# ﻿for 7 -9 year olds Maturing Mathematician BOOK 1

Kim Freeman

From the publisher - Mohobe Resources (NZ) Ltd

We hope you enjoy these sample pages from the Mighty Math series.

The actual eBook is 64 pages and can be purchased from our website www.mahobe.co.nz. from many other ebook websites or other book websites. It provides a structured, easy-to-follow series of fun activities to stimulate and challenge the maturing mathematician. The full book contains pages on methods of multiplication, number patterns, ordinals and counting up to 1000, adding and subtracting strategies, fractions and money calculations. Go hard, play fair and enjoy your mathematics!

Mighty Math, Maturing Mathematician Book 1, Sailing Into Mathematics Author, Kim Freeman

eBook Version First Published in 2007 by:

Mahobe Resources (NZ) Ltd P.O. Box 109-760 Newmarket, Auckland 1149 New Zealand.

www.mahobe.co.nz

© Mahobe Resources (NZ) Ltd. ISBN10: 1877216879 ISBN13: 9781877216879

for 7-9 year 0 ds Maturing Mathematician BOOK 1

Kim Freeman

Mighty Math, Maturing Mathematician Book 1, Sailing Into Mathematics Author, Kim Freeman

eBook Version First Published in 2007 by:

Mahobe Resources (NZ) Ltd P.O. Box 109-760 Newmarket, Auckland 1149 New Zealand.

www.mahobe.com

© Mahobe Resources (NZ) Ltd. ISBN10: 1877216879 ISBN13: 9781877216879

2

What is found in this book?

In this book you look at:

Methods of Multiplication, Addition and Subtraction.

5x4- = 20 halror~/ I

18

4-0 + 17

Fractions

Maturing Mathematician

50

8

8

x

7

56

=@]

Money

4

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The challenge of Sudoko is to fill the grid with numbers. The big grid has the dimensions 9 x 9. This is separated into 9 smaller boards of 3 x 3. Here are the rules:

1. You can only use the numbers 1 to 9.

2. Within each 3 x 3 grid you must place ALL the numbers from 1 - 9.

3. You cannot use the same number twice in any row or column.

This means ALL the numbers from 1 - 9 must appear on each row and each column.

Now complete the Sudoku challenge.

I 5 4- 6 8 2 q
7 8 I q 3 5
3 6 8 4- 7
3 7 8 6 5 2
5 2 4- I q 7 3 6
q 6 5 2 4- I
6 4- 5 q 7 I 2 3
8 2 4- 7
I 7 2 3 6 5 4- To multiply by 4 : Add the number 4 times.

or Double the number, then double again.

4-x/2

12 doubled is 24- 24- doubled is 4-8 :. 4- x/2 = 4-8

4-x3 -

4-x22 -

4-x7 -

4-x25 -

4-x32 -

4-x/3 -

4-x34- -

4-x/5 -

4-x4-7 -

4-x/8 -

4-x55 -

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Maturing Mathematician

To multiply by 5:

1. If the number is even, take half the number and put a zero after it.

5x4- = 20 halror~/ I

5x/6 = 80 hatror> I r

2. If the number is odd, subtract 1 from the number, halve it Then put a five after it.

5x7 = 35

7\1=6/

half of 6 = 3

5x/3 = 65

} - 1 = 12/

half of 12 = 6

Maturing Mathematician

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Even Numbers

Odd Numbers

5x6 -

5x8 -

5xll -

5x/4- -

5x/5 -

5x/8 -

5x/7 -

5x20 =

5xlQ -

5x22 -

5x21 -

5x26 - 5x23 -

5x28 - 5x25 -

5 X 30 - 5 X 31 -

We all carry a calculator around with us that is simple to use and easy to learn. We can all use our fingers to learn the multiplication tables for the hardest number combinations - 6, 7, 8, 9, and 10.

Step ONE: Remember these finger values.

6

7

8

q

Step TWO: Now try multiplying 8 x 7 =

8

x

7

10

Step THREE: Count the extended fingers - these are 10s

20 30 4-0

10

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13

50

Maturing Mathematician

Step FOUR: Multiply the folded fingers.

6

Step FIVE: Finally, add the two numbers together.

