!= k[i7e"ld !=!

lhNnfof ;fdfGo kl/ro xlndo bsno\ tHhfu' Rjfk' u'F b'u' g]kfMb]zo\ g]kfMof :yflgo ;do 5\onfa'nf ofou' lglDt g]kfof &% lhNnfdWo] 5u' lhNnf bf]nvfo\ Rj+u' &!#$ ld6/ tHhfu' uf}l/z+s/ lxdfn b'u' bf]nvf g]kfMof hs dv' xlndo\ x] gfhfu' k|fs[lts j P]ltxfl;s a:tL vM . v'zL l;yo\ dg'to\u' j:tL ljsf; h'Ou' qmdo g+ yg tfdfsf]zL hjo\ kfv] j:tLof ljsf; h'of Rj+u' vg] b' . dWodf~rn ljsf; If]qof hgsk'/ c~rnof v'u' lhNnf dWo] nfu' Yj lxdfnL lhNnf @&) @*) ldg]6 pQ/L lg;] @*) )) pQ/L cIff+; j *%) %)) k"jL{ b]zfGt/ lg;]+ *^) #@) k"jL{ b]zfGt/ ts km}no\h'of @!(! j=ls=ld If]qkmn b'u' vM . y'lsof k"j{o\ /fd]5fk j ;f]n'v'Dj' lhNnf, klZrd kfv] l;Gw'kfNrf]s lhNnf pQ/ kfv] rLgof :jzfl;t If]q ltJjt j blIf0f kfv] /fd]5fk j sfe|]knfrf]s lhNnf nf . wfld{s, P]ltxfFl;s, ;fF:s[lts, hfthflt Pjd\ ljljwtf+ hfu' Yj lhNnf &!$* ld6/-uf}/L z+s/ lxdfn_ bsno\ thfu' j &#@dL6/ lrhfMu' d]n'+u
1

uflj;of l;tnL w}Ou' yfo vM . hn;Dkbfof b[li6sf]0f dxTjk"0f{ dfgo\ ofgftu' Yj lhNnf /fhwfgL o]F !#@ ls=dL=hs k"j{nfMu' h'of cfGtl/s j jfXo ko{6sofu' uGtJo sy+ ljsf; h'of jofRj+u' b' . yg 5u' gu/ kflnsf %! uflj;, !! Onfsf j @ ;+;bLo If]q b' wf;f ygof ;b/d"sfd rl/sf]6 vM . Yj lhNnfof cf};t tfkqmd *) lg;] !();]lNoo; j cf}zt jf @,)$#=% ld=ld ju' /]s8{ b' . ygofu' d"Ss+ kl/jf/of Nof $%,^** ld;flk+ ((,%%$ j ldhlk+ *&,))# ofgf d"Ss+ hg;+Vof !,*^, %%&Dx b' . y'sL dWoo\ led]Zj/ gu/kflnsf hs kl/jf/ Nof ^,)&^ b' wf;f d"Ss+ ld;flk+ !@,)$*, ldhlk+ !),$*( ofgf d"Ss+ hg;+Vof @@,%#&Dx b' .1 cy]x] Yj lhNnfo If]qL hflt s/La ## k|ltzt, a|fDx0f hflt s/Lj !) k|ltzt cno\ g]jfMt !) k|ltzt b' . k|fs[lts dgf]/d k|Voft yfoafo uf}/Lz+s/ lxdfn, rl/sf]6, lh/L, z}n'+u, nkrL, lalb+u, xg'dGt], R5f]/f]Nkf tfn, /f]Njfln+u pkTosf, cfn8f8f, -vl/9+'uf_,r]b{'+u, lju' u'Djf, s'/L
1

tYof+s ljefu

2

pkTosf, nfdfju/ v . wfld{s :yfgt sfln~rf]s eujtL b]uM, bf]nvf leGBf], z}n'+u]Zj/ kj{tlju'-6;L u'Djf_, b]pnf+u]Zj/ dxfb]j, ufOv'/f dxfb]j;'sf7f]s/_ dxf+sfn dlGb/, r'g{jtL-lqj]0L_, d~h'>L, lqk'/f;'Gb/L, j0ff/;, h6fkf]v/L, ax'nfkf]v/L, cflb . Jofkfl/s s]Gb| rl/sf]6, lh/L, bf]nvf, l;+u6L, d}gfkf]v/L, tfdfsf]zL, gofFk'n, af3vf]/, b]p/fnL, lsg]{ cflb . k|d'v hghflt g]jfMto k|wfg, >]i7, hf]zL, s'Zn], v8\uL, t'nfw/, yfdL cflb . efo NxfOlk+ g]kfnL, yfdL, g]kfnefiff bf]nvfefiff_ . yg lh/]n j ;'/]n hflt yg lhNnfafx]s d]u' ugg+ g]kfno\ db' . k|Voft JolQmTjx? :yfgLo 6]s axfb'/ >]i7, /ljeQm >]i7, k|lj0f k|wfg, e/t >]i7, zfGts[i0f >]i7, lty{gf/fo0f hf]zL, 8f= cfbz{ k|wfg j u}/ bf]nvfjf;Lx? afj'/fd cfrfo{, wgah| ah|frfo{, 8f= Sof/f]n h]g]6L-bf]nvfof efo laz]if1f_, !=@ P]ltxfFl;s

3

lzNs/f]8 b'u', k|frLg d~h'>Lg]kfno\ ju' nF, Nxf;fof s'6L jg]u' nF nfu' yfo\ :j= afa'/fd+ g+ g]kfof Oltxf; l;s]t jf Rjo\t bf]nvfofu' dRj;] k'jlgdv' wfu' wfk', y'lsof k'nfu' gfF ceok'/ v . bf]nvf k|b]z cGtu{t lju' h'of vf;f h'gf j nfdfju/ j /lr h'of ;Fb] jlgu' nFk' dNnsfno\ pQ/f4{o vg]b'u'2 cy]x] tfdfsf]zL l;yl;y nF h'gf Jofkf/Lt g]kf jo\u' jg]u' ofOjno Yj yfo\ afo\Rjlgu'nflu ;'/lIft h'u' eoqf; db'u' yfo\ h'of ceok'/ wfu' w}u' l;b' . !=# gfdfs/0f g]kfufno\ ;g !$)^ kfv] d';ndfg cfqmd0f ofu' Ono 5Dx hf]lu pldu' kfv] /Iffof nflu lj:o'+ jof Yj yf;o\ jof uf}/L z+s/ lxdfnof b'g] Rj+u' u'kmfo\ Rjgf tk:of ofjno\ eujfg lzjhL+ no\tfgf a/bfg Jo'u'ln+ j hf]uL no\tfgf 5s rflxn]dfn wsf j+ano lgu' nv ts rfXo';f+ jx] yf;o nfu'ln+ u'kmfo\t' lnxfju' yfo\ h'of Yj yfo\of gf+ bf]nfv h'u' . bf]nfv zJbof cke|+z h'of bf]nvf h'u', ltAatL
2

wgjh{ ahf{rfo{ j 6]s axfb'/ >]i7 bf]nvfsf] P]ltxfl;s ?k/]vf

4

gof Oltxf. cy]x] :jlguno ls/fFtof zf. yg cflbjf.+=!^cf}+ lnRjM lg.l5 bF ts Yj 5u' :jtGq /fHoof ?ko\ b' w}u' cg'dfg ofu' b' .+xb]j. uf]laGbb]j.] !& ztfJbLof lnRjMts .o\ Rj+u' lnkf !$cf}+ ztfAbL d'. vf cy{ 5]+ yg oSj x] Njx+of b]u j 5+] b'u' yfo h'of bf]nvf wfu' egfO b' . OGb|l.L gfuj+zLt b'u' cg'dfg b' .] Aofkf/ ofo\t nfdfau/of nFk' vf]no\ofu' Ono\ Vjko\ Rj+lk g]jfM Jofkf/Lt jof Jofkf/ ofju' cg'dfg b' wf. !=$ zf. jof lnkf lj=.+=!^%% kfv] o]+of /fhf lzjl.fdGtL zf.g ofu' jof lnkf jo\sof sfo\ p4jb]j /fhf h'u' Ono\ bf]nvflwklt RjOu' vF l. lhtb]j. g]kfn .Fb] ln. nof cy{ b]u.b' .g ofDx sLlt{l.ndfg+ cfqmd0f ofgf j j:tL Wj:t h'u'nL cfofu' bf]nvf j:tL bos'u' cg'dfg b' .f lj=.gofu' Ono plk. ?kgf/fo0f b]j+ /fHo ofu' v . hogf/fo0f b]j. phf]tb]j.+xg+ leidb]jof 5 . jof lnkf gGbb]j.+x .efo\g+ bf] of cy{ Nxf]x. yg zf.+ bf]nvfoft yu' clwgo\ tof cfofu' ls/fFtL5fk w}u' yf.

Dks{of x'lg hs km/s vg] bju' l. sd cfjthfjt j d]u' g]jf .s+ x] kx jo\s yg Rjlk+ g]jfto\.kfno\ o'4ofgf Tofsf 7s'/fOno\ zf. !=% efoM g]kfdL to.f/ eltrf lal.o\ Ajg]u'ln Xo'kf xof dx]Gb| dNn+ jxof 6s rno\ofu' l.] g]kf gfk+ Njfs5\ofu' vM .f g+ b'jfnf :jo\\\jno\ /xg.fn pNn]v b'u' db' . ltdL k|hfkfq xf}.j] !@. sfrfSs Yj efo\ Golgano\ dy'y]+ vg] b'u' v.g rno\ofu' vM ./xg.!$bF GXo jx] bf]nvfof zf. OltxfF.b' . Plss/0f lnkf k[YjL gf/fo0f zfxg+ Vjkof /fhf /0flht dNnof lhDdfo\ bf]nvf Tjtftu' lj=. t/ yg Rjlkg]u' wfk' sy+ kf}/fl0fs sfn+ kf08jt u'Ktjf.s OGb|l. ltd|f] /Iff u/f}nfÆ wsf kf} 5\jof o'4 x] dof. g]jfM efo\ NxfOu' ljz]iftf b' .+=!*!!o\ bf]nvfo\ Rjlk+ k|wfgto\t ægfnfb'd k"j{ d]/f] cDan eof].f g+ j 6so\ .+ NxfOu' g]jf efo\oft g+ yfo cg'.d'bfo\gfk+ Dxf] .x+h' g+ jxof 6slrgf k|rngo\ xu' clen]v+ k'li6ofu' vg] b' wsf wfk' b'. d]/f] xh'/df cfp.of 6 .

nflu yg jof Rj+u' j pld.+ NxfOu' .+ . 7 . cy]x] Yj efo\ d]u' yfo\Rj+lkG.f+s]lts u'Kt efiff h'of yy] h'ju' wsf wfOu' of .o\s] g+ dHo" :ogf g+ laOdHo" w}u' wfk' g+ b' .

d:ofof syg g]kfb]of ljz]if ofgf g]jftou' l/ltlylt.o\ jgf .DalGwt :yfgLo .lk+ :o"lk JolQmTj lk+s] Gog]sg] ofgf. t/ y'lsof b'Uo+s cWoog cg'.@= . u'NnfF-xLn] hfqf_. l6eL.'. Pkm=Pd= cno\ O{G6/g]6o\ vg]b'u' cWoog ofgf cg.+:s[lt . cy] h'of g]kfn efiff ljifo sof :gftsf]Q/ tludo\ Gxfkfu' bFo cWoog ofo\u' ‰jno\ nf]s jftf{ ljifo\of nflu bf]nvfof nf]s+Xjfu' d"Vo d"Vo hfqfof jf/] cg x] yf.~rf/ dfWod /]l8of].Gwfg ofgf j}1flgs cfw'lgs ?k+ h'ofRj+u' vg] db' . P]ltxfl. cfw'lgs .] g]kfM b]Go+s 5/o\ h'of Rj+u' g]jfto\u' tw+u' lg. y'lsof af/] elt elt cWoog cg'.km' cno kqklqsfo\ lkxfju' Rj.fd'lxs Hof hfqfdfqf. plnhs dv'. plsofjf/] Rjoftu' Rj.'. uf7df8 .Gwfg b'Uo+s h'u' vg] db' .] lrlsrf w+u' 3gf j:tL to\u' k'js wnM j cWoog h'ju' vg] db' .+ Rj+u' rf}nf gvMtdlR5Gb| /yofqf_.+:sf/ cflb ljleGg JolQmut Pj+ .f+:s[lts dxTj+ hfMu' b] vM .s j . rf8kj{ cflbofgf xlndo aoaoh' . . y'ls dWo] bf]nvf g+ 5u' k|fs[lts. .

