
shredded green lettuce, cabbage and
carrot topped by wedges of hard-boiled
egg and fatty curls of bacon.
On other occasions I’ve sampled
the tuna sandwich, French fries and
chicken skewers. Not terrible, but not
great either. It will do if you’re just
really craving a North American-style
greasy spoon meal. The menu also
ofers hamburgers and a selection
of snacks and sandwiches. But if Fat
Man wants to stay competitive in this
gentrifying neighbourhood, it’s going to
have to step up its game.
Of course, it isn’t the only
restaurant sufering from lack of
efcient service, and some might pity
the ambitious new restaurateurs who
are trying hard to find good help and
give Yangonites new dining options.
Then again, tea houses and bakeries
across town often demonstrate
extremely efcient service, with full
cups and plates of snacks flying onto
the table at china-breaking speed.
Change counted out in seconds. If
a little of that energy mobilised Fat
Man, it might be on to something.
Fat Man Steak
Bistro & Café
26A Bo Yar Nyunt Street, Dagon
township, Yangon
Food 5
Beverage 8
Service 5
X-factor 7
Value for money 7
Total Score: 6.4/10
Wine This Week
Cave Vinicole d’Andlau-Barr Riesling Alsace
The growing popularity of Riesling wines can be
attributed to their refreshingly light body and their
complex fruity and mineral flavors. Known to be
acidic and best served cold, they offer much needed
relief in balmy climes and pair well with spicy foods.
This Riesling’s lemony flavor is indicative of an early
ripening, perhaps coming to maturity during a cold
snap. It’s sweet citrus nose seemed bland compared
to other, riper Rieslings, which are often described
as smelling of peach and pineapple. A fresh and
dry front quickly faded into a disappointingly watery
finish. Riesling wines are know for highlighting the
flavors of their terroir, or the area in which the grapes
were grown; the diverse and unpredictable flavours
of Alsace were not apparent in this tame wine. It’s
refreshing enough, and avoids the sweetness that
has tarnished Riesling’s good name in the past, but
does little to push the boundaries. Reasonably priced
at K14,000, this wine isn’t a rip-off, but discerning
drinkers will steer clear in favour of more complex
wines in the same price range.
Grade: /10
The patio at Fat Man. Photo: Aung Htay Hlaing
P H Y O ’ S C O O K I N G A D V E N T U R E
31-minute meals
’M moving house and also in
the middle of a renovation at
our new place. It’s driving me
crazy, since that means moving
my kitchen – herbs, spices, pots,
gadgets, plant pots and bottles and
bottles of homemade sauces and
At the same time, I still have to
feed the family each day. Writing this
column this week was a challenge. I
was going nuts.
Then I came across my copy of
Jamie Oliver’s 30-Minute Meals.
Thank you, Jamie! I was hit with the
inspiration and energy to make great
meals happen fast.
Barbecued chickens are so
easy to get in Yangon these days,
and they always make my Aussie
family happy. I picked up a few
chickens and bread rolls. Then all
the leftovers in the fridge became
the ingredients for my recipes.
Here are a couple to try when you
feel like you just have no time to
5 pieces BBQ chicken
2 red onions or Asian shallots
1-inch cube ginger
2 tsp Kikkoman soy sauce
1 tbsp black pepper
1 tsp Chinese five-spice or masala
1 cup green peas
2 ½ tbsp vegetable oil
Cut the BBQ chicken into bite-size
pieces. Chop the onions roughly (8
pieces per onion). Peel and slice the
ginger thinly.
Heat the vegetable oil in a wok
on medium heat. Fry the onions. Fry
black pepper and ginger slices for
1 minute after the onions become
translucent. Then add frozen peas to
wok and keep frying. Add soy sauce
and cover the wok with lid for 5
minutes. Stir from time to time.
Serve with plain steamed or fried
Some readers might find the idea
of eating chicken feet a bit strange.
But they’re tasty, easily found at the
supermarket, and great in a pinch.
I always keep them in my freezer
to make quick meals. My favourite
recipes are spicy and sour chicken-
feet salads or dim sum-style chicken-
feet stew. They also make a nice, rich
soup stock.
1 pack frozen chicken feet (no
bones and pre-cooked)
2 red onions or Asian shallots
2 tomatoes
1 ½ tbsp chilli sauce
1 ½ tbsp tomato sauce
2 tbsp vegetable oil
Boil the frozen chicken feet for 5-6
minutes and cut into 2-3 pieces. Cut
onions roughly. Cut the tomatoes into
8 wedges or cubes.
Heat the vegetable oil in a wok
on medium heat. When the oil is hot
enough, fry the onions. Add tomatoes
to fry for 3 minutes after the onions
become translucent.
Combine chilli and tomato sauce
with ½ cup water and mix well. Then
add mixture into wok and stir to coat
the chicken feet. Cover the wok with
lid and simmer 4-5 minutes.
Serve with steamed or fried rice.
Family dinners for those days you don’t have time to cook
Chicken stir-fry with green peas. Photo: Phyo
Independence Day of Sri Lanka Okano Lubricant press conference
RVI graduation ceremony
City Mart’s award ceremony
AGE Dinner
Ye Aung Thu and Nan Nyi’s wedding ceremony
Madoca beauty products
Yangon Hotel Zone Party
52 the pulse socialite
Mr Bruce, Ms Elizabeth and Mr Dom Scalpeth
Daw Khin Marlar and Mr Gilbert Nay Zaw Aung, Khin Maung Pyone and Theingi Lin
Ko Maung Maung Sri Lankan Ambassador Soe Thu Aung
Craig Shim
Than Htut Kyaw
Me Me and Noe Noe
Mitsuo Tanaka Khin San Win Ma Ni Lar
Khine Maung Myat
Ma Thazin Khine Graham Lim
James Stedtler and Susan Lim
Mr Isao
Bridegroom, bride and friends
Ko Tha Kaung and Melody wedding
Panasonic new camera product launch
UCHINO Bath Designs new shop
ISIS skincare products
ASUS dealers’ award ceremony
www.mmtimes.com the pulse socialite 53
Mingalabar! fans of Socialite. It’s February, yet the weather is still
pleasant. Socialite kicked of her week on February 4 with the 66

celebration of Independence Day of the Democratic Socialist Republic
of Sri Lanka at Chatrium Hotel, and then attended the opening of
UCHINO Bath Designs on New University Avenue Road. On February
5, she descended on the ofcial launch event of Madoca beauty prod-
ucts at Traders Hotel. The next day, she attended the Okano Lubricant
press conference at Royal Garden, and she enjoyed City Mart’s award
ceremony for Myanmar gold medalists. On February 7, she was at Ca-
sio’s ofcial showroom opening at Traders Hotel. She had three events
on February 8: a graduation ceremony at RVI Institute, the wedding
reception for Myanmar Academy Award-winning actress
Melody, at Dolphin Restaurant, and the ASUS dealer’s
award ceremony at Traders Hotel. She attended ISIS skin-
care products ofcial launch on February 9.
Ma Yu Yu Khine
Kyaw Htut Thant Zin Tun Sandar Lwin and Hnin Oo Wai Hnin Wut Yee, Ma Kay Khine and Wut Hmon Yee
Ko Zay Thiha and Nandar Hlaing Bridegroom and bride
Phau Cheng Mr Hisakazu Ma Su Myat, Ma Mon and Ma Saw Thida
Ma Pont and On Saing
Aye Thazin Myo and Tin Moe Aye
54 the pulse travel THE MYANMAR TIMES FEBRUARY 17 - 23, 2014
6T = Air Mandalay
W9 = Air Bagan
YJ = Asian Wings
YH = Yangon Airways
FMI = FMI AIR Charter
Y5 = Golden Myanmar Airlines
Subject to change
without notice
Domestic Airlines
Air Bagan Ltd. (W9)
Tel : 513322, 513422, 504888, Fax : 515102
Air KBZ (K7)
Tel: 372977~80, 533030~39 (Airport),
Fax: 372983
Air Mandalay (6T)
Tel : (Head Office) 501520, 525488,
Fax: 525937. Airport: 533222~3, 09-73152853.
Fax: 533223.
Asian Wings (YJ)
Tel: 951 516654, 532253, 09-731-35991~3.
Fax: 951 532333
Golden Myanmar Airlines (Y5)
Tel: 95 9 400446999, 95 9 400447999,
Fax: 01 860 4051
Yangon Airways(YH)
Tel: (+95-1) 383 100, 383 107, 700 264,
Fax: 652 533.
FMI Air Charter - Sales &
Tel: (95-1) 240363, 240373 / (+95-9) 421146545
1 = Monday
2 = Tuesday
3 = Wednesday
4 = Thursday
5 = Friday
6 = Saturday
7 = Sunday
Flight Days Dep Arr
YH 833 2 7:00 8:10
FMI A1 1,2,3,4,5 7:30 8:30
Y5 777 1,2,3,4,6 7:45 8:25
FMI A1 6 8:00 9:00
FMI B1 1,2,3,4,5 11:30 12:30
FMI A1 7 15:30 16:30
FMI C1 1,2,3,4,5 16:30 17:30
Flight Days Dep Arr
FMI A2 1,2,3,4,5 8:50 9:50
FMI A2 6 10:00 11:00
YH 731 2 13:00 13:55
FMI B2 1,2,3,4,5 13:00 14:00
FMI A2 7 17:00 18:00
Y5 778 1,2,3,4,6 17:30 18:10
FMI C2 1,2,3,4,5 18:00 19:00
Flight Days Dep Arr
YH 917 2,5 6:00 7:40
YH 909 1,3,4,6,7 6:00 7:40
YJ 891 Daily 6:00 8:05
YJ 901 2,3,4,5,6,7 6:10 7:35
YH 917 1,3,4,6,7 6:10 8:30
Y5 234 Daily 6:15 7:30
6T 401 Daily 6:20 8:25
K7 222 Daily 6:30 8:40
K7 626 1,5 6:45 8:10
K7 226 2,4 6:45 8:10
YH 831 4,6 7:00 8:40
YH 833 2 7:00 9:10
W9 201 Daily 7:30 8:55
8M 6603 2,4,7 9:00 10:10
K7 624 Daily 10:30 11:55
YJ 751/W9 7751 5,7 10:30 12:25
YJ 761 2,4,6 10:30 12:25
YJ 211 5,7 11:00 12:25
YJ 201 2,3,4 11:00 12:25
YJ 601/W9 7601 6 11:00 13:05
YH 729 4 11:15 12:55
YH 737 3,7 11:15 13:25
YH 727 1,7 11:15 13:25
YH 729 6 11:15 14:15
YH 737 5 11:30 13:40
YH 729 2 11:30 14:30
W9 251 2,5 11:15 12:40
6T 807 7 11:30 12:55
6T 807 1 12:00 13:25
K7 224 Daily 14:30 16:35
W9 129 Daily 15:00 16:55
YH 731 Daily 15:00 17:10
6T 501 Daily 15:30 17:30
W9 211 Daily 15:30 16:55
Flight Days Dep Arr
YJ 901 2,3,4,6,7 7:50 9:55
YH 910 1,3,4,6,7 7:40 9:45
Y5 233 Daily 8:10 9:25
YJ 891 Daily 8:20 10:15
YH 918 1,3,4,6,7 8:30 10:45
6T 402 Daily 8:45 10:45
K7 223 Daily 8:55 11:00
YH 918 2,5 9:10 11:05
W9 201 Daily 9:10 11:05
W9 144 Daily 9:20 10:45
YH 922 1 9:20 10:45
Y5 132 3,5,6,7 9:30 10:30
K7 227 2,4 10:35 12:00
K7 627 1,5 10:55 12:20
YH 834 2 12:00 13:55
YH 832 4,6 12:30 13:55
K7 845 2,4,7 12:50 16:00
6T 808 7 13:15 15:15
YJ 212 5 15:00 16:25
6T 808 1 13:45 15:45
YJ 212 7 15:00 16:55
YJ 202 2,4 15:30 16:55
YJ 202 3 16:00 17:25
YJ 762 2,4 16:05 17:30
YJ 762 6 16:05 18:10
YJ 602/W9 7602 6 16:20 17:45
W9 120 1,3,6 16:30 17:55
YH 728 1 16:45 18:10
K7 225 Daily 16:50 19:00
YH 738 5 17:05 19:00
W9 129 Daily 17:10 18:35
YH 732 Daily 17:10 19:15
W9 211 Daily 17:10 19:15
K7 625 Daily 17:10 18:35
8M 6604 2,4,7 17:20 18:30
YJ 752/W9 7752 5,7 17:20 18:45
YH 738 3,7 17:25 18:50
6T 502 Daily 17:50 19:55
YJ 004 3 18:00 19:25
YH 730 6 18:00 19:25
Flight Days Dep Arr
YJ 891 Daily 6:00 7:20
YH 909 1,3,4,6,7 6:00 8:25
YH 909 2,5 6:10 7:45
YH 917 1,3,4,6,7 6:10 7:45
YJ 901 2,3,4,5,6,7 6:10 8:20
W9 141 Daily 6:15 7:35
6T 401 Daily 6:20 7:40
6T 351 1,2,3,4,6,7 6:30 7:50
K7 222 Daily 6:30 7:50
YH 921 1 7:00 8:35
W9 143 Daily 7:15 8:35
YJ 601/W9 7601 6 11:00 12:20
K7 224 Daily 14:30 17:25
YH 731 Daily 15:00 17:55
W9 211 Daily 15:30 17:40
6T 501 Daily 15:30 18:20
Flight Days Dep Arr
YJ 891 Daily 7:35 10:15
YH 917 1,3,4,6,7 7:45 10:45
W9 141 Daily 7:50 10:40
YH 918 2,5 8:25 11:05
K7 222 Daily 8:05 11:00
YH 910 1,3,4,6,7 8:25 9:45
YJ 901 2,3,4,5,6,7 8:35 9:55
YH 922 1 8:35 10:45
W9 144 Daily 8:50 10:10
YJ 902 1 9:15 10:35
YH 910 2,5 9:35 10:55
6T 351 5 10:50 13:55
YJ 762 6 16:50 18:10
K7 225 Daily 17:45 19:00
W9 211 Daily 17:55 19:15
YH 732 Daily 17:55 19:15
6T 502 Daily 18:35 19:55
Flight Days Dep Arr
YH 833 2 7:00 10:35
YH 831 4,6 7:00 10:35
K7 844 2,4,7 7:30 11:05
K7 624 Daily 10:30 13:25
YJ 201 2,4 11:00 13:50
YJ 201 3 11:00 14:20
W9 251 2,5 11:15 14:10
Flight Days Dep Arr
YH 834 2 10:35 13:55
YH 832 4,6 10:35 13:55
YJ 202 2,4 14:05 16:55
YJ 202 3 14:35 17:25
K7 625 Daily 15:40 18:35
W9 252 2,5 16:05 19:00
Flight Days Dep Arr
YJ 891 Daily 6:00 8:50
YH 917 1,5 6:00 9:55
YH 909 2,5 6:10 8:40
YH 917 1,3,4,6,7 6:10 9:35
W9 141 Daily 6:15 8:20
6T 401 Daily 6:20 9:20
K7 222 Daily 6:30 9:30
6T 351 1,2,3,4,6,7 6:30 8:45
W9 201 Daily 7:30 9:40
K7 828 1,3,5 7:30 8:45
YJ 751/W9 7751 5,7 10:30 11:40
YJ 761 2,4,6 10:30 11:40
YH 505 3,4,6,7 10:30 11:55
YH 737 3,7 11:15 12:40
YH 727 1 11:15 12:40
YH 505 2,5 11:30 12:55
YJ 201 3 11:00 12:10
W9 203 Daily 11:00 12:10
W9 119 1,3,6 11:15 12:25
6T 807 7 11:30 13:50
K7 826 2,6 11:45 13:00
6T 807 1 12:00 14:20
K7 224 Daily 14:30 15:45
W9 129 Daily 15:00 16:10
YH 731 Daily 15:00 16:25
6T 501 Daily 15:30 16:40
Flight Days Dep Arr
W9 141 Daily 8:35 10:40
YH 910 2,5 8:40 10:55
6T 352 Daily 9:00 11:10
YJ 891 Daily 9:05 10:15
YH 918 1,3,4,6,7 9:35 10:45
6T 402 Daily 9:35 10:45
K7 223 Daily 9:45 11:00
YH 918 2,5 9:55 11:05
W9 201 Daily 9:55 11:05
