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cs s ; lff ; k;
mjj ; paha ,y.
I II III IV V VI VII VIII IX X XI XII XIII XIV XV XVI XVII XVIII XIX XX XXI XXII XXIII XXI V XXV XXVI XXVII XXVIII XXIX XXX XXXI XXXII XXXIII

jiygG ;

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2. 3. 4.

mj;jpahak; I
nghJ
1. Nfhly;f ; s; nghUs; Nfhly

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mj;jpahak; I

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mj;jpahak; I

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Nru;ej ; my;yJ

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mj;jpahak; I

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(M)gjtpnahd;W my;yJ cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; rk;ge;jkhfntdpd; ,jdhy; fUjg;gLtJ Fwpj;j gjtp my;yJ cj;jpNahfj;ju; cupj;jhfpd;w jpizf;fsj;Jf;Fg; nghWg;ghd mikr;rpd; nrayhsuhthu;. (,) mikr;rpd; fPo; tifg;gLj;jg;glhj jpizf;fsnkhd;W rk;ge;jkhdtplj;J> NtW tpjj;jpy; tpjpjJ ; iuf;fg;gl;bUe;jhnyhopa ,jdhy; fUjg;gLtJ chpa jpizf;fsj;jpd; jiytuhthu;. gjtpepiy cj;jpNahfj;ju;" vd;Dk; NghJ jdJ Mz;Lr; rk;gsj;jpd; Muk;g rk;gsj;ij Mz;nlhd;Wf;F &gh:13>800/- nfhz;l my;yJ mjw;Ff; $LjyhdJk;> jdJ Mz;Lf;fhd rk;gs Vw;wkhdJ &gh: 400/- my;yJ mjw;Ff; $LjyhdJkhd cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtuhthu;. gjtpnahd;W my;yJ cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; rk;ge;jkhf "epiy" vd;Dk; NghJ me;jg; gjtp my;yJ cj;jpNahfj;ju; mkakh> jw;fhypfkh> epue;jukh my;yJ Xa;T+jpak; cupj;Jldh vd;gjidf; Fwpf;Fk;. fw;if kw;Wk; gapw;rp" vd;Dk; gjj;Jf;F Gyikg;guprpy;> cah; Gyikg;guprpy; fy;tpr; Rw;Wyh> mtjhdpg;Gr; Rw;Wyh> Rw;Wyhf; nfhilfs;> ; fUj;juq;Ffs; my;yJ gapw;rpfs; cs;slf;fg;gl;l mj;Jld; / my;yJ cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtupd; jifikfs;> mwpT my;yJ mDgtj;ij tpUj;jp nra;J nfhs;tjw;fhd NtW mj;jifa ve;jnthU nfhilfSk;; cs;slf;fg;gLk;. cgepiy cj;jpNahfj;ju;" vd;Dk; NghJ gjtpepiy cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtuy;yhjtUk; jdJ Mz;Lr; rk;gsj;jpy; Muk;g rk;gskhf 7>740/- &ghTf;Ff; Fiwahj rk;gsj;ijf; nfhz;ltUkhd cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtuhthu;. ,lkhw;wk;" vd;Dk; NghJ rk;gsj;jpy; khw;wk; nra;ag;glhJ cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtiug; gjtpnahd;wpypUe;J NtW gjtpnahd;Wf;F mDg;Gjy; my;yJ xNu mikr;rpd; my;yJ jpizf;fsj;jpd; xNu Nritapd; my;yJ juj;jpd; Xhplj;jpypUe;J NtNwhhplj;Jf;F mDg;gp itj;jyhFk;.

mj;jpahak; I

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2. jhgd tpjpfN ; fhitf;fpaYk; jpUj;jq;fs;


2:1 jhgd tpjpf;Nfhitf;fpaYk; njhlupyf;fq;fs; ,lg;gLtNjhL> mit mikr;rpd; nrayhsupdhy; ntspaplg;gLk; jpUj;jg; gj;jpuq;fs; ahtw;wpw;Fk;; nghJ epUthfj;Jf;Fg; nghWg;ghd chpa nrhw;nwhlh; my;yJ jpUj;jj;jpidf; Fwpf;Fk; xOq;fpy; jpUj;j ,lhg;gpy; ,izf;fl;by; ,izj;jy;

2.2 mt;thtz jpUj;jikTfs; fpilf;fg;ngw;wJk;> gphptpy; ik nfhz;L jpUj;jj;jpidr; nra;Jk; ,yf;fj;jpid mjd; Xuj;jpy; Fwpj;J Kiwahd njhlu; vOjpAk;> mjid jpUj;j ,lhg;Gld; gphpepiyj;jhs; Ntz;Lk;.

2.3 Mtz jpUj;jikTfs; ntspaplg;gl;ltplj;J mJ Vw;Gila ,lj;jpy; ,izf;fg;gl;L mJ gw;wpa Fwpg;nghd;W Mtz jpUj;jikTg; gl;baypy; vOjp itf;fg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. gioa gf;fq;fis ePff ; p> gpd;du; mwpe;J nfhs;tjw;F Njitg;gLkplj;J ghuf;f ,aYkhdthW gpupepiy jhs;fspy; Nru;ff ; g;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 2.4 NtWtifapy; Fwpf;fg;gl;bUe;jhyd;wp jpUj;jq;fs;> mtw;wpy; Fwpj;jthW> mit toq;fg;gl;l NjjpapypUe;J eilKiw tYTilajhFk;. 2.5 jpizf;fsnkhd;wpd; my;yJ cg mYtyfnkhd;wpd; jiythpdhy;> mt;tYtyfj;Js; gzpGhpfpd;wth;fSf;F tpepNahfpf;fg;gLk; jhgdf;Nfhitg; gpujpfspd; tpguq;fisf; fhl;Lk; nghUl; gjpNtl;bidg; NgZk; nghWg;GilatUk; jhgd tpjpf;Nfhitf;Fr; nra;ag;gLfpd;w jpUj;jq;fs; midj;ijAk; cl;GFj;jpf; ,w;iwg;gLj;Jk; Mw;wy; cilatUkhd cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtiu epakpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.

3. tpepNahfk;
3:1 jkJ mYtyfj;jpw;F fpilf;fg;ngw;Ws;s jhgd tpjpf;Nfhitfs; gfph;ej ; spf;fg;gLfpd;w tpjk; Fwpj;j gjpnthd;iw jpizf;fsnkhd;wpd; my;yJ cg mYtyfnkhd;wpd; jiyth; itj;jpUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 3:2 Nkyjpf gpujpfs; Ntz;lg;gLkplj;J> murhq;f mj;jpal;rfhplkpUe;J nfhs;tdT nra;jy; Ntz;Lk;. ntspaPlL ; g; gzpafj;jpd;

4. mjpfhuq;fis gpuNahfpjj ; y;
4:1 jhgdg; gzpg;ghshpdhy; gpuNahfpf;fg;glf;$ba mj;jifa VNjDk; mjpfhunkhd;iwg; gpuNahfpg;gjw;Fk; jhgdg; gzpg;ghshpdhy; toq;fg;glf;$ba VNjDnkhU mq;ff P huj;jpid toq;Ftjw;Fk; nghJ epUthf mikr;rpd; nrayhsUf;F ,aYk;.

mj;jpahak; II
Ml;Nru;gG ; j; jpl;lq;fSk; epakpg;GfSk;
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 10. 11. 11. 12. 12. 13. 13. 14. 14. 15. 15. 16. 16. 17. 17. nghJ Ml;Nru;gG ; j; jpl;lk; ntw;wplq;fis tpsk;gug;gLj;Jjy; epakpg;Gj; jj;Jtk; epakpg;Gfs;> gjtp cau;Tfs; nra;tjw;fhd eilKiwfs epakpg;Gfs;> gjtp cau;Tfs; rhu;ghf G+u;jj ; p nra;ag;gl Ntz;ba Kd; epge;jidfs; mur Nrit epakpg;G rhu; jifikapd; jifikapd;ikfs; kfs; epakpg;Gf; fbjk; kPsg; gzpf;fku;jJ ; jy; epakpg;Gf;fspd; NghJ gpd;gw;wg;gl Ntz;ba eilKiw jFjp$u; epiy epakpg;Gfs;rhu; hu; gpw nghJ epge;jidfs; gjpy; epakpg;G KJ Kiw tpidj;jpwikfhz; jil jpizf;fsg; guPli ; rfs; Kd;dhs; gilr; NritahsnuhUtUf;fhd rYiffs;

mj;jpahak; II
Ml;Nru;gG ; j; jpl;lq;fSk; epakpg;GfSk;
1. nghJ
1:1 murhq;f Nritf;F cj;jpNahfj;ju;fis epakpf;Fk; murpayikg;gpd; fPo; mikr;ruitf;Ff; ifaspf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. mjpfhuk;

1:2 mq;ff P upf;fg;gl;l gjtpazpapy; cs;s gjtpnahd;wpw;F khj;jpuNk xU epakpg;ig my;yJ gjtp cau;itr; nra;aKbAk;> Gjpa gjtpfis cUthf;FtJ my;yJ gjtpazpia mjpfupg;gJ nghJj; jpiwNrupapd; tuT nryTj; jpl;lg; gzpg;ghsupd; gzpahtNjhL> ,jw;fhfg; gpd;gw;wg;gl Ntz;ba eilKiw mtuhy; tpjpf;fg;gLk;. 1:2:1 fl;lzk; %yk; Cjpak; toq;fg;gLfpd;w gpwg;G> ,wg;G> tpthfg; gjpthsu;fs;; jtph;ej ; vtiuAk;> rk;ge;jg;gl;l mikr;rpd; nrayhsupd; mq;ff P huk; ,y;yhky; rk;gsk; toq;fg;glhj mbg;gilapy; murhq;f Nritapy; Ntiyf;fku;jj ; y; $lhJ. 1:3 gjtpfisj; jug;gLj;jYk;> mtw;wpd; gjtpfSf;fhd ngau;fis toq;fYk;> mur Nritapy; jw;NghJ eilKiwapYs;s Ntjd mikg;gpy; mlq;Fk; tifapyhd Ntjd msTj; jpl;lq;fisAk;> $yp my;yJ rk;gsj; njhiffis jPhk ; hdpj;jYk;> gbfs;>fl;lzq;fs; kw;Wk; Vida midj;J $yp tPjq;fisj; jPhk ; hdpj;jYk; kw;Wk; Nrit njhlh;ghd nghJ epge;jidfs; kw;Wk; tpjpKiwfis tpjpj;jYk; jhgdg; gzpg;ghshpd; njhopw;ghLfshFnkd;gNjhL mj;jifa tplaq;fs; gw;wpj; jPuk ; hdpg;gjw;Fj; jhgdg; gzpg;ghshpd;; mjpfhuj;ijg; ngWjYk; Ntz;Lk;. Gjpa gjtpnahd;W cUthf;fg;gLk; NghJ mur Nritapy; jw;NghJs;s Ntjd mikg;Gf;Fs;NsNa fhzg;gLfpd;w Ntjd msTj; jpl;lnkhd;wpid mg; gjtpf;F tpjpf;f Kbahkw;Nghdhy; nghJj; jpiwNrupapd; tuT nryTj;jpl;lg; gzpg;ghsh; jhgdg; gzpg;ghshpd; crhTjiy Nkw;nfhz;L mj;jifa gjtpf;F Gjpa Ntjd msTj; jpl;lnkhd;iw Vw;gLj;Jjy; Ntz;Lk;. 1:3:1 tuT nryTj; jpl;lg; gzpg;ghsUf;F mDg;gp itf;fg;gLfpd;w VNjDnkhU Gjpa Kd;nkhoptpy; (ep.gp.71 Ig; ghh;ff ; Tk;)1.3 Mk; gphptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s tplaq;fs; njhlh;ghf VNjDk; khw;wnkhd;W cs;slf;fg;gl;bUg;gpd; mk; Kd;nkhoptpy; jhgdg; gzpg;ghshpd; tplag;gug;gpw;Fhpa tplaq;fs; njhlh;ghf mDkjpiaf; Nfhhp gpujpnahd;W mtUf;F mDg;gp itf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. xU gjtpapd; gjtpg; ngau; mq;ff P upf;fg;gl;l Ml;Nru;gG ; j; jpl;lj;jpy; 1:4 fhl;lg;gl;Ls;sthNw ,Uj;jy; Ntz;Lnkd;gNjhL> mJ mt;thNw tUlhe;j kjpg;gL P fspYk; tpz;zg;gq;fisf; Nfhhp gpuRhpf;fg;gLfpd;w mwptpj;jypYk;> epakpg;Gf; fbjj;jpYk; ,Uj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. jhgdg; gzpg;ghshpdJk; tuT nryTj; jpll ; g; gzpg;ghsupdJk; mq;ff P huj;ijg; ngwhky; mg; gjtpg; ngau; khw;wg;glf;$lhJ. 1:5 epakpg;G mjpfhuk; ifaspf;fg;gl;Ls;s mjpfhupnahUtu; jkf;F me;j mjpfhuj;jpidf; ifaspj;j mjpfhupapd; mwpTWj;Jiufis vg;nghOJk; gpd;gw;w Ntz;Lnkd;gNjhL> mt;tjpfhuq;fisg;; gpuNahfpg;gjpy; mth; mt;tjpfhhpf;F Neubahfg; nghWg;Gf; $WjYk; Ntz;Lk;. 1:6 2:2 ,ypUe;J 2:5 tiuAs;s gpupTfspy; mq;ff P upf;fg;gl;l Ml;Nru;g;Gj; jpl;lj;Jf;F mikthfNt Nkw;nfhs;sg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sthW rfy epakpg;Gf;fSk;

1:7 mtru epiyiknahd;wpd; fhuzkhf jw;fhypfg; gjtpnahd;wpw;F my;yJ epue;jug; gjtpnahd;wpw;F mka mbg;gilapy; vtNuDnkhUtiu epakpg;Gr; nra;jy;. (IVMk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; 3Mk; gphptpidg; ghh;ff ; Tk;) my;yJ VNjDnkhU gjtpia
8

mj;jpahak; II

epue;jukhf tfpf;fpd;w mYtyh; Nritf;F tUif juhikapdhy; mg;gjtpf;fhd flikfis Mw;Wtjw;fhf gjpyhs; xUtiu epakpg;Gr; nr;ajy; my;yJ Njitg;gLkplj;J mjw;fhff; fUj;jpy; nfhs;sg;gl Ntz;baJ mq;ff P hpf;fg;gl;l Ml;Nrh;gG ; j; jpl;lj;jpd; fPo; mg;gjtpf;F jifik ngw;Ws;s MnshUth; khj;jpuNkahthh;. 1:8 gjtpAah;it <l;bf; nfhs;s Ntz;baJ jpUg;jpahd elj;ijAld; $bajhf jpUg;jpfukhd Kiwapy; gzpahw;Wtjd; %yKk; Ml;Nrh;g;Gj; jpl;lj;jpy; tpjpf;fg;gl;Ls;sthW tpidj;jpwd; fhz; jilg; guPli ; rnahd;wpNyh my;yJ jFjp$u; guPli ; rnahd;wpNyh NjWjy;> tpjpf;fg;gl;l fy;tp> njhopy; my;yJ njhopEl;gj; jifikfisg; ngWjy; my;yJ Ntjd msTj; jpl;lj;jpy; tpjpf;fg;gl;Ls;s epiyia miljy; Nghd;w midj;J epge;jidfisAk; epiwT nra;J nfhs;tjD}lhfNtahFk;. 1:9 1:10 Mk; cl;gpupTf;F mikTilajhfp epakpg;Gf; fbjj;jpy; Fwpf;fg;gl;Ls;s Njjp my;yJ Gjpa gjtpapd; flikfis cj;jpNahfj;ju; Vw;Wf;nfhz;l Njjp Mfpa ,uz;by; vJ gpe;jpaNjh mJNt xU epakpg;G my;yJ gjtp cau;T eilKiwf;F tUfpdw ; NjjpahFk;. Mdhy;> ve;jr; re;ju;g;gj;jpYk; mj;Njjp> mg;gjtp cUthf;fg;gl;l Njjpf;F my;yJ mg;gjtpapy; ntw;wplk; Vw;gl;l Njjpf;F Ke;jpajhf ,Uf;ff; $lhJ. (6:1 Mk; cl;gpupitg; ghu;ff ; Tk;.) 1:10 epakpg;Gr; nra;Ak; mjpfhup vf;fhuzk; nfhz;Lk; jhgdg; gzpg;ghshpd; mjpfhuj;ijg; ngwhky;> epakpg;ig Kd; jpfjpaplf; $lhJ. 1:10:1 epakpg;nghd;wpid Kw;wpfjpapl Ntz;ba fhuzk; vitNaDkpUg;gpd; epakpg;Gr; nra;Ak; mjpfhup mf; fhuzq;fisAk; Fwpj;J mj;jifa Nfhhpf;ifapid chpa mikr;rpd; nrayhsupD}lhf jhgdg;gzpg;ghsUf;F rku;g;gpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. mj;jifa Nfhhpf;ifAld;; gpd;tUk; epge;jidfSk; G+u;jj ; p nra;ag;gl;bUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 1:10:2 epakdj;jpfjpia Kd;dplf; Nfl;Fk; ntw;wplk; epue;jukhf ,Ue;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk;. jpfjpapypUe;J mg;gjtp;

vLj;Jf; Jf;fhl; hl;L : cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; Xa;ntLf;fKd;G yPtpy; nrd;wpUe;jhy; mtu; cz;ikahfNt Xa;ntLj;Jr; nry;Yk; jpfjp tiuf;Fk; mg;gjtpapy; ntw;wplk; Vw;gl;ljhff; nfhs;s KbahJ. 1:10:3 epakpg;ig Kw;Njjpapl Ntz;lg;gLk; jpfjpapy; me;j cj;jpNahfj;ju; mg;gjtpapd; Ml;Nru;gG ; j; jpl;lj;jpw;fika me; epakdj;jpw;fhd midj;J jifikfisAk; ngw;wpUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 1:10:4 ,jw;fhf epakpg;Gr; nra;Ak; mjpfhupapdhy; Kiwahf tpepNahfpf;fg;gl;l fbjnkhd;wpd; %yk; gjpy; flikahw;Wk; epakdnkhd;W toq;fg;gl;l cj;jpNahfj;juhdtu; nrhy;yg;gl;l Kd;ida jpfjpapypUe;J chpa gjtpapd; rfy flikfisAk; njhlu;rr ; pahf Mw;wp te;jpUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 1:10:5 Ml;Nru;gG ; eilKiwapy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s Ml;Nru;gG ; j; Kiwik" f;fika epue;ju epakpg;Gf;fhf njupT nra;ag;gl;bUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 1:11 gpd;tUk; re;ju;gg ; q;fspy; vf;fhuzk; nfhz;Lk; Kw;Njjpaplg;glyhfhJ.

1:11:1 mj;jifa Kw;Njjpaply; fhuzkhf chpa cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F> gjtpf;F my;yJ juj;jpw;F mtUf;F Kd;dh; epakdk; ngw;w cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtiutpl Nrit %g;Gg; ngwf;$ba epiy chpj;jhFnkdpd;> my;yJ mg; gjtpf;F Nju;en ; jLf;fg;gl;l NghJ toq;fg;gl;l Nrit%g;G Kiwapy; VNjDk; khw;wnkhd;W Vw;gLnkdpd; 1:11:2 epue;ju kPjhapd;. epakdk; toq;fg;gl;lJ Nghl;bg; guPli ; rg; ngWNgw;wpd;

mj;jpahak; II

1:12 Nritnahd;wpy; mt;tt; tFg;Gf;fs; my;yJ juq;fspilNa epiyahd tpfpjhrhuk; epyTk; tpjj;jpy; xU tFg;gpypUe;J NtW tFg;nghd;Wf;F my;yJ xU juj;jpypUe;J NtW junkhd;Wf;Fr; nra;ag;gLk; gjtp cau;Tfisg; nghWj;jkl;by; mg;gjtp cau;Tfs;> me;jr; Nritapid fl;Lg;gLj;Jfpd;w Nrit gpukhzf; Fwpg;gpd; my;yJ Ml;Nru;gG ; my;yJ gjtp cau;T jpl;lj;jpd; Vw;ghLfSf;fikthf> ntw;wplk; Vw;gl;l jpfjpapypUe;J eilKiwf;F tuyhk;. vdpDk; ntw;wplk; xd;wpid cldbahf epug;Gk; nghUl;L gjtp cau;T mspg;gjw;Fg; nghUj;jkhd cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; ,y;iynadg; gjtp cau;T nra;Ak; mjpfhup fUJkplj;J mtu; gpd;dh; jd;dhy; tpjpf;fg;gLk; Njjpnahd;wpypUe;J mYtyh; xUtiug; gjtp cah;jJ ; tjd; %yk; mt;ntw;wplk; epug;gg;gly; Ntz;Lnkdg; gzpf;fyhk;. mt;thW gjtp cau;T ngw;w cj;jpNahfj;ju; jdJ Gjpa epakpg;gpd; Ntjdj;ij me;jj; jpfjpapypUe;J khj;jpuNk ngw;Wf; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. 1:13 gjtp cau;itg; ngWk; cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; murhq;f Nritf;Fg; Gwk;ghd NtW gjtpnahd;wpy; flikahw;Wtjw;fhf jw;fhypfkhf tpLtpf;fg;gl;Ls;sik fhuzkhf mtUf;Fg; Gjpa flikfis Vw;f KbahjpUg;gpd; mg;gjtp cau;T eilKiwf;F tUk; jpfjp jhgdg; gzpg;ghshpdhy; jPuk ; hdpf;fg;gLk;. 1:14 gjtp cWjpg;ghL> gjtp cau;T my;yJ / kw;Wk; tpidj; jpwd;jil Nghd;w Nehf;fnkhd;wpw;fhf cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; guPli ; rapy; rpj;jpaile;Js;stplj;J mth;; mg;guPli ; rapy; rpj;jpnaa;jpa jpfjpahf eilKiwf;F tuNtz;baJ mt;Tj;jpNahfj;ju; ,j; Njitiag; G+u;jj ; p nra;fpd;w guPli ; r Muk;gpf;fpd;w jpfjpahFk;. MapDk; cupa jpfjpad;wpy; ,g; guPli ; ria elhj;j Kbahkw; Nghdhy; nghJthf guPli ; r elhj;jg;gl Ntz;bapUe;j jpfjpAk; guPli ; r elhj;jg;gLfpd;wik jhkjpj;jikf;fhd fhuzKk; ftdj;jpw; nfhs;sg;gl;L guPli ; r rpj;jpaile;jik eilKiwf;F tuNtz;ba jpfjp jhgdg; gzpg;ghshpdhy; jPuk ; hdpf;fg;gLk;.

2. Ml;Nru;gG ; j; jpl;lk;
2:1 murhq;f Nritapd; gjtp xt;nthd;Wf;Fk;> mj;jifa gjtpnahd;W VNjDk; juj;jpw;F my;yJ Nritf;F chpj;jhdjhf ,Uf;Fkhapd; mt;n ; tht;nt ; hU juj;Jf;Fk; my;yJ Nritf;Fk; gjtpf;fhd rk;gs msTj; jpl;lk;> Njitahd jifikfs;> tanjy;iyfs; mj;Jld; chpa gpw tpguq;fs; jpl;ltl;lkhf cs;slf;fg;gl;L rk;ge;jg;gl;l jpizf;fsj;jpdhy; Ml;Nru;gG ; j; jpl;lk; tiuag;gl;L 2:2 ,y; ,Ue;J 2:5 tiuapyhd gpupTfSf;fikthf mq;fPfhuk; ngwg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 2:1:1 murhq;f Nritapd; gjtpnahd;W rhu;gpy; Vw;fdNt mq;ff P upf;fg;gl;Ls;s Ml;Nru;gG ; j; jpl;lk; vjpu;fhyj;jpy; nra;ag;glf;$ba jpUj;jq;fSf;F cl;gl;L njhlu;eJ ; k; tYtpUf;Fk;. 2:1:2 Ml;Nru;gG ; f;fhd tiu jpl;lk; gbtj;jpy; jahupf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;.
T T T

Mk;

gpd;dpizg;gpy;

jug;gl;Ls;s

2:1:3 xU Fwpg;gpl;l Nritf;Fupa Ml;Nru;gG ; j; jpl;lk; me;jr; Nritf;Fupa Nritg; gpukhzf; Fwpg;gpy; cs;slf;fg;glyhnkd;gNjhL> ,e;j Nritg; gpukhzf; Fwpg;ghdJ mikr;ruitapd; mjpfhuj;jpd; fPo; ntspaplg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. cjhuzkhf ,yq;if epUthf Nritg; gpukhzf; Fwpg;G. 2:2 Ml;Nru;gG ; tiu jpl;lk; midj;Jk; rk;ge;jg;gl;l mikr;rpd; nrayhsupdhy; %d;W gpujpfspy; jhgdg;gzpg;ghsUf;F mDg;gp itf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 2:3 nrayhsUlDk; crhTjy; Nkw;nfhz;L nra;af;$ba jpUj;jq;fSf;F mikthf mj;jpl;lk; jhgdg; gzpg;ghshpdhy; mq;ff P upf;fg;gLk;.

10

mj;jpahak; II

2:4 rk;ge;jg;gl;l mikr;rpd; nrayhsUf;Fk; jhgdg; gzpg;ghsUf;Fk; ,ilapy; fUj;J Ntw;Wik ,Ue;jhy; mt;tplak; jpl;lj;jpid jahupj;j mikr;rpd; nrayhsupdhy; mikr;ruitf;F tpjpg;nghd;Wf;fhfr; rku;gg ; pf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. Ml;Nru;gG ; j; jpl;lj;jpy; ngupa khw;wnkhd;iwr; nra;tjw;F Kd;nkhopag;gl;Ls;s re;ju;gg ; j;jpy; cj;Njr khw;wj;Jf;F jhk; cld;gl;lhYk; $l ,e;jj; jpl;lj;ij mq;ff P huj;Jf;fhf mikr;ruitf;Fr; rku;g;gpg;gjw;F jhgdg; gzpg;ghsu; nrayhsUf;F Kd;nkhopthh;. 2:5 rk;ge;jg;gl;l nrayhsUf;Fk; jhgdg; gzpg;ghsUf;Fkpilapy; rpw;rpy jpUj;jq;fs; gw;wp cld;ghL Vw;gl;bUg;gpd; my;yJ rpw;rpy jpUj;jq;fis Nkw;nfhs;SkhW mikr;ruit fl;lisapl;bUg;gpd; mj;jifa jpUj;jq;fs; Ml;Nrh;gG ; j; jpl;lj;jpDs; cl;Nru;ff ; g;gl;L mt;thl;Nru;gG ; j; jpl;lj;jpd; ,Wjp mq;ff P huj;jpl;lk; jpizf;fsj; jiytupdhy; rhd;WWjpg;gLj;jg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 2:6 rhd;WWjpg;gLj;jg;gl;l Ml;Nru;gG ; j; jpl;lj;jpd; gzpg;ghsUf;F mDg;gp itf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. gpujpfs; ,uz;L jhgdg;

2:7 Ml;Nrh;gG ; j; jpl;lnkhd;wpy; tpjpf;fg;gl;Ls;s jifikfis cilatu;fs; VNjDnkhU re;jh;gg ; j;jpy; gw;whf;Fiwahf cs;sik Nghd;w jw;fhypfkhf gpur;rpidfisj; jPhf ; f ; pd;w xU topahf Ml;Nru;g;Gj; jpl;lj;jpy; khw;wk; nra;ag;glyhfhJ. mj;jifa re;ju;gg ; q;fspy; Fwpj;j jifikfs; mw;w cj;jpNahfj;jh;fis Ml;Nrh;gG ; r; nra;tjw;fhf Ml;Nru;gG ; j; jpl;lj;jpypUe;J NtWgl;Lr; nry;tjw;fhfr; rk;ge;jg;gl;l mikr;rpd; nrayhsu; jhgdg; gzpg;ghshpd; rk;kjj;ijg; ngw Ntz;Lk;. 2:7:1 mt;thW mq;ff P upf;fg;gl;l jpl;lj;jpypUe;J NtWgl;Lr; nry;Yk; nrad;Kiwnahd;iwg; gpd;gw;w tpUk;Gfpd;w NghJ mr; nrad;KiwiaAk; fhuzq;fisAk; Fwpg;ghfj; njhptpj;J> mq;ff P upf;fg;gl;l jpll ; j;jpYs;s Fwpg;igAk; Nkw;Nfhs; fhl;b mjw;fhd mDkjpiaf; NfhUfpd;w tpz;zg;gnkhd;iwr; rkh;gg ; pj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 2:8 mofpaw;fiy> ,yf;fpak; kw;Wk; tpisahl;Lj;Jiw Mfpa Jiwfspd; gjtpfs; Nghd;w tpNrl gjtp tifnahd;W rk;ge;jkhf Ml;Nru;g;Gj; jpl;lnkhd;W ,y;yhj NghjpYk;> MapDk; jhgdg; gzpg;ghshpd;; Kd;dq;ff P huj;Jld; ,j;jifa Jiwnahd;wpy; tpNrl epGzj;JtKila Ml;fspypUe;J njhpe;njLj;J epakdnkhd;iwr; nra;ayhk;. vdpDk; ,j;jifa epakdnkhd;W xg;ge;j mbg;gilapyhjy; NtzLnkd;gNjhL mt;thW epakpf;fg;gLk; Ms; epue;ju epiyf;F cupj;Jilatuhfhu;. 2:9 mq;ff P upf;fg;gl;l Ml;Nru;g;Gj; jpl;lj;jpy; khw;wQ; nra;a Ntz;ba Njit Vw;gbd;> rk;ge;jg;gl;l mikr;rpd; nrayhsupdhy; jhgdg; gzpg;ghsUf;F tpz;zg;gk; xd;W mDg;gp itf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. jpUj;jq;fs; gw;wpa Fwpj;j ml;ltiznahdwpy;; jpUj;jg;gl;l Ml;Nru;gG ; tiu jpl;lnkhd;whFk;. ; 2:9:1 jpUj;jk; nra;ag;gl Ntz;ba eilKiwapy; cs;s gFjpAk;> cj;Njr jpUj;jKk; jpUj;jj;jpw;fhd fhuzq;fSk; epuy;fspd; fPo; jpUj;jk; njhlh;ghd ml;ltizapy; cl;Nrh;ff ; g;gl;y; Ntz;Lk;. ge;jp ,yf;fk; jw;NghJs;s thpir> cj;Njrj; jpUj;jq;fs;> fhuzq;fs; 2:9:2 jpUj;jg;gl;l Ml;Nru;gG ; tiu jpl;lj;jpy; cj;Njrpf;fg;gl;l jpUj;jq;fis cs;slf;fp mtw;wpd; fPo; rpte;j ikapdhy; Nfhbl;L ,Uj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 2:10 jpUj;jQ; nra;ag;gl;l mj;jifa Ml;Nru;g;G jpl;lq;fs; njhlh;ghf 2:4 kw;Wk; 2:6 gpupTfspy; cs;s Vw;ghLfs; nghUe;Jk;. 2:11 VNjDk; gjtpnahd;Wf;Fupajhf jhgdg; gzpg;ghsUld; gpd;du; nra;ag;gLfpd;w vy;yh fbjj; njhlu;GfspYk; ,Wjpahf mq;ff P upf;fg;gl;l Ml;Nru;gG ; j; jpl;lj;jpd; gpujpnahd;Wk; mDg;gp itf;fg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;.

11

mj;jpahak; II

3. ntw;wplq;fis tpsk;gug;gLj;Jjy; 3:1 ,q;F fPof ; ; Fwpg;gplg;gLk; re;ju;gg ; q;fs; jtpu mur Nritapy; cs;s rfy ntw;wplq;fSf;Fk; epakpg;Gr; nra;Ak; mjpfhupapdhy; mq;ff P upf;fg;gl;l Ml;Nru;gG ; j; jpl;lj;Jf;fika gfpuq;f tpsk;gug;gLj;jy; %yk; tpz;zg;gq;fs; Nfhug;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. (3 Mk; gpd;dpizg;igg; ghu;ff ; Tk;) 3:1:1 mikr;ruitapdhy; Neubahfr; nra;ag;gLk; epakpg;Gfs; Ntz;bajpy;iynad

3:1:2 mt;thW gfpuq;f tpsk;gug;gLj;jy; mikr;ruitapdhy; fl;lis tpLtpf;fg;gLk; re;ju;gg ; j;jpy;

3:1:3 Ml;Nru;gg ; hdJ gfpuq;f tpsk;gug;gLj;jy; %yk; nra;ag;gl Ntz;ba mtrpakpy;iynad 1978.09.06 Mk; jpfjpad;iwf;F Vw;ghLfs; nra;ag;gl;bUe;j re;ju;gg ; q;fspy;. 3:1:4 gjpy; epakdnkhd;W nra;ag;gLk; NghJ>

3:2 xU jpizf;fsj;jpDs;Ns my;yJ xU NritapDs;Ns nra;ag;gLk; gjtpAau;T tplaq;fspy; my;yJ Fwpj;j tpNrl jifikfisf; nfhz;Ls;s Ml;fspd; vz;zpf;if Fiwthf cs;sjd; fhuzkhf tpsk;guQ; nra;a Ntz;ba mtrpakpy;iynad epakpg;Gr; nra;Ak; mjpfhupapdhy; jPuk ; hdpf;fg;gLk; tpNrl re;ju;gg ; q;fspy; tpsk;guQ; nra;a Ntz;ba mtrpakpy;iy. 3:3 mt;thW gfpuq;f tpsk;guk; nra;ag;gl;l gjtpfSf;fhd tpz;zg;gq;fs; fpilj;jtplj;J Ml;Nru;gG ; j; jpl;lj;jpy; Fwpj;Jiuf;fg;gl;l jifikfs; tpz;zg;gjhuUf;F ,Uf;fpd;wdth vd;gJ gw;wp Muha;tjw;nfd vy;yh tpz;zg;gq;fSk; guprPyid nra;ag;gl;L ml;ltizg;gLj;jg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. ,J nra;ag;glNtz;baJ epakpg;G nra;Ak; mjpfhupapd; mYtyfj;jpyhFk;. MapDk; Ml;Nru;gg ; hdJ guPli ; rapd; %yk; nra;ag;gLk; re;ju;g;gq;fspy; epakpg;Gr; nra;Ak; mjpfhupapdhy; me;jg; guPli ; r gw;wp tpsk;gug;gLj;j Ntz;Lnkd;gNjhL> ,e;jg; guPli ; rahdJ guPli ; r Mizahshpdhy; elhj;jg;gl Ntz;Lkhapd; ,e;j tpz;zg;gq;fisg; nghWg;Ngw;wy;> guprPyid nra;jy; ml;ltizg; gLj;jy; vd;gd guPli ; r Mizahshpdhy; nra;ag;gLk;.

4. epakpgG ; j; jj;Jtk;
4:1 epakpg;Gf;fisr; nra;tjw;fhd jj;Jtk; mikr;ruitaplk; xJf;fg;gl;Ls;sNjhL> mikr;nrhd;wpd; Nkyjpfr; nrayhsu; xUth;> jpizf;fsj; jiytu; xUth;> murhq;f mjpgu; xUth; kw;Wk; rpNul;l cjtpr; nrayhsu; xUth; rk;ge;jkhf mikr;ruitahdJ ,e;jj; jj;Jtj;ij NeubahfNt gpuNahfpf;Fk;. 4:2 Vida vy;yh tiffisAk; rhh;ej ; mur cj;jpNahfj;ju;fis epakdQ; nra;Ak; mjpfhukhdJ mikr;ruitapdhy; murhq;f Nritfs; MizFOTf;Ff; ifaspf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. 4:2:1 ,q;F fPof ; ; Fwpg;gplg;gLk; cj;jpNahfj;ju;fs; jtpu mur Nritapd; gjtpepiy juq;fisr; Nru;ej ; Vida vy;yh cj;jpNahfj;ju;fisAk; epakdk; nra;Ak; mjpfhuk; murhq;f Nritfs; Mizf;FOtpdhy; mikr;Rf;fspd; nrayhsh;fSf;Ff; ifaspf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. (m) ,ize;j Nritnahd;iwr; rhuhj> fzf;fha;Tj; jpizf;fs> Nju;jy;fs;; jpizf;fs gjtpepiy cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; rk;ge;jkhf epakpg;G nra;Ak; mjpfhup rdhjpgjpapd; nrayhsuhthh;. (M) mikr;nrhd;wpd; fPo; ,y;yhj mj;Jld; ,ize;j Nritnahd;iwr; rhuhj gjtpepiy cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUth; rk;ge;jkhf epakpg;Gr; nra;Ak; mjpfhup jpizf;fsj; jiytuhthu;.

12

mj;jpahak; II

4:2:2 ,ize;j Nritnahd;iwr; rhh;ej ; gjtpepiy cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; rk;ge;jkhf epakpg;Gr; nra;Ak; mjpfhup nghJ epUthf mikr;rpd; nrayhsuhthu;. 4:3 cg gpupT 4:2:1 ,y; cs;slf;fg;glhj epakpg;G nra;Ak; mjpfhukhdJ murhq;f Nritfs; Mizf;FOtpdhy; jpizf;fsj; jiytu;fSf;F/mjpfhuk; ifaspf;fg;gl;Ls;s mur cj;jpNahfj;ju;fSf;F ifaspf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,ize;j Nritnahd;Wf;Fhpa epakpg;Gr; nra;Ak; mjpfhuk; ,ize;j Nritfs; gzpg;ghsUf;F ifaspf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.

5. epakpgG ; fs;> gjtp gjtp cau;Tfs; nra;tjw;fhd eilKiwfs;


5:1 Nkw;Fwpj;j 4:1 Mk; gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s gjtpfs; njhlu;gpy;

5:1:1 ,e;jg; gjtp xd;wpy; mj;jifa gjtp ntw;wplnkhd;W Vw;glg;NghtJ njupe;jTlNdNa ,d;Nwy; mj;jifa gjtpnahd;W Gjpjhf cUthf;fg;gl;lTlNdNa nrayhsu; rk;ge;jg;gl;l mikr;r&lhf ,aYkhd re;ju;gg ; q;fspy; ghpe;Jiu rfpjk; mikr;ruitf;F mwptpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 5:1:2 epakpg;Gr; nra;tjw;nfd ghpe;Jiu nra;ag;gLfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;ju; ,ize;j Nritnahd;iwr; Nru;ej ; xUtuhapd; chpa mikr;Rf;Fg; nghWg;ghd mikr;rUld; crhTjiy Nkw;nfhz;L nghJ epUthf mikr;rupdhy; mj;jifa mwptpg;G nra;ag;gLk;. 5:1:3 epakpg;Gr; nra;tjw;nfd ghpe;Jiu nra;ag;gl;l cj;jpNahfj;ju; NtNwhu; mikr;rpidr; Nru;ej ; mur cj;jpNahfj;juha; ,Ug;gpd;> rk;ge;jg;gl;l mikr;ru; mt;Tj;jpNahfj;ju; Nrit nra;Ak; mikr;Rf;Fg; nghWg;ghfTs;s mikr;rUld; crhTjy; nra;jjd; gpd;dNu jdJ ghpe;Jiuia toq;Fjy; Ntz;Lk;. 5:2 4:2:1 Mk; gpuptpdpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s gjtpfs; njhlu;gpy;>

5:2:1 gjtpepiyj; juj;jpYs;s gjtpnahd;wpy; ntw;wplnkhd;W Vw;glg;Nghfpd;wnjdj; njupate;jTlNdNah my;yJ mj;jifa Gjpa gjtpnahd;W cUthf;fg;gl;lTlNdNah mg; gjtpia cldbahf epug;g jhd; ghpe;Jiu nra;fpd;Nwdh ,y;iyah? vdf; Fwpg;gpl;L mJ njhlh;ghf jpizf;fsj; jiytu; epakpg;G mjpfhhpf;Fj; njuptpjj ; y; Ntz;Lk;. mt;ntw;wplj;ij cldbahf epug;Gtjw;Fj; jpizf;fsj; jiytu; ghpe;Jiuf;fhtpbd;> mtu; mjw;fhd fhuzq;fisAk; njhptpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 5:2:2 mj;jpizf;fsj; jiytu; mt;ntw;wplj;ij epug;Gtjw;Fg; ghpe;Jiu nra;thuhapd;>; mq;ff P upf;fg;gl;l Ml;Nru;g;Gj; jpl;lj;ijAk; mq;ff P upf;fg;gl;l Ml;Nru;gG ; j; jpl;lj;jpd; epajpfspd;gb jahhpf;fg;gl;l mwptpj;jy; tiunghd;NwhL rkh;gg ; pj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 5:2:3 epakpg;Gr; nra;Ak; mjpfhup me;j mwptpj;jiy murhq;f tuj;jkhdpapy; gpuRupf;fr; nra;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 5:2:4 epakpg;Gr; nra;Ak; mjpfhup tpz;zg;gq;fisf; ifNaw;W xt;nthU tpz;zg;gg; gbtj;ijAk; ghprPypj;Jg; ghh;jJ ; tpz;zg;gjhuupd; jFjpfisr; rupghu;jJ ; tpz;zg;gq;fis ml;ltizg;gLj;jp> Ml;Nru;g;Gj; jpl;lj;jpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sgb njupTr;rignahd;wpid mikg;gjw;fhd xOq;Ffis Nkw;nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. 5:2:5 epakpg;Gr; nra;Ak; mjpfhup Ml;Nru;gG ; j; jpl;lj;jpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sthW ve;jnthU njupTr; rignahd;iwAk; epakpf;ff; $Lk;. 5:2:6 mj;jifa njupTr; rignahd;W nghJthf jiytu; cl;gl mur cj;jpNahfj;ju;fshd cWg;gpdu;fs; Itiu cs;slf;fpajhf ,Uj;jy;

13

mj;jpahak; II

Ntz;Lk;. mq;ff P upf;fg;gl;l Ml;Nru;gG ; j; jpl;lj;jpy; NtW tpjj;jpy; tpjpjJ ; iuf;fg;gl;bUe;jhNynahopa mj;jifa rignahd;wpd; cWg;gpdu;fspy; Fiwe;jJ xUtuhtJ mg;gjtp ntw;wplk; cs;s mikr;R my;yJ jpizf;fsk; jtpu;ej ; > NtNwhh; mikr;rpd; my;yJ jpizf;fsj;jpd; cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtuhapUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 5:2:7 njupTr; rigapd; ghpe;Jiufs;; fpilf;fg;ngw;wTld; epakpg;Gr; nra;Ak; mjpfhupapdhy; epakpg;Gf;fs; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLk;. rk;ge;jg;gl;l

5:3 guPli ; rnahd;W KbTw;wJk; epakpg;Gr; nra;Ak; mjpfhup njupTr; rigapdhy; Ntl;ghsu;fs; guPlr ; pf;fg;gLtjw;fhd Vw;ghLfis Nkw;nfhs;thh;. Ntl;ghsu;fspdhy; vOj;Jg; guPli ; rapy; ngwg;gLk; Gs;spfs; njupTr; rigf;F nfhLf;fg;glf; $lhjpUg;gpDk;> Ml;Nru;gG ; j; jpl;lj;jpy; NtW tpjj;jpy; Vw;ghL nra;ag;glhjpUe;jhy;> ,e;jr; rigiaf; nfhz;L guPlr ; pf;fg;gLtjw;F tpz;zg;gjhuu;fs; tiuaWf;fg;gl;l vz;zpf;ifapdiu mtu;fs; vOj;J%yg; guPli ; rapy; ngw;Wf; nfhz;l Gs;spfspd; mbg;gilapy; njupT nra;tjw;F epakpg;Gr; nra;Ak; mjpfhupf;F ,aYk;. 5:3:1 njupTr; rigapd; ghpe;Jiu fpilf;fg; ngw;wJk; epakpg;Gr; nra;Ak; mjpfhup ghPlr ; hHj;jpfs; vOj;Jg; guPli ; rapYk; Neu;Kfg; guPli ; rapYk; ngw;w Gs;spfSf;fika jpwik mbg;gilapy; xOq;F thpirg;gLj;jpf; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. 5:3:2 5:4 ,jd; gpd;du; epakpg;Gr; nra;Ak; mjpfhup epakpg;Gf;fisr; nra;thu;.

4:3 Mk; gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s gjtpfs; njhlu;gpy;

5:4:1 epakpg;Gr; nra;Ak; mjpfhup mj;jifa ntw;wplq;fis epug;Gtjw;F mq;ff P upf;fg;ngw;w Ml;Nru;g;Gj; jpl;lj;jpd; epajpfspd;gb eltbf;if vLg;ghu;. 5:4:2 epakpg;Gr; nra;Ak; mjpfhup NjitNaw;gbd;> ntw;wplq;fis tpsk;guQ; nra;J tpz;zg;gq;fisg; ngWthu;. mjd; gpd;G tpz;zg;gjhuh;fspd; jifikfisr; rupghu;jJ ; > tpz;zg;gq;fis ml;ltizg;gLj;jp> mtuhy; epakdQ; nra;ag;gl;l njupTr; rignahd;wpdhy; guPlr ; pf;fg;gLtjw;fhd xOq;Ffisr; nra;thu;. rpwpa vz;zpf;ifapyhd ntw;wplq;fSf;F ngupastpy; tpz;zg;gpf;fg;gl;Ls;stplj;J> mt;ntz;zpf;ifahdJ 25Ij; jhz;Lfpd;w re;ju;gg ; q;fspy; xt;nthU ntw;wplj;Jf;Fk; Ie;J Ngu;fs; vd;Dk; tpfpjhrhuj;Jf;fika Nfhug;gLfpd;w vz;zpf;ifia kl;Lg;gLj;Jtjw;F epakpg;Gr; nra;Ak; mjpfhupf;F KbAkhapDk;> gjtpAau;T %yk; ntw;wplq;fs; epug;GtJ rk;ge;jkhf ,J tYTf;F tukhl;lhJ. 5:4:3 mj;jifa njupTr; rignahd;W> jiytu; cl;gl> Fiwe;jJ mur cj;jpNahfj;jh;fshd cWg;gpdh;fs; %tiuahapDk; cs;slf;fpapUj;jy; Ntz;L nkd;gNjhL> Ml;Nru;gG ; j; jpl;lj;jpy; NtWtpjj;jpy; Vw;ghL nra;ag;gl;bUe;jhNynahopa> mt;ntht;nthU rigapYk; xUtuhtJ gjtp ntw;wplk; ,Uf;Fk; mikr;R my;yJ jpizf;fsk; jtpu;ej ; NtW mikr;ir my;yJ jpizf;fsj;ij rhh;ej ; cj;jpNahfj;juhf ,Uj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 5:4:4 njupTr; rigapd; ghpe;Jiufs; fpilf;fg;ngw;wJk; epakpg;G mjpfhup epakpg;igr; nra;thu;. 5:5 gjtpepiyg; gjtpnahd;Wf;F cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtiu gjtp cau;jJ ; jiy Ml;Nru;gG ; jpl;lj;jpd; epajpfSf;fika nrayhsu; Nkw;nfhs;thh;. 5:6 gjtpepiy my;yhj juj;jpd; gjtpnahd;Wf;Fg; gjtpAau;j;Jjiy mq;ff P huk; ngw;w Ml;Nru;gG ; j; jpl;lq;fspd; epajpfSf;fpzq;fr; rk;ge;jg;gl;l jpizf;fsj;jpd; jiyth; Nkw;nfhs;thh;.

14

mj;jpahak; II

6. epakpgG ; fs;> gjtp cau;Tfs; rhu;ghf G+u;jj ; p nra;ag;gl Ntz;ba Kd; epge;jidfs;
6:1 epakpg;nghd;wpid my;yJ gjtp cau;nthd;wpidr; nra;a Kd;G gpd;tUk; epge;jidfs; G+u;jj ; p nra;ag;gl;ls;sdntd epakpg;Gr; nra;Ak; mjpfhup jpUg;jp miljy; Ntz;Lk;. 6:1:1 mg;gjtp nghJj; jpiwNrupapd; tuT nryTj; jpl;lg; gzpg;ghsuhy; mq;ff P upf;fg;glLs;snjd 6:1:2 mjw;fhd epjp Vw;ghL nra;ag;gl;Ls;snjd

6:1:3 gjtpazpapy; mt;ntw;wplq;fs; cz;ikahfNt cs;sdntd (Gjpa gjtpnahd;W cUthf;fg;gl;lhy; my;yJ gjtpnahd;iw tfpg;gtupd; Nritfs; epWj;jp itf;fg;gl;lhy; kl;LNk ntw;wplnkhd;W ,Uf;f KbAk;. Xa;T ngw Kd;G Maj;j yPtpy; nrd;wpUe;jhy; my;yJ gjtp tfpf;Fk; xUtu; rk;gskw;w yPtpy; nrd;wpUe;jhy; my;yJ gjtp tfpf;Fk; xUtu; jw;fhypfkhf tpLtpf;fg;gl;bUe;jhy; ntw;wplk; ,Ug;gjhff; nfhs;s KbahJ). 6:1:4 mg;gjtpf;fhd Njit njhlu;ej ; pUf;fpd;wnjd 6:1:5 me;j epakpg;G / gjtpAau;T mq;ff P huk; ngw;w Ml;Nru;gG ; j; jpl;lj;Jf;F mikthf ,Uf;fpd;wnjd 6:1:6 epakpg;Gr; nra;gtUf;F/gjtpAau;T nra;gtUf;F mjw;fhd mjpfhuk; Kiwg;gb toq;fg;ngw;Ws;snjd 6:2 cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUthpd; gjtpAah;T njhlh;ghf jPhk ; hdpg;gjw;F jhkjpj;j fhuzj;jpdhy; mk; jPhk ; hdk; vLf;fg;gl;l NghJ mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jh; Nritapy; ,Uf;ftpy;iyahapd; my;yJ kuzpj;jpUg;guhapd;> mj;jhkjk; njhlh;ghf mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jh; vt;tpjj;jpYk; nghWg;Gf; $w Ntz;bapuhjtplj;J jPhk ; hdpf;fg;gLfpd;w jpdj;jd;W mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jh; Xa;T ngw;Nwh my;yJ ,wg;nga;jpNah ,Ue;j NghjpYk;> ,g; gjtpAah;T njhlh;ghf mtUf;Fs;s chpikfisg; ghPry P pj;jjd; gpd;dh; chpa jpdj;jpypUe;J mg;gjtpAah;it toq;Fjy; Ntz;Lk;. ,J Nritnahd;wpd; juj;jpypUe;J juj;jpw;F Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLfpd;w gjtpAah;Tfs; njhlh;ghfNt Vw;GilajhFk;. 6:3 epakpg;Gr; nra;Ak; mjpfhup mikr;ruitahf ,Uf;Fkplj;J 5:1:1 Mk; gpuptpw;fika eltbf;if vLg;gjw;F Kd;du; 6:1:1 ,ypUe;J 6:1:4 tiuAs;s gpupTfspd; fPOs;s Vw;ghLfs; G+u;jj ; p nra;ag;gl;Ls;sik gw;wpj; jpUg;jpaila Ntz;baJ rk;ge;jg;gl;l mikr;rpdJ nrayhsupd; flikahFk;.

7. mur Nrit

epakpg;G rhu;

jifikfs;; jifikfs

7:1 jpwikapd;ikf;fhf ,isg;ghWkhW Nfhug;ngw;w my;yJ Ntiy ePff ; j;Jf;F gjpyPlhf fUizAs;s khw;W eltbf;iff;fhf ,isg;ghWkhW Nfhug;ngw;w my;yJ xOf;fhw;W tprhuizapd; gpd;G NritapypUe;J ePff ; g;gl;l ,d;Nwy; Nrit KbTWj;jg;gl;l my;yJ jdJ gjtpapypUe;J jhNd tpyfp V Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; 7 Mk; gpuptpd; epajpfspd;gb kPzL ; k; flikfisj; njhlq;Ftjw;F mDkjp kWf;fg;gl;l Ms; xUtu; murhq;f Nritapy; epakdk; ngwj; jifikaw;wtuhthh;. jhgdg; gzpg;ghshpdhy; mj;jifa cj;jpNahfj;jupd; gl;banyhd;W fhyj;Jf;Ff; fhyk; ntspaplg;gLk;. mg;gb ntspaplg;gLk; ,t;thl;fs; kPzL ; k; Nritapykh;jj ; g;glhikia cWjpg;gLj;jpf; nfhs;Sk; nghUl;L mfu thpir xOq;fpy; jahhpf;fg;gl;l mth;fspd; ngah;g;gl;banyhd;W jpizf;fsj;jpy; itf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. (V Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; 8 Mk; gpupitg; ghu;ff ; Tk;)

15

mj;jpahak; II

7:1:1 tpz;zg;gpf;fg;gLk; gjtpf;F tpjpjJ ; iuf;fg;gl;l cau; rpq;fs Nju;rr ; p guPli ; rfspypUe;J tpyf;fspg;Gg; ngWtjw;F cupik fpilf;fg;ngWfpd;w jifikfs; gpw;fhyj;jpy; ngwg;gl;bUe;jhNynahopa tpjpj;Jiuf;fg;gl;l rpq;fs Nju;rr ; pg; guPli ; rapy; rpj;jpailaj; jtwpaikapdhy; jkJ jFjp$u;fhy epakdk;/gupNrhjid fhyj;Jf;F cl;gl;L toq;fg;gl;l epakdk; KbTf;Ff; nfhz;Ltug;gl;l Gjpa murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; jifikaw;w xUtuhthu;. 7:2 nghJ epUthf mikr;rupd; rk;kjj;Jld; tpjpf;ff;$ba epajpfs; epge;jidfs; vd;gtw;wpw;F mq;ff P huKk; ,d;wp ,yq;ifg; gpuir my;yhj NtW Nritf;F epakpf;fg;glyhfhJ. rk;ge;jg;gl;l mikr;rh; mikthfTk; mthpd; vtNuDk; xUth; mur

7.2.1. Xu; mikr;ru; VNjDnkhU tpN\l gjtpf;F ,yq;ifg; gpuiray;yhj xUtiu epakpf;f Ntz;Lnkdj; jPuk ; hdpj;jhy; me;j epakpg;G mur Nritf;Ff; nra;ag;gLk; epakpg;gpid mshtp epw;Fk; nghJ tpjpfSf;F mikthfr; nra;ag;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 7.3. gpwg;G> ,wg;G jpUkzg; gjpthsupd; gjtpfs; Nghd;w Ntjdkw;w gjtpfis tfpf;Fk; egu;fis> Nkyjpfkhf VjhtJ gjtp tfpf;FkhW mt;Ntjdkw;w epakpg;gpidr; nra;Ak; mjpfhupaplk; crhTjy; nra;ahJ epakpf;ff;$lhJ.

8. epakpgG fbjk; k; ; f; fbj


8:1 gjtpnahd;Wf;F epakpf;fg;gLk; xt;nthU egUf;Fk; (xU Fwpg;gpl;l fhyj;Jf;F ehshe;j mbg;gilapy; Ntiyf;F mku;jj ; g;gLk; ehl;rk;gs mkaj; njhopyhsp jtpu;ej ; ) Ntiyf;fku;jj ; g;gLtjw;fhd epajpfSk; epge;jidfSk; KOikahff; $wg;gl;Ls;s epakpg;Gf; fbjnkhd;W $basT 4 Mk; gpd;dpizg;gpy; jug;gl;Ls;s chpa khjpup epakpg;Gf; fbjj;jpw;fika nghUj;jkhdthW jahhpf;fg;gl;L toq;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;.
T T T T T T T

8:2 mikr;ruitapdhy; mikr;ruitr; nrayhsu; toq;fg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;.

Neubahfr; nra;ag;gLk; epakpg;Gfspd; my;yJ mtupd; rhu;gpy; epakdf;

tplaj;jpy; fbjq;fs; nra;Ak;

8:2:1 Vida vy;yh epakdq;fspd; tplaj;jpy; epakpg;Gr; mjpfhupapdhy; epakdf; fbjq;fs; toq;fg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;.

8:2:2 epakdf; fbjj;jpd; tiunghd;W nghJthf jhgdg; gzpg;ghsUf;F Mw;Wg;gLj;j Ntz;bajpy;iyahapDk;> VNjDk; gpur;rpidnahd;W my;yJ Iag;ghnlhd;W Vw;gl;lhy; mJ rk;ge;jkhf mtuJ MNyhridfisg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;syhk;. 8:3 epakpg;gpidg; ngw;w xUtu; gjtpapy; cj;Njrf; flikapid Vw;f Kd;G epakpg;Gf; fbjj;ij jhd;; ngw;Wf;nfhz;likiaf; Fwpf;Fk; fbjnkhd;wpid mtuplkpUe;J ngw;Wf;nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. mf;fbjj;jpy; mg;gjtpf;fhd epajpfisAk; epge;jidfisAk; epakpg;Gf; fbjj;jpy; tpjpj;jthNw Vw;Wf; nfhz;L jhd; mg;gjtpia Vw;Wf; nfhs;tjhf mtu; Fwpg;gply; Ntz;Lk;. 8:4 gjtp cau;T xU epakpg;ghff; fUjg;gLtNjhL> 4 Mk; Mk; gpd;dpizg;gpy; jug;gl;Ls;sthW epakpg;Gf; fbjnkhd;W toq;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;.,Ug;gpDk;> mg;gjtp cau;T toq;fg;gLtJ xU tFg;G my;yJ juj;jpypUe;J mNj NritapYs;s gpwpnjhU tFg;Gf;F my;yJ juj;Jf;F vd mikAkplj;J> mg;gjtp cau;T Fwpj;J mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jUf;F mwptpg;gJ NghJkhdjhFk;. mt;twptpg;gpy; mtu; gjtp cau;T nra;ag;gl;l jpfjpAk;> tFg;Gk; my;yJ juKk; Fwpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;.mj;Jld; Gjpa tFg;G my;yJ juj;jpy; jhz;Lk;gb Ntz;lf;$bajhd tpidj;jpwd; jilfs; vitNaDk; ,Ug;gpd; mitAk; Fwpg;gplg;gly; Ntz;Lk;.

16

mj;jpahak; II

8:5 jhgdg; gzpg;ghshpdJk; tuTnryTj; jpl;lg; gzpg;ghsupdJk; mq;ff P huj;Jld; xU gjtpapd; ngau; khw;wg;gl;ltplj;J mjd; flikfs;> Ntjdhjpfs; my;yJ Nrit epge;jidfspy; khw;wNkJk; ,y;yhjtplj;J> Gjpa epakpg;Gf; fbjk; toq;fg;gl Ntz;bajpy;iy. rk;ge;jg;gl;l cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F gjtpg;ngau; khw;wg;gl;Ls;snjdTk; epakpg;gpd; Vida epge;jidfs; khw;wkpd;wp ,Uf;FnkdTk; fbjnkhd;wpd; %yk; mwptpg;gJ NghJkhdjhFk;.

9. kPsg; gzpf;fku;jj y;; ; y


9:1 murhq;f NritapypUe;J ,isg;ghwpa Ms; xUtiu mur Nritg; gjtpnahd;wpy; kPsg; gzpf;fku;jJ ; tjw;Nfh my;yJ mur $l;Lj;jhgdnkhd;wpy; gzpf;fkh;jJ ; tjw;Nfh mikr;ruitapd; Kd; mq;ff P huk; ngwg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. 9:1:1 60 tajpidg; G+u;jj ; p nra;tjw;F Kd;du; mur NritapypUe;J ,isg;ghwpAs;s Ms; xUtiu mur Nritg; gjtpnahd;wpy; kPsg; gzpf;fku;jJ ; tjw;F my;yJ mur $l;Lj;jhgdnkhd;wpy; gzpf;fku;jJ ; tjw;F tpNrl fhuzq;fs; cs;sik gw;wp mikr;ruit jpUg;jpAw;whnyhopa mtu; mt;thW kPsg; gzpf;fku;jj ; g;glkhl;lhh;. 9:2 kUj;Jtf; fhuzq;fSf;fhf ,isg;ghWk; gb nra;ag;gl;l cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; mtu; ,isg;ghwpa gjtpapy; my;yJ juj;jpy; gpd;tUk; epge;jidfSf;F cl;gl;L> epakpg;Gr; nra;Ak; mjpfhupapdhy; kPsg; gzpf;fku;jj ; g;glyhk;. 9:2:1 mtu; ,isg;ghwpa Neuj;jpy; 50 taJ G+u;jj ; pailahjtuha; ,Uj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 9:2:2 mtu; gjtpapypUe;J fope;jpUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. ,isg;ghwpa jpfjpapypUe;J xU tUlkhtJ

9:2:3 mtu; ,isg;ghw Kd;G mtuJ NtiyAk; elj;ijAk; jpUg;jpfukhf ,Ue;jpUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. (vdpDk; mtuJ Neha; fhuzkhf mtuJ Ntiyapy; mjpUg;jp Vw;gl;bUg;gpd; mJ mtiu kPzL ; k; Ntiyf;F mku;jJ ; tjw;Fj; jilahf mikahJ.) 9:2:4 Kiwg;gb mikf;fg;gl;l kUj;Jt rig xd;wpdhy; mtuJ Rfepiy Ntiyf;Fj; jFjpahd epiyapy; cs;sjhfg; gpd;G jPuk ; hdpf;fg;gl;L ,Uj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 9:2:5 mtu; euk;Gf; NfhshW my;yJ cs Neha; fhuzkhf ,isg;ghWk;gb nra;ag;gl;ltuhdhy; nrayhsupd; mq;ff P huj;ijg; ngw Ntz;Lk;. 9:3 kPsg; gzpf;fku;jj ; g;gLNthupd; Ntjdk; VII Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; 8 Mk; gpuptpd; epajpfspd;gb jPuk ; hdpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 9:4 kPsg; gzpf;fku;jj ; g;gl;l cj;jpNahfj;ju;fSf;F epakpg;Gf; fbjnkhd;W toq;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;> mf;fbjj;jpy; mtiu kPs Ntiyf;fku;jj ; pa epajpfSk; epge;jidfSk; $wg;gl;bUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. (4 Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; V kw;Wk; VI Mk; khjpupg; gbtq;fisg; ghu;ff ; Tk;.

10. ; eilKiw 10. epakpgG


10:1 mur Nritapy; VyNt epue;jug; gjtpnahd;wpid tfpf;fhj vtuhtJ xUtu; epue;ju epakpg;Gf;fhf my;yJ epue;jur; Nritf;fhf Ntiyf;fkh;jJ ; k; Nehf;fj;Jld; jFjp$u; fhynkhd;Wld; $ba epakpg;nghd;Wf;Fj; jw;fhypfkhfj; njupT nra;ag;gl;Ls;stplj;J> gjtp ntw;wplKs;s jpizf;fsj; jiytu; njupT nra;ag;gl;l Ntl;ghsiug; nghJg; gbtk; 169 jpidg; G+u;jj ; p nra;J mz;ikapy; cs;s kUj;Jtrhiyf;Fg; (nfhOk;ghapd;> nghJ itj;jparhiy ntspNehahsu;

17

mj;jpahak; II

gFjpapd; itj;jpaUf;Fk;> fz;b my;yJ fhypahapd; mt;itj;jparhiyfspd; itj;jpah;fSf;Fk;) ; nghWg;ghfTs;s murhq;f kUj;Jt cj;jpNahfj;juplk; nfhLj;J kUj;Jt gupNrhjidf;F cs;shFk;gb gzpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. ,g;gupNrhjidf;Ff; fl;lzk; vJTk; tpjpf;fg;glkhl;lhJ. 10:2 kUj;Jt cj;jpNahfj;ju; mtiug; gupNrhjid nra;J Rfhjhug; gbtk; 169I epug;Gthu;. gpd;G mtu; mij me;j epWtdj;jpd; jiytupD}lhfj; jdJ gFjpapd; gpuhe;jpa Rfhjhu Nritg; gzpg;ghsUf;F mDg;gp itg;ghu;. mg;gpuhe;jpa Rfhjhu Nritg; gzpg;ghsu; mt;twpf;ifiag; G+u;jj ; p nra;J> mt;Ntl;ghsu; epakpg;Gf;Fg; nghUj;jkhd clw;wifikAilatuhff; fhzg;gbd;> rk;ge;jg;gl;l jpizf;fsj; jiytUf;F mDg;gp itg;ghu;. mt;Ntl;ghsu; epakpg;Gf;Fj; jFjpaw;wtuhff; fhz;gg ; bd; mtu; mt;twpf;ifiar; Rfhjhu Nritg; gzpg;ghsu; ehafj;jpw;F mDg;gp itg;ghu;. Rfhjhu Nritg; gzpg;ghsu; ehafj;jpw;F mJ rkh;ff ; g;gbd;; mt;Ntl;ghsu; epakpg;Gf;Fj; jFjpAs;stnud;Nwh mt;thwpd;Nwy; mtiu NkYk; itj;jpag; guPli ; rf;F Mshf;f Ntz;Lnkd;Nwh Rfhjhu Nritg; gzpg;ghsh; ehafk; jpizf;fsj; jiytUf;F mwptpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 10:3 Rfhjhuk; 169 gbtj;jpyhd kUj;Jt mwpf;if fpilf;fg; ngWk; tiuapy; Gjpjhf epakpf;fg;gl;l ve;jNthH cj;jpNahfj;jUf;Fk; Ntjdk; toq;fhjpUg;gijj; jpizf;fsj; jiytu;fs; cWjpg;gLj;jpf; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. MapDk;> jhkjk; chpa cj;jpNahfj;jupd; jtnwhd;wpd; fhuzkhf epfo;eJ ; tpbd;> jpizf;fsj; jiyth; jdJ jw;Wzpgpd; Ngupy; Ntjdj;ij toq;fyhk;. 10:4 clw;wFjpapd;ikahy; mt;Tj;jpNahfj;ju; epakpf;fg;gl jFjpaw;wtuhff; fhzg;gbd; mtupd; jw;fhypf epakpg;G ,uj;J nra;ag;gly; Ntz;Lk;. Mdhy; Ntiy nra;j ehl;fSf;fhd Ntjdj;Jf;F mtu; jfTilatuhthu;. 10:5 jw;fhypf gjtpnahd;wpw;F epakpf;fg;gLfpd;w xUth;; Xu; murhq;f kUj;Jt cj;jpNahfj;juplk; nrd;W itj;jpa gupNrhjidia Nkw;nfhs;SkhW gzpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. mk;kUj;Jt cj;jpNahfj;ju; Rfhjhuk; 169 gbtj;jpy; jdJ mwpf;ifiar; rku;g;gpg;ghu;. kUj;Jtg; gupNrhjidf;F cl;gl;l mj;jifa egu;fs; epue;jukhd gjtpfspy; epakpf;fg;gl;ljd; Ngupy; my;yJ cs;su P f ; ;fg;gl;ljd; Ngupy; ,uz;lhtJ kUj;Jtg; guPli ; rf;F cs;shFk;gb tpjpf;fg;glf; $lhJ. 10:6 mur Nritapy; cs;s gjtp xd;Wf;F> mJ epue;jukhdjhapDQ;rup mka mbg;gilapdjhapDk;rup my;yJ jw;fhypfkhdjhapDQ; rup> epakpg;Gg; ngWk; cj;jpNahfj;ju; xt;nthUtUk; mth; mj;jifa gjtpf;F epakpf;fg;gl;l xU khj fhyj;jpw;Fs; murpayikg;gpd; 7 Mk; ml;ltizapy; tpjpj;Jiuf;fg;gl;Ls;sjd; gpufhuk; gpd;tUk; gbtj;jpyhd cWjpAiu my;yJ rj;jpak; nra;J xg;gkpLjy; Ntz;Lk;. .Mfpa ehd; ,yq;ifr; rdehaf Nrhryprf; Fbaurpd; murpayikg;ig cWjpahfg; Nghw;wpf; fhg;Ngd; vd;Wk;> ,yq;ifapd; Ms;Gyj;Jf;Fs;shf jdp munrhd;W jhgpf;fg;gLtjw;F NeubahfNth kiwKfkhfNth ,yq;ifapNyh my;yJ ,yq;iff;F ntspapNyh MjuT mspf;fNth> Mf;fkspf;fNth> Cf;Ftpg;G mspf;fNth> epjp cjtNth> Cf;Ftpf;fNth> ghpe;Jiuf;fNth khl;Nld; vd;Wk; gagf;jpAld; ntspg;gLj;jp cWjp nra;fpd;Nwd;/rj;jpaQ; nra;fpd;Nwd;. xg;gk; 20Mk; Mz;L khjk; ehs; md;W ,y; vd; Kd;dpiyapy;> xg;gk;:.. ngaUk; gjtpg; ngaUk; .. .. ..

18

mj;jpahak; II

10:6:1 eilKiwapYs;s rl;lj;jpd; fPo; cWjpAiutjw;F my;yJ rj;jpak; nra;tjw;F mjpfhuk; cs;s cj;jpNahfj;ju;fSf;F Nkyjpfkhf fPot ; Uk; tFjpf;Fhpa cj;jpNahfj;jh;fSk; cWjpAiuf;fyhk; my;yJ rj;jpak; nra;ayhk;. (m) jhgd tpjpf;Nfhitapy; nghUs;Nfhly; nra;ag;gl;Ls;sthW murhq;f Nritapd; my;yJ cs;Suhl;rp Nritapd; gjtpepiy cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu;. (M) cjtpg; nghyp]; mj;jpal;rfu; gjtpf;Ff; Fiwahj gjtpnahd;wpid tfpf;fpd;w cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu;. (,) ,uhZt Nritnahd;Wf;Fupa mjpfhuk; ngw;w cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu;. (<) mur $l;Lj;jhgdnkhd;wpd; epiwNtw;W cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu;. 10:6:2 jdJ epakdk; fpilf;fg; ngw;W xUkhj fhyj;jpw;Fs; cWjpAiu my;yJ rj;jpak; nra;J xg;gkply; Ntz;LnkdTk;> mt;thW nra;aj; jtWk; Ms; xUtu; Fwpj;j NritapypUe;J my;yJ gjtpapypUe;J ePff ; Q; nra;ag;gLthnudTk; epakdf; fbjj;jpy; cs;slf;fg;gl;bUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 10:6:3 cWjpAiu my;yJ rj;jpak; nra;J xg;gkpLtjw;Fs;s vtNuDk; Ms; xUtu; Fwpj;j jpfjpad;W my;yJ mjw;F Kd;du; mt;thW nra;ahtpbd; mtu; gw;wp nghJepUthf mikr;rpd; nrayhsUf;F mwptpf;f Ntz;Lk;. mj;jifa mwpf;ifapy; chpa Mspd; ngau;> gjtpg; ngau;> mikr;R> jpzf;fsk; vd;gd Fwpg;gplg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. ,e;j mwpf;ifAld; chpa fhyg;gFjpapy; cWjpAiu my;yJ rj;jpak; nra;J xg;gkplhikf;fhd fhuzq;fis Fwpj;Jepw;Fk; chpa MsplkpUe;J ngw;Wf; nfhs;sg;gl;l gpufldnkhd;iwAk; ,izj;J mDg;Gjy; Ntz;Lk;. ,e;j cWjpAiu my;yJ rj;jpak; nra;J ifnahg;gkplhikf;fhf rku;gg ; pf;fg;gl;Ls;s fhuzq;fs; gw;wp jpizf;fsj; jiyu; jdJ mtjhdpg;GiufisAk; mj;jifa mwpf;ifapy; Fwpg;gpl;L mDg;Gjy; Ntz;Lk;. mj;jifa mwpf;if njhlu;gpy; murpayikg;gpd; 165(2) Mk; cWg;GiuapYs;s Vw;ghLfSf;fika eltbf;if vLf;fg;gLk;. 10:6:4 cWjpAiu my;yJ rj;jpak; nra;J xg;gkplg;gl;l gbtkhdJ chpa Mspd; jdpg;gl;l Nfhg;gpy; Nfhg;gpyplg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. ,ize;j Nritnahd;wpf;Fupa cj;jpNahfj;jupd; mj;jifa mwpf;if ,ize;j Nritfs; gzpg;ghsu; ehafj;jpdhy; jdpg;gl;l Nfhg;gpy; Nfhg;gplg;glYk; Ntz;Lk;. 10:6:5 cWjpAiu my;yJ rj;jpak; nra;J xg;gkplg;gl;Ls;sik gw;wp cj;jpNahfj;jupd;; tuyhw;Wj;jhspy; Fwpg;gplg;gly; Ntz;Lnkd;gNjhL> mj;jifa vy;yhf; Fwpg;GfspYk; nghWg;Gkpf;f cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtupd; RUf;ff; ifnahg;gk; ,lg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. gjtpepiy> cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; rk;ge;jkhdtplj;J mj;jifa Fwpg;ghdJ mtuJ jdpg;gl;l mwpf;iff; Fwpg;Gf; Nfhg;gpy; cs;slf;fg;glNtz;Lnkd;gNjhL> mjpy; ,g;gzp rhu;gpy; ngau; Fwpg;gplg;gl;l nghWg;G kpf;f cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtupd; RUf;ff; ifnahg;gk; ,lg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 10:7 Mz;nlhd;Wf;F 7>230/- &ghTf;Ff; Fiwahj Muk;g Ntjdj;ijf; nfhz;l gjtpnahd;Wf;F jw;fhypf epiyapNyay;yhky; NtW epiyapy; epakpg;Gg; ngw;w cj;jpNahfj;ju; xt;nthUtUk;> mtu; tpyfy; mwptpg;igf; nfhLf;f Ntz;batnud vOj;jpYs;s rl;lj;jpdhy; Ntz;lg;glhjtplj;J epakpg;gpidg; ngWk; nghOJ nghJg; gbtk; 160 ,y; cs;s cld;gbf;ifnahd;wpy; ifnahg;gk; ,ly; Ntz;Lk;. 10:8 G+u;jj ; p nra;ag;gl;l cld;gbf;ifg; gbtk; mt;Tj;jpNahfj;ju; Nrit nra;Ak; jpizf;fsj;jpNyNa Nfhitaplg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. vdpDk; ,ize;j Nritapy; cs;s cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUthpd; cld;gbf;ifg; gbtk; ,ize;j
19

mj;jpahak; II

Nritfspd; gzpg;ghsupd; itf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;.

ghJfhg;gpy;

itf;fg;gLtjw;fhf

mtUf;F

mDg;gp

10:9 gpizg;gzk; nrYj;j Ntz;ba cj;jpNahfj;jiug; nghWj;jkl;by; mt;Tj;jpNahfj;ju; epakpg;Gg; ngw;w gpd;G $ba rPff ; puj;jpy; mtu; nrYj;jNtz;ba gpizg;gzj; njhifapid mtUf;Fj; jpizf;fsj; jiytu; mwptpg;gJld; mij ,uz;L khj fhyg; gFjpf;Fs; nrYj;jNtz;LnkdTk; Nfhuy; Ntz;Lk;. %d;W khj fhy vy;iyapDs; mtu; mijr; nrYj;jj; jtwpdhy; mtuJ Ntjdf; nfhLg;gdit epWj;j Ntz;Lnkd;gNjhL> mur cj;jpNahfj;ju;fspd;> (gpiz) fl;lisr; rl;lj;jpd; 8(2) Mk; gpuptpd; fPo; (352 Mk; mj;jpahak;) eltbf;if vLf;f KbAk;.

10:10 cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtupd; gpwe;j jpfjpia cWjpg;gLj;jpf; nfhs;Sk; NghJ gjpthsu; ehafj;jpdhy; my;yJ mtuhy; cupa tifapy; mjpfhuk; ifaspf;fg;gl;Ls;scj;jpNahfj;jupdhy; toq;fg;gl;Ls;s gpwg;Gr;rhd;wpjnohd;iwNah my;yJ taJ gw;wpa tpNrl rhd;wpjnohd;iwNah jtpHe;j NtNwJk; Mtznkhd;wpidNah Vw;Wf; nfhs;shjpUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. MapDk;> Xa;T+jpak; mj;Jld; gzpf;nfhilf; nfhLg;gdTfspd; fhyjhkjj;ijj; jLf;Fk; Nehf;Fld; Xa;T+jpaj; jpizf;fsj;jpw;Fupa chpa tpNrl Vw;ghLfs; ePff ; g;glkhl;lhJ.

10:11 murpayikg;gpd; IV Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; nkhopgw;wpa Vw;ghLfs; ,zq;fpnahOFfpd;wik gw;wp mur cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; nghWg;Gf; $Wjy; Ntz;Lk;. ,J 5 Mk; gpd;dpizg;gpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sJ.
T

11. 11.

jFjp$u; fhyk;
epakpg;Gf;fnsy;yhk; %d;W tUl fhy

11:1 epue;jukhd gjtpfSf;fhd jFjp$u; epiyf;F cl;gLk;.

11:2 epakpg;Gr; nra;ag;gl;l cj;jpNahfj;ju; jdJ epakpg;gpNy tpjpf;fg;gl;l flg;ghLfis jtwhJ epiwNtw;WtJld; mur Nritapy; jd;idj; njhlu;eJ ; itj;jpUg;gjw;fhd jdJ jFjpia elj;ijahYk; jpwikahd NritahYk; ep&gpg;gpd; murhq;f Nritapy; njhlh;eJ ; itj;jpUf;fg;gLtjw;fhd vjph;ghh;fi ; fia mtu;> jdJ Nritapy; cWjpg;gLj;jg;gl Kd;G> mtUf;F cUthf;FtNj jFjp$u; epiy nfhz;l epakpg;gpd; Nehf;fkhFk;. Nkhrbia Fwpg;ghf ep&gpf;f Kbahj NghjpYk; cshPjpahd kw;Wk; Vida gytPdq;fs; fhuzkhf murhq;f NritapypUe;J ePff ; g;gl Ntz;ba xUth; jhkjkpd;wp mtUf;F NtnwhU njhopiyj; Njbf; nfhs;s KbAkhdthW NritapypUe;J ePff ; jFjp$h; epiyf;Fl;gLj;jg;gl;L epakpg;Gr; nra;ag;gLtjhy; topNaw;gLfpd;wJ.

11:2:1 jFjp$u; epiyapy; epakpf;fg;gl;l cj;jpNahfj;ju; tplaj;jpy; gpd;tUk; eilKiwfs; gpd;gw;wg;gly; Ntz;Lk; :- cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth; jFjp$h; epiyf;fhyj;jpw;Fl;gl;L epakpg;Gr; nra;ag;gLtJ jkJ Ntiy eltbf;iffisf; fw;gjw;F tha;gN ; gw;gLj;jp> ; epue;jukhf mtiug; gjtpapy; itj;jpUg;gjw;fhd mthpd; jfTepiyia ghprPypg;gjw;fhfntd;gij fUj;jpy; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. flikfspy; mDgtj;ijg; ngWtjw;fhd rfy trjpfSk; mtu;fSf;F mspf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. mj;Jld; mtu;fisj; njhlu;rr ; pahd fUiztha;ej ; mtjhdpg;gpd; fPNoAk; topfhl;lypd; fPNoAk; itj;jpUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.

Xu; cj;jpNahfj;ju; jdJ jFjp$u; fhyj;jpy; epue;jukhfj; jd;id itj;jpUg;gjw;fhd jdJ jfT gw;wp Iak; Vw;glf;$ba rhu;Gfs; vtw;NwNaDk; fhl;Lthuhdhy; clNd mtUf;F mJ gw;wp mwptpf;f Ntz;Lnkd;gJld;> jdJ jtWfisj; jpUj;jpf; nfhs;tij ,ayr; nra;af;$ba midj;J cjtpfisAk; mtUf;F toq;Fjy; Ntz;Lk;. njhlu;eJ ; nra;thuhapd; mtuJ Ntiy cWjpg;ghl;ilj; jilnra;af; $bajhd VNjDk; ghupa nraYf;fhf my;yJ jtWf;fhf my;yJ Nkhrbahd elj;ijf;fhf my;yJ gz;Gf;fhf VjhtJ fbe;Jiu toq;Ftjhapd; mij me;j cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F vOj;J %yk; mwptpf;f Ntz;Lnkd;gNjhL mij mtu; ngw;Wf; nfhz;likf;fhf mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jhpd; ifnahg;gj;ijAk; ngwy; Ntz;Lk;. mt;thW nra;a

20

mj;jpahak; II

Ntz;baJ mYtyhpd; FiwghLfs; njhlh;ghf mtUf;F Kd;$l;bNa mwptpj;J mf;FiwghLfis epth;jj ; p nra;J nfhs;tjw;fhf mtUf;F re;jh;gg ; nkhd;W mspf;fg;gl;ljh vd gpd;ndhU re;jh;gg ; j;jpy; gpur;rpidnahd;W vOtjw;fhd tha;gg ; pid ,y;yhnjhopg;gjw;fhFk;. 11:2:2 jpizf;fsj; jiytu;fs; jkJ jpizf;fsq;fspy; jFjp $u; epiyapy; epakpf;fg;gl;Ls;sth;fSk; Nritapy; KjyhtJ Mz;ilg; G+h;jj ; p nra;Js;sth;fSkhd xt;Nthh; cj;jpNahfj;jh; gw;wpAk; mwpf;iffisj; jahhpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. ,uz;lhtJ tUl KbtpYk; mJ Nghd;w mwpf;ifnahd;W jahupf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;> xt;nthU mwpf;ifAk; G+u;jj ; p nra;ag;gl;l gpd;G mJ kpff; ftdkhfg; guprPypf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. vitNaDk; Fiwfs; ,Ug;gpd; mit gw;wp vr;rhpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. jFjp$u; fhyk; KbTWtjw;F MWkhjq;fSf;F Kd;G ,Wjp mwpf;ifnahd;W jahupf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. jFjp$u; fhy msT epiwnta;jpa gpd;G cj;jpNahfj;jupd; gjtpia epue;jukhf;Fk; jFjptha;ej ; mjpfhupapdhy; %d;W mwpf;iffSk; guprPypf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. mjd; gpd;G> gjtpia epue;jukhf;ff;$ba my;yJ jFjp$u;fhy msit ePbf;ff;$ba fl;lisnahd;iw mtu; gpwg;gpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 11:2:3 jFjp$h; epiyapYs;s cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUthpd; jFjp$H; fhyk; G+h;jj ; paile;jJk; mtiu Nritapy; epue;jukhf;fNth my;yJ mthpd; jFjp$h; fhyj;ij ePbf;fr; nra;aNth my;yJ jFjp$h; epakpg;gpid KbTWj;jNth jpizf;fsj; jiyth; eltbf;if vLj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. ,jpy; ve;j KbthapDk; chpa mYtyUf;F mwptpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 11:2:4 jFjp$u; epiyapy; cs;s cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtuhy; ,iof;fg;gl;l xOq;fd P nkhd;W njhlHghf Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLfpd;w tprhuizia mtuJ jFjp$u; fhyg; gFjpf;Fs; Kbf;fKbahJ Nghdhy; mt;tprhuiz KbAk; tiuapy; mtuJ gjtpapy; mtiu epue;jukhf;Ftij xj;jpNghLtJ nghUj;jkhdjy;y. mj;jifa re;ju;gg ; nkhd;wpy; cj;Njr tplaq;fs; njhlh;ghff; fUj;jpnyLj;J mtuJ jFjp$u; epiyapyhd epakpg;G KbTWj;jg;glNth my;yJ jFjp$u; fhy msT ePbf;fg;glNth Ntz;Lk;. 11:3 murhq;f Nritapy; epue;jukhd gjtpnahd;wpy; Ntiy epue;jukhf;fg;gl;l Xu; cj;jpNahfj;ju; NtnwhU epue;jukhd gjtpf;F epakpf;fg;gl;lhy; mg;Gjpa gjtpapy; jFjp$u;fhyk; Nritahw;w nghJthf tpjpf;fg;gl khl;lhJ. Mdhy;> epakpg;Gr; nra;Ak; mjpfhup Gjpa gjtpf;F mj;jifa cj;jpNahfj;jh; nghUj;jkhdtuhntdj; jPuk ; hdpf;Fk; nghUl;L Kjypy; xU Fwpg;gpl;l fhyj;Jf;Fg; mg;gjtpapy; gjpw;flik Mw;Wgtuhf mtiu epakpf;fyhk;. ; hdpf;Fifapy; Gjpa gjtpapy; 11:3:1 gjpy; flikahw;Wk; fhyg;gFjpiaj; jPhk epue;jukhf;fg;gLtjw;fhf tpjpf;ff;$ba vitNaDk; epge;jidfspUg;gpd; mtw;iwg; G+u;jj ; p nra;tjw;F cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F rhjhuzkhfj; Njitg;gLk; fhyj;ijAk; mtu; epue;jukhf tfpj;j gjtpapid ntw;wplkhf itj;jpUf;ff;$ba fhyj;ijAk; fUj;jpy; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. 11:3:2 mt;Tj;jpNahfj;ju; tfpf;Fk; epiyahd gjtpf;fhd epakpg;G mjpfhup mg;gjtpia gjpw;flik Mw;Wq; fhyk; tiu ntw;wplkhf itj;jpUg;gjw;F ,zq;fhtpbd;>Ke;jpa gjtpf;F kPsr; nry;tjw;fhd chpj;jw;w tifapy; Gjpa epakpg;G jFjp$u; epiyapy;/guPlr ; hu;jj ; epiyapy; itf;fg;gLk;. 11:4 jFjp$u; fhy vy;iyf;Fs; Xu; cj;jpNahfj;jupd; epakpg;gpid fhuzk; vJTk; fhl;lhky; KbTWj;Jtjw;F epakpg;G mjpfhupf;F mjpfhuKz;L. mNj Nghy 11:3 Mk; cggpuptpd; fPo; gjtpnahd;wpy; gjpy; flikahw;Wtjw;fhf epakpg;Gr; nra;ag;gl;l cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth; mg;gjpy; flikahw;Wk; fhyg;gFjpf;Fs; mtUf;F epue;ju gjtpf;F kPsr; nry;tjw;fhd chpj;Jf; fhzg;gbd; ve;jnthU fhuzj;ijAk; fhl;lhky; mthpd; epue;jug; gjtpf;F kPs mDg;gp itg;gjw;Nfh my;yJ mthpd; Nritia KbTWj;Jtjw;Nfh KbAk;. 11:5 jFjp$u; vy;iyKbtpNyh fhy vy;iy KbtpNyh mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jupd;
21

,d;Nwy; gjpw;flikahw;Wq; fhy NtiyAk; elj;ijAk;

mj;jpahak; pahak; II

jpUg;jpfukhditaha;f; fhzg;gl;lnjd ep&gpf;fg;gl;Lk; mg;gjtpia epue;jukhf;Ftjw;fhd midj;J NjitfisAk; mtu; G+u;jj ; p nra;JKs;shuhapd; mtupd; epakpg;G jFjp tha;ej ; mjpfhupahy; epue;jukhf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 11:6 cWjpg;gLj;Jtjw;Ff; fl;lis gpwg;gpf;Fk; jFjptha;ej ; mjpfhup epakpg;G mjpfhupahthu;. 11:7 mt;Tj;jpNahfj;ju; gjtpapy; epue;jukhf;fg;gLtjw;fhd vy;yh mk;rq;fspYk; jFjpahdtnudTk;; jifikfs; cs;stnudTk;; jPhk ; hdpf;fg;glhjtplj;J epakpg;G mjpfhhp mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jhpd; epakpg;ig KbTWj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. mt;thwpd;Nwy; 11:9 Mk; my;yJ 11:10 cg gpupTfSf;fikthf mtuJ jFjp$u; fhyk; my;yJ gjpw; flikf;fhyk; epakpg;G mjpfhupahy; NkYk; ePbf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. mt;thwpUe;j NghjpYk;> 11:7:1 epakpg;Gr; nra;Ak; mjpfhup epakpg;G mjpfhuk; ifaspf;fg;gl;Ls;s jpizf;fsj; jiytH xUtuhapd; mtu; nrayhsupd; mq;fPfhukpd;wp jFjp$u; fhyj;ij xU tUlj;Jf;F Nkyhf ePbf;ff;$lhJ. 11:7:2 11:3Mk; cggpuptpd; epajpfspd; gb xU gjtpapy; epue;jukhf;fg;gLk; Nehf;fj;Jld; mg;gjtpapy; gjpw;flik Mw;Wtjw;fhf epakpf;fg;gl;l cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtiug; nghWj;jkl;by; mtu; epue;jukhf tfpj;j gjtpapd; epakpg;G mjpfhupapd; rk;kjkpy;yhky; mtupd; gjpw;flikf; fhyj;ij epakpg;G mjpfhup ePbf;ff;$lhJ. ePbg;gjw;F vdf; fUjpa fhyk; xU tUlj;Jf;Fk; Nkyhdjhf ,Ug;gpd; mtu; chpa nrayhsupd; mq;ff P huj;ijAk; ngwy; Ntz;Lk;. 11:8 jFjp$u; epiyapy; epakpf;fg;gl;l cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtupd; epakpg;G epue;jukhf;fg;gl;lhy; mtuJ epue;ju epakpgG ; 11 : 9 Mk; 11 : 10 Mk; cggpupTfSf;fikthf> mtu; jFjp$u; epiyapy; epakpf;fg;gl;l jpfjpapypUe;J epakpf;fg;gl;ljhfj; Njjpaplg;gLk;. 11:9 vtNuDk; Xh; cj;jpNahfj;jh; Fwpg;gpl;l fhyg;gFjpf;Fs; mjhtJ Muk;g jFjp$h; fhyj;jpw;Fs; epakpg;gpy; epue;jukhf;fg;gLtjw;fhd jifikiag; ngwj; jtwpaik mthpd; fl;Lg;ghl;Lf;F mg;ghw;gl;l fhuzq;fspdhyhapd; Nritapy; epue;jukhf;fg;gLtjw;fhf jFjp$u; fhyk; epahakhd fhyk; tiu ePbf;fg;glyhk;. mt;Tj;jpNahfj;ju; ePbf;fg;gl;l mf;fhyj;jpDs; epue;jug;gLj;jg;gLtjw;Fj; Njitahd jifikiag; ngWtuhapd; mtu; jFjp$u; epiyapy; epakpf;fg;gl;l jpfjpapypUe;J cWjpg;gLj;jg;gLthu;. ,jd; NghJ mtuJ Ntjdj;Jf;F my;yJ Nrit%g;Gf;F ghjpg;Ngw;glhJ. 11:10 Xu; cj;jpNahfj;ju; jFe;j fhyj;jpy; mjhtJ jFjp$u; epiyapy; ,Ue;j Muk;g fhyj;jpDs;> mtuJ fl;Lg;ghl;Lf;Fl;gl;l fhuzq;fshy; epue;jukhf;fg;gLtjw;fhd jifikiag; ngwj;jtwpaNjhL 11: 7 Mk; cggpuptpd; epajpfspd;gb toq;fg;gl;l jFjp$u;fhy ePbg;gpdpy; epue;jukhf;fg;gLtjw;fhd jifikiag; ngw;whuhapd;> fPot ; UkhW eltbf;iffs; vLf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 11:10:1 Muk;g jFjp$u; epiyf;fhy Kbtpy; fpilf;ftpUe;j Mz;L rk;gs Vw;wk; jifikiag; ngWtjw;fhf toq;fg;gl;l Muk;gfhyj;Jf;F Nkyhf vLj;j fhyg; gFjpf;F rkkhd fhyk; tiu epWj;jp itf;fg;gLk;. 11:10:2 mtu; epakpf;fg;gl;l jpfjpapypUe;J epakpg;gpdpy; epue;jukhf;fg;gLthh;. mKyhFk; tpjj;jpy; mtuJ

11:10:3 mtuJ juj;jpy; my;yJ mtuJ Nritapy; cs;s mtupd; Nrit %g;G mtu; epue;jukhf;fg;gLtjw;fhd jifikiag; ngw;w jpfjpf;fika jPuk ; hdpf;fg;gLk;. 11:10:4 ,Ug;gpDk; mtu; epue;jukhf;fg;gLtJ jhkjpf;fg;glhjpUe;jpUg;gpd; mtu; ngw;wpUf;ff;$ba Ntjdj;ij kPsf; nfhLf;Fk; gpur;rpid> Muk;g jFjp$u; epiyf;fhyk; Kbtile;J Ie;J Mz;Lfs; nrd;w gpd;G MW khj

22

mj;jpahak; II

fhyj;jpDs; mt;Tj;jpNahfj;ju; vOj;jpyhd Ntz;LNfhs; xd;wpid tpLg;ghuhapd;> nghJ epUthf mikr;rpd; nrayhsupdhy; guprPyid nra;ag;gLk;. mth; Kd;itj;j tplaq;fs; fhuzkhf mtuJ Ntjdk; kPsf; nfhLf;fg;gl Ntz;Lnkd nghJ epUthf mikr;rpd; nrayhsu; jPuk ; hdpj;jhy; mt;thW jPuk ; hdpf;fg;gl;l NjjpapypUe;J> jhd; cupa fhyj;jpy; epue;jukhf;fg;gl;bUe;jhy; ve;j Ntjd tPjj;ijg; ngw;wpUg;ghNuh me;j tPjj;ijg; ngWtjw;F mDkjpf;fg;gLthu;. ,Ug;gpDk; ntFGweilahd re;ju;gg ; q;fspNyad;wp mtUf;F> mtu; gpwR+o;epiyapy; ngwf;$ba Nrit%g;G kPsf; nfhLf;fg;glkhl;lhJ.

12. 12.

epakpgG ; f; ; s; rhu; nghJ epge;jidfs; ff

12:1 xt;Nthh; mur cj;jpNahfj;jUk; epjpg; gpukhzq;fs;> jhgd tpjpf;Nfhit> jpizf;fs fl;lisfs; my;yJ xOq;F tpjpfs; mj;Jld; fhyj;Jf;Ff; fhyk; tpepNahfpf;fg;gLfpd;w gpw fl;lisfs; my;yJ xOq;F tpjpfSf;Fk; fl;Lg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. 12:2 Xa;T+jpaKs;s epue;jukhd gjtpnahd;wpid tfpg;gtu; re;ju;gg ; j;jpw;Nfw;g tpjitfs; mehijfs; Xa;T+jpa epjpaj;Jf;F my;yJ jGjhuu;> mehijfs; Xa;T+jpa epjpaj;Jf;F mq;fj;Jtg; gzk; nrYj;Jjy; Ntz;Lk;. 12:2:1 tpjitfs;> mehijfs; Xa;T+jpa epjpaj;Jf;F mehijfs; Xa;T+jpa epjpaj;Jf;F mq;fj;Jtg; gzr; gpd;tUk; mbg;gilapd; kPjhFk;: my;yJ jGjhuu;> nrYj;JifahdJ

(1) Mz;nlhd;Wf;F Ntjdk; &gh: 8>580/- tiu 1 1/2 % (E}w;Wf;F xd;wiur; rjtPjk;) (2) Mz;nlhd;Wf;F Ntjdk; &gh: 8>581/- ,ypUe;J &gh 15>600 /- tiu - 3% (E}w;Wf;F %d;W rjtPjk;) (3) Mz;nlhd;Wf;F Ntjdk; &gh: 15>600/= ,w;F Nky; - 4 % (E}w;Wf;F ehd;F rjtPjk;) 12:2:2 cg gpupT 12:2:1 ,y; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s Ntjdk; vd;Dk; NghJ Xa;T+jpaj;Jld; $ba nfhLg;gdTk; cs;slf;fg;gl;l Mz;Lf;fhd Gjpa jpul;ba NtjdkhFk;. 12:3 epue;jukhd Mdhy; Xa;T+jpakw;w gjtpnahd;iw tfpf;Fk; mt;thwpd;Nwy; jw;fhypf kw;Wk; khjr; rk;gsk; nfhz;l gjtpnahd;iw tfpf;Fk; xUtu; murhq;f Nrit Copah; Nrkyhg epjpaj;Jf;F jdJ rk;gsj;jpy; 6 rjtPjj;ij nrYj;Jjy; Ntz;Lk;. mj;jifa gjtpapid tfpg;gtu; jdJ khj Ntjdj;jpy; tpUk;gpdhy; mjw;F Nkyjpfkhf 6 rjtPjk; tiuapy; murhq;f Nrit Copah; Nrkyhg epjpaj;Jf;F jd;dpr;irahfNt gzQ; nrYj;j KbAk;. ,t;thW nrYj;Jk; ,t;ntht;nthU re;jh;gg ; j;jpYk; ,e;j mq;fj;Jtg; gzj;Jf;F murhq;fj;jhy; mtuJ rk;gsj;jpd; 9 rjtPjk; nrYj;jg;gLk;. 12:4 njhopyhsu; ju tFg;Gf;fspy; I ,ypUe;J III tiuapyhd Xa;T+jpaKs;s epue;jukhd epakpg;Gr; nra;ag;gl Ntz;ba gjtpnahd;wpw;F IV Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpy; tpjpf;fg;gl;l epge;jidfSf;F mikthfNt epakpg;Gr; nra;ag;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 12:5 epue;jukhd gjtpnahd;Wf;F VNjDk; fhuzj;Jf;fhfj; jw;fhypf mbg;gilapy; my;yJ mka mbg;gilapy; epakpg;nghd;wpidr; nra;jhy; my;yJ jw;fhypf gjtpnahd;Wf;F mka mbg;gilapy; epakpg;nghd;wpidr; nra;jhy; mg; gjtpapd; juj;jpd; mbg;gilapyd;wp epakpg;gpd; ,ay;Gf;Nfw;gNt mjd; epge;jidfs; jPuk ; hdpf;fg;gLk;. ; (IV Mk; mj;jpahaj;ijg; ghu;ff ; Tk;) 12:6 nghJ cj;jpNahfj;ju; gpizg;gzk; fl;lisr; rl;lj;jpd; epajpfSf;F mikthf mur cj;jpNahfj;ju; vtNuDk; xUtUf;F nrayhsu; jPuk ; hdpf;ff;$ba mj;jifa njhifapid mt;thW gpizg;gzkhfr; nrYj;JkhW tpjpf;fg;glyhk;.

23

mj;jpahak; II

12:7 jPtpd; VNjDk; xU ghfj;jpy; Nrit nra;AkhW Ntz;lg;glyhk;.

mur

cj;jpNahfj;ju;

vtnuDnkhUth;

12:8 epue;jukhd my;yJ jw;fhypfkhd gjtpnahd;Wf;F epakpf;fg;gLk; xt;nthUtUk; ,e;j mj;jpahaj;jpd; 10:1 ,y; ,Ue;J 10:5 tiuapyhd cg gpupTfspd; epajpfspd;gb murhq;f kUj;Jt cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtuhy; kUj;JtNrhjid nra;ag;gl;l gpd;G ,e;jj; jPtpd; ve;jg; ghfj;jpNyDk; Nrit nra;tjw;Fk; mtu; clw;wFjp cs;stnud cWjpg;gLj;jg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 12:9 Xt;Nthh; cj;jpNahfj;jUk; 1956 Mk; Mz;bd; 33 Mk; ,yf;f murfUk nkhopr;rl;lj;jpd; Vw;ghLfSf;Fk; mur fUknkhopf; nfhs;ifia eilKiwg;gLj;Jk; Kfkhff; fhyj;Jf;Ff; fhyk; gpwg;gpf;fg;gLfpd;w vitNaDk; gpw rl;lq;fs; xOq;Ftpjpfs; my;yJ rl;l Vw;ghLfSf;Fk; ,zq;fpnahOFjy; Ntz;Lk;. 12:10 nghJr; Nritapy; Gjpjhfr; Nru;ej ; tUk; epue;jukhd my;yJ jw;fhypfkhd gjtpfis tfpg;gtUkhd xt;Nthh; cj;jpNahfj;jUk; jkJ epakpg;Gj; jpfjpapypUe;J mur fUknkhopf; nfhs;ifapd; Nehf;fj;Jf;fhf tpjpf;fg;gl;l rpq;fsj; Nju;Tfspy; - mjhtJ I , II kw;Wk; III Mk; juq;fspy; Nju;rr ; p miljy; Ntz;Lk;. 12:10:1 fdpl;l ju CopanuhUth; murfUknkhopj; Nju;rr ; papidg; ngWk; NjitapypUe;J tpyf;fspf;fg;gLthh;. MapDk; vtNuDk; epakpg;G nra;Ak; mjpfhup jkJ jpizf;fsj;jpy; my;yJ Nrit epiyaj;jpy; cs;s Fwpj;j fdpl;l ju Copau; tifapdUf;F mur fUk nkhop rk;ge;jkhf Mff;Fiwe;j Nju;rr ; p Njitnadf; fUJkplj;J mtu; mj;jifa epge;jidnahd;iw tpjpg;gjw;F Kd;du; nghJ epUthf mikr;rpd; nrayhsupd; mq;ff P huj;ijg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. mj;jifa khw;wnkhd;Wf;F mq;ff P huk; toq;Ftjw;F Kd;du; nghJ epUthf mikr;rpd; nrayhsu; rk;ge;jg;gl;l mikr;Rf;fspd; nrayhsh;fspd; fUj;Jf;fisf; NfhUjy; Ntz;Lk;. 12:10:2 njhopDl;gj; juj;ijr; Nru;ej ; cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtUf;Fk; jkpo; nkhop cgNahfg;gLj;jg;gLfpd;w khtl;lq;fspy; gzpahw;Wtjw;F tpNrlkhf Ml;Nru;gG ; nra;ag;gLfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtUf;Fk; murfUk nkhopapd; I Mk; juj;jpy; khj;jpuk; Nju;r;rp ngWtjw;F gzpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 12:10:3 mur fUknkhopapy; Nju;rr ; pngw Ntz;Lnkd tpjpf;fg;gLk; Gjpjhfr; NrUk; cj;jpNahfj;ju;fs; midtUf;Fk;> mtu;fsJ epakdj;jpd; gpd;du; mur fUknkhopapy; Nju;rr ; papidg; ngWtjw;F> MW (06) khj fhyj;Jf;F KOr; rk;gsj;Jldhd trjpfs; nra;J nfhLf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. mjd; gpd;du; chpa Nju;rr ; pg; guPli ; rf;F mtu; Njhw;w Ntz;Lnkd;gNjhL> mtu; me;jg; guPli ; rapy; rpj;jpailaj; jtwpdhy; KOr; rk;gsj;Jldhd MW (06) khj fhyg; gFjpapd; gpd;du; tUfpd;w ,uz;L tUl fhyg; gFjpapDs; jdJ tof;fkhd flikfisg; GupifapNyNa ,e;jg; guPli ; rapy; rpj;jpailtjw;F mtUf;Fr; re;ju;gg ; k; toq;fg;gLk;. Fwpj;j ,uz;liu tUl fhyg;gFjpf;Fs; guPli ; rapy; rpj;jpailaj; jtwpd; mtuJ Nrit KbTWj;jg;gLk;. 12:10:4 mur fUknkhopapy; Nju;rr ; p ngw;Ws;s cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; jkpo; nkhopapy; Fwpj;j guPli ; rf;Fj; Njhw;wNtz;Lnkd;gNjhL> ,jw;Fg; nghUj;jkhd Cf;Ftpg;Gf;fs; mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jUf;F toq;fg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. 12:10:5 Fwpj;j mur fUknkhopj; Nju;rr ; pg; guPli ; rapy; rpj;jpailaj; jtwpaik fhuzkhf khj;jpuk; jkJ epakdq;fs; cWjp nra;ag;glhj my;yJ jkJ rk;gsNtw;wq;fs; ,y;yhkw;Nghd cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUth; mtUf;fhd Xa;T+jpaj;ij my;yJ gzpf;nfhiliag; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tij ,ayr; nra;Ak; nghUl;L ,e;epge;jidfis mth; G+h;jj ; p nra;ahikia ftdj;jpw; nfhs;shJ mtuJ Nritia KbTWj;j Kd;du; mtuJ epakdj;ij epue;jukhf;Fjy; Ntz;Lk;. mtu; ,isg;ghWk; re;ju;gg ; j;jpy; ,Ue;j juj;jpy; ,ilepWj;jg;gl;l rk;gsNtw;wq;fis Vida vy;yh tpjj;jpYk; mtu; <l;bapUe;jhy; mit
24

mj;jpahak; II

mtUf;F kPzL ; k; toq;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. ,Ug;gpDk; mtUf;F Fwpg;gpl;l rk;gsNtw;wq;fs; khw;wg;glhky; nrYj;jg;gl;bUg;gpd; mtu; mile;jpUf;f Ntz;ba rk;gsg; gbepiyapy; mku;jj ; g;gl;lhYk; $l rk;gsNtw;wq;fspd; VNjDk; epYitj; njhif nrYj;jg;glkhl;lhJ. 12:10:6 Fwpj;j fhyg; gFjpapDs; mur fUknkhop Nju;rr ; pg; guPli ; rapy; rpj;jpailahj mj;Jld; ,jd; fhuzkhf gjtpAau;TfSf;F gpujp$ykhd tpjj;jpy; ghjpg;Ngw;gl;bUg;gpDk; ePbf;fg;gl;Ls;s fhyg; gFjpapDs; guPli ; rapy; rpj;jpaile;j cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtUf;F gjtpAau;Tfs; toq;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. Fwpj;j fhyg; gFjpapy; Nju;rr ; p ngw;Wf; nfhz;ljd; tpisthfg; gjtpAau;T ngw;wtu;fSf;F fPo; epiyapy; ,Uf;Fk; tpjj;jpy; mtu; mku;jj ; g;glyhk;. 12:10:7 Kd;ghfr; Nru;ej ; jkpo; cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; rpNul;l fy;tpr; rhd;wpjo; guPli ; rf;Fj; Njitahd juj;ijf; nfhz;l jkpo; nkhopg; guPli ; rnahd;wpy; rpj;jpaile;jpUg;gpd; ,uz;lhk; nkhop njhlu;gpyhd guPli ; rapy; rpj;jpailtjpypUe;J mtiu tpLtpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 12:10:8 ,uz;lhk; nkhop njhlu;gpyhd fl;lis mKy;gLj;jg;gl;likapdhy; rk;gsNtw;w eyd; ,y;yhkw;Nghd vtNuDk; Kd;ghfr; Nru;ej ; jkpo; cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F mt;thW ,y;yhkw;Nghd eyd;fs; epYitj; njhif nrYj;jg;glhky; 1980 A+iy khjk; 09 Mk; jpfjpapypUe;J toq;fg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. 12:10:9 12:10:1> 12:10:2> 12:10:3> 12:10:4> 12:10:5> 12:10:6> 12:10:7> Mfpa cg gpupTfspYs;s Vw;ghLfspd; fPo; toq;fg;gl;Ls;s rYiffSk; 1980 A+iy 09 Mk; jpfjpapypUe;J mKYf;FtUk;. 12:11 jFjp$u; epiyf; fhyj;jpw;fikthfNth my;yJ gjtpapy; epue;jukhf;fg;gLk; Nehf;fj;JlNdh epakpf;fg;gl;l xt;NthH cj;jpNahfj;jUk;; mj;jifa fhyj;jpDs; murfUk nkhopapy; gzpGhptjw;F NghjpasT mwpitg; ngwy; Ntz;Lk;. 12:12 khjr; rk;gsj;jpy; gzpf;fku;jj ; g;gl;l vtNuDk; xUtu; jdJ gjtpiaj; Jwg;gjw;F tpUk;gpdhy; me;epakpg;Gf; fbjj;jpy;> xUkhjj;jpw;Ff; $Ljyhd fhyk; Kd;$l;bNa mwptpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lnkd tpjpff ; g;gl;buhtpl;lhy; Mff;Fiwe;jJ xU khj fhyj;jpw;F Kd;NgDk; vOj;J %yk; mwptpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. mt;thwpd;Nwy; mjw;Fg; gjpyhf xUkhj Ntjdj;ijf; nfhLj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 12:12:1 1 khjr; rk;gsj;jpy; gzpf;fku;jj ; g;gl;l xUtupd; Nritia murhq;fk; epWj;Jtjw;F tpUk;gpdhy; (mthpd; epakpg;G epajpfSf;F mikthf) mg;gzpahsUf;F xU khjj;jpw;F Ke;jpa Kd;dwptpj;jy; nfhLf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. my;yJ mjw;Fg; gjpyhf xU khj Ntjdk; toq;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 12:12:2 ehl;rk;gsj;jpy; gzpf;fku;jj ; g;gl;l xUtiug; nghWj;jkl;by; epakpg;Gf; fbjj;jpy; mj;jifa epge;jid tpjpf;fg;gl;lhy; md;wp mj;jifa Kd;$l;ba mwptpj;jy; Njitapy;iy. 12:12:3 ,e;jg; gpuptpy; khjk;" vd;Dk; NghJ khjnkhd;wpd; VNjDk; jpfjpnahd;wpypUe;J mjd;gpd;du; tUk; khjj;jpd; mj; jpfjpAld; ,yf;f uPjpapy; xj;jpaYk; jpfjp tiuapyhd fhyg; gFjpahFk;.

13. 13. gjpy; epakpg;G


13:1 mur Nritapy; gpd;tUkhwhFk;: rfy gjpy; epakpg;Gf;fSk; nra;ag;gl Ntz;baJ

(m) Fwpj;Jiuf;fg;gl;l rl;lf; fl;lisnahd;wpd; fPo; jtpu mur cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtUf;F Nkyjpfg; gjtpnahd;wpy; KOikahf flikahw;Wtjw;F my;yJ mur NritapYk; mur

25

mj;jpahak; II

$l;Lj;jhgdnkhd;wpd; xU gjtpf;Ff; $Ljyhd vz;zpf;ifapy; flikahw;Wtjw;Fj; NjitNaw;gbd; mt;thW nra;ag;gl Ntz;baJ mikr;ruitapd; mq;ff P huj;JlNdahFk;. (M) mikr;ruitapdhy; epakpf;fg;glhj cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; rk;ge;jkhdtplj;J> gjtpnahd;iw cz;ikahfNt tfpf;fpd;wtu; ,y;yhjNghNjh my;yJ jw;fhypfg; gjtpnahd;iw epug;Gtjw;F my;yJ jkJ flikfSf;F Nkyjpfkhf gjtpnahd;wpy; gjpy; flikahw;Wtjw;fhf epakpf;fg;gl Ntz;baJ epakpg;Gr; nra;Ak; mjpfhupapd; mq;ff P huj;JlNdahFk;. 13:1:1 ,q;F 4:1 Mk; gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s gjtpfSf;Fg; gjpy; epakdq;fs; nra;ag;gLifapy; cg gpupTfs; 5:1:2 ,y; ,Ue;J 5:1:3 tiuapy; tpjpf;fg;gl;l eilKiwapidg; gpd;gw;Wjy; Ntz;Lk;. 13:1:2 gjpy; epakdj;Jf;fhf ghpe;Jiu nra;ag;gLfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jh; mq;ff P upf;fg;gl;l Ml;Nru;g;Gj; jpll ; j;jpd; epajpfspd; gb rfy jifikfisAk; ngw;Ws;shuh vd;gijj; njspthff; Fwpg;gpLjy; Ntz;Lk;. 13:2 VNjDnkhU gjtpapy; jw;fhypfkhf ntw;wplk; Vw;gl;Ltpl;l xNu fhuzj;jpw;fhf gjpy; flikf;fhf xUtiu epakpg;Gr; nra;af;$lhJ. jw;fhypfkhf ntw;wplkhf ,Uf;Fk; gjtpapd; flikfis tpidj;jpwd; ghjpf;fg;glhj tz;zk; jpizf;fsj;jpd; Vida cj;jpNahfj;jh;fspilNa gfpu;ej ; spf;f KbAkhd ve;jnthU re;jh;gg ; j;jpYk; gjpy; epakpg;Gr; nra;af;$lhJ. Xu; cj;jpNahfj;juplkpUe;J vjpu;ghu;ff ; g;gLfpd;w jpwikia cgNahfpj;J epahakhd mstpy; Xu; mur Nritapidr; nra;J Kbf;f KbAkhdhy; Ntjdk; ngWk; mj;jifa cj;jpNahfj;jiu> mj;jifa Ntiy mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jupd; Ntiyg; gug;gpd; fPo; Neubahftuhj NghjpYk; Nkyjpf Cjpak; ,y;yhkNyNa nra;AkhW Nfhu murhq;fj;jpw;F cupikAz;L. 13:3 epiyahd epakpg;nghd;W nra;ag;gLk; tiuapy; jw;fhypf eltbf;ifahf kl;LNk gjpy; epakpg;Gr; nra;ag;gly; Ntz;Lk;. KO Neuk; Ntiy nra;Ak; cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUthpd; Nrit mg;gjtpf;Fj; njhlu;eJ ; k; Njitg;gbd; fhyjhkjkpd;wp mg;gjtpf;F epiyahd epakpg;nghd;iwr; nra;jy; Ntz;Lk;. ,Ug;gpDk; KO Neuk; Ntiy nra;Ak; Xu; cj;jpNahfj;ju; Njitapy;yhtpbd; 13:2 Mk; cg gpuptpy; fhl;lg;gl;Ls;sthW mj;jpizf;fsj;jpd; Vida cj;jpNahfj;ju;fspilNa mf;flikfisg; gfpu;ej ; spj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 13:4 ntw;wplkhfTs;s gjtpnahd;Wf;F vy;yh tifapYk; KOikahd jifik ngwhj cj;jpNahfj;ju; vtiuNaDk; gjpw;flikahw;w epakpf;ff;$lhJ. 13:4:1 tpjpf;fg;gl;l jifikfisg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;fhd ghPl;irnahd;wpy; kw;Wk; /my;yJ tpidj;jpwd; fhz; jilg; ghPli ; rnahd;wpy; rpj;jpailahik fhuzkhf jdJ epue;jug; gjtpapy;> juj;jpy; my;yJ tFg;gpy; VNjDk; xU rk;gsg; Gs;spiaj; jhz;Ltjw;Fj; jtwpa cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtiu mjdpYk; ghh;ff ; cah;ej ; gjtpnahd;wpy; gjpy; flikahw;w epakpf;fg;glf; $lhJ. 13:5 Ml;Nrh;gG ; j; jpl;lj;jpy; tpjpf;fg;gl;Ls;s jifikfs; cs;s cj;jpNahfj;jh; ,y;yhj mNj Ntis ntw;wplkhfpAs;s gjtpia cldbahf epug;g Ntz;ba Njitg;ghLkpUe;jhy; flik eltbf;iffis epiwNtw;Wtjw;fhf kpfg; nghUj;jkhd cj;jpNahfj;jiu epakdk; nra;a KbAk;. 13:6 xU gjtpapy; gjpw; flik Mw;Wtjw;F my;yJ mg;gjtpapd; flikfis epiwNtw;Wtjw;F epakpf;fg;gl;l cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtupd; Ntjdk; gjpw; flikr; rk;gsk; njhlu;ghd tpjpfSf;F mikthfNt jPuk ; hdpf;fg;gLk;. 13:7 xU gjtpapy; gjpw; flik Mw;Wtjw;Nfh my;yJ gjtpapd; flikfis epiwNtw;Wtjw;Nfh Xu; cj;jpNahfj;ju; Kiwg;gb epakpg;G mjpfhupapdhy; epakpf;fg;gl;lhyd;wp mtUf;F Nkyjpf Ntjdhjpfs; toq;fg;glh. ntw;wplkhfTs;s gjtpnahd;wpd; flikfisf; ftdpg;gjw;F jpizf;fs kl;lj;jpyhd xOq;nfhd;wpd;
26

mj;jpahak; II

fPo; mf;flikfisf; ftdpf;Fk; cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F Nkyjpf Cjpaj;ijg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;fhd cupik ,Uf;fhJ.

14. 14.

KJ Kiw

14:1 epakpg;gpy; KJ Kiw: xU jpizf;fsj;jpd; ve;jnthU tFg;gpd; my;yJ juj;jpd; my;yJ Nritapd; KJKiw> 1:9 Kjy; 1:14 tiuapyhd cg gpupTfspy; nghUs; tiuaiw nra;ag;gl;lgbAk mt;tFg;Gf;F my;yJ mj;juj;Jf;Fr; nra;ag;gLk; epakpg;G my;yJ gjtpAau;T eilKiwf;F tUk; jpfjpf;fikaTk; 11.10 Mk; gphptpw;Fl;gl;L jPuk ; hdpf;fg;gLk;. 14:2 xU juj;jpy; my;yJ tFg;gpy; cs;s cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtupd; KJKiw gpd;tUk; re;ju;gg ; q;fspy; khj;jpuNk khw;wg;gl KbAk;. Fwpj;j jpfjpapy; tpidj;jpwd; jilnahd;wpy; rpj;jpailaj; jtWkplj;J> mtuJ jFjp$u; fhyvy;iy ePbf;fg;gl;Ls;stplj;J; (11:10 Mk; gphpitg; ghu;ff ; ) my;yJ xOf;fhw;Wj; jz;lidnahd;whf mtuJ KJKiw Fiwf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lnkdf; fl;lis nra;ag;gl;Ls;stplj;J. 14:3 Kd;du; tfpj;j gjtpf;F kPs mDg;Gifapy;> KJKiw : vtNuDk; cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; VyNt tfpjj ; gjtpf;F kPs mDg;gg;gl;l re;ju;gg ; j;jpy; mg;gjtpapy; my;yJ juj;jpy; mtuJ KJKiw gpd;tUk; tpjpfSf;F mikthfj; jPuk ; hdpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 14:3:1 xOf;fhw;W eltbf;ifnahd;whf Xu; cj;jpNahfj;ju; jukpwf;fg;gl;L mtu; Kd;G tfpj;j Fiwe;j juj;Jf;F my;yJ gjtpf;F khw;wg;gl;lhy; mf; Fiwe;j juj;jpy; my;yJ mg;gjtpapy; mj;jifa khw;wj;jpd; kPjhd mtuJ KJKiw xof;fhw;W mjpfhupapd; fl;lisf;F mikthfj; jPuk ; hdpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 14:3:2 gjtpnahd;W xopf;fg;gl;ljd; fhuzkhf my;yJ kpif fhuzkhf chpa epakpg;G mjpfhhpapd; mq;ff P huj;Jld; cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; mtu; Kd;G tfpj;j gjtpf;F my;yJ juj;Jf;F kPs mDg;gg;gl;lhy; mg;gjtpapy; my;yJ juj;jpy; mtuJ KJKiw mf;Fwpg;gpl;l gjtpapy; my;yJ juj;jpy; mtUf;Fupa nkhj;j Nritf; fhyj;jpid mbg;gilahff; nfhz;L jhgdg; gzpg;ghsu; mq;ff P huj;Jld; jPuk ; hdpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. mg; gjtpapy; my;yJ juj;jpy; cs;s cj;jpNahfj;jupd; Nritf; fhyj;jpw;F rkkhd my;yJ mjdpYk; ghh;ff ; f; $Ljyhd Nritf;fhynkhd;Ws;s midj;J cj;jpNahfj;ju;fSf;Fk; mth; fdpl;luhfNt ,Ug;ghu; vd;gJ jhd; ,jd; nghUshFk;. mtu; tpidj;jpwd; fhz; jilg; guPli ; rapy; rpj;jp ngwhtplj;J mg;ghPli ; rapy; rpj;jpaile;J gjtp cau;T ngw;w cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUthpd; KJepiyf;F NkNyAs;s KJepiynahd;W toq;fg;glf;$lhJ. 14:3:3 Xu; cj;jpNahfj;ju; mtuJ nrhe;j Ntz;LNfhspd; NgupYk; chpa epakpg;Gr; nra;Ak; mjpfhupapd; mq;ff P huj;JlDk; mtu; Kd;G tfpj;j gjtpf;F kPs mDg;gp itf;fg;gl;lhy;; mJ GJ epakpg;ghfNt fzpf;fg;gLtNjhL mtuJ KJKiwAk; mt;thW kPs mDg;gp itf;fg;gl;l jpfjpf;fikaNt jPuk ; hdpf;fg;gLk;. ,Ug;gpDk;> VII Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; 6:3:1 Mk; cg gpuptpd; epajpfspd;gb jhgdg; gzpg;ghsu; mjpgjpapd; mq;ff P huj;Jld; mj;jifa cj;jpNahfj;jh; mtupd; Muk;g Ntjdj;jpYk; ghu;ff ; cau;ej ; gbapy; mike;j Ntjdj;jpy; mkh;jj ; g;gLkplj;J> mtupd; KJKiw> mtu; gjtpiaj; Jwe;j Neuk; tiuapy; mg; gjtpapy; mtu; Nrit nra;jpUe;j fhy msT> mt; Ntjd msTj; jpl;lj;jpd; Muk;g epiyapy; epakpg;Gr; nra;ag;gl;l xUtu; mt;Ntjdg; gbapid miltjw;F vLf;ff;$ba fhy msT Mfpa ,uz;by; vJ FWfpaNjh mkw;fikaTk; jhgdg; gzpg;ghsu; mjpgjpapd; mq;ff P huj;Jld; jPuk ; hdpf;fg;gl KbAk;. 14:3:4 murhq;f Nritf;F ntspapy; Nrit nra;tjw;fhfj; jw;fhypfkhf tpLtpf;fg;gl;l Xu; cj;jpNahfj;ju; (V Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; 2 Mk; gpuptpw;

27

mj;jpahak; II

fhz;f) cupa tpidj;jpwikfhz; jilg; guPli ; rfspy; rpj;jpaile;jpUg;gJld; mtUf;F toq;fg;gl;l rk;gskw;w yPT Xa;T+jpag; gpukhzf; Fwpg;gpd; Nehf;fq;fSf;fhf murhq;f nfhs;if njhlu;ghd tplaq;fspd; kPJ toq;fg;gl;ljhf fUjg;gLkplj;Jk; jdJ gjtpapy; my;yJ juj;jpy; jdf;Fs;s KJKiwf;Fg; ghjpg;nghd;W epfohJ. 14:3:5 rk;gskw;w yPT Xa;T+jpag; gpukhzf; Fwpg;gpd; 10(1) Mk; gpuptpd; Nehf;fj;Jf;fhd murhq;ff; nfhs;ifapd; mbg;gilapy; toq;fg;gl;l xd;whf ,y;yhjtplj;J my;yJ mt;thW toq;fg;gl;l xd;whff; fUjg;glhjtplj;J cj;jpNahfj;jh; jw;fhypfkhf tpLtpf;fg;gl;bUe;j fhyg;gFjp KJikapd; nghUl;Lf; fzpf;fg;glkhl;lhnjd;gJld; jw;fhypfkhf tpLtpf;fg;gl;l jpfjpad;W mj;jifa cj;jpNahfj;ju; mg; gjtpapy; my;yJ juj;jpy; gzpGhpe;j nkhj;jf; fhyg; gFjpapYk; ghh;ff ; f;$bafhynkhd;W> mth; jdJ gioa gjtpf;F kPs tUfpd;w jpfjpad;iwf;F gzpGhpe;jpUe;j cj;jpNahfj;jh;fspYk; ghh;ff ; mth; fdpl;luhfNt ,Ug;ghu;. 14:4 kPs Ntiyf;fku;jJ ; tjpy; KJKiw: gpd;tUk; cg gpupTfspd; tpjpfSf;fikthfNt kPs Ntiyf;fku;jJ ; k;NghJ KJKiw jPuk ; hdpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;.. 14:4:1 ,isg;ghwpa cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; mtu; ,isg;ghwpa mNj gjtpapy; my;yJ juj;jpy; kPsTk; Ntiyf;fku;jj ; g;gl;lhy; mtuJ KJKiw mtu; ,isg;ghwpa gjtpapy; my;yJ juj;jpy; ,isg;ghWk; Njjp tiuapy; Nrit nra;j fhyj;jpd;gbNa jPuk ; hdpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 14:4:2 cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; ,isg;ghwpa NghJ tfpj;j gjtp my;yJ juk; jtpu;ej ; NtnwhU tFg;gpy; my;yJ juj;jpy; kPs Ntiyf;fku;jj ; g;gl;lhy; mtuJ KJKiw mtu; kPs Ntiyf;fku;jj ; g;gl;l Njjpg;gb jPuk ; hdpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 14:4:3 Nfl;Ltpyfy;> gjtpiaj; Jwj;jy;> mjpUg;jpahd Ntiy my;yJ elj;ij fhuznkhd;wpdhy; Ke;jpa Nrit KbTWj;jg;gl;l Xh; cj;jpNahfj;jh; jpUk;gTk; Ntiyapy; mku;jj ; g;gl;lhy; mtu; jdJ gioa Nritiaf; fzf;fpnyLj;J KJKiw cupiknahd;iwf; NfhUtjw;F cupikAilatu; Mfhu;. mtupd; KJKiw mtu; jpUk;gTk; Ntiyf;fku;jj ; g;gl;l jpfjpapypUe;Nj jPuk ; hdpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;.

15. 15.

tpidj;jpwikfhz; jil

15:1 tpidj;jpwikfhz; jilnahd;wpw;F mg;ghy; toq;fg;gLfpd;w gjtpAah;T> chpa gjtp juk; my;yJ Nrit njhlh;ghd Ml;Nrh;g;Gj; jpl;lj;jpdhy; fl;Lg;gLj;jg;gLk;. 15:2 Xu; cj;jpNahfj;ju; tpidj;jpwikfhz; jilnahd;wpw;F mg;ghy; gjtp cau;T nra;ag;gLk; Kd;G mtu; mj;jifa gjtp cau;Tf;F xt;nthU mk;rj;jpYk; jFjpahdtnudj; jpizf;fsj; jiytupdhy; rhd;wpjo; toq;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. tpidj;jpwd; jilf;F NkyhfTs;s Ntjdg;gb toq;fg;gLfpd;w KjyhtJ rk;gsg; gl;baYld; mr;rhd;wpjo; ,izf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. jpizf;fsj; jiytnuhUth; njhlu;ghd ,r;rhd;wpjo; nrayhsuhy; toq;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 15:3 re;ju;gg ; j;jpw;Nfw;wthW mikr;rpd; nrayhsu; my;yJ jpizf;fsj; jiytu; tpidj;jpwd; jilf;F Nkyhd gjtp cau;Tf;fhf tpjpf;fg;gl;Ls;s rfy epge;jidfisAk; mt;Tj;jpNahfj;ju; G+u;jj ; p nra;Js;shu; vd;Wk;> re;ju;gg ; j;Jf;Nfw;wthW mt;Tj;jpNahfj;ju; mLj;j tpidj;jpwikfhz; jilapidNah my;yJ mtu; jdJ Ntjdj; jpl;lj;jpy; mjpNky; epiyapidNah miltjw;F Kd;ghfTs;s fhyj;jpy; mtUf;nfdf; Fwpj;njhJf;fg;glf;$ba flikfisf; $l jpwikAld; nra;aKbAnkdj; jpUg;jpg;gl;lhnyhopa mr;rhd;wpjio toq;ff; $lhJ.

28

mj;jpahak; II

15:3:1 tpidj;jpwikfhz; jilnahd;Wf;F Nkyhd gjtp cau;tpd; epge;jidnahd;whf guPli ; rnahd;wpy; rpj;jpngw Ntz;Lnkd ,Uf;Fkplj;J> mtu; mg;guPli ; rapy; rpj;jpaile;j Njjp rhd;wpjopy; Fwpf;fg;gl;bUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 15:3:2 mj;jifa guPli ; rapy; rpj;jp va;j jpfjpahff; fUjg;gl Ntz;ba jpfjp njhlh;ghf 1:14 Mk; cg gpupitg; ghh;ff ; Tk;. 15:4 tpidj;jpwikfhz; jilf;F Nkyhfg; gjtp cau;T nra;ag;gLtjw;F Xu; cj;jpNahfj;ju; jFjpaw;wtu; vd KbT nra;ag;gl;lhy; me;j Kbtpid mjw;fhd fhuzq;fSld; mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jUf;F vOj;jpy; mwptpf;f Ntz;Lk;. mj;jifa KbT mtu; tpidj;jpwik fhz; jilapy; Nju;r;rp ngWk; tiuapy; mtUf;F toq;ftpUf;Fk; Vw;wj;jpd; jhkjpg;nghd;whfr; nraw;g ; Lj;jg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. mt;thwhapd;> ; gjtp cau;Tf;F mth; jFjp cilatu; vdf; fzpf;fg;gLk; tiuapy; xt;nthU tUl KbtpYk; my;yJ NjitNaw;gbd; mjw;F Kd;ghf mtuJ tplak; guprPypf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 15:4:1 VNjDk; xU tpNrl VJ fhuzkhf jhgdg;gzpg;ghsu; mjpgjpapd; mq;ff P huj;Jld; tpidj;jpwd; jilg; guPli ; rapy; Xu; cj;jpNahfj;ju; rpj;jpnaa;Jtjw;fhd fhyePbg;Gf; nfhLf;fg;gl;lhy; mt;Tj;jpNahfj;ju; mDkjpf;fg;ngw;w ePbg;Gf; fhyj;jpy; Vw;wq;fisg; (tpdj;jpwd; jilf;F Nkyhd) ngWtjw;F mDkjpf;fg;glyhk;. mt;thW mDkjpf;fg;gl;l ePbg;Gf; fhyj;jpy; mth; tpidj;jpwikfhz; jilg; guPli ; rapy; rpj;jpnaa;jhtpl;lhy; mj;jifa ePbg;Gf; fhyk; Kbtile;j gpd; Vw;gLk; Vw;wk;> tpidj;jpwikfhz; jilg; guPli ; rapy; rpj;jpnaa;Jtjw;F mDkjpf;fg;gl;l fhyj;Jf;F Nkyjpfkhf vLf;Fk; fhy msTf;fhd jhkjpg;ghfr; nray;gLj;jg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 15:5 tpdj;jpwikfhz; jilf;F Nkyhf gjtp cau;T nra;af; $lhnjd;W jpizf;fsj; jiytu; vLj;j KbTf;nfjpuhf Xu; cj;jpNahfj;ju; nghJ epUthf mikr;rpd; nrayhshplk; Nkd;KiwaPL nra;ayhk;. Mdhy;> mj;jifa gjtp cau;Tf;fhd jifiknad tpjpf;fg;gl;l guPli ; rnahd;wpy; rpj;jp va;jj; jtwpa fhuzj;jhy; Xu; cj;jpNahfj;jupd; tpidj;jpwikfhz; jilf;F Nkyhfg; gjtpAau;T jilnra;ag;gl;Ls;s re;jh;gg ; q;fspy; Nkd;KiwaPnlhd;iwr; rkh;gg ; pf;f KbahJ. 15:6 ,yq;if nghwpapay; NritapNyh> ,yq;if fzf;fhsu; NritapNyh> ,yq;if epUthf NritapNyh> ,yq;if tpQ;Qhd NritapNyh cs;s cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtiug; nghWj;j tiu tpidj;jpwik fhz; jilf;F Nkyhd gjtp cau;T rk;ge;jg;gl;l ve;jnthU jPuk ; hdKk; vLf;fg;gl Ntz;baJ nghJ epUthf mikr;rpd; nrayhsupdhyhFk;.
15:7 tpidj; jpwikfhz; jilg; guPli ; rnahd;wpypUe;J rpj;jpailAk; NjitapypUe;J Xu; cj;jpNahfj;jiu tpLtpf;f KbAkhtJ nghJ epUthf mikr;rpd; nrayhsupdhy; khj;jpuNkahFk;. mj;jifa tpLtpg;nghd;W mjw;F mq;ff P huk; toq;fg;gl;l jpfjpapypUe;J kl;LNk eilKiwf;F tUk;. mjd; fhuzkhf fle;j fhyj;jpw;Fhpa ve;jg; gad;fisAk;; ngWtjw;F chpj;JilatuhfhH.

16. 16.

jpizf;fsg; guPli ; rfs;


gjtpAau;T> tpidj; jpwikfhz; jilf;F Mfpatw;Wf;fhf tpjpf;fg;gl;l jpizf;fsg; Ntz;Lk;. mj;jifa guPli ; rfis cupa jiytu; nghWg;gha; ,Uj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.

16:1 gjtpapy; epue;jukhf;Fjy;> ; Nkyhy; gjtp cau;T toq;Fjy; guPli ; rfSf;Fk; jpl;lk; tiuag;gly; jpfjpfspy; elhj;Jtjw;F jpizf;fsj;

16:2 mj;jifa rfy guPli ; rj; jpl;lq;fSk; chpa mikr;rpd; nrayhsuhy; mq;ff P upf;fg;gl Ntz;Lnkd;gNjhL nghUj;jkhditaha; ,Uf;Fkplj;J jhgdg; gzpg;ghsu; mjpgjpapd; mq;ff P huj;Jf;fhfr; rku;gg ; pf;fg;gLfpd;w Ml;Nru;gG ; j; jpl;lq;fspy; my;yJ gjtp cau;Tj; jpl;lq;fspy; Nru;f;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;.

29

mj;jpahak; II

16:3 mj;Jld; mwptpj;jy; tpz;zg;gq;fs; KbTWk; jpfjpf;F Fiwe;jJ %d;W thuq;fSf;F Kd;NgDk; nfhLf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. mikr;rpd; nrayhsu; my;yJ jpizf;fsj; jiytu; my;yJ> ,yq;if nghwpapay; Nrit my;yJ ,yq;if tpQ;Qhd Nrit Mfpatw;iw nghWj;jkl;by;> nghwpapayhsu; Nritr; rigapd; jiytUk; tpQ;Qhd Nritr; rigapd; nrayhsUk; guPli ; rnahd;W eilngwNtz;ba jpfjpia murhq;f tu;jj ; khdpapy; mwptpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.

17. 17. Kd;dhs; gilr; Nritahsu;fSf;Fr; rYiffs;


17:1 murhq;f Nritapy; my;yJ murhq;f $l;Lj;jhgdq;fspy; njhopy; tha;gn ; ghd;W toq;fg;glf; fUjg;gLfpd;w MAjg; gil Nritnahd;wpd; Kd;dhs; gilr; Nritahsu;fSf;F gpd;tUk; rYiffs; toq;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. (m) taJ - Kd;dhs; gilr; Nritahsu; xuptupd; tajpypUe;J mtu; epue;jug; gilazpapy; Nritahw;wpa fhyg;gFjpia fopj;jtplj;J> tpz;zg;gpf;fpd;w gjtpf;Fupa Mff;$ba tanjy;iyf;Fs; tUtjw;F mtUf;F ,aYkhapd; mf; fhyvy;iyia mtuJ tajpypUe;J fopj;jy;.

(M) fy;tpj; jifikfs; ; j; jpl;lj;jpy; jifikfs; - gjtpnahd;Wf;Fupa Ml;Nru;gG Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s Mff;Fiwe;j fy;tpj; jifikapYk; ghHf;f Fiwthd mLj;j epiyf;Ff; Fiwj;jy;. (,) njhopDl;gj; jifikfs; - njhopDl;gj; jifikfis kjpg;gpLk; NghJ MAjg;gilr; Nritfspd; njhopDl;gg; gpupTfspy; Nritahw;wpa fhyg;gFjpapy; ngw;Wf; nfhz;l Nju;rr ; p kw;Wk; mDgtk; vd;gtw;iw ftdj;jpw; nfhs;Sjy;. epakpf;ifapy; rk;gsk; Vw;GilajhFk;. VII Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; Vw;ghLfs;

(<)

17:2 ,e;jg; gpuptpd; Nehf;fj;Jf;fhf Kd;dhs; gilr; Nritahsu;" vd;Dk; NghJ Xa;Tngw;w my;yJ jdJnrhe;jr; Nritf;fhyj;ij G+u;jj ; p nra;j my;yJ MAjg; gil NritapypUe;J tpyfpa cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; my;yJ tPuu; xUtu; vdg; nghUs;gLk;.

30

mj;jpahak;

III

,lkhw;wq;fs; 1.
2. 3. 4. 5. 6. nghJ ,lkhw;wk; tpjpj;jw;Fupa mjpfhuk; ,lkhw;wr; rigfs; ,lkhw;wk; gw;wpa mwptpj;jy; jy; jy Nkd;KiwaPlL ; r; rigfs; ,lkhw;wq;fs; ml;ltiz njhlu;ghd eltbf;iffs; rhu; fhy

31

mj;jpahak; III
,lkhw;wq;fs;
1. nghJ
1:1 ,lkhw;wq;fs; ntWk; tof;F Kiwg; nghUl;Lr; nra;ag;glyhfh. tpUk;gj;jfhj epiyaj;jpy; Nritahw;wpa cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; tpUk;gj;jFkplj;jpw;F khw;Wk;gb NfhUk; Ntz;LNfhis epiwNtw;Wjw; nghUl;Nl ,lkhw;wq;fs; nghJthf Nkw;nfhs;sg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. mt;thwpd;Nwy; tpNrl epUthff; fhuzq;fs; nghUl;L> Ntz;lg;gLkplj;J ,lkhw;wq;fs; nra;ag;gLk;. 1:2 ,lkhw;wr; rigapdhy; jpizf;fsq;fspd; tpNrl Njitfs; kw;Wk; njhopy;El;g khw;wq;fSf;fika kPsha;T nra;ag;gLk; Njit ftdj;jpw; nfhs;sg;gl;L tFf;fg;gLfpd;w ,lkhw;w jpl;lj;jpw;fikaNt ,lkhw;wq;fs; nra;ag;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 1:3 ,lkhw;wf; fl;lisnahd;W fpilf;fg;ngw;Ws;s cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtUf;F mtuJ Gjpa Nrit epiyaj;ijf; Fwpj;j Njjpapy; nrd;wilaf;$bathW NghjpasT Neu fhyj;Jld; ntspNaw mDkjpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 1:4 ,lkhw;wk; jpizf;fsq;fSf;Fk;> Vw;Gilajhfh. njhlh;ghd tpNrl eilKiw nghyP]; Nritf;Fk; ,t;tj;jpahaj;jpd; fhzg;gLfpd;w 4 Mk; gphpT

2.

,lkhw;wk; tpjpjj ; w;Fupa mjpfhuk;

2:1 mur cj;jpNahfj;ju;fis ,lkhw;wk; nra;Ak; nghWg;G murpayikg;gpd; %yk; mikr;ruitf;Ff; ifaspf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. 2:2 mikr;ruitapd; %yk; epakdQ; nra;ag;glhj cj;jpNahfj;ju;fs; rk;ge;jkhd mjpfhuq;fs; mikr;ruitapdhy; murhq;f Nritfs; Mizf;FOTf;F ifaspf;fg;gl;Ls;sNjhL> murhq;f Nritfs; Mizf;FOthdJ ,lkhw;wk; gw;wpa mjpfhuq;fis murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;ju;fSf;Ff; ifaspj;Js;sJ. 2:3 1. 2. tif jpizf;fsj; jiytu;>murhq;f mjpgu;> Nkyjpfr; nrayhsu;> mikr;nrhd;wpd; rpNul;l cjtpr; nrayhsu; ,ize;j Nritfisr; Nru;ej ; gjtp epiy murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; (m) (M) (,) 3. mikr;Rf;F ntspNa mikr;Rf;fSs;Ns jpizf;fsj;jpDs;Ns ,lkhw;wk; nra;Ak; mjpfhuk; mikr;ruit

nghJ epUthf mikr;rpd; nrayhsu;. chpa mikr;rpd; nrayhsu; jpizf;fsj; jiytu; cupa mikr;rpd; nrayhsu;> mikr;nrhd;wpd; fPo; tuhjtplj;J jpizf;fsj; jiyth;

(m) ,ize;j NritfSf;Fs; cs;slf;fg;glhj gjtpepiy murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtu;

32

mj;jpahak; III

tif

,lkhw;wk; nra;Ak; mjpfhuk;

(M) ,ize;j NritfSf;Fs; cs;slf;fg;glhj fzf;fha;T jpizf;fsj;jpdJk; Nju;jy;fs;; jpizf;fsj;jpdJk; gjtp epiy murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtu; rdhjpgjpapd; nrayhsH

4. ,ize;j Nritfisr; Nru;ej ; gjtpepiyj;; juj;ijr; rhuhj murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; (m) mikr;Rf;F ntspNa (M) mikr;Rf;Fs;Ns (,) jpizf;fsj;jpDs;Ns ,ize;j Nritfs; gzpg;ghsu; chpa mikr;rpd; nrayhsu; jpizf;fsj; jiytu;

5. ,ize;j NritfSf;Fs; cs;slf;fg;glhjtUk; gjtpepiyj; juj;ijr; rhuhjtUkhd murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtu; (m) mikr;Rf;Fs;Ns (M) jpizf;fsj;jpDs;Ns chpa mikr;rpd; nrayhsu; jpizf;fsj; jiytu;

Xh; mikr;rpd; fPo; nra;ag;gLk; ,ize;j Nritiar; Nru;ej ; cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtupd; ,lkhw;wkhdJ nghJ epUthf mikr;rpd; nrayhsUf;F mwptpf;fg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;.

3. ,lkhw;wr; rigfs;
3:1 ,q;F gpupT 3:2 ,y; Fwpf;fg;gl;Ls;s re;ju;gg ; q;fs; ePqf ; yhf ,lkhw;wk; nra;Ak; mjpfhup ,lkhw;wr; rigapd; MNyhridf;fikaNt nraw;gL;jy; Ntz;Lk;. gpupT 3:2 ,y; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s re;ju;gg ; q;fspy; Kw;WKOjhf chpa mjpfhupapd; jw;Wzpgpd;gb ,lkhw;wq;fisr; nra;ayhk;. 3:2 ,lkhw;wr; rigfs; gpd;tUk; tifrhu; ,lkhw;wq;fs; njhlh;ghf nrayhw;wf; $lhJ. epiya ,lkhWif rk;ge;jg;glhj ,lkhw;wnkhd;W. xOf;fhw;Wf; fhuzk; nghUl;lhd ,lkhw;wnkhd;W Nritapd; mtrpa Njit Nehf;fpr; nra;ag;gLk; ,lkhw;wnkhd;W. ,lkhw;wj;jf;f gzpahsu;fs; 25 NgupYk; Fiwe;j njhifapdiuf; nfhz;l jpizf;fsnkhd;wpd; ,lkhw;wq;fs;;. 3:3 ,lkhw;wj;jf;f 25 my;yJ mjdpYk; $ba njhifapdiuf; nfhz;l gzpahsu;fs;; cs;s xt;nthU jpizf;fsj;jpYk; ,lkhw;wr;rig xd;Nwh mjw;F Nkw;gl;ldNth epWtg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. 3:4 xNu jpizf;fsj;jpd; gy;NtW NritfSf;Fhpa ,lkhw;wj;jf;f gzpahsu; njhif> jdpj;jdpr; rigfs; epWtg;gLtij mthTk; mstpw;F mjpfkhapd;> jpizf;fsj;jpYs;s mt;ntht;nthU NritiaAk; rhu;ej ; cj;jpNahfj;ju;fSf;fhf jdpj;jdpr; rig tPjk; epWtg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. (cjhuzk;: Rfhjhuj; jpizf;fsj;jpy;> kUj;Jtu;fspd; jhjpkhu;fspd; ,lkhw;wk; rk;ge;jkhf nrayhw;w Ntz;baJ mt;ntht;nthU NritfSf;Fkhf jhgpf;fg;gl;Ls;s rigfspdhyhFk;.) 3:5 (m) ,e;j ,lkhw;wr; rignahd;W> ,lkhw;w Nkd;KiwaPlL ; r; rigf;fhfg; ngau;Fwpf;fg;gl;l cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUth; jtpu;ej ; Kfhikj;Jtg; gpuptpd; ,U gpujpepjp (mjhtJ jpizf;fsj;jpd; rpNul;l gpujp jiytnuhUth;> jpizf;fsj;jpd; jhgd tplaj;Jf;Fg; nghWg;ghd gjtpepiy cj;jpNahfj;ju;)fisAk; (M)(i) jpizf;fsj;jpNyh my;yJ Fwpj;j NritapNyh cs;s nkhj;j cj;jpNahfj;ju;fspd; vz;zpf;ifapy; 15 rj tPjkhd my;yJ mjw;F Nkw;gl;l
33

mj;jpahak; III

cWg;gpdh;fisf; nfhz;l Fwpj;j xt;nthU njhopw;rq;fj;jpdJk; my;yJ

jpizf;fsj;jpy;

my;yJ

Nritapy;

cs;s

(ii) KONeu mbg;gilapy; njhopw;rq;f eltbf;iffSf;fhf cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; tpLtpf;fg;gl;Ls;s xt;nthU njhopw;rq;fj;jpdJk;; xt;Nthu; cWg;gpdiuAk; nfhz;bUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 3:6 VNjDNkhh; mikr;rpd; fPOs;s jpizf;fsq;fspilNa tpUk;gj;jF epiyaq;fspy; Nritahw;Wtjw;fhd tha;gG ; f;fspy; gyj;j NtWghnlhd;W fhzg;gLkplj;J> mt;tikr;rpy; gzpGhpfpd;w vOJeu; Nrit Nghd;w ,ize;j Nritfspd; cj;jpNahfj;ju;fSf;F tpUk;gj;jF epiyaq;fspy; gzpahw;Wtjw;fhd rk tha;gG ; f;fis Vw;gLj;jpf; nfhLg;gij ,ayr; nra;Ak;; tifapy; mikr;rpDs;Ns cs;s jpizf;fsq;fSf;fpilapyhd ,lkhw;wq;fis nra;jw;fhd mikr;R kl;l ,lkhw;wr; rignahd;W epWtg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. 3:7 ,ize;j Nritfs; rhu; cj;jpNahfj;ju;fis Xu; gpwpnjhd;Wf;F ,lk; khw;Wk; nghWg;G ,ize;j Nritfs; epWtg;gl;l ,lkhw;wr; rigiar; rhu;ej ; J. mikr;rpypUe;J gzpg;ghshpdhy;

3:8 ,lkhw;wr; rig xt;nthd;Wk; ,lkhw;wq;fspd; nghUl;L gpd;tUk; mk;rq;fisf; fUj;jpw; nfhz;l jpl;lnkhd;wpidj; jahupj;Jf; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. 3:8:1 rfy epiyaq;fSk; kpf tpUk;gj;jf;fit" tpUk;gj;jf;fit" tpUk;gj;jfhjit" vd;W %d;W tFjpfshfg; gphpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. tpUk;gj;jF epiyak; vd;gJ nghJthf ghlrhiy> ,y;yk; vd;w gy;NtW trjpfisf; nfhz;l epiyankhd;whFk;. ; ,d;Nwy; cj;jpNahfj;jh;fs; midtUk; Nghy; ,lkhw;wk; ngw;Wf; nry;y kpFe;j Mh;tk; fhl;Lfpd;w NtNwNjDk; Nrit epiyakhFk;. 3:8:2 xt;nthU tFjpf;FKhpa Nrit epiyankhd;wpy; gzpGuptjw;Fupa cr;rf; fhyk; epUzapf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. (cjhuzkhf ,e;jf; fhyg; gFjpahdJ tpUk;gj;jfh epiyankhd;whapd; 2 tUlq;f ; nsdTk; kpf tpUk;gj;jF epiyankhd;whapd; 4 tUlq;fnsdTk; tpjpf;fyhk;). 3:8:3 vtNuDk; cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; jpizf;fsnkhd;wpypUe;J ,d;ndhd;Wf;F ,lk; khw;wg;gl;L Gjpa jpizf;fsj;jpd; VNjDnkhU Nrit epiyaj;Jf;F epakpg;Gr; nra;ag;gLfpd;w NghJ> mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jh; Kd;G gzpahw;wpa jpizf;fsq;fspy; ntt;NtW trjpfSf;Fhpa Nrit epiyaq;fspy; flikahw;wpa Nritf;fhyKk;; fUj;jpw; nfhs;sg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. ,t;thW fUj;jpy; nfhs;sg;gl Ntz;bajw;fhd fhuzk; ahnjdpy;> VNjDnkhU jpizf;fsj;jpd; VNjDNkhh; cg mYtyfj;jpy; gzpGhpa Ntz;ba fhyg;gFjp KbtilatpUf;ifapy; NtnwhU jpizf;fsj;jpd; mNj Nrit epiyaj;jpNyNa mikag; ngw;Ws;s cg mYtyfnkhd;wpw;F ,lkhw;wnkhd;iwg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjD}lhf xNu Nrit epiyaj;jpy; ePzl ; nthU fhyk; njhlh;rr ; pahfg; gzpahw;Wtjw;fhf cj;jpNahfj;jh;fshy; iff;nfhs;sg;glf;$ba cj;jpfisj; jtph;ff ; r; nra;tNjahFk;. 3:8:4 J}u ,lq;fspy; mikag; ngw;Ws;sitAk;> tpUk;gj;jfhjitAkhd Nrit epiyaq;fspy; Nritahw;Wjw;F cj;jpNahfj;ju;fisj; njupT nra;Akplj;J> tpthfkhd cj;jpNahfj;ju;fisAk; gs;spnry; gps;isfisAila cj;jpNahfj;ju;fisAk; tpl> ,ad;wsT tpthfkhfhj Mz; cj;jpNahfj;ju;fisAk; gs;spnry; gps;isfspy;yh cj;jpNahfj;ju;fisAk; KbAkhd xt;nthU re;jh;gg ; j;jpYk; Njh;en ; jLg;gjpy; ftdk; nrYj;Jjy; Ntz;Lk;. gs;spnry; gps;isfspd; vz;zpf;if kw;Wk; mth;fspd; taJg; gphpTfs; vd;gtw;iwAk; $l ftdj;jpw; nfhs;s KbAk;. 3:8:5 ,j;jifa tpNrl mk;rq;fs; gw;wpj; jpl;ltl;lkhdJk; epue;jukhdJkhd rl;l tpjpfis epu;zapf;f KbahJ. Mjyhy; ,lkhw;wr; rig
34

mj;jpahak; III

xt;nthd;Wk; Nritapd; jd;ikf;Nfw;gj; jj;jkJ ,lkhw;wKiwj; jpll ; q;fisj; jahupj;Jf; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. rpy jpizf;fsq;fs; rhu; ,lkhw;w Kiwj;jpl;lq;fspy; ,j;jifa tplaq;fis Nru;gg ; J nghUj;jkhfNth> eilKiwf;Ffe;jjhfNth ,y;yhkypUf;ff; $Lk;. 3:8:6 nghJthf> ,aYkhd vy;yhr; re;ju;gg ; q;fspYk; mtu; tjpfpd;w gpuNjrj;jpy; gjtpnahd;Wf;F cj;jpNahfj;jiu epakpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. mtu; tjpfpd;w khtl;lj;jpw;F ntspNa ,lkhw;wk; nra;ag;gl Ntz;baJ (,j;jifa ,lkhw;wnkhd;W Njitg;gLfpd;w) Kiwahd xOf;fhw;W tprhuizapd; gpd;du; Fw;wthspahff; fhzg;gl;l re;ju;gg ; q;fspy; khj;jpuNkahFk;. 3:9 ,lkhw;wr; rigapdhy; epu;zapf;fg;gl;l ,lkhw;wj; jpl;lj;ijAk;> gpd;duhd re;jh;gg ; nkhd;wpy; mt;tplkhw;wj; jpl;lj;jpy; VNjDk; jpUj;jk; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;bUg;gpd; mj;jifa jpUj;jj;ijAk; chpa midj;J cj;jpNahfj;jh;fSf;Fk; mwptpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 3:10 NkNy tptupf;fg;gl;l ,lkhw;wy; jpl;lk; Njitg;ghLfSf;Fl;gl;bUf;Fk;. jlq;fyw;w gaDWjp tha;ej ; epUthf eltbf;if kpf Kf;fpakhdjhjypd> ; ,lkhw;wk; nra;Ak; NghJ ,lkhw;wj;jhy; jpizf;fs Ntiyf;F Vw;glj;jf;f ghjpg;ig ,ad;wsT Fiwj;Jf; nfhs;tijf; fUj;jpw; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. 3:11 ,lkhw;w rigapd; jPhk ; hdj;ij khw;wp> mt;thW khw;wg;gLtjw;fhd fhuzq;fis ,lkhw;wy; rigf;F mwptpf;f ,lkhw;wk; tpjpj;jw;Fhpa mjpfhhpf;F KbAk;.

4. ,lkhw;wk; gw;wpa mwptpj;jy;


4:1 ,lkhw;wq;fs; ahTk; ,ad;wstpy; xt;Nthu; Mz;bYk; rdtup khjk; Kjy; Njjp njhlf;fk; eilKiwg;gLj;jg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. cj;jpNahfj;ju;fs; jkJ gps;isfSf;F Vw;w ghlrhiyfisAk; tjptpw;F Vw;w tPlL ; trjpfisAk; xOq;F nra;jw;Fjtpahf ,lkhw;w mwptpj;jy; Fiwe;jJ ,uz;L gQ;rhq;f khj fhyj;jpw;F Kd;du; nfhLgly; Ntz;Lk;. ,lkhw;wk; ePff ; g;gLkplj;J my;yJ gpd;Nghlg;gLkplj;J> mj;jifa ePff ; k; my;yJ gpd;Nghly; gw;wp xU khjfhyj;jpw;F Kd;dNuDk; mwptpj;jy; nfhLgly; Ntz;Lk;. 4:2 VNjDnkhU fhuzj;jpd; nghUl;L ,lkhw;wk; njhlu;gpy; xU khjj;jpYk; Fiwe;j fhy mwptpj;jy; my;yJ ePff ; k; my;yJ gpd;Nghly; njhlu;gpy; 3 ehspDq; Fiwe;j fhy mwptpj;jy; toq;fg;gLtJ jtpu;ff ; Kbahnjdpd;> XIV Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; gpupT 24:12 ,y; cs;s epge;jidfs; gpd;gw;wg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 4:3 ,lkhw;wnkhd;wpw;F fl;lisapLfpd;wNghJ my;yJ ePfF ; fpd;w NghJ my;yJ gpw;NghLfpd;w NghJ mjw;fhf toq;fg;gLtJ> FWfpafhy mwptpj;jy; xd;whapd;> mjd; fhuzkhf murhq;fj;jpw;F Nkyjpfkhd nrynthd;iwj; jhq;f Ntz;btUnkd;gij mt;tplkhw;wf; fl;lisia tpjpf;fpd;w my;yJ ePfF ; fpd;w my;yJ gpw;NghLfpd;w mjpfhhp (XIV Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; 24 Mk; gpupitg; ghu;ff ; Tk;) fUj;jpw; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. vdpDk; kpf mtrpakhdJk; jtpu;ff ; Kbahjjjkhd re;ju;g;gq;fspyd;wp FWfpa fhy mwptpj;jypd; Nghpy; ,lkhw;wNkh my;yJ ePff ; Nkh my;yJ gpw;NghlNyh ,lk; ngwhjpUf;FkhW ftdpj;Jf; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. FWfpa fhy mwptpj;jypd; Ngupyhd ,lkhw;wNyh> ePff ; Nkh> gpw;NghlNyh> jtpu;jj ; pUf;ff;$bajhapUe;Jk; mt;thW FWfpa fhy mwptpg;ghf Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;bUg;gpd;> mjw;Fg; nghWg;ghd mjpfhupaplkpUe;J> murhq;fj;Jf;F Vw;gl;l Nkyjpfr; nryT XIV Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; gpupT 24:13d; tz;zk; mwtplg;gLk;.

35

mj;jpahak; III

5. Nkd;KiwaPlL ; r; rigfs;
5:1 ,lkhw;wr; rignahd;wpy; flikahw;wpa cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUth; jtpu;ej ; jpizf;fsj; jiytupdhy; ngau; Fwpg;gplg;gl;l rpNul;l gjtpepiy cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtiuAk; jpizf;fsj; jiytiuAk; Nkd;KiwaPlL ; r; rigahdJ nfhz;bUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 5:2 ,lkhw;wr;rig cj;Njr ,lkhw;wk; mjd; ,lkhw;wj;jpl;lj;Jf;F Kuzhf mike;Njh my;yJ %y ,lkhw;wf; fl;lisia khw;w Ntz;bastpw;F epahakhdjhf chpa R+o;epiyfs; khwpNah my;yJ ,lkhw;wj;jpdhy;> cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F kpf ,f;fl;lhd ,d;dy;fs; Vw;gLnkd tplaq;fs; Kd; itf;fg;gl;Nlh ,Ug;gpd; khj;jpuNk Nkd; KiwaPnlhd;W ftdj;jpw; nfhs;sg;gLk; 5:3 ,lkhw;w Nkd;KiwaPlL ; r; rigf;F jPun ; thd;W toq;f Kbahj re;ju;gg ; q;fs; njhlu;gpy; jPuk ; hdk; vLg;gjw;F mikr;rpd; nrayhsUf;F KOikahdJk; ,WjpahdJkhd mjpfhuk; ifaspf;fg;gLk;.

6. ,lkhw;wq;fs; njhlu;ghd eltbf;iffs; rhh; fhy ml;ltiz.


6:1 fpilf;fj; rigfs; khj;jpuNk Mz;L NjhWk; Mf];l; 15 Mk; jpfjpf;F Kd; ,lkhw;wr; rigf;F jf;fthW ,lkhw;w tpz;zg;gq;fs; Nfhug;gly; Ntz;Lk;. ,lkhw;wr; cUthf;fpAs;s jpl;lj;jpw;fika rkh;gg ; pf;fg;gLfpd;w tpz;zg;gq;fis ,lkhw;wr;rig ftdj;jpw; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;.

6:2 rig ,lkhw;wQ; nra;ag;gl jPuk ; hdpf;fg;gl;Ls;s cj;jpNahfj;jh;fspd; ngah;g;gl;baiy Mz;L NjhWk; xf;Nlhgu; Kjyhe; Njjpf;F Kd;du; me;je;j cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F mwptpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 6:3 Nkd;KiwaPLfis xf;Nlhgu; 15 Me; jpfjptiu Nkd;KiwaPlL ; r; rig Vw;f KbAk;. 6:4 Nkd;KiwaPlL ; r; cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F etk;gu; Ntz;Lk;. rigapd; ,Wjpahd khjk; Kjyhe; jpfjpf;F KbT Kd;du; rk;ge;jg;gl;l mwptpf;fg;gly;

36

mj;jpahak; IV
khjr; rk;gsk;> jw;fhypf hypf jFepiy> epue;juj; jFepiy> Xa;T+jpa chpik Mfpatw;iw toq;fy;
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. gjtpnahd; gjtpnahd;wpd; my;yJ gzpahsu; xUthpd; jFepiy khw;Wepiyapdu;> mka> jw;fhypf> epue;ju vd;w nrhw;nwhlHfspd; tiutpyf;fzq;fs; mka mbg;gilapy; Ml;Nru;gG ; jw;fhypfj; jFepiyAk; jFepiyAk; khjr; rk;gsk; toq;fYk; epue;juj; jFepiy toq;fy; Xa;T+jpa cupj;Jila gjtpAk; Xa;T+jpa chpikAk; gzpahsu;

37

mj;jpahak; IV
khjr; rk;gsk;> jw;fhypf jFepiy> epue;juj; jFepiy> Xa;T+jpa chpik Mfpatw;iw toq;fy;
1. gjtpnahd; gjtpnahd;wpd; my;yJ gzpahsu; xUthpd; jFepiy gjtpnahd;W my;yJ gzpahsnuhUth; njhlu;gpy; jFepiy vd;gJ mg; gjtp my;yJ mg; gzpahsu; epakdk; mkakh? jw;fhypfkh? epue;jukh? ,d;Nwy; Xa;T+jpa chpj;Jilajh vd;gijf; fhl;LtjhFk;. 1:1 gjtpnahd;wpd; jFepiy xU gjtp mkakh> jw;fhypfkh my;yJ epue;jukh vd;gij> mg; gjtp cUthf;fg;gLq;fhyj;J mjid cUthf;Fk; mjpfhup jPuk ; hdpg;gNjhL> mt;thW gjtp cUthf;fg;gl;lik njhlh;ghf chpa jpizf;fsj;Jf;F mwptpf;fg;gLk; NghJ> gjtp vj;jd;ikahdJ vd;gJk; fhl;lg;gLk;.gjtpnahd;wpd; ,ay;G kjpg;gL P fspy; vy;yhr; re;jh;gg ; q;fspYk; Fwpj;Jf; fhl;lg;glhjpUf;fyhk;. Mjypd;> gjtpfs; njhlh;ghd jpizf;fsq;fs; vg;NghJk; mq;ff P huk; mspf;Fk; mjpfhupapdhy; mt;tDkjp mDkjpf;fg;gl;l NghJ toq;fg;gl;l MNyhridfspd; topr; nry;Yjy; Ntz;Lk;. VNjDk; Iak; Njhd;Wkplj;J> tuTnryT jpl;lg; gzpg;ghsiu tpdtpj; njspe;J nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. Fwpj;j fhy vy;iyapy; Ntiy KbTWfpd;w jw;fhypfj; jd;ik tha;ej ; jpl;lq;fspy; re;jh;gg ; j;jpw;Nfw;wthwhd gzpfis Mw;Wtjw;fhf cUthf;fg;gl;l gjtpfs; mka gjtpfs; vdf; nfhs;sg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 1:2 gzpahsu; xUthpd; jFepiy jFepiy. epiy. gzpahsnuhUth; njhlu;gpy;> mka> jw;fhypf> epue;ju> Xa;T+jpa chpj;Js;s vd;w gjq;fs; gpuNahfpf;fg;gLkplj;J> gzpahsu; epakdj;jpd; jd;ik> epajpfs;> epge;jidfisr; Rl;Ltdtha; mit tpsq;Fk vdpDk;. mtu; tfpf;fpd;w gjtpapd; jFepiyia vg;NghJk; mit Rl;Ltdthaikah. vLj;Jf;fhl;L : 1:2:1 epue;jug; gjtpnahd;wpw;F epue;ju mbg;gilapy; cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUth; epakpf;fg;gLk; tiu> ,ilf;fhy Vw;ghlhf mg;gjtpf;F mka epakdnkhd;W toq;fg;glyhk;. Mjyhy; mj;jifa re;jHg;gnkhd;wpy; gjtp epue;jukhapUg;gpDk; gjtp tfpg;gtu; mkag; gzpahsuhfyhk;. 1:2:2 mt;thNw> epue;jug; gjtp xd;Wf;F jw;fhypf mbg;gilapy; xUth; epakdk; nra;ag;glyhk;. 1:2:3 epue;ju jFepiyiag; ngw;Wf; nfhz;l gzpahsu; xUtiu me; epue;juj; jFepiyiag; ngw;wgpd;dUk; jw;fhypfg; gjtpapy; njhlu;eJ ; k; itj;jpUf;fyhk;. mt;thNw jw;fhypf gzpahsiu jw;fhypfj; jFepiyiag; ngw;w gpd;dUk;> mkag; gjtpapy; njhlu;eJ ; k; gzpahw;wr;; nra;ayhk;. ,t; mj;jpahaj;jpd; 4 Mk;> 5 Mk; gpupTfSf;fika mkag; gzpahsnuhUth;> jw;fhypf jFepiyiaAk;> jw;fhypfg; gzpahsnuhUth; epue;juj; jFepiyiaAk; miltjd; ngWNgwhf ,J epfof;$Lk;.

38

mj;jpahak; IV

2. khw;Wepiyapdu; ; mka> jw;fhypf> epue;ju gzpahsu; u> gzpahsu; vd;w

nrhw;nwhlh;fspd; tiutpyf; tiutpyf;fzq;fs;


2:1 khw;Wepiyapdu;" vd;gtu; cz;ikapy; epug;gg;gl;Ls;s gjtpnahd;iw tfpf;fpd;w gzpahsu; xU tiuaWf;fg;gl;l fhyk; mg;gjtpapd; flikfis Mw;Wtjw;F tuhjtplj;J mg; gjtpf;Fhpa flikfis Mw;wntd mku;jj ; g;gLgtuhthh;. cjhuzkhf> gjtptfpf;Fk; fhtyhsu; tuhtplj;J khw;Wepiyf; fhtyhsu; mku;jj ; g;glyhk;. ,tuJ epakdk; fl;lhak; ehl;rk;gs Kiwapy; nra;ag;gLfpd;w ntWkNd mka mbg;gilapyhd epakdnkhd;whapUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 2:2 mkag; gzpahsu;" vd;gtu;> mkag; gjtpnahd;whf mq;ff P hpf;fg;gl;Ls;s gjtpnahd;wpw;F ehl;rk;gsj;jpw;F FWfpa xU fhyf;nfLTf;fhf mka mbg;gilapy; epakdk; nra;ag;gl;Ls;s xUtuhthh;. mt;thwpd;Nwy;> jw;fhypf my;yJ epue;jug; gjtp xd;Wf;F mJ jw;fhypfkhfNth my;yJ epue;jukhfNth epug;gg;gLk; tiu> ,il epug;Gj;jd;ikapy; epakdk; nra;ag;gl;Ls;s xUtuhthh;. 2:3 jw;fhypfg; gzpahsu;" vd;gtu; jw;fhypf gjtpnahd;nwd;w tifapy; mq;ff P upf;fg;gl;l gjtpnahd;Wf;F mku;jj ; g;gl;ltuhthh;. mt;thwpd;Nwy;> VNjDk; mka hPjpahd gjtpnahd;wpy; Nritapy; <Lgl;lik fhuzkhf jhd; jw;fhypf epiyf;fhd jFepiyia mile;Js;s mt;tka hPjpapyhd gjtpapNyNa njhlh;eJ ; k; gzpahw;Wfpd;w NghjpYk; 4 Mk; gphptpw;fika jw;fhypf epiy ifaspf;fg;gl;Ls;s mka gzpahsh; xUtuhthh;. 2:4 epue;jug; gzpahsu;" vd;gtu; epue;ju gjtpnahd;whf mq;ff P hpf;fg;gl;Ls;s gjtpnahd;wpw;F jFjp$u; epiyf;fhy epge;jidf;fika> epue;jug; gzpahsuhf epakpf;fg;gl;ltuhthh;. mt;thwpd;Nwy;> VNjDNkhh; mkag; gjtpnahd;wpy; my;yJ jw;fhypfg; gjtpnahd;wpy; gzpGhpe;jik fhuzkhf jhd; epue;ju epiyiag; ngw;Wf; nfhz;Ls;s mNjNtis mNj gjtpapNyNa jhd; njhlh;eJ ; k; gzpGhpfpd;w NghjpYk; 5.1> 5.2 my;yJ 5.3 Mk; cg gphpTfspd; fPo; epue;ju epiy ifaspf;fg;gl;Ls;stuhd xU gzpahsuhthh;. 3. mka mbg;gilapy;

Ml;Nru;gG ;

3:1 mkag; gjtpnahd;Wf;fhd Ml;Nru;gG ; fz;bg;ghf mka mbg;gilapNyNa Nkw;nfhs;sg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 3:2 mkag; gzpahsnuhUth; my;yJ khw;W epiyg; gzpahsnuhUth; mjw;fhd Kiwahd mjpfhuj;ijg; ngw;W ehl;rk;gs mbg;gilapy; khj;jpuk; Ml;Nrh;gG ; r; nra;ag;glyhk;. jd;id murhq;fj;jpd; fPo; njhlu;rr ; pahf NritapyPLgLj;JkhW cupikNfhu mj;jifa cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUf;F vj;jifa chpj;Jk; fpilahJ. Nritf;F Ml;Nru;gG ; r; nra;ag;gLk; NghNj ,Jgw;wp mtUf;F njspTWj;jg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. 3:3 mq;ff P hpf;fg; ngw;w epue;jug; gzpahsh;fspd; vz;zpf;ifapYs;s ntw;wplnkhd;W epue;ju mbg;gilapy; epug;gg;gLk; tiu mka mbg;gilapy; gzpahsu;fisr; Nru;g;gJ jtpu;ff ; g;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. vdpDk; mtru Njit fUjp ,ilepug;G mka epakdnkhd;W nra;ag;gLkplj;J> mq;ff P upf;fg;gl;l Ml;Nru;gG ; j; jpl;lj;jpw;fika> epue;ju gzpahsnuhUtiu epakdk; nra;tjw;fhd eltbf;iffs; cldbahf Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. ,ad;wtiu mj;jifa ntw;wplnkhd;W> xU khjj;jpw;Fs; epug;gg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. vt;thwhapDk; ,t; ntw;wplq;fs; %d;W khjq;fSs; epug;gg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. 3:4 khw;W njhopy;tha;gn ; ghd;W ,y;iyahapd; VNjDk; Fwpg;gpl;l fUj; jpl;lnkhd;wpy;/ eltbf;ifnahd;wpy;/gzpnahd;wpy; flikahw;Wfpd;w mkag; gzpg;ghsnuhUthpd; Nrit mf; fUj;jpl;lk;/ eltbf;if/gzp G+u;jj ; p nra;ag;gLtjw;fhf vLf;fg;gLfpd;w fhyk; vt;tsthapDk; mJ G+u;jj ; p nra;ag;gl;ltplj;J/ iftplg;gl;ltplj;J KbTWj;jg;gly; Ntz;Lk;.

39

mj;jpahak; IV

3:5 jtiz Kiwapy; Njitg;gLfpd;w Nritnahd;Wf;fhd (cjhuzkhf fkj;njhopy; gz;iznahd;W) Ml;Nru;gg ; hdJ Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl Ntz;baJ mka mbg;gilapd; kPjhFk;. 3:6 ehl;rk;gs mbg;gilapy; cs;s vtNuDNkhh; mkag; gzpahshpd; taJ 55 Ij; jhz;ba epiyapYs;s Nritf; fhynkhd;W> Xa;T+jpag; gpukhzf; Fwpg;gpd; fPo; vt;tpj gzpf;nfhil nrYj;Jiff;fhfTk; fzf;fpnyLf;fg;glkhl;lhJ. 4.

jw;fhypf jFepiyAk; jFepiyAk; khjr;rk;gsk; toq;fYk; Yk

4:1 ,ize;j Nritf;fhd gzpg;ghshpd;; Fwpg;ghd mwpTWj;jypd;wp> ,ize;j NritfSf;Fhpa gjtpnahd;wpd; ntw;wplj;jpy; mku;jj ; g;gl;l ve;jNthh; mkag; gzpahsUf;Fk; khjr; rk;gsNkh> jw;fhypfj; jFepiyNah> epue;juj; jFepiyNah toq;ff; $lhJ. 4:2 jw;fhypfg; gjtpnahd;wpw;nfd mq;ff P upf;fg;gl;Ls;s gjtpnahd;wpw;F epakpf;fg;gl;Ls;s gzpahsu; xUth; mg; gjtpf;Fupa khjr; rk;gs Kiwapy; Ml;Nrh;gG ; r; nra;ag;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 4:3 mkag; gzpahsu;> gpd;tUk; epge;jidfisg; khjhe;jr; rk;gsKk;> jw;fhypf jFepiyAk; toq;fg;gLthu;. mtu; ,yq;ifg; gpuirnahUtuhjy; Ntz;Lk;. ,r;rYif toq;fg;gLtjw;F Kd;Ds;s 5 tUlq;fSf;Fs; mtupd; NtiyAk; elj;ijAk; jpUg;jpfukhf tpsq;fpapUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. mth; 10 tUlq;fs; Nritahw;wpapUf;f Ntz;Lnkd;gNjhL ,e;j 10 tUlq;fSf;Fs; mth; Nritf;F tUif je;Js;s ehl;fspd; vz;zpf;if 2520 ehl;fSf;Ff; Fiwthf ,Uf;f $lhJ. gzpahsupd; tUif ehl;fs; 2>520 ehl;fspYk; Fiwthff; fhzg;gbd; 2>520 ehs; tUif G+u;jj ; pahFk; jpdj;jpypUe;Nj ,r;rYifiag; ngWk; jFjpAilatuhthu;. (,jd; nghUl;L> KOr; rk;gsj;Jld; $ba yPT ngw;Ws;s tpLKiwf; fhyKk; KOr; rk;gsj;Jldhd murhq;f tpLKiwfSk; tUiff; fhykhff; fzpf;fg;gLk;.) 5. epue;ju jFepiy jFepiyia epiyia toq;fy; 5:1 xNu gjtpapy; jw;fhypf gzpahsh; xUtuhf njhlh;eJ ; 5 Mz;Lfs; gzpGhpe;Js;s Xh; mYtyUf;F> mtuJ Nrit jpUg;jpfukhftpUf;Fkplj;J> mg; gjtpapy; epue;ju jFepiy toq;fg;gLk;. 5:2 jw;fhypf gjtp xd;wpypUe;J Ntnwhd;Wf;F khwpr;nrd;w cj;jpNahfj;ju; ,g;gjtpfspy; ,ilaPlw;w tifapy; 7 Mz;L fhyj;Jf;Fr; Nrit nra;Js;shnudpy; ,Wjpahf gzpGupe;j gjtpapy; epue;jukhf;fg;gLthu;. 5:3 xd;Wf;F Nkw;gl;l gjtpfspy;> fhyj;jpw;Ff; fhyk; jw;fhypf epiyapy; Nrit nra;Js;s cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtUf;F mth; jw;fhypf epiyapy; cz;ikahf Nrit nra;j fhyj;jpd; nkhj;jk; 10 tUlj;jpw;Ff; Fiwtpd;wpAk; mtuJ Nrit KwpTf;Fl;gl;bUe;j fhyg;gFjpfspd; vz;zpf;if cz;ikahf nkhj;jk; 5 tUlj;jpw;Ff; FiwthfTk; ,Uf;Fnkdpy;> mtUf;F epue;juj; jFepiy toq;fg;gLk;. mtuJ Nrit jpUg;jpfukhdjhapd; epakpg;G mjpfhhpapd; jw;Wzpgpw;fpzq;f mt;Tj;jpNahfj;ju;> filrpahf gzpahw;wpa gjtpapNyh mjidnahj;j my;yJ mjdpYq; Fiwe;j juKila gjtpnahd;wpNyh> epue;juj; jFepiy toq;fg;ngWthu;. 5:4 Nkw;Nghe;j tpjpfspd;gb> epue;jukhf;fg;gl;l jw;fhypfg; gzpahsu; xUthpd> ; Nrit njhlh;eJ ; k; Njitg;glhjtplj;J mtiu NritapypUe;J ,isg;ghwr; nra;ayhk;. G+u;jj ; p nra;Akplj;J

40

mj;jpahak; IV

5:5 Nkw;Nghe;j tpjpfspd;gb gzpahsu; xUtUf;F toq;fg;gl;l epue;juj; jFepiy vg;gjtpapd; fPo; epue;juk; toq;fg;gl;lNjh mg;gjtpNahL njhlu;GilaJ. Mjypd;> mg;gjtpapy; ,Uf;Fk; fhyk; kl;LNk mj;jFepiyapid mtu; mDgtpf;fyhk;. 5:6 gjtpnahd;wpy; epue;juj; jFepiy toq;fg;ngw;Ws;s gzpahsnuhUtu; epue;jukw;w gjtpnahd;wpw;F khwpr; nry;thuhapd;> 5:7 Mk; cg gphptpd; Vw;ghL> Vw;Gilajhd re;jh;gg ; q;fspyd;wp Vida re;jh;gg ; q;fspy;> Ke;jpa gjtpapy; mtu; ngw;w epue;ju jFepiyia mth; ,oe;JtpLtH. mtu; khwpr; nrd;Ws;s GJg;gjtp> jw;fhypf xd;whapd;> ; Gjpa jw;fhypf epiyg; gjtpapy; 2 tUlj; njhlu;Nritf;Fg; gpd;dNu mtUf;F epue;juj; jFepiy toq;fg;gLk;. 5:7 xU gjtpapy; epue;juj; jFepiy toq;fg;gl;l gzpahsnuhUth;> mg; gjtpapypUe;J Neubahf mjid mLj;Js;s cau; gjtpf;F ( c-k; : juk; II gpupT M gz;lrhiyf;fhg;ghsu; gjtpapypUe;J juk; II gpupT m gz;lrhiyf;fhg;ghsu; gjtpf;F) epakpf;fg;gLkplj;J> mg;Gjpa gjtp jw;fhypfkhd xd;whapDk; mg;Gjpa gjtpapy; mtuJ epue;ju epiy mtUf;Nf chpj;jhd jdpg;gl;l xd;whff; fUjg;gLk;. Gjpa gjtp mka epiyg;gl;ljhapd;> ,r;rYif Vw;Gilajd;W. 5:8 Nkw;Fwpj;j 5:1 Mk; 5:3 Mk; gpupTfspy; vJ vt;thW Fwpg;gplg;gl;bUe;jhYk; jw;NghJ NritapYs;s jw;fhypf/mka gzpahsnuhUth;> mtu; epakpf;fg;gl;Ls;s gjtp my;yJ juj;Jf;fhd Ml;Nru;g;G jpl;lj;jpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s Mff;Fiwe;j jifik mtUf;fpUe;J mj;Jld; jw;fhypf mbg;gilapy; my;yJ mka mbg;gilapy; my;yJ ,t;tpuz;bdJk; mbg;gilapy; mj;jifa gjtpnahd;wpy; Mff;Fiwe;j %d;W tUlq;fisf; nfhz;l Nritf; fhynkhd;iwAk; nfhz;bUg;ghuhapd;> mj;Jld; mtuJ Ntiy> tUif kw;Wk; elj;ij vd;gd jpUg;jpfukhapd; mNj gjtpapy; my;yJ juj;jpy; epue;ju gjtpazpf;fhd ntw;wplq;fis epug;Gtjw;fhf cs;su P f ; f ; g;glyhk;. %d;W tUl Nrit fhyg;gFjpf;Fs; cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtupd; tUif 750 ehl;fspYk; Fiwthapd; ,e;jr; rYifapd; fPo; mtu; jifik ngWtJ mtu; 750 ehl;fs; tUifiag; G+u;jj ; p nra;fpd;w jpfjpapypUe;jhFk;. 5:9 Nju;rr ; pkpf;f Ms;tY njhlu;gpy; jw;NghJ epyTfpd;w gw;whf;Fiwapd; epkpj;jk; Nju;rr ; p ngw;w mj;Jld; gFjpasT Nju;r;rp ngw;w njhopyhsu; rk;ge;jkhf NkNy 5:8 Mk; cggpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s Mff;Fiwe;j Nritj; jifikfs; jsu;jj ; g;glyhk;. 5:10 Nrit %g;G Nkw;Nghe;j tpjpfspd;gb epue;juj; jFepiy toq;fg;gLfpd;w gzpahsu;fspd; Nrit %g;G> epue;ju epiy toq;fg;gLk; jpfjpiaf; mbg;gilahff; nfhz;L jPuk ; hdpf;fg;gLk;. 5:11 jFjp$u; fhyk; - Nritapy; epue;ju jFepiy toq;fg;gLfpd;w gzpahsu; xUtu; II Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; II Mk; gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s jFjp$u; fhyj;Jf;F cl;gLjy; Ntz;Lk; 6.

Xa;T+jpa chpjJ ; ila gjtpfSk;> Xa;T+jpaj; jFepiyAk;

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41

mj;jpahak; IV

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42

mj;jpahak; V
tpLtpj;jy;> Kd;du; tfpj;j gjtpf;F kPs mDg;Gjy;> Nritia KbTWj;Jjy;
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43

mj;jpahak; V
tpLtpj;jy;> Kd;du; tfpj;j gjtpf; gjtpf;F kPs mDg;Gjy;> Nritia KbTWj;Jjy; jy
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44

mj; ; pahak; V mjj

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T T T T T T T T T T T

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45

mj;jpahak; V

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46

mj;jpahak; V

nfhz;lhy;> Nfl;L tpyf Kd;dh; Mw;wpa Nritf;Fhpj;jhd Vida mD$yq;fSk; mtUf;F chpj;jw;Wg; Nghfpd;wnjd> Xa;T+jpa chpj;Js;s Nfl;L tpyfy; fbjk; fpilf;fg;ngw;wTld; jpizf;fsj; jiyth; mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jUf;F vOj;J %yk; mwptpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 4:3:1 mt;thW mtuJ tpyfy; fbjk;; Vw;Wf; nfhs;sg;gbd;> mjd; gpd;du;> mjid kPsthq;Fk; tpz;zg;gk; vJTk; Vw;Wf; nfhs;sg;glhnjd;gijAk; mtUf;F mwptpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 4:3:2 Nkw;Fwpj;j tplaq;fs; jdf;F mwptpf;fg;gl;lnjd;gijf; fhl;Lfpd;w vOj;J %y ntspg;gLj;Jifia cj;jpNahfj;juplkpUe;J ngw;Wf; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. 4:4 epakd mjpfhup jpizf;fsj; jiytu; my;yhj re;ju;gg ; j;jpy;> epakd mjpfhupapdhy;> Vw;fg;gLtjw;fhf Nfl;L tpyfy; fbjnkhd;W rkh;gg ; pf;fg;gLkplj;J> jhd; 4:3 Mk; cg gphptpYs;s cs;s tpjpfisg; gpd;gw;wpajhfj; jpizf;fsj; jiyth; Fwpg;gply; Ntz;Lk;. 4:5 Nfl;L tpyfy; Vw;Wf; nfhs;sg;gl;lik chpa cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F vOj;J %yk; mwptpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 4:6 gjtpapypUe;J Nfl;L tpyfpf; nfhs;Sk; cj;jpNahfj;ju; Nfl;L tpyfYf;F Ke;jpa fhyj;jpy; Mw;wpa Nritfspd; ngWNgWfshff; fpilf;fpd;w midj;J chpikfisAk; mD$yq;fisAk;; ,og;ghu;. MapDk; gjtpapdpd;W Nfl;L tpyfp kPzL ; k; Nritapy; ,ize;J nfhz;l cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUthpd; Ntiy kw;Wk; elj;ij jpUg;jpfukhditnadpd; NritapypUe;J Nfl;L tpyFtjw;F Kd;duhd Nritf;fhyk; Xa;T+jpa Nehf;fj;Jf;fhf khj;jpuk; guprPyid nra;ag;gLk;. (VII Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; 8:1 Mk; cg ge;jpiag; ghu;ff ; Tk;) 5. ,isg;ghWif murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;ju;fspd; ,isg;ghWif (355 Mk; mj;jpahakhd) murhq;f kw;Wk; ePjpr;Nrit cj;jpNahfj;jHfs;; (,isg;ghWif) fl;lisr; rl;lj;jpdhYk; mjd; fPo; tpjpf;fg;gl;l rl;lq;fshYk; (,yq;if Jizr;rl;lthf;fk; VI Mk; gFjp) fl;Lg;gLj;jg;gLfpd;wJ. 5:1 55 taijailaTs;s cj;jpNahfj;ju;> my;yJ Nrit ePbg;G toq;fg; ngw;wtplj;J mr; Nrit ePbg;G KbtilAk; jUthapYs;s cj;jpNahfj;ju; Mfpa xt;nthUtupd; tpguq;fisAk;> murhq;f> kw;Wk; ePjpr; Nrit cj;jpNahfj;ju;fs; (,isg;ghWif) fl;lisr; rl;lj;jpy; tpjpf;fg;gl;Ls;s 2(1) Mk; my;yJ 3(4) Mk; rl;l tpjpfspd; epajpfspd; fPo; epakd mjpfhup chpa eltbf;if vLg;gij ,ayr; nra;Ak; nghUl;L jpizf;fsj; jiytu;> chpa mikr;rpd; nrayhsUf;F mwptpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 5:2 gpd;tUk; cggpupTfspYs;s Vw;ghLfSf;F ,zq;fNt xopa 55 taJf;F Nky; Xh; cj;jpNahfj;jiu vtUk; njhlu;eJ ; Nritapy; <LgLj;jf;$lhJ. 5:2:1 55 taJf;F mg;ghy; jdJ Nritf; fhyj;ij ePbf;FkhW NfhUk; cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUth;> mtu; 55 tajpid miltjw;F Mff;Fiwe;jJ 6 khjq;fSf;F Kd;dNuDk; vOj;J %yk; jpizf;fsj; jiytupd; Clhf epakpg;G mjpfhupf;F tpzz ; g;gpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. mijj; njhlu;eJ ; Nrit ePbg;nghd;Wf;fhd VNjDnkhU tpzz ; g;gk; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl Ntz;baJ Nrit ePbf;fg;gl;l fhyg;gFjp KbTWtjw;F Mff;Fiwe;jJ %d;W khjq;fSf;F Kd;duhFk;. 5:2:2 jdf;F Nrit ePbg;nghd;W toq;fg;gLkplj;J mjd; Kbtpy; jhd; Xa;T ngWtjw;Nfh my;yJ Xa;T ngWtjw;F Kd;duhd yPitg; ngWtjwNfh Mff; Fiwe;jJ %d;W khjq;fSf;F Kd;du; mJ gw;wp mwptpg;gjhff;

47

mj;jpahak; V

$Wfpdw ; cj;jpNahfj;jupd; thf;FWjpg; ,izf;fg;gl;bUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.

gpufldnkhd;W

tpz;zg;gj;Jld;

5:3 Nrit ePbg;Gf;fhd tpz;zg;gk; jpizf;fsj; jiytu; mikr;rpd; nrayhsUf;F rku;g;gpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. vy;yh murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;ju; rk;ge;jkhfTk; chpa mikr;rUld; crhTjiy Nkw;nfhz;L> tpUg;gj; Njh;Tf;fika Xa;T ngWk; taJf;F mg;ghy; 58 taJ tiu Nritia ePbf;Fk; mjpfhuk; mikr;rpd; nrayhsUf;F cz;L. ,ize;j Nritnahd;W rk;ge;jkhdtplj;J chpa nrayhsuhdtu; ghpe;Jiufis rku;gg ; pf;f Ntz;baJ nghJepUthf mikr;rpd; nrayhsUf;NfahFk;. 5:3:1 Nritf;fhy ePbg;nghd;wpd; NghJ 55 taij mile;Jk; 10 tUl Xa;T+jpak; ngWk; Nritiag; G+u;jj ; p nra;jpuhj Xa;T+jpa cupj;Jila gjtpnahd;iw tfpf;fpd;w cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtUf;F> mtu; 58 taJ milAk; jpfjp> 10 tUlfhy Xa;T+jpa cupj;Jila Nritiag; G+u;jj ; p nra;Ak; jpfjp Mfpa ,t;tpuz;by; vJ Kd;epfo;fpd;wNjh mJ tiu Nritapy; njhlu;eJ ; ,Ug;gjw;F chpa mikr;riu crhtp mDkjpaspg;gjw;F cupa mikr;rpd; nrayhsUf;F KbAk;. ,ize;j Nritfs; rk;ge;jkhdtplj;J chpa nrayhsu; nghJ epUthf mikr;rpd; nrayhsuhtNjhL> mj;jifa cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; Nrit Gupe;J nfhz;bUf;Fk; mikr;rpd; nrayhsu; ghpe;Jiu nra;a Ntz;baJ mtUf;NfahFk;. 5:4 58 taJf;F mg;ghy; 60 taJ tiu Nrit ePbg;G toq;Fk; mjpfhup chpa mikr;ruhthu;. 5:4:1 ,ize;j Nrit xd;iwr; Nru;ej ; 58 taijj; jhz;ba cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtupd; Nritf; fhyj;ij ePbg;gjw;fhd Nfhupf;if tpLf;fg;gLkplj;J mj;jifa Nfhupf;iff;F chpa mikr;rupd; tpUg;gpidj; njuptpf;Fk; fbjk; nrayhsupdhy; jdpg;gl;l Kiwapy; ifnahg;gkplg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 5:5 mikr;nrhd;wpd; Nkyjpfr; nrayhsu;> jpizf;fsj; jiytu;> murhq;f mjpgu; mj;Jld; mikr;nrhd;wpd; rpNul;l cjtpr; nrayhsu; xUtu; MfpNahh; rk;ge;jkhdtplj;J 58 taJf;F mg;ghyhd Nrit ePbg;ghdJ fUj;jpy; nfhs;sg;gLtJ mikr;ruitapdhNyNaahFk;. 5:6 cj;jpNahfj;jupd; Nrit ePbf;fg;gLk; mwptpf;fg;gLjy; Ntz;Lnkd;gNjhL xU Kiwf;F fhyj;jpw;F mt;thW ePbg;G toq;fg;glf;$lhJ. fhy msT mtUf;F xU tUlj;jpw;F Nkw;gl;l

5:7 jpizf;fsj; jiytu;fs; mLj;J tUk; Mz;L Kbtila Kd;dh; 55 tajpid va;jg;Nghfpd;w jdJ jpizf;fsj;jpy; gzpahw;Wk; midj;J cj;jpNahfj;ju;fs; gw;wpa tpguj; jpul;bid nghJg;gbtk; 91 ,y; jahhpj;J Mz;LNjhWk; jpnrk;gu; Kjy; Njjpf;F Kd;du;> nrayhsUf;F mDg;gp itj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. taJ 55 I milfpd;w NghJ cj;jpNahfj;jh; ,isg;ghwNth my;yJ Nrit ePbg;igg; ngwNth(nghUj;jkhdthW) eltbf;if vLg;gjw;F mtNu nghWg;ghjy; Ntz;Lk;.

6. Nritia KbTWj;jy y;
6:1 jw;fhypf epakdk; tfpf;Fk; cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUthpd; Nritapid epakd mjpfhup> vj;jifa fhuzKk; fhl;lhky; vr;re;ju;gg ; j;jpYk; KbTWj;jyhk;. 6:2 jFjp$u; epakdnkhd;wpid fhl;lhJ KbTWj;jyhk; epakd mjpfhup vj;jifa fhuzKk;

48

mj;jpahak; V

7. gjtp gjtpia ia tpl;L ePqf ; y;


7:1 cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu;> yPT ngw;Wf; nfhs;shky; flikf;F tuhjpUg;gpd;> tuhjpUe;j NjjpapypUe;J gjtpia tplL ; ePqf ; patuhff; nfhs;sg;gLthu;. mq;qdk; nfhs;sg;gl;l KbT mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jUf;F gjpTj; jghy; %yNkh my;yJ Ms;top xg;gilg;G %yNkh cldbahf mwptpf;fg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. 7:2 ,e;jg; gpuptpd; fPo; gjtpia tplL ; ePqf ; paikf;fhd fl;lisia toq;f xOf;fhw;W mjpfhupf;Nfh my;yJ gpuhe;jpa jpizf;fsj; jiytuhfpa gjtpepiy cj;jpNahfj;jUf;Nfh KbAk;. 7:3 cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F vjpuhff; $lhnjd;gNjhL yPT ngwhky; tUif NfhUtNjh $lhJ. Fw;wr;rhl;Lj; jhf;fy; nra;af; juhikf;F tpsf;fk; rku;g;gpf;FkhW

7:4 NghjpasT fhyf;nfLTf;Fs;(tpsf;fj;ijr; rkh;g;gpg;gjw;fhd 'NghjpasT fhyf;nfLit" xOf;fhw;W mYtyh; jPhk ; hdpf;fyhk;.)mth; Ra tpUg;gpd; gb tpsf;fkspj;jhy; xOf;f tpjpfSf;F mika> chpa xOf;fhw;W mjpfhhp mt; tplak; njhlh;ghf fUj;jpnyLj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. mt;thW fUj;jpnyLj;jjd; gpd;dh; mtUf;F kPsTk; Nritf;F tu mDkjpaspf;fpd;wikia my;yJ mDkjpaspf;fhikia mt;tjpfhhp Nkw;nfhs;syhk;. (XLVIII Mk; mj;jpahaj;ijAk; ghh;ff ; Tk;)

8. gjtpePff ; k; nra;ag;gl;l cj; ; pNahfj;ju;fs; gw;wpa tpguj;jpul;L> Rl;L cjj vd;gd


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49

mj;jpahak; VI
Nritg; gjpTfs;> mwpf;iffs;> rhd;wpjo;fs;
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. nghJ tuyhw;Wj; jhs; ngah;topg; gjpTf; Nfhg;G ngah;topf; Nfhg;G ngah;topg; gjpTf; gjpTf; Nfhg;G/ngah;topf;Nfhg;G me;juq;f mwpf;if Nritr; rhd;wpjo;

50

mj;jpahak; pahak; VI
Nritg; gjpTfs;> mwpf;iffs;> rhd;wpjo;fs;
1. nghJ
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2. tuyhw;Wj; jhs;;
2:1 gjtpnahd;Wf;F epue;jukhfNth md;Nwy; jFjp$h; epiyapNyh md;Nwy; cld;gbf;if kPNjh cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth; epakpf;fg;gLkplj;J> mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jUf;fhd tuyhw;Wj; jhnshd;W cldbahfj; jahupf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jh; ,jw;F Kd;dUk; murhq;fj;jpd; fPo; Nritahw;wpapUg;gpd; jw;fhypfkhfNth my;yJ NtW tifapNyh Kd;G Mw;wpa mj;jifa Nritfspd; tptuq;fis cj;jpNahfj;jh; Nritahw;wpa ,lq;fspd; jpizf;fsj; jiyth;fspdhy; Kiwg;gb mj;jhl;rpg;gLj;jg;gl;l cupa tpguq;fslq;fpa tuyhw;Wj; jhs;fisj; jUtpg;gjw;F> mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jh; Gjpjhf epakpf;fg;gl;l jpizf;fsj;jpd; jiyth; cldb eltbf;iffis vLj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. ,e;j tuyhw;Wj; jhs;fs; ,jd;Nky; cj;jpNahfj;jUf;Ff; fhl;lg;gl;L> mtuplkpUe;J mjpYs;s tpguq;fs; cz;ikahdit vd;gjw;fhd rhd;wpjnohd;W ngw;Wf; nfhs;sg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 2:2 tuyhw;Wj; jhs;fs; me;je;j jpizf;fsq;fspd; Njitf;Nfw;wthW mike;j gbtq;fspy; Ngzg;gLfpd;w Gifapuj> nghypR> epy msit> fy;tpj; jpizf;fs cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUk; gpupT 3:1 ,d; epajpfspd;gb ngah;topg; gjpTf; Nfhg;nghd;W Ngzg;gl Ntz;ba cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUk; ePqf ; yhf Xa;t+jpaKila gjtpnahd;Wf;F epue;jukhf epakpf;fg;gLfpd;w Vida cj;jpNahfj;jh;fs; midth; njhlh;ghfTk; tuyhw;Wj; jhs;fs; nghJ 53m vd;Dk; gbtj;jpy; Ngzg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 2:3 khjr; rk;gsk; ngWfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUthpd; tuyhw;Wj; jhnshd;W 234 vd;w nghJg; gbtj;jpYk;> ehl; rk;gsk; ngWfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUthpd; tuyhw;Wj; jhnshd;W 226 m vd;w nghJg;gbtj;jpYk; Ngzg;gly; Ntz;Lk;.
51

mj;jpahak; VI

murhq;f Copah; Nrkyhg epjpaj;Jf;F mq;fj;Jtg; gzk; nrYj;Jfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth; rk;ge;jkhf mtuJ murhq;f Nrit Copah; Nrkyhg epjpa ,yf;fKk; murhq;fr; Nrit Copah; Nrkyhg epjpaj;Jf;F mq;fj;Jtg; gzk; nrYj;j Muk;gpf;fg;gl;l jpfjpAk; Fwpg;gplg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 2:4 Gifapuj> nghypR> epy msit> fy;tpj; jpizf;fsq;fs; ,g;NghJ itj;jpUf;Fk; gjpNtLfspy; nra;Ak; gjpTfisg; nghWg;Gtha;ej ; cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth; nrt;itghh;gg ; hh; vd;w ek;gpf;ifapd; Ngupy;> tuyhw;Wj; jhs;fis itj;jpUf;f Ntz;Lnkd;w tpjpapypUe;J tpyf;fspf;fg;gl;Ls;sd. xt;Nthh; cj;jpNahfj;jUf;Fk; toq;fg;gl;l rk;gsq;fs; gw;wpa tpguq;fs; miur; rk;gs yPT> rk;gskw;w yPT gw;wpa tpguq;fs; Mfpad KOikahf mlq;fpa Mtzq;fspd; cWjpg;gLj;jg;gl;l gpujpnahd;W rupghh;jj ; ypd; nghUl;L fzf;fha;Tj; jpizf;fsj;jpw;Fr; rkhg;;gp;ff ; g;gly; Ntz;Lk;. ,e;jg; gpujp> ,isg;ghWk; cj;jpNahfj;jh; xt;nthUtupdJk; xa;t+jpa tpz;zg;gj;Jld; Xa;t+jpag; gzpg;ghsUf;F ,Wjpahf mDg;gg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 2:5 xg;gilf;fg;gLfpd;w je;jpr; nra;jpfspd; vz;zpf;iff;F ,zq;f fl;lzk; nfhLg;gdT nra;ag;gLfpd;w je;jpj; J}Jth;fspd; Nritf; Fwpg;Gf;fisg; NgZtJ njhlh;ghf jw;NghJ eilKiwapYs;s Kiwikia njhlh;eJ ; k; mKy; nra;ayhk;. 2:6 gpd;tUk; Ntz;bajpy;iy:tifapdh; rhh;ghf tuyhw;Wj; jhs;fis itj;jpUf;f

mka khw;Wepiyg; gzpahsH xUth; rhHghf - ,Ue;j NghjpYk; VNjDnkhU juj;jpd; eltbf;iffis Mw;Wtjw;fhf mbf;fb <LgLj;jg;gLfpd;w mka khw;Wepiyg; gzpahsH xUth; chpa fhyf; fpukj;jpy; mj; juj;jpw;F cs;sh P f ; f ; g;gLtjw;F tha;gg ; pUg;gpd; mth; rhh;ghf re;jh;gg ; j;Jf;Nfw;g 234 my;yJ 226 m vDk; nghJg; gbtj;jpy; tuyhw;Wj; jhs;fisg; NgZjy; Ntz;Lk;. jw;fhypf my;yJ mka mbg;gilapYk;> ehs; rk;gs mbg;gilapYk; cs;s cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth; NtW jpizf;fsnkhd;Wf;F gpd;dh; gzpf;fhf ,izj;Jf; nfhs;sg;gLkplj;J> mth; rk;ge;jkhd KO tpguq;fisAk; mj; jpizf;fsj;Jf;F rkh;g;gpf;f KbAkhapd; mj;jifa Xh; cj;jpNahfj;jh; Xg;ge;jq;fspd; fPo; cld;gbf;ifapd; Ngupy; Ntiyf;F mkh;jj ; g;gl;l gzpahsh;fs; - vdpDk;> Jz;L tPj mbg;gilapy; murhq;fk; Neubahfr; rk;gsk; toq;Fk; njhopyhsh; xUth; rhh;ghf mwpf;ifnahd;iw itj;jpUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 2:7 Xh; cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; tuyhw;Wj; jhs; toikahfr; rk;ge;jg;gl;l jpizf;fsj;jpNyNa itj;jpUf;fg;gLk;. vdpDk; ,ize;j Nritapy; cs;s cWg;gpdh;fsJ tuyhw;Wj; jhs;fs; ,izg; gpujpfspy; ,Uj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. xU gpujpia rk;ge;jg;gl;l jpizf;fsKk; kw;iwa gpujpia ,ize;j Nritg; gzpg;ghsUk; itj;jpUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 2:8 ,ize;j NritapYs;s Xh; cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; tuyhw;Wj; jhs;fisg; NgZk; Nehf;fj;jpw;fhf mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jh; Ntiyapy; mkh;jj ; g;gl;Ls;s jpizf;fsj; jiyth;; cg gpupT 2:9:3 ,y; jug;gl;Ls;s tpguq;fis ,ize;j Nritg; gzpg;ghsUf;F khje;NjhWk; mwptpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 2:9 tuyhw;Wj; Ntz;Lk;. jhnshd;W gpd;tUk; tpjpfSf;F mika Ngzg;gly;

2:9:1 tuyhw;Wj; jhs;fs; g+l;lg;gl;L itj;jpUf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. mj;Jld; mit mfuthpir xOq;fpy; jahhpf;fg;gl;bUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 2:9:2 mjw;fhd tpguq;fis cl;Nrh;ff ; pd;w kw;Wk; mjidf; fl;Lf;fhg;ghf itj;jpUf;fpd;w gzp rpNul;l vOJeh; xUthplk; ifaspf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;.tuyhw;Wj; jhs;fisg; ghJfhg;ghf itj;jpUj;jYk; mtw;wpYs;s Fwpg;Gf;fspd; gpioaw;w jd;ik vd;gd njhlh;ghf mt;ntOJeh; nghWg;Gf; $Wjy; Ntz;Lk;.

52

mj;jpahak; VI

2:9:3 ,q;Fs;s cg gpupT 2:10 ,y; jug;gl;Ls;sthwhd tptuq;fspd; midj;J khw;wq;fs; njhlh;ghfTk; miur; rk;gs yPT kw;Wk; rk;gskw;w yPT gw;wpAk; jpizf;fsj; jiyth; fl;lisapll ; Tld; mf; fl;lisf;fpzq;f chpa jfty;fis mt; tuyhw;Wj; jhs;fspy; gjpjy; Ntz;Lk;. nkr;RiufSk;> fz;ldq;fSk; gbtk; 230M vd;gjpy; gjpT nra;ag ; l;L tuyhw;Wj; jhs;fSld; Nfhit nra;ag;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 2:9:4 Xh; cj;jpNahfj;jUf;fhd tuyhw;Wj; jhisj; jpwf;Fk; NghNj mtUila gpwe;j jpfjpia cj;jpNahfj;jupd; nrhe;jr; nrytpy; ngwg;gl;L rkh;g;gpf;fg;gl Ntz;ba gpwg;Gr; rhd;wpjopypUe;Njh (gjpthsh; mjpgjpahy; toq;fg;gl;l) cj;Njr taJr; rhd;wpjopypUe;Njh rupghh;jJ ; g; gjpjy; Ntz;Lk;. mt;tuyhw;Wj; jhspy; gjpag;gl;ltw;wpy; gjtpepiy cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth; KjnyOj;njhg;gk; ,ly; Ntz;Lk;. gpwe;j Mz;L kl;Lk; njupe;jhy; me;j Mz;by; a+iy khjk;; 1 Me; jpfjpiag; gpwe;j ehshff; nfhs;Sjy; Ntz;Lk;. mg;gbahd re;jh;gg ; q;fspy; a+iy khjk;; 1 Mk; jpfjp fUjg;gLk; ehs; vd tuyhw;Wj;jhspy; gjpag;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 2:9:5 tuyhw;Wj; jhspy; cs;s xt;nthU gjpTk; chpa %yf; fl;lisfSld; rupghh;ff ; g;gl;Lg; gjtpepiy cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtuhy; KjnyOj;njhg;gkplg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. gjtpepiy cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUthpd; mbf;fb> %d;W khjj;jpw;nfhUKiwNaDk; tuyhw;Wj; jhs;fisg; ghprPypj;J Ntiyfs; ahTk; mj;Njjptiu eilngw;wpUf;fpd;wdth vdTk; midj;J cj;jpNahfj;jh;fs; rhh;ghfTk; tuyhw;Wj; jhs;fs; KiwNa jpwf;fg;gl;Ls;sdth vdTk; rhp ghh;jJ ; f; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. 2:9:6 tuyhw;Wj; jhs;fis gjtpepiy cj;jpNahfj;jh;> Kfhikj;Jt cjtpahsh; my;yJ jpizf;fsj; jiytupdhy; Fwpj;j mjpfhukspf;fg;gl;lth; MfpNahh; md;wp kw;nwtUk; ghh;ff ; ,lkspf;ff; $lhJ. Xh; cj;jpNahfj;jh; jdJ tuyhw;Wj;jhis Ie;jhz;Lf;nfhUKiw> mjpfhuk;ngw;w gjtpepiy cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUthpd; Kd;dpiyapy; ghh;jj ; w;F mDkjpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jh; mjid Muha;ej ; gpd;dh;> mjpy; cs;s tptuq;fs; ahTk; rupahdit vd mt;Tj;jpNahfj;juplkpUe;J xU rhd;wpjo; ngwg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 2:9:7 gjtpepiy cj;jpNahfj;jiug; gw;wp xOf;fhw;W eltbf;if vLf;fg;gl Ntz;Lnkdj; jpizf;fsj; jiyth; mikr;rpd; nrayhsUf;F mwptpf;f Ntz;b tUfpd;w ve;jr; re;jh;gg ; j;jpYk; mj;jifa mwpf;ifAld; rk;ge;jg;gl;l cj;jpNahfj;jupd; tuyhw;Wj; jhspd; rhd;wplg;gl;l gpujpnahd;wpidAk; ,izj;J mDg;Gjy; Ntz;Lk;. 2:9:8 Xh; cj;jpNahfj;jh; xU jpizf;fsj;jpypUe;J NtnwhU jpizf;fsj;jpw;F khw;wg;gl;lhy;> mth; gzpGhpe;j jpizf;fsk; mtUila tuyhw;Wj; jhis ,izg; gpujpnra;J itj;Jf;nfhz;L> tuyhw;Wj; jhspd; %yg; gpujpia khwpr;nry;Yk; jpizf;fsj;jpw;F me;juq;fk; vdf; Fwpf;fg;gl;l Xh; ciwapypl;L itj;J mDg;Gjy; Ntz;Lk;. 2:9:9 Xh; cj;jpNahfj;jh; ,isg;ghWkplj;J mtuJ tuyhw;Wj; jhis Xa;t+jpak; fzpg;gjw;fhd tptuj;jhSld; ,izj;J Xa;t+jpag; gzpg;ghsUf;F Neubahf mDg;gp itj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 2:10 Xt;nthU epakdk; njhlh;ghfTk; gjpy; kw;Wk; jFjp$h; epakdk; cs;spl;l midj;J epakdq;fs;> Nritapy; epue;jukhf;fy;> jFjp$h; kw;Wk; gjpy; epakdf; fhyj;jpd; ePbg;G kw;Wk; KbTWj;jy;> ,lkhw;wk; (epiya khw;wj;ijNah my;yJ tUk;gbfspyhd khw;wq;fisNah nfhz;buhj jpizf;fsj;jpw;Fs; ,lk;ngWk; khw;wq;fs; ePqf ; yhdit) cah;r;rpfs;> tpLtpg;Gfs;> Ntjd Vw;w mq;ff P huk;> ,il epWj;Jif> epWj;jk;> fopT my;yJ gpw;NghLif> tpidj;jpwikfhz; jilfSf;F Nkyhd gjtp cah;T my;yJ mg;gjtpAaHit mq;ff P hpf;fhik> gzpj;jil> jw;fhypf ePff ; k;> gjtpapwf;fk;> Ntjdj;jpy; my;yJ gbapy; ,lk;ngWk; Fiwg;G> Ntiy ePff ; k;> Nfl;L tpyfy;> ,isg;ghWif> kPs
53

mj;jpahak; VI

Ntiyapykh;jJ ; jy;> kw;Wk; kuzk; Mfpatw;wpd; KO tptuq;fSk; jpizf;fsj; jiytupdhy; fzf;fha;thsh; mjpgjpf;F mDg;gg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 2:10:1 Nrit epiyak; khw;wj;Jf;Fl;g ; Lj;jg;gl;l tifapy; cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH ,lkhw;wk; nra;ag;gLkplj;J> gazr; nryTfs; murhq;f epjpaj;jpypUe;J Vw;fg;gLNkh md;Nwy; rk;ge;jg;gl;l cj;jpNahfj;jh;fspdhNyNa Vw;fg;gLNkh vd;gJ Fwpg;gplg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 2:10:2 khw;wq;fs; gw;wpa ,e;j tpguj; jpul;L> Fwpj;j khjk; Kbtile;jTld; gbtk; nghJ 228 ,y; vOjg;gl;L rkh;gg ; pf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 2:10:3 ntw;wwpf;if mDg;gg;glyhfhJ. Mdhy; mLj;J mDg;gg;gLk; tptuj; jpul;by; ,Wjpahf mDg;gpa tptuj; jpul;Lj; jpfjpapypUe;J njhlh;eJ ; tUk; khjq;fspy; vt;tpj mwpf;ifAk; rkh;g;gpg;gjw;fpUf;ftpy;iy vdf; Fwpg;gply; Ntz;Lk;.

3. ngah;topg; gjpTf; Nfhg;G


3:1 fPof ; ; Fwpg;gplg;gLk; xt;Nthh; cj;jpNahfj;jUf;Fk; nghJ 230 gbtj;jpy; jahhpf;fg;gl;l ngah;topg; gjpTf; Nfhg;Gfs; Ngzg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. m

rdhjpgjpapdhy; my;yJ mikr;ruitapdhy; VNjDk; epue;jug; gjtpnahd;Wf;F epakpf;fg;gl;l Xh; cj;jpNahfj;jh;> gjtpepiy cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtuhfg; gjtp tfpf;fpd;w ,ize;j Nritf;Fupa Xh; cj;jpNahfj;jh;> gjtpepiy cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtuhfg; gjtp tfpf;fpd;w jpizf;fsk; rhh;ej ; junkhd;Wf;Fupa Xh; cj;jpNahfj;jh;. 3:2 ,e;jf; Nfhg;Gfisg; gpd;tUNthh; mikth;:NgZtjw;Fg; nghWg;ghd mjpfhupfshfg;

rdhjpgjpapdhy; epakdQ; nra;ag;gLfpd;w .. Xh; cj;jpNahfj;jh; mikr;ruitapdhy; epakdQ; nra;ag;gLfpd;w Xh; cj;jpNahfj;jh;; ,ize;j Nritapd; Xh; cj;jpNahfj;jh; .. ..

rdhjpgjpapd; nrayhsh; mikr;ruitr; nrayhsh; nghJepUthf> cs;ehl;lYty;fs; mikr;rpd; nrayhsh; jpizf;fsj; jiyth;

Vida cj;jpNahfj;jh;fs;

..

3:3 NkNy 3:2 ,d; fPo; Fwpg;gplg;gLfpd;w Vida vy;yh cj;jpNahfj;jh;fs; rk;ge;jkhfTk; ,e;jf; Nfhg;Gfisg; NgZtjw;Fg; nghWg;ghd jpizf;fsj; jiytH> ,e;jf; Nfhg;Gf;fspd; ,izg; gpujpfisAk; mtw;wpy; gpd;dhy; ,lg;gl;l gjpTfs; my;yJ jpUj;jq;fs; midj;jpd; gpujpfisAk; cupa mikr;rpd; nrayhsUf;F mDg;Gjy; Ntz;Lk;.

