(B)
, ) 2 1
pV
(C)
, ) 2 1
pV
(D)
, ) 1
pV
Vidyamandir Classes
VMC/Gasesous State & Thermodynamics 80 HWT/Physics
7. A gas is suddenly expanded such that its final volume becomes 3 times its initial volume. If the specific heat at constant volume of
the gas is 2R, then the ratio of initial to final pressure is nearly equal to :
(A) 5 (B) 6.5 (C) 7 (D) 3.5
8. An ideal monoatomic gas at 27 C is compressed adiabatically to 8/27 times of its present volume. The increase in temperature of
the gas is:
(A) 375 C (B) 402 C (C) 175 C (D) 475 C
9. An ideal refrigerator has a freezer at a temperature of 13 C . The coefficient of performance of the engine in 5. The temperature
of the air (to which heat is rejected) will be :
(A) 127 C (B) 325 K (C) 39C (D) 320 C
10. Two moles of oxygen is mixed with eight moles of helium. The effective specific heat of the mixture at constant volume is:
(A) 1.3R (B) 1.4 R (C) 1.7 R (D) 1.7 R
Vidyamandir Classes
VMC/Gasesous State & Thermodynamics 81 HWT/Physics
DATE : IITJEE :
MARKS :
 

\ .
10
TIME : 25 MINUTES
NAME : TEST CODE : GST [3]
ROLL NO. START TIME : END TIME : TIME TAKEN:
STUDENTS SIGNATURE : PARENTS SIGNATURE :
This test contains a total of 10 Objective Type Questions.
Each question carries 1 mark. There is NO NEGATIVE marking.
Choose the correct alternative. Only one choice is correct. However, questions marked with * may have More than One
correct option.
1. A real gas behaves like an ideal gas if its :
(A) pressure and temperature are both high (B) pressure and temperature are both low
(C) pressure is high and temperature is low (D) pressure is low and temperature is high
2. A horizontal uniform glass tube of 100 cm length sealed at both ends contains 10cm mercury column in the middle.
The temperature and pressure are same of air on either side of mercury. If the air column at one end is kept at 0 C and the other
end at 273 C , the pressure of air which is at 0 C is (in cm of Hg)
(A) 76 (B) 88.2 (C) 102.4 (D) 12.2
3. It is seen that in proper ventilation of building, windows must be opened near the bottom and the top of the walls, so as to let pass:
(A) In hot near the roof and cool air out near the bottom
(B) out hot air near the roof
(C) in cool air near the bottom and hot air out near the roof
(D) in more air
4. One mole of an ideal gas having initial volume V, pressure 2p and
temperature T undergoes a cyclic process ABCDA as shown.
The net work done in the complete cycle is :
(A) zero (B)
1
2
2
RT n
(C) 2 RT n (D)
3
2
2
RT n
5. An ideal gas is taken from point A to the point B, as shown in the pV
diagram, keeping the temperature constant. The work done in the process is :
(A) , ) , )
A B B A
p p V V (B) , ) , )
1
2
B A B A
p p V V +
(C) , ) , )
1
2
B A B A
p p V V (D) , ) , )
1
2
A B B A
p p V V +
6. An ideal gas is allowed to expand freely against a vacuum in a rigid insulated container. The gas undergoes.
(A) an increase in its internal energy
(B) a decrease in its internal energy
(C) neither an increase nor a decrease in its temperature or internal energy
(D) a decrease in temperature
Vidyamandir Classes
VMC/Gasesous State & Thermodynamics 82 HWT/Physics
7. During the adiabatic process, the pressure of a gas is found to be proportional to the cube of its absolute temperature. The ratio
P V
C / C for the gas is :
(A) 4/3 (B) 2 (C) 5/3 (D) 3/2
8. The pressure and density of a given mass of a diatomic gas
7
5
 
