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8 European Standard EN 12175. Chemicals used for treatment of water intended for human
consumption - Hexafiuorosiiicic acid. July 2006.
9 European Standard EN 12173. Chemicals used for treatment o f water intended for human
consumption - Sodium fluoride. June 2005.
10 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Community water fluoridation. Engineering:
Water Fluoridation Additives Fact Sheet.
httD://www.cdc.gov/fluoridation/factsheets/engineering/wfadditives.htm

15

"Types of Fluoride Additives


Community water systems in the United States use one of three additives
for water fluoridation. Decisions on which additive to use are based on cost
of product, product-handling requirements, space availability, and
equipment.
T he three additives are:

Fluorosilicic acid: a w ater-based solution used by m ost w ater fluoridation


program s in the United States. Fluorosilicic acid is also referred to as
) ( hydrofluorosilicate, FSA , or HF S .

Sodium fluorosilicate: a dry additive, dissolved into a solution before being


added to water.
Sodium fluoride: a dry additive, typically used in small water systems,
"dissolved into a solution before being added to water.

, , ,
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. 16

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NSF/ANSINational Sanitation Foundation / American 11
.National Standards Institute

1
. 17

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11 NSF/ANSI 60-2009 Drinking Water Treatment Chemicals - Health Effects. NSF International
Standard / American National Standard.

16

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;) sulfuric acid
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[ ]1

+ +

, , apatite
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18

,
( .) HF :
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[ ]2

+ + = +-
.

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.26

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[ ]5

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.27 ( ) 14-40%
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19

.28

( ,) N aF

( ) HF
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HF + NaOH = NaF + H20

[ ]6

+ = +
, , fluoro -

apatite flurite .
. 29

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( ) 2 Shanghai Yancui Import and Export Corp..
( ) 3 Shangrao Guagfu Pharmachem.

40% ()
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18 Finney WF, Wilson E, Callender A et al, Reexamination of hexafluorosilicate hydrolysis by 19F


NMR and pH measurement. Environmental Science & Technology, 40:2572-2577, 2006.

24

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23 EPA Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS). Fluorine (soluble fluoride).


http://wvyw.epa.gov/iris/subst/0053.htm
24 EPA. Fluoride: Exposure and relative source contribution analysis. 820-R-10-015. December 2010.
http://water.epa gov/action/ad visories/drinking/upload/Fluoridereport.pdf

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o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o
CN S oCNCNCNCNCNCMCMC\
JCNC\ JC\ 1CNCMC\ | C\ ICMCMCN
N

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g g g g g g g g
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O
O O O O T-

. : - :65 ,
12

Pb (ng/l)

10

2 0 1 3
1 97 4
COCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCO

o o oo oo oo oo oo oo oo o o o o o o o o o o o

^ CM^ ^ CMCVj CMCMCNCMCvJCMCMCNCNJCNCNCMCMCNJ


C O O O C O C O C O C O
0N N 0C O 0O O 0C O 0O O0O O0C O0C O0C O0O O0C O0C O0 C Og'~
' ' g>-'''
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00

. : :66
1.2

Hg (Mg/I)
0.8
0.6

0.4

1^ ^ 2 0 1 3

0.2

^ 1 9 7 4
------------ ---- 1---- ---- 1---- 1---- J---- 1---- 1----1---- 1--------1---- 1---- 1---- 1---- 1---- ----1
C O C O C O C O C 0 0 0 C O C O C O C O C O C O C O C O C O C O C O C O C O C O

o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o

^ C M C ^ C M C M C M C M C M C vJ C vJ C S J C vJ C M C M C N C vJ C M C sJ C sI C M

sg s w
cococococococororoooooScocooococo
g g g g g g g g g g g g g g g g g g g
O r- T C M C O t l 0 i B s c 6 ^ 0 ^ M W ^ i n ( D S O O
CO CO 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 - ^ - - - -

1 12

. : - :67 '
60

50
40
30

Ni
(ng/1)

20

* 2 0 1 3

10

------- !------- 1------- !------- 1

1------- ------- r------- ------- 1

19 7 4

!------- 1------- !------- 1------- 1

cocococococococococococococococococococo

o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o
CNC^ C^ ^ C^ CNJ C\ l \ J<\ I C^ CNC\ I C\ I CNCSI CNCSt C\ I C\ l ^
N s c o M c o f f l f f l B o e o c o o c o B f f l w e o o o S c o

