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# SCHEME OF WORK FOR FORM 5 PHYSICS & ANNUAL TEACHING PLAN 2011 LEARNING AREA: WAVES

Week
W1

Learning Objective
6.1 Understanding Waves

Learning Outcomes
A student is able to: describe !at is "eant b# ave "otion.

Suggested Activities

Notes

Minimum Exercises
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(bserve situations to gain an idea o% aves as illustrated b# vibrations in ro&es) slin*# s&rings) or ri&&le tan*. +arr# out activities using a ri&&le tan* and slin*# s&ring to de"onstrate: a, t!at aves trans%er energ# it!our trans%erring "atter. b, transverse and longitudinal aves c, ave%ronts d, t!e direction o% &ro&agation o% aves in relation to ave%ronts. Vie co"&uter si"ulationd to gain an idea o% : a, transverse and longitudinal aves b, ave%ronts c, direction o% &ro&agation o% aves in relation to ave%ronts %or transverse and longitudinal aves.

recogni\$e t!at aves trans%er energ# it!out trans%erring "atter. co"&are transverse and longitudinal aves and give e'a"&les o% eac!. state !at is "eant b# a ave %ront. state t!e direction o% &ro&agation o% aves in relation to ave%ronts.

Week

Learning Objective

Learning Outcomes

Suggested Activities

Notes

Minimum Exercises

W.
de%ine i. a"&litude ii. &eriod iii. %re1uenc# iv. avelengt! v. ave s&eed

(bserve an oscillating s#ste" suc! as a si"&le &endulu" or a loaded s&ring to de%ine a"&litude) &eriod and %re1uenc#. Vie co"&uter si"ulations to gain and understanding o% : a, a"&litude 3a, b, &eriod 34, c, %re1uenc# 3%, d, avelengt! 3 , e, ave s&eed 3v, 5iscuss a"&litude and &eriod it! t!e aid o% a dis&lace"ent6 ti"e gra&! %or a ave.

s*etc! and inter&ret a dis&lace"ent 2 ti"e gra&! %or a ave. s*etc! and inter&ret a dis&lace"ent 2 distance gra&! %or a ave. clari%# t!e relations!i& bet een s&eed) avelengt! and %re1uenc#. solve &roble"s involving s&eed) avelengt! and %re1uenc#. describe da"&ing in a oscillating s#ste". describe resonance in a oscillating s#ste".

5iscuss a"&litude and avelengt! it! t!e aid o% a dis&lace"ent6 distance gra&! %or a ave 5iscuss t!e relations!i& bet een s&eed) avelengt! and %re1uenc#. 5iscuss to solve &roble"s involving s&eed) avelengt! and %re1uenc#. (bserve and discuss t!e e%%ect o% 7 a, da"&ing in an oscillating s#ste" b, resonance in an ossillating s#ste" suc! as a 8arton9s &endulu".

## V : % can be derived %ro" v: s t

Week

Learning Objective
6.. Anal#sing re%lection o% aves

Learning Outcomes

Suggested Activities

Notes

Minimum Exercises

W;

A student is able to: 5escribe re%lection o% aves in ter"s o% angle o% incidence) angle o% re%lection) avelengt!) %re1uenc#) s&eed and direction o% &ro&agation

+arr# out activities to observe re%lection o%: a, &lane aves in a ri&&le tan*) b, lig!t) c, sound aves. 5iscuss t!e c!aracteristics o% t!e re%lected ave in ter"s o% t!e angle o% re%lection) avelengt!) %re1uenc#) s&eed and direction o% &ro&agation in relation to t!e incidence ave. Vie co"&uter si"ulations o% re%lection o% aves.

Re%lection o% circular ater aves and t!e use o% curved re%lectors are not re1uired.

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## 6.; Anal#sing re%raction o% aves

A student is able to: describe re%raction o% aves in ter"s o% t!e angle o% incidence) angle o% re%raction) avelengt!) %re1uenc#) s&eed and direction o% &ro&agation. 5ra a diagra" to s!o re%raction o% aves

+arr# out activities to observe re%raction o% : a, &lane ater aves in a ri&&le tan*) b, lig!t aves) c, sound aves. 5iscuss t!e c!aracteristics o% t!e re%racted ave in ter"s o% t!e angle o% re%raction) avelengt!) %re1uenc#) s&eed and direction o% &ro&agation in relation to t!e incident ave. Vie co"&uter si"ulations o% re%raction o% aves

Include re%raction o% ater aves over straig!t) concave and conve' trans&arent bloc*s.