=

\ .
change adiabatically from (p, d) to , ) p d ' ' , . If 32
d
d
'
= ,
then
p
p
'
is 9 = ratio of specific heats)
(A) 1/128 (B) 1/64 (C) 64 (D) 128
9. What is the value of sink temperature when efficiency of engine is 100% ?
(A) zero (B) 300 K (C) 273 K (D) 400 K
10. One mole of monoatomic gas and three moles of diatomic gas are put together in a container. The molar specific heat
(in
1 1
J K mol
)
(A) 18.7 (B) 18.9 (C) 19.2 (D) None of these
Vidyamandir Classes
VMC/Gasesous State & Thermodynamics 83 HWT/Physics
DATE : IITJEE :
MARKS :
 

\ .
10
TIME : 25 MINUTES
NAME : TEST CODE : GST [4]
ROLL NO. START TIME : END TIME : TIME TAKEN:
STUDENTS SIGNATURE : PARENTS SIGNATURE :
This test contains a total of 10 Objective Type Questions.
Each question carries 1 mark. There is NO NEGATIVE marking.
Choose the correct alternative. Only one choice is correct.
1. 1 mol of gas occupies a volume of 200 mL at 100 mm pressure. What is the volume occupied by two moles of gas at 400 mm
pressure and at same temperature?
(A) 50 mL (B) 100 mL (C) 200 mL (D) 400 mL
2. The molecules of a given mass of a gas have a rms velocity of 200 m/s at 27 C and
5 2
1 0 10 . N / m pressure. When the
temperature is 127 C and pressure is
5 2
0 5 10 . N / m , the rms velocity in m/s will be :
(A)
100 2
3
(B) 100 2 (C)
400
3
(D) None of these\
3. Two identical vessels A and B with frictionless pistons contain the same ideal gas at the same temperature and the same volume V.
The masses of gas in A B are m
A
and m
B
respectively. The gases are allowed to expand isothermally to same final volume 2 V.
The change in pressure of the gas in A and B found to be p and 1 5 . p respectively. Then:
(A) 9m
A
= 4m
B
(B) 3m
A
= 2m
B
(C) 2m
A
= 3m
B
(D) 4m
A
= 9m
B
4. An insulated container of gas has two chambers separated by an insulating partition. One of the chambers has volume V
1
and
contains ideal gas at pressure p
1
and temperature T
1
. The other chamber has volume V
2
and contains ideal gas at pressure p
2
and
temperature T
2
. If the partition is removed without doing any work on the gas, the final equilibrium temperature of the gas in the
container will be :
(A)
, )
1 2 1 1 2 2
1 1 2 2 2 1
T T p V p V
p V T p V T
+
+
(B)
1 1 1 2 2 2
1 1 2 2
p V T p V T
p V p V
+
+
(C)
1 1 2 2 2 1
1 1 2 2
p V T p V T
p V p V
+
+
(D)
, )
1 2 1 1 2 2
1 1 1 2 2 2
T T p V p V
p V T p V T
+
+
5. The ratio of specific heats of a gas is . The change in internal energy of one mole of the gas, when the volume changes from V to
2V at constant pressure p is:
(A)
1
pV
(B) pV (C)
1
pV
(D)
pV
(B)
5 2
4 10 Nm
(C)
5 2
1 5 10 . Nm
(D)
5 2
1 8 10 . Nm
Vidyamandir Classes
VMC/Gasesous State & Thermodynamics 84 HWT/Physics
9. When water is converted into ice, its entropy :
(A) increases (B) decreases
(C) remains unchanged (D) first decreases and then increases
10. 70 cal of heat is required to raise the temperature of 2 moles of an ideal gas from 30 C to 35 C while the pressure of the gas is
kept constant. The amount of the heat required to raise the temperature of the same gas through the same temperature range at
constant volume is (gas constant R = 2cal
1 1
mol K
)
(A) 70 cal (B) 60 cal (C) 50 cal (D) 30 cal
Vidyamandir Classes
VMC/Gasesous State & Thermodynamics 85 HWT/Physics
DATE : IITJEE :
MARKS :
 

