GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP

February 1999

Copyright © The British Petroleum Company p.l.c.

Copyright © The British Petroleum Company p.l.c.
All rights reserved. The information contained in this document is subject to the terms and conditions of the agreement or contract under which the document was supplied to the recipient's organisation. None of the information contained in this document shall be disclosed outside the recipient's own organisation without the prior written permission of Manager, Standards, BP International Limited, unless the terms of such agreement or contract expressly allow.

BP GROUP RECOMMENDED PRACTICES AND SPECIFICATIONS FOR ENGINEERING Issue Date Doc. No.

February 1999

GS 112-1

Latest Amendment Date

Document Title

ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP
APPLICABILITY Regional Applicability: SCOPE AND PURPOSE This Specification details the minimum acceptable standard for materials and workmanship which are required in the execution of electrical works undertaken for, or on behalf of, British Petroleum and it’s associated companies It’s purpose is to give information on acceptable installation and construction methods.

International

AMENDMENTS Amd Date Page(s) Description ___________________________________________________________________

CUSTODIAN (See Status List for Contact)

Electrical Engineering
Issued by:-

Engineering Practices Group, BP International Limited, Research & Engineering Centre Chertsey Road, Sunbury-on-Thames, Middlesex, TW16 7LN, UNITED KINGDOM Tel: +44 1932 76 4067 Fax: +44 1932 76 4077 Telex: 296041

................................................. Structures and Plant ....................................................................... 9 4.......................... WIRING AND INSTALLATION OF CABLES .................... 21 7....................................................................................... 14 7...................................................................................................................................................12 Electrolytic Corrosion ................................. INTRODUCTION................................................... 8 * 3................4 System Test Dossiers............................ 10 5...........................................................................5 Materials and Equipment................. 2 2. 31 7............................................... 6 3.................................................................... 2 2........................................7 Buildings..................................................................... 5 3........................................................................ 7 3.........6 Security and Safety Regulations .......3 Construction Records Dossier................................... 5 3................................................ INSTALLATION OF ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT ................................................................2 As Installed Drawings ................. DOCUMENTATION ...................1 Scope ................................1 Construction Documents............................................................ MATERIALS HANDLING AND STORAGE ....................2 Site and Equipment Tidiness and Cleanliness.......................... 8 3.................................................CONTENTS Section Page FOREWORD ......................................................................................... 6 * 3......................3 Cable Installed Above Ground (Onshore) Or Above Deck (Offshore)....9 Temporary Power Installations............................................................................................... 14 7...................... 3 3......................................... CABLES............. 2 2............................................ 1 1........................................ 8 3....................1 Contractors Responsibilities ............................................................................................................. EQUIPMENT IN HAZARDOUS AREAS .......................... 13 7.............................................................................. 1 1.... 2 2.....................10 Portable Handlamps.................................11 Hand Tools and Aids ........................................ 5 3..............................2 Underground Cable Installation............................................................... 6 3............................................................................. 7 3............................................................................................ Electrical Appliances and Tools.......................8 Setting out Works.........................................4` Identification ...................................................... CONSTRUCTION SITE POWER SUPPLIES....... 17 7..............................4 Cables and Wiring for Instrument Systems .............................................................................................................................2 Quality Assurance .....1 General ... GENERAL.....................5 Cable Records ....3 Tradesmen and Supervision .... 32 8.............................. 1 2......................................... 11 6.................................. 6 * 3..........................................................iii 1...................... 33 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE i .........................

..................5 Electrical Surface Heating...................................................................... 46 APPENDIX A................................................1 General ............ 91 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE ii ........................ 44 9..............................8 Generator Packages .............................................................................................. 51 INSPECTION AND TEST PROCEDURE...........................................................................................................................................6 Pre-acceptance Inspection and Testing.................... Battery Chargers and Inverters ............. 49 LIST OF REFERENCED DOCUMENTS................................................5.........7 Small Power and Lighting Systems .. 43 9.....................................................................................................................................................................7 Energisation and Commissioning..................................................................... 38 8................................................................................................ 37 8...... 49 APPENDIX C....... 51 APPENDIX D....................................3 Safety Precautions ............................. 45 9.................. 35 8................................. 39 8.................................................. 44 9..................................................... INSTALLATION.............................................................................. 44 9.................................2 Installation ....................... 44 9........... TESTING AND COMMISSION............. 45 9.................................................................................................2 Motors .....................................................6 Earthing and Bonding ............................. 91 INFORMATION ..............................................4 Batteries.......................1 Switchgear ........................................................................................................................4 Inspection and Testing ................................................................ INSPECTION...............................8......... Pre-Commissioning of Electrical Systems.................................................................................................. 40 8......................................................................... 48 DEFINITIONS AND ABBREVIATIONS.......HEALTH AND SAFETY.............................................................................. 39 8..............................3 Transformers and Reactors .................. 45 9............................................................................ 48 APPENDIX B ...................... 33 8...................................................

the ‘General Foreword’ sets out the philosophy of the RPSEs. Wiring and Installation of Cables Installation of Electrical Equipment Installation. This document may refer to certain local. Commentary provides background information which supports the requirements of the Specification. Other documents in the Introductory volume provide general guidance on using the RPSEs and background information to Engineering Standards in BP. It also gives guidance on the implementation of any ‘Specification’ or ‘Approval’ actions. These new section headings are:Cables. In particular. Text in italics is Commentary. Testing and Commissioning GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE iii . operation and maintenance. revised and converted to the new ‘Way Forward’ Style. Application This Guidance for Specification is intended to guide the purchaser in the use or creation of a fit-for-purpose specification for enquiry or purchasing activity. Value of this Guidance for Specification This Guidance for Specification defines BP’s minimum requirements for electrical engineering materials and workmanship using BP’s knowledge and experience world-wide to ensure that electrical installations are carried out to a safe standard using materials of the required type and quality. and comply with good engineering practice commensurate with ease of installation. (a) Various sections have now become sub-sections under new section headings. Principle Changes from Previous Edition This document has been re-structured.FOREWORD Introduction to BP Group Recommended Practice and Specifications for Engineering The Introductory volume contains a series of documents that provide an introduction to the BP Group Recommended Practices and Specifications for Engineering (RPSEs). and may discuss alternative options. national or international regulations but the responsibility to ensure compliance with legislation and any other statutory requirements lies with the user. There are also recommendations for specific definitions and requirements. specific actions are indicated by an asterisk (*) preceding a paragraph number. The user should adapt or supplement this document to ensure compliance for the specific application. Inspection.

Precommissioning of Electrical Systems. Battery Chargers and Invertors Electrical Surface Heating Generator Packages The new section heading ‘Installation. Pre-acceptance Inspection and Testing and.Under the new section heading of ‘Cables. Energisation and Commissioning. Testing and Commissioning’ of the ‘General’ section with new text on Installation. BP International or the Custodian. please contact Engineering Practices Group. For feedback and further information. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE iv . (b) The following other new sections have been added:Equipment in Hazardous Areas Construction Site Power Supplies Feedback and Further Information Users are invited to feed back any comments and to detail experiences in the application of BP RPSEs to assist in the process of their continuous improvement. See Status List for Contacts. Inspection. Safety Precautions. Testing and Commissioning’ incorporates the previously existing text from ‘Inspection. Wiring and Installation of Cables’ are new sub-sections:Cable Transits Cable and Wiring for Instrument Systems Cable Records Under the new section heading of ‘Installation of Electrical Equipment’ are new subsections:Transformers and Reactors Batteries.

clauses should be inserted to require the vendor to operate and be prepared to demonstrate the quality system to the purchaser. It additionally covers the minimum requirements for the installation. widely differing. It is essential that the Contractor ensures that easy access to all relevant documents for reference is available. The quality system should ensure that the technical and QA requirements specified in the enquiry and purchase documents are applied to all materials.1. equipment and services provided by sub-contractors and to any free issue materials Further suggestions may be found in the BP Group RPSEs Introductory Volume. If this is not the case. but in such cases the most stringent requirements must be complied with. unless dispensation on any particular matter has been obtained in writing from the responsible authority. INTRODUCTION 1. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 1 . 1. and is therefore not specified in the core text of this specification. of which this Specification forms part.1 Scope This specification covers general standards of workmanship. National and/or local regulations are frequently applicable and take the form of rules. since compliance with the above documents could be mandatory and any short-comings might lead to delays and could prejudice the subsequent granting of a plant operating licence. together with the environment local to any particular part of a plant or area. standards etc. state or area concerned. material requirements and construction methods which are required in the execution of electrical works undertaken for. and adverse general climatic conditions that may be encountered. testing and commissioning of all electrical equipment and systems. It is acknowledged that differences may occur between the requirements of the contract documents. codes of practice. In this connection due regard must be given to the extremes. or on behalf of. Consequently this Specification in no way replaces or supersedes the requirements contained in any national or local regulations that may be applicable.2 Quality Assurance Verification of the vendor’s quality system is normally part of the pre-qualification procedure. and those of the particular authorities concerned. together with those of construction techniques required. British Petroleum and it’s associated companies. issued by the appropriate authority for the particular country. Details of the various types of installation work likely to be encountered are included in this Specification.

When the situation on site is such as to render any of the Contract Specifications inappropriate. cable routing.2 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 2 . Cable schedules showing installed length of cables.3. 2. e.g.3 2.g.3. etc.4.1 Construction Records Dossier The parts of the dossier relevant to the electrical discipline will consist of all the information necessary to record the condition and as-built status of electrical installation. specifications and other documents with form an integral part of the Contract. etc. together with any deviation from the drawing. Earthing.2 As Installed Drawings The exact siting of equipment. where advantage can be taken of a change in circumstance to the benefit of the work from any aspect.2. full details should be brought to the notice of BP Site Management in order that appropriate action can be implemented. standards. 2. Line Heating. Suggested contents of the dossier are:(a) (b) An index of design and as-built drawing. ref. schedules.1 Construction Documents Site layout and construction of the installation shall be carried out in accordance with the approved drawings. jointing and terminal connection details. the results of testing will be included in the System Test Dossier.g. shall be clearly marked on the construction drawings by the Contractor and submitted to BP site management on completion of each section of the work. or as otherwise directed. e. Cable and Equipment Schedules Manufacturer's Drawings and Installation Instructions Electrical system protective relay setting schedules and characteristic curves. 2. DOCUMENTATION 2. (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi) Installation Block Diagrams Installation and Layout Drawings BP Standard Drawings e. 2.

filed by system number. Any results of tests carried out by vendor’s representatives at site will be included but NOT the results of vendor’s works tests.3 2.4 2. Copies of all Engineering Queries. cable glands. the drive motor for a closed drain pump will be located in the closed drain system.2 2. switch fuse etc. (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) 2. manufacturer.4. identifying the system to which it applies together with a brief description.g.1 System Test Dossiers The parts of the test dossier relevant to the electrical discipline will consist of the results of all the tests carried out at site to show that a piece of equipment or circuit is ready for commissioning. even if the starter is part of a cubicle type switchboard. hazardous area classification code (if any) and area classification of location. Schedule of suppliers of certified bulk equipment e. An index of all the electrical equipment and cables to be tested shall be compiled and broken down into the system designations laid down in Project specifications/procedures.4 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 3 .4. located in the test dossier for the closed drain system will be the test sheets for the closed drain pump motor. The cabling and power supply unit (starter.4. Using the example of the close drain pump. The system allocation of a piece of electrical equipment shall be decided by identifying the system in which it operates e. with copies of approval certificates from certifying authorities. including replies and all other attachments. Equipment preservation records as required by BP Group RP 32-2. Index of relevant Engineering Queries in number order. junction boxes. its starter. push button stations etc.g. and the cabling to the motor and push button units. Index of all tagged items by system showing purchase order number. which will be held in vendor dossiers.) for a piece of electrical equipment will be combined with the item of equipment for system allocation.4. updated to include site purchases.(c) Cable Drumming schedules with manufacturer’s test certificates for each drum. 2.

2.4.5

The final index shall list not only the piece of equipment and its associated cabling but also the numbers of all the test sheets and the date of completion of the test. The Contractors activities for the preparation of final documentation, namely, as built-drawings, fabrication and system test dossiers, and outstanding material lists, shall be carried out under the supervision of BP.

2.5

GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP

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3.

GENERAL 3.1 Contractors Responsibilities The Contractor will be expected to assume full responsibility for the completion of all works necessary to fulfil the specified functional requirements listed in the Contract Documents and Job Specification. The area and degree of responsibility vested in the Contractor for the protection and maintenance of electrical plant and equipment during construction and commissioning of the Works will be defined in the Contract Specification and implementation of these requirements shall be agreed with BP Site Management before work is commenced. In general the Contractor shall be responsible for:(a) The receipt, inspection and storage of all items of equipment supplied by BP. The supply of all other items of equipment as specified in the Contract Documents. The installation of all equipment, including any necessary support structures including fabrication, where necessary, of such supporting materials as specified in the Contract Documents. Bringing to the attention of BP any omissions from the Contract Documents of any items essential for the safe and correct functioning of any part of the specified equipment or system. The testing and pre-commissioning of all equipment and systems after installations. Maintenance of all installed equipment and systems until the works are formally accepted by, and control transferred to BP.

(b)

(c)

(d)

(e)

(f)

3.2

Site and Equipment Tidiness and Cleanliness The Contractor is to ensure that his work sites are kept in a clean and orderly fashion at all times and that unwanted scrap, waste materials, etc., are removed from site at appropriate intervals or as otherwise agreed or directed by BP Site Management. Upon completion of each part of the installation the Contractor shall ensure that every item of electrical equipment is internally and externally clean and free from extraneous objects.

GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP

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3.3

Tradesmen and Supervision Personnel engaged on the construction of electrical installations shall be fully qualified and competent tradesmen skilled in the particular field of work in which they are engaged. They will be required to operate under the general supervision of a suitably qualified and responsible electrical engineer, or supervisor, as required under the terms of the Contract.

3.4

Identification All cables, conductors, circuits and equipment, etc., shall be fitted with a permanent means of identification in accordance with the codes that have been established for the Works. Omissions shall be rectified, as the Works proceed, by the provision of an appropriate means of identification in compliance with, and/or an extension to, an established system, or by the introduction of an additional system in agreement with BP Site Management and compliance with the requirements of 2.2.

*

3.5

Materials and Equipment Materials and equipment supplied by the Contractor under the contract shall be new, unless otherwise agreed, and comply with Nationally recognised standards of the user country and BP Engineering Codes of Practice. Material and equipment manufactured to standards other than the above shall be approved in writing by BP and/or the appropriate authority in the user country.

3.6

Security and Safety Regulations All work shall be carried out in accordance with rules, regulations and instructions issued by BP Site Management. Unless otherwise stated the above shall be interpreted to include all National/Local rules, regulations, etc., as may be applicable, with particular attention to those concerning all aspects of safety. In some cases the Contract Works will be adjacent to, and/or within, existing plant operating areas under the control of an Operating Plant Company Management. Particular attention is drawn to the necessity of strict adherence to regulations and instructions applicable to such areas, these will include compliance with existing written "Permit-toWork" procedures. Serious consequences can arise due to accidental damage to and/or inadvertent operation of equipment associated with operating plant, or through interference; consequently every precaution shall be taken to prevent such occurrences. Should they take place, BP Site, or the Operating Plant Management shall be informed immediately. It is important that any related or immediate subsequent action necessary should only be undertaken on receipt of specific instructions from the BP Management unless the action needed is obvious and can be carried out safely, e.g. fighting a fire with the correct means.