O
000T- 0r - 0r g0n ^0 i 0i i i0 S 0N c0 o0S i- o -^ S i -n^ - i -B J- B- s -c o . : :68
12
10

SE (ng/l)


<2 0 1 3

---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 1---- 1

I T 1 9 7 4

C O C OC O CO C OC O CO C OC OC O CO C OC O CO C OC O CO C OC OC O

o o o
(\l

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o
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- - -- - -- -

o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o
CMCM( M( \ ICMCMCM( \ ICV| {NC\ ICNJCM( N( VJ( M( M
00

00

0 0 0 0 C 0 C 0 C 0 C 0 C 0 C 0 0 0 C 0 0 0 C 0 0 0 C 0 C 0

g o o o o o o o o
CM CO 10 co S CO O) o
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. : - :69
1600
1400

Cu

1200
1000

(ng/l)

800

600

4 N 2 0 1 3

400

^ 1 9 7 4

200

* *

>>
jy
#
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,$

113

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o

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A
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:70 - : .
1200

)Fe (ng/l

1000
800

600

^ 2 0 1 3

400

^ 1 9 7 4
^ *
K

kO

kO

k3

kO

?K

<3

:72 - : .

)Mn (ng/l

2 0 1 3
1 9 7 4
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114

:73 - : .
.
)( |4 g /l

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50004nnn -

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2013

1000
0 -

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^
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50

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20

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^1

10 I

^ 0

n n n n n n n n n n n o n n n n n n n n
o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o

N N n O O O C O C O C O C O C O O C O f f i C O C O C O O C O C O f f i

o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o

N( ? i -0 -0 c 0\ 1 0n ^0 S 05 ( 0B 0s f 0f l 0f fT ^(o00
o s- c <- oi-n -$ c- 5 - :75 - : .
1200
1000

Ba
)(Me/

800
600

400

N ^ 2 0 1 3

200
0

^ 1 ^ 1 97 4

>v

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J r <y
JT

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#
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^
<

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115

:76 - : .

:77 - : .
120
100

)Ag (Hg/I

80

60

40

2 0 1 3

20

* 1 97 4

----------- ------------ 1------------ 1----------------------------------------------I----1


-------1----1 1----
------------ r ------------ ----1
CO 0 0

00

CO 0 0

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OOOOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOOO

CNCNCNJ CNJ CNCNCNCNCNCNJ CNJ CNJ CNJ Cv J CSJ CNJ CNJ CNCNJ CNJ
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'~ g ^g ^^1 og gr^ g,^ g


'~ '~O O O O O O O O O O O gr~' gr
S
csi ?5 ^ in !d n co ^ ^ i \ i S 5 $ i ? ) ( 0 N c 6 3 5 o
o o c o o o o o o o o o o

:78 - pH

PHFD unit

----

----

116

:79 -

pH

10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0

PHFD unit

-----

#
^<
<xn

o#
c
P
cr

#
q
T
or

#
ccrT or
0T

cT
cr

:80 -

O#

o#

cr

cr

pH

pH

----

----

20/ 12/2012

20/ 12/2011

20 / 12/2010

20/12/2009

:81 - pH

pH unit

9 < .......
.................................. 4 ...

7 -

4 -

U 1
^c?^ c5
?4
?4
?4
?4
Jp
jP
vo3 <0 >\
3
^

<b

<

#
<\
$

/
117

:82 - pH
10 98 -

PHFD unit
*

>U

--------4 1

6_ ;

....
3 -

2
1 -


.....

... .....

.......

rS?5

:83 -

pH

10

PHFD unit

8
6

......

