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English Learning Center

Founded On October 29,1983

Useful prefixes and suffixes


Eris De la Rosa Less =suffix used to change some (adjectives, nouns) into opposites >from adjectives: harmless,useless,richless,strongless,softless,hardless,sweeteless, itterless >from nouns:endless,godless, rainless,worthless,homeles,careless,wireless,hopeless,helpless,lawless clotheless,nameless, lameless,jo less,headless,guiltless,tasteless,changeles,noiseles,stainless,coinless speachless,parentless,friendless,fatherless,sameless,priceless,experienceless,wireless Ful=suffix used to change some nouns into adjectives !areful, wonderful, eautiful,faithful,than"ful,grateful,cheerful,truthful,peaceful,powerful,hurtful colourful,hopeful,painful,helpful,stressful,successful,masterful,awful,tasteful,rightful,restful,pla#ful fateful,fearful,deceitful,dou tful,dutiful,forgetful,harmful,hateful,lawful,mindful,jo#ful,meaningful respectful Er = suffix used to change some ver s into nouns, or adjectives into comparative form from ver s: writer, reader,painter,wor"er,singer,helper,timer,emplo#er,reporter,teacher from adjectives : igger,smaller,shorter,richer,deeper,sadder,taller,softer,lighter,whiter,stronger,wea"er Ar = suffix used to change some ver s into nouns liar, eggar, urglar or = suffix used to change some ver s into nouns sailor,tailor,actor,director,investor,investigator,predator,legislator,educator,cali rator,prosecutor operator,monitor,administrator,illuminator,pro#ector,survivor,savior,terminator,protector Ing =suffix used to change some ver s into nouns writing, reading,listening,hearing,feeling,learning,teaching,dating,opening,nursing,fitting shipping, uilding,finding,saving,landing,understanding,sta#ing,moving,mar"eting,"eeping,$uestioning discovering,living,lasting,setting, eginning,starting,sampling,routing,following,charming,printing wedding,lifting,rising,warning,"illing, earing,surfing,meaning, eginning,meeting,plum ing, om ing manufacturing,housing, Ing =suffix used to change some ver s into adjectives lasting,interesting,ama%ing, oring,charming,moving,shimmering,missing,freshening, Ness= suffix used to change some adjectives into nouns sadness, richness, happiness,deepness,dar"ness, itterness,sweetness,highness,"indness,slaveness tallness, adness,whiteness,softness,sic"ness,sameness,politeness,$uietness,slowness,dr#ness,holiness namelessness,easiness,naturalness,lateness,unfriedshipness,wetness,freshness,coldness,sh#ness greatness,deafness,hardness,na"eness,powerlessness,wic"edness,forgiveness,la%iness,newness,usefulness Tion= suffix used to change some ver s into nouns pollution, recommendation,creation,hesitation,medication,reaction,o servation,determination,reaction pu lication,meditation,explanation,manipulation,expectation,education,direction,organi%ation,attraction invention,o servation,donation

Able= suffix used to change some ver drin"a le,capa le,reasona le,explaina honoura le,admira le,valua le,afforda desira le,allowa le,availa le,considera

s into adjectives le,enjo#a le, elieva le,remova le,comforta le,& taina le le,tracea le,changea le,dependa le,replacea le,adjusta le le,sha"a le,achieva le,treata le, eara le,forgeta le,stoppa le