\ .
10
TIME : 25 MINUTES
NAME : TEST CODE : GST [5]
ROLL NO. START TIME : END TIME : TIME TAKEN:
STUDENTS SIGNATURE : PARENTS SIGNATURE :
This test contains a total of 10 Objective Type Questions.
Each question carries 1 mark. There is NO NEGATIVE marking.
Choose the correct alternative. Only one choice is correct.
1. If universal gas constant is R, the essential heat to increase temperature from 273 K to 473 K at constant volume for ideal gas of 4
mol is :
(A) 200 R (B) 400 R (C) 800 R (D) 1200 R
2. An ideal gas ( 1 5 . = ) is expanded adiabatically. How many times has the gas to be expanded to reduce the root mean square
velocity of molecules 2.0 times?
(A) 4 times (B) 16 times (C) 8 times (D) 2 times
3. If masses of all molecules of a gas are halved and their speeds are doubled, then the ratio of initial and final pressure :
(A) 1 : 2 (B) 2 : 1 (C) 4 : 1 (D) 1 : 4
4. When a system is taken from state i to state f along the path iaf, it is found that Q = 50 cal
and W = 20 cal. Along the path ibf, Q = 36 cal. W along the path ibf is :
(A) 6 cal (B) 16 cal
(C) 66 cal (D) 14 cal
5. A perfect gas goes from state A to another state B by absorbing
5
8 10 J of heat and doing
5
6 5 10 . J of external work. It is
now transferred between the same two states in another process in which it absorbs 10
5
J of heat in the second process. Then :
(A) work done on the gas is
5
0 5 10 . J (B) work done by gas is
5
0 5 10 . J
(C) work done on gas is 10
5
J (D) work done by gas is 10
5
J
6. 1 mm
3
of gas is compressed at 1 atm pressure and temperature 27 C to 627 C . What is the final pressure under adiabatic
condition? ( for the gas = 1.5)
(A)
5 2
27 10 Nm
(B)
5 2
12 10 Nm
(C)
5 2
15 10 Nm
(D)
3 2
23 10 Nm
is:
(A) 8 (B) 4 (C) 0.8 (D) 0.4
Vidyamandir Classes
VMC/Gasesous State & Thermodynamics 87 HWT/Physics
DATE : IITJEE :
MARKS :
 

\ .
10
TIME : 25 MINUTES
NAME : TEST CODE : GST [6]
ROLL NO. START TIME : END TIME : TIME TAKEN:
STUDENTS SIGNATURE : PARENTS SIGNATURE :
This test contains a total of 10 Objective Type Questions.
Each question carries 1 mark. There is NO NEGATIVE marking.
Choose the correct alternative. Only one choice is correct.
1. An ideal gas is expanding such that pT
2
= constant. The coefficient of volume expansion of the gas is :
(A)
1
T
(B)
2
T
(C)
3
T
(D)
4
T
2. The rms velocity of gas molecules is
1
300ms
. The rms velocity of molecules of gas with twice the molecular weight and half the
absolute temperature is :
(A)
1
300ms
(B)
1
600 ms
(C)
1
75ms
(D)
1
150ms
3. A gas mixture consists of a 2 moles of oxygen and 4 moles of argon at temperature T. Neglecting all vibrational moles, the total
internal energy of the system is:
(A) 4 RT (B) 15 RT (C) 9 RT (D) 11 RT
4. A thermodynamical system is changed from state (p
1
, V
1
) to (p
2
, V
2
) by two different process, quantity which will remain same will
be :
(A) Q (B) W (C) Q W + (D) Q W
5. The pV diagram of a system undergoing thermodynamic transformation is shown in
figure. The work done by the system in going from A B C is 30 J, and 40 J heat is
given to the system. The change in internal energy between A and C is:
(A) 10 J (B) 70 J
(C) 84 J (D) 134 J
6. A monoatomic gas is suddenly compressed to (1/8)
th
of its initial volume. The ratio of its final pressure to the initial pressure is
(Given the ratio of the specific heats of the given gas to be 5/3)
(A) 32 (B) 40/3 (C) 24/8 (D) 8
7. A given mass of a gas is compressed isothermally until its pressure is doubled. It is then allowed to expand adiabatically until its
original volume is restored and is pressure is then found to be 0.75 of its initial pressure. The ratio of the specific heats of the gas is
approximately.
(A) 1.20 (B) 1.41 (C) 1.67 (D) 1.83
8. A Carnot engine whose efficiency is 40% , receives heat at 500 K. If the efficiency is to be 50%, the source temperature for the
same exhaust temperature is:
(A) 900 K (B) 600 K (C) 700 K (D) 800 K
9. An ideal heat engine exhausting at 27 C is to have 25% efficiency. It must take heat at
(A) 127 C (B) 227 C (C) 327 C (D) None of these
10. At what temperature the rms velocity of helium molecules will be equal to that of hydrogen molecules at NTP?
(A) 844 K (B) 64 K (C) 273 C (D) 273 K
Vidyamandir Classes
VMC/Gasesous State & Thermodynamics 88 HWT/Physics
DATE : IITJEE :
MARKS :
 