>

:84 -

118

:85 -

:86 -

:87 -
cnn
M n !1g /l

500
- 4

onn


0 1

^o
aV

'o

\a

'o

aV

'o

* J
aV
'o

'o

VV

'o

119

:88 -

:89 -
600

Mn n g /l
-

500

400

300

200

10020/ 12/2012

20/ 12/2010

20/ 12/2011

0
'20/12
m

:90 -
6000

Zn n g /l

5000
4000
3000

2000
1000

&

&

120

:91 -
500 4nnqnn

jUU

600

n ir .

n^ n

^
^

#
n^ n

^
N^ N

:92 -
6

Zn ng/l

5000 4
-

- 1

**

*<>

41

c#

> 0

&

:93 -

121

:94 -
cnnn

Zn ng/l

5000 4nnn 3nnn


< 0

^
>S
<s'K

<\'n

# .N
<\'K

>K<3
' S>

:95 -
cnn
M n jig /l

500 4

onn

ouu

200

-------
}0

^<x

K#

rS?5

^
,#
>SV

. #
\>

N#
? J
.#
<NS
01

#
<NS

122

: 96 ,
, 0.1/
0.8/ , (
,23% ) , 1:260,000
:
79.11%
:
) ( w/ w

)(gr/m ol


)(gr/m ol

( )%

1.01

2.02

1.40

Si

28.09

28.09

19.49

19

114.00

79.11

144.11

100.00

H2SiF6

= 230 = 23% .

= 182 (.)230 * 79.11/100


= 0.7 () 0.8-0.1
1:260,000 :

(.) 182* 1000/0.7

( ,) worst-case scenario:
, (
) . ,:
1.3 .
( ) 23%:

.) 182* 1000/1.3( 1:140,000


, ,
,14%
1:158,000 . 1:85,000

123

:97
> 25

500 - ,
0.67/ , 3 . ,
:
.

( Paraiba ,
).

, ,
8 ( 5.45/).
( 3 ) 8
, 6 .
.
3 :
.

()Cmax

()Tmax

)(AUC0-6
/ 102 2/102.
02/ 3
:
)(absorption
).(distribution
) ,(elimination :
.
Whitford GM, Sampaio FC, Pinto CS et al. Pharmacokinetics of ingested fluoride: lake o f effect of5
chemical compound. Archives of Oral Biology 53:1037-1041, 2008.

124

' :1/97

Minutes Alter Dose

"

if

* M2$ig S45 pprs

E
2

CL

Minutes after dose


Fig. 2 - Time courses of n e t plasm a fluoride concentrations
)after ingestion of 500 mL of w ater containing 0.67 ppm (A
or 5.45 ppm (B) fluoride which w as p resen t from natural
sources or added as sodium fluoride or fluorosilicic add.

1/102:
.


. :
,
(
A . , B
).


, 0.67-5.45 .
:
,
( A .)B

125

/ 02
.2/102 ,) ( Cmax, Tmax, AUC0.6 : ,
.
. :2/97
. .
Table 2 - Maximum fluoride concentrations (C ). tim e to reach C__ (Tmm1) and areas under the tim e-plasm a fluoride
concentration curves (AUC)
W ater [FI
(mg/L)

0.67
; 5.45

moVL)
Natural

0.58 0.06
617 034

AUC (iimol h L { 1 JUDSlilt

( h)

Artificial
NaF

HjSiF*

0.53 0 0 8
7.07 0.35

0.61 0.03
6.67 0 .4 4

Natural

0.80 0.08
0.67 0 .0 0

Artificial
NaF

HjSiFt

0.93 0.07
0.74 0.07

0.74 0.07
0.74 0.07

Natural

1.01 0.22
13.98 0.58

Artificial
NaF

HjSiFj

1.07 0.23
13.94 1.07

L08 0.22
13.50 0.59

Data expressed as m ean S.L (n = 5). There w ere n o statistically significant differences for any o f th ree variables w hen th e 0.67 m gL o r the
5.45 mg/L w ater w as ingested.

126

:98 .

worst case scenario - ,


, 40,000: .
9 1/103.
:1/98

( , )
1

(/
FSA

100%
0)

( ) w/w
%

(/)

01

(/)

2013
(/)


()%

Sb

80

23

18

1/140,000

0.00013

0.0022

As

400

23

92

1/140,000

0.00066

10

0.0066

Cd

40

23

1/140,000

0.00007

0.0013

Cr

400

23

92

1/140,000

0.00066

50

0.0013

Pb

400

23

92

1/140,000

0.00066

10

0.0066

Hg

10

23

1/140,000

0.00002

0.00164

Ni

400

23

92

1/140,000

0.00066

20

0.0033

Se

80

23

18

1/140,000

0.00013

10

0.0013

(
) , . .2-3/103

127

:2/98

( , )
7

2013
(/
)

.!
()%
0.0012

("/"
aFSA

100%
0)