54

mj;jpahak; VI

4. ngah;topf; Nfhg;Gfs;
xt;Nthh; cj;jpNahfj;jh; rk;ge;jkhfTk; ngah;topf; Nfhg;Gf;fs; Ngzg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. (ngah;topg; gjpTf; Nfhg;Gf;fs; Nghd;W ,jw;fhd tpNrl gbtnkhd;W ,y;iy). ngah;topf; Nfhg;nghd;iwg; gpd;tUNthh; mikth;NgZtjw;Fg; nghWg;ghd mjpfhupfshf

cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtiu epakpf;Fk; mjpfhup cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtiug; gzpf;fkh;jJ ; k; mjpfhup cjhuzk;:- ,ize;j Nritiar; Nrh;ej ; vOJeh; xUth; rk;ge;jkhf ,ize;j Nritfs; gzpg;ghsh;; gpujhd ngah;topf; Nfhg;igg; NgZjy; Ntz;Lk;. mj;Jld; cj;jpNahfj;jh; flikahw;Wk; jpizf;fsj;jpYk; jpizf;fsf; Nfhg;nghd;W Ngzg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. cj;jpNahfj;jh; NtnwhU jpizf;fsj;jpw;F ,lkhw;wk; nra;ag;gl;ltplj;J jpizf;fsf; Nfhg;ghdJ Gjpa jpizf;fsj;Jf;F mDg;gp itf;fg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;)

5. ngah;topg; gjpTf; Nfhg;G/ ngah;topf; Nfhg;G


5:1 gjtpepiy cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtupdhy; ngah;topg; gjpTf; Nfhg;G / ngah;topf; Nfhg;G Ngzg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. gjtpepiy cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtupd; ngah;topg; gjpTf; Nfhg;G / ngah;topf; Nfhg;G cah; junkhd;wir; Nrh;ej ; gjtpepiy cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtupdhy; Ngzg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. ,t;thW nrayhw;w Kbahjtplj;J mr;re;jh;g;gq;fspy; nrayhw;wg;gl Ntz;ba tpjk; gw;wp cupa ftdk; nrYj;jg;gl;L ,e;jj; juj;ijr; Nrh;ej ; rpNul;l cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth; ,jw;Fg; nghWg;ghfr; nrayhw;Wtjw;F epakpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. cjhuzk;:mt;thW nghWg;ghf epakpf;fg;gLfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jh; gjtpAah;tpidg; ngwtpUf;Fk; re;jh;gg ; j;jpy; mj;jifa Nfhg;G rk;ge;jkhf nrayhw;w Ntz;batH jpizf;fsj; jiytuhthH. 5:2 ngah;topg; gjpTf; Nfhg;G my;yJ ngah;topg;gjpTf; Nfhg;nghd;W Ngzg;glhj cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth; rk;ge;jkhdtplj;J ngah;topf; Nfhg;gpy; vr;rupf;ifapidg; gjpT nra;a Ntz;baJ rptg;G epw ikapdhyhFk;. me;j xt;nthU re;jh;gg ; j;jpYk; cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F mJgw;wp mwptpj;jik gw;wpAk; mth; mjw;nfjpuhf tpla Kd;itg;igr; nra;jpUe;jhy; vr;rupf;if gjpT nra;ag;gLtjw;F Kd;dh; mJgw;wp Muha;eJ ; mtuJ vjph;gG ; epuhfupf;fg;gl;Ls;snjdTk; cWjpg;gLj;Jfpd;w rhd;nwhd;W xt;nthU vr;rupf;if rk;ge;jkhfTk; vOjg;gl;bUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 5:3 VNjDk; Fw;wr;rhl;nlhd;Wf;F cj;jpNahfj;jh; Fw;wthspahf;fg; gl;lhNynahopa xOf;fhw;W tplankhd;W rk;ge;jkhd fbjq;fs; vJTk; ngah;topg; gjpTf; Nfhg;gpy; my;yJ ngah;topf; Nfhg;gpy; Nfhg;gpyplg;glyhfhJ. mt;thW mth; Fw;wthspahff; fhzg;gl;lhy; Fw;wr;rhl;Lg; gj;jpuj;jpd; gpujpnahd;Wk; xOf;fhw;Wf; fl;lisapd; gpujpnahd;Wk; mjpy; Nfhg;gplg;gl;L itf;fg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. 5:4 cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUf;F vjpuhd kDnthd;W ngah;topg; gjpTf; Nfhg;gpy;/ ngah;topf; Nfhg;gpy; Nfhg;gpypl KbAkhtJ mJgw;wpa cj;jpNahfg+h;t mwpf;ifnahd;Wk; Nfhg;gpyplg;gl;bUe;jhy; khj;jpuNkahFk;.

6. me;juq;f mwpf;iffs;
6:1 ngah;topg; gjpTf; Nfhg;G Ngzg;gLfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth; njhlh;ghd me;juq;f mwpf;ifnahd;iwj; jpizf;fsj; jiyth; mikr;rpd; nrayhsUf;F mDg;Gjy; Ntz;Lk;.
55

mj;jpahak; VI

jpizf;fsj; jiyth; xUth; njhlh;ghf nrayhsupdhNyNa me;juq;f mwpf;if jahupf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk; ,ize;j Nritnahd;wpd; cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtuJ tplaj;jpy; nghJepUthf mikr;rpd; nrayhsUf;Nf me;juq;f mwpf;if mDg;gg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. ,yq;if nghwpapay; Nrit cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtuJ me;juq;f mwpf;ifahdJ nghwpapay; Nritfs; gzpg;ghsupdhy; nghJepUthf> cs;ehl;lYty;fs; mikr;rpd; nrayhsUf;F mDg;gg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. 6:2 VNjDnkhU jpizf;fsj;jpy; gzpGhpfpd;w NtnwhU tFg;G my;yJ juj;ijr; Nrh;ej ; cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtiug; gw;wp jpizf;fsj; jiytUf;F my;yJ gpw mjpfhhpnahUtUf;F me;juq;f mwpf;iffs;; rkh;gg ; pf;fg;gLk; tof;fk; ,Uf;Fkplj;J> mikr;rpd; nrayhsh; mt;tof;fj;Jf;F khwhf mwpTWj;jpdhyd;wp mt;tof;fj;ij mt;thNw gpd;gw;wy; Ntz;Lk;. 6:3 NkNy 3:2 ,d; fPo; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s Vida cj;jpNahfj;jh;fspd; tUlhe;j me;juq;f mwpf;ifapd; ,uz;lhtJ gpujp> ngah;topg; gjpTf; Nfhg;gpd; ,uz;lhtJ gpujpapy; ,izj;J itf;fg;gLtjw;fhf xt;Nthh; Mz;Lk; rdtup khjk; 31 Mk; jpfjpf;F Kd;dh; chpa mikr;rpd nrayhsUf;F fpilf;ff;$bathW mDg;gp itf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 6:4 cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUf;Fg; ghjfkhf tpsq;Fk; VNjDnkhU Fwpg;G mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jhpd; me;juq;f mwpf;ifapy; vOjg;gl;bUf;Fkplj;J mJgw;wp mtUf;F mwptpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. ,t;thwhd Fwpg;gpw;F vjpuhf vOj;J%y Ml;Nrgidnahd;iw my;yJ Nkd;KiwaPnlhd;iw rkh;gg ; pj;jhy; mjidAk; me;juq;f mwpf;ifNahL ,izj;J itj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.

7. Nritr; rhd;wpjo;
7:1 ,isg;ghWtjhNyh md;Nwy; jhkhfNt Nfl;L tpyFtjhNyh murhq;f NritapypUe;J tpyFk; murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jUf;fd;wp Ntnwe;j murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jUf;NfDk;> ve;jr; #o;epiyapYk; elj;ijiag; gw;wpNah jpwikiag; gw;wpNah Nritiag; gw;wpNah rhd;wpjo; nfhLf;fg;glyhfhJ. 7:2 ,isg;ghWifapdhy; my;yJ jhkhfNt Nfl;L tpyfpaikapdhy;; my;yJ Ntiy my;yJ elj;ij jpUg;jpaw;W tpsq;fpaik jtph;ej ; gpw fhuzq;fSf;fhfj; jw;fhypf epakdk; KbTWj;jg;gl;likapdhy; murhq;f Nritapid tplL ; tpyFk; cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtUf;F gpd;tUk; tpguq;fis cs;slf;fpa Nritr; rhd;wpjnohd;iw toq;fyhk;. cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; ngah; : murhq;fj;jpd; fPo; Nritahw;wpa fhyk; : jpizf;fsq;fspd; epiyfs; : ngah;fSlDk; jpfjpfSlDk; cs;spl;l tfpj;j gjtp

murhq;f Nritapid tpl;L tpyFtjw;fhd fhuzk : ; tpidj;jpwik : nghJ elj;ij :

56

mj;jpahak; VI

7:3 ,ize;j Nritfisr; Nrh;ej ; cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUth; njhlh;ghd ,r;rhd;wpjo;; nghJ epUthf mikr;rpd; nrayhsuhNyNa toq;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. Vida cj;jpNahfj;jh; midtupdJk; ,r; rhd;wpjo;fs; tpepNahfpf;fg;gl Ntz;baJ jpizf;fsj; jiytupdhNyNaahFk;. jpizf;fsj; jiyth; xUthpd;; tplaj;jpy; chpa mikr;rpd; nrayhsupdhy; toq;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 7:4 Nritr; rhd;wpjnohd;wpd; Nehf;fk; cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth; Ntwplnkhd;wpy; Ntiy ngw tpUk;Gkplj;J mth;> murhq;fj;jpd; fPo; gzpGhpe;j fhyf;nfLTf;Fhpa rhd;wpjnohd;whf m/J gad;gLj;jg;gLtNj vd;gjid Nritr; rhd;wpjio epug;Gfpd;w mjpfhhp kdjpw; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. Mjyhy;> chpa cj;jpNahfj;jiu> NritapyPLgLj;j tpUk;Gfpd;w NtiyjUeh;> mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jiu ,jw;F Kd;dh; NritapyPLgLj;jpa eghplkpUe;J epahakhfj; njhpe;J nfhs;tjw;F vjph;ghh;ff ; pd;w tpjj;jpyhd midj;J jfty;fisAk; mr;rhd;wpjopy; Fwpg;gpLjy; Ntz;Lk;. Nrit jpUg;jpfukhff; fhzg;glhj Xh; mYtyUf;F mj;jifa rhd;wpjnohd;iw tpepNahfpf;fpd;w NghJ> NtnwhU tiff;Fhpa njhopnyhd;iwg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;F cjtf;$ba VNjDnkhU ew;gz;G mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jhplkpUg;gpd; mJ gw;wpf; Fwpg;gL P nra;jy; Ntz;Lk;.

57

mj;jpahak; VII
rk;gsq;fs;
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 10. 11. 11. 12. 12. nghJ xU tUlj;jpd; my;yJ rk;gsj;ijf; fzpg;gply; khjj ;jpd; khjjjpd; xU gFjpf;F

Kjy; epakdj;jpd;NghJ nrYj;jg;gLk; rk;gsk; rk;gs msTj; jpl;lk; nrYj;jg;gLk; rk;gsk; xd;wpd; kPsha;tpd; NghJ

gjtp caHtpd; NghJ nrYj;jg;gLk; rk;gsk; Kd;ida gjtpf;F kPse ; pakdk; nrYj;jg;gLk; rk;gsk; nra;ag;gLk; NghJ

gzpj; gzpj; jilapd; NghJ nrYj;jg;gLk; rk;gsk; kPsr;; Nritapy; mkHj;Jjy;> khw;Wr; Nritapy; <Lgly; kw;Wk; tpLtpf;Fk; NghJ nrYj;jg;gLk; rk;gsk; rk;gs Vw;w ed;ikfs; rk;gs Vw;wq;fs; kuzpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtupd; rk;gsk; gjpy; flik rk;gsk; kw;Wk; tpNrl Nkyjpf Nkyjpf Cjpak;

58

mj;jpahak; VII
rk;gsq;fs;
1. nghJ
1:1 rk;gsq;fisj; jPHkhdpf;Fk; gzpahdJ> jhgdg; gzpg;ghsH kw;Wk; nghJj; jpiwNrupapd; tuT nryTj;jpl;lg; gzpg;ghsh; MfpNahhpd; gu];gu MNyhridiag; ngw;Wf; nfhz;L kpf neUq;fpa xj;Jiog;Gld; nraw;gLj;jg;gl Ntz;ba xU tplakhFk;. me;je;j gjtpfSf;Fhpa my;yJ juq;fSf;Fhpa murhq;f Nritapd; jw;fhy rk;gsf; fl;likg;gpDs; rk;gs msTj; jpl;lk; jhgdg; gzpg;ghshpdhy; eph;zapf;fg;gLk;. Gjpa rk;gaq;fspd; msTj; jpll ; q;fisj; jahhpf;fpd;w nghWg;Gk; nghJ rk;gs msTj; jpl;lq;fis KOikahdstpy; kPsikf;fpd;w nghWg;Gk; epjpaikr;irNa rhUk;. 1:2 Gjpa gjtp xd;Wf;F toq;fg;gl Ntz;ba rk;gsk; my;yJ rk;gs msTj;jpl;lnkhd;W gw;wpj; jPHkhdpjj ; y;> mt;thwhd rk;gsnkhd;iw my;yJ rk;gs msTj;jpl;lnkhd;iw eilKiwapYs;s rk;gs fl;likg;gpDs; cs;slf;Fjy; vd;gd jhgdg; gzpg;ghshpdhy; jPhk ; hdpf;fg;gLk;. mt;thNw mtuJ mDkjpAk; mjw;fhfj; Njitg;gLk;. 1:3 mt;thW mq;ff P hpf;fg;gl;l fl;lzj;jpd; mstpw;Fk; kw;Wk; rk;gs msTj; jpl;lj;jpw;Fk; Vw;g rk;gsj;ijf; nfhLg;gdT nra;jy; Ntz;Lk;. kjpg;gPLfspy; tpj;jpahrkhd fl;lz msTf;Nfh my;yJ msTj; jpl;lq;;fNsh Fwpg;gplg;gl;bUf;fpd;w xNu fhuzj;jpw;fhf mDkjpf;fg;gl;l fl;lzj;jpd; mstpid my;yJ msTj; jpl;lj;ij khw;wpaikj;jy; $lhJ. 1:4 nghJj; jpiwNrupapd; tuT nryTj; jpl;lg; gzpg;ghshpdhy;; cUthf;fg;gl;l> rk;gs msTj; jpl;lk; tpjpf;fg;glhj Gjpa gjtpfSf;F rk;gs msTj; jpl;lq;fis jPHkhdpg;gjw;fhd midj;J Kd;nkhopTfisAk; Kd;$l;bNa jhgdg; gzpg;ghsUf;F rkh;g;gpj;jy; Ntz;Lnkd;gNjhL mtuJ Kd;dDkjpapd;wp me;j Kd;nkhopTfis mijaLj;J tUfpd;w epjpahz;bd; kjpg;gL P fspy; cs;slf;ff; $lhJ. 1:5 ahNjDnkhU rk;gsj;ij jpUj;jpaikj;Js;s re;jh;gg ; j;jpy; mt;thW nra;a Ntz;Lk; vd;w fl;lisapy; NtW tpj;jjpy; cWjpahf $wg;gl;by;yhj re;jHg;gj;jpy; jpUj;jk; nra;ag;gl;l rk;gskhdJ> Fwpj;j jpUj;jj ; jpw;fhd fl;lisaplg;gl;l jpdj;jpypUe;Nj eilKiwf;F tUjy; Ntz;Lk;. 1:6 yPT ngw;Wf;nfhs;shJ flikf;F rKfkspf;fhj fhynkhd;W njhlHghf cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;nfjpuhf Nkw;nfhs;sg;glf;$ba xOf;fhw;W tprhuiz vJthf mike;jhYk; mtUf;F Fwpj;j fhyg gFjpf;fhf vt;tpj rk;gsKk; toq;ff; $lhJ. 1:7 gzpj;jil nra;ag;gl;l cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtupd; rk;gskhdJ 7 MtJ gpuptpd; fPo; Fwpg;gpl;gg ; l;Ls;sthW jPHkhdpf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk;. 1:8 jdJ gjtpia tpl;L tpyfpr; nrd;w cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F jdJ gjtpia tpl;L tpyfpa jpdj;jpypUe;J vt;tpj rk;gsj;ijAk; ngWtjw;F chpj;Jf; fpilahJ. mt;thNw mtUf;Fr; nrYj;j Ntz;ba VNjDnkhU njhifapypUe;J mtH Kd;$l;bNa mwptpf;fhikf;fhf xUkhjr; rk;gsj;jpw;Fr; rkkhd xU njhifapid mwtplL ; f; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;.

59

mj;jpahak; VII

2. xU tUlj;jpd; fzpgg ; ply;

my; m y;yJ

khjj;jpd;

xU

gFjpf;F

rk;gsj;ijf;

2:1 tUlhe;j mbg;gilapd; kPJ rk;gsk; epHzapf;fg;gl;Ls;s re;jHg;gq;fspy; VNjDNkhH Mz;Lf;fhf my;yJ xU khjj;jpd; xU gFjpf;fhf Fwpj;j rk;gsj;jpypUe;J nrYj;j Ntz;ba njhifahdJ> gpd;tUk; Jizg; gpupTfspy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s tpjpKiwfSf;F mika fzpg;gg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 2:2 cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtupd; tUlhe;jr; rk;gsj;ij 12 rk gFjpfshfg; gpupf;Fk; NghJ tUk; njhifahdJ Fwpjj ; cj;jpNahfj;jupd; xU gQ;rhq;f khj;jjpw;Fupa rk;gskhf mikjy;; Ntz;Lk;. 2:3 khjr; rk;gsnkhd;W chpj;Js;s toq;fg;gLk; cj;jpNahfj;jH xUth; Kjy; epakdj;jpd; NghJ VNjDk; xU khjj;jpd; Kjy; jpfjp jtpHe;j gpd;ndhU ehspy; Nritiaf; ifNaw;Fk; NghJ my;yJ xU khjj;jpy; VNjDnkhU gFjpapy; mtH rk;gskw;w yPtpy; ,Uf;Fk; NghJ mtUf;F Fwpj;j khjj;jpw;fhf nrYj;j Ntz;ba rk;gsk; mtH Fwpj;j khjj;jpy; Nritahw;wpAs;s ehl;fspd; vz;zpf;iff;F (Ntiy nra;ahj ehl;fs; cl;gl) tpfpjrkkhftpUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. vLj;Jf;fhl;L: tUlk; xd;wpw;F &gh 7>740 rk;gsj;ijf; nfhz;l gjtpnahd;wpw;F 1982.03.24 Mk; jpfjp Kjy; V vDk; egH epakpf;fg;gl;Ls;shH. khjhe;jr; rk;gsk; &ghthFk;.

gzpahw;wpa fhyg; gFjp khHr; 24 31 = 8 ehl;fs; khHr; khj;jjpw;Fupa rk;gsk; gp vDk; egH 1982 khHr; khj;jjpy; 2 ehl;fs; rk;gskw;w yPT ngw;Ws;shH. mtuJ khjhe;jr; rk;gsk; &gh. 715 MFk;. me;j khj;jjpy; mtH gzpahw;wpa ehl;fs; (31 2) = 29 ehl;fs; khHr; khj;jjpw;F nrYj;j Ntz;ba rk;gsk; 2:3:1 rk;gskw;w tpLKiw fhyg; gFjpnahd;W my;yJ miur; rk;gs tpLKiw fhyg; gFjpnahd;W murhq;f tpLKiw ehnshd;Wf;F mLj;j ehspy; ,Ue;J njhlq;Fk; NghJ my;yJ murhq;f tpLKiw ehnshd;wpw;F Kd;ida ehspy; KbtilAk; NghJ> re;jHg;gj;jpw;Nfw;wthW me;j tpLKiwf; fhyg; gFjpf;F Kd;G te;j Ke;jpa murhq;f tpLKiw ehspy; Kd;ida ehs; my;yJ Fwpj;j tpLKiw fhyg; gFjpapd; ,Wjpapy; te;j murhq;f tpLKiw ehSf;F mLj;j ehspy; Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jH flikahw;wpapUg;gpd; Fwpj;j murhq;f tpLKiw ehis me;j tpLKiw fhyg; gFjpapy; cl;gLj;jyhfhJ. vLj;Jf;fhl;L: rP vd;gtH 1981.12.31 Me; jpfjp flikf;F rKfkspj;jhH. mth; 1982.01.02 Me; jpfjp Kjy; rk;gskw;w tpLKiwapy; flikf;F rKfkspf;fhjpUe;J tpl;L 1982.01.12Me; jpfjp kPzL ; k; flikf;F tUfpwhh;. 1982.01.01 Me; jpfjp kw;Wk; 1982.01.11 Me; jpfjp Mfpa jpdq;fs; tpLKiw ehl;fshFk;.

60

mj;jpahak; VII

rk;gskw;w yPTf; fhyg;gFjp 1982.01.02 Me; jpfjp Kjy; 1982.01.10 Me; jpfjp tiuapyhd (Nkw;gb ,uz;L ehl;fSk; mlq;fyhf) 9 ehl;fshFk;. 2:4 khjnkhd;wpd; Kjy; ehs; my;yhj ehnshd;wpypUe;J cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtupd; tUlhe;j my;yJ khjhe;j rk;gsj;ij khw;wpaikf;Fk; NghJ (cjhuzkhf: rk;gs Vw;wk; toq;Fjy;> gjtp caHT toq;Fjy;> rk;gs msTj; jpl;lj;ij khw;wpaikj;jy; my;yJ rk;gsj;ij Fiwj;jy; Nghd;w fhuzq;fspdhy;) Fwpj;j khjj;jpw;fhfr; rk;gsj;ijf; fzpg;gpl Ntz;baJ> chpa rk;gskhdJ fl;lz mstpd; mbg;gilapy;; Fwpj;j khjj;jpy; gzpahw;wpa ehl;fspd; tpfpjhrhuj;jpw;F mikaNtahFk;. vLj;Jf;fhl;L : tUlk; xd;wpw;F &gh. 10>320 (khjk; xd;wpw;F &gh. 860) rk;gsk; xd;wpidg; ngWfpd;w B vDk; egH Vg;uy; khjk; 28 Mk; jpfjp 180 &gh tUlhe;j rk;gs Vw;wk; xd;wpidg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;fpwhH. mjd;NghJ Vg;uy; 01 Kjy; 27 Mk; jpfjp tiuapyhd fhyg;gFjpf;F rk;gsk; &ghthFk;

Vg;uy; 28 30 tiuapyhd fhyg; gFjpf;F rk;gsk; &ghthFk;

me;j khjj;jpw;fhd mtuJ rk;gskhdJ = &gh. 861.50 MFk;. ,jidf; fzpg;gplf; $ba kw;nwhU top gpd;tUkhW tUlk; xd;wpw;F &gh. 10>320 mbg;gilapy; khjr; rk;gskhdJ &gh. 860 MFk;. Vg;uy; 28-30 tiuapyhd rk;gs Vw;wj; njhif &. MFk;.

mjd; gpufhuk; khjr; rk;gsk; &gh. 861.50 MFk;. 2:5 rk;gsj;ijf; fzpg;gpLk;NghJ nrYj;j Ntz;ba njhifapy; xU rj;jjpw;F Fiwe;j gFjpnahd;W cs;slf;fg;gLkplj;J mj;njhifahdJ miur; rjj;ij tplTk; $Ljyhf mikAkhapd; mg;ngWkjpapid xU rjkhf nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. miur; rjk; my;yJ mjpYk; Fiwe;j ngWkjpahf mikAk; gl;rj;jpy; mg;ngWkjpapidf; fzpg;gplyhfhJ. ep.gp. 238(3) Ig; ghHf;fTk;.

3. Kjy; epakdj;jpd;NghJ nrYj;jg;gLk; rk;gsk;


3:1 ahNjDnkhU gjtpf;F cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH Kjy; epakdk; ngWk; NghJ ,g;gpuptpd; 3.3 Mk; kw;Wk; 3.4 Mk; cg gpupTfspd; fPo; my;yJ 5 Mk;
61

mj;jpahak; VII

gpuptpd; fPo; my;yJ 9 Mk; gpuptpd; fPo; mg;gjtpf;Fupa rk;gs msTj;jpl;lj;jpd; VNjDnkhU gbKiwapy; mtiu itg;gjw;F mtH jFjpaw;wtuhff; fhzg;gbd; mtiuf; Fwpj;j rk;gs msTj; jpl;lj;jpd; Muk;g gbKiwapy; itj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 3:2 ,e;jg; gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s xOq;F tpjpfspd; fPod;wp> gjtpnahd;wpw;F tpz;zg;gpf;Fk; egH xUtiu rk;gs msTj; jpl;lj;jpd; Fwpj;j xU gbKiwapy; itg;gjhf thf;FWjpaspf;fNth my;yJ Fwpj;j gbKiwapy; itf;fNth $lhJ. 3:3 cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtupd; tpNrl jifikfis kw;Wk;/ my;yJ mDgtj;ijf; fUj;jpnyLj;J rk;gs msTj; jpl;lj;jpd; VNjDnkhU gbKiwapy; itf;f KbtJ mt;thwhdnjhU tpNrl jifikfs; kw;Wk;/ my;yJ mDgtk; vd;gd fhzg;gLfpd;w tpz;zg;gjhuH xUtiu> Fwpjj ; rk;gsg; gbKiwapy; itg;gnjd;w Vw;ghL Fwpj;j gjtpf;fhf tpz;zg;gk; Nfhug;gl;l mwptpj;jypy; mjpy; cs;slf;fg;gl;bUe;jhy; khj;jpuNkahFk;. 3:4 mtiu itf;f Kbe;j cz;ikahd rk;gsg; gbKiwahdJ> Ml;NrHg;Gj; jpl;lj;jpy;; kw;Wk;/ my;yJ tpsk;gu mwptpj;jypy;; Fwpg;gplg;gl KbAk;. my;yJ njupTnra;ag;gl;l tpzz ; g;gjhuUld; fye;Jiuahb jhgdg; gzpg;ghsiu tpdtp ,Wjpj; jPHkhdk; xd;iw vLg;gjw;fhf xj;jp itf;f KbAk;. Ml;NrHg;Gj;jpl;lj;jpy; mt;thwhd Vw;ghLfis cs;slf;Ftjw;F Kd;dH jhgdg; gzpg;ghshpd; mDkjpapidg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. 3:5 mt;thwhd Vw;ghLfs; mwptpj;jypy; cs;slf;fg;gl;Ls;sNghJ njupT nra;ag;gl;l tpzz ; g;gjhuhpd; jifikfs; kw;Wk; mDgtq;fs; vd;gtw;wpid Ml;NrHg;Gr; rigapdhy; cd;dpg;ghf Muha;eJ ; Fwpj;j rk;gsg; gbKiw gw;wp jkJ ghpe;Jiuapid Kd;itf;f KbAk;. 3:6 ,q;F 3.4 Mk; cg gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s tpjpKiwfSf;F mikthf rk;gsg; gbKiwapidf; fye;Jiuahbj; jPHkhdpg;gjw;F xj;jp itj;Js;s re;jHg;gj;jpy;> mJgw;wpa ,zf;fg;ghL xd;Wf;F tUk; tiuAk;> jhgdg; gzpg;ghshpd; mDkjpapid mjw;fhfg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;Sk; tiuAk; njupT nra;ag;gl;l tpz;zg;gjhfpf;F epakdj;ij toq;ff; $lhJ. 3:7 jhgdg; gzpg;ghshpd; Kd;dDkjpapidg; ngwhJ cj;jpNahfj;jiu ahNjDnkhU rk;gsg; gbKiwapy; itg;gjw;fhd vJtpj Vw;ghl;ilAk; epakdf; fbjj;jpy; cs;slf;fyhfhJ.

4. rk;gs msTj;jpl;lk; xd;wpd; kPsha;tpd;NghJ nrYj;jg;gLk; rk;gsk;


4:1 rk;gs msTj;jpl;lnkhd;W xd;wpid khw;wpaikf;fg;gl;Ls;s NghJ gzpahw;Wfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUthpd; rk;gsj;ij Gjpjhf jpUj;jk; nra;ag;gl;Ls;s rk;gs msTj; jpl;lj;jpw;F khw;Wjy; Nkw;gb jpUj;jk; eilKiwf;F tUfpd;w jpfjpapypUe;J Nkw;nfhs;sg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 4:2 jhgdg; gzpg;ghsH; NtW tpjkhf VNjDk; fl;lisnahd;iw ,l;bUf;Fk; re;jh;gg ; k; jtpHe;j Vida re;jHg;gq;fspy;> NritapYs;s cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtupd; rk;gsj;ij gioa rk;gs msTj; jpll ; j;jpy; ,Ue;J Gjpa rk;gs msTj; jpl;lj;jpw;F khw;Wjy; gpd;tUk; cg gpupTfspd; tpjpfSf;fika Nkw;nfhs;sg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 4:3 rk;gsj;ij khw;Wk; NghJ cj;jpNahfj;jH Kd;ida rk;gs msTj; jpl;lj;jpw;Nfw;g ,Wjpahfg; ngw;Wte;j rk;gskhdJ> Gjpa rk;gs msTj; jpl;lj;jpd; rk;gsg; gbKiwfspd; ,ilNa tUkhapd;> mtiu Gjpa rk;gs msTj;jpl;lj;jpd; mjw;fLj;Js;s cs;s rk;gsg; gbKiwapy; itj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.
62

mj;jpahak; VII

4:4 rk;gs jpUj;jk; xd;wpd; NghJ> cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH ,Wjpahfg; ngw;W te;j rk;gskhdJ> Gjpa rk;gs msTj; jpl;lj;jpd; gbKiw xd;wpw;F rkkhff; fhzg;gbd;> mtH mij mLj;Js;s cah; rk;gsg; gbKiwapy; itf;fg;gLthH;. vt;thwhapDk;> cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtupd; rk;gsj;ij jpUj;jk; nra;tjw;F Kd;dH> mtuJ rk;gs Vw;wj; jpfjp> rk;gsk; khw;wk; nra;ag;gLk; jpfjp vd;gd xNu jpdkhf mikAk; gl;rj;jpy; mth; Nenuhj;j rk;gsg; gbKiwapy; itf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 4:5 jpUj;jk; nra;ag;gLk; NghJ cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH ,Wjpahf ngw;Wf; nfhz;l rk;gskhdJ> Gjpa rk;gs msTj; jpl;lj;jpd; Muk;gr; rk;gsj;ij tplTk; Fiwthff; fhzg;gbd;> mth; Gjpa rk;gs msTj; jpl;lj;jpd; Muk;gg; gbKiwapy; itf;fg;gLthH. 4:6 mtuJ mLj;j rk;gs Vw;wj; jpfjpahdJ rk;gs msTj; jpl;lk; jpUj;jk; nra;ag;gl;L eilKiwf;F te;j jpfjpahf mikjy; Ntz;Lk;. 4:7 jpUj;jk; nra;ag;gLk; re;jHg;gj;jpy; cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH jdJ rk;gs msTj; jpl;lj;jpd; cr;rj;jpy; ,Ug;ghuhapd;> mtUf;F fhj;jpUj;jy; ed;ikfisg; ngw;Wf; nfhLg;gjw;fhd gpur;rpidia Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jupd; xg;gpl;L hPjpahd Nrit %g;G> gjtp caHTf;fhd re;jHg;gq;fs; vd;gtw;wpidf; fUj;jpy; nfhz;L jhgdg; gzpg;ghsH jPHkhdpjj ; y; Ntz;Lk;. chpa re;jHg;gq;fspy; jpizf;fsj; jiytH jdJ ghpe;JiuAld; Nkw;gb jfty;fis jhgdg; gzpg;ghshplk; rkHg;gpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 4:8 Gjpa rk;gs msTj; jpl;lj;jpid cUthf;Fk; re;jHg;gj;jpy; mJ jw;NghJ gzpahw;Wk; cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;Fg; ghjfkhf mikAkhapd;> Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F jdpg;gl;l tifapy; nghUj;jj;jf;fthW mtiu gioa rk;gs msTj; jpl;lj;jpNyNa itg;gjw;F jhgdg; gzpg;ghshplk; mDkjp Nfhug;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;.

5. gjtp caHtpd;NghJ nrYj;jg;gLk; rk;gsk;


5:1 11 MtJ mj;jpahaj;jpd; 1.9 Kjy; 1.14 tiuapyhd cg gpupTfspd; fPo; nghUs; Nfhly;; nra;ag;g ; l;Ls;sthW cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH jdJ gjtp caHT eilKiwf;F tUk; jpdj;jpy; ,Ue;J cupa rk;gsj;ijg; ngWthH. 5:2 rk;gskhdJ> epue;jukhd kw;Wk; rk;gs Vw;wkw;w gl;rj;jpy; Nkw;Fwpg;gpl;l rk;gsk; mtUf;Ff; fpilf;fg;ngWk;. xd;whf mikAk;

5:3 gjtp caHT ngw;w gjtpf;Fupa rk;gsk;> rk;gs Vw;wq;fisf; nfhz;l xU rk;gs Kiwahf mikAkplj;J> mtuJ rk;gskhdJ> gpd;tUk; tpjpKiwfSf;F mika xU rk;gs msTj; jpl;lj;jpy; ,Ue;J kw;nwhU rk;gs msTj; jpl;lj;jpw;F khw;wk; nra;ag;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 5:4 gjtp caHT ngWk; re;jHg;gj;jpy; Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jH ,Wjpahfg; ngw;w rk;gskhdJ> Gjpa gjtpapd; rk;gsg; gbKiwfSf;F ,ilapy; mikAkhapd;> mtH $ba rk;gsg; gbKiwapy; itf;fg;gLtJld; mtUf;F Nkyjpf rk;gs Vw;wk; xd;Wk; toq;fg;gLk;. 5:5 gjtp caHT xd;wpd; NghJ cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH ,Wjpahfg; ngw;w rk;gskhdJ> Gjpa rk;gs msTj; jpl;lj;jpd; Muk;gr; rk;gsj;jpw;F my;yJ rk;gsg; gbKiwf;F Nenuhj;jjhf mikAk; gl;rj;jpy; mtH mLj;j cah; rk;gsg; gbKiwapy; itf;fg;gLthH. 5:6 gjtp caHT xd;wpd; NghJ cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH ,Wjpahfg; ngw;w rk;gskhdJ> Gjpa rk;gs msTj; jpll ; j;jpd; Muk;gr; rk;gsj;jpw;F xU rk;gs Vw;wj;jpd; msthy; my;yJ mjdpYk; $Ljyhd msthy; FiwAkplj;J Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jH Gjpa rk;gs msTj; jpl;lj;jpd; Muk;gr; rk;gsj;jpy; itf;fg;gLthH.
63

mj;jpahak; VII

5:7 gjtp caHT xd;wpd; NghJ cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH ,Wjpahfg; ngw;w rk;gskhdJ> Gjpa rk;gs msTj; jpl;lj;jpd; Muk;gr; rk;gsj;ij tplTk; FiwtJ> xU rk;gs Vw;wj;jpYk; ghh;ff ; Fiwe;j mstpy; FiwAkplj;J mtUf;F Gjpa rk;gs msTj; jpl;lj;jpd; Nkyjpfr; rk;gs Vw;wnkhd;W toq;fg;gLk;. 5:8 mtuJ vjph;fhy rk;gs Vw;wj; jpfjpahdJ eilKiwf;F tUk; jpfjpahf mikjy; Ntz;Lk;. Fwpj;j gjtp caHT

5:9 cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH gjtp caHnthd;iwg;ngWk; re;jHg;gj;jpy; mtH jdJ rk;gs msTj; jpl;lj;jpd; cr;rj;jpy; ,Ug;ghuhapd;> mtUf;F fhj;jpUj;jy; ed;ikfisg; ngw;Wf; nfhLj;jiy jhgdg; gzpg;ghsH Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jupd; xg;gl P L ; hPjpahd Nrit %g;G> gjtp caHT ngWtjw;Fs;s re;jHg;gq;fs; vd;gtw;wpidf; fUj;jpw; nfhz;L jPHkhdpg;ghH. mt;thwhd re;jHg;gq;fspy; jpizf;fsj; jiyth; jdJ ghpe;jiuAld; Nkw;gb jfty;fis jhgdg; gzpg;ghsUf;F rkHg;gpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 5:10 gjtp caHT ngw;w cj;jpNahfj;jH itf;fg;gl;Ls;s rk;gs msTj; jpl;lj;jpy; gjtp caHTf;fhf rpj;jpaile;jpUf;f Ntz;ba NghjpYk; ,Jtiuapy; rpj;jpailahJs;s tpidj;jpwd;fhz; jil xd;wpidj; fle;jpUg;ghuhapd;> Fwpj;j tpidj;jpwd;fhz; jilapy; rpj;jpailtjw;fhd Nkyjpf fhyj;ijg; ngw;Wf;nfhLg;gjw;Nfh my;yJ mtiu KOikahf mjpypUe;J tpLtpg;gjw;Nfh jhgdg; gzpg;ghshplkpUe;J mjpfhuk; fpilf;fg; ngw;Ws;s re;jHg;gnkhd;W jtph;ej ; Vida re;jHg;gq;fspy;> Fwpj;j tpidj;jpwd;fhz; jilapid rpj;jpailAk; tiu mtUf;Fj; njhlHe;Jk; rk;gs Vw;wq;fis toq;ff; $lhJ.

6. Kd;ida gjtpf;F kPse ; pakdk; nra;Ak;NghJ nrYj;jg;gLk; rk;gsk;


6:1 cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH xOf;fhw;W eltbf;ifapd; kPJ gjtpapypUe;J fPopwf;fg;gl;L jhd; Kd;dH tfpj;j junkhd;wpw;F my;yJ gjtpnahd;Wf;F kPs epakpf;fg;gLkplj;J mt;thW kPse ; pakdk; nra;fpd;w NghJ mtUf;F nrYj;j Ntz;ba rk;gsj;ij mtuJ xOf;fhw;Wf; fl;lisapy; tpNrlkhff; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sthNw jPHkhdpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 6:2 gjtp ,y;yhnjhopf;fg;gl;lik fhuzkhf my;yJ kpifahfpaik fhuzkhf vtNuDNkhh; cj;jpNahfj;jH Kd;dH tfpj;j gjtpf;F my;yJ juj;jpw;F kPse ; pakpf;fg;gLkplj;J> mt;thW epakpf;fg;gl;likf;fhf mtUf;Fupa rk;gskhf mika Ntz;baJ> mtH Kd;dH tfpjj ; gjptpapy; my;yJ juj;jpy; njhlh;eJ ; k; Nritahw;wp Fwpj;j gjtpapy; my;yJ juj;jpy; rk;gs Vw;wq;fis cioj;jpUg;gpd;> mjd; gpufhuk; mtUf;Ff; fpilj;jpUf;f Ntz;ba rk;gskhFk;. vt;thwhapDk; me;jr; rk;gsj;ij toq;f KbtJ mtH mt;thW kPs epakpf;fg;gl;l re;jHg;gj;jpy; Ke;jpa gjtpapy; ,Wjpahf mtH ngw;w rk;gsj;ij tplTk; mj;njhif $Ljyhf mikahj tplj;J khj;jpuNk MFk;. ahNjDnkhU fhyg; gFjpf;F mtuJ rk;gs Vw;wkhdJ jhkjpg;Gr; nra;ag;gl;bUg;gpd; mf; fhyg; gFjpf;fhf mtUf;F rk;gs Vw;w ed;ikfisg; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;ff; $lhJ. 6:2:1 mtH rpj;jpaile;Js;s tpidj;jpwd;fhz; jil xd;wpw;F Nkw;gl;l rk;gsg; gbKiw xd;wpy; mtH 6.2. cg gphptpw;fpzq;f itf;fg;gLthuhapd; mtiu Fwpjj ; tpidj;jpwd;fhz; jilapypUe;J tpLtpg;gjw;F my;yJ mtH mg; guPli ; rapy; rpj;jpailtjw;F toq;fg;gLfpd;w fhyj;ij ePbg;gjw;F jhgdg; gzpg;ghshpd; mDkjpapidg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. 6:3 jhgd tpjpf;Nfhitapd; V Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; 3 Mk; gpuptpy; Vw;ghLfs; nra;ag;gl;Ls;sthW vtNuDk; cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH> mtuJ Ntz;LNfhspd; kPJ mtH Kd;dH tfpj;j gjtpf;F my;yJ juj;jpw;F kPs epakpf;fg;gLk; NghJ> epakd mjpfhupapd; my;yJ jhgdg; gzpg;ghshpd; mDkjpAld; mt;thW kPse ; pakpf;fg;gLkplj;J gl;rj;jpy; mjid xU Gjpa epakdkhff; fUjp Gjpjhf epakpf;fg;gLk; gjtpapd; Muk;gr; rk;gsj;ij mtUf;F toq;Fjy; Ntz;Lk;.
64

mj;jpahak; VII

6:3:1 vt;thwhapDk; Muk;gr; rk;gsj;ij tplTk; $ba rk;gsk; xd;wpid mtUf;F toq;FtNj epahakhdnjdj; njhpfpd;w tpN\l re;jHg;gq;fspy;> mjw;fhf jhgdg; gzpg;ghshpd;mDkjpapid> Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jiu mg;gjtpf;F kPs epakpg;gjw;F Kd;dH ngw;Wf;nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. vdpDk; Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jH mg;gjtpiaf; iftplhJ njhlHe;Jk; gjtp tfpj;jpUe;jhy; mtH ngw;wpUf;f Kbe;j rk;gsj;jpYk; ghHf;f mjpf rk;gsnkhd;iw mg;gjtpf;F kPs tUfpd;w NghJ ngw;Wf;nfhs;s mtUf;F vf;fhuzk; nfhz;Lk; ,lkspf;ff; $lhJ. 6:4 murhq;f Nritf;F ntspNaAs;s Nrit xd;wpw;F murhq;ff; nfhs;if fhuzkhf tpLtpf;fg;gl;Ls;s cj;jpNahfj;jH xUth; mtH Kd;dH tfpj;j gjtpf;F kPzL ; k; epakpf;fg;gLkplj;J> mtH mg;gjtpapy; njhlHr;rpahf gzpahw;wp mg;gjtpf;fhd rk;gs Vw;wq;fisAk; mth; ngw;wpUg;ghuhapd; toq;f Ntz;bapUe;j rk;gsj;ijNa ngw;Wf; nfhLj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. vt;thwhapDk;> mtiu me;jr; rk;gsj;jpy; itf;f KbtJ mtUf;nfd tpjpf;fg;gl;Ls;s tpidj;jpwd;fhz; jilg; guPli ; rfspy; mtH cupa fhyj;jpy; rpj;jpaile;jpUe;jhy; khj;jpuNkahFk;. (V Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; 2 Mk; gpuptpidg; ghHf;fTk;). 6:4:1 mtH ahNjDk; xU tpidj;jpwd;fhz; jilg; guPli ; rapy; rpj;jpailjy; Ntz;Lnkd;w epge;jidia epiwNtw;wpapUf;fhjtplj;J me;j tpidj;jpwd;fhz; jilf;F NkNy fhzg;gLfpd;w rk;gsnkhd;iw mtUf;F toq;ff; $lhJ. mt;thwhd xUtH njhlHgpy; II Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; 15 Mk; gpupT njhlh;GilajhFk;. 6:4:2 vt;thwhapDk;> mtuJ tpLtpg;NghL njhlHGila tplaq;fSf;Nfw;g me;j tpidj;jpwd;fhz; jilapypUe;J rpj;jpailtjw;F mtUf;F NkYk; fhy mtfhrk; toq;FtJ nghUj;jkhapd;> epakd mjpfhupapd; ghpe;Jiu kw;Wk; jhgdg; gzpg;ghshpd;; mDkjp vd;gtw;Wld; mtUf;F NkYk; fhy mtfhrk; toq;f KbAk;. Fwpj;j ePbf;fg;gl;l fhyg; gFjpapy; rk;ge;jg;gl;l tpidj;jpwd;fhz; jilg; guPli ; rapy; mtH rpj;jpailAkplj;J>; mtH tpidj;jpwd;fhz; jilg; guPli ; rapy; cupa Neuj;jpy; rpj;jpaile;jpUe;jhy; toq;fg;gl;bUf;f Ntz;ba rk;gsj;ij toq;f KbAk;. vdpDk; mt;thW toq;fg;gLk; rk;gsk; gpd;Ndhf;fpr; nraw;glj;jf;fjhf ,Uf;ff; $lhnjd;gNjhL mtUf;F ve;jnthU rk;gs epYitAk; toq;fg;glTk; $lhJ. 6:5 murhq;f Nritf;Fg; Gwk;ghd Nritnahd;wpw;F mur nfhs;if my;yhj fhuznkhd;wpw;fhf tpLtpf;fg;gl;bUf;Fk; cj;jpNahfj;jH xUth;> mtH Kd;dH tfpj;j gjtpf;F kPzL ; k; jpUk;Gkplj;J> mtiu tpLtpf;Fk; NghJ ,Wjpahf toq;fg;gl;l rk;gsj;ij mtUf;Fg; ngw;Wf; nfhLj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. mt;thW tpLtpf;fg;gl;bUe;j fhyj;jpw;fhf mth; vt;tpj rk;gs Vw;wj;ijAk; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;F chpj;Jf; fpilahJ. (V Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; 2 Mk; gpuptpidg; ghHf;fTk;.)

7.

gzpj;; jilapd; NghJ nrYj;jg;gLk; rk;gsk; gzpj

7:1 ePjpkd;wk; xd;wpdhy; tpsf;fkwpaypy; itf;fg;gl;lik fhuzkhf gzpj;jil nra;ag;gl;l cj;jpNahfj;jH xUth; mt;thW gzpj;jil nra;ag;gl;l jpdj;jpy; ,Ue;J vt;tpj nfhLg;gdtpidAk; ngWtjw;F cupj;jw;wtuhthH. 7:2 murhq;fj;jpw;F el;lnkhd;W Vw;gLk; tifapyhd ftdaPdnkhd;W> murhq;fr; nrhj;Jf;fspd; KiwNflhd gad;gLj;jnyhd;W> Coy; eltbf;ifnahd;W> murhq;f nrhj;Jf;fs; gw;wpa Mtzq;fspd; Nghypahd ifr;rhj;jplnyhd;W / Nghypahd Mtzq;fspd; jahupg;nghd;W my;yJ mt;thwhd KiwNflhd xU nraw;ghL fhuzkhf my;yJ ,yQ;rk; ngw;Wf; nfhs;sy; ,d;Nwy; NtW ahNjDnkhU je;jpNuhghakhd Kiwapyhd rl;ltpNuhj ,yhgkPll ; nyhd;W Nghd;w Fw;wr;rhl;nlhd;wpw;fhf cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH gzpj;jil nra;ag;gl;bUg;gpd;> mt;thW gzpjj ; il nra;ag;gl;l jpdj;jpy; ,Ue;J vt;tpj
65

mj; ; pahak; VII mjj

CjpaKk; mtUf;F toq;fg;glyhfhJ. mt;thwhd re;jHg;gj;jpy; mtUf;Fhpa Cjpaj;ij epWj;Jtjw;F rk;ge;jg;gl;l nrayhsH fl;lisapLjy; Ntz;Lk;. cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth; Fw;wj;jLg;G fl;lisr; rl;lj;jpd; (22 Mk; mj;jpahak;) 18 MtJ gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s ghuJ}ukhd Fw;wk; xd;W njhlHghf jLg;Gf; fhtypy; itf;fg;gl;L gpd;dH gpizapy; tpLtpf;fg;gLthuhapd;> mt;thwhd cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F rk;gsk; vJTk; toq;fg;glyhfhJ. 7:3 mt;thwhd cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;nfjpuhf Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLfpd;w xOf;fhw;W tprhuiznahd;W %d;W khjf; fhyg; gFjpapDs; G+Hj;jpailahjtplj;J> Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jupd; rk;gsj;jpy; miug; gFjpf;F Nkw;glhj njhifapid mtUf;Fr; nrYj;Jtjw;fhd mjpfhuj;ij toq;Fk; chpik mikr;rpd; nrayhsUf;F cz;L. vdpDk; mt;thwhd nfhLg;gdT toq;fg;gl Ntz;baJ> Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jupd; gzpj;jil tpjpf;fg;gl;l jpfjpapypUe;J %d;W khj fhyg;gFjpAk;> cj;jpNahfj;jUld; rk;ge;jg;gl;l ahNjDnkhU fhuzj;jpw;fhfNth my;yJ cj;jpNahfj;jupd; Ntz;LNfhspd; kPNjh xOf;fhw;W tprhuiz gpw;Nghlg;gl;bUg;gpd; mt;thW gpw;Nghlg;gl;l fhyg;gFjpAk; KbtilAk; jpdj;jpwF ; gpe;jpa jpdj;jpy; ,Ue;J toq;Fjy; Ntz;Lk;. ,t;thwhdnjhU nfhLg;gdit Nkw;nfhs;fpd;w NghJ me;j jpdj;jpw;F Kw;gl;l fhyg; gFjpf;fhf vt;tpj nfhLg;gditAk; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;fyhfhJ. gzpj;jil nra;ag;gl;l cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH miur; rk;gsj;ijf; Nfhhp 7 Mk; gpd;dpizg;Gf;fpzq;f tpz;zg;gj;jpy; Ntz;Lk;.
T T T T T T T

7:4 gzpj;jil nra;ag;gl;ltUk; NkNyAs;s 7:1 kw;Wk; 7:2 Mk; cg gpupTfspd; fPo; tuhjtUkhd cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F gzpj;jil nra;ag;gl;l jpdj;jpy; ,Ue;J mtuJ Ntjdq;fspy; miug; gFjpia nrYj;j KbAk;. 7:4:1 vtNuDk; cj;jpNahfj;jH xUth; njhlHgpyhd tpNrl tplaq;fs; gw;wpf; ftdk; nrYj;jp Ntjdhjpfspy;; miug; gFjpf;Fk; $ba njhifapid mtUf;F toq;FkhW fl;lisapl nrayhsUf;F mDkjpAz;L. 7:5 gzpj;jil nra;ag;gl;l cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F vjpuhf Kd;itf;fg;gl;Ls;s Fw;wr;rhl;LfSf;Fg; gjpyspg;gjw;fhfg; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;fg;gl;Ls;s fhyg; gFjpapDs; mjw;F mtH gjpyspg;gjw;Fj; jtWkplj;J my;yJ Vw;Wf; nfhs;sf;$ba fhuzk; VJkpd;wp tprhuiz eilngWk; jpfjpad;W tprhuizf;F rKfkspf;fhky; ,Uf;Fkplj;J> Nkw;gb 7.3. my;yJ 7.4. cg gpupTfspd; fPo; mtUf;F mDkjpf;fg;gl;Ls;s Ntjdhjpfis toq;Ftij> mtH Fwpj;j Fw;wr;rhl;LfSf;F gjpyspf;Fk; tiu my;yJ tprhuizf;F rKfkspf;Fk; tiu ,ilepWj;Jtjw;F jpizf;fsj; jiyth; eltbf;if vLj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 7:6 gzpj;jil nra;ag;gl;l cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F vjpuhf Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLk; tprhuizapd; jPht ; hf mtH Nritapy; ,Ue;J gjtp ePff ; k; nra;ag;gLkplj;J mtUf;F nfhLg;gdT nra;ag;glhky; ,ilepWj;jg;gl;l vt;tpj NtjdhjpfisAk; toq;ff; $lhJ. 7:7 tprhuizapd; ngWNgnwhd;whf tpjpf;fg;gl;l jz;lidahdJ> NritapypUe;J gjtp ePff ; k; nra;tjpYk; ghh;ff ; f; Fiwe;jnthU jz;lidahf mikAkplj;J> nrYj;jg;glhj rk;gsk; my;yJ mjpy; xU gFjpapid toq;FtJ njhlh;gpy; jz;lidia tpjpf;fpd;w xOf;fhw;W mjpfhupapdhy; jPHkhdpg;gNjhL mj; jPhk ; hdj;ij tprhuiz mwpf;ifapy; Fwpg;gpLjYk; Ntz;Lk;. 7:8 cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F vjpuhf Rkj;jg;gl;Ls;s Fw;wr;rhl;Lf;fspypUe;J mtH tpLtpf;fg;gLtjhf xOf;fhw;W tprhuizapd; NghJ jPHkhdpf;fg;gLkplj;J> nfhLg;gdT nra;ag;glhky; ,ilepWj;jg;gl;l Ntjdhjpfs; midj;ijAk; mtUf;F kPsr; nrYj;Jjy; Ntz;Lk;. 7:9 ,g;gpupthdJ> jw;fhypf CopaH xUtUf;F my;yJ mka xUtUf;F Vw;Gilajhfh. mt;thwhd cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F
66

CopaH vjpuhf

mj;jpahak; VII

Rkj;jg;gl;Ls;s Fw;wr; rhl;Lf;fs;> mtH epue;ju gjtpnad;wpid tfpf;Fk; gl;rj;jpy; mtH gzpj;jil nra;ag;gLtjw;F fhuzkhd xU Fw;wr; rhl;lhf epakd mjpfhup fUJk; gl;rj;jpy;> nghJthf mtH Fwpj;j xOf;fhw;W tprhuiz eilngWk; tiuapy; mtuJ gzpj;jilapid Nkw;nfhs;shJ mtiu Nritapy; mkHj;jpa epge;jidfspd; gpufhuk; mtuJ Nritapid KbTWj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. Fwpj;j tprhuiz Kbtile;jjd; gpd;dH mtiu kPsg;gzpf;F mkHj;JtJ nghUj;jkhdJ vd tprhuiz ngWNgWfs; %yk; njhpatUkplj;jpy;> mtiu kPsg;gzpf;F mkHj;j KbAk;. Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jupd; tplaj;jpy; njhlhe;Jk; Fwpg;gplj;jf;f fl;Lg;ghnlhd;W Ngzg;gl Ntz;Lk; vdf; fUJk; gl;rj;jpy; mt;thwhd tpNrl fhuzq;fspdhy; mtuJ Nrit KbTWj;jg;gLkplj;jpy; mthpd;ghy; mj;jifa fl;Lg;ghl;bid njhlHe;Jk; Ngz Kbahj #o;epiy Vw;gLkhapd; mJ njhlh;gpy; jhgdg; gzpg;ghsH ehafj;jpd; MNyhridiag; ngw;Wf;nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. 7:10 cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtupd; Ntjdhjpfs; vd;gjd; %yk; fUjg;gLtJ mtuJ epue;ju gjtpf;Fupa rk;gskhFk;. mjpy; mtuJ ,ize;j rk;gsk;> tho;fi ; fr; nryT nfhLg;gdT> NtW VNjDk; nfhLg;gdTfs; ,Ug;gpd; mitAk; mlq;Fk;. flikf;fhd gbnahd;wpd; ,ay;ignahj;j VNjDk; xUgb my;yJ flikapid epiwNtw;Wfpd;w NghJ Vw;gl;l nrytpid kPse ; pug;Gfpd;w gpuahzr; nrytpdq;fs;> ; Nghf;Ftuj;Jr; nryTfs; kw;Wk; ,ize;j gbfs; Nghd;w vjidAk;; ,jpy; cs;slf;ff; $lhJ.

8. kPzL Nrita ritapy; ; k; Nritapy; mkHj;jy;> khw;WN ritapy; <Lgly; tpLtpf;fg;gly; Mfpatw;wpd;NghJ NghJ nrYj;jg;gLk; rk;gsk;

kw;Wk;

8:1 gjtpapypUe;J Nfl;L tpyFjy;> jFjpfhz; fhyj;jpw;Fs; epakdj;ij KbTWj;jy;> gjtpia tplL ; r; nry;yy;> gjtp ePff ; k; nra;jy; ,d;Nwy; Ntiy my;yJ elj;ijapd; jpUg;jpfukw;w jd;ik fhuzkhf Nritia KbTWj;jy; Nghd;w fhuzq;fSf;fhf murhq;fj;jpy; Kd;dH tfpjj ; gjtp KbTWj;jg;gl;Ls;s cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH gpd;dH xU re;jHg;gj;jpy; kPzL ; k; gzpf;fkHj;jg;gLthuhapd; mtuJ Ke;jpa Nrit KbTWj;jg;glf; fhuzkhd epfo;Tf;F Kd;dH mtH gzpahw;wpa ve;jf; fhyg; gFjpf;Fk; vt;tpj ed;ikapidAk; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s mtUf;F chpj;Jf; fpilahJ. ,t;thwhd XH cj;jpNahfj;jUf;fhd rk;gskhdJ> Gjpjhf gjtpnahd;wpw;F epakpf;fg;gLfpd;w xUthpd; rk;gsk; jPhk ; hdpf;fg;gLfpd;w tpjj;jpNyNa jPhk ; hdpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 8:2 murhq;f Nritapy; VNjDk; gjtpnahd;wpid tfpf;Fk; cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH> murhq;f Nritapd; NtnwhU gjtpapy; flikapidg; nghWg;Ngw;gjw;fhf tpLtpf;fg;gl;L> mg;gjtpf;F epakpf;fg;gLk; NghJ jdJ fle;j Nritf;fhf 9 Mk; gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s Vw;ghLfspd; gpufhuk; rk;gs Vw;w ed;ikfisg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;tjw;F mtUf;F cupikAz;L. 8:3 murhq;f NritapypUe;J Xa;Tngw;w cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH Xa;T+jpa cupj;jpd; mbg;gilapy; kPsg; gzpf;fkHj;jg;gLk; NghJ mtUf;F Xa;T+jpar; rk;gsnkhd;W my;yJ Xa;T+jpag; gbnahd;W nrYj;jg;gLkhapd; mJ> mt;thW kPsg; gzpf;fkHj;jg;gl;l jpdj;jpypUe;J epWj;jg;gly; Ntz;Lnkd;gNjhL> mtuJ rk;gskhdJ gpd;tUkhW jPHkhdpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 8:4 mtH kPsg; gzpf;fkHj;jg;gLtJ> mtH Xa;TngWk; NghJ tfpj;j gjtpf;F my;y ; J juj;jpw;F my;yJ NtnwhU gjtpf;F my;yJ juj;jpw;nfdpy> ; mtuJ fle;j NritfSf;fhf 9 Mk; gpuptpd; Vw;ghLfspd; gpufhuKk; mt;Ntw;ghLfSf;Fl;gl;Lk; mtUf;F rk;gs Vw;w ed;ikfis ngw;Wf; nfhLj;jy; Ntz;Lnkd;gNjhL kPsg; gzpf;fkHj;Jtjdhy; mtUf;F nrYj;j Ntz;ba rk;gsk; kw;Wk; mtuJ vjph;fhy rk;gs Vw;wj; jpfjp vd;gtw;iw me;jg; gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s Vw;ghLfspd; fPo; jPHkhdpjj ; y; Ntz;Lk;. 8:5 mtH kPsg; gzpf;fkHj;jg;gLtJ Xa;TngWk; NghJ tfpj;j gjtpf;Nfh my;yJ juj;jpw;Nfhntdpd;> ; Xa;TngWk; NghJ ngw;Wf; nfhz;bUe;j rk;gsj;ij
67

mj;jpahak; VII

mtUf;Fg; ngw;Wf; nfhLj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. NkYk;> mtuJ vjph;fhy rk;gs Vw;wj; jpfjpahdJ kPsg; gzpf;fkHj;jg;gl;l jpfjpahFk;. ; 8:6 mur Nritnahd;wpypUe;J Xa;Tngw;w cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH Xa;T+jpa chpj;jw;w mbg;gilapy; kPsg; gzpf;fkHj;jg;gLkplj;J xUGwkhf (gbfsw;w) Xa;T+jpar; rk;gsj;ijAk; kWGwkhf mtH kPsg; gzpf;fkHj;jg;gl;l gjtpf;Fupa rk;gsk; kw;Wk; gbfisAk; mt;thwpd;Nwy; mikr;ruitapdhy; mDkjpf;fg;gl;l xg;ge;j mbg;gilapyhd rk;gsk; kw;Wk; tho;fi ; fr; nryTg;gb vd;gdTk; mtUf;F toq;fg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. jhd; Kd;dH tfpj;j gjtpf;F kPsg; gzpf;fkHj;jg;gLkplj;J mtH Xa;TngWk; NghJ ngw;Wte;j rk;gsj;jpNyNa kPzL ; k; epakpf;fg;gLthH. 8:7 ahNjDnkhU gjtp xopf;fg;gl;lik fhuzkhf my;yJ kpifahfpaik fhuzkhf cj;jpNahfj;jH xUth; epakd mjpfhupapd; mq;fPfhuj;Jld; NtnwhU gjtpapd; khw;Wr; Nrit xd;wpy; <LgLj;jg;gLkplj;J mg;gjtpapd; mtUf;Fupa rk;gskhdJ> 9 Mk; gpuptpd; fPOs;sthW jPHkhdpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 8:8 jdJ gjtpapy; epue;jukhf;fg;gl;l cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH mg;gjtpia tfpg;gjw;F nghUj;jkw;wtH vd mjd; gpd;duhd VNjDnkhU re;jHg;gj;jpy; kUj;Jt rignahd;wpdhy; jPHkhdpf;fg;gl;L> epakd mjpfhupapd; mq;ff P huj;Jld; mtH mjw;Fg; gjpyhf NtnwhU gjtpapd; khw;Wr;Nrit xd;wpy; <LgLj;jg;gLkplj;J gl;rj;jpy;> mtUf;F toq;f Ntz;ba rk;gskhdJ 9 Mk; gpuptpd; fPo; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sthW jpHkhdpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 8:8:1 flikapy; <Lgl;Ls;sNghJ Vw;gl;l tpgj;J xd;wpd; fhuzkhf my;yJ cz;ikahfNt mtuJ Nritapd; jd;ik kw;Wk; epiyik vd;gd fhuzkhf Vw;gl;bUf;ff; $Lnkd;W fUjg;glf;$ba rk;gtk; xd;wpd; fhuzkhf cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH gjtp tfpg;gjw;F jFjpaw;wtH vd;W Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s re;jHg;gj;jpy;> Nkw;gb 9 Mk; gpuptpd; gpufhuk; mtUf;F nrYj;JkhW fl;lisaplg;gl;Ls;s rk;gskhdJ mtH Kd;dH tfpj;j gjtpf;Fupa rk;gsj;ij tplTk; FiwthftpUf;Fkplj;J> mtH rpukq;fis vjph;nfhs;s Ntz;b NeupLk; vd;W fUjg;gLkhapd; nghUj;jkhdnjdf; fUjg;gLk; rpy epge;jidfspd; fPo> ; 4 Mk; gpuptpd; fPo; me;jr; rk;gsj;ij epHzapf;FkhW jhgdg; gzpg;ghshplk; Ntz;LNfhs; xd;iw tpLf;f KbAk;. vdpDk; ve;jnthU re;jh;gg ; j;jpYk; khw;Wr; Nritapy; toq;fg;gl;Ls;s Gjpa gjtpapd; cr;rr; rk;gsg; gbKiwapYk; ghh;ff ; $Ljyhd rk;gsj;ijg; ngw mtUf;F chpj;Jf; fpilahJ.

9. rk;gs Vw;w ed;ikfs;


9:1 murhq;fg; gjtpnahd;wpy; epue;ju my;yJ jw;fhypf mbg;gilapy; Kd;dH gjtp tfpj;Js;s cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH kPzL ; k; murhq;fg; gjtp xd;Wf;F epakpf;fg;gLkplj;J> mtH Kd;dH tfpj;j gjtp rhHghf gpd;tUk; cg gpupTfspy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s Vw;ghLfspd; gpufhuk; mtUf;F rk;gs Vw;w ed;ikapidg; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;f KbAk;. 9:2 gpd;tUk; Nritf; fhyf;nfLf;fs; Vw;wq;fisg; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;ff;$lhJ. rhh;ghf mt;thwhd rk;gs

9:2:1 mtH epakpf;fg;gl;Ls;s Gjpa gjtpf;fhf tpjpf;fg;gl;Ls;s jifikfisg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;tjw;fhf Mw;wg;gl;l Ke;jpa Nritf;Fhpa ve;jnjhU fhyf;nfLTk; rhHghf>

vLj;Jf;fhl;L: II Mk; juj;jpd; nkf;fhdpf; xUtuhf Ie;J tUlfhy mDgtk; ,Uj;jy; Ntz;Lnkd;gJ ahNjDnkhU gjtpf;nfd tpjpf;fg;gl;Ls;s jifikfspy;
68

mj;jpahak; VII

xd;whFk;. V vDk; egH II Mk; juj;jpy; nkf;fhdpf; xUtuhf VO tUlk; gzpahw;wpAs;shH. vdNt ,jd; gpufhuk; V vd;gtUf;F mr;Nritapd; rk;gs Vw;w ed;ikapid 2 tUlq;fSf;F khj;jpNk ngw;Wf;nfhLf;f KbAk;. 9:2:2 tpidj;jpwdw;w fhuzj;jpdhy; Xa;Tngwr; nra;jy;> NritapypUe;J Nfl;L tpyFjy;> jFjpfhz; epakdnkhd;iw KbTWj;jy;> gjtpia tpl;Lr; nry;yy;> gjtp ePff ; k; nra;jy; my;yJ NtiyNah elj;ijNah jpUg;jpfukhdjhff; fhzg;glhikapdhy; Nritapid KbTWj;jy;; Nghd;w ,t;thwhd rk;gtnkhd;wpw;F Kd;dH gzpahw;wpAs;s ve;jnthU fhyg; gFjpf;Fk; my;yJ fhyg; gFjpfSf;Fk; vLj;Jf;fhl;L: gp vDk; egH 1974.04.28 Kjy; 1976.10.07 tiu murhq;fg; gjtpnahd;iw tfpj;Js;shH. me;jj; jFjpfhz; epakdk; ,uj;Jr; nra;ag;gl;ljd; fhuzkhf mtuJ NritahdJ 1976.10.07 Me; jpfjp Kjy; KbTWj;jg;gl;lJ. mtH 1977.07.25 Mk; jpfjp kPsTk; gzpf;fkHj;jg;gl;L 1981.07.01 Mk; jpfjp tiu gjtp tfpj;J md;iwa jpdj;Jld; NritapypUe;J Nfl;L tpyFfpd;whH. mjd; gpd;dH mtH NtW epakdnkhd;iwg; ngWkplj;J ,e;jf; fhyg; gFjpfspy; ,uz;by; VNjDk; xd;wpw;F mtUf;F rk;gs Vw;w ed;ikapidg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;tjw;F vt;tpj cupikAk; fpilahJ. 9:2:3 jpUg;jpfukw;wnjd mwptpf;fg;gl;Ls;s ve;jnthU fhyf;nfL (mjhtJ ahNjDnkhU fhyg; gFjpapDs; rk;gs Vw;wnkhd;wpid jw;fhypfkhf ,ilepWj;Jjy; my;yJ Fiwj;jy; my;yJ epWj;jp itj;jy; my;yJ jhkjpf;fr; nra;jy;; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;bUg;gpd; mj;jifa fhyg;gFjp) rhh;ghf 9:2:4 ahNjDnkhU Nritf; fhyg; gFjpapd; gpd;dH me;jr; Nritf; fhyg; gFjpia tplTk; ePzl ; fhyg;gFjpnahd;wpdhy; NritahdJ ,ilapy; Kwpgl;bUg;gpd; mt;thwhd fhyg; gFjp rhh;ghf 9:2:5 MWkhjj;jpw;F Fiwe;j ahNjDnkhU fhyg; gFjp rhh;ghf

9:2:6 cj;jpNahfj;jh; epakdk; ngw;Ws;s Gjpa gjtpnahd;iw tplTk; Fiwe;j juj;ijf; nfhz;l gjtpnahd;wpy; gjtp tfpj;Js;s ahNjDnkhU fhyg; gFjp rhh;ghf 9:2:7 cj;jpNahfj;jH epakdk; ngw;Ws;s Gjpa gjtpf;nfd mg;NghJ fhzg;gl;l rk;gs msTj; jpll ; j;jpd; Muk;g rk;gsj;ij tplTk; Fiwe;j rk;gsk; ngw;W gzpahw;wpAs;s ahNjDnkhU fhyg; gFjp rhh;ghf 9:3 rk;gs Vw;w ed;ikapidg; ngw;Wf;nfhLf;f KbtJ Fwpj;j egh; epakpf;fg;gl;Ls;s Gjpa gjtpia tplTk; caHthd my;yJ Gjpa gjtpf;F rkkhd juj;jpidf; nfhz;l gjtpnahd;wpy; Kd;dH Mw;wpa Nritfs; rhh;ghf khj;jpuNkahFk;. ; 9:4 cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH jdJ NritKwpnthd;wpd;wp xU gjtpapy; ,Ue;J kw;nwhU gjtpf;F khwpr; nry;Ykplj;J> Kd;dH tfpj;j gjtpapd; rk;gs msTj; jpl;lkhdJ mth; epakpf;fg;gl;Ls;s Gjpa gjtpapd; rk;gs msTj; jpl;lj;jpid tplTk; $Ljyhf my;yJ rkepiyapy; fhzg;glhjtplj;J Kd;dH tfpj;j gjtpapy; gpd;tUk; fhyg; gFjpfSf;fhf mtUf;F rk;gs Vw;w ed;ikapidg; ngw;Wf;nfhLj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 9:4:1 Gjpa gjtpapd; Muk;gr; rk;gsj;ij tplTk; $Ljyhd rk;gsk; xd;iwg; ngw;W Nritahw;wpAs;s fhyg; gFjpfSf;fhf
69

epiyahd

mj;jpahak; VII

9:4:2 Gjpa gjtpapd; Muk;gr; rk;gsk; my;yJ Muk;gr; rk;gsj;ij tplTk; $Ljyhd rk;gsg; gbKiwf;Fupa rk;gsk; xd;wpidg; ngw;W Nritahw;wpAs;s fhyg; gFjpf;fhf. vLj;Jf;fhl;L: V vDk; egH epiyahd tUlhe;jr; rk;gskhf 7>230 &ghitg; ngWfpd;w gjtpnahd;wpy; 10 tUl fhyk; gzpahw;wpAs;shH. mtH Nrit Kwptpd;wp> &gh.6600 - 8x90 - 7320 vd;w tUlhe;jr; rk;gs msTj;jpl;lk; nfhz;l gjtpnahd;Wf;F epakpf;fg;gl;Ls;shH. epiyahd rk;gskhdJ Muk;gr; rk;gsj;ij tplTk; $Ljyhff; fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. mjdhy; epiyahd rk;gsj;ijg; ngw;W gzpahw;wpAs;s Nritf; fhyj;ij rk;gs Vw;w ed;ikiag; ngw;Wf; nfhLg;gjw;fhf fzf;fpnyLf;f KbAk;. gp vDk; egh; &gh. 6780 - 8x907500 vd;w tUlhe;j rk;gs msTj; jpl;lk; cupj;Jila gjtpnahd;wpy; 8 tUl fhyk; Nritahw;wp tUlnkhd;wpw;F 7>410 &gh rk;gsk; ngw;W tUfpd;whH. mtH Nrit Kwptpd;wp &gh. 7320 - 2x90 kw;Wk; 6x120 - 8220 vd;w tUlhe;j rk;gs msTj;jpl;lk; nfhz;l gjtpnahd;wpw;F epakpf;fg;gl;Ls;shH. Kd;ida gjtpapy; Kjy; Ie;J tUlq;fisAk; mtH 7>320 &gh vd;w Muk;g rk;gsj;ij tplTk; Fiwe;j rk;gsg; gbKiwapy; gzpahw;wpAs;shH. mjdhy; Fwpj;j fhyg; gFjpahdJ rk;gs Vw;w ed;ikapidg; ngw;Wf;nfhLg;gjw;F fzpg;gplg;gl khl;lhJ. 6 Mk; tUlj;jpw;F gpw;gl;l fhyj;ij rk;gs Vw;w ed;ikapidg; ngw;Wf; nfhLg;gjw;F ftdj;jpy; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. 9:5 ,q;F 9.3 Kjy; 9.4. tiuahd cg gpupTfspd; fPohd Vw;Wf;nfhs;sg;glj;jf;f Kd;Nritf; fhyf;nfL rhh;ghf rk;gs Vw;wed;ikapidg;; ngw;Wf;nfhLf;f KbtJ Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jH epakpf;fg;gl;Ls;s Gjpa gjtpf;F Fwpj;j fhyg; gFjpapDs; eilKiwapy; ,Ue;j rk;gs msTj; jpl;lj;jpD}lhf khj;jpuNk MFk;. NtWtpjkhff; Fwpg;gpLtjhapd; Gjpa gjtpf;F mf;fhyg; gFjpapDs; eilKiwapy; fhzg;gl;l rk;gs msTj; jpl;lj;jpd; gpufhuk; Nkw;Fwpg;gplg;gl;l fhyg; gFjp rhHghf Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F rk;gsk; toq;fg;gl;bUg;gpd; mtuhy; cioj;jpUf;ff; $bajhftpUe;j rk;gsj;ij fzpg;gpl;L mwpe;Jnfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. vLj;Jf;fhl;L: ; V vDk; egH; &gh. 3>900 - 15x180 x 6600 vd;w tUlhe;j rk;gs msTj; jpl;lj;ijf; nfhz;l gjtpnahd;Wf;F 1981.01.01 Me; jpfjp Kjy; epakdk; ngw;Ws;shH. mjw;F Kd;dH mtH tfpj;j gjtpapy; ,Wjpahf mtH tUlnkhd;wpw;F 4>620 &gh rk;gsnkhd;wpidg; ngw;Ws;shH. rk;gs Vw;w ed;ikapidg; ngw;Wf;nfhLg;gjw;fhf 1975.01.01 Kjy; 1978.02.16 tiuapyhd Kd;Nritf; fhyj;jpidf; fUj;jpy; nfhs;s KbAk;. 1975.01.01 Kjy; 1978.02.16 tiuapyhd fhyg; gFjpapDs; ,g;gjtpf;Fupa tUlhe;j rk;gs msTj; jpl;lkhdJ &gh. 3432 - 7x144 kw;Wk; 8x180 - 5880 Mf mikAkhapd; mtUf;F Fwpj;j fhyg;gFjpf;fhf rk;gs Vw;w ed;ikapidg; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;f Ntz;baJ &gh. 34327x144 kw;Wk; 8x1805880 vDk; rk;gs msTj; jpl;lj;jpD}lhf gpd;tUkhwhFk;. 75.01.01 - &gh. 3>432 76.01.01 - &gh. 3>576 77.01.01 - &gh. 3>720 78.01.01 - &gh. 3>864 78.02.16 - &gh. 3>864 cioj;j rk;gsk; &gh. 3>864 MFk;.
70

mj;jpahak; VII

9:5:1 cioj;j rk;gsj;ij fzpg;gpLtjw;F mbg;gilahff; nfhs;sg;gLk; rk;gs msTj; jpll ; q;fs; kPsikf;fg;gl;bUg;gpd;> mt;thW cioj;j rk;gsj;ij> chpa rk;gsj; jpUj;jj;jpy; mDkjpf;fg;gl;Ls;s mbg;gilf;fika kPsikf;fg;gl;l rk;gs msTj; jpl;lj;jpw;F khw;wpaikj;Jf; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. mt;thwhd re;jHg;gnkhd;wpy; 9.6. kw;Wk; 9.7 cg gpupTfspd; gpufhuk; Gjpa gjtpf;fhd rk;gsj;ijj; jPHkhdpg;gjw;fhf fUj;jpw; nfhs;s Ntz;ba cioj;j rk;gskhf mika Ntz;ba njhifahdJ> Nkw;Fwpg;gplg;gl;lthW khw;wpaikf;fg;gl;l rk;gskhFk;. 9:6 cj;jpNahfj;jh; mtuJ Gjpa gjtpapy; itf;fg;gl Ntz;ba rk;gsj;ijj; jPHkhdpg;gjw;fhf fzpg;gplg;gl Ntz;ba rk;gskhf mika Ntz;ba njhif mtH Kd;dH tfpj;j gjtpapy; ,Wjpahfg; ngw;w rk;gsk; myyJ 9.5. Mk; cg gpuptpd; gpufhuk; cioj;j rk;gsk; vd;w ,uz;by; vJ Fiwthf fhzg;gLfpd;wNjh mJthFk;. vLj;Jf;fhl;L: ; Nkw;Fwpg;gplg;gl;l cjhuzj;jpy;; ,Wjpapy; ngw;Wf;nfhs;sg;gl;l rk;gskhdJ tUlnkhd;wpw;F &gh. 4>620 MFk;. cioj;j tUlhe;jr; rk;gskhdJ &gh. 3>864 MFk;. ,jd; mbg;gilapy; fzf;fplg;gl Ntz;ba rk;gskhdJ &gh. 3>864 MFk;. 9:7 cj;jpNahfj;jH epakpf;fg;gl;Ls;s Gjpa gjtpapy; mtiu itf;f Ntz;ba rk;gsg; gbKiwfs; gpd;tUkhW jPhk ; hdpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 9:7:1 ,q;F 9.6. vd;w cg gpuptpd; gpufhuk; fUj;jpw; nfhs;sg;gl Ntz;ba rk;gskhdJ Gjpa gjtpf;Fupa rk;gsj;ij tplTk; Fiwthf fhzg;gLkhapd; mtiu Muk;g rk;gsg; gbKiwapy; itj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. Gjpa gjtpf;F epakpf;fg;gl;l jpfjpahdJ vjph;fhy rk;gs Vw;wj; jpfjpahf mikAk;. 9:7:2 ,q;F 9.6. cg gpuptpd; gpufhuk; fUj;jpy; nfhs;sg;gl Ntz;ba rk;gsj; njhifahdJ Gjpa gjtpapd; ahNjDnkhU rk;gsg; gbKiwf;F rkkhf mikAkhapd;> mtiu mjw;F mLj;Js;s rk;gsg; gbKiwapy; itj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. Gjpa gjtpf;F epakdk; ngw;w jpfjpNa vjph;fhy rk;gs Vw;wj; jpfjpahfTk; mikjy; Ntz;Lk;. 9:7:3 ,q;F 9.6. vd;w cg gpuptpd; gpufhuk; fUj;jpw; nfhs;sg;gl Ntz;ba rk;gskhdJ> ,Wjpahfg; ngw;w rk;gskhff; fhzg;gl;l NghjpYk; mj;njhifahdJ Gjpjhf epakpf;fg;gl;l gjtpf;Fupa rk;gs msTj; jpll ; j;jpd; VNjDnkhU gbKiwf;F rkkhf mikahjtplj;J mtiu mjw;F mLj;jjhf cs;s rk;gsg; gbKiwapy; itj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. Gjpa gjtpf;F epakdk; ngw;w jpfjpNa vjph;fhy rk;gs Vw;wj; jpfjpahfTk; mikjy; Ntz;Lk;. 9:8 rk;gs Vw;w mD$yq;fs; njhlh;ghf ,r;rl;lj;ij NghJ gpd;tUk; tplaq;fis ftdj;jpy; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. mKy;gLj;Jfpd;w

9:8:1 ve;jNthH cj;jpNahfj;jUf;Fk; mtH epakdk; ngw;Ws;s gjtpapd; Muk;g rk;gsj;ij tplTk; Fiwe;j rk;gsk; xd;wpid toq;fyhfhJ. 9:8:2 ve;jNthH cj;jpNahfj;jUf;Fk; mtH epakdk; ngw;Ws;s gjtpf;Fupa cr;r rk;gsj;ij tplTk; $Ljyhd rk;gsnkhd;iw toq;fyhfhJ.

71

mj;jpahak; VII

9:8:3 cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH Kd;dH tfpj;j gjtpia tplTk; fpo; epiyg; gjtp xd;Wf;F epakpf;fg;gLkplj;J> (9.3. kw;Wk; 9.4. vd;w cg gpupTfspd; fPo; Vw;Wf;nfhs;sf; $ba) mtuJ KOr; Nritf; fhyKk; mf; fPo; epiyg; gjtpapy; mikAkhapd;; mtUf;F fpilf;f Ntz;bapUe;j rk;gsj;ij tplTk; $Ljyhd rk;gsk; xd;W ve;jNthH cj;jpNahfj;jUf;Fk; fpilf;ff; $lhJ. 9:9 cs;Suhl;rp Nritapy; epue;ju kw;Wk; Xa;T+jpa cupj;Jila gjtp tfpf;Fk; cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH> murhq;f Nritapy; gjtpnahd;iw nghWg;Ngw;gjw;fhf tpLtpf;fg;gl;L Fwpj;j mur Nritf;Fhpa mg; gjtpf;F epakpf;fg;gLkplj;J> cs;Suhl;rp Nritapy; mtH tfpjj ; Nritf; fhyj;jpid mur Nrit xd;whff; fUjp ,r; rl;lj;jpd; fPo; mtUf;F rk;gs Vw;w ed;ikapidg; ngw;Wf;nfhLf;f KbAk;.

10. 10.

rk;gs Vw;wq;fs;

10:1 cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F rk;gs Vw;wk; xd;wpid cupik xd;whfg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;F mDkjp fpilahJ. jdJ flikfis tpidj;jpwNdhLk; Nrhk;gypd;wpAk; epiwNtw;Wtjd; %yKk; kw;Wk; rk;gs Vw;wf; fhyg; gFjpapDs; KOikahfg; gzpahw;Wtjd; %yKk; Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jh; me;jr; rk;gs Vw;wj;jpid cioj;Jf; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. ; (10.9 Mk; cg gpupitg; ghHf;fTk;). rk;gs Vw;wk; xd;wpid toq;Ftjw;F Kd;dH cj;jpNahfj;juhy; mjid cioj;Jf; nfhs;tjw;Fj; Njitahd tplaq;fisg; G+Hj;jp nra;Js;shH vd;W cupa mjpfhuk; ngw;w cj;jpNahfj;jh; ifr;rhj;jpLjy; Ntz;Lk;. 10:2 cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH njhlHgpy; mt;thwhdnjhU rhd;wpjio toq;f Kbahj tplj;J mtUf;Fupa rk;gs Vw;wj;ijg; ngw;Wf; nfhLg;gJ kWjspf;fg;gLk;. rk;gs Vw;wj;ij jw;fhypfkhf ,ilepWj;jk; nra;jy;> Fiwj;jy;> epWj;Jjy;> gpw;Nghly;; Nghd;w Kiwfspy; VNjDk; xU Kiwapy; mk; kWjspg;ig Nkw;nfhs;s KbAk;. rk;gs Vw;wnkd;iw jw;fhypfkhf ,ilepWj;jy; vd;gjd; %yk; fUjg;gLtJ Fwpj;j fhyg;gFjp xd;wpDs; rk;gs Vw;wj;jpid toq;fhJ epWj;jpitj;J me;jf; fhyg;gFjpapd; ,Wjpapy;> gpd;dH me;j rk;gs Vw;wj;ij toq;f Ntz;Lnkd eph;zapf;Fkplj;J Fwpj;j rk;gs Vw;wj;jpid ngWtjw;F cupj;Jilajhf fhzg;gl;l jpdj;jpy; ,Ue;J me;j cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F mjidg; ngw;Wf;nfhLg;gjhFk;. jw;fhypf ,ilepWj;jk; vd;gJ Vw;fdNt toq;fg;gl;Ls;s fle;j Mz;bw;fhd rk;gs Vw;wj;jpid ,ilepWj;JtjhfTk; mikjy; $Lk;> ; my;yJ fpilf;fg;ngw;Ws;s rk;gs Vw;wk; xd;wpid ,ilepWj;jk; nra;jyhfTk; mikayhk;. rk;gs Vw;wnkhd;wpid ,ilepWj;jk; nra;jy; vd;gjd; %yk; fUjg;gLtJ cupa fhyg; gFjpapDs; rk;gs Vw;wj;jpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;fhJ mf; fhyg;gFjpapd; ,Wjpapypy;> mjw;fhd mDkjp fpilf;fg;ngWkplj;J mjid ,ilepWj;jpypUe;j fhyg; gFjpapDs; jf;f itj;Jf; nfhz;l gzj;ij nrYj;jhJ Fwpj;j rk;gs Vw;wj;jpid mDkjpj;j jpfjpapypUe;J ngw;Wf; nfhLg;gjhFk;. rk;gs Vw;wnkhd;iwf; Fiwj;jy; vd;gjd; %yk; fUjg;gLtJ> toq;Ftjw;F cj;Njrpf;fg;gl;Ls;s rk;gs Vw;wnkhd;iwad;wp Vw;fdNt ngw;Wf;nfhLf;fg;gl;Ls;s rk;gs Vw;wk; xd;wpidf; Fiwg;gjhFk;. rk;gsNtw;wnkhd;iw gpw;Nghly; vd;gjd; %yk; fUjg;gLtJ fpilf;f Ntz;bAs;s rk;gs Vw;wk; xd;wpid epue;jukhfNt toq;fhJ epWj;JtjhFk;. ,jd; %yk; rk;gsj;jpy; Vw;gLk; el;lkhdJ Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jH jdJ gjtpapy; my;yJ juj;jpy; cr;r rk;gsj;ij milAk; tiu jhf;fk; nrYj;Jk;. vLj;Jf;fhl;L: ; V vDk egH &gh. 7>740 tUlhe;jr; rk;gsk; xd;wpidg; ngWfpd;whH. &gh. 120 ngWkjpahd mtUf;Fupa mLj;j rk;gs Vw;wkhdJ 1982.07.01 Me; jpfjp toq;fg;gl Ntz;bAs;sJ.
72

mj;jpahak; VII

(i)

fpilf;f Ntz;bAs;s rk;gs Vw; Vwwj; ;wj;ij jw;fhypfkhf ,ilepWj;jk; nra;jy; - A+iy khjk; Kjyhk; jpfjp fpilf;f Ntz;bapUe;j rk;gs Vw;wk; %d;W khjf; fhyg;gFjpf;F jw;fhypfkhf ,ilepWj;jg;gLkplj;J gl;rj;jpy; xf;NlhgH 01Mk; jpfjp tiuapy; mtUf;F 7>740 &gh rk;gsk; fpilf;Fk;. xf;NlhgH 01 Mk; jpfjp Nkw;Fwpg;gl;l rk;gs Vw;wj;ij ngw;Wf; nfhLg;gjw;F jPHkhdpf;fg;gLkhapd; A+iy khjk; 01 Mk; jpfjp Kjy; mtUf;F tUlhe;jk; 78>60 &gh tUlhe;jr; rk;gsk; ngw;Wf;nfhLf;fg;gLk;. NkYk; A+iy> Xf];l; kw;Wk; nrg;nlk;gH Mfpa khjq;fSf;F nrYj;jhJ ,ilepWj;jp itf;fg;gl;l rk;gs Vw;wj;jpd; ngWkjpahd (10x3) 30 &gh njhif mtUf;F toq;fg;gLk;. toq;fpAs;s rk;gs Vw;wnkhd;wpid jw;fhypfkhf ,ilepWj;jk; nra;jy;:mtuJ rk;gs Vw;wj;ij %d;W khjq;fSf;F jw;fhypfkhf ,ilepWj;Jtjw;F 1982 Mk; Mz;L [dtup khjj;jpy; jPHkhdpf;fg;gLkplj;J> 1982 [dtup khjk; 01 Mk; jpfpjpapypUe;J mtuJ rk;gskhdJ &gh. 7>740 ypUe;J &gh. 7>670; tiu Fiwf;fg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. jw;fhypfkhf ,ilepWj;jg;gl;l rk;gs Vw;wj;ij nrYj;Jtjw;F me;j %d;Wkhj fhyg;gFjpapd; ,Wjpapy; jPHkhdpf;Fkplj;J> mtUf;F &gh. 7>740 ngWkjpahd rk;gsKk; %d;Wkhjkhf mtUf;F toq;fhky; ,ilepWj;jg;gl;lbUe;j rk;gs Vw;wj; njhifahd 30 &ghTk; ngw;Wf;nfhLf;fg;gLk;. ,e;j ,uz;L re;jHg;gq;fspYk; mtUf;F gz uPjpahd el;lk; xd;W Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F Vw;gLtjpy;iy. NkYk; mtuJ rk;gs Vw;wj; jpfjpAk; khw;wkilahJ fhzg;gLk;.

(ii)

(iii)

epWj;Jjy; - V vDk; egUf;F 1982 A+iy khjk; 01 Mk; jpfjpapy; ,Ue;J fpilf;f Ntz;bapUe;j rk;gs Vw;wj;ij jw;fhypfkhf ,ilepWj;Jtjw;Fg; gjpyhf> %d;W khjfhyg; gFjpf;F epWj;jpitj;J me;j fhyg; gFjpapd; ,Wjpapy; Fwpj;j rk;gs Vw;wj;ijg; ngw;Wf;nfhLg;gjw;F mDkjp toq;fg;gLkplj;J> Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F xf;NlhgH khjk; 01 Mk; jpfjp Kjy; &gh 7>860 rk;gsk; fpilf;fg;ngWk;. vdpDk; 1982 A+iy> Xf];l; kw;Wk; nrg;nlk;gH Mfpa khjq;fSf;Fupa mtuJ rk;gs Vw;wg; ngWkjpahd %d;W khjq;fSf;Fupa &.30 njhif mtUf;Ff; fpilf;fg;ngw khl;lhJ. vdpDk; mtuJ rk;gs Vw;wj; jpfjp khw;wkpd;wp fhzg;gLk;. Fiwj;jy; mtuJ rk;gsj;ij %d;Wkhjf; fhyg;gFjpf;F Fiwg;gjw;F 1982 [dtup khj;jjpy; jPHkhdpf;Fkplj;J Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jupd; rk;gskhdJ> 1982 [dtup khjk; 01 Mk; jpfjp Kjy; &gh. 7>620 tiu Fiwf;fg;gLk;. 1982 Vg;uy; khjk; Kjy; kPzL ; k; &gh. 7>740 rk;gsj;jpy; mtH kPzL ; k; epWj;jg;gLthH. Fwpj;j %d;Wkhj fhyg; gFjpapDs; mtuJ rk;gsj;jpy; ,Ue;J Fiwf;fgl;gl;l rk;gs Vw;wg; ngWkjpahd &> 30 njhifapid mtH ,of;f Ntz;b NehpLk;.

(iv)

(v)

gpw;Nghly; - 1982 A+iy khjk; 01 Mk; jpfjp fpilf;f Ntz;bapUe;j rk;gs Vw;wj; njhifapid 06 khj fhyg;gFjpf;F gpw;Nghl;L Fwpj;j fhyg;gFjp Kbtile;jjd; gpd;dH me;j rk;gs Vw;wj;ijg; ngw;Wf; nfhLg;gjw;F jPHkhdpf;fg;gLkhapd;> &gh. 7>860 ngWkjpahd mLj;j rk;gsg; gbKiwapy; mtH itf;fg;gl Ntz;baJ 1983.01.01 Me; jpfjp KjNyahFk;. mtuJ rk;gs Vw;wj; jpfjpahdJ [dtup khjk; 01 Mk; jpfjpahfTk; khw;wkilAk;.

73

vLj;Jf;fhl;L;:

mj;jpahak; VII

V kw;Wk; gP MfpNahh; 1981-07.01 jpfjp Kjy; &gh. 7>74014x1209420 vd;w rk;gs msTj; jpl;lj;jpd; fPo; gjtpnahd;Wf;F epakpf;fg;gl;Ls;sdH. mtHfs; 1982.07.01 Me; jpfjp Kjy; &gh. 7>860 rk;gsg; gbKiwf;F cupik ngWfpd;wdH. 1982.07.01 Mk; jpfjpad;W V vd;gtUf;F nrYj;j Ntz;ba rk;gs Vw;wkhdJ MWkhjf; fhyg; gFjpapdhy; gpw;Nghlg;gl;Ls;sJ. mg;NghJ V vd;gtUf;Fk; kw;Wk; gp vd;gtUf;Fk; nrYj;j Ntz;ba rk;gsk; gpd;tUkhW. V &gh 1981.07.01 7740 1982.07.01 - 7740 1983.01.01 7860 1984.01.01 7980 1985.01.01 8100 1986.01.01 8220 1987.01.01 8340 1988.01.01 8460 1989.01.01 8580 1990.01.01 8700 1991.01.01 8820 gP &gh 1981.07.01 7740 1982.07.01 7860 1983.07.01 7980 1984.07.01 8100 1985.07.01 8220 1986.07.01 8340 1987.07.01 8460 1988.07.01 8580 1989.07.01 8700 1990.07.01 8820 1991.07.01 8940

,t;thW gP f;F 1984.07.01 Mk; jpfjp fpilf;fpd;w &gh. 8>100 rk;gsg; gbKiw Vf;F 1985.01.01 Me; jpfjpad;Nw fpilf;Fk;. 10:3 rk;gs Vw;wk; xd;wpid toq;Ftij kWjspf;Fkplj;J mJ ve;j Kiwapy; ,lk;ngWjy; Ntz;Lnkd;gJ gw;wp me;j ; e;j re;jHg;gq;fSf;F Vw;g jPHkhdpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. mt;thwhd jPHkhdq;fis Nkw;nfhs;Sk;NghJ filg;gpbf;f Ntz;ba eilKiwfs; gw;wpa MNyhridfs; gpd;tUkhW. jw;fhypf ,ilepWj;jk; - ,J nghUj;jkhf miktJ rk;gs Vw;wr; rhd;wpjo; xd;wpid toq;Ftjw;Fg; nghWg;Gila mjpfhhp xUtUf;F> jd;dplk; rk;ge;jg;gl;Ls;s tplaq;fSf;Nfw;g Fwpj;j rhd;wpjopy; ifr;rhj;jpl Kbahj NghjpYk; ,Wjpf; fl;lisapidg; gpwg;gpg;gjw;F Kd;dH mtH chpa cj;jpNahfj;jiu kpf neUf;fkhf mtjhdpf;f vz;Zfpd;w xU re;jh;gg ; j;jpyhFk;. rk;gs Vw;wj;ij epWj;JtJ> msTf;F kPwpa ghuJ}ukhd jz;lidnahd;whff; fUjg;gLfpd;w mNj Ntis Ntjd Vw;wj;ij jw;fhypfkhf ,ilepWj;Jtjhy; epiyik rPuilAnkd;w epiy fhzg;gLfpd;w re;jh;gg ; q;fspYk;> Ntjd Vw;wnkhd;iw jw;fhypfkhf ,il epWj;Jk; fl;lisnahd;iwg; gpwg;gpf;fyhk;. epWj;Jjy; - ,J nghUj;jkhf miktJ Fwpg;ghff; fhl;lg;gl;Ls;s jtWfspd; NghJk;> gpw;Nghly; msTf;F kPwpa ghuJ+ukhd jz;lidnahd;whff; fUjg;gLfpd;w nghJthd tpidj;jpwdpdi ; k njhlh;ghd re;jh;g;gj;jpyhFk;. Fiwj;jy; - ,J nghUj;jkhf miktJ> rk;gs Vw;wj;ij epWj;Jk; jPHkhdk; xU khj fhyj;jpw;Fs; eilKiwf;F tuhj re;jHg;gq;fspyhFk;. gpw;Nghly; ,J nghUj;jkhf miktJ> cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtupd; fle;j rk;gs Vw;wj; jpfjpapypUe;J mtH Nkw;nfhz;LtUfpd;w gzpfspd; msT kw;Wk; juKk;> elj;ijAk; mtUf;Fhpa rk;gs Vw;w epiyapYs;s cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtuhy; Mw;wg;gl Ntz;bajpYk; ghh;ff ; ruhrhpahf Fiwe;j kl;lj;ijf; nfhz;lJk; Nghjpajy;yntdf; fUjg;gLfpd;wJkhd re;jh;g;gq;fspyhFk;.
74

mj;jpahak; VII

cj;j ; pNahfj;jH xUtH (II tJ mj;jpahaj;jpd; 15 tJ gpuptpd; gpufhuk;) tpidj;jpwd;fhz; jilg; guPli ; r xd;wpy;; rpj;jpailaj; jtWkplj;J my;yJ (II tJ mj;jpahak; 11 tJ gpuptpd; gpufhuk;) cupa jpdj;jd;W gjtpapy; epue;jukhf;fg;gLtjw;F Njitahd jifikfisg; G+Hj;jp nra;ahjtplj;J rk;gs Vw;wj;ij gpw;NghLjy; Ntz;Lk;. 10:4 Kjyhk; khjj;jpypUe;J gpw;NghLjy; gd;dpnuz;lhk; khjk; tiuapyhd vk; khjq;fSf;Fk; rk;gs Vw;wj;ij epWj;Jjy;> Fiwj;jy; kw;Wk; jw;fhypfkhf ,ilepWj;Jjy; Nghd;w fl;lisfisg; gpwg;gpf;f KbAk;. vdpDk; mt;thW Nkw;nfhs;ifapy; xU Kiwapy; mJ eilKiwg;gLj;jg;gLk; fhyg;gFjp> 12 khj fhyj;ij tpQ;rf; $lhnjd;gNjhL> ,f;fhyg; gFjpahdJ Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jupd; mij mLj;J tUk; rk;gs Vw;wj; jpfjpia jhz;lTk; $lhJ. rk;gsk; gpw;Nghly; fl;lis xd;W gpwg;gpf;fg;gLkplj;J mf;fl;lisahdJ xU jlitapy; 06 khjq;fs; my;yJ 12 khjq;fSf;F khj;jpuNk gpwg;gpf;f ; g;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 10:5 gjtpapy; epue;jukhf;fg;gLtjw;Fj; Njitahd jifikfis ngw;Wf; nfhs;s my;yJ tpidj;jpwd;fhz;jilg; guPli ; rapy; rpj;jpaila KbahJ Nghjy;> Nghd;w fhuzq;fSf;fhf rk;gs Vw;wk; xd;wpid gpw;NghLkplj;J mt;thW gpw;Nghlg;gLk; fhyg; gFjpahf mika Ntz;baJ> Nkw;Fwpg;gpl;l jifikapidg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;F my;yJ tpidj;jpwd;fhz; jilg; guPli ; rapy; rpj;jpngWtjw;F toq;fg;gl;Ls;s fhyg;gFjpf;F Nkyjpfkhf mjw;fhf vLf;Fk; fhyg;gFjpahFk;. rk;gs Vw;wj; jpfjpahdJ tpidj;jpwd;fhz; jilg; guPl;irapy; rpj;jp ngWtjw;fhd ,Wjpj; jpfjpahf mikahjtplj;J> tpidj;jpwd;fhz; jilg; guPli ; rapy; rpj;jpngw Ntz;bAs;s ,Wjpj; jpdj;jpw;F gpd;dH tUfpd;w rk;gs Vw;wk;> Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jH me;j tpidj;jpwd;fhz; jilg; guPli ; rapy; rpj;jpailtjw;F Nkyjpfkhfg; ngw;Wf;nfhz;l fhyj;jpw;F rkkhdnjhU fhyg;gFjpf;F rk;gs Vw;wk; gpw;Nghlg;g ; ly; Ntz;Lk;. vLj;Jf;fhl;L: gP vd;gtH &gh. 13,80010x480 kw;Wk; 9x60024,000 rk;gs msTj; jpll ; j;jpd; &. 19,800 rk;gsj;jpidg; ngw;W tUfpd;whH. mtuJ mlj;j rk;gs Vw;wj; jpfjpahdJ 1981.01.01 Me; jpfjpahFk;. &gh. 20> 400 ,w;F tUtjw;F Kd;dH tpidj;jpwd;fhz; jilg; guPli ; rapy; rpj;jpailtjw;F mtUf;F 1980.03.01 Me; jpfjp mtfhrkpUe;jJ. mtH tpidj;jpwd;fhz; jilg; guPli ; rapy; 1980.06.10 Mk; jpfjp rpj;jpailfpd;whH. ,tUf;F ,jw;fhf toq;fg;gl;Ls;s fhyj;ijtplTk; $Ljyhf 101 ehl;fis Nkyjpfkhf mtH ngw;Wf;nfhz;Ls;shH. mjhtJ> khHr; Vg;uy; Nk A+d; nkhj;jk; 31 ehl;fs; 30 ehl;fs; 31 ehl;fs; 09 ehl;fs; 101 ehl;fs; mtuJ cupa rk;gs Vw;wj;ij 101

mjdhy; 1981.01.01 Me; jpfjpad;W ehl;fshy; gpw;NghLjy; Ntz;Lk;. [dtup ngg;utup; khHr; Vg;uy; nkhj;jk; ;

31 ehl;fs; 28 ehl;fs; 31 ehl;fs; 11 ehl;fs; 101 ehl;fs;

75

mj;jpahak; VII

,jd; gpufhuk; mtiu Vg;uy; khjk; 12 Mk; jpfjpad;Nw &gh 20>400 tUlhe;j rk;gsj;jpy; itj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. mtuJ vjphf ; hy rk;gs Vw;wj; jpfjpahdJ Vg;uy; khjk; 12 Mk; jpfjpahFk;. 10:6 rk;gs Vw;wk; jw;fhypfkhf ,ilepWj;jg;gl;Ls;s fhyfl;lj;jpd; ,Wjpapy; Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jupd; Ntiy kw;Wk; elj;ij vd;gd jpUg;jpfukhditahf mikAk; gl;rj;jpy; rk;gs Vw;wj;ij ngw;Wf; nfhLf;f Ntz;ba jpdj;jpy; ,Ue;J mjid nrYj;Jjy; Ntz;Lk;. 10:6:1 rk;gs Vw;wj;ij jw;fhypfkhf ,ilepWj;jpAs;s fhyg; gFjpapDs; Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jupd; Ntiy my;yJ elj;ij mtuplk; vjph;ghHf;fg;gl;l juj;jpYk; Fiwthff; fhzg;gLkhapd;> mtUf;F rk;gs Vw;wr; rhd;wpjiog; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;fhky; mjw;Fg; gjpyhf rk;gs Vw;wj;ijg; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;f Ntz;ba jpdj;jpypUe;J mKyhFk; tpjj;jpy; me;j jw;fhypf ,ilepWj;jj;ij epWj;Jjy; my;yJ gpw;Nghlyhf khw;Wjy; Ntz;Lk; . 10:7 tpidj;jpwdw;w nraw;ghl;bd; fhuzkhf rk;gs Vw;wk; xd;W epWj;jg;gLtjw;F fl;lisaplg;gLkplj;J> mt;thW nra;a Ntz;baJ Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jH jdJ elj;ij kw;Wk; tpidj;jpwd; vd;gd njhlh;ghf ahNjDnkhU Kd;Ndw;wj;ij fhl;lhtpbd; Fwpj;j rk;gs Vw;w epWj;jj;ij NkYnkhU fhyg;gFjpf;F ePbf;f KbAk; kw;Wk;/ my;yJ mt;thwhd epWj;jk; xd;wpid gpw;Nghlyhf khw;w KbAnkd G+uz njspnthd;wpd; mbg;gilapyhFk;. ,J gw;wp rk;gs Vw;w epWj;jf; fl;lis tpLf;fg;gLk; NghJ cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F tpsf;Fjy; Ntz;Lk;. 10:7:1 rk;gs Vw;wj;ij epWj;jp itj;j fhyg;gFjpapd; ,Wjpapy; Fwpjj ; cj;jpNahfj;jupd; Ntiy kw;Wk; elj;ij vd;gd njhlh;ghf Kd;Ndw;wk; xd;W fhzg;glhjtplj;J> rk;gs Vw;wj;ij epWj;Jtjw;fhd fhyg;gFjpapid me;j rk;gs Vw;wk; toq;fg;gLtjw;fhd jpdj;jpy; ,Ue;J NkYk; ePbf;fr; nra;tjw;F kw;Wk;/ my;yJ gpw;NghLjyhf khw;Wtjw;F KbAk;. 10:8 rk;gs Vw;wk; xd;W toq;fg;gLtJ kWjypf;fg;gLfpd;w vy;yhr; re;jHg;gq;fspYk; me;j rk;gs Vw;wk; jw;fhypfkhf ,ilepWg; gl;Ls;sjh> epWj;jg;gl;Ls;sjh> Fiwf;fg;gl;Ls;sjh my;yJ gpw;Nghlg;gl;Ls;sjh vd;gJ gw;wpAk; me;j kWjspj;jy; eilKiwapy; ,Uf;Fk; fhyk;> mjw;fhd fhuzk; vd;gd gw;wpAk; chpa cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F jhkjkpd;wp mwptpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. rk;gs Vw;wk; xd;wpid toq;Ftjw;F kWjypf;Fkplj;J mJgw;wp Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; tuyhw;Wj; jhspy; gjpjYk; Ntz;Lk;. 10:9 rk;gs Vw;wk; xd;wpid toq;Ftjw;F Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH chpa rk;gs Vw;wj;Jld; njhlHGila fhyg; gFjpapy; KOikahf gzpahw;wpapUe;jhy;; khj;jpuNkahFk;. ; G+uz rk;gsj;Jld; my;yJ miur; rk;gsj;Jld; ,Ue;j vt;tpj yPT fhyg; gFjpahapDk; rk;gs Vw;wk; toq;fg;gLtjw;fhd Nritf; fhykhff; fzpg;gplg;gLk;. 10:9:1 cj;jpNahfj;jH xUth; 06 khjq;fSf;F Nkw;gl;l fhyg; gFjpf;F rk;gskw;w tpLKiwapy; ,Ug;ghuhapd;> rk;gs Vw;wk; toq;fg;gLtjw;fhf 06 khjj;jpw;F Nkw;gl;l mt;thwhd fhyg; gFjpAk; Nritf; fhykhf ftdj;jpy; nfhs;sg;gl Ntz;baJ> Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jupd; fl;Lg;ghl;il kPwp mike;j (RftPdkiljy; Nghd;w) fhuzq;fs; my;yJ murhq;fj;jpd; Njitf;Nfw;g Fwpj;j yPT mDkjpf;fg;gl;bUj;jy; Nghd;w fhuzq;fspd; NghJ khj;jpuNkahFk;. ,jd; %yk; fUj;jpy; nfhs;s Ntz;ba tplak; ahnjdpy;> cj;jpNahfj;jH NtW ahNjDnkhU fhuzj;jpw;fhf 06 khjq;fSf;F Nky; rk;gskw;w tpLKiwapy; ,Ue;jpUg;ghuhapd; 06 khjq;fspd; gpd;dH rk;gskw;w tpLKiwapy; ,Ue;j fhyg; gFjpf;F rkkhd fhyg;gFjp xd;Wf;F mtuJ rk;gs Vw;wkhdJ gpw;Nghlg;gl Ntz;Lk; vd;gjhFk;.
76

mj;jpahak; VII

vLj;Jf;fhl;L: V vDk; egH &gh. 3300 5x120 kw;Wk; 8x180-5340 vd;w rk;gs msTj; jpl;lj;jpy; &gh. 3>900 rk;gsj;ijg; ngw;WtUfpwhH. mtH ,Wjpahf 1979.07.25 Mk; jpfjp rk;gs Vw;wk; xd;wpidg; ngw;Ws;shH. mtH jdJ nrhe;jj; Njit fhuzkhf 1980.05.01 Me; jpfjp Kjy; 8 khj fhyg; gFjpf;fhd rk;gskw;w yPnthd;wpidg; ngw;W Gyikg; ghprpy; xd;wpd; fPo; fw;gjw;fhf ntspehL nry;fpwhH. mtuJ mLj;j rk;gs Vw;wj; jpfjpahdJ> 1980.07.25 Me; jpfjpahf mike;Js;sJ. mJtiuapy; mtH yPtpy; ,Ue;j fhyk; 06 khjf; fhyg; gFjpf;Ff; Fiwthjyhy; mtH yPtpidg; ngw;W ntspehL nry;tjw;F Kd;dH ,Ue;j rk;gs Vw;w fhyg;gFjpapy; mtuJ elj;ij kw;Wk; Ntiy vd;gd jpUg;jpfukhditahf mike;jpUg;gpd; Fwpj;j rk;gs Vw;wj;ij mtUf;Fg; ngw;Wf;nfhLf;f KbAk;. mjdhy; mtH 1981.01.01 kPzL ; k; Nritapid nghWg;Ngw;Fk; NghJ &gh. 4>080 rk;gsj;jpy; mtiu itf;f KbAk;. 1981.07.25 Me; jpfjpad;W mike;Js;s mtuJ mLj;j rk;gs Vw;wj;ij 06 khjj;jpw;F Nkyjpfkhf rk;gskw;w tpLKiw ngw;Ws;s fhyg; gFjpapy; cs;slf;fg;gLfpd;w 61 ehl;fspdhy; gpw;NghLjy; Ntz;Lk;. 1981.07.25 Kjy; 1981.09.23 tiu 61 ehl;fs; mjd; gpufhuk; mtu; mLj;j rk;gs Vw;wkhd &gh. 4>260 rk;gsj;jpy; 1981.09.24 Me; jpfjp itf;fg;gLthH. mtuJ vjph;fhy rk;gs Vw;wj; jpfjp nrg;nlk;gH khjk; 24 Mk; jpfjpahFk;. 10:9:2 ,q;F 10.9.1. Jizg; gpuptpd; Vw;ghLfspy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s tplak; vJthftpUe;j NghjpYk; cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH RftPdk; fhuzkhf mbf;fb flikf;F rKfkspf;fhj fhuzj;jpdhy; mtuJ rk;gs Vw;wk; toq;fg;gLtJ nghUj;jkw;wJ vd fUjg;gLkstpw;F mtupd; gad;ghl;Lj;jd;ik Fiwtile;Js;sjhf mtuJ rk;gs Vw;wj;jpid mDkjpf;Fk; mjpfhuk; ngw;w cj;jpNahfj;jH fUJkplj;J me;j mjpfhuk; ngw;w cj;jpNahfj;jupdhy; 10.2 cg gpuptpd; gpufhuk; fl;lis xd;wpid gpwg;gpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 10:9:3 ntspehLfspy; fw;if eltbf;iffs;/ njhopy; tha;gG ; f;fSf;fhfTk; my;yJ fw;if eltbf;if kw;Wk; njhopy;tha;gG ; Mfpa ,uz;bw;fhfTk; 1980.03.12 Me; jpfjpapd; gpd;dH mDkjpf;fg;gLfpd;w rk;gskw;w yPTfis> rk;gs Vw;wq;fisg; ngw;Wf;nfhLg;gjw;fhf fUj;jpy; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. mt;thwhd cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH kPzL ; k; ehl;bw;F te;jjd; gpd;dH mtH ntspehL nry;yhj tplj;J mtUf;F fpilf;f Ntz;bapUe;j rk;gsg; gbKiwapy; itj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. vt;thwhapDk; mt;thW Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl Ntz;baJ rhjhuz epiyikfspd; fPo; mtuJ rk;gs Vw;wq;fisg; ngw;Wf;nfhLg;gjw;F nghUj;jkw;wtnud milahsk; fhl;lf; $ba rk;gskw;w tpLKiw fhyg; gFjpapDs; mtuJ Ntiy kw;Wk; elj;ij vd;gd njhlHghd Nkhrkhd mwpf;iffnsitNaDk;> rhjhuzkhf mtuJ rk;gs vw;wj;jpw;F mDkjp toq;Ffpd;w mjpfhuk; ngw;w cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F fpilf;fg; ngw;wpuhj re;jh;gg ; j;jpy; khj;jpuNkahFk;. 10:10 rk;gs Vw;wj;ij toq;Ftjw;fhd cj;jpNahfj;juhf gpd;tUNthH fhzg;gLtH. (m) (i) ,yq;if eph;thf Nrit ,yq;if nghwpapayhsH Nrit ,yq;if tpQ;Qhd Nrit ,yq;if fzf;fhsH Nrit tFg;G I Ir; NrHe;j cj;jpNahfj;jH xUth;
77

mjpfhuk;

ngw;w

jifik

tha;ej ;

nghJ epHthf mikr;rpd; nrayhsH

mj;jpahak; VII

(ii) tFg;G II juk; I tFg;G II juk; II (M) Vida gjtpepiy jiytH

jpizf;fsj; jiytH murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jHfSf;F jpizf;fsj; murhq;f

(,) Nkw;gb (m) kw;Wk; (M) vd;gtw;wpd; fPo; tuhj cj;jpNahfj;jHfSf;F jpizf;fsj; jiytH

Vida

10:10:1 Nkw;gb 10.10 Mk; cg gpuptpd; (m) (ii) vd;w cg gpuptpd; fPo; tuhj cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH njhlHghf rk;gs Vw;wr; rhd;wpjopd; gpujpnahd;wpid nghJ epUthf mikr;rpd; nrayhsUf;F mDg;gp itj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 10:11 rk;gs Vw;wk; xd;wpid toq;Ftij kWjspg;gjw;fhd mjpfhuk; ngw;w cj;jpNahfj;jHfs; gpd;tUkhW (m) (i),yq;if eph;thf Nrit ,yq;if nghwpapayhsH Nrit ,yq;if tpQ;Qhd Nrit ,yq;if ,yq;if fzf;fhsH Nrit Mfpa Nritfisr; NrHe;j Xh; cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F (M) Vida gjtpepiy nrayhsH cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUf;F nghJ epUthf mikr;rpd; nrayhsH Fwpj;j mikr;rpd;

(,) Nkw;gb (m) kw;Wk; (M) vd;gtw;wpd; fPo; tuhj murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUf;F - jpizf;fsj; jiyth; 10:11:1 ahNuDnkhU cj;jpNahfj;jH njhlh;ghf rk;gs Vw;wj;ij kWjspf;Fk; mjpfhuk;ngw;w cj;jpNahfj;jH> rk;gs Vw;wj;jpw;fhd rhd;wpjio toq;Fk; mjpfhuk; ngw;w cj;jpNahfj;jH Mfpa ,UtUk; xNu eguhf mikahj re;jHg;gj;jpy; rk;gs Vw;wj;ij kWjspg;gjw;fhd Njit Vw;gLk; re;jHg;gq;fspy;> rk;gs Vw;wr; rhd;wpjio toq;Fk; mjpfhuk; ngw;w cj;jpNahfj;jh; mjw;fhd fhuzk; kw;Wk; gpd;tUk; tplaq;fs; vd;gtw;wpid cs;slf;fpa mwpf;if xd;wpid rk;gs Vw;wj;jpid kWjypf;Fk; mjpfhuk; ngw;w cj;jpNahfj;juplk; rkh;gg ; pj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. rk;gs Vw;wj;ij jw;fhypfkhf ,ilepWj;j Ntz;Lkh> epWj;j Ntz;Lkh> Fiwf;f Ntz;Lkh my;yJ gpw;Nghl Ntz;Lkh vd;gJ gw;wpa mtuJ ghpe;Jiu mj;jifa jw;fhypf ,ilepWj;jk; xd;W> epWj;jnkhd;W> Fiwg;nghd;W my;yJ gpw;Nghlnyhd;W vd;gd nry;Ygbahf Ntz;ba fhyf;nfL. 10:11:2 cupa tpidj;jpwd;fhz; jilg; guPli ; r xd;wpNyh my;yJ NtnwhU guPli ; rnahd;wpNyh rpj;jpaila Kbahj fhuzj;jpdhy; rk;gs Vw;wk; jw;fhypfkhf ,ilepWj;jg;gl;L ; s;s my;yJ epWj;jp itf;fg;gl;Ls;s my;yJ Fiwf;fg;gl;Ls;s my;yJ gpw;Nghlg;gl;Ls;s re;jHg;gnkhd;W njhlHghf Nkw;gb cg gpuptpd; Vw;ghLfs; Vw;Giladthfh. mt;thwhd re;jHg;gq;fspy; me;jg; guPli ; rapy;; rpj;jpailaj; jtWtjdhy; Vw;glf;$ba gpujp tpisTfs; njhlh;ghf rk;gs Vw;wj;jpw;fhd rhd;wpjiog; ngw;Wf;nfhLg;gjw;F mjpfhuk; ngw;w cj;jpNahfj;jh; cupa cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F mwptpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. me;jf; fbjj;jpd; gpujpnahd;iw 10.11 Mk; cg gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s mjpfhuk; ngw;w cj;jpNahfj;jUf;Fk; mDg;Gjy; Ntz;Lk;.

78

mj;jpahak; VII

11. 11. kuzpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtupd; rk;gsk;


11:1 cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH kuzpf;Fkplj;J mtH kuzpj;j khjj;jpd; ,Wjpehs; tiuapy; gzpahw;wpAs;shH vd fUjp me;j khjj;jpw;Fupa KOr; rk;gsj;ijAk; kw;Wk; nfhLg;gdTfisAk; mtuJ tho;fi ; fj; Jizf;F my;yJ neUq;fpa cwtpdUf;F toq;Fjy; Ntz;Lk;. vt;thwhapDk; mt;thW nrYj;j KbtJ mtH kuzpj;j re;jHg;gj;jpy; rk;gskw;w yPtpy; ,Uf;fhjtplj;Jk;> kuzpf;Fk; re;jHg;gj;jpy; mtuJ tUlhe;jr; rk;gsk; (Gjpa jpuz;l) &gh. 14>760 ,w;F Nkw;gl;ljha; ,Uf;fhjtplj;Jk;: Xa;T+jpa gpukhzf; Fwpg;gpd; 2 M gpuptpd; fPo; mtUf;F kuz gzpf;nfhil nrYj;jg;glhjtplj;Jk; khj;jpuNk MFk;. 11:2 Vida vy;yhr; re;jHg;gq;fspYk; mtH kuzpj;j jpfjp tiu mtUf;F toq;f Ntz;bapUe;j rk;gsk; kw;Wk; gbfs; vd;gtw;wpid mtuJ nrhj;jpid epUtfpg;gtH ahNuDk; ,Ug;gpd; mtUf;Fk; my;yJ mtuJ rl;l uPjpahd cupik ngWNthUf;Fk; nrYj;Jjy; Ntz;Lk;.

12. 12.

gjpy; flik rk;gsk; kw;Wk; tpNrl Nkyjpf Cjpak;

12:1 tiutpyf;fzk; - ,e;jg; gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s gzpf;fhf gjpy; rk;gsk; vd;gjd; %yk; fUjg;gLtJ> ahNjDnkhU gjtpapy; gjpy; flik Gupjy; my;yJ gjtpnahd;Wf;fhd flikfis epiwNtw;Wjy; vd ,e;jg; gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s Vw;ghLfspd; gpufhuk; cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F cupj;jhd CjpakhFk;. tpNrl Nkyjpf Cjpak; vd;gjd; %yk; fUjg;gLtJ jhgdg; gzpg;ghsH ehafj;jpdhy; mDkjpf;fg;gl;l Nkyjpf nfhLg;gdT xd;whFk;. (12.3 Mk; gpuptpidg; ghHf;fTk;) 12:2 gjpy; flikr; rk;gsk; xd;wpid toq;ff; $ba re;jHg;gq;fs; - murhq;f Nritapy; epue;jug; gjtp tfpf;Fk; cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH NtW xU gjtpapy; gjpy; flik Guptjw;fhf epakpf;fg;gLkplj;J gpd;tUk; tplaq;fs; G+Hj;jpaile;jpUg;gpd; gjpy; flik rk;gsnkhd;wpid ngw;Wf; nfhs;s cupj;JilatuhthH. 12:2:1 mtH gjpy; flik Guptjw;fhf epakpf;fg;gl;l gjtp mtH jw;NghJ tfpj;JtUk; gjtpia tplTk; caH juj;jpid nfhz;l gjtpnahd;whf ,Uj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. ,d;Nwy; 12:2:2 mg;gjtpahdJ mtH jw;NghJ tfpf;fpd;w epue;ju gjtpf;F rk juj;jpyhd gjtpahf mikAkplj;J mth; jdJ cs;s gbahd flikfSf;Fg; Nkyjpfkhf mq;F gjpy; flik Mw;wy;; Ntz;Lk;. 12:2:3 gjpy; flik Guptjw;fhf epakpf;fg;gLk; gjtpahdJ KO Neug; gjtpnahd;whfTk;> mg;gjtpf;F tpiutpy; KONeu cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH epakpf;fg;gLtjw;Fupa gjtpnahd;whfTk; fhzg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. 12:2:4 mtH gjpy; flik Guptjw;fhf epakpf;fg;gLk; gjtp ntw;wplkhfff; fhzg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. mt;thwpd;Nwy; me;jg; gjtpia tfpf;Fk; cj;jpNahfj;jH flikf;F rKfkspf;fhjpUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 12:2:5 ,q;F II MtJ mj;jpahaj;jpd; 13 Mk; gpuptpd; gpufhuk; epakd mjpfhhpapdhy; Kiwahf ,g;gjtpf;fhf epakpf;fg;gl;bUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. (ntw;wplkhf cs;s gjtpnahd;wpd; flikfis epiwNtw;Wtjw;F <LgLj;jg;gl;Ls;s jpizf;fsk; rhH Ntiyj;jpll ; k; xd;wpd; fPo; me;jg; gjtpf;Fupa flikfis epiwNtw;Wfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F gjpy; flikf;fhd rk;gsk; my;yJ Nkyjpf Copak; xd;iwg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;tjw;F cupik fpilahJ). 12:2:6 gjpy; flikf;Fupa rk;gsj;ij toq;Ftjw;fhf nrayhshpd; mDkjpapidg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;.
79

mikr;rpd;

mj;jpahak; VII

12:3 gjtpnahd;Wf;Fupa flikfis epiwNtw;wy; - epue;ju gjtpnahd;iw tfpf;Fk; cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH> KONeu cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH Njitg;glhj gjtpnahd;wpy; gjpy; flik Guptjw;fhf epakpf;fg;gLkplj;J my;yJ ahNjDnkhU gjtpapy; flikapid Nkw;nfhs;tjw;fhf epakpf;fg;gLkplj;J mtUf;F gjpy; flik Gupe;jikf;fhd rk;gsk; xd;wpidg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;tjw;F cupik fpilahJ. mt;thwhdnjhU cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F mtH me;j gjtpf;F gjpy; flik Guptjw;fhf epakpf;fg;gbd; mtUf;Ff; fpilf;fg; ngWfpd;w Nkyjpf Cjpaj;jpd; %d;wpy; ,uz;L gFjpNa ngw;Wf;nfhLf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 12:4 gjpy; flik Guptjw;fhd rk;gsk; toq;ff; $ba fhyg;gFjpfs;

12:4:1 gjpy; flik Gupe;jikf;fhd rk;gsk; xd;wpid> nrYj;j Ntz;baJ cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH njhlh;rr ; pahf xU khj;jjpw;F Fiwahj fhyk; gzpahw;wpapUe;jhy; khj;jpuNk vd;gNjhL> cupa gjtpia tfpf;Fk; epue;ju cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH ,y;yhj re;jHg;gj;jpNyh my;yJ gjtp tfpf;Fk; cj;jpNahfj;jH rKfkspf;fhj re;jh;gg ; j;jpNyh my;yJ jdJ epue;ju flikfsf;F Nkyjpfkhf xd;wpw;F Nkw;gl;l gjtpfis my;yJ Nkw;Fwpg;gpl;l re;jHg;gq;fspd; $l;nlhd;whf tpsq;Fk; gjtpnahd;wpy; gjpy; flik GupAk; re;jHg;gj;jpy; 12:5 gjpy; flik Guptjw;fhf nfhLg;gdT nra;ag;gLk; rk;gsf; fl;lzj; njhif> 12.6. vd;w cg gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s tiuaiwfspd; fPo; gpd;tUkhW jPHkhdpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 12:5:1 cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtupd; epue;ju gjtpf;Fupa rk;gskhdJ> mtH gjpy; flik GupAk; gjtpapd; rk;gsj;ij tplTk; Fiwthff; fhzg;gbd;> mtUf;F nfhLg;gdT nra;ag;gl Ntz;baJ mth; gjpy; flik GupAk; gjtpf;Fupa Muk;g rk;gsj;jpd; miug; gFjpAk;> mtuJ epue;jug; gjtpapd; Muk;gr; rk;gsj;jpy; miug; gFjpAk; mtuJ epue;jug; gjtpapy; mtH cisj;Js;s rfy rk;gs Vw;wq;fSk; Mfpatw;wpd;; $l;Lj; njhifahFk;. NkYk; ,jw;F Nkyjpfkhf ahNjDk; jdpg;gl;l gb xd;wpidg; ngWtjw;F mtH cupj;Jilatuhf fhzg;gbd; me;j gbiaAk; mtUf;F nrYj;Jjy; Ntz;Lk;. 12:5:2 cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH jdJ gjtpia tplTk; caH gjtpnahd;wpy; gjpy; flik GupAk; re;jHg;gj;jpy;> mt;thW gjpy; flik GupAk; gjtpf;Fupa Mff; Fiwe;j rk;gsj;ij tpl $Ljyhd my;yJ mjw;F rkkhd rk;gsk; xd;wpidg; ngWthuhapd;> mtUf;F toq;fg;gl Ntz;baJ> mthpd; epue;jug; gjtpapd; rk;gsj;jpw;F me; epue;jug; gjtpfF ; upa rk;gsj; jpl;lj;jpd; ,uz;L rk;gs Vw;wq;fSf;F rkkhd epjpia $l;Lk; NghJ tUfpd;w $l;Lj;njhif my;yJ gjpy; flik GupAk; gjtpapd; Mff;$ba rk;gsk; vd;w ,uz;by; vJ Fiwthff; fhzg;gLfpd;wNjh mj;njhifahFk;. ; 12:5:3 cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH xUtUl fhyg; gFjpf;F my;yJ mjw;F Nkw;gl;l fhyj;jpw;F> epue;ju cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH ,y;yhj gjtpnahd;wpy; njhlHe;Jk; gjpy; flik Gupe;JtUk; re;jHg;gj;jpy; me;j KOf; fhyg;gFjpf;Fk; mtH gjpy; flik GupAk; gjtpapd; Muk;gr; rk;gsj;ij (mJ mtuJ epue;ju gjtpf;Fupa Cjpaj;ij tplTk; $Ljyhapd;) nrYj;j KbAk;. 12:5:4 cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH epue;ju gjtpnahd;iw tfpf;Fk; mNjNeuk; kw;WnkhU gjtpapy; gjpy; flik Gupthuhapd; mtUf;F gpd;tUkhW nfhLg;gdT nrYj;Jjy; Ntz;Lk;. Fwpj;j ,uz;L gjtpfspYk; mtH flikahw;w Ntz;b ephzapf;fg;gl;Ls;s re;jHg;gj;jpy;> mtUf;F gjpy; flik GupAk; gjtpapd; Muk;g rk;gsj;jpd; ehd;fpy; xU gFjpAld; mtuJ epue;ju gjtpf;Fupa KOr; rk;gsj;ijAk; ngw;Wf;nfhLj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. Fwpj;j gjtpf;F rk;gsk; xd;W epHzapf;fg;gl;buhj re;jHg;gj;jpy; ,w;F rkkhd rk;gskhdJ xU fUJNfhshd rk;gskhf
80

mj;jpahak; VII

mikjy; Ntz;Lnkd;gNjhL mjw;fhd Nfhhpf;ifnahd;W Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;ljd; gpd;dh; jpiwNrhp nrayhsiu crhtp nghJ epUthf mikr;rpd; nrayhshpdhy; jPhk ; hdpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 12:6 cr;r vy;iy - ,e;jg; gpuptpd; Vw;ghLfspd; fPo; cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F ngw;Wf;nfhs;sf; $bajhf cs;s gjpy; flikf;Fupa rk;gsk; gpd;tUk; vy;iyfSf;F cl;gl;ljhFk;. 12:6:1 gjpy; flik GupAk; cj;jpNahfj;jH 12.5.4. vd;w cg gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s tFjpfspy; mlq;Fthuhapd;> nrYj;j Ntz;ba nkhj;j njhifahdJ> Nkyjpf gjtpapd; Muk;gr; rk;gsj;jpy; gFjpia tpl mjpfkhff; $lhJ. 12:6:2 gjpy; flik GhpAk; cj;jpNahfj;jH 12.5.1 my;yJ 12.5.3 vd;w cg gpupTfspy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s tFjpfspy; cs;slf;fg;gLthuhapd;> nrYj;j Ntz;ba njhifahdJ mtH gjpy; flik GupAk; gjtpf;Fupa Muk;g rk;gsj;ij tpl mjpfkhff; $lhJ. 12:7 nfhLg;gdTfs; dTfs - cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F mtuJ epue;ju gjtpf;F cupj;jhd nfhLgg;dTfisr; nrYj;Jjy; Ntz;Lk;. 12:8 mur $l;Lj;jhgdq;fs; s - mur $l;Lj;jhgdk; xd;Wf;F jw;fhypfkhf tpLtpf;fg;gl;Ls;s murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F my;yJ mur $l;lj;jhgdnkhd;wpy; VNjDk; xU gjtpapy; gjpy; flik GupAk; murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F ,e;j mj;jpahaj;jpd; 12 Mk; gpuptpd; gpufhuk; gjpy; flikf;fhd rk;gsj;ij toq;f KbAk;. 12:9 Mizf;FOf;fs; kw;Wk; FOf; FOf;fs; tpNrl Mizf;FOnthd;wpy; my;yJ tprhuizf; FOnthd;wpy; gzpahw;Wk; murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F Nkyjpf Cjpak; xd;wpid nrYj;j Ntz;Lnkdf; fUJk; gl;rj;jpy;> mt;thW nrYj;j Ntz;ba Cjpaj;jpd; mstpid jhgdg; gzpg;ghshplk; tpdtp jPHkhdpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.

81

VIII MtJ mj;jpahak;


Nkyjpf Neug; gbfs;> tpLKiw tpLKiw ehl;fs;> tpLKiw ehs; rk;gsq;fs; kw;Wk; gbfs;;
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Neug;; gbfSf; fhd epjpapid gbfSf;fhd epjp Vw;ghL kw;Wk; Nkyjpf Neug P huk;. nrytpLtjw;fhd mq;ff Nkyjpf Nkyjpf Neug; gzpf; fl;Lg;ghL. Nkyjpf Neug;gb nrYj;jg;glj; lj;jf;f re;jh;gg ; q;fs;. Nkyjpf Neug; gbapidg; ngw cupikaw;w juq;fs;. fzf;fplg;gl Ntz;ba fhyvy;iyfs; yfs;. nrYj;jg;gl Ntz;ba fl;lz msT. tiuaiwfs;. tpLKiw ehl;fs;. tpLKiw ehs; rk;gsq; gsq;fs;. gs thu ,Wjp ehl;fspYk; spYk;> murhq;f tpLKiw gzpahw;wpaikf;fhf rpy juq;fSf;F nrYj;Jjy;. tho;fi ; fr; nryTg; gb. gb. Nrit epiyag; epiyag; gb. gb. ehl;fspYk; gbfisr; gbfisr;

11. 12.

82

VIII MtJ mj;jpahak;


Nkyjpf Neu Neug; g; gbfs;> tpLKiw ehl;fs;> tpLKiw ehs; rk;gsk; kw;Wk; k; gbfs; gbfs;
1. epjp Vw;ghL kw;Wk; Nkyjpf Neug; ; hf epjpapidr; Neug; gbfSf; gbfSff nrytpLtjw;fhd mq;ff P huk;.
1:1 ,e;j tplak; epjp gw;wpa tplaj;jpw;Fg; nghWg;ghd mikr;rpw;Fr; nrhe;jkhd xd;whFk;. gpd;tUk; rl;l tpjpfs; mt;tikr;rpdhy; ntspaplf; $ba mwpTWj;JiffSf;Fl;gl;bUf;Fk;. ; 1:2 jpiwNrupaplk; tpdthJ Nkyjpf Neug; gbnahd;wpid toq;Ftjw;F mDkjpaspf;f KbtJ> mjw;fhf nrytpLtjw;F kjpg;gL P fspy; fl;lhakhf epjp Vw;ghLfs; nra;ag;gl;bUe;J kw;Wk; nrYj;Jtjw;Fj; Njitahd epjpAk; fhzg;gl;bUe;jhy; khj;jpuNkahFk;. 1:3 Kw;gzf; fzf;Ffs; kw;Wk; Vida mwtPLfs; vd;gdtw;wpypUe;J epjp toq;fg;gLk; gzpfSf;fhf Nkyjpf Neug; gbahfr; nrytplf; $ba epjpapd; mstpid tuTnryTj; jpl;lg; gzpg;ghsh; Vw;fdNt jPhk ; hdpj;jpUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. mt;thwhd midj;J re;jh;gg ; q;fspYk; chpa mikr;rpd; nrayhsUld; fye;jhNyhrpj;J 7.1 Mk; cg gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s tiuaiwf;F cl;gl;ljhf Nkyjpf Neur; nrytpid mDkjpg;gjw;F jpizf;fsj; jiytUf;F mjpfhuk; cz;L. nrytpdq;fis mDkjpj;jy;> ; jdJ jw;WzpGf;fikaTk;> Njitnadj; jhd; fUJfpd;w Kw;ghJfhg;G Vw;ghLfs; vitNaDkpUg;gpd; mtw;iwg; gad;gLj;jpajd; gpd;dUk; jpizf;fsj; jiyth;fsplNk xg;gilg;gjw;F nrayhsUf;F KbAk;. 1:4 kjpg;gL P fspy; xJf;fg;gl;Ls;s epjpj; njhifAk;> Kw;gzf; fzf;Ffs; kw;Wk; Vida mwtPLfs; vd;gdtw;wpd; fPo; mDkjpf;fg;gl;Ls;s epjpj; njhifAk; Mz;bw;Fs;; Nkyjpf Neug; gbahf nrytplf;$ba Mff; $ba epjpj; njhifahff; fUj;jpw; nfhs;sg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. nrayhsh; xUth; mjptpNrl re;jh;gg ; q;fs; jtph;ej ; Vida re;jh;gg ; q;fspy; Nkyjpf Neug; gbahf epjpapid Fiwepug;Gr; nra;af; $lhJ. me;jr; nrytpid mtjhdj;NjhLk; njhlh;r;rpahfTk; fl;Lg;gLj;Jtjw;F nrayhsh; kw;Wk; jpizf;fsj; jiyth; Njitahd midj;J Kaw;rpfisAk; Nkw;nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. 1:5 ntw;wplkhf cs;s xU gjtpapy; gjpy;flik Guptjw;fhf mDkjpf;fg;gLk; Nkyjpfr; nrytpid me;jg; gjtpf;fhf xJf;fpAs;s epjp epYitfSf;F nghJthf gw;W itj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. mt;thwhd nryTfs; gw;wpa tpguq;fisf; Fwpj;J itj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.

2. Nkyjpf Neu gzpf; fl;Lg;ghL


2:1 Nkyjpf Neug; gbapidg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;Fg; Nghjpa mstpy; Nkyjpf Neuj;jpy; cupathWk;> epahakhd KiwapYk; gzp Gupe;Js;sduh vd;gjid jpizf;fsj; jiyth; my;yJ mtupdhy; epakpf;fg;gLfpd;w nghWg;G tha;ej ; mYtyh; xUth; jdpg;gl;l Kiwapy; jpUg;jp miljy; Ntz;Lk;. ,e;jg; gzpapy; tpjpf;fg;gl;lsT Nritahw;wg;gLtjhfTk; gzp Ghpag;glhky; tPNzfopfpd;w fhyj;Jf;F Nkyjpf Neug;gbfs; nrYj;jg;glhjthWk; ghh;jJ ; f; nfhs;tjhf cupa
83

mj; ; pahak; VIII mjj

ghprPyid kw;Wk; mwpf;iffisg; Ngzp tUtjw;fhd Kiwnahd;wpid tFj;Jf; nfhs;tJ jpizf;fsj; jiytupd; flikahFk;.

3. Nkyjpf Neug Neug;; gbfisr; nrYj;j Kbe;j re;jh;gg ; q;fs;


3:1 ahNjDnkhU Fwpjj ; gzpapid epiwNtw;Wtjw;F NtW ve;j topAk; ,y;yhj mjptpNrl re;jh;gg ; q;fspy; khj;jpuk; Nkyjpf Neug; gzpf;fhf epjpapidr; nrytply; Ntz;Lk;. cjhuzkhf Fwpg;gpLtjhapd;; jpizf;fsj;jpNy mjw;fhfg; nghUj;jkhd Ntiyj; jpl;lnkhd;wpid mikj;Jf;nfhs;s Kbahj re;jh;gg ; q;fspyhFk;. 3:2 Fwpg;ghf tpjpj;Jiuf;fg;gl;Ls;sitAk;> rhjhuz flikfspypUe;J Kw;wpYk; Gwk;ghditAk;> mtrukhditAk;> rhjhuz flik Neuj;jpy; Nkw;nfhs;s KbahjitAkhd NtiyfSf;F khj;jpuNk Nkyjpf Neug; gbapidr; nrYj;j KbAk;. 3:3 jpizf;fsnkhd;wpd; rhjhuz tplag; gug;gpy; cs;slf;fg;gl;Ls;s NtiyfSf;Fk; cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtupd; ftdaPdk; fhuzkhf my;yJ mYtyf Kiwik fhzg;glhikahy; my;yJ mYtyf Kiwikfisj; jl;bf;fopj;jikahy; chpa Neuj;jpw;F Mw;whky; xd;W Nrh;ej ; gzpfSf;Fk; Nkyjpf Neug;; gbapidr; nrYj;Jjy; $lhJ. 3:4 mtru re;jh;gg ; k; xd;wpd;NghJ xUrpy kzpj;jpahyq;fs; Nkyjpfkhfg; gzpahw;WkhW xH cj;jpNahfj;jUf;Fg; gzpj;Js;s re;jh;gg ; j;jpy; mtUf;F Nkyjpf Neug; gbapidr; nrYj;Jtjw;fhf mDkjpj;jy; $lhJ. ahNjDk; mtrukhf epiwNtw;w Ntz;ba tpNrl gzpapid epiwNtw;Wtjw;fhf Fwpg;gplj;jf;fsT fhyj;jpw;F mjpfkhd kzpj;jpahyq;fs; Nkyjpf Neuk; gzpahw;w Ntz;ba re;jh;gg ; q;fspy; khj;jpuNk Nkyjpf Neug; gbapidr; nrYj;Jjy; Ntz;Lk;. 3:5 ahNjDnkhU jpizf;fsj;jpy; ehshe;jk; Nkyjpf Neu Ntiy fhzg;gLfpd;w re;jh;g;gnkhd;wpy; cs;sf Ntiyj; jpl;lk; xd;wpD}lhfNth my;yJ Nkyjpf gzpahl;nlhFjp xd;wpid Ml;Nrh;g;gjd; %yNkh Nkyjpf Neug;; gbapidr; nrYj;Jtjid jtph;jJ ; f;nfhs;s Kbahkw; Nghapd; mkaf; fl;lznjhiffspd; mbg;gilapy; njhlh;r;rpahf Nkyjpf Neug;; gbapidr; nrYj;jiy mDkjpj;jyhfhJ. mjw;Fg; gjpyhf gupkhw;W Nkyjpf Neug;; gb xd;wpidf; tpjpf;F ; khW jhgd gzpg;ghsuplk; Ntz;LNfhs; tpLj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 3:6 cj;jpNahfj;jH xUth; tpLKiwapy; nrd;w xNu fhuzj;jpdhy; ,d;Nwy; gjtpnahd;wpy; ntw;wplk; Vw;gl;lTlNdNa mg;gjtpapd; gzpfis Nkw;nfhs;tjw;fhf Nkyjpf Neug;; gbapid mDkjpj;jy; $lhJ. mt;ntht;nthU re;jh;gg ; j;jpYk; cj;Njr epiygw;wp ed;F Muha;eJ ; epiyikf;Fg; nghUj;jkhd jPhk ; hdk; xd;wpid vLj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. flikf;Fr; rKfkspf;fhj cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtupd; flikfis Vida cj;jpNahfj;jh;fs; Clhf epiwNtw;wpf; nfhs;Sk; nghUl;L Nkyjpf Neug;; gbapd; mbg;gilapy; Njitahd Vw;ghLfis Nkw;nfhs;shJ jpizf;fsj; jiytupdhy; ,ad;w vy;yhr; re;jh;gg ; q;fspYk; mjw;fhd epue;ju Ntiyj; jpl;lnkhd;wpid mikj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.

4. Nkyjpf Neug; gbapidg;;

ngWtjw;F

cupjj ; w;w juq;fs;

4:1 gpd;tUk; mYtyh; tFjpapidr; rhh;ej ; th;fSf;F Nkyjpf Neug;; gbf;fhd cupik ,y;iy gjtpepiy cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth; ntspf;fs cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth; - mjhtJ Kf;fpakhf ntspf;fsg; gzpfs; xg;gilf;fg;gl;Ls;s> Xhplj;jpw;nfd tiuaWf;fg;glhj> ahNjDNkhh; mYtyfj;jpd; vy;iyf;F mg;ghy; mike;Js;s Ntiyj; jsq;fSf;F mbf;fb
84

mj;jpahak; VIII

nry;y Ntz;ba Nkw;ghh;it jd;iknfhz;l flikfs; xg;gilf;fg;gl;Ls;s> ghPry P id> gazq;fs; vd;gd jkJ flikapy; cs;slf;fg;gl;Ls;s cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth;. gFjpNeu cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth; jpizf;fsk; xd;wpNy Nkyjpf Neug;; gbapidg; ngWtjw;F cupj;jw;w junkd jpizf;fsj; jiytupdhy; fUjg;gLfpd;w Ntnwe;jnthU juj;jpw;FKhpa cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth;. 4:2 Copah; xUth; jw;fhypf my;yJ mka my;yJ ehs; rk;gs mbg;gilapy; gzpf;fkh;jj ; g;gl;bUf;fpd;w xNu fhuzj;jpw;fhf mth; Nkyjpf Neug;; gbapidg; ngWtjw;F cupj;jw;w xUtuy;yH. 4:3 ahNjDnkhU Gjpa gjtp> Copah; tFg;G my;yJ juk; Nkyjpf Neug;; gbapidg; ngWtjw;F jFjpAilajh vdf; fUJtjw;F Kd;dh; jhgdg; gzpg;ghsupd; mDkjpapidg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;.

5. fzf;fplg;gl Ntz;ba fhy vy;iyfs;


5:1 rhjhuz flik Neuq;fSf;Fg; Gwk;ghf Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;l NtiyfSf;fhf gpd;tUk; tpjpfSf;F cl;gl;ljhf Nkyjpf Neuf; nfhLg;gditr; nrYj;j KbAk;. 5:2 ehSf;Fupa KOf; flik Neuj;jpYk; cj;jpNahfj;jh; gzpahw;wpapUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. ahNjDnkhU ehspy; jhkjkhf Ntiyf;F te;jikahy; my;yJ miuehs; tpLKiw> rka topghLfSf;fhd tpNrl tpLKiw Nghd;w VNjDnkhU tifahd tpLKiw fhuzkhf ,of;fg;gl;l fhyj;ij me;j ehspy; gzpGupe;j Nkyjpf Neuj;jpypUe;J fopj;Jtpl;L vQ;rpa fhyj;ij khj;jpuNk Nkyjpf Neukhff; fUjp mjw;F khj;jpuNk gbapidr; nrYj;Jjy; Ntz;Lk;. 5:3 xU jlitapy; miu kzpj;jpahyj;jpw;Ff; Fiwe;j fhyj;jpw;fhf my;yJ xU ehisapy; nkhj;jkhf xU kzpj;jpahyj;jpw;Ff; Fiwe;j fhyj;jpw;fhf Nkyjpf Neug;; gbapidr; nrYj;jyhfhJ. xU jlitapy; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;l Nkyjpf Ntiyapd; nkhj;j mstpidf; fzf;fpLk; NghJ xU kzpj;jpahyj;jpy; ehd;fpy; xU gFjpf;Ff; Fiwe;j gFjpapidf; fzpg;gplyhfhJ. 5:4 rhjhuz flik Neuj;jpw;Fg; Gwk;ghf flikf;fhfg; gazpf;Fk; fhyj;jpid> gpd;tUk; re;jh;gg ; q;fspy; jtpu Nkyjpf Neug; gbf;fhf fzf;fply; $lhJ. 5:4:1 mt;thW gazpg;gJ flikapid epiwNtw;Wtjpy; Xh; mq;fkhff; fhzg;gLkplj;J (cjhuzk; - rhujp xUth;> Gifapuj (Guard) fhtyh; xUth;) my;yJ flikg; nghWg;Gj; jd;ikf;Nfw;g Xa;T vLf;f KbahJ njhlh;r;rpahf mtjhdj;Jld; ,Uf;f Ntz;ba re;jh;gg ; j;jpy;. (cjhuzkhf gzj;ijf; nfhz;Lnry;Yk; rpwhg;gh; xUth;) 5:5 ,t;thW gazk; nra;Ak; NghJ ,ilapilNa khj;jpuk; Ntiy Vw;gLkplj;J mjidf; fhj;jpUj;jy; flikahff; fUjp> Nkyjpf Neug; gbf;f ; hf me;jf; fhyj;jpy; miuthrpia khj;jpuk; fzf;fply;; Ntz;Lk;. 5:6 nghJthf Nkyjpf Neuj;ijf; fzf;fpl Ntz;baJ xt;nthU ehspYk; rhjhuz Ntiy Neuj;jpYk; ghh;ff ; Nkyjpfkhfg; gzpahw;wpa kzpj;jpahyj;ij mbg;gilahff; nfhz;NlahFk;. vdpDk;> thuj;ij mbg;gilahff; nfhz;L flik Neuq;fs; eph;zapf;fg;gl;bUf;Fk; re;jh;gg ; q;fspy; (mjhtJ xU thuj;jpy; gzpahw;w Ntz;ba Mff; Fiwe;j kzpj;jpahyq;fisf; Fwpg;gpl;L Row;rpKiw my;yJ
85

mj;jpahak; VIII

gjpy; khw;WKiw mbg;gilapy; gzpf;fkh;jj ; g;gl;Ls;s cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth; njhlh;gpy;) Nkyjpf Neuj;ijf; fzpgg ; pLk; NghJ xU thuj;jpw;nfd tpjpf;fg;gl;Ls;s kzpj;jpahyq;fspYk; ghHf;f Nkyjpfkhfg; gzpahw;Wfpd;w kzpj;jpahyq;fisNa mbg;gilahff; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;.

6.

nrYj; nrYj;jg;gl Ntz;ba fl;lz msT

6:1 rhjhuz fl;lzk; zk; - xU kzpj;jpahyj;jpw;Fr; nrYj;jg;gl Ntz;ba rhjhuz Nkyjpf Neug; gbapd; msT xUehs; rk;gsj;jpd; vl;bnyhU (1/8) gFjpahFk;. khjhe;j rk;gsk; ngWk; cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth; njhlh;gpy; xUehs; rk;gsj;ijf; fzf;fpl Ntz;baJ jpuz;l khjhe;j rk;gsj;jpy; Kg;gjpy; xd;W (1/30) vd;w tifapyhFk;. Nkyjpf Neug;; gbapidf; fzpg;gpLk; NghJ tho;fi ; fr; nryTf; nfhLg;gdtpid fUj;jpy; nfhs;syhfhJ. 6:2 fhj;jpUj;jy; flikf;fhd fl;lzk; zk; - fhj;jpUf;Fk; flikfSf;fhf Nkyjpf Neug;gb nrYj;jg;gl Ntz;baJ rhjhuzf; fl;lzj;jpy; miuthrp vd;w tpfpjj;jpyhFk;. fhj;jpUj;jy; flik vd;gjd; %yk; fUjg;gLtJ> Fwpg;gplj;jf;fsT Ntiy ,y;yhjNghjpYk;> Fwpj;j fhyj;jpw;F Fwpg;gplg;gLk; Nrit epiyaj;jpy; flikapd; epkpj;jk; Xh; cj;jpNahfj;jh; fhj;jpUg;gjidf; Fwpg;gplyhk;. Njit Vw;gLkplj;J Nritf;F cldbahf miof;fj; jf;fthW Nritahw;Wk; epiyaj;jpy; epj;jpiu nfhs;SkhW cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUf;F cj;jutpl;Ls;s re;jh;gg ; Kk; ,jpy; mlq;Fk;. Nkhl;lhh; thfdr; rhujp xUth; my;yJ Jizahs; xUth; njhlh;gpy; fhj;jpUf;Fk; flikf; fhyk;" vd;gjd; fUj;J> flikapypUe;J jw;fhypfkhf tpLtpf;fg;gl;L mtUf;F tPlL ; f;Fr; nry;tjw;F mDkjpaspf;fg;gl;Ls;s NghjpYk; NjitNaw;gLk; ve;jnthU re;jh;gg ; j;jpYk; flikf;F kPs miof;fg;gLtjw;F mth; fl;Lg;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;s fhyj;ijf; Fwpf;Fk;. mth; jw;fhypfkhf tpLtpf;fg;gl;L Fwpj;j Neuj;jpy; mth; kPzL ; k; Nritf;F tuTs;s NghjpYk; flikf;fhf mtH mtru re;jh;gg ; j;jpy; miof;fg;gLtjw;F fl;Lg;gLj;jg;glhj fhyj;ij fhj;jpUj;jy; flik" Neukhff; fzpg;glyhfhJ. jw;fhypff; flikapy; ,Ue;J tpLtpf;fg;gl;Ls;s fhyj;jpDs; jdJ thfdj;jpw;F mUfhikapy; fl;lhak; ,Uf;f Ntz;baikahy; Rje;jpukhf elkhl Kbahj epiyapYs;s rhujp xUthpd; KO Neuj; njhopw;gL flikapy; <Lgl;Ls;s xUtuhff; fUj;jpy; nfhs;sg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. fhj;jpUj;jy; flikapd;fo P ; nrytpLfpd;w fhyj;ijf; fzpg;gpLk; NghJ miu kzpj;jpahyj;jpw;Ff; Fiwe;j fhyj;jpidf; fzpg;gplyhfhJ.

7. tiuaiwfs; iuaiwfs;
7:1 ntw;wplkhff; fhzg;gLfpd;w gjtpnahd;wpd; flikfisg; Guptjw;fhf Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLfpd;w Nkyjpf Neu NtiyAl;gl xU thuj;jpNy 10 kzpj;jpahyq;fSf;F Nky; Nkyjpf Neug;; gbnahd;iw ve;jNthh; cj;jpNahfj;jUf;Fk; nrYj;jf; $lhJ. 7:2 mjptpNrl re;jh;gg ; q;fspy; vtNuDk; cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F xU thuj;jpy; 10 kzpj;jpahy tiuaiwf;F mg;ghy; Nkyjpf Neug;; gbnahd;iw mDkjpg;gjw;F mikr;rpd; nrayhsUf;F mjpfhuk; cz;L. 7:1:1 ,e;j mjpfhuj;ij rpNu\;l cjtpr; nrayhsh; xUtuplk; jpizf;fsj; jiyth; xUtuplk; xg;gilf;f nrayhsUf;F KbAk;. my;yJ

86

mj;jpahak; VIII

8. tpLKiw ehl;fs;
8:1 1971 Mk; Mz;bd; 29 Mk; ,yf;f tpLKiwr; rl;lj;jpd;fo P ; murhq;f tpLKiw ehl;fs; gpd;tUkhWQhapw;Wf; fpoik ngsh;zkp Nghah jpdq;fs; rl;lj;jpd;fo P ; ntspaplg;gLfpd;w Vida murhq;f tpLKiw ehl;fs;. 8:2 ,e;epajpr; rl;lk; njhlHghd gzpfSf;fhf nghJthf Qhapw;Wf; fpoik jpdj;ij "thu Xa;T ehshff;" fUJjy;; Ntz;Lk;. murhq;f tpLKiw ehl;fshff; nfhs;sg;gl Ntz;bait ngsh;zkp Nghah jpdq;fs; kw;Wk; rl;lj;jpd; fPo; ntspaplg;gLfpd;w Vida tpLKiw ehl;fs; vd;gdthFk;. 8:3 Row;rp Kiwapy; my;yJ epthuz Copah;fs; my;yJ gjpyhl;fshf rpy ehl;fSf;F gzpf;fkh;j;jg;gLk; Copah;fs; jtph;ej ; mka Copah;fs;; kw;Wk; ehl;rk;gsk; ngWk; Copah;fs;; cs;spl;l midj;J juq;fisAk; Nrh;ej ; murhq;f Copah;fSf;Fk;; 8.1 Mk; cg gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s murhq;f tpLKiw ehl;fs; (thu Xa;T ehl;fsy;y) nghUe;Jk;. vdpDk; gFjpNeu Copah;fSf;F murhq;f tpLKiw ehl;fs; njhlh;ghd cupik fpilahJ.

9. tpLKiw ehs; rk;gsk;


9:1 jdJ Nrit epge;jidapd; gpufhuk; murhq;f tpLKiw ehnshd;wpy; gzpahw;w Ntz;bAs;s cj;jpNahfj;jh;; xUtUf;F murhq;f tpLKiw ehnshd;wpy; gzpahw;wpaikf;fhfg; gpd;tUk; mbg;gilapd;kJ P rk;gsk; toq;fg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. mth; ehl;rk;gsj;ijg; ngWgtuhapd;> murhq;f tpLKiw ehnshd;Wld;; mjw;F Kd;dLj;j my;yJ gpd;dLj;j Ntiy ehspy; flikf;F rKfk; mspj;Js;shuhapd; mtUf;F xUehs; rk;gsk; toq;fg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. vdpDk;> murhq;f tpLKiw ehSf;F Kd;dLj;Jk; gpd;dLj;Jk; tUfpd;w ,uz;L Ntiy ehl;fspYk; ,th; RfaPd tpLKiw> kUj;Jt tpLKiw my;yJ rk;gskw;w tpLKiwapy; ,Ue;jpUg;gpd; me;j murhq;f tpLKiwf;fhf mtUf;F xUehs; rk;gsk; cupj;jw;wjhFk;. vt;thwhapDk;> rk;gsj;Jldhd tpLKiw ngWtjw;F mth; jFjpAilatuhapd;> flikf;Fr; rKfkspf;fhj mj; jpdj;ij rk;gsj;Jldhd tpLKiw ehshf fUj;jpw; nfhs;s KbAk;. mth; khjhe;j rk;gsk; mtUf;F cupj;Jilajd;W. ngWgtuhapd;> vJtpj Nkyjpff; nfhLg;gdTk;

9:2 jdJ Nrit epge;jidfspd; gpufhuk; murhq;f tpLKiw ehnshd;wpy; gzpahw;w Njitg;gLj;jg;glhj xUtUf;F gpd;tUk; mDruizfspy; jhd; tpUk;gpa xd;wpid mDgtpg;gjw;fhd cupikAz;L. cj;jpNahfj;jh; ehl; rk;gsj;ijg; ngWgtuhapd; ,uz;by; xd;wpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s KbAk;. gpd;tUk; mDruizfs;

rpukkpd;wp mtUf;F tpLKiw toq;ff; $bajhf cs;s re;jh;g;gq;fspy; xUehs; rk;gsj;Jldhd tpLKiw. mt;thwpd;Nwy; Nrit nra;j ehSf;F Kiwahf ciof;fg;gl;l rk;gsj;jpw;F Nkyjpfkhf rhjhuz fl;lzj;jpw;F Vw;g NkYk; xUehisf;fhd rk;gsk;.

87

mj;jpahak; VIII

cj;jpNahfj;jh; khjhe;j rk;gsk; ngWk; mNjNeuk; mth; gjtpepiy cj;jpNahfj;jh;> ntspf;fs cj;jpNahfj;jh; my;yJ Nkyjpf Neug;; gbf;F cupj;jw;w Xh; cj;jpNahfj;juhf ,y;yhj re;jh;gg ; j;jpy; gpd;tUk; mDruizfs; ,uz;by; xd;wpidj; jdJ tpUg;gj;jpw;F Vw;g mDgtpf;f mtUf;F cupikAz;L. gzpahw;wpa jpdj;jpw;Fg; gjpyhf xUehs; tpLKiw my;yJ khjhe;j rk;gsj;jpy; 1/30 vd;w tifapy; fzpg;gplg;gl Ntz;ba Nkyjpf xUehs; rk;gsk;. 9:3 gjtpepiy cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth;> ntspf;fs cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth; my;yJ Nkyjpf Neug;; gbapidg; ngWtjw;F cupj;jw;w cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth; murhq;f tpLKiw ehs; xd;wpNy gzpahw;Wk; gl;rj;jpy;> mtUf;F mjw;Fg; gjpyhf xUehs; gjpy; tpLKiwapid khj;jpuNk ngw;Wf; nfhs;s chpik cz;L. mtUf;F mjw;Fg; gjpyhf Ntnwe;jnthU Nkyjpfg; gbapidAk;; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s cupik fpilahJ. 9:4 tpLKiw ehspy; xU gFjpapy; khj;jpuk; gzpahw;WkhW Xh; cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F cj;jutplg;gLkplj;J> Nkw;gb Nkyjpfr; rk;gsk; my;yJ cioj;j gjpy; tpLKiw vd;gtw;wpy; xd;wpid gzpahw;wpa cupa kzpj;jpahyq;fSf;F khj;jpuNk ngw;Wf;nfhLj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. ,jw;fhf Fwpj;j mYtyh; nghJthf gzpahw;Wk; fhyj;jpDs; fhzg;gLfpd;w kzpj;jpahyq;fis khj;jpuNk fUj;j ; py; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. 9:5 ,e;jg; gpuptpd; fPo; xd;W NrUk;; gjpy; tpLKiwfs;> mg; gjpy; tpLKiwfs; ciof;fg;gl;l jpdj;jpypUe;J Xuhz;L fhyg;gFjpapDs; ngw;Wf;nfhs;sg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 9:6 murhq;f tpLKiw ehnshd;wpNy flikapd; epkpj;jk; gazk; nra;tJ> tpLKiw ehs; rk;gsj;ijg; ngWtjw;fhd gazk; xd;whff; fzpf;fg;glyhfhJ. vdpDk;> Fwpjj ; flik xd;wpid epiwNtw;Wtjw;fhfNt me;jg; gazk; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;ljhapd> ; mjw;fhfg; gjpy; tpLKiw toq;Ftjpy; Ml;Nrgid ,y;iy. 9:7 Nkyjpf rk;gsj;ij> rhjhuz rk;gsk; cs;slf;fg;gLfpd;w xJf;fl P b ; NyNa gw;W itj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. vdpDk; tpLKiw ehSf;fhf rk;gsk; ngWtjw;F cupj;Jila ahNuDNkhh; cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F murhq;f tpLKiw ehnshd;wpNy jdJ rhjhuz flikf;Fg; Gwk;ghf gzpahw;WkhW cj;jutplb ; Ug;gpd;> me;j Nkyjpf kzpj;jpahyq;fSf;fhd Nkyjpf Neug;; gbapidr; nrYj;j Ntz;baJld;> me;jr; nrytpid rhjhuz Nkyjpff; Neug; gbf;fhd xJf;fL P fspNyNa gw;W itj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 9:8 murhq;f ,y;yj;jpw;fhd thlif> tpjitfs; kw;Wk; mehijfs; Xa;t+jpag; gq;fspg;Gf; fl;lzk;> murNrit Copah; Nrkyhg epjpapd; gq;fspg;Gf; fl;lzk; Nghd;wtw;wpid mwtpLtjw;fhf tpLKiwjpd rk;gsk; kw;Wk; rhjhuz rk;gsk; vd;gtw;wpid xd;whf $l;Ljy; $lhJ. 9:9 murhq;f tpLKiw ehnshd;W> cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtupd; rhjhuz thu Xa;T ehspy; tUkhapd;> (,J Qhapw;Wf;fpoik xd;whapDk; my;yJ NtnwhU ehshapDk; rup) mt;thwhdnjhU ehspy; gzpahw;WkhW mth; gzpf;fg;gLkplj;Jk;> mtUf;F chpj;jhtJ Xa;T ehl;fspy; gzpGupe;jhy; fpilf;Fk; rYifNa md;wp> murhq;f tpLKiw ehs; xd;wpNy gzpahw;wpaikf;fhf toq;fg;gLk; rYifay;y. cjhuzkhff; Fwpg;gpLtjhapd;> Qhapw;Wf;fpoik xd;wpy; tUfpd;w murhq;f tpLKiw ehnshd;wpNy gzpahw;WkhW Xh; cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F cj;jutplg;gLkplj;J> Qhapw;Wf;fpoik me;j mYtyupd; rhjhuz Xa;T ehshfTk; mikAkhapd;> Qhapw;Wf; fpoikapy; gzpahw;wpaikf;fhf nghJthf toq;fg;gLfpd;w rYifNa md;wp> tpLKiw ehl;rk;gsk; mtUf;Fr; nrYj;jg;glyhfhJ. mjhtJ> mth; Nkyjpf Neug;gb cupj;Jila khjhe;j rk;gsk; ngWk; cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtuhapd> ; mtUf;F Nkyjpf Neug;gbia
88

mj;jpahak; VIII

nrYj;Jjy; Ntz;Lk;. vt;thwhapDk;> murhq;f tpLKiw ehnshd;W Qhapw;Wf;fpoik ehspNy tUtjhfTkpUe;J Qhapw;Wf;fpoikahdJ Xh; cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; rhjhuz Ntiy ehshfTkpUg;gpd; ,e;jg; gpuptpd; Vw;ghLfs; mtUf;F Vw;Gilj;jhFk;. ;

10.

thu ,Wjp ehl;fspYk;> murhq;f tpLKiw ehl;fspYk; gzpahw;wpaikf;fhf rpy juq;fSf;Fg; gzk; nrYj;Jjy;

10:1 NkNy 4.1 cg gpuptpy; Fwpf;fg;gl;Ls;s vjidAk; ftdj;jpy; nfhs;shJ> g+h;jj ; p nra;ag;gLtjw;F 03 khjq;fs; my;yJ mjpYk; $ba fhyk; Njitg;glf;$ba Kd;Dupik mspf;fg;gl Ntz;ba kw;Wk; njhlh;rr ; pj; jd;ikAila epfo;rr ; pj; jpll ; nkhd;W njhlh;gpy; (xU jpizf;fsj;jpd; md;whl gzpfs; my;y) my;yJ twl;rp> nts;sg;ngUf;F> Fbrhh; fytuk; vd;gd fhuzkhf Vw;glf; $ba mtruj; jd;ikahd gzpnahd;W njhlh;gpy; rdp> QhapW my;yJ murhq;f tpLKiw ehnshd;wpNy gzpahw;WkhW cj;jutplg;gLfpd;w ,yq;if epUthf Nrit my;yJ ,yq;if nghwpapay; Nrit cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth; my;yJ Nkyjpf Neug;; gbapidg; ngWtjw;F cupjj ; w;w njhopy;El;g cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth;> mt;thW gzpahw;wpa xt;nthU ehSf;fhfTk; gpd;tUk; epge;jidfspd; fPo> ; me;je;j cj;jpNahfj;jupd; Gjpa jpuz;l khjhe;j rk;gsj;jpy; 1/20 ,w;Fr; rkkhd njhifapidg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;s cupj;Jilatuhthh;. (m) mth; xUehspy; 08 nra;jpUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. kzpj;jpahyq;fSf;Ff; FiwahJ Ntiy

(M) nrYj;j Kbe;j Mff; $ba ehl;fspd; vz;zpf;if xU khjj;jpw;F 08 ehl;fNsahFk; (,) nfhLg;gdtpw;fhf jifik ngWtjw;F Mff; Fiwe;jJ %d;W (03) ehl;fshtJ mth; gzpahw;wpapUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 10:2 Nkw;gb 10.1 cg gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s jd;ikapidAila gzp njhlh;ghf NtW ahNuDnkhU gjtpepiy cj;jpNahfj;jiu nfhLg;gdtpd; mbg;gilapy; thu ,Wjp ehl;fspy; my;yJ murhq;f tpLKiw ehnshd;wpNy gzpapyPLgLj;jy; mtrpankdf; fUjg;gLk; re;jh;gg ; q;fspy;> Fwpj;j mikr;rpd; nrayhsh; Clhf jhgdg; gzpg;ghshpd; mDkjp Nfhug;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. 10:3 Nkw;gb 10.1 cg gpuptpd;fo P ; nra;ag;gLk; nfhLg;gdTfs; njhlh;gpy; rk;ge;jg;gl;l Vida tpguq;fspilNa jpizf;fsj; jiytupd; my;yJ jhgdg; gzpg;ghsupd; mDkjpapidAk; Fwpg;gpl;L Mtzk; xd;wpidg; NgzptUjy; Ntz;Lk;.

11. ; fr; nryTg; 11. tho;fi nryTg; gb


11:1 murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jh;fs; midtUf;Fk; (ehshe;jr; rk;gsk; ngWfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth; mlq;fyhf) kw;Wk; tpjitfs; kw;Wk; mehijfs; Xa;T+jpak; ngWfpd;w Xa;T ngw;w xUth; cl;gl rfy murhq;f Xa;T+jpak; ngWNthUf;Fk; tho;fi ; fr; nryTg;gb xd;wpidr; nrYj;Jjy; Ntz;Lk;. 11.2. (m) (M) ,e;jg;gb gpd;tUkhW mikjy; Ntz;Lk;. khjhe;jr; rk;gsk; ngWfpd;w khjnkhd;wpw;F &gh. 246. &gh. 102 &gh. 56 &gh. 100 midj;J cj;jpNahfj;jHfSf;Fk;

khjnkhd;wpw;F 258 &gh njhifapidg; gpd;tUk; mbg;gilapy; nrYj;Jjy; Ntz;Lk;.


89

mj;jpahak; VIII

(i) murhq;fj; Jiwapy;> tq;fp xd;wpy;> mur $l;Lj;jhgdk; xd;wpy;> epajpr; rl;l epWtdk; xd;wpy; my;yJ tho;f;ifr; nryTg; gbapid toq;Fk; jdpahh; Jiwapy; jdJ tho;fi ; fj; Jiz gzpahw;whj jpUkzkhd murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUf;F (ii) tpjit my;yJ jGjhuh; xUtUf;F

tho;fi ; fr; nryTg; gbapd; KOikahd mjpfhpg;igr; nrYj;Jjy; Ntz;Lk;.

tho;fi ; fr; nryTg; gb KOikahf nrYj;Jjy; Ntz;Lk;. tho;fi ; fr; nryTg; gb mjpfhpg;gpd; miug; gFjpapid nrYj;Jjy; Ntz;Lk;. tho;fi ; fr; mjpfhpg;gpd; gFjpapid Ntz;Lk;. nryTg;gb miug; nrYj;Jjy;

(iii) tpthfkhfhj ngz;Zf;F

Mz;

my;yJ

(iv) mur Jiwapy;> tq;fp xd;wpy;> mur $l;Lj;jhgdk; xd;wpy;> epajpr; rl;l epWtdk; xd;wpy; my;yJ tho;fi ; fr; nryTg;gb toq;fg;gLk; jdpahh; Jiw epWtdnkhd;wpy; jdJ Jizahs; Nritahw;Wfpd;w tpthfk; nra;j mur cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUf;F

11:3 ehl;rk;gsk; ngWfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth; njhlh;gpy; tho;ri ; fr; nryTg; gbapidf; fzpg;gpl Ntz;baJ Fwpj;j khjj;jpw;fhd tho;fi ; fr; nryTg; gbapy; 1/21 tPjj;jpid 21 ehs; cr;r tiuaiwapd; fPo> ; Ntiy nra;j ehl;fshy; ngUf;Fjy; %ykhFk;. c+k; (m) Ntiy nra;j ehl;fspd; vz;zpf;if 15 (M) nrYj;j Ntz;ba nfhLg;gdT &. 258.00 15x258 21 = &. 184.28 Ntiy nra;j ehl;fspd; vz;zpf;fif 24 21x258 21 = &. 258.00 11:2Mk; gphptpd; Vw;ghLfisAk; gpd;gw;Wjy; Ntz;Lk;. cj;jpNahfj;jh; fPNo Fwp;gg ; plg;gl;Ls;s khjphpg; gbtj;jpw;F Vw;g ntspg;gLj;Jifnahd;wpid toq;Fjy;; Ntz;Lk;. ahNjDnkhU khjj;jpy; Kjyhk; jpfjpf;Fg; gpd;dh; khjhe;jr; rk;gsj;jpd; kPJ epakpf;fg;gl;l cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUf;F ,g;gbapidr; nrYj;j Ntz;baJ mth; mk;khjj;jpy;; Nritahw;wpa ehl;fspd; tpfpjrk mstpw;Nfw;gNtahFk;. 11:4 cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth; rk;gskw;w tpLKiwapidg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;Sk; NghJ> mk;khjj;jpw;fhfr; nrYj;j Ntz;ba gbahdJ Fwpj;j mYtyh; ngw;Wf;nfhs;fpd;w rk;gskw;w tpLKiw ehl;fspd; tpfpjrk msthy; Fiwf;fg;gLk;. ,g;gphptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s gzpfSf;Fj; Njitahd Fiwj;jypd; NghJ miur; rk;gs tpLKiwfis rk;gskw;w tpLKiwfshf khw;Wjy; Ntz;Lk;. 11:5 tho;fi ; fr; nryTg; gbahdJ rk;gsj;jpw;F/ Ntjdj;jpw;Fg; Gwk;ghd xU gbahff;; fhzg;gLtJld;> mjid Nkyjpf Neug;gb> tpLKiwjpd rk;gsk;
90

(,)

mj;jpahak; VIII

vd;gtw;wpidf; fzpg;gply; Nrh;ff ; f; $lhJ.

Nghd;w

gzpfSf;fhf

rk;gsj;Jld;/

Ntjdj;Jld;

12.

Ntiy epiyag; gb

12:1 fly; kl;lj;jpypUe;J 5000 mbf;F Nkw;gl;l caukhd ,lj;jpy; gzpahw;Wfpd;w midj;J cj;jpNahfj;jh;fSf;Fk; mtuJ Gjpa ,ize;j rk;gsj;jpy; MW tPj (06) Ntiy epiyag; gbnahd;wpid nrYj;Jjy; Ntz;Lk;.
khjphpg; gbtk; .. Mfpa ehd;; (ngah;) (gjtp) gpd;tUkhW ntspg;gLj;Jfpd;Nwd;. (i) ehd; tpthfkhfhj xUtuhNtd;.* (ii) ehd; tpthfkhd xUtuhNtd;. vdJ tho;fi ; fj; Jiz njhopNyJk; Ghptjpy;iy.* (iii) ehd; tpthfkhd xUtuhNtd;. vdJ tho;fi ; fj; Jiz mur Jiwf;F*/ tq;fpf;F*/ mur $l;Lj;jhgdj;jpw;F*/ epajpr; rl;lepWtdj;jpw;F*/ jdpahh; Jiwf;Fr;* nrhe;jkhd mYtyfj;jpy; gzpahw;Wfpd;whh;. mjpy; tho;fi ; fr; nryTf; nfhLg;gdT toq;fg;gLfpd;wJ*/ toq;fg;gLtjpy;iy.* (iv) ehd; xU tpjitahNtd;./ jGjhuuhNtd;.* (v) ehd; kPsg; gzpf;fkh;jj ; g;gl;l Xa;Tngw;w xUtuhNtd;.* (vi) tho;fi ; fr; nryTg;gbapd; mjpfhpg;gpid nrYj;JtJld; njhlh;Gila ahNjDk; khw;wnkhd;W Vw;gLkplj;J me;j khw;wk; ,lk;ngw;w clNdNa mJgw;wp nfhLg;gdT cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F mwptpg;gjw;F cWjpaspf;fpd;Nwd;. ........................................... (ifnahg;gk;) (jpfjp Njitaw;w ,lq;fis ntl;b tplTk;.

91

IX MtJ mj;jpahak;
fl;lzq;fs;
1. 2. murhq;fj;Jf;F Nritfis nrYj; ;jg;gLk; fl;lzq;fs;. nrYjjg; mur $l;Lj;jhgdq;fs;> rigfs; jug;gpdh;fSf;F flikfis nrYj;jg;gLk; fl;lzq;fs;. Mw;wpaikf;fhfr; my;yJ jdpg;gl; ; ll Mw; ; paikf;fhfr; Mww

3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

thndhyp/ njhiyf;fhl;rp ciufs; kw;Wk; tpupTiufs;. kjpg;gl P L ; f; fl;lzq;fs; iftpuy; milahs gjpthsupdhy; gjpthsupdhy; Mw;wg;gLk; Nritfs; Nritfs;. khtl;l ePjpkd;wk;> fl;lzq;fs;. ePjthd; ePjpkd;wk; vd;gtw;wpw;fhd Njl Njly> ;

fr;NrupfspYk; rupfspYk; gpw jpizf;fsq; sq;fspYk; spYk;; nkhopngah;gG ; f;; fl;lzq;fs;.

fyhy;tupj; jpizf;fsj;jpd; gpujp gz;zy; fl;lzq;fs;. (15 Mk; mjpfhukhd) mur Mtzq;fisr; rhd;WWjpg;gLj;jy; fl;lisr; rl;lj;jpd; 3 Mk; gpuptpd; fPo; mwtP P nra;ag;gLfpd;w gpujpgz;zy; fl;lzq;fs;. mwtL gpiz mwpf;iffSf;fhf mwtplg;gLk; fl;lzq;fs;. ePjpkd;w mYty;fSf; ; hf Sff nrYj; ;jg;gLk; fl;lzq;fs;. nrYjjg; kUj;Jt mjpfhupfSf;Fr;

10. 10. 11. 11. 12. 12.

njhopyhsh;fSf;F el;l<L toq;Fjy; njhlh;ghd gzpfSf;fhf fhf kUj;Jt mjpfhupfSf;Fr; nrYj;jg;gLk; fl;lzq;fs;. tpNrl re;jh;gg ; q;fspd;NghJ kUj;Jtr; rigfspy; rigfspy; gzpahw;wpaikf;fhfr; fhfr; nrYj;jg;gLk; fl;lzq;fs;. fzf;fply; fply;. ;
92

13. 13. 14. 14.

IX MtJ mj;jpahak;
fl;lzq;fs;
1. murhq;fj;Jf;F Nritfis Mw;wpaikf;fhfr; nrYj;jg;gLk; fl;lzq;fs;
1:1 gpd;tUk; re;jh;gg ; q;fs; jtph;ej ; NtW ve;jnthU re;jh;gg ; j;jpYk; murhq;fj;Jf;F Mw;wg;gLk; ve;jnthU Nritf;fhfTk; cj;jpNahfj;jh; vtUf;Fk; fl;lzk; vjidAk; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s KbahJ. 1:1:1 1:1:2 Rq;fj; jpizf;fsj;jpd; Nkyjpf Neug;gbfs;. guPli ; r tpdhj;jhsfisj;; jpUj;Jjy;. jahupj;jy; kw;Wk; tpilj;jhs;fisj;

1:1:3 cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; gjtpf;F kw;Wk; flikfSf;F vt;tpjj;jpYk; njhlh;gw;w thndhyp/ njhiyf;fhl;rp gpur;rhuq;fSf;fhd fl;lzq;fs;. 1:2 murhq;fj;jpw;F Mw;wg;gLk; Kd;dDkjpAldhd nfhLg;gdTfs;. NritfSf;fhfj; jhgd gzpgg ; hsupd;

2. mur $l;Lj;jhgdq;fs;> rigfs; my;yJ jdpg; jdpg;gl;l egh;fSf;F


flikfis Mw; Mw;wpaikf;fhfr hfr; nrYj;jg;gLk; fl;lzq;fs;.
2:1 ,jd; XXX Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpy; fhl;lg;gl;Ls;sthW jdpahh; jug;gpdUf;F my;yJ cs;s+uhl;rp epWtdk; xd;wpw;F my;yJ mur $l;Lj;jhgdk; xd;wpw;F ahNjDnkhU gzpapid epiwNtw;Wtjw;F murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUf;F mDkjp toq;fg;gLkplj;J> fl;lzj;jpy; ve;jsT rjtPjk; jpuz;l epjpaj;Jf;F itg;Gr; nra;ag;gLjy; Ntz;Lnkd chpa nrayhsupdhy; jPhk ; hdpf;fg;gLk;. mg;NghJ kPjp njhifapid cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; gad;ghl;Lf;F vLj;Jf; nfhs;s KbAk;. ,Ue;j NghjpYk;> xt;nthU re;jh;g;gj;jpYk; Mff; Fiwe;jJ &.250/my;yJ fl;lzk; &.250/- ,Yk; Fiwthapd; KOj; njhifapidAk; gad;ghl;Lf;fhf vLj;Jf; nfhs;s Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F ,lkspj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 2:2 jpuz;l epjpaj;Jf;F itg;Gr; nra;ag;gl Ntz;ba tPjj;ijAk;> cj;jpNahfj;jh; gad;gLj;Jtjw;F mDkjpf;fg;gLk; tPjj;ijAk; jPhk ; hdpf;Fk; NghJ nrayhsupdhy; gpd;tUk; tplaq;fs; ftdj;jpy; nfhs;sg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. murhq;f NritapypUe;J ngw;Wf; nfhz;l my;yJ murhq;f NritAld; njhlh;Gila tpNrl mwptpidg; gad;gLj;jhJ> rhjhuz flikfSf;Fg; ghjpg;Gf;fs; Vw;glhjtz;zk;> mYtyf Neuj;Jf;F mg;ghy; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLk; mYtyfk; rhuhj gzpfSf;fhff; fpilf;fg;ngWfpd;w nkhj;jj; njhifapidAk; cj;jpNahfj;jupd; gad;ghl;Lf;F vLj;Jf;nfhs;tjw;F ,lkspf;f KbAk;. murhq;f Nritapy; ,Ue;J ngw;Wf; nfhz;l gapw;rpapidg; gad;gLj;jp> flikg;gzpf;Fg; ghjpg;G Vw;glhjthW> mYtyf Neuj;Jf;Fg; gpd;dh; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLfpd;w mYtyfk; rhuhj gzpfSf;fhf fpilf;fg;ngWfpd;w fl;lzj;jpy; 10 tPjj;jpid jpuz;l epjpaj;jpy; itg;Gr; nra;jy; Ntz;Lk;.
93

mj;jpahak; IX

KOikahfNt mur Nritapy; ,Ue;J ngw;Wf;nfhs;shj NghjpYk;> mur NritAld; njhlh;Gila mwptpidg; gad;gLj;jp flikf;Fg; ghjpg;G Vw;glhjthW> vdpDk; Neuk; fpilf;Fk; re;jh;gg ; q;fspy; mYtyf Neuj;jpDs;NsNa Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLfpd;w mYtyfk; rhuhj gzpfSf;fhf fpilf;fg;ngWk; fl;lzj;jpy; 10 tPjj;jpid jpuz;l epjpaj;Jf;F itg;Gr;nra;jy; Ntz;Lk;. murhq;f Nritapy; ,Ue;J ngw;Wf;nfhz;l gapw;rpapidg; gad;gLj;jp> flikf;Fg; ghjpg;G Vw;glhjthW> Neuk; fpilf;Fk; re;jh;g;gq;fspy; mYtyf Neuj;jpDs;NsNa Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLk; mYtyfk; rhuhj gzpfSf;fhff; fpilf;Fk; fl;lzj;jpy; 25 tPjj;jpid jpuz;l epjpaj;Jf;F itg;Gr; nra;jy; Ntz;Lk;. flikf;Fj; jilfs; Vw;gLkplj;J 25 tPjj;jpid my;yJ mjpYk; $ba njhifapidj; jpuz;l epjpaj;Jf;F itg;Gr; nra;jy; Ntz;Lk;. mjd; NghJ Vw;gLfpd;w ghjpg;Gf;fspd; mstpw;Nfw;g itg;Gr; nra;a Ntz;ba tPjk; mjpfupj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 2:3 gy;fiyf;fofk; xd;wpy; my;yJ gy;fiyf;fof epWtfk; xd;wpy; ntsp tpupTiuahsh; xUtuhfg; gzpahw;Wfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth; jdJ tpupTiufis KOikahfNt mYtyf Neuj;Jf;Fg; Gwk;ghfTk;> mt;thNw jdJ flikf;Fg; ghjpg;Gf;fs; Vw;glhjthWk; elj;Jthuhapd; mtUf;F mjw;fhf jhgdg; gzpg;ghsh; mDkjpj;Js;s fl;lzj;Jf;F Vw;gf; fl;lzq;fis mwtpLtjw;F mDkjpf;f KbAk;. 2:4 cs;@uhl;rp epWtdk; xd;Wf;F my;yJ mur $l;Lj;jhgdk; xd;Wf;F tpNrl Nritnahd;W Njitg;gLfpd;w re;jh;gg ; q;fspy;> cupa jpizf;fsj;jplkpUe;J mr; Nritapidf; ngw;Wf; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. jpizf;fsj;jpdhy; fl;lznkhd;W mwtplg;gl;L mr; Nrit ngw;Wf; nfhLf;fg;gl;L> mk; nkhj;j tUkhdj;ijAk; jpuz;l epjpaj;jpy; itg;Gr; nra;jy; Ntz;Lk;.

3. thndhyp / njhiyf;fhl;rp ciufs ciufs; kw;Wk; tpupTiufs tpupTiufs;


3:1 murhq;fj; jpizf;fsk; xd;wpNy rhjhuz gzpfis Nkw;nfhs;Sk; nghUl;Lj; Njitg;gLfpd;wJk; ,d;Nwy; nghUj;jkhdJk; my;yJ jdJ rhjhuz flikfspd; xU gFjpahff; fUjg;gLfpd;wJkhd> tpupTiu my;yJ ciunahd;wpidj; jahupg;gjw;fhf my;yJ epfo;jJ ; tjw;fhf <LgLj;jg;gLk; murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUf;F my;yJ mth; gpujpepjpj;Jtg;gLj;Jk; jpizf;fsj;Jf;F vt;tpjf; fl;lzKk; nrYj;jf; $lhJ. vLj;Jf;fhl;L: thdpiy mwpf;if ntspaply;> rdj;njhiff; fzf;nfLg;gpd; NghJ rdj;njhif mwpf;ifapid epug;Gjy; njhlh;gpy; filg;gpbf;fg;gl Ntz;ba nrad;Kiwfs; gw;wpa jfty;fis ntspaply;> Gjpa tptrha Kiwikfis mwpKfk; nra;Ak; gzpf;Fg; nghWg;ghd cj;jpNahfj;jh;fspdhy; tptrhak; gw;wpa ciu epfo;jj ; g;gLjy; Nghd;w gzpfs; murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtupd; rhjhuzf; flikfspy; xU gFjpahff; fhzg;gLtJld;> mit ngUk;ghYk; jpizf;fsk; xd;W jdJ rhjhuz eltbf;iffis Kd;ndLj;Jr; nry;tjw;F cjTk; cghankhd;whfTk; mikfpd;wJ.

4. kjpg;gl P L ; f; fl;lzq;fs;
4:1 fPNo Fwpg;gpl;Ls;s NritfSf;Ff; fl;lzq;fis njhifapidAk; jpuz;l epjpaj;jpy; itg;Gr; nra;jy; Ntz;Lk;. mwtpl;L KOj;

4:1:1 tup tpjpg;gjw;fhf Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLfpd;w kjpg;gL P fs; jtph;ej ; cs;s+uhl;rp kd;wq;fs; kw;Wk; mur $l;Lj;jhgdq;fSf;fhd kjpg;gL P fisg; nghWg;Ngw;gjw;F mur gpujhd kjpg;gl P l ; hsUf;F mjpfhuk; cz;L. me;j
94

mj;jpahak; IX

kjpg;gL P fSf;fhfr; nrYj;j Ntz;ba fl;lzkhdJ> mtuhy; nrhj;jpd; ngWkjpf;F Vw;gj; jPhk ; hdpj;j fl;lzq;fspd; mstpw;Nfw;g mikjy; Ntz;Lk;. mDkjpf;fg;gl;l fl;lzq;fspd; mstpw;Nfw;g kjpg;gl P l ; hsh;fspd; gpuahzr; nrytpdq;fSk; mwtplg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 4:1:2 fld; rig xd;wpw;fhd my;yJ Njrpa kjpg;gL P fisAk; me; epWtdq;fspd; rl;lq;fspy; fl;lzq;fSf;Fkika Vw;Wf; nfhs;s KbAk;. Nrkpg;G tq;fpf;fhd mDkjpf;fg;gl;Ls;s

4:1:3 ek;gpf;ifg; nghWg;ghsh; jpizf;fsj;jpd; eltbf;iffSf;fhf Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLfpd;w kjpg;gL P fis> ek;gpf;ifg; nghWg;ghsupd; Ntz;LNfhspd; gpufhuk; Vw;Wf;nfhs;s KbAk;. mjw;fhf mwtplg;gLk; fl;lzkhdJ ek;gpf;ifg; nghWg;ghsUk; gpujhd mur tpiy kjpg;gl P l ; hsUk;; ,zf;fk; fz;l xU njhifahf mikjy; Ntz;Lk;.

5. iftpuy; milahs gjpthsupdhy; Mw;wg;gLk; Nritfs;


5:1 iftpuy; milahs gjpthsupd; epGzj;Jtf; fUj;jpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;Sk; nghUl;L> iftpuy; milahsj;Jldhd Mtzq;fs; my;yJ nghUl;fis mtuplk; mDg;Gtjw;Fj; jdpg;gl;l jug;gpduhy; KbAk;. gupNrhjidf;fhf mDg;gg;gLfpd;w mt;thwhd Mtzq;fs; my;yJ nghUl;fs; cupa mjpfhupapdhy; mDkjpf;fg;gl;l &.100/- fl;lzk; xd;Wld; iftpuy; milahs gjpthsuplk; mDg;gp itj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. iftpuy; milahs gjpthsh; me;j Mtzq;fis my;yJ nghUl;fisj; jdJ mwpf;ifAld; mjw;F tpz;zg;gpj;j eguplk; kPsTk; mDg;gpitg;ghh;. ahNjDnkhU nghUis iftpuy; milahsg; gjpthsh; mYtyfk; jtph;ej ; NtNwhH ,lj;jpw;F mDg;Gtjw;fhf ahNjDnkhU nrytpid Vw;f Ntz;b NeupLkplj;J njhifapid Kd;$l;bNa tpz;zg;gjhup; nrYj;j Ntz;b Vw;glyhk;. 5:2 tprhupf;fg;gl;LtUfpd;w tof;nfhd;wpNy murhq;f mYtyh; my;yhj jug;gpdh; xUtUf;F ahNjDNkhH Mtzj;jpd; my;yJ nghUspd; iftpuy; milahsq;fs; njhlh;ghf> iftpuy; milahsg; gjpthsupd; mgpg;gpuhaj;jpid mwpe;Jnfhs;s Ntz;ba Njit fhzg;gLkplj;J> mj; jug;gpdh; mJ gw;wp ePjpkd;wj;jplk; Ntz;LNfhs; xd;iw Kd;itj;J> Fwpj;j mjpfhupapdhy; mDkjpf;fg;gLfpd;w gjpthsh; fl;lzk; kw;Wk; me;j Mtzj;ij my;yJ nghUis iftpuy; milahs mYtyfj;jpypUe;J mq;Fkpq;Fk; mDg;Gtjw;Fj; Njitahd nrytpdk; vd;gtw;wpidAk; ePjpkd;wj;jpy; itg;Gr; nra;jhy;> me;j Mtzj;ij my;yJ nghUspidg; nghWg;Ngw;W> guPlr ; pj;J mwpf;if rkh;gg ; pg;gjw;fhf iftpuy; milahs gjpthsUf;F mDg;gp itf;f ePjpkd;wj;Jf;F KbAk;. mt;thW mDg;Gk; NghJ fl;lzk; kw;Wk; nrytpdkhf itg;Gr; nra;ag;gl;l njhif vt;tsT vd;gJ ePjpkd;wj;jpdhy; iftpuy; milahs gjpthsUf;F mwptpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. fl;lzk; kw;Wk; nrytpdk; vd;gtw;wpid <Lnra;tjw;Fg; Nghjpa njhifnahd;W itg;Gr; nra;ag;gl;bUg;gpd; iftpuy; milahs gjpthsh; me;j Mtzj;ij my;yJ nghUl;fisg; guPlr ; pj;J mitgw;wpa mwpf;ifapid> Fwpjj ; Mtzq;fs; kw;Wk; nghUl;fSld; ePjpkd;wj;jplk; rkh;g;gpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 5:3 ,e;jg; gpuptpd; fPo; mwtplg;gLfpd;w midj;Jf; fl;lzq;fSk; jpuz;l epjpaj;jpy; itg;Gr; nra;ag;gly; Ntz;Lk;. Mtzq;fs; my;yJ nghUl;fis ePjpkd;wj;Jf;Fj; jpUg;gp mDg;Gtjw;fhd nrytpdj;ij <Lnra;tjw;fhf itg;Gr;nra;ag;gl;l gzj;ij ePjpkd;wk; iftpuy; milahs gjpthsUf;F mDg;Gjy; Ntz;Lk;.

95

mj;jpahak; IX

6. khtl;l ePjpkd;wk; ; ePjthd; ePjpkd;wk; vd;gtw;wpw;fhd fl;lzq;fs; k>


6:1 me;je;j Fwpj;j NritfSf;fhf ePjpkd;w mYtyh;fSf;Fr; nrYj;j Ntz;ba fl;lzq;fs; njhlh;ghf> rpq;fsk;> jkpo; kw;Wk; Mq;fpyk; Mfpa Kk;nkhopfspYk; jahupf;fg;gl;l tpsk;guq;fs; rfy khtl;l ePjpkd;wq;fspYk;> ePjthd; ePjpkd;wq;fspYk; fhl;rpf;F itf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. me;jf; fl;lzq;fs; jtph;ej ; Ntnwe;jf; fl;lzj;ijAk; mwtpLtjw;F mDkjp ,y;iynadTk;> mt;thW mwtpLtJ jilnra;agl;Ls;snjdTk; ntspg;gLj;Jfpd;w Fwpg;nghd;Wk; mt; tpsk;guq;fspy; fhzg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. 6:2 gpd;tUk; NritfSf;F khj;jpuNk fl;lzq;fs; mwtplg;gl KbAk;. jdpg;gl;l Ntz;LNfhspd; kPJ xU tUlj;jpYk; ghh;ff ; gioik tha;ej ; Mtzq;fisj; NjLjy;. tof;Fg; Gj;jfq;fisf; fl;Ljy;. tof;Fg; Gj;jfq;fisg; gpujpgz;zy;. Mtzq;fis nkhopngah;jj ; y;. ke;ijfs; cWjpr;rl P L ; g; gbtq;fis vOJjy;. khtl;l ePjkd;wq;fs; Nghd;wtw;wpy; rptpy; tof;FfSf;F fl;lg;gl;l Mtzq;fis kPsg; ngwy;. cWjpnkhop/ rj;jpag;gpukhzk; ngw;Wf;nfhs;sy;. 6:2:1 NtW ve;jr; Nritf;fhfTk; fl;lzq;fis mwtpLjy; jilahFk;.

6:3 jdpg;gl;l Ntz;LNfhspd; gpufhuk; xU tUlj;jpYk; ghh;ff ; gioik tha;ej ; Mtzq;fisj; NjLtjw;fhf cupa mjpfhupapdhy; mDkjpf;fg;gl;l fl;lzq;fspd; msTfSf;Nfw;g fl;lzq;fs; mwtplg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. me;j midj;Jf; fl;lzq;fisAk; jpuz;l epjpaj;jpy; itg;Gr; nra;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 6:4 tof;Fg; Gj;jfq;fisf; fl;Ltjw;fhf mDkjpf;fg;gl;Ls;s fl;lzq;fs; rl;lj;jpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s gpufhuk; my;yJ cupa mjpfhupapdhy; epakpf;fg;gl;Ls;s gpufhuk; mwtplg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. 6:4:1 tof;Fg; Gj;jfq;fisf; fl;Ltjw;fhd fl;lzj;ij Kj;jpiuf@lhfr; nrYj;Jjy; Ntz;Lk;. jkJ Ntz;LNfhis my;yJ tpz;zg;gj;ij rkh;g;gpf;fpd;w NghJ me;je;j jug;gpdh; fl;lzj;jpd; ngWkjpf;Fhpa Kj;jpiufis mjpy; xl;Ljy; Ntz;Lk;. Nkd;KiwaPnlhd;W rkh;gg ; pf;fg;gl;lhy; md;wp> xU tof;fpw;F xU fl;lzj;jpw;F Nkyjpfkhf nrYj;jyhfhJ. 6:4:2 Nkd;KiwaPll ; hsh; gpizia nrYj;jp Nkd;KiwaPlL ; f; fl;lzj;ijr; nrYj;Jjy; Ntz;Lk;. 6:4:3 Fw;wtpay; ePjpkd;wq;fspy; fl;lzq;fis mwtpl KbahJ. 6:4:4 tof;Fg; nrYj;jf; $lhJ. Gj;jfq;fisf; tof;Fg; fl;Ltjw;fhf Kbe;jjd; gpd;dh;

Gj;jfq;fisf; murhq;fk;

fl;Ltjw;fhf fl;lzq;fis

6:5 Fw;wtpay; tof;Ffspd; tof;Fg; Gj;jfq;fis gpujp vLg;gjw;fhf mwtplj;jf;f Mff; $ba fl;lzk;> rl;lj;jpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s njhif my;yJ 120 Mq;fpy nrhw;fisf; nfhz;l xU gf;fj;jpw;F chpa mjpfhhpapdhy; tpjpf;fg;gl;Ls;s njhifahf mikjy; Ntz;Lk;. (20 Mk; mj;jpahakhd Fw;wtpay; tof;F Vw;ghLfs; tpjpf; Nfhitapd; 434 Mk; gphptpidg; ghh;ff ; Tk;.) 6:5:1 rl;lj;juzpfs; jkJ epiwNtw;wy; MizAld; (Execution) my;yJ (89 Mk; mjpfhukhd) <l;Lf; fl;lisr; rl;lj;jpd; fPo; tpw;gid nra;Ak; fl;lis xd;Wld; jPhg ; G ; g; gpujpfis rkh;g;gpj;jTld;> mtw;wpid mj;jhl;rpg;gLj;Jtjw;fhf
96

mj;jpahak; IX

khtl;l ePjpkd;wq;fs;> ePjthd; ePjpkd;wq;fs; vd;gtw;wpd; gjpthsh;fs; fl;lzq;fs; vtw;iwAk;; mwtpLtJ Fw;wkhFk;. vdpDk; jPhg ; G ; xd;wpd; cWjpg;gLj;jg;gl;l gpujp xd;wpid toq;Fk; NghJ fl;lzj;ij mwtpl KbAk;. epHza cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F jdJ mYtyff; Nfhg;GfNshL ,izj;J itg;gjw;F Njitg;gLfpd;witAk; jhpR epyq;fs; fl;lisr; rl;lj;jpd; tof;FfSld; njhlh;Ggl;litAkhd> jPhg ; G ; f;fspd; mj;jhl;rpg;gLj;jg;gl;l gpujpfSf;fhf fl;lzj;ij mwtpl KbahJ. (rptpy; ePjpkd;wq;fspy; gpujp gz;zy; fl;lzq;fSf;fhf (15 Mk; mjpfhukhd) mur Mtzq;fis rhd;Wg;gLj;Jk;; fl;lisr; rl;lj;jpd; 3 Mk; gphpT kw;Wk; (101 Mk; mjpfhukhd) rptpy; tof;Ffs; fl;lisf; Nfhitapd; 205 Mk; gphptpidg; ghh;f;fTk;.) 6:5:2 khtl;l ePjpkd;wq;fs; kw;Wk; ePjthd; ePjpkd;wq;fspd; Mtzq;fisg; gpujp gz;Ztjw;fhf nrYj;jg;gLk; fl;lzk;> me;jg; gzp Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;lJ mYtyf Neuj;jpw;F Gwk;ghfntdpd;> gpujpia vLj;j cj;jpNahfj;jh; jdJ ghtidf;F vLj;Jf;nfhs;s KbAk;. gpujp vLj;jy; njhlh;gpy; Ntiy nra;j kzpj;jpahyq;fspd; vz;zpf;if gw;wpa tpgunkhd;wpid mth; itj;jpUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 6:5:3 rptpy; Nkd;KiwaPlL ; r; rl;lj;jpd; gpufhuk; Nkd;KiwaPlL ; tof;Ffspd; tof;Fg; Gj;jfq;fis gpujp gz;Ztjw;fhf mwtplg;gLk; fl;lzq;fs; me;je;j ePjpkd;wj;jpdhy; Ngzptug;gLfpd;w tq;fpf; fzf;fpy; fhyk; jho;jj ; hJ itg;Gr; nra;ag;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. me;jf; fzf;Ffspy; mj;njhifapid itg;ghfg; NgzptUjy; Ntz;Lk;. jhgdg; gzpg;ghshpdhy; mDkjpf;fg;gl;l fl;lzq;fSf;F Vw;g> gpujp gz;Zk; cj;jpNahfj;jh;fSf;F xt;nthU khjj;jpd; ,WjpapYk; Fwpj;j itg;Gj; njhifapypUe;J nfhLg;gdT nrYj;jg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. mt;thW nrYj;jg;gl;l gpd;dh; kPjkhf ,Uf;Fk; njhifapid jpuz;l epjpaj;jpy; itg;Gr; nra;jy; Ntz;Lk;. mwtpLk; fl;lzk;> me;jf; fl;lzj;jpypUe;J nrYj;jg;gLk; nfhLg;gdTfs; vd;gd njhlh;ghd fzf;nfhd;wpid xt;nthU ePjpkd;wKk; NgzptUjy; Ntz;Lk;. 6:5:4 murhq;fj;jpd; vj;jpizf;fsNkDk; mYtyfg; gad;ghl;bw;fhfj; Njitg;gLfpd;w Mtzq;fisg; gpujp gz;Ztjw;fhf fl;lzq;fis mwtplf; $lhJ. 6:6 Mtzq;fis nkhopngah;gg ; jw;fhf mwtpLtjw;F mDkjpff ; g;gl;l fl;lzkhdJ> rl;lj;jpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s fl;lz msthfNth my;yJ Fwpj;j mjpfhhpapdhy; 120 nrhw;fisf; nfhz;l xU gf;fj;jpw;F mDkjpf;fg;gl;Ls;s njhifahfNth mikjy; Ntz;Lk;. ,j;njhifapid jpuz;l epjpaj;jpy; itg;Gr; nra;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 6:7 rptpy; tof;Ffspd; NghJ rkh;gg ; pf;fg;gl;l Mtzq;fis kPsg;ngWtjw;fhf> mJ njhlh;ghf rl;lj;jpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s njhifapid my;yJ Fwpj;j mjpfhhpapdhy; mDkjpf;fg;gLfpd;w njhifapid khj;jpuNk mwtpLjy; Ntz;Lk;. 6:8 (17 Mk; mjpfhukhd) rj;jpa fl;lisr; rl;lj;jpd; 8 Mk; kw;Wk; 9 Mk; gphpTfspd; fPo; rj;jpag;gpukhzk; xd;wpid my;yJ cWjpnkhop xd;wpid nra;tjw;fhf murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUf;F ePjpkd;wj;jpdhy; mjpfhukspf;fg;gl;L> me;j Nritf;fhf fl;lzk; xd;wpid mwtpLtjw;F mDkjpf;fg;gLk; vr; re;jh;gg ; j;jpyhapDk; rhp> mth; mr; rj;jpag; gpukhzj;ij/ cWjpnkhopia mYtyf Neuj;jpw;F Gwk;ghfTk;> ePjpkd;wj;jpwF ; ntspNaAk; nra;Akplj;J> rl;lj;jpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s nkhj;jj; njhifapid my;yJ Fwpj;j mjpfhhpapdhy; mDkjpf;fg;gl;Ls;s cr;rsT tiuapyhd nkhj;jf; fl;lzj;ij my;yJ mjpy; xU gFjpapid mwtpLtjw;F mtUf;F ,lkspf;fg;gLk;. ,J jtpu ePjpkd;wj;jpdhy; tpjpf;fg;gLfpd;w fl;lzj;jpy; VNjDk; kPjp ,Ug;gpd;> rj;jpag;gpukhzk; vLg;gjw;fhf nry;fpd;w J}uk; ,uz;L iky; J}uj;ij tplTk; jpUk;gp tUfpd;w J}uk; ,uz;L iky; J}uj;ij tplTk; $Ljyhf ,Ug;gpd;> murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jh;fSf;F mwtpLtjw;F mDkjpf;fg;gl;Ls;s
97

mj;jpahak; IX

fl;lzq;fSf;Nfw;g gpuahzr; nrythf NkYnkhU njhifapid me;j cj;jpNahfj;jh; jdJ gad;ghl;bw;F vLj;Jf;nfhs;s KbAk;. mwtpLtjw;F ePjpkd;wj;jpdhy; cj;jutplg;gl;Ls;s fl;lzj;jpy; xU njhif kPjkhf ,Ug;gpd; mjid jpuz;l epjpaj;jpw;F itg;Gr; nra;jy; Ntz;Lk;.

7. fr;NrhpfspYk ; nkhopngah;gG ; f; rhpfspYk; Yk; gpw jpizf;fsq;fspYk spYk; Yk; Njly;>


fl;lzq;fs;.
7:1 Mtzq;fisj; Njly; kw;Wk; Mtzq;fis nkhopngah;jj ; y; Nritfs; njhlh;ghf rl;lj;jpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s fl;lzj; njhiffs; my;yJ chpa mjpfhhpfspdhy; mq;ff P hpf;fg;gl;l njhiffs; vd;gtw;wpw;fpzq;f fl;lz mwtPLfis Nkw;nfhs;s KbAk;. ,t;tidj;Jf; fl;lzq;fisAk; jpuz;l epjpaj;jpy; itg;Gr; nra;jy; Ntz;Lk;. &gh rjk; Xuhz;L my;yJ mjw;Ff; Fiwe;j fhyj;jpw;F Mtzq;fisj; Njl 2 50 xt;nthU Nkyjpf tUlj;Jf;fhfTk; gjpNtnlhd;iw my;yJ tpw;gidg; gl;banyhd;iw my;yJ mbapjo; Gj;jfnkhd;iw NjLtjw;F> xU tUlj;jpw;F xt;nthU Nkyjpf tUlj;jpw;Fk; Mtz nkhopngah;gG ; f;fhf 120 nrhw;fisf; nfhz;l xU gf;fj;jpw;F 1 25

5 2 2

00 50 50

8. fyhy; thpj; jpizf;fsj;jpd; gpujpgz;zy; fl;lzq;fs;


8:1 vOj;jhtzq;fisg; gpujpgz;Ztjw;fhf mwtPL nra;tjw;F fyhy;thpj; jpizf;fsj;jpw;F mjpfhuKs;s fl;lzk; ahnjdpy;> rl;lj;jpy; tpjpf;fg;gl;Ls;s fl;lzj; njhif my;yJ 120 nrhw;fisf; nfhz;l xU gf;fj;jpw;F chpa mjpfhhpapdhy; mDkjpf;fg;gl;l njhif MFk;. ,f; fl;lzj;jpid fPNo fhl;lg;gl;Ls;s epge;jidfSf;fika gpujpgz;Zk; cj;jpNahfj;jh; jdJ gad;ghl;bw;F vLj;Jf; nfhs;s KbAk;. gpujpgz;zy; mYtyf Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;bUf;Fkplj;Jk; kw;Wk; gzpGhpe;j kzpj;jpahy msTfs; itj;jpUf;fg;gl;bUf;Fkplj;Jk;. Neuj;jpw;Fg; Gwk;ghf mwtplg;gl;l fl;lzq;fs; kw;Wk; vd;gd njhlh;ghd fzf;Ffs;

9. (15 Mk; mjpfhukhd) murhq; murhq;f Mtzq;fisr; rhd;WWjpg;gLj;jy;


fl;lisr; lisr; rl;lj; lj;jpd; 3 Mk; gpuptpd; fPo; mwtPL nra;ag;gLfpd;w gpujpgz;zy; fl;lzq;fs;.
9:1 (15Mk; mjpfhukhd) murhq;f Mtzq;fis rhd;WWjpg;gLj;jy; fl;lisr; rl;lj;jpd; 3 Mk; gphptpd; fPo; mwtPL nra;ag;gLfpd;w fl;lzj;ij> gpujpgz;Zfpd;w vOJeh; gad;gLj;jpf; nfhs;s KbtJ> mg;gpujp gz;zy; Nkyjpf Ntiynahd;whjyhy; mjid mYtyf Neuj;jpw;F Gwk;ghf nra;jpUf;f Ntz;Lnkd;Nwh ,d;Nwy; mg;gpujpgz;zy; Ntiyf;fhf nrytopf;fg;gl;l mYtyf Neuj;jpw;Fg; gjpyhf mYtyf Neuj;jpw;Fg; Gwk;ghf Nkyjpf Neuk; gzpahw;Wjy; mtrpankd;Nwh jpizf;fsj; jiyth; jpUg;jpg;gl;lhNyNa MFk;.
98

mj;jpahak; IX

9:2 nghJ kf;fspd; Nfhhpf;iff;fpzq;f tpepNahfpf;fg;gLfpd;w mjpfhukspf;fg;gl;l vOj;J %yj; jfty;fspy;> mYtyf eltbf;iffSf;fhfj; jahhpf;fg;gl;l Gs;sp tpgu mwpf;iffs;> kJghd rhiyfs; njhlh;ghd thf;nfLg;G eltbf;iffSf;Fj; Njitg;glf; $ba gpuNjr tpguq;fslq;fpa jtwizg; gl;bay;fs; Nghd;w Mtzq;fspd; gpujpfs; cs;slq;Fkplj;J> mj;jifa Mtzq;fisg; gpujpgz;Ztjw;fhf xU gphpj;njLg;Gifj; jhspw;F mjpfkhd vOj;J %y jfty;fSf;F rl;lj;jpy; tpjpf;fg;gl;Ls;s fl;lzj; njhiff;Nfh my;yJ chpa mjpfhhpapdhy; 120 nrhw;fisf; nfhz;l gf;fnkhd;wpw;F mq;ff P hpf;fg;gl;l njhiff;Nfh mika fl;lzq;fis mwtply; Ntz;Lk;. mbapjo; gw;Wr; rPln ; lhd;W my;yJ kpd;rhug; gl;banyhd;W Nghd;w Vida mr;rplg;gl;l gbtnkhd;W my;yJ chpa mr;rplg;gl;l gbtj;jpy; gpujp gz;zg;gLtjw;fhf xt;nthU gpujpf;Fk; rl;lj;jpy; tpjpf;fg;gl;Ls;s fl;lzj; njhifiaNah my;yJ chpa mjpfhhpapdhy; mq;ff P hpf;fg;gl;l njhifiaNah mwtply; Ntz;Lk;. ,f; fl;lzj;jpy; gpujpgz;zy; fl;lzKk;> mr;rplg;gl;l gbtj;jpd; ngWkjpAk; cl;Nrh;ff ; g;gLk;. 9:2:1 ,f; fl;lzq;fisg; gad;gLj;jpf; nfhs;tJ cg gphptpd; Vw;ghLfs; Vw;Gilj;jhFk;. njhlh;ghf 9.1 Mk;

9:3 xNu Mtzk; njhlh;ghf kPzL ; k; mwpf;ifnahd;iwj; jahhpf;f Ntz;bthpd; rhjhuz xOq;Ftpjpnahd;nwd;w tifapy; Nkyjpf fl;lznkhd;W mwtPL nra;ag;gl khl;lhJ.

10. 10. gpiz mwpf;iffSf;fhf mwtplg;gLk; fl;lzq;fs;


10:1 ePjpkd;wj;jpw;F gpiz toq;Ffpd;w gpizahsh;fspd; ngWkjp njhlh;ghf mwpf;ifapLtjw;fhf rl;lj;jpy; tpjpf;fg;gl;Ls;s njhiff;Nfh my;yJ chpa mjpfhhpapdhy; mq;ff P hpf;fg;gl;l njhiff;Nfh mika fl;lzq;fis mwtpl KbAk;. 10:2 ,t;twpf;iffisj; jahhpf;fpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth; mtw;wpYs;s ntspg;gLj;Jiffspd; gpioaw;w jd;ik njhlh;ghf jdpg;gl;l tifapy; nghWg;Gf; $wf; flikg;gl;Ls;shh;. ngWkjpia kjPgg ; L P nra;ifapy; rhjhuz epiyikfspd;fo P ; Mjdj;jpd; ngWkjpia khj;jpukpd;wp> VNjDnkhU tpNrl epiyikapd; fPo; mJ jpwe;j re;ijapy; tpw;gid nra;ag;gbd;> fpilf;ff; $Lnkd vjph;ghh;ff ; g;gLfpd;w njhifiaAk; mth; Fwpg;gpl;lhjy; Ntz;Lk;. 10:3 tpz;zg;gjhuh;fs; gpiz toq;Ftij xU njhopyhf iff;nfhs;gth;fshf ,Uf;Fkplj;J my;yJ vjph;fhyj;jpy; Mjdq;fisf; nfhs;tdT nra;aTs;Nshiug; gaKWj;jf; $ba td;Kiwahsh;fshf ,Uf;Fkplj;J mJ gw;wp ePjpkd;wj;jpw;F mwptpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 10:4 rkh;g;gpf;fg;gLfpd;w gpiz njhlh;ghd midj;J tplaq;fisAk; fUj;jpnyLj;Jg; ghh;j;J> mg;gpiz Nghjpajhf ,Uf;fpd;wjhntd> gpiziaf; ifNaw;fpd;w mYtyh; KbntLg;ghh; vd vjph;ghh;ff ; g;gLfpd;wJ.

