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STUTTERING IS Hiding Burying myself in books Whispering Using bad habit Trying to be perfect Ignoring People Annoying Words

caught in my throat Being stared at Not talking Avoiding Words caught in my mouth Scary Handicap Embarrassing Eating lunch by myself Trying to hide my speech Not chiming in Speeding Up Choppy Keeping to yourself Redirection attention Saying other things Covering Up Doing More Worrying all the time Throat drying up Hesitating Being Paranoid Never Volunteering (National Association of young people who stutter) www.friendswhostutter.org

A speech disorder where sounds, syllables, or words are repeated or prolonged, disrupting the normal flow of speech.

3 million Americans Stutter Stuttering affects people of all ages It occurs most often in children between the ages of 2 and 5 5% of all children will stutter for some time in their life 75% of preschoolers who begin to stutter will eventually stop Boys are twice as likely to stutter than girls 1% or less of adults stutter

Actress Emily Blunt Marilyn Monroe Actor James Earl Jones Athlete Darren Sproles

Includes repetition of words or part of words Prolongations of speech sounds Appearance of speech is very tense or out of breath when talking Speech may become completely stopped or blocked Interjections such as um or like can occur

W- W-W, Where are you going? Part word repetition. SSSS ave me a seat. Sound prolongation Ill meet you- umm umm you know like around six oclock. A series of interjections.

Two types of stuttering that are common among individuals. Developmental stuttering: occurs in young children while learning speech and language skills. It also runs in families. Neurogenic stuttering may happen after a stroke, head trauma, or any type of brain injury. This takes place when the brain has coordinating difficulties with the different areas of the brain that deals with speaking. The brain, nerves, or muscles are not receiving signals due to trauma. A third type of stuttering known as psychogenic stuttering can be caused my emotional trauma or problems with thought or reasoning not associated with learning speech, language skills, or trauma to the voice.

Stuttering can be diagnosed by a speech language pathologist or SLP. The SLP looks at behaviors, a childs case history of when the stuttering was first noticed, family history, and how long the stuttering has lasted.

Early Intervention Stuttering Therapy: learning ways to limit stuttering. Electronic Devices: They help control fluency. Self-help groups

Friends Who Stutter National Stuttering Association Stuttering Foundation of America The American Speech Language-Hearing Association NIDCD: National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders

American Speech-Language Hearing Association. (2014). Retrieved from www.asha.org National Institute on Deafness and other Communication Disorders. (NIDCD). (2010). Retrieved from www.nidcd.nih.gov National Stuttering Association. (2014). Retrieved from www.westutter.org