Educational Experiences of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order

The 2010/2011 school year report on the Educational Experiences of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order documents the educational attainment of a particular group of children in the care of the Ministry of Children and Family Development - those under a Continuing Custody Order. While many children only come into the care of the ministry for a brief period of time, the Ministry’s relationship with children under a Continuing Custody Order is longer-term in nature. This means that the ministry has an opportunity to positively affect the educational attainment of these children. To improve educational outcomes for children under a Continuing Custody Order, the ministry must have a good understanding of who these children are and how they are currently performing in school. The purpose of this report is to contribute to that understanding.

Educational Experiences of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order

School Year 2010/2011

Table of Contents
     

Introduction Methodology Number of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order by School Year Children Under a Continuing Custody Order by School District Children Aged 4 to 9 Years Under a Continuing Custody Order by School District Children Aged 10 to 14 Years Under a Continuing Custody Order by School District Children Aged 15 to 19 Years Under a Continuing Custody Order by School District By Age, Number of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order By Gender, Number and Per Cent of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order By Aboriginal Status, Number and Per Cent of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order Number and Per Cent of Aboriginal Children Under a Continuing Custody Order as a Per Cent of Aboriginal Enrolment By MCFD Region, Number of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order By School District, Number of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order Number and Per Cent of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order in Special Needs Education Programs, excluding Gifted Children Number and Per Cent of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order And All Other Students in Special Education Programs By Special Education Category Number and Per Cent of Children Under a Continuing Custody In Special Education Programs by Special Education Category and Aboriginal Status Per Cent in Age Appropriate Grade by School Year, Children Under a Continuing Custody Order and All Other Children Per Cent in Age Appropriate Grade by Individual Grade, Children Under a Continuing Custody Order and All Other Children Per Cent in Age Appropriate Grade by Gender, Children Under a Continuing Custody Order Per Cent in Age Appropriate Grade, Aboriginal and Non-Aboriginal, Children Under a Continuing Custody Order Grade 4 Foundation Skills Assessment, Continuing Custody Orders and All Other Students Grade 7 Foundation Skills Assessment, Continuing Custody Orders and All Other Students Grade 4 Foundation Skills Assessment, Continuing Custody Orders, Aboriginal and Non-Aboriginal Grade 7 Foundation Skills Assessment, Continuing Custody Orders, Aboriginal and Non-Aboriginal

5 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28

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Educational Experiences of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order

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Table of Contents (Continued)

Grade 10 English, Per Cent Pass, Children Under a Continuing Custody Order and All Other Children Grade 10 English, Per Cent Pass, Children Under a Continuing Custody Order, Aboriginal and Non-Aboriginal Grade 10 Math, Per Cent Pass, Children Under a Continuing Custody Order and All Other Children Grade 10 Math, Per Cent Pass, Children Under a Continuing Custody Order, Aboriginal and Non-Aboriginal Grade 12 English, Per Cent Pass, Children Under a Continuing Custody Order and All Other Children Grade 12 English, Per Cent Pass, Children Under a Continuing Custody Order, Aboriginal and Non-Aboriginal Grade 12 Math, Per Cent Pass, Children Under a Continuing Custody Order and All Other Children Grade 12 Math, Per Cent Pass, Children Under a Continuing Custody Order, Aboriginal and Non-Aboriginal Six-Year Completion Rate, Children Under a Continuing Custody Order and All Other Children in Grade 8 Graduation Rate (Eligible to Graduate), Children Under a Continuing Custody Order and All Other Children Graduation Rate (Eligible to Graduate) Detail, Children Under a Continuing Custody Order and All Other Children Glossary

29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40

Educational Experiences of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order

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Introduction
The 2010/2011 School Year Report on the Educational Experiences of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order documents the educational attainment of a particular group of children in the care of the Ministry of Children and Family Development - those under a Continuing Custody Order. A Continuing Custody Order means that the Director of Child Welfare is the sole guardian of the child and the Public Guardian and Trustee manages the child’s estate. While many children only come into the care of the Ministry for a brief period of time, the Ministry’s relationship with children under a Continuing Custody Order is longer -term in nature. This means that the Ministry has an opportunity to positively affect the educational attainment of these children. To improve educational outcomes for children under a Continuing Custody Order, a good understanding of who these children are and how they are currently performing in school must be established. The purpose of this report is to contribute to that understanding.

Methodology
The Ministry of Children and Family Development and the Ministry of Education worked together to match records of Children under Continuing Custody Orders to school enrolment and educational attainment information for the school year 2010/11. It was possible to match 78% per cent of the Ministry of Children and Family Development records to the Ministry of Education’s September 30, 2010 enrolment information. It was possible to match 97% per cent of the Ministry of Children and Family Development records to the Ministry of Education’s records between 2001/2002 and 2010/2011. For the 2010/2011 school year, the Ministry of Education’s enrolment records as of September 30, 2010 were compared to Ministry of Children and Family Development information from October 2009 to September 2010. Children Under a Continuing Custody Order in this report include any child that had been under a Continuing Custody Order at any time between October 2009 and September 2010. All years in the report represent a school year that starts in September and ends in August. Only aggregate information is presented in this report (no child is identifiable), and all data is held in strictest confidence in accordance with privacy guidelines.

Educational Experiences of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order

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By School Year, Number and Per Cent of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order 2004/2005 - 2010/2011, Province - All Schools
4,500 4,000 3,500 3,000

Number

2,500 2,000 1,500 1,000 500 0 2005/2006 2006/2007 2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011

School Year

School Year 2005/2006 2006/2007 2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011

CCO 4,159 3,992 3,826 3,973 3,933 3,713

All Other Percent CCO Students of Total 666,633 0.62% 657,718 0.61% 654,248 0.58% 648,014 0.61% 652,179 0.61% 648,548 0.61%

Notes
    

CCO stands for Children under a Continuing Custody Order enroled in school CCO counts do not include unmatched cases Student information is from September 30 of the school year All Other Students includes children in care but not CCO Above figures include all public, independent and external schools

Comments In 2010/2011, there were 3,713 students under a Continuing Custody Order representing 0.61 per cent of all students in B.C.