YH 505 3,4,6,7 11:55 14:00
W9 204 Daily 12:25 13:35
K7 829 1,3,5 13:50 15:05
6T 808 7 14:05 15:15
6T 808 1 14:35 15:45
W9 120 1,3,6 15:45 17:55
YJ 762 2,4 15:20 17:30
YJ 762 6 15:20 18:10
YJ 762 1 15:35 17:45
YJ 212 7 15:45 16:55
YH 727 1 16:00 18:10
K7 224 Daily 16:00 19:00
YH 738 3 16:40 18:50
W9 129 Daily 16:25 18:35
YH 731 Daily 16:25 19:15
6T 501 Daily 16:55 19:55
K7 827 2,6 17:25 18:40
YH 730 4 17:35 18:45
YH 738 5 17:50 19:00
YH 730 2 18:15 19:25
Flight Days Dep Arr
6T 605 Daily 11:15 13:15
YH 511 5 11:30 13:05
W9 309 1,3,5,6,7 11:30 12:55
K7 426 Daily 12:30 13:50
6T 611 4,6 14:30 15:55
Flight Days Dep Arr
YH 511 5 13:05 14:55
6T 606 Daily 13:35 15:00
K7 427 Daily 14:05 15:25
6T 612 4,6 16:15 17:40
Flight Days Dep Arr
K7 319 Daily 7:00 9:05
YH 633 3,5,7 7:00 9:15
Flight Days Dep Arr
YH 634 3,5,7 11:25 13:25
K7 320 Daily 11:30 13:35
Flight Days Dep Arr
W9 141 Daily 6:15 9:35
6T 351 1,2,3,4,6,7 6:30 10:00
YH 511 1 10:30 13:05
YH 505 3,4,6,7 10:30 13:10
6T 605 Daily 11:15 12:10
YH 505 2 11:30 14:10
W9307 2,4 11:30 13:50
W9 309 1,3,5,6,7 11:30 13:50
YH 511 1,5 11:30 14:05
Flight Days Dep Arr
W9 141 Daily 9:50 10:40
6T 632 1,2,3,4,6,7 10:15 11:10
6T 605 Dailys 12:25 15:00
6T 632 5 13:00 13:55
YH 512 1 13:05 13:55
YH 506 3,4,6,7 13:10 14:00
W9 307 2,4 14:05 14:55
W9 309 1,3,5,6,7 14:05 14:55
YH 512 5 14:05 14:55
YH 506 2 14:10 15:00
the pulse travel 55 www.mmtimes.com
ORGET Mt Fuji, Kyoto and
other common sightseeing
destinations. Many foreign
tourists are heading for of-
the-beaten-path spots where
they can enjoy a real taste of daily life
in Japan.
Showcasing food menu items
made with wax for display in front of
restaurants may be unique to Japan,
which probably is why tourists want
to try their hand at it.
Amy and her 12-year-old son
Jordan attended a workshop at Ganso
Shoku-hin Sanpuru-ya, a kitchenware
store on Kappabashi Dogu-dori
Street, Tokyo. Amy, a 48-year-old
visitor from Seattle, made samples of
shrimp tempura. “It looks real, and
every piece is beautiful,” she said as
she admired her work.
According to the shop, elaborate
and realistic samples as well as sushi
magnets are popular among foreign
tourists. “They seem to be fascinated
with all the various colours used in
Japanese food,” an employee said.
Japanese farms are another
popular destination. In December, 50
people from Thailand boarded a tour
bus to visit Migita Persimmon Picking
Garden in Kurume. It was something
they had never tried before.
A Thai visitor, 36, picked 20
fuyugaki persimmons at the farm.
“I’m going to give them to my friends
and family when I return home,”
he said. A single persimmon costs
about 100 baht in Thailand (US$3),
about four times more than Chinese
Though Thailand is a major
exporter of fruits, such fruits as
peaches, melons and strawberries
grown in Japan are regarded as
luxury items in Thailand due to
their taste, shape and colour,
according to the Thai tourists, who
added that the fruits are popular
among the middle class.
Factories are also on the tourists’
itinerary. At the end of last year, 33
students from other Asian countries
and Africa visited Nippon Steel &
Sumi-tomo Metal Corp’s Yawata
Steel Works in Kitakyushu. They
were stunned by the organisational
structure and atmosphere.
“I was impressed by the
disciplined, devoted workers. This is
Japan’s strength,” said a 38-year-old
Sri Lankan.
“I was interested in the corporate
history of combating environmental
pollution,” a 29-year-old Filipino said.
Overseas visitors looking for
souvenirs often make a beeline for
Don Quijote stores in Tokyo, as the
general discount giant’s outlets are
open until midnight and crammed
with piles of miscellaneous goods.
“The stores are filled with
interesting stuf, and the prices are
cheap. I’ve never seen shops like
this before,” said a 39-year-old hotel
manager from Thailand. He bought
some bags of green tea at the flagship
store in Ginza, Tokyo.
Don Quijote ofers a wide range
of products from watches and bags
to detergent and snacks. The stores
are like a theme park for foreigners to
observe Japanese consumption habits.
According to the Japan
Tourism Agency’s survey of foreign
tourists, more than 70 percent said
experiencing the Japanese lifestyle
was satisfying, while more than 50pc
said they enjoyed wandering along
the streets and shopping.
Ofering a taste of daily life in
Japan seems to be an integral part of
the nation’s soft power.
– The Yomiuri Shimbun
Daily life in
Japan lures
Clockwise from left: Shopping at Don Quijote, a general discount store crammed
with miscellaneous goods; making wax food samples; and picking fresh fruit at
the Migita Persimmon Picking Garden. Photo: Yomiuri Shimbun
FD & AK = Air Asia
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Y5 = Golden Myanmar Airlines
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MI = Silk Air
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KA = Dragonair
Y5 = Golden Myanmar Airlines
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AI = Air India
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KE = Korea Airlines
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DE = Condor
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Subject to change
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International Airlines
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Tel: 251 885, 251 886.
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Fax: 01 860 4051
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Tel : 255491~6, Fax : 255223
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Fax : 255086. Tel 255066/ 255088/ 255068.
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Tel: 371867~68, Fax: 371869.
1 = Monday
2 = Tuesday
3 = Wednesday
4 = Thursday
5 = Friday
6 = Saturday
7 = Sunday
Flights Days Dep Arr
PG 706 Daily 7:15 9:30
8M 335 Daily 8:40 10:25
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PG 708 Daily 15:20 17:15
8M 331 Daily 16:30 18:15
PG 704 Daily 18:20 20:15
Y5 237 Daily 18:05 19:50
TG 306 Daily 19:45 21:40
Flights Days Dep Arr
DD 4231 1,3,5,7 8:00 9:45
FD 2752 Daily 8:30 10:20
FD 2756 Daily 12:50 14:40
FD 2754 Daily 17:35 19:25
FD 2758 1,2,3,4 20:55 22:50
Flights Days Dep Arr
MI 509/SQ 5019 1,2,6,7 0:25 5:00
8M 231 Daily 8:00 12:25
8M 233 5,6,7 14:00 18:25
Y5 233 Daily 10:10 14:40
SQ 997/MI 5871 Daily 10:25 14:45
3K 586 Daily 11:40 16:20
MI 517/SQ 5017 Daily 16:40 21:15
TR 2827 1,6,7 15:10 19:35
TR 2827 2,3,4,5 17:10 21:35
3K 588 2,3,5 19:30 00:10+1
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8M 501 1,3,5,6 8:55 12:55
AK 1427 Daily 8:30 12:50
MH 741 Daily 12:15 16:30
MH 743 Daily 16:00 20:15
AK 1421 Daily 19:05 23:20
Flights Days Dep Arr
CA 906 2,3,4,6,7 14:15 21:55
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8M 711 2,4,7 8:40 13:15
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MU 2012 1,3 12:20 18:20
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CA 906 2,3,4,6,7 14:15 17:35
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VN 956 1,3,5,6,7 19:10 21:30
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VN 942 2,4,7 14:25 17:10
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QR 919 Daily 7:30 11:15
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8M 403 1,3,6 8:35 12:30
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0Z 770 4,7 0:50 8:50
KE 472 Daily 23:35 07:45+1
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KA 251 1,2,4,6 01:10 05:35
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NH 914 Daily 22:10 06:45+1
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8M 401 1,3,6 8:35 10:45
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8M 601 1,3,5,6 9:00 10:20
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BG 061 1,4 19:30 20:45
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TG 2982 1,2,4,6 9:50 12:00
TG 2984 3,5 19:35 21:45
PG 710 Daily 14:15 16:40
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FD 2761 Daily 12:50 15:15
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MU 2030 Daily 14:40 17:20
Flights Days Dep Arr
PG 722 1,2,3,4,5 19:45 22:45
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8M 336 Daily 11:55 12:40
TG 303 Daily 8:00 8:45
PG 701 Daily 8:50 9:40
TG 301 Daily 13:00 13:45
PG 707 Daily 13:40 14:30
PG 703 Daily 16:45 17:35
TG 305 Daily 17:50 18:45
8M 332 Daily 19:20 20:05
PG 705 Daily 20:00 21:15
Y5 238 Daily 21:10 21:55
Flights Days Dep Arr
DD 4230 1,3,5,7 6:30 7:15
FD 2751 Daily 7:15 8:00
FD 2755 Daily 11:35 12:20
FD 2753 Daily 16:20 17:05
FD 2757 1,2,3,4 19:35 20:25
Flights Days Dep Arr
SQ 998/MI 5872 Daily 7:55 9:20
3K 585 Daily 9:10 10:40
8M 232 Daily 13:25 14:50
TR 2826 1,6,7 13:10 14:30
MI 518/MI 5018 Daily 14:20 15:45
TR 2826 2,3,4,5 15:00 16:30
Y5 234 Daily 15:35 17:05
3K 587 2,3,5 17:20 18:50
8M 234 5,6,7 19:25 20:50
MI 520/SQ 5020 1,5,6,7 22:10 23:35
Flights Days Dep Arr
CA 905 2,3,4,6,7 8:05 13:15
Flights Days Dep Arr
AK 1426 Daily 6:55 8:00
MH 740 Daily 10:05 11:15
MH742 Daily 13:50 15:00
8M 502 1,3,5,6 14:00 15:00
AK 1420 Daily 17:20 18:25
Flights Days Dep Arr
CZ 3055 3,6 8:35 10:35
CZ 3055 1,5 14:40 16:40
8M 712 2,4,7 14:15 15:50
Flights Days Dep Arr
CI 7915 1,2,3,5,6 7:00 9:55
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MU 2011 1,3 8:25 11:40
CA 905 2,3,4,6,7 13:00 13:15
MU 2031 Daily 13:30 14:00
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W9 9608 4,7 17:20 18:10
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VN 957 1,3,5,6,7 16:35 18:10
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VN 943 2,4,7 11:40 13:25
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QR 918 Daily 21:15 06:29+1
Flights Days Dep Arr
8M 602 1,3,5,6 11:20 14:30
Flights Days Dep Arr
8M 404 1,3,6 13:30 14:55
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KE 471 Daily 18:30 22:30
0Z 769 3,6 19:30 23:40
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NH 913 Daily 11:45 17:15
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KA 250 1,3,5,7 21:50 23:45
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BG 060 1,4 16:15 18:30
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TG 2981 1,2,4,6 7:45 9:00
TG 2983 3,5 17:30 18:45
PG 709 Daily 12:05 13:25
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FD 2760 Daily 10:55 12:20
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MU 2029 Daily 13:55 13:50
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PG 721 1,2,3,4,5 17:15 19:15
56 the pulse THE MYANMAR TIMES FEBRUARY 17 - 23, 2014
FEBRUARY 17 – 23, 2014
CANCER | June 21 – July22
The true blue of heaven is
larger than the cloud. Just
make sure you get to know
the nature of everything
before any decisions are
made. Make a real impression on
others and shift your psychological
gears to transform your sense of
humor. Social interference must be
managed. Continue to build self-worth
in those around you. Love needs your
heated interest.
ARIES | Mar 21 –Apr 19
Excitement is not only a
great way to get
attention but also a
great way to keep it.
Don’t wait to start new
relationships and nurture them, but
don’t get overwhelmed that life is
passing to quickly. You and your
potential partner are assertive to a
fault. When the time comes, be
flexible and take full advantage of
your receptivity.
CAPRICORN | Dec 22 – Jan 19
Give yourself a new view
of the world around you
and bring out the best in
each other at every turn.
You and an intelligent
Virgo can be the perfect combination
of yin and yang energy. Spiritual
reflection will help you to inspire
yourself, and charm will prove to be
irresistible to you. What is in your
head must be able to balance with
your heart.
LIBRA | Sep 23 – Oct 22
Time does its work very
simply and honestly. Fear
can stop everything but
encouragement can start
anything. You will be
surprised at how much you like the taste
of new things and you will get self-
confidence by challenging yourself. What
seems to be a challenge today will be an
accomplishment tomorrow if you follow
your daily action plan. Giving of yourself
is the best gift of all.