50 + 6 56

You have now found the answer. 8

x

7

56

7

x

q

20

4-0 50 30

10

60

7

x

q = 63

Maturing Mathematician

14

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Use your finger calculator to multiply the following.

7x7

6x8

8x7

6x/O

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Maturing Mathematician

Use your finger calculator to multiply the following.

7x8 qx8

8x8 qx7

Qx/O 8x/O 8xQ QxQ

7x/O Qx6

8x6 6xQ

6x6 7xQ

6x7 7x6

Multiplication by 9: Method 1

This method is called fingers multiplication by 9.

The previous finger multiplication works for combinations of 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10. This method only works for the 9 times tables.

Step ONE: Put your two hands on the table in front of you. Your fingers can each represent the numbers 1 to 10.

5 6

Step TWO: Try multiplying 9 x 3.

Curl under the finger representing 3.

2

3

Step THREE: The first digit in the answer is the number of fingers before the curled under finger.

The second digit in the answer is the number of fingers after the curled under finger.

q

x

3 = 27

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Maturing Mathematician

Fingers Multiplication by 9

Use the fingers method to calculate these 9 x multiplications.

q X 3= .

q X 8 = .

q X 5= .

q x7 = .

q x2= .

q X 10= .

Maturing Mathematician

q X q = .

q X 6= .

18

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Multiplication by 9: Method 2

This is called the one less = nine method.

Step ONE: Subtract 1 from the number you are multiplying 9 by.

This is the first digit.

Step TWO: The two digits that make up the answer add to give 9.

Calculate the second digit.

q X 4- = 36

j / \

4--/=3 3+6=q

Remember that these methods only work up until 9x10. Find a calculator and write out the 9 times table up to 30. Can you see a pattern emerging?

~~~~~~~

qx3=............... qx7 = .

q X 8 = .

q x2= .

q X 5= .

q X q= .

q X /0= .

q X 6= .

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19

Maturing Mathematician

Complete the tables.

-2 +2
31
4-1
51
61 -5 +5
22
32
4-2
52 -7 +7
15
25
35
4-5 Put the circled numbers above in order - smallest to biggest

® ® ® ® 0
+@ +@ +0 +0 +@
0 0 ~ EJ -.
Mahobe Resources (NZ) Ltd 21 Maturing Mathematician Use the diagrams to complete the sums.

roooooooooo, 16 + = .

0000000000

o

21 - = 16

25 - = 17

00000 00000

00000 00000

00000

17 + = .

000000000000 000000000000 000000000000 0000000000

......... + 5 = .

000000 000000 000000 000000 000000 000000 000000 000000 000000 000000

.......... - = 4-1

......... + 16 = .

Maturing Mathematician

22

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15 + =

.......... . .

27 - =

.......... . .

0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 000

, 000000000 -, 000000000 000000000 00000

+ 8 =

...............

- = 24-

tr<D5S

,,,,,,/,/,////////////////////////////fiW///A~///h.W ~ ~DI'V~ ~~~

~

~ 1. 5, 10, 15, ..... , 25 1. 100 - 78

~

~

~

~ 3. 8, 6, 4-, ..... , a 2. 100 - 4-

~

~

~

~ 4. I, 2, 4-, 8, ..... , 32

~

~

z

~ 5. 10, 20, 30, ..... 5. 100 - 58

~

~

~

~ 6. 3, 6, q, ..... , 15 7. 100 - ql

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Maturing Mathematician

0= 50 0= 30 0=

0+0+0= .

0+0-0= .

0-0+0= .

Circle 2 numbers that add up to 20

4- 17 I

6 3 10

{3 6 q 12 14- 15 J

20

18 /I 25

4-5 32

5

[13 22 12 2 15 q ] 20 5

4-4- /I 32

8 2 10

If 6 + 6 = 50

and 0 + 0 + 0 = 36 then 6 + 0 -

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Maturing Mathematician

The blocks shown are arranged in 3 different ways - in single units, in groups of ten and groups of one hundred.

I 9rouP of 100 un its (hunel reels)

D D D

\ ( D D D 6 sin~ie

126~

One hundred and twenty

2 0 4-~ -:

2 ~roup of 100 units 4- sin~ie units

Maturing Mathematician

2 9roups of 10 units (tens)

units (ones)

.

SIX

D D D D

zero 9roups of 10 units Two hund red and Four

26

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Write down the number that each picture represents.

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

o o

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

f-+-l-++++++-H 1111111111111111111111

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

0000 0000

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

000

000

o 000

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

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o 0

o 0

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

o 0 0 0 000

27

000 000 000

Maturing Mathematician

Write the number of objects in each place-value table .

...---- ...----r--"'...-----...----
;:::::::; - - !::::::::
= r-- --- i=-" --. ~ --.
= ~ --. -. --.
= '--::0 -- --.
= --- --- = = ~ ~
= - - '""-- --. ~ -
= - .--, -. --.
--- --- =--
p ~ ~ ;:== - - -
L--- L..---J L--- L..---J 0000000000 0000000000 0000000000 0000000000 0000000000 0000000000 0000000000 0000000000 0000000000 0000000000 0000000000 0000000000 0000000000 0000000000 0000000000 0000000000 0000000000 0000000000 0000000000 0000000000 0000000000 0000000000 0000000000 0000000000 0000000000 0000000000 0000000000 0000000000 0000000000 0000000000

00000000 0000000000

.A .A .A .A .A .1 ..4, .A
r r r r p ?crT '~rE ',r
k'::l ?S k'::l
r p p P 'r r '.l"
k'::l ?S k'::l r p y y s: s: '.l"
s: P ~ P x P ~ x» s: ~
;if ;if ;if ;if iF x» x: p ~ ~
~ ':E s ':E ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ r
x x 'X x 'X ~ ~ ~
~P~P~i.F~i!F ~ If
~ P~ P~i!F'~~ ~ !f"
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29

0000000000 0000000000 0000000000 0000000000 0000000000 0000000000 0000000000 0000000000 0000000000 0000000000

H T U

[ I I ]

.A .A ..4 .A .A .A .A .A .A .A
r rr rr rp x

r r r ?S k'::l ?S k":> y r ',t
k'::l ?S k'::l ?S k'::l ?S ~ y 'r

~ P ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ p ~ ~
~ p ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ;t
x: ':E x: ':E ~ ':E ~ ~ ~ ;t
x: x: x: x: x: x: ~ ~ ~ ~
~ P ~ P ~ P ~ P ~ '!It
~P~P~P~P~ r
~P~P~PXP'X ~ H T U

[ I I ]

Maturing Mathematician

Write the correct number.

® CD r:» CD CD I~I ®® (D(D

135

000 ( (D(D

~ ®o CDCD I~I CD CD

000 ( ® (D(D

.......................................................

000 ( ®® ~

000 (000 ( ®® L.lQ2j ®®®®

000 (000 ( ®® (D(D O"§o 1 ®®®®®

000 (000 ( GojOooj®® 000 (000 ( ®o ®o CDCD ~~( CD CD I~I L1Q£J ®® (D(D

Maturing Mathematician

®® 000 ( ® (D(D

000 ( ®

10 CD

30

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Write the number and the number word .

.. 3.4:2 ..

+hr.~~ ... h~r!~ r.~0. ... 0.y).0. .. fC?cf~ ... 1.01.0

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31

T

Maturing Mathematician

1000

Which numbers have been labelled?

20

c

1

e

10

10

I?! C?.r!.~ h.l:4.r!0. r..~ 0 0.Y!.0. ~.~~.t ~ fC?~r.. .

b

c

e

r

:3 h

I

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Maturing Mathematician

Write in the missing digits.

4-52 - 4- 0 0 + [IQJ + 0

34-8 - +[IJ + 0

601 - +[IJ + 0

704- - +[IJ + 0