Educational Experiences of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order

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Educational Experiences of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order

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Educational Experiences of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order

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Educational Experiences of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order

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Educational Experiences of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order

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By Age, Number of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order 2004/2005 - 2010/2011, Province - All Schools
2,000 1,800 1,600 1,400 1,200 1,000 800 600 400

Number

200 0
2004/2005 2005/2006 2006/2007 2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011 School Year
4 to 9 10 to 14 15 to 19

School Year 2004/2005 2005/2006 2006/2007 2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011

4 to 9 915 902 850 816 872 911 902

Age Group (Years) 10 to 14 1,757 1,776 1,669 1,516 1,532 1,393 1,300

15 to 19 1,537 1,481 1,473 1,494 1,569 1,629 1,511

Notes
    

CCO stands for Children under a Continuing Custody Order enroled in school CCO child counts do not include unmatched cases Student information is from September 30th of the school year Student age is as of September 30th of the school year When a child turns 19, they can no longer be a CCO. However, children who have been a CCO, but have turned 19 as of September 30th of the school year are included in this profile as their educational attainment remains relevant

Comments The ratio of the students aged 15-19 years under a CCO compared to the total CCO enroled in school increased to 41.4 per cent from 36.5 per cent between 2004/2005 and 2009/2010. 2010/2011 shows a slight decrease in the proportion of CCOs aged 15 to 19 years old (drop of only 0.6 percentage points from 41.4% to 40.7%).

Educational Experiences of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order

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By Gender, Number and Per Cent of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order 2004/2005 - 2010/2011, Province - All Schools
2,500 2,000 1,500 1,000 500 0 2004/2005 2005/2006 2006/2007 2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011 School Year
Female Male

Number

School Year 2004/2005 2005/2006 2006/2007 2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011

Number Female 1,941 1,942 1,836 1,788 1,854 1,816 1,684

% Male 2,268 2,217 2,156 2,038 2,119 2,117 2,029 Female 46.1% 46.7% 46.0% 46.7% 46.7% 46.2% 45.4% Male 53.9% 53.3% 54.0% 53.3% 53.3% 53.8% 54.6%

Notes
   

CCO stands for Children under a Continuing Custody Order enroled in school CCO child counts do not include unmatched cases Student information is from September 30th of the school year All Other Students includes children in care but not CCO

Comments Over the last seven years, there has been a higher number of males under a Continuing Custody Order than females.

Educational Experiences of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order

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By Aboriginal Status, Number and Per Cent of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order 2004/2005 - 2010/2011, Province - All Schools
3,000 2,500

2,000
Number
1,500 1,000 500 0 2004/2005 2005/2006 2006/2007 2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011 School Year
Aboriginal Non-Aboriginal

Number School Year 2004/2005 2005/2006 2006/2007 2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011 Aboriginal 2,312 2,304 2,290 2,270 2,382 2,425 2,369 NonAboriginal 1,897 1,855 1,702 1,556 1,591 1,508 1,344 Aboriginal 54.9% 55.4% 57.4% 59.3% 60.0% 61.7% 63.8%

% NonAboriginal 45.1% 44.6% 42.6% 40.7% 40.0% 38.3% 36.2%

Notes
   

CCO stands for Children under a Continuing Custody Order enroled in school CCO child counts do not include unmatched cases Student information is from September 30th of the school year The Ministry of Education's information is used to identify whether a child is Aboriginal

Comments The proportion of Aboriginal students under a Continuing Custody Order has increased steadily over the last 7 years.

Educational Experiences of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order

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Number and Per Cent of Aboriginal Children Under a Continuing Custody Order as a Per Cent of Aboriginal Enrolment 2004/2005 - 2010/2011, Province - All Schools
5.0%
4.5% 4.0% 3.5% 3.0% 2.5% 2.0% 2004/2005 2005/2006 2006/2007 2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011 School Year

School Year 2004/2005 2005/2006 2006/2007 2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011

Aboriginal CCO 2,312 2,304 2,290 2,270 2,382 2,425 2,369

All Aboriginal Percent Students 61,433 60,561 61,038 63,689 63,414 65,325 65,390 3.8% 3.8% 3.8% 3.6% 3.8% 3.7% 3.6%

Notes
   

CCO stands for Children under a Continuing Custody Order enroled in school CCO child counts do not include unmatched cases Student information is from September 30th of the school year The Ministry of Education's information is used to identify whether a child is Aboriginal

Comments The percentage of all Aboriginal students who were under a Continuing Custody Order has been between 3.6% and 3.8% since 2004/05, 3.6% in 2010/2011.

Educational Experiences of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order

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By MCFD Region, Number of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order 2004/2005 - 2010/2011, Province - All Schools
2,500 2004/2005 2007/2008 2010/2011 2,000 2005/2006 2008/2009 2006/2007 2009/2010

Students

1,500

1,000

500

0 Interior Coast Fraser Vancouver Island North

School Year 2004/2005 2005/2006 2006/2007 2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011

Interior 877 859 796 765 776 814 756

MCFD Regions Vancouver Coast Fraser Island 2,006 772 1,977 799 1,939 786 1,859 734 1,898 816 1,860 794 1,753 765

North 553 510 466 462 483 465 439

Notes
  

CCO stands for Children under a Continuing Custody Order enroled in school CCO child counts do not include unmatched cases Student information is from September 30th of the school year

Comments The number of children under a Continuing Custody Order shows a downward trend in the Coast Fraser region, and a flat trend in the other regions.

