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Horton Double Deck Floating Roof Designs

Red Book Number: 9105-5


Revised: 16/01/2002
Issuing Authority:
Ned A. Bacon/Plainfield/CBI
Maintenance & Review: Plainfield Plate Structures Engineering
0.1 Scope: This standard furnishes detail and dimensional requirements for Horton Double
Deck Floating Roofs up to and including 400'. The designs comply with API Standard 650
Appendix C.

A Horton Double Deck Floating Roof consists of two complete decks (top and bottom) joined by a
series of concentric rims forming buoyant annular bays. The outer annular bay is divided into
smaller compartments by radial bulkheads.
The Horton Double Deck Floating Roof is designed to float directly on the product, thus reducing
evaporation loss, corrosion, and fire hazard. The bottom deck is substantially flat when
constructed, but due to roof flexibility, a small amount of temperature generated condensable
vapor can be contained towards the center of the roof. Lower temperatures will condense the
vapor back to liquid. A seal is used to close the space between the floating roof and the shell.
API Standard 650 Appendix C requires all floatation compartments to be "liquid tight". This
means continuous welding on one side of outer bay radial bulkheads and all circumferential rims
to the top deck and "waterstop" welding where top deck lap joints cross bulkheads and rims is
required.
In this standard the diameter is the nominal tank diameter in ,which the roof will be installed.

1.1 Specification: API Standard 650, Appendix C "External Floating Roofs" and CBI
requirements. The designs in this standard generally meet the requirements of BS 2654.
See 3000-2-1Notes Link for specific differences.
1.2 Material: Designs are based on material with a minimum yield strength of 30 ksi.
1.3 Design Loads: The dead weight is the metal weight (theoretical) plus the weight of the
accessories.
a. Roof on Supports: Members and attachments are designed to support the dead weight
and a uniform live load of 25 psf.
b. Roof Floating: The roof is designed to float under following loading conditions:
25 psf uniform live load.
Loss of buoyancy as in 1.4.
Collection of water on top deck to elevation of emergency drains.
c.

The roof is designed to be air raised during construction.

1.4 Floatation of Roof on 0.7 Specific Gravity Liquid: Sufficient pontoon volume is
required to keep the roof floating with any two compartments punctured (a compartment is
identified as an outer bay compartment or any annular ring) with no water or live load.

1.5 Design Procedure: The designs in this standard have been developed using computer
program 50959A.
1.6 General Notes: Designs in this standard are based on 3/16" plate except where noted.
Consult Plainfield Plate Structures for special thicknesses or where corrosion allowance is
specified.
Consult Plainfield Plate Structures for roofs floating on liquids of specific gravity lower than
0.7.
1.7 Shrinkage Allowance: Provide sufficient deck material (to allow for weld shrinkage) by
calculating deck layout dimensions based on the following increase in theoretical deck radius:
Tank Diameter
100' - 150'
151' - 200'
201' - 250'
251' - 300'
301' - 350'
351' and over

Radius Increase
1/2"
3/4"
1"
1 1/2"
2"
2 1/2"

The radius shown on deck drawing shall include the above shrinkage allowance.
1.8 Deck Weld: The top and bottom deck plates are lapped 1" and welded with continuous
fillet welds on the top side. On the bottom side of the bottom deck, all seams within 1'-0 of
rims, bulkheads, supports and other rigid members are fillet welded 2"-10". See Figures
3.2b, 3.2c and 3.2d for other weld details, All overhead welding is to be done with E7018
electrode.
1.9 Rafter Design: The maximum spacing for all rafters except in the outer bay is 2 feet.
The bending stress in the rafters is calculated by using a 25 psf live load with an allowable
bending stress of 20 ksi. For the load condition for retention of water to top of emergency
drains, the allowable bending stress used is .75 Fy = 27 ksi (A36). For angle rafters, the
longer leg is vertical and perpendicular to the deck.
1.10 Deck Plate Layout: The usual maximum length of top and bottom deck plates is 24'-0.
For longer plates, consult with Construction-Assigned. The top and bottom deck layouts
should have a closing seam between the No. 2 and No. 3 rims as shown in Figure 1.10.

