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Copyright © The British Petroleum Company p.l.c.
Copyright © The British Petroleum Company p.l.c.
All rights reserved. The information contained in this document is subject to the terms and conditions of the agreement or contract under which the document was supplied to the recipient's organisation. None of the information contained in this document shall be disclosed outside the recipient's own organisation without the prior written permission of Manager, Standards, BP International Limited, unless the terms of such agreement or contract expressly allow.
BP GROUP RECOMMENDED PRACTICES AND SPECIFICATIONS FOR ENGINEERING Issue Date Doc. No.
Latest Amendment Date
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP
APPLICABILITY Regional Applicability: SCOPE AND PURPOSE This Specification details the minimum acceptable standard for materials and workmanship which are required in the execution of electrical works undertaken for, or on behalf of, British Petroleum and it’s associated companies It’s purpose is to give information on acceptable installation and construction methods.
AMENDMENTS Amd Date Page(s) Description ___________________________________________________________________
CUSTODIAN (See Status List for Contact)
Engineering Practices Group, BP International Limited, Research & Engineering Centre Chertsey Road, Sunbury-on-Thames, Middlesex, TW16 7LN, UNITED KINGDOM Tel: +44 1932 76 4067 Fax: +44 1932 76 4077 Telex: 296041
....................4 Cables and Wiring for Instrument Systems ................ CABLES.......5 Materials and Equipment........................................................................................................ GENERAL................................................................ INSTALLATION OF ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT ......... 21 7.................... MATERIALS HANDLING AND STORAGE ..................... 8 * 3......................... 7 3..CONTENTS Section Page FOREWORD ................................................... 3 3......................................... 5 3................................................................................11 Hand Tools and Aids ....................... EQUIPMENT IN HAZARDOUS AREAS ......................................3 Tradesmen and Supervision ............................................................................................ 32 8...................9 Temporary Power Installations.....................................iii 1............4 System Test Dossiers........12 Electrolytic Corrosion ................................................5 Cable Records ........................................................... 1 1.....................2 As Installed Drawings ...... DOCUMENTATION ..........................................................................2 Underground Cable Installation............................. 5 3....................................................................... 8 3............................................................................................................................................ 1 2..1 Scope .......................................................................................................................... CONSTRUCTION SITE POWER SUPPLIES..................................................................................6 Security and Safety Regulations ......4` Identification .................................... 8 3.....3 Cable Installed Above Ground (Onshore) Or Above Deck (Offshore)................................. 6 * 3........................7 Buildings......... 5 3........................................1 Contractors Responsibilities ... 2 2.......................................................................................................................... 2 2.................... Structures and Plant ........ Electrical Appliances and Tools............................................................................. 14 7.. 14 7.................. 10 5.................... 17 7................................................1 Construction Documents.............................8 Setting out Works............................ 2 2.......................... INTRODUCTION................ 33 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE i ..................... 9 4................................................... 2 2...........................................................10 Portable Handlamps........................................................... 31 7........................................................................................................................................... 11 6...........................................1 General ............................................................................................................................................. 6 3.................2 Site and Equipment Tidiness and Cleanliness...3 Construction Records Dossier.................................................................................................... 6 * 3............. 6 3..... 7 3.................................................................. 13 7.......................................................................................................................... WIRING AND INSTALLATION OF CABLES . 1 1.........................2 Quality Assurance ...............
. 44 9............... 33 8.............................................6 Pre-acceptance Inspection and Testing........................................6 Earthing and Bonding .......... 49 LIST OF REFERENCED DOCUMENTS........................ 45 9....................................................................................3 Safety Precautions ................................. 40 8......................................3 Transformers and Reactors ..........................................................8 Generator Packages ........... 46 APPENDIX A..................................................................................1 Switchgear ...........................7 Small Power and Lighting Systems .....................................................5............................................................................1 General .................................. 44 9...................................................... 38 8............................................................................................. 44 9... 48 DEFINITIONS AND ABBREVIATIONS.................................................................... INSTALLATION.................................................4 Batteries................ 49 APPENDIX C.............................................. 39 8.................................................................................. 37 8.......................................................................................................2 Motors .....................2 Installation ...................... 35 8.................................................................................................................................................7 Energisation and Commissioning.... 43 9............5 Electrical Surface Heating........................................................ 45 9............................ Pre-Commissioning of Electrical Systems... 51 APPENDIX D..... 45 9....................................................................................................... 51 INSPECTION AND TEST PROCEDURE................................................................................................ 44 9..............................................................................................HEALTH AND SAFETY............................... Battery Chargers and Inverters ........................................................... TESTING AND COMMISSION..... 48 APPENDIX B ........... 91 INFORMATION ....................................4 Inspection and Testing ......................... 91 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE ii ...........................................................8.......................... INSPECTION........................................................................................................................................... 39 8...............................................
Application This Guidance for Specification is intended to guide the purchaser in the use or creation of a fit-for-purpose specification for enquiry or purchasing activity. (a) Various sections have now become sub-sections under new section headings. In particular. revised and converted to the new ‘Way Forward’ Style. There are also recommendations for specific definitions and requirements. Text in italics is Commentary. Principle Changes from Previous Edition This document has been re-structured. These new section headings are:Cables. The user should adapt or supplement this document to ensure compliance for the specific application. and may discuss alternative options. Value of this Guidance for Specification This Guidance for Specification defines BP’s minimum requirements for electrical engineering materials and workmanship using BP’s knowledge and experience world-wide to ensure that electrical installations are carried out to a safe standard using materials of the required type and quality. Other documents in the Introductory volume provide general guidance on using the RPSEs and background information to Engineering Standards in BP. It also gives guidance on the implementation of any ‘Specification’ or ‘Approval’ actions. This document may refer to certain local. Wiring and Installation of Cables Installation of Electrical Equipment Installation.FOREWORD Introduction to BP Group Recommended Practice and Specifications for Engineering The Introductory volume contains a series of documents that provide an introduction to the BP Group Recommended Practices and Specifications for Engineering (RPSEs). operation and maintenance. Testing and Commissioning GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE iii . and comply with good engineering practice commensurate with ease of installation. Inspection. Commentary provides background information which supports the requirements of the Specification. specific actions are indicated by an asterisk (*) preceding a paragraph number. national or international regulations but the responsibility to ensure compliance with legislation and any other statutory requirements lies with the user. the ‘General Foreword’ sets out the philosophy of the RPSEs.
Precommissioning of Electrical Systems. Energisation and Commissioning. Inspection. Testing and Commissioning’ incorporates the previously existing text from ‘Inspection. Safety Precautions. See Status List for Contacts. BP International or the Custodian. Testing and Commissioning’ of the ‘General’ section with new text on Installation. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE iv .Under the new section heading of ‘Cables. For feedback and further information. Battery Chargers and Invertors Electrical Surface Heating Generator Packages The new section heading ‘Installation. Pre-acceptance Inspection and Testing and. Wiring and Installation of Cables’ are new sub-sections:Cable Transits Cable and Wiring for Instrument Systems Cable Records Under the new section heading of ‘Installation of Electrical Equipment’ are new subsections:Transformers and Reactors Batteries. please contact Engineering Practices Group. (b) The following other new sections have been added:Equipment in Hazardous Areas Construction Site Power Supplies Feedback and Further Information Users are invited to feed back any comments and to detail experiences in the application of BP RPSEs to assist in the process of their continuous improvement.
If this is not the case. Consequently this Specification in no way replaces or supersedes the requirements contained in any national or local regulations that may be applicable. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 1 . and is therefore not specified in the core text of this specification. material requirements and construction methods which are required in the execution of electrical works undertaken for. together with the environment local to any particular part of a plant or area.1 Scope This specification covers general standards of workmanship. It is acknowledged that differences may occur between the requirements of the contract documents. The quality system should ensure that the technical and QA requirements specified in the enquiry and purchase documents are applied to all materials. National and/or local regulations are frequently applicable and take the form of rules. issued by the appropriate authority for the particular country. state or area concerned. It additionally covers the minimum requirements for the installation. testing and commissioning of all electrical equipment and systems. British Petroleum and it’s associated companies. INTRODUCTION 1. since compliance with the above documents could be mandatory and any short-comings might lead to delays and could prejudice the subsequent granting of a plant operating licence. codes of practice. together with those of construction techniques required. clauses should be inserted to require the vendor to operate and be prepared to demonstrate the quality system to the purchaser. unless dispensation on any particular matter has been obtained in writing from the responsible authority. It is essential that the Contractor ensures that easy access to all relevant documents for reference is available. of which this Specification forms part. but in such cases the most stringent requirements must be complied with. equipment and services provided by sub-contractors and to any free issue materials Further suggestions may be found in the BP Group RPSEs Introductory Volume. and those of the particular authorities concerned. Details of the various types of installation work likely to be encountered are included in this Specification. In this connection due regard must be given to the extremes. or on behalf of. widely differing.1. 1. standards etc. and adverse general climatic conditions that may be encountered.2 Quality Assurance Verification of the vendor’s quality system is normally part of the pre-qualification procedure.
