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DESIGN OFFICE MANUAL
3 DRAUGHTING PROCEDURES
4 DRAWING NUMBERING SYSTEM
5 PREPARATION OF DRAWINGS
6 CHECKING OF DRAWINGS
7 APPROVAL, ISSUE, MODIFICATION AND ARCHIVING OF DRAWINGS
APPENDIX A : RELATED DOCUMENTS
APPENDIX B : RECORD OF AMENDMENTS
5 November 2007
Page 1 of 23
GENERIC PROJECT DOCUMENT
DESIGN OFFICE MANUAL
The following standards and practices are intended as a minimum and should be adhered
to in the preparation of all drawings.
They are intended to ensure the preparation of drawings which can be read with ease and
clarity, and to provide maximum flexibility in the choice of reproduction media.
All drawing sizes, title blocks and numbering convention must be strictly adhered to.
All writing on drawings shall only be in the English language.
Drawings shall be produced in accordance with National Standard SABS 0111
“Engineering Drawings” Parts 1, 2 and 3.
All drawings shall be prepared on CADD, in accordance the ATD CADD Manual and the
ATD EDMS Manual.
A drawing must convey all the information for which it is required. It shall be borne in
mind when preparing drawings of any description that time should not be wasted on
superfluous information. For general guidance the following principles should be applied:
Avoid ‘Artistry’. Eliminate unnecessary elaboration that adds nothing to the
information required by the user of the drawing.
Do not use repetitive details or dimensions.
Eliminate excessive views.
If it is easier to describe, do not draw it.
For hidden views use dotted lines only for clarification.
Eliminate unnecessary detail on layout drawings.
Where a single line will convey the necessary information, do not draw more.
Make sure all typical items are really typical.
All revisions shall be entered in the allocated area above the title block.
5 November 2007
Page 2 of 23
4 Where arrangement and detail drawings have to be read in conjunction with one another.2. the north indication must specify the angular offset.2. unless it is an existing plan.2. The national Grid system X co-ordinate datum is universal and is the line of latitude of the equator i. 0°. the datum in terms of the line of longitude must be stated on the Site Plan.2. Should the drawing be drafted on system lines offset from true or plant north. Where reference is made to the National Grid System Y co-ordinates. 3. 3.11 As all co-ordinates originate from the Site Plan. both sets of drawings shall be cross-referenced.2. 3. The elevation shall have the appropriate prefix/suffix. The datum elevation above mean sea level must be referred to only on relevant drawings.2.000 datum. All equipment item numbers must be fully noted on all general arrangement and detail drawings.2.10 All arrangement and detail plans must have true or plant north indicated by means of a standard symbol positioned in the top left hand corner of the drawing sheet.9 Plant north is to be designated only when the whole project is at an angle to true north so that Plant co-ordinates are simplified.6 General notes are to be located in the open space below the Key Plan and are to refer to the required general specifications.GENERIC PROJECT DOCUMENT DESIGN OFFICE MANUAL ATDP_TE_2 ISSUE 2 COPYRIGHT 3. For underground equipment all levels will be given as elevations below 0. Elevations must be written directly above the extended level line where possible and without any arrow or pointers unless it is not clear to which line the elevation refers. These are to be entered in the area allocated above the title block.12 All elevation and sectional drawings of surface equipment and structures shall indicate levels by means of elevations relative to datum and shall be fully dimensioned and not be abbreviated.0) must be established between the project or plant co-ordinates and the National grid system this must be noted on the Site Plan. 3. 212003014.doc APPROVED 5 November 2007 Page 3 of 23 .5 General arrangement and plan drawings issued 'FOR CONSTRUCTION" shall include a Key Plan located at the top right hand corner of the drawing. 3. a 4mm 60° triangle shall be used as an arrow to indicate to which line the co-ordinate refers. the direction of the north arrow will conform to that which is shown on existing drawings.e.3 All drawings shall quote cross-references to other relevant drawings used in the preparation of the drawing in question.2. 3. All co-ordinates must be written above the line to which they refer. Where confusion exists. should an extension to an existing plant require drawings.2.2. When plant north is to be used. with the North direction upwards or to the left. General notes need only be detailed once and all succeeding drawings shall refer to this drawing. being Top of Bank. 3. the angle of plant north to true north must be stated on the Site Plan and all succeeding plans shall refer only to Plant North. 3. a local datum point (0. 3. However.7 The Equipment Tag Numbering System shall be provided by the Mechanical Project Engineer.8 All site plans must have true and plant north (where necessary) indicated by means of a standard symbol and positioned in the top left hand corner of the drawing sheet with the North direction upwards or to the left. The area to which the drawing refers must be indicated on the Key Plan and be fully shaded and a reference description stating “this drg” shall be arrowed to the shaded area.