Educational Experiences of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order

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By School District, Number of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order 2005/2006 - 2010/2011, Province - All Schools
School District 005 006 008 010 019 020 022 023 027 028 033 034 035 036 037 038 039 040 041 042 043 044 045 046 047 048 049 050 051 052 053 054 057 058 059 060 061 062 063 064 District Name 2005/2006 2006/2007 2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011 Southeast Kootenay 48 52 45 48 49 41 Rocky Mountain 21 19 21 21 12 21 Kootenay Lake 29 26 20 28 30 34 Arrow Lakes * * * * * * Revelstoke * * * * * * Kootenay-Columbia * * * * 21 20 Vernon 86 84 74 67 67 63 Central Okanagan 190 181 171 181 198 185 Cariboo - Chilcotin 92 86 84 85 88 79 Quesnel 27 31 36 38 31 24 Chilliwack 187 198 205 210 187 193 Abbotsford 156 135 130 130 153 148 Langley 181 167 163 171 163 137 Surrey 367 350 352 346 368 320 Delta 95 87 78 84 72 55 Richmond 62 66 61 72 76 78 Vancouver 300 278 247 232 213 226 New Westminster 28 47 37 29 34 34 Burnaby 101 94 82 96 79 86 Maple Ridge-Pitt Meadows 115 110 114 120 103 92 Coquitlam 96 99 107 108 86 98 North Vancouver 57 55 61 66 54 42 West Vancouver * * * * * * Sunshine Coast 48 58 55 53 47 44 Powell River 11 10 * 5 7 4 Howe Sound 26 23 22 23 32 33 Central Coast * * * * * 10 Haida Qwaii/Queen Charlotte * * * * * * Boundary 11 12 14 16 17 13 Prince Rupert 49 44 65 52 40 38 Okanagan Similkameen 19 15 13 18 26 29 Bulkley Valley 27 27 29 27 26 22 Prince George 160 159 147 155 149 146 Nicola - Similkameen 43 49 41 38 33 34 Peace River South 43 24 24 21 16 16 Peace River North 23 19 26 27 19 25 Greater Victoria 159 148 148 149 163 143 Sooke 77 82 82 85 94 96 Saanich 33 41 43 43 46 34 Gulf Islands * * * * * *

Educational Experiences of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order

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By School District, Number of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order 2005/2006 - 2010/2011, Province - All Schools
School District 067 068 069 070 071 072 073 074 075 078 079 081 082 083 084 085 087 091 092 093 101 Total District Name Okanagan Skaha Nanaimo-Ladysmith Qualicum Alberni Comox Valley Campbell River Kamloops/Thompson Gold Trail Mission Fraser - Cascade Cowichan Valley Fort Nelson Coast Mountains Okanagan - Shuswap Vancouver Island West Vancouver Island North Stikine Nechako Lakes Nisga'a Francophone Distributed Learning 2005/2006 2006/2007 2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010 2009/2010 56 46 43 41 43 38 129 134 120 133 130 118 35 30 24 31 19 17 90 84 89 96 80 85 28 36 37 49 63 47 55 51 36 41 43 35 157 137 139 138 145 136 10 18 17 16 21 17 94 96 89 99 88 77 57 53 57 75 72 70 140 136 124 126 130 130 11 * 10 9 * * 78 80 54 76 72 72 70 56 61 64 67 56 * * * * * * 23 24 25 27 40 36 16 19 11 16 12 * 77 58 46 53 73 70 * * * * * * * * * * * * 11 * * * * * 4,159 3,992 3,826 3,973 3,933 3,713

Notes
* indicates counts suppressed to protect individual privacy  CCO stands for Children under a Continuing Custody Order enroled in school  CCO child counts do not include unmatched cases  Student information is from September 30th of the school year  School district 93 is an administrative category that captures all Francophone schools in B.C. regardless of location. Similarly, school district 101 captures all distributed learning occurring in the Province

Comments School districts 36 (Surrey), followed by 39 (Vancouver), had the highest number of students identified under a Continuing Custody Order of any school districts in 2010/2011.

Educational Experiences of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order

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Number and Per Cent of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order in Special Education Programs excluding Gifted Children 2004/2005 - 2010/2011, Province - All Schools
60% 50%

40%
Per Cent
30% 20% 10% 0% 2004/2005 2005/2006 2006/2007 2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011 School Year
% of CCO % of All Other Students

School Year 2004/2005 2005/2006 2006/2007 2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011

CCOs # 2,001 1,960 1,897 1,799 1,882 1,924 1,853 % 47.5% 47.1% 47.5% 47.0% 47.4% 48.9% 49.9%

All Other Students # % 46,841 7.0% 47,735 7.2% 46,799 7.1% 46,580 7.1% 47,633 7.4% 49,071 7.5% 48,644 7.5%

Notes
   

CCO stands for Children under a Continuing Custody Order enroled in school CCO child counts do not include unmatched cases Student information is from September 30th of the school year All Other Students includes children in care but not CCO

Comments The percentage of students in special education programs (excluding gifted programs) has remained steady from 2004/05 to 2010/11 for both children under a Continuing Custody Order and all other children enrolled in school. As a group, children under a Continuing Custody Order are almost seven times more likely to be in special education programs (excluding gifted programs) than All Other Students. Educational Experiences of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order 18

Number and Per Cent of Children in Special Education Programs, excluding Gifted Children 2010/2011 By Special Education Category, Province - All Schools
45% 40% 35% 30% 25% 20% 15% 10% 5% 0%

Learning Disability

Moderate to Profound Intellectual Disability

Mild Intellectual Disability

Physically Dependent

Physical Disability / Chronic Health Impairment

Moderate Behaviour Support / Mental Illness

Intensive Behaviour Interventions / Serious Mental Illness

Autism Spectrum Disorder

CCOs

All Other Students

Special Need Category Physical Disability / Chronic Health Impairment Intensive Behaviour Interventions / Serious Mental Illness Learning Disability Moderate Behaviour Support / Mental Illness Moderate to Profound Intellectual Disability Autism Spectrum Disorder Mild Intellectual Disability Physically Dependent Deaf or Hard of Hearing Deafblind Visual Impairment # 793 514 139 116 105 81 43 30 18 7 7

