HIV/AIDS EDUCATION GUIDE

For: Coaches, trainers and peer educators

      Lusaka, November 2007 

Kalusha Foundation
The Kalusha Foundation is a non-governmental charitable organization which was established by Mr. Kalusha Bwalya in June 2003. Our vision is:

“A HEALTHY BODY, A HEALTHY FUTURE”
To that end we promote youth football and conduct HIV/AIDS awareness among youth. The Kalusha Foundation’s main activities are providing coaching courses, organising workshops, organising football leagues and tournaments (both boys and girls) and providing HIV/AIDS and other ‘life skills’ education. The highest need at present is for reproductive health information and life skills education. A lot still has to be done to get this education to a higher level; more coaches and peer educators need to be trained. With this information folder we are trying to take the first step! Because as we all know: everyone is involved; either you are infected or affected. As a volunteer of our foundation we ask you to implement the information in this folder into your current activities. Our main focus for the coming year will be on the life skills education, and you are able to help us with that! You can do this by implementing the movement games, by having chats and discussions with your teams, by letting them write poems, by asking them the provided questions and so on. The life skills education should be given at least once a week for all the teams both boys and girls under our foundation. Before a match, during a tournament or even as a separate activity, it’s up to you. We ask you to go through the provided information carefully and would like to thank you in advance for your support! Please contact one of us if anything is unclear, and keep in mind: ‘a healthy body, a healthy future’. Thank you for extending Kalusha Foundation's capacity to develop football and contribute to development of communities. All the best! Team Kalusha Foundation Lombe Mwambwa Enala Phiri Floor van Straaten Marlies van der Kolk
Tel: +260 211 266025 +260 211 266024 Fax: Mobiles: + 260 977303373 + 260 977679216 www.kalushafoundation.org info@kalushafoundation.org kbfzambia@kalushafoundation.org

|| Contact: info@kalushafoundation.org || +260 97 30 33 73 || Lusaka, Zambia ||

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1. Introduction
HIV/AIDS are words, which every person in Zambia knows, only, what do they mean? In Zambia, HIV/AIDS remains a challenge as it affects families and individuals causing death and illness. In order to prevent ourselves and the youth around us from acquiring HIV/AIDS we must have information about it. In this Guide, we will explain what HIV/AIDS is and how we can use this information while we educate the children in our football teams and our communities. First, we will describe HIV/AIDS and after this you will find different ways of using this information in your movement games, your education and group discussions. This will be a guideline for you, the coach, trainer or peer educator. Think about your impact on the children that you coach, you can educate them! You as a coach for example, can be a role model for the children. 1.1 What is HIV/AIDS? First, a few facts about AIDS. AIDS is an incurable illness caused by the HIV virus. HIV stands for Human Immune Deficiency Virus, and is sometimes also called the AIDS virus. The virus breaks down the immune system. This makes the body more susceptible to all manner of infections and certain forms of cancer, which it would otherwise be able to withstand. AIDS stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. This means that a person's immune system no longer functions as it should. This allows the tenacious virus to do its destructive work and break down the immune system. If someone is found HIV positive, it does not mean this person is ill. With other words, if someone is HIV positive, it does not mean this person has AIDS. The HIV virus is passed on: • • • • By unsafe sexual contact with a person who is seropositive; By receiving infected blood; By using contaminated injection needles; From a seropositive mother to an unborn child.

The HIV virus cannot be passed on: • • • By casual contact or just by breathing infected air By sweat, tears or urine By mosquito bites or other insects

|| Contact: info@kalushafoundation.org || +260 97 30 33 73 || Lusaka, Zambia ||

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How can we make sure HIV/AIDS is no longer passed on?
The taboo on HIV/AIDS is still present. Many people think that you can cure yourself by sleeping or even raping a young child or virgin for example, but this is not true! Also, you cannot see on someone’s face if he or she is infected. Because this virus for many people is just ‘a word’ instead of a real threat for everyone, it is our role as educators to teach people something about this. In order to effectively do so we need to have the right information.

You can change your own life and the lives of so many others! 1.2 Our role as the Kalusha Foundation
The Foundations role as mentioned earlier to help you the coaches and peer leaders through the provision of training and information material. This guide will help you lead HIV/AIDS discussions and awareness activities. This is just a guide; feel free to address issues and matters that may not have been raised in this publication. It is imperative that accurate information is given at all times, if you are not sure about something contact someone who has information or read about it. Together with all of us we can fight HIV/AIDS by telling the children, playing with them and informing them about the dangers of HIV/AIDS. Before heading to the movement games, you have to know the 4 important elements of good and successful education: • • Knowledge – this is necessary for good education, if you as a coach or peer do not know what you are talking about, you cannot teach the children Life skills – you need to be able to show the children, how they have to use condoms for example. Note that the girls need to be informed too, because most of the times they are most vulnerable! And most important, research has shown that football and this education can really improve their self esteem and respect for their body! Safe environment – you need a safe place, were you can have some space to educate the children. They need to feel free to discuss these difficult subjects, to set their personal boundaries, and so on. Of course, playing football will already create an informal and social setting which will be seen as a safe place. Also important, besides a safe environment is the fact of feeling safe in a team, with a coach or peer. The children need to feel safe and the coaches and peers are responsible for this result, do not ever use your position to get something the children do not want! Access to a social network – this is important in fighting HIV/AIDS. People can discuss certain subjects, meet with each other and discuss difficulties and achievements, and so on. Also for the children the football network is important; they can meet with their friends and other children (for example street kids). Coaches can use this opportunity to educate the children during these sporting activities