\ .
10
TIME : 25 MINUTES
NAME : TEST CODE : GST [7]
ROLL NO. START TIME : END TIME : TIME TAKEN:
STUDENTS SIGNATURE : PARENTS SIGNATURE :
This test contains a total of 10 Objective Type Questions.
Each question carries 1 mark. There is NO NEGATIVE marking.
Choose the correct alternative. Only one choice is correct. However, questions marked with * may have More than
One correct option.
1. One litre of oxygen at a pressure of 1 atm and two litres of nitrogen at a pressure of 0.5 atm, are introduced into a vessel of volume
1L. If there is no change in temperature, the final pressure of the mixture of gas (in atm) is:
(A) 1.5 (B) 2.5 (C) 2 (D) 4
2. The ratio of the vapour densities of two gases at a given temperature is 9 : 8. The ratio of the rms velocities of their molecules is:
(A) 3 2 2 : (B) 2 2 3 : (C) 9 : 8 ` (D) 8 : 9
3. The temperature of a gas is 68 C . At what temperature will the average kinetic energy of its molecules be twice that of at
68 C ?
(A) 130 C (B) 127 C (C) 100 C (D) 105 C
4. 310 J of heat is required to raise the temperature of 2 moles of an ideal gas at constant pressure from25 C to 35 C . The amount
of heat required to rise the temperature of the gas through the same range at constant volume is :
(A) 384 J (B) 144 J (C) 276 J (D) 425 J
5. A sample of ideal monoatomic gas is taken round the cycle ABCA as
shown in the figure. The work done during the cycle is :
(A) 3 pV
(B) zero
(C) 9 pV
(D) 6pV
6. Ideal gas undergoes an adiabatic change in its state from (p
1
, V
1
, T
1
) to (p
2
, V
2
, T
2
). The work done (W) in the process is ( =
number of molecules, C
p
, and C
V
are molar specific heats of gas)
(A) , )
1 2 p
W C T T = (B) , )
1 2 V
W C T T =
(C) , )
1 2 P
W C T T = + (D) , )
1 2 V
W C T T = +
7. The pressure and density of a diatomic gas
7
5
 