( )w/w
%

(/
)

(/)

Sb

80

14

11

1/158,257

0.00007

0.0035

As

400

14

56

1/158,257

0.00035

10

Cd

40

14

1/158,257

0.00004

0.0007

Cr

400

14

56

1/158,257

0.00035

50

0.0007

Pb

400

14

56

1/158,257

0.00035

10

0.0035

Hg

10

14

1/158,257

0.00001

0.0009

Ni

400

14

56

1/158,257

0.00035

20

0.0018

Se

80

14

11

1/158,257

0.00007

10

0.0007

:3/98

( , )
3

(/
FSA

100%
)

( )w/w
%

(/)

(/)

2013
(/)


()%

14

11

1/85,217

0.00013

0.0022

56

1/85,217

0.00066

10

0.0066

1/85,217

0.00007

0.0013

0.00066

50

0.0013

10

0.0066
0.0016

Sb

80

As

400

14

Cd

40

14

Cr

400

14

56

1/85,217

Pb

400

14

56

1/85,217

0.00066

Hg

10

14

1/85,217

0.00002

Ni

400

14

56

1/85,217

0.00066

20

0.0033

Se

80

14

11

1/85,217

0.00013

10

0.0013

128

:99 pH -

,
6 ( -) ,
:

H2SiF6 + 2H20 = Si02 + 6F +6ET


:
23%
( . ) molar 1.596 , 1:140,000-1:260,000

molar 65-6.14 * 10. 1.14* 10


, mol 1/5 -6.84 * 10'5 - 3.68 * 10
, ([ ,) pH = -log [HT pH 5.83 - 5.56 -.

:
14%
( . ) molar 0.971 , 1:85,000 , 1:158,000

molar 65-6.14 * 10. 1.14* 10


, mol 5'10* 3.68 - 5'10* 1/6.84 -
, ([ ,) pH = -log [H1 pH 5.83 - 5.56 -.

129

:100!
.


(
)
.
, ,
, , .
( ) RfD , ,
( ) ( ).
, RfD e pa 0.06
.26
( European Food Safety Authority (EFSA Adequate Intake
( RfD -) 0.05
.27

.2


: :
.

:
. ,
, 0.5/ .
, * 8/
. ,
0.84-0.95/; 0.75-0.86 :/
( ) 90th percentile * . 50. 40- / .,
, 0.8/.

:
.

.
, ( 0.007-0.011/) . ,
.2-7

26 EPA Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS). Fluorine (soluble fluoride).


http://www. epa.go v/iri s/sub st/0053. htm
27 Scientific opinion on dietary reference values for fluoride. EFSA Journal 11(8):3332, 2013.
http://www.efsa.eur0pa.eu/en/efsair0umal/d0c/3332.pdf

130

( ) USDA , ,
.28

1/106 .
:1/100 USDA -





( , )

(-
)


(/)
0.01-0.33
0.04-2.10
0.06-0.72
0.01-0.55
0.01-0.13
0.14-0.84
0.44-2.02
0.08-1.09
0.52-0.91

95% . ,
.1.00-1.25% -
, . 2*4
, 0.3
( 0.13 0.07 ;5*7 11-13 0.04
.)20-35
.

: *
13-14 .
300*400/( 10-70,000 :/) . ,

28 US Department of Agriculture. USDA national fluoride database o f selected


Beverages and food, Release 2. December 2005.
http://www.ars.usda.gov/SP2UserFiles/Place/12354500/Data/Fluoride/F02.pdf
131

60 , 100 - .
0.02-0.04 - .
: 0.8 .
: sulfuryl fluoride
(.) fumigant
: .
: ,
.
.

.3

:
, . ,
, , . 2/106

.
:2/100
(/)

DI

SI

SuF


(/)

0.07

0.02

0.03

1.21

69

0.34

0.04

0.05

1.58

40

0.04

0.06

2.03

40

0.07

2.16

40

2.41

51

2.91

60

DWI

FI

> 1 0.5

0.84

0.25

>4 1

0.63

0.16

0.36

>7 4

0.82

0.35

0.54

0.22

>11 7

0.86

0.41

0.60

0.18

0.04

11 - 14

1.23

0.47

0.38

0.2

0.04

0.09

>14

1.74

0.38

0.59

0.1

0.02

0.08

BI



()%
RSCwater

( ) RSCwater :
( R SC water ( % ) = D W I * 1 0 0 / (D W I + F I + B I + D I + S I + S u F

90 :
132


40-69% .
( ,)69% , , .
.4

? -:

D O SE water = RfD * R SC water

:
DOSEwater ( ) RSCwater '( ) RfD
.