Figure 1.10 Typical Deck Layout

Figures 2.0a and 2.0b show typical views of Horton Double Deck Floating Roofs. Figure 2.0a is
typical of the center draining roof designs given in 3.1. A single slope roof is one in which the top
deck has a constant slope (minimum slope equals 1/4:12) from the outer rim to the center of the
roof. Tables 3.1b and 3.1c give designs for single slope roofs up to and including 190' diameter.
Figure 2.0b is a typical view of a reverse slope type roof. Designs for the reverse slope type roof
for diameters greater than 190' up to and including 400' are given in Table 3.2a. The reverse
slope roof has a top deck coned up in the center. This prevents the outer rim from becoming
extremely high, thus allowing the use of mechanical shoe seals on large diameter double deck
roofs.
For general section details, use Std Form Drawings 3225-1 through 3225-10.
Use Std Dwg 6B3 for miscellaneous roof welding details.

Figure 2.0a - Typical Single Slope Roofs

Figure 2.0b - Typical Reverse Slope Roof


2.1 Roof Supports: The Double Deck roof is furnished with adjustable roof supports. The
roof supports are to clear all fittings and rolling ladder runway angles by a minimum of 1'-0.
Roof supports shall clear moving parts of pipe drain by at least 24" and other parts of the pipe
drain by at least 12". 9108-6Notes Link gives sizes, design procedures, and permissible
loads for adjustable supports. The roof supports are located on Double Deck roofs so that
the sleeves are attached to either bulkheads or circumferential rims by means of vertical
shear plates. See Figure 3.2d. See Figures 2.0a and 2.0b for location of supports. See
Tables 3.1 b, 3.1c and 3.2a for the number of supports.
2.2 Drainage Systems: A closed drainage system is generally used as the primary drain to
remove water from the roof. Open drains can be used as the primary drain but do not meet
the intent of API Standard 650 Appendix C. Locate the primary drain at the center of the roof
for single slope roofs. For reverse slope roofs, locate primary drains 1'-4 inside of the low
rim. Locate one drain near the rolling ladder runway. See Figure 2.0b.

See 9202Notes Link for number and size of primary drains.


Emergency overflow drains (see 9202Notes Link) are also required.
2.3 Roof Manholes: For all center draining type roofs (see Figure 2.0a) provide 1-24"
diameter manhole through both decks near the center of the roof. Where the roof diameter
exceeds 250', provide an additional roof manhole for each shell manhole (maximum of 4) at
the periphery of the roof. When a pipe drain is used, furnish a 30" diameter manhole (40"
diameter for 6" pipe drain) in place of the 24" diameter manhole at the center to permit drain
removal.
For reverse slope roofs (see Figure 2.0b) provide a minimum of 2-24" diameter manholes
about 4'-0 from the low rim and oriented approximately diametrically opposite each other. It
is preferable to orient these manholes as close as possible on a radial line to the shell
manholes. When pipe drains are used, make one of these manholes 30" diameter (40"
diameter for 6" pipe drain) to permit drain removal. For roofs over 250' diameter provide one
additional roof manholes for each shell manhole (maximum of 2) at the periphery of the roof.
Locate these additional manholes perpendicular to the diametric line through the 2 manholes
which are near the low rim.
2.4 Deck Manholes: 20" diameter vented manholes are required to permit access into each
compartment of the Double Deck roof. Each manhole cover must be secured by a positive
hold-down device. See Std Dwg B13B. For the number of deck manholes, see Tables
3.1b, 3.1c and 3.2a. The top edge of each manhole neck should be at least 6" higher than
the maximum water level at the emergency drains.
2.5 Rim Vent: A 6" rim vent is required for each roof with a mechanical shoe type seal
where the bottom of the shoe seal extends into the product more than approximately 4". See
Std Dwg G6 for details. Locate the rim vent approximately 180 from the inlet line. Do not
furnish this vent on roofs with foam filled seals.
2.6 Gage Hatch: One 8" diameter gage hatch is supplied with each roof. See Std Form
Dwg 3200-R19. This gage hatch may be attached to a gage pipe as optional equipment
when specified by the Purchaser.
2.7 Gage Well: A gage well is furnished only when the Purchaser specifies an automatic
gage. Both automatic gage and gage well are optional.
2.8 Automatic Bleeder Vents: The automatic bleeder vent permits the release of air vapor
mixture from under the roof while the tank is being filled and the roof is resting on its
supports. The vent automatically closes after the roof floats. When the tank is emptied, the
vent opens before the roof lands. It is fully open when the roof is on its supports allowing air
to enter and preventing a vacuum from forming under the roof.
See 9208-4Notes Link for capacities of automatic bleeder vents. See Figures 2.0a and 2.0b
for locations of these vents. For reverse slope roofs, a minimum of 3 vents shall be installed.
All vents must clear fittings and the rolling ladder runway angle by a minimum of 1 '-0.
Pressure-Vacuum relief vents are strongly discouraged as a substitute for automatic
bleeder vents. Furnish these relief vents only when the purchaser insists and only after
providing the following reasons for concern.
1) Product vapor and residue collection on the vent pallet can restrict the relief vent from
opening or can change the opening pressure. Adhesion "sticking" of the pallet to the seat
can cause pressures far beyond design conditions. Failure of the vent to control vacuum