2.16 All orthographic views shall conform to the standard third angle projection. letters and numbers will increase towards the extension. Then the column lettering and numbering will follow the existing adopted system. the abbreviation “NTS” shall be written in the appropriate area within the title block. 3. instruments and where necessary to make clear a particular item or area.2. P&I D’s or SCHEMATICS. 3. and numbered from west to east. 3. i. 3.19 On arrangement and detail drawings. sections and details must have the scale indicated under their title.e. 3. 212003014.14 Elevation and sectional drawings shall be fully dimensioned to show the relative levels. i. 4 DRAWING NUMBERING SYSTEM This section describes the procedures used for the numbering and registration of project drawings. On each drawing the levels must be dimensioned back to a stated elevation. Elevations given to equipment supplied by other disciplines are purely for reference.2. outside engineering contractors and suppliers.17 Auxiliary views will be drawn where necessary for inclined faces to show their true shape. matchlines shall not be placed on centrelines of columns or equipment or on edges of walls. 3.18 All views. but shall be 1 metre from column centre line or face of wall. all existing equipment shall be shown in a fine double chain dotted line. unless the dimension cannot be shown on the relevant plan. FOF (Face of Flange). Perspective drawings will only be prepared for conceptual layouts and buildings as requested by the ATD Project Leader. Lateral dimensions are normally not shown.GENERIC PROJECT DOCUMENT ATDP_TE_2 ISSUE 2 DESIGN OFFICE MANUAL COPYRIGHT e. 2.C etc. TOC (top of concrete). If a drawing has no scale. PFD’s. A. the column lettering and numbering will be such that the extension continues the system. 3 etc.2. i.20 All columns whether steelwork or concrete. PREFERRED SCALES General Arrangements 1:100 1:50 1:25 Detail Drawings 1:25 1:20 1:10 1:5 Other scales may be used with the approval of the Chief Designer. The term ‘drawing’ includes drawings produced by the project team. i.e. Isometric views and details will be used for piping. or. All future equipment shall be shown in a fine dotted line.2.15 Where possible.g. The above shall be overruled if an existing building is to be extended.2. 1.2.e. if they differ from the scale indicated in the main title block. CL (Centreline). 3. etc.B. as a general practice shall be lettered from south to north.2.doc APPROVED 5 November 2007 Page 4 of 23 . where a new building has an envisaged extension. 3.e. etc.13 All plans shall be fully dimensioned relevant to the particular function of the drawing.
3. Once satisfied.2 • COMPANY • PROJECT • AREA • LOCATION • TITLE • ORIGINATING RESOURCE CENTRE DRAWING NUMBER STRUCTURE Although not all the above information is registered in the drawing number. or his assistant.doc APPROVED 5 November 2007 Page 5 of 23 . The aims of EDMS are: • The allocation of drawing numbers. The Chief Designer is responsible for ensuring that outside consultants and contractors number their drawings according to this procedure. 212003014. The Chief Designer shall ensure that the title is correct and is entered as such in EDMS. On receipt of such work. the following input information is required. Drawing numbers are obtained from EDMS. 4. In order to register a drawing in EDMS. allocates design work to Designer/Senior Designers. • The simplification of drawing retrieval. and it is the Chief Designers’ responsibility to ensure that EDMS is kept accurate and up to date.3 RAISING A DRAWING NUMBER 4. It provides the means of raising drawing numbers as well as a drawing register and control system. the latter shall study the information received and prepare a schedule of drawings to be produced.GENERIC PROJECT DOCUMENT ATDP_TE_2 ISSUE 2 DESIGN OFFICE MANUAL 4.1 Procedure The Chief Designer. 4. it is vital for future drawing retrieval that all information is supplied and accurate. the Designer/Senior Designer shall register the drawing on EDMS (see ATD P 4 ).1 COPYRIGHT GENERAL The registration and retrieval details of drawings are vital to the success of any project. A typical drawing number displayed on drawings is as shown below: PROJECT RESOURCE CENTRE SEQUENTIAL NUMBER Each drawing has provision for a title that describes the drawing as briefly and accurately as possible (abbreviations may be used). • The use of a uniform system to suit all projects executed within ATD.
walls and floors with falls.1 General Arrangements These drawings form the basis of engineering design within a particular area or sub area and set the requirements for all disciplines and are produced in order to determine the location of all equipment.1.3 PIPING AND INSTRUMENT DIAGRAMS (P&ID’S) P&ID’s shall be produced in the C&I Department based on PFD’s and reviewed to determine the engineering requirements of a project. • All building columns. 5. 5.1 Prior to draughting. correctly drawn and located.1 GENERAL 5.3 The Chief Designer and Checker shall keep in contact with the Designer during the design period.4 Once the drawing has been completed to the satisfaction of the Chief Designer the checking procedure as per Section 6 shall be initiated. all members and columns shall be drawn and dimensioned. The following information must be incorporated. shall be numbered.GENERIC PROJECT DOCUMENT DESIGN OFFICE MANUAL ATDP_TE_2 ISSUE 2 COPYRIGHT 5 PREPARATION OF DRAWINGS 5.1. • All equipment shall be drawn in only as much detail as required to accurately locate such equipment. Checker and Draughtsman shall discuss and agree on the principles to come up with an economical. • All platforms and stairways. it is not usually necessary to draw the steelwork. functional and safe design.2 PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAMS (PFD’S) Conceptual flow sheets designed by the Process Engineer/Project Metallurgist and approved by the ATD Project Leader/Consulting Metallurgist form the basis of PFD’s. 5. 5. 212003014. 5.2 The Chief Designer.4. but for completion of the drawing the outline of encasement plus grid centrelines shall be shown. At this stage only the name of the Designer shall appear in the space provided.1. • Piping affecting the location of equipment shall be shown. The latter will be prepared by the Mechanical Design Office in accordance with instructions from the Mechanical Project Engineer using standard cell library symbols. 5. the initial concept of design shall be agreed to by the Project Mechanical Engineer and the Chief Designer.doc APPROVED 5 November 2007 Page 6 of 23 .4 MECHANICAL DRAWINGS 5. • Where buildings are to be drawn. • Where columns or beams are encased in concrete. • All equipment.1. other than inline piping equipment.
