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Stationary Battery Information


Date Codes Unmasked 2012 Edition
Page 1
MWM 2005, 2007-12
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DATE CODES UNMASKED
Developed by
Marco W. Migliaro, PE, Fellow IEEE
Copyright 2005, 2007-12 by Marco W. Migliaro.
All rights reserved.
Graphics by
CA Rhodes
visit: www.stationarybatterytraining.com for updates
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FOREWORD
This presentation has been developed as a aid to those wishing to
determine the date of manufacture or warranty date for a cell or
battery. Manufacturers sometimes code dates using letters
and/or numbers that are not easily understood by those
responsible for the battery system. This presentation attempts to
provide those persons with a guide when needed to determine the
date code. Date codes are sometimes changed by the battery
manufacturer and there is no guaranty that the information
needed is contained in the presentation; however, it may help in
ultimately identifying a date code, either with help from the battery
manufacturer or using the information presented to interpret what
one observes. The information contained in this presentation
does not include every battery type or manufacturer.
ESA Consulting Engineers, PA
Stationary Battery Information
Date Codes Unmasked 2012 Edition
Page 2
MWM 2005, 2007-12
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TERMI NAL OBJ ECTI VE
Upon completion of this training, the participant will obtain:
An overview of the typical methods used by battery
manufacturers to identify the date of manufacture,
warranty or both for stationary batteries
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DATE CODES
Are used by battery manufacturers to establish a date of
manufacture for their products
Some manufacturers have two date codes one representing
the warranty date and the other the manufacturing date
Letters are sometimes used to represent the month or year in a
date code
Manufacturers may omit the letters I and O from the
dates codes to avoid confusion with the numbers 1 and 0
Typically, a date code system should not allow the same
characters to repeat for at least 10 years, based on industry
standards related to date coding
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Stationary Battery Information
Date Codes Unmasked 2012 Edition
Page 3
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DATE CODES (Cont i nued)
Date codes may be located on the cell (or monobloc) cover or
cell (or monobloc) post. For smaller VRLA batteries the date
code may be heat stamped or may be applied by a dot
matrix printer on the side of the cell (or monobloc) cover
If a date code cannot be found, or if found, cannot be
interpreted, one may always contact the battery manufacturer
for guidance. Battery manufacturers may change their date
coding system or may sometimes even reverse the date code,
so if in doubt check with the battery manufacturer.
Battery manufacturers will request the battery date code if a
warranty claim is filed
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DATE CODES (Cont i nued)
In the presentation, the letters M, D, W and Y, are used to
represent month, day, week and year, respectively
For example MMYYYY, would represent a date code with a
two character month and a four character year and WWYY
would represent a two character week and a two character
year
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Stationary Battery Information
Date Codes Unmasked 2012 Edition
Page 4
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WHY I S KNOWI NG THE DATE CODE
I MPORTANT?
It is important to know how old the battery is when inspected,
since some of the conditions that may be noted can be age
related and this information will be useful when evaluating the
information gathered during the visual inspection
For example, a large quantity of sediment in a 15 year old
vented lead-acid battery may not be a concern, but the
same amount of sediment in a 2 year old vented lead-acid
battery would be of concern
It is also important to know the date code to determine if a
warranty claim can be made
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DATE CODE 1 C& D VENTED CELLS
The date code is located
on the cell nameplate
The code is MM/YY
(J une 2000 for this cell)
The letter that follows
represents the plant the
cell was manufactured at
(A=Attica, IN)
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Date Codes Unmasked 2012 Edition
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DATE CODE 2 C& D VENTED CELLS
The date code is located
on the cell nameplate
The code is MM/YY
(March 2005 for this cell)
The letter that follows
represents the plant the
cell was manufactured at
(A=Attica, IN)
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DATE CODE 1 C& D LI BERTY 1000s
The date code is on the
nameplate
The code is MM-YY
(J anuary 2002 for this
battery)
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DATE CODE 2 C& D LI BERTY 1000s
The date code is on
the nameplate
following the word
ship
The code is MM-YY
(October 1999 for this
battery)
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DATE CODE C& D LI BERTY 2000s
The date code is on the
nameplate
The code is MM/YY
(J une 2001 for this cell)
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DATE CODE C& D LI BERTY AT
The date code is on the
nameplate
The code is MM/YYYY
(J une 2005 for this cell)
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DATE CODE 1 C& D DYNASTY
There are two date codes on
these batteries
The warranty date code is on
the cover (MMYY)
The date of manufacture is
heat stamped into the side of
the cover (YYMDD)
A to M, excluding I, are
used for the months
J anuary to December
The warranty date code is