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W<

## 5iscuss t!e e%%ect o% si\$e o% ga& on t!e degree

Week

Learning Objective
o% aves

Learning Outcomes
describe di%%raction o% aves in ter"s o% avelengt!) %re1uenc#) s&eed) direction o% &ro&agation and s!a&e o% aves. 5ra a diagra" to s!o di%%raction o% aves. a, b, c,

Suggested Activities
ater aves in a ri&&le tan*) lig!t aves) sound aves.

Notes
o% di%%raction.

Minimum Exercises
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5iscuss t!e c!aracteristics o% t!e di%%racted aves in ter"s o% avelengt!) %re1uenc#) s&eed) direction o% &ro&agation and s!a&e o% aves in relation to t!e incident ave. Vie co"&uter si"ulations on di%%raction o% aves. A student is able to:

W/

## 6./ Anal#sing inter%erence o% ave

(bserve a "ec!anical "odel suc! as a slin*# s&ring to gain an idea o% su&er&osition. +arr# out activities to observe inter%erence &atterns o%: a, ater aves in a ri&&le tan*) b, lig!t aves) c, sound aves 5iscus constructive and destructive inter%erence

## =oung9s double slit e'&eri"ent "a# be used to s!o inter%erence o% lig!t.

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e'&lain t!e inter%erence o% aves dra inter%erence &atterns inter&ret inter%erence &atterns

5iscus : a' 5

## solve &roble"s involving : a' 5

6 avelengt! > 2 t!e distance bet een t o consecutive nodes A 2 t!e distance bet een t!e t o ave sources 5 2 t!e &er&endicular distance %ro" t!e source to t!e &osition !ere ' is "easured

W6

5iscuss a,

## t!e &roduction o% sound b#

Week

Learning Objective

Learning Outcomes

Suggested Activities
vibrating sources sound aves as a longitudinal ave re1uiring a "ediu" %or &ro&agation

Notes

Minimum Exercises
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b,

e'&lain !o t!e loudness relates to a"&litude e'&lain !o t!e &itc! relates to %re1uenc# describe a&&lications o% re%lection o% sound aves calculate distances using t!e re%lection o% sound aves

Vie co"&uter si"ulations or carr# out activities to observe t!e e%%ect o% : a, a"&litude on loudness b, %re1uenc# on &itc! Vie co"&uter si"ulations or video to gain an idea o% a&&lications o% sound aves Researc! and re&ort on a&&lications o% t!e re%lection o% sound aves) e.g sonar and ultrasound scanning

W0

## 6.0 Anal#\$ing electro"agnetic aves

A student is able to: . describe t!e electro"agnetic s&ectru" . state t!at visible lig!t is a &art o% electro"agnetic s&ectru". . list sources o% electro"agnetic aves . describe t!e &ro&erties o% electro"agnetic aves . describe a&&lications o% electro"agnetic aves

Researc! and re&ort on t!e co"&onent o% t!e electro"agnetic s&ectru" in ter"s o%7 a, b, decreasing avelengt! and increasing %re1uenc# sources

## E"&!asise t!at t!e electro"agnetic s&ectru" is continuous.

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5iscuss t!e &ro&erties o% electro"agnetic aves. 5iscuss a&&lications o% electro"agnetic aves suc! as: a, radio aves in broadcasting and co""unications) b, "icro aves in satellites and cellular tele&!ones c, in%ra6 red ra#s in !ouse!old

Week

Learning Objective

Learning Outcomes

Suggested Activities
a&&liances) re"ote control and nig!t vision devices) visible lig!t in o&tical %ibres and &!otogra&!#) ultraviolet ra#s in %luorescent la"&s and sterillsation) '6ra#s in !os&ital and engineering a&&lications ga""a ra#s in "edical treat"ent

Notes

Minimum Exercises
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d, e, %, g, . describe t!e detri"ental e%%ects o% e'cessive e'&osure to certain co"&onents o% t!e electro"agnetic s&ectru"

Researc! and re&ort on t!e detri"ental e%%ects o% e'cessive e'&osure to certain co"&onents o% t!e electro"agnetic s&ectru".

