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Thermofluid Analysis Software


The Role of CFD in Engineering

What is important in product development?
[ Thermo-Fluid Analysis ]
One of the foremost expectations of today's successful product driven companies is that they bring high value-added products, that meet customer needs, quickly to the market. In addition, successful companies proactively identify application scenarios that could result in unsatisfactory performance, product failures, customer dissatisfaction and/or develop design solutions that mitigate the potential risks.

Thermo-fluid analysis software

Thermo-fluid analysis software is a simulation tool used for analyzing complex thermal/fluid phenomena. Since software simulation enables predicting performance without creating a hardware prototype, the tools can be used early in the planning state of product development to sift through preliminary design concepts. Simulation can also be used to predict performance of products where it is difficult to make experimental measurements. In addition, simulation software can be used to visualize invisible fluid flow and heat transfer. This results in increased engineering understanding while providing a vehicle for communicating this knowledge to non-experts.

Valve-lift: 2mm



Figure. Example of comparison between analysis cases

Comparison of flow rate (pressure) at an intake port with different engine valve lift

Where does thermo-fluid analysis software come into play?

Thermo-fluid analysis software is indispensable for "Front-loading" product development to ensure the best product concepts are identified early in the design process. Design quality will be improved during the conceptual design phase by conducting basic studies of fluid and thermal phenomena that directly affect product performance. During the detailed design phase, analyses are conducted under conditions similar to what the actual product will experience. From this work, design engineers can understand the source of problems that limit performance and investigate alternate design solutions before production begins.
Flexibility in Design



Complexity of Problems

Design Concept

Rough Design

Detailed Design

Testing/ Evaluation

Mass Production

Figure. Product development process

scSTREAM and SC/Tetra

Cradle off ers two diff erent types of thermo-fl uid analysis tools: scSTREAM (and HEAT Designer for electronics cooling) and SC/Tetra. scSTREAM and HEAT Designer use structured meshes while SC/Tetra uses an unstructured mesh. A structured mesh is simple and easy to construct. This mesh is comprised of many small cuboids so it can only approximate curved or angled surfaces. It is most useful for applications where tiny details and surface curvature or angles do not have a strong eff ect on the overall fl ow fi eld. Examples of applications for structured mesh include electronics cooling, HVAC, and architecture. Unstructured mesh contains more complex element shapes (tetrahedron, pentahedron, and hexahedron). These elements provide a fl exible way to represent curved surfaces. As a result, SC/Tetra is used for applications where precise representation of the geometry is critical. Examples of unstructured mesh applications include fan blades and automotive aerodynamics.

2 types of meshing method

3D CAD original shape

Meshing into cuboids

Meshing with complex element shapes

Structured Mesh

Unstructured Mesh

Analysis Procedure
In scSTREAM and SC/Tetra, analyses are performed using a set of three applications Preprocessor, Solver, and Postprocessor. Preprocessor Solver Postprocessor

Creating analysis model

Importing 3D geometry

Setting analysis conditions

Setting mesh density Calculation Generating mesh

Visualizing results Drawing graphs

Figure. Flowchart of an analysis

User input operation Automatic processing

Create analysis model, Set analysis conditions, and Generate mesh

Create analysis model

Import 3D CAD data Model geometries in scSTREAM (and HEAT Designer) using a built-in modeler Modify or simplify geometries to reduce computational load as necesarry

Set Analysis Conditions

Set material properties for parts and specify boundary conditions (flow, heat)

Generate Mesh
Set mesh size and density. Mesh generation is processed automatically.

Flow/thermal calculations are performed using input data created in the Preprocessor. During the computation, calculation status can be monitored. The amount of time required for the computation depends on the size of the model (number of mesh elements), quality of the model, and hardware. A parallel solver is available for reducing the computational time of large-scale models. *See page 10 (HPC Solution) for more information about parallel calculation.

The solver outputs field data for visualization using the Postprocessor. This permits examining flow, temperature, pressure, and other analysis results. Visualized results can be converted to images, animations and/or CradleViewer files for later use. *See page 11 (Postprocessor) for more information about Postprocessor. *See page 9 (Utility) for more information about CradleViewer.