Floor, 113, Thamain Bayan Road, Tarmwe township, Yangon.
Tel: 09-731-35632, Email: williameaste@gmail.com
GEMINI | May 21 – June 20
Allow your close friends to
know what is in your heart
as well as what is in your
head. Never feel afraid of
keeping your emotional
responsibilities a priority. Keeping
things balanced and harmonious is your
key to happiness. Try to keep attraction
simple and true to build trust in your
love life. Increase your enthusiasm to
share with others and stand for social
SAGITTARIUS | Nov 22 – Dec 21
Keep open to all things new
and exciting, and you can
drive to a new social position
with good opportunities.
Don’t take things personally.
If you wish to touch your listeners, you
must seek your inspiration from on high.
Sometimes all you need is for time to
pass in order for things to happen. Don’t
be too demonstrative or overwhelming
until you have laid the emotional
PISCES | Feb 19 – March 20
Make sure to balance your
self-confidence with
humility. Know that
holding attention will be a
test in itself. Your sincerity
and honesty will be noticed in social
relationships. Your analytical nature will
give you satisfaction and awaken you to
enjoy many thrills. Sentimental gifts are
keys that unlock the heart. Sincerity and
honesty are also the best ways to be
noticed in love.
VIRGO | Aug 23 – Sep 22
Make sure you learn to
compromise but never
with your principles. Your
simple words can have the
most complicated
meanings. Stay close and ready for
your right action and challenge. Get
ready for a flood of emotion and settle
for the basics, if you are approached
correctly and with love. Don’t be afraid
of your heart and beware your
tendency to live in your head.
TAURUS | Apr 20 – May 20
What is of value today is to
make a beautiful tomorrow.
You should not pretend to be
an expert on something
you’re not. Your ways of
getting what you want without having to ask
for it and without any social challenge are
sometimes unforgivable and frequently
unfavorable. Concentrate on the similarities
and the differences between you and
others, especially your close confidante.
SCORPIO | Oct 23 – Nov 21
No man knocks himself
down. If your destiny
knocks you down, your
destiny is sure to pick you
up again. Make sure you
are not the killjoy. Keep yourself cool and
prepared for anything that may happen,
and it will be the better for you. Your
strong desire to love and be loved can
result in an overflow of emotion or
sensual behaviour.
AQUARIUS | Jan 20 – Feb 18
You may have to take
financial risks but you’ll be
richer for the struggle. No
matter how much you
believe you can get around
hazards, you will be wiser to take another
course entirely. A relationship with an old
friend will test your creativity. Your sweet
sense of whimsy will make your love life
magical and filled with dreamy
LEO | July 23 – Aug 22
A successful person always
looks to see what’s ahead but
never forgets who’s behind.
You should quietly do the next
thing that has to be done and
allow other things to follow. You must put
effort and uprightness into your actions and
indulge your sentiments in order to let
others know the responsibilities of
leadership. Link your heart with love by
recognising good deeds.
New art education centre prepares for launch
Myanmar artist Htoo gives a performance at Ngapali Beach, 2012. Photo: MARCA
HEN a young
Myanmar artist
wants to gain
insight into the
international art
world, he or she can call up an
established professional for tea,
said Zoncy (aka Zon Sapal Phyu),
a Yangon-based performance
artist and one of five co-directors
of a new art education centre
and library located in a small flat
on Old Yadashe Street. “You’ ll
learn something that way,” she
said. “But where else can you go?
There’s nothing.”
While the country opens up
to freedom of expression and art
practice and research in Myanmar
blossoms, the co-directors – who
also include artist and gallerist
Khin Zaw Latt, researcher and
Myanmar art expert Nathalie
Johnston and Italian researchers
Ilaria Benini and Thomas
Poletto – noticed through their
professional experiences a lack
of basic resources for artists, arts
writers and researchers, both
local and foreign. In response,
the group founded the Myanmar
Art Resource Center and Archive
(MARCA), a bilingual English and
Myanmar venue open informally
since late December for all who
would benefit from artist talks,
film screenings, guest lectures
and a library of print and digital
records related to contemporary
The co-directors hope to
bridge the gaps that currently
separate artists, researchers and
the public. “You find that artists
in this country are unaware of
other artists who are working,”
Johnston said, who met Zoncy in
2010 in the course of interviewing
Myanmar performance artists
for a master’s thesis. At the time,
Zoncy was helping archive a
private collection at New Zero
Art Space, a gallery in Dagon
township. Both women saw a need
for a widely accessible institution
dedicated to fostering the growing
arts community. The idea for the
centre was born.
That some artists work in
isolation here is perhaps not a
surprise given the paucity of such
venues for art education and
discussion. Although there are
technically four schools for fine
art in Myanmar, including two
state schools and two campuses
of the National Art and Culture
University, they primarily focus
on traditional arts rather than
contemporary practice viewed in
an international context. Venues
for senior artists to speak publicly
to younger artists and interested
audiences just don’t exist, Zoncy
Having studied computer
science at university, she got into
art by studying painting with a
private teacher. It wasn’t until
she started volunteering and later
working at New Zero that she had
access to over 1000 records related
to the arts, as well as history and
social science.
“Most of the artists surviving
here day-to-day need exposure
to the global art scene through
books and resources. Not
everyone gets to go abroad,”
she said, emphasising that the
centre is not a gallery. “There are
already venues to see paintings
and beautiful artwork.”
The group also hopes to
encourage more indigenous arts
journalism and critical writing.
“If you research online, you’ ll find
very little written on Myanmar art.
It’s always the same people. You
don’t have a plurality of voices.
You don’t have a wide view or a
point-of-view from people who
grew up and work here,” Benini
Located in a small, fourth-
floor flat provided by the artist
Khin Zaw Latt, the fledgling
organisation is still looking
for stable sources of funding,
including private donors. For now,
the co-directors are volunteers,
paying for the centre’s activities
out-of-pocket and through
sporadic grants. The centre has
received donations from the
private collection of Khin Zaw
Latt as well as titles on Asian art
from a Thai publisher. Johnston
has given her collection of books,
catalogues and digital records
acquired through her years of
academic research.
In late January and early
February, the centre hosted
its first two public events.
Organised by Benini and Poletto,
visitors were treated to free
presentations of The Artist is
Present, a documentary about
the renowned Yugoslavian
performance artist Marina
Abramovic, and of Blissfully
Yours, a feature film by the
Thai artist Apichatpong
Weerasethakul. Benini and
Poletto are taking charge of
communications and event
planning and hope to have more
screenings and artist talks lined
up in the weeks to come.
The co-directors also hope that
donors will come through soon so
that they can acquire such basic
items as a printer and scanner
and software to create a digital
archive. Eventually they would
like to launch a website, hire
translation services and subscribe
to magazines like Art in America
and Arts of Asia.
Although so far the group has
kept its activities quiet, feeling
unprepared yet for an ofcial
launch they’re also keen to
put the centre’s future on solid
footing. Khin Zaw Latt donated
the space to the group for one
year to see if they can make
something happen, Johnson said.
“We’re lucky to have the
space,” Benini said. “We want to
use it a lot.”
For events and information on the
Myanmar Art Resource Center and
Archive, visit https://www.facebook.
“You find that
artists in this
country are
unaware of
other artists
who are
Nathalie Johnston
Art reseacher
Avenue 64 Hotel
No. 64 (G), Kyitewine
Pagoda Rd, Mayangone Tsp,
Yangon. Tel : 09-8631392,
01 656913-9
Asia Plaza Hotel
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San Road, Corner of
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Township, Yangon,
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Fax : (951) 391375. Email :
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Power Station tel:414235
General Post Office
39, Bo Aung Kyaw St. (near British Council Library). tel:
Yangon International Airport tel: 662811.
Shipping (Coastal vessels) tel: 382722
Railways information
tel: 274027, 202175-8.
ILO Liaison 1-A, Kanbae
(Thitsar Rd), Yankin Tsp,
Tel : 01-566538, 566539
IOM 318 (A) Ahlone Rd, Dagon
Tsp, Yangon.Tel – 01-210588,
09 73236679, 0973236680,
Email- iomyangon@iom.int
UNAIDS 137/1, Thaw Wun Rd,
Kamayut Tsp.
Tel : 534498, 504832
UNDCP 11-A, Malikha St,
Mayangone tsp.
Tel: 666903, 664539.
UNDP 6, Natmauk Rd, Bahan
tel: 542910-19. fax: 292739.
UNFPA 6, Natmauk Rd,
Bahan tsp. tel: 546029.
UNHCR 287, Pyay Rd,
Sanchaung tsp.
Tel: 524022, 524024.
UNIAP Rm: 1202, 12 Fl,
Traders Hotel.
Tel: 254852, 254853.
UNIC 6, Natmauk St., Bahan,
tel: 52910~19
UNICEF 14~15 Flr, Traders
Hotel. P.O. Box 1435,
Kyauktada. Tel: 375527~32,
unicef.yangon@unicef. org,
UNODC 11-A, Malikha Rd., Ward
7, Mayangone. tel: 01-9666903,
9660556, 9660538, 9660398.
email: fo.myanmar@unodc.org
UNOPS Inya Lake Hotel, 3
floor, 37, Kaba Aye Pagoda
Rd, Mayangone Tsp. Tel: 951-
657281~7. Fax: 657279.
UNRC 6, Natmauk Rd, P.O.
Box 650, TMWE Tel: 542911~19,
292637 (Resident Coordinator),
WFP 5 Kan Baw Za St, Shwe
Taung Kyar, (Golden Valley),
Bahan Tsp. Tel : 2305971~6
WHO No. 2, Pyay Rd, 7 Mile,
Mayangone Tsp, Tel : 650405-
6, 650416, 654386-90.
ASEAN Coordinating Of. for
the ASEAN Humanitarian
Task Force, 79, Taw Win st,
Dagon Tsp. Tel: 225258.
FAO Myanma Agriculture
Service Insein Rd, Insein. tel:
641672, 641673.
Australia 88, Strand
Road, Yangon. Tel :
251810, 251797, 251798.
Bangladesh 11-B, Than
Lwin Road, Yangon.
Tel: 515275, 526144,
email: bdootygn@
Brazil 56, Pyay Road,
mile, Hlaing Tsp,
Yangon. Tel: 507225,
507251. email: Administ.
Brunei 17, Kanbawza
Avenue, Golden Velly (1),
Bahan Tsp, Yangon. Tel:
566985, 503978.
email: bruneiemb@
Cambodia 25 (3B/4B),
New University Avenue
Road, Bahan Tsp, Yangon.
Tel: 549609, 540964.
email: RECYANGON @
China 1, Pyidaungsu
Yeiktha Road, Yangon.
Tel: 221280, 221281.
Danmark, No.7, Pyi Thu
St, Pyay Rd, 7 Miles,
Mayangone Tsp, Yangon.
Tel: 01 – 9669520 - 17.
Egypt 81, Pyidaungsu
Yeiktha Road, Yangon.
Tel: 222886, 222887,
France 102, Pyidaungsu
Yeiktha Road, Yangon.
Tel: 212178, 212520,
email: ambaf rance.
rangoun@ diplomatie.fr
Germany 9, Bogyoke
Aung San Museum Road,
Bahan Tsp, Yangon.
Tel: 548951, 548952,
email: info@rangun.
India 545-547, Merchant
St, Yangon.
Tel: 391219, 388412,
email: indiaembassy @
Indonesia 100,
Pyidaungsu Yeiktha Rd,
Yangon. Tel: 254465,
254469, email: kukygn @
Israel 15, Khabaung
Street, Hlaing Tsp,
Yangon. Tel: 515115, fax:
515116, email: info@
Italy 3, Inya Myaing Road,
Golden Valley, Yangon.
Tel: 527100, 527101, fax:
514565, email: ambyang.
mail@ esteri.it
Japan 100, Natmauk Rd,
Yangon. Tel: 549644-8,
540399, 540400, 540411,
545988, fax: 549643
State of Kuwait
Chatrium Hotel, Rm:
416, 418, 420, 422, 40
Natmauk Rd, Tarmwe
Tsp, Tel: 544500.
Lao A-1, Diplomatic
Quarters, Tawwin Road,
Dagon Tsp, Yangon. Tel:
222482, fax: 227446,
email: Laoembcab@
mptmail. net.mm
Malaysia 82, Pyidaungsu
Yeiktha Road, Yangon.
Tel: 220248, 220249,
email: mwkyangon@
Nepal 16, Natmauk
Yeiktha, Yangon. Tel:
545880, 557168, fax:
549803, email: nepemb
Norway, No.7, Pyi Thu
St, Pyay Rd, 7 Miles,
Mayangone Tsp,Yangon.
Tel: 01 – 9669520 - 17
Fax – 01- 9669516
New Zealand No. 43/C,
Inya Myaing Rd, Bahan
Tsp, Yangon.
Tel : 01-2305805
Netherlands Diplomatic
Mission No. 43/C, Inya
Myaing Rd, Bahan Tsp,
Yangon. Tel : 01-2305805
North Korea 77C, Shin
Saw Pu Rd, Sanchaung
Tsp, Yangon.
Tel: 512642, 510205
Pakistan A-4, diplomatic
Quarters, Pyay Rd,
Yangon. Tel: 222881
(Chancery Exchange)
Philippines 50, Sayasan
Rd, Bahan Tsp, Yangon.
Tel: 558149-151,Email:
p.e. yangon@gmail.com
Russian 38, Sagawa Rd,
Tel: 241955, 254161,
Royal Embassy of Saudi
Arabia No.287/289, U
Wisara Rd, Sanchaung.
Tel : 01-536153, 516952.
Serbia No. 114-A, Inya
Rd, P.O.Box No. 943,
Yangon. Tel: 515282,
515283, email: serbemb
@ yangon.net.mm
Singapore 238,
Dhamazedi Road, Bahan
Tsp, Yangon. Tel: 559001,
email: singemb_ ygn@_
sgmfa. gov.sg
South Korea 97
University Avenue, Bahan
Tsp, Yangon. Tel: 527142-
4, 515190, fax: 513286,
email: myanmar@mofat.
Sri Lanka 34 Taw Win
Road, Yangon.
Tel: 222812,
No 11, Kabaung Lane, 5
½ mile, Pyay Rd, Hlaing
Tsp, Yangon.
Tel: 534754, 507089.
Thailand 94 Pyay Rd,
Dagon Tsp, Yangon. Tel:
226721, 226728, 226824
Turkish Embassy
19AB, Kan Yeik Thar St,
Mayangone Tsp,Yangon.
