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Florida Avenue, 4th Floor Tampa, FL 33602-4519 Telephone: (813) 483-4200 Dear U.S. Marshal William B. Berger, Sr.:
February 15, 2014
Thank you for your phone call Thursday January 30, 2014. I share your frustration with this matter, which is a state-wide problem of The Florida Bar usurping the Article III judicial power of the United States. My petition for rehearing Petition No. 13-7280 was filed February 7, 2014, copy enclosed, along with a guide to the proceedings and a CD-ROM. Soon I plan to serve a couple of motions. I would like the U.S. Marshal to serve courtesy copies on the Chief Justice, Associate and Retired Justices shown on the enclosed list. Please advise. In the past my filings to the Court have gone missing. I called the Court on February 6, 2014 and a deputy clerk could not find a letter the Court sent me February 4, 2014. This happened before. I believe Jeffrey Atkins, Supervisor of New Cases (202) 479-3263, has been involved, and likely others within the Court. I want to be sure my petition for rehearing is actually considered. The Supreme Court gets about 10,000 petitions for writ of certiorari a year. All petitions are filed in paper. The Supreme Court does not use CM/ECF or PACER like other federal courts. Anything sent to the Supreme Court at 1 First Street, NE, Washington, DC 20543, is re-routed to a decontamination facility called the Supreme Court Warehouse, 3035 V Street NE, Washington, DC 20018-1520 where items go through a security process. That process usually takes one day, then the items are delivered to the Supreme Court and eventually to the case analyst. My case analyst is Clayton R. Higgins, Jr. (202) 479-3019. I believe the case analyst is assigned alphabetically to the petitioner. My first submission to the Supreme Court was in June 2011, a Rule 22 Application to a single justice, Justice Thomas, who is assigned to hear matters arising in the jurisdiction of the U.S. Eleventh Circuit. Prior to filing I spoke with staff attorney Danny Bickell (202) 479-3024, who seemed forthright as one might expect of the Supreme Court. But once my Rule 22 Application was served on the Florida Respondents, things changed. My calls to the Court usually went unanswered. My two Rule 22 Applications were not presented to Justice Thomas, but returned to me citing errors. During the review of Petition No. 12-7747, I filed on January 22, 2013 two items that were not docketed by the Court, see enclosed my letter February 11, 2013 to then-Clerk William Suter.
U.S. Marshal William B. Berger, Sr. Sam M. Gibbons U.S. Courthouse 1.
February 15, 2014 Page - 2
Rule 12.6 Notice to the Clerk of the Court, party interest; and Rule 29 Proof of Service
2. Rule 8 Notice, conduct unbecoming a member of the Bar of this Court [Ryan C. Rodems] verified, with separate volume appendix; and Rule 29 Proof of Service. The current Clerk of the Supreme Court is Scott S. Harris. The above is representative but not inclusive of fraud or impairment of Petition. No. 12-7747. You asked about Sonja Mullerin and the pronunciation of her name. I know her as Alison “Sunny” Maynard. Sunny is an experienced attorney and former Assistant Attorney General from Colorado. Sunny claims she got on the wrong side of special interests, which led to disciplinary charges and a suspended law license. Sunny relocated to Gainesville, and changed her name to get a fresh start in a new profession. That plan was disrupted by a landlord-tenant dispute, where Sunny found RICO racketeering in Florida Courts as I did. Sunny sought the assistance and protection of an Article III federal judge, as I did in my case, and found what I found: The Florida Bar has usurped what Article III calls the judicial power of the United States. Sunny found me through my RICO pleading filed in the Eleventh Circuit, posted on Scribd, and promoted by others. We corresponded by email for a time, I spoke with her once by phone, but I have not met her in person. This is a link to Sunny’s blog http://therealcolorado.blogspot.com/ A deputy clerk in the Ocala Division, Mary Jo Taylor, told me the US Marshal did not serve summons when I filed the complaint September 28, 2010 in 5:10-cv-503. A