. of+]bnf k'lg. af8f hfqf-k~rbfg_. v8\uhfqf.fKofvg-ufOhfqf_.306fs0f{rt'yL{_. Tjfsn Kofvg. df3:gfg. kmfu'. >Ls[i0f hGdfi6dL. e}/as'df/L hfqf. lxKkyfdL hfqf. u0f]z rt'yL{.d:of cno\ ofo\dfu' . 9 .dfwfg j lgisif{ GXoAjou' Yj cWoog of d" cfh' vM . sfnL dlGb/ hfqfof af/] j[:t[t ?k+ GXoAjof plsof ._OGb|hfqf_.

s]dkm'. vM hfqf.] g+ :jfk' bO . vf.fd"lxs jf kl/jf/+ ofOu' w}u' ln. gvM cno\ k|efj h'Ou' d]d]u' yfojfo\.' dg" jf hftoflk+ .] hfqf gfk+ oSj d]d]u' ljifo j:t' :jfk' b' .joft hfqf sy+ sof dfg]ofOu' hfqfkj{t GXoyg]u' h'O .] Yj 10 . k'hfcfhf lnSs :jfk'b'u'ln+ u'u' hfqf wsf l.] g+ .] hfqf ofu' sf/0f.' .f+:s[lts kj{ k'hf ljlw cno\ pls dWo] 5' 5' . O of hfgsf/L cfjZos b' . :jjOlk+ofu' jf/] hs dv'. e]ife".#= p2]Zo If]q sfo{ g]jfldtou' .fj{hlgs yf. afhfufhf. /y hfqf.DjGw b' . u'l7 jf JolQmut jf d]d]u' .f+:s[lts kj{gfk+ hfqfdfqf. KofvFhfqf cflb cflb ljljw k|sf/of hfqf b' . j x] em\jno\ 5' 5' ofO uHofu' .o\ bSj d'gf ofOu' kj{. d]nfkj{hfqf. k'hf cfhf dfgo\ ofOu' gvTof Ejo\. . pT. hfqfof z'?jftof g+ hfgsf/L dfu' v . cy] x] hfqfofOu' yfo\.f.f+ . dg"of hfqf.fd]n h'O. cfd ?k+ hfqfjno\ ofOu' Hofem\j. pln hs dv'. ofgf hfqf hs cnu dh'. hfqfof Joj:yfkg. hfqf g+ 5'lsof hfqf ofOu' v Bf]of jf b]jLof hfqf ls.fdfg df. cflb ln.

f/f.f+:s[lts kj{ . hft. . cy] h'of yg bf]nvfof hfqfoft s]Gb|Lt ofgf ljZjljBfno+ pknJwofu' lgodo\ b'g] Rjgf dfu' ljifoof cfjZostf k"lt{ ofou' lsl.+ j0f{g ofgf hfqf ofOu' lb+. . jfhfufhf. hfqf GofOlsu' Ono\ lkmOu' n+ cflbof jf/] j0f{g ofo\u' h'O .. hfqf ofOano\ dfu' xn+Hjn+.fwg 5\onf g]jfM to\u' u'Rrd'Rr Rj+u' 3gf j:tL bf]nvf zx/o\ ofOu' hfqft of .+nUg JolQmofs] jf cfd ?k+ x] :o" plsof hfgsf/L g+ dfu' vM . efusfOlk+ JolQm.hfqfof jf/] u'ln ts cfd ?k+ :o"lk+ b'ls db".+ Oltxf. hfqfjno\ ofOu' . y'lsofnflu kf6g sn]hof k|fWofks gfk+ g]kfn efiff ljifosof :gftsf]Q/ tludo\ Gxfkfu' bFo AjgfRjgflk+ bf]nvfo jgf k]Gx' ts Rjgf pknJw h'lk >f]t JolQmTj j .DjlGwt JolQm u'l7of/ j uGodfGo JolQm lk+s] On+ nfSs Gog] 11 . hfqfln.d'bfo\.ldt >f]t j .d+ l.] :jfk'b'u' d]d]u' gvMrvM k'hfcfhf of jf/]o\ zf/f.fwg pkof]u ofgf JolQmut vr{tof pknJw h'u' >f]t j .+nUg JolQm.:o'lkGs] hs hfgsf/L b'ls jf a'9fkfsf lk+s] hs jf .

f/of hfqfof j0f{g GXoAjou' h'O . Jo'u' .fdfu|Lofu' cfwf/+ j yf.sg]ofgf jo\slk+. 12 .o ofOu' wn cg'.

Lnfn l. dx]Gb|. /]s8{ ofgfu' cl8of]. tLy{ gf/fo0f k/z'/fd hf]zLsfdnf6L_ u'l7of/t. nf]sjftf{ . nfOa|]/L b'u' . ljefluo k|d"v t'N. cjnf]sgof cfwf/+ bosfu' gf]6t Yj k|ltj]bgof cfwf/ vM .km't cno\ OG6/g]6 dfkm{t n'Osf sofu' bf]nvf .+ cflb gfk+ cGt/lqmof h'jno\ d"gfju' gf]6 .+sng ofgfu'. kf6g . ah|d"lg ah|frfo{. k|]d. b]j]Gb| gf/fo0f.fM cno\ hLjg dxh{g.DjlGwt ljifoof . . lel8of]..$= >f]t sn]ho h'u' t'n.of SofDk. g/]Gb| >]i7. xs{ axfb'/ skfnL. cf]dsf/]Zj/ >]i7.km".fdfu|L. 13 . >f]t JolQm+ Sogf gfknfsf Jo'lk+ gfk+ g]g] sg] ofgf d'gfu' gf]6t.DjlGw gf]6t. aL/jxfb'/ hf]uL. k|d'v cdg >]i7. lskf. e/t >]i7. ljifo k|fWofkst pkk|fWofks /fhgnfn hf]zL j z/b s.fdfu|L.+o'Qm SofDk.+ Jo'u' cl8of]. dLg' v8\uL cflb lk+.Llbj. lel8of] . /flht >]i7. bf]nvfo jgf gfknflk+ efh' zfGts[i0f >]i7. gf]6t. d]d]u' .km't.

u'ano\ lg. t/ cg.fg+ psLof k|df0f vg]db' .+ uf]vgfyof u'?.+ 5fof tu' n'Fof k|efd08n j 5q vg] b' . %=!= a'Ëb]p hfqf-dlR5Gb| /y hfqf _ bf]nvfo RjDx a'ËBf]of hfqf rf}nfuf k'GxL r}q z'Sn_s'Gx' lg.Tj.+ Rjlk+g]u' egfO cg'.fnf b]zo\Rj+u' bSj 6f]n rflxsf dfgo\ ofOu' hfqf v .bf]nvfo\ dfgo\ofO{u' hfqft j kj{t dWo] hfqf wsf cfd ?ko\ dfgo\ ofgftu' d" d" hfqfto\u' a[:t[t ?k+ Sjo GXoAjo\u' h'O . cjnf]lst]Zj/. gfnfo y]+ t' yg RjDx a'ËBf] oft cGgbftf j wg jf .]+ u'Gx' ts bf]nvfof a'ËBf]oft k'hf ofgf /yo\ tof .f af}4 wd{ dfgo ofOlkG. nf]s]Zj/ wsf wfO wf. nf]sgfy.DkGgtfof b]jLof ?ko\ sfu' vg] b' .+=!^#*_ r}q s[i0f k/]jfs'Gx' cf]djxfnof leIf'lkG.+= &)!-lj=. o]F. on. s?0ffdo.j] !%) bF Gx]j x] hfqf z'?h'u' v wf.] hfqf z'?h'n wsf :jo\ano\ g]=.f/ Yj l. rf]efM. cfbLgfy. xfsg+ lj=. yg Rjlk+ lxGb"to. kb\dkf0fL g+ wfOu' of .+=!&#* kfv] 14 .+ jf]wL .

v'jfcflb yf. %=!=!= hfqfof k'hf/Lt k|wfg GxfkfnfSs hfqfof nflu nflknfª-j8f g+=$. wdf{l.f sfydf. lnkf hfqf rno ofot yfs'u'ln+ h'h' lujf{0fo'4 jL/ljqmd zfxg+ lj=.b' .+ rf]ofofu' lvkM bosf jgfdfnf-gfuj]nL. Eofrf.+ dfu' .fdfg yfld .+ wfO wf. xof lkËnTjfno /y bo\lsu' HofofO . Gxfkf Gxfkf k'/f k'/f hfu' bolsu' h'. lrs+.+=!*^) kfv] nfndf]x/ nuo\ofgf hfqf rno\ ofs'u' vg] b' . sftLs]. Gxfkf Gxfkf /y bo\lst kF d5\ou' t/ cfMwf.+ GXog] wd{Vjfn -e}/a_lrqsf/L+ RjoftO .~rfng ofo\t u'7Lofu' Joj:yf h'Ow'+s'u' l. cg Rjlk+ yfld lkG. :yfgLo efif+ bsno by'OnfSs tOu' tfxfsu' l.f+ cfjof !! hf oft lrhf ofgf bolsu' ofu' v . n]K6'ª. l. Yj /yof d"Ss+ !! hf bolsu' v . u'd'.o\ Rjlk+ jof /y bols dfu' wsf nfndf]x/ofu' kf}no\ pNn]v ofgftu' b' .x] Yj hfqf . %=!=@= hfqfljlw 15 .+ oft wdf{l.f 5\olnu' z'?ofu' b' .L+ wfO . % j ^_.dfhoflkG.