g. or as otherwise directed. (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi) Installation Block Diagrams Installation and Layout Drawings BP Standard Drawings e.2 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 2 .4. 2. Earthing.3 2. etc.g. the results of testing will be included in the System Test Dossier. 2. DOCUMENTATION 2. etc.3. schedules. shall be clearly marked on the construction drawings by the Contractor and submitted to BP site management on completion of each section of the work.1 Construction Records Dossier The parts of the dossier relevant to the electrical discipline will consist of all the information necessary to record the condition and as-built status of electrical installation. Cable schedules showing installed length of cables.1 Construction Documents Site layout and construction of the installation shall be carried out in accordance with the approved drawings. 2.3. e. Cable and Equipment Schedules Manufacturer's Drawings and Installation Instructions Electrical system protective relay setting schedules and characteristic curves.g. 2. specifications and other documents with form an integral part of the Contract. full details should be brought to the notice of BP Site Management in order that appropriate action can be implemented. ref. Line Heating.2 As Installed Drawings The exact siting of equipment. jointing and terminal connection details. e. where advantage can be taken of a change in circumstance to the benefit of the work from any aspect. standards.2. When the situation on site is such as to render any of the Contract Specifications inappropriate. cable routing. Suggested contents of the dossier are:(a) (b) An index of design and as-built drawing. together with any deviation from the drawing.
Using the example of the close drain pump. junction boxes. manufacturer. (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) 2. Equipment preservation records as required by BP Group RP 32-2.(c) Cable Drumming schedules with manufacturer’s test certificates for each drum. its starter.4. hazardous area classification code (if any) and area classification of location. Index of relevant Engineering Queries in number order.3 2. switch fuse etc. push button stations etc. located in the test dossier for the closed drain system will be the test sheets for the closed drain pump motor. cable glands.4 2. 2. including replies and all other attachments. The system allocation of a piece of electrical equipment shall be decided by identifying the system in which it operates e.g.4. The cabling and power supply unit (starter.1 System Test Dossiers The parts of the test dossier relevant to the electrical discipline will consist of the results of all the tests carried out at site to show that a piece of equipment or circuit is ready for commissioning. Any results of tests carried out by vendor’s representatives at site will be included but NOT the results of vendor’s works tests. the drive motor for a closed drain pump will be located in the closed drain system.4. even if the starter is part of a cubicle type switchboard. which will be held in vendor dossiers. Index of all tagged items by system showing purchase order number. with copies of approval certificates from certifying authorities. identifying the system to which it applies together with a brief description.4. and the cabling to the motor and push button units. Schedule of suppliers of certified bulk equipment e. updated to include site purchases.2 2. Copies of all Engineering Queries. An index of all the electrical equipment and cables to be tested shall be compiled and broken down into the system designations laid down in Project specifications/procedures.g.4 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 3 .) for a piece of electrical equipment will be combined with the item of equipment for system allocation. filed by system number.
The final index shall list not only the piece of equipment and its associated cabling but also the numbers of all the test sheets and the date of completion of the test. The Contractors activities for the preparation of final documentation, namely, as built-drawings, fabrication and system test dossiers, and outstanding material lists, shall be carried out under the supervision of BP.
GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP
GENERAL 3.1 Contractors Responsibilities The Contractor will be expected to assume full responsibility for the completion of all works necessary to fulfil the specified functional requirements listed in the Contract Documents and Job Specification. The area and degree of responsibility vested in the Contractor for the protection and maintenance of electrical plant and equipment during construction and commissioning of the Works will be defined in the Contract Specification and implementation of these requirements shall be agreed with BP Site Management before work is commenced. In general the Contractor shall be responsible for:(a) The receipt, inspection and storage of all items of equipment supplied by BP. The supply of all other items of equipment as specified in the Contract Documents. The installation of all equipment, including any necessary support structures including fabrication, where necessary, of such supporting materials as specified in the Contract Documents. Bringing to the attention of BP any omissions from the Contract Documents of any items essential for the safe and correct functioning of any part of the specified equipment or system. The testing and pre-commissioning of all equipment and systems after installations. Maintenance of all installed equipment and systems until the works are formally accepted by, and control transferred to BP.
Site and Equipment Tidiness and Cleanliness The Contractor is to ensure that his work sites are kept in a clean and orderly fashion at all times and that unwanted scrap, waste materials, etc., are removed from site at appropriate intervals or as otherwise agreed or directed by BP Site Management. Upon completion of each part of the installation the Contractor shall ensure that every item of electrical equipment is internally and externally clean and free from extraneous objects.
GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP
Tradesmen and Supervision Personnel engaged on the construction of electrical installations shall be fully qualified and competent tradesmen skilled in the particular field of work in which they are engaged. They will be required to operate under the general supervision of a suitably qualified and responsible electrical engineer, or supervisor, as required under the terms of the Contract.
Identification All cables, conductors, circuits and equipment, etc., shall be fitted with a permanent means of identification in accordance with the codes that have been established for the Works. Omissions shall be rectified, as the Works proceed, by the provision of an appropriate means of identification in compliance with, and/or an extension to, an established system, or by the introduction of an additional system in agreement with BP Site Management and compliance with the requirements of 2.2.
Materials and Equipment Materials and equipment supplied by the Contractor under the contract shall be new, unless otherwise agreed, and comply with Nationally recognised standards of the user country and BP Engineering Codes of Practice. Material and equipment manufactured to standards other than the above shall be approved in writing by BP and/or the appropriate authority in the user country.
Security and Safety Regulations All work shall be carried out in accordance with rules, regulations and instructions issued by BP Site Management. Unless otherwise stated the above shall be interpreted to include all National/Local rules, regulations, etc., as may be applicable, with particular attention to those concerning all aspects of safety. In some cases the Contract Works will be adjacent to, and/or within, existing plant operating areas under the control of an Operating Plant Company Management. Particular attention is drawn to the necessity of strict adherence to regulations and instructions applicable to such areas, these will include compliance with existing written "Permit-toWork" procedures. Serious consequences can arise due to accidental damage to and/or inadvertent operation of equipment associated with operating plant, or through interference; consequently every precaution shall be taken to prevent such occurrences. Should they take place, BP Site, or the Operating Plant Management shall be informed immediately. It is important that any related or immediate subsequent action necessary should only be undertaken on receipt of specific instructions from the BP Management unless the action needed is obvious and can be carried out safely, e.g. fighting a fire with the correct means.
GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP
no alteration shall be made to any building.8 Setting out Works Care must be taken at all times to ensure that the finished work has a good appearance.Written "Permit-to-Work" procedures may be introduced for any of the Contract Work areas should it be necessary to ensure safe working. the procedure contained in Project Department’s Health and Safety at Work Advice and Information Manual shall apply. When detailed instructions have not been included. and movement of.. ready access is available to components. * 3. vessels. and the likelihood of damage due to vibration. shall allow adequate clearances. Any dispensation must be obtained in writing. 3. Thermal insulation and fireproofing materials. forming part of process lines. structure or plant. high fire risk areas must be avoided as far as is possible. and that. Work carried out prior to the application of thermal insulation and fireproofing materials.. Care must be taken not to obstruct access to. unless specifically authorised by BP Site Management. etc.. must be installed strictly in accordance with the Contract instructions. corrosion or chemical action.7 Buildings. Inadvertent damage must be reported immediately to BP Site Management. The actual requirements for each work area under a particular contract will be defined by BP Site Management. where appropriate. who will be responsible for any dispensation in requirements. in conjunction with the Operating Plant Company Management when necessary. When locating equipment. Equipment should be located as far as possible to facilitate maintenance without the use of ladders or other temporary support structures. In the absence of a Client’s ‘Permit-to-Work’ System. structures. and the work must be fully protected against possible damage during the application of thermal insulation and fireproofing materials. plant. etc. All electrical equipment and installations shall be located and/or protected against the effects of heat that may be radiated or conducted from the process plant. Structures and Plant Equipment suspended or attached to any building. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 7 . and will be introduced immediately electrical testing and commissioning work requires equipment and cables to be energised. shall be left undisturbed unless specified otherwise by BP Inadvertent damage must be reported immediately to BP Site Management. etc. structure or plant.