couple days later when I filed more papers, Mary Jo was there, and was on the verge of tears. While I am not certain what upset her, it may have been related to instructions from her superiors to obstruct my case. Over time Mary Jo was friendly and helpful in explaining things. A month before I filed my case I wrote August 30, 2010 to James Leanheart, Court Operations Supervisor, see enclosed. When I spoke with Mr. Leanheart October 19, 2012, he refused to say whom he contacted about my letter, or what his superiors told him. Unfortunately I believe my letter had the unintended consequence of obstructing my case. During our phone call you suggested I contact the media, and my response was not complete. Disability makes real-time communication difficult for me, as I can’t think fast enough to fully respond. Colleen Jenkins of the Tampa Bay Times wrote a piece January 22, 2010 limited to a JQC conflict, “Client-turned-adversary accuses Tampa law firm of conflict in judicial bid”. Also, http://www.tampabay.com/news/courts/client-turned-adversary-accuses-tampa-law-firm-ofconflict-in-judicial-bid/1067460 The New York Times, Linda Greenhouse, then Adam Liptak, no interest. The Los Angeles Times, no response. James E. Doughton, Publisher, Ocala Star-Banner, interested only if certiorari is granted Patrick J. Talamantes, CEO, The McClatchy Company, no response Daily Business Review, John Pacenti, no response Tallahassee Democrat, Martha Gruender, no response
U.S. Marshal William B. Berger, Sr. Sam M. Gibbons U.S. Courthouse
February 15, 2014 Page - 3
I also contacted public interest groups like the ACLU, First Amendment Foundation, Common Good, HALT, Reporters Committee, and Responsive Law in Washington DC. I also contacted people-friendly law firms like the Gerry Spence Law Firm in Jackson Hole, Wyoming. Over the years I have made hundreds of different contacts. See the accompanying information on 28 U.S.C. Chapter 37 - United States Marshals Service. Does § 564 and or § 566 give you authority to investigate felony crimes in this matter, like the Honest Services Fraud (18 U.S.C. § 1346) of Judge Martha Cook and Mr. Rodems on September 28, 2010 in Hillsborough County? Or obstructing justice, and unlicensed practice of law (UPL) in federal court, when Mr. Rodems represented the state of Florida? Only the Florida Attorney General may represent the the State of Florida in a federal court action, Fla. Const. Art IV § 4, F.S. § 16.01, and State ex rel. Shevin v. Weinstein. See attached page from Petition No. 12-7747. UPL is a 3d felony subject to 5-yrs in prison (§454.23), defined by Florida Bar Rule 10-2.1(a): (a) Unlicensed Practice of Law. The unlicensed practice of law shall mean the practice of law, as prohibited by statute, court rule, and case law of the state of Florida. Only the Attorney General of Florida may represent the State of Florida in a federal court action, Fla. Const. Art IV § 4, F.S. § 16.01, State ex rel. Shevin v. Weinstein. Mr. Rodems is not the Attorney General. Pam Bondi is the Attorney General of Florida. Please advise if the U.S. Marshal can serve courtesy copies on the Chief Justice, Associate and Retired Justices shown on the enclosed list. You may call, respond by letter, or email at my email address below. Thank you in advance for the courtesy of a response. Time is of the essence. Sincerely,
Neil J. Gillespie 8092 SW 115th Loop Ocala, Florida Telephone: (352) 854-7807 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Enclosures
February 11, 2013 The Honorable William K. Suter Clerk of the Court Supreme Court of the United States 1 First Street, NE Washington, DC 20543 RE: Petition No. 12-7747, Gillespie v. Thirteenth Judicial Circuit, FL, et al. Dear Hon. Clerk Suter: On January 22, 2013 I submitted the following documents for filing in the above petition, and as of today I do not see them posted on the Court's docket page at this link. http://www.supremecourt.gov/Search.aspx?FileName=/docketfiles/12-7747.htm 1. 2. Rule 12.6 Notice to the Clerk of the Court, party interest; and Rule 29 Proof of Service Rule 8 Notice, conduct unbecoming a member of the Bar of this Court, verified, with separate volume appendix; and Rule 29 Proof of Service.
