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Slaganje subjekta i predikata

- agreement between subject and verb Ako je subjekat u reenici u jednini, predikat e imati formu singulara. Ako je subjekat imenica u mnoini, predikat e biti u mnoini: She lives in China. !he" live in China.

# $e%utim, uskla%ivanje predikata u odnosu na subjekat u jednini moe da se odredi i na osnovu konteksta subjekta. &rupi ovih imenica u ulo'i subjekta pripadaju: army, association, audience, generation, committee, community, company, family, electorate, department, public, university, group, team, school, team, press, orchestra, opposition, jury etc. (pr. !he &overnment elect the president. ) u ovom sluaju, re government se tretira kao imenica u mnoini 'bog glagola koji kontekstualno navodi na delovanje vie jedinki unutar jedne celine*. Ali: !he &overment +as established in ,-./. )imenica government se tumai kao jedan korpus, odnosno u jednini, tako da predikat ima formu jednine* 0ada je u pitanju sloeni subjekat, predikat se uskla%uje prema imenici: $an" leading members of the opposition part" have criticised the agreement. !he onl" e1cuse that he gave for his action +as that he +as tired. )sloeni subjekat 2 sloeni predikat* 3 sluajevima kada je subjekat sintagma )grupa rei sa usagla4enim, jedinstvenim kontekstom*, predikat se uskla%uje prema kontekstu cele sintagme: !o keep the "oung people in prison is inhuman.

Ako subjekat 'apoinje upitnom 'amenicom, predikat e se uskla%ivati prema imenici koja sledi i'a predikata: 5hat is needed are additional resources 0ada se imenice koje se zavravaju na s tretiraju kao jedan korpus, predikat e biti u jednini: At this time of the "ear the Netherlands is one hour ahead of the 30. Sa any, each, either of, neither of, none of i imenice u mno ini , predikat moe da ima o'naku jednine ili mnoine, ali knjievni engleski je'ik preferira upotrebu predikata u jednini: 6 don7t think an" of them kno+s +here the mone" is hidden. Sa a majority of, a lot of, a plenty of, all of, a number of, some of i imenicom u mno ini, predikat e biti u mnoini, dok e sa the number of i imenicom u mnoini, predikat stajati u jednini )kontekst the number uslovljava upotrebu predikata u jednini*: A number of refugees have been turned back at the border. !he number of books in the librar" has risen to over the five million. (akon one of i imenice u mno ini, predikat je u jednini. 8ne of the reasons 6 tooktthe job +as that 6 could +ork from home. Sa any of, none of, the majority of, a lot of, a plenty of, all !of", some !of", i nebrojivom imenicom koja tretira kao celina, predikat e biti u jednini: All the furniture +as destro"ed in the fire. Sa every, each, i imenicom u jednini, ili udru enim subjektom , predikat e biti u jednini: 9ach child has dra+n a picture.

9ver" bo" and girl takes part in the activit". !udru eni subjekat" Sa everybody, everything, everyone i re#ima koje po#inju sa any-, some-, no-, predikat e biti u jednini. :racticall" ever"one thinks that ;ohn should be given the job. :racticall" ever"bod" think that ;ohn should be the +inner.
#Ali, kontekst imenice everybody ponekad nalae upotrebu predikata u mnoini.

0ada se subjekat sastoji od dva ili vi4e segmenata koji su pove'ani sa either...or..., neither...nor...., predikat e biti u jednini, ako je poslednji segment subjekta u jednini, a ukoliko je poslednji segment u mnoini, predikat e biti u mnoini: 9ither the situation or the cinema is a good place to meet. !he :resident or his representatives are to attend the meeting. Sa uvodnom fra'om there is$are i imenicom u jednini ili nebrojivom imenicom, predikat %e biti u jednini, a sa imenicom u mno ini, predikat %e stajati u mno ini. 8ver the past "ears there have been improvements in car safet". (eke imenice su obino u mnoini, i prema tome, podra'umevaju upotrebu predikata u mnoini: !he compan"7s earnings have increased for the last five "ears. (eke imenice koje se 'avr4avaju nastavkom s, a imaju kontekst jednine, bie praene predikatom u jednini: !he ne+s from the $iddle 9ast seems ver" encouriging.