( ) Cwater:
D O S E waIer / V water

Cwater

:
Vwater .
:
( ) BW 70.
4.2 .

RfD * BW = 0.06 * 70 = 4.2 mg Fluoride


60% ( ) 2/106 2.52
.

DOSEwater = 4.2 * 60 / 100 = 2.52 mg Fluoride


2 .
1.26"/.

Cwater= 2.52 / 2 = 1.26 mg/liter


: 1.26/
.

133

:101 ( )

&

2009
8

:
..........

:
134

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1. 1

3 .........................

4 .............

1.2 ( ) 4
( , , )
1. 3
1. 4

6 . . . ...................................
8 .........................................

1. 5

8 .................. ...................

- 2 9 ..... .................... ..........


2.1

13 ...............................................................

2.2

14 ......................................................

2.3

1 5 ............................................

2.4

1 6 ............................................

3 1 7 . . . . . ..............................
. 1. 3

18 ......................................

. 2.3 20 .....................

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5
5.1

2 2 ............................ ........

2 4 . . ................

2 5 ................................................... , ...............
135

5.2

2 6 ........................................

- 6 3 2 ...............................

6. 1

3 3 ......................................................................

6. 2

3 4 ....................

6. 3

3 6 ....................

6. 4

3 7 ........

6. 5

3 9 . .

6. 6

4 1 .....................

6. 7

4 1 ...........................

6. 8

4 3 .....................................................

6. 9

4 4 . . .

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4

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>
<
>
<
>
<
>
<
>
<
>
<
>
<
>

0 14001400 >
<
0
1000 <

21
0
1

3
1119
1130
3
3
7.29
0.05
0.03
5
547
1
2
97
0.2
3
0.7
0.1
3
2
2
36
61.8
3
>
5
286.9
5.6
32.2
3
99
30

200 <
>
5000



CO
COBALT
AS
CO
MQ/I
|jmho/cm SP COND MICROMHOS/CM/25C EC
|jmho/cm SP COND FIELD DET.pMOHS/CIV ECFD
LI
LITHIUM AS LI
M9/I
MOLYBDENUM
MO
Mg/i
PHFD
PH
MEASURED
INFIELD
unit
DISS ORTHO PHOSPHATE AS P<P 04
mg/l
PTOT
TOTAL PHOSPHORUS AS P
mg/l
SN
TIN AS SN
Mg/i
SR
STRONTIUM
AS
SR
Mg/i
AG
SILVER
Mg/i
AS
ARSENIC AS AS
Mg/i
BA
BARIUM
AS
BA
Mg/i
CD
CADMIUM AS CD
Mg/i
CHROMIUM
TOTAL
AS
CR
CR
Mg/i
FLUORIDE ASF
F
mg/l
MERCURY AS HG
HG
Mg/i
Nl
NICKEL
AS
Nl
Mg/i
PB
LEAD AS PB
Mg/i
SE
SELENIUM
AS
SE
Mg/i
AL
ALUMINUM AS AL
Mg/i
CA
CALCIUM AS CA
mg/l
COPPER
AS
CU
CU
Mg/i
FE
IRON TOTAL
Mg/i
HARDNESS computed AS CAC03 HARD
mg/l
K
POTASSIUM AS K
mg/l
MG
MAGNESIUM AS MG
mg/l
MN
MANGANESE
TOTAL
AS
MN
Mg/i
NA
SODIUM AS NA
mg/l
ZN
ZINC
AS
ZN
Mg/i

COBALT AS CO
CO
3 Mg/i
SP
COND
MICROMHOS/CM/25C
EC
|j
mho/cm
940
932 |jmho/cm SP COND FIELD DET.!jMOHS/CIV ECFD


