St Thomas Aquinas Sec School Department of Technical Education

Standard Grade

Craft& Design

Wood
RevisionUnits

NAME.

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CLASS.

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Contents List
Standard Grade Craft & Design St Thomas Aquinas Secondary School

Tick Completion Date Wood
1 Woodwork Hand Tools

Parents Signature

2 Box Joints

3 Cutting List

4 Box exercise

5 Drilling Wood

6 Hinges

7 The Lathe

8 Lathe Processes

9 Frame Joints

10 Wood Screws

11 Model Assembly

12 Wood Finishing

Revision Unit 1
Standard Grade Craft & Design

Woodwork Hand Tools
St Thomas Aquinas Secondary School

Given below is a list of common wood working hand tools used in the construction of a simple box. On the paper provided sketch each tool and identify what each is used for. Space has been provided on this sheet to allow for notes to be made: 1. Tri Square; (2)

2. Marking Gauge;

(2)

3. Tenon Saw;

(2)

4. Coping Saw

(2)

5. Bevel-Edge Chisel;

(2)

6. Mortice Chisel;

(2)

7. Smoothing Plane;

(2)

8. Mallet;

(2)

9. Cross Pein Hammer;

(2)

10. Nail Punch.

(2)

11. G Clamp

(2) Total 22 Marks

Revision Unit 2
Standard Grade Craft & Design

Box Joints
St Thomas Aquinas Secondary School

The drawing below shows a design for a typical wooden box made in Craft & Design.

1. Name and sketch the joint used to join the corners. 2. Name and sketch the joint used to join the shelf.

(2) (2)

3. With the aid of sketches, describe how BOTH of these joints are marked out, constructed and the tools used in the process. (8) 4. Trace the tool shown. (1)

5. What is the name of this tool. 6. What is this tool used for? 7. Annotate your tracing to show: (i) Where do your adjust the tool to control the depth of the cut. (ii) What controls the thickness of cut allowed. 8. Explain why this tool can be more effective than a chisel?

(1) (1)

(1) (1) (1)

Total 18 Marks

Revision Unit 3
Standard Grade Craft & Design

Cutting List
St Thomas Aquinas Secondary School

The bookrack shown below is made of hardwood. The ends and the shelf are 15mm thick. The shelf is housed to a depth of 5mm.

1. Copy the cutting list and fill in the missing dimensions Part A B C Number Required Length Breadth

(12) Thickness

2. Describe the Hand Tools used to remove the waste wood at each of the four parts of Part A that have been numbered. (8)

1 2 3 4

Total 20 Marks

Revision Unit 4
Standard Grade Craft & Design

Box Exercise
St Thomas Aquinas Secondary School

Below is shown two common hand tools that are used in box construction.

1. For EACH tool, complete the following: (i) (ii) (iii) Trace the tool. (2) Name the tool. (2) Describe how each tool could be used to attach a plywood base to a box. Use sketches to illustrate your answer. (4)

2. With reference to aesthetics, why is it better to use one of the above joints rather than pinning plywood to the box? (1)

3.What is meant by the term flush?

(1)

4.With the aid of sketches, describe two methods of checking a box for squareness.

(6)

Total 16 Marks

Revision Unit 5
Standard Grade Craft & Design

Drilling -Wood
St Thomas Aquinas Secondary School

Shown below are four common types of drilling tools used in wood projects.

1. Trace and name each bit/ drill. 2. If a hole was to be drilled up to a size of 13 mm, what type of bit/ drill will be used? 3. What type of bit/ drill will be used if a 38 mm hole was required? 4. A flat-bottomed hole is required during the manufacture of a table top, which bit/ drill should be chosen? 5.Name and trace each tool.

(4) (1) (1) (1) (4)

6. What bit/ drill is used with each tool? (4) 7.When boring a large hole through a piece of wood, what can be done to prevent it from splitting? (1) Total 16 Marks

Revision Unit 6
Standard Grade Craft & Design

Hinges
St Thomas Aquinas Secondary School

1. Trace each of the hinges shown below. 2. Name each hinge 3. State where each of the hinges would be used.

(4) (4) (4)

4. Give two reasons why brass is commonly used material for hinges. 5. With the aid of sketches, explain why countersink screws are always used instead of roundhead screws when attaching hinges to models?

(2)

(4)

Total 18 Marks

Revision Unit 7
Standard Grade Craft & Design

The Lathe
St Thomas Aquinas Secondary School

The diagram below shows a view of a wood turning lathe.

1. Carefully trace the diagram.

(1)

2. Name parts A, B, C, D, E, & F.

(6)

3.Name three safety procedures that have to be carried out when using the lathe

(3)

4.There are two main categories of turning on the lathe. Name them

(2)

5. Look at the picture shown below.

(i) (ii) (iii)

Trace the three tools. Name each tool. Why are the handles for these tools so long?