Now, write in the missing numbers.

351 - + 50 + 1

---------------------

867 - +[IJ + 7

4-22 - 4-00 + [IJ +0

105 - +[IJ + 0

4-00 + 50 + 8 - 700 + 60 + 2 - qOO + 3 -

200 + 10 -

Maturing Mathematician

36

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Arithmetic is always easier when the sum is broken into smaller bits.

Which is easier to calculate? 26 +

!\

or 20+6

\

30

= 4-4-

18 =

G

10+8

1

+ 14-

Write in the missing numbers and find the answers.

18

+

65 + 26

r.

+

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8

=0

=0

4-7

r.

+ 25

+

26

r.

+ 54-

+

=0

=0

37

Maturing Mathematician

Arithmetic is easier when the sum is broken down into smaller bits.

73 7 = ~

73

3 70

4- 4-

66

Write in the missing numbers and find the answers.

65 q = 0

65 5 60 -0=

52 8 =0

52 2 50 -0

Maturing Mathematician

44

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Fraction Man is here to introduce ...

Write the fraction that is shaded.

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• •••

Maturing Mathematician

Shade the shape to show the fraction.

one hair

flue sixths

~----------------------------~

Maturing Mathematician

50

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2 0 I I 0 3
- - - -
4- 8 4- 8
............... ............... ............... ............... 3 I

...... ! 0 ? .

2 I

......... ~ .. 0 ? .

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4- 8

I 2

o

3 3

..... ? 0 4 .

51

Maturing Mathematician

Write what you think the number in each of the boxes would be.

10

o

80

60

0250

150

o 00500

Mark on the number line below where you think the following numbers would be: 5, 12,27, 33 and 39.

o

10

20

30

4-0

Maturing Mathematician

52

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HA\"f ~AY ~e:,~e:e:N
Write in the numbers that are halfway between.
I 0 5 3 0 q
10 0 50 30 0 qO
100 0 500 300 0 qOO
4- 0 10 I 0 7
4-0 0 100 10 0 70
4-00 0 1000 100 0 700 2 0 10 52 0 60 182 0 IQO

206 Q2 0 Q6

332 0 336

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Maturing Mathematician

"IVI~I~N~ ~e:,~e:e:N

Write the missing numbers on each number line.

a 0 100

o

~ I

o

I

D

I

30

I •

.7 0000000 ~~ OOOO~?

o

~ I

o

~ I

o

I

o

I

o

I

100

I •

.900000 i?

Maturing Mathematician

54

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Different countries have different types of coins. Here are the most popular. Draw a line to show each equivalent value.

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• •

• •

• •

• •

55

Maturing Mathematician

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+

+

57

Maturing Mathematician

Maturing Mathematician

58

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MATURING MATHEMATICIAN for 7 - 9 year olds

Book 1: Sailing Into Mathematics

Builds an awareness of numbers and number relationships. It covers methods of multiplication, number patterns, ordinals and counting up to 1000, adding and subtracting strategies, fractions and money calculations. By the end of this book children will have more confidence when manipulating larger numbers.

Book 2: Sailing On With Mathematics

Introduces more number sequences, arithmetic strategies, measurement and fractions. By the end of this book children will have gained confidence with arithmetic and will recognize the value of each digit that makes up a number.

Book 3: Sailing Away With Mathematics

Reinforces all the work covered in the previous two Maturing Mathematician books. There are more arithmetic strategies, more fractions and more measurement. By the end of this book children will be confident in their ability to manipulate numbers.

The MIGHTY MATH series is a structured, easy-to-follow series of fun activities designed to stimulate and challenge.

Beginner Mathematician (for 4 - 6 year olds), look for the RED books.

Developing Mathematician for (5 - 7 year olds), look for the YELLOW books.

Advancing Mathematician for (6 - 8 year olds), look for the BLUE books.

Maturing Mathematician for (7 - 9 year olds), look for the GREEN books.

Give your children a powerful head start at school. Make sure any Math book that you purchase has the Mighty Math logo and is published by: Mahobe Resources (NZ) Ltd.

ISBN 1-877216-87-9

Are you looking to give your child a powerful head start at school?

Introduce your child to mathematics with ~;th'V ~'h~. This is a structured, easy-to-follow series of fun activities designed to stimulate and challenge the advancing mathematician.

This book covers:

• methods of multiplication

• number patterns

• ordinals and counting up to 1000

• fractions

• money calculations

By the end of this book children will have a better awareness of numbers and number relationships and more confidence when manipulating larger numbers.

Choose ~;th~y ~~h~ and observe a marked improvement in your child's mathematical ability. Success and confidence in mathematics will lead to an increase in motivation and an enjoyment of learning.

~;th~y ~e~h~ reinforces the mathematics that children are studying at school. Study habits begin at home, complement school work and have an enormous impact on future academic achievement.

~;th'V ~'h~

Maturing Mathematician for 7 - 9 year olds

BOOK 1

9781877 216879