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# Well, there are three laws of motion 1) Every object ramains at rest unless an external force acts on it.

If an object is moving, it will tend to move is a strainght line unless acted on by an external force. Translation:- In terms of momentum, it is saying that an objects momentum remains constant unless a force acts on it, in which case, its momentum will change, either in magnitude, direction or both. The law tells us how to recognize the presence of a force by observing an objects momentum. EG Any object that remains stationary with respect to the earth's surface. Any object that is moving with constant velocity in a straight line such as a car on the highway. 2) The rate of change of momentum is proportional to the applied force and takes place in the direction of the force. Translation:- This law tells us how to calculate the strength of the force by observing how fast the momentum of an object changes. The faster the change of momentum, the stronger the force. So, we can say that Force is proportional to (change in momentum / time). Using the normal notation for time, force, mass , velocity and acceleration we get F (prop to ) (mv1 - mv2) / t m = mass; v1 = final velocity; v2 = initial velocity; t = time For velocities much less than the speed of light, we can take the mass as being constant To change this into an equation, we must introduce the constant of proportionality. But, if we choose our units carefully, we can arrange that this constant has a value of 1. So we can say F = m(v1 - v2) / t But, by definition, the rate of change of velocity is called acceleration. So F=ma EG An accelerating car. As you put your foot on the gas peddle, you increase the force with wihich the engine can turn the wheels. The strength of the force can be calculated from the 2nd law. 3) Every action has an equal and opposite reaction.

Translation:- This is saying that in any collision, the total momentum remains unchanged in the absence of any external forces. EG If you push down of a table top, the table pushes back on you with an equal force. But the force is acting in the opposite direction to your push. If your push was stronger than the tables, the table would experience an excess force and that force would change its momentum. So it would move. It would probably collapse. If the table's push on you was larger, you would experience an excess force and your momentum would change, providing that the force exceeded your weight. A ball bouncing on a solid surface.