11. 11. ePjpkd;w

mYty;fSf;fhf itj;jpa mjpfhhpfSf;F nrYj;jg;gLk; fl;lzq;fs;

11:1 ,g;gphptpy; nghyPrhh; vd;w nrhy;ypy; nghyPrhh; ,y;yhj gpuNjrq;fspYs;s fpuhk Nrit cj;jpNahfj;jh;fSk; cs;slq;Fth;. nghyP]; cj;jpNahfj;jh; vd;w nrhy;ypD}lhf nghyP]; epiyankhd;Wf;Fg; nghWg;ghfTs;s cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth; fUjg;gLthh;. 11:2 ePjpkd;w eltbf;iffSf;fhf murhq;f itj;jpa cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUf;F nrYj;jg;gl Ntz;ba fl;lzj; njhif ,t;tj;jpahaj;jpd; 1 Mk; ml;ltizapy; fhl;lg;gl;Ls;sJ.
99

mj;jpahak; IX

11:3 ,wg;Gg; gpd;dpfo;Tg; ghpNrhjidnahd;iw elhj;JkhW fl;lisapLk; mjpfhuk; ePjp mikr;rhpdhy; kuz tprhuizahsnuhUtUf;Fg; gpuj;jpNafkhff; ifaspf;fg;gl;buhtplj;J> mj;jifa kuz tprhuizahsh; xUthpd; mwpTWj;jy;fSf;fika ,wg;G gpd;dpfo;T ghpNrhjidnahd;iw elhj;Jtij ifNaw;ff; nfhs;sf; $lhJ. 11:4 ePjpkd;w kuz tprhuiznahd;W njhlh;ghfr; nrYj;jg;gLfpd;w nfhLg;gdtpw;fhfg; gad;gLj;jg;gl Ntz;baJ nghJ 35 vd;w gbtkhFk;. itj;jpa mwpf;if fpilf;fg; ngw;wnjd ePjthd;> ePjpkd;w cj;jpNahfj;jh;> jPBh; kuz tprhuiz mjpfhhp my;yJ ePjpkd;wk; mjpfhukspj;Js;s cj;jpNahfj;jhpdhy; Kiwahff; ifr;rhj;jplg;gl;l rhd;wpjo; nfhLg;gdTfSf;fhf nghJ 35 gbtj;Jld; rkh;g;gpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. ePjpkd;w mYtyfh;fs; my;yJ nghyP]; mYtyh;fs; ,Uthpdhy; itj;jpa cj;jpNahfj;jh;fs; ,Uthpd; Nritfs; ntt;Ntwhfg;; ngwg;gl;Ls;s re;jh;gg ; q;fspy;> mj;jifa xt;nthU Nrit rhh;ghfTk; ntt;NtW cWjpr;rl P L ; f;fs; rkh;gg ; pf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. mt;ntht;nthU cWjpr;rl P i ; lAk; ePjpkd;w cj;jpNahfj;jh; rhd;WWjpg;gLj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 11:4:1 ,j;NjhLs;s I Mk; ml;ltizapd; 2 Mk; ge;jpapd; (1) Mk; kw;Wk; (2)Mk; Fwpg;Gf;fspy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s re;jh;gg ; q;fs; jtph;ej ; > jhf;Fjy;> fw;gopg;G my;yJ Vida fhaq;fis Vw;gLj;jy; vd;gd njhlh;ghf rkh;g;gpf;fg;gLfpd;w Ml;fs; my;yJ nghUl;fs; gw;wp Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLfpd;w midj;J ghprPyidfs; rhh;ghfTk; itj;jpa cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F chpj;jhtJ xU fl;lzk; khj;jpuNk MFk;. mNj Nghd;W ,wg;Gg; gpd;dpfo;Tg; ghpNrhjidnahd;W kw;Wk; mg; ghpNrhjidNahL njhlHGila nghUl;fs;> fopTfs;> cs;SWg;Gf;fs;> clw;ghfq;fs; Mfpad gw;wpa midj;J Jizg; ghpNrhjidfSf;Fk; itj;jpa cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F chpjj ; htJ &gh 100/= vd;w xU fl;lzk; khj;jpuNkahFk;. 11:4:2 ,wg;Gg; gpd;dpfo;Tg;; ghpNrhjidnahd;W elhj;jg;gl;l xU tof;Fj; njhlh;ghd tprhuizf;F murhq;fj;jpd; Nfhhpf;iff;fpzq;f ,uz;L itj;jpa cj;jpNahfj;jh;fs; tUif je;jhy;> ghpNrhjidia Kiwahf elhj;jpatUk;> mwpf;ifapy; ifnahg;gkpl;ltUkhd itj;jpa cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F &gh 100/= fl;lzk; chpj;jhFk;. jhf;Fjy; Kjypa tprhuizfs; rhh;ghd fl;lznkhd;iw jhd; ,jw;F Kd;dh; ngw;Wf; nfhz;buhtplj;J> ,j;NjhLs;s I Mk; ml;lizapd; I Mk; ge;jpapd; fPo; 50/= &gh fl;lzj;ij mLj;j itj;jpa cj;jpNahfj;jUf;Fg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s KbAk;. kuzg; gpd;dpfo;Tg; ghpNrhjidnahd;iw nra;ahjtplj;J xt;nthU itj;jpa cj;jpNahfj;jUk; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s Kbe;jJ 50/= &gh tPjkhFk;. 11.5 fhaNkw;gLj;jy; njhlh;ghf fhakile;j xUth; nghyPrhhpdhy; itj;jpa cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUthplk; mDg;gp itf;fg;gLkplj;J> fhag;gl;ltNuhL mDg;gp itf;fg;gLfpd;w itj;jpa rl;lg; ghpNrhjidg; gbtj;jpy; fhaq;fspd; ,ay;gpidAk;> mit ghuJ}ukhditah ,y;iyah vd;gijAk;> nghyPRf;Fg; gad;glf; $Lnkd vz;Zfpd;w VNjDk; jfty; ,Ug;gpd; mjidAk; RUf;fkhff; Fwpg;gpLtJ itj;jpa cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; flikahFk;. ,t;twpf;if rhh;ghf itj;jpa cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F vt;tpj fl;lzKk; chpj;jhfkhl;lhJ. 11.5:1 nghyPrhhpdhy; tof;F njhlh;eJ ; Kd;ndLj;Jr; nry;yg;gLkhapd; itj;jpa cj;jpNahfj;jh; rhl;rpf;F miof;fg;gLthh;. mg;NghJ mth; tpsf;fkhd mwpf;ifnahd;iw rkh;gg ; pj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. mjw;fhf I Mk; ml;ltizapy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s njhiffSf;fika fl;lzq;fs; chpj;jhFk;. nghyPrhh; tof;if Kd;ndLj;Jr; nry;yhj NghjpYk;> fhag;gl;lthpd; jug;G mt;thW nra;aj; jPhk ; hdpj;J itj;jpa cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; rhl;rpaj;ijAk; rhd;wpjioAk; NfhUkplj;J> mtUf;F jdJ rhjhuz fl;lzj;j fhakile;j jug;gpdhplkpUe;J mwtPL nra;a chpj;Jz;L. MapDk; mtUf;F mjid murhq;fj;jplkpUe;J mwtpl KbahJ.
100

mj;jpahak; IX

12. njhopyhsh;fSf;F el;l<L toq;Fjy; njhlh;ghd gzpfSf;F kUj;Jt mjpfhupfSf;Fr; nrYj;jg;gLk; fl;lzq;fs;.
12:1 njhopyhsh;fSf;F el;l<L toq;FtJ njhlh;gpy; murhq;f kUj;Jt mjpfhhpnahUth; Mw;Wfpd;w Nritf;fhf mtUf;F nrYj;jg;gl Ntz;ba fl;lzq;fspd; njhif II Mk; ml;ltizapy; fhl;lg;gl;Ls;sJ.

13. tpNrl re;jh;gg ; q;fspd; NghJ kUj;Jt rigfspy; flikahw;wpaikf;fhf nrYj;jg;gLk; fl;lzq;fs;
13:1 cs;@uhl;rp epWtdnkhd;wpd; my;yJ murhq;ff; $l;Lj;jhgdnkhd;wpd; my;yJ Vida mur rhh;gw;w epWtdnkhd;wpd; Nfhhpf;iff;fpzq;f Rfhjhuj; jpizf;fsj;jpw;Fhpa kUj;Jt mjpfhhpnahUth; kUj;Jtr; rigapd; $l;lnkhd;wpNyh my;yJ xOf;fhw;W tprhuiznahd;wpNyh my;yJ NtNwJk; tprhuiznahd;wpNyh fye;J nfhs;Skplj;J mtUf;F jdpg;gl;l NehahspnahUthplkpUe;J mwtplg;gLfpd;w fl;lzj;ij mwtplyhk;. kUj;Jt mjpfhhpf;F kUj;Jt rig $Lfpd;w ,lj;jpw;F my;yJ tprhuiz eilngWk; ,lj;jpw;F nry;y my;yJ mq;fpUe;J kPzL ; k; tu> mj;jifa kUj;Jt mjpfhhpnahUtUf;F flik eltbf;iffSf;fhf gpuahzk; nra;fpd;w NghJ ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;F ,lkspf;fg;gl;Ls;s fl;lzj; njhiffSf;fika gpuahzg;gbfis kPs; epug;Gr; nra;J nfhLf;f me;epWtdk; flikg;gl;Ls;sJ.

14.

fzf;fply; fply;.
gjpfpd;w NghJ fPot ; Uk;

14.1 fl;lzq;fis fzf;Ffspy; nrad;Kiwfisg; gpd;gw;wy; Ntz;Lk;.

xt;Nthh; cj;jpNahfj;jh; rhh;ghfTk; fl;lzq;fSf;fhf Gj;jfj;jpy; xU gf;fj;ij my;yJ gy gf;fq;fis Fwpjn ; jhJf;fp> mtUf;Ff; fpilf;fg; ngWfpd;w midj;J fl;lzq;fSk; mq;F Fwp;ff ; g;gly; Ntz;Lk;. fl;lzq;fs; fpilf;fg;ngWfpd;w mYtyh;fspdhy; nghJ 172 Mk; nghJg;gbtj;jpy; vOjpf; ifnahg;gkplg;gl;l gw;Wr;rl P ;Lf;fs; mf;fl;lzq;fs; nfhLg;gdT nra;ag;gLNthUf;F tpepNahfpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. ve;j Neuj;jpy; me;jg;gzp Mw;wg;gl;lnjd Fwpg;gplg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. caH cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH fl;lzg;Gj;jfj;jpd; Fwpg;Gf;fis gw;Wr;rl P L ; f;fspd; gpujpfNshL xg;gpl;Lg; ghh;jJ ; mf;Fwpg;Gf;fspd; vjpNu RUf;ff; ifnahg;gkply; Ntz;Lk;. fzf;Ffs; gpd;tUk; gbtj;jpy; Ngzg;gly; Ntz;Lk;
cj;jpNahfj;jhpd hpd; ngah; rk;gsk; &gh.rjk; .rjk; &gh
gzpia Mw;wpa jpfjp gzpia Mw;wpa Neuk;

Mw;wg;gl;l gzp ahnjd;gJ

fpilf;fg; ngw;w fl;lzk; &gh

tpepNahfpf;fg;gl;l gw;Wr; rPlb ; d; ,yf;fKk; jpfjpAk;

101

mj; ; pahak; IX mjj

1 Mk; ml; ml;ltiz (cggphpT 11:2) &.r


1. kUj;Jt mjpfhhpapdhy; ,wg;Gg; gpd;dpfo;T ghpNrhjidnahd;W elhj;jg;glhj NghjpYk; kuzpj;jth; ,we;J nfhz;bUe;j NghNjh my;yJ mjw;F Kd;dNuh kUj;Jt mjpfhhp mtUf;F rpfpr;ir mspj;jhuh? ,y;iyah vd;gijf; fUj;jpnyLf;fhky; mk;kUj;Jt mjpfhhpapd; rhl;rp Njitnad ePjthd; my;yJ kuz tprhuizahsh; fUJfpd;w NghJ kuz tprhuizf;F tUif juy; kw;Wk; ghpNrhjidnahd;iw Nkw;nfhs;sy; vd;gtw;wpw;fhf 50.00 ,wg;Gg; gpd;dpfo;T tprhuiz :,wg;Gg; gpd;dpfo;T 100.00 ghpNrhjidnahd;iw Nkw;nfhz;L> mwpf;ifaplTk; mJ njhlh;ghf rhl;rpaspg;gjw;Fk;(11:4Mk; cg gphptpidg; ghh;ff ; Tk;.) Fwpg;G :- (I) ePjthd; ePjpkd;wnkhd;wpy; eilngWfpdw ; xNu tof;Fj; njhlh;ghf ,wg;Gg; gpd;dpfo;Tg; ghpNrhjidfs;; ,uz;Nlh my;yJ mjdpYk; $LjyhfNth elhj;jg;gl;bUf;Fkplj;J xt;nthU ghpNrhjidiaAk; elhj;jp mwpf;if rkh;g;pg;gjw;fhf 100/= fl;lzk; nrYj;jg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. (II) kUj;Jt mjpfhhpnahUtUf;F ,wg;Gg; gpd;dpfo;T ghpNrhjidnahd;W rhh;ghf 100/= &gh fl;lzk; xd;iwf; nfhLg;gdT nra;jy;> mNj tof;fpy; mtUf;F 15/= &gh fl;lznkhd;W chpj;jhFkplj;J me;j 15/= fl;lzj;ijg; ngw;Wf; nhfs;tjw;F jilahf mikaf; $lhJ. mNj Nghd;W kUj;Jt cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F (5)d; fPo; 15/= &gh fl;lznkhd;iwr; nrYj;Jjy;> mNj tof;fpy; mtUf;F ,wg;Gg; gpd;dpfo;T ghpNrhjidnahd;Wf;fhf 100/= &gh fl;lznkhd;W chpj;jhFkplj;J me;j 100/= &gh fl;lzj;ij KOikahfg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s jilahf mikaf; $lhJ. 3. gFg;gha;T - ,iug;igapy;> Flypy; VNjDNkhh; cs;SWg;nghd;wpy; my;yJ mtatnkhd;wpy; mlq;fpAs;s tplaq;fs; njhlh;ghf KOikahd gFg;gha;nthd;iw Nkw;nfhz;L mJ njhlh;ghd mwpf;ifnahd;iw vOjTk; Njitg;gLkplj;J jpBh; kuz tprhuizahshpd; Kd;dpiyapy; rhl;rpaspg;gjw;Fk; 50.00 4. tpQ;QhdhPjpahd ghpNrhjid - kUj;Jt mjpfhhpnahUtUf;F mDg;gg;gLfpd;w VNjDk; xU nghUs; my;yJ MAjk; njhlh;ghf (ngsjPf>,urhad kw;Wk; EZf;Ff;fhl;b) ghpNrhjid xd;iw Nkw;nfhz;L mJgw;wp mwpf;if xd;iw rkh;gg ; pg;gjw;Fk; Njitg;gLkplj;J jpBh; kuz tprhuiz mjpfhhp Kd;dpiyapy; rhl;rpak; mspg;gjw;Fk; 50.00 fhaq;fs; Kjypad nghyP]hhpdhy; ePjthd; ePjpkd;wq;fspy; jhf;fy; nra;ag;gLfpd;w tof;Ffspy; (11:06 Mk; cg gphpitg; ghh;ff ; ) ghpNrhjid nra;J mwpf;ifapLtjw;fhf kUj;Jt mjpfhhpfSf;F ePjthd;fNsh my;yJ rkhjhd ePjthd;fNsh my;yJ jpBh; kuz tprhuizahsh;fNsh my;yJ nghyP]; cj;jpNahfj;jHfNsh my;yJ nghyP]hH ,y;yhj gpuNjrq;fspy; fpuhk mYtyh;fNsh mDg;gp itf;fpd;w vj;jifa fhaj;Jf;Fs;shdtiuAk ghpNrhjpj;J ePjpkd;wj;jpw;F G+uz tpsf;fnkhd;Wld; $ba mwpf;ifnahd;iw vOjp mDg;Gtjw;fhf
102

2.

5.

15.00

mj;jpahak; IX

6. fhak; Vw;gLj;jg;gl;l tof;nfhd;wpNy Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLk; tprhuiz rpW fhak; my;yJ fLk; fhak; njhlh;ghd tiutpyf;fzj;jpw;Fl;glhj kfg;Ngw;nwhd;iw kiwj;J itj;jy; Nghd;w gpuj;jpNaf ,ay;Gila tof;nfhd;W njhlh;ghf ePjthd;fs; my;yJ rkhjhd ePjthd;fs; my;yJ jpBh; kuztprhuizahsh;fs; my;yJ nghyP]; cj;jpNahfj;jh;fs; my;yJ nghyP]; cj;jpNahfj;jh;fs; ,y;yhj gpuNjrq;fspy; cs;s fpuhk Nrit mYtyh;fs; ghpNrhjid nra;J mwpf;if rkh;g;gpf;FkhW kUj;Jt mjpfhhpfSf;F mDg;gp itf;fpd;w fhakile;j xt;nthUtH njhlh;ghfTk; ghpNrhjpj;J ePjpkd;wj;jpw;F G+uz mwpf;ifnahd;iw mDg;gpitg;gjw;fhf Fwpg;G ; elhj;jpdhYk; elhj;jhtpl;lhYk; (1) nghyP]hh; tof;if njhlh;eJ ghpNrhjidia elhj;jp mwpf;ifnahd;iw rkh;gg ; pj;jy; mtrpak; vd;W ePjthd; fUJkplj;J mt;thW ghpNrhjid nra;J ePjpkd;wj;jpw;F mwpf;if xd;iw mDg;Gtjw;fhf ,f; fl;lzj;ij nrYj;Jjy; Ntz;Lk;.

15.00

7. gpj;Jg; gpbj;Js;sik gw;wp wp gpj;Jg;gpbj;Js;s xUtiu ghpNrhjid 15.00 nra;J mj;jhl;rpg;gLj;Jtjw;F Fwpg;G:- kdNehahsh; xUtnud Cfpf;fg;gLfpd;w xUtiu ghpNrhjidf;Fl;gLj;jp itj;jpUe;J mth; gw;wpa mwpf;ifiar; rkh;g;gpg;gjw;fhf xU kUj;Jt mjpfhhpf;F 15 &gh nfhz;l xU fl;lzj;ij khj;jpuNk nfhLg;gdT nra;jy; Ntz;Lk;. Nehahspia Nkyjpf fhynkhd;wpw;F ghpNrhjidapy; itj;jpUe;J mth; gw;wpa kw;Nwhh; mwpf;ifiar; rkh;gg ; pf;FkhW ePjpkd;wj;jpdhy; Miz gpwg;gpf;fg;gbDk> ; kUj;Jt mjpfhhpf;F kPzL ; nkhU fl;lzk; nrYj;jg;glf; $lhJ.

2 Mk; ml; ml;ltiz (cggphpT 12:1)


xt;nthU ehSf;FKhpa fl;lzj;njhif &gh rjk; 1. kUj;Jt mjpfhhp njhopyhsp xUtiug; ghpNrhjpj;J rhl;rpakspf;f tprhuiznahd;wpw;Fr; nry;tjw;fhf 2. Rfhjhu Nritg; gzpgg ; hsh; ehafj;jpd; fUj;Jg;gb epGzj;Jtk; tha;ej ; xUtUf;fhd fl;lzj;ijg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjwf ; hd jifikfSld; $ba kUj;Jt mjpfhhpnahUth;> njhopyhsp xUtiug; ghpNrhjpj;J rhl;rpaspg;gjw;fhf tprhuizf;Fr; nrd;wtplj;J my;yJ rhl;rpaspj;j NghJ ,d;Nwy; itj;jpa rhl;rpaj;jpy; xd;Wf;nfhd;W Kuz;ghL Vw;gl;L rhl;rpakspg;gjw;fhf itj;jpah; xUth; miof;fg;gl;l NghJ 3. ,we;j njhopyhspnahUthpd; epiyikia mwpe;Js;s kUj;Jt mjpfhhpnahUth; mj; njhopyhspapd; cly; epiy njhlh;ghf rhl;rpakspf;fr; nrd;wtplj;J my;yJ rhl;rpakspj;jtplj;J
103

25

00

50

00

25

00

mj;jpahak; IX

4. RfhjhuNritg; gzpg;ghshpd; fUj;Jg;gb epGzj;Jtk; tha;ej ; xUthpd; fl;lzj;ijg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;Fhpj;Js;s ; jifikfSld; $ba kUj;Jt mjpfhhp xUth; ,we;J Nghd njhopyhsp xUthpd; epiyik njhlh;ghfj; njhpe;J itj;jpUe;J mj; njhopyhspapd; cly; epiy gw;wp rhl;rpak; mspg;gjw;F nrd;wtplj;J my;yJ rhl;rpak; mspj;jtplj;J ,d;Nwy; itj;jpa rhl;rpaj;jpy; Kuz;ghL Vw;gl;L mj;jifa kUj;Jt mjpfhhp xUth; rhl;rp mspg;gjw;F nrd;wtplj;J my;yJ rhl;rpak; mspj;jtplj;J 5. kUj;Jt mjpfhhp xUth;(117 Mk; mjpfhu) njhopyhsh; el;l <l;L fl;lisr; rl;lj;jpd;; 32 Mk; gphptpd; fPo; njhopyhsh; el;l <l;L MizahsNuhL mkh;ej ; pUe;J rhl;rpahsh;fsplk; Nfs;tp Nfl;L mt;thizahsUf;F cjtpatplj;J

50

00

Kjy; ehspw;F 100 &ghTk;>mjd; gpd;dh; tUfpd;w xt;nthU ehSf;Fk; 50 &gh tPjKk;

Mizahshpd; Nfhhpf;iff;fpzq;f mtUf;F mDg;gp itf;fg;gLfpd;w mwpf;iffSf;fhf &gh 15 ngWkjpahd fl;lzk; xd;iw nfhLg;gdT nra;a KbAk;. gpuahzr; nrytpdq;fis nfhLg;gdT nra;tJ njhlh;ghf XIV Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; Vw;ghLfs; Vw;Gilj;jhFk;.

104

mj;jpahak; - x
A+upkhu;> rhl;rpfs;> cj;jpNahfg;gw;ww;w ePjthd;fs;> jpBu; kuz tprhuizahsHfs; Wk; tprhuizahsHfs; MfpNahUf;Fk; kw;Wk; gy;ypdr; NritfSf;Fkhd khd nfhLg;gdTfs;
1.

rhl;rpak; A+upkhu;> nfhLg;gdTfs; pNahfg; cj;jpNah fg;gw;ww;w nfhLg;gdTfs; jpBu; kuz nfhLg; ; dTfs; nfhLgg

mspg;NghUf;F ePjthd;fSf;F

toq;fg;gLk; toq;fg;gLk; toq; ;fg;gLk; toqfg;

2.

3.

tprhuizahsu;fSf;F

4.

ypdr; NritfSf; gy;ypdr; NritfSf;fhf toq;fg;gLk; nfhLg;gdTfs;

105

mj;jpahak; - x
A+upkhu;> rhl;rpfs;> cj;jpNahfg;gw;ww;w ePjthd;fs;> jpBu; kuz tprhuizahsHfs; MfpNahUf;Fk; kw;Wk; gy;ypd ypd NritfSf;Fkhd khd nfhLg;gdTfs;
1. A+upkhu A+upkhu;> ; rhl;rpak; mspg;NghUf;F toq;fg;gLk; nfhLg;gdTfs; dTfs;
1:1 Fw;wtpay; tof;Ffs; njhlu;gpy; ePjpkd;wj;jpw;F tUif jUtjw;fhf A+upkhu; kw;Wk; rhl;rpahsu;fSf;F toq;ff; $ba nfhLg;gdTfs; gw;wp 1979 Mk; Mz;bd; 15 Mk; ,yf;f Fw;wtpay; rl;lf; Nfhitapd; 243(1) gpuptpd; fPo; cUthf;fg;gl;Ls;s xOq;F tpjpfspy; epu;zapf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. me;j xOq;F tpjpfs; gw;wpa tpguk; ,e;j mj;jpahaj;jpd; ,Wjpapy; fhl;lg;gl;Ls;sJ. 1:2 A+up cWg;gpdu; xUtuhfg; gzpahw;Wk; my;yJ murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;juhfg; gzpahw;Wk; NghJ jdf;F mwpaf; fpilj;j jfty;fs; my;yJ jd;dhy; Mw;wg;gl Ntz;bte;j tplaq;fs; njhlu;gpy; rhl;rpak; mspg;gjw;Fr; nry;fpd;w murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtH> 1:1 Mk; cg gpuptpd; gpufhuk; nrYj;jg;gl Kbe;j epjpj; njhifiaad;wp> xiv Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s xOq;F tpjpfs; kw;Wk; fl;lzj; njhiffs; vd;gtw;Wf;fikthd ,ize;j gbfs; kw;Wk; Nghf;Ftuj;J gbfs; vd;gtw;iw khj;jpuNk ngw;Wf; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. 1:2:1 Xa;T ngWtjw;F Kd;du; murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtuhfg; gzpahw;wpa NghJ jdf;F mwpaf; fpilj;j tplak; my;yJ jd;dhy; eltbf;if vLf;fg;gl Ntz;b Vw;gl;l tplak; njhlu;gpy; rhl;rpakspg;gjw;Fr; nry;fpd;w Xa;T ngw;w murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtUf;F> Xa;T ngw;wjd; gpd;duhd tUkhdk; my;yJ Mw;Wfpd;w njhopiy mbg;gilahff; nfhz;L 1:1 Mk; cg gpuptpd; gpufhuk; my;yJ Xa;T ngw;w jpdj;jd;W jdf;Ff; fpilj;j rk;gsk; kw;Wk; tfpj;j gjtpia mbg;gilahff; nfhz;L xiv Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; xOq;F tpjpfs; kw;Wk; fl;lzj; njhiffSf;fika jdJ jw;WzpGf;fpzq;f nrytpdq;fisg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;s KbAk;.

2. cj;jpNahfg;gw;ww;w ePjthd;fSf;F toq;fg; fg;gLk; Lk; nfhLg;gdTfs;


2:1 ePjpkd;w cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; tpLKiwapy; nry;fpd;w re;ju;gg ; j;jpy; mtUf;Fg; gjpyhf gjpy; flik GupAk; rl;lj;juzp kd;wj;jpd; mq;fj;jtu; xUtUf;F my;yJ cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtUf;F nrYj;jg;gl Ntz;ba gjpy; flikf; nfhLg;gdT gpd;tUkhW (m) Nky;ej P pkd;w ePjpgjpf;F ehnshd;wpw;F (M) khtl;l ePjpgjpf;F kw;Wk; FLk;g ePjpkd;wk; xd;wpd; ePjpgjpf;F ehnshd;wpw;F (,) ePjthd; kw;Wk; Muk;g epiy ePjpkd;wk; xd;wpd; ePjpgjpf;F ehnshd;wpw;F &. 150 &. 100 &. 75

2:2 nghJ thfd Nritnahd;W (mjhtJ g]; my;yJ Gifapuj Nrit) fhzg;gLk; tPjpnahd;wpy; mj;jifa nghJ thfdnkhd;wpd; %yk; nry;Yk; gazk; my;yJ gaznkhd;wpd; xU gFjpf;F me;jg; nghJ thfdj;jpd; tFg;G 1 ,w;fhd fl;lzk; nrYj;jg;gLk;. vt;thwhapDk; cz;ikahfNt Nkhl;lhu; thfdnkhd;wpidg; ghtpf;Fkplj;J> g];]py; gazpg;gjw;Fg; gjpyhf 2:5 Mk; cg gpuptpNy Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s fl;lzq;fSf;Nfw;g iky; $ypiaf; Nfhu KbAk;.
106

mj;jpahak; X

2:3 nghJ thfd Nritnahd;W fhzg;glhj tPjpnahd;wpy; nry;fpd;w gazj;jpw;F my;yJ gaznkhd;wpd; xU gFjpf;F iky; xd;wpw;F &. 6 tPjk; iky; $ypiaf; nfhLg;gdT nra;a KbAk;. 2:4 gpd;tUk; fl;lzq;fSf;Nfw;g $l;Lg;gb toq;fg;gLk; (m) Nky; ePjpkd;w ePjpgjpf;F ; ehnshd;wpw;F (M) khtl;l ePjpgjpf;F ; k; FLk;g ePjpkd;w ePjpgjpf;Fk; ehnshd;wpw;F (,) ePjthd; kw;Wk; Muk;g epiy ePjpkd;w ePjpgjpf;F ehnshd;wpw;F &. 90 &. 90 &. 90

$l;Lg; gbapidf; NfhUfpd;w vy;yhr; re;ju;gg ; q;fspYk; me;jf; Nfhupf;if> jq;fpapUj;jy; cz;ikahfNt Njitnadf; $Wfpd;w tpRthrr; rhd;wpjo; xd;wpd; %yk; cWjpg;gLj;jg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 2:5 kuz tprhuiznahd;iw my;yJ gupNrhjid xd;iw elhj;Jfpd;w NghJ jd;dhy; mwpe;J nfhs;sf; $bajhf ,Ue;j tplaq;fs; njhlu;ghf RUf;f tof;nfhd;wpd; NghJ rhl;rpakspg;gjw;F ePjthd; ePjpkd;wj;jpw;F rKfkspj;jikf;fhf Nkw;gb cg gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s gpufhuk; gpuahzr; nryT kw;Wk; $l;Lg; gb vd;gd toq;fg;gl KbAk;. 2:6 Muk;g epiy tof;FfSf;fhf ePjthd; ePjpkd;wj;jpw;F rKfkspj;jy;> tof;F tprhuizfspd; NghJ Nky; ePjpkd;wq;fSf;F rKfkspj;jy; vd;gtw;wpw;fhf ,t;tj;jpahaj;jpd; 1 Mk; gphptpd;; gpufhuk; nfhLg;gdTfs; toq;fg;gLk;. 2:7 gpuahzr; nrytpw;fhd tpz;zg;gg; gbtq;fis gpuahzk; Kbtile;J 30 ehl;fSf;Fs; rku;gg ; pj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.

3. jpBu; kuz tprhuizahsu;fSf;F toq;fg;gLk; nfhLg;gdTfs;


3:1 1979 Mk; Mz;bd; 15 Mk; ,yf;f Fw;wtpay; rl;ltpjpf; Nfhitapd;; 108 Mk; gpuptpd; fPo; epakpf;fg;gl;lth;fSk;> murhq;f Copak; ngWfpd;w Copau;fs; my;yhjtu;fSkhd> jpBu; kuz tprhuizahsh;fSf;F> mtu;fs; elhj;Jk; xt;nthU kuz tprhuizf;fhfTk;> mk; kuz tprhuizf;fhd Njit Vw;gl;lnjdTk;> mjidj; jpUg;jpfukhf elhj;j Kbe;jnjdTk; $Wfpd;w ePjthd; xUtupd; rhd;wpjOf;fhf &. 50/= tPjk; fl;lznkhd;W nrYj;jg;gLk;. 3:2 kuz tprhuiznahd;wpid cupathW elj;jhJ> gupNrhjidapid khj;jpuk; elhj;jpatplj;J my;yJ kuzj; jWthapy; ntspg;gLj;Jifnahd;iwg; ngw;Wf; nfhz;likf;fhf fl;lzk; VJk; toq;fg;glkhl;lhJ. 3:3 nghJ thfd Nritnahd;W (mjhtJ g]; my;yJ Gifapuj Nrit) fhzg;gLfpd;w tPjpnahd;wpy; mj;jifa nghJ thfd Nrit xd;wpd; %yk; nry;fpd;w gaznkhd;wpw;fhf my;yJ gazj;jpd; xU gFjpf;fhf> mg; nghJ thfdj;jpd; ,uz;lhk; tFg;gpw;fhd fl;lzk; nrYj;jg;gLk;. 3:4 nghJ thfd Nritnahd;W fhzg;glhj tPjpnahd;wpy; nry;Yk; gaznkhd;Wf;fhf my;yJ gazj;jpd; xU gFjpf;fhf iky; xd;wpw;F &. 6 tPjk; iky; $yp nrYj;jg;gLk;. 3:5 murhq;fj;jplkpUe;J rk;gsk; ngwhj cj;jpNahfj;jh;fsy;yhj jpBu; kuz tprhuizahsu;fSf;F kuz tprhuiz xd;wpw;fhf tPlb ; ypUe;J ntspNawpapUf;f Ntz;ba fhyg; gFjpf;F gpd;tUk; fl;lzq;fSf;Nfw;g $l;Lg;gbfs; toq;fg;gLk;.
107

mj;jpahak; X

Xt;nthU G+uz 24 kzpj;jpahy fhyj;jpw;Fk; 12 kzpjj ; pahyj;jpw;Ff; Fiwthd fhyj;jpw;F 6 kzpj;jpahyj;jpw;Ff; Fiwthd fhyj;jpw;F

&. 45 &. 45 &. 22

3:6 kuz tprhuiznahd;iw my;yJ gupNrhjid xd;wpid elhj;jpa NghJ jdf;F mwpaf; fpilj;j jfty;fs; njhlu;gpyhd RUf;f tof;Ffspd; NghJ rhl;rpakspg;gjw;F ePjthd; ePjpkd;wj;jpw;F tUif jUtjw;fhf Nkw;Fwpj;j cg gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s gpuahzr; nryTg; gb kw;Wk; $l;Lg;gb vd;gd toq;fg;gl KbAk;. 3:7 Muk;g epiy tof;FfSf;fhf ePjthd; ePjpkd;wj;jpy; M[uhjy;> tof;F tprhuizfspd; NghJ Nky; ePjpkd;wj;jpy; M[uhjy; vd;gtw;wpw;fhf ,e;j mj;jpahaj;jpd; gpupT 1 ,d; gpufhuk; nfhLg;gdT nra;ag;gLk;. 3:8 murhq;f rk;gsk; ngWfpd;wth;fshd jpBu; kuz tprhuizahsu;fSf;F xiv Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; fPo ; ; mtu;fSf;Fhpa fl;lzj; njhiff;Nfw;g $l;Lg;gb toq;fg;gLk;. 3:9 gpuahzr; nrytpw;fhd tpzz ; g;gg; gbtq;fs; gpuahzk; Kbtile;J 30 ehl;fSf;Fs; rku;gg ; pf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;.

4. gy;yp ypdr; NritfSf;fhf toq;fg;gLk; nfhLg;gdTfs;


4:1 rpj;jRthjPdkw;wtu;fs; vdf; fUjg;gLfpd;w egu;fs; kw;Wk; ifjpYs;s re;Njf egu;fs; MfpNahUf;Fg; nghWg;ghfr; nry;tjw;fhf egu;fis <LgLj;jy;> ngw;Wf;nfhs;tjw;F vtUk; Kd;tuhj gpNujq;fSf;F fhty; ,Uj;jy;; kw;Wk; Gijj;jy;> fhakile;j my;yJ Neha;tha;gg ; l;l egu;fis mt;thwpd;Nwy; Fw;wQ; rhl;lg;gl;l egu;fis ,lj;Jf;fplk; nfhz;L nry;yy;> Neha;tha;gg ; l;l my;yJ fhakile;j egh;fSf;Fg; gzptpil Gupjy;> ifjpYs;s Fw;wk; rhl;lg;gl;lth;fSf;F czT Fbghdq;fis toq;fy; Nghd;w gzpfSf;fhf fpuhk cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; Nkw;nfhs;Sk; nrytpdq;fs; Nghd;w gy;ypdr; NritfSf;fhd fl;lzq;fis gpd;tUk; cg gpupTfspy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s rl;lq;fSf;Fk;> fhyj;jpw;F fhyk; cz;zhl;lYty;fs; mikr;rpdhy; ntspaplg;gLfpd;w mwpTWj;jy;fSf;Fk; Vw;g murhq;f mjpgu; jdJ jw;Wzpgpd; mbg;gilapy; tpjpf;fpd;w fl;lzj; njhiffSf;Fk; mika nfhLg;gdT nra;a KbAk;. 4:1:1 nghWg;ghfr; nry;tjw;F xUtiu <LgLj;j KbtJ> fLk; rpj;jRthjPdkw;w xUtnud re;Njfpf;fg;gLk; xUtiu my;yJ fLk; Fw;wnkhd;wpw;fhf ifJnra;ag;gl;Ls;s Fw;wQ; rhl;lg;gl;l xUtiu my;yJ td;Kiwj; jd;ikAila gha;eN ; jhLtjw;F Kaw;rpf;fyhnkd re;Njfpf;fg;gLfpd;w Fw;wQ; rhl;lg;gl;l xUtiu nfhz;L nry;y Ntz;b tUfpd;w re;jh;gg ; j;jpy; khj;jpuNkahFk;. mt;thwpd;Nwy; xUthpYk; ghHf;ff; $ba vz;zpf;ifapidf; nfhz;l Fw;wk;rhl;lg;gl;Nlhiuf; nfhz;L nry;y Ntz;b Vw;gLfpd;w re;ju;g;gq;fspy; khj;jpuNkahFk;. 4:1:2 fhaKw;w xUtiu my;yJ Nehahsp xUtiu my;yJ ifJ nra;ag;gl;bUf;Fk; Fw;wQ; rhl;lg;gl;Ls;s xUtiu nghJthf Gifapujj;jpNyh my;yJ g]; tz;bapNyh nfhz;L nry;yy; Ntz;Lk;. Gifapuj Nrit my;yJ g];Nrit ,y;yhj re;ju;gg ; j;jpy; khl;L tz;bapy; nfhz;L nry;yy; Ntz;Lk;. nfhz;L nry;yg;gLk; egu; Xh; mehijahf my;yJ xU rpy fhuzq;fSf;fhf mtuJ gpuahzr; nryT murhq;fj;jhy; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl Ntz;bAs;s re;ju;gg ; q;fs; jtpu;ej ; Vida re;ju;gg ; q;fspy; thfdf; fl;lzj;ij nfhz;L nry;Yk; egNu nghWg;Ngw;wy; Ntz;Lk;. 4:1:3 fhaKw;wtiu my;yJ Nehahspiaf; nfhz;L nry;y fhu; xd;wpidg; gad;gLj;jhtpbd; Fwpj;j egupd; capUf;F Mgj;J Vw;glyhnkd fpuhk Nrit cj;jpNahfj;ju; fUJkplj;Jk;> mt;thNw mf; fhaKw;wtu; my;yJ me; Nehahsp Xu; mehijahf fhzg;gLkplj;Jk; my;yJ mehijay;yhj NghjpYk;
108

mj;jpahak; X

fhUf;Fhpa fl;lzj;ijr; nrYj;Jtjw;F mth; trjpaw;wtuhf fhzg;gLkplj;Jk; my;yJ mt;thW nrYj;Jtjw;F mtUf;F tpUg;gkpy;yhjtplj;Jk;; fpuhk Nrit cj;jpNahfj;ju; mtiuf; nfhz;L nry;tjw;fhf fhu; xd;wpidg; gad;gLj;jp mjw;fhf nrYj;Jk; fl;lzj;ij murhq;fj;jplkpUe;J kPsg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;tjw;F mDkjpAz;L. 4:1:4 Fwpj;j eguplkpUe;J mf; fl;lzj;ij my;yJ thlifia kw;Wk; Vida nrytpdq;fis mwtpl Kbahj midj;Jr; re;ju;gg ; q;fspYk; mf; fhaKw;wtu; my;yJ Nehahsp mehij xUth; vd;gjidAk; mt;thwpd;Nwy; mth; rhh;ghf nryT vf;fhuzj;jpdhy; fpuhk Nrit cj;jpNahfj;jupdhy; nrYj;jg;gl Ntz;b Vw;gl;lnjd;gjidAk; kw;Wk; mwtpl KbahJs;s njhif vt;tsT vd;gjidAk; Fwpj;Jf; fhl;Lfpd;w rhd;wpjnohd;iw mf; fpuhk Nrit cj;jpNahfj;jH vOjp gpuNjr tUkhd cj;jpNahfj;ju;/ cjtp murhq;f mjpghpd; ,iznahg;gj;ijg; ngw;W jdJ nryT tpz;zg;gg; gbtj;Jld; ,izj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 4:2 ifJnra;ag;gl;Ls;s Fw;wk; rhl;lg;gl;Ls;sth;fSf;F toq;Ftjw;fhf gpd;tUk; fl;lz njhiffSf;Nfw;g gzk; mwtpl KbAk;. fhiy czT gfy; czT ,uT czT &. 3 4 4 r. 00 50 50 czT

4:2:1 mehij xUtUf;Nfh my;yJ tpNrl fhuzq;fspdhy; czT toq;fg;gl Ntz;bAs;s re;ju;gg ; nkhd;wpNyh jtph;ej ; Ntnwr; re;jh;gg ; j;jpYk; czT toq;fg;glf;$lhJ. czT toq;fg;gLfpd;w ve;jr; re;jh;gg ; j;jpNyDk; $l ifJ nra;ag;gl;Ls;s Fw;wQ; rhl;lg;gl;lth; Xh; mehij vd;gjw;fhd rhd;wpjo; xd;iw my;yJ czT toq;fg;gl Ntz;bate;jikf;fhd tpN\l fhuzq;fs; ,itnadf; fhl;Lfpd;w rhd;wpjo; xd;iw nryT tpz;zg;gg; gbtj;Jld; ,izj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. ,r;rhd;wpjopy; gpuNjr tUkhd cj;jpNahfj;ju;/ cjtp murhq;f mjpgh; ,iznahg;gk; ,l;bUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 4:3 ePjpkd;wj;jpw;Fr; nry;fpd;w rhl;rpahsu;fSf;Fk; Fw;wtpay; Kjypad gw;wpa gupNrhjidfSf;F jd;K ; d;dhy; epWj;jg;gLfpd;w csthspfSf;Fk;> Fw;wthspfis milahsk; fhz;NghUf;Fk;> Vida egu;fSf;Fk; 1979 Mk; Mz;bd; 15 Mk; ,yf;f Fw;wtpay; rl;lf;; Nfhitapd; 243(1) Mk; gpuptpd; fPo; fhzg;gLk; xOq;F tpjpfSf;Nfw;g Gifapuj Mizr; rPlL ; f;fis toq;Ftjw;F Gifapujg; ghijfSf;F mUfhikapy; cs;s nghyp]; epiyak; xd;wpw;F nghWg;ghf cs;s cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtUf;F KbAk;. 4:4 ,g; gpuptpd; fPo; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLk; Nfhupf;iffis cWjpg;gLj;jpf; nfhs;tjw;fhd chpa gw;Wr; rPlL ; f;fSld; mf; Nfhupf;iffis 30 ehl;fSf;Fs; rku;g;gpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. ePjpkd;wj;jpw;F rKfk; jUtjw;fhf rhl;rpahsu;fSf;Fk; kw;Wk; A+uprig cWg;gpdu;fSf;Fk; gpuahzr; nryT> $l;Lg;gbfs; Kjypad nrYj;jg;gLfpd;w fl;lzj; njhif. rhl;rpahsu; kw;Wk; A+uprig cWg;gpdu;fSf;Ff; $l;Lg;gb Kjypad nfhLg;gdT nra;ag;gLtjidf; fl;Lg;gLj;Jfpd;w rl;lq;fs; 1979 Mk; Mz;bd; 15 Mk; ,yf;f Fw;wtpay; rl;lf; Nfhitapd; 243(1) gpuptpd; fPo; cUthf;fg;gl;l xOq;F tpjpfspy; fhzg;gLfpd;wd. 4:5 ,t;tj;jpahaj;jpd; fPohd midj;Jf; nfhLg;gdTfSk; rhl;rpahsu;fs; my;yJ A+uprig cWg;gpdh;fs; miof;fg;gl;l Fwpj;j ,lj;jpNyNa gjpthsu;fspdhy; jkJ nrytpdj; jiyg;gpy; ,Ue;Nj Nkw;nfhs;sg;gly; Ntz;Lk;.
109

mj;jpahak; X

xOq;Ftpjpfs; tpjpfs;
1. ,t;nthOq;Ftpjpfs;; rhl;rpak; mspg;Nghu; kw;Wk; nfhLg;gdTfs; njhlh;ghd xOq;Ftpjpfs;; vd miof;fg;gLk;. A+upkhUf;fhd

2. Nky; ePjpkd;wj;jpy; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLfpd;w tof;F tprhuiz xd;wpd; NghJ my;yJ mt;thwhd tof;F tprhuizf;F Kd;du; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLfpd;w G+h;thq;f tprhuiz xd;wpd; NghJ Kf;fpa rhl;rpnahd;whf ePjthdpdhy; cWjp nra;ag;gl;l my;yJ ,yQ;r rl;lj;jpd; fPohd ahNjDnkhU Fw;wk; njhlu;gpy; ePjthd; ePjpkd;wj;jpd; Kd;dpiyapy; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLfpd;w ahNjDnkhU tof;F tprhuizapd; NghJ ahNuDnkhU egh; miof;fg;gl;l re;ju;gg ; j;jpy; mt;thW tUif je;J rhl;rpaspg;gjw;fhf Fwpj;j egu; ePjpkd;wj;jpw;F tUif je;Js;sik njhlu;ghf ,jd; gpd;du; Fwpg;gplg;gLfpd;w Vw;ghLfSf;Fl;gl;L gpd;tUk; nfhLg;gdTfisg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;F Fwpj;j egUf;F cupj;JhpikAz;L. (m) mj;jifa gbnahd;W kw;Wk; xU ehisf;F &. 35.00 vdf;; fzpf;fg;gLfpd;w $l;Lg;

(M) xU ikYf;F &. 1.50 vdf;; fzpg;gplg;gLfpd;w gpuahzr; nryTf; nfhLg;gdnthd;W vt;thwhapDk; ntWkNd elj;ij njhlu;ghd rhl;rpahsnuhUtuhf ePjpkd;wj;jpw;F tUif jUfpd;w egu; xUth; ePjpkd;wj;jpdhy; mjd; jw;Wzpgpw;fpzq;f NtnwhU tpjj;jpy; fl;lis gpwg;gpf;fg;gl;lhyd;wp mt;thwhdnjhU nfhLg;gdtpidg; ngWtjw;F chpj;Jhpik fpilahJ. 3. Nky; ePjpkd;wj;jpd; A+uprig xd;wpNy gzpahw;Wtjw;fhf miof;fg;gLfpd;w xt;nthUtUf;Fk; mtu; ePjpkd;wj;jpy; M[uhfpd;w NghJ gpd;tUk; fl;lisfspd; Vw;ghLfSf;Fl;gl;L ehnshd;wpw;F &. 75Ig; ngWtjw;F cupik ngWjy; Ntz;Lk;. mt;thwhapDk; vtNuDk; xUth; tjpitf; nfhz;bUg;gJ ve; ePjpkd;w tyaj;Jf;Fs;Nsh me; ePjpkd;w tyaj;Jf;F ntspNa cs;s ePjpkd;w tyankhd;wpy; elhj;jg;gLfpd;w Nky; ePjpkd;wj;jpd; A+hpkhh; rigapy; gzpahw;Wtjw;F mth; miof;fg;gLfpd;wtplj;J xU ehisf;F &.5.00 vd;w tifapy; fzpg;gplg;gl;l Nkyjpf $l;Lg; gbnahd;iwg; ngw mth; chpj;Jilatuhjy; Ntz;Lk;. 4. 2 Mk; fl;lisapd; Vw;ghLfspy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s tplak; ahjhapDk;> tof;F tprhuiz ,d;Nwy; gupNrhjid Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLfpd;w ePjpkd;w kz;lgj;jpw;F my;yJ jyj;jpw;F rhjhuz nghJg; Nghf;Ftuj;jpd; %yk; epahakhd Kiwapy; nry;yf; $ba rhj;jpak; ,Ug;gpd; mg; gazj;jpd; xU gFjpf;F mjw;fhd fl;lzk; jtpu;ej ; NtW ve;jg; gpuahzr; nryTg; gbiaAk;; nrYj;jf; $lhJ. 5. rhl;rpahsu;fs; my;yJ A+uprig cWg;gpdu;fs; ve;j ePjpkd;wj;jpw;F miof;fg;gLfpd;wdNuh me;ej P pkd;wj;jpdhy; ,f;fl;lisapd; fPohd nfhLg;gdTfs; nrYj;jg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. 6. jhd; miof;fg;gl;l ePjpkd;wj;jpypUe;J Ie;J iky; J}uj;jpw;Fs; tjpfpd;w rhl;rpahsu; xUtu; 2 Mk; xOq;Ftpjpapy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;lLs;s $l;Lg;gbapy;; miug; gFjpf;F khj;jpuNk cupik ngWjy; Ntz;Lk;. 7. rdpf;fpoik ehnshd;W> Qhapw;Wf; fpoik ehnshd;W ,d;Nwy; murhq;f tpLKiw ehnshd;W cs;spl;l fhy tiuaiwnahd;wpw;Fs; my;yJ njhlu;rr ; pahd ehl;fspNyh ePjpkd;wj;jpy; M[uhFkhW rhl;rpahsu; xUtUf;F my;yJ A+uprig cWg;gpdu; xUtUf;F fl;lisaplg;gLkplj;J me;ej P pkd;wk; mike;Js;s efupy; Fwpj;j rhl;rpahsu; my;yJ A+uprig cWg;gpdu; tjpa Ntz;ba re;ju;gg ; nkhd;wpy; gpuahzr; nryTg; gbf;Fg; gjpyhf ehnshd;wpw;F &. 40.00 tPjk; Nkyjpf $l;Lg;gb xd;wpidg; ngWtjw;F mr;rhl;rpahsu; chpj;Jg; ngWtJld;> ; me;j A+uprig cWg;gpdu; ehnshd;wpw;F &. 40.00 tPjk; Nkyjpf nfhLg;gdT xd;wpidg; ngWtjw;Fk; cupj;Jilatuhthu;.
110

mj;jpahak; X

8. ,t;nthOq;Ftpjpfspd; fPo; rhl;rpahsu;fSf;Fk; kw;Wk; A+uprig cWg;gpdu;fSf;Fk; nrYj;jg;gl Ntz;ba nfhLg;gdTfisf; fzpg;gpLk; gzpfSf;fhf xNu ehspy; ez;gfy; 12 kzpf;F Kd;du; Muk;gkhfpd;w kw;Wk; Kbtilfpd;w ahNjDnkhU fhyg;gFjp kw;Wk; VNjDk; xUehspy; ez;gfy; 12 kzpapd; gpd;dH Muk;gpj;J mNj ehsd;W Kbtilfpd;w ahNjDnkhU fhyg;gFjp vd;gd miu ehshf fzpg;gplg;gly; Ntz;Lnkd;gNjhL rhl;rpahsu;fSf;F $l;Lg;gbfisAk;> A+uprig cWg;gpdu;fSf;F nfhLg;gdTfisAk;; mjw;Nfw;g nrYj;Jjy; Ntz;Lk;. 9. jkJ gjtp epiy fhuzkhf jkf;F mwpaf; fpilj;j rk;gtq;fs; gw;wp my;yJ vt;tplaq;fs; njhlh;ghf nrayhw;w Ntz;b te;jNjh mt; tplaq;fs; njhlh;ghf my;yJ vitNaDk; tplaq;fs; njhlh;ghf rhl;rpaspg;gjw;fhf; ePjpkd;wj;jpw;F tUif jUfpd;w murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;ju;fs; Nkw;gb fl;lisapd; fPo; jkf;Fr; nrYj;jg;gl Ntz;ba njhif rhh;ghf jhgd tpjpf; Nfhitapd; Vw;ghLfSf;fika gpuahzr; nryTfs; kw;Wk; $l;Lg;gbfs; vd;gtw;wpidg; ngWtjw;F chpj;Jhpik ngwy; Ntz;Lk;. 10. Xa;T ngWtjw;F Kd;du; jkJ gjtp epiy fhuzkhf jkf;F mwpaf; fpilj;j rk;gtq;fs; njhlu;gpy; my;yJ vt;tplaq;fs; njhlu;ghf eltbf;if vLf;fNtz;b jkf;F Vw;g ; l;lNjh> mt;tplaq;fs; gw;wp rhl;rpakspg;gjw;fhf ePjpkd;wj;jpw;F tUif jUfpd;w Xa;T ngw;w murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;ju;fSf;Fk;> epGzj;Jt rhl;rpakspg;gjw;fhf ePjpkd;wj;jpdhy; miof;fg;gl;lth;fSf;Fk; mjhtJ jkJ rhl;rpaq;fs; Vw;Gilj;jhd tplaq;fs; gw;wpa ePjpkd;wj;jpd; mgpg;gpuhaj;jpw;Nfw;g jhk; epGzh;fshfj; jifikAs;sth;fshf;fgglg;; Nghjpastpyhd epGzj;Jt mwpnthd;W> Njh;rr ; pnahd;W mDgtnkhd;W> gapw;rpnahd;W my;yJ fy;tp mwp;nthd;W fhzg;gLfpd;wth;f ; Sf;Fk;> ,t;nthOq;Ftpjpapd; (9) Mk; ge;jpapd; Vw;ghLfs; Vw;Gilajhaikjy;; Ntz;Lk;.

111

mj;jpahak; XI
nryT kPsspg;Gf;fSk; fSk; el;l<LfSk; <LfSk;
1. rptpy; eltbf;iffs tof;F ffs; nrytpdq; ;fs; nrytpdq;fSf;fhd Kw;gzq zqfs; 2. rptpy; my;yJ Fw;wtpay; tpay; kPsspg;Gr; nra;jy;. tof;Ffspd; njhlh;ghd nrytpdq; nrytpdq;fis

3. me;epa ehl;L mjpjpfspd; cgruizrhh; nrytpdq;fis kPsspg;Gr; nra;jy;. 4. Mjdnkhd;wpw;Nfw;glf; $ba ,og;nghd;wpw;fhd Nrjnkhd;Wf;fhd hd el;l<Lfs; <Lfs; toq;fg;gly;. 5. MnshUtUf; nshUtUf;F toq;fg;gly;. fhaNkw;gl;likf;fhd my;yJ

el;l<Lfs;

112

mj;jpahak; XI
nryT kPsspg;Gf;fSk; el;l<LfSk;
1. rptpy; tof;F eltbf;iffs; njhlh;ghd nrytpdq;fSf;fhd Kw;gzq;fs;
1:1 jdJ cj;jpNahfG+h;t flikfis Gupe;jikahy; Njhd;wpa xU tplak; njhlh;ghf cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUf;F vjpuhfj; njhLf;fg;gl;Ls;s rptpy; tof; nfhd;wpy; gpujpthjp rhh;gpy; M[uhf rl;lkh mjpgh; Kd;tuhj re;jh;gg ; q;fspy; mj;jifa tof;fpy; gpujpthjp rhh;gpy; M[uhtjw;fhd nrytpidr; rkhspg;gjw;F mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jUf;F Kw;gzk; toq;fg;glyhk;. (XXXIII Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; 6:4 Mk; cg gpupitg; ghh;ff ; ). 1:2 rptpy; tof;F jPHf;fg;gl Kd;dNu ,k; Kw;gzj;ijf; NfhUkplj;J> tof;Fr; rk;ge;jkhd nra;jpfis KO tpgukhf tpsf;Fk; mwpf;ifiaAk;> Kw;gzkhf Ntz;lg;gLk; njhifiaAk; ,j;njhifapd; cs;slf;fj;ijf;; fhl;Lfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jupd; tof;fwpQuhy; jahhpf;fg;gl;l ntspg;gLj;JifiaAk; jpizf;fsj; jiyth;> mikr;rpd; nrayhsUf;F mDg;gp itj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 1:3 njhlHe;J ,t;thtzq;fis nrayhsh; jdJ ghpe;JiufSld; rl;lkh mjpgUf;F mDg;gp itg;ghh;. 1:4 Kw;gzf; nfhLg;gdthf nra;ag;gLk; njhifahFk;. toq;fg;gLtJ rl;lkh mjpguhy; ghpe;Jiu

1:5 cj;jpNahfj;jH tof;fpy; ntw;wpngwhtplj;J> mt;thwpd;Nwy; mtH nrytpl;l epahakhd nrytpid KOikahfNth my;yJ mjd; xU gFjpiaNah tof;Fr; nrythf mwtpl;Lf; nfhs;s KbAkhdtplj;J> KOikahd Kw;gzj;ijNah my;yJ mjd; xUgFjpiaNah mwtpl;Lf; nfhs;tij ,ayr; nra;Ak; nghUl;L> Kwpnahd;iw vOjpf; ifnahg;gkpl;Lj; jUkhW mj;jifa Kw;gznkhd;iw toq;f Kd;dH mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jH Ntz;lg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 1:6 tof;F Kbtpy;> Kw;gzk; mwtplg;gLtij cWjpnra;J nfhs;tJ> jpizf;fsj; jiytupd; nghWg;ghFk;. ,e;Nehf;fj;jpd; nghUl;L mth; tof;F Kbtpy; gpd;tUtdtw;iwf; fhl;Lfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jupd; tof;fwpQuhy; jahhpf;fg;gl;l ntspg;gLj;Jifnahd;wpid nrayhsUf;F rkHg;gpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F Vw;gl;l nryT> tof;Ff; fl;lzk; vd;w tifapy; mwtplg;gl;l njhiffs; vitNaDkpUg;gpd; mit> cj;jpNahfj;jh; nrytspj;Js;s NghjpYk; tof;Ff; fl;lzkhf tifapy; mwtplg;glhj njhif. 1:7 nrayhsh; ,t;ntspg;gLj;Jifia mjpgUf;F mDg;gp itj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. jdJ ghpe;JiuAld; rl;lkh

1:8 cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F Kw;gzkhf toq;fg;gl;l njhifia my;yJ mjpy; xU gFjpia mwtpl Ntz;Lkh ,y;iyah vd;gJ gw;wpAk;> vj;jifa epajpfspd; fPo; mt;twtPli ; l Nkw;nfhs;s Ntz;Lnkd;gJ gw;wpAk; rl;lkh mjpgh; MNyhrid mspg;ghh;.
113

mj;jpahak; XI

2. rptpy; my;yJ Fw;wtpay; tof;Ffspd; nrytpdq;fis nra;jy;.

kPsspg;Gr;

2:1 rptpy; my;yJ Fw;wtpay; tof;nfhd;wpd; Kbtpy;> jdJ nryTg; nghUl;lhd kPsspg;ig Xh; cj;jpNahfj;jh; NfhUkplj;J> jpizf;fsj; jiyth; gpd;tUtdtw;iwr; nrayhsUf;F rkHg;gpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. tof;Fj; njhlh;ghd tplaq;fs;; gw;wpa KO tpgukhd mwpf;ifnahd;Wk; cg gpupT 1:6 ,d; fPo; rkh;gg ; pf;FkhW Ntz;lg;gLfpd;w mNj tpguq;fs; mlq;fpa cj;jpNahfj;jupd; tof;fwpQuhy; jahupf;fg;gl;l ntspg;gLj;Jifnahd;Wk;. 2:2 mijaLj;J nrayhsh; jdJ rl;lkh mjpgUf;F mDg;gp itg;ghh;. ghpe;JiufSld; ,t;thtzq;fisr;

2:3 cj;jpNahfj;jh; tof;Ff;Ff; fl;lzk; vd;w tifapy; mwtpl;buhjJk; mtUf;F nrythdJkhd gzj;ij KOikahfNth my;yJ mjpy; xU gFjpiaNah cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F kPsspf;f Ntz;Lkh ,y;iyah vd;gJ gw;wpr; rl;lkh mjpgh; MNyhrid $Wthh;. 2:4 rptpy; tof;nfhd;Nwh Fw;wtpay; tof;nfhd;Nwh cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F vjpuhf murhq;fj;jpdhy; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;bUg;gpd; ve;jnthU Kw;gzNkh nryT kPsspg;Ngh toq;fg;gl khl;lhJ. 2:5 MapDk; cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH jdJ flikia rl;lg;gb Mw;wpa NghJ VNjDk; Kiwahd xU nray; njhlh;gpy; mtUf;nfjpuhf tof;Fj; njhlug;ngw;W> tprhuiz Kbtpy; mth; tpLjiyahf;fg;gLkplj;J> jpizf;fs eltbf;ifNaJk; mtUf;nfjpuhf vLf;f cj;Njrpf;fg;gltpy;iynadpd; mt;tof;fpw;fhf mtUf;Nfw;gl;l nryT ,e;jg; gpuptpy; cs;s Vw;ghl;bd;gb> rl;lkh mjpghpd; MNyhridapd;Ngupy;> kPsspg;Gr; nra;ag;glyhk;.

3. me;epa ehl;L mjpjpfspd; cgruizrhh; nrytpdq;fis kPsspg;Gr; nra;jy;.


3:1 nrayhsh; xUtUf;F my;yJ> jpizf;fsj; jiyth; xUtUf;F my;yJ> murhq;f mjpgh; xUtUf;F jdJ gjtpepiyapy; ntspehl;L mjpjpfis cgrupf;f Ntz;b Vw;gl;l nrytpdk; kPsspg;Gr; nra;ag;gLk;. 3:2 kPsspg;Gf; Nfhug;gLtjw;Fupa mj;jifa cgrhuq;fs;> ,ad;wsT NjePh; cgrhunkhd;Wf;F> kjpa cznthd;wpw;F> ,d;Nwy; ,uhg;Nghrdnkhd;wpw;F kl;Lg;gLj;jg;gl;bUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.mj;NjhL mjpy; gq;Fgw;WNthh; tpUe;jspg;gpw;Fg; nghWg;ghd cj;jpNahfj;jh;> mtuJ kidtp> mjpjpfs;> mth;jk; kidtpah; vd;ghNuhL ,d;Dk; Ie;J NgUf;F Nkw;glhj njhiff;F kl;Lg;gLj;jg;gl;bUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 3:3 murhq;fr; nrytpy; mj;jifa cgruiznahd;iw Nkw;nfhs;s mikr;rpd; nrayhsh; xUth; jdJ mikr;ruplkpUe;Jk;> jpizf;fsj; jiyth; xUtuhapd; jdJ nrayhsuplkpUe;Jk; Kd;dq;ff P huj;ijg; ngWjy; Ntz;Lk;. 3:4 mq;ff P hukspf;Fk; jPhk ; hdpg;ghh;. mjpfhup cgrhuj;jpd; jd;ikiaAk;> msitAk;

3:5 cz;b toq;fiy cztfnkhd;W my;yJ cz;b toq;Feh; xUth; toq;Fkplj;J> mjw;fhd gw;Wr;rl P L ; f;fspYs;s gzj;ij murhq;fk; NeubahfNt mt;Tztfj;Jf;F my;yJ cz;b toq;FeUf;F nfhLg;gdT nra;jy; Ntz;Lk;. tPlb ; y; cgruizia elhj;Jtjw;F jdpg;gl;l xOq;Ffs; nra;ag;gLkplj;J> kPsspg;Gr; nra;jw;Fupa cr;r tpiy gpd;tUkhwhFk;.

114

mj;jpahak; XI

NjePh; xUtUf;F kjpa czT xUtUf;F ,uhg;Nghrdk;

10 &gh 25 &gh 40 &gh

cj;jpNahfj;jh; ifr;rhj;jpl;l tpRthr rhd;wpjo; %yk; ,j;njhifiaf; Nfhu KbAk;. ; 3:6 Nkw;Nghe;j kl;Lg;gLj;jg;gl;l cgruizf;Fg; Gwk;ghf> ntspehl;L tpUe;jpdiuf; nfsutpg;gjw;fhf murhq;fr; nrytpy; nfhLf;fg;gLk; tpUe;njhd;wpw;F mikr;ruplk; Kd; mq;ff P huk; ngwg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. mjptpNrl re;jh;gg ; q;fspy; kl;LNk mjw;F ,lkspf;fg;gLk;. ,j;jifa re;jh;gg ; q;fspy; Fwpj;j tpUe;J njhlh;ghd cj;Njr nryT kjpg;gL P k; tpguKk;> chpa nrayhsuhy; mikr;rUf;Fr; rkh;g;gpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 3:7 ,g;gpuptpd; gbahd cgruizr; nryTfs; kPsspg;Gr; nra;ag;gLtjd; fhuzkhf ntsptptfhu mikr;rpd; nrayhsUf;F ,g;NghJ toq;fg;gLk; gbfspy; khw;wq;fs; Vw;glhJ. ,g;gpuptpd; fPo; Nkyjpf mD$yk; vjidAk; ngw mtUf;F chpj;Jf; fpilahJ.

4. Mjdnkhd;wpw;Nfw;glf; glf; $ba ,og;nghd;wpw;fhd Nrjnkhd;Wf;fhd el;l<Lfs; toq;fg;gly;.

my;yJ

4:1 cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUthpd; Nritf; fhyj;jpy; jdpg;gl;l Mjdq;fSf;F fsT my;yJ> jP my;yJ r%ff; Fog;gk; my;yJ NtnwhU fhuzj;jhy; ,og;Gf;fs; my;yJ Nrjq;fs; Vw;gLkplj;J mjd;nghUl;L cj;jpNahfj;jh; el;l<L Nfhu cupik fpilahJ. MapDk;> tpNrl re;jh;gg ; q;fspy; fUizr; nrad;Kiw xd;nwd;w tifapy; mjw;fhf el;l<L toq;fg;gLfpd;wik gw;wp fUj;jpnyLf;f nghJ epUthf mikr;rpd; nrayhsUf;F KbAk;. vdpDk; nrayhshpd; fUj;Jg;gb cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; ftdaPdk; fhuzkhf epfo;ej ; pUf;Fnkd;Nwh my;yJ fhg;GWjpapdhy; Nghjpastpw;F <Lnra;ag;gl KbAnkd;Nwh vz;z Kbe;j ,og;Gfs; my;yJ Nrjq;fSf;F ,e;j rYif toq;fg;glkhl;lhJ. 4:2 epfo;ej ; jhff; $wg;gLfpd;w VNjDnkhU ,og;G my;yJ Nrjk; njhlh;ghf cldbahf Kiwg;ghnlhd;W Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;ljhf nghyp]py; Fwpf;fg;gl;buhtplj;Jk; mt;tpog;G my;yJ Nrjk; epfo;eJ ; ,uz;L thuq;fSf;Fs; tpz;zg;gjhuhpd; jpizf;fsj; jiytUf;F el;l <l;L tpz;zg;gnkhd;W rkh;g;gpf;fg;glhjtplj;Jk; me;el;l<l;Lf; Nfhhpf;if njhlh;ghf fUj;jpy; nfhs;sg;glkhl;lhJ. 4:3 mj;jifa tpz;zg;gnkhd;W> ,og;Ngh my;yJ NrjNkh ,lk;ngw;W xUkhj fhyj;jpw;Fs; jhgdg; gzpg;ghsUf;Ff; fpilf;fj;jf;fthW mDg;gg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. 4:4 jP tpgj;J Nghd;wtw;why; Nrjnkhd;W Vw;gl;bUg;gpd;> chpa mYtyfk; my;yJ Ntiyj;jyj;Jf;Fg; nghWg;ghf cs;s cj;jpNahfj;jH midj;J rhl;rpfspdJk; VNjDk; el;l<l;il chpik NfhuTs;s Ml;fspdJk; rhl;rpaq;fisg; gjpTnra;J cldbahf KO mstpyhd tprhuiznahd;iw elj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. mj;Jld; mth; ,lk;ngw;Ws;s Nrjj;ij cldbahf Ma;eJ ; Nrjj;jpd; msit kjpgg ; pl;L jpizf;fsj; jiytUf;F tpupthd mwpf;ifnahd;iw rkh;g;gpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 4:5 fUizf; nfhil xd;W toq;FtJ gw;wp cj;Njrpf;fg;gLkplj;J> cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F Ntz;ba mj;jpahtrpa cgfuzg; nghUs;fis <L nra;tjw;F Vw;w msthfNt mJ mikjy; Ntz;Lk;. vt;thwhapDk;> mj;njhif mtupd; xUkhj Ntjdj;jpw;F Nkw;glyhfhJ.
115

mj;jpahak; XI

5. MnshUtUf;F fhaNkw;gl;likf;fhd el;l <Lfs; toq;fg;gly;.


5:1 Nritapd; ,Wjpapy; Xa;TngWk; NghJ my;yJ mjw;F Kd;dh;> Xa;t+jpag; gpukhzj;jpd; 30 my;yJ 30m gpuptpd; fPo; cupik NfhUtjw;F ,lkspf;fj;jf;f tpgj;J xd;wpy; CWgl Neupbd;> mjw;nfd Kiwahf mikf;fg;gLfpd;w rignahd;wpdhy; mt;tpgj;J epfo VJthd fhuzq;fs; ahTk; cldbahf Muhag;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. ,t;tha;T> gpd;tUk; mk;rq;fis tpNrlkhff; fUj;jpy; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;fhakile;jik cj;jpNahfj;jH nfhz;bUe;j NghJ Vw;gl;ljh vd;gJ@ fhakile;jik mtuJ fhuzq;fspdhyh vd;gJ cz;ikapNyNa ,ay;gpw;F flikfis Fwpg;ghf Mw;wpf;

flikapd;

Vw;Gilj;jhd

mjw;fhd fhuzk; mtupd; jtW my;y vd;gJ. Ma;tpd; Ntz;Lk;. KbTfs; jhgdg; gzpg;ghsUf;F cldbahf mwptpf;fg;gly;

,t;nthOq;F tpjpapd; fPo; rkh;g;gpf;fg;gl Ntz;ba mwpf;if Njitg;gLtJ Xa;t+jpak; njhlh;ghd eltbf;iffspd; nghUl;lhFk;> ghuJ}ukhd jpBh; tpgj;njhd;W Vw;gbd;> mJgw;wpg; Gwk;ghd mwpf;ifnahd;iw mikr;rpd; nrayhsUf;F cldbahf mDg;Gjy; Ntz;Lk;. 5:2 1957 Mk; Mz;bd; 31 Mk; ,yf;f Ntiyahsh; el;l <l;L( jpUj;jr;) rl;lj;jhy; jpUj;jpaikf;fg;gl;l(139Mk; mjpfhukhd) Ntiyahsh; el;l <l;L fl;lisr; rl;lj;jpy; Ntiyahsh;; vd;w nrhy;yhy; Fwpf;fg;gLfpd;wth;fSf;F Vw;glf; $ba tpgj;njhd;W njhlh;ghf fPot ; UkhW nraw;gly; Ntz;Lk;. jpBh; tpgj;J njhlh;ghf Ntiyahsuhy; my;yJ NtnwhUtuhy; mwptpf;fg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. (gpupT 16-18). Ntiyahsh; rhh;ghf

fhaKw;w NtiyahsUf;Fg; nghWg;ghf cs;s gjtpepiy cj;jpNahfj;juhy;> murhq;f kUj;Jt cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth; %yk; kUj;Jtg; guPli ; r xd;W elhj;jg;gl xOq;Ffs; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. (gpupT 21). jpizf;fsj; jiythpdhy; my;yJ fhaKw;w NtiyahsUf;Fg; nghWg;ghf cs;s gjtpepiy cj;jpNahfj;juhy;> tpgj;J epfo;ej ; ehspypUe;J 14 ehl;fSs; Ntiyahsh; el;l<L MizahsUf;F mwptpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. (gpupT 57(1) ,jd; gpujpnahd;W mwpe;J nfhs;tjw;fhf jhgdg; gzpg;ghsUf;F mDg;gg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. el;l<L nfhLf;f Ntz;ba flikg; nghWg;G fhzg;gl;ljh vd;gJ gw;wpAk; (gpupT 3) nfhLf;fg;gl Ntz;ba el;l<l;Lg;gzk; (gpupTfs; 6 kw;Wk; 7) gw;wpAk;> Ntiyahsiug; gzpf;fkh;jj ; pa jpizf;fsj;jpdhy;> jhgdg; gzpg;ghsUf;F mwpf;if rkh;g;gpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. fhaj;jhy; Ntiyahspd; kuzk; epfOnkdpd; mthpy; jq;fpapUg;Nghhpd; ngah;fs;> Kftupfs;; rkh;g;gpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk; (gpupT 10).

116

mj;jpahak; - XII
yPT 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. nghJ tplaq;fs; yPtpid mDkjpf;Fk; mjpfhup mYtyfj;jpw;F ntspNa nry;tjw;fhd mDkjp xU ehspd; xU gFjpf;fhd yPT mka yPT gpzp yPT gjpy; yPT Xa;T yPT jpBH jpBH tpgj;Jf;fs; kw;Wk; tpNrl gpzp yPT

10. 10. fhyq;fle;j yPT 11. 11. ,isg;ghWiff;F Ke;jpa yPT 12. 12. tpNrl yPT 13. 13. flik yPT 14. 14. KOr; rk;gsj;Jldhd fw;if yPT 15. 15. rk;gskw;w fw;if yPT 16. ; ff; 16. ntspehl;Lf; fw; fwi ff;fhd kw;Wk;/ my;yJ njhopy; Guptjw;fhd rk;gskw;w yPT
117

17. 17. rk;ghjpj;j yPT 18. 18. gpurt yPT 19. ; rfSf;Fj; Njhw;Wtjw;fhd yPT 19. murhq;fg; guPli 20. 20. fl;lha yPT 21. 21. miur; rk;gs yPT 22. 22. rk;gskw;w yPT 23. 23. jPtpw; pw;F ntspNa fopf;fTs;s yPT 24. 24. MrpupaHfSf;fhd yPT 25. 25. cgepiy cj;jpNahfj;jHfSf;fhd yPT 26. 26. fdpl;l CopaHfSf; CopaHfSf;fhd yPT 27. 27. ehl;rk;gsk; yPT ngWk; cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;fhd

28. fhyg;gFjpnahd;Wf;F xg;ge;j 28. Fwpg;gpl;l mbg;gilapy; Nritahw;Wfpd;w jw; jw;fhypf cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F toq;fg;gLk; yPT 29. fhyg;gFjpnahd;Wf;F 29. Fwpg;gpl;l mbg;gilapy; Nritahw;whj cj;jpNahfj;jH 30. 30. nghyp]; rh[d;lk ; hH kw;Wk; fhd;]l ; gps;khHfSf;fhd yPT xg;ge;j jw;fhypf nghyp];

31. 31. rpiwf;fhtyH epiyf;Ff; Fiwe;j gjtp tfpf;Fk; rpiwr;rhiy mYtyHfSf;fhd yPT 32. 32. gapw;rp ngWeH/ gapYeH xUtUf;fhd yPT
118

33. 33 . mka mYtyH xUtUf;fhd yPT 34. Wtjw;fhf 34. mur $l;Lj;jhgdk; xd;wpy; gzpahw;Wtjw; tpLtpf;fg;gl;l cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;fhd yPT 35. 35. FWfpa yPT 36. xd;wpy; gzpahw;Wtjw;fhf 36. ntspehL epakpf;fg;gl;Ls;s xUtupd; tho;fi ; fj; Jizf;F toq;fg;gLk; rk;gskw;w yPT

119

mj;jpahak; - XII
yPT
1. nghJ tplaq;fs;
1:1 yPT vd;gJ chpiknahd;wy;y rYifnahd;whFk;. yPthdJ Nritapd; mtru re;jh;gg ; q;fspy; gzpahw;w Ntz;Lk; vd;w epge;jidapd; fPNo mDkjpf;fg;gLfpd;wJ. mDkjpf;fg;gl;Ls;s yPtpd; fhyg; gFjpapid Fiwg;gjw;Nfh my;yJ ,uj;Jr; nra;tjw;Nfh yPT mDkjpfF ; k; mjpfhhpf;F ve;jr; re;jh;g;gj;jpYk; chpikAz;L. 1:2 yPtpid chpa gbtj;jpy; tpz;zg;gpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. cs;ehl;by; nrytplg;gLfpd;w yPTfSf;F: nghJ 125 gbtj;ijg; gad;gLj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.ehl;bw;F ntspNa nrytpLk; yPTf;fhfg; nghJ 126 gbtj;ijg; gad;gLj;Jjy; Ntz;Lk;. 1:3 nghJthf yPT tpzz ; g;gg;gbtk; xd;wpid> yPT Muk;gpf;fg;gLk; jpfjpf;F Mff; Fiwe;jJ VO ehl;fSf;F Kd;duhtJ yPit mDkjpf;Fk; mjpfhhpapd; mYtyfj;jpw;F fpilf;fr; nra;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 1:4 ehl;bw;F ntspNa nrytplg;gLfpd;w fhyg; gFjpf;fhd yPTfSf;fhf mDg;gg;gLk; tpz;zg;gg; gbtq;fs; KbAkhd vy;yhr; re;jh;gg ; q;fspYk; me;j yPT Muk;gpf;fg;gLk; jpfjpf;F %d;W khjq;fSf;F Kd;dh; rkh;g;gpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 1:5 cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth; je;jpr; nra;jp xd;wpd; %yk; gjpiy vjph;ghh;fF ; kplj;J mth; gjpy; mDg;gg;gLtjw;fhd je;jpf; fl;lzj;ij Kd;$l;bNa nrYj;Jjy; Ntz;Lk;. 1:6 flik yPT my;yhj yPTfSf;fhf tpz;zg;gpf;Fk; NghJ ngw;Wf; nfhs;sg;gLfpd;w njhiyNgrp miog;Gf;fs;> jdpg;gl;l njhiyNgrp miog;Gf;fshff; fUjg;gLtJld; mjw;fhfTk; miog;gth; fl;lzj;ijr; nrYj;Jjy; Ntz;Lk;. 1:7 mDkjpf;fg;gl;l yPTfs; njhlHghd gjpTg; Gj;jfk; xd;wpid nghJ 190 gbtj;jpd; gpufhuk; NgzptUjy; Ntz;Lk;. 1:8 nghJthf nrYj;jg;gLfpd;w gjpy; flikf;fhd rk;gsj;ij my;yJ Nkyjpf Cjpaj;ijg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;tjw;fhd cupiknahd;ww;w gjpy; flik Gupfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F toq;fg;gLfpd;w midj;J yPTfs; njhlHghfTk; nghJ 196 Mk; gbtj;jpy; (Njitahd ,lq;fspy; nghUj;jkhd jpUj;jq;fis Nkw;nfhz;L) vOjp khjhe;jk; fzf;fha;thsH ehafj;jpw;F mDg;Gjy; Ntz;Lk;. 1:9 cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH ,lkhw;wk; nra;ag;gLkplj;J> mt;thW ,lkhw;wk; nra;ag;gl;ltH vj;jpizf;fsj;jpypUe;J ,lkhw;wk; nra;ag;gl;lhNuh mj;jpizf;fsj;jpd; jiytH Gjpa jpizf;fsj;jpd; jiytUf;F gpd;tUk; jfty;fis mDg;Gjy; Ntz;Lk;. cj;jpNahfj;jH jdJ Kjy; epakdj;jpypUe;J xt;Nthuhz;L fhyg; gFjpapYk; ngw;Wf;nfhz;Ls;s nkhj;j Xa;T/ RftPd yPTfspd; vz;zpf;if> miur; rk;gs yPTfspd; vz;zpf;if kw;Wk; rk;gskw;w yPTfspd; vz;zpf;if> kw;Wk; Fwpj;j tUlj;jpDs; mtH ngw;Ws;s nkhj;j mka yPTfspd; vz;zpf;if
120

mj;jpahak; XII

1:10 mka yPTfisf; fzpg;gpLk; NghJ rdp> QhapW kw;Wk; nghJ tpLKiw ehl;fis ftdj;jpy; nfhs;sf; $lhJ. Xa;T yPTfis ehl;bw;F ntspNa fopf;Fkplj;J> mtuJ yPT fhyg; gFjpapDs; tUfpd;w rdp> QhapW kw;Wk; nghJ tpLKiw jpdq;fs; mjpy; cs;slf;fg;gLk;. 1:10:1 miur; rk;gs tpLKiwfs; my;yJ rk;gskw;w tpLKiwfs; vLf;fg;gLfpd;w fhyg;; gFjpapDs; tUfpd;w rdpf;fpoiknahd;W> Qhapw;Wf;fpoiknahd;W my;yJ murhq;f tpLKiw ehnshd;W vd;gdtw;iw KiwNa miur; rk;gs my;yJ rk;gskw;w ehl;fshff; fzpg;gply; Ntz;Lk;.

2. yPtpid tpid mDkjpf;Fk; mjpfhup


2:1 yPtpidg; ngw;Wr; nry;Yfpd;w cgepiy cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtupd; flik eltbf;iffspid mj;jpizf;fsj;jpd; gpwpnjhU cj;jpNahfj;jiug; gad;gLj;jp Nkw;nfhs;tjw;Fj; Njitahd eltbf;iffs; vLf;fg;gl;bUg;gpd;> ,e;j mj;jpahaj;jpd; Vw;ghLfspd; gpufhuk; jdf;Ff; fPOs;s cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F cs;ehl;bNy fopg;gjw;fhf KOr; rk;gsj;Jldhd yPtpid toq;Ftjw;F jpizf;fsj; jiytUf;F KbAk;. yPT vLj;Js;s cj;jpNahfj;jupd; flikapid epiwNtw;Wtjw;fhf jpUg;jpfukhd Vw;ghLfis Nkw;nfhs;sy; jpizf;fsj; jiytupd; nghWg;ghFk;. 2:2 mt;thNw jpizf;fsj; jiytH xUtupd; yPT chpa nrayhsupdhy; mDkjpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;.

3. mYtyfj;jpw;F ntspNa nry;tjw;fhd mDkjp


3:1 mDkjpapidg; ngwhJ jdJ flik epiyaj;jpypUe;J nry;tjw;F cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F mDkjp fpilahJ. ntspNa

3:2 jdJ flik epiyaj;jpw;F ntspNa nry;tjw;fhd mDkjpapidg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;tjw;F Kiwahd tpz;zg;gg; gbtk; xd;wpid cupa mDkjp toq;Fk; mjpfhupf;Fr; rkHg;gpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. NkYk; tha;nkhop %yk; my;yJ cj;jpNahfG+h;tkw;w NtW topfspy; ,e;j mDkjpapidg; ngw;Wf; nfhz;bUg;gpd; mt;thW jhd; njhopy;GupAk; mYtyfj;jpw;F ntspNa nry;tjw;Ff; fUJk; jpdkhdJ tpLKiw ehshf fhzg;gl;lhYk;$l ,e;j tpz;zg;gj;ij rkHg;gpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.

4. xU ehspd; xU gFjpf;fhd yPT


4:1 mDkjpf;fg;gl Ntz;ba kpff; FWfpa yPTf;fhyg;gFjp> FWfpa yPthFk;. (35 MtJ gpuptpidg; ghHf;fTk;) 4:2 cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH jdJ kjpa czTf;fhd Neuk; jtpHe;j (fhiy Neuj;jpy; khj;jpuk; my;yJ khiy Neuj;jpy; khj;jpuk; my;yJ fhiy khiy vd;w ,U gFjpapYk;) Mff; Fiwe;jJ %d;wiu kzpj;jpahyaq;fs; Nritahw;wpajd; gpd;dH Fwpj;j ehspd; Vida fhyg; gFjpf;F yPT ngw;wpUg;gpd;> me;j ehSf;Fupa mtuJ yPthdJ miuehs; yPthf nfhs;sg;gly;; Ntz;Lk;. mtH %d;wiu kzpj;jpahyq;fSf;Ff; Fiwthf gzpahw;wpapUg;gpd; mjid xUehs; yPthf nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. K.g. 8.30 gp.g. 4.15 tiu gzpahw;w Ntz;ba cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F Nkw;gb 4.2 Mk; cg gpupT Vw;GilajhFk;.

121

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5.

mka yPT

cs;ehl;bNy fopg;gjw;fhf xNu jlitapy; 06 ehl;fSf;F Nkw;glhjthW xUtUl fhyg;gFjpapy; Mff; $baJ 21 ehl;fs; mka tpLKiwahf mDkjpg;gjw;F jpizf;fsj; jiytUf;F KbAk;. mka tpLKiwahdJ 8 Mk; gpuptpNy Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s Xa;T tpLKiwfSf;F NkyjpfkhfNt ngw;Wf; nfhLf;fg;gLfpd;wJ. mka tpLKiw toq;fg;gLtJ ntWkNd mka hPjpahd tplaq;fs; fhuzkhf FWfpa fhyg; gFjpnahd;wpw;F flikf;F rKfkspf;f Kbahj re;jHg;gj;jpy; cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F mjw;fhd tha;gg ; pid Vw;gLj;jpf; nfhLf;Fk; nghUl;lhFk;. jtpHf;f Kbahj re;jHg;gq;fspy; jtpu ,t;tka yPtpid> Xa;T tpLKiwf; fhyg; gFjpnahd;wpw;Nfh ,d;Nwy; miur; rk;gs tpLKiwf; fhyg; gFjpnahd;wpw;Nfh Kd;dH my;yJ gpd;dH toq;ff; $lhJ. ,e;j yPtpid mDkjpg;gjd; %yk; jpizf;fsj;jpd; flik eltbf;iffSf;F jlq;fy; VJk; Vw;glhky; ,Ug;gjw;F jpizf;fsj; jiytH Mtd nra;jy; Ntz;Lk;. Xa;T yPtpidg; ngw;Wf;nfhLf;fpd;w NghJ Njitg;gLfpd;wthW> me;j Mz;bw;Fupa mka yPTfSf;fhd cupikapidg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;fhf> Gjpjhf mur Nritf;F epakpf;fg;gl;l cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F Mff; Fiwe;j fhyk; xd;W Nritahw;w Ntz;ba mtrpak; fpilahJ. vt;thwhapDk;> yPtpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;Fk;NghJ mt;thW yPT mDkjpf;Fk; mjpfhup 5.3 gpuptpNy Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s tpjpKiwfisg; gpd;gw;Wjy; Ntz;Lk;.

6.

gpzp yPT

6:1 cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth; Neha;tha;gg ; l;likahy; yPT NfhUk; NghJ my;yJ RftPdk; fhuzkhf ,uz;L ehl;fSf;F Nkyhf mYtyfj;jpw;F flikf;F rKfkspf;f Kbahkw; NghFk;NghJ me;j cj;jpNahfj;jh;> jdf;F mUfpYs;s kUj;Jt cj;jpNahfj;jh; Clhf jd;id ghpNrhjid nra;J nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. mjd; NghJ me;j kUj;Jt cj;jpNahfj;jh; kUj;Jtk; 170 vDk; gbtj;jpy; vOjpa rhd;wpjo; xd;wpid Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jh; flik GhpAk; jpizf;fsj;jpd; my;yJ Jizf; fhhpahyaj;jpd; jiytUf;F mDg;gp itj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 6:1:1 Neha;tha;gg ; l;lik fhuzkhf jdf;F mDkjpf;fg;gl;l yPT xd;wpid mNj fhuzj;jpw;fhf NkYk; ePbj;Jf; nfhs;tjw;F vjph;ghh;fF ; k; gl;rj;jpy;> Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jh; jdf;F kUj;Jtr; rhd;wpjo; xd;wpid toq;FkhW> Vw;fdNt kUj;Jt rhd;wpjio toq;fpa mNj kUj;Jt cj;jpNahfj;juplk; Nfhu KbAk;. 6:1:2 kUj;Jt rhd;wpjOf;fhd jpizf;fsj;jpdhy; ntspaplg;gLk;. MNyhrid Rfhjhu Nritfs;

6:2 MAh;Ntj rl;lj;jpd; fPo; my;yJ kUj;Jt fl;lisr; rl;lj;jpd; fPo; gjpT nra;ag;gl;Ls;s jdpg;gl;l itj;jpa njhopy; GhpAk; xUthplk; ngw;Wf; nfhz;l kUj;Jt rhd;wpjo; xd;wpd; kPJ 14 ehl;fSf;Ff; $lhj fhyg; gFjpf;F Nkw;gb cg gphptpd; fPo; KOr; rk;gsj;Jld; my;yJ miur; rk;gsj;Jld; my;yJ rk;gskw;w RfaPd yPT toq;f KbAk;. mt;thwhd jdpg;gl;l kUj;Jth; xUthplk; ngw;Wf; nfhz;l kUj;Jt rhd;wpjio 14 ehl;fSf;F Nkw;gl;l fhyg; gFjpnahd;Wf;fhf rkHg;gpf;Flj;J> mf;fhyg; gFjp Kbtile;jTlNdNa murhq;f kUj;Jt cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUthplk;> me;Neha;ff ; hfg; ngw;Wf; nfhz;l kUj;Jtr; rhd;wpjo; xd;W rkh;g;gp;ff ; g;gLk; gl;rj;jpy;>14 ehl;fSf;F Nkw;gl;l rpy ehl;fSf;fhf yPtpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhLg;gjw;F mt;thwhd kUj;Jtr; rhd;wpjo; xd;wpid Vw;Wf; nfhs;s KbAk;.
122

mj;jpahak; XII

6:2:1 gjpT nra;ag;gl;l MAh;Ntj kUj;Jth; xUth; jhd; tpNrlkhfj; jahhpj;j gbtk; xd;wpd; %yk; rkh;g;gpf;Fk; kUj;Jtr; rhd;wpjo; xd;wpid Vw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;F jpizf;fsj; jiytUf;F mjpfhuk; cz;L. 6:3 Neha;fSf;fhf xU jlitapy; 06 ehl;fs; tiuapyhd FWfpa fhyj;jpw;F vLf;Fk; yPTfis cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; tpUg;gj;jpd; Nghpy; mtuJ mka yPTfspy; ,Ue;J Fiwf;f KbAk;. cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth; Nritf;F rKfkspf;fhj VNjDk; FWfpa xU fhyg; gFjpia mtuJ Xa;T yPTfspy; ,Ue;J fopf;f Ntz;Lnkd ahNjDnkhU fhuzj;jpw;fhf jpizf;fsj; jiytH jPhk ; hdpf;fyhk;.

7. gjpy; yPT
7:1 cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH VNjDnkhU mur tpLKiw ehspy; my;yJ thu Xa;T ehnshd;wpy;; flikahw;w Ntz;Lk; vd jpizf;fsj; jiytH fUJkplj;J mjw;Fg; gjpyhf murhq;f tpLKiw ehis my;yJ thu Xa;T ehis tpQ;rhj fhyg; gFjpnahd;Wf;fhf mtUf;F gjpy; yPtpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhLg;gjw;F jpizf;fsj; jiytH jdJ jw;Wzpigg; gad;gLj;j KbAk;.. mt;thW ngw;Wf; nfhLf;fg;gLfpd;w yPTfisf; Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F toq;fg;gLfpd;w nghJthd yPTfspy; ,Ue;J Fiwf;ff; $lhJ. jpizf;fsj; jiytH xUtUf;F murhq;f tpLKiw ehs; xd;wpy; my;yJ thu Xa;T ehs; xd;wpy; gzpahw;w Ntz;b NehpLkplj;J> mjw;fhf mtH gjpy; yPtpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s vjpHghHf;fpd;w NghJ mJ gw;wpa fhuzq;fis jdJ nrayshsUf;F mwptpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 7:1:1 cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F murhq;f tpLKiw ehnshd;wpd; my;yJ thu Xa;T ehnshd;wpd; xU gFjpf;F khj;jpuk; gzpahw;w Ntz;Lnkd cj;jutplg;gLk; re;jHg;gj;jpy;> Nkw;gb cj;jpNahfj;jH cz;ikahfNt gzpahw;wpa kzpj;jpahyq;fSf;F khj;jpuNk yPT mDkjpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. ,f;fhuzj;jpw;fhf ftdj;jpw; nfhs;sg;gl Ntz;ba kzpj;jpahyq;fshff; fUjg;gl Ntz;bait> Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jupd; nghJthd flik ehl;fspy; gzpahw;Wk; kzpj;jpahyq;fs; khj;jpuNkahFk;. 7:2 ahNjDnkhU murhq;f tpLKiw ehspNy chpa cj;jpNahfj;jH jdJ mYtyfj;jpw;F my;yJ NtNwNjDNkhH mYtyfj;jpw;F cz;ikapNyNa tUif je;jhNy xopa my;yJ flikapy; <Lglf; $bathW jdJ Nrit epiyaj;jpy; jq;fpapUf;f Ntz;bte;jhNy xopa> mt;turhq;f tpLKiw ehSf;fhf gjpy; yPT toq;fg;gl KbahJ. 7:3 gjpy; yPT toq;fg;gLtjdhy; murhq;fj;jpw;F vt;tpj nrytpdKk; Vw;glhnjd;gjw;Fk;. jpizf;fsj;jpd; nghJthd gzpfSf;F jil VJk; Vw;glhnjd;gjw;Fk; jpizf;fsj; jiytH nghWg;ghjy; Ntz;Lk;. 7:4 tpLKiw ehnshd;wpy; gzpahw;wp ciof;fpd;w gjpy; yPtpid> mt;tpLKiw ehspypUe;J xU tUl fhyj;jpDs; ngw;Wf; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. xU tUlj;jpd; gpd;dH mt;thwhd gjpy; yPT ,uj;jhfptpLk;. 7:5 cs;ehl;bNy fopfpd;w mka yPTfs; kw;Wk; Xa;T yPTfs; vd;gtw;Wld; gjpy; yPTfisAk; gad;gLj;j KbAnkdpDk; ehl;bw;F ntspNa fopf;fpd;w vt;tifahd yPTlDk; gjpy; yPtpid NrHj;J vLf;f KbahJ.

8.

Xa;T yPT
xt;nthU tUlj;jpYk; Mff;$baJ 24

8:1 cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F ehl;fs; Xa;T yPT toq;fg;gl KbAk;.

123

mj;jpahak; XII

8:2 ,uz;L tUlq;fSf;Fhpa jpuz;l yPT> mjhtJ yPT ngw;Wf; nfhs;Sk; tUlj;jpdJk;> mjw;F Kd;ida tUlj;jpdJk; gad;gLj;jg;glhJ kPjKs;s Xa;T yPTfis mtUf;Fg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;F mDkjpf;f KbAk;. ,jd; gpufhuk; xU tUl fhyg; gFjpapDs; Mff; $baJ 48 ehl;fs; Xa;T yPtpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;F cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F chpj;Jz;L. 8:2:1 yPtpid ehl;bw;F ntspNa fopg;gjhapd;> yPtpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;fpd;w tUlk;> kw;Wk; mjw;F Ke;jpa ,uz;L tUlq;fs; vd;w %d;W tUlq;fSf;FKupa jpuz;l yPtpidg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;tjw;F gjtpepiy cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtuhy; ,lkspf;fg;gl KbAk;. ,jd; gpufhuk; mtUf;F 72 ehl;fs; Xa;T yPtpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;F mDkjpAz;L. 8:3 cs;ehl;bNy fopf;fpd;w Xa;T yPT fhyg; gFjpapy; cs;slf;fg;gLfpd;w rdpf;fpoik> Qhapw;Wf;fpoik kw;Wk; nghJ tpLKiw ehl;fs; yPtpypUe;J Fiwf;fg;gl khl;lh. vdpDk; ntspehL xd;wpNy fopf;fpd;w yPT ehl;fspy; cs;slf;fg;gLfpd;w rdp> QhapW kw;Wk; nghJ tpLKiw ehl;fs; vd;gd yPTfspypUe;J Fiwf;fg;gLk;. (1.10 Mk; cg gpuptpidg; ghHf;fTk;) 8:4 cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH Nkw;gb cg gpuptpd; fPo; ahNjDnkhU tUlj;jpy; jdJ jpuz;l Xa;T yPtpidg; ngw;wpUg;gpDk; mtUf;F 8.8 Mk; cg gpuptpw;Fl;gl;L 24 Ntiy ehl;fSf;Fupa Xa;T yPtpid toq;f KbAk;. 8:5 ehl;bw;F ntspNa fopj;j yPtpd; gpd;dH kPzL ; k; flikf;Fj; jpUk;gpa cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH> flikf;F kPsj;jpUk;gpa mNj Mz;by; my;yJ mij mLj;J tUk; Mz;by; 8.6 Mk; cg gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s gpufhuk; njhlHr;rpahd 9 khjr; Nritapidg; G+Hj;jp nra;tjw;F Kd;dH> kPzL ; k; xU Kiw ehl;bw;F ntspNa fopg;gjw;fhf ,e;j yPtpidg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;s vjpHghHf;fpd;w re;jHg;gj;jpy; mtUf;F gpd;tUkhW yPtpid ngw;Wf; nfhs;s mDkjpAz;L. yPtpid ngw;W kPzL ; k; flikf;Fj; jpUk;gpa mNj Mz;by; mtH mJ tiuapy; Xa;T yPT vjidAk; ngw;wpuhj re;jHg;gj;jpy; mt;thz;bNy mtH gzpahw;wpAs;s xt;nthU khjj;jpw;fhfTk; mtuJ tUlhe;j Xa;T yPTfspy; ,Ue;J 1/9 vd;w tpfpjj;jpyhd yPTfisAk;> mijaLj;j Mz;by; Nritahw;wpAs;s xt;nthU KOikahd khjj;jpw;fhfTk; tUlhe;j Xa;T yPTfspy; ,Ue;J 1/3 gFjpAkhf mt;thz;bw;fhf Mff; $baJ 24 ehl;fs; yPtpd; $l;Lj; njhifapidAk; ngw;Wf;nfhs;s KbAk;. 8:6 Kjy;Kiwahf epakdk; ngw;Ws;s cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH KOr; rk;gsj;Jldhd Xa;T yPtpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;F Kd;dH 9 khjf; fhyj;jpw;F mtH gzpahw;wpapUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. vdpDk; mtH RftPdKw;wpUg;gjhf kUj;Jtr; rhd;wpjo; xd;wpidr; rkHg;gpf;Fk; re;jh;gg ; q;fspy; my;yJ NtW kpf mtrukhd re;jHg;gq;fspy; ,e;j tpjpKiwfSf;F khw;wkhf nraw;gl KbAk;. mt;thwhd re;jHg;gq;fspy; gzpahw;Wfpd;w Kjy; tUlj;jpNy flikahw;wpAs;s xt;nthU khjj;jpw;fhfTk; tUlhe;j Xa;T yPTfspy; 1/9 gFjp vd;w tifapy; Xa;T yPtpid ngw;Wf;nfhLg;gjw;F jpizf;fsj; jiytUf;F KbAk;.. 8:7 epakdj; jpfjpapypUe;J ,uz;L tUl fhyg; gFjpapidg; G+Hj;jp nra;Js;s cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F> mt;tpuz;L tUl fhyg; gFjpapid G+hj;jp nra;j gQ;rhq;f tUlj;jpd; kPjKs;s fhyg; gFjpapDs;> mtH mJtiuapy; gzpahw;wpAs;s xt;nthU khjj;jpw;fhfTk; tUlhe;j Xa;T yPTfspy; 1/12 vd;w tifapy; fzpg;gplg;gl;l tpfpjhrhu Xa;TyPtpid mt;thz;bd; ,Wjp tiuapYk; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;f KbAk;. mijaLj;J tUfpd;w Mz;bd; rdtup khjk; 01 Mk; jpfjp Kjy; Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jupd; Xa;T yPTfspd; mstpidf; fzpg;gpLk; NghJ gQ;rhq;f tUlj;jpid ftdj;jpy; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;.

124

mj;jpahak; XII

vLj;Jf;fhl;L: 1979.03.15 Me; jpfjp Kjy; epakdk; ngw;w cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH 1981.03.14 Me; jpfjpad;W ,uz;L tUl Nritapidg; G+Hj;jp nra;fpd;whH. 1981.03.15 Kjy; 1981.12.31 tiuapyhd fhyg; gFjpf;F mtUf;F 19 ehl;fs; Xa;T yPT toq;f KbAk;. 1982.01.01 Me; jpfjp Kjy; mtUf;F gQ;rhq;f Mz;bidf; ftdj;jpy; nfhz;Nl Xa;T yPtpid toq;Fjy; Ntz;Lk;. 8:8 NkNy 8.6 kw;Wk; 8.7 Mfpa cg gpupTfspd; Vw;ghLfspd; fPo; fzf;fplg;gLfpd;w re;jHg;gq;fs; jtpu;ej ; Vida re;jHg;gq;fspy;> cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH ahNjDnkhU tUlj;jpy; Mff; Fiwe;jJ %d;W khjq;fshtJ gzpahw;wpapy;yhj re;jHg;gj;jpy; nghJthf mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jUf;F mt;zb ; w;fhf Xa;T yPtpidg; ngw;Wf;nfhLf;f KbahJ. vt;thwhapDk;> 3 khjfhy Nritapid G+Hj;jp nra;tjw;F Kd;dH yPtpid ngw;Wf;nfhLf;f Ntz;ba Njit cs;snjd fUJkplj;J Nritahw;wpAs;s xt;nthU khjj;jpw;Fk; tUlhe;j Xa;T yPtpypUe;J 1/3 mstpw;F tpfpjhrhu mbg;gilapyhd yPtpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhLg;gjw;F jpizf;fsj; jiytUf;F KbAk;.

9.

jpBH tpgj;Jf;fs; kw;Wk; tpNrl gpzp yPT

9:1 murhq;f kUj;Jt cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH gpd;tUk; tplaq;fis cWjpnra;J toq;Ffpd;w kUj;Jtr; rhd;wpjo; xd;wpd; JizAld; tpz;zg;gnkhd;W rkHg;gpf;fg;gLkhapd;> chpa nrayhsupd; mDkjpAld; KOr; rk;gsj;Jld; 06 khjq;fSf;Fk;> mjd; gpd;dH miur; rk;gsj;Jld; NkYk; 06 khjq;fSf;Fk; jpBH tpgj;Jf;fhd yPtpidg; ngw;Wf;nfhLf;f KbAk;. 9:1:1 jpBH tpgj;jpd; fhuzkhf> mjpy; tpN\lkhff; Fwpg;gplg;gLfpd;w fhyg; gFjpf;F Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jH flikahw;Wtjw;F jFjpaw;wtH vdTk;> kw;Wk; 9:1:2 Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F Vw;gl;Ls;s fhaj;jpd; ftdj;jpy; nfhz;L mtH rpfpr;ir ngw;W tUfpwhh; vdTk;> jd;ikapidf;

9:2 Nkw;gb 9.1.2. cg gpuptpd; fPo; Njitahd rhd;wpjo; rkHg;gpf;fg;glhj re;jHg;gj;jpy; mf;fhyg;gFjp tiu miur; rk;gsj;jpd;kPJ khj;jpuk; yPT ngw;Wf; nfhLf;f KbAk;. 9:3 jpBH tpgj;J yPtpid ngw;Wf;nfhLf;f KbtJ Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jH cz;ikahfNt flikapy; <Lgl;bUe;j NghJ> mtuJ ftdaPdj;jhy; Vw;gl;lnjd;W $wKbahj jpBH tpgj;njhd;wpdhy; mtUf;F fhaq;fs; Vw;gl;bUg;gpd; khj;jpuNk MFk;. flikf;fhf nry;Yfpd;w gazj;jpd; NghJ topapy; my;yJ flik Kbe;J tPL jpUk;Gk; topapy; Vw;gl;l tpgj;njhd;wpw;fhf ,e;j yPtpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;ff; $lhJ. 9:4 ,t;thW fopj;jyhfhJ. toq;fg;gLfpd;w yPtpid mtuJ nrhe;j yPtpypUe;J

9:5 NtW ve;jtifahd yPtpidAk; toq;fyhfhJ.

njhlHGgLj;jp jpBH tpgj;J yPtpid

9:6 cz;ikahfNt jdJ flikapid epiwNtw;wpf; nfhz;bUe;j re;jHg;gj;jpy; vtNuDNkhH cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F Nehnahd;W Vw;gLkplj;J mtUf;F Nkw;gb cg gpupTfspd; gpufhuk; tpNrl RftPd yPtpidg; ngw;Wf;nfhLf;f KbAk;. vdpDk; mt;thwhd yPtpidg; ngw;Wf;nfhLg;gjw;F Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jH cz;ikahfNt jdJ flikapy; <Lgl;Lf; nfhz;;bUe;j NghJ me;j Neha; Vw;gl;lnjdTk;> mtuJ ftdaPdk; fhuzkhf mJ Vw;gltpy;iynadTk; epr;rakhf mtuJ flikapd; ,ay;Gf;fikaNt mJ Vw;gl;ljnjdTk; $Wfpd;w mur kUj;Jt cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtupdhy; rkHg;gpf;fg;gLfpd;w rhd;wpjo; xd;wpd;kJ P nrayhsH
125

mj;jpahak; XII

G+uz jpUg;jp Ntz;Lk;.

fhZk;

gl;rj;jpy; yPtpw;fhd

khj;jpuk;

,e;j

yPtpidg; nghJ 5

ngw;Wf;nfhLj;jy; gbtj;jpd; %yk;

9:7 jpBH tpgj;J NfhUjy; Ntz;Lk;.

tpz;zg;gj;jpid

10. 10. fhyq;fle;j yPT


10:1 ,q;F 8:2 Mk; cg gphptpd;fo P ; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s Kbe;j midj;J yPTfSk; Kbtile;j gpd;dH cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F NkYk; yPtpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s Ntz;bapUg;gpd;> fPot ; Uk; cggphpTfspd; tpjpKiwfSf;Fl;gl;L ve;jNthH mLj;JWk; ,uz;L Mz;Lfspd; vQ;rpAs;s yPTfis jdJ jw;WzpGf;fika toq;f jpizf;fsj; jiytUf;F KbAk;. 10:1:1 ve;jNthH Mz;nlhd;wpw;Fs;NsAk; cj;jpNahfj;jH mLj;JW Mz;Lfs; ,uz;bw;fhd fhyg;gFjpia tpQ;rpa xU fhyq;fle;j yPtpidg; nghJthf ngw;Wf; nfhs;s KbahJ. (I) xUtUf;F fhyj;jpw;F

vLj;Jf;fhl;L :~vf;]| ; vd;gtH 1980 kw;Wk; 1981 Mk; Mz;Lfspy; jdJ KOikahd Xa;T yPTfis ngw;Wf; nfhz;Ls;shH. ePzl ; fhykhf Neha;tha;gl;bUe;jik fhuzkhf 1981y; mtUf;F NkYk; yPTfs; Njitg;gLfpd;wd. mtH 1967 kw;Wk; 1968 Mfpa Mz;Lfspy; jdJ KOikahd Xa;T yPTfidg; ngwhjpUe;Js;shH. 1967 kw;Wk; 1968 Mfpa Mz;Lfspd; vQ;rpAs;s Xa;T yPTfisg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;s mtUf;F ,lkspf;f KbAk;. vdpDk; 1967 kw;Wk; 1969 Nghd;w mLj;Jwhj ,uz;L tUlq;fspd; vQ;rpAs;s Xa;T yPTfisg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;s mtUf;F KbahJ. (II) NkYk; fhyk;fle;j yPtpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;fhf mNj Mz;bw;Fs; mjhtJ 1981Mk; Mz;by; mtUf;F mj;jifa mLj;JWk; ,uz;lhz;L fhyg;gFjp xd;wpw;F Nkw;gl;l njhifia gad;gLj;j KbahJ ,jw;fika 1967 kw;Wk; 1968 Mfpa ,uz;L Mz;Lfspd; fhyq;fle;j yPT ngwg;gl;l 1981 Mk; Mz;bNyNa kPzL ; nkhU Kiw 1971 kw;Wk;1972 Mfpa ,uz;lhz;Lfspd; fhyq;fle;j yPtpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s mtUf;F KbahJ.

10:1:2 mLj;JWk; ,uz;lhz;LfSf;Fs; cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F toq;fg;gLfpd;w fle;jfhy yPTfspd; nkhj;jk;> ,uz;L Mz;Lfspw;fhd mtuJ rhjhuz yPT vz;zpf;ifahd 48 ehl;fis tpQ;rf; $lhJ. vLj;Jf;fhl;L:Nkw;Fwpj;j vLj;Jf;fhl;Lfspy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;l ~vf;]| ; vd;gtH 1981 Mk; Mz;by; 23 ehl;fs; fhyq;fle;j yPtpidg; ngw;Ws;shnud;gNjhL> mtUf;F 1982 Mk; Mz;bYk; njhlHe;Jk; yPTfs; Njitg;gLfpd;wd. ,q;F 25 ehl;fspYk; ghHf;f $Ljyhd yPT ehl;fs; vQ;rpAs;s NghjpYk; 1982 Mk; Mz;by; mtUf;F toq;fg;gl Kbe;j fhyq;fle;j yPT ehl;fspd; vz;zpf;if 25 MFk;. (mjhtJ 48 23 ) 10:1:3 vdpDk; Nehnahd;why; gPbf;fg;gl;lik my;yJ jpBH tpgj;Jf;Fs;shjy; Nghd;w mtuJ fl;Lg;ghl;il kPwpa fhuzq;fspdhy;> cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH epidf;f KbahjthW rpukj;jpw;fhshd tpN\l re;jHg;gnkhd;wpy; (mtuJ tUif ruhrhpahf rpwe;jjhftpUe;J mtuJ flik> elj;ij vd;gd rpwg;ghfTkpUf;Fkplj;J) mjd; Nghypaw;w jd;ik njhlHghf jdf;F jdpg;gl;l Kiwapy; jpUg;jpaila KbAkhapd; mLj;JW ,uz;L Mz;Lfspy; cj;jpNahfj;jH ngw;Wf; nfhs;shj fhyq;fle;j yPtpid xNu Mz;bw;Fs; ,uz;lhk; KiwahfTk; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;f jdJ jw;WzpGf;fpzq;f nrayhsUf;F KbAk;.
126

mj;jpahak; XII

,j;jifa re;jHg;gnkhd;wpy; mLj;JWk; ,uz;lhz;LfSf;Fs; cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtUf;F toq;fg;gLfpd;w fhyq;fle;j yPTfspd; nkhj;jk;> ehd;F Mz;LfSf;fhd mtuJ rhjhuz yPTfspd; vz;zpf;ifahd 96 ehl;fisj; jhz;lf;$lhJ. vLj;Jf;fhl;L:~vf;]| ; vd;gtUf;F fPof ; F ; wpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s fhyq;fle;j yPTfs; vQ;rpAs;sd. 1967 24 1968 24 1969 05 1970 24 1971 24 1972 24 1973 24 1974 22 1981 Mk; Mz;by; mtuJ Xa;T yPTfs; Kbe;Jtpl;ld. mtUf;F 1967/1968 Mfpa Mz;Lfspd; fhyq;fle;j yPT 23Ig; ngw;Wf;nfhs;s mDkjpf;fg;gl;lJ. 1982y; mtH kPzL ; k; Neha;tha;g;gl;lNjhL vQ;rpAs;s fhyq;fle;j yPTfis (48 ehl;fspypUe;J 1981Mk; Mz;by; toq;fg;gl;l 23 ehl;fisf; fopf;fpd;w NghJ 25 ehl;fs;) 1982y; vLf;f mDkjpaspf;fg;gl;lJ. mtUf;F kUj;Jtf; fhuzq;fspdhy; 1982y; njhlHe;Jk; yPTfs; Njitg;gLfpd;wd. mtUf;F 1970/1971 Mk; Mz;Lfspy; fhyq;fle;j yPTfs; 48 ehl;fis njhlHe;Jk; mDkjpf;f KbAk;. 1973/1974 Nghd;w Vida Mz;Lfspy; fhyq;fle;j yPTfs; mtUf;F toq;fg;gl;Ls;s NghjpYk; mt;thW mDkjpf;fg;gLfpd;w nkhj;j fhyq;fle;j yPTfspd; vz;zpf;if 96 ehl;fis tpQ;rf;$lhJ. 10:2 Nkw;Fwpg;gpl;l cg gpuptpd; fPo; fhyq;fle;j yPTfis toq;f KbtJ gpd;tUk; tplaq;fSf;fhf khj;jpuNkahFk;. cj;jpNahfj;jH RftaPdkiljy; FLk;g mtq;fj;jtH xUtH RftaPdkiljy;. FLk;g mtq;fj;jtH xUtH kuzpjj ; y; Nkw;Fwpg;gpl;l ahNjDk; xd;W njhlHghf ,lk;ngWfpd;w rka topghLfs; cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtupd; tpthf epfo;T cj;jpNahfj;jupd; tPlb ; y; cs;s xUtH njhw;WNehnahd;why; gPbf;fg;gly; cz;ikahfNt flikAld;; rk;ge;jg;glhj tof;F xd;wpw;fhf miog;ghiz xd;wpd;kJ P ePjpkd;wj;jpw;F rKfkspj;jy;. 10:3 fhyq;fle;j yPtpidg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;tjw;fhf rkHg;gpf;fg;gLk; tpz;zg;gg; gbtk; xd;wpNy mt;thW tpzz ; g;gpf;Fk; yPtpidf; Fiwj;Jf; nfhs;tjw;fhf ve;nje;j mLj;JWk; ,uz;L Mz;Lfs; gad;gLj;jg;gl Ntz;LnkdTk;> me;j ,uz;L Mz;LfspYk; kPjKs;s yPTfspd; vz;zpf;if vt;tsntdTk; njspthff; Fwpg;gply; Ntz;Lk;. 10:4 fhyq;fle;j yPtpid toq;Fk; NghJ me;j yPthdJ ve;nje;j Mz;Lfspd; yPTfs; rhh;ghf mDkjpf;fg;gl;Ls;snjd;gjid cj;jpNahfj;jupd; yPT mwpf;ifapy; Fwpg;gpLtjw;F jpizf;fsj; jiytH nghWg;ghjy; Ntz;Lk;. KOikahd yPtpidg; ngw;Wf;nfhz;ljd; gpd;dH Fwpj;j fhyg; gFjpia ,Wjpahff; Fwpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 10:5 fhyq;fle;j yPTfisf; Fiwg;gjw;fhfg; gad;gLj;jg;gLfpd;w ,uz;L tUl fhyg; gFjpf;Fupa yPTfspypUe;J mjw;F Kd;dUk; vitNaDk; fhyq;fle;j yPTfs; toq;fg;gl;bUg;gpd;> mit gw;wpa jfty;fisAk;; Fwpj;j tpz;zg;gj;jpy; Fwpg;gpLjy; Ntz;Lk;. 10:6 yPTfs; Kbtile;jjd; gpd;dH> murhq;fj;jpd; fPo; njhlh;eJ ; k; gzpahw;w
127

ePzl ; nthU fhyg; kPzL ; k; Nritf;Fj;

gFjpf;F jpUk;ghj

mj;jpahak; XII

cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F fhyk; fle;j yPT ngw;Wf; nfhLf;fg;glyhfhJ. fhyq;fle;j yPT ngw;Wf; nfhLf;fg;gl;l cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH kPzL ; k; Nritf;Fj; jpUk;ghJ Xa;TngWkplj;J my;yJ ahNjDk; xU fhuzj;jpdhy; fl;lha ,isg;ghwYf;Fl;gLj;jg;gLkplj;J my;yJ Nritf;F kPsj;jpUk;gpajd; gpd;dH> mtUf;F ngw;Wf; nfhLf;fg;gl;bUe;j fhyq;fle;j yPTf;Fupa fhyg; gFjpf;F Fiwahj fhyg; gFjpnahd;wpw;F Nritahw;Wtjw;F Kd;dH Xa;TngWkplj;J my;yJ Xa;T ngw itf;fg;gLkplj;J mt;thwhdnjhU cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F ngw;Wf; nfhLf;fg;gl;Ls;s fhyq;fle;j yPTfs; RftPdk; xd;Wf;fhf ngw;Wf;nfhLf;fg;gl;buhj xd;whftpUg;gpd; mjid miur; rk;gs yPthf khw;Wjy; Ntz;Lk;. 10:6:1 jpizf;fsj; jiyth; xUth; mt;thwhd midj;J re;jHg;gq;fspYk; Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jupd; ,isg;ghwy; Mtzq;fis mDg;Gtjw;F Kd;dH> jdJ nrayhsuplk; MNyhrid ngw;Wf;nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. 10:6:2 ,e;j cg gpuptpd; fPo; fhyq;fle;j yPTfis> miur; rk;gs yPthf khw;wpaikf;Fk; re;jHg;gj;jpy; Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;juplkpUe;J mwtplg;gl Ntz;ba miur; rk;gsj;ij mtUf;F nrYj;jg;gl Ntz;bAs;s ve;jNthh; Xa;T+jpa rk;gsj;jpypUe;Njh my;yJ> Xa;T+jpag; gbnahd;wpypUe;Njh jhgdg; gzpg;ghsH tpjpf;fpd;w gFjp gFjpfshf mwtPL nra;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 11. 11.

,isg;ghWiff;F Ke;jpa yPT

11:1 ,q;F 8 Mk; ge;jpapd; fPo; Xa;T yPTfis ngWtjw;F chpikAs;s murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth; Xa;T ngw mz;kpj;Js;s re;jHg;gj;jpy;> mt;thW Xa;TngWfpd;w NghJ kPjkhfTs;s Xa;T yPTfis 11.2 kw;Wk; 11.3 Mfpa cg gphpTfspy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sjd; gpufhuk; mtUf;F toq;f KbAk;. 11:2 cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUthpd; ,isg;ghWtjw;F Ke;jpa yPTfs; ahNjDnkhU gQ;rhq;f Mz;bNy Vg;uy; khjj;jpd; 01 Mk; jpfjpf;F Kd;duhd xU jpfjpapypUe;J Muk;gpf;Fk; gl;rj;jpy; mtuJ tpUg;gj;jpd; Nghpy;> xd;wpy; :- mjw;F Kd;ida Mz;Lf;fhf cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F kPjkhf cs;s rhjhuz Xa;T yPTfspd; vz;zpf;ifia kw;Wk; ,isg;ghWiff;F Ke;jpa yPT Muk;gpf;Fk; Mz;bNy me;j yPT Muk;gpg;gjw;F Kd;dh; gzpahw;wpAs;s xt;nthU khjj;jpw;fhfTk; Xa;T yPTfspd; vz;zpf;ifapy; 1/3 gFjp tPjkhd tpfpjrk yPT ehl;fspd; vz;zpf;ifia my;yJ mjw;F Ke;jpa ,uz;L Mz;Lfspy; cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F kPjkhfTs;s rhjhuz Xa;T ehl;fspd; vz;zpf;ifia mtUf;F toq;f KbAk;. 11:2:1 ,isg;ghWif Nehf;fpa yPT Muk;gpf;Fk; Mz;bNy cj;jpNahfj;jh; ahNjDnkhU Xa;T yPtpidg; ngw;wpUg;gpd; mJ ,e;j cg gphptpd; fPOs;s yPtpypUe;J Fiwf;fg;gLk;.
11:3 yPtpidg; ngw;W ,e;ehl;bypUe;J ntspNa nrd;W kPzL ; k; ehl;bw;Fs; tUif je;jjd; gpd;dh; xd;gJ khj Nritapid G+h;jj ; p nra;Js;s NghjpYk;> 18 khj Nritapid G+h;jj ; p nra;tjw;F Kd;dh; murhq;f NritapypUe;J Xa;T ngWk; cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUf;F gpd;tUkhW fzpg;gplg;gLfpd;w yPtpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;f KbAk;. mth; yPtpidg; ngw;W kPsj; jpUk;gpa Mz;bDs; Nritahw;wpAs;s xt;nthU khjj;jpw;fhfTk; mtuJ tUlhe;j Xa;T yPTfspypUe;J 1/9 vd;w tpfpj mbg;gilapy; mth; me;j Mz;bNy mJtiu ngw;Ws;s Xa;T yPTfisf; Fiwj;jjd; gpd;dh; kPjKs;s gFjpapdJk;; kw;Wk; mij mLj;J tUk; Mz;bw;fhf kPjKs;s rhjhuz Xa;T yPTfspdJk; $l;Lj;njhif ,isg;ghWiff;F Ke;jpa yPT Muk;gpf;Fk; jpdkhdJ mth; ,e;ehl;bw;F ntspNa yPtpy; ,Ue;Jtpl;L kPzL ; k; tUif je;j Mz;il mLj;JtUfpd;w Mz;L Vg;uy; khjk; 1 Mk; jpfjpf;F Ke;jpa xU ehshapd;> me;j Mz;bw;fhd yPtpidf; fzpg;gpl Ntz;baJ mt;thz;bNy Nritahw;wpAs;s xt;nthU KO khjj;jpw;Fkhf tUlhe;j Xa;T yPtpy; 1/3 vd;w tpfpjj;jpyhFk;. 128

mj;jpahak; XII

11:4 ,q;F 26 Mk; gphptpd; fPo; yPT toq;fg;gLk; rpw;W}opah; xUtUf;F my;yJ 27 Mk; gphptpd; fPo; yPT toq;fg;gLk; ehl; rk;gs mbg;gilapyhd cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtUf;F mth; Xa;T ngWk; re;jh;gg ; j;jpy; mt;thW Xa;T ngWk; Mz;bw;fhfTk;; mjDld; mjw;F Ke;jpa Mz;bw;fhfTk; Nkw;gb gphptpd; fPo; kPjKs;s gpzp yPTfis ,isg;ghWif Nehf;fpa yPTfshf toq;f KbAk;. mth; Xa;T ngWk; Mz;bNy Nritahw;wp ,Ug;gpd; me;j Mz;bw;fhf kPjKs;s rfy mka yPTfisAk; Nkw;gb yPTfSf;F Nkyjpfkhf mtUf;F toq;f KbAk;. 11:5 tpidj;jpwdw;w fhuzj;jpdhy; Xa;T ngwr; nra;fpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUf;F tpNrl fhuzq;fspd; kPJ ,isg;ghWiff;F Ke;jpa yPT toq;FtJ epahakhdjhf my;yJ nghUj;jkhdjhf mikAk; re;jh;gg ; q;fs; jtph;ej ; Vida re;jh;gg ; q;fspy; ,isg;ghWiff;F Ke;jpa yPtpidg; ngWtjw;F chpik fpilahJ. ,isg;ghWiff;F Ke;jpa yPtpid toq;FtJ epahakhdjhf my;yJ nghUj;jkhdjhf mikAk; re;jhg;g ; j;jpy; mJ gw;wp cWjp nra;J nfhs;tjw;fhd fhuzq;fisf;; fhl;b me;j yPTfSf;fhd tpz;zg;gg; gbtk; xd;wpid nrayhsUf;F mDg;Gjy; Ntz;Lk;. 11:6 jdJ gjtpapypUe;J Nfl;L tpyFtjw;fhd Mtzq;fis toq;fpAs;s cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUf;F me;j Mtzq;fis toq;fpa jpdj;jpypUe;J Xa;T yPT my;yJ mka yPT vjidAk; ngWtjw;F chpik fpilahJ.

12. 12.

tpNrl yPT

12:1 jpizf;fsj; jiytupd; jw;WzpGf;fpzq;f> Nritapd; mtru re;jHg;gq;fSf;Fl;gl;L> ; ,];yhk; rkaj;ijg; gpd;gw;Wk; mur cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F> jdJ rka topghLfspy; <LgLtjw;fhf nts;spf;fpoik ehl;fspy; gp.g. 12.15 Kjy; ,uz;L kzpj;jpahyq;fSf;F Nkw;glhj fhyj;jpw;F tpNrl yPnthd;wpidg; ngw;Wf;nfhLf;f KbAk;. 12:1:1 ,t;tpNrl yPT ngw;Wf;nfhLf;fg;gLtJ Njitg;gLkplj;J ,t;thW ngw;Wf;nfhLf;fg;gl;l tpNrl yPtpw;Fg; gjpyhf rhjhuz flik Neuj;jpw;Fg; Gwk;ghfg; gzpahw;Wjy; Ntz;Lnkd cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F tpjpf;f KbAnkd;w epge;jidapd; mbg;gilapyhFk;. 12:1:2 mj;jpahtrpa nghJrdg; gad;ghl;Lr; NritfspYk;> mtw;Wld; njhlHGila NritfspYk; <Lgl;Ls;s cj;jpNahfj;jHfSf;F ,t;Tjtp toq;fg;gLtJ mj;jifa ehnshd;wpy; mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jupd; Nrit mj;jpahtrpakhf fhzg;glhjtplj;J khj;jpuNk MFk;. 12:2 jpizf;fsj; jiytupd; jw;Wzpgpd; mbg;gilapy;; cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F mYtyf Neuj;jpDs; mDkjpf;fg;gl;l epWtdk; xd;wpy; eilngWfpd;w fw;if newpfspy; fye;J nfhs;tjw;fhf mDkjp toq;fg;gl KbAk;. mt;thW mYtyfj;jpw;F ntspNa nrytpLk; fhyj;ij yPthff; fUjf; $lhJ. vdpDk;> mt;thW toq;fg;gLk; KOf; fhyKk; xU ehisf;F xU kzpj;jpahyj;jpw;F Nkw;glyhfhJ. yPT fhykhdJ K.g. 9.30 kzpf;F mg;ghy; tputpr;; nry;yyhfhJ. mNjNghd;W gp.g. 3.15 kzpf;F Kd;dH Muk;gpf;fTk; $lhJ. Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;juplk; xg;gilf;fg;gl;Ls;s midj;J flikfs; njhlHghfTk; mtH nghWg;Gf; $Wjy; Ntz;Lk;. (,t;thW yPtpid ngw;Wf; nfhLg;gJ Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jupd; flikf;Fj; jilahf miktjhf fhzg;gLkplj;J mt;thwhd cjtpia cld; epWj;Jjy; Ntz;Lk;) xNu re;jHg;gj;jpy; ,t;thwhd yPtpidf; Nfhhp epw;fpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jHfspd; vz;zpf;if ngUkstpdjhf ,Uj;jyhfhJ.

129

mj;jpahak; XII

xt;Nthh; cj;jpNahfj;jUk; ,t;Tjtpapidg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;fhf rkHg;gpf;fpd;w fhuzq;fs; cjtp toq;fg;gLtjw;Fg; Nghjpadthf mike;jpUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. cj;jpNahfj;jH mYtyfj;jpw;F ntspNa nrytpLfpd;w; fhyj;jpw;F rkkhd fhynkhd;wpw;F mYtyf Neuj;jpw;Fg; Gwk;ghfg; gzpahw;Wjy; Ntz;Lnkd cj;jutpLkplj;J mt;thW gzpahw;Wtjhf Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jH cWjpnkhopaspj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 12:2:1 gjtp caHTfSf;fhf njhopw;rq;fnkhd;wpdhy; my;yJ eyd;Gup rq;fnkhd;wpdhy; my;yJ mur cj;jpNahfj;jHfspd; mikg;nghd;wpdhy; fw;ifnewpnahd;W elhj;jg;gLtij jpizf;fsj; jiyth; mDkjpj;jpUf;Fkplj;J mt;thwhd tFg;nghd;wpy; fye;J nfhs;Sk; cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F 12:2 Mk; gpuptpd; fPo; ngw;Wf;nfhLf;fg;gl;Ls;s rYifapid ePbg;gJ gw;wp Ml;Nrgid fpilahJ. 12:3 mka cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH cs;spl;l> murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F NjHjnyhd;wpd; NghJ thf;fspg;gjw;Fr; nry;tjw;fhf Njitg;gLfpd;wnjdf; fUjg;gLk; njhlHr;rpahd fhyj;jpw;F rk;gsf; Fiwg;ngJTkpd;wp tpNrl tpLKiw ngw;Wf; nfhL;ff ; g;gly; Ntz;Lk;. mt;thwhd tpNrl yPtpidg; ngw;Wf;nfhLf;ff; $ba Mff; Fiwe;j fhykhdJ gpd;tUkhW mikjy; Ntz;Lk;. rdhjpgjp NjHjy; ghuhSkd;wj; NjHjy; kf;fs; fUj;Jf; fzpg;G khtl;l mgptpUj;jp rigj; NjHjy;

4 4 4 2 2

kzpj;jpahyq;fs; kzpj;jpahyq;fs; kzpj;jpahyq;fs; kzpj;jpahyq;fs; kzpj;jpahyq;fs;

12:4 murhq;fk; mq;ff P hpj;j tpQ;Qhd my;yJ njhopy;rhH rq;fnkhd;wpdhy; my;yJ epWtdnkhd;wpdhy; rHtNjr khehL xd;wpd;NghJ ,yq;ifiag; gpujpepjpjJ ; tg;gLj;Jtjw;fhfj; NjHe;njLf;fg;gl;l murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH mjw;fhf ntspehL nry;tjid murhq;fk; mDkjpf;Fkhapd;> mt;thwhdnjhU cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F KOr; rk;gsj;Jldhd yPtpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhLg;gjw;F nrayhsnuhUtUf;F KbAk;. ,e;j cg gpuptpd; gzpfSf;fhf murhq;fk; mq;ff P hpj;j tpQ;Qhd my;yJ njhopy;rhH rq;fk; vd;gjd; %yk; fUjg;gLtJ> murhq;fj;jplkpUe;J tUlhe;jk; cjtpj; njhifapidg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;fpd;w epWtdq;fs; my;yJ rq;fq;fs; vdg; nghUs;gLk;. khehL eilngWk; fhyg;gFjpAk;> gazpg;gjw;Fj; Njitahd Mff; Fiwe;j fhyg;gFjpAk; me;j tpNrl yPtpy; cs;slf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 12:5 tpisahl;Lf;fspy; my;yJ tpisahl;Lf;fSld; njhlHGila Vida gzpfspy; <LgLfpd;w murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F gpd;tUk; vr;re;jh;gg ; j;jpYk; KOr; rk;gsj;Jldhd tpNrl yPtpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhLj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. mjhtJ mtH> (m) ,yq;ifapy; my;yJ ntspehL xd;wpy; ahNjDnkhU tpisahl;by; ,yq;ifapidg; gpujpepjpj;Jtg;gLj;Jfpd;w xU tPuuhf NjHe;njLf;fg;gLkplj;J> ,yq;ifapy; my;yJ ntspehL xd;wpy; Njrpa tpisahl;L mzpnahd;wpd; cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtuhf gzpahw;Wk; re;jHg;gj;jpy;> rHtNjrg; Nghl;b xd;wpy; fye;J nfhs;tjw;F mz;kpj;j ehl;fspy; gapw;rpKfhnkhd;wpy; gq;Fgw;Wtjw;fhf
130

(M) (,)

mj;jpahak; XII

(<)

tpisahl;L tplaj;Jf;Fg; nghWg;ghd mikr;rpdhy; mDkjpaspf;fg;gl;Ls;s gapw;rpaspj;jy; kw;Wk; eLtHfshfg; gazpahw;Wjy; njhlHghd rhtNjr khehL xd;wpy; my;yJ gapw;rpnewp xd;wpy; fye;J nfhs;tjw;fhf

12:6 mt;thwhd murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F gpd;tUk; ve;jnthU re;jh;gg ; j;jpYk; jpizf;fsj; jiytupd; jw;Wzpgpd; mbg;gilapy; Nkw;gb yPtpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;f KbAk;. (m) Njrpa tpisahl;L tPuH xUtuhf tpisahl;Lj;Jiw mikr;R Vw;Wf;nfhz;L rhjhuz gapw;rp Kfhnkhd;wpy; fye;J nfhs;tjw;fhf nry;Ykplj;J> ,yq;if mur Nritfs; tpisahl;Lr; rq;fk; xd;wpdhy; Vw;ghL nra;ag;gLfpd;w cs;ehl;L Nghl;bnahd;wpy; fye;J nfhs;fpd;wtplj;J> mt;thwhdnjhU Nghl;bapd; flikahw;Wkplj;J NghJ Nghl;b eLtH xUtuhff;

(M) (,)

12:7 njhopw;rq;f cWg;gpdH xUtH XXV Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s yPT rYiffisg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;F jFjpAilatuhthH. 12:7:1 njhopy; jpizf;fsj;jpdhy; elhj;jg;gLfpd;w Copah; fy;tpg; ghlnewpnahd;wpy; fye;J nfhs;fpd;w njhopwr ; q;f cWg;gpdH xUtUf;Fk; me;j tpupTiu eilngWk; ehl;fspy; tpNrl yPT toq;fg;gl KbAk;. 12:8 rpy Neha;fspdhy; gPbf;fg;gl;Ls;s murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jHfSf;F XXIII Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sthW yPtpidg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;tjw;F cupikAz;L. 12:9 njhw;W Nehnahd;W njhw;wpAs;s xUth; Gwj;njhJf;fp itf;fg;gl;Ls;s ; re;jHg;gj;jpy; mJ njhlh;ghf mt;thwhd xUtUf;F ngw;Wf; nfhLf;f Ntz;ba yPT KOr; rk;gsj;Jldhd tpNrl yPthff; fUjg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. (XXVIII Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; 13:1:2 Mk; cg gpuptpidg; ghHf;fTk;) 12:10 ,yq;if itj;jpa rq;fj;jpd;> ,yq;if nghwpapay; epWtdj;jpd; kw;Wk; ,yq;if tpQ;Qhd tpUj;jpr; rq;fj;jpd; mq;fj;jpdh; xUtiu jpizf;fsj;jpd; gzpfSf;Fj; jilnahd;whf mikahjthW tpLtpf;f KbAkhapd; me;epWtdq;fspd; tUlhe;j fUj;juq;Ffspy; fye;J nfhs;s mtUf;F mq;ff P hukspf;f KbAk;.mjw;fhf Nritf;F tuhj fhyj;ij mtuJ rhjhuz tpLKiwfspypUe;J Fiwf;ff; $lhJ. ,t;tplaj;jpw;fhf mtUf;F ,ytr Gifapuj Mizr; rPlb ; id toq;f KbAkhapDk; Ntnwe;j gpuahzr; nrytpdKk; nrYj;jg;glf; $lhJ. 12:11 Neha;jn ; jhw;Wj; jLg;Gf; fhg;Gld; njhlHGila rj;jpu rpfpr;ir xd;wpw;F cl;gLj;jg;gLk; murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F> jhd; Neha;jn ; jhw;Wf; jLg;Gf;fhg;gpw;F cl;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;sjhf gjpTnra;ag;gl;l kUj;Jt cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtuplkpUe;J ngw;Wf;nfhs;sg;gLk; rhd;wpjo; xd;wpid rkHg;gpf;Fk; re;jHg;gj;jpy; khj;jpuk; gpd;tUkhW tpNrl yPT ngw;Wf; nfhLf;fg;gl KbAk;. Neha;jn ; jhw;Wj; jLg;Gf;fhg;Gf;fhf (hpAngf;lkp;ff ; hf) ngz; xUtUf;F 7 ehl;fs; yPT Neha;jn ; jhw;Wj; jLg;Gf;fhg;Gf;fhf (thnrf;lkpf;fhf) Mz; xUtUf;F 3 ehl;fs; yPT
131

mj;jpahak; XII

,j;jhmDgtpg;gjw;fhd yPT :chpa Mz;bYk; jdJ KO Nritf;fhyj;jpYk; gad;gLj;jg;glhky; vQ;rpAs;s Xa;T(jpuz;l kw;Wk; fhyq;fle;j) yPTfSf;Fg; gjpyPlhf murhq;f NritapYs;s K];ypk; ngz;nzhUtUf;F ,j;jh| mD\;bg;gjw;fhf 4 khjq;fs; 10 ehl;fis jhz;ljthW yPtpid toq;f KbAk;. ,e;ehl;fisj; jhz;ba yPT fhyk; rk;gskw;w yPthjy; Ntz;Lk;. 12:13 Nrth tdpjh cWg;gpdH xUtuhd murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F Nrthtdpjh $l;lq;fspy; fye;J nfhs;tjw;fhf khjk; xd;wpw;F xU kzpj;jpahy yPtpid toq;Fjy; Ntz;Lk;. ;

12:12

13. 13. flik yPT


13:1 khehL xd;wpy; fye;J nfhs;sy;> nghUl; nfhs;tdT my;yJ toq;fy; njhlh;ghd fye;Jiuahly;> nghUl;fs; kw;Wk; cgfuzq;fisg; guPlr ; pj;jy;> xg;ge;jq;fspy; ifr;rhj;jply; Nghd;w murhq;f eltbf;iffSf;F khj;jpuk; vtNuDNkhh; mur cj;jpNahfj;jh; ntspehL xd;wpw;F mDg;Gg;gLkplj;J> Fwpj;j flikapy; <LgLfpd;w fhyg; gFjpf;Fk;> gazj;jpw;F vLf;fg;gLfpd;w fhyg; gFjpf;Fk; flik yPitg; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;f KbAk;. 13:2 flikf;fhf miof;fg;gLfpd;w NghJ my;yJ tUlhe;j gapw;rp Kfhk;fspy; my;yJ thu ,Wjp ehl;fspy; ,lk;ngWfpd;w gapw;rp Kfhk;fspy; my;yJ Aj;jg; gapw;rp tFg;Gf;fspy; fye;J nfhs;SkhW fl;lisaplg;gLfpd;w NghJ ,yq;if ,uhZtj;jpy; my;yJ flw; gilapy; my;yJ tpkhdg; gilapy; my;yJ njhz;lH gilapy; tPuH xUtuhf gzpahw;Wfpd;w murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F flik yPitg; ngw;Wf; nfhLj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 13:3 flik xd;wpw;fhf miof;fg;gLkplj;J my;yJ gapw;rp Kfhk; xd;wpy; fye;J nfhs;SkhW gzpf;fg;gLkplj;J tpNrlnghyp]; cg Nrit mq;fj;jth; xUtuhd murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F flik yPT toq;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 13:4 xOf;fhw;W tprhuiz xd;wpd;NghJ Fw;wk; rhl;lg;gw;w cj;jpNahfj;jH xUth; rhHghf M[uhtjw;F mDkjpaspf;fg;gl;Ls;s cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F> mt;tprhuizapy; fye;J nfhs;sr; nry;tjw;fhf flik yPit toq;Fjy; Ntz;Lk;. mt;thNw me;j tprhuizAld; njhlHGila Mtzq;fisg; guPlr ; pg;gjw;fhfTk; Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F Nghjpa fhyg; gFjpf;F flik yPit toq;Fjy; Ntz;Lk;. jpizf;fsj; jiytupD}lhf miof;fg;gLfpd;w cj;jpNahfG+Ht rhl;rpahsnuhUtUf;Fk; mt;thwhd tprhuizapy; fye;J nfhs;tjw;fhf flik yPtpid toq;Fjy; Ntz;Lk;. 13:4:1 epajpr;rl;l rignahd;wpd;/$l;Lj;jhgdnkhd;wpd; rl;l jpll ; q;fspd; fPo; elhj;jg;gLfpd;w xOf;fhw;W tprhuiz xd;wpd;NghJ mt;thwhd xU epWtdj;jpd; Fw;wk; rhl;lg;gl;l CopaH xUth; rhHghf M[uhtjw;F mDkjpf;fg;gl;Ls;s murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F me;j tprhuizf;Fr; nry;tjw;fhf flik yPit toq;Fjy; Ntz;Lk;. mt;thNw me;j tprhuizAld; njhlHGila Mtzq;fisg; guPlr ; pg;gjw;fhfTk; Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F Nghjpa fhyg; gFjpf;F flik yPit toq;Fjy; Ntz;Lk;. ,t;thW mDkjp toq;fg;gl Ntz;baJ mjw;fhd tpz;zg;gk; epWtdj; jiyt&lhf rkh;gg ; pf;fg;gl;bUe;jhy; khj;jpuNkahFk;. mt;thW cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth; rhh;ghf M[uhtjw;fhd mq;ff P huk; me;epWtdj;jpd; epUthf tplag; gug;gpw;Fs; tUfpd;w tplaq;fSf;F kl;Lg;gLj;jg;gLk;. ,q;F XIV mj;jpahaj;jpd; 29: 8 Mk; gpupthdJ Nkw;Fwpg;gpl;l murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH njhlh;ghf Vw;Gilj;jha; mikahj NghjpYk; mtUf;F Fwpj;j epWtdj;jplkpUe;J gpuahzr; nrytpidg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;s KbAk;.

132

mj;jpahak; XII

13:5 jdJ gjtp epiyapd; fPo; ePjpkd;wk; xd;wpw;F miof;fg;gLkplj;Jk;> <Lgl;Ls;s flikapd; epkpj;jk; ePjpkd;wj;jpy; M[uhf Ntz;ba re;jHg;gj;jpYk;> ePjpkd;wj;jpw;Fr; nry;tjw;fhf cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F flik yPit toq;f KbAk;. murhq;f rhl;rpahsH xUtuhf ePjpkd;wj;jpw;F nry;tjw;Fk; murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F flik yPit toq;f KbAk;. 13:6 jhd; njhopw;rq;f cWg;gpdH xUtuhf fUj;juq;nfhd;wpy; fye;J nfhs;tjhapd; my;yJ me;jf; fUj;juq;fhdJ jhd; gzpahw;Wk; jpizf;fsj;jpd; tplag; gug;gpDs; mlq;Fkhapd; cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F fUj;juq;fpy; fye;J nfhs;tjw;fhf flik yPit toq;f KbAk;. 13:7 mgptpUj;jp rig Jiz mYtyfk; xd;wpy; Nghrfuhf epakpf;fg;gl;Ls;s fpuhNkhja rignahd;wpd; jiytuhff; fhzg;gLk; murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH> mg;NghrfH gjtpia tfpf;Fk; fhyk; tiu mtUf;F thuj;jpw;F xUehs; flik yPit mDkjpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.

14. 14. KOr; rk;gsj;Jldhd fw;if yPT


14:1 fw;iff; fhyg; gFjpf;F my;yJ gapw;rpf; fhyg; gFjpf;F (kw;Wk; gazpg;gjw;Fj; Njitahd Mff; Fiwe;j fhyg; gFjpf;F) cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F ntspehL xd;wpy; my;yJ cs;ehl;bNy KOr; rk;gsj;Jld; $ba fw;if tpLKiwahdJ gpd;tUk; re;jHg;gq;fspy; khj;jpuk; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 14:1:1 murhq;fr; nrytpy; cupa jifikfisg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;tjw;fhf mDkjpf;fg;gl;l jpizf;fsg; gapw;rp Kiwiknahd;wpd; my;yJ Gyikg; guprpy; Kiwik xd;wpd; fPo; mtH NjHe;njLf;fg;gl;Ls;s re;jHg;gj;jpy;> 14:1:2 ,q;F XV Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; 1:5:3 Mk; cg gpuptpd; gpufhuk; murhq;f Ntz;LNfhspd; kPJ ngw;Wf;nfhs;sg;gl;l Gyikg; guprpy; xd;wpw;fhf mtH nry;Yk; re;jHg;gj;jpy;> 14:1:3 jdJ gjtpAld; rk;ge;jg;gl;l Ml;NrHg;G/ gjtpAaHT eilKiwapd; gpufhuk; fw;if/ gapw;rp ghlnewp xd;wpw;fhf murhq;fj;jpd; my;yJ ntspehl;L murhq;fnkhd;wpd; my;yJ KftH epWtdnkhd;wpd; nrytpy; mtH ntspehL nry;Yk; re;jHg;gj;jpy; ; 14:1:4 jpizf;fs gapw;rp Ntiyj; jpl;lk; xd;wpDs; cs;slf;fg;gl;Ls;sJk;> mtuJ njhopy;rhH fhyg; gFjpapDs; fw;gjw;fhf toikahf murhq;f nrytpy; mth; ntspehl;bw;F mDg;gg;gl Ntz;b ,Uf;fpd;wJkhd> fw;if my;yJ gapw;rp ghlnewp xd;wpw;fhf ntspehl;L KftH epWtdnkhd;wpdhy; my;yJ ntspehl;L murhq;fk; xd;wpdhy; toq;fg;gLfpd;w Gyikg; guprpy; xd;W XV Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; 1:5:1 my;yJ 1:5:2 cg gpupTfspd; gpufhuk; mtuJ Kaw;rpapdhy; ngw;Wf;nfhs;sg;gl;Ls;s re;jHg;gj;jpy;> 14:1:5 ntspehl;L murhq;fk; xd;wpdhy; my;yJ KftH epWtdk; xd;wpdhy; elhj;jg;gLfpd;w nraykHnthd;wpy;> gapw;rp newpnahd;wpy;> njhopy;El;gg; gapw;rp newpnahd;wpy;> njhopyr ; hH MNyhridg; ghlnewpnahd;wpy;> fy;tpr; Rw;Wyhnthd;wpy; fye;J nfhs;tjw;fhf; vdpDk; mjw;fhf G+uz rk;gsj;Jldhd fw;if yPtpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;f KbtJ chpa miog;ghdJ ,yq;if murhq;fj;jpw;F tpLf;fg;gl;bUe;J> mjpy; fye;J nfhs;tjw;fhf me;j cj;jpNahfj;jH murhq;fj;jpdhy; ngauplg;gl;LkpUe;jhy; khj;jpuNkahFk;. 14:2 jw;fhypf cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F KOr; rk;gsj;Jld; $ba fw;if tpLKiwapidg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;tjw;F cupik fpilahJ. jFjpfhz; fhyj;jpy;
133

mj;jpahak; XII

gzpahw;Wk; cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;Fk; 14:1:3 Mk; cg gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s re;jHg;gq;fs; jtpu Vida re;jh;gg ; q;fspy; KOr; rk;gsj;Jld; $ba fw;if yPtpidg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;tjw;F cupikapy;iy> vt;thwhapDk;> ,e;j mj;jpahaj;jpd; 14.4 kw;Wk; 14.5. Mfpa gpupTfspYk; kw;Wk; XV mj;jpahaj;jpd; 4 Mk; gpuptpYk; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s Vw;ghLfs; gpd;gw;wg;gl;Ls;sdntd tplaj;jpw;Fg; nghWg;ghd nrayhsh; jpUg;jpailAkplj;J> jFjpfhz; fhyj;jpy; cs;s cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtiu mtH gzpahw;Wfpd;w flik njhlh;ghfg; gapw;rp ngWtjw;F ntspehL xd;wpw;F mDg;g KbAk;. 14:3 ,e;jg; gpuptpd; Vw;ghLfspd; fPo> ; murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F KOr; rk;gsj;Jld; $ba fw;if yPtpid ngw;Wf; nfhLf;f nrayhsUf;F KbAk;. 14:3:1 ,ize;j Nritf;Fhpa cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH njhlHgpy; nghJ epUthf mikr;rpd; nrayhsupd; Kd; mDkjpapidg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. 14:3:2 mikr;nrhd;wpd;; fPo; mlq;fhj jpizf;fsk; xd;wpd; jiytUf;F jdJ jpizf;fsj;jpy; gzpahw;Wfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH njhlh;ghf mt;thwhd yPtpidg; ngw;Wf;nfhLf;f mDkjpAz;L. jdJ gad;ghl;bw;fhf mt;thwhd jpizf;fsj; jiytH xUtUf;F KOr; rk;gsj;Jldhd fw;if yPT Njitg;gLfpd;w re;jHg;gj;jpy;> mtH mJgw;wp nghJ epUthf mikr;rpd; nrayhsUf;F tpz;zg;gk; xd;wpidr; rkHg;gpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 14:3:3 ,q;F 14:1:1 Kjy; 14:1:5. tiu fhzg;gLfpd;w cg gpupTfspy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s tiffspy; mlq;fhj KOr; rk;gsj;Jldhd fw;if yPTfs; njhlh;ghd tpz;zg;gq;fis jhgdg; gzpg;ghsuplk; rkHg;gpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 14:4 KOr; rk;gsj;Jldhd yPtpidg; ngw;Wf;nfhz;l cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH mt;thW yPtpy; nry;tjw;F Kd;dH xg;ge;jk; xd;wpy; ifr;rhj;jpLkhW mtUf;F gzpj;jy; Ntz;Lk; (XV Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; 4 Mk; gpuptpidg; ghHf;fTk;) 14:5 ,q;F XV Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; 10 Mk; gpuptpd; fPo; rdhjpgjp/ gpujk mikr;rupd; mDkjp ngwg;gl;Ls;sjhf yPtpidg; ngw;Wf;nfhLg;gjw;F Kd;dh; yPtpid mDkjpf;Fk; mjpfhup jpUg;jpailjy; Ntz;Lk;. 14:6 KOr; rk;gsj;Jldhd cs;ehl;L fw;if tpLKiwf;fhf fl;lha Nritf; fhyj;jpidf; fzpg;gpLk; NghJ gpd;tUtd ftdj;jpy; nfhs;sg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. MW khjk; my;yJ Nritf;fhynkhd;W ,y;iy. mjpYk; Fiwe;j fhyg;gFjpf;fhf fl;lha

MW khjj;jpw;F Nkw;gl;l fhyg;gFjp njhlHgpy; fl;lha Nritf; fhykhf yPT ngWk; fhyj;ijg; Nghd;W ,Uklq;F fhyk; fhzg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. Mff; Fiwe;j fl;lha Nritf; fhykhdJ xU tUlkhf fhzg;gLtJld;> Mff; $baJ Ie;J tUlq;fshFk;. fl;lha Nritf; fhyj;jpidf; fzpg;gpLk; NghJ mz;kpj;j KO khjk; xd;wpw;Ff; fzpg;gpLjy; Ntz;Lk;.

15. 15. rk;gskw;w cz;zhl;L fw;if yPT


15:1 epue;jukhf;fg;gl;l murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F cs;ehl;by; Fwpj;j fw;ifnewp xd;wpidj; njhlUtjw;fhf rk;gskw;w fw;if yPtpid ngw;Wf;nfhs;s cupikAz;L. mjw;fhd Fwpj;j ghlnewpahdJ jpizf;fsj; jiytupdhy; mDkjpf;fg;gl;L gpd;tUk; tplaq;fSld; cWjpg;gLj;jg;gl;bUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. m. Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jH cj;Njr ghlnewpapid njhlUtjw;F jifik ngw;Ws;shH vd>
134

mj;jpahak; XII

M. ,.

mJ mthpd; Fwpj;j JiwAld; njhlHGilanjd> jdJ flikapid Nkw;nfhs;Sk; NghJ mJ mtUf;F gaDs;sjhf mikAnkd

15:2 mt;thwhd yPtpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhLg;gJ cj;jpNahfj;jH gzpahw;Wfpd;w mYtyf Neu fhyg; gFjpapDs; mq;ff P hpf;fg;g ; l;l xU epWtdj;jpdhy; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLfpd;wJk; yPtpidg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;shky; mtUf;F mjpy; fye;J nfhs;s KbahjJkhd xU ghlnewpnahd;iw njhlh;tjw;F khj;jpuNkahFk;. 15:2:1 guPli ; rnahd;Wf;F Maj;jkhtjw;fhf my;yJ tPlb ; y;> thrpfrhiyapy; my;yJ Ma;T$lk; xd;wpy; Ma;T my;yJ Muha;rr ; p eltbf;iffis Nkw;nfhs;tjw;fhf rk;gskw;w fw;if tpLKiwapid ngw;Wf;nfhLf;ff; $lhJ. 15:3 mt;thW toq;fg;gLfpd;w rk;gskw;w tpLKiwahdJ Kjy; Kiwapy; xU tUlj;ij tplTk; mjpfupj;jy; MfhJ. vdpDk; NjitNaw;gbd; gpd;dH xU jlitf;F xU tUlj;jpw;F Nkw;glhjthWk; nkhj;j yPT fhyk; %d;W tUlq;fSf;F Nkw;glhjthWkhd tpjj;j;py; fhyj;jpw;Ff;fhyk; ePbf;fr; nra;a KbAk;. 15:4 xU khjj;jpw;F Nkw;gl;l rk;gskw;w fw;if tpLKiwapidg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;fpd;w midj;J cj;jpNahfj;jHfSk; jkJ yPT fhyk; Kbtile;jjd; gpd;dH murhq;f Nritf;F kPsj; jpUk;GtjhfTk;> jhk; ngw;Wf;nfhz;l rk;gskw;w KO yPtpidAk; Nghd;W ,Uklq;F fhyg; gFjpf;F murhq;fj;jpw;F Nritahw;WtjhfTk; xg;ge;jk; xd;iwr; nra;J nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. 15:5 xg;ge;jj;jpw;fhfg; gad;gLj;jf;$ba khjpupg; gbtq;fs; 8 Mk; gpd;dpizg;gpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s gbtj;jpw;F rkkhdjhf mikjy; Ntz;Lk;. jhgdg; gzpg;ghsH ehafj;jpd; Kd;dDkjpapd;wp ,e;jg; gbtj;jpid khw;Wjy; $lhJ. 15:6 Vw;fdNt mDkjpf;fg;gl;l yPT fhyk; ePbf;fg;gLfpd;w vy;yhr; re;jHg;gq;fspYk; xg;ge;j ; j;jpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s fl;lha Nritf; fhyj;ijAk;> jz;lg; gzj;ijAk;> mjw;F tpfpj rkkhd Kiwapy; mjpfupf;fr; nra;jy; Ntz;Lk;. Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;l tpfpj rkkhd jpUj;jq;fs; gw;wp cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F mwptpj;J mjw;fhd mtuJ mDkjpapidAk; Mtzj;jpy; ngw;Wf;nfhz;L me;jf; fbjj;ij xg;ge;jj;Jld; ,izj;J itj;jpUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 15:7 xg;ge;jj;jpd; fPo; fl;lha Nritf; fhyg; gFjpapDs; gzpahw;Wtjw;F Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jH jtWkplj;J> fl;lha Nritf; fhyj;jpid Nritahw;whJs;s xt;nthU khjj;jpw;fhfTk;> cj;jpNahfj;jH Nritia tpl;L tpyFk; re;jHg;gj;jpy; ngwg;gl;Lte;j khjr; rk;gsj;jpy; 1/3 gFjp vd;w tifapyhd jz;lg; gzj;jpw;F mtH cl;gLj;jg;gLthH. 15:8 ,g;gpuptpd; fPo; mikr;rpd; nrayhsNu yPtpid mDkjpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. mikr;nrhd;wpd; fPo; tuhj jpizf;fsq;fs; njhlh;gpy; chpa jpizf;fsj;jpd; jiytH mDkjpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. ,ize;j NritAld; njhlHGila cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH njhlh;ghfntdpd; nrayhsH> ,ize;j Nritfs; gzpg;ghsH / nghwpapayhsH Nritfs; rigg; gzpg;ghsH Clhf nghJ epUthf mikr;rpd; nrayhsUf;F tpz;zg;gj;jpid rkHg;gpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 15:9 rk;gskw;w fw;if yPthdJ ahNjDnkhU Fwpjj ; fw;ifg; ghlnewpf;fhf khj;jpuNk toq;fg;gLk;. rk;gskw;w fw;if yPtpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhz;ljd; gpd;dH cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH> yPtpid mDkjpjj ; mjpfhupapd; Kd;dDkjpapd;wp jdJ fw;if newpapid khw;wNth my;yJ mjd; fhyj;ijf; Fiwf;fNth my;yJ yPT fhyg; gFjpia NtW ahNjDnkhU gzpapy; <LgLj;jNth $lhJ.

135

mj;jpahak; XII

15:10 cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F ahNjDnkhU fld;njhif my;yJ Kw;gzk; nrYj;jg;gl;bUg;gpd; mjw;fhd khjhe;j jtizapid mwtpl;Lf; nfhs;tjw;Fg; nghUj;jkhd Vw;ghLfis Nkw;nfhs;tjw;F jpizf;fsj; jiytH mtUf;F rk;gskw;w yPtpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhLg;gjw;F Kd;dH eltbf;if vLj;jy; Ntz;Lk; 15:10:1 ntspehl;by; njhopy; Guptjw;fhf rk;gskw;w yPtpw;fhf tpz;zg;gpf;fpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH mtUf;F yPT mDkjpf;fg;gLtjw;F Kd;dH fld; njhifapid KOikahf kPsr; nrYj;Jjy; Ntz;Lk;. (XXIV Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; 3.18.1. Mk; gpuptpidg; ghHf;f) 15:11 cj;jpNahfj;jH yPtpy; nry;tjw;F Kd;dH XV Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; 10 Mk; gpuptpd; fPo; gpujk mikr;rupd; mDkjp fpilf;fg;gl;Ls;sik njhlh;ghf yPtpid mDkjpf;fpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jH jpUg;jpailjy; Ntz;Lk;. 15:12 cj;jpNahfj;jH yPtpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s xg;ge;jj;jpy; Ntz;Lk;. nry;tjw;F Kd;dH 15.4 Mk; cg gpuptpy; ifr;rhj;jpLkhW mtUf;F cj;jutplg;gLjy;

16. 16. ntspehl;Lf; fw;iff;fhd kw;Wk;/ my;yJ njhopy; Guptjw;fhd rk;gskw;w yPT
16:1 epue;jukhf;fg;gl;l murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F> fw;if my;yJ ntspehl;Lj; njhopy; tha;gG ; ,d;Nwy; mit ,uz;bw;Fkhf (mjhtJ fw;ifapd; gpd;dH njhopnyhd;Nwh my;yJ mjw;F kWjiyahfNth) jdJ Nritf; fhyj;jpDs; Ie;J tUl fhyg; gFjpf;fhf rk;gskw;w tpLKiw toq;fg;gl KbAk;. vdpDk; xU njhlHr;rpahd fhyg;gFjp %d;W tUlq;fis jhz;lf; $lhJ. (,e;Nehf;fj;jpw;fhf %d;W tUlq;fSf;F Nkw;gl;l ve;jnthU fhyg; gFjpAk;> ,yq;ifapy; gzpahw;Wfpd;w Mff; Fiwe;j xUkhj Nritf; fhyg; gFjpapdhy;; Kwpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;) epue;jukhf;fg;glhj my;yJ jw;fhypf cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F ,r;rYifahdJ fw;if eltbf;iffSf;fhf khj;jpuNk toq;fg;gl KbAk;. 16:2 rk;gskw;w ntspehl;Lf; fw;if yPTfs; njhlh;ghf jpizf;fsj; jiytH gpd;tUkhW cWjpg;gLj;Jjy; Ntz;Lk;.
(i)

(ii) (iii)

gapw;rp/ fw;if jpizf;fs eltbf;iffis cupa Kiwapy; Mw;Wtjw;fhf my;yJ Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jupd; gjtp cah;Tr; rhj;jpag;ghl;Lf;F Njitg;gLtjhf> ,g;gzpf;fhf Gyikg; guprpy; eilKiwfs; jpizf;fsj;jpy; fhzg;gLtjpy;iynad ,jw;fhd trjpfs; cs;ehl;by; ,y;iynad

16:2:1 ,e;j yPthdJ mq;ff P hpf;fg;gl;l epWtdnkhd;wpy; epue;jug; ghlnewp xd;wpidj; njhlUtjw;fhf khj;jpuNk ngw;Wf; nfhLf;fg;gLk;. 16:3 jpizf;fsj; jiyth; ,t;Ntw;ghLfspd; fPo; ntspehl;L fw;if yPTfSf;fhd mDkjpg; gj;jpuk; xd;W njhlh;ghf mtjhdk; nrYj;j Kd;dH> nryhtzpf; fl;Lg;ghl;lhshplk; ,Jgw;wpf; Nfl;lwpe;J fw;if tpLKiwf;fhf tpz;zg;gpj;jtUf;F mjw;Fj; Njitahd me;epar; nryhtzp fpilf;Fnkd jpUg;jpailjy; Ntz;Lk;. 16:4 fw;if eltbf;iffSf;fhfNth my;yJ fw;iff; fhyg; gFjpnahd;W cs;slf;fg;gl;Ls;s re;jHg;gnkhd;wpNyh yPT ngw;Wf; nfhLf;fg;gLk; re;jHg;gj;jpy;> fw;if yPtpd; KOf; fhyg; gFjpf;Fk; my;yJ mjd; xU gFjpf;F gjpyPL nra;ag;gLk; tifapy; ,e;j mj;jpahaj;jpd; 17 Mk; gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sthW rk;ghjpj;j yPTfSf;fhf Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jH cupikngWfpd;whH. rk;ghjpj;j yPT fhyg; gFjpahdJ fl;lha Nritnahd;wpd; fPo; tuhjNghjpYk; mjid ,e;jg;
136

mj;jpahak; XII

gpuptpd; fPo; toq;fg;gLfpd;w nkhj;j yPT cupikfspd; xU gFjpahff; fzpj;jy;; Ntz;Lk;. 16:5 yPT toq;fg;gLtJ fw;if eltbf;iffSf;fhfntdpd; 9 Mk; gpd;dpizg;gpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sthWk;> njhopnyhd;Wf;fhfntdpd; 10 Mk; gpd;dpizg;gpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sthWk; Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jH xg;ge;jk; xd;wpy; ifr;rhj;jpLjy; Ntz;Lk;. fw;if kw;Wk; njhopy;Gupjy; vd;w ,U Nehf;fq;fSf;fhfTk; yPT ngw;Wf;nfhLf;fg;gLk; re;jHg;gj;jpy; gad;gLj;jg;gl Ntz;ba khjpupg; gbtkhdJ II Mk; gpd;dpizg;gpd; gpufhuk; mikjy; Ntz;Lk;.
T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T

16:6 jw;fhypf my;yJ epue;jukhf;fg;glhj cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F yPtpidg; ngw;Wf;nfhLf;Fk; NghJ 09 Mk; gpd;dpizg;gpy; fhzg;gLk; xg;ge;jj;jpw;F Nkyjpfkhf> XV Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; 4.2 Mk; cg gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sthW Kwp xd;wpYk; ifr;rhj;jpLjy; Ntz;Lk;. 16:7 Nkw;gb Vw;ghLfspd; gpufhuk; toq;fg;gLfpd;w yPTfs; rk;gs Vw;wq;fs; njhlh;ghf ftdj;jpy; nfhs;sg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. ,t;thwhd cj;jpNahfj;jH xUth; kPs ehl;bw;F jpUk;gpajd; gpd;dH> mtH mt;thW ntspehl;bw;F nry;yhjtplj;J> milag; ngw;wpUe;j rk;gsg; gbKiwapy; itf;fg;gl KbAk;. vt;thwhapDk;> mt;thW ngw;Wf; nfhLf;fg;gl Ntz;baJ mth; rk;gskw;w tpLKiw fhyg;gFjpapDs; nghJthf mtuJ rk;gs Vw;wq;fis toq;Ftjw;Fj; jilahf mikaf; $ba tplaq;fs; mjhtJ Ntiyfs; kw;Wk; elj;ijfs; vd;gd njhlh;ghf mtuJ rk;gs Vw;w mDkjpia toq;Fk; mjpfhupf;F Kiwg;ghLfs; fpilf;fg;ngwhj re;jHg;gj;jpy; khj;jpuNkahFk;. 16:8 vt;thwhapDk; ,g;gpuptpd; fPo; toq;fg;gLfpd;w Xa;T+jpa fzpg;gl P b ; w;fhf ftdj;jpw;nfhs;sf; $lhJ. yPT fhyg; gFjpapid ngw;Ws;s Vw;gLfpd;w ftdj;jpy;

16:9 ,g;gpuptpd; fPo; toq;fg;gLfpd;w rk;gskw;w yPTfisg; cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtiu me;j rk;gskw;w yPT fhyg; gFjpapDs; ahNjDnkhU ntw;wplj;jpw;fhf my;yJ gjtp caHTf;fhf nfhs;sf;$lhJ.

16:10 gjtp caHTf;fhd jifikahf Ml;NrHg;G eilKiwapy; Mff; Fiwe;j Nritf; fhynkhd;W epHzapf;fg;gl;bUf;Fkhapd;> Fwpj;j me;j Mff; Fiwe;j fhyj;jpidf; fzpf;Fk; NghJ ,t;thW rk;gskw;w tpLKiwf;fhf toq;fg;gl;l fhyj;jpidr; Nrh;ff ; f; $lhJ. 16:11 Ml;NrHg;G eilKiwapy; gjtp caHTf;fhf ftdj;jpy; nfhs;Sk; jifikfshf ahNjDnkhU rk;gs mstpid mila Ntz;Lk; vdf; Fwpg;gplg;gl;bUg;gpd;> Nkw;gb> 16:7 Mk; cggpuptpd; fPo; toq;fg;gLk; ahNjDnkhU rk;gs Vw;wj;ijg; gjtp caHTf;fhd rk;gs Vw;wj;jpd; NghJ ftdj;jpy; nfhs;sf; $lhJ. 16:12 16:9> 16:10 kw;Wk; 16:11 Mfpa cg gpupTfspy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s Vw;ghLfs; 16:2 Mk; gpuptpd; fPo; rk;ghjpj;j yPTfshf ftdj;jpy; nfhs;sg;gLk; ve;jnthU yPtpYk; cs;slf;fg;glyhfhJ. 16:13 cj;jpNahfj;jHfis tpLtpg;gjw;fhf xt;Nthh; mikr;R/ jpizf;fsk; jj;jkf;nfdj; jdpahd eilKiwfisj; jahupj;Jf; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. NkYk;> xt;Nthh; cj;jpNahfj;jiuAk; tpLtpg;gJ Nritapd; Njitg;ghl;bw;Fk;> Fwpj;j mikr;rupd; mDkjpf;Fk; cl;gl;bUf;Fk;. 16:14 NkNy 16:1 cg gpuptpd; gpufhuk; rk;gskw;w yPTf;fhf cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtuplkpUe;J tpz;zg;gk; xd;W fpilf;fg;ngWkplj;J me;j tpz;zg;gk; njhlHghf Fwpj;j mikr;rupd; tpUg;gj;ijj; njhptpj;J mDg;Gk; fbj;jpy; mikr;rpd; nrayhsH jdpg;gl;l Kiwapy; ifr;rhj;jpLjy; Ntz;Lk;.
137

mj;jpahak; XII

16:15 fl;lha Nritf; fhykhdJ cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH ngw;Wf;nfhz;l rk;gskw;w yPtpidg; Nghd;W ,Uklq;fhf ,Uj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. vt;thwhapDk; cj;jpNahfj;jupd; rk;gskw;w yPT Muk;gpf;fpd;w re;jHg;gkhFk; NghJ G+Hj;jp nra;Js;s epue;ju kw;Wk; Xa;T+jpa cupj;Jila Nritnahd;wpd; xt;nthU G+uz Mz;bw;fhfTk; xU khjk; tPjk; gpd;tUk; epge;jidfspd; fPo; fl;lha Nritf;fhyj;jpypUe;J Fiwj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.
(i)

(ii)

,f; Fiwg;ig Nkw;nfhs;sNtz;baJ> rk;gskw;w tpLKiwapidg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;shj tUlq;fSf;F khj;jpuk; kl;Lg;gLj;jg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. kw;Wk;> Mff; Fiwe;j fl;lha Nritf; fhykhdJ xU tUlkhf mikjy; Ntz;Lk;.

17. 17. rk;ghjpj;j yPT


17:1 15 Mk; kw;Wk; 16 Mk; gpupTfspd; fPo; rk;gskw;w fw;if yPtpidg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;tjw;Fhpj;Jila cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F> mjw;Fg; gjpyhf my;yJ mjd; xU gFjpf;fhf rk;ghjpj;j yPTfs; ,Ug;gpd; mtw;wpidg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;s KbAk;. 17:2 ,g;gptpupd; gzpfSf;fhf khj;jpuk; rk;ghjpj;j yPT gpd;tUkhW mikjy; Ntz;Lk;. 17:2:1 cgepiy cj;jpNahfj;jH xUth; njhlh;ghf: ,e;ehl;by; fopg;gjhapDk; my;yJ ntspehl;by; fopg;gjhapDk;; rk;ghjpj;j yPT vDk; gjk;> eilKiw Mz;by; kw;Wk; mjw;F Kd;ida Mz;by; kPjkhfTs;s Xa;T yPTfs; kw;Wk; mLj;JWk; ,uz;L Mz;Lfspy; vQ;rpAs;s fhyq;fle;j Xa;T yPTfs; vd;gtw;wpidf; Fwpf;fpd;wJ. 17:2:2 gjtpepiy cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH njhlHghf: ntspehL xd;wpy; fopg;gjw;fhfntdpy; rk;ghjpj;j yPT vDk; gjk; elg;G Mz;L kw;Wk; mjw;F Kd;ida ,uz;L Mz;Lfspy; kPjKs;s Xa;T yPTfisAk;. 21:4:1 Mk; cg gpuptpd; fPohd kPjKs;s khw;wg;gl;l miur; rk;gs yPTfisAk;; cs;slf;Fk;. ,J MWkhjfhy cr;r vy;iyf;F cl;gl;ljhFk;. 17:2:3 tpLKiwahdJ ,yq;ifapy; fopf;fg;gLkhapd;> gjtpepiy cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtupd; rk;ghjpj;j yPT vDk; gjk; %yk;; fUjg;gLtJ 17:2:1 Mk; cg gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sthW kPjKs;s Xa;T yPTfs; kw;Wk; fhyq;fle;j yPTfs; vd;gdthFk;. my;yJ 17:2:4 ,q;F 8:3 Mk; cg gpuptpd; fPo; chpj;jhfpd;w Xa;T yPTfs; kw;Wk; 21:4:1> 21:4:3 Mk; cg gpupTfspd; fPo; mtUf;Fhpj;jhd khw;wg;gl;l miur; rk;gs yPTfs; vd;gdthFk;. vdpDk; mt;thW toq;fg;gLfpd;w fhykhdJ %d;W khjj;jpw;F Nkw;glyhfhJ. 17:2:5 khw;wg;gl;l miur; rk;gs yPTfisg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;tjw;F Kd;dH eilKiw Mz;by; kw;Wk; mjw;F Ke;jpa ,uz;L Mz;Lfspy; gad;gLj;jhj Xa;T yPTfs; fhzg;gbd; mtw;wpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;.

18. 18. gpurt yPT


18.1 tpthfkhdjd; gpd;dh; NritapypUe;J ,isg;ghw Ntz;ba ngz; cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUf;F rl;lhPjpahd tpthfkpd;wp fpilf;Fk; Foe;ijnahd;W njhlh;ghf ,g;gphptpd; fPo; gpurt yPT chpik fpilahJ. 18.2 xd;gJ khjj;jpw;Ff; Fiwahj Nritf;fhyk; xd;wpidf; nfhz;Ls;s Vida rfytpj ngz; cj;jpNahfj;jh;fSf;Fk; KOr; rk;gsj;Jldhd 06 thu
138

mj;jpahak; XII

yPnthd;W fpilf;fg; ngWtJld;> Foe;ij gpurtpj;J 4 thuq;fs; foptjw;F Kd;dh; kPzL ; k; flikf;F rKfkspg;gjw;F ,lkspf;fg;glkhl;lhJ. 18.3 vt;thwhapDk; 09 khjq;fs; Mff; Fiwe;jJ Nritahw;wp ,y;yhj ngz; cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUf;F mtuJ Nritf;fhyk; kw;Wk; 09 khj fhyk; vd;gtw;wpw;F ,ilapyhd tpfpjj;jpw;F Vw;g KOr; rk;gsj;Jldhd tpfpjhrhu yPT toq;f KbAk;. 18.4 gpurt yPtpid fzpgg ; pLk; NghJ me;j yPT fhyg; gFjpapDs;Ns tUfpd;w murhq;f tpLKiw> rdp kw;Wk; QhapW ehl;fs; vd;gtw;wpid mjDs; Nrh;jj ; y; Ntz;Lk;. 18.5 Mrphpia xUth; > jw;fhypf ngz; cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth;> ehl;rk;gsk; ngWk; cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth;> mka ngz; cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth;> my;yJ rpw;W}opah; xUth; jtph;ej ; NtnwhU ngz; cj;jpNahfj;jh; njhlh;gpy; ,e;j KOr; rk;gsj;Jldhd MW thufhy gpurt yPtpid cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F chpj;Jila jpuz;l yPtpypUe;J(mjhtJ> fle;j Mz;bd; Xa;T yPtpy; ,Ue;J) kw;Wk; 10 MtJ gphptpd; fPo; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s fle;j fhy Xa;T yPTfspy; ,Ue;J vitNaDk; kPjkhf ,Ug;gpd; mtw;wpypUe;J fopj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. Fwpj;j ngz; cj;jpNahfj;jh; gpurtj;jpw;fhf yPT vLj;j Mz;bw;Fhpa Xa;T yPTfspypUe;J me;j yPTfisf; Fiwf;ff; $lhJ. KOr; rk;gsj;Jldhd MW thu nkhj;j gpurt yPTfspy; jpuz;l kw;Wk; my;yJ fhyq;fle;j yPTfspypUe;J Fiwf;f Kbahnjdpd; mjpy; kPjkhFk; gFjpapid> me;j Mz;bw;fhf Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F chpj;Jila rhjhuz yPtpw;F NkyjpfkhfTs;s KOr; rk;gsj;Jldhd tpNrl yPnthd;whff; fUJjy; Ntz;Lk;. 18.6 Mrphpia xUth;> jw;fhypf ngz; cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth;> ehl; rk;gsk; ngWk; ngz; cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth;> mka cj;jpNahfj;jH xUth; my;yJ rpw;W}opah; xUth; njhlh;gpyhapd;> KOr; rk;gsj;Jldhd 06 thufhy gpurt yPtpid> Mz;bw;Fhpa rhjhuz yPtpw;F Nkyjpfkhf KOr; rk;gsj;Jldhd tpNrl yPnthd;whff; ftdj;jpw; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;.

19. ; rfSf;Fj; Njhw; 19. murhq;fg; guPli Njhw;Wtjw;fhd yPT


19:1 tpidj;jpwd;fhz; jilg; guPli ; r Nghd;w guPli ; r xd;wpw;Fj; Njhw;Wtjw;Fs;s cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F> mtH mg;guPli ; rf;F Kjy; Kiwahfj; Njhw;Wtjhapd; khj;jpuk; Fwpg;gpl;l guPli ; r fhyg; gFjpf;fhf flik yPtpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;f KbAk;. gazr; nrytpid kPse ; pug;Gr; nra;tjw;Nfh my;yJ ahNjDNkhH ,ize;j nfhLg;gdtpidg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;tjw;Nfh mtUf;F cupikapy;iy. Kjy; Kiwapy; Fwpj;j guPli ; rapy; rpj;jpngw Kbahky; NghFkplj;J> gpd;dH mjw;fhff; Njhw;Wfpd;w vr;re;jHg;gj;jpYk; mtUf;Ff; flik yPT toq;fg;glyhfhJ. guPli ; rapd; xt;nthU ghlj;jpw;fhfTk; jdpj;jdpahf Njhw;Wfpd;w re;jHg;gj;jpy;> mt;thwhd xU ghlj;jpw;F Kjy; Kiwahf Njhw;Wfpd;w re;jHg;gj;jpy; khj;jpuk; flik yPitg; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;f KbAk;.

20. 20.

fl;lha yPT
flikfis Mw;WtJ nghJ ed;ikf;F NtW ahNjDnkhU tpNrl fhuzj;jpdhy; jdpg;gl;l Kiwapy; me;j cj;jpNahfj;jiu

20:1 cj;jpNahfj;jH xUth; xj;Jtuhnjd kUj;Jt my;yJ fUjg;gLkplj;J> epakd mjpfhup fl;lha yPtpy; mDg;g KbAk;.

20:2 me;j yPtpid Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jupd; vQ;rpa yPTfs; ,Ug;gpd; mtw;wpypUe;J Kjypy; Fiwj;Jf; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. cj;jpNahfj;jupd; vQ;rpa yPTfs; Kbtile;jjd; gpd;dH toq;fg;gLfpd;w yPtpid KOr; rk;gsj;Jldhd yPnthd;whff; fzpg;gpLjy; Ntz;Lk;.

139

mj;jpahak; XII

21. 21.

miur; rk;gs yPT

21:1 cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F> jdJ nrhe;j Xa;T yPTfs; Kbtile;jjd; gpd;dH ahNjDnkhU RftPdk; fhuzkhf NkYk; yPT Njitg;gLk; re;jHg;gj;jpy;> gpd;tUk; xOq;Ftpjpfspd; fPo; mtUf;F miur; rk;gs yPit toq;f KbAk;. 21:2 ,e;jg; gpuptpd; fPo; toq;fg;glf; $ba Mff; $ba miur; rk;gs yPtpd; msthdJ cj;jpNahfj;jupd; KO Nritf; fhyj;jpy; 1/6 gq;fhf mikAk;. 21:3 miur;rk;gs yPT rhjhuzkhf xNu Kiwapy; gd;dpnuz;L khjfhyj;jpw;Ff; $Ljyhf toq;fg;glf; $lhJ. 21:4 gjtpepiy cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH njhlHgpy;> 8:3 Mk; cg gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s mtuJ jpuz;l yPTfs; Kbtile;jjd; gpd;dH> Nritapd; mtruj; Njitg;ghl;bw;Fl;gl;l tifapy;> ; ehl;bw;F ntspNa fopf;f ; pd;w yPTfSf;fhf mtUf;F Nkw;$wpa miur; rk;gs yPit toq;f KbAk;. 21:4:1 mj;jifa gjtpepiy cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtupd; Ntz;LNfhspd; gpufhuk;> mtUf;Fs;s nkhj;j miur; rk;gs yPTf; fhyg; gFjpiaANkh my;yJ mjpy; xU gFjpiaNah KOr; rk;gsj;Jld; $ba mjd;; miuthrpf;F khw;Wtjw;F yPit mDkjpf;fpd;w mjpfhupf;F jdJ jw;WzpGf;F Vw;g khj;jpuk; KbAk;. 21:4:2 ,q;F 21:4:3 Mk; cg gpuptpy; fhl;lg;gl;Ls;s Vw;ghLfSf;fikaNt xopa ,yq;ifapy; fopg;gjw;fhf khw;wg;gl;l miur; rk;gs yPit toq;ff; $lhJ. 21:4:3 vdpDk; gpd;tUk; epge;jidfspd; fPo; ntspehl;L yPTfSf;Fg; gjpyhf ,yq;ifapy; nrytpLtjw;fhf khw;wg;gl;l miur; rk;gs yPit toq;f KbAk;. Xa;T yPTfs; kw;Wk; mt;thW mDkjpf;fg;gl;l khw;wg;gl;l miur; rk;gs yPTfs; cs;spl;l nkhj;j yPTf; fhyk; %d;W khjj;ijj; jhz;lf; $lhJ. NkYk;> eilKiw Mz;bd; kw;Wk; mjw;F Kd;ida ,uz;L Mz;Lfspd; Xa;T yPTfs; kPjkpUg;gpd;> mtw;wpid khw;wg;gl;l miur; rk;gs yPTfisg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;tjw;F Kd;dH gad;gLj;Jjy; Ntz;Lk;. 21:4:4 yPtpy; ,Uf;fpd;w NghJ cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH Xa;T ngWkplj;J my;yJ mtH njhlHe;Jk; NritapypUg;gJ jilg;gLkplj;J mtH ,Wjpahfg; gzpahw;wpa jpfjpapd; gpd;dH ngw;Wf;nfhz;l khw;wg;g ; l;l miur; rk;gs yPTfs; vitNaDkpUg;gpd;> mjw;fhf mth; ngw;Wf;nfhz;l miur; rk;gsj;jpid kPsr; nrYj;Jtjw;Ff; fl;Lg;gl;Ls;shH. 21:5 RftPdnkhd;W fhuzkhf murhq;f kUj;Jt cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtuplk; ngw;Wf;nfhz;l rhd;wpjo; xd;wpd;kJ P cgepiy cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F ,yq;ifapy; fopg;gjw;fhf 21:2 Mk; cg gpuptpd; fPo; mtUf;F cupj;jhd vy;iy tiu miur; rk;gsj;jpd; kPJ yPit toq;f jpizf;fsj; jiytUf;F KbAk;. vdpDk; mt;thW toq;fg;gLfpd;w yPTfs; vr;re;jHg;gj;jpYk; xNu jlitapy; 12 khjq;fisj; jhz;lf; $lhJ. 21:6 jdJ epakdj;jpw;nfd Fwpj;njhJf;fg;gl;Ls;s rk;gsj;jpw;F Nkyjpfkhf jdJ gjtpf;F cupj;jpy;yhjJk;> jdf;Fj; jdpg;gl;l Kiwapy; toq;fg;gLfpd;wJkhd VNjDnkhU gbiag;; ngWfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH>
140

mj;jpahak; XII

miur; rk;gsj;jpd; kPJ yPit vLf;fpd;w re;jHg;gj;jpy; mtUf;F me;j jdpg;gl;l gbapy; miug; gFjpia khj;jpuNk ngw;Wf; nfhs;s KbAk;. 21:7 xU tUlj;jpy; Muk;gpj;J mLj;j ; tUlk; tiuapy; njhlHe;J nry;Yfpd;w miur; rk;gs yPT ,ilaPbyh fhykhff; fUjg;gl;L mj;jifa KOf; fhyg;gFjpAk; miur; rk;gs yPthf fUj;jpy; nfhs;sg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 21:8 miur; rk;gs yPT fhyg; gFjpapd; gpd;dH KOr; rk;gsj;Jldhd xa;T yPT toq;fg;gl KbahJ. vdpDk;> KOr; rk;gsj;Jldhd Xa;T yPTf; fhyg;gFjpiaj; njhlh;eJ ; miur; rk;gs Xa;T yPit toq;f KbAk;. 21:9 miur;rk;gs yPT fhyg;gFjpapd; miuthrp kl;LNk Nritf; fhykhf fUjg;gLk;. 21:10 miur; rk;gs fhyg; gFjpapDs; tUfpd;w rdpf;fpoik> Qhapw;Wf; fpoik kw;Wk; mur tpLKiw ehl;fs; vd;gd miur; rk;gs yPT ehl;fshff; fzpg;gplg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 21:11 toq;fg;gl;l miur; rk;gs yPTfs; njhlHghd jfty;fis jpizf;fsj; jiyth; nghJ 96 gbtj;jpy; Fwpj;J fzf;fha;thsH ehafj;jpw;F khjhe;jk; mwpf;ifaply; Ntz;Lk;. ,ize;j Nrit cj;jpNahfj;jHfs; njhlHgpy; mt;thwhdnjhU mwpfi ; f nghJ epUthf mikr;rpd; nrayhsUf;Nfh my;yJ ,ize;j Nritfs; gzpg;ghsUf;Nfh re;jh;gg ; j;jpw;Nfw;wthW mDg;gg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. NtW tplaq;fs; vd;w tplaj;jpd; fPo; RftPdj;jpid rhd;WWjpg;gLj;Jfpd;w kUj;Jtupd; ngaH kw;Wk; mtuJ rhd;wpjopy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s jpfjp vd;gtw;wpidAk; Fwpg;gpLjy; Ntz;Lk;. ntw;W mwpf;iffis mDg;g Ntz;ba mtrpakpy;iy> vdpDk;> fle;j mwpf;if mDg;gg;gl;l jpfjpf;Fg; gpd;duhd khjq;fSf;F mDg;gg;gLtjw;F mwpf;iffs; vitAk; ,Uf;ftpy;iynad;gjid mLj;j mwpf;ifapy; Fwpg;gpl;lhjy; Ntz;Lk;.

22. 22. rk;gskw;w yPT


22:1 kpfTk; mtru jdpg;gl;l fhuzq;fSf;fhfNth my;yJ murhq;f kUj;Jt cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtupd; rhd;wpjopd; %yk; cWjpg;gLj;jg;gLfpd;w Rfhjhuf; fhuzq;fSf;fhfNth cs;ehl;bNy fopg;gjw;fhf> jpizf;fsj; jiytupd; jw;Wzpgpd;; mbg;gilapy; %d;W khjq;fSf;F Nkw;glhj fhyj;jpw;F rk;gskw;w yPit toq;f KbAk;. vt;thwhapDk;> me;j yPtpid ngw;Wf; nfhLf;f Ntz;baJ cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F yPit mDkjpg;gjd; %yk; jpizf;fsj;jpd; eltbf;iffSf;F ,ilA+W VJk; Vw;glhnjd jpizf;fsj; jiytH jpUg;jpailAkplj;J khj;jpuNk MFk;. 22:1:1 kpf tpNrl re;jHg;gq;fspy; chpa nrayhsupd; mDkjpAld; ehl;bw;F ntspNaAk; mt;thwhd yPTfisf; fopf;f KbAk;. 22:2 rk;gskw;w yPTfis toq;f Ntz;baJ kPjKs;s KOr; rk;gsj;Jldhd yPTfs; kw;Wk; miur; rk;gs yPTfs; midj;Jk; Kbtile;jjd; gpd;dNuahFk;. 22:3 rk;gskw;w yPTf; fhyg;gFjp xd;wpDs; tUfpd;w rdp> QhapW kw;Wk; mur tpLKiw jpdq;fis rk;gskww;w yPT ehl;fshf fzpg;gply; Ntz;Lk;. 22:4 rfy rk;gskw;w yPTfs; njhlh;ghd cupa jfty;fis nghJ 96 gbtj;jpy; Fwpg;gpl;L fzf;fha;thsH ehafj;jpw;F khjhe;jk; mwptpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. ,ize;j Nrit cj;jpNahfj;jHfs; njhlHgpyhd mj;jifa mwpf;iffis nghJ epUthf mikr;rpd; nrayhsUf;F my;yJ ,ize;j Nritfs; gzpg;ghsH ehafj;jpw;F re;jh;gg ; j;jpw;Nfw;wthW mDg;Gjy; Ntz;Lk;. gbtj;jpy; NtW tplaq;fs; vd;w tplaj;jpd; fPo; RftPdj;jpid rhd;WWjpg;gLj;Jk; kUj;Jtupd;
141

mj;jpahak; XII

ngaH kw;Wk; mtuJ rhd;wpjopy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s jpfjp vd;gtw;wpidAk; Fwpg;gpLjy; Ntz;Lk;. ntw;Wmwpf;iffis mDg;g Ntz;ba mtrpakpy;iy> vdpDk;> fle;j mwpf;if mDg;gg;gl;l jpfjpf;Fg; gpd;duhd khjq;fSf;F mDg;gg;gLtjw;F mwpf;iffs; vitAk; fhzg;gltpy;iynad vd;gjid mLj;j mwpf;ifapy; Fwpg;gpl;lhjy; Ntz;Lk;. 22:5 ,q;F 22.1 cg gpuptpd; fPo; mtru jdpg;gl;l tplak; xd;whf fUjg;gl;L jdpg;gl;l fw;if eltbf;iffSf;fhf yPT toq;fg;glf; $lhJ. mt;thwhd yPTfs; 15 Mk; gpuptpd; fPohd Vw;ghLfspd; gpufhuk; khj;jpuNk ngw;Wf; nfhLf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 22:6 mur Nritf;Fg; Gwk;ghd Nritnahd;wpw;fhf rk;gskw;w tpLKiwapd; mbg;gilapy; cj;jpNahfj;jHfis tpLtpf;f Ntz;baJ V Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; 2.2 Mk; kw;Wk; 2.4 Mk; cg gpupTfspd; gpufhuk; khj;jpuNkahFk;.. 22:7 mgptpUj;jp rignahd;wpd; epiwNtw;Wf; FO cWg;gpdnuhUtUk;> mgptpUj;jp rigapd; KONeuf; flikfs; kw;Wk; gzpfis epj;jk; Ghpfpd;wtUkhd murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F mtH epiwNtw;Wf; FOtpy; gjtp tfpf;Fk; fhyg;gFjpf;fhf khj;jpuk; rk;gskw;w yPit toq;f KbAk;.

23. 23.

jPtpw;F ntspNa fopf;fTs;s yPT

23:1 jPtpw;F ntspNa fopf;fTs;s yPTf; fhyj;jpw;fhd tpz;zg;gj;ij nghJ 126 gbtj;jpy; G+Hj;jp nra;J> jpizf;fsj; jiyt&lhf me;j yPTfis mDkjpf;fpd;w mjpfhhpf;F rkHg;gpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 23:2 chpa jpizf;fsj; jiyth; kw;Wk; mikr;rpd; nrayhsh; MfpNah&lhf rkh;g;gpf;fg;gLfpd;w tpz;zg;gnkhd;wpd; kPJ> ,ize;j Nritnahd;Wf;Fhpa cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtUf;F jPtpw;F ; ntspNa fopg;gjw;fhd yPT nghJ epUthf mikr;rpd; nrayhshpdhy; mDkjpf;fg;gLk;. mikr;nrhd;wpd; fPo; tuhj jpizf;fsnkhd;W njhlh;ghapd; me;j yPT chpa jpizf;fsj;jpd; jiythpdhYk;> mj;jifa jpizf;fsj;jpd; jiythpd; yPT tpz;zg;gq;fs; nghJ epUthf mikr;rpd; nrayhshpdhYk; mDkjpf;fg;gLk;. 23:3 gjtpepiy cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH jPtpw;F ntspNa fopf;fTs;s yPT (mjhtJ 21.4.1 Mk; cg gpuptpd; fPo; KOr; rk;gsj;Jldhd yPTfSf;F khw;wg;gl;l miur; rk;gs yPTfspypUe;Njh my;yJ 21.4 Mk; cg gpuptpd; fPo; miur; rk;gs yPTfspypUe;Njh G+uzg;gLj;jg;gl;l 8.3 Mk; cg gpuptpd; fPohd jpuz;l Xa;T yPTfs;) kUj;Jtf; fhuzq;fs; Nghd;w tpNrl fhuzq;fs; vitAk;; rkHg;gpf;fg;gl;buhtplj;J MW (06) khjq;fisj; jhz;lf; $lhJ.. tpNrl fhuzq;fs; Kd;itf;fg;gl;Ls;stplj;J MW khjq;fis tplf; $ba fhyj;jpw;F yPtpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhLg;gjw;F nghJ epUthf mikr;rpd; nrayhsuJ mDkjp; ngwg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. mt;thwhd re;jHg;gq;fspy; xd;wpy; MW (06) khjj;jpw;Ff; $Ljyhf toq;fg;gLfpd;w yPT fhyk; Njitf;Nfw;g miur; rk;gs my;yJ rk;gskw;w yPthftpUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 23:3:1 tpNrl fhuzq;fs; rkh;g;gpf;fg;gl;Ls;stplj;J cgepiy cj;jpNahfj;jHfSf;F elg;G Mz;bNy kPjkhfTs;s Xa;T yPTfs; kw;Wk; Kd;ida Mz;bd; jpuz;l yPTfs; vd;gtw;wpid ehl;Lf;F ntspNa fopg;gjw;fhfg; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;f KbAk;. Kiwahd kUj;Jtr; rhd;wpjo;fs; %yk; cWjpg;gLj;jg;gLfpd;w RftPdq;fSf;fhf mjw;F Nkyjpfkhf fhyq;fle;j yPtpidAk; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;f KbAk;. 23:4 ,q;F 23.4.1 Mk; cg gpuptpw;Fl;gl;L; vtNuDk; cj;jpNahfj;jH xUth; ehd;F (04) tUlfhy Nritf; fhyj;jpidg; G+Hj;jp nra;fpd;w tiu ehl;bw;F ntspNa fopg;gjw;fhf mtUf;F ,e;jg; gpuptpd; fPo; nghJthf yPtpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;ff; $lhJ. mt;thNw cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F ntspehl;by; fopg;gjw;fhf
142

mj;jpahak; XII

kPzL ; k; ePzl ; fhy yPnthd;wpid mDkjpg;gjhapd;> mtH mjw;F Kd;dH ntspehl;bNy yPnthd;wpidg; G+Hj;jpnra;J kPzL ; k; ehl;Lf;F jpUk;gpa jpdj;jpypUe;J ehd;F tUlq;fSf;F Nkw;gl;l fhyk; fle;jpUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 23:4:1 vt;thwhapDk;> 23.4 Mk; cg gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s Nritf; fhyj;jpw;F Fiwe;j fhyk; Nrit nra;Js;s cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;Fk; $l> RftPdnkhd;wpw;fhfNth my;yJ NtNwNjDk; mtru jdpg;gl;l fhuznkhd;wpw;fhfNth mj;jifa yPtpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;f KbAk;. vdpDk;> mt;thwhd yPtpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;f KbtJ Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F me;j yPT Njitnad yPit mDkjpf;fpd;w mjpfhup jpUg;jpg;gl;lhy; khj;jpuNkahFk;. RftPdnkhd;W njhlHghapd;> Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jupd; Rfepiy kw;Wk; ntspehL xd;wpy; mjw;fhd rpfpr;irapidg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;fhd Njit vd;gd mur kUj;Jt mjpfhup xUtuhNyh my;yJ yPit mDkjpf;fpd;w mjpfhupapdhy; Ntz;lg;gLkplj;J kUj;Jt rig xd;wpdhNyh cWjpg;gLj;jg;gl;bUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. mtru jdpg;gl;l fhuzq;fSf;fhf mj;jifa yPtpw;fhf tpz;zg;gpf;fpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH> mf; fhuzq;fisj; jdJ jpizf;fsj; jiytupD}lhf yPitg; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;Fk; mjpfhupf;F (jhd; tpUk;gpd; ,ufrpakhd Kiwapy;) tpghpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 23:5 jPtpw;F ntspNa fopf;fg;gLfpd;w yPnthd;iw mDkjpf;fpd;w NghJ> mDkjpf;fpd;w mjpfhhp> mt;thW yPit mDkjpf;fpd;w fbjj;jpd; gpujpnahd;iw gpujk ke;jphpapd; nrayhsUf;F mDg;gp itj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. yPT vjw;fhf mDkjpf;fg;gLfpd;wnjd mjhtJ Xa;T yPnthd;W> Rw;Wyhnthd;W> fUj;juq;nfhd;W vd;w tifapy; fbjj;jpy; Fwpg;gplg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 23:5:1 ,q;F 23.5.2 Mk; cg gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s re;jHg;gnkhd;W jtpHe;j> Vida re;jh;gg ; q;fspy; jdf;Fg; gjpyhff; flikahw;Wtjw;F epakpf;fg;gl;Ls;s cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F my;yJ jpizf;fsj; jiytupdhy; mjpfhukspf;fg;gLfpd;w gpw cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F> jpizf;fsj; jiyth; xUth; njhlh;ghapd; Fwpj;j nrayhsupdhy; mjpfhukspf;fg;gLfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F> jdJ nghWg;gpy; cs;s mur Mjdq;fis kPsf; ifaspf;Fk; tiu cj;jpNahfj;jH xUth; jhd; flikGupfpd;w ,lj;jpypUe;J ntspNa nry;yyhfhJ. 23:5:2 murhq;f epjpapid xg;gilj;J mLj;JtUgthplkpUe;J gw;Wr;rl P n ; lhd;wpidg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;s Ntz;ba re;jHg;gj;jpy;> mthpd; tUif jhkjkhFkplj;J> jdJ mYtyfj;jpy; gzpahw;Wfpd;w gjtpepiy cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F me;j epjp kw;Wk; mJ njhlh;ghd fzf;F tof;Ffis xg;gilf;f KbAk;. mjidg; ngw;Wf;nfhz;l cj;jpNahfj;jH yPtpy; nrd;w cj;jpNahfj;jiu mLj;J tUgtH te;jTld; mtw;wpid mtuplk; xg;gilj;J mjidg; ngw;Wf;nfhz;likf;fhd fbjk; xd;wpidAk; mtuplkpUe;J ngw;Wf;nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. 23:6 jdJ gjtpf;Fhpa flikfis xg;gilj;J ehd;F ehl;fSf;F Nky; fle;jpUf;fhtpbd;> Fwpjj ; cj;jpNahfj;jH jPtpypUe;J ntspNawpa jpfjp Kjy; yPT Muk;gpf;Fk;. vdpDk;> jPtpy;; ,Ue;J ntspNaWk; jpdj;jpYk; cj;jpNahfj;jH gzpahw;wpapUg;gpd; Fwpj;j yPthdJ mjw;F mLj;j ehspy; ,Ue;Nj Muk;gpf;Fk;. 23:7 cj;jpNahfj;jH xUth; yPtpidg; ngw;W ntspehL nry;tjw;F Kd;dH> yPTf; fhyg;gFjpapDs; jdJ rk;gsj;ij tq;fpf; fzf;nfhd;wpy; itg;Gr; nra;tjw;Nfh my;yJ jd;dpy; jq;fptho;fpd;w xUtUf;F/ jhd; ngaH Fwpg;gpLfpd;w xUtUf;F ngw;Wf;nfhLg;gjw;Nfh nghUj;jkhd Ntiyj; jpl;lnkhd;wpid chpa jpizf;fsj; jiytUld; ,ize;J Nkw;nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. ,t;tplaj;jpw;fhf ep.gp. 269 y;; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sthW xt;nthU khjj;jpd; ,WjpapYk; jdJ jpizf;fsj; jiytUf;F gpd;tUk; Mtzq;fisr; rkHg;gpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.

143

mj;jpahak; XII

cj;jpNahfj;jH capUld; tho;tjhf nghWg;G tha;ej ; egH xUtupdhy; mj;jhl;rpg;gLj;jg;gl;l t ; ho;Tr; rhd;wpjo; kw;Wk; nfhLg;gdtpw;fhf Kj;jpiunahd;wpd; kPJ ifr;rhj;jplg;gl;l gw;Wr;rl P n ; lhd;W (Fwpj;j Kj;jpiuahdJ 50 rjk; ngWkjpAila ,yq;ifapd; tUkhd Kj;jpiunahd;whff; fhzg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;) 23:8 cj;jpNahfj;jH chpa ehl;il nrd;wile;jjd; gpd;dH jhd; mt;thW tUif je;jik gw;wp me;ehl;bNy ,yq;ifj; J}jufk; xd;wpUg;gpd; mjw;Fk;> ,y;iynadpy; ,yq;if murhq;fj;jpd; mDkjpf;fg;gl;l KftHfspUg;gpd; mtHfSf;Fk; jdpg;gl;l Kiwapy; my;yJ fbjnkhd;wpd; %yk; mwptpj;J jdJ Kftupia my;yJ jdf;Ff; fbjk; mDg;gg;gl Ntz;ba nghWg;G tha;ej ; egH xUtupd; Kftupia mwptpj;jy;; Ntz;Lk;. Fwpj;j KftupahdJ ahNjDk; xU fhuzj;jpdhy; khw;wkilapd; mJ gw;wpAk; cld; mwptpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. NkYk; Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jh; jdJ KftupiaAk; Kftup khw;wkilAkhapd; mk;khw;wk; gw;wpAk; jdJ jpizf;fsj; jiytUf;F mwptpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. mjpfhup xUthpdhy; mDg;gg;gLfpd;w fbjnkhd;W mk; Kftupf;F jhkjkpd;wpf; fpilf;fhjtplj;J mj;jhkjj;jhy; Vw;glf; $ba tpisTfis Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jNu nghWg;Ngw;wy; Ntz;Lk;. 23:9 cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH yPtpy; ntspehl;by; jq;fpAs;s NghJ xU thuk; my;yJ mjw;F Nkw;gl;l fhyg;gFjp RftPdkilAkplj;J> mJgw;wp me;ehl;by; ,yq;if J}jufnkhd;wpUg;gpd; mjw;Fk; J}jufk; ,y;yhjtplj;J ,yq;if murhq;fj;jpdhy; mDkjpf;fg;gl;l KftHfspUg;g ; pd; mtHfSf;Fk; mwptpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. cj;jpNahfj;jH njhlh;rr ; pahf RftPdkile;jhy; mth; mJgw;wp jdJ jpizf;fsj; jiytUf;Fk; mwptpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 23:9:1 jdJ RftPdk; njhlh;ghf ep&gpg;gjw;fhf jdJ jpizf;fsj; jiytUf;F kUj;Jtr; rhd;wpjo; xd;wpidr; rkHg;gpf;FkhW Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F cj;jutplg;gLkplj;J> mjid jdJ nrhe;jr; nrytpy; ,yq;if J}juf mYtyfj;jpdhy; my;yJ mDkjpf;fg;gl;l KftHfspdhy; ngaHFwpf;fg;gLfpd;w kUj;JtH xUtuplkpUe;J ngw;Wf; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. 23:10 Vw;fdNt vjph;ghHj;jpUf;f Kbahj mtru re;jh;gg ; q;fs; jtpu> mj;jifa yPT ePbg;nghd;Wf;fhf tpz;zg;gpg;gjhf yPit mDkjpf;fpd;w mjpfhhpapd; ,zf;fg;ghl;il jPit tplL ; ntspNaw Kd;G chpa mYtyh; ngw;Wf; nfhz;bUe;jhyd;wp> jPtpw;F ; ntspapyhd yPtpd; ePbg;G Nkw;nfhs;sg;glf; $lhJ. 23:10:1 yPT ePbg;nghd;iwg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;s tpUk;Gfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jh; mjw;fhfg; NghjpasT Neu fhyj;Jld; tpz;zg;gpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. yPthdJ mtrpaj; Njit Nehf;fpyd;wp ntWk; tof;F Kiwapy; ePbf;fg;gl khl;lhJ. 23:10:2 RftPdnkhd;W my;yhj NtNwNjDk; xU fhuzj;jpw;fhf yPtpid ePbf;FkhW NfhUkplj;J> Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F njhlHr;rpahf flikf;F rKfkspf;fhky; ,Uf;f vspjpy; ,lkspf;f Kbe;jhyd;wp 21 Mk; gpuptpd; fPo; miur; rk;gsk; toq;fyhfhJ. 23:11 cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F jhd;; Vw;fdNt mDkjpjJ ; f; nfhz;l yPtpd; xU gFjpia ,uj;Jr; nra;Jnfhs;tjw;F mDkjpf;f KbAk;. 23:12 cj;jpNahfj;jH jPtpw;F ntspNa yPtpy; ,Ue;j re;jHg;gj;jpy; Xa;TngWkplj;J my;yJ mtH njhlHe;Jk; Nritapy; ,Ug;gJ jilg;gLkplj;J> 8.3 Mk; cg gpuptpd; fPo; mtUf;F toq;fg;gl;l yPtpid ,uj;Jr; nra;J me;j yPT Muk;gpf;fpd;w jpdj;jpypUe;J 8.2 Mk; cg gpuptpd; fPo; ngw;Wf n ; fhs;sf;$bajhf ,Ue;j KOr; rk;gsj;Jldhd yPtpid mtUf;Fg; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;f KbAk;. mt;thNw> 21.4.1 Mk; cg gpuptpd; fPo; KOr; rk;gsj;Jldhd yPTfshf khw;wg;gl;l miur;rk;gs yPTfs; ,Ug;gpd; mtw;wpidAk;> jPtpw;F ntspNa fopf;fpd;w yPtpd; xU gFjpahf ngw;Wf; nfhs;sg;gl;l fhyq;fle;j yPTfs; vitNaDkpUg;gpd;; mtw;wpidAk; miur; rk;gsj;Jldhd yPTfshf khw;wpf; nfhs;s KbAk;.
144

mj;jpahak; XII

23:13 jdJ yPTf; fhyg;gFjpapDs; ahNjDnkhU Fwpjj ; flikapid epiwNtw;WkhNwh my;yJ tpNrl ghlnewpnahd;wpidj; njhlUkhNwh Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F cj;jutpl KbAk;. mj;jifa gzpfspy; <LgLtjw;fhf Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F Nkyjpf; Cjpak; vjidAk; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s mDkjpapy;iy. vdpDk;> Fwpj;j rpy;yiwr; nrytpdq;fSf;fhf mtUf;Fg; gbnahd;wpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;f KbAnkd;gNjhLk;> Njitahd re;jHg;gq;fspy; yPtpid ePbf;fr; nra;aTk; KbAk;. 23:14 jhd; tfpf;fpd;w gjtpf;F kpfg; nghUj;jkhdtuhf khwty;y mwpTWj;Jifg; ghlnewpfis my;yJ fw;ifg; ghlnewpfis yPtpy; cs;s NghJ njhlUkhW gzpf;fg;gl;l mt;thwpd;Nwy; murhq;fj;jpd; Kd;dDkjpNahL njhlUfpd;w Xh; cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F nghJthf fPot ; Uk; gbfSk; rYiffSk; toq;fg;gLk;. 23:14:1 gw;Wr;rl P b ; id rkHg;gpf;Fkplj;J fw;ifnewpf;fhd fl;lzk; 23:14:2 Fwpj;j fw;ifnewp njhlh;ghd guPli ; rnahd;wpy; chpa cj;jpNahfj;jH rpj;jpailAkplj;J guPli ; rf;fl;lzk;: ,J nrYj;jg;gLtJ guPli ; rapNy rpj;jpaile;jikf;fhd rhd;wpjo;; rkHg;gpf;fg;gl;ljd; gpd;dNuahFk; NkYk; rhd;wpjiog; ngw;Wf;nfhs;tjw;F fl;lzk; vitNaDk; mwtplg;gbd; mf;fl;lzj;ijAk; ngw;Wf; nfhLj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 23:14:3 ghlnewpapd; Muk;gj;jpy; xUKiwAk;> ,Wjpapy; xUKiwAkhf Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jupd; tjptplk; kw;Wk; ghlnewp eilngWfpd;w ,lk; vd;gtw;Wf;fpilapy; nry;tjw;fhd %d;whk; tFg;gpw;Fupa gazr; nrytpdk;. 23:14:4 ghlnewpapidg; gapYtjw;fhf cj;jpNahfj;jH jdJ rhjhuz trpg;gplj;jpw;F ntspNa jq;fpapUf;f Ntz;b Vw;gLkplj;J (jhgdg; gzpg;ghshpdhy; jPHkhdpf;fg;gLfpd;wthW) jq;Fkplg; gbfs;. 23:14:5 (NjitNaw;gbd; guPli ; rf;fhf vLf;fpd;w fhyk; cl;gl) ghlnewpapd; KOf; fhyj;jpw;fhfTk; (jhgdg; gzpg;ghshpdhy; jPHkhdpf;fg;gLfpd;wthW) gapw;rpf; fl;lzk;. ,J nrYj;jg;gLtJ ghlnewpapd; ,Wjpapy; jifik tha;ej ; mjpfhhpapdhy; ifr;rhj;jplg;gl;l jpUg;jpfukhd Kd;Ndw;wr; rhd;wpjo; xd;W rkHg;gpf;fg;gl;ljd; gpd;dUk; kw;Wk; 23.15 Mk; cg gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s xg;ge;jj;jpy; ifr;rhj;jplg;gl;ljd; gpd;dUNk MFk;. 23:14:6 mwpTWj;Jif my;yJ fw;ifnewpf; fhyg; gFjpapDs; Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jH jdJ rhjhuz trpg;gplj;jpy; jq;fpapUg;gpd;> 23.14.3. kw;Wk; 23.14.4. cg gpupTfspy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s nfhLg;gdTfSf;Fg; gjpyhf Fwpj;j ghlnewpapy; gq;Nfw;w xt;nthU ehSf;Fk; Nkw;gb nfhLg;gdTfis tpQ;rhjthW ehshe;j gpuahzr; nrytpdj;ijg; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;fTk; KbAk;. 23:15 mtuJ gapw;rpf;fhf mtUf;F toq;fg;gl;l epjpahdJ xU rpy tplaq;fspd; fPo; kPsr;nrYj;jg;gLnkd;w xg;ge;jnkhd;wpy; me;ehl;bd; ,yq;if J}jufj;NjhL my;yJ ,yq;if murhq;fj;jpdhy; mDkjpf;fg;gl;l KftHfNshL my;yJ jdJ jpizf;fsj; jiytNuhL ifr;rhj;jpLkhW Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F gzpg;Giu toq;fg;gly;; Ntz;Lk;. 23:16 ehl;bw;F ntspNa fopf;fpd;w yPnthd;wpid Kbj;Jf; nfhz;L kPzL ; k; ehL jpUk;Gfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH jhd; tUif je;Js;sikia jdpg;gl;l Kiwapy; Neubahf rKfkspg;gjd; %yNkh my;yJ chpa nrayhsUf;fhd fbjnkhd;wpd; %yNkh mwptpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. ,ize;j Nritiar; Nrh;ej ; gjtpepiy cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH yPtpy; ,Uf;fpd;w fhyj;jpy; jhd; nghJ epUthf mikr;rpw;F ,izf;fg;gl;bUg;gpd;> nghJ epUthf mikr;rpd; nrayhsupd; Kd;dpiyapy; jdpg;gl;l Kiwapy; rKfkspj;J mwpf;ifaply; Ntz;Lk;. ,yq;if nghwpapayhsH Nritiar; NrHe;j cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH my;yJ ,yq;if
145

mj;jpahak; XII

tpQ;Qhd Nritiar; NrHe;j cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH kPzL ; k; ehL jpUk;gpa jpdj;jpy; chpa nrayhshpdhy; nghwpapayhsH Nritfs; kd;wj;jpd; gzpg;ghsH my;yJ tpQ;Qhd Nritfs; kd;wj;jpd; nrayhs&lhf nghJ epUthf mikr;rpd; nrayhsUf;F mwptpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 23:17 yPtpy; ,Ue;J jdJ yPT Kbtile;jjd; gpd;dH flikf;Fj; jpUk;Gfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F jPtpw;F te;j jpdj;jpy; ,Ue;J KOr; rk;gsk; cupj;JilajhFk;. vdpDk;> mth; flikf;fhf jpUk;gpapUg;gJ Fwpj;j yPTfs; Kbtiltjw;F Kd;duhapd;> mtUf;F nrYj;j Ntz;ba rk;gsk; gw;wpa gpur;rpidiaj; jPHj;Jf; nfhs;s Ntz;baJ mt;tr; re;jHg;gj;Jld; njhlHGila tplaq;fisf; fUj;jpnyLj;NjahFk;. ; 23:18 murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jh;fs; jPtpw;F ; ntspNa fopf;fpd;w yPTfs; njhlh;ghd mwpf;ifnahd;iw jpizf;fsj; jiyth; khjhe;jk; fzf;fha;thsh; ehafj;jpw;F rkh;gg ; pj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.

24. 24. MrpupaHfSf;fhd yPT


24:1 gpd;tUk; cg gpupTfspy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s re;jh;gg ; q;fs; jtpu> MrpupaH xUtUf;F nghJthf Xa;T yPTfisg;; ngw;Wf;nfhs;s Kbe;j re;jH;gg ; q;fs; ghlrhiy tpLKiw fhyg;gFjp khj;jpuNkahFk;. nghJthf Mz;bd; Vida fhyg; gFjpfspy; mtHfSf;F me;j yPTfisg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;F cupj;Jf; fpilahJ. 24:2 jPtpw;F ; ntspNa fopg;gjw;fhf MrpupaH xUtUf;F yPtpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;fpd;w NghJ> me;jf; fhyg; gFjpapDs; tUfpd;w ghlrhiy tpLKiw ehl;fspd; nkhj;jf; $l;Lj; njhif> me;j yPT Muk;gpf;fg;gl;L gj;J khjq;fSf;Fs; tUfpd;w ghlrhiy tpLKiw fhyg; gFjpapd; nkhj;jf; $l;Lj;njhif vd;w ,uz;by; vJ Fiwthf fhzg;gLfpd;wNjh me;jf; fhyg;gFjpf;F rkkhd xU fhyg;gFjpia gpd;tUk; tpjpKiwfspd; fPo; KO rk;gsj;Jldhd yPthfg; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;f KbAk;; vdpDk;> 24:2:1 mj;jifa rk;gsj;Jld;$ba yPtpid jdpahdJk; njhlH;rr ; pahdJkhd fhyg;gFjpf;F khj;jpuNk ngw;Wf; nfhLj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 24:2:2 mt;thW toq;fg;gLfpd;w KOmstpyhd Muk;gpf;fg;gl Ntz;baJ mDkjpf;fg;gl;l KO Muk;gpf;fpd;wNghjhFk;. vLj;Jf;fhl;L : MrpupaH xUtH 1979.07.01 Me; jpfjp Kjy; 1980.10.07 Me; jpfjp tiu jPtpw;F ntspapy; fopg;gjw;F cj;Njrpf;fpd;whH. ,e;jf; fhyg;; gFjpapDs; mDkjpf;fg;gl;l ehd;F (04) ghlrhiy tpLKiw fhyq;fs; cs;sd. ,e;j ehd;F (04) fhyg; gFjpapYk; mlq;Fk; nkhj;j yPTfspd; vz;zpf;if 102 MFk;. 1979.07.01 Me; jpfjpapy; Muk;gpf;fpd;w gj;Jkhj fhyg; gFjpapDs; mDkjpf;fg;gl;l %d;W ghlrhiy tpLKiwf; fhyg;gFjpfs; cs;sd. me;j %d;W fhyg; gFjpapYk; 72 nkhj;j yPT ehl;fs; fhzg;gLfpd;wd. Nkw;Fwpg;gpl;l ,uz;L fhyg; gFjpapy; Fiwe;jjhff; fhzg;gLfpd;w 72 ehl;fisf; nfhz;l yPNt mtUf;F cupj;JilajhFk;. mjdhy; 1979.07.01 Me; jpfjp njhlf;fk; mtUf;F 72 ehl;fs; rk;gsj;Jldhd yPtpid ngw;Wf; nfhLj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. kPjKs;s yPT gFjpapid rk;gskw;w yPthf fUj;jpy; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. KOr; fhyg; rk;gsj;Jldhd yPT yPTf; fhyg;gFjp

24:3 kpfTk; mj;jpahtrpa jdpg;gl;l fhuzq;fSf;fhfNth my;yJ RftPdk; fhuzkhfNth yPT Njitg;gLfpd;wtplj;J jpizf;fsj; jiytupd; jw;WzpGf;F Vw;g KOr; rk;gsj;Jldhd mka yPTfs; xUjlitapy; MW (06) ehl;fs; tPjk;
146

mj;jpahak; XII

ngw;Wf;nfhLf;f KbAk;. Xh; Mz;L fhyg; gFjpapy; mt;thW ngw;Wf; nfhLf;ff;$ba cr;r yPTfspd; vz;zpf;if 21 ehl;fshFk;. 24:4 RfaPdnkhd;W fhuzkhf ghlrhiy jtizf; fhyg; gFjpapDs; 24.3 Mk; cg gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s njhifapYk; ghHf;f mjpfkhf yPT Njitg;gLfpd;wtplj;J> Fwpj;j Mrpupaupd; flikfis epiwNtw;Wtjw;fhf jpizf;fsj; jiytH jpUg;jpailaf; $ba tpjj;jpyhd Ntiyj;jpl;lnkhd;W fhzg;gl;lhy;> ve;jnthU tUlj;jpYk; Mff; $baJ xUkhjk; tiu KOr; rk;gsj;Jldhd yPtpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhLg;gjw;F jpizf;fsj; jiytUf;F KbAk;. 24:5 ,q;F 24.3. kw;Wk; 24.4. Mfpa cg gpupTfspd; fPohd midj;J yPTfSk; Kbtile;jjd; gpd;dH> MrpaH xUtUf;F RftPdk; fhuzkhf ghlrhiyj; jtizapDs; NkYk; yPtpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s Ntz;bAs;stplj;J> VNjDk; xU tUl fhyg; gFjpapDs; 24.4 Mk; cg gpuptpd; fPohd yPTfspy; vitNaDk;; mLj;JWk; ,uz;L tUlq;fSf;Fhpa kPjkhf cs;s yPTfis jpizf;fsj; jiytH jdJ jw;WzpGf;fpzq;f ngw;Wf; nfhLf;f KbAk;. 24:6 Nkw;gb cg gpupTfspy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sthwd;wp> RftPdnkhd;W fhuzkhfNth my;yJ NtW tplankhd;W fhuzkhfNth ghlrhiyj; jtizapDs; toq;fg;gl Ntz;baJ rk;gskw;w yPtpNt MFk;. 24:7 MrpupaH xUtUf;F jpBH tpgj;njhd;W fhuzkhf my;yJ flikahw;wpf; nfhz;bUe;j NghJ Vw;gl;l RftPdk; xd;W fhuzkhf yPT Njitg;gLkplj;J 09 Mk; gpuptpd; Vw;ghLfspd; fPo; yPtpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;f KbAk;. 24:8 MrphpianahUth; njhlh;ghapd; gpurt kw;Wk; Foe;ijg; ghJfhg;Gf; fhuzq;fSf;fhf> Foe;ijg; gpurtj;jpd; gpd;dh; xU jlitf;F 6 khjq;fs; tPjk;> ,uz;L re;jh;gg ; q;fspy; Xh; Mz;L tiu rk;gskw;w yPit toq;f Ntz;Lk;. Mrphpia xUtUf;F ,uz;lhk; re;jh;gg ; j;jpy; 6 khjq;fSf;fhd rk;gskw;w yPT toq;fg;gLtJ> Kjy; Kiw ngw;Wf; nfhz;l 6 khj yPT Kbtile;jjd; gpd;dh; Mff; Fiwe;jJ ,uz;L tUlq;fs; gzpahw;wpapUj;jy; Ntz;Lnkd;w epge;jidf;Fl;gl;l tifapyhFk;. 24:9 tpjitahd K];ypk; Mrpupia xUtUf;F ,j;jh mD\;bg;gjw;fhf 12.12 MtJ gpuptpd; Vw;ghLfspd; fPohd yPtpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;F cupikAz;L.

