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Resource allocation OFDMA Wireless Communication systems supporting multimedia systems

VIJAYALAXMI P 1MS08LDC17

Outline

OFDMA  TYPES of OFDMA  SYTEM ARCHITECTURE  ADVANTAGES  RESEARCH ISSUES AND CONCLUSION  REFERENCES

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What is OFDMA


Frequency division multiplexing (FDM) is a technology that transmits multiple signals simultaneously over a single transmission path, such as a cable or wireless system. Each signal travels within its own unique frequency range (carrier), w hich is modulated by the data (text, voice, video, etc.). OFDM is sometimes called multi-carrier or discrete multi-tone modulation. It is the modulation technique used for digital TV in Europe, Japan and Australia.

TYPES OF OFDMA

  

MIMO-OFDM WOFDM Flash OFDM

MIMO-OFDMA


Multiple Input, Multiple Output Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing is a technology developed by Iospan Wireless that uses multiple antennas to transmit and receive radio signals. will allow service providers to deploy a Broadband Wireless Access (BWA) system that has Non-Line-ofSight (NLOS) functionality. The MIMO system uses multiple antennas to simultaneously transmit data, in small pieces to the receiver, which can process the data flows and put them back together. This process, called spatial multiplexing

WOFDM & Flash OFDM




WOFDM - Wideband OFDM, developed by Wi-Lan, develops spacing between channels large enough so that any frequency errors between transmitter and receiver have no effect on performance. Flash OFDM - Flarion (Lucent/Bell Labs spinoff) has developed this technology, also called fast-hopped OFDM, which uses multiple tones and fast hopping to spread signals over a um band.

OFDMA SYTEM ARCHITECTURE




Duplexing Technique FDD/TDD Multiple Access Method TDMA/OFDMA OFDM Symbols allocated by TDMA Sub-Carriers within an OFDM Symbol allocated by OFDMA Diversity Frequency, Time, Code (CPE and BS), Space Time Coding, Antenna Array

Duplexing - Principles
FDD (Frequency Division Duplexing ) Uses One Frequency for the DownLink, and a Second Frequency for the UpLink. TDD (time Division Duplexing) Uses the same frequency for the Downlink and the Uplink. In any configuration the access method is OFDMA/TDMA .
D ow nLink U pLink

FD D
F1 - Frequency band F2 - Frequency band

D ow nLink

U pLink

TD D
F1 - Frequency band

F1 - Frequency band

OFDMA-TDMA Principles
Using OFDMA/TDMA, Sub Channels are allocated in the Frequency Domain, and OFDM Symbols allocated in the Time Domain.
t

\ O

OFDM-FDMA (OFDMA)


The IEEE 802.16e/ WiMax use OFDMA as Multiple access technique


Bandwidth options 1.25, 5, 10, or 20 MHz Entire bandwidth divided into 128, 512, 1024 or 2048 sub carriers 20 MHz bandwidth with 2048 sub carriers has 9.8 KHz spacing between sub carriers

Advantages of OFDMA


Multi-user Diversity

broadband signals experience frequency selective fading OFDMA allows different users to transmit over different portions of the broadband spectrum (traffic channel) Different users perceive different channel qualities, a deep faded channel for one user may still be favorable to others
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Advantages of OFDMA cont..

Multi-user Diversity

Advantages of OFDMA cont..




Efficient use of Spectrum


4/3 Hz per symbol

6/5 Hz per symbol

Advantages of OFDMA cont..




Receiver Simplicity It eliminates the intra-cell interference avoiding CDMA type of multi-user detection Orthogonality of code destroyed by selective fading Only FFT processor is required Bit Error Rate performance is better only in Fading environment

Research issues and Conclusion


Future works Peak-to-average power reduction in OFDM Timing and Frequency Synchronization Efficient digital signal processing Implementation of OFDM Multiple input/Multiple output (MIMO) OFDM Conclusion Different variations of OFDMA are proposed and have different pros and cons
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Thank You
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