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etc.. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 7 . forming part of process lines. Inadvertent damage must be reported immediately to BP Site Management. shall be left undisturbed unless specified otherwise by BP Inadvertent damage must be reported immediately to BP Site Management. must be installed strictly in accordance with the Contract instructions. vessels.8 Setting out Works Care must be taken at all times to ensure that the finished work has a good appearance. and the work must be fully protected against possible damage during the application of thermal insulation and fireproofing materials. The actual requirements for each work area under a particular contract will be defined by BP Site Management. structure or plant. and will be introduced immediately electrical testing and commissioning work requires equipment and cables to be energised. Thermal insulation and fireproofing materials.Written "Permit-to-Work" procedures may be introduced for any of the Contract Work areas should it be necessary to ensure safe working.7 Buildings. Equipment should be located as far as possible to facilitate maintenance without the use of ladders or other temporary support structures. shall allow adequate clearances. ready access is available to components. the procedure contained in Project Department’s Health and Safety at Work Advice and Information Manual shall apply. Work carried out prior to the application of thermal insulation and fireproofing materials. and the likelihood of damage due to vibration. When locating equipment. and movement of.. no alteration shall be made to any building. In the absence of a Client’s ‘Permit-to-Work’ System. When detailed instructions have not been included. All electrical equipment and installations shall be located and/or protected against the effects of heat that may be radiated or conducted from the process plant. * 3. structure or plant. where appropriate. etc. corrosion or chemical action. in conjunction with the Operating Plant Company Management when necessary. Structures and Plant Equipment suspended or attached to any building. and that. high fire risk areas must be avoided as far as is possible. Care must be taken not to obstruct access to. 3. structures. who will be responsible for any dispensation in requirements. unless specifically authorised by BP Site Management. etc.. Any dispensation must be obtained in writing. plant.

provided the equipment is of the double insulated type and/or the sub-circuit to which it is connected includes a current operated earth leakage protective device. and when unavoidable. The above equipment shall be maintained. electrical appliances and tools shall be supplied from single phase double wound transformers having the centre point of the utilisation voltage winding brought out and solidly earthed. Overhead insulated conductor systems will only be permitted when unavoidable and require the written authorisation of BP Site Management.e. See Clause 6. heavy duty tools. may be supplied at voltages in excess of the above. i. Such transformers shall have an earthed metal screen between the windings. Materials and equipment supplied as a free issue to the Contract Works will normally include special tools and aids as are necessary unless otherwise specified..5 Bench mounted equipment. of hand tools specifically designed for the purpose for which they are to be used.9 Temporary Power Installations Power distribution systems installed for the express purpose of providing temporary power for construction works shall be subject to the same standards of workmanship as permanent installations except where otherwise allowed for in the Contract or authorised by BP Site Management. shall always be available to all personnel engaged in the Contract Works. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 8 . etc. See section 7 of this Specification. There shall be no bare conductor overhead power supply and distribution systems of either a temporary or permanent nature in any work area. 3.10 Portable Handlamps.11 Hand Tools and Aids A full range. 3. and for carrying out the work in the correct manner. from the standard medium voltage single phase and neutral supply. small portable electrical apparatus. Materials and equipment to be supplied as part of the Contract Works shall include such special tools and aids as are necessary for the correct execution of the work. The Contractor shall ensure that the correct tools and aids are used for all work carried out. and an adequate supply. Electrical Appliances and Tools Portable hand held lamps.3. inspected and tested at regular and appropriate intervals to ensure an entirely satisfactory condition.

(ii) (iii) GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 9 . Coatings of proprietary compounds. specially manufactured for the purpose. may be cadmium plated. The bolts. Cable glands. may be used between dissimilar metals. stand-off washers shall be used. is to be mounted on a steel structure. washers. with the agreement of BP Site Management.* 3. other than aluminium glands. for installation into aluminium enclosures. say aluminium. Examples with some alternatives are given below:(i) When apparatus of one metal.12 Electrolytic Corrosion Measures shall be adopted to minimise electrolytic corrosion. and nuts may be galvanised or cadmium plated.

The Contractor shall be entirely responsible for the safety. All damage shall be notified in writing to the carrier.1 The Contractor shall receive all items of equipment supplied by BP. the supplier and BP for immediate action to avoid work schedule delays. where applicable. the omission of any items necessary to complete the Works. to the satisfaction of BP.4. Any equipment broken or damaged in storage shall be repaired. and the Contractor shall advise BP in advance of any anticipated shortage in order to avoid delay in scheduled installation. or replaced by the Contractor at his own cost. before installation in safe storage and in environmental conditions suitable for the particular items of equipment where they will not be liable to damage deterioration or corrosion and. all equipment shall be inspected by the Contractor for damage during transit.4 4. The Contractor shall provide all other materials necessary to complete the works in accordance with the Contract Documents.2 4. The Contractor shall be responsible for continuous monitoring and reporting of material usage. during installation. MATERIALS HANDLING AND STORAGE 4. of those equipment items supplied by BP.3 4.5 4. security and condition of all equipment and materials for the duration of the Contract. He shall keep all equipment and materials. 4. in accordance with manufacturer’s recommendations. Immediately on receipt. The Contractor shall review the list of items of equipment to be supplied by BP and report immediately in writing to BP.6 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 10 .

In zone 2 hazardous areas only equipment of types of protection ‘d’. e. all as described in BS 5345. All electrical equipment and ancillaries supplied by the Contractor for installation in hazardous areas shall be certified by a National Certifying Authority for use in the particular classified area. ‘s’ ‘N’ or ‘n’ shall be used. as defined in EN standard 50-014. the position of the electrical equipment in relation to other plant should be in accordance with the requirements of its certification and the associated Code of Practice. ‘e’. The Contractor shall ensure that all supervisory personnel are conversant with these drawings and fully understand the requirements for electrical apparatus in hazardous areas.3 5. understand the characteristics of the types of protection of electrical equipment for use in such areas. have the correct temperature classification and equipment group and be suitable for the particular environmental conditions. ‘e’ and ‘s’. Any ancillary equipment. Equipment which has been manufactured and certified in a country other that the country of installation should be checked to ensure that the equipment has been tested at the voltage and frequency of use as otherwise the temperature rise may be excessive.1 The Contractor will be issued with drawings showing the hazardous area classification of the plant or installation. flameproof gaps on equipment with type of protection ‘d’ should not be nearer to other plant than as specified. Where there is any conflict with these requirements the Contractor shall report immediately to BP for a decision regarding remedial action. Also the installation Codes of Practice in the country of manufacture and certification shall be checked to ensure that the certification is not related to an installation practice unacceptable in the country of use. supplied by the Contractor shall be certified for use with the BP supplied equipment in order to maintain the characteristics of the type of hazardous area protection.4 5. cable glands.g. Specifications for type ‘N’ motors 5. shall be installed. The relevant specification for types of protection ‘n’ is IEC Publication 79-13 and the general specification for types of protection ‘N’ is BS 6941. All other personnel shall be fully qualified and competent tradesmen who have been trained in installation work in hazardous areas and.5. In zone 1 hazardous areas only equipment of types of protection ‘d’.g. Where relevant. e. EQUIPMENT IN HAZARDOUS AREAS 5. The Contractor shall ensure that all electrical equipment supplied by BP for installation in hazardous areas is installed in the correct location in accordance with the contract drawings.5 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 11 .2 5. therefore.

and type ‘N’ luminaires are BS 5000 Part 16 and BS 4533.51 respectively. Section 102. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 12 .

an estimate of the total power requirements for construction. including if applicable. When the Contract Documents place responsibility on the Contractor for providing construction site power supplies.1 The Contractor shall produce for BP approval.5 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 13 . this estimate shall be used for the purpose of either negotiating the provision of power supplies from an existing BP supply system or a power supply authority or providing temporary generating plant. When the Contract Document place responsibility on BP for the supply of construction power this estimate will be used by BP for the provision of supplies by one of the above methods. Supplies to equipment from socket outlets shall comply with BP Group RP 12-17.2 6.3 6. 6. modules are in close proximity to one another. due to space restrictions. * CONSTRUCTION SITE POWER SUPPLIES 6.6 Any part of the construction supply electrical distribution system or any electrical equipment used for construction which may be energised or used after the plant or part of the plant has been commissioned and which may then be in a potentially hazardous area shall be certified for use in that area. separate estimates of power supply requirements shall be provided for onshore construction and offshore construction. For the construction of offshore platforms. The power system for construction site power supplies shall be designed and installed in accordance with BP Group RP 12-1 and RP 12-19. This applies particularly in offshore situations where. In the UK the system and use of electricity shall also comply with BS CP 1017. 6.6.4 6. the Guidance Note G524 published by the Health and Safety Executive and the IEE Wiring Regulations for Electrical Installations. all temporary site accommodation and associated domestic services.

at a position so that any leakage that may occur does not create a hazard.1. This is of particular importance offshore where fire retardant or fire resistant cables are specified.3 * 7.1 7. e. The exposed armouring should be protected by a fire and corrosion resistant coating. shall be treated to provide a visible drainage point near the termination at each end. which might be subject to deterioration at some point along its route.1 General All cables. and thereby permit migration of flammable or corrosive substances along the interstices of the armouring. the Contractor shall check the locations of cable tray. steelwork. however. or are supplementary to. or that they do not cause any hazard to personnel. 7. Overhead cable routes will have be selected to avoid areas subject to both spillage and fire risk. Where cable is installed overhead. The drainage point shall be made by cutting an annular ring from the outer plastic sheath. PVC.1. WIRING AND INSTALLATION OF CABLES 7. No deviation shall be made from the cable routes shown on the Contract Drawings without BP Site Management approval. Cables for each circuit shall be of the type and size specified for that circuit.2 The Contractor shall be responsible for ensuring that cables are installed in accordance with the Contract Drawings and cable schedules.1.1.1. Where problems arise BP Site management shall be consulted. ducting etc. the requirements of the above.5 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 14 .4 7. ladders and tracking shown on the drawings to ensure that no conflict exists between them and any other equipment. Cables having an outer homogeneous corrosion protective outer sheath. * 7.. Cable routes not detailed on contract drawings shall also comply with the above and be agreed with BP Site Management.7. Underground cable routes detailed in the Specification Documents and Drawings will have been selected to avoid areas likely to be subject to product contamination from spillage. cable systems and wiring shall comply with:(a) (b) (c) (d) BP Group RP 12-13 BP Group RP 24-1 BP Group RP 24-2 BP Group GS 112-12 The clauses in this section of this document either make reference to. CABLES.g. piping. block access ways or prevent removal of equipment.

and easy replacement.1.g. etc. e. Exposed cut ends of paper insulated cable shall be capped by plumbing.1.g. but the use of cables enclosed in flexible conduit is not normally permitted. Connecting cables shall be so routed and/or of a type appropriate for the duty.1.10 Cables shall be run in continuous unbroken lengths and joints will not be permitted unless the route length exceeds the maximum manufactured drum length. they shall be provided with adequate mechanical protection in the form of metallic sleeves or kick plates projecting not less than 150 mm (6 in) above floor level.1.1. 7.8 7. When cable is supplied in drum lengths nominated for particular circuits it is the Contractor's responsibility to ensure that the cable is used for the nominated circuits. etc. Cable drums shall be rotated only in the direction indicated by drum markings and open ends of cable are to be effectively sealed immediately after cutting to prevent the ingress of moisture.6 Certain items of electrical plant and machinery are subject to movement and/or vibration during operation and subsequent maintenance. motors on slide rails. e. motor driven agitators. In such * 7. Under no circumstances shall metal levers or tools be used in direct contact with cables during installation unless of a proprietary type specially designed for the purpose.11 Where cables pass through floors. Kick plates shall be so positioned as not to constitute a trip hazard. sheaths. 7. At all times the utmost care is to be exercised to avoid damaging the protective sheathing of cable or of causing excessive bending or twisting which may result in bird caging of wire armour and/or damage to core insulation.9 * 7. normal maintenance and adjustment without unduly stressing the cable and/or cable terminations.7. Cables shall not be handled or installed when the ambient temperature is below 2°C unless agreed with BP Site Management. 7.1.12 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 15 .1. mining type flexible armoured cable could be used for motors on slide rails. motor driven in-line pumps. or rise through covered trenches.7 Storage and handling of cable before and during installation is to be carried out with due regard to manufacturer’s recommendations. The arrangement of the connection must permit freedom of equipment movement under all operating conditions. Other types shall be compounded and taped. The bending radius of a cable shall not be less than the manufacturers recommended minimum. or jointing of the cable is otherwise specifically authorised by BP Site Management.

1..1. particularly when they form part of an electrical network with a high prospective short circuit rating. Details of the clamping and bonding arrangements will generally be fully covered in the Job Specification. Under no circumstances shall improvised devices be used for clamping cables in Trefoil formation. Each set of single core cables comprising a three phase circuit shall be run close together and under no circumstances shall ferrous metal be interposed between the single core cables. e. 7. and the work shall be carried out under the direct supervision of a competent person. The utmost care shall be exercised when installing such cables to ensure that they are correctly allocated to their specified duty. The arrangements for clamping single core cables in three phase circuits requires special attention. A procedure shall be agreed with BP Site Management.1. only those of an agreed type and materials obtained from agreed suppliers will be permitted. For identification purposes cable having a protective outer sheath of PVC. but irrespective of this the final arrangement shall be agreed with BP Site Management. each cable shall be fitted with indestructible identification bands at each end.1. polythene. at 30 metre intervals over the entire route length.13 Catenary support of cable will not be permitted unless all other methods of installation are impractical and then only with the specific authorisation of BP Site Management.16 Unless otherwise specified.circumstances handling and installation will only be permitted following an adequate period of storage at a relatively high temperature and provided the installation can be completed within a specified time. Trefoil formation shall be used for each three phase group of single core cables and this requirement will be relaxed only where it is impractical.15 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 16 . at all points where it enters or leaves ducts and buildings and at each change in direction. due to mutual induction. or other special material shall carry distinctive markings as indicated in the Job Specification. * 7. Unless otherwise specified single core cables shall be provided with an outer protective sheath. and if laid direct in the ground and/or if unsupported over any part of their entire length. preferably approved by the cable manufacturer. PVC.14 * 7.g. When single core cables are used for three phase circuits special attention shall be given to minimising the likelihood and effects of circulating currents in the lead sheaths and/or non-ferrous armouring. shall include non-ferrous armouring. Insulated glands for cable terminations should be fitted at one end and must be assembled and tested strictly in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. * 7.

1. For particular applications proven barrier materials other than lead may be permitted but must be agreed. loam or sifted soil and protected by suitably sized concrete or earthenware cable covers. Cables without barriers must be laid without deviation from the specified or agreed route.2.7. unless otherwise stated in the Job Specification. Testing and Pre-Commission of New Plant and in accordance with Appendix C of this document.18 7. 7.2 Cables shall be surrounded by not less than 50 mm (2 in) of washed sand.1 * 7.2. It shall be the Contractor’s responsibility to obtain the cable manufacturer’s recommendations for the range of cables listed in the Contract cable schedules. Covers shall be of the standard interlocking type laid directly above the 50 mm (2 in) fill of screened material and shall extend to the full width of the trench giving an overlap of at least 50 mm (2 in) beyond the outer cables. Site testing of cable installations shall be carried out in accordance with BP Group RP 32-2 Site Inspection.1.1. The recommendations regarding minimum bending radius shall be strictly applied. Underground Cable Installation Cable Installed Directly in the Ground Cables installed directly in the ground for the whole or part of the route should incorporate a lead sheath unless otherwise Specified by BP.17 Cables shall be installed in accordance with manufacturers recommendations.2.1.3 In temperature climates the minimum depth of cover required from cable to finished grade shall. since this will have been selected as one unlikely to suffer contamination.2 7.1 7. If deviation is necessary for any reason authority must be obtained and the new route given written approval by BP Site Management.2.1. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 17 . be as follows:(i) (ii) Street lighting and telephone cables Power cables up to and including 1000 volts and control cables Power cables above 1000 volts 500mm 500mm 800mm (iii) If a pilot or control cable forms an integral part of a power circuit it shall be laid at the same depth and adjacent to the associated power cable. 7.

and/or sand/cement mixes shall be strictly adhered to at all times. Cable stockings shall be sized to the cable and fitted in a correct manner. is appropriately greater than the frost maximum penetration depth. cables shall be installed either below the frost level or. Underground cable routes shall be identified by concrete cable markers set into the ground to project approximately 300 mm (12 in) above grade.2.1. before backfilling as detailed above for the initial bedding.7 Drum jacks. Any specific instructions included in the Job Specification and drawings in respect of special additives.6 Armoured cable shall be installed with the aid of specially constructed rollers.1.1. Cable 7. Cable shall at no time be installed directly from a drum mounted on a moving vehicle. Unarmoured cable shall be installed by hand. Where thermal conductivity of the material is lower than anticipated and below the value on which cable ratings and grouping factors have been determined. be installed with the assistance of a suitable winch.1 mm sieve and less than 20% passes through a 0.7.2. Attention shall then be paid to ensuring that the depth of excavation . having an adjustable tensioning device and indicator. action must be taken in agreement with Site Management on the corrective measures to be adopted. Cables up to 38 mm (1 1/2in) diameter shall be installed by hand. with BP Site Management approval. The markers are to be positioned at 30 metre (100 ft.) intervals on straight runs and at points where the route changes direction. 7. 7.1. The equipment shall be kept in a sound condition and be used in the approved manner. cable rollers and other equipment shall be of the correct type and size for each drum and cable laid.4 In areas where wet sand/soil is liable to frost action. Where recommended by the manufacturer pulling eyes shall be fitted to the cable at the time of manufacture.2. if installed above frost level the grade of bedding shall be such that less than 40% passes through a 0.5 * 7.2.8 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 18 . operated by a trained and competent operator. but larger cables may.1.2. The infill shall be free from large stones or other injurious objects to a level at least 150 mm (6 in) above the protection covers. The thermal conductivity of bedding and infill material for cable trenches and troughs must be established before use.2mm sieve. Infilling of cable trenches shall be well compacted and the ground reinstated to its original grade and finish. as indicated in the Job Specification. Under no circumstances is the maximum permitted tension for the type and size of cable to be exceeded.

for installation of direct buried cable shall be adhered to insofar as it becomes equally applicable when the cable is installed in a prepared concrete trench.2.3. A copy of these records shall be submitted to BP Site Management.2 7.2. Before installing cable the concrete covers shall be removed and laid clear of the cable pulling area.1.2.2. Where such procedure is impracticable a detailed programme of laying shall be agreed with BP Site Management.2. duct and trench sections. When existing trenches are used to accommodate additional cables any fill shall be carefully removed to the level of the existing cables and new bedding prepared.6.1.1 7.trenches less than 1 metre wide shall be provided with single markers on the centre line of the run.3. Clauses 5.2. This information will subsequently be transferred to permanent “As Installed” drawings by the Contractor or as otherwise detailed in the Job Specification.2. and this should include a temporary fence around the local area at an appropriate distance from the coiled cable.3 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 19 .5.4 On completion of cable laying. trenches shall be back filled with clean sand and the covers replaced. The trenches shall then be cleared of all foreign material and left free of obstruction. Cable Installed in Concrete Trenches (Including Troughs) The installation of cables in trenches or troughs shall comply with BP Group RP 12-13. Relevant procedure included under Sub-Section 7. Similar markers suitable inscribed shall be used to indicate the position of underground joints.2. firmly anchored and the immediate area fenced.2. 7.2. Alternatively such cable may be left on the drum which must be lowered from its jacks. suitable protected against damage. Trenches wider than 1 metre shall be indicated by markers mounted on each side of the trench at the intervals specified. indicating the circuits installed and the location of underground joints taken by measurement from fixed and permanent landmarks. 5. Recorded information shall include dimensioned trench positions.10 Accurate and detailed records of all buried cables are to be prepared in duplicate by the Contractor as each section of cable laying proceeds.2 7. Care shall be taken when replacing trench covers to ensure that they are not dropped and that they are properly positioned and seated. Responsibility for covers damaged or 7.2. 7. In all cases when cable is left exposed above ground it shall be coiled.4.9 The installation of direct buried cables shall not be commenced until the entire route has been excavated and prepared ready to receive the cable. 5.3. * 7.2.1.