Tel : 662992, Fax : 661365
United Kingdom 80
Strand Rd, Yangon.
Tel: 370867, 380322,
371852, 371853, 256438,
United States of
America 110, University
Avenue, Kamayut Tsp,
Yangon. Tel: 536509,
535756, Fax: 650306
Vietnam Bldg-72,
Thanlwin Rd, Bahan Tsp,
Yangon. Tel: 511305
General Listing
Chatrium Hotel
40 Natmauk Rd, Tarmwe.
tel: 544500. fax: 544400.
No. 205, Corner of Wadan
Street & Min Ye Kyaw
Swa Road, Lanmadaw
Tsp, Yangon. Myanmar.
Tel: (95-1) 212850 ~ 3,
229358 ~ 61,
Fax: (95-1) 212854.
.com http://www.
No.7A, Wingabar Road,
Bahan Tsp, Yangon.
Tel : (951) 546313,
430245. 09-731-77781~4.
Fax : (01) 546313.
Confort Inn
4, Shweli Rd, Bet: Inya Rd
& U Wisara Rd, Kamaryut,
tel: 525781, 526872
33, Alan Pya Pagoda Rd,
Dagon tsp.
tel: 250388. fax: 252478.
email: enquiry.prygn@
parkroyalhotels. com.
Marina Residence
8, Kabar Aye Pagoda Rd,
Mayangone Tsp.
tel: 6506 51~4. fax: 650630.
HOTELS (Nay Pyi Taw)
Tel: 09-7349-4483,
E-mail: aahappyhomes@
gmail.com, http://www.
Happy Homes
Savoy Hotel
129, Damazedi Rd,
Kamayut tsp.
tel: 526289, 526298,
Sedona Hotel
Kabar Aye Pagoda Rd,
Yankin. tel: 666900.
Strand Hotel
92 Strand Rd. tel: 243377.
fax: 289880.
Summit Parkview Hotel
350, Ahlone Rd, Dagon
Tsp. tel: 211888, 211966.
Traders Hotel
223 Sule Pagoda Rd. tel:
242828. fax: 242838.
Winner Inn
42, Than Lwin Rd, Bahan
Tsp. Tel: 503734, 524387.
email: reservation@winner
Windsor Hotel No.31, Shin
Saw Pu Street, Sanchaung.
Yangon, Myanmar.
Ph: 95-1-511216~8, www.
Yuzana Hotel
130, Shwegondaing Rd,
Bahan Tsp, tel : 01-549600
Yuzana Garden Hotel
44, Alanpya Pagoda Rd,
Mingalar Taung Nyunt Tsp,
tel : 01-248944
No. (356/366), Kyaikkasan
Rd, Tamwe Township,
Yangon, Myanmar.
Ph: 542826, Fax: 545650
Email: reservation@
Royal White Elephant Hotel
No-11, Kan Street, Hlaing
Tsp. Yangon, Myanmar.
(+95-1) 500822, 503986.
Reservation Office (Yangon)
123, Alanpya Pagoda Rd,
Dagon Township
Tel : 951- 255 819~838
Royal Kumudra Hotel,
(Nay Pyi Taw)
Tel : 067- 414 177,
067- 4141 88
E-Mail: reservation@
(Nay Pyi Taw)
M-22, Shwe Htee Housing,
Thamine Station St., Near
the Bayint Naung Point,
Mayangone Tsp., Yangon
Tel : 522763, 522744,
667557. Fax : (95-1) 652174
E-mail : grandpalace@
No. 12, Pho Sein Road,
Tamwe Township, Yangon
Tel : (95-1) 209299, 209300,
209343, 209345, 209346
Fax : (95-1) 209344
E-mail : greenhill@
Clover Hotel City Center
No. 217, 32nd Street
(Upper Block), Pabedan Tsp,
Yangon, Myanmar.
Tel : 377720, Fax : 377722
Clover Hotel City Center Plus
No. 229, 32nd Street
(Upper Block), Pabedan Tsp,
Yangon, Myanmar.
Tel : 377975, Fax : 377974
Hotel Yangon
91/93, 8
Mile Junction,
Tel : 01-667708, 667688.
Inya Lake Resort Hotel
37 Kabar Aye Pagoda Rd.
tel: 662866. fax: 665537.
MGM Hotel No (160), Warden
Street, Lanmadaw Tsp, Yangon,
Myanmar. +95-1-212454~9.
www. hotel-mgm.com
Reservation Office (Yangon)
123, Alanpya Pagoda Rd,
Dagon Township.
Tel : 951-255 819-838
Hotel Max
(Chaung Tha Beach)
Tel : 042-423 46-9,
042-421 33.
Email :
17, Kabar Aye Pagoda Rd,
Yankin Tsp.
Tel: 650933. Fax: 650960.
Email : micprm@
myanmar micasahotel.com
SAIL Marketing &
Suite 403, Danathiha Center
790, Corner of Bogyoke Rd
& Wadan Rd, Lanmadaw
Township, Yangon, Myanmar.
Tel: (951) 211870, 224820,
2301195. Email: admin@
Green Paradise Hotel
7, Yeik Tha (1) St,
Waizayandar Housing,
Tamwe Tsp, Yangon.
Tel : 01-566727, 1222635
Email : greenparadisehotel
Golden Hill Towers
24-26, Kabar Aye Pagoda
Rd, Bahan Tsp.
tel: 558556. ghtower@
No.(68), Tawwin Street,
9 Mile, Mayangone Tsp,
Hunt line: +95 1 9666 141,
Booking Ext : 7080, 7084.
Fax: +95 1 9666 135
info@witoriya hospital.com
Facebook :
22, Pyay Rd, 9 mile,
Mayangone Tsp.
tel: 660769, 664363.
Floral Service & Gift
Centre 102(A), Dhamazaydi
Rd, Yangon.tel: 500142
Summit Parkview Hotel,
tel: 211888, 211966 ext. 173
fax: 535376.email: sandy@
Floral Service & Gift Shop
No. 449, New University
Avenue, Bahan Tsp. YGN.
Tel: 541217, 559011,
Market Place By City Mart
Tel: 523840~43,
523845~46, Ext: 205.
Junction Nay Pyi Taw
Tel: 067-421617~18
422012~15, Ext: 235.
Res: 067-414813, 09-492-
09039. Email : eternal@
24 Hours Intl. Clinic
& Medical Assistance
No. 68, Tawwin Rd, 9 Mile,
Mayangon Township,
Yangon, Myanmar
Tel: + 951 651 238,
+ 959 495 85 955
Fax: + 959 651 398
Balance Fitnesss
No 64 (G), Kyitewine
Pagoda Road, Mayangone
Township. Yangon
01-656916, 09 8631392
Email - info@
Life Fitness
Bldg A1, Rm No. 001,
Shwekabar Housing,
Mindhamma Rd,
Mayangone Tsp. Yangon.
Ph: 01-656511,
Fax: 01-656522,
Hot line: 0973194684,
No. 589-592, Bo Aung
Kyaw St, Yangon-Pathein
highway Road. Hlaing
Tharyar tsp. Tel: 951-
645178-182, 685199, Fax:
951-645211, 545278.
e-mail: mkt-mti@
Ruby & Rare Gems
of Myanamar
No. 527, New University
Ave., Bahan Tsp. Yangon.
Tel: 549612, Fax : 545770.
Bldg-D, Rm (G-12), Pearl
Condo, Ground Flr,
Kabaraye Pagoda Rd,
Bahan Tsp. Tel: 557448.
Ext 814, 09-730-98872.
Strand Bar 92, Strand
Rd, Yangon, Myanmar.
tel: 243377.fax: 243393,
Lobby Bar
Myanmar. 33, Alan Pya
Phaya Road, Dagon Tsp.
tel: 250388.
Nandawun Compound,
No. 55, Baho Road,
Corner of Baho Road
and Ahlone Road, (near
Eugenia Restaurant),
Ahlone Township. tel:
212 409, 221 271. 214708
fax: 524580. email: info@
• 150 Dhamazedi Rd.,
Bahan Tsp, Yangon.
Tel: 536306, 537805.
Email : yangon@
• 15(B), Departure Lounge,
Yangon Int’l Airport.
• #87/2, Crn of 26
& 27

St, 77
St,Chan Aye Thar
Zan Tsp, Mandalay.
Tel : (02) 24880.
Lemon Day Spa
No. 96 F, Inya Road,
Kamaryut Tsp, Yangon.
Tel: 514848, 09-732-08476.
E.mail: lemondayspa.2011
No. 52, Royal Yaw Min Gyi
Condo, Room F, Yaw Min
Gyi Rd, Dagon Township,
Yangon, Myanmar.
Tel: 09-425-307-717
La Source Beauty Spa
80-A, Inya Rd, Kamayut Tsp.
Tel: 512380, 511252
Beauty Bar by La Source
Room (1004), Sedona Hotel,
Tel : 666 900 Ext : (7167)
LS Salon
Junction Square, 3rd Floor.
Tel : 95-1-527242, Ext : 4001
La Source Beauty Spa
No. 13/13, Mya Sandar St,
Chanaye Tharzan Tsp.
Tel : 09-4440-24496.
No. 20, Ground Floor, Pearl
Street, Golden Valley Ward,
Bahan Township, Yangon.
Tel : 09-509 7057, 01-
220881, 549478 (Ext : 103)
Email : realfitnessmyanmar
Get the Best Pure Natural
Gemstones and Jewellery
No. 44, Inya Road,
Yangon, Myanmar.
Tel : 01-2305811, 2305812.
email : info@bestjewels
24 Hours Laboratory
& X-ray, CT, MRI, USG,
Mamogram, Bone DXA
No. 68, Tawwin Rd, 9 Mile,
Mayangon Township,
Yangon, Myanmar.
Tel : (951) 9 666141
Fax : (951) 9 666135
Shwe Hinthar B 307, 6 1/2
Miles, Pyay Rd., Yangon.
Tel: +95 (0)1 654 730
Myanmar Research | Consulting | Technology
Marina Residence, Yangon
Ph: 650651~4, Ext: 109
Beauty Plan, Corner of
77th St & 31st St, Mandalay
Ph: 02 72506
Duty Free Shops
Yangon International
Airport, Arrival/Departure
Tel: 533030 (Ext: 206/155)
Office: 17, 2
Hlaing Yadanarmon Housing,
Hlaing Township, Yangon.
Tel: 500143, 500144, 500145.
Foam Spray Insulation
No-410, Ground Fl,Lower
Pazuntaung Rd, Pazun
taung Tsp, Yangon.Telefax
: 01-203743, 09-5007681.
Hot Line-09-730-30825.
98(A), Kaba Aye Pagoda
Road, Bahan Township,
Yangon. Tel: 553783,
549152, 09-732-16940,
09-730-56079. Fax: 542979
Email: asiapacific.
California Skin Spa
NO 32.B, Inya Myaing
Road, Yangon.
(Off University Road)
Tel : 01-535097,
01-501295. Open Daily :
(10 AM - 8 PM)
DTDC Courier and Cargo
Service (Since 1991)
Yangon. Tel : 01-374457
Mandalay. Tel : 09-431-
34095. www.DTDC.COM,
Door to Door Delivery!!!
Sein Shwe Tailor, 797
(003-A), Bogyoke Aung
San Rd, MAC Tower 2,
Lanmadaw Tsp, Yangon,
Ph: 01-225310, 212943~4
Ext: 146, 147, E-mail:
Yangon : A-3, Aung San
Stadium (North East Wing),
Mingalartaungnyunt Tsp.
Tel : 245543, 09-73903736,
Mandalay : No.(4) 73rd St,
Btw 30th & 31st St, Chan
Aye Thar Zan Tsp. Tel : 09-
6803505, 09-449004631.
World’s leader in
Kitchen Hoods & Hobs
Same as Ariston Water
Heater. Tel: 251033,
379671, 256622, 647813
9/13, 50th street-lower,
Botataung Tsp. Tel-397160.
Vibhavadi Hospital
Bangkok, Thailand
(Myanmar Branch Office)
: 214(A-2) Waizayantar Rd,
Thingangyun Tsp.
Ph: 09-8625086.
Dent Myanmar
Condo C, Rm 001, Tatkatho
Yeikmon Housing, New
University Avenue Rd,
Bahan. Ph: 09-8615162.
Myittar Oo Eye Hospital
499, Pyay Rd, Kamayut Tsp.
Ph: 09-527381.
The First Air conditioning
systems designed to keep
you fresh all day
Zeya & Associates Co., Ltd.
No.437 (A), Pyay Road,
Kamayut. P., O 11041
Yangon, Tel: +(95-1)
Mandalay- Tel: 02-60933.
Nay Pyi Taw- Tel:
067-420778, E-mail :
com. URL: http://www.
Air Con Sales & Service
No. 2/1, Than Thu Mar
Rd, Thuwunna Junction.
Tel : 09-4224-64130
illy, Francis Francis, VBM,
Brasilia, Rossi, De Longhi
Nwe Ta Pin Trading Co., Ltd.
Shop C, Building 459 B
New University Avenue
01- 555-879, 09-4210-81705
• First Class VIP
Limousine Car Rental.
• Professional English
Speaking Drivers.
• Full Insurance for
your Safety and
comfortable journey
• Call us Now for your
best choice
09 - 402 510 003
01-646 330
No. 56, Bo Ywe St,
Latha Tsp, Yangon.
Tel : 01-246551, 375283,
09-2132778, 09-31119195.
Car Rental Service
Zamil Steel
No-5, Pyay Road,
7½ miles,
Mayangone Tsp, Yangon.
Tel: (95-1) 652502~04.
Fax: (95-1) 650306.
Email: zamilsteel@
No. (6), Lane 2
Botahtaung Pagoda St,
01-9010003, 291897.
One-stop Solution for
Sub-station, M&E Work
Design, Supply and
Install (Hotel, High Rise
Building Factory)
193/197, Shu Khin Thar
Street, North Okkalapa
Industrial Zone, Yangon.
Tel: 951-691843~5, 951-
9690297, Fax: 951-691700
Email: supermega97@
The Natural Gems of
Myanmar & Fine Jewellery.
No. 30(A), Pyay Road,
(7 mile), Mayangone Tsp,
Yangon, Myanmar.
Tel : 01-660397, 354398-9
E-mail : spgmes.myanmar
Your Most Reliable
Sole Distributor of
Red Ginseng from
Korea Ginseng Corporation
Tel: 01-374851, 394360
Stores:Coreana @ Junction
Square / Mawtin, UNIQHAN
@U Wisara Rd;
MBICenter. No.16, 87
Diamond Palace Jewelry
Shop (1) - No. 663/665,
Mahar Bandoola Rd,
Yangon. Tel : 01-371 944,
371 454, 371 425
Shop (2) - No.1103/1104/
1105, Ground Fl, Taw Win
Center, Yangon.