Thermofluid Analysis System with Structured Mesh

Windows, Linux

About the software


scSTREAM thermo-fluid software has serviced the electronics and architectural industries for thirty years. HEAT Designer is based on scSTREAM and is specially developed for thermal design of electronics products. Both software enable non-experts in the thermal sciences to conduct thermo-fluid analyses with ease by providing modeling capabilities and wizard-based interfaces for setting conditions. Moreover, consistent with anticipated needs for larger and larger models, these software are already adapted for large scale calculations using parallel computations that can accommodate up to one billion mesh elements.

Is your analysis tool useful in years to come?

Meeting your increased demands in the years to come scSTREAM and HEAT Designer have proven track records for incorporating the
Includes modeling functions ranging from simple building blocks to a CAD-like modeler. Features pre-built fan and heat sink models for easy setup without having to use complicated CAD models.

CAD Interface

Multiblock & Meshing

A complex model requires many mesh elements to describe its geometries. Multiblock meshing, which minimizes the range of mesh refinement, is an essential feature for analyses of large-scale models.
Comparison of computation time between Cradle products
Unstructured mesh Structured mesh Roughly 65% reduction

Drag & drop

A standard feature includes the capability to directly import native data from a variety of CAD software as well as intermediate formats such like Parasolid, STEP, IDF, STL, DXF, IGES, ACIS and Gerber circuit board data. Direct interfaces with Revit Architecture and ArchiCAD are available as options.

Collective Setting
A detailed analysis requires specifying parameters for all the parts used. Setting these conditions can be tedious and time consuming. A CSV file can be used to specify collective setting of conditions which saves time and increases efficiency.
Collective setting

Analysis model: Cell phone Left: Unstructured mesh Right: Structured mesh

Computing Speed
A structured mesh ensures high speed computations and superior stability. Structured meshes are ideal for simulations where fine geometry details do not greatly affect the overall flow field and heat transfer.

Recommended applications
Thermal and flow analysis inside an office Natural ventilation in a large space Air flow around buildings Tsunami prediction Thermal design of a closed chassis Thermal design of a chassis with a fan Performance assessment of a heat dissipating fin Thermal design of PCB
Gerber data Fan model

Moving object*1

Particle tracking*1

latest leading edge technology.

Humidity, Condensation, Evaporation*1
A study of condensation and evaporation processes can be conducted by calculating the surface temperature of solid materials and air humidity. In addition, moisture transfer inside materials can be considered. Multi-Fluid*1 Air-conditioner model*1

Joule heating*1

PMV, SET*, Ventilation efficiency*1

Free Surface*1
This function enables visualization of large-scale physical phenomena, such as Tsunami, that are not experimentally observable. Microscopic phenomenon such as solder paste movement can also be analyzed.

Product contents
scSTREAM (HEAT Designer) [STpre/STsolver/STpost] LFileView
A viewer tool for L files in text format that collects data at each solver calculation cycle.

A tool for reprocessing calculation results data files.

A license free viewer for visualizing calculation results generated by the solvers in Cradle products.

An assessment tool for thermal analyses with graphical illustrations of heat paths.

Analyzing heat transfer is an important process in heat release designs. Heat transfer can be captured more intuitively using graphs for each part or each heat path.

A tool that assists input/output for simulations predicting wind environment.

A tool that converts multiple BMP files into a single AVI file.

An add-in tool for SolidWorks, which enables setting of analysis conditions for scSTREAM/HEAT Designer within SolidWorks.

PreCSVTool is a tool that helps automatic, collective setting of material properties and analysis conditions.


Not available in HEAT Designer.

User's Guide (electronic version) Sample data

*These products are provided upon installation (downloading from the Web).

Thermofluid Analysis System with Unstructured Mesh

Windows, Linux

About the software

SC/Tetra is general purpose, unstructured mesh software that is efficiency and high fidelity focused for solving fluid/ thermal problems involving complex geometries. It provides a wizard based user interface that guides the user through the step by step set-up process. SC/Tetra also provides a robust interface which directly imports native data from a multitude of CAD software as well as various intermediate files. SC/Tetra contains sophisticated models for simulating complex physical phenomena.

Alleviating the stress of numerical analysis?

SC/Tetra focuses on stability and speed. It generates solutions faster, giving you more time for innovation.

CAD Interface
Native data from various CAD software can be directly imported. This simplifies importation by eliminating the need to convert the CAD data into an intermediate format which can result in the loss of geometry information.