25. 25.

cgepiy cj;jpNahfj;jHfSf;fhd yPT

25:1 cgepiy cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F 8.3 Mk; cg gpuptpd; Vw;ghLfs; jtphe;j 8 Mk; gpuptpd; fPo; fhzg;gLfpd;w midj;J Vw;ghLfSk; Vw;GiladthFk;. 25:2 cgepiy cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F mka yPTit toq;f Ntz;baJ 5 Mk; gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sthwhFk;. 25:3 cgepiy cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F fhyk; Ntz;baJ 10 Mk; gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sthwhFk;. fle;j yPTit toq;f

25:4 cgepiy cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F miur;rk;gs yPit toq;f Ntz;baJ 21.5 Mk; cg gpupTf;F Vw;gNtahFk;. 25:5 cgepiy cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F jpBH tpgj;Jf;fhd yPT> flikapy; <Lgl;bUe;jNghJ Vw;gl;l Nehnahd;Wf;fhd yPT vd;gd toq;fg;gl Ntz;baJ 9 Mk; gpupTf;F mikaNtahFk;. 25:6 cgepiy cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F ,isg;ghwYf;F Kd;duhd yPtpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;f Ntz;baJ 11 Mk; gpuptpd; Vw;ghL fSf;fpiaaNtahFk;.
147

mj;jpahak; XII

26. 26.

rpWepiyg; gzpahsHfSf;fhd yPT

26:1 khjhe;jr; rk;gsnkhd;iwg; ngWfpd;wtUk;> jdJ Nritf;Nfw;g ,r; rYifiag; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;Fj; jifik ngWfpd;wtUkhd rpWepiyg; gzpahsH xUtUf;F KOr; rk;gsj;Jld; Xuhz;bw;F Mff; $baJ 14 ehl;fs; vd;w RfaPd yPtpid jdJ jw;Wzpgpf;fpzq;f ngw;Wf;nfhLf;f jpizf;fsj; jiytUf;F KbAk;. RfaPdk; fhuzkhf ,uz;L ehl;fSf;F Nkyhf yPT Njitg;gLkplj;J 6.1 kw;Wk; 6.2 Mk; cg gpupTfspd; Vw;ghLfs; Vw;GiladthFk;. 26:1:1 Nkw;gb cg gpuptpd; fPo; rpWepiyg; gzpahsH xUtUf;Fupa yPTfs; Kbtile;jjd; gpd;dH> kUj;Jtr; rhd;wpjo; xd;wpd; %yk; cWjpg;gLj;jg;gLk; Nehnahd;Wf;fhf mtUf;F NkYk; yPT Njitg;gLfpd;wtplj;J> Kd;ida Mz;bNy kPjKs;s RfaPd yPTfs; ,Ug;gpd; mtw;wpidAk; vitNaDk; mLj;JWk;; ,uz;L Mz;Lfspd; fle;jfhy RfaPd yPTfs; ,Ug;gpd; mtw;iwAk; toq;f KbAk;. vdpDk;> xNu Mz;bw;Fs; ve;jNthh; CopaUf;Fk; mj;jifa mLj;JWk; ,uz;L tUl fhyg; gFjp xd;wpw;F Nkw;gl;l jlitfSf;F fle;jfhy yPtpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s KbahJ. NkYk; rpWepiyg; gzpahsH xUtUf;F KiwNa ,uz;L tUlfhyg; gFjpf;nfdg; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;fg;gLfpd;w mj;jifa vQ;rpa RfaPd P yPTfspd; $l;Lj; njhif mtUf;F nghJthf ,uz;L tUlq;fSf;Fupj;jhd RfaPd yPTfspd; vz;zpf;iff;F mjhtJ> 28 ehl;fSf;F Nkw;glf; $lhJ. (10.1.1 kw;Wk; 10.1.2 Mfpa cg gpupTfspd; vLj;Jf;fhl;Lfisg; ghHf;fTk;) 26:1:2 rpWepiyg; gzpahsH xUth; jw;fhypf Kfhnkhd;wpy; jq;fpapUf;fpd;wtplj;J jpizf;fsj; jiytupd; jw;WzpGf;fpzq;f Xuhz;by; 14 ehl;fis tplf; $LjyhfTk; vdpDk;> xU khjj;jpid tpQ;rhjJkhd KOr; rk;gsj;Jldhd RfaPd P yPit mtUf;F ngw;Wf; nfhLf;f KbAk;. 26:1:3 rpWepiyg; gzpahsH xUtUf;F Nritapd; Kjy; xd;gJ khj fhyg;gFjpapDs; ngw;Wf;nfhs;s chpj;jpUg;gJ 26.2 Mk; cggpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s RfaPd yPTfspd; vz;zpf;ifapy; mtuJ Nritf;fhyj;jpw;Fk; xd;gJ khjf; fhyg;gFjpf;FkpilNa fhzg;gLfpd;w tpfpjhrhuj;jpw;F Vw;g fpilf;ff;$ba yPTfis khj;jpuNk MFk;. 26:2 rpWepiyg; gzpahsH xUtUf;F 9.3 Kjy; 9.5 tiuapyhd cg gpupTfspy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s epge;jidfspd; fPo; 26.3.1 Mk; cg gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s tiuaiwfs; tiu jpBH tpgj;Jf;fSf;fhd yPtpid ngw;Wf; nfhLf;f KbAk;. 26:2:1 rpWepiyg; gzpahsH xUtUf;F KOr; rk;gsj;Jld; xUkhj fhyg;gFjp tiu jpizf;fsj; jiytuhYk;> KOr; rk;gsj;Jld; Ie;J (05) khjq;fs; kw;Wk; miur; rk;gsj;Jld; NkYk; MW (06) khjq;fs; tiu nrayhsupdhYk;> jpBH tpgj;J yPT mDkjpf;fg;gl KbAk;. vdpDk;> mj;jifa yPtpidg; toq;f KbtJ jpBH tpgj;jpd; tpisnthd;whf kUj;Jtr; rhd;wpjopy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s fhyg; gFjpapDs; mtH gzpahw;Wtjw;F jifikaw;wtH vdTk;> Vw;gl;Ls;s fhaq;fspd; jd;ikf;F Vw;g Fwpj;j CopaH cupa rpfpr;irfisg; ngw;WtUtjhfTk; $Wfpdw ; > murhq;f kUj;Jt cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtuplk; ngw;Wf;nfhz;l kUj;Jtr; rhd;wpjo;; xd;wpid yPTf;fhd tpz;zg;gj;Jld; rkHg;gpf;Fkplj;J khj;jpuNk MFk;. 26:2:2 gzpahsH cupa rpfpr;irfisg; ngw;WtUtjw;fhd kUj;Jtr; rhd;wpjo; xd;wpid rkHg;gpf;fhtplj;J> mtUf;F fPNo Fwpg;gpl;l fhyg;gFjptiu miur;rk;gs yPit khj;jpuNk toq;f KbAk;.

148

mj;jpahak; XII

26:3 jdJ flik eltbf;iffis cupaKiwapy; Mw;Wifapy; Nehnahd;W Vw;gLfpd;w rpWepiyg; gzpahsH xUtUf;F 26.3.1.> 9.4 kw;Wk; 9.5 Mfpa cg gpupTfspy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s epge;jidfspd; gpufhuKk;> 9.6. Mk; cg gpuptpd; epge;jidfspd; fPOk; tpNrl yPtpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;f KbAk;. 26:4 xUtUl fhyk; my;yJ mjpYk; $ba fhyk; njhlHr;rpahf Nritahw;wpAs;stUk;> Nrit gw;wp ftdj;jpy; nfhs;Sk;NghJ> ,e;j mDruizapidg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;F jifikAilatUkhd rpWepiyg; gzpahsH xUtUf;F jpizf;fsj; jiytupd; jw;WzpGf;fika 5.1 Mk; cg gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sthwhd mka yPTfisg; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;f KbAk;. 26:4:1 RfaPdj;jpw;fhf nghJthf mka yPT toq;fg;glyhfhJ> vdpDk;> 26:2 Kjy; 26:2:3 tiuapyhd cg gpupTfspd; fPo; ngw;Wf; nfhs;sf;$ba RfaPd yPtpid KOikahfg; ngw;Wf; nfhz;Ls;s CopaH xUth; njhlh;ghf jpizf;fsj; jiytupd; jw;WzpGf;Nfw;g ,e;j tpjpKiwiaj; jsh;jj ; KbAk;. mj;jifatHfSf;F Nkw;Fwpg;gpl;l cg gpupTfspd; fPo; toq;fg;gLfpd;w RfaPd yPTfSld; mjw;Fg; gpd;duhd mka yPTfisAk; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;f KbAk;. 26:5 Ie;J tUlq;fs; my;yJ mjpYk; $ba fhyj;jpw;F njhlHr;rpahf Nritahw;wpAs;stUk; Nrit gw;wp ftdj;jpy; nfhs;Sk; NghJ> ,e;j mDruizapidg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;F jifikAilatUkhd rpw;W}opah; xUtUf;F Kiwahd kUj;Jtr; rhd;wpjo; xd;wpd; %yk; ep&gpf;fg;glf; $ba RfaPdk; xd;Wf;fhf Nkw;gb cg gpupTfspd; fPo; ngw;Wf; nfhs;sf;$ba midj;J yPTfSk; Kbtile;jjd; gpd;dH> VNjDNkhh; Mz;by; xU khjj;jpw;F Nkw;glhj miur; rk;gs yPtpid jpizf;fsj; jiytH jdJ jw;WzpGf;fpzq;f ngw;Wf; nfhLf;f KbAk;. 26:5:1 XXVIII Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; 13.1 Mk; cg gpuptpy; fhl;lg;gl;Ls;s ml;ltizapy; cs;slf;fg;gl;Ls;s njhw;WNeha; xd;wpdhy; gPbf;fg;gl;Ls;s rpWepiyg; gzpahsH xUtUf;Fk;> (mtuJ Nritf; fhyk; gw;wpf; ftdj;jpy; nfhs;shJ) ,e;j cg gpuptpw;fika yPtpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;f KbAk;. 26:5:2 ,e;j cg gpuptpd; fPo; toq;fg;gLfpd;w miur; rk;gs yPT gw;wpa jfty;fis nghJg; gbtk; 96 ,y; Fwpg;gpl;L khjhe;jk; fzf;fha;thsH ehafj;jpw;F mwpf;ifaply; Ntz;Lk;. khjpupg; gbtj;jpy; Vida tplaq;fs; vDk; jiyg;gpd;fo P ; RftPdj;ij cWjpg;gLj;jpa kUj;Jtupd; ngaH> mtH rhd;wpjio toq;fpa jpfjp vd;gtw;wpidf; Fwpg;gpLjy; Ntz;Lk;. ntw;W mwpf;iffs; mDg;gg;gl Ntz;ba mtrpakpy;iy> vdpDk;> fle;j mwpf;ifia mDg;gpa jpfjpf;Fg; gpd;duhd khjq;fs; rhh;ghf mwpf;ifapl vJTk; ,Uf;ftpy;iynad mLj;j mwpf;ifapy; Fwpg;gpLjy; Ntz;Lk;. 26:6 ,e;j tifaPlb ; d; fPo; cs;slf;fg;gLfpd;w CopaHfSf;F 11.4 Mk; cg gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sthW Xa;T ngWtjw;F Kd;djhd yPtpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;f KbAk;.

27. 27.

ehl;rk;gsk; ngWk; cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;fhd yPT

27:1 ,uz;L tUlq;fs; my;yJ mjw;F Nkw;gl;l fhynkhd;wpw;F njhlHr;rpahfr; Nritahw;wpAs;stUk; Nritapidf; fUj;jpy; nfhs;Sk;NghJ ,e;j mDruizapidg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;Fj; jifikAilatUkhd ehl;rk;gsk; ngWfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtH Kiwahd kUj;Jtr; rhd;wpjo; xd;wpidr; rkHg;gpf;Fkplj;J mtUf;Fj; jpizf;fsj; jiytupd; jw;WzpGf;f ; pzq;f Mff; $baJ Xuhz;by; 14 ehl;fSf;F Nkw;glhjthW KOr; rk;gsj;Jlhd RftPd yPtpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;f KbAk;. 27:1:1 Nkw;gb cg gphptpd; fPo; cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;Fupj;jhd yPTfs; Kbtile;jjd; gpd;dH> kUj;Jtr; rhd;wpjo; xd;wpd; %yk; ep&gpf;fg;gLfpd;w
149

mj;jpahak; XII

Nehnahd;Wf;fhf mtUf;F NkYk; yPT Njitg;gLkplj;J fle;j Mz;bNy gad;gLj;jhJ kPjKs;s RftPd yPTfs; ,Ug;gpd; mtw;iwAk;> vitNaDk; mLj;JWk; ,uz;L tUl fhyg; gFjpf;Fhpa fhyq;fle;j RftPd yPTfs; fhzg;gbd; mtw;iwAk; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;f KbAk;. mt;thwpUe;j NghjpYk;> xNu Mz;bw;Fs;; ve;jNthh; cj;jpNahfj;jUf;Fk; mLj;JWk; fhyg;gFjpf;F xU jlitf;F Nkyhf fhyq;fle;j yPTfisg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s KbahJ. NkYk; cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F mLj;JWk; ,UtUlq;fSf;fhfg; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;fg;gLfpd;w. mt;thwhd fhyq;fle;j RftPd yPTfspd; $l;Lj;njhif mtUf;F rhjhuzkhf ,uz;L tUlq;fSf;Fupj;jhd yPTfspd; vz;zpf;iff;F> mjhtJ 28 ehl;fSf;F Nkw;glyhfhJ. (10.1.1 kw;Wk; 10.1.2 Mfpa cg gpupTfspd; cjhuzq;fisg; ghHf;fTk;) 27:1:2 ,t;thwhd cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH jw;fhypf Kfhnkhd;wpy; jq;fpapUf;Fk; NghJ mtUf;F jpizf;fsj; jiytupd; jw;WzpGf;fika Xuhz;by; 14 ehl;fSf;F Nkyhf> vdpDk; xU khjj;jpw;F $lhjthW rk;gskw;w RftPd yPtpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;f KbAk;. 27:2 ehl;rk;gsk; ngWfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F gpd;tUk; epge;jidfSf;fika Xuhz;by;; 21 ehl;fSf;F mka yPitg; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;f KbAk;. 27:2:1 gzpahw;Wtjw;F mtruj; Njitfs; ,y;yhjtplj;J> jpizf;fsj; jiytupd; my;yJ cg mYtyfj;jpw;F my;yJ Nrit epiyaj;jpw;Fg; nghWg;ghfTs;stUk;> jpizf;fsj; jiytupdhy; mjpfhuk; toq;fg;gl;Ls;stUkhd> cj;jpNahfj;jupd; jw;WzpGf;fika ,e;j yPT ngw;Wf; nfhLf;fg;gLk;. 27:2:2 21 ehl;fs; nfhz;l KOf; fhyg;gFjp ngw;Wf; nfhLf;fg;gLtJ fle;j 12 khjf; fhyg;gFjpapDs; Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jH Mff; Fiwe;jJ 250 ehl;fs; Nritf;F rKfkspj;jpUe;jhy; khj;jpuNkahFk;. Nritf;F rKfkspj;jpUe;j ehl;fspd; vz;zpf;if 250 Yk; ghh;ff ; FiwthapUf;Fkplj;J mt;thW Fiwfpd;w xt;nthU %d;Wehs; fhyg;gFjp my;yJ mjd; xU gFjpf;F xUehs; tPjk; me;j 21 ehspypUe;J Fiwf;fg;gLk;. 27:2:3 Nritf;F rKfkspj;j ehl;fisf; fzf;nfLf;Fk; NghJ: KOr; rk;gsj;Jld; Nritf;F rKfkspf;fhj ehl;fs;> (RftPd yPTfs; kw;Wk; mka yPTfs; cl;gl) gzpahw;wpf;nfhz;bUf;Fk; NghJ Vw;gl;l fhankhd;W fhuzkhf rKfkspf;fhj ehl;fs; kw;Wk; ,uT Nritapd; gpd;dH Nritf;F rKfkspf;fhky; tpl;l mLj;j ehs; Mfpa ,e;ehl;fis flikf;F rKfkspj;j ehl;fshf fzf;nfLj;j ; y; Ntz;Lk;. 27:2:4 yPT njhlh;ghd Mz;L gQ;rhq;f tUlkhFk;. ve;jNthh; Mz;bw;Fkhd yPTfis> mt;thz;bd; ve;jnthU re;jh;gg ; j;jpYk;; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s KbAk;. Mz;L Kbtilfpd;w NghJ ngw;Wf;nfhs;sg;glhky; kPjkhAs;s mka yPTfs; fhyhtjpahfptpLk;. tUlk; Muk;gpf;fpd;w NghJ gd;dpnuz;L khjfhyg;gFjpapid G+Hj;jp nra;ahj cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtupd; gd;dpnuz;L khj Nritf; fhykhdJ nrg;njk;gH khjk; 30 Me; jpfjpahFk; NghJ G+Hj;jpailAkhapd;> ; mtUf;F gd;dpnuz;L khj Nrit G+Hj;jpahfpd;w Mz;bw;fhf fPNo Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s ml;ltizf;fika tpfpjhrhu yPtpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;f KbAk;. ehl;fspd; msT khHr; khjk; 31 Me; jpfjpahFk; NghJ 16 gd;dpnuz;L khj Nritf; fhyk; G+Hj;jpahFkplj;J [_d; khjk; 30 Me; jpfjpahFk; NghJ gd;dpnuz;L khj Nritf; fhyk; G+Hj;jpahFkplj;J nrg;njk;gH khjk; 30 Me; jpfjpahFk; NghJ gd;dpnuz;L khj Nritf; fhyk; G+Hj;jpahFkplj;J
150

10 05

mj;jpahak; XII

27:2:5 nghJthf RftPdk; xd;Wf;fhf mka yPTfs; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;fg;glf; $lhnjd;w NghjpYk; KbahJ. 26.5.1 Mk; cg gpuptpd; gpufhuk; ,e;j tpjpKiwapidj; jsHj;j KbAk;. 27:3 ehl;rk;gsk; ngWfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F jpBH tpgj;njhd;wpw;fhf 26.3 Mk; cg gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sthW> flikapy; <Lgl;bUe;j NghJ Vw;gl;l Neha;fs; rhh;ghf 26.4 Mk; cg gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s gpufhuk; yPtpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;f KbAk;. 27:4 ehl;rk;gsk; ngWfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F 11.4 Mk; cg gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sthW Xa;Tf;F Kd;duhd yPtpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;f KbAk;.

28. 28.

Xg;ge;jj;jpy; xU gFjpahf yPT cs;slf;fg;gl;Ls;s Fwpg;gpl;l fhyg; gFjpfF ; xg;ge;j mbg;gilapy; Nritahw;Wk; jw;fhypf cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F toq;fg;gLfpd; Lfpd;w yPT.

28:1 ,g;gpuptpd; fPo; Vw;ghLfs; nra;ag;gl;Ls;sjd; gpufhuNk xopa> epr;rapf;fg;gl;l xU fhyg; gFjpf;fhf xg;ge;jk; xd;wpd; fPo; gzpahw;wptUfpd;w jw;fhypf cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtH njhlh;gpy; ,t;tj;jpahaj;jpd; xOq;Ftpjpfs; Vw;Giladthfh. 28:2 mj;jifa cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH njhlh;gpy; KjyhtJ gpuptpd; Vw;ghLfs; Vw;GiladthFk;. 28:3 gpd;tUk; re;jHg;gq;fs; jtpHe;j Vida re;jHg;gq;fspy; mtUf;F jPtpw;F ntspNa fopg;gjw;fhd miur; rk;gs yPT my;yJ khw;wk; nra;ag;gl;l miur; rk;gs yPT toq;fg;glf; $lhJ. xg;ge;jj;jpd; fPo; Mw;wpa NritahdJ> 21 Mk; Nritahf fzpf;fg;glj;jf;fthW mtH cldLj;J epakpf;fg;gLkplj;J : my;yJ %y xg;ge;jj;jpd; fPo; my;yJ Kjy; xg;ge;jk; kw;Wk; cldLj;j xg;ge;jnkhd;W my;yJ xg;ge;jq;fs; vd;gtw;wpd; fPo; nkhj;jkhf mtH njhlHr;rpahf Ie;J (05) tUl fhyj;jpw;F Nkyhfg; gzpahw;wpapUg;gpd;> 28:3:1 mj;jifa re;jHg;gq;fspy;> Nrit KbTWj;jg;gLkplj;J toq;fg;gLfpd;w yPthf my;yhky;> kPzL ; k; flikf;Fj; jpUk;gp tUtjw;fhd yPthf cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtUf;F miur; rk;gs yPitg; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;f KbAk;. mt;thW ngw;Wf; nfhLf;fg;gLfpd;w yPTfspdJk;; mjw;F Kd;dh; mtH miur; rk;gs yPTfs; vitNaDk;; ngw;wpUg;gpd; mtw;wpdJk; $l;Lj; njhif mtuJ Nritf; fhyj;jpd; Mwpy; xU gFjpia tpl tpQ;rf; $lhJ. 28:3:2 mk;nkhj;j miur; rk;gs yPTf; fhyg;gFjpiaAk; my;yJ mjd; xU gFjpia KOr; rk;gsj;Jld; $ba miuf; fhyg;gFjpnahd;wpw;F khw;Wtjw;F nrayhsUf;F jw;Wzpgpd; Nghpy; KbntLf;f KbAk;. vdpDk;> khw;wg;gl;l kw;Wk; khw;wg;glhj nkhj;j yPTf; fhyg;gFjpapdJk;> cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F ngw;Wf;nfhLf;fg;gl Ntz;ba Xa;T yPTfs; vitNaDk; fhzg;gbd; mtw;wpdJk; $l;Lj;njhif xU jlitf;F MW khjq;fis tpQ;rf; $lhJ. 28:4 Nkw;gb cg gpuptpd; fPo; jPtpw;F ntspNa fopg;gjw;fhf miur; rk;gs yPT my;yJ khw;wg;gl;l yPTfis ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;F jifik ngWfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F Nrit KbTWj;jg;gLfpd;w NghJ ngw;Wf; nfhLf;fg;gLfpd;w yPTfshftd;wp kPsTk; flikf;F rKfkspg;gjw;fhd yPTfnsd;w tifapy; mjw;F Nkyjpfkhf 8.1 Kjy; 8.3 tiuapyhd cg gpupTfspd; fPo; Xa;T yPTfisAk; ngw;Wf;nfhLf;f KbAk;. vdpDk; elg;G Mz;bYk; kw;Wk; mjw;F
151

gpuptpd; gzpfSf;fhd epue;ju jhgdj;jpw;F

mj;jpahak; XII

Ke;jpa ,uz;L Mz;LfspYk; 28.5 Mk; cg gpuptpd; fPo; vitNaDk;; yPTfs; ngw;Wf; nfhs;sg;gl;bUg;gpd; me;j yPTfis fPo; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sthW cupjj ; hfpd;w Xa;T yPTfspypUe;J fopj;jy;; Ntz;Lk;. 28:5 RftPdk; xd;W fhuzkhfNth my;yJ murhq;fj;jpd; eyd;fUjpNah yPtpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhLg;gJ nghUj;jkhdnjdTk; cfe;jnjdTk; jpizf;fsj; jiytupd; cWjpg;ghl;Lf;fika jPtpy; fopg;gjw;fhf xUtUlj;jpy; KOikahf xU khjj;jpw;Ff; $lhj yPtpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhLg;gjw;F jpizf;fsj; jiytUf;F KbAk;. mt;thW ngw;Wf; nfhLf;fg;gLk; yPTfs; KOr; rk;gsj;Jldhd yPTfshf mikjy; Ntz;Lk;. vdpDk;> mjd; %yk; murhq;fj;jpw;F Nkyjpf nrytpdk; xd;wpid Vw;fNtz;b Vw;gLkhapd; me;j yPTfis miur; rk;gs yPTfshfNt toq;Fjy; Ntz;Lk;. jpuz;l yPTfshf ,e;j yPTfis xd;W NrHf;f KbahJ. 28:5:1 ,e;j cg gpuptpd; fPo; toq;fg;gLfpd;w mDkjpAld;> ,yq;iff;F ntspNa fopf;fTk; KbAk;. yPTfis> nrayhsupd;

28:6 ,q;Nf 28.5 Mk; cg gpuptpd; fPo; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;fg;gLfpd;w yPTfSf;F Gwk;ghf> murhq;f kUj;Jt cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtupdhy; rhd;WWjpg;gLj;jg;gl;l RfaPdk; xd;wpw;fhf miur; rk;gs yPitg; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;f KbAk;. mt;thwpUe;j NghjpYk; mt;thW ngw;Wf;nfhLf;fg;gLfpd;w yPTfspdJk; mjw;F Kd;dH miur; rk;gs yPT ngw;Wf;nfhs;sg;gl;bUg;gpd; mit midj;jpdJk; $l;Lj; njhifahdJ> cj;jpNahfj;jH xg;ge;jj;jpd; fPo; gzpahw;wpAs;s nkhj;j Nritf; fhyj;jpd; 1/6 gFjpia tpQ;rf; $lhJ. 28:7 ,t;tFjpf;Fhpj;jhd cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F 5 Mk; gpuptpd; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sthW mka yPTfisg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;F cupj;Jz;L. fPo;

28:8 nrayhsupd; jw;WzpGf;fpzq;f> ,t;tFjpf;Fhpj;jhd cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F mtuJ xg;ge;jk;; Kbtiltjw;F Kd;dH KOr; rk;gsj;Jldhd yPT toq;fg;gl KbAk;. Nritf; fhyj;jpd; xUtUl fhyg; gFjpf;F ,uz;L thuq;fs; tPjk; fzpg;gplg;gl;L toq;fg;gl Ntz;ba ,e;j yPTfspd; vz;zpf;ifahdJ ,uz;L khj cr;r vy;iyf;Fl;gl;ljhFk;. 28:8:1 mj;jifa cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH 28.3.1> 28.3.2 kw;Wk; 28.4 Mfpa cg gpupTfspd; fPo; jPtpw;F ntspNa nrd;W jpUk;gp tUtjw;fhd yPtpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhz;bUg;gpd;> ,e;j cg gpuptpd; fPo; Nrit KbtilAk; NghJ mtUf;F fpilf;fpd;w KOr; rk;gsj;Jldhd yPtpd; mstpid fzpg;gpl Ntz;baJ> mtH jPtpw;F ntspNa fopj;j yPTfspd; gpd;dH kPzL ; k; jPtpw;F te;j jpdj;jpypUe;J ,yq;ifapy; gzpahw;wpa fhyj;jpidf; ftdj;jpw; nfhz;NlahFk;. 28:8:2 xg;ge;jj;jpd; KOikahd fhyk; G+Hj;jpahtjw;F Kd;dH jdJ xg;ge;jj;ij KbTWj;Jfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F ,e;j cg gpuptpd; fPo; vt;tpj yPtpidAk; ngw;Wf;nfhs;tjw;F cupik fpilahJ.

29. 29.

Fwpg;gpl;l xU fhyj;jpw;F xg;ge;j mbg;gilapy; jw;fhypf cj;jpNahfj;jHfSf;fhd yPT

Nritahw;whj

29:1 (rpWepiyg; gzpahsH xUtH> ehl;rk;gsk; ngWk; cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH kw;Wk; mka cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH my;yhj) xg;ge;jnkhd;wpd; %yk; Nrit epge;jidfs; jPHkhdpf;fg;glhj jw;fhypf cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F> 09 khjj;j;pw;F Nkw;gl;l njhlh;rr ; pahd Nritf;fhyk; xd;wpUg;gpd; 28.5 kw;Wk; 28.6 Mfpa cg gpupTfspd; fPo; KiwNa KOr; rk;gsj;Jldhd yPT kw;Wk; miur; rk;gsj;Jldhd yPT vd;gd toq;fg;gl KbAk;. 29:2 mj;jifa cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F 5 Mk; gpuptpd; fPo; mka yPtpid toq;f KbAk;.
152

mj;jpahak; XII

29:3 ,e;j tFjpf;Fhpa cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F jpBH tpgj;J yPTfisAk; kw;Wk; jdJ flikapy; <Lgl;Lf; nfhz;bUe;j NghJ Vw;gl;l RftPdk; xd;Wf;fhd yPtpidAk; 9 Mk; gpuptpd; fPo; cs;sthW toq;f KbAk;.

30. ; gps; ;fSf;fhd yPT 30. nghyp]; rh[d;l; kw;Wk; nghyp]; fhd;]l gpsfSf;
30:1 nghyp]; rh[d;l; xUtUf;F/ nghyp]; fhd;]l ; gps; xUtUf;F 8 Mk; gpuptpd; fPohd mka yPtpid ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;Fupj;Jz;L. 30:2 nghyp]; rh[d;l; xUtUf;F/ nghyp]; fhd;]l ; gps; xUtUf;F 5 Mk; gpuptpd; fPohd mka yPtpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;F chpj;Jf; fpilahJ. 30:3 kUj;Jtkid xd;wpy; jq;fp epd;W rpfpr;ir ngWfpd;w nghyp]; rh[d;l; xUtUf;F/ nghyp]; fhd;]l ; gps; xUtUf;F> mtH Kd;dH; Xa;T yPTfisg; ngw;wpuhtplj;J> ve;jnthU tUlj;jpYk; KOikahf ,uz;L khjq;fs; tiu KOr; rk;gsj;Jldhd yPtpidg; ngw;Wf;nfhLf;f KbAk;. mtH Kd;dH Xa;T yPTfisg; ngw;wpUg;gpd;> me;j yPtpid mtUf;Fupa ,uz;L khj yPT fhyg; gFjpapypUe;J fopj;J tply; Ntz;Lk;. 30:3:1 RftPdKw;W MAHNtj rpfpr;ir ngw;Wf;nfhs;tjw;fhf flikapypUe;J tpyfpapUg;gjw;F mDkjpaspf;fg;gl;Ls;s nghyp]; rh[d;l; xUtUf;F/ nghyp]; fhd;]l ; gps; xUtUf;F> mtuJ Xa;T yPT kw;Wk; mtUf;Fupa miur; rk;gs yPT vd;gtw;wpidg; ngw;Wf;nfhLf;f KbAk;. 30:4 nghyp]; rh[d;l; xUtUf;F/ nghyp]; fhd;]l ; gps; xUtUf;F> 21.5 Mk; cg gpuptpd; fPo; miur; rk;gs yPitg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;F cupj;Jz;L. 30:5 fPNo Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s Nkyjpf epge;jidfSf;Fl;gl;L; nghyp]; rh[d;l; xUtUf;F/ nghyp]; fhd;]l ; gps; xUtUf;F> 10 Mk; cg gpuptpd; fPo; fhyq; fle;j yPtpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;F cupj;Jz;L. 30:5:1 kUj;Jtkid yPnthd;Wf;fhd khw;wPlhftd;wp fhyq;fle;j yPtpid toq;f KbahJ. mjhtJ> kUj;Jtkid yPnthd;Wf;F khw;wl P hf fhyq;fle;j yPtpidg; ngw;Wf;nfhLf;f Ntz;baJ cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH RftPdk; fhuzkhf jdJ flikapid epiwNtw;Wtjw;F cz;ikahfNt Kbahj xU epiyapy; fhzg;gLfpd;w NghjpYk; VNjDnkhU Nghjpa fhuzj;jpdhy; nghyp];kh mjpgupd; mDkjpAld;> kUj;Jtkidapy; mDkjpf;fg;gl;Ls;s NghJ my;yJ mjw;F ntspNa rpfpr;iriag; ngWfpd;wNghJ khj;jpuNkahFk;. 30:5:2 ,t;thW ngw;Wf;nfhLf;fg;gLfpd;w kUj;Jtkid yPTfs;> Xa;T yPTfs; kw;Wk;/ my;yJ fhyk; fle;j yPTfs; vd;gtw;wpd; $l;Lj;njhifahdJ Xuhz;bw;F ,uz;L khjq;fis tpQ;rf; $lhJ. 30:6 nghyp]; rh[d;l; xUtUf;F/ nghyp]; fhd;]l ; gps; xUtUf;F> 9 Mk; gpuptpd; fPo> ; jpBH tpgj;J yPT> jdJ flikapid epiwNtw;Wfpd;w NghJ Vw;gLfpd;w Neha;fSf;fhd yPT vd;gtw;wpidg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;tjw;Fupj;Jz;L. 30:7 nghyp]; rh[d;l; xUtUf;F/ nghyp]; fhd;]l ; gps; xUtUf;F> ,jd; 2 Mk; gpuptpd; fPo; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s ,isg;ghWiff;F Kd;duhd yPtpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhLj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.

153

mj;jpahak; XII

31. fpd;w rpiwr;rhiy 31. rpiwf;fhtyH epiyf;Ff; Fiwe;j gjtp tfpf;fpd; cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUf;fhd yPT
31:1 rpiwf;fhtyH xUtUf;Ff; fPoe ; piyapy; cs;s rpiwr;rhiy cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH njhlHgpy; 30.1> 30.2> 30.3> 30.4> 30.6 kw;Wk; 30.7 Mfpa cg gpupTfs; Vw;GiladthFk;. 31:2 rpiwf;fhtyH xUtUf;Ff; fPoe ; piyapy; cs;s rpiwr;rhiy cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtH njhlHgpy; 10 Mk; gpuptpd; fPo; fhyq;fle;j yPtpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s chpj;Jf; fpilahJ.

32. 32. gapYeh; eh;/ gapw;rp ngWeh; xUtUf;fhd yPT


32:1 gapw;rpf; fhyg; gFjpapDs; gb xd;wpidg; ngWfpd;w gapYeh; / gapw;rp ngWeh; xUtUf;F 9 khj Nritf; fhyj;jpidg; G+Hj;jp nra;jjd; gpd;dH> tUlk; xd;wpw;F 7 mka yPTfs; kw;Wk; 14 RftPd yPTfs; vd;gtw;wpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s chpj;Jz;L. 32:2 jdJ gapYeh; fhyk; my;yJ gapw;rpf; fhyk; 9 khjq;fspYk; Fiwthd gapYeH/ gapw;rp ngWeh; xUtUf;F jdJ gapYeH fhyg; gFjpapDs; my;yJ gapw;rpf;fhyg; gFjpapDs; vt;tpj rk;gsj;Jldhd yPtpidAk; ngw;Wf;nfhs;s cupj;Jf; fpilahJ. 32:3 tpupTiufspy; fye;J nfhs;Sk; gapYeH/ gapw;rp ngWeUf;F tpupTiu fhyg; gFjpapDs; yPit ngw;Wf;nfhLf;fyhfhJ.

33. 33. mka cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUf;fhd yPT


33:1 mka cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUf;F 27 Mk; gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sthW mka yPT kw;Wk; RftPd yPT vd;gd ngw;Wf;nfhLf;fg;gl KbAk;. 33:2 mka cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUf;F 27.3 Mk; cg gphpT my;yJ 9 Mk; gpupT vd;gtw;wpd; fPohd jpBh; tpgj;J yPTfisg; ngw cupj;Jf; fpilahJ. vt;thwhapDk;> mka cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtH jdJ flikapy; <Lgl;Lf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; NghJ mjd; tpisthf Vw;gLfpd;w jpBH tpgj;njhd;W fhuzkhf jw;fhypf mq;ftPdk; xd;Wf;Fl;gLkplj;J mf;fhyg;gFjpf;fhf MWkhj fhy tiuaiwf;Fl;gl;lthW miur; rk;gsk; ngw;Wf;nfhs;s tpz;zg;gpf;Fk; cupj;Jz;L. 33:3 VO (07) ehl;fisf; nfhz;l fhj;jpUj;jy; fhyj;jpw;fhf el;l<l;Lj; njhif toq;fg;gl khl;lhJ. mf;fhyj;ij <Lnra;tjw;fhf> rk;ghjpj;j yPTfs; vitNaDk;; kPjkpUg;gpd; 33.1 Mk; cg gpuptpd; fPo; mtUf;F mtw;iw toq;f KbAk;.

34. 34. mur $l;lj;jhgdnkhd; hgdnkhd;wpy; gzpahw;Wtjw;fhf cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;fhd yPT

tpLtpf;fg;gl;l

34:1 $l;Lj;jhgdnkhd;wpd; Nritf;fhf tpLtpf;fg;gl;Ls;s murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F Fwpjj ; $l;Lj;jhgdj;jpy; gzpahw;Wk; tiu ,t; tpjpf;Nfhitapd; fPohd yPTfis rk;ghjpf;f cupj;njhd;W fpilahJ. $l;Lj;jhgdj;jpy; gzpahw;wp me;j $l;Lj;jhgdj;jpd; yPT xOq;F tpjpfSf;fika mtH yPtpidg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. $l;Lj;jhgd Nritf;F Kd;dH murhq;f Nritapy; <Lgl;bUe;j fhyg; gFjpapDs; mtuhy; rk;ghjpf;fg;gl;l vt;tpj yPTfSf;fhfTk; mtUf;F cupj;Jf; fpilahJ.

154

mj;jpahak; XII

34:2 murhq;f Nritf;F kPzL ; k; jpUk;gp tUk;NghJ $l;Lj;jhgdj;jpy; gzpahw;wpa fhyg; gFjpapDs; rk;ghjpj;j yPTfs; njhlh;ghfTk; mtUf;F cupik Nfhu KbahJ.

35. 35.

FWfpa yPT

35:1 xUKiwf;F 1 kzpj;jpahy fhyj;ij tpQ;rhjthW xU khjj;jpw;F ,uz;L Kiw vd;w mbg;gilapy; kl;Lg;gLj;jg;gl;l FWfpa yPtpid cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F toq;f KbAk;.

36. tjw;f ; hf epakpf;fg;gl;Ls;s xUtupd; 36. ntspehL xd;wpy; gzpahw;Wtjw tho;fi ; fj; Jizf;F toq;fg;gLk; rk;gskw;w yPT
36:1 gjtpnahd;wpy; epue;jukhf;fg;gl;l murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH flikapd; epkpj;jk; ntspehL xd;wpw;F epakdk; nra;ag;gLkplj;J me;j cj;jpNahfj;jUld; tho;tjw;fhf mtuJ tho;f;ifj; Jizf;F rk;gskw;w yPT ngw;Wf; nfhLf;fg;gLfpd;wJ. 36:1:1 ,e;j yPTfs; rk;gs Vw;wj;Jld; njhlHGila tplaq;fSf;F fzf;nfLf;fg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. ,t;thwhd cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH kPzL ; k; ehl;Lf;Fj; jpUk;gpajd; gpd;dH> mtH mt;thW ntspehL nrd;wpUf;fhtpbd;; mtuhy; ngw;Wf; nfhs;sf; $bajhftpUe;j rk;gsg; gbKiwapy; mtiu itj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. vt;thwhapDk;> mt;thW toq;f Ntz;baJ nghJthf mtuJ rk;gs Vw;wj;ijg; ngw;Wf;nfhLf;f mtiu jifikaw;wtuhf;ff; $ba> rk;gskw;w yPT fhyg; gFjpapy; mtH Nkw;nfhz;l gzpfs; kw;Wk; mtupd; elj;ijfs; njhlh;gpy; Nkhrkhd mwpf;iffs; vitAk;> ; mtuJ rk;gs Vw;wj;ij toq;Ffpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F fpilf;fg;ngwtpy;iyahapd; khj;jpuNk MFk;. 36:1:2 mt;thwhd rk;gskw;w yPT fhyg; gFjpnahd;wpDs; ngw;Wf; nfhs;sg;gl;l rk;gs Vw;wq;fs; njhlHgpy; epYitj; njhif vjidAk; toq;fyhfhJ. 36:1:3 ,e;jg; gpuptpd; gpufhuk; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;fg;gLfpd;w yPTfis Xa;T+jpa rk;gsf; fzpg;gl P b ; w;fhf NrHf;ff; $lhJ. 36:1:4 gpd;tUk; xOq;F tpjpfSf;Fl;gl;l tifapy;> mt;thwhd cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtupd; Nrit %g;gpNy ,e;j rk;gskw;w yPtpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhz;lik fhuzkhf vJtpj jhf;fKk; Vw;glkhl;lhJ.
(i)

,e;jg; gpuptpd; fPo; rk;gskw;w yPtpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhz;Ls;s cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH Nkw;Fwpg;gpl;l rk;gskw;w yPtpid ngw;Wf; nfhz;Ls;s fhyg; gFjpapDs; Vw;gLfpd;w vitNaDk; gjtp ntw;wplq;fSf;F gjtp caHj;jg;gLtjw;fhf fzf;fpnyLf;ff; $lhJ. gjtp caHTf;fhd jifiknahd;whf Ml;NrHg;G eilKiwapy; Mff; Fiwe;j Nritf; fhynkhd;W Fwpg;gplg;gLkhapd;> me;j Mff; Fiwe;j Nritf; fhyj;jpidf; fzpg;gpLk;NghJ> ,e;jg; gpuptpd; fPo; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;fg;gLfpd;w rk;gskw;w yPT fhyg; gFjpapid fzf;fpnyLf;ff; $lhJ.

(ii)

36:1:5 Ml;NrHg;G eilKiwapy; gjtp caHTf;fhf fUj;jpy; nfhs;sg;glf;$ba jifiknahd;whf ahNjDnkhU rk;gsg; Gs;spia mila Ntz;Lnkd epHzapf;fg;gl;Ls;s re;jHg;gj;jpy;> Nkw;gb 36.1.1 Mk; cg gpuptpd; fPo; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;fg;gl;l ahNjDnkhU rk;gs Vw;wj;ij> gjtp caHTf;fhd rk;gsg;Gs;spiaj; jPHkhdpf;Fifapy; fzf;nfLf;ff; $lhJ.
155

mj;jpahak;

XIII

Giftz;b Mizr;rl P L ; f;fs; fs;


1. nghJ 2. Giftz;b Nehf;fq;fs; Mizr;rl; Pln ; lhd;W toq;fg;gLtjw;Fupa

2:1 murhq; murhqf ; mYty;fs; fs; 2:2 itg;G epjpaj;jpypUe;J toq;fg;glw;Fupa Vida mYty;fs; s; 2:3 rdhjpgjp> gpujk mikr;rh; 2:4 ghuhSkd;w cWg;gpdh;fs; 2:5 kUj;Jtrhiy Kjypa ,lq;fSf;F twpath;fisf; nfhz;Lnry;yy; 3. Mizr;rl P L ; f;fis vOJjy; vOJjy; 4. gad;gLj;jg;glhj Mizr;rl P L ; f;fs; fs; my;yJ gazr;rP rl P L ; fs; fs; 5. nghl;lyq; yq;fs;> nfhz;Lnry;yy; gaz %ilfs; rPlL ; f;fs; fs;> vd;gtw;iwf; rYifg; gUtg; gUtg;

6. ml;ilr; nry;ifr; gazr;rP rl P L ; f;fs; fs;

156

mj;jpahak; XIII
Giftz;b Mizr;rl P L ; f;fs; fs;
1. nghJ
1:1 rdhjpgjpAk; gpujk mikr;rUk; mth;fsJ FLk;gj;jpdUk;> Giftz;bapy; nry;ifr; rPlN ; lh> gazr; rPlN ; lh ,d;wpg; gpuahzk; nra;ayhk;. 1:2 Giftz;bapy; flikg; nghUl;Nlh tpLKiwiaf; fopf;fNth> vr;re;jh;gg ; j;jpNyDk; ,ytrkhf gpuahzQ; nra;a cupj;JilNahUf;F> Giftz;bj; jpizf;fsg; nghJ KfhikahsupdJ mjpfhuj;jpd;fo P ; nry;ifr; rPlL ; toq;fg;gl;bUe;jhyd;wp XIV Mk; XVI Mk; mj;jpahaq;fspd; rl;l tpjpfSf;fika> gpuahzQ; nra;Ak; xt;nthU re;jh;gg ; j;jpYk; gad;gLj;jw;F nghJg;gbtk; 162 ,y; vOjg;gl;l Giftz;b Mizr;rl P n ; lhd;W toq;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 1:3 Giftz;b Mizr;rl P b ; idg; gazr; rPll ; hfg; gad;gLj;jtpayhJ Mizr; rPln ; lhd;iw itj;jpUf;Fk; xUtUf;F gazr; rPlL ; f; fUkgPlj;jpy; mjidf; nfhLj;J fl;lzk; nrYj;jhJ> gazr; rPli ; lg; ngWtjw;fhd cupik khj;jpuNk cz;L. 1:4 Mizr;rl P L ; f;fSf;F Gifapuj gazr; rPlL ; f;fs; ngw;Wf;nfhLf;f KbAkhtJ> me;j Miizr;rl P L ; f;fspy; gazk; Muk;gpf;Fk; ,lkhf Fwpg;gplg;gl;bUf;fpd;w Gifapuj epiyaj;jpypUe;J gazk; KbtilAk; Gifapuj epiyak; tiu my;yJ ,ileLtpy; cs;s Gifapuj epiyankhd;wpypUe;J gazk; KbtilAk; Gifapuj epiyak; tiu khj;jpuNkahFk;. Mdhy; nfhOk;gpypUe;J my;yJ nfhOk;Gf;F vd vOjg;gLfpd;w Mizr;rl P L ; f;fspd; tplaj;jpy;> mt;thizr; rPlL ; f;fisAilatupd; Nfhhpf;iff;fika> mit kUjhid> nfhOk;G Nfhl;il> nfhk;gdpj;njU Mfpatw;wpypUe;J my;yJ Mfpatw;Wf;F mDkjpr; rPlL ; f;fs; toq;fg;gl KbAk;. ,ileLtpYs;s Gifapuj epiyankhd;wpypUe;J gazr; rPll ; hf khw;wg;gl;l Mizr;rl P n ; lhd;W rk;ge;jkhf mg; gaz Mizr;rl P b ; y; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s gaz Muk;g Gifapuj epiyaj;jpypUe;J gazk; KbtilAk; Gifapuj epiyak; tiu gazr; rPlL ; f;fs; toq;fg;gl;ljhff; fUjg;gLk;. 1:5 Mizr;rl P L ; f;fs;> murhq;f Nritahsh;fSf;F> mth;fspd; jpizf;fsj; jiyth;fspdhNyNa toq;fg;gLk;. MapDk; mtupd; mjpfhuk; ngw;w cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUf;F Mizr;rl P b ; y; xg;gkplyhk;. 1:6 Mizr;rl P b ; y; vOjg;gl;l vJTk;; khw;wk; nra;ag;gLkplj;J> mjidr; nra;fpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jh; mjid mj;jhl;rpg;gLj;jy;; Ntz;Lk;. mth; mk; khw;wq;fs; xt;nthd;Wf;Fk; Kd;dhy; jd; xg;gj;ijapl;L> xg;gj;jpd; fPo; KOg; ngaiuAk;> gjtpapidAk; Fwpg;gply; Ntz;Lk;. 1:7 Mizr;rl P L ; f;fspy; gad;gLj;jyhfhJ. xg;gj;jpw;Fg; gjpyhf xg;g Kj;jpiufisg;

1:8 Mizr; rPln ; lhd;Wf;Fg; gjpyhf tpepNahfpf;fg;gLfpd;w nry;ifr; rPln ; lhd;W my;yJ gazr;rl P n ; lhd;W vtNuDk; xUtuhy; ifNaw;fg;gLtnjd;gJ> mr; nry;ifr; rPli ; lNah my;yJ gazr; rPli ; lNah gad;gLj;Jifapy; mtUf;F vt;tifapNyDk; Nehplf; $ba clY}nwhd;W my;yJ jhkjnkhd;W my;yJ Mjd ,og;nghd;W my;yJ Mjd Nrjnkhd;W njhlh;ghd midj;J tifahd gz hPjpahd nghWg;Gf;fspypUe;Jk; kw;Wk; gpw hPjpahd nghWg;Gf;fspypUe;Jk;
157

mj;jpahak; XIII

murhq;fj;ij tpLtpg;gjhf fUjg;gLtjhFk;.

murhq;fj;Jf;F

toq;fg;gl;l

rhl;rpnahd;whff;

1:8:1 MapDk; murhq;ff; flikapd; nghUl;L Mizr;rl P n ; lhd;iwNah my;yJ gUtfhy ml;ilnahd;iwNah my;yJ nry;ifr;rl P n ; lhd;iwNah my;yJ rYifr;rl P n ; lhd;iwNah ngw;W murhq;ff; fliknahd;wpd; nghUl;Lr; nry;fpd;w xUtUf;F> nghUspog;Ngh> NrjNkh Vw;gbd; ,yq;ifg; Giftz;bj; jpizf;fsr; rl;lj;jpd; 5 Mk; gpuptpd; fPo; cs;s 32(f) Mk; rl;l tpjpapd; Vw;ghLfSf;fika mtUf;F el;l<L toq;fg;glyhk;. 1:9 midj;J nry;ifr; rPlL ; f;fs;> rfytifg; gazr; rPlL ; f;fs; Mfpa dahTk;> rhjhuz gazr; rPlL ; f;fs; Nghd;W gazr; rPlL ; r; Nrfupg;ghsuhy; guPlr ; pf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. nry;ifr; rPli ; lNah> gazr; rPli ; lNah itj;jpUf;Fk; xt;nthUtUk; gpuahzj;jpd;NghJ> mjpfhuk; ngw;w Giftz;b cj;jpNahfj;jh; mjidf; fhz;gpf;FkhW NfhUk; NghJ fhl;ltpayhjtuhapUg;gpd;> rhjhuz gpuahzpnahUth; gpuahzr; rPli ; lf; fhz;gpf;ftpayhjtplj;J> KOg; gazf; fl;lzj;ijAk;; nrYj;j Ntz;bAs;sthW Nghy ,tUk; KOf; fl;lzj;ijAk; nrYj;JkhW Ntz;lg;gLthh;. mt;thW nrYj;jg;gLk; njhiff;fhd kPsspg;Gf; Nfhhpf;if epuhfhpf;fg;glyhk;.

2. Mizr;rl P L ; f;fs; toq;fg;gLk; Nehf;fq;fs;


2:1 murhq;f mYty;fs; P L ; f;fs; toq;fg;gl Ntz;baJ s: Giftz;b Mizr;rl 2:2 Mk; cg gphpTf;F cl;gl;L murhq;f Nghf;Ftuj;Jr; Nritfl;Fk; XIV Mk; XVI Mk; mj;jpahaq;fspy; Fwpj;Jf; fhl;lg;gl;Ls;s gpuahzq;fSf;Fk; khj;jpuNkahFk;. mj;jifa NritfSf;Fupa fl;lzq;fs; Mizr; rPli ; l tpepNahfpj;j jpizf;fsq;fSf;F my;yJ tpepNahfpj;j jpizf;fsq;fs; Fwpg;gpl;Ls;sthW nfhLg;gdTf;Fupa jpizf;fsq;fSf;F gw;whf itf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 2:2 itg;G epjpaj;jpypUe;J toq;fg;glw;Fhpa Vida mYty;fs; s: vdpDk; murhq;fj;jplk; itg;Gr; nra;ag;gl;Ls;s epjpankhd;wpypUe;J Mizr;rl P n ; lhd;wpd; ngWkjp mwtplg;glj;jf;f re;jh;gg ; q;fspy; NkNy tptupf;fg;gl;Ls;s Nritfsy;yhj NtW Nghf;Ftuj;Jr; Nritfl;Fk; Giftz;b Mizr;rl P L ; f;fs; toq;fg;glyhk;. ,g;gpuptpd;gb Mizr;rl P L ; f;fs; vOjg;gl Ntz;baJ 162> 162m Nghd;w nghJg; gbtq;fspyhFk;. 2:3 rdhjpgjp kw;Wk; gpujk mikr;rh;: rdhjpgjp mth;fspd; jhgdq;fSf;Fhpa gjtpapdiuNah Nkhl;lhh; tz;bfisNah nfhz;Lnry;tjw;F rdhjpgjpapd; nrayhsh; my;yJ jdpg;gl;l nrayhsh; Mizr;rl P L ; f;fis toq;fyhk;. gpujk mikr;rupd; jhgdq;fSf;Fhpa gjtpapdiuNah Nkhl;lhh; tz;bfisNah nfhz;Lnry;tjw;F gpujk mikr;rupd; nrayhsh; Mizr;rl P ;Lf;fis toq;fyhk;. 2:4 ghuhSkd;w cWg;gpdh;fs;: ghuhSkd;w cWg;gpdh; xUtUf;F ghuhSkd;w my;yJ nraw;FOf; $l;lj;jpw;Fr; nry;tjw;Nfh my;yJ mj;jifa $l;lnkhd;wpd; gpd;dh; kPSjw;Nfh jdJ tPlb ; w;Fk; my;yJ Njh;jy; njhFjpf;Fk;> nfhOk;Gf;FkpilNa nra;Ak; gazj;jpd; NghJ Nkhl;lhh; tz;bia ,ytrkhf Giftz;bapy; nfhz;L nry;tjw;F Giftz;b Mizr;rl P n ; lhd;Wf;F cupj;Jilatuhthh;. mj;jifa gpuahzq;fspd;NghJ Nkhl;lhh; tz;bAld; nry;Yk; rhujp my;yJ Ntiyf;fhud; rhh;ghfTk;> ,ytr %d;whk; tFg;G Mizr;rl P n ; lhd;Wf;Fk; cupj;Jilatuhth;. ghuhSkd;w cWg;gpdh; xUtUf;F ghuhSkd;wj;jpd; mYty; fhuzkhfg; gpuahzQ; nra;a NeupLfpd;w ve;jnthU re;jh;gg ; j;jpYk; ,t;Tg tpjpapd; Vw;ghLfSf;fikthd Mizr; rPlL ; f;fs; ,j;jt P pd; vg;ghfj;Jf;Fk; toq;fg;gLk;. 2:4:1 jdJ Njh;jy; njhFjpf;F ntspNa tjpfpd;w ghuhSkd;w cWg;gpdh; xUthpd; ,y;yj;jpw;Fk; Njh;jy; njhFjpf;Fk; ,ilNa fhzg;gLfpd;w
158

mj;jpahak; XIII

Giftz;bg;ghijj; J}uk; 50 iky;fis tpQ;Rkhapd; jdJ Nkhl;lhh; tz;bia ,uz;L ,lq;fSf;FkpilNa Giftz;bapy; nfhz;Lnry;tjw;F mtH cupj;Jilatuhthh;. 2:4:2 Nkhl;lhh; tz;bAs;s ghuhSkd;w cWg;gpdh; xUth; jhd; tpUk;gpd; ghuhSkd;wr; nrayhsh; ehafj;jpw;F mwptpj;J cg gpupT 2:4 ,y; Vw;ghL nra;ag;gl;Ls;sthW Nkhl;lhh; tz;biag; Giftz;bapy; nfhz;Lnry;Yk; cupikapidf; iftpl;L tpl;L mjw;Fg; gjpyhf khjnkhd;Wf;F 75 &gh gbnahd;iwg; ngwyhk;. mt;thW mg;gbiag; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s KbtJ mtuJ ,y;yj;jpw;Fk; my;yJ Njh;jy; njhFjpf;Fk; nfhOk;Gf;FkpilNaAs;s J}uk; 20 iky;fSf;F Nkw;gl;bUe;jhy; khj;jpuNkahFk;> NkYk; Nkhl;lhh; tz;bnahd;Ws;s ghuhSkd;w cWg;gpdh; xUtUf;F 2:4:1 Mk; cg gphptpd; fPOs;s rpwg;Gupikia mDgtpg;gjw;Fg; gjpyhf khjnkhd;Wf;F 75 &gh gbiag; ngwyhk;. mj;jifa gbnahd;iwg;; ngWfpd;w cWg;gpdh;> Nkhl;lhh; tz;b cz;ikahfg; Ngzg;gl;Lg; gad;gLj;jg;gLfpd;wnjd;gij cWjpg;gLj;Jfpd;w rhd;wpjnohd;iwf; nfhLg;gdT cWjpr; rPlL ; ld; ,izj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 2:4:3 ghuhSkd;w cWg;gpdh; vd;w tifapy; jdf;Fhpj;jhAs;s Nkw;Fwpj;j 2:4 Kjy; 2:4:2 tiuapyhd gpupTfspy; $wg;gl;Ls;s tpNrl cupikfSf;F Nkyjpfkhf mikr;ruhAs;s xUth; mikr;rh; gjtpapd; mYty;fSf;fhd gpuahzq;fspd; NghJ> jdJ Nkhl;lhh; tz;bia ,ytrkhf Giftz;bapy; Vw;wpr; nry;tjw;fhd Giftz;b Mizr;rl P i ; lAk;> Nkhl;lhh; tz;bAld; nry;Yjw;Fr; rhujpf;Nfh my;yJ Ntiyf;fhuUf;Nfh %d;whk; tFg;G Mizr;rl P n ; lhd;iw ngWk; cupj;Jilatuhthh;. Nkhl;lhh; tz;bia Vw;wpr; nry;Yk; cupikf;Fg; gjpyhf> ,e;jg; gpuptpy; fhl;lg;gl;Ls;s Nkhl;lhh; tz;b gbnahd;iwg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;Sk; cupj;J mikr;rnuhUtUf;Ff; fpilahJ. 2:5 twpath;fis kUj;Jtrhiy Mfpatw;Wf;Ff; nfhz;L nry;yy; y: kUj;Jtrhiyf;Nfh> NtW itj;jpa epiyankhd;wpw;Nfh jdJ ,y;yj;jpw;Nfh nry;tjw;F Ntz;ba gpuahzr; nryitf; nfhLf;f ,ayhjth;fSf;F %d;whk; tFg;Gg; Giftz;b Mizr;rl P i ; l toq;Fk; mjpfhuk; murhq;f mjpgnuhUtUf;Fz;L. mehij NehahspnahUtiu mioj;Jr; nrd;W itj;jpa epiyaj;jpy; cl;Nrh;f;fr; nra;J gpd;dh; kPzL ; k; tPl;Lf;Fr; nry;tjw;F mtuJ cwtpdnuhUtUf;Nfh my;yJ NtnwhU ez;gUf;Nfh Gifapuj Mizr; rPln ; lhd;iw toq;fTk; murhq;f mjpgnuhUtUf;F mjpfhuKz;L. mtuhy; mt;tjpfhuk; gad;gLj;jg;gl Nyz;baJ Nehahspf;F cjtpahf xUth; nry;tJ ,d;wpaikahjnjd itj;jpa cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth; njhptpj;jpUe;jhy; khj;jpuNkahFk;. 2:5:1 murhq;f kUj;Jtrhiy> csNeha; kUj;Jtrhiy> F\;lNeha; kUj;Jtrhiy Nghd;w epiyaq;fspypUe;J jkJ ,y;yq;fSf;Fr; nry;yntd ntspNaWfpd;w twpa Nehahspfs;> gazf; fl;lzq;fis nrYj;jtpayhjtnud me;epiyaq;fSf;Fg; nghWg;ghd cj;jpNahfj;jh;fSf;Fj; njhpAkplj;J mt;thW Mizr;rl P L ; f;fis toq;fyhk;. xU kUj;Jt epiyaj;jpdpd;Wk; gpwpnjhU kUj;Jt epiyaj;jpw;F (cjhuzkhf rj;jpurpfpr;ir nghUl;L) cl;Nrh;jj ; y; mtrpankd kUj;Jt cj;jpNahfj;jh; fUJkplj;Jk;> me;NehahspAld; guhkhpg;ghsh; xUth; topj;Jizahfr; nry;tJ mjp mtrpankdj; fUJkplj;Jk; NehahspAld; guhkhpg;ghsh; xUth; nry;Yjw;F Mizr;rl P ;nlhd;wpid xd;wpid mth; toq;fyhk;. 2:5:2 csNeha; kUj;JtrhiyapYs;s NehahspnahUthpd; Foe;ijnahd;iw NtNwNjDnkhU epWtdj;jpw;F vLj;Jr; nry;fpd;w> kUj;Jtrhiyg; ngz; guhkhpg;ghsUf;F Mizr;rl P n ; lhd;iw toq;f csNeha; kUj;Jt rhiyf;Fg; nghWg;ghdtUf;F KbAk;.

159

mj;jpahak; XIII

3. Mizr;rl P L ; f;fisj; jahupjj ; y; y;


3:1 Giftz;b Mizr;rl P L ; f;fs;> toq;fg;gLfpd;w Njjp> toq;Fk; mYtyfk;> toq;fg;ngWk; Nrit> toq;fg;ngWgth;> toq;fypd; Nehf;fk; vd;gtw;wpd; tpguk; njspthf ,lg;gl;L Mizr; rPlL ; njspthfTk; mtjhdj;NjhLk; epug;gg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. XVI Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; fPo; tpepNahfpf;fg;gLfpd;w Mizr;rl P n ; lhd;wpy;> gpuahzk; ve;Nehf;fj;jpw;fhf vd vOjg;gl Ntz;bAs;s ,lj;jpy; tpLKiw vd;w nrhy;Yk; XXV Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; fPo; tpepNahfpf;fg;gLfpd;w Mizr;rl P n ; lhd;wpy; mt;tj;jpahaj;jpd; 3 Mk; gpuptpy; fhl;lg;gl;Ls;sthwhd Njitahd tpguq;fSk; vOjg;gly;; Ntz;Lk;. Gifapuj Mizr;rl P n ; lhd;W toq;fg;gLk;NghJ me;je;j jpizf;fsq;fis ,dk; fhz;gjw;fhf Fwpj;njhJf;fg;gl;Ls;s ,yf;fj;ij Mizr;rl P b ; y; Fwpj;Jf; fhl;Ljy;; Ntz;Lk;. ,e; Nehf;fj;Jf;fhf ,wg;gh; Kj;jpiunahd;iwg; gad;gLj;jyhk;. 3:2 ,q;F 2:2 Mk; gphptpd; fPo; tpepNahfpf;fg;gl;l Mizr;rl P n ; lhd;wpy;; Mizr;rl P L ; r; nryT mwtplg;gl Ntz;ba epjpaj;jpd; ngaUk;> gpuahzj;jpd; Nehf;fKk; mt; tpguq;fs; vOjg;gl Ntz;ba ,lq;fspy; njspthfr; Rl;lg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 3:3 gpw jpizf;fsq;fs; rhh;gpy; Mizr;rl P n ; lhd;W toq;fg;gLk; re;jh;gg ; j;jpy; Mizr;rl P b ; d; Nky; tpspk;gpy; rptg;G ikapdhy; . Mw; nrYj;jw;ghyJ vd;Dk; Nkw;Fwpg;G vOjg;gly; Ntz;Lk;.

4.

gad;gLj;jg;g ; lhj Mizr;rl P L ; f;fs; fs; my;yJ gazr;rl P L ; f;fs; fs;

4:1 Mizr;rl P n ; lhd;iwg; ngwj; jtwpaikf;fhfNth my;yJ Mizr; rPln ; lhd;iw my;yJ Mizr;rl P b ; d; Ngupy; toq;fg;gl;l gazr; rPln ; lhd;iw gad;gLj;j Kbahkw; Nghdikf;fhf nghJ KfhikahsuplkpUe;J ngWkjpia kPsspg;Gf; NfhutpayhJ. gad;gLj;jg;glhj Mizr;rl P n ; lhd;wpUg;gpd; cldbahf mjid toq;fpa jpizf;fsj; jiytuplk; jpUg;gpf; nfhLj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. ngwg;gl;l gazr;rl P n ; lhd;W gad;gLj;jg;glhjtplj;J my;yJ xU gFjp gad;gLj;jg;gl;ltplj;J (ntspr;nry;if my;yJ nrd;W kPsi ; f) gpuahzk; njhlq;Fk; Gifapuj epiya nghWg;gjpfhhpaplk; my;yJ gpuahzk; ,ileLtpy; Kbf;fg;gl;lhy; me;j ,ileLtpYs;s Gifapuj epiyag; nghWg;gjpfhupaplk; mwptpj;J gazr;rl P b ; d; kPJ ,uj;Jr; nra;ag;gl;lJ cgNahfg;gLj;jg;gltpy;iy Gifapuj epiyaj;Jf;F mg;ghy; cgNahfg;gLj;jg;gltpy;iy: vd vOjp Gifapuj epiyag; nghWg;gjpfhhpapd; xg;gk;> jpfjp> Neuk; vd;gtw;iw ,ly; Ntz;Lk;. mjd; gpd;dh;> Gifapuj epiyag; nghWg;gjpfhhpapdhy; Gifapujk; 123 vd;Dk; gbtk; cupa tifapy; g+h;jj ; pnra;ag;gl;L rhd;WWjpg;gLj;jg;gl Ntz;Lnkd;gNjhL> cj;jpNahfj;jH gad;gLj;jhj gazr;rl P i ; l gad;gLj;jhikf;Fupa fhuzj;ij tpsf;Ffpd;w$w;NwhL Fwpj;j gbtj;ij Mizr;rl P i ; l toq;fpa jpizf;fsj; jiytUf;F jhkjkpd;wp mDg;gp itj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. vtNuDNkhh; cj;jpNahfj;jh; Kd;dh; ngw;Wf; nfhz;l Mizr;rl P n ; lhd;Wf;Fg; gjpyhf NtNwhh; Mizr;rl P i ; lg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;tjw;fhf tpzz ; g;gpf;ff; fUJkplj;J> mth; ,uj;Jr; nra;jy; fl;lzj;ij Gifapuj epiyag; nghWg;gjpfhhpf;F gzk; %yk; nrYj;jpg; ngw;Wf;nfhz;l gw;Wr;rl P i ; l mtuJ jpizf;fsj; jiytupd; Clhf nghJ KfhikahsUf;Fr; rkh;gg ; pj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 4:2 gad;gLj;jg;glhj gazr;rl P L ; njhlh;gpy; tuT Mizr;rl P L ; topngw;Wg; gpd; gad;gLj;jg;glhnjhope;j gazr;rl P L ; f;fspd; ngWkjp tuT rhu;ghd tpz;zg;gk; gad;gLj;jhikf;Fupa fhuz tpsf;fj;Jld; Neufhyj;jpy; jpizf;fsj; jiytupdhy; nghJ KfhikahsUf;F mDg;gg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. gazr; rPlL ; f;fs; cz;ikapy; gad;gLj;jg;gltpy;iy vd nghJ Kfhikahsh; jpUg;jpAwpd; mth; rk;ge;jg;gl;l jpizf;fsj;jpw;Fg; Gwk;ghd tuT cWjpr;rl P L ; fis toq;Fthh;. mj;jpizf;fsk; mit njhlh;gpy; tuT itf;fg;gl Ntz;ba nryTj; jiyg;G>
160

mj;jpahak; XIII

vJntdf; Fwpg;gpl;L mjidj; jpUg;gp mDg;Gjy; Ntz;Lk;. MapDk; 4/- &ghTf;F my;yJ mjw;Ff; Fiwe;j ngWkjp nfhz;l gazr;rl P n ; lhd;wpd; ngWkjp kPsspf;fg;gl khl;lhJ.

5.

nghl;lyq; yq;fs;> gaz %ilfs; vd;gtw;iwf; nfhz;L nry;yy;

5:1 ,t;nthOq;F tpjpfspd; fPo; Mizr;rl P n ; lhd;W rhh;ghf tpepNahfpf;fg;gl;l nry;ifr; rPln ; lhd;iwNah my;yJ rYifg; gazr;rl P n ; lhd;iwNah my;yJ gazr; rPli ; lNah itj;jpUf;Fk; xUth; Giftz;bapw; nry;Yk; rhjhuz gpuahzpnahUth; nfhz;L nry;yf;; $ba msT gazg; nghjpapid> ,ytrkhff; nfhz;Lnry;Yk; cupj;Jz;L. 5:2 gpd;tUk; nry;yyhk;:nghUl;fis Giftz;b %yk; ,ytrkhff; nfhz;L

5:2:1 rdhjpgjp> gpujk mikr;rh; MfpNahupd; jhgdq;fSf;Fupa my;yJ mth;fSf;F tpyhrkplg;gl;l gazg; nghjpfs;> Nkhl;lhh; tz;bfs;> tpyq;Ffs; Mjpad. 5:2:2 Gifapujj; jpizf;fsj;jpd; gazpfs; kw;Wk; gazg; nghjpfs; Nghf;Ftuj;Jj; njhlh;ghd xOq;Ftpjpf; Nfhitapd; 32(13) Mk; gphptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s epWtdq;fspy; cs;sth;fspd; ghtidf;fhf mDg;gg;gLfpd;w ntFkjpfnsdf; fhl;Lk; vOj;J %y rhd;wpjnohd;W ,izf;fg;gl;bUg;gpd;> me;epWtdq;fSf;F ntFkjpfshf mDg;gg;gLk; czTg; nghUl;fs;> Jzp kzpfs;> E}y;fs;> nra;jpg; gj;jphpiffs; Mfpad. 5:2:3 Gifapuj nghJ Kfhikahsupdhy; mjpfhukspf;fg;gl;Ls;sthW gUtfhy ml;ilr; nry;ifr; rPlb ; idAila cj;jpNahfj;jHfspd; Jtpr;rf;fu tz;bfs;. 5:3 nghjpfs; Ntz;Lk;. nghUis Nkw;Fwpj;j cg gpuptpd;gb ,ytrkhf nfhz;L nry;yg;gLfpd;w gazg; ahTk; mDg;gw; gl;baypNyh> my;yJ topg; gl;baypNyh Fwpf;fg;gly; mDg;gw; gl;baypNyh my;yJ topg; gl;baypNyh Fwpf;fg;glhJ VNjDk; mDg;g Kay;tJ Nkhrbahff; fUjg;gLk;.

6. ml;ilr; nry;ifr; rPlL ; fs;> rYifg; gUtg; gazr; rPlL ; fs;


6:1 gUtr; nry;ifr; rPln ; lhd;W my;yJ murhq;f rYifg; gUtg; gazr;rl P n ; lhd;W tpepNahfpf;fg;gLtJ nghJ KfhikahsupdhyhFk;. mjid itj;jpUg;gtUf;F mjpw; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s NjjpfspilNaAk;> epiyaq;fSf;fpilNaAk; ve;Neuj;jpYk; gpuahzk; nra;tjw;F cupj;Jz;L. 6:2 mj;jifa xt;nthU nry;ifr; rPlb ; Yk;> gazr; rPlb ; Yk; (murhq;fk; mjpfhukspj;j ghuhl;L topapYk;> Vida topapYkpad;w rPlL ; f;fs; jtph;jJ ; ) gpd;tUk; Kj;jpiuapidr; re;jh;gg ; j;jpw;F Vw;wthW ,ly; Ntz;Lk;;. murhq;ff; flikg; nghUl;L gad;gLj;jw;F khj;jpuk;; my;yJ flikNtisapy; flikg;nghUl; cgNahfpg;gjw;F khj;jpuk; 6:3 gUt ml;ilr; nry;ifr; rPlL ; f;fs; my;yJ murhq;f rYifg; gUtg; gazr; rPlL ; f;fs; ngWk; cupj;Jila cj;jpNahfj;jh;fs; ahtnud;gJ 12 Mk; gpd;dpizg;gpy; fhl;lg;gl;Ls;sJ.
T T T T T T T

6:4 ml;ilr; nry;ifr; rPlb ; id my;yJ rYifg; gazr; rPlb ; id itj;jpUg;gth; mjid itj;jpUj;jw;F cupikaspj;j gjtpapid tpl;L tpyFfpd;w NghJ my;yJ gjpyhs; xUtiu epakpf;f Ntz;ba tpjj;jpy; tpLKiwapy;
161

mj;jpahak; XIII

nry;fpd;w NghJ my;yJ mjid cgNahfpj;jw;Fupa fhyk; Kbtilfpd;w NghJ mjid nghJ KfhikahsUf;Fj; jpUg;gpf; nfhLj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 6:5 nry;ifr; rPli ; l my;yJ rYifg; gazr; rPli ; l gad;gLj;j KbtJ> 13 Mk; gpd;dpizg;gpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s ngah; Fwpf;fg;gl;l xUtuhy; mr; nry;ifr; rPlb ; y;/ rYifg; gazr;rl P b ; y; Fwpf;fg;gl;Ls;s fhy> ,l vy;iyfSf;Fl;gl;NlahFk;. ; mjid NtnwhUtUf;Fk; ifkhw;Wjy; MfhJ.
T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T

162

mj;jpahak; XIV
cs;ehl;by; flikg; gpuahzk;
1. nghJ 2. gaznkhd; gaznkhd;W njhlq;fpa ,lk; 3. rpf;fdk; 4. ,ize;j gb 5. gpuahz tif 6. Gifapuj gpuahzj;jpw;Fg; gjpyhf tPjp %ykhd gpuahzk; 7. nghJ thfdj;Jf;Fg; gjpyhf jdpg;gl;l my;yJ thliff;nfLf;fg;gl;l thfdk; %ykhd gpuahzk; 8. iky; $yp: Nkhl;lhh; tz;bfs; 9. iky; $yp: Vida thfdq;fs; 10. 10. ,uty; ,uty; Nkhl;lhh; tz;bfis cgNahfpj;jy; 11. 11. xU thfdk; xd;Wf;F Nkw;gl;l cj;jpNahfj;ju;fshy; cgNahfpf;fg;gLjy; 12. wg;gl;l gbfs; 12. khw;wg; gbfs; 13. 13. epiyahd - Nghf;Ftuj;Jg; gbfs; gbfs; 14. ;fs; 14. njhopyhsu;fspd; fl;lzq zqfs; 15. 15. thfdj;ij Gifapujj;jpy; Vw;wpr; nry;Yjy; 16. 16. gpuahzj;Jf;F ,ilepfo;thd Vida nryTfs; nryTfs; 17. 17. Gifapujj;jpy; gpuahzk; nra;a Kbe;j tFg;G 18. P L ; f;fs; fs; 18. Gifapuj Mizr;rl
163

19. . rhujpfs;> mYtyf rpw;W}opaHfs;> Ntiyahl;fs; 19 20. 20. epiyakhw;wj;jpd; kPjhd gpuahzr; nryTfspd; nfhLg;gdTfs;: ,ize;j gbfs; 21. 21. epiya khw;wj;jpd; kPjhd gpuahzr; nryTfspd; nryTfspd; nfhLg;gdTfs;: cj;jpNahfj;jhpdJk; hpdJk;; mtuJ FLk;gj;jpduJk; Nghf;Ftuj;J 22. 22. epiya khw; khw;wj;jpd; kPjhd gpuahzr; nryTfspd; nfhLg;gdTfs;> jsghlq;fs; Mjpadtw;iwf; nfhz;L nry;yy; 23. 23. nrhe;j Cu; gpuNjrj;jpw;Ff;; nfhz;L nry;yy;; 24. 24. FWfpa mwptpj;jypy; ,lkhw;wq;fs;> ,lkhw;wq;fis gpw;Nghly; kw;Wk; ePff ; y; y; 25. ;elj;ij vd;Dk; VJtpd; kPjhd ,lkhw;wq;fs; 25. Ju;elj; 26. 26. Mizf;FOf;fspdJk; tpNrl FOf;fspdJk; cWg;gpdu;fs; 27. 27. gpuahzr; nryTfis vjpu;nfhs;tjw;fhd Kw;gzq;fs; 28. 28. gpuahzr; nrytpd; Nfhupf;ifg; fg; gbtq;fs; 29. 29. Fwpj;j rpy tifahd cj;jpNahfG+h;t gpuahzq;fs; 30. ; j ; Vida Ml;fs; 30. murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jh;fs; jtpu; jtpue 31. 31. ghuhSkd;w cWg;gpdu;fs;

164

mj;jpahak; XIV
cs;ehl;by; flikg; gpuahzk;
1. nghJ
1:1 jdJ flikfis epiwNtw;Wtjw;fhf gpuahzk; nra;tjw;Fj; Njitg;gLj;jg;gLfpd;w Xh; murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F gpd;tUk; xOq;FtpjpfSf;fika mtuJ gpuahzr; nryTfs; nfhLg;gdT nra;ag;gLk;. 1:2 ,f;nfhLg;gdT cz;ikapy; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;l gpuahzq;fspd; nrytpdq;fis my;yJ flik eltbf;iffSf;fhf Fwpj;njhJf;fg;gl;Ls;s thfdnkhd;wpd; NgZifr; nrytpdq;fis kPsspg;Gr; nra;fpd;w xU nfhLg;gdT KiwNanahopa> jdpgg ; l;l Ntjdhjpfspd; ,ay;gpy; Nkw;nfhs;sg;glf; $ba xU nfhLg;gdT Kiwad;W. 1:3 tiutpyf;fzq;fs; ,t;tj;jpahaj;jpy; ,ize;jgb vd;gJ s :ciwtplj;Jf;fhfTk;> czTf;fhfTk; cwg;gl;l nrytpdq;fspd; kPsspg;ghFk;. ,il epfo;Tr; nrytpdk; vd;gJ 16Mk; gpuptpy; jug;gl;Ls;s gzj; njhifahFk;. iky;$yp vd;gJ Nkhl;lhh; fhu; iky;$ypahf> Nkhl;lhu; iky;$ypahf my;yJ Jtpr;rf;futz;b iky; $ypahf ,Uf;fyhk;. irf;fps;

rk;gsk; vd;gJ NtW tifapy; tpgupf;fg;gl;bUe;jhNyNaad;wp epiyahd gjtp xd;Wf;fhd xd;Wjpul;lg;gl;l Gjpa rk;gsk;> gjpy; flikahw;Wk; xU gjtpapd; Gjpa xd;Wjpul;lg;gl;l Muk;gr; rk;gsk; Mfpa ,t;tpuz;by; vJ $baNjh mJntdg; nghUs;gLk;. gpuahzr; nryTfs;> vd;gjd; %yk; fUjg;gLtJ tPjp %ykhf thfdq;fspy; Nghf;Ftuj;Jr; nra;tjpy; nrytplg;gl;l nryT kPsspg;ghf nfhLg;gdT nra;ag;gLfpd;w iky; $ypahFk;; (Gifapujg; Nghf;Ftuj;J fl;lzkpd;wp Mizr;rl P L ; %yk; Vw;ghL nra;ag;gLfpd;wJ)> iky; $yp jPHkhdpf;fg;gLtJ gpuahzk; nra;j iky;fspd; vz;zpf;iff;F mikthd chpa fl;lzq;fspd; mbg;gilapNyNa MFk;. efuhl;rp vd;gJ khefu rig my;yJ efu rig vdg; nghUs;gLk;. 1:4 gpuahzf; Nfhupf;if> mjw;fhf Vw;ghL nra;ag;gl;l mr;rplg;gl;l gbtj;jpy; rku;g;gpf;fg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. Nghf;Ftuj;J nra;ag;gl;l thfdj;jpd; tif kw;Wk; mjd; gjpT nra;ag;gl;l ,yf;fk; vd;gd Nfhupf;ifapy; Fwpg;gplg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;.

2.

gaznkhd; gaznkhd;W njhlq;fpa ,lk;


,lk; 2:2Mk; cl;gpupTf;F

2:1 Xu; cj;jpNahfG+h;t gazj;jpd; njhlf;f mikthf cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; njhopy; GhpAk; ,lkhFk;.

2:2 mtu; cz;ikapNyNa mtuJ tjptplj;jpypUe;J gazj;ij Muk;gpj;jpUe;jhy; mtuJ tjptplk; njhlq;fpa ,lkhff; fUjg;glKbtJ mtuJ njhopy; GhpAk; ,lk; ve;j efuhl;rp vy;iyf;Fs; mike;Js;sNjh mtuJ tjptplk; mNj efuhl;rp ,lg;gug;gpDs;NsNa mike;jpUf;Fkplj;J my;yJ mtuJ tjptplk; mtuJ njhopy; GhpAk; ,lj;jpypUe;J 4 iky;fSf;Fs; mike;jpUf;Fkplj;J. my;yJ mtu; Nru Ntz;ba ,lj;jpypUe;J mtuJ tjptplk; mtuJ njhopy; GhpAk; ,lj;ij tpl mz;ikapy; mike;jpUf;Fkplj;J MFk;.
165

mj;jpahak; XIV

3.

rpf;fdk; dk;

3:1 flikg; gpuahzk; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl Ntz;baJ> me;je;j #o;epiyfSf;fika kpf tpiuthfTk;> $basT FWfpa J}uk; nfhz;l ; kw;Wk; murhq;fj;Jf;F Mff;Fiwe;j nryit cz;Lgz;Zk; tpjj;jpYNkahFk;. 3:2 epyTfpd;w epiyikfSf;fika njhiyJ}ug; ghijnahd;W}lhf nry;tjw;fhd my;yJ ,iltopapy; jupj;Jr; nry;tjw;fhd mtrpak; Vw;gbd; mt;thW mtrpag;gl;likf;fhd fhuzk; gpuahzf; Nfhupf;ifapy; fhl;lg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. 3:3 Xu; cj;jpNahfj;jh;> ; mtrpakpy;yhJ> murhq;fj;Jf;Ff; $Ljyhd nryit cz;L gz;zf;$ba xU topapy; my;yJ tpjj;jpy; gpuahzk; nra;jhy;> mtUf;Ff; nfhLg;gdT nra;ag;gLtJ kpff;Fiwe;j nrytpy; mtu; gpuahzk; nra;jpUe;jhy; mtUf;Ff; nfhLg;gdT nra;ag;gltpUe;j me;jj; njhif khj;jpuNk MFk;.

4. ,ize;j gb
4:1 nfhLg;gdT nra;a Kbe;j re;jHg;gq;fs; 12Mk; gpuptpd; Vw;ghLfSf;fikthf> flikapd; NghJ gpuahzk; nra;Ak; Xu; cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F> cj;jpNahfG+h;t flikf;fhf jdJ Nrit epiyaj;jpypUe;J ntspNa cs;s fhyg; gFjpfspd; NghJ 4:5 kw;Wk; 4:6 vd;Dk; cl; gpupTfspy; tpjpj;Jiuf;fg;gl;lthW ciwtplj;jpw;f ; hfTk; czTf;fhfTkhd mtuJ ,ize;j nryit <Lnra;tjw;fhd gbnahd;W nrYj;jg;gLk;. MapDk; gpuahzk; nra;ag;gl;l nkhj;j J}uk; VO iky;fSf;F Nkw;gl;ljhf ,Uj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 4:2 flikg; gb njhopy; Ghpfpd;w ,lj;jpy; flikapd; NghJ ,uitf; fopg;gjw;fhf ,ize;j gbf;Fg; gjpyhf flikg;gbnahd;W nfhLg;gdT nra;ag;gLfpd;w Xu; cj;jpNahfj;jh;> mtuJ tjptplj;Jf;Fk; njhopy; Ghpfpd;w ,lj;Jf;Fk; ,ilapyhd J}uk; vt;thwpUe;j NghjpYk; me;jg; gbiag; ngw;Wf; nfhs;syhk;. 4:3 efuj;jpw;Fs; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLfpd;w gazk; - fl;lhak; tPlL ; f;F ntspNa Xh; ,uT jq;f Ntz;ba mtrpaj;ij Vw;gLj;jpdhNyad;wp ntWkNd xU efuhl;rp vy;iyf;Fs; khj;jpuk; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLfpd;w xU gazj;Jf;F ,ize;j gb nrYj;jg;gl KbahJ. 4:4 ve;jf; fhyg;gFjpf;Fr; nrYj;jg;glw;ghyJ 24 kzpjj ; pahyq;fisf; nfhz;l xt;nthU G+uzkhd fhyg;gFjpf;Fk; 4:5 Mk; cl;gpuptpy; tpjpjJ ; iuf;fg;gl;Ls;sthWk;> ; mjd; VNjDk; ghfj;Jf;F gpd;tUkhW tpjpf;fg;gl;l tpfpjhrhu mbg;gilapYk; ,ize;jgb nrYj;jg;glw;ghyjhFk;:12 kzpjj ; pahyq;fSf;Ff; Fiwahj xU fhyg;gFjpf;F KO ,ize;j gb 6 kzpj;jpahyq;fSf;Ff; Fiwahj xU fhyg;gFjpf;F miuthrp ,ize;j gb 4:4:1 6 kzpjj ; pahyq;fSf;Ff; Fiwahj xU fhyg;gFjpf;F ve;j ,ize;j gbAk; nrYj;jg;glw;ghyjhfhJ. 4:4:2 ,ize;j gb> njhlu;rr ; pahfTk;; ,ilaPlw;wjhfTk; Nritepiyaj;jpw;F ntspapy; fopf;fg;gl;l fhyg;gFjpf;F kl;LNk nrYj;jg;glw;ghyjhFk;> jilaPLs;s fhyg;gFjpfis xd;W NrHj;j nkhj;jf; fhyg;gFjpnahd;wpw;F ,g;gbia nfhLg;gdT nra;a KbahJ. 4:4:3 Xu; cj;jpNahfj;jh;; 24 kzpjj ; pahyq;fSf;F mjpfkhf Nrit epiyaj;J ; f;F ntspNa nrytpLk;NghJ %d;W thu cr;rf;fhy vy;iy tiu>
166

mj;jpahak; XIV

xt;nthU 24 kzpj;jpahy fhyg;gFjpf;Fk; ,ize;j gbapd; 25% tPjk; Nkyjpfkhf mtUf;Fr; nrYj;jg;glyhk;. Nkyjpf 25% ,ize;j gb> 24 kzpj;jpahyq;fSf;Ff; Fiwe;j VNjDnkhU fhyg;gFjpf;Fr; nrYj;jg;glw;ghyjhfhJ. 4:4:4 xU rhujp my;yJ cjtpahsu; 4:4:3 ,y; Fwpg;gL P nra;ag;gl;l 25% Nkyjpff; nfhLg;gditg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s cupj;Jilatuy;yH. 4:5 fl;lzj;njhif nfhLg;gdT nra;ag;gl Ntz;ba ,ize;j gb jPhk ; hdpf;fg;gl Ntz;baJ> fPot ; UkhW fhl;lg;gl;Ls;s cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUthpd; Mz;nlhd;Wf;fhd rk;gsj;jpd; (1:3Mk; cl;gpupitg; ghu;ff ; ) mbg;gilapyhFk;. 24 kzpj;jpahyq;fisg; G+u;jj ; p nra;j xt;nthU fhyg;gFjpf;Fk; &. Mz;nlhd;Wf;F &.6900/-k; mjw;Ff; Fiwe;jJk; Mz;nlhd;Wf;F tiu Mz;nlhd;Wf;F tiu &.6901/njhlf;fk;
&.13>500 &.30>400

rk;gsk; sk;

r. 00 00 00 00

50 60 70 90

&.13>501/-njhlf;fk;

Mz;nlhd;Wf;F &.30>401/-k; mjw;F Nkw;gl;lJk;

4:5:1 rdhjpgjpf;F> gpujk ke;jpupf;F> Xh; mikr;rUf;F> cau; ePjpkd;wj;jpd; xU ePjpgjpf;F> Nkd;KiwaPlL ; ePjpkd;wj;jpd; xU ePjpgjpf;F> xU gpujp mikr;rUf;F kw;Wk; ghuhSkd;w cWg;gpdnuhUtUf;F nrYj;jg;glw;ghyjhd ,ize;jgb gpd;tUdthjy; Ntz;Lk;:rdhjpgjp VidNahu; ehshe;jk; &. 200 ehshe;jk; &. 150

4:6 ehl;rk;gs cj;jpNahfj;jh;; ehl;rk;gsk; ngWfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtupd; Mz;nlhd;Wf;fhd rk;gskhtJ mtuJ jpdf; nfhLg;gdit 300,dhy; ngUf;f tUfpd;w gzj;njhifahFk;. 4:7 VNjDNkhH ,lj;jpy; jq;fp epw;wy; y - Xu; cj;jpNahfj;ju; VNjDNkhH ,lj;jpy; %d;W ehl;fSf;F Nky; jq;f Neupl;lhy; mtu; mq;qdk; jq;f Neupl;ljw;fhd mtrpaj;ij gpuahzf; Nfhupf;ifapy; fhl;Ljy; Ntz;Lk;. mt;thW Fwpg;gplg;glhtplj;J %d;W ehl;fSf;F Nkw;gLfpd;w ve;jnthU fhyf;nfL rhh;ghfTk; mtUf;F gbfs; nrYj;jg;glyhfhJ. 4:8 ePzl ; fhyk; jq;fp epw;wy; - VNjDNkhhplj;jpy; cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUth; jq;fp epw;wy; jtphf;f KbahjthW ePbf;fpd;w NghJ. mt;thW jq;fp epw;f Ntz;b te;jikf;fhd fhuzk; epahakhdnjd jpizf;fsj; jiyth; jpUg;jpailAkplj;J> mtUf;F 3 khj cr;r vy;iyf;Fl;gl;L mt;thW jq;fp epd;w fhyj;jpw;fhf mtUf;F KOikahd ,ize;j gbia nrYj;j KbAk;.

167

mj;jpahak; XIV

5.

gpuahz tif:

5:1 Gifapuj gpuahzj;Jf;Fg; gjpyhf tPjpg; gpuahzk; mDkjpf;fg;gl;bUf;Fk; NghJ:- flik eltbf;iff;fhf gpuahzk; nra;fpd;w Xu; cj;jpNahfj;jh; (mtu; iky; $ypf;F cupj;JilatuhapDk; rup my;yhtpbDk; rup)> VNjDnkhU gazj;ij my;yJ mjd; VNjDnkhU ghfj;ij Gifapujj;jpy; nry;y KbAkhapd; mjid mth; Gifapujj;jpNyNa nry;yy; Ntz;Lk;. me;Nehf;fj;Jf;F mtUf;F Gifapuj Mizr;rl P L ; toq;fg;gLk;. 6:1. njhlf;fk; 6:9 tiuapyhd cl;gpupTfspy; Vw;ghL nra;ag;gl;Ls;s re;ju;gg ; q;fspy; xopa> mj;jifa gazk; my;yJ mjd; xU ghfk; njhlu;gpy; iky;$yp; nrYj;jg;glkhl;lhJ. 5:2 nghJ thfdnkhd;wpy; nry;tjw;Fg; gjpyhf jdpg;gl;l thfdnkhd;wpy; my;yJ thliff;fkh;jj ; g;gl;l jdpahh; thfdnkhd;wpy; nry;tjw;F mDkjpaspf;fg;gl;Ls;s NghJ:- ,q;F 7:1 ypUe;J 7:7 tiuapyhd cg gphpTfspy; fhl;lg;gl;Ls;s re;jh;g;gq;fs; jtpu> KOg; gpuahzj;ijAk; nghJ thfdnkhd;wpy; nry;y Kbe;j xU gazj;jpw;F iky; $ypia toq;f KbahJ. 5:2:1 thliff;F Xl;lg;gLfpd;w ,yq;if Nghf;Ftuj;Jr; rigapd; xU thfdk; toikahf thliff;F Xl;lg;gLk; (Gifapujk; my;yhj) NtW ePuhtp ,ae;jpuk; my;yJ glF> nghJg; Nghf;Ftuj;J thfdnkhd;whff; fUjg;gLk;. 5:3 cs;Su; thd;Nrit %yk; gpuahzk; gpuahzk; nra;jy; - Mrdnkhd;W jplkhfNt xJf;fL P nra;ag;gl Ntz;baJ mtrpankdpy; jpizf;fsj; jiytu; gzk; nfhLj;J rPli ; l thq;Ftjw;F cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUf;F mjpfhukspj;J tpl;L gpd;dh; rPlL ; f;fhd nryTj;njhifia kPsspf;fyhk;.> ; MapDk; mt;thW nra;aKbtJ> tpNrl Kf;fpaj;Jtk; tha;ej ; my;yJ kpf mtrukhd xU fUkj;jpd; NghjhFk;. mj;jifa mDkjp toq;fg;gLifapy; jpizf;fsj; jiytuhy; mijj; J}z;ba tpNrl fhuzq;fs; gjpT nra;ag;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;> mt;thwpd;Nwy; tpkhdf; fl;lzk;> ,ize;jgb kw;Wk; ,il epfo;Tr; nrytpdq;fs; cs;spl;l thd; topg; Nghf;Ftuj;Jr; nrytpdq;fs;> cj;jpNahfj;jh; Gifapujj;jpD}lhf mg;gpuahzj;ij Nkw;nfhz;lhy; $wg;gLfpd;w ,ize;jgb kw;Wk; ,il epfo;Tr; nrytpdq;fs; vd;gtw;wpYk; ( Gifapuj Mizr; rPlb ; d; ngWkjp jtph;ej ; ) ghh;ff ; FiwthftpUf;Fkplj;J> 5:4 thliff;nfLf;fg;gLk; Nkhl;lhh; fhnuhd; fhnuhd;iw cgNahfpj;jy; kPjhd kl;Lg;ghLfs; hLfs; Nkhl;lhu; fhu; iky;$ypf;F cupj;JilatUk;> Gifapuj Nritnahd;wpy;yhj topfspy; toikahfTk; $LjyhfTk; khjhe;jk;; gpuahzk; nra;a Ntz;batUkhd Xu; cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F> xU Nkhl;lhu; thfdj;ij itj;jpUf;FkhW jpizf;fsj;jiytH Njitg;gLj;jp> mtUf;F iky;$ypf; fhu; xd;iw thliff;F vLg;gjw;Fg; gjpyhf 13Mk; gpuptpy; Vw;ghL nra;ag;gl;lthwhf epu;zapf;fg;gl;l Nghf;Ftuj;Jg; gbia toq;Fjy; Ntz;Lk;. cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth; thlif Nkhl;lhh;fhh; iky; $yp vd;w tifapy; xt;nthU khjKk; ngUe;njhifapy; gzk; ngw;Wf; nfhs;stpyi ; ynad;gjw;F jpizf;fsj;jiyth; nghWg;ghjy; Ntz;Lk;. 5:5 murhq;f thfdq;fs; - murhq;f thfdnkhd;W fpilf;ff;$bajhf cs;s xU gpuahzj;Jf;fhf jdpahu; my;yJ thliff;nfLf;fg;gl;l thfdk;> cgNahfg;gLj;jg;gLjyhfhJ. 5:5:1 ,q;F gpupT 6,y; Vw;ghL nra;ag;gl;Ls;sthNw xopa> Gifapujr; NritAs;s xU topapy;; murhq;f thfdk; cgNahfg;gLj;jg;gLjyhfhJ.

168

mj;jpahak; XIV

6. Gifapuj gpuahzj;Jf;Fg; gjpyhf tPjp %ykhd gpuahzk;


6:1 Nrhjidaply; flikfisg; Guptjw;F Gifapujj;jpd; %yky;yhJ tPjp %yk; gpuahzk; nra;tjw;fhd mtrpaNkw;gLfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtUf;F> mtu; 8:2 my;yJ 9:1 Mk; cl;gpupTfspy; tpjpf;fg;gl;l chpa fl;lzj; njhiffspy; iky;$ypia Nfhu KbAk;. 6:2 Xh; mikr;ru;> khtl;l mikr;ru;> gpujp mikr;ru;> nrayhsu;> jpiwNrup gpujpr; nrayhsu; MfpNahh; jkJ flikfis epiwNtw;Wtjw;fhf> tPjp %ykhfg; gpuahzk; nra;tjw;Fk; 8:2 Mk; cl;gpuptpy; tpjpf;fg;gl;Ls;s fl;lzj; njhiff;fika iky;$ypiaf; Nfhu KbAk;. 6:3 XH cj;jpNahfj;jH tPjp %ykhfr; nrd;w xU gazj;jpd; NghJ nrYj;jg;glw; ghyjhd nkhj;j iky;$ypAk;> ,ize;j gbapUg;gpd; mJTk; kw;Wk; ,ilepfo;Tr; nryTfSk; vd;w nkhj;jg;gzk;> Gifapujk; %ykhfg; gpuahzk; nra;a Ntz;bapUg;gpd; mtUf;Fr; nrYj;jg;glw;ghyjhd ,ize;jgbiaAk; kw;Wk; ,ilepfo;Tr; nryTfisAk; tplf; (Gifapuj gpuahzj;jpd; nryTfs; jtph;ej ; ) FiwthapUf;Fkplj;J> cz;ikapy; tPjp %ykhfg; gpuahzk; nra;jikf;fhf> 8:2 my;yJ 9:1 Mk; cg gphptpy; tpjpf;fg;gl;Ls;s fl;lzj; njhiff;Nfw;g mtUf;F iky;$yp nrYj;jg;glyhk;. 6:4 Xu; cj;jpNahfj;jh; jdJ Nkhl;lhu; thfdj;jpid vLj;Jr; nry;tjw;F 16:1:3Mk; cl;gpuptpd; fPo; Gifapuj Mizr;rl P n ; lhd;iwg; ngw cupj;JilatuhapUf;Fk; NghJ mtu; jdJ thfdj;ij Vw;wpr; nry;tjw;Fg; gjpyhf> tPjp %ykhf mjpy; gpuahzk; nra;J 8:2 my;yJ 9:1 Mk; cl;gpuptpy; tpjpf;fg;gl;Ls;s fl;lzj;njhiff;Nfw;g iky;$ypiaf; Nfhuyhk;. MapDk; mt;thW nra;a KbtJ nry;yTs;s ,lj;jpw;F> Gifapuj %ykhd jdpg; gazj;jpw;fhd J}uk; 50 iky;fSf;F Nkw;glhkNyh@ my;yJ tPjp topj; J}uk;> Gifapuj topj; J}uj;jpd; %d;wpy; ,uz;il tplf; FiwthfNth ,Ue;jhy; khj;jpuNkahFk;. 6:5 jdJ Nkhl;lhu; thfdj;ij Vw;wpr; nry;tjw;F Gifapuj Mizr;rl P n ; lhd;Wf;F cupj;JilatuhapUe;j NghjpYk;>> mjw;Fg; gjpyhf> tPjp %ykhf 50 iky;fSf;F Nkw;gl;l J}uj;ij mk; Nkhl;lhh; thfdj;jpy;; gpuahzk; nra;j Xh; cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F mt;thW gpuahzk; nra;j J}uk; 130 iky;fisj; jhz;lhjtplj;J> Nkhl;lhu; fhnuhd;Wf;F xt;nthU ikYf;Fk; &6/- vd;w tPjj;jpYk; Nkhl;lhu; irf;fpSf;F xt;nthU ikYf;Fk; &.1/- vd;w tPjj;jpYk; iky;$yp nrYj;jg;glyhk;. 6:6 cl;gpupT 8:1 ,d; fPo; Nkhl;lhh; fhu; iky;$ypf;F cupj;JilatuhapUf;Fk; Xu; cj;jpNahfj;jh;> Gifapujk; %yk; gpuahzk; nra;af;$ ; ba ,lq;fSf;F Nkhl;lhh; fhu; %yk; gpuahzk; nra;J> gazj;Jf;fhd iky;$ypiag; gpd;tUkhW Nfhuyhk;:6:6:1 Giftz;bapy; gpuahzk; nra;a Ntz;ba J}uk;> jdpg; gazj;Jf;F 20 iky;fSf;F Nkw;glhjpUe;jhy;> 8:2 Mk; cl;gpuptpy; cs;s fl;lzj; njhiff;F mikathFk;. 6:6:2 Gifapuj %yg; gpuahzk; nra;aNtz;ba J}uk; xU topg;gazj;Jf;F 20 iky;fSf;F Nkw;gl;ljhapDk; 50 iky;fSf;F Nkw;glhjjhftpUg;gpd;> xt;nthU ikYf;Fk; &gh 6 vd;w tPjj;jpyhFk;. (,J 6:9 Mk; cl;gpuptpd; fPo; nryTfSf;F Nfhupf;if nra;tjw;fhd Xu; mYtyupd; cupikia ,t;nthOf;ftpjp gq;fg;gLj;jhJ.) 6:7 vtNuDNkhh; cj;jpNahfj;jh; nghJ eyd; fUjp ghij topg; Nghf;Ftuj;ij Nkw;nfhs;tjtrpankdj; jpizf;fsj; jiytnuhUth; fUJkplj;J> Gifapuj Nrit fhzg;gLfpd;w xU khh;ff ; j;jpyhapDk; $l mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jUf;F
169

mj;jpahak; XIV

ghijtopg; Nghf;Ftuj;ij Nkw;nfhs;tjw;fhd mq;ff P huj;ij jdf;Fs;s jw;WzpGf;fpzq;f toq;Ftjw;F jpizf;fsj; jiytUf;F KbAk;. mj;jifa mDkjpnahd;W toq;fg;gl;Ls;stplj;J> ,r; rl;l tpjpfspYs;s vt;Ntw;ghLfisAk; fUj;jpnyLf;fhJ KOikahd iky; $ypiag; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jUf;F chpj;Jz;L. 6:7:1 mj;jifa mDkjpia toq;Fk; NghJ jpizf;fsj; jiytu;> mjw;fhd fhuzq;fis KOikahfg; gjpT nra;J> mt;thW toq;fg;gl;l> mDkjpf; fbjj;jpdJk;> fhuzq;fs; gjpT nra;ag;gl;l mwpf;ifapdJk; gpujpfis nrayhsUf;Fk;> fzf;fha;thsu; ehafj;jpw;Fk; mDg;Gjy; Ntz;Lk;. 6:7:2 ,e;j mDkjp toq;fg;gl Ntz;baJ jpizf;fsj; jiytuhy; jdpg;gl;l KiwapyhFk;. jpizf;fsj; jiytu; njhlu;ghapd; mjid toq;f Ntz;bath; nrayhsh; Mthh;. 6:8 mDkhdpf;fg;glf;$ba gpuahzr; nryTf; Nfhupf;iffs; ffs - Nkw;Fwpj;j gphpTfspy; ve;jnthU gphptpd; fPNoAk; iky;$ypiaf; NfhUtjw;F chpj;jw;w NghjpYk; Nkhl;lhh; fhnuhd;wpy; gpuahznkhd;iw Nkw;nfhs;fpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUf;F> Nkhl;lhh; fhhpy; nry;fpd;w mg;gazj;jpw;fhff; NfhUfpd;w iky;$ypAk;> ,ize;j gbAk;> mth; mg;gazj;ij Gifapujj;jpy; nrd;why; mjw;fhf mth; nrYj;jtpUe;j mDkhdpf;fg;gl;l nrytpdq;fspYk; ghh;ff ; f; Fiwthapd;> mth; mg; gazj;ij Gifapujj;jpy; nrd;wjhff; fUjp mg;gazj;jpw;fhf ,ize;j gbiaAk; ,ilepfo;Tr; nrytpidAk; Nfhu KbAk;. mj;jifa re;jhg;;gnkhd;wpy; kpff; Fiwe;j njhifiaNa mtUf;Fr; nrYj;Jjy; Ntz;Lk;. 6:8:1 iknyhd;wpd; ve;jnthU gFjpAk; xU ikyhff; fUjg;gl;L cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; tPL my;yJ (Gwg;gLk; ,lk;) kw;Wk; kpff; fpl;ba Gifapuj epiyak; vd;gtw;wpilNa mDkhdpf;fg;gl;l Nkhl;lhh; fhh; $ypAk; mtuJ jw;fhypf tjptplk; kw;Wk; mjw;F kpff; fpl;ba Gifapuj epiyak; vd;gtw;wpilNa cs;s J}uj;jpw;F 16:2 Mk; cg gphptpy; tpjpf;fg;gl;Ls;sthW &.5 vd;w cr;r vy;iy tiu nrYj;j Kbe;j mDkhdpf;fg;gl;l epahakhd thfd thlifAk; ,il epfo;Tr; nrytpy; cs;slf;fg;gLk; vdpDk; Gifapuj epiyaj;jpypUe;J mtuJ jw;fhypf tjptplj;jpw;Fr; nry;Yk; gpuahzk; 4 iky;fspYk; ghh;ff ; mjpfnkdpd;> 8:2 Mk; gphptpy; tpjpf;fg;gl;ls;s fl;lzj; njhiff;fika mtUf;F nrYj;j ; KbAk;. 6:8:2 epahakhd thfd thlif vJ vd;gJ gazr; nryT tpzz ; g;gj;ijg; ghprPypf;fpd;w jpizf;fsk; jPhk ; hdpf;f Ntz;banjhd;whFk;. mJ jPHkhdpf;fg;gl Ntz;baJ xt;nthU gpuahzj;jpd; jd;ik cjhuzkhff; fpilf;ff;$ba thfd tiffs;> gazg; nghjpfs; nfhz;L nry;yg;gbd; mtw;wpd; msT J}uk; Mfpa tplaq;fisf; fUj;jpnyLj;NjahFk;.

7. nghJ thfdj;Jf;Fg; gjpyhf jdpgg ; l;l thliff;nfLf;fg;gl;l thfdk; %ykhd gpuahzk;.

my;yJ

gpd;tUk; re;jHg;gq;fspy; nghJ thfdj;Jf;Fg; gjpyhf jdpg;gl;l my;yJ thliff;nfLf;fg;gl;l thfdk; %ykhd gpuahzj;ij mDkjpf;fTk;> ; mjw;fhf iky;$yp nrYj;jg;g ; lTk; KbAk;. 7:1 Mz;nlhd;Wf;F &.14>760f;Ff; Fiwahj rk;gsj;ijg; ngWgtuhfNth my;yJ 17Mk; gpuptpd; fPo; Gifapujk; %ykhf 1Mk; tFg;gpy; gpuahzk; nra;a mDkjpf;fg;gl;Ls;stuhfNth cs;s cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth; jdJ nrhe;j jdpg;gl;l thfdj;jpy; gazk; nra;jpUe;jhy; 7:2 jdJ flikapd; ,ay;Gf;fika nghJ thfdk; %yk; gazk; nra;J; flik nra;tJ eilKiwr; rhj;jpakw;wjhAs;s Xh; cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F
170

mj;jpahak; XIV

7:3 ,q;F gpupT 8:1 Mk; cggphptpd; fPo; iky;$ypf;F cupj;Jilatuy;yhj Xh; cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F> tpNrl thfdnkhd;iw cgNahfpg;gij mtrpag;gLj;jj;jf;f vz;zpf;ifapdjhd gazg; nghjpfis vLj;Jr; nry;y Ntz;b te;jhy; mt; thfdj;jpd; jd;ikf;fpzq;f 8:2Mk; cg gpuptpy; tpjpf;fg;gl;Ls;s fl;lzj; njhifapy;; mtUf;F iky;$yp nrYj;jg;glyhk;. 7:4 jpizf;fsj; jiytupd; jw;WzpGf;fpzq;f nghJ thfdk; %ykhd fl;lzj;Jf;Fg; gjpyhf Nkhl;lhu; irf;fps; iky;$yp my;yJ Jtpr;rf;futz;b iky;$yp mDkjpf;fg;glyhk;. 7:5 fyfk;> nghJ kf;fs; fpsh;r;rp;> jP my;yJ Nguhgj;J vd;gdtw;wpd; NghJ nghyp]; my;yJ rpiwr;rhiy jpizf;fsj;jpd; cg epiy cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth; cz;ikapy; gad;gLj;jpa ve;jnthU thfdj;jpw;Fk; nrYj;jg;gl;l fl;lzj;ij mt; thfdj;ij cgNahfpg;gJ cz;ikapNyNa ,d;wpaikahjjhapUe;jnjd mj;jpal;rfhpd; my;yJ cjtp mj;jpal;rfhpd; jdpg;gl;l rhd;wpjOf;fika mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jUf;F nrYj;j KbAk;. 7:6 jpBu; Nrhjidnahd;iw elhj;Jk; NghJ my;yJ fLk; trjpaPdk; my;yJ Nrjk; Vw;glf;$ba Mgj;J ,y;yhky; nghJ thfdk; %yk; nghUl;fs; ePjpkd;wj;jpw;Ff; nfhz;L nry;yg;gl KbahJs;sNghJ> 8:1 Mk; cg gpuptpd; fPo; iky;$ypf;F cupj;Jilatuy;yhj nghyp]; jpizf;fsj;ij my;yJ kJtupj; jpizf;fsj;ijr; Nru;ej ; Xu; cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F Nkhl;lhu; fhiu cgNahfpj;jikf;fhf ikYf;F &.6/- vd;w tPjj;jpyhd iky; $ypia jpizf;fsj; jiythpd; jw;WzpGf;fpzq;f nfhLg;gdT nra;a KbAk;. 7:7 fg;gw;Wiw Rq;f msitahsuJ juj;jpYk; Fiwahj xU Rq;f cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F fs;sf; flj;jy;fisf; fz;L gpbg;gjpy; <Lgl;bUf;Fk; NghJ 7:6Mk; cl;gpuptpd; fPo; iky;$ypia toq;fyhk;. 7:8 Xu; cj;jpNahfj;ju; nghJ thfdnkhd;wpd; %yk; gpuahzk; nra;Ak; NghJ mtUf;Fr; nfhLg;gdT nra;ag;gLtJ me;j thfdj;jpw;Fr; nrYj;jg;gl;l fl;lzNkahFk;.

8. iky;$yp: Nkhl;lhh; tz;bfs;


8:1 Mz;nlhd;Wf;F 14>760/- &ghTf;Ff; Fiwahj rk;gsj;ijAilatH my;yJ Gifapujj;jpy; Kjyhk; tFg;gpy; gpuahzk; nra;a cupj;JilatH Mfpa cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth; Nkhl;lhh; fhu; iky; $ypf;F cupj;Jilatuhjy; Ntz;Lk;. (18Mk; gpupitg; ghu;f;fTk;.) 1981.12.31 Me; Njjpad;W iky;$yp chpj;jhapUe;j Xh; cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F mtUf;F jdpg;gl;l tpjj;jpy; ,r;rYifia toq;f KbAk;. 8:1:1 Nkhl;lhh; fhu; iky;$ypf;F cupj;Jila Xu; cj;jpNahfj;jh; - gpupT 13,d; fPo; epu;zapf;fg;gl;l gpuahzg; gbiag; ngWk; Xu; cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F tpNrl Vw;ghL nra;ag;gl;lhNyNa xopa iky;$yp cupj;jhfhJ. 8:1:2 ,q;F 8:1 Mk; cg gphptpd; fPo; iky;$ypf;F cupj;Jilatuy;yhj NghjpYk;> ; jdJ flikfis tpidj;jpwDs;sjhf Mw;Wtjw;F Nkhl;lhh; fhnuhd;iw itj;jpUj;jy; Ntz;Lnkd nrayhshpd; mq;ff P huj;Jld; Njitg;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;s Xu; cj;jpNahfj;jUf;Fk; 8:2:1 Mk; cl;gpupTf;fpzq;f iky; $ypia nrYj;jyhk;. Xu; cj;jpNahfj;jh;; gpd;tUk; re;ju;gg ; q;fspyd;wp nghJ tpjpnahd;whf ,t;Tl;gpuptpd; fPo; xU Nkhl;lhh; fhiug; Ngzp tuj; Njitg;gLj;jg;gLjyhfhJ. mtu; jdJ flik eltbf;iffspd; xU gFjpahf toikahfNt gpuahzk; nra;aj; Njitg;gLj;jg;gl;bUg;gpd;@ my;yJ
171

ePzl ; J}uk;

mj;jpahak; XIV

fzprkhdsT ngUe;njhifahd gzj;ij my;yJ flik eltbf;iffSf;fhfj; Njitg;gLj;jg;gLfpd;w ngupastpyhd my;yJ nkd;ikahd cgfuzq;fis toikahff; nfhz;L nry;yj; Njitg;gl;bUg;gpd; kw;Wk; Nkhl;lhh; fhUf;fhf ngw;Wf; nfhs;sg;gl;l fld; njhifia kPsr; nrYj;Jtjw;F mtrpakhd epjpia itj;jpUe;J> epjp neUf;fb vJTkpd;wp xU Nkhl;lhu; fhiug; Ngzp tu ,aYkhdtuhapUj;jy;. 8:1:3 ,q;F gpupT 8:1,d; fPo; Nkhl;lhh; fhu; iky;$ypfF ; cupj;Jilatuy;yhj NghjpYk;> Gifapujj;jpd; ,uz;lhk; tFg;gpy; gpuahzk; nra;tjw;Fupj;Jila Xu; cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F> (18Mk; gpupitg; ghu;ff ; ) nghJ thfdk; ,y;yhj gFjpfspy; 8:2:1Mk; cggpupTf;Fl;gl;L> Nkhl;lhH fhu; iky;$ypiar; nrYj;j KbAk;. 8:2 fl;lzj; njhiffs; - jdpg; ; l;l Nkhl;lhh; fhu;fs; - gpupT 8:1,d;; fPo; jdpgg iky;$ypf;F cupj;Jilatuhd Xu; cj;jpNahfj;jh;> ; iknyhd;Wf;F &.6/- vd;w tPjj;jpy; nrYj;jg;gLthu;. 8:2:1 ,q;F cl;gpupT 8:1:2 my;yJ 8:1:3 ,d; fPo; iky;$ypfF ; cupj;JilatuhfTs;s cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtUf;Fk;> Nky; tpjpj;Jiuf;fg;gl;l mNj tPjj;jpy; nrYj;jg;gLk;. 8:2:2 gpuahz Mgj;Jf;fs; - ,q;F tpjpf;fg;gl;Ls;s Nkhl;lhu; iky; $ypj; njhif> vy;yh Mgj;Jf;fisAk; NkTk; G+uzkhd fhg;GWjpg; gj;jpuj;Jf;Fr; nrYj;jg;glw;ghyjhd fl;Lg;gzj;ijAk; ftdj;jpnyLj;Nj tpjpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. vdNt> flik eltbf;iffSf;fhf Nkhl;lhH fhnuhd;W gad;gLj;jg;gLk; NghJ Fbapay; Fog;gk; my;yJ fyfj;jpd; tpisthf Vw;gl;l el;lr; Nrjnkhd;W jtpHe;j NtW tpjj;jpy; me;j jdpahu; Nkhl;lhu; fhUf;F Vw;gl;l el;lj;Jf;fhd VNjDk; ,og;gl P L ; f;; Nfhupf;ifia murhq;fk; Vw;Wf; ftdpf;fhJ. 8:2:3 ntWikahd Xl;lk; - Xu; cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; fhu; my;yJ ,uty; fhu; ntWikahf gpuahzk; nra;jhy; iky;$yp vJTk; nrYj;jg;glw;ghyjy;y. vt;thwhapDk;> ; Xu; cj;jpN;ahfj;jh; jdJ flikia cfe;j Kiwapy; epiwNtw;Wtjw;fhf> jdJ fhiu xU ghijapy; mDg;gptpl;L> Nkhl;lhu; Nghf;Ftuj;J trjpaw;w NtnwhU ghijapy; jhd; gpuahzk; nra;jy; mtrpankdf; fhz;fpd;w NghJ my;yJ iky;$ypf; nfhLg;gdit Nkw;nfhs;tij epahag;gLj;Jfpd;w NtW epiyikfspd; fPo; iky;$ypf; nfhLg;gdit Nkw;nfhs;s mjpfhukspg;gjw;F nrayhsUf;F KbAk;. 8:3 fl;lzj; njhiffs; :- thliff; fhu;f ; s;

8:3:1 RikNaw; RikNaw;wpa Xl;lk; k - Xu; cj;jpNahfj;jh; xU Nkhl;lhh; fhiu thliff;nfLf;Fk; NghJ> mtUf;F xU fhy; ikYf;F Mff;$baJ &.1.75 vd;gjw;fika> cz;ikahff; nfhLf;fg;gl;l thlif kPsspf;fg;glyhk;. gazk; xU ikYf;Ff; Fiwthdjhf ,Uf;Fkplj;J> Mff;$baJ 7 &gh kPsspf;fg;gl mtu; cupj;Jilatuhthu;. 8:3:2 jhpj;jpUf;f itj;jy;: thliff; fhu; %yk; gpuahzk; nra;fpd;w Xu; cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; kPs; tUif mtrpakhfj; jhkjpf;fg;gLfpd;wtplj;J> mt; thfdj;ij jhpj;jpUf;fr; nra;tjw;fhd fl;lzf; nfhLg;gdT> thliff; fhH ntWikahf jpUk;gp tu toq;fg;gLfpd;w iky;$ypapd; nfhLg;gdit tpl ,yhgfukhdjhf ,Uf;Fk; NghJ> ehnshd;Wf;F Mff; $baJ &.25 vd;w tifapy; xt;nthU kzpj;jpahyj;Jf;Fk; &.5 vd;w tPjg;gb mtUf;F fl;lznkhd;iw nrYj;jyhk;. xU ehisf;Ff; $Ljyhd fhyk; jhpj;jpUf;fr; nra;J nfhLg;gdT nra;tjw;F nrayhsupd; mq;ff P huk; Njitg;gLj;jg;gLfpwJ.

172

mj;jpahak; XIV

8:3:3 ntWikahfj; jpUk;gptuy;:ntWikahfj; jpUk;gptuYf;fhd nfhLg;gdT> jhpj;jpUf;fr; nra;Ak;; fl;lzj;jpd; nfhLg;gdit tplf; FiwthftpUf;Fkplj;J> cz;ikahfNt mt;thfdk; ntWikahf mDg;gg;gl;bUg;gpd; fhupd; ntWikahd jpUk;gptuypd; Xl;lj;Jf;fhd iky;$yp xU ikYf;fhd njhifapd; miu thrpahfr; nrYj;jg;gl KbAk;. 8:3:4 gw;Wr;rl P L ; f;fs; - thliff; fhupd; fl;lzq;fspd; kPsspg;Gf;fhf gpuahzr; nryTf; Nfhupf;ifg; gbtnkhd;iw rkh;gg ; pf;fpd;w NghJ mr; nrytpdq;fis jhq;fpf; nfhz;ljhf Mjhug;gLj;Jfpd;w gw;Wr;rl P L ; f;fis mj;NjhL ,izj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.

9. iky;$yp: Vida thfdq;fs;


9:1 Nkhl;lhu; irf;fps; - Gifapujj;jpd; %d;whk; tFg;ig tpl cau;ej ; tFg;G %yk; gpuahzk; nra;aj; jFjpAila Xh; cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F Gifapuj Nritfs; ,y;yhj ghijfspy; Nkhl;lhu; irf;fpis cgNahfpg;gjw;fhf 6 kw;Wk; 7Mk; gpupTfspYs;s tpjptpyf;FfSf;Fl;gl;L xU ikYf;F &.1 vd;wthW Nkhl;lhu; irf;fps; iky;$yp nrYj;jg;glyhk;. 9:2 nghJ thfdk; - cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth; nghJ thfdnkhd;wpd; %yk; gpuahzk; nra;fpwhd; vd;w mbg;gilapy; khw;Wg; gbnahd;W toq;fg;gl eltbf;ifnaLf;fg;gl;Ls;s NghJ mtUf;F nrYj;jg;glw;ghyjhd iky;$ypf; fl;lzk;> xU ikYf;F ehw;gj;ije;J (45) rjkhFk;. 9:3 Jtpr;rf;futz;bfs; - irf;fps; iky;$yp xU ikYf;F 20 rjk; vd;w tPjj;jpy; ngwg;glyhk;. 9:4 fhy; eilahd gpuahzk; - cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUth; fhy;eilg; gazj;jpy; nry;fpd;w NghJ gazg; nghjpfisf; nfhz;L nry;tjw;fhf thfdj;ij cgNahfpf;f my;yJ $ypahl;fis cgNahfpf;f Ntz;b te;jhNy xopa fhy;eilahd gazj;Jf;F ve;jg; gbAk; mtUf;Fr; nrYj;jg;gl KbahJ. gazg; nghjpfisf; nfhz;L nry;tjw;fhf thfdnkhd;iwg; gad;gLj;jNth my;yJ $ypahl;fisg; gad;gLj;jNth Ntz;bNaw;gbd;> 14Mk; gpuptpd; fPo; $ypahl;fspd; fl;lzq;fSf;fhd Nfhupf;ifia Nkw;nfhs;syhk;. 9:5 Nkhl;lhu; irf;fps; %yk; my;yJ Jtpr;rf;futz;b %yk; gpuahzk; nra;fpd;w Xu; cj;jpNahfj;jh;; jdJ gazg; nghjpfisf; nfhz;L nry;tjw;fhf NtnwhU thfdnkhd;iw mtrpakhf cgNahfg;gLj;Jthuhapd; mtu; Nkhl;lhu; irf;fps; my;yJ Jtpr;rf;futz;b iky;$ypiaf; NfhUtjw;Fg; gjpyhf> me;j Nghf;Ftuj;J thfdk; njhlu;gpy; iky;$ypiaf; Nfhuyhk;.

10. ; y; 10. ,uty; Nkhl;lhh; tz;bfis cgNahfpj cgNahfpj; pj pjj


10:1 flik eltbf;iffis epiwNtw;Wtjw;F toikahf> fzprkhdsT J}uk; gpuahzk; nra;aNtz;bAs;s cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth;> Mff;$baJ xU tUl cr;r vy;iyf;F jpizf;fsj; jiytupdhYk;> NkYk; ,d;Dk; xU tUlj;Jf;F nrayhsupdhYk; ,uty; fhiu cgNahfg;gLj;Jtjw;F mDkjpf;fg;glyhk;. vdpDk; mtUf;F me;j mDkjp toq;fg;gLtJ> mtuJ nrhe;jf; fhu; gOJ ghu;ff ; g;gl;Lf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; NghJ my;yJ mtuJ epakdj; NjjpapypUe;J mtu; xU fhiuf; nfhs;tdT nra;Ak; tiu my;yJ mtu; xU fhiu tpw;W NtnwhU fhiuf; nfhs;tdT nra;tjw;F ,ilg;gl;l fhyj;jpd; NghJ MFk;. 10:2 iky;$ypf;F cupj;JilatUk;> rpy Ntisfspy; khj;jpuk; gpuahzk; nra;aj; Njitg;gLj;jg;gLgtUkhd cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUf;F ,uty; fhnuhd;iw gad;gLj;jp mjw;fhf Nkhl;lhh; fhu; iky;$ypiag; ngw mDkjpf;fg;glyhk;.

173

mj;jpahak; XIV

10:3 ,uty; Nkhl;lhh; fhh; gad;ghl;bw;fhf iky;$ypia toq;f Ntz;baJ thfdj;jpw;Fhpa fl;lzj;njhif kw;Wk; mYtyupd; nrhe;jf; fhupd; fl;lzj;njhif (mtuJ fhu; gOJghu;ff ; g;gl;bUf;Fk; NghJ) Mfpa ,t;tpuz;by; Fiwe;j njhif vJNth mjd;gbNaahFk;. 10:4 cj;jpNahfj;jh; fhnuhd;iwr; nrhe;jkhf itj;jpUf;fhtpl;lhy;> ,uty; fhUf;fhd iky;$yp toq;fg;gl Ntz;baJ 8:2 Mk; cl;gpuptpy; tpjpj;Jiuf;fg;gl;l fl;lzj;njhiff;F mikaNtahFk;. 10:5 ,uty; thfdj;ijg; gad;gLj;jp> mjd; gad;ghl;Lf;fhf iky; $ypiaf; NfhUfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUth; xt;nthU gpuahzf; Nfhupf;ifAlDk; gpd;tUtdtw;iwf; nfhLj;JjTjy; Ntz;Lk;:10:5:1 fhupd; nrhe;jf;fhuu; murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtuhapd; (m) mtuJ jpizf;fsKk; gjtpAk; (M) mNj gazj;Jf;fhf mtH iky;$ypiaf; Nfhukhl;lhnudf; Fwpg;gpLfpd;w mtuJ rhd;wpjo;. 10:5:2 Nkhl;lhh; fhh; gad;gLj;jg;gl;lik gpuahzr; nryTf; Nfhhpf;ifg; gbtj;jpy; fhl;lg;gl;Ls;s Fwpg;ghd tplaj;Jf;fhf khj;jpuNk vdf; $Wfpd;w jdJ rhd;wpjnohd;W. 10:5:3 ,uty; Nkhl;lhh; fhupy; nra;ag;gl;l gazq;fSf;fhd iky;$ypf;fhd xt;nthU Nfhupf;ifapdJk; xU gpujp Nfhupf;ifia rhd;WWjpg;gLj;Jfpd;w mYtyupdhy;> ,uty; fhupd; nrhe;jf;fhuu; gzpGhpfpd;w jpizf;fsj;jpd;; jiytUf;F mDg;gp itf;fg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. mj;jifa gpujpfspy; nrYj;jg;gl;lJ vd;Dk; nrhy; njspthfTk;> Jyhk;gukhfTk; Kj;jpiu %yk; gjpf;fg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. 10:6 ,uty; Nkhl;lhh; fhnuhd;iw gad;gLj;Jfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth; mt; thfdj;ij gad;gLj;j Ntz;baJ jdf;Fhpa nghWg;gpd; mbg;gilapyhFk;. murhq;fk;> mjd; gad;ghl;bypUe;njOk; ve;jg; nghWg;igAk; Vw;Wf;nfhs;shJ.

11. thfdk; xd;Wf;F 11. xU cgNahfpf;fg;gly;

Nkw;gl;l

cj;jpNahf ahfj;jHfsp Hfspdhy;

11:1 cj;jpNahfG+h;t gaznkhd;wpy; xNu thfdj;jpy; ,uz;L my;yJ mjw;F Nkw;gl;l cj;jpNahfj;jh;fs; xd;whfr; Nru;eJ ; gpuahzk; nra;jhy; mtu;fSs; iky;$ypf;F Nfhupf;if tpLf;f Ntz;bath; mth;fspy; xUth; khj;jpuNkahthh;. mtu;fSs; xUtu; thfdj;jpd; nrhe;jf;fhuuhapUe;J> iky;$ypf;Fk; cupj;JilatuhAkpUe;jhy; mtu; kl;LNk iky;$ypiaf; Nfhu Ntz;Lk;. nrhe;jf;fhuu; iky;$ypf;F cupj;Jilatuy;yhjtuhapd;> mNj gpuahzj;jpd;NghJ mNj thfdj;jpy; gpuahzk; nra;jtUk; mg;gpuahzj;Jf;fhd iky;$ypf;F cupj;JilatUkhd NtW vtNuDNkhh; cj;jpNahfj;jh; mf;Nfhupf;ifiar; nra;ayhk;. 11:2 ,uz;L my;yJ mjw;F Nkw;gl;l cj;jpNahfj;jh;fs; flik hPjpahd gaznkhd;wpw;fhf> xNu Neuj;jpy; ,uty; fhnuhd;iw my;yJ thlif thfdj;ij gad;gLj;jpdhy; mg;gazj;Jf;fhf Xh; cj;jpNahfj;jh; kl;LNk Nfhupf;if nra;ayhk;.

174

mj;jpahak; XIV

12. 12. khw;wg;gl;l gbfs;


toikahd flikapd; NghJ mjpfkhfg; gpuahzk; nra;a Ntz;bAs;s cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth; njhlh;ghf> 8:2 my;yJ 9:1 Mk; gpupTfspy; tpjpf;fg;gl;Ls;s iky; $yp fl;lzj;jpd; mbg;gilapy; mtUf;Ff; Fwpg;ghd gbnahd;iw jpizf;fsj; jiyth; jhgdg; gzpg;ghshpd; mq;ff P huj;Jld; Fwpj;njhJf;fyhk;. mj;jifa re;jHg;gj;jpy; jhgdg; gzpg;ghsupdhy; fhyj;Jf;Ff; fhyk; mq;ff P upf;fg;gLfpd;w mj;jifa nghJthd my;yJ tpNrl epge;jidfSf;fpzq;fNt xopa> 4:5 Mk; gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;l njhiffspy;; ,ize;j gbiag; ngWtjw;F mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jUf;F cupik fpilahJ. 12:1 khw;wg;gl;l gb vd;gJ me;je;j gbNahL njhlHGila epge;jidfSf;fika flikf;fhf gpuahzk; nra;fpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUthpd; Nghf;Ftuj;Jr; nrytpdk;> ,ize;j gb kw;Wk; vy;yh jdpg;gl;l nrytpdq;fs; vd;gtw;iw cs;slf;fpa xU gbahFk;. 12:2 cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth; epue;ju gbnahd;iwg; ngWtJ> Gifapuj %y Nghf;Ftuj;J Nritfisg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tnjw;nfdTs;s cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; cupikiag; ghjpj;jyhfhJ. 12:3 epue;jug; gbnahd;iwg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;Sk; Xu; cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F murhq;f thfdnkhd;iw ,ytrkhf cgNahfpf;F ; k; cupj;Jf; fpilahJ. 12:4 rhd;wpjo; - nfhLg;gdT cWjpr; rPln ; lhd;wpd; %yk; khw;wg;gl;l gbnahd;W nfhLg;gdT nra;ag;gLifapy; mjpy; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;l gazq;fs; kw;Wk; nra;ag;gl;l xt;nthU gazj;jpdJk; iky;$yp vd;gtw;iwf; Fwpg;gpLfpd;w xU $w;W ,Uj;jy; Ntz;Lk; mt;thNw gpuahzr; nryTf; Nfhhpf;ifg; gbtq;fs; Ntwhf rkh;g;gpf;fg;gl;l tpNrl gazq;fspUg;gpd; mit jtph;ej ; khw;wg;gl;l gbf;Fhpj;jhtjw;F Njitahd msT gazq;fs; nrd;wpUg;gjhf jpizf;fsj; jiythpd; mj;jhl;rpnahd;Wk; mjpypUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 12:5 NjitahdsT gpuahzq;fs; Nkw;nfhs;sg;glhjtplj;J tpfpjhrhu foptPL nra;ag;gLk;.

13. 13. epue;ju Nghf;Ftuj;Jg; gbfs; gbfs;


Jtpr;rf;futz;bnahd;iw itj;jpUf;FkhW jpizf;fsj; jiythpdhy; Njitg;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;s cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUf;F VNjDnkhU Fwpj;j gpuNjrj;Jf;Fs; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLfpd;w midj;J gpuahzq;fs; njhlh;ghfTk; jdJ Nghf;Ftuj;Jr; nryit <L nra;tjw;fhf 30/= vd;w epiyahd Nghf;Ftuj;Jg; gbnahd;iw toq;f KbAk;. 13:1 rhd;wpjo; :,e;epiyahd Nghf;Ftuj;Jg; gbiag; ngWk; cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUth;; nfhLg;gdTg; gw;WWjpr; rPlL ; ld;> ve;j Jtpr;rf;futz;bfhfg; gb toq;fg;gLfpwNjh> me;j Jtpr;rf;futz;bia cz;ikapy; itj;jpUe;J mJ cgNahfg;gLj;jg;gl;lJ vd;gjw;fhf rhd;wpjio ,izj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 13:2 cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtH mkayPtpNyh my;yJ RfaPd yPtpNyh ,Uf;fpd;w NghJ jtpu NtWtifahd yPT fhuzkhf Nritf;F tUif juhj fhyg;gFjp rhHghf Jtpr;rf;futz;bia jdJ gjpyhspd; gad;ghl;Lf;nfd ifaspj;jhNy xopa ,g;gbiag; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s KbahJ.

175

mj;jpahak; XIV

14. 14. njhopyhsu;fspd; fl;lzq;fs;:


ve;j thfdj;ijAk; vLj;Jr; nry;y Kbahj ghijnahd;W}lhfg; gpuahzk; nra;aTk;> XusT my;yJ mjw;F Nkw;gl;l ,uTfs; ghijapd; Xuj;jpy; jq;fpapUf;f Ntz;btUfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F gpd;tUk; fl;lzq;fisf; Nfhuyhk; :14:1 gpuahzj;jpd;NghJ fl;lhak; vLj;Jr; nry;yj; Njitg;gLfpd;w $lhuk; my;yJ Vida murhq;f Mjdq;fs; Mfpadtw;iwf; nfhz;L nry;tjw;fhf cz;ikahd njhopyhsu;fSf;F cz;ikapy; nfhLg;gdT nra;fpd;w fl;lzq;fs;> mj;Jld; 14:2 mj;jifa ghijapy; gpuahzk; nra;j xt;nthU ikYf;Fk; gpd;tUk; njhiffisj; jhz;lhjtpjj;jpy; nrhe;jg; nghUl;fis vLj;Jr; nry;tjw;fhd njhopyhsu;fSf;F cz;ikahff; nfhLg;gdT nra;ag;gLk; fl;lzq;fs;:xU ikYf;F &.
Mz;nlhd;Wf;F &.14>760f;Ff; Fiwahj rk;gsj;ijg; ngWk; my;yJ 18 Mk; gpuptpd; fPo; Gifapujj;jpy; 1 Mk; tFg;gpy; gpuahzk; nra;tjw;Fj; jFjpAila cj;jpNahfj;jh;fSf;F rpNul;l epiy cj;jpNahfj;jh;fSld; nry;Yk; ,ypfpjUf;F my;yJ ciug;ngau;gg ; hsUf;F kw;Wk; fhzp epHza jpizf;fsj;jpd; ciug;ngau;gg ; hsu; KjypNahUf;F kw;Wk; jpizf;fsj;jpd; tof;Ff; Fwpg;gl P L ; vOJtpidQUf;F

00

gpuahzk; nra;Ak; cj;jpNahfj;jh;fSf;F

00

14:3 ,t;nthOq;Ftpjpapd; Nehf;fj;Jf;fhf vtNuDNkhh; cj;jpNahfj;jiu gazk; nra;Ak; cj;jpNahfj;juhf tifg;gLj;Jjw;F jhgdg; gzpg;ghsupd; mjpfhuk; ngwg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 14:4 ,t;nthOq;Ftpjpapd; fPo; rkHg;gpf;fg;gLfpd;w xU Nfhupfi ; fapy; cz;ikapy; Ntiyf; fku;jj ; g;gl;l njhopyhsu;fspd; vz;zpf;ifiaf; fhz;gpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.

15. 15.

thfdj;ij Gifapujj;jpy; Vw;wpr; nry;Yjy;


Gifapujk; %yk; Xu; nry;tjw;fhd Gifapuj cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; Mizr; rPlL ;

15:1 gpd;tUk; re;ju;gg ; q;fspy; jdpg;gl;l thfdj;ijf; nfhz;L toq;fg;glyhk;:-

15:1:1 XIII Mk; mj;jpahaj;Jf;fika ghuhSkd;wf; flikapd;NghJ gpuahzk; nra;fpd;w xU ghuhSkd;w cWg;gpdUf;F 15:1:2 flikf;fhf Gifapuj gpuahz Kbtpy; cgNahfpg;gjw;fhf jdJ Nkhl;lhh; tz;b my;yJ Nkhl;lhh; irf;fps; ,Ug;gJ mtrpakhapd;> 8:1:1 Mk; my;yJ 9:1 Mk; cg gphtpd; fPo; Nkhl;lhh; fhh; my;yJ Nkhl;lhh; irf;fps; iky; $yp chpjj ; hd Xh; mYtyUf;F my;yJ tpidj;jpwDs;sjhf flikia Mw;Wtjw;F Nkhl;lhh; thfdnkhd;iw itj;jpUf;f 8:1:2 Mk; cg gphptpd; fPo; tpjpf;fg;gl;Ls;s Xh; mYtyUf;F.
176

mj;jpahak; XIV

vLj;Jf;fhl;L xg;gpl;L hPjpapy; rpy FWfpa gazq;fis Nkw;nfhs;Sk; Nehf;Fld; nfhOk;gpypUe;J aho;gg ; hzj;Jf;Fr; nry;fpd;w Xu; cj;jpNahfj;jh;. Gifapujk; %ykhf mtuJ fhiu ,ytrkhff; nfhz;L nry;tjw;fhf Gifapuj Mizr; rPli ; lg; ngw cupj;Jilatuy;y. mtu; Gifapujj;jpy; gpuahzk; nra;J aho;gg ; hzj;jpy; xU fhiu thliff;nfLf;f Ntz;Lk;. vt;thwhapDk;> aho;gg ; hzj;jpy; cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; gazk; mtrpakhf ePzl ; jhfTk; mj;Jld;/my;yJ mq;F ngUk;ghYk; gpuahzj;jpy; <LgLtJkhAkpUe;jhy; fhiuf; nfhz;L nry;tjw;fhd Gifapuj Mizr;rl P L ; f;Fupj;Jilatuhthu;. 15:2 Gifapujk; %ykhfj; jdJ thfdj;ij mDg;Gthuhapd;> cj;jpNahfj;jh; jhdhfNt epiyaj;Jf;Fr; nrd;W mNj Gifapujj;jpy; gpuahzk; nra;jy; Ntz;Lk;. mq;qdk; nra;Ak; gl;rj;jpy;> mtuJ tjptplj;Jf;Fk; Gifapuj epiyaj;Jf;Fkpilahd gazj;jpy; mtuhy; cwg;gl;l nryTfspd; kPsspg;Gf;F mtu; 16:2 Mk; cl;gpuptpd; fPo; cupj;Jilatuhthu;. 15:2:1 jhd; nry;fpd;w Gifapujj;jpNyNa thfdj;ij mDg;gp itf;f Kbahj re;jh;gg ; q;fspy; jdJ Nkhl;lhh; fhiu Gifapuj epiyak; tiu ntw;whf Xl;br; nry;tjw;fhfTk;> jdf;fhfTk; ntt;Ntwhf iky;$ypiaf; Nfhu 16:2 vd;w cg gphptpd; fPo; mtUf;F KbAk;.

16. 16. gpuahzj;Jf;F ,ilepfo;thd Vida nryTfs;


16:1 gazg; nghjpfisf; nfhz;L nry;yy;. gazj;jpw;nfLf;fg;gLk;; fhyk; kw;Wk; gpuahzj;jpd; ,ay;G vd;gdtw;iwf; fUj;jpnyLj;J> jpizf;fsj; jiyth; epahakhdnjdf; fUJkstpw;fhd gazg; nghjpfis Gifapujj;jpy; nfhz;L nry;tjw;fhf Gifapuj Mizr; rPln ; lhd;iwg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;sNth my;yJ NtW nghJ thfdnkhd;wpy; nfhz;L nrd;why; mjw;fhf cj;jpNahfj;jh; cz;ikapy; nfhLg;gdT nra;j thlifia mwtpl;Lf; nfhs;sNth ve;jnthU tFg;gpdJk; cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUf;F KbAk;. 16:2 ,ilepfo;Tr; nryTfs; - flikapd; NghJ gpuahzk; nra;fpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUf;F mtuJ tjptplj;jpypUe;J Gifapuj epiyankhd;W my;yJ g]; epiyankhd;Wf;F> thfdnkhd;iw cgNahfpf;fNth my;yJ njhopyhsu;fis <LgLj;jNth Njitg;gLkplj;J> 16:3Mk; cl;gpuptpd; tpjptpyf;FfSf;fikthf> ,ilepfo;Tr; nryTfs;> Rik $yp Mfpadtw;iw <Lnra;tjw;fhf> mj;J}uk; 1 ikYf;F Nkw;glhjhapd; &.5.00k;> xU ikypYk; $Ljyhdjhapd; &.10.00k; vd;w xU gzj;njhif nrYj;jg;glyhk;. 16:3 glFf;fl;lzq;fs; :flikapd;NghJ gpuahzk; nra;fpd;w Xu; cj;jpNahfj;jh;> ; mtUf;Fk; mtuJ thfdj;Jf;Fk; mtuhy; nrYj;jg;gl;l VNjDk; glFf; fl;lzj;ij kPsg; ngw cupj;Jilatuhthu;. 16:4 VNjDk; tpN\l Vw;ghLfs; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;bUe;jhNy xopa Xu; cs;Sujpfhu vy;iyapDs; thfdq;fis epWj;Jtjw;fhd ,l trjpfis toq;Ftjw;fhd fl;lzf; nfhLg;gdTj; Njitg;ghl;bypUe;J Xh; murhq;f thfdk; tpLtpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;.

17. 17. Gifapujj; Gifapujj;jpy; gpuahzk; gpuahzk; nra;a Kbe;j tFg;G


Gifapuj %ykhfg; gpuahzk; Nkw;nfhs;Sk;NghJ chpj;jhd tFg;G gpd;tUkhwhdjhFk;: 1Mk; tFg;G Xu; cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F

Mz;nlhd;Wf;F &.33>000 my;yJ mjw;F Nkw;gl;l rk;gsj;ijg; ngWk; Xu; cj;jpNahfj;jh;.


177

mj;jpahak; XIV

2Mk; tFg;G

Mz;nlhd;Wf;F &. 13>800f;Ff; FiwahjJk; &.33>000f;F Nkw;glhjJkhd rk;gsj;ijg; ngWk; Xu; cj;jpNahfj;jh;. ; Vida midtUk;

3Mk; tFg;G

17:1 1979Mk; Mz;L ngg;utup 28Me; jpfjpad;W 1Mk; my;yJ 2Mk; tFg;Gg; gpuahzj;Jf;F cupj;JilatuhapUe;j Xu; cj;jpNahfj;jh;> mr; rYifia jdpg;gl;l Kiwapy; njhlh;eJ ; k; mDgtpf;f ,lkspf;fg;gLk;. 17:2 murhq;f NritapYs;s xU gjtpepiy cj;jpNahfj;jh;> flik eltbf;ifapd; NghJ ePjpkd;wj;jpy; rKfkspf;fj; Njitg;gLkplj;J 1Mk; tFg;Gg; Gifapuj Mizr; rPlL ; mtUf;F toq;fg;gLk;.

18. 18. Gifapuj Mizr; rPlL ; f;fs;


18:1 cj;jpNahfj;jh; vj;jpizf;fsj;ijr; rhu;ej ; tNuh> mj;jpizf;fsj;jplkpUe;J ngwg;gl Ntz;ba Gifapuj Mizr;rl P nlhd;iw rku;g;gpj;jhy; khj;jpuNk> Gifapujj;jpD}lhf (mjhtJ gazpfs;> gazg; nghjpfs;> jsghlq;fs; Kjypatw;iw Vw;wpr; nry;tjw;fhf) ,ytr Nghf;Ftuj;J Nrit toq;fg;gLk;. 18:2 murhq;f Nritapy; gzpahw;Wk;NghJ khj;jpuNk xU Gifapuj Mizr;rl P L ; toq;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. vtNuDk; MnshUth; my;yJ Mjdnkhd;W Nghf;Ftuj;J nra;ag;gLifapy; epfof;$ba gpuahzr; nrytpdq;fis <Lnra;tjw;F ,t;nthOq;F tpjpfspy; Vw;ghL nra;ag;glhj ve;jnthU re;jh;gg ; j;jpYk; mt;this my;yJ Mjdj;ij Nghf;Ftuj;Jr; nra;a Gifapuj Mizr; rPln ; lhd;W tpepNahfpf;fg;glf; $lhJ (XXXIII Mk; mj;jpahaj;ijg; ghHf;fTk;).

19. 19. rhujpfs;> mYtyf rpw;W}opaHfs; kw;Wk; Ntiyahl;fs;


19:1 mYtyf rpw;W}opaHfs; kw;Wk; Ntiyahl;fs;: murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUld;; nry;fpd;w mYtyf rpw;W}opaHfs; my;yJ Ntiyahl;fSf;F ,ize;j gb> Gifapuj %ykhd ,ytrg; Nghf;Ftuj;J my;yJ nghJ thfdj;jpw;fhd Nghf;Ftuj;Jf; fl;lzk; vd;gtw;iwg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;syhk;.
(rhujp cs;slf;fg;glhj) mYtyf rpw;W}opaHfs; kw;Wk; Ntiyahl;fspd; vz;zpf;if cau; ePjpkd;w ePjpgjpnahUth;

&. 14>760f;Ff; Fiwahj rk;gsk; ngWfpd;w Xh; cj;jpNahfj;jh; mtuJ gpupTf;F ntspNa flikapd; NghJ gpuahzk; nra;fpd;w cjtp murhq;f mjpgu; xUth;

1 1

cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F ntspNa jq;f Ntz;bapUf;Fkplj;J> $lhukbj;jy;> rikj;jy; Nghd;w Nehf;fq;fSf;F Ntiyahnshd;W mtrpakhFkplj;J kl;LNk.

19:1:1 murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtupd; Rw;wha;Tf;F xOq;Ffisr; nra;Ak; Nehf;fj;Jf;fhf xU Ntiyahs; my;yJ


178

Ntz;ba mYtyf

mj;jpahak; XIV

rpw;W}opaHfs; Kd;$l;bNa gpuahzk; nra;tJ mtrpakhdhy; my;yJ Rw;wha;tpd; gpd;du;> mYtyupd; gazg; nghjpfisf; fl;Ltjw;Fk; nfhz;L tUtjw;Fk; gpd;jq;FtJ mtrpakhdhy;> mj;jifa Ntiyahs; my;yJ mYtyf rpw;W}opaHfs; ,t;nthOq;Ff;F tpjpapd; fUj;njy;iyf;Fs; mYtyUld; nry;gtuhff; fUjg;glyhk;. 19:2 rhujpfs; - 8:1 Mk; cl;gpuptpd; fPo; fhu; iky;$ypf;F cupj;Jila tUk; mj;Jld; mtuJ jdpg;gl;l fhiu flikf;fhf cgNahfg;gLj;JgtUkhd Xh; cj;jpNahfj;jUld; nry;gtuhd xU rhujpf;F ehnshd;Wf;F 60&gh vd;w tifapy; ,ize;j gb nrYj;jg;glyhk;. ; 19:2:1 rghehafupd;> mikr;rnuhUtupd;> cau; ePjpkd;w ePjpgjpnahUtupd; kw;Wk; gpujp mikr;rnuhUthpd; rhujpnahUtUf;F ehnshd;Wf;F 60 &gh vd;w njhifapy;; ,ize;j gb nrYj;jg;glyhk;. 19:2:2 thfdk; Gifapujk; %yk; vLj;Jr; nry;yg;gLk; %d;whk; tFg;Gg; Gifapuj Mizr;rl P L ; k; toq;fg;glyhk;. NghJ mtUf;F

19:2:3 Gifapujf; fl;lzKk;> xU Ntiyahspd; ,ize;j gbAk; jtph;ej ; gpuahzj;jpd; vy;yh nryTfisAk; <Lnra;tjw;fhf tpNrlkhf mspf;fg;gLfpd;w epiyahd gbnahd;iwg; ngWk; cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth; NtiyahSf;fhd ,ize;j gbf;F Nkyjpfkhf rhujpf;fhd ,ize;j gbiag;; ngWtjw;F cupj;Jilatuy;yh;. 19:2:4 ,q;F 8:1:1 Mk; cg gphptpd; fPo; Nkhl;lhh; thfd iky;$ypiag; ngw chpj;jw;w NghjpYk; jdJ flik eltbf;iffis tpidj;jpwDld;$bajhf Mw;Wtjw;fhf Nkhl;lhh; fhnuhd;iw itj;jpUf;FkhW 8:1:2 Mk; cg gphptpd; fPo; gzpf;fg;gl;l mYtynuhUtUf;F murhq;f nrytpy; Nkhl;lhh; fhh; rhujpnahUthiu mioj;Jr; nry;y chpj;Jf; fpilahJ.

20. 20. epiyakhw;wj;jpd; Nghjhd gpuahzr; nryTfs;: ,ize;j gb


20:1 xU epiyaj;jpypUe;J ,d;ndhU epiyaj;Jf;F ,lkhw;wk; ngw;w Xu; cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F> cz;ikapy; gpuahzj;jpy; <Lgl;L> ,ilapy; jq;fpapUj;jy; ,d;wpaikahjJkhd> xt;nthU ehisf;Nfh my;yJ ehspd; xU gFjpf;Nfh jdf;Fk; jdJ kidtpf;Fk; kw;Wk; gd;dpnuz;L tajpw;F Nkw;gl;l jdJ xt;nthU gps;isf;Fk; ,ize;jgbia KOikahfTk;> %d;Wf;Fk; gd;dpnuz;Lf;Fk; ,ilg;gl;l taijAila xt;nthU gps;isf;Fk; ,ize;j gbapd; miuthrpiaAk;> ngwyhk;. ,Ugj;njhU taJf;F Nkw;gl;l xU kfd; my;yJ %d;W taJf;Ff; Fiwe;j xU gps;is njhlu;gpy; ,ize;jgb nrYj;jg;glw;ghyjy;y. 20:1:1 cz;ikapy; gpuahzj;jpy; <Lgl;L Njitf;Nfw;g ,iltopapy; Neupl;l fhyj;jpw; 22 Mk; gpuptpd; fPo; mDkjpf;fj;jf;f Ntiyahl;fSf;Fk; xU gzpg; ngz;Zf;Fk; 4:6 Mk; cggphptpy; fhl;lg;gl;Ls;s Fiwe;j fl;lzj; njhiff;fpzq;f ,ize;j gbiaf; NfhuTk; mtUf;F KbAk;. 20:2 gjtp cau;tpd;NghJ xU epiyaj;jpypUe;j NtnwhU epiyaj;Jf;F ,lkhw;wk; ngWk; Xu; cj;jpNahfj;jh; 20> 21 kw;Wk; 22 Mk; gpupTfspd; Nehf;fj;Jf;fhf mtuJ Gjpa gjtpf;fhd flikfisg; nghWg;Ngw;wtnudTk;> rk;gsk; Gjpa gjtpf;fhd rk;gsnkdTk; fUjg;gLk;. mtu; ,lkhw;wj;jpd; NghJ cau;ej ; gjtpnahd;wpy; gjpy; flikGupa epakpf;fg;gl;bUe;jhy; mtuJ rk;gsk; mtuJ cs;sgbahd rk;gskhFk;. 20:3 ,lkhw;wk; nra;ag;gl;l mYtyfk;> mtuJ Kd;ida mYtyfj;jp ypUe;J 5 iky;fSf;F Nkw;glhjJk; 15 iky;fSf;Fl;gl;lJkhd xU J}uj;jpypUf;Fkplj;J> 22:6Mk; gpuptpd; epajpfspd;gb cz;ikapy; nfhz;L nry;yg;gl;l nghUl;fspd; Nghf;Ftuj;J> nghjpaply; kw;Wk; ,ilepfo;Tfs;
179

mj;jpahak; XIV

njhlu;gpyhd mtuJ nryTfs; khj;jpuNk kPsspf;fg;gLk;. gbf;F cupj;Jilatuy;yh;.

mtu; VNjDk; ,ize;j

20:3:1 ,lkhw;wk; nra;ag;gl;l mYtyfk; mtuJ Kd;ida mYtyfj;jpypUe;J 5 iky;fSf;Fl;gl;l J}uj;jpypUf;Fkplj;J 22:20 Mk; cl;gpuptpd; fPohd mtuJ nryTfs; khj;jpuNk kPsspf;fg;gl ftdj;jpnyLf;fg;gLk;. vt;thtwhapDk; nrayhsupd; Kd;dq;ff P huj;Jld;> mtrpakhf $wg;gl;l ,ilepfo;T nryTfSf;fhf epahakhd xU gzj;njhif mtUf;F nrYj;jg;g ; lyhk;. 20:4 gazj;jpd; njhlf;fj;jpYk; KbtpYk; - Xu; cj;jpNahfj;jh;; mtuJ gazg; nghjpfis Kd;$l;bNa mDg;gpajw;fhf mtuJ gazj;ijj; njhlq;f Kd;dNu jdJ tjptplj;ij tplL ; r; nry;y Ntz;bapUe;jhy; my;yJ mtuJ jsghlq;fs; Neufhyj;Jld; nrd;wilahjjhy; mtu; mq;F nrd;wJk; mtuJ Gjpa tPlb ; y; FbapUf;f mtUf;F ,ayhjpUe;jhy; mtuJ jsghlk; vLj;Jr; nry;yg;gLtjw;fhf Gifapuj epiyaj;Jf;F xg;gilf;fg;gl;l ehSf;F Ke;jpa ehs; mtH cz;ikapNyNa jdJ tjptplj;jpypUe;J te;Js;shnudpd; mt;thW Gifapuj epiyaj;jpw;F nghUl;fs; xg;gilf;fg;gl;l ehSf;F Ke;jpa ehspypUe;J jsghlq;fs; mDg;gg;gl;l Gifapuj epiyaj;jpw;F jsghlq;fs; te;jile;j kWehs; tiu ,U ehl;fSf;FKl;gl mtUf;Fk; mtuJ FLk;gj;jpdUf;Fk; (20:1Mk; cl;gpuptpd; epajpfspd;gb) ,ize;jgb toq;fg;glyhk;. 20:4:1 ,q;F 20:1:1 Mk; gphptpd; fPo; gbfs; Nfhug;gl;Ls;s ve;jnthU fhyg;gFjpAk; 20:4:2 Mk; cl;gpuptpd; fPo; fzpf;fg;gLfpd;w fhyg;gFjpapypUe;J fop;ff ; g;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 20:4:2 cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; gjtpf;fhff; Fwpj;njhJf;fg;gl;l tjptplk; jpUj;jg;gLfpd;w epiyapYs;snjd mjw;Fg; nghWg;ghd jpizf;fsk; rhd;WWjpg;gLj;jpAs;sikapdhy; my;yJ tpl;Lr; nry;y Ntz;ba cj;jpNahfj;ju; mij tplL ; r; nry;yhikapdhy;> mtu; mjpy; FbNaw ,ayhjtplj;J> jsghlq;fs; fpilj;jjd; gpd;dH xU khjj;Jf;F Nkw;glhj xU fhyg;gFjp tiu mtUf;F ,ize;j gb toq;fg;gLk;. ,q;F Fwpg;gplg;gl;l ,uz;lhk; re;jHg;gj;jpy; gpd;du;; nry;y Ntz;ba mYtyH; ntspNawj; jhkjpj;jik fl;Lg;ghl;Lf;F mg;ghw;gl;l fhuzq;fshy; Vw;gl;bUe;jhNyad;wp> KOikahf ,ze;jgb my;yJ mjd; xU ghfk; tpl;Lr; nry;Yk; mYtyuplkpUe;J kpiff;fl;lzkhf mwtplg;gLk;. nrayhsu; xt;nthU tplaj;jpdJk; re;ju;gg ; q;fisf; fUj;jpw; nfhz;L mwtplg;gl Ntz;ba njhifiaj; jPuk ; hdpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 20:5 jdJ ,lkhw;wk; njhlHghf xU gQ;rhq;f khjj;Jf;Fs; mwptpj;jiyg; ngWkplj;J mf;fhuzj;jpw;fhf XH cj;jpNahfj;jH> mtuJ jsghlq;fis mDg;g Kd;dNu mtuJ Gjpa Nrit epiyaj;Jf;Fr; nry;y epu;gg ; e;jpf;fg;gbd;> mtUf;F jhd; Kd;$l;bNa nrd;w re;jHg;gj;jpy; 20:1 Mk; cl;gpuptpd; fPo; Vw;fdNt ,ize;j gbiag; ngw;Ws;shuhapDk; jdJ jsghlq;fis vLj;JtUk; NghJ 20:4 Mk; cl;gpuptpd; fPo; mDkjpf;fg;glf;$ba KOikahd fhyg;gFjpf;Fk; jdf;fhd ,ize;j gbiag; ngwyhk;. 20:6 cl;gpupT 20:4 ,d; fPohd ,ize;j gbfs; toq;fg;gLtJ Fiwe;jJ> 4 me;ju; jsghlk; nfhz;L nry;yg;gl;lhy; khj;jpuNkahFk;. Mff;

20:7 mYtyu; yPtpy; cs;s ve;jnthU fhyg;gFjpf;Fk; 20:4 Mk; cl;gpuptpd; fPo; gbfs;; toq;fg;gl KbahJ. ,J vt;thwhapDk; mtuJ FLk;g cWg;gpdu;fSf;fhd nfhLg;gdT jil nra;ahJ. 20:8 jdJ ,lkhw;wk; njhlHghf xU gQ;rhq;f khjj;Jf;F my;yJ mjw;Fk; $Ljyhd fhyj;jpw;F Kd;dH mwptpjj ; iyg; ngw;w XH cj;jpNahfj;jH jhd; nra;Ak; NghNj jdJ jsghlq;fis ,lk; ngau;ff ; htpl;lhy;> mtUf;F 20:4 Mk; cl;gpuptpd; fPo; ,ize;j gbfisf; NfhUtjw;F chpik fpilahJ.
180

mj;jpahak; XIV

vt;thwhapDk;> 22:19Mk; cl;gpuptpd;fo P ; tpjpj;Jiuf;fg;gl;l 12 khj fhyg;gFjpapDs; my;yJ jpizf;fsj; jiytH fhyePbg;nghd;iw toq;fpapUg;gpd; me;eb P f;fg;gl;l fhyg;gFjpf;Fs;; mtuJ jsghlq;fs; ,lk; ngau;ff ; g;gbd; mtuJ FLk;gj;jpdUf;fhd gbfisg;ngw cupj;Jz;L.

21. 21. epiyakhw; epiyakhw;wj;jpd; kPjhd gpuahzr; nryTfspd; cj;jpNahfj;jUk; mthpd; FLk;gj;jpdUk; nry;yy;

nfhLg;gdTfs;:

21:1 ,ize;j gbf;F Nkyjpfkhf> Xu; cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F Gifapuj Mizr;rl P L ; k; mj;Jld; Gifapuj trjp ,y;yhjtplj;J mtUf;Fk; mtupy; jq;fpapUf;Fk; mtuJ FLk;g cWg;gpdu;fSf;Fk; nghJ thfdf; fl;lzKk; mDkjpf;fg;gl KbAk;. 21:2 mtuJ tjptplj;Jf;Fk; Gifapuj epiyankhd;Wf;Fk; my;yJ g]; epiyankhd;Wf;Fk; ,ilapyhd Nghf;Ftuj;Jr; nrytpdq;fs;> 16 Mk; gphptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sthW 5.00 &gh kw;Wk; 10.00 &gh vd;w gzj;njhiffSf;Fl;gl;L nrYj;jg;gl KbAk;. MapDk; FLk;gj;jpdh;fs; ,uz;Lf;F Nkw;gl;Nlhh; gazk; nra;fpd;w NghJ mg;gzj;njhifia gpd;tUkhW NtWgLj;jpr; nrYj;j KbAk;. 21:2:1 J}uk; xU ikYf;F Nkw;glhjtplj;J> mLj;jth; my;yJ ,Uth; rhh;gpy; &. 3.00 f;fhd Nkyjpf gbnahd;Wk;; mj;Jld; mjdpYk; $ba ,d;Ndhh; MSf;F &. 1.00 f;fhd gbnad;w tifapy; nkhj;jk; &.5.00 vd;w cr;r vy;iyf;Fl;gl;L nfhLg;gdT nra;ag;glyhk;. 21:2:2 J}uk; xU ikYf;F Nkw;gl;ljhftpUf;Fkplj;J mLj;jtH my;yJ ,UtUf;F &.3.00f;fhd Nkyjpf gbAk;> mjdpYk; $ba ,d;Ndhh; Ms; rhh;ghf 1.50 rjk; gbnad;w tifapy; nkhj;jk; 10.00 cr;r vy;iyf;Fl;gl;L nrYj;jg;glyhk;. ; 21:2:3 ,t;nthOq;Ftpjpfspd; Nehf;fq;fSf;fikthf FLk;gj;jpdh; vd;w nrhy; 21 taJf;F Nkw;gl;l xU kfidNah my;yJ 3 taJf;Ff; Fiwe;j gps;isiaNah cs;slf;fhJ. 21:3 gpuahzj;jpd; xU gFjp Gifapujk; %yk; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl Kbahjtplj;J 8:2 Mk; cl;gpuptpy; tpjpf;fg;gl;Ls;sthW mg;gFjpf;F iky;$ypiaf; Nfhuyhk;. Mdhy; FLk;gj;jpdiuf; nfhz;L nry;tjw;F Nkyjpf nrytpdk; cwg;gl;lnjd vz;gpf;fg;glhtplj;J mk;iky;$yp toq;fg;gLtJ cj;jpNahfj;jh; rhh;ghf khj;jpuNkahFk;. mj;jifa Nkyjpf nrynthd;W cwg;gl;likia ep&gpj;jhy; mk; Nkyjpf nrytpdj;ij <Lnra;tjw;Fg; Nghjpa gbnahd;W nrYj;jg;gl KbAk;. 21:4 gpupT 22 ,d; fPo; Nkhl;lhu; thfdj;ij Gifapujj;jpy; vLj;Jr; nry;tjw;fhf Gifapuj Mizr; rPlL ; f;fSf;F cupj;Jila Xu; cj;jpNahfj;jh;> mjidg; Gifapujk; %yk; vLj;Jr; nry;tjw;Fg; gjpyhf> epiya khw;wj;jpd; NghJ mtUk; mtuJ FLk;gj;jpdUk; mjpy; gpuahzk; nra;J jdJ FLk;gj;jpd; vthpd; gazj;jpw;fhfTk; Gifapuj Mizr; rPli ; lf; Nfhuhjtplj;J 6:5 kw;Wk; 6:6 Mk; cl;gpupTfspy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s chpa fl;lzj; njhiff;fika gazj;Jf;fhd iky; $ypiaf; Nfhuyhk;. 21:4:1 cl;gpupT 6:6 ,d; fPo; mtu; iky;$ypiaf; NfhUthuhapd; mg;gpuptpy; cs;s 130 iky;fs; vd;w tuk;ngy;iy> epiya khw;w gpuahzj;jpd; ghy; nry;thf;Fr; nrYj;jhJ.

181

mj;jpahak; XIV

22. jhd gpuahzr; nryTfspd; 22. epiya khw;wj;jpd; kPjhd nryTfspd; nfhLg;gdTfs;: jsghlq; jsghlq;fs; Mfpadtw; Mfpadtw;iwf; nfhz;L nry;yy;:
22:1 Mz;nlhd;Wf;F &. 14>760 my;yJ mjw;F Nkw;gl;l rk;gsj;ijg; ngWk; Xu; cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F ( 20:2 Mk; cggphpitg; ghHf;f) gpd;tUtdtw;iwg; ngw chpj;Jz;L. 22:1:1 ,uz;L Ntiyahl;fSf;Fk; kw;Wk; 3 taJf;Fl;gl;l Foe;ijAld; nry;Yk; xU tPlL ; g; gzpg;ngz;Zf;Fk; Gifapuj Mizr; rPlL ; f;fSk; nghJ thfdj;Jf;fhd fl;lzKk; 22:1:2 jdf;Fr; nrhe;jkhd Nkhl;lhh; fhiu my;yJ Nkhl;lhu; irf;fpis Gifapujj;jpy; vLj;Jr; nry;tjw;fhd xU Gifapuj Mizr;rl P L ; 22:2 Mz;nlhd;Wf;F &.8>460I my;yJ mjw;F Nkw;gl;l (20:2 Mk; cl;gpupitg; ghu;ff ; ) rk;gsj;ijg; ngWgtUk;> Gifapujk; %yk; ,uz;lhk; tFg;gpy; gpuahzk; nra;tjw;F cupj;JilatUkhd (17Mk; gpupitg; ghu;ff ; ) Xu; cj;jpNahfj;jh; gpd;tUtdtw;Wf;F cupj;Jilatuhthu;:22:2:1 xU NtiyahSf;Fk; %d;W taJf;Fl;gl;l gps;isAld; nrd;why; xU tPlL ; g; gzpg;ngz;Zf;Fk; 22:1:1 Mk; cl;gpuptpd; fPo; cs;sthwhd mNj rYiffs;. 22:2:2 jdJ flik eltbf;iffis tpidj;jpwDld; $bajhf Mw;Wtjw;fhd thfdnkhd;iw itj;jpUf;FkhW tUkhW murhq;fj;jpdhy; gzpf;fg;gLkplj;J> jdf;Fhpa Nkhl;lhh; fhnuhd;iw my;yJ Nkhl;lhh; irf;fpnshd;iw Gifapujk; %yk; vLj;Jr; nry;tjw;fhd Gifapuj Mizr; rPln ; lhd;W. 22:3 Ntiyahl;fSf;fhd Gifapuj Mizr;rl P L ; %d;whk; tFg;G gpuahzj;Jf;fhdjhapUf;f Ntz;Lnkd;gJld; xU gps;isAld; nry;Yk; tPlL ; g; gzpg;ngz;Zf;F> tpepNahfpf;fg;gl Ntz;baJ cj;jpNahfj;jh;; gpuahzk; nra;a cupj;Jila tFg;NghLs;s mLj;j fPo; epiy tFg;gpy; gpuahzk; nra;tjw;fhd Mizr; rPln ; lhd;whFk;. 22:4 NtW ve;jNthH cj;jpNahfj;jUf;Fk; Ntiyahl;fis my;yJ Nkhl;lhu; thfdq;fis ,ytrkhff; nfhz;L nry;y cupj;Jf; fpilahJ . 22:5 ,q;F 22:8 Mk; kw;Wk; 22:11 Mk; cl;gphpTfSf;Fl;gl;Lk; fPof ; ; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s kl;Lg;ghLfSf;Fl;gl;Lk; tPlL ; j;jsghlq;fs; kw;Wk; (irf;fps; cs;spl;l) gazg; nghjpfis Gifapujk; %yk; ,ytrkhff; nfhz;L nry;tjw;Fk;> nghjpaply; nrytpdk;> kw;Wk; ,ilepfo;T nrytpdk; ,uz;L me;jq;fspYKs;s tPL kw;Wk; nghjpfisf; ifNaw;fpd;w Gifapuj epiyak; vd;gtw;wpilNa ,g;nghUl;fisg; Nghf;Ftuj;Jr; nra;tjw;fhf cz;ikapNyNa cwg;gl;l nyhwp thlif vd;gtw;iwg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;sTk; cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUf;F chpj;Jz;L.
,ytrkhfg; Gifapujk; %yk; nfhz;L nry;yg;glf;$ba nghUl;fspd; cr;r msT

rk;gsk;

Mz;nlhd;Wf;F &.36>600/- &ghit kw;Wk; mjw;F Nkw;gl;l rk;gsj;ijg; ngWfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUf;F 182

8 njhd;

mj;jpahak; XIV

Mz;nlhd;Wf;F &.24>000/- &ghit kw;Wk; mjw;F rk;gsj;ijg; ngWfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUf;F

Nkw;gl;l

6 njhd; 4 njhd;

Mz;nlhd;Wf;F &.14>760/- &ghit kw;Wk; mjw;F Nkw;gl;l rk;gsj;ijg; ngWfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUf;F Mz;nlhd;Wf;F &.8>460/- &ghit kw;Wk; mjw;F Nkw;gl;l rk;gsj;ijg; ngWfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jUf;Fk;> 1979f;F Kd;du; Gifapujj;jpy; II Mk;; tFg;gpy; gazk; nra;tjw;F jdpg;gl;l Kiwapy; cupj;Js;s cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F Mz;nlhd;Wf;F &.8>460/- &ghtpw;F Fiwthd rk;gsj;ijg; ngWfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUf;F

2 njhd;

1 njhd;

(20:2 Mk; cl;gpupitg; ghu;ff ; ) 22:6 Gifapujk; %yk; murhq;f nrytpy; nfhz;L nry;yg;gLtjw;F mDkjpf;fg;gl;Ls;s nghjpfspd; cr;repiytiu cz;ikapy; nfhz;L nry;yg;gl;l nghUl;fs; rhh;ghf> nghjpaply; kw;Wk; ,ilepfo;Tfs; vd;gtw;Wf;fhd nrytpdq;fs; gpd;tUkhW kPsspf;fg;gLtjw;F Xu; cj;jpNahfj;jh;; cupj;Jilatuhthu;:&. 4 me;jUk; mjw;F Nkw;gl;lJk; 30 2 njhd;Dk; mjw;F Nkw;gl;lJk; 60 4 njhd;Dk; mjw;F Nkw;gl;lJk; 80 22:7 cz;ikapy; nfhz;L nry;yg;gl;l nghUl;fspd; vil> vt;tsntd;gJ Gifapujj; jpizf;fsj;jpdhy; tpepNahfpf;fg;gLfpd;w ruf;Fg; gl;bay; Nghd;w Mtzq;fspypUe;J epr;rapf;fg;gLfpd;wJ. nghUl;fs; nyhwp %yk; kl;LNk nfhz;L nry;yg;gLk; NghJ ,t;nthOq;Ftpjpfspd; fPo; Vw;ghL nra;ag;gl;Ls;sthW kPsspg;Gf; Nfhug;gLk; NghJ> mf;Nfhupf;iff;Fg; gzk; nrYj;Jk; jpizf;fsj; jiytu; chpa cj;jpNahfj;jhplkpUe;J nghUl;fspd; gl;baiyg; ngw;Wf; nfhz;L> rupghu;gg ; jd; %yk; mjd; vil gw;wpj; jhd; jpUg;jpailjy; Ntz;Lk;. 22:8 chpa cj;jpNahfj;jh; tjpitf; nfhz;bUg;gJ mYtyfk; mikag; ngw;Ws;s efuhl;rp ,lg; gug;gpDs;NsNah> my;yJ mtuJ mYtyfj;jpypUe;J 4 iky;fSf;Fs;NsNahntdpd; mtuJ tjptplj;jpw;F kpf mUfpy; mike;Js;s nghUl;fisf; ifNaw;fpd;w Gifapuj epiyaj;jpypUe;J my;yJ Gifapuj epiyak; tiu Gifapujr; rPlL ; toq;fg;gLk (22:11:1 Mk; cl;gpupitg; ghu;ff ; Tk;);. 22:9 cj;jpNahfj;jh; ,t;nty;iyfSf;F ntspapYs;s Xhplj;ij tjpTf;fhfj; Njh;en ; jLj;Js;stplj;J> Gifapuj Mizr;rl P L ; f;fs; toq;fg;gLtJ ,k;kl;Lg;ghLfSf;Fl;gl;l tifapy; mtuJ tjptplj;Jf;F kpf mz;ikapy; cs;s Gifapuj epiyak; tiuapyhFk;. 22:10 KOj; J}uj;Jf;F my;yJ mjd; ghfj;Jf;F Gifapujg; Nghf;Ftuj;J fpilf;ff; $bajhf ,Uf;Fkplj;J> mj;J}uj;Jf;F jsghlq;fs; kw;Wk; tPlL ; g; nghUl;fs; vd;gtw;iw Gifapujk; %yk; nfhz;L nry;yy; Ntz;Lk;. murhq;fj; jpizf;fsnkhd;Wf;F my;yJ nghJf; $l;Lj;jhgdnkhd;Wf;F/ mikg;nghd;Wf;Fr; nrhe;jkhd nyhwpnahd;wpUe;J toikahd NtiyfSf;Fj; jilaPbd;wp mjid tpLtpf;ff;$bajhfTk; ,Uf;Fkplj;J jdJ jsghlq;fisAk; tPlL ; g;nghUl;fisAk; mj;jifa thfdj;jpy; thliff; fl;lz mbg;gilapy; nfhz;L nry;yTk; Xh; cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F ,lkspf;fyhk;. mj;jifa xOq;fikg;Gf;Fr; nrhe;jkhd thfdj;ij cgNahfpg;gjw;fhf nrYj;jg;glf;$ba Mff;$ ; ba thlif tPjq;fs; gpd;tUtdthjy; Ntz;Lk;:183

mj;jpahak; XIV

&. r 1 njhd;Df;F Nkw;glhjit 1 njhd;Df;F Nkw;gl;lNghjpYk; 2 njhd;fSf;F Nkw;glhjit 1 njhd;Df;F xU ikYf;F 1 njhd;Df;F xU ikYf;F 4 .96 4 .62 4 . 10 3 . 59 3 . 25

2 njhd;fSf;F Nkw;gl;lNghjpYk; 1 njhd;Df;F xU ikYf;F 4 njhd;fSf;F Nkw;glhjit 4 njhd;fSf;F Nkw;gl;lNghjpYk; 1 njhd;Df;F xU ikYf;F 6 njhd;fSf;F Nkw;glhjit 6 njhd;fSf;F Nkw;gl;lit 1 njhd;Df;F xU ikYf;F

22:10:1 mg;gazj;jpd; Gifapujk; %yk; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl Kbahjthwhd ghfj;Jf;F khj;jpuk; 22:11 Mk; cl;gpuptpd; tuk;ngy;iyfSf;Fl;gl;l mDkhdpf;fg;gl;l my;yJ cz;ikahd nyhwp thlif 22:10:2 3 ehl;fs; cr;r vy;iyf; fhyg;gFjpf;fhf 20:4Mk; cl;gpuptpd; fPohd ,ize;j gb. 22:11 gazj;jpd; ,uz;L me;jq;fspy; ve;jNthh; me;jj;jpy; fhzg;gl;l NghjpYk;> $l Gifapuj epiyak; cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; tjptplk; vd;gtw;wpw;fpilNa tPlL ; j; jsghlq;fis Nghf;Ftuj;Jr; nra;tjw;fhd nyhwp thlif nrYj;jg;gl KbtJ> re;jHg;gj;jpw;Nfw;g> mtuJ gioa my;yJ Gjpa Ntiy epiyak; mike;Js;s efuhl;rp vy;iyf;Fs; mtuJ tjptplk; mike;jpUe;jhy; my;yJ mt;Ntiy epiyaj;jpypUe;J ehd;F iky;fSf;Fs; mike;jpUe;jhy; khj;jpuNk MFk;. 22:11:1 cl;gpupTfs; 22:8 kw;Wk; 22:11 vd;gtw;wpd; Nehf;fj;Jf;fhf nfhOk;G efuhl;rp vy;iy vd;gJ nfhOk;G khefuhl;rp vy;iyapDs; mike;Js;s Ntiy epiyaj;jpypUe;J 20 iky;fSf;Fs; mike;Js;s ,lg;gug;nghd;whFk;. 22:11:2 vtNuDNkhu; cj;jpNahfj;jh; ,t;nty;iyfSf;F ntspNa trpf;fpd;w NghJ NghJ cj;jpNahfj;jhpd;; tjptplk; kw;Wk; kpf mz;ikapYs;s nghUl;fisf; ifNaw;Fk; Gifapuj epiyaj;Jf;Fkpilapyhd nyhwp thlif vd;gd ehY iky; J}u cr;r msT tiuNa nrYj;jg;gLk;. 22:12 Xu; cj;jpNahfj;jh; jdJ ,lkhw;w mwptpj;jiy xU gQ;rhq;f khjj;Jf;Ff; Fiwthd fhyj;jpw;Fs; ngw;Wf; nfhz;likapdhy; Gjpa Ntiy epiyaj;jpy; tPnlhd;iwj; Njbf; nfhs;s Kbahkw;Nghd fhuzj;jpdhy; 22:12:1 gpd;ida ehnshd;wpy; jdJ jsghlq;fis vLj;Jr; nry;Yk; Nehf;NfhL mtH jdJ gioa epiyaj;jpNyNa mtw;iw tpl;Ltpl;Lr; nrd;why; mt;tl P L ; j; jsghlq;fis jdJ gioa epiyaj;jpypUe;J mfw;Wtjw;fhfr; nry;yntd ,ytr Gifapuj Mizr;rl P i ; l mtUf;F toq;f KbAk;. Mdhy; ,ize;j gbiar; nrYj;j KbahJ. 22:12:2 mj;jifa re;ju;gg ; nkhd;wpy; mth; mj;jsghlq;fis itf;fntd VNjDk; jw;fhypf ,lnkhd;wpw;F vLj;Jr; nrd;why; Kbtplj;jpd; Gifapuj epiyaj;jpypUe;J mj;jw;fhypf ,lj;jpw;Fk; gpd;du; mtu; xU tPli ; l Njbf; nfhz;lhy; mj;jw;fhypf ,lj;jpypUe;J mtuJ tPlL ; f;Fk; jdJ nghUl;fisf; nfhz;L nry;tjw;fhf mtUf;F Gifapuj Mizr;rl P n ; lhd;W ; k; kw;Wk;/my;yJ ,t;nthOq;Ftpjpfspd; fPo; nfhz;L nry;tjw;fhf mDkjpf;fg;gLfpd;w nryTj;njhifAk; nrYj;jg;glyhk;. MapDk; 22:8Mk; kw;Wk; 22:11 Mk; cl;gpupTfspy; mtuJ tPlb ; d; miktplk; njhlh;ghf fhl;lg;gl;Ls;s
184

mj;jpahak; XIV

kl;Lg;ghLfs; njhlh;ghfTk;

mt; tPlL ; j;jsghlq;fs; Vw;GiladthFk;.

itf;fg;gLfpd;w

jw;fhypf

,lk;

22:13 Xu; cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F nrYj;jg;glw;ghyjhd nyhwp thlif gpd;tUtd thjy; Ntz;Lk;:(m) 1 njhd;Df;F Nkw;glhjit (M) 1 njhd;Df;F Nkw;gl;l NghjpYk; 2 njhd;fSf;F Nkw;glhjit (,) 2 njhd;fSf;F Nkw;gl;l NghjpYk;; 4 njhd;fSf;F Nkw;glhjit (<) 4 njhd;fSf;F Nkw;gl;l NghjpYk; 6 njhd;fSf;F Nkw;glhjit 1 njhd;Df;F xU ikYf;F 1 njhd;Df;F xU ikYf;F &. rjk; 3. 60 3. 35

1 njhd;Df;F xU ikYf;F 1 njhd;Df;F xU ikYf;F

3. 2.

00 60

(c) 6 njhd;fSf;F Nkw;gl;lit

1 njhd;Df;F xU ikYf;F

2.

35

22:14 nyhwp thliff;fhd xt;nthU Nfhupf;if njhlu;gpYk; chpa gw;Wr; rPlL ; rku;g;gpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 22:15 ,g;gpuptpd; fPo; thfdnkhd;iw Gifapujj;jpd; %yk; nfhz;L nry;tjw;F tpz;zg;gpf;fpd;w NghJ thfdj;jpd; vil kw;Wk; ePs> mfy> cau msTfs; njhlu;gpyhd KO tpguq;fisAk; Gifapuj; jpizf;fsj;Jf;F mwptpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. ,j;Njitg;ghLfSld; ,zq;fpnahOfj; jtwpaikahy; nghUj;jkw;w Gifapujg;ngl;b fpilj;jik fhuzkhf nfhz;L nry;yiyg; nghUj;jkw;wjhf;fpd;> tPjp %yk; gazk; nra;a Ntz;bthpd; mg;gazj;Jf;fhd iky;$yp cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F nrYj;jg;gl khl;lhJ. 22:16 gpuNjrj;jpd; cjtp murhq;f mjpgu; gpd;tUkhW rhd;WWjpg;gLj;jpdhNyad;wp jsghlq;fisf; nfhz;L nry;tjw;fhf khl;L tz;b thlif nrYj;jg;glkhl;lhJ. gazj;jpd; VNjDk; xU ghfj;Jf;F tPlL ; j; jsghlq;fis Nkhl;lhu; thfdj;jpd; %yk; nfhz;L nry;y Kbahnjd;gJ ,r;re;ju;g;gj;jpy; gazj;jpd; me;jg; ghfj;Jf;F kl;LNk khl;L tz;b thlif nrYj;jg;gl KbAk; my;yJ nfhz;L nry;yg;gl Ntz;ba nghUl;fspd; viliaAk;> nfhz;L nry;yg;gl Ntz;ba J}uj;ijAk; fUj;jpnyLf;Fk; NghJ mg;gzpf;fhf mg;gpuNjrj;jpy; Nkhl;lhh; tz;bnahd;iw cgNahfpf;f Kbahnjd> my;yJ Nkhl;lhu; thfdk; %yk; nfhz;L nry;Yk; nryittpl khl;L tz;b %ykhd Nghf;Ftuj;J nryTj;njhif Fiwthf cs;snjd. 22:16:1 mJ ,ul;il khl;L tz;bahapUe;jhYk; rup> xw;iw khl;L tz;bahf ,Ue;jhYk; rup) khl;L tz;b thlif &. 2.50 MFk;. 22:16:2 khl;L tz;b thlif nrYj;jg;glf;$ba tz;bfspd; vz;zpf;if> nfhz;L nry;yg;gLk; tPlL ; j; jsghlq;fspd; xt;nthU miuj; njhd;Df;Fk;. Xh; ,ul;il khl;L tz;b my;yJ ,uz;L xw;iw khl;L tz;bfs; vd;w tpfpjj;jpy; mikAk;. Xw;iw khl;L tz;bfs; mku;jj ; g;gl Kbahjtplj;J khj;jpuNk ,ul;il khl;L tz;bfs; mku;jj ; g;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;.
185

mj;jpahak; XIV

22:16:3 khl;L tz;bapd; thliff; nfhLg;gdTf;fhf chpa gw;Wr;rPlL ; f;fs; rku;g;gpf;fg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. 22:17 tPlL ; j; jsghlq;fs;> kw;Wk; nghjpfs; vd;gtw;iwf; nfhz;L nry;tJld;; njhlu;Ggl;l nyhwp thlif> khl;L tz;b thlif> nghjpaply; kw;Wk; ,ilepfo;Tr; nryTfs; Nghd;w rfy nrytpdq;fsJk; kPsspg;G> 22:5Mk; cl;gpuptpd; epajpfSf;fika Gifapujk; %yk; murhq;f nrytpy; vLj;Jr; nry;y cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUf;F cupj;Js;s Mff;$ba epiwf;F kl;Lg;gLj;jg;gLk;. 22:18 tpNrl Nghf;Ftuj;J cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUthpd; FLk;g mq;fj;jpdh;fs; my;yJ mtuJ jsghlq;fs; mtuJ gioa epiyaj;jpypUe;J Gjpa epiyaky;yhj NtNwhu; ,lj;Jf;F my;yJ mtuJ gioa epiyak; my;yhj NtnwhU ,lj;jpypUe;J Gjpa epiyaj;Jf;F mDg;gg;gLk; NghJ mtuJ gioa epiyaj;Jf;Fk; Gjpa epiyaj;Jf;Fk; ,ilNa Vw;gLk; Nghf;Ftuj;Jr; nryTf;F Nkw;glhjthWs;s msT J}uj;Jf;F mtuJ FLk;gj;jth;fisAk; jsghlq;fisAk; Gifapujk; %yk; mDg;Gtjw;F ,lkspf;f KbAk;. mj;jifa Nghf;Ftuj;Jj; njhlu;gpy; ,ize;j gb> nyhwp thlif> nghjpaply; my;yJ NtW nryTfs; nrYj;jg;g ; lkhl;lhJ. 22:18:1 mth; Kd;gpUe;j Ntiyj;jsj;jpw;F my;yJ Gjpa Nriyj;jsj;jpw;F Neubahf Gifapuj Nritnahd;W fhzg;glhtplj;J> 22:18 Mk; cg gphptpd; fPo; ,yrtkhf toq;f Kbe;j Gifapujg; Nghf;Ftuj;Jj; njhlh;ghd nrytpidf; fzf;fpLifapy; mtuJ FLk;g mq;fj;jpdh;fisAk; jsghlq;fisAk; mt; Ntiyj;jsj;jpypUe;J mz;ikapy; mikag; ngw;Ws;s Gifapuj epiyaj;Jf;F ngUe;njU Clhf vLj;Jr; nrd;why; nrythftpUe;j Cfpj;jy; nrytpidf; fUj;jpy; nfhs;s KbAk;. 22:19 gd;dpnuz;L khj tpjp Xu; cj;jpNahfj;jh;; mtuJ Kjy; epakdj; jpfjp my;yJ ,lkhw;wk; ngw;w jpfjpapypUe;J 12 khj fhyj;jpDs; my;yJ cj;jpNahfj;jupdhy; jpizf;fsj; jiytUf;Fr; nra;ag;gl;l Kd; tpz;zg;gj;jpd; kPJ mf;fhyf;nfL ePbf;fg;gl;bUg;gpd; mt;thW ePbf;fg;gl;l fhyj;jpDs; mtuJ FLk;gj;ijAk; jsghlq;fisAk; vLj;Jr; nry;yhtpby; mjw;Nfw;gl;l nrytpdq;fis mtUf;F kPsspf;ff; $lhJ. 22:19:1 mj;jifa re;ju;gg ; j;jpy; cj;jpNahfj;jh; jdJ gpuahzr; nryT Nfhhpf;ifg; gbtj;ij ,izg; gpujpfspy; Kg;gJ ehl;fSf;Fs; rkh;gg ; pj;jy; Ntz;Lnkd;gNjhL> jdJ FLk;gk; my;yJ jsghlq;fs; njhlu;gpy; NtnwhU Nfhupf;if gpd;njhlUnkd;w xU $w;iwAk; mjDld; ,izj;Jr; rkh;gg ; pj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 22:20 xNu Nrit epiyaj;jpDs; mike;Js;s NtNwhh; mur Fbkidf; Fbkidf;fhd khw;wk; k; - epiya khw;wj;ij Vw;gLj;jhj xU Gjpa gjtpapy; epakdk; ngWk; Xu; cj;jpNahfj;jh;> ; xU gjtpf;nfd tpNrlkhf ,izf;fg;gl;Ls;s xU murhq;ff; Fbkidapy; FbapUf;f my;yJ mijtpl;lfy Ntz;btUkplj;J> Nghf;Ftuj;Jr; nryTfs; kl;LNk kPsspf;fg;gl mtu; cupj;Jilatuhthu;> ,ize;j gbf;Nfh my;yJ nghjpaply; nryTfSf;Nfh cupj;Jiatuhfkhl;lhu;. mtu; NtW VNjDk; fhuzj;Jf;fhf murhq;ff; Fbkidia tplL ; ntspNawpdhy; my;yJ mfd;why; ve;j kPsspg;Gf;Fk; mtu; cupj;Jilatuhfkhl;lhu;. 22:21 murhq;ff; fl;lisnahd;wpdhy; xU Ntiyj; jsj;jpypUe;J NtnwhU Ntiyj; jsj;jpw;F ,lkhw;wk; nra;ag;gLfpd;w epiyahd jhgdnkhd;wpw;Fhpj;jhd my;yJ chpj;jw;w khjhe;j rk;gsj;ijg; ngWfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUf;Fk; ehl;rk;gsk; ngWfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUf;Fk; ,t;tj;jpahaj;jpYs;s xOq;Ftpjpfs; Vw;GiladthFk;.

186

mj;jpahak; XIV

23. 23. nrhe;j Cu; gpuNjrj;jpw;Ff; nfhz;L nry;yy;


23:1 Nkw;Fwpj;j gpupTfspy; vJvg;gbapUg;gpDk; xU Nrit epiyaj;jpypUe;J NtnwhU Nrit epiyaj;Jf;F ,lkhw;wnkhd;W ngw;Wr; nry;fpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUf;F fPof ; F ; wpg;gpl;l re;ju;gg ; q;fspy; gpd;tUk; rYiffs; cupj;jhFk;. 23:2 tPlL ; trjpiag; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjpy; cs;s rpukj;jpdhy; mtu; jdJ Gjpa epiyaj;Jf;F jdJ FLk;gj;jpdh;fis kw;Wk;/my;yJ jsghlq;fisf; nfhz;L nry;tjw;F ,ayhjpUe;jhy;> mtuJ my;yJ mtuJ kidtpapd; nrhe;j Cu; gpuNjrj;Jf;F mtuJ FLk;gj;jpdiuAk; jsghlq;fisAk; nfhz;L nry;tjw;fhd epiya khw;wg; gpuahzr; nryTfs; mtUf;Fr; nrYj;jg;gLk;. 23:3 gpd;du; NtnwhU jpfjpapy; jdJ FLk;gj;jpdHfs; kw;Wk; tPlL ; j;jsghlq;fis jdJ Gjpa Nrit epiyaj;Jf;Ff; nfhz;L nry;ifapy; mjw;fhd nryT mtUf;Fr; nrYj;jg;gLk;. 23:4 mtu;> jdJ Gjpa epiyaj;Jf;F mtuJ FLk;gj;jpdiuAk; jsghlq;fisAk; nfhz;L nry;yhtpby; mtuJ mLj;j ,lkhw;wj;jpd; NghJ> ,lkhw;wk; nra;ag;glTs;s epiyaj;Jf;F FLk;gj;jpdiuAk; jsghlq;fisAk; nfhz;L nry;tjw;fhd epiya khw;wg; gpuahzr; nryTfs; mtUf;Fr; nrYj;jg;glyhk;. 23:5 ,g;gpuptpd; fPohd rYifia cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUthpd; tho;ehspy; xU jlit khj;jpuNk ngw;Wf;nfhs;syhk;. 23:6 Xu; cj;jpNahfj;jh; ,r;rYifiag; ngWkplj;J> mtuJ ngau;topf; Nfhg;gpy; ,J gw;wpa Fwpg;nghd;iw ,ly; Ntz;Lk;. ,g;gpuptpd; fPo; XH cj;jpNahfj;jH Nfhupf;if xd;iw Kd;itf;Fk; NghJ> mtH; ,r;rYifia Kd;G ngwtpy;iy vd;gjw;fhd rhd;wpjio mthplkpUe;J ngw;Wf; nfhs;Sjy; Ntz;Lk;.

24. 24.

FWfpa fhy mwptpj;jypy; gpw;Nghly;> ePff ; y; Mfpad Mfpad

,lkhw;wq;fs;>

,lkhw; ; q;fisg fisg; ,lkhww fis

24:1 rupnra;ifg; gb:gb:- cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtu;> xU gQ;rhq;f khjj;Jf;Ff; Fiwthd fhy mtfhrkspf;fg;gl;L ,lkhw;wk; nra;ag;gLkplj;J> mtUf;Fhpa ,ize;jgbapy; ghjpastpyhd njhif rupnra;ifg; gbnahd;iwg; ngWjw;F mtu; cupj;JilatuhthH. ,jw;F Nkyjpfkhf 20:5> 22:12Mk; cl;gpupTfspd; fPOs;s ed;ikfisg; ngWtjw;Fk; mtu; cupj;Jilatuhthu;). 24:2 30 ehl;fSf;Ff; Fiwthd fhy mtfhrkspf;fg;gl;L ,lkhw;wnkhd;W nra;ag;gLfpd;w NghJ ,r; rhpnra;ifg; gbiaf; nfhLg;gdT nra;a KbtJ me;j 30 ehs; fhyf;nfL epiwtiltjw;Ff; FiwthfTs;s jpdq;fSf;F khj;jpuNkahFk;. 24:3 Nkw;$wg;gl;l cl;gpupT 24:2,d; Nehf;fj;Jf;fhf> chpa fhyj;ijf; fzf;fpl fUj;jpnyLf;fg;gl Ntz;ba jpfjpfs; ,lkhw;w mwptpj;jypy; fhzg;gLk; jpfjpAk; Gjpa epiyaj;jpy; mtu; flikfisg; nghWg;Ngw;Fk; jpfjpANk MFk;. 24:4 rupnra;ifg; gb nrYj;jg;gl Ntz;bAs;stplj;J> 4:5:3Mk; cl;gpuptpd; fPohd ,ize;jgbapd; 25%> Nkyjpf epjpiaf; nfhLg;gdT nra;a KbtJ> Mff;$baJ xU khjfhyg;gFjp tiu khj;jpuNk MFk;. 24:5 ,lkhw;wj;ijf; fl;lisapLfpd;w mjpfhup> ,e;Nehf;fj;Jf;fhf> ,lkhw;wf;fl;lis jghypy; mDg;gg;gLk; my;yJ xg;gilf;fg;gLk; ehsd;W jpfjpaplg;gl;bUg;gijAk;> Kbe;jsT tpiutpy; cj;jpNahfj;jhplk; Nru;g;gpf;fg;gLjiyAk; cWjp nra;jy; Ntz;Lk;.
187

mj;jpahak; XIV

vLj;Jf;fhl;L:- khu;r; 10vdj; jpfjpaplg;gl;l fbjnkhd;wpd;%yk; Vg;gpuy; 1Me; jpfjpapypUe;J mKyhFk; tpjj;jpy; ,lkhw;wk; nra;ag;gl;l cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtH Vg;gpuy; 1 Me;jpfjpad;W > flikiag; nghWg;Ngw;fpwhu;. mtUf;Fr; nrYj;jg;glw;Fupa ,ize;jgb 60 &ghthFk;. mtUf;Fhpj;jhd rupnra;ifg; gb fzpg;gplg;gl Ntz;baJ fPot ; UkhwhFk;. (30 - 20) X 60 &gh X = &. 300.000 5k; jpfjp mtu; flik Vw;ghuhdhy; (30 - 25) X 60 &gh X = &. 150.000 24:6 Xu; cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; nrhe;j Ntz;LNfhspd; Ngupy; ,lkhw;wnkhd;W Jhpjg;gLj;jg;gLk; NghJ my;yJ Ju;elj;ij fhuzkhf ,lkhw;wk; nra;ag;;gLkplj;J> rupnra;ifg;gb nfhLg;gdT nra;ag;gl KbahJ. 24:7 rupnra;i ; fg;gb cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F mtupd; FLk;g cWg;gpdu; vtUf;Fk; my;y. khj;jpuNk nrYj;jg;glw;ghyNjad;wp

24:8 ,lkhw;wk; mKyhfTs;s jpfjpf;F 3 ehl;fSf;F Kd;G mt;tplkhw;wk; ePff ; g;gbd;> my;yJ gpd;Nghlg;gbd; cj;Njrpj;j ,lkhw;wk; njhlu;gpy;> cz;ikahfTk; mtrpakhfTk; cj;jpNahfj;jh;; nryT nra;j njhiff;F <lhf> cj;jpNahfj;jh;> mtuhy; mj;jifa nryT cz;ikahfTk; mtrpakhfTk; $wg;gl;lnjd;gij jpUg;jpfukhf ep&gpf;Fkplj;J> epahakhd msT epjpia kPsspg;gjw;F> jpizf;fsj; jiytUf;F KbAk;. 24:9 kPsspg;G nra;ag;gLtJ> nghjpfisf;fl;Ljy;> kw;Wk; nfhz;L nry;Yjypy; $wg;gl;l nryTfSf;F khj;jpuNkahFk;. mjw;F Nkyjpfkhf> gazg; nghjpfSk; jsghlq;fSk; fl;lg;gl;Nlh my;yJ ngau;rr ; p epiyapNyh ,Ug;gpd;> cj;jpNahfj;jUf;Fk; mtu; FLk;gj;Jf;Fk;> 2 ehl;fSf;F Nkw;glhj fhyj;jpw;F ,ize;jgbia mjw;F Nkyjpfkhf toq;f KbAk;. 24:10 cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; Ntz;LNfhspd; kPJ my;yJ xOf;fhw;W eltbf;if fhuzkhf ,lkhw;wk; gpd;Nghlg;gLkplj;J my;yJ ePff ; g;gLkplj;J> 24:8> 24:9 Mk; cl;gpupTfspd; fPohd kPsspg;Gf;fs; nrYj;jg;gl KbahJ. 24:11 FWfpa fhy mwptpj;jYld; $ba ,lkhw;Wnkhd;iw toq;fy; my;yJ> gpd;Nghly; my;yJ ePff ; y; vd;gd njhlu;gpy; murhq;fj;jpw;F Vw;glf; $ba Nkyjpf nrytpdj;ij mt;tplkhw;wj;ijf; fl;lisapLk;> ePfF ; k; my;yJ gpd;NghLk; mjpfhup fUj;jpw; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. mj;jpahtrpa re;ju;gg ; q;fspy; jtpu ,lkhw;wq;fs; FWfpa mwptpj;jYld; fl;lisaplg;glNth> ePff ; g;glNth my;yJ gpd;Nghlg;glNth khl;lhJ vd;gijAk; mtu; cWjp nra;J nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. 24:12 FWfpa fhy mwptpj;jYld; $ba ,lkhw;wk;> ePff ; y; my;yJ gpw;Nghly;; fl;lis jtpu;ff ; KbahnjdTk;> mJ mj;jpahtrpa #o;epiyapy; ,lk; ngw;wnjdTk; ,d;Nwy; mJ cl;gpupT 24:6 my;yJ 24:10 ,d; fPo; fzf;nfLf;fg;gLfpd;wnjdTk;; fhl;Lfpd;w> jpizf;fsj; jiythpd; rhd;wpjio mt;tplkhw;wy;> ePff ; y; my;yJ gpw;N ; ghly; fl;lisia nfhz;bUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. mj;Jld;> cl;gpupTfs; 24:8 my;yJ 24:9 d; fPOs;s nryTfs; nrYj;jg;glf; $baitahntd mf;fl;lisapy;; Fwpg;gplg;gl;bUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 24:13 FWfpa fhy mwptpj;jYld; $bajhf ,lkhw;wk; nra;a my;yJ ,lkhw;wj;ij gpw;Nghl my;yJ ePff ; Ntz;b te;jik Xu; cj;jpNahfj;jhpd;; jtwpdhy; my;yJ ftdkpd;ikapdhy; tpise;jnjdpd;> mjd; ngWNgwhf murhq;fj;Jf;F Vw;gl;l kpifr; nryT mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jhplkpUe;J mwtplg;gLk;.

188

mj;jpahak; XIV

25. 25. Ju;elj;ij vd;Dk; VJtpd; kPjhd ,lkhw;wk;


Ju;e ; lj;ij vd;w VJtpd; kPJ cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUf;F ,lkhw;wk; fl;lisaplg;gLkplj;J> epiyakhw;wj;jpd; NghJ mtUf;F Vw;gl;l ve;jnthU nrytpidAk; kPsg;ngWtjw;F mtu; cupj;Jilatuy;yH. mj;jifa nryTfs; murhq;fj;jpdhy; nrYj;jg;gLfpd;wdth ,y;iyah vd;gJ gw;wpa jfty;fs;> fzf;fha;thsu; mjpgjpf;F mDg;gg;gLfpd;w khw;wQ; rhu; khjhe;j tptuj; jpul;by; cs;slf;fg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;.

26. 26. Mizf;FOf;fs;> kw;Wk; tpNrl FOf;fspd; cWg;gpdu;fs;


26:1 Gifapujk; %ykhd gpuahzk; ; - cWg;gpdu;fs; Gifapujk; %yk; gpuahzk: gpuahzQ; nra;a tpUk;Gkplj;J my;yJ gpupT 5 d;; fPo; mt;thW nra;AkhW mtH Njitg;gLj;jg;gLkplj;J> jdf;F Kjy; tFg;Gg; Gifapuj Mizr;rl P i ; lAk;> mtuJ Nkhl;lhu; tz;bia vLj;Jr; nry;Ytjw;fhd Mizr;rl P n ; lhd;iwAk; ngWtjw;F cupj;Jilatuhthu;. 26:2 Nkhl;lhh; fhu; %ykhd gpuahzk; ; - Cjpak; ngwh epiyapy;; Nrit gpuahzk: nra;fpd;w Xu; cWg;gpdu; 5k; gpuptpd; Vw;ghLfSf;F cl;glf;$batuy;yh;. mtUf;F jdJ tjptplj;jpypUe;J $l;l mku;tplj;jpw;F Nkhl;lhh; fhu; %yk; nrd;W tUfpd;w gpuahzj;jpw;F cl;gpupT 8:2,d; fPo; vLj;Jf;fhl;lg;gl;Ls;s chpa fl;lzg;gb> KO msT iky;$yp nrYj;jg;gl KbAk;. ,ize;jgb nrYj;jg;gl KbahjJk;> nrYj;jg;gLfpd;w fhhpd; iky;$yp 5 &ghtpYq; Fiwthf ,Uf;Fkplj;J> mtu; rKfkspf;fpd;w xt;Nthh; mku;Tf;Fk; Mff; Fiwe;jJ 5 &gh nrYj;jg;gLk;. 26:2:1 Cjpak; ngWfpd;w cWg;gpdu; xUtUf;F 5 Mk; gphptpd; Vw;ghLfs; Vw;Gilj;jhFk;. mth; iky;$ypf;F cupj;JilatuhapUf;Fkplj;J> Nkhl;lhh; fhu; %yk; Nkw;nfhs;fpd;w gazj;Jf;F 8:2Mk; cl;gpuptpw;fpzq;f Nkhl;lhh; thfd iky;$yp mtUf;Fr; nrYj;jg;gLk;. gazj; J}uk; 130 iky;fSf;F Nkw;gl;ljhd fhuzj;jpdhy;; 6:5 Mk; cl;gpuptpd; fPo; mth; iky;$ypf;F cupj;jw;wtuhFk; NghJ mtUf;F mjw;Fg;gjpyhf mg;gazj;jpd; NghJ cwg;gl;bUf;ff;$bajhd Kjyhk; tFg;Gg; Gifapujf; fl;lzk; nrYj;jg;glyhk; (cwq;fy; Mrdq;fspd; nryTj; njhif jtpu;jJ ; ). 26:3 Cjpak; ngwh cWg;gpdUf;F czTf;fhd ciwafj;Jf;fhd kPsspg;G Cjpak; ngwh cWg;gpdUf;F cz;ikapy; mtH nrYj;jpa cztf ciwaf nfhLg;gdTfSf;fhd gw;Wr;rl P i ; lf; fhz;gpf;Fkplj;J> mtUf;F mr; nrytpdk;; kPsspf;fg;gLk. ,d;Nwy; mtu; tpUk;Gkplj;J cl;gpupTfs; 4:5> 4:6 ,d; epajpfspy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sthW ,ize;jgb nrYj;jg;glyhk;. Mz;nlhd;Wf;F 30>401 &ghTf;F Nkw;gl;l rk;gsk; ngWNthUf;F Vw;Gilajhd cl;gpupT 4:6,y; cs;s mNj njhif ,jw;Fk; Vw;GilajhFk;. 26:3:1 Cjpak; ngWfpd;w Nkw;Fwpj;j cl;gpupTfSf;Fk; fl;lz khj;jpuNkahFk;. cWg;gpdu; msTf;Fk; xUtUf;F chpj;jhtJ mikthd ,ize;j gb

26:4 Mizf;FOnthd;wpd; my;yJ FOnthd;wpd; cWg;gpduhfTs;s Xh; murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jUf;Fk; mj;jifa Mizf;FOit my;yJ FOit mikj;Jr; nry;Yk; nrayhsUf;Fk; mNj mbg;gilapy; gpuahzr; nryTfSk; ,ize;j gbfSk; nrYj;jg;gLk;. 26:5 Mizf;FOnthd;iw mioj;Jr; nry;yhjtplj;J> nrayhsUf;F cl;gpupT 1 Kjy; 11 tiuapyhd epajpfspd; gbNa nfhLg;gdTfs; nrYj;jg;gLk;.

189

mj;jpahak; XIV

27. 27. gpuahzr; nryTfis vjpu;nfhs; fhs;tjw;fhd Kw;gzq;fs;:


27:1 mjpfhuk; mjpfhuk: gpuahzr; nryTfis vjpu;nfhs;tjw;fhf Kw;gzq;fis toq;Ftjw;fhf tUlhe;jr; nryT kjpg;gl P b ; D}lhf> epjp kw;Wk; jpl;lkply; mikr;rpdhy; milahs epjp xJf;fL P fs; toq;fg;gLfpd;wd. ,t;nthJf;fl P b ; d; fPo; Kw;gzq;fis toq;Ftjw;F> xt;nthU epjpahz;bd; njhlf;fj;jpYk; epjp kw;Wk; jpl;lkply; mikr;rpdhy; tpepNahfpf;fg;gLfpd;w Rw;wwpf;ifnahd;wpD}lhf %yk; jpizf;fsj; jiytnuhUtUf;F mjpfhuk; mspf;fg;gLk;. 27:2 Kw;gzk; vd;gJ cj;jpNahfj;jUf;Fj; jdpgg ; l;l Kiwapy; toq;fg;gl;l xd;whff; fUjg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. mk;Kw;gzj;njhif mtuhy; KOikahf <L nra;ag;gly; Ntz;Lk;. nghJthf mJ <Lnra;ag;gl Ntz;baJ vg;gpuahzk; njhlu;gpy; Kw;gzk; ngwg;gl;lNjh mg;gpuahzf; Nfhupf;if rku;gg ; pf;fg;gLk; NghNjahFk;. 27:3 ,t;tpjpfspd; fPo; gpuahzr; nryT ngWtjw;F cupj;Jilatuhd cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtUf;F khj;jpuNk ,k;Kw;gzk; nrYj;jg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. 27:3:1 gazk; njhlq;fTs;s jpdj;jpw;F Kw;gzk; nrYj;jg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. 27:3:2 mk;Kw;gzk; Nkw;glyhfhJ. gazj;jpy; Ke;jpa Ntiy ehspNyNa

Vw;glf;$ba

nrytpd;

Kf;fhy;thrpf;F

27:3:3 ,lkhw;wnkhd;wpw;fhshfpAs;s Xh; cj;jpNahfj;jh; jdJ FLk;gj;jpdh;fis xU epiyaj;jpypUe;J ,d;ndhU epiyaj;Jf;Ff; nfhz;L nry;tjw;F Kw;gzk; xd;wpidg; ngw;Ws;s NghJ mjidg; ngw;W xU khj fhyj;jpw;Fs; FLk;gj;jpdiug; Gjpa ,lj;jpwF ; f; nfhz;L nry;yy; Ntz;Lk;. mt;thW nra;aj;jtwpd; xUkhjk; fle;jjd; gpd;dH mg;gzj;ij KOikahfj; jpUg;gpr; nrYj;Jjy; Ntz;Lk;. ,lkhw;wj;Jf;nfdf; Fwpj;njhJf;fg;gl;Ls;s jpfjpapypUe;J 10 ehl;fSf;F Kd;djhFk; Kw;gzk; toq;fg;glyhfhJ. 27:4 gjpTfS ; ,k;Kw;gzq;fis toq;Fk; nghWg;Gila gjpTfSk; fSk; mwtPLfSk fSk: cj;jpNahfj;jh;> ; toq;fpa Kw;gzq;fs;> mwtpl;l njhiffs; kw;Wk;> Vida Vw;Gila tpguq;fs; vd;gtw;Wld; Nghjpag; gjpTfisg; Ngzptuy; Ntz;Lk;. nrYj;jg;gl;l Kw;gzj;njhiff;Fhpa gpuahzk; njhlu;gpyhd gpuahzf; Nfhupf;if rku;g;gpf;fg;gLk;NghJ Kw;gzf; nfhLg;gdT KOikahf mwtplg;gLtij mtu; cWjp nra;J nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. 27:5 Kw;gzj;ijg; ngw;W xU khj fhyj;jpw;Fs; chpa gpuahzk; Nkw;nfhs;sg;glhkYk;> gpuahzf; Nfhupf;if rku;gg ; pf;fg;glhkYk; ,Uf;Fkplj;J cj;jpNahfj;jhpd;; rk;gsj;jpypUe;J Kw;gzk; xNu Kiwapy; mwtplg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. jtizKiwapy; mwtPL nra;ag;gl mDkjpf;fg;gl khl;lhJ. 27:6 tpjptpyf;fhd re;ju;gg ; q;fspy; jpizf;fsj; jiytu; jdpg;gl;l Kiwapy; Kw;gzj;ij jpUg;gpr; nrYj;Jtjw;fhd jtizf; fhyj;ij ePbf;fyhk;. Mdhy; vr;re;ju;gg ; j;jpYk;> Kw;gzk; toq;fg;gl;l ehs; Kjy; %d;W khjq;fSf;F Nkw;gl;l fhyj;Jf;F me;eb P g;G mDkjpf;fg;gLjyhfhJ. 27:7 mt;thW ePbf;fg;gl;l fhy vy;iyf;Fs; Kw;gzj;ijj; jpUg;gpr; nrYj;jj; jtwpd; Kw;gzj;ij mwtpLtjw;fhf Nkw;nfhs;sg;glf;$ba VNjDk; eltbf;iff;F Nkyjpfkhf cj;jpNahfj;jh; xOf;fhw;W eltbf;iff;Fk; Mshjy; Ntz;Lk;. 27:8 Ke;jpa Kw;gzk; VjhtJ nrYj;jg;glhjpUf;Fkplj;J> cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUf;F kPzL ; k; Kw;gzk; toq;fg;gLjyhfhJ. vitNaDk; tpNrl fhuzq;fSf;fhf ,t;tpjpapidj; jsu;jj ; Ntz;b NeUkplj;J jpizf;fsj; jiytupd; jdpg;gl;l mq;ff P huk; ngwg;gly; Ntz;Lk;.
190

mj;jpahak; XIV

27:9 nrayhsu; khjhe;j $w;Wf;fisj; jUtpjJ ; > %d;W khjq;fSf;F Nky; Kw;gzNkJk; epYitapypy;iy vd;gij cWjpg;gLj;jpf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. khjhe;j $w;W gpd;tUk; gbtj;jpy; jahhpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;:mYtyupd; Kw;gzk; zk; Kw;gzj; ngaUk; nfhLg;gdT njhif gjtpg; nra;ag;gl;l ngaUk; jpfjp vg;gpuahzk; njhlu;gpy; Kw;gzk; toq;fg; gl;lJ Kw;gzj;ij jpUg;gpr; nrYj;Jtjpy; cs;s jhkjj;jpw;fhd fhuzKk; tpiuthf nfhLj; nfhLj;Jj; jPuf ; f ; g;gLtjw;F vLf;fg;glNtz;ba cj;Njr eltbf;iffSk;

28. 28. gpuahzr; nrytpd; Nfhupf;ifg; gbtq;fs;


28:1 gbtk;: vy;yhg; gpuahzq;fSf;fhfTk; gad;gLj;jg;gl Ntz;ba gbtq;fs; gpd;tUkhwhjy; Ntz;Lk;:epiyakhw;wk; khw;wg;gl;l gb epu;zapf;fg;gl;l Nghf;Ftuj;J gb Vida midj;J gpuahzr; nryTf;; Nfhup;fi ; ffSk; : : : : nghJ nghJ nghJ nghJ 178 161 35 (jpUj;jpa rhd;wpjOld;) 177

28:2 mj;jhl;rpg;gLj; gLj;jy;:xU jpizf;fsj;jpd; jiytu; epu;zapf;fg;gl;l Nghf;Ftuj;Jg;gb> khw;wg;gl;lgb cs;spl;l midj;J gpuahzr; nryTf; Nfhupf;iffisAk; guPlr ; pj;J mj;jhl;rpg;gLj;Jk; mjpfhuj;jpid jdJ jpizf;fsj;jpd; cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUf;Nfh my;yJ gyUf;Nfh ifaspf;fyhk;. Nghjpa rpNul;l epiyapYs;s NtW cj;jpNahfj;jh; ,y;yhjtplj;J> jpizf;fsj; jiytu; jdJ Nfhupf;ifiaj; jhNd cWjpgg ; Lj;jpf; nfhs;syhk;. 28:3 nrk;ikj; jd;ikf;Fupa nghWg;G::- Nfhupf;ifg; gbtnkhd;wpd; nrk;ikj; jd;ikf;fhd nghWg;Gf;F Kjypy; flg;ghLilatH Nfhupf;if nra;Ak; cj;jpNahfj;jNu MthH@ Mdhy; mNj msT nghWg;G jpizf;fsj; jiytiuAk; Nfhupf;ifia mj;jhl;rpg;gLj;Jk; cj;jpNahfj;jiuAk; rhUk;. 28:4 ve;jnthU gpuahzr; nryTf; Nfhupf;ifAk; fzf;fha;thshpd; kpifawtPlL ; f;Fl;gl;ljhFk;. Nfhupf;ifapd; VNjDk; ghfk; mDkjpf;fg;glhtpbd; cWjpr; rPlL ; rptg;G epw ikapdhy; jpUj;jpaikf;fg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. mDkjpf;fg;glhikf;nfjpuhf nrayhsUf;F Nkd;KiwaPL nra;ag;glyhk;. mtu; Nfhupf;ifia my;yJ mjd; ghfj;ij mDkjpf;fNth@ my;yJ NkYk; xU ghfj;ij mDkjpf;fhky; tplNth KbAk;. 28:5 gpuahzf; Nfhupf;ifia rhd;WWjpg;gLj;Jk; cj;jpNahfj;jUf;Nfh jpizf;fsj; jiytUf;Nfh my;yJ cj;j ; pNahfj;jh; flikahw;Wfpd;w mYtyff; fpisapd; jiytUf;Nfh gazk; Kbtile;J 30 ehl;fSf;Fs; gazf; Nfhupf;if rku;g;gpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;.
191

mj;jpahak; XIV

28:5:1 toikahf fzprkhd msTf;F gpuahzk; nra;a Ntz;ba Xu; cj;jpNahfj;jh; xU Fwpg;gpl;l khjj;jpw;fhd jdJ Nfhupf;ifia mk;khjj;jpy; gpuahzk; nra;j filrpj; jpfjpapypUe;J 30 ehl;fSf;Fs; rku;g;gpf;fyhk;. mj;Jld; mj;jifa re;ju;gg ; j;jpy; nfhLg;gditj; jz;l mwtPL VJkpd;wp toq;Fjy; Ntz;Lk;. ,j;jtizf; fhyj;jpw;F gpd;du; rku;gg ; pf;fg;gLfpd;w Nfhupf;if fhyk; fle;j xd;whff; fUjg;gLk;. 28:5:2 jpizf;fsj; jiytuplNkh my;yJ fpis mYtyfj; jiytuplNkh rku;g;gpf;fg;gLfpd;w jpdj;jd;W Nfhupf;if kPJ jpizf;fsj;jpd; jpfjp Kj;jpiu nghwpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 28:6 MapDk; cl;gpupT 25:5 ,d; rku;g;gpf;fg;glhj Nfhupf;if ep.gp. 115f;F nrYj;jg;gLk;. fhytjpahd fhyk; 1 2 3 3 khjj;jpw;F khjj;jpw;F khjj;jpw;F khjj;jpw;F Nkw;glhj NghJ Nkw;glhj NghJ Nkw;glhj NghJ Nkw;gl;l NghJ fPo; mDkjpf;fg;gl;l mikthfg; gpd;tUk; fhyj;jpw;Fs; fopTfSld;

fopT tPjk; KOf;Nfhupf;ifapd; KOf;Nfhupf;ifapd; KOf;Nfhupf;ifapd; KOf;Nfhupf;ifapd; 3% 10% 12% 15%

28:6:1 Nfhupf;if %d;W khjj;Jf;F Nky; fhyq;fle;jjhapUg;gpd;> jpizf;fsj; jiytupd; jdpg;gl;l mq;ff P hukpd;wp mjd; nfhLg;gdT nrYj;jg;gLjyhfhJ. 28:6:2 Fwpj;Jiuf;fg;gl;Ls;s fhy vy;iyf;Fs; Nfhupf;if rku;g;gpf;fg;glj; jtwpaik> cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; fl;Lg;ghl;Lf;fg;ghw;gl;l #o;epiyfspdhy; Vw;gl;lNjhL kl;Lkd;wp gpd;du; fpl;ba Kjy; tha;g;gpd; NghNj mf;Nfhupf;if rku;g;gpf;fg;gl;LkpUf;Fkplj;J> vt;tpjf; fopTkpd;wp Nfhupf;iff;Fupa nfhLg;gdit toq;f jpizf;fsj; jiytu; mjpfhukspf;fyhk;. 28:7 epjpahz;bd; ,Wjpapy; Nfhupf;iffs; epjpahz;bd; ,Wjp khjj;jpy; ffs: nra;j gpuahzk; njhlu;gpyhd xU Nfhupf;if rhj;jpakhdtplj;J epjpahz;L KbtilaKd;du; nfhLg;gdTf;fhf mDkjpf;fg;gl Neufhyj;Jld; rku;gg ; pf;fg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;.