In=prefix used to change some adjectives into appositive indirect, inade$uate,inexpensive,insured,inforced,indestructi le Ship= suffix used to change some nouns into a stract su stantives friendship,relationship,foremanship,mem ership,citi%enship,lordship,courtship,dictatorship,leardership deanship,partnership,championship,scholarship,churchmanship,coachmanship Non=prefix used to change some adjectives into oppositive, attached to warning expressions non'metalic,non'aging,non'corrosive,non'inflamma le,non'adhesive,non'stic",non'toxic,non'spar" non'conductive,non'attendance,non'standard,non'human,non'moving, Y= suffix used to change some (nouns,adjectives) into tin# form dadd#,momm#,dogg#,pigg#,johnn#,short#,wea"#,fatt#,sadd# Y= suffix used to change some (nouns,ver s) into adjectives >from nouns:funn#,dust#,jun"#,rain#,health#,luc"#,nois#,cra%#,trou l#,worth#,fault#,guilt#, lam# juic#,roc"#,ston#,greas#,scar#, leed#,nutt#,angr#,hungr#,dirt#,ris"#,mood#,hill#, itch#,horn#,ach#,storm# >from ver s :stic"#,la%#,eas#, urglar#,wear#,roc"#, la%#,itch#,surger#,tric"#,flirt#,smo"#,discover#,ach# stin"#,jer"# Ly= suffix used to change adjectives into adver s sadl#,carefull#,tenderl#,softl#,easil#, adl#,clearl#,slowl#,$uic"l#,wisel#,lonel#,simpl#,coldl#,deepl# Ly= suffix used to change some nouns into adjectives dail#,#earl#,deathl#,deadl#,worldl#,costl#,ghostl#,deathl#,worldl#,priestl#,motherl#,manl#,heavenl# accidentall#,intentionall#,friendl# Ous= suffix used to change some nouns into adjectives famous,marvelous,jealous,dangerous,furious,prosperous,curious,glorious,cautious,gorgeous,grievous continuous,ha%ardous,anxiuos,renve%vous,poisonous,scandalous,incestuous,miraculous,numerous Ment= suffix used to change ver s into nouns replacement, appointment,judgement,engagement, improvement, emplo#ment, pa#ment,shipment agreement,movement, entertainment,treatment,enlargement,commitment,development esta lishment,government,disappointment,punishment,announcement,management,attachement arrangement,advancement,e$uipment,achievement,settlement Un=prefix used to change some adjectives into opposite unusual,unsured,unmarried,unsaid,unhapp#,unfaithful,un$uiet,un elieva le,unpleasant,unexpected unsupported,uneas#,unanswered,unlimited,unmounted,unwanted,unforgetta le,uncertain,unjustice unsettled,untid#,unexplaina le,unnecessar#,unaccepta le,uns"illed,ungrateful,unnamed,un$uietness unstead#,unsha"a le,unattended,unprotected Un=prefix used to change some ver s into opposite Unlaw,uncover,unease,un loc",un rea",unloc",uninterrupt,unouple,un otton,un"now,unchain,undo untie,unassem le,unwrap,unexpect,unleash,unprice,unsuccess,ungrate,unsha"e,unclear,unden#

En =prefix used to change some nouns into transitive ver s enchain,engage,encourage,endanger,enforce, En =suffix used to change some adjectives into transitive ver s deepen,harden,soften, linden,sadden,sic"en,fatten,whiten,lighten,$uic"en,wea"en,widen,tighten,loosen flatten,straighten,sharpen,shorten,lessen, righten,dampen,worsen,awa"en,wetten,madden,dar"en,$uiten sweeten En =prefix used to change some adjectives into transitive ver s ena le,enlarge,enrich,enclose,ensure,endamage En =suffix used to change some nouns into transitive ver s threaten,frighten,hearten,strengthen,lengthen,fasten wooden, golden (adjectives Ance= suffix used to change some ver s into nouns appearance,deliverance, guidance,insurance,clearance,acceptance,remem erance,performance maintenance,allowance,assurance,distur ance,resistance,attendance,admittance,inheritance,importance ignorance,assistance, surveillance, Hood= suffix used to change some concrete su stantives into a stract su stantives rotherhood,motherhood,neigh ordhood,childhood,fatherhood,falsehood,adulthood is=prefix used to change some ver s into wrongfull# meaning)attached to opposite* misread, misunderstand,miswrite,misalign,misplace,miscarr#,mis ehave,misinterpret,mischarge mislead,mistreat,misuse,misjudge,mishandle,mispronounce,misconduct !is= prefix used to change some (ver s,adjectives) into wrongfull# meaning, attached to opposite Disa le,dismiss,disagree,disorder,diso e#,dispiece,disadjust,disli"e,disappoint,discount,disconnect discharge,discourage,distruct,disprove,displace,displease,disarm,disassem le,disfigure,dis$uiet dishonest,discounted,disrespect Al= suffix used to change some nouns into adjectives medical,musical,magical,technological,ideological,economical,logical,critical,political,c#lindrical,optical mathematical,mechanical,alpha etical,electrical,chemical,graphical,t#pical,ps#chological So e =suffix used to change some nouns into adjectives trou lesome,dar"some,fearsome,handsome,awesome,worrisome,tiresome,lonesome, othersome urdensome,wearisome,loathsome,ir"some,fulsome,wholesome "ge = suffix used to change some ver s nouns into su stantives wattage,carriage,pac"age,storage,luggage,drainage,lea"age,slipperage,outage,dressage,usage leverage, rea"age,hostage,spillage,heritage,footage,percentage,marriage,coverage, aggage,passage sausage, o#er =prefix used to change some ver s into excessivel# or completel# meaning overheat,overcharge,oversee,overpa#,overexcite,overthrow,overflow,overturn,oversleep,over urn overrun,overcome,overdo,overvalue,overestimate,overwor",overtight,oversi%e,overta"e, overweight,overjo#,overhaul be =prefix used to change some ver s into intensified meaning efall, efit, ecome, ehold, eache, ehave, esteal, ehead