Shape Creation

Conversion to MDL


Automated generation of volume mesh based on octants

Automated generation of prism layer mesh


Condition Settings Mesh Generation

High speed, Automatic Mesh Generation

The mesh can be generated automatically after setting the size and density of the octants. The mesh generation process is adapted to parallel processing enabling large-scale meshing to be completed in a short time.

Mesh Adaptation Analysis

Mesh adaptation enables automatic optimization of the mesh size and density in regions where variations in flow and temperature are prominent. The user only needs to set the targeted number of mesh elements.


Compressible Flow Pressure-based, Analysis Density-based

Analyses can be conducted on high speed flow (up to Mach 10), shockwaves, and rarefied flow at low pressure.

Moving Object (ALE, Overset, Dynamical)

Analyses can be conducted on fans and pumps that involve active motion of objects as well as passive motions where object motions are due to external forces.


Recommended Applications
Vehicle body aerodynamics Thermo-fluid analysis of engine rooms Intake and exhaust efficiency evaluation Disc brake cooling analysis Performance evaluation of rotating equipment (fan, pump) Prediction of cavitation Heat dissipation analysis of LC projectors Thermal design of home appliances Wind loading effects on buildings Flow analysis of nozzles or exhaust openings Pressure loss through air ducts



Spray model


Aerodynamic noise

Free Surface
Free surface calculations enable simulation of two-phase flows such as the formation of a milk crown created by the impact of a droplet or the sloshing motion in a fuel tank. Simulation of capillary actions can be simulated as well by considering the surface tension of the fluid.

Radiation(refraction, multiband)

Porous media

Humidity, dew condensation, evaporation

Fluid-structure interaction

Prediction of Cavitation and Erosion

Simulation of cavitation (vaporization of the liquid) due to high speed rotation of a propeller can be simulated. SC/Tetra is also equipped to predict erosion.

Product contents
SC/TetraSCTpre/SCTsolver/SCTpost SCTjob
A tool for analysis job management.

A viewer tool for L files in text format which collects data at each solver calculation cycle.

A tool for reprocessing calculation results data files.

(Thermoregulation model) SC/Tetra provides the JOS Thermoregulation Model which was developed by Prof. Tanabe of Waseda University. It includes JOS-2 which improves the accuracy of head skin temperature predictions with more detailed modeling. JOS can estimate skin temperature and sweating as functions of the surrounding environment including air conditioning and sunlight.
A tool for mapping analysis results obtained by SC/Tetra to structural analysis input data.

A license free viewer for visualizing calculation results generated by the solvers in Cradle products.

A tool that converts multiple BMP files into a single AVI file.

User's Guide (electronic version) Sample data

*These products are provided upon installation (downloading from the Web).

Spending too much time fixing CAD data?

CADthru can fix problems with CAD data making it suitable for analysis without going back to the CAD software.

About the software

CADthru is a data translation tool used to prepare CAD data for CFD analysis. CADthru's robust functions enable fast and automatic repair of geometric and topological data defects that are artifacts of the CAD software. CADthru also includes several data editing functions that provide complete control of the geometry.
CADthru is recommended when dealing with:
After diagnostics, interferences between blue and red surfaces are detected. Interferences are fixed by automatic cleaning function.

Automatic Cleaning
The automatic cleaning function finds defects in CAD data and automatically repairs interfering faces and multiedges.

Shell models created in CAD Filled/Hollow areas cannot be recognized. Parts not modeled in CAD, such as resin and packing Gaps or holes affect physical phenomena and simulation results. Models with many detailed components Analysis scale becomes too large.
After creating inlet & outlet surfaces, fluid regions are extracted.

Extraction of Fluid Regions

CAD software is usually used to create the geometry of the solid parts. CFD is used to model the fluid region surrounding these parts. The extraction function automatically creates the fluid regions from the CAD data.

CAD model

Analysis model

CADthru diagnoses defects in CAD data, fixes problematic features, and outputs model data that is compatible with Cradle products.

Automatic Definition of Material Properties and Condition Regions

Part names and colors configured in CAD can be inherited and used to define material properties and condition regions automatically. This function is helpful when an analysis model contains many parts or is repeatedly used for case studies.

