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Risk factors for hyperthyroidism include:

Medical Conditions
Medical conditions may increase your risk of hyperthyroidism:

Certain common viral infections PregnancyA small percentage of women develop postpartum thyroiditis (hyperthyroidism followed by hypothyroidism). A history of other autoimmune diseases

Age
Hyperthyroidism can happen at any age, but it is more common in people aged 60 and older. Graves disease is more likely to occur between ages 4060 years old.

Gender
Women are more likely than men to develop hyperthyroidism.

Genetic Factors
A family history of Graves disease or other forms of hyperthyroidism increases your risk.

Ethnic Background
People of Japanese ancestry appear to be at greater risk of hyperthyroidism. This may be attributed to a diet high in saltwater fish, which are rich sources of iodine.

Other Factors
If you had a diet that was deficient in iodine, then start taking iodine supplements, this can increase your risk of hyperthyroidism.
http://endocrine-system.emedtv.com/hyperthyroidism/hyperthyroidism-risk-factors.html

There are also factors that can increase a person's chances for developing hyperthyroidism. These are known as hyperthyroidism risk factors. One risk factor is being a woman. Women are 5 to 10 times more likely than men to develop hyperthyroidism. Other people at risk for an overactive thyroid include those with:

A previous thyroid problem, such as goiter A previous history of thyroid surgery Type 1 diabetes Primary adrenal insufficiency A family history of thyroid disease Pernicious anemia.

Risk factors also include those people:

Who eat large amounts of food containing iodine, such as kelp, or use iodine-containing medications, such as amiodarone, aheart medication Are older than 60 years of age Who have been pregnant or delivered a baby within the past six months Who smoke.

Risk factors for hyperthyroidism include:


Family history of thyroid disease Female gender Japanese race Pregnancy Smoking Age between 20 and 40 History of an autoimmune disease Injury to the neck and thyroid gland Major stress Treatment with interferon beta-1b and interleukin-4, immunosuppressant Iodine exposure or ingesting an excess of iodine-containing foods

therapy, antiretroviral treatment for AIDS, and lithium.

http://www.freemd.com/thyrotoxicosis/risk-factors.htm

Risk factors Positive family history of hyperthyroid condition Gender: females predisposed to hyperthyroid condition Other autoimmune disorders Iodide repletion after deprivation
https://www.clinicalkey.com/topics/endocrinology/hyperthyroidism.html