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# APPENDIX : PRESETTING A TORSION BAR We shall first derive some general results for a homogeneous solid torsion bar

of radius ro and length L, made from an elastic-perfectly plastic material whose shear yield and modulus are y (ie Sys above) and G respectively. When torque T is applied to the ends of the bar, one end rotates through an angle with respect to the other. Cross-sections remain plane and any radial line in a cross-section remains straight, no matter whether behaviour is elastic or plastic. From the sketch, compatibility requires the shear strain at radius r to satisfy : L = r or (i) (ii) = = = '.r G y where = G'.r ' /L is constant for all radii in the cross-section. from (i) if elastic, or if plastic; ie From the constitutive law, the corresponding stress is : = minimum ( G'.r, y ) The torque T is the resultant of shear stress over the cross-section, ie from the sketch : = 2 0 r2 dr where = f (r). A piece-wise linear variation is defined by a known stress i at some interior radius ri , together with a stress o at the outer surface, radius ro. From the foregoing, the torque which corresponds to this stress pattern is : T = ( 2r.dr ) .r T (iii) Tro /J = =
2 2 2 0 ( i r/ ri ) r dr + 2 r i { i + ( o i ).( r ri )/( ro ri ) } r dr ie o + ( i o ) ( 1 3 ) /3 ( 1 ) in which ri /r and J = / ro4 2 o

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