7.3.2.2. manufactured earthenware bends of appropriate size and radius may be used having regard to overall diameter and the class of cables to be installed.3.g. 7.7 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 20 .broken during cable laying operations shall rest entirely with the Contractor who shall replace them. The overall length of ducts and pipe crossings shall extend at least 300 mm (12 in) beyond the limits of the area requiring ducts.2.2 For single runs or otherwise at the discretion of BP Site Management.2. If the ducts are to be haunched in concrete they shall be bound with an impervious tape to exclude ingress of the concrete.3 7. When installing bends care shall be taken to ensure that the joints are fully engaged.3. The procedures detailed under Sub-Section 7. Draw wires shall be installed in each duct.Cables Installed Direct in the Ground.1 Cables Installed in Ducts Application and design of duct systems shall comply with the Job Specification and drawings.2.3.2. e. a single length of steel pipe shall be used.2.2. 7. In special circumstances.3.4 7. In general all ducts shall be haunched in concrete and be socket and spiggot type of earthenware or non-bituminous fibre. All ducting shall be temporarily sealed when not required for immediate use. Before cables are installed into ducts the duct line is to be proved clear of obstruction with the use of a wooden mandrel or by rodding.6 7.3. shall be followed insofar as they are applicable to cables being installed in ducts.1 .2. railway crossings or where adequate depth of lay cannot be obtained. The use of split ducting is prohibited except under special circumstances and with the approval of BP Site Management. Where trenches are located within plot limits of process areas or other locations subject to excessive spillage or washings the covers shall be effectively sealed or trenches floated over with a coloured weak cement mix as detailed in the Job Specification.3 7.3.5 7. In cases where the use of split ducting has been authorised all joints shall be correctly fitted and the ducts bound in an approved manner.

3.1.1.2. Pilot and/or control cables shall not be installed together with a power cable in the same duct and in general each duct shall carry a single power cable.3 7. On minor cable routes involving both power and instrumentation cables where it is impractical to route more than one rack level.3.3.3 7. Care shall be taken to maintain the segregation distances between power and instrumentation cables specified in BP Group RP 30-8.2 7. 7. the racks shall be colour coded.7. where specified. or other agreed material. Unless already specified in the contract documents the Contractor shall obtain BP approval of the proposed material.1.3. Where due to space restrictions it is impractical to maintain these distances a segregation distance of 300 mm is adequate for all but very low signal level instrument action circuits but BP approval shall be obtained for all departures from the distances specified in BP Group RP 30-8. The material used for cable trays and ladder racks shall be selected from those listed in BP Group RP 12-13 Section 4.1 7.4 * 7.4. on point with individual number/letter combinations.1 * 7.3. In cases where deviation from the practice is necessary the matter shall be referred to BP Site Management. All cable cores shall be clearly.6 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 21 .3.5 7.1. Cable Installed Above Ground (Onshore) Or Above Deck (Offshore) General All above ground/deck cable installations shall comply with BP Group RP 12-13. Cables shall be allocated to racks in the particular grouping arrangement detailed in the Contract Specification and.3.3.8 When ducts are allocated to specific circuits in the Job Specification or drawings these positions shall be strictly adhered to.1. otherwise duct banks shall be filled from the bottom upwards and spare ways left unobstructed at the top of the bank. the instrumentation cables shall be installed on one side and power cables on the other. Section. using ferrules of the non-split cylindrical type.9 7. Ducts shall be sealed at both ends immediately after installation of the cable and spare ducts shall be sealed with soft wood plugs.3. precisely and indelibly identified at each terminal.1.2.

1. either through earthed support steelwork or by earthing cable connections to the main structure at each end of the tray or ladder run. Electrical continuity shall be maintained between sections of cable tray or ladder by the use of flanged fish plates.7 Where core numbers change. the Contractor shall obtain BP approval to his proposed material.9 All cables shall be identified at each gland termination by their allocated number as indicated on the cable schedules.g. a system of double identification coding shall be used at the point of connection.7.3.1.1 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 22 .13 7. and between the tray or ladder and the main structure. Where not specified.1. Similar tags shall be attached to the cables at either side of a transit unit or cable duct and at specified intervals over the entire length of cable.11 Cables shall be securely cleated or tied to trays or ladders at the spacing specified in BP Group RP 12-13 clause 4. table 4.1.10 * 7.3.12. Nylon 11 or 12 ties are preferred to the polypropylene type on the grounds of greater tensile strength.1.12 7.3. Support Steelwork and Fixings The Contractor shall provide all supports necessary for mounting cable trays and cable ladders. For all multicore cables.10. e.3.2. by the use of non-corodable identification tags. Where possible these shall be of pre-fabricated 7. Cables which leave main tray or ladder routes for connection to individual items of equipment shall be installed on tray. the cable core identification shall be made up three parts: numbering from the terminal block these are:(a) (b) (c) the terminal number the core number the cable number 7. The tags shall be fixed with EVA or PVC coated stainless steel ties. 7.3.1. Any proposals to increase the spacing distances shall be subject to BP approval. Where not specified the Contractor shall obtain BP agreement to the proposed tagging interval.4.3.4. Cable ties shall be selected from those listed in BP Group RP 12-13 Clause 4. channel or angle supports fitted between the main cable run and the equipment.3.2 * 7. at connections between equipment of different manufacture.1.3.3. other than power cables.8 * 7.

2.2.8 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 23 . pipelines or structures * 7.3. In particularly corrosive environments other support materials may be specified or considered but shall be subject to BP approval.construction supplied by the tray or ladder manufacturer.3.4 7.3. All sharp edges shall be de-burred.3. Any increase in designed deflection shall be agreed by BP. small power distributions boards etc. lighting fittings. These shall also be of proprietary manufacture where possible.6 * 7. When the fixing of electrical equipment. angle or tube. In addition the Contractor shall provide. otherwise fabricated from steel channel. Fixing should be by means of clamping brackets.2. when provided. control push button stations.7 Structural steel or pre-cast concrete members shall not be drilled for any reason unless specifically authorised on Contract Drawings or by BP Site Management. where necessary.3 * 7. Alternatively. and subject to the nature of the fireproofing.2.2.2. socket outlets.3.2.3. or alternatively obtain BP approval to his proposed mounting arrangements. vessels. prefabricated clamping brackets may be accepted subject to approval by BP. The cable tray or ladder installation and support system shall be such that the maximum deflection between supports with maximum cable loading does not normally exceed 1/180 of the span. All fixing bolts. shall be ISO metric threaded and of stainless steel. Consideration must be given to the likelihood of heat conduction through such fixings causing damage to the fireproofed member and appropriate safeguarding action taken in agreement with BP Site Management.5 * 7. all supports for such items as bus-ducting. nuts and washers.3. tray or trunking to fireproofed members cannot be avoided. any brackets required for such fixings shall be installed before the fireproofing material is applied. Normally all supports shall be made from steel in accordance with BS 4360 and shall be hot dipped galvanised to BS 729 or similar national standard. Under no circumstances shall welding or fixing operations be carried out on any process plant equipment. * 7. All drillings shall be made with minimum tolerances. Shake proof spring washers shall be fitted to all bolted connections. to avoid onsite fabrication. 7. etc. The Contractor shall provide such supports in accordance with Contract detail drawings.2 Site fabricated steel supports and brackets shall be properly fabricated and fitted.

3. preferably from cable manufacturers.3. The Contractor shall be required to provide written confirmation of this or otherwise satisfy BP Site Management.3.3. BASEEFA.6. 7. All jointing and termination of power cables shall be carried out by fully trained and competent tradesmen who have passed an approved course of instruction and training in such work for the operating voltage level involved. 7. have already been provided or.3.3. the joints shall be proved by resistance measurement to maintain the electrical ratings of the cable conductor.5 7. when agreed by BP. Fixings to the above shall normally be made where brackets.3.e. Cable glands shall have ISO metric threads and shall be fitted with weather proof shrouds of PVC or other plastics material suitable for the environment. 7.1 Cable jointing and Termination Jointing and termination of cables shall comply with BP Group RP 1213.8 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 24 .3.).3. with particular regard to the jointing or termination materials and procedure proposed.6 7.3. metal sheath (if applicable) and armouring. All cable joints and terminations shall be carried out strictly in accordance with the cable manufacturers’ recommendations. Jointing and termination of high voltage cables shall be carried out or supervised by specialists. 7.3.6.7 7. Prior to insulation of jointed conductors and earth continuity bonds.4 shall incorporate voltage stress relief cones at voltages above 5kV.3.3. SIRA or equivalent body in other countries) for use with the type of cable and type of explosion proof equipment.4 Cable glands for termination at equipment in hazardous areas shall have component approval by a recognised certifying authority (e. etc.3 7.3. pressure switches and solenoid valves etc.3.2 7. The terminations for high voltage cables referred to in BP Group RP 12-13 Clause 4.unless specifically indicated on the Contract Drawings or authorised by BP Site Management.3.g. Glands entering enclosures where a single diaphragm or seal separates the enclosure from a hydrocarbon process shall be barrier types (i. clause 4.3.3. by the use of purpose built clamps.

3. The spare cores of control and instrumentation cables shall be terminated at both ends.3.15 7. Brass earth tag washers may be used where serrated washers are not practical and a cable connection shall be made from the washer to the gland plate. Terminals in marshalling boxes shall be arranged so that 10% spare ways shall be furnished. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 25 .3. On off-shore installations all bulkhead and deck penetrations by cables shall be carried out using agreed proprietary multi-cable transits. If more than one conductor has to be terminated at the same point then several terminals shall be used and proprietary metal links used to interconnect the ways.7.9 Where cables are terminated by glands into GRP enclosures having threaded entries and internal earth continuity plates.3.3.3.1 7. to allow for reasonable future modifications or additions. The Contractor shall determine the quantity (including spares) and 7.3.3. Cable Transits On on-shore installations.4. cables which pass from a pressurised enclosure.3. Raised insulated barriers shall be inserted between groups of terminals intended for wiring on different voltages. shall be fitted with approved proprietary cable transits or gland plates.3. or through a fire wall leading directly from a safe area to a hazardous area. Serrated washers shall be deemed to be adequate to guarantee earth continuity when the glands are fitted to painted sheet steel enclosures.11 7. in spare terminal ways or at earth terminals.2 7.3.4 7.3. i. All terminal blocks shall preferably be of Melamine insulating material.3. and between individual phases of a three phase supply.10 7.3.3.3. The Contractor shall provide the number of transit frames and tiers for each penetration position by reference to the schedule of cable transits.3.3.13 7.12 7. or metallic enclosures having clearance holes.4.e.3.3. Individual cores of cables up to and including 10mm2 shall be terminated on screw clamp/pressure plate type equipment terminals. The link shall not occupy the same place as the conductor. one incoming and one outgoing conductor.16 7. No more than two conductors shall be connected to any one terminal. a heavy gauge locknut and serrated washer shall be used.3.4. This is to guarantee the earth continuity between the gland body/cable armour and the enclosure.14 7.

roofs and floors to the open * 7.4.4.6 Care shall be taken to continue the trefoil formation of single core a. Transits shall always be used where cables pass:(a) (b) (c) (d) 7. Mineral Insulated Copper Sheath (MICS) Cable 7.11 7.7 from a safe area to a hazardous area through blast walls through fire walls through walls.c. The labels shall preferably be fixed to adjacent racking and be easily readable from the deck below.5 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 26 . shall be ‘finger tight’ to allow any offshore installation to be made later and prevent the insert blocks premature loss of elasticity.3.4.3.3. after completing the onshore installation. A minimum of 25% spare ways shall be allowed in each penetration location.3. The clamping of the transit. Non-magnetic brass stayplates are required within the transits and each trefoil group shall pass through the same transit frame.4. Cables passing through transits must be perpendicular to the transit for a minimum distance of 100mm on each side of the transit.8 7. Spare ways in transit frames shall be filled with blank filling blocks. If the Contractor can show valid reasons for the use of bulkhead or deck penetrations other than those indicated on the drawings then he shall obtain prior approval from BP Site Management before installation.3. cables when passing through transits. The ways allocated for offshore cabling. with letters of at least 50mm height. 7. All transits shall be identified by weatherproof labels on either side of their penetration.4.5 7. shall also be indicated.4 Transits shall be located in the positions indicated on the drawings.3. to co-ordinate the positions of cables passing through and indicating the cable number.4. The Contractor shall be responsible for the cutting of all bulkhead and welding plates and the welding of all transit frames into position.12 7.9 7.4.provide and install the necessary transit insert blocks and frame accessories.4.3. insert block and spare block sizes. The Contractor shall prepare drawings for the transits.3.10 7.4.3. as determined from the drawings and cable schedule.3.

5. The Contractor may be required to furnish written confirmation in this respect or otherwise satisfy BP Site Management accordingly. The installation of MICS cable for trace heating application shall be carried out strictly in accordance with the cable makers instructions and the construction drawings. special consideration must be given if inductive load switching is involved.3 * 7. It’s use for a particular installation. work hardened or otherwise unworkable or damaged during installation shall be replaced by the Contractor.8 * 7.1 shall be adhered to insofar as it becomes equally applicable when routing and installing MICS cable. All circuits employing MICS cable except final sub-circuits of lighting installations shall be identified. Cable that has become uneven.3. 7.5 7.1. e.7 7.7.5.5.3.5.3. Single core MICS cables which are installed to form a three phase power circuit shall comply with requirements included under Clause 7.3.3.3.5. MICS cable with or without a protective sheath shall not be buried in the ground or installed in sand filled trenches.5.5.15. circuits is agreed by BP Site Management. power circuits or d. where no other type of cable is suitable. but written authority must be obtained from BP Site Management unless already covered in the Contract Documents.3. Relevant procedure included under Sub-Section 7.4 7.g.c.9 (b) GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 27 .c.3.1 MICS cable shall be installed and terminated by tradesmen who are trained and experienced in this class of work.3.2 7. or its use for a. may be permitted.5.6 7. to the possible need for surge diverters in the circuit. The use of aluminium sheathed and/or aluminium conductor mineral insulated cable is normally prohibited.5. Restrictions are applied in the use of MICS cable and limitations on it’s use in the special situations detailed below shall be strictly adhered to:(a) MIC Cable shall not be used between discharge type lighting fittings and associated control equipment unless approved by BP Site Management and an appropriate surge suppressor has been correctly positioned in the circuit. When MICS Cable is specified.