can cause significant roof damage during product withdrawal. Frequent maintenance of
the vent is essential, however, accepted health and safety practices prohibit or restrict
access to the floating roof while in service.
2) Gas pressure under a floating roof during initial filling operations must be controlled to
prevent the roof from lifting. Relief vent settings must therefore be set well below a
pressure equal to the average weight per unit area of the total floating roof structure.
During tank operation, temperature and barometric pressure changes can result in gas
formation under the floating roof. Gas formation occurs at pressures greater than the
vent set pressure and will result in emissions.
Design and sizing of pressure-vacuum relief vents may be made by the purchaser or by CBI
using purchaser supplied information. Refer to 9208-2Notes Link for contract conditions
and information required from the Customer. The minimum pressure relieving capacity
(set pressure plus accumulation pressure) must be developed at a pressure not exceeding a
pressure equivalent to the corroded average weight per unit area of the total floating roof
structure. The minimum external pressure (vacuum) relieving capacity (set pressure plus
accumulation pressure) must be developed at a pressure not exceeding the roof design live
load of 12.5 Ibs/ft2 (2.4 in H2O). Refer to 9208-2-5Notes Link for vent sizing.
As a minimum, API 2000 states the following rules for determining venting capacities:
For emptying a tank, sufficient venting area must be provided for 560 cu ft of free air per
hour for each 100 bbl per hour maximum emptying rate.
For filling a tank, sufficient venting area must be provided for 1200 cu ft of free air per
hour for each 100 bbl per hour maximum filling rate.
Specific maintenance instructions for pressure-vacuum relief vents must be provided in
the O&M manual. The set points of the vents must be confirmed by CBI at time of
installation. See 761-1-2Notes Link.
Provide a stilling well which reduces gas discharge velocity at the product surface to reduce
the likelihood of entrained liquid particles going through the vent. See Std. Dwgs 3200-G10
and 3200-G11.
2.9 Guide Device: A guide pole prevents the floating roof from rotating in the tank during
use and while resting on its supports. See 9201-6Notes Link for details.
2.10 Rolling Ladder and Rolling Ladder Runway: See 9203-3Notes Link. A rolling ladder
is used to provide access to the roof from the gager's platform. Furnish the deck runway for
the rolling ladder. See 9203-3Notes Link (6.1). Note: If the rolling ladder runway passes
over a change in slope of the top deck, Engineering-Assigned shall detail the runway angle
bend.
It is acceptable to omit the rolling ladder if the Purchaser specifies, but the floating roof
cannot be certified as meeting API Standard 650.
2.11 Seal Between Roof and Tank Shell: See 9204Notes Link.
Nominal rim space is 8". Standard roofs over 320' diameter require a 12" rim space.
However, if the tank height exceeds 56', tanks over 270' diameter will require a 12" rim
space, unless they are built on a ringwall foundation.
2.12 Shell Inlet Nozzles: Provide a 5' minimum inner extension.