may be supplied at voltages in excess of the above. heavy duty tools. The Contractor shall ensure that the correct tools and aids are used for all work carried out. and an adequate supply. See Clause 6.e. and for carrying out the work in the correct manner. Overhead insulated conductor systems will only be permitted when unavoidable and require the written authorisation of BP Site Management. See section 7 of this Specification. from the standard medium voltage single phase and neutral supply. small portable electrical apparatus. i. provided the equipment is of the double insulated type and/or the sub-circuit to which it is connected includes a current operated earth leakage protective device. 3.3. shall always be available to all personnel engaged in the Contract Works. etc.9 Temporary Power Installations Power distribution systems installed for the express purpose of providing temporary power for construction works shall be subject to the same standards of workmanship as permanent installations except where otherwise allowed for in the Contract or authorised by BP Site Management. Electrical Appliances and Tools Portable hand held lamps. inspected and tested at regular and appropriate intervals to ensure an entirely satisfactory condition. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 8 . Such transformers shall have an earthed metal screen between the windings.. electrical appliances and tools shall be supplied from single phase double wound transformers having the centre point of the utilisation voltage winding brought out and solidly earthed. Materials and equipment to be supplied as part of the Contract Works shall include such special tools and aids as are necessary for the correct execution of the work. There shall be no bare conductor overhead power supply and distribution systems of either a temporary or permanent nature in any work area. The above equipment shall be maintained. Materials and equipment supplied as a free issue to the Contract Works will normally include special tools and aids as are necessary unless otherwise specified.5 Bench mounted equipment. and when unavoidable. of hand tools specifically designed for the purpose for which they are to be used. 3.11 Hand Tools and Aids A full range.10 Portable Handlamps.
other than aluminium glands. say aluminium. specially manufactured for the purpose. and nuts may be galvanised or cadmium plated. washers. may be used between dissimilar metals. for installation into aluminium enclosures. Examples with some alternatives are given below:(i) When apparatus of one metal. is to be mounted on a steel structure. The bolts. Cable glands. Coatings of proprietary compounds. (ii) (iii) GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 9 . may be cadmium plated.12 Electrolytic Corrosion Measures shall be adopted to minimise electrolytic corrosion. with the agreement of BP Site Management. stand-off washers shall be used.* 3.
of those equipment items supplied by BP.6 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 10 . before installation in safe storage and in environmental conditions suitable for the particular items of equipment where they will not be liable to damage deterioration or corrosion and.1 The Contractor shall receive all items of equipment supplied by BP. or replaced by the Contractor at his own cost.5 4. The Contractor shall be responsible for continuous monitoring and reporting of material usage. security and condition of all equipment and materials for the duration of the Contract. The Contractor shall review the list of items of equipment to be supplied by BP and report immediately in writing to BP. the supplier and BP for immediate action to avoid work schedule delays. the omission of any items necessary to complete the Works. He shall keep all equipment and materials.3 4. The Contractor shall provide all other materials necessary to complete the works in accordance with the Contract Documents. to the satisfaction of BP. where applicable.2 4. in accordance with manufacturer’s recommendations. MATERIALS HANDLING AND STORAGE 4. and the Contractor shall advise BP in advance of any anticipated shortage in order to avoid delay in scheduled installation. Any equipment broken or damaged in storage shall be repaired. The Contractor shall be entirely responsible for the safety. 4.4. All damage shall be notified in writing to the carrier. during installation. Immediately on receipt. all equipment shall be inspected by the Contractor for damage during transit.4 4.
5. have the correct temperature classification and equipment group and be suitable for the particular environmental conditions.g. EQUIPMENT IN HAZARDOUS AREAS 5. Also the installation Codes of Practice in the country of manufacture and certification shall be checked to ensure that the certification is not related to an installation practice unacceptable in the country of use. shall be installed. All electrical equipment and ancillaries supplied by the Contractor for installation in hazardous areas shall be certified by a National Certifying Authority for use in the particular classified area. supplied by the Contractor shall be certified for use with the BP supplied equipment in order to maintain the characteristics of the type of hazardous area protection. Specifications for type ‘N’ motors 5. flameproof gaps on equipment with type of protection ‘d’ should not be nearer to other plant than as specified. ‘e’. all as described in BS 5345.4 5. The Contractor shall ensure that all supervisory personnel are conversant with these drawings and fully understand the requirements for electrical apparatus in hazardous areas. e. The Contractor shall ensure that all electrical equipment supplied by BP for installation in hazardous areas is installed in the correct location in accordance with the contract drawings. cable glands.2 5. Where there is any conflict with these requirements the Contractor shall report immediately to BP for a decision regarding remedial action. The relevant specification for types of protection ‘n’ is IEC Publication 79-13 and the general specification for types of protection ‘N’ is BS 6941. Equipment which has been manufactured and certified in a country other that the country of installation should be checked to ensure that the equipment has been tested at the voltage and frequency of use as otherwise the temperature rise may be excessive. as defined in EN standard 50-014. Any ancillary equipment. ‘e’ and ‘s’.3 5. understand the characteristics of the types of protection of electrical equipment for use in such areas. the position of the electrical equipment in relation to other plant should be in accordance with the requirements of its certification and the associated Code of Practice. In zone 2 hazardous areas only equipment of types of protection ‘d’. ‘s’ ‘N’ or ‘n’ shall be used. therefore. In zone 1 hazardous areas only equipment of types of protection ‘d’.g.5 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 11 .1 The Contractor will be issued with drawings showing the hazardous area classification of the plant or installation. e. All other personnel shall be fully qualified and competent tradesmen who have been trained in installation work in hazardous areas and. Where relevant.
51 respectively. Section 102. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 12 .and type ‘N’ luminaires are BS 5000 Part 16 and BS 4533.
an estimate of the total power requirements for construction. In the UK the system and use of electricity shall also comply with BS CP 1017. When the Contract Documents place responsibility on the Contractor for providing construction site power supplies. due to space restrictions. When the Contract Document place responsibility on BP for the supply of construction power this estimate will be used by BP for the provision of supplies by one of the above methods. The power system for construction site power supplies shall be designed and installed in accordance with BP Group RP 12-1 and RP 12-19. separate estimates of power supply requirements shall be provided for onshore construction and offshore construction.3 6.2 6.6 Any part of the construction supply electrical distribution system or any electrical equipment used for construction which may be energised or used after the plant or part of the plant has been commissioned and which may then be in a potentially hazardous area shall be certified for use in that area. For the construction of offshore platforms. modules are in close proximity to one another. * CONSTRUCTION SITE POWER SUPPLIES 6. 6. this estimate shall be used for the purpose of either negotiating the provision of power supplies from an existing BP supply system or a power supply authority or providing temporary generating plant.5 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 13 . Supplies to equipment from socket outlets shall comply with BP Group RP 12-17. all temporary site accommodation and associated domestic services.6. including if applicable. 6.4 6.1 The Contractor shall produce for BP approval. This applies particularly in offshore situations where. the Guidance Note G524 published by the Health and Safety Executive and the IEE Wiring Regulations for Electrical Installations.
4 7. WIRING AND INSTALLATION OF CABLES 7.1 General All cables. or are supplementary to. steelwork.7. block access ways or prevent removal of equipment. which might be subject to deterioration at some point along its route.g.1.. Overhead cable routes will have be selected to avoid areas subject to both spillage and fire risk.1. ducting etc. e. The exposed armouring should be protected by a fire and corrosion resistant coating. ladders and tracking shown on the drawings to ensure that no conflict exists between them and any other equipment.1. the requirements of the above. or that they do not cause any hazard to personnel. No deviation shall be made from the cable routes shown on the Contract Drawings without BP Site Management approval.1. * 7. Underground cable routes detailed in the Specification Documents and Drawings will have been selected to avoid areas likely to be subject to product contamination from spillage.1.5 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 14 .1 7. the Contractor shall check the locations of cable tray. The drainage point shall be made by cutting an annular ring from the outer plastic sheath. shall be treated to provide a visible drainage point near the termination at each end. and thereby permit migration of flammable or corrosive substances along the interstices of the armouring. piping. CABLES.3 * 7. Cables having an outer homogeneous corrosion protective outer sheath. Where cable is installed overhead. Where problems arise BP Site management shall be consulted. PVC.2 The Contractor shall be responsible for ensuring that cables are installed in accordance with the Contract Drawings and cable schedules. 7. Cables for each circuit shall be of the type and size specified for that circuit. cable systems and wiring shall comply with:(a) (b) (c) (d) BP Group RP 12-13 BP Group RP 24-1 BP Group RP 24-2 BP Group GS 112-12 The clauses in this section of this document either make reference to. This is of particular importance offshore where fire retardant or fire resistant cables are specified. at a position so that any leakage that may occur does not create a hazard. Cable routes not detailed on contract drawings shall also comply with the above and be agreed with BP Site Management. however.