Tomorrow February 12, 2013 I plan to submit for delivery to the Court February 13, 2013 a Supplemental Brief pursuant to Rule 15.8, Any party may file a supplemental brief at any time while a petition for a writ of certiorari is pending, calling attention to new cases, new legislation, or other intervening matter not available at the time of the party's last filing. My petition has been distributed for conference February 15, 2013. I am concerned that since the above Rule 12.6 and Rule 8 filings do not appear to be docketed, that there may be a problem, although I have proof of delivery to the Court for those filings. I request that the Court docket my Rule 15.8 Supplemental Brief upon arrival, because time is of the essence. Also, I do not have a response from Jeffrey Atkins, Supervisor of New Cases, to my letter dated January 22, 2013. I tried speaking with hin1 by phone, but forgot whom I spoke with earlier, due to a memory deficit disability, and that was a problem. I intend to fully cooperate. Thank you. Sincerely,
eil J. Gi les 1 8092 SW 5th Loop Ocala, Frida 34481 Telephone: (352) 854-7807 Email: email@example.com
28 U.S.C. Chapter 37 - United States Marshals Service Does § 564 and or § 566 give you authority to investigate felony crimes in this matter, like the Honest Services Fraud (18 U.S.C. § 1346) of Judge Martha Cook and Mr. Rodems on September 28, 2010 in Hillsborough County? Or obstructing justice, and unlicensed practice of law in federal court, when Mr. Rodems represented the state of Florida? Only the Florida Attorney General may represent the the State of Florida in a federal court action, Fla. Const. Art IV § 4, F.S. § 16.01, and State ex rel. Shevin v. Weinstein. See attached page from Petition No. 12-7747. Under 28 U.S.C. 564 - Powers as sheriff United States marshals, deputy marshals and such other officials of the Service as may be designated by the Director, in executing the laws of the United States within a State, may exercise the same powers which a sheriff of the State may exercise in executing the laws thereof. http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/28/564 28 U.S.C. 566 - Powers and duties (d) Each United States marshal, deputy marshal, and any other official of the Service as may be designated by the Director may carry firearms and make arrests without warrant for any offense against the United States committed in his or her presence, or for any felony cognizable under the laws of the United States if he or she has reasonable grounds to believe that the person to be arrested has committed or is committing such felony. Underline added. http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/28/566 (e) (1) The United States Marshals Service is authorized to— (A) provide for the personal protection of Federal jurists, court officers, witnesses, and other threatened persons in the interests of justice where criminal intimidation impedes on the functioning of the judicial process or any other official proceeding;
Petition No. 12-7747, page 8 Discussion of the first question presented 1. Can a Florida lawyer in private practice usurp the authority of an Article III federal judge in a federal civil rights and disability lawsuit, by improperly representing the State of Florida during a coercive custody of the disabled and mentally impaired petitioner to force a settlement, and assign the petitioner’s claims against the State of Florida to himself and his law partners, then move to dismiss the federal lawsuit with prejudice on behalf of the State of Florida? The answer is no. Only the Florida Attorney General can represent the State of Florida, which in this petition includes the following Respondents: Thirteenth Judicial Circuit, Florida Claudia Rickert Isom, Circuit Judge, and individually James M. Barton, II, Circuit Judge, and individually Martha J. Cook, Circuit Judge, and individually David A. Rowland, Court Counsel, and individually Gonzalo B. Casares, ADA Coordinator, and individually Case law holds that a circuit court judge does not have authority to appoint counsel to represent the State of Florida: Only the Attorney General of Florida may represent the State of Florida in a federal court action. A circuit court judge was without the authority to appoint an acting state attorney to represent the state in an action pending before a federal court. State ex reI. Shevin v. Weinstein, 353 So. 2d 1251 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 3d Dis1. 1978). Section 16.01 Florida Statutes states: 16.01 Residence, office, and duties of Attorney General. The Attorney General: (4) Shall appear in and attend to, in behalf of the state, all suits or prosecutions, civil or criminal or in equity, in which the state may be a party, or in anywise interested, in the Supreme Court and district courts of appeal of this state. The Florida Constitution: Article IV, SECTION 4. Cabinet.— (b) The attorney general shall be the chief state legal officer. There is created in the office of the attorney general the position of statewide prosecutor. The statewide prosecutor shall have concurrent jurisdiction with the state attorneys to prosecute violations of criminal laws occurring or having occurred, in two or more judicial circuits as part of a related transaction, or when any such offense is affecting or has affected two or more judicial circuits as provided by general law. The statewide prosecutor shall be appointed by the attorney general from not less than three persons nominated by the judicial nominating commission for the supreme court, or as otherwise provided by general law.
