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Environmental Impact Assessment The EIA guidelines set forth by DOE for various types of industries define EIA

as a comprehensive process involving study of the probable adverse impacts upon the physical, biological and socio-economic environment due to a proposed industry, development activity or project and formulation of a suitable environment management plan toward offsetting those adverse impacts and enhancing environmental uality! Objectives of EIA The objectives of EIA, as stipulated in the above guidelines, are" to identify sources of impacts that the proposed activity could have upon the various environmental components and to recogni#e which of those sources are critical$ to predict the impacts using ualitative and, if possible, uantitative methods$ to recommend an environmental management plan %E&'( to reduce adverse impacts and enhance positive contributions of the industry, development activity or project by e)ploring changes needed to be brought about in technology, use of raw materials, fuels, designs, operational practices, or even by evaluating alternative sites for the industry, development activity or project$ to present results of impact identification, prediction and assessment with suggested mitigation measures$ and to set the basis for continuous monitoring of the *ey activities of the industry, development activity or project and that of the environmental conditions! The EIA process The EIA process needs to pass through the following three tiers in order to optimi#e the resources re uired for conducting EIA studies" Screening" to decide whether the EIA process needs to be applied to the specific case and, if so, the type %IEE or EIA($ Initial Environmental Examination (IEE)" to help delineate potential adverse impacts upon the environmental components and to find ways to mitigate the impacts or enhance the uality of those environmental components$ Full-scale EIA" to carry out detailed e)amination of the impacts through conducting surveys and monitoring with the application of rigorous impact prediction tools, where necessary, and ensuring effectiveness of the mitigation and enhancement measures through formulation of Environment &anagement 'lans! Components of EIA Assembled legislative re uirements, engineering, environmental and socio-economic data will be assessed in greater detail to ensure that all activities and their conse uences+li*ely impacts are considered in full! The EIA document should typically include" a. Project Description" describing about the e)isting as well as proposed scenario with a mention on right of way, rural road improvements, rural road maintenance, rural waterways, growth center mar*ets, cross drainage structures, community facilities, traffic projections etc! b. Environmental Regulatory rame!or"# presents the legal and administrative framewor* of the ,overnment of -angladesh and .orld -an* environmental guidelines! This section underlines various clearances applicable for the project at the Department of Environment! c. E$isting Environmental Con%itions&'aseline Environmental /tatus, the e)isting environmental conditions by conducting a recogni#ance survey along with collection of secondary information! 'rimary data for various environmental

parameters to be generated using suitable monitoring devises! The methodology to be strictly adhered to the Department of Environment stipulated guidelines! In order to identify any potential impact on and potential change to the natural and socioeconomic environments, the e)isting baseline environmental data are to be collected! -aseline will include but not limited to following" 'rimary data+monitoring to define characteristics of the e)isting environmental condition including soil, water, air, noise, land use, cultural properties and flora and fauna! - &onitoring to be carried at critical locations$ - Identification of residential, commercial, industrial and forest areas for monitoring$ - Air and noise monitoring at significant location, major settlements, mos ue, school and hospitals etc!$ - .ater monitoring at river+canal+pond and ground water sources near major settlements$ - /oil monitoring at major settlements, near surface water bodies$ - Tree inventory to be carried out, in consultation with the 0orest Department$ and - Inventory of cultural, religious and archeological sites will be done along with measurements, details and photographs, consultation will be done for gathering public opinion! /econdary data to define meteorological, geology, seismicity, uarries, borrow areas, disposal sites etc! - Details of uarry and borrow areas to be used will be collected %photographs, measurements and public opinion( and a comprehensive plan for e)tracting material will be prepared! - &eteorological data from -angladesh &eteorological Department %-&D(, topographic sheets and maps from /urvey of -angladesh %/O-(, geological and soil data from -angladesh /oil 1esources Institute, /eismic data from /pace 1esearch and 1emote /ensing Organi#ation %/'A1/O(! /ocial data including ownership pattern, identification of tribals, vulnerable social groups, land estimates etc! b. Impact Pre%iction & li"ely impact addressing all the anticipated impacts on the physical and social environment! Impacts prediction being the challenging and controversial stage of the EA process will be dealt with carefully! 1eliable methods available for predicting some environmental parameters, e!g! air uality impacts should be used, whereas other predictions can be based more on professional judgment, e!g! impacts of construction activity on animals+cattle! 0or true impacts prediction following uestionnaire will be attempted to answer" 2ow will a particular project activity give rise to an impact3 2ow li*ely is it that an impact will occur3 .hat will be the conse uence of each impact3 .hat will be the spatial and temporal e)tent of each impact3 c. Analysis of Alternatives To be presented carried out during feasibility stage, covered in Environmental screening and scoping report, and the approved alternative to be discussed in detail along with environmental attributes under impact! .ith or without the project! Analysis criteria to include environmental, social, technical+design and economic options! Alignment options within e)isting 1O.s! Other engineering alternatives! %. (ta"ehol%er Consultation at all (tages of Project to be carried out in order to *now the reactions of local population and the project affected people %'A'(! Identification of sta*eholders primary as well as secondary! - 'rimary sta*eholders include people having direct impact! - /econdary sta*eholders include village representatives, women4s group, voluntary organi#ations 5,Os, field level officers and staff, other government officials!