CCOs
Per Cent of SN CCOs

All Other Students
Per Cent of

42.8% 27.7% 7.5% 6.3% 5.7% 4.4% 2.3% 1.6% 1.0% 0.4% 0.4%

# SN All Other 6,242 12.8% 6,474 13.3% 18,035 37.1% 5,961 12.3% 1,873 3.9% 5,835 12.0% 2,174 4.5% 537 1.1% 1,130 2.3% 55 0.1% 328 0.7%

Notes
  

CCO stands for Children under a Continuing Custody Order enroled in school Excludes adult students, students in home schooling or students without specific grade information All Other Students includes children in care but not CCO

Comments CCOs are more likely to have Intensive Behaviour Interventions / Serious Mental Illness or Physical Disabilities/Chronic Health Impairments than All Other Students. All Other Students are more likely to have Learning Disabilities or Moderate Behaviour Support/Mental Illness than CCOs. Educational Experiences of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order 19

Deaf or Hard of Hearing

Deafblind

Number and Per Cent of Children Under a Continuing Custody In Special Education Programs, excluding Gifted Children By Special Education Category and Aboriginal Status 2010/2011 Province - All Schools

Intensive Behaviour Interventions / Serious Mental Illness

Physical Disability / Chronic Health Impairment

Autism Sp ectrum Disorder

Mild Intellectual Disability

Learning Disability

Physically Dependent

Moderate to Profound Intellectual Disability

Deaf or Hard of Hearing

Moderate Behaviour Support / Mental Illness

Aboriginal

Non-Aboriginal

Aboriginal Non-Aboriginal # % # % Physical Disability / Chronic Health Impairment 590 50.6% 203 29.5% Intensive Behaviour Interventions / Serious Mental Illness 279 23.9% 235 34.2% Learning Disability 90 7.7% 49 7.1% Moderate Behaviour Support / Mental Illness 61 5.2% 55 8.0% Moderate to Profound Intellectual Disability 54 4.6% 51 7.4% Mild Intellectual Disability 28 2.4% 15 2.2% Autism Spectrum Disorder 26 2.2% 55 8.0% Physically Dependent 17 1.5% 13 1.9% Deaf or Hard of Hearing 14 1.2% 4 0.6% Deafblind 3 0.3% 4 0.6% Visual Impairment 3 0.3% 4 0.6% Special Need Category

Notes
  

CCO stands for Children under a Continuing Custody Order enroled in school Excludes adult students, students in home schooling or students without specific grade information All Other Students includes children in care but not CCO

Comments Aboriginal CCOs are more likely to have Physical Disabilities/Chronic Health Impairments than Non-Aboriginal CCOs. Non-Aboriginal CCOs are more likely to have Intensive Behaviour Interventions/Serious Mental Illness or Autism than Aboriginal CCOs. Educational Experiences of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order 20

Visual Impairment

Deafblind

40% 35% 30% 25% 20% 15% 10% 5% 0%

Per Cent in Age Appropriate Grade by School Year Children Under a Continuing Custody Order and All Other Children 2004/2005 - 2010/2011, Province - All Schools
100% 90%

Per Cent

80% 70% 60%

50%
40%

2004/2005

2006/2007

2008/2009

School Year
CCO All Other Students

School Year 2004/2005 2005/2006 2006/2007 2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011

CCO 79.7% 80.0% 81.6% 78.1% 78.7% 78.9% 81.0%

All Other Students 94.5% 94.7% 94.8% 91.8% 93.8% 94.6% 92.1%

Difference (% points) 14.8% 14.7% 13.3% 13.7% 15.1% 15.7% 11.1%

Notes
  

CCO stands for Children under a Continuing Custody Order enroled in school Excludes adult students, students in home schooling or students without specific grade information All Other Students includes children in care but not CCO

Comments The age appropriate gap between students under a Continuing Custody Order and all other students narrowed from 20.6% in 2001/02 to 11.1% in 2010/11.

Educational Experiences of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order

2010/2011

2005/2006

2007/2008

2009/2010

21

Per Cent in Age Appropriate Grade by Individual Grade Children Under a Continuing Custody Order and All Other Children 2010/2011 School Year, Province - All Schools
100% 90% 80%

Per Cent

70% 60% 50% 40% K 1 2 3 4 5 6 Grade
CCO All Other

7

8

9

10

11

12

Grade Group K 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 CCO 96.2% 97.5% 96.2% 95.0% 95.9% 93.1% 95.6% 89.7% 90.5% 83.7% 70.8% 68.3% 65.4% All Other 99.5% 99.3% 99.3% 99.2% 99.0% 98.8% 98.8% 98.5% 97.9% 96.7% 88.3% 85.5% 78.2% Difference 3.3% 1.8% 3.1% 4.2% 3.1% 5.7% 3.3% 8.8% 7.4% 13.0% 17.6% 17.2% 12.8%

Notes
  

CCO stands for Children under a Continuing Custody Order enroled in school Excludes adult students, students in home schooling or students without specific grade information K indicates Kindergarten, either half-day or full-day

Comments The percentage of students under a Continuing Custody Order who are in an age appropriate grade is slightly lower than that of all other students between Kindergarten and Grade 7. On average, the difference is 4.1 percentage points. The gap between the two groups of students noticeably widens after Grade 8.

Educational Experiences of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order

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Per Cent in Age Appropriate Grade by Gender Children Under a Continuing Custody Order 2010/2011 School Year, Province - All Schools
100% 90% 80%

Per Cent

70% 60% 50% 40%

K

1

2

3

4

5

6
Grade

7

8

9

10

11

12

Female

Male

Group Female Male

K
96.2%

1
95.1%

2
94.1%

3
95.9% 94.3%

4
98.0% 93.8%

5
95.4% 90.9%

Grade 6
98.1% 93.4%

7
87.4% 91.2%

8
88.5% 92.5%

9
90.8% 79.0%

10
73.3% 68.9%

11
64.0% 72.2%

12
67.7% 63.5%

96.1% 100.0% 98.8%

Notes
  

CCO stands for Children under a Continuing Custody Order enroled in school Excludes adult students, students in home schooling or students without specific grade information K indicates Kindergarten, either half-day or full-day

Comments The percentage of students under a Continuing Custody Order, who are in an age appropriate grade is generally lower for boys.