normally at least one month
after the date of manufacture
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DATE CODE 2 C& D DYNASTY
There are two date codes on
these batteries
The warranty date code is on
the cover (MMYY)
The date of manufacture is
located on the side of the
cover (YYMDD)
A to M, excluding I, are
used for the months
J anuary to December
The warranty date code is
normally at least one month
after the date of manufacture
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DATE CODE 3 C& D DYNASTY
There are two date codes on
these batteries
The warranty date code is on a
label the cover MMYY
September 2004 for this battery
The date of manufacture (not
shown) is located on the side of
the cover (YYMDD)
A to M, excluding I, are used
for the months J anuary to
December
The warranty date code is
normally at least one month
after the date of manufacture
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Date Codes Unmasked 2012 Edition
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DATE CODE 4 C& D DYNASTY TELECOM
The warranty date code is
under the bar code on a label
located on the cover
The date code is MMYY
(October 2007 for this battery)
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DATE CODE 1 ENERSYS VENTED CELLS
The date code is the last three
(or four) characters of a four
(or five) character number
heat stamped into the cell (or
monobloc) cover
The first character is the plant
the cell was manufactured at
(5=Sumter, SC)
The next three (or four) are the
MMYY (September 1987 for
this monobloc)
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DATE CODE 2 ENERSYS VENTED CELLS
The date code is in the first
four characters of the cells
serial number*
The first two are the plant
the cell was manufactured
at (O5=Sumter, SC)
The next two are the YM
(W=1998, C=March)
EnerSys uses A to L,
including I for the months
The year starts back at A
once Z is used (i.e., 2001)
*In some instances the date code may be a
three or four character code located above a
bar coded serial number for the cell, with the
last two characters being the date code
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DATE CODE 3 ENERSYS VENTED CELLS
The date code is the first
six characters of the cells
serial number*
The first two are the year,
the second two are the
month and the last two are
the day of the month (J uly
16, 2001 for this
monobloc)
The next two are the shift
and factory where the cell
was manufactured
*In some instances the date code may be a
three or four character code located above
the bar coded serial number for the cell, with
the last two characters being the date code
YM, following the code on the previous slide
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DATE CODE 4
ENERSYS VENTED CELLS
The date code is now on a
separate sticker and is
straightforward MM/YYYY
The first two are the month
(February and November
in these examples)
The next four are the year
(2004 in these examples)
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DATE CODE 5 ENERSYS - EU VENTED
CELLS
The date code is located on
the blue ring on the negative
post
The ring has a large two-digit
underlined number on it
representing the year and the
numbers 1 to 12 around the
ring represent the months of
the year
There is a . molded in the
cover opposite the negative
polarity mark and the month of
manufacture is placed next it.
In this instance the date code
is November 2011
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DATE CODE 1 ENERSYS VRLA CELLS
The date code is in the first
four characters of the cells
serial number located on
the steel module frame
The first two are the plant
the cell was manufactured
at (O5=Sumter, SC)
The next two are the YM
(W=1998, J =October)
EnerSys uses A to L,
including I for the months
The year starts back at A
once Z is used (i.e., 2001)
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DATE CODE 2
ENERSYS VRLA CELLS
The date code is now on a
separate sticker and is
straightforward MM/YYYY
The number before the /
or is the month (J une
and March in these
examples)
The four after the / or
are the year (2006 and
2007 in these examples)
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DATE CODE ENERSYS POWER SAFE V
VRLA BATTERY
The date code is on a
separate sticker on top of
the jar near the cell
positive terminal and is
straightforward MMYYYY
(December 2009 for this
battery)
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DATE CODE ENERSYS TYPE HX VRLA
BATTERY TOP CONNECTED
The date code is on a
separate sticker near the
cell positive terminal and is
straightforward MMYYYY
(September 2006 for this
battery)
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DATE CODE ENERSYS TYPE HX VRLA
BATTERY FRONT CONNECTED
The date code is on a
separate sticker near the
cell positive terminal on the
top of the battery and is
straightforward MMYYYY
(November 2009 for this
battery)
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DATE CODE GNB VENTED CELLS
The date code is stamped on a positive post
The code is YYMM (May 2002 and J anuary 2005 for these cells)
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DATE CODE 1 GNB ABSOLYTE
The date code is stamped on the
steel module and consists of a
three letter code
The second and third letters
are MY (November 2000 and
J une 2006 for these modules)
A to M, excluding I, are used
for the months J anuary to
December; however, I is used
for the year
The first letter is the plant the
module and cells in it were
manufactured at
The year started back at A
once Z was used (i.e., 1997)
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DATE CODE 2 GNB ABSOLYTE
The date code is on a label
placed on the steel module and
consists of a three letter code
The second and third letters
are MY (March 2008 for this
modules).