Cable.3.10 All cable.3.5.3.7. Straightening shall be carried out using a purpose made tool as supplied by the cable manufacturer for this purpose or by dressing the cables in situ with a hide or wooden mallet.5. * 7.5.17 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 28 . sleeving. 7. through joints shall comprise Jointing sleeves and the appropriate accessories supplied by the cable manufacturer specially for this purpose. Glands shall be of hexagon type and when applicable be certified for use in the hazardous area concerned. In hazardous areas through joints shall be effected by using adequately sized junction boxes. The minimum radius of bends and sets shall be in accordance with the Manufacturers recommendations but shall not be less than six times the overall diameter of the cable.3. unless installed in trunking shall be straight and then saddled. 7.13 Through joints shall not be used unless the route length exceeds the maximum manufactured cable length.11 Saddling shall be carried out using manufactured saddles obtained from the cable maker or purpose made saddles made up from the cable maker or purpose made saddles made up for PVC coated aluminium or copper strip. and then with the approval of BP Site Management. The mixing of components from different manufacturers is prohibited.15 7.5.3.5. After completion the joint shall be protected with a sleeve of similar material to the cable outer sheath. 7. Damaged cables may be repaired by through jointing only when a complete replacement is impractical. In safe areas.16 7. Care shall be exercised in performing this operation to ensure that damage is not inflicted on either the cable sheath or outer protective sheath. certified for the area of installation.5. tools and all other accessories used together must be fully compatible and supplied by the same manufacturer.3. Glands of the knurled type are not acceptable.12 Bending and setting of cable is to be carried out in a neat manner with bends of a consistent radius and of all dimensions to ensure that the copper sheath does not wrinkle on the inner radius of the bend.5. pot seals. glands.5.3.14 7.3. The use of nylon or similar non metallic strip shall be restricted to horizontal runs where the saddle simply serves the function of holding the cable in position and not supporting it. in the manner described below.

The correct cold sealing compound is to be used and the pot filled in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.21 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 29 .18 Terminations shall. cable end seals with earth bonding tails must be used. conductors are to be insulated with neoprene sleeving or where connections are made into high temperature enclosures e.5.20 7. or in the case of wedge type fittings. The pot is to be effectively screwed onto the cable sheath and its self cutting thread fully engaged.19 At terminations. or sleeving recommended by the cable manufacturer is to be used. whenever possible.g. and conductors of 10mm2 (0.3. e.5. be made using cold pot seals supplied by the cable manufacturer and care is to be taken in respect of the following procedures:(a) The pot is to be contained in the gland body and shall not protrude into the equipment.3.015 in2 ) and above shall be fitted with compression lugs or alternatively cone grip lugs where space permits.5. The conductors of cables shall be terminated in a manner suitable for the terminal arrangement of the equipment concerned.g. Terminating glands clamped to nonthreaded entries by the use of locknuts are unacceptable for the purpose of maintaining earth continuity. In all cases except where positive earth continuity can be correctly maintained. these shall be correctly fitted in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. tungsten fittings. etc. 7.5. via threaded entries of metallic enclosures.7. silicone rubber. The manufacturer’s recommendations for excluding moisture from the cable immediately prior to making an end seal termination shall be rigidly observed. The earth bonding tails must be properly terminated on earthed terminals provided for the purpose within the enclosures. (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) 7.3. The sealing compound is to be fully compressed and the closing disc correctly crimped into position. Copper swarf and surplus insulant is to be removed before sealing. Hot seals and those employing special sealing mediums shall be installed strictly in accordance with special procedure issued by the cable manufacturer.3.

1 also comply with the requirements of the current issue of the British Standard Code of Practice BS 5345 or the appropriate Code of the country concerned. E. heavy gauge. 7.1 Conduit Installations Conduit systems shall be designed and installed in compliance with appropriate regulations and codes of practice in force in the area of operation concerned.6.6. the installation shall. 15th Edition. The conduit shall be adequately sized to accommodate the total number of circuits involved without overcrowding and in no case shall conduit of less than 20mm bore be employed. An adequate number of draw-in boxes shall be installed to facilitate wiring without strain or damage to the cable.6.6. conduit systems shall be provided with drain points. Installations within the UK shall comply with the IEE Regulations for Electrical Installations.3.3. and other area’s where the formation of condensate may occur. in addition to requirements under clause 7. 7. Conduit for installations in hazardous areas shall be solid drawn. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 30 .6.3. Conduit shall not be installed directly in the ground or in sand filled trenches.3 7.g. For plant installations.6.7.3.3. UK practice shall be applied. 7. In countries which are not covered by national and/or local regulations. The use of welded seam conduit or flame retardant heavy gauge plastic conduit to BS 4607 Part 1 and BS 6099 Part 2 is acceptable for other areas.5 The conduit system shall be electrically and mechanically continuous throughout and rigidly secured before wiring is commenced. Particular care shall be exercised in this connection to ensure that no equipment containing live parts is connected so that it can act as a drain point for all or part of the system.6. Whenever possible conduit fittings shall be manufactured from malleable cast iron and for outdoor installations they shall be hot dipped galvanised and of weatherproof design. hot dipped galvanised screwed steel conduit shall be used.3. In all outdoor locations.6 7. and fitted with Stopper Boxes as required. The conduit shall be installed in a manner which provides an adequate fall to ensure that the system drains to the drain points.2 Where a conduit system is to be installed wholly or in part in an area which is classified as hazardous.3.4 7.6.3.

In hazardous areas they shall be certified for use in the relevant area. 7.12 7. etc. Locknuts shall be used at all entries and be fully tight.3. The bend radius shall be not less than that shown under the appropriate regulations referred to under 7.13 7.3..11 7.6.* 7.9 7.6. Where indicated on BP Standard Drawing No. The type. S-1962 the glands shall be insulated from earth. The leading edge and bore shall be made smooth. tungsten lighting fittings.3. Threads shall be checked for correct size using an appropriate gauge.8 7.3.2 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 31 . Bends and sets formed in conduit shall be made in the approved manner and without indentation or alteration of the conduit section. grade or class of cable for conduit installation shall comply with requirements shown in the Job Specification.4 7.g.6. The junction boxes shall be adequately sized and fitted with fixed connector blocks fully rated for the circuit requirement.6.3.1.10 7. shall be made with silicone rubber insulated cable or other high temperature cable as may be agreed for the application concerned.1.1 7.4.6.3. Conduit threads shell be cleanly cut to a finished length that leaves the minimum exposed length of thread when finally fitted. Cable glands shall be of the mechanical compression type Where used for terminating armoured and/or lead sheathed cables the gland shall include integral facilities for securing and bonding the armour and lead sheath. Cables and Wiring for Instrument Systems Cables and wiring for instrument systems shall comply with BP Group RP 30-1.6.6. Connections made into high temperature enclosures e. Wiring in conduit shall be looped from point to point and where joints are unavoidable they shall be made in junction boxes.4.3. All exposed bare metal shall be cleaned and protected against corrosion using materials that are compatible with the original protective coating.7 Flexible conduit will only be permitted when authorised by BP Site Management and then only when the use of flexible armoured cable is impractical. The use of running couplers in installations in Zone 1 areas is prohibited and conduit unions shall be used.

5.5 7. The cable drumming schedule shall be carefully prepared to minimise wastage of cables. by forward planning of requirements.g.5. Records shall be kept of all cable requests to BP. The Contractor shall closely liaise with BP Site Management to ensure that.2 7.3 7.6 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 32 . The Contractor shall also institute a recording system (e.5. Kardex) to record actual lengths of cable removed from the drum. size. the drum reference and the purpose for which each length is used. no delays are experienced in cable installation due to material shortage. This schedule shall be handed to BP Site Management at the end of the contract.5.5.7.4 7.1 Cable Records The Contractor shall prepare a cable drumming schedule which shall be kept up to date during the contract period. The Contractor shall maintain an up-to-date record of all cables installed by marking up a copy of the computer cable schedule to indicate where variations in length. 7.5 7.5. number of conductors and destinations occur.

7 8. use only the special tools and equipment supplied by the Vendors and shall ensure that such tools are available in good condition for later use by others.1.2 8. the Contractor shall ensure that all decking and supporting steelwork is completely installed.1.5 8.1.3 8. The manufacturer’s representative shall supervise and check the tightness of bolted connections within the equipment and ensure the tightness of all bus-bar connections.1. also with BP Group GSs 112-8 and 112-9. 8. alignment and levelling.8. and particularly during all stages of positioning. INSTALLATION OF ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT 8. and is in accordance with the drawings. Switchgear In this Specification. to maintain switchboard rigidity and alignment. All switchgear supplied by the Contractor shall comply with BP Group RPs 12-6 and 12-7 for high voltage and low voltage switchgear respectively.1. The Contractor shall.6 8.1. the term switchgear includes high voltage and low voltage switchgear.1.8. Particular care shall be taken when using jacks or lifting gear so as to avoid distorting or damaging equipment and only the vendor provided jacking and lifting parts shall be used. motor control centres. if required. relay panels. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 33 . The switchgear and motor control centre sections shall be tightly and rigidly bolted together. On offshore platforms mild steel plinths welded to the deck shall be provided. All panel sections shall be mounted in the correct sequence as shown on vendor’s and contract drawings and all circuit designation labels shall be checked for correct identification.1 8. Before any switchgear is installed. where applicable. including correct alignment and connections of inter-connecting bus-bar sections between motor control centres and switchgear.4 8.1. It is recommended that the vendor’s representative should be present during installation.1. The Contractor shall be responsible for familiarising himself with the vendor’s information regarding installation and testing requirements. electrical control panels and main fused distribution boards but not small power and lighting sub-distribution boards.

for connecting transformers to switchgear.17 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 34 . support steelwork and if applicable offshore deck or bulkhead penetrations. floor screed below the switchboard and any truck run-out area shall be level within + or . Bus ducting will be any one of the following types.15 8.1.16 8.3mm over the whole area. etc. the Contractor shall install it in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations. The stored packing can be use for repacking on shipment offshore.9 Switchboard sole plates. Control Stations.11 8.12 8. and strictly to the contract drawings with regard to route locations. Final locations shall suit site conditions and be subject to approval of BP. all of which will be supplied in bits for site assembly:(a) (b) (c) air insulated copper bar assemblies sleeved copper bar assemblies encapsulated copper bar assemblies 8. All distribution boards shall be provided with an interior sub circuit identification schedule to indicate the equipment served.8. Junction Boxes. Withdrawable portions of the switchgear and motor control centres shall be checked for correct mating with the stationary portions and correct function of locking devices before the switchboard is commissioned.g. All packing material and constraints shall be removed carefully and stored and the complete equipment thoroughly cleaned. The Contractor shall be responsible for locating all minor equipment not otherwise located on the drawings e.1. e.1. The floor area in front of all withdrawable equipment shall be within the manufacturer’s recommended level tolerances to enable easy withdrawal and replacement.g.1.1. or other mounting steelwork shall be installed within the tolerances specified by the manufacturers.13 * 8.1. If installed on a concrete surface the mounting steelwork shall be installed electrically clear of floor reinforcing metal work.1.1. Where bus-ducting is issued.14 8.1. The schedule shall be completed by the Contractor prior to tow out. Local Control Stations shall always be mounted adjacent to their respective equipment. steel struts.10 8.

1.19 8.2 8.1.18 The Contractor shall be totally responsible for the installation of air insulated and sleeved copper bar types of bus ducting. They should also comply with BP Group GSs 112-3 and 112-4 for high voltage motors and low voltage motors respectively. Motors All electric motors supplied by the Contractor shall comply with BP Group RP 12-11. or else fully protected against damage.All bus ducting systems should be supplied complete with butt right angled.1. Where bus ducting passes through A60 deck or bulkhead.1. After tow-out the Contractor shall:(a) (b) (d) install all interface connections tighten all bolted connections insulate. 8. The Contractor shall be responsible for the installation of encapsulated type bus ducting but under the supervision of the manufacturer’s representative. as applicable. all interconnections For encapsulated type bus ducting. as shown on the drawings and fire resistant protection applied to the bus ducting above and below the penetration in accordance with the manufacturer’s detailed recommendations. free from any distortion along its length and does not impose any strain on connected terminals or equipment. to the satisfaction of BP. 8.2. the manufacturer should also supply all support assemblies. unless otherwise agreed by BP. interconnections shall be loosened prior to tow-out. the manufacturer’s representative shall supervise these activities. tee and flexible inter-connecting kits and connection insulation kits as applicable. certified seals shall be used. For encapsulated type bus ducting to be installed on offshore platforms the contractor shall interconnect (but NOT encapsulate interconnections) bus ducting onshore and shall ensure that the completed bus duct run is in proper alignment. For encapsulated bus ducting. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 35 . all bus duct 8.20 All bus-duct sections passing through deck or bulkhead penetrations and which require to be interconnected offshore shall be removed prior to tow-out. After pre-commissioning tasks are completed.

checks being made with the shafts rotated to different positions.2.6 8. these are to be positioned.11 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 36 .2.8. Coupling faces shall be truly parallel and level. the bearings shall be thoroughly washed. If no lifting points are provided. mounting surfaces) or prior to commissioning (e. pressure switches. The bedding shall be checked by the BP Representative. the bearing grease shall be inspected and if deterioration has taken place.2. either immediately prior to installation (e. great care must be taken to prevent damage during lifting operations and the Contractor shall ensure that the equipment is lifted in the horizontal or upright position. are fully operative prior to commissioning.2. Machinery shall be slung or lifted from the prescribed lifting positions or eyebolts fitted to the equipment. Where oil lubricating systems are employed. Shims shall be of similar size to the machined surfaces of the equipment footings. flow switches.9 8.2 Motors supplied on ‘packaged’ equipment will have been installed on the package and the package itself shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations. are equally applicable to motors on packaged equipment. Shims supplied with the equipment shall be used wherever possible for levelling that equipment. Where separate bearing pedestals are supplied.g.4 8. Protective films on machined surfaces shall be cleaned off with the recommended solvents. the Contractor shall enquire that bearing oil rings.2. etc.8 8. If machines with grease lubricated bearings have been stored for a long period.2. 8.10 8. Motor shafts). Coupling bolts or flexible connections shall be properly fitted without damage and all nuts must be tightened and locked before the equipment is run. but where relevant. pumps. levelled and lined up prior to the installation of other equipment.2. Baseplates shall be erected as part of the driven equipment and checked for level and location prior to the erection of machinery. White metal bearings shall be checked to ensure adequate bedding using engineer’s blue or some other approved method of indication.2.3 8. The following requirements are intended primarily for motors on non-packaged equipment. The maximum thickness of shim shall always be used to that the minimum number of shims are positioned under any one footing.7 8.2.2.g.5 8. dried and regreased using approved methods recommended by the manufacturer.

12 Before connecting the supply to any motor. 8.2.3. Transformers and Reactors Transformers and reactors supplied by the Contractor shall comply with BP Group RP 12-9 and BP Group GS 112-5.14 8. The requirement of correct rotation is particularly important on high voltage motors and low voltage motors rated 75 KW and above because of the difficulties involved in manipulating large cable cores at a later date. before the tank base is finally bolted or welded down.3. Only the designated jacking and lifting points shall be used when the transformers are being put into position. Care shall be exercised when insulation testing motors fitted with thermistor or thermocouple over-temperature protection. and re-tested to ensure that resistances are satisfactory.2 8. Where there are separate lifting facilities for tank tops. before putting into service. the Contractor shall ensure that the motor insulation resistance is not below the minimum value permitted by applicable standards or the manufacturers data.15 8.2.2.1 8.16 8. The Contractor shall ensure that all transformers and reactors are installed in the location shown on the drawings and in accordance with the manufacturers drawings and recommendations.2.3 8.13 8. particularly in conditions subject to vibration. These devices are essentially low voltage or signal devices and if subjected to higher voltage they will be irreparably damaged. Motors with insulation resistance lower than the permitted minimum value shall first be dried out in accordance with the manufacturers instructions.3 8.4 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 37 .2. cores and coils. If motors with ball or roller bearings are left standing. these shall be removed or rendered unuseable during transport and erection. checks shall be made to ensure that the bus ducting connection can be made without imposing any stress on the bus-ducting copperwork or transformer terminal bushings. The phase sequences for the connection of motors shall be confirmed on site and it shall be ensured that at least two cable core connections at the motor terminal box can be interchanged without having to make off the cable again.3. When bus-ducting is used for connections to transformers and reactor terminals.3.8. they shall be turned over at regular intervals to avoid brinelling of the bearings.

hazard warning lights. Where applicable.. 8. Where applicable. etc. When battery filling or handling is undertaken. A quantity of neutralising solution shall be readily available when batteries are handled or commissioned. Where applicable. On completion of the installation of all fittings and cables. an insulation test of all windings and connections shall be made.6 8. which will vary with the type of battery and its delivered state of charge.1 Shall comply with BP Group RP 12-5 and BP Group GSs 112-10 and 112-11. etc.3.4. emergency motor drives.4. instrumentation dc supplies of control systems secure static ac supplies for control systems dc supplies for other duties such as emergency lighting. providing a source of:(a) (b) (c) (d) dc supplies for switchgear closing and tripping.8 8.3.4 8.5 When correctly located and inspected.4. an insulation test shall be carried out and recorded between each phase and earth and. 8. Batteries. between HV and LV windings. the fluid level in transformers and colour of any breathing desiccants shall be checked and rectified where necessary.3 8.3.4. heat and acid or alcali burns associated with battery electrolyte.3. any transformer tap changer must be securely padlocked in its required position. battery chargers and invertors.3. 8. Batteries and charges shall not be left unattended whilst initial boost charging is being carried out.4 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 38 . Protective clothing shall be provided for the installation personnel by the Contractor and the area must be well ventilated. every precaution shall be taken against the possible dangers of toxic fumes.2 Installation and preparation of batteries for commissioning shall be carried out in accordance with manufacturer’s shall be carried out in accordance with manufacturer’s recommendations.9 8.8. Battery Chargers and Inverters Batteries.7 8. transformer oil or other liquid insulant shall be checked/tested in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations.