Educational Experiences of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order

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Per Cent in Age Appropriate Grade Aboriginal and Non-Aboriginal Children Under a Continuing Custody Order 2010/2011 School Year, Province - All Schools
100% 90% 80%

Per Cent

70% 60% 50% 40% K 1 2 3 4 5 6 Grade
Aboriginal Non Aboriginal

7

8

9

10

11

12

Group
Aboriginal

K
97.2%

1
99.1% 93.8%

2
96.2% 96.4%

3
97.2% 91.4%

4
95.1% 98.1%

5
94.4% 89.7%

Grade 6
97.4% 91.8%

7
89.4% 90.2%

8
90.4% 90.6%

9
81.4% 88.6%

10
69.0% 73.6%

11
64.4% 74.9%

12
62.4% 68.9%

Non Aboriginal 93.9%

Notes
  

CCO stands for Children under a Continuing Custody Order enroled in school Excludes adult students, students in home schooling or students without specific grade information K indicates Kindergarten, either half-day or full-day

Comments A similar percentage of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal students under a Continuing Custody Order are in age-appropriate grades from Kindergarten to grade 8, excluding grade 2. After grade 8, however, a higher percentage of non-Aboriginal students than Aboriginal students under a Continuing Custody Orders are in age appropriate grades.

Educational Experiences of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order

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Grade 4 - Foundation Skills Assessment Continuing Custody Orders and All Other Students 2009/2010—2010/2011, Public and Independent Schools
100%

% Meeting or Exceeding Expectations

90% 80% 70% 60%

2009/10 Grade 4 Reading Comprehension

2009/10 Grade 4 Reading Comprehension

2009/10 Grade 4 Numeracy 2010/11 Grade 4 Reading Comprehension

2009/10 Grade 4 Numeracy 2010/11 Grade 4 Reading Comprehension

2009/10 Grade 4 Writing

50%

2010/11 Grade 4 Numeracy

30% 20% 10% 0%

Continuing Custody Order

All Other Students
All Other Students Meet or Total Exceed % 36,158 29,085 80% 35,580 29,867 84% 36,117 27,624 76% 36,687 29,772 81% 36,093 31,367 87% 36,627 28,854 79%

School Year 2009/10 Grade 4 Reading Comprehension 2009/10 Grade 4 Writing 2009/10 Grade 4 Numeracy 2010/11 Grade 4 Reading Comprehension 2010/11 Grade 4 Writing 2010/11 Grade 4 Numeracy

Continuing Custody Order Meet or Total Exceed % 151 101 67% 150 105 70% 149 80 54% 153 88 58% 144 103 72% 149 72 48%

Notes
   

CCO stands for Children under a Continuing Custody Order enroled in school All Other Students includes children in care but not CCO Participation counts limited to children with responses that can be evaluated Students were counted as not meeting expectations if they did not complete an assessment.

Comments Children under a Continuing Custody Order Meet or Exceed Expectations at lower rates for all Foundation Skills Assessments and for all grades in 2009/10 and 2010/11.

Educational Experiences of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order

2010/11 Grade 4 Numeracy

40%

2010/11 Grade 4 Writing

2009/10 Grade 4 Writing

2010/11 Grade 4 Writing

25

Grade 7 - Foundation Skills Assessment Continuing Custody Orders and All Other Students 2009/2010—2010/2011, Public and Independent Schools
100%

% Meeting or Exceeding Expectations

90% 80% 70% 60%

2009/10 Grade 7 Reading Comprehension

2009/10 Grade 7 Reading Comprehension

2009/10 Grade 7 Numeracy 2010/11 Grade 7 Reading Comprehension

2009/10 Grade 7 Numeracy 2010/11 Grade 7 Reading Comprehension

2009/10 Grade 7 Writing

50%

2010/11 Grade 7 Numeracy

30% 20% 10% 0%

Continuing Custody Order
Continuing Custody Order Meet or School Year Total Exceed % 2009/10 Grade 7 Reading Comprehension 165 100 61% 2009/10 Grade 7 Writing 158 100 63% 2009/10 Grade 7 Numeracy 159 69 43% 2010/11 Grade 7 Reading Comprehension 204 122 60% 2010/11 Grade 7 Writing 201 145 72% 2010/11 Grade 7 Numeracy 201 84 42%

All Other Students
All Other Students Meet or Total Exceed % 39,526 30,885 78% 38,709 32,377 84% 39,351 29,673 75% 38,946 30,667 79% 38,226 33,583 88% 38,931 29,047 75%

Notes
   

CCO stands for Children under a Continuing Custody Order enroled in school All Other Students includes children in care but not CCO Participation counts limited to children with responses that can be evaluated Students were counted as not meeting expectations if they did not complete an assessment.

Comments Children under a Continuing Custody Order Meet or Exceed Expectations at lower rates for all Foundation Skills Assessments and for all grades in 2009/10 and 2010/11.