#:ojedine imenice koje uobiajeno stoje u mnoini, a predstavljaju na'ive pojedinih oblasti poput politics, statistics, mathematics, phonetics, linguistics etc., praene su predikatom u jednini: Statistics is ver" popular at our universit". # Ali, kontekst ponekad nalae da ovakve imenice budu praene predikatom u mnoini: Statistics are able to prove an"thing that "ou mentioned before. 6ako imenice data, media prati predikat u jednini )jednina datum, medium", u slubenoj akademskoj komunikaciji, preferira se upotreba predikata u mnoini: All the data is available for public inspection. All the data are available for public inspection. #Ali, u' imenice criteria, phenomena )jednina& phenomenon*, predikat e uvek biti u mnoini: 6 agree that the criteria are not of e<ual importance. Sa fra'ama koje defini4u ra'mere, koliinu, predikat e biti u jednini: 8nl" three metres separates the runners in the first and second places. 3' procentualne vrednosti, predikat e biti u jednini ukoliko se procentualna procena odnosi na imenicu u jednini ili nebrojivu imenicu, ili u mnoini ukoliko se procentualna procena odnosi na imenicu u mnoini: An inflation rate of onl" = per cent makes a big difference to customers +hen bu" a product. 6 +ould sa" that about /> per cent of the houses need repairs. criterium,

# Ali, ukoliko se imenica u reenici kontekstualno posmatra kao celina ili segmentirano, predikat moe da stoji u jednini ili mnoini: Some -> per cent of the electorate is are e1pected to vote. 6 3nderline the correct verb form: ,. !he furniture in "our house is are ne+. =. All the anal"ses +as +ere done in a short time. .. !he ne+s is are ver" pleasant. 66 :ut the +ords from brackets into the conte1t of phrases and translate. ,. !he ??????????? council +as ver" important institution in our countr". )+orkers* =. 6 do not no+ her ????????? friends. )brother@in@la+* .. !he" gave me all ??????????? )datum* about "our sister. A. 5e completed ten ??????????? )diagnosis*. 666 Bill in +ith appropriate au1iliar" verb. ,. !he furniture ??????? upstairs. =. Cis sheep ????????? all around. .. !he people of our countr" ????????? ver" unsatisfied. 6D :ut the follo+ing nouns in plural. brother@in@la+, Brenchman, step@brother. D Bill in the appropriate noun and verb pa"ing special attention on using singular or plural. research, his earl" paintings, the food, m" children, Er ;ones7 ac<uaintance, other museums, victims, medicines come, kno+, remain, remember, to be, charge, rise, last

,. 67ll be surprised if an" of ???????????? ????????? to m" birthda". =. 6 don7t think an" of ????????????? ??????? particularl" good. 6n fact, the restaurant is rather disappointing. .. Fou ma" still go into the (ational $useum for free, although a number of ??????? in the capital ?????????? people for entr". A. $ainl" because of the recent scares involving beef and chicken disease, the number of ??????????? dramaticall" in the ne1t five "ears. /. !he +hole concert includes => short items from "oung musicians. 9ach of them ????????????? about / minutes. D66 $ake the necessar" corrections to the underlined verbs if necessar". ,. Er ;ones7s earnings have been kept guarded b" his famil". =. Gill Clinton7s politics +as inspired b" ;ohn 0enned". .. Some per cent of the milk bottles in the countr" +as imported. A. Burther information about the house is available from the o+ner. /. !en kilometres are a long +a" to run if "ou7re not fit. H. About I> per cent of the concert audience +ere over H> "ears old. J. :eople sa"s the house is terrible. -. Fou don7t need much sugar for this puddingK ten grams are enough. I. 5hen the soldiers got lost into the jungle, their onl" means of survival +ere to eat bananas and grapes.