Tel : 01-8600111 ext :1103,
09 49307265
Shop (3) - No.B 020,
Ground Fl, Junction
Square Shopping Center,
Tel : 01-527 242 ext : 1081,
09 73203464
Shop (4) – Ground Fl,
Gamonepwint Shopping
Mall, Kabaraye Pagoda
Rd, Yangon.
Tel : 01-653 653 ext : 8205
09 421763490
The Lady Gems &
No. 7, Inya Rd, Kamayut
Tsp, Yangon, Myanmar.
Tel : 01-2305800,
European Quality
& Designs Indoor/
Outdoor Furniture, Hotel
Furniture & All kinds of
No. 422, FJVC Centre,
Ground Floor, Room No. 4,
Strand Road, Botahtaung
Tsp, Yangon, Myanmar.
Tel: 01-202063-4, 09
509-1673 E-mail: contact@
Learn to dance with
social dancing
94, Bogalay Zay St,
Botataung T/S,
Tel : 01-392526,
Get your Visa online for
Business and Tourist
No need to come to
#165. 35th Street,
Kyauktada Tsp, Yangon.
Tel: +951 381200, 204020
Wat er Heat er
Made in Japan
Same as Rinnai Gas Cooker
and Cooker Hood
Showroom Address
Capital Hyper Mart
14(E), Min Nandar Road,
Dawbon Tsp. Ph: 553136.
City Mart (Aung San) tel:
253022, 294765.
Commercial scale
water treatment
(Since 1997)
Tel: 01-218437~38.
H/P: 09-5161431,
39-B, Thazin Lane, Ahlone.
No. (6), Lane 2
Botahtaung Pagoda St,
01-9010003, 291897.
22, Kaba Aye Pagoda Rd,
Bahan Tsp. tel 541997.
email: leplanteur@
Good taste & resonable
@Thamada Hotel
Tel: 01-243047, 243639-41
Ext: 32
G-01, City Mart
(Myay Ni Gone Center).
Tel: 01-508467-70 Ext: 106
G-05, Marketplace by
City Mart.
Tel: 01-523840 Ext: 105
1. WASABI : No.20-B,
Kaba Aye Pagoda Rd,
Yankin Tsp,(Near MiCasa),
Tel; 09-4250-20667,
Myaynigone (City Mart)
Yankin Center (City Mart)
Bo Sun Pat Tower, Bldg
608, Rm 6(B), Cor of
Merchant Rd & Bo Sun
Pat St, PBDN Tsp. Tel:
377263, 250582, 250032,
09-511-7876, 09-862-4563.
Road to Mandalay
Myanmar Hotels &
Cruises Ltd. Governor’s
Residence 39C, Taw Win
Rd, Dagon Tsp, Yangon.
Tel: (951) 229860
fax: (951) 217361. email:
Top Marine Show Room
No-385, Ground Floor,
Lower Pazundaung Road,
Pazundaung Tsp, Yangon.
Ph: 01-202782, 09-851-5597
Schenker (Thai) Ltd.
Yangon 59 A, U Lun
Maung Street. 7 Mile
Pyay Road, MYGN. tel:
667686, 666646.fax:
651250. email: sche
Executive Serviced Offices
Tel : 01-4413410
Shan Yoma Tours Co.,Ltd
Acacia Tea Salon
52, Saya San Rd,
Bahan Tsp.
Tel : 01-554739
Asian Trails Tour Ltd
73 Pyay Rd, Dagon tsp.
tel: 211212, 223262.
fax: 211670. email: res@
Water Treatement Solution
Block (A), Room (G-12),
Pearl Condo, Kabar Aye
Pagoda Rd, Bahan Tsp.
Hot Line : 09-4500-59000
Company Limited
Moby Dick Tours Co., Ltd.
Islands Safari in the Mergui
5 Days, 7 Days, 9 Days Trips
Tel: 95 1 202063, 202064
E-mail: info@islandsafari
mergui.com. Website: www.
World famous Kobe Beef
Near Thuka Kabar
Hospital on Pyay Rd,
Marlar st, Hlaing Tsp.
Tel: +95-1-535072
Enchanting and Romantic,
a Bliss on the Lake
62 D, U Tun Nyein Road,
Mayangon Tsp, Yangon
Tel. 01 665 516, 660976
Mob. 09-730-30755
Delicious Hong Kong Style
Food Restaurant
G-09, City Mart (Myay Ni
Gone Center).
Tel: 01-508467-70 Ext: 114
Heaven Pizza
38/40, Bo Yar Nyunt St.
Yaw Min Gyi Quarter,
Dagon Township.
Tel: 09-855-1383
Quality Chinese Dishes
with Resonable Price
@Marketplace by City Mart.
Tel: 01-523840 Ext.109
Legendary Myanmar Int’l
Shipping & Logistics Co.,
No-9, Rm (A-4), 3
Kyaung St, Myaynigone,
Sanchaung Tsp, Yangon.
Tel: 516827, 523653,
Mobile. 09-512-3049.
Email: legandarymyr@
mptmail.net .mm
For House-Seekers
with Expert Services
In all kinds of Estate Fields
Tel : 09-332 87270
09-2541 26615 (Fees Free)
Media & Advertising
All the way from
Australia. Design
for advertisement is
not easy, reaching to
target audience is even
harder? We are equipped
with great ideas and
partners in Myanmar to
create corporate logo,
business photography,
stationery design, mobile
advertisement on public
transport and billboard/
magazine ads. Talk to us:
(01) 430-897, (0) 942-000-
4554. www.medialane.
No.430(A), Corner of
Dhamazedi Rd & Golden
Valley Rd, Building(2)
Market Place (City Mart),
Bahan Tsp, Yangon.
Tel : 01-523840(Ext-309),
Ocean Center (North
Point), Ground Floor,
Tel : 09-731-83900
Easy access to CBD
Fully furnished facility
Company setup for $1,000
Office available from $360 only
Tel: + 95 1 374851
Email : info@jkmyanmar.com
www.jkmyanmar.com (ENG)
www.3ec.jp/mbic/ (JPN)
Web Services
All the way from Australia.
World-class websites,
come with usability and
responsiveness. Our
works include website,
web apps, e-commerce,
forum, email campaign
and online advertisement.
Plus, we’re the authorised
reseller for local and
international domain
names. So, put your
worries aside and let us
create the awesomeness
you deserved online.
(01) 430-897, (0) 942-000-
4554. www.medialane.
Monsoon Restaurant
& Bar 85/87, Thein Byu
Road, Botahtaung Tsp.
Tel: 295224, 09-501 5653.
The Global leader in
Water Heaters
A/1, Aung San Stadium
East Wing, Upper
Pansodan Road.
Tel: 01-256705, 399464,
394409, 647812.
Horizon Int’l School
25, Po Sein Road, Bahan
Tsp, tel : 541085, 551795,
551796, 450396~7.
fax : 543926, email :
com, www.horizon.com
a drink from paradise...
available on Earth
@Yangon International
Hotel, No.330, Ahlone Rd,
Dagon Tsp, Yangon.
Tel: 09-421040512
No. 36-38 (A), Ground Flr,
Grand Myay Nu Condo,
Myay Nu St, Sanchaung
Tsp, Yangon.
Tel: +95 (01) 230 60 67~71,
Tel: +95 (0) 9 250 294 669
Email: sales@sboc-
Sole Distributor
For the Union of
Myanmar Since 1995
Myanmar Golden Rock
International Co.,Ltd.
#06-01, Bldg (8), Myanmar
ICT Park, University Hlaing
Campus, Hlaing Tsp,
Yangon. Tel: 654810~17.
World’s No.1 Paints &
Coatings Company
No-410, Ground Floor,
Lower Pazundaung Road,
Pazundaung Tsp, Yangon.
Ph: 09-851-5202
Open Daily (9am to 6pm)
No. 797, MAC Tower II,
Rm -4, Ground Flr,
Bogyoke Aung San Rd,
Lamadaw Tsp, Yangon.
Tel: (951) 212944 Ext: 303
Furniture Showroom
Blk-90, BB2/A,
No.2 High Way Road,
Mya Ya Mon Housing,
26 Quarter,
South Dagon Tsp, Yangon.
Tel : 09-2500-68186
Email : sale.desmark@
Bldg-A2, G-Flr, Shwe
Gabar Housing, Mindama
Rd, Mayangone Tsp,
Yangon. email: eko-nr@
Ph: 652391, 09-73108896
Bld-A2, Gr-Fl, Shwe
Gabar Housing, Mindama
Rd, Mayangone Tsp,
Yangon. email: eko-nr@
Ph: 652391, 09-73108896
Relocation Specialist
Rm 504, M.M.G Tower,
#44/56, Kannar Rd,
Botahtaung Tsp.
Tel: 250290, 252313.
Mail : info@asiantigers-
Crown Worldwide
Movers Ltd 790, Rm 702,
Flr Danathiha Centre,
Bogyoke Aung San Rd,
Lanmadaw. Tel: 223288,
210 670, 227650. ext: 702.
Fax: 229212. email: crown
42 Strand Road,
Botahtaung, Yangon.
Tel: 95 9420 180 214, 95
9420 101 854
Design, Fabrication,
Supply & Erection of Steel
Tel : (+95-1) 122 1673
Email : Sales@WEC-
Real Estate Agent
Agent fees is unnecessary
Tel : 09 2050107,
09 448026156
City Mart (47
St Branch)
tel: 200026, 298746.
City Mart (Junction 8)
tel: 650778.
City Mart (FMI City Branch)
tel: 682323.
City Mart (Yankin Center
Branch) tel: 400284.
City Mart (Myaynigone)
tel: 510697.
City Mart (Zawana Branch)
Pre School and Primary
years (Ages 2 to 10)
No. 695, Mahabandola
Road, (Between 19th
& Sint Oh Dan Street),
Latha Township, Yangon.
Tel :01-382213, 395816
home outdoor office
Decorum Showroom,
99 Condo, Ground FLoor,
Rm (A), Damazedi Rd,
Kamayut Tsp, Yangon.
Tel : 09-2504-28700
Yangon Int’l School
Fully Accredited K-12
International Curriculum
with ESL support
Housing, Thingangyun,
Tel: 578171, 573149,
687701, 687702.
Bath Room Accessories
79-B3/B3, East Shwe
Gone Dine, Near SSC
Women’s Center, Bahan.
Tel : 01-401083, 09-
73011100, 09-73056736
No-001-002, Dagon Tower,
Ground Flr, Cor of Kabaraye
Pagoda Rd & Shwe Gon
Dine Rd, Bahan Tsp.
Tel: 544480, 09-730-98872.
Tel : 01-9000712~13 Ext : 330
Singapore Cuisine
Super One Super Market,
Kyaikkasan Branch,
No. 65, Lay Daung Kan Rd,
Man Aung Qtr, Tamwe Tsp,
Yangon. Tel : 01-542371,
Edo Zushi
290-B,U Wisarya Rd,
10 Ward, Kamaryut Tsp,
Tel : (09)259040853
Open daily 11:00~23:00
Property General
BY FAX : 01-254158
BY EMAIL : classified@myanmartimes.com.mm, advertising@myanmartimes.com.mm
BY MAIL : 379/383, Bo Aung Kyaw St, Kyauktada Township, Yangon.
CALL: Khin Mon Mon Yi - 01-392676, 392928
Gamone Pwint Condo,
Rm 4GH, 4th Flr, 3650
sqft, 3 MBR, 2 BR, 1 line
Phone, Full furniture, Hot&
Cold water, Teak Parquet
Floor. Ph: 401285, 553-
823, 09-2561-17979, 09-
Housing for Rent
CONDO for Rent: 4

Floor, Thiri Avenue, Taw
Win Street, 1500 Sq-ft,
Fully Furnish, Yearly
Contract, Please contact
to owner direct, Ph:
200581, 09-500-0621.
Executive Offce Space
In the Heart of Yangon.
Available in May 2014
5 foors available –
5,683.3 ft² per foor
84, Pan Hlaing Street,
Sanchaung, Yangon.
For further info: offce@
HOUSE For Rent: Good
Location, Nice Houes
(2Rc), Fully Furnished,
Fully Aircon, Fair Price,
Contact Number: 09-
731-33100, 09-516-
7655, 09-4200-57735.
(1)NEAR UNDP offce
1200 Sqft , 1 MBR, 2 SR,
fully furnish 1500 USD.
(2)Near Taw Win center,
1250 Sqft, 1 MBR, 2 SR,
part of furnish, 1500 USD
(3)Near Park Royal hotel
, 1800 Sqft, 1 MBR, 2
SR, fully furnish , 4500
USD. (4)NearAung San
stadium, 1500 Sqft, 1
MBR, 2 SR , part of furnish
, 1500 USD. (5) Pansotan
St, Myanmar gon yee
condo, 1500 Sqft, 1 MBR,
2 SR. part of furnish , 1500
USD. Ph: 09-4921-4276,
Lanmadaw 1 St, Ground
Floor, Hong Kong Type,
15' x 50'. with yearly
contract. Ph : 09-731-
condo. Brand new 3 bed
2 bath. $3250/month.
Marble/hardwood ftting,
modern layout. Near
strand hotel/union bar.
j asonwongj p@gmai l .
com, 09-4211-02223.
(CONDO For Rent in
University Avenue St),
1MBR, 2SBR, 4AC,
Full Fun:, 1350 sqft, 16
Lakhs, Call-01-569448,
9 MILE condo Mayangone,
1350 sqft, M2, S1, A/C4,
Ph 1, fully furniture - 16
Lakhs, Contact: 09-432-
WAR Dan St, Lanmadaw,
(25x50), RC 3½, S3, Ph,
AC 3, 65 Ls, Ph: 569448.
6 BED, 4 bath duplex.
3900 sqft, can be used as
residence, offce or both.
bar. jasonwongjp@gmail.
com, 09-4211-02223.
BAHAN, (1)New University
Avenue Rd, New Condo,
1500 sqft, f.f US$ 3500 (2)
Shwe Taung Gyar Rd, 60'
x 60, 2 RC storey, f.f US$
3500 (3)New University
Ave Rd, 2 Flr, 44' x 55' ,
3 MBR, Ph, f.f 25 Lakhs
Maureen : 09-518-8320.
B/OKKALAR, (1)Thit Sar
Rd, RC 3 storey house,
US$ 3000 (2)Kamayut,
Sanyeiknyein Rd, RC 2
storey house, 35 Lakhs
Maureen : 09-518-8320.
