You are on page 1of 4

Hont-Pzmny

Hont-Pzmny
Genus (gens) Hont-Pzmny

Country

Duke of Swabia Kingdom of Hungary c. 983 Hont and Pzmny (brothers)

Founded Founder

Cadet branches House of Bozky House of Bnyi House of Csalomjai House of Fdmsi House of Forgch House of Szegi House of Garadnai-Pogny House of Szentgyrgyi House of Czibak House of Ujhelyi House of Pzmny House of Besztercei

Hont-Pzmny (Hunt-Poznan) was the name of a gens ("clan") in the Kingdom of Hungary. The Gesta Hunnorum et Hungarorum ("Deeds of the Huns and Hungarians") mentions that the ancestors of the family (the brothers Hont and Pzmny) arrived, in the late 9th century, to the court of Grand Prince Gza of the Magyars from the Duchy of Swabia (in the Holy Roman Empire). The next arrivals were Hunt and Pazman, two half-brothers, courageous knights of Swabian origin. These two and their retainers had been journeying through Hungary with the intention of passing over the sea when they were detained by Duke Gza, and finally they girded King Stephen with the sword of knighthood at the river Hron, after the German custom.[1] Gesta Hunnorum et Hungarorum The clan Hontpaznan was mentioned for the first time in 1226 in a charter. Several prominent families of the kingdom (e.g., Szentgyrgyi and Forgch) descended from the gens.

Hont-Pzmny

The branches of the clan


By the 13th century, the clan divided into 12 branches: the branch of Bozk (today Bzovk in Slovakia) held possessions in Hont County and they had two castles; the possessions of the branch of Fdmes (now Ipesk any in Slovakia) were located in Hont and Borsod counties and their castle in Borsod County was built without royal authorization and therefore, it was demolished in 1298; the members of the branch of Bny (today Ba in Slovakia) owned lands in Hont and Nyitra counties and they held three castles; the branch of Csalomja (today Mal alomija in Slovakia) held possessions in Hont county; the lands of the members of the branch of Gimes (now Jelenec in Slovakia) were located in Nyitra County and they had a castle built there; the branch of Szeg possessed lands in Nyitra County; the members of the branch of Szentgyrgy and Cseklsz (today Svt Jur and Bernolkovo respectively) held possessions in Pozsony County and they had three castles by the end of the 13th century; the possessions of the branch Pogny of Garadna were located in Trencsn County; the members of the branch of jhely owned lands in Bihar County where they had a castle built; the branch Pzmny of Panasz held possessions in Bihar County; the members of the branch of Beszterce owned lands in Bihar County; the possessions of the branch of Czibak-Batthynyi were also located in Bihar County.

Notable members of the clan


The first notable members of the clan were the brothers Hont and Pzmny who assisted Gza's son, the future King Stephen I of Hungary against his relative, the pagan Koppny who claimed for Gza's inheritance. The deed of foundation of the Pannonhalma Archabbey (issued in 1001) referred to both brothers as the king's military leaders (duces). The brothers were granted possessions on the north-western parts of the kingdom (primarily in present-day Slovakia). Hont county was named after one of them. Lampert from the kindred Hont-Pzmny (?1132) founded the Abbey of Bozk. His first wife was the sister of King Ladislaus I of Hungary. He held about 30 possessions and thus he was one of the wealthiest landowners of the kingdom. In 1124, he took part in the campaign of King Stephen II of Hungary against Dalmatia. Lampert was murdered by the followers of King Bla II the Blind, because he was suspected of supporting Boris Kalamanos's claim to the throne. Around 1201, Martin from the kindred Hont-Pzmny (?1236/1245) held the office of count (comes) at the court of the future King Andrew II of Hungary, and served as the Ban of Croatia and Dalmatia. In 1202 and between 1212-1213, Martin was the Ban of Slavonia and he was styled Ban also in 1224 and 1234. In 1214, he held the office of judge royal (orszgbr). He founded the Abbey of Ipolysg (today ahy in Slovakia). Achilles from the kindred Hont-Pzmny (b. 12101252) was bishop of Pcs between 1251 and 1252. Lampert from the kindred Hont-Pzmny (of the branch of Csalomja) was bishop of Eger from 1247 to 1275.