8 7. Connecting cables shall be so routed and/or of a type appropriate for the duty. 7. Cables shall not be handled or installed when the ambient temperature is below 2°C unless agreed with BP Site Management. etc. The bending radius of a cable shall not be less than the manufacturers recommended minimum.1. When cable is supplied in drum lengths nominated for particular circuits it is the Contractor's responsibility to ensure that the cable is used for the nominated circuits. Other types shall be compounded and taped. 7. mining type flexible armoured cable could be used for motors on slide rails. Exposed cut ends of paper insulated cable shall be capped by plumbing. e. 7. motor driven in-line pumps.1.12 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 15 . normal maintenance and adjustment without unduly stressing the cable and/or cable terminations.1.g.1. or rise through covered trenches.7 Storage and handling of cable before and during installation is to be carried out with due regard to manufacturer’s recommendations.7. motors on slide rails. they shall be provided with adequate mechanical protection in the form of metallic sleeves or kick plates projecting not less than 150 mm (6 in) above floor level. sheaths. e.1.11 Where cables pass through floors.1.1. The arrangement of the connection must permit freedom of equipment movement under all operating conditions. Under no circumstances shall metal levers or tools be used in direct contact with cables during installation unless of a proprietary type specially designed for the purpose.g. Kick plates shall be so positioned as not to constitute a trip hazard. Cable drums shall be rotated only in the direction indicated by drum markings and open ends of cable are to be effectively sealed immediately after cutting to prevent the ingress of moisture. motor driven agitators. etc. In such * 7. At all times the utmost care is to be exercised to avoid damaging the protective sheathing of cable or of causing excessive bending or twisting which may result in bird caging of wire armour and/or damage to core insulation. and easy replacement. but the use of cables enclosed in flexible conduit is not normally permitted. or jointing of the cable is otherwise specifically authorised by BP Site Management.10 Cables shall be run in continuous unbroken lengths and joints will not be permitted unless the route length exceeds the maximum manufactured drum length.9 * 7.6 Certain items of electrical plant and machinery are subject to movement and/or vibration during operation and subsequent maintenance.
preferably approved by the cable manufacturer. PVC. but irrespective of this the final arrangement shall be agreed with BP Site Management.1. A procedure shall be agreed with BP Site Management. Each set of single core cables comprising a three phase circuit shall be run close together and under no circumstances shall ferrous metal be interposed between the single core cables. only those of an agreed type and materials obtained from agreed suppliers will be permitted. The arrangements for clamping single core cables in three phase circuits requires special attention.16 Unless otherwise specified. at 30 metre intervals over the entire route length. shall include non-ferrous armouring. e.1.circumstances handling and installation will only be permitted following an adequate period of storage at a relatively high temperature and provided the installation can be completed within a specified time. Under no circumstances shall improvised devices be used for clamping cables in Trefoil formation. Trefoil formation shall be used for each three phase group of single core cables and this requirement will be relaxed only where it is impractical. particularly when they form part of an electrical network with a high prospective short circuit rating. * 7. and if laid direct in the ground and/or if unsupported over any part of their entire length. The utmost care shall be exercised when installing such cables to ensure that they are correctly allocated to their specified duty. at all points where it enters or leaves ducts and buildings and at each change in direction. and the work shall be carried out under the direct supervision of a competent person.g. 7. or other special material shall carry distinctive markings as indicated in the Job Specification. Details of the clamping and bonding arrangements will generally be fully covered in the Job Specification. For identification purposes cable having a protective outer sheath of PVC.1.14 * 7.1. When single core cables are used for three phase circuits special attention shall be given to minimising the likelihood and effects of circulating currents in the lead sheaths and/or non-ferrous armouring. due to mutual induction.15 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 16 . * 7. polythene. Insulated glands for cable terminations should be fitted at one end and must be assembled and tested strictly in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. each cable shall be fitted with indestructible identification bands at each end.13 Catenary support of cable will not be permitted unless all other methods of installation are impractical and then only with the specific authorisation of BP Site Management. Unless otherwise specified single core cables shall be provided with an outer protective sheath..
1. Underground Cable Installation Cable Installed Directly in the Ground Cables installed directly in the ground for the whole or part of the route should incorporate a lead sheath unless otherwise Specified by BP. unless otherwise stated in the Job Specification.2. since this will have been selected as one unlikely to suffer contamination.2 Cables shall be surrounded by not less than 50 mm (2 in) of washed sand. Covers shall be of the standard interlocking type laid directly above the 50 mm (2 in) fill of screened material and shall extend to the full width of the trench giving an overlap of at least 50 mm (2 in) beyond the outer cables.2 7. Cables without barriers must be laid without deviation from the specified or agreed route.2.1 * 7.3 In temperature climates the minimum depth of cover required from cable to finished grade shall. Site testing of cable installations shall be carried out in accordance with BP Group RP 32-2 Site Inspection.18 7.1 7.1. loam or sifted soil and protected by suitably sized concrete or earthenware cable covers.17 Cables shall be installed in accordance with manufacturers recommendations. be as follows:(i) (ii) Street lighting and telephone cables Power cables up to and including 1000 volts and control cables Power cables above 1000 volts 500mm 500mm 800mm (iii) If a pilot or control cable forms an integral part of a power circuit it shall be laid at the same depth and adjacent to the associated power cable.22.214.171.124.1. 7. It shall be the Contractor’s responsibility to obtain the cable manufacturer’s recommendations for the range of cables listed in the Contract cable schedules. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 17 . 7. The recommendations regarding minimum bending radius shall be strictly applied. For particular applications proven barrier materials other than lead may be permitted but must be agreed. If deviation is necessary for any reason authority must be obtained and the new route given written approval by BP Site Management.2. Testing and Pre-Commission of New Plant and in accordance with Appendix C of this document.
be installed with the assistance of a suitable winch.7 Drum jacks. 7. 7. Cable shall at no time be installed directly from a drum mounted on a moving vehicle. Unarmoured cable shall be installed by hand. Attention shall then be paid to ensuring that the depth of excavation .1.1 mm sieve and less than 20% passes through a 0. having an adjustable tensioning device and indicator.6 Armoured cable shall be installed with the aid of specially constructed rollers. if installed above frost level the grade of bedding shall be such that less than 40% passes through a 0.5 * 7. but larger cables may. with BP Site Management approval. The equipment shall be kept in a sound condition and be used in the approved manner. Where recommended by the manufacturer pulling eyes shall be fitted to the cable at the time of manufacture.2mm sieve. cables shall be installed either below the frost level or. Cables up to 38 mm (1 1/2in) diameter shall be installed by hand.8 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 18 .1.2. Underground cable routes shall be identified by concrete cable markers set into the ground to project approximately 300 mm (12 in) above grade.1. Infilling of cable trenches shall be well compacted and the ground reinstated to its original grade and finish. cable rollers and other equipment shall be of the correct type and size for each drum and cable laid. before backfilling as detailed above for the initial bedding.2. and/or sand/cement mixes shall be strictly adhered to at all times. The markers are to be positioned at 30 metre (100 ft. Any specific instructions included in the Job Specification and drawings in respect of special additives. Cable stockings shall be sized to the cable and fitted in a correct manner. The infill shall be free from large stones or other injurious objects to a level at least 150 mm (6 in) above the protection covers.2.1. is appropriately greater than the frost maximum penetration depth.7.) intervals on straight runs and at points where the route changes direction. action must be taken in agreement with Site Management on the corrective measures to be adopted. The thermal conductivity of bedding and infill material for cable trenches and troughs must be established before use.2. operated by a trained and competent operator.4 In areas where wet sand/soil is liable to frost action.2.1. Under no circumstances is the maximum permitted tension for the type and size of cable to be exceeded. Cable 7. Where thermal conductivity of the material is lower than anticipated and below the value on which cable ratings and grouping factors have been determined. as indicated in the Job Specification.
for installation of direct buried cable shall be adhered to insofar as it becomes equally applicable when the cable is installed in a prepared concrete trench. Care shall be taken when replacing trench covers to ensure that they are not dropped and that they are properly positioned and seated. and this should include a temporary fence around the local area at an appropriate distance from the coiled cable. Relevant procedure included under Sub-Section 7. 126.96.36.199. trenches shall be back filled with clean sand and the covers replaced. Cable Installed in Concrete Trenches (Including Troughs) The installation of cables in trenches or troughs shall comply with BP Group RP 12-13.2. suitable protected against damage. * 7. Alternatively such cable may be left on the drum which must be lowered from its jacks.9 The installation of direct buried cables shall not be commenced until the entire route has been excavated and prepared ready to receive the cable.2.2. Responsibility for covers damaged or 7.3.2. Trenches wider than 1 metre shall be indicated by markers mounted on each side of the trench at the intervals specified. Clauses 5.3.3 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 19 .5.2 7. 5.10 Accurate and detailed records of all buried cables are to be prepared in duplicate by the Contractor as each section of cable laying proceeds. A copy of these records shall be submitted to BP Site Management. The trenches shall then be cleared of all foreign material and left free of obstruction.3. 188.8.131.52. duct and trench sections.2.trenches less than 1 metre wide shall be provided with single markers on the centre line of the run.4. Recorded information shall include dimensioned trench positions.2. 5.1. This information will subsequently be transferred to permanent “As Installed” drawings by the Contractor or as otherwise detailed in the Job Specification.1 7.2 7. firmly anchored and the immediate area fenced. Similar markers suitable inscribed shall be used to indicate the position of underground joints. Before installing cable the concrete covers shall be removed and laid clear of the cable pulling area. Where such procedure is impracticable a detailed programme of laying shall be agreed with BP Site Management.2. indicating the circuits installed and the location of underground joints taken by measurement from fixed and permanent landmarks. When existing trenches are used to accommodate additional cables any fill shall be carefully removed to the level of the existing cables and new bedding prepared.2.2. In all cases when cable is left exposed above ground it shall be coiled.4 On completion of cable laying.