2.13 Rims: See 9105-0-20Notes Link for rim plate configuration.


2.14 Reinforcing Bar: Reinforcing bars must penetrate the bulkheads and be welded in
accordance with Figure 3.2b. Welding around the end of the bar must be on the same side
of the bulkhead as the bulkhead to bottom deck weld.

The roof weights listed in the following tables are theoretical and include both decks, rafters,
rafter clips. bulkheads, rims, reinforcing bars, gager's platform, emergency drains and all items in
2.1 and 2.3 through 2.10. The weights do not include the seal or the primary drains. Weight
given is for the maximum diameter.
Nominal rim space is measured from the centerline of the shell plate to the outside of the outer
rim plate. This dimension is used for design and details of the floating roof. EngineeringAssigned will show the actual space dimension between the inside of the bottom shell ring and
the outside of the outer rim plate on the contract drawings. This dimension will be used by
Construction-Assigned.
Designs for both single and reverse slopes can accommodate up to 1/16" corrosion allowance on
the bottom deck and outer rim without any other detail changes.
English tables in this standard can be directly converted to metric using either 4.8 mm or 5.0 mm
plate.
3.1 Single Slope Roof Designs: Table 3.1b gives standard designs for single slope roofs
in tanks 50' diameter and less. Table 3.1c gives designs for single slope roofs in tanks over
50' through 190' diameter.
Table 3.1a - Code for Rafter Sections
Letter

Rafter Section

A
B
C
D
E
G

3 x 2 x 1/4
C4 x 5.4
C5 x 6.7
C6 x 8.2
C7 x 9.8
C8 x 11.5

Section Modulus Metric Equivalent


(in3)
Size
1.93
3.00
4.38
6.08
8.14

UPN 100
UPN 120
UPN 140
UPN 160
UPN 180

Table 3.1b - Requirements for Single Slope Double Deck Floating Roof <= 50' Dia
Tank Dia
(ft)
Over
Incl
25
25
30
30
35
35
40
40
45
45
50

No. of
Bulkheads
8
8
8
8
8
8

Rafters
No.
8
8
16
16
16

Supports
Size
A
B
B
C
D

No.
4
4
4
4
4
4

Radius
0.75R
0.70R
0.70R
0.65R
0.60R
0.60R

No. of
Manholes
Deck
Outer Bay Inner Bay
8
1
8
1
8
1
8
1
8
1
8
1

Figure 3.1b - Typical Section Through Single Slope Double Deck Floating Roof <= 50' Dia

Roof
Weight
(kips)
14.6
18.7
23.5
29.6
35.8
42.8

Table 3.1c - Requirements for Single Slope Double Deck Floating Roofs 50' < Dia <=
190'
Tank Dia
(ft)

No. of
Bulkheads

Outer
rim
height
(in)

Reinf
Bar
Size

Over

Incl

50

55

30

55

60

30

60

65

30

65

70

10

30

70

75

10

30

75

80

10

30

80

85

12

30

85

90

12

30

90

95

12

30

95

100

13

33

100

105

13

33

105

110

14

33

110

115

15

33

115

120

15

33

120

125

16

36

4 x 1/2

125

130

17

36

4 x 1/2

130

135

17

36

4 x 1/2

135

140

18

36

4 x 1/2

140

145

18

36

4 x 1/2

145

150

19

39

150

155

20

39

4 x 1/2

155

160

20

39

4 x 1/2

160

165

21

39

4 x 1/2

165

170

22

42

4 x 3/4

170

175

22

42

4 x 3/4

175

180

23

42

4 x 3/4

180

185

23

42

4x1

185

190

24

42

4x1

No. Rafters per Bay


Outer Bay to Inner Bay
Rafter Size
(See Table 3.1a for Code)
24
B
24
B
24
C
30
C
30
C
30
D
36
D
36
D
36
C
39
C
39
D
42
D
45
D
45
D
48
E
51
E
51
E
54
E
54
G
57
D
60
D
60
E
63
E
66
E
66
E
69
G
69
G
72
G

