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# Calculation of Stresses in Footings Subjected to Uniaxial or Biaxial Moments

MB HA

MA HB

2 3

## Design calculation sheet

Project no.: Subject: Ex. Date: 6/10/2005 Sheet no.: 1 of 2 Computed by: Checked by: Approved by: Tarek Hassan Verification

## Footings Subjected to Uniaxial or Biaxial Moment

Footing ID:
Input Data: CA = CB = A= B= t= Foundation depth = Gs = qall(net) = Type of stress used : % Taken of Backfilling = 0.5 0.5 3 2 0.8 1.2 1.8 15 GROSS 100 m m m m m m t/m3 t/m2 % (Column's dimension parallel to A direction) (Column's dimension parallel to B direction) (Long dimension of footing or dimension resisting moment in case of uniaxial moment) (Short dimension of footing) (Total thickness of footing) (Distance measured from foundation level to finished ground level ) (Specific gravity of soil) (Net bearing capacity) ("Net" or "Gross" ) (Considered in checking overturning and sliding)

F1

## Forces and Moments Due to Total Load Including D.L

PC = Pw&g.b = HA = HB = Arm for Horizontal Force = MA(add) = MB(add) = MA (Total ) = MB (Total) = -20 -5 2 0 1.2 25 -15 27.40 -15.00 t t t t m mt mt mt mt (Total column service load (-ve) value for compression & (+ve) value for tension) (Total load of walls, grade beams and any additional load) (Total horizontal force parallel to A direction) (Total horizontal force parallel to B direction) (Lever arm of horizontal force) (Total additional moment in A direction) (Total additional moment in B direction) (Total moment in A direction) (Total moment in B direction)

## Forces and Moments due to D.L ONLY

PC D.L = Pw&g.b D.L = HA D.L = HB D.L = MA(add) D.L = MB(add) D.L = MA (Total) D.L = MB (Total) D.L = Output Data: Po.w = qall(gross) = Area = IA = IB = Pb.f = -12.00 17.16 6.00 4.50 2.00 -4.14 t t/m m2 m4 m4 t
2

## -7.5 -2.5 1 0 12.5 0 13.70 0.00

t t t t mt mt mt mt

(Column service load (-ve) value for compression & (+ve) value for tension due to D.L) (Column load due to walls, grade beams and any additional D.L load) (Horizontal force parallel to A direction due to D.L ONLY) (Horizontal force parallel to B direction due to D.L ONLY) (Additional moment in A direction due to D.L ONLY) (Additional moment in B direction due to D.L ONLY) (Total moment in A direction due to D.L ONLY) (Total moment in B direction due to D.L ONLY) MB (Gross O.W of footing) (Gross bearing capacity) (Spread area of footing) (Inertia resisting M A ) Lever arm of (Inertia resisting M B ) horizontal force (Load of backfilling)

MA HB

HA

2 CB CA 3

1 4 B A

## Design calculation sheet

Project no.: Subject: Ex. Date: 6/10/2005 Sheet no.: 1 of 2 Computed by: Checked by: Approved by: Tarek Hassan Verification

Stresses on Soil Due to D.L ONLY (Gross stresses are always considered) Pserv D.L = -26.14 F1 D.L = 0.21 F2 D.L = -8.92 F3 D.L = -8.92 F4 D.L = 0.21

MA
t t/m2 t/m2 t/m2 t/m2 Total D.L (Unsafe) (Safe) (Safe) (Unsafe)

1 HA
MB

CB 4
A

B CA 3

## Unsafe Increase Footing Dimensions

HB
Check of Overturning Due to Total Load: Pserv = -41.14 eA = 0.666 (eA/A)^2+(eB/B)^2 = 0.083 t (Total service load) m (e<L/3 Safe ) <1/9 (Overturning is Safe)

eB =

## -0.365 m (e<L/3 Safe )

Stresses on Soil Due to Total Load : Backfilling is taken as 0% in Net stesses and 100% in Gross stresses Pserv = -41.14 t (Total service load for gross stesses) F1 = 9.78 F3 = t/m2 (Redistribution is required) F2 = -8.49 F4 = t/m2 (Safe)

## -23.49 t/m2 -5.22 t/m2

(Unsafe!) (Safe)

*Redistribution of Stresses Due to Total Load: eA1 /A = 0.222 eA1= 0.666 m eB1= eB1 /B = 0.182 C3 = 4.26 (Fintel Coefficient For Stress Distribution) 2 (Redistribution of stresses took place!) Fmax = -29.20 t/m (Unsafe!) Check of sliding Due to Total Load (Passive earth pressure is neglected) (Total service load) Pserv = -41.14 t coefficient of friction(m) = F.S against sliding = 0.3 6.17 >=1.5 (Safe)