MYANGONE, Mini Condo,
fr, 3 bed room, 1 big
living room, 1 Dinning
room and Kitchen, 3
verandas Full furnished,
2 bath rooms, 3 aircons.
Internet, 50'x40', Quiet,
8½mile, Pyay Rd, A-One
Compound. Contact
Ko Thant Zin: 09-730-
69754, 653005.

Mile, Primrose Condo
3Flr,1MBR, 2SBR, Living
Room, 1 Maid Room,
Fully Furnish, Own Car
Parking, Two Elevator,
Security Card System,
Contact: 09-511-1485.
Thiri Avenue, Taw Win St,
1500 Sqft, Fully furnish,
Yearly Contract. Please
contact to owner direct
Ph: 200581, 09-500-0621
Housing for Sale
Yangon Int'l School (YIS),
ILBC Apartment - First
Floor (1,200 Sqft) On Thu
Min Ga La Main Rd, 1
MBR attached bath room
& toilet, 2 SR, Extra Bath
Room & Toilet, Kitchen
Room,Dining Room,
Sitting Room, Near KBZ
Bank, City Mart, Market,
Schools, Circular Train
Station car parking space,
Opposite of YIS Teachers'
apartments Nice, Peace
Location: Ph:09-514-
8138, 01-573881.
Sales (1) Between Bago
Hantharwaddy Airport &
Main Rd Rubber Lands
- 300 Acres (including
rubber plants aged 5
years) (2) Near Bago
Hantharwaddy Airport
Rubber Lands - 60 Acres
(including Required
Official Documents)
Ph:09-4281-93965, 09-
Floor, 24' x 50'. No. 66/B,
Room- (7/B), Yawmingyi
Street, Dagon. Ph :
249196, 249427, 09-
sqft for sale in MICT
park. Large international
conglomerates are
tenants. 18% yield.
Please contact for details.
Condominium, 2200 sqft
commercial/residence for
sale. 3rd foor, wide open
space. 14 ft ceilings. Gym,
cafe, facilities. Prime
downtown location, close
to strand hotel/union bar.
6 BED, 4 bath duplex.
3900 sqft, can be used as
residence, offce or both.
$550k USD, negotiable.
On Thein Phyu St, very
near Monsoon restaurant
and around corner of
union bar. jasonwongjp@
sqft for sale in MICT
park. Easy to rent out
to large international
yield. Pls contact us for
details. jasonwongjp@
Condominium, 2200
sqft commercial/residen
ce for sale. 3rd foor,
wide open space.
14 ft ceilings. Gym,
cafe, facilities. Prime
downtown location, close
to strand hotel/union bar.
j asonwongj p@gmai l .
Want to Rent
- Wanted Couple from
Singapore seeks a
clean and comfortable
house or apartment in
quiet neighbourhood -
not more than 9 miles
fromcity - for long term
stay (minimum 1 year)
commencing J anuary/
February 2014. Rental
USD 2,500 per month.
Email to yadana@
victorymyanmar.com or
call 094-5005-3669
men is looking for
business opportunities
in Myanmar UKE WISE
in Singapore. Any queris
contact me suresh fpdko
Consultancy: Helping
Your Business Grow
Faster and Slaughtering
Your Competition.
Our Strategies and
Tactics will upgrade
your business to a
whole new level which
you never imagined
possible before. For
further information, pls
visit to www.chawzang.
com and mail to
with Drupal CMS Sat &
Sun - 8:00pm-10:00pm
Contact: 09-4211-44937
COMPUTER Services :
Software services, Web
site services. Ph: 09-
GIVE your child the
best possible start to
life at International
Montessori Myanmar
(English Education
Center). Accredited
by IMC Bangkok
(Since 1991), Our
Montessori curriculum
includes: Practical Life
Exercises. Sensorial
Training. Language
D e v e l o p m e n t .
Mathematics. Cultural
Studies. Botany &
Zoology. History.
Creative Art. Music and
Movement. Cooking.
Physical Development.
Social & Emotional
Development. Learning
through play. 55(B),
Po Sein Rd, Bahan,
Yangon, Tel: 546097,
546761. Email: imm.
ENGLISH for Young
learners : Build confden
ce in commu nicating in
English. Build strong
foundation in English
for further education.
Introducing reading
with variety of books.
Using Int'l syllabuses
such as Oxford,
Collins & Cambridge
,etc. Lesson will be
conducted in English.
Taught by qualifed
& internationally
experience teacher.
English for Adults
Speak fuently in various
situations. Improve
your pronunciation
and increase
your vocabulary.
C o m m u n i c a t e
effectively in everyday
situations. English for
social, study, overseas
travel and work
purposes. Teacher
Yamin - Ph : 291-679,
292176, 09-250-136695
LITERATURE study for
IB and SAT up to 12
Grade , it is right to
enjoy reading classic
and persuded writing
,caritical thinking and
world culture External
students can also be
inquired to sit on SAT.If
you had tried as much
as you can to follow
the lesson and you will
get good experiences
and skill .This program
will help you capability
and fll your luck of
and Intermediate
French and Spanish
can also be learnt here.
U Thant Zin, ph 09
5035350 , 01 547442 :
No 28-3 B , Thatipahtan
St, Tamwe
International School,
Guide & Lecturer,
Special for Maths,
Geometry, Algebra I&II,
Calculus. Ph:09-731-
42020. geometry500@
STUDY GUIDE and home
visit for LCCI level 1,2
and 3. Ph : 09-4311-0463
NPNG study coach 10th
standard specialist. Ph:
09-2506-96329. Email:
"SCHOLAR Teaching
Organization" founded
with ME,BE and Master
Degree holder with 12
years experience in
teaching feld.Role &
Responsibility: Making
the students develop
problem solving skills,
critical thinking skills
& I.Q & E.Q enriching
skills, Int'l school (ILBC,
ISM, network, CISM,
IISY, RV). All grades,
All Subjects Singapore
MOE Exams (AEIS,-
AEIS exam), SAT,
Tr.Daniel Caulin : 09-
2150-075, Tr.Bryan :09-
LCCI, Level I,II &III,
MYOB. Ph : 09-520-
Primary Student for
primary level English,
Maths, Science, Geogra
phy, History, English
language. gmail:
carol i ne.zi ta@gmai l .
FOR IGCSE (Edexcel
& Campridge) &
Secondary level Regular
tuition classes Home
tuition Exam preparation
classes All subjects
available Contact: 09-
TEACHERS who have
got Teaching experience
in Singapore, Intl School
(primary & seconday
levels) AEIS, PSLE,
TOEFL, English -
Myamar speaking class
for company, Sayar
Bryan (ME) 09-4200-7
Scholarships, English,
Physics, Chemistry,
Math, IELTS; SAT 1 &
2; Teacher Solomon +
3 experts. Ph:09-541-
For both young learners
& adult, Good foundation
in Grammar, Good
foundation in English,
General English-4 skills,
Business English-4
skills, Vocabulary
enrichment course.
Intensive classes only
& no home visit . Ba
Yint Naung Tower – 1,
G Flr, Room - C&D,
Kamaryut, Yangon. Ph:
09-4500- 45 916, gmail:
English, Maths,
Myanmar, Geography,
History, Science, Social,
English Language. If
you need to coach your
child. Please do contact
at Teacher Caroline :
carol i ne.zi ta@gami l .
English? Learn English
with native speaker! -4
skills, Business English,
IELTS graduation, IELTS
foundation, Custom
Program. We are going
to open our new intake at
2nd December and offer
20,000 kyats Discount.
Contact our Friendly
Customer Service
Offcers for complete
information. Ph: 09-731-
62586, 09-4211-19895,
01-230-5699, 01-230-
5822. Email: info@
edulinkaustralia.com .
Add : Bldg 6, J unction
Square, Kamaryut,
HOME Tution & Guide :
For pre - KG, Primary
& secondary level.
Specialized in Maths &
Biology. Tr. Daw Khin
Swe Win (B.E.H.S
Thuwunna) Rtd. Ph: 09-
Expert Services
PRIME Engineer Co.,
Ltd. Building (A), Room
(501), Yuzana Housing
Compound. New
Yaetarshae Rd, Bahan,
Yangon, Myanmar,
Offce (+95) 9 31337444,
Email: primeengineering
can trust. Business
Service for foreign
investors. 905, 9F,
Panchan Tower, Corner
of Dhamazedi Rd &
Bagayar Rd, Sanchaung
Tsp, Yangon. Tel: 01-
503895, Email :yangon_
info@v2m.jp, http://
For Rent
year, 15,000km. almost
new condition. $500 /
month without driver. Car
only. No-broker fee (real
owner) Aceyangon79@
gmail.com. Ph : 09-4313-
For Sale
10' (hydrolic door) 2007
Engine Power 4900CC
Pw, Ac, Ps front butterfy,
Lay type 3 Tan, 1 G (190
Canntar box 10' (2006)
Engine power 3000 CC,
Pw, Ac, Ps front butterfy,
Lay type 2 Tan, 1 G, Price
:195 Lakhs, Pls contact
: Ma Thanzin : 09-731-
1250 KVA (1000KW) 500
KVA Cummins Genset
Volvo Genset Stamford
Alternator Sound Proof
Type Sound Proof Type.
Ph : 01 525218, 09-540-
1589, 09-512-4909
MACBOOK Pro (2012
Model ) Intel Core i5
Ram4GB H.D.D 500GB
Mac OS 10.9 +Window
7. Price : 920000. Ph:
MACBOOK Pro (2012
Model) Intel Core i5 Ram
4GB, H.D.D 500GB.
Price :920000. Ph:09-
LAPTOP Lenovo Core
i3 Ram 2gb HDD 500
GB like new condition
HP Core i5 (Third
Generation) Ram 4GB
500HDD Graphic 1GB
J ust like new condition
HP Core i3 Third
generation Ram 2GB
HDD 500 Graphic 1GB -
300000 Acer Core2Dua
-170000. Ph: 09-3177-
800 MHZ ) Black Colour
with full accessories and
original box . 2 months
used only very good
condition with 2 covers .
Price – 75000 Kyats. Ph:
CAR, Mazda RX 8 [ Sport
Type ] [ 2007 Model ] [
pearl white, ] (PS, PW,
TV, Security System,
Cyclone Engine) Ph:
ASUS A45V Blue Colour
Intel Core i5 3rd, Ram
- 4GB H.D.D - 500GB
Graphic 2GB Price-
460000. Ph: 09-4200-
800 MHZ ) Black Colour
with full accessories and
original box . 2 months
used only very good
condition with 2 covers .
Price – 80000 Kyats Ph:
LANGUAGE Profciency:
Effective & Scientifc
way. Tutor/ Translator/
Interpreter. (Such
language: Hindi/
Sanskrit/ Bengali/
Nepali/ English &
Myanmar), R.S. Verma.
B.Sc., (Bot), Yangon.
(UFL-English), Yangon.
E-mail: rs verma.
Phone: 09-730-42604,
LANGUAGE Profciency:
Effective & Scientifc
way. Tutor, Translator,
Interpreter. (Such
languages : Hindi,
Sanskrit, Bengali, Nepali,
English & Myanmar)
R.S. Verma. B.Sc., (Bot)
Yangon. Email:rs verma.
ph: 09-730-42604.
language for foreigners
Near Myay Ni Gone
City Mart, Shin Saw Pu
Pagoda St. Tel: 09 4200
30 782
TEACHING English for
adults Near Myay Ni
Gone City Mart, Shin
Saw Pu Pagoda Street.
09 4200 30 782
Want to learn Myanmar
Speaking at your home?
Contact : 09-517-9125,
WITHIN 24 hours can
make you confdient
in Myanmar language
speaking and scripts!
Teacher Phyu Phyu
Khin 09-4930-8926,
com, No.56 I, Thiri Marlar
Lane, 7.5 mile, Pyay
Road, Yangon.
ENGLISH Grammar for
all classes. Ph: 09-541-
CHINESE for all grades.
Ph: 09-541-3847.
GIVE your child the best
possible start to life at Int'l
Montessori Myanmar
(English Education
Center) Accredited by
IMC Bangkok (Since
1991), Our Montessori
curriculum includes:
Practical Life Exercises,
Sensorial Training,
Language Development,
Mathematics, Cultural
Studies, Botany &
Zoology, History,
Creative Art, Music and
Movement, Cooking
Physical Development,
Social & Emotional
Development, Learning
through play, 55(B),
Po Sein Rd, Bahan,
Yangon, Ph: 546097,
546761, Email: imm.myn
Foreigners, Ph: 09-
ENGLISH for Adults
&Young Learners 100
% face to face classroom
based lessons, Small
classroomsized, limited
seats, Variety of learning
resources Experienced,
internationally qualifed
teacher who get the best
out of you, whatever your
level. Offer courses that
build your confdence
for practical situations
and improve important
areas such as Speaking
and Listening in English.
English for young
learners : Teacher Yamin
- Ph: (01) 291679, 09-
Want to learn Myanmar
speaking at your home?
Contact : 09-517-9125,
WEB Development
& Design Training
Sat&Sun - 1:00pm-
3:00pm. Contact: 09-
DECENT Myanmar
Training School Personal
Management & Business
Management Trainings
Basic English Grammar
IELTS preparation English
for Specifc Purpose-
ESP. (1)Spoken English
(2) Business Writing (3)
Business English (4)
English for Marketing
(5) English for HRM (6)
English for Media (7)
English for IT (8) English
for Law (9) English for
Marine Engineering (10)
English for Medicine 29/
B, Rm7, Myay Nu St,
UN Positions
THE Int'l Organization for
Migration (IOM) offce
in Yangon is seeking
Security Guard 1 post in
Thaton Tsp, Mon State.
Interested Organization
for Migration (Thaton
Sub Offce), 9/A, Min
Rd (Min Lan), Lake Inn
Ward, Thaton Township
Ingo Positions
Society is seeking(1)
Project Offcer 1 post
in Yangon : University
degree, Strong English
language skills, 1 year
relevant experience.
Must be profcient in
software such Microsoft
Word, Excel, Powerpoint
& Internet access.(2)
Communi t y Saf et y
& Resi l i ence (CSR)
Coordi nator 1 post in
Nay Pyi Taw : University
Degree or advanced
education, certifcate in
health/ social science,
management or other
relevant subject. 3
years of experience.
Effective both Myanmar
& English Language
skills. Effective
computer knowledge.
(3) Asst Coordi nator
1 post in Nay Pyi
Taw: Any graduate. 3
years programming
experi ences i n
protection programme
or projects (NGO/
INGO experience
would be an asset).
Strong computer skill.
Good language skills in
Myanmar and English.