18
B
18
B
21
C
21
C
24
C
24
D
24
D
28
D
36
C
36
C
40
C
40
D
40
D
45
D
44
D
48
E
48
E
52
E
52
G
60
D
60
D
65
D
64
E
68
E
68
E
72
E
72
G
76
G

20
C
24
C
24
C
24
D
25
D
25
D
28
D
28
E
28
R
28
E
28
G
45
D
44
D
44
D
44
E
48
E
48
E
48
E
52
E
52
G

24
D
24
D
28
D
28
E
28
E
28
E
28
E
28
E
32
G

No. Supports per Bay


Outer Bay to Center Bay
No. Deck Manholes

Roof
Weight
(kips)

4
8
4
8
4
8
5
10
5
10
5
10
6
12
6
12
12
12
13
13
13
13
14
14
15
15
15
15
16
16
17
17
17
17
18
18
18
18
19
19
20
20
20
20
21
21
22
22
22
22
23
23
23
23
24
24

0
2
0
2
3
2
3
2
3
2
4
2
4
2
7
2
6
3
6
3
8
3
8
3
8
3
9
4
11
4
12
4
12
4
13
4
13
4
12
5
12
5
13
5
16
5
17
5
17
5
18
6
18
6
19
6

3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
4
2
4
2
4
2
4
2
5
2
5
2
7
2
7
2
7
2
7
2
7
2
9
3
11
4
11
4
11
4
12
4
12
4
12
4
12
4
13
4

51
56
68
80
90
102
115
129
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
6
2
6
2
7
2
7
2
7
2
7
2
7
2
7
2
8
2

143
158
173
191
207
224
247
269
287
308
332
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1

349
374
398
427
458
481
511
541
573

Figure 3.1c - Typical Section Through Single Slope Double Deck Floating Roof 50' < Dia.
<= 190'
3.2 Reverse Slope Roof Designs: Table 3.2a gives standard designs for reverse slope
roofs in tanks over 190' through 400' diameter.

Figure 3.2a - Typical Section Through Reverse Slope Double Deck Floating Roof 190' <
Dia <= 400'

Table 3.2a - Requirements for Reverse Slope Double Deck Floating Roofs 190' < Dia <=
400'
Tank Dia
(ft)

No. Out'r Low Out'r


of
rim Rim Rim NA
Bulk Ht
Ht Thk
Over Incl head (in) (in) (in)

NB

Reinf
Bar
Size

190 195

25

36

19

3/16

4x3/4

195 200

25

36

19

3/16

4x3/4

200 205

26

36

19

3/16

4x3/4

205 210

27

36

19

3/16

4x1

210 215

27

39

20

3/16

4x1

215 220

28

39

20

3/16

4x1

220 225

28

39

20

3/16

5X1

225 230

29

39

20

3/16

5X1

230 235

30

36

19

3/16

4X1

235 240

30

36

19

3/16

4X1

240 245

31

36

19

3/16

4X1

245 250

32

36

19

3/16

4X1

250 255

32

39

20

3/16

5X1

255 260

33

39

20

3/16

5X1

260 265

33

39

20

3/16

6X1

265 270

34

39

20

3/16

7X1

270 275

35

36

19

3/16

5X1

275 280

35

36

19

3/16

5X1

280 285

36

36

19

3/16

6X1

285 290

37

36

19

3/16

6X1

290 295

37

39

20

3/16

7X1

295 300

38

39

20

3/16

7X1

300 305

38

39

20

1/4

7X1

305 310

39

39

20

1/4

7X1

310 315

40

39

20

1/4

8x1

315 320

40

39

20

5/16

7X1

No. Rafters per Bay


Outer Bay to Inner Bay
Rafter Size

No. Supports per Bay


Outer Bay to Center Bay
No. Deck Manholes

Roof
Wt

(See Table 3.1a for Code)