29. 29. Fwpj;j rpy tifahd cj;jpNahfG+h;t gpuahzq;fs;


29:1 murhq;f Nritapy; Kjy; epakdk; Vw;fg; gpuahzk; nra;fpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jh; jdf;Fk;> jk; FLk;gj;jtUf;Fk; Ntiiyahl;fSf;Fk; tPlL ; j; jsghlq;fSf;Fk; gazg; nghjpfSf;Fk; (irf;fps; cl;gl) thfdq;fSf;Fk; ,yq;ifapYs;s mtuJ ,y;yj;jpypUe;J mtu; Kjy; epakdk; ngWkplj;Jf;Fr; nry;tjw;fhf ,t;tj;jpahaj;jpYs;s tpjpfSf;fpzq;f ,ytr Nghf;Ftuj;Jf;F cupj;Jilatuhthu;. ,g;gazk; njhlu;gpy; ,ize;j gbf;Nfh my;yJ gazg; nghjpaplYf;Nfh my;yJ ,ilepfo;Tr;nryTf;Nfh cupj;Jilatuhfkhl;lhh;.. 29:2 jPTf;F ntspNa yPtpy; ,Ue;J jpUk;Gjy; jy: miur; rk;gs yPtpypUe;Njh khw;wg;gl;l miur;rk;gs yPtpypUe;Njh jhd; yPtpw; nrd;wNghJ ,Ue;j mNj epiyaj;jpw;Fj; jpUk;gp tUfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jh;; xUtu;> jhd; te;J Nru;ej ; JiwKfj;jpypUe;J jdJ Nrit epiyaj;Jf;Fr; nry;tjw;Fj; jdf;Fk; jdJ FLk;gj;jth;fSf;Fk;; thfdKl;glg; gazg; nghjpfSf;Fk;> ,t;tj;jpahaj;jpd; tpjpfspd; epajpfspd;gb ,ytr Nghf;Ftuj;ijf; Nfhuyhk;. 29:2:1 Xa;T yPtpy; ,Ue;j gpd;du;> jhd; yPtpw; nrd;w NghJ ,Ue;j mNj epiyaj;jpw;Fj; jpUk;Gfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jh; jhd; te;J Nru;ej ;
192

mj;jpahak; XIV

JiwKfj;jpypUe;J me;epiyaj;jpw;F ,ytrg; Nghf;Ftuj;J gazQ;rhu; nryTfisNah kPsspg;igNah NfhutpayhJ.

trjpiaNah>

29:2:2 jhd; Ghpfpd;w Nrit epiyaj;jpypUe;J Xa;T yPtpNyh miur;rk;gs yPtpNyh my;yJ khw;wg;gl;l miur;rk;gs yPtpNyh nrd;wpUe;j Nrit epiyaky;yhj NtnwhU epiyaj;Jf;F kPzL ; k; tUfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUf;F jdf;Fk;> jdJ FLk;gj;Jf;Fk;> gazg; nghjpfSf;Fk; jhk; te;jpwq;fpa JiwKfj;jpypUe;J Gjpa Nrit epiyaj;jpw;Fr; nry;tjw;F ,ytrg; Nghf;Ftuj;J trjpiaf; Nfhuyhk;. Gjpa Nrit epiyaj;Jf;Ff; nfhz;L nry;yg;gLk; gazg; nghjpapd; nkhj;j vil 22Mk; gpuptpd;fo P ; mDkjpf;fg;gLfpd;w msTf;F Nkw;glhjtplj;J> gioa Nrit epiyaj;jpypUe;J Gjpa Nrit epiyaj;Jf;Fg; gazg; nghjpfisAk; thfdj;ijAk; ,ytrkhff; nfhz;L nry;tjw;Fk; cupj;Jilatuhthu;. 29:2:3 yPtpypUe;J jpUk;Gfpd;w vt;Tj;jpNahfj;jUf;Fk; ,ize;jgbiaNah> my;yJ nghjpaplYf;fhd nryitNah my;yJ ,ilepfo;Tr; nryTfisNah NfhUtjw;F cupj;Jf; fpilahJ. 29:3 ,isg;ghWk; NghJ gpuahzr; nryTfs; nryTfs: xOf;fhw;Wf; fhuzj;jpd; kPjhd fl;lha ,isg;ghWiff; fhuzkhftd;wp Xa;T ngw Ntz;ba taJ G+h;jj ; paile;jikahNyh my;yJ RfaPdk; fhuzkhfNth my;yJ gjtp ,y;yhnjhopf;fg;gl;lik fhuzkhfNth mtu; ,isg;ghWkplj;J> jdf;Fk;; jdJ FLk;gj;Jf;Fk;> Ntiyahl;fSf;Fk;> tPlL ; j; jsghlq;fSf;Fk;> gazg; nghjpfSf;Fk; (irf;fps; cl;gl) ,yq;ifapYs;s mtUila ,y;yk; tiuahd Nghf;Ftuj;Jr; nryTg; gbfs; ,t;nthOq;Ftpjpfspd; fPo; mDkjpf;fg;glyhk;. Mdhy; ,j;jifa re;jh;g;gq;fspy; ,ize;j gbfs; nrYj;jg;gl khl;lh. 29:3:1 cj;jpNahfj;jH xUth; jhd; ,isg;ghWfpd;w ehs; Kjy; xU khjj;jpw;Fs; ,r;r ; Yifiag; gad;gLj;Jjy; Ntz;Lk;. Mdhy; tpNrl re;ju;gg ; q;fspy; mYtyuJ tpz;zg;gj;jpd; Ngupy; jpizf;fsj; jiytu; ,f;fhy vy;iyia epahakhd ve;jnthU fhyvy;iy tiuAk; ePbf;fr; nra;ayhk;. 29:4 NritapypUf;Fk; NghJ ,wf;Fk; cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUthpd; ifk;ngz; ; gz: NritapypUf;Fk; NghNj ,wf;Fk; cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtupd; ifk;ngz;Zf;F> gpupT 29:3,y; cs;s rYiffs; toq;fg;gl KbAk;. 29:5 jpizf;fsg; fsg; guPli ; rnahd;wpw;Fj; Njhw;Wk; cj;jpNahfj;jh;fs; s: nfhOk;gpy; my;yJ NtNwNjDk; epiyankhd;wpy; jpizf;fsg; guPli ; rnahd;wpw;Fj; Njhw;Wk; cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtUf;F mtu; KOg; guPli ; rapYk; rpj;jpaile;Js;shnud;gjw;fhd jpUg;jpfukhd vz;gpg;ig rkh;g;gpg;ghuhapd; vNjDnkhU guPli ; r njhlu;gpy; xUKiw khj;jpuk; gpuahzr; nryTfisg; ngWtjw;F mth; cupj;Jilatuhthu;. 29:5:1 ,t;thW nfhLg;gdT nra;aKbe;j gpuahzr; nryTfspy; nghJ thfdnkhd;Wf;F cz;ikapy; nfhLg;gdT nra;ag;;gl;l fl;lzKk; gazj;jpd; xU ghfk; nghJthfdj;jpy; nry;y KbahjpUg;gpd; mg;ghfj;Jf;fhf ,r;rl;l tpjpfspy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sthwhd iky;$ypAk; ,r;rl;lj;jpd; fPo; nfhLg;gdT nra;a Kbe;j ,ize;j gbAk; cs;slq;Fk;. 29:5:2 Gifapuj Nrit trjpfspUg;gpd; Gifapujk; cgNahfg;gLj;jg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. ,e;Nehf;fj;Jf;fhf mtUf;Fg; Gifapuj Mizr;rPlL ; toq;fg;glyhfhJ. Mdhy; mtu; jdJ nrhe;j fl;lzj;ijr; nrYj;jpr; nry;Yjy; Ntz;Lk;. mtu; guPli ; rapy; rpj;jpngWkplj;J my;yJ Nkw;Fwpg;gL P nra;ag;gl;l rhd;wpjo; rku;g;gpf;fg;gLkplj;J mf;fl;lzk; kPsspf;fg;gLk;. 29:5:3 cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUth; cz;ikapy; Gifapujk; %yk; gpuahzQ; nra;jpUe;jhyd;wp> Gifapujg; gpuahzf; fl;lzk; kPsspf;fg;gLjyhfhJ.
193

mj;jpahak; XIV

29:5:4 rfy gpuahzr; nryTf; Nfhupf;iffSk; guPli ; r mwptpf;fg;gl;L Kg;gJ ehl;fSf;Fs; Kd;itf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 29:5:5 ,t;nthOq;Ftpjpfs;> ,ytrg; Nghf;Ftuj;J nryNth kPsspg;G nra;ag;glhj VNjDk; tifahd Vw;GilajhfhJ.

KbTfs;

trjpNah gpuahzr; Nghl;bg; guPli ; rf;F

29:6 ePjpkd;wj;jpdhy; rhl;rpahsh; xUtuhf miof;fg;gLfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUth; - Fw;wtpay; tof;nfhd;wpy;> my;yJ murhq;fk; xU jug;ghfTk;> jhd; murhq;fj;jpd; rhh;gpy; xU rhl;rpahsuhfTKs;s> rptpy; tof;nfhd;wpy; my;yJ murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtnud;w tifapy; jdf;Fj; njhpe;J nfhs;sf; fpilj;j tplaq;fs; my;yJ jhd; nra;a Ntz;b te;j eltbf;iffs; vd;gd njhlh;ghf rhl;rpakspf;f miof;fg;gLfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtUf;F ,r;rl;l tpjpfSf;fika gpuahzr; nrytpdq;fs; nrYj;jg;gLk;. ,jw;Fg; Gwk;ghd epiyikfspd; fPo; miof;fg;gLfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtUf;F> mth; murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtnud;w xNu fhuzj;jpw;fhf ,j;jhgd tpjpf; Nfhitapd; Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; fPo; nrYj;jg;gl Kbe;j gbfs; jtph;ej ; Ntnwe;jg; gbiaAk; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;fhd chpjJ ; f; fpilahJ. 29:6:1 xU khtl;l ePjpgjp my;yJ ePjthd; jhd; murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtUf;F toq;Ffpd;w tUifr; rhd;wpjo;fspy; mtu; ePjpkd;wj;jpypUe;J tpLtpf;fg; ngw;w Neuj;ijf; Fwpg;gpLjy; Ntz;Lk;. 29:7 xOf;fhw;W tprhuizf; miof;fg;gLfpd;w Xh; cj;jpNahfj;jh; tprhuizf;F xOf;fhw;W tprhuizapy; Njhw;WkhW miog;ghiz ngw;w my;yJ mj;jifa tprhuizAld; njhlu;Ggl;l Mtzq;fisg; ghhprPypg;gjw;F mDkjpf;fg;gl;l Fw;wk;rhl;lg;gl;l cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F jdf;nfjpuhf vOg;gg;gl;Ls;s Fw;wr; rhl;Lf;fs; njhlu;gpy; Fw;wthspahFkplj;J ,t;nthOq;Ftpjpfspd; fPohd ve;jnthU nryitAk; Nfhu cupj;Jf; fpilahJ. MapDk; jdJ epiyaj;jpypUe;J tprhuiz elj;jg;gLkplj;Jf;F my;yJ Mtzq;fs; guprPypf;fg;gLkplj;Jf;F gpuahzQ; nra;a ,ytrg; Gifapuj Mizr;rl P L ; mtUf;F toq;fg;gl KbAk;. tprhuizapd; gpd;dH mtu; Fw;wr;rhl;Lf;fspypUe;J tpLjiyg; ngw;why;> cj;jpNahfj;jH ,t;tpjpfSf;fpzq;f jdJ nryTfSf;fhd kPsspg;igf; Nfhuyhk;. 29:8 xOf;fhw;W tprhuizfspd; NghJ ,d;Ndhh; cj;jpNahfj;jiug; gpujpepjpj;Jtg;gLj;Jk; cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtH - xOf;fhw;W tprhuizapd; NghJ ,d;ndhUtiug; gpujpepjpg;gLj;Jtjw;fhf mDkjpf;fg;gLfpd;w murhq;f NritapypUf;fpd;w Xu; cj;jpNahfj;jh; my;yJ murhq;f NritapypUe;J Xa;T ngw;w Xu; cj;jpNahfj;jh; ,t;tpjpfSf;fpzq;f flik Gifapuj Mizr;rl P L ; fisAk; gpuahzr; nryTfisAk; ngw cupj;Jilatuhthu;. Kiwahd tprhuiz eilngWtjw;F Kd;du; Mtzq;fisg; guprPypg;gjw;fhf Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;l gazq;fs; njhlu;gpYk; ,it Nghd;w rYiffis tprhuiz elj;Jk; mYtyu; jw;Wzpgpd;gb mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jUf;F toq;f KbAk;. 29:9 xOf;fhw;W tprhuizapd; NghJ rhl;rpahf miof;fg;gLk; cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUth; nuhUth; xOf;fhw;W tprhuizapd; NghJ murhq;f jug;Gf;Nfh my;yJ Fw;wk; rhl;lg;gl;l cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; jug;Gf;Nfh rhl;rpahf jpizf;fsj; jiytu; %yk; miog;ghiz tpLf;fg;gLk; Xh; cj;jpNahfj;jh; ,t;tpjpfSf;fpzq;f flikahizr; rPlL ; f;fisAk; gpuahzr; nryTfisAk; ngw cupj;Jilatuhthu;.

30. 30. murhq;f cj;jpNahfjh;fs; jtph;ej ; Vida Ml;fs;


Kiwahd mjpfhuj;jpd; fPo; miof;fg;gl;l tprhuiz Mizf;FOnthd;wpd; my;yJ rignahd;wpd; $l;lj; njhlnuhd;Wf;F my;yJ fUj;juq;nfhd;wpw;F> FOf; $l;lnkhd;wpw;F my;yJ jpizf;fs tprhuiznahd;wpw;F tUif jUkhNwh my;yJ ,q;F 26k; gpuptpdhy; Nktg;glhj VNjDnkhU flikia rk;gskpd;wp Mw;WkhNwh murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;juy;yhj egnuhUtH Njitg;gLj;jg;gLkplj;J ,f; Nfhitapd;
194

mj;jpahak; XIV

XMk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; fPohd chpa tpjpfSf;fpzq;f mtuJ gpuahzr; nryTfs; mtUf;F kPsspf;fg;gl KbAk;.

31. fs; 31. ghuhSkd;w cWg;gpdu;fs;


31:1 ghuhSkd;w cWg;gpdnuhUtUf;F> ghuhSkd;w mYty;fSf;fhf Gifapujj;jpy; gpuahzk;; nra;tjw;fhf rYifr; rPlL ; f;fisg; ngwTk; ghuhSkd;w nrayhsh; ehafj;jpdhy; jdf;F mwptpf;fg;gLfpd;w mwpTWj;jy;fSf;fika> mtuJ kidtpf;fhd Gifapuj Mizr; rPlL ; f;fisg; ngwTk; cupj;Jilatuhthu;. 31:2 mj;Jld; jdJ Nkhl;lhu; fhiu Gifapujj;jpy; Vw;wpr; nry;tjw;F Mizr;rl P L ; g; ngwNth my;yJ mjw;Fg; gjpyhf XIII Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; 2:4Mk; cl;gpuptpy; Vw;ghL nra;ag;gl;lthwhd gbiag; ngwNth cupj;Jilatuhthu;.

195

mj;jpahak;

XV

fw;if> if> gapw;rp my;yJ flikapd; epkpj; epkpj;jk; ntspehL nry;yy;


1. tiutpyf;f ; zk; 2. gapw;rp kw;Wk; fw;if epfo;rr ; pj; jpl;lq;fs; 3. jFjp 4. KOr;; rk;gsj;Jldhd fw;i ; f tpLKiwfs; ngw;Wf; nfhs;sg;gl;Ls;s re;jh;gg ; q;fspy; ifnahg;gkplg;gl Ntz;ba xg;g ; e;jKk; KwpAk; KwpAk; 5. rk;gskw;w fw;if tpLKiw ngw;Wf;nfhs; fhs;sg;gl;Ls;s re;jHg;gq;fspy; ifr;rhj;jpl Ntz;ba xg;g ; e;jk; 6. Gyikg; guprpy;> gapw;rpg; gbfs; gbfs; vd;gd 7. czTg;g ; b fhyf;nfLnthd;wpw;F 8. czTg;gb fhyf;nfLnthd;wpw;F xU xU khjj;jpw;F khjj;j ; pw;F Nkw;glhj Nkw;gl;l

9. ntg;gcilg cilg; gbfSk; gbfSk; Kw;gzq;fSk; 10. ; upd; mDkjp 10. rdhjpgjpapd;/ gpujk mikr; mikrr 11. 11. gpuahz tFg;G 12. 12. gpuahzk; gpuahzk; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl Ntz;ba Kiw 13. 13. Ntwhf mDg;gg;gLfpd;w nghUl;fisf; nfhz;L nry;yy; 14. 14. fhg;GWjp thd; top tpgj;Jf;fs; 15. 15. kUj;Jtg; gupNrhjid

196

mj;jpahak;

XV

fw;if> gapw;rp my;yJ flikapd; epkpj;jk; ntspehL nry;yy;


1. tiutpyf;fzk; ;fzk;

1:1 ,e;j mj;jpahaj;jpd; gzpfSf;fhf fw;if my;yJ gapw;rp vDk; thrfk; Gyikg;guprpy; xd;wpid> ,izTWg;Gg; Gyikg;guprpy; xd;wpid> fy;tpr; Rw;Wyhnthd;wpid> fz;fhzpg;G Rw;Wg; gaznkhd;wpid> gpuahzf;nfhilnahd;wpid> fUj;juq;nfhd;wpid my;yJ gapw;rpnahd;wpid mbg;gilahff; nfhz;l kw;Wk;/ my;yJ cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtupd; jifik> mwpT my;yJ mDgtk; vd;gtw;wpid mjpfupj;Jf; nfhs;tjw;fhd ve;jnthU nfhilapid cs;slf;Fk;. murhq;fj;jpd; rhHgpy; khehL xd;wpy; fye;J nfhs;tjw;fhf my;yJ murhq;fj;jpd; mYty;fis epiwNtw;wy;> xg;ge;jnkhd;wpy;> cld;gbf;ifnahd;wpy; ifr;rhj;jply; my;yJ nghUl;fisf; nfhs;tdT nra;jy; Nghd;w cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtupd; Neubf; flikapd; xU gFjpahd tplaq;fSf;fhf ntspehL xd;wpw;Fr; nry;Yk; gazk; ,jpy; mlq;fhJ. 1:2 fy;tp my;yJ gapw;rp eltbf;iffSf;fhf ntspehnlhd;wpw;Fr; nry;Yk; murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH mt;thW nra;tJ 1:2:1 jdJ nrhe;jr; nrytpy;> my;yJ murhq;fk; xd;wpd; my;yJ KftH epWtdnkhd;wpd;

1:2:2 ntspehl;L nrytpy;> my;yJ 1:2:3

,yq;if murhq;fj;jpd; nrytpyhFk;.

1:3 mt;thwhd midj;J re;jHg;gq;fspYk; tpLKiw toq;fy; njhlHghf tYtpypUg;git ,e;jj; jhgd tpjpf;Nfhitapd; XII Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; 14> 15 kw;Wk; 16 Mk; gphpTfshFk;. 1:4 ,jd; 4 Mk; kw;Wk; 5 Mk; gphpTfSf;fika xg;ge;jnkhd;wpy; kw;Wk;/ my;yJ Kwpnahd;wpy; ifr;rhj;jpLkhW mtUf;Ff; fl;lisaplg;gLk;. 1:5 fw;if my;yJ gapw;rpf;fhd gazk; xd;wpw;fhd nrytpdj;ij ntspehl;L murhq;fk; xd;W my;yJ mikg;nghd;W nghWg;Ngw;Fkplj;J gpd;tUk; Kiwikfspy; VNjDnkhd;wpid Fwpg;gpl;l cj;jpNahfj;jh; NjHe;njLf;f KbAk;. 1:5:1 ntWkNd murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jHSf;F khj;jpuk; tiuaWf;fg;glhJ> nghJkf;fspd; jftYf;fhfTk; ntspaplg;gLfpd;w tpsk;gunkhd;wpd; my;yJ mwptpj;jnyhd;wpd; %yk; tpz;zg;gg; gj;jpuq;fisf; NfhUjy;. 1:5:2 %yk; Gyikg; ghprpiy toq;Ffpd;w epWtdj;jpdhy; NjHe;njLf;fg;gLtjd;

1:5:3 ,yq;if murhq;fj;jpw;F Gyikg; guprpnyhd;whf my;yJ ed;nfhil xd;whf md;gspg;Gr; nra;ag;gLfpd;w fw;if> gapw;rp my;yJ Rw;Wg; gazj;jpw;fhf ,yq;if murhq;fj;jpdhy; murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jH xUth; ngauplg;gLtjd; %yk;>
197

mj;jpahak; XV

1:6 ,e;j mj;jpahaj;jpd; fPo; nfhLg;gdTfs; kw;Wk; gbfs; vd;gtw;wpidg; ngWtjw;F cupj;jpUg;gJ 1:2:3 my;yJ 1:5:3 Mk; cg gphpTfspd;; fPo; mlq;Fk; murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jHfSf;F khj;jpuNkahFk;.

2.

gapw;rp kw;Wk; fw;if epfo;rr ; pj; jpl;lq;fs;

2:1 ntspehl;Lg; gapw;rp epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lnkhd;W xUq;fpizg;Gr; nra;ag;gl Ntz;baJnkhd;W nrayhshpdhy; MFk;. nghJ epUthfk; kw;Wk; Kfhikj;Jtk; vd;gd njhlHghd gapw;rpnahd;W njhlHgpy; ,yq;if mgptpUj;jp epUthf epWtfj;jpd; epHthfrig nraw;gLtJld;> mJ nghJ epUthf mikr;rpd; nrayhshpdhy; xUq;fpizg;Gr; nra;ag;gLk;. 2:2 gapw;rp my;yJ fw;if tiffs; - gapw;rp my;yJ fw;if epfo;rr ; pj; jpl;lnkhd;W nghJthf gpd;tUk; tiffspy; xd;wpy; mlq;Fk; 2:2:1 ahNjDnkhU tpNrl mikr;nrhd;NwhL my;yJ jpizf;fsnkhd;NwhL khj;jpuk; rk;ge;jg;gl;l tpNrl Jiwfs;:- cjhuzkhf $l;LwT mgptpUj;jp> FbtuT eilKiwfs;> Rq;f eph;thfk; Nghd;wd. 2:2:2 mikr;Rf;fs; my;yJ jpizf;fsq;fs; xd;wpw;F Nkw;gl;ltw;Wf;fhd nghJj; Jiwfs;> cjhuzkhf nghJ epUthfk;> mgptpUj;jpg; nghUspay;> Kd;nkhopTj; jpl;lq;fisj; jahupj;jy; kw;Wk; kjpg;gL P nra;jy;> gzpahw;njhFjp Kfhikj;Jtk;> toq;fy; Kfhikj;Jtk; Nghd;wd. 2:3 epfo;rr ; pj; jpl;lq;fisj; isj; jahupj;jy; - jkJ gzpahw;nwhFjpapd; G+uz gapw;rp kw;Wk; njhopyr ; hH mgptpUj;jpj; Njitfis kjpg;gL P nra;J mt;thwhd gapw;rp epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lq;fisj; jahupj;jy; me;je;j mikr;rpd; kw;Wk; jpizf;fsj;jpd; nghWg;ghFk;. 2:3:1 ,q;F 2.2.1. Mk; cg gpuptpNy Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s tFjpiar; rhh;ej ; gapw;rp epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lq;fs; chpa mikr;rpdhy; epjp kw;Wk; jpl;lkply; mikr;rpd; ntspehl;L %y tsq;fs; gpupTld; ,ize;J jahupf;fg;gLk;. 2.2.2. Mk; cg gpuptpNy Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s tifapidr; NrHe;j gapw;rp epfo;rr ; pj; jpl;lq;fs; ,yq;if mgptpUj;jp eph;thf epWtfj;jpd; eph;thf rigapdhy; epjp kw;Wk; jpl;lkply; mikr;rpd; ntspehl;L %y tsq;fs; gpupTld; ,ize;J xOq;F nra;ag;gLk;. 2:3:2 me;je;j mikr;Rf;fs; ,q;F 2.2.2. Mk; cg gpuptpNy Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s Jiwfspy; jkJ gapw;rpj; Njitg;ghL vitnad;gij xt;Nthh; Mz;bYk; xf;NlhgH khjk; 31 Mk; jpfjpf;F Kd;dH 14 Mk; gpd;dpizg;gpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s khjpupg; gbtj;jpw;F Vw;g ,yq;if mgptpUj;jp eph;thf epWtfj;jpd; gzpg;ghsUf;F mDg;gpitj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. ,j;jfty;fs; mr;re;jHg;gj;jpy; cs;s ntspehl;L gapw;rp trjpfSld; xg;gplg;gl;L> gapw;rp ngw;Wf;nfhLf;fg;gl Ntz;ba cj;jpNahfj;jHfspd; gl;bay; xd;W Kd;Dupik mbg;gilapy; jahupf;fg;gl;L re;jHg;gj;jpw;Nfw;g mth;fs; ngah; Fwpf;fg;gLthh;fs;.
T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T

2:4 ahNjDnkhU tpNrl jpizf;fsj;Jld; rk;ge;jg;gl;l Jiw 2.2.1. Mk; cg gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s tpNrl JiwrhHe;j fw;if my;yJ gapw;rpapidg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;tjw;fhf cj;jpNahfj;jHfisj; NjHe;njLf;Fk; gzpahdJ> chpa mikr;rpdhy; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLk;. ,ize;j Nritiar; NrHe;j Xh; cj;jpNahfj;juhapd; mt;thW NjHe;njLf;Fk; gzpahdJ nghJ epUthf mikr;rpd; nrayhsupd; ,zf;fg;ghl;Lld; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLk;. 2:4:1 ,ize;j Nritnahd;wpd; cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH ahNjDnkhU mikr;rpdhy; NjHe;njLf;fg;gLkplj;J gapw;rpf; fhyg; gFjpahdJ nghJthf xU tUlj;jpw;F Nkw;glf; $lhJ. Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; njhopy;rhH ,ay;Gf;Fhpa
198

mj;jpahak; XV

mwpf;iffisg; guPl;rpj;Jg; ghh;jJ ; k; kw;Wk; nghJ epUthf mikr;rpd; nrayhsUld; fye;JiuahbAk;> mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jUf;Fg; gapw;rp toq;fg;gLtjw;F cj;Njrpf;fg;gLfpd;w tpNrl Jiwapy; %d;W tUlq;fSf;Ff; Fiwahj xU fhyg; gFjpf;F Nkw;gb gapw;rpapidg; G+Hj;jp nra;jjd; gpd;dH> nraw;glf; $ba epiyapy; mtH cs;sjhfTk; Fwpj;j mikr;R jpUg;jpailjy; Ntz;Lk;. mt;thwhd tpNrl JiwAld; njhlHGila gjtpnahd;wpy; my;yJ jpizf;fsk; xd;wpy; gzpahw;Wtjw;F ,zq;Ftjhf Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;juplkpUe;J vOj;J%y cWjpnkhop xd;wpidg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;sTk; Ntz;Lk;. mt;thW gapw;wg;gl;l midj;J cj;jpNahfj;jh; njhlh;ghfTk; tpguq;fisj; jpul;b itg;gjw;fhf ,yq;if mgptpUj;jp epHthf epWtfj;jpd; gzpg;ghsUf;F mJ gw;wpa jfty;fis mDg;gp itj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 2:5 jpizf;fsk; xd;wpw;F Nkw;gl;ltw;wpf;fhd nghJj; Jiwfs; 2.2.2. Mk; cg gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s tifiar; rhHe;j gapw;rp epfo;rr ; pj; jpl;lq;fis NjHe;njLf;Fk; gzp ,yq;if mgptpUj;jp eph;thf epWtfj;jpd; epHthf rigapdhy; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLk;. ,yq;if nghwpapay; Nrit kw;Wk; ,yq;if tpQ;Qhd Nrit cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH njhlHgpy;> nghwpapayhsH Nrit rigapd; gzpg;ghsH my;yJ tpQ;Qhd Nritfs; rigapd; nrayhsH Clhf tpz;zg;gq;fis rkHg;gpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.

3.

jifik

3:1 jdJ epakd epge;jidfspd; gpufhuk; njhopypy; epue;jukhf;fg;gLtjw;fhf ngw;Wf;nfhs;sg;gl Ntz;ba ahNjDnkhU gapw;rpapidg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;tjw;fhftd;wp> jFjpfhz; epiyapy; fhzg;gLfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtiu fw;if my;yJ gapw;rpf;fhf ntspehLfSf;F mDg;gf; $lhJ. 3:2 jw;fhypf mbg;gilapyhd cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtiu gapw;rp newpfSf;fhf ntspehLfSf;F mDg;gf; $lhJ. fw;if my;yJ

4. KOr;; rk;gsj;Jldhd fw;i ; f tpLKiwfs; ngw;Wf; nfhs;sg;gl;Ls;s re;jh;gg ; q;fspy; ifnahg;gkplg;gl Ntz;ba xg;g ; e;jKk; KwpAk; KwpAk;
4:1 fw;if my;yJ gapw;rpf;fhf xU khjj;jpw;F Nkw;gl;l fhyg; gFjpf;F (gazj;jpw;fhf vLf;Fk; fhyk; cl;gl) ntspehL xd;wpw;F mDg;gg;gLk;; murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH ehl;bypUe;J Gwg;gLtjw;F Kd;dH ,q;F ,jd; gpd;dH fl;lha Nritf; fhyk; vdf; Fwpg;gplg;gLfpd;w xg;ge;jj;jpy; fhzg;gLk; Mff; Fiwe;j Nritf; fhyj;jpw;F murhq;fj;jpy; gzpahw;Wtjhf Kwpnahd;wpy; ifr;rhj;jpLjy; Ntz;Lk;. 4:2 cj;jpNahfj;jH jFjpfhz; epiyapy; fhzg;gLthuhapd; xg;ge;jj;jpw;F Nkyjpfkhf Fwpjj ; cld;gbf;ifapd; epge;jidfis cupa Kiwapy; G+Hj;jp nra;tjhf gpizahsHfs; ,Uth; cs;spl;l Kwpnahd;wpid vOjp mjpy; ifr;rhj;jpLkhWk; mtUf;Fg; gzpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 4:3 cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH ehl;iltpl;L ntspNaWtjw;F Kd;dH Nkw;Fwpg;gpl;l gpiz kw;Wk; xg;ge;jj;jpy; ifr;rhj;jpLtjw;F eltbf;if vLf;f Ntz;ba nghWg;G Fwpj;j jpizf;fs jiytiur; rhUk;. ehl;il tpl;L ntspNAWtjw;F Kd;dH ,j;Njitfisg; G+Hj;jp nra;a Ntz;ba nghWg;G Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F ,y;iy vd;gJ ,jd; nghUsy;y. cj;jpNahfj;jH ehl;iltpl;L ntspNaWtjw;F Kd;dH Nkw;Fwpg;gpl;l cld;gbf;iffs; cs;spl;l Mtzq;fspy; ifr;rhj;jpl;buhj re;jHg;gj;jpy; mtiu kPs ehl;bw;F mioj;J mJ njhlHghf nra;ag;gLk; nrytpid mtuplkpUe;J mwtpl;Lf;nfhs;s KbAk;. 4:3:1 cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH ntspehL xd;wpw;F fw;iff;fhf my;yJ gapw;rpf;fhf nry;Yk; NghJ> mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jupdhy; G+Hj;jp nra;ag;gl Ntz;ba
199

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fl;lha Nritf; fhyj;jpid mthpd; taJ 55I vl;Ltjw;F Kd;dH G+Hj;jp nra;J nfhs;tjw;F Nghjpa fhy mtfhrk; fhzg;gLfpd;wnjd;gij cWjpg;gLj;jpf; nfhs;sy; jpizf;fsj; jiytupd; nghWg;ghFk;. 4:4 fl;lha Nritf;fhyf;nfL ,q;F gpd;tUkhW jPHkhdpf;fg;gly Ntz;Lk;;.-

gazj;jpw;fhf vLf;fpd;w Mff; Fiwe;j fhyk; cs;spl;l tpLKiwapy; cs;s fhykhdJ xUkhjk; my;yJ mjdpYk; Fiwthff; fhzg;glhjtplj;J fl;lha Nritf; fhyk; xd;W mtrpakpy;iy. xUkhjj;jpw;F Nkw;gl;l fhyj;jpw;fhd fl;lha Nritf; fhykhdJ tpLKiwf; fhyg; gFjpiag; Nghd;W ehd;F klq;fhf ,Uj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. fl;lha Nritf; fhykhdJ Mff; Fiwe;jJ xU tUlj;jpw;Fk; Mff; $baJ gj;J tUlj;jpw;Fk; tiuaWf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. fl;lha Nritf; fhykhdJ mz;kpj;j KOikahd xU khjj;jpw;F fzpg;gplg;gl Ntz;baNjhL> gazj;jpw;fhf vLf;fg;gLfpd;w Mff; Fiwe;j fhyj;ijAk; cs;slf;Fk; tifapy; tpLKiw fhyj;jpidf; fzpg;gply; Ntz;Lk;. cjhuzk; ; cjhuzk: cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F ehd;F khjq;fs; tpLKiw toq;fg;gl;Ls;sJld; mtH ehd;F ehl;fs; gazj;jpw;fhf nrytpLfpd;whH. fl;lha Nritf; fhykhdJ ehd;F khjq;fSk; ehd;F ehl;fSf;F mz;kpj;j khjj;jpw;F fzpg;gplg;gl;l ehd;F klq;fhFk;. mjhtJ gjpNdO (17) khjq;fshFk;. 4:5 cj;jpNahfj;jH Kwpnahd;wpy; kw;Wk;/my;yJ cld;gbf;ifnahd;wpy; ifr;rhj;jpLjy; Ntz;Lkh? ,y;iyah? vd;gJ njhlh;ghd re;Njfk; Vw;gLkplj;J mJ njhlh;ghf jhgdg; gzpg;ghsuplk; tprhupj;jy; NtzLk;. 4:6 fw;ifapd; my;yJ gapw;rpapd; nrytpdk; KOikahf my;yJ mjpy; xU gFjp ,yq;if murhq;fj;jpdhy; nghWg;Ngw;fg;gLkh my;yJ ntspehl;L murhq;f ; k; xd;wpdhy; my;yJ KftH epWtdk; xd;wpdhy; nghWg;Ngw;fg;gLkh vd;gjidf; ftdj;jpy; nfhs;shJ> midj;J re;jHg;gq;fspYk; Nkw;Fwpg;gpl;lthwhd xg;ge;jk; xd;iw kw;Wk;/ my;yJ Kwpnahd;iw vOjp mjpy; ifnahg;gj;jpidg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;tJ fl;lhakhdjhFk;. 4:7 xg;ge;jj;jpy; ahNjDnkhU epge;jid my;yJ epajpapid kPWk; gl;rj;jpy; my;yJ fl;lha Nritf; fhyj;jpid G+Hj;jpnra;aj; jtWk; gl;rj;jpy; gapw;rpf;fhf nrytplg;gLk; KOj; njhifapidAk; Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jh; kPsr;nrYj;j Ntz;Lnkd;w epge;jidAk; Fwpj;j xg;ge;jj;jpy; cs;slf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. gapw;rpf;fhf nrytplg;gLk; njhif vd;gJ gapw;rp njhlh;ghf nrytpl Ntz;b Vw;gl;l nrythf miktJld;> mjpy; gapw;rpf; fhyg; gFjpapDs; gapYeUf;F toq;fg;gLfpd;w rk;gsq;fs; kw;Wk; nfhLg;gdTfs;> gazj;jpw;fhf nrytplg;gLfpd;w njhif> gapw;rpf; fhyg; gFjpapy; gapYeUf;F ahNjDk; tpNrl nfhLg;gdnthd;W nrYj;jg;gLkhapd; mj;njhif> kUj;Jtr; nrytpdk;> gapYeH my;yJ mtH rhHghf fw;if kw;Wk; gapw;rpg; ghlnewpf;fhf nrytplg;gl;l njhif> Kw;gzk; my;yJ nfhLg;gdTfs; Mfpa nrYj;jg;gl;l midj;J njhiffSk; ,jpy; cs;slf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 4:8 Kwpnahd;wpNy gpizahsuhf ifnahg;gkpLk; egH xg;ge;jj;jpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s Mff;$ba jz;lj; njhiff;F rkkhd ngWkjpapidf; nfhz;l epiyahd nrhj;njhd;wpw;F chpj;jhdtuhfNth my;yJ cr;r jz;lj; njhifapy; (ehd;fpy; xU gq;F) my;yJ mjw;F $ba ngWkjpapid tUlhe;j tUkhd ciog;ghsuhfNth ,Uj;jy; Ntz;Lnkd;gNjhL gpujhd fld; ngWeuhfNth my;yJ gpizahsuhfNth Vw;fdNt murhq;fj;jpw;F fld;gl;l xUtuhfNth ,Uf;ff;$lhJ.
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4:9 gpd;dpizg;Gf;fspy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s xg;ge;jq;fs; kw;Wk; Kwpfs; vd;gd njhlh;ghd khjpupg; gbtq;fis jpizf;fsk; gad;gLj;Jjy; Ntz;Lk;. ahNjDnkhU jpizf;fsj;jpw;F ; my;yJ xU re;jHg;gj;jpw;F my;yJ tpNrl re;jHg;gq;fSf;Fj; Njitahd tpjj;jpy; ,g;gbtq;fis jpUj;jk; nra;a Ntz;Lkhapd;> mjw;fhf jhgdg; gzpg;ghsupd; Kd;dDkjpapidg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. ,e;j mDkjpapid toq;Ftjw;F Kd;dH rl;lkh mjpgupd; mtjhdpg;Gf;fisAk; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s Ntz;b tUk;. 4:10 fl;lha Nritf;fhyf;nfLnthd;wpw;Fs; gzpahw;w Ntz;Lnkd xg;ge;jk; xd;wpd; %yk; eph;zapf;fg;gl;Ls;s cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH kw;WnkhU fl;lha Nritf; fhyf;nfLtpw;Fl;gLk; tifapyhd fw;if my;yJ gapw;rpg; ghlnewp xd;wpw;fhf mjd; gpd;dH NjHe;njLf;fg;gl;bUf;Fkplj;J mtiu Kd;ida xg;ge;jj;jpy; ,Ue;J tpLtpj;Jf; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. KjyhtJ xg;ge;jj;jpd; fPo; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s fl;lha Nritf; fhyj;jpy; ahNjDnkhU gFjp kPjkhf ,Ug;gpd;> ,uz;lhtJ xg;ge;jj;jpd; fl;lha Nritf;fhykhf mikAk; fhyf;nfLtpy; mjidAk; NrHj;Jf; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. vt;thwhapDk;> mJTk; 10 tUl cr;rfhyj;jpw;F cl;gl;bUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 4:11 mt;thNw gpd;dH nra;Jnfhs;Sk; xg;ge;jj;jpd; gzpfSf;fhf KjyhtJ fw;if my;yJ gapw;rpg; ghlnewpapd; nrytpdk;> gpd;dH toq;fg;gLfpd;w ghlnewpf;fhd nrytpdj;Jld; NrHf;fg;gly;; Ntz;Lk;. 4:12 gad;gLj;jg;gl Ntz;ba Kwp kw;Wk; xg;ge;jk; vd;gd gw;wpa khjpupg; gbtq;fs; 8 Mk; (xg;ge;jk;) kw;Wk; 15 Mk; (Kwp) gpd;dpizg;Gf;fspy; fhl;lg;g ; l;Ls;sd.
T T T T T T T T

4:13 jFjpfhz; epiyapy; cs;s xUtiu ntspehL xd;Wf;F mDg;Gk; NghJ jFjpfhz; fhyj;ij> mtUf;F ntspehL nry;tjw;fhf ngw;Wf; nfhLf;fg;gLk; tpLKiw toq;fg;gl;Ls;s fhyj;jpw;F rkkhd fhyj;jpdhy; ePbj;jy; Ntz;Lkh ,y;iyah vd;gJ gw;wp jpizf;fsj; jiytH jhgdg; gzpg;ghshplk; MNyhridiag; ngw;Wf;nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. 4:14 cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtiu mur $l;Lj;jhgdnkhd;wpy; gzpahw;Wtjw;fhf tpLtpf;Fk; re;jHg;gj;jpy; mt;thW gzpahw;Wk; fhyg; gFjp> xg;ge;jk; xd;wpd; %yk; mtH ghy; xg;gilf;fg;gl;Ls;s nghWg;Gf;fis epiwNtw;Wk; tplaj;jpy;> ; mtuJ fl;lha Nritf; fhyj;jpd; xU gFjpahff; fzpf;fg;gly;; Ntz;Lk;.

5. rk;gskw; skw;w fw;if tpLKiw ngw;Wf;nfhz;Ls;s re;jHg;gq;fspy; ifr;rhj;jpl Ntz;ba xg;g ; e;jq;f ; s;
5:1 fw;if my;yJ gapw;rpf;fhf gpuahzj;jpw;fhd fhyk; cl;gl Mff; Fiwe;jJ xU khjj;jpw;F Nkw;gl;l fhyg; gFjpf;F rk;gskw;w tpLKiwapy; ntspehL nry;fpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH jdJ tpLKiwfs; Kbtile;jikiaj; njhlh;eJ ; kPzL ; k; murhq;f Nritf;Fj; jpUk;GtjhfTk;> jhd; ngw;Wf;nfhz;l KOr; rk;gskw;w tpLKiwiag; Nghd;W ,uz;L klq;F fhyj;jpw;F murhq;fj;jpy; Nritahw;WtjhfTk;> xg;ge;jk; xd;wpidr; nra;Jnfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. ,jw;fhfg; gad;gLj;jg;gl Ntz;ba xg;ge;jj;jpd; khjpupg; gbtk; gpd;dpizg;G 09 ,y; fhl;lg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,e;j xg;ge;jk; njhlHgpy; 4:9 Mk; cg gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s Vw;ghLfisg; gpd;gw;Wjy; Ntz;Lk;.
T T T T T T T

5:2 fl;lha Nritf;fhyj;jpw;F gzpahw;w KbahJ NghFkplj;J> mwtplg;gl Ntz;ba jz;lg; gzj;ij fzpg;gpLk; NghJ fl;lha Nritf; fhyj;jpy; gzpahw;whky; tpLfpd;w xt;nthU khjj;jpw;Fnkd cj;jpNahfj;jh; ehl;bw;F ntspNa nrd;w re;jHg;gj;jpy; ngw;Wf; nfhz;l Gjpa jpuz;l khjr; rk;gsj;jpy; 1/3 vd;w tifapy; fzpg;gply; Ntz;Lk;. ,j;njhif xg;ge;jg; gj;jpuj;jpYk; Fwpg;gplg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. (XII Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; 16 Mk; cWg;Giuiag; ghHf;fTk;)
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5:2:1 gpd;dH xU ehspy;> cj;jpNahfj;jH xUth; ngw;Wf;nfhz;Ls;s tpLKiw ePbf;fr; nra;aTk;gl;L> mtH mJtiuapy; murhq;f Nritapy; gzpahw;wpf; nfhz;LkpUe;jpUg;gpd;> md;iwa jpdj;jpy; mtH ngw;Wf;nfhz;l rk;gsj;ij mbg;gilahff; nfhz;Nl jz;lg; gzj;jpid tpjpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.

6. Gyikg; guprpy;> gapw;rpg; rpg; gbfs; gbfs; vd;gd


6:1 ntspehl;L murhq;fk; xd;wpdhy; my;yJ KftH epWtdk; xd;wpdhy; toq;fg;gLfpd;w Gyikg; guprpypd; kPJ ntspehL nry;fpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F mDruiz toq;Fk; murhq;fj;jpdhy; my;yJ KftH epWtdj;jpdhy; toq;fg;gLfpd;w gbfs; my;yJ Cjpak; (me;epar; nryhtzp) kw;Wk; ,g;gzpf;fhf KOr; rk;gsj;Jld; $ba tpLKiw toq;fg;gLkhapd; mtuJ KOr; rk;gsk; kw;Wk; gbfs; (,yq;ifapd; cs;ehl;L gzj;jpy;) vd;gd nrYj;jg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. 6:2 fw;if newpf;fhf my;yJ gapw;rpf;fhf ,yq;if murhq;fj;jpd; nrytpd;kJ P ntspehl;bw;F mDg;gg;gLfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F nrYj;jg;gl Ntz;ba gbfs;> gl;lg;gpd; gbg;Gf; fw;ifnewpfs; kw;Wk; gl;lg;gbg;Gf; fw;ifnewpf;fhf mDkjpf;fg;gl;l gbfs; vd;gtw;iw mbg;gilahff; nfhz;L nryhtzpf; fl;Lg;ghl;lhshpdhy; jPHkhdpf;fg;gLk;. ,jw;Fg; Gwk;ghf Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLfpd;w nfhLg;gdTfSf;fhf epjp tplaj;jpw;Fg; nghWg;ghd mikr;rpd;; nrayhsUila mDkjpapidg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. 6:3 ntspehl;by; ,Uf;Fk; NghJ czTg;gbiag; ngw;Wf;nfhs;fpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F ,g;gbfspy; vJTk; toq;fg;gl khl;lhJ.

7. czTg;g ; b gpuahzj;jpw;nfLf;fg;gLfpd;w Mff; Fiwe;j fhyf;nfL cs;spl;l xUkhjj;jpw;F Nkw;glhj fhyf;nfLnthd;wpw;F


7:1 XII Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; 13.1 Mk; gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s ve;jnthU gzpf;fhftpUg;gpDk; mg;gpuptpd; fPo; flik yPT mDkjpf;fg;gl;L flikapd; kPJ ntspehL xd;wpw;F nry;Yk; cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F xU khjj;jpw;F Nkw;glhj fhyg; gFjpf;F epjp tplaj;jpw;Fg; nghWg;ghd mikr;rpd; nrayhsupdhy; fhyj;jpw;F fhyk; tpjpf;fg;gLfpd;w fl;lzq;fSf;F Vw;g "czTg;gb"iar; nrYj;j KbAk;. 7:2 murhq;fg; gpujpepjp xUtuhftd;wp NtW tpjkhf mt;thwhdnjhU khehl;by; fye;J nfhs;sr; nry;fpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F ,f; nfhLg;gdTfspy; vjidAk; ngw;Wf; nfhs;Sk; chpj;Jf; fpilahJ.

8. czTg;gb gpuahzj;jpw;nfLf;fg;gLfpd;w Mff; Fiwe;j fhyf;nfL cs;spl;l xU khjj;j ; pw;F Nkw; Nkw;gl;l fhyf;nfLnthd;wpw;F
flikapd; epkpj;jk; nrytplg;gLk; fhyf;nfLthdJ xU khjj;ijj; jhz;Lkplj;J> epjp tplaj;jpw;Fg; nghWg;ghd mikr;rpd; nrayhsUld; fye;Jiuahb gupkhw;wy; gb xd;wpid fhyj;jpw;F fhyk; epHzapj;Jf; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;.

9. ntg;g cilg; fSk; cilg; gbfSk; gbfSk; Kw;gzq; zq;fSk;


fw;if newp my;yJ gapw;rpnewp xd;Wf;fhf my;yJ flikapd; epkpj;jk; ,il ntg;gepiy epyTk; ehnlhd;wpw;Fr; nry;Yk; murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F nrYj;jf;$ba ntg;gcilg; gb kw;Wk;/ my;yJ Kw;gzq;fs; gpd;tUkhW.
202

mj;jpahak; XV

9:1 flikapd; epkpj;jk; ntspehL xd;Wf;F mDg;gg;gLfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F 75 gTzpw;F rkkhd ngWkjpahd njhiff;F ntg;gcilg; gb xd;wpid &gh tbtpy; nrYj;j KbAk;. ,g;gzpf;fhd flik vDk;NghJ 1.1. Mk; cg gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s ve;jnthU gzpAk; cs;slq;Fk;. 9:1:1 ,q;F 9.7 Mk; cg gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s epge;jidfSf;Fl;gl;L Kw;gzkhf 2>000 &ghTf;F Nkw;glhj xU njhifapidr; nrYj;Jtjw;F nrayhsUf;F KbAk;. flik my;yhj NtW gzpfSf;fhf ntspehL xd;Wf;F nry;fpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;Fk; $l ,e;j 2>000 &gh Kw;gzj;jpid nrYj;j KbAk;. 9:2 ,q;F 9.1 ,y; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s nfhLg;gdtpy; 150% tPjj;jpid ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;F gpujk ePjpaurUk; kw;Wk; mikr;rHfSk; cupik ngWfpd;wdH. 9:2:1 ,q;F 9.7 Mk; cg gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s epge;jidfspd; fPo; ntg;g cil nfhLg;gdthf nrYj;jg;gLfpd;w njhiff;F Nkw;glhj NkYnkhU njhifapid Kw;gzk; xd;whf cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F nrYj;Jtjw;Fk; nrayhsUf;F KbAk;. 9:3 flikapd; epkpj;jk; ntspehL xd;wpw;F nry;Yk; cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F ntg;g cilg; gbiar; nrYj;j KbtJ> mtUf;F toq;fg;gLfpd;w mDruiz epge;jidf;fSf;Nfw;g ntg;gcilg; gbf;fhd Vw;ghLfs; nra;ag;gl;buhj re;jHg;gj;jpy; khj;jpuNk MFk;. mt;thwhd mDruiz epge;jidfspy; Vw;ghL nra;ag;gl;Ls;s njhifahdJ ntg;gcilg; gbia tplTk; Fiwthff; fhzg;gbd;> mjpy; fhzg;gLk; tpj;jpahrj;ij murhq;f epjpapypUe;J nrYj;j KbAk;. 9:4 cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F Ie;J tUl fhyg;gFjpapDs; ntg;gcilg; gb kw;Wk; Kw;gzk; vd;gtw;wpid xU jlitf;F Nky; toq;ff;$lhJ. 9:5 ntspehl;L KftH epWtdnkhd;wpd; nrytpdhy; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLfpd;w gazk; xd;wpw;fhf cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH ntg;g cilg; gb xd;wpidg; ngw;wpUg;gpd;> 9.4 Mk; cg gpuptpd; tplaj;Jf;fhf me;j ntg;gcilg; gbapidAk; fzf;fpnyLj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 9:6 ntg;g cilg; gbahf kw;Wk;/ my;yJ Kw;gzkhf fpilf;fg; ngw;w njhifapid ntspehl;by; jq;fpapUg;gjw;F jdf;Fj; Njitahd cilfisf; nfhs;tdT nra;tjw;fhf jhd; nrytpl;ljw;fhd cWjpnkhopnahd;wpid Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jH ,ad;wsT tpiutpy; rkHg;gpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. nrayhsH tpUk;gpd; nfhs;tdTg; gw;Wr;rl P b ; id rkHg;gpf;FkhW Nfhu KbAk;. 9:7 ,g;gpuptpd; fPo; toq;fg;gLfpd;w Kw;gzq;fs; gpd;tUk; epge;jidfSf;F cl;gl;ldthFk;. 9:7:1 NtW tplaq;fSf;fhf toq;fg;gLfpd;w rk;gs Kw;gzq;fisg; Nghd;W ,jw;Fk; tl;b mwtplg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. (XXIV Mk; mj;jpahaj;ijg; ghHf;fTk;) 9:7:2 kPsr;nrYj;Jjy; 36 Nkw;nfhs;sg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. khjq;fSf;F Nkw;glhj fhyg; gFjpf;Fs;

9:7:3 Kjyhk; gFjpapd; mwtPli ; l> Kw;gzk; nrYj;jg;gl;l jpfjpapypUe;J MW khjk; my;yJ cj;jpNahfj;jH kPzL ; k; ehl;bw;F tUifje;j jpfjp vd;w ,uz;by; vJ Kjypy; tUfpd;wNjh mj;jpfjpfF ; mg;ghy; gpw;Nghlf; $lhJ. 9:8 ,e;j rl;lq;fSld; njhlHGgl;l tplaq;fSf;fhf ,ilntg;gepiy epyTk; ehLfs;.
203

mj;jpahak; XV

tl mfyhq;F 35 midj;J ehLfSk;.

ghiff;F

tlf;fpy; njw;fpy;

fhzg;gLfpd;w fhzg;gLfpd;w

tlmiuf; njd;diuf;

Nfhsj;jpd; Nfhsj;jpd;

njd;dfyhq;F 30 ghiff;Fj; midj;J ehLfSk;.

fly; kl;lj;jpypUe;J 5000 mbfSf;F Nkyhy; mike;Js;s midj;J ,lq;fSk;. 9:9 ,yq;if eph;tfpf;fg;gLfpd;w Vw;Gilj;jhfhJ. ntspehl;L Nritfs; tpjpf;Nfhitapd; Vw;ghLfspd; fPo; murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F ,e;jg; gpupthdJ

10. 10. rdhjpgjpapd;/ gpujk mikr;rupd; mDkjp


10:1 rdhjpgjpapdhy; epakpf;fg;gLtNjhL> mtupd; mDkjpapidAk; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s Ntz;ba cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH jtpHe;j> mur $l;Lj;jhgdk; xd;wpw;F jw;fhypfkhf tpLtpf;fg;gl;Ls;s murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH cs;spl;l rfy murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jHfSk; ,q;F fPNo Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sthwhd re;jHg;gq;fspy;; ntspehL xd;wpw;Fr; nry;yf;fUJk; gl;rj;jpy; ehl;iltpl;L ntspNaWtjw;F Kd;dH mjw;fhf gpujk mikr;rupd; mDkjpapidg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. fw;iff;fhf my;yJ gapw;rpf;fhf KOr; rk;gsj;Jldhd my;yJ rk;gskw;w tpLKiwapy; nry;Yk;NghJ> ntspehl;L murhq;fk; xd;wpd;> rHtNjr KftH epiyankhd;wpd; my;yJ ntspehl;L mikg;G xd;wpd; miog;gpd; Ngupy; ntspehL xd;wpw;fhd Rw;Wg; gazj;ij Nkw;nfhs;Sk; NghJ> ntspehl;by; mike;Js;s ,yq;if J}jufnkhd;wpw;F epakpf;fg;gLfpd;w re;jHg;gk; jtpHe;j Vida flikfSf;fhf ntspehL nry;Yk; gl;rj;jpy; ,yq;ifiag; gpujpepjpjJ ; tg;gLj;Jfpd;w tpisahl;Lf; FOnthd;wpd; mq;fj;jtuhfr; nry;Yk;NghJ (mt;thwhd re;jHgg;qf ; spy; tpisahl;Lj;Jiw mikr;rpd; nrayhsupd; mDkjpapidg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;) 10:3 Mk; cg; gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s Vw;ghLfSf;Fg; Gwk;ghf Kd;$l;bNa fl;lzk; nrYj;jg;gl;L tpkhdg; gazr;rl P n ; lhd;wpd; %yk; nry;fpd;w NghJ> ntspehl;L murhq;fnkhd;wpdhy; rHtNjr Kftuhz;iknahd;wpdhy; my;yJ ntspehl;L mikg;nghd;wpdhy; fpilf;fngw;Ws;s Rw;Wg;gaz ed;nfhil xd;wpw;fhfr; nry;fpd;wNghJ ntspehl;L fliknahd;wpidg; nghWg;Ngw;gjw;fhf tpLtpf;fg;gLk; NghJ> 10:1:1 Nkw;gb yPTf;fhf rkHg;gpf;fg;gLfpd;w tpz;zg;gg; gbtj;jpy; mg;gzpf;Fj; Njitahd KO tpLKiwf; fhyg; gFjpAk; Fwpg;gplg;gl;bUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. mf;fhyg; gFjpapid ePbg;gjw;fhf mNjNghd;w mDkjpnahd;iw Kd;$l;bNa tpz;zg;gpg;gjd; %yk; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s KbAnkd;gNjhL> mt; tpz;zg;gg; gbtj;jpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl Ntz;ba Vida tplaq;fSf;Fg; Gwk;ghf ,q;Nf fPNo Fwpg;gplg;gLfpd;w tplaq;fs; njhlh;ghfTk; fhuzq;fisj; njuptpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. (m) ePbf;fr; nra;tjw;fhd fhuzq;fs; kw;Wk; (M) Kd;dH tpzz ; g;gpj;j re;jHg;gj;jpy; nfhs;sg;glhikf;fhd fhuzq;fs;
204

,J

ftdj;jpy;

mj;jpahak; XV

10:2 ntspehl;L murhq;fk; xd;wpd; my;yJ ntspehl;L KftH epWtd nkhd;wpd; %yk; fpilf;fg; ngw;w miog;G xd;wpid Vw;Wf;nfhs;tjw;F mDkjp NfhUtjw;F Kd;dH> mt;tiog;ghdJ> If;fpa ehLfs; rig kw;Wk; mjd; rpwg;G epWtdq;fs; Nghd;w rHtNjr mikg;nghd;wpdhy; toq;fg;gLfpd;w miog;nghd;Nwh my;yJ fiy> tpQ;Qhd my;yJ njhopy;rhH Jiw rhHe;j Gyik ngw;w xUtUf;F ntspehl;L KftH epWtdk; xd;wpdhy; my;yJ NtW epWtdk; xd;wpdhy; toq;fg;gLfpd;w miog;nghd;Nwh my;yhj gl;rj;jpy;> Kjypy; mt;tiog;G ntspAwT mikr;rpD}lhf ,yq;if murhq;fj;jpw;F toq;fg;gl;Ls;snjdTk;> vt;Tj;jpNahfj;jUf;F miog;G tpLf;fg;gLfpd;wNjh mtH ,yq;if murhq;fj;jpdhy; ngauplg;gl;l egH vdTk; jpizf;fsj; jiytH jpUg;jpailjy; Ntz;Lk;. 10:3 cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH tpLKiw xd;wpidf; fopj;jy; my;yJ Gdpj ahj;jpiu xd;wpid Nkw;nfhs;sy; my;yJ kUj;Jt rpfpr;ir xd;wpidg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;sy; Nghd;w ntWkNd jdpg;gl;l tplaq;fSf;fhf yPtpidg; ngw;Wf;nfhz;L ntspehL nry;tjw;F ,t;thwhd mDkjp Njitapy;iy. vdpDk; nrayhsH my;yJ jpizf;fsj; jiytH njhlh;gpy; ,t;thwhd re;jHg;gq;fspYk; $l mt;thwhd mDkjpapidg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. 10:3:1 cj;jpNahfj;jH xUth;> jhd; jdpg;gl;l Kiwapy; my;yJ J}Jf;FO xd;wpd; my;yJ tpisahl;Lf; FO xd;wpd; Xh; mq;fj;jtuhf khehL xd;wpy; my;yJ tpisahl;Lg; Nghl;b epfo;rr ; p xd;wpy; fye;J nfhs;tjw;fhf ntspehL nry;tjw;F cj;Njrpf;Fkplj;J> ,q;F 16 Mk; gpd;dpizg;gpy; fhl;lg;gl;Ls;sthW tpz;zg;gpj;J mjw;Fhpa mDkjpapidg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;.
T T T T T

10:4 cupa Kiwapy; rdhjpgjpapd; nrayhshplk;/ gpujk mikr;rupd; nrayhsuplk; rkHg;gpf;fg;gLfpd;w tpz;zg;gg; gbtq;fs;> Mff; Fiwe;jJ ehl;il tpl;L ntspNaWtjw;F gj;J ehl;fSf;F Kd;dUk;> Gyikg;guprpy; njhlh;ghfntdpd; Fwpj;j Gyikg;guprpiy toq;Fk; mjpfhupf;F ngaHg;gl;bay; fpilf;fg;ngwNtz;Lk; vdf;fUjg;gLfpd;w jpfjpf;F 10 ehl;fSf;F Kd;dUk; fpilf;fg; ngwf;$bathW mDg;gg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. 10:5 ntspehl;L KftH epWtdnkhd;W KOr; nrytpdq;fisAk; nghWg;Ngw;fpd;w fw;ifnewp my;yJ gapw;rp xd;wpw;fhf ntspehnlhd;wpw;Fr; nry;fpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH njhlh;gpyhd tpz;zg;gg;gbtk; epjp> jpl;lkply; mikr;rpd; ntspehl;L tsq;fs; gzpg;ghsUf;F mDg;gg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. mtH jdJ ghpe;JiuAld; tpz;zg;gg; gbtj;jpid cupa mjpfhupf;F rkHg;gpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 10:6 fw;if newp my;yJ gapw;rp xd;wpw;fhd nrytpid ntspehl;L KftH epWtdk; KOikahf nghWg;Ngw;fhj gl;rj;jpy;> tpz;zg;gg; gbtj;jpid chpa mjpfhhpf;F mDg;g Ntz;bath; epjp> jpl;lkply; mikr;rpd; nghUshjhu mYty;fSf;F nghWg;ghd gzpg;ghsh; Mthh;. mt;thNw mJ njhlh;ghd KOr; nrytpdk; njhlh;ghd kjpg;gn P lhd;Wk; mr; nrytpdk; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLk; tpjk; gw;wpAk; mjpy; Fwpg;gplg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. Fwpj;j gzpg;ghsH me;j Kd;nkhopTf;Fj; Njitahd me;epar; nryhtzpapid tpLtpg;gJ njhlh;ghd jdJ ghpe;JiuAld; tpz;zg;gg; gbtj;jpid chpa mjpfhupaplk; rkHg;gpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 10:7 ,ize;j Nritiar; NrHe;j gjtpepiy cj;jpNahfj;jH my;yhj xUtuJ tpz;zg;gg;gbtk; ,ize;j Nritfs; gzpg;ghsH ehafj;jpd; ClhfTk;> ,ize;j Nritiar; NrHe;j Vida cj;jpNahfj;jHfsJ tpz;zg;gg;gbtq;fs; nghJeph;thf mikr;rpd; nrayhsupD}lhfTk; rkHg;gpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. NkYk; Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jiu tpLtpf;f KbAkh ,y;iyah vd;gJ gw;wpAk; mt;tjpfhupfs; Fwpg;gpLjy; Ntz;Lk;. nghwpapayhsH Nritiar; NrHe;j cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH> nghwpapayhsH Nritg; gzpg;ghs&lhfTk;> tpQ;Qhd Nritiar; NrHe;j cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH> tpQ;Qhd Nritfs; rigapd; nrayhs&lhfTk; jj;jkJ tpz;zg;gg; gbtq;fis rkHg;gpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.
205

mj;jpahak; XV

10:8 khehnlhd;wpy; fye;J nfhs;sy;> fUj;juq;nfhd;wpy; fye;J nfhs;sy;; toq;fy;fs; kw;Wk; cgfuzf; nfhs;tdT njhlh;ghff; fye;Jiuahly; Nghd;w eltbf;iffSf;fhf murhq;f nrytpy; Fwpj;j xU fhyj;jpw;F ntspehL nry;tjw;fhf mikr;rH xUtupdhy; tpNrlkhfg; ngaH Fwpg;gplg;gLfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtupd; tpz;zg;gg; gbtk; epjp> jpll ; kply; mikr;rpd; nghUshjhu mYty;fSf;Fg; nghWg;ghd gzpg;ghsupD}lhf rkHg;gpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. mJ njhlh;ghf nrytpl Ntz;b Vw;gLfpd;w njhif gw;wpa kjpg;gn P lhd;Wk;> mr;nrytpdk; Nkw;nfhs;sg;glTs;s tpjk; Fwpj;Jk; mjpy; fhl;lg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. nghUshjhu mYty;fSf;F nghWg;g ; hd gzpg;ghsH mg;gzpf;Fj; Njitahd me;epar; nryhtzpapid tpLtpg;gJ njhlHghd ghpe;JiuAld; Fwpj;j tpz;zg;gg; gbtj;ij cupa mjpfhupaplk; rkHg;gpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 10:9 ,q;F 10.5 kw;Wk; 10.6 Mfpa cg gpupTfspd; fPo; rkHg;gpf;fg;gLfpd;w tpz;zg;gg; gbtq;fs; 17 Mk; gpd;dpizg;gpy; fhl;lg;gl;Ls;sthW jahupf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. Fwpj;j mikr;R 7 gpujpfSld; tpz;zg;gg;gbtj;jpid rkHg;gpj;jjd; gpd;dH epjp> jpll ; kply; mikr;rpd; ntspehl;L tsq;fSf;fhd gzpg;ghsH xU gpujpapid jd;trk;; itj;Jf; nfhz;L Vida MW gpujpfisAk; cupa mjpfhupaplk; rkHg;gpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.
T T T T T T

10:10 mDkjp toq;fg;gl;ljd; gpd;dH rdhjpgjpapd; nrayhsH/ gpujk mikr;rpd; nrayhsH> 3 gpujpfis Neubahf jpizf;fsj; jiytUf;F mDg;gpitj;J ntspAwT mikr;rpd; nrayhsUf;Fk;> Njitf;Nfw;g ntspehl;L tsq;fSf;fhd gzpg;ghsUf;F my;yJ epjp> jpl;lkply; mikr;rpd; nghUshjhu mYty;fSf;fhd gzpg;ghsUf;F gpujpfisAk; mDg;gp itj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. jpizf;fsj; jiytH nryhtzpf; fl;Lg;ghl;lhsUf;Fk; jdJ mikr;rpd; nrayhsUf;Fk; gpujpfis mDg;gp itj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 10:11 ntspehl;by; jq;fpapUg;gjw;fhf jdJ jpizf;fs cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F tpLKiw ngw;Wf;nfhLg;gjw;F Kd;dH> ehl;bw;F ntspNa nry;tjw;fhd cupa mDkjpapidg; ngw;Wf; nfhz;Ls;sjhf Njitf;Nfw;g nrayhsH my;yJ jpizf;fsj; jiytH jpUg;jpailjy; Ntz;Lk;.

11. 11. gpuahz tFg;G


11:1 tpkhdg; Ntz;Lk;. 11:2 gazpfs;> midtUk; rpf;fd tFg;gpy; gazk; nra;jy;

fly; gazpfs;

11:2:1 Kjyhk; tFg;G: Mz;nlhd;wpw;F &gh 19>800 ,w;F Fiwahj Muk;g rk;gsj;ijg; ngWfpd;w gjtp xd;wpid tfpf;Fk; cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH. 11:2:2 Mz;nlhd;wpw;F &gh 24>600 ngWfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH my;yJ mjpYk; $ba rk;gsj;ijg;

12. 12. gpua gpuahzk; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl Ntz;ba Kiw


gazpf;f Ntz;ba Kiw mjhtJ> tpkhdg; gazpah my;yJ fg;gy; gazpah vd;gJ epjp> jpl;lkply; mikr;rpdhy; fhyj;jpw;F fhyk; ntspaplg;gLfpd;w mwpTWj;jy;fSf;fika jPHkhdpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;.

13. 13. Ntwhf mDg;gg;gLfpd;w nghUl;fisf; nfhz;L nry;yy;


13:1 cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH flikapd; epkpj;jk; my;yJ KOr; rk;gsj;Jldhd fw;if tpLKiwapd; kPJ ntspehL xd;wpw;Fr; nry;Yk; NghJ mtH ifNahL nfhz;L nry;yhj nghUl;fspd; xU gFjpahff; fhzg;gLfpd;w mj;jpahtrpa
206

mj;jpahak; XV

jdpg;gl;l nghUl;fis fg;gy; %yk; nfhz;L nry;tjw;F vLf;Fk; nrytpid (Gyikg; guprpy;fs; njhlHgpy; mg;Gyikg; guprpiy toq;fpa mjpfhup nghWg;Ngw;fhj gl;rj;jpy) ; gpd;tUk; re;jHg;gq;fspy;> mjhtJ> Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jH tpkhdk; %yk; gazpg;gtuhfTkpUe;J> flik my;yJ fw;iff; fhykhdJ MW khjq;fSf;F Nkw;glf; $bajhfTk; cs;s re;jHg;gj;jpy;> nry;fpd;w NghJ my;yJ gazj;jpypUe;J jpUk;gptUk; NghJ Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jH Gwg;gLtjw;F Kd;dNuh my;yJ Gwg;gl;L xU khjj;jpw;FNsh Fwpj;j nghUl;fs; fg;gypy; Vw;wg;gLk; re;jh;gg ; q;fspYk;> murhq;f epjpahy; <L nra;ag;gLk;. 13:2 fhg;GWjp flyghaf; fhg;GWjpf;fhf nrYj;jg;gLfpd;w fl;lzkhdJ gpd;tUk; tiuaiwapDs; kPs;epug;Gr; nra;ag;gLk;. jtizf;

,q;F Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s mstpYk; $lhj fhg;gWjpj; njhif(&gh)


KOr; rk;gsj;Jldhd fw;if tpLKiw xd;iwg; ngw;Wf; nfhz;l cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH: Kjyhk; tFg;igr; NrHe;j fg;gy; gazr; rPlL ; f;F cupj;Jila cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F

1500 750

Vida xUtUf;F Kjy; epakdk; ngw;W> Xa;Tngw;W> ,d;Nwy; Nrit KbTWj;jg;gl;L> gazj;jpy; <Lgl;Ls;s cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;Fk; my;yJ mtuJ FLk;g cWg;gpdHfSf;Fk;: Kjyhk; tFg;igr; NrHe;j rPlL ; f;F cupj;Jila xUtUf;F Vida xUtUf;F
fg;gy; gazr; cj;jpNahfj;jH

5000 3000

13:3 fhg;GWjp njhlHghd rfy tplaq;fisAk; Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jNu nra;J nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. fhg;gWjpr; nrytpdj;ij kPse ; pug;Gr; nra;AkhW tpz;zg;gpf;Fk; NghJ> fhg;GWjp nra;J nfhs;sg;gl;l Nkw;fhg;Gj; njhif> nrYj;jpa jtizf; nfhLg;gdTfs; vd;gtw;wpid rk;ge;jg;gl;l tpz;zg;gg; gbtj;jpy; Fwpg;gpl;L> fhg;GWjp nra;ag;gl;l nghUl;fs; njhlh;ghf cWjpg;gLj;jg;gl;l $w;nwhd;iwAk;> fhg;GWjpr; rhd;wpjo; kw;Wk;/ my;yJ fhg;GWjpf; $l;Lj;jhgdj;jplkpUe;J/ fk;gdpaplkpUe;J ngw;Wf; nfhs;sg;gl;l gw;Wr;rl P i ; lAk; Fwpj;j tpz;zg;gj;Jld; ,izj;J mDg;Gjy; Ntz;Lk;. 13:4 ,r;rl;l tpjpfspd; gzpfSf;fhf mj;jpahtrpa jdpg;gl;l nghUl;fs; vd;gJ gpd;tUk; tiuaiwfSf;F cl;gl;l Jzp tiffs;> Gj;jfq;fs;> tPlL ; cgufzq;fs; kw;Wk; gad;gLj;jpa rikayiw cgfuzq;fs;> gPqf ; hd; nghUl;fs;> fuz;b tiffs; vd;gtw;iw cs;slf;Fk;;. Kjyhk; tFg;igr; NrHe;j fg;gy; gazr; rPl;Lf;F cupj;Jila cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F Vida xUtUf;F
207

fd mb 50 fd mb 30

mj;jpahak; pahak; XV

13:5 ,yq;if ntspehl;L Nritfs; tpjpf; Nfhitapd;; Vw;ghLfspd; fPo; epUtfpf;fg;gLfpd;w murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F ,g;gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s tplaq;fs ; Vw;Gilj;jhfh.

14. 14. fhg;GWjp thd;top tpgj;Jf;fs;


14:1 flikapd; epkpj;jk; my;yJ G+uz rk;gsj;Jldhd fw;if tpLKiwapy; my;yJ murhq;f nrytpy; ntspehLfSf;Fr; nry;fpd;wtUk;> tpkhd tpgj;Jf;fs; njhlh;ghd fhg;GWjp xd;wpidr; nra;J nfhz;Ls;stUkhd cj;jpNahj;jH xUtH mt;thwhd fhg;GWjpapid gpd;tUk; tiuaiwfSf;F cl;gl;lthW ,yq;if fhg;GWjpf; $l;Lj;jhgdj;jplk; my;yJ ,yq;if Njrpa fhg;GWjpf; $l;Lj;jhgdj;jplk; nra;J nfhz;bUg;gpd;> mtH nrYj;jpa jtizf; fl;lzj;ij gpd;dH mtUf;F kPse ; pug;Gr; nra;a KbAk;. mikr;rH xUtH> gpujpaikr;rH xUtH kw;Wk; ghuhSkd;w cWg;gpdH xUtH &gh. 29>400 my;yJ mjw;F Nkw;gl;l rk;gsk; ngWfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH &gh. 29>400 &ghtpw;F fPo; rk;gsk; ngWfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH 500>000 300>000 150>000

14:2 KOr; rk;gsj;Jldhd yPtpy;; ntspehl;L KftH epWtdnkhd;wpd; nrytpy; ntspehl;Lf;Fr; nry;fpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F> Fwpj;j KftH epWtdj;jpdhy; Nkw;Fwpg;gpl;l fhg;GWjpr; nrytpdk; nghWg;Ngw;fg;glhj re;jHg;gj;jpy; Nkw;gb 14.1 Mk; cg gpuptpd; gpufhuk; kPse ; pug;Gr; nra;Ak; nghUl;L fhg;GWjpj; jtizf; fl;lzj;ij kPsr;nrYj;j KbAk;. 14:3 Nkw;Fwpg;gpl;l vy;iyf;F Nkw;gl;l njhiff;F fhg;GWjp nra;Jnfhs;s vtNuDNkhh; cj;jpNahfj;jH tpUk;gpd;> jdJ nrhe;jr; nrytpy; Nkyjpf Nkw;fhg;Gj; njhifapidg; nghWg;Ngw;Wf; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;.

15. 15. kUj;Jtg; gupNrhjid


15:1 ntspehL nry;fpd;w murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH my;yJ murhq;f Gyikg; guprpy; xd;wpidg; ngw;W ntspehL nry;fpd;w xUtH ehl;il tplL ; ntspNaWtjw;F Kd;dH> Fwpj;j ghlnewp eilngWfpd;w ehl;bd; fhyepiy kw;Wk; Vida jd;ikfspd; fPo; mf;fw;if newpia my;yJ gapw;rp newpapidj; njhlHtjw;Fg; nghUj;jkhd clw;wFjpapidf; nfhz;Ls;shuh vd;gjidj; jPHkhdpg;gjw;fhf tpNrl kUj;Jt rig xd;wpdhy; elhj;jg;gLfpd;w kUj;Jtg; gupNrhjid xd;wpw;F cl;gLj;jg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 15:2 mt;thwhd re;jH;gg ; q;fspy; kUj;Jt rig xd;wpid epakpg;gjw;fhf Mff; Fiwe;jJ ehd;F thuq;fSf;F Kd;dNuDk; Rfhjhu Nritfs; gpuhe;jpa gzpg;ghsUf;F/ gzpg;ghsH ehafj;jpw;F gapw;rpg; ghlnewpapd; jd;ik kw;Wk; mJ eilngWk; ehL gw;wpa tpguq;fs; vd;gtw;Wld; $ba tpz;zg;gg; gbtk; xd;wpid mDg;Gjy; Ntz;Lk;. 15:3 kUj;Jt rigapd; mwpf;if vOjg;gl Ntz;ba Vw;Wf;nfhs;sg;gl;l khjpupg; gbtk; xd;wpy; cs;slf;fg;gl;buhj tpNrl kUj;Jt mwpf;iffs; kw;Wk; fjphpaf;f epow;glq;fs; Nghd;wd Njitg;gLk; gl;rj;jpy;> kUj;Jt rigapd; gupNrhjidf;F cl;gLtjw;F Kd;dH> murhq;f kUj;Jtkid xd;wpypUe;J mt;thwhd tpNrl mwpf;iffs; kw;Wk; fjphpaf;f epow;glq;fs; vd;gtw;wpidg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. gupNrhjid> kUj;Jt mwpf;if> fjphpaf;f epow;glk; vd;gtw;wpw;fhf nrytplg;gLk; njhif ntspehl;L KftH epWtdj;jpdhy; nrYj;jg;glhj re;jHg;gj;jpy; ,yq;if murhq;fj;jpdhy; nrYj;jg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;.
208

mj;jpahak; XV

15:4 kUj;Jtg; gupNrhjid eilngw;w jpfjp kw;Wk; ehl;il tpl;L ntspNaWk; jpfjp vd;gtw;wpw;F ,ilapyhd fhytiuaiwahdJ ,uz;L khjq;fSf;F Nkw;gLk; gl;rj;jpy;> my;yJ gupNrhjid elhj;jpa jpfjp kw;Wk; ehl;il tplL ; ntspNaWk; jpfjp vd;gtw;Wf;fpilNa Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jH/ Gyikg; guprpy; ngw;w egH RftPdkilAk; gl;rj;jpy; Gjpjhf kUj;Jt rig xd;wpid epakpf;Fk; nghUl;L Rfhjhu Nritfs; gpuhe;jpa gzpg;ghshplk;/ gzpg;ghsH ehafj;jplk; NfUjy;; Ntz;Lk;.

209

mj;jpahak; - XVI
tpLKiwg; gpuahzq;fs;
1. cupj;Jilik

1:1 1:2 1:3 1:4 1:5 2. 3. 4. 5.

tUlhe;j vz;zpf;if gazk; nra;af;$ba tFg;G cj;jpNahfj;jupd; FLk;g mq;fj;jtu;fs; fztDk; kidtpAk; murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;ju;fshFkplj;J rl;lg;gb gphpe;J thOk; fztd; kidtpah; tpz;zg;gpj;jYk;> Mizr;rl P L ; f;fs; Mizr;rl P i ; l kw;Wk; gazr;

Mizr; rPlb ; w;F toq;fYk; gad;gLj;jg; jg;glhj lhj rPlL ; f; ;fs; ffs;

Mizr;rl P L ; f;fs; kw;Wk; gazr; rPlL ; f;fs; vd;gtw;wpid Kiw Nflhfg; gad;gLj;Jjy; mwpf;iffs; kw;Wk; fzf;fl P L ; eilKiwfs;

210

mj;jpahak; - XVI
tpLKiwg; gpuahzq;fs;
1. cupj;Jilik

,t;tj;jpahaj;jpy; cupik vDk; gjj;jpd; %yk;> fUjg;gLtJ murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtUf;F ,yq;if murhq;f Gifapuj Nritapd; %yk; gazk; nra;tjw;F cupjJ ; ila tFg;G kw;Wk; xU tUlj;jpw;Fupa Mizr;rl P L ; fspd; vz;zpf;if vd;gdthFk;. 1:1 tUlhe;j vz;zpf;if - Gifapujj; jpizf;fsk; jtpu;ej ; NtW ahNjDk; murhq;f jpizf;fsj;jpy; gzpGupfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtUf;F tpUk;gpa vitNaDk; ,uz;L Gifapuj epiyaq;fspilNa gazk; nra;tjw;F xt;nthU epjpahz;bYk; gpd;tUk; tpLKiw Mizr;rPlL ; f;fs; chpj;jhFk;. tUlnkhd;wpw;F &. 7>410 my;yJ mjw;F Nkw;gl;l rk;gsj;ijg; ngWfpd;w epue;ju cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtUf;F; ,Utopg; gaz Mizr; rPlL ; f;fs; %d;W my;yJ jdp topg;gaz Mizr; rPlL ; f;fs; MW (mjhtJ %d;W Nrhb) tUlnkhd;wpw;F &. 7>410 ,w;Ff; Fiwe;j rk;gsj;ijg; ngWfpd;w epue;ju cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtUf;F ,Utop gaz Mizr; rPlL ; xd;W my;yJ jdptopg; gaz Mizr; rPlL ; f;fs; ,uz;L (mjhtJ xU Nrhb) ve;j epjpaj;jpypUe;J rk;gsk; toq;fg;gbDk;> khjhe;j rk;gsj;ijg; ngWfpd;w tUk; xU tUl jpUg;jpfukhd Nritf; fhyj;ij G+u;jj ; p nra;jtUkhd jw;fhypf cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtUf;F ,Utopg; gaz Mizr;rPlL ; xd;W my;yJ jdp topg;; gaz Mizr; rPlL ; f;fs; ,uz;L (mjhtJ xU Nrhb) ve;j epjpaj;jpypUe;J rk;gsk; toq;fg;gbDk;> mka tpLKiwiag; ngWtjw;F cupj;Jila ehl; rk;gsj;ijg; ngWfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;ju; XUtUf;F my;yJ mka Copau; xUtUf;F ,Utop Mizr;rl P L ; xd;W my;yJ gazr;rl P L ; f;fs; ,uz;L (mjhtJ xU Nrhb) murhq;f Nritapy; kPsg; gzpf;fku;jj ; g;gl;Ls;s Xa;T ngw;w xUtUf;Fk;> mtuJ FLk;g mq;fj;jtu;fSf;Fk;: Vida murhq;f Copau;fSf;F Vw;Gilj;jhd epge;jidfs; kw;Wk; epajpfSf;Nfw;g ,Utopg; gaz Mizr;rl P L ; f;fs; %d;W Xa;T ngw;w xUtUf;Fk; mtuJ KOf; FLk;g ,Utopg; gaz Mizr;rl P L ; xd;W (mjhtJ xU Nrhb) mq;fj;jth;fSf;Fk;

1:1:1 jdp topg; gazj;jpw;fhf khj;jpuk; toq;fg;gLfpd;w Mizr;rl P n ; lhd;iw> fl;lzj;jpd; kPjpj; njhifiar; nrYj;jp ,Utopg; gaz Mizr;rl P n ; lhd;iwg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;fhfg; gad;gLj;j KbahJ. 1:1:2 chpa ehisf; Fwpg;gply; - Mizr;rl P L ; xd;wpid tpepNahfpg;gjw;F Kd;du; tpepNahfpf;fg;gLk; jpfjpia me;j Mizr;rl P b ; y; Fwpg;gpLjy; Ntz;Lk;. xt;Nthh; Mizr; rPlL ; k; tpepNahfpf;fg;gl;l jpfjpf;Fhpa epjpahz;bw;Fupj;jhdjhff; fzf;nfLf;fg;gLk;. 1:1:3 tUlnkhd;wpd; xUgFjpf;F - jhd; epue;ju epWtdk; xd;wpw;F epakpf;fg;gl;l Mz;bNy cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtUf;Fg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;sf; Kbe;j tpLKiw Mizr;rl P L ; r; Nrhbfspd; vz;zpf;ifahdJ me;j epjpahz;bNy kPjkhfTs;s khjq;fSf;F tpfpj rkkhf mikjy; Ntz;Lk;. ,jd; gpufhuk;
211

mj;jpahak; XVI

%d;W Mizr;rl P L ; f;fisAk; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s cupj;Jila ahNjDnkhU epjpahz;bd; vl;lhk; khjj;jpy; my;yJ mjd; gpd;du; epakdk; ngw;w cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtUf;F xU Nrhb Mizr; rPlb ; id khj;jpuNk toq;Fjy; Ntz;Lk;. 1:1:4 ahNjDnkhU epjpahz;bNy Xa;T ngWfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtuhy; ngw;Wf;nfhs;s Kbe;j tpLKiw Mizr;rPlL ; r; Nrhbfspd; vz;zpf;ifahdJ> mtu; rupahf Xa;T ngWfpd;w jpfjpahFk; NghJ me;j epjpahz;bNy Nritahw;wpAs;s khjq;fSf;F tpfpj rkkhf mikjy; Ntz;Lk;. ,jd; gpufhuk; %d;W Mizr;rl P L ; f;fisg; ngWtjw;F chpj;Jila cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth; VNjDNkhh; epjpahz;bd; Ie;jhk; khjj;jpw;F Kd;dh; Xa;T ngWthuhapd; mtUf;F xU Nrhb Mizr;rl P L ; khj;jpuNk tpepNahfpg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. mtu; xd;gjhtJ khjj;jpw;F Kd;du; Xa;T ngWthuhapd; mtUf;F ,uz;L Nrhb Mizr;rl P L ; f;fis khj;jpuNk toq;Fjy; Ntz;Lk;. 1:1:5 Ntiy ePff ; k; nra;ag;gl;l cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUth; : Ntiy ePff ; k; nra;ag;gl;l cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtUf;F mtu; kPzL ; k; Nritapy; mku;jj ; g;gLk; tiuapy; Ntiy ePff ; k; nra;ag;gl;l fhyf;nfLtpw;Fs;Nsh my;yJ mf;fhyf;nfL rhh;ghfNth tpLKiw Mizr;rl P L ; f;fs; toq;fg;glf; $lhJ. 1:2 gazk; nra;a Kbe;j tFg;G - cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; gazk; chpj;Js;s tFg;ghdJ> xiv Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; 18 Mk; gphptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sthwhFk;. 1:2:1 ahNjDnkhU tFg;gpy; gazk; nra;tjw;Fupj;Jila cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtUf;F fl;lzj;jpd; tpj;jpahrj;ijf; fhrhfr; nrYj;jp mjw;F Nkw;gl;l tFg;nghd;wpNy gazk; nra;tjw;fhd gazr; rPln ; lhd;wpid ngw;Wf; nfhs;s KbAk;. jdf;F cupj;Jila tFg;gpYk; ghu;ff ; fPo; tFg;gpy; gazk; nra;tjw;fhd gazr; rPli ; lg;ngw;Wf; nfhs;sTk; mtUf;F KbAk;. 1:2:2 cwq;fy; miwfspy; ,ltrjpfs; ,Ug;gpd; mt;tpltrjpfis toq;FtJ njhlu;ghf Vw;Gilj;jhd Gifapuj rl;ljpl;lq;fSf;F mikthf cwq;Fk; miw trjpfisg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;F tFg;G 1 my;yJ tFg;G 2 ,y; gazk; nra;tjw;F cupj;Jila cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtUf;F chpikAz;L. 1:2:3 Fsp&l;lg;gl;l miwnahd;wpy; my;yJ fhl;rp fhz; $lj;jpy; ,ltrjp cs;s NghJ mt;tpltrjpfis toq;FtJ njhlu;ghf Vw;Gilj;jhd Gifapuj rl;ljpl;lq;fSf;F mikthf mt;tpltrjpfisg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;tjw;F tFg;G 1 ,y; gazk; nra;tjw;Fu;pj;Jila cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; jifik ngWfpd;whu;. mt;thwhd Mizr;rl P L ; xd;wpd; tyg;gf;f Nky; %iyapy; Fsp&l;lg;gl;l miwapy; gazk; nra;tjw;fhf vd;Nwh fhl;rp fhz; $lj;jpy; gazk; nra;tjw;fhf vd;Nwh Fwpg;gpl;L Gifapuj Mizr;rl P b ; Ys;s cwq;Fk; miwapy; gazpg;gjw;F vd;gjid ntl;btpl;L mjw;Fg; gjpyhf Fsp&l;lg;gl;l miwf;fhd gazr;rPlL ; vd;Nwh my;yJ fhl;rp fhz; $lj;Jf;fhd gazr;rl P L ; vd;Nwh khw;Wjy; Ntz;Lk;. 1:3 FLk;g cWg;gpdu;fs; - epue;ju cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtUf;F Gifapuj Mizr;rl P L ; njhlu;ghf fhzg;gLfpd;w cupikahdJ> me;j cj;jpNahfj;jupd; xt;nthU FLk;g mq;fj;jtUf;Fk; fpilf;Fk;. 1:3:1 ,e;jg; gzpf;fhf FLk;gk; vd;gjd; tho;fi ; fj; JiziaAk; cj;jpNahfj;jupd; gps;isnahUtiuAk; Fwpf;Fk;. %yk; fPo; fUjg;gLtJ> jdJ jq;fp tho;fpd;w

1:3:2 tpthfkhfhj my;yJ jGjhu/tpjit cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; njhlu;gpy; mtupd; fPo; cz;ikahfNt jq;fp tho;fpd;w jha;/ je;ij kw;Wk;/ my;yJ rNfhjud;/ rNfhjup MfpNahUf;Fk; mtUf;F NkNy 1.1 Mk; gpuptpd; fPo;
212

mj;jpahak; XVI

cupj;Jila Mizr;rl P L ; f;fs; fpilf;Fk;. jq;fp tho;NthUf;fhd Mizr;rl P L ; f;fspd; vz;zpf;if gpd;tUk; tiuaiwf;Fl;gl;bUf;Fk;.

nkhj;j

&.7>410 my;yJ mjw;F Nkw;gl;l %d;W Nrhbfs; my;yJ xUtopg; rk;gsj;ijg; ngWfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;ju; gaz Mizr;rl P L ; f;fs; MW &.7>410 ,w;F Fiwthd rk;gsj;ijg; ngWfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;ju; xU Nrhb my;yJ xU topg; gaz Mizr;rl P L ; f;fs; ,uz;L

1:3:3 ,q;F 1.3.2 ,d; fPohd ,t;Tupikapid xU FLk;gj;ijr; Nru;e;j xU cj;jpNahfj;jh; khj;jpuNk ngw;Wf;nfhs;s KbAk;. 1:3:4 jq;fp thOjy; vd;gjd; %yk; fUjg;gLtJ> cj;jpNahfj;jupd; fPo; cz;ikahfTk;> NghjpastpYk; jq;fp thOjNy MFk;. ,J jPuk ; hdpf;fg;gLtJ> Mizr;rl P b ; w;fhf tpz;zg;gpf;fpd;w cj;jpNahfj;ju;> mtu;fisg; guhkupg;gJ njhlu;ghd mjpf nghWg;Gf;fs; jd;dplk; xg;gilf;fg;gl;Ls;sikia jpUg;jpfukhd Kiwapy; ep&gpj;jjd; gpd;du; jpizf;fsj; jiythpdhyhFk;. mjhtJ Fwpjj ; cj;jpNahfj;ju; jha; / je;ij> rNfhjud;/ rNfhjup MfpNahUld; trpj;J tUtjhfTk; kw;Wk; mtu;fspd; ngaUf;F mbf;fb gzk; mDg;gg;gLtjhfTk; Nghjpa rhd;Wfs; fhzg;gLkplj;jhFk;. mirAk; my;yJ mirah nrhj;Jf;fs; cs;sdth; mjd; ngWkjp kw;Wk; mjd; %yk; fpilf;fpd;w tUkhdk; vt;tsT: jha;/ je;ij> rNfhjud;/ rNfhjupiag; guhkupg;gjw;F Mw;wYs;stUk; murhq;f NritapNyh my;yJ NtW epWtdnkhd;wpNyh Nrit nra;fpd;wtUkhd NtnwhU FLk;g mq;fj;jtu; ,y;iyah Nghd;w tplaq;fSk; jq;fp tho;tjidj; jPuk ; hdpg;gjpy; jhf;fk; nrYj;Jk;. jha;fF ; my;yJ je;ijf;F> ,d;Nwy; jha;f;Fk; je;ijf;Fk; nkhj;jkhf &. 300 my;yJ mjpYk; $ba tUkhdnkhd;W fpilf;Fkhapd;> my;yJ rNfhjud; rNfhjup njhopy; Guptjhapd; ,e;j mDruiz nghJthf toq;fg;gLtjpy;iy. ,e;j mDruiziaj; njhlu;eJ ; k; toq;f Ntz;Lkh vd;gjidj; jPuk ; hdpg;gjw;fhf jpizf;fsj; jiytu; my;yJ mtu; rhu;ghf gzpahw;Wfpd;w nghWg;G tha;ej ; cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jupd; tUlhe;j FLk;g epiyikapid kPsha;T nra;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 1:3:5 rNfhjhp vDk; gjj;jpy; tpjitr; rNfhjup xUtu; mlq;f khl;lhu;.

1:3:6 cj;jpNahfj;jupd; kPJ jq;fp thohj rpj;jp> rpj;jg;gh my;yJ mtHjk; Foe;ij Mf;pNahUf;F tpLKiw Mizr;rl P L ; cupik fpilahJ. tsu;gG ; g; gps;isf;F tpLKiw Mizr;rl P b ; id toq;f Ntz;baJ> tsu;gG ; g; gps;isia ,ja Rj;jpAld; tsu;jJ ; tUfpwhnud;W jpizf;fsj; jiytu; jpUg;jpaile;jhy; khj;jpuNkahFk;. 1:3:7 tUlnkhd;wpw;F &.7>410 my;yJ mjpYk; $ba tUlhe;j rk;gsj;ijg; ngWfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; tpthfk; nra;J nfhs;Sk; epjpahz;by; mtuJ tho;fi ; fj; Jizf;F tpLKiw Mizr;rl P L ; toq;Ffpd;w NghJ mtu; tpthfkhd jpdj;jpypUe;J me;j Mz;bNy kPjKs;s ehd;F khj fhyg;gFjpfspd; xt;nthU KOikahd fhyg;gFjpf;Fk; my;yJ mjpy; xU gFjpf;F xU tpLKiw Mizr;rl P L ; Nrhb tPjNk toq;fg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. vt;thwhapDk; mt;thW tho;fi ; fj; Jizf;F toq;fg;gLfpd;w Mizr;rl P L ; f;fspd; vz;zpf;ifAk;; cj;jpNahfj;jupd; jha;fF ; / je;ijf;F> rNfhjuDf;F/ rNfhjupf;F me;j Mz;bNy mjw;F Kd;du; 1.3.2 Mk; cg gpuptpd; fPo; Mizr;rl P L ; f;fs; toq;fg;gl;bUg;gpd;> mt;thizr; rPlL ; f;fspd;
213

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njhifapidAk; $l;Lfpd;w NghJ mtUf;F me;j Mizr;rl P L ; Nrhbfspd; vz;zpf;ifiaj; jhz;lf; $lhJ.

Mz;bw;Fupj;Js;s

1:3:8 cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtUf;F ntspehL nry;tjw;fhf tpLKiw toq;Ffpd;w NghJ ,yq;ifapYs;s mtuJ FLk;g mq;fj;jtu;fSf;F 1.1 Mk; cg gpuptpd; gpufhuk; tpLKiw Mizr;rl P b ; id ngw;Wf;nfhs;s cupikAz;L. mt;thNw ,yq;iff;F kPzL ; k; te;jTld; me;j cj;jpNahfj;jUf;Fk; tpLKiw Mizr;rl P L ; toq;f KbAk;. 1:4 fztd;> kidtp Mfpa ,UtUk; murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;ju;fshFkplj;J mt;tpUtUk; jdpjj ; dpNa jj;jkf;nfd Mizr;rl P b ; idg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;Sk; chpj;njhd;W fhzg;gl;L> mt;tpUtUf;FNkh my;yJ mth;fspy; xUtUf;Nfh jj;jk; tho;fi ; fj; Jizf;Fk; Mizr; rPli ; lg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s chpj;njhd;Wk; fhzg;gl;L> mt;tpUtUf;FNkh my;yJ mth;fspy; xUtUf;Nfh murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUth; vd;w tifapYs;s chpikapd; mbg;gilapy; Mizr;rl P L ; f;fisg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;Fg; gjpyhf mLj;j cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; tho;fi ; fj; Jiz vd;w mbg;gilapy; cs;s cupikapd; kPJ Mizr; rPlL ; f;fisg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;F tpUg;gk; njuptpf;f KbAk;. ,t;thW tpUg;gk; njuptpf;f Ntz;baJ> xU epjpahz;bd; Muk;gj;jpNyNaahFk;. mt;thW njuptpjj ; tpUg;gj;jpid me;j Mz;bNy kPzL ; k; ,uj;J nra;a KbahJ. vLj;Jf;fhl;L: fztd; 1 Mk; tFg;gpy; gazk; nra;tjw;F xU Nrhb Mizr; rPlL ; f;fSf;Fk; kw;Wk; kidtp 2 Mk; tFg;gpy; gazk; nra;tjw;F 3 Nrhb Mizr;rl P L ; fSf;Fk; cupj;Jilath;fshfTs;s NghJ> ,t;tpuz;L cupikfspdJk; gaid mDgtpf;fj; jf;fthW Nkw;gb tpUg;gj;ijj; njuptpf;f KbahJ. cjhuzkhf %d;W Nrhb Mizr;rl P L ; f;fisg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;sntd jdf;Fs;s cupikapid jf;f itj;Jf; nfhs;fpd;w mNj Neuk; 1 Mk; tFg;gpy; gazk; nra;tjw;fhd Mizr;rl P b ; idAk; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;fhd tpUg;gj;ijj; njuptpg;gjw;F kidtpf;F KbahJ. 1:4:1 cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtUf;F jdf;Fs;s cupik> tho;fi ; fj; Jiz vd;w tifapyhd cupik Mfpa ,uz;bidAk; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s KbahJ. mtUf;Fg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s KbtJ me;j ,uz;by; VNjDk; xd;iw khj;jpuNk MFk;. 1:4:2 fztd;> kidtp ,UtUk; jw;fhypf Copau;fshFkplj;Jk; my;yJ ehl;rk;gsj;ijg; ngWfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;ju;fshFkplj;Jk;> mth;fspy; xUtUf;F gazk; nra;tjw;FhpjJ ; s;s tFg;ghdJ kw;iwatUf;F gazk; nra;a chpj;Js;s tFg;gpypUe;J tpj;jpahrg;gLkplj;Jk;> fztd; kidtp ,UtUk; xNu Kiwapy; gazk; nra;fpd;w NghJ mt;tpUtUf;Fk; Nkw;Fwpj;j ,uz;L tFg;Gf;fspYk; Nkyhd tFg;gpw;Fhpa Mizr; rPli ; l toq;f KbAk;. vdpDk; jdpahf nry;fpd;w NghJ mtUf;F chpj;jhtJ jdf;Fupa tFg;gpw;fhd Mizr;rl P Nl MFk;. jw;fhypf my;yJ ehl;rk;gsk; ngWfpd;w xUtupd; gps;isf;F tpLKiw Mizr;rl P L ; ngWtjw;fhd chpj;Jf; fpilahJ. 1:4:3 tpLKiw Mizr;rl P L ; cupj;Js;s ; cs;@uhl;rp kd;wk; xd;wpy; my;yJ murhq;ff; $l;Lj;jhgdk; xd;wpy; gzpahw;Wfpd;w tho;fi ; fj; JiznahUth; cs;s; murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtUf;F Nkw;Fwpj;j Vw;ghLfs; Vw;GiladthFk;. 1:5 rl;lg;gb gpupe;j tho;fi ; fj; fj; Jizfs; - rl;lg;gb gpupe;j xU tho;fi ; fj; Jiz tpthfkhfhjtuhfNt fUjg;gLthh;. Mizr;rl P L ; xd;wpw;fhf tpz;zg;gpf;fpd;w NghJ jhd; rl;lg;gb gpupe;Js;stnud mtu;; Fwpg;gpLjy; Ntz;Lk;. mj;jifa ngw;Nwhhpd; gps;isnahUtUf;F mtupd; rl;luPjpahd nghWg;Gf;Fupa cupik khj;jpuNk fpilf;Fk;.
214

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2.

Mizr;rl P b ; w;F tpz;zg;gpj;jYk; Mizr;rl P i ; l toq;fYk;

2:1 tpz;zg;gg; gbtk; tpLKiw Mizr;rl P n ; lhd;wpidg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;tjw;fhd tpz;zg;gj;ij> nghJ 21 gbtj;jpy; jdJ jpizf;fsj; jiytuplk; rku;g;gpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtupd; FLk;g mq;fj;jtu;fSf;F Mizr;rl P n ; lhd;wpidf; NfhUfpd;w NghJ mt;tpz;zg;gj;jpy; ngau; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;stu;fSf;F ,t;nthOq;F tpjpfspd; fPo; Nfhug;gl;Ls;s Mizr;rl P L ; f;fs; cupj;Jilait vd;gjw;fhd cWjpnkhop xd;Wk; mt;tpz;zg;gj;Jld; ,izf;fg;gl;bUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 2:2 fztd;> kidtp ,UtUk; murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;ju;fshFkplj;J> fztd; my;yJ kidtpapdhy; mtu;fSf;fhf my;yJ mtu;fspd; Foe;ijfSf;fhf Gifapuj Mizr;rl P b ; w;F tpzz ; g;gpf;Fk; NghJ mt;tpz;zg;gj;jpid xg;gilf;f Ntz;baJ fztu; njhopy; Gupfpd;w mYtyfj;jpd; jiytUf;fhFk;. 2:3 gps;isfs; - %d;W tajpw;F Fiwe;j gps;isnahd;wpw;F tpLKiw Mizr;rl P n ; lhd;W toq;fg;glyhfhJ. %d;W taijj; jhz;batUk; 12 tajpw;Ff; Fiwe;jtUkhd gps;isnahd;wpw;F toq;fg;gl Ntz;baJ miu Mizr;rl P nlhd;W khj;jpuNkahFk;. 2:4 NghjYk;> tUjYk; xNu gazj;jpd; gFjpahf mikfpd;w NghjpYk; $l Ngha; tUfpd;w mt;tpU gazq;fSf;fhfTk; jdpj;jdpNa Mizr;rl P n ; lhd;W toq;fg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. 2:5 xt;Nthh; Mizr;rl P b ; Yk; gazj; jpfjp gpuj;jpNafkhff; Fwpg;gplg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. toq;fg;gLfpd;w jpfjpf;Fk; gazpf;fpd;w jpfjpf;Fk; ,ilapyhd fhy ,ilntsp> 2:7 Mk; cg gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s tpjptpyf;fpw;Fl;gl;L 14 ehl;fisj; jhz;lyhfhJ. 2:6 vt;thwhapDk;> Mizr;rl P b ; y; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s gazj; jpfjpf;F Ke;jpa 07 ehl;fSf;Fs;NsNah my;yJ mjw;Fg; gpe;jpa 07 ehl;fSf;Fs;NsNah Mizr;rl P n ; lhd;wpid gad;gLj;j KbAk;. 2:7 Kd;$l;bNa Mrd trjpfisg; gjpT nra;J nfhs;s Kbe;j re;ju;gg ; q;fspy; (mjhtJ cwq;fy;; miw> fz;fhl;rpf; $lk;> Fsp&l;lg;gl;l miw vd;gd) Mizr;rl P n ; lhd;W toq;fg;gLfpd;w egUf;F nry;fpd;w gazj;jpw;fhf Mrdq;fis Kd;$l;bNa xJf;fpf; nfhs;fpd;w NghNj jpUk;gp tUfpd;w gazj;jpw;fhfTk; Kd;$l;bNa Mrdq;fis xJf;fpf; nfhs;tij ,ayr; nra;tjw;fhf jpUk;gp tUtjw;nfd toq;fg;gLfpd;w Mizr;rl P b ; y;> mt;thizr;rl P L ; toq;fg;gLfpd;w jpfjpapypUe;J 28 ehl;fisj; jhz;lhj ehs; xd;wpid gazj; jpfjpahff; Fwpg;gpl KbAk;. 2:8 Gifapuj Mizr;rl P i ; l ngw;W gazk; nra;jYk; Gifapuj xOq;F tpjpfSf;F cl;gl;bUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.

3.

gad;gLj;jg;glhj P L ; f;fs; kw;Wk; gazr; rPlL ; f;fs; lhj Mizr;rl

3:1 gad;gLj;jg;glhj Mizr;rl P n ; lhd;W mJ gad;gLj;jg;gl KbAkhapUe;j ,Wjp ehspypUe;J %d;W ehl;fs; nry;tjw;F Kd;du; mjid toq;fpa mjpfhupf;F jpUg;gp mDg;gg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. 3:2 gad;gLj;jg;glhj gazr; rPln ; lhd;W mJ toq;fg;gl;l jpfjpf;F mLj;j ehs; foptjw;F Kd;du; Mizr;rl P b ; id toq;fpa mjpfhupf;F jpUg;gp mDg;gg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;.
215

mj;jpahak; XVI

Mizr;rl P n ; lhd;wpw;fhf toq;fg;gl;L gad;gLj;jg;glhj gazr;rl P n ; lhd;W gad;gLj;jg;gl;l gazr;rl P n ; lhd;whff; fUjg;gLk;. vdpDk; gad;gLj;jg;glhjJk;> jhgd tpjpf; Nfhitapd; xiii Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; 4.2 cg gpuptpd; fPo; Gifapuj nghJ KfhikahsuplkpUe;J ngWkjp tuT itf;fg;gl;lJkhd gazr;rl P n ; lhd;Wf;Fg; gjpyhf Gjpa gazr; rPln ; lhd;wpid toq;f KbAk;. gad;gLj;jg;glhj gazr;rl P n ; lhd;wpy; Gifapuj epiyaj;jpd; flikf;Fg; nghWg;ghd cj;jpNahfj;jupdhy; Fwpg;nghd;wplg;gly;; fl;lhakhdnjd mt;tj;jpahaj;jpd; 4.1 Mk; cg gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sJ. mf;Fwpg;gpd;wp tpLKiw Mizr;rl P n ; lhd;wpw;fhf toq;fg;gl;l gad;g ; Lj;jg;glhj gazr;rl P n ; lhd;wpw;fhd ngWkjpapid tuT itf;Fk; gzpapid Gifapuj nghJ Kfhikahsu; Nkw;nfhs;s khl;lhu;. mt;thwhd re;ju;gg ; j;jpy; Gifapujj; jpizf;fsj;jpw;F ,uj;J nra;tjw;fhd fl;lzNkJk; nrYj;jg;gltpUg;gpd; mjid Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;ju; nrYj;Jjy; Ntz;Lk;. 3:3 gFjpasT gad;gLj;jg;gLjy; - cz;ikahfg; gazk; nra;fpd;w egu;fspd; vz;zpf;ifia tplf; $Ljyhd njhiff;Nfh my;yJ mtu;fs; gazk; nra;aTs;s ,lj;jpw;F mg;ghYs;s Xu; ,lj;jpw;Nfh Mizr;rl P n ; lhd;wpid vOjf; $lhJ. vdpDk;> vjpu;ghuhj #o;epiy fhuzkhf Mizr;rl P b ; y; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s vz;zpf;ifapYk; Fiwthd njhifapdH gpuahzk; nra;Akplj;J cz;ikahfg; gazk; nra;fpd;w egu;fspd; njhifapid Mizr;rl P i ; lAilath; mt;thizr;rl P b ; d; Kfg;gpy; Fwpg;gpl;Lf; ifnahg;gk; ,Ljy; Ntz;Lk;. toq;fg;gl;l Mizr;rl P b ; w;F tpz;zg;gpj;j cj;jpNahfj;ju; mt;thizr;rl P b ; idAilatuy;yhj re;ju;gg ; j;jpy; mt;thizr;rl P i ; lAilatUf;F ,J gw;wp mwptpf;f Ntz;baJ mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jupd; nghWg;ghFk;. 3:4 tpLKiw Mizr;rl P n ; lhd;wpd; ngWkjp kPsr; nrYj;jg;gl khl;lhJ.

4. Mizr;rl P L ; f;fs; kw;Wk; KiwNflhf KiwNflhfg; Nflhfg; gad;gLj;Jjy;.

gazr;rl P L ; f;fs;

vd;gtw;wpid

4:1 gazr;rl P i ; lhd;iw NtnwhUtUf;F ifkhw;w Kbahnjd; Mizr;rl P n ; lhd;wpw;fhf toq;fg;gLfpd;w gazr;rl P n ; lhd;wpid Mizr;rl P b ; Ny ngau; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sth;fSf;F khj;jpuk; mt;thizr; rPlL ; f;fspy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s ,lq;fs; kw;Wk; fhyk; vd;gtw;wpd; vy;iyfSf;Fl;gl;l tifapy; gad;gLj;j KbAk;. 4:2 Mizr;rl P n ; lhd;wpid my;yJ gazr;rl P n ; lhd;wpid NtnwhUtUf;Ff; ifkhw;wk; nra;jy; my;yJ mijg; gad;gLj;j Ntz;ba jpfjpf;F gpd;duhdnthU ehspy; my;yJ Gifapujg; ghijapy; ghtpf;fg;gl Kbahj xU gFjpapy; ghtpg;gjd; %yk; mjid KiwNflhf gad;gLj;Jkplj;J mt;thW gad;gLj;Jk; egh; tof;Fj; njhlug;gLtjw;Nfh my;yJ xOf;fhw;W eltbf;if Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLtjw;Nfh cl;gl;ltuhfpwhH;. 4:3 murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUthpy;; jq;fp thOk; xUtu; Nkw;$wpathW gazr;rl P n ; lhd;wpid my;yJ Mizr;rl P n ; lhd;wpid KiwNflhfg; gad;gLj;Jkplj;J> mt;thW jq;fp thOgtu; jdf;Ff; fpilf;f Ntz;bAs;s mLj;j %d;W tpLKiw Mizr;rl P L ; f;fisAk; ,of;f NeupLk;. mt;thNw mj;jtwpid ,ioj;j jpdj;jpypUe;J xU tUl fhyj;jpw;F vf;fhuzk; nfhz;Lk; mtUf;F tpLKiw Mizr;rl P n ; lhd;wpid toq;ff; $lhJ. xU Nrhb Mizr;rl P L ; khj;jpuk; cupj;Jila murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtupy; jq;fp thOk; xUtuhapd; mLj;j epjpahz;bd; Mizr;rPlL ; r; Nrhb xd;W mtUf;F chpj;jhfhJ. 4:4 murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; gazr; rPln ; lhd;wpid my;yJ Mizr;rl P n ; lhd;wpid KiwNflhfg; gad;gLj;Jkplj;J> mj;jtW gjtp ePff ; k; nra;ag;gLkstpw;Fg; ghuJ}ukhd xd;whf ,Uf;fhtplj;J> mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jUf;F mLj;J fpilf;f Ntz;bAs;s %d;W tpLKiw Mizr;rl P L ; f;fis mtu; ,of;f Ntz;b NeupLk;. (NtW vitNaDk;; jz;lidfs; tpjpf;fg;gl;bUg;gpd; mtw;wpw;F
216

mj;jpahak; XVI

NkyjpfkhfNt mt;thW nra;ag;gLk;.) Fw;wkpioj;j jpfjpapypUe;J xUtUl fhyk; KbtilAk; tiuapy; mtUf;F Mizr;rl P n ; lhd;W toq;fg;glf; $lhJ. xU Nrhb Mizr;rl P L ; khj;jpuk; cupj;Jila murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;ju;; xUtuhapd; mtUf;F mLj;j epjp Mz;bNy Mizr;rl P L ; Nrhbnahd;W chpj;jhfhJ.

5.

mwpf;iffs; kw;Wk; fzf;fl P L ; eilKiwfs;

5:1 jpizf;fsj;jpd; xt;nthU cj;jpNahfj;jUf;Fk; toq;fg;gLfpd;w tpLKiw Mizr;rl P ;Lf;fs; njhlu;ghf rupahd KiwapYk; KOikahfTk; gjpNtnlhd;wpidg; Ngzp tUjy; jpizf;fsj; jiytupd; nghWg;ghFk;. 5:1:1 ,lkhw;wk; nra;ag;gl;l cj;jpNahfj;ju;fs; - cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; xU jpizf;fsj;jpypUe;J NtnwhU jpizf;fsj;jpw;F ,lkhw;wk; nra;ag;gl;Ls;s re;jh;gg ; j;jpy;> mth; gzpahw;wpa jpizf;fsj;jpd; jiytH mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jUf;F me;epjpahz;by; tpepNahfpf;fg;gl;l tpLKiw Mizr;rl P L ; f;fs; njhlh;ghd tpguq;fis Gjpa jpizf;fsj;jpd; jiytUf;F mwptpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. ,t;tpguj;ij mwptpj;jDg;Gfpd;w fbjj;jpd; ,yf;fj;ijAk; jpfjpiaAk; mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jh; gzpahw;wpa jpizf;fsj;jpd; Mtzj;jpy; Fwpg;gply; Ntz;Lk;. mt;thNw mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jh; ,lkhw;wk; nra;ag;gl;l jpizf;fsj;jpd; Mtzj;jpYk; fpilf;fg;ngw;w jfty;fs;; Fwpg;gplg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 5:2 gw;Wr;rl P L ; f;fis mDg;Gjy; gazr;rl P b ; id toq;fg;gl;l Mizr;rl P L ; f;fNshL kw;Wk; Gifapujk; V.vg; 204 vd;w gbtj;jpy; ,uz;L gpujpfspy; vOjg;gl;l gw;Wr;rl P n ; lhd;w ; pidAk; gzj;ij nrYj;Jtjw;Fg; nghWg;ghfTs;s jpizf;fsj;jpd; jiytUf;F Gifapuj jpizf;fsk; thuhe;jk; mDg;gp itj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. gw;Wr;rl P b ; d; tyJ gf;f Nky; %iyapy; fpilf;fg;ngw Ntz;ba nkhj;jj; njhif kw;Wk; Gifapujj; jpizf;fsj;jpd; gw;Wr;rl P L ; Mtzj;jpd; njhlu;G ,yf;fk; vd;gtw;wpidf; Fwpg;gpLjy; Ntz;Lk;. 5:2:1 murhq;fj;jpw;F itg;Gr; nra;ag;gl;Ls;s epjpaq;fSf;F gw;whf itf;fg;gl Ntz;ba Mizr;rl P L ; f;fis (xiii Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; 2.2 Mk; cg gpuptpidg; ghu;ff ; Tk;.) kw;iwa Mizr;rl P L ; f;fis mDg;Gk; tpjj;jpNyNa jdpahf mDg;Gjy; Ntz;Lk;. 5:2:2
kd;wk; xd;wpdhy; toq;fg;gLfpd;w Mizr;rl P n ; lhd;W kd;wj;jpwF ; mNjtpjj;jpy; mDg;gp itf;fg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;.

5:3 nfhLg;gdT - Gifapujj; jpizf;fsj;jplkpUe;J Mizr;rl P L ; f;fs; kw;Wk; gw;Wr;rl P L ; f;fs; vd;gd fpilj;jTld;> jpizf;fsj; jiytu; mt;tidj;J Mizr;rl P L ; f;fisAk; gw;Wr; rPlL ; f;fisAk; ed;F ghprPypf;fr; nra;jy;; Ntz;Lk;. tpLKiwf;fhy Mizr;rl P L ; f;fs; njhlu;gpy; 5.1 Mk; cg gpuptpy; tpjpf;fg;gl;Ls;s Mtzj;NjhL xg;gPL nra;ag;glYk; Ntz;Lk;. Gifapujj; jpizf;fsk; mwtpLfpd;w fl;lzq;fs; rupahditah vdj; Njitf;Nfw;g gazpfs; fl;lzg; Gj;jfj;Jld; my;yJ nghUs; fl;lzg; Gj;jfj;Jld; xg;gpl;L rupghu;j;Jf; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. ,ilapilNa guPlr ; pj;J mt;thW guPlr ; pf;fg;gl;l Mizr;rPlL ; f;fs; kw;Wk; gw;Wr;rl P L ; f;fs; vd;gtw;wpd; njhlu; ,yf;fq;fis mjw;fhfg; Ngzptug;gLfpd;w gjpNtnlhd;wpNy Fwpj;Jf; nfhs;Sjy; ,jd;NghJ NghJkhdjhFk;. mjd; gpd;du; m jpizf;fsq;fs; mg;gw;Wr;rl P L ; f;fis jkJ khjhe;j fzf;fpy; itj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. kw;iwa jpizf;fsq;fs; mj;njhif nryT itf;fg;gl Ntz;ba jiyg;G> epfo;rr ; pj; jpl;lk;> fUj;jpl;lk;> nrytpdj; jiyg;Gf; FwpaPL kw;Wk; gq;fL P vd;gtw;wpidf; Fwpg;gpl;L nghJ 122 gbtj;jpy; vOjg;gl;l gupkhw;Wf; fl;lis xd;Wld; gw;Wr;rl P L ; f;fspd; %yg; gpujpfis Gifapujj; jpizf;fsj;jpw;F kPs mDg;Gjy; Ntz;Lk;. mg;NghJ Gifapujj; jpizf;fsk; khjhe;j nghopg;Gf;f@lhf mtw;wpidf; fzf;fpy; itj;J> ,J rhh;ghf Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLfpd;w rfy gw;Wf;fisAk; me;je;jj; jpizf;fsq;fSf;F mwptpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. ,jd; NghJ khw;wy; fl;lisfs; ,ad;wsT ml;ltiz xd;whf jahhpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;.
217

mj;jpahak; XVI

xt;nthU gw;Wr;rl P b ; Yk; cs;slf;fg;gLs;s nkhj;j njhif gFjp gFjpahftd;wp> xNu jlitapy; fzf;fpy; itf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 5:3:1 gw;Wr;rl P L ; f;fisj; jPuf ; F ; k; gzpapid thuhe;jk; Nkw;nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk; vdf; fUjg;gLtjpy;iy. xU khjj;jpy; fpilf;fg; ngWfpd;w. midj;J gw;Wr;rl P L ; f;fisAk; mk;khjj;jpw;fhfj; jahhpf;fg;gl;l jpizf;fsg; nghopg;Gf;f ; spy; my;yJ gupkhw;Wf; fl;lisfspy; (re;jh;gg;jj ; pw;Nfw;g) cs;slf;Fjy; NghJkhdjhFk;.

218

mj;jpahak; XVII
rYifg; gUtg ; f;fs; fs; gUtg; gazr; rPlL
1. jifikfs; 2. gUtg gUtg;; gazr; rPlL ; f;fis fis gad;gLj;jhf; fhyf;nfL 3. njhopyhsh; gazr; rPlL ; f;fs; fs; 4. gazr; rPlL ; f; ; isj; jtwhfg; gad;gLj;jy; ff kPsf; ifaspj;jy; kw;Wk;

219

mj;jpahak; XVII
rYifg; gUtg; ; f;fs; fs; gUtg;gazr; azr; rPlL
1. jifikfs;

1:1 mj;jpahak; XIV ,d; gpupT 17 ,d; gb Giftz;b top Kjyhk; tFg;gpy;> ,uz;lhk; tFg;gpy; kw;Wk; %d;whk; tFg;gpy; gpuahzk; nra;tjw;F cupj;Jila epue;ju cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtUf;F jdJ ,y;yj;jpw;Fk; gzpGupAkplj;jpw;FkpilNa gpuahzk; nra;Ak;; nghUl;L rYifg; gUtg; gazr; rPlL ; f;fs; toq;fg;glyhk;. mt;thW gazr; rPlL ; f;fs; toq;fg;gl Ntz;baJ ,uz;L vy;iyfspYKs;s Mff;fpl;ba Gifapuj epiyaq;fs; tiuAkhFk;. tpUg;gj;jpw;Nfw;gj; jdf;Fg; gazk; nra;tjw;F cupj;Jila tFg;Gf;Ff; Fiwe;j tFg;nghd;wpy; gazk; nra;tjw;F rYif gUtr; rPlL ; f;fisg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtUf;F KbAk;. ; MapDk;> jdf;Fg; gazk; nra;tjw;F cupj;Jila tFg;igtpl cah;ej ; tFg;nghd;wpy; gazk; nra;tjw;F rYifg; gUt gazr; rPl;bidg; ngWtjw;fhd cupik fpilahJ. 1:2 xU tUl jpUg;jpfukhd Nritiag; G+h;jj ; p nra;Js;s jw;fhypf cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtUf;Fk;> mka yPTfisg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;Fhpj;Js;s ehl; rk;gsj;ijg; ngWfpd;w kw;Wk; mka epiyapYs;s cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtUf;Fk; mtuth;fF ; hpa tFg;gpy; gpuahzk; nra;tjw;fhd rYifg; gUtg; gazr; rPlL ; f;fis toq;f KbAk;. 1:3 tjptplj;Jf;Fk; Ntiyj;jsj;Jf;Fk; ,ilapyhd J}uj;jpdsT 20 iky;fspYk; FiwthapUg;gpd; %d;W khj fhy rYifg; gUt gazr; rPlL ; f;fs; toq;fg;gLk;. J}umsT 20 iky;fisj; jhz;Lkplj;J khjhe;j gazr;rl P L ; f;fs; toq;fg;gLk;;. jw;fhypf> ehl; rk;gs my;yJ mkag; gzpahsh;fSf;F toq;fg;gl Kbe;jit khjg; gUt gazr; rPlL ; f;fs; khj;jpuNkahFk;.

2. gUtg; gazr; rPlL ; f;fis fis kPsf; ifaspj;jy; kw;Wk; gad;gLj;jhf; hf; fhyf;nfL
2:1 cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUth; xU Nrit epiyaj;jpypUe;J NtnwhU Nrit epiyaj;Jf;F ,lkhw;wk; nra;ag;gLkplj;J my;yJ ,isg;ghWkplj;J my;yJ ,isg;ghWk; nghUl;L tpLKiwapy; nry;Ykplj;J my;yJ ( mtuJ Ntiy ,ilepWj;jk; nra;ag;gl;lik> ,uz;L khjq;fSf;Ff; $Ljyhd xU fhyj;jpw;F yPntLj;jik Nghd;w) ePzl ; fhyf;nfLnthd;wpw;F Nritf;F tUif ju Kbahkw; Nghfpd;w NtW #o;epiyfs; epyTkplj;J rYifg; gUt gazr; rPlL ; f;fis jpizf;fsj; jiytUf;F kPsf; ifaspj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. mt;thW kPsf; ifaspf;fg;gLfpd;w gazr; rPlL ; gad;gLj;jg;glhj fhyj;jpw;F mwtplg;gl Ntz;ba epjpia kPsr; nrYj;JkhW Nfhhp jpizf;fsj; jiyth; mg;gazr;rl P i ; l Gifapuj nghJ KfhikahsUf;F jpUg;gp mDg;gp itj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 2:2 mt;thW kPsspf;fg;gLfpd;w nkhj;jg; gzj;jpy; murhq;fj;Jf;F mwtplg;gl Ntz;ba gzk;> nghJ kjpg;gPlb ; ypUe;J rk;gsk; toq;f ; g;gLfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUth;; gw;wpanjdpy;> jpul;L epjpaj;jpw;F (jiyg;G II gy;ypd tuT) tuT itf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. Kw;gzf; fzf;fpypUe;J my;yJ fld; epjpaj;jpypUe;J rk;gsk; nfhLf;fg;gLfpd;w Xh; cj;jpNahfj;jh; gw;wpanjdpy;> Kw;gzf; fzf;fpd; my;yJ fld; epjpaj;jpd; Vw;Gila tplaj; jiyg;gpd; fPo; tuT itf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. kpFjpg; gzk; cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F kPsf; ifaspf;fg;gLk;

220

mj;jpahak; XVII

2:3 kPsspf;fg;gLfpd;w gzj;ij cj;jpNahfj;jh; gazr; rPli ; lg; ngw;Wf; nfhz;l Gifapuj epiyaj;jpy; itj;J kPsspg;gjw;F Gifapujj; jpizf;fsj;jpd; nghJ Kfhikahsh; mjpfhukspj;J me;epiyaj;jpy; itj;J mg;gzj;njhif ifaspf;fg;gLfpd;wik njhlh;ghf mth; cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F mwptpg;ghh;. khjhe;j gazr; rPlL ; f;fspd; gad;gLj;jg;glhj fhyf;nfLf;fs; rhh;ghf gzk; kPsf; ifaspf;fg;glkhl;lhJ.

3.

njhopyhsh; gazr; rPlL ; f;fs; fs;

3:1 ehl; rk;gsNkh my;yJ khjr; rk;gsNkh ngWgtUk;> nfhOk;gpy; njhopw;rhiyr; #o;epiyapy; gzpahw;WgtUkhd njhopyhspfSf;F tpNrl fl;lzj; njhiffSf;fika njhopyhsh; gazr; rPlL ; f;fis toq;f KbAk;.

4.

gazr; rPlL ; f;fisj; fisj; jtwhfg; gad;gLj;jy;

4:1 gUtg; gazr; rPln ; lhd;Nwh my;yJ njhopyhsh; gazr; rPln ; lhd;Nwh gad;gLj;jg;gl Ntz;baJ mg;gazr; rPlb ; y; ngah; Fwpf;fg;gl;Ls;s cj;jpNahfj;juhy; khj;jpuNkahFk;. mt;thNw mjpy; Fwpf;fg;gl;Ls;s Fwpj;j J}u vy;iyf;Fs; Fwpj;j fhyq;fspy; kl;LNk gad;gLj;jg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. ,g;gazr; rPlL ; f;fisf; ifkhw;wKbahJ. Giftz;bapy; gazk; nra;tjw;fhf ,j;jifa gUtg;gazr;rl P L ; f;fisg; gad;gLj;Jk; NghJ Giftz;bj; jpizf;fsj;jpdhy; toq;fg;gl;Ls;s tpNrl Nghy;lUk; rYifg; gUtg; gazr; rPlL ; k; cupikahsuplk; ,Uj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 4:2 ,g;gazr; rPlL ; f;fisj; jtwhfg; gad;gLj;Jfpd;wik> rYif cldbahf ePff ; g;glf; fhuzkhFk;. Giftz;bj; jpizf;fs ahg;gpd; fPOk; jpizf;fs tpjpf;fg;gLfpd;w jz;lidfSf;F Nkyjpfkhf xOf;fhw;W Mff; Fiwe;jJ Xuhz;L fhyNkDk; fopAk; tiu cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F ,r;rYifia mDgtpf;f ,lkspf;fg;glhJ. 4:3 vtNuDnkhUth; rYifg; gUtg; gazr; rPln ; lhd;iw my;yJ njhopyhsh; gazr; rPln ; lhd;iwj; jtwhfg; gad;gLj;jpAs;stplj;J mtUf;nfjpuhf jf;f xOf;fhw;W eltbf;if vLj;jw;nghUl;L> mJgw;wp Giftz;bj; jpizf;fsg; nghJ Kfhikahsh; chpa jpizf;fsj; jiytUf;F mwptpg;ghh;.

221

mj;jpahak; - XVIII
cj;jpNahfG+u; pNahfG+u;t tjptplq;fs;
1.

rdhjpgjp> gpujk mikr;ru; kw;Wk; rghehafu;

2. gpujk epjPauru; uru;

222

mj;jpahak; - XVIII
cj;jpNahfG+u; pNahfG+u;t tjptplq;fs;
1. NgZif

1:1 rdhjpgjp mtu;fspd;> gpujk mikr;rupd; kw;Wk; rghehafupd; cj;jpNahfG+u;t tjptplq;fis vg;NghJk; cupa KiwapYk;> juk;kpf;f tifapYk; murhq;f nrytpy; ed;F guhkupj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. mt;thNw mtw;wpw;Fj; Njitahd jsghlq;fs;> myq;fhug; nghUl;fs;> Nkir Nrhlidg; nghUl;fs;> gPqf ; hd; Nfhg;igfs;> fz;zhbf; Ftisfs;> fuz;bfs;> Ks;Sf; fuz;bfs;> fj;jpfs; kw;Wk; rikayiw cgfuzq;fs; vd;gtw;wpid Nghjpa mstpy; murhq;f nrytpy; ngw;Wf; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. 1:2 cile;j nghUl; nghUl;fSf;Fg; gjpyhf Gjpa nghUl;fis toq;Fjy; Ntz;Lnkd - murhq;f nrytpy; toq;fg;gLfpd;w rfy jsghlq;fs; kw;Wk; Vida nghUl;fs; vd;gd KOikahfg; Ngzg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. ,t;tpy;yq;fspy; tjpfpd;w fhyq;fspy; ahNuDk; xUtupdhy; VNjDnkhU nghUs; fhzhkyhf;fg;gLfpd;wtplj;J> my;yJ ghtidapd; NghJ rhjhuzkhf Vw;glf; $ba rpijT jtpu;ej ; NtW tpjj;jpyhd Nrjq;fs; Vw;gbd;; Fwpj;j egu; mjw;fhd el;lj;ij <Lnra;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 1:3 nghUl;gjpNtLk; nghUl;fisg; ; pj;jYk; isg; guPlr

1:3:1 rdhjpgjpatu; phpapdJk; rdhjpgjpatu;fspdJk; kw;Wk; gpujk ke;jphpap dJk; tjptplq;fs;; rdhjpgjpatu;fspdJk; kw;Wk; gpujk ke;jphpapdJk; tjptplq;fSf;F murhq;f nrytpy; toq;fg;gl;Ls;s midj;Jtpjkhd jsghlq;fs; kw;Wk; Vida nghUl;fs; vd;gd njhlu;ghf nghUl;gjpNtnlhd;wpid murhq;f toq;fy; gzpg;ghsh; Kiwahf jahhpj;Jg; NgzptUjy; Ntz;Lk;. mtu; Mff; Fiwe;jJ ,uz;L tUlq;fSf;F xUKiwNaDk; mj;jsghlq;fs; kw;Wk; Vida nghUl;fs; vd;gtw;wpidg; guPlr ; pj;J FiwghLfs; gw;wpa gl;banyhd;wpidj; jahupj;Jf; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. mjd; gpd;du; nghWg;ghAs;sth; mf;FiwghLfSf;Fupa ,og;gl P i ; lr; nrYj;Jjy; Ntz;Lk;. ghtidapd; NghJ rhjhuzkhf Vw;glf; $ba rpijT vd;gjpy; gPqf ; hd; Nfhg;igfs; my;yJ mtw;iwnahj;j mstpy; rpwpaitAk; vspjpy; cilgitAkhd nghUl;fs; cile;J NghtijNah gOjiltijNah cs;slf;fyhk;. vdpDk; ,ad;wsT Kd; mDgq;fis mbg;gilahff; nfhz;L mt;thW mDkjpf;ff;$ba mstpw;F tiuaiwnahd;iw tpjpjj ; y; Ntz;Lk;. rdhjpgjpatu;fs; my;yJ gpujk ke;jphp mtu;fs; gjtp tpyFk; NghJ Nkw;$wpa Kiwapyhd guPlr ; pj;jnyhd;W Nkw;nfhs;sg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 1:3:2 rghehafupd; tjptplk; - rghehafupd; tjptplj;jpy;; fhzg;gLfpd;w jsghlq;fs; kw;Wk; Vida nghUl;fspd; ghJfhg;G> mtw;wpid rpwe;j Kiwapy; Ngzp tUjy; vd;gd njhlu;ghf ghuSkd;wj;jpd; nrayhsu; ehafk; nghWg;Gf; $wy; Ntz;Lk;. vt;thwhapDk;> murhq;f toq;fy; gzpg;ghsu; jsghlq;fs; kw;Wk; Vida nghUl;fs; gw;wpa nghUl;gjpNtnlhd;wpidg; Ngzp tUtNjhL fhyj;jpw;Ff; fhyk; Neubg; ghpNrhjidfs;> ; tUlhe;j rhpgpioghh;g;Gf; fzf;nfLg;Gf;fs; Nghd;wtw;wpid Nkw;nfhz;L> FiwghLfspUg;gpd; mit gw;wp ghuSkd;wj;jpd; nrayhsu; ehafj;jpd; ftdj;jpw;Ff; nfhz;L tuy;; Ntz;Lk;. ghuhSkd;wj;jpd; nrayhsu; ehafk; nghUl; gjpNtl;bd;; gpujp xd;wpid murhq;f toq;fy; gzpg;ghsuplk; rku;gg ; pj;J> mg;gjpNtl;by;; Gjpjhfg; gjpe;j my;yJ gjptopj;j midj;J nghUl;fs; gw;wpAk; mtUf;F mwptpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. murhq;f toq;fy; gzpg;ghsupdhy; ghuhSkd;wj;jpd; nrayhsu; ehafj;jpw;F
223

mj;jpahak; XVIII

mwptpf;fg;gLfpd;w rfy FiwghLfs; gw;wpAk; ghuhSkd;w nrayhsh; ehafk; rghehafUf;F mwptpj;J mJ njhlu;ghf eltbf;if vLj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 1:4 mDkjpf;fg;gl;l nryTf; fl;Lg;ghL - ,t;tjptplq;fSf;F jsghlq;fs; kw;Wk; Vida nghUl;fisf; nfhs;tdT nra;tjw;fhf kjpg;gL P fspy; cs;slf;fg;gl;l epjp xJf;fL P fs; re;jh;gg ; j;jpw;Nfw;wthW rdhjpgjpatu;fs; my;yJ gpujk mikr;ru; my;yJ rghehafu; fhyj;jpw;F fhyk; toq;fg;gLfpd;w fl;lisfSf;fika epUtfpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 1:5 jkJ cj;jpNahfG+u;t tjptplj;jpw;fhf rdhjpgjpatu;fsplkpUe;Njh my;yJ gpujk ke;jphp mth;fsplkpUe;Njh my;yJ rghehafh; mth;fsplkpUe;Njh vJtpj thlifAk; mwtpl KbahJ. 2. gpujk ePjpaurupd; cj;jpNahfG+u; pNahfG+u;t tjptplk; 2:1 jdJ tjptplj;jpy; fhzg;gLfpd;w jsghlq;fSf;fhd thlifahf gpujk ePjpauru; jdJ rk;gsj;jpy; xU rjtPjj;jpidr; nrYj;Jjy; Ntz;Lk;. 2:2 gpujk ePjpaurupd; cj;jpNahfg+u;t tjptplk;; njhlu;gpYk; 1.2 kw;Wk; 1.3.1 Mfpa cg gpupTfspd; Vw;ghLfs; Vw;Gilj;jhFk;.

224

mj;jpahak; XIX
mur ,y;yq;fs;
1. tifg;gLj;jy;. 2. ,y;yq;fis epu;khzpj;jy;. 3. ,y;yq;fisj; jug;gLj;jy;. 4. ,y;yq;fis xJf;fpf; nfhLj;jy;. 4:1 4:2 4:3 4:4 ,y;yq;fisg; ngWtjw;fhd jifikfs;. Nju;en ; jLf;Fk; msTNfhy;fs;. Nju;en ; jLf;Fk; Kiw. ,y;yf; FOf;fs;.

5. ,y;y thlif. 6. Fj;jif epge;jidfs; idfs;. 7. jz;lidfs; idfs; 8. nghUl;gjpNtl; gjpNtl;il itj;jpUj;jy;. 9. cilikia cilikia kPsg;ngwy;.

225

mj;jpahak; XIX
mur ,y;yq;fs;
1. tifg;gLj;jy;
mur ,y;yq;fs; vDk; nrhw;nwhlh;> muR nghUj;jkhdij nra;af; $bajhf cs;sJk;> tjpTf;fhf xJf;fpf; nfhLf;fg;gLtJkhd ve;jnthU fl;bl tifiaAk; cs;slf;Fk;. rfy murhq;f ,y;yq;fSk;; ml;ltizg;gLj;jg;gl;l ,y;yq;fs; my;yJ nghJr; Nrit ,y;yq;fs; vDk; tifg;gLj;jiyr; rhUk;. 1:1 ml;ltizg;gLj;jg;gl;l ,y;yq;fs;: mikr;R xd;wpd; fPo; my;yJ jpizf;fsk; xd;wpd; fPo; VNjDnkhU eph;zapf;fg;gl;l gjtpf;F my;yJ juj;Jf;F xJf;fg;gl;l ,y;yq;fs; 1:2 nghJr; Nrit cs;slq;fhj ,y;yq;fs;. ,y;yq;fs;: ml;ltizg;gLj;jg;gl;l ,y;yq;fspy;

2. ,y;yq;fis epu;khzpjj ; y;
2:1 nfhOk;G efUf;F ntspNa nghJr; Nrit ,y;yq;fs; chpa khtl;lj;jpd; murhq;f mjpghpd; gzpg;Giuapd; fPo; epu;khzpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. jdJ khtl;lj;jpy; Nritapy; <Lgl;Ls;s cj;jpNahfj;ju;fSf;Fj; Njitahd nghJr; Nrit ,y;yq;fis epu;khzpjj ; y; gw;wpa MNyhridfis murhq;f mjpgH;> gpuNjr jpizf;fsj; jiytu;fSlDk; fye;Jiuahb fhyj;Jf;Ff; fhyk; nghJ epUthf mikr;rpd; nrayhsUf;F rkh;g;gpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. nfhOk;G efuj;jpDs; nghJr; Nrit ,y;yq;fis epu;khzpj;jy; nghJ epUthf mikr;rpd; nrayhsupd; nghWg;ghFk;. 2:2 ml;ltizf;Fl;gLj;jg;gl;l jpizf;fsj;jpd; xU gzpahFk;. ; ,y;yq;fis epu;khzpf;Fk; gzp cupa

2:3 midj;J mur ,y;yq;fSk; 2:3:1 Mk; gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s> mt;tj; juq;fspw;Fupa khjpupj; jpl;lq;fSf;Nfw;g mikjy; Ntz;Lk;. 2:3:1 khjpupj; jpl;l ,yf;fk; 57588 57587 57586 57068 57063 57512 juk; msT rJu mb 403 552 732 1,326 1,699 1,991

1 2 3 4 5 5V

226

mj;jpahak; XIX

3. ,y;yq;fisj; jug;gLj;jy;:
rfy murhq;f ,y;yq;fSk; mtw;iw ngWtjw;Fj; cj;jpNahfj;ju;fSf;Nfw;g gpd;tUkhW jug;gLj;jg;gLk;. 5V juk; 5 juk; 4k; juk; - tUlhe;jk; 31>200 cj;jpNahfj;ju;fs;. &ghTf;Ff; $ba jifikAila ngWfpd;w

rk;gsj;ijg;

- tUlhe;jk; 31>200 &ghTf;Ff; Nkw;glhj rk;gsj;ijg; ngWfpd;w gjtpepiy cj;jpNahfj;ju;fs;. - tUlhe;jk; 13>560 &ghTf;Ff; $ba rk;gsj;ijg; ngWfpd;w vOJeu; kw;Wk; mjw;Fr; rkkhd juq;fspy; cs;s Vida cj;jpNahfj;ju;fs;. - tUlhe;jk; 10>680 &ghTf;Ff; $ba NghjpYk;; 13>560 &ghtpYk;; Fiwe;j rk;gsj;ijg; ngWfpd;w vOJeu; kw;Wk; mjw;Fr; rkkhd juq;fspy; cs;s cj;jpNahfj;ju;fs;. - tUlhe;jk; 10>680 &ghTf;Ff; vOJeu; kw;Wk; mjw;Fr; cj;jpNahfj;ju;fs;. $lhj rk;gsj;ijg; ngWfpd;w rkkhd juq;fspy; cs;s rk;gsj;ijg; ngWfpd;w

3k; juk;

2k; juk;

1k; juk;

- tUlhe;jk; 9>780 &ghTf;Ff; $lhj njhopyhsu; ju cj;jpNahfj;ju;fs;.

4. ,y;yq;fis xJf;fpf; nfhLj;jy;:


nghJr;Nrit ,y;yq;fSk; ,ad;wsT nghUj;jkhdthW ml;ltizg;gLj;jg;gl;l ,y;yq;fSk; gpd;tUk; tpjpKiwfSf;F mikaNt xJf;fpf; nfhLf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. ml;ltizg;gLj;jg;gl;l ,y;yk; xd;iwg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;sj; jFjpAila cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu;: jdJ jiyikafj;jpy; jq;fpapUf;f Ntz;ba Njitay;yhj ntspf;fs cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu;. jdpepiy cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; (mjhtJ tpthfkhfhj> gps;isfs; ,y;yhj> tpjitnahUtu;/ jGjhuu; xUtu;> rl;lg;gb tpthfuj;Jg; ngw;W ve;jnthU gps;isiaAk; jd;nghWg;gpy; itj;Jf; nfhz;buhj cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu;) jdJ Nrit epiyaj;jpypUe;J Fwpg;gpl;l J}uj;jpDs; jdf;Fr; nrhe;jkhd> my;yJ jdJ tho;fi ; fj; Jizf;Fr; nrhe;jkhd my;yJ jdJ rpW guhaj;Jg; gps;isf;Fr; nrhe;jkhd tPL xd;W fhzg;gLfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu;. (me;je;j khtl;lq;fspy; cs;s Nghf;Ftuj;J trjpfisf; ftdj;jpw;nfhz;L> tPLfis xJf;fpf; nfhLf;Fk; mjpfhup Nkw;Fwpg;gpl;l J}u mstpidj; jPuk ; hdpf;f Ntz;Lk;.) ,lkhw;wk; ngwhepiy cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; kw;Wk; jdf;nfd tPnlhd;W xJf;fpf; nfhLf;fg;gbd;> jdJ FLk;gj;Jld; mt;tl P b ; y; trpg;gjw;fhf vjph;ghh;ff ; pd;w> jdJ FLk;gj;Jld; trpf;fhj cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu;. (mt;thwhd re;ju;gg ; q;fspy; tPnlhd;iw xJf;fpf; nfhLf;f Ntz;baJ Fwpg;gpl;l fhy vy;iyapDs; FbapUg;gjw;fhfj; jkJ FLk;gj;ij jUtpj;Jf;nfhs;s Ntz;LnkDk; epge;jidapd; mbg;gilapNyNa MFk;. mt;thW nra;ahtpbd; tPlb ; ypUe;J ntspNaWkhW mtUf;F cj;jutply; Ntz;Lk;.) 4:1:1 cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; 3 Mk; gpuptpw;fika> jdf;Ff; fpilf;fj; jFjptha;ej ; juj;jpw;Fhpa ,y;ynkhd;wy;yhj mjw;F Nkw;gl;l juj;jpw;Fhpa ,y;yk; gw;wp ftdj;jpw;nfhs;sg;gl khl;lhh;.
227

mj;jpahak; XIX

4:1:2 VNjDnkhU juj;jpyhd ,y;ynkhd;iw ngWtjw;Fj; jFjpahd cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; ,y;yhjtplj;J mt;tl P i ; l Fwpj;j juj;jpy; mlq;fhj cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtUf;F xJf;fpf; nfhLf;fyhk;. 4:2 NjHe;njLj;jy; epiyikfSf;Nfw;g. topfhl;ly;fs;:me;je;j khtl;lj;jpy; epyTfpd;w

fhj;jpUg;Gg; gl;baypy; ngau; Fwpg;gplg;gl;bUe;j fhyk;. gps;isfspd; vz;zpf;if (18 taJf;Ff; Fiwe;j Mz; gps;isfs; kw;Wk; tpthfkhfhj ngz; gps;isfs; khj;jpuk;) ; tho;fi ; fj;ju epiyik Kf;fpakhf NkhrkhftpUf;Fkplj;J> mijg;gw;wpAk; thlif tPnlhd;wpy; FbapUf;Fk; cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtuhapd;> mtupd; Nrit epiyaj;jpw;Fk; mtupd; tjptplj;Jf;Fkhd J}uk; njhlh;ghfTk;. cj;jpNahfj;jupdJ rhjhuz flikfspd; ,ay;gpw;N ; fw;g> mtu; Ntiy nra;Ak; ,lj;jpw;F mUfpy; trpj;jy; ,d;Nwy; ehshe;jNkh my;yJ mbf;fbNah ,uTf; flikf;fhf tuNtz;ba mtrpakh vd;w tplak;. cj;jpNahfj;jupd; gjtp epue;jukhdjh my;yJ jw;fhypfkhdjh vd;w tplak;. ele;J nry;y my;yJ Nghf;Ftuj;Jr; nra;a ,ayhj tpjj;jpyhd fLk; Nehapdhy; gPbf;fg;gl;bUj;jy; vd;w tplak;. Vida midj;Jf; fhuzpfSk; rkkhFkplj;J Ntz;baJ gjtp %g;gpd; mbg;gilapNyNa MFk;. ; ,Wjp KbT vLf;fg;gl

4:2:1 NkNy $wpa fhuzpfSf;Nfw;g cj;jpNahfj;ju;fisj; njupT nra;tjw;fhf ,y;yq;fis xJf;Ffpd;w mjpfhup 18 Mk; gpd;dpizg;gpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sthwhd Gs;sp toq;Fk; Kiwnahd;iwj; jahu; nra;Jnfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;.
T T T T T T

4:2:2 nghJ epUthf mikr;rpd; nrayhsupdhy; epUtfpf;fg;gLfpd;w nfhOk;gpYs;s 5V> 5> 4> 3 kw;Wk; 2 Nghd;w juq;fSf;Fupa mur ,y;yq;fs; Fwpj;njhJf;fg;gly; mt;tt;tpy;y ; q;fspd; juq;fSf;fhfg; Ngzg;gl;L tUfpd;w fhj;jpUg;Gg; gl;baypd; njhlnuhOq;F Kiwf;F Vw;gNt Nkw;nfhs;sg;gly; Ntz;Lk;.. 4:3 Nju;en ; jLf;Fk; Kiw - Nju;en ; jLg;gjw;fhf NkNy Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sthW ftdj;jpw;nfhs;sg;gl Ntz;ba midj;J tplaq;fSld;> me;je;jg; gpuNjrq;fSf;Nf chpj;jhd tpNrl fhuzpfs; vd;gd njhlu;ghd jfty;fis ntspg;gLj;jpf;nfhs;sf; $bathwhd mq;ff P hpf;fg;gl;l tpzz ; g;gg; gbtj;jpd; khjpupnahd;iw ,y;yq;fis xJf;fpf;nfhLf;fpd;w mjpfhup jahupj;Jf; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. khtl;lj;jpd; midj;Jj; jpizf;fsq;fSf;Fk;> cg mYtyfq;fSf;Fk; ,k;khjpupg; gbtq;fis toq;Fjy; Ntz;Lk;. 4:3:1 tpz;zg;gg; gbtk; ifaspf;fg;gl Ntz;baJ cj;jpNahfj;ju; Nrit nra;fpd;w jpizf;fsj;jpd; my;yJ cg mYtyfj;jpd; jiytu;fSlhfNtahFk;. tpz;zg;gg; gbtj;jpYs;s tplaq;fs; cz;ikahditnad cWjpg;gLj;j Ntz;baJ me;epWtdj; jiytupd; nghWg;ghFk;. 4:3:2 jd;dhy; rkh;g;gpf;fg;gl;l tplaq;fs; rupahdit vdTk; gpioahd $w;nwhd;wpidj; njuptpj;jhy; jdf;nfjpuhf xOf;fhw;W eltbf;if vLf;f KbAnkdj; jhd; mwpe;jpUg;gjhfTk; cj;jpNahfj;juhy; njhptpf;fg;gLfpd;w cWjpnkhop xd;wpid tpz;zg;gg; gbtj;Jld; ,izj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.
228

mj;jpahak; XIX

4:3:3 tpz;zg;gg;gj;jpuk; xt;nthd;Wk; fpilf;fg; ngw;wTld;> ,y;yq;fis xJf;fpf; nfhLf;fpd;w mjpfhupapdhy; fhj;jpUg;Gg; gl;baypy; ngau; gjpag;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 4:3:4 xt;Nthh; ,y;yj; juj;Jf;Fk; jdpj;jdpahf fhj;jpUg;Gg; gl;bay;fisg; Ngzp tUjy; Ntz;Lk;. 4:3:5 vtNuDNkhh; cj;jpNahfj;jh; epakdnkhd;W> gjtp cah;nthd;W> ,lkhw;wnkhd;W my;yJ rk;gs mjpfupg;nghd;W fpilf;Fnkd vjpu;ghu;jJ ; my;yJ vtNuDNkhH cj;j ; pNahfj;ju; Gjpa gjtpnahd;wpy;> junkhd;wpy; my;yJ Nrit epiyankhd;wpy; cz;ikahfNt Ntiyfisg; nghWg;Ngw;f Kd;du; mDg;gp itf;fpd;w tpz;zg;gq;fisg; gjpT nra;af; $lhJ. 4:3:6 VNjDNkhH ,y;yj; juk; gw;wpa fhj;jpUg;Gg; gl;baypy; jdJ ngau; cs;thq;fg;gl;Ls;s cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu;> rk;gs mjpfupg;G Nghd;w tplak; fhuzkhf NtW juj;jpw;fhd tPnlhd;iwg; ngwj; jifik ngWkplj;J mtuJ Gjpa juj;Jf;Fg; nghUj;jkhd fhj;jpUg;Gg; gl;baYf;Fj; jdJ ngaiu khw;WkhW Ntz;LNfhs; tpLf;f Ntz;Lk;. mt;thwhd re;ju;gg ; q;fspy;> mt;thW khw;Wtjw;F Kd; jdJ fhj;jpUg;Gg; gl;baypy; jdJ ngau; Fwpg;gplg;gl;bUe;j fhyk; njhlu;ghf cj;jpNahfj;ju; ngw;Wf;nfhz;Ls;s Gs;spfisAk; Kd;nfhz;L nry;yy;Ntz;Lk;. (NtW tpjkhff; Fwpg;gpLtjhapd;> ; Gjpa fhj;jpUg;Gg; gl;baypy jpfjpahff; Fwpg;gplg;gl Ntz;baJ> Kjy; fhj;jpUg;Gg; gl;lbaypy; gjpT nra;ag;gl;bUe;j mNj jpfjpahFk;). 4:3:7 ,k;Kiwf;Nfw;g cj;jpNahfj;nuhUth; cioj;Jf; nfhz;Ls;s Gs;spfisAk; Nkw;Fwpj;j gjpNtl;by; Fwpg;gpl Ntz;Lnkd;gNjhL ,y;ynkhd;W ntwpjhf;fg;gl mz;kpj;j ehl;fspy; mg;Gs;spfisf; $l;Ljy; Ntz;Lk;. 4:3:8 jdf;Ff; fpilj;Js;s Gs;spfspdJk; jd;idg; gw;wp gjpNtl;by; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s tpguq;fspdJk; cz;ikj; jd;ikia jhNd cWjpahf mwpe;J nfhs;Sk; nghUl;L> ,y;ynkhd;iwg; ngw;Wf; nfhLg;gjw;F cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtiuj; Nju;en ; jLg;gjw;F Kd;dh;> fhj;jpUj;jy; gl;baypy; gjpT nra;ag;gl;Ls;s ve;jNthH cj;jpNahfj;jUf;Fk; mg;gl;baiyg; guPlr ; pj;Jg; ghu;ff ; ,lq;nfhLj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. jd;idg; gw;wpf; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s tpguq;fspy; VNjDk; Kuz;ghbUg;gpd; mJ gw;wpAk; my;yJ NtnwhU tpz;zg;gjhuh; gpioahd jfty;fis toq;fpapUe;jhy; mit gw;wpAk; tPLfis xJf;Fk; mjpfhupf;F mwptpg;gJ Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jupd; flikahFk;. 4:3:9 jdf;nfd xJf;fpj; jug;gl;l ,y;ynkhd;iw VNjDnkhU fhuzj;Jf;fhf cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtH epuhfupj;jhy; mtupd; ngaiuf; fhj;jpUg;Gg; gl;baypd; ,Wjpapy; gjpjy; Ntz;Lk;. 4:4 ,y;yf; FO: ,y;yq;fis xJf;fpf;nfhLf;fg; nghUj;jkhdtu;fisj; njupT nra;tjw;fhd MNyhridfisg; ngWtjw;F ,y;yf; F ; Onthd;W Njitnad ,y;yq;fis xJf;Fk; mjpfhup fUJkplj;J mtUf;F mt;thW ,y;yf;F ; O xd;iwj; Nju;en ; jLj;Jf;nfhs;s KbAk;. Gs;spfs; toq;fg;gLk; Kiwapd; nghwpKiwg; ghtidahy; ghuJ}ukhdJk;. njspthdJkhd mePjnkhd;W epfOkhapd; khj;jpuk; Gs;sp toq;Fk; KiwapypUe;J NtWgl;l khw;W Kiwnahd;iwf; ifahSkhW ghpe;Jiu nra;a ,y;yf; FOTf;F KbAk;. 4:4:1 kpf tpNrl fhuzq;fspUg;gpd; jhgdg; gzpg;ghshpd; Kd;dDkjpAld;> njhpT nra;jy; Nkw;$wpa tpjpKiwfSf;Fg; Gwk;ghd Kiwapyhd khw;W topKiwnahd;iwg; gpd;gw;Wtjw;F ,y;yj;ij xJf;fpf; nfhLf;Fk; mjpfhupf;F chpikAz;L.

229

mj;jpahak; XIX

5. ,y;y thlif.
5:1 mur ,y;ynkhd;wpy; trpg;gjw;fhf rk;gsj;jpypUe;J gpd;tUkhW thlif mwtplg;gLk;. 5:2 ml;ltizg;gLj;jg;gl;l cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu;. ,y;ynkhd;iwg; mur cj;jpNahfj;jupd; cupikaw;w

ngWtjw;F

5:2:1 (epue;ju ,y;yq;fs;) kzKbj;j cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUthpd; rk;gsj;jpy; 12% (gd;dpnuz;liu rjtPjk;) kzkhfhj cj;jpNahfj;jupd; rk;gsj;jpy; 7% (Voiu rjtPjk;) MFk;. 5:2:2 miu epue;ju ,y;yq;fs; - cj;jpNahfj;ju; kzKbj;jtuhapDk; my;yJ kzKbf;fhjtuhapDk; ,y;yj;jpd; kjpg;gl P L ; thlif. 5:2:3 $lhuk; Nghd;w jw;fhypf ,y;yq;fs; - mwtPL ,y;iy.

5:2:4 $b trpf;Fk; ,y;yq;fs; (rkhP); mq;F trpf;fpd;w midj;J cj;jpNahfj;ju;fsplkpUe;Jk; rk msthf mwtPL nra;ag;gLfpd;w rpf;fd thlif.. 5:3 ml;ltizg;gLj;jg;gl;l cj;j ; pNahfj;ju; xUtu;. ,y;ynkhd;iwg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;s cupj;Jila

5:3:1 kzKbj;j cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtupd; rk;gsj;jpy; 10 (gj;J) rjtPjKk; kzkhfhj cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtupd; rk;gsj;jpy; (Ie;J) rjtPjKk; MFk;. 5:3:2 tPnlhd;iw toq;Ftjw;Fg; gjpyhf> cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtUf;F tpNrl tPlL ; thlifg; gbnahd;iw toq;Ftjhapd;> my;yJ tPlL ; thlifahf cz;ikahf mth; jhq;Ffpd;w nrytpdj;ij kPse ; pug;g mtUf;Fg; gzk; nrYj;jg;gLkhapd; 5:3:1 Mk; cg gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sthW mtuplkpUe;J gzk; mwtplg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 5:3:3 NkNy 5:3:2. Mk; cg gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s kPsspg;Gj; njhifapid my;yJ tpNrl tPlL ; thliff; nfhLg;gdtpidg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;shky; jdJ KOr; rk;gsj;ijg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s mj;jifa cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F tpUg;gj;ijj; njuptpf;f KbAk;. 5:4 mur cj;jpNahfj;jpyPLgl;Ls;s fztd; - kidtp ,UtUk; mur tPnlhd;wpy; tjpifapy; ml;ltizg;gLj;jg;gl;l tPnlhd;iwg; ngWtjw;F cupikaw;wtu;fshapd;> mt;tpUtupy; mjpf rk;gsj;ijg; ngWfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jupd; rk;gsj;jpypUe;J 121/2(gd;dpnuz;liu) rjtPjKk; Fiwe;j rk;gsk; ngWfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jupd; rk;gsj;jpypUe;J 5 (Ie;J) rjtPjKk; mwtplg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 5.4.1 mth;fspy; xUtUf;NfDk; ,d;Nwy; ,UtUf;Fk; ml;ltizg;gLj;jg;gl;l ,y;ynkhd;iwg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;fhd chpj;njhd;Wk; fhzg;gLkhapd; $Ljyhd rk;gsj;ijg; ngWfpd;w mYtyhpd; rk;gsj;jpypUe;J 10 (gj;J) rjtPjKk;. Fiwe;j rk;gsj;ijg; ngWfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jhplkpUe;J 21/2 (,uz;liu) rjtPjKk;. mwtPL nra;ag;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 5:5 $l;lhff; FbapUf;Fk; cj;jpNahfj;ju;fs; - tPLfis xJf;fpf; nfhLf;Fk; mjpfhupapd; jw;Wzpgpd; mg;gilapy;> ; ,uz;L cj;jpNahfj;ju;fSf;F my;yJ mijtpl mjpfkhd njhifapdUf;F xU tPlb ; y; trpf;f mDkjp toq;f KbAk;. ,e;j cj;jpNahfj;ju;fsplkpUe;J fPof ; ; Fwpg;gplg;gLfpd;w mbg;gilapd; kPJ thlif mwtplg;gly; Ntz;Lk;.
230

mj;jpahak; XIX

5:5:1 tPnlhd;wpy; $l;lhf trpf;Fk; xt;nthU $l;Lf; FbapUg;ghsuplkpUe;Jk; rk;gsj;jpy; 10 (gj;J) rj tPjj;ij mwtpl;Lf; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. gpujhd Fj;jifahshplkpUe;J 5:2:1 my;yJ 5:3:1 cg gpupTfspy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sthW tPlL ; thlifia re;jh;gg ; j;jpw;Nfw;g mwtpl;Lf; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. 5:6 rpf;fdf; $yp cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtupd; rk;gsj;jpypUe;J mwtplg;gLfpd;w tPlL ; thlif mtUf;Ff; nfhLf;fg;gl;Ls;s tPlb ; d; epahakhd rpf;fd thlifia tplTk; fzprkhdsT njhif mjpfhpj;Jf;fhzg;gLkhapd; cj;jpNahfj;jupd; rk;gsj;jpypUe;J rjtPjnkhd;wpid mwtpLtjw;Fg; gjpyhf Fwpg;ghd tPlL ; thlifnahd;iw mwtpl;Lf;nfhs;s nrayhsupd; mDkjpiag; ngWjy; Ntz;Lk;. mur gzpfSf;fhf tPlb ; d; xU gFjpiag; ghtpf;Fk; NghJ> thlifiaf; Fiwf;FkhW nrayhsuplk; tpzz ; g;gpf;fyhk;. mt;thwhd midj;J re;ju;gg ; q;fspYk;> thlifiaj; jPuk ; hdpg;gjw;F Kd;dh; gpujk kjpg;gl P l ; hsupd; mwpf;ifiag; ngw;Wf; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. 5:7 gjtpnahd;Wf;Fhpa tPnlhd;iw Vw;f kWj;jy; - cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; jdJ gjtpf;Fhpa tPnlhd;wpy; trpg;gjw;F kWf;Fkplj;J mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jUf;Fg; gjpyhf NtnwhU cj;jpNahfj;jiu mt;tl P b ; y; FbapUf;fr; nra;a tPLfis xJf;Fk; mjpfhup mDkjpf;fhj NghJ tPli ; l kWj;j cj;jpNahfj;ju; cz;ikahfNt mq;F FbapUg;gjhff; nfhs;sg;gl;L mtuplkpUe;J thlif mwtplg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. mj;jifa re;ju;gg ; nkhd;wpy; mt;tl P L ; f;fhf mwtplg;gl Ntz;ba thlifahdJ me;j tPL chpj;jhd gjtpia tfpf;fpd;w cj;jpNahfj;ju; nfhLf;f Ntz;bapUe;j tPlL ; thlifj; njhif my;yJ mq;F cz;ikahfNt FbapUf;fpd;w cj;jpNahfj;ju; nrYj;j Ntz;ba thlifj; njhif Mfpa ,uz;bYk; vJ mjpfkhdNjh mj;njhifahFk;. 5:8 ePu> ; kpd;rhuk; kw;Wk; vupthA Nghd;wtw;Wf;fhd fl;lzq;fis Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;ju; nrYj;Jjy; Ntz;Lk;.

6. Fj;jif epge;jidfs;:
6:1 Fj;jiff; fhyk; - 5V> 5 kw;Wk; 1 Nghd;w juq;fSf;Fupa ,y;ynkhd;wpd; FbapUg;ghsu; xUtUf;F ,lkhw;wnkhd;W fpilf;Fk; tiu my;yJ mthpd;; mur cj;jpNahfk; KbtilAk; tiu trpg;gjw;F re;jh;g;gkspf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 4> 3 kw;Wk; 2 Nghd;w juq;fSf;Fupa tPLfspd; Fj;jiff; fhyk;> 5 Mz;Lfs; MFk;. VNjDnkhU gjtpf;Fupa ,y;yq;fs; njhlu;ghf ,e;epajp nghUe;jhJ. 6:1:1 ,j;jhgdtpjpf; Nfhitapy; mDkjpaspf;fg;gl;Ls;s KOikahd fhyg; gFjpapd; rupahf miuthrpf;F Nkyhf xU Nrit epiyaj;jpy; mike;Js;s mur ,y;ynkhd;wpy; tjpAk; tug;gpurhjj;ijg; ngw;w cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; mt;thW Kjypy; FbapUe;j fhyj;ij Kbj;j jpdj;jpypUe;J 5 tUlq;fs; KbtilAk; tiu mr;Nrit epiyaj;jpNy mike;Js;s mj;jifa tPnlhd;W njhlh;ghf ftdj;jpw; nfhs;sg;glg; nghUj;jkw;wtuhthh;. 6:2 mur ,y;ynkhd;iw mur cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUf;F khj;jpuNk xJf;fpf; nfhLf;fyhk;. kPsTk; Nritapy; <LgLj;jg;gLfpd;w murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;ju;fSf;F murhq;f ,y;yq;fs; njhlu;ghf chpj;Jf; Nfhu KbahJ.. mtu; Xa;TngWfpd;w re;ju;gg ; j;jpy; mur ,y;ynkhd;wpy; tjpAkplj;J> Xa;TngWk; NghJ tPlb ; ypUe;J tpyfpr;nry;yy; Ntz;Lk;. 6:3 mur ,y;ynkhd;wpy; trpf;f Kbe;jth;fs; mijg; ngw;Wf;nfhz;l cj;jpNahfj;ju;> mtuJ kidtp> gps;isfs; kw;Wk; mthpy; jq;fp tho;Nthh; Mfpath;fs; khj;jpuNk Mth;. tPli ; l xJf;fpj;jUk; cj;jpNahfj;juplkpUe;J ngw;Wf; nfhs;sg;gl;l Fwpg;ghd mDkjpapd;wp> NtnwhU egupd; epue;juf; FbapUg;Gf;fhf mur ,y;ynkhd;wpd;; ve;jnthU gFjpiaNaDk; cgNahfpf;ff; $lhJ.
231

mj;jpahak; pahak; XIX

6:4 tPLfis ,ilf;fhyf; Fj;jiff;Ff; nfhLg;gJk;> gzk; nrYj;jpj; jq;Ffpd;w mjpjpfisAk;> tpLjpf;fhuh;fisAk; itj;Jf; nfhs;sYk; jilnra;ag;gLfpd;wJ. 6:5 jdJ ,y;yj;jpypUe;J ntspNawpr; nry;tjw;F cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth; fUJk; gl;rj;jpy; mJgw;wp Mff; Fiwe;jJ xU gQ;rhq;f khjj;Jf;F Kd;duhtJ tPLfis xJf;fpj; jUfpd;w mjpfhupf;F mwptpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. mt;thW mwptpf;fj;jtwpa cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtuplkpUe;J mtu; cz;ikapNyNa tPlb ; ypUe;J ntspNawpa ehspy; ,Ue;J mwptpj;j gQ;rhq;f khjj;jpd; filrpj; jpdk; my;yJ NtnwhU cj;jpNahfj;ju; mt;tl P b ; y; tjptjw;fhf te;j ehs; vd;w ,uz;by; vj; jpdk; Kjypy; tUfpwNjh mJ tiuapyhd fhyg; gFjpf;fhf ,y;yj;jpw;fhd thlif mwtplg;gLk;. FWfpa fhy mwptpj;jy; fhuzkhf ,lkhw;wk; nra;ag;gLfpd;w fhuzj;jpdhy; tPlb ; ypUe;J tpyfpg;Nghf NeupLk; cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtUf;F ,t;tpjpKiwfs; Vw;Gilj;jhfh. mt;thwhd re;ju;gg ; nkhd;wpd; NghJ ,lkhw;w mwptpj;jy; fpilj;J Ie;J ehl;fSf;Fs; cj;jpNahfj;ju; mJgw;wp ,y;yq;fis xJf;fpf;nfhLf;fpd;w mjpfhupf;F mwptpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 6:6 mur ,y;ynkhd;W fpilf;fg; ngw;w cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu;> jhd; tjpTf;fhf tPlL ; f;F tUfpd;w jpfjp> tpyfpr; nry;Yk; NghJ mt;thW tpyfpr; nry;fpd;w jpfjp vd;gtw;iwj; jdJ jpizf;fsj; jiytu; kw;Wk; tPLfis xJf;fpf; nfhLf;fpd;w mjpfhup MfpNahUf;F mwptpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 6:7 cj;jpNahfj;ju; ,y;yj;jpypUe;J tpyfpr; nry;tjw;F Kd;dh; nghUl;gl;baiyg; guPlr ; pj;Jg; ghu;jJ ; tPli ; lg; nghWg;Ngw;ff; $bathW> jhd; tpyfpr; nry;Yk; jpfjpiaf; fl;bl khtl;lg; nghwpapayhsUf;F my;yJ ,y;yj;jpd; guhkupg;Gf;Fg; nghWg;ghd jpizf;fsj; jiytUf;F my;yJ mjd; gpuhe;jpa epWtdj; jiytUf;F mwptpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. mt;thNw> kpd;rhu cgfuzq;fs;> nghUj;jpfs; vd;gtw;Wf;Fg; nghWg;ghfTs;s ,yq;if kpd;rhurigapd; gpuhe;jpag; nghwpapayhsuf;Fk;> ePut ; oq;fy; tbfhyikg;Gg; gzpf;Fg; nghWg;ghd mjpfhupf;Fk; tPlb ; ypUe;J nry;Yk; jpfjp gw;wp mwptpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 6:8 fhzhkw;Nghd my;yJ cile;JNghd fUtpfs; Kjypatw;iwj; jpUk;gg; nghUj;Jtjw;fhd nryTk;> ; nghJthd ghtidahy; Nja;tile;jnjdf; fUjKbahj tifapyhd tPlL ; f;F Vw;glf; $ba Vida Nrjq;fSf;fhd jpUj;jr; nryTk; tPlb ; ypUe;J tpyfpr; nry;Yk; cj;jpNahfj;juplkpUe;J mwtplg;gLk;. 6:9 ,uz;L cj;jpNahfj;jh;fs; my;yJ mjw;F Nkw;gl;l vz;zpf;ifahd cj;jpNahfj;ju;fs; Xh; ,y;yj;jpy; $l;lhff; FbapUf;f mDkjp toq;fg;gl;bUf;Fk; NghJ> ,y;yk; vt;tpjpfspd; fPo; xJf;fpf; nfhLf;fg;gl;lNjh mt;tpjpfs; kw;Wk; rfy mt;tpjpfis Kiwahfg; gpd;gw;Wjy;; njhlu;ghf tPlb ; w;fhd Fj;jifahsuhf nghWg;Ngw;f Ntz;bath; xd;wpy; Kjypy; ,y;yk; xg;gilf;fg;gl;l cj;jpNahfj;jNuh my;yJ ,UtUf;Fk; xNu Neuj;jpy; xg;gilf;fg;gl;bUg;gpd; ,y;yj;ij xJf;fpf;nfhLf;Fk; mjpfhupapdhy; ngauplg;gl;l cj;jpNahfj;jNuh Mthu;. ,y;yk; gw;wpa midj;Jf; fbjf; nfhLf;fy; thq;fy;fSk; mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jUlNdNa Nkw;nfhs;sg;;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 6:10 cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtupd; Nrit KbTWj;jg;gl;lhy; my;yJ mtu; NritapypUf;Fk;NghJ ,we;jhy; me;epfo;T ,lk;ngw;w gQ;rhq;f khjj;ij mLj;J tUfpd;w gQ;rhq;f khjj;jpd; ,Wjptiu re;jh;gg ; j;jpw;Nfw;g mtUf;F my;yJ mtupd; FLk;gj;Jf;F tPlb ; y; FbapUf;f KbAk;. 6:11 kUj;Jtf; fhuzq;fSf;fhf Xa;Tngw;w cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtUf;F> 6:10 Mk; cg gpuptpd; fPo; ,y;ynkhd;wpy; FbapUg;gjw;fhf toq;fg;glf; $ba ,Wjp ehisAk; jhz;b Xa;tpw;F Ke;jpa yPT fpilf;Fkplj;J> mt;Ntha;Tf;F Ke;jpa yPT KbtilAk; tiu mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jUf;F Fwpj;j ,y;yj;jpy; jq;fpapUf;f KbAk;.

232

mj;jpahak; XIX

6:12 FbapUf;Fk; fhyj;ij kpf Kf;fpakhd re;ju;gg ; q;fspy; nra;tjw;F ,y;yq;fis xJf;fpf; nfhLf;Fk; mjpfhupf;F KbAk;.

ePbf;fr;

6:13 mur ,y;ynkhd;wpy; FbapUf;Fk; cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; ePzl ; tpLKiw xd;Wf;fhf ehl;bw;F ntspNa nry;fpd;w NghJ (mtupd; FLk;g mq;fj;jtu;fs; mjpy; trpj;jy; Nghd;w) tpNrl fhuzq;fs; ,y;yhj re;jh;gg ; q;fspy;> mt;tl P i ; l twpjhf;fp kPs xg;gilj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. mt;thwhd re;ju;gg ; q;fspy; mt;Tj;jpNahfj;ju; Kd;itf;fpd;w fhuzq;fspd; Kf;fpaj; jd;ikf;Nfw;g> ,e;epge;jidiaf; iftpLtJ gw;wpf; ftdj;jpw;nfhs;s ,y;yq;fis xJf;fpf; nfhLf;Fk; mjpfhupf;F KbAk;. cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtUf;F jhd; ,y;yhj fhyj;jpy; jdJ gjpy; flik cj;jpNahfj;jiu my;yJ NtW cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtiu tPli ; l xJf;fpf; nfhLf;Fk; mjpfhupapd; mDkjpAld; mt;tl P b ; y; Fbakh;j;j eltbf;if vLf;f KbAk;. 6:13:1 mur ,y;ynkhd;wpy; FbapUf;fpd;w cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtUf;F ntspehl;Lj; njhopnyhd;iwg; nghWg;Ngw;f rk;gskw;w yPT ngw;Wf; nfhLf;fg;gl;bUf;Fk; re;ju;gg ; j;jpy;> mtu; ehl;bypUe;J ntspNawpr; nry;y Kd;du; mt;tpy;yj;ij ntWikahf;fp> ,y;yj;ij xJf;fpf; nfhLf;Fk; mjpfhupaplk; kPsf;ifaspj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 6:14 mur ,y;ynkhd;wpy; FbapUf;Fk; cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtUf;F ,lkhw;wk;> Xa;Tngwy; Nghd;w fhuzq;fSf;fhf> mur ,y;yk; xd;wpy; FbapUf;Fk; jifik ,y;yhnjhopAkplj;J> mJgw;wp ,y;yq;fis xJf;fpf; nfhLf;Fk; mjpfhupf;F mwptpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. mt;thW mwptpf;fhjtplj;J mt;tl P ;by; tjptjw;F mtUf;Fs;s jifik ,y;yhnjhopf;fg;gl;l jpdj;jpypUe;J 7 Mk; cg gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s jz;lidfSf;F mth; cs;shf Ntz;b NeupLk;. 6:14:1 mt;thwhd cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; tjpfpd;w ,y;yk; mtuJ gjtpf;Fupa ,y;ykhf ,y;yhjtplj;J> 6:1 Mk; cg gpuptpy;; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s Fj;jiff; fhyj;jpd; KOf; fhy vy;iyiaj; KbtilAk; tiu mt;tpy;yj;jpy; tjptjw;F mtUf;F mDkjp toq;f ,y;yq;fis xJf;fpf; nfhLf;Fk; mjpfhupf;F KbAk;. 6:15 Fj;jiff; fhyj;jpd; Kbtpy; my;yJ ,y;yq;fis xJf;fpf; nfhLf;Fk; mjpfhup gzpf;Fkplj;J cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; ,y;yj;jpypUe;J ntspNawpr; nry;yy; Ntz;Lk;.

7. jz;lidfs;
7:1 tPlb ; ypUe;J ntspNawpr; nry;YkhW gzpf;fg;gLifapy;> cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; mt;thW nry;yhjtplj;J 1971 Mk; Mz;bd; 03 Mk; ,yf;f rl;lk; kw;Wk; 1974 Mk; Mz;bd; 40 Mk; ,yf;fr; rl;lk; vd;gtw;wpdhy; jpUj;jpaikf;fg;gl;l 1969 Mk; Mz;bd; 7 Mk; ,yf;f mur ,y;yq;fs; (clikia kPsg; ngwy;) rl;lj;jpd; fPo; mtiuf; Fwpj;j ,y;yj;jpypUe;J ntspNaw;Wjy; Ntz;Lk;. 7:2 Fj;jiff; fhyj;ijf; fle;J ,y;ynkhd;wpy; tjpfpd;w fhyg;gFjpf;fhf thlifj; jz;lg; gzk; xd;iwAk; mtuplkpUe;J mwtpl;Lf; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. ,q;F thlifj; jz;lg; gzk; vd;gjd; %yk; fUjg;gLtJ> cj;jpNahfj;jupd; rk;gsj;jpy; 8 (vl;L) rjtPjk; kw;Wk; gpujhd tpiy kjpg;gl P l ; hshpdhy; Fwpj;j ,y;yj;jpw;F kjpg;gL P nra;ag;gLfpd;w mr;re;jh;g;gj;jpy; jpwe;j re;ijapy; fhzg;gLfpd;w thlifj; njhif vd;gtw;iwf; $l;Ltjd; %yk; fpilf;fg; ngWk; njhifahFk;. 7:3 ,J gw;wpa mwpf;if xd;iw Nfhg;gpYk; cs;slf;Fjy; Ntz;Lk;. cj;jpNahfj;jupd; me;juq;f vOj;Jf;

233

mj;jpahak; XIX

8. nghUl; gjpNtl;il itj;jp jpUj;jy;


8:1 cupa jpizf;fsk; kpd; cgfuzq;fs; gw;wpa nghUl;gl;bay; xd;iwg; Ngzptuhj re;ju;gg ; q;fspy;> ,yq;if kpd;rhu rigapd; gpuhe;jpag; nghwpapayhsu; mg;nghUl;gl;baiyg; NgzptUjy; Ntz;Lk;. 8:2 ,y;yj;jpd; guhkupg;Gg; gw;wpa nghWg;G toq;fg;gl;Ls;s mjpfhupfs; Vida cgfuzq;fs; kw;Wk nghUj;jpfs; njhlh;ghfTk; Nkw;$wpathwhd nghUl;gl;bay; xd;iw itj;jpUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 8:3 cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; ,y;yj;jpypUe;J tpyfpr; nry;fpd;w NghJ> 6:8 Mk; cg gpuptpd; gpufhuk; eltbf;if vLg;gjw;fhf mt;thwhd nghUl;gl;bay; xd;iwg; guPlr ; pj;Jg; ghh;jj ; y; Ntz;Lk;. 8:4 mur fl;blnkhd;W njhlu;ghfTk;> mYtyfnkhd;whfg; gad;gLj;Jtjw;fhf xOq;F nra;ag;gl;Ls;s murhq;f nrytpy; kpd;rhuk; kw;Wk; Vida cgfuzq;fs;> nghUj;jpfs; vd;gd nghUj;jg;gl;Ls;s fl;blnkhd;W njhlu;ghfTk; rk;ge;jg;gl;l jpizf;fsk;; Nkw;$wpathwhd nghUl;gl;bay; xd;iwg; NgzptUjy; Ntz;Lk;. 8:5 thliff;F my;yJ Fj;jiff;F vLj;j fl;blnkhd;wpypUe;J jpizf;fsk; mfw;wg;gLk; NghJ Fj;jif epge;jidfspy; Vida Vw;ghnlhd;W Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;buhj re;jh;gg ; j;jpy;> murhq;f nrytpy; nghUj;jg;gl;l cgfuzq;fs; kw;Wk; nghUj;jpfs; Nghd;wtw;iwf; fow;wp mfw;wf;$bathW ,yq;if kpd;rhu rigapd; gpuhe;jpa nghwpapayhsUf;Fk;> mf;fl;llj;ijg; guhkupf;F ; k; mjpfhupf;Fk; Neufhyj;Jld; mwptpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.

9. cil cilikia ikia kPsg;ngwy;


9:1 mur ,y;ynkhd;wpYs;s ve;jnthU FbapUg;ghsiuAk; ntspNaw;w 1971 Mk; Mz;bd; 3 Mk; ,yf;fr;rl;lk; kw;Wk; 1974 Mk; Mz;bd; 40 Mk; ,yf;fr; rl;lk; Mfpatw;why; jpUj;jpaikf;fg;gl;l 1969 Mk; Mz;bd; 7 Mk; ,yf;f mur ,y;yq;fs; (clikia kPsg;ngwy;) rl;lj;jpd; %yk; Vw;ghLfs; nra;ag;gl;Ls;sd. ,r;rl;lj;jpd; fPo; mur ,y;yq;fs; njhlu;ghf chpa mjpfhuk; ngw;w cj;jpNahfj;juhf nghJ epUthf mikr;rpd; nrayhsu; fhzg;gLfpd;whh;. mtu; jdJ mjpfhuq;fis> jhgdg; gzpg;ghsh;;> gpujp jhgdg; gzpg;ghsh;; kw;Wk; midj;J murhq;f mjpgu;fs;> mt;thNw nghUj;jkhd re;ju;gg ; q;fspy;> Ntz;LNfhspd; gpufhuk; Vida gpuhe;jpaj; jpizf;fsj; jiytu;fs; kw;Wk; mikr;Rf;fspd; nrayhsu;fs; MfpNahUf;Ff; ifaspj;Js;shh;. 9:2 nghJ epUthf mikr;rpd; fPo; epUtfpf;fg;gLfpd;w midj;Jg; nghJr; Nrit ,y;yq;fs; njhlu;ghfTk; jhgdg; gzpg;ghsu;; kw;Wk; gpujp jhgdg; gzpg;ghsu; MfpNahh; ,r;rl;lj;jpd; fPo; nraw;gLth;. ml;ltizg;gLj;jg;gl;l my;yJ Vida> midj;J mur ,y;yq;fs; njhlu;ghfTk; murhq;f mjpgh; my;yJ chpa jpizf;fsj; jiytu; ,t;thNw ,r;rl;lj;jpd; gpufhuk; nraw;gLthu;.

234

mj;jpahak;

XX

tpLKiw tpLjpfs;
1. ngw;Wf;nfhs;sf; $ba tpLjpfs;

2. tpz;zg;gg; gbtq; gbtq;fs; 3. tpLjpfisg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;s jifik ngWfpd; ngWfpd;w juq;fs; 4. jq;fpapUf;ff; $ba cr;rf; fhy vy;iy 5. xJf;Fjy; 6. thlif 7. cilTfs;> Nrjq;fs;

235

mj;jpahak;

XX

tpLKiw tpLjpfs;
1. ngw;Wf; nfhs;sf; $ba tpLjpfs;
cj;jpNahfG+h;t flikfSf;Fj; Njitg;glhj re;jh;gg ; q;fspy;> tpLKiwapidf; fopg;gjw;fhf thlif nrYj;jpg; gpd;tUk; tpLjpfisg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s KbAk;. 1:1 Etnuypahtpy; cs;s murhq;f tpLjp : gioa Gifapuj epiyaj;jpw;Fg; gpd;Gwkhf mike;Js;sJld;> &.13>800/= ,w;Ff; Fiwahj tUlhe;j rk;gsk; ngWfpd;w murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUf;Fg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s KbAk;. 1:2 Gifapujg; ghijf;F NkNy mike;Js;s jpajyhit murhq;f tpLjpfs; ,uz;L : nghpa tpLjpahd m tpLjp &.13>800/= ,w;Ff; Fiwahj tUlhe;j rk;gsj;ijg; ngWfpd;w murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUf;Fg;; ngw;Wf;nfhs;s KbAk;. mg;Gj;jis tPjpf;F mUfpy; cs;s M tpLjp:- tUlnkhd;wpw;F 13>800/= tpw;Ff; Fiwthd rk;gsj;ijg; ngWfpd;w murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUf;Fg;; ngw;Wf;nfhs;s KbAk;. 1:3 gz;lhutis gpe;JDntt tPjpapy; mike;Js;s murhq;f &.13>800/= ,w;Ff; Fiwthd tUlhe;j rk;gsj;ijg; ngWfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUf;F ,jidg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s KbAk;. tpLjp : murhq;f

2. tpz;zg;gg; gbtq;fs;
2:1 Etnuypah> jpajyhit kw;Wk; gz;lhutis Mfpa ,lq;fspy; mike;Js;s tpLjpfSf;F 19 Mk; gpd;dpizg;gpy;; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sjd; gpufhuk; jahhpj;j tpz;zg;gg; gbtj;jpid jhgdg; gzpg;ghshplk; rkh;gg ; pj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. jpnrk;gh;/rdthp> Vg;uy;/Nk kw;Wk; Mf];l/ ; nrg;njk;gh; Mfpa khjq;fspy; ,e;j tpLjpfisg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s tpUk;GNthh; Mff; Fiwe;jJ %d;W khjq;fSf;F Kd;duhtJ tpz;zg;gq;fis mDg;Gjy; Ntz;Lk;.
T T T T T T

3. tpLjpfisg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s jifik ngWfpd; ngWfpd;w juq;fs;


tpLjp xd;wpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;Fj; jifik ngWfpd;w juj;ijr; Nrh;ej ; cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUthplkpUe;J Nfhhpf;ifnahd;W fpilj;jpuhjtplj;J re;jh;gg ; q;fspy; mjid NtW cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUf;Fg; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;f KbAk;.

4. jq;fpapUg;gjw;F ,lkspf;fg;gLk; cr;rf; fhyvy; fhyvy;iy


,e;j tpLjpfisg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;fhd Nfhhpf;iffs; mjpfhpf;fpd;w fhyq;fspy;> mtw;wpy; jq;fpapUg;gjw;F ,lkspf;fg;gLfpd;w cr;rf; fhy vy;iy xU thukhFk;. Vida fhyq;fspy; xUkhjk; tiuapyhd fhyj;jpw;F ,t;;tpLjpfisg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s KbAk;. kpf Kf;fpakhd fhuzq;fs; vitNaDkpUe;J> mt;thNw> jhgdg; gzpg;ghshpd; mDkjpAk; ngw;Wf; nfhs;sg;gl;LkpUe;jhNynahopa ,t;tpLjpfspy; xU khj fhyj;ij tplf; $Ljyhd fhyk; jq;Ftjw;F ,lkspf;fg;glkhl;lhJ.
236

mj;jpahak; XX

5. xJf;Fjy;
tpLjp xd;wpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;fhf mjpfkhd tpzz ; g;gq;fs; fpilf;fg; ngWk; re;jh;gg ; q;fspy;> mt;tpz;zg;gq;fs; njhlh;gpy; gpd;tUkhwhd Gs;sp toq;Fk; Kiwnahd;wpd; kPNj mt;tpz;zg;gq;fs; njhlh;ghf ftdk; nrYj;jg;gLk;. tpz;zg;gpf;fg;gLfpd;w tpLjpf;fhd juj;jpw;Fhpa Nritf;fhyj;jpd; xy;Nthuhz;Lf;Fk; xU Gs;sp Kjy; ,U gps;isfSf;Fk; xt;nthUtUf;Fk; ,uz;L Gs;spfs; tPjKk;> mjw;F mLj;j gps;isfSf;F xU Gs;sp tPjKk; nkhj;jk; 6 Gs;spfs; tiu. mbf;fb Gs;spfs;. ,uTf; flikapy; <LgLfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUf;F ,uz;L

kUj;Jtr; rhd;wpjo;fs; %yk; cWjp nra;ag;gl;Ls;s Rfhjhu fhuzq;fSf;fhf ,uz;L Gs;spfs;. tpz;zg;gpf;fpd;w Mz;bw;F Ke;jpa %d;whz;L fhyg; gFjpf;Fs; tpLKiw tpLjpnahd;wpidg; ghtpj;Js;s tpz;zg;gjhuh; xUtUf;F fpilf;f Ntz;baJ> Vidath;fis tpl fPo; epiyapYs;s XH ,lkhFk;. Vida tplaq;fs; rkkhff; fhzg;gLfpd;w re;jh;g;gq;fspy;> jPhk ; hdnkhd;wpw;F tUtjw;fhd mbg;gilahff; nfhs;sg;gl Ntz;baJ Nrit %g;ghFk;.

6. thlif
6:1 fl;lz msT : jq;Ftjw;fhd fl;lzq;fs; gpd;tUkhW ehshe;j thlif & r 50.00 50.00 35.00 35.00 nra;tjw;Fk;> egh; chpa

Etnuypah jpajyhit m jpajyhit M gz;lhutis

tpLjpf;Fr; nrhe;jkhd jhk; ghtpj;j Jzpkzpfisj; Jg;GuT jq;fpapUe;j fhyj;jpy; ghtpj;j kpd;rhuj;jpw;Fk;> jq;fpapUe;j njhifapidr; nrYj;Jjy; Ntz;Lk;.

6:2 fl;lzj;ij mwtply; : tpLjpf; fl;lzj;ij mwtpLtJ njhlh;ghf murhq;f toq;fy; gzpg;ghsh; nghWg;Gf; $Wjy; Ntz;Lk;. mth; me;je;j tpLjpapy; jq;fpath;fspd; thlif vt;tsT vd;gjidf; Fwpj;j eghpw;Fk; Fwpjj ; egh; gzpahw;Wfpd;w jpizf;fsj; jiytUf;Fk; my;yJ gpuNjrj; jiytUf;Fk; mwptpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. mt;thW mwptpf;fpd;w thlifj; njhifapid> jpizf;fsj; jiyth; Fwpj;j eghpw;F toq;Fk; mLj;j rk;gsj;jpy; mwtpl;L jpuz;l epjpaj;jpy; itg;Gr; nra;jy; Ntz;Lk;. thlifia mwtpl;l jpfjpia murhq;f toq;fy; gzpg;ghsUf;Fk; mwptpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.

7. cilTfs; Nrjq;fs;
tpLjpfSf;F jsghlq;fs;> cgfuzq;fs; vd;gd toq;fg;gl;Ls;sd. vdNt tpLjpapy; jq;fr; nry;gth; mg;nghUl;fspd; epiyik njhlh;ghf jpUg;jpailjy; Ntz;Lk;. mj;Jld; jhk; jq;fpapUe;j fhyj;jpy; vitNaDk; nghUl;fs; ciljy; kw;Wk; Nrjq;fSf;Fl;gl;bUg;gpd; mJ gw;wpa gl;bay; xd;wpid jhd; tpLjpapypUe;J ntspNaWtjw;F Kd;dh; tpLjpg; nghWg;ghshplk; toq;Fjy; Ntz;Lk;. mjd; gpd;dh; mtw;wpw;fhd ngWkjpapid murhq;f toq;fy; gzpg;ghsh; mwtpl;L Nrjkhd nghUl;fSf;Fg; gjpyhfg; Gjpa nghUl;fis toq;Fthh;.
237

mj;jpahak; XXI
ghJfhg;G cilfSk; rPUilfSk;
1. tpepNahfk; njhlh;ghf mKypYs;s nfhs;iffs; 2. nghJj; juq;fs; 3. toq;f Ntz;ba msT 4. Vida juq;fs;

238

mj;jpahak; XXI
ghJfhg;G cilfSk; rPUilfSk ilfSk
1. tpepNahfk; njhlh;ghf mKypYs;s nfhs;iffs;
ghJfhg;G cilfs; kw;Wk; rPUilfspd; tpepNahfk; njhlh;ghf mKypYs;s nghJf; nfhs;iffs; tUkhW:1:1 flikapy; <Lgl;Ls;s NghJ> vr;Nritapy; <Lgl;Ls;sdnud;gjid ,yFtpy; milahsk; fhzj;jf;fthW cj;jpNahfj;jh;fSf;F rPUilfis toq;f KbAk;. 1:2 gpd;tUk; tpjj;jpyhd flikfis Mw;Wfpd;w mYtyh;fSf;F ghJfhg;G cilfis toq;f KbAk;. fl;lhakhf jpwe;j ntspapy; Mw;wg;gl Ntz;baitAk; Nkhrkhd fhyepiyapYk; $l epiwNtw;wg;glhkypUf;f KbahjitAkhd flikfs;. mth;fsJ cilfs; mOf;filahjthWk; Nrjq;fSf;Fl;glhjthWkhf ghJfhg;ghd cilfs; Njitg;gLk; tpjj;jpyhd flikfs;. gzpahw;Wfpd;w NghJ tpNrl ghJfhg;ghd cilfs; my;yJ tha;%bfs;> fz; kiwg;Gf;fs; Nghd;w gpw cgfuzq;fs; vd;gtw;iw cgNahfpf;fhtpbd; Rfhjhuj;jpw;F jPqF ; Vw;glf; $ba my;yJ NtW tpjj;jpy; clYf;Ff; NfL tpistpf;ff; $ba flikfs;.

2. nghJj; juq;fs;
jpizf;fsq;fs; rpytw;wpw;Fg; nghJthff; fhzg;gLfpd;w gpd;tUk; juq;fisr; Nrh;ej ; mYtyh;fSf;F fPot ; Uk; gphpTf;fika rPUilfs; kw;Wk;/ my;yJ ghJfhg;G cilfs; vd;gtw;iw toq;Fjy; Ntz;Lk;. vdpDk; mth;fs; epue;ju gzpahsh;fshjy;; Ntz;Lk;. mt;thwpd;Nwy; Mff; Fiwe;jJ xUtUl Nritf; fhyj;ij cilath;fshfTk;> mt;thNw Mff; Fiwe;jJ NkYnkhU tUl> fhyNkDk; Nritapy; jhpj;jpUf;Fk; rhj;jpaKs;stHfshfTKd; jw;fhypf Copah;f ; shf ,Uj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.

3. toq;f Ntz;ba msT


Rj;jpfhpg;Gj; njhopyhsh;fs; : ePyepw Kul;Lj; Jzpahy; ijf;fg;gl;l XH miuf; ifr; rl;il kw;Wk; XH; miuf; fhw;rl;il vd;gtw;Wld; $ba Mil (xU tUlj;jpw;F ,uz;L). fhh;/thd;/[Pg; vd;gtw;wpd; rhujpfSf;F : tUlj;jpw;F ,U fhf;fpr; rl;ilfs;. mYtyfg; gzpahsh;fSf;F : mikr;rh; xUthpd;> cah; xUthpd; mYtyfg; gzpahsh;fSf;Fk; mikr;ruit Mur;rpahUf;Fk; xUtUlj;jpw;F Nkyq;fpfs; 3> Jzpfs; 3. ePjpkd;w ePjpgjp mYtyfj;jpd;

mikr;Rfs;> jiyik mYtyfq;fs; kw;Wk; murhq;f mjpgh;fspd; mYtyfg; gzpahsh;fSf;F xU tUj;jpw;F Nkyq;fpfs; 2> Jzpfs; 2.
239

mj;jpahak; XXI

Vida mYtyfg; gzpahsh;fSf;F : Nkyq;fpfs; 2 fhtw;fhuh;fSf;F : xU Nkyq;fpfs; 2> njhg;gp- 1 tUlj;jpw;F fhf;fpr; rl;ilfs; 2> kiof;fhg;G

irf;fps; nra;jpahsh;fSf;F : xU tUlj;jpw;F fhf;fpr; rl;ilfs; my;yJ rl;ilfs; 2 fhf;fp miuf;fhy; rl;ilfs; 2 kw;Wk; fhYiwfs; 2 Nrhbfs;> Kjy; Kiwahf ,uz;L (2) Nrhbr; rg;ghj;Jf;fis toq;fpajd; gpd;dh;> Mz;L NjhWk; xU Nrhb tPjk;> ,uz;L tUlq;fSf;F xU Kiw njhg;gp 1> kiof; fhg;G Nkyq;fp 1> njhg;gp 1. ,izg; gpujp gz;Zk; ,ae;jpu ,af;Feh; eh;fSf;F : Mz;bw;F xU Kiw ePyepw Nkyhilfs;- 2 nyhwp Rj;jk; nra;NthUf;F : kiof;fhg;G Nkyq;fp 1 nfg; njhg;gp - 1

4. Vida juq;fs;
Vida rpw;rpy juq;fSf;Fhpa cj;jpNahfj;jHfSf;F toq;f Ntz;ba rPUilfs; kw;Wk; ghJfhg;G cilfspd; jd;ik> msT kw;Wk; mtw;wpid toq;f Ntz;ba fhy vy;iy vd;gtw;iw jhgdg; gzpg;ghsiu crhtpj; jPhk ; hdpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.

240

mj;jpahak; XXII
eyNdhk;G trjpfs;
1. epjp Vw;ghLfs; hLfs; 2. tpz;zg;g Kiw 3. Kd;Dhpik 4. nghUl; gjpNtL Kjypa Kjypait 5. cz;br;rhiyfSf; hiyfSf;fhd kpd;rhuk; 6. mDkjpf;fg;glhj glhj nrytpd tplaq;fs;

241

mj;jpahak; XXII
eyNdhk;G trjpfs;
1. epjp Vw;ghLfs; hLfs;
murhq;f Nritahsh;fspd; eyNdhk;G trjpfspd; Vw;ghl;Lf;fhf Mz;LNjhWk; epjp Vw;ghLfs; nra;ag;gLfpd;wd. ,it me;je;j jpizf;fsq;fSf;F jhgdg; gzpg;ghspdhy;; Fwpj;njhJf;fg;gLk;.

2. tpz;zg;g Kiw
epjp xJf;fL P fSf;fhd tpz;zg;gk; epjpahz;L KbTWtjw;F Mff; Fiwe;jJ xU khjj;jpw;F Kd;dNuDk; NtW tplaq;fSld; gpd;tUk; tplaq;fisAk; cs;slf;fp jhgdg; gzpg;ghsh; ehafj;Jf;Fr; rkh;gg ; pf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 2:1 epjp Ntz;lg;glw;Fupa Fwpg;ghd fhuzKk;; Njitg;ghl;bd; kw;Wk; vf;fhuzj;jpdhy; Jhpjkhfj; Njitg;gLfpd;wnjd;gJTk; 2:2 2:3 Ntz;lg;gLk; njhifAk;> mj;njhifapd; cs;slf;fKk; ,jdhy; mD$ykilaty;y murhq;f NritahsHfspd;; njhif. Nrit xd;W mtrpak;

2:4 cz;br;rhiyg; nghUl;L Ntz;lg;gLtnjdpy; GJr; njhlq;Ftjw;fhfth my;yJ VyNt cs;s Nritf;fhfth vd;gJ.

2:5 VyNt cs;s Nritnahd;Wf;fhfntdpd;> Nritj; njhlf;fj; Njjp> Kiwahf fzf;fha;T nra;ag;gl;l Gjpa fzf;F ntspg;gLj;JifapdJk;> Ie;njhifj; jhspdJk; gpujpnahd;W tpz;zg;gj;Jld; ,izf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 2:6 Vw;fdNt tof;fpYs;s trjpfs; gw;wpa mwpf;ifnahd;W. eyNdhk;gy;> nghOJNghf;F> cz;br;rhiy

2:7 fle;j <uhz;L fhyj;Jf;Fs; xJf;fL P fs; toq;fg;gl;bUg;gpd; mit gad;gLj;jg;gl;l tpjk; kw;Wk; Fiwr; nrytpdk; VJk; ,lk;ngw;wpUg;gpd; mjw;fhd tpsf;fk;. 2:8 Nrit jpizf;fs cj;jpNahfj;jh;fshyh mt;thwpd;Nwy; xg;ge;jnkhd;wpd;fo P h elhj;jg;gLfpd;wnjd;gJ xg;ge;jnkhd;wpd; fPohapd; czT rikg;gjw;Fj; Njitahd rikf;fg;glhj czTg; nghUl;fs; jpizf;fsj;jpdhy; xg;ge;jf;fhuh;fSf;F toq;fg;gLfpd;wdthntd;gJ. 2:9 cgfuzq;fspd; nfhs;tdtpw;F epjp Ntz;lg;gLkplj;J> cgNahfj;jpYs;s cgfuzq;fisg; gw;wpa epuYk; nfhs;tdT nra;ag;gl cj;Njrpf;fg;gl;Ls;s Gjpa nghUl;fisg; gw;wpa epuYk;> mtw;wpd; Njit gw;wpa KO tpsf;fKk; Fwpg;gplg;gly;; Ntz;Lk;.

3. Kd;Dhpik
Nfhupf;iffs; ahTk; Kd;DhpiknahOq;fpy; ,lk;ngwy; Ntz;Lk;. epjp xJf;fl P b ; d; gpd;dh; mjpKf;fpa fhuzq;fSf;fhftd;wp tpz;zg;gj;jpy; epuw;gLj;jg;gl;l tplaq;fspy; khw;wk; nra;a mDkjpf;fg;gl khl;lhJ.
242

mj;jpahak; XXII

4. nghUl; nghUl; gjpNtL Kjypait


murhq;fj;jhy; toq;fg;gLfpd;w cgfuzq;fs;> jpizf;fsg; nghUl; gjpNtl;by; Fwpf;fg;gl;L> murhq;fg; gz;lfrhiy xOq;F tpjpfSf;fikar; rupghh;ff ; g;gly; Ntz;Lk;. gz;lfrhiyg; nghUl;fspd; nfhs;tdT> fzf;fL P > ,og;G> cilT Mjpad njhlh;ghd tplaq;fspy; murhq;f xOq;F tpjpfspy; tpjpf;fg;gl;Ls;s eilKiwfs; gpd;gw;wg;gly; Ntz;Lk;.

5. cz;br;rhiyfSf; hiyfSf;fhd kpd;rhuk;


cz;br;rhiynahd;Wf;fhd kpd;rhuk; toq;fg;gLtJ chpa jpizf;fsj;jpd; nryTj; jiyg;gpypUe;jhFk;. Mjyhy;> cz;br;rhiy xg;ge;jj;jpd;fo P ; elhj;jg;gLtjhapd; kpd;rhuk; xg;ge;jfhuUf;F ,ytrkhf toq;fg;gLnkd;w mbg;gilapNyNa Nfs;tpfs; mikjy; Ntz;Lk;.

6. mDkjpf;fg;glhj glhj nrytpd tplaq;fs;


eyNdhk;gYf;fhf xJf;fL P nra;ag;gl;l gzj;jhy; Nkw;nfhs;sg;glf; nrytpdq;fSk; nfhs;tdT nra;af; $lhj nghUl;fSk; cz;br;rhiy cz;br;rhiyf; fl;llnkhd;wpd; epUkhzKk;> jpUj;j NtiyfSk; fhrhsh; Nkirfs;. Nkir tpupg;Gf;fs;. nkOFj; JzpfSk;> gpsh];upf; JzpfSk; cj;juTg;gj;jpuf; fl;lzq;fs;. cz;bf;fyq;fs; fhR ngWifg; gjpT ,ae;jpuq;fs;. nghOJ Nghf;F tpisahl;Lf;fs; thndhyp> njhiyf;fhl;rp> tPbNah thndhyp fnrl;> xypg;gjpT ,ae;jpuk;> ,];jphpg; ngl;b> Jzpr; ryit ,ae;jpuk;> jl;lq;fspd; ryit ,ae;jpuk;> nra;jpg; gj;jphpiffs; Nkirg; ge;J - ge;Jfs; kw;Wk; kl;ilfspd; kPs; tpepNahfk; nldp]; - tiyfs; jtph;ej ; Vida cgfuzq;fs; ngl;kpd;ud; - G+f;fs; kw;Wk; kl;ilfspd; kPs; tpepNahfk; n`hf;fp midj;J cgfuzq;fs; cijge;J Nkyq;fpfs;> rg;ghj;Jfs; ghue;J}f;Fk; cgfuzq;fs; Ml;lr; rPlL ; f;fs; jpiug;glf; fUtpAk;> jpiu tPoj ; j ; pAk; nghJthdit Esk;G tiyfs; fz;zhbfs; tpisahl;luq;F cgfuzq;fs; c+k; CQ;ryfs;; kuj;jsghlq;fisg; gOJghh;jj ; y; mwptpj;jy; gyiffs; Filfs; fl;by;fs;> nkj;ijfs;> jiyaizfs; ciwfs; kw;Wk; gLf;if tphpg;Gf;fs;
243

$lhj

CQ;ry;fs;

kw;Wk;

cah;

jho;

mj;jpahak; XXIII
rpytif Neha;fshy; gPbf;fg;gl;Ls;s murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;ju;fSf;fhd tpNrl rYiffs; kw;Wk; mit njhlu;ghd epge;jidfs;
1.

KOr; rk;gsj;Jldhd tpNrl yPTfs; 1.1 fhr Neha; 1.2 F\l ; Nuhfk; 1.3 Gw;WNeha;

2. yPTfs; Kbtile;jjd; gpd;du; 3. ,ilapilNa ghpNrhjpj;Jf; nfhs;sy; 4. rhjfkhd fhyepiyAk;> ,yFthd flikfSk; 5. Gdu;tho;T

244

mj;jpahak; XXIII
rpytif Neha;fshy; gPbf;fg;gl;Ls;s murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;ju;fSf;fhd tpNrl rYiffs; kw;Wk; mit njhlu;ghd epge;jidfs;
1. KOr; rk;gsj;Jldhd tpNrl yPTfs;
murhq;f Nritapy; cs;s epue;ju cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtUf;Fk;> khjhe;j rk;gsj;jpd; mbg;gilapy; my;yJ ehl;rk;gsj;jpd; mbg;gilapy; my;yJ ehl;rk;gsk; kw;Wk; khjr; rk;gsj;jpd; mbg;gilapy; xUtUl Nritf; fhyj;ij G+u;jj ; p nra;Js;s jw;fhypf Copau; xUtUf;Fk; njhlh;rr ; pahd xU tUl Nritf; fhyKs;s mka Copah; xUtUf;Fk; raNuhfk;> F\;lNuhfk; my;yJ Gw;WNeha; fhzg;gLkplj;J Fzkiltjw;fhd mjpf tha;gG ; cs;snjd kUj;Jtr; rig xd;wpdhy; jPuk ; hdpf;fg;gl;lhy;; gpd;tUk; tpjj;jpy; KOr; rk;gsj;Jldhd tpNrl yPtpidg; ngw;Wf;nfhLf;f KbAk;. 1:1 raNuhfk; - xUKiwf;F xd;gJ khjk; tPjk; ,ilapilNa ,U jlitfs; KOr; rk;gsj;Jld; $ba tpNrl tpLKiwia toq;f KbAk;. mjhtJ Kjy; Kiwapy; xd;gJ khjq;fSf;Nf tpLKiwia toq;f KbAk;. mjd; gpd;du; mtu; kPzL ; k; Nritf;F te;J ehd;F tUlq;fSf;Ff; Fiwahj fhyk; Nritahw;wpajd; gpd;du; kPzL ; k; xd;gJ khjq;fSf;F tpLKiwia toq;f KbAk;. 1:2 F \l ; Nuhfk; - 22 khjq;fSf;F $lhjthW KOr; rk;gsj;Jld; $ba tpNrl tpLKiwia toq;f KbAk;. 1:3 Gw;WNeha; - 06 khjq;fSf;F $lhj xU fhyj;jpw;F KOr; rk;gsj;Jld; $ba tpNrl tpLKiwia toq;f KbAk;.

2. yPTfs; Kbtile;jjd; gpd;du;


KOr; rk;gsj;Jld; $ba mj;jifa tpNrl yPT toq;fg;gl Ntz;baJ> nghJthd yPT xOq;F tpjpfspd; fPo; cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F ; upa nghJthd rk;gsj;Jld; $ba yPTfs; Kbtile;j gpd;dUk; mt;thNw 2.1 Kjy; 2.5 tiuapyhd cg gpupTfspy; fhzg;gLfpd;w Njitg;ghLfs; G+u;jj ; p nra;ag;gl;LkpUe;jhy; khj;jpuNkahFk;. 2:1 cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; raNuhfj;jhy; my;yJ F\;lNuhfj;jhy; my;yJ Gw;WNehahy; gPbf;fg;gl;Ls;shnudf; Fwpg;gpLfpd;w KjyhtJ kUj;Jtr; rhd;wpjo; fpilf;fg;ngw;wjd; gpd;du;> mtu; Fzkiltjw;fhd NghjpasT rhj;jpag;ghL fhzg;gLfpd;wjh ,y;iyah vd;gjidj; jPhk ; hdpj;Jf;; nfhs;tjw;fhf jpizf;fsj; jiytu; Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jiu kUj;Jtr; rig xd;wplk; mDg;Gjy; Ntz;Lk;. 2:2 kUj;Jtr; rig ngw;Wf;nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. ghpe;Jiu nra;fpd;w rpfpr;irfis cj;jpNahfj;ju; xOq;fpYk;

2:3 raNuhfk;; njhlu;gpyhapd; fPot ; Uk; tpjj;jpYk; Kd;Dhpik Kbe;jsT rpfpr;irfisg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;

245

mj;jpahak; XXIII

raNuhf rpfpr;ir epiyankhd;wpy; my;yJ gpuhe;jpa kUj;Jtkid xd;wpd; raNuhf thl;by;> my;yJ gpuhe;jpa kUj;Jtkid xd;wpy; tPlb ; y; : (tPlb ; y; rpfpr;ir ngwy;) ,r;rpfpr;ir ngwg;gl Ntz;baJ raNuhf kUj;Jt epGzu; xUtupd; MNyhrid kw;Wk; fl;lisapd; gpufhuk; khj;jpuNkahFk;. mj;jifa kUj;Jt epGzu; xUtupd; MNyhridapidg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;s Kbahjtplj;J jifik ngw;w NtnwhU kUj;Jtupd; fl;lisfs;> mwpTWj;jy;fSf;F mikaNtahFk;. 2:4 KOr; rk;gsj;Jld; mDkjpf;fg;gLfpd;w xt;nthU tpNrl yPTf; fhyj;jpw;Fnkd Kiwahd kUj;Jtr; rhd;wpjo; xd;iw my;yJ kUj;Jt mwpf;if xd;wpid itj;jpUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 2:5 ,q;F 2.2 my;yJ 2.3 gpuptpd; fPo; cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtUf;F toq;fg;gLfpd;w tpNrl yPtpd; KOf; fhyKk; Kbtiltjw;F rpwpJ ehl;fSf;F Kd;du;> Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jh; Fzkiltjw;fhd mjpf tha;gG ; f;fs; cs;sdth? ,y;iyah? vd;gJ gw;wpAk; njhlu;eJ ; gzpahw;Wtjw;F mtu; nghUj;jkhdtuh? vd;gJ gw;wpAk; tpsf;Ffpd;w mwpf;ifnahd;wpid kUj;Jt rignahd;wplkpUe;J ngw;Wf;nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. 2:6 ,t;tj;jpahaj;jpd; fPo; toq;fg;glf; $ba KOr; rk;gsj;Jldhd yPTfs; Kbtile;jjd; gpd;du;> nghJthd yPT xOq;F tpjpfspd; fPo; Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F miur; rk;gsj;Jldhd yPtpid mDkjpf;f KbAk;. 2:7 ,t;tj;jpahaj;jpd; fl;lisfSf;fika KOr; rk;gsj;JlDk;> miur; rk;gsj;JlDk; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;ff; $ba yPTfs; midj;Jk; Kbtile;jjd; gpd;du;> Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F rk;gskw;w yPtpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhLj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. ,t;thwhdnthU xU re;ju;gg ; j;jpy; cj;jpNahfj;jupdJk; epUthfj;jpdJk; ed;ik fUjp njhlu;eJ ; k; rk;gskw;w yPT toq;FtJ nghUj;jkhdjh my;yJ Fwpjj ; cj;jpNahfj;jiu kUj;Jtf; fhuzq;fSf;fhf Xa;T ngwr; nra;tJ mDg;GtJ rpwe;jjh vd;gJ gw;wpa jPuf ; f ; khd mwpf;ifnahd;wpid ntspapLkhW kUj;Jt rigaplk; NfhUjy; Ntz;Lk;.