/tructured 6onsultation - 6onsultation at 7illage 8evel - 6onsultation at 9pa#ila and District 8evel - 6onsultation at Divisional level I%entification of Environmental Impacts -ased on base line data collected along with engineering and social inputs, a comprehensive study will be ta*en to identify the possible impact on environmental attributes! The impacts will be defined in terms of their temporal and spatial implication! Determining Degree of Impact Once all project environmental aspects will be identified, the level of impact that may result from each of the activity-receptor interactions will be assessed! In assessing the level of impact that an activity may cause, two *ey elements are considered namely" Conse)uence# the resultant impact %positive or negative( of an activity4s interaction with the legal, natural and+or socio-economic environments$ the categori#ation for conse uence is presented below! Conse)uence Categories an% Ran"ings /ignificant &ajor &oderate &inor 5egligible 5one 'ositive &ost sever, alternative will be proposed through environmental ha#ard ris* management /ever, alternative+avoidance will be proposed through environmental ha#ard ris* management 8ess severe, measures will be proposed to minimi#e impact 8esser sever, mitigation measures will be proposed 8ess sever, mitigation and enhancement measures will be prepared 5o impact, enhancement measures will be proposed 'ositive impact

*i"elihoo%# the li*elihood that an activity will occur! The categori#ation for li*elihood is presented in below! *i"elihoo% Categories an% Ran"ings *i"elihoo% Category Definition 6ertain The activity will occur under normal operating conditions! 7ery li*ely The activity is very li*ely to occur under normal operating condition! 8i*ely The activity is li*ely to occur at some time under normal operating condition! 9nli*ely The activity is unli*ely to but may occur at some time under normal operating condition! 7ery unli*ely The activity is very unli*ely to occur under normal operating conditions but may occur in e)ceptional circumstances! +itigation +easures &itigation measures will be considered starting with Environmental Assessment process! Impacts identified severe in conse uence category and or li*elihood category will be further analy#ed to identify additional mitigation measures that are potentially available to eliminate or reduce the predicted level of impact! 'otential mitigation measures will include" - habitat compensation program - species specific management program - engineering design solutions - alternative approaches and methods to achieving an activity4s objective - sta*eholders participation in finali#ing mitigation measures - construction practice, including labour welfare measures!

- operational control procedures - management systems Environmental +anagement Plan Proposal If identified impacts :'hysical+/ocial+6ultural, i!e! are significant and+or important, it is necessary to identify and implement mitigation measures! &itigation measures are selected to reduce or eliminate the severity of any predicted adverse environmental impacts and improve the overall environmental performance and acceptability of the project! .here mitigation is deemed appropriate, a proponent should strive to act upon effects, in the following order of priority, to" - Eliminate or avoid adverse impacts, where reasonably achievable! - 1educe adverse impacts to the lowest reasonably achievable level! - 1egulate adverse impacts to an acceptable level, or to an acceptable time period! - 6reate other beneficial impacts to partially or fully substitute for, or counter-balance, adverse effects! &itigation is an integral part of impact evaluation! It loo*s for better ways of doing things so that the negative impacts of the proposal are eliminated or minimi#ed and the benefits are enhanced! As soon as significant adverse impacts are identified, discussions should be held to see if they can be ;designed out4 through changes in project design, location or operation! It is important therefore, that there is good integration between the EIA team and project design engineers! 'roject specific environmental construction guidelines should be developed! These guidelines should specify precautions and mitigation measures for construction activities, and to be included with the E&'! Environmental +onitoring Plan for In%ustries Environmen Parameters& tal ,nits component Implementation Pre-construction&Design (tage Air <uality '&, /O) and 5O) 5oise 8evel d-%A( /urface water p2, TD/, DO, -OD,6OD, Oil = ,rease 1-& 2eavy &etals %>n, 2g, 6d, 6r, As, 'b=6u( Construction (tage Air <uality '&, /O) and 5O) 5oise 8evel d-%A( /urface water p2, TD/, DO, -OD,6OD, Oil = ,rease 1-& 2eavy &etals %>n, 2g, 6d, 6r, As, 'b=6u( .astes Different *ind of wastes %including such as dredging debris, construction camp site waste etc! wastes( .ildlife A uatic .ildlife habitat and movement 2ealth and &onitoring of health and safety safety of wor*ers Operation (tage Air <uality '&, /O) and 5O) 5oise 8evel d-%A( /urface water p2, TD/, DO, -OD,6OD, Oil = ,rease +eans of +onitoring (upervision Test &easurement Test Test Test &easurement Test Test Inspection Once Once Twice %one each during lean flow and high flow seasons( once <uarterly As = when re uired Twice %one each during lean flow and high flow seasons( once Daily +onitoring Perio%& re)uency

Observation Inspection Test &easurement Test

.ee*ly Daily Once Once Twice %one each during lean flow and high flow seasons(