75
E
75
E
78
E
81
E
81
E
84
G
84
G
87
G
90
E
90
E
93
E
96
E
96
E
99
G
99
G
102
G
105
E
105
E
108
E
111
E
111
G
114
G
114
G
117
G
120
G
120
G

80
E
84
E
84
E
88
E
88
E
92
G
92
G
96
G
100
E
104
E
104
E
108
E
108
E
112
G
112
G
116
G
120
E
124
E
124
E
128
E
128
E
132
G
132
G
136
G
136
G
140
G

65
E
64
E
64
E
68
E
68
E
68
E
72
G
72
G
80
E
84
E
84
E
88
E
88
E
92
E
92
G
92
G
100
E
104
E
104
E
108
E
108
E
112
G
112
G
112
G
116
G
116
G

45
D
44
E
48
E
48
E
48
E
48
E
52
E
52
E
65
E
64
E
64
E
68
E
68
E
68
E
72
G
72
G
84
E
84
E
84
E
88
E
88
E
88
E
92
G
92
G
92
G
96
G

28
D
28
E
28
E
28
E
28
E
28
E
28
E
28
E
44
D
44
E
48
E
48
E
48
E
48
E
48
E
52
E
64
E
64
E
68
E
68
E
68
E
68
E
72
E
72
G
72
G
72
G

28
D
28
E
28
E
28
E
28
E
28
E
28
E
28
E
44
E
48
E
48
E
48
E
48
E
48
E
48
E
52
E
52
E
52
G

kips

28
E
28
E
28
E
28
E
28
E
28
E
28
E
28
E
28
E
28
G

25
25
25
25
26
26
27
27
27
27
28
28
28
28
29
29
30
30
30
30
31
31
32
32
32
32
33
33
33
33
34
34
35
35
35
35
36
36
37
37
37
37
38
38
38
38
39
39
40
40
40
40

20
6
21
6
21
7
22
7
22
7
23
7
23
7
24
7
25
8
26
8
26
8
27
8
27
8
28
9
28
9
29
9
30
9
31
9
31
10
32
10
32
10
33
10
33
10
34
10
34
10
35
11

13
5
16
5
16
5
17
5
17
5
17
6
18
6
18
6
20
6
21
7
21
7
22
7
22
7
23
7
23
7
23
7
25
8
26
8
26
8
27
8
27
8
28
8
28
9
28
9
29
9
29
9

9
4
11
4
12
4
12
4
12
4
12
4
13
4
13
4
13
5
16
5
16
5
17
5
17
5
17
5
18
6
18
6
21
6
21
7
21
7
22
7
22
7
22
7
23
7
23
7
23
7
24
7

7
2
7
2
7
2
7
2
7
2
7
2
7
2
7
2
11
4
11
4
12
4
12
4
12
4
12
4
12
4
13
4
16
5
16
5
17
5
17
5
17
5
17
5
18
6
18
6
18
6
18
6

3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
7
2
7
2
7
2
7
2
7
2
7
2
7
2
7
2
11
4
12
4
12
4
12
4
12
4
12
4
12
4
13
4
13
4
13
4

586
615
645
677
710
748
788
821
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
7
2
7
2
7
2
7
2
7
2
7
2
7
2
7
2
7
2
7
2

843
879
914
952
995
1040
1087
1129
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1

1153
1193
1237
1280
1334
1386
1437
1488
1537
1591

Table 3.2a - Requirements for Reverse Slope Double Deck Floating Roofs 190' < Dia <=
400' (Continued)
Tank Dia
(ft)

No. Out'r Low Out'r


of
rim Rim Rim NA

NB

Bulk Ht
Over Incl head (in)

Ht

Thk

(in)

(in)

