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Part 1: Structural Design & Building Technology Jan. 27, 1997 (08:00 am – 6:00 pm)
INSTRUCTION: Select the correct answer for each of the following questions. Mark only one answer for each item by
shading the box corresponding to the letter of your choice on the answer sheet provided. STRICLY NO ERASURES
ALLOWED. Use pencil no. 1 only.


1. Walls that support weight from above as well as their own dead weight
A. load bearing walls C. shoring walls
B. curtain walls D. none of these

2. It refers to the occupancy load which is either partially or fully in place or may not be present at all is called
A. live load C. concentrated load
B. dead load D. distributed load

3. The distance between inflection point in the column when it breaks is called
A. development length C. effective length
B. cross sectional area D. equivalent distance

4. The amount of space measured in cubic units

A. none of these C. volume
B. perimeter D. area

5. In the formula e=PL/AE, E stands for

A. total deformation C. equal force
B. elongation D. modulus of elasticity

6. A bent rod to resist shear and diagonal stresses in a concrete beam is called
A. bottom bar C. metal plate
B. stirrups D. temperature bar

7. Ratio of unit-stress to unit strain is:

A. ratio and proportion C. modulus of elasticity
B. moment of inertia D. slenderness ratio

8. An expansion joints adjacent parts of a structure to permit expected movements between them is called
A. contraction joint C. construction joint
B. truss joint D. conduction joint

9. To find the volume of water in a cylinder tank, multiply the area of its base by its
A. diameter C. height
B. radius D. none of these

10. The most important component to determine the strength of a concrete mix is
A. cement C. gravel
B. sand D. lime

11. The greatest stretching stress a structural member can bear without breaking or cracking
A. tension limit
B. tensile stress
C. none of these
D. elasticity limit

12. The ultimate strength of the material divided by the allowable working load
A. maximum strength C. safety factor
B. strength limit D. none of these

13. The stress per square unit area of the original cross section of a material which resist its elongation is
A. allowable stress C. flexural stress
B. tensible stress D. bending stress
Part 1: Structural Design & Building Technology Jan. 27, 1997 (08:00 am – 6:00 pm)
14. A beam that project beyond one or both its support is called
A. overhanging beam C. intermediate beam
B. continuous beam D. cantilevered beam

15. The force adhesion per unit area of contact between two bent surface is
A. axial stress C. allowable stress
B. bond stress D. flexural stress

16. Jack rafter is used for

A. hip roof support C. long span beam
B. cantilevered truss D. none of these

17. Another term for plaster board is

A. block board C. form board
B. concreting board D. gypsum board

18. The total of all the tread widths in a stair is called

A. total riser C. winder
B. total run D. none of these

19. The face of front elevation of a building

A. façade C. face plate
B. front view D. frontal approach

20. A pit in a basement floor made to collect water into which a pump is placed to pump the liquid to the sewer pipe
A. sump C. slump
B. drain hole D. none of these

21. Another name for installed vertical pipe

A. header C. stack
B. none of these D. vent pipes

22. Prefabrication refers to

A. design of a factory C. a system of material audit
B. pre-construction of component as a part of the whole D. preliminary building procedure

23. An opening in the roof for admitting light is called

A. natural lighting C. none of these
B. oculus lighting D. skylight

24. Wood coming from trees with needle leaves, rather than broad leaves are called
A. ironwood C. softwood
B. mahogany D. hardwood

25. A kind of brick used for high temperature

A. Fly-ash brick C. Firebrick
B. Thermal brick D. Cinder brick

26. The building frame construction system that uses one piece structural stud from the foundation to the roof
A. balloon framing C. wall framing
B. lath framing D. upright framing

27. A nailer strip incorporated in rough concrete wall to be plastered to act as guide and support for finish trim around
openings and near the base of the wall
A. none of these C. gravel step
B. plaster ground D. trimming guard
Part 1: Structural Design & Building Technology Jan. 27, 1997 (08:00 am – 6:00 pm)
28. The acceptable variance of dimensions from the approved standard size is called
A. maximum allowable difference C. tolerance
B. verified sizes D. none of these

29. The distance between two structural posts

A. overall distance C. span
B. bay D. none of these

30. The scientific name for wood is:

A. Citem C. Apag
B. Xylem D. …

31. In designing a stair, to find the height of the riser, divide the height of the stair by the number of
A. newel post C. balustrade
B. risers D. balusters

32. A kind of roof that has four sloping sides

A. gable roof C. hip roof
B. mansard roof D. lean-to

33. Stone placed on a slope to prevent erosion

A. rip-rap C. embankment
B. flag stone D. border stone

34. Hammer is a
A. striking tool C. measuring tool
B. holding tool D. cutting tool

35. A tough used for carrying off water

A. gutter C. moat
B. none of these D. valley duct

36. A type of valve that permits passage through a pipe in only one direction
A. gate valve C. overflow valve
B. throttle valve D. check valve