lnkf ug ugTjfno /y Yog cg Rj+lkg]u' dg'to\u' gvTof h'Ou' v . cno lnkf /yoft bsno GxfkfnfSs yfldto.+ k'hf cfhf ehg sLt{gofgf Ejo gO . sGx] v'Gx' a'ËBf]oft lkËno\ Rjlk+ u'l7of/t.+ lalwk"j{s k'hf ofO . cno cg.+uf/ktf/ ofOu' HofofO . u'efh'.+ofs] to\u' nflu e}/a sfo\t /fhs'n]Zj/ :s'no\ lnpg] Rj+u' kmn]rf jgf cg.+ Rj+u' u'l7 kfv] u'l7of/ lkG.ltu' h'O . b]wM-/fhs'nf]_ Yogls /fhfof tkm{+ wsf /yo\ Wjhfktfsf Ajolsu' l.flk dg't j cg Tjfno\ Rjlk+ dg'to\. cy] h'of pld.Gx sfo\u' ofO . yfstL afhufhf gfk lkËn Tjf ts u'efh' a'ËBf] oft u'efh'+ a'of lkËn Tjf ts o+sf /yo\ laHofsL .GxfkfnfSs k'lGxs'Gx' u'?h+' a'ËBf] oft b]un+ lnsof xof lnSs. yy] k'hf ofo\u' 16 . Rj+u' kmn]rfo\ tof ljlw k'j{s n j b'?+ dxf:gfg ofsf k'hf ofgf cg 5Gx' tOu' v .+ /yo\ yfxfjgf Bf] bz{g ofgf :jfFl.+O tof xfsg k'hf ofgf Eofrf 5Dx aln laO . gvTof g+ .+ . cg y]gls /y . lnkf wdf{l.+ toftu' Vjfkfoft k'hfcfhfofgf /yo xof wdf{l.flnu' Hof GXoHofsf gs5]+ ts ols+ .

.f]Gx' s'Gx' 6l.+.+. cg Bf]oft tof ljz]if tflGqs ljlw cg'.+. k'hfofgf :jfF l.+.fnf ols+ . cy] h'Oano\ Bf] laHofo\ dfgo\ dh'wsf n'Fofu' :jf5f. Gxo\g' b's'Gx' lkËno\ toftu' /y+ a'ËBf] oft lnsfgf ljlwk"j{s k'hf ofgf Bf]oft u'efh'g+ a'of ahfMof d"nF kfv] hs rflxsf afhfufhf gfk+ hfqf ofgf 8f]s'n'ËfRj+u' a'ËBf]of b]uno\ GXog] Rj+u' d08ko\ to\o+ls .+ n'Fofu' :jfF5fof x]o\sf o+ls . yy]x] xfsg+ lgGx' s'Gx' sf]5]{ Tjfno\ RjlkG.rfTjfno\ RjlkG. k]Gx' s'Gx' Rjo\Rj+lkG.Gxsof bSjl. GofGx'b' s'Gx' af}4 :t'kf kfv] nfsf 8'ËnTjfno\ RjlkG.+uf/ktf/ ofgf tOu' h'O . j d08koft h}.t Ogf laof Bf] oft u'efh'+ a'of Yj dGq 17 .f/ b'sfo\u' HofofO . Rjo\Rj+u' Tjfno\ o+lsu' Ono\ oSj t:jfu' kfrf h'u'ln+ o+s]t t.+ l. yy] k|To]s Tjfof k|To]s JolQm km/s h'O . v'Gx' b's'Gx' xfsg+ lkËno\ RjlkG.Tjfnof u'l7oft leGBf]oft df]xgLano\ aln ljof d]of 5\of]+ j 5u' lkmnf lau' ofO .Ss+x] yfs'h' .f laHofO wsf Rjo\ Rj+lkG.+ .L lkG.

>L >L >L lhjhGt' . wfk' sy+ cftSs jfju' j u'Ano u'Ano jfkmo\ j jfkm'lt dju' bF db' w}u' cg'ej sFu' b' .f/ oft p4f/ ofgf ljhofo dfn .+ Rj+lkg] hfqfgvM dfgo ofO wf.4L nfe bPsf ljhofo dfn . ps'Gx' cg.sn oft p4f/ ofgf ljhofo dfn .+.>L >L >L cfgGbbL dBd kf0fL nf]s]Zj/ of /yofqf h'u' k|efjg y'u' . 18 . cy]x] /y :ogls jf uf]t'nls ckzs'g h'O wf/0ff b' . >L >L >L ================================= =================== v8u l. Yj hfqf el/ jfMjOu' hgwf/0ff b' . u'l7of/ hfgf ljz]if k'hf ofgf Ejo\gof hfqf Sjrfols . u'v]kfv] 9n]h'n pu' lbzfo clgi6 h'O wfk' b' . >L >L >L cfgGbbL nf]s]Zj/of cf1f h'n . Aj+Aj+ b'g] ols+ .f axlg ehg lst{g ofgf u'efh'.

@)@^ .+=@)#( . uf]+urf aln ladv' wf. :6f6{ ofano\ :6f6{ h'n xF .+ Rjlgu' g+ of .f pldu' nf v] gof /yoft lyO ts x] dHo" w}u' wfk' b' . jof lnkf efh' k|sfz >]i7of kxn+ :yflgo\ o'jf .fn ts /y dbo\s'. :6f6{ ofodkmof a. lnkf a.d'bfo\. o+lst :6f6{ ofano\ a. hfqfjn ld:t cj.] s'xfjg cno\ j v'Ft g+ s'xfjgf hfls g+ a.Yj hfqf .fdfgtof b'xfFj+ano\ a. 19 .o to\o+s'u' h'ofRjg . eb|enfbld. xfsg+ bSj dg't .o\ dRj+.f/ x] hfqf ofu' vg] b' .fn lg. bSj ofq't Rjgf a. dlR5Gb| u'l7 g+ 5'6 u'l7of bhf{ tu'ln+ u'l7of cfo\:tf Dxf] h'u' v . 5u' v'Fto\u' 5k'Rrn+ Bf]v'of o+sf hflsaf]/fof by'O tof o]Fkfv] o+s]t vf:tL o+sf a. vfrf./sf/+ j u'l7kfv]+ laOdfu' vr{ dju'ln+ lj=. :6f6{ x] dh'n .] vfnL v6\o tof hfqf ofo\dfu' cj:yf ju' v . sfln~rf]s o'jf Snjof .xnxofgf xfsg k/Dk/f cg'.+ lnsfu' h'ofRjg . oSj s't oft+ g+ 8«fOe/+ a. o+ls km}dv't wsf bSj dg't a.fn kfv] a'ËBf] t+u' v .] @)%%. Yjf hfqfof Ono\ vfofu' v]+.

pld. cy] lnkf j zs'gL w}Dx drf tlwsh'of jn gfk+ plk . o+s'u' h'ofRjg . sGx]s'Gx' . u'nLg+ hfqfkj{ vg] b' pls ljj/0f Gxo\Ajof :jo\jno\ g]jfa:tL 3gf Rj+u' yf. cy]h'of v'Flk Uofgf Bf]oft hfls af]/f] lnsfgf bf]nvfof 5u' Soao\ jfG5f]u' h'ofRjg .fdfg lnsfano :6f6{ h'n . lnkf ono\ Olxkf ofgf5\ju' vM .fdfg lnsft .+ cftSs g+ a'ËBf]oft .GXoflst . 8«fOe/+ l.]jf ofo\u' Hof dTjt'gL .g+ v+sf stfdl/ wsf lDxtfRj+u' Ono\ cg.Osf pldt hs dt.+ano :6f6{ aGb h'n .fdrfdoh' 5Dxl.+ g+ cy] .fwf/0f hLjgof km'lkg]u' kl/jf/ tDxL h'of jn .] a. josof eftlk+ g+ Gxfkf tdL dh'u' vM Olxkf ofo]w'+sf tld h'of Gofn h'ju' vM .o uy] ofgf dfgo ofOu' v cy]x] jx] ?k+ elt elt km/s ?k+ dfgo\ ofgf tu' vg] b' t/ sd /Lltlylt h'u' af Gxfkf 20 . xfsg+ bSj s'xfjg . u'ln s't oftg+ :6f6{ h'OFdkm't .'yo\ Soaorf]+u' Bf] zs'gL wfDx ld.sf Bf]oft Ifdf k'hfofgf hfqfofgf b]uno to\ o+s'u' h'ofRjg . v'Fto\.+ Rjlk+ a'9fkfsf vFano Yjnf a'ËBf] wsf l.

cy]. u'nL lhDdf laoftu' Hof yfldto. k'hfcfhf ofo]t u'l7 rno\ ofo\t dfu' xnFHjn+ Hj/]ofo\t dkmofj+u' vg] b' . t/ hfqfof Ono\ co\nf j Yj+ Tjgf NofDx k'RrM Njfk'ofOu' Hof j a'9flkF noF noF w] w] r'nf h'Ou' 5u' afdnfu' lnRjM v .f lnkf jof bo\lslk+ dbof ono\ bo\ls wsf 5\jano\ lrMrfMofgf bo\sf xu' j 5\oano\ ofsg :o+u' h'of rfsds dnfSs bo\sf s'F nfSs bo\sf /y .rno\h'of cf Dxf] h'of Rju' vg] b' k'd+ju' vg] b' .fF :yflgo dg't.+ dofu'.b'u' vM . cfo:tfdAo'u' x'lg Hofofo\ dkm'u' j u'l7g+ 5'6 u'l\7of ?ko\ btf{ h'u'ln+ yu' cfo:tf hfqf rno\ ofot yfs'of j+u' v . 21 .fn]u' Hofofu' t/ cfjof /y of laz]iftf x] h'of k]s'F nfSs 3Mrf bo\sf hfqf ofu' vF l.d+ hs bo\lsu' 3Mrf g+ Gxfkf cfo\:tf b'ano\ aNnfs lwl. afhf yfOlk+g]t laOdfu' 5' 5' ladkm'u'. eQmhg to\u' cf:yf j ljZjf.nfSs bo\lsu' h'.+ ofgf hfqf tlhs xgf jofRj+u' vg] b' . Gxfkf /y !!hf k'/f b'u' lnkf lrhf ofgf vfln Hof rno\ ofo\u' lsl.