A to M, excluding I, are used
for the months J anuary to
December; however, I is used
for the year
The first letter is the plant the
module and cells in it were
manufactured at
The year started back at A
once Z was used (i.e., 1997)
The date code is a stamp
or label on the side of the
steel module
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DATE CODE GNB SPRI NTER
The date code is on a label on
the side of the plastic
container
The code is shown two ways
The first is a letter and
number representing MY
(December 2001 for this
example), where A to M,
excluding I, are used for the
months J anuary to
December
The second is the month,
followed by numbers
representing MM-Y
With a single digit for the year one
may need to verify the installation
date to determine the year (e.g., 1
could be 1991 or 2001)
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DATE CODE GNB MARATHON
The date code on this front connected battery is on a label on the rear
of the plastic container
The code is shown two ways
The first is a letter and number representing MY (December 2001 for
this example), where A to M, excluding I, are used for the months
J anuary to December
The second is the month, followed by numbers representing YY
With a single digit for the year one may need to verify the installation
date to determine the year (e.g., 9 could be 1999 or 2009)
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DATE CODE BAE
The date code is on a label located on the cell cover.
The MMYY for the date code are punched on the label
For this battery the date code is December 2003
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DATE CODE DOUGLAS VENTED CELLS
The date code is located
on the cell nameplate
The code is MMYY (April
2004 and J uly 2005 for
the cells shown)
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DATE CODE EAST PENN UNI GY I
The date code is on the
nameplate on the battery
container
The code is YYMM
(February 2003 for this cell)
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DATE CODE EAST PENN UNI GY I I
The date code is on the
nameplate on the steel
module
The code is YYMM (J une
2003 for this module)
There is also a date code
on the side of the steel
module
The code is WW YY (week
22 of 2003 for this module)
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DATE CODE EAST PENN TELECOM
The date code is on the
nameplate on the battery
container
The code is MMYY
(September 2004 for this
cell)
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DATE CODE EAST PENN FRONT
CONNECTED
The date code is on a label
beneath the nameplate on
the battery container
The code is MMYYYY (May
2009 for this battery)
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DATE CODE FI AMM/ALCAD/SAFT
VENTED CELLS
The date code is stamped on the
cell cover and consists of a letter
followed by three numbers
The first letter represents the
year (H is 2001)
The letters used are based on the
Italian alphabet, A to Z, so the
letters J ,K, W, X and Y are not
used
The three numbers represent the
day of the year (i.e., 1 to 365, or
1 to 366 for leap years) that the
cell was manufactured on
The last letter is the cell type
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DATE CODE 1 FI AMM/ALCAD/SAFT
MONOLI TE VRLA BATTERY
The date code is stamped on the cover of the battery
container
The date code is YYMMDD (March 4, 2002 for this battery)
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DATE CODE 2 FI AMM/ALCAD/SAFT
MONOLI TE VRLA BATTERY
The date code is stamped on the cover of the battery
container
The date code is WW YY (week 19 of 1992 for this battery)
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DATE CODE HAWKER*
The date code is on a label
above the nameplate on the
battery container
The code is MM/YY
(August 2002 for this
battery)
*Hawker was acquired by
EnerSys
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DATE CODE HOPPECKE
The date code is on a label
on the cell cover, separate
from the cell nameplate
The code is MM/YY (May
2010 for this cell)
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I NTERSTATE BATTERI ES CONCERTO
(FRONT CONNECTED)
The date code is on a label
or sticker on the jar cover
MMYY (February 2007
below) or MMDDYY
(August 1, 2007 left side)
for the batteries shown
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I NTERSTATE BATTERI ES CONCERTO
The date code is on a label on
the jar cover MMYY (February
2007 for the battery shown)
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I NTERSTATE BATTERI ES HI GH RATE
The date code is on a label on the jar cover MMYY (October 2003 for
the battery shown) and there are punch-outs on the nameplate that
can be used to indicate the installation date
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DATE CODE HBL VRLA CELLS
The date code is on a
sticker affixed to the
side of the steel
module and is
DD.MM.YY (October
2, 2006 for this
battery)
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DATE CODE NI FE/LORI CA
The date code is punched on the specific YY MM
printed on the cell cover
For this cell the date code is October 2003
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DATE CODE 1 NORTHSTAR
The date code is on a label on
the side of the plastic
container
The code is straightforward
and is MMYYYY (August 2005
for this battery)
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DATE CODE 2 NORTHSTAR
The date code is on a label on
the side of the plastic
container
The code is straightforward
and is DDMYY (11 August
2005 for this battery)
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The date code is on a label
located on the cell cover.
