Year 6 – Science 六年级科学 Investigating Living Things 探索生物世界

Week 周次 Learning Objectives Suggested Learning Activities 学习目标 建议活动 1. Interaction among living things 生物 之间的 相互关 系 1.1 Understanding Pupils view a video on animals that live that some animals in groups and in solitary. live in groups and 学生观看有关群居动物和独居动物的录像带。 others live in solitary Pupils gather information and give examples of animals that live in group 了解有些动物群居而 and in solitary. 有些动物独居 学生收集有关群居动物和独居动物并举例。 Pupils discuss why animals live in groups, e.g. a) for safety, b) for food. 学生讨论:为何动物群居,例: a. 为了安全 b. 为了食物 Pupils observe how ants live together in a vivarium. 学生观察蚂蚁如何在生态箱里群居。 Pupils discuss why animals live in solitary, e.g. a) to avoid competition for food, b) to avoid competition for space. 学生讨论:为何动物独居,例: a. 为了避免竞争食物; b. 为了避免竞争生存空间。 Learning Outcomes 学习成果 Pupils 学生 · state that some animals live in groups. 阐明有些动物群居 · state that some animals live in solitary. 阐明有些动物独居 · give examples of animals that live in groups. 举出群居动物的例子 · give examples of animals that live in solitary. 举出独居动物的例子 · explain why animals live in groups. 解释为何动物群居 · explain why animals live in solitary. 解释为何动物独居 · state that cooperation is a form of interaction among animals. 说明合作是动物之间的一种相 互作用的形式 Teacher can prepare a vivarium of an ant colony two weeks before the lesson. 教师可在课前两个星期 准备一个蚂蚁群生态箱。 Notes 备录 Vocabulary 词汇 solitary menyendiri 独居 safety keselamatan 安全 cooperation bekerjasama 合作 competition persaingan 竞争

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Year 6 – Science 六年级科学 Investigating Living Things 探索生物世界

Week 周次

Learning Objectives 学习目标 1.2 Understanding that competition is a form of interaction among living things 了解竞争是生物之间 的一种相互关系

Suggested Learning Activities 建议活动 Pupils view video on interaction among living things in various habitats. 学生观看在各种栖息地的生物之间的相互关系 的录像带。 Pupils discuss and give examples of interaction among living things. 学生讨论并举例:生物之间的相互关系 Pupils discuss that competition is a form of interaction. 学生讨论:竞争是一种相互关系。 Pupils view video or computer simulation of competition among animals. 学生观赏录像带、电脑模式片段以找出动物之 间的竞争 。 Pupils discuss and list the factors that animals compete for: a) food, b) water, c) mate, d) shelter, e) territory/space. 学生讨论并列举动物竞争的因素: a. 食物 b. 水 c. 配偶 d. 庇护所 e. 领土 / 生存空间

Learning Outcomes 学习成果 Pupils 学生 · state that living things interact with one another in the environment 阐明生态环境中生物与彼此之 间的互相联系。 · state that competition is a form of interaction. 阐明竞争是一种相互关系。

Notes 备录 The video should include various types of interaction such as competition and coorperation. 有关录象带应该包括各 种类型的相互关系如: 竞争和合作。

Vocabulary 词汇 interactioninteraksi 相互作用 competitionpersaingan 竞争 limited resourcessumber terhad 有限的资源 territory-wilayah 领土 breedingpembiakan 繁殖 mate-pasangan 配偶 defendmempertahanka n 抵抗 space-ruang 生存空间 shelter-tempat perlindungan

· list the factors that animals compete for. 列举动物竞争的因素 · give reasons why animals compete. 说明动物竞争的理由

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Year 6 – Science 六年级科学 Investigating Living Things 探索生物世界
Pupils carry out activities to observe animals competing for food, e.g. fish or bird. 学生进行以下活动并做出观察:动物为了食物 而竞争,例:鱼或鸟。 Week 周次 Learning Objectives 学习目标 Suggested Learning Activities 建议活动 Pupils discuss that animals compete because of: a) limited food resources, b) limited water resources, c) trying to get a mate for breeding, d) defending or looking for territory, e) defending or looking for shelter. 学生讨论:动物竞争是为了: a. 食物资源有限 b. 水源有限 c. 寻找配偶以进行繁殖 d. 防卫或寻找领域 e. 防卫或寻找庇护所 Pupils view a video or pictures of plants in the forest. Based on the video or pictures pupils discuss why plants in the forest have different heights. 学生观赏有关森林里植物的录像带或图片。根 据有关录像带或图片,学生讨论:为何森林里 的植物高度不同。 Pupils carry out activities to observe competition among plants. 学生进行以下活动以观察植物之间的竞争。 Pupils discuss that plants compete for: a) sunlight, b) water, c) space, Learning Outcomes 学习成果 Notes 备录 These activities can be prepared earlier because they may take some time to show results. 这些活动可提前准备, 因为它们需要一些时间 来显示结果。 Suggestion: a) green beans, b) maize. 建议: a) 绿豆 b) 玉蜀黍 庇护所