5. The Contractors responsibility shall include. Earthing and bonding systems for electronic instrumentations.6.8.4 and BP Standard Drawing No.1 8. cranes. The Contractor shall be responsible for the installation of the equipment and system in accordance with the design specification and drawings.2 8. BP Group RP 30-8 Sect.3 8.5 8.6.6. etc.6 8. Where there is any conflict between these requirements and those in Clause 8. by radio frequency induction from radio transmitting aerials and radar equipment Earthing and bonding of instrumentation equipment and cabling 8.2 8.1 the Contractor shall consult BP for a decision. but not be limited to:(a) (b) Earthing and bonding of power system neutral earthing Earthing and bonding of non-current carrying parts of electrical apparatus Earthing and bonding of process tanks and structures for lightning protection Earthing and bonding of process tanks. data collecting and data processing systems shall comply with BP Group RP 30-1. Earthing and Bonding The Contractor shall be responsible for installing earthing and bonding systems in accordance with BP Group RP 12-16. pipework and structures to disperse static charging Earthing and bonding to disperse any charging of structures.3 8.5. S-1962.5.1 Electrical Surface Heating Electrical surface heating (ESH) equipment and systems shall comply with BP Group RP 12-15.6. and the above Code of Practice. The design of the ESH system will have been carried out by others.6.4 (c) (d) (e) (f) GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 39 . The earthing and bonding systems on offshore platforms shall also comply with the IEE Regulations for the Electrical and Electronic Equipment of Mobile and Fixed Offshore Installations Section 2.

7.7.7 8.1 8. Whenever possible. All emergency hand lamps.7. Section 15. Where indicated on BP Standard Drawing No. Small Power and Lighting Systems Lighting and lighting installations shall comply with BP Group RP 1214.7. the Contractor shall. wherever possible. Final position and angles of floodlights shall be determined during construction. cable glands for instrumentation circuits shall be insulated from earth.7 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 40 . Control gear boxes shall be mounted adjacent to the fittings in a position easily accessible for maintenance and repair. all light fittings shall be positioned to provide safe access for lamp changing. be mounted 450mm above floor level. by agreement with BP. Where necessary.6. and site adjustments may be necessary to clear local obstruction. socket outlets and junction boxes shall be mounted at a suitable height from floor or platform to facilitate ready access for use during maintenance. Due account shall be taken of certification of fittings when determining final mounting positions.8. Also see section 6 regarding hazardous areas. All floodlights shall be mounted on stirrups.2 8. All elevations shown on drawings are in metres and are related to immediate floor or platform datum as defined on the contract drawings. Elevations are to the underside of the fittings.5 mm2 PVC 8.5 8. relocate luminaires and socket outlets to avoid interference with other work or equipment.3 * 8. All alterations shall be referred to BP for approval. S-1962. Where applicable they shall also comply with the IEE recommendations for the Electrical and Electronic Equipment of Mobile and Fixed Offshore Installations.6 8. Socket outlets shall.6. Light fitting heights shown on drawings may be nominal. However.7.6 8. For lighting circuits. all cabling shall be 2 core 2.7.7.4 8. The cable for connections to floodlights shall be of adequate length to permit the floodlight to be swivelled on its mounting through 360°.5 Protective screening around insulated conductors on cables emanating from a master station to outstations or field mounted instruments shall be earthed at the master station only and shall be insulated from the outstations or field mounted measuring devices.5 mm2 PVC/SWA PVC except where contract drawings specifically states 2. lighting luminaires and socket outlets shall be installed in locations shown on the contract drawings.

so that the remainder of the lighting circuit can be re-energised.7.5 mm2 cable in specified areas or for specified services.12 8.non-armoured cable or MICC 1. e. providing all necessary checks on cables and equipment have been made to the satisfaction of the Company prior to energisation. Illumination levels shall be in accordance with the Chartered Institute of Building Services Engineers (CIBSE) Code for Interior Lighting 1984. Veiling reflections.13 8. Each lighting sub-circuit shall be protected by a 15A MCB or 15A fuse at the distribution board. Care shall be taken to ensure the correct polarities when wiring switches.7. The Contractor shall ensure that the continuity of the cable armour is maintained.14 Each lighting and small power distribution board shall be provided with an interior sub circuit identification and loading schedule which the Contractor shall complete prior to module tow out.7.11 8.8 In non-hazardous areas lighting circuits shall be of the loop-in type with the lighting cable looping from one fitting to the next. applicable to offshore platforms. taking into consideration all such limiting factors as Glare indices.7.7. Radio room Desk + Front Panel 500 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 41 .15 -Control room. 8.10 8.9 8. In hazardous areas lighting circuits shall not be of the loop-in type.7. 8. The maximum steady load (including control gear losses) on any lighting final sub-circuit shall not exceed 0. The Contractor shall however check that no area is totally without illumination upon supply failure of any one subcircuit.7. Typical illumination levels. The number of fittings connected to any one final sub circuit shall be shown on the drawings. by the insertion of a stopping plug in an EExe certified junction box. etc. socket outlets and lamp holders.55 times the sub-circuit protective MCB rating or fuse rating. are as follows:Locations Illumination Level (LUX) Working Plane (m) On Working Plane 8.7. The luminaries may be utilised on a temporary single phase power supply during the construction period.g. The installation shall be such that a complete lighting fitting can be removed and the integrity of the type of protection be maintained.

under night-time conditions:(a) take readings of illumination levels throughout the plant or platform with the normal lighting system energised.Workbench -Utility & Process areas -Walkways & Corridors -Exterior stairs and ladders -Laboratory -Offices -Stores -Kitchen .17 All areas shall have access to service with the use of a 15 metres cord for general purpose socket outlets and 30 metres cord for welding GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 42 . an illumination level of 50 lux at the sea surface shall be achieved using floodlighting. and Inverters room -Workshops .75 Floor Floor Floor On offshore platforms sea perimeter lighting.16 Following installation of the lighting systems. the Contractor shall. Chargers.Serving Counter -Laundry -Cabins .9 Floor Floor Tread 0. (b) (c) 8.Reading . 8.Bathrooms -Dining Rooms -Rest room 150 200 150 100 300 500 150 50 100 500 500 150 200 500 300 50 200 100 200 150 Floor Floor Floor Floor Floor 0.75 Floor Floor 0.9 0.General .9 0.General . Any areas not meeting design requirements shall be reported to BP.Back Panel -Generator rooms -Switchgear rooms -Battery room. adjust orientation of floodlight fittings for maximum efficient use.7.General .9 Floor 0.7. energise only the emergency lighting system to prove adequacy.

towers and rotating machinery. Emergency and. 8. Generator Packages Generators and generator packages shall comply with BP Group GS 112-6.4 8. barring of rotors and all aspects of treatment during storage.1 8. Skilled supervision for the installation of generators and their ancillary equipments shall be provided by the manufacturer at the discretion of BP. trace heating or anticondensation heater distribution board.socket outlets.8.7.8.8 8.8. and all equipment associated with these ‘packages’. where specified. The Contractor shall install all Main.8.2 8. installation and pre-commissioning periods shall be carried out in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions and recommendations.3 8. The quantity and location of socket outlets shall generally be as shown on the drawings. Socket outlets shall also be located adjacent to equipment requiring periodic inspection and maintenance. such as manway openings of vessels. in the locations shown on the drawings and in accordance with the manufacturers instructions. 8.5 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 43 . The Contractor shall install and terminate all interconnecting cables in accordance with the equipment suppliers drawings and contract drawings.8. The energisation of anti-condensation heaters.18 Anti-condensation heaters in all equipment (including instruments) shall be electrically fed from the nearest small power. Standby Generators with their gas turbine or diesel engine drivers.

The Contractor shall be responsible for the provision of all necessary instruments. No test should be undertaken until it has been confirmed that the equipment to be tested is properly isolated and has been effectively discharged.1. All instruments used for commissioning shall be of an approved type and they shall have been calibrated against certified standards at regular and proper intervals.2 9. Their accuracy must be fully substantiated at the time of use. circuits and systems in accordance with the following requirements of this section of the guidelines. Similar precautions should be taken in all other instances where danger could arise. INSTALLATION.1. National Codes and Standards. Plant and Project Specifications. inspection and testing of all electrically related equipment. 9. TESTING AND COMMISSION 9. BP Group RPSEs.g. Equipment Specifications and Data Sheets. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 44 . connections and other equipment including electrical supplies. motor running tests. Installation The installation of electrical equipment and circuits will be checked for compliance with good engineering practice and the contractual requirements as detailed in:9. inspection and testing procedures.1 General The BP Site Electrical Engineer will be responsible for overseeing the Contractors work associated with the installation. The BP site Electrical Engineer will be responsible for agreeing the contractors installation. or carried out at Site.2 Safety Precautions Under no circumstances may any test be carried out in such a manner as to cause danger and all due safety precautions must be taken. INSPECTION. Areas where HV testing is to take place should be roped off prior to and during testing and cautionary notices should be displayed at all points of access.9.1. also the requisite personnel whether the tests are undertaken at the works of the Contractors. or of the Sub-Contractor.3 9. e.1 9.3 The latest revision of AFC Drawings and Schedules.

4 * 9.All equipment should be effectively discharged at the completion of testing. Any remedial work carried out at site by either the fabricator or vendor to correct transit damage or faulty workmanship not previously detected will be supervised by the site Electrical Engineer.6 9. circuit or parts thereof is complete and is of such a standard that pre-acceptance inspection and testing can commence.5.5 9.4. generally to BP Group RP 32-2 and Appendix C of this Specification.4.2 9. Pre-Commissioning of Electrical Systems Pre-commissioning inspection and tests shall be carried out by the Contractor on all electrical equipment under the supervision of. Pre-acceptance Inspection and Testing Prior to energising.2 9.1 Inspection and Testing The complete Works shall be subject to inspection and test for compliance with this specification. Inspection and testing of specialised equipment not included in the categories of Appendix C shall be carried out in accordance with procedures specified or agreed by BP. 9. All data sheets of inspection and testing shall be signed and approved by BP. The results of all inspection and testing shall be recorded on data sheets as in Appendix C or an agreed variation. in the case of large cables and motors. The Contractor must provide adequate notice of his intention to commence these activities so that BP has time to allocate an inspector. the earth bond should be left on for 15 minutes or more.1 9.5.1 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 45 . and to the satisfaction of.5. BP.5. When a Contractor considers that the construction of an electrical system. he shall advise BP accordingly.3 9.g.5.. Electrical equipment and the electrical content of mechanical equipment packages will be inspected on receipt at site.4 9. The inspection and testing shall be carried out generally in accordance with Appendix C of this Specification.5.6. Unless a specific waiver is given by BP all inspection and tests which are to be recorded in the system test dossier shall be witnessed by a representative of BP. 9. where necessary e. 9. 4 hr motor runs will be carried out by the Contractor.

The Contractor should maintain close liaison with BP so that inspection and testing may be carried out as work proceeds in order to avoid the need for disconnection of cables for testing purposes after the installation has been completed.2 Following the satisfactory completion of the inspection and testing of a system or circuit the Contractor shall complete the appropriate test certificate(s) and submit it to BP prior to. BP may agree in writing to the Contractor assuming responsibility for the energisation from BP suppliers of the systems or circuits concerned. The energisation and commissioning of the system or circuit will be carried out by. and will be the responsibility of BP but the Contractor shall provide such assistance in these activities as is deemed necessary by BP.7.3 * 9. control circuits. In certain instances.7. Following submission of the formal notification that work is complete. Such agreement will not be given until the Contractor has satisfied BP as to the adequacy of the precautions he intends to take to ensure the safety of the system and those working upon it.7.5 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 46 . the Contractor will arrange for an attend upon BP during the commissioning of the completed works as agreed.2 9. etc. Wherever possible final inspection and testing should be carried out immediately prior to acceptance by BP for energisation. special drives and systems.7 9. his formal notification that work on the system or circuit is complete. Prior to initial energising a work permit shall be obtained. arrangements will be made by BP to energise the system or circuit at a mutually convenient time. or together with. motors.4 * 9. area lighting boards. Under no circumstances may a circuit be energised or commissioned prior to its being inspected and tested and the relevant section of the system test dossier completed and approved. No work whatsoever shall be carried out on the system or circuit by the Contractor subsequent to this submission unless full details of such work are agreed in writing by BP. * 9. In such cases the Contractors shall implement 9. e. has been proved satisfactory and agreed to be such by BP. Under no circumstances may any test be carried out on existing cables or equipment without the agreement and in the presence of a representative of BP..7. Where this is not possible the Company may call for re-inspection and testing.6. 9.g.1 Energisation and Commissioning When the electrical works or any section thereof.7.

7. 9. etc.g. etc..7 * 9. Permits to Work..6 If the results of the test and checks carried out after energisation are not satisfactory the system or circuit will be de-energised. In the event of electrical work being left in a de-energised or inoperable stage for any length of time prior to final acceptance. tests.7. and/or. The above shall apply until such time as the Contractor is relieved from responsibility by the issue and acceptance of a ‘handover certificate’ which may include provisos concerning minor items that remain to be completed.8 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 47 .an acceptable safe system of working. operations.7. If the results of the energisation tests are satisfactory the system or circuit will be accepted by BP subject to any minor modifications specified by BP. Access to live metalwork or the energisation of sub circuits must thereafter have the express approval of BP by means of a permit to work system (see Appendix D). to ensure that it is still in a satisfactory condition for re-energising and putting into operation. e. 9. the Contractor shall arrange for. This. carry out any inspections. and submit to BP for approval. Thereafter the circuit or system will become the responsibility of BP and no further work may be carried out on it without the prior approval of BP. as may be required by BP. locked off and handed back to the Contractor for correction. in some instances may be covered by a Punchlist detailing the remedial work required.

energisation and the final tests and checks subsequent to energisation to ensure that each circuit and piece of equipment satisfactorily performs it’s required function. Manufacturer: the manufacturer of equipment/materials to which this Specification applies.APPENDIX A DEFINITIONS AND ABBREVIATIONS Definitions Standardised definitions may be found in the BP Group RPSEs Introductory Volume. Inspection: Testing: Commissioning: Abbreviations AFC BASEEFA BS CIBSE EN ESH EVA GRP HV IEC IEE IP ISO LV MCB PVC SIRA SWA Approved for Construction British Approvals Service for Electrical Equipment Flammable Atmospheres British Standard Chartered Institute of Building Services Engineers European Standard Ethylene Vinyl Acetate Glass Reinforced Plastic High Voltage International Electrotechnical Commission The Institution of Electrical Engineers Institute of Petroleum International organisation for Standardisation Low voltage Miniature Circuit Breaker Polyvinyl Chloride in GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 48 . a visual inspection of the equipment and the installed circuits and systems. circuits and systems have been installed correctly and are safe to energise. routine tests normally carried out prior to energisation to ensure that the equipment.

E.) Recommendations for the Electrical and Electronic Equipment of Mobile and Fixed Offshore Installations. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 49 . Rotating Electrical Machines with Type of Protection ‘N’. Section 2. ISO 9001 Quality Systems . Sections 6 and 15. The Institution of Electrical Engineers (I.) Wiring Regulations for Electrical Installations.) Regulations for the Electrical and Electronic Equipment of Mobile and Fixed Offshore Installations.E. Specification for Luminaires with Types of Protection ‘N’. Specification for Hot Dip Galvanized Coatings on Iron and Steel Articles. Conduits for Electrical Installations.51 BS 4607: Part 1 BS 5000: Part 16 BS 5345 BS 6099 BS CP 1017 The Institution of Electrical Engineers (I.APPENDIX B LIST OF REFERENCED DOCUMENTS A reference invokes the latest published issue or amendment unless stated otherwise. Part 2: Particular specifications. Reference standards may be replaced by equivalent standards that are internationally or otherwise recognised provided that it can be shown to the satisfaction of the purchaser’s professional engineer that they meet or exceed the requirements of the referenced standards.E. 15th Edition. Code of Practice for Selection. The Institution of Electrical Engineers (I. Specification for Weldable Structural Steels. Chartered Institute of Building Services Engineers (CIBSE) Code for Interior Lighting 1984 Health and Safety Executive (HSE) Guidance Note G524. Production. Installation and Maintenance of Electrical Apparatus for Use in Potentially Explosive Atmospheres.E.E. Distribution of Electricity on Construction and Building Sites BS 729 BS 4360 BS 4533 Section 102.Model for Quality Assurance in Design/Development.E. Installation and Servicing. Specification for Fittings and Components of Insulating Material.

High Voltage Switchgear Electrical Systems and Installations .BP Group RPSEs GS 112-4 GS 112-3 GS 112-5 GS 112-6 GS 112-9 GS 112-8 GS 112-12 GS 112-10 GS 112-12 RP 12-1 RP 12-5 RP 12-6 RP 12-7 RP 12-9 RP 12-11 RP 12-13 RP 12-14 RP 12-15 RP 12-16 RP 12-17 RP 12-19 RP 24-1 RP 24-2 RP 30-1 RP 30-8 RP 32-2 BP Standard Drawing:S-1962 High Voltage Induction Motors Low Voltage Induction Motors Transformers and Reactors.Construction Site Power Supplies Fire Protection . Power Supplies for Control Systems Requirements for Flame Retardant and Fire Resistant Cables Electrical Systems and Installations .Supplies to Equipment via Socket Outlets Electrical Systems and Installations .C. Electrical Requirements for A.Low Voltage Switchgear Electrical Systems and Installations .C. Power Supplies Secure Static A. Cable Systems and Wiring Electrical Systems and Installations .Cables. Generators and Generation Packages High Voltage Switchgear and Control Gear Low Voltage Switchgear and Control Gear.Electric Surface Heating Electrical Systems and Installations .Design and Practice Instrumentation and Control .General Electrical Systems and Installations .Offshore Instrumentation and Control .Lighting and Lighting Installations Electrical Systems and Installations . Testing and Pre-Commissioning of New Plant Typical Earthing Diagram for Instrumentation Onshore GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 50 .Motors Electrical Systems and Installations .Earthing and Bonding Electrical Systems and Installations .Power Supplies for Control Systems Electrical Systems and Installations .Electromagnetic Compatibility for Instrumentation and Control Systems Site Inspection.Onshore Fire Protection .Transformers and Reactors Electrical Systems and Installations .C. D.

1.1 This section details the site inspection and testing procedures for the Electrical Discipline and includes standard forms which are to be used to accurately record the results of the inspection and tests and provide written evidence that all electrical equipment and systems comply with design parameters and function correctly. are developed in order to give complete coverage and confirm that electrical systems in all respects are fit for energisation and service.2 C. invertors and public address systems. additional to those included in this document. the supplier will be required to carry out final inspection and functional testing at site after installation.1 INTRODUCTION C.4 * C.g. synchronising and complex control circuits. e. The procedures cover the inspection of electrical equipment prior to installation and the inspection and testing of installed equipment. alternators.1. reactors.APPENDIX C INSPECTION AND TEST PROCEDURE C. balanced current protection. It is the responsibility of the BP site Electrical Engineer to agree all electrical inspections and tests and ensure that any further procedures.1. they may not necessarily cover all electrical equipment and systems included in the design.3 C. C. resistors. circuits and systems before and after energisation and commissioning. Where special electrical equipment and systems are provided. It is also the responsibility of the BP Site Electrical Engineer to ensure that prior to construction a comprehensive component/equipment list and cable schedule is available against which all the required test certificates will be listed to give a concise cross reference for the completion of system testing.1. Although the inspection and test procedures in this section are comprehensive.5 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 51 .1. Such inspection and tests are to be recorded on test certificates prepared by the supplier and agreed by BP prior to use. emergency generators.

1 C. 4 . 2.18 C. 2. 2. 2. 45 .Junction Boxes Procedure No. 2.Motors Procedure No.17 C.Batteries and Battery Chargers Procedure No.2 INSPECTION AND TEST PROCEDURES C.11 C.12 C. 17 .6 C.Power Transformers Procedure No.16 C. 2. 1 . 3 . 2.Ininterruptable Power Supplies Procedure No 10 .8 C.4 C. 2. 18 .15 C.5 C.Current Transformer Magnetising Curves Procedure No.Neutral Earthing Resistors Procedure No. 13 .8 . 2. 2 .Lighting and Small Power Distribution Procedure No.Drying of Electrical Rotary Machinery Procedure No.Apparatus for use in Hazardous Areas Procedure No.C. 2.Contactor Breakers Procedure No. 2. 7 .13 C.14 C.Testing of Protection and Meter Circuitry GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 52 . 14 . 6 . 2. 2. 2. 2. 16 .9 C. 5 .19 Procedure No. 12 .Oil Insulation Tests Procedure no. 2.2 C. 2.3 C. 9 .Power and Control Cables Procedure No. 2.Trace Heating Tapes and Circuits Procedure No. 11 .Earthing Procedure No.10 C.Fuse Switches Procedure No.Circuit Breakers Procedure No.Switchboards and Busbars Procedure No.7 C. 2. 19 .

For HV cable.Power and Control Cables The following inspection and test procedures are applicable to all cable sizes and types C. Ensure that the correct type of gland has been used for the size and type of cable installed. Before making any measurement. the inspector should ensure that both ends of the cable have been disconnected and are clear of any metal. where specified. Ensure that the gland certificates meet the area classification requirements. For MICC cable. ensure that the correct size and type of crimping lug has been used.1 Inspection (Post Installation) (a) Compare the cable size. insulating gland adaptors have been installed. Where conductors have been terminated using crimped connections. Ensure that the core identification agrees with the connection diagrams and phase sequence.1. e. Ensure that the gland plates for all single-core cables have been manufactured from non-magnetic materials. type and numbering with the cable schedule paying particular attention to any special requirements. (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) (i) GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 53 . 2. toxicity.g.2.1 Procedure no. the additional inspection as listed below should be carried out:(i) Check that the glanding is in accordance with the manufacturers’ instructions and that earth trails have been terminated at a suitable earthing terminal. ensure that the cables have been glanded in accordance with the cable manufacturers’ instructions and in particular check that any stress relief measures have been incorporated. 1 . Inspect the cable glands for tightness and good workmanship. Inspect the earth connections. and that.C.

insulation resistance should be measured core to core. Where necessary measure the conductivity of the earth conductor. core to earth and screen to armour Record only the lowest figure obtained. For LV and MV multicore cables. supports.(ii) Check that surge suppression voltage dependent resistors are correctly fitted where specified and that the correct type has been fitted. is to be completed. measure and record any leakage current. Record test voltage and duration of test. Cable Voltage (Working Range) Test Voltage Minimum Insulation (Between conductor Resistance Meg-Ohms and to earth) 00/1000V 1900/3300V 3800/6600V 6350/11000 8700/15000 12700/22000 19000/33000 1000V 1000V 1000V 5000V 5000V 5000V 5000V 10 200 200 200 200 200 200 (b) Apply a DC Test voltage (pressure test) between the conductors of each high voltage cable and the copper tape screen of each conductor.2 Testing Before any cables are tested. The table below gives the test voltages and minimum acceptable values of insulation resistance. (a) Measure the insulation resistance of the cable and record on the relevant test certificate. (j) Ensure the appropriate requirements of Procedures 15 and 19 are carried out if applicable. all cleating. C. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 54 .2. backfilling of trenches etc.1. also between conductors.

GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 55 . as detailed in (a) above.3 Test Certificates Forms E-1 and E-2 are to be used to record the results of the testing and require endorsement to confirm that all the requirements of this procedure.Each cable shall be discharged after the above tests and the conductors earthed until the cable is put into service. C. have been carried out satisfactorily.1. and procedures 14 and 18 if appropriate.2. the insulation resistance between each conductor and its earthed copper screen shall be measured. BS 6346:1969 Table 20 and BS 6460:1969 Table 31). The test voltage and duration are as tubulated below:- CABLE GRADE DC TEST VOLTAGE CONDUCTOR TO SHEATH DURATION CONDUCTOR TO SHEATH 1900/3300 3800/6600 6350/11000 19000/33000 7000 15000 25000 - 10000 20000 34000 75000 15 Mins 15 Mins 15 Mins 15 Mins (Abstracted from BS 5467:1977 Table 17. (c) Immediately after the above test. The minimum acceptable value is as tabulated.

2. Ensure that all equipment installed in the switchboard is in good condition.2.2. Ensure that the equipment meets Specification including weather. (ii) (iii) (iv) (b) Post Installation (i) Inspect the switchboard assembly for alignment. measure the insulation resistance of the busbars and control wiring. dust and vermin-proofing. Inspect the busbar joints. Inspect the inside of the switchgear for cleanliness paying particular attention to the insulators.2. Where there are any busbar joints.2. Remove any temporary weatherproofing and silica gel drying agents from switchgear.2 C. Compare the switchgear equipment with the equipment schedule. a Ductor test must be carried out prior to fitting covers. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 56 .C. 2 .Switchboard and Busbars Inspection (a) Pre-Installation (i) Ensure the equipment certificates meet the area classification requirements. Ensure that all panel doors and gland plates are bonded to the switchboard structure. and fixing in general. level.2 Testing (a) Prior to securely fitting the busbar covers. tightness of foundation bolts.1 Procedure No. Inspect the switchboard earth bar and earth cable for electrical and mechanical continuity. paying particular attention to the rating and any circuit changes. (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi) C. Ensure the appropriate requirements of Procedure 14 are carried out if applicable.

The minimum acceptable resistance together with the relevant test voltage. and vendors instructions. KV Test Voltage V Min Insulation Resistance.6 3. is given in the table below:- (c) (d) Switchgear Voltage. Measure the earth path resistance at the earth bar to the general earth system. Ensure that all the Protection relays have been tested in accordance with the requirements of the appropriate test certificate.3 0. (ii) GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 57 . Measure the insulation resistance of the busbars and control wiring. All voltage transformers shall be disconnected by removal of primary and secondary fuses for duration of the test. This test should be carried out prior to the pressure test and before energising the switchboard.(b) Test the switchboard earth system for electrical and mechanical continuity.6 0. Megohms 33 22 11 6. The following conditions must be adhered to for the tests:(i) All current transformers secondaries will be short circuited for the test.44 Control Wiring 5000 5000 5000 1000 1000 1000 1000 500 200 200 200 200 100 100 100 10 (These test levels are in accordance with BS 5405 and its predecessor BS CP 1008). (e) A power frequency voltage test (pressure test) on the main and auxilliary circuits shall be carried out between phases and phase to earth.

.5 15 25 32 45 66 0.6 11 15 22 33 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 58 .3 6.2 8.6 11 15 22 33 (Abstracted from BS 162.(iii) One pole of the testing supply shall be connected to earth and to the frame of the assembly.c.3 6. KV FOR 15 MINUTES 1.66 3. test may be applied.66 3. reconnect all cables and ensure that shorting links and fuses are replaced. KV a. In the interim the test levels in BS 161 (Table 14) will be used:- (g) EQUIPMENT VOLTAGE. EQUIPMENT VOLTAGE. for the phase to earth test. BS 5227 does not contain any test voltages. Table 12 and BS 5227 Table 6) (f) Upon completion of all tests. a high voltage d. only the comment that they are ‘under consideration. The tests should be carried out at a frequency of 25100HZ and full voltage should be applied for one minute.6 15. As an alternative to the power frequency test.5 7.c TEST VOLTAGE.c TEST VOLTAGE. KV a. KV FOR 1 MINUTE .2 24 32 46 68 0. The minimum acceptable test voltages are given in the table below.

2. C.3 Test Certificates Form E-3 is to be used for recording the results of the testing and requires endorsement to confirm that all the requirements of this procedure.2. have been carried out satisfactorily. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 59 .(h) Carry out required testing of protection and/or meter circuitry in accordance with Procedure 19. Originals of test certificates generated by implementing Procedure 19 must be attached to E-3 for filing in the System Test Dossier. and Procedure 14 if appropriate.

(b) (c) (d) (ii) Check operation of circuit breaker close and trip mechanism. Correct fitting and operation of any special earthing facilities.C.2. Correct operation of busbar shutters and padlocking facilities. (iii) C. manually and electrically.3 Procedure No 3 . (ii) (iii) GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 60 .1 Inspection (a) Pre-Installation Carry out the pre-installation checks of procedure 2. SF6 or vacuum type of circuit breaker. C.3.2. (b) Post-Installation (i) Carry out mechanical operation checks to ensure:(a) Correct alignment and connection of all busbar connections between fixed and moving portions of the circuit breaker and switchboard.2.Circuit Breakers The following procedures are applicable to all circuit breakers in metal clad switchgear whether of the air-break. Correct alignment and connection of all main and secondary plug and socket connections. Carry out insulation resistance tests before and after pressure test with circuit breaker both open and closed.2 Testing (i) Sample and test oil in oil circuit breakers before performing pressure test.3. Ensure the appropriate requirements of Procedure 14 are carried out if applicable. Carry out pressure tests as detailed in Procedure 2. bulk oil. This procedure should be read in conjunction with Procedure 2.

2. (v) C. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 61 .(iv) Test Levels of insulation resistance and pressure test as given in Procedure 2.3.3 Test Certificate Form E-4 is to be used for recording the results of the testing and requires endorsement to confirm that all the requirements of this procedure and Procedure 14 if appropriate have been carried out satisfactorily. Carry out any required testing of protection and/or meter circuitry in accordance with Procedure 19. Originals of test certificates generated by implementing Procedure 19 must be attached to E-4 for filing in the system Test Dossier.

1 Procedure No. Compare the unit description with the Company schedules and Vendor drawing. Compare the main and control fuse ratings with the schedules.2. Examine the internal wiring for security and ensure that it is not being caught or damaged by the door or drawout unit. and that it is not too close to any internal cabling or heat sensitive devices. For plug-in starters test the operation of the withdrawal unit and alignment of main and auxiliary plugs.2 Testing (a) Test the overload by primary or secondary injection and record the results on the relevant Test Certificate. Ensure that the door is earthed.Contactor Starters Inspection (Post Installation) (a) Remove any transit packing and binding materials from the relays. Test the mechanical operation of all contactors and relays and alignment of contacts.4.2. is in the correct position. Examine flash barriers etc. Ensure that the anti condensation heater. 4 . Inspect and check the operation of the isolator and any auxiliary switches.4. is removed. contactor etc. (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) (i) (j) (k) (l) (m) (n) C.4 C. Ensure that the isolator can be padlocked in the off position and that it is interlocked with the door.C. Ensure that any ammeters and scales are correct/suitable. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 62 . if fitted. Ensure the appropriate requirements of Procedure 14 are carried out if applicable. Inspect the equipment in the compartment for damage during installation. and it is clean and any silica-gel etc.2.

GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 63 . 500 volt test for control wiring . Originals of test certificates generated by implementing Procedure 19 must be attached to E-5 for filing in the System Test Dossier. (c) (d) (ii) (e) Carry out any required testing of protection and/or meter circuitry in accordance with Procedure 19.4.3 Test Certificate Form E-5 is to be used for recording the results of the testing and requires endorsement to confirm the requirements of this procedure.minimum value should be 10 megohms. have been carried out satisfactorily. and Procedure 14 if appropriate.2. C.This should agree (within tolerance) with the manufacturers curves. Test and record the starter insulation resistance using:(i) 1000 volt test for main wiring . Test the overload for single phasing by passing 80% of full load current through two phases only and record on Test Certificate. (b) Test the calibration of any ammeters by primary or secondary injection and record on Test Certificate.minimum value should be 5 megohms.

Inspect the equipment padlocking facility.2.2.5 C. Remove any transit packing materials from the fuse switch (where fitted).C. Inspect the mechanical operation of the fuse switch and any interlocks fitted in the fuse switch cubicle or cover. When operating handles are of the retractable type.5. Check the ON-OFF operation of the indicator. Ensure that the fuse switch unit has been labelled correctly. (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) C. (b) (c) (d) C. Carry out any required testing or protection and/or meter circuitry in accordance with Procedure 19.2 Inspection (Post Installation) and Testing (a) Inspect the equipment in the fuse switch compartment for damage during installation. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 64 .1 Procedure No 5 . have been carried out satisfactorily.2. and any special instructions. Ensure the appropriate requirements of Procedure 14 are carried out if applicable.Fuse Switches Inspection (Pre-Installation) (a) Note the nameplate ratings of the fuse switch. Ensure that the interior of the unit has been cleansed and any silica-gel drying agents have been removed.6 is to be used for recording the results of the testing and requires endorsement to confirm that the requirements of this procedure. Compare these ratings with those on the approved drawings.2.5.5. and Procedure 14 if appropriate. Measure the insulation resistance through the closed isolator. ensure that they retract correctly.3 Test Certificate Form E. Ensure the contact alignment of the fuse switch and the mechanical operation of the on-off indication.

Originals of test certificates generated by implementing Procedure 19 must be attached to E-6 for filing in the System Test Dossier. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 65 .

Inspect the pressure relief device (where fitted).C.2. (ii) GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 66 . refer to Electrical Procedure No. one from the upper region of the tank. Two samples should be taken. Inspect the padlocking facilities.6. check each drum of oil supplied against the manufacturer’s specification. Inspect the bolting to the neutral connection. Inspect the Gas Alarm device (where fitted).Power Transformers Inspection (Post-Installation) (a) Note the nameplate ratings of the transformers. If neutral earthing resistors have been fitted.11 for detailed requirements. and any special instructions concerning auxiliary apparatus. Inspect the earthing bolts and the connections to the earthing grid. (Details of testing transformer oils are contained in Procedure 15). Link box oil shall be tested to Procedure 15 prior to final closing.2. If the transformers are supplied without oil. (i) Consult vendors instructions and if required measure the dielectric strength of the transformer oil. (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) (i) C. Check the oil level after filling. Inspect the transformer breathing device and the condition of the moisture absorbing capsule (where fitted). Inspect the transformer and auxiliary equipment for alignment and tightness of foundation bolts and fixings in general. Ensure certification meets the area requirements. Inspect the boltings and the weatherproofing of terminal boxes. Compare these ratings with those on the approved drawings.1 Procedure No. and the other from the bottom.6.2 Testing (a) (b) Test the alarm and trip circuits of the device.2.6 C.6 . including insulation breakdown values.