CADthru Workflow
Importing CAD data
MDL Wizard (Automatic cleaning)

Solid assistant / STEP assistant

Product contents
CADthru User's Guide (electronic version) Sample data
*These products are provided upon installation (downloading from the Web).

List of supported data formats

Detection & cleaning of defects
- Contacts/Interference between parts - Redundant parts - Disconnected shell parts - Abnormal geometries
CATIA V5 CATIA V4 Creo Elements/Pro (Pro/Engineer) SolidWorks NX SolidEdge Inventor ACIS Parasolid STEP IGES VDAFS STL DXF

File format

File extension
CATPart, CATproduct, CGR model, exp, session, dlv, dlv3 prt, asm, xpr, xas sldprt, sldasm prt par, psm, asm ipt, iam sat x_t, x_b, xmt_txt, xmt_bin stp,step iges, igs vda stl dxf

MDL conversion results report Automatic definition of material properties Automatic definition of surface/volume regions

Solid data modification

Modification features Creation features Measurement features

Exporting MDL data for analyses in SC/Tetra


*Names of CAD systems are, in general, registered trademarks or trademarks of respective companies.

Utility Tools
Viewer Tool Data Conversion Tool Modeling Support Tool


scSTREAM HEAT Designer SC/Tetra








LFileView is an application to view L files, which are automatically output during Solver calculations. This enables monitoring the numerical results (variables, maximum and minimum values, averages, etc.) for each calculation cycle.

HeatPathView is used to facilitate thermal management of specific parts. It is used to investigate heat balance and heat paths using graphs. This increases the understanding of heat flow and leads to increased confidence in the thermal design.







CradleViewer is a license free tool that enables analysis information to be shared even in an environment without a Postprocessor. Graphics and animations can be saved and distributed in the CradleViewer format. CradleViewer can also be used to change view angle, display scale, and perform many other postprocessing viewing functions.

FLDutil is used to map analysis results obtained in SC/Tetra onto input files for structural analysis software such as ABAQUS, ANSYS, I-DEAS, and NASTRAN. FLDutil can also convert structural analysis input files to results files (FLD) used by SC/Tetra.

Analysis result obtained in SC/Tetra

Map to structure analysis meshes






WindTool is used to increase the efficiency of predicting wind environments. It facilitates setting analysis conditions for sixteen different wind directions and automatically executes executes the calculation of the wind environment criteria proposed by Murakami*.

Functions used by scSTREAM for parts configuration can be used as an add-in tool in SolidWorks. This enables the settings of attributes, material properties, and heat generation for parts within the CAD software. scSTREAM (or HEAT Designer) can be directly launched from SolidWorks. Settings applied from the CAD software are automatically passed to the analysis software.
(Compliant versions: SolidWorks 2008-2012)

*Murakami criteria: Criteria for wind environment evaluation based on the estimated frequencies of strong winds. Estimates are made of how many days in one year maximum instantaneous wind speed (or maximum average wind speed x gust factor) exceeds certain wind speeds. From the estimates, wind environment is ranked in three categories.

Common Features
CAD Interface
Cradle analysis software can import native data from major 3D CAD software as well as import most generalized intermediate data formats. This eliminates the cumbersome process of data conversion. Name of CAD / geometry data
CATIA V5 CATIA V4 Creo Elements/Pro(Pro/Engineer) SolidWorks NX SolidEdge Inventor Import IGES, VDAFS Parasolid, STEP, STL ACIS DXF XGL GERBER IDF Autodesk Revit , ArchiCAD , SHAPE ABAQUS, Design Space, Plot3D NASTRAN, ANSYS, CGNS Export Parasolid, STEP, STL NASTRAN, ANSYS, CGNS
*1 Paid option of CAD (See page 12 for more information) *
*1 *1

Compliant software

Notes CATPart, CATproduct, CGR model, exp, session, dlv, dlv3 prt, asm, xpr, xas sldprt, sldasm (2008-2012 include add-in support) prt par, psm, asm ipt, iam iges, igs, vda x_t, xmt_txt, x_b, xmt_bin, stp, step, stl sat, sab, asat, asab 3D-face, polyMesh (ST only) , 2D (ST only) xgl (3D shape only) phd, drd, gbr, drl (RS-274D/X, Excellon) brd,emn shp (polyline/polygon) inp, dat, fmt, p2dfmt, p3dfmt, dat nas, cdb, cgns x_t, xmt_txt (SCT only x_b, xmt_bin) , stp, step, stl nas, cdb, cgns

Names of CAD system are registered trademarks or trademarks of respective companies.