212003014.doc APPROVED 5 November 2007 Page 7 of 23 . the UNDERSIDE elevation of the equipment must be given. • All floor and platform elevations shall be stated and are used for reference. Detail Drawings and Sub Assemblies These drawings are produced from information given on 5. Any top of concrete or steelwork elevation will be for reference only. • As mechanical general arrangements are used as the basic design of an area. • Pumps shall be located by means of the centreline of the discharge connection and/or centreline of suction connection. • Location of steelwork.2 ATDP_TE_2 ISSUE 2 COPYRIGHT • All concrete supports. the drawings must be as complete as possible. • Where possible. • Where equipment is supported on concrete or steelwork. giving full shop details in order that the equipment can be manufactured. • All floor slopes shall be indicated as a percentage and the direction of fall shall be shown.1 to determine the mechanical design of each particular piece of mechanical equipment. • All tolerances and finishes shall be in accordance with SABS 0111 Part 1. • All handrailings and stanchions are to be shown and are to be indicated in heavy single line.4.4.5. • Loads for all mechanical equipment must be given in tabular form located in the open area above the title block to facilitate civil/structural design. • All stairways and landings shall be shown.1 General Arrangements These drawings are produced from information given in Mechanical drawings to determine the steel design and layout and shall incorporate the following information: • Size. 5.5 STRUCTURAL DRAWINGS 5. • Location of holding down bolt positions and sizes of holes.GENERIC PROJECT DOCUMENT DESIGN OFFICE MANUAL 5. • All plate work shall be dimensioned to the inside of the plate. details shall be drawn on the same drawing sheet as the arrangements. sumps and slabs shall be shown in outline only. type and number required of each steel member. • The total mass of each item shall be given. • All welding shall be clearly identified either by welding symbols in accordance with SABS 044 or by a fully descriptive note. • All steel sections shall be fully dimensioned to centre lines in the case of I & H sections and to the back in the case of channels and angles.
212003014.doc APPROVED 5 November 2007 Page 8 of 23 . • All steelwork sections and backmarks to be in accordance with the S. End connections and base plates to be in accordance with AAC Specification No 114/2.A Institute of Steel Construction.GENERIC PROJECT DOCUMENT DESIGN OFFICE MANUAL ATDP_TE_2 ISSUE 2 COPYRIGHT • All connections to concrete bases shall be dimensioned to underside of baseplate and the elevation must be stated.
in extreme cases. etc. opening windows etc. supplied by windows. • Normally all plant stairways shall be at an angle of 45° and 750mm wide.6. This width can.doc APPROVED 5 November 2007 Page 9 of 23 .6 ATDP_TE_2 ISSUE 2 COPYRIGHT • All steel section sizes shall be shown above the sections to which they refer. All equipment holding down bolt holes must be dimensioned to these centrelines and the hole and bolt sizes shall be stated. • A sepia shall be issued to the structural steel vendor. heavy chain dotted line with stanchions indicated and only dimensioned where specific equipment dictates. These code numbers must refer to a steel section table on the right hand side of the drawing. numerical code numbers in an 8mm diameter circle can be arrowed to the section.GENERIC PROJECT DOCUMENT DESIGN OFFICE MANUAL 5. • The minimum clearance of a structure over roadways shall be 6m from top of road to underside of the structure. • The steelwork vendor shall issue a copy of all fabrication and/or shop detail drawings to ATD for review by the Structural Engineer.1 General Arrangements These drawings are produced from the information given in Mechanical Drawings and certified vendor drawings. • All crawl beams shall extend to a minimum of 1500mm from a building. • All sheeted structures to have a minimum of 5% of the floor area as cross ventilation by means of roof vents and fixed louvres. If. • All equipment centrelines shall be drawn and the equipment number must be written above the centreline as described in Section 1. This shall be marked up by the vendor showing all steel part numbers and will be returned to ATD. 5. to determine the route of each pipeline and the location of all fittings. 212003014.2 5. Vastrap or chequer plate flooring will only be used when recommended by the Engineer and must be in covered areas. the size cannot be shown.7. • These drawings shall be treated as vendor drawings. • All sheeted structures to have a minimum of 10% of the floor area as natural lighting. • In general. flooring shall be open grid type.5. Refer to standard drawing Y0012. Detail Drawings (Workshop Drawings) • All detail drawings produced by the steelwork vendor shall be in accordance with relevant ATD Standards. translucent sheeting openings. • General notes are to be written in the space provided above the title block. • All handrailing shall be shown in single. inline equipment. PIPING DRAWINGS Drawings to be produced in accordance with procedures provided by the Project Mechanical Engineer. It will then become the erection reference drawing. through lack of space. tie-ins and supports. be reduced to 600mm with the Engineer’s approval.