/fh's'no jof d]u' k'hf Hjgf sfn/fqLof k'hfoft leGBf]ofyfo\ jlg . lk+un+ g+ 5Dx b'u'rf Hjgf k'hfof jO .L-ulDa/v8\u_ afhfufhf gfk+ rfGxo\ /fOtL jgf lgMn sof xof tn]h' ejfgL jgf u0f]Bf] k'hf ofo\t b'u' 5Dx gfk tof/ ofgf u0f]Bf]of yfo\ jof k'hf ofO . Yj k"hf w+'sf KoGx' ts d]u' aln k'hf ofo\ dHo" . leGBf]oft lslskf.dfofgf k'hfofgf t'o'u' tfxfsu' ktf 5fO .f j.f lnkf leGBf]ofyfo 5HjM b'u'rf alnljof k'hf ofO . cno\ b]jLsf]6 kfv] :jof cgofu' k'hf Yo+s dj tNn] afhf k'ofRjlg . cg g+ 6l.%=@= lxkmfyfld hfqf df]xlgof 6Lsf s'Gx' lxkmfyfdL hfqf h'Ou' v . u'l7of/t gfk+ lk+unTjn+ jlk+ 8f]j/ v.g+ . d's'6 j d]d]u' lt.rf Tjfn+ b'u' Hjgf k'hf ofjO ./sf/L k'hf wsf GofDx d] aln laof k"hf ofO . plk Yo+sf bsno\ Gxfkfnfss sGtLofyfo 5Dx Rjnorf jlnljof k'hf ofO{ wf. Yj w'+sf u'l7kfv]+ . Yj k'hf w'+sf afhfufhf gfk+ /fhs'nf] lnxf jlgano\ k'/fG5] Tjfno\ RjgfRjlk+ lxkmfyfldlkGt :jfF 22 . ps'Gx' tn]h' b]uno\ Rjlglk+ k'hf/Lt.

Gx j k|. d]lk lxkmfyfldlkG. vfgf jlk+ lxkmfyfldt /fhs'n]Zj/ Yog ls dxfg] to. lnkf plk vf vfF lgDx GXog] jlg . lxkmfyfldt ltgwf/fo\ df]Nx'of leGBf] bz{g ofgf Dx vf vf+ b]jLsf]6-lqk'/f. lnkf uKt] lsof lxGx' dfnf lx aoF dnfSs lnsof kmfof lx GxfkfnfSs lxkmfyfld kfv] 5\jfls .'Gb/L_ jgf lrs+g+ Dxoa'nf l. k|fs[lts ?k+ .f lxkmfyfldt 23 . tfkm\j. :jfF tfo clj/ hfls k'hf ofgf 5\ogo\ n'O . kmF.g+ d. j x] Ono\ b]jLsf]6Rjgf h'lu+ dfnL k'ofRjlg .+ k'hfofgf lrs+.dfofgf cg+ lkxfGXo k'hf/L+ tfrf. cg Rj+u' 8jnL bosftu' rqm .l.Gx. cg lnkf lxkmfyfldt b]jLsf]6o\ jlg u'l7of/t /fhs'n]Zj/ jgf k'hf l. b]jLsf]6o\ Rju' u0f]Bf]oft k'hf l.wo\ls .fb ljO .+ u'lnl. cjL/ j km]6f lrgf Nxfto ldKjf Rofsf HjGs] la .fGx ltgf ljleg j.gf dfnL k'ofRjgL wf.+ lxsof Dx't'O tof :js rflxnf Dx't' l.ln .wo\sf Sjft'Ss lrgf tDx d] oft d" xfo\ls . pld.fn Hjlg u'ln+ cy] x] vf vfF No"No" jlg . cno\ plk+ ldKjf GXog] lnpg] hj+ vj+ jfF5\jof aflsb'u' ldKjf Dx't'Otof lkg] Tjfno\ jlg .

xfsg+ pu' x] Ono\ lqk'/f./sf/L l6sfg+ wfou' of . j x] Ono\ gfo\t bSjl. Wogf df]Nx'of lglrofgf gfk+ d]lk+ 5u' k'RrM k'/fG5]jof Rjgf RjgL 24 .fdfu|L Hjgf bSjl.Gx To' jg]u' rng b' . Yj w'+sf ltgL yMyu' s'Nof0fof l.'Gb/L kfv]+ cg x] :jof dlbSs sf08jrf-8d?_ yfgf Rjg]df . lhDdjfn. gu/ k|d"v afhfufhf gfk+ 6Lsfof . lGxgo !@ ah]of Ono\ /fhs'n]Zj/+ k'/f]lxt gfk+ u'l7of/.8jnL Sjo\ tof lrgftDx d]oft :js rflxnf Nxfto Rj+u' sl7\7 :js bfO .+ cgRj+u' d]oftf 8jnL Rjo\ o+sf lxGx' dfnf rfgf lxlnsof cg toftu' lgu 38foft nfSs lx Dx'ls .o lnxfjlg .t ltOs]ofnflu lkxfjof ltls h'g . lnkf klZrd kfv] Rj+u' lv+urfof lx6L jgf df]Nx'of yu' yf.g+ afhf yfgf u0f]z Tjfno b'u' aln gfk+ rfn+ k'hf of jlg . k'hf l. lnkf h'uLto.+ vfgf n'l.wnls s'F lkg] 5\jof xO cno\ yfo\u' Hof aGb h'O . k'hf ofOano\ s'Flkxfdjos ld+ Rofs] df wf. lxkmf yfdLt 8'Dsf]6+ dxfgjdLs'Gx' kf RjlgDx lgDx .'Gb/LO+ kfv] afns'df/Loft k'hf of jlg .f lqk'/f.

lxTjlg lkGt gf8L j 5\of+ HjlgDx]l. %=#= v8uhfqf k|frLg sfn+lg. o1 ofu' yf. bfgj lkG. leGBf]ofyf to\ o+ls . hfqfo\ . cno\ sfn/fqL s'Gx' leGBf]of yfo\ k]Dx d] alnljof dlxiff.+ xu' :jf+ b]jLsf]6.o\ bfgjt jof ljWj+.'/of u0f :ofOu' wsf k'hf g+ ofO .] Bf] j bfgjof Njfk'of ljifo\ oft sof Bf]to\.cno\ pld.+ bfgjoft k/fit ofu' x'lg Yj v8\u hfqf z'? ofu' vg]b' .f/ afhfufhf gfk+ sfln~rf]s eujtLofs] Ujfxflnsof lnxfjof /fOtLRj+u' tLgwf/fof GXog] o1 ofO .t 6fps] wfO . of]hgf cg'.'/ bfgjoft :ofo\dfu' of]hgf bo\s'u' vM .+nUg h'OlkG. bsno\ GxfkfnfSs /fhs'n]Zj/ Bf] lnSs rq m8jnL rqm]Zj/ anL/fhfof d"lt{ bo\sf h'uL lkG. ofu'ln+ o'4of z'?jft ofu' n'dlGt Yj hfqf h'ju' w}u' lsDjblGt b' . lxkmf yfld b]jL eujtLof axfg g+ wfo\u' of .+ ljlwk"j{sf k'hfcfhf ofgf d] aln laO .+ dg"to\t b'Mv Jo'u'ln+ Bf]lkg]u' uf]Ko .ef ofgf dlxiff. 25 .+ t'o'u n+ j hfdf cno\ hoF hlGx lrgf.

Yj k|.+u dlxiff.+ yfgf RjoRj+u' ljxf5]]{ j SjoRj+u' laxf5]{ Tjfn+ Bf]h'lkGt sfjOu' h'O . hfqfBf] h'Olk+G. Rjo\Tjfn+ jlk+ :jDx ofgf Gxo\Dx cg+ lkxfjO . cg b'u' k'hf ofgf /fIf. eujtL h'Dx. dGqL. /fhfof kfnf] kx/f lgDx. . jof No" lgDx c+u/Ifs.]gfklt h'ODx ofs/u7fof j+zh gfk+ bsno\ lnkf leGBf] oft ljDx aln g+ bO . bSj sf]5]{ Tjfno\ lnxfFjg s'Nof5]+ b'xfjlg cg+ lnkf /fhf.f lgDx-v8\u .'yo\ GxfkfnfSs sf]5]{ Tjfn+ 5u' ljz]if lsl.dof afhf d'xfnL j gfolv+ yfgf s'Zn] j v8\uL lkG. v8\u hfqfo\ bsno\ Gxfkf d"VoDx v8\HjlgDx.+ v8\u Nxflt Hjgf df]xgLof rfn+of sGx] PsfbzLs'Gx' . Rjo\ laxf5]{ kfnflkG. Ejo\ gls w'+sf yfFt+ 5Dx.km]6f g+ 5\ogo\ lrgf gnL:jfFdf Sjvfof tO .+ afh+ yflkGt j Bf] h'lkF snfsf/lkGt Ejo\gs]dfu' rng b' . cno\ :jDx ld. cg w'+sf plk /fhs'n]Zj/ kfv] jgL .lxt_. sf]t+ 5Dx j 8fF8fyf]s+ 5Dx ofgf :jDx km]6f lrgf tlk+ lkxfjO .'/ aw ofot h' h'+ y DXofo\lk sfo\s] 5\jofxu' wsf wfO .of Vjf Rjoftu' aln laOw's'+Dx b'u'rf kf5fof 26 .

lkxfjof KofvF x' x'+ bSj Zofd. ln:Tjf. Yj Hof h'Ow'+sf Rjo\Rj+u' Tjf.'Gb/. eujtL h'ODxl.]gfgfos_ lkxfFjO .rf Tjf Yo+sjlg . cg lnkf :jDx+ KofvF x' x'+ Sjo\ lk+unTjfno\ Rj+u' s'df/L5]F jgf ljlw ljwfg cg'. jx] ‰jno\ KofvF x' x'+ bSj hfgf /fIfzoft :ofo\u' clego ofO .]gfgfos lnSs kfMrf]g]t jlg .j dfgo\ofO .jfª_ Yo+sf /fIfzof lrq Rjoftu' rfof yn HjgfjDx g+ No" No' jO . 6l. b'g] k'hf ofgf lgDx lxkmfylglkG. lnkf 5u' k'Rr b]jLsf]6o\ b'xfFjlg . cg bSj d'gf Tofu' wsf xiff}{nf. eLGBf] of 8anL jgf leGBf] b]uno\ Yo+s jlg .+ /fIfzof lrq Rjoftu' rfof lgu 27 .f d]lkg]u' Nxfto v8\u bO . cg y]gls /fhfof kf Rjlk+ .f/ k'hf ofgf lnxf jO wf. bsno\ lnkf ofs/u0f-. jof lnkf b]jLs]f6 kfv] jlg .of Nxfto\ kf5fu'Nxfto j d]u' Nxfto 9fn bO wf. cg rflxn] w'+sf Gx]v{'g' :ofgf toftu' :j+u d]of 5\ogo v8\u+ kfnf :ofo\u' clego\ ofO .f jof lnkf afn dlGb/of Gx]jg] Rj+u' Kosfno+-sfFl.cfGb|fof dfnf Sjvfof GxfkfnfSs lkxfFjO . ofgf pT. Yj :jo\t oSjx] dg't cg d'+ jO .

