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Globetrotter Unit 8 Test


Name: ________________________________________________ Date: ___________________ Grade: ____________ / 100 points
Reading Strategy (25 points 5 each) Text A Most members of the Roman Catholic Church and followers of Protestantism celebrate Christmas on December 25, and many celebrate on the evening of December 24 as well. Members of the Eastern Orthodox Church usually delay their most important seasonal ceremonies until January 6, when they celebrate Epiphany, a commemoration of the baptism of Jesus. Epiphany also traditionally commemorates the arrival of the Three Wise Men of the East in Bethlehem (near Jerusalem, Israel), where they adored the infant Jesus and presented him with gifts of gold, frankincense, and myrrh. The official Christmas season, popularly known as either Christmastide or the Twelve Days of Christmas, extends from the anniversary of Christs birth on December 25 to the feast of Epiphany on January 6. Text B As Christmas evolved in the United States, new customs were adopted and many old ones were reworked. The legend of Santa Claus for example, had origins in Europe and was brought by Dutch settlers to New York in the early 18th century. Traditionally, Santa Claus from the Dutch Sinter Klaas was depicted as a tall, dignified, religious figure riding a white horse through the air. Santas transformation began in 1823, when a New York newspaper published the poem A Visit from Saint Nicholas, which Clement Clark Moore had written to amuse his daughter. The poem introduced many Americans to the story of a kindly saint who flew over housetops in a reindeer-drawn sleigh. Portraits and drawings of Santa Claus by American illustrator Thomas Nast further strengthened the legend during the second half of the 19th century. Living at the North Pole and assisted by elves, the modern Santa produced and delivered toys to all good children. It was 1897, when Virginia OHanlon wrote to the New York Sun newspaper asking if Santa were real, she received a direct answer: Yes, Virginia, there is a Santa Claus.

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Text C The practice of exchanging Christmas cards also became a widespread custom in the 19th century. Europeans had distributed woodprints of religious themes for Christmas during the Middle Ages (5th century to 15th century). In 1843 English illustrator John Callcott Horsley created the first modern Christmas card. The card depicted a family celebration and its caption read, A Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year to You. In the United States, German-born printer Louis Prang made advances in color lithography that enabled him to mass-produce a colorful Christmas card in 1875. The card sold extremely well, and soon the custom of exchanging Christmas cards spread throughout the country. 1. Os temas dos textos acima so, respectivamente: a) A origem do Natal; Papai Noel e cartes de Natal; b) A histria do Papai Noel; A origem da lenda do Natal e O Natal dos cristos; c) A primeira celebrao do Natal nos EUA; O primeiro Papai Noel e A troca de presentes no Natal; d) Natal; A origem do Natal na Alemanha e Natal na Inglaterra e EUA. 2. De acordo com o texto A: a) Alguns americanos celebram o Natal no dia seis de janeiro, pois para eles esta foi a data em que Jesus nasceu; b) Os trs reis magos chegaram a Belm no dia 25 de dezembro; c) Alguns cristos da Amrica celebram o Natal desde o dia 25 de dezembro at o dia 6 de janeiro, celebrando assim, tambm, o dia em que Jesus foi batizado; d) Os membros da igreja ortodoxa realizam outras cerimnias importantes no dia 25 de dezembro. 3. Pode-se compreender do texto B que: a) A lenda do Natal foi trazida Nova York pelos holandeses; b) A transformao da imagem do Papai Noel no que ele hoje teve incio com uma histria publicada em um jornal de Nova York, que tinha como objetivo divertir a filha do autor; c) As pessoas comearam a acreditar no legendrio Papai Noel aps a publicao em um jornal de que uma leitora tinha visto um Papai Noel prximo a sua casa; d) O Natal teve origem na Europa e foi trazida por imigrantes para os Estados Unidos. 4. A palavra drawings, no segundo texto, pode ser traduzida como: a) solos b) armas de fogo c) capas d) desenhos

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5. A palavra spread, no texto C, est sendo usada com a mesma funo gramatical que na frase: a) The fire spread very rapidly because of the strong wind; b) The spread of AIDS in the last few years has been alarming; c) Theres a double-page spread on the latest fashions; d) Theres bread and various spreads for tea. Word Study (25 points 5 each) Choose the best alternative. 1. When is the Brazilian ___________? Its on July 12 . a) Mothers Day b) Childrens Day c) Discovery Day d) Valentines Day 2. In Brazil, Fathers Day is celebrated on the second __________ in August. a) Monday b) Sunday c) Saturday d) Friday Find the equivalent word or expression in standard English for the slang below: 3. What are you up to? a) How are you? b) What are you doing? c) Are you feeling well? d) What are you looking for? 4. bucks a) dollars b) boys c) friends d) girls 5. cool a) money b) a boy c) a girl d) nice Using Grammar (25 points 5 each) Choose the alternative which best fits the sentences below. 1. ______ you have any plans for the weekend? a) have b) may c) do d) are
th

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2. _________ you going to spend New Years Eve at your grandparents house? a) Have b) Will c) Do d) Are 3. What ________ you like for Christmas? a) would b) will c) can 4. I wasnt in town on Christmas Day. Really? ________ was I. a) So b) Neither c) No 5. Lets ______ the fire. Its too hot in here. a) took up b) ran out c) put off Think and Write (25 points) Your teacher just sent you the Christmas card below. d) ought to

d) What d) put out

Dear (your name)________, Seasons Greetings with my very best wishes! Your English teacher Now, write a Christmas message to him / her. Dear __________, ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ Your name

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ANSWER KEY
Reading Strategy 1. a O texto A fala onde e quando a comemorao do Natal surgiu, o texto B menciona a origem da lenda do Papai Noel; o texto C explica a popularidade das trocas de carto de Natal. 2. c No final do primeiro pargrafo o texto explica que os Twelve Days of Christmas (de 25/12 a 06/01) ainda so celebrados por muitos cristos norte-americanos. 3. b De acordo com o texto, a histria A visit from Saint Nicholas foi escrita para alegrar a filha do autor, e a nova imagem do Papai Noel foi to bem aceita que permaneceu assim at os dias atuais. 4. d O aluno tem como deduzir o significado do termo por meio da palavra illustrator na mesma orao. 5. a A nica frase que traz a palavra spread como verbo, funo gramatical com que ela aparece no texto, a primeira. Nas demais, ela aparece como substantivo. Word Study 1. d 2. b Using Grammar 1. c 2. d 3. b 3. a 4. a 4. b 5. d 5. d

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