Gravity Retaining Wall Calculator

Time-Saver Standards for Landscape Architecture
2/19/2014
Concrete Gravity Retaining Wall Calculator-
Non-Surcharged Condition
Section 410: Retaining Wall
Time-Saver Standards for Landscape Architecture, Version 1.0
Nicholas T. Dines and Kyle D. Brown
This calculator is intended to assist in retaining wall calculations. Results are intended for preliminary design
purposes only. Although all calculations have been tested by the authors, NO warranty, expressed or implied, is made
as to the accuracy and functioning of the calculations, nor shall the fact of distribution constitute any such warranty, and
NO responsibility is assumed by the developers in connection therewith. All final calculations should be verified by a
Site and Wall Data
Select Desired Units of Measurement:
Caution: This application is not a conversion tool. If units are changed after data are entered, the values will
not be automatically converted to the new system.
Enter Height of Wall from Base (h): feet This calculator recommended only
for walls up to 3 m (10') high
Select Soil Type to be Retained:
Select Foundation Material:
Enter in Top Width of Wall: feet 2' min. recommended
Enter in Base Width of Wall: feet Recommended min.
base width (due to soil)= 0 feet
Wall Calculations
US Units System International (SI) Units
385 0 77 0 . . c S KL T ÷ =
0
0
R= 0.00
W= 0.00
#DIV/0! P= 0.00
Results are for preliminary design only.
All final calculations should be verified by a licensed professional. 1
Gravity Retaining Wall Calculator
Time-Saver Standards for Landscape Architecture
2/19/2014
Lateral Force (P):
The pressure of retained soil, acting at h/3 is found using the formula: P = 0.00 lbs
Where:
P= Lateral force acting at h/3, in kN or lbs
w= Force from weight of retained soil, in kN or lbs
(16 kN or 100 lbs for preliminary calculations)
h= Height of wall
Wall Weight/Vertical Force (W):
The wall section is divided into three sections (A, B, & C) based on materials. Section A = 0.00 lbs
Weight of each is calculated by determining the cross-sectional area of each
and multiplying by force from the weight of the material (w) (16 kN or 100 lbs Section B = 0.00 lbs
for soil, 23.5 kN or 150 lbs for concrete).
Section C = 0.00 lbs
Total Wall Weight (W) = 0.00 lbs
Locating the Centroid:
The moments (M) of the three sections (A, B, & C) are determined Moment of A = 0.00 ft lbs
by multiplying their weights by their respective moment arms, the
distance of vertical line of action from the toe of the wall. Moment of B = 0.00 ft lbs
Moment of C = 0.00 ft lbs
Sum of all Moments = 0.00 ft lbs
Moment Arm of Wall = #DIV/0! ft
The moment arm of the wall's entire cross section is found by dividing the
sum of all moments by the sum of all weights. The wall's centroid is found
by extending this moment arm from the toe of the wall at h/3
Resultant Force (R):
2
286 . 0
2
wh
P =
hw b W
A 1
=
hw b W
B 2
5 . 0 =
hw b W
C 2
5 . 0 =
1
5 . 0 b W M
A A
=
) 67 . 0 (
1 2
b b W M
C C
+ =
) 33 . 0 (
1 2
b b W M
B B
+ =
0 0
0.00 0.00
#DIV/0!
0
Results are for preliminary design only.
All final calculations should be verified by a licensed professional. 2
Gravity Retaining Wall Calculator
Time-Saver Standards for Landscape Architecture
2/19/2014
The resultant force of earth pressure and wall weight (R) is found by the formula: R = 0.00 lbs
The point where the resultant force cuts through the plane of the base must be
determined in order to assess wall stability. The distance between the wall
centerline and this point is the eccentricity (e), and is found through the formulas:
Sin x = #DIV/0!
x = #DIV/0!
Where:
x = The angle created by the intersection of the resultant force (R) e = #DIV/0! ft
and the weight of the wall (W).
For most stable soil conditions, the resultant force must cut through front part
of the middle 1/3 of the plane of the base.
Distance from toe where R cuts through base = #DIV/0! ft
Base width of wall = 0
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
Testing Wall Performance
Testing for Overturning:
The tendency for a wall to overturn is found by the formula: Resisting Moment = #DIV/0! ft lbs
Overturning Moment = 0.00 ft lbs
A safety factor of 2 or more is acceptable. Safety Factor = #DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
Testing for Crushing (Settlement at the Toe):
The tendency for a wall to settle at the toe is found by the formula: f= #DIV/0! psf
Where:
f= bearing force in kN or psf #DIV/0!
W= weight of wall #DIV/0!
A= wall base area [width of wall base x 1 m (ft)] #DIV/0!
e= wall eccentricity
d= footing dimension (base width of wall)
KCIA Q = b T K I c + =
R
P
x Sin =
|
.
|

\
|
÷ + = Arm Moment s Wall
wall of width Base
3
h
x Tan e '
2
(h/3) x P
Arm) Moment s (Wall' x W
|
.
|

\
|
+ =
d
e
A
W
f
6
1
5 . 0 2 2
) ( P W R + =
Results are for preliminary design only.
All final calculations should be verified by a licensed professional. 3
Gravity Retaining Wall Calculator
Time-Saver Standards for Landscape Architecture
2/19/2014
Testing for Sliding:
The tendency for a wall to slide is found by the formula: Foundation Coefficient of Friction = 0.6
A safety factor of 1.5 or more is acceptable. Safety Factor = #DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
P
Friction of t Coefficien Foundation x W
Results are for preliminary design only.
All final calculations should be verified by a licensed professional. 4