g+ kft'kfnf 28 . cg lnkf lv+unrfo bSj jlg . WjfFo\of v8\u Hjgftlk+ cg'.+ d. kfnfr'tLoflk+ :jDx v8\u Hjgf lkxfFjO . ehg ofOlkG. lzjelQm lkG. cg toftu' lgu' d]of 5\o+ j d]u' jln vFvfgf bSjl. bsno lnkf al6+vf/f s'xfjO . lnvG5]. plkF bSj Kofv+ x'x'+ b'+Ufnof gf6]Zj/ kfv] jlg cg ehgk'Rr g+ ehg ofgf RjgL . lnkf ln:Tjf.f cgx] ofs/u0f. cno\ tfxfsu' v8\u Hjgf cfGb|fof dfnf Sjvfof km]6f lrGxf k'nfFu' nF lkmgf al6+vf/f lkxfjO . ehgof tfno\ Kofv x'nf afhfgfk+ n8fOofo\u' clego ofgf lgu' k'Rrno af8]h'O .+ cg toftu' d]of 5\o+oft kfn+kf ofgf kfnf 8jln+ Sjo s'xfjO . al6+vf/ gfkd k]Dx yfxfjgf vfgf Rjlg 8jnL Sjo\ rfslxs ehgof tfn+ d]lk+ v8\u Hjgf tlk+ g+ vfgfRjlg .fn Rofsf lk+un h'sf rqm 8jnL jO wf. ofs/u0f j d]lk+ k]Dx lkxfjO . bsno Gxfkf WjfoF Hjgftlk jO .+ dfn>L w'g Gofo\sf Rjlg .f/ km/s km/s h'O .yn j lgu d] of 5\oF Hjgf lkxfjO gfk gfk+ k'hf/L+ hfls Xj Xj+ lkxf jO . bsno\ lnkf e}/a. 8jln Rj+lkG.

l. lk+un Tjfno dfnL hs k'of Rjlg wf. åfblz s'Gx' 29 .e+' Yo+sf 5u' k'Rr b]jLsf]6 kfv] j 5u' k'Rr /fhs'n]zj/ kfv] jg]t 5'6\o\ h'of nfOg Rjlg .f /fhs'n]Zj/of GXog] nFo+ snz. cg lnkf b'+uno bSj+ jlg . bSj s'Nof0fo g++ k'hf ofOu' v . y'u' k|sf/+ v8\u hfqf sf]rfols . lnkf Toft wsf bSjl.M Hof nuo\ h' wfk' b' .fdfg tof/ ofgf l7Ss ofgf tO . cy]x] t' b]jLsf]6o\ j lk+uno\ g+ j x] k|lqmof ofO .wMu' j d]d]u' No+b'u' jfF5\jOu' rng b' . toftu' e'o'kml. al5 al5 ofgf lgv] jlg .Njfk'h'u' clego ofO .O eujtL h'Dx]l. ehg oflk+ afhf yflk+ bSjl.wo\sf e'o'kml.g+ xif{ofgf afhfof tfn g+ ljho\of tfn yfOu' ofO . j x] Ono\ ljbfOofo\u' wsf nzs'z ofgf ldvfof Ozf/f+ labf km\jlg .g+ kfln . lnkf bSj v8\u /fhs'n]Zj/o\ tO . v8\u Hjgfjlk+ Yogls e"tk|]t kG5o\ofgf cg toftu' e"o' kml.of s'rf sfo\t n'6fn'6 h'O j gnls jf. kmF.'gfg+ dv+s rfGxo k'hf l.g GxfkfnfSs kfln cno\ lnkf bsjl. lnkf yMyu' s'Nof0fo jlg . l. j x] lbg s'Gx' s/s jfg5f]o\u' wsf .t Ejo\ gls . tfrf j k'hf.

jx] Ono\ em\ofno\ :jof k'hf/L RjgL cno\ b]u rflxnf lxkmfyfdL+ j bFo afFnfO. hfqf SjrfO .b]jLsf]6o\ lxkmfyfdL lkGt Ejo\gsf ljbf ofO . 30 . b}jL k|sf]k cflbof eljiojf0fL g+ ofO . afFnfdh'O. Yj w'+sf leGBf] bz{gofgf 5] lnxfjlg .'Gb/L_ b]uof KoVo em\ofn 5fO{ . gs] w'+sf nKt]xno\ Ejo tof b]jLsf]6o\lqk'/f.

Ss+ kx ju' vg] b' .a] lal. lzjelQmofhft--Bf] h'Olk+_ lGxgo afns'df/L Bf]ofyfo\ jgf tflGqs ljlwk'j{s b'u' k'hf ofgf u'l7of/ ysfln+ e}/jof d's+no xfs'u' cno\ afns'df/Lof d"s+-Vjfkf_no Xofpu' l.] ifi7L s'Gx' ts Yj Kofv+ SogL .fofof sGx]_ s'Gx' lg. vl/Kofv+-zf:qLo .Gx l6sn ls ltgL blR5ts s'Nof0fo\ toftu' d's+ lkt]xO . Yj hfqf u'ano\ lg.+ Rjgf k'hf cfhf ld. dflhkf 8fs. /f. s[i0fnLnf. -k|x. lGxgo\ Do] xfnf Kofv+ x'Ou'.+ ofO ldhlkG. hfdf l.+uLtof Kofv_.g nfv].db' .lnnf Solg wf.f rfGxo\ afhfufhfof tfno\ e}/j j s'df/L gfk+ k'RrM hfgf o'4z}nL+ Kofv+ x'lnu' ofO{ . efb|s[i0f låtLof-. Gxfkf+ u'l7oft.] ifli7 ts Gofrf h'Ou' hfqf v .gf l.h ofu' dxfBf]of ln+Uf Hjgf e}/aofu' d's+ 31 .+ kf7ofgf k'hfofgf z'?ofO{u' Yj hfqf d]u'yfo\ l.'/of Njfk'of jf/]of afvFof cfwf/o\ bo\sftu' bf]nvfof s'df/L e}/a hfqf vM .%=$= s'df/L e}/j hfqf b]ju0f j c.flkG. Yj hfqf efb|s[i0f låtLof lg. yMyu' dgof OR5f k'jlg wsf cj.] z'?h'u' l.

&= l6Fa'-WjfoF @= s'df/L. d"Ss+ !@Dx u0f j 5Dx u'efh' bO .k'of GXog] Xog] jof lnkf Xofpu' hfdf k'gf afns'df/Lof d's+ k'of yMyu' xltof/ Hjgf !$Dx gfk gfk+Rjgf afhfof tfno\ Kofv+ x'Ou' v .'gfg+ hfqf :jOdv' .]gfklt_ !)=rfsn %= hfnªs'!!= r's'n hfMKo]lDx_.f e}/j j afns'df/L oft afFnfSs . ysfNgL_.ho\ofgf k'/f u0f tof Kofv+ x'Olsu' HofofO . Gofg' dWo] Gxfkfu' lb+ e"t k|]t oft Solgu' wsf ./up-. !@= e}/aof afxg. plk y'sy+ b' . Yjs'Gx'of hfqfo pln l. sGx]s'g'ofu' hfqf wf. !#= s'df/L afxg 32 . != e}/j.fdfg HjlgDx_.HjlgDx_.+uf/ktf/ g+ ofOdv' cno bSj u0f g+ bOdv' . $= . *= af/g a'-d]u' #= glsg. x}Fuf}_. ^= gf. (= u'efh'.8]ªu'-Gxfo cno w]lgDx_.

cno afns'df/L h'ODxof Xofpu' d}g Vjfkf. uno 5\o+dfnf.sy+ k'gf tO . xfs'u' hfdf.L j nF Nxfxfto sfkm]lgu' lkm/]lkm/] km]n' j sly bO . t'o'u' tkfnF .f/ 33 . lt. hfKolgDx]l.f GXog] lnof dxfBf]of lnË HjgftO. e}/jof xfs'u' /+uof d}g Vjfkf.e}/a j s'df/Lofu' ljl.8]ª+ xfs'u' d}gVjfkf k'O .g+ Xofpu' d}g Vjfkf jfpu' 3fFoof nF lkmgf tO .f. Xof+pu' x] hfdf. jxofu' c+u' GXofgftu' bO . glsgof Xofpu' k6f. xfs'u' x] rd/ . s'df/L dg' :ofgf go\u' clego\ ofOjno\ e}/ajof n+ kgf lau' clego\ ofgf afhfof tfno\ Kofv+ x' x' b]rflxlnu' ofO . Nxfxfto\ e'hf.Fof ?ko\ SjoYo+s jo\sftO wf. bsno\ lnkf e}/as'df/Lof jfxg+ xfs'u' j Xofpu' nF hfdf 5l. åfk/o'uof Ono\ bf]nvf jhf/o\ afns'df/Lg+ b'Mv laof lGx 5Dx dg' gOu' h'of Yj hfqfof rng ofu' v .]gfkltofs] t'o'u' nF j hfdf.nuof jO .'?jf k'gf Nxfxfto 9fn j tnjf/ Hjgf .f k'gf tu' bO . gf. . dg'to\t b'Mv dh'ODx wsf tflGqs ljlw cg'.Ss+ x] yMyu' tfn j yMyu' x] kxg+ Kofv x'lnu' rng b' . dfnf. lt.

fto. tflGqs ljlw ofODx u'efh'.+ k'hf ofO . hf k]lgDx. xltof/ Hjgf jOlk+ . . afns'df/L j . y'lsof nflu u'l7of a'Fof Joj:yf Gxfkf ofgftu' v .n uODx.d'bfo\ oflk+ hs hfqfo\ .+ kfnDkf ofgf rl5 dlbSs 9f]ns yfOu' Hof h'O .wo\sf lzjelQm vns+ bSjl.t Ejo\glsu' ofO .'Gb/L b]uM. e}/a. yy] hfqf Zofd. 34 . lqk'/f. a'9Ldf.'/Iff sldlk+ gfk+ d]lk !#Dxofu' 5u'k'Rr clego\ofgf TjfTjfno\ j 8jnL jgf Kofv+ x'lnu' ofO .rfTjfno u'l7 5\oFo d'gf cj.+ Rjlglk+ ld.+= %*)ofu' bf]nvfof Rj+u' clen]v cg'. knrf]6L. WjfFo HjlgDx.'Gb/ Tjf. g]=. Yj hfqf lzjelQm . u0f]z.+Rj+lkg] kfn+ ofO lnkf 9f]ns yfgf . e}/a gfk+ a'9Ldf.xgfO-d'xfnL_ k'of e}/a h'ODx GXog] jlg . eLGb]uM. gf/fo0f.k'hfofgf Gxfkfu' lbF s'Gx' 6l. yy] !#Dx afhfyfO{lkG.]gfd]gf wsf nx/} gfk >[uf/k6f/ ofgf tof tO . b'+unTjfno\ Solgu' vM . cj. hfqf l.f/ ygRj+u' hfqf dWo] bsno\ k'nf+u' vg] b' .f afns'df/L GXog] u'ano\ g+ o+ls dHo'u' wfk' b' . ZjoDe' Tjft.fd]n h'O wf.