Case 5:10-cv-00503-WTH-TBS Document 70
Filed 07/30/12 Page 71 of 88 PageID 1933
Case 5:10-cv-00503-WTH-TBS Document 70
Filed 07/30/12 Page 72 of 88 PageID 1934
Case 5:10-cv-00503-WTH-TBS Document 70
Filed 07/30/12 Page 73 of 88 PageID 1935
VIA U.P.S. No. 1Z64589FNY97993191 James E. Doughton, Publisher Ocala Star-Banner 2121 SW 19th Ave. Road Ocala, FL 34471
October 28, 2013
RE: U.S. Judge Wm. Terrell Hodges, Petition(s) to the U.S. Supreme Court Dear Mr. Doughton, Thank you and the Ocala Star-Banner for coverage over the years of Judge Hodges and the Ocala Division of the U.S. District Court. Enclosed you will find information about a 1971 citizen legal challenge to the investiture of Judge Hodges, Jim Fair v. W.T. Hodges, et al., Petition No. 71-6883 to the U.S. Supreme Court. The case of Jim Fair came to my attention through Judge Hodges’ comments reported in the Ocala Star-Banner, Snipes' tax evasion trial stays in Ocala, by Rick Cundiff, Ocala Star-Banner, December 27, 2007. Earlier this year my Petition No. 12-7747 for writ of certiorari to the Supreme Court was denied February 19, 2013, and rehearing denied April 15, 2013. In May 2013 Diana R. Esposito, Florida Chief-Assistant Attorney General, provided me incriminating public records showing fraud or impairment of Petition No. 12-7747, a legitimate government activity, 18 U.S.C. § 371, etc. October 23, 2013 I made a new petition to the U.S. Supreme Court over a wrongful foreclosure of a Home Equity Conversion Mortgage, called a HECM “reverse” mortgage, the fraud and impairment of Petition No. 12-7747, and political persecution by The Florida Bar, Judge Hodges, and attorneys Ryan Christopher Rodems and Eugene P. Castagliuolo. This time I asked President Jimmy Carter for an observer, assistance from the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, and asked the Human Rights Committee to receive and consider communications in this matter under article 41, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR). My new petition does not yet appear on the Court’s online docket. Also enclosed is the Affidavit of Neil J Gillespie, I have a well-founded fear of political persecution, and the Affidavit of Neil J. Gillespie, fraud or impairment of Petition No. 12-7747, provided to Gabriela Knaul, Special Rapporteur, Independence of Judges and Lawyers, Geneva, and Shuaib Chalklen, Special Rapporteur on Disability, United Nations Enable, New York. Sincerely,
Neil J. Gillespie 8092 SW 115th Loop Ocala, Florida 34481 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Enclosures
John G. Roberts, Jr., Chief Justice of the United States,
was born in Buffalo, New York, January 27, 1955. He married Jane Marie Sullivan in 1996 and they have two children - Josephine and John. He received an A.B. from Harvard College in 1976 and a J.D. from Harvard Law School in 1979. He served as a law clerk for Judge Henry J. Friendly of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit from 1979–1980 and as a law clerk for then-Associate Justice William H. Rehnquist of the Supreme Court of the United States during the 1980 Term. He was Special Assistant to the Attorney General, U.S. Department of Justice from 1981–1982, Associate Counsel to President Ronald Reagan, White House Counsel’s Office from 1982–1986, and Principal Deputy Solicitor General, U.S. Department of Justice from 1989–1993. From 1986–1989 and 1993–2003, he practiced law in Washington, D.C. He was appointed to the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit in 2003. President George W. Bush nominated him as Chief Justice of the United States, and he took his seat September 29, 2005.
Antonin Scalia, Associate Justice,
was born in Trenton, New Jersey, March 11, 1936. He married Maureen McCarthy and has nine children - Ann Forrest, Eugene, John Francis, Catherine Elisabeth, Mary Clare, Paul David, Matthew, Christopher James, and Margaret Jane. He received his A.B. from Georgetown University and the University of Fribourg, Switzerland, and his LL.B. from Harvard Law School, and was a Sheldon Fellow of Harvard University from 1960–1961. He was in private practice in Cleveland, Ohio from 1961–1967, a Professor of Law at the University of Virginia from 1967–1971, and a Professor of Law at the University of Chicago from 1977–1982, and a Visiting Professor of Law at Georgetown University and Stanford University. He was chairman of the American Bar Association’s Section of Administrative Law, 1981–1982, and its Conference of Section Chairmen, 1982–1983. He served the federal government as General Counsel of the Office of Telecommunications Policy from 1971–1972, Chairman of the Administrative Conference of the United States from 1972–1974, and Assistant Attorney General for the Office of Legal Counsel from 1974–1977. He was appointed Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit in 1982. President Reagan nominated him as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court, and he took his seat September 26, 1986.