## LEARNING AREA: ELE+4RI+I4=

Week
W?

Learning Objective
0.1 Anal#sing electric %ields and c!arge %lo

Learning Outcomes
A student is able to: state t!e relations!i& bet een electron %lo and electric current. de%ine electric current. describe an electric %ield. s*etc! electric %ield lines s!o ing t!e direction o% t!e %ield.

Suggested Activities

Notes

Vocabulary

## 5iscuss electric current as t!e rate o% c!arge %lo ) i.e.

+arr# out activities@vie co"&uter si"ulations to stud# electric %ield lines %or di%%erent arrange"ents o% c!arges. (bserve t!e e%%ect o% an electric %ield on: a &ing6&ong ball coated it! conducting "aterial) a candle %la"e.

Q I = t

Recall t!e activit# carried out using a Van de Gra%% generator to s!o t!e relations!i& bet een electric c!arge and current %lo .

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## 5iscuss to solve &roble"s involving electric c!arge and current.

WB

0.. Anal#sing t!e relations!i& bet een electric current and &otential di%%erence

## A student is able to: 5e%ine &otential di%%erence.

Vie co"&uter si"ulations to gain an understanding o% &otential di%%erence. 5iscuss &otential di%%erence3V, as or* done 3W, !en "oving 1 + o% c!arge3A, bet een t o &oints in an electric %ield ) i.e. V:

## Cotential di%%erence and voltage "a# be used interc!angeabl# !ere.

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W1-

W Q

Clan and conduct an e'&eri"ent to %ind t!e relations!i& bet een current and &otential di%%erence 5escribe t!e relations!i& bet een current and &otential di%%erence. State (!"9s la 5e%ine resistance

Clan and conduct an e'&eri"ent to %ind t!e relations!i& bet een current and &otential di%%erence %or an o!"ic conductor. 5iscuss (!"9s la as t!e relations!i& bet een &otential di%%erence and current at constant te"&erature.

5iscuss resistance as t!e ratio o% &otential di%%erence to current %or an o!"ic conductor. conduct e'&eri"ents to stud# and discuss %actors t!at a%%ect resistance) i.e. t!e t#&e o% "aterial) cross6sectional area) lengt! and te"&erature. 5iscuss to solve &roble"s involving &otential di%%erence) current and resistance. Researc! and re&ort on su&erconductors

## Solve &roble" involving &otential di%%erence) current and resistance.

5escribe su&erconductors

W11

## 0.; Anal#sing series and &arallel circuits

A student is able to : Identi%# series and &arallel circuits. +o"&are t!e current and &otential di%%erence o% series circuits and &arallel circuits. +arr# out activities to identi%# series and &arallel circuits. +arr# out activities to stud# t!e current) I and &otential di%%erence) V in series and &arallel circuits using a""etes and volt"eters to s!o t!e value o% I and V. +alculate t!e e%%ective resistors connected in : a, series b, &arallel resistance o%

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W1.

## 0.< Anal#sing electro"otive %orce and internal resistance

5eter"ine t!e e%%ective resistance o% resistors connected in series. 5eter"ine t!e e%%ective resistance o% resistors connected in &arallel. Solve &roble"s involving current) &otential di%%erence and resistance in series circuits) &arallel circuits and t!eir co"binations A student s!ould be able to: 5e%ine electro"otive %orce 3e.".%,

5iscuss and a&&l# &rinci&les o%current) &otential di%%erence and resistance in series and &arallel circuits to ne situations and to solve &roble"s.

5iscuss e.".% as t!e or* done b# a source in driving a unit c!arge around a co"&lete circuit. +arr# out activities to distinguis! bet een e.".% and &otential di%%erence +arr# out an activit# to stud# interal resistance +arr# out an activit# to deter"ine e.".% and internal resistance o% a batter# b# &lotting a voltage agaist current gra&! 5iscuss to solve &roble"s involving e.".% and internal resistance

+lari%# t!at e.".% is not a %orce but energ# &er unit c!arge

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W1;