Large-scale, high-speed simulation with parallel computing technologies.
Parallel computing makes possible solving existing models faster, conducting more analyses, and/or solving more detailed models with a greater number of mesh elements. Large-scale computation is performed efficiently using distributed memory processing using Message Passing Interface (MPI).

Arena: 70 million elements Projector: 25 million elements

SC/Tetra V10
Convertible: 74 million elements Sirocco fan: 32 million elements

256 224 192

256 228.1 224 192 175.8 188.5 115.6

Speed-up ratio

Speed-up ratio

160 128 96 64 32 0 26.5 6.4 12.7 26.5 13.6 0 6.1 32 64 96 128 160 192 224 256 52.7 70.6 48.4 74.0 108.5

160 128 96 64 32 0 0 29.6 14.9 26.5 13.3 32 59.0 52.6 141.3










[No. of cores]

[No. of cores]


Viewing analysis results using the Postprocessor is a key to obtaining the understanding necessary to improve product design. In many situations, experimental measurements are difficult to obtain, especially those within complex parts or when exposed to severe operating conditions. In contrast, viewing results in the Postprocessor is always easy to do. The Postprocessor can be used to visualize data in various ways to better understand heat and fluid flow and provide a vehicle for sharing information. This leads to productive discussions and visual presentation of results. Within the Postprocessor, results can be displayed and compared. Results can be analyzed using graphs and tables. In addition, the Postprocessor is compatible with parallel processing, which enables fast and efficient viewing of large-scale analysis results. Visualization features (examples) - Contour plot - Pathlines (SC/Tetra only) - Oil flow Processing features (examples) - Automated creation of animation - Storing displayed data - Comparison and arithmetic operations between multiple results - Azimuthal projections (meridian plane view) - Operations (integration, function registration)
- Vector plot - Streamlines - Isosurface


Oil flow


Contour plot


VB Interface
Cradle analysis software can be controlled from external applications, including Microsoft Office, using the COM interface promoted by Microsoft. This interface is called the VB interface (VBI). Using VBI, various tools can be created, depending on needs, to automatically perform certain operations. For example, a tool can be created to simplify the settings for an air conditioning analysis (see figure), or to automatically write analysis reports. Applications (among others)
- Simplifying settings for air-conditioning analyses - Writing analysis reports automatically - Automating a series of analysis operations - Automating a process of creating 3D model from 2D model - Creating your original GUI

Microsoft Excel Microsoft PowerPoint Windows Internet Explorer ,etc.




Individual Option Tools

Response surface Distribution of optimized solutions

Optimization Tool
Extension Option (Optimization)
The optimization tool uses the Multi-Objective Genetic Algorithm (MOGA). It enables optimizing geometries and/or boundary conditions (design variables) based on minimizing values of multiple analysis results (objective functions).

* MOGA and Kriging methods used in this product are based on research achievements of Obayashi and Jeong Lab, Institute of Fluid Science, Tohoku university.


BIM-compliant CAD software


BIM-compliant Option
I/F Option for Autodesk Revit*1 I/F Option for ArchiCAD*2
Native BIM-compliant CAD data can be directly imported into scSTREAM with or without simplification. This is an optional addin tool for BIM-compliant CAD software and enables assigning scSTREAM analysis conditions for each part within the CAD software. Then scSTREAM can be launched from the CAD software, and the geometry and analysis conditions within the CAD software are automatically passed to scSTREAM for computations.

Native data
*1 Available from Autodesk Revit V2013. *2 Available from ArchiCAD V15.


Thermal stress analysis of a circuit board

Structural Analysis Tool

Extension Option (Structural Analysis)
Fluid and thermal stresses acting on solid objects and their resultant deformations can be calculated from pressure and temperature information obtained from SC/Tetra. This option is limited to linear static analyses.


Transient analysis of plate deformation due to water pressure

Fluid-Structure Interaction Option

I/F Option for Abaqus
Fluid-Structure Interaction Option (FSI) is available between SC/ Tetra and ABAQUS. This enables simulating phenomena where fluid flow and object deformation affect each other.