Red Cross Volunteers
are preferable. Pls
send application letter,
CV & related documents
to Myanmar Red
Cross Society Head
Offce, Yazathingaha
Rd, Dekkhinathiri,
Nay Pyi Taw. Or
mrcshrrecrui t ment @
gmail.com, Closing date
: 25-2-2014.
Society is seeking
Assi st ant Fi nance
Offcer 1 post in Nay
Pyi Taw: University
Degree. Relevant
educational background
(accounting, fnance).
Effective English
language skills. Effective
computer knowledge.
Red Cross Volunteers
are preferable. Pls send
application letter, CV
and related documents
to Myanmar Red
Cross Society Head
Offce. Yazathingaha
Rd, Dekkhinathiri,
Nay Pyi Taw. Or
mrcshrrecrui t ment @
gmail.com, Closing date
: 18.2.2014.
Society is seeking
Finance Offcer 1 post
in Yangon: CPA or B
Com/ B Accounting
or relevant university
degree on accounting
or Commerce. Relevant
training in fnancial
management. 2 years
experience of working
for a humanitarian
aid organization in
fnancial management
in Myanmar. High level
of computer skills in
MS Excel and other
MS Offce applications.
Effective English
language skill. Red
Cross Volunteers are
preferable. Pls send
application letter, CV
& related documents
to Myanmar Red
Cross Society Head
Offce, Yazathingaha
Rd, Dekkhinathiri,
Nay Pyi Taw. Or
mrcshrrecrui t ment @
gmail.com. Closing
date: 24.2. 2014.
THE Int'l Rescue
Committee (IRC) is
seeking Project Offcer
Agri cul t ure 2 post
in Myebon, Rakhine
State. Bachelor's
degree in related feld.
2 yeras experience.
Ability to work and
travel in remote areas.
Experience of work
with NGO is an asset.
Skilled in community
mobilization, facilitation
and health promotion.
Skilled in Excel, Word
software. Very good
command of English
& Myanmar - written
& verbal. Pls submit a
Cover letter CV to the
HR Department not
later than 21
2014. Pls send email at:
rescue.org or IRC offce.
(1) International Rescue
Committee (IRC),
No.33/A, Natmauk
Lane Thwe (1), Bocho
(2) Quarter, Bahan,
Society is seeking
Admi n & Fi nance
Assi st ant (Township
Branch Project) 1 post
in Falam Township
with frequent travel to
project sites: Myanmar
National. Relevant
educational background
(accounting, fnance,
administration or
equivalent). 2 years
experience in a similar
position, preferably with
a local or international
organization. Effective
English language skills.
Effective computer
knowledge (Microsoft
Offce & Internet). Red
Cross Volunteers are
preferable. Pls send
application letter, CV
& related documents
to Myanmar Red
Cross Society Head
Offce, Yazathingaha
Rd, Dekkhinathiri,
Nay Pyi Taw. Or
mrcshrrecrui t ment @
gmail.com Closing date:
CROSS Society is
seeking (1) Fi el d
Coordi nator -1 Post (2)
Accountability, Equity,
Inclusion Offcer - 1
Post (3) Branch Project
Fi nance & Admi n
Offcer - 1 Post (4) Field
Supervi sor - 2 Posts
(5) Fi el d Assi st ant
- 1 Post.Application
process: Pls send your
application letter, CV
& related documents
to Myanmar Red
Cross Society (Head
Office) Yazatingaha
Rd, Dekkhinathiri,
Nay Pyi Taw.
gmail.com For
more information &
application, pls visit to
www. myanmarredcross
society.org Pls mention
“Position Title”in subject
if you apply.
(1) ADMIN & Fi nance
Assi stant - 1 post
Application process: Pls
send your application
letter, CV and related
documents to Myanmar
Red Cross Society (Head
Office) Yazatingaha
Rd, Dekkhinathiri,
Nay Pyi Taw.
gmail. com For
more information
& appl i cat i on,
pls visit to www.
org Pls mention
“Position Title”in subject
if you apply.
Society is seeking Water
and Sanitation Offcer
1 post in MRCS-Nay
Pyi Taw and frequently
travel to program areas:
Myanmar National.
University Degree in
Water & Sanitation,
Civil Engineering or
related feld. 3 years of
experience in related
community based
water & sanitation
project. Effective
computer knowledge
(MS Offce, Internet).
Red Cross Volunteers
are preferable. Pls
send application letter,
CV & related documents
to Myanmar Red
Cross Society Head
Offce, Yazathingaha
Rd, Dekkhinathiri,
Nay Pyi Taw. Or
mrcshrrecrui t ment @
(MDM) is seeking(1)
Met hadone Advi sor
1 post in Moegaung,
Kachin State: MBBS
(with valid medical
registration: SAMA).
1 year experience as
a Methadone medical
doctor in the feld
of Harm Reduction.
Fluency in English.
Computer skills. (2)
Account 1 post in
Yangon: Bachelor of
Economic (or) Diploma
of Accounting. 2 years
experience. Fluency in
Myanmar & English.
Computer skill. Pls
submit CV & a cover
letter to MDM Country
Coordination Offce in
Yangon. 11(B), Mahar
Myaing St, Sanchaung,
Yangon. Ph: 01-230
4015, 09-731-71002
Or Email: offce.mdm
Local Positions
VACANCY announce-
ment: Offce Staff (2)
Post Female- Must have
higher or equivalent
to university degree.
Communication in
English Speaking,
Writing and Oral Skill.
More than 2 years of
sales experience is
preferred. Experience in
good dealing with high
levels of corporations
preferred. Able to
work with MS Offce
application. Able to work
independently and hard
working. Able to access
the client requirement
in skilled development.
Interested candidates,
please send your
resume and cover letter
along with the date of
availability to email:
s a n g mi n . k i m0 2 @
gmail.com, Only short
listed candidates will
be notifed and interview
will be arranged in very
near future. For more
information, please
contact to 95-1-228004.
STAR LIGHT Star Bright
International premium
pre - school is seeking
(1)School Admi n
Executi ve - 1 Post (2)
Cl ass Teacher -1 Post
(3)Assi stant Teacher/
Engl i sh teacher -1Post
(4)Cl eaner- 2 Post (5)
Gardener - 1 Post (6)
Driver - 1 Post. Please
email to pyi@slsb-
preschool.com or call
seeking (1).Java
Software Engi neer - 1
year experience working
as a IT man or software
engineer. Programming
language: VBA, J ava/
Linux/Oracle. Good
English communication.
Have Japanese skill is
a plus. (2).Japanese
Int erpret er - can
translate from English
to Japanese & vice
versa; TOEFL> 450,
Japanese > N2 or
equivalent. Excellent
Computer skill in using
MS Offce and other
software necessary for
work. Have good skill
in analysis, forecast,
solving problems and
preventing risk. Have
basic knowledge of
IT is plus. (3).Bri dge
Software Engi neer -
Solid knowledge/skills
(1-3 years experience):
Cloud Systems such as
Amazon AWS. Content
Distribution network,
Linux installation,
maintenance &
upgrade skills. Network
confguration including
router confguration.
J2EE application
server installation and
confguration. System
monitoring and alerts.
Japanese : N2. Good
English communication,
reading, writing. We
offer the attractive
salary. Closing date
: 16.3.2014. Pls
send CV via email:
ngocvt 8@f pt . com. vn
to get more details.
Contact us: Ms.Ngoc
(Mob: 250675565; Tel:
+95 1 218223) 60/A
Pyidaungzu Yeiktha
St, Dagon tsp, Yangon,
FRESH male/female
graduates of any
discipline with a good
command of written
and spoken English
are invited to apply as
Commercial Trainees
for a Singapore based
Trading company
having requirement for
its offce in Yangon.
Working knowledge
of computers and a
pleasant outgoing
personality shall be an
advantage. Please apply
to vatsal@evertopcom.
com Commer ci al
Trainees Post : M/F, Any
Graduate, Age 25 to 45,
3 years experienced,
Good command of 4
skill English, Must be
able to travel.
Showroom is seeking
( 1 ) G o v e r n m e n t
Relation Offcer - M/ F
2 Posts : Graduated with
Business, Commerce &
Int'l Relation, Age 26 ~
50, directly report to
GM, Well knowledge of
Government Business,
Government Relation,
Government Rules &
Regulations, Govern
ment Procedures
& Private Business
Development Plan
& Strategy, 3 ~ 4
years experienced in
Business Development
Sector, Government
Sector (MOC, MIC,
Custom) and especially
in Automobile Business,
Able to use Computer
& can speak & write
well in English (Korean
Language skill is also
welcomed) and can go
business travel to Nay
Pyi Taw and any other
places if necessary,
Government retired is
more preferable. (2)
Sal es & Market i ng
Manager - M/F 1 Post
: Age between 25 ~
40, Graduated, fuent
in English, 3 or 4 year
experience in the related
feld & experience in
automotive and lubricant
feld, must have a
record of performance
with a very persuasive,
empathetic selling
style and must also
have legal experience
for documentation and
evaluated assets and
building sales network
and have driving
license.Can be able to
travel any located in
Myanmar and well know
new market research,
(3)B to B (OR) Deal er
Secti on Manager - M/F
1 Post : Age between 25
to 40, Graduated, fuent
in English, 3 or 4 year
experience, must have
a record of performance
with a very persuasive,
empathetic selling
style. Self-motivated
& competitive with
a strong drive to get
things done. Must also
have legal experience
for documentation
and evaluated assets
and building sales
network & have driving
license.Can be able
to travel any located
in Myanmar. Closing
Date: 28.2.2014. Add:
37(A), 3 Quarter,
Thamine J unction,
Mayangone, Yangon.
01-654881~84, Email:
fk.i ntermotor@gmai l .
WE ARE looking
for English Nat i ve
Speaki ng Teachers
with a University Degree
and Teaching Certifcate
from Canada, USA,
UK, Australia, NZ,
Singapore to teach one
or more of: English,
Maths, Chemistry,
Physics, Computer
Science, Biology,
History, Geography... at
a Senior High School
(G- 12) Level in Yangon.
Anyone interested
please contact 09-506-
2891, 09-4200-79631.
& Tours is seeking
Tour Oper at or.
The candidate for
the Tour Operator
position should ideally
meet the following
requirements: Good
command of English
and Computing Skills,
A good personality, Age
between 20 & 30, A team
player and a person of
integrity. Interested
candidates possessing
the above qualifcations
can call 01 527 379 or
send in their CV’s via
e-mail to sashan@
Yangon is urgently
looking for (1) Human
Resources Assi stant -
1 ~ 2 years experience,
good English & good
personality (2) Guest
Rel ati on Manager - 3
~ 4 years experience,
very good English,
good personality (3)
Bar Supervi sor - 2 ~
3 years experience,
good English and good
personality (4) Dri ver -
3 years experience (5)
Securi ty - M 2 post,
2 years experience
(Casual) (6) Door Girl - F
2 post, good personality
(Casual) Application
letter by email to
gener al manager @
com or 129,
Dhammazedi Rd,
Yangon. Tel: 526298,
526289. Pls mention
the desire position on
the application letter.
WE ARE seeking 3
vacancies of the forist
for my foral service &
gift shop. Female forists
urgently required.
Please contact : 09-
(1) Customer Servi ce
Manger - F 1 post (2)
Export & Import Staff
- M/F 3 posts (3) Sal es
& Marketi ng - M/F
2 posts (4)Cust om
Cl earance M/F- 3
posts (5)Operat i on
(packer)-M 5 posts (6)
Seni or Accountant -F
1 post (7)Cashi er - F
1 post. Travel & Tour
: (1).Tour Operati on
Manager - M/F 1 post (2)
Operati on Staff - M/F 3
post (3) HR Manager -
F 1 post Requirement
for Qualifcation, skill
& experiences are as
per our conversation.
Legendary Myanmar:
No,9 A-4 3 Flr Kyaung
Lane Myaeni Gone,
P h:01-823653,516-
795, 503467 hr.
legendary myanmar@
Ltd is a foreign legal
consultancy frm. We
invite motivated and
committed individuals to
join us as (1) Lawyers
who will work on a
variety of corporate &
commercial matters
& transactions in
Myanmar. If you are
a Myanmar-qualifed
lawyer with strong
English language skills,
you are invited to apply
to join our Myanmar
practi ce group.
Myanmar nationals
admitted to int’l bars are
also welcome to apply.
Training will be provided.
Applicants may email to
kl m@kcyangon.com.
(2) Corporate Affai rs
Execut i ve/Assi st ant
As a corporate affairs
you will be involved with
business development,
networking, market
research & liaison
work. Applicants
should be profcient
in English, energetic
& self-motivated.
All nationalities are
welcome (Myanmar,
Japanese, Korean,
Chinese, Taiwanese,
etc). Pls email to kk@
ELITE Int'l School is
seeking (1). Engl i sh
Teachers (Foreigner)
(2). Engl i sh Teachers
(Local ) (3). Subj ect
Teachers (Secondary
& Primary Levels) (4).
Musi c Teachers (5).
Drawi ng Teachers
Should you be interested
send your detailed CV
to 27, Bayintnaung Main
Rd, Hlaing, Yangon. Ph:
01-531117 Email:elitein
ternationalschool09 @
TYPIST : High school
graduate, Good key
board skills & a decent
command of the English
(spelling, grammar
& punctuation) to
produce high quality
documents, Effcient &
pay attention to detail,
Can use computer
software packages,
including Word, Excel &
Power Point, Are a good
communicator, Produce
neat and well-presented
work, Are discreet –
much of the information
you will be dealing with
will be confdential. Ph:
134 A, Than Lwin Rd,
Golden Valley Ward 1,
Bahan, (BOX 729 GPO)
Yangon. Ph: 526 180.
NESTLE is seeking (1)
Sal es Trade Devel op
ment Manager (Base in
Mandalay). Bachelor's
Degree in Business
Administration or rele
vant education degree.5
years' experience, in
FMCG is preferable.
(2) Nutri ti on Advi sor-
Yangon/Mandal ay/
M a w l a my a i n g .
Bachelor's Degree in
Medical, Food Science,
Food Technology, Nurs
ing, Pharmaceutical or
any Science related
feld. 1 year experience
in Nutrition. (3)
Marketi ng Executi ve-
Nestle Professional.
Bachelor's Degree in
Business Administration
or related education
degree. 3 years experien
ce in Marketing.
(4) Agr onomi st .
Bachelor's Degree
in Agriculture. 1 or
2 years experience.
For all posts : Good
command of English
& Computer literacy.
Pls submit complete
detailed resume to
Nestle Myanmar Ltd,
Flr 11
Towers, No.65, Corner
of Sule Pagoda Rd
and Merchant St,
Kyauktada, Yangon,
Or email to: zinhnaung
a@nest l emyanmar.
com.mm (OR) tztzha@
serious, confident,
experienced t ayl or
(man/woman) for small
bag production. Good
working conditions,
Golden Valley, Yangon.