## 0./ Anal#sing Electrical energ# and &o er

A student is able to: 5e%ine electrical energ#. 5e%ine electric &o er. 5iscuss t!e relations!i& bet een : a, energ# 3E,) voltage 3V,) current 3I, and ti"e 3t, b, &o er 3C,) voltage 3V, and current 3I,. 5iscuss to solve &roble"s involving electrical energ# and &o er. +o"&are t!e &o er rating o% various !ouse!old a&&liances and calculate energ# used %or a %i'ed &eriod o% ti"e. +arr# out activities to co"&are !ouse!old electrical a&&liances t!at &er%or" t!e sa"e %unction suc! as a tungsten6%ila"ent lig!t bulb in ter"s o% e%%icient use o% energ#. Researc! and re&ort on a#s o% increasing energ# e%%icienc# in t!e !o"e or sc!ool. 5iscuss t!e i"&ortance o% "aintenance in ensuring e%%icienc# o% electrical a&&liances.

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Solve &roble"s involving electrical energ# and &o er. +o"&are &o er rating and energ# consu"&tion o% various electrical a&&liances. +o"&are various electrical a&&liances in ter"s o% e%%icient.

## LEARNING AREA: ELE+4R(DAGNE4ISD

Week
W1<

Learning Objective
?.1 Anal#sing t!e "agnetic e%%ect o% current6 carr#ing conductor

Learning Outcomes
A student is able to: State !at an electro"agnet is 5ra t!e "agnetic %ield &attern

Suggested Activities

Notes

Vocabulary

Recall !at an electro"agnet is. +arr# out activities to stud# t!e &attern and direction o% t!e "agnetic %ield due to

## due to a current in a : i. ii. iii. Straig!t +oil Solenoid ire

t!e current in a i. Straig!t ire ii. +oil iii. Solenoid Clan conduct e'&eri"ent to stud# %actors t!at e%%ect t!e strengt! to t!e "agnetic %ield o% an electro"agnet e'a"&le: a, 4!e nu"ber o% turns on t!e coil b, 4!e si\$e o% current carried b# t!e coil c, 4!e use o% a so%t iron core Researc! and re&ort on a&&lication o% electro"agnets suc! as in electric bells) circuit brea*ers) electro"agnetic rela#s and tele&!one ear6&ieces.

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Clan conduct e'&eri"ent to stud# %actors t!at e%%ect t!e strengt! to t!e "agnetic %ield o% an electro"agnet.

W1/

## ?.. Understanding t!e %orce on a current 2 carr#ing conductor in a "agnetic %ield

A student is able to: 5escribe !at !a&&ens to a current6carr#ing conductor in a "agnetic %ield .

+arr# out activities to s!o t!e %orce on a current 2 carr#ing conductor in a "agnetic %ield including t!e e%%ect o% reversing t!e direction o% t!e current and a "agnetic %ield. Vie co"&uter si"ulations to gain an understanding o% t!e resultant "agnetic %ield obtained b# co"bining t!e "agnetic %ields due to a current 2carr#ing conductor and a "agnet

## Ele"ing9s le%t6!and rule "a# be introduced.

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5ra a &attern o% t!e co"bined "agnetic %ield due to current 2 carr#ing conductor in a "agnetic %ield. 5escribe !o a current 2 carr#ing conductor in a "agnetic %ield e'&eriences a %orce. E'&lain t!e %actors t!at

## a%%ect t!e "agnitude o% t!e %orce on a current6carr#ing conductor in a "agnetic %ield

t!at a%%ect t!e %orce on a current6 carr#ing conductor in a "agnetic %ield and discuss !o t!e e%%ect t!e %orce on a current6 arr#ing conductor in a "agnetic %ield. +arr# out activities to observe t!e turning e%%ect o% a current carr#ing coil in a "agnetic %ield.

W1/

5escribe !o a current carr#ing coil in a "agnetic %ield e'&eriences a turning %orce 5escribe !o a direct current "otor or*s

5iscuss !o t!e turning e%%ect o% a current carr#ing 2coil in a "agnetic %ield is used in t!e action o% "otor +arr# out activities or vie co"&uter si"ulations to stud# %actors t!at a%%ect t!e s&eed o% rotation o% an electric "otor. +o"&arisons to an alternating current "otor "a# also be discussed.