• All the basic dimensions must agree with those indicated in which will be the reference drawing.1 When a facility area has been completed to the satisfaction of the appointed site representative. 5.doc APPROVED 5 November 2007 Page 10 of 23 . • Part numbers. 5.3 The drawing shall be issued as Rev 0 for design.7.6.g. This copy is then forwarded to the design office. 5.8 AS BUILT DRAWINGS These drawings shall be produced as requested by the ATD Project Leader.5 The word “copyright” displayed in the ATD title block shall be removed.7. e. a copy of the drawing shall be marked-up by the representative or an appointed person clearly indicating all site changes. This drawing shall be marked “As Built” and shall be signed and dated by the representative.8. They give a three dimensional detail view of each pipe run showing all fittings. in line equipment. 5.2 5.7 VENDOR DRAWINGS As stipulated in the order. The method of production shall be as follows: 5. 5. a new CADD print shall be produced and recorded in the preceding manner. 5.8. all vendors are to submit a certified disk copy of all equipment being supplied when the design has been accepted by ATD. 5. supports and instrumentation. Isometric Detail Drawings These drawings are produced from information given in Piping drawings and certified vendor drawings. together with a complete material list so that the information supplied is sufficient for pipe fabrication and erection. revised and reissued.2 The original drawing shall then be modified in accordance with the marked-up site copy and re-issued where appropriate. 5.7. • All relevant pipeline identification must be given.GENERIC PROJECT DOCUMENT DESIGN OFFICE MANUAL 5.3 ATDP_TE_2 ISSUE 2 COPYRIGHT Detail Drawings • These drawings are produced from the information given in Mechanical Drawings and certified vendor drawings in order to give full shop details for manufacturing of piping equipment.7.6. 212003014. special pipeline items not covered by bought out components and pipe supports.2 Vendor drawings need to be numbered and filed in the Project filing system.4 Should the vendor revise the design. valve numbering and parts lists shall be indicated as described in the procedure provided by the Project Mechanical Engineer.7.1 The disk copy supplied by the vendor shall be used to create a drawing (including vendor title block) on a standard ATD drawing sheet with standard title block.
It is most important to ensure that information given on the original drawing is correct to the draughtsman’s own satisfaction. At this stage any equipment that requires details shall be marked “HOLD” and be listed above the title block. The colour coding system for checking shall be as follows: Yellow : Correct Red : additions Green : Subtractions Blue : checker’s notes If there are a large number of additions on a drawing a plastic overlay shall be produced. 6. or drawings that have been reviewed through the IDR process. Electronic checking is done in accordance with the ATD CADD Manual (ATD_P_7). The checker shall ensure that location of items by means of dimensions and co-ordinates is arithmetically correct.1 Draughtsman or Detailer’s check. the check print shall be returned to the Chief Designer who shall assess the checker’s comments. 212003014.3 Specialist Engineers Check This refers to approval of structural and mechanical design by the relevant Specialist Engineer. It is the draughtsman’s responsibility to supply the Chief Designer with drawings to be checked and all relevant information used to produce these drawings. 6.1 GENERAL COPYRIGHT Checking of drawings is divided into three parts. The Chief Designer will pass these on to the relevant checker. It is important that this is carried out prior to the design being issued to the Chief Designer. 6.1.GENERIC PROJECT DOCUMENT ATDP_TE_2 ISSUE 2 DESIGN OFFICE MANUAL 6 CHECKING OF DRAWINGS 6. 6.1. or issued drawings requiring revisions. Tippex shall not be used on check prints as this obliterates the original drawing and any reference is duly lost. It is the responsibility of the checker to confirm that all information used in checking is most up to date.2 Checker’s check All checking must be completed on prints marked “Check Print”.doc APPROVED 5 November 2007 Page 11 of 23 . He must be satisfied that the drawing has been produced in accordance with this manual and makes reference to the relevant general specifications and standards. When the checking has been completed.1.2 CHECKING PROCEDURE The Chief Designer will allocate a checker and hand him the complete data pack that has been prepared and marked “Check Print”.