35 .

o\ jgf bf]nvfo\ jg]t Ogfk oft .'Gb/Lofu' yfo\ to\ wsf wfano\ tSo]x] dWo] sfln~rf]s-dfOnL_ cg Rjg] dv' wsf lbbLoft vg] bOu' yfo\ 8f8f Rjg] wsf cfofu' 36 .f d:t dv':o] b]jLt wsf l. cy] h'of pldt o+sf bf]nvfo\ to\b'.%=%= afns'df/L j e}/jof afvF ufOhfqfof sGx] låltof s'Gx' lzjeQmL vn tf]so\ ofgf JolQmvns afns'df/Lof hfqf ofOu' vM . Gxfkf= nf dfgo\ dh' lnkf tflGqs ljBf+ dxgL tano\ dfgo bf]nvf jg]t dfgo h'n t/ tfdfsf]zL j uf}/Lz+s/ lxdfn vg]bOu' yf.Osn . tflGqs b[li6 :jano plk+ ld.+ :jDx ld.f le+ h'Owsf pldu' yf. 5Gx' jx] ‰jno\ pld.+ g+ Ho' wsf x]o\sf Ajgf xn .fDx drft v'zL auno\ lDxtf Rj+u' vg . bfh'lshf lkG. bf]nvfof bsno\ GxfkfnfSs d"a:tL h'u' 8'Ën Tjf oflk+ bfh'lshf lgDx lGx lGx tfdfsf]zL Rj+u' gfubxno\ lgTo df]Nx'of lgnM Hjgf leGBf] k'hf ofOuj' h'of Rjg . Rjlgu' zt{ tn . cfofu' lqk'/f. tfdfsf]zL b'+unTjfof dg't df]Nx'of Rjv lg lr ofgf jof jfns'df/L k'hf of jOu' v .

lqk'/f .o lGxlGx tlgu' h'ofRjg .f afns'df/L 37 .'n]t jg . e}/a h'ODx g+ afns'df/L h'ODx g+ ldh h'.f e}/a h"ODx afns'df/L h'OdTo wf.sfln~rf]sof 8fF8fo\ Rj+jg . Yjx] Ono\ tflGqs dGqAjgf jof yDxoft 5'r'of lzvM j jfns'df/Loft g+ ofu' lzvg+ lrgf Nxf]xg+ Nxfsftu' h'ofRjg .'nfsf. 5'r'+of lzvg+ Ro'Dx yfxf+jof lgDx bfh'lshf ldno\ h'of ufno tUju' Nxf]xt+ Nxfsfysn . cno lGx 5Dx bf]nvfof dg'g+ tlgu' h'n . cy]h'of afns'df/L+ x] dg' gMu' h'Owsf z+sf sof if8oGq ofgf jfns'df/L jOu' no+ ufDx'of tof afns'df/Loft . lnkf oSj x] Vjo\u' xflnu' ofu'ln bl5of Gofg' ts nflu lzvM km]gf ljOu' wsf Tjt'ano\ g+ xfsg Gofg'ts 5Dx 5Dx dg' tlgu' h'n .f lDxtM jlgu' wsf x]sf xof lDxt' lDxt' sfG5fDx lshf j afns'df/L jx] ufno\ . cy]h'of lnkf e}/a cf/fwgfofgf Gxfkf Gxfkf e}/a tof lnkf lnkf afns'df/L tof hfqf ofgf d}gof d's+ bosf hfqfofOu' rng h'u' vM .'Gb/L-h]7L_ j jfns'df/L-sflG5L_ oft cg x] tn . sflG5Dx afns'df/L g+ cgtu' yf.

h'ODx wf.Dks{ tof yu' Tjfno afhfufhf yfo\sf Kofv+ x'o\sf ljz]if k'hf oftls dg+ t'gfu' OR5f k'jlgu' j . b' .of xfs'u' klx/g j afns'df/L h'ODxl. 38 .] nf]k h'Ou' cj:yf Yo+u' vM .+ Rj+lkGt s]g]t hfqf ofO .'F bL3{Njo b'. e}/a h'ODxl.f j n+Sot Aoj:yfkg gfk+ . k~rdL j cj.'g+ dg'to\. Kofv+ x'lnano\ Kosno\= Rj+lk e't+ kgf x}/fg ofu'ln+ GxfknfSs e"toft s]gf e"t kG5o\ofgf u'efh'+ dGq AjAj+ rf}yL. Gxfkf+ ofu' lbg e"toft s]lgu' wsf hfqf ofOu' Ono\ .'vM j zflGt h'O wOu' ljZjf.+ hfqf :jOdv' . s'df/L e}/j hfqf ofOlkg]u' lzjeQmof j+zht Dxf]h'of bf]nvf hfqfofo\t dfu' Nofo\Dx duf u'ln+ hfqf dh'.f e}/ah'of Kofv+ x'O ofo\Ho' . hfxfg kl/jf/o\ . hfqf :jOjno\ Bf] 3o\k'tls Njo\ nlgu' wfk' b' .of Xofpu' klx/g k'lgu' vM .

wnAjfou'.fKofvg. YjOno\ lgu' yl/ ofu' nfv] Kofv+ x'Olsu' v . lGxgo\of nfv]g+ dg't gOu' wsf lngf o+lsu' j bfou' clego ofO wf.'yof b]p pOb]rflxn]u'_. y'sL uf7df k'hf-306fs0f{_ s'Gx' lg. GofGx' -efb| s[i0f låtLof lg. u'gk'lGx s'Gx' 8\jfs' 8fs. . >fj0f z'Sn qof]bzL s'Gx' bSjl. axgL x'lnDx nfv]ofu' tfnafhfof tfn j g[To km/s h'O . lGxgo hf]+u 8fs.] ifi7L ts _ e}/s'df/L hfqf j bsno\ lnkf s[i0ffi6dL s'Gx' s[i0f hfqf ofOu' hfqf vM . wsf tw+Dxnfv] KofvF.%=^=u'NnfF-lxn]hfqf_ u'nf hfqfof em\jno nfv] lksfO . d]. u'Fnf el/ tfxsu' hfqf lxn] hfqfof ?ko\ dfgo\ofOu' v . lGxgo hf]ª 8fs. 8fkfvnt sfln~rf]s jlgu' . Yjs'Gx'of KofvF afnfOu' h'of Psbd x] oSj dg"t :j jOu' 39 .f axlgof nfv]g+ gow'+sf cf/fd sof dgf]/~hg ofu' clegoofgf Kofv+x'Olsu' v. k'v'/Hjfn] wsf k'v'nL. Tjfsn KofvF.g 5]+ 5]+ Ejo\gow'+sf nfv] lksof Kofv+ x'Ols . j axgL nfv] hfqf.]+ . pks/0f k'hf.:of?.

pks0f{ u'l7.sfo\ e"ofO . e}/a s'df/Lof hfqfo\ Rjlglk+ lzjelQm k'Rrg+ hfqf Rjlglk+ j km'ls bfh'lshflk+ d'gf gfOs] Noof yyu' Hof g+ OgfsfO . ps'Gx' Sjo\ofu' j Rjo\ofu' Tjfof ehgofOlk+ j 8fkf vnMt hfgf sfln~rf]s jlgu' k'Rr tof/ h'O . tn]h' b]u . lnkf Gx]/s'Gx' :ofu' d]of 5\o+ d'gf efunuo\ ofO .+ sGx] s'Gx'oft ofo\dfu' hfqfof nflu tof/L ofO .t Gxo\u 5\o+ al5 al5ofgf !$ efuofgf ljOu' rng b' . bf]nvfo\ RjgfRjlkG.kmf ofOlk+ bSjl. Ejo\ bo\sf bSj Bf]oft Ejo\ 5fof 5]+ 5]+ bSj kl/jf/ d"gf Ejo\ gO . lgu' Tjfof 8fkf vnM k'v' .kmf ofODx. tlwsDx nfv]. a'+uBf]of hfqfano\ rfGxo\ nfu' yf. yMyu' k'Rrg+ efu sof yu' lhDdf cg'. wnAjfODx.f/ ofo\dfu' Hof Ogf sof l.o\ Tjf k"hfo\ Rj+lk+ u'l7of/ lkGt :j+u d] of 5\o+ al5 al5 ofgf laO .h'O .o\ ljz]if k"hf ofo]t v'u' yf. hfqfofnflu tof/L g+ ofO . cg jlglkGt go\u' Tjlgu' aGbf]j:tofgf afhfufhf gfk+ kfvntL ts to\ o+lsu' h'O . 40 . rt'b{zL s'Gx' db"lk+ lkt[of gfdo\ bfg ljof. s'df/L hfqf.

knfr'6L. u0f]Bf] j knfr'6L Yo+sf xfsg+ Rjo\Rj+u' :jo\De" r}Toofyfo\ jgf lj. b]ljsf]6. gs5]+. rqm8jnL Yo+sf lgu' k'Rr h'of Sjoof Tjfoflk+ k'Rr gf/fo0frf-/fOtL.BM. Zofd.rf. Yj lksfo w'+sf knfr'6L Tjfn+ df:s] vnM jf lnvG5] 41 .-tlwDx_ KofvF lksfo\u' tof/ ofO . tn]h' ejfgL. leGBf]. Yjs'Gx] sfln~rf]s jgfjlk 8fkfvnMoft nzs'. 6l.'Gb/ Tjf /fOlt.h{g ofO . 8'+un:joDe". ehgvn gfk+ kfvntL jlg . lGxgo bf]nvfo\ b'Mv Ao'lkGt gi6ofgf lnxfjof ljhof]T.axgL Blgu' Ono\ Aof oft hfglsu' wsf 5u' u'l7of/+ bf]nvfof bSj a'Fofu' gfF sof hf bf]kfto 5fo\ olg . 8f]s'n'+uf-a'+uBf]_. sflnBf]. sGx] u'0fk'lGx s'Gx' Hjgf lrOu'. Sjflt Tjlgu' Hofofgf dfgo\ ofO . Rjo\ jlglk+ k'Rr gS5]{. ofo\t Sjo\ j Rjo\ Tjfno\ Rjlk+ afhfufhf. lk+un dxfBf]. u0f]Bf]. gf.h{g ofO . af}4r}To. sf]5]{Rj+u' :joDe"r}To Yo+sf k'hfcfhf ofgf lj. tlwsDx nfv] sf]5]{ of k'nfu' 5]Fvf lksfO . jof lnkf hs 8\jfs' 8fs.j ofo\u' wsf cg+ WjfoF Hjgf jlkGt gfk gfk+ :joDe".

cg Yosf uf]s'n w'k Otf Roflsu' k|rng b' . lnkf afhfyfOlkGt Ejo\ gls . nfv]oft Nxf HjlgDx lgDx bfp/]-VofnL_ j d]lk+ bfp/]oft Hjgf lrsf o1ofOlk+ lnxfjlg . nfv]g+ :jofRjlg .Tjfof >]i7 vnM-pks0f{ u'l7_ofkfnflk+ d'gf tLgwf/f j gf/fo0frfo bo\sftu' o1 s'08o jof o1 ofO .f KofvF x'of Rjlgu' Ono\ :t'k GXog] laz]if lsl.tLb]jL o1s'08o\ SjAjfu'nL dxfBf]+ g+ tF lksof o1 42 . :js ts wnAjf AjfF k'v' jf/kf/ ofo\w'+sf tn]h'b]uof GXog] Rj+u' af}4 :t'k jgf Rjgf Rjlg . lnkf 8jnL 8jnL KofvF x'of gf. 8fs. lnkf Rjo\ Tjfof leGBf]of 8jnL jgf KofvF x'g]kfofDx dg" u'l7of/of 5]F jgf blIfgf sof xfsg+ Gxfkf lksfu' 5]+ x] nfv] b'tols .f/ . o1 ofow'sf /fgLk'v'nL jlg .dof gfr afhf lxsf-VjfO sfo\g_ KofvF x'Ols .BMof b]u GXog] KofvF x'jlg . xfsg o1 s'08o nfv] xO . j x] Ono bSj ljlw ljwfg k'jg] w'+sf 5Dx k'v'nL SjAjfO . nfv] wf. nfv] :j:yfgL afvF cg'. cg jof KofvF x'of o1s'08 :jof lnxf jlg . nfv] KofvF x' x'+ cg x] jO .