=

\ .
change adiabatically from , )
1 1
p , to , )
2 2
p , . If
2
1
32
= , then
2
1
p
p
should be:
(A) 16 (B) 32 (C) 64 (D) 128
8. A diatomic ideal gas is used in a car engine as the working substance. If during the adiabatic expansion part of the cycle, volume
of the gas increases from V to 32V. The efficiency of the engine is:
(A) 0.5 (B) 0.75 (C) 0.99 (D) 0.25
Vidyamandir Classes
VMC/Gasesous State & Thermodynamics 89 HWT/Physics
9. The sink temperature of a heat engine 77 C . The efficiency is 30%. The source temperature is:
(A) 500 C (B) 227 C (C) 317 C (D) 427 C
10. Four molecules of a gas have speeds 1, 2, 3 and
1
4kms
(B)
1
1
10
2
kms
(C)
1
25kms
(D)
1
15
2
kms
Vidyamandir Classes
VMC/Gasesous State & Thermodynamics 90 HWT/Physics
DATE : IITJEE :
MARKS :
 

\ .
10
TIME : 25 MINUTES
NAME : TEST CODE : GST [8]
ROLL NO. START TIME : END TIME : TIME TAKEN:
STUDENTS SIGNATURE : PARENTS SIGNATURE :
This test contains a total of 10 Objective Type Questions.
Each question carries 1 mark. There is NO NEGATIVE marking.
Choose the correct alternative. Only one choice is correct.
1. Volumetemperature graph at atmospheric pressure for a monoatomic gas (V in m
3
, T in C ) is:
(A) (B) (C) (D)
2. If the rms velocity of a gas is v, then :
(A)
2
v T = constant (B)
2
v / T = constant (C) vT2 = constant (D) v is independent of T
3. One mole of a monatomic ideal gas is mixed with one mole of a diatomic ideal gas. The molar specific heat of the mixture at
constant volume is:
(A) (3/2) R (B) (5 / 2) R (C) 2R (D) 4R
4. Two cylinder A and B fitted with pistons, contain equal number of moles of an ideal monoatomic gas at 400 K. The piston of A is
free to move while that of B is held fixed. Same amount of heat energy is given to the gas in each cylinder. If the rise in
temperature of the gas in A is 42 K, the rise in temperature of the gas in B is ( 5 3 / = )
(A) 25.2 K (B) 35 K (C) 42 K (D) 70 K
5. 5.6 of helium gas at STP is adiabatically compressed to 0.7 L. Taking the initial temperature of be T
1
, the work done in the process
is :
(A)
1
9
8
RT (B)
1
3
2
RT (C)
1
15
8
RT (D)
1
9
2
RT
6. The work of 146 kJ is performed in order to compress one kilo mole of a gas adiabatically and in this process the temperature of
the gas increases by 7 C . The gas is (
1 1
8 3 R . J mol K
= )
(A) diatomic (B) triatomic
(C) a mixture of monotomic and diatomic (D) monoatomic
7. Ten moles of an ideal gas at constant temperature 500 K is compressed from 50 L to 5 L. Work done in the process is
(Given, R = 8.31
1 1
J mol K
)
(A)
4
1 2 10 . J (B)
4
2 4 10 . J (C)
4
4 8 10 . J (D)
4
9 6 10 . J
8. The efficiency of Carnots heat engine is 0.5, when the temperature of the source is T
1
and that of sink is T
2
. The efficiency of
another Carnots heat engine is also 0.5. The temperature of source and sink of the second engine are respectively.
(A)
1 2
2 2 T T , (B)
2
1
2
2
T
T , (C)
1 2
5 5 T T + , (D)
1 2
10 10 T T +
Vidyamandir Classes
VMC/Gasesous State & Thermodynamics 91 HWT/Physics
9. A Carnot engine takes heat from a reservoir at 627 C and rejects heat to a sink at 27 C . Its efficiency will be :
(A) 3/5 (B) 1/3 (C) 2/3 (D) 200/209
10. To what temperature should the hydrogen at 327 C be cooled at constant pressure, so that the root mean square velocity of its
molecules becomes half of its previous value?
(A) 123 C (B) 123 C (C) 100 C (D) 0 C
Vidyamandir Classes
VMC/Gasesous State & Thermodynamics 92 HWT/Physics
DATE : IITJEE :
MARKS :
 