Educational Experiences of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order

2010/11 Grade 7 Numeracy

40%

2010/11 Grade 7 Writing

2009/10 Grade 7 Writing

2010/11 Grade 7 Writing

26

Grade 4 - Foundation Skills Assessment Continuing Custody Orders, Aboriginal and Non-Aboriginal 2009/2010—2010/2011, Province, Public and Independent Schools
90%

% Meeting or Exceeding Expectations

80% 70% 60%

2009/10 Grade 4 Reading Comprehension

2009/10 Grade 4 Numeracy 2010/11 Grade 4 Reading Comprehension

2009/10 Grade 4 Numeracy 2010/11 Grade 4 Reading Comprehension

2009/10 Grade 4 Writing

40% 30% 20% 10% 0%

2009/10 Grade 4 Reading Comprehension

2010/11 Grade 4 Numeracy

2010/11 Grade 4 Writing

2009/10 Grade 4 Writing

2010/11 Grade 4 Writing

50%

Aboriginal CCOs

Non-Aboriginal CCOs
Aboriginal CCOs Meet or Total Exceed % 95 58 61% 94 66 70% 93 46 49% 106 57 54% 101 68 67% 103 52 50% Non-Aboriginal CCOs Meet or Total Exceed % 56 43 77% 56 39 70% 56 34 61% 47 31 66% 43 35 81% 46 20 43%

School Year 2009/10 Grade 4 Reading Comprehension 2009/10 Grade 4 Writing 2009/10 Grade 4 Numeracy 2010/11 Grade 4 Reading Comprehension 2010/11 Grade 4 Writing 2010/11 Grade 4 Numeracy

Notes
   

CCO stands for Children under a Continuing Custody Order enroled in school All Other Students includes children in care but not CCO Participation counts limited to children with responses that can be evaluated Students were counted as not meeting expectations if they did not complete an assessment.

Comments Except for Grade 4 Numeracy in 2010/2011, Aboriginal children under a Continuing Custody Order Meet or Exceed Expectations at lower rates for all Foundation Skills Assessments and for all grades in 2010/11 than Non-Aboriginal CCOs.

Educational Experiences of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order

2010/11 Grade 4 Numeracy

27

Grade 7 - Foundation Skills Assessment Continuing Custody Orders, Aboriginal and Non-Aboriginal 2009/2010—2010/2011, Province, Public and Independent Schools
90%

% Meeting or Exceeding Expectations

80% 70% 60%

2009/10 Grade 7 Reading Comprehension

2009/10 Grade 7 Reading Comprehension

2009/10 Grade 7 Numeracy 2010/11 Grade 7 Reading Comprehension

2009/10 Grade 7 Numeracy 2010/11 Grade 7 Reading Comprehension

2009/10 Grade 7 Writing

40% 30% 20% 10% 0%

2010/11 Grade 7 Numeracy

2010/11 Grade 7 Writing
61 33

2009/10 Grade 7 Writing

2010/11 Grade 7 Writing

50%

Aboriginal CCOs

Non-Aboriginal CCOs
Non-Aboriginal CCOs Meet or Total Exceed % 57 39 68% 54 44 81% 56 26 46% 75 53 71% 74 73 82% 45%

School Year 2009/10 Grade 7 Reading Comprehension 2009/10 Grade 7 Writing 2009/10 Grade 7 Numeracy 2010/11 Grade 7 Reading Comprehension 2010/11 Grade 7 Writing 2010/11 Grade 7 Numeracy

Aboriginal CCOs Meet or Total Exceed % 108 61 56% 104 56 54% 103 43 42% 129 69 53% 127 128 84 51 66% 40%

Notes
   

CCO stands for Children under a Continuing Custody Order enroled in school All Other Students includes children in care but not CCO Participation counts limited to children with responses that can be evaluated Students were counted as not meeting expectations if they did not complete an assessment.

Comments Aboriginal children under a Continuing Custody Order Meet or Exceed Expectations at lower rates for all Foundation Skills Assessments and for all grades in 2010/11 than Non-Aboriginal CCOs.

Educational Experiences of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order

2010/11 Grade 7 Numeracy

28

Grade 10 English, Per Cent Pass Children Under a Continuing Custody Order and All Other Children 2005/2006 - 2010/2011 Province, Public and Independent Schools
100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 2005/2006 2006/2007 2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011 School Year
CCO All Other Students

Per Cent

School Year 2005/2006 2006/2007 2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011

CCO 89.6% 90.9% 90.5% 93.6% 91.7% 90.7%

All Other Students 96.2% 96.0% 96.5% 96.6% 96.4% 95.8%

Notes
  

CCO stands for Children under a Continuing Custody Order enroled in school Standardized, provincial Grade 10 English exams were first offered in 2004/2005 Pass defined as a grade of C- or better

Comments A lower percentage of children under a Continuing Custody Order passed their grade 10 English exam than all other students every year since 2005/2006. In 2010/2011, 279 CCOs wrote the Grade 10 English exam (compared to 51,421 non-CCO students). Educational Experiences of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order 29

Grade 10 English, Per Cent Pass Children Under a Continuing Custody Order Aboriginal and Non-Aboriginal 2005/2006 - 2010/2011 Province, Public and Independent Schools
100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 2005/2006 2006/2007 2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011 School Year
Aboriginal Non-Aboriginal

Per Cent

School Year 2005/2006 2006/2007 2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011

Aboriginal Non-Aboriginal 91.4% 88.0% 88.7% 87.1% 93.0% 90.6% 89.9% 93.6% 94.7% 94.3% 93.2% 91.7%

Notes
  

CCO stands for Children under a Continuing Custody Order enroled in school Standardized, provincial Grade 10 English exams were first offered in 2004/2005 Pass defined as a grade of C- or better

Comments Aboriginal CCOs passed their Grade 10 English at a lower proportion than non-Aboriginal CCOs every year since 2006/2007. In 2010/2011, 158 Aboriginal CCOs and 121 non-Aboriginal CCOs wrote the Grade 10 Math exam.

Educational Experiences of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order

30

Grade 10 Math, Per Cent Pass Children Under a Continuing Custody Order and All Other Children 2005/2006 - 2010/2011 Province, Public and Independent Schools
100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 2005/2006 2006/2007 2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011 School Year
CCO All Other Students

Per Cent

School Year 2005/2006 2006/2007 2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011

CCO 87.4% 89.8% 84.1% 79.0% 85.9% 66.7%

All Other Students 93.1% 92.9% 93.5% 93.4% 93.9% 92.2%

Notes
  

CCO stands for Children under a Continuing Custody Order enroled in school Standardized, provincial Grade 10 English exams were first offered in 2004/2005 Pass defined as a grade of C- or better

Comments Only 9 CCOs wrote the Grade 10 Math exam (compared to 3,102 non-CCO students). A lower proportion of CCOs passed their grade 10 math exam than all other students every year since 2005/2006.

