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Jump to: navigation, search This article may be confusing or unclear to readers. Please help us clarify the article; suggestions may be found on the talk page. (June 2011) This section does not cite any references or sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (May 2011) The reservation system in Tamil Nadu is much in contrast to the rest of India, not by the nature of reservation but by its history. When the first reservation protest hit New Delhi in May 2006, a contrasting quiet serenity was noticed in Chennai. Later, as the anti-reservation lobby gained in visibility in Delhi, Chennai saw quiet street protests demanding reservation. Doctors in Chennai, including doctors association for social equality (DASE) were in the forefront expressing their support for reservation in institutions of higher education run by the Central government.
1 Present practice o 1.1 Present Reservation Scheme Details 2 Timeline 3 See also 4 References 5 External links
 Present practice
At present, reservation works out to somewhat less than 69%, depending on how many nonreserved category students are admitted in the super-numerary seats. If 100 seats are available, first, two merit lists are drawn up without considering community (reserved or unreserved), one for 31 seats and a second for 50 seats, corresponding to 69% reservation and 50% reservation respectively. Any non-reserved category students placing in the 50 seat list and not in the 31 seat list are admitted under super-numerary quota (i.e.) seats are added to the 100 for these students. The 31 seat list is used as the non-reserved open admission list and 69 seats are filled up using the 69% reservation formula (30 seats obc, 20 seats mbc, 18 seats sc and 1 seat st). The effective reservation percentage depends on how many non-reserved category students figure in the 50 list and not in the 31 list. At one extreme, all 19 (added from 31 to make the 50 list) may be nonreserved category students, in which case the total reservation works out to about (69+19)/119 or 74% with 26% considered as a 'reservation' for non-reserved category students! At the other
SC denominated castes converts into other minority religions (Christianity. the process of Shuddhi has been employed as the official process of converting into Hinduism.[who?] When a person from BC.5% (BC) . ST.in/acts-rules/law/act_10to12_131_07jun06. in which case no super-numerary seats are created and reservation works out to be 69% as mandated by the state law.5% Backward Class (BC) .gov. Reservations are seen by some as promoting conversions into Hinduism in the modern day.) they loose most of their reservation benefits (69%) and can only avail reservation as minorities (4% to 12%).Muslims Most Backward Class (MBC) 20% Denotified Community (DCN) Only Scheduled 15% Castes Scheduled Castes only for 18% Arunthathiyar 3% (Sakkiliar) Scheduled Tribes 1 Total Reservation 69% Percentage Category as per Government of India Other Backward Class Scheduled castes and scheduled tribes  Timeline .extreme. Islam. As there was no process originally mentioned in the Vedas. etc.tn. Such persons can obtain their original reservation status by converting into Hinduism.General 30% (BC) Backward Class 3. none of the 19 added to the 31 list may be from the non-reserved category.[dubious – discuss]  Present Reservation Scheme Details The below details are provided as per Gazette of Government of Tamil Nadu Web link http://www.pdf Reservation Reservation Main Category Sub Category as Percentage for each Percentage for each as per per Government Sub Category as Main Category as Government of of Tamil Nadu per Government of per Government of Tamil Nadu Tamil Nadu Tamil Nadu Backward Class 26.
Tamil Nadu Reservations Sourced from a Rediff. 1883 The Report of the Indian Education Commission states that practically no attention is paid to the problems of education of general people 1885 Financial support was provided in Madras to spread education 1893 Madras government have provided special educational attention for 49 different castes 26 July 1902 Chatrapati sahu Maharaja had given 50% reservation in his states for non Brahmins 1918 Upon receiving commission report for backward classes. 1871 The Madras Census Report of 1871 had documented the fact that non brahminical Hindu and Muslim communities were eliminated from political prospects 1881 Need to take special interest in socially backward Entities was suggested 1882 Recommendation made to use “Education” as the criteria of backwardness. mhaisur Government had announced reservations in education and jobs 1920 .com new article.
1949 India accepts the Constitution. Sept. which includes the principle of reservations for SC & ST and has Article 340 directing State to constitute Backward Classes Commission to recommend similar measures. Finally the agreement between Leaders of Caste-Hindus and of Dalits was agreed upon and is well known as Poona Pact. 2 for Anglo Indian’s and 1 for SC. 2 for Muslims. The allocation was made as follows: 2 out of 12 were allocated for Brahmins.33% to 12. Gandhi’s till death hunger strike (Poona. 1928 The following classifications were made in the commission established by the Mumbai state Government: Depressed Classes Original and Hill Tribe Other Backward Class 1931 Separate election Camps were declared for backward classes. 1950 . Babasaheb Ambedkar.33% of reservation in services in favor of the Scheduled Castes became effective.66% November 26. 5 for non brahminical Hindus. 8. 24. 1932).Sahu Maharaja had increased the reservation percentage from 50% to 90% in his states 1927 Caste was kept as primary factor in the recruitment process for Government jobs in Madras state. 1943 According to a memorandum submitted to the viceroy by Dr.33% 1946-48 Reservation for Schedule Castes was expanded to 16. 1944 Education Department have announced scholarship for Scheduled Castes 1946 Reservation for Scheduled castes was increased from 8. the First Law Minister.
