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Benefits of Watershed Management

Improve water quality by breaking down, removing, using or retaining nutrients , waste and sediment carried to the wetland with runoff from the watershed.

Reduce downstream flooding by retaining water and releasing it during drier periods.


Protect river banks and coastlines from erosion.


Recharge groundwater, therefore reducing water shortages during dry spells.

Provide food and other products, such as fish or shellfish for human consumption.

Provide fish and wildlife including numerous rare and endangered species with food, habitat, breeding grounds and resting areas.

Increase opportunities for recreation, bird watching, photography and outdoor education.

Water and Sewerage Authority Public Education Centre corner Farm Road and Priority Bus Route, St. Joseph Tel:645-0535/ 662-9694 Fax: 645-3793

What is a Watershed?
A watershed also called a catchment basin, is a region drained by a stream, lake or other body of water. It is a basin-shaped area in which all water or precipitation, sediments and other materials will flow to the same outlet. Watersheds are natural systems that link the land, water and living organisms, including people within its boundaries. How we live on the land affect the quality and quantity of water within the watershed. Watersheds provide water for drinking, irrigation and streams. Many people enjoy the streams and rivers for their beauty and for recreational purposes. However, healthy watersheds also provide food and shelter for wildlife.

The Importance of Watershed Management

Watersheds are useful for forestry, agricultural development, erosion control, water supply, pollution and fisheries management. Proper management of watersheds is therefore necessary to help reduce flood damage, decrease the loss of green space, reduce soil erosion and improve water quality. Fire Housing

What is Watershed Management

Watershed Management is a process of integrated decision-making regarding issues and modifications of lands and waters within a watershed. It is promoting planned changes to the watersheds drainage so as to maintain the land, vegetation and water within the catchment basin. It basically ensures the conservation of all the resources in the area and assures that everyone benefits without adversely affecting each other. In Trinidad and Tobago, watershed management is presently a coordinated effort amongst a number of ministries and agencies. The Forestry Division, Environmental Management Authority, Water Resources Agency and Water and Sewerage Authority play key roles in the management of the countrys watersheds.



Watershed management system at the Arena Reservoir maintains river levels in the Caroni river during the dry season.

One of the most critical watersheds in Trinidad and Tobago is the Caroni Basin, which serves as a source of approximately 30% of the countrys potable water supply.

Uncontrolled Agriculture