W16

## A student is able to: 5escribe electro"agnetic induction

+arr# out activities to observe electro"agnetic induction in a : a, straig!t ire b, solenoid 5iscuss electro"agnetic induction as t!e &roduction o% an electro"otive %orce in a conductor !en t!ere is relative "otion o% t!e conductor across a "agnetic %ield. 5iscuss t!e direction o% t!e induced current in a : a, straig!t ire b, solenoid +arr# out activities to stud# %actors t!at a%%ect t!e "agnitude o% t!e induced current and discuss !o t!e# a%%ect t!e "agnitude o% t!e induced current

Earada#9s la and Len\$9s la "a# be introduced Ele"ing9s rig!t6!and rule "a# be introduced

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Indicate t!e direction o% t!e induced current in a : i. straig!t ire ii. solenoid e'&lain %actors t!at a%%ect t!e "agnitude o% t!e current.

## 5escribe a&&lications o% electro"agnetic induction

Researc! and re&ort on a&&lications o% electro"agnetic induction suc! as in direct current 3d.c, and alternating current 3a.c, generators. (bserve and discuss t!e out&ut generated b# a direct current and alternating current source on a dis&la# unit suc! as a cat!ode ra# oscillosco&e +arr# out activities to gain an understanding o% t!e structure and t!e o&erating &rinci&le o% a si"&le ste& u& and a ste& do n trans%or"er.

W16

## ?.< Anal#sing trans%or"er

+o"&are direct current and alternating current A student is able to: 5escribe t!e structure and t!e o&erating &rinci&le o% a si"&le trans%or"er +o"&are and contrast a ste& u& and ste& do n trans%or"er A student is s!oud be able to:

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State t!at

Vp Vs

Np Ns

+arr# out t!e activities to stud# t!e relations!i& bet een nu"ber o% turns o% t!e &ri"ar# coil 3

%or an

N p ,) nu"ber o%

V p I p =V s I s

## turns o% t!e secondar# coil 3 %or &ri"ar# voltage voltage

an ideal trans%or"er

(Vs ) .

(V ) and secondar#
p

Ns

,)

5iscuss t!e relations!i& bet een out&ut and in&ut &o er in an ideal trans%or"er)

V p I p =V s I s

A student s!ould be able to: 5escribe t!e energ# losses in a trans%or"er 5escribe a#s to i"&rove t!e e%%cienc# o% a trans%or"er Solve t!e &roble"s involving trans%or"er

5iscuss energ# losses in a trans%or"er and a#s to i"&rove t!e e%%icienc#no% a trans%or"er. 5iscuss to solve &roble"s involving trans%or"er.

W10

?./

A student is able to :

## Understanding t!e generation and trans"ission o% electricit#

List sources o% energ# used to generate electricit#. 5escribe t!e various a#s o% generating electricit#. 5escribe t!e trans"ission o% electricit#. 5escribe t!e energ# loss in electricit# trans"ission cables and deduce t!e advantage o% !ig! voltage trans"ission. State t!e i"&ortance o% t!e National Grid Net or*. Solve &roble"s involving electricit# trans"ission. E'&lain t!e i"&ortance o% rene able energ#. E'&lain t!e e%%ects on t!e environ"ent caused b# t!e use o% various sources to generate electricit#.

energ# used to generate electricit# suc! as !#dro) gas) nuclear) diesel) coal) bio"ass) sun and ind. Vie co"&uter si"ulations to gain an understanding on t!e use o% various sources to generate electricit#. Stud# a "odel o% electricit# trans"ission. 5iscuss t!e energ# loss in cables and t!e advantage o% !ig! voltage trans"ission. Vie co"&uter si"ulations to gain an understanding o% t!e National Grid Net or*. Researc! and re&ort on : a, t!e i"&ortance o% t!e National Grid Net or* in ter"s o% e%%icient energ# distribution) b, t!e i"&ortance o% energ# e%%icienc# and rene able energ# sources in vie o% li"ited energ# sources) c, t!e e%%ects on t!e environ"ent caused b# t!e use o% various sources to generate electricit#.

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## LEARNING AREA: ELE+4R(NI+S

No of Weeks
W1?