Links with other software


Acoustic Analysis Software

The acoustics of aerodynamic noise can be analyzed using SC/Tetra output data.
.CGNS file

Acoustic analysis software

LMS Virtual.Lab
Developed by LMS International (Belgium)

Developed by Free Field Technologies (Belgium)

Data conversion tool

Developed by CEDIC (Korea)




Visualization Software
Read, visualize and edit FLD data (analysis results file from Cradle products) using other visualization software.
.FLD file Visualization software

Developed by Computational Engineering Inc. (USA)



Optimization software

Optimization Software
Cradle products can be used in conjunction with optimization software for automation and/or optimizing product design.

Developed by Noesis Solutions (Belgium)

Developed by Dassault Systems Simulia Corp. (France)

Developed by ESTECO (Italy)

Optimus has a direct interface with Cradle products.


1D Simulation Software
Output data from SC/Tetra to 1D simulation software or viceversa can be coupled and used as initial boundary conditions.

1D simulation

Developed by POWERTRAIN (Austria)

Developed by Flowmaster Ltd. (UK)

Autodesk Revit is a registered trademark of Autodesk, Inc. and/or its affiliates in the United States and other countries. All other product and service names mentioned are registered trademarks or trademarks of their respective companies.


CAD data Interface (import) CAD data Interface (export)




Geometry modification Registration of parts library Tetrahedron Pentahedron (Prism, Pyramid) Hexahedron Cuboid Easy set-up through wizard Preset default conditions Unused dialogs hidden Collective Settings to undefined regions Material property library (editable) Laminated materials VB Interface Batch execution of meshing Macro for operations (history function) Customizable keyboard mapping Selectable mouse operation modes Zooming Structured mesh Unstructured mesh Multiblock Overset mesh Moving objects Mesh adaptation Discontinuous mesh interface ALE (Rotation, Translation, Stretch) Dynamical moving element Finite volume method Pressure correction Convection term accuracy Matrix solver Steady-state/Transient analysis Incompressible fluid Compressible fluid Non-Newtonian fluid Buoyancy (Boussinesq approximation) Multiple fluids Gas mixing Foaming resin model

Parasolid (.x_t), STEP, STL, Parasolid (.x_t), STEP, STL, DXF (2D, 3D-face), XGL, NASTRAN, XGL, IDF, IDF, SHAPE, Gerber data (RS-274D, RS-274X) Gerber data (RS-274D, RS-274X) Parasolid(.x_t) , STL Parasolid(.x_t) , STL Cuboid, Hexagon, Cylinder, Cone, Sphere, Cuboid, Hexagon, Cylinder, Cone, Slanted Plate, Slanted Plate, Point, Panel (Orthogonal, Point, Panel (Orthogonal, Quadrilateral, Slanted), Quadrilateral, Slanted), 2.5D solid part, Fan, 2.5D solid part, Fan, Pipe, Anemostat model, Pipe, Electronics (chassis, PCB, Electronics (chassis, PCB, fin) fin), Peltier device model, Heat pipe modeling Boolean operation (Sum, Subtract, Multiply, Boolean operation (Sum, Subtract, Multiply, Divide), Shape simplification (Deformer, Filling Divide), Shape simplification (Deformer, Filling hole, Projection deletion, R fillet deletion), hole, Projection deletion, R fillet deletion), Copy, Mirror copy Copy, Mirror copy

Parasolid (.x_t), STEP, STL, DXF (3D-face), ABAQUS (.inp), ANSYS (.cdb), I-DEAS (.unv), Design Space (.dat), NASTRAN (.nas) STL , ANSYS(.cdb) , NASTRAN(.nas) Cuboid, Cylinder, Sphere, Panel Detection/modification (Overlapped and intersected faces, free/minute edges), Repair of missing faces, Generation of faces by sweep, Wrapping
(Manual setting

Mesh generation


(Cylindrical coordinate system)

(When internal hexahedron elements are used) (Import only)

Operation and control environment

(Cartesian or cylindrical coordinate)

(Cartesian coordinate)


Numerical scheme

SIMPLEC 1st/3rd order (QUICK) upwind scheme MICCG , ILUCR , ILUCGS, FMGCG, FMGCGS