2.3 7. When installing bends care shall be taken to ensure that the joints are fully engaged.3.2.3. Draw wires shall be installed in each duct. If the ducts are to be haunched in concrete they shall be bound with an impervious tape to exclude ingress of the concrete.3 7. All ducting shall be temporarily sealed when not required for immediate use. manufactured earthenware bends of appropriate size and radius may be used having regard to overall diameter and the class of cables to be installed.5 7. Where trenches are located within plot limits of process areas or other locations subject to excessive spillage or washings the covers shall be effectively sealed or trenches floated over with a coloured weak cement mix as detailed in the Job Specification.2. Before cables are installed into ducts the duct line is to be proved clear of obstruction with the use of a wooden mandrel or by rodding.4 7. 7. shall be followed insofar as they are applicable to cables being installed in ducts. 7. The procedures detailed under Sub-Section 7.2.Cables Installed Direct in the Ground.broken during cable laying operations shall rest entirely with the Contractor who shall replace them.7 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 20 .3. The use of split ducting is prohibited except under special circumstances and with the approval of BP Site Management.g.2. In general all ducts shall be haunched in concrete and be socket and spiggot type of earthenware or non-bituminous fibre. 7.1 .2.2 For single runs or otherwise at the discretion of BP Site Management.3. railway crossings or where adequate depth of lay cannot be obtained. The overall length of ducts and pipe crossings shall extend at least 300 mm (12 in) beyond the limits of the area requiring ducts.1 Cables Installed in Ducts Application and design of duct systems shall comply with the Job Specification and drawings.6 7. In cases where the use of split ducting has been authorised all joints shall be correctly fitted and the ducts bound in an approved manner.184.108.40.206. a single length of steel pipe shall be used. e. In special circumstances.3.3.
1.3 7.8 When ducts are allocated to specific circuits in the Job Specification or drawings these positions shall be strictly adhered to.1. On minor cable routes involving both power and instrumentation cables where it is impractical to route more than one rack level.9 7. Care shall be taken to maintain the segregation distances between power and instrumentation cables specified in BP Group RP 30-8. Cables shall be allocated to racks in the particular grouping arrangement detailed in the Contract Specification and. Section.3.3.1. Unless already specified in the contract documents the Contractor shall obtain BP approval of the proposed material. where specified.220.127.116.11 * 18.104.22.168. Where due to space restrictions it is impractical to maintain these distances a segregation distance of 300 mm is adequate for all but very low signal level instrument action circuits but BP approval shall be obtained for all departures from the distances specified in BP Group RP 30-8. The material used for cable trays and ladder racks shall be selected from those listed in BP Group RP 12-13 Section 4. Pilot and/or control cables shall not be installed together with a power cable in the same duct and in general each duct shall carry a single power cable. the instrumentation cables shall be installed on one side and power cables on the other.4.3.1 7.1.5 7. the racks shall be colour coded. using ferrules of the non-split cylindrical type.2 7. Ducts shall be sealed at both ends immediately after installation of the cable and spare ducts shall be sealed with soft wood plugs. on point with individual number/letter combinations.1. or other agreed material.3 7. In cases where deviation from the practice is necessary the matter shall be referred to BP Site Management. otherwise duct banks shall be filled from the bottom upwards and spare ways left unobstructed at the top of the bank.6 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 21 .3. precisely and indelibly identified at each terminal. All cable cores shall be clearly.2. Cable Installed Above Ground (Onshore) Or Above Deck (Offshore) General All above ground/deck cable installations shall comply with BP Group RP 12-13. 7.3.1 * 7.3.
3.3. Where possible these shall be of pre-fabricated 7.8 * 7. Support Steelwork and Fixings The Contractor shall provide all supports necessary for mounting cable trays and cable ladders. Nylon 11 or 12 ties are preferred to the polypropylene type on the grounds of greater tensile strength. e. The tags shall be fixed with EVA or PVC coated stainless steel ties. table 4.1. Cable ties shall be selected from those listed in BP Group RP 12-13 Clause 4. channel or angle supports fitted between the main cable run and the equipment. Cables which leave main tray or ladder routes for connection to individual items of equipment shall be installed on tray. a system of double identification coding shall be used at the point of connection.10 * 7.4. For all multicore cables.3. Electrical continuity shall be maintained between sections of cable tray or ladder by the use of flanged fish plates.1.1. at connections between equipment of different manufacture.3. 7.7.1 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 22 .3. Similar tags shall be attached to the cables at either side of a transit unit or cable duct and at specified intervals over the entire length of cable. by the use of non-corodable identification tags.12. Where not specified the Contractor shall obtain BP agreement to the proposed tagging interval.2.3. Any proposals to increase the spacing distances shall be subject to BP approval. the cable core identification shall be made up three parts: numbering from the terminal block these are:(a) (b) (c) the terminal number the core number the cable number 7. the Contractor shall obtain BP approval to his proposed material.22.214.171.124.1.g. and between the tray or ladder and the main structure.3. Where not specified. other than power cables.7 Where core numbers change.11 Cables shall be securely cleated or tied to trays or ladders at the spacing specified in BP Group RP 12-13 clause 4.2 * 7. either through earthed support steelwork or by earthing cable connections to the main structure at each end of the tray or ladder run.1.13 7.10.12 7.9 All cables shall be identified at each gland termination by their allocated number as indicated on the cable schedules.1.
Normally all supports shall be made from steel in accordance with BS 4360 and shall be hot dipped galvanised to BS 729 or similar national standard. The cable tray or ladder installation and support system shall be such that the maximum deflection between supports with maximum cable loading does not normally exceed 1/180 of the span. any brackets required for such fixings shall be installed before the fireproofing material is applied. small power distributions boards etc.3. otherwise fabricated from steel channel. when provided.2. all supports for such items as bus-ducting. shall be ISO metric threaded and of stainless steel.2. * 7.3. When the fixing of electrical equipment. All sharp edges shall be de-burred. All drillings shall be made with minimum tolerances. In particularly corrosive environments other support materials may be specified or considered but shall be subject to BP approval. In addition the Contractor shall provide.construction supplied by the tray or ladder manufacturer. lighting fittings. Shake proof spring washers shall be fitted to all bolted connections. control push button stations. These shall also be of proprietary manufacture where possible.2.8 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 23 .6 * 7.3 * 7.3.3. or alternatively obtain BP approval to his proposed mounting arrangements. vessels. pipelines or structures * 7. socket outlets. nuts and washers.7 Structural steel or pre-cast concrete members shall not be drilled for any reason unless specifically authorised on Contract Drawings or by BP Site Management. etc. Consideration must be given to the likelihood of heat conduction through such fixings causing damage to the fireproofed member and appropriate safeguarding action taken in agreement with BP Site Management. tray or trunking to fireproofed members cannot be avoided.5 * 7. angle or tube.2. where necessary. All fixing bolts.4 7.2 Site fabricated steel supports and brackets shall be properly fabricated and fitted. Alternatively. prefabricated clamping brackets may be accepted subject to approval by BP. Under no circumstances shall welding or fixing operations be carried out on any process plant equipment.2. Fixing should be by means of clamping brackets. The Contractor shall provide such supports in accordance with Contract detail drawings.3. to avoid onsite fabrication.3. Any increase in designed deflection shall be agreed by BP.2. 7.3. and subject to the nature of the fireproofing.2.
metal sheath (if applicable) and armouring. The terminations for high voltage cables referred to in BP Group RP 12-13 Clause 4. SIRA or equivalent body in other countries) for use with the type of cable and type of explosion proof equipment.2 126.96.36.199. Jointing and termination of high voltage cables shall be carried out or supervised by specialists.). clause 4.6. BASEEFA. pressure switches and solenoid valves etc. Cable glands shall have ISO metric threads and shall be fitted with weather proof shrouds of PVC or other plastics material suitable for the environment. the joints shall be proved by resistance measurement to maintain the electrical ratings of the cable conductor.3.8 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 24 . All cable joints and terminations shall be carried out strictly in accordance with the cable manufacturers’ recommendations.5 7.e.3. preferably from cable manufacturers. by the use of purpose built clamps.4 Cable glands for termination at equipment in hazardous areas shall have component approval by a recognised certifying authority (e. Glands entering enclosures where a single diaphragm or seal separates the enclosure from a hydrocarbon process shall be barrier types (i. Prior to insulation of jointed conductors and earth continuity bonds.3.3. with particular regard to the jointing or termination materials and procedure proposed. have already been provided or. 7.3.4 shall incorporate voltage stress relief cones at voltages above 5kV.1 Cable jointing and Termination Jointing and termination of cables shall comply with BP Group RP 1188.8.131.52.6 7. The Contractor shall be required to provide written confirmation of this or otherwise satisfy BP Site Management. 7.3.3 7. etc. when agreed by BP.7 7.3.3. All jointing and termination of power cables shall be carried out by fully trained and competent tradesmen who have passed an approved course of instruction and training in such work for the operating voltage level involved.unless specifically indicated on the Contract Drawings or authorised by BP Site Management. 184.108.40.206. 7.3.g.3. Fixings to the above shall normally be made where brackets.