3. ,ilapilNa gupNrhjpj; gupNrhjpj;Jf; nfhs;sy;


3:1 raNuhfk; fhuzkhf Nritf;F rKfkspf;fhj cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; vt;tsT fhyj;jpw;F gpd;duhapDk; kPzL ; k; flikf;F jpUk;gpajd; gpd;du;> Mff; Fiwe;jJ %d;W khjq;fSf;F xUKiwNaDk; (my;yJ NtW kUj;Jt tpLKiw ngw;Wf; nfhs;Skplj;J mjw;Fk; Kd;dhy;) mUfpYs;s khu;G Neha; kUj;Jtkid xd;wpw;F my;yJ raNuhf rpfpr;ir epiyankhd;wpw;F nrd;W jd;id gupNrhjidf;Fl;gLj;jp me;j xt;nthU jlitAk; khu;G Neha; kUj;Jtkidf;F my;yJ raNuhf rpfpr;ir epiyaj;Jf;Fg; nghWg;ghd kUj;Jtuplk; RfNjfp vdgjw;fhd rhd;wpjiog; ngw;Wf; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. 3:2 fhyj;jpw;Ff; fhyk; mt;thW gupNrhjid nra;J nfhs;sr; nry;fpd;w Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F Njitahapd; flik tpLKiwiaAk; khu;G Neha; kUj;Jtkidf;F my;yJ raNuhf rpfpr;ir epiyaj;jpw;Fr; nry;tjw;Fj; Njitahd ,ytr Gifapuj Mizr;rl P i ; lAk; toq;f KbAk;. vdpDk; gpuahzr; nryit toq;fyhfhJ.

246

mj;jpahak; XXIII

4. rhjfkhd fhyepiyAk; ,yF flikfSk;


ahNuDNkhH cj;jpNahfj;ju; Fzkile;Js;shnudTk; ,yF flikfis xg;gilj;jy; my;yJ rhjfkhd fhyepiy fhzg;gLfpd;w xU gpuNjrj;jpy; mike;Js;s mYtyfnkhd;wpNy gzpahw;Wtjw;fhf epakpj;jy; Nghd;w rpy epge;jidfs; kPJ kPzL ; k; flikapidg; nghWg;Ngw;f mtu; nghUj;jkhdtnud kUj;Jt rignahd;wpdhy; cWjp nra;ag;gLkplj;J> rigapdhy; ghpe;Jiu nra;ag;gl;lthW mtUf;F ,yF nghWg;Gf;fis xg;gilj;jNyh my;yJ nghUj;jkhd mYtyfk; xd;wpw;F epakpj;jNyh Ntz;Lk;. ,r;rYifapid M];kh Nehapdhy; gPbf;fg;gl;Ls;s murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtUk; kUj;Jtr; rhd;wpjopd; mg;gilapy;; ngw;Wf;nfhs;s KbAk;.

5. Gdu;tho;T
Gdu;tho;T vd;gJ rpfpr;irapd; Kf;fpakhdNjhh; mq;fkhf tpsq;Ftjdhy;> cj;jpNahfj;ju; RftPdKw;wpUe;jik mtuJ md;whlf; flikfis epiwNtw;Wtjw;Fj; jilahf mikaf; $lhJ. cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; flik tho;fi ; ff;Fg; nghUj;jkhd tpjj;jpy; mtUila Gdu;tho;it mile;J nfhs;s jpizf;fsj; jiytu; mtuhy; Kbe;j rfy cjtpfisAk; ngw;Wf;nfhLj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.

247

mj;jpahak; - XXIV
rk;gsf; fld; ; s;; kw;Wk; Kw;gzq;fs; fldf
1. 2. 3. 4. nghJ tplaq;fs; fld;fs;/ Kw;gzq; zq;fs; toq;fg;gl Kbe;j tplaq;fs; fld; nfhLg;gjw;f ; hd nghJ epge;jidfs; fld; njhifnahd;iw kPsr; nrYj;Jtjw;F Kd;dh; Xa;TngWfpd; ngWfpd;w my;yJ kuzpf;fpd;w my;yJ Nrit KbTWj;jg;gLfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; kw;Wk; $l;Lj;jhgd Nritf;fhf tpLtpf;fg;gLfpd; Lfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; fld; mDkjpf;fpd; ; mjpfhupfs; pdw fld; toq;Ffpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jupd; nghWg;Gf;fs; Nkhl;lhu; fld; thfdk; xd;iwf; nfhs;tdT nra;tjw;fhd

5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 10. 11. 11.

Nkhl;lhu; irf;fps; xd;iw/ ];$l;lu; xd;iwf; nfhs;tdT nra;tjw;fhd fld;. kpjptz;b xd;iwf; wf; nfhs;tdT nra;tjw;fhd fld;. ,Lf;fz; fld;fSk; Vida fld; fld;fSk; tPnlhd;iwf; fl;Ltjw;fhf fhzp xd;wpid my;yJ tPnlhd;Wld; $ba nrhj;njhd;iwf; nfhs;tdT wf; nra;tjw;fhd fld; fld; gStpypUe; gStpypUe;J tpLgLtjw;fhd fld; tpoh Kw;gzk;

12. 12. 13. 13.

248

mj;jpahak; XXIV
rk;gsf; fld;fs; fs; kw;Wk; Kw;gzq; zq;fs;
1. nghJ tplaq;fs;
1:1 NtW nghUs;Nfhlnyhd;W jug;gl;Ls;s re;jh;gg ; nkhd;W jtpu;ej ; > ,t;tj;jpahaj;jpy; rk;gsk; vDk; nrhy;yhy; fUjg;gLtJ jpuz;l rk;gsk; MFk;. 1:2 murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;ju;fSf;F> ,t;Ntw;ghLfspd; fPo; rk;gsf; fld;fisf; nfhLg;gjw;fhf gzk; xJf;fL P nra;ag;gLtJ> tUlhe;j tuT nryT kjpg;gL P fspd; II Mk; gFjpapd;> Kw;gzf; fzf;Ffspd; mur Copau;fSf;fhd Kw;gzk; vDk; jiyg;gpd; fPohFk;. mjpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s tiuaiwfSf;F mg;ghy; nry;tjw;F mikr;ruitapd; Kd;dDkjp mtrpakhFk;. 1:3 fld; tpz;zg;gjhupnahUthpd; jifik gw;wpAk; Nfhupf;ifapd; cz;ikj; jd;ik gw;wpAk; flid mq;ff P upf;fpd;w mjpfhup jpUg;jpailjy; Ntz;Lk;. 1:4 2Mk; gpuptpd; fPo; mDkjpf;fg;gl;Ls;s kl;LNk fld; nfhLj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. tpNrl gzpfspy; xd;wpw;fhf

1:5 fld; njhifnahd;W toq;fg;gl Ntz;baJ> 3Mk;> 4Mk; gpupTfspy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s nghJ tpjpfSf;Fk; epge;jidfSf;Fk; mikthfTk;> 07 njhlf;fk; 12 tiuapyhd gpupTfspy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s ntt;NtW tif fld;fSf;Fhpa tpNrl epge;jidfSf;F mikthfTk; MFk;. 1:6 cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; ,lkhw;wk; nra;ag;gLk; NghJ mtu; vj;jpizf;fsj;jpypUe;J my;yJ vt;tYtyfj;jpypUe;J ,lkhw;wk; nra;ag;gl;lhNuh> mj;jpizf;fsk; my;yJ mYtyfk; mt;Tj;jpNahfj;juplkpUe;J mwtplg;gl Ntz;ba fld;fs; my;yJ Kw;gzq;fs; njhlu;ghd midj;J jfty;fisAk;> chpa khjpupg; gbtq;fs; %yk;> mt;Tj;jpNahfj;ju; ,lkhw;wk; ngw;Wr; nry;fpd;w jpizf;fsj;jpw;Fj; jhkjkpd;wp mwptpj;J> mt;Tj;jpNahfj;juplkpUe;J mwtplg;gl Ntz;ba njhifia mwtpl;Lf;nfhs;tjw;fhf mt;tpguq;fis Gjpa jpizf;fsk; cupa Kiwapy; Fwpj;Jf; nfhz;lnjd;w jfty; mlq;fpa fbjk; xd;iw mj;jpizf;fsj;jplkpUe;J ngw;Wf; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. 1:7 xg;ge;jk;> gpizKwp> ml;Nlhu;dpg; gj;jpuk;> cupj;JWjp Mfpa Mtzq;fis cj;jpNahfj;ju; ,lkhw;wk; ngw;Wr; nry;Yk; jpizf;fsj;jpw;F mDg;ghky; cj;jpNahfj;ju; fld; ngw;w jpizf;fsj;jpd; nghWg;gpy; itj;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk;. mt;thtzq;fis tpLtpf;f Ntz;baJ tl;b kw;Wk; (cupa re;ju;gg ; q;fspy;) fhg;GWjpj; jtiz cl;gl nkhj;j fld; njhifiaAk; nrYj;jp Kbj;jjd; gpd;dNuahFk;.

2. fld;fs; fs;/ Kw;gzq; zq;fs; toq;fg;glf; $ba tplaq;fs;


Nkhl;lhu; thfdnkhd;iw nfhs;tdT nra;tjw;fhf (7Mk; gpupT) Nkhl;lhu; irf;fps; / ];$l;lu; xd;wpidf; nfhs;tdT nra;tjw;fhf (8Mk; gpupT) kpjptz;b xd;iwf; nfhs;tdT nra;tjw;fhf (9Mk; gpupT) gzf; f\;lq;fspypUe;J tpLgLtjw;fhfTk; NtW vitNaDk;; Kf;fpa tplaq;fSf;fhfTk; (10Mk; gpupT) tPnlhd;iwf; fl;Ltjw;fhf fhzpnahd;iw my;yJ tPlL ; ld; $ba Mjdnkhd;iwf; nfhs;tdT nra;tjw;fhf (11Mk; gpupT)> fld; RikapypUe;J tpLgLtjw;fhf (12 Mk; gpupT)> tUlhe;j tpoh xd;wpid elhj;Jtjw;fhf (13Mk; gpupT)
249

mj;jpahak; XXIV

3. fld; nfhLg;gjw;f ; hd nghJ epge;jidfs;


3:1 KOf;fld; njhifAk; mJ jhkjkpdw ; p gad;gLj;jg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. ngw;Wf;nfhLf;fg;gl;l gzpf;fhf fhy

3:1:1 KOf; fld; njhifANkh my;yJ mjd; xU gFjpNah> mJ vg;gzpf;fhf toq;fg;gl;lNjh mg;gzpf;fhfg; gad;gLj;jgglhtpbd;> re;jh;gg ; j;jpw;Nfw;wthW mg;gzj;jpd; KOj; njhifANkh my;yJ nrytopf;fg;glhky; vQ;rpAs;s gFjpNah cldbahf kPsr; nrYj;jg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. 3:1:2 thfdnkhd;iw my;yJ tPnlhd;iwf; fl;Ltjw;fhd fhzpnahd;iw my;yJ tPlL ; Mjdnkhd;iwf; nfhs;tdT nra;tjw;fhf fld; toq;fg;gLkplj;J> mf;fld; njhif ngw;Wf;nfhs;sg;gl;l jpfjpapypUe;J ,uz;L thuq;fSf;F ; s; nfhs;tdTg; gzpia epiwT nra;J> mjw;fhd rhl;rpahf rku;g;gpf;fg;gl Ntz;ba Mtzq;fis rku;gg ; pf;fhtpbd;> fldhff; nfhLf;fg;gl;l gzj;ij cldbahf murhq;fj;jpw;F kPsr; nrYj;Jjy; Ntz;Lk;. 3:1:3 vtNuDNkhh; cj;jpNahfj;ju; cupa Kiwg;gb KOf;fld; njhifiaAk; my;yJ nrytopf;fg;glhJs;s vQ;rpAs;s gFjpapid cld; jpUg;gpf; nfhLf;fj; jtWkplj;J> fld; nfhLf;Fk; mjpfhup> cj;jpNahfj;jhplkpUe;J mwtplg;gl Ntz;ba KOj; njhifiaAk; kPsr; nrYj;Jk; tiu cldbahf khjhe;j fld; jtizia ,Uklq;fhf;fp tl;b tPjj;ij 5% tPjj;jhy; mjpfhpf;fr; nra;jy; Ntz;Lk;. NkYk; Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F vjpuhf xOf;fhw;W eltbf;ifapidAk; vLj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 3:2 cWjpg;gLj;jy; Mtzq;fs; - fld; nfhLg;gjw;F Kd;du; my;yJ gpd;du; rku;g;gpf;f Ntz;ba (kjpg;gL P fs;> gw;Wr; rPlL ; f;fs; chpikapid ep&gpf;Fk; Mtzq;fs; Nghd;w) Njitahd midj;J Mtzq;fisAk; flidg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;fpd;w cj;jpNahfj;ju; jhkjkpd;wp rku;g;gpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 3:3 cz;ikahf cwg; cwg;gl;l nrytpw;F fld; gzj;ij <L nra;jy; : fld; njhifahdJ> xt;nthU tiff;FKhpa fld; njhlu;ghf tpjpf;fg;gl;Ls;s cr;r vy;iyf;F cl;gl;ljhapUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. vt;thwhapDk; mf;fld; njhifahdJ> ve;jnthU re;ju;gg ; j;jpYk; nfhs;tdT nra;ag;gLfpd;w nghUspd; my;yJ Mjdj;jpd; my;yJ fld; toq;fg;gl;l gzpapd; cz;ikahd nryit tpQ;rf; $lhJ. 3:3:1 thfdnkhd;W njhlu;ghf nryT vd;gjpy; cj;juTg;gj;jpuf; fl;lzq;fs;> fhg;GWjpf; fl;lzq;fs; my;yJ gOJghh;gG ; f; fl;lzq;fs; vd;gd cs;slf;fg;glyhfhJ. 3:3:2 fl;blnkhd;iw epu;khzpg;gjw;fhff; fhzpnahd;iw my;yJ tPlL ; ld; $ba Mjdnkhd;iwf; nfhs;tdT nra;jy; njhlu;ghd nryT vd;gjpy; msitf; fl;lzq;fNsh> Kj;jpiuf; fl;lzq;fNsh> cWjpf; fl;lzq;fNsh my;yJ Fwpj;j Mjdj;jpd; nfhs;tpiy jtph;ej ; NtW vr;nrytpdNkh cs;slf;fg;glf; $lhJ. vdpDk;> 11:4:2 Mk; cg gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sthW cupj;Jj; njhlu;ghd mwpf;ifiar; rku;gg ; pf;fntdr; nrYj;jg;gLfpd;w rl;lj;juzpf;fhd fl;lzk; ,jpy; cs;slf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 3:3:3 Vida re;ju;gg ; q;fspy; nryT vd;gjpy; mg;nghUspd; nfhs;tdT eltbf;iffspd; my;yJ fld; nfhLf;fg;gLfpd;w Nehf;fj;jpd; ,ilNeh; tpisthd my;yJ Jiz epiyahd ve;jnthU nryitAk; cs;slf;ff; $lhJ. 3:5 (20Mk; khjhe;j mwtPlL ; f;; $l;Lj;njhiffspd; vy;iy: fld; jtizf;fhfTk; mj;jpahaj;jpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s mwtPLfs; jtph;ej ; ) NtW
250

mj;jpahak; XXIV

mwtPLfSf;fhfTk;> vtNuDNkhH cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; rk;gsg; gl;baypypUe;J khjnkhd;wpw;F Fiwf;fg;gLfpd;w nkhj;jj; njhif> 800 &gh my;yJ mjdpYk; $ba khjr; rk;gsj;ijg; ngWfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUthplkpUe;njd;d mtuJ rk;gsj;jpypUe;J 40 rjtPjj;ijAk;> 800 &ghtpw;F Fiwe;j rk;gsj;ijg; ngWfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUthplkpUe;jhapd; mtuJ rk;gsj;jpypUe;J 331/3 rjtPjj;ijAk; tpQ;rf;$lhJ. 3:5:1 ,t;nty;iyfis jhz;br; nry;Yk; tpjj;jpy; fld; njhif xd;wpid toq;fyhfhJ. 3:6 cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F toq;fg;gLk; midj;Jf; fld; njhiffisAk; xU njhifahf xd;WNrh;jj ; y; Ntz;Lk;. mj;Jld; flid kPs mwtpLk; jtizfis gpd;t ; UkhW fzpg;gply; Ntz;Lk;. fld;n ; jhif 3 3 1 2 3 4 5 khj rk;gsk; my;yJ mjdpYk; FiwthdJ khj rk;gsj;jpw;F Nky; kw;Wk; 12 khj rk;gsk; tiu tUl rk;gsj;jpw;F Nky; kw;Wk; 2 tUl rk;gsk; tiu tUl rk;gsj;jpw;F Nky; kw;Wk; 3 tUl rk;gsk; tiu tUl rk;gsj;jpw;F Nky; kw;Wk;; 4 tUl rk;gsk; tiu tUl rk;gsj;jpw;F Nky; kw;Wk; 5 tUl rk;gsk; tiu tUl rk;gsj;jpw;F Nky; khjhe;j rk;gsj;jpy; E}w;W tPjk; 10 15 20 25 30 35 40

3:7 fld; njhifia kPs; mwtpLk; gzpapid fld; njhif nfhLf;fg;gl;l khjj;jpw;F cldLj;j khjj;jpypUe;J Muk;gpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 3:8 (tpoh Kw;gzk; jtph;ej ; ) midj;Jf; fld; njhiffs; njhlu;ghfTk; E}w;wpw;F 7.2 (VO jrk; ,uz;L) tPjk; tl;b mwtplNtz;Lnkd;gNjhL> mij khjhe;jk; mwtplYk; Ntz;Lk;. 3:8:1 xt;nthU khjj;jpYk; mwtpl Ntz;ba tl;bapd; msitf; fzpg;gpl Ntz;baJ ,q;F 21 Mk; gpd;dpizg;gpy;; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s eilKiwf;fikaNtahFk;. mwtpl Ntz;ba khjhe;j tl;biaf; fzpg;gpLtjw;F Muk;gj;jpy; mbg;gilahff; nfhz;l jtizfspd; vz;zpf;ifia tplf; Fiwe;j jtizfspy;; fld; gzj;ij kPsr; nrYj;Jfpd;w re;ju;gg ; nkhd;wpy; my;yJ cupa fhyj;jpw;F Kd; KOf;fld; gzj;ijAk; kPs nryj;Jfpd;w re;jh;gg ; nkhd;wpy; mwtpl Ntz;ba nkhj;j tl;b> 21 Mk; gpd;dpizg;gpy;; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sthW kPzL ; k; fzg;gplg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 3:9 fld; njhifiaAk;> mjw;Fr; nrYj;jg;gl Ntz;ba nkhj;j tl;biaAk; nrYj;jp KbAk; tiu> toq;fg;gl;l fld; %yk; nfhs;tdT nra;ag;gl;l thfdk;> tPL my;yJ fhzp njhlu;ghf murhq;fj;jpw;F cupikAz;L. flid mDkjpj;j mjpfhupapd; Kd;dDkjpapd;wp mjid tpw;gid nra;jy;> mlF itj;jy; my;yJ NtW tpjj;jpy; gpwu; cilikahf;Fjy; $lhJ. 3:9:1 mt;thW mDkjpiag; ngw;Wf;nfhz;L VNjDNkhh; chpik khw;wy;> tpw;gid my;yJ gpwu; cilikahf;fy; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gbd; fld; gzj;jpypUe;J nrYj;j vQ;rpAs;s kPjpg; gzj;ij cj;jpNahfj;ju; clNd nrYj;Jjy;; Ntz;Lk;. 3:9:2 vt;thwhapDk; Nkhl;lhu; thfdnkhd;iwf; nfhs;tdT nra;tjw;fhf toq;fg;gl;Ls;s fld; gzj;jpypUe;J kPsr; nrYj;j Ntz;ba kPjpia> jpUg;gpr; nrYj;Jtjw;Fg; gjpyhf> mij NtW thfdnkhd;iwf; nfhs;tdT nra;tjw;fhfg; gad;gLj;Jtjw;F cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F mDkjp toq;f fld; njhifapid mDkjpj;j mjpfhupf;F KbAk;. mt;thW nfhs;tdT
251

mj;jpahak; XXIV

nra;ag;gLfpd;w Nkhl;lhu; thfdj;jpd; ngWkjp fld; gzj;jpypUe;J kPsr; nrYj;jg;gl Ntz;bAs;s kPjpia tpl tpQ;rpAs;snjd;gjw;F jpizf;fsj; jiytu; nghWg;ghjy; Ntz;Lk;. Nkhl;lhu; thfdnkhd;iwf; nfhs;tdT nra;tjw;fhf toq;fg;gLfpd;w fld; jtph;ej ; NtW ve;jf;; fld; njhif rhu;ghfTk; ,r;rYif toq;fg;gl khl;lhJ. 3:10 fld; njhifnahd;wpd; %yk;; nfhs;tdT nra;ag;gl;l ve;jnthU thfdj;ijahapDk;> KOf;fld; njhiff;F my;yJ fld; njhifapy; kPsr; nrYj;jg;glTs;s kPjpjn ; jhiff;Ff; Fiwahj ngWkjpf;F midj;J tifahd Mgj;Jf;fs; njhlu;ghfTk;> murhq;ff; fhg;GWjp $l;Lj;jhgdj;jpy; KO msthd fhg;GWjp nra;ag;gl;bUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 3:11 ngw;Wf;nfhz;l fld; njhifiag; gad;gLj;jpf; nfhs;tdT nra;j thfdk; xd;wpw;F> tPnlhd;wpw;F my;yJ Mjdnkhd;wpw;F VNjDnkhU fhuzj;jpdhy; Vw;gLfpd;w jpBu; tpgj;J> Nrjnkhd;W my;yJ el;lnkhd;wpdhy; my;yJ fldhff; nfhLf;fg;gLfpd;w njhif gad;gLj;jg;gl Kd;dH; fhzhkw; Nghdikahy; KOf;fld; njhif kw;Wk; mwtplg;gl Ntz;ba tl;b vd;gtw;wpypUe;Jk; (cupa re;ju;gg ; qq;fspy;) fhg;GWjpj; jtiziar; nrYj;Jk; nghWg;gpypUe;Jk; fld; ngw;Wf; nfhz;l cj;jpNahfj;ju; my;yJ mtUila gpizahsu; tpLgl khl;lhu;. 3:12 thfdnkhd;iw nrhe;jkhf itj;Js;s cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu;> jdJ thfdj;ij KOikahf tpw;g ; id nra;tjd; %yNkh my;yJ nfhs;tdT nra;fpd;w NtnwhU thfdj;jpd; ngWkjpapy; xU gFjpiag; gjpyPL nra;tjd; %yNkh my;yJ mt;thfdj;ijg; gpwu; cilikahf;Ftjw;F Fwpg;ghdJk; ,WjpAkhd Vw;ghLfis Nkw;nfhz;bUe;jhNyhtd;wp thfdnkhd;iwf; nfhs;tdT nra;a mtUf;Ff; fld; njhif xd;wpid toq;ff; $lhJ. 3:13 gpd;tUk; gbtq;fs; %yNk fld; njhif xd;wpw;fhf Ntz;Lk;. nghJ khjpupg; gbtk; 262 - tPnlhd;iwf; fl;Ltjw;fhd my;yJ tPlL ; Mjdnkhd;iwf; nfhs;tdT nra;tjw;fhf nghJ khjpupg; gbtk; 92 Nkhl;lhu; kpjptz;bnahd;iwf; nfhs;tdT nra;tjw;fhf fld; toq;Fk; mjpfhupapdhy; midj;J gzpfSf;fhfTk;. jahupf;fg;gl;l tpz;zg;gpj;jy; fhzpnahd;iw my;yJ Vida

thfdnkhd;iw khjpupg; gbtk;

3:14 ahNjDnkhU fld; njhif xd;wpid toq;Ftjw;F Kd;dh;> fPo; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s gbtq;fspyhd vOj;J %y xg;ge;jnkhd;wpy; ifr;rhj;jply; Ntz;Lk;. nghJ khjpupg; gbtk; 263 tPnlhd;iwf; fl;Ltjw;F fhzpnahd;iw my;yJ tPlL ; Mjdnkhd;iwf; nfhs;tdT nra;tjw;fhf nghJ khjpupg; nra;tjw;fhf gbtk; 192 Nkhl;lhu; thfdnkhd;iwf; nfhs;tdT

nghJ khjpupg; gbtk; 251 - kpjptz;b xd;iw nfhs;tdT nra;tjw;fhf nghJ khjpupg; gbtk; 272 - Vida midj;J gzpfSf;fhfTk; 3:14:1 cld;gbf;ifAld; gpiz Kwpnahd;W vOjg;glhtplj;J cld;gbf;ifg; gbtj;jpw;F 1 &gha; Kj;jpiunahd;W xl;lg;gly; Ntz;Lk;.

252

mj;jpahak; XXIV

3:15 gpiz Kwpnahd;W Njitg;gLk; re;ju;gg ; q;fspy;> mjid vOjpf; ifnahg;gkpl Ntz;baJ> gpd;tUk; khjpupg; gbtj;jpNyNaahFk;. mJ rl;lj;juzp xUtu; Kd;dpiyapy; ifr;rhj;jplg;gly; Ntz;Lnkd;W tpjpf;fg;gl;bUg;gpd; flidf; nfhLf;f Kd;du; mt;thW ifnahg;gkpl;bUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. nghJ khjpupg; gbtk; 264 : tPL xd;iwf; fl;Ltjw;fhd fhzpnahd;iw my;yJ tPlL ; Mjdnkhd;iwf;; nfhs;tdT nra;tjw;F nghJ khjpupg; gbtk; 158 : Vida midj;J tifahd fld; tiffSf;Fk;. 3:16 1982 Mk; Mz;bd; 43 Mk; ,yf;f Kj;jpiuf; fl;lzq;fs; rl;lj;jpd; fPo; tpjpf;fg;gl;Ls;s ngWkjp nfhz;l Kj;jpiufs; gpiz Kwpfspy; ,lg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. Kj;jpiuapd; ngWkjp 50 &gh my;yJ mij tpl mjpfkhapd; mjid ntl;bNah Jisj;Njh nry;Ygbaw;wjhf;Fjy; Ntz;Lk;. 3:17 ,t;nthOq;F tpjpfspd; fPo; gpizahsu; xUtu; Njitg;gLfpd;w re;ju;gg ; q;fspy; cj;Njr gpizahsu;> gpizahsh; xUtuhf ,Ug;gjw;F jFjpAilatu; vdTk;> gpizg; gj;jpuk; nraw;gLj;jg;gl;lhy; mjd; tpjpfis epiwNtw;Wtjw;F Mw;wYilatnudTk;> jpizf;fsj; jiytu; jpUg;jpailjy; Ntz;Lk;. 3:17:1 gpujhd fldhspapd; fl;Lg;ghl;bd; fPo; gzpGupfpd;w vtNuDNkhh; cj;jpNahfj;jh; mf;Fwpg;gpl;l fldhspapd; gpizasuhf mq;ff P hpf;fg;glkhl;lhh;. (cjhuzkhf : rpw;W}opah; xUtu; my;yJ cgepiy cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtH gjtp epiy cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUf;fhfg; gpizahsuhf mq;ff P hpf;fg;glkhl;lhh;.) 3:17:2 ahNuDNkhh; cj;jpNahfj;ju; gpujhd fldhspahfTk; (mtu; gpizahsuhf xg;gkpl;L kPsspg;G nra;J KbTw;wpy;yhj NtW fld; gzk; njhlu;ghf) gpizahsuhfTk;> muRf;Fk; NyhN`hh; rPkhl;b epjpaj;jpw;Fk; nrYj;Jtjw;Fs;s fld;fspdJk; kw;Wk; cj;Njr Gjpa fld;fspdJk; nkhj;jk;> mtuJ ,uz;L tUl rk;gsj;ij tplTk; mjpfkhapd; my;yJ mj;jifa midj;Jf; fld;fs; kw;Wk; cj;Njr Gjpa fld; njhlu;ghf mwtplg;gLfpd;w khjhe;j foptPLfspd; $l;Lj; njhif 3.5 Mk; cl; gpuptpy; mDkjpf;fg;gl;Ls;s vy;iyfisj; jhz;Lkhapd; mj;jifa cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtiug; gpizahsuhf Vw;Wf; nfhs;sf; $lhJ. 3:17:3 fld; gzj;ij kPsr;nrYj;jp Kbg;gjw;F Kd;dh; Xa;T ngwcs;sikahNyh my;yJ NtnwhU fhuzj;jpdhNyh Nrit KbTWj;jg;glTs;s cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtiu gpizahsu; xUtuhf Kd;itg;gjhapd;> me;j cj;jpNahfj;ju; Xa;T ngWtjw;F my;yJ mtuJ Nrit KbTWj;jg;gLtjw;F Kd;dh;> Vw;Wf;nfhs;sf; $ba NtW xU gpizahsiu jhd; Kd;itg;gjhf fldhsp vOj;J %yk; cWjp nkhopiaf; nfhLj;jhyd;wp mj;jifa cj;jpNahfj;jiu gpizahsuhf Vw;Wf;nfhs;sf; $lhJ. 3:17:4 gpizahsu; xUth; NritapypUe;J ,ilepWj;jk; nra;ag;gl;lhy; my;yJ ,we;jhy; my;yJ NtnwhU fhuzj;jpdhy; mtupd; Nrit KbTWj;jg;gl;lhy;; Vw;Wf; nfhs;sf;$ba NtnwhU gpizahsiu xU khjj;jpw;Fs; Kd;itj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 3:17:5 Nkw;$wg;gl;l ,uz;L cg gpupTfspYk; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sthW Vw;Wf; nfhs;sg;glj;jf;f NtnwhU gpizahsiu Kd;itf;f gpujhd fldhsp jtWkplj;J> kPsr; nrYj;jg;glTs;s fld; kPjpia cldbahfr; nrYj;JkhW mtUf;Ff; fl;lis gpwg;gpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. mth; fld; kPjpia nrYj;Jk; tiu my;yJ NtW Vw;Wf;nfhs;sf; $ba gpizahsiu Kd;i ; tf;Fk; tiu mtupd; khjhe;j jtizg; gzj;ij ,U klq;fhf cah;jj ; p> tl;b tPjj;ijAk; 5 rj tPjj;jhy; mjpfupf;fr; nra;jy; Ntz;Lk;.
253

mj;jpahak; XXIV

3:17:6 Nkw;Fwpj;j cg gpuptpw;Nfw;g eltbf;if vLf;fj; njhlu;eJ ; k; jhkjpj;jhy; ml;Nlhdp jj;Jtk; cs;s ve;jNthh; MjdkhapDk;; cliknfhs;s jpizf;fsj; jiytu; cupa eltbf;iffis vLj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 3:17:7 gpujhd fldhsp NtW Vw;Wf;nfhs;sf; $ba gpizahsu; xUtiur; rku;gg ; pf;Fk; tiu gpizahsuhf ,Uf;Fk; vt;Tj;jpNahfj;jUf;Fk; mtupd; Ra tpUg;gj;jpd; Ngupy; Nfl;L tpyFtjw;F my;yJ Xa;T ngWtjw;F mDkjp toq;fNth my;yJ mtiu NritapypUe;J ,il epWj;jNth my;yJ gpizahsh; vd;w epiyapypUe;J mtiu tpLtpf;fNth $lhJ. 3:17:8 Kjy; gpizahsUf;Fg; gjpyhf ,ilapy;; Nru;f;fg;gLfpd;w gpizahsu; xUtu; gpd;tUk; njhiff;Fg; gpizahjy; Ntz;Lk;.
tPnlhd;iwf; fl;Ltjw;fhf fhzp xd;iw my;yJ tPlL ; nfhs;tdT Mjdnkhd;iwf; nra;tjw;fhd fld; NtW fld;fs;

Gjpa

KOf;fld; njhiff;Fk; gpizahsh; gjpyPL nra;ag;gLifapy; kPsr; nrYj;jg;gl kPjpahfTs;s njhiff;fhf

3:17:9 Kd;G ifr;rhj;jplg;gl;l gpiz Kwpnahd;W ,uj;J nra;ag;gl Ntz;baJ Gjpa gpiz Kwpnahd;W ifr;rhj;jplg;gl;l gpd;dNu MFk;. 3:17:10 mg;gpiz Kwpia ,uj;J nra;a Ntz;baJ> ,q;F 22 Mk; gpd;dpizg;gpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s tpjj;jpyhd Gwf;Fwpg;nghd;iw gpiz Kwpapy; vOjp fldhsp> gpizahsp kw;Wk; murhq;fj;jpd; rhh;gpy; xg;gkpLfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jh; MfpNahh; mjpy; ifr;rhj;jpLjy; %ykhFk;.
T T T T T T T T T T T T T

3:18 fld; njhif xd;wpidg; ngw;Ws;s cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtUf;F ntspehl;Lj; njhopy; xd;Wf;fhf my;yhJ NtNwNjDk; gzpnahd;wpw;fhf rk;gskw;w tpLKiwia toq;f Kd;dh;> mj;jifa tpLKiwapypUf;Fk; fhyg;gFjpapy;; fld; njhif njhlu;ghf khjhe;jk; nrYj;j Ntz;ba jtizf; fl;lzj;ij nrYj;Jtjw;F mt;Tj;jpNahfj;ju;> jpUg;jpfukhd Vw;ghLfis Nkw;nfhz;Ls;sikf;F jpizf;fsj; jiytH nghWg;ghjy; Ntz;Lk;. ,J njhlh;ghd gpujhd nghWg;G rhHe;jpUg;gJ fld; ngw;Wf;nfhz;l cj;jpNahfj;ju; ghyhjjhy; mj;jifa eltbf;ifnahd;iw Nkw;nfhs;fpd;w Njitg;ghl;bypUe;J mtu; tpLgLthnud;gJ ,jd; fUj;jhfhJ. 3:18:1 ntspehl;Lj; njhopnyhd;Wf;Fg; Nghtjw;F rk;gskw;w yPit vLf;fpd;w cj;jpNahfj;ju xUth;> ; me;j yPit vLg;gjw;F Kd;dh;> fld; gzj;ij kPsr; nrYj;jp Kbj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 3:19 Nritapy; epue;jukhf;fg;glhj cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; ,e;epge;jidfspd; fPo; flndhd;iwg; ngwj; jFjpAilatuhff; fhzg;gLfpd;w re;ju;gg ; j;jpy;> mtupd; njhopy; eltbf;iffs; kw;Wk; elj;ij vd;gd jpUg;jpfukhditnadTk;> mtu; Nritapy; epue;jukhf;fg;gl khl;lhh; vd vz;Ztjw;fhd fhuzq;fs; vitAk; fpilahnjdTk;> jpizf;fsj; jiytu; mj;jhl;rpg;gLj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 3:20 NtW epge;jidfs;: ntt;NtW tiffSf;Fhpa fld;fs; njhlu;ghf fPo; Fwpg;gplg;gLfpd;w gpupTfspy; tpjpf;fg;gl;Ls;s NtW tpNrl epge;jidfs; midj;ijAk; filg;gpbj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.

254

mj;jpahak; XXIV

3:21 fld; njhifnahd;wpid kPsr; nrYj;Jtjw;Fupa rl;lq;fs; kw;Wk; epge;jidfs; vtw;iwAk; kPWfpd;w egnuhUtUf;F ,jd; gpd;dh; flndhd;iwg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;Sk; chpik mw;Wg; NghFk;. NkYk; mtu; kPJ xOf;fhw;W eltbf;if vLf;fg;glTk; KbAk;. nkhj;jf;fld; njhifia kPsr;nrYj;JkhW mtUf;Ff; fl;lisaplTk; KbAk;.

4. fld; njhifnahd;iw kPsr; nrYj;jp Kb Kbt tiltjw; iltjw;F Kd;dh; Xa;TngWf my;yJ kuzpf;fpd;w my;yJ Nrit ngWfpd;w KbTWj;jg; jg;gLfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; kw;Wk; $l;Lj;jhgd Nritf;fhf tpLtpf;fg;gLfpd; Lfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu;
4:1 vtNuDNkhh; cj;jpNahfj;jhpd;; Nrit KbTWk; vd vjpu;ghu;ff ; g;gLfpd;w re;jh;gg ; q;fspYk; Xa;T ngWfpd;wikahy; my;yJ NtW VNjDnkhU fhuzj;jpdhy; mtuJ Nrit KbtilaTs;s re;ju;g;gq;fspYk; fld; gzj;ij kPsr; nrYj;jp Kbf;f cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F tha;gg ; spf;Fk; nghUl;L> cupa jtizfspd; vz;zpf;ifapYk; ghh;ff ; f; Fiwe;j jtizfspy;> KOf;fld; njhifiaAk; mwtpl;Lf; nfhs;s KbAk;. vt;thwhapDk; mwtPLfs; 3.5 Mk; cg gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s vy;iyfisj; jhz;lf; $lhJ. 4:1:1 4:2 Mk; cg gpuptpd; fPo; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s tpjptpyf;fpw;Fl;gl;L> cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUthpd;; Nrit epiwtiltjw;F Kd;dh; nkhj;jf; fld; gzj;ijAk; kPs mwtpl;Lf; nfhs;tjw;F Kbahjtplj;J fld; njhifnahd;W toq;fg;glf;; $lhJ. 4:2 4:2:1 Kjy; 4.2.6 tiu fhl;lg;gl;Ls;s cg gphpTfSf;Fl;gl;L Xa;T ngwTs;s cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtUf;F> mtu; Xa;T ngWtjw;F Kd;dh; fld; njhifapid kPs mwtpl;Lf; nfhs;tjw;F Kbahkw;Nghfpd;w NghjpYk; $l jdJ flikia epiwNtw;Wtjw;fhf Nkhl;lhu; thfdnkhd;iwf; nfhs;tdT nra;a 7 Mk; my;yJ 8 Mk; cg gpupTfspd; fPNoh my;yJ ,Lf;fnzhd;iwj; jtpHj;Jf;nfhs;tjw;fhf 10 Mk; cg gpuptpd; fPNoh my;yJ tPnlhd;iwf; fl;Ltjw;fhd fhzpnahd;iw my;yJ tPlL ; Mjdnkhd;iwf; nfhs;tdT nra;tjw;fhf 11 Mk; cg gpuptpd; fPNoh my;yJ 13 Mk; cg gpuptpd; fPNoh fld; njhif xd;iwg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s KbAk;. 4:2:1 mt;thW toq;Ffpd;w fld; njhifnahd;wpid xt;nthU fld; tif njhlu;gpYk; tpjpf;fg;gl;Ls;s vz;zpf;ifahd jtizfspy; my;yJ cj;jpNahfj;jupd; tpUg;gj;jpd; gb mt;ntz;zpf;ifapYk; Fiwe;j jtizfspy;; mwtpl;Lf; nfhs;s KbAk;. NkYk;> 4:2:2 mt;thW toq;Ffpd;w nkhj;jf; fld; njhif kw;Wk; xU jlitapy; kPs mwtplg;gLk; njhif vd;gtw;wpidj; jPuk ; hdpf;f Ntz;baJ> cj;jpNahfj;ju; Xa;T ngWfpd;w re;ju;gg ; j;jpy; kPsf; nfhLj;J Kbf;f Ntz;ba fld; kPjp kw;Wk; murpw;F my;yJ NyhN`hh; rPkhl;b epjpaj;jpw;F nrYj;jg;gl Ntz;ba Vida fld; kPjp vd;gtw;wpd; nkhj;jk;> cj;jpNahfj;ju; Xa;T ngWk; NghJ nrYj;jg;glTs;s fpl;ba khw;wg;gl;l Xa;T+jpaj; njhiff;F Nkw;glhjthwpyhFk;. (cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUth; Xa;T ngWk;NghJ mtUf;Fr; nrYj;j Ntz;b Vw;gLfpd;w khw;wg;gl;l Xa;T+jpaj; njhifapd; fpl;ba ngWkjp ahnjd Njitahapd; Xa;T+jpag; gzpg;ghsuplkpUe;J mwpe;J nfhs;s KbAk;.) NkYk;> 4:2:3 Xa;T ngWtjw;F Kd;dh; nkhj;jf; fld; njhifiaAk; kPsr; nrYj;jp Kbg;gjhf my;yJ Xa;T ngWk; re;ju;gg ; j;jpy; jdJ Xa;T+jpak; khw;wg;gl;ljd; gpd;dh; kPsr; nrYj;jg;gl Ntz;ba fld; epYit NkYkpUg;gpd;> me;epYitiaj; jdJ khw;wg;gl;l Xa;T+jpaj;jpypUe;J mwtpl;Lf; nfhs;s Xa;T+jpag; gzpg;ghsUf;F my;yJ jpizf;fsj; jiytUf;F mjpfhuk; toq;Ftjhf 23 Mk; gpd;dpizg;gpy; fhl;lg;gl;Ls;s gbtj;jpd; gpufhuk; vOjg;gl;l ,uj;J nra;a Kbahj cWjpg; gj;jpunkhd;wpy; Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;ju; ifr;rhj;jply; Ntz;Lk;.
T T T T T T

255

mj;jpahak; XXIV

4:2:4 cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; Xa;T ngwTs;stplj;J> mtuplkpUe;J mwtplg;gl Ntz;bajhAs;s rfy fld;fs;> muRf;Fk; kw;Wk; NyhN`hh; rPkhl;b epjpaj;jpw;Fk; mwtplg;gl Ntz;bAs;s NtW njhiffs; vd;gd gw;wpa tpguq;fis jpizf;fsj; jiytu; Xa;T+jpag; gzpg;ghsuplk; rku;g;gpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 4:2:5 kPsr; nrYj;jy; Kbtilahj fld; njhiff;fhf mwtplg;gl Ntz;bAs;s fld; epYitfs; muRf;F my;yJ NyhN`hh; rPkhl;b epjpaj;jpw;F nfhLg;gdT nra;ag;gl Ntz;ba Vida njhiffs; vd;gtw;iw Xa;T+jpag; gzpg;ghsH Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; khw;wg;gl;l Xa;T+jpaj;jpypUe;J my;yJ Xa;T+jpag; gzpf;n ; fhilj; njhifapypUe;J KOikahf mwtpl;Lf;nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. khw;wg;gl;l Xa;T+jpak; NghJkhdjhf ,y;yhjtplj;J> murhq;fj;jpw;Fr; Nru Ntz;ba rfy njhifapidAk; nrYj;jp Kbf;Fk; tiu cj;jpNahfj;jupd; khjhe;j Xa;T+jpak; kw;Wk; mjDld; rk;ge;jg;gl;l Vida gbfs; vd;gtw;iw KOikahf mjw;fhf mwtpl;Lf; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. 4:2:6 vt;thwhapDk;> tPnlhd;iwf; fl;Ltjw;fhd fhzpnahd;iw my;yJ tPlL ; Mjdnkhd;iwf; nfhs;tdT nra;tjw;fhf toq;fg;gl;l fld; gzj;jpd; kPs;mwtPlb ; d; NghJ KOikahf khw;wg;gl;l Xa;T+jpak; gad;gLj;jg;gl;l gpd;Gk; kPjkhfTs;s fld; kPjpia> cj;jpNahfj;ju; Nritapy; ,Uf;Fk; NghJ mwtpl;l jtizf; fl;lz mbg;gilapy; mtuJ khjhe;j Xa;T+jpaj;jpypUe;J mwtpl;Lf; nfhs;s KbAk;. 4:3 vtNuDNkhH; cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; Nrit KbtilAnkd vjpu;gg ; hh;ff ; g;gLfpd;w jpfjpf;F Kd;dh;; mtupd; Nrit KbTw;why; 4:2:4> 4:2:5 kw;Wk; 4:2:6 Mfpa cg gpupTfspy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sthW eltbf;if vLj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 4:4 ngw;Wf;nfhs;sg;gl;l fld; njhifapid KOikahf mwtpl;Lf; nfhs;tjw;F Kd;dh;> cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUth; kuzpf;Fkplj;J mtuplkpUe;J murpw;F mwtplg;gl Ntz;ba midj;Jj; njhiffisAk; mtUila gpd;Dhpikf;fhuh;fSf;F toq;fg;glTs;s ve;jnthU gzj;jpypUe;Jk; mwtpl;Lf; nfhs;SkhW Xa;T+jpag; gzpg;ghsiu cldbahff; Nfl;Lf; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. 4:4:1 mwtplg;gl Ntz;ba midj;Jj; njhifapidAk;; chpathW mwtpl;Lf;nfhs;s Kbahj re;ju;gg ; q;fspy;> mj;njhifapid gpd;Dhpikf;fhuh;fsplkpUe;J mwtpl;Lf; nfhs;tjw;fhf rl;lkh mjpgupd; MNyhridiag; ngw;Wf;nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. 4:5 murhq;fj;jpw;Fr; Nru Ntz;ba VNjDnkhU njhif gpujhd fldhspaplkpUe;J mwtplg;gl Kbahj re;ju;gg ; q;fspy; mth; njhlh;ghf gpd;gw;wg;gly; Ntz;Lnkd tpjpf;fg;gl;Ls;s nrad;KiwiaNa gpizahsh; njhlh;ghfTk; gpd;gw;wp mj;njhifia gpizahshplkpUe;J mwtpl;Lf; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. 4:6 murpw;F mwtplg;gl Ntz;ba gzj;ij gpujhd fldhspaplkpUe;Njh my;yJ gpizahshplkpUe;Njh> gpujhd fldhsp kuzpjj ; pUe;jhy; mtuJ gpd;Dhpikf;fhuh;fsplkpUe;Njh mwtpl;Lf; nfhs;s Kbahj re;jHg;gq;fspy; ,J njhlu;ghf jhkjkpd;wp rl;lkh mjpguplk; MNyhrid ngwy; Ntz;Lk;. 4:7 mur $l;Lj;jhgdnkhd;wpd; Nritf;fhf jw;fhypfkhf tpLtpf;fg;gl;Ls;s mur cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtUf;F tPnlhd;iwf; fl;Ltjw;fhd fhzpnahd;iw my;yJ tPlL ; Mjdnkhd;iwf; nfhs;tdT nra;a my;yJ NtW gzpf;fhf fld; toq;ff; $lhJ. mt;thwhd cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtUf;F tPnlhd;iwf; fl;Ltjw;fhd fhzp my;yJ tPlL ; Mjdnkhd;iwf; nfhs;tdT nra;tjw;fhdfld; mDkjpf;fg;gLkplj;J mt;Tj;jpNahfj;ju; jw;fhypfkhf Nritapy; cs;s mur $l;Lj;jhgdj;jpw;Fg; nghWg;ghd mikr;rpd; nrayhsu;> ,t;tplak; njhlh;gpy; mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jiu jdJ mikr;rpd; gzpahl;nlhFjpapy; cs;s xUtuhff; fzpj;J mtUf;fhd fld;njhifia toq;Fthh;. khjhe;j jtizf; fl;lzj;ij
256

mj;jpahak; XXIV

cupa Kiwg;gb mwtpl;Lf; nfhs;tJk;> ; mjidf; fzf;fpypLtJk; njhlh;ghf mur $l;Lj;jhgdj;Jld; chpa Vw;ghLfis mikj;Jf; nfhs;s Ntz;baJ nrauhsupd; nghWg;ghFk;. 4:8 vtNuDNkhh; mur cj;jpNahfj;ju; ngw;Wf;nfhz;l VNjDnkhU fld; njhif njhlu;ghd kPs; nrYj;jy;fs; kPjkpUg;gpd;> mit KOtijAk; nrYj;jp KbAk; tiu mtiu mur $l;Lj;jhgd Nritf;fhf KOikahf tpLtpf;ff; $lhJ. cj;jpNahfj;jiu tpLtpg;gjw;F Kd; mtuplkpUe;J mwtplg;gl Ntz;ba gzk; njhlh;ghf mtiu tpLtpf;fpd;w jpizf;fsk; nghWg;Gf; $Wjy; Ntz;Lk;.

5. fld; njhifapid mDkjpf;fpd;w mjpfhupfs;


(i). tPL xd;iwf; fl;Ltjw;fhd fhzpia my;yJ tPlL ; Mjdnkhd;iw - mikr;rpd; nrayhsu; nfhs;tdT nra;tjw;fhd fld; (11 Mk; gpupT)
fld; epiyapypUe;J tpLgLtjw;fhd - mikr;rpd; nrayhsu; fld; (12 Mk; gpupT)

(ii).

thfdnkhd;iwf; - mikr;rpd; nrayhsu; (iii). Nkhl;lhu; nfhs;tdT nra;tjw;fhd fld; (7Mk;> 8Mk; gpupTfs;)

(iv). Vida midj;Jf; fld; tiffSk;

jpizf;fsj; jiytu; my;yJ mth; ep.gp. 135 d; fPo; jdJ nghWg;Gf;fisf; ifaspj;Js;s cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth;

6. fld; toq;Ffpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jupd; nghWg;Gf;fs;


6:1 flndhd;iwf; nfhLg;gjw;F Kd; fPo; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s epge;jidfs; cl;gl fld; toq;fg;gLtjw;Fj; Njitahd midj;J epge;jidfSk;; G+u;jj ; p nra;ag;gl;Ls;sdntd fld; toq;Ffpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jh; nghWg;ghjy; Ntz;Lk;. 6:1:1 ,t;nthOq;F tpjpfspd; fPo; tpjpf;fg;gl;Ls;s Njitahd midj;J Mtzq;fspYk; fldhsp ifnahg;gkpl;Ls;shnud> 6:1:2 tPnlhd;iwf; fl;Ltjw;fhd fhzpnahd;iw my;yJ tPlL ; Mjdnkhd;iw my;yJ thfdnkhd;iwf; nfhs;tdT nra;tjw;fhff; fld; toq;fg;gLfpd;w re;ju;gg ; j;jpy;> fld; njhif toq;fg;gl;lTld;> nfhs;tdTg; gzpfis G+h;jj ; p nra;tjw;F fld; ngWgth; jahuhAs;shnud> 6:1:3 tPnlhd;iwf; fl;Ltjw;fhd fhzpnahd;iw my;yJ tPlL ; Mjdnkhd;iwf; nfhs;tdT nra;tjw;fhf toq;fg;gLfpd;w fld; njhlu;ghapd;> nfhLf;fy; thq;fYf;fhfr; nrYj;jg;gl Ntz;ba njhif fpilj;jTlNdNa chpik khw;wy; cWjpapy; ifr;rhj;jpLtjw;F Maj;jkhf cs;sjhf mt;Thpik khw;wy; njhlh;ghfr; nrayhw;Wk; rl;lj;juzpaplkpUe;J my;yJ nehj;jhuprplkpUe;J ngw;Wf;nfhz;l fbjk; xd;iwf; fld; ngWgth; rkug;gpf;fpd;whnud> 6:1:4 fld; njhif nfhs;tdT tpiyapYk; ghh;ff ; f; FiwthfTs;s NghJ flDf;F Nkyjpfkhf Njitg;gLfpd;w njhif fld; ngWgth; trk; cs;snjd 6:2 fld; toq;fpajd; gpd;du;> nkhj;jf; fld; njhifAk; mf;fld; toq;fg;gl;l gzpf;fhfg; gad;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;snjdTk;> mjpy; nryT nra;ag;glhj kPjnkhd;W ,Uf;Fkplj;J> mjid cldbahf kPs mwtpLtnjdTk;> fld; njhifapid mDkjpj;j cj;jpNahfj;ju; nghWg;ghjy; Ntz;Lk;.
257

mj;jpahak; XXIV

6:3 fld; toq;fy; my;yJ nrYj;Jjy; njhlu;ghf mjw;Fg; nghWg;ghd cj;jpNahfj;jupd; my;yJ cj;jpNahfj;jh;fspd; ftdaPdk; fhuzkhf my;yJ jtW fhuzkhf murhq;fj;jpw;F ,og;nghd;W Vw;gLkplj;J> mt;thW murhq;fj;jpw;F Vw;gLfpd;w ,og;Gj; njhifapid mtu;fsplkpUe;J mwtpl;Lf; nfhs;tjw;F Nkyjpfkhf mtu;fSf;nfjpuhf xOf;fhw;W eltbf;if Nkw;nfhs;sTk; KbAk;.

7. Nkhl;lhh; thfdk; xd;iwf; nfhs;tdT nra;tjw;fhd fld;


7:1 XIV Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; 8:1:1 Mk; cg gphptpd; fPo; Nkhl;lhh; thfd iky; $ypiag; ngw chpik ngw;Ws;sth;fSk;; ehshe;jk; cj;jpNahfG+h;t gazq;fis Nkw;nfhs;s Ntz;b Vw;gLfpd;wth;fSkhd ve;jNthH murhq;f epue;ju cj;jpNahfj;jUk; my;yJ jdJ flikfis epiwNtw;w Nkhl;lhh; thfdk; xd;iw itj;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk; vd gzpf;fg;gLfpd;w ve;jNthh; cj;jpNahfj;jUk; m) Nkhl;lh; thfdk; xd;iwf; nfhs;tdT nra;tjw;fhf M) jd;dhy; cilik nfhs;sg;gl;L ,yq;iff;F ,wf;Fkjp nra;ag;gl;l Nkhl;lh; thfdk; xd;wpw;fhd> ,wf;Fkjpj; jPhi ; tfs;> ,wf;fy; fl;lzq;fs;> Kfth; fl;lzq;fs; kw;Wk; ,wf;Fkjp mDkjpg;gj;jpuf; fl;lzq;fs; vd;gtw;iw nrYj;Jtjw;fhf> fld; njhifnahd;iwg; ngwj; jFjp ngWfpd;wdh;. 7:2 Nkw;$wpa (m) cg gphptpd; fPo; toq;fg;glf; $ba njhif ehw;gjpdhapuk;(40>000/=) my;yJ cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; 24 khj rk;gsk; my;yJ cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; rk;gsj;jpypUe;J kPs mwtplg;gl mDkjp mspf;fg;gl;Ls;s vy;iyapd; fPo; toq;f Kbe;j njhif my;yJ Nkhl;lhh; thfdj;jpd; cz;ikg; ngWkjp my;yJ Rq;fthp> ,wq;F Jiwf; fl;lzq;fs;> Kfth; fl;lzq;fs; kw;Wk; ,wf;Fkjp mDkjpg;gj;jpuf; fl;lzq;fs; vd;w tifapy; nrYj;j Ntz;bAs;s cz;ikg; ngWkjp vd;gtw;wpy; Mff; Fiwe;j njhiff;F tiuaWf;fg;gLk;. 7:3 7:1 (m) vd;w ge;jpapd; fPo; tiu toq;fg;gLfpd;w fld;> mikr;rpd; nrayhshpd; vOj;J %y Kd;dDkjp ngwg;gl;bUe;jhyd;wp> i) cj;jpNahfj;jh; nfhs;tdT nra;tjw;F Kd;dh; mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jhpd; tho;fi ; fj; Jizf;F nrhe;jkhftpUe;j: ii) cj;jpNahfj;jh; nfhs;tdT nra;tjw;F Kd;dh; mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jhpd; je;ij my;yJ jha; my;yJ rNfhjud; xUtUf;F my;yJ rNfhjhp xUtUf;F my;yJ gps;isnahUtUf;F nrhe;jkhftpUe;j: iii) flDf;fhf tpz;zg;gpj;j jpdj;jpw;F Neh;Ke;jpa 6 tUl fhyj;jpDs; ve;jnthU re;jh;g;gj;jpYk; cj;jpNahfj;jUf;Nfh my;yJ cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; tho;fi ; fj; Jizf;Nfh nrhe;jkhftpUe;j: Nkhl;lhh; thfdnkhd;iwf; nfhs;tdT nra;tjw;fhfg; gad;gLj;jf; $lhJ. 7:4 fld; njhif cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; xU tUl rk;gsj;ij tpQ;rpAs;s re;jh;gg ; q;fspy;> my;yJ cj;jpNahfj;jh; jFjp fhz; fhyj;ijg; G+uzg;gLj;jhj Xh; cj;jpNahfj;juhfTs;s re;jh;gg ; q;fspy; gpizahsp 10 tUlj;jpw;Ff; Fiwahj Xa;T+jpa chpj;Js;s Nritf; fhyj;ijg; G+Hj;jpnra;j mur cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtuhftpUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. Vida re;jh;g;gq;fspy; gpizahsp 5 tUlj;jpw;Ff; Fiwahj Xa;T+jpa chpj;Jila Nritf; fhyj;ijg; G+uzg;gLj;jpAs;s mur cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtuhftpUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 7:5 Vida epge;jidfs;: flidg; ngw;W ,uz;L thuq;fspDs; chpa cj;jpNahfj;jh; gpd;tUk; tplaq;fis ep&gpg;gjw;fhd Mtzq;fisg; ghPlr ; pj;Jg; ghh;g;gjw;fhf jpizf;fsj; jiythplk; rkh;g;gpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. thfdj;jpd; jdp chpikahsh; jhd; vd ngw;Wf; nfhs;sg;gl;l nkhj;jf; fld; nfhs;tdTf;fhf nrYj;jg;gl;lnjd>
258

njhifiaAk;

thfdf;

mj;jpahak; XXIV

KOg; ngWkjpiaAk; xNu jlitapy; nrYj;jp thfdf; nfhs;tdT Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;lnjd> mjw;fhf epYitnaJTk; nrYj;jg;gl Ntz;bajpy;iynadTk; thfdk; midj;J Mgj;Jf;fs; njhlh;ghfTk; fld; njhiff;Ff; Fiwahj njhiff;F G+uz fhg;GWjp nra;ag;gl;Ls;snjd> 7:5:1 NkYk; mf;fhg;GWjp GJg;gpf;fg;gLtij Mtzq;fis mth; tUlhtUlk; rkh;g;gpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. cWjpg;gLj;Jtjw;Fhpa

7:5:2 fld; njhifnahd;wpdhy; nfhs;tdT nra;ag;gl;l ve;jnthU thfdj;jpw;Fk; fhg;GWjpr; rhd;wpjnohd;W ngwg;gl;Ls;sik njhlh;ghfTk; mJ chpa Kiwapy; GJg;gpf;fg;gl;Ls;sik gw;wpAk; jpizf;fsj; jiyth; nghWg;Gf; $Wjy; Ntz;Lk;. 7:5:3 nfhs;tdT eltbf;iffisg; G+h;jj ; pahf;fj; jhd; jahnud fld; tpz;zg;gjhuh; jpizf;fsj; jiytUf;F mwptpf;Fk; tiu fld; njhifia toq;ff; $lhJ. 7:5:4 nfhs;tdT nra;ag;glTs;s thfdk;> fld; tpz;zg;gjhuhpd; cj;jpNahfG+h;t eltbf;iffSf;Fg; nghUj;jkhdnjdTk;> thfdj;jpd; ngWkjp fldhff; nfhLf;fg;gLfpd;w njhifapYk; Fiwe;jjy;yntdTk;> jpizf;fsj; jiyth; my;yJ mtuJ gpujpepjpahd cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUth; Njitg;gbd; thfdj;ijg; ghPlr ; pj;Jg; ghh;jJ ; > jpUg;jpgg ; Lk; tiu> thfdf; nfhs;tdT eltbf;ifia epiwT nra;af; $lhJ. 7:6 5 tUlq;fSf;Fs; xU jlitf;F NkyhfTk;> Vw;fdNt toq;fg;gl;l flndhd;W fhzg;gbd; mij Kbf;Fk; tiuAk; ,f;fld; njhif toq;fg;glf; $lhJ. mNj eltbf;iff;fhf KOikahfr; nrYj;jp

7:6:1 vt;thwhapDk;> mur Njitf;fhf xU tUlj;jpw;F Nkw;gl;l fhyj;jpw;F ntspehl;bw;F mDg;gg;gLfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth; mt;thW nry;tjw;F Kd;dh; mur fld; njhifahy; jhd; nfhs;tdT nra;j Nkhl;lhh; thfdj;ij tpw;W KOf; flidAk; kPsr; nrYj;jpapUe;jhy;> 5 tUlq;fs; fopa Kd;duhapDk; mtUf;F kw;nwhU flid toq;f KbAk;. 7:6:2 Nkhl;lhh; irf;fpnshd;iw / ];$l;lnuhd;iw (8 Mk; gphpitg; ghh;ff ; Tk;) nfhs;tdT nra;tjw;fhf flndhd;wpidg; ngw;Ws;s cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUth;( gjtp cah;T> Gjpa epakdk; Nghd;w fhuzq;fspdhy;) Nkhl;lhh; thfdnkhd;wpidf; nfhs;tdT nra;tjw;fhd flndhd;wpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;fhd jifikahsnuhUtuhFkplj;J> Kd;ida fld; toq;fg;gl;L Ie;J tUlq;fs; G+h;jj ; pahfhj NghjpYk;> mtUf;F Nkhl;lhh; thfnkhd;wpidf; nfhs;tdT nra;tjw;fhd flndhd;wpid toq;f KbAk; mj;jifa re;jh;gg ; nkhd;wpy; Kd;dh; toq;fg;gl;l fld; njhifapid KOikahf kPsr; nrYj;JkhW mtUf;F fl;lisaply; Ntz;Lk;. ,d;Nwy; Nkhl;lhh; thfdj;ijf; nfhs;tdT nra;tjw;fhf mtUf;F toq;f KbAkhd fld; njhiff;Fk; mth; Kd;dh; ngw;Wf; nfhz;l fld; njhifapypUe;J mwtplg;gl Ntz;bAs;s epYitf;Fkpilapyhd tpj;jpahrj;ij khj;jpuk; mtUf;F toq;f KbAk;.

8. Nkhl;lhh; irf; rf;fpnshd;iw/];$l;lh; i nra;tjw;fhd fld; njhif

xd;wpidf;

nfhs;tdT

8:1 jifikfs; jdJ flikapid epiwNtw;Wtjw;fhf Nkhl;lhh; jifikfs: irf;fpnshd;iw/];$l;lnuhd;wpid itj;jpUj;jy; ,d;wpaikahj> epue;ju kw;Wk; Xa;T+jpa chpj;Jila cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth; my;yJ jw;fhypf cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth;>
259

mj;jpahak; XXIV

(m) (M)

Nkhl;lhh; irf;fps; xd;wpid nfhs;tdT nra;tjw;fhf

my;yJ

];$l;lh;

xd;wpidf;

cj;jpNahfj;jhpdhy; clik nfhs;sg;gl;L ,yq;iff;F ,wf;Fkjp nra;ag;gl;l Nkhl;lhh; irf;fps; xd;W my;yJ ];$l;lh; xd;W njhlh;ghd jPhi ; tfs;> ,wf;fy; fl;lzq;fs;> Kfth; fl;lzq;fs; kw;Wk; ,wf;Fkjp mDkjpg; gj;jpuf; fl;lzq;fs; vd;gtw;iwr; nrYj;Jtjw;fhf fld; njhif xd;wpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;fhd jifikfisg; ngWfpd;whh;.

8:2 Nkw;Fwpj;j (m) cg gphptpd; fPo; toq;fg;gl KbAkhd fld; njhif> gjpidahapuk; &gh (&.15>000) my;yJ cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; 20 khj rk;gsk; my;yJ cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; rk;gsj;jpypUe;J kPs mwtPL nra;J nfhs;tjw;nfd ,lkspf;fg;gl;Ls;s vy;iyapd; fPo; toq;fg;gl Kbe;j njhif my;yJ> chpathW ];$l;lhpd; my;yJ Nkhl;lhh; irf;fpspd; cz;ikg; ngWkjp my;yJ jPhi ; tfs;> ,wf;fy; fl;lzq;fs;> Kfth; fl;lzq;fs; kw;Wk; ,wf;Fkjp mDkjpg; gj;jpuf; fl;lzq;fs; vd;w tifapy; nrYj;jNtz;bAs;s cz;ikg; ngWkjp vd;gtw;wpy; Mff; Fiwe;j njhiff;F tiuaWf;fg;gLk;. 8:3 8:1 Mk; gphptpd; fPo; toq;fg;gLfpd;w fld; mikr;rpd; nrayhshpd; vOj;J %y Kd;dDkjp ngwg;gl;bUe;jhyd;wp> (i) cj;jpNahfj;jh; nfhs;tdT nra;tjw;F tho;fi ; fj; Jizf;Fr; nrhe;jkhftpUe;j> Kd;dh; mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jhpd;

(ii) cj;jpNahfj;jh; nfhs;tdT nra;tjw;F Kd;dh; me;j cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; je;ijf;F my;yJ jha;fF ; my;yJ rNfhjuh; xUtUf;F my;yJ rNfhjhp xUtUf;F my;yJ gps;is xUtUf;Fr; nrhe;jkhtpUe;j> (iii)flDf;fhf tpz;zg;gpj;j jpdj;jpw;F Neh; Ke;jpa MW tUl fhyj;jpDs; ve;jnthU re;jh;gg ; j;jpYk; cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F my;yJ mtuJ tho;fi ; fj; Jizf;F nrhe;jkhftpUe;j: ];$l;lh; xd;wpid my;yJ Nkhl;lhh; nra;tjw;fhfg; gad;gLj;jf; $lhJ. irf;fps; xd;wpid nfhs;tdT

8:4 gpizahsh;fs; s : epue;ju kw;Wk; Xa;T+jpa chpj;Jila cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth; njhlh;gpy; 7:4 Mk; cg gphptpd; fPo; Nkhl;lhh; thfdnkhd;W njhlh;ghf cs;sthNw miktNjhL> jw;fhypf cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth; njhlh;gpy;> 10 tUlj;jpw;Ff; Fiwahj Xa;T+jpa chpj;Jila Nritf; fhyk; xd;wpidg; G+h;jj ; p nra;Js;s murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth;: 8:5 Vida epge;jidfs; idfs:- 7:5 njhlh;ghff; fhl;lg;gl;Ls;sthW: Mk; cg gphptpy; Nkhl;lhh; thfnkhd;W

8:6 jlitfs; :- 7:6 Mk; cg gphptpy; Nkhl;lhh; thfdnkhd;W njhlh;ghff; fhl;lg;gl;Ls;sthW

9. kpjp kpjptz; tz;b xd;iwf; wf; nfhs;tdT nra;tjw;fhd fld;


9:1 jifikfs; : jdJ tjptplk; kw;Wk; flik GupAk; ,lk; vd;gtw;wpw;fpilNa gazk; nra;tjw;fhf kpjptz;b xd;W Njitg;gLfpd;w cg epiy tFg;igr; Nru;ej ; cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; my;yJ rpw;W}opau; tFg;igr; Nru;ej ; epue;ju cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu;. 9:2 : &. 750 my;yJ kpjp tz;bapd; ngWkjp vd;w fld;njhif ,uz;by; Fiwe;j njhif vJNth mJ
260

mj;jpahak; XXIV

9:3 gpizahsu;fs;: cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F gj;J tUlq;fSf;Ff; Fiwahj Xa;T+jpa cupj;Jila Nritnahd;wpUg;gpd;> gpizahsu; xUtu; Njitg;glkhl;lhh;. mj;jifa Nritf;fhynkhd;W fhzg;glhtplj;J 5 tUlq;fSf;Ff; Fiwahj Xa;T+jpa cupj;Jila murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu;. 9:4 gpw epge;jidfs;: ,f;fld; njhifapid Gjpa kpjp tz;b xd;wpidf; nfhs;tdT nra;tjw;fhf khj;jpuNk toq;Fjy; Ntz;Lk;. mjid gFjp gFjpahftd;wp xNu jlitapy;; KOg; gzj;ijAk; nrYj;jpf; nfhs;tdT nra;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 9:5 jlitfs; jlitfs;: 7.6 Mk; cg gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sthW

10. 10. ,Lf;fz; fld;fSk; Vida fld;fSk;


10:1 Nehf;fk; - flDf;fhf tpz;zg;gpg;gjw;fhd cz;ikj; jd;ik kw;Wk; cj;jpNahfj;jupd; fl;Lg;ghl;L tplaj;ijj; jhz;b nrd;w tplaq;fs; fhuzkhf epjpf; f\;lj;jpw;F MshfpAs;sikia ep&gpg;gjw;fhf Vw;Wf;nfhs;sg;glj; jf;f rhd;Wfis rku;g ; ;gpg;ghuhapd; gpd;tUk; gzpfspy; ve;jnthU gzpf;fhfTk; ,f; flid toq;f KbAk; :jP> nts;sg; ngUf;F my;yJ mj;jifa vitNaDk;; ,aw;if mdu;jj ; q;fs; %yk; Vw;glf;$ba tpgj;Jf;fspd; NghJ epthuzk; toq;fy; kUj;Jtr; nryTfs;> kUj;Jtkidf; guhkupg;G ,y;yf; fl;lzq;fs; fl;lzq;fs; my;yJ Nehahsu;

cj;jpNahfj;jupd; FLk;g cWg;gpdu; xUtupd; RfaPdk; fhuzkhf fld;gLjy;. cj;jpNahfj;jupd; FLk;g cWg;gpdu; xUtupd; RfaPdj;jpw;fhf nryT nra;jik fhuzkhf tPlL ; thlif nrYj;j Kbahkw; Nghdikahy; tPlL ; thlif epYitahf ,Uj;jy;. cj;jpNahfj;jupd; FLk;gj;ijr; Nru;ej ; xUtupd; kuzr; nrytpdq;fs; cj;jpNahfj;ju; my;yJ mtuJ FLk;gj;jpdu; trpj;J cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F my;yJ mtuJ tho;fi ; ff; Jizf;Fr; tPnlhd;wpd; mj;jpahtrpa jpUj;jg; gzpfs; tUfpd;w> nrhe;jkhd

flikapd; epkpj;jk; Nkhl;lhu; thfdnkhd;wpidg; gad;gLj;j KbAnkdf; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtUf;Fr; nrhe;jkhd Nkhl;lu; thfdj;jpd; mj;jpahtrpa jpUj;jg; gzpfs; kNyupah kw;Wk; ahidf;fhy; NehapypUe;J ghJfhg;Gg;ngw Esk;G tiyfisf; nfhs;tdT nra;tjw;fhf jdJ nghWg;gpy; jq;fp tho;fpd;w gps;isnahd;wpw;F (fzpj cgfuzq;fs;> mbkl;lk;; kw;Wk; epWit cgfuzq;fs;) cs;spl;l ghlrhiyg; Gj;jfq;fisf; nfhs;tdT nra;tjw;fhf cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F cldbahf tPnlhd;wpid thliff;F vLg;gjw;fhf nrYj;jg;gl Ntz;ba tPlL ; thlif Kw;gzk;. cj;jpNahfj;ju; tpz;zg;gpj;Js;s tPlL ; f; flndhd;W njhlu;ghf murhq;f epWtdnkhd;wpw;F nrYj;j Ntz;ba nryTfs;. cj;jpNahfj;jUk; mtuJ FLk;g cWg;gpdh;fSk; ntspehL xd;wpw;F nry;Yk; NghJ tpkhdg; gazr; rPlb ; id thq;Ftjw;F. vt;thwhapDk; gazk; nra;Ak; fhyj;jpw;Fk;> ehl;bw;F ntspNa fopf;Fk; fhyj;jpw;Fk; cj;jpNahfj;ju; KOr; rk;gsj;Jldhd tpLKiwapidg; ngw;wpUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.
261

mj;jpahak; XXIV

jpizf;fsj; jiythpd; fUj;Jg; gb epjpAjtpfis toq;fj; jifikAs;s NtW tplaq;fs; 10:2 jifikfs; epue;jukhdJk;> Xa;T+jpa cupj;JilaJkhd cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; kw;Wk; (10.3.1 Mk; cg gpuptpw;Fl;gl;L) Copah; Nrkyhg epjpaj;jpw;F gq;fspg;Gr; nra;fpd;w epue;ju my;yJ jw;fhypf cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu;. 10:3 fld;njhif - %d;W khj rk;gs cr;r vy;iyf;Fl;gl;l tifapy;> ; cz;ikahfNt nrytpl;l my;yJ nrytpl Ntz;bNaw;gLfpd;w njhif 10:3:1 jw;fhypf cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; njhlu;gpy;> toq;fg;gLfpd;w fld; njhifapdJk; kw;Wk; mtu; nrYj;j Ntz;bAs;s Vida fld; njhiffspdJk;; $l;Lj; njhifahdJ xUNghJk; mtu; C.Nr.epjpaj;jpw;F nrYj;jpAs;s gq;fspg;Gj; njhifapd; $l;Lj;njhifia tpQ;rf; $lhJ. 10:3:2 tPlL ; thliff;fhd Kw;gznkhd;iw nrYj;Jtjw;fhd fld; njhifnahd;W njhlu;gpy; mj;njhifahdJ> vr;re;ju;gg ; j;jpYk; %d;W khjj;jpw;Fhpa mDkjpf;fg;gl;l tPlL ; thlifj; njhifia tpQ;rf; $lhJ. 10:4 gpizahsu;fs; - cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F Xa;T+jpa cupj;Jila Ie;J tUlq;fSf;F Nkw;gl;l Nritf; fhynkhd;wpUg;gpd;> gpizahsu; xUtu; mtrpakpy;iy. mt;thwpy;yhj re;ju;gg ; q;fspy; Ie;J tUlq;fSf;Ff; Fiwahj Nritf; fhyKs;s Xa;T+jpa chpj;Jila Nrit xd;iwr; Nru;ej ; gpizahsu; xUtu;. 10:5 jhd; trpg;gjw;fhf thliff;F vLf;fpd;w tPnlhd;wpw;F Muk;g thlif Kw;gzj;ij nrYj;Jtjw;fhf toq;Ffpd;w flndhd;nwdpy;> Fwpf;fg;gl;l xU fhyg; gFjpf;F tPlL ; thlif vd;w tifapy; nfhLg;gdT Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;Ls;sjhf tPlL ; cupikahsuplkpUe;J ngw;Wf;nfhs;sg;gl;l Kj;jpiu xl;lg;gl;l cWjpr;rl P n ; lhd;wpid Kw;gzj;ij <L nra;tjw;fhf rku;g;gpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 10:5:1 tPnlhd;iwg; GJg;gpg;gjw;fhf toq;fg;gLfpd;w flndhd;W njhlh;ghapd;> GJg;gpj;jy; Njitg;ghl;bd; mtru epiyikia ep&gpf;fpd;w mj;jhl;rpfisAk;> GJg;gpj;jypd; nrytpdk; njhlh;ghd rhl;rpahf kjpg;gL P tpiyg;gl;bay;fs; kw;Wk; gw;Wr; rPlL ; f;fs; vd;gtw;iwAk; rkh;g;gpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 10:5:2 Nkhl;lhh; thfdnkhd;iwg; gOJghh;gg ; jw;fhd flndhd;W njhlh;ghapd;> gOJghh;jj ; y; nrytpid ep&gpg;gjw;fhd kjpg;gL P fs;> tpiyg; gl;bay;fs; kw;Wk; gw;Wr;rl P L ; f;fs; vd;gtw;iw rkh;g;gpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 10:6 rk;gs Kw;gzj;jpw;fhf tpz;zg;gpf;fpd;w jpfjpf;F Neh;Ke;jpa MWkhjf; fhyg; gFjpapDs; ,t;thwhd NtW flNdJk;; ngw;Wf; nfhs;sg;gl;buhtplj;J> ve;jnthU re;jh;gg ; j;jpYk; rk;gsf; flndhd;wpid toq;f KbAk;. ve;jnthU re;jHg;gj;jpYk; mt;thW gpd;dh; ngw;Wf;nfhs;sg;gLfpd;w fld; njhifahdJ> 10.3 Mk; gpuptpd; fPo; cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F cupj;Js;s ; njhif kw;Wk; ,f;fld; tifaPlb ; d;; fPo; Kd;du; ngw;Wf;nfhs;sg;gl;l fld; njhiffspy; kPsr; nrYj;j Ntz;ba kPjp Mfpa ,uz;bw;Fk; ,ilapyhd tpj;jpahrj;ij tpQ;rf; $lhJ. 10:7 ,e;jg; gpuptpd; fPo; fld; njhifnahd;W njhlu;ghf cj;jpNahfj;jupd; FLk;gk; vDk; gjk; cj;jpNahj;jupd; fPo; jq;fp tho;Nthuhapd; cj;jpNahfj;jupd; ngw;Nwhu;> tho;fi ; fj; Jizapd; ngw;Nwhh;> tpthfkhfhj rNfhjupfs;> 18 tajpw;Ff; Fiwe;j rNfhjuu;fs; MfpNahu; mlq;Ftu;.

262

mj;jpahak; XXIV

11. 11 . tPnlhd;wpidf; fl;Ltjw;fhd nra;tjw;fhd my;yJ tPlL ; nra;tjw;fhd hd fld; fld;

fhzpnahd;iw Mjdnkhd;wpidf;

nfhs;tdT nfhs;tdT

11.1 jifikfs; :- Xa;T+jpa chpj;Jila 05 tUlq;fSf;Ff; Fiwahj Nritf; fhyj;jpidf; nfhz;Ls;s> Nritapy; epue;jukhf;fg;gl;Ls;s> jdf;F my;yJ jdJ tho;fi ; fj; Jizf;F my;yJ jd; kPJ jq;fp thOfpd;w gps;isfSf;Fr; nrhe;jkhd tPlL ; Mjdnkhd;Nwh my;yJ tPnlhd;wpidf; fl;Ltjw;Fg; nghUj;jkhd fhzpnahd;Nwh ,y;yhj> jdJ my;yJ jdJ tho;fi ; fj; Jizapd; my;yJ jd; kPJ jq;fp thOfpd;w gps;isfspd; ngahpy; thliff; nfhs;tdTj; jpl;lj;jpd; fPo; Njrpa tPlikg;G MizahshplkpUe;J tPnlhd;wpid ngw;wpuhj> epue;ju kw;Wk; Xa;T+jpa chpj;Jila cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth; gpd;tUk; cg gphpTfspd; fPo; ,f;fld; njhifapidg; ngWtjw;F jifikAs;stuhfpd;whh;. 11:1:1 Nkw;gb cg gphptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s tPlL ; Mjdk; my;yJ tPL xd;wpidf; fl;Ltjw;Fg; nghUj;jkhd fhzp xd;W vd;w thrfq;fspd; %yk; fhzpnahd;wpd; my;yJ tPlL ; Mjdnkhd;wpd; gphpglhg;gq;F my;yJ NtnwhUthpd; MAs; eyThpjJ ; f;Fs;shd fhzpnahd;W my;yJ tPnlhd;wpidf; fl;Ltjw;Fg; nghUj;jkw;w Njhl;lnkhd;W my;yJ tanyhd;W vd;gd fUjg;glkhl;lh. fld; tpz;zg;gjhuUf;Fr; nrhe;jkhd fhzpnahd;W tPnlhd;wpidf; fl;Ltjw;F nghUj;jkhdjh ,y;iyah vd;gJ gw;wp re;Njfk; vOkplj;J> Fwpjj ; khtl;lj;jpd; murhq;f mjpghplkpUe;J mJ njhlh;ghd mwpf;ifnahd;wpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. 11:1:2 ,uhZtj;jpd;> flw;gilapd; kw;Wk; tpkhdg; gilapd; epue;ju gilazpapd; Nritf;Fhpa cj;jpNahfj;jh;fs; Nkw;gb 11:1 kw;Wk; 11:1:1 Mfpa cg gphpTfspd; %yk; tpjpf;fg;gl;Ls;s epge;jidfSf;F Nkyjpfkhf> 24 Mk; gpd;dpizg;gpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s Nkyjpf tpjpKiwfisAk; g+h;jj ; p nra;jy; Ntz;Lk;. ,uhZt Nritf;Fhpa xUtuJ tpz;zg;gg; gbtnkhd;iw mDkjpf;fpd;w mjpfhhpaplk; rkh;gg ; pf;fg;gLfpd;w NghJ> tpz;zg;gjhuh; 24 Mk; gpd;dpizg;gpy; tpjpf;fg;gl;Ls;s Nkyjpf tpjpKiwfisg; G+h;jj ; p nra;Js;shnud ghJfhg;G mikr;rpd; nra;yhshpdhy; Gwf;Fwpg;gplg;gl;l Nkyjpfr; rhd;wpjo; xd;wpidAk; Fwpj;j ,uhZt mjpfhhp chpa tpz;zg;gj;Jld; ,izj;jDg;Gjy; Ntz;Lk;.
T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T

11:1:3

,f;fld; gpd;tUk; tplaq;fSf;fhf toq;fg;gl khl;lhJ.

(m) tPnlhd;wpidf; fl;Ltjw;F my;yJ fld; tpzz ; g;gjhuUf;F my;yJ mtuJ tho;fi ; fj; Jizf;F my;yJ mthplk; jq;fp tho;fpd;w gps;isfSf;Fr; nrhe;jkhd Mjdnkhd;W njhlh;ghd <nlhd;iw my;yJ mj;jifa nrhj;njhd;wpidg; gpizahf itj;J ngwg;gl;l flndhd;wpidj; jPhg ; ;gjw;F: (M) fld; tpz;zg;gjhuuhy; my;yJ mtuJ tho;fi ; fj; Jizahy; mthpy; jq;fp tho;fpd;w gps;isfshy; VyNt ngw;Wf; nfhs;sg;gl;Ls;s Mjdnkhd;W njhlh;ghf: (,) fhzpnahd;wpd; my;yJ tPlL ; Mjdk; xd;wpd; gphpglhg; gq;nfhd;iw my;yJ nry;Ygbahd chpj;jw;w my;yJ MAs; eyThpjJ ; f;F my;yJ NtW ghuge;jnkhd;Wf;F cl;gl;l Mjdnkhd;iwf; nfhs;tjw;fhf 11:1:4 vt;thwhapDk; fld; tpz;zg;gjhuUf;F Mjdj;ij chpik khw;wk; nra;fpd;w re;jh;gg ; j;jpNyNah my;yJ mjw;F Kd;dNuh <L jPhf ; f ; g;gLkplj;J <l;bw;Fl;gl;l Mjdnkhd;iwf; nfhs;tdT nra;tjw;fhf ,f;flid toq;f KbAk;. ,g;gzpf;fhf fld; njhifapid> tpw;gth; itj;Js;s <l;bidj; jPhg ; g ; jw;fhf nkhj;jf; nfhs;tpiyapd; xU gFjpahfg; gad;gLj;j KbAk;.
263

mj;jpahak; XXIV

11:1:5 fztd;> kidtp ,UtUk; murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jh;fshf ,Uf;Fkplj;J> ,g;gzpf;fhf fld; nfhLf;fg;gLtJ xUtUf;F khj;jpuNkahFk;. mj;Jld; xU jlit khj;jpuNkahFk;. 11:2 fld; fld; njhif : 11:13:8 Mk; cg gphptpw;Fk; kw;Wk; 11:2:1 Mk; cg gphptpw;Fk; cl;gl;L fld; njhifahdJ cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; ,uz;L tUl rk;gsk; kw;Wk; & 5000 vd;w ,uz;by; $ba njhiff;F tiuaWf;fg;gLk;. 11:2:1 ,g;gzpf;fhf toq;fg;gLfpd;w fld; vf;fhuzk; nfhz;Lk; (3:3:2 Mk; cg gphptpy; tiutpyf;fzg;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;sthW) mt;thjdj;jpd; nfhs;tpiy kw;Wk; mt;thjdj;jpd; ,uz;L Vf;fhpd; ngWkjp vd;w ,uz;bYk; Fiwe;j njhifapid tpQ;rf;$lhJ. (cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth; Mjdnkhd;wpy; ,uz;L Vf;fiu tpQ;rpa mstpidf; nfhs;tdT nra;tJ gw;wp vt;tpj Ml;NrgidAk; fpilahnjd;w NghjpYk;> fldhf toq;fg;gLfpd;w njhifahdJ mt;thjdj;jpd; ,uz;L Vf;fhpd; ngWkjpia tpQ;rf; $lhJ.) 11:3 cj;jpNahfj;jh; tpz;zg;gg;gbtj;jpid ,uz;L gpujpfSld; $bajhf nghJ 262 gbtj;jpy; vOjpr; rkh;g;gpj;jy; Ntz;Lnkd;gNjhL> jpizf;fsj; jiyth; 25 Mk; gpd;dpizg;gpy; fhl;lg;gl;Ls;s gbtj;jpyhd jdJ rhd;wpjioAk;> cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; cWjpnkhopapidAk; ,izj;J mt;tpz;zg;gg;gbtj;ij flid mDkjpf;fpd;w mjpfhhpf;F rkh;gg ; pj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.
T T T T T T T T T T T T

11:4 Mjdk; mikag; ngw;Ws;s gpuNjrj;jpd; murhq;f rl;lj;juzpaplkpUe;Njh my;yJ 26 Mk; gpd;dpizg;gpy; fhl;lg;gl;Ls;s chpa khtl;lj;jpw;fhf epakpf;fg;gl;Ls;s rl;lj;juzpfspd; cg Fohj;jpd; rl;lj;juzp xUthplkpUe;Njh Mjdj;jpd; chpj;J gw;wpa mwpf;ifnahd;wpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;.
T T T T T T T

11:4:1 Mjdj;jpd; chpjJ ; Kwptw;W njhlh;rr ; pahff; fhzg;gLfpd;wjh vd;gJ gw;wpAk;> chpa Mjdk; rfytpj ghuge;jq;fspypUe;Jk; tpLgl;L Rje;jpukhf tpsq;Ffpd;wjhntd;gJ gw;wpAk;> tpw;gtUf;F mt;thjdk; njhlh;ghf gpzf;fw;w kw;Wk; nry;Ygbahd chpj;Jf; fhzg;gLfpd;wjh vdTk; ,t;twpf;ifapy; njspthff; Fwpg;gplg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. 11:4:2 chpj;J gw;wpa mwpf;ifnahd;wpw;F rl;lj;juzp xUtUf;F nrYj;j Ntz;ba njhifahdJ 26 Mk; gpd;dpizg;gpy; fhl;lg;gl;Ls;sthwhFk;. 11:5 ngWkjp gw;wpa mwpf;if: f nfhs;tdT nra;ag;glTs;s Mjdj;jpd; ngWkjpiaAk;> mJ tjptjw;Fg; nghUj;jkhdnjdTk; fhl;Lfpd;w rhd;wpjnohd;W gpd;tUNthhpy; xUthplkpUe;J ngw;Wf; nfhs;sg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. gpujhd tpiy kjpg;gl P l ; hsh; my;yJ khtl;lj;jpd; murhq;f mjpgh;> gpuNjrj;jpd; cjtp murhq;f mjpgh; my;yJ fhzp mikag; ngw;Ws;s gpuNjrj;jpd; cs;@uhl;rp kd;wj;jpd; jtprhsh; my;yJ mjw;Fr; rkkhd mjpfhhpnahUth; my;yJ gjpT nra;ag;gl;l tpiykjpg;gl P l ; hsh; xUth;. 11:6 msit tiuglk; tiuglk:- fhzp gphpgl;l fhzpnahd;nwd;gij cWjpg;gLj;jpf; nfhs;tjw;fhf nfhs;tdT nra;ag;glTs;s fhzpapd; msit tiuglk; xd;wpidAk; Njitahdtplj;J rkh;g;gpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 11:7 fhzpapd; tpguk; tpguk : cj;jpNahfj;jh; nfhs;tdT nra;aTs;s fhzpapd; my;yJ tPlL ; Mjdj;jpd; tpguj;ij 27 Mk; gpd;dpizg;gpy; fhl;lg;gl;Ls;sthW cld;g ; bf;ifg; gj;jpuj;jpd; kW gf;fj;jpy; (263 nghJg; gbtj;jpy;)> (264 nghJg; gbtj;jpy;) kw;Wk; ml;Nlhdp jj;Jtj;ij toq;Ffpd;w Mtzj;jpy; (265 nghJg; gbtj;jpy;) xNu tpjj;jpy; fhl;Ljy; Ntz;Lk;.
T T T T T T T

11:7:1 fhzpiaf; nfhs;tdT nra;jjd; gpd;dh;> jpizf;fsj; jiyth;> fhzp njhlh;ghf ,t;thtzq;fspy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s tpguq;fis chpik khw;wy; cWjpapy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s tpguq;fSld; xg;gpl;Lg; ghh;jJ ; > nfhs;tdT nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ toq;fg;gl;l fld; njhiff;Fhpa MjdNknadj; jpUg;jpailjy; Ntz;Lk;.
264

mj;jpahak; XXIV

11:8 gpizahsh;fs; s: fld; njhifahdJ xU tUl rk;gsj;ij tpQ;rhjtplj;J> gpizahsh; Ie;J tUlj;jpw;Ff; Fiwahj Xa;T+jpa chpj;Jila Nrit xd;wpidf; nfhz;l murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtuhftpUj;jy; Ntz;Lnkd;gNjhL> fld; njhifahdJ xU tUl rk;gsj;ij tpQ;Rfpd;wtplj;J gpizahsh; gj;J tUl Xa;T+jpa chpj;Jila Nrit xd;wpidf;nfhz;l xUtuhapUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 11:9 mw;Nwhdpj; jj;Jtk; tk : fld; toq;fg;gLtjw;F Kd;dh; mw;Nwhdpj; jj;Jtk; nghJ 265 gbtj;jpd; %d;W gpujpfspy; vOjp ifr;rhj;jplg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. cj;jpNahfj;jh; Mjdj;ijf; nfhs;tdT nra;J mJ gw;wpa chpik khw;wy; cWjpia fhzpg; gjpTj; jpizf;fsj;jpy; gjpT nra;J jpizf;fsj; jiytUf;F rkh;g;gpf;Fk; tiu mw;Nwhdpj; jj;Jtj;ij chpik khw;Wk; Mtzj;ij Vida rk;ge;jg;gl;l Mtzq;fSld; jpizf;fsj; jiythpd; nghWg;gpy; itj;jpUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. cWjpia jd;dplk; rkh;gg ; pj;j clNdNa jpizf;fsj; jiyth; mw;Nwhdpj; jj;Jtj;ij chpik khw;Wk; Mtzj;jpd; ,uz;L gpujpfisg; gjpT nra;J kPs mDg;Gtjw;fhf fhzp mikag; ngw;w khtl;lj;jpd; fhzpg; gjpthsUf;F mDg;gp itj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. gjpT nra;tjw;fhf mDg;gg;gLfpd;w xU gpujpapy; 1982 Mk; Mz;bd; 43 Mk; ,yf;f Kj;jpiuf; fl;lzr; rl;lk; kw;Wk;; mjd; fPo; tpjpf;fg;gl;l xOq;F tpjpfspy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s ngWkjpf;F rkkhd Kj;jpiuapid xl;Ljy; Ntz;Lk;. mw;Nwhdpj; jj;Jtj;ij chpik khw;wk; nra;Ak; Mtzj;jpd; (,izg; gpujpnad miof;fg;gLk;) %d;whtJ gpujpia mt;thtzk; vOjp Kbf;fg;gl;l khjk; KbtilAk; tiu jpizf;fsj; jiyth; jd; trk; itj;Jf; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. njhlh;eJ ; xt;nthU khjj;jpYk; vOjpf; ifr;rhj;jplg;gl;l mt;thwhd rl;l hPjpahd Mtzq;fspd; ,izg; gpujpfis 28 Mk; gpd;dpizg;gpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s khjphpg; gbtj;jpd; gpufhuk; ,uz;L gpujpfSld; jahhpf;fg;gl;l gl;banyhd;Wld;> mLj;j khjj;jpd; 15 Mk; jpfjp my;yJ mjw;F Kd;dh; fpilf;ff; $bathW chpa fhzpg; gjpthsUf;F rkh;g;gpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 11:9:1 gjpT nra;ag;gLtjw;fhf mDg;Gfpd;w mw;Nwhdp jj;Jtj;ij chpik khw;Wfpd;w Mtzq;fis Kiwahfg; gjpT nra;J nfhz;L jhkjkpd;wp jd;dplk; kPs tutioj;Jf; nfhs;tjw;F jpizf;fsj; jiyth; nghWg;ghjy; Ntz;Lk;. rhjhuzkhf fld; njhifapid nrYj;jp MW (6) thuq;fSf;Fs; ,r;nraw;ghl;bid G+h;jj ; p nra;J nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. mw;Nwhdpj; jj;Jtj;ij chpik khw;Wk; Mtzj;jpidg; gjpT nra;J nfhz;L kPs mDg;gpajd; gpd;dh;> mjid Fwpj;j chpik khw;wy; cWjp kw;Wk; Vida Mtzq;fSld; itj;jpUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 11:10 fld; ngw;wth; kuzpf;Fkplj;J fld; njhif kw;Wk; tl;b vd;gtw;wpypUe;J mJ tiu mwtplg;gl Ntz;bAs;s kw;Wk; ,t;tj;jpahaj;jpd; 4:4 gphptpd; fPo; mwtplg;gl KbahJs;s njhifapidg; gpizahshplkpUe;J khj;jpuk; mwtpl KbAnkd cWjpapy; ifr;rhj;jpLtjw;F Kd;dh; jpizf;fsj; jiythpd; vOj;J %yk; gpizahsUf;F mwptpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 11:11 vOj;jhtzq;fisg; G+h;jj ; p nra;jy; y midj;J Mtzq;fspYk; chpa jug;gpdh;fspd; KOg; ngah;fs; Fwpg;gplg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. fldhf toq;fg;gLk; njhifapid vOj;J> ,yf;fk; Mfpa ,U tbtq;fspYk; vOJjy; Ntz;Lk;. me;je;j Mtzj;jpd; ml;ltizapy; fhl;lg;gl;Ls;s fhzpapd; tpguk; rfy Mtzq;fpsYk; xNu khjphpahf mikjy; Ntz;Lnkd;gNjhL mt;tpguk; 28 Mk; gpd;dpizg;gpy; fhl;lg;gl;Ls;sthW mikjYk; Ntz;Lk;. Mtzq;fspy; FwpaPL vjidAk; ,Ljy; my;yJ vOjg;gl;l vjidAk; mopj;J tpLjy; my;yJ fPwptpLjy; my;yJ Kd;G vOjg;gl;l xd;wpd; kPJ kPzL ; k; vOJjy; vd;gd Nkw;nfhs;sg;glf; $lhJ. ahNjDNkhh; Mtzk; rPhn ; fl;Lg; NghFkplj;J mjw;Fg; gjpyhf GjpaNjhh; Mtzj;ijj; jahhpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. Mtzq;fspy; Gjpjhf Nrh;ff ; g;gLk; rfy tplaq;fSk; rk;ge;jg;gl;l jug;gpduhy; ifr;rhj;jplg;gl;L cWjpg;gLj;jg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;.

265

mj;jpahak; XXIV

11:12 NtW epge;jidfs; idfs: Mjdq;fisg; guhjPdg;gLj;jy;:- fld; njhifapy; ahNjDnkhU gFjp kPsr; nrYj;jg;gl Ntz;bAs;s tiu nfhs;sg;gl;l Mjdq;fis guhjPdg;gLj;jy; my;yJ ghuge;jg;gLj;jy; $lhJ. mt;thjdj;ijg; gpizahf itj;J gzj;ijg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s ,lkspf;fg;gLtJ GJ murhq;f epWtdnkhd;wpw;F mlF itf;fg;gLtjhapd; khj;jpuNkahFk;. mjw;fhfTk; flid mDkjpj;j mjpfhhpapd; Kd;dDkjpapidg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. 11:12:1 fld; ngw;wth; kuzpf;Fkplj;J mth; kuzpj;j NghJ nrYj;j Ntz;bapUe;j nkhj;jf; fld; njhifiaAk;; tl;biaAk; xNu jlitapy; nrYj;Jtjw;F mtuJ kuGhpikahsh;fSk; epiwNtw;Weh;fSk; flikg;gLk; tifapyhd rl;l hPjpahf Vw;Wf; nfhs;sj; jf;f Mtznkhd;wpid vOjpf; ifr;rhj;jpLkhW fld; ngWgtH Nfhug;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. 11:12:2 Mjdj;ij mlF itg;gjw;F MDkjpaspg;gjid ghpe;Jiug;gjw;F Kd;dh;> cj;jpNahfj;jh; jdJ ngaUf;F Mjdj;jpd; chpj;jpid chpik khw;wk; nra;J nfhz;Ls;shnudTk; murhq;fj;jpw;F Mjdj;jpd; ghy; chpj;Jf; fpilf;Fk; tpjj;jpy; mWjpAWjp kw;Wk; mw;Nwhdpj; jj;Jtk; vd;gtw;wpid toq;Ffpd;w Mtzq;fs; Kiwahfg; gjpT nra;ag;gl;Ls;sdntdTk; jpizf;fsj; jiyth; jpUg;jpailjy; Ntz;Lk;. Mjdq;fis mlF itg;gjw;F toq;fg;gLfpd;w mDkjp Vw;fdNt vOjpf; ifr;rhj;jplg;gl;L gjpT nra;ag;gl;Ls;s mw;Nwhdp jj;Jtj;jpw;Fl;gl;ljhf mikjy; Ntz;Lk;. 11:12:3 murhq;f mjpghpd; mDkjp: mDkjp XXIX Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; 3 Mk; ge;jpapd; gpufhuk; Mjdq;fisf; nfhs;tdT nra;tjw;fhf> tPlL ; Mjdk; my;yJ fhzp mike;Js;s gpuNjrj;jpd; murhq;f mjpghpd; mDkjpapidg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. 11:13 Njrpa tPlikg;G MizahshplkpUe;J Mjdnkhd;wpid chpik nfhs;sy;:cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth; Njrpa tPlikg;G MizahshplkpUe;J tPnlhd;wpid epHkhzpgg ; jw;fhd fhzpnahd;iw my;yJ tPl;L Mjdnkhd;iw xNu jlitapy; gzk; nrYj;jpf; nfhs;tdT nra;Ak; NghJ> fhzp chpj;Jj; njhlh;ghd mwpf;ifnahd;wpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s Ntz;ba mtrpakpy;iy. 11:13:1 Mjdj;jpd; cz;ikg; ngWkjpahfj; Njrpa tPlikg;G MizahsUf;F nrYj;jg;gl Ntz;ba njhif njhlh;ghf Njrpa tPlikg;G MizahshplkpUe;J ngw;Wf; nfhs;sg;gl;l rhd;wpjnohd;W kw;Wk; Mjdq;fs; njhlh;gpy; 27 Mk; gpd;dpizg;gpy; fhl;lg;gl;Ls;s khjphpg; gbtj;jpd; gpufhuk; MizahshplkpUe;J ngw;Wf; nfhs;sg;gl;l tpgunkhd;W vd;gd fld; tpz;zg;gj;Jld; rkh;g;gpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 11:13:2 mt;thwhd re;jh;gg ; q;fspy; : jpizf;fsj; jiyth; fld; njhifapid Fwpjj ; cj;jpNahfj;jUf;fd;wp Neubahf Njrpa tPlikg;G MizahshUf;F nrYj;JtjhAkpLj;J kw;Wk; fld; njhif KOikahf mwtplg;gl;L KbAk; tiu fhzpapd; chpj;J Njrpa tPlikg;G MizahsUf;F khw;wg;gl;LkpUe;J Mjdj;jpid chpik nfhs;tjw;fhfg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;sg;gl;l fld; njhifapid Mjdj;jpd; chpikapidj; jdJ ngaUf;F khw;wpf; nfhs;tjw;F Kd;dh; KOikahf kPsr; nrYj;Jfpd;w my;yJ gpiz Kwpnahd;W kw;Wk; nry;Ygbaw;wjhf;f Kbahj mw;Nwhdpj; jj;Jtj;ij toq;Ffpd;w Mtznkhd;wpid> mjw;fhf murhq;fj;jpdhy; mjpfhukspf;fg;gl;l cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUth; ngaUf;F vOjp toq;Ffpd;w epge;jidapd; kPJ khj;jpuk;> Mjdj;jpd; chpj;ij jdJ ngaUf;F khw;wpf; nfhs;tjw;Fj; jdf;F chpikAz;nld jhd; mwpe;J itj;Js;sjhf cj;jpNahfj;jh; Njrpa tPlikg;G MizahsUf;F vOj;J %y cWjpnkhopnahd;iwAk; mspg;ghuhapd; gpiz Kwp kw;Wk; mw;Nwhdpj; jj;Jtj;ij toq;Ffpd;w Mtzk; vd;gtw;wpy; ifnahg;gk; ngw;Wf; nfhs;Sk; tpjpKiwiaf; iftpl KbAk;. 11:13:3 cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F toq;fg;gl;l fld; njhif jpizf;fsj; jiythpdhy; Njrpa tPlikg;G MizahsUf;F mDg;gg;gLfpd;w NghJ
266

mj;jpahak; XXIV

Nkw;Fwpj;j cg gphptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s cWjpnkhopia cs;slf;fpa Mtzj;jpd; gpujpnahd;wpidAk; Njrpa tPlikg;G MizahsUf;F rkh;g;gpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 11:13:4 flDf;fhf tpz;zg;gpf;fpd;w re;jh;gg ; j;jpy; fhzpapd; KOikahd tpgunkhd;wpid my;yJ fhzpapd; ngWkjpapid vLj;Jf; fhl;l Njrpa tPlikg;G MizahsUf;F Kbahjtplj;J> flid toq;Ftjw;F chpa mjpfhhpapd; mDkjp ngw;Wf; nfhs;sg;gl;ljd; gpd;dh;> tpz;zg;gjhuUf;Fg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s Kbe;j fld; njhifapd; mstpid jpizf;fsj; jiyth; Njrpa tPlikg;G MizahsUf;F mwptpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. mj;jifa re;jh;g;gq;fspy; Njrpa tPlikg;G MizahsUf;F cz;ikahfNt gzk; nrYj;j Ntz;baJ> fhzp gw;wpa KOikahd tpguk; kw;Wk; mjd; ngWkjp vd;g ; d Mizahshpdhy; mwptpf;fg;gl;l gpd;dUk;> cj;jpNahfj;jh; 263 Mk; nghJg; gbtj;jpd; gpufhuk; cld;gbf;ifg; gj;jpuj;ij Kiwahf vOjpf; ifr;rhj;jpl;ljd; gpd;dUkhFk;. 11:13:5 Nkw;$wpa cg gphptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s re;jh;gg ; q;fspy;> fhzp njhlh;ghd KOikahd tpgunkhd;wpid rkh;gg ; pg;gjw;F Kd;dh;> fhzpapd; fpl;ba ngWkjpia my;yJ mjpy; xU gFjpia jd;dplk; itg;Gr; nra;AkhW Njrpa tPlikg;G Mizahsh; xU njhifapid tpjpg;ghuhapd;> mt;itg;Gj; njhiff;Fk; cj;jpNahfj;jhplkpUe;J jw;fhypf xg;ge;jnkhd;wpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhz;L> mt;itg;Gj; njhiff;Fr; rkkhd fld; njhifnahd;wpid Neubahf MizahsUf;F mDg;g KbAk;. fhzpapd; KOikahd tpguk; kw;Wk; mjd; cz;ikg; ngWkjp vd;gtw;wpid mwptpjj ; jd; gpd;dh;> jw;fhypf xg;ge;jj;jpw;Fg; gjpyhf Gjpa xg;ge;jnkhd;wpid toikahd Kiwg;gb vOjpf; ifnahg;gj;ij ngw;Wf; nfhs;tNjhL MizahsUf;F NkyjpfkhfNth my;yJ FiwthfNth nrYj;jg;gl;l ahNjDnkhU njhif ,Ug;gpd; mjid rhp ghh;jJ ; rPuhf;fk; nra;J nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. 11:13:6 ,jd; 11:13:4 Mk; kw;Wk; 11:13:5 Mk; cg gphpTfspd; gpufhuk; vLf;fg;gLfpd;w eltbf;iffs;> chpathW 11:13:2 Mk; kw;Wk; 11:13:3 Mk; cg gphpTfspd; Vw;ghLfSf;F cl;gl;Lf; fhzg;gLk;. 11:13:7 Njrpa tPlikg;G MizahsUf;F gzk; nrYj;jpajd; gpd;dh;> Mjdj;ij chpik nfhs;Sk; Nehf;fk; iftplg;gbd;> fld; njhifahf MizahsUf;F nrYj;jg;gl;l njhifapid mth; jpizf;fsj; jiytUf;F kPsr; nrYj;Jkplj;J> mJ tiu Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jhplkpUe;J mwtplg;gl;l jtizg; gzj;jpid cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F kPsr; nrYj;j KbAk;. Mizahsh; kPsr; nrYj;Jfpd;w njhifapy; ahNjDk; Fiwnthd;W fhzg;gLkplj;J mjid Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jhplkpUe;J mwtpl;Lf; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. vdpDk;> cj;jpNahfj;jhplkpUe;J mwtplg;gl;l tl;b kw;Wk; fhg;GWjpj; jtiz vd;gtw;iw mtUf;F kPsr; nrYj;jyhfhJ. 11:13:8 thliff; nfhs;tdT Kiwapy; chpik nfhs;tjw;F vjph;ghh;ff ; g;gLfpd;w Mjdnkhd;W njhlh;gpy; fhzpapd; ngWkjp rhh;gpy; mbg;gil itg;Gj; njhifnahd;wpid Njrpa tPlikg;G Mizahshplk; itg;Gr; nra;Ak; nghUl;L fld; njhifnahd;W Njitg;gLkplj;J> mt;thW toq;fg;gLfpd;w fld; njhif> Muk;g itg;Gj; njhif my;yJ cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; xU tUl rk;gsk; vd;gtw;wpy; vJ FiwthfTs;sNjh mj;njhifia tpQ;rf; $lhJ. 11:14 Mtzq;fspd; ghJfhg;G: fld; njhifAld; njhlh;Gila rfy rl;l hPjpahd Mtzq;fs; kw;Wk; Vida Mtzq;fs; vd;gd flid toq;Ffpd;w jpizf;fsj;jpd; gjtp epiy cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUthpd; nghWg;gpy; fhg;giw xd;wpy; itf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. cj;jpNahfj;jH Mjdf; nfhs;tdT eltbf;iffs; kw;Wk; mtUf;Ff; fhzpapd; chpj;ijg; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;fpd;w chpik khw;wy; cWjpapd; gzpfs; vd;gd G+h;jj ; p nra;jjd; gpd;dh; jpizf;fsj; jiyth; ,t;thtzq;fspd; %yg; gpujpfis tutioj;Jg; ghPlr ; pj;Jg; ghh;jJ ; mtw;iw Vida chpa Mtzq;fSld; mjhtJ> gpizKwp kw;Wk; cld;gbf;ifg; gj;jpuk; vd;gtw;Wld; ghJfhg;ghff; fhg;giwapy; itj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 11:14:2 Mk; cg gphptpYs;s
267

mj;jpahak; XXIV

Vw;ghLfspd; fPod;wp> tl;b kw;Wk; fhg;GWjpj; jtiz vd;gd cs;spl;l KOikahd fld; njhifapid kPsr; nrYj;jp Kbf;Fk; tiu jpizf;fsj; jiyth; ,t;thtzq;fis chpa cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F toq;fyhfhJ. 11:14:1 cj;jpNahfj;jh; NtnwhU jpizf;fsj;jpw;F ,lkhw;wk; nra;ag;gLfpd;wtplj;J> Mtzq;fis cj;jpNahfj;jh; ,lkhw;wk; nra;ag;gl;l mYtyfj;jpw;F mDg;gf; $lhJ. flid kPs mwtplL ; f; nfhs;tjw;fhd tpguq;fis Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; Gjpa jpizf;fsj;jpw;F chpa khjphpg; gbtq;fspD}lhf mwptpj;J> mit fpilf;fg; ngw;wdntd mj; jpizf;fsj;jplkpUe;J fbjnkhd;wpid tutioj;Jf; nfhs;sy; NghJkhdjhFk;. 11:14:2 nrYj;Jtjw;F kPjkhfTs;s fld; epYitfisr; nrYj;jpajd; gpd;dh; my;yJ nrYj;jpaTld; fhzpia tpw;gid nra;tjw;F my;yJ mlF itg;gjw;F cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth; vjph;ghh;ff ; pd;wtplj;J> mg;gzpf;fhf rl;lj;juzp xUthpd; %yk; ghPlr ; pg;gjw;fhf chpj;JWjpapidg; ngw;Wj; jUkhW Ntz;LNfhs; tpLj;jhy; (murhq;fj;jpw;F mjid ve;jnthU re;jh;gg ; j;jpYk; ngw;Wf ; nfhs;sf; $bathW) ghPlr ; pj;Jg; ghh;jJ ; tpl;L jpUg;gp mDg;Gtjw;fhf mt;Thpj;JWjpapid jpizf;fsj; jiythpD}lhf mr;rl;lj;juzpf;F toq;f KbAk;. mj;jifa re;jh;gg ; q;fspy; chpj;JWjpapid Fwpg;gplj;jf;fsT FWfpa fhyj;jpy; kPzL ; k; jUtpj;Jf; nfhs;tjw;F eltbf;if vLf;f Ntz;baJ jpizf;fsj; jiythpd; nghWg;ghFk;. 11:14:3 ,t;thtzq;fs; vitAk; fhzhkw; NghFkplj;J my;yJ njhiye;J NghFkplj;J mjw;Fg; nghWg;Gf; $w Ntz;ba cj;jpNahfj;jh;/ cj;jpNahfj;jh;fs;> Njitahd re;jh;gg ; q;fspy; mt;thtzq;fspd; cWjpg;gLj;jg;gl;l gpujpfisg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;sy; Nghd;wtw;wpw;fhd rfy nrytpdq;fisAk; mit njhlh;ghd Vida nrytpdq;fisAk; jhq;fpf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lnkd;gNjhL> mjd; ngWNgnwhd;whf murhq;fk; nghWg;Ngw;f Ntz;ba el;lNkJkpUg;gpd; mjidAk; Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jh;/cj;jpNahfj;jh;fs; nrYj;Jjy; Ntz;Lk;. 11:15 ngw;Wf; nfhz;l fld; njhifia cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth; KOikahf jPhj ; J ; Kbj;jtplj;J> mf;fld; njhifAld; njhlh;Gila Muk;gj; njhif> tl;b kw;Wk; fhg;GWjpj; jtizahf mwtplg;gl Ntz;ba rfy njhiffSk; mwtplg;gl;L tpl;ljhf jpizf;fsj; jiyth; jpUg;jpailjy; Ntz;Lk;. mjd; gpd;dh; chpa Mtzq;fis ,uj;Jr; nra;J nry;Ygbaw;wjhf;f Ntz;Lk;. mj;jifa Gwf; Fwpg;G 22 Mk; gpd;dpizg;gpy; fhl;lg;gl;Ls;sthW Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl Ntz;baJld;> mtw;wpy; chpa jug;gpdh;fs; ifr;rhj;jplYk; Ntz;Lk;. mjd; gpd;dh; Mtzq;fis cj;jpNahfj;jUf;Ff; ifaspf;f KbAk;.
T T T T T T T

11:15:1 mw;Nwhdpj; jj;Jtj;ij chpik khw;wk; nra;fpd;w Mtzj;ij ,uj;Jr; nra;tjw;Fk; nry;Ygbaw;wjhf;Ftjw;Fk; mjpfhukspf;fg;gl;Ls;s mjpfhhp mjid ,uj;Jr; nra;J nry;Ygbaw;wjhf;fpajd; gpd;dh;> me;j mw;Nwhdpj; jj;Jtj;ij chpik khw;wk; nra;j Mtzj;ij nry;Ygbaw;wjhf;fpajhf fhzpg; gjpTj; jpizf;fsj;jpd; chpa gjpNtl;by; Fwpj;Jf; nfhz;ljd; gpd;dh;> jdf;F mjid kPsTk; mDg;gp itg;gjw;fhf jpizf;fsj; jiyth; mjid chpa fhzpg; gjpT mYtyfj;jpw;F mDg;Gjy; Ntz;Lk;. mjd; gpd;dh; chpj;JWjpiaAk;> nry;Ygbaw;wjhf;fpa mw;Nwhdpj; jj;Jtj;ij toq;Ffpd;w Mtzj;ijAk; gpizKwpiaAk; cj;jpNahfj;jhplk; ifaspf;f KbAk;.

12. 12.

fld; gStpypUe; ; tpLgLtjw;fhd fld; eJ fld;


ve;jNthh; xd;wpidg;

12:1 Ie;J tUlq;fSf;Ff; Fiwahj epue;ju NritapYs;s cj;jpNahfj;jUk; fld; gStpypUe;J kPStjw;fhd fld; njhif ngw;Wf;nfhs;tjwF cupik ngWfpwhu;.
268

mj;jpahak; XXIV

12:2 ,t;thW toq;fg;glf;$ba fld; njhifahdJ &.5>000 my;yJ nrYj;jg;gl Ntz;bAs;s fld; epYitj; njhif Mfpa ,uz;by; vJ Fiwe;jNjh mjw;F kl;Lg;gLj;jg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 12:3 fztd;> kidtp ,UtUk; murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jh;fshftpUf;Fkplj;J mth;fs; xt;nthUtUf;Fk; ,f;fld; njhifapidj; jdpj;jdpahf ngw;Wf;nfhs;Sk; cupikAz;L. Xh; cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F ,f;fld; njhifapid xUKiw khj;jpuNk toq;Fjy; Ntz;Lk;. 12:4 ,f;fld; njhiff;fhf tpz;zg;gpf;fpd;w xUtu;> fld; gStpd; cz;ikj; jd;ik njhlu;ghf jpizf;fsj; jiytiuj; jpUg;jpailar; nra;jy; Ntz;Lk;. mt;thW jpUg;jpailahjtplj;J fld; toq;Ftij epuhfupff ; jpizf;fsj; jiytUf;F KbAk;. 12:5 (m). (M). (,). (<). (c). (C). (v). (V). (I). (x). fld; tpz;zg;gj;jpy; gpd;tUk; tplaq;fs; cs;slf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. tpz;zg;gjhupapd; KOg; ngau; : gjtpg; ngah;: epue;jug; gjtpazpf;F Kjd; Kjypy; epakdk; ngw;w jpfjp : gpwe;j jpfjp : tpz;zg;gpf;fpd;w jpdj;jd;W khjhe;j rk;gsk; : my;yJ 40% tiuaiwf;Fs; cupathW rk;gsj;jpypUe;J 331/3% mlq;Ffpd;w rk;gsj;jpd; nkhj;jf; foptPLfs; : fld;gl;likf;fhd fhuzk; : tpz;zg;gjhuu; fld;gl;Ls;s egupd; my;yJ egu;fspd; ngaUk; tpyhrKk;: fld; ngw;w jpfjpAk; fld; njhifAk; : Nfhug;gLfpd;w fld; Njitg;gLtjw;fhd fhuzk; : (i). fld; xd;iwj; jPug ; ;gjw;fhfth? (ii). mlF itj;j nghUl;fis kPlg ; jw;fhfth? (iii). mlF xd;iw jPug ; g ; jw;fhfth? vd;w tplak;>

fld;gl;Ls;sik njhlu;ghf cWjpr; rhd;wpjo; xd;Wld; fld; gStpid cWjp nra;tjw;fhf vOj;J%y rhd;whjhuq;fisAk; rku;gg ; pj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 12:6 gpizahf Mff; Fiwe;jJ mf; fld; njhifapd; ngWkjpf;F rkkhd mirah Mjd mlnfhd;iwNah my;yJ fldpd; kPs; nfhLg;gditg; Gwf;fzpg;gjpypUe;J ghJfhg;gspf;fpd;w fhg;GWjp cWjpg; gj;jpunkhd;iwNah rkh;g;gpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. gpizf;Fg; gjpyhf [e;J tUlq;FSf;Ff; Fiwahj epue;ju Nritf;fhynkhd;iwf; nfhz;l murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtiu gpizahsnuhUtuhf rkh;g;gpf;f fld; ngWeUf;F KbAk;. 12:7 11.8 Mk; gpuptpd; Vw;ghLfs; gpizahsUf;Fg; nghUe;Jk;. fld;

12:8 jpizf;fsj; jiytupd; ghpe;Jiuapd; kPJ mt;thwhdnjhU njhifapid toq;Ftij mikr;rpd; nrayhsUf;F mDkjpf;f KbAk;. 12:9

nrayhsu; gpd;tUk; tplaq;fs; njhlu;gpy; cj;juthjkspjj ; y;; Ntz;Lk;. Njitahd rfy epge;jidfSk;

12:9:1 fld; toq;Ftjw;F G+u;jj ; pnra;ag;gl;Ls;sdntd.

12:9:2 jpizf;fsj; jiytu; Fwpg;gpl;Ls;s ; Njitahd rfy Mtzq;fspYk; fld; ngWeh; vOjpf; ifnahg;gk; ,l;Ls;shnud. 12:10 fld; toq;Fjy; my;yJ kPsr; nrYj;jy; vd;gd njhlu;ghf nghWg;Gf; $w Ntz;ba ahNuDNkhH cj;jpNahfj;jupd; ftdaPdk; fhuzkhf my;yJ mf;fiwaPdk; jpizf;fsj;jpw;F ahNjDnkhU gzhPjpahd el;lk; Vw;gbd;> mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jh; xOf;fhw;W eltbf;iffSf;F cl;gLj;jg;gl Ntz;baJld;
269

mj;jpahak; XXIV

mjw;F Nkyjpfkhf Ntz;Lk;.

murhq;f

epjpf;F

Vw;gLfpd;w

el;lj;ijAk;

nrYj;Jjy;

12:11 midj;J rl;lj; NjitfSk;; G+u;jj ; p nra;ag;gl;Ls;sdntd jpizf;fsj; jiytu; cWjpg;gLj;jpf; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lnkd;gNjhL. fld; njhifapid KOikahf nrYj;jp Kbf;Fk; tiu cld;gbf;ifg; gj;jpuk;> gpiz cWjp kw;Wk; cWjpfs; vd;gtw;iw jkJ nghWg;gpy; itj;jpUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.

13. zq; q;fs; 13. tpoh Kw;gz s.


13:1 jifikfs; epue;ju> jw;fhypf my;yJ mka murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; ,k;Kw;gzj;ijg; ngWtjw;F cupj;Jilatuhthu;. jw;fhypf my;yJ mka Copau; xUth; ,k;Kw;gzj;ijg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;F jifikahsh; xUtuhf khWtJ> ,k; Kw;gzj;ijg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;F jifikahsh; xUtuhf khWtJ mtu; %d;W khjq;fs; njhlu;r;rpahf Nritahw;wpAk; Kw;gzj;ij kPs mwtpLtjw;fhfj; Njitg;gLfpd;w KOf;fhyg; gFjpapYk; mtu; Nritapy; itj;Jf; nfhs;sg;gLthnud cWjpahf vjph;ghh;ff ; f; $baJkhf ,Ue;jhy; khj;jpuNk MFk;. ; gjtpepiy cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtUk; ,k;Kw;gzj;ijg; ngWtjw;F cupj;Jilatuhthu;. 13:2 njhif - cj;jpNahfj;jupd; tpUg;gj;jpd; gpufhuk; VNjDnkhU tUlhe;j tpohTf;fhf 500 &ghit Kw;gzkhf toq;f KbAk;. 3.5 Mk; cg gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s fld; njhifiaf; fopj;Jf; nfhs;sf; $ba vy;iyfs; ,k;Kw;gzj;Jf;F Vw;Gilj;jhfhJ. ,k;Kw;gzkhdJ tl;baw;wjhFk;. 13:3 gpizahsu;fs; - ,jw;F gpizahsu;fs; Njitapy;iy.

13:4 nrYj;jf; $ba re;ju;gg ; q;fs; - tpoh eilngwTs;s jpdj;jpw;F ,U thuq;fSf;F Kd;du; ,jid nrYj;jf; $lhJ. (rptndhspghjkiy ahj;jpiu> ukohd; Nghd;w) xU ePzl ; fhyk; tiu tpahgpj;Js;s xU tpohthapd;> Ke;jpa Mz;bNy mt;tpohtpw;fhf mk;Kw;gzk; toq;fg;gl;l jpfjpf;F ,U thuq;fSf;F Kd;du; ,jidr; nrYj;j KbAk;. 13:5 ,e;j Kw;gzj; njhifia 10 khjj; jtizfspy; my;yJ> Njitahapd;> mjw;F Kd;du; kPs mwtpl;Lf; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. nkhj;jj; njhifapidAk; kPs mwtpl;Lf;nfhs;tjw;F Kd;du;> cj;jpNahfj;jupd; Nrit KbTWj;jg;gl;lhy;> murhq;fj;jpw;F kPsg; ngw Ntz;bAs;s vitNaDk; njhiffs; ,Ug;gpd; mtw;Wld; ,k; Kw;gzj;jpy; kPjpahf cs;s njhifapidAk;> mtUf;Fr; nrYj;jg;gl Ntz;bAs;s VNjDk; njhifapypUe;J Kjypy; mwtply;; Ntz;Lk;. mt;thW Nrit KbTWk; vd vjpu;ghu;f;fg;gLk; re;ju;gg ; nkhd;wpy; Nritapid KbTWj;Jtjw;F Kd;du;> nkhj;j Kw;gzj; njhifiaAk; kPs mwtplf; $bathW kPs; mwtPlL ; j; jtizfisf; Fiwj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 13:6 jlitfs; - 12 khjf; fhyg; gFjpapDs; ,k;Kw;gzj; njhifapid xU Kiw khj;jpuNk toq;Fjy; Ntz;Lk;. Kw;gzk; ngwg;gLfpd;w tpoh eilngwTs;s jpdk; khw;wkilaf; $ba xd;whapd; (cjhuzkhf ntrhf; cw;rtk;) Kw;gzk; xd;wpid nrYj;Jtjw;F 12 khjq;fs; Kbtjw;F Kd;duhapDk;> mLj;j gQ;rhq;f khjj;jpy; mt; tpohtpw;fhf Kw;gzk; xd;wpid toq;f KbAk;.

270

mj;jpahak; XXV
njhopw;rq;fq;fspd; cWg;gpdu;fSf;fhd fhd rYiffs;
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. xg;gg;gzj;ij mwtply; flik yPT Gifapuj Mizr;rl P L ; f;fs; fs; cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtiu njhopw;rq;f Ntiyf;F tpLtpj;jy; njhopw;rq;f Ntiyf;fhf tpLtpf;fg;gl; gl;l cj;jpNahfj;jnuhU nuhUtUf; tUf;F rk;gsk; toq;Fjy; njhopw;rq;f rk;Nksdq;fs; njhopw;rq;f cj;jpNahfj;jh;fspd; fspd; ,lkhw;wk; jpizf;fsr; Rw;wwpf;ifg; gpujpfis toq;fy;

271

mj;jpahak; XXV
njhopw;rq;fq;fspd; cWg;gpdu;fSf;fhd fhd rYiffs;
1. cWg;ghz;ik xg;gg;gzk; kuz ed;nfhil jpl;lq; lq;fs; kw;Wk; NtW mjidnahj;j jpll ; q;fSf; Sf;Fkhd cjTnjhiffs;
1:1 murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jh;fSf;fhd gjpT nra;ag;gl;l njhopw;rq;fnkhd;wpd; cWg;gpdnuhUtUf;fhd xg;gg;gzk; mthpd; rk;gsg; gl;baypD}lhf mwtplg;glyhk;. gjpTnra;ag;gl;l njhopwr ; q;fk; vd;gJ njhopw;rq;fq;fspd; gjpthsupdhy; gjpT nra;ag;gl;l njhopw;rq;fnkhd;whFk;. ,t;tj;jpahaj;jpy; rq;fk; vd mJ Fwpg;gL P nra;ag;gLk;. 1:2 rk;gsg; gl;baypD}lhf xg;gg;gzj;jpid mwtpLtjw;F jdJ rk;kjj;ijj; njuptpf;Fk; tifapy; cWg;gpdu; xg;gkpl;l khjphpg; gbtnkhd;W rq;fj;jhy; rk;ge;jg;gl;l rk;gsf; nfhLg;gdT cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F rkh;gg ; pf;fg;gly;; Ntz;Lk;. ,g;gbtk;; jpizf;fsj;jpYs;s cj;jpNahfj;jh; ngau; topf;Nfhg;gpy; Nfhitg;gLj;jg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 1:3 cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUth; NtnwhU jpizf;fsj;jpw;F ,lkhw;wk; nra;ag;gLkplj;J xg;gg; gzj;ij> rk;gsg; gl;baypD}lhf mwtpLtjw;fhf Gjpa rk;gsf; nfhLgg;dT cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F mDg;gg;gLfpd;w foptPLfs; njhlh;ghd gl;baypy; Fwpg;gply; Ntz;Lk;. 1:4 cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUth; rk;gsf; nfhLg;gdT cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F jdJ Ke;jpa tpUg;gj; njupit ,y;yhnjhopj;J vOj;J %yk; mwptpf;fyhk;. mj;jifa ,y;yhnjhopg;nghd;wpw;fhd njuptpg;G rq;fk; %yk; mDg;gg;glhtplj;J> mt;TWg;gpduplkpUe;jhd mwtPL jd;dhy; vj;NjjpapypUe;J epWj;jg;gLnkd rk;gsf; nfhLg;gdT cj;jpNahfj;jh; rq;fj;jpw;F vOj;jpy; mwptpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. chpa cj;jpNahfj;jNuhL ciuahb mtuJ Kbit khw;wpf; nfhs;tjw;fhf fhy mtfhrkspf;FkhW vj;jug;gpdhYk; Kd; itf;fg;gLk; Nfhhpf;if fUj;jpy; nfhs;sg;gl khl;lhJ. 1:5 khjhe;j xg;gg;gzq;fis Nrfupf;Fk; rq;fnkhd;W mjd; xt;NthH cWg;gpduplkpUe;Jk; epjpahz;bd; Kjy; khjk; njhlf;fk; Nkw;nfhs;sg;glTs;s mwtply; gw;wpa ml;ltiznahd;wpd; ,izg;gpujpapid rk;gsf; nfhLg;gdT cj;jpNahfj;jUf;Ff; nfhLj;JjTjy; Ntz;Lk;. epjpahz;bd; Kjy; khjj;jpy; xt;nthU cWg;gpduplkpUe;Jk; mwtplg;glTs;s njhif ml;ltizapd; chpa epuypy; gjpag;gly; Ntz;Lk;. mjd; ,U gpujpfSk; mk;khjj;jpd; gj;jhk; ehSf;F Kd; chpa rk;gsf; nfhLg;gdT cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F mDg;gp itf;fg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. rk;gsf; nfhLg;gdT cj;jpNahfj;jh; ml;ltizapd; gpujp xd;wpid jhd;; itj;Jf;nfhz;L kw;iwaij gzj; njhifAld; rq;fj;jpw;F mDg;gp itg;ghh;. me;epjpahz;bd; mLj;JtUk; khjq;fspYk; ,e;eilKiwNa ifahsg;gLk;. 1:6 rq;fnkhd;wpdhy; rk;gsf; nfhLg;gdT cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F khje;NjhWk; mDg;gpitf;fg;gLfpd;w ml;ltizfspy; VNjDnkhU khw;wj;ij nra;jpUg;gpd;> rk;gsf; nfhLg;gdT cj;jpNahfj;jh;; jd;dplk; cs;s gpujpfspYk; mk;khw;wj;ijf; Fwpj;Jf; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. mt;thNw rk;gsf; nfhLg;gdT cj;jpNahfj;juhy; jd;dplKs;s ml;ltizg; gpujpapy; nra;ag;gLk; khw;wnkhd;W nra;ag;gbd; mjid rq;fj;jpw;F mDg;gg;gLfpd;w gpujpapYk; Fwpj;Jf; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. 1:7 fhyhz;Lf;nfhUKiwNah> miuahz;bw;nfhUKiwNah Mz;Lf;nfhUKiwNah xg;gg;gzq;fis Nrfupf;fpd;w rq;fnkhd;W
272

my;yJ xg;gg;gzk;

mj;jpahak; XXV

mwtplg;gl Ntz;ba Kjy; khjj;jpd; 7k; ehSf;F Kd;du; chpa gl;bay;fis ,izg; gpujpfspy; nfhLj;JjTjy; Ntz;Lk;. 1:8 cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtu; jpizf;fsnkhd;wpypUe;J kw;nwhU jpizf;fsj;Jf;F ,lkhw;wQ; nra;ag;gLkplj;J> mwtplg;glNtz;ba njhifgw;wp mtu; vj;jpizf;fsj;ij tplL ; r; nry;fpd;whNuh mj;jpizf;fsk; Gjpa jpizf;fsj;jpw;F mwptpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. Gjpa jpizf;fsk; mwtPLfisr; nra;jy; Ntz;Lnkd;gJld; mj;jpizf;fsj;jpd; ml;ltizapy; cj;jpNahfj;juJ ngau; kw;Wk; NtW tplaq;fis cl;Nru;jJ ; f; nfhs;sYk; Ntz;Lk;. 1:9 ,t;Ntw;ghLfspd; fPo; (XXIV Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; 3:5 Mk; gpupit ghu;ff ; Tk;.) nra;ag;gLfpd;w vy;yh mwtPLfSk; cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtupd; rk;gsj;jpypUe;J mwtplw;ghyjhd kl;Lg;ghl;Lf;Fl;glf; $baitahFk;.

2. flik yPT
2:1 rq;f cWg;gpdnuhUtUf;F mtupd; rq;fj;jpd; Mz;Lg; nghJf; $l;lj;Jf;F rKfkspf;Fk; Nehf;fj;Jf;fhf Nritapd; mtru Njitg;ghl;Lf;F mika> xUehs; flik yPTk; xU Nrhb Gifapuj Mizr;rl P L ; f;fSk; toq;fg;glyhk;. 2:2 rq;fnkhd;wpd; gpujpepjpf; FO cWg;gpdnuhUtUf;F> mikr;rnuhU tiuNah> nrayhsnuhUtiuNah my;yJ jpizf;fsj; jiytnuhUtiuNah Neu;Kfkhfr; re;jpg;gjw;F flik yPTk; Gifapuj Mizr;rl P L ; f;fSk; toq;fg;glyhk;. MapDk; ,t;tDruiz toq;fg;gLtJ gpujpepjpfs; FOtpd; vz;zpf;if %d;W mq;fj;jth;fSf;F Nkw;glhkYk;> gpujpepjpfs; FONthL ciuahl chpa mikr;rhpd; my;yJ chpa cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; cld;ghL fpilf;fg;ngw;WkpUg;gpd; khj;jpuNkahFk;.

3. Gifapuj Mizr;rl P L ; f;fs;


3:1 cl;gpupTfs; 2:1> 2:2 ,d; fPo; toq;fg;gLfpd;w Mizr;rl P L ; f;fspd; ngWkjp fzf;Ff; nfhLg;gdTg; gzpg;ghsupd; gzpg;gpd;gb gw;wpy; itf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. Mizr;rl P b ; y; flikapd; jd;ik vd;w $l;bw;nfjpNu (njhopw;rq;fj;jpidf; Fwpf;Fk;) njh.r vd;w vOj;Jf;fs; vOjg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. Mizr;rl P L ; toq;fYf;fhd Fwpg;ghd fhuzKk; rk;ge;jg;gl;l njhopw; rq;fj;jpd; ngaUk; Rl;bf;fhl;lg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. (cjhuzk; - njh.r. - .. rq;fj;jpd; Mz;Lg; nghJf;$l;lk;.) 3:2 ,j;jifa nrytpdj;ij Nkw;nfhs;s Ntz;ba nghWg;G Vw;gLfpd;w NghJ fzf;Ff; nfhLg;gdTg; gzpg;ghsuplkpUe;J xJf;fPnlhd;W ngwg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. 3:3 xJf;fl P i ; lg; ngWtjpYk; mt;nthJf;fl P N ; lhL njhlh;Gila gw;W njhlHghf mwptpg;gjpYk; fzf;Ff; nfhLg;gdTg; gzpg;ghsu; tpjpj;Jiuj;Js;s eilKiwapidg; gpd;gw;Wjy; Ntz;Lk;. 3:4 rq;fj;jpy; gjpTnra;ag;gl;l cWg;gpduy;yhjtNuh my;yJ cWg;ghz;ik fhyhtjpahdtNuh ,r;rYiffisg; gad;gLj;j ,lkspf;fg;gltpy;iynad;gjpy; mtjhdkhapUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.

273

mj;jpahak; XXV

4. rq;fnkhd;wpd; gjtp jhq;Feu; xUtiu KONeu njhopw; rq;f Ntiyf;F tpLtpj;jy;


4:1 rq;fnkhd;wpd; cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUth; KONeu njhopw;rq;f Ntiyf;F Nritapd; mtru fhy Njitg;ghl;Lf;F mika ,uz;L Mz;LfSf;Nfh my;yJ rq;fj;jpy; gjtp tfpf;Fk; tiuapNyh ,jpy; vJ FiwNth mf;fhyg;gFjp tiu tpLtpf;fg;glyhk;. chpa rq;fj;jpd; Ntz;LNfhspd;gb cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUthpd;; tpLtpg;Gf; fhyj;ij ehd;F Mz;Lfs; tiu ePbf;fyhk;. 4:2 cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtiu tpLtpg;gjhapd;> rq;fj;jpd; cWg;ghz;ik gutyhff; fhzg;gLkplj;J> Mff;Fiwe;jJ 1000 NgUf;fhd cWg;ghz;ikiaf; nfhz;ljhapUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. cWg;ghz;ik gutyhf fhzg;glhJ my;yJ xU jhgdk; my;yJ epiyaj;jpw;Fl;gLj;jg;gl;Lf; fhzg;gLkplj;J Mff; Fiwe;jJ 1>500 NgUf;fhd cWg;ghz;ikiaf; nfhz;bUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. rq;fnkhd;W 3000 NgUf;F Nkw;gl;l cWg;ghz;ikiaf; nfhz;Ls;stplj;J KONeu rq;f Ntiyf;fhf ,U cj;jpNahfj;jh;fs; tpLtpf;fg;glyhk;. 4:3 Ntz;LNfhnshd;Wf;fika ehd;F Mz;LfSf;F Nkw;gl;l fhyg;gFjpf;fhd tpLtpg;G> Nritapd; mtru Njitg;ghLfSf;F mika cj;jpNahfj;jh; rhu;eJ ; s;s jpizf;fsj;jpw;Fg; nghWg;ghd mikr;rupd; ,zf;fj;Jld; Mz;LNjhWk; ePbf;fg;glyhk;. mj;jifa ePbg;nghd;wpw;F rq;fnkhd;wplkpUe;jhd vy;yh Ntz;LNfhs;fSlDk; mj;jifa ePbg;gpw;fhd cj;jpNahfj;jupd; vOj;jpyhd rk;kjk;; Nru;jJ ; mDg;gg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. 4:4 ,r;rYiffis ngwg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. mspg;gjw;fhf jhgdg; gzpg;ghsupd; Kd;dq;fPfhuk;

5. rq;fnkhd;wpd; KONeu njhopw;rq;f Ntiyf;fhf tpLtpf;fg;gl;Ls;s cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUf;F rk;gsk; toq;Fjy; jy;.
5:1 cj;jpNahfj;jh; Xa;T+jpaj;jpw;Fupa Xa;T+jpa gq;fspg;Gj; njhifahf mtuJ nrYj;Jjy; Ntz;Lk;. epakdnkhd;iw tfpf;fpd;wtuhapd; rk;gsj;jpy; 25 rjtPjj;ij rq;fk;

5:2 mtu; gfpuq;f Nrit Nrkyhg epjpaj;jpw;F gq;fspg;Gr; nra;fpd;wtuhapd;> murhq;fj;jpd; gq;fspg;ig gfpuq;f Nrit Nrkyhg epjpaj;jpw;F rq;fk; nrYj;Jjy; Ntz;Lk;. 5:3 mt;thNw mj;jifa cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUthpd; rk;gsj;jpypUe;Jk; mtrpag;gLfpd;wNghJ Nkyjpf rk;gsj;jpypUe;Jk; 50 rjtPjj;ij mj;jifa cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F rq;fk; nrYj;j Ntz;Lk;. kPjp 50 rjtPjj;ijAk; tho;fi ; fr; nryTg; gbiaAk; murhq;fk; cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F nrYj;Jjy; Ntz;Lk;.

6. njhopw; rq;f rk;Nksdq;fs;


6:1 murhq;fj;jpdhy; mq;ff P upf;fg;gl;l xt;nthU njhopw; rq;f rk;Nksdk; rhHghfTk; ,uz;L cj;jpNahfj;jh;fs;; KONeu rk;Nksd Ntiyf;fhf tpLtpf;fg;glyhk;. 6:2 cl;gpupT 6:1 ,d; fPo; tpLtpf;fg;gl;l cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtUf;fhd rk;gsk; kw;Wk; gbfs; murhq;fj;jpdhy; nrYj;jg;gLk;. 6:3 cl;gpupT 6:1,d; fPo; tpLtpf;fg;gLfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jh;fSf;F ntWkNd rq;f Ntiyf;fhf ,yq;ifapYs;s VNjDk; epiyaj;jpw;Fr; nry;tjw;fhf ,ytr Gifapuj Mizr;rl P L ; f;fs; kw;Wk; kj;jpa Nghf;Ftuj;Jr; rig g];tz;bfSf;fhd ,ytr mDkjpr;rl P L ; f;fs; vd;gd toq;fg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;.
274

mj;jpahak; XXV

7. njhopw;rq;f cj;jpNahfj;jh;fspd; spd; ,lkhw;wk;


7:1 rq;fj;jpd; jha; epWtdj;jpd; gpujhd gjtp jhq;Feh;fshd cj;jpNahfj;jh;fs;> ; rq;f Ntiyf;fhf mtu;fspd; Nrit Njitg;gLj;jg;gLfpd;w epiyaq;fSf;F epakpf;fg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. mth;fs;> rhjhuz ,lkhw;w tpjpfspd; fPo; ,lkhw;wj;jpw;F cs;shf;fg;glkhl;lhh;fs;.. 7:2 ,r;rYif toq;fg;glNtz;baJ rq;fj;jpd; ve;jg; gjtpfSf;nfdTk;> ve;jr; rq;fj;jpw;nfdTk; mtu;fs; ,izf;fg;gl Ntz;baJ ve;epiyaq;fSf;nfdTk; chpa mjpfhupahy; (cl;gpupT 7:6 ,y; tiutpyf;fzg;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;sthW) chpa rq;fj;Jld;; fye;jhNyhrpf;fg;gl;L jPuk ; hdpf;fg;gLk;. 7:3 cl;gpupT 7:1 ,d; fPo; VNjDnkhU epiyankhd;wpw;F epakpf;fg;gl;l cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtu;> ,r;rYiff;F mtiu cupj;jhf;Ffpd;w gjtpapypUe;J mth; ePqF ; fpd;w NghJ my;yJ cau; gjtpf;Nfh> juj;jpw;Nfh my;yJ tFg;gpw;Nfh gjtp cau;T ngWfpd;w NghJ toikahd ,lkhw;w tpjpfSf;F cl;gLj;jg;gLthh;. 7:4 vg;nghOJk; ,r;rYif mspf;fg;gl Ntz;baJ Nritapd; mtru Njitg;ghLfSf;Fk; xOf;fhW njhlh;ghd tpjpfSf;Fk;; mikthfNtahFk;. ,r;rYifia mDgtpf;fpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUth; mj;jifa xU tplak; fhuzkhf ,lkhw;wk; nra;ag;gl Ntz;bapUg;gpd; mj;jpizf;fsj;jpw;Fg; nghWg;ghd mikr;rupd; mq;ff P huk; ngwg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. 7:5 ,r;rYifiag; mDgtpf;f tpUk;Gfpd;w rq;fnkhd;W gpd;tUk; tplaq;fs; cs;slf;fg;gl;l tpz;zg;gnkhd;iw chpa mjpfhupf;F rkh;g;gpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. ,r;rYif toq;fg;gl vjph;ghh;ff ; g;gLfpd;w gjtpjhq;Feu;fspd; ngau;fs; mt;ntht;Nthh; cj;jpNahfj;jU mku;jj ; g;glNtz;ba rq;fj;jpd; jw;NghJs;s cWg;ghz;ikfspd;; vz;zpf;if 7:6 me;je;j rq;fq;fSf;fhd chpa mjpfhup vd;gth; nfhz;l epiyaq;fs; kw;Wk;

,ize;j Nritnahd;Wf;Fhpj;jhd cj;jpNahfj;jh;fisf; rq;fnkhd;W njhlu;gpy; nghJ epUthf mikr;rpd; nrayhsu;

xU jpizf;fsj;jpd; cj;jpNahfj;jh;fis khj;jpuk; cWg;ghz;ikahff; nfhz;Ls;s rq;fnkhd;W njhlu;gpy; mj;jpizf;fsj; jiytu;. xU jpizf;fsj;jpd; cj;jpNahfj;jh;fSf;F khj;jpuk;; cWg;ghz;ik kl;Lg;gLj;jg;glhj rq;fnkhd;W njhlu;gpy; nghJ epUthf mikr;rpd; nrayhsu;.

8. jpizf;fsr; Rw;wwpf;ifg; gpujpfis toq;fy;:


8:1 rq;fnkhd;wpd; eltbf;iffNshL njhlh;Gila xt;nthU jpizf;fsr; Rw;wwpf;ifapd; gpujpnahd;iw> fl;lzNkJkpd;wp mr;rq;fj;jpw;F toq;Fjy; Ntz;Lk;. mr;rplg;gl;l Rw;wwpf;iffspd; Nkyjpfg; gpujpfis murhq;f ntspaPlL ; g; gzpafj;jpypUe;J rq;fj;jpw;F nfhs;tdT nra;J nfhs;s KbAk;. gpujpnaLf;Fk; ,ae;jpuj;jpD}lhf vLf;fg;gLfpd;w Rw;wpf;iffspd;; Nkyjpfg; gpujpfSf;Fg; gpd;tUk; fl;lzq;fs; mwtplg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. rjk; KO kbj;jhs; gpujpnahd;W 20 KO kbj;jhs; gpujpnahd;W (,Ugf;f) 40 KO kbj;jhs; gpujpnahd;W (ehd;kb) 10 KO kbj;jhs; gpujpnahd;W (ehd;kb> ,Ugf;f) 20
275

mj;jpahak; XXV

8:2 Rw;wpf;ifnahd;wpd; jl;nlOj;Jg; gpujpfs; toq;fg;gl Ntz;bAs;stplj;J mjw;fhd tpjpg;gdTf; fl;l ; zq;fis jhgdg;gzpg;ghsh; jPuk ; hdpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 8:3 me;juq;f my;yJ kpf,ufrpaj; jd;ik tha;ej ; Rw;wwpf;iffspd; gpujpfs; rq;fnkhd;wpw;F toq;fg;glf; $lhJ.

276

mj;jpahak; - XXVI
cj;jpNahfj;ju;fSila clw;wFjp gw;wpa kUj;Jt gupNrhjidAk; kUj;Jt guhkhpg;Gk;
1. nghJthdit 2. fl;lzj; njhif 3. kUj;Jtkidf; tkidf; fl;lzq;fis mwtply; 4. kUj;Jt gupNrhjid 5. kUj;Jt gupNrhjidf;fhd fl;lzq;fis mwtply;

277

mj;jpahak; - XXVI
cj;jpNahfj;ju;fSila clw;wFjp gw;wpa kUj;Jt gupNrhjidAk; kUj;Jt guhkhpg;Gk;
1.

nghJthdit

1:1 ,g;gpuptpy; FLk;gk; vDk; gjj;jpdhy; fUjg;gLgth;fs; tpthfkhd cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUth; njhlu;gpyhapd;> mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jupd; tho;fi ; fj; Jiz kw;Wk; mthpy; jq;fp thOfpd;w Foe;ijfs; MfpNahuhthh;. jGjhuh; xUtuhapd; mtuJ Foe;ijfs; kw;Wk; mtupy; jq;fp thOfpd;w jha; kw;Wk; rNfhjup MfpNahuhth;. tpthfkhfhj cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; njhlu;gpy;> mtupd; fPo; jq;fp tho;fpd;w jha;/ je;ij my;yJ rNfhjud;/ rNfhjup tpthkhd kfnshUth; jq;fp tho;fpd;w gps;isnahUtuhff; fUjg;glkhl;lu;. epue;ju NehahspnahUtuhf ,Ue;jhyd;wp 18 taJ my;yJ mjw;F Nkw;gl;l Mz; gps;isnahUth; jq;fp tho;fpd;w xUtuhf fUjg;glkhl;lu;. rNfhjupvDk; gjj;jpy; tpjitr; rNfhjupnahUtu; cs;slq;f khl;lhu;. jha;/ je;ij kw;Wk;/my;yJ rNfhjud;/ rNfhjup njhlu;gpy; jq;fp tho;gth; vDk; gjk; nghUs;Nfhly; nra;ag;gl Ntz;baJ xvi Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; 1:3:4 Mk; cg gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sthwhFk;. 2.

fl;lzj; njhif

2:1 kUj;Jtg; guhkhpg;Gj; njhlu;ghf jdf;F vt;tpj nrytpidAk; Vw;f Ntz;b Vw;glhjtplj;J> tUlnkhd;wpw;F 12>840 &ghtpw;Ff; Fiwthd rk;gsj;ijg; ngWfpd;w vj;juj;ijAk; Nru;ej ; murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; njhlu;gpy; kUj;Jt cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; fl;lzk; vijAk; ngwhJ kUj;Jtg; guhkhpg;ig toq;Fjy; Ntz;Lk;. kUj;Jt cj;jpNahfj;ju;; xUtu; mj;jifa murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtiug; ghu;g;gjw;fhf mtuJ tPlb ; w;F nry;y Ntz;ba Njit Vw;gLkplj;J> kUj;Jtkidapy; ,Ue;J mtuJ tPlb ; w;F cs;s J}uk; 1 ikYf;Ff; $Ljyhapd; mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jupdhy; mg;gazj;jpw;Fg; nghUj;jkhd thfdk; xd;wpid Vw;ghL nra;J nfhLj;jy;; Ntz;Lk;. ,d;Nwy; Kjy; ikypw;F mg;ghy; gazpf;fpd;w xt;nthU g+uz ikYf;Fk;; 6 &gh tPjk; iky;$ypia toq;Fjy; Ntz;Lk;. ,t;nthOq;F tpjpapd; fPo; fl;lzkpd;wp Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLfpd;w kUj;Jtg; guhkhpg;gpy; Neha; ,dq;fhzNyhL njhlh;Gila kyj;jpd; gf;wh P pahg; ghpNrhjidfs; ,uj;jg; ghpNrhjidfs;> rpWePh; kw;Wk; kyk; njhlh;ghd ,urhadg; ghpNrhjidfs; mj;jifa Vida ghpNrhjidfs; vd;gd mlq;Fk;. vdpDk; vf;]N ; u ghpNrhjid ,jpy; mlq;fhJ. 2:2 &gh. 12>840 my;yJ mjw;F Nkw;gl;l NghjpYk; &gh 14>520 ,w;Ff; Fiwthd rk;gsj;ijg; ngWfpd;w murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUf;F nfhOk;G> fz;b> fhyp kw;Wk; aho;gg ; hzk; Mfpa efuq;fspy; jtpu;ej ; NtNwhh; ,lj;jpy; ,q;F fPNo %d;whk; epuypy; fhl;lg;gl;Ls;s fl;lzj;jpd; mstpw;Nfw;g kUj;Jtg; guhkhpg;igg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;tjw;F chpj;Jz;L.

278

mj;jpahak; XXVI

2:3 ,q;F 2.2 cg gpuptpd; fPo; ,ytr kUj;Jt rpfpr;irapidg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;F cupik ngWfpd;w murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; jtph;ej ; NtNwhh; murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;ju xUtH> Xa;T+jpak; ngWfpd;w xUtu; kw;Wk; mtu;fsJ FLk;gq;fisr; Nrh;ej ; th;fSk;; nfhOk;G> fz;b> aho;gg ; hzk; Mfpa ,lq;fspy; kUj;Jt rpfpr;irapidg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;fhf xt;nthUtUk; jhNd xOq;Ffisr; nra;J nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. &.12>120 ,w;Ff; Fiwe;j rk;gsk; ngWfpd;w murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtupd; FLk;gk; &.12>120 ,w;F Nkw;gl;l NghjpYk;; &.12>840 ,w;Ff; Fiwe;j rk;gsk; ngWfpd;w murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtupd; FLk;gk; &.12>120 my;yJ mjdpYk; ghHf;f mjpfhpj;j NghjpYk; &.12>840 Yk; Fiwe;j Xa;T+jpankhd;iwg; ngWfpd;w Xa;T ngw;w xUtUk; mtuJ FLk;gKk; &.r. 15.00 &.12>840 ,w;F Nkw;gl;l NghjpYk;; &.14>520 ,w;F Fiwe;j rk;gsk; ngWfpd;w murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtUk; mtuJ FLk;gKk; &.12>840 kw;Wk; mjdpYk; ghHf;f mjpfhpj;j NghjpYk; &.14>520 Yk; Fiwe;j rk;gsnkhd;iwg; ngWfpd;w Xa;T ngw;w xUtUk; mtuJ FLk;gKk;; &.r. 20.00

&.12>120 ,w;Ff; Fiwe;j Xa;T+jpak; ngWfpd;w xUtUk; FLk;gKk;

KjyhtJ gazj;jpw;F me;Nehahsp njhlu;ghf mjd; gpd;du; nry;fpd;w xt;nthU gazj;jpw;Fk; cly; eyk; NjWk; tiuapy; kfg; Ngw;Wf;fhf nry;Yk; gazj;jpw;fhf (3 gazq;fs;) ; kUj;Jt kidapy; ,Ue;J xU ikYf;F mg;ghYs;s tPnlhd;wpw;F nry;fpd;w xt;nthU gazj;jpw;Fk;> KjyhtJ ikYf;fg;ghy; gazpf;Fk; xt;nthU G+uz ikYf;Fkhd thlif

&.r. 10.00

10.00

15.00

20.00

60.00

80.00

100.00

10.00
279

15.00

15.00

mj;jpahak; XXVI

2:4 mUfpYs;s kUj;Jt cj;jpNahfj;jupD}lhf jdJ kw;Wk; jdJ FLk;gj;jpdUf;F jdJ tPlb ; Ny ,ytrkhf kUj;Jtg; guhkhpg;igg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;s cupikAs;s nghyp]; jpizf;fs cj;jpNahfj;ju;fSf;Fk; nghyP]hUf;Fk;> ; jkJ FLk;gj;jpdu; rpiwr;rhiyapypUe;J xU iky; J}uj;jpw;Fs; trpg;gtu;fshapd; me;je;j cj;jpNahfj;ju;fs; cs;spl;l jkJ FLk;gj;jpdUf;Fk; rpiwr;rhiy kUj;Jt cj;jpNahfj;ju;f@lhf guhkhpg;igg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;s chpj;Js;s rpiwr;rhiyj; jpizf;fsj;jpd; rpiwf;fhtyh;fSf;Fk; kw;Wk; mjdpYk; fPOs;s gjtpfisr; Nru;ej ; cj;jpNahfj;ju;fSf;Fk;> mtu;fsJ FLk;gj;jpdUf;Fk; 2.1 Kjy; 2.3 tiuapyhd cg gpupTfs; Vw;Giladthfh. 2:5 murhq;f kUj;Jtkid xd;wpy; my;yJ kUe;Jr;rhiy xd;wpy; murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;ju;fSf;F rpfpr;iraspj;jy; njhlu;ghd chpa xOq;Ftpjpfs; kw;Wk; fl;lzq;fs; vd;gd Rfhjhu jpizf;fsj;jpdhy; ntspaplg;gl;Ls;s kUj;Jtkidf; fl;lzq;fSk; xOq;F tpjpfSk; vDk; ife;E}ypy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sd. 3.

kUj;Jtkidf; fl;lzq;fis mwtply;.

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280

mj;jpahak; XXVI

,g;gzpf;fhd gpuhe;jpa jpizf;fsj; jiytuhf mikgth;> mj;jifa fbjq;fis tpepNahfpg;gjw;Fj; jpizf;fsj; jiytupdhy; mq;ff P huk; toq;fg;gl;Ls;stUk;> mj;jpizf;fsj;jpd; khtl;l mYtyfnkhd;wpd; jiytUkhd xUtH my;yJ gpuhe;jpa jiytuhfg; gjtp tfpf;fpd;w xUtUkhthh;. fl;lhak; ,t;tYtyfk; gw;Wr; rPlL ; f;fs; fpilf;fg; ngw;wTld; mg;gzj;ijr; nrYj;j KbAkhdJk; cj;jpNahfj;jupd; rk;gsj;jpypUe;J mj;njhifapid mwtpl;Lf; fzf;F itf;ff;$baJkhd mYtyfnkhd;whf ,Uj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 3.3Mk; cg gpuptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s mwpKff; fbjj;jpd; khjpup : kUj;Jt mj;jpal;rfh; / kh.k.m jpU/jpUkjp/nry;tp mtu;fs; ,j;jpizf;fsj;jpy; gzpGhpfpd;w. (gjtpg; ngau;) xUtuhthh;. jhgd tpjpf; Nfhitapd; XXVI Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; fPo; rhjhuz mDruizia mtUf;F toq;f KbAk;. gzk; nrYj;Jtjw;fhf gw;Wr; rPlL ; f;fis jaT nra;J vd;dplk; rku;g;gpf;fTk;. jpizf;fsj; jiytu;/gpuhe;jpa jpizf;fsj; jiytu; gjtpg; ngau; 3:4 kUj;Jtkidf; fl;lzq;fSf;fhd gw;Wr; rPlb ; id kUj;Jt epWtdj;jpd; flikf;Fg; nghWg;ghd cj;jpNahfj;jh;> Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;ju; njhopy; Gupfpd;w jpizf;fsj;jpd; jiytuplk; my;yJ gpuhe;jpaj; jiytuplk; rku;g;gpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. mjd; gpujpfs; fzf;fha;thsu; ehafj;jpw;Fk; chpa cj;jpNahfj;jUf;Fk; gjpTj; jghypy; mDg;gp itf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. ,d;Nwy; Neubahf xg;gilf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 3:5 gw;Wr;rl P L ; fpilf;fg; ngw;W xU thuf; fhyg; gFjpf;Fs; jpizf;fsj; jiytu; my;yJ gpuhe;jpa jiytu; mjidj; jPuj ; j ; y; Ntz;Lk;. gzj;ijr; nrYj;Jtjw;fhd fhNrhiyfs;> fhRf; fl;lisfs; vd;gtw;wpid rkh;gg ; pf;f Ntz;baJ mg;gw;Wr; rPlb ; y; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s mwpTWj;jy;fspd; gpufhuNkahFk; mt;thW nrYj;jg;gLfpd;w njhifapid Fwpj;j jpizf;fsk; NgzptUfpd;w murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;ju;fspd; Kw;gzf; fzf;fpy; gw;whf itj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. fzf;F itj;jy; kw;Wk; mwtpl;Lf; nfhs;sy; Nghd;w gzpfSf;fhf gw;Wr; rPlb ; y; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s njhif mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jUf;F ; tl;bapd;wp toq;fg;gl;l Kw;gzj; njhifnahd;whff; fUjg;gLk;. Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;ju; njhlu;gpy; mj;jifa Kw;gzk; njhlu;ghd gP gbtj;jpw;fikthd jdpahd Nkyjpff; fzf;nfhd;wpid jpizf;fsg; Gj;jfq;fspy; itj;jpUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 3:6 gw;Wr; rPlb ; w;Nfw;g cj;jpNahfj;juplkpUe;J fpilf;fg; ngw Ntz;ba nkhj;jj; njhifAk; <Lnra;ag;gLk; tiu njhlu;rr ; pahf 18 khjhe;j jtizfspy; mj;njhifia mwtpl;Lf; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. gw;Wr;rl P L ; fpilf;fg;ngw;w khjj;jpw;F mLj;J tUfpd;w khjk; foptjw;F Kd;dh; mjd; Kjyhk; jtizj; njhifia fopj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. cj;jpNahfj;jupd; rk;gsj;jpypUe;J mt;thW mwtplg;gLfpd;w rfy njhifapidAk; Kw;gzf; fzf;fpy; tuT itj;J mJ gw;wpa jfty;fis me;j Kw;gzk; njhlu;ghf Ngzp tug;gLfpd;w Nkyjpf fzf;fpy; (gP gbtj;jpy) ; Fwpj;Jf; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. 3:7 cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUth; kUj;Jtkidapy; jq;fpapUf;fpd;w fhyk; 4 thuq;fis tpQ;Rkhapd;> kUj;Jtkid mjpfhupfs; me;ehd;F thu fhyg; gFjpf;F
281

mj;jpahak; XXVI

,ilf;fhyg; gw;Wr;rl P ;nlhd;wpid jpizf;fsj; jiytUf;Nfh my;yJ mjd; gpuhe;jpa jiytUf;Nfh rkh;gg ; pj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. ,ilf;fhyg; gw;Wr;rl P L ; f;fs; fpilf;fg;ngw;wTld; mt;ntht;nthU gw;Wr;rl P b ; Yk; Fwpf;fg;gl;Ls;s nkhj;jj; njhifia 3:4 Kjy; 3:6 tiuapyhd cg gpupTfspy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sthW nrYj;jp (xU jtizf;fhd gzk; &.25 ,w;Ff; FiwahjthW) nghUj;jkhd jtizfspy; mwtpl;Lf; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. ,Wjpg; gw;Wr;rl P L ; fpilf;Fk; tiu mt;thW njhlu;rr ; pahf mt;twtPL Nkw;nfhs;sg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. ,Wjpg; gw;Wr;rl P L ; fpilj;jTld; Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;juplkpUe;J mwtplg;gl Ntz;ba nkhj;jj; njhifia ,ilf;fhyg; gw;Wr;rl P L ; f;fSf;fhf gzk; Fiwj;Jf; nfhs;sg;gl;l jtizfs;; cs;spl;l nkhj;jj; jtizfspd;; vz;zpf;if 18I tpQ;rhjthW nghUj;jkhd jtizg; gzkhf mwtPL nra;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 3:8 kUj;Jtkidg; gw;Wr; rPlL ; f;fSf;fhf fopf;fg;gl Ntz;ba njhif njhlu;r;rpahf fopf;fg;gLtij cWjpg;gLj;jpf; nfhs;Sk; nghUl;L> nrayhsupd; tpNrl mDkjpapd;wp> foptPL gw;wpa kl;Lg;ghl;il kPWfpd;w vt;tpjkhd njhifapidAk; rk;gsg; gl;baypypUe;J fopg;gjw;F jpizf;fsj; jiytu; mDkjpaspf;ff; $lhJ. 3:9 cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUth; NtW jpizf;fsnkhd;wpw;F ,lkhw;wk; nra;ag;gLkplj;J> mtuplkpUe;J njhlu;eJ ; k; mwtplg;gl Ntz;ba kPjpj; njhif kw;Wk; mJ fopj;Jf;; nfhs;sg;gl Ntz;bAs;s jtizfspd; vz;zpf;if vd;gtw;wpid mtu; ,lkhw;wk; ngw;Wr; nry;Yk; Gjpa mYtyfj;jpw;F mwptpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. mg;NghJ mg;Gjpa mYtyfk; mj;njhifapid KOikahfr; nrYj;jpj; jPug ; g ; jw;fhd fhNrhiynahd;iw Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;ju; Kd;du; gzpahw;wpa mYtyfj;jpw;F mDg;gp> mj;njhifapid KOikahf kPs mwtpl;Lf; nfhs;Sk; tiu mtuplkpUe;J njhlu;rr ; pahf Fwpj;j njhifapid mwtPL nra;jy; Ntz;Lk;. fzf;F itf;fg;gl Ntz;baJ 3:4 Kjy; 3:6 tiuapyhd cg gpupTfspy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sthwhFk;. 3:10 cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; Xa;T ngw;why; my;yJ gjtpePff ; k; nra;ag;gl;lhy; my;yJ kuzpj;jhy; mt;Tj;jpNahfj;juplkpUe;J kUj;Jtkidf; fl;lzkhf mwtplg;gl Ntz;ba njhif xd;wpUg;gpd; mjid mtUf;Fr; nrYj;j Ntz;bAs;s ,Wjpr; rk;gsj;jpypUe;J my;yJ Xa;T+jpar; rk;gsj;jpypUe;J my;yJ gzpf;nfhilapypUe;J my;yJ Copau; Nrkyhg epjpapypUe;J my;yJ mtUf;F fpilf;f Ntz;bAs;s NtW ahNjDnkhU njhifapypUe;J fopj;Jf; nfhs;tjw;F cldbahf eltbf;if vLj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. Fiwj;Jf; nfhs;s Ntz;bAs;s njhifahdJ> cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F fpilf;f Ntz;bAs;s njhifapYk; ghu;ff ; $LjyhfTs;s re;jh;gg ; q;fspy; mJ njhlu;ghf jpiwNrupapd; (epjpg; gpuptpd;) MNyhridapidg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;.

4.

kUj;Jt gupNrhjid

4:1 jdJ gjtpapy; my;yJ khw;Wtjw;F cj;Njrpf;fg;gl;Ls;s xU gjtpapy; flikahw;Wtjw;fhf cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; nghUj;jkhd clw;wifikapidf; nfhz;Ls;shuh vd;gjid mwpe;J nfhs;Sk; nghUl;L> mtUf;fhf mq;ff P hpf;fg;gl;l kUj;Jtu; xUthpdhy; my;yJ Kiwahf mikf;fg;gl;l kUj;Jt rignahd;wpdhy; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;Lk; gupNrhjidnahd;wpw;F M[uhFkhW ve;jnthU re;ju;gg ; j;jpYk; fl;lisapl chpa mjpfhuk; ngw;w cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F f (Xa;T+jpa rl;l tpjpf;Nfhitiag; ghu;f;fTk;) KbAk;. mNj Nghd;W mj;jifa gupNrhjidnahd;iw elhj;JkhW cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; NfhUkplj;J chpa mjpfhuk; ngw;w cj;jpNahfj;ju; mjid Nkw;nfhs;s eltbf;if vLj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 4:2 ,g;gzpf;fhf nghJ 142 Mk; gbtj;jpy; jahupf;fg;gl;l tpz;zg;gg; gbtk; xd;wpid Rfhjhu Nritfs; gzpg;ghsu; ehafj;jplk; rku;gg ; pj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.
282

mj;jpahak; XXVI

4:3 gupNrhjidia Nkw;nfhs;tjw;F epakpf;fg;gLfpd;w egUf;F my;yJ egu;fSf;F mjw;fhd MNyhridfisg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;Sk; nghUl;L jw;WzpGf;fika epGzu; xUtiu tutioj;Jf; nfhs;s mjpfhuk; cz;L. 4:4 gupNrhjid mwpf;ifapid cupathW jpizf;fsj; jiytUf;Nfh my;yJ cupa kw;iwa mjpfhupf;Nfh mDg;gp itj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. ,jpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s vjidAk; cj;Njr cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F Neubahf mwptpf;f $lhJ. 4:5 vt;thwhapDk; jpizf;fsj; jiytu; my;yJ cupa kw;iwa mjpfhup kUj;Jt mwpf;ifiaf; fUj;jpnyLj;J vLf;fg;gl;l jPuk ; hdk; gw;wp Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F tpiuthf mwptpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. cj;jpNahfj;ju; mj;ju P k ; hdk; njhlh;ghf jpUg;jpailahjtplj;J mjw;nfjpuhf fUj;Jj; njhptpf;f mtUf;F mtfhrKz;L. mj;jifa re;ju;gg ; j;jpy; NkYk; kUj;Jt rhl;rpfisg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lkh vd;gJ gw;wp jpizf;fsj; jiytu; my;yJ kw;iwa mjpfhup jw;WzpGf;Nfw;g jPuk ; hdpf;f KbAk;.

5.

kUj;Jt gupNrhjidfS gupNrhjidfSf; zqf ; is mwtply;. fSf;fhd fl;lzq;

5:1 ,g;gupNrhjidf;fhd fl;lzj;ij murhq;fk; nrYj;jf; $lhnjd gpuj;jpNaf xOq;F tpjpfs; my;yJ eilKiwfs; fhzg;gl;lhNyNaad;wp> miof;fg;gl;l vtNuDnkhU kUj;Jt epGzupd; fl;lznkhd;W cs;spl;l gupNrhjid njhlu;ghd rfy fl;lzq;fSk; murhq;fj;jpdhy; nrYj;jg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. 5:2 Kjy; epakdj;jpd; NghJ jLg;G kUe;J Vw;wg;gLtjw;F my;yJ Crp kUe;J Vw;wg;gLtjw;nfdtpUf;fpd;w my;yJ gpuj;jpNaf cj;juT gpwg;gpf;fg;;gl;l cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtuplkpUe;J mjw;fhd fl;lzk; mwtplg;gLtjpy;iy. 5:3 mtjhdpg;G kw;Wk; Nkyjpf gupNrhjidf;fhf kUj;Jtkidnahd;wpw;F mDkjpf;fg;gLtjw;F kUj;Jt rignahd;wpdhy; cj;jutplg;gLfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtuplkpUe;J mwtplg;gl Ntz;bait (tpNrl cjtpahsh;; rk;gsk; mlq;fyhd) Nkyjpf czT ghdq;fis toq;Ftjw;fhd nrytpdk;> tprhuizf;Fj; Njitg;glhj NghjpYk; Nehahspapd; Ntz;LNfhspd; gpufhuk; my;yJ mtUf;F kUj;Jt guhkhpg;Gr; nra;fpd;w kUj;JtnuhUtupd; MNyhridapd; gpufhuk; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLfpd;w rj;jpu rpfpr;ir my;yJ gupNrhjidf;fhd fl;lzk; vd;gd khj;jpuNkahFk;. 5:4 kUj;Jt gupNrhjid ,lk;ngWtJ my;yJ kUj;Jtrig epakpf;fg;gLtJ murhq;ff; fl;lisapd; gpufhukhapd;> mk;kUj;Jt gupNrhjidf;F my;yJ kUj;Jt rigf;Fr; nry;tjw;fhf cj;jpNahfj;ju; xUtu; Nkw;nfhs;fpd;w gpuahzr; nrytpid mtu; flikf;Fr; nrd;w fhyj;jpw;Fg; Nghy; jpizf;fsj;jpd; gpuahzr; nryT epjp xJf;fL P fspypUe;J nrYj;Jjy; Ntz;Lk;. gupNrhjid elhj;jg;gLtJ my;yJ kUj;Jt rig epakpf;fg;gLtJ cj;jpNahfj;jupd; Ntz;Lf;Nfhspd; gpufhukhapd;> mt;thwhd vt;tpj nrytpdj;ijAk; nrYj;jyhfhJ.

283

mj;jpahak; XXVII
njhlh;gpizg;G top
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. mikr;rh; rl;lkh mjpgh; nrayhsh; jpizf;fsj; jiyth; murhq;f mjpgh;

284

mj;jpahak; XXVII
njhlh;gpizg;G top
1. mikr;rh; h; 1:1 mikr;rnuhUth; Vida njhlh;Gfis itj;Jf;nfhs;th;. 2. rl;lkh mjpgh; rl;lkh mjpgh; Neubahf rdhjpgjp> gpujk mikr;rh;> mikr;rh;fs; vd;NghUld; fbjj; njhlh;Gfis itj;jpUg;ghh;. 3. nrayhsh; 3:1 mikr;R xt;nthd;wpdJk; nrayhsh; mikr;rupd; nghJg; gzpg;Giuf;Fk; fl;Lg;ghl;Lf;Fk; mikthfj; jdJ mikr;rpd; fPo; tifg;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;s murhq;fj; jpizf;fsq;fspd; ebtbf;iffis Nkw;ghh;it nra;thh;. ; 3:2 murhq;fj;jpd; nfhs;iffis mikr;rh; nrayhsUf;Fj; njuptpg;ghnud;gNjhL jdJ mikr;rpd; fPOs;s jpizf;fsj; murhq;ff; nfhs;iffisr; nray;gLj;Jjy; nrayhshpd; nghWg;ghFk;. 3:3 jpizf;fsnkhd;wpw;Fhpj;jhd mikr;ruitj; jPhk ; hdq;fis mikr;rpd; nrayhsh; mj;jpizf;fsj;Jf;F mwptpg;ghh;. ,j;jh P k ; hdq;fs; nray;gLj;jg;gLfpd;wikf;Fg; nghWg;ghapUj;jy; nrayhsUf;Fhpa gzpahFk;. 3:4 nrayhsh; jpizf;fsnkhd;wpd;; Nfhg;gpy; mikr;rupd; ftdj;Jf;nfd Fwpg;ngOJthuhfpy; mikr;rh; jdJ fUj;Jf;fisAk; ghpe;JiufisAk; mf;Nfhg;gpy; vOj Ntz;Lk;. nrayhsh; Njitnadf; fUJkplj;J> jdJ mYtyfj;jpy; mikr;rUf;Ff; Fwpg;ngOjp rkh;gg ; pg;gjw;nfd jdpahd Nfhg;nghd;iw itj;jpUf;fyhk;. 3:5 nrayhsnuhUth; jdJ Nkw;ghh;itapd; fPOs;s jpizf;fsnkhd;wpw;Fhpa vy;yhj; jhgd tplaq;fSf;Fk; nghJthfg; nghWg;Gf; $Wjy; Ntz;Lk;. xOq;F tpjpfshNyh my;yJ nghJ epUthf mikr;rpd; nrayhsupdhNyh my;yJ jhgdg; gzpg;ghshpdhNyh nrayhsUf;Ff; Fwpg;ghf my;yJ nghJthff; ifaspf;fg;gl;Ls;s jhgd tplaq;fs; njhlh;ghd gzpfis mth; Mw;Wjy; Ntz;Lk;. 3:6 ,j;jhgdtpjpf; Nfhit %yNkh my;yJ NtW xOq;F tpjpfs; %yNkh jhgd tplaq;fs; njhlh;ghd mjpfhuq;fs; jpizf;fsj; jiytnuhUtUf;F ifaspf;fg;gl;Ls;stplj;J> jdJ jpizf;fsq;fs; mt;nthOq;Ftpjpfis Kiwahfg; gpd;gw;Wfpd;wdntd jpizf;fs tplaj;jpw;Fhpa jdJ Nkw;ghh;itia nray;gLj;Jifapy; nrayhsH nghWg;Gf; $Wjy; Ntz;Lk;. 3:7 jhgdtpjpf; Nfhitapd; XLVIII Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; Vw;ghLfSf;fikthf nrayhsh; murhq;f Nrit Mizf;FOTld; njhlh;Gfis Nkw;nfhs;thh;.
285

mikr;rnuhUtNuhL

Neubahff;

fbjj;

rghehafh;

kw;Wk;

mj;jpahak; XXVII

3:8 jdJ mikr;irg; ghjpf;fpd;w Kf;fpa tplaq;fs; vy;yhtw;iwAk; xU nrayhsh; jhNd Nehpy; nray;gLj;Jjy; Ntz;Lk;. NtW mikr;Rf;fNshL njhlh;Gila nghpastpyhd tfpghfnkhd;W ,k;Kf;fpa tplaq;fspy; mlq;Fk;. vdpDk;> Nkyjpfr; nrayhsnuhUthpd; my;yJ rpNul;l cjtpr; nrayhsnuhUthpd; tpidj;jpwidAk; mDgtj;ijAk; fUj;jpnyLj;J> mthpd; jFjpf;Nfw;g mtuhy; Mw;wg;gl Kbe;j tplaq;fisf; fUj;jpnyLj;J mtw;iwf; ifahs;tjw;fhd mjpfhuj;ij mtUf;Ff; ifaspf;f nrayhsUf;F KbAk;. ,t;thW ifaspf;fg;g ; Lfpd;w tplaq;fSk; ifaspg;gpd; kl;Lg;ghLfSk; njspthfTk; Fwpg;ghfTk; tpjpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. ,j;jifa mjpfhuf; ifaspg;G gpw mikr;Rf;fSlDk; jpizf;fsq;fSlDkhd eltbf;iffis Kiwahf Nkw;nfhs;s vt;tpj jlq;fiyAk; Vw;gLj;jhnjd nrayhsnuhUth; cwjpg;gLj;jpf; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. MapDk;> mj;jifa mjpfhuf; ifaspg;G fhuzkhf jdJ fl;Lg;ghl;Lf;Fs; tUfpd;w midj;J eltbf;iffs; njhlh;ghfTk; jdf;Fs;s rhjhuz nghWg;gpypUe;J nrayhsh; tpLgl khl;lhh;. mNj Nghd;W> mj;jifa mjpfhuf; ifaspg;Gf;fhf jdf;Fs;s mjpfhuj;ijg; gpioahfg; gad;gLj;jpdhy; mJ gw;wpAk; mth; nghWg;Gf; $Wjy; Ntz;Lk;. 3:9 mikr;rnuhUth; my;yJ nrayhsnuhUth; NtW mikr;rnuhUthpd; rhjhuz fl;Lg;ghl;bd; fPOs;s jpizf;fsnkhd;Wld; fbjj; njhlh;gpidg; Ngz Ntz;ba rhjhuz eilKiw ahnjdpy;> chpa mikr;rUf;F my;yJ nrayhsUf;F vOjpaDg;GtNj xopa Neubahf jpizf;fsj; jiytUf;Nfh my;yJ NtW cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtUf;Nfh vOjpaDg;Gtjy;y. 3:10 vdpDk;> jdJ mikr;rhpd; nghWg;gpYs;s tplaq;fs; kw;Wk; eltbf;iffs; njhlh;ghf nrayhsnuhUtUf;F ve;jNthh; murhq;f mjpgNuhLk; my;yJ mt;tplaq;fs; kw;Wk; eltbf;iffs; njhlh;ghf nrayhw;Wfpd;w ve;jnthU jpizf;fsj; jiytnuhUtNuhLk; Neubahff; fbjj; njhlh;gpid Nkw;nfhs;sTk; mJ njhlh;ghf mthpd; Nritia ngw;Wf; nfhs;sTk; KbAk;. mikr;rnuhUthpd; fl;Lg;ghl;bd; fPOs;s jpizf;fsj; jiytnuhUth; NtNwhh; mikr;rUf;Ff; Fwpj;njhJf;fg;gl;Ls;s tplaq;fs; my;yJ eltbf;iffs; njhlh;ghfTk; nrayhw;Wfpd;w NghJ> mt;tplaq;fs; kw;Wk; eltbf;iffs; vd;gtw;wpw;Fg; nghWg;ghd mikr;rpd; nrayhsNuhL Neubahf fbjj; njhlh;Gfis itj;Jf; nfhs;sy; xOq;F my;yJ NtW tifapN;yh Fwpg;ghfj; jil nra;ag;glhtpbd; mt;thW fbjj; njhlh;ig Nkw;nfhs;s jpizf;fsj; jiytUf;F KbAk;. 4. jpizf;fsj; jiyth; 4:1 murhq;ff; nfhs;iffisAk; mikr;rupd; gzpg;GiufisAk; nrayhsH jpizf;fsj;jiytUf;F mwptpjj ; Tld; mtw;iwr; nray;gLj;JtJ njhlHghf jpizf;fsj; jiytH; nghWg;ghjy; Ntz;Lk;. 4:2 mikr;rhpd; ftdj;jpw;Ff; nfhz;L tug;gl Ntz;ba gpur;rpidnahd;W vOfpd;w NghJ my;yJ nrayhshpdhy; jd;dplk; Mw;Wg;gLj;jg;gLfpd;w gpur;rpidnahd;W ; njhlh;ghf mwpTWj;Jfpd;w NghJ jpizf;fsj; jiytnuhUth; mg;gpur;rpidNahL njhlh;Gila Kf;fpa tplaq;fs;> jPhf ; f ; g;gl Ntz;ba rpf;fy;fs; kw;Wk; mJ njhlh;ghf vLf;f Kbe;j khw;W topj; jPhT ; fs; vd;gtw;iwAk; Fwpj;Jf; fhl;b jdJ ghpe;Jiufs; mlq;fpa vOj;J %y mwpf;ifnahd;iwj; jahhpj;J nrayhsUf;F mDg;gp itj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 4:3 mtNu jdJ jpizf;fsj;jpd; epUthfk; njhlh;ghf nrayhsUf;Fg; nghWg;Gf; $Wjy; Ntz;Lk;. jhgdtpjpf;NfhitapYk; epjpg;gpukhzq;fspYk; Fwpg;ghf NtW vOj;jpyhd rl;ltpjpfs; my;yJ xOq;F tpjpfs; my;yJ
286

mj;jpahak; XXVII

fl;lisfs; %yKk; jdf;Ff; ifaspf;fg;gLfpd;w mYty;fis mth; tpNrlkhf Mw;Wjy; Ntz;Lk;. jpizf;fsj;jpd nghWg;ghapUg;ghh;. njhopEl;gf; flikfis Mw;Wtjw;Fk;; ,tNu

nrayhsupdhy; jdf;F mwptpf;fg;gLfpd;w mikr;rupd; gzpg;Giufisr; nraw;gLj;JtJk; ,thpd; gzpahFk;. jdJ jpizf;fsj;jhy; nray;gLj;jg;gLfpd;w tplaq;fs;> eltbf;iffs; njhlh;ghf gpw mikr;Rf;fSf;Fk; jpizf;fsq;fSf;Fk; KbAkhd vy;yh tpjj;jpYk; cjtp nra;tJk; ,tuJ flikahFk;. 4:4 mikr;rnuhUtupd; rhjhuz fl;Lg;ghl;bd; fPOs;s jpizf;fsnkhd;wpd; jiytnuhUth; Kd;G jPhk ; hdpf;fg;glhj nfhs;if hPjpahd gpur;ridnahd;Wf;F toptFf;ff; $ba my;yJ nghJkf;fspilNa fUj;J Nkhjnyhd;iw Vw;gLj;jf; fhuzkhff; $ba VNjDnkhU epUthf nraw;ghl;il my;yJ jFe;jgbahd mq;ff P huk; mspf;fg;glhj kpfTk; Kf;fpakhd eltbf;if xd;iw vLg;gjw;FKd; ,t;tplaj;ijr; nrayhsUf;F mwptpf;f Ntz;Lk;. 4:5 jdJ nrayhsh; NtW tpjj;jpy; gzpg;Giunahd;iw tpLj;jpUe;jhyd;wp> jpizf;fsnkhd;wpd; jiytnuhUth; NtnwhU jpizf;fsnkhd;wpd; eltbf;iffisAk; ghjpf;fj;jf;f VNjDnkhU nraw;ghl;il Nkw;nfhs;s Kd;dh;> mr;nraw;ghl;lhy; ghjpg;G Vw;glty;y jpizf;fsj;jpd; jiythplKk; mJ gw;wp crhTjy; Ntz;Lk;. 4:6 jpizf;fsj; jiytnuhUtUf;Fk; nrayhsUf;Fkpilapyhd njhlh;Gfs; $batiu Fwpg;G Kiw tbtj;jpy; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. jpizf;fsj; jiytnuhUth; nrayhsh;fSf;Ff; fbjq;fs; vOJtijj; jtph;jJ ; f; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. ,f;Fwpg;Gf;fis cs;slf;fpa Mtzq;fis $batiu chpa jpizf;fsf; Nfhg;Gfspy; Nfhg;gpl;L itj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. vdpDk; jpizf;fs vOj;Jf; Nfhg;nghd;wpy; Nfhg;gpl;L itf;fg; nghUj;jkw;w Mtzq;fisf; Nfhg;gpLtjw;F topnra;Ak; nghUl;L jdpahd Nfhg;nghd;iwg; Ngz nrayhsUf;F KbAk;. 4:7 jj;jk; jpizf;fsq;fshy; epUtfpf;fg;gLfpd;w tplaq;fs; my;yJ eltbf;iffs;; njhlh;ghfj; jpizf;fsj; jiyth;fs; Neubahf xUtUf;nfhUth; fbjj; njhlh;gpid itj;Jf; nfhs;syhk;. VNjDnkhU jpizf;fsj;jpd; jiythpd; MNyhridnahd;iw NtnwhU jpizf;fsj; jiytUf;Fk; Mw;Wg;gLj;j Ntz;b cs;s NghJ chpa nrayhsUf;F rkh;gg ; pg;gjw;F Kd;dh;> mt;thNyhrid njhlh;ghf mj;jpizf;fsj; jiytUld; tptukhff; fye;Jiuahl Ntz;baNjhL> mt;thW fye;Jiuahlg;gl;lnjd njhlh;Gf; fbjq;fspy; njspthff; Fwpg;gplTk; Ntz;Lk;. 4:8 mikr;rnuhUtUf;Fk;> mthpd; gpujp mikr;rUf;Fk; mikr;nrhd;wpd; nrayhsUf;Fk; jkJ fl;Lg;ghl;bd; fPo; ,aq;Ffpd;w mikr;Rf;Fhpa ve;jnthU jpizf;fsj;jpdJk; my;yJ mt;tikr;rUf;Ff; ifaspf;fg;gl;Ls;s tplag; gug;Gf;fs; my;yJ eltbf;iffs; NtnwhU jpizf;fsj;jpdhy; epUtfpf;fg;gLfpd;w re;jh;gg ; q;fspy; mj;jpizf;fsj;jpy; itf;fg;gl;Ls;s ve;jNthh; mYtyf Mtznkhd;iw my;yJ vOj;Jf; Nfhg;nghd;iw ghh;itapl chpj;Jz;L. 5. murhq;f mjpgh; 5:1 murhq;f mjpgNu chpa khtl;lj;jpYs;s murhq;fj;jpd; gpujpepjpahthh;. cs;ehl;lYty;fs; mikr;rpd; nrayhsUf;Fg; nghWg;Gf; $w Ntz;ba mth;> mr; nrayhshpd; topfhl;ly; kw;Wk; fl;Lg;ghl;bd; fPo; nrayhw;Wthh;. NkYk; khtl;l mikr;rpd; nrayhsuhd mth;> mk; khtl;lj;jpd; khtl;l mgptpUj;jpr; rigapd; nrayhsUkhthh;.
287

mj;jpahak; XXVII

5:2 cs;ehl;lYty;fsikr;rpd; nrayhsiu crhtp NtW mikr;nrhd;wpdhy; ifaspf;fg;gLfpd;w eltbf;iffs; njhlh;ghf mt;tikr;rpd; KftuhfTk; murhq;f mjpgh; nrayhw;Wthh;. 5:3 jdJ khtl;lj;jpw;Fs; ,izg;gJ ,thpd; nghWg;ghFk;. murhq;fj;jpd; midj;J eltbf;iffisAk;

5:4 mikr;nrhd;wpw;F ifaspf;fg;gl;Ls;s tplaq;fs; kw;Wk; eltbf;iffs; njhlh;ghf mt;tikr;rpd; nrayhsNuhL NeubahfNth my;yJ chpa jpizf;fsj; jiyt&lhfNth fbjj; njhlh;Gfis Nkw;nfhs;s murhq;f mjpgUf;F KbAk;.

288

mj;jpahak; XXVIII
epUthf eilKiwfSk; eilKiwfSk; nray;KiwfSk;
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. nghJthdit ng hJthdit mYtyf Kiwahd Rw;wha;Tfs; flik hPjpahd fbjj; njhlu;G flik hPjpahd fbjq;fspdJk; mYtyf hPjpahd Mtzq;fspdJk; gpujpfis vLj;jYk; tpepNahfpj;jYk; murhq;f cj;jpNah pNahfj;jh;fs; Kd;itf;fpd;w tpsk;gy;fs; nghJk my;yJ nghJkfd; fd; jdJ jdpg; ; l;l jdpgg Kiwg;ghLfs; mwpf;iffs; ehNsLfSk;> kPsha;TfSk; mYtyfuPjpahd Mtzq;fspd; fl;Lf;fhg;Gk;> ghJfhg;Gk; mopg;Gk; cj;jpNahfj;jh;fspdJk; Kfthpfs; itgtuPjpahd tpohf;fs; khfhzq;fSk; khtl;lq;fSk; Neha;fs; gw;wp wp mwptpj;jy; neUq;fpa cwtpdh;fspdJk; murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUth; jifikapy; Kd;itf;fpd;w

7. 8. 9. 10. 10. 11. 11. 12. 12. 13. 13.

289

mj;jpahak; XXVIII
epUthf eilKiwfSk; eilKiwfSk; nray;KiwfSk;
1. nghJthdit
1:1 NtW tpjj;jpy; Vw;ghL nra;ag;gl;Ls;s re;jh;gg ; q;fspy; jtpu> murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jh;fs;; vy;yh Ntiyehl;fspYk; mYtyfq;fspy; flikGupa Ntz;ba Neuk; Kw;gfy; 8.30 kzp njhlf;fk; gpw;gfy; 4.15 kzp tiuahFk;. murhq;f mYtyfq;fs; ahTk; gzf; nfhLf;fy; thq;fy;fSf;nfd vy;yh Ntiyehl;fspYk; gpw;gfy; 3.00 kzp tiuAk; jpwe;jpUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 1:2 nghJthd mYtyf Neuq;fs; Nkw;Fwpj;jthwhapDk; $l me;Neuq;fs; jtpu;ej ; Neuq;fspy; jdJ cg epiy cj;jpNahfj;jh;fspd; Nritfs; mtrpag;gLkplj;J mth;fspd; Nritia mt;thW ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;F jpizf;fsj; jiytnuhUtUf;F jilnahd;W fpilahJ. 1:3 mYtyfk; xt;nthd;wpYk; tuTg; gjpNtnlhd;W Ngzg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. ,jpy; jpizf;fsj;jpd; xt;nthU cj;jpNahfj;jUk; cs;tUk; NeuKk; ntspr; nry;Yk; NeuKk; mtuth; ifnahg;gj;NjhL vOjg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. ,g;Gj;jfk; rhpghh;f;fg;gLtjw;fhf gjtpepiy cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtUf;Fj; njhlu;r;rpahfr; rku;g;gpf;fg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. 1:3:1 cj;jpNahfj;jh;fspd; ngau;fis xU Fwpg;gpl;l fpuk Kiwg;gb Kjypy; Fwpj;J tpl;L chpa cj;jpNahfj;jh; jhd; cs;tUk; kw;Wk; ntspr;nry;Yk; Neuq;fisg; gjpT nra;J jj;jk; ngaUf;F vjpNu ifnahg;gkpLk; Kiwapy; ,g;gjpNtL Ngzg;glf; $lhJ. 1:4 nrayhsupd; mDkjp rfpjNk xopa murhq;f mYtyfnkhd;W vJTk; nghJ tpLKiw ehl;fs; jtpu;ej ; NtW ve;j ehspYk; %lg;glf;$lhJ. 1:5 tu;jj ; khdpapy; gpuRupf;fg;gLtnjd;gJ> mt;thW gpuRhpf;fg;gl;l tplaq;fs; njhlh;ghf murhq;fj;jpd; ve;jnthU jpizf;fsj;jpw;Fk; cj;jpNahfj;jUf;Fk; tpLf;fg;gLfpd;w xU Nghjpa mwptpj;jyhFk;. tu;jj ; khdpapy; gpuRupf;fg;gLfpd;w jpUj;jq;fSk;; mwpTWj;jy;fSk; Kiwahff; Fwpf;fg;gl;L nray;gLj;jg;gLfpd;wikf;Fg; nghWg;ghapUf;Fk; gzp cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtUf;Ff; Fwpj;njhJf;fg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. tpNrl mwpTWj;jy;fs; fpilf;fg; ngwtpy;iynad;w tplak; ftdaPdj;jpw;fhd kd;dpg;ghff; nfhs;sg;glkhl;lhJ. 1:6 gzpahw;nwhFjp cWg;gpdu;fsplkpUe;J Nju;jy;fspd; NghJ MjuT jpul;Lk; my;yJ xg;gg;gzk; jpul;Lk; my;yJ gzk; Nrfupf;Fk; Nehf;fj;Jf;fhf tUk; nghJkf;fSs; vtiuAk; jpizf;fsj; jiytu;; mYtyfj;jpwF ; s; gpuNtrpf;f mDkjpj;jy; MfhJ. 1:7 mYtyf Mtzq;fspy; gr;ir th;z ik %yk; my;yJ gr;irepw ngd;rpy; %yk; vOJtjw;F ,lkspf;f Ntz;baJ fzf;fha;T cj;jpNahfj;ju;fSf;F khj;jpuNkahFk;. Ntnwe;j cj;jpNahfj;jUk; mq;qdk; nra;jy; MfhJ. 1:8 xt;Nthh; Mz;Lk; rdtup khjk; 15k; jpfjpf;F Kd;du; xt;Nthh; cj;jpNahj;jUk; nghJ 176 Mk; gbtj;jpy; xU ntspg;gLj;Jifia toq;Fjy;; Ntz;Lk;.

290

mj;jpahak; XXVIII

1:9 toikahfg; gad;gLj;jg;gLfpd;w gbtq;fspy; MnshUthpd; egupd; ,dk; Fwpj;j jftiyg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;F murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtUf;F mDkjp fpilahJ.

2. mYtyf Kiwapyhd Rw;wha;Tfs;


2:1 flik eltbf;iffSf;fhf xU jpizf;fsj; jiytu; jdJ jiyikafj;ij tplL ; r; nry;y Kd;dH> mtrpag;gLkplj;J me;juq;fkhfj; jhd; Gwg;glTs;s jpfjpiaAk; jhd; nry;y vz;zpAs;s ,lq;fspd; tpguq;fisAk; chpa mikr;rpd; nrayhsUf;F mwptpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 2:2 me;juq;fkhd re;ju;gg ; q;fs; jtpu;ej ; Vida re;ju;gg ; q;fspy; jpizf;fsj; jiytnuhUtUk; ghpNrhjid cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtUk; xOf;frPyj;Jf;fhf mk;khtl;lj;jpd; murhq;f mjpgUf;F jhk; jpl;lkplL ; s;s tUif gw;wp mwptpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.

3. flik hPjpahd fbjj; njhlu;G


3:1 flik hPjpahd fbjj; filg;gpbf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;:(m) (M) (,) (<) (c) njhlu;Gfs; midj;jpYk; gpd;tUk; tpjpfs;

$batiu xU fbjk; xU tplaj;jpw;F khj;jpuk; kl;Lg;gLj;jg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. xt;nthU fbjj;jpdJk; ,yf;fKk; jpfjpAk; mf;fbjj;jpd; tyJgf;f Nky; %iyapy; ,lg;gly; Ntz;Lk;@ fbjnkhd;wpy; jpfjp ,lg;gl Ntz;baJ> cj;jpNahfj;jh; VNjDNkhh; ,lj;jpy; ,Ue;J nfhz;L mjpy; ifnahg;gkpLk; re;jh;gg ; j;jpyhFk;. fbjj;jpd; %yk; ntspg;gLj;jg;gLk; RUf;fkhff; fhl;lg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. tplak; mjd; jiyg;ghf

nghJ kf;fSldhd fbjj; njhlu;Gfspy; tpspg;G gpd;tUk; tpjj;jpy; mika Ntz;Lk;.

Iah> . ,g;gbf;F> cq;fs; cz;ikAs;s> .. (C) ghuhSkd;w cWg;gpdnuhUtuhy; gjtp top uPjpahfNth my;yJ jdpg;gl;l uPjpapNyh> Neubahf cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtUf;F mDg;gg;gLfpd;w fbjj;jpw;F mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jhpdhy; gjpy; mDg;gg;glyhk;@ Ke;jpa fbjj; njhlu;G Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;l tplankhd;Wld; rk;ge;jg;gl;l fbjnkhd;iw mDg;Gfpd;w NghJ Kd;ida fbjj; njhlu;ig Fwpg;gply; Ntz;Lk;@ ge;jpfs; ,yf;fkplg;gly; Ntz;Lk;@ gpujp xd;iw mDg;gp itj;jy; Njitiag; G+u;jj ; p nra;Akhapd; gpd;dpizg;nghd;whf Mtzj;jpd; %yg;gpujpia mDg;gf;$lhJ@
291

(v)

(V) (I)

mj;jpahak; XXVIII

(x) (X)

gpd;dpizg;nghd;w> mJ mDg;gp ghJfhg;ghf ,izj;jy; Ntz;Lk;@

itf;fg;gLfpd;w

fbjj;NjhL

xd;Wf;nfhd;W NtWgl;l tplaq;fs; njhlu;gpy; gy fbjq;fs; xNu ciwAs; itj;J mDg;gg;gLfpd;w NghJ> mit ahtw;iwAk; xd;whf ,izf;ff; $lhJ@ ifnahg;gkpLgtupd; ngau; ifnahg;gj;jpw;Ff; ngaUf;F NkyhfTk; vOjg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. fPohfTk; gjtpg;

(xs)

3:2 flik hPjpahd vy;yhf; fbjj; njhlu;GfSk; chpa tplaj;NjhL rk;ge;jg;gl;litahfTk;> tpdakhfTk; njspthd fUj;J ntspg;ghl;LlDk; mikjy; Ntz;Lk;. 3:3 Kf;fpakhd tplaq;fs; njhlh;ghf jpizf;fsj; jiytnuhUth; mDg;Gfpd;w vy;yhf; fbjq;fspYk; mtH; ifnahg;gkpl;L mDg;Gjy; Ntz;Lk;. ,t;thW nra;a Kbahkw; Nghfpd;wtplj;J> xd;wpy; jpizf;fsj;jpd; jiythpdhy; mf;fbjj;jpd; efy; tiuag;gl;bUg;gpd; my;yJ mjpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s tplaq;fis mwptpf;FkhW tpN\lkhf gzpg;Giu toq;fg;gl;LkpUg;gpd;> mf;fbjj;jpy; ifnahg;gkplg;glTs;s ,lj;jpy; jpizf;fsj; jiythpd; ngaiuAk; ngaUf;nfjpNu xg;gk; vd;w nrhy;iyAk; ,l;L> mf;fbjj;jpy; ifnahg;gkpLfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jh; mjd; ,lg;gf;fj;jpy; jdJ ifnahg;gj;ijAk; gjtpg;ngaiuAk; ,ly; Ntz;Lk;. murhq;f mjpgnuhUth; mDg;Gfpd;w fbjnkhd;whapd; mJ Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl Ntz;ba Kiw tUkhW ,g;gbf;F cq;fs; fPo;gg ; bTs;s (xg;gk;): ,>< murhq;f mjpgu; ifnahg;gk;: KjnyOj;Jf;fSld; ngau;: .. mYtyf cjtpahsu;/epUthf mYtyu; Vida re;jh;gg ; q;fspy; ifnahg;gkpl Ntz;bath; fbjk; njhlh;ghf nghWg;Gf; $w Ntz;ba eguhthh;. ,tu; jpizf;fsj;jpd; jiytUf;Fg; gjpyhf ,t;thW ifnahg;gkply; Ntz;Lk;. .. ifnahg;gk; .. murhq;f mjpgUf;fhf Kjy; vOj;Jf;fSld; ngau; kw;Wk; gjtp jpizf;fsj; jiytnuhUtUf;Fg; gjpyhff; ifnahg;gkpLtjw;F mjpfhukspf;fg;gl;l cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtUf;F rpwpaitAk; tof;fkhf nra;ag;gLfpd;witAkhd Gwf; Fwpg;Gf;fs;> fbjq;fs;> epidT+l;ly; Fwpg;Gf;fs; vd;gtw;wpy; ifnahg;gkpLtjw;Fg; gjpyhf jdJ gjtp Kj;jpiuia ,lyhk;.

292

mj;jpahak; XXVIII

3:3:1 gjpyhs; ifnahg;gj;Jld; fbjnkhd;W gpd;tUk; elgbKiw gpd;gw;wg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. (i)

mDg;gg;glNtz;bapUg;gpd;

jj;jk; fl;lisfis / mwptpj;jy;fis gjpyhs; ifnahg;gj;Jld; tpepNahfpf;f KbAkhdth;fs; ,th;fNs vdf; fhl;Lfpd;w gjtpg; ngah;g; gl;banyhd;iw xt;Nthh; mikr;rpdJk; nrayhsh;/jpizf;fsj; jiyth; jdJ cj;jpNahfj;jh;fSf;F tpepNahfpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. gjpyhs; ifnahg;gj;ij ,l Kbe;jth;fs; ,t;Tj;jpNahfj;jh;fs; khj;jpuNk vdf; fhl;Lfpd;w gjtpg; ngah;fspd; gl;banyhd;iw xt;Nthh; mikr;rpdJk; nrayhsh;/jpizf;fsj; jiyth; ntspapl Ntz;Lk;.

(ii)

(iii) gjpyhs; ifnahg;gj;jpdhy; mwptpf;fg;gLtJ mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jhpd; gzpg;Giu / mwptpj;jy; vd Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; ngaiuAk; gjtpg; ngaiuAk; mNj Nghd;W gjpyhs; ifnahg;gkpLfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; ngaiuAk; gjtpg; ngaiuAk; Nkw;Fwpj;j 3:3 Mk; cg ghptpy; Fwpg;gpl;Ls;sthW chpa ,lq;fspy; ,ly; Ntz;Lk;. 3:3:2 jdJ gzpg;Giunahd;iw / mwptpj;jnyhd;iw gjpyhs; ifnahg;g Kiwapy; mwptpg;gjw;F mtfhrkspj;Js;s cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUth;> mk;Kiwiag; gad;gLj;jpf; nfhs;s mq;ff P hukspf;f Ntz;baJ> mg;gzpg;Giu/ mwptpj;jy; Fwpg;ghdjhfTk; ,U nghUs; nfhz;l jd;ikaw;wjhfTk;> gjpyhs; xg;gkplg;gl;l fbjj;jpD}lhf mwptpf;fTs;s mNj tpjj;jpy; jd;dhy; vOj;J %yk; ntspg;gLj;jpapUe;jhy; khj;jpuNkahFk;. Kf;fpakhd mf;fbjk; ntWkNd Mk; my;yJ ,y;iy vd;w mHj;jj;jpy; jug;gLfpd;w xUgFjpahf ,y;yhjtplj;J> mtuhy; Fwpg;ghd fbj efnyhd;iw> mNj efiyg; Nghd;Nw gjpyhs; ifnahg;gj;jpy; mDg;Gtjw;fhf jahhpj;jspj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 3:4 NtNwhh; murhq;fj;Jld; my;yJ ,yq;ifapYs;s my;yJ ntspehl;bYs;s mt;turhq;fj;jpd; gpujpepjpfSld; my;yJ> ntspehl;bYs;s ,yq;if murhq;fj;jpd; gpujpepjpfSld;; fbjj; njhlu;Gfs; Ngzg;gl Ntz;baJ ntspehl;likr;rpd; nrayhs&lhfNth my;yJ mtupdhy; toq;fg;gLfpd;w topfhl;lYf;fpzq;fNth MFk;. 3:5 fbjnkhd;wpy; ifnahg;gkpLgtu; ahuhftpUg;gpDk;; jdJ mYtyfj;jpypUe;J mDg;gg;gLfpd;w xt;nthU fbjj;jpYk; cs;slf;fg;gl;Ls;s midj;J tplaq;fSf;Fk; jpizf;fsj; jiyth; ngWg;ghspahjy; Ntz;Lk;. 3:6 me;juq;ff; fbjq;fSk; Mtzq;fSk; fbj ciwnahd;wpy; ,lg;gl;L mf;fbj ciwia kw;nwhU fbj ciwf;Fs; ,ly; Ntz;Lk;. cs;Siwapy; ,ufrpakhdJ vd FwpaPbly; Ntz;Lk;. vdpDk; ntspAiwia mt;thW FwpaPblf; $lhJ. cs;Siwia ntspAiwia tpl rpwpjhf ,Uf;FkhW kbj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 3:6:1 ,ufrpakhdJ vd Fwpg;gplg;gl;L fpilf;fg;ngWfpd;w vy;yhf; fbjq;fSk; jpwf;fg;gl Ntz;baJ jpizf;fsj; jiythpdhNyh my;yJ mjw;nfd mtuhy; tpNrlkhf mjpfhuk; mspf;fg;gl;l gjtpepiy cj;jpNahfj;jH xUthpdhNyh MFk;. 3:6:2 mYtyfj;jpd; midj;J ,ufrpa eltbf;iffs; njhlh;ghf nray;gl vy;yh mYtyfq;fspYk; nghJthf Xu; mYtyu; tPjk; epakpf;fg;gl;bUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 3:6:3 me;juq;f Mtzq;fspy; mlq;fpAs;s tplaq;fis mtw;iw mwpe;J nfhs;s Ntz;bath;fs; jtph;ej ; NtnwtUf;Fk; mwpe;J nfhs;s Kbahnjd;gij cWjpg;gLj;Jtjpy; ftdk; nrYj;jg;gly; Ntz;Lk;.
293

mj;jpahak; XXVIII

3:6:4 jpwe;j Mtzq;fspy; nra;ag;gLjyhfhJ.

,ufrpaf;

fbjq;fs;

gw;wpa

Fwpg;gL P

vJTk;

3:7 ePjpkd;w Mtznkhd;W my;yJ cWjpnahd;W Nghd;w Vida Kf;fpa Mtzq;fis cs;slf;fpa midj;J nghjpfSk; jghypy; mDg;gg;gLkplj;J gjpT nra;ag;gl;L mDg;gg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 3:8 nghJkf;fsplkpUe;J my;yJ NtNwhH murhq;fj; jpizf;fsj;jplkpUe;J fpilf;fg; ngWfpd;w fbjq;fSf;F cldbahf gjpy; mDg;gg;gl Ntz;Lk;. fbjnkhd;W fpilf;fg;ngw;W xU thuhj;jpw;Fs; ,Wjpahd gjpiy mDg;gp itf;f Kbahjtplj;J ,ilf;fhyg; gjpy; xd;iw nghJg; gbtk; 108y; mDg;gp itj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. NkYk; jhkjk; Vw;gLtij jtph;ff ; r; nra;a Kbahtplj;J vd;d eltbf;if vLf;fg;gLfpd;wnjd;gijAk; ,Wjpahd gjpnyhd;iw vg;NghJ vjph;ghh;ff ; yhnkd;gijAk; Fwpg;gpl;L fhyj;Jf;Ff; fhyk; ,ilf;fhy gjpy;fs; mbf;fb mDg;gg;gl;L tuYk; Ntz;Lk;.

4. flik hPjpahd fbjq;fspdJk; fspdJk; mYtyf hPjpahd Mtzq;fspdJk; gpujpfis vLj;jYk; tpepNahfpjj ; Yk;. ;
4:1 jhd; rk;ge;jg;gl;l fbjnkhd;wpd; my;yJ mwpf;ifnahd;wpd; gpujpnahd;iw my;yJ NtNwJk; gpugy;ag;gLj;jg;glhj mYtyf Kiwahd Mtznkhd;wpd; gpujpnahd;iw jdJ gad;ghlbw;fhf vLg;gjpdpd;Wk; cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUth; jilnra;ag;gl;Ls;shu;. 4:2 murhq;fj;jpd; xU jpizf;fsj;jpypUe;J ,d;ndhU jpizf; fsj;Jf;F mDg;gg;gl;l fbjnkhd;wpd; gpujpnahd;iw gpd;ida jpizf;fsk; ve;jnthU jdpg;gl;ltUf;Fk; nghJthf tpepNahfpf;ff;$lhJ. fbjj;jpy; mlq;fpAs;s jfty;fs; jdp xUtUf;F mwptpf;fg;gl Ntz;bapUe;jhy;> mt;tplak; rk;ge;jg;gl;ltUf;F Kftupaplg;gl;l jdpahd fbjk; xd;wpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;L mDg;gg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 4:3 ePjpkd;wj;jpd; fl;lisnahd;wpd; kPJ kw;Wk; chpa gpujp gz;zy; fl;lzj;ijr; nrYj;jpatplj;Njxopa> fbjk; vOjpatu; jtpu;ej ; NtnwtNuDk; xUtUf;F rhd;WWjpgg ; Lj;jg;gl;l fbjj;jpd; gpujpiaNah my;yJ mjw;fhd gjpiyNah toq;fyhfhJ.

5. murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jh;fs s;; Kd;itf;fpd;w tpsk;gy;fs;


5:1 jdJ jdpg;gl;l chpikia Neubahfg; ghjpf;fpd;w ve;j tplak; gw;wpAk; Kiwahf mikf;fg;gl;l ve;jNthh; mjpfhu rigf;Fk; tpz;zg;gnkhd;iwNah my;yJ Nkd;KiwaPnlhd;iwNah rkh;gg ; pf;f ve;jNthh; cj;jpNahfj;jUf;Fk; KbAk;. mj;jifa xt;nthU tpzz ; g;gj;ijAk; my;yJ Nkd;KiwaPli ; lAk; Nkyplj;Jf;F mDg;gp itf;f mtuJ Nkyjpfhup flikg;gl;Ls;shu;. 5:2 mj;jifa tpz;zg;gk; my;yJ Nkd;KiwaPL ehfupfkw;w> Kiwaw;w my;yJ mtkjpg;ghd trd eilrhu;ej ; nkhopapUg;gpd; mJ mDg;gg;glyhfhJ. 5:3 mt;tpz;zg;gk; my;yJ Nkd;KiwaPL Vw;Wf;nfhs;sg;gl;lhy;> mJ fpilf;fg;ngw;wik gw;wp mwptpj;J mJ Ngha;r; Nru Ntz;ba MSf;F rkh;g;gpf;fg;gLnkd cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F mwptpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 5:4 tpz;zg;gnkhd;W my;yJ Nkd;KiwaPnlhd;W rkh;gg ; pf;fg;gl Ntz;baJ tpz;zg;gjhhpapd; jpizf;fsj; jiytupd; my;yJ NtW chpa mjpfhupfspd; %ykhFk;. tpz;zg;gnkhd;W my;yJ Nkd;KiwaPnlhd;W ; murhq;f Nrit Mizf;FOTf;F Kftupaplg;gl;Ls;s re;jh;g;gq;fs; jtpu mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jh;
294

mj;jpahak; pahak; XXVIII

filrpahf Nrit Gupe;j jpizf;fsj;jpd; jiyt&lhfNt rku;g;gpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 5:5 xOf;fhw;W tplaq;fs; njhlu;ghd Nkd;KiwaPnlhd;wpd; XLVIII Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; tpjpfSf;F mike;jdthjy; Ntz;Lk;. 5:6 murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtuhy; rkh;gg ; pf;fg;gLfpd;w tpz;zg;gnkhd;W my;yJ Nkd;KiwaPnlhd;W njhlh;ghapd; mjw;F Nkyjpfkhf gpupT 6 ,d; Vw;ghLfSk; Vw;Giladthjy; Ntz;Lk;.

6. nghJkf nghJkfd d; my;yJ murhq;f cj;jpNahfj; pNahfj;jnuhUth; jdJ jdpg;gl;l Kiwapy; Kd;itf;fpd;w Kiwg;ghLfs;
6:1 vOj;jpyhd Kiwg;ghL my;yJ kDnthd;W ,ad;wtiuapy; gpd;tUk; tpjpfSld; ,zq;fpapUj;jy; Ntz;Lk; (m) mJ ifnaOj;jpNyh> jl;nlOj;jpNyh my;yJ mr;rplg;gl;Nlh mDg;gg;glyhk;@ ifnaOj;jpypUg;gpd; mJ njspthf vOjg;gl;bUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. mNj Nghd;W vOj;Jf;fs; kDjhuupd; ifnaOj;jpy; vOjg;gl;buhjtplj;J> kDr; nra;gtupd; ifnahg;gk; my;yJ ngUtpuy; milahsj;jpw;F Nkyjpfkhf mijj; jahupj;jtUk; mjpy; njspthd vOj;Jf;fspy; ifnahg;gkpl;bUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. xU kD vy;yhr; re;ju;gg ; q;fspYk; kDjhuhpd; my;yJ kDit tiue;jth; NtnwhUtuhapd;> gpujhd kDjhuupdJk; kDit tiue;jthpdJk; KOikahd Kftupfisf; nfhz;bUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. kDit ep&gpg;gjw;fhf kDjhuh; rhh;eJ ; epw;fpd;w Kf;fpakhd $w;Wf;fs; kw;Wk; jh;ff ; q;fs; midj;ijAk; kD cs;slf;fpapUj;jy;; Ntz;Lk;@ xU tplaj;NjhL njhlh;Gila Kiwg;ghLfSf;F khj;jpuk; kD kl;Lg;gLj;jg;gl;bUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. kD mDg;gp itf;fg;gl Ntz;baJ ngWeupd; jdpg;gl;l ngaUf;fd;wp gjtpg; ngaUf;fhFk;. mNjNghd;W Ntz;lg;gLtJ vJ vd kDtpd; ,Wjpapy; jpl;ltl;lkhff; Fwpg;gplg;gl;bUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. re;jh;gg ; q;fspy; Kd;itf;fg;gLfpd;w Kiwg;ghLfs; fUj;jpw;

(M)

6:2 gpd;tUk; nfhs;sg;glkhl;lh:

6:2:1 MW khjq;fSf;F Nkw;gl;l fhyj;Jf;FKd; toq;fg;gl;l fl;lisnahd;wpw;F vjpuhd Nkd;KiwaPnlhd;whapUe;J> mj;jhkjj;jpw;fhd Nghjpa tpsf;fnkhd;W mjpy; fhl;lg;glhjtplj;J. 6:2:2 mNj mjpfhhpf;F my;yJ mthpYk; cau; mjpfhupnahUtUf;F Kd;Gk; Nkd;KiwaPnlhd;W nra;ag;gl;L> mJ epuhfupf;fg;gl;bUg;gpd;@ MapDk;> Nkd;KiwaPL njhlh;ghf toq;fg;gl;l Muk;g jPhk ; hdj;jpy; jhf;fk; Vw;gLj;j; jf;fitahd Gjpa Kf;fpa tplaq;fs; fhzg;gLfpd;wdntdTk;> Kd;ida jpfjpapy; mt;tplaq;fis ntspg;gLj;jpf; nfhs;s Kbahkw; Nghdikf;F Nghjpa fhuzq;fs; cs;sdntdTk; Nkd;KiwaPL fpilf;fg; ngWfpd;w mjpfhhp Kfj;Njhw;wstpy; jpUg;jpailthuhapd;> ,uz;lhk; Nkd;KiwaPnlhd;iw fUj;jpy; nfhs;s KbAk;. ,t;thW ,uz;lhk; Nkd;KiwaPnlhd;W fUj;jpy; nfhs;sg;gl Ntz;baJ> mt;thW nra;ag;gl Kbahnjd;w Vw;ghLfs; fhzg;glhj NghjpyhFk;. 6:2:3 VNjDk; rl;lnkhd;wpd; %yNkh my;yJ xOq;Ftpjpnahd;wpd; %yNkh ,Wjpahdnjd ntspg;gLj;jg;gl;l jPug ; n ; ghd;wpw;F vjpuhf Kd; itf;fg;gLfpd;w xd;whftpUf;Fkplj;J:

295

mj;jpahak; XXVIII

6:2:4 epthuzj;ijg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;F tpNrl nray; Kiwnahd;W rl;lj;jpy; tpjpjJ ; iuf;fg;gl;bUg;gpd;: (cjhuzk;: cau; ePjpkd;wj;Jf;F Nkd;KiwaPL nra;jy;) 6:2:5 Nfhug;gLfpd;w epthuzk;> murhq;fk; my;yJ murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUth; jdJ jifikapy; xU jug;ghftpUf;fhj Fbapay; tof;nfhd;wpd; jPhg ; ;nghd;wpypUe;Njh my;yJ Fbapay; ePjpkd;nwhd;wpd; fl;lisnahd;wpypUe;Njh vOfpd;w xd;whftpUf;Fkplj;J 6:2:6 ePjpkd;wnkhd;wpy; jPhf ; f ; g;glTs;s xU tplak; tprhuiznahd;whf my;yJ Gydha;nthd;whf Ntz;lg;gLkplj;J: njhlh;ghd

6:2:7 thrpf;f KbahjthNwh my;yJ Ghpe;J nfhs;s KbahjthNwh my;yJ Kiwaw;w my;yJ ehfhpfkw;w nkhop eilapNyh vOjg;gl;Ls;stplj;J> 6:2:8 Kjypy; chpa jpizf;fsj; jiytUf;F vLg;gpNyNa nrayhsUf;F rkh;g;gpf;fg;gl;Ls;stplj;J> rkh;gg ; pf;fhky; vLj;j

6:3 murpayikg;gpd; fPo; Kiwahf jdf;Fr; rkh;g;gpf;fg;gl Kbe;j xU tplak; njhlu;ghd kDit kl;LNk rdhjpgjp Vw;Wf; ftdpg;ghu;. Xu; mikr;rupd; tplag; gug;Gf;Fs; tuf;$ba tplankhd;W njhlu;ghf rdhjpgjpf;F kDnthd;W Kftupaplg;gl;L mDg;gg;gLkplj;J mtuhy; mJ chpa mikr;rUf;F Mw;Wg;gLj;jg;gLk;. 6:4 fhyq;fle;jg;glhky; ftdk; nrYj;jg;gl Ntz;ba tpjj;jpyhd Xh; mtru tplakhftpUe;jhyd;wp> gj;J ehl;fSf;Fs; rku;g;gpf;fg;gl;l kDnthd;W njhlHghf ftdk; nrYj;jp mDg;gg;gLfpd;w fbjnkhd;Wf;F my;yJ je;jpnahd;Wf;F gjpy; mDg;gNtz;ba mtrpak; ,y;iy. 6:5 VNjDk; tpz;zg;g Kiw njhlh;ghf rl;lj;jpy; tpN\l Vw;ghLfs; nra;ag;gl;Ls;s re;jh;g;gq;fspy; chpa rl;lq;fis Nktp ,r;rl;l tpjpfs; tYthf;fk; ngwkhl;lh.