e. • Key Plan is in the correct position. When the checker is satisfied that the drawing is in a state of completion he shall issue a print to the Chief Designer and retain all check prints until the drawing has been approved. When all back drafting is complete. The Project Mechanical Engineer shall now decide if the drawing needs to go for IDR or for approval. 6. the revised drawing and check print shall be passed back to the checker for back-checking. location. 6. or person appointed by the Civil Engineer. The Chief Designer will now re-assess the drawing and if satisfied will present it to the Project Mechanical Engineer for perusal. will be the responsibility of the Civil Checker or person appointed by the Civil Engineer. • Civil interface connections are correct. level. All other data. 6.4 PIPING AND INSTRUMENT DIAGRAMS (P&I D’S) The checking of P&I D’s is the responsibility of the C&I Department checker.doc APPROVED 5 November 2007 Page 12 of 23 .1 General Arrangements (Concrete) The mechanical checker shall be responsible for checking the following: • All mounting bases.GENERIC PROJECT DOCUMENT DESIGN OFFICE MANUAL ATDP_TE_2 ISSUE 2 COPYRIGHT The check print shall then be passed to the draughtsman for back drafting. floor slopes.6 ARCHITECTURAL DRAWINGS The mechanical checker shall be responsible for checking all items described under Architectural drawings The checking of all other data is the responsibility of the civil checker.5. concrete design. • All equipment numbers are fully stated on the drawing. 212003014. • All holding down bolts are correct in number. curbs. i.3 PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAMS (PFD’S) The checking of PFD’s is the responsibility of the Metallurgist/Process Engineer. etc.5 CIVIL DRAWINGS 6. 6. projection and size. plinths.
1 General Arrangements The mechanical checker shall ensure that: • The drawing has been prepared in accordance with this manual. • The elevations of floor steelwork. 212003014. • All back marks used for bolting are correct. i. • All equipment item numbers are correct and shown correctly. i. platforms and concrete are shown correctly and conform to the latest civil and structural steel drawings. All support legs are shown correctly orientated. • All flooring is indicated and cut-outs required are dimensioned.2 • Drawing is in accordance with this manual. Detail Drawings (Fabrication Drawings) These drawings are produced by the Structural Vendor and are reviewed by the Structural Engineer/Designer. 6.e. • All specifications are correct. • All member sizes are stated. • The orientation of equipment including all connections and manholes is shown correctly in relation to plant north. • All column base elevations are given.GENERIC PROJECT DOCUMENT DESIGN OFFICE MANUAL 6. • Ensure that all design requirements from the Structural Engineer have been complied with.7. • All hand railing is indicated. centrelines and underside of supports.8.doc APPROVED 5 November 2007 Page 13 of 23 .7. welding. • All access doorways.1 General Arrangements ATDP_TE_2 ISSUE 2 COPYRIGHT The mechanical checker shall be responsible for checking all items described under Structural drawings and as follows: 6. Check that sufficient access has been allowed for equipment operation and maintenance.8 MECHANICAL DRAWINGS 6.e.7 STRUCTURAL DRAWINGS 6. • The elevations of equipment are shown correctly. • All appropriate reference drawings are noted. • North and section arrows are shown correctly. bolting and painting. • The appropriate Key Plan is correctly positioned. platforms and stairways are shown correctly. • The leading dimensions of the main structure and the grid reference centrelines of equipment are correct.
8. 6. • The size of holes specified for equipment suspended through floors is correct. 212003014. • All fittings used are drawn in accordance with ATD Standards. agitator removal.doc APPROVED 5 November 2007 Page 14 of 23 . 6.8. but can be reduced to 600mm with the Project Mechanical Engineer’s approval.7 Equipment is in accordance with the PFD’s and equipment lists. • Sloping floors with percentage slope are indicated and finished floor levels are shown on plan at corners of building and where necessary for equipment. main equipment removals etc.8. 6. • All dimensions and elevations are correct including the configuration of the pipes.8. and that lifting beams have been allowed where necessary. including finish and painting specification.4 All erection and working loads are correctly stated.9.8. • Stairways are in accordance with ATD Standards.8.8.GENERIC PROJECT DOCUMENT DESIGN OFFICE MANUAL ATDP_TE_2 ISSUE 2 COPYRIGHT Note: Normal equipment access is to be 750mm wide. Detail Drawings and Sub-Assemblies The mechanical checker shall ensure that the drawings are in accordance with Mechanical Drawings requirements and the following: 6.8.1 General Arrangements The piping checker shall ensure that these drawings are in accordance with Piping Drawing requirements and the following: • The drawing has been prepared in accordance with this manual.8. 6. 6. • Sufficient building outline is shown and the clearances between building and equipment are adequate.3 Drawings are in accordance with the ATD CADD Manual. 6.10 All specification codes are stated correctly. tube bundle withdrawals. • Equipment numbers are correct.6 Co-ordinates are correctly stated and dimensioned.9 Normal liquid level is stated if applicable. 6. • Sufficient clearance has been allowed for equipment..9 PIPING DRAWINGS 6. 6.2 • All continuation matchlines are shown and correctly referenced. 6.5 Equipment numbers are correctly stated.8 Lifting and platform lugs are indicated and positioned if required. • Graded ground levels are shown on plan outside the corners of the building.