be =prefix used to change some nouns into ver s efriend, efool, ecurl, ewild, ewitch, esiege out=prefix used to change some (ver s, nouns) into surprising, exceeding, or external meaning from ver :outdo,outpla#,outrun,outlive,outlast,outsell,outlet,outgrow,outperform,out uild,outdrin" outechieve,out ear,out id,out la%e,out reath,outland,outwear,outfit,outfoot,outpost,outweight,outsmart from noun:outclass,outdoor,out oard,outdistance,outfile,outfitting under =prefix used to change some (ver s ,nouns) into lessen, or eneath meaning from ver :undergo,understand,undereducate,underemplo#,underdeveloped,undercarr#,undervalue underpa#,underfill,underachieve,under id,under oil,under rea",undercharge,underta"e from noun:undersecretar#,underage,undercarriage,undersea,underwater,under oss,underclu ,underground !o =suffix used to change some (nouns, adjectives) into a stract su stantive "ingdom,freedom,wisdom,assholedom, a #dom,attorne#dom, eaut#dom, ossdom, o#dom,churchdom "te =suffix used to change some nouns into ver s calculate,activate,hesitate,imite,estimulate,considerate,desperate,approximate,duplicate,ela orate separate,discrimate,pu licate,educate,manipulate,medicate,o servate,meditate,communicate Ed= suffix used to change some ver s into adjectives punched,touched,washed,helped,covered,collected,searched,cursed,loved,founded,stopped, eated,crossed sacred,admired,amased,anno#ed,ashamed, ored,confused,connected,disappointed,excited,pac"ed na"ed,satisfied,scared,pleased,surprised,wic"ed,worried,wounded,interested,admitted,adopted,drogged adultered,agreed, lessed,cancelled,closed,contaminated En =suffix used to change some irregular ver s into past participle eaten,given, eaten,forgiven,hidden,written,ta"en,gotten,seen, een,for itten,spo"en,driven,diven forgotten, itten,chosen, ro"en,fro%en,forsa"en,arisen,a iden,stolen,fallen li$e =suffix used to change some nouns a stract su stantives o#li"e,childli"e, loodli"e,hellli"e,airli"e,adultli"e,acheli"e, irdli"e, itchli"e, athli"e,assli"e,airportli"e accountli"e i"n =suffix used to change some su stantives into nouns,attached to tas"ing, s"illed la ouring,nationalit# historian,technician,magician,electrician,ph#sician,comedian,custodian,indian,li rarian,mathematician musician,o stretrician,optician,pedriatrician,politician,vegetarian,veterinarian,dietician,forestian italian,russian,germanian,practician,academician,argentinian,universitarian,galician,aeg#ptian,clinician palestinian,s#rian,civilian, ritainian,iranian,christian ure = suffix used to change some ver s into a stract su stantives pleasure,exposure,closure,composure,departure,failure,leisure,culture,creature,moisture,furniture,feature sei%ure,pressure,rupture,mixture,projecture "che=suffix used to change some nouns into a stract su stantives, attached to feeling, od# conditions headache,toothache,stomachache, ac"ache, oneache,earache,faceache, ell#ache, od#ache,heartache

