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USE: Lakas Sambayanan Note Sheet (Parts 8&9) President Ramos Speech notes GapMinder data Articles from Article Packet (Cornell Notes) Current events articles from your R&R entries (must cite these)
HUMAN RIGHTS Failure 1. Since Marcos left, the number of people murdered (per 100,000 people) in the Philippines has increased from 0.96 in 1992 to 25 in 2005. - Human Right #14, The Right to Seek a Safe Place to Live (GapMinder) 2. Human Right #25, Food and shelter for all The millions at EDSA had since been left behind to continue to experience hunger, unemployment, homelessness, even despair. 3. Human Right # 22, Social Security: In 2009 six out of ten Filipinos were trying to survive on incomes of P82 or less per day for all their food and non-food expenses. ECONOMICS Failure 1. Cory Aquino's administration brought almost no improvements to the lives of the poor, and failed to decrease the large gap between them and the few Filipinos with money. "This was a political revolution, not a social revolution," said Mr Rood (head of the Asia Foundation in Manila) (EDSAs Aftermath) 2. economic growth was interrupted by the 1997 Asian economic meltdown and uneasy political transition. Under Joseph Estradas short-lived and corruption-ridden presidency from 1998 to 2001 and politically unstable regime, the Philippines economic growth dropped even further. (EDSA a Generation After) 3. Gloria Macapagal Arroyo administration from 2001-2010 the economy did considerably better than the previous administrations, yet there has also been rising joblessness, severe social inequality and growing numbers of poor people. The 2.6 million unemployed Filipinos in 1986 increased to 4.4 million in 2010 (EDSA a Generation After) 4. The historical record since 1986 reflects the effects of reformist policies which do not basically change the character of Philippine society and its core political system. Economic and political inequality continue at high levels, with poverty engulfing many of the nation's families. Independent surveys also indicate that gains made by the national economy have been largely limited to the wealthy and have not significantly trickled down to poorer Filipinos. (13 Years After Edsa Revolution) 5. The Philippines is one the best educated countries in Asia-92% Filipinos are literate - the economy has never risen to Asian Tiger Status. Filipinos are back to referring to their country as the basket case of Asia. ( Glory Days)


1. Philippine elites thought it best to undertake a program of restoring the country in a way where their interests would be guaranteed rather than focusing on the building of a new democratic regime...thieves and criminals (with good family connections) were given important posts in the post-Marcos transitional government. (13 Years After Edsa Revolution) And while the revolution brought some name changes in the top levels of power, that power remained concentrated among a small group of rich elite - something that is still the case today. (EDSAs Aftermath) 2. There was another People Power revolt 15 years later - in which President Joseph Estrada was ousted due to charges of corruption, something that continues to plague Philippine government and military institutions today. 3. Systemic graft (use of authority for personal gain) and corruption remain at fairly high levels. Years after the EDSA Revolution, a new president's speeches would continue to denounce routinely "hoodlums in robes" (those in the judiciary), "hoodlums in uniform" (those in the military and the police) as well as all other plain hoodlums in and out of government service. (13 Years AFter EDSA Revolution) For extra credits: Enrile who was the main defector in the EDSA Revolution, is accused of corruption along with other senators. Link:

Optional: GOVERNMENTAL DECISION MAKING Failure 1. Lacking a clearly revolutionary goal, program of government, and political leadership, the rising could not go much beyond ridding the country of the hated Marcos and taking apart his dictatorship. Indeed the momentum of the popular revolt could have been sustained and immediately magnified had a series of progressive government policies been launched and implemented with revolutionary rigor by the successor regime. (13 Years AFter EDSA Revolution)

2. These policies included people empowerment, particularly at the local level, national unification embracing the traditionally marginalized and even the main rebel groups, recovery of stolen public resources and relentless pursuit of those responsible for the ruin of an entire nation across several generations. (13 Years AFter EDSA Revolution) 3. eternal rottenness of the Philippine System, how power never shifted from elite politicians Only the dates and personalities have changed The men mourn the fact that they didnt take full control in 1986, install a figurehead reconciliation council. and suspend democracy for up to three years - to re-engineer the Philippines. - Gringo Honasan (RAM) (Glory Days)