] :jfk' b' wfu' b' . dfnL.u' pknIo 8\jfs' 8fs.u' b'lk+ kl/jf/t kfv]+ hf]uL h'of jO .f b]jL 7s'g l. ‰ofnLof tfno\ bf]nvf b] Go+s rflxnf.fkf?of ?ko\ 306fs0f{ u'7L k'rM Sjo\ j Rjo\ Tjf 5'6\oofgf hfqf ofOu' v .fofgf. cy]x] d]u' lsDabGtL cg'. b'? GXofOu'.+ b'Mvhs Ao"u' x'lgofgf sfln~rf]s eujtLofyfo\ z/0f jg+ .ljWj+. . 8jnL KofvF x'nL . ofot jL/eb| j dxfsfnL pTkGg ofu' j xg'dfg+ n+sf Rofs'jno Gx'Ko+ :ofu' ln.sof ld.fof ?ko\ 5\o+u'nL Goof lgDxoft .'l4 o1 ofu' g+ wf . lzjelQm h'of o1 ofgfRj+Dx b]jL vgf la:o"+jgf k'v'nL SjAjfgf l. b'? GXofOu' ynM cflb Hjgf Kofv x'x'+ rflxn]u' ofO .hjfM ofgf 8f]sf].s+ x] Kofv+ x'nf ju' w}u' egfO b' . df df+ ju' Ono\ j /fIf. . to. d[b+u. lgDxoft .-tlwsDx nfv]_ v'zLh'of lal.foft 43 . WjfoF j ktf Hjgf b]jLoft x]o\sf b'MvAo"Dx /fIf.f KofvF efb|s[i0f k|ltkbfs'Gx' . Yj gfk+ gfk+ Yj bFo l.u' !@Gx' b's'Gx' 3/. %=^=!= . 7]sL.f/ /fIf. pks0f{ u'7L+ bf]nvfof zf.

bsno\ Gxfkf+ Rjlglk+ s[i0f j uf]lkgLoft ljz]if k'hfofgf ls. yy] oftls l. 3\o wsf :js'ld lkGt rfgs]t laO xOu' cflb Ao+Uo g+ ofOu' v . ps'Gx' x] d]d]u' KofvF wfg gfr.f/ u'ln+ lGxnf Vofn Sogf hfqf dfgo\ ofO .Ou' 5]vf+ ehg Do] zf]sof Do] xfnf Kofv+ x'nf u'ln+ Vjof clegoofgf yMyu' lzk cg'. dfnL k'of n:s/+ Rjgf Nxfxfto Hjgftu' sly+ Njfsf Kofv s]gL .lk+ cfTdf ps'Gx' hs od/fhof Wjfvf rflnu' h'of .wols .g. %=^=@= Tjfsn Kofvg . l. 5v] uf]lkgL d]v] s[i0fof e]ifo\ bO . nfv] Kofv+ g+ Tjf Tjfn+ lksfOu' v . 44 ./f. emofnL. b'? wsf gfEoft jf+5f]Ou'.VofOu'.fofs'Gx' rfGxo Tjfsn KofvF-!^)) uf]lkgL j s[i0fof KofvF_of ?ko d[b+u. xfsg hf]uL h'lkGt 5]vf klQs+ leIff ljOu'. Yj Kofv+ lk+un Tjfof 8jnL z'? ofgf bSj b]u j b] r}To rflxnf cg x] jgf l.nL 5fo\ z'? h'O . JoUofTds k|x./ jlg w}u' wfk' b' .

f/ bf]nvfo\ Rjlk+ u'l7of/t sfln~rf]s jgf cgof d]xn].%=&= uf7df-306fs0f{ rt'yL{_ /f]uJoflw. tNh'Bf] oft 5Dx b'u'rf :ofgf k'hf ofOu' v .slkG. cfn' kj{ rno\ ofo\t xOu' v .fo\ /fIf. ps'Gx' x] leGBf]oft lgDx b'u'rf. Yj hfqf rno\ ofo\u'nflu bf]nvfof tfTsflng zf. 6'6fg kfv] Rj+u' uf]7of GofDx b'u'.fdfg bSj bf]nvfxof 3\o ldof 5Dx d] j dfu' . wf}. k|To]s uf]7+ b'?. lqk'/f. lgu' l6g 3\o.+ sfln~rf]s vs{of rf/lsNnf tf]s]ofgf cgofu' cfDbfgL u'7L rno\ ofo\t nfndf]x/ nu]ofgfJo'u' v .+u 45 . .+ lv/ bo\sf sfln~rf]s eujtLoft Rjno\rf alnljof k'hfofgf dfu' .fdfg Gofgf kj{ rno\ ofOu' v . j cg'. t'tL cfsf/ jo\s lrGgf xf. zflGtof sfdgfof nflu dfgo\ofOu' hfqf v . nf. s'/L. pld. cg b'u' bSj afhF yfgf tn]h'Bf]of k'hf ofow'+sf dxfg]g+ lkxfFjof lkg] -/fhs'n]Zj/ j tn]h' ejfgL b]uof Gx]jg]_ noF uhLdfof Nxf. 5Dx Rjn]rf.osf Vjfkfof lrq Rjof k]sfnF by'O lGxgo\ 3\j+:ofsftu' uf7dfoft k'hf ofgf wf}ahL.'Gb/Loft d] 5Dx j lgDxb'u'rf.

o o+sf bxg ofO .'yo\ bSj Bf] j axfno afhfufhf .f le h'Ow}u' wf/0ff b' .lxt sfoi6dL s'Gx' ts rflxn]u' ofO . sGxo s'Gx' lg. Yjx] hfqfof ‰jno bl5o+s ofo\dfu' hfqfkj{of klxrfg ofgf Tjft\ j u'l7oft lhDdf ljOu' h'O . Yj of. ps'Gx' x] axgL Gxfkf Gxfkf sf}hft lkG.+ 5]F 5]F jof gofu' s?jf-gls+_. 46 .fnfo+sf j:tLof lkg] Rj+u' 5]/Kjf w}u' yf. Yj hfqf bFof bsno GxfkfnfSs jOu' hfqf vM .gsf :js rflxnf yDx 3fgftu' r'aL lksof uKt] :js kfn]w'+sf Nofo\Dx k'Rrg+ .]+ bf]nvfof Sjo\Rj+u' j Rjo\Rj+u' 6f]nof k'Rrg+ lGxy+ . j c+u' Ao'jOu' j gls+ d" Njvfo\ tfOu' j c+u' GXofOu' rng b' .

47 .fn kfv] lasf.f a|t Rjlglk g+ bO .+=@))) .%=*= >Ls[i0f hfqf Yj hfqf Gxfkf Gxfkf dofu' lnkfjof ltlg lj=. Gx]/v'g' -s[i0ffi6dL of 5Gx' Gx]j_ leGBf]ofyfo ehgd08no s[i0fBf]of d"lt{ tof ehg sLt{gofgf k'hfcfhf ofO wf. Yj kj{ bf]nvfdf 8f]s'n'ª\uofDx :j= xif{nfn hf]zL / k'/fG5]of :j= v8uaxfb'/ >]i7of d+sfn+ kln:yf ofu' vg] b' . gfk+ nfv]Kofv+ g+ x'Olsu' ofgf xu' b' . h'u' vg] b' . s[i0f hGdfi6dL s'Gx' s[i0fBf]of d"lt{ afnuf]kfn_v6\o\ tof afhfufhf yfgf bf]nvf b] rflxnf hfqfofO{u' v . xfsg+ s[i0f+ s+zjw gf6s j Kofv+ Solgu' rng b' .

sf]5]{+ 5u' Rjo\Rj+u' Tjfno :jo\De' Tjfno 5u' 5u' lnË ol.L gn j x] axfb'/ j aNnfDx yfg\oh'Ou' h'of kmofg+ kmofy] NofoDxt yfxfjg]t .] k|ltkbf ts Gofg' ts ofOu' Yjhfqf b'Ën Tjfn+ lgu'.lg .+= !%!^ kfv] OGb|of d"lt{ bo\s'u' e}/jof d"lt{g+ lj=.ftls .g u|x0f ofOu' v . nfvo\ KofvF.-OGb|hfqf_ åfbzL lg. ol. lkËn Tjf 5u'. bSj Tjfno g+ xfYjF Bf]-cfsfz e}/j_.ofs] OGb|of d"lt{ tof v'F wsf lrgftO{ gfk 5u jfpFu' t'l. jo to\. 48 . lkg] Ajof k'hf ofgf Gofg' ts x] Ajof tOu' h'O . bSj Tjfno\ g+ Yj hfqf dfgo\ ofOu' u'l7 b' . lj=.+=!%)) kfv] j lnkf ljleGg Ono\ bo\sftu' pNn]v b' . b]jL gfr x'Olsu' g+ ofO .'Gb/L b]jLsf]6f_. j 6l. OGb|of d"lt{.fbof ?ko\ bSjl.rf Tjfno\ g+ w+lsu' v t/ cfjof dofo\w'+sn . Gxfkf Gxfkf lqk'/f.'Gff GxfknfSs yfxfjgf sof v'Bf]oftf bfof t'.+d]D. e}/aof Vjfkfof Dx't' Yj+ xfosf k|. g+ em'08\oofgf tOu' v .L_ w+ls . Yjhfqfo\ ehgsLt{g.%= (= of]bnf k'lg.

cy]x] dxfef/tof k|.f/ OGb|of cu'jfOg+ Bf]t j cno\ /fIf. /fhf OGb|of df az'Gw/f+ u0f]Bf]of a|t Rjg]t kfl/hftof :jfF dfn wfu'ln+ :jfF sfot wsf dTo{d08no\ jof :jfF vfju' Ono\ :jfFy'jfg+ vFsf lrgftano\ df+Dx jof 5'6\oofgf o+s'u' w}u' ygof syg b' .+u g+ hf]8]h'ju' vg] b' .t Njfk' h'ano\ OGb|+ Tofsf lsNnf uf8o\ofgf ljhopT. 49 .j dfgo\ofu' egfO b' .Yj hfqf Gofo\lsu' jf/]of syg cg'.