3.11 7. Serrated washers shall be deemed to be adequate to guarantee earth continuity when the glands are fitted to painted sheet steel enclosures. Raised insulated barriers shall be inserted between groups of terminals intended for wiring on different voltages.3. The Contractor shall provide the number of transit frames and tiers for each penetration position by reference to the schedule of cable transits.3.10 7. Cable Transits On on-shore installations. Terminals in marshalling boxes shall be arranged so that 10% spare ways shall be furnished.3. to allow for reasonable future modifications or additions.14 7. or through a fire wall leading directly from a safe area to a hazardous area.3. Individual cores of cables up to and including 10mm2 shall be terminated on screw clamp/pressure plate type equipment terminals.4.3.13 7.1 7. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 25 .4. shall be fitted with approved proprietary cable transits or gland plates.3.7. one incoming and one outgoing conductor.3. Brass earth tag washers may be used where serrated washers are not practical and a cable connection shall be made from the washer to the gland plate.3.12 7.15 7. This is to guarantee the earth continuity between the gland body/cable armour and the enclosure.3.3. The spare cores of control and instrumentation cables shall be terminated at both ends. On off-shore installations all bulkhead and deck penetrations by cables shall be carried out using agreed proprietary multi-cable transits.3.3. If more than one conductor has to be terminated at the same point then several terminals shall be used and proprietary metal links used to interconnect the ways. No more than two conductors shall be connected to any one terminal.3. All terminal blocks shall preferably be of Melamine insulating material. The link shall not occupy the same place as the conductor.2 7.3.3. and between individual phases of a three phase supply.16 7. The Contractor shall determine the quantity (including spares) and 7.4.9 Where cables are terminated by glands into GRP enclosures having threaded entries and internal earth continuity plates.3. in spare terminal ways or at earth terminals.3.4 7.3. cables which pass from a pressurised enclosure.e. a heavy gauge locknut and serrated washer shall be used. or metallic enclosures having clearance holes.3.3. i.
provide and install the necessary transit insert blocks and frame accessories. with letters of at least 50mm height. All transits shall be identified by weatherproof labels on either side of their penetration. The labels shall preferably be fixed to adjacent racking and be easily readable from the deck below.10 7. roofs and floors to the open * 7. A minimum of 25% spare ways shall be allowed in each penetration location.11 220.127.116.11 7. as determined from the drawings and cable schedule. cables when passing through transits.7 from a safe area to a hazardous area through blast walls through fire walls through walls.4. Mineral Insulated Copper Sheath (MICS) Cable 7. shall be ‘finger tight’ to allow any offshore installation to be made later and prevent the insert blocks premature loss of elasticity.4.6 Care shall be taken to continue the trefoil formation of single core a.3. The ways allocated for offshore cabling.3.3.3. Transits shall always be used where cables pass:(a) (b) (c) (d) 7. after completing the onshore installation. Spare ways in transit frames shall be filled with blank filling blocks.3. 7.3.4. insert block and spare block sizes.12 18.104.22.168.4. The Contractor shall prepare drawings for the transits.4.5 7. shall also be indicated.5 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 26 .3.3. Non-magnetic brass stayplates are required within the transits and each trefoil group shall pass through the same transit frame.c. Cables passing through transits must be perpendicular to the transit for a minimum distance of 100mm on each side of the transit.4 Transits shall be located in the positions indicated on the drawings.8 7. If the Contractor can show valid reasons for the use of bulkhead or deck penetrations other than those indicated on the drawings then he shall obtain prior approval from BP Site Management before installation. The clamping of the transit. to co-ordinate the positions of cables passing through and indicating the cable number.4. The Contractor shall be responsible for the cutting of all bulkhead and welding plates and the welding of all transit frames into position.
3.5.c.1. circuits is agreed by BP Site Management.5.15. or its use for a. Cable that has become uneven. The use of aluminium sheathed and/or aluminium conductor mineral insulated cable is normally prohibited.8 * 7.c.5.2 7. may be permitted. All circuits employing MICS cable except final sub-circuits of lighting installations shall be identified.g.5.1 MICS cable shall be installed and terminated by tradesmen who are trained and experienced in this class of work. The Contractor may be required to furnish written confirmation in this respect or otherwise satisfy BP Site Management accordingly. e. but written authority must be obtained from BP Site Management unless already covered in the Contract Documents. Restrictions are applied in the use of MICS cable and limitations on it’s use in the special situations detailed below shall be strictly adhered to:(a) MIC Cable shall not be used between discharge type lighting fittings and associated control equipment unless approved by BP Site Management and an appropriate surge suppressor has been correctly positioned in the circuit. 7.3. where no other type of cable is suitable.4 7.7 7.6 22.214.171.124. to the possible need for surge diverters in the circuit. When MICS Cable is specified.3. It’s use for a particular installation. work hardened or otherwise unworkable or damaged during installation shall be replaced by the Contractor.3.3. power circuits or d.3.5.5. MICS cable with or without a protective sheath shall not be buried in the ground or installed in sand filled trenches.3.1 shall be adhered to insofar as it becomes equally applicable when routing and installing MICS cable.9 (b) GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 27 .5. The installation of MICS cable for trace heating application shall be carried out strictly in accordance with the cable makers instructions and the construction drawings. Single core MICS cables which are installed to form a three phase power circuit shall comply with requirements included under Clause 7.3 * 7. special consideration must be given if inductive load switching is involved.7. Relevant procedure included under Sub-Section 7.5 7.5.
11 Saddling shall be carried out using manufactured saddles obtained from the cable maker or purpose made saddles made up from the cable maker or purpose made saddles made up for PVC coated aluminium or copper strip.5.3.14 7. unless installed in trunking shall be straight and then saddled. Straightening shall be carried out using a purpose made tool as supplied by the cable manufacturer for this purpose or by dressing the cables in situ with a hide or wooden mallet.5.5. certified for the area of installation. The use of nylon or similar non metallic strip shall be restricted to horizontal runs where the saddle simply serves the function of holding the cable in position and not supporting it. Care shall be exercised in performing this operation to ensure that damage is not inflicted on either the cable sheath or outer protective sheath.3. through joints shall comprise Jointing sleeves and the appropriate accessories supplied by the cable manufacturer specially for this purpose.3. The minimum radius of bends and sets shall be in accordance with the Manufacturers recommendations but shall not be less than six times the overall diameter of the cable. and then with the approval of BP Site Management. glands. Glands of the knurled type are not acceptable. Cable.3. 7.5. After completion the joint shall be protected with a sleeve of similar material to the cable outer sheath.15 7. Glands shall be of hexagon type and when applicable be certified for use in the hazardous area concerned. 7. * 7. Damaged cables may be repaired by through jointing only when a complete replacement is impractical.3. In safe areas.5. sleeving. in the manner described below. In hazardous areas through joints shall be effected by using adequately sized junction boxes.5.3. 7.3.12 Bending and setting of cable is to be carried out in a neat manner with bends of a consistent radius and of all dimensions to ensure that the copper sheath does not wrinkle on the inner radius of the bend.16 7.5. pot seals.3.5. tools and all other accessories used together must be fully compatible and supplied by the same manufacturer.7.17 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 28 .13 Through joints shall not be used unless the route length exceeds the maximum manufactured cable length. The mixing of components from different manufacturers is prohibited.10 All cable.