doc APPROVED 5 November 2007 Page 15 of 23 . • Piping does not obstruct doorways. • All valves are in an operable position. • Pipes carrying corrosive liquids are run underneath pipes carrying non-corrosive liquids or cable trays • Where possible. bearing in mind upstream and downstream minimum distances. A welding root gap of 2. racking etc.GENERIC PROJECT DOCUMENT DESIGN OFFICE MANUAL ATDP_TE_2 ISSUE 2 COPYRIGHT • All flanges mating up with equipment are correctly specified and at the correct elevation and that all out of spec items have been identified and specification changes indicated. • Pipes have adequate vents and drains. • All pipe supports are correctly numbered and symbols are in accordance with ATD Standards. • There is sufficient clearance for withdrawal of thermowells on pipes and equipment. fitting to fitting construction is used for site welds. • Minimum clearance is maintained over roadways and access paths. electrical and instrument equipment. 212003014. • Where pipes pass through steel flooring and cladding the cut-out is of sufficient size to allow the passage of pipe flanges. • Tundishes are detailed sufficiently for site fabrication. Where pipes pass through bund walls or sump walls. in some cases. a gear operated valve. • All instrument tappings called for on P&ID’s are catered for and are in the correct location. • Where pipes pass through walls. If not.0mm shall be allowed for each weld. • All branch connections are in accordance with the relevant Piping Specification. brickwork. • Pipes do not foul steelwork or equipment. • All doubtful dimensions are indicated as requiring site checking. • Lengths of unbroken pipe runs are not excessive for installation and bearing in mind maintenance problems. • The orientation of orifice tappings for liquids and gases is correct. taking into account insulation. the spool piece is long enough for bolting of flanges at either side of the wall. preferably above the flooring of inside buildings. puddle flanges are included on the spool piece. • All dial type instruments are in a readable location. Ensure that there is a break joint within 300mm of the cut-out. a spindle extension or chain operation should be specified or. • All instrument isolating valves are shown in the correct location. • Orifice plates are located correctly. access and withdrawal of equipment. • All pipe runs are routed so that they are adequately supported. • Control sets have sufficient clearance for spindle withdrawal (top or bottom) during maintenance.
• Where piping is underground. ensure that a blank flange is provided. • Adequate arrangements have been made for steam or air trapping. • Inline instruments are located in an accessible position or provision is made for access. cables etc. Underground protection must be stated. • When thermal expansion is large. • That all piping to vessels and especially pumps is adequately supported so that there is no excessive stressing.GENERIC PROJECT DOCUMENT DESIGN OFFICE MANUAL 6. and in cases of small amounts of expansion. It is preferable that the isometric details and the general arrangement are checked at the same time in order to save returning to work that has been partially checked. pulled bends have been used up to 50NB. • On pipes with heat tracing.3 Isometric Detail Drawings The piping checker shall ensure that these drawings are in accordance with Piping Drawing requirements. • Flow area on 40NB pipes and below is not restricted after insertion of thermowells. • Each line is in accordance with the requirements of the P&ID’s. • Allowance has been made for lagging when considering pipe clearances. 6. that valves and fittings have all the necessary heat tracing as well.2 ATDP_TE_2 ISSUE 2 COPYRIGHT • Bends in pipes are kept to right angles and angular offsets are avoided as much as possible. • Spillage pump piping is in accordance with applicable Piping Specification. • Where instrument branches are flanged. • Steam lines have adequate condensate drip legs. • Flanges on pipe racks do not foul steelwork and valves do not rest on steel beams.doc APPROVED 5 November 2007 Page 16 of 23 . (See applicable Piping Specification). suitably tapped to accommodate the instrument. that it has been taken care of by means of expansion bellows or loops. Piping Detail Drawings The piping checker shall ensure that these drawing are in accordance with Piping Drawing requirements. etc. • Where possible.9.9. 212003014. • Pump discharge lines do not run back over pump motors. it does not foul any existing piping/drains. • Pockets in underground lines have been avoided due to venting and drainage problems. that the line is flexible enough to take up the necessary expansion.
11 AS BUILT DRAWINGS These drawings shall be checked. the drawing shall be issued under the succeeding revision. by the mechanical checker. Any disagreement shall be resolved by the relevant Chief Designer and site representative. 7 APPROVAL. which shall be titled “As Built”.2. 7.doc APPROVED 5 November 2007 Page 17 of 23 . ISSUE. Any other reference drawings shall be obtained from the Chief Designer. one print of each drawing shall be compiled into a MASTER set and marked accordingly. Upon approval.2. it is necessary to freeze the design within the limits of the P&ID’s and Conceptual Arrangement to avoid costly changes which may also seriously delay the project programme.2. This set shall be retained in the Design Office and shall form the basis of any design work. Only checked drawings shall be issued for IDR. To relate user’s comments to a signature. 7.2 Drawings requiring review shall be placed by the Chief Designer in the IDR room with a copy of the notification slip attached to it. All drawings must be checked by the mechanical checker to ensure that they comply with the Vendor drawing requirements.10 ATDP_TE_2 ISSUE 2 COPYRIGHT VENDOR DRAWINGS All disciplines shall be responsible for their own checking but a copy of all vendor drawings must be sent to the mechanical section for interface checking. MODIFICATION AND ARCHIVING OF DRAWINGS 7. mechanical general arrangement and P&ID’s define the project as a whole for engineering detail design. 6.GENERIC PROJECT DOCUMENT DESIGN OFFICE MANUAL 6.4 Review drawings shall be studied and commented on by the named persons. 7. 7. 7. This notification shall indicate the originator and the date by which all comments must be received.3 Master copies of all PFD’s and P&ID’s shall be housed in the IDR room for reference.1 GENERAL The site plan. When all modifications have been completed to the satisfaction of the checker.2. The colour red will be used by the Project Mechanical Engineer (adjudicator).1 Drawings requiring review shall be identified by the Project Mechanical Engineer who will notify the persons required to comment.2 INTERDISCIPLINARY DRAWING REVIEW The Project Mechanical Engineer shall arrange for an interdisciplinary drawing review (IDR) room which shall be the control point for all drawings requiring review. The latter is the responsibility of the mechanical checker. who shall use the site marked-up copy and accept all information given unless there is an obvious error. in accordance with Section 6 using the normal checking practice. 212003014. each person will use a colour not previously used. Therefore the above drawings shall be approved by discipline engineers prior to the commencement of detail design. Before detailed design can be initiated.