Alternate theory on their origin


Some modern authors suggest that the clan Hont-Poznany was formed by intermarriages of two separate families, the Hunts and the Poznans ("Pzmnys", "Posnans") when the latter's male line died out in the mind-12th century. They claim that the ancestors both of the two families were already nobles at the time of Great Moravia and preserved their possessions after the incorporation of their territories into the arising Hungarian state. The theory suggests that they kept their Christian faith during the 10th century and its followers claim that the foundation deed of the Benedictine monastery of Bzovk proves that hereditary estates from the time before the arrival of the Magyars

Hont-Pzmny prevailed in the Hunts' property. The Pzmnys oversaw the Benedictine monastery below Zobor hill near Nitra and became its secular patrons. According to the theory, the seat of the Hunt family was the Hont castle and they ruled in the Central Ipe region in today's southern Slovakia, while the Pzmnys ruled in the region of today's north western Slovakia in the 10th century. Both families acknowledged the sovereignty of Michael of the House of rpd and thus they became nobles at the his court in Nitra. After Michael's death, the new ruler, Vajk (Stephen I) and the local nobility, spearheaded by the Pzmny and Hunt houses, developed very close personal ties and while fighting the Koppny rebellion in 997, Stephen took shelter with Pzmny and Hunt ("Poznano" and "Cuntio"); they in turn added their troops to the retinue of Stephen's Bavarian wife Giselle. The united forces then defeated Koppny, making Stephen the sole ruler of the emerging Hungarian state. In the 11th and 12th century the Hunts owned estates mainly in the county of Hont and along the Ipe river. By the 11th and 12th centuries the Pzmns' estates were mainly in the valley of the Nitra river. According to the alternate theory, the Pzmns' male line died out in the mid-12th century; allied by marriage to the Hunts, the line became "Hont-Pzmny".

Sources
Fgedi, Erik: Ispnok, brk, kiskirlyok - a kzpkori magyar arisztokrcia fejldse (Counts, Barons and Petty Kings - The Development of the Hungarian Medieval Aristocracy); Magvet Knyvkiad, 1986, Budapest; ISBN 963-14-0582-6. Krist, Gyula (editor): Korai Magyar Trtneti Lexikon - 9-14. szzad (Encyclopedia of the Early Hungarian History - 9-14th centuries); Akadmiai Kiad, 1994, Budapest; ISBN 963-05-6722-9. Krist, Gyula: Nhny megjegyzs a magyar nemzetsgekrl (Some remarks on the Hungarian clans), in: Tanulmnyok az rpd-korrl, pp. 26-50. (Studies on the Age of the rpds); Magvet Knyvkiad, 1983, Budapest; ISBN 963-271-890-9. Mark, Lszl: A magyar llam fmltsgai Szent Istvntl napjainkig - letrajzi Lexikon (The High Officers of the Hungarian State from Saint Stephen to the Present Days - A Biographical Encyclopedia); Magyar Knyvklub, 2000, Budapest; ISBN 963-547-085-1. Jn Lukaka: Beginnings of the formation of Aristocracy on the territory of Slovakia (available online [2]) Lukaka, Jn. 2002. Formovanie vyej achty na zpadnom Slovensku. Jn Steinhbel: Nitrianske knieatstvo [Nitrian principality], Veda, vydavatestvo Slovenskej akadmie vied + Vydavatestvo Rak, 2004, Bratislava [with several further Slovak and Hungarian genealogy and orher references listed in the book] Hunt-Pzmn in: Slovakia and the Slovaks - A concise encyclopaedia, Encyklopedical Institute of the Slovak Academy of Sciences, 1994

References
[1] Post hc venit Hunt et Pazman, duo fratres carnales, milites coridati orti de Svevia. Hi enim passagium per Hungariam cum suis militibus facientes ultra mare ire intendebant. Qui detenti per ducem Geicham, tandem sanctum regem Stephanum in flumine Goron Teutonico more gladio militari accinxerunt. [2] http:/ / www. angelfire. com/ tx5/ texasczech/ Slav%20Origins/ Aristocracy. htm

Article Sources and Contributors

Article Sources and Contributors


Hont-Pzmny Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?oldid=589304605 Contributors: Borsoka, Fakirbakir, Joy, LocodeMaster, Madboy74, Mild Bill Hiccup, Norden1990, The Emperor's New Spy, Vlad Stajdl, Xenxax, 2 anonymous edits

Image Sources, Licenses and Contributors


File:Coa Hungary Family Hont-Pzmny.svg Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Coa_Hungary_Family_Hont-Pzmny.svg License: Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike Contributors: Madboy74

License
Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 //creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/

Related Interests