|| Contact: info@kalushafoundation.org || +260 97 30 33 73 || Lusaka, Zambia ||

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1.3 Focus
We will focus on both tournaments as on the regular competition. During the tournaments many children can be reached, both competing teams as the children who are watching. It might be difficult to reach these people, but this is your challenge!

1.4 Who we are educating about HIV/AIDS
The children we are working with are mostly in a phase called adolescence. In order to inform and interact with them properly we need to understand them. It is this phase also that is significant to behaviour and value formation that can help them develop their life skills.

Adolescence
This is the time in a person’s life when they develop from a child into an adult. There are several physical and psychological changes that take place during this transition. This is an important time in a person’s life as it is a formative stage; it is a time when youths adapt or form values and habits that they carry into their adult life. Adolescence can be broken into three stages; the physical changes that occur during these stages are coupled with psychological and behavioural changes.

Early Adolescence
• • Can be a time of acute embarrassment and intensity of feeling. The individual fights to keep control of his or her feelings. Due to the above emerging feelings and physical change, the adolescent no longer wishes to be treated as a child. Anxiety over physical development Emotional independence of parents, this may be seen in deliberate independence of thought. The adolescent adopts contrary views to those he or she has been brought up with Seeking to establish a unique identity and yet also to belong Subject to peer pressure Consider oneself man/ woman Experiment sexually A chaste upbringing is no guarantee that experimentation will not take place because personal values prevail. Peer pressure continues to play a part

Middle Adolescence
• •

• • • • • •

Late Adolescence

In the next chapter you will find movement games developed by the Kicking AIDS Out! Network. They will guide you in your education during the football activities. Good luck!

|| Contact: info@kalushafoundation.org || +260 97 30 33 73 || Lusaka, Zambia ||

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2. Movement games

Game 1
Game: Number of players: Group: Age: Time: Skills needed: Life skills: Materials: Power ball 15-20 Boys/ girls/ mix 8-15 years 30 minutes Throwing, catching The danger of blood to blood contact Light ball, playing field (restricted)

The game description: Divide the field into two equal fields. Both teams will try to hit each other. The are not allowed to hit each other on the head or hands. These two body parts are free and can be used as a shield to prevent themselves from getting hit by the ball. The players are not allowed to walk with the ball or to leave the field with the ball. If you get hit, you have to go to the hospital for a few minutes and then you can go in again.
Hospital

Team 1

Team 2

Hospital

Message:

Variation:

Note:

A player has to go out and into the hospital because she is ill. She has an open wound and has to take care of this first before playing again. From the hospital you can come back to play again • When a player is out she has to go across to the other hospital. All balls that are thrown outside the field may be caught by the player going to the hospital and if she throws and hits a player from the other team, she can go back in without visiting the hospital • When a player catches the ball, the thrower is out • Use two balls Only play this awareness game if the children know how to play this game. So practice first!

|| Contact: info@kalushafoundation.org || +260 97 30 33 73 || Lusaka, Zambia ||

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Game 2
Game: Number of players: Group: Age: Time: Skills needed: Life skills: Materials: The game description:
Two players, the hunters, use the balls to hit the other players. They will hunt them by playing together. The hunters are not allowed to walk when holding the ball. They cannot hit the other players on their heads. The ones who are hit have to go to the hospital.

Hunters ball 10-25 Girls/ boys/ mix 10-13 years 10-15 min Running, throwing Cover up open wounds One (soft) ball

Hospital

H H

H = hunter

Message:

Variation:

A player is out because she is hurt and cannot play any more with an open wound. She needs to nurse the wound in the hospital first before she can play again (in a new game) • 3 hunters • 2 balls • Smaller or larger playing field

|| Contact: info@kalushafoundation.org || +260 97 30 33 73 || Lusaka, Zambia ||

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Game 3
Game: Number of players: Group: Age: Time: Skills needed: Life skills: Materials: The game description:
Divide the group into pares. They have to be 1,5 metres away from each other, in a line. Behind them, you create a ‘true’ line and a ‘not true’ line. These lines should be behind the rows, about 2 metres. The group near to the ‘true’ line is the ‘true group’ and the others are the ‘not true group’. You, the coach, asks a question about HIV/AIDS. If the answer is true, the ‘true group’ runs to the line behind them, and the other group has to try to reach and touch them. If the answer is ‘not true’, it will happen the other way around of course.