The DDMMYYYY for the
date code are indicated
(i.e., blacked out) on the
label
For this cell the date code
is December 15, 2003
DATE CODE 1 TAB BATTERY
(MTI TECHNOLOGI ES)
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The date code is heat
stamped as YYMDD or
YYMMDD on the cell
cover.
For this cell the date code
is J une 18, 2001
DATE CODE 2 TAB BATTERY
(MTI TECHNOLOGI ES)
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DATE CODE TYCO
The date code is on the
nameplate on the steel
module
The code is YYMM (J une
2002 for this module)
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DATE CODE YUASA NP
The date code is the first
five characters heat
stamped on the cover on
the side of the container
The code is YMMDD
(October 2001 for this
cell) for monoblocs
manufactured in North
America
The code is different if
the monobloc was
manufactured in Asia
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DATE CODE CHI NA STORAGE BATTERY
The date code is the
first six characters on
a label on the side of
the container
The code is YYMMDD
(March 27 and April 7,
2001 for the labels
shown)
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DATE CODE PANASONI C VRLA
The date code is printed on
top of the container and is
YYMMDD (February 13,
1993 for this battery)
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DATE CODE 1 POWER BATTERY
The date code is stamped on
the negative post
The code is MM/Y
(November 1997 for this cell)
With a single digit for the
year one may need to verify
the installation date to
determine the year (e.g., 7
could be 1997 or 2007)
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DATE CODE 2 POWER BATTERY
The date code is stamped on
the negative post
The code is MM/Y (October
2007 for this cell)
With a single digit for the
year one may need to verify
the installation date to
determine the year (e.g., 7
could be 1997 or 2007)
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DATE CODE POWERWARE VRLA
The date code is the
first six characters on
a label on the top of
the container
The code is YYMMDD
(February 14, 2006
for the labels shown)
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MWM 2005, 2007-12
DATE CODE WERKER
The date code is on a label on
the end of the plastic container
The date code consists of a
letter and number representing
MY (April 1999 and March
2000 for this example)
With a single digit for the
year one may need to
verify the installation date
to determine the year
(e.g., 0 could be 1990 or
2000)
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DATE CODE CHLORI DE VENTED CELLS
The date code is located on
the red polarity ring at the
base of the positive post
The red ring has a two-digit
number on it representing
the year, followed by the
numbers 1 to 12 for the
months of the year
There is a - molded in the
cover and the month of
manufacture is located at
the -. In this instance the
date code is J une 1984
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DATE CODE 1 ALCAD Ni Cd
The date code is on
the cell container
The code is MM/YY
(J uly 2003 for this cell)
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DATE CODE 2 ALCAD Ni Cd
The date code is on
the cell container
The code is YYMM
(May 2005 for this cell)
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DATE CODE 1 SAFT Ni Cd
The date code is on the
cell container
The code is MM/YY
(March 2002 for this cell)
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DATE CODE 2 SAFT Ni Cd
The date code is on a
label located on the side
of the cell container
The code is YYMM
(December 1994 and
November 2008 for
these cells)
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DATE CODE 1 NI FE Ni Cd
The date code is on the cell container
The code is YQ, where a random letter was used for the
year and the letters N, I, F, E were used to represent the
1
st
, 2
nd
, 3
rd
and 4
th
quarters, respectively. The letter Y
was used for 1998, so this cell was manufactured during
the 3
rd
quarter of 1988. Since the letter representing the
year is random, the manufacturer would have to be
consulted in any case