37. The process of removing concrete forms from the cured concrete
A. stripping C. none of these
B. clearing D. deforming works

38. A structural member spanning from truss-to-truss or supporting rafters

A. floor joist C. girt
B. purlin D. girder

39. A threaded steel bent inserted in masonry construction for … or wood or metal plates to concrete construction
A. anchor bolt C. gusset plate
B. U-bolt D. strut

40. A horizontal piece of wood, stone, steel or concrete causes the … of floor o
A. none of these C. transom bear
B. lintel D. transverse rafter

41. The placing of glass in windows or doors

A. none of these C. fitting
B. glazing D. glassing

42. A rejected building material because of its below-standard quality is called

A. out-lumber C. dull
B. run-of-the-mill D. none of these
Part 1: Structural Design & Building Technology Jan. 27, 1997 (08:00 am – 6:00 pm)
43. Another word for handrail on a stair construction
A. balustrade C. hand guard
B. banister D. stringer

44. A joint produce by lapping two pieces of wood

A. sandwiched joint C. ship joint
B. butt joint D. lap joint

45. Green lumber is

A. wolmanized(?) lumber C. tanalized(?) lumber
B. creasate(?)-treated lumber D. lumber that still contains moisture

46. The internal angle formed by the … slopes of a rectangle

A. canal C. valley
B. gutter D. beige cap

47. A vertical board attached on the ends of the rafters. It is a part of the cornice.
A. fascia C. face cover
B. decorative board D. construction board

48. A large heavy nail is referred to as

A. spike C. none of these
B. anchorage hardware D. …

49. In designing a stair, to find the number of risers, divide the height of the stair by the height of each
A. newel post C. balusters
B. risers D. nosing

50. Underwater watertight chamber to allow construction work to be done

A. bent chamber C. caisson
B. submersible air chamber D. none of these

51. Stakes and batter board in a construction layouting procedure refers to

A. building components where permanent horizontal and vertical measurement are indicated
B. initial form works done in construction
C. vertical and horizontal wood sticks and lumber used to determine the elevation and distances of the reference points of
the proposed building
D. a cliché for layouting work

52. Lumber specification S4S means

A. smooth for surfacing jobs C. first class lumber
B. square on four sides D. smooth on four sides

53. The term used to indicate top and lower principal member of a roof or bridge truss
A. rafter C. beam
B. chord D. tie

54. Strips of hardwood usually 2”x2” laid over a concrete slab floor
A. sleepers C. wood anchor blocks
B. leveling blocks D. wood saddle

55. Miter square is a guiding and testing tool that has a permanent blade set at
A. 30 C. 20
B. 45 D. 60

56. A wall that holds back on earth embankment

A. shoring wall C. buttress wall
B. retaining wall D. foundation wall
Part 1: Structural Design & Building Technology Jan. 27, 1997 (08:00 am – 6:00 pm)
57. In structural steel section joints, it is recommended NOT to use
A. rivets C. oxygen/acetyline welding
B. nuts and bolts D. electric arch welding

58. An instrument of regulating electric current

A. rheostat C. thermostat
B. voltage meter D. galvanometer

59. A wall that serves two dwelling units, known also

A. common wall C. exterior wall
B. property wall D. perimeter wall

60. The liquid discharge from a septic vault after

A. waste water discharge C. effluent
B. brackish water D. block water

61. Pertaining to a material description

A. … C. …
B. vitreous D. cellulose

62. To allow concrete to dry slowly by keeping its moist to attain maximum strength
A. permeate C. tempering
B. stabilize D. cure

63. The hardware on a door to accommodate to the knob and lock

A. escutcheon C. door lock cap
B. embellisher D. push plate

64. The material used for the process of making watertight the intersection and other exposed areas on the exterior of the
A. capping C. fascia
B. flashing D. gutter

65. A vertical space in a building intended for ducts, pipes and the like
A. niche C. chase
B. crevice D. trench

66. The term used to describe the putting up of the skeleton of the building
A. roughing-in C. shell work
B. stakes and batterboards D. formworks

67. The zigzag rule is a

A. a road builder tool for measuring zigzag road C. an all-metal tape measuring tool
B. the law governing intricate road network D. carpenter measuring tool

68. Keystone is
A. a wedge-shaped stone of an axe C. a stone shaped like a key
B. a kind of grinding every stone D. a brand of vehicular tire

69. Kalemain door is

A. a fireproof door with metal C. a door product of Kuala Lumpur
B. an indoor decorative door D. none of these

70. Lumber that is not squared or finished:

A. green limber C. undressed lumber
B. milled lumber D. sealed lumber
Part 1: Structural Design & Building Technology Jan. 27, 1997 (08:00 am – 6:00 pm)
71. Using the data given below, determine the ultimate moment of the given beam as a single…
A. 215 M P
B. 275 Mpa
C. o
D. o

72. Determine the number of force in bar

73. Complete the other diagram below