Reaction game 6+ Girls/ boys/ mix 10-13 years 10 min. Sprinting/ running Basic knowledge of HIV/AIDS Cons and a line in the middle

T T T T T C T = True group N = Not true group C = Coach
Points: • • •

N N N N N

1 point for the correct answer 1 point for reaching the line without being touched by the other team 1 point for touching the other team

Message:

Every team is responsible for their own score This depends on the questions

|| Contact: info@kalushafoundation.org || +260 97 30 33 73 || Lusaka, Zambia ||

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Game 4
Game: Number of players: Group: Age: Time: Skills needed: Life skills: Materials: Description of the game: 10 Ball 10-20 Girls/ boys/ mix 11 + years 15-20 minutes Throwing and catching Teamwork, varies with questions 1 ball

Team A tries to throw the ball 10 times within the team. When they succeed without the other team touching the ball, team A gets 1 point. You cannot throw the ball back to the player you got the ball from. If team B gets the ball or the ball hits the ground, team B gets to throw the ball 10 times.

Message:

Variation:

When a team throws the ball 10 times they can earn extra points by answering a question about HIV/AIDS correctly. The questions can be about the prevention of HIV for example. • Change the number of passes (10) to more or less to score points • Only allow to throw in a certain way (left hand, for example) • Do not let the teams run with the ball

|| Contact: info@kalushafoundation.org || +260 97 30 33 73 || Lusaka, Zambia ||

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3. Questions
The questions for this age category are mostly focused on the prevention of getting infected with HIV by blood contact. Also the image of infected people is important here; it should be improved starting with the little ones. Children of this age should be able to say “no” against unwanted activities.

Questions for children aged 8-13 years
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 You can get AIDS by cuddling You can get AIDS by eating of the same plate or by drinking out of the same cup A football team has got 9 players You can get AIDS from touching someone’s blood Someone infected with AIDS is a bad person You cannot get AIDS by holding hands A football is smaller than a basketball You cannot always see if a person is HIV infected If someone touches you, and you do not like it, you should always say “No” People play rugby with a round ball You can play with someone who is HIV infected You have to be careful with blood Rich people do not get AIDS Children cannot get AIDS If you are bleeding and drops fall down on the ground, you have to clean it You can go to a clinic to get information on HIV/AIDS If you see a needle you should pick it up immediately If you help someone who is bleeding you should always wear plastic gloves It is not dangerous to be friends with someone who is HIV infected False False False True False True True True True False True True False False True True False True True

|| Contact: info@kalushafoundation.org || +260 97 30 33 73 || Lusaka, Zambia ||

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Questions for children aged 13-17 years
The questions in this age category are about contamination through sexual contact. Of course, the coach or peer should not promote sexual behaviour. The best and only way to have safe sex is no sex at all.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 You can get AIDS by cuddling Over 70% of the people living in Zambia is infected with HIV/AIDS You can get AIDS by eating of the same plate or drinking out of the same cup There is no medicine that can cure HIV/AIDS You can get AIDS by touching someone’s blood Someone infected with HIV is a bad person You cannot get AIDS by holding hands When you kiss someone, there’s a risk of being infected You cannot always tell if someone is AIDS infected You cannot get AIDS if you share toilet, shower and bath If someone touches you and you do not like it, you should always say “No” It is ‘cool’ to have several girlfriends at the same time You can play outside with someone who is HIV infected If you have sexual intercourse for the first time you cannot get AIDS infected You should be careful with blood and other physical fluids One night stands are normal Sex with a condom is less safe than no sex You have to say “no” if your partner does not use a condom Children cannot get AIDS AIDS is passed on by mosquito’s If you bleed, and the drops fall down on the ground, you have to clean it You can go to a clinic to get information on HIV/AIDS When you see a needle on the ground, you have to pick it up immediately You can only get infected with HIV if you are not married It is not dangerous to be friends with someone who is HIV infected False False False True True False True False True True True False True False True False True True False False True True False False True

|| Contact: info@kalushafoundation.org || +260 97 30 33 73 || Lusaka, Zambia ||

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VISIT WWW.KALUSHAFOUNDATION.ORG

“A HEALTHY BODY, A HEALTHY FUTURE”
Team Kalusha Foundation 
Lombe Mwambwa || Enala Phiri || Floor van Straaten || Marlies van der Kolk

Tel:

+260 211 266025 +260 211 266024

Fax: Mobiles: E-mail:

+ 260 977303373 + 260 977679216 info@kalushafoundation.org kbfzambia@kalushafoundation.org 38 Mutende Road, Woodlands, P.O. Box 36927 10101 Lusaka Zambia

Address:

|| Contact: info@kalushafoundation.org || +260 97 30 33 73 || Lusaka, Zambia ||

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