The correct cold sealing compound is to be used and the pot filled in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. via threaded entries of metallic enclosures.20 126.96.36.199 Terminations shall.5. Terminating glands clamped to nonthreaded entries by the use of locknuts are unacceptable for the purpose of maintaining earth continuity. Hot seals and those employing special sealing mediums shall be installed strictly in accordance with special procedure issued by the cable manufacturer. The earth bonding tails must be properly terminated on earthed terminals provided for the purpose within the enclosures. or in the case of wedge type fittings.5.5. The conductors of cables shall be terminated in a manner suitable for the terminal arrangement of the equipment concerned. In all cases except where positive earth continuity can be correctly maintained.015 in2 ) and above shall be fitted with compression lugs or alternatively cone grip lugs where space permits.5.3.g. and conductors of 10mm2 (0. The sealing compound is to be fully compressed and the closing disc correctly crimped into position. cable end seals with earth bonding tails must be used. etc.3. Copper swarf and surplus insulant is to be removed before sealing. e.21 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 29 . whenever possible.g. (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) 7. or sleeving recommended by the cable manufacturer is to be used. The manufacturer’s recommendations for excluding moisture from the cable immediately prior to making an end seal termination shall be rigidly observed. 7.7. be made using cold pot seals supplied by the cable manufacturer and care is to be taken in respect of the following procedures:(a) The pot is to be contained in the gland body and shall not protrude into the equipment. conductors are to be insulated with neoprene sleeving or where connections are made into high temperature enclosures e. silicone rubber.19 At terminations. these shall be correctly fitted in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. tungsten fittings. The pot is to be effectively screwed onto the cable sheath and its self cutting thread fully engaged.
in addition to requirements under clause 7. and other area’s where the formation of condensate may occur. and fitted with Stopper Boxes as required. Whenever possible conduit fittings shall be manufactured from malleable cast iron and for outdoor installations they shall be hot dipped galvanised and of weatherproof design.3. Conduit shall not be installed directly in the ground or in sand filled trenches.6.7. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 30 . 7.6. The conduit shall be adequately sized to accommodate the total number of circuits involved without overcrowding and in no case shall conduit of less than 20mm bore be employed.188.8.131.52. Particular care shall be exercised in this connection to ensure that no equipment containing live parts is connected so that it can act as a drain point for all or part of the system.3.4 7.5 The conduit system shall be electrically and mechanically continuous throughout and rigidly secured before wiring is commenced.6.3. UK practice shall be applied.3 7.6 7.6. In countries which are not covered by national and/or local regulations.3.6. the installation shall. Installations within the UK shall comply with the IEE Regulations for Electrical Installations.g.3. Conduit for installations in hazardous areas shall be solid drawn. 7. For plant installations. hot dipped galvanised screwed steel conduit shall be used. The use of welded seam conduit or flame retardant heavy gauge plastic conduit to BS 4607 Part 1 and BS 6099 Part 2 is acceptable for other areas.1 Conduit Installations Conduit systems shall be designed and installed in compliance with appropriate regulations and codes of practice in force in the area of operation concerned.3.6. 15th Edition. heavy gauge. 7. An adequate number of draw-in boxes shall be installed to facilitate wiring without strain or damage to the cable.1 also comply with the requirements of the current issue of the British Standard Code of Practice BS 5345 or the appropriate Code of the country concerned.2 Where a conduit system is to be installed wholly or in part in an area which is classified as hazardous. The conduit shall be installed in a manner which provides an adequate fall to ensure that the system drains to the drain points. conduit systems shall be provided with drain points. E. In all outdoor locations.
1..6. Conduit threads shell be cleanly cut to a finished length that leaves the minimum exposed length of thread when finally fitted. In hazardous areas they shall be certified for use in the relevant area.3. S-1962 the glands shall be insulated from earth.11 7. All exposed bare metal shall be cleaned and protected against corrosion using materials that are compatible with the original protective coating.3. Cables and Wiring for Instrument Systems Cables and wiring for instrument systems shall comply with BP Group RP 30-1.6. The junction boxes shall be adequately sized and fitted with fixed connector blocks fully rated for the circuit requirement.3. Bends and sets formed in conduit shall be made in the approved manner and without indentation or alteration of the conduit section. The type.3. Connections made into high temperature enclosures e.4 7.4. The use of running couplers in installations in Zone 1 areas is prohibited and conduit unions shall be used. 7.6.3. etc.3.6. Threads shall be checked for correct size using an appropriate gauge. Wiring in conduit shall be looped from point to point and where joints are unavoidable they shall be made in junction boxes.1.12 7.9 7.g. grade or class of cable for conduit installation shall comply with requirements shown in the Job Specification.10 7. Locknuts shall be used at all entries and be fully tight.8 7.* 7.7 Flexible conduit will only be permitted when authorised by BP Site Management and then only when the use of flexible armoured cable is impractical. The bend radius shall be not less than that shown under the appropriate regulations referred to under 184.108.40.206. The leading edge and bore shall be made smooth. shall be made with silicone rubber insulated cable or other high temperature cable as may be agreed for the application concerned.6. tungsten lighting fittings. Where indicated on BP Standard Drawing No.1 7.4. Cable glands shall be of the mechanical compression type Where used for terminating armoured and/or lead sheathed cables the gland shall include integral facilities for securing and bonding the armour and lead sheath.2 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 31 .13 7.
size.5.5. The cable drumming schedule shall be carefully prepared to minimise wastage of cables.5 7.5.3 7. The Contractor shall closely liaise with BP Site Management to ensure that.4 7.5. Records shall be kept of all cable requests to BP.5 7. This schedule shall be handed to BP Site Management at the end of the contract.7. no delays are experienced in cable installation due to material shortage.2 7. 7. Kardex) to record actual lengths of cable removed from the drum.6 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 32 .1 Cable Records The Contractor shall prepare a cable drumming schedule which shall be kept up to date during the contract period.g. The Contractor shall maintain an up-to-date record of all cables installed by marking up a copy of the computer cable schedule to indicate where variations in length.5. the drum reference and the purpose for which each length is used.5. by forward planning of requirements. number of conductors and destinations occur. The Contractor shall also institute a recording system (e.
7 8. where applicable. Before any switchgear is installed.8.6 8. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 33 .1.4 8. All panel sections shall be mounted in the correct sequence as shown on vendor’s and contract drawings and all circuit designation labels shall be checked for correct identification. It is recommended that the vendor’s representative should be present during installation. INSTALLATION OF ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT 8. and particularly during all stages of positioning. The Contractor shall be responsible for familiarising himself with the vendor’s information regarding installation and testing requirements. relay panels. motor control centres. if required.1.1. The manufacturer’s representative shall supervise and check the tightness of bolted connections within the equipment and ensure the tightness of all bus-bar connections.1. including correct alignment and connections of inter-connecting bus-bar sections between motor control centres and switchgear. the Contractor shall ensure that all decking and supporting steelwork is completely installed. to maintain switchboard rigidity and alignment. use only the special tools and equipment supplied by the Vendors and shall ensure that such tools are available in good condition for later use by others. On offshore platforms mild steel plinths welded to the deck shall be provided. and is in accordance with the drawings.1. Switchgear In this Specification.1. All switchgear supplied by the Contractor shall comply with BP Group RPs 12-6 and 12-7 for high voltage and low voltage switchgear respectively. The Contractor shall. alignment and levelling. Particular care shall be taken when using jacks or lifting gear so as to avoid distorting or damaging equipment and only the vendor provided jacking and lifting parts shall be used.1.3 8. also with BP Group GSs 112-8 and 112-9.2 8. The switchgear and motor control centre sections shall be tightly and rigidly bolted together.1. the term switchgear includes high voltage and low voltage switchgear.5 8.1.1 8. 8. electrical control panels and main fused distribution boards but not small power and lighting sub-distribution boards.8.
1.1. or other mounting steelwork shall be installed within the tolerances specified by the manufacturers.g. the Contractor shall install it in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations.16 8. e. Withdrawable portions of the switchgear and motor control centres shall be checked for correct mating with the stationary portions and correct function of locking devices before the switchboard is commissioned.17 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 34 .8.g. Control Stations. The floor area in front of all withdrawable equipment shall be within the manufacturer’s recommended level tolerances to enable easy withdrawal and replacement.9 Switchboard sole plates. Local Control Stations shall always be mounted adjacent to their respective equipment.1. If installed on a concrete surface the mounting steelwork shall be installed electrically clear of floor reinforcing metal work.3mm over the whole area. etc.1.1. The Contractor shall be responsible for locating all minor equipment not otherwise located on the drawings e. Junction Boxes. All distribution boards shall be provided with an interior sub circuit identification schedule to indicate the equipment served.1. support steelwork and if applicable offshore deck or bulkhead penetrations.14 8.1. Final locations shall suit site conditions and be subject to approval of BP. The stored packing can be use for repacking on shipment offshore.13 * 8. and strictly to the contract drawings with regard to route locations. The schedule shall be completed by the Contractor prior to tow out. steel struts. All packing material and constraints shall be removed carefully and stored and the complete equipment thoroughly cleaned.1. all of which will be supplied in bits for site assembly:(a) (b) (c) air insulated copper bar assemblies sleeved copper bar assemblies encapsulated copper bar assemblies 8. floor screed below the switchboard and any truck run-out area shall be level within + or .10 8. Bus ducting will be any one of the following types. for connecting transformers to switchgear.15 8.11 8. Where bus-ducting is issued.12 8.1.