NB.3 DRAWING APPROVAL The Chief Designer is responsible for the approval of drawings (which have been produced in his section) by Specialist Engineers and the Project Mechanical Engineer prior to approval by the ATD Project Leader and Client. (i. the Project Mechanical Engineer shall issue the IDR print to the Chief Designer for updating of the original.2. the Chief Designer shall decide which drawings require approval by Specialist Engineers. 7. Subsequent to checking and reviewing of drawings by the IDR process.1 7.2. 7.2. 7.3. This print shall be of a size which allows for easy record keeping.2. date and professional registration number and sign in the block provided and return the print to the Chief Designer. • The Chief Designer will issue the print to the designer for electronic insertion of names and dates on the original drawing. • The Chief Designer will issue the print to the designer for electronic insertion of names and dates on the original drawing.8 The Chief Designer shall ensure that all comments made on the IDR print have been incorporated in the updated original prior to starting the approval process of the drawing. • The Chief Designer will collect the signatures from the checker and Project Mechanical Engineer before signing the drawing himself. • The print containing hand signatures shall be returned to the Chief Designer for safe keeping.6 Subsequent to finalising all comments made. This hand signed copy shall be returned to the Chief Designer for record purposes.3. The Chief Designer will discuss comments with the checker and revision of the drawing shall be done as per checking procedure. A3).2 Drawings requiring Specialist Engineers’ approval • The Chief Designer shall forward prints of identified drawings to the Specialist Engineer together with a transmittal.doc APPROVED 5 November 2007 Page 18 of 23 . 212003014. He will review comments made and refer any difference of opinions to the ATD Project Leader for a ruling. 7. Drawings not requiring Specialist Engineers’ approval • The Chief Designer shall call for a print of the drawing and will collect the signatures from the checker and project mechanical engineer before signing the drawing himself.7 All IDR prints shall be retained in the project filing system until the installation has been completed and commissioned.e.GENERIC PROJECT DOCUMENT DESIGN OFFICE MANUAL ATDP_TE_2 ISSUE 2 COPYRIGHT 7. 7.5 The Project Mechanical Engineer will collect the updated review drawing from the IDR room after the deadline set for comments. • When the Specialist Engineer is satisfied that the drawing complies with his specifications he shall enter his name.
4 Once final approval has been obtained the drawing must carry the revision “Drawing issued for construction” in the revision detail column. 7.1 Preliminary Issue The following types of issues are included in this section: • issue “for information only” • issue “for tender purposes only” • issue “for review” • issue “for checking” • issue “for revision” • issue “for approval” The Chief Designer shall prepare the correct number of prints as per instructions from the Project Mechanical Engineer for any of the above issue purposes. Care should be taken to ensure prints are suitably marked and the transmittal indicates the purpose of the drawing issue as well.5 ISSUING OF DRAWINGS The issuing of drawings can be divided. 212003014.3. Drawings “Issued for Construction" must have been through the approval process and the revision number shall be numerical.3 ATDP_TE_2 ISSUE 2 COPYRIGHT Further Drawing Approval In addition to the above procedure each Project will have its own drawing approval requirements and it is the Project Mechanical Engineers responsibility to implement this. Preliminary drawings do not need to be approved. into two groups • Preliminary issue • Issued for Construction The Chief Designer is responsible for the issuing of drawings and maintaining a record thereof.3. ARCHIVING OF APPROVED DRAWINGS An electronic copy of each drawing containing electronic signatures shall be kept in Project Wise.5.4 Approved Drawing • 7. The alpha prefix in the revision block falls away and the revision number shall be numerical. 7.GENERIC PROJECT DOCUMENT DESIGN OFFICE MANUAL 7. 7.doc APPROVED 5 November 2007 Page 19 of 23 . according to their purpose.