Learning Objective
B.1 Understanding t!e uses o% t!e +at!ode Ra# (scillosco&e 3+.R.(,

Learning Outcomes
A student is able to: e'&lain t!er"ionic e"ission. describe t!e &ro&erties o% cat!ode ra#s. describe t!e or*ing &rinci&le o% t!e cat!ode ra# oscillosco&e. "easure &otential di%%erence using t!e +.R.(. "easure s!ort ti"e intervals using t!e +.R.(. dis&la# ave %or"s using t!e +.R.(. solve &roble"s based on t!e +.R.(. dis&la#.

Suggested Activities

Notes

Vocabulary

Vie co"&uter si"ulations to gain an understanding o% t!er"ionic e"ission. +arr# out activities to stud# t!e &ro&erties o% cat!ode ra#s using a&&aratus suc! as t!e Daltese +ross tube. 5iscuss t!e cat!ode ra# oscillosco&e %ro" t!e %ollo ing as&ects: a, electron gun) b, de%lection s#ste" c, %luorescent screen d, energ# c!anges +arr# out activities using a +.R.(. to : a, "easure &otential di%%erent) b, "easure s!ort ti"e intervals) c, dis&la# ave %or". 5iscuss to solve &roble"s based on t!e +.R.(. dis&la#.

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W !" #\$

No of Weeks
W.1

Learning Objective
B.. Understanding se"iconductor diodes

Learning Outcomes
A student is able to: describe se"iconductors in ter"s o% resistance and %ree electrons. describe n6t#&e and &6t#&e se"iconductors. describe se"i*conductor

Suggested Activities

Notes

Vocabulary

Vie co"&uter si"ulations to gain an understanding o% &ro&erties o% se"iconductors in ter"s o% its resistence and %ree electrons. Vie co"&uter si"ulations to gain an understanding o% : a, n6t#&e and &6t#&e se"iconductors) b, se"iconductor diodes) +arr# out activities to observe current %lo t!roug! a se"iconductor diode 3 &6n Function, in %or ard bias or reverse bias. 8uild a !al%6 ave recti%ier circuit and %ull6 ave recti%ier circuit. (bserve !al%6 ave recti%ication and %ull6 ave recti%ication using an instru"ent suc! as a +.R.(. (bserve and discuss t!e e%%ect o% &utting a ca&asitor in a : a, !al%6 ave recti%ier circuit b, %ull6 ave recti%ier circuit.

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diodes.

diodes.

## describe t!e %unction o%

describe t!e use o% diodes as recti%iers. describe t!e use o% ca&acitor to s"oot! out out&ut current and out&ut voltage in a recti%ier circuit.

No of Weeks
W..

Learning Objective
B.; Understanding transistors

Learning Outcomes
A student is able to: describe a transistor in ter"s o% its ter"inals. describe !o a transistor can be used as a current a"&li%ier. describe !o a transistor can be used as an auto"atic s itc!.

Suggested Activities

Notes

Vocabulary

Wit! t!e aid o% diagra"s) discuss a transistor in ter"s o% its ter"inals i.e. base) collector and e"itter. +arr# out activities to s!o a transistor as a current a"&li%ier. Set u& a transistor6based electronic6based electronic circuit t!at %unctions as a lig!t) !eat or sound controlled s itc!.

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No of Weeks
W.;

Learning Objective
B.< Anal#sing logic gates

Learning Outcomes
A Student is able to : state t!at logic gates are s itc!ing circuits in co"&uters and ot!er electronic s#ste"s. list and dra s#"bols %or t!e %ollo ing logic gates : i, AN5) ii, (R) iii, N(4) iv, NAN5) v, N(R State t!e action o% t!e %ollo ing logic gates in a trut! table : i, AN5) ii, (R) iii, N(4) iv, NAN5) v, N(R. 8uild trut! tables %or logic gates in co"bination %or a "a'i"u" o% . in&uts. 5escribe a&&lications o% logic gate control s#ste"s.

Suggested Activities

Notes

Vocabulary

5iscuss logic gates as s itc!ing circuits in co"&uters and ot!er electronic s#ste"s.

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Researc! and re&ort on s#"bols %or t!e %ollo ing logic gates : a, AN5) b, (R) c, N(4) d, NAN5) e, N(R. +arr# out activities to stud# t!e action o% t!e %ollo ing logic gates : a, AN5) b, (R) c, N(4) d, NAN5) e, N(R. 8uild trut! tables %or logic gates and t!eir co"binations. Researc! and re&ort on logic gate control s#ste"s suc! as in securit# s#ste"s) sa%et# s#ste"s and street lig!ts.