free from any distortion along its length and does not impose any strain on connected terminals or equipment. the manufacturer should also supply all support assemblies.1.All bus ducting systems should be supplied complete with butt right angled. tee and flexible inter-connecting kits and connection insulation kits as applicable.1. Motors All electric motors supplied by the Contractor shall comply with BP Group RP 12-11. all interconnections For encapsulated type bus ducting. as shown on the drawings and fire resistant protection applied to the bus ducting above and below the penetration in accordance with the manufacturer’s detailed recommendations.18 The Contractor shall be totally responsible for the installation of air insulated and sleeved copper bar types of bus ducting. Where bus ducting passes through A60 deck or bulkhead. or else fully protected against damage. unless otherwise agreed by BP. all bus duct 8. as applicable. They should also comply with BP Group GSs 112-3 and 112-4 for high voltage motors and low voltage motors respectively. After pre-commissioning tasks are completed. 8. certified seals shall be used.1.20 All bus-duct sections passing through deck or bulkhead penetrations and which require to be interconnected offshore shall be removed prior to tow-out. to the satisfaction of BP.19 8. After tow-out the Contractor shall:(a) (b) (d) install all interface connections tighten all bolted connections insulate. For encapsulated type bus ducting to be installed on offshore platforms the contractor shall interconnect (but NOT encapsulate interconnections) bus ducting onshore and shall ensure that the completed bus duct run is in proper alignment. interconnections shall be loosened prior to tow-out. the manufacturer’s representative shall supervise these activities. For encapsulated bus ducting.2 8. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 35 . The Contractor shall be responsible for the installation of encapsulated type bus ducting but under the supervision of the manufacturer’s representative. 8.2.1.
The following requirements are intended primarily for motors on non-packaged equipment. flow switches. great care must be taken to prevent damage during lifting operations and the Contractor shall ensure that the equipment is lifted in the horizontal or upright position. Baseplates shall be erected as part of the driven equipment and checked for level and location prior to the erection of machinery.2.2.2. The bedding shall be checked by the BP Representative.2.2.5 8. the bearing grease shall be inspected and if deterioration has taken place. are fully operative prior to commissioning. Where oil lubricating systems are employed.9 8.3 8. Protective films on machined surfaces shall be cleaned off with the recommended solvents. the Contractor shall enquire that bearing oil rings. 8. Motor shafts). pressure switches. Machinery shall be slung or lifted from the prescribed lifting positions or eyebolts fitted to the equipment. pumps.10 8. either immediately prior to installation (e. If no lifting points are provided. If machines with grease lubricated bearings have been stored for a long period. etc. Shims supplied with the equipment shall be used wherever possible for levelling that equipment.11 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 36 . mounting surfaces) or prior to commissioning (e.2.2. these are to be positioned.2. The maximum thickness of shim shall always be used to that the minimum number of shims are positioned under any one footing. dried and regreased using approved methods recommended by the manufacturer.g. Where separate bearing pedestals are supplied.4 8.g. are equally applicable to motors on packaged equipment.2.8. Coupling faces shall be truly parallel and level. Coupling bolts or flexible connections shall be properly fitted without damage and all nuts must be tightened and locked before the equipment is run.7 8. Shims shall be of similar size to the machined surfaces of the equipment footings.8 8. White metal bearings shall be checked to ensure adequate bedding using engineer’s blue or some other approved method of indication.6 8. but where relevant.2 Motors supplied on ‘packaged’ equipment will have been installed on the package and the package itself shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations. checks being made with the shafts rotated to different positions. the bearings shall be thoroughly washed. levelled and lined up prior to the installation of other equipment.2.
Transformers and Reactors Transformers and reactors supplied by the Contractor shall comply with BP Group RP 12-9 and BP Group GS 112-5.14 8.1 8. particularly in conditions subject to vibration. checks shall be made to ensure that the bus ducting connection can be made without imposing any stress on the bus-ducting copperwork or transformer terminal bushings. Where there are separate lifting facilities for tank tops. The phase sequences for the connection of motors shall be confirmed on site and it shall be ensured that at least two cable core connections at the motor terminal box can be interchanged without having to make off the cable again. Only the designated jacking and lifting points shall be used when the transformers are being put into position.2. The requirement of correct rotation is particularly important on high voltage motors and low voltage motors rated 75 KW and above because of the difficulties involved in manipulating large cable cores at a later date.3. When bus-ducting is used for connections to transformers and reactor terminals.2.12 Before connecting the supply to any motor.8.4 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 37 .2. the Contractor shall ensure that the motor insulation resistance is not below the minimum value permitted by applicable standards or the manufacturers data.16 8.3. and re-tested to ensure that resistances are satisfactory. The Contractor shall ensure that all transformers and reactors are installed in the location shown on the drawings and in accordance with the manufacturers drawings and recommendations. before the tank base is finally bolted or welded down. Care shall be exercised when insulation testing motors fitted with thermistor or thermocouple over-temperature protection.13 8.3. they shall be turned over at regular intervals to avoid brinelling of the bearings. cores and coils.3 8. Motors with insulation resistance lower than the permitted minimum value shall first be dried out in accordance with the manufacturers instructions.2.15 8. If motors with ball or roller bearings are left standing. 8. these shall be removed or rendered unuseable during transport and erection.2. before putting into service.3.3 8. These devices are essentially low voltage or signal devices and if subjected to higher voltage they will be irreparably damaged.2 8.
between HV and LV windings. the fluid level in transformers and colour of any breathing desiccants shall be checked and rectified where necessary. Protective clothing shall be provided for the installation personnel by the Contractor and the area must be well ventilated. When battery filling or handling is undertaken.8.3.7 8. 8.3. etc. every precaution shall be taken against the possible dangers of toxic fumes.3. transformer oil or other liquid insulant shall be checked/tested in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations. Batteries and charges shall not be left unattended whilst initial boost charging is being carried out. any transformer tap changer must be securely padlocked in its required position. hazard warning lights.8 8.2 Installation and preparation of batteries for commissioning shall be carried out in accordance with manufacturer’s shall be carried out in accordance with manufacturer’s recommendations.4 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 38 . Batteries. instrumentation dc supplies of control systems secure static ac supplies for control systems dc supplies for other duties such as emergency lighting. providing a source of:(a) (b) (c) (d) dc supplies for switchgear closing and tripping. heat and acid or alcali burns associated with battery electrolyte.5 When correctly located and inspected. an insulation test of all windings and connections shall be made.6 8.3 8.4. Battery Chargers and Inverters Batteries.1 Shall comply with BP Group RP 12-5 and BP Group GSs 112-10 and 112-220.127.116.11 8.4. A quantity of neutralising solution shall be readily available when batteries are handled or commissioned. battery chargers and invertors. 8.. On completion of the installation of all fittings and cables. an insulation test shall be carried out and recorded between each phase and earth and. Where applicable.9 8. Where applicable. which will vary with the type of battery and its delivered state of charge. etc. 8.4.3. Where applicable. emergency motor drives.
2 8.1 8. and the above Code of Practice.6. The design of the ESH system will have been carried out by others.1 the Contractor shall consult BP for a decision.6. S-1962.2 8. by radio frequency induction from radio transmitting aerials and radar equipment Earthing and bonding of instrumentation equipment and cabling 8.6.1 Electrical Surface Heating Electrical surface heating (ESH) equipment and systems shall comply with BP Group RP 12-15.6.6 8. Where there is any conflict between these requirements and those in Clause 8.5 8.4 and BP Standard Drawing No. but not be limited to:(a) (b) Earthing and bonding of power system neutral earthing Earthing and bonding of non-current carrying parts of electrical apparatus Earthing and bonding of process tanks and structures for lightning protection Earthing and bonding of process tanks. Earthing and bonding systems for electronic instrumentations. data collecting and data processing systems shall comply with BP Group RP 30-1. The Contractor shall be responsible for the installation of the equipment and system in accordance with the design specification and drawings.5. cranes. The earthing and bonding systems on offshore platforms shall also comply with the IEE Regulations for the Electrical and Electronic Equipment of Mobile and Fixed Offshore Installations Section 2.5. etc.5.4 (c) (d) (e) (f) GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 39 .3 8.8. pipework and structures to disperse static charging Earthing and bonding to disperse any charging of structures.6. Earthing and Bonding The Contractor shall be responsible for installing earthing and bonding systems in accordance with BP Group RP 12-16. The Contractors responsibility shall include. BP Group RP 30-8 Sect.3 8.
7 8. Light fitting heights shown on drawings may be nominal. lighting luminaires and socket outlets shall be installed in locations shown on the contract drawings.3 * 8. Control gear boxes shall be mounted adjacent to the fittings in a position easily accessible for maintenance and repair.7. All emergency hand lamps. Where applicable they shall also comply with the IEE recommendations for the Electