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INSULATED CONDUCTORS COMMITTEE - SPRING 2008 March9 t h - March 12 t h Transnational

INSULATED CONDUCTORS COMMITTEE - SPRING 2008

March9 th - March 12 th Transnational lunch

Advances in EHV extruded cables

P. Mirebeau, Nexans

Advances in EHV extruded cables : Content 1. Welded aluminium laminate screen 2. Environmental impact

Advances in EHV extruded cables: Content

1. Welded aluminium laminate screen

2. Environmental impact

3. Operation in Abu Dhabi

4. Extruded HVDC

D. Dubois

F. Poilleaux (Sileccable), L Bénard (Prysmian)

P. Schneider (Transco), C. Federspiel

J. Matallana

P. Schneider (Transco), C. Federspiel J. Matallana Comparison of 400kV 2000mm² Copper XLPE cables, as a
P. Schneider (Transco), C. Federspiel J. Matallana Comparison of 400kV 2000mm² Copper XLPE cables, as a

Comparison of 400kV 2000mm² Copper XLPE cables, as a function of their screen

design (CIGRE 2002)

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Welded aluminium laminate screen 1/2 Current carrying capacity: 1800 A Max ambient temp. 40°C Short-circuit

Welded aluminium laminate screen 1/2

Welded aluminium laminate screen 1/2 Current carrying capacity: 1800 A Max ambient temp. 40°C Short-circuit current:

Current carrying capacity: 1800

A

Max ambient temp. 40°C Short-circuit current:

63 kA for 2 sec. BIL: 1550 kV but test level is 1675 kV

2500 mm² Copper Milliken, 6 segments

30.4 mm (1197 mils) XLPE

insulation

Smooth Aluminum Sheath thickness 2.2 mm (87 mils)

HFFR (Halogen Free Fire Retardant) outer jacket. Thickness 5.5 mm (18 mils)

Conductor Milliken, 6 segments

Conductor screen

Insulation Dry curing XLPE

Insulation screen

Semi-conducting Water-swelling Tape

Smooth Aluminium laminated Sheath

HFFR sheath

Extruded SC skin

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Welded aluminium laminate screen 2/2 Type Tests Program Electrical type tests are based on IEC

Welded aluminium laminate screen 2/2 Type Tests Program

Electrical type tests are based on IEC 62067 Lightning impulse test: 1675 kV, Switching impulse: 1300 kV The Cable Jacket must comply with IEC 60332-3 category A. A special compound has been developed by Nexans to comply with the fire requirements and the physic & chemical requirements.

developed by Nexans to comply with the fire requ irements and the physic & chemical requirements.
developed by Nexans to comply with the fire requ irements and the physic & chemical requirements.

ICC spring 2008

developed by Nexans to comply with the fire requ irements and the physic & chemical requirements.

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Environmental Impact (French report to be published at CIGRE 2008) Comparison of the improvement of

Environmental Impact (French report to be published at CIGRE 2008)

Comparison of the improvement of cable link impacts with known im

Improvement

Reference

Global warming reduction

Screen design Welded Aluminium Screen

2000 mm² Cu 225 kV (Corrugated.Aluminium.Sc reen.)

7,8% i.e.

12 tons CO 2 /year.link km

=

0,12 truck/year.link km

 

=

152 tons CO 2 /year.link km

 

Conductor cross section 2000mm² copper(WAS)

800mm² copper (WAS)

37,3% i.e. 55tons CO 2 /year.link km =0,47 truck/year.link km

=

148 tons CO 2 /year.link km

Insulation of the individual copper wires 2000mm² copper(WAS) insulated wires

2000mm² copper(WAS) bare wires

20,7% i.e. 38,5tons CO 2 /year/link km =0,33 truck/year.link km

=

185 tons CO 2 /year.link km

Insulation thickness 18 to 27mm

800 and 2000mm² (WAS)

Negligible

Earthing conditions Single point bonded

2000mm² (WAS) Solid bonded

High (up to 70%) Solid bonding to be avoided

Installation type Trefoil formation

2000mm² (WAS) flat formation

7,7% i.e. 14,5tons CO 2-- / year/link km

=

198 tons CO 2 /year.link km

   

=

0,12 truck/ year.link km

is equivalent to one to

The global warming of one km of cable link

two trucks depending on the design, installation and operation

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conditions

Operation in Abu Dhabi 1/2 ICC spring 2008 6

Operation in Abu Dhabi 1/2

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Operation in Abu Dhabi 2/2 Fibres are typically in a 30mm diameter pipe which is

Operation in Abu Dhabi 2/2

Fibres are typically in a 30mm diameter pipe which is 250mm far from 2 power cable phases.

In this environment, temperature measurements are useful to picture out hot spots and changes in the thermal environment of the link.

The ignorance of such thermal profile could lead to unsuspected overload of the cable.

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Extruded HVDC +64kV/mm (test still in progress) Insulation system assessment in MV size model cables

Extruded HVDC

+64kV/mm (test still in progress)
+64kV/mm
(test still in progress)

Insulation system assessment in MV size model cables (95mm², 5.5mm wall thickness)

3000h at – 64kV/mm (Laplace field), 80°C followed by 4000h at

outer SC inner SC Electric Field under short circuit (cathode) (anode) 40 20 E sc
outer SC
inner SC
Electric Field under short circuit
(cathode)
(anode)
40
20
E
sc 14d (kV/mm)
0
-20
E
sc 39d (kV/mm)
-40
E
sc 73d (kV/mm)
-60
-80
E
sc 111d (kV/mm)
-100
E
sc 150d (kV/mm)
-120
-140
E
sc 194d (kV/mm)
-160
6,8
7,3
7,8
8,3
8,8
9,3
9,8
10,3
10,8
11,3
11,8
insulation radius (mm)
Total Field (kV/mm)
inner SC outer SC Electric Field under short circuit (cathode) (anode) 40 85 days E
inner SC
outer SC
Electric Field under short circuit
(cathode)
(anode)
40
85 days
E
sc 4d (kV/mm)
30
E
sc 52d (kV/mm)
E
sc 85d (kV/mm)
20
E
sc 129d (kV/mm)
10
129 days
0
-10
4 days
52 days
-20
6,8
7,3
7,8
8,3
8,8
9,3
9,8
10,3
10,8
11,3
8 11,8
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insulation radius (mm)
Total Field (kV/mm)