Anthony M. Kennedy, Associate Justice,
was born in Sacramento, California, July 23, 1936. He married Mary Davis and has three children. He received his B.A. from Stanford University and the London School of Economics, and his LL.B. from Harvard Law School. He was in private practice in San Francisco, California from 1961–1963, as well as in Sacramento, California from 1963–1975. From 1965 to 1988, he was a Professor of Constitutional Law at the McGeorge School of Law, University of the Pacific. He has served in numerous positions during his career, including a member of the California Army National Guard in 1961, the board of the Federal Judicial Center from 1987–1988, and two committees of the Judicial Conference of the United States: the Advisory Panel on Financial Disclosure Reports and Judicial Activities, subsequently renamed the Advisory Committee on Codes of Conduct, from 1979–1987, and the Committee on Pacific Territories from 1979–1990, which he chaired from 1982–1990. He was appointed to the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit in 1975. President Reagan nominated him as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court, and he took his seat February 18, 1988.
Clarence Thomas, Associate Justice,
was born in the Pin Point community of Georgia near Savannah June 23, 1948. He married Virginia Lamp in 1987 and has one child, Jamal Adeen, by a previous marriage. He attended Conception Seminary and received an A.B., cum laude, from Holy Cross College, and a J.D. from Yale Law School in 1974. He was admitted to law practice in Missouri in 1974, and served as an Assistant Attorney General of Missouri from 1974–1977, an attorney with the Monsanto Company from 1977–1979, and Legislative Assistant to Senator John Danforth from 1979–1981. From 1981–1982, he served as Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights, U.S. Department of Education, and as Chairman of the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission from 1982–1990. He became a Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit in 1990. President Bush nominated him as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court, and he took his seat October 23, 1991.
Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Associate Justice,
was born in Brooklyn, New York, March 15, 1933. She married Martin D. Ginsburg in 1954, and has a daughter, Jane, and a son, James. She received her B.A. from Cornell University, attended Harvard Law School, and received her LL.B. from Columbia Law School. She served as a law clerk to the Honorable Edmund L. Palmieri, Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York, from 1959–1961. From 1961–1963, she was a research associate and then associate director of the Columbia Law School Project on International Procedure. She was a Professor of Law at Rutgers University School of Law from 1963–1972, and Columbia Law School from 1972–1980, and a fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences in Stanford, California from 1977–1978. In 1971, she was instrumental in launching the Women’s Rights Project of the American Civil Liberties Union, and served as the ACLU’s General Counsel from 1973–1980, and on the National Board of Directors from 1974–1980. She was appointed a Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit in 1980. President Clinton nominated her as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court, and she took her seat August 10, 1993.
Stephen G. Breyer, Associate Justice,
was born in San Francisco, California, August 15, 1938. He married Joanna Hare in 1967, and has three children - Chloe, Nell, and Michael. He received an A.B. from Stanford University, a B.A. from Magdalen College, Oxford, and an LL.B. from Harvard Law School. He served as a law clerk to Justice Arthur Goldberg of the Supreme Court of the United States during the 1964 Term, as a Special Assistant to the Assistant U.S. Attorney General for Antitrust, 1965–1967, as an Assistant Special Prosecutor of the Watergate Special Prosecution Force, 1973, as Special Counsel of the U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee, 1974–1975, and as Chief Counsel of the committee, 1979–1980. He was an Assistant Professor, Professor of Law, and Lecturer at Harvard Law School, 1967–1994, a Professor at the Harvard University Kennedy School of Government, 1977–1980, and a Visiting Professor at the College of Law, Sydney, Australia and at the University of Rome. From 1980–1990, he served as a Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit, and as its Chief Judge, 1990–1994. He also served as a member of the Judicial Conference of the United States, 1990–1994, and of the United States Sentencing Commission, 1985–1989. President Clinton nominated him as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court, and he took his seat August 3, 1994.
Samuel Anthony Alito, Jr., Associate Justice,
was born in Trenton, New Jersey, April 1, 1950. He married Martha-Ann Bomgardner in 1985, and has two children - Philip and Laura. He served as a law clerk for Leonard I. Garth of the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit from 1976–1977. He was Assistant U.S. Attorney, District of New Jersey, 1977–1981, Assistant to the Solicitor General, U.S. Department of Justice, 1981–1985, Deputy Assistant Attorney General, U.S. Department of Justice, 1985–1987, and U.S. Attorney, District of New Jersey, 1987–1990. He was appointed to the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit in 1990. President George W. Bush nominated him as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court, and he took his seat January 31, 2006.