7. mwpf;iffs;
7:1 mwpf;if rku;g;gpf;fpd;w Xu; cj;jpNahfj;jh; jdf;Ff; fPNo gzpGhpfpd;w cgepiy cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUthpd; my;yJ NtnwhUthpd; fbjnkhd;iw nrayhsUf;F/jpizf;fsj; jiytUf;F rku;gg ; pf;fpd;w NghJ mJ gw;wp jdJ fUj;Jf;fisAk; ghpe;JiufisAk; Fwpg;gply; Ntz;Lk;. 7:2 nghJkf;fsplkpUe;Njh my;yJ murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jH xUthplkpUe;Njh murhq;fj;Jf;F rkHg;gpf;fg;gLfpd;w tpsk;gy;fs; njhlHghf mwpf;ifapLfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; ghpe;Jiufs; me;juq;fkhditahf itf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 7:3 murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUthpdhy; my;yJ nghJkf;fspdhy; murhq;fj;jpw;F Kd;itf;fg;gLfpd;w Kiwg;ghLfs; njhlu;gpyhd mwpf;iffisr; rkHg;gpf;fpd;wNghJ> kDtpy; fhl;lg;gl;Ls;s fUj;jpw; nfhs;sg;gl Ntz;ba; rhl;Lf;fs;> Nfhug;gLfpd;w epthuzq;fs;> mwpf;ifapLk; cj;jpNahfj;jhpdhy; epr;rapf;fg;gl;lthwhd tof;fpd; epfo;Tfs; vd;gdtw;iwf; $batiu RUf;fkhff; Fwpg;gpl;Lf; fhl;Ljy; Ntz;Lk;. Kd;itf;fg;gl;Ls;s gpur;rpidfs; njhlh;ghff; Fwpg;gpLtJ mtrpankd my;yJ mjNdhL njhlh;Gilanjd jdf;Fg; Gyg;gLfpd;w mtjhdpg;Gf;fs; kw;Wk; NtW tplaq;fs; vd;gtw;iw Rl;bf; fhl;b> mwpf;ifapLk; cj;jpNahfj;jh; jdJ mwpf;ifia epiwT nra;a Ntz;baJ> kDjhuUf;F toq;fg;gl Ntz;Lnkd jhd; fUJfpd;w gjpy;fs; njhlh;ghd Kd;nkhopnthd;iwAk; cs;slf;fpa tpjj;jpyhFk;.
296

mj;jpahak; XXVIII

7:4 kDf;fs; kw;Wk; Vida KiwaPLfs; njhlHghf jhkjkd;wp mwpf;ifapl Ntz;Lnkd;gJld; vr;re;ju;ggj;jpYk; mJ xU khjj;Jf;F Nkw;gLjYkhfhJ.

8. ehl;gjpNtLfSk; kPsha;TfSk;
8:1 ehl;Fwpg;nghd;Nwh kPsha;nthd;Nwh jhspd; ,uz;L gf;fq;fspYk; jl;lr;rpy;; nghwpf;fg;gl Ntz;Lnkd;gNjhL ge;jpfSf;F,yf;fkplg;glYk; Ntz;Lk;. 8:2 ehl;Fwpg;nghd;W my;yJ kPsha;nthd;W vdg;gLtJ> Mw;wg;gl;l Ntiy gw;wpa mwpf;ifnahd;whFk;. mJ mLj;jth;fis Fw;wr;rhl;Lf;F ,yf;fhFk; Xh; Clfkhf cgNahfpf;fg;gLjyhfhJ. rhjhuz flik hPjpahd fbjj; njhlu;gpd;NghJ njuptpf;fg;gl;l tplaq;fs; kw;Wk; fUj;Jf;fis kPsj; njuptpf;fpd;w $wpaJ $wyha; mikaf; $lhJ. 8:3 fhyj;Jf;Ff; fhyk; mit xd;whfr; Nru;jJ ; f; fl;lg;gl;L ghJfhf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;.

9. mYtyf Kiwahd Mtzq;fspd; fl;Lf;fhg;Gk;> ghJfhg;Gk; mopg;Gk;


9:1 jdJ nghWg;gpYs;s murhq;f mYtyfj;jpd; midj;J gj;jpuq;fspdJk; my;yJ vOj;jhtzq;fspdJk; ghJfhg;G> fl;Lf;fhg;G> epUthfk; vd;gd njhlHghf jpizf;fsj; jiytH my;yJ 1973 Mk; Mz;bd; 48 Mk; ,yf;f Njrpa Rtbr; rl;lj;jpd; 24 Mk; gpuptpy; tiutpyf;fzg;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;sthW 'nghWg;G tha;ej ; mYtyH" nghWg;ghjy; Ntz;Lk;. 9:2 jahhpf;fg;gl;l ehspypUe;J 25 Mz;LfSf;Ff; Fiwahj fhyj;ijj; jhz;bAs;s murhq;fg; gjpNtLfis murhq;f mYtyfnkhd;wpypUe;J Njrpa Rtbf;$lj;Jf;F mDg;GjYk; murhq;f mYtyfq;fspYs;s ngWkjpaw;w kw;Wk; md;whl gjpNtLfis mopj;jYk; 1981Mk; Mz;bd; 30Mk; ,yf;f rl;lj;jpdhy; jpUj;jg;gl;lthwhd 1973Mk; Mz;bd; 48Mk; ,yf;f Rtbf;$lr; rl;lj;jpdhYk; mjd; fPo; Mf;fg;gl xOq;F tpjpfshYk; Msg;gLfpd;wd. 9:3 epue;jukhfg; Ngzg;gl;L tUtjw;fhf Njrpa Rtbf;$lj;Jf;F khw;wg;gl Ntz;ba gjpNtLfspd; ml;ltiziaAk; mj;Jld; ngWkjpaw;witnadf; fUjp mopf;fg;gl Ntz;ba md;whl gjpNtLfspd; ml;ltiziaAk; jahupj;jYk;> fhyj;Jf;Ff; fhyk; rPuhf;fk; nra;jYk; jpizf;fsj; jiythpdhy; Njrpa Rtbf; $l gzpg;ghsiu crhtp Nkw;nfhs;sg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 9:4 Nkw;Fwpj;j 9:3 Mk; cl;gphptpd; fPo; jahupf;fg;gl;l Muk;g ml;ltizfs;> mit ml;ltizg;gLj;jg;gly; G+u;jj ; pahf;fg;gl;L xU khj fhyj;jpd; gpd;dh; mq;ff P huj;Jf;fhf Njrpa Rtbf; $lg; gzpg;ghsUf;F mDg;gg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. 9:5 (Nkw;Fwpj;j 9:4 Mk; cg gphptpw;fika) ngWkjpaw;w mwpf;iffs; kw;Wk; mopg;gjw;F mq;ff P hpf;fg;gl;l Mtzq;fs; vd;gtw;iw jtizabg;gilapy; mopg;gjw;fhd jpfjpnahd;iw xt;nthU jpizf;fsKk; eph;zapf;f Ntz;Lnkd;gNjhL mt;thtzq;fis jpizf;fsj; jiytupd; fl;lisfs; kPJk; kw;Wk; nghWg;gpYk; khj;jpuNk mopj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 9:6 mopf;fg;gl;l xt;Nthh; Mtzk; my;yJ mwpf;if njhlu;gpy; gpd;tUk; jfty;fisf; fhl;Lfpd;w tptukhd mwpf;ifnahd;iw nghUj;jkhd gjpNtnlhd;wpy; vOjp itj;J mg;gjpNtl;ilf; ftdkhfg; ghJfhj;J itj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.

297

mj;jpahak; XXVIII

1. 2. 3. 4.

Mtzj;jpd; my;yJ Nfhg;gpd; ,yf;fKk; jpfjpAk; tplak; mJ njhlh;ghd fhyf;nfL mjpy; mlq;fpAs;s tplaq;fs; toikahf Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLfpd;w md;whl elj;ijfs; my;yhtpbd; mJ gw;wpa RUf;fg; nghopg;nghd;W 5. mopg;gjw;fhd mjpfhuj;ij toq;fpa fbjj;jpd; njhlh;Gf; Fwpg;G 6. mopf;fg;gl;l Kiw (c-k; rpW Jz;Lfshf fpopf;fg;gLjy;> vupj;jy; my;yJ Njrpa fljhrpf; $l;Lj;jhgdj;Jf;F xg;gilj;jy; Nghd;wd) 7. mopf;fg;gl;l jpfjp

9:7 (Nkw;Fwpj;j 9:3 Mk; cg gphptpw;fika) Njrpa Rtbf; $lj;jpy; itj;J epue;ju ghJfhg;G toq;fg;gLtjw;fhf ml;ltizg;gLj;jg;gl;litAk;> my;yJ mj;jifa ghJfhg;Gf;fhf NtW tifapy; Njh;en ; jLf;fg;gl;litAk; 25 Mz;LfSf;Ff; Fiwahj mwpf;iffs; kw;Wk; Mtzq;fis Mz;bw;nfhUKiw Njrpa Rtbf; $lj;Jf;F mDg;g Ntz;ba jpfjpia jpizf;fsj; jiyth; Njrpa rtbf; $l gzpg;ghsUld; fye;jhNyhrpj;J Fwpj;Jf; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. 9:8 mopf;fg;glf;$lhj rpy Mtzq;fs; gpd;tUkhW:1948Mk; Mz;L ,yq;ifg; ghuhSkd;wk; jhgpf;fg;gLtjw;F Kd;du; ,Ue;j FbNaw;w ehl;L nrayhsupd; mYtyfj;Jld; njhlu;G itj;Jf; nfhz;l fbjq;fs; (ii) jpizf;fsj;jpd; kPsikg;G> jhgpg;G kw;Wk; epu;thfk;; njhlu;ghd kw;Wk; cj;jpNahfj;jh;; epakdq;fs; kw;Wk; jpizf;fsk; KbTWj;jg;gly; njhlu;ghd Xu; Mtzk; my;yJ gjpNtL. (iii) vy;yh ngWkjpfspYk; Gjpjhf ntspaplg;gl;l xt;nthU ehzaj;jhs; my;yJ ehzaf; Fw;wpfspd; khjphpfs; epue;ju kw;Wk; ghJfhg;Gf;fhf ntspg;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;s NtW Mtzq;fs;. (iv) nfhs;if hPjpahd tplaq;fs; njhlu;ghd Nfhitnahd;W (v) nfhs;if hPjpahd tplaq;fis eilKiwg;gLj;jy; njhlu;gpyhd Xu; Mtzk; my;yJ gjpNtL@ (vi) tprhuiz Mizf;FOr; rl;lj;jpd; my;yJ tpNrl rdhjpgjp Mizf;FOtpd; fPo; epakpf;fg;gl;l VNjDNkhh; Mizf;FO my;yJ FO my;yJ rdhjpgjpapdhy; my;yJ mikr;rnuhUtupdhy; ghuhSkd;wj;jpy; rl;lkhf;fg;gl;l VNjDk; tpN\l tprhuizr; rl;lnkhd;wpdhy; epakpf;fg;gl;l VNjDnkhU tprhuizf; FO njhlu;gpyhd xU gjpNtL. (vii) Xh; murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; nrayhw;Wif njhlu;ghd Mtznkhd;W my;yJ gjpNtnlhd;W: (viii) vtNuDNkhh; murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jhpdhy; Kbj;J itf;fg;gl;l nraw;ghLfs; my;yJ jpll ; q;fs; njhlu;ghd Mtznkhd;W my;yJ gjpNtnlhd;W@ (ix) murhq;fj;jpw;Fhpa my;yJ murhq;fj;jpw;F vjpuhd chpikfs; kw;Wk; flg;ghLfs; njhlh;ghd rhl;rpfs; mlq;fpa gjpNtLfs; - Mjdq;fs; njhlh;ghd chpj;Jg; gjpNtLfs;> fhyf;nfLf;fSf;Fl;glhj el;l <LfSf;fhf chpj;Jf; NfhUfpd;w gjpNtLfs;: (x) ed;fwpag;gl;l nghJ my;yJ rh;tNjr epfo;r;rpnahd;W my;yJ itgtnkhd;W my;yJ Njrpa Kf;fpaj;Jtk; tha;ej ; NtW epfo;Tfs; njhlu;gpyhd mwpf;ifnahd;W: (xi) Kf;fpaj;Jtk; tha;ej ; tpQ;Qhd njhopy;El;g Muha;r;rp kw;Wk; mgptpUj;jp njhlu;gpyhd xU gjpNtL (xii) fzprkhd gpuhe;jpa kw;Wk; tya Kf;fpaj;Jtk; tha;ej ; tplaq;fs; njhlu;gpyhd xU gjpNtL@ (xiii) fhzp> mjd; cupik njhlu;ghdJk;> Kbf;Fupa fhzpfs;> Nridfs;> fhLfs;> jdpg;gl;ltu;fSf;Fr; nrhe;jkhd my;yJ $l;Lr; nrhe;jk; nfhs;sg;gl;l Vida fhzpfs; njhlu;ghdJk; tpNrlkhf fhzp kw;Wk; Mtzq;fspd; ngWkjp njhlh;ghdJkhd Mtznkhd;W
(i) 298

mj;jpahak; XXVIII

Ntz;Lnkd rl;lj;jpdhy; Njitg;gLj;jg;gl;l Mtznkhd;W (xv) Njrpa Rtbf;$l gzpg;ghsupdhy; Njitg;gLj;jg;glf;$ba NtW VNjDnkhU gjpNtL.

(xiv) ghJfhf;fg;gl

10. 10. cj;jpNahfj; pNahfj;jh;fspdJk; neUq;fpa cwtpdh;fspdJk; spdJk; Kftupfs; Kftupfs;


10:1 yPtpy; nrd;wpUe;jhYk; ,y;yhtpl;lhYk; jdf;Ff; fbjq;fs; Kjypad fpilf;fpd;w Kftupia xt;NthH cj;jpNahfj;jUk; jdJ jpizf;fsj; jiytUf;Ff; nfhLj;JjTjy; Ntz;Lk;. 10:2 ,yq;if ntspehl;L Nritapd; xt;Nthh; cj;jpNahfj;jUk; murhq;fj;jpd; fPo; Kjd; Kiwahf epakdj;ijg; nghWg;Ngw;Fk; NghJ> jdJ fLk; RftPdnkhd;W my;yJ tpgj;njhd;W my;yJ ,wg;nghd;W njhlu;gpy;; njhlu;G nfhs;tjw;Fg; nghUj;jkhd ,yq;ifapy; cs;s kpf neUq;fpa cwtpdH xUthpd; my;yJ ,uj;j cwTf;fhuhpd; ngaiuAk; KftupiaAk; jdJ jpizf;fsj; jiytUf;Ff; nfhLj;JjTjy; Ntz;Lk;. nfhLj;Jjtg;gLk; jfty;f ; spy; cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; cwtpdupd; my;yJ ,uj;j cwTf;fhuupd; cwTKiw gw;wp RUf;fkhff; Fwpg;gplg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 10:3 cwtpdh;fspd; Kftup kw;Wk; cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; gjtpg; ngaupy; Vw;gl;Ls;s khw;wj;ijf; fhl;Lfpd;w mwpf;ifnahd;iw ntspehl;L mYty;fs; mikr;R %yk; my;yJ NtW chpa mjpfhup %yk; chpa ,yq;if ntspehl;Lj; J}jufj;Jf;F mDg;gp itg;gjw;fhf jpizf;fsj; jiytUf;F> nrayhsUf;F nfhLj;JjTjy; Ntz;Lk;. mwpf;iff;Fupa Mz;bw;Fs; ,we;JNghd my;yJ NritapypUe;J Xa;Tngw;w my;yJ Xa;Tf;F Kd;duhd yPtpy; ,d;Nwy; Nrit KbTWj;jg;gl;L ehl;Lf;F ntspNa nrd;w cj;jpNahfj;jh;fspd; ngau;fisAk; ,j;jpul;by; Nru;jJ ; f; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. 10:4 vtNuDk; cj;jpNahfj;jupd; neUq;fpa cwtpdu;fs; ,yq;iff;F ntspapy; trpf;Fkplj;Jk; mj;jifa cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUth; fLk; RftPdj;jpdhy; gPbf;fg;gl;L> me;Nehapdhy; capuhgj;ij vjph;Nehf;fp ,Uf;Fkplj;Jk; Njitg;gbd; chpa ,yq;ifapd; ntspehl;Lj;J}jufj;jpw;F my;yJ chpa NtW mjpfhupnahUtUf;F mwptpj;J cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; cwtpdHfSf;F mwptpf;FkhW NfhUtjw;fhf jpizf;fsj; jiyth; mJgw;wp cldbahf nrayhsUf;F mwptpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 10:5 Nehapd; jd;ikapy; khw;wnkhd;W epfOkplj;J cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; epiyikiaf; fhl;Lfpd;w Nkyjpf mwpf;ifnahd;W nrayhsUf;Ff; nfhLj;Jjtg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 3 my;yJ 4 ehl;fSf;F Nkyhf mtupd; epiyapy; vJtpj khw;wKk; Vw;glhtplj;J Nehapd; jd;ikapy;; vt;tpj khw;wKkpy;iy vdTk; mwpf;ifaply; Ntz;Lk;. 10:6 cj;jpNahfj;jh; kuzpf;Fkplj;J mr;nra;jp> kuzj;jpw;fhd fhuzk;> ,we;j jpfjp vd;gtw;NwhL jfty; nfhLf;fg;gl Ntz;ba cwtpdupd; ngau;> Kftup vd;gtw;iwAk; cldbahf nrayhsUf;F mwptpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. mt;thW nra;ag;gl Ntz;baJ ,we;jthpd; cwtpdUf;F mwptpf;FkhW Nfhhp> chpa ,yq;if ntspehl;Lj; J}jufj;Jf;F ,d;Nwy; NtW chpa mjpfhhpnahUtUf;F je;jpnahd;iw mDg;Gtjw;NfahFk;. kuzpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jh; gzpahw;wpa jpizf;fsj; jiyth; my;yJ kuzpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jNuhL gzpGhpe;j cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUth; my;yJ mr;nra;jp njhlh;ghd midj;J tpguq;fisAk; mthpd; cwtpdh;fSf;F mQ;ry; %yk; mwptpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.

299

mj;jpahak; XXVIII

11. 11. itgtuPjpahd tpohf;fs;


11:1 murhq;f mjpgnuhUtUf;F> jpizf;fsj; jiytnuhUtUf;F my;yJ NtW cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtUf;F flik eltbf;ifnahd;iw my;yJ NtW flg;ghnlhd;iw Mw;Wtjw;F jdJ tUif ,d;wpaikahjjhfTkpUe;J ,d;Nwy; jdJ gjtp epiyikf;fika jdf;F Neubahfj; njhlh;GilajhfTkpUe;jhNy xopa jdJ Nrit epiyaj;Jf;F ntspapy; elf;fpd;w tpohf; nfhz;lhl;lq;fSf;F mDg;gg;gLfpd;w Kiwahd miog;nghd;iw Vw;f Ntz;ba flg;ghL fpilahJ. 11:2 murhq;fj;jplkpUe;J Kd;dDkjpia Kd;$l;bNa ngwhky; vtNuDk; murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUth; me;epaehl;L gjf;fq;fisNah> nfsutg; gl;lq;fisNah my;yJ rpd;dq;fisNah Vw;Wf;nfhs;SjNyh my;yJ mzpjNyh MfhJ. ,jw;fhd mDkjp ntspehl;L mYty;fs; mikr;rpd; nrayhs&lhf ngwg;gly; Ntz;Lk;.

12. 12.

khfhzq;fSk; khtl;lq;fSk;
Gs;sptpguq;fis rkh;gg ; pf;fpd;w khfhzq;fSk; khtl;lq;fSk;

12:1 mwpf;iffisj; jahhpf;fpd;w NghJk; NghJk; ,ad;wsT mtw;wpy; ,yq;ifapd; Fwpg;gplg;gl Ntz;ba njhlnuhOq;F tUkhW: khfhzj;jpd; njhlnuhOq;F Nky; .. .. ..

khtl;lq;fspd; njhlnuhOq;F nfhOk;G fk;g`h fSj;Jiw fz;b khj;jis Etnuypah fhyp khj;jiw `k;ghe;Njhl;il aho;gg ; hzk; kd;dhu; tTdpah Ky;iyj;jT P fpspnehr;rp kl;lf;fsg;G mk;ghiw jpUNfhzkiy FUzhfy; Gj;jsk; mEuhjGuk; nghyd;dWit gJis nkhduhfiy ,uj;jpdGup Nffhiy

kj;jpa

..

..

..

njd;

..

..

..

tl

..

..

..

fpof;F

..

..

..

tlNky; tlkj;jpa Cth rg;ufKt

.. .. .. ..

.. .. .. ..

.. .. .. ..

300

mj;jpahak; XXVIII

13. 13.

Neha;fis mwptpj;jy;

13:1 mYtyu; xUtu; FbapUf;Fk; tPlb ; Ys;s vtNuDk; xUtu; gpd;tUk; vitNaDk; Neha;fspdhy; gPbf;fg;gl;ltplj;J ,Jgw;wp mt;tYtyu; cldbahf jpizf;fsj; jiytUf;F mwptpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.

njhw;WNeha; jil Neha;fs; s the;jpNgjp nfhs;isNeha; kPSq;fha;rr ; y; (Ngd;topj; njhw;WNeha;) rpd;d mk;ik iwgRf; fha;rr ; y; (Ngd;topj; njhw;WNeha;) kQ;rs; fha;rr ; y; njhw;WNeha; jilaw;w Neha;fs; fLikahd ,sk;gps;isthjk; Kd;dhz; - %isf; fha;r;ry; nfhg;gspg;ghd; tapw;WisT tapw;Wg; Nghf;F Flw;fha;r;ry; njhw;wf;$ba kQ;rw; fhkhiy vspa njhlu; fha;r;ry; Ngd;top my;yJ guty; iwgR fha;r;ry; 13:1:1 mk;ik> rpd;dKj;J> N[u;kd; rpd;dKj;J (cUngy;yh) vd;gdTk; NtW nrhwprpuq;F Nghd;wtw;Wld; $ba Neha; Nghd;wit ehl;bd; ve;jg; ghfj;jpYk; fz;ltplj;Jk; mwptpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 13:1:2 njhw;W Neha;jj ; il Neha; cs;stu;fs; jdpahf itf;fg;gLtu;. ,e;Nehf;fj;Jf;fhf yPT KOr; rk;gsj;Jld; $ba tpNrl yPthff; fzpf;fg;gLk;. 13:1:3 njhw;WNeha; jilaw;w Nehapdhy; gPbf;fg;gl;l egu; xUtUld; njhlu;Gs;s cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtu; jhk; Ntiynra;Ak; ,lj;Jf;F tuhjpUf;f Ntz;ba mtrpakpy;iy.

301

mj;jpahak; XXIX
fhzp nfhs;sy;> KjyPL nra;jy;> <L itj;jy;
1. 2. 3. 4. nghJ nrhj;Jf;fs; kw;Wk; nghWg;Gf;fis ntspg;gLj;jy;. fhzp nfhs;sy; sy; KjyPL nra;jy;> gq;Ffs;> gpw chp chpikfs; hpikfs;

302

mj;jpahak; XXIX
fhzp nfhs;sy;> KjyPL nra;jy;> <L itj;jy;
1. nghJ
1:1 ,g;gpuptpd; fPo; jpizf;fsj; jiyth; my;yJ murhq;f mjpgh; Nghd;w Xh; cj;jpNahfj;jh; mDkjpf;fpd;w my;yJ jPhk ; hdpf;fpd;w mjpfhupahf ,Uf;Fk; nghOJ> jdpg;gl;l Kiwapy; jd;NdhL njhlh;Gila ve;jnthU tpz;zg;gj;ijAk; chpa mikr;rpd; nrayhsUf;F Mw;Wg;gLj;Jjy; Ntz;Lk;. 1:2 ,t;tj;jpahaj;jpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s tplaq;fs; njhlh;ghd fbjq;fs; my;yJ mf;fbjq;fspd; gpujpfs; rhjhuzkhf cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; ngah; topg; gjpTf; Nfhg;gpNyh mf;Nfhg;G Ngzg;gltpy;iyahapd; mthpd; ngah; topf; Nfhg;gpNyh Nfhitg;gLj;jg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. (mj;jpahak; VI ,d; 3 Mk; gpupitg; ghh;ff ; Tk;). mj;jifa fbjj; njhlh;gpd; rfy gpujpfSk; ,ize;j Nritfspd; gjtpepiyj; juj;ijr; Nrh;ej ; kw;Wk; ,ize;j Nritfspd; gjtpepiyj; juj;ijr; rhuhj cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUth; njhlh;ghapd; ,ize;j Nritfs; gzpg;ghsh; mjpgjpf;Fk; VidNahh; njhlh;ghapd; nrayhsUf;Fk; mDg;gg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 1:3 nrayhsnuhUthpdhYk; ahNjhh; mikr;rpd; fPOk; Nrh;f;fg;glhj jpizf;fsnkhd;wpd; jiytnuhUthpdhYk; fhzp nfhs;sy; Kjypa eltbf;iffNshL njhlh;Gila vOj;jhtzq;fs; murhq;f epUthf mikr;rpd; nrayhsUf;Fr; rkh;gg ; pf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 1:4 ,t;tj;jpahak; mkaj; njhopyhspnahUtUf;F Vw;GilajhfhJ.

2.

nrhj;Jf;fs; kw;Wk; nghWg;Gf;fis ntspg;gLj;jy;.

2:1 Xt;Nthh; cj;jpNahfj;jUk; murhq;f Nritf;F Kjy; epakpg;Gg; ngWk; NghJ jdf;Fr; nrhe;jkhd my;yJ jdJ tho;fi ; fj; Jizf;F cupikapYs;s my;yJ jpUkzj;jhy; mtuJ ngaUf;F vOjg;gl;Ls;s my;yJ chpik khw;wk; nra;ag;gl;Ls;s nrhj;Jf;fs; njhlh;ghfTk; jd;dhy; my;yJ jdJ tho;fi ; fj; Jizahy; tfpf;fg;gLfpd;w midj;J nghWg;Gf;fisAk;; jdJ ngah;topg; gjpTf; Nfhg;gpy; my;yJ ngah; topf;Nfhg;gpy; Nrh;g;gjw;F jdJ jpizf;fsj; jiytUf;F; (jpUj;jg;gl;l) nghJg;gbtk; 261 ,y; cl;NrHj;J toq;Fjy; Ntz;Lk;. 2:2 jdJ Kjy; epakpg;gpd; NghJ cj;jpNahfj;jh; jpUkzk; Kbf;fhjtuhftpUg;gpd; jpUkzk; Kbj;jTld; cldbahf ,th; Nkw;Fwpj;j cg gpuptpdhy; Ntz;lg;gl;Ls;s tptuq;fisf; nfhLj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 2:3 tpthfkhdjd; gpd;dh; jhd; my;yJ jdJ tho;fi ; fj; Jiz (cg gpupT 2:1 ,y; tptupf;fg;gl;Ls;sthW) Gjpa cupiknahd;iw my;yJ nrhj;njhd;iwf; nfhs;fpd;w NghJ> mt;tz;zk; nfhs;sg;gl;l; nrhj;Jf;fspd; my;yJ cupikfspd; KO tptuq;fisAk; jdJ ngah; topg; gjpTf; Nfhg;gpNyh my;yJ ngah; topf; Nfhg;gpNyh cl;Nrh;gg ; jw;fhf xt;Nthh; cj;jpNahfj;jUk; jpizf;fsj; jiytUf;F vOj;jpy; rkh;gg ; pj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. cldbahf mt;tz;zk; nra;aj; jtWjy; xOf;fhw;W kPWifahff; fUjg;gLk;.

303

mj;jpahak; XXIX

3.

fhzp nfhs;sy; sy;

3:1 nfhs;tdT %ykhf Fj;jif %ykhf> ntFkjpahf> kuGupikahf> rPjdkhf my;yJ kuz rhrdj;jpdhNyh cupj;jhfpd;w fhzpapd; my;yJ fhzpapd; gFjpfspd; nfhs;sYf;fhf khtl;l murhq;f mjpgupd; Kd;dq;ff P huk; ngwg;gl Ntz;bajpy;iy. vdpDk;> mJ njhlh;ghf jpizf;fsj; jiyt&lhf fhzp mike;Js;s khtl;lj;jpd; murhq;f mjpgUf;F %d;W fhyg; gFjpf;Fs; mwptpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. ,e;jf; nfhs;sy; Njitaw;wnjd mth; fUjpdhy; my;yJ NtW fhuznkhd;wpdhy; mJ nghUj;jkw;wnjd mth; fUjpdhy; NjitahdthW eltbf;if vLg;gjw;fhf murhq;f mjpgh; mJgw;wp cj;jpNahfj;jh; flikGupfpd;w mikr;rpd; nrayhsUf;F mDg;Gjy; Ntz;Lk;. 3:1:1 VNjDk; fhzpnahd;W rPjdkhff; fpilf;fg;ngw;w fhzpnahd;nwd Vw;Wf; nfhs;tjhapd;> mf;fhzpiaf; nfhs;sy; tpthfj;Jf;F Kd;G> my;yJ re;jh;gg ; j;jpw;Nfw;wthW murhq;f mjpgNuh my;yJ Fwpj;j mikr;rpd; nrayhsNuh tpjpf;fpd;w xU Fwpj;j fhyj;jpw;Fs; epiwNtw;wg;gl;bUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 3:2 jpizf;fsj; jiytnuhUthpdhy; my;yJ ,yq;if epUthf Nrit cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUthpdhy; nra;ag;gl;l fhzp nfhs;sy;fs; gw;wpa rfy mwpf;iffSk; mth;fs; gzpahw;Wfpd;w mikr;rpd; nrayhsh;fSf;F fl;lisfisg; gpwg;gpg;gjw;fhfr; rkh;gg ; pf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 3:3 vtNuDNkhh; cj;jpNahfj;juhNyh my;yJ mth; rhh;gpNyh fhzpnahd;W nfhs;sg;gly; my;yJ cilikapy; itj;jpUf;fg;gly;; jfhnjd;W mt;tikr;rpd; nrayhsh; fUjpd;> mth; jhd; jFjpnad;W fUJfpdw ; msTf;F mf;fhzp njhlh;ghd jd; cupikfisf; fisa Ntz;Lnkd;W mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jUf;F fl;lis ,l nrayhsUf;F KbAk;. xU fhzp nfhs;sy; my;yJ fhzpia cilikahf itj;jpUj;jy;; cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtupd; nrhe;j eyDf;Fk; mur fUkf; flikfSf;Fk; nka;ahfNth my;yJ Kfj; Njhw;wstpNyh Kuz;ghl;ilf; nfhz;Ltuf;$bajhapUg;gpd; my;yJ mthpd; flik eltbf;iffis Mw;Wtjpy; jhf;fnkhd;iw Vw;gLj;JtjhapUg;gpd; mj;jifa fhzp nfhs;sy; my;yJ cilik jfhjjhFk;. 3:4 Nkw;Fwpj;j cggpupTfs; cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUth; jd;Ngupy; my;yJ jd; FLk;gj;jpYs;s NtnwhUthpd; Ngupy; nfhs;sy; nra;ag;gl;l fhzpfs; njhlh;ghfTk; jdJ tho;fi ; fj; Jizapdhy; my;yJ tho;fi ; fj; Jiz rhh;gpy; mthpd; gpuj;jpNaf nrhj;njhd;whf nfhs;sg;gLfpd;w fhzpfs; njhlh;ghfTk; Vw;GiladthFk;. 3:5 ,yq;ifauy;yhj Xh; cj;jpNahfj;jh; jhd; tjpfpd;w ,y;yj;ij xl;bAs;s my;yJ tpisnghUis tpw;gid nra;Ak; Nehf;fj;NjhL gapuplg;glhj xU Njhl;lNkh my;y ; J xU fhzpj;Jz;Nlh jtph;ej ; jPtpDs; mike;Js;s gpw ve;jf; fhzpiaAk; nfhs;syhfhJ. 3:6 cg gpupT 3:5> cj;jpNahfj;jhpdhy; jdJ ngaUf;F my;yJ jdJ FLk;gj;jpYs;sth;fs; cl;gl NtW vth; NgUf;NfDk; nfhs;tdthfh ed;nfhilahfh Njbf;nfhs;sg;gLfpd;w xt;nthU fhzp njhlh;ghfTk; mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jhpd; tho;fi ; fj; Jiz jdf;Fr; nrhe;jkhf jdpg;gl;l nrhj;jhf mt;thW Njbf; nfhs;sg;gLfpd;w fhzpfs; njhlh;ghfTk; Vw;GilajhFk;.

304

mj;jpahak; XXIX

4. KjyPL nra;jy;> gq;Ffs;> gpw cupikfs;


4:1 cg gpupT 2:1 ,y; tptupf;fg;gl;Ls;s ve;jnthU nrhj;ijAk; my;yJ cupikiaAk; jd;dhy; NeubahfNth my;yJ NtnwhUth; %yNkh ,yq;ifauy;yhj cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUth; Njbf;nfhs;sy; MfhJ. 4:2 cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtupdhy; my;yJ mtUila tho;fi ; fj; Jizapdhy; my;yJ cj;jpNahfj;jupd; my;yJ mtUila tho;fi ; fj; Jizapd; rhh;gpy; nra;ag;gl;Ls;s ,q;F cg gpupT 2:1 ,y; tptupf;fg;gl;Ls;s midj;J KjyPLfs; my;yJ Njbf;nfhs;sg;gLfpd;w gq;Ffs; my;yJ cupikfs; gw;wpa tpguq;fis; mtUila mikr;rpd; nrayhsUf;Fj; jpizf;fsj; jiytUf;$lhf mwpf;if nra;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 4:3 ,q;F cg gpupT 2:1 ,y; tptupf;fg;gl;Ls;s vitNaDk; gq;Ffs;> nrhj;Jf;fs; my;yJ cupikfs; jdJ cilikahapUj;jy; my;yJ jd;trkpUj;jy; my;yJ jd;dhy; clik nfhs;sg;gl vz;zpapUj;jy; Nghd;w fhuzq;fspdhy; jdJ flikfSf;Fk; jdpg;gl;l eyd;fSf;Fk; ,ilapy; cz;ikahd Kuz;ghnlhd;W cUthFtjw;fhd tha;gG ; z;nld vjph;ghh;gg ; jw;F Nghjpa fhuzq;fs; fhzg;gLtjhf cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtUf;Fj; njhpate;jhy;> mth; jdJ jpizf;fsj; jiyt&lhf mt;tikr;rpd; nrayhsUf;F mt;tplaj;jpd; rfy tplaq;fisAk; mwptpj;J> nrayhsuplkpUe;J Njitahd fl;lisfs; my;yJ gzpg;Giufs; tUk;tiu mt;tplaj;jpd; rfy eltbf;iffisAk; epWj;jp itj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. mf; fl;lisfs; fpilf;fg; ngw;wTld; mth; mjw;Nfw;g eltbf;ifnaLj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 4:4 ,g;gpuptpd; fPo; jdf;Fr; rkh;gg ; pf;fg;gl;l vt;tplak; gw;wpAk; ,lg;glNtz;ba fl;lisgw;wp nrayhsUf;F re;Njfk; VJk; cz;lhdhy;> mth; mJ njhlh;ghf nghJ epUthf mikr;rpd; nrayhsUld; crhTjy; nra;a Ntz;Lk;.

305

mj;jpahak; XXX
murhq;fk; gzpahsh;fs; kPJ nfhz;Ls;s cupikfs;
1. cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUthpd; toikahd njhop njhopYf; opYf;F my;yJ gjtpf;Fg; Gwk;ghd Nritfis Mw;Wjy;. 2. GJf; fz;Lgpbg;Gf;fSk; fSk; Mf;fTupikAk;

306

mj;jpahak; XXX
murhq;fk; gzpahsh;fs; kPJ nfhz;Ls;s cupikfs;
1. cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUthpd; toikahd njhop njhopYf; opYf;F my;yJ gjtpf;F Gwk;ghd Nritfis Mw;Wjy;;
1:1 murhq;fk; mjd; gzpahsh;fs; njhlh;gpy; mth;fspd; Neuk;> mwpT> Mw;wy;> Njh;rr ; p vd;gtw;wpd; kPJ g+uz chpikiaf; nfhz;Ls;sJ. NtW tifapy; tpNrl Vw;ghLfs; nra;ag;gl;bUe;jhyd;wp mth;fspd; Cjpak; ,e;j Cfj;jpd; mbg;gilapNyNa epUzapf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. 1:2 vj;jifa cah;njhopy; elj;Jk; th;jj ; f my;yJ tzpff;$l;L epWtdj;jpdJk; mYty;fspy; vtUk; gq;Fgw;WjyhfhJ. my;yJ njhopy; Kaw;rp mj;jifa cj;jpNahfj;jh;

1:3 nrayhshpd; mq;ff P huj;jpid Kd;$l;bNa ngw;Wf; nfhs;shky; epWtdnkhd;wpw;F> my;yJ murhq;ff; cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUth;> $l;Lj;jhgdnkhd;wpw;F my;yJ gpw nghJ epWtdnkhd;wpw;F my;yJ VNjDk; jdpahH jug;nghd;wpw;F ve;jnthU NritiaAk; Mw;Wtjw;F ,zq;ff; $lhJ. mj;jifa Nritnahd;iw Mw;Wtjw;F ,zq;f cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtUf;F mq;ff P hukspf;fg;gLtJ :NtW topapy; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s Kbahj tpNrl mwpnthd;W my;yJ Njh;rr ; pnahd;W cj;jpNahfj;jhplKs;stplj;J my;yJ cs;@uhl;rp epWtdnkhd;wpd; NtiyfSld; gad;jU Kiwapy; ,izf;fj;jf;f murhq;f Ntiyfspy; mth; <Lgl;bUf;fpd;wtplj;J: my;yJ cs;Suhl;rp epWtdj;jpd; gzpahsh;fSf;fpy;yhjstpw;F Mw;wnyhd;W Njitg;gLfpd;w VNjDnkhU gjtpapd; ntw;wplnkhd;wpw;F mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jiu jw;fhypfkhf epakpf;f Ntz;ba mtrpaNkw;gLkplj;J khj;jpuNkahFk;. 1:4 cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtH jdJ toikahd mYtyff; flikfSf;Fg; Gwk;ghd gzpnahd;iw fl;lzj;ijg; ngw;Wf; nfhz;L Mw;w Kd;dh;> nrayhsupd; mDkjp ngwg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. mg;gzpia Mw;wpf; nfhs;tjw;fhf NtNwhU topapy;iynad fhuzj;Jld; ep&gpf;fhtplj;J mjw;fhd mq;ff P huk; toq;fg;glyhfhJ. 1:4:1 mt;thW mDkjp toq;fg;gLkplj;J> cj;jpNahfj;jUf;Ff; fpilf;fpd;w fl;lzj;jpy; IX Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; 3 Mk; gpuptpw;fpzq;fTk; jhgdg; gzpg;ghsh; ehafj;jpdhy; ntspaplg;gl;Ls;s mwpTWj;jy;fSf;fikaTk; nrayhsh; jPhk ; hdpf;fpd;w xU Fwpjj ; rj tPjk; jpul;L epjptuTf; fzf;fpy; itf;fg;gLk;@ kPjp cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F toq;fg;gLk;. 1:5 ,t;tpjpf; Nfhitapd; IX Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; fPo; mjpfhukspf;fg;gl;Ls;s tplaq;fs; njhlh;ghfTk; gpuj;jpNaf Nrit kw;Wk; MNyhrid Nrit vd;git njhlh;gpy;> jpizf;fsnkhd;wpdhy; tpjpf;fg;gl;Ls;s xOq;FtpjpfSf;Fk;> mwpTWj;jy;fSf;Fk; fPog ; g ; bfpd;w mj;jpizf;fsj;jpd; cj;jpNahfj;jh;fs; (c+k; Rfhjhuk;) njhlh;ghfTk; 1:4 Mk; kw;Wk; 1:6 Mk; cg gphpTfs; mikTiladthfh. 1:6 murhq;f epjpfspypUe;J cjtp ngWfpd;w my;yJ murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtiu gjtp top; cWg;gpduhf epakdQ; nra;Js;s FOnthd;wpdhy; ,d;Nwy; eph;thf rignahd;wpdhy; epUtfpf;fg;gLfpd;w
307

mj;jpahak; XXX

VNjDnkhU fk;gdpaplkpUe;Njh my;yJ epjpaj;jplkpUe;Njh> nfhilnahd;iw> rd;khdnkhd;iw> fl;lznkhd;iw> Cf;Ftpg;Gj; njhifnahd;iw my;yJ ntFkjpnahd;iw nrayhsupd; Kd;dq;ff P hukpd;wp ngwy; MfhJ. nfhLg;gdT nra;ag;gLtJ kpif mwtPlb ; idr; rkhspj;jw;nghUl;L my;yJ cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUf;F cjTk; nghUl;lhapd; kpif mwtPlb ; id tpjpj;j mjpfhhpapd; ,irtpd;wp mj;jifa mq;ff P hunkhd;W toq;fg;glyhfhJ. 1:7 tpLKiwapy; cs;s ve;jNthh; cj;jpNahfj;jUk; nrayhshpd; mDkjpia Kd;$l;bNa ngwhky; ve;jnthU rk;gsk;; ngww;Fhpa gzpiaAk; Vw;ff; $lhJ. 1:8 nrayhsupd; mq;ff P huk; ngwg;gl;bUe;jhyd;wp cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtH ghlrhiynahd;wpd; Kfhikahsuhfg; gjtp tfpj;jw;F mDkjpf;fg;glhh;. 1:9 Mjd kjpg;gl P l ; hsnuhUtuhf epakdk; nra;ag;gLtjw;F murhq;f Nritiar; rhuhj epGzj;Jtk; tha;ej ; MnshUtiuf; fz;lwptJ rhj;jpankdpy;> mjw;fhf murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtiu ghpe;Jiu nra;jyhfhJ. mj;jifa epakdnkhd;wpw;F murhq;f NritapYs;s cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtiu ghpe;jiu nra;jhy; mth; Njh;en ; jLf;fg;gl;likf;fhd tpN\l fhuzq;fSk; Fwpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 1:10 cj;jpNahfj;jh; vtUk; jdJ murhq;ff; flikr; nraw;ghL njhlh;gpy; cs;s vj;jifa tplag;nghUl;Lk; jdpahh; Kftuhz;iknahd;iw Vw;wyhfhJ.

2. GJf; fz;Lgpbg;GfSk; Mf;fTupikAk;


2:1 murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jh; jdJ flikfis Mw;wpf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;w NghjpNyh my;yJ murhq;f Nritapy; <Lgl;likahy; ngw;w Njh;rr ; p Mw;wy; vd;gtw;Wld;> jdf;F mspf;fg;ngw;w trjpfs; vd;gtw;iwg; gad;gLj;jpf;nfhz;Nlh fz;Lgpbj;j Gjpa gilg;Gf;fs;kJ P murhq;fj;Jf;F cupikAz;L. 2:2 mj;jifa fz;Lgpbg;Gf;fs; gw;wp murhq;fj;Jf;F MNyhrid toq;Ftjw;fhf Mf;fTupik kjpAiuf; FOnthd;W Mf;fThpik cj;juT gw;wpa tplaj;Jf;Fg; nghWg;ghd mikr;rupdhy; epWtg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 2:2:1 Mf;fThpikf;Fg; nghWg;ghd mikr;rhpdhy;> mf;fz;Lgpbg;G njhlh;ghf mf;fiwAs;s xt;nthU tpQ;Qhdj;Jiwj; jpizf;fsk; rhh;ghd xt;Nthh; cWg;gpdh; tPjNkh my;yJ rpy cWg;gpdh;fs; tPjNkh fhyj;Jf;Ff;fhyk; epakpf;fg;gLfpd;w cWg;gpdh;fis ,t;thNyhridf;FO cs;slf;fpapUf;f Ntz;Lnkd;gNjhL> mf;FOtpd; jiytuhf Ntz;bath; nrhyprpl;lh; n[duy; Mthh;. 2:3 jdJ fz;Lgpbg;G rhh;gpy; ,yq;ifapNyh gpw ehl;bNyh Mf;fTupik ngw tpUk;Gfpd;w vj;jifa cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtuhapDk; mjw;fhd tpz;zg;gnkhd;iw Vw;Gila mjpfhupf;F mDg;Gjy; Ntz;Lk;. mt;tpz;zg;gj;jpd; gpujp xd;wpidj; jdJ jpizf;fsj; jiyth; %yk; nrayhsUf;F rkh;gg ; pj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 2:4 mikr;rpd; nrayhsh;> Mf;fTupik tplaj;Jf;Fg; nghWg;ghd mikr;rpd; nrayhsUf;F tpz;zg;gk; njhlh;ghd ghpe;Jiuia toq;Fjy; Ntz;Lk;. Mf;fThpik tplaj;Jf;Fg; nghWg;ghd mikr;rpd; nrayhsh;> kjpAiuf; FOtpidf; fye;jhNyhrpj;Jf; fz;Lgpbg;Gg; gw;wpAk; mjd; rhj;jpag;ghLfs; gw;wpAk; Muha;ej ; gpd;dh;> Mf;fTupikia NfhUfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F mspf;fj;jF cupikfs; gw;wpAk; mth;kJ P tpjpj;jw;Fupa epge;jidfs; gw;wpAk; KbT nra;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 2:4:1 ,e;j KbT tpzz ; g;gj;jpd; cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F mwptpf;fg;gLk;.
308

gpujp

fpilj;j

,U

khjq;fSf;Fs;

mj;jpahak; XXX

2:5 nrayhsupd; KbT fpilf;fg;ngWk;tiu> tpz;zg;gjhuupd; fz;Lgpbg;G rk;ge;jkhd cupikfs; ahTk; murhq;fj;Jf;Nf nrhe;jkhditahff; fUjg;gLk;. mj;Jld; murhq;fj;jpd; nghUl;L mtw;Wf;F mth; ek;gpf;ifg; nghWg;ghsuhfTk; fUjg;gLthh;. 2:6 Mf;fThpiknahd;wpy; toq;fg;gl Kbe;j cupikfspd; msTk;> mit njhlh;ghf mDkjpj;jw;Fupa tpjpfSk; gpd;tUk; tpjj;jpy; KbT nra;ag;gLk;. 2:6:1 cj;jpNahfj;jupd; Gjpa fz;Lgpbg;G> KOikahf mtuJ njhopNyhL my;yJ mYtyff; flikfNshL njhlh;GwhJ NtWgl;l jd;ikapy; mike;jnjdpy;> fz;Lgpbg;Gr; rhh;ghd fl;Lg;ghl;L cupikfs; midj;ijAk; KOikahf cilik nfhs;s cj;jpNahfj;jh; mDkjpf;fg;gLthh;. mq;qdk; KOf; fl;Lg;ghl;L cupik mDkjpf;fg;gl;Ls;stplj;J> Mf;fTupik ngWtJ rk;ge;jkhd nryTfs; midj;ijAk; cj;jpNahfj;jNu nghWg;Ngw;Wf; nfhs;Sjy; Ntz;Lk;. 2:6:2 Vida re;jh;gg ; q;fspy; kDjhuUf;F VNjDk; fl;Lg;ghl;L chpiknahd;iw itj;Jf; nfhs;s ,lkspf;fg;gLtJ gue;jstpyhd jw;Wzpnghd;iwg; gad;gLj;jp tpjpf;fg;gLfpd;w epge;jidfs; kw;Wk; kl;Lg;ghLfs; vd;gtw;wpw;Fl;gl;NlahFk;. fz;Lgpbg;ghsUf;fhd xU gFjp xJf;fpf; nfhLf;fg;glhky; mf;fz;Lgpbg;ig cgNahfpf;fpd;w Ntj;Jhpikia muR trk; itj;Jf; nfhs;fpd;w epge;jid my;yJ VNjDk; th;jj ; fg; gad;ghnlhd;W mjd; %yk; fpilf;fg;ngWkhapd;> mjd; xU gFjp muRf;Fhpj;jhfpd;w. Ntj;Jhpikia itj;Jf; nfhs;fpd;w epge;jid my;yJ Nkw;Fwpj;j ,Utifahd Ntj;JhpikfisAk; itj;Jf; nfhs;fpd;w epge;jid vd;gd mk;kl;Lg;ghl;LfSf;Fs; cs;slf;fg;gl KbAk;. 2:6:3 mjidj; njhlh;eJ ; xU jug;gpw;F cj;jpNahfj;jUk; mLj;j jug;gpw;F murhq;fj;jpd; rhh;gpy; nraw;gLfpd;w nrayhsUk; xUq;fpize;J mt;tpuz;L jug;Gk; jk;kpilNa itj;Jf; nfhs;sg; Nghfpd;w chpikfslq;fpa cld;gbf;ifg; gj;jpunkhd;iw vOjpf; ifnahg;gkply; Ntz;Lk;. 2:6:4 vt; tifahd fl;Lg;ghl;LupikAk; tpz;zg;gjhuUf;F toq;fg;gLtjpy;iynadj; jPhk ; hdpf;fg;gLkplj;J> cj;jpNahfj;jh;> Gjpa fz;Lgpbg;G njhlh;ghd midj;J cupikfisAk; mjd; mD$yq;fisAk; Kiwahf vOjpf; ifnahg;gkplg;gl;l Mtznkhd;wpd; %yk; murhq;fj;jpd; rhh;gpy; flikahw;Wfpd;w nrayhsUf;F ifaspj;Jtply; Ntz;Lk;. Mdhy; Gjpa fz;Lgpbg;G %yk; th;jj ; f uPjpahd gad;ghnlhd;W fpilf;Fkhapd; mjpy;; xU gFjp cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F toq;fg;glyhk;. mj;Jld; Mf;fTupik ngWtJ njhlh;ghf cs;s nryTfs; midj;ijAk; murhq;fk; Vw;Wf; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. 2:6:5 kl;Lg;gLj;jg;gl;l fl;Lg;ghl;Lupiknahd;W khj;jpuk; toq;fg;gl;Ls;stplj;J my;yJ ve;jnthU fl;Lg;ghl;LupikAk;; toq;fg;glhjtplj;J my;yJ murhq;fj;jpd; rhh;gpy; VNjDk;> cupik itj;Jf; nfhs;sg;gl;L ntWkNd th;jj ; f uPjpahd tUkhdj;jpd; xU gFjp khj;jpuk; tpz;zg;gjhuUf;Fg; gfph;T nra;ag;gl;Ls;stplj;J my;yJ fz;Lgpbg;ghsUf;fhd gFjpia toq;fhJ Gjpa fz;Lgpbg;igg; gad;gLj;Jk; Ntj;Jhpikia murhq;fk; itj;Jf; nfhs;fpd;w NghJ rd;khd mspg;nghd;iwf; NfhUtjw;F tpz;zg;gjhuUf;F chpj;Jz;L. 2:6:6 rd;khd mspg;G Nfhug;gl Ntz;baJ> jpizf;fsj; jiyt&lhf nrayhsUf;F rkh;g;gpf;ffg;gLfpd;w tpz;zg;gnkhd;wpd; tbtj;jpyhFk;. 2:6:7 rd;khd mspg;nghd;wpw;fhf Kd;itf;fg;gLfpd;w Nfhhpf;ifnahd;W njhlh;ghd nrayhw;wk; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLtJ> ,yq;ifapy; mKypYs;s Mf;fThpiknahd;W njhlh;ghd tpz;zg;gk; rk;ge;jkhapd; ( 152 Mk; mjpfhukhd) Mff;Thpikf; fl;lisr; rl;lj;jpd; 9 Mk; gphptpd; Vw;ghLfspd; fPo;
309

mj;jpahak; XXX

,yq;if Mf;fThpikg; gjpthshpdhy; KOikahd mstPLfs; Vw;wq;ff P hpf;fg;gl;ljd; gpd;dNuahFk;. ntspehnlhd;wpy; nry;Ygbahd Mf;fThpikr; rhd;wpjnohd;W njhlh;ghd tpz;zg;gg; gj;jpunkhd;W njhlH;ghapd;> cj;jpNahfj;jh; Mf;fThpikiag; ngw;Wf; nfhz;L mJ njhlh;ghd mtuJ midj;J chpikfisAk; my;yJ chpikfspd; xU gFjpiaAk; murhq;fj;jpd; rhh;gpy; flikahw;Wfpd;w nrayhsUf;Ff; ifaspj;jjd; gpd;duhFk;. 2:6:8 rd;khd mspg;Gr; nra;tjpy; fz;Lgpbg;Gr; rk;ge;jkhf Vw;gl;l epahakhd nryTfs; ahTk; fUj;jpw; nfhs;sg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. Mdhy;> mNj Nghd;W tpzz ; g;gfhuUf;F mDkjpf;fg;ngw;w th;jj ; f uPjpahd tUkhdg; gq;Ff;Fr; rkkhd njhif rd;khdj; njhifapdpd;Wk; gjpyPL nra;ag;gly; Ntz;Lk; my;yJ fopf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. vq;qdkhapDk;> vr;re;jHg;gj;jpYk; ,r;rd;khd mspg;G 200>000 &ghTf;F Nkw;glyhfhJ. 2:6:9 nfhLg;gjhfj; jPhk ; hdpf;fg;gl;l rd;khd mspg;G my;yJ th;jj ; ftifrhh; gad;ghLfspypUe;J cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F toq;fg;gLfpd;w gfph;T> nrayhshpd; tpUg;gj;jpd; Nghpy; my;yJ cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; Nfhhpf;ifapd; Nghpy; khw;wk; nra;ag;gl KbAk;. mt;thW nra;a KbtJ> mr;rd;khd mspg;G Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;l NghJ ,d;Nwy; ghfk; tpjpf;fg;gl;l NghJ epytpa epiyikfspy; fzprkhdsT khw;wq;fs; epfo;ej ; pUe;jhy; khj;jpuNkahFk;. Ke;jpa jPhk ; hdk; njhlh;ghf mj;jifa khw;wnkhd;iw Nkw;nfhs;fpd;wtplj;J rd;khdj;jpy; Vw;fdNt nfhLg;gdT nra;ag;gl;Ls;s njhif fopf;fg;glyhfhJ. 2:7 vtNuDNkhH cj;jpNahfj;jh; jdJ fz;Lgpbg;gpd; nghUl;L Mf;fTupik ngWjw;Ff; Fwpg;gpl;l xU epahakhd fhy vy;iyf;Fs; tpzz ; g;gpf;fj; jtwpd> ; ve;j mikr;rpid cj;jpNahfj;jh; rhhe;jtNuh mt;tikr;rpd; nrayhsh;> Mf;fTupik tplaj;Jf;Fg; nghWg;ghfTs;s mikr;rpdJ nrayhsupd; ,irTld; Mf;fTupikf;F tpz;zg;gQ; nra;AkhW cj;jpNahfj;jUf;Ff; fl;lisapLthh;. 2:7:1 mt;thW nra;ag;ngWk; tpz;zg;gk;rhh; nryTfs;> Kjy; re;jh;gg ; j;jpy; murhq;fj;jhy; Vw;Wf; nfhs;sg;gLk;. Mdhy; fz;Lgpbg;Gr; rhh;ghf> tpz;zg;gjhuUf;F KOf; fl;Lg;ghl;LupikAk; toq;fg;gLkplj;J> mj;jifa fl;Lg;ghl;LupikfSf;F th;jj ; fg; ngWkjp VJk; fpilahJ vd Mf;fTupik tplaj;jpw;Fg; nghWg;ghd nrayhsh; jpUg;jpailahjtplj;J> tpz;zg;gQ;rhh; nryTfs; ahtw;iwAk; cj;jpNahfj;jh; jpUg;gpr; nrYj;Jjy; Ntz;Lk;. Vida midj;J tplaq;fs; njhlh;ghfTk;> jd;Dila Njitf;fhf Mf;fThpiknahd;iwf; Nfhhp epw;fpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtUf;Fg; Nghd;Nw Mf;fThpiknahd;Wf;F tpz;zg;gpf;FkhW fl;lisapl;l cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtUf;Fk; Nkw;Fwpj;j cggphpTfspy; fhl;lg;gl;Ls;s tpjpfs; Vw;Giladthjy; Ntz;Lk;. 2:8 ,t;nthOq;F tpjpfSf;F khwhf ele;Jnfhs;fpd;w my;yJ cg gpupT 2:6:4 ,y; tpghpf;fg;gl;Ls;sthW> fz;Lgpbg;Gr; rhh;ghd fl;Lg;ghl;Lupikfis> nrayhsUf;Ff; ifaspj;jjd; gpd;dh;> fz;Lgpbg;Gr; rk;ge;jkhd jftnyhd;iw> Mtznkhd;iw> tiuglnkhd;iw my;yJ khjpupnahd;iw nfhLglyhfhj xUtUf;Ff; nfhLf;fpd;w ve;jNthh; cj;jpNahfj;jUk; gjtp ePff ; jz;ilidaspf;fj;jF Fw;wkpioj;j xUtuhfpd;whh;.

310

mj;jpahahk; XXXI
rq;fq;fspd; elhj;Jif> fUj;JntspaPlL ; cupikfisg; gpuNahfpj;jy;
1. mitfspy; cWg;Gupik
2.

3. murhq;ff; nfhs; nfhs;if my;yJ epUthf gw;wpf; fUj;Jj; njuptpj;jYk;> tpkh;rpj;jYk;

eltbf;iffs;

311

mj;jpahak; XXXI
rq;fq;fspd; elhj;Jif> fUj;JntspaPlL ; cupikfisg; gpuNahfpj;jy;
1. mitfspy; cWg;Gupik
1:1 mj;jpahak; XXXII ,d; 1:1 Mk; cg gpuptpd; gb murpay; cupikfisg; gpuNahfpf;f cupj;jpy;yhj cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtUf;F murpay; rq;fnkhd;wpy; my;yJ thpg;gzk; nrYj;JNthh; rq;fnkhd;wpy; my;yJ tupapWg;Nghh; rq;fnkhd;wpy; my;yJ mJNghd;w NtW rq;fnkhd;wpy; cWg;Gupik ngWjy; tpyf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. 1:2 nghyP]g ; ilapYk; rpiwr;rhiyapYk; gzpGhpfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUth; jtph;ej ; Nkw;Fwpj;j tFjpf;Fs; tUfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jH xUtUf;F> murpay; Nehf;fq;fs; mw;wJk;> ve;j murpay; fl;rpAlNdh my;yJ mikg;GlNdh NeubahfNth my;yJ kiwKfkhfNth njhlh;gw;wJkhd rq;fq;fis murhq;fj;jpd; tpNrl mq;ff P hunkhd;iwg; ngwhky; cUthf;fpf; nfhs;s KbAk;. 1:3 cg gpupT 1:2 ,d;gb cUthf;fg;gLfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jh; rq;fnkhd;W jk; cj;jpNahfj;jh;fs; rhh;ghf murhq;fj;jplk; Kiwg;ghLfs; nra;Ak; cupj;ijg; ngWtjw;F njhopw;rq;fg; gjpthsupdhy; (138Mk;; mj;jpahakhd) njhopy; rq;ff; fl;lisr; rl;lj;jpd; fPo; gjpTnra;ag;gl;bUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 1:4 murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtuy;yhj xU egUf;Fk; cWg;gpduhtjw;F mDkjpAs;sJk; njhopw;rq;ff; fl;lisr; rl;lj;jpd; fPo; gjpT nra;ag;gl;lJkhd ve;j njhopw;rq;fj;jpYk; cWg;gpduhtJ murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtUf;F tpyf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. 1970 Mk; Mz;bd; 24 Mk; ,yf;f njhopw; rq;fq;fs; (jpUj;j) rl;lj;jpdhy; jpUj;jg;gl;l njhopw;rq;ff; fl;lisr; rl;lj;jpd; Vw;ghL nra;ag;gl;Ls;sjw;fikatd;wp> murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;juy;yhj ve;jnthUtUk;> cj;jpNahfj;jh;fspd; ve;j epWtdj;jpdJk; Nghrfuhf my;yJ xU gjtp jhq;Fduhf epakpf;fg;glNth my;yJ cWg;gpduhf mDkjpf;fg;glNth $lhJ. 2.

2:1 xNu jpizf;fsj;ijr; Nrh;ej ; cj;jpNahfj;jh;fis cs;slf;fpathW; murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jHfshy; epWtg;gl;l mq;ff P upf;fg;gl;l rq;fnkhd;W vtNuDk; Xh; mjpfhupaplk; tplaq;fis Kd;itf;f tpUk;Gkhapd;> Neubahf mt;tjpfhupaplk; mt;tplaq;fis Kd;itf;fyhk;. mt;thW nra;fpd;w NghJ mjd; gpujpnahd;W jpizf;fsj; jiytUf;Fk; nrayhsUf;Fk; mDg;gg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. rq;f cWg;gpdh;fs; xNu mikr;rpd; fPOs;s jpizf;fsq;fspd; cj;jpNahfj;jh;fshftpUg;gpd; mt;tikr;rpd; nrayhsUf;F xU gpujp mDg;gg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. rq;fk;> xd;Wf;F Nkw;gl;l mikr;Rf;fisr; cWg;gpdh;fshff; nfhz;bUg;gpd; mg;gpujpahdJ nrayhsUf;F mDg;gg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. Nrh;ej ; cj;jpNahfj;jh;fis nghJ epUthf mikr;rpd;

rq;fj;jpy; cWg;ghz;ik tfpf;fpd;w midtUk; ,ize;j Nritfisr; Nrh;ej ; cj;jpNahfj;jh;fshapd;> mg;gpujpahdJ nghJ epUthf mikr;rpd; nrayhsUf;F mDg;gg;gly; Ntz;Lk;.

312

mj;jpahak; XXXI

2:2 murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUthpd; epakdk;> ,lkhw;wk;> gjtpePff ; k;> ; xOf;fhw;Wf; fl;Lg;ghL Mfpait njhlHghd vt;thtzKk; rq;fnkhd;wpdhy; mjpfhugPlnkhd;wpw;F mDg;gg;glyhfhJ.

3. murhq;ff; nfhs;if ffs; fs; my;yJ epUthf eltbf;iffs; gw;wpf; fUj;Jj; njuptpj;jYk;> tpkh;rpj;jYk;
3:1 mj;jpahak; XXXII ,d; gpufhuk; murpay; cupikfisg; gpuNahfpf;f cupj;Jg; ngwhj murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jh;fs; tpNrl chpikfisg; gpujpepjpj;Jtg; gLj;Jfpd;w rq;fq;fNshL rh;ri ; rf;Fupa mk;rq;fs; gw;wpf; fye;Jiuahb mtw;iwj; jPhj ; J ; itf;Fk; Nehf;fj;jpw;fhf jk; gjtp epiyapy; mjpfhukspf;fg;gl;bUe;jhyd;wp> ,yq;if murhq;fj;jpdJk; my;yJ NtW ve;ehl;L murhq;fj;jpdJk; ve;eltbf;if gw;wpAk; Muha;tjw;F xU nghJf; $l;lj;ijf; $l;lNth mt;thwhd $l;lj;jpy; Kf;fpa gq;if tfpf;fNth $lhJ. 3:2 mj;jifa murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUth; nra;jpg; gj;jphpiffSf;F fl;Liufs; vOjpNah my;yJ epUgh;fSf;Fg; Ngl;bfis mspj;Njh murhq;fj;ij my;yJ murhq;fj; jpizf;fsnkhd;iw tpkh;rpg;gjw;Nfh my;yJ flik rhh;ej ; my;yJ flik rhuhj kdf;Fiwfis (mjhtJ> jdJ flikfis epiwNtw;Wtjw;Fg; Nghjpa gjtpapdh; ,d;ik gw;wpa tpkh;rdq;fs; my;yJ Kiwg;ghLfs;> Nkyjpf epjp toq;fg;glhik njhlh;ghf jpiwNrhpf;F vjpuhf Kd;itf;fg;gLfpd;w tpkh;rdq;fs; Mjpad gfpuq;fg;gLj;Jtjw;Nfh gj;jpupif Clfj;;ijg; gad;gLj;jf; $lhJ. 3:3 vdpDk; murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jh;fspd; mq;ff P hpf;fg;gl;l VNjDnkhU rq;fj;jpidr; Nrh;ej ; murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtUf;F murpay; chpikfis mDgtpg;gjw;F chpik ,Ug;gpDk; ,y;yhtpbDk; mr;rq;fj;jpd; cWg;gpdh;fspd; Ntjdj;ij my;yJ Nrit epge;jidfisg; ghjpf;fj; jf;f ve;jNthh; mur nfhs;iff;Nfh my;yJ jPhk ; hdj;jpw;Nfh vjpuhf Ml;Nrgid njhptpf;fNth my;yJ mtw;iw tpkh;rpf;fNth KbAk; vdpDk;> mj;jifa Ml;Nrgid my;yJ tpkh;rdk; Fwpjj ; rq;fj;jpd; kdf;Fiw vjidAk; epth;jj ; p nra;jiy my;yJ rq;fj;jpd; rl;l hPjpahd chpikfisg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;siy Nehf;fkhff; nfhz;bUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. mj;jifa Ml;Nrgidapd; my;yJ tpkh;rdj;jpd; nkhopg; gpuNahfk; eLepiyahd ,fo;rr ; pj;jd;ikaw;wjhf mike;jpUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. ,ufrpaj; jfty;fs; vtw;iwAk; mJ ntspg;gLj;jf; $lhJ. 3:4 Xh; murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F ve;jNthh; my;yJ nray;Kiw gw;wpa jdJ Ml;Nrgidia gpd;tUtdtw;wpw;fpzq;fj; njuptpf;fyhk;@ xOf;fhw;W eltbf;if my;yJ fz;ldj;ijg;

mj;jifa Ml;Nrgidfs; my;yJ tpkh;rdq;fs;> gfpuq;fkhfj; njuptpf;fg;glhkypUf;fTk; mit gfpuq;fg;gLj;jg;gLtij jtph;gg ; jw;fhd chpa eltbf;iffis vLf;fTk; chpa cj;jpNahfj;jh; Mtd nra;jy; Ntz;Lk;. mj;jifa Ml;Nrgidfs; my;yJ tpkh;rdq;fs; ntspg;gLj;jg;gl Ntz;baJ chpa xOf;fhw;W eltbf;iff;F my;yJ nrad;Kiwf;F cl;gLj;jg;g ; l;Ls;s cj;jpNahfj;juhy; my;yJ mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jh; rl;l Kiwahd cWg;gpduhfTs;s mur cj;jpNahfj;jh;fspd; rq;fnkhd;wpy; gjtptfpf;fpd;w xUtuhy; khj;jpuNkahFk;. 3:5 vdpDk;> ve;jNthh; xOf;fhw;W tplaj;jpd; kPJk; mikr;ruitapdhy; jdf;fspf;fg;gl;l mjpfhuj;ijg; gpuNahfpf;fpd;w xOf;fhw;W mjpfhup> mt;tplak; gw;wp mJ rk;ge;jg;gl;l cj;jpNahfj;jUld; my;yJ mth; rhh;gpy; Kiwg;ghL nra;fpd;w ; ve;jr; rq;fj;JlDk; fbjj; njhlh;G itj;Jf; nfhs;Sk; flg;ghLilatuhfkhl;lhh;.
313

mj;jpahak; XXXII
murpay; cupikfis mDgtpj;jy;
1. murpay; cupikfis mDgtpf;f cupj;Jilatuy;yhj cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtu; kPjhd jilf jilfs; lfs;. 2. murpay; cupikfis mDgtpf;f cupj;Jila cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtu; nuhUtu; mtw;iwg; gpuNahfpj;jy;. 3. murpay; cupikfis mDgtpf;f cj;jpNahfj;jnuhU tUf;fhd ,lkhw;wk; rYiffs;. cupj;Jila njhlu;gpyhd

314

mj;jpahak; XXXII
murpay; cupikfis mDgtpj;jy;
1. murpay; cupikfis mDgtpf;f mYtynuhUtu; kPjhd jilfs jilfs; fs
1:1

cupj; cupj;Jilatuy; ilatuy;yhj

gpd;tUNthUf;F murpay; chpikfis mDgtpf;f chpj;Jf; fpilahJ. ePjpj;Jiw cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUth;; MAjg; gilr; Nritfspd; cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUth; nghyP]g ; il cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtUk; Fw;wtpay; eltbf;ifKiwr; rl;lf; Nfhitapd;gb nghyp]; flikfis epiwNtw;Wfpd;w Vida rkhjhd mYtyu;fSk; (c-k; fpuhk Nrit cj;jpNahfj;jh;fs;) (138Mk; mj;jpahakhd) njhopw; rq;fq;fs; fl;lisr; rl;lj;jpd; 20Mk; gpuptpy; tiutpyf;fzg;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;s rpiwr;rhiy cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUth; murhq;f NritapYs;s gjtpepiy cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtu; my;yJ Nkw;ghu;it cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtu;@ Nju;jy; jpizf;fsj;jpy; (ghuhSkd;w> cs;Suhl;rp Kjypa) Nritahw;Wfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtu; mtu; mjpy;; njhlu;eJ ; Nritahw;Wk; tiu

1:2 murpay; cupikfisg; gpuNahfpg;gjw;fhd cupj;jpy;yhj cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtUf;F rdhjpgjpj; Nju;jy;> ghuhSkd;wj; Nju;jy;> kf;fs; jPug ; G ; > khtl;l mgptpUj;jp rigj; Nju;jy; my;yJ mjpfhurigj; Nju;jy; vd;gtw;wpy; jdJ thf;fpidg; gpuNahfpg;gJ jtpu;ej ; Ntnwt;tpj murpay; eltbf;ifapYk; <Lgly; kw;Wk; Fwpg;ghf fPot ; Uk; tpjj;jpyhd nrad;Kiw vjidAk; Nkw;nfhs;sy; jilahFk;. ,jid kPWtJ gjtpePff ; k; nra;ag;glf; $ba jz;lidf;Fl;gl Ntz;ba Fw;wnkhd;whFk;. 1:2:1 cl;gpupT 1:2 ,y; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s Nju;jnyhd;wpy; gq;Fgw;Wjy;@ 1:2:2 cl;gpupT 1:2 ,y; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s VNjDk; Nju;jypy; Ntl;ghsnuhUtUf;F VNjDnkhU tpjj;jpy; cjtp Ghpjy;@ Nghl;bapLfpd;w

1:2:3 cl;gpupT 1:2 ,y; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s VNjDk; Nju;jypy; jhd; ngah; Fwpj;J epakdk; nra;ag;gLtjw;fhd ve;jnthU eltbf;ifiaAk; vLj;jy;. 1:3 vjpu;fhyj; Njjpnahd;wpy; Njh;jnyhd;wpy; Nghl;bapl tpUk;Gfpd;w vtNuDNkhh; cj;jpNahfj;jh; jdJ Ntl;ghz;ikia cWjpg;gLj;jpf; nfhs;tjw;fhf my;yJ mj;jifa Njh;jnyhd;wpy; jdf;F mD$ykhfth gpujp$ykhfthf epiyik fhzg;gLfpd;wnjd ghPlr ; pj;Jg; ghh;g;gjw;fhf rpw;rpy G+h;thq;f eltbf;iffisnaLf;f tpUk;gpdhy; mth; me;eltbf;if vjidAk; Nkw;nfhs;tjw;Nfh my;yJ kw;nwhUth; %yk; Mw;wpf; nfhs;tjw;Nfh Kd;dh; murhq;f Nritapy; jhd; tfpf;fpd;w gjtpapypUe;J Nfl;L tpyfpf; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. 1:4 Kw;Nghe;j cl;gpuptpy; jilnra;jYf;Fl;gl;l Xu; cj;jpNahfj;jh;> mt;thW jilnra;ag;gl;l VNjDk; eltbf;iffspy; jd; tho;fi ; fj; Jiz <Lglkhl;lhnud;gij cWjpg;gLj;Jtjw;Fk; nghWg;ghjy; Ntz;Lk;. cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtupd; tho;fi ; fj;Jiz me;eltbf;iffspy; <Lgbd; mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jh; ,g;gpuptpd; tpjpfis kPwpatuhff; fUjg;gLthu;.
315

mj;jpahak; XXXII

2. murpay; cupikfis mDgtpf;f cupj;Jilatuhd cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtH mtw;iw mDgtpj;jy;;


2:1 murpay; cupikfisg; gpuNahfpf;f cupj;Jilatuy;ynud 1:1 Mk; cl;gphptpd; fPo; ntspg;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;s tifapdu; jtpu;ej ; cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtu;> 2:2 Mk; cl;gphptpy; tiutpyf;fzg;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;sthW jd; murpay; cupikfis KOikahf mDgtpf;f KbAk;. 2:2 mj;jifa murhq;f murpay; cupikfshtd: cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtUf;F mDgtpf;f cupj;Jg;ngw;w

2:2:1 murpaw; fl;rpnahd;wpy; cWg;gpduhjy; kw;Wk; mf;fl;rp eltbf;iffspy; gq;Fgw;Wjy;: 2:2:2 murpay; jd;ikajhd tplankhd;iwg; gw;wp mgpg;gpuhak; njuptpj;jy;:c-k; murpay; tplaq;fs; njhlh;ghf gj;jpupiffSf;Ff; fbjk; vOJjy; my;yJ mj;jifa tplaq;fs; Muhag;gLfpd;w $l;lq;fspy; ciuahw;Wjy;@ mj;Jld; 2:2:3 rdhjpgjpj; mgptpUj;jp rigj; Nghl;baply;. 2:3 Nju;jy;> Nju;jy; ghuhSkd;wj; my;yJ Nju;jy;> kf;fs; mjpfhurigj; jPHg;G> khtl;l Nju;jnyhd;wpy;;

,t;Tupikfis mDgtpj;jy;> gpd;tUk; epge;jidfSf;F cl;gl;ljhFk;: ;

2:3:1 murpay; fl;rpnahd;wpd; Ntiyfspy; gq;Fgw;wy;> murpay; $l;lnkhd;wpy; ciuahw;wy; Kjypatw;wpw;fhd cupikfs; murhq;f mYtyfnuhUtUf;F toq;fg;gLtJ murhq;f Nritapy; mth; Mw;Wfpd;w NtiyfSf;F gq;fk; Vw;glhj epiyapy; khj;jpuNkahFk;. ; vy;yh NtisfspYk; murhq;f Nrit eltbf;iffSf;F Kd;Dhpik mspf;fg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. jpizf;fsj; jiythpdhy; murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUf;F mj;jifa murpay; eltbf;iffspy; gq;Fgw;Wtjw;fhf tpLKiw toq;fg;gl Ntz;baJ jdJ jw;WzpGf;fpzq;f Nritapd; mtru Njitg;ghLfl;Fl;gl;NlahFk;. 2:3:2 rdhjpgjpj; Nju;jnyhd;wpy;> ghuhSkd;w Nju;jnyhd;wpy;> khtl;l rigj; Nju;jnyhd;wpy; mgptpUj;jp rig Nju;jnyhd;wpy; my;yJ cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtu; Ntl;ghsnuhUtuhf Nghl;bapl vjph;ghh;gg ; jhapd; jd; cj;Njrk; gw;wp epakdj; Njjpf;F Fiwe;jgl;rk; gj;J ehl;fSf;F Kd;duhtJ jdJ jpizf;fsj; jiytUf;F vOj;J %yk; mwptpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. mtUf;F epakdj;Njjpf;F xU thuj;jpw;F Kd;du; njhlf;fk; Nju;jy; Njjptiuahd fhyj;jpw;F rk;gskw;w yPT toq;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. murpay; cupikfSf;F chpj;JilatUk; mj;jifa Nju;jypy; Nghl;bapLfpd;wtUkhd cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtu; mj;jifa yPT Nfhug;gLfpd;w Mz;by; mtUf;FhpaJk; ,Jtiu gad;gLj;jg;glhjJkhd rhjhuz yPTfspUg;gpd; mtw;iwg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s mDkjpf;fg;gLthu;. 2:3:3 mtu; ghuhSkd;wj;jpd; cWg;gpdnuhUtuhfj; Nju;en ; jLf;fg;gl;lhy; mj;jifa Nju;jy; NjjpapypUe;J mth; murhq;f Nritapy; jhd; tfpj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;w gjtpapypUe;J Nfl;L tpyFkhW gzpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;;. 2:3:4 mtu; rignahd;wpd; cWg;gpduhfj; njupT nra;ag;gl;lhy; mtu; murhq;f Nritapy; jhd; tfpj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;j gjtpapypUe;J tpyFkhW Njitg;gLj;jg;glkhl;lhu;. Mdhy;> Nritapd; mtrufhy epiyikfSf;fika rigf; $l;lq;fspw; gq;Fgw;Wtjw;F KOr; rk;gsj;Jld; $ba yPT mtUf;F toq;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;.
316

mj;jpahak; XXXII

2:4 VNjDk; murhq;f fl;llj;jpy; my;yJ NtW murhq;f Ntiyj;jsj;jpy; murpay; $l;lk; vJTk; elhj;jg;glyhfhJ. vt;thwhapDk; murhq;ff; fl;blnkhd;wpy; my;yJ NtW murhq;f Ntiyj;jsj;jpy; jpizf;fsj; jiytupd; mDkjpAld; toikahd Ntiy Neuj;jpNyh my;yJ mjw;Fg; Gwk;ghd Neuj;jpNyh njhopw;rq;f $l;lnkhd;W elhj;jg;gLtij ,t;nthOq;Ftpjp jil nra;akhl;lhJ. MapDk; mt;tDkjp toq;fg;gLtJ> mf;$l;lj;jpy; Fwpj;j njhopw;rq;f cWg;gpdu; my;yhj MnstUk; gpurd;dkhfhtplj;J khj;jpuNkahFk;. 2:5 VNjDk; murhq;f mYtyfnkhd;wpw;Fs; my;yJ NtW murhq;f epWtdnkhd;wpw;Fs; ve;j murpay; fl;rpf;Fk; thf;Ffis ,ue;J Nfl;f mDkjp toq;fg;glkhl;lhJ. VNjDk; murhq;f mYtyfnkhd;wpw;Fs; my;yJ murhq;fj;jpd; NtnwhU epWtdj;jpw;Fs; murpay; gpuRuq;fs; kw;Wk; Jz;Lg;gpuRuq;fs; vd;gtw;iwg; gfph;ej ; spf;ff; $lhJ. mNj Nghd;W murpay; Kf;fpaj;Jtk; tha;ej ; mwptpj;jy;fs;> Vida rpd;dq;fs; vd;gd murhq;f mYtyfnkhd;wpw;Fs; my;yJ murhq;fj;jpd; NtNwJk; epWtdnkhd;wpw;Fs; fhl;rpg;glj;jg;glf;$lhJ.

3. murpay; mDgtpf;f cupj;Jila cupikfis cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtUf;fhd ,lkhw;wk; njhlu;ghd rYiffs;


3:1 murpay; cupikfis mDgtpf;f cupj;Jila cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtu; cl;gpupT 3:2 ,y; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s VNjDk; gjtpnahd;iw mq;ff P upf;fg;gl;l murpay; fl;rp xd;wpd; kj;jpa nraw;FOtpy; tfpg;ghuhapd;> kj;jpa nraw;FOtpd; jiyik mYtyfk; mike;Js;s ,lj;jpw;F mz;ikapYs;s mYtyfnkhd;wpy; Nritahw;Wk; rYif mtUf;F toq;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. mtu; tof;fkhd ,lkhw;w tpjpfSf;F cl;glTk; khl;lhu;. 3:2 mtUf;F ,r;rYif chpj;jhf Ntz;Lkhapd; mth; fPot ; Uk; gjtpnahd;iw tfpf;fpd;w xUtuhftpUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. jiytu;> cg jiytu;> nrayhsu;> cg nrayhsu;> nghUshsu;. 3:3 ,r;rYifiag; ngw;Ws;s cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUth; nraw;FOtpy; jhd; tfpf;fpd;w gjtpia tfpf;fhnjhope;jhy; my;yJ Xu; cau; gjtpf;F> tFg;gpw;F my;yJ juj;jpw;F gjtp cah;jj ; g;gl;lhy;; toikahd ,lkhw;w rl;l tpjpfSf;F cl;gLthh;. 3:4 vg;nghOJk; ,r;rYif toq;fg;gl Ntz;baJ nghJthd jpizf;fsj; Njitg;ghLfs; kw;Wk; xOf;fhw;W rl;ltpjpfs; vd;gtw;wpw;Fl;gl;l tifapyhFk;. 3:5 ,r;rYifiag; ngw tpUk;Gfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUth; gpd;tUtd cs;slf;fg;gl;l tpz;zg;gnkhd;iw jpizf;fsj; jiytUf;F rkh;gg ; pj;jy; Ntz;Lk;:kj;jpa nraw; FOtpy; jhd; tfpf;fpd;w gjtpapd; ngau;@ murpay; fl;rpapd; ngaUk; KfthpAk; kw;Wk; jhd;; Nritahw;w tpUk;Gfpd;w Nrit epiyak;. 3:6 NtWtifapy; Vw;ghL nra;ag;gl;bUe;jhNynahopa mq;ff P upf;fg;gl;l murpay; fl;rp vd;gJ Nju;jy; Mizahsuhy; mq;ff P upf;fg;gl;l mj;jifathwhd Xu; murpay; fl;rpahFk;. 3:7 murpay; cupikfis mDgtpf;f cupj;Jila cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtu; cs;@uhl;rp rigapd; cWg;gpdnuhUtuhfj; Nju;en ; jLf;fg;gl;lhy; Nritapd; mtru fhyj; Njitg;ghLfs; kw;Wk; xOf;fhw;W rl;ltpjpfs; vd;gtw;wpw;Fl;gl;L> mth;
317

mj;jpahak; XXXII

gpujpepjpjJ ; tg;gLj;Jfpd;w mjpfhu rigapd; mYtyfj;jpw;F mz;kpj;jjhd Nrit epiyankhd;wpy; gzpahw;Wk; rYif mtUf;fspf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. mtH rigapd; cWg;gpdnuhUtuhf njhlu;ej ; pUf;fpd;wtiu toikahd ,lkhw;w tpjpfSf;F cl;glkhl;lhh;.

318

mj;jpahak; XXXIII
rl;l kjpAiuAk; kjpAiuAk; rl;l eltbf;iffSk;
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. rl;lkh mjpghpd;; kjpAiu my;yJ MNyhrid MNyhrid rl;l tiuG tiuG Jizr; rl;lk; k; murhq;fk; tof;fply; fply; murhq;fj;Jf;F vjpuhf tof;nfhd;wpd; vjph;thjk; gjtp epiyapy;; murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtUf;F vjpuhfj; njhLf; njhLf;fg;gl;Ls;s tof;nfhd;wpd; vjph;thjk; murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUth;; tof;nfhd;iwj; njhLj;jy;. jdpg;gl;l uPjpapy;

319

mj;jpahak; XXXIII
rl;l kjpAiuAk; rl;l eltbf;iffSk;
1. rl;lkh lkh mjpghpd;; kjpAiu my;yJ MNyhrid
1:1 rl;lkh mjpghplk; kjpAiu my;yJ MNyhrid NfhUfpd;w NghJ mt;thW kjpAiu my;yJ MNyhrid Nfhug;gLtJ vd;d tplak; njhlh;ghfntd njspthff; Fwpg;gply; Ntz;Lk;. chpa tplak; njhlh;ghd G+uz tplaq;fslq;fpa epfo;T ntspg;gLj;Jifnahd;iwAk; mtUf;F mDg;gp itj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. mj;NjhL mYtyff; Nfhitnahd;W rkh;gg ; pf;fg;gbd; mjd; chpa gf;fq;fspy; njhlh;G tpguq;fSk; Fwpg;gplg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. mjpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s tplak; njhlh;ghf Kd;Gk; rl;lkh mjpghplk; mgpg;gpuhak; tpdtg;gl;bUg;gpd;; mJ njhlh;ghf mth; ntspapl;l mgpg;gpuhak; gw;wpa njhlh;gpidAk;; Fwpg;gply; Ntz;Lk;. 1:2 fUJNfhshd NfhuyhJ. tplaq;fspy; rl;lkh mjpghplkpUe;J MNyhridfisf; vOe;Js;s rl;lq;fspd;

1:3 jPhk ; hdnkhd;wpid vLg;gjw;fhf cz;ikapNyNa gpur;rpidnahd;Wf;Fhpa tplak; njhlh;ghftd;wp> fl;lisr; nghUs;Nfhly;gw;wp rl;lkh mjpghplk; kjpAiu Nfhuf;$lhJ.

1:4 jFjp tha;ej ; mjpfhupfspd; mDkjpiag; ngwhj epge;jidfis cs;slf;fpa xg;ge;jq;fspdJk; Fj;jif cWjpfspdJk; my;yJ NtW rl;l Mtzq;fspdJk; tiutpid mq;ff P upf;FkhW rl;lkh mjpghplk; Nfhuf;$lhJ. xg;ge;j cld;gbf;iffs;> Fj;jif cWjpfs; my;yJ NtW rl;l Mtzq;fs; vd;gtw;wpd; tiutpidf; Nfhhp mDg;gg;gLfpd;w midj;J Nfhhpf;iffSlDk; jifik tha;ej ; mjpfhhp mq;ff P upj;j epge;jidfisAk; Vw;ghLfisAk; gw;wpa KOikahd $w;nwhd;W (,izg; gpujpfspy;) mDg;gg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 1:4:1 tUkhd tupfs;> gpw tupfs; mj;Jld; Rq;fj; jPhi ; t vd;gtw;wpypUe;J tpyf;fspj;jNyhL njhlh;Gw;w tplaq;fSf;Fupa gpupTfs; cs;slf;fg;gl;l tiuT xg;ge;jnkhd;wpd;> Fj;jif cWjpnahd;wpd; my;yJ NtW rl;l Mtznkhd;wpd; efy; mq;ff P huj;Jf;fhf rl;lkh mjpghplk; rkh;gg ; pf;fg;gLtjw;F Kd;dh; mJ epjp> jpl;lkply; mikr;rpd; nrayhsupdhy; mq;ff P upf;fg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. 1:5 murhq;fj;jpdhy; jPhk ; hdnkhd;nwLf;fg;gl Ntz;Lnkd epajpr; rl;lnkhd;w ; pdhNyh my;yJ NtnwhU tpjj;jpNyh tpjpf;fg;gl;bUe;jhNynahopa> epWtdnkhd;NwhL my;yJ murhq;f $l;Lj;jhgdnkhd;NwhL njhlh;Gila VNjDnkhU jdpg;gl;l tplak; rk;ge;jkhf rl;lkh mjpghplkpUe;J MNyhrid Nfhuf;$lhJ. 1:6 tiutpy; ,Uf;Fk; rl;lk; gw;wpr; rl;lkh mjpghplkpUe;J MNyhrid Nfl;fyhfhJ. vdpDk;> tpjpf;fg;glTs;s rl;lnkhd;wpd; mbg;gilr; rl;l tpjpfs; njhlh;ghf mth; kjpAiu toq;Fthh;. 1:7 rl;lkh mjpghplkpUe;J ngwg;gl;l rl;l kjpAiunahd;iw mtuJ vOj;J %y epWtdnkhd;wpw;Nfh murhq;f Kd;dq;ff P huj;ijg; ngw;whyd;wp> $l;Lj;jhgdnkhd;wpw;Nfh jdpahh; jhgdnkhd;wpw;Nfh vr;re;jh;gg ; j;jpYk; njuptpj;jyhfhJ.
320

mj;jpahak; XXXIII

2. rl;lk; tiuG
2:1 rl;ltiunghd;iwj; jahupj;jDg;GkhW NfhUfpd;w vy;yhr; re;jh;gg ; q;fspYk;> mt;tiuiGj; jahupg;gjw;F rl;l tiuQUf;F topfhl;Ltjw;fhf> mJnjhlHghd ,ad;wsT KOikahd mwpTWj;jy;fs; mlq;fpa epUgnkhd;iwAk; mj;jifa Ntz;LNfhSld; mDg;Gjy; Ntz;Lk;. 2:2 mikr;ruit murhq;fj;jpd; rl;lthf;f epfo;rr ; pj; jpl;lj;ijAk; mr; rl;lq;fs; rkh;g;gpf;fg;gl Ntz;ba Ke;Jhpik xOq;ifAk;; jPhk ; hdpj;jjd; gpd;dh; mikr;ruitr; nrayhsh; mikr;ruitapd; KbTfis xt;nthU nrayhsUf;Fk; murhq;fr; rl;ltiuQUf;Fk; mwptpf;Fk; nghUl;L mtw;iw mtHfSf;F mDg;gp itg;ghH. Ke;Jhpik xOq;fpy; khw;wNkJk; mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jh;fSf;F mwptpg;ghh;. 2:3 Vw;gbd; mJ gw;wpAk; nrayhsh;

VNjDk; epajpr; rl;lnkhd;iw tiuAkhW rl;l tiuQiuf; Nfhu KbtJ>

me;epajpr; rl;lk; cj;Njr epfo;rr ; pj; jpl;lj;jpy; cs;slf;fg;gl;bUg;gpd; my;yJ mj;jpahtrpa epiyik fhuzkhf mf;Nfhhpf;ifia rdhjpgjpath;fs; mq;ff P hpj;JkpUg;gpd; my;yJ mikr;ruit jPhk ; hdpf;f Ntz;ba ve;jnthU nfhs;if hPjpahd gpur;rpidNahLk; njhlh;Gglhj jpUj;jnkhd;W VNjDnkhU fl;lisr; rl;lj;jpw;F my;yJ epajpr; rl;lj;jpw;Ff; nfhz;L tug;gLtJ mr;rl;lj;jpd; Fwpf;NfhshftpUg;gpd; khj;jpuNkahFk;. tiuG kNrhjh rhh; Ntz;LNfhs; ahTk; mt;Ntz;LNfhis tpLf;fpd;w mikr;rpd; mDg;gg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. ePjp mikr;rpd; nrayhs&lhf> nrayhsuhy;> rl;ltiuQUf;F

VNjDnkhU rl;ltiuGf;F NtNwhh; mikr;rpd; my;yJ Xh; mikr;rpd; fPo; Fwpj;njhJf;fg;glhj jpizf;fsnkhd;wpd; tplaq;fs; my;yJ gzpfs; njhlh;GWkhapd; Fwpj;j Ntz;LNfhSf;F jhd; ,zq;Ftjhff; $Wfpd;w mt;tikr;rpdJ nrayhshpd; my;yJ mj;jpizf;fsj; jiythpd;> rhd;wpjnohd;W cs;slf;fg;gl;bUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.

3. Jizr; rl;lk;
3:1 ,g;gpuptpd; Nehf;fq;fSf;fhf 3:2 Jizr; rl;lk; vDk; gjk; xOq;F tpjpnahd;iw gpukhznkhd;iw Jiz tpjpnahd;iw gpufldnkhd;iw fl;lisnahd;iw kw;Wk; rl;ltjpfhuk;; nfhz;l mwptpj;jnyhd;iw cs;slf;fpapUf;Fk;. 3:3 mikr;nrhd;wpw;F my;yJ gpw mjpfhu rignahd;wpw;F Njitg;gLfpd;w VNjDk; Jizr; rl;lnkhd;wpd; tiuT jahupf;fg;gl Ntz;baJ me;j mikr;rpdhy; my;yJ mjpfhu rigapdhy; MFk;. 3:4 VNjDk; mikr;nrhd;wpdhy; my;yJ gpw mjpfhu rignahd;wpdhy; jahupf;fg;gLfpd;w VNjDk; Jizr; rl;lnkhd;W kPsha;T nra;ag;gLtjw;fhf rl;ltiuQUf;F mDg;gg;gl Ntz;baJ> mj;Jizr; rl;l tiuG rl;ltiuQupdhy; Kd;G jpUj;jk; nra;ag;gl;l> ,jw;Fr; rkkhd my;yJ xj;jpaYk; tpjj;jpYs;s Jizr; rl;lnkhd;wpid khjpupahf cgNahfg;gLj;jpj; jahupf;fg;gl;lnjhd;whf ,y;yhjpUe;jhy; khj;jpuNkahFk;. 3:5 VNjDnkhU Jizr; rl;l tiuG kPsha;Tf;fhf rl;l tiuQUf;F mDg;gg;glTs;s NghJ mt;tiuG fPot ; Uk; tpjpKiwfSf;Fl;gl;bUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.
321

mj;jpahak; XXXIII

,izg; gpujpfspy; fhzg;gly; Ntz;Lk;@ mr;rplg;gl;L my;yJ jl;lr;rplg;gl;bUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;@ jl;lr;rplg;gl;bUg;gpd; kPsha;tpd;NghJ jpUj;jq;fis vOJtjw;fhf tiugpd; tupfSf;fpilapy; NghjpasT ,ilntsp fhzg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. mj;jifa Jizr; rl;lnkhd;W njhlh;ghf VNjDnkhU rl;lg; gpur;rpid gw;wp rl;lkhmjpghpd; MNyhrid ngwg;gl;bUg;gpd; rl;lkh mjpghpd; mt;thNyhrid mlq;fpa fbjj;jpd; gpujpnahd;iwAk; mt;thNyhrid Nfhug;gl;l fbjj;jpd; gpujpnahd;iwAk; ,izj;J mDg;Gjy; Ntz;Lk;. (Jizr; rl;lq;fisj; jahh; nra;ifapy; gad;gLj;jpf; nfhs;s Kbe;j khjpupfs; njhlh;ghd jfty;fis murhq;fj;jhy; gpuRupf;fg;gl;Lfpd;w gpufldq;fs; Kjypad mlq;fpa tUlhe;j #rpapypUe;J ngw;Wf; nfhs;syhk;).
rignahd;wpw;F (mjhtJ khefu rig> efurig Kjypad) 3:6 Njitahd VNjDk; Jizr; rl;lnkhd;W> rl;l tiuQuhy; kPsha;T nra;ag;gLtJ> rl;lnkhd;whf khw Kd;dh; mjw;F rdhjpgjpapd; my;yJ mikr;rupdJ mq;ff P huk; ngwg;gl Ntz;bapUe;jhy; khj;jpuNkahFk;. mj;jifa Jizr; rl;lnkhd;iw kPsha;T nra;AkhW 3:3 Mk; cg gpuptpd; fPo; rl;ltiuQhplk; Nfhu Ntz;batplj;J> ,g;gphptpw;F mikthf mt;Ntz;LNfhs; tpLf;fg;gl Ntz;baJ cs;@uhl;rp MizahshpdhyhFk;.

4. murhq;fk; tof;fply; fply;.


4:1 jpizf;fsj; jiyth; xUth; murhq;fj;jpd; rhh;gpy; tof;nfhd;iw njhLf;f cj;Njrpf;Fkplj;J mth; rl;lkh mjpgUf;F tpz;zg;gk; nra;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 4:2 mtrukhf epiwNtw;wg;gl Ntz;bAs;sik fhuzkhfr; rl;lkh mjpgUf;F mwptpf;f Neukpy;yhjtplj;J murhq;fg; gzpfspyPLgLfpd;w jdJ khtl;lj;jpYs;s tof;fwpQnuhUthpd; Nritia murhq;f mjpgnuhUtUf;Fg; ngw KbAk;. MapDk; mt;thW nra;jw;F fPot ; Uk; epge;jidfs; G+Hj;jp nra;ag;gly; Ntz;Lk;. mt;tof;fwpQhpd; fl;lzj;ij nrYj;Jtjw;Fj; Njitahd epjp fhzg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. ; ve;j tof;F my;yJ tplak; rk;ge;jkhf mt;tof;fwpQupd; Nritia ngw;Wf; nfhs;s Vw;ghL nra;ag;glLs;sNjh mt;tof;F my;yJ tplak; mw;gkhd xd;whf ,uhJ mJ murhq;fj;NjhL; NeubahdJk; NghjpasthdJkhd njhlh;G nfhz;l xd;whf mike;jpUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. mJ> rl;lkh mjpgiu xU jpwj;jtuhff; nfhs;shj xd;whftpUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. mNj Nghd;W jdf;F tUthdnkhd;iwj; jUfpd;w murrhh;Gs;s epWtdk; xd;wpdhy; me;epWtdj;jpd; nrytpy; ep&gpf;fg;gl Ntz;ba my;yJ thjplg;gl Ntz;ba tof;nfhd;whfNth my;yJ tplankhd;whfNth ,Uj;jyhfhJ. 4:3 Fw;wtpay; tof;nfhd;iwj; njhLg;gjw;F Kd;dh;> murhq;fj;jpd; mDkjp Ntz;lg;gLkplj;J mt;tq;ff P huk; ngWjw; nghUl;lhd Nfhhpf;if rl;lkh mjpg&lhfNt rkh;g;gpf;fg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. 4:4 rptpy; my;yJ Fw;wtpay; tof;nfhd;iwj; njhLg;gjw;fhf my;yJ VNjDk; tof;nfhd;W rhh;ghf rkh;g;gpf;fg;gl Ntz;ba Fw;wr;rhl;Lf;fs; rk;ge;jkhf MNyhrid ngw;Wf;nfhs;tjw;fhf my;yJ Kiwg;ghl;nlhd;iw newpg;gLj;Jtjw;fhf my;yJ tof;nfhd;wpy; Njhd;Wtjw;fhf cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtiu tpLtpj;Jf; nfhs;tjw;fhfr; rl;lkh mjpghplk; Nfhupf;if tpLf;fg;gLk;NghJ gpd;tUk; Mtzq;fs; ,izg; gpujpfspy; mDg;gg;gly; Ntz;Lk;.

322

mj;jpahak; XXXIII

m.

tof;Ff;Fupa tplaq;fs; njhlh;gpyhd tpupthd $w;nwhd;W.

M. tof;fpw;F mbg;gilahf cs;s rhl;rpaq;fis toq;fTs;s rhl;rpfspd; ngahg;; gl;bay; ,. tof;fpw;Fupa vy;yh Mtzq;fspdJk; gl;banyhd;Wk; xt;Nthh; Mtzj;jpdJk; gpujpfs; ,uz;L tPjKk;@ rhl;rpfspd; $w;Wf;fs;. <. kUj;Jt cj;jpNahfj;jh;fs;>murhq;f ,urhadg; gFg;gha;thsh;fs;> Iaj;jpw;Fhpa Mtzq;fs; njhlHghd murhq;fg; guPlr ; fh;> tpuy; milahsg; gjpthsh; Nghd;w tpNrl epGzj;Jt rhl;rpfspd; ngah; gl;banyhd;W> mth;fspd; mwpf;iffspd; gpujpfSld;.

4:5 VNjDnkhU jpizf;fsj;jpdhy;; njhLf;fg;gl;l tof;nfhd;wpy; ePjthd; xUth; my;yJ Kjdpiy ePjpkd;wnkhd;wpd; ePjpgjp xUth; vjpuhsp Fw;wkw;wth; vd toq;fpAs;s jPhg ; G ; gpioahdnjd my;yJ ePjthd; xUth; my;yJ Kjdpiy ePjpkd;w ePjpgjpnahUth; tpjpjj ; jz;lid Nghjpajhdjy;yntd mj;jpizf;fsk; fUJkplj;J> mJgw;wp jpizf;fsj; jiyth; cldbahfr; rl;lkh mjpgUf;F mwptpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. vdpDk; rl;lkh mjpgh; nghUj;jkhdnjdf; fUJkplj;J> mj;jifa jPhg ; n ; ghd;Wf;F vjpuhf Nkd;KiwaPnlhd;iw Nkd;KiwaPlL ; ePjpkd;wj;jpw;Fr; rkh;gg ; pf;fyhk;. tof;F tprhuiz njhlh;ghd rhd;WWjpg;gLj;jg;gl;l my;yJ gpwtif gpujpnahd;iwg; ngw;wpUe;jhy; mjidAk; rl;lkh mjpgUf;F mDg;Gjy; Ntz;Lk;.

5. murhq;fj;jpw;F vjpuhd tof;nfhd; nfhd;wpd; vjpht ; hjk;


5:1 murhq;fj;jpw;F vjpuhd tof;nfhd;W njhLf;fg;gl;Ls;snjd;w mwptpj;jnyhd;W jpizf;fsj; jiytnuhUtUf;F my;yJ gpw cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUf;Ff; ifaspf;fg;gl;Ls;s re;jh;gg ; nkhd;wpy;> mth; mJgw;wp cldbahf rl;ljkh mjpgUf;F mwptpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. Fwpj;j tplak; gw;wpa midj;J tpguq;fSklq;fpa ntspg;gLj;Jifnahd;iwAk; mjNdhL njhlh;Gila vOj;Jf; Nfhg;gpd; gf;fq;fSf;Fhpa njhlh;Gfis tpsf;fpf; fhl;b epw;fpd;w Fwpj;j jpizf;fsj;jpd; vOj;Jf; Nfhg;gpidAk; rl;lkh mjpgUf;F mDg;gp itj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 5:2 jpizf;fsj; jiyth; tof;F eltbf;ifapd; vjph;thjj;Jf;F Ntz;lg;gLfpd;w rfy jfty;fisAk; rl;lkh mjpgUf;Fr; rkh;gg ; pj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.

6. gjtp epiyapy; murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtUf;Ff;nfjpuhfj; njhLf;fg;gl;Ls;s tof;nfhd;wpd; vjph;thjk;


6:1 jpizf;fsj; jiyth; xUth;> mtupd; gjtp epiyapy; Nkw;nfhz;ljhff; $wg;gLfpd;w xU nray; njhlh;gpyhd rptpy; tof;nfhd;Wf;fhd mwptpjj ; nyhd;iwg; ngWthuhapd;> mth; jhkjkpd;wp rl;lkh mjpghpd; MNyhridia tpdTjy; Ntz;Lk;. mt;thW nra;ifapy; Fwpj;j mwptpj;jiyAk;> chpa jpizf;fsf; Nfhg;gpidAk;> tof;F njhLf;fg;gl;Ls;sik gw;wp fpilf;fg;ngw;Ws;s mwptpj;jiyAk; mDg;Gjy; Ntz;Lk;. mt;tof;fpd; vjph;thjj;ijj; jhd; Nkw;nfhs;s Ntz;Lnkd rl;lkh mjpgh; mgpg;gpuhag;gLthnudpd;> mt; tof;fpd; vjph;thjpahd mt;turhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jUf;Fg; gjpyhfj; jd;idg; ngah; Fwpf;FkhW rl;lkh mjpgH kd;Wf;F tpz;zg;gpg;ghh;. mt;thwpd;Nwy; #o;epiyf;Nfw;g mt;tof;Fj; njhlh;ghfj; Njhd;wp vjph;thjj;ij Kd;itg;gjw;F eltbf;if vLg;ghh;. 6:2 jpizf;fsj; jiytuy;yhj Xh; cj;jpNahfj;jh;> mtupd; gjtp epiyapy; Nkw;nfhz;ljhff; $wg;gLfpd;w> xUnray; njhlh;gpyhd rptpy; tof;nfhd;Wf;fhf mwptpj;jnyhd;iwg; ngWthuhapd;> mth; cldbahf jdJ jpizf;fsj; jiytUf;F
323

mj;jpahak; XXXIII

mJ gw;wp njuptpjj ; y; Ntz;Lk;. mg;NghJ jpizf;fsj; jiyth;> 6:1 Mk; cg ghptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sthW rl;lkh mjpghplkpUe;J MNyhrid ngw;Wf; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jH rhHgpy; tof;Ff;fhd vjph;thjj;ijj; jhd; Nkw;nfhs;s Ntz;Lnkd rl;lkh mjpgh; mgpg;gpuhag;gLthnudpy;> mt;tof;fpd; vjph;jj ; ug;Gf; fl;rpahf jd;idg; ngah; Fwpf;FkhW kd;Wf;F tpz;zg;gpg;gjw;Nfh my;yJ #o;epiyf;Nfw;g mt;tof;F njhlh;ghfj; Njhd;wp vjph; thjj;ij Kd;itg;gjw;Nfh eltbf;if vLg;ghh;. 6:3 Nkw;Fwpj;j ,uz;L re;jh;gg ; q;fspYk; vr;re;jh;gg ; j;jpyhapDk; tof;fpd; vjph;thjj;ijj; jhd; Nkw;nfhs;s Ntz;bajpy;iynadr; rl;lkh mjpgh; mgpg;gpuhag;gLthnudpy;> Fwpj;j Mtzq;fis jdJ mgpg;gpuhaj;Jf;Fupa fhuzq;fSld;> ePjp mikr;rUf;F mDg;gp itj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 6:4 murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtUf;nfjpuhfj; njhFf;fg;gl;Ls;s rptpy; tof;nfhd;wpw;fhd vjph;thjj;ij rl;lkh mjpgh; Nkw;nfhs;s tpUk;ghtplj;J> jdJ vjph;thjj;jpw;F jdJ rl;lthjpf@lhf xOq;Ffis Nkw;nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F mtrpakhapd;> XI Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; fPo; jdJ tof;Fr; nryT kPsspg;Gf;fhfNth my;yJ ,r;nryTfspd; nghUl;L Kw;gzk; ngwNth tpz;zg;gpf;fyhk;. 6:5 cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth; jdJ gjtp epiyapy; Nkw;nfhz;ljhff; $wg;gLfpd;w nray; njhlh;ghf mtUf;F vjpuhff; Fw;wtpay; tof;nfhd;W njhLf;fg;gLkplj;J mth; jdJ vjpH thjj;jpw;F jdJ rl;lthjpf@lhf xOq;Ffis Nkw;nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. tof;F Kbtile;jjd; gpd;dh;> Vw;gl;l nryT kPsspg;Gf;fhf XI Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; fPo; Nfhhpf;ifnahd;iw Kd;itf;fyhk;. 6:6 murpayikg;gpd; 126 Mk; cWg;Giuapd; fPo; mbg;gil cupikfis eilKiwg;gLj;Jtjw;fhf jhf;fy; nra;ag;gLfpd;w tof;F tprhuiznahd;wpy;> rpj;jputij my;yJ jhf;Fjy; njhlh;ghd Fw;wr;rhl;Lf;fs; mlq;fyhd jdpg;gl;l tpjj;jpyhd Fw;wr;rhl;nlhd;W murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtUf;nfjpuhfr; rhl;lg;gLkplj;J mth; jdJ vjph;thjj;jpw;Fj; jdJ rl;lthjpf@lhf xoq;Ffis Nkw;nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. tof;F Kbtile;jjd; gpd;dh;> Vw;gl;l nryT kPsspg;Gf;fhf XI Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; fPo; Nfhhpf;ifnahd;iw Kd; itf;fyhk;.

7. murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jnuh nuhUtupdhy; Utupdhy; jdpg;gl;l uPjpapy; tof;nfhd; nfhd;iwj; njhLj;jy;.


7:1 murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUth; jdJ flikfis Mw;Wifapy; vOe;j tplankhd;W njhlh;ghf nrayhsupd; Kd;dq;ff P hukpd;wp jdJ jdpg;gl;l epiyapy; tof;Ffisj; njhLf;f eltbf;if vLf;ff; $lhJ. mjw;fhf nrayhsupd; mq;ff P huk; NfhuNtz;baJ jpizf;fsj; jiytupD}lhfNtahFk;. Iankhd;W epyTfpd;w re;jh;gg ; q;fspy; nrayhsh; rl;lkh mjpghpd; MNyhridfisg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;.

324

gpd;dpizg;G epuy;
mj;jpahak; gphpT

1 Mk; gpd;dpizg;G 2 Mk; gpd;dpizg;G 3 Mk; gpd;dpizg; 4 Mk; gpd;dpizg;G 5 Mk; gpd;dpizg;G 6 Mk; gpd;dpizg;G

jpizf;fsj; jiytu;fspd; epuy; Ml;Nrh;gG ; eilKiw khjphpg; gbtq;fs; mwptpj;jy;fs; khjphpg; gbtq;fs; epakdf; fbjq;fspd; khjphpfs;
,yq;if rdehaf Nrhryprf; murpayikg;gpd; IV Mk; mj;jpahak;

I II II II
FbauR II

2:1:2 3:1: 8:1,8:4 10:11 2:3

epajpr; rl;lr; rigfSf;F/$l;Lj;jhgdq;fSf;F V tpLtpg;gjw;fhd/tpLtpg;ig ePbg;gjw;fhd tpz;zg; gg;gbtk;


gjtp ePff ; k; nra;ag;gl;l VII cj;jpNahfj;jh;fSf;F miug;gFjpiaf; nfhLg;gdT nra;tjw;fhd tpz;zg;gg; gbtk; KOikahd rk;gsj;Jldhd fy;tp tpLKiw XII ngWfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;ju;fs; ifr;rhj;jpl XV Ntz;ba xg;ge;jj;jpd; khjpupg; gbtk; rk;gskw;w fw;if cj;jpNahfj;jh;fs; xg;ge;jj;jpd; khjphp tpLKiwapy; ifr;rhj;jpl nry;Yk; XII Ntz;ba XV

7 Mk; gpd;dpizg;G

7:3

8 Mk; gpd;dpizg;G

14:4 4:12 16:5 5:1 16:5

9 Mk; gpd;dpizg;G

10 Mk; gpd;dpizg;G

ntspehl;by; rk;gsj;Jldhd mYtnyhd;wpd; XII xg;gilg;Gf;fhf/ ntspehl;L Ntiytha;gG ; xd;iwg; nghWg;Ngw;gjw;fhf rk;gskw;w tpLKiw cj;jpNahfj;ju;fs; ifr;rhj;jpl Ntz;ba xg;ge;jg; gbtk; ntspehl;Lf; fy;tp kw;Wk; njhopy; vd;w XII ,ul;il Nehf;fq;fSf;fhf rk;gskw;w tpLKiw toq;fg;gLfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jh;fs; ifr;rhj;jpl Ntz;ba xg;ge;jg; gbtk;

11 Mk; gpd;dpizg;G

16:5

12 Mk; gpd;dpizg;G 13 Mk; gpd;dpizg;G 14 Mk; gpd;dpizg;G 15 Mk; gpd;dpizg;G

gUt ml;il mDkjpr; rPlL ; f;fs; murhq;f rYifg; gUt mDkjpr; rPlL ; f;fs;
ntspehl;Lg; gapw;rp trjpfisg; nfhs;tjw;fhd tpz;zg;gk;

XIII XIII

6:3 6:5 2:3:2 4:1:2

ngw;Wf; XV

KOikahd rk;gsj;Jld; $ba fw;if XV tpLKiw ngWfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jh;fs; ifnahg;gkpl Ntz;ba cld;gbf;ifg; gbtk;

325

16 Mk; gpd;dpizg;G

ehl;Lf;F ntspNa khehL Nghd;wtw;wpy; fye;J XV nfhs;tjw;fhf gpujk ke;jphpapd; mDkjpiaf; NfhUfpd;w tpz;zg;gg; gbtk;

10:3:2

17 Mk; gpd;dpizg;G

Gyikg; ghprpy; Nghd;wtw;wpd; nghUl;L XV 10:9 ehlL ; f;F ntspNa nry;tjw;Fg; gpujk ke;jphpapd; mDkjpiaf; NfhUfpd;w tpz;zg;gg ; btk;. tPLfis xJf;fL P nra;fpd;w XIX cj;jpNahfj;jh;fSf;F topfhl;Ltjw;fhfj; jahhpf;fg;gl;l Gs;spKiwj; jpl;lk;

18 Mk; gpd;dpizg;G

4:2:1

19 Mk; gpd;dpizg;G 20 Mk; gpd;dpizg;G

murhq;f tpLKiw gq;fshf;fisf; NfhUfpd;w XX tpz;zg;gg; gbtk;


rk;gsg; gl;baypypUe;J foptPL nra;J XXIV nfhs;tjw;F ,lkspff ; g;gl;Ls;s vy;iyiaf; fzpg;gL P nra;fpd;w NghJ fUj;jpnyLf;fg;glf; $lhj khjhe;j foptPLfs;

2:1 3:5

21 Mk; gpd;dpizg;G 22 Mk; gpd;dpizg;G

tl;biaf; fzpg;gpLk; #j;jpuk;

XXIV

3:8:1 3:17:10

Gjpa gpizg;gj;jpunkhd;W vOjpf; XXIV ifnahg;gkplg; gl;ljd; gpd;dh; Ke;jpa gpizg;gj;jpuq;fs; Kjypatw;iw nry;Ygbaw;wjhf;Fjy;. XXIV gzj;ij kPsf; nfhLg;gdT nra;jjd; gpd;dh; gpizg;gj;jpuq;fs; Kjypatw;iw nry;Ygbaw;wjhf;Fjy; Xa;t+jpar; rk;gsj;ij khw;wpaikg;gjw;fhf XXIV mspf;fg;gLfpd;w nry;Ygbaw;wjhf;f Kbahj ntspg;gLj;Jiffs;

11:15

23 Mk; gpd;dpizg;G

4:2:3

24 Mk; gpd;dpizg;G 25 Mk; gpd;dpizg;G 26 Mk; gpd;dpizg;G 27 Mk; gpd;dpizg;G 28 Mk; gpd;dpizg;G

MAjg;gilr; NritfSf;Fhpa epge;jidfs; jpizf;fsj; jiythpd; rhd;wpjo;. NfhUgthpd; ntspg;gLj;Jif

XXIV

11:1:2 11:3 11:4 11:4:2 11:7 11:9

fld; XXIV

rl;ltwpQh; Fohk; - rl;ltwpQh; fl;lzq;fs; fhzp gw;wpa tpguq;fs; gjpthsUf;F mDg;gg;gl Ntz;ba mwpf;if

XXIV XXIV XXIV XXIV

326

1 Mk; gpd;dpizg;G
jpizf;fsk; gpujk ke;jpupapd; mYtyfk; jhgdr; tpjpf;; Nfhitapd; gzpfSf;Fg; nghWg;ghd jpizf;fsj; jiytu;fs; - gpujk ke;jpupapd; nrayhsu; - nrayhsu; - Mizahsu; - gjpthsu; - Mizahsu; - nrayhsu; - nrayhsu; (mikr;Rf;fspd; gzpf; FOtpdhpd; eltbf;iffs; njhlh;ghf) - Mizahsu; - Mizahsu; - fl;Lg;ghl;lhsu; - fl;Lg;ghl;lhsu; - nrayhsu; - Mizahsu; - Mizahsu; - rl;lkh mjpgu; - fhzp Mizahsu; - fhzp epUza cj;jpNahfj;jh; - gzpg;ghsu; - Mizahsu; - murhq;f mjpgh; /khtl;l - Mizahsu; - jiytu; - gzpg;ghsu; - gzpg;ghsu; - gzpg;ghsu; - gzpg;ghsu; - Mizahsu; - gzpg;ghsu; - gzpg;ghsh;
327

ePjpr; Nritfs; Mizf;FO fy;tp E}y; ntspaPL Nkd;KiwaPlL ; ePjpkd;wk; cs;ehl;L th;jj ; f mikr;ruit mikr;Rf;fs; ,yQ;r Mizf;FO re;ijg;gLj;jy; mgptpUj;jp FbtuT Fbafy;T ,wf;Fkjp> Vw;Wkjp MSk; fl;rpapd; gpujk mikg;ghsh; MAu;Ntj czT rl;lkh mjpgu; fhzp Mizahsu; fhzp epUzak; fhzp mgptpUj;jp kiyehl;L fpuhkpa Gdu;tho;T fr;Nrhp njhopy; njhopy; epaha rig tsp kz;lytpay; rpW ifj;njhopy; tptrhak; fl;blk; fkey Nrit fpuhk mgptpUj;jp njhifkjpg;G> Gs;sptpgu

nrayhsu;

jpizf;fsk; rdhjpgjp nrayfk; Njrpa E}jdrhiy Njrpa tPlikg;G Njrpa Rtbf;$lk; fld; rig fld; epthuzr; rig kjpg;gL P mQ;ry; Njapiyf; fl;Lg;ghl;L khtl;l mikr;R khtl;l ePjpkd;wk; Gifapujk; cs;ehl;L ,iwtup efu> fpuhk epu;khzk; rl;l Mizf;FO rl;l tiuQh; mYtyfk; ed;dlj;ij> rpWtu; ghJfhg;Gr; Nrit cs;@uhl;rp cs@ ; uhl;rpr; Nritfs; ghuhSkd;w rigj; jiytu; Ml;gjpT njhy;nghUspay; nra;jp Kjdpiy ePjpkd;wk; gpuhe;jpaf; fy;tp nerTf; ifj;njhopy; nghyp]; jdpahu; g]; Nghf;Ftuj;J rpiwr;rhiyfs; ngsj;j mYty;fs; Gtpr;rupjtpay; Muha;rr ; p nghJj; jpiwNrup

jhgdr; tpjpf; Nfhitapd; gzpfSf;Fg; nghWg;ghd jpizf;fsj; jiytu;fs; - rdhjpgjpapd; nrayhsu; - gzpg;ghsu; - Mizahsh; - gzpg;ghsh; - nrayhsh; - nrayhsu; - gpujhd tpiykjpgg ; l P l ; hsu; - jghy; kh mjpgu; - Njapiyf; fl;Lg;ghl;lhsu; - khtl;l nrayhsu; - khtl;l ePjpgjp - nghJ Kfhikahsu; - Mizahsu; ehafk; - gzpg;ghsu; - nrayhsu; - rl;l tiuQh; - Mizahsu; - Mizahsu; - gzpg;ghsu; - rigj; jiytupd; nrayhsu; - Mizahsu; - Mizahsu; - gzpg;ghsu; - Kjdpiy ePjpkd;w ePjpgjp - gpuhe;j ; pag; gzpgg ; hsu; - gzpg;ghsu; - nghyp]; kh mjpgu; - gzpg;ghsu; - Mizahsu; - Mizahsu; - gzpg;ghsu; - nghJj; jpiwNrupapd; gpujpr; nrayhsu;

328

jpizf;fsk; nghJj; jpiwNrup : tuT nryTj; jpl;lg; gphpT nghUshjhu mYty;fs; gphpT

jhgdr; tpjpf; Nfhitapd; gzpfSf;Fg; nghWg;ghd jpizf;fsj; jiytu;fs; - gzpg;ghsu; - gzpg;ghsu; - gzpg;ghsu; - gzpg;ghsu; - gzpg;ghsu; - gzpg;ghsu; - gzpg;ghsu; - gzpg;ghsu; - gzpg;ghsu; - nghJ ek;gpf;ifahsu; - gzpg;ghsu; - Nky; ePjpkd;w ePjpgjp - ePjthd; - Mizahsu; - epy msitahsu; ehafk; - gzpg;ghsu; - Nkhl;lhu; thfdg; Nghf;Ftuj;J Mizahsu; kw;Wk; Nkhl;lhu; thfdg; gjpthsu; - ,wg;gu; fl;Lg;ghl;lhsu; - murhq;f ,urhadg; gFg;gha;thsu; - njhopw;rhiyg; nghwpapayhsu; - murhq;f mr;rfh; - gzpg;ghsu; - gzpg;ghsu; - gzpg;ghsu; - gzpg;ghsu; - gzpg;ghsu; - nrayhsh; - nrayhsh; - gjpthsu; ehafk; - jiyikr; Rq;fr; Nrfhpg;ghsh; 329

fzf;Ffs; kw;Wk; nfhLg;gdTg; gphpT Njrpa jpl;lkply; gphpT ru;tNjr nghUshjhu xj;Jiog;Gg; gphpT epjpg; gphpT epjpf; nfhs;iffs; gphpT murhq;f jhshz;ikg; gphpT ntspehl;L %ytsg; gphpT nghJ ek;gpf;ifg; nghWg;G neLQ;rhiyfs; Nky; ePjpkd;wk; ePjthd; ePjpkd;wk; Nju;jy;fs; epy msitahsu; K];ypk; rka> gz;ghl;lYty;fs; Nkhl;lhu; thfdg; Nghf;Ftuj;J

,wg;gu; fl;Lg;ghl;L ,urhadg; gFg;gha;thsu; murhq;fj; njhopw;rhiy murhq;f mr;rfk; murhq;f toq;fy;fs; murhq;ff; fld; murhq;f eph;thfk; jhgdg; gphpT nghwpapaw; Nrit ,ize;j Nritfs; gphpT tpQ;Qhdr; Nritfs; gphpT murhq;f Nrit Mizf;FO gjpthsu; ehafk; Rq;fk;

jpizf;fsk; cg;G tdtpyq;Fg; ghJfhg;G tdg; ghJfhg;G th;jj ; fk; ePhg ; g ; hrdk; fzf;fha;T kpd;rf;jp njhiyj; njhlh;G ntspehLfspYs;s ,yq;if murhq;f J}Jf; FO vjph;f; fl;rpj; jiytu; ghPli ; rfs;; Xa;t+jpak; fiuNahug; ghJfhg;G

jhgdr; tpjpf;; Nfhitapd; gzpfSf;Fg; nghWg;ghd jpizf;fsj; jiytu;fs; - Mizahsu; - gzpg;ghsu; - Ngzyjpgh; - gzpg;ghsu; - gzpg;ghsu; - fzf;fha;thsu; ehafk; - nghJ Kfhikahsu; - gzpg;ghsu; - J}Jtu; / cau; ];jhdpfu; - vjpu;f; fl;rpj; jiytupd; nrayhsu; - Mizahsu; - gzpg;ghsu; - gzpg;ghsh; - gjpthsh; - gzpg;ghsu; - Mizahsh; - gzpg;ghsh; - gzpg;ghsh; - fk;gdpg; gjpthsh; - gzpg;ghsh; - Mizahsh; kw;Wk; gjpthsh; - nrayhsh; - gzpg;ghsh; - Mizahsh; - gzpg;ghsh; - gzpg;ghsh; ehafk; - gpuNjrg; gzpg;ghsh; - tpkhdg; gilj; jsgjp - flw;gilj; jsgjp - ,uhZtj; jsgjp - gjpthsh; 330

th;jj ; fg; ngau;fs;> th;jj ; ff; FwpaPLfs; th;jj ; ff; fg;gy; mYty;fs; th;jj ; fg; nghUl; nfhs;tdT tpyq;Fw;gj;jp> Rfhjhuk; kpUff; fhl;rprhiy fk;gdpg; gjpthsu; r%f Nritfs; $l;LwT mgptpUj;jp> $l;LwTr; rq;fg; gjpT $l;LwT Copah;fs; Mizf;FO rptpy; tpkhdr; Nrit kJthp rpW Vw;Wkjpg; gaph;fs; Rfhjhu Nritfs; Rfhjhu Nritfs; ,yq;if tpkhdg; gil ,yq;iff; flw; gil ,yq;if ,uhZtk; cah; ePjpkd;wk;

2Mk; gpd;dpizg;G
(II 2:1:2)
jpizf;fsj;jpd;. gjtpf;F Ml;Nrh;gG ; r; nra;tjw;fhd eilKiwfs; jpizf;fsj;jpd; njhlh;G ,yf;fk;: jhgdg; gzpg;ghshpd; njhlh;G ,yf;fk;:

1. rk;gs msTj; jpl;lk;


&ghit mila Kd;dh; tpidj;jpwd; jilia/jilfisf; nfhz;ljhf tUlj;jpwF ; &ghtpy; Muk;gpj;J &ghitf; nfhz;l tUlhe;j rk;gs Vw;wq;fs;%yk; tUlj;jpw;F &gh..tiu mjpfhpf;Fk; rk;gsj;jpl;lnkhd;iw ,g;gjtp nfhz;Ls;sJ.

(tpsf;fk;:(i) VjhtJ xU Nritapy; gy tFg;Gf;fs; kw;Wk; / my;yJ juq;fs; Ml;Nrh;gG ; r; nra;Ak; eilKiwapy; cl;Nrh;ff ; g;gl;Ls;stplj;J> mg; gy;NtW tFg;Gf;fSf;F kw;Wk; my;yJ juq;fSf;F chpa rk;gsj; jpl;lq;fs; fhl;lg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. njhpTnra;ag;gLfpd;w tpz;zg;gjhupapd; jifikfSf;F ,zq;f ,g;gjtpf;F xd;Wf;F Nkw;gl;l rk;gs msTj;jpl;lq;fs; fhzg;gLkhapd; mr; rk;gs msTj;jpl;lq;fSk; mtw;wpw;Fg; nghUj;jkhd jifikfSk; Fwpg;gplg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. chpa rk;gsg; Gs;spiaj; jhz;br; nry;tjw;F VNjDk; njhopw; jifik my;yJ NtW tpNrl jifik mtrpag;gLkhapd; mtw;iwf; Fwpg;gpLjy; Ntz;Lk;.)

(ii)

(iii)

2. tanjy;iy
taJtUlq;fSf;Ff; Nkw;glhkYk; ,Uj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. FiwahkYk;.. tUlq;fSf;F

(tpsf;fk; VNjDnkhU tFjpiar; Nrh;ej ; tpz;zg;gjhupfspd; taJ tplaj;jpy; rYifnahd;W toq;fg;gLkhapd; mr;rYifiaf; Fwpg;gpLjy; Ntz;Lk;) tpNrl

3. fy;tp kw;Wk; Vida jifikfs; (tpsf;fk; :


nfhz;bUf;f Ntz;ba Mff; Fiwe;j njhopy;rhh; jifikfs;> mDgtq;fs; Fwpg;gplg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. fy;tp> njhopy;El;g kw;Wk;/my;yJ kw;Wk; gpwjifikfs; rhpahff;

jpizf;fs Copah;fs; Nghd;w VNjDnkhU tFjpf;Fhpa tpz;zg;gjhhpfSf;F mj;jifa jifikfs; njhlh;ghfr; rpw;rpy rYiffs; toq;fg;gLkplj;J> xt;nthU tFjpapdh; njhlh;ghfTk; Mff; Fiwe;j jifikfs; ntt;Ntwhff; fhl;lg;gly; Ntz;Lk;.)
331

4. Ml;Nrh;gG ; Kiw (tpsf;fk;


Ml;Nrh;gG ; Kiw ,Uf;fyhk;. (i) (ii) (iii) gpd;tUk; Kiwfspy; xd;whf my;yJ mjw;F Nkw;gl;ljhf cs;s miog;gjd;

jpizf;fsj;jpy; gzpGhpfpd;w tpjpf;fg;gl;l jifikfs; cj;jpNahfj;jh;fSf;F gjtp cah;T toq;Ftjd; %yk; Ntiy %yk; tq;fpa++lhf tpz;zg;gjhhpfis Neh;Kfg; ghPli ; rf;F

nghJ kf;fSf;F gfpuq;f tpsk;gunkhd;iwr; nra;J mjd; gpd;dh; fPof ; ; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s Kiwfspy; xd;iwNah my;yJ xd;Wf;F Nkw;gl;ltw;iw xd;wpizj;Njh gpd;gw;Wtjd; %yk; Neh;Kfg; ghPli ; r> Nghl;bg; ghPli ; r

gjtpf;Fj; Njitahd mbg;gilj; jifikahf tpjpf;fg;gl;Ls;s ghPli ; rapy; mjhtJ f.ngh.j rhjhuz juk;> Nj.ngh.f.rh> gl;lg;gbg;G vd;gtw;wpy; tpz;zg;gjhhp xUth; fhl;bAs;s jpwikia kjpg;gply;. Nritapy; <Lgl;Ls;s gzpahsh;fspypUe;Jk; ntspthhpahd tpz;zg;gjhhp fspUe;Jk; Fwpj;j xU tpfpjj;jpy; my;yJ tPjj;jpy; Ml;Nrh;gG ; r; nra;ag;gLkplj;J> mj;jifa tpfpjj;ij my;yJ tPjj;ijf; Fwpg;gpLjy; Ntz;Lk;.)

5. Nritapy; <LgLj;jg;gLtjw;fhd epge;jidfs; 6. Nrit epge;jidfs;


(m) nghJ epge;jidfs; : (II Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; 10 Mk; kw;Wk; 12 Mk; cg gphpTfisg; ghh;ff ; Tk; ) (M) Vida epge;jidfs;

(tpsf;fk; :ngw;Wf;nfhs;sg;gl Ntz;ba gapw;rp> jifikfs; Nghd;w tpNrl Njitg;ghLfs; my;yJ gjtpf;Fhpa NtW tpNrl Nrit epge;jidfs; Nghd;wit gpw epge;jidfs; vd;gjd; fPo; fhl;lg;g ; ly; Ntz;Lk;.)

332

3 Mk; gpd;dpizg;G
(II- 3:1)
mwptpjj ; y; tiuG 1k; khjphp tiuG
(epakd cj;jpNahfj;juhf jpizf;fsj; jiyth; nrayhw;Wfpd;w gjtpfSf;Fhpa mwptpj;jy;)

.. jpizf;fsk; .. gjtp jpizf;fsj;jpd; . gjtpf;F ,j;jhy; tpz;zg;gq;fs; Nfhug;gLfpd;wd. tpz;zg;gq;fs; fPo; tUk; khjphpg; gbtj;Jf;fikaj; jahhpf;fg;gl;L Me; jpfjp my;yJ mjw;F Kd;dh; vdf;Ff; fpilf;fj;jf;fthW mDg;gp itf;fg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;.

2. rk;gs msTj; jpl;lk;


,g;gjtpf;Fhpa jpul;ba tUlhe;j rk;gsk; &ghthFk;. &gh . vd;w tUlhe;j rk;gsg; Gs;spia/ Gs;spfis va;jg; ngW Kd; tpidj; jpwd;fhz; jil / jilfs; cz;L.

3. Nritapy; <LgLj;jg;gLtjw;fhd epge;jidfs;


(gjtpapd; ,ay;Gf;Nfw;g nghUj;jkhd khw;W Kiw ,q;F Fwpj;Jf; fhl;lg;gly; Ntz;Lk;.) I Mk; khw;W Kiw ,g;gjtp jw;fhypfkhdJ II Mk; khw;W Kiw ,g;gjtp epue;jukhdJ. MapDk; Xa;t+jpak; chpj;jw;wJ. ,g;gjtpf;F epakdk; nra;ag;gLtJ> %d;W Mz;L fhy ghPlr ; pj;jy; fhynkhd;wpd; mbg;gilapyhFk;. III Mk; khw;W Kiw ,g;gjtp epue;jukhdJk; Xa;t+jpaKilaJkhFk;. tUl jFjpfhz; fhynkhd;wpd; mbg;gilapyhFk;. epakdk; toq;fg;gLtJ %d;W

(Nritapy; epue;jukhf;fg;gl gapw;rpnahd;iwg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;sy; my;yJ ghPli ; rfspy; rpj;jpailjy; Nghd;w tpNrl epge;jidfisg; g+h;jj ; p nra;a Ntz;bapUg;gpd; me;epge;jidfis ,q;F Fwpg;gpl;lhjy; Ntz;Lk;)

4. Njitahd jifikfs;
xt;nthU tpz;zg;gjhhpAk; jhd; fPot ; Uk; jifikfisf; nfhz;lth; vd;gjw;fhd rhl;rpfisr; rkh;g;gpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. (m) rpwe;j xOf;fKk; rPhpa cly; eyKk; cilath; vdTk;> (M) 19..Me; jpfjpad;W .. taJf;F FiwahjtuhfTk;.. taJf;F Nkw;glhjtuhfTk; cs;stuhfTk;> (Vw;fdNt mur NritapYs;sth;fSf;F ,t;tanjy;iy Vw;GilajhfhJ) (,)> (<)> (c) Mjpad> (Njitahd fy;tp kw;Wk; / my;yJ njhopy;El;gj; jifikfs; kw;Wk;/ my;yJ mDgtk; Fwpg;ghff; fhl;lg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. khw;Wj; jifikfisr; Rl;bf; fhl;Ljy; nghUj;jkhfTs;s re;jh;g;gq;fspy; mt;thW Rl;bf; fhl;Ltjpy; ftdk; nrYj;jg;gly; Ntz;Lk;.)

(Njitg;gLfpd;w jifikfs; rpNul;l ghlrhiy juhjug; gj;jpuk;/ f.ngh.j. (rhjhuz juk;) vdpd; gpd;tUk; khw;W Kiwfs; Fwpg;gplg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. (I) rpNul;l ghlrhiyj; juhjug;gj;jpuj;ijg; ngw;wtuhapUj;jy;.
333

(II) ,uz;bw;F Nkw;glhj jlitfspy; fy;tpg; nghJj; juhju (rhjhuz ju) ghPli ; rf;Fj; Njhw;wp vz;fzpjk; my;yJ fzpjk;> rpq;fsk; my;yJ jkpo; Mfpa ghlq;fs; cs;spl;l MW ghlq;fspy; rpj;jpaile;jpUj;jy;. (III) mjw;Fr; rkkhd rpj;jpaile;jpUj;jy;) my;yJ my;yJ mjdpYk; cah;ej ; ghPli ; rnahd;wpy;

5. tpz;zg;gjhupfs; gpd;tUk; Mtzq;fspd; gpujpfis Nkw;gb tpz;zg;gq;fSld;


,izj;J mDg;Gjy; Ntz;Lk;. (i) gpwg;Gr; rhl;rpg; gj;jpuk;: (ii) Mjp cah; fy;tpr; rhd;wpjo;fs; (iii) mz;ikapy; ngwg;gl;l ew;rhl;rpg; gj;jpuq;fs; %d;W ,g;gpujpfs; kPs mDg;gg;glkhl;lh. 6. ,e;j th;jj ; khdpapd;; 1 Mk; gFjpapd; (11) (m)Mk; gphptpd; Jtf;fj;jpy; gpuRhpf;fg;gl;Ls;s murhq;f Nritg; gjtpfSf;F Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLfpd;w epakdq;fs; njhlh;ghd nghJ epge;jidfspd;ghy; ckJ ftdk; <h;ff ; g;gLfpwJ. . jpizf;fsj; jiyth; Kfthp: jpfjp: gjtpf;fhd khjphp tpz;zg;gg; gbtk; (ftdpf;f: tpz;zg;gg; gbtk; mDg;gg;gLfpd;w fbj ciwapd; ,lJ gf;f Nky; %iyapy; gjtpf;fhd tpz;zg;gk; vd;W Fwpg;gpl;L mjid gjpTj; jghypy; f;F mDg;Gjy; Ntz;Lk;) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. KOg;ngah;: Kfthp: gpwe;j jpfjpAk; gpwe;j ,lKk; :. (gpwg;Gr; rhd;wpjopd; gpujpnahd;W ,izf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;) ,dk; : tpthfkhdtuh my;yJ tpthfkhfhjtuh vd;gJ? fy;tp kw;Wk;/my;yJ njhopEl;g jifikfs; gw;wpa tpguq;fs;: (rhd;wpjo;fspd; gpujpfs; ,izf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;) ghlrhiyia tpl;L tpyfpajd; gpd;dh; Ghpe;j njhopy;fs; kw;Wk;/my;yJ gapd;w gapw;rpg; ghlnewpfs; njhlh;ghd tpguq;fs;: . ,jw;F Kd;dh; murhq;fj;jpd; VNjDnkhU jpizf;fsj;jpy; my;yJ murhq;ff; $l;Lj;jhgdnkhd;wpy; Nritahw;wpapUg;gpd; mjpypUe;J tpyfpaikf;fhd fhuzj;ijf; Fwpg;gpLf: VNjDnkhU Fw;wtpay; Fw;wk; njhlh;gpy; vg;NghjhtJ ePjpkd;wnkhd;wpdhy; Fw;wthspahf;fg;gl;Ls;su P hapd; mf;Fw;wk; kw;Wk; mjw;Ff; fpilj;j jz;lid gw;wpa tpguq;fisf; Fwpg;gpLf.

7. 8.

9.

334

10.

ew;rhd;Wg; gj;jpuq;fs; toq;fpAs;s egh;fs; gjtpfisAk; Fwpg;gpLf:..

%thpdJk;

ngah;fisAk;

ifnahg;gk; ........................................................ jpfjp (nghUj;jkw;w nrhw;fis ntl;btpLf)

335

II Mk; khjphp tiuG


(epakd epakd cj;jpNahfj;juhf mikr;nrhd;wpd; nrayhsu; nrayhw;Wfpd;w gjtpfSf;Fhpa mwptpj;jy;) ; jpizf;fsk; gjtp .jpizf;fsj;jpd; gjtpf;F ,j;jhy; tpz;zg;gq;fs; Nfhug;gLfpd;wd. ,jw;fhf ,t;tYtyfj;jpdhy; tpepNahfpf;fg;gLfpd;w mr;rplg;gl;l gbtq;fspy; tpz;zg;gq;fisj; jahhpj;J mtw;iwf; fPo; tUk; jpfjpfspNyh my;yJ mtw;wpw;F Kd;dNuh vdf;Ff; fpilf;fj;jf;fthW mDg;gp itj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. (m) ,e;ehl;bd; tpz;zg;gq;fs; 19. (M) ntspehl;L tpz;zg;gq;fs; 19. Fwpg;G: (i) mr;rplg;gl;l tpz;zg;gg;gbtq;fis mQ;ry; %yk; mDg;gpitf;FkhW Nfhug;gLkplj;J tpz;zg;gjhhp mur Nritapy; gzpGhpfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtuh ,y;iyah vd;gij kpfj; njspthff; Fwpg;gpl;L ngah;> Kfthp vOjg;gl;l Kj;jpiu xl;lg;glhj 9x 4 mstpYk; Fiwahj fbj ciwnahd;Wld; mDg;gg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. (ii) tpz;zg;gg; gbtnkhd;Nwh my;yJ mjNdhL njhlh;Gila fbjnkhd;Nwh mQ;rypy; fhzhky; Ngha;tpl;lnjd;Nwh jhkjpj;jnjd;Nwh Kd;itf;fpd;w Kiwg;ghLfs; Vw;Wf;nfhs;sg;glkhl;lh. ,Wjpj; jpfjptiu tpz;zg;gbtq;fis mDg;gp itg;gjw;fhf fhj;jpUf;fpd;w fhuzj;jpdhy; Nehplf; $ba ,og;Gf;fis tpz;zg;gjhuh;fNs nghWg;Ngw;Wf; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. (iii)ntspehLfspYs;s tpz;zg;gjhuh;fSf;F ntspehLfspYs;s ,yq;if Kfthpd; mYtyfj;jpypUe;J mr;rplg;gl;l tpz;zg;gg;gbtq;fisg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s KbAk;.jdJ tpz;zg;gj;jpid jhd; tjpfpd;w ehl;bw;F mDg;gp itg;gjw;fhf my;yJ mjw;F kpf mz;kpj;j ehl;bw;F epakdQ; nra;ag;gl;Ls;s ,yq;if Kfthpd; mYtyfj;jpw;F chpa fhyf;nfLtpw;Fs; ifaspf;f tpUk;gpd; mt;thW nra;a KbAk;. (iv) itj;jpa ghpNrhjidAk; gazr; rPlL ; f;fSk;: - ,yq;if murhq;fj;jpd; fPo; gzpGhptjw;fhf epakdQ; nra;ag;gLfpd;w ,yq;ifapd; cj;jpNahfj;jh;fs; gzpahw;Wtjw;fhd chpa cleyj;Jld; fhzg;gLfpd;whh;fshntd;gijf; fz;lwpa mq;ff P hpf;fg;gl;l itj;jpah; xUthpdhy; elhj;jg;gLfpd;w ghpNrhjidnahd;iw vjph;nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. mg;ghpNrhjidf;fhd fl;lzq;fs;> ,yq;iff;F tUif jUtjw;Fr; nrythFk; gazr; rPlL ; f;fhd nryT vd;gd mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jhpdhNyNa nfhLg;gdT nra;ag;gly; Ntz;Lk;.

2. Nritapy; <LgLj;jg;gLtjw;fhd tpjpKiwfSk; epge;jidfSk;.


gjtpapd; ,ay;Gf;fikag; nghUj;jkhd khw;W Kiwia ,q;F fhl;Ljy; Ntz;Lk;. I

Mk; khw;W Kiw


,g;gjtp jw;fhypfkhdJ

II Mk; khw;W Kiw ,g;gjtp epue;jukhdJ. vdpDk; Xa;t+jpak; chpj;jw;wJ. ,g;gjtpf;F epakdk; nra;ag;gLtJ> %d;W tUl ghPlr ; hh;jj ; / jFjpfhz; fhynkhd;wpd; mbg;gilapyhFk;.
336

III Mk; khw;W Kiw ,g;gjtp epue;jukhdJk; Xa;t+jpak; chpj;JilaJkhFk;. ,g;gjtp %d;W tUl jFjpfhz; fhynkhd;wpd; mbg;g ; ilapyhFk;.(Nritapy; epue;jukhf;fg;gLtjw;fhf gapw;rpnahd;iwg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;sy; my;yJ ghPli ; rfspy; rpj;jpailjy; Nghd;w gpuj;jpNaf epge;jidfis epiwT nra;a Ntz;bapUg;gpd; me;epge;jidfis ,q;F Fwpg;gpLjy; Ntz;Lk;.)

3. rk;gsq;fSk; gbfSk;
,g;gjtpf;fhd rk;gsj; jpl;lk; tUkhW: Mz;nlhd;wpw;fhd jpuz;l rk;gsk; &gh.tpy; Muk;gpj;J &ghIf; nfhz;l tUlhe;j rk;gs Vw;wq;fs; dhy; Mz;nlhd;wpw;F &gh tiu mjpfhpf;Fk;. Mz;nlhd;wpw;F &ghvd;w rk;gsg; Gs;spia/ Gs;spfis va;jg; ngWKd; tpidj;jpwd; jilnahd;W / jilfs; cz;L.

4. jifikfs;
xt;nthU tpz;zg;gjhuUk; jhd; fPo; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s jifikfisf; nfhz;ltnud;gjw;fhd jpUg;jpfukhd rhl;rpaq;fisr; rkh;gg ; pj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. (m) cahpa xOf;fk; kw;Wk; rPhpa cleyj;ij cilath; vdTk;> (M) 19.Me; jpfjpf;F taJ..f;Ff; FiwahjthuhfTk; ..f;F Nkw;glhjtuhfTk; ,Uf;fpwhnudTk; (Vw;fdNt mur NritapYs;sth;fSf;F ,t;tanjy;iy Vw;Gilj;jhfh.) (,)> (<)> (c) vd;gd I Mk; khjphp tiugpy; cs;sthwhFk;.

5. fPof ; ;

Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s Mtzq;fspy; VNjDk; xd;iwNah vy;yhtw;iwANkh rkh;gg ; pf;FkhW tpjpf;fg;gLkplj;J NghJ tpz;zg;gjhhpfs; rkh;g;gpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.

my;yJ mtw;iw

(m) gpwg;Gr; rhl;rpg; gj;jpuk; (Fwpg;G:cjtpaspf;fg;gLfpd;w ghlrhiyfspd; xOq;F tpjpf;Nfhitapy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s gzpfSf;fhf tpepNahfpf;fg;gl;Ls;s Qhd];ehd gpwg;Gr; rhd;wpjo; Vw;Wf;nfhs;sg;glkhl;lhJ.) (M) gl;lg; gbg;Gr; rhd;wpjo; my;yJ mjpcah; fy;tpr; rhd;wpjo; (,) ew;rhd;Wg; gj;jpuq;fs; ,uz;L. mtw;wpy; xd;W fy;tp eltbf;iffs; njhlh;ghd gzpg;ghshplkpUe;Njh my;yJ fy;Y}hp tphpTiuahshplkpUe;Njh my;yJ NguhrphpahplkpUe;Njh ngwg;gl;ljhapUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. njhopy; hPjpahd kw;Wk; / my;yJ njhopy; El;gj; jifikfs; njhlh;ghd rhd;wpjo;fs; kw;Wk;

(<)

(c) rpq;fs nkhopapy; rpj;jpaile;j mjpAah; ghPl;ir njhlh;ghd rhd;wpjo;> Fwpg;G::(i) tpz;zg;gg;gbtj;Jld; ve;jNthh; gpujpfisAk; ,izf;ff; $lhJ.
337

Mtzj;ijAk;

my;yJ

Mtzq;fspd;

(ii) Mtznkhd;iwr; rkh;gg ; pf;FkhW Nfhug;gLfpd;w re;jh;gg ; nkhd;wpy; mtw;iw rkh;g;gpf;f Kbahkw; Nghfpd;w tpz;zg;gjhuh;fspd; tpz;zg;gbtq;fs; fUj;jpy; nfhs;sg;glkhl;lh.

6. mur Nrit cj;jpNahfj;jh;fs; jkf;Fhpa tpz;zggg;;gbtq;fis jkJ jpizf;fsj;


jiyt&lhfr; rkh;gg ; pj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. vt;thwhapDk; mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jh;f ; s; jkJ tpz;zg;gg;gbtq;fs; vg;NghJ mDg;gg;gl;ldntd tpz;zg;gq;fs; ifNaw;fg;gLfpd;w ,Wjpj; jpdj;jd;Nwh my;yJ mjw;F Kd;dNuh ,y;tYtyfj;jpw;F Neubahf vOj;J %yk; mwptpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. tpz;zg;gg;gbtj;NjhL jdf;F mDg;gpitf;fg;gLfpd;w (M vdf; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s) mr;rplg;gl;l mQ;ry; ml;ilia ,jw;fhfg; gad;gLj;jpf; nfhs;s KbAk;. 7. tpz;zg;gg; gbtq;fSk; mjNdhL njhlh;Gila Vida fbjq;fSk; mDg;gp itf;fg;gl Ntz;baJ vdf;NfahFk;. mtw;iw ,e;j cs;s vtNuDk; Xh; cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; jdpg;gl;l ngaUf;F mDg;gp itf;ff; $lhJ. 8. ,t;th;jj ; khdpapy; I Mk; gFjpapd; II (m) Mk; gphptpd; Jtf;fj;jpy; gpuRhpf;fg;gl;Ls;s murhq;f Nritg; gjtpfSf;F Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLfpd;w epakdq;fs; njhlh;ghd nghJ epge;jidfspd; ghy; ckJ ftdk; <h;ff ; g;gLfpd;wJ. 9. tpz;zg;gjhhpfSf;F tpz;zg;gg;gbtj;Jld; tpepNahfpf;fg;gLfpd;w (m vd milahskplg;gl;Ls;s) mr;rplg;gl;l mQ;ryl;il mjd; mwpTWj;jy;fspy; jug;gl;Ls;sthW tpzz ; g;gjhuh;fspdhy; epug;gg;gl;L kPsTk; mDg;gg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. mg;NghJ mth;fspd; tpz;zg;gg;gbtq;fs; ,t;tYtyfj;Jf;F fpilf;fg; ngw;wik gw;wp mth;fSf;F mwptpf;fg;gLk;. ,t;tpjp Kiwiag; gpd;gw;whj tpz;zg;gjhuh;fspd; tpz;zg;gg;gbtq;fs; fpilf;fg;ngw;wik njhlh;ghf mth;fSf;F mwptpf;fg;glkhl;lhJ. ,t;tpjpKiwiag; gpd;gw;wpath;fSk;> tpz;zg;gq;fs; fpilf;fg;ngw;wik njhlh;ghd mwptpj;jnyhd;W tpz;zg;gq;fs; Vw;Wf;nfhs;sg;gLk; ,Wjpj; jpfjpapypUe;J %d;W thu fhyj;jpw;Fs; fpilf;fg; ngwhjth;fSkhd tpz;zg;gjhuh;fs; mJ njhlh;ghf cldbahf ,t;tYtyfj;jpw;F mwpaj;juy; Ntz;Lk;. tpz;zg;gjhhpnahUth; ,t;tpjpKiwiag; gpd;gw;wj; jtWkplj;J mth; njhlh;gpy; ftdj;jpnyLf;fg;gl Ntz;ba chpik mtUf;F chpj;jw;Wg; Ngha;tpLk;. .............................. nrayhsh; Kfthp:....................................................... (nghUj;jkw;w nrhw;fis ePff ; ptplTk;)

338

4 Mk; gpd;dpizg;G
epakdf; fbjq;fspd; tiuGfs; (II 8:1)
xt;nthU epakdj;jpdJk; epge;jidfs; kw;Wk; tpjpKiwfs; vd;gtw;wpw;fika fPot ; Uk; khjphpf; fbjq;fspy; nghUj;jkhd epakdf; fbjj;ijj; Njh;en ; jLj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. khjphp epakdf; fbjq;fs; ngUk;ghyhdtw;wpy; khw;W Kiwg; ge;jpfs; ,Ug;gjidf; fhzyhk;. rhpahd khw;WKiwg; ge;jpiaj; Njh;en ; jLg;gJ kpFe;j mtjhdj;Jld; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. Ml;Nrh;gG ; f;Fhpa mq;ff P hpf;fg;gl;l Ml;Nrh;gG ; j; jpl;lj;jpw;F kw;Wk;/my;yJ mwptpjj ; Yf;F mika Njitahd re;jh;gg ; q;fspy; nghUj;jkhd khw;wq;fis Nkw;nfhs;s KbAk;.
1

Mk; khjphpf; fbjk; (jFjpfhz; fhynkhd;wpw;Fl;gl;L chpj;JilaJkhd epakdq;fs;)

Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLfpd;w

epue;jukhdJk;

Xa;t+jpa

Iah/mk;kzP . Me; jpfjp Kjy; jpizf;fsj;jpd; gjtpf;F ePh; epakdQ; nra;ag;gLfpd;wh P . ;

2. ,g;gjtp epue;jkhdJk; Xa;t+jpak; chpj;JilaJkhFk;. NkYk; ckJ epakdk; Kd;


$l;bNa KbTWj;jg;glhjtplj;J epakdj;ij epue;jukhf;Ftjw;fhd fbjnkhd;W fpilf;fg; ngWk; tiu ckJ epakdj; jpfjpapypUe;J %d;W Mz;LfSf;Nfh my;yJ #o;epiyf;Nfw;g mf;fhyf;nfLit ePbg;gJ nghUj;jnkd jPhk ; hdpf;fg;gl;bUg;gpd; mt;thW ePbf;fg;gl;l fhynkhd;wpw;Nfh ePH; jFjpfhz; epiyapy; ,Uj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.

3. jhgd tpjpf;Nfhitapd; Vw;ghLfSf;Fk; epjpg; gpukhzq;fSf;Fk; jpizf;fsj;jpd;


fl;lisfSf;Fk; fhyj;jpw;Ff; fhyk; murhq;fj;jhy; ntspaplg;gLfpd;w xOq;FtpjpfSf;Fk; ,d;Nwy; fl;lisfSf;Fk; ePh; fl;Lg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. Vida

4. ckJ

epakdk; jpfjpapypUe;jhFk;.

mKYf;F

tUtJ

ePH;

flikiag;

nghWg;Ngw;fpd;w

5. flikiag; nghWg;Ngw;fpd;w jpfjpf;F Kd;dh; murhq;f itj;jpa cj;jpNahfj;jh;


xUthpdhy; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLfpd;w ghpNrhjid xd;Wf;F ePh; cl;gLj;jg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. ehl;bd; ve;jnthU gpuNjrj;jpYk; gzpGhptjw;F ePH; cleyj;jFjpahdtnud cWjpg;gLj;jg;glhtplj;J> ckJ epakdk; mKYf;F tukhl;lhJ. itj;jpag; ghpNrhjidf;fhf ,j;NjhLs;s nghJ 169 vd;w gbtj;ij ePH; epug;gp mg;gbtj;ijAk; ,j;Jld; ,izf;fg;gl;Ls;s itj;jpa ghpNrhjid mwpf;ifg; gbtj;ijAk; (R.169) mz;ikapYs;s itj;jparhiynahd;wpd; kUj;Jtg; nghWg;gjpfhhpaplk; ifaspj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. (nfhOk;G vdpy; ntspepiy Nehahspfspd; kUj;Jthplk;: ; fz;b my;yJ fhyp vdpd; itj;jparhiyapd; gpujhd itj;jpa cj;jpNahfj;jhplk; ifaspj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.) ,g;ghpNrhjidf;fhf fl;lzq;fs; vitAk; mwtplg;glkhl;lh. ePh; Kjypy; itj;jpa ghpNrhjidf;Fg; nghUj;jkhd jpfjpnahd;iwAk; Neunkhd;iwAk; chpa itj;jpahplkpUe;J ngw;Wf; nfhz;ljd; gpd;dh; mjw;fhf rKfkspj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.)

6. Nritahw;WkhW ePh; gzpf;fg;gLfpd;w jPtpd; ve;jnthU gpuNjrj;jpyhapDk;


Nritahw;Wjy; Ntz;Lk;.

ePh;

7. ckJ jpizf;fsj; jiythpdhy; Ntz;lg;gLkplj;J murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jh;fspd;


(gpiz) fl;lisr; rl;lj;jpw;F ,zq;f gpiz nrYj;j Ntz;ba flg;ghL ckf;F cz;L.
339

8. flikNaw;f Kd;dh; nghJ 160 vd;w gbtj;ij epug;gp cld;gbf;ifnahd;wpw;Fs;


tu ePH; gzpf;fg;gLtPh. ; (gpujp xd;W ,izf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ)

9. ckJ epakdk; fpilf;fg; ngw;W xU khj fhyj;jpw;Fs; ,yq;if rdehaf


Nrhryprf; Fbaurpd; murpayikg;gpd; 7Mk; ml;ltizapy; fhl;lg;gl;Ls;s cWjpAiu my;yJ rj;jpak; nra;J mjpy; ifnahg;gkply; Ntz;Lk;. Fwpg;gpl;l fhyg;gFjpf;Fs; mt;thW nra;aj; jtWkplj;J ,ePH; NritapypUe;Njh my;yJ gjtpapypUe;Njh ePff ; g;gl;ltuhff; fUjg;gLtPH. ; (gpujpnahd;W ,izf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ)

10.

ePH; epakdk; nra;ag;gl;l jpfjpapUe;J ckJ Xa;t+jpar; rk;gsKhpj;jhd jpuz;l rk;gsj;jpypUe;J . tPjj;ij tpjitfs; kw;Wk; mehijfs; Xa;T+jpaj; jpl;lj;jpw;F my;yJ jGjhuh; kw;Wk; mehijfs; Xa;T+jpaj; jpl;lj;jpw;F cjT njhifahff; nfhLg;gdT nra;tjw;Fg; gzpf;fg;gLfpd;wh P . ; ,j;Jld; ,izf;fg;gl;Ls;s Kjepiyg; gpufldg; gbtj;ij (nghJ 86m) ePh; epug;gp tpjitfs; kw;Wk; mehijfs; Xa;t+jpa mYtyfj;jpd; my;yJ jGjhuh; kw;Wk; mehijfs; Xa;t+jpa mYtyfj;jpd; nrayhsUf;Fk; fzf;fhsUf;Fk; mDg;gp itg;gjw;fhf> kpff; $ba tpiutpy;> vdpDk; ve;jtifapYk; ckJ epakdj; jpfjpapypUe;J %d;W khjq;fs; epiwtila Kd;dh; ckJ jpizf;fsj; jiythplk; rkh;g;gpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. gjtpiaf; ifNaw;gjw;F Kd;dh; ,j;NjhL ,izf;fg;gl;Ls;s nrhj;Jf;fisg; gpufldg;gLj;Jfpd;w gbtj;ij (nghJ 261) ,izg; gpujpnahd;Wld; ePh; epug;gp ckJ jpizf;fsj; jiytUf;Ff; ifaspj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.

11.

12.

ePH; mwpe;J nfhs;tjw;fhf> jhgd tpjpf; Nfhitapd; XIV Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; 29.1 cg gphptpd; gphpj;njLg;Gifnahd;W ,j;jhy; mDg;gp itf;fg;gLfpd;wJ. ckf;F Gifapuj Mizr; rPl;L Njitg;gbd; mjw;fhf jpizf;fsj; jiythplk; Nfhhpf;if tpLj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. Mz;nlhd;wpw;F &gh.tpy; njhlq;fp &gh . itf; nfhz;l . Ntjd Vw;wq;fspdhy; &gh .. tiu mjpfhpj;Jr; nry;fpd;w rk;gsnkhd;W ,g;gjtpf;Fhpj;jhFk;. tUlhe;j jpuz;l rk;gsk; &gh.. it va;jg; ngWKd; tpidj;jpwd; fhz; jilnahd;W / jilfs; cz;L. ePH; &gh vd;w tUlhe;j rk;gsj;jpy; mkh;jj ; g;gLtPh. ;

13.

14.

jFjpfhz; fhyj;jpw;Fs; ePH; mur fUknkhopapy; (mjhtJ rpq;fsj;jpy;) Njh;rr ; piag; ngWjy; Ntz;Lk;. ckJ gjtp epue;jukhf;fg;gLtjw;fhd tplaq;fspy; rpq;fs nkhopj; Njh;rr ; pg; ghPli ; rfspy; rpj;jpailtJk; xd;whFk;. tpjpf;fg;gl;l fhyf;nfLtpw;Fs; ,k;nkhopj; Njh;r ; ;rpg; ghPl;irfspy; rpj;jpailaj; jtwpd; rk;gs Vw;wj;ij epWj;jp itf;f mJ VJthf mikAnkd;gNjhL> tpjpf;fg;gl;l fhyf;nfL Kbtile;J NkYk; MW khj fhyj;jpw;Fs; ghPli ; rnahd;wpy; rpj;jpailaj; jtWkplj;J rk;gs Vw;wj;jpd; jw;fhypf epWj;jk;> epWj;jnkhd;whf khw;wg;gLk;. mj;jifa rk;gs Vw;w epWj;jk; ghPli ; rapy; rpj;jpailAk; tiu mKypypUf;Fk;.

,g;ghPli ; rfs; njhlh;ghd tpguq;fs; 1966.09.04 Me; jpfjpapd; 701 Mk; ,yf;f jpiwNrhpr; Rw;wwpf;ifapy; fhl;lg;gl;Ls;sd. mr;Rw;wwpf;ifapd; gpujpnahd;iw ePh; epakdQ; nra;ag;gLfpd;w jpizf;fsj;jpypUe;J ngw;Wf;nfhs;s KbAk;. jFjpfhz; fhyk; Kbtilfpd;w NghJ rpq;fsnkhopapy; tpjpf;fg;gl;l Njh;rr ; pia milag; ngwj; jtWkplj;J> jhgd tpjpf; Nfhitapd; II Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; 12 Mk; gphptpd; Vw;ghLfSf;F ePh; cl;gl Ntz;b NehpLk;.

15.

jFjpfhz; fhyj;jpw;Fs; ckJ Nrit jpUg;jpfukw;wjhf mike;J kw;Wk;/ my;yJ rpq;fs nkhopapy; chpa tpjpf;fg;gl;l Njh;rr ; piag; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s ePh;
340

jtwpAkpUg;gpd; jFjpfhz; fhyf;nfLtpw;Fs; my;yJ mjd; Kbtpy; ckJ Nrit epWj;jg;glf; $Lk;.

16.

jFjpfhz; fhyf;nfLtpw;Fs; ckJ Nrit jpUg;jpfukhdjhf mike;J mNj Nghy rpq;fsnkhopapy; chpa tpjj;jpyhd Njh;rr ; piaAk; ngw;W ,jdfj;Js;s 17 Mk; ge;jpapy; fhzg;gLfpd;w epg;ge;jidfisg; g+h;jj ; p nra;JkpUg;gpd;. mj;jFjpfhz; fhyj;jpd; ,Wjpapy; jhgd tpjpf; Nfhitapd; 11 Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; 11 Mk; gphptpd; fPo; ckJ gjtpapy; ePh; epue;jukhf;fg;gLtPh;. 1956 Mk; Mz;bd; 33 Mk; ,yf;f mur fUknkhopr; rl;lj;jpd; Vw;ghLfSf;Fk;> mur nkhopf; nfhs;ifia mKyhf;Ftjw;nfd jw;NghJ eilKiwapYs;s my;yJ ,jd; gpd;dh; ,aw;wg;glTs;s rl;l tpjpfs; kw;Wk; ahg;Gf;fs; vd;gtw;wpw;Fk; ,zq;fp xOf ePh; cld;gly; Ntz;Lk;. (G+h;jj ; p nra;ag;gl Ntz;ba fhl;lg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;.) tpNrl epge;jidfspUg;gpd; mit Fwpg;gpl;Lf;

17.

18. 19.

,f;fbjk; fpilf;fg;ngw;wik gw;wpAk; ,jpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s epge;jidfspd; fPo; ePH; ,g;gjtpiag; nghWg;Ngw;gu P hntdTk; mwptpf;fTk;. ckJ gjpy; %yk; mDg;gg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. ; ,g;gbf;F ckJ cz;ikAs;s __________________ chpa epakd mjpfhhp

jhgdr; tpjpf;; Nfhitapd; XIV Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; 29:1 Mk; cg gphpT


mur Nritf;F Kjd; Kjyhf epakdQ; nra;ag;gl;L Ntiyiaf; ifNaw;f tUfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUf;F ,yq;ifapy; mikag;ngw;Ws;s jdJ ,y;yj;jpypUe;J Kjy; epakdk; fpilf;fg;ngw;Ws;s ,lk; tiu jdf;Fk;; jdJ FLk;gj;jth;fSf;Fjk; Nrtfh;fSf;Fk; jsghlq;fs; (Jtpr; rf;futz;bfs; cl;gl) gpuahzg; nghUl;fs;> thfdq;fs; vd;gtw;wpw;Fk; nry;tjw;F ,t;tj;jpahaj;jpd; rl;ljpl;lq;fSf;fpzq;f ,ytr Nghf;Ftuj;J trjpfisg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s chpj;Jz;L. mtUf;Ff; $l;Lg; gbfNsh my;yJ nghUl;fisg; nghjp nra;tjw;fhd gbfNsh my;yJ mikar; nryTfNsh chpj;Jilajhfkhl;lh. II Mk; khjphpf; fbjk; (gpd;dh; epue;jukhf;fg;gLk; Nehf;fj; fj;NjhL> epue;jukhdJk; Xa;t+jpa chpaj;JilaJkhd gjtpfSf;F gjpy; flik mbg;gilapy; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLfpd;w epakdq;fSf;fhf) (,g;gbtk; Vw;Gilj;jhtJ cj;jpNahfj;jh; epue;jukhdJk; Xa;t+jpa chpj;JilaJkhd gjtpnahd;wpy; Vw;fdNt epue;jukhf;fg;gl;bUe;jhy; khj;jpuNk MFk;.) ePh ; Me; jpfjp Kjy;jpizf;fsj;jpd; gjtpf;F epakdQ; nra;ag;gLfpd;wh P . ; 2. ,g;gjtp epue;jukhdJk; Xa;t+jpa chpj;JilaJkhFk;. ckJ epakdk; Kd;$l;bNa KbTWj;jg;glhjtplj;J ckJ epakdj;jpy; epue;jukhf;fg;gLtjw;fhd fbjnkhd;W ckf;Ff; fpilf;fg; ngWk; tiu ckJ epakdj; jpfjpapypUe;J Mz;LfSf;Nfh my;yJ #o;epiyf;Nfw;g mf;fhyf;nfLit ePbg;gJ nghUj;jnkdj; jPhk ; hdpf;fg;gl;bUg;gpd;> mt;thW ePbf;fg;gl;l fhynkhd;wpw;Nfh ePh; gjpy; flik mbg;gilapy; Nritahw;Wjy; Ntz;Lk;.

341

3. jhgd tpjpf; Nfhitapd; Vw;ghLfSf;Fk; epjpg;gpukhzq;fSf;Fk; jpizf;fsj;jpd; fl;lisfSf;Fk; fhyj;Jf;fhyk; murhq;fj;jpdhy; ntspaplg;gLfpd;w Vida xOq;Ftpjpfs; kw;Wk; fl;lisfSf;Fk; ePH; fl;Lg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 4. ckJ epakdk; mKYf;F tUtJ ePh; flikiag; nghWg;Ngw;fpd;w jpfjpapypUe;NjahFk;. (gpd;dh; epue;jukhf;fg;gLk; Nehf;fj;Jldhd gjpy; flikf;fhd epakdk; toq;fg;gLtJ gjtpnahd;wpy; epue;jukhf;fg;gl;Ls;s xUtUf;F khj;jpuNkahjyhYk;, mj;jifa cj;jpNahfj;jh;fs; jhk; Kd;G tfpj;j gjtpfspy; gzpGhptjw;Fg; nghUj;jkhd cleyj;Jld; $bath;fnsd cWjpg;gLj;jg;gl;lth;fSf;NfahjyhJk;. 1 Mk; khjphpf; fbjj;jpd; 5 Mk; ge;jp ,q;F Vw;Gilj;jhfhJ.) 5. Nritahw;WkhW ePH; gzpf;fg;gLfpd;w Nritahw;Wjy; Ntz;Lk;. jPtpd; ve;jnthU gpuNjrj;jpyhapDk; ePH;

6. ckJ jpizf;fsj; jiythpdhy; Ntz;lg;gLkplj;J mur cj;jpNahfj;jh;f ; spd; (gpiz) fl;lisr; rl;lj;jpw;F ,zq;f gpiz nrYj;j Ntz;ba flg;ghL ckf;Fz;L. 7. flikiag; nghWg;Ngw;f Kd;dh; nghJ cld;gbf;ifnahd;wpw;Fs; tUkhW ePH; gpujpnahd;W ,j;NjhL ,izf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ) 160 vd;w gbtj;ij epug;gp gzpf;fg;gLfpd;wh P ;. (mg;gbtj;jpd;

8. ckJ epakdk; fpilf;fg;ngw;W xU khj fhyj;jpw;Fs; ,yq;if rdehaf Nrhryprf; Fbaurpd; murpayikg;gpd; 7 Mk; ml;ltizapy; fhl;lg;gl;Ls;s cWjpAiu my;yJ rj;jpak; nra;J mjpy; ifnahg;gkply; Ntz;Lk;. Fwpj;j fhyj;jpw;Fs; mt;thW nra;aj; jtWkplj;J ePH; NritapypUe;Njh my;yJ gjtpapypUe;Njh mfw;wg;gl;ltuhff; fUjg;gLtPh; (gpujpnahd;W ,izf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ). 9. Xa;t+jpa chpj;Jila ckJ jpuz;l rk;gsj;jpypUe;J tPjj;ij tpjitfs; kw;Wk; mehijfs; Xa;t+jpaj; jpl;lj;jpw;F / jGjhuh; kw;Wk; mehijfs; Xa;t+jpaj; jpl;lj;jpw;F cjTnjhifahfr; nrYj;j ePH; flikg;gl;Ls;sh P ;. 10. ePh; flikiag; nghWg;Ngw;f Kd;dh;> ,j;NjhL ,izf;fg;gl;Ls;s nrhj;Jf; fisg; gpufldg;gLj;Jfpd;w gbtj;ij (nghJ 261) ,izg; gpupjpfSld; epug;gp ckJ jpizf;fsj; jiytUf;Ff; ifaspj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 11. Mz;nlhd;wpw;F &gh ....tpy; njhlq;fp &gh... itf; nfhz;l. rk;gs Vw;wq;fspdhy; &gh..tiu mjpfhpj;Jr; nry;fpd;w rk;gsnkhd;W ,g;gjtpf;Fhpj;jhFk;. tUlhe;j jpuz;l rk;gsk; &gh it va;jg; ngWKd; tpidj; jpwd; fhz; jilnahd;W / jilfs; cz;L. ePh; ,g;gjtpapy; gjpy; flikahw;Wfpd;w fhyg;gFjpf;Fs; ckf;Ff; nfhLg;gdT nra;ag;gLfpd;w rk;gsk;> gjpy; flik rk;gsk; njhlh;ghd xOq;FtpjpfSf;fpzq;fj; jPHkhdpf;fg;gLk;. gjtpapy; epue;jukhf;fg;gl;lijaLj;J> rk;gs Vw;w mD$yq;fs; vitNaDk; ,Ug;gpd; mtw;iwf; nfhLg;gdT nra;jjd; gpd;dh; ckJ rk;gsk; jPhk ; hdpf;fg;gLk;. 12. ePh; ,g;gjtpapy; gjpy; flikahw;Wfpd;w fhyg; gFjpf;Fs; ckJ Nrit jpUg;jpfukw;wjhapd; kw;Wk;/my;yJ 15 Mk; ge;jpapy; tpjpf;fg;gl;Ls;s epge;jidfis epiwNtw;w ePh; jtWkplj;J> mg;gjpy; flikahw;Wk; fhyg;gFjpf;Fs; ve;jnthU re;jh;gg ; j;jpNyh my;yJ mf;fhyg;gFjpapd; KbtpNyh Kd;G ePh; tfpj;j gjtpf;F kPzL ; k; nry;y Ntz;b NehpLk;.

342

gjpy; flikahw;Wfpd;w fhyg;gFjpf;Fs; ePh; Kd;G tfpj;j gjtpf;F kPzL ; k; nry;y ckf;F KbAk;. MapDk; gjpy; flikf; fhyg;gFjpapd; ,Wjpapy; ePh; ,g;gjtpapy; epue;jukhf;fg;gbd; Kd;G ePh; gjtp tfpjj ; Nritf;Fj; njhlh;eJ ; k; chpj;jhd xUtuhff; fUjg;glkhl;Bnud;gNjhL> mg;gjtpf;F kPzL ; k; jpUk;gpr; nry;tjw;fhd chpikAk; ckf;F mw;Wg; Ngha;tpLk;. 13. gjpy; flikahw;Wfpd;w fhyg;gFjpf;Fs; ckJ Nrit jpUg;jpfukhdjhapUe;J 15 Mk; ge;jpapy; tpjpff ; g;gl;Ls;s epge;jidfis epiwNtw;wpAkpUe;jhy; gjpy; flikahw;wpa fhyg;gFjpapd; ,Wjpapy; ePh; ,g;gjtpapy; epue;jukhf;fg;gLtPh;. 14. 1956 Mk; Mz;bd; 33 Mk; ,yf;f murfUk nkhopr; rl;lj;jpd; Vw;ghLfSf;Fk; murfUk nkhopf;nfhs;if mKyhf;fj;jpw;nfdj; jw;NghJ eilKiwapYs;s my;yJ ,jd; gpd;dh; ,aw;wg;glTs;s rl;ltpjpfs; kw;Wk; epajpr; rl;lq;fs; vd;gtw;wpw;Fk; ,zq;fpnahOf ePh; cld;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 15. (gapw;rpnahd;iwg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;sy; kw;Wk; NtW ghPl;irfspy; rpj;jpailjy; Nghd;w tpNrl epge;jidfs; G+h;jj ; p nra;ag;gl Ntz;bapUg;gpd; me;epge;jidfisf; Fwpj;Jf; fhl;Ljy; Ntz;Lk;.) ,f;fbjk; fpilf;fg;ngw;wik gw;wpAk; ,q;F fhl;lg;gl;Ls;s tpjpKiwfs; kw;Wk; epge;jidfs; vd;gtw;wpd; fPo; ePH; ,g;gjtpiag; nghWg;Ngw;gu P hntdTk; mwptpf;fTk; ckJ gjpy; . %ykhf mDg;gp itf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. ,g;gbf;F ckJ cz;ikAs;s chpa epakd mjpfhhp III Mk; khjphpf; fbjk; (gpd;dh; epue;jukhf;fg;gLfpd;w gjpy; flik Nehf;fj;jpy; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLfpd;w epue;jukhapDk; Xa;t+jpa chpj;jw;w epakdq;fs;) mbg;gilapy;

(epue;jukhdJk; Xa;t+jpak; chpj;jw;wJkhd gjtpnahd;wpy; Xh; cj;jpNahfj;jh; Vw;fdNt epue;jukhf;fg;gl;bUg;gpd; khj;jpuNk ,g;gbtk; nghUe;Jk;) Iah/ mk;kzp .Me; Njjp Kjy; jpizf;fsj;jpd; .gjtpf;F ePh; epakdk; nra;ag;gLfpd;wh P ;. 2. ,g;gjtp epue;jukhdJ@ MapDk; Xa;t+jpa chpj;jw;wJ:> NkYk;> ckJ epakdk; Kd;$l;bNa KbTWj;jg;glhjtplj;J> ePh; gjtpapy; epue;jukhf;fg;gl;lik njhlh;ghd fbjnkhd;W ckf;Ff; fpilf;Fk; tiu ckJ epakdj; jpfjpapypUe;J Mz;L fhyj;jpw;Nfh #o;epiyf;Nfw;g mf;fhyf;nfLit ePbg;gjw;Fj; jPHk ; hdpf;fg;gl;bUg;gpd; mt;thW ePbf;fg;gl;l fhynkhd;wpw;Nfh ePH; gjpy; flik mbg;gilapy; Nritahw;Wjy; Ntz;Lk;. 3. jhgdf; tpjpf; Nfhitapd; Vw;ghLfSf;Fk;> epjpg; gpukhzq;fSf;Fk;> jpizf;fsj;jpd; fl;lisfSf;Fk;> fhyj;jpw;Ff; fhyk; murhq;fj;jpdhy; tpjpf;fg;gLfpd;w Vida xOq;Ftpjpfs; kw;Wk; fl;lisfs; vd;gtw;Wf;Fk; ePH; fl;Lg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. 4. ckJ epakdk; mKYf;F tUtJ ePh; gjtpNaw;Fk; jpfjpapUe;Nj MFk;. 5. Nritahw;WkhW ePH; gzpf;fg;gLfpd;w Nritahw;Wjy; Ntz;Lk;. jPtpd; ve;jnthU gpuNjrj;jpyhapDk; ePH;

343

6. ckJ jpizf;fsj; jiythpdhy; Ntz;lg;gLkplj;J murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jh;fspd; (gpiz) fl;lisr; rl;lj;jpw;F ,zq;f gpiz nrYj;j Ntz;ba flg;ghL ckf;Fz;L. 7. gjtpiaf; ifNaw;f Kd;dh;> nghJ 160 vd;w gbtj;ij epug;gp cld;gbf;if xd;wpf;Fs; tUkhW ePh; gzpf;fg;gLfpd;wh P > ; (mg;gbtj;jpd; gpujpnahd;W ,j;NjhL ,izf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.) 8. ckJ epakdk; fpilf;fg;ngw;W xU khjj;jpw;Fs; ,yq;if rdehaf Nrhryprf; Fbaurpd; murpayikg;gpd; 7 Mk; ml;ltizapy; fhl;lg;gl;Ls;s cWjpAiu my;yJ rj;jpak; nra;J mjpy; ifnahg;gkply; Ntz;Lk;. chpa fhyg;gFjpf;Fs; mt;thW nra;aj; jtWkplj;J ePH; NritapypUe;Njh my;yJ gjtpapypUe;Njh ePff ; g;gl;ltuhff; fUjg;gLtPh; (gpujpnahd;W ,izf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ). 9. ckJ epakdk; Copah; Nrkyhg epjp chpjj ; hd xU epakdkhFk;. ckJ jpuz;l rk;gsj;jpypUe;J . rjtPjj;ij murhq;f Nrit Copah; Nrkyhg epjpaj;jpw;F cjT njhifahfr; nrYj;j ePh; flikg;gl;Ls;sPh. ; murpd; cjT njhif ckJ Gjpa jpuz;l rk;gsj;jpd; . rjtPjkhFk;. fl;lha cjT njhiff;F Nkyjpfkhf ckf;F rjtPj Ra tpUg;g cjT njhifnahd;iwr; nrYj;jTk; KbAk;. vdpDk;> mjw;fhf murpdhy; vt;tpj cjTnjhifAk; toq;fg;glkhl;lhJ. 10. Ntiyiag; nghWg;Ngw;f Kd;dh; ,j;NjhLs;s nrhj;Jf;fisg; gpufldg;gLj;Jfpd;w gbtj;ij (nghJ 261) ,idg; gpujpnahd;W rfpjk; epug;gp ckJ jpizf;fsj; jiytUf;Ff; ifaspj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 11. Mz;nlhd;Wf;F &ghtpy; Muk;gpj;J &gh.. itf; nfhz;l rk;gs Vw;wq;fs;.dhy; &gh . tiu mjpfhpj;Jr; nry;fpd;w rk;gsnkhd;W ,g;gjtpf;F chpj;jhFk;. tUlhe;j jpuz;l rk;gsk; &gh .it va;jg; ngWKd; tpidj; jpwd; fhz; jilnahd;W / jilfs; cz;L. ePH; ,g;gjtpapy; gjpy; flikahw;Wfpd;w fhyf;nfLTf;Fs; ckf;Ff; nfhLg;gdT nra;ag;gl Ntz;ba rk;gsk;> gjpy; flik Ntjdk; gw;wpa xOq;F tpjpfSf;F mikaj; jPhk ; hdpf;fg;gLk;. gjtpapy; epue;jukhf;fg;gl;ljd; gpd;dh; ckJ rk;gsk;> rk;gs Vw;w mD$yq;fs; vitNaDk; ,Ug;gpd; mit ngw;Wf; nfhLf;fg;gl;lijaLj;Jj; jPHk ; hdpf;fg;gLk;. 12. ePh; ,g;gjtpapy; gjpy; flikahw;Wk; fhyg;gFjpf;Fs; ckJ Nrit jpUg;jpaw;wjhf ,Uf;Fkplj;J kw;Wk;/ my;yJ fPNo 15 Mk; ge;jpapy; fhl;lg;gl;Ls;s epge;jidfis epiwT nra;aTk; jtWkplj;J mg;gjpy; flikahw;Wk; fhyg;gFjpf;Fs; ve;jnthU re;jh;gg ; j;jpYNkh my;yJ mf;fhyg;gFjpapd; KbtpNyh ePH; Kd;G tfpj;j gjtpf;F kPzL ; k; nry;y Ntz;ba epiy ckf;F NehpLk;. gjpy; flikahw;Wfpd;w fhyg;gFjpf;Fs; ePH; Kd;G ; tfpj;j gjtpf;F ckf;F kPzL ; k; nry;y KbAk;. MapDk;> gjpy; flikf; fhyg; gFjpapd; ,Wjpapy; ePH; ,g;gjtpapy; epue;jukhf;fg;gbd;> Kd;G ePH; gjtp tfpj;j Nritf;F njhlh;eJ ; k; chpj;jhd xUtuhff; fUjg;glkhl;Bnud;gNjhL> mg;gjtpf;F kPzL ; k; jpUk;gpr; nry;tjw;fhd chpikAk; ckf;F mw;Wg; Ngha;tpLk;. 13. gjpy; flikahw;Wfpd;w fhyg;gFjpf;Fs; ckJ Nrit jpUg;jpfukhdjhapUe;J kw;Wk; 15 Mk; ge;jpapy; tpjpf;fg;gl;Ls;s epge;jidfis ePH; epiwNtw;wpAkpUe;jhy; gjpy; flikahw;wpa fhyg;gFjpapd; Kbtpy; ePH; ,g;gjtpapy; epue;jukhf;fg;gLtPh. ; 14. 1956 Mk; Mz;bd; 33 Mk; ,yf;f murfUk nkhopr; rl;lj;jpd; Vw;ghLfSf;Fk; mur fUknkhopf; nfhs;if mKyhf;fj;jpw;nfdj; jw;NghJ eilKiwapYs;s
344

my;yJ ,jd; gpd;dh; ,aw;wg;g ; lTs;s rl;ltpjpfs; vd;gtw;wpw;F ,zq;fpnahOf ePh; cld;gly; Ntz;Lk;.

kw;Wk;

epajpr;

rl;lq;fs;

15. (gapw;rpnahd;iwg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;sy; kw;Wk; NtWghPli ; rfs; Mfpatw;wpy; rpj;jpailjy; Nghd;w gpuj;jpNaf epge;jidfs; g+h;jj ; p nra;ag;gl Ntz;bapUg;gpd; me;epge;jidfs; Fwpj;Jf; fhl;lg;gly; Ntz;Lk;.) 16. ,f;fbjk; fpilf;fg;ngw;wik gw;wpAk; ,q;F fhl;lg;gl;Ls;s tpjpKiwfs; kw;Wk; epge;jidfs; vd;gtw;wpd; fPo; ePH; ,g;gjtpiag; nghWg;Ngw;gu P hntdTk; mwptpf;fTk;. ckJ gjpy; . %yk; mDg;gp itf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. ,g;gbf;F ckJ cz;ikAs;s chpa epakd mjpfhhp

IV Mk; khjphpf; fbjk; (jw;fhypf gjtpfSf;fhd epakdk;) Iah/mk;kzp> Me; jpfjp Kjy; jpizf;fsj;jpd; . gjtpf;F ePh; epakdk; nra;ag;gLfpd;wh P . ; 2. ckJ epakdk; jw;fhypfkhdJ. ,e;epakdk; fpilf;fg; ngw;wik fhuzkhf murhq;fj;jpd; fPo; VNjDk; epue;ju Ntiynahd;iwg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;fhd ve;jNthh; chpikNah my;yJ epue;ju Nritf;Fhpa VNjDnkhU epakdj;jpw;fhf mjpf mf;fiw nrYj;jg;gLtjw;fhd chpiknahd;Nwh ckf;Ff; fpilf;fhJ. 3. ckJ epakdj;ij murhq;fj;jpd; tpUg;gj;jpw;F Vw;g KbTWj;j KbAk;. ckf;F ,g;gjtpapypUe;J Nfl;L tpyfj; Njitg;gLkplj;J> gQ;rhq;f khjnkhd;wpw;F Kd;dh; mJ gw;wp mwptpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. mt;thW Kd;dwptpg;gpd;wp Nfl;L tpyFtjhapd; gQ;rhq;f khjnkhd;wpw;fhd Ntjdj;jpw;Fr; rkkhd epjpia ePH; nrYj;Jjy; Ntz;Lk;. 4. jhgd tpjpf; Nfhitapd; Vw;ghLfSf;Fk; epjpg; gpukhzq;fSf;Fk;> jpizf;fsj;jpd; fl;lisfSf;Fk;> fhyj;Jf; fhyk; murhq;fj;jhy; ntspaplg;gLfpd;w xOq;F tpjpfs; kw;Wk; fl;lisfSf;Fk; ePH; fl;Lg;gl;L elj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 5. ckJ epakdk; mKYf;F tUtJ ePh; gjtpNaw;Fk; jpfjpapypUe;jhFk;. 6. Nritahw;WkhW ePH; gzpf;fg;gLfpd;w Nritahw;Wjy; Ntz;Lk;. jPtpd; ve;jnthU gpuNjrj;jpyhapDk; ePH;

7. ckJ jpizf;fsj; jiythpdhy; Ntz;lg;gLkplj;J murhq;f mYtyh;fspd; (gpiz) fl;lisr; rl;lj;jpw;F ,zq;f gpiz nrYj;j Ntz;ba flg;ghL ckf;Fz;L. 8. ckJ epakdk; fpilf;fg;ngw;W xU khjj;jpw;Fs; ,yq;if rdehaf Nrhryprf; Fbaurpd; murpayikg;gpd; 7 Mk; ml;ltizapy; fhl;lg;gl;Ls;s cWjpAiuia my;yJ rj;jpaj;ijr; nra;J mjpy; ifnahg;gkply; Ntz;Lk;. chpa fhyg;gFjpf;Fs; mt;thW nra;aj; jtWkplj;J ePh; NritapypUe;J my;yJ gjtpapypUe;J ePff ; g;gl;ltuhff; fUjg;gLtPh;.(gpujpnahd;W ,izg;ggl;Ls;sJ) 9. ckJ epakdk; Copah; Nrkyhg epjp chpjj ; hd xU epakdkhFk;. ckJ jpuz;l rk;gsj;jpypUe;J . rjtPjj;ij murhq;f Nrit Copah; Nrkyhg epjpaj;jpw;F cjT njhifahfr; nrYj;j ePh; flikg;gl;Ls;sPh. ; murpd; cjT
345

njhif ckJ jpuz;l rk;gsj;jpd; . rjtPjkhFk;. fl;lha cjtpj; njhiff;F Nkyjpfkhf rjtPj Ra tpUg;g cjTnjhifnahd;iwr; nrYj;jTk; ckf;F KbAk;. vdpDk;> mj;njhif rhh;ghf murpdhy; vt;tpj cjTnjhifAk; toq;fg;glkhl;lhJ. 10. Ntiyiag; nghWg;Ngw;f Kd;dh; ,j;NjhLs;s nrhj;Jf;fisg; gpufldg;gLj;Jfpd;w gbtj;ij (nghJ 261) ,izg; gpujpnahd;W rfpjk; epug;gp ckJ jpizf;fsj; jiytuplk; ifaspj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 11. ePH; mwpe;J nfhs;tjw;fhf Ntz;b> jhgd tpjpf; Nfhitapd; XIV Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; 29.1 cg gphptpd; gphpj;njLg;Gifnahd;W fPNo jug;gl;Ls;sJ. ckf;F Gifapuj Mizr; rPlL ; Njitg;gbd; mjw;fhf ckJ jpizf;fsj; jiythplk; Ntz;LNfhs; tpLf;fTk;. 12. Mz;nlhd;Wf;F &ghtpy; njhlq;fp &ghitf; nfhz;l .rk;gs Vw;wq;fspdhy; &gh. tiu mjpfhpj;Jr; nry;Yk; rk;gsjpl;lnkhd;W ,g;gjtpf;F chpj;jhFk;. tUlhe;j jpuz;l rk;gsk; &ghit va;jg; ngWKd; tpidj; jpwd; fhz; jilnahd;W / jilfs; cz;L. ePh; &gh . gzpapy; mkh;jj ; g;gLfpd;wh P . ; vd;w tUlhe;j rk;gsj;jpd; mbg;gilapy;

13. Kd;$l;bNa ckJ epakdk; KbTWj;jg;glhjtplj;J chpa fhyg; gFjpf;Fs; rpq;fs Njh;rr ; pg; ghPli ; rfspy; ePh; rpj;jpngwy; Ntz;Lk;. chpa fhyg;gFjpf;Fs; Njh;rr ; pg; ghPli ; rfspy; rpj;jpailaj; jtWkplj;J> rk;gs Vw;wj;ijj; jw;fhypfkhf epWj;jp itf;f mJ fhuzkhf mikAnkd;gNjhL> Fwpj;j fhyg; gFjpapd; gpd;dh;> NkYk; MW khj fhyj;jpw;Fs; ghPli ; rnahd;wpy; rpj;jpailaj; jtwpdhy; jw;fhypf rk;gs epWj;jk; rk;gs epWj;jnkhd;whf khw;wg;gLk;. mt;thwhd rk;gs Vw;wq;fspd; epWj;jk; ghPli ; rapy; ePh; rpj;jpailAk; tiu my;yJ ckJ Nrit KbTWj;jg;gLk; tiu mKypypUf;Fk;.
,g;guPli ; r

njhlu;ghd tpguq;fs; 1966.09.04 Me; Njjpa 701 Mk; ,yf;f jpiwNrhpr; Rw;wwpf;ifapy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sd. mr; Rw;wwpf;ifapd; gpujpnahd;iw ePu; epakdk; nra;ag;gLfpd;w jpizf;fsj;jpypUe;J ngw;Wf; nfhs;s KbAk;. ckJ epakdk; Kd; $l;bNa KbTWj;jg;glhtpbd;> %d;W Mz;LSf;F mg;ghy; ck;ik Nritapy; itj;jpUg;gJ rpq;fs nkhopapy; ePu; cupa Njh;rr ; piag; ngWtjpNyNa jq;fpapUf;fpd;wJ. MapDk;> ,g;guPli ; rfspy; rpj;jpailfpd;wik khj;jpuk; %d;W Mz;LfSf;F Nkw;gl;l fhynkhd;wpw;F ePh; Nritapy; itf;fg;gLtPh; vd;gijf; Fwpf;fkhl;lhnjdg; Ghpe;J nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;.

14. 1956Mk; Mz;bd; 33Mk; ,yf;f mur fUknkhopr; rl;lj;jpd; Vw;ghLfSf;Fk;> murhq;f nkhopf; nfhs;if mKyhf;fk; njhlh;ghf jw;NghJ eilKiwapy; cs;s my;yJ ,jd; gpd;du;; ,aw;wg;glTs;s rl;l tpjpfs; kw;Wk; epajpr; rl;lq;fs; vd;gtw;wpw;F ,zq;fpnahOf ePh; cld;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 15. ,f;fbjk; fpilf;fg;ngw;wik gw;wpAk; ,q;F fhl;lg;gl;Ls;s tpjpKiwfs; kw;Wk; epge;jidfs; vd;gtw;wpd; fPo; ePH; ,g;gjtpiag; nghWg;Ngw;gu P hntdTk; mwptpf;fTk;. ckJ gjpy; . %yk; mDg;gp itf;fg;gly; tz;Lk;.

,g;gbf;F ckJ cz;ikAs;s chpa epakd mjpfhhp


346

jhgd tpjpf; Nfhitapd; XIV Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; 29:1 Mk; cg cg gphpT


mur Nritf;F Kjd; Kjyhf epakdQ; nra;ag;gl;L Ntiyiaf; ifNaw;f tUfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUtUf;F ,yq;ifapy; mikag;ngw;Ws;s jdJ ,y;yj;jpypUe;J Kjy; epakdk; fpilf;fg;ngw;Ws;s ,lk; tiu jdf;Fk; jdJ FLk;gj;jpdh;fSf;Fk; Nrtfh;fSf;Fk; jsghlq;fs; (Jtpr; rf;futz;bfs; cl;gl) gpuahzg; nghUl;fs;> thfdq;fs; vd;gtw;wpw;Fk; ,t;tj;jpahaj;jpd; rl;ljpl;lq;fSf;fpzq;f ,ytr Nghf;Ftuj;J trjpfisg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s chpj;Jz;L. mtUf;Ff; $l;Lg; gbfNsh my;yJ nghUl;fisg; nghjp nra;tjw;fhd gbfNsh my;yJ mkar; nryTfNsh chpj;Jilajhfkhl;lh. V Mk; khjpupf; fbjk; (mur NritapypUe;J Xa;T ngw;w xUtiu kPzL ; k; NritapyPLgLj;jy;) (,g;gbtk; Kf;fpakhfg; nghUe;JtJ RfaPdf; fhuzq;fshy; Xa;ntLf;f itf;fg;gl;L> Xa;T+jpa cupj;jpd; mbg;gilapy; Kd;G tfpj;j gjtpfspy; kPzL ; k; <LgLj;jg;gLfpd;w Xa;T ngw;wtu;fSf;F khj;jpuNkahFk;.) Iah/mk;kzp ______________________jpizf;fsj;jpy; ePu; Kd;G tfpj;j ___________________gjtpapy; gzpGuptjw;fhf (_______________Me; jpfjp Kjy;) ePu; kPzL ; k;; epakdk; nra;ag;gLfpd;wu P ;. 2. ePu; kPzL ; k; Nritapy; <LgLj;jg;gLtJ Xa;T+jpa gpukhzf; Fwpg;gpd; 16(1)>(2) kw;Wk;(3)Mk; cg gpupTfspd; gpufhuk; Xa;T+jpa cupj;jpd; mbg;gilapyhFk;. 3. fPot ; Uk; epge;jidfSf;Fl;gl;L _______________Me; jpfjpa _______________Mk; ,yf;f Kjy; epakdf; fbjj;jpd; tpjpKiwfs; kw;Wk; epge;jidfs; vd;gd ,J njhlu;ghfr; nry;YgbahFk;. kPzL ; k; Nritapy; <LgLj;jg;gLfpd;w ehs; Kjy; ckf;F Xa;T+jpankhd;W fpilf;fg; ngw khl;lhJ. (ii) ckJ Xa;t+jpak; khw;wg;gl;bUg;gpd;> khw;wg;gl;l Xa;t+jpakhfg; ngwg;gl;Ls;s gzk; tl;bapy;yhf; flndhd;whff; fUjg;gLk;. (iii) Xa;T ngWk; NghJ> ePh; ngw;Wf;nfhz;bUe;j (81.12.31 Me; jpfjp fhzg;gl;l Muk;g rk;gsj;jpw;F Nenuhj;j) Gjpa jpuz;l rk;gsk; ckf;Ff; fpilf;fg;ngWk;. (iv) ckf;F ,jw;Fg; gpd;dh; fpilf;fg;ngw Ntz;ba VNjDk; rk;gs Vw;wnkhd;W fhzg;gbd;> mjidj; jPhk ; hdpf;fpd;w NghJ ,Wjp;ahd rk;gs Vw;wk; fpilf;fg;ngw;w jpfjp> Xa;Tngw;w jpfjp vd;gtw;Wf;fpilapyhd Nritf;fhyk; fzf;fpnyLf;fg;gLk;. (v) gjtpapy; ckJ Nrit %g;G jPHk ; hdpf;fg;gLtJ jhgd tpjpf;Nfhitapd; II Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; ..Mk; cggphptpd; tpjpfSf;F mikthfNtahFk;. (vi) 1956Mk; Mz;bd; 33Mk; ,yf;f mur fUknkhopr; rl;lj;jpd; Vw;ghLfSf;Fk;> murhq;f nkhopf; nfhs;ifi mKyhf;fj;jpw;nfd jw;NghJ eilKiwapy; cs;s my;yJ ,jd; gpd;du;; ,aw;wg;glTs;s rl;l tpjpfs; kw;Wk; epajpr; rl;lq;fs; vd;gtw;wpw;Fk; ePh; ,zq;fpnahOFjy; Ntz;Lk;. 4. kPzL ; k; Nritapy; <LgLj;jg;gLfpd;wik mKYf;F tUtJ ePH; kPzL ; k; flikiag; nghWg;Ngw;Fk; jpfjpapypUe;jhFk;. (i) 5. ckJ epakdk; fpilf;fg;ngw;W xU khjj;jpw;Fs; ,yq;if rdehaf Nrhryprf; Fbaurpd; murpayikg;gpd; 7 Mk; ml;ltizapy; fhl;lg;gl;Ls;s cWjpAiuia my;yJ rj;jpaj;ijr; nra;J mjpy; ifnahg;gkpLjy; Ntz;Lk;. chpa fhyg;gFjpapy;
347

mt;thW nra;aj; jtWkplj;J ePH; NritapypUe;J my;yJ ePff ; g;gl;ltuhff; fUjg;gLtPh; (gpujpnahd;W ,izf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ)

gjtpapypUe;J

6. ,f;fbjk; fpilf;fg;ngw;wik gw;wpAk; ,q;F fhl;lg;gl;Ls;s tpjpKiwfs; kw;Wk; epge;jidfs; vd;gtw;wpd; fPo; ePH; ,g;gjtpiag; nghWg;Ngw;Buh vd;gJ gw;wpAk; mwptpf;fTk;. ckJ gjpy; . %yk; mDg;gp itf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. ,g;gbf;F> ckJ cz;ikAs;s chpa epakd mjpfhhp

VI Mk; khjphpf; fbjk; (jw;fhypfkhdJk; Xa;t+jpa chpj;jw;wJnkd;w mbg;gilapy;> kPzL ; k; Nritapy; <LgLj;Jtjw;fhf) Iah/mk;kzp gjtpapy; gzpf;fkh;jj ; g;gLfpd;wh P . ; Me;

Xa;T ngw;w xUtiu

Njjp

Kjy;

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kPzL ; k;

2. ePh; kPzL ; k; Nritapy; mkh;jj ; g;gLtJ jw;fhypf mbg;gilapy; khj;jpuNkahFk;. 3. ckJ epakdj;ij murhq;fj;jpd; tpUg;gj;jpw;F ,zq;f KbTWj;j ,r;NritapypUe;J tpyf Ntz;ba NjitNaw;gbd; xU gQ;rhq;f Kd;dh; mJ gw;wp mwpaj;juy; Ntz;Lk;. mt;thwpd;Nwy; xU mtfhrkspg;gjw;Fg; gjpyhf xU khj Ntjdj;Jf;Fr; rkkhd gzj;ijr; Ntz;Lk;. KbAk;. ePh; khjj;jpw;F khj fhy nrYj;Jjy;

4. jhgd tpjpf;; Nfhitapd; Vw;ghLfSf;Fk;> epjpg; gpukhzq;fSf;Fk; jpizf;fsf; fl;lisfSf;Fk;> fhyj;Jf;fhyk; murhq;fj;jhy; ntspaplg;gLfpd;w Vida xOq;Ftpjpfs; my;yJ fl;lisfSf;Fk; ePh; fl;Lg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. 5. kPsTk; Nritapy; ,izj;jf; nfhs;sg;gLjy; Ntiyiaf; ifNaw;Fk; jpfjpapypUe;NjahFk;. mKyhf;fk; nra;ag;gLtJ ePH> ;

6. gzpGhpAkhW tpjpf;fg;gLfpd;w jPtpd; ve;jnthU gpuNjrj;jpNyDk; ePH; Nritahw;Wjy; Ntz;Lk;. 7. ckJ jpizf;fsj; jiythpdhy; Ntz;lg;gLkplj;J murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jh;fspd; (gpiz) fl;lisr; rl;lj;jpw;F ,zq;f gpiz nrYj;j Ntz;ba flg;ghL ckf;Fz;L. 8. flikiaf; ifNaw;f Kd;G ,j;NjhLs;s nrhj;Jf;fisg; gpufldg;gLj;Jk; gbtj;ij (nghJ 261) ,izg; gpujpnahd;Wld; epug;gp ckJ jpizf;fsj; jiytUf;F/ vdf;F ifaspj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 9. ckJ epakdk; fpilf;fg;ngw;W xU khjj;jpw;Fs; ,yq;if rdehaf Nrhryprf; Fbaurpd; murpayikg;gpd; 7 Mk; ml;ltizapy; fhl;lg;gl;Ls;s cWjpAiuia my;yJ rj;jpaj;ij nra;J mjpy; ifnahg;gkpLjy; Ntz;Lk;. chpa fhyg;gFjpf;Fs; mt;thW nra;aj; jtWkplj;J ePH; NritapypUe;Njh my;yJ gjtpapypUe;Njh ePff ; g;gl;ltuhff; fUjg;gLtPh; (gpujpnahd;W ,izf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ). 10. ,f;fbjk; fpilf;fg;ngw;wik gw;wpAk; ,q;F fhl;lg;gl;Ls;s tpjpKiwfs; kw;Wk; epge;jidfs; vd;gtw;wpd; fPo; ePH; ,g;gjtpiag; nghWg;Ngw;BuhntdTk; mwptpf;fTk;. ckJ gjpy; . %yk; mDg;gp itf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;.
348

i khw;WKiw kPzL ; k; Nritapy; <LgLj;jg;gLfpd;wtplj;J ckf;Fr; nrYj;jg;glTs;sit ckJ Xa;T+jpar; rk;gsKk; (gbfs; jtpu) ePh; kPzL ; k; Nritf;Fs; cs;sh P f ; f ; g;gLfpd;w gjtpf;Fhpa rk;gsKkhFk;. ii khw;WKiw kPzL ; k; Nritapy; <LgLj;jg;gLfpd;w NghJ ckf;Fr; nrYj;jg;glTs;sit fye;jhNyhrpf;fg;gl;L jPhk ; hdpf;fg;gLfpd;w rk;gsKk; tho;fi ; fr; nryTg; gbAkhFk;. 11. 1956 Mk; ,yf;f 33 Mk; ,yf;f mur fUknkhopr; rl;lj;jpd; Vw;ghLfSf;Fk;> mur fUk nkhopf; nfhs;if mKyhf;fj;jpw;nfd jw;NghJ eilKiwapYs;s my;yJ ,jd; gpd;dh; ,aw;wg;glTs;s rl;l tpjpfs; kw;Wk; epajpr; rl;lq;fs; vd;gtw;wpw;Fk; ,zq;fpnahOf ePh; cld;gly; Ntz;Lk;. 12. ,f;fbjk; fpilf;fg;ngw;wik gw;wpAk; ,q;F fhl;lg;gl;Ls;s tpjpKiwfs; kw;Wk; epge;jidfs; vd;gtw;wpd; fPo; ePh; ,g; gjtpiag; nghWg;Ngw;gu P h vdTk; mwptpf;fTk;. ckJ gjpy;%yk; mDg;gp itf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;.

,g;gbf;F ckJ cz;ikAs;s chpa epakd mjpfhhp VII Mk; khjphpf; fbjk; (gpuirfs; my;yhjth;fis xg;ge;jj;jpd; mbg;gilapy; Ml;Nrh;gG ; r; nra;tjw;fhf) Iah/ mk;kzp ,yq;ifapd;..jpizf;fsj;jpd;gjtpf;F ePh; epakdk; nra;ag;gl;Ls;sh P ;. ePH; epakdk; nra;ag;gLtJ apy; ePh; flikiag; nghWg;Ngw;fTs;s jpfjpapypUe;JtUl fhyj;jpw;fhd xg;ge;jnkhd;wpd; mbg;gilapyhFk;. 2. gzpahw;WkhW gzpf;fg;gLfpd;w jPtpd; vg;gpuNjrj;jpNyDk; ePh; gzpGhpjy; Ntz;Lk;. 3. ,g;gjtp/epakdk; jw;fhypfkhdJ. ,g;gjtpf;Fhpa Gjpa jpuz;l rk;gsk; Xuhz;bw;F &ghMFk;(epiyahdJ). ePh; ,yq;ifapypUf;fpd;w fhyg; gFjpf;Fs; Fwpj;j rk;gsk; xt;nthU gQ;rhq;f khj ,WjpapYk; eilKiwapYs;s nryhtzp tpfpjj;jpw;F mika &gha;fspy; ckf;Fr; nrYj;jg;gLk;. murhq;fj;jpdhy; ckf;F toq;fg;gLfpd;w nfhLg;gdTfs; njhlh;ghf> &ghtpd; ngWkjp $bf; Fiwtijf; fhuzk; fhl;b murhq;fj;jplkpUe;J Nkyjpf epjpiaf; Nfhu ckf;F chpj;Jf; fpilahJ. 4. ckJ jpuz;l rk;gsj;jpypUe;J. rjtPjj;ij murhq;f Nrit Copah; Nrkyhg epjpaj;jpw;F cjT njhifahfr; nrYj;j ePh; flikg;gl;Ls;sh P ;. murpd; cjT njhif ckJ jpuz;l rk;gsj;jpd;. rjtPjkhFk;. fl;lha cjT njhiff;F Nkyjpfkhf rjtPj Ra tpUg;g cjTnjhifnahd;iwr; nrYj;jTk; ckf;F KbAk;. vdpDk;> mjw;fhf murpdhy; vt;tpj cjTnjhifAk; toq;fg;glkhl;lhJ.

349

5. %d;W khj fhy mtfhrkspg;gjd; %yNkh my;yJ mt;thW fhy mtfhrkspg;gjw;Fg; gjpyhf %d;W khjq;fSf;fhd Ntjdj;ijr; nrYj;jpNah ckJ epakdj;ij KbTWj;jpf; nfhs;s KbAk;. ,g;gjtpapypUe;J Nfl;L tpyf ePH; cj;Njrpg;gu P hapd;> flikiag; nghWg;Ngw;Wf; nfhz;l jpfjpapypUe;J %d;W khjq;fs; fle;jjd; gpd;dh;> %d;W khj fhy mtfhrkspj;Njh my;yJ mt;thW fhy mtfhrkspg;gjw;Fg; gjpyhf %d;W khj fhy rk;gsj;Jf;Fr; rkkhd gzj;ij murhq;fj;jpw;Fr; nrYj;jpNah ckf;Ff; Nfl;L tpyfpf; nfhs;s KbAk;. flikiag; nghWg;Ngw;w jpfjpapypUe;J %d;W khjq;fs; foptjw;F Kd;dh; ,g;gjtpapypUe;J Nfl;L tpyfpf;nfhs;tu P hapd; ,f;fbjj;jpd; 12> 13 Mk; ge;jpfspy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s gpuahzr; rPlL ; f;fspd; nryit kPsspg;Gr; nra;a ePH; gzpf;fg;gLtNjhL> nghUe;jpf; nfhz;l el;l <lhf %d;W khjq;fSf;Fhpa rk;gsj;ijAk; murhq;fj;jpw;Fr; nrYj;JkhW ePH; Nfl;Lf; nfhs;sg;gLtPh;. mjw;F Nkyjpfkhf ,f;fbjj;jpd; %yk; ckf;Ff; ifaspf;fg;gLfpd;w midj;J chpikfSk; rYiffSk; ckf;F chpj;jw;Wg; Ngha;tpLk;. 6. yPTfs;; kw;Wk; gpuahzr; rPlL ; f;fs; njhlh;ghftd;wp Vida tplaq;fs; gw;wp jhgd tpjpf; Nfhitapd; Vw;ghLfSf;Fk; epjpg; gpukhzq;fSf;Fk; jpizf;fsj;jpd; fl;lisfSf;Fk;> fhyj;Jf; fhyk; murhq;fj;jhy; ntspaplg;gLfpd;w Vida fl;lisfSf;Fk; my;yJ xOq;FtpjpfSf;Fk; ePH; fPo;gg ; bjy; Ntz;Lk;. 7. ckJ epakdk; fpilf;fg;ngw;W xU khj fhyj;jpw;Fs; ,yq;if rdehaf Nrhryprf; Fbaurpd; murpayikg;gpd; 7 Mk; ml;ltizapy; fhl;lg;gl;Ls;s cWjpAiuia my;yJ rj;jpaj;ij nra;J mjpy; ifnahg;gkply; Ntz;Lk;. Fwpf;fg;gl;l fhyf;nfLtpw;Fs; mt;thW nra;aj; jtWkplj;J ePh; NritapypUe;Njh my;yJ gjtpapypUe;Njh mfw;wg;gl;ltuhff; fUjg;gLtPh. ; (gpujpnahd;W ,izf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ) 8. yPTfisg; nghWj;jtiuapy;> xg;ge;j mbg;gilapy; Fwpg;gpl;l rpy Mz;Lfs; Nritahw;Wfpd;w jw;fhypf Copah;fSf;Fhpa jhgd tpjpf; Nfhitfs; rl;lq;fNs ckf;Fk; nghUe;Jk;. 9. (i) ,g;gjtpf;F ; ePh; epakdk; nra;ag;gLifapy; ckf;Fk;> ePH; kzKbj;jtuhapd; kidtpf;Fk; (gps;isfspUg;gpd;) ck;kpy; jq;fp tho;fpd;w kzk; Kbf;fhj Gjy;tpah;fs; kw;Wk; 18 taJf;Fl;gl;l Gjy;th;fs; cs;spl;l gps;isfSf;Fk;. ypUe;J ,yq;iff;F tUif jUtjw;fhd gpuahzr; rPlL ; f;fs; murhq;fj;jpdhy; toq;fg;gLk;. ,Ue;j NghjpYk; ,t;thW gpuahzr; rPlL ; f;fs; toq;fg;gLtJ ck;ikj; jtph;ej ; ehd;F NgUf;F Nkw;glhj njhifypyf;fq;fSf;F khj;jpuNkahFk;. NkYk; mthfs; ck;NkhL mioj;Jtug;gl;lth;fshfNth my;yJ ePh;.ypUe;J Gwg;gl;L te;J 12 khj fhyg;gFjpf;Fs; ck;NkhL tho;tjw;fhf tUif je;jth;fshfNth ,Uj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. (ii) ckJ epakdj;ij jpUg;jpfukhf epiwNtw;wp Kbf;fpd;w NghJ ckf;Fk;> ePH; kzKbj;jtuhapd; ckJ kidtp kw;Wk; gps;isfspUg;gpd; ck;kpy; jq;fp tho;fpd;w kzKbf;fhj 18 taJf;Fl;gl;l Gjy;th;fs; cs;spl;l gps;isfs; MfpNahUf;Fk; ,yq;ifapypUe;J ..tiuapyhd gpuahzr; rPlL ; f;fs; murhq;fj;jpdhy; toq;fg;gLk;. ,Ue;jNghjpYk; ,t;thW gpuahzr; rPlL ; f;fs; toq;fg;gLtJ ck;ikj; jtpu NkYk; ehd;fpw;F Nkw;glhj xU njhifapdUf;F khj;jpuNkahFk;. mNjNghd;W Nkw;Fwpj;j 9(1) Mk; ge;jpf;fika mth;fs; ,yq;iff;F tUif je;jpUf;f Ntz;Lnkd;gNjhL> mjw;fhf murhq;fk; mth;fsJ gpuahzr; rPlL ; f;fSf;fhd nryitj; jhq;fpapUf;fTk; Ntz;Lk;. NkYk; ckJ epakdk; KbTf;F te;J xU khj fhyj;jpw;Fs; ,g;gpuahzr; rPlL ; f;fisf; Nfhhp mtw;iwg; gad;gLj;jpf; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;.