SIMPLEC 1st/3rd order (QUICK) upwind scheme MICCG, ILUCR, ILUCGS, FMGCG, FMGCGS

SIMPLEC (or density-based) 1st/2nd order (MUSCL/QUICK) upwind scheme MILUCG-STAB, AMG, AMGCG-STAB, CGCCG-STAB

Flow types

Turbulence models

Reynolds-number model, Non-linear lowReynolds-number model, Two-equation heat transfer (NK) model (high Reynolds number), Two-equation heat transfer (AKN) model (low Reynolds number), LES Heat conduction (fluid/solid) Heat transfer (Convective/Turbulent heat transfer) Heat transfer (Boiling heat transfer) Heat radiation (view factor) Heat radiation (flux method) Panel heat conduction, transfer, radiation Insolation Joule heating Mean Radiation Temperature (MRT) calculation Diffusivity Sedimentation rate SORET effect Age of air, Life expectancy of air, Inlet contribution rate PMV / SET* Relative humidity / Absolute humidity Dew condensation Humidity transfer in solid Vapor pressure under humidity analysis Chemical reaction Combustion Solidification / Melting analysis Thermal CVD analysis Marker particle Mass particle Chemical reaction for particles Spray model Free surface Dispersed multiphase flow Cavitation Ffowcs Williams & Hawkings' equation Weak compressible flow model Sound source detection method JOS, JOS-2 2-resistor/Multi-resistor/DELPHI model Velocity Volume flow rate Mass flow rate Pressure Air conditioner model Fan model Wave generation, Wave dissipation
(Direct/Sky solar radiation) Eddy-dissipation model, PPDF (VOF method, MARS method)

Standard k- model, RNG k- model, MP k model, Algebraic stress model, Linear low-

Standard k- model, Linear low-Reynolds-number model

Standard k- model, RNG k- model, MP k- model, AKN Linear low-Reynoldsnumber k- model, GPC Linear low-Reynoldsnumber k- model, Non-linear low-Reynoldsnumber k- model, Realizable k- model, SST k- model, MPAKN Linear low-Reynoldsnumber k- model, Spalart-Allmaras oneequation model, LKE k-kL- model, SST-SAS model, DES, VLES, LES
(Direct/Sky solar radiation)


Thermal analysis

Diffusion analysis Index for ventilation efficiency Thermal control model Humidity/Dew condensation analysis

Eddy-dissipation model (VOF method, improved MAC method)

Reaction analysis

Particle analysis

Multiphase flow analysis Aerodynamic noise analysis Thermoregulation-Model Thermal circuit mode


Flow conditions


Thermal conditions

Wall conditions

Pressure conditions User-defined conditions Calculation control environment Output post files Output for third-party software Structural analysis

Fixed temperature Amount of heat generation Heat transfer coefficient Contact heat transfer coefficient No-slip (Stationary wall) Free-slip (symmetry wall) Log-law condition Power-low condition Surface roughness Fixed pressure Pressure loss Porous media Variables table User-defined function (compilation required) Job management Monitoring the calculation status E-mail notification of the calculation VB interface


Cradle post files(FLD, iFLD)

Cradle post files (FLD, iFLD)

Cradle post files (FLD, iFLD) Field View, AVS NASTRAN, ANSYS, ABAQUS*3, I-DEAS, LMS Virtual.Lab, KULI

Drawing functions

Drawing position/ orientation


Special effects


Analysis of results

Data image output

Operation and control environment

Mesh, Vector, Contour plots Isosurface, Streamline Geometry display 2D graph Mirror/Periodical copy Vortex center Arbitrary plane, Surface, Entire volume, Cylinder Streamlines, Isosurface Pathlines Arbitrary scaling Arbitrary pick Oil flow Texture mapping Lighting, Luster, Gradation Transparency, Water-like expression Vector animation Cut-plane weeping Marker particle Automatic translation of view point Key-frame animation Animation interpolated between cycles Variable registration Integral (surface/volume) Comparison Projected area calculation Automatic search of the local Max/Min positions Import of CSV data Automatic change of colorbar BMP, JPG CradleViewer AVI VRML Loading FLD file with trimming Selectable help function OpenGL emulation VB interface Selectable mouse operation modes

(Neutral file, STL file) (Only SC/Tetra) (Scalar / Vector value) (On plane / surface) (On plane / surface) (Preset, Arbitrary) (Turbulent diffusion effect) (View/Focus points can be set) (Scalar/Vector integration) (Clipping function) (Preset, Arbitrary) (Size, Resolution adjustable) (Support steady-state/transient animation, Attach to Office applications)

VB Interface: Preprocessor, Solver and Postprocessor can be controlled in VBA and VBS.