-0.365

## Design calculation sheet

Project no.: Subject: EX. Date: 11/10/2005 Sheet no.: 1 of 1 Computed by: Checked by: Approved by: Tarek Hassan Verification

## Footings Subjected to Uniaxial or Biaxial Moment

Footing ID:
Input Data: CA = CB = A= B= t= Foundation depth = Gs = qall(net) = Type of stress used : % Taken of Backfilling = PC = Pw&g.b = HA = HB = Arm for Horizontal Force = MA(add) = MB(add) = MA (Total ) = MB (Total) = Output Data: Po.w = qall(gross) = Area = IA = IB = Pb.f = -3.36 17.16 6.00 4.50 2.00 -4.14 t t/m2 m2 m4 m4 t (Net O.W of footing) (Gross bearing capacity) (Spread area of footing) (Inertia resisting M A ) (Inertia resisting M B ) (Load of backfilling) 0.5 0.5 3 2 0.8 1.2 1.8 15 NET 0 -20 -5 2 0 1.2 15 15 17.40 15.00 m m m m m m t/m3 t/m2 % t t t t m mt mt mt mt (Column's dimension parallel to A direction) (Column's dimension parallel to B direction) (Long dimension of footing or dimension resisting moment in case of uniaxial moment) (Short dimension of footing) (Total thickness of footing) (Distance measured from foundation level to finished ground level ) (Specific gravity of soil) (Net bearing capacity) ("Net" or "Gross" ) (Considered in checking overturning and sliding) (Total column service load (-ve) value for compression & (+ve) value for tension) (Total load of walls, grade beams and any additional load) (Total horizontal force parallel to A direction) (Total horizontal force parallel to B direction) (Lever arm of horizontal force) MB MA (Total additional moment in A direction) (Total additional moment in B direction) (Total moment in A direction) (Total moment in B direction)

F1

HA

HB

## Lever arm of horizontal force CB 1 4 B CA

2 3

Check of Overturning Due to Total Load: Pserv = -37 eA = 0.470 (eA/A)^2+(eB/B)^2 = 0.066

## t (Total service load) m (e<L/3 Safe ) <1/9 (Overturning is Safe)

eB =

0.405

m (e<L/3 Safe )

Stresses on Soil Due to Total Load : Backfilling is taken as 0% in Net stesses and 100% in Gross stresses Pserv = -28.36 t (Total service load for net stesses) F1 = -6.43 t/m2 (Safe) F2 = -18.03 t/m2 (Unsafe!)

F3 = F4 =

-3.03 8.57

t/m2 t/m2

## (Safe) (Redistribution is required)

*Redistribution of Stresses Due to Total Load: eA1 /A = 0.157 eA1= 0.470 m eB1= eB1 /B = 0.203 C3 = 4.26 (Fintel Coefficient For Stress Distribution) 2 (Redistribution of stresses took place!) Fmax = -20.12 t/m (Unsafe!) Check of sliding Due to Total Load (Passive earth pressure is neglected) (Total service load) Pserv = -37.00 t coefficient of friction(m) = 0.3 F.S against sliding =

0.405

## 5.55 >=1.5 (Safe)

(eA/A) 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.18 0.16 0.14 0.12 0.1 0.08 0.06 0.04 0.02 0 0.4 37.5 18.8 12.5 11.6 10.9 10.2 9.6 9 8.5 8 7.5 7.1 6.7 0.3 18.8 9.4 6.2 5.8 5.4 5.1 4.8 4.5 4.2 4 3.8 3.5 3.3 0.2 12.5 6.2 4.1 3.9 3.6 3.4 3.2 3 2.8 2.7 2.5 2.4 2.2 0.18 11.6 5.8 3.9 3.6 3.4 3.2 3 2.8 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.1 0.16 10.9 5.4 3.6 3.4 3.2 3 2.8 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.1 2

(eB/B) 0.14 10.2 5.1 3.4 3.2 3 2.8 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.1 2 1.8

0.12 9.6 4.8 3.2 3 2.8 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.1 2 1.8 1.7

0.1 9 4.5 3 2.8 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.1 2 1.8 1.7 1.6

0.08 8.5 4.2 2.8 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.1 2 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.5

0.06 8 4 2.7 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.1 2 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.4

0.04 7.5 3.8 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.1 2 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.2

0.02 7.1 3.5 2.4 2.2 2.1 2 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.2 1.1

0 6.7 3.3 2.2 2.1 2 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.2 1.1 1