Sonia Sotomayor, Associate Justice,
was born in Bronx, New York, on June 25, 1954. She earned a B.A. in 1976 from Princeton University, graduating summa cum laude and receiving the university's highest academic honor. In 1979, she earned a J.D. from Yale Law School where she served as an editor of the Yale Law Journal. She served as Assistant District Attorney in the New York County District Attorney's Office from 1979–1984. She then litigated international commercial matters in New York City at Pavia & Harcourt, where she served as an associate and then partner from 1984–1992. In 1991, President George H.W. Bush nominated her to the U.S. District Court, Southern District of New York, and she served in that role from 1992–1998. She served as a judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit from 1998–2009. President Barack Obama nominated her as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court on May 26, 2009, and she assumed this role August 8, 2009.
Elena Kagan, Associate Justice,
was born in New York, New York, on April 28, 1960. She received an A.B. from Princeton in 1981, an M. Phil. from Oxford in 1983, and a J.D. from Harvard Law School in 1986. She clerked for Judge Abner Mikva of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit from 1986-1987 and for Justice Thurgood Marshall of the U.S. Supreme Court during the 1987 Term. After briefly practicing law at a Washington, D.C. law firm, she became a law professor, first at the University of Chicago Law School and later at Harvard Law School. She also served for four years in the Clinton Administration, as Associate Counsel to the President and then as Deputy Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy. Between 2003 and 2009, she served as the Dean of Harvard Law School. In 2009, President Obama nominated her as the Solicitor General of the United States. After serving in that role for a year, the President nominated her as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court on May 10, 2010. She took her seat on August 7, 2010.
Sandra Day O’Connor (Retired), Associate Justice,
was born in El Paso, Texas, March 26, 1930. She married John Jay O’Connor III in 1952 and has three sons - Scott, Brian, and Jay. She received her B.A. and LL.B. from Stanford University. She served as Deputy County Attorney of San Mateo County, California from 1952–1953 and as a civilian attorney for Quartermaster Market Center, Frankfurt, Germany from 1954–1957. From 1958–1960, she practiced law in Maryvale, Arizona, and served as Assistant Attorney General of Arizona from 1965–1969. She was appointed to the Arizona State Senate in1969 and was subsequently reelected to two two-year terms. In 1975 she was elected Judge of the Maricopa County Superior Court and served until 1979, when she was appointed to the Arizona Court of Appeals. President Reagan nominated her as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court, and she took her seat September 25, 1981. Justice O’Connor retired from the Supreme Court on January 31, 2006.
David H. Souter (Retired), Associate Justice,
was born in Melrose, Massachusetts, September 17, 1939. He graduated from Harvard College, from which he received his A.B. After two years as a Rhodes Scholar at Magdalen College, Oxford, he received an A.B. in Jurisprudence from Oxford University and an M.A. in 1989. After receiving an LL.B. from Harvard Law School, he was an associate at Orr and Reno in Concord, New Hampshire from 1966 to 1968, when he became an Assistant Attorney General of New Hampshire. In 1971, he became Deputy Attorney General and in 1976, Attorney General of New Hampshire. In 1978, he was named an Associate Justice of the Superior Court of New Hampshire, and was appointed to the Supreme Court of New Hampshire as an Associate Justice in 1983. He became a Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit on May 25, 1990. President Bush nominated him as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court, and he took his seat October 9, 1990. Justice Souter retired from the Supreme Court on June 29, 2009.
John Paul Stevens (Retired), Associate Justice,
was born in Chicago, Illinois, April 20, 1920. He married Maryan Mulholland, and has four children - John Joseph (deceased), Kathryn, Elizabeth Jane, and Susan Roberta. He received an A.B. from the University of Chicago, and a J.D. from Northwestern University School of Law. He served in the United States Navy from 1942–1945, and was a law clerk to Justice Wiley Rutledge of the Supreme Court of the United States during the 1947 Term. He was admitted to law practice in Illinois in 1949. He was Associate Counsel to the Subcommittee on the Study of Monopoly Power of the Judiciary Committee of the U.S. House of Representatives, 1951–1952, and a member of the Attorney General’s National Committee to Study Antitrust Law, 1953–1955. He was Second Vice President of the Chicago Bar Association in 1970. From 1970–1975, he served as a Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit. President Ford nominated him as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court, and he took his seat December 19, 1975. Justice Stevens retired from the Supreme Court on June 29, 2010.