\ .
10
TIME : 25 MINUTES
NAME : TEST CODE : GST [9]
ROLL NO. START TIME : END TIME : TIME TAKEN:
STUDENTS SIGNATURE : PARENTS SIGNATURE :
This test contains a total of 10 Objective Type Questions.
Each question carries 1 mark. There is NO NEGATIVE marking.
Choose the correct alternative. Only one choice is correct.
1. A bubble is at the bottom of the lake of depth h. As the bubble comes to sea level, its radius increases three times. If atmospheric
pressure is equal to l meter of water column, then h is equal to :
(A) 26l (B) l (C) 25l (D) 30l
2. KE per unit volume is E. The pressure exerted by the gas is given by :
(A)
3
E
(B)
2
3
E
(C)
3
2
E
(D)
2
E
3. If one mole of a monoatomic gas
5
3
 
=

\ .
is mixed with one mole of a diatomic gas
7
5
 
=

\ .
, the value of for the mixture is :
(A) 1.40 (B) 1.50 (C) 1.53 (D) 3.07
4. An ideal gas expands along the path AB as shown in the pV
diagram. The work done is :
(A)
4
4 10 J
(B)
5
1 2 10 . J
(C)
5
2 4 10 . J
(D) None of the above
5. An ideal gas is compressed isothermally until its pressure is doubled and then allowed to expand adiabatically to regain its original
volume :
(
1 4
1, 4 and2 0 38
.
.
= = ). The ratio of the final to initial pressure is :
(A) 0.76 : 1 (B) 1 : 1 (C) 0.66 : 1 (D) 0.86 : 1
6. During an adiabatic process, the cube of the pressure is found to be inversely proportional to the fourth power of the volume.
Then the ratio of specific heat is :
(A) 1 (B) 1.33 (C) 1.67 (D) 1.4
7. During an isothermal expansion of an ideal gas :
(A) its internal energy decreases (B) its internal energy does not change
(C) The work done by the gas is equal to the quantity of heat absorbed by it :
(D) Both (B) and (C) are correct
8. Three designs are proposed for an engine operating between 500 K and 300 K. For 1 kcal of heat input, design A claims to produce
3000 J of work, design B claims to produce 2000 J of work and design C claims to produce 1680 J of work. The design which is
possible
(A) A only (B) B only (C) C only (D) All of these
Vidyamandir Classes
VMC/Gasesous State & Thermodynamics 93 HWT/Physics
9. A Carnot engine, having an efficiency of 1 10 / = as heat engine, is used as a refrigerator. If the work done on the system 10 J,
the amount energy absorbed from the reservoir at lower temperature is :
(A) 99 J (B) 90 J (C) 1 J (D) 100 J
10. In a Carnot engine, when
2
0 T C = and
1
200 T C = , its efficiency is
1
and when
1
0 T C =
2
200 T C = , its efficiency is
2
,
then what is
1 2
/ , then what is
1 2
/ ?
(A) 0.577 (B) 0.733 (C) 0.638 (D) Cannot be calculated
Vidyamandir Classes
VMC/Gasesous State & Thermodynamics 94 HWT/Physics
DATE : IITJEE :
MARKS :
 

\ .
10
TIME : 25 MINUTES
NAME : TEST CODE : GST [10]
ROLL NO. START TIME : END TIME : TIME TAKEN:
STUDENTS SIGNATURE : PARENTS SIGNATURE :
This test contains a total of 10 Objective Type Questions.
Each question carries 1 mark. There is NO NEGATIVE marking.
Choose the correct alternative. Only one choice is correct.
1. Two gases A and B having same pressure p, volume V and absolute temperature T are mixed. If the mixture has the volume and
temperature as V and T respectively, then the pressure of the mixture is:
(A) 2p (B) p (C) p/2 (D) 4p
2. One kg of a diatomic gas is at a pressure of
4 2
8 10 Nm
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