Ening=compound suffix (En+,ng), used to change some adjectives into su stantives whitening,hardening,softening,lightening,fattening,heartening,tightening,sharpening,loosening threatening,strenghtening,shortening,sharpening, rightening,worsening,lessening,heartening, lindening saddening,wea"ening,widening,tightening,flattening* Ener=compound suffix (En+ Er), used to change some adjective into nouns whitener,hardener,softener,lightener,fattener,heartener,tightener,sharpener,loosener threatener,strenghtener,shortener,sharpener, rightener,worsener,lessener,heartener, lindener saddener,wea"ener,widener,tightener,flattener Noun%& "n'(o "n) >su stantives ,attached to tas"ing,s"illed la ouring,nationalit#

countr#man,mil"man,mailman,letterman, readman,millionman,petman, allman,fireman,doorman truc"man , agman,comed#man,gardenman,woodman, ottleman,ca"eman,cageman,cameraman,gunman raveman,caveman,horseman,photoman, usinessman,cattleman,churchman,chairman,pianoman,petman congressman,lawman,cowman,deadman,deliver#man,earthman,dutchman,englishman,engineman farmman,fishman,gar ageman,gateman,grocer#man,handcraftman,toolstoreman,harvestman,irishman repairman,postman,neigh orman,sportman,taximan,woodcraftman,ploughman,policeman,saleman foreman,frenchman,headman,showman,shipman,chessman,countr#man,huntsman,nightman,spo"esman Noun%noun >su stantives, attached to location,tas"ing,la ouring,condition,trade doghouse, power service,dead#ard,flowershop,toolstore,flower ag,chrismapa#ment,mil"factor#,mone# ag schoolchair,hardwarestore,chrisma read,dead od#,emergenc#door,schoolmaterial, oo"store,first orn phonegirl,phonesecretar#,school ag,homeland,homemade,ta#lorshop, ar ershop,haircutshop,petshop food service, new orn, loc"head,woodcraft, om proof,fireproof Noun%ing > su stantive ananaplanting,cornplanting,riceplanting,coffeplanting,machine setting,car renting,hair cutting water pumping,home uilding,cost'cutting,woodma"ing,handma"ing Noun%#erb %er > su stantive, attached to tas"ing,s"illed la ouring

truck driver, planedriver, haircutter,breadmaker,baseball player,blood sucker,wood cutter, watchrepairer horserider ,hole digger,law maker,babysitter,newsmaker,bus driver,housekeeper,grassmower,woodmaker teacher helper,painkiller,clothesholder, moneyholder,taxi driver,hair styler,drugdealer,troublemaker toolmaker,landowner,firmmaker
ing %Noun > su stantive rea"ingnews'("rning information,washing machine,roc"ingchair,dinningroom,measuringtool cutting machine, oiling set,printing machine,fishing oat,nursing room, wrting ta le,storing room cleaning service,heating room,pressing machine,chec"ing room, ottling room,measuring instrument welding machine,neigh oring town,firefighting service,training room,ventilating e$uipment reathing e$uipment,warning ads, powering room,operating manual,pricing list

-ome -tuc" words

.hen (t) is placed etween / vowel: eaten ,martin .hen ( t) is placed efore diphthong:curtain, captain,certain when (t,d) is dou led: otton, itten,written,getting,hidden,sitting .hen ( t,d) is placed efore ing:hunting,spreading, eacon,second .hen ( consonant) is placed after diphthong .hen ( consonant) is placed after diphthong .hen ( t,d) is placed etween consonant and vowel :garden ,important,student

-ome dropped words 0nd, wanted,planted,car,guitar,mister#,secretar#,histor#,sir,interesting, factor#,internet ever#,plent#,tower,memor#,listen,militar#,centur#