System Configuration
Product Compliant OS
Windows XP Professional (32 / 64 bit) Windows Vista (Business, Ultimate, Enterprise)(32 / 64 bit) Windows 7 (Professional, Ultimate, Enterprise)(32 / 64 bit) Windows Server 2008 R2 (64 bit) Windows HPC Server 2008 R2 (64 bit) RedHat Enterprise Linux 5, 6 (64 bit)* SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10, 11 (64 bit)* Windows XP Professional (32 / 64 bit) Windows Vista (Business, Ultimate, Enterprise)(32 / 64 bit) Windows 7 (Professional, Ultimate, Enterprise)(32 / 64 bit) Windows Server 2008 R2 (64 bit) Windows HPC Server 2008 R2 (64 bit) RedHat Enterprise Linux 5, 6 (64 bit)* SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10, 11 (64 bit)* * Not supported in HEAT Designer. * Solver only. Not supported on Itanium-based 64-bit version.
Windows and Windows Vista are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and other countries. Microsoft Visual Studio is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and other countries. The official name of Windows is the "Microsoft Windows Operating System". Linux is a trademark registered to Linus Torvalds in the United States and other countries. Intel is a registered trademark of Intel Corporation in the United States and other countries. Red Hat is a registered trademark of Red Hat, Inc. in the United States and other countries. SUSE is a registered trademark of SUSE LINUX AG, Novell Inc. All other product and service names mentioned are registered trademarks or trademarks of their respective companies.

Recommended environment
[Memory] 2GB or more [Hard disk] 10GB or more free capacity recommended [Memory] 2GB or more [Hard disk] 10GB or more free capacity recommended

Measure of analysis size

About 1 million elements / 350MB Max. number of elements: 1 billion Max. number of parallel processing: 768 (proven) About 1 million elements / 400 MB Max. number of elements: 1 billion Max. number of parallel processing:3072 (proven)

Compiler environment (User-defined function)

Windows version
Intel Visual Fortran Composer XE 2013

Linux version
GFortran (GNU Fortran compiler) (Linux standard)

Windows version
Microsoft Visual Studio 2012 (non-XP-compliant)

Linux version
GCC (GNU Compiler Collection) (Linux standard)


Location and affiliate companies

Cradle has technology partners and distributors in China, Korea, France, and the USA. We are fully capable of supporting our global customer base. Cradle North America Inc. is the USA based affiliate company founded in 2008. Applied Thermal Fluid Analysis Center Ltd. (ATAC) was established in Taiwan. Cradle is committed to expanding and supporting business in the worldwide market.

Headquarters (Osaka)

France Korea China China Taiwan USA USA Tokyo


Tokyo office

Affiliated companies Taiwan: Applied Thermal Fluid Analysis Center, Ltd. (ATAC)
Cradle North America Inc.

Software Cradle Co., Ltd.

Headquarters Mainichi Intecio 3-4-5 Umeda, Kita-ku, Osaka 530-0001 Japan Tel: +81-6-6343-5641 Fax: +81-6-6343-5580 Tokyo Gate City Ohsaki 1-11-1 Osaki, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo 141-0032 Japan Tel: +81-3-5435-5641 Fax: +81-3-5435-5645 USA 70 Birch Alley Suite 240 Beavercreek, OH 45440 Tel: +1-937-912-5798 Fax: +1-513-672-0523 Email: Web:

Business partners Japan: Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Machinery Technology Corporation Korea: CEDIC Co., Ltd. France: FLUOREM China: Shanghai HONGYUAN information technology Co., Ltd. China: Nanjing Tianfu Software Co., Ltd. USA: Wright State University


* All other product and service names mentioned are registered trademarks or trademarks of their respective companies. * Contents and specifications of products are as of November 28, 2012 and subject to change without notice. We shall not be held liable for any errors in figures and pictures, or any typographical errors in this brochure.

2013 Software Cradle