the heat calculation

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the heat calculation

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

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Job ID: Title: Tank coil design calculation 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Minimum ambient temp deg C 11 Temperature of Insulation surface 12 Product temperature deg C 13 Steam inlet temperature deg C 14 15 18 22.89468104 65 158 64.4 149 316.4 F F F 73.210426 F Roof surface area m2 = Roof surface area ft2 Shell Surface area m2 = Shell Surface area ft2 4680.97 50385.57 4359.16 46921.57 Tank dia m Tank height m Client : Item No: 74.5 20

Document No:

Rev.

1.43371 0.15 x

18 19 21 22 Steam pressure kg/cm2g 23 Steam pressure kg/cm2A 24 Steam saturation temperature

0.025 8.60226 22.89468104 4.8 5.833 315.00 1183.80 1183.80 284.80 899.00 5.28541 0.01760

82.964661 psia Deg F BTU/lb BTU/lb BTU/lb BTU/lb ft3/lb ft3/lb waspwin software waspwin software waspwin software waspwin software waspwin software

25 Enthalpy of superheated steam at supply conditions = 26 Enthalpy of saturated steam at supply pressure = 27 Enthalpy of saturated condensate at supply pressure = 28 Heat available per lb of steam = 29 Specific volume of superheated steam = 30 Specific volume of condensate = 31 32 33 CRUDE specific gravity 34 35 Heat loss from shell 36 hc = 0.3 Dt^0.25 37 delta t F 38 hc 39 Calculation of radiation coeff - hr

0.9

40 hr = 0.173 e [( T1abs/100)^4 - ( T2abs/100)^4]/(T1abs-T2abs) 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 Heat loss from roof 49 hc = 0.38 delta t^0.25 50 51 52 53 54 55 57 59

Date Date Sht 1 of 3

Roof Heat Loss Q = (hc+hr)ADt = Combined heat loss from shell and roof Qc = and to take care of wind effects.

1201956.053

BTU/hr

56 Add 20% for combined losses from appurtenences and tank bottom 58 Total Heat Loss = 1442347.263 BTU/hr

Page 1

Job ID: Title: Tank coil design calculation 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 11 12 Thermal calculations 13 14 Crude side convection coefficient 15 16 Neglecting metal tube resistance and neglecting steam superheat 17 Hot surface temperature Th = 18 Cold liquid temperature Tc = 19 Temperature Difference Dt = 20 Film temperature tf = 21 Pipe OD do = 22 For a 2" pipe area per ft length 23 24 VGO Properties at film temperature 25 26 Thermal Conductivity of VGO k = 27 VGO Density r = 28 acceleration of gravity g = 29 VGO Specific heat c = 30 Coeff. of thermal expansion b = approx 31 Viscosity m =( 12 centistokes x 0.84 ) = 32 33 hc= 116 (( k^3 r^2 c b / m) ( Dt/do))^0.25 = 34 35 Steam side heat transfer coefficient 36 37 38 No of pipes per tank Nt = 39 Assume each pipe length L = 40 Total condensate load W = 41 Condensate Loading G = W/(0.5 L Nt ) = 42 43 44 Condensate properties at condensing temperature 45 Viscosity m = 46 thermal conductivity k = 47 density r = 48 acceleration of gravity g = 49 50 51 52 Condensing film coeff 53 Pipe OD 54 Pipe ID 55 56

Date

Document No:

Rev.

Client : Item No: 1604.390727 727.7402576 8479.86642 357.3771185 2 178.6885593 0.053 0.002206183 22.49845139 m3/hr m m2 m/s lb/hr kg/hr ft3/hr m3/hr 0

Steam flow rate Steam required for maintaning tank temp Steam required for maitening tank temp Steam volume flow rate ( at inlets) Steam volume flow rate ( at inlets) Number of inlets Flow per pipe Pipe ID Pipe c/s area

F F F F inches ft2/ft

ft lb/hr lb/hr/ft

0.463 0.3973 57.619 416687846 1.51 ( 4 G / m ) ^ (-1/3) = ( m^2/(k^3 r^2 g) )^(1/3) = h= 0.291774432 0.000135193 2158.204 2.4 2.09 hio = h ( ID / OD ) 1879.43627

Date Sht 2 of 3

Page 2

Job ID: Title: Tank coil design calculation 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 11 12 Length of each pipe 13 No of pipes per tank 14 Total pipe length per tank 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 Total Heat Loss = 37 38 Steam required for maintaining tank temp 39 40 Total pipe length required 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50

Date

Document No:

Rev.

Client : Item No: 31.361 1879.43627 30.84641207 0.004 27.45843524 316.4360554 503.6236239 2 251.811812 76.75224029 2 153.5044806 m ft m Btu/hr/ft2/F ft2 ft Btu/hr/ft2/F Btu/hr/ft2/F Btu/hr/ft2/F 0

Overall Heat Transfer VGO side ho = Steam side hio = Clean coeff Uc = hio ho /( hio + ho ) = Fouling factor Rd = Dirty Coeff UD = ( Uc / Rd ) / ( Uc + 1/Rd ) Area A = Q/ ( UD Dt ) = Total pipe length per tank No of pipes per tank Nt =

Date Sht 3 of 3

Page 3

Job ID: Title: Tank coil design calculation 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Minimum ambient temp deg C 11 Temperature of Insulation surface 12 Product temperature deg C 13 Steam inlet temperature deg C 14 15 18 22.89468104 65 158 64.4 149 316.4 F F F 73.210426 F Roof surface area m2 = Roof surface area ft2 Shell Surface area m2 = Shell Surface area ft2 4680.97 50385.57 4359.16 46921.57 Tank dia m Tank height m Client : Item No: 74.5 20

Document No:

Rev.