C MINIMUM INSULATION RESISTANCE. pressure test may be applied. The test voltages to be applied are given in the table below.C 3300 6600 11000 33000 600 11250 18750 - 5600 10600 17600 - 12000 16500 21000 52500 11300 15500 19800 49500 (Abstracted from BS171 Tables 9. MEGOHMS 25 110 440 3300 6600 11000 33000 250 250 500 1000 1000 1000 5000 10 10 50 150 150 150 200 (e) Carry out a power frequency voltage (pressure) test between the HV and LV windings.c. and phase to earth insulation resistance for both the HV and LV windings. The table below gives the test voltages and minimum acceptable values of insulation resistance.C D. Alternatively a d. with the core and tank earthed. TRANSFORMER WDG VOLTAGE TEST VOLTAGE DRY TYPE TEST VOLTAGE OIL IMMERSED A.(c) Ensure that all cables have been certified in accordance with the cable certificate. Duration of this test is to be 15 mins. Measure the phase to phase.C D. The test should be carried out for one minute between each winding. (d) TRANSFORMER WDG VOLTAGE TEST VOLTAGE D.C A. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 67 . 10 and 27.

(f) Carry out any required testing of protection and/or meter circuitry in accordance with Procedure 19. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 68 .3 Test Certificates Form E-7 is to be used for recording the results of the testing and requires endorsement to confirm that the requirements of this procedure have been carried out satisfactorily. All supplementary certificates should be attached to E-7 for filing in the system test dossier.2. namely E-13 for neutral earthing resistors if fitted (Procedure 11). E-16 for transformer and link box oil testing (Procedure 15) and certificates generated by implementing Procedure 19.6. C.

oil rings.7 . tape or plastic compounds. inspect as far as possible.Motors Inspection (Post-Installation) (a) Note the nameplate rating of the motors and compare with those given in the approved drawing and motor schedule. including those inside the connection box. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 69 . This should not be dependent upon the application of paint. After test ensure that all covers giving access to connections are fastened down. Inspect the paint finish of the motor for damage during installation. Ensure equipment certification meets the area classification requirements.C. oil levels. Ensure that any shaft blocking or transit packing has been removed. Note any special instructions regarding auxiliary equipment.7. Inspect the earthing stud and the connection to the general earthing system. Test the phase sequence and polarity of all connections. Without dismantling the motor.7 C. Inspect the weatherproofing and bolting of the connection boxes.2 Testing (a) Ensure that all cables have been certified in accordance with the cable test procedures. Ensure the appropriate requirements of Procedure 14 are carried out if applicable.2.1 Procedure No. (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) (i) (j) (k) C.7. grease packing and bearings.2. Ensure that the motor rotates freely and check that the end play of the rotor is within tolerances. Any damaged areas are to be repainted. Inspect for leakage.2. Inspect the stator winding connection and whether the system should be for star or delta connection. Have the coupling broken to separate the motor from the driven unit or the belts removed from belt driven equipment.

(b)

Measure the phase to frame resistance and phase to phase if the windings can be separated. A 5000V insulation tester should be used on HV motors. If the windings require drying out reference should be made to the guidance notes and typical drying out curve as detailed in Electrical Procedure No. 16. If special motor protective devices (e.g. thermocouples) have been fitted, test their circuit continuity. (Insulation resistance tests should not be carried out across thermistor terminals or thermistor control units). Test the anti-condensation heater and circuit (where fitted). Start the motor to determine the direction of rotation and compare this with the required rotation of the driven unit. Run the motor for about 4 hours and check the bearings for undue temperature rise. Check for vibration. Measure and record the line current of the free running motor. Have the coupling reassembled and the alignment of the coupling and end play checked (or have the belts put back on if belt driven) after the 4 hours test. For HV motors measure the Polarisation Index (PI) and refer to the manufacturers’ documentation for acceptable levels. In the absence of the latter a figure of 1.7 should be the minimum acceptable level. For HV machines rated up to 10MW a high voltage a.c. test may be carried out at a voltage = 0.8 x (2 x M/c rated voltage + 1Kv), for 1 minute as specified in BS 4999: Part 60. This test may be replaced with a d.c test at a voltage to be agreed with the manufacturer, but which must NOT exceed 1.28 x (2 x m/c rated voltage + 1Kv.

(c)

(d) (e)

(f)

(g) (h)

(i)

(j)

NOTE:This test is NOT obligatory (k) Carry out any required testing of protection and/or meter circuitry in accordance with Procedure 19.

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C.2.7.3

Test Certificates Form E-8 is to be used for recording the results of the testing and requires endorsement to confirm that the requirements of this procedure and Procedure 14 if appropriate, have been carried out satisfactorily. If applicable the results of drying out motor windings, Procedure 16, are to be attached to Form E-8 for filing in the system test dossier, together with any certificates generated by implementing Procedure 19.

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C.2.8 C.2.8.1

Procedure No 8 - Batteries and Battery Charger Inspection (Post-Installation) (a) Note the nameplate rating of the equipment, and number, type and rating of the batteries supplied and compare with the ratings stated on the approved drawings for the equipment. Ensure that the equipment classification requirements. certificates meet the area

(b)

(c)

Inspect the chargers and battery stands for alignment, level, and tightness of foundation bolts and fixing. Inspect the earthing bolts and the connections to the earth system. Ensure that all site installed cables have been tested in accordance with the cable Test Certificate. Clean the interiors of all control panels, chargers etc. Remove any temporary silica-gel drying agents from the panels. Note the type, size and rating of all fuses and protective devices and compare with the values stated on the approved drawings. Inspect all batteries for cracks, damage and tightness and cleanliness of terminals and connections. Remove any transit bungs from the cells. Inspect all bolted connections between individual cells in a bank of batteries. Ensure that all battery terminals have been coated with vaseline or equivalent. Inspect the battery electrolyte level in all cells after filling.

(d)

(e)

(f)

(g)

(h) (i) (j)

(k) C.2.8.2 Testing

Measure the earth path resistance at the main earthing terminal. Note that special care must be taken when making tests on electronic equipment due to its susceptibility to damage by overvoltages.

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(b) (c) C. size and rating of all fuses and protective devices and compare with the values stated on the approved drawings. C.Uninterruptable Power Supplies This procedure is a preliminary to the inspection and test performed by the equipment vendor at site.1 Inspection (Post-Installation) (a) Note the nameplate ratings of the equipment and any auxiliary apparatus and compare with the rating given on the approved drawings.2.2. (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) C. together with originals of Vendor Test Certificate should be attached to E-10 for filing in the system Test Dossier. Certificates for Batteries and Battery Charger Tests.3 Test Certificate Form E-10 to be used for recording the results of the testing and requires endorsement to signify that the requirements of the procedure have been carried out satisfactorily. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 73 . inverters etc. Remove any temporary silica-gel drying agents from the panels.C. level.9 Procedure No. 9 .2. Inspect the installed equipment for alignment. Carry out all testing required on Form E-10 and sign off certificate.2. tightness of foundation bolts and fixings. Ensure that all site installed cables have been tested in accordance with the Electrical Procedure.9. and Test Certificates completed. Ensure that all vendor site tests have been completed and all results recorded on vendor test sheets. Clean the interiors of all control panels.9. Inspect the earthing bolts and the connection to the earthing system.2 Testing (a) Carry out testing of Batteries and Battery Charger in accordance with Procedure 8. Note the type.9.

10 -Lighting and Small Power Distribution System Inspection (Post-Installation) (a) Ensure that the equipment meets the area classification requirements as laid down in the design specification and drawings. Ensure that the distribution board supply cable has been tested and relevant test certificate completed. etc.2. Inspect lighting fittings. Carry out inspection of Junction Boxes in accordance with Electrical Procedure No. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 74 . complete a test tag and attach it to the sub-circuit control switch in a prominent position. internal connections and general good workmanship. All equipment in hazardous areas should be inspected in accordance with the requirements of Electrical Procedure No.2 Testing (a) (b) Measure each outgoing circuit insulation resistance to earth. weather-proofness.2.10. Note the distribution board circuit numbering and the fuse rating of the circuits and compare with the approved drawings. 14. (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) (i) C. 18. sockets. As each sub-circuit from a distribution board is tested. and compare with the approved drawings. Note the siting of the lighting fittings. sockets and switches for neatness.C.10 C. Test any safety features such as interlocks. Inspect the earthing busbar and cable earthing connections inside the distribution boards. and the earthing connections from individual items of equipment to the earthing grid where detailed on drawings. glanding.1 Procedure No.2. Test the voltage and polarity of each socket outlet and also the earth continuity.10. padlocks and door switches.

Carry out any required testing or protection and/or metering circuitry in accordance with Procedure 19.(c) Carry out illumination tests. Originals of test certificates generated by implementing Procedure 19 must be attached to E-11 for filing in the System Test Dossier. have been carried out satisfactorily. (d) C. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 75 .3 Test Certificate Form E-11 is to be used for recording the results of the testing and require endorsement to signify that the requirements of this procedure.2. and Procedures 14 and 18 if appropriate.10. Illumination levels are to comply with the CIBS Code for interior lighting where no other statutory or contract illumination levels are specified.

1 Procedure No. Inspect the connections to the neutral earthing resistor. Ensure the equipment certificates meet the area classification requirements. Any Supporting current transformer certificates (originals) generated by implementing GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 76 . check that Vendor test certificates and magnetising curves are available. 11 . If current transformers have been fitted.C. re-connect the incoming and outgoing cables. Measure the value of the neutral earthing resistor. Upon completion of tests. Inspect the frame earthing arrangement. tightness of foundation bolts and fixings.2.2.11.3 Test Certificate Form E-13 is to be used for recording the results of the testing and requires endorsement to confirm that the requirements of this procedure have been carried out satisfactorily.Neutral Earthing Resistors Inspection (Post Installation) (a) Note the nameplate ratings of the neutral earth resistors (NER’s) and compare with the approved drawings. Measure the equipment earth path resistance at the main earthing terminal to the general earth system. (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) C. Inspect the neutral earthing resistors for alignment. Carry out required testing of protection and/or meter circuitry in accordance with procedure 19. (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) C. Remove any temporary weather proofing and any drying agents (e.2.g.2 Testing (a) Measure the insulation resistance of the resistor to earth with incoming and outgoing connections disconnected.11.11 C. if not carry out tests in accordance with Procedure 17. silica-gel).11. Test the anti-condensation heater and circuits where fitted.

GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 77 .Procedure 19 must be attached to E.13 for filing in the System Test Dossier.

2 Testing (a) There is no BASEEFA requirement to carry out brine testing of ‘CHEMELEX’ type tapes.2. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 78 . 14 and 18 as appropriate.g. (d) (e) (f) (g) C. e. as required.C. have been carried out satisfactorily.12. However.2.Trace Heating Tapes and Circuits Inspection (Post-Installation) (a) (b) (c) Check that the tape type is correct to the drawing requirements. Check that the fuse rating is correct for the total circuit loading. together with Form E-1 for cable testing in accordance with Procedure No. the circuit should have its insulation resistance re-checked (not recorded) to ensure no damage has occurred. Check that the tape is installed correctly.2. (b) (c) (d) C. valves etc. After completion of the thermal insulation. and procedures 1.12. Each tape shall be subject to an insulation resistance test when installation is complete. 14 and 18. the complete circuit shall have its insulation resistance tested and recorded.2. especially with regard to removable items. it is recommended that an end-seal test in brine be carried out on all inaccessible tapes.1 Procedure No 12 .3 Test Certificates Forms E-14 and E-15 are to be used for recording the results of the testing.12. Check that the circuit is correct for the voltage rating of the tape.12 C. Carry out inspection and tests detailed in Electrical Procedures no’s 1. Check that the tape is of the correct length. After all the tapes on a circuit are installed.1 The forms require endorsement to confirm that the requirements of the procedure. Check that the mounting of the junction boxes and thermostats is correct.

13. which may consist of one or more electrodes.10 ohms (b) Test Certificates There are no standard forms which make reference to this procedure.Earthing Inspection (Post-Installation) (a) (b) Compare the earth connection type and size with the schedule.1 Procedure No.13. shall be tested with a standard earth test whenever practical. Testing Main Earthing Points (a) Each separate earthing point.2. (c) C.7 ohms . Ensure all connections are tight and greased.2. The resistance as measured from any part of the system to the main earth point should not normally exceed the values noted below and tests shall be carried out to confirm this:(i) (ii) (iii) C.2.2.13. Where conductors have been terminated using crimped connections ensure that the correct size and type crimping lug has been used.1ohm .2. 13 . GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 79 . however Form E-21 should be used to record earth point tests.3 Electrical Earthing Lightning Protection Static Bonding . The resistance of each point must not exceed 10 ohms and may have to be below this to comply with (b) below.13 C.C.

Ensure that cable and stopper box compound is correctly applied to avoid ingress of hydrocarbons. the surface temperature class is correct. Ensure that there are no unauthorised modifications and that it carries correct circuit identification.2. ensure that they are correctly located and that motor fans and couplings are not rubbing.2. Where guards are used. 14 . Inspect the interior of the equipment for dust or dirt accumulation and ensure that all electrical connections are tight. Inspect the equipment earthing for security and tightness. the apparatus group is correct and that any special conditions on the certificate have been followed. vibration and other adverse factors.14 C.1 Procedure No.14.Apparatus for use in Hazardous Areas Inspection (Post-Installation) The following is a general inspection guide for all type of equipment used in hazardous areas. Ensure that all bolts glands and stoppers are tight and that the condition of the enclose gaskets is satisfactory.C. weather. (a) Ensure that the apparatus is appropriate to the area classification. (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) (i) The following additional checks are required on special equipment as listed:(h) Ex ‘d’ Flameproof Enclosure Ensure that:- GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 80 . The particular requirements for special equipment used in these locations will be listed individually hereafter and should be read in conjunction with BS 5345 or other appropriate national standards. Ensure that there is no damage to any cables and that the equipment is adequately protected against corrosion. Ensure that the lamp rating and type are correct. and form EC-1 is provided as guidance on the systematic method of record. A check should also be made that the electrical protection is adequate for the drive rating.

(l) Ex ‘N’: Any hermetically-sealed or enclosed break devices should be examined for damage. dirt and paint. All gaps are correct and free from corrosion. (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 81 . The earth path resistance must be measured. All installations should be inspected to ensure that relays and similar devices which act as safety barriers between circuits have not become damaged by repeated operation or vibration in a way which reduces the segregation afforded. (ii) (iii) (k) All conduit runs are tight and free from corrosion. etc. (m) Ex ‘i’ Intrinsically Safe: (i) All installations should be inspected to ensure that any cable screens are earthed in accordance with the relevant standard drawing. The use of non hardening tape is to be avoided. Ex ‘e’ Increased Safety Particular care should be taken on any equipment which uses an encapsulating material that there is no deterioration due to cracking.(i) Obstructions in the vicinity of the equipment do not impair the efficient operation of the equipment. All diode safety barrier installations should be inspected to ensure that the correct type of barriers have been fitted and that they remain firmly fixed to the barrier earth bar. The machined surface may be protected with one of the BP approved greases. Boxes containing diode safety barriers and junction boxes should be inspected to ensure that they do not contain wiring other than that specified in the documentation for the intrinsically safe system.