## LEARNING AREA: RA5I(A+4IVI4=

Week
W.<

Learning Objective
1-.1 Understanding t!e nucleus o% an ato"

Learning Outcomes

Suggested Activities

Notes

Vocabulary

A student is able to: describe t!e co"&osition o% t!e nucleus o% an ato" in ter"s o% &rotons and neutrons de%ine &roton nu"ber 3G, and nucleon nu"ber 3A, e'&lain t!e ter" nuclide use t!e nuclide notation Z de%ine t!e ter" isoto&e
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Vie co"&uter si"ulations or "odels to gain an understanding o% : a, t!e co"&osition o% t!e nucleus) b, isoto&es. Researc! and re&ort on t!e ter"s nuclide and isoto&e.

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A student is able to: state !at radioactivit# is na"e co""on detectors %or radioactive e"issions.

Vie co"&uter si"ulations or "odels to gain an understanding radioactivit#. 5iscuss: a, t!at radioactivit# is s&ontaneous disintegration o% an unstable nucleus acco"&anied b# t!e e"ission o% energetic &articles or &!otons b, t!e detection o% radioactive e"ission using detectors suc! as cloud c!a"bers and Geiger6Duller tubes 5iscuss t!e c!aracteristics o% radioactive e"ission i.e al&!a &articles) beta &articles and ga""a ra#s in ter" o% t!eir: a, relative ioni\$ing e%%ects b, relative &enetrating &o ers c, de%lection b# electric and "agnetic %ields

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## 5iscuss radioactive deca# it! t!e aid o%

c!anges in t!e co"&osition o% t!e nucleus !en &articles are e"itted. e'&lain !al%6li%e deter"ine !al%6li%e %ro" a deca# curve solve &roble"s involving !al%6li%e

## e1uations. +arr# out activities to gain an understanding o% !al%6li%e.

5iscuss a t#&ical deca# curve. 5iscuss to solve &roble"s involving !al%6 li%e 5iscuss radioisoto&es. Researc! and re&ort on a&&lications o% radioisoto&es in t!e %ields o%: a, "edicine) b, agriculture) c, arc!aeolog#) d, industr#. Vie co"&uter si"ulations on a&&lications o% radioisoto&es. Visit t!e Dala#sian Institute %or Nuclear 4ec!nolog# Researc! 3DIN4, or ot!er suitable &laces to see various a&&lications o% radioisoto&es.

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## 1-.< Understanding nuclear energ#

A student is able to : de%ine ato"ic "ass unit 3a.".u,. describe nuclear %ission.

Vie co"&uter si"ulations to gain an understanding o%: a, nuclear %ission) b, c!ain reactions) c, nuclear %usion

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give e'a"&les o% nuclear %ission. describe c!ain reactions. describe nuclear %usion.

5iscuss: a, ato"ic "ass unit 3a.".u,) b, nuclear %ission) c, c!ain reactions) d, nuclear %usion.

## give e'a"&les o% nuclear %usion.

Relate t!e release o% energ# in a nuclear reaction it! a c!ange o% "ass according to t!e e1uation

5iscuss t!e relations!i& bet een "ass de%ect and t!e nuclear energ# &roduced in nuclear %ission and nuclear %usion) i.e

E = mc 2 .
5escribe t!e generation o% electricit# %ro" nuclear %ission. Husti%# t!e use o% nuclear %ission in t!e generation o% electricit#. Solve &roble"s involving nuclear energ#.

E = mc 2 .
Researc! and re&ort on t!e generation o% electricit# %ro" nuclear energ#. 5iscuss t!e &ros and cons o% using nuclear %ission to generate electricit#. 5iscuss to solve &roble"s involving nuclear energ#.

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## 1-./ Realising t!e i"&ortance o% &ro&er "anage"ent o% radioactive substances

A student is able to: describe t!e negative e%%ects o% radioactive substances. describe sa%et# &recautions needed in t!e !andling o% radioactive substances. describe t!e "anage"ent o% radioactive aste

Researc! and re&orts on: a, t!e negative e%%ects o% radioactive substances b, sa%et# &recautions t!at s!ould be ta*en !en !andling radioactive substances c, "anage"ent o% radioactive aste

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