30/07/20 3
30/07/20 3
30/07/20 3
30/07/20 3
30/07/20 3
30/07/20 3
30/07/20 3
30/07/20 3
30/07/20 3
30/07/20 3
30/07/20 3
30/07/20 3
30/07/20 3
30/07/20 3
30/07/20 3
30/07/20 3
30/07/20 3
30/07/20 3
30/07/20 3
30/07/20 3
30/07/20 3
30/07/20 3
30/07/20 3
30/07/20 3
30/07/20 3
30/07/20 3
30/07/20 3
30/07/20 3
30/07/20 3
30/07/20 3



mn 0
mn 0
mn 0
mn
mn
mn
mn
mn
mn
mn
mn
mn
mn
mn
mn
mn
mn
mn

mn
mn
mn
mn
mn
mn
mn
mn
mn
mn

06/08/20 3 mn
06/08/20 3 mn
06/08/20 3 mn

0
0
0
0
0
0

8.5

89

6.5

0
76

<
70 <
9.5
<
<
<

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
11
0
0
25
0
0
0
0
11

0.8

0
0
0
0

0
0

80
50

0
0
0

100
200

0
0
0
0

50
50

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

100
10
1000
5
50
1.7
1
20
10
10
200

<
<

<
<
<
<
<
<

1400 <
1000 <

200 <

5000
<

8.5

74

6.5

0
86

70 <
9.5
<

3
3
7.22
0.03
0.03
5
458
1
2
113
0.2
3
0.43
0.1
3
2
2
22
65
3
5
279.7
4.6
28.5
3
77
26
3
1116
1103
4
3
8.2
0.03

M9/I
Mg/i
unit
mg/l
mg/l
Mg/i
Mg/l
Mg/i
Mg/i
Mg/i
Mg/i
Mg/i
mg/l
Mg/i
Mg/i
Mg/i
Mg/i
Mg/i
mg/l
Mg/i
Mg/i
mg/l
mg/l
mg/l
Mg/i
mg/l
Mg/i

LI
LITHIUM AS LI
MO
MOLYBDENUM
PHFD
PH MEASURED IN FIELD
DISS ORTHO PHOSPHATE AS P< P 04
PTOT
TOTAL PHOSPHORUS AS P
SN
TIN AS SN
SR
STRONTIUM AS SR
AG
SILVER
AS
ARSENIC AS AS
BA
BARIUM AS BA
CD
CADMIUM AS CD
CR
CHROMIUM TOTAL AS CR
F
FLUORIDE AS F
HG
MERCURY AS HG
NI
NICKEL AS NI
PB
LEAD AS PB
SE
SELENIUM AS SE
AL
ALUMINUM AS AL
CA
CALCIUM AS CA
CU
COPPER AS CU
FE
IRON TOTAL
HARDNESS computed AS CAC03 HARD
K
POTASSIUM AS K
MG
MAGNESIUM AS MG
MN
MANGANESE TOTAL AS MN
NA
SODIUM AS NA
ZN
ZINC AS ZN

06/08/20
06/08/20
06/08/20
06/08/20
06/08/20
06/08/20
06/08/20
06/08/20
06/08/20
06/08/20
06/08/20
06/08/20
06/08/20
06/08/20
06/08/20
06/08/20
06/08/20
06/08/20
06/08/20
06/08/20
06/08/20
06/08/20
06/08/20
06/08/20
06/08/20
06/08/20
06/08/20

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

mn 0
mn 0
mn
mn
mn
mn
mn
mn
mn
mn
mn
mn
mn
mn
mn
mn
mn
mn
mn
mn
mn
mn
mn
mn
mn
mn
mn

Mg/i
|jmho/cm
|jmho/cm
Mg/i
Mg/l
unit
mg/l

CO
COBALT AS CO
SP COND MICROMHOS/CM/25C EC
SP COND FIELD DET.mMOHS/CIV ECFD
LI
LITHIUM AS LI
MO
MOLYBDENUM
PHFD
PH MEASURED IN FIELD
DISS ORTHO PHOSPHATE AS P< P 04