Educational Experiences of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order

31

Grade 10 Math, Per Cent Pass Children Under a Continuing Custody Order Aboriginal and Non-Aboriginal 2005/2006 - 2010/2011 Province, Public and Independent Schools

95% 85%

75%
Per Cent
65% 55% 45% 35% 25% 2005/2006 2006/2007 2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011 School Year
Aboriginal Non-Aboriginal

School Year 2005/2006 2006/2007 2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011

Aboriginal Non-Aboriginal 82.1% 91.7% 84.8% 75.6% 74.4% 87.8% 50.0% 95.2% 91.5% 83.8% 83.8% 71.4%

Notes
  

CCO stands for Children under a Continuing Custody Order enroled in school Standardized, provincial Grade 10 English exams were first offered in 2004/2005 Pass defined as a grade of C- or better

Comments In 2010/2011, 2 Aboriginal CCOs and 7 non-Aboriginal CCOs wrote the Grade 10 math exam. This makes comparisons of these two groups more variable than when making similar comparisons among the total student population.

Educational Experiences of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order

32

Grade 12 English, Per Cent Pass Children Under a Continuing Custody Order and All Other Children 2005/2006 - 2010/2011 Province, Public and Independent Schools
100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 2005/2006 2006/2007 2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011 School Year
CCO All Other Students

Per Cent

School Year 2005/2006 2006/2007 2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011

CCO 94.3% 93.6% 97.4% 92.9% 97.4% 90.1%

All Other Students 98.2% 98.1% 98.3% 97.8% 98.0% 98.3%

Notes
 

CCO stands for Children under a Continuing Custody Order enroled in school Pass defined as a grade of C- or better

Comments In 2010/2011, 121 students under a Continuing Custody Order wrote the Grade 12 English exam (compared to 44,846 other students who wrote the exam). This makes comparisons with Continuing Custody Order data more variable than when making comparisons among the total student population.

Educational Experiences of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order

33

Grade 12 English, Per Cent Pass Children Under a Continuing Custody Order Aboriginal and Non-Aboriginal 2005/2006 - 2010/2011 Province, Public and Independent Schools
100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 2005/2006 2006/2007 2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011 School Year
Aboriginal Non-Aboriginal

Per Cent

School Year 2005/2006 2006/2007 2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011

Aboriginal Non-Aboriginal 89.7% 96.6% 96.4% 94.4% 94.1% 97.9% 89.3% 92.4% 100.0% 91.8% 97.1% 90.8%

Notes
 

CCO stands for Children under a Continuing Custody Order enroled in school Pass defined as a grade of C- or better

Comments The percentage of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal CCOs passing their Grade 12 English exam decreased in 2010/2011. In 2010/2011, 56 Aboriginal CCOs and 65 non-Aboriginal CCOs wrote the Grade 12 English exam.

Educational Experiences of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order

34

Grade 12 Math, Per Cent Pass Children Under a Continuing Custody Order and All Other Children 2005/2006 - 2010/2011 Province, Public and Independent Schools
100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 2005/2006 2006/2007 2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011 School Year
CCO All Other Students

Per Cent

School Year 2005/2006 2006/2007 2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011

CCO 100.0% 100.0% -----

All Other Students 95.9% 93.6% 95.4% 94.1% 96.6% 84.4%

Notes
  

CCO stands for Children under a Continuing Custody Order enroled in school Pass defined as a grade of C- or better All Other Students include children in care but not under a CCO.

Comments For the fourth year in a row zero children under a Continuing Custody Order wrote the Grade 12 math exam.

Educational Experiences of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order

35

Grade 12 Math, Per Cent Pass Children Under a Continuing Custody Order Aboriginal and Non-Aboriginal 2005/2006 - 2010/2011 Province, Public and Independent Schools
100% 90%

80%
Per Cent
70% 60% 50% 40% 2005/2006 2006/2007 2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011 School Year
Aboriginal Non-Aboriginal

School Year 2005/2006 2006/2007 2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011

Aboriginal Non-Aboriginal 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% ----------

Notes
 

CCO stands for Children under a Continuing Custody Order enroled in school Pass defined as a grade of C- or better

Comments For the fourth year in a row zero children under a Continuing Custody Order wrote the Grade 12 math exam.

Educational Experiences of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order

36

2010/2011 Six-Year Completion Rate, Children Under a Continuing Custody Order and All Other Children whose Grade 8 Year was 2005/2006, Public and Independent Schools
100%

75%

Per Cent

50%

25%

0% Total Female
CCO

Male

Aboriginal
All Other Students

Non-Aboriginal

Provincial Six-Year Completion Rate (%) All Other Group CCO Students Total 40.8% 81.2% Female 47.9% 83.6% Male 35.0% 79.0% Aboriginal 37.3% 54.3% Non-Aboriginal 46.3% 84.1%

Notes
  

CCO stands for Children under a Continuing Custody Order enroled in school Figures relate to CCO in Grade 8 of the appropriate school year All Other Students includes children in care but not a CCO

Comments In 2010/11, 81.2 per cent of all other students completed grade 12 with their Dogwood Certificate within 6 years of entering grade 8. By comparison, 40.8 per cent of children identified as being under a CCO in their grade 8 year completed grade 12 with their Dogwood Certificate within six years of their grade 8 year. Non-Aboriginal CCOs had a completion rate 9 percentage points higher than Aboriginal CCOs.

