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# Borax Titrations

Heat up your borax powder in water 60 C. It will dissolve, it might look slightly murky thats good (it means it is saturated). You want the solid to settle at the bottom. Take out 5 mL of your borax solution at 60 C and put it into a flask. MAKE SURE YOU DONT TRANSFER ANY SOLID BORAX LEAVE IT AT THE BOTTOM!!!! By doing step, you are transferring a saturated solution of borate ions at 60 C (volume 5 mL). Wash out your pipette a few times with dI water so that you get all the borax that was initially dissolved at. Now heres the part that will confuse people: you want to add water so that all the borate is dissolved. You are still measuring how much borax (moles) was dissolved in the 5 mL aliquot that you took out, just in a round-about way.

Add your indicator, and titrate the borate solution (this is equation 7 in your book) against a 0.500 M HCl solution. Record how much HCl it takes to titrate the borate ion. You can then determine the concentration of your borate ion from equation 7

Take borax put in water. It wont dissolve completely. Heat to 60 C Take out 5 mL quickly with pipette once it is saturated and transfer to flask. Add water until it is dissolved.
If you dont transfer quickly, the Borax will precipitate and youll have to re-do this step.

Lower the heat setting a little so youre ready for your next trial @ 55 C before you start doing your first titration this will save a ton of time. Add indicator Titrate with 0.500 M HCl
Stop at end point record volume of HCl used

## Repeat for 55, 45, 35, 25 C

. = = ( ) = . =

You will have 4 to 5 trials. Each trial is at a different temperature (60, 55, 45, 35, 25 C) From each trial, it will take a different amount of HCl to neutralize the borate ion Therefore, each trial will have a different value for the concentration of borate ion dissolved in your 5 mL aliquot.

Because each trial has a different value for the borate ion concentration, each trial will have its own unique value. Which can be calculated from this equation:
= 1 1 = 333 1 1 2 2 55 328 = 328 1 1 3 3 45 318 = 318 1 1 4 4 35 308 = 308 1 1 5 5 25 298 = 298 1 1 60 333

= =

## The vant hoff equation look it up!

Taking the equation of your line by plotting ln will give you all the information you need Suppose your lines equation is = + . = + = = = = = . = .
1

= . . . = . = = . The units for the slope are , the y-intercept has no units. This is because ln(k) is also unitless. If you have a positive slope, the Enthalpy is negative. If you have a negative slope, the Enthalpy is positive.