11/08/20
11/08/20
11/08/20
11/08/20
11/08/20
11/08/20
11/08/20

3
3
3
3
3
3
3

mn
mn
mn
mn
mn
mn
mn

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

<
<
0
0

100 <
10 <

5
0
0
47

1000
5 <
50 <
1.7

0
0

0
0

1<
20 <

0
0

0
0

10 <
10 <

0
0
0

0.8

25

200

80
50

1400 <

100

1000 <

200
0

200 <

0
0
0
0
0

50
50

5000

<

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

8.5

83

6.5

0
80

70 <
9.5
<
<
<
100

<

0.03
5
597
1
2
54
0.2
3
0.8
0.1
3
2
2
50
44.6
3
5
237
6.8
30.5
3
133
14

mg/l
M9/I
Mg/i
Mg/i
Mg/i
Mg/i
M9/1
M9/1
mg/l
Mg/l
Mg/l
Mg/i
Mg/i
Mg/i
mg/l
Mg/l
Mg/i
mg/l
mg/l
mg/l
Mg/i
mg/l
M9/I

PTOT
TOTAL PHOSPHORUS AS P
SN
TIN AS SN
SR
STRONTIUM AS SR
AG
SILVER
AS
ARSENIC AS AS
BA
BARIUM AS BA
CD
CADMIUM AS CD
CHROMIUM TOTAL AS CR
CR
F
FLUORIDE AS F
HG
MERCURY AS HG
Nl
NICKEL AS Nl
PB
LEAD AS PB
SE
SELENIUM AS SE
AL
ALUMINUM AS AL
CA
CALCIUM AS CA
CU
COPPER AS CU
FE
IRON TOTAL
HARDNESS computed AS CAC03 HARD
K
POTASSIUM AS K
MG
MAGNESIUM AS MG
MN
MANGANESE TOTAL AS MN
NA
SODIUM AS NA
ZN
ZINC AS ZN

11/08/20
11/08/20
11/08/20
11/08/20
11/08/20
11/08/20
11/08/20
11/08/20
11/08/20
11/08/20
11/08/20
11/08/20
11/08/20
11/08/20
11/08/20
11/08/20
11/08/20
11/08/20
11/08/20
11/08/20
11/08/20
11/08/20
11/08/20

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

3
1146
1194
5
3
7.63
0.03
0.03
5
586
1

Mg/i
|jmho/cm
pmho/cm
Mg/i
Mg/i
unit
mg/l
mg/l
Mg/i
Mg/i
Mg/i

CO
COBALT AS CO
SP COND MICROMHOS/CM/25C EC
SP COND FIELD DET.|jMOHS/CIV ECFD
LI
LITHIUM AS LI
MO
MOLYBDENUM
PHFD
PH MEASURED INFIELD
DISS ORTHO PHOSPHATE AS P< P 04
PTOT
TOTAL PHOSPHORUS AS P
SN
TIN AS SN
SR
STRONTIUM AS SR
AG
SILVER

18/08/20
18/08/20
18/08/20
18/08/20
18/08/20
18/08/20
18/08/20
18/08/20
18/08/20
18/08/20
18/08/20

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0.8

80
50
100
200
50
50

0
5
0
0
47
0
0
0
0
24

10
1000
5
50
1.7
1
20
10
10
200

<
<
<
<
<
<
<

0
0

1400 <
1000 <

200 <

5000

2
46
0.2
3
0.8
0.1
3
2
2
48
43.3
3
5
233.3
6.2
30.4
3
135
24

Mg/l
pg/l
pg/i
pg/l
mg/l
pg/l
pg/l
pg/l
pg/l
pg/l
mg/l
pg/l
pg/l
mg/l
mg/l
mg/l
pg/l
mg/l
pg/l

AS
ARSENIC AS AS
BA
BARIUM AS BA
CD
CADMIUM AS CD
CR
CHROMIUM TOTAL AS CR
F
FLUORIDE AS F
HG
MERCURY AS HG
NI
NICKEL AS NI
PB
LEAD AS PB
SE
SELENIUM AS SE
AL
ALUMINUM AS AL
CA
CALCIUM AS CA
CU
COPPER AS CU
FE
IRON TOTAL
HARDNESS computed AS CAC03 HARD
K
POTASSIUM AS K
MG
MAGNESIUM AS MG
MN
MANGANESE TOTAL AS MN
NA
SODIUM AS NA
ZN
ZINC AS ZN

18/08/2013
18/08/2013
18/08/2013
18/08/2013
18/08/2013
18/08/2013
18/08/2013
18/08/2013
18/08/2013
18/08/2013
18/08/2013
18/08/2013
18/08/2013
18/08/2013
18/08/2013
18/08/2013
18/08/2013
18/08/2013
18/08/2013

4

26.6.2013

F B C & Co

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