DMK and other Opposition parties protested the decision. Babsaheb Ambedkar resigns from the Central Cabinet of PM Nehru. 69% Reservation was included in 9th Schedule. 1951 16% Reservation for SC/ST and 25% Reservation for OBCs introduced. Income Limit for availing Reservation benefit has been fixed at Rs 9000 Per Annum. reiterated that Reservation percentage cannot exceed 50% and "Creamy Layer" to be excluded from Reservation benefits. and then Anna University chairman announced that 50% reservation will be followed. one of the members of Oversight committee. K. 1950. DMK Government increased OBC reservation to 31% and Reservation for SC/ST has been increased to 18%. DMK Government Split OBC reservations as 2 Parts with 30% for OBC and 20% for MBC. 1951: Dr. Total Reservation Stood at 41% 1971 Sattanathan Commission recommended Introduction of "Creamy Layer" and altering Reservation percentage for Backward Classes to 16% and separate reservation of 17% to Most Backward Classes (MBCs). Total Reservation percentage stood at 69%. 1994 Court instructed Tamil Nadu Government to follow 50% reservations in the case filed by famous lawyer K. Total Reservation stood at 49% 1980 ADMK government excludes "Creamy Layer" from OBC reservation benefits. Separate Reservation of 1% introduced for Scheduled Tribes. Vijayan was brutally attacked and maimed while leaving to New Delhi to file case in Supreme Court against inclusion of 69% reservation in 9th Schedule 2006 . Anandakrishnan. Vijayan on behalf of VOICE Consumer forum. granted reservation rights to OBC’s November 27. M. citing deliberate delay in acting on Article 340 as one of the reasons. 1992 Supreme Court.First amendment Act of the Indian Constitution)Article 340 of the Indian Constitution. M. Total Reservation Stood at 68% 1989 Statewide Road Blockade Agitations were launched by Vanniar Sangam (Parent Body of Pattali Makkal Katchi) demanding 20% reservations in State Government and 2% Reservations in Central Government exclusively for Vanniyar Caste. in Mandal Judgement. Creamy Layer scheme withdrawn and Reservation % for OBC has been increased to 50%.
Supreme Court asked Tamil Nadu Government to exclude Creamy Layer from Reservation benefits. Chairperson of the National Knowledge Commission [an advisory body instituted by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh] came out in opposition to the proposed scheme to extend caste-based reservations to OBCs in institutes of Higher Education (http://www. member-convener of the National Knowledge Commission resigns from his post in protest against the policy of reservations [Dr. It has not excluded creamy layer (rich and affluent amongst the other backward classes) from enjoying reservation benefits per supreme court judgement.sabrang.com/cc/archive/2006/june06/report3. Pratab Bhanu Mehta. Veerappa Moily to suggest ways for implementation of reservations for Other Backward Classes and to suggest measures for increasing seats in educational institutions. It also recommended alternative methodfor identifying real needy people.html].org/entry/sam-pitroda-review-quota-policy/) Dr. Sachar committee submitted its report regarding backwardness of Indian Muslims.com/2006/05/22/stories/2006052202261100. Purushottam Agrawal of the Jawaharlal Nehru University in the form of the Multiple Index Related Affirmative Action (MIRAA) http://www. This is attributed to low percentage of Forward castes in Tamil Nadu (13%) as against 36% in India.).hindu. OBC reservation bill introduced in the Lok Sabha and referred to standing committee. Sam Pitroda. Mehta's open letter of resignation . Supreme court referred inclusion of 69% reservation in Tamil Nadu in 9th schedule to 9 member bench September 2006-2007 Supreme court observed that central Government is trying to introduce quota without adequate data.indiadaily.indianexpress. It reiterated 50% limit and exclusion of Creamy layer from enjoying reservation benefits. Alternative systems of Affirmative Action proposed by academics Prof. Supreme court upheld constitutional amendment for providing reservations in promotions for Scheduled castes and Tribes.http://www.htm Dr. It made many recommendations for uplifting Indian Muslims. Oversight committee submits interim report and suggests phased implementation of reservations in central educational institutions for other backward classes." Tamil Nadu stayed calm. Indian Prime Minister appoints Oversight committee headed by former chief minister of Karnataka M.http://www. Pro reservationists claim protests were intensified by media bias. Main articles: 2006 Indian anti-reservation protests and Reservation policy in Indian Institutes of Technology May 2006 -August 2006 Anti Reservation Protests intensified in many parts of India. Parliamentary standing committee recommended preference for non creamy layer (Poor among backwards) among backward classes from enjoying reservation benefits and comprehensive population survey to identify real backward people. Oversight committee submits final report.html and by Prof.com/story/4916. Satish Deshpande and Dr. . It indicated that current enrollment in educational institutions of non Muslim OBC's is almost equal to/close to their population. Yogendra Yadav of the Centre for the Study of Developing Societies .
 .Union cabinet meeting rejected Parliamentary standing committee recommendations and decided to bring reservations bill by including creamy layer (Super rich) among other backward classes. Parliament passed OBC Reservations bill through voice vote. the Supreme Court of India upheld the law that provides for 27% reservation for Other Backward Castes (OBCs) in educational institutions supported by the Central government. while ruling that the creamy layer among the OBCs should be excluded from the quota. April 2008 On 10 April 2008.
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