gof lrq b'u' WjfFo Hjgf d:t lg. s[i0f cflb Bf]of ljleGg cf.z:qwf/f r}q z'Sn k"lGx s'Gx' lg.nflk+ ldh+t lg lr h'of df]Nx'of rfofu' oSj Kjf b'u' wkoft slyO tof lrGgf 5\ogo\ tof df3 wfOlk+ gfk+ gfk+ jlg . /fd.] df3 z'Sn k"GxL s'Gx' ts df3 :gfg ofo\u'.o Tjf Tjfno Rjlk+. 50 .] Hofy ts d'gf lGxy+ /fOtL Vjfl.+ lgnv+ jlk+g]u' .nf u0f]Bf] bz{g ofgf ehg lst{g ofgf Do]xfnf leGBf]ofyfo ts jlgu' Hofh'O . gf/fo0f. j x] Hofem\jno\ . lji0f'.'yo\ .'yo lzj. j x] em\jno jf0ff/l. yfo\ yfo\ yf.zZq wf/fo n'gf hn sfOu' ofO . jgf aNnflk+ lwl.%=!)= . j|t Rjg]u' j 5]vf 5]Fvfklts axlGx afvF slgu' g]jfto\u' rng y]+ t' yg g+ k|rng b' .

bfg sfo\t ah|frfo{vnM t j d"n ah|frfo{ ljz]if lsl.] rno\h'u' hfqf wfu' b' . lnvG5] .+ bfg of jlg . bsno cKkf] 8f]S5]+ Rj+lkG.'yo Gxfkf+ Tjf Tjfno k'hfofgf kmSj bfg ljof blIfgf lju' k/Dk/f b' .+=!*^* kfv] nfndf]x/ ofgftu' b' . ln:Tjf. ah|frfo{ Dxf] hs h'.%=!!= kfª\hf -k~rbfg_ aFFf8f hfqf efb|| s[i0fkIf qof]bzLs'Gx' kfª\hfafF8fhfqf_ k~rbfg dfgo\ofOu' v .fdfgof hfsL :jf/L tof/ ofgf sGx]s'Gx' k~rbfg z'? h'Ou' v .ofgf gs5]+dL vnMt j 8'+unLvnM tou' tw+u' u'l7 b' .+ . yf+5]+.+xb]jof kfno\ u'l7 bosf lj=.?jf jf hfls bfg ofOu' v . 8f]s5].+xof kfno\ x] a'4of d"lt{ kln:yfofu' j hoOGb|l.+ kmF bfgf bfg ofO . lk+un. k'/fG5] 51 .dof 9nf]tof 6knL k'of afhfufhf yfgf Bf] Hjgf . Yj hfqfof nflu åfbzL s'Gx' ljz]if .f+ hfqfofo\u' nflu u'l7of Joj:yf b'u'ln+ Gxfkf+ lg. cno\ lnkf d]d]u' Tjfno RjlkG. lj=.+=!%!^ kfv] s[tLl. Yj u'l7 vf. bSj w}y]+ Tjfno j r}To b'yfo bfg ofOu' rng b' . lGxgo\ bfg ofOlkG.

8'+un, sfFrtL, km]ntL, afx/, sf]5]{, j ljxf5]{ cflb Tjfno Rj+lk+ dg"to;+ bfg lau' rng b' . Yj w'+sf gs5] Tjfof vnM j 8'+un Tjfof vnMg+ ljz]if rf8of ?ko\sof Ejo\ gO . gS5] RjlkG;+nf d] :ofgf ;do alh gO . j w'+sf kml; Ejo\ cno\ lnkf HfEjo wsf gO . sGx] s'Gx' nfof kl/sf/ tof d" Ejo gOu' rng b' . yy] :jGx' ts ofOu' hfqfo hf]zL vns+ bfg ljOu' rng db' wf;f cIfot[tLof s'Gx' k;Nof vnMlkg] hs Yj kf+hf dfgo\ofO{u' v .

52

%=!@= sflndlGb/ ofqf cIfot[tLof a}zfv z'Sn t[tLof s'Gx' dfgo\ ofOu' Yj sfln dftfof hfqf Bf] t+u'nL dfgo\ dofu' v . ps'Gx' ljz]if k'hf ofgf afh+yfgf b] rflxsf hfqf ofOu' v . cf t+u' yf;o\ b]jL :yfkgf of;fF k'hf hs ofgf b]rflxsf hfqf ofu' db' . Yj hfqfof nflu g+ u'l7ofu' Joj:yf ofgftu' b' . Gxfkf+ eujfg lzj+ kfj{tL Olxkfofu' lbF wsf n'd+sf leGBf]oft lzjkfj{tL dfgo\ofgf ?b|Lofgf kf7k'hf ofO . Gxfkf bf]nvfo\ a|fDx0fhftL db'u'nL+ sfzL jgf tfTsflng zf;s+ hos[i0f kfWo w}Dx a|fDx0foft 8'nLtof bf]nvfxof k'/]t tu' wsf ygRj+lk+ hf]zLtou' wfk'b' . cftSs g+ joft xu' 8' 8f]sn'+ufo blg . /fhe}a'F, gfubx, ;s]{a'F, b]unjnL jf/L u'l7of nflu toftu' lj=;+=!*^$ kfv] h'h' lujf{0fo'4+ nfndf]x/ tof gljs/0f ofgftu' v . y's'Gx' x] t5f]of s;/f, ;j{t bosf bfg tf]+lsu' j a|fDx0f j hf]luoft bfg ljOu' rng g+ b' . k~rsGoflkG;+ /fhlx6L j ah|jtLlx6L Rj+u' lgn xof led]Zjo/oft ?b|L ofO . lnkf b'u' k'hf ofgf bfh'lshf ldnohj'of EjogO .
53

54

%=!#= -j5nf k'lg; rl08k"lGx_ Sjo Rj+u' ljx5]{+ Rjlk+ bfh'lshf lkG;+ lglh u'l7of ?ko h'u' j5nf u'l7 kfv] dfgo\ofOu' leGBf]of j lqk'/f;'Gb/Lof k'hf dWosfnof Gxfkfu' bzs lg;] z'? h'u' v . ps'Gx' leGBf] oft ltOlsu' dt' j hGt/o\ lj=;+=!^@& kfv] cyof zf;s ?kgf/fo0fb]j+ yDx kfh' j kfh'of DXofo\ gfk+ bf]nvfo ;+o'Qm zf;g ofu' Ono bf]nsflwklg pkflw ljoftu' l;b' . jo\sof lshf n't' b]jof ;Gtfg /Tgs]z/ b]of cfly{s cj:yf sdhf]/ h'u' sf/0f+ ofgf !@bF ts lnxfdju'ln+ bSj ;DklQ b]jktgoft RjofJo'u' h'ofRjg . t/ /Tgs]z/ lnkf sdo\ofgf !@Dx el/of oft Sjlasf 5]F lnxfjano\ nFo ;]/fla;] w}u' yf;o afo\Rjgf ;'yo lgTok'hfofgfRj+u' Ono bSj el/of la:o"+ju'ln+ dfnf:jof n'Os]dkmof Nxf;fot'+ lnxfj+u' h'ofRjg . xfsg !@bF lnkf Wo]jf sdo\ ofgf lnxfjof Gxfkfou' yf;o\ Rjgf k'hfofgf Gxfkfofu' ;DklQ n'ofjo\Dx wsf efsn ofgf 5]+ lnxfj ano 5]+ y]g] GXo bf]nvfld to\;+ vgf pld;+ ca'+ s]x]Dx]l;t bSj ;DklQ RjofAo"u'
55

lh/df YjF.f lqk'/f.'Gb/L jlglk+ ps'Gx' x] skfof sf bosf sfof sfk bosf 5fof eujltof cf/fwgf ofgf tflGqs ljlw cg'. Yj u'l7+ ofOu' k'hf cg'.fTj. cno .sf yDx . leGBf] ofyfo k'hf ofgf lnxfjof s'nfo\g k'hf ofO Ejo gO wf.sfoe" ofgf Sjrfols .DklQ sfo\dv' wsf x]sf 5]+ Ajgfo+sn . lnkf lgdGq0ff oflk+.'Gb/Loft lgDx lgDx b'u'gfk+ alnk'hf 5u' x] Ono ofOu' v .DklQ bsj g+ lntlan . Yj s'Gx' a'4 holGt 56 . lqk'/f.wo\sf Gofly YjF-sftf YjF.do gO . a6Lof YjF.f/ leGBf] j lqk'/f. sGx] s'Gx' b]jLsf]6 j 5]F Rjgf u'l7of/ j km'ls Rjgf l. ylylt.f tof/ofgf GxfkfnfSs .DklQ+ a'F Gofgf j5nf u'l7 kln:yf ofgf :jbFo 5s lbbLDx+ g+ rno\ ofo\u' Joj:yf ofu' v . hfsr YjF j cOnf_ gfk+ Eooofnflu laljw kl/sf/of g."Gb/L k'Hofo\t k~rsGof g+ gfk+ jlg .f/ k'hf ofO .5]F ofu' vF bSj sgf 5]F jg]Djfn lnxf x'F wsf wfjno s]x]g+ l. km'ls d'gf Ejo\ gO . k'hf l. lnkf /Tg+ yDx sdo\ofgf xu' .

h'u'ln+ b]bSjof b]uno rfsdt 5f]osf af}4 :t'ko\ g+ k'hf ofgf rfsdt 5f]ols . 57 .

dli6ut 1.xeflu h'OlkGt dfu' vr{ kfl/>lds dufu'. Ejo\ glsu' lgoldt db'u' vfln kj{ rno\ hs ofo\u' :jOu'. u'l7of/ Ono\ djOu'. a|fDx0ft.d:of . 5. hfqfjno\ ljs[t .^= .+:sf/ x's]{ h'ofju'.fO .'Gb/L j /fhs'n]Zj/o\ b]vf b'lk dfu' Gx' lkG. afhf yfOlk+. /yofqf j v8u hfqfofO lkGt Wojf ljOu' Joj:yf db'u' . conf Yj+Tjgf Njfk'ofOu' . u'l7ofu' cfo:tf dju' s'df/L e}/a j v8\u hfqfofnflu dflk+ j+zh tgfj+u' jf Dxf] h'ofj+u' jf b]z+ lkg] j. lqk'/f. afns'df/L. 3. ./o\h'u' . 6. 4. 2. lg/Gt/tf ljOt ljrf dofu' .f/ lgod dfgo\ ofo\u' x'lgofgf :yfgLo Nofo\Dxt hfqfofo\t d+ db'u' . hgzlQm. lg lr j k/Dk/f cg'.+ b]vf sfo\ d+ db'u' . 7. 58 . dflk+ ljz]if1t Dxf] h'u'.

8. 15./sf/+ jf:tf sd Sjo\ofu' hftoft zf]if0f 59 .+:yfu k|of. j. cfw'lgstf klZrlds/0f cfly{s . 12./fO zx/Ls/0f . 11. 16. 10. . 17.d:of efjgfo sld NofoDxoft cfsif{0f+ Dxf] h'u' . hfqf rno\ ofgf 5' kmfObf wsf d+ db'lk+ b' .fO . 9. 14. 13. sld .

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