320 325

41

42

19

1/4

325 330

41

42

19

1/4

330 335

42

42

19

1/4

335 340

43

42

19.5

1/4

340 345

43

42

19

5/16

345 350

44

42

18.5 5/16

350 355

45

42

18.5

3/8

355 360

45

42

18

3/8

360 365

46

42

19

1/4

365 370

46

42

19

5/16

370 375

47

42

19

3/8

375 380

48

42

19.5

3/8

380 385

48

42

19

3/8

385 390

49

42

19

3/8

390 395

50

42

18.5

3/8

395 400

50

42

18.5

3/8

N Rein
f
Bar
Size

No. Rafters per Bay


Outer Bay to Inner Bay

No. Rafters per Bay


Outer Bay to Center Bay

Rafter Size

No. Deck Manholes

Roof
Wt

(See Table 3.1a for Code)


8 6 x 1 123
E
8 7 x 1 123
E
8 8 x 1 126
G
8 8 x 1 129
G
8 7 x 1 129
G
8 8 x 1 132
G
8 7 x 1 135
G
8 7 x 1 135
G
9 8 x 1 138
E
9 7 x 1 138
E
9 6 x 1 141
G
9 6 x 1 144
G
9 7 x 1 144
G
9 7 x 1 147
G
9 8 x 1 150
G
9 8 x 1 150
G

144
E
148
E
148
G
152
G
152
G
156
G
156
G
160
G
164
E
168
E
168
G
172
G
172
G
176
G
176
G
180
G

124
E
128
E
128
E
132
G
132
G
132
G
136
G
136
G
144
E
148
E
148
G
152
G
152
G
156
G
156
G
160
G

104
E
108
E
108
E
108
G
112
G
112
G
116
G
116
G
124
E
128
E
128
E
128
G
132
G
132
G
136
G
136
G

84
E
88
E
88
E
88
E
92
G
92
G
92
G
96
G
104
E
108
E
108
E
108
G
112
G
112
G
112
G
116
G

68
E
68
E
68
E
68
E
72
E
72
G
72
G
72
G
84
E
88
E
88
E
88
E
92
G
92
G
92
G
92
G

48
E
48
E
48
E
48
E
48
E
48
E
52
E
52
E
68
E
68
E
68
E
68
E
68
E
72
E
72
G
72
G

kips
28
E
28
E
28
E
28
E
28
E
28
E
28
E
28
E
48
E
48
E
48
E
48
E
48
E
48
E
52
E
52
E

41 36 31 26 21 17 12 7
41 11 10 8 7 5 4 2
414371321278227175124 7
1 1 0
2
424371321278227175124 7
2 1 0
2
434381331278227175124 7
3 1 0
2
434381331289237186124 7
3 2 0
2
444391331289237186124 7
4 2 0
2
454391341299237186134 7
5 2 0
2
454401341299247186134 7
5 2 1
2
28 464411361311268217175124
E 6 2 1 0
28 464421371321278227175124
E 6 3 1 0
28 474421371321278227175124
E 7 3 1 0
28 484431381321278 22 175124
E 8 3 1 0
7
28 484431381331289237176124
E 8 3 2 0
28 494441391331289237186124
E 9 3 2 0
28 505441391341289237186134
E 0 3 2 0
28 505451401341299237186134
E 0 4 2 0

3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
7
2
7
2
7
2
7
2
7
2
7
2
7
2
7
2

1618
1660
1729
1788
1847
1903
1962
2012
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1

2038
2099
2174
2238
2300
2360
2421
2479

Note: When laying the top deck, everywhere the plates cross the rafters, a 3/16" downhand
fillet weld across the width of the rafter flange shall be made. Where plate edges are
relatively parallel to rafters additional overhead welding (plate to rafter edge) may be required
to hold the plate down on rafters. Make waterstops where the top deck laps cross bulkheads
and rims. See Figure 3.2e.

Note: All welding on a bulkhead is to be done from one side, There must be a 1'-0 minimum
clearance between the bottom of the rafter and the bottom deck at the low side of the bay.

Figure 3.2b - Reinforcing Bar Details - Typical Weld Details

Figure 3.2c - Rafter and Clip Details

Figure 3.2d - Typical Support Sleeve to Roof

Figure 3.2e - Waterstop