1.43371 0.15 x

18 21 22 Steam pressure kg/cm2g 23 Steam pressure kg/cm2A 24 Steam saturation temperature

0.025 8.60226 22.89468104 4.8 5.833 315.00 1183.80 1183.80 284.80 899.00 5.28541 0.01760

45.72

82.964661 psia Deg F BTU/lb BTU/lb BTU/lb BTU/lb ft3/lb ft3/lb waspwin software waspwin software waspwin software waspwin software waspwin software

25 Enthalpy of superheated steam at supply conditions = 26 Enthalpy of saturated steam at supply pressure = 27 Enthalpy of saturated condensate at supply pressure = 28 Heat available per lb of steam = 29 Specific volume of superheated steam = 30 Specific volume of condensate = 31 32 33 CRUDE specific gravity 34 35 Heat loss from shell 36 hc = 0.3 Dt^0.25 37 delta t F 38 hc 39 Calculation of radiation coeff - hr

0.9

40 hr = 0.173 e [( T1abs/100)^4 - ( T2abs/100)^4]/(T1abs-T2abs) 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 Heat loss from roof 49 hc = 0.38 delta t^0.25 50 51 52 53 54 55 57 59

Date Date Sht 1 of 3

173.7435

Roof Heat Loss Q = (hc+hr)ADt = Combined heat loss from shell and roof Qc = and to take care of wind effects.

1201956.053

BTU/hr

56 Add 20% for combined losses from appurtenences and tank bottom 58 Total Heat Loss = 1442347.263 BTU/hr 422.6879

Page 4

Job ID: Title: Tank coil design calculation 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 11 12 Thermal calculations 13 14 Crude side convection coefficient 15 16 Neglecting metal tube resistance and neglecting steam superheat 17 Hot surface temperature Th = 18 Cold liquid temperature Tc = 19 Temperature Difference Dt = 20 Film temperature tf = 21 Pipe OD do = 22 For a 2" pipe area per ft length 23 24 VGO Properties at film temperature 25 26 Thermal Conductivity of VGO k = 27 VGO Density r = 28 acceleration of gravity g = 29 VGO Specific heat c = 30 Coeff. of thermal expansion b = approx 31 Viscosity m =( 12 centistokes x 0.84 ) = 32 33 hc= 116 (( k^3 r^2 c b / m) ( Dt/do))^0.25 = 34 35 Steam side heat transfer coefficient 36 37 38 No of pipes per tank Nt = 39 Assume each pipe length L = 40 Total condensate load W = 41 Condensate Loading G = W/(0.5 L Nt ) = 42 43 44 Condensate properties at condensing temperature 45 Viscosity m = 46 thermal conductivity k = 47 density r = 48 acceleration of gravity g = 49 50 51 52 Condensing film coeff 53 Pipe OD 54 Pipe ID 55 56

Date

Document No:

Rev.

Client : Item No: 1604.390727 727.7402576 8479.86642 357.3771185 2 178.6885593 0.053 0.002206183 22.49845139 m3/hr m m2 m/s lb/hr kg/hr ft3/hr m3/hr 0

Steam flow rate Steam required for maintaning tank temp Steam required for maitening tank temp Steam volume flow rate ( at inlets) Steam volume flow rate ( at inlets) Number of inlets Flow per pipe Pipe ID Pipe c/s area

F F F F inches ft2/ft

ft lb/hr lb/hr/ft

0.463 0.3973 57.619 416687846 1.51 ( 4 G / m ) ^ (-1/3) = ( m^2/(k^3 r^2 g) )^(1/3) = h= 0.291774432 0.000135193 2158.204 2.4 2.09 hio = h ( ID / OD ) 1879.43627

Date Sht 2 of 3

Page 5

Job ID: Title: Tank coil design calculation 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 11 12 Length of each pipe 13 No of pipes per tank 14 Total pipe length per tank 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 Total Heat Loss = 37 38 Steam required for maintaining tank temp 39 40 Total pipe length required 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50

Date

Document No:

Rev.

Client : Item No: 31.361 1879.43627 30.84641207 0.004 27.45843524 316.4360554 503.6236239 2 251.811812 76.75224029 2 153.5044806 m ft m Btu/hr/ft2/F ft2 ft Btu/hr/ft2/F Btu/hr/ft2/F Btu/hr/ft2/F 0

Overall Heat Transfer VGO side ho = Steam side hio = Clean coeff Uc = hio ho /( hio + ho ) = Fouling factor Rd = Dirty Coeff UD = ( Uc / Rd ) / ( Uc + 1/Rd ) Area A = Q/ ( UD Dt ) = Total pipe length per tank No of pipes per tank Nt =

Date Sht 3 of 3

Page 6

mm

kW

W/m2K kW

kW

Page 7

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