(n) General The particular earthing requirements of any of the above equipment must be clarified with reference to the specific code of practice for the equipment. Vendor dossiers must be examined to ensure that electrical components and equipment have been certified in compliance with BS 5345 or any other appropriate national standards and that relevant certificates are available e.2 Testing The diversity of equipment and special components which are contained in a particular type of apparatus does not permit a generalisation of the testing required to demonstrate suitability for service in a hazardous area.14. The following forms however make reference to this procedure and require endorsement to signify that the equipment and the standard of installation is suitable for use in hazardous areas. BASEEFA. C. E. namely:Forms E-1.3 Test Certificates There is no specific standard form for recording that the requirements of the procedure have been implemented. code of practice or BASEEFA certificate to demonstrate suitability for use in a hazardous area. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 82 .g. reference should be made to the relevant code of practice. E-2. E-3. E-11. E-14.2. E-6. Such certificates must also be examined to determine whether the validity of the certificate is subject to specific installation instructions and further testing after installation. e. C. Special requirements for testing may be contained in the standard or specific code of practice for the equipment and this should be complied with prior to final energisation of the circuit. E-5. Form E-21 should be used to record the results of any testing required by the standard. And it is also recommended that where there is any ambiguity in the interpretation of the requirements.2. E-15. E-8.14.12.g. testing of cables for intrinsically safe apparatus.

or from the conservator (where fitted) and the top and bottom of the tank.15. The test shall be carried out six times on the same cell filling.C. A similar test procedure shall be followed as for mineral insulating oils except that only three samples shall be taken. For the five subsequent tests. NB: No tests are to be carried out on the oil in hermetically sealed transformers. C. 15 . C. Samples are to be taken from each drum before filling.2 Mineral Insulating Oil The vessel containing the sample oil should be gently agitated and turned over several times to ensure even distribution of any impurities without forming air bubbles.15. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 83 .1 Procedure No. each sample being tested only once and then discarded. C.2. The first test should be carried out within ten minutes of filling.15 C.4 Test Certificate Form E-16 is to be used for recording the results of these tests. the voltage is reapplied one minute after the disappearance of any bubbles that may have been formed.Oil Insulation Tests These tests are to be carried out using a standard test cell conforming to the requirement of BS 148:1972.3 Silicone Insulating Oil BS 148 does not apply to silicone insulating oils but may be used as a general guide in the absence of any official publication.2. The electric strength is the average of the six results obtained from the test.15.2.2.15. or five minutes if observation is not possible.2.

The safest and most effective means of drying the winding of electrical drives is by utilising the anti-condensation heater circuits of the motor. As a guide. C. Fresh clean air circulation shall be provided to remove humid air produced by the drying process. If AC is used for drying larger squirrel cage induction motors. Wound rotors need not be removed. The rate of temperature increase should not exceed 5 C/HR. but the bandages of the windings shall be monitored for undue temperature increase.1 Procedure No.16 C. initial measurement of temperature shall be taken every 15 minutes during the first 3-5 hours to detect any undue temperature rises before damage occurs.16. This gives a clear picture of the drying process and an indication of the likely drying time.C.2 Drying of Motors using Internal Heating Internal heating is obtained by circulating a low voltage AC or DC current through windings.Drying of Electrical Rotating Machinery Drying of Windings in Rotating Electrical Machinery The application of heat to the windings must be carefully controlled. The circulating current should not exceed 25% of the rated full load current and the allowable voltage is about 25% of the rated phase to phase voltage.16. the rotor temperature shall be carefully monitored and it may be advisable to remove the rotor from the assembly if the temperature rise is too rapid. It is useful to construct a graph of the insulation resistance varying as function of time. readings should be taken every 30 minutes until the rate of change of insulation resistance dictates otherwise (see typical drying curve).16 .2. If the motor is not equipped with anti-condensation heaters then one of the methods described below must be adopted. the drying current shall not be applied via the brushes as this would cause hot spots at the contact areas between the brushes and slip-rings or commutator. The use of high intensity heat sources must be avoided at all times due to possible damage caused by local hot spots. Heat is to be applied gradually.2.2. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 84 . For wound motors which are dried by current circulation. When using the current circulated method of drying windings.

but form E21 is to be used to record results.3 Drying of Motors using External Heating When drying motors using external heaters. The size of the heater used is dependent upon the machine frame and surrounding ambient conditions etc.2. As an approximate guide. Form E-8. All results are to be recorded.4 R3 INSULATION RESISTANCE (MEG OHMS) R2 R1 TIME (HOURS) R1 .16.16.MINIMUM RESISTANCE OF WINDINGS (DUE TO VAPORISATION.C.16. the machinery should be covered with tarpaulin or similarly enclosed to promote a good heat distribution. ETC) R3 . retained with the graphs and attached to the motor test certificate.2.2.5 Test Certificates There are no specific forms to be used for this procedure. the following relationship may be used:Heater size (KW) = Weight of M achine( kg ) 1000 C.RESISTANCE OF WINDINGS AT START OF DRYING OUT PROCESS R2 .FINAL RESISTANCE OF WINDINGS C. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 85 .

since the magnetising current will not be sinusoidal a moving iron ammeter should be used. Therefore. C.17 C.2. it should not be necessary to carry out such testing at site unless doubt exists regarding the adequacy of Vendor testing or modification after initial assembly has invalidated the original vendor tests.3 Test Procedure Before any testing commences.17.2. Protection must be put around any exposed primaries since dangerously high voltages will be produced during the testing period. and Vendor test certification should be checked for completeness and accuracy.17.2 Testing Testing to determine the magnetising characteristics of current transformers is invaribly carried out at the Vendor’s works after assembly.17.1 Procedure No.3. An ammeter is connected in the test circuit. ensure primary circuit is open circuited. Inspect the fixing arrangements for the current transformers ensuring that they are securely fixed and will not be damaged during transportation. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 86 . If testing is considered necessary at site it is to be carried out in accordance with the procedure detailed below in C. in most cases this can be achieved by disconnecting the outgoing/incoming cables and opening the breaker or switch.Current Transformer Magnetising Curve Inspection (Pre-Installation) Check the current transformers are the correct class. It should also be ensured that adequate protection is given to the current transformers from moving parts of switchgear and from likely damage during installation of cables into the switchgear.17.C. C. The protective relay coils must then be disconnected from the current transformer. it may be necessary in testing current transformers of ratings less than or equal to 1 ampere to have a step-up transformer in the test circuit to provide voltage above the local mains supply.2.2. Voltage is applied to the secondary of the current transformer by means of a variable voltage transformer or auto-transformer (primary at local mains voltage). type and ratio for the duty called for on the project and vendor drawings. this will be given on the nameplate/label affixed to the current transformer. The scale of the ammeter being graduated accordingly up to the secondary rating of the current transformer.2. this can be achieved in most cases by the removal of the unit from its plug-in housing and the insertion of a test plug or by inserting insulated plugs between the current transformer and relay coil sliding contacts or simply by disconnection of wiring. 17 .

2.4 Test Certificate Form E-17 is to be used for recording the results of the testing. and requires endorsement to confirm that all requirements of the procedure have been carried out satisfactorily. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 87 .The voltage applied should be slowly raised until the magnetising current can be seen to rise very rapidly for a small increase in voltage. This indicates the ‘knee point’ or ‘saturation level’ of the current transformer.17. The magnetising current should then be recorded for several levels of applied secondary voltage as the voltage is reduced to zero. In general the ‘knee point’ level of the current transformer should be reached when the secondary voltage is raised until the magnetising current is equal to the rated secondary current. if carried out. C.

18.3 Test Certificates There is no specific standard form for recording that the requirements of the procedure have been implemented.18 C.2.18. Ensure that the terminal type. E-2. For hazardous area installations.2. 18 . Ensure that the box is correctly sealed.2.C.Junction Box Inspection Inspection (Post-Installation) (i) (ii) (iii) Ensure that the Junction Box location is correct to drawing. The following forms. (iv) (v) (vi) (vii) (viii) (ix) C.2 Testing No testing of Junction Boxes is carried out. Check that the classification and I. size.1 Procedure No. procedure 15 must be followed.P rating are to specification. is correct. Ensure that grease and gaskets are correctly installed. fixing and identification are correct. E-15. C.18. make reference to this procedure and require endorsement to confirm that the junction boxes and the standard of installation is suitable for the intended service. Ensure that the glands and accessories are correctly fitted and unused cable entries are plugged. namely:Forms E-1.2. E-11. however. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 88 . as required. Ensure that the earthing. internal and external. Ensure that the Junction Box is adequately supported and identified.

2. a test certificate is to be completed which shows clearly the portion of scheme and the specific part of the circuit tested.Circuit Breakers .3 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 89 .Fuse Switches . C.Power Transformers .Lighting and Small Power Distribution .Motors .Testing of Protection and Meter Circuitry The equipment covered by the following procedures may require testing of protection and/or meter circuitry by means of primary and/or secondary injection.2. shall be completed for all protective and indication devices. no attempt has been made to produce a detailed standard testing procedure. namely:Procedure 2 3 4 5 6 7 10 11 -Switchboards and busbars .19.19. E-20 (Voltmeter/Ammeter Secondary Injection Test Certificate) and continuation sheets if required.2. 19 .19.C. and records accurately the results of the testing carried out.1 Procedure No. E-19 (Secondary Injection Test Certificate).Neutral Earthing Resistors Owing to both the variety of schemes and the diverse types of relay in use.2.19 C.Contactor Starters . Forms E-18 (Primary Injection Test Certificate).2 For each type of relay or meter tested. C.

GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 90 .C.3 E-4 E-5 E-6 E-7 E-8 E-9 E-10 E-11 E-13 E-14 E-15 E-16 E-17 E-18 E. The procedure numbers shown on the following test sheets refer to the procedures as listed in this document only.3 TEST CERTIFICATE PROFORMA’S Form No.P.S Test Certificate Lighting & Certificate. E-1 E-2 E.B.19 E-20 E-21 EC-1 Test Certificate Description MV Cable Test Certificate High Voltage Test Certificate Switchboard & Busbars Test Certificate Circuit Breaker Test Certificate Contactor Starter Test Certificate Fuse Switch Test Certificate Power Transformer Test Certificate Electric Motor Test Certificate Batteries & Battery Charger Test Certificates (Sheet 1 and 2) U. Small Power Distribution Test Neutral Earthing Resistor Test Certificate Trace Heating Element Test Certificate Trace Heating Circuit Test Certificate Insulating Oil Test Certificate Current Transformer Magnetising Curve Primary Injection Test Certificate Secondary Injection Test Certificate Voltmeter-Ammeter Certificate Secondary Injection Test General Test Certificate Check List of Electrical Equipment in Hazardous Areas N.

which may be adopted to suit local site conditions. isolated and. High voltage: Normally exceeding 1000 volts a. An example of a typical permit. or 1500 volts d. or 600 volts a. This may be the RE or the main contractor but not both. It also ensures that no de-isolation takes place until those involved with the work are clear and until it is safe for the plant or equipment. between conductors. is shown in Appendix D. or 900 volts d.ELECTRICAL AND INSTRUMENTATION All work on equipment which has been handed over to the Operator will be carried out under the Operator’s permit system.c.g. has been energised.2.HEALTH AND SAFETY PERMIT TO WORK SYSTEM . earthing is not required for isolation of electrical equipment for the purpose of work on associated mechanical equipment). ISOLATION CERTIFICATE The purpose of an isolation certificate is to ensure the systematic and thorough isolation of any item of plant or equipment from sources of energy that might jeopardise the safety of anyone working upon the item. checking and adjustment. where applicable. between any conductor and earth. between conductors.c.c. or 900 volts d. PERMIT CONDITIONS The work must be carried out by competent electrical persons as required by statutory regulations and the Electrical Work Permit must be signed and issued only by an Authorised Electrical Engineer who is appointed by the person responsible for the equipment.g.. the work must be carried out under a Construction permit. When equipment has not been handed over. is shown in Appendix D. which may be adapted to suit local site conditions. the electrical system from the LV side of the HV/LV transformer to the LV switchboard bus bars including cabling and incoming switchgear. An example of a typical isolation certificate.c. or 120 volts d.c. Low voltage: Normally exceeding 50 volts a. and it becomes necessary to carry out testing. A permit is required for electrical work on any high voltage (HV) plant or equipment.c. or 600 volts a. between conductors and earth.c. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 91 . and main low voltage (LV) Plant or equipment where isolation has to be made at high voltage (e. The Authorised Electrical Engineer must make known to the competent persons which electrical equipment is dead.1.APPENDIX D INFORMATION . but not exceeding 1000 volts a.c. connected to earth and on which it is safe to work (e.c. or 1500 volts d.c.

For example. Experience has shown a tendency for one discipline to carry out work on equipment which has been isolated for another. Make the work subject to both the Operator’s and the Constructor’s permit systems. Surge Packages. has not yet been handed over to the Operator. 3. which has not been handed over to the Operator since it is not yet acceptable. This will probably be the least attractive solution. These include:(a) Plant which is inside an operational area. and Plant which is inside an operational area. but which has been energised for operational requirements. The certificate must be displayed at the locking off point and will remain valid until the de-isolation is certified by the competent persons in the disciplines involved. electrical and instrumentation disciplines. This presents the possibility of the equipment being energised when the ‘official’ discipline has finished work but whilst the ‘unofficial’ work is still in progress. A variation of this scheme is to have one isolation certificate with three tear-off sections at the bottom for use by mechanical. e.An isolation certificate must be used whenever the work to be performed requires more than one discipline. lighting switchboards. Discipline engineers must ensure that permit work is carried out only under cover of an isolation certificate which has been issued specifically to them. or is expected to extended beyond a shift change. No equipment must be energised until ALL the isolation certificates have been removed. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 92 .g. (b) The problems can only be resolved on site but the following solutions are offered:1. if a gang of fitters.g. PROBLEM AREAS There will be some areas of work which cannot be clearly resolved into either the Operator’s or the Constructor’s permit system. As each gang finishes work their certificate should be removed and only when all three certificates have gone should the equipment be energised. e. but has been energised to permit instrumentation precommissioning to proceed. regardless of any other certificates issued for the same equipment. Isolate the plant from the substation until such time that the plant is acceptable to the Operator. MOV’s. 2. is electrically complete. Ask the Operator to accept the plant in its incomplete state. Meter Banks. a gang of electricians and a gang of instrument engineers are working on the same equipment during the same period then three isolation certificates should be displayed at the locking off point.

. equipment has been isolated and locked off …………………………………………….. (Signed) ………………………….1 ………………………………… ……………………………… ………………………………… Exact description of equipment on which ……………………………………………. from the supply ……………………………………………..(time) …………………. …………………………………………….(date)….. ……………………(time) …………………... Cancellation This permit to work is hereby cancelled GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 93 . Isolation Certificate No The equipment to be worked on has been …………………………………………….. All persons under my control have been withdrawn and warned that it is no longer safe to work on the equipment (Signed)…………………………. Clearance I DECLARE that the work for which this permit was issued has been completed and that the equipment is ready for service. …………………….. work has to be done ……………………………………………. No attempt will be made by me or by persons under my control to work on any other equipment.(time) ………………….. notices posted ……………………………………………. Line diagram/sketch attached Yes No Delete as appropriate Issue I CERTIFY that the above safety precautions have been carried out and that the equipment listed is dead.ELECTRICAL WORK PERMIT Contractor ……………………………… Location Voltage Serial No. earthed at the following points and ‘danger’ ……………………………………………. (Signed) .. ……………………………………………. It will NOT be made live until clearance is given by the recipient of this a permit. Exact description of how the above ……………………………………………. APPENDIX D. Brief description of work to be done ……………………………………………..……………………………(date) … Receipt I ACCEPT RESPONSIBILITY for carrying out work on the equipment listed on this permit....…(date)……………………….

GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 94 .(Signed)………………………………(date)……….……………….(time)………………….

(Contractor’s Competent Person-Tradesman) WORK COMPLETED: SIGNED …………………. DATE……… (M/C Authorised Person) METHOD OF ISOLATING ELECTRICAL SUPPLY ……………………………….APPENDIX D.. TIME…………DATE…. OR SUBSEQUENT TO ISOLATION (E... DATE………. ………………………………………………………………………………………… SUPPLY IS NOW ISOLATED ……………………. DATE……….G. (Contractor's Competent Person-Supv... ………………………………………………………………..TIME……….... EQUIPMENT NO…………………… (Here specify by name the equipment requiring isolation) A DETAILS OF WORK TO BE CARRIED OUT……………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………… AUTHORISED BY…………………………………….…… B C D E F G H J K GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 95 . ISOLATE…………………………………………….) RECEIVED ON THE JOB BY …………………………TIME……… DATE……….2 ELECTRICAL ISOLATION CERTIFICATE Contractor……………………………………………..DATE……… ELECTRICAL SUPPLY RECONNECTED BY………………………………….…………………………. ABOVE WORK NOW COMPLETED.) WORK HAS NOW BEEN COMPLETED AND ELECTRICAL RECONNECTION CAN NOW BE MADE AUTHORISED BY ……………………………………..Serial No……………………………..TIME……….. (M/C) Authorised Person) STATE HERE ANY ADDITIONAL WORK CARRIED OUT ON ELECTRICAL CONNECTIONS/EQUIPMENT AT TIME OF.TIME………. MOTOR DISCONNECTED/CONNECTED)……………………………………………………. RECEIVED BY…………………………………………TIME……….. DATE………. DATE………... CHECKED AND RECONNECTION OF SUPPLY CAN NOW BE MADE SIGNED (Contractor’s Competent Person-Tradesman) …………………………….…(M/C AUTHORISED PERSON) TIME………. DATE……….….TIME……….. (Contractor’s Competent Person-Supv) ………………………………………………... (Contractor’s Competent Person-Tradesman) WORK COMPLETED: SIGNED …………………. (Contractors Competent Person-Tradesman) TIME…………DATE………. (Contractor’s Competent Person-Supv. ANY WORK CARRIED OUT UNDER (H) IS NOW COMPLETED AND CHECKED AND RECONNECTION OF SUPPLY CAN NOW BE MADE. TIME………….

(M/C AUTHORISED PERSON) GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 96 .

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