350

(iii) tpkhdk; %yk; gpuahzk; nra;a ckf;F tpjpf;fg;gLfpd;w NghJ taJ te;j xUtUf;F Ik;gJ fd mbf;Fk; xU gps;isf;F 25 fd mbf;Fk; Nkw;glhj gpuahzg; nghUl;fisf; fg;gy; %yk; vLj;Jr; nry;Yk; chpj;Jz;L. 10. ckf;Fhpa flikfs; ek;gpf;ifahfTk; Neh;ikahfTk; Mw;wg;gLtij cWjpg;gLj;jpf; nfhs;tjw;fhf murhq;fk; jPhk ; hdpf;fpd;wthW VNjDnkhU njhifiag; gpizahf itg;Gr; nra;AkhW tpjpg;gpd;> ePh; mt;thW gpiziar; rkh;g;gpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. mg;gpizf;fhf ePh; VNjDnkhU jtizg; gzj;ijr; nrYj;j Ntz;bapUg;gpd;> murhq;fj;jhy; mj;jtizg; gzk; ckJ rk;gsj;jpypUe;J mwtPL nra;ag;gLk;. 11. RfaPdk; my;yJ cley ,d;Nwy; cseyf; FiwghL fhuzkhfNth tpidj; jpwDld; njhlh;eJ ; k; jPtpy;; flikahw;w Kbahnjd murhq;fj;jpdhy; Kiwahf epakdk; nra;ag;gl;l itj;jpah; FOnthd;W my;yJ murhq;fj;jhy; epakdk; nra;ag;gLfpd;w ,yq;ifapd; kjpAiu kUj;Jth; xUth; cWjpg;gLj;Jkplj;J gjtpapypUe;J Nfl;L tpyfpf; nfhs;s ckf;F KbAk;. ,d;Nwy; Xa;tpy; nry;YkhW murhq;fk; ck;ik typAWj;Jk; mj;jifa RftPdk; my;yJ FiwghL ckJ Jh;elj;ij fhuzkhf Vw;gl;buhjNjhL Nfl;L tpyFfpd;w my;yJ Xa;ntLf;f itf;fg;gLfpd;w re;jh;gg ; j;jpy; ePh; ehl;bYkpUe;jhy; ePh; jPit tpl;lfd;W nry;Yfpd;w jpfjp tiuapyhd fhyj;jpw;F ckf;F rk;gsf; nfhLg;gdTk; toq;fg;gl;L ePh; kzKbj;jpUg;gpd; ckJ kidtp kw;Wk; (gps;isfspUg;gpd;) ck;kpy; jq;fp tho;fpd;w kzKbf;fhj Gjy;tpah;fs;> 18 taJf;F Nkw;glhj Gjy;th;fs; cs;spl;l gps;isfSf;Fk;tiu nry;tjw;fhd gpuahzr; rPlL ; f;f ; Sk; toq;fg;gLk;. ,Ue;jNghjpYk;> ,t;thwhd gpuahzr; rPlL ; f;fs; toq;fg;gLtJ> ck;ikj; jtpu NkYk; ehd;fpw;F Nkw;glhj xU njhifapdUf;F khj;jpuNkahFk;. NkYk; mth;fs; ck;NkhL mioj;J tug;gl;lth;fshfNth my;yJ ePH ; .ypUe;J Gwg;gl;L te;J 12 khj fhyg; gFjpf;Fs; ck;NkhL tho;tjw;fhf tUif je;jth;fshfNth ,Uj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. NkYk; mt;thW Nfl;L tpyfp my;yJ ,isg;ghw itf;fg;gl;L xU khj fhyj;jpw;Fs; kPsr; nry;tjw;fhd mg;gpuahzr; rPlL ; f;fisf; Nfhhpg; ngw;Wf; nfhz;L gad;gLj;Jjy; Ntz;Lk;. ,J jtpu NtW ve;j mDruiziaAk; toq;FkhW murhq;fj;jplk; Nfhu ckf;F chpj;Jf; fpilahJ. 12. ve;jnthU re;jh;gg ; j;jpyhapDk; rhp ckf;F tpjpf;fg;gl;Ls;s flikfspy; vjidAk; epiwNtw;Wtij ePh; Gwf;fzpf;Fkplj;J my;yJ epuhfhpf;Fkplj;J my;yJ (11 Mk; ge;jpapy; fhl;lg;gl;Ls;sthW ckJ Jh;elj;ijf;F mg;ghw;gl;l xU fhuzj;jpdhy; Vw;gl;l RftPdk; ,d;Nwy; cldy my;yJ cseyf; FiwghL jtph;ej ; ) NtNwNjDk; fhuzj;jpdhy; ckJ flikfis my;yJ ckf;F tpLf;fg;gLfpd;w fl;lisfis epiwNtw;w Kbahj epiyf;F ePh; MshFkplj;J> my;yJ murhq;fj;jpd; eltbf;iffs; njhlh;ghd VNjDnkhU jftiy mjpfhukw;w vtUf;NfDk; njhpag;gLj;Jkplj;J my;yJ VNjDnkhU tplaj;jpy; ePH; jtwhf ele;Jnfhs;Skplj;J ePH; Nritapy; ,Ue;J gjtp ePff ; k; nra;ag;glyhk;. mt;thW Nritapy; ,Ue;J gjtp ePff ; g;gLfpd;w NghJ ,f;fbjj;jpdhy; ckf;F toq;fg;gLfpd;w midj;J chpikfSk; gad;ghLfSk; ckf;F chpj;jw;Wg; Ngha;tpLtJ kl;Lkd;wp ,yq;iff;F tUif jUtjw;fhf ckf;Fk; ckJ kidtpf;Fk; (gps;isfspUg;gpd;) gps;isfSf;Fk; jug;gl;l gpuahzr; rPlL ; f;fSf;fhfr; nrytplg;gl;l gzj;ijf; NfhUfpd;w nghOJ murhq;fj;Jf;F kPsr; nrYj;jTk; ePh; flikg;gl;Ls;sh P ;. 13. Nkw;Fwpj;j 11 Mk; ge;jpapy; fhl;lg;gl;Ls;sthW RftPdk; ,d;Nwy; cldy my;yJ cseyf; FiwghL jtph;ej ; NtW xU fhuzj;jpdhy; ,g;gjtpapypUe;J Nfl;L tpyfpdhy; my;yJ 1 Mk; ge;jpapy; fhl;lg;gl;Ls;s fhyg;gFjp Kbtila Kd;dh; epakdk; KbTWj;jg;gl;lhy; ,f;fbjj;jpdhy; ckf;F toq;fg;gLfpd;w midj;J chpikfSk; kw;Wk; rYiffSk; mw;Wg; NghtJ khj;jpukd;wp ,yq;iff;F tUif jUtjw;fhf ckf;Fk; ckJ kidtpf;Fk; (gps;isfs; ,Ug;gpd;) gps;isfSf;Fk; toq;fg;gl;l gpuahzr; rPlL ; f;fSf;F Vw;gl;l nrytpdj;ijf; NfhUfpd;w NghJ murhq;fj;jpw;F kPsspf;f ePh; flikg;gl;LKs;sH P . ;
351

14. ePh; ,yq;ifapy; gzpahw;Wtjw;fhd cldyj; jFjpAilath; vd;gjw;F ..,y; cs;s ,yq;if cah;]j ; hdpfh;/ J}Jthpdhy; mq;ff P hpf;fg; ngw;w jifik tha;ej ; itj;jpah; xUthplkpUe;J ngw;Wf; nfhs;sg;gl;l kUj;Jtr; rhd;wpjnohd;iw flikiaf; ifNaw;f ePH; ,yq;iff;F tUif ju Kd; rkh;g;gpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. me;j itj;jpag; ghpNrhjidf;fhd fl;lzj;ij ePH; nfhLg;gdT nra;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 15. Nkw;Fwpj;j epge;jidfspd; ,f;fbjk; fpilf;fg; ngw;W juTk;. ckJ gjpiy cah;]j ; hdpfh; / J}Jth; itj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. fPo; epakdj;ijg; nghWg;Ngw;f ePH; tpUk;Gfpd;wu P h vd 10 ehl;fSf;Fs; vOj;J %yk; jaT nra;J mwpaj; .. ,y; mike;Js;s ,yq;if Clhf . nrayhsUf;F mDg;gp ,g;gbf;F ckJ cz;ikAs;s . nrayhsh;

352

5 Mk; gpd;dpizg;G
(II - 10:11) ,yq;if rdehaf Nrhryprf; Fbaurpd; murpayikg;G mj;jpahak; IV nkhop
18. ,yq;ifapd; murfUk nkhop rpq;fsnkhopahjy; Ntz;Lk;. 19. ,yq;ifapd; Njrpa nkhopfs; rpq;fsKk; jkpOk; Mjy; Ntz;Lk;. ; 20. ghuhSkd;w cWg;gpdh; xUth; my;yJ cs;Sujpfhu rigapd; cWg;gpdh; xUth; ghuhSkd;wj;jpNyh VNjDk; cs;Sujpfhu rigapNyh ve;jnthU Njrpa nkhopapYk; jkJ flikfisg; GhpaTk; gzpfis epiwNtw;wTk; chpj;Jilatuhjy; Ntz;Lk;. 21. (1) Ms; xUth; ve;jnthU Njrpa nkhopapYk; fy;tp fw;gjw;F chpj;Jilauhjy; Ntz;Lk;.
mur fUknkhop Njrpa nkhopfs; ghuhSkd;wj;jpYk; cs;Suhl;rp kd;wq;fspYk; Njrpa nkhopfisg; gad;gLj;Jjy; fy;tp nkhop

Mapd;> Njrpankhopay;yhj xU nkhopiaf; fy;tp nkhopahff; nfhz;bUf;fpd;w Xh; cah;fy;tp epWtdj;Jf;F ,g;ge;jpapd; Vw;ghLfs; Vw;GiladthjyhfhJ. (2) murpdhy; NeubahfNth Neubapy;yhkNyh epjpaspf;fg;gLk; VNjDk; gy;fiyf;fofj;jpd; VNjDk; xU fw;ifnewpapy; my;yJ gFjpapy; my;yJ Jiwapy;> xU Njrpa nkhopNa fy;tp nkhopahf ,Uf;fpd;wtplj;J> mj;jifa gy;fiyf;fofj;jpy; NrUtjw;F Kd;dh; kw;Wk; Njrpa nkhopapy; fy;tp fw;W te;j khzth;fs; mj;jifa fw;if newpapy; gFjpapy; my;yJ Jiwapy;> me;j kw;wj; Njrpa nkhopiaAk; fy;tp nkhopahf Mf;Fjy; Ntz;Lk;. Mapd;> ,e;jg; ge;jpapd; Kw;Nghe;j Vw;ghLfSf;F ,zq;fpnahOFtJ> me;j kw;wj; Njrpa nkhopahdJ> mj;jifa gy;fiyf;fofj;jpd; my;yJ mijnahj;j NtNwNjDk; gy;fiyf;fofj;jpd; NtNwNjDk; tshfj;jpy; cs;s my;yJ fpisapy; cs;s> VNjDk; xj;j fw;ifnewpapy;> gFjpapy; my;yJ Jiwapy; fy;tp nkhopahf ,Uf;Fkhapd;> ,e;jg; ge;jpapd; Vw;ghLfSf;F ,zq;fpnahOf Ntz;Lnkd;gJ fl;lhakhdjhf ,Uj;jyhfhJ. (3) ,e;j cWg;Giuapy; gy;fiyf;fofk; epWtdj;ijAk; cs;slf;Fk;. vd;gJ cah; fy;tpf;fhd ve;j
epUthf nkhop

22. (1) murfUk nkhopNa ,yq;if KOtjpYk; epUthf nkhopahjy; Ntz;Lk;:

Mapd;> tl khfhzj;jpYk; fPo; khfhzj;jpYk;> nghJg; gjpNtLfisg; NgzptUtjw;fhfTk; gfpuq;f epWtdq;fspdhy; mYty;fs; ahTk; nfhz;L elhj;jg;gLtjw;fhfTk; jkpo; nkhopAk; epUthf nkhopahfg; gad;gLj;jg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. (2) MnshUth; (mYtyh; vd;w jd;ikapy; nrayhw;Wk; mYtynuhUth; ePqf ; yhf) gpd;tUtdtw;Wf;F chpj;Jilatuhjy; Ntz;Lk;: (m) Njrpa nkhopfSs; VNjDk; xd;wpd; %yk; mYtyh; vd;w jd;ikapy; vtNuDk; mYtyhplUe;J nra;jpj; njhlh;Gfs; ngWtjw;Fk; mt;tYtyUld; njhlh;G nfhs;tjw;Fk;> mtUld; mYty; nfhz;L elhj;Jtjw;Fk;> (M) VNjDk; mYtyf Kiwahd ,lhg;ig> gjpNtl;il> ntspaPli ; l my;yJ NtW Mtzj;ijr; Nrhjid nra;tjw;F my;yJ mtw;wpypUe;J gpujpfis my;yJ nghopg;Gf;fis vLg;gjw;F mtUf;Fs;s chpikiar;
353

rl;lk; Vw;Wf;nfhz;lhy;> Njrpa nkhopfSs; VNjDk; xd;wpy; mj;jifa ,lhg;gpypUe;J gjpNtl;bypUe;J> ntspaPlb ; ypUe;J my;yJ NtW Mtzj;jpypUe;J gpujpnahd;iw my;yJ nghopg;nghd;iwg; ngWtjw;Fk; my;yJ tplaj;jpw;Nfw;g> nkhopngah;gn ; ghd;iwg; ngWtjw;Fk;> mj;Jld; (,) mtUf;F toq;fg;gLk; Nehf;fj;Jf;nfd Mtznkhd;W vtNuDk; mYtyhpdhy; vOjp epiwNtw;wg;gLkplj;J> Njrpa nkhopfSs; VNjDk; xd;wpy; mj;jifa Mtzj;ij my;yJ mjd; nkhopngah;gi ; gg; ngWtjw;Fk;> (3) Njrpa nkhopfSs; VNjDk; xd;wpd; %yk; mjd; mYtiy elhj;Jfpd;wJk; tl khfhzj;jpy; my;yJ fPo; khfhzj;jpy; cs;sJkhd cs;@ujpfhurignahd;W> mYtyh; vd;w jd;ikapy; vtNuDk; mYtyhplkpUe;J nra;jpj; njhlh;Gfisg; ngWtjw;Fk; mt;tYtyUld; mj;jifa Njrpa nkhopapd; %yk; njhlh;G nfhs;tjw;Fk; mtUld; mYty; nfhz;L elhj;Jtjw;Fk; chpj;Jilajhjy; Ntz;Lk;. (4) VNjDk; vOj;jpyhd rl;lj;jpd; fPo; Mf;fg;gl;l my;yJ toq;fg;gl;l vy;yhf; fl;lisfSk;> gpufldq;fSk;> tpjpfSk;> Jiz tpjpfSk;> xOq;FtpjpfSk;> mwptpg;Gf;fSk;> fnrw;Wk;> VNjDk; gfpuq;f epWtdj;jpdhy; my;yJ cs@ ; ujpfhurigapdhy; toq;fg;gLk; my;yJ gad;gLj;jg;gLk; Rw;wwpf;iffSk; gbtq;fSk; cs;spl;l Ntnwy;yh mYtyf Kiwahd Mtzq;fSk; ,U Njrpa nkhopfspYk; ntspaplg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. (5) gfpuq;f Nrit> ePjpj;Jiwr; Nrit> cs;Suhl;rpr; Nrit> gfpuq;ff; $l;Lj;jhgdk; my;yJ epajpr; rl;l Kiwahd epWtdk; vd;gdtw;Wf;F Ml;fisr; Nrh;jJ ; f;nfhs;Stjw;fhd VNjDk; ghPli ; rapy;> MnshUth; Njrpa nkhopfSs; VNjDk; xd;wpd; %yk; ghPlr ; pf;fg;gl chpj;Jilauhjy; Ntz;Lk;. Mapd; ,t; chpj;J> mtuJ flikfisg; Ghptjw;F muffUk nkhopapy; Nghjpa mwpitg; ngWjy; epahakhf mtrpakhfTs;stplj;J> mth; mj;jifa VNjDk; Nritapy;> gfpuq;ff; $l;Lj;jhgdj;jpy; my;yJ epajpr; rl;lKiwahd epWtdj;jpy; Nrh;jJ ; f; nfhs;sg;gl;ljd; gpd;dh; epahakhd fhyj;jpDs; murfUknkhopapy; Nghjpa mwpitg; ngWjy; Ntz;Lnkdj; Njitg;gLj;jg;glyhk; vd;w epge;jidf;F mike;jjhapUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. Mapd;> mj;jifa Copaj;jpw;fhd my;yJ gjtpf;fhd gzpfSs; vtw;iwAk;> murfUk nkhopia mwpe;jpUj;jy; jtpu NtW tpjj;jpy; epiwNtw;w KbahkypUf;Fkplj;J> mj;jifa VNjDk; Nritf;F> gfpuq;ff; $l;Lj;jhgdj;Jf;F my;yJ epajpr;rl;lKiwahd epWtdj;Jf;Fr; Nrh;jJ ; f; nfhs;tjw;fhd epge;jidnahd;whf murfUk nkhopapy; Nghjpa mwpit cilatuhf ,Uj;jy; Ntz;Lnkd MnshUth; Njitg;gLj;jg;glyhk;. (6) ,e;j cWg;Giuapy; : mYtyh; vd;gJ rdhjpgjp> vtNuDk; mikr;rh;> gpujpaikr;rh; vd;W my;yJ gfpuq;f epWtdj;jpd; my;yJ cs;@ujpfhurigapd; vtNuDk; mYtyh; vd;W nghUshFk;: mj;Jld; gfpuq;f epWtdk; vd;gJ> murhq;fj; jpizf;fsk; my;yJ epWtdk;> gfpuq;ff; $l;Lj;jhgdk; my;yJ epajpr; rl;lKiwahd epWtdk; vd;W nghUshFk;. 23. (1) vy;yhr; rl;lq;fSk; Jizepiyr; rl;lthf;fq;fSk; ,uz;L Njrpa rl;lthf;f nkhopfspYk; rl;lkhf;fg;gLjYk; my;yJ ,aw;wg;gLjYk; ntspaplg;gLjYk; nkhop Ntz;Lk;@ mit Mq;fpy nkhopngah;gi ; gAk; nfhz;bUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. vitNaDk; ,uz;L ciufSf;F ,ilNa VNjDk; xt;thik ,Uf;Fk; re;jh;gg ; j;jpy; murfU nkhop ciuNa NkNyhq;fp epw;wy; Ntz;Lk;.
354

(2) murpayikg;Gj; njhlq;Fk; Njjpf;F Neh;Kd;dh; tYTiladthapUe;j vy;yhr; rl;lq;fSk;> Jiz epiyr; rl;lthf;fq;fSk; ,ad;wsT tpiuthfj; Njrpa nkhopfs; ,uz;bYk; fnrw;wpy; ntspaplg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. (3) ,t;TWg;Giuapd; (2) Mk; ge;jpapd; Vw;ghLfspd; fPo; rpq;fsj;jpy; ntspaplg;gl;l rl;lNk mj;jifa ntspaPlL ; j; NjjpapypUe;J rl;lkhff; fUjg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk; vd;gNjhL Mq;fpyj;jpy; mjw;fpiznahj;jjhf ,Uf;Fk; rl;lj;jpidg; Gwj;njhJf;FjYk; Ntz;Lk;. 24. (1) murfUk nkhopNa ePjpkd;wq;fspd; nkhopahf ,yq;if vq;fZk; ,Uj;jy; ePjpkd;wq; Ntz;Lk;: mjw;fpzq;f mtw;wpd; gjpNtLfSk; eltbf;iffSk;> murfUk fspd; nkhop nkhopapy; ,Uj;jy; Ntz;Lk;: Mapd;> tlf;F> fpof;F> khfhzq;fspy; Kjdpiy epahahjpf;fj;jpidg; gpuNahfpf;Fk; ePjpkd;wq;fspd; nkhop jkpohfTk; ,Uj;jy; Ntz;Lnkd;gJld;> mtw;wpd; gjpNtLfSk; eltbf;iffSk; jkpo;nkhopapy; ,Uj;jYk; Ntz;Lk;: mj;jifa VNjDk; ePjpkd;wj;jpypUe;J Nkd;KiwaPL nra;ag;gLk; re;jh;gg ; q;fspy;> mj;jifa Nkd;KiwaPli ; l tpsq;Fk; ePjpkd;wj;jpd; gad;ghl;Lf;nfdg; gjpNtLfs; Njrpa nkhopfs; ,uz;bYk; jahhpf;fg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;: Mapd;> NkYk;:(m) ePjp vd;Dk; tplaj;jpw;Fg; nghWg;ghfTs;s mikr;rh;> mikr;ruitapd; xUg;ghl;Lld;> mj;jifa VNjDk; ePjpkd;wj;jpd; gjpNtLk; murfUk nkhopapy; Ngzg;gLjy; Ntz;LnkdTk; eltbf;iffs; murfUk nkhopapy; elhj;jg;gLjy; Ntz;LnkdTk; gzpf;fyhk;: mj;Jld;

(M) mj;jifa ePjpkd;wj;jpy; eilngWk; Fwpg;gpl;l VNjDk; eltbf;if gw;wpa gjpNtL> mj;jifa ePjpkd;wj;jpd; ePjpgjpapdhy; my;yJ mj;jifa eltbf;ifapy; vtNuDk; fl;rpf;fhuuhf my;yJ tpz;zg;gfhuuhf cs;stuhy; my;yJ mj;jifa fl;rpf;fhuupd; my;yJ tpz;zg;gfhuupd; rl;lg;gbahd gpujpepjpahf ,Ug;gjw;F chpj;Jila vtNuDk; Mspdhy; mt;thW Njitg;gLj;jg;gbd; (mj;jifa ePjpgjp> fl;rpf;fhuh;> tpz;zg;gfhuh; my;yJ Ms; jkpo;nkhopia mwpe;jpuhjtplj;J) murfUk nkhopapy; Ngzg;gLjYk; Ntz;Lk;. (2) vtNuDk; fl;rpf;fhuh;> my;yJ tpz;zg;gfhuh; my;yJ mj;jifa fl;rpf;fhuhpd; my;yJ tpz;zg;gfhuhpd; gpujpepjpahf ,Ug;gjw;Fr; rl;lg;gb chpj;Jila vtNuDk; Ms; eltbf;iffis ve;jnthU Njrpa nkhopapYk; njhLf;fyhk; vd;gJld;> tof;FiufisAk; Vida Mtzq;fisAk; ve;jnthU Njrpa nkhopapYk; rkh;g;gpf;fyhk; : mj;Jld; ePjpkd;w eltbf;iffspy; ve;jnthU Njrpa nkhopapYk; gq;Fgw;wyhk;. (3) ePjpkd;wj;jpw; gad;gLj;jg;gLk; nkhopia mwpe;jpuhj vtNuDk; ePjpgjp> A+uh;> fl;rpf;fhuh; my;yJ tpz;zg;gfhuh; my;yJ mj;jifa fl;rpf;fhuhpd; my;yJ tpz;zg;gfhuhpd; gpujpepjpahf ,Uf;fntdr; rl;lg;gb chpj;Jilatuhd vtNuDk; Ms;> mj;jifa ePjpkd;wj;jpd; Kd;dUs;s eltbf;iffis tpsq;fpf; nfhs;tjidAk; mtw;wpy; gq;Fgw;WtjidAk; mtUf;F ,ayr; nra;tjw;fhf murpdhy; Vw;ghL nra;ag;gLk; Njhjhd Njrpa nkhopapyike;j Ngr;R nkhop ngah;gi ; gAk;> nkhop ngah;gi ; gAk; ngWk; chpikiaAk; rl;lj;Jf;fpzq;f mth; ngWtjw;F chpj;JilatuhapUf;ff; $ba gjpNtl;bd; mj;jifa VNjDk; ghfj;ij VNjDk; Njrpa nkhopapy; my;yJ mjd; nkhop ngah;g;gpy; ngWk; chpikiaAk; cilatuhapUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. ePjp vd;Dk; tplaj;Jf;Fg; nghWg;ghfTs;s mikr;rh;> mikr;ruitapd; xUg;ghl;Lld;> VNjDk; ePjpkd;wj;jpYs;s gjpNtLfspYk; eltbf;iffspYk; my;yJ mit njhlh;ghfTk; vy;yh Nehf;fq;fSf;Fkhf my;yJ gzpg;Gfspw;
355

(4)

Fwpj;Jiuf;fg;glf; $bathwhd mj;jifa Nehf;fq;fSf;Fkhfj; Njrpa nkhopay;yhj NtW xU nkhopia VNjDk; ePjpkd;wj;jpy; gad;gLj;Jtij mDkjpj;Jg; gzpg;Gfis toq;fyhk;. xt;nthU ePjpgjpAk; mj;jifa gzpg;Gfisr; nraw;gLj;Jtw;Fg; gzpf;fg;gl;ltuhjy; Ntz;Lk;. (5) ,t;TWg;Giuapy;:ePjpkd;wk; vd;gJ> ePjp epUthfj;jpw;nfd (ifj;njhopw; gpzf;FfisAk; Vida gpzf;FfisAk; tpsq;fpj; jPhj ; J ; ,zf;fk; Vw;gLj;Jjy; cl;gl) cUthf;fg;gl;L jhgpf;fg;gl;l VNjDk; ePjpkd;wk; my;yJ epaharig vd;W> my;yJ ePjpg; gzpfis my;yJ ePjp kUtpa gzpfisg; gpuNahfpf;fpd;w NtNwNjDk; epaha rig my;yJ epWtdk; vd;W> my;yJ gpzf;Ffis ,zf;fpj; jPHg ; g ; jw;nfd cUthf;fg;gl;Lj; jhgpf;fl;l VNjDk; epaha rig my;yJ epWtdk; vd;W nghUshFk;: ePjpgjp vd;gJ> VNjDk; ePjpkd;wj;jpd; jiyth;> jtprhsh;> jiyik jhq;Fk; mYtyh;> cWg;gpdh; MfpNahiuAk; cs;slf;Fk;: mj;Jld; gjpNtL vd;gJ> tof;Fiufs;> jPHg ; G ; f;fs;> fl;lisfs;> Vida ePjp Kiwr; nray;fs;> epUthf Kiwr; nray;fs; vd;gdtw;iwAk; cs;slf;Fk;. 25. ,e;j mj;jpahaj;jpy; Vw;ghL nra;ag;gl;lthwhd nkhopfisg; gad;gLj;Jtjw;Fg; NghJkhd trjpfis muR Vw;ghL nra;jy; Ntz;Lk;. ,t;tj;jpaha
j;jpy; Vw;ghL nra;ag;gl;l nkhopfisg; gad;gLj;Jt jw;Fg; Nghjpa trjpfis Vw;ghL nra;jy;

356

6 Mk; gpd;dpizg;G (V 2: 3) epajpr; rl;l rigfSf;F/$l;Lj;jhgdq;fSf;F tpLtpf;fg;gLtw;fhd/tpLtpg;ig ePbg;gjw;fhd tpz;zg;gg; gbtk;


1. mYtyhpd; ngah;:-...... 2. jpizf;fsk;:-.. 3. jw;NghJ tfpf;fpd;w gjtp kw;Wk; juk; /tFg;G:- 4. gjtp epue;jukhdjh? Xa;T+jpa chpj;Jilajh vd;gJ?;: 5. mth; gjtpapy; epue;jukhf;fg;gl;Ls;shuh vd;gJ?.......................................................... 6. murhq;fj;jpy; Xa;T+jpaj;Jld; $ba gjtpnahd;iw/gjtpfis tfpj;j Nritf;fhyk; :-. 7. gpwe;j jpfjp:-... 8. VNjDk; fl;lha Nritf; fhyj;Jf;fhf murhq;fj;Jf;F gzpahw;w cld;gbf;ifnahd;wpdhy; fl;Lg;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;shuhntdTk; mt;thnwdpd; njhlh;ghd g+uz tpsf;fKk;:- mth; mJ :nkhj;j

9. mth; tpLtpf;fg;gl cj;Njrpf;fg;gl;Ls;s epajpr; rl;l rig / $l;Lj;jhgdk; 10. rigapd; / $l;Lj;jhgdj;jpd; gjtp:-

11. tpLtpf;FkhW Nfhug;gLtJ rigapd; my;yJ $l;Lj;jhgdj;jpd; ve;j epajpr; rl;l Vw;ghLfspd; fPo; vd;gJ?:- (rl;lj;jpd; gphpitf; Fwpgg ; plTk;) 12. tpLtpg;gpd; ,ay;G epue;jkhdJ / jw;fhypfkhdJ vd (cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; tpUg;g ntspg;ghl;lf; fbjk; ,izf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;): 13. tpLtpg;G mKyhfpd;w jpfjp/ Nfhug;gLfpd;w ePbg;Gf; fhy vy;iy?:- 14. tpLtpg;Gf; fhyj;ij ePbf;ff; Nfhhpd;> Kd;G Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;l tpLtpg;gpd; tpguq;fs;: 15. ,jw;F Kd;dh; mth; VNjDk; ntnwhU rigf;F / $l;Lj;jhgdj;Jf;F tpLtpf;fg;gl;bUe;jhuh vd;gJk; mt;thwhapd; mJ njhlh;ghd KOikahd tpguq;fSk; :- 16. 1971. 09. 03 Me; jpfjpa 59 Mk; ,yf;f jhgdr; Rw;wwpfi ; ff; fbjj;jpdJk; kw;Wk; 1972.05.04 jpfjpa 52 Mk; ,yf;f nghJ eph;thfr; Rw;wwpf;ifapdJk; Vw;ghLfs; Vw;GiladthFnkdpd; mr;Rw;wwpf;iffSf;fpzq;f mtjhdpg;Gf;fs; : 17. ,j;jpizf;fsk;/ nghJj; jpiwNrhp vd;gtw;NwhL ,jw;F Kd;dh; Nghf;Ftuj;Jf; fhzg;gl;bUg;gpd; mtw;wpd; njhlh;G:. 18. nghUj;jkhd Vida jfty;fs;:- jpizf;fsj; jiyth;
357

fbjg;

7 Mk; gpd;dpizg;G
(VII 7: 3)
gjtp ePff ; k; nra;ag;gl;l cj;jpNahfj;jh;fSf;F nfhLg;gdT nra;tjw;fhd gbtk; 1. cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; ngah;: 2. gjtpg; ngah;: 3. mikr;R/jpizf;fsk;: 4. Ntiy ePff ; k; nra;ag;gl;l jpfjp: tUlk;:.. khjk;:. jpfjp:.. 5. gjtp ePff ; k; nra;ag;gl;l NghJ fpilf;fg;ngw;w khjhe;j rk;gsk;: 6. jtwpd; ,ay;G:. 7. jtwpd; fhuzkhf muRf;F VNjDk; el;lnkhd;W Vw;gl;bUg;gpd; me;el;lj;jpd; epjpg; ngWkhdk;: 8. xOf;fhw;W tprhuiz elhj;jg;gly; jhkjpg;gjw;fhd fhuzq;fs; ; 9. jpizf;fsj; jiythpd; ghpe;Jiufs;: jpizf;fsj;jpd; njhlh;G ,yf;fk;:. .. jpizf;fsj; jityhpd; ifnahg;gk; . gjtp Ntjdhjpfspd; miug;gFjpia

358

8 Mk; gpd; ; pizg;G gpdd


(XII 14:4) (XV- 4:12)
(KOr; KOr; rk;gsj;Jld;; $ba fw;if tpLKiw ngWfpd;w mYtyh;fs; ifnahg;gkpl Ntz;ba cld;gbf;ifg; gbtk;) (jhgdg; gzpg;ghshpd; mq;ff P hukpd;wp ,g;gbtj;ij jpUj;jk; nra;ayhfhJ)

cld;gbf;if
(,jdfj;J> gpd;dh; murhq;fk; vd rpy ,lq;fspy; Fwpg;gplg;gLfpd;w) ,yq;if rdehaf Nrhryprf; Fbaurpd; murhq;fk; xU fl;rpf;fhuuhfTk; (,jdfj;J> gpd;dh; (1)gapYehpd; mg;gapYeh; vdf; Fwpg;gplg;gLfpd;w)gjtp tfpf;fpd;w (1) KOg; ngah; vd;gth; mLj;j fl;rpf;fhuuhfTk; ,Ue;J> mt;tpU fl;rpapdUk; Mapuj;J njhshapuj;J>Mk; Mz;L> khjk; Me; jpfjpahfpa ,d;iwa jpdk; vOjp xg;gkpLfpd;w cld;gbf;ifg; gj;jpuk;. (,jdfj;J> gpd;dh;> mDruiz Kfth; vd rpy re;jh;gg ; q;fspy; Fwpg;gplg;gLfpd;w) dhy; mg;gapYeUf;F fw;fr; nra;tij ,ayr; nra;Ak; nghUl;L ,jdfj;J gpd;dh; chpa fhyf;nfLntd Fwpg;gL P nra;ag;gLfpd;w Kjy; tiuapyhd fhyj;jpw;F nry;Ygbahfpd;w Gyikg;ghprpnyhd;iw mspj;Js;sikahYk; mt;thNw mg;gapYeUf;F mf;fw;if kw;Wk; gapw;rpg; ghlnewpiaf; fw;gij ,ayr; nra;Ak; nghUl;L ,q;F fPo; tUk; tpjpfSf;Fk; epge;jidfSf;Fk; mika mtUf;F (2)tpLKiwf; (2). KOr; rk;gsj;Jld; $ba fw;if tpLKiwia toq;f ,yq;if fhyk; rdehaf Nrhryprf; Fbaurpd; murhq;fk; ,zq;fpAs;sikahYk;> mt;thNw ,t;tpjpfSf;Fk; epge;jidfSf;Fk; ,zq;f mg;Gyikg;ghprpiy Vw;Wf;nfhs;tjw;Fk; mg;gzpf;fhf (3) f;Fr; nry;tjw;Fk; mg;gapYeh; ,zq;fpAs;sikahYk;> jw;NghJ vOjp xg;gkplg;gLfpd;w cld;gbf;ifapd; cs;slf;fk; tUkhW:1. murhq;fk; tpjpf;fpd;w NghJ mg;gapYeh; (3): w;Fr; nrd;W mDruiz Kfth; kw;Wk;/my;yJ .. dhy; mth; rhh;ghf jahh;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;s fy;tp kw;Wk; gapw;rpg; ghlnewpia chpa fhyf;nfLtpy; myl;rpakpd;wpf; fw;wy; Ntz;Lk;. 2. mg;gapYeh; (3) ,w;F tUif je;jjd; gpd;dh; mDruiz Kfthpd; eph;thfg; nghWg;ghsUf;F jhd; tUif je;Js;isik gw;wp mwptpj;J> jdJ mYty;fs; njhlh;ghf mt;tDruiz Kfth; kw;Wk;/ my;yJ dhy; epakpf;fg;gLfpd;w eghpdhNyh my;yJ egh;fspdhNyh mbf;fb toq;fg;gLfpd;w midj;J mwpTWj;jy;fisAk; gpd;gw;Wjy; Ntz;Lk;. 3. mg;gapYeh; (3) y; ,Uf;fpd;w fhyg;gFjpf;Fs; mth; mf;fy;tp kw;Wk; gapw;rpg; ghlnewpf;F chpj;jhd ve;jNthh; mYtiyAk; Mw;Wjy; Ntz;Lk;. mt;thNw jdJ eltbf;iffs;> tjpT> Vida tplaq;fs; njhlh;ghf. kpUe;J fpilf;fpd;w midj;J mwpTWj;jy;fisAk; FiwNaJkpd;wp Kiwahfg; gpd;gw;Wjy; Ntz;Lk;. 4. mg;gapYeh;.dJ mq;ff P huj;ij Neufhyj;Jld; vOj;J %yk; ngw;Wf; nfhs;shky;> ,q;F Fwpj;Jf; fhl;Lg;gl;Ls;s jifikfs; kw;Wk; /my;yJ gapw;rp jtph;ej ; Ntnwt;tifNaDk; jifikfs; kw;Wk;/ my;yJ gapw;rpnahd;iwg; ngwNth mj;jifa xd;iwg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;fhf NtnwhU fw;if my;yJ gapw;rpg; ghlnewpiaf; fw;fNth Fwpj;j fhyf;nfLtpw;Fs; Kidaf; $lhJ.
359
(3)ehL

5. gapw;rpiag; ngw;Wf;nfhs;fpd;w fhyg;gFjpf;Fs; VNjDnkhU re;jh;g;gj;jpy; jd f;F Vw;g ; Lj;jpf; nfhLf;fg;gl;Ls;s trjpfspd; Neub tpistpd; fhuzkhf mg;gapYeh; VNjDk; xU Gjpa nrad;Kiwia> njhopEl;g Kiwia my;yJ nghwpKiwiaf; fz;L gpbj;jhy; my;yJ mJgw;wpg; ghPlr ; pj;Jg; ghh;jj ; hy; mth; cldbahf mg;Gjpa nrad;Kiw> njhopEl;g fiyKiw my;yJ (4) nghwpKiw gw;wpa rfy t pguq;fSk; jpizf;fsj; mlq;fpa tpsf;fnkhd;iwg; gjpTj; jghypy; (4) w;F mDg;gp itj;jy; jiythpd; gjtpg; ngah; Ntz;Lk;. mt;thNw dhy; mJ ntspg;gLj;jg;gLk; tiu mth; mt;tplaj;ij ,ufrpakhf itj;jpUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 6. mg;gapYeuhy; mf;fw;if kw;Wk; gapw;rp ghlnewpf; fhyf;nfLtpw;Fs; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLfpd;w Ntiynahd;W my;yJ epiwNtw;wg;gLfpd;w Nritnahd;W rhh;ghf jdJ fw;if kw;Wk; gapw;rpg; ghlnewpf;Fg; nghWg;ghfTs;s mjpfhhpfsplkpUe;J ve;jnthU fl;lzj;ijNah my;yJ gzj;ijNah NfhUjy;> Vw;Wf; nfhs;sy; my;yJ ngw;Wf; nfhs;sy; $lhJ. Nkw;Fwpj;jthW mj;jifa VNjDk; fl;lznkhd;Nwh my;yJ gznkhd;Nwh mtUf;F VNjDnkhU re;jh;gg ; j;jpy; nfhLg;gdT nra;ag;gl;lhy; (4).dhy; tpjpf;fg;gLfpd;wthW mth; me;epjp njhlh;ghd nghUj;jkhd eltbf;iffis vLj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 7. mg;gapYeh; jhd; (3) .,y; jq;fpapUf;fpd;w fhyg;gFjpf;Fs; jdJ fw;if kw;Wk; gapw;rp njhlh;ghd gUt mwpf;iffis mDruiz Kfthpd; epUthfg; gpujhdpA+lhf mj;jhl;rpg;gLj;jp (4) ,w;F mDg;gp itj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 8. mt;thNw> m) mg;gapYehpd; Ntiy kw;Wk;/my;yJ elj;ij jpUg;jpfukhf ,y;yhjtplj;J> M) Neha;tha;gg ; l;lik my;yJ njhlh;eJ ; k; gapw;rp ngw jifikaw;wtuhapd;> ,) <) cldy hPjpahf gytPdKw;wik fhuzkhf mg;gapYeh; nghUj;jkw;wtuhapd; my;yJ kw;Wk; epge;jidfs;

mg;gapYeh; ,q;F tpjpf;fg;gl;Ls;s tpjpKiwfs; vd;gtw;wpw;F mika ele;J nfhs;sj; jtWthuhapd;>

mg;gapYeh; jhd; ngw;Wf; nfhs;fpd;w fy;tp njhlh;ghf (4) .,w;F gUt mwpf;iffis mDg;gp itg;gijg; Gwf;fzpg;ghuhapd;>

(c) mg;gapYeh; murhq;fj;ijNah my;yJ me;ehl;L kf;fisNah my;yJ me;ehl;bd; gof;fq;fisNah tpkh;rpg;ghuhapd; my;yJ mJ njhlh;ghd nghUj;jkw;w ntspg;gLj;Jifnahd;iw ntspapLthuhapd;> ,t;nthg;ge;jj;ij twpjhf;fp mg;gapYeiu ve;jnthU re;jh;gg ; j;jpYk; kPzL ; k; tutiog;gjw;F (4),w;Fr; Rje;jpuk; cz;L. VNjDnkhU tpjj;jpy; xU Kf;fpa fhuzj;jpdhy; mDruiz Kfth; mg;gapYehpd; gpuahz cjtpj; njhifapypUe;J kPs; tUiff;fhd gpuahzr; nryit toq;fhjpUf;fj; jPhk ; hdpf;Fkhapd;> ,yq;iff;fhd kPst ; Uiff;Fhpa gpuahzr; nryit mg;gapYeh; jhNd jhq;fpf; nfhs;Sjy; Ntz;Lk;. 9. (3) .. ,y; mf;fw;if kw;Wk; gapw;rp Kbtile;jjd; gpd;dh; jdf;F (4).,lkpUe;J NtNwJk; fl;lis fpilf;fg; ngwtpy;iyNay;> mg;gapYeh; cldbahf ,yq;iff;F kWgbAk; te;J murhq;fj;jpd; fPo; jdJ flikfis kPzL ; k; nghWg;Ngw;Wf; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. mt;thW kPzL ; k; flikiag; nghWg;Ngw;Wf; nfhz;l jpfjp Kjy; (5). Mz;LfSf;Ff; Fiwahj fhyj;jpw;F murhq;fj;jpw;Fg; gzpGhpa
360

(5) fl;lha Nritf; fhyk;

Ntz;Lnkd tpjpf;fg;gLkplj;J mt;tpjpf;fpzq;f mf;fhyg; gFjp KbtilAk; tiu murhq;fj;jpd; fPo; gzpahw;Wjy; Ntz;Lk;. 10. njhlh;ghd mf; fw;if kw;Wk; gapw;rpg; ghlnewpiaf; fw;fpd;w fhyg; gFjpf;Fs; mg;gapYeh; jdJ jpizf;fsjjpd;; cj;jpNahfj;jh;fSf;F ruhrhpahfTk; gpuj;jpNafkhfTk; gaDilj;jhd tplaq;fs; njhlh;ghfg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;sg;gl;l mwpTg;gug;gpid cs;slf;fpa g+uz mwpf;ifnahd;iw jhd; Ntiyiag; nghWg;Ngw;W khjq;fSf;Fs; jdJ jpizf;fs cj;jpNahfj;jh;fs; mwpe;J nfhs;tjw;fhf(4)..,lk; rkh;g;gpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 11. ..,y; ,Uf;fpd;w NghJ Neha;tha;gg ; l;lik fhuzkhf jdJ gapw;rpf; fhyf;nfLit KbTWj;JkhNwh my;yJ ePbf;fr; nra;AkhNwh Nfhhp mg;gapYehpdhy;(4),lk; tpz;zg;gg; gbtnkhd;W rkh;gg ; pf;fg;gLkhapd;> Neha;tha;gg ; l;Ls;sikia cWjpg;gLj;Jtjw;fhf (6).apdhy; mq;ff P hpf;fg;gl;l itj;jpa cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUthplkpUe;J ngwg;gl;l rhd;wpjo; xd;iwAk; mt;tpz;zg;gj;NjhL rkh;g;gpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 12. VNjDnkhU tplak; fhuzkhf gapYeUf;F mg;gapw;rpf; fhyj;jpd; NghJ ePbg;G mq;ff P hpf;fg;gl;lhy; mt;thW ePbf;fg;gl;l fhyf;nfLtpw;Fs; mth; ,t;Tld;gbf;ifapy; cs;s tpjpKiwfSf;fpzq;f njhlh;eJ ; k; gapw;rpiag; ngw;Wf;nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;. NkYk; ePbf;fg;gl;l mf;fhyf;nfLTk; gapw;rpngWk; fhyf;nfLtpd; xU gFjpnad Muk;gj;jpNyNa cl;Nrh;f;fg;gl;l xd;whff; fUjg;gLtNjhL mt;thW ePbf;fg;gl;l fhyf;nfL njhlh;ghfTk; ,t;Tld;gbf;ifapd; Vw;ghLfs; vy;yh tifapYk; Vw;Gilj;jhFk;. Nkw;Fwpj;jthW mf;fhyf;nfLit ePbg;gjw;F mq;ff P huk; mspf;fg;gl;bUg;gpd; kPzL ; k; flikiaf; ifNaw;wjd; gpd;dh; ,q;F Muk;gj;jpy; fhl;lg;gl;Ls;s Mz;L fhyf;nfLTf;F Nkyjpfkhf NkYk; xU fhyf;nfLTf;F murhq;fj;jpw;Fr; Nrit nra;a Ntz;LnkdTk; tpjpf;fg;gl;lhy; mk;Nkyjpf fhyf;nfL fopAk; tiu mg;gapYeh; murhq;fj;jpw;Fr; Nrit nra;a ,j;jhy; ,zq;Ffpd;whh;. 13. (m) mg;gapYeh; mg;ghlnewpapd; fhyf;nfL Kbtiltjw;F Kd;dh; (4) ,dhy; jpUg;jpaw;wit vdf; fUjg;glf; rpw;rpy fhuzq;fspdhy; jdJ Gyikg; ghprpypypUe;J Nfl;L tpyfpf;nfhz;lhy; my;yJ jdJ fw;if kw;Wk; gapw;rp Mfpatw;iwf; iftpl;Ltpl;lhy;> ,t;Tld;gbf;ifapd; fPo; fpilf;fg;ngWfpd;w midj;Jg; gad;fSk; mtUf;F chpjj ; w;witfshff; fUjg;gLk;. mNjNghd;W mth; Nfl;L tpyfpf;nfhz;l jpfjp tiu mg;Gyikg; ghprpy; njhlh;ghf murhq;fKk; mDruiz KftUk; mth; rhh;ghf nrytpl;l nrytpdq;fis KOikahf murhq;fj;jpw;F kPsr; nrYj;j mth; flikg;gl;Ls;shh;. NkYk; ,yq;iff;F kPzL ; k; tUtjw;fhd Vw;ghLfisr; nra;J nfhs;tJk; mg;gpuahzj;Jf;fhd gazr; rPlL ; f;fhd gzj;ijr; nrytpLtJk; mtuhNyNa Nkw;nfhs;sg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. mg;gapYeUf;F toq;fg;gl;l mg;gapw;rp trjpfs; mthpd; Ntiy kw;Wk;/my;yJ elj;ij vd;gd jpUg;jpfukhditahf mikahj fhuzj;jpdhy; mDruiz Kfthpdhy; nry;Ygbaw;wjhf;fg;gl;lhy; my;yJ ,q;F 8 (m)>(,)>(<) my;yJ (c) vd;w gphpTfspd; fPo; mg;gapYeh; kPzL ; k; ,yq;iff;F miof;fg;gl;lhy; my;yJ ,yq;iff;F kPzL ; k; tUif jUkhW fl;lisaplg;gl;likahy; mg;gapYeh; ,yq;iff;F kPzL ; k; tUif je;jhy; my;yJ jdJ fw;if kw;Wk; gapw;rpg; ghlnewp Kbtile;jjd; gpd;dh; ,d;Nwy; chpa fhyj;jpw;F Kd;dh; mf;fw;if kw;Wk; gapw;rpia Kbj;Jf; nfhz;ljd; gpd;dh; kPzL ; k; flikiaf; ifNaw;fj; jtwpdhy; my;yJ murhq;fj;jpd; fPo; kPzL ; k; flikiaf; ifNaw;Wf;nfhz;ljd; gpd;dh; Nkw;Fwpj;jthW jdJ flikiaf; ifNaw;Wf; nfhz;l jpfjpapypUe;J Mff; Fiwe;jJ
361

(6) fy;tp gapYk; ehl;by; cs;s ,yq;ifg; gpujpepjp

(M)

(5). Mz;LfshtJ murhq;fj;jpw;Fr; Nrit nra;aj; jtwpdhy; my;yJ Nkw;Fwpj;jthW jdJ flikiaf; ifNaw;Wf; nfhz;ljd; gpd;dh; me;j. Mz;L fhyf;nfL foptjw;F Kd;dh; murhq;fj;jpd; fPo; ngw;Wf; nfhz;Ls;s epakdj;jpypUe;J Nfl;L tpyfpf; nfhz;lhy; my;yJ me;j (5).fhyf;nfL fopa Kd;dh; tpidj; jpwdpd;ik fhuzkhf my;yJ NtW VJ xd;wpd; fhuzkhf mth; gjtpePff ; k; nra;ag;gl;lhy; ,d;Nwy; gjtpapypUe;J mfw;wg;gl;lhy; my;yJ me;j Mz;L fhyf;nfL fopa Kd;dh; mthpd; taJ mWgij mila Kd;dh; ,isg;ghw tpUg;gk; njhptpj;jpUe;jhy; my;yJ ,t;Tld;gbf;ifapd; NtNwNjDk; epge;jidiag; gpd;gw;w mth; jtwpdhy; mJtiu ,g;Gyikg; ghprpYf;fhf mg;gapYeh; rhh;ghf murhq;fj;jpw;Fk; mDruiz KftUf;Fk; nrytpl Ntz;b Vw;gl;l nrytpdq;fis mg;gapYeh; murhq;fj;jpw;F kPsr; nrYj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. 14. mg;gapYeh; jdJ gapw;rpia Kbj;J tpl;L my;yJ chpa fhyj;jpw;F Kd;dh; gapw;rp ,ilepWj;jg;gl;L ,yq;iff;F kPs tUif jUkplj;J Nkw;Fwpj;j me;j (5) . Mz;L fhyg; gFjpnahd;wpw;F mtiur; Nritapy; <LgLj;j murhq;fk; gpzpf;fg;gl;Ls;snjd ,q;F Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s ve;jnthd;wpdhYk; #rfkhf czh;jj ; g;gl;Ls;sjhff; fUjg;glf; $lhnjd;gNjhL> mt;thW fUjg;gl;lnjd nghUs;Nfhly; nra;ag;glTk; $lhJ. 15. Nkw;Fwpj;j 12Mk; 13Mk; gphpTfspd; fPo; murhq;fj;jpw;F mwtplg;gl Ntz;bajhfTk; nfhLg;gdT nra;ag;gl Ntz;bajhfTk; cs;s gzj; njhif njhlh;gpyhd fzf;F ntspg;gLj;Jifnahd;whff; fUjg;glf;$baJk; (4)..dhy; my;yJ mth; rhh;ghf mj;jhl;rpg;gLj;jg;gl;lnjdf; fUjg;glf;$baJkhd Xh; Mtzk;> mJ vOjg;gl;L ifnahg;gkplg;gl;lnjdTk; mjpy; mlq;fpAs;s tplaq;fs; my;yJ mjpy; ,lg;gl;Ls;s ifnahg;gq;fs; ep&gpf;fg;gLtjw;F Nkyjpf my;yJ NtW fhuzpfs; vitAk; Njitg;glhj Kfj;Njhw;w mstpyhd rhl;rpnahd;nwdTk; ,j;jhy; cld;ghL nfhs;sg;gLfpd;wJ. 16. Nkw;Fwpj;j 8Mk;> 9 Mk; kw;Wk; 13 Mk; gphpTfspy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s ve;jnthU tplak; njhlh;ghfTk; (4). dhNyh my;yJ mth; rhh;ghfNth ifnahg;gkplg;gl;l rhd;wpjnohd;W> mjpy; mlq;fpAs;s tplaq;fs; my;yJ ,lg;gl;Ls;s ifnahg;gq;fs; vd;gd ep&gpf;fg;gLtjw;F Nkyjpf my;yJ NtW fhuzpfs; vitAk; Njitg;glhj Kfj;Njhw;w mstpyhd rhl;rpnahd;nwdTk; ,j;jhy; cld;ghL nfhs;sg;gLfpd;wJ. 17. vd;w nrhw;nwhlhpd; %yk; fUjg;gth; (4).. vDk; gjtpia tfpg;gtNuh my;yJ mg;gjtpapy; gjpy; flik Mw;WgtNuh my;yJ jw;NghJ (4) dhy; Mw;wg;gLfpd;w flikfis mg;NghJ Mw;wpa cj;jpNahfj;jNuh Mthh;. 18. nrytpdq;fs; vd;w nrhy; gapw;rpf; fhyf;nfLTf;Fs; gapYeUf;F toq;fg;gl;l rk;gsq;fs; kw;Wk; gbfs;> gazr; rPlL ; f;fhd nryTfs; mg;gapw;rpapidg; ngw;Wf; nfhz;bUe;j NghJ VNjDk; tpNrl nfhLg;gdnthd;W toq;fg;gl;bUg;gpd; me;jg; gbfs;> itj;jpar; nryTfs;> mg;gapw;rpg; ghlnewpf;fhd fl;lzq;fs;> Kw;gzq;fs; my;yJ gbfs; vd;w tifapy; gapYeUf;Nfh my;yJ mth; rhh;ghfNth VNjDk; gzj;njhif nrYj;jg;gl;bUg;gpd; mg;gzk; vd;gtw;iw cs;slf;Fk;.

362

,jw;Fr; rhl;rpahf ,t;thtzj;NjhL njhlh;Gila mt;tpU jug;gpdh;fSk; Mapuj;J njhs;shapuj;JMk; Mz;L.khjk; Me; Njjp nfhOk;gpy; itj;J ifnahg;gkpl;ldh;. ,yq;if rdehaf Nrhryprf; FbauRf;fhf kw;Wk; mJ rhh;ghfr; nraw;gLfpd;w ..fPo; tUk; rhl;rpahsh;fspd; Kd;dpiyapy; ifnahg;gkplg;gl;lhnudTk; ifnahg;gk; rhl;rpahsh;fs; 1. ifnahg;gk; :-.. ngah;:. Kfthp: 2. ifnahg;gk; :- . ngah;:. Kfthp:. mg;gapYeh; gpd;tUk; rhl;rpahsh;fspd; Kd;dpiyapy; ifnahg;gkpl;lhnudTk; gapYehpd; ifnahg;gk; rhl;rpahsh;fs; 1. ifnahg;gk; :- ngah;:. Kfthp;:.. 2. ifnahg;gk; :. ngah;: Kfthp

363

9 Mk; gpd;dpizg;G
(XII 16:5) (XV 5:1) rk;gskw;w fw;if tpLKiwapy; nry;fpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jh;fs; ifnahg;gkplNtz;ba cld;gbf;ifg; gbtk; (jhgdg; gzpg;ghshpd; mq;ff P hukpd;wp ,g;gbtj;ij jpUj;jpaikf;ff; $lhJ) (,jdfj;J gpd;dh; cj;jpNahfj;jh; vdf; Fwpg;gplg;gLfpd;w (1).vd;gth; (1) jpNahfj; xU fl;rpf;fhuuhfTk; (,jdfj;J gpd;dh; murhq;fk; vdf; Fwpg;gplg;gLfpd;w) ,yq;if cj; jhpd; KOg; rdehaf Nrhryprf; Fbaurpd; murhq;fj;jpwf ; hf kw;Wk; Mj rhh;ghf nraw;gLfpd;w ngaUk; gjtpg; (,jdfj;Jg; gpd;dh; (2)vdf; Fwpg;gplg;gLfpd;w) ,yq;ifapd; ngaUk; epWtdj; (3)gjtpia tfpf;fpd;w (2) mLj;j (2) jiythpd; KOg; ngah; fl;rpf;fhuuhftpUe;J (3) . Gjtpia tfpf;fpd;w me;j (3) ,d; (3) epWtdj; gpd;dh; mg;gjtpf;F fhyf;fpukj;jpy; epakdk; nra;ag;glTs;s mtuJ gpd;DWNthUk; jiythpd; ngah; (3)vDk; nrhw;nwhlUf;Fs; mlq;Fth;) mt;tpU fl;rpapduhYk; gjtpg; (4) Mapuj;Jj; njhs;shapuj;JMk; Mz;L .khjk;Me; rk;gskw;w LKiwf; jpfjpahfpa ,d;W vOjpf; ifnahg;gkplg;gLfpd;w cld;gbf;ifg; gj;jpuk;. tp fhyk; (5)..w;Fr; nrd;W (6) gw;wpa fw;if/gapw;rpg; (5)fw;if/gap w;rp ghlnewpnahd;iwf; fw;gij ,ayr; nra;aj; jf;fthW Nkw;Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jh; ghlnewpf;Fr; Yfpdw ; Kjd; Kjyhf (4)..khj fhynkhd;wpw;F rk;gskw;w nry; ehL tpLKiwiaf; NfhhpapUg;gjhYk;> (6)fw;if/gap mt;thNw mg;gzpf;fhf mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jUf;F 19.. Mk; jpfjp Muk;gpf;fpd;w (4).khj fhynkhd;wpw;F rk;gskw;w tpLKiw toq;f murhq;fk; ,zq;fpapUg;gjhYk;> ,g;nghOJ vOjpf; ifnahg;gkpLfpd;w cld;gbf;ifapd; cs;slf;fk; tUkhW: (1) (5)f;Fr; nrd;W (6) njhlh;ghd fy;tp/ gapw;rpg; ghlnewpnahd;iwf; fw;gij ,ayr; nra;Ak; nghUl;L Nkw;Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F 19 Mk; Njjp Kjy; (4)khjq;fSf;F rk;gskw;w tpLKiwia mDkjpf;f murhq;fk; cld;gLfpd;wJ. (2) mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jh; (i) Nkw;Fwpj;j rk;gskw;w tpLKiwia mDkjpf;ff; fhuzkhd fw;if/ gapw;rpg; ghlnewpiaf; FiwNtJkpd;wp Cf;fj;NjhL fw;gjhfTk;> (ii) me;j (3),d; Kd;dDkjpapd;wpj; jdJ fw;if/ gapw;rpg; ghlnewpia khw;wpaikf;fNth my;yJ mf;fw;if /gapw;rpg; ghlnewpapd; fhyj;ijr; RUf;fpf; nfhs;sNth my;yJ mt;Ntjdkw;w tpLKiwapy; vQ;rpAs;s ve;jnthU fhyg;gFjpiaAk; Ntnwe;jg; gzpapYk;; <LgLj;jNth my;yJ gad;gLj;jNth khl;lhnjdTk;> (iii) Nkw;Fwpj;j Ntjdkw;w tpLKiwf; fhyk; Kw;Wg; ngwy; mt;thwpd;Nwy; Nkw;Fwpj;j fy;tp / gapw;rpg; ghlnewp KbTf;Ftuy; Mfpa ,uz;by; vJ Kjypy; ,lk; ngWfpwNjh mJ ,lk; ngw;W Kbe;jTld;, ,yq;iff;F kPzL ; k; tUif je;J> murhq;fk; vLf;fpd;w jPhk ; hdj;i ; j ,Wjp Kbthf Vw;W> mjw;Ff; fl;Lg;gl;L> murhq;fk; tpjpf;fpd;wthW VNjDk; gjtpnahd;wpw;fhd Ntiyiag; nghWg;Ngw;Wf; nfhz;L Ntiyiag; nghWg;Ngw;Wf; nfhz;l jpfjpapypUe;J (7). khj fhyj;jpw;F Fiwahj xUfhyg;gFjpf;Ff; murhq;fj;jpd; fPo; gzpGupaf; fl;Lg;gl;Ls;shnudTk;, (iv) mth; Fwpj;j jifikfisg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;sj;jtwpd; my;yJ jdf;F; mDkjpf;fg;gl;Ls;s Ntjdkw;w tpLKiwf; fhyk; Kw;Wg;ngWfpd;w NghJ ,yq;iff;F kPzL ; k; tUif ju kWg;gpd; my;yJ ,yq;iff;F kPzL ; k; tUif je;jjd; gpd;dh; Nkw;Fwpj;jthW murhq;fj;jpd; fPo; Ntiyiag; nghWg;Ngw;fj; jtwpd; my;yJ murhq;fj;jpd; fPo; Ntiyiag;
364
w;rpg; ghlnewp

nghWg;Ngw;Wf; nfhz;ljd; gpd;dh;, Ntiyiag; nghWg;Ngw;Wf; nfhz;l jpfjpapypUe;J Mff; Fiwe;jJ (7)khjq;fNsDk; gzpGupaj; jtwpd; my;yJ Nkw;Fwpj;jthW Ntiyiag; nghWg;Ngw;Wf;nfhz;ljd; gpd;du; me;j(7)..khj fhyk; epiwtila Kd;du; murhq;fj;jpd; fPo; tfpf;fpd;w gjtpapypUe;J Nfl;L tpyfpd; my;yJ me;j(7).khj fhyk; Kbtila Kd;du; tpidj;jpwdpd;ik my;yJ nrytpdq;fisf; Fiwj;jy; Mfpa fhuzq;fs; jtph;ej ; NtNwNjDk; fhuznkhd;wpdhy; NritapypUe;J ePff ; g;gbd;; ,d;Nwy; gjtpapypUe;J mfw;wg;g ; bd;, mg;gbAkpd;Nwy; ,e;j xg;ge;jj;jpd; Vida epge;jidfspy; vijANk gpd;gw;wj;jtwpd;, ,yq;ifapd; nry;Ygbahd gzj;jpy; (8)...&ghit murhq;fj;jpw;F nrYj;JtjhfTk;> ,j;jhy;; ,zf;fk; njhptpf;fg;gLfpd;wJ. (3) jdf;F toq;fg;gl;Ls;s Ntjdkw;w tpLKiwf; fhyj;ij ePbf;fr; nra;AkhW mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jh; NfhUfpd;w NghJ murhq;fj;jpd jdpahd jw;WzpGf;fpzq;f mt;Nt ; jdkw;w tpLKiwf;fhyj;ij mbf;fb ePbf;fr; nra;a murhq;fj;jpw;F KbAnkdTk;> jpwj;jtu;fspilNa ,j;jhy; NkYk; cld;ghL nfhs;sg;gLfpd;wJ. mg;gbapUe;j NghjpYk; Ntjdkw;w tpLKiwf;fhyk; mt;thW ePbf;fr; nra;ag;gLfpd;w NghJ kPzL ; k; flikiaf; ifNaw;Wf;nfhz;ljd; gpd;du; Nritahw;w Ntz;ba fl;lha Nritf;fhyk; murhq;fj;jhy; jPhk ; hdpf;fg;ggLfpd;w kw;nwhU Nkyjpf fhynkhd;wpdhYk;> mNj Nghd;W ,t;nthg;ge;jj;jpd; epge;jidfis kPwpdhy; Nkw;Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jh; nrYj;j Ntz;ba epjp murhq;fj;jpdhy; jPhk ; hdpf;fg;gLfpd;w kw;nwhu; Nkyjpfj; njhifapdhYk; tpfpjhrhu hPjpapy; mjpfupf;fg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. * fPNo (4) jug;gl;Ls;s Fwpg;igg; ghh;ff ; .

(7) fl;lha Nritf; fhyk; (,J XII Mk; mj;jpahaj; jpd; 16:15 Mk; cg gphpTf;fpzq; f fzf;fplg;g Ljy; Ntz;Lk;)

jz;lidg; gzk;( ,J XV Mk; mj;jpaha j;jpd; S:2 Nk; cg gphptpwf ; i ka fzf;fplg; gly; Ntz;Lk;)

Ntjdkw;w tpLKiwf; fhyk; mt;thW ePbf;fg;gLtijaLj;J cj;jpNahfj;jh; gzpGhpaf; flikg;gl;Ls;s Mff;Fiwe;j fl;lha Nritf;fhyKk; kw;Wk; ,t;Tld;gbf;ifapYs;s epge;jidfs; kPwwg;gl;lhy; cj;jpNahfj;jh; nfhLg;gdT nra;a Ntz;bAs;s jz;lg;gzKk; tpfpjhrhu hPjpapy; mjpfhpf;fg;gLfpd;w re;jh;gg ; nkhd;wpy;> ,t;Tld;gbf;ifapy; jw;NghJ Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s Ntjdkw;w tpLKiwf;fhy vy;i ; y> fl;lha Nritf;fhyk; kw;Wk; cj;jpNahfj;jh; nrYj;j Ntz;ba jz;lg;gzk; Mfpa ,tw;wpw;Fg; gjpyhf mt;Ntjdkw;w tpLKiwf; fhyg;gFjpfspd; nkhj;jf; $l;Lj;njhifAk;> cj;jpNahfj;jh; nrYj;j Ntz;ba jz;lg;gzj; njhiffspy; nkhj;jf; $l;Lj;njhifAk; ,t;Tld;gbf;ifapd; chpa gphpTfspy; Kiwahf cs;slf;fg;gl;litahff; fUjg;gl;L thrpf;fg;gl Ntz;LnkdTk; nghUs;Nfhly; nra;ag;gl Ntz;LnkdTk; ,j;jhy; cld;ghL nfhs;sg;gLfpd;wJ.* gapw;rpia epiwT nra;jikahNyh my;yJ Ntjdkw;w tpLKiw mjw;F Kd;dh; Kbtile;jikahNyh cj;jpNahfj;jh; ,yq;iff;F tUif jUfpd;wNghJ Nkw;Fwpj;j (7) khj fhynkhd;wpw;F mtiur; Nritapy; <LgLj;j murhq;fk; gzpf;fg;gl;Ls;sjhf ,q;F Fwpf;fg;gl;Ls;s vJTk; czu;jJ ; tjhff; fUjg;glyhfhJ. Nkw;Fwpj;j 2 Mk; 3 Mk; kw;Wk; 4 Mk; gphpTfspy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s ve;jnthU tplak; njhlh;ghfNtDk; (3) . dhNyh my;yJ mth; rhh;ghfNth ifnahg;gkplg;gl;l rhd;wpjnohd;W> mjpy; mlq;fpAs;s tplaq;fs; my;yJ mjpy; ,lg;gl;Ls;s ifnahg;gq;fs; vd;gd
365

(5)

(6)

ep&gpf;fg;gLtjw;F Nkyjpf my;yJ NtW fhuzpfs; vitAk; Njitg;glhj Kfj;Njhw;w mstpy; Vw;Wf; nfhs;sg;glj;jf;f rhl;rpnahd;nwdTk; ,j;jhy; cld;ghL nfhs;sg;gLfpd;wJ. (7) (2) . vd;w nrhw;nwhlhpd; %yk; fUjg;gLgth; (2) gjtpia tfpg;gtNuh my;yJ gjpw;flik Mw;WgtNuh my;yJ (2) dhy; jw;NghJ Mw;wg;gLfpd;w gzpfis mg;Nghijf;F Mw;wpa cj;jpNahfj;jtNuh Mthh;.

,jw;Fr; rhl;rpfshf ,t;thtzj;NjhL njhlh;Gila ,Ujpwj;jth;fshYk; Mapuj;Jj; njhshapuj;J Mk; Mz;L khjk; . Me; jpfjp ,y; itj;J ifnahg;gkplg;gl;lJ. ,yq;ifr; rdehafr; Nrhryprf; FbauRf;fhfTk; mJ rhh;ghfTk; fPo; tUNthhpd; Kd;dpiyapy; ifnahg;gkpl;lhh; vdTk;> rhl;rpahsh;fs; 1. ifnahg;gk; :-.. ngah;:. Kfthp: 2. ifnahg;gk; :- . ngah;:. Kfthp: Fwpj;j (1) .. ifnahg;gkpl;lhnudTk; fPot ; Uk; rhl;rpahsh;fspd; Kd;dpiyapy; Fwpj;j (2)

ifnahg;gk; rhl;rpahsh;fs; 1. ifnahg;gk; :- ngah;:. Kfthp;:.. 2. ifnahg;gk; :. ngah;: Kfthp

* Fwpg;G
(1) cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUthpd; Ntjdkw;w yPTf;fhyk;> cld;gbf;ifapy; Muk;gj;jpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;l fhyj;ijAk; jhz;b ePbf;fr; nra;ag;gLfpd;wNghJ mjw;F tpfpjhrhu hPjpay; fl;lhar; Nritf;fhyKk; jz;lidg; gzKk; mjpfhpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. (2) mjpfhpf;fg;gl;l fl;lhar; Nritf;fhyk; kw;Wk; mjpfhpf;fg;gl;l jz;lidg; gzk; vd;gd yPT ePbf;fr; nra;ag;gLfpd;w re;jh;gg ; j;jpNyNa cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F mwptpf;fg;gl;L mjw;fhd mtuJ tpUg;gk; vOj;J %yk; ngwg;gl;L mJ cld;gbf;ifNahL ,izf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;.
366

10 Mk; gpd;dpizg;G
(XII 16: 16: 5)
ntspehl;by; Ntjdj;Jld; $ba gzpf;; ifaspg;nghd;Wf;fhf/ntspehl;L Ntiynahd;wpidf; ifNaw;gjw;fhf Ntjdkw;w tpLKiw mspf;fg;gLfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jh;fs; ifnahg;gkpl Ntz;ba cld;gbf;ifg; gbtk;. $lhJ) (jhgdg; gzpg;ghsupd; mDkjpapd;wp ,g;gbtk; jpUj;jk; nra;ag;glf; $lhJ (,jdfj;Jg; gpd;du; cj;jpNahfj;jh;; vd Fwpg;gplg;gLfpd;w)(1)vd;gtu; xU fl;rpf;fhuuhfTk; (,jdfj;Jg; gpd;du; murhq;fk; vdf; Fwpg;gplg;gLfpd;w) ,yq;if rdehaf Nrhryprf; FbauRf;fhfTk; mjd;; rhu;gpYk; nrayhw;Wfpd;w (,jdfj;Jg; gpd;du; (2).... vdf; Fwpg;gplg;gLfpd;w) ,yq;ifapd; (2)....gjtpia tfpf;fpd;w (3) ..mLj;j fl;rpf;fhuuhfTkpUe;J ((2).... gjtpia tfpf;fpd;w me;j (3)..d; gpd;du; mg;gjtpf;F fhyf; fpukj;jpy; epakd nra;ag;glTs;s mtuJ gpd;DWNthUk; (2). vd;w nrhw;nwhlUf;Fs; mlq;Fgit) ,t;tpuz;L fl;rpapduhYk; Mapuj;Jj;njhs;shapuj;J Mk; Mz;L khjk;Me; Njjpahd ,d;W vOjpf; ifnahg;gkplg;gLfpd;w cld;gbf;if gbtk;. (5)w;Fr; nrd;W (6)gzpf;ifaspg;n ; ghd;iw/ Ntiytha;gn ; ghd;iwf; ifNaw;fj;jf;fthW mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jh; Kjd; Kiwahf (4)khj fhynkhd;wpw;F Ntjdkw;w tpLKiwiaf; NfhupAs;sikahYk;> mNjNghy; mjw;fhf mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jUf;F 19Me; Njjpad;W Muk;gpf;fpd;w(4)..khj fhynkhd;wpw;F Ntjdkw;w tpLKiwia toq;f murhq;fk; ,zq;fpAs;sikahYk;> jw;NghJ vOjpf; ifnahg;gkplg;gLfpd;w ,t;Tld;gbf;ifapd; cs;slf;fk; tUkhW:(1) (5)-,w;Fr; nrd;W (6)...gzpf;ifaspg;nghd;iw/ Ntiynahd;iwf; ifNaw;fj;jf;f tifapy; Nkw;Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F 19..Me; Njjp Kjy; (4)khjq;fSf;F Ntjdkw;w tpLKiwia mq;ff P upf;f murhq;fk; ,zq;Ffpd;wJ. (2) mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jh;:(i) Nkw;Fwpj;j Ntjdkw;w tpLKiwia mDkjpf;ff; fhuzkhd gzpf;ifaspg;gpw;F/ Ntiyf;Fhpa eltbf;iffisf; FiwNtJkpd;wp Mw;WthnudTk;> (ii) Ntjdkw;w tpLKiwapy; cs;s fhyf;nfLtpw;Fs; (3).d; Kd;dDkjpiag; ngwhky; jdJ gzpf;ifaspg;ig/Ntiyia khw;wpaikf;fNth my;yJ mg;gzpf;ifaspg;gpd;/ Ntiyapd; fhyj;ijr; RUf;fNth my;yJ mt;Ntjdkw;w tpLKiwapy; vQ;rpAs;s ve;jnthU fhyg;gFjpiaAk; Ntnwe;jnthU tplaj;jpw;fhfTk; <LgLj;jNth my;yJ gad;gLj;jNth khl;lhnudTk;> (iii) Nkw;Fwpj;j Ntjdkw;w tpLKiwf; fhyk; Kw;Wg;ngwy; mt;thwpd;Nwy; Nkw;Fwpj;j gzpf;ifaspg;G/ njhopy; KbTf;Ftuy; Mfpa ,uz;by; vJ Kjypy; ,lk;ngWfpd;wNjh mJ ,lk;ngw;W Kbe;jTld; ,yq;iff;F kPzL ; k; tUif je;J murhq;fk; vLf;fpd;w jPuk ; hdj;ij ,Wjp Kbthf Vw;gjw;Ff; fl;Lg;gl;L murhq;fk; tpjpf;fpd;wthW VNjDk; gjtpnahd;wpw;fhd Ntiyiag; nghWg;Ngw;Wf; nfhz;L mt;thW Ntiyiag; nghWg;Ngw;Wf; nfhz;l jpfjpapypUe;J (7)khjj;jpw;Ff;; Fiwahj xU fhyg;gFjpf;F murhq;fj;jpd; fPo; gzpGupaf gpzpf;fgl;Ls;shnudTk;>
367
(1)cj;jpN ahfj;jhpd; KOg;nga Uk; gjtpg; ngaUk; (2) jpizf;fsj; jiythpd; gjtpg; ngah; (3) jpizf;fsj; jiythpd; KOg; ngah; (4) rk;gskw;w tpLKiwf; fhyk; (5)gzp xg;gilg;Gf;F/ njhopiyg; ifNaw;gjw;F r; nry;fpd;w ehL (6)gzp xg;gilg;G/nj hopyp,ay;G

(7) fl;lha Nritf; fhyk; (,J XII Mk; mj;jpahaj;jp d; 16:15 Mk; cg gphpTf;F cWg;Giuf;F ,zq;f fzf;fplg;gL jy; Ntz;Lk;)

(iv) jdf;F toq;fg;gl;l Ntjdkw;w tpLKiwf;fhyk; Kw;Wg; ngWfpd;w NghJ ,yq;iff;F kPzL ; k; tUif juj; jtWkplj;J >my;yJ ,yq;iff;F kPzL ; k; tUif je;jjd; gpd;du;> Nkw;Fwpj;jthW murhq;fj;jpd; fPo; Ntiyiag; nghWg;Ngw;Wf; nfhs;sj;jtWkplj;J my;yJ Nkw;Fwpj;jthW murhq;fj;jpd; fPo; Ntiyiag; nghWg;Ngw;Wf; nfhz;ljd; gpd;du;; me;j (7).... khjq;fNsDk; gzpGupaj;jtWkplj;J my;yJ Nkw;Fwpj;jthW Ntiyiag; nghWg;Ngw;Wf; nfhs;sj; jtWkplj;J my;yJ Nkw;Fwpj;jthW Ntiyiag; nghWg;Ngw;Wf; nfhz;ljd; gpd;dh; me;j (7) ..khj fhyk; Kbtila Kd;du;> tpidj; jpwdpd;ik my;yJ nrytpdq;fisf; Fiwj;jy; Mfpa fhuzq;fs; jtpu;e;j NtNwNjDk; fhuznkhd;wpdhy;; NritapypUe;J ePff ; g;;gLkplj;J ,d;Nwy; gjtpapypUe;J mfw;wg;gLkplj;J mJTkpd;Nwy; ,t;Tld;gbf;ifapd; Vida epge;jidfspy; vijAk; gpd;gw;w ; j; jtWkplj;J jhd; ,yq;ifapd; nry;Ygbahd gzj;jpy; (8) .... &ghf;fis murhq;fj;jpw;Fr; nrYj;JthnudTk; ,j;jhy; ,zq;Ffpd;whu;. 3. jdf;F toq;fg;gl;Ls;s Ntjdkw;w yPTf; fhyf;nfLit ePbf;fr; nra;J jUkhW mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jh; NfhUfpd;w NghJ ntWkNd murhq;fj;jpd; jw;WzpGf;fpzq;f, mt;Ntjdkw;w tpLKiwf; fhyj;ij mbf;fb ePbf;fr; nra;tjw;F murhq;fj;jpw;F KbAnkdTk; jpwj;jtu;fspilNa NkYk; ,zq;fpf; nfhs;sg;gLfpd;wJ.* mg;gbapUe;j NghjpYk; Ntjdkw;w tpLKiwf;fhyk; mt;thW ePbf;fr; nra;ag;gLfpd;w NghJ kPzL ; k; flikiaf; ifNaw;Wf; nfhz;ljd; gpd;dh;, Nritahw;w Ntz;ba fl;lha Nritf;fhyk; murhq;fj;jhy; jPhk ; hdpf;fg;gLfpd;w kw;nwhU mf;Fiwe;j Nkyjpf fhynkhd;wpdhYk; mNjNghd;W ,t;nthg;ge;jj;jpd; epge;jidfis kPwpdhy; Nkw;Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jh; nrYj;j Ntz;ba epjp murhq;fj;jpdhy; jPhk ; hdpf;fg;gLfpd;w kw;nwhU Nkyjpfj; njhifapdhYk; tpfpjhrhu hPjpapy; mjpfhpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;.* 4. Ntjdkw;w yPTf; fhyf;nfL mt;thW ePbf;fg;gLtijj; njhlu;eJ ; cj;jpNahfj;jh; Nritahw;wf; flikggl;Ls;s Mff; Fiwe;j Nritf; fhyKk; ,t;Tld;gbf;ifia kPwpdhy; cj;jpNahfj;jh; nrYj;j Ntz;bAs;s jz;lg;gzKk;; tpfpj rkkhf mjpfhpf;fg;gLfpd;w re;jh;g;gnkhd;wpy; ,t;Tld;gbf;ifapy; jw;NghJ Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s Ntjdkw;w yPTf; fhyf;nfL> fl;lha Nritf; fhyk; kw;Wk; cj;jpNahfj;jh; nrYj;j Ntz;ba gzk; Mfpatw;Wf;Fg; gjpyhf mt;Ntjdkw;w yPT fhynfLf;fspd; nkhj;jf; $l;Lj; njhifAk; fl;lha Nritf;fhyg; gFjpfspd; nkhj;jf; $l;Lj; njhifAk; kw;Wk; cj;jpNahfj;jh; nfhLg;gdT nra;a Ntz;ba jz;lg; gzj; njhiffspd; nkhj;jf; $l;Lj; njhifAk; ,t;Tld;gbf;ifapd; Nenuhj;j gphpTfspy; Kiwahf cs;slf;fg; gl;Ls;sdthff; fUjg;gl;L thrpf;fg;gl Ntz;LnkdTk; mt;thNw nghUs;Nfhly; nra;ag;glNtz;LnkdTk; ,j;jhy; ,zq;fg;gLfpd;wJ*. 5. gapw;rpia epiwT nra;jikahNyh Ntjdkw;w yPT mjw;F Kd;dh; Kbtile;jikahNyh cj;jpNahfj;jh; ,yq;iff;F tUif jUfpd;w NghJ Nkw;Fwpj;j (7) khj fhynkhd;wpw;F mtiur; NritapyPLgLj;j murhq;fk; gpzpf;fg;gl;Ls;sjhf ,q;F Fwpf;fg;gl;Ls;s vJTk; czh;jJ ; tjhff; fUjg;glf; $lhJ. 6. Nkw;Fwpj;j 2Mk; 3Mk; kw;Wk; 4 Mk; gphpTfspy; Fwpf;fg;gl;Ls;s ve;jnthU tplak; njhlh;ghfTk; (3) .dhNyh my;yJ mth; rhh;ghfNth ifnahg;gkplg;gl;l rhd;wpjnohd;W> mjpy; mlq;fpAs;s tplaq;fs; ,d;Nwy; mjpy; ,lg;gl;Ls;s ifnahg;gq;fs; vd;gd ep&gpf;fg;gLtjw;fhd
368

(8) jz;lg;gzk; (,J XV Mk; mj;jpahaj;jp d; 5:2 Mk; cg gphpTf;F ,zq;f fzf;fplg;gL jy; Ntz;Lk;)

Nkyjpf my;yJ NtW fhuzpfs; vitAk; Njitg;glhj Kfj;Njhw;w mstpy; Vw;Wf; nfhs;sg;glj;jf;f rhl;rpnahd;nwdTk; ,j;jhy; ,zf;fk; fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. 7. (3)vd;w nrhw;nwhlhpd; %yk; fUjg;gLgth; (3) vdDk; gjtpia tfpg;gtNuh my;yJ gjpy; flik Mw;WgtNuh my;yJ (3).dhy; jw;NghJ Mw;wg;gLfpd;w gzpfis mg;Nghijf;F Mw;wpa cj;jpNahfj;jNuh Mthh;. ,jw;Fr; rhl;rpfshf ,t;thtzj;Jld; njhlh;Gila ,Ujpwj;jth;fSk; Mapuj;Jj; njhs;shapuj;J Mk; Mz;Lkhjk;..Me; jpfjp ,y; itj;J ifnahg;gkpl;ldh;. ,yq;if rdehaf Nrhryprf; FbauRf;fhfTk; mJ rhh;ghfTk; me;j (3).. gjtpapia tfpf;fpd;w (2) .dhy; fPo; tUNthh; Kd;dpiyapy; ifnahg;gkplg;gl;lhnudTk;, ifnahg;gk; :. gjtpg;ngah;:(3) rhl;rpfs; 1. ifnahg;gk;: ngah; :.. Kfthp:.. 2. ifnahg;gk;: ngah; :.. Kfthp:.. me;j ifnahg;gkpl;l ; dnudTk;, rhl;rpfs; 1. ifnahg;gk;: ngah; :.. Kfthp:.. 2. ifnahg;gk;: ngah; :.. Kfthp:.. fPot ; UNthh; Kd;dpiyapy;

ifnahg;gk; :..

369

11 Mk; gpd;dpizg;G
(XII- 16:5) ntspehl;by; fy;tp kw;Wk; njhopy;tha;gG ; Mfpa ,ul;il Nehf;fq;fSf;fhf Ntjdkw;w yPT toq;fg;gLfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jh;fs; ifnahg;gkpl Ntz;ba cld;gbf;ifg; gbtk; (jhgdg; gzpg;ghshpd; mq;ff P hukpd;wp ,g;gbtk; jpUj;jpaikf;fg;glf; $lhJ) (,jdfj;Jg; gpd;dh;> cj;jpNahfj;jh; vdf; Fwpg;gplg;gLfpd;w (1).. vd;gth; xU fl;rpf;fhuuhfTk; (,jdfj;Jg; gpd;dh; FbauR vdf; Fwpg;gplg;gLk;) ,yq;if rdehaf Nrhryprf; FbauRf;fhfTk; mjd; rhh;ghfTk; nrayhw;Wfpd;w (,jdfj;J gpd;dh; (2)gjtpia tfpf;fpd;w ,yq;ifapd; (2).. gjtpia tfpf;fpd;w (3) .. mLj;j fl;rpf;fhuuhfTk; ,ize;J (2). gjtpia tfpf;fpd;w me;j (3) . vd;gtUf;Fg; gpd;dh; mg;gjtpf;F fhyf;fpukj;jpy; epakdQ; nra;ag;gLfpd;w mthpd; gpd;DWNthUk; (2)..vDk; nrhw;nwhlUf;Fs; cs;slf;fg;gLfpd;wdh;.) mt;tpuz;L jpwj;jth;fshYk; Mapuj;J njhshapuj;J....Mk; Mz;L .khjk;.Me; jpfjpahfpa ,d;W vOjpf; ifnahg;gkplg;gLfpd;w cld;gbf;ifg; gj;jpuk;. (5)..,w;Fr; nrd;W (6).. njhlh;ghd fy;tp / gapw;rpg; ghlnewpnahd;iwf; fw;W gjtpnahd;wpy; gzpGhptij ,ayr; nra;Ak; nghUl;L mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jUf;F Kjd; Kjyhf (4) ..khj fhynkhd;wpw;F Ntjdkw;w tpLKiwnahd;iwf; NfhhpapUg;gjhYk;> mt;thNw mg;gzpf;fhf mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jUf;F 19.Me; jpfjp Kjy; . khj fhynkhd;wpw;fhf Ntjdkw;w tpLKiwia toq;f FbauR ,zq;fpAs;sJ ,g;nghOJ vOjpf; ifnahg;gkplg;gLfpd;w cld;gbf;ifapd; cs;slf;fk; tUkhW:(1) .w;Fr; nrd;W(6). njhlh;ghd fw;if/ gapw;rpg; ghlnewpnahd;iw fw;wy; kw;Wk;..vd;w gjtpia tfpf;f ,ayr; nra;Ak; nghUl;L Nkw;Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F 19..Me; jpfjp Kjy; khjq;fSf;F . Ntjdkw;w yPtpid mq;ff P hpf;f FbauR ,zq;Ffpd;wJ. (2) mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jh; (i) Nkw;Fwpj;j Ntjdkw;w yPT mDkjpf;fg;glf; fhuzkhf mike;j fw;if / gapw;rpg; ghlnewpiaf; FiwNtJkpd;wp Cf;fj;NjhL gapd;W jdJ gjtpf;Fhpa flikfis Kiwahf Mw;WthnudTk;> (ii) Nkw;gb (2)d; Kd;dDkjpiag; ngwhky; jdJ fy;tp/ gapw;rpg; ghlnewpia ,d;Nwy; jdJ gjtpia khw;wpaikf;fNth my;yJ mf;fw;if/gapw;rpg; ghlnewpiar; RUf;fpf; nfhs;sNth my;yJ mt;Ntjdkw;w yPtpy; vQ;rpAs;s ve;jnthU fhyg; gFjpiaAk; NtnwhU tplaj;Jf;Fg; gad;gLj;jNth khl;lhnudTk;> Nkw;Fwpj;j Ntjdkw;w yPT fhyk; Kw;Wg;ngwy; ,d;Nwy; Nkw;Fwpj;j fw;if / gapw;rpg; ghlnewp my;yJ gjtp KbTf;F tuy; Mfpa ,uz;by; vJ Kjypy; ,lk;ngWfpd;wNjh mJ ,lk;ngw;W Kbe;jTld; ,yq;iff;F kPzL ; k; tUif je;J FbauR vLf;fpd;w jPHk ; hdj;ij ,Wjp Kbthf Vw;gjw;Ff; fl;Lg;gl;L FbauR tpjpf;fpd;wthW VNjDk; gjtpnahd;wpw;fhd Ntiyiag; nghWg;Ngw;W mt;thW Ntiyiag; nghWg;Ngw;Wf; nfhz;l jpfjpapypUe;J
370
(1) cj;jpNahfj; jhpd; KOg;ngaUk; gjtpg; ngaUk; (2) jpizf; fsj; jiythp d; gjtpg; ngah; (3) jpizf;fsj; jiythpd; KOg; ngah; (4) rk;gskw;w tpLKiwf; fhyk; (5)gzp xg;gilg;ig ifNaw;gjw; Fr; nry;Yk; ehL (6) gzp xg;gilg;gpd; ,ay;G

(iii)

(7)khjq;fSf;Ff; Fiwahj fhynkhd;wpw;F Fbaurpd; fPo; gzpGhpaf; flg;ghLilatnudTk;> mt;thwpUe;j NghjpYk; gzpGhptjw;Ff; flikg;gl;Ls;s Nritf; fhyk; tpUg;gj; Njh;Tf;Fhpa ,isg;ghWk; taij (55 taJ) jhz;Lfpd;w re;jh;gg ; nkhd;wpy; gzpGhptjw;Ff; flikg;gl;Ls;s fhyj;jpy; vQ;rpAs;s fhyf;nfL rhh;ghf FbauR jPhk ; hdpf;ff;$ba mj;jifa VNjDk; epjpia mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jh; FbauRf;Fr; nrYj;j Ntz;Lnkd;w epge;jidapd; mbg;gilapy; mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jUf;F ,isg;ghw mDkjp toq;f FbauRf;F KbAk;. (iv) jdf;F toq;fg;gl;l Ntjdkw;w yPT fhyk; Kw;Wg; ngWfpd;w NghJ ,yq;iff;F kPzL ; k; tUif juj; jtWkplj;J> my;yJ ,yq;iff;F kPzL ; k; tUif je;jjd; gpd;du;> Nkw;Fwpj;jthW Fbaurpd; fPo; Ntiyiag; nghWg;Ngw;Wf; nfhs;sj; jtWkplj;J my;yJ Nkw;Fwpj;jthW Fbaurpd; fPo; Ntiyiag; nghWg;Ngw;Wf; nfhz;ljd; gpd;dh; Ntiyiag; nghWg;Ngw;w jpfjp Kjy; Mff; Fiwe;jJ (7) .. khjq;fNsDk; gzpGupaj; jtWkplj;J my;yJ Nkw;Fwpj;jthW Ntiyiag; nghWg;Ngw;Wf; nfhz;ljd; gpd;du;> me;j (7) ..khj fhyk; Kbtila Kd;du;> tpidj;jpwdpd;ik fhuzkhfNth my;yJ nrytpdq;fisf; Fiwj;jy; Mfpa fhuzq;fs; jtpu;e;j NtNwNjDk; fhuzj;jpdhy;; NritapypUe;J ePff ; g;gLkplj;J ,d;Nwy; gjtpapypUe;J mfw;wg;gLkplj;J mJTkpd;Nwy; ,t;Tld;gbf;ifapd; Vida epge;jidfspy; vijAk; gpd;gw;w ; j; jtWkplj;J jhd; ,yq;ifapd; nry;Ygbahd gzj;jpy; (8)- &ghf;fis FbauRf;Fr; nrYj;JthnudTk; ,j;jhy; ,zq;Ffpd;whu;.

(7) fl;lha Nritf; fhyk;

(3) jdf;F toq;fg;gl;Ls;s Ntjdkw;w yPT fhyj;ij ePbf;fr; nra;AkhW jdpj; mt;Tj;jpNahfj;jh; NfhUfpd;w re;jh;gg ; nkhd;wpy; Fbaurpd; jw;Wzpgpw;F ,zq;f mt;Ntjdkw;w yPTf; fhyj;ij mbf;fb ePbf;fr; nra;a FbauRf;F KbAnkdTk;> jpwj;jth;fspilNa ,j;jhy; NkYk; ,zq;fpf; nfhs;sg;gLfpd;wJ. ,Ue;j NghjpYk; Ntjdkw;w tpLKiwf; fhyj;ij mt;thW ePbf;fr; nra;fpd;w NghJ kPzL ; k; flikiag; nghWg;Ngw;Wf; nfhz;ljd; gpd;dh; gzpGhpa Ntz;ba Mff; Fiwe;j fl;lha Nritf; fhyk; Fbaurpdhy; jPHk ; hdpf;fg;gLfpd;w kw;WnkhU Nkyjpf fhynkhd;wpdhYk; mt;thNw ,t;Tld;gbf;ifapd; epge;jidfis kPwpdhy; Fwpj;j cj;jpNahfj;jh; nrYj;j Ntz;ba gzk; Fbaurpdhy; jPHk ; hdpf;fg;gLfpd;w NtW Nkyjpf njhifnahd;wpdhYk; mjw;Nfw;g mjpfhpf;fg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;. (4) Ntjdkw;w yPTf; fhyk; mt;thW ePbf;fg;gl;lijj; njhlh;eJ ; cj;jpNahfj;jh; Nritahw;wf; flikg;gl;Ls;s Mff; Fiwe;j Nritf; fhyKk; ,t;Tld;gbf;ifia kPwpdhy; cj;jpNahfj;jh; nrYj;j Ntz;ba jz;lg; gzKk; tpfpjrkkhf mjpfhpf;fg;gLfpd;w re;jh;gg ; nkhd;wpy;, ,t;Tld;gbf;ifapy; jw;NghJ Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s Ntjdkw;w tpLKiwf; fhyf;nfL> fl;lha Nritf;fhyk; kw;Wk; cj;jpNahfj;jh;; nrYj;j Ntz;ba jz;lg; gzk; Mfpa ,tw;Wf;Fg; gjpyhf mt;Ntjdkw;w yPTf; fhyj;jpd; nkhj;jf; $l;Lj; njhifAk; fl;lha Nritf; fhyj;jpd; nkhj;jf; $l;Lj; njhifAk; kw;Wk; cj;jpNahfj;jh; nrYj;j Ntz;ba gzj;jpd; nkhj;jf; $l;Lj; njhifAk; ,t;Tld;gbf;ifapd; Nenuhj;j gphpTfspy; Kiwahf cs;slf;fg;gl;ldthff; fUjg;gl;L thrpf;fg;gl Ntz;LnkdTk; mt;thNw nghUs;Nfhly; nra;ag;gl Ntz;LnkdTk; ,j;jhy; ,zq;fg;gLfpd;wJ. (5) Ntjdkw;w yPTf; fhyj;ij epiwT nra;jjd; gpd;dNuh my;yJ mJ njhlh;ghd jPhk ; hdnkhd;iw vLj;jTlNdh cj;jpNahfj;jh; ,yq;iff;F tUfpd;w NghJ mtiu Nkw;Fwpj;jthW (7) . khjq;fSf;F Nritapy; <LgLj;j FbauR gpzpf;fg;gl;Ls;sjhf ,q;F Fwp;ggpl;Ls;s vJTk; czh;jJ ; tjhff; fUjg;glf; $lhJ.
371

(6) Nkw;Fwpj;j 2Mk; 3Mk; kw;Wk; 4 Mk; gphpTfspy; Fwpf;fg;gl;Ls;s ve;jnthU tplak; njhlh;ghf (3) .dhNyh my;yJ mth; rhh;ghfNth ifnahg;gkplg;gl;l rhd;wpjnohd;W> mjpy; mlq;fpAs;s tplaq;fs; ,d;Nwy; mjpy; ,lg;gl;Ls;s ifnahg;gq;fs; vd;gtw;iw ep&gpf;fg;gjw;F Nkyjpf my;yJ NtW fhuzpfs; vitAk; Njitg;glhj Kfj;Njhw;w mstpy; Vw;Wf; nfhs;sg;glj;jf;f rhl;rpnahd;nwd ,j;jhy; ,zf;fk; fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. (7) (2)vd;w nrhw;nwhlhpd; %yk; fUjg;gLgth; (2) vdDk; gjtpia tfpg;gtNuh my;yJ mg;gjtpia gjpy; flik Mw;WgtNuh my;yJ (2).dhy; jw;NghJ Mw;wg;gLfpd;w gzpfis mg;Nghijf;F Mw;wpa cj;jpNahfj;jNuh Mthu;. ,jw;Fr; rhl;rpfshf ,t;thtzj;Jld; njhlh;Gila ,Ujpwj;jth;fSk; Mapuj;J njhshapuj;JMk; Mz;L khjk;Me; jpfjp..y; itj;J ifnahg;gkpl;ldh;. ,yq;if rdehaf Nrhryprf; FbauRf;fhfTk; mJ rhh;ghfTk; Fwpj;j (2).. gjtpapia tfpf;fpd;w (2) .dhy; fPo; tUNthh; Kd;dpiyapy; itj;J ifnahg;gkpl;lhh; vdTk;. ifnahg;gk; :. gjtpg; ngah;: rhl;rpfs; 3. ifnahg;gk;: ngah; :.. Kfthp:.. 4. ifnahg;gk;: ngah; :.. Kfthp:.. Fwpj;j ifnahg;gkpl;lhh; vdTk; rhl;rpfs; 3. ifnahg;gk;: ngah; :.. Kfthp:.. 4. ifnahg;gk;: ngah; :.. Kfthp:.. dhy; fPot ; UNthh; Kd;dpiyapy;

ifnahg;gk; :..

372

12 Mk; gpd;dpizg;G
(XIII(XIII- 6:3)

gUtfhy ml;il mDkjpr; rPlL ; f;fs; Kjyhk; tFg;G


mjpNkjF rdhjpgjpapd; nrayhsh; : midj;Jg; Gifapuj epiyaq;fSf;Fk; mjpNkjF rdhjpgjpapd; jdpg;gl;l nrayhsh;: midj;Jg; Gifapuj epiyaq;fSf;Fk; Gifapujj; jpizf;fsj;jpd; cjtpf; fzf;fha;thsh;; :midj;Jg; Gifapuj epiyaq;fSf;Fk; Gifapujj; njhiyj;njhlh;Gg; nghwpapayhsh; :midj;Jg; Gifapuj epiyaq;fSf;Fk;

,uz;lhk; tFg;G
Gifapujj; jpizf;fsj;jpd; cjtpf; fzf;fha;thshpd; gzpf;FOtpdh; :midj;Jg; Gifapuj epiyaq;fSf;Fk;

Gifapujj; njhiyj;njhlh;Gg; ghpNrhjfh;fs; : midj;Jg; Gifapuj epiyaq;fSf;Fk; rdhjpgjp khspifapd; Mur;rp : midj;Jg; Gifapuj epiyaq;fSf;Fk;

%d;whk; tFg;G
Gifapujj; njhiyj; njhlh;Gr; Nritapd; gapw;rp Copah;fs;> ghijj; njhopyhsh;fs;> gPll ; h;khh;fs;> jr;rh;fs;> gw;whp Copah;fs; kw;Wk; njhopyhsh;fs; : midj;Jg; Gifapuj epiyaq;fSf;Fk;

373

13 Mk; gpd;dpizg;G
(XIII 6:5) mur mDruizg; gUtfhy mDkjpr; rPlL ; f;fs; Kjyhk; tFg;G gpujk ePjpaurh; cah;ej P pkd;w ePjpaurh;fs; : midj;Jg; Gifapuj epiyaq;fSf;Fk; : midj;Jg; Gifapuj epiyaq;fSf;Fk;

ghuhSkd;w cWg;gpdh;fs; : midj;Jg; Gifapuj epiyaq;fSf;Fk; (,ytr cwq;fypUf;if trjpfs; cl;gl) fzf;fha;thsh; ehafk; ,uhZtj; jsgjp tpkhdg; gilj; jsgjp flw;gilj; jsgjp : midj;Jg; Gifapuj epiyaq;fSf;Fk; : midj;Jg; Gifapuj epiyaq;fSf;Fk; : midj;Jg; Gifapuj epiyaq;fSf;Fk; : midj;Jg; Gifapuj epiyaq;fSf;Fk;

gpujhd njhiyj; njhlh;Gg; nghwpapayhsh;: midj;Jg; Gifapuj epiyaq;fSf;Fk; ,uz;lhk; tFg;G rhh;[d;l> ; fhd;]l ; gps; cs;spl;l ,yq;if nghyp]; cj;jpNahfj;jh;fs; kw;Wk; jiykd;dhh; JiwKfk; %d;whk; tFg;G gpujk ePjpaurhpdJk;> cah; ePjpkd;w ePjpaurh;fspdJk; Copah;fs; (xUth; rhh;ghf Xh; Copah;) ; : midj;Jg; Gifapuj epiyaq;fSf;Fk; ,uhZtj; jsgjp> tpkhdg;gilj; jsgjp> flw;gilj; jsgjp MfpNahhpy; xUtUf;F Xh; Copah; vd;w tifapy; : midj;Jg; Gifapuj epiyaq;fSf;Fk; ghuhSkd;w cWg;gpdh;fspd; Copah;fs; (Xh; cWg;gpdUf;F Xh; Copah; vd;w tifapy;): midj;Jg; Gifapuj epiyaq;fSf;Fk; : Nfhl;il

374

14 Mk; gpd;dpizg;G
(XV-2:3:2)
ntspehl;Lg; gapw;rp trjpfisg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;fhd tpz;zg;gg;gbtk; (xt;Nthh; Mz;Lk; xf;Njhgh; khjk; 31 Mk; Njjpf;F Kd;dh; nrayhshpd; ghpe;Jiu rfpjk; mikr;rpdhy; ,J rkh;gg ; pf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;) njhlh;G ,yf;fk;:. mikr;rpd; nrayhsh; 1. cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; ngah;: ..

gjtpg; ngah;:.. fy;tpj; jifikfs; :.. taJ :.. 2. (m) Nritapy; Nrh;ej ; jpfjp: (M) jw;NghJ tfpf;fpd;w gjtpapy; Nritahw;wpAs;s tUlq;fs;: 3. (m) Njitg;gLfpd;w gapw;rpapd; ,ay;G (mjhtJ fw;if; ghlnewp> nray;Kiw ,izg;G> fy;tpr; Rw;Wyh Nghd;wit): (M) fhy vy;iy:. (,) gapw;rp vjph;ghh;ff ; g;gLtJ ve;j ehl;by; vd;gJ (Kjd;ik tpUg;g xOq;fpy;) (<) cj;jpNahfj;jh; gapw;rpia Kbj;J tpl;L kPzL ; k; tUif je;jjd; gpd;dh; Vw;Wf; nfhs;sTs;s gjtp: 4. (m) vjph;ghh;ff ; g;gLfpd;w gapw;rp mDkjpf;fg;gl;l gapw;rpj; jpl;l mbg;gilapy; mike;j xd;wh? . (M) jpizf;fsj;jpd; / mikr;rpd; mgptpUj;jp jpl;lq;fSld;; ,g;gapw;rp njhlh;GgLfpd;w tpjk; : .. jpizf;fsj; jiyth; jpfjp : . njhlh;G ,y: gzpg;ghsh; ,yq;if mgptpUj;jp epUthf epWtdj;jpd; eph;thff; FO ... nrayhsh; .mikr;R nfhOk;G

375

15 Mk; gpd;dpizg;G
(XV : 4 : 12) KOr; rk;gsj;Jldhd fw;if tpLKiw ngw;Wr; nry;fpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jh;fs; ifnahg;gkpl Ntz;ba gpizapd; khjphp (,g;gbtj;ij jhgdg; gzpg;ghshpd; mDkjpapd;wpj; jpUj;jpaikj;jyhfhJ) gpizKwp ,j;jhw; rfyUkwpa> ,g;gpizKwpapy; ifnahg;gkpLfpd;w,y; trpf;Fk; (1)...vd;gtuhfpa ehDk;> gpizahsh;fshff; ifnahg;gkpLfpd;w ,y; trpf;Fk; (2)> . ,y; trpf;Fk; (3)Mfpa ehq;fs; ,UtUk; ,ize;J (,jdfj;J rpyNghJ ehk; midtUk; $l;lhf gpizahsh;fs; vd miof;fg;gLNthk;) ntspg;gLj;JtjhtJ@ ,yq;if rdehaf Nrhryprf; Fbaurpd; murhq;fk; NfhUkplj;J> ,yq;ifapd; mq;ff P hpf;fg;gl;l gzj;jpy; &gh (4).. (&gh.) vd;w njhifia nfhOk;gpy; ,yq;if rdehaf Nrhryprf; Fbaurpd; murhq;fj;jpw;Fr; nrYj;JtjhfTk; ehk; midtUk; $l;lhfTk; jdpjj ; dpahfTk; gpzpf;fg;gl;Ls;sjhf ,j;jhy; cWjpahfg; gpufldg;gLj;Jfpd;w mNj Ntis> mg;gzj; njhifia cz;ikahfTk; chpa Kiwg;gbAk; nrYj;JtjhfTk; Nkw;gb gpizahsh;fshfpa ehk; midtUk; $l;lhfTk; jdpj;jdpahfTk; gpizepw;fpd;w mNjNtis> KiwNa vkJ rl;l top kuGhpikahsh;fs;> epiwNtw;Wdh;fs; eph;thfpfs; MfpNahiuAk; ,j;jhy; gpizahf;FtjhfTk; ntspg;gLj;Jfpd;Nwhk;. NkYk;> mg; gpizahsh;fshfpa (2)(3).Mfpa ehk; ,UtUk; ngdpgpfpAk; Xl;dp]; bt;rpNahdp]; vl; vf;]r ; prdp]; (Kiwikj; njhlh;rr ; pg; gad;)mjhtJ gfph;eJ ; nrYj;Jjy; kw;Wk; Kiwg;gb mwtpLtjd; mD$yj;ijAk; gpizahsh;fSf;F rl;lhPjpapy; chpj;jhfpd;w NtW midj;Jg; gad;fisAk; rYiffisAk; tpjptpyf;Ffs; midj;ijAk; Jwe;J ,t; Mtzj;jpy; ifnahg;gkpLfpd;Nwhk;. Nkw;gb thrfj;jpd; jj;Jtj;ijAk; mt;tD$yj;ijf; iftpLtjd; ghjfq;fisAk; vkJ tof;FiuQuhfpavd;gth; vq;fspy; xt;nthUtUf;Fk; tpsf;fpf; $wpaikahy; vkf;F mjd; ajhh;jj ; epiy KOikahf tpsq;fpAs;snjd;Wk; ,j;jhy; Kiwg;gb gpufldg;gLj;Jfpd;Nwhk;. Mapuj;Jj; njhshapuj;J. Mk; Mz;L . khjk; Me; jpfjp Mfpa ,d;iwa jpdk; nfhOk;gpy; ifr;rhj;jplg;gl;lJ. Nkw;gb (1)vd;gth; ,yq;if rdehaf Nrhryprf; Fbaurpd; murhq;fj;Jf;fhfTk; mjd; rhh;gpYk; M[uhfpdw ; cld; ifr;rhj;jpl;Ls;s Mapuj;Jj; njhs;shapuj;J .. Mk; Mz;L . khjk; . Me; jpfjpahfpa ,d;iwa jpdk; .. Mk; ,yf;f xg;ge;jg; gj;jpuj;jpw;F ,zq;f> Nkw;gb (1) .. vd;gth; . Me;jpfjpiaf; nfhz;l Nkw;gb xg;ge;jj;jpy; tpjpf;fg;gl;Ls;sthW . fhyg;gFjpf;Fs; (5) ,y; gapw;rpg; ghlnewp xd;iwg; gapy;tjw;F cld;gl;Ls;shuhjyhYk; mt;thNw> Nkw;gb(1)vd;gth; Nkw;gb xg;ge;jj;jpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s gphpTfs; kw;Wk; epge;jidfs; vd;gtw;wpy; tpjpf;fg;gl;Ls;sthW Neh;ikahf epiwNtw;WtjhfTk; &gh.. (&gh..) ,w;fhd gpizKwpnahd;W . ,dhy; mDkjpf;fg;gl;Ls;sNjhL gpizahsh;fs; ,UtUld; $bajhf vOjpf; ifnahg;gkpl;L toq;Fjy; Ntz;Lk; vd;W Nkw;gb xg;ge;jj;jpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s mNj Ntis mt;thW nra;tjhf Nkw;gb xg;ge;jj;jpy; (1) .. vd;gth; cld;gl;Ls;shuhjyhYk;
376

(1) gapYehpd; KOg;ngah;; (2) kw;Wk; (3) gpizah sh;fs; ,Uthpd Jk; KOg;ng ah;fs; (4) jz;lg;gzk;

(5) fw;gjw;Fr; nry;fpdw ; ehL

mt;thNw(2). kw;Wk; .. Mfpa ,UtUk; Nkw;gb xg;ge;jj;ij thrpj;Jg; ghh;jJ ; gpizahsh;fshf epw;gjw;F cld;gl;Ls;sduhjyhYk; Nkw;gb gpizKwpapd; my;yJ gpizg; gj;jpuj;jpd; ,ay;G ahnjdpy; (1) vd;gth; Nkw;gb xg;ge;jg;gj;jpuj;jpy; mlq;fpAs;s tpjpKiwfisAk; epge;jidfisAk; Neh;ikahd Kiwapy; epiwNtw;Wthuhapd; my;yJ Nkw;gb (1) Nkw;gb xg;ge;jj;jpy; mlq;fpAs;s tpjpKiwfisAk; epge;jidfisAk; kPWthuhapd; mt;thW kPWtjd; fhuzkhfr; nrYj;j Ntz;ba NkNy Fwpg;gplg;gl;l &gh (4) vd;w njhifia (&gh) mt; (1) .. vd;gth; my;yJ ,y; trpf;Fk; (2) vd;gtUk; . ,y; trpf;Fk; (3) vd;gtUk; ,yq;if rdehaf Nrhryprf; Fbaurpd; murhq;fj;jpw;Fr; nrYj;Jthh;fshapd; ,g; gpizKwp my;yJ gpizg;gj;jpuk; nry;Ygbaw;wjhfp nraypoe;jjhfp tpLnkd;Wk; Nkw;gb epge;jidfs; chpathW epiwNtw;wg;glhjtplj;J ,g;gpiz Kwp KOikahf mjpfhuj;Jld; eilKiwapypUf;FnkdTkhFk;. ,jw;F mj;jhl;rpahf ,q;F Fwpj;j jug;gpdh;> nfhOk;gpy; Mapuj;Jj; njhs;shapuj;J .. Mz;L . khjk; ehshfpa ,d;W ,jpy; ifr;rhj;jpLfpd;wdh;. gpujhd fldhspapd; xg;gk;: Kjyhk; gpizahshpd; xg;gk;: .... ,uz;lhk; gpizahshpd; xg;gk; ....

rhl;rpfs; : 1. xg;gk; ngah; Kfthp 2. xg;gk; ngah; Kfthp

: : : : : :

Nkw;gb gpizahsh;fs; Nkw;gb vOj;J %ykhd gpiz Kwpapy; ifnahg;gkpLtjw;F Kd;dh;> ngdpgpfpRk; Xl;dp]; bt;rpNahdp]; vl; vf;]f ; rpNahdp]; vd;w thrfj;jpd; fUj;ijAk; mjd; mD$yj;ijj; Jwg;gjdhy; Vw;gLfpd;w ,og;Gf;fisAk; ehd; mth;fSf;F chpa Kiwapy; tpsf;fpf; $wpNdd; vd;gij ,j;jhy; cWjpg;gLj;Jfpd;Nwd;. .... gpizahshpd; tof;fwpQh;

377

16 Mk; gpd;dpizg;G
khehL Nghd;wtw;wpy; fye;J nfhs;Sjw; nghUl;L ehl;Lf;F ntspNa nry;Yjw;Fg; gpujk ke;jphpapd; mDkjp ngWtjw;fhd tpz;zg;gg;gbtk; (XV : 10 : 3 : 1) (vtNuDk; Xh; cj;jpNahfj;jh; jdpg;gl;l Kiwapy; my;yJ Njrpa rq;fk; xd;wpd; / tpisahl;L epWtdk; xd;wpd; gpujpepjpahf> ntspehL xd;wpy; eilngWk; VNjDk; khehL xd;wpy; tpisahl;Lg; Nghl;bfs; Nghd;wtw;wpy; gq;Nfw;gjw;fhf ehl;Lf;F ntspapy; nry;tjw;F tpUk;Gthuhapd; mth; ,t;tpz;zg;gj;jpy; $wg;gl;Ls;s tpguq;fis epug;gp> ehl;bypUe;J ntspNaWtjw;F chpa jpdj;jpwF ; 10 ehl;fSf;F Kd;dh; mjid gpujk ke;jphpapd; mYtyfj;jpw;Ff; fpilf;ff; $bathW mDg;Gjy; Ntz;Lk;. mt;thW tpz;zg;gq;fis gpujk ke;jphpapd; nrayhshplk; rkh;gg ; pf;Fk; NghJ mtw;iw jpizf;fsj; jiyth;> chpa mikr;R kw;Wk; epjpj; jpl;lkply; mikr;rpd; ntspehl;L tsq;fs;/nghUshjhug; gphptpd; Clhfr; rkh;gg ; pj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.) (jpizf;fsj;jpd; ngah;) 1. khehL> tpisahl;Lg; Nghl;b Nghd;witah vd;gJ: .. 2. khehL> tpisahl;Lg; Nghl;b Nghd;wit eilngWfpd;w ehL : 3. khehL> tpisahl;Lg; Nghl;b Nghd;wit eilngWfpdw ; fhyf;nfL (jpfjpfSld;) : 4. cj;jpNahfj;jh; cs;@h; fpis epWtdj;jpdhy;/ rq;fj;jpdhy; gpNuhpf;fg;gl;lhuh my;yJ jdpg;gl;l miog;Gg; ngw;whuh vd;gJ 5. cj;jpNahfj;jh; ,jw;F Kd;dh; ,jw;Fr; rkkhd khehL> tpisahl;Lg; Nghl;b vd;gtw;wpy; gq;Nfw;Ws;shuh vd;gJ njhlh;ghf:.. (mt;thW gq;Nfw;wpUg;gpd; tpguq;fisf; Fwpg;gpLf.) 6. ngah; gpNuhpf;fg;gl;l cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; (m) ngah; :. (M) fy;tpj; jifikfs; :.. (,) gjtpg; ngah; :. (<) taJ :. 7. fye;J nfhs;tjhy; fpl;lf;$ba mD$yj;ijr; RUf;fkhff; Fwpg;gpLf : 8. fye;J nfhs;tjw;fhd nryT :. (m) Vw;ghL nra;Ak; Kfth; epWtdj;jpdhy; toq;fg;gLk; trjpfs; (,Ug;gpd;) :... (M) cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; jdpg;gl;l gzj;jpypUe;J my;yJ miog;Gg; ngw;w cs;@h;ff ; pis mikg;gpd;/rq;fj;jpd; gzj;jpypUe;J Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLfpd;w nryT: (,) khehL> tpisahl;Lg; Nghl;b Nghd;wtw;wpy; gq;Nfw;gjw;fhf me;epar; nryhtzp tpLtpg;G mDkjpf;fg;gl;l nryhtzpf; fl;Lg;ghl;lhshpd; njhlh;G ,yf;fk;: : .. cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; xg;gk;
378

jpfjp :..

njhlh;G ,y :.. mikr;rpd; nrayhsh;. rpghhpR nra;J rkh;g;gpf;fpd;Nwd;. itf;fg;gl;Ls;sd. ,t;tpz;zg;gj;jpd; vl;Lg; gpujpfs; ,j;Jld; mDg;gp jpizf;fsj; jiyth; jpfjp :. njhlh;G ,y :.. gzpg;ghsh;> ntspehl;L tsq;fs; gphpT. rpghhpR nra;J rkh;gg ; pf;fpd;Nwd;. mDg;gg;gLfpd;wd. ,t;tpz;zg;gj;jpd; VO gpujpfs; ,j;Jld;

nrayhsh; . mikr;R jpfjp :. njhlh;G ,y :.. gpujk ke;jphpapd; nrayhsh;. rpghhpR nra;J rkh;gg ; pf;fpNwd; / rpghhpR nryhtzpia tpLtpf;f KbAk;/ KbahJ. nra;atpy;iy. Njitahd me;epar;

2. ,t;tpz;zg;gj;jpd; MW gpujpfs; ,j;Jld; mDg;gg;gLfpd;wd. ntspehl;L tsq;fs; gphpT jpfjp :. njhlh;G ,y :.. . (jpizf;fsj; jiyth;) .. (cj;jpNahfj;jupd; ngah;> gjtp kw;Wk; khehL tpisahl;Lg; Nghl;b Nghd;wit) gq;Nfw;gjw;F khz;G kpF gpujk ke;jphp mDkjp toq;fpAs;shh; / toq;ftpy;iy 2. me;epar; nryhtzpf; fl;Lg;ghsUf;Fk; ckJ mikr;rpw;Fk; mDg;Gtjw;fhf tpz;zg;gg;gbtj;jpd; Nkyjpfg; gpujpfis ,j;Jld; jpUg;gp mDg;Gfpd;Nwd;. gpujk ke;jphpapd; nrayhsh; jpfjp :. gpujpfs; : 1. nt.m.m/nr 2. nt.t/g
379

17 Mk; gpd;dpizg;G
Gyikg; ghprpy; Nghd;wtw;wpd; nghUl;L ehl;Lf;F ntspNa nry;Yjw;fhf gpujk ke;jphpaplk; mDkjp NfhUjy; (XV : 10 : 9) (ngah; Kd;nkhopTg; gpNuuiz ntspehl;L murhq;fj;ij my;yJ Kftiur; nrd;wila Ntz;ba jpfjpf;Fg; gj;J ehl;fSf;F Kd;dh; ,g;gbtj;jpy; cs;s tpguq;fis gpujk ke;jphpapd; mYtyfj;jpw;F fpilf;ff; $bathW mDg;Gjy; Ntz;Lk;.) Gyikg; ghprpy; / cah; Gyikg; ghprpy; / fUj;juq;F nghUl;lhd epakpg;G njhlh;G ,y :. .. mikr;rpd; nrayhsh;. 1. toq;fy; murhq;fk; kw;Wk;/my;yJ Kfth; (toq;fy;> jpl;lkply; nghUshjhu mYty; mikr;rpd; ntspehl;L %y tsq;fs; gzpg;ghshpD}lhf mspf;fg;glhj tplj;J> tpguq;fisf; Fwpg;gpLf) : 2. gapw;rpj; Jiw :. 3. fhyf;nfL (jpfjpfSld;) :. 4. gapw;rpaspf;fpd;w ehL/ehLfs; : 5. (m) rfy nryTfSk; toq;fy; murhq;fj;jhy; / Kftuhy; toq;fg;gLfpd;wdthntd :.. (M) nryTfs; toq;fy; murhq;fj;jhy; / Kftuhy; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLfpd;w NghjpYk; cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F tpNrl gbfs; cl;gl> me;epar; nryhtzp Ntz;Lkh vd;gJ gw;wpAk;; mt;thW mtrpakhapd;> Njitg;glf; $ba njhifAk; mjd; mikg;G tpguKk;. (tpNrl nryhtzp toq;fy;fs; mspg;gJ gw;wpj; jPhk ; hdj;jpw;Fg; nghJj; jpiwNrhpapd; nghUshjhu mYty;fs; gzpg;ghshpd; rpghhpRk; mtrpakhFk;):... (,) nryTfs; ,yq;if rdehaf Nrhryprf; FbauR murhq;fj;jhy; nghWg;Ngw;fg;gLkplj;J Njitg;gLfpd;w me;epar; nryhtzpj; njhifiaAk; mjd; mikg;G tpguj;ijAk; Fwpg;gpLf : 6. toq;fypd; mD$yq;fisr; RUf;fkhff; Fwpg;gpLf. :... 7. cj;jpNahfj;jh; ehL jpUk;gpa gpd;dh; murhq;fj;Jf;Fr; Nrit nra;thu; vd;gjw;fhd cj;juthjk; ahJ? (tpguq;fisr; RUf;fkhfj; jUf) :. 8. Kd;nkhopag;gl;l cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; (m) ngah; : (M) fy;tpj; jifikfs; :.. (,) gjtp :.. (<) cj;jpNahfj;jh; ,yq;if epUthf Nritiar; Nrh;ej ; xUtnudpd; mtiu Kd;nkhoptjw;F murhq;f epUthf mikr;rpd; nrayhsupd; mDkjp fpilj;Js;sjh?.. (c)cj;jpNahfj;jh; jdJ gjtpapy; epue;jukhf;fg;gl;Ls;shuh vd? epue;jukhf;fg;gltpy;iynadpy; jdJ jFjpfhz; fhyj;jpy; ntspehl;Lg; gapw;rpf;F ghpe;Jiu nra;tjw;fhd fhuzq;fs; : (mjhtJ- Ml;Nrh;gG ; j; jpl;l epge;jidfSf;F ,zq;fth my;yJ NtW fhuzq;fSf;fhfth vd;gijf; Fwpg;gpLf) :. (C) gpwe;j jpfjpAk; taJk; tUlk;. khjk;.. jpfjp (ntspNa nry;tjw;F cj;Njrpf;fg;gl;Ls;s ehsd;W 50 taJf;F Nkw;gLkplj;J> cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; ngah; Kd;nkhopag;gLtjw;fhd tpNrl fhuzq;fisf; Fwpg;gpLf).
380

(Kd;nkhopag;gLfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jh; cah; Gyikg; ghprpy;/ gapw;rp/ khehL xd;wpw;fhf ,jw;F Kd;dUk; ntspehL nrd;Ws;shnudpd;> mf;fhyf;nfL> gapw;rp ngw;w Jiw> gapw;rp ngw;w ehLfs; vd;gtw;iwr; RUf;fkhff; Fwpg;gpLf.) 9. njhpT nra;tjpy; gpd;gw;wg;gl;l eilKiwfs; (tpz;zg;gq;fs; Nfhug;glhjtplj;J mjw;fhd fhuzq;fisr; RUf;fkhff; Fwpg;gpLf):............................. ....................................... jpizf;fsj; jiythpd; ifnahg;gKk; gjtp Kj;jpiuAk; jpfjp:.......................... Fwpg;G: nghUj;jkw;w nrhw;fis ntl;btpLf. njhlh;G ,y:.............................. epjp>jpll ; kply; mikr;rpd; nrayhsh;. epjp>jpll ; kply; mikr;rpd; ntspehl;L tsq;fs; gzpg;ghsh;. nghJj; jpiwNrhpapd; nghUshjhu mYty;fs; gzpg;ghsh;. ghpe;Jiu nra;J rkh;g;gpf;fpd;Nwd;. ,e;j ngah; Kd;nkhopjy; njhlh;gpy; vdJ mikr;rpd; mDkjp ngwg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,e;j tpz;zg;gj;jpd; VO gpujpfs; ,j;Jld; mDg;gg;gLfpd;wd. .................. nrayhsh; ........................mikr;R jpfjp:............................. gpujk ke;jphpapd; nrayhsh;. ghpe;Jiu nra;J rkh;g;gpf;fpd;Nwd;. tpz;zg;gj;jpd; MW gpujpfis ,j;Jld; mDg;Gfpd;Nwd;. ................................... nghUshjhu mYty;fs; gzpg;ghsh; (jpiwNrhp) epjp>jpl;lkply; mikr;rpd; ntspehl;L tsq;fs; gzpg;ghsh; epjp>jpl;lkply; mikr;rpd; nrayhsh; jpfjp:....................... njhlh;G ,y:.................. ......................... (jpizf;fsj; jiyth;) ............................ (cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; ngah;> gjtpg; ngah; kw;Wk; Kd;nkhopjy;) ,k; Kd;nkhoptpw;F nfsut gpujk ke;jphp mth;fs; mDkjp toq;fpAs;shh; / toq;ftpy;iy. Njitahd eltbf;iffis Nkw;nfhs;tjw;fhf Nkyjpf gpujpfis ,j;Jld; mDg;Gfpd;Nwd;. gpujk ke;jphpapd; fl;lisg;gb> ........................................... gpujk ke;jphpapd; nrayhsh;. 19................. Me; jpfjp nfhOk;G gpujk ke;jphpapd; mYtyfk; gpujpfs;: 1. ntspehl;lYty;fs;/ nrayhsh; 2. nt.t/g> epjp>jpl;lkply; mikr;R
381

18 Mk; gpd;dpizg;G
tPLfis xJf;fL P nra;fpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jh;fSf;F topfhl;Ltjw;fhfj; jahhpf;fg;gl;l khjphpg; Gs;sptoq;fw; jpl;lk; (XIX 4: 2: 1) gl;baypy; ngah; ,lkn 1 Gs;sp 1 fhj;jpUg;Nghh; ; gw;wpUe;j xt;nthU khjj;Jf;Fk; 2 tpz;zg;gjhuUld; thOfpd;w xt;nthU gps;isf;Fk; (18taJf;Fl;gl;l Mz; gps;isfSk; tpthfkhfhj ngz; gps;isfSk;) 3 jpUg;jpfukw;w tPlL ; r; #o;epiyfSf;fhf midj;J thof ; i ; f epiyikfs; Ntiyj;jsj;jpypUe;J tPlL ; f;fhd J}uk;
mjhtJ: kw;Wk;

1 Gs;sp. toq;fg;gl KbAkhd mjpfgl;r Gs;spfs; 6 1 Kjy; 3 tiuahd Gs;spfs; 1 Kjy; 3 tiuahd Gs;spfs;

4 jdJ nghJthd flikfspd; ,ay;Gf;F Vw;g Ntiy nra;Ak; ,lj;jpw;F mz;ikapy; trpg;gJ mtrpakhfTs;s> jpdKk; my;yJ mbf;fb my;yJ ,uT fhyj;jpy; flikia Nkw;nfhs;tjw;Fj; jahh; epiyapy; ,Uf;f Ntz;ba cj;jpNahfj;jh;fs; 5 jw;fhypf cj;jpNahfj;jh;fs; 6 cj;jpNahfj;jh;fs; gyUf;F rk mstpyhd Gs;spfs; fpilj;Js;s re;jh;gg ; q;fspy; Nrit %g;gpd; mbg;gilapy; jPhk ; hdpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;.

12 Gs;spfs; Fiwf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;

382

19 Mk; gpd;dpizg;G
(XX 2: 1)

murhq;f tpLKiw gq;fshf;fisf; NfhUtjw;fhd khjphpg; gbtk; gbtk


Njitahd gq;fshtpd; ngah; : fhyk; :. Kjy; . tiu 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. ngah; : tFg;G my;yJ juk; :.. gjtpg; ngah;> kw;Wk; jpizf;fsk; : jpul;ba (tUlhe;j) rk;gsk; : murhq;f Nritapy; Kjypy; epakpf;fg;gl;l jpfjp : jw;Nghija tFg;G my;yJ juj;Jf;F epakpf;fg;gl;l jpfjp :... jw;N ; ghJ Ntiy nra;Ak; ,lk; :.. Kfthp kw;Wk; njhiyNgrp ,yf;fk;: .................................... 8. murhq;f gq;fhshTf;F tpz;zg;gpj;Js;s ,lj;jpy; ckf;Fr; nrhe;jkhd tPL cs;sjh? . 9. Kd;dh; vg;NghjhapDk; murhq;f gq;fshitg; gad;gLj;Jtjw;F ckf;F re;jh;gg ; k; toq;fg;gl;ljh? mt;thwhapd; mJ ve;j gq;fsh vd;gijAk; vg;NghJ vd;gijAk; Fwpg;gpLf. ............................................................... 10. NtNwhh; cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F toq;fg;gl;l tpLKiw gq;fshtpy;> ePh; $l;lhff; FbapUe;jJz;lh? mt;thnwdpy; ve;j gq;fsh vd;gijAk; jq;fpapUe;j jpfjpiaAk; Fwpg;gpLf : 11. ePh; ePzl ; fhy yPtpy; ehl;bw;F ntspNa nrd;Ws;su P h ? mt;thwhapd; vg;NghJ vd;gijAk; yPtpidf; fopj;j ,lj;ijAk; Fwpg;gpLf 12. ck;kpy; jq;fpapUf;fpd;w gps;isfspd; vz;zpf;if : 13. tpLKiw gq;fsh ckf;Ff; fpilf;Fkplj;J> ckJ FLk;gj;jpidr; Nrh;eN ; jhuy;yhj egh;fis mq;F jq;f itg;gjw;F ePh; cj;Njrpj;Js;su P h? mt;thwhapd; mth;fspd; ngah;fisf; Fwpg;gpLf...................................................... 14. ftdj;jpy; nfhs;sg;gl Ntz;ba tpNrl mk;rq;fs;: : 15. NkNy $wg;gl;l tpguq;fs; rhpahditnad;Wk;> njhw;W Nehnahd;wpdhy; gPbf;fg;gl;Ls;s my;yJ njhw;W Nehnahd;wpdhy; gPbf;fg;gl;L Fzkile;J tUfpd;w vtUk; vd;Dld; nry;tjpy;iynadTk; mj;jifa Nehnahd;wpdhy; gPbf;fg;gl;Ls;s vtUk; vdJ FLk;gj;jpy; ,y;iynadTk; ,j;jhy; gpufldg;gLj;Jfpd;Nwd;. tpz;zg;gjhuhpd; xg;gk; jpfjp :. jhgdg; gzpg;ghsh;> murhq;f epUthf mikr;R nfhOk;G -7 rkh;g;gpf;fpd;Nwd; jpizf;fsj; jiyth; jpfjp :...
383

20 Mk; gpd;dpizg;G
(XXIV 3 : 5) (ep.gp.238 (4) (M) itAk; ghh;ff ; ) rk;gsg; gl;baypy; ,Ue;J Fiwg;gjw;nfd mDkjpf;fg;gl;Ls;s tiuaiwiaf; fzpg;gpLifapy; ftdj;jpw; nfhs;sg;glf; $lhj khjhe;j Fiwg;Gf;fs; tpjitfs;> mehijfs; Xa;T+jpa mwtPLfs; mur Nrit Nrkyhg epjpak; tUkhd thp MAl; fhg;GWjpr; rhd;wpjOf;fhd jtizg; gzk; tpohf; fhy Kw;gzj;jpw;fhf mwtplg;gLk; njhif 50% rk;gs Kw;gzj;jpw;fhf mwtplg;gLk; njhif miur; rk;gsk; kw;Wk; rk;gskw;w yPT vd;gtw;Wf;fhf mwtplg;gLfpd;w njhif mlq;fyhf rk;gs kpiff; nfhLg;gdTf;fhf mwtplg;gLfpd;w njhif Njrpa tPlikg;G MizahshplkpUe;J my;yJ nghJj; jpiwNrhpapypUe;J ngwg;gl;l tPlL ; f; fld; 1958 Mk; Mz;bd; 42 Mk; ,yf;f Njrpa tPlikg;G (jpUj;j) rl;lj;jpd; 10Mk; gphptpd; fPo; mwtplg;gl Ntz;bait vd Njrpa tPlikg;G Mizahsuhy; mwptpf;fg;gl;Ls;s njhiffs;. ,yq;iff; fhg;GWjpf; $l;Lj;jhgdj;Jf;fhf mwtplg;gl Ntz;ba fhg;GWjpj; jtizg; gzk; Nyh$h; rPkhl;bf; fld; epjpaj;jpy; <Litf;fg;ngw;w fhg;GWjpr; rhd;wpjo; njhlh;gpy; mwtplg;gl Ntz;ba fhg;GWjp jtizg; gzk; njhlh;gpy; fopf;fg;gLfpd;w njhif murhq;fj;Jf;F toq;fg;gLfpd;w nfhilfs;

384

21Mk; 21Mk; gpd;dpizg;G


(XXIV 3 : 8: 11) tl;bj; njhifg; gl;bay; tUlj;Jf;F 7.2% tl;bg;gb khjhe;j tl;b gzj; tl;b njhif 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.04 0.04 0.05 0.05 0.06 0.07 0.07 0.08 0.08 0.09 0.10 0.10 0.11 0.11 0.12 0.13 0.13 0.14 0.14 0.15 0.16 0.16 0.17 0.17 0.18 0.19 0.19 0.20 0.20 0.21 gzj; tl;b njhif 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 0.22 0.22 0.23 0.23 0.24 0.25 0.25 0.26 0.26 0.27 0.28 0.28 0.29 0.29 0.30 0.31 0.31 0.32 0.32 0.33 0.34 0.34 0.35 0.35 0.36 0.37 0.37 0.38 0.38 0.39 0.40 0.40 0.41 0.41 0.42 gzj; tl;b njhif 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 0.43 0.43 0.44 0.44 0.45 0.46 0.46 0.47 0.47 0.48 0.49 0.49 0.50 0.50 0.51 0.52 0.52 0.53 0.53 0.54 0.55 0.55 0.56 0.56 0.57 0.58 0.58 0.59 0.59 0.60 0.61 0.61 0.62 0.62 0.63 gzj; njhif 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 tl;b

0.64 0.64 0.65 0.65 0.66 0.67 0.67 0.68 0.68 0.69 0.70 0.70 0.71 0.71 0.72 0.73 0.73 0.74 0.74 0.75 0.76 0.76 0.77 0.77 0.78 0.79 0.79 0.80 0.80 0.81 0.82 0.82 0.83 0.83 0.84

385

gzj; tl;b njhif 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 0.85 0.85 0.86 0.86 0.87 0.88 0.88 0.89 0.89 0.90 0.91 0.91 0.92 0.92 0.93 0.94 0.94 0.95 0.95 0.96 0.97 0.97 0.98 0.98 0.99 1.00 1.00 1.01 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.03 1.04 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.06 1.07 1.07 1.08 1.09

gzj; tl;b njhif 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 1.09 1.10 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.12 1.13 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.15 1.16 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.18 1.19 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.21 1.22 1.22 1.23 1.24 1.24 1.25 1.25 1.26 1.27 1.27 1.28 1.28 1.29 1.30 1.30 1.31 1.31 1.32 1.33 1.33

gzj; tl;b njhif 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 1.34 1.34 1.35 1.36 1.36 1.37 1.37 1.38 1.39 1.39 1.40 1.40 1.41 1.42 1.42 1.43 1.43 1.44 1.45 1.45 1.46 1.46 1.47 1.48 1.48 1.49 1.49 1.50 1.51 1.51 1.52 1.52 1.53 1.54 1.54 1.55 1.55 1.56 1.57 1.57 1.58

gzj; njhif 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304

tl;b

1.58 1.59 1.60 1.60 1.61 1.61 1.62 1.63 1.63 1.64 1.64 1.65 1.66 1.66 1.67 1.67 1.68 1.69 1.69 1.70 1.70 1.71 1.72 1.72 1.73 1.73 1.74 1.75 1.75 1.76 1.76 1.77 1.78 1.78 1.79 1.79 1.80 1.81 1.81 1.82 1.82

386

gzj; tl;b njhif 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 1.83 1.84 1.84 1.85 1.85 1.86 1.87 1.87 1.88 1.88 1.89 1.90 1.90 1.91 1.91 1.92 1.93 1.93 1.94 1.94 1.95 1.96 1.96 1.97 1.97 1.98 1.99 1.99 2.00 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.02 2.03 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.05 2.06 2.06 2.07

gzj; tl;b njhif 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 2.08 2.08 2.09 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.11 2.12 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.14 2.15 2.15 2.16 2.17 2.17 2.18 2.18 2.19 2.20 2.20 2.21 2.21 2.22 2.23 2.23 2.24 2.24 2.25 2.26 2.26 2.27 2.27 2.28 2.29 2.29 2.30 2.30 2.31 2.32

gzj; tl;b njhif 387 389 390 391 392 393 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 2.32 2.33 2.33 2.34 2.35 2.35 2.36 2.36 2.37 2.38 2.38 2.39 2.39 2.40 2.41 2.41 2.42 2.42 2.43 2.44 2.44 2.45 2.45 2.46 2.47 2.47 2.48 2.48 2.49 2.50 2.50 2.51 2.51 2.52 2.53 2.53 2.54 2.54 2.55 2.56 2.56

gzj; njhif 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 433 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468

tl;b

2.57 2.57 2.58 2.59 2.59 2.60 2.60 2.61 2.62 2.62 2.63 2.63 2.64 2.65 2.65 2.66 2.66 2.67 2.68 2.68 2.69 2.69 2.70 2.71 2.71 2.72 2.72 2.73 2.74 2.74 2.75 2.75 2.76 2.77 2.77 2.78 2.78 2.79 2.80 2.80 2.81

387

gzj; tl;b njhif 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 2.81 2.82 2.83 2.83 2.84 2.84 2.85 2.86 2.86 2.87 2.87 2.88 2.89 2.89 2.90 2.90 2.91 2.92 2.92 2.93 2.93 2.94 2.95 2.95 2.96 2.96 2.97 2.98 2.98 2.99 2.99 3.00 3.01 3.01 3.02 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.04 3.05 3.05

gzj; tl;b njhif 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 3.06 3.07 3.07 3.08 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.10 3.11 3.11 3.12 3.13 3.13 3.14 3.14 3.15 3.16 3.16 3.17 3.17 3.18 3.19 3.19 3.20 3.20 3.21 3.22 3.22 3.23 3.23 3.24 3.25 3.25 3.26 3.26 3.27 3.28 3.28 3.29 3.29 3.30

gzj; tl;b njhif 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591
388

gzj; njhif 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632

tl;b

3.31 3.31 3.32 3.32 3.33 3.34 3.34 3.35 3.35 3.36 3.37 3.37 3.38 3.38 3.39 3.40 3.40 3.41 3.41 3.42 3.43 3.43 3.44 3.44 3.45 3.46 3.46 3.47 3.47 3.48 3.49 3.49 3.50 3.50 3.51 3.52 3.52 3.53 3.53 3.54 3.55

3.55 3.56 3.56 3.57 3.58 3.58 3.59 3.59 3.60 3.61 3.61 3.62 3.62 3.63 3.64 3.64 3.65 3.65 3.66 3.67 3.67 3.68 3.68 3.69 3.70 3.70 3.71 3.71 3.72 3.73 3.73 3.74 3.74 3.75 3.76 3.76 3.77 3.77 3.78 3.79 3.79

gzj; tl;b njhif 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 3.80 3.80 3.81 3.82 3.82 3.83 3.83 3.84 3.85 3.85 3.86 3.86 3.87 3.88 3.88 3.89 3.89 3.90 3.91 3.91 3.92 3.92 3.93 3.94 3.94 3.95 3.95 3.96 3.97 3.97 3.98 3.98 3.99 4.00 4.00 4.01 4.01 4.02 4.03 4.03 4.04

gzj; tl;b njhif 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 712 713 4.04 4.05 4.06 4.06 4.07 4.07 4.08 4.09 4.09 4.10 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.12 4.13 4.13 4.14 4.15 4.15 4.16 4.16 4.17 4.18 4.18 4.19 4.19 4.20 4.21 4.21 4.22 4.22 4.23 4.24 4.24 4.25 4.25 4.26 4.27 4.27 4.28 4.28

gzj; tl;b njhif 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 4.29 4.30 4.30 4.31 4.31 4.32 4.33 4.33 4.34 4.34 4.35 4.36 4.36 4.37 4.37 4.38 4.39 4.39 4.40 4.40 4.41 4.42 4.42 4.43 4.43 4.44 4.45 4.45 4.46 4.46 4.47 4.48 4.48 4.49 4.49 4.50 4.51 4.51 4.52 4.52 4.53

gzj; njhif 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796

tl;b

4.54 4.54 4.55 4.55 4.56 4.57 4.57 4.58 4.58 4.59 4.60 4.60 4.61 4.61 4.62 4.63 4.63 4.64 4.64 4.65 4.66 4.66 4.67 4.67 4.68 4.69 4.69 4.70 4.70 4.71 4.72 4.72 4.73 4.73 4.74 4.75 4.75 4.76 4.76 4.77 4.78

389

gzj; tl;b njhif 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 4.78 4.79 4.79 4.80 4.81 4.81 4.82 4.82 4.83 4.84 4.84 4.85 4.85 4.86 4.87 4.87 4.88 4.88 4.89 4.90 4.90 4.91 4.91 4.92 4.93 4.93 4.94 4.94 4.95 4.96 4.96 4.97 4.97 4.98 4.99 4.99 5.00 5.00 5.01 5.02 5.02

gzj; tl;b njhif 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 5.03 5.03 5.04 5.05 5.05 5.06 5.06 5.07 5.08 5.08 5.09 5.09 5.10 5.11 5.11 5.12 5.12 5.13 5.14 5.14 5.15 5.15 5.16 5.17 5.17 5.18 5.18 5.19 5.20 5.20 5.21 5.21 5.22 5.23 5.23 5.24 5.24 5.25 5.26 5.26 5.27

gzj; tl;b njhif 879 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 891 892 893 894 895 896 897 898 899 900 901 902 903 904 905 906 907 908 909 910 911 912 913 914 915 916 917 918 919 5.27 5.28 5.29 5.29 5.30 5.30 5.31 5.32 5.32 5.33 5.33 5.34 5.35 5.35 5.36 5.36 5.37 5.38 5.38 5.39 5.39 5.40 5.41 5.41 5.42 5.42 5.43 5.44 5.44 5.45 5.45 5.46 5.47 5.47 5.48 5.48 5.49 5.50 5.50 5.51 5.51

gzj; njhif 920 921 922 923 924 925 926 927 928 929 930 931 932 933 934 935 936 937 938 939 940 941 942 943 944 945 946 947 948 949 950 951 952 953 954 955 956 957 958 959 960

tl;b

5.52 5.53 5.53 5.54 5.54 5.55 5.56 5.56 5.57 5.57 5.58 5.59 5.59 5.60 5.60 5.61 5.62 5.62 5.63 5.63 5.64 5.65 5.65 5.66 5.66 5.67 5.68 5.68 5.69 5.69 5.70 5.71 5.71 5.72 5.72 5.73 5.74 5.74 5.75 5.75 5.76

390

gzj; tl;b njhif

gzj; tl;b njhif

gzj; tl;b njhif

gzj; njhif

tl;b

961 962 963 964 965 966 967 968 969 970

5.77 5.77 5.78 5.78 5.79 5.80 5.80 5.81 5.81 5.82

971 972 973 974 975 976 977 978 979 980

5.83 5.83 5.84 5.84 5.85 5.86 5.86 5.87 5.87 5.88

981 982 983 984 985 986 987 988 989 990

5.89 5.89 5.90 5.90 5.91 5.92 5.92 5.93 5.93 5.94

991 992 993 994 995 996 997 998 999 1000

5.95 5.95 5.96 5.96 5.97 5.98 5.98 5.99 5.99 6.00

391

22 Mk; gpd;dpizg;G
(XXIV 3:17:10) Gjpa gpiz Kwpnahd;iw vOjpf; ifnahg;gkpl;L (tPnlhd;iw epUkhdpg;gjw;fhd fhzpnahd;W my;yJ tPlL ; ld; $ba Mjdnkhd;Wld; njhlh;Gila gpiz Kwp jtph;ej ; NtW) gpizKwpnahd;iw ,uj;Jr; nra;fpd;w NghJ vOjg;gl Ntz;ba khjphpf; Fwpg;G nrYj;jg;gl vQ;rpAs;s kPjpf; fld; njhifahd &gh njhlh;ghf Gjpa gpizahsh; xUtUld; Gjpa gpizKwp xd;W .. Me; jpfjp vOjg;gl;L ifnahg;gkplg;gl;bUg;gjdhy; ,g;gpizKwp .. Me; jpfjp Kjy; ,uj;J nra;ag;gl;L tpLtpf;fg;gLfpd;wJ. . gpujhd fldhsp rhl;rpfs;: (1) ifnahg;gk; : ngah;:.. Kfthp: (2) ifnahg;gk; : ngah;: Kfthp:

.. (,yq;if rdehaf Nrhryprf; Fbaurpd; murhq;fj;jpw;fhfTk; mjd; rhh;gpYk;) rhl;rp: ifnahg;gk; : ngah;:. Kfthp:. jpfjp:-

392

22 Mk; gpd;dpizg;G
(XXIV-3:17:10)

Gjpa gpizKwpnahd;iw vOjpf; ifnahg;gkpl;L gpizKwpnahd;iw ,uj;Jr; nra;ifapy; vOjg; vOjg;gl Ntz;ba khjphpf; Fwpg;G(tPnlhd;iw eph;khzpg;gjw;fhf fhzpnahd;W my;yJ tPlL ; Mjdnkhd;W)
nkhj;jf; fld; njhifahd &gh .. njhlh;ghf Gjpa gpizahsh; xUtUld; Gjpa gpizKwpnahd;W . Me; jpfjpad;W ifnahg;gkplg;gl;Ls;sikahy; ,g; gpizKwp ..Me; jpfjp Kjy; ,uj;Jr; nra;J tpLtpf;fg;gLfpd;wJ.

jpfjp

.. fldhsp

rhl;rpahsh;fs; ifnahg;gk;:.. ngah;:. Kfthp:.. gpizahsp rhl;rpahsh;fs; ifnahg;gk;:.. ngah;:. Kfthp:.. .. (,yq;if rdehaf Nrhryprf; FbauR murhq;fj;Jf;fhfTk; rhh;gpy;)

393

22 Mk; gpd;dpizg;G
(XXIV-11:15) fld; njhifia kOikahf kPsr; nrYj;jpatplj;J gpiz Kwp kw;Wk; mw;Nwhdpj; iw nry;Ygbaw;wjhf;Ftjw;fhf vLjg;gl Ntz;ba khjphpf; Fwpg;G. jj;Jtk; vd;gtw;iw (m) cld;gbf;if (nghJ 263 gbtk;) ve;j Ke;jpa gzj;njhifnahd;wpd; kPs; nrYj;jYf;fhf ,t;Tld;gbf;if vOjg;gl;Lifnahg;gkplg;gl;lNjh mk; nkhj;j Ke;jpa gzj;njhifAk;> mJ rhh;ghf mwtPL nra;ag;gl Ntz;ba nkhj;j tl;bAk; kw;Wk; fhg;GWjpf; fl;lzKk; Mapuj;Jj; njhs;shapuj;J .. Mk; Mz;LMk; khjk;..Me; jpfjpahfpa ,d;iwa jpdj;jd;W kPsr; nrYj;jg;gl;likahy; ,t;Tld;gbf;if ,j;jhy; ,uj;Jr; nra;ag;gLfpd;wJ. rhl;rpahsh;fs; 1. ifnahg;gk;:.. 2. ngah;:. Kfthp:.. (,yq;if rdehaf Nrhryprf; FbauR

ifnahg;gk;:.. ngah;:. Kfthp:... murhq;fj;Jf;fhfTk; rhh;gpy;) jpfjp:

rhl;rpahsh;fs; ifnahg;gk;:.. ngah;:. Kfthp: (M) gpiz Kwp (nghJ 264 gbtk;) ve;j Ke;jpa gzj;njhifnahd;wpd; kPs; nrYj;jYf;fhf ,t;Tld;gbf;if vOjg;gl;L ifnahg;gkplg;gl;lNjh mk; nkhj;j Ke;jpa gzj;njhifAk;> mJ rhh;ghf mwtPL nra;ag;gl Ntz;ba nkhj;j tl;bAk; fhg;GWjpf; fl;lzKk; Mapuj;Jj; njhs;shapuj;J tUlk;.khjk;Me; jpfjp KOikahf nrYj;jg;gl;likahy; ,g; gpizg;gj;jpuk; ,j;jhy; ,uj;J nra;ag;gLfpd;wJ. gpizahsp rhl;rpahsh;fs; 1. ifnahg;gk;:.. 2. ngah;:. Kfthp:.. (,yq;if rdehaf Nrhryprf; FbauR jpfjp: rhl;rpahsh;fs; ifnahg;gk;:.. ngah;:. Kfthp:
394

.. fldhsp

ifnahg;gk;:.. ngah;:. Kfthp:... murhq;fj;Jf;fhfTk; rhh;gpy;)

(,) mw;Nwhdp jj;Jtg; gj;jpuk; ( nghJ 265 Mk; gbtk;) ve;jg; gzj;njhifia nrYj;Jtjw;fhf ,e;j mw;Nwhdpj; jj;Jtg; gj;jpuk; vOjpf; ifnahg;gkplg;gl;lNjh mk; KOj; njhifAk; kPsr; nrYj;jg;gl;Ls;sikahy; ,e;j mw;Nwhdpj; jj;Jtg; gj;jpuk; ,j;jhy; nry;Ygbaw;wjhf;fg;gLfpd;wJ. jpfjp:. . fldhsp (,yq;if rdehaf Nrhryprf; FbauR murhq;fj;Jf;fhfTk; rhh;gpy;)

395

23 Mk; gpd;dpizg;G
Xa;t+jpaj;jpid khw;wpf; nfhLg;gjw;fhf toq;fg;gLfpd;w nry;Ygbaw;wjhf;f Kbahj cWjpf; $w;Wg; gbtk; (XXIV 4 : 2: 3) gpufldk; . jpizf;fsj;ijr; Nrh;ej ; .. Mfpa ehd; vdf;F toq;fg;gl;l .. fld; njhifapy; kPsr; nrYj;jg;gl Ntz;b epYitapid> murhq;f NritapypUe;J ehd; ,isg;ghWkplj;J> KOikahf nrYj;jp Kbg;Ngndd ,j;jhy; cWjp $WfpNwd;. mt;thW nra;a ehd; jtWkplj;J> vdJ Xa;t+jpaj;jpid khw;wpf; nfhs;tw;fhd vdJ tpUg;Ghpikiag; gpuNahfpj;J> ehd; ngwj; jf;f khw;wg;gl;l Xa;t+jpaj; njhifapypUe;J> ntsp epw;Fk; kPjj;jpid mwtplw;Fhpa mjpfhuj;jpid Xa;t+jpag; gzpg;ghsUf;F ifaspf;fpd;Nwd;.. Mapuj;Jj; njhs;shapuj;J .. Mz;L khjk; .. Njjp Mfpa vd;dhy; itj;J ifnahg;gkplg;gl;lJ. . gpufldk; nra;gthpd; ifnahg;gk; gpd;tUk; rhl;rpapd; rKfj;jpy; : ifnahg;gk; : . ngah; : . Kfthp :...

396

24 Mk; gpd;dpizg;G
(XXIV 11 : 1: 2) tPnlhd;iw epUkhzpg;gjw;fhd fhzp xd;iw my;yJ tPlL ; Mjdnkhd;iwf; nfhs;tdw;fhd fld; flidg; ngWtjw;fhd jifikahsh;fshFk; nghUl;L jiug;gilapd;> flw;gilapd; kw;Wk; thd;gilapd; epue;jug;gilfspy; cs;NshUf;F ,Uf;f Ntz;ba Nkyjpf jifikfs;. (i) cj;jpNahfj;jh;fs; kw;Wk; gpw gjtpfis tfpg;gth;fs;; jhk; Nritapd; epue;jug;; giliar; rhh;ej ; th;fshf ,Uj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. Nrh;eJ ; s;s

(ii)

nrYj;jg;gl Kbe;j Xa;T+jpankhd;wpUg;gpd; mjid khw;wpf; nfhs;s ,irjy; Ntz;Lk;. flDf;fhf tpz;zg;gpf;fpd;w jpfjpahFk; NghJ> cj;jpNahfj;jh;fshapd; mth;fs;> Xa;T+jpar; rk;gsk; my;yJ gzpf;nfhil vd;gtw;iw fzf;fpLfpd;w NghJ fUj;jpy; nfhs;sg;gl Ntz;ba Nritapy; 10 Mz;LfSf;Ff; Fiwahj Nritnahd;iwAk;> Vida gjtpfis tfpg;Nghuhapd; 12 Mz;LfSf;Ff; Fiwahj Nritnahd;iwAk; G+h;jj ; p nra;jpUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. Vida gjtpfis tfpg;Nghh; Xa;T+jpaj;ijf; fzf;fpLtjw;fhf fUj;jpy; nfhs;sg;glf; $ba Nritapd; 22 tUl fhy Nritiag; G+h;jj ; p nra;tjw;Fj; Njitahd chpa fhyg;gFjpf;F gzpahw;w ,zq;fpapUj;jy; Ntz;Lk; flid kPsr; nrYj;jj; njhlq;fpa ehs; Kjy; gpd;tUk; fhyg; gFjpfSf;Fr; Nritahw;w mth;fSf;F KbAkhapUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. (m) xU tUl Ntjd Kw;gzj;jpw;nfdpd; 5 tUlj;jpw;Ff; Fiwahj Nky; njhlh; Nrit. (M) ,uz;L tUl Ntjd Kw;gzj;Jf;nfdpd; 10 tUlj;jpw;Ff; Fiwahj Nky; njhlu; Nrit. (,) Nky; njhlu; Nrit 5 tUlj;jpw;Fk; 10 tUlj;jpw;Fk; ,ilg;gl;ljhapd;>mf; fhyg;gFjpf;fhd tpfpjhrhu mbg;gilapy; Ntjd Kw;gzk; toq;fg;glyhk;.

(iii)

(iv)

(v)

397

25 Mk; gpd;dpizg;G
(XXIV 11 : 3) tPnlhd;iwf; fl;Ltjw;fhd fhzpnahd;iw my;yJ tPlL ; Mjdnkhd;iw nfhs;sw;fhd fld;. jpizf;fsj; jiytupd; rhd;wpjo; ,y : .. . mth;fSf;F> tPnlhd;iwf; fl;Ltjw;fhd fhzpnahd;W/tPlL ; Mjdnkhd;iwf; nfhs;tjw;fhd fld; njhifnahd;iwg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;fhf jpU / jpUkjp / nry;tp ... mth;fs; nghJ 262 Mk; gbtj;jpy; vOjpr; rkh;g;gpj;Js;s tpz;zg;gg;gbtnkhd;iw gpujpfs; ,uz;Lld; ,j;NjhL rkh;g;gpf;fpd;Nwd;. (1) tpz;zg;gjhuh; XXIV k; mj;jpahaj;jpd; epajpfspd; gb> ,f;flidg; ngWjw;Fj; jFjpAilath; Mthh;. (2) tpz;zg;gj;jpd; 1 Kjy; 14 tiuahd $Lfspy; cs;s tpguq;fs; vd;dhy; nrt;it ghh;ff ; g;gl;lNjhL mit rhpahditnadj; njhpfpd;wd. (3) tpz;zg;gj;jpd; 13 tJ $l;by; cs;s tpguq;fs;> $Lfspy; XXIX Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; 2 Mk; gphptpd; fPo; cj;jpNahfj;juhy; ,t;tYfj;Jf;F rkh;g;gpf;fg;gl;l nrhj;J tpguf;$w;Wld; xg;gpl;L rhpghh;ff ; g;gl;ld. cj;jpNahfj;jNuh mthpd; tho;fi ; fj;JizNah mthpy; jq;fp ,Uf;fpd;w gps;isfNsh tPnlhd;iwf; fl;Ltjw;fhd fhzpnahd;iwNah tPlL ; Mjhdnkhd;iwNah itj;jpUf;ftpy;iy. thliff; nfhs;tdTj; jpl;lj;jpd; fPo; Njrpa tPlikg;G MizahshplkpUe;J tPnlhd;iwg; ngwTkpy;iy. (4) gpuNjrj;jpw;Fhpa murhq;f mjpghpd; mq;ff P huk;> XXIX k; mj;jpahaj;jpd; 3k; gphptpd; gb ngwg;gl;Ls;sJ / Ntz;lg;gl;Ls;sJ. (5) gpd;tUk; Mtzq;fSk; mDg;gg;gLfpd;wd. (i) nghJg; gbtk; 263 ,y; g+h;jj ; p nra;ag; ngw;w cld;gbf;if> kWgf;fj;jpy; fhzpapd; tptuzk; cz;L. (ii) chpik njhlh;ghf ..................ypUe;J ngw;w mwpf;if. (iii) ypUe;J ngw;w kjpg;gPlL ; mwpf;if. (iv) mstPlL ; j; jpl;lk; (mtrpankdpy;) (v) cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; gpufldk;. ,jd;

.. jpizf;fsj; jiyth; jpfjp :.

398

25 Mk; gpd;dpzg;G
(XXIV 11 : 3) fld; tpz;zg;gjhhpapd; gpufldk; ehd; my;yJ vdJ tho;fi ; fj;Jiz my;yJ vd;dpy; jq;fpapUf;fpd;w gps;isfs; vtuhapDk;> tPlL ; Mjdnkhd;iwNah my;yJ tPnlhd;iwf; fl;Ltjw;fhd fhzpnahd;iwNah nrhe;jkhf itj;jpUf;ftpy;iynadTk;> Njrpa tPlikg;G Mizahshpd; thlif topf; nfhs;tdTj; jpl;lj;jpd; fPo; tPnlhd;iw thq;ftpy;iy vdTk;. NkYk; ,e;Nehf;fj;jpd; nghUl;L ehNdh vdJ tho;fi ; fj; JizNah Kd;dh; fld; VJk; ngw;wpUf;ftpy;iy vdTk;> / murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jh; vthpdJk; fld; nghUl;Lg; gpizahf epw;ftpy;iynadTk; / gpd;tUk; cj;jpNahfj;jh; nghUl;L gpizahsh; xUtnud;w tifapy; ifnahg;gkpl;Ls;NsnddTk; cj;jpNahfj;jhpd; ngah; . . . jpizf;fsk; . . . fld; njhlh;gpy; cs;s epYit .. .. ..

vdf;Ff; fld; toq;fg; ngw;W %d;W ehl;fSs;> nfhs;tdT eltbf;iffis epiwT nra;tjw;F thf;FWjpaspf;fpd;NwnddTk;> nfhs;tdTf;fhf toq;fg;gLk; flDf;Fk;> nfhs;tdT tpiyf;Fk; ,ilNaAs;s NtWghl;ilr; nrYj;Jfpd;w Mw;wy; vdf;Fz;nld;Wk;> XXIX k; mj;jpahaj;jpd; 3 Mk; gphptpYs;s epajpfSf;fika fhzp mike;Js;s khtl;l murhq;f mjpghpd; mDkjpiag; ngw;Ws;Nsd; vdTk;/ngwtpy;iynadTk; ,j;jhy; ntspg;gLj;JfpNwd;. ,lk; : . jpfjp : . .. tpz;zg;gjhhp

399

26 Mk; gpd;dpizg;G
(XXIV 11: 4) tPL xd;iwf; fl;Ltjw;fhff; fhzp xd;iw my;yJ tPlL ; Mjdk; xd;iwf; nfhs;sw;fhd fld; chpik njhlh;ghd mwpf;ifiag; ngwf;$ba rl;lthjpfspd; cg Fohk;. ePjpkd;w tyak; (1) nfhOk;G (1) rl;lthjpfspd; ngaUk; tpyhrKk; jpUthsHfs;. [{ypa]; kw;Wk; fpwP]p rl;lthjpfs; n`hq;nfhq; kw;Wk; \q;`ha; tq;fpf; fl;blk;. nfhOk;G 01. jpUthsHfs;. vg;.N[. kw;Wk; [P j Nruk; rl;lthjpfs; ];Nll; tq;fpf; fl;blk; Ngyp tPjp nfhOk;G 01. jpU. N[hd; tpy;]d; rl;lthjp 365. mizf;fl;L tPjp nfhOk;G 12. jpUthsHfs;. B.vy; kw;Wk; vg; j Nruk; rl;lthjpfs; N`hk;yp mnyf;]hz;lu ; h ,lk; nfhOk;G 07. jpU. NkHtpd; nrd;l; v]; fhrpnrl;b rl;lthjp 161/32. ePjpkd;w tPjp nfhOk;G 12. jpU. rP. gj;kehjd; rl;lthjp 130. GJf;fil tPjp nfhOk;G 12. jpU. N`Hkd; N[.]P. ngNuuh rl;lthjp 397. mizf;fl;L tPjp nfhOk;G 12. jpUthsHfs;. rk;ge;jd; kw;Wk; b my;tp]; rl;lthjpfs; 124. ePjpkd;w tPjp nfhOk;G 12. jpU. B. gP. [auj;d rl;lthjp ,y.14. fhyp tPjp fy;fp];i]. jpU. vy;. V. gP. j my;tp]; rl;lthjp ,y. 31> ,dH ngahH yapd; tPjp nj`ptiy. 400

(2)

(3)

(4)

(5)

(6)

(7)

(8)

(2) fy;fp];i]

(1)

(2)

ePjpkd;w tyak; (3)

(4)

(5)

(6)

rl;lthjpfspd; ngaUk; tpyhrKk; jpU. ]P. MH. j my;tp]; rl;lthjp ghk; NfhHl; b my;tp]; rJf;fk; fy;fp];i]. jpU. [P. <. mNgehaf;f rl;lthjp Rg];jhd; nrd;w; NkhP]; tPjp fy;fp];i]. jpU. fpA+. vk;. MH. [akhd;d rl;lthjp ,y. 35. rhfu tPjp nfhOk;G 04. jpU. nlhpf; N[. gP. ngHdhd;Nlh rl;lthjp ,y. 34 K`e;jpuk; tPjp nj`ptis. jpU. B. V. ,j;jky;nfhl mur rl;lthjp mtprhtis jpU.ePy; j [Nfhyapd; nrdtpuj;d rl;lthjp mtprhtis jpU. B. gP. gP. rku[Pt rl;lthjp ,y. 229. mJUfphpa tPjp N`hkhfik. jpU.\h;yp.j. [Nfhyapd; nrdtpuj;d rl;lthjp mtprhtis. jpU. MH. mNgtpf;uk rl;lthjp mtprhtis. jpU. vk;. MH. vk;. k`;&g; mur rl;lthjp fk;g`h. jpU. lgps;A+. vkpy;. ngNuuh mur rl;lthjp fk;g`h. jpU. B. N[. ty;nghy rl;lthjp ,y. 69. Nkhp gpN]h tPjp rl;l MNyhrid mYtyfk; ePjpkd;wk; fk;g`h. jpU. vr;. B. uzrpq;` rl;lthjp ,y. 6 kw;Wk; 8 rq;fkpj;jh tPjp fk;g`h.

(3) mtprhtis

(1) (2) (3)

(4) (5) (4) fk;g`h (1)

(2) (3)

(4)

401

ePjpkd;w tyak; (5)

rl;lthjpfspd; ngaUk; tpyhrKk; jpU. ntyd;ild; la]; rl;lthjp ,y. 70. nfOk;G tPjp fk;g`h. jpU. ruj; rP. [atHjd rl;lthjp ,y. 3. ngsj;jhNyhf tPjp fk;g`h. jpU. B. N[. gP. je;jphp Kjyp rl;lthjp ,y. 11. ePjpkd;w tPjp fk;g`h.

(6)

(7)

(5) ePHnfhOk;G

(1) jpU. N[. vd;. V. j f;&]; mur rl;lthjp ePHnfhOk;G. (1) N[.V. Fzuj;d mur rl;lthjp fSj;jiw. (2) jpU. jp];] Fzuj;d mur rl;lthjp fSj;jiw.

(6) fSj;Jiw

(7) ghze;Jiw

(1)

jpU. vk;. N[. v];. ]P. FNu rl;lthjp yq;fh tpyh Ntufk tPjp thj;Jt. jpU. gP. B. V. Fzjpyf mur rl;lthjp ghze;Jiw

(2)

(8) fz;b

(1) jpU. [P. gP. vy;Nynghy mur rl;lthjp fz;b. (2) jpU. vk;. V. rP. tpf;ukuj;d rl;lthjp fz;b. (3) jpU. V.v];. fUzhuj;d rl;lthjp fz;b. jpU. vd;. V. rkuehaf;f rl;lthjp Njt tPjp fz;b. jpUthsHfs; kpN]h kw;Wk; tpkyNrd rl;lthjpfs; nfhOk;G tPjp fz;b. 402

(4)

(5)

ePjpkd;w tyak;

rl;lthjpfspd; ngaUk; tpyhrKk; (6) jpU. `Nue;jpu JDtpy rl;lthjp Njt tPjp fz;b.

(9) FUehfy;

(1)

v];. Nfhjhnfhl mur rl;lthjp FUehfy; jpU. B. N[. gP. klty rl;lthjp jk;Gs;s tPjp FUehfy;. jpU. vr;. vk;. uzrpq;` rl;lthjp ,isQH ngsj;j rq;ff; fl;blk; FUehfy;. jpU. N[. yq;fhjpyf rl;lthjp Gj;jsk; tPjp FUehfy;. jpU. v];. Nf. myt;t rl;lthjp thbtPlL ; tPjp FUehfy;. jpU. Nf. gpuhd;]p]; N[. ngNuuh mur rl;lthjp ,y. 7. ngsj;jhNyhf tPjp rpyhgk;. nry;tp. rP. V. v];. uh[gf;\ mur rl;lthjp ,y. 7. ghyk; tPjp rpyhgk;. jpU. v];. vk;. mG+ jh`pH mur rl;lthjp mEuhjGu tPjp Gj;jsk;. jpU. vk;. Gyq;Fyk mur rl;lthjp mEuhjGuk;. jpU.lgps;A.it.N`uj; mur rl;lthjp 195. ePjpkd;w ,lk; mDuhjGuk;. jpU.lgps;A.gP.rpj;jk;gyk; mur rl;lthjp mDuhjGuk;. jpU.vy;. b.Mrpu;thjk; rl;lthjp ,uj;jpdGup. 403

(2)

(3)

(4)

(5)

(10) rpyhgk;

(1)

(2)

(3)

(11) mDuhjGuk;

(1)

(2)

(3)

(12) ,uj;jpdGup

(1)

ePjpkd;w tyak;

rl;lthjpfspd; ngaUk; tpyhrKk; (2) jpU.vk;.rp.gpuzhe;J rl;lthjp ,uj;jpdGup. (3) jpU.v.vy;.vk;. ; [{idjPd; rl;lthjp ,uj;jpdGup jpU.rp.vy;.lgps;A.FzNrfu rl;lthjp ,uj;jpdGup jpU.Mu;.vk;;.A+.uh[gf;\ rl;lthjp ,uj;jpdGup
jpU.gp.vy;.mNguj;d rl;lthjp ,uj;jpdGup

(4)

(5)

(6)

(13) Nffhiy

(1)

jpU.gp.v];. RutPu mur rl;lthjp Nffhiy jpU. MH. rP. Efnty rl;lthjp 324> gpujhd tPjp Nffhiy jpU.rP. uzJq;f rl;lthjp 423> gpujhd tPjp Nffhiy

(2)

(3)

(4)

(14) gJis

jpUkjp. gP. gPhp]; rl;lthjp mkuh NubNah fl;blk; gpujhd tPjp Nffhiy (1) jpU. ];lhd;yp n`uy;l; mNgNrfu mur rl;lthjp Nrhkth] gJis (2) jpU. B.N[. n`ujhnfhl rl;lthjp ntypkl tPjp gz;lhutis. (3) jpU. vy;. v];. tP. ngNuuh rl;lthjp ypd;lg ; py; tq;fp tPjp gJis (4) jpU. rptjhk;gpfk; rl;lthjp ,y.7. gJSgpl;ba tPjp gJis (5) jpU. B. =. gj;kehjd; rl;lthjp ,y.20/1. fPo; uh[ tPjp gJis 404

ePjpkd;w tyak; (15) fhyp (1) (2)

rl;lthjpfspd; ngaUk; tpyhrKk; jpU. `pA+gl; <. tPu#hpa mur rl;lthjp fhyp jpU. nuf;]; tpf;ukrpq;` rl;lthjp Nyd; ghj; tPjp Nfhl;il fhyp. jpU. V. v/g;. vr; j my;tp]; rl;lthjp Nfhl;il fhyp. jpU. V. N[. gP. vk;. [atHjd rl;lthjp Nyd; ghj; tPjp Nfhl;il fhyp.

(3)

(4)

(16) khj;jiw

(1)

jpU. MH. FyJq;f mur rl;lthjp khj;jiw (2) jpU. ldp];lH Nrurpq;` mur rl;lthjp jq;fy;iy. (3) jpU. B. v];. ^y; mur rl;lthjp `k;ghe;Njhl;il.

(17) aho;gg ; hzk;

(1)

jpU. rpd;dJiw fzfuj;jpdk; mur rl;lthjp rpt];jp eyY}H aho;gg ; hzk;. jpU. Rg;gpukzpak; rghgjpg;gps;is khtl;l ePjpkd;wk; gUj;jpj;Jiw jpU. fzgjpg;gps;is ituKj;J rl;lthjp ujp];jhd; mr;RNtyp. jpU. gRgjpg;gps;is fjpuNtY rl;lthjp ePjthd; ePjpkd;wk; Ch;fhtw;Wiw jpU. MWKfk; rutzKj;J eluh[h rl;lthjp ePjthd; ePjpkd;wk; Ch;fhtw;Wiw 405

(2)

(3)

(4)

(5)

ePjpkd;w tyak; (18) kl;lf;fsg;G (1)

rl;lthjpfspd; ngaUk; tpyhrKk; jpU. fzgjpg;gps;is etuj;duh[h mur rl;lthjp Nyb nkdpd; biut; kl;lf;fsg;G

(2) jpU. Nf. nry;tehafk; rl;lthjp kl;lf;fsg;G (3) jpU. v];. vk;. Njtehafk; rl;lthjp kl;lf;fsg;G (4) jpU. gP. [P. ngl;upf; rl;lthjp kl;lf;fsg;G (5) jpU. vk;. v];. vk;. `{i]d; rl;lthjp kl;lf;fsg;G

chpj;J gw;wpa mwpf;iffisg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;sf;$ba rl;lthjpfspd; cg FO murhq;f epHthf mikr;rpd; nrayhsuhy; ,ilf;fpil ntspaplg;gLk;. ehl;bYs;s rfy ePjpkd;w tyaq;fspYk; ,Uf;fpd;w mur rl;lthjpfs; ,e;j cg FO cWg;gpdHfshtH.

406

26 Mk; gpd;dpizg;G
(XXIV 11 : 4 : 2) tPL xd;iw eph;khzpg;gjw;fhf fhzp xd;iw my;yJ tPlL ; Mjdk; xd;iw nfhs;tjw;fhd fld; njhif chpik njhlh;ghd mwpf;if xd;iwg; ngWtjw;fhf rl;lthjp xUtUf;Fr; nrYj;jg;gl Ntz;ba fl;lzj; njhif mjpfgl;r fl;lzk; &. r
Mjdj;jpd; ngWkjp &.5>000 I tplf; Fiwthf ,Ug;gpd; Mjdj;jpd; ngWkjp &.5>000 ,w;Fk; &.10>000 ,w;Ff;Fk; ,ilg;gl;ljhf ,Ug;gpd; Mjdj;jpd; ngWkjp &.10>000 ,w;Fk; &. 20>000 ,w;Fk; ,ilg;gl;ljhf ,Ug;gpd; Mjdj;jpd; ngWkjp &.10>000 ,w;F Nkw;gl;ljhf ,Ug;gpd; 52.50 73.50 105.00 126.00

407

27 Mk; gpd;dpizg;G
tPnlhd;iw epUkhzpg;gjw;fhd fhzpnahd;iw my;yJ tPlL ; Mjdnkhd;iw nfhs;sw; nghUl;lhd fld; njhif cld;gbf;ig; gj;jpuj;jpd;> gpiz Kwpapd;> mw;Nwhwp jj;Jtj;jpd;; kWgf;fj;jpy; mike;Js;s ml;ltizapy;> fhzp tpthpf;fg;glNtz;ba tpjk; (XXIV 11 : 7) .khfhzj;jpd;..khtl;lj;jpd;....Nfhwhisiar; Nrh;ej ; gw;wpd;.. fpuhkj;jpd;... khefu/efu/khtl;l mgptpUj;jpr; rigapd; vy;iyf;Fl;gl;l.. tPjpapyike;Js;s thp kjpg;gl P L ; ,y . nfhz;lJk; .. vd;w ngaUilaJkhd mjpfhukspf;fg;gl;l epymsitahsuhd ........................... mth;fshy; jahhpf;fg;gl;l.......................... Me; Njjpa kw;Wk; ........................ Mk; ,yf;f fhzpj; Jz;lhff; Fwpf;fg; ngw;Ws;sJk; tlf;Nf fpof;Nf njw;Nf Nkw;Nf ..k;> ..k;> ..k;> ..k;>

Mfpa ,e;j vy;iyfisf; nfhz;l. Vf;fh; . W}l; Ngh;r; gug;gsT nfhz;lJkhd fhzpj;Jz;Lk;> mq;Fs;s gaph;fs;> kw;Wk; fl;llq;fs; midj;Jk;>

Fwpg;G : nghUj;jkw;w re;jh;gg ; q;fspy; thp kjpg;gl P L ; ,y> tPjpg; ngah;> nrhw;fisAk; gaph;fs;> fl;llq;fs; Nghd;w nrhw;fisAk; jtph;jj ; y; Ntz;Lk;.

Kjypa

408

28 Mk; gpd;dpizg;G
(XXIV 11 : 9) murhq;fj;Jf;F mw;Nwhdp mjpfhuk; toq;fg; ngw;w fhzpfs; njhlh;gpy; mDg;g Ntz;ba khjhe;j mwpfi ; fapd; khjphpg; gbtk; (fhzp mike;Js;s khtl;lj;jpd; fhzpg; gjpthsUf;F mDg;gg;gl Ntz;Lk;) 1 ,y 2 jpfjp 3 rl;lhPjpahd Mtzj;jpd; jd;ik 4 fl;rpf;fhuh;fspd; ngah;fs; toq;F toq;fg; eh; gLgth; 5 gjpT khtl;lk; 6 cWjpf;F Vw;Gilj;jhd fhzp my;yJ fhzpfs; tpguk; 7 fzpg;G

409

1985 Mk; Mz;L ntspaplg;gl;l jhgd tpjpf; Nfhitapd; mj;jpahaq;fSf;Fk; kw;Wk; mjNdhL njhlu;Gila gpd;dpizg;GfSf;Fk; 2011.12.31 Me; jpfjp tiu tpepNahfpf;fg;gl;l nghJ epUthf Rw;wwpf;iffs;> mikr;ruitj; jPuk ; hdq;fspdhy; spdhy; nfhz;L tug;gl;Ls;s jpUj;jq;fs;

410

1985 Mk; Mz;L ntspaplg;gl;l jhgd tpjpf; Nfhitapd; I Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpw;F kw;Wk; mjNdhL njhlh;Gila gpd;dpizg;Gf;fSf;F 2011.12.31 Me; jpfjp tiu tpepNahfpf;fg;gl;l nghJ epUthf Rw;wwpf;iffs;, mikr;ruitj; jPhk ; hdq;fspdhy; nfhz;L tug;gl;Ls;s jpUj;jq;fs;

mj;jpahak;
jpUj;jpa Rw;wwpf;ifapd; ,yf;fKk; jpfjpAk;/mikr;ru itj; jPhk ; hdj;jpd; jpfjp m.ep.R. 07/2001 2001.04.24 5 m.ep.R. 59/91 1991.12.13 1991.12.13

jpUj;jpaikf; fg;gl;l gphpT> cg gphpT

jpUj;jk; mKYf;F tUk; jpfjp

jpUj;jk; nra;ag;gl;l tplaq;fs;

4:1

2001.02.14

jhgdg; gzpg;ghsh; gjpyhf jhgdg; ehafnkdg; ngahply;.

vd;gjw;Fg; gzpg;ghsh;

jhgd tpjpf; Nfhitapd; my;yJ Rw;wwpf;if mwpTWj;jy;fspd; Vw;ghLfis kPwy; jhgd tpjpf; Nfhitapd; II m ml;ltizapy; fhl;lg;gl;Ls;s jtnwhd;whff; fUjg;gl;L xOf;fhw;W hPjpahd eltbf;if vLj;jy;.

411

1985 Mk; Mz;L ntspaplg;gl;l jhgd tpjpf; Nfhitapd; II Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpw;F kw;Wk; mjNdhL njhlh;Gila gpd;dpizg;Gf;fSf;F 2011.12.31 Me; jpfjp tiu tpepNahfpf;fg;gl;l nghJ epUthf Rw;wwpf;iffs;, mikr;ruitj; jPh; hk ; hdq;fspdhy; nfhz;L tug;gl;Ls;s jpUj;jq;fs; mj;jpahak;
jpUj;jpa Rw;wwpf;ifapd; ,yf;fKk; jpfjpAk;/mikr;ru itj; jPhk ; hdj;jpd; jpfjp m.ep.R 36/89

jpUj;jpaikf; fg;gl;l gphpT> cg gphpT

jpUj;jk; mKYf;F tUk; jpfjp

jpUj;jk; nra;ag;gl;l tplaq;fs;

7:1:1 12:9 12:10 12:10:1


,ypUe;J

1988.12.23

1989.06.06

mur fUk nkhop njhlh;ghd rl;lj;ij mKyhf;fk; nra;tJ gw;wpa Vw;ghLfs;

12:10:9
tiu

12:11 11:4

m.ep.R 20/93

1993.09.06 1995.06.13

1993.09.06
m.ep.R 20/95

1995.06.13 15
m.ep.R 3/98

1998.01.30 2001.10.01

1998.01.30
m.ep.R 20/2001

epakdnkhd;W KbTWj;jg;gl;lijj; njhlh;eJ ; Nkd;KiwaPnlhd;iw rkh;g;gpj;jy;. epakdnkhd;W KbTWj;jg;gl;lijaLj;J Nkd;KiwaPlL ; Vw;ghLfis nghUj;jg;gLj;jy;. tpidj;jpwd; jilfNshL njhlh;Gila Vw;ghLfs; tpidj;jpwd; jilfNshL njhlh;Gila Vw;ghLfs;

2001.09.12

412

1985 Mk; Mz;L ntspaplg;gl;l jhgd tpjpf; Nfhitapd; III Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpw;F kw;Wk; mjNdhL njhlh;Gila gpd;dpizg;Gf;fSf;F 2011.12.31 Me; jpfjp tiu tpepNahfpf;fg;gl;l nghJ epUthf Rw;wwpf;iffs;, mikr;ruitj; jPhk ; hdq;fspdhy; nfhz;L tug;gl;Ls;s jpUj;jq;fs; mj;jpahak;
jpUj;jpa Rw;wwpf;ifapd; ,yf;fKk; jpfjpAk;/mikr;ru itj; jPhk ; hdj;jpd; jpfjp

jpUj;jpaikf; fg;gl;l gphpT> cg gphpT

jpUj;jk; mKYf;F tUk; jpfjp

jpUj;jk; nra;ag;gl;l tplaq;fs;

vt;tpj jpUj;jKk; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gltpy;iy.

413

1985 Mk; Mz;L ntspaplg;gl; ; jhgd tpjpf; Nfhitapd; IV Mk; ll mj;jpahaj;jpw;F kw;Wk; mjNdhL njhlh;Gila gpd;dpizg;Gf;fSf;F 2011.12.31 Me; jpfjp tiu tpepNahfpf;fg;gl;l nghJ epUthf Rw;wwpf;iffs;, mikr;ruitj; jPhk ; hdq;fspdhy; nfhz;L tug;gl;Ls;s jpUj;jq;fs; mj;jpahak;
jpUj;jpa Rw;wwpf;ifapd; ,yf;fKk; jpfjpAk;/mikr;ru itj; jPhk ; hdj;jpd; jpfjp m.ep.R 61/91

jpUj;jpaikf; fg;gl;l gphpT> cg gphpT

jpUj;jk; mKYf;F tUk; jpfjp

jpUj;jk; nra;ag;gl;l tplaq;fs;

6:4

1991.12.26

1991.12.26

njhopyhsh; juq;fspd; I-III Mk; tFg;Gf;fspd; epue;ju> Xa;T+jpa chpj;Js;s gjtpfSf;F epakdQ; nra;ag;gly; jpUj;jpaikf;fg;gl;Ls;sikahy; 6:4 cg gphpT ePff ; g;gl;Ls;sJ.

414

1985 Mk; Mz;L ntspaplg;gl;l jhgd tpjpf; Nfhitapd; V Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpw;F kw;Wk; mjNdhL njhlh;Gila gpd;dpizg;Gf;fSf;F 2011.12.31 Me; jpfjp tiu tpepNahfpf;fg;gl;l nghJ epUthf Rw;wwpf;iffs;, mikr;ruitj; jPhk ; hdq;fspdhy; nfhz;L tug;gl;Ls;s jpUj;jq;fs; mj;jpahak;
jpUj;jpa Rw;wwpf;ifapd; ,yf;fKk; jpfjpAk;/mikr;ru itj; jPhk ; hdj;jpd; jpfjp m.ep.R 05/2002

jpUj;jpaikf; fg;gl;l gphpT> cg gphpT

jpUj;jk; mKYf;F tUk; jpfjp

jpUj;jk; nra;ag;gl;l tplaq;fs;

2002.07.31

2002.08.23 7
m.ep.R 20/95 1995.06.13

tpUg;gj;jpw;Fhpa tajpw;F mg;ghy; toq;fg;gLfpd;wik

,isg;ghWk; Nrit ePbg;G

1995.06.13

gjtpia tpl;lfYfpd;w re;jh;gg ; nkhd;wpy; Nkd;KiwaPL nra;a toq;fg;gl;Ls;s fhyk; njhlh;ghf

415

1985 Mk; Mz;L ntspaplg;gl;l jhgd tpjpf; Nfhitapd; VI Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpw;F kw;Wk; mjNdhL njhlh;Gila gpd;dpizg;Gf;fSf;F 2011.12.31 Me; jpfjp tiu tpepNahfpf;fg;gl;l nghJ epUthf Rw;wwpf;iffs;, mikr;ruitj; jPhk ; hdq;fspdhy; nfhz;L tug;gl;Ls;s jpUj;jq;fs; mj;jpahak; pahak;
jpUj;jpa Rw;wwpf;ifapd; ,yf;fKk; jpfjpAk;/mikr;ru itj; jPhk ; hdj;jpd; jpfjp

jpUj;jpaikf; fg;gl;l gphpT> cg gphpT

jpUj;jk; mKYf;F tUk; jpfjp

jpUj;jk; nra;ag;gl;l tplaq;fs;

vt;tpj jpUj;jKk; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gltpy;iy.

416

1985 Mk; Mz;L ntspaplg;gl;l jhgd tpjpf; Nfhitapd; VII Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpw;F kw;Wk; mjNdhL njhlh;Gila gpd;dpizg;Gf;fSf;F 2011.12.31 Me; jpfjp tiu tpepNahfpf;fg;gl;l nghJ epUthf Rw;wwpf;iffs;, mikr;ruitj; jPhk ; hdq;fspdhy; nfhz;L tug;gl;Ls;s jpUj;jq;fs; mj;jpahak;
jpUj;jpa Rw;wwpf;ifapd; ,yf;fKk; jpfjpAk;/mikr;ru itj; jPhk ; hdj;jpd; jpfjp

jpUj;jpaikf; fg;gl;l gphpT> cg gphpT

jpUj;jk; mKYf;F tUk; jpfjp

jpUj;jk; nra;ag;gl;l tplaq;fs;

m.ep.R 365 4:4 1987.04.10 1986.01.01

rk;gsj; jpUj;jnkhd;wpd; NghJ cj;jpNahfj;jnuhUth; ngw;w rk;gsk;> Gjpa rk;gs msTj; jpl;lj;jpd; rk;gsg; gbKiw nahd;iw Nenuhj;jpUg;gpd; itf;fg;gl Ntz;ba gbKiw njhlh;ghf rk;gs kPsha;nthd;wpy; ,Wjpahff; fpilj;j rk;gsk; vd;gJ ahnjd tpsf;fy;. gjtpAah;nthd;wpd; NghJ rk;gsk; khw;wpaikf;fg;gLk; tpjk;

m.ep.R 335 4:9 1986.07.22 5:1 m.ep.R 11/94 5:2 1994.02.11 5:4 5:3 m.ep.R 7/2000 5:5 2000.03.02 5:6 m.ep.R 6/97 12:5:4 1997.02.03 1997.01.01 2000.01.01 1988.01.01 1986.07.22

gjtpAah;nthd;wpd; NghJ rk;gsk; khw;wpaikf;fg;gLk; tpjk;

epue;ju gjtpnahd;iw tfpj;j tz;zk; kw;nwhU gjtpapy; gjpy; flik Mw;wpdhy; gjpy; flik rk;gsk; nfhLg;gdT nra;ag;gLk; Kiw

417

1985 Mk; Mz;L ntspaplg;gl;l jhgd tpjpf; Nfhitapd; VIII Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpw;F kw;Wk; mjNdhL njhlh;Gila gpd;dpizg;Gf;fSf;F 2011.12.31 Me; jpfjp tiu tpepNahfpf;fg;gl;l nghJ epUthf Rw;wwpf;iffs;, mikr;ruitj; jPhk ; hdq;fspdhy; nfhz;L tug;gl;Ls;s jpUj;jq;fs; mj;jpahak;
jpUj;jpa Rw;wwpf;ifapd; ,yf;fKk; jpfjpAk;/mikr;ru itj; jPhk ; hdj;jpd; jpfjp m.ep.R 388 1987.12.15

jpUj;jpaikf; fg;gl;l gphpT> cg gphpT

jpUj;jk; mKYf;F tUk; jpfjp

jpUj;jk; nra;ag;gl;l tplaq;fs;

9:7

1987.12.15

tpLKiw jpdnkhd;wpy; gzp ahw;wpaikf;F chpj;jhd Nkyjpf rk;gsk; Nkyjpf Neu Ntiyg; gbfs; kw;Wk; tpLKiw jpd rk;gsq;fs; cs;spl;l xJf;fl P b ; ypUe;Nj nrytplg;gl Ntz;Lnkd

10:1

m.ep.R 305 1985.09.05

1985.09.05

m.ep.R 19/89

1989.03.23

1989.03.23
m.ep.R. 07/97

1997.01.01

1997.02.03

10:2 12

m.ep.R. 39/89

1989.08.09 2006.01.01

1989.08.09 m.ep.R 06/2006 2006.04.25

rdpf;fpoik / QhapW my;yJ murhq;f tpL Kiw jpd nkhd;wpy; mtruf; flikfspy; <LgLfpd;w NghJk; tpLKiw jpd rk;gsj;ijf; nfhLg;gdT nra;a Ntz;Lnkd midj;J gjtp epiy mYtyfh;fSf;Fk; tpLKiw jpdr; rk;gsf; nfhLg;gdT nra;ag;gl KbAnkd 1. ehl; rk;gsf; nfhLg;gdT gQ;rhq;f khjnkhd;wpw;F xU ehisf;F kl;Lg;gLj;j Ntz;Lnkd 2. mikr;ruitr; nrayhshpd; mDkjpf;Fl;gl;L tpLKiw jpdr; rk;gsk; nhLg;gdT nra;ag;gl Ntz;Lnkd 10:2 Mk; cg gphpit KOikahf mfw;Wjy; Nrit epiyag; gbfs;.

418

1985 Mk; Mz;L ntspaplg;gl;l jhgd tpjpf; Nfhitapd; IX Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpw;F kw;Wk; mjNdhL njhlh;Gila gpd;dpizg;Gf;fSf;F 2011.12.31 Me; jpfjp tiu tpepNahfpf;fg;gl;l nghJ epUthf Rw;wwpf;iffs;, mikr;ruitj; ; hdq;fspdhy; uitj; jPhk nfhz;L tug;gl;Ls;s jpUj;jq;fs; mj;jpahak;
jpUj;jpa Rw;wwpf;ifapd; ,yf;fKk; jpfjpAk;/mikr;ru itj; jPhk ; hdj;jpd; jpfjp

jpUj;jpaikf; fg;gl;l gphpT> cg gphpT

jpUj;jk; mKYf;F tUk; jpfjp

jpUj;jk; nra;ag;gl;l tplaq;fs;

vt;tpj jpUj;jKk; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gltpy;iy.

419

1985 Mk; Mz;L ntspaplg;gl;l jhgd tpjpf; Nfhitapd; X Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpw;F kw;Wk; mjNdhL njhlh;Gila gpd;dpizg;Gf;fSf;F 2011.12.31 Me; jpfjp tiu tpepNahfpf;fg;gl;l nghJ epUthf Rw;wwpf;iffs;, mikr;ruitj; jPhk ; hdq;fspdhy; s;s nfhz;L tug;gl;Ls ; jpUj;jq;fs; mj;jpahak;
jpUj;jpa Rw;wwpf;ifapd; ,yf;fKk; jpfjpAk;/mikr;ru itj; jPhk ; hdj;jpd; jpfjp m.ep.R 06/2006(IV)

jpUj;jpaikf; fg;gl;l gphpT> cg gphpT

jpUj;jk; mKYf;F tUk; jpfjp

jpUj;jk; nra;ag;gl;l tplaq;fs;

2:4 3:1

2007.06.01 2010.02.01

ePjpgjpfspd; ,ize;j gbfs; jpBh; kuz tprhuiz mjpfhhpfSf;F kuz tprhuizfSf;fhf toq;fg;gLk; fl;lzq;fs; jpBh; kuz tprhuiz mjpfhhpfsf;F toq;fg;gLfpd;w iky; fl;lzq;fs; jpBh; kuz tprhuiz mjpfhhpfspd; ,ize;j gbfs;.

2007.08.24 m.ep.R 01/2010 2010.01.15


m.ep.R 01/2010

3:5 3:5

2010.02.01 2010.02.01

2010.01.15
m.ep.R 01/2010

2010.01.15

420

1985 Mk; Mz;L ntspaplg;gl;l jhgd tpjpf; Nfhitapd; XI Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpw;F kw;Wk; mjNdhL njhlh;Gila gpd;dpizg;Gf;fSf;F 2011.12.31 Me; jpfjp tiu tpepNahfpf;fg;gl;l nghJ epUthf Rw;wwpf;iffs;, mikr; ; hdq;fspdhy; mikr;ruitj; jPhk nfhz;L tug;gl;Ls;s jpUj;jq;fs; mj;jpahak;
jpUj;jpa Rw;wwpf;ifapd; ,yf;fKk; jpfjpAk;/mikr;ru itj; jPhk ; hdj;jpd; jpfjp

jpUj;jpaikf; fg;gl;l gphpT> cg gphpT

jpUj;jk; mKYf;F tUk; jpfjp

jpUj;jk; nra;ag;gl;l tplaq;fs;

vt;tpj jpUj;jKk; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gltpy;iy.

421

1985 Mk; Mz;L ntspaplg;gl;l jhgd tpjpf; Nfhitapd; XII Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpw;F kw;Wk; mjNdhL njhlh;Gila gpd;dpizg;Gf;fSf;F 2011.12.31 Me; jpfjp tiu tpepNahfpf;fg;gl;l nghJ epUthf Rw;wwpf;iffs;, mikr;ruitj; jPhk ; hdq;fspdhy; nfhz;L tug;gl;Ls;s jpUj;jq;fs; mj;jpahak; jpUj;jpai kf;fg;gl;l gphpT> cg gphpT
1:10:2 6:2 6:1:1

jpUj;jpa Rw;wwpf;ifapd; jpUj;jk; ,yf;fKk; mKYf;F jpfjpAk;/mikr;ruit tUk; jpfjp j; jPh;khdj;jpd; jpfjp
m.ep.R 04/95 1995.01.27 m.ep.R.27/92 1992.10.07 m.ep.R 27/92(I) 1992.11.11 m.ep.R.335 1986.07.22 m.ep.R. 352 1986.11.20 m.ep.R. 15/89 1989.03.10 m.ep.R. 382 1987.10.07 1995.01.27 1992.10.07 1992.11.11

jpUj;jk; nra;ag;gl;l tplaq;fs;


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8:1 9:1

1986.07.22 1986.11.20 1989.03.10

1987.10.07 1986.11.20 1987.03.18 1987.03.18 1997.01.10 1987.03.18

9:2 10:1 11

m.ep.R 352 1986.11.20 m.ep.R.367 1987.05.06 m.ep.R.367 1987.05.06 m.ep.R.3/97 1997.01.10 m.ep.R.367 1987.05.08

11:5

422

jpUj;jpaikf; fg;gl;l gphpT> cg gphpT 12:1

jpUj;jpa Rw;wwpf;ifapd; ,yf;fKk; jpfjpAk;/mikr;ruitj; jPhk ; hdj;jpd; jpfjp m.ep.R 26/96 1996.08.23

jpUj;jk; mKYf;F tUk; jpfjp 1996.08.23

jpUj;jk; nra;ag;gl;l tplaq;fs K];yk P ; cj;jpNahfj;jh;fSf;F nts;spf;fpoik gp.g 1.00 Kjy; 2 kzpj;jpahyq;fSf;F Nkw;glhj fhyj;jpw;F kjmD];lhdq;fspy; <Lgl tpNrl yPT toq;fg;gl;Ls;snjd Rw;wwpf;ifapy; fhl;lg;gl;Ls;s epWtdq;fspd; tUlhe;jf; $l;lq;fspy; fye;J nfhs;tjw;fhf mq;fj;jth;fshd cj;jpNahfj;jh;fSf;F mDkjp toq;f KbAnkd ,j;jh mD];bg;gjw;fhd yPT Aj;jepiy fhuzkhf kPsTk; gzpf;F mwpf;ifapl Kbahkw;Nghd re;jh;gq;fspy; tpNrl yPT toq;fy;
vjph;ghuj mdh;jj ; nkhd;wpd; NghJ murhq;f Copah; xUtUf;fhd yPT

12:10

m.ep.R.31/90 1990.07.20 m.ep.R.24/99 1999.11.04

1990.07.20

1999.11.04

12:12 12:14

m.ep.R.11/2007 2007.05.23 m.ep.R 1/98(1) 1999.09.08 1987.10.07

2007.05.23 1999.04.01

1987.10.07 1987.07.17

13:8

m.ep.R.376 1987.07.17

gjpT nra;ag;gl;l mAh;Ntj itj;jpah;fSf;fhf xU khjj;jpw;F 03 ehl;fs; flik tpLKiw mDkjpf;f KbAnkd rk;gsj;Jld; $ba KO mstpyhd fw;if yPT ngw;Ws;s cj;jpNahfj;jh;fs; ifnahg;gkpl Ntz;ba xg;ge;j gbtq;fSk; gpiz KwpfSk;
KO mstpyhd rk;gsj;Jld; $ba cs;ehl;L fw;if yPTf;fhd fl;lha Nrit fhyk;

14:4

m.ep.R.43/88 1988.12.01 m.ep.R.5/98 1998.02.21 m.ep.R.303 1985.08.16 m.ep.R.306 1985.09.11 m.ep.R.17/94 1994.05.12 m.ep.R.315 1985.11.22 m.ep.R.318 1985.12.17

1988.12.01 1998.02.21

14:6

1985.08.16 1985.09.11 1994.05.12 1985.11.22 1985.12.17

15:1 15:4 16:1:1 16:1:2

rk;gskw;w cs;ehl;L fw;if yPT


rk;gskw;w cs;ehl;L fw;if yPTf;fhd fl;lha Nrigtf;fhyk; epue;ju cj;jpNahfj;jh; xUtUf;F ntspehl;L fw;if / Ntiyf;fhf 5 Mz;LfSf;F rk;gskw;w yPT toq;fKbAnkd fw;iff;fhf njhlh;rr ; pahf ngw;Wf; nfhs;s Kbe;j yPTfspd; cr;rvy;iy 03 Mz;Lfs; vdTk;/ Ntiyf;fhf njhlh;rr ; pahf ngw;Wf; nfhs;s Kbe;j yPTfspd; cr;r vy;iy 05 Mz;Lfs; vdTk;

423

jpUj;jpaikf;fg;g l;l gphpT> cg gphpT 16:1:3

jpUj;jpa Rw;wwpf;ifapd; ,yf;fKk; jpfjpAk;/mikr;ruitj; jPhk ; hdj;jpd; jpfjp m.ep.R.35/91 1991.08.04

jpUj;jk; mKYf;F tUk; jpfjp 1991.08.04

jpUj;jk; nra;ag;gl;l tplaq;fs fyhepjpg; gl;lg;gbg;nghd;iw Nkw;nfhs;tjw;fhf khj;jpuk; Nkw;Fwpj;j 03 Mz;Lfis 05 Mz;Lfshf ePbf;fr; nra;aKbAnkd
Ntiy xd;Wf;fhf toq;fg;gl Kbe;j cr;r fhyvy;iy 05 Mz;LfshFk;

16:1:5 16:1:6 16:1:7 16:1:8

m.ep.R.52/91 1991.11.10 m.ep.R.27/2008 2008.12.31

1991.11.10

2008.12.31

ngsj;j kjFUkhUf;F jh;kNghjd eltbf;iffSf;fhf 02 Mz;LfSf;fhd rk;gskw;w ntspehl;L tpLKiwfis toq;f KbAnkd
cs;ehl;bd; ntspehl;L Kfth; epWtdq;fspYk; ([f;fpa ehLfs; mikg;Gld; ,izf;fg;gl;l) Ntiy nra;tjw;fhf rk;gskw;w yPtpy; nry;y KbAnkd

16:1:4

m.ep.R.13/99 1999.06.11

1999.06.11

18:1, 18:2
18:2:1 ,Ue;J18:2:4

m.ep.R.04/2005 2005.02.03

2005.01.01

gpurt yPTfs;

18:3 18:3:1,18:3:2 18:4


18:4:1 ,Ue;J 18:4:3

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18:11:1 18:11:2 18:11:3 23:2

m.ep.R.3/2006 2006.03.02 m.ep.R.345 1986.10.03

2006.01.01

je;ijahfpaikf;fhd yPT

1986.10.03

jPTf;F

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23:3:2

m.ep.R.383 1987.10.09

26:1

m.ep.R.31/93 1993.12.22

1994.01.01

fdp];l Copah; xUtUf;fhf gpzp yPtpid toq;f KbAnkd

26:1:1

m.ep.R.31/93 1993.12.22

1994.01.01

fdp];l Copah; xUtUf;fhf fhyk; fle;j yPtpid toq;f KbAnkd Gjpa fdp];l Copah; xUtUf;fhd yPTfSk; mtUf;Fhpa Vida yPTfSk;
,isg;ghwpajd; gpd;dh; kPsTk; Nritapy; <LgLj;jg;gLfpd;w cj;jpNahfj;jh;fSf;F yPT toq;fy;

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m.ep.R.23/89 1989.03.23 m.ep.R.329 1986.05.19

1989.03.23

1986.05.19

424

1985 Mk; Mz;L ntspaplg;gl;l jhgd tpjpf; Nfhitapd; XIII Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpw;F kw;Wk; mjNdhL njhlh;Gila gpd;dpizg;Gf;fSf;F 2011.12.31 Me; jpfjp tiu tpepNahfpf;fg;gl;l nghJ epUthf Rw;wwpf;iffs;, mikr;ruitj; jP P k ; hdq;fspdhy; jh nfhz;L tug;gl;Ls;s jpUj;jq;fs;

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jpUj;jk; nra;ag;gl;l tplaq;fs;

vt;tpj jpUj;jKk; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gltpy;iy.

425

1985 Mk; Mz;L ntspaplg;gl;l jhgd tpjpf; Nfhitapd; XIV Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpw;F kw;Wk; mjNdhL njhlh;Gila gpd;dpizg;Gf;fSf;F 2011.12.31 Me; jpfjp tiu tpepNahfpf;fg;gl;l nghJ epUthf Rw;wwpf;iffs;, mikr;ruitj; jPhk ; hdq;fspdhy; nfhz;L tug;gl;Ls;s jpUj;jq;fs;

mj;jpahak;
jpUj;jpa Rw;wwpf;ifapd; ,yf;fKk; jpfjpAk;/mikr;ru itj; jPhk ; hdj;jpd; jpfjp m.ep.R 09/2010 2010.06.07

jpUj;jpaikf; fg;gl;l gphpT> cg gphpT

jpUj;jk; mKYf;F tUk; jpfjp

jpUj;jk; nra;ag;gl;l tplaq;fs;

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2010.06.01

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2007.06.01

,ize;j gbfs;

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1992.01.01

nrytpdq;fis kPsspg;Gr; nra;jy;.

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1996.07.26

gapw;rpg; ghl newpfspy; fye;J nfhs;tjw;fhf ,ize;j gbfisAk; gpuahzr; nrytpdq;fisAk; ngw;Wf; nfhLj;jy;. rhujpfs; kw;Wk; Rj;jpfhpg;ghsh;fs; MfpNahUf;fhf Nkyjpf ,ize;j gbfis toq;Fjy;.
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4:4:4

m.ep.R 43/94 1994.12.30

1995.01.01

9:2

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1995.01.01

9.3

m.ep.R. 45/91 1991.10.04

1991.11.01

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17

m.ep.R. 06/2006 2006.04.25

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426

1985 Mk; Mz;L ntspaplg;gl;l jhgd tpjpf; Nfhitapd; XV Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpw;F kw;Wk; Wk; mjNdhL njhlh;Gila gpd;dpizg;Gf;fSf;F 2011.12.31 Me; jpfjp tiu tpepNahfpf;fg;gl;l nghJ epUthf Rw;wwpf;iffs;, mikr;ruitj; jPhk ; hdq;fspdhy; nfhz;L tug;gl;Ls;s jpUj;jq;fs;

mj;jpahak;
jpUj;jpa Rw;wwpf;ifapd; ,yf;fKk; jpfjpAk;/mikr;ru itj; jPhk ; hdj;jpd; jpfjp m.ep.R 34/91 1991.08.04

jpUj;jpaikf; fg;gl;l gphpT> cg gphpT

jpUj;jk; mKYf;F tUk; jpfjp

jpUj;jk; nra;ag;gl;l tplaq;fs;

4:2

1991.08.04

fw;if gapw;rp my;yJ flik eltbf;ifSf;fhf ntspehL nry;fpd;w NghJ xg;ge;jj;Jf;Fg; Gwk;ghf gpizahsh;fs; ,Uth; rfpjk; gpiz Kwpnahd;iw ifnahg;gkply; Ntz;Lnkd

4:7

m.ep.R 24/97 1997.11.28

1996.12.04

I. fl;lha Nritf;fhyj;jpy;

rhpahf miuthrpf; fhyg;gFjpf;Fj; jz;lg;gzk; nfhLg;gdT nra;ag;gl Ntz;ba tpjk;


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10

m.ep.R 21/2007 2007.09.11

2007.09.11

murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jh;fSf;F ntspehl;L gpuahzq;fSf;fhf mDkjp toq;Ffpd;w NghJ gpd;gw;w Ntz;ba nrad;Kiwfs;

10:7

m.ep.R 21/2007 (1) 2007.12.31

2007.12.31

murhq;f mYtyfh;fs; ntspehl;L gpuahzq;fis Nkw; nfhs;fpd;w NghJ mDkjpia ngw;Wf; nfhs;sy;.

427

1985 Mk; Mz;L ntspaplg;gl;l jhgd tpjpf; Nfhitapd; XVI Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpw;F kw;Wk; mjNdhL njhlh;Gila gpd;dpizg;Gf;fSf;F 2011.12.31 Me; jpfjp tiu tpepNahfpf;fg;gl;l nghJ epUthf Rw;wwpf;iffs;, mikr;ruitj; jPhk ; hdq;fspdhy; nfhz;L tug;gl;Ls;s jpUj;jq;fs;

mj;jpahak;
jpUj;jpa Rw;wwpf;ifapd; ,yf;fKk; jpfjpAk;/mikr;ru itj; jPhk ; hdj;jpd; jpfjp m.ep.R. 24/2010 2010.12.29

jpUj;jpaikf; fg;gl;l gphpT> cg gphpT

jpUj;jk; mKYf;F tUk; jpfjp

jpUj;jk; nra;ag;gl;l tplaq;fs;

1:1

2010.12.29

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428

1985 Mk; Mz;L ntspaplg;gl;l jhgd tpjpf; Nfhitapd; XVII Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpw;F jpfjp fjp tiu kw;Wk; mjNdhL njhlh;Gila gpd;dpizg;Gf;fSf;F 2011.12.31 Me; jp tpepNahfpf;fg;gl;l nghJ epUthf Rw;wwpf;iffs;, mikr;ruitj; jPhk ; hdq;fspdhy; nfhz;L tug;gl;Ls;s jpUj;jq;fs;

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jpUj;jpa Rw;wwpf;ifapd; ,yf;fKk; jpfjpAk;/mikr;ru itj; jPhk ; hdj;jpd; jpfjp

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jpUj;jk; mKYf;F tUk; jpfjp

jpUj;jk; nra;ag;gl;l tplaq;fs;

vt;tpj jpUj;jKk; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gltpy;iy.

429

1985 Mk; Mz;L ntspaplg;gl;l jhgd tpjpf; Nfhitapd; XVIII Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpw;F kw;Wk; mjNdhL njhlh;Gila gpd;dpizg;Gf;fSf;F 2011.12.31 Me; jpfjp tiu tpepNahfpf;fg;gl;l nghJ epUthf Rw;wwpf;iffs;, mikr;ruitj; jPhk ; hdq;fspdhy; nfhz;L tug;gl;Ls;s jpUj;jq;fs;

mj;jpahak;
jpUj;jpa Rw;wwpf;ifapd; ,yf;fKk; jpfjpAk;/mikr;ru itj; jPhk ; hdj;jpd; jpfjp m.ep.R. 25/96 1996.08.21

jpUj;jpaikf; fg;gl;l gphpT> cg gphpT 1:5

jpUj;jk; mKYf;F tUk; jpfjp

jpUj;jk; nra;ag;gl;l tplaq;fs;

1996.08.21

[dhjpgjp mth;fs;/gpujk ke;jphp mth;fs;/rghehafh; mth;fs; / gpujk ePjpaurh; MfpNaghplkpUe;J cj;jpNahf G+h;t ,y;yj;ijg; gad;gLj;jpaikf;fhf vt;tpj thlifiaAk; mwtplhik.

430

1985 Mk; Mz;L ntspaplg;gl;l jhgd tpjpf; tpjpf; Nfhitapd; XIX Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpw;F kw;Wk; mjNdhL njhlh;Gila gpd;dpizg;Gf;fSf;F 2011.12.31 Me; jpfjp tiu tpepNahfpf;fg;gl;l nghJ epUthf Rw;wwpf;iffs;, mikr;ruitj; jPhk ; hdq;fspdhy; nfhz;L tug;gl;Ls;s jpUj;jq;fs;

mj;jpahak;
jpUj;jpa Rw;wwpf;ifapd; ,yf;fKk; jpfjpAk;/mikr;ru itj; jPhk ; hdj;jpd; jpfjp
mik.g./07/1670/3/7/04

jpUj;jpaikf; fg;gl;l gphpT> cg gphpT

jpUj;jk; mKYf;F tUk; jpfjp

jpUj;jk; nra;ag;gl;l tplaq;fs;

2:3 2:3:1

2007.10.03

9 2007.10.03

murhq;f ,y;yq;fspd; juq;fSf;Fhpa khjphpj; khw;wp mikj;jy;.

me;je;j jpl;lji ; j

m.ep.R 06/2006 2006.04.25

2006.01.01

nghJ eph;thf Rw;wwpf;if 6/2006 w;F mika rk;gsj;ij jpUj;jpaikj;jy;. murhq;fj;jpd; Njitf;fhf fUj;jpl;l nkhd;wpy; gzpahw;Wtjw;fhf cj;jpnahfj;jh; xUthplkpUe;jhd tPlL ; thlif mwtPL njhlh;ghf gphpT 5 cg gphpTfs; 5:9 5:9:1 Mfpatw;iw cl;Nrh;jJ ; k; jpUj;jpaikj;jy;.

m.ep.R. 22/2011 2011.11.17

2011.08.24

6:1

m.ep.R. 11/2009 2009.05.04

2009.05.04

gjtpnahd;wpw;fhf Fwpj;njhJf;fg;gl;l ,y;yq;fs; jtph;ej ; Vida ,y;yq;fspd; Fj;jiff; fhyk;

431

1985 Mk; Mz;L ntspaplg; ntspaplg;gl;l jhgd tpjpf; Nfhitapd; XX Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpw;F kw;Wk; mjNdhL njhlh;Gila gpd;dpizg;Gf;fSf;F 2011.12.31 Me; jpfjp tiu tpepNahfpf;fg;gl;l nghJ epUthf Rw;wwpf;iffs;, mikr;ruitj; jPhk ; hdq;fspdhy; nfhz;L tug;gl;Ls;s jpUj;jq;fs;

mj;jpahak;
jpUj;jpa Rw;wwpf;ifapd; ,yf;fKk; jpfjpAk;/mikr;ru itj; jPhk ; hdj;jpd; jpfjp m.ep.R. 06/2006 2006.04.25

jpUj;jpaikf; fg;gl;l gphpT> cg gphpT

jpUj;jk; mKYf;F tUk; jpfjp

jpUj;jk; nra;ag;gl;l tplaq;fs;

1:1 1:2 1:3 2:1

2006.06.01

nghJ eph;thf 06/2006 w;fpzq;f jpUj;jpaikj;jy;

Rw;wwpf;if rk;gsq;fis

m.ep.R. 04/94 1994.01.22

1994.01.01

tpLKiw xJf;Fk; mwtPLk;

,y;yq;fis KiwAk;

Fwpj;J thlif

6:1

m.ep.R. 07/88 1988.02.02

1988.04.01

thliff;F Nkyjpfkhf mwtplg;gLfpd;w fl;lzq;fSk;> fl;lz mwtPlL ; KiwAk;

6:2

m.ep.R. 04/94 1994.01.22

1994.01.01

tpLKiw gq;fshf;fis Fwpj;J xJf;Fk; KiwikAk; fl;lz mwtPlL ; KiwikAk; jpUj;jpaikf;fg;gl;Ls;sikahy; 6.2 Mk; cg gphpT ePff ; g;gl;Ls;sJ.

432

1985 Mk; Mz;L ntspaplg;gl;l jhgd tpjpf; Nfhitapd; XXI Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpw;F kw;Wk; mjNdhL njhlh;Gila gpd;dpizg;Gf;fSf; fSf;F 2011.12.31 Me; jpfjp tiu tpepNahfpf;fg;gl;l nghJ epUthf Rw;wwpf;iffs;, mikr;ruitj; jPhk ; hdq;fspdhy; nfhz;L tug;gl;Ls;s jpUj;jq;fs;

mj;jpahak;
jpUj;jpa Rw;wwpf;ifapd; ,yf;fKk; jpfjpAk;/mikr;ru itj; jPhk ; hdj;jpd; jpfjp m.ep.R. 8/2001 2001.04.27

jpUj;jpaikf; fg;gl;l gphpT> cg gphpT

jpUj;jk; mKYf;F tUk; jpfjp

jpUj;jk; nra;ag;gl;l tplaq;fs;

2001.04.27

rhujpfs; rPUilfs;

433

1985 Mk; Mz;L ntspaplg;gl;l jhgd tpjpf; Nfhitapd; XXII Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpw;F kw;Wk; mjNdhL njhlh;Gila gpd;dpizg;Gf;fSf;F 2011.12.31 Me; jpfjp tiu tpepNahfpf;fg;gl;l nghJ epUthf Rw;wwpf;iffs;, mikr;ruitj; jPhk ; hdq;fspdhy; nfhz;L tug;gl;Ls;s jpUj;jq;fs;

mj;jpahak;
jpUj;jpa Rw;wwpf;ifapd; ,yf;fKk; jpfjpAk;/mikr;ru itj; jPhk ; hdj;jpd; jpfjp

jpUj;jpaikf; fg;gl;l gphpT> cg gphpT

jpUj;jk; mKYf;F tUk; jpfjp

jpUj;jk; nra;ag;gl;l tplaq;fs;

vt;tpj jpUj;jKk; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gltpy;iy.

434

1985 Mk; Mz;L ntspaplg;gl;l jhgd tpjpf; Nfhitapd; XXIII Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpw;F kw;Wk; mjNdhL njhlh;Gila gpd;dpizg;Gf;fSf;F 2011.12.31 Me; jpfjp tiu tpepNahfpf;fg;gl; gl;l nghJ epUthf Rw;wwpf;iffs;, mikr;ruitj; jPhk ; hdq;fspdhy; nfhz;L tug;gl;Ls;s jpUj;jq;fs;

mj;jpahak;
jpUj;jpa Rw;wwpf;ifapd; ,yf;fKk; jpfjpAk;/mikr;ru itj; jPhk ; hdj;jpd; jpfjp m.ep.R 30/89 1989.05.03

jpUj;jpaikf; fg;gl;l gphpT> cg gphpT

jpUj;jk; mKYf;F tUk; jpfjp

jpUj;jk; nra;ag;gl;l tplaq;fs;

1:1

1989.05.03

gpzp yPT njhlh;ghd Vw;ghLfs;(faNuhfk;)

1:4

m.ep.R 32/93 1993.12.24

1993.12.24

itj;jpa riganhd;wpd; ghpe;Jiuf;F mika mWitr; rpfpr;ir xd;wpd; gpd;dh; 6 khjq;fSf;F tpNrl yPitg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s KbAnkd

435

1985 Mk; Mz;L ntspaplg;gl;l jhgd tpjpf; Nfhitapd; XXIV Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpw;F kw;Wk; mjNdhL njhlh;Gila gpd;dpizg;Gf;fSf;F 2011.12.31 Me; jpfjp tiu tpepNahfpf;fg;gl;l nghJ epUthf Rw;wwpf;iffs;, mikr;ruitj; jPhk ; hdq;fspdhy; nfhz;L tug;gl;Ls;s jpUj; jpUj;jq;fs;

mj;jpahak;
jpUj;jpaikf;f g;gl;l gphpT> cg gphpT jpUj;jpa Rw;wwpf;ifapd; ,yf;fKk; jpfjpAk;