The Chief designer shall ensure that signed transmittal sheets are returned for filing and/or confirm that drawings have been received and are in the possession of the recipient.5.GENERIC PROJECT DOCUMENT DESIGN OFFICE MANUAL 7. 7.3 Revisions not requiring specialist Engineer’s approval to be carried out as per paragraph 7. 7.5. Electronic copies of drawings may be issued via e-mail. if necessary. prints need to be suitably marked and the transmittal needs to indicate the purpose of the drawing issue as well. 7. 184.108.40.206.2. the revision number of the drawing must be updated and.e.6 REVISION ON PRELIMINARY DRAWINGS All preliminary drawings.3. transmittal sheets and e-mail records) needs to be kept by the Chief Designer. Again.7. 7.2 Revisions requiring specialist Engineer’s approval to be carried out as per paragraph 7.7 REVISION TO ISSUED DRAWINGS Revisions to issued drawings are the responsibility of the Chief Designer and he will decide whether specialist engineer’s approval is required.e. i. 7. drawings in the process of being designed.2. 212003014.3 Drawing Transmittals A drawing transmittal sheet must accompany all drawings being issued. the drawing re-issued for comments.2 ATDP_TE_2 ISSUE 2 COPYRIGHT Final issue The following types of issues are included in this section: • issue “for construction” • issue “for your records” The number of copies issued to site will be determined by the ATD Project Leader.3.1 Revisions and checking of revisions to be carried out as per paragraph 6. shall be given an Alpha prefix in the revision block and marked “Preliminary”.7.4 Signatures for revisions are to be in the space provided in the drawing title block.doc APPROVED 5 November 2007 Page 20 of 23 . A record of all drawing issues (i. Whenever the drawing is updated from comment prints or on the relevant engineer’s requests. This is the responsibility of the relevant Chief Designer and shall be completed by himself or a designated person. 7.
flow rate.10.2 The Chief Designer shall ensure that an equipment interface check is carried out by the mechanical checker.10. approval and final design purposes. 7. kW rating. 7. 212003014.1 The Project Mechanical Engineer shall ensure that the equipment is in accordance with the order and Project requirements (i.9 APPROVAL OF VENDOR DRAWINGS Vendors are required to submit two paper copies for comments.5 The Project Mechanical Engineer shall decide if checking of the design by the structural and/or Mechanical Engineer is required and pass on the prints and relevant information accordingly. and allocate the equipment number(s) to all items. etc.10. showing all the changes. 7. Any such modifications to the original drawing will be issued under the next revision number and will state “AS BUILT” in the revision description. 7. In these circumstances the Site Engineer will organise a marked-up copy of the relevant drawing.10.7. 7. 7. All drawings received must be accompanied by a Vendor drawing transmittal and the returned print by an ATD drawing transmittal. signed and dated.doc APPROVED 5 November 2007 Page 21 of 23 .e. The second copy with all relevant marking shall be filed by the Chief Designer until the certified disk copy is received. System Packages.10.5 Prints containing hand signatures to be kept for record purposes and/or future microfilming.3 Non-proprietary Equipment: Tankage. capacity.4 The Project Mechanical Engineer shall ensure that the project requirements have been satisfied in the proposed design.10. etc). and this drawing will be returned to the design office. 7. These drawings are routed via the Project Mechanical Engineer to the Chief Designer and back to the Vendor.10 PROPRIETARY EQUIPMENT 7.10.8 SITE CHANGES During the course of the project. 7. it may be necessary for site personnel to make changes to the original design.6 The Chief Designer shall ensure that all drawings are checked in accordance with Section 6.GENERIC PROJECT DOCUMENT DESIGN OFFICE MANUAL ATDP_TE_2 ISSUE 2 COPYRIGHT 7.
7 The Project Mechanical Engineer shall return a print with the comment “Approved for Construction” or marked up in red with the relevant changes and the comment “Please revise accordingly”.11 ARCHIVING OF DRAWINGS The Chief Designer shall have at all times an up to date drawing register indicating the status of every drawing. It is the Chief Designers responsibility to ensure that all files are removed from CADD workstations used during the project design phase.doc APPROVED 5 November 2007 Page 22 of 23 .10. 7. subsequent to the archiving of all project drawings.8 The vendor shall not commence any manufacturing until he is in possession of approved drawings.GENERIC PROJECT DOCUMENT DESIGN OFFICE MANUAL ATDP_TE_2 ISSUE 2 COPYRIGHT 7. the Project Mechanical Engineer shall instruct the Chief Designer when to archive the project drawings. 7. 212003014.10. At the completion of a project.
6.6. 2 and 3 SABS 044 : Welding SABS 0111 : Part 1 . 220.127.116.11 and 7.4 and 7. 7.doc APPROVED 5 November 2007 Page 23 of 23 .Tolerances and finishes Y0012 : Plant stairways .4.standard drawing APPENDIX B : RECORD OF AMENDMENTS Issue 0 : Based upon 819 d 11 Issue 1 : Clauses 18.104.22.168. 7.4.6 updated (November 2007) 212003014.6.. 6.5 updated (October 2007) Issue 2 : Clause 5.GENERIC PROJECT DOCUMENT DESIGN OFFICE MANUAL ATDP_TE_2 ISSUE 2 COPYRIGHT APPENDIX A : RELATED DOCUMENTS ISO 9001 : Quality Management System SABS 0111 : Engineering Drawings Parts 1.
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