(3) (3) (1) Total 19 Marks

Revision Unit 8
Standard Grade Craft & Design

Lathe Processes
St Thomas Aquinas Secondary School

The wooden rolling pin shown is to be made on a lathe.

1. Name a close grained hardwood suitable for turning the rolling pin. (1) 2. With the aid of sketches, complete the sequence of operations required to prepare the blank before fitting it onto the lathe. (i) Mark the diagonals on both ends (ii) (1) (iii) (1) (iv) (1) (v) (1) 3. When turning the wooden blank, it has to be held in the lathe from both sides. What is this type of turning called? (1) 4. Once the woodwork lathe has been set up, but before it is switched on, it is good practice to rotate the blank by hand. Explain why this should be done. (1) 5. The diameter of the rolling pin has to be 40mm. What tool can be used to check the diameter of the wood. (1) 6. Look at the picture below

With reference to the above sketch. (i) where would the fork centre be fitted- A, B or C? (ii) where would the revolving centre be fitted- A, B or C? 7. A fruit bowl is to be turned on the lathe. What is this type of turning called? 8. Look at the picture below.

(1) (1) (1)

(i) (ii)

Trace and name this tool How is this used?

(2) (1) Total 14 Marks

Revision Unit 9
Standard Grade Craft & Design

Frame Joints
St Thomas Aquinas Secondary School

Draw a neat pictorial view of each of the following joints and give details of the main steps required to manufacture them: 1. Corner Halving joint; (4)

2. Tee Halving Joint;

(4)

3. Cross Halving Joint;

(4)

4. Bridle Joint;

(4)

5. Dowell joint;

(4)

6. Biscuit joint;

(4)

Total 24 Marks

Revision Unit 10
Standard Grade Craft & Design

Wood Screws
St Thomas Aquinas Secondary School

Look at the picture.

1. Name and sketch each screw. 2. Sketch and name the screwdrivers used with for screw heads A, B & C. (3)

(8) (3)

A

B

C

3. Shown below are six ways to use a screwdriver.

(i) (ii)

Trace out drawings A, B, C, D, E & F. (6) Explain whether the use of the screwdriver in each case is correct/incorrect and why. (6)

4. Trace the diagram below.

Describe the steps taken to join the two pieces of wood together with the wood screw. Answer with reference to the diagram. (6) 5. The base of a deck chair is shown below.

The round cross rail is held together with a screw. Near each end of the round cross rails, a 10mm diameter dowell is glued in place for a functional reason. Explain why this is needed. (1) Total 30 Marks

Revision Unit 11
Standard Grade Craft & Design

Model Assembly
St Thomas Aquinas Secondary School

The drawing shows a design for a table.

1. The leg and lower rail were joined as shown.

(i) (ii)

State the name of the joint used.

(1)

State the name of two tools which could be used to mark out this joint other than a pencil and a rule. (2)

(iii) What is the name of the hand tool used to cut out this joint. (1) 2. After the joints are cut, describe the steps in constructing the frame, not including the top of the table. (4) 3. The table is to be constructed from strips of wood glued and clamped together as shown. (i) Explain why the wood has been placed I this way. (1)

4.

When clamping the table top together, it is clamped together as shown.

(i) (ii)

State the name of the clamps used? Why are the clamps placed the way they are?

(1) (1)

Total 11 Marks

Revision Unit 12
Standard Grade Craft & Design

Wood Finishing
St Thomas Aquinas Secondary School

1. What does finish mean?

(1)

2. Give two methods of applying paint to wood.

(2)

3. A CD holder has been made from pine. Give an example of how a colour finish could be given to the wood and also show off the woodgrain. (1)

4. Give three examples of a finish that could be applied to wood to show off its natural colour. (3)

5. Give two preparations that should be applied to wood before varnishing.

(2)

6. A Garden fence needs to be finished appropriately. (i) Write down an appropriate finish to be used. (ii) Explain your choice.

(1) (1)

7. A Bird box has been made to sit in a garden. (i) Write down an appropriate finish to be used. (ii) Explain your choice. (iii) Why should a water-based varnish not be used?

(1) (1) (1)

8. A finish is applied to a fruit bowl. (i) What is this finish called? (ii) Why does this specific finish need to be used?

(1) (1)

9. The first coat of varnish has been applied to a model. (i) Should the coat be thick or thin? (1) (ii) After the first coat dries, the surface of the wood feels rough, explain why?(1) (iii) The end grain of the wood looks very dry. Explain why? (1)

10. After varnishing, a final finish can be applied. (i) Explain what this finish is. (ii) How could this finish be applied?

(1) (1) Total 21 Marks