Educational Experiences of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order

37

Graduation Rate (Eligible to Graduate) Children Under a Continuing Custody Order and All Other Children 2005/2006 - 2010/2011 Province, Public and Independent Schools
100%

75%

Per Cent

50%

25%

0%

2005/2006

2006/2007

2007/2008

2008/2009

2009/2010

2010/2011

School Year
CCO All Other Students

Provincial Graduation Rate (%) All Other School Year CCO Students 2005/2006 84.2% 94.7% 2006/2007 2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011 86.0% 92.5% 87.7% 87.0% 82.2% 93.7% 95.4% 95.1% 94.9% 94.0%

Notes
  

CCO stands for Children under a Continuing Custody Order enroled in school Children identified as CCO if they were CCO at least once between 2001/02 and 2006/07 All Other Students includes children in care but not a CCO

Comments Graduation rates for children under a Continuing Custody Order, and who are eligible to graduate, have remained consistently lower than all other students and have dropped since the 2005/06 school year.

Educational Experiences of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order

38

Graduation Rate (Eligible to Graduate) Detail Children Under a Continuing Custody Order and All Other Children 2010/2011, Province - Public and Independent Schools
100%

75%

Per Cent

50%

25%

0%

Total

Female

Male

Aboriginal

Non-Aboriginal

CCO

All Other Students

Provincial Graduation Rate (%) All Other Group CCO Students Total 82.2% 94.0% Female 85.7% 94.5% Male Aboriginal Non-Aboriginal 77.5% 82.1% 82.2% 93.4% 88.6% 94.3%

Notes
  

CCO stands for Children under a Continuing Custody Order enroled in school Children identified as CCO if they were CCO at least once between 2001/02 and 2006/07 All Other Students includes children in care but not a CCO

Comments Graduation rates are lower for Male students than for Female students. These characteristics exist for students under a Continuing Custody Order and all other students, although the difference is more pronounced for those under a Continuing Custody Order.

Educational Experiences of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order

39

Glossary
Aboriginal Student A student who has self-identified as being of Aboriginal ancestry (First Nations: status and non-status, Métis or Inuit). Adult Student A student 20 years of age or older as of June 30 at the end of the school year. Age Appropriate Grade Looks at whether a student is attending school at a grade level typical at their age. For example, a student attending Grade 1 when they were 6 years old would be considered appropriate. Age appropriate includes children who skipped a grade level. British Columbia Certificate of Graduation Granted by the Ministry of Education to students who meet the British Columbia secondary school graduation requirements. Also referred to as a "Dogwood Certificate". CFCSA Child, Family & Community Service Act [RSBC 1996] Child in Care A child who is in the custody, care or guardianship of a director ( CFCSA) or the director of adoption (Adoptions Act). Completion Rate See Six-Year Completion Rate Continuing Custody Order The Director of Child Protection becomes the sole guardian of the child and the Public Trustee becomes the guardian of the child's estate. Dogwood Certificate See B.C. Certificate of Graduation Enrolment A record of a student reported to the Ministry of Education as receiving an educational program. A student may be recorded and counted as an enrolment in more than one school. Registered home schooled children are not included. Graduate A student that has met the British Columbia graduation requirements. Graduation A Certificate of Graduation is awarded by the Ministry of Education upon successful completion of the British Columbia Graduation Requirements. Graduation Rate Tracks students who enrolled in Grade 12 in September and graduated in the same school year. Eligible to graduate is a sub-measure of Grade 12 students who, if they pass all courses in which they have enrolled as of September, will have met all requirements to graduate, and graduate. Educational Experiences of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order 40

Legal Authority Code to describe the Ministry of Children and Family Development's legal authority in relationship to the child. Legal authorities are clustered into legal categories as well as broader legal groups. Continuing Custody Orders is one such legal category. MCFD Ministry of Children and Family Development MEd Ministry of Education MIS SWS Management Information System (MIS) Social Work System (SWS). Also called SWS MIS. MIS SWS is made up of three different but interconnected data collection subsystems that provide different functions. N/A Not Available Participant (Foundation Skills Assessment) A student who responded meaningfully to at least one question in the assessment. Participation Rate (Foundation Skills Assessment) The number of students who responded to at least one question in the assessment divided by the total number of students in that grade. Pass (Success) Rate Students who receive a passing letter grade of A, B, C+, C, or C- as their exam mark in a particular year divided by students who receive a letter grade of A through F as their exam mark in that year. Includes students from all grades who obtained marks in the course of the indicated grade level. Performance (Foundation Skills Assessment) The student performance levels are:  Exceeding Expectations - exceeded the expectations for student's grade  Meeting Expectations - met the accepted expectations for student's grade  Not Yet Meeting Expectations - did not demonstrate sufficient skills to meet the minimum expectations for student's grade. Public School A body of students, teachers, other staff, and facilities organized as a unit for educational purposes under the supervision of an administrative officer and administered by a district school board. School An organization having at least one teacher and administrator, which provides educational programs to students. School District A geographic area in British Columbia constituted as a district under the School Act. There are currently 59 school districts and one Francophone Education Authority. School Year The twelve-month period commencing on July 1 and ending on June 30 of the following year. Educational Experiences of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order 41

School-age Five to 19 years of age inclusive. Six-Year Completion Rate The proportion of students who graduate, with a Certificate of Graduation, within six years from the first time they enrol in Grade 8, adjusted for migration in and out of British Columbia. Special Education Program A supplemental program provided by schools to assist students, identified as having “special requirements”, in achieving a Certificate of Graduation and/or other outcomes as specified in the student’s Individual Education Plan (IEP). Special Education Categories Category A – Physically Dependent Category B – Deafblind Category C – Moderate to Profound Intellectual Disability Category D – Physical Disability/Chronic Health Impairment Category E – Visual Impairment Category F – Deaf or Hard of Hearing Category G – Autism Spectrum Disorder Category H – Intensive Behaviour Interventions/Serious Mental Illness Category K – Mild Intellectual Disability Category P – Gifted Category Q – Learning Disability (formerly Category J) Category R – Moderate Behaviour Support/Mental Illness (formerly Categories M and N) Student An individual enrolled in a British Columbia school. Students include all school-aged and adult persons who are working toward a British Columbia Certificate of Graduation. Subject (Provincial Examinations) Includes both French and English variants of equivalent curricula, in combination.

Educational Experiences of Children Under a Continuing Custody Order

42

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