Contact phone for
details: 09-504-1359
MYANMAR' S largest
advertising agency
seeks a Cl i ent Servi ce
Repr esent at i ve to
serve customers by
providing agency service
information; managing
client communications;
and coordinating with
management and SAIL
employees to deploy
advertising services.
Requirement : High
English ability. Professio
nal dress. Highly
confident engaging
with foreign clients,
Market knowledge,
Interpersonal skills,
D o c u me n t a t i o n
skills. Pls apply to:
SAIL Marketing &
Communications www.
com, 790, Bogyoke Rd
and Wadan Rd J unction
Suite 603, Danathiha
Center, Lanmadaw. Ph:
211870, 224820
A C C O U N T A N T S ,
Gener al Cl er ks,
Market i ng & Sal es
Persons - M/F : Age
above 30 - Urgent Need
US$ 1,000 /Month, Free
accomodation, Food,
Transport Yearly Bonus,
Local Allowances,
Festival Allowances
To work in Nigeria,
Lagos. 25 Myanmar
are working there. No
agent fees, Air Ticket
Free, During Vacation
with pay CPA or ACCA
or M.Ba or B.Com or
D.Ma or LCCI or any
Accounting Academic
Good for English
speaking, Computer
skill & MYOB & other
accounting package.
Ph:01-573881, 09-514-
Centre is seeking
Medi cal Doctor - F 1
post : M.B,B.S Graduate
with SA MA registration,
2 years experience in
medical feld, Good com
munication in English,
Must be able to use
computer, internet and
Microsoft application
with excellent skills.
We welcome the
candidates who are
trust worthy, self-
motivated with positive
working attitude. Pls
submit: CV with relevant
certifcates, documents,
recommendation letter
attach and documents,
& expected salary. Rm
G-07, G Flr, Diamond
Center, Pyay Rd, Kama
yut. Tel : 532 438, 532
447, Email : yangon@
posts medical products
sales experience.
Glorious Light Trading
Co., Ltd Ph--09-201-
2304 , 01-391683
A LEADING Shipping
Company, based
in Singapore with
business activities
in freight forwarding
services is seeking (1).
Management Trai nee
(2).Sal es Execut i ve:
a degree holder from a
recognized university,
Age above 25; Possess
superior oral & written
communication skills
as well as strong
interpersonal skills
and exhibit good
judgment, & function
with minimal guidance
in a highly demanding
environment; Able to
speak and write English
with profciency; Able to
use computer effectively
and efficiently;
Applications will be
accepted until positions
are flled. Pls apply via
email with a recent
photograph to star2013.
col l et t e@gmai l . com
our website at www.
com .
THE ASAHI Shimbun:
Japanese newspaper
is seeking; Admi n and
Reporter (Female) - 1
post : Essential English
skill in writing & speaking,
Age not more than 35,
Please send resume to
asahi yangon@gmai l .
Ltd is a foreign legal
consultancy firm.
We invite motivated
& committed indivi
duals to join us as:
Admi ni strati ve Execu
ti ve : Good written &
spoken communication
skills in English.
Mature and capable of
supervising & directing
subordinates. Must be
well-organized, meti
culous, have initiative
& execute instructions
promptly. Some account
ing back ground &
experien ce preferred.
Pls send full resume
stating their current
and expected salaries,
together with a recent
photograph to chw@
Going for gold: The athletes of the 2014 Winter Olympic Games in Sochi
1. Sweden’s Niklas Edin reacts during the men’s curling round
robin session 3 match between Sweden and Canada at the
Ice Cube Curling Centre on February 11.
2. Canada’s Sarah Reid takes off during skeleton training at
the Sanki Sliding Center in Rosa Khutor on February 11.
3. Poland’s Maciej Bydlinski takes part in a men’s alpine skiing
super combined downhill training session at the Rosa
Khutor Alpine Center on February 11.
4. Tied gold medalists Tina Maze of Slovenia (right) and
Switzerland’s Dominique Gisin stand on the podium at the
women’s alpine skiing downhill flower ceremony at the
Rosa Khutor Alpine Center on February 12.
5. American Shaun White competes in the men’s snowboard
halfpipe Final at the Rosa Khutor Extreme Park on
February 11.
6. The Netherlands’ Jan Smeekens competes during the men’s
speed skating 500m at the Adler Arena on February 10.
7. Russia’s Tatiana Volosozhar and Russia’s Maxim Trankov
perform their figure skating pairs free program at the
Iceberg Skating Palace on February 12.
8. The Czech Republic’s goalkeeper Alexander Salak (centre)
makes a save in front of Sweden’s Loui Eriksson during the
Czech Republic vs Sweden ice hockey game at the Bolshoy
Arena on February 12. Photos: AFP
1 5
8 7
Sport 63 www.mmtimes.com
OR Brazilian football fans,
love of the sport goes more
than skin deep, and Delneri
Martins Viana wears his
heart and a good deal more
besides on his sleeve as a fanatical
supporter of Rio side Botafogo.
Retired soldier Delneri describes
himself as the club’s “most fanatical”
fan – and he certainly looks the part,
with his body covered in no less than
83 tattoos showing the sporting love of
his life.
Brazilians live and breathe foot-
ball: From get-
ting in a taxi to
standing in
the supermarket queue, the conversa-
tion almost always comes round to it
as a perfect way to break the social ice.
Men, women, children, everyone
has a view on a subject that fascinates
There’s the trader who years ago
made a solemn promise to wear his
club’s colours day after day.
And then there are the families
who, almost as soon as their child is
born, rush to have it registered as a
club member.
Club often comes before country –
though team loyalties will be put aside
in a year when Brazil’s national team
bid to land their fifth World Cup, and
on home soil, in June.
Delneri, 69, says he likes the na-
tional team too but explains their
games “just don’t have the same emo-
tion” as when he is watching his Bota-
“I was born ‘botafoguense’,” says
moustachioed Delneri.
Born in a small southern town, he
never imagined living one day in Rio
de Janeiro, the home of his sporting
But, aged 23, he joined
the army and came to the
“Marvelous City.” Since
then, his allegiance
has been black and
white – the colours
of Botafogo,
once the team
of the legendary
“There’s nothing
else in my ward-
robe,” grins Delneri,
who does all he can to attend all of
Botafogo’s games, home or away.
Once at the stadium, he makes
his way with purpose up to the ter-
races clad in black and white shorts, of
course, and flip-flops likewise in club
No need for a shirt either; his tat-
toos make his loyalties perfectly plain.
Many of those gathered come over
to greet him and have their picture
taken with “the tattooed one”, who has
become something of a celebrity.
Delneri doesn’t stop at tattoos ei-
ther, carefully painting fingers and
toes black and applying the white star
club logo on top.
“Getting a tattoo done is painful.
But if you do it because you want to
then it’s a pleasure,” he beams, indi-
cating he may have some more done
to cover the few bits of skin which re-
main bare.
Brazilians refer to such football fa-
natics as torcedor doente (a sick fan).
Delneri retorts, “The ones who
don’t support Botafogo are the sick
Delneri had his first tattoo done
14 years ago and dedicated it to Gar-
Since then he has become a walk-
ing advert for the club, his works of
body art ranging from badges to mot-
tos and anthems.
He even has one in honour of Bir-
iba, a dog belonging to a former club
chairman who would take the animal
to games in the belief that he brought
the team luck.
Botafoguense are superstitious
like that, and that goes for Delneri’s
daughter Glaucia, who won’t take her
place in the stands unless she is wear-
ing an ofcial team jersey.
Glaucia, 44, and younger sibling
Marcela, 38, each have their own tat-
toos – albeit ‘only’ 10. But they both
accompany their father to matches
whenever they can.
“I went to the Maracana from the
age of six. I learned to love the club
as my father does and now it’s my
passion,” says Glaucia, whose Bota-
fogo page on Facebook has 2800 fol-
Brazilian women in general take
their football very seriously and more
than hold their own when it comes to
debating performances and tactics.
Delneri’s wife Malvina Gonçalves
only attends games occasionally. But
she carefully maintains the home they
have shared for 45 years as a shrine to
their team.
Their house in the modest Rio
suburb of Bangu bears a sign reads,
“Welcome – but please don’t speak ill
of Botafogo.”
Inside, the decor is black and white,
and several pictures of the team are on
display with other club efects.
In addition, the family dogs are
named after Garrincha and former
Uruguayan favorite Loco Abreu.
“I think I love my club more than I
do myself,” chortles Malvina.
Her husband interjects that she
comes first for him – but Botafogo are
a close second. – AFP
Soccer passion that is more than skin deep
Delneri Martins Viana watches a Botafogo match at Sao Genario stadium in Rio
de Janeiro, Brazil, on January 21. Photo: AFP
64 THE MYANMAR TIMES FEBRUARY 17 - 23, 2014 SPORT EDITOR: Tim McLaughlin | timothy.mclaughlin3@gmail.com
The 2014 Winter
Olympics in pictures
AN American university football star,
Michael Sam, has publicly revealed that
he is gay, placing him in the unprece-
dented position of likely becoming the
first openly homosexual player drafted
by an NFL team.
In interviews last week with ESPN’s
“Outside the Lines” and The New York
Times, Sam said he was going pub-
lic with information that was already
known to his teammates and coaches
at the University of Missouri.
“I am an openly, proud gay man,”
Sam, a 24-year-old defensive lineman
who was the Southeast Conference’s
Defensive Player of the Year, told ESPN.
Sam is eligible for the NFL draft in
May. If drafted, he would be the first
openly gay player in the ultra-macho
league’s history.
“I understand how big this is,” he
told ESPN. “It’s a big deal. No one has
done this before. And it’s kind of a nerv-
ous process, but I know what I want to
be .... I want to be a football player in
the NFL.”
Sam, projected to be a middle-
round draft selection, said he decided
to speak out now because he wanted to
tell his own story.
“We’re really happy for Michael that
he’s made the decision to announce
this, and we’re proud of him and how
he represents Mizzou,” University of
Missouri coach Gary Pinkel said in a
“He’s taught a lot of people here
first-hand that it doesn’t matter what
your background is, or your personal
orientation. We’re all on the same team
and we all support each other.”
Publicly, the NFL also voiced sup-
“We admire Michael Sam’s honesty
and courage,” the league said in a state-
ment. “Michael is a football player. Any
player with ability and determination
can succeed in the NFL.
“We look forward to welcoming and
supporting Michael Sam in 2014.”
Sarah Kate Ellis, head of GLAAD,
a lesbian, gay and bisexual rights
group, ofered her group’s support and
claimed that it’s “clear that America is
ready for an openly gay football star”.
football prospect
announces he’s gay
For many, Sochi is
a family affair
HE Winter Olympics may
be a multi-billion dollar
enterprise reaching every
corner of the globe – but
for many the Sochi Games
are a strictly family afair.
There are Dutch speed skating
twins, three Canadian freestyle ski-
ing sisters, another three Swiss sib-
lings in the biathlon and a father-
and-son combination in ice hockey
among many other family groups.
Not content with reaching the
moguls final all together, the Dufour-
Lapointe sisters made of with gold
and silver at the Rosa Khutor Ex-
treme Park.
It was 19-year-old Justine, the
youngest of the three, who tri-
umphed – and she admitted she had
been inspired by her siblings.
“I saw my sisters in the World Cup
and I watched Chloe (who won silver
in Sochi) in Vancouver. I decided I
wanted to train hard. I have always
been a competitive tiger. I take after
my dad. It’s how I grew up so it’s nor-
Proud father Yves said the success
was partly down to strong “family
values” and mum Johane said sister-
hood has always come first.
“At times, one sister would be
happy for her high result, but we
would try not to make them feel bet-
ter than the others. We consulted a
psychologist,” she said.
“We wanted to treat all the girls
equally. They are first and foremost
sisters. Sometimes they fall out, but
now they are mature enough to han-
dle themselves.”
And the sisters are not the only
family threesome at the Games.
South Korea’s short-track skater
Park Se-Yeong is in Sochi alongside
big sisters Park Seung-Hi, also a
short-track skater, and speed skater
Park Seung-Ju.
And the Swiss Gasparin sisters –
Selina, Elisa and Aita – are among
seven sibling combinations compet-
ing in biathlon.
Elsewhere, the Dutch Mulder
twins, Michel and Ronald, took gold
and bronze in the men’s 500m speed
skating event.
“Of course the perfect scenario
would be for me to win gold and my
brother after me,” said Ronald. “But
I’m really happy I made it to the po-
US Nordic combined brothers
Bryan and Taylor Fletcher admit
there is an edge when they compete
but say they also look out for one an-
“There’s definitely sibling rivalry,
but we have each other’s back and
work together to try to get the best
result for both instead of one-up on
each other,” said Bryan, the older by
four years.
“I will try to give him tips but he
doesn’t need too many,” Taylor said of
Bryan. “Like how to race the rhythm
of the course and stick behind some-
one on the downhill so you can sling-
shot past them.”
US-born ice dancers Cathy Reed
and brother Chris are competing for
Japan in Sochi.
Born in Michigan, the brother-sis-
ter duo began their ice dance career
competing for the United States but
later switched to representing the
country of their mother’s birth.
“The Japanese fans have been so
supportive of us,” Chris Reed said.
“We want to honour that support
with our skating. We want to give the
support they have given us back to
At the 2010 Vancouver Games
there were three Reed siblings com-
peting – with younger sister Allison
Reed representing Georgia. She has
since switched both partners and
countries to Israel but is not compet-
ing in Russia.
Veteran Russian luger Albert
Demchenko, who won silver on Feb-
ruary 9 in his seventh Winter Games,
had hoped to compete alongside his
daughter, Viktoria, but those hopes
were dashed when the 18-year-old
failed to qualify for the national
But Slovenian ice hockey head
coach Matjaz Kopitar is at the Olym-
pics alongside his son Anze – the
only player from the country in the
National Hockey League.
“He was always pushing himself.
He had good genes, worked hard and
became a good hockey player,” said
Matjaz, remembering his son as a
young boy.
With brothers David and Marcel
Rodman also playing an important
role for Slovenia, the coach said the
key to success at the Games was cre-
ating a family feeling.
“We must be like the big family of
the ice that we are. And on the ice we
need to be more than 100 percent.”
South Korea’s Park Seung-Ju
competes on February 11. Photo: AFP
Silver medallist Chloe Dufour-Lapointe (L) holds hands with her sister gold
medallist, Justine Dufour-Lapointe at the Rosa Khutor Extreme Park in Sochi
on February 8. Photo: AFP