Vocabulary 词汇

· list factors that plants compete for. 列举植物竞争的因素

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Year 6 – Science 六年级科学 Investigating Living Things 探索生物世界
d) nutrient. 学生讨论植物竞争的因素: a. 阳光 b. 水 c. 空间 d. 养料 Week 周次 Learning Objectives 学习目标 Suggested Learning Activities 建议活动
Pupils discuss and conclude that plants compete because of: a) limited sunlight that can reach them, b) limited water resources, c) limited space, d) limited nutrient. 学生讨论和总结:植物竞争是为了: a. 阳光有限 b. 水源有限 c. 生长空间有限 d. 养料有限 1.3 Understanding the responsibility of human beings in protecting endangered species 了解人类对保护濒临绝 种的生物应负起的责任 Pupils view a video or pictures of animals that are extinct, e.g. dinosaurs. 学生观赏有关已绝种动物的录像带或图片。 例:恐龙。 Pupils view a video or pictures of endangered animals and plants, e.g. tiger, turtle, orang utan, panda, rhinoceros and rafflesia and pitcher plant. 学生观赏有关濒临绝种动物和植物的录像带或图 片。例:老虎、海龟、人猿、熊猫、犀牛和莱佛 士花及猪笼草。 Pupils discuss and conclude that certain animals and plants are facing the threat of extinction because of human activities such as illegal or excessive:

Learning Outcomes 学习成果
· give reasons why plants compete with each other. 说明植物之间竞争的理由

Notes 备录

Vocabulary 词汇

Pupils 学生 · give examples of extinct animal. 举例已经绝种的动物。 · give examples of endangered animal. 举例濒临绝种的动物。 · give examples of endangered plant. 举例濒临绝种的植物。 · explain why certain animals or plants are facing the threat of extinction. 解释为什么某些动物或植物正

rafflesia- bunga pakma 莱佛士花 hornbill-burung enggang 犀鸟 conservationpemuliharaan复元 protectionpelindungan保护 endangered – terancam濒临绝种 的 extinct-pupus 绝种

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Year 6 – Science 六年级科学 Investigating Living Things 探索生物世界
a) logging, b) hunting, c) development. 学生讨论和总结有些动物和植物正在面对绝种的 威胁是因为人类活动导致,如违法或过度的: a. 伐木 b. 打猎 c. 发展 在面对绝种的威胁。 · suggest ways to prevent animals and plants from extinction. 建议一些措施以避免动物和植 物绝种 excessiveberleluasa 过度的 threat- ancaman 威胁 loggingpembalakan 伐木

Week 周次

Learning Objectives 学习目标

Suggested Learning Activities 建议活动 Discuss ways to prevent animals and plants from extinction, e.g. a) campaign against excessive logging, b) educating the public about the importance of protecting and conserving animals and plants, c) avoid consuming or buying products made from endangered species, d) enforcing the law. 讨论如何预防动物和植物面临绝种,例: a) 反对滥伐树木 b) 教育大众有关保护和保存动物和植物的重要 c) 避免消费或购买由濒临绝种动物制成的产品 d) 制定法令 Pupils view video or see pictures of environmental destructions caused by human activities, e.g. a) erosion, b) landslide, c) flash-flood, d) water pollution, e) air pollution. 学生观赏由人类活动导致环境被破坏的录像带 或图片。例:

Learning Outcomes 学习成果

Notes 备录

Vocabulary 词汇 consumemenggunakan消 费 enforcementpenguatkuasaan 执行, 强制

1.4 Knowing the impact of human activities on environment 了解人类的活动对环 境的影响

Pupils 学生 · give examples of environmental destruction caused by human. 举出由人类活动导致环境被破 坏的例子。

balance of naturekeseimbangan alam 生态平衡 illegal loggingpembalakan haram 非法伐木 illegal huntingpemburuan

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Year 6 – Science 六年级科学 Investigating Living Things 探索生物世界
a) 土地侵蚀, b) 土崩, c) 闪电式水灾, d) 水源污染, e) 空气污染。 haram 非法打猎 landslide-tanah runtuh 土崩 flash-flood-banjir kilat 闪电式水灾 pollutionpencemaran 污 染 erosion-hakisan 腐蚀, 侵蚀 Week 周次 Learning Objectives 学习目标 Suggested Learning Activities 建议活动 Pupils view a video and discuss human activities that cause destruction to the environment, e.g. a) illegal and excessive logging, b) illegal and excessive hunting, c) improper management of development. 学生观看录像带及讨论造成环境被破坏的人类 活动,例: a) 非法和滥伐树木, b) 非法和过度狩猎, c) 发展计划的管理不当 Pupils discuss what will happen to the Earth if human activities that caused environmental destructions are not controlled. 学生讨论造成环境被破坏的人类活动若不受管 制将会对地球造成什么后果。 Learning Outcomes 学习成果 · explain how human activities cause environmental destruction. 解释人类活动如何导致环境被 破坏。 Notes 备录 Vocabulary 词汇 disaster-bencana 天灾、灾害 destructionkemusnahan 破坏; 毁灭,

· predict what will happen to the Earth if human activities are not controlled. 预测人类的活动若不受管制将 会对地球造成什么后果。

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Year 6 – Science 六年级科学 Investigating Living Things 探索生物世界
Pupils prepare a scrap book on environmental destruction caused by human activities and steps taken to reduce its effects. 学生制作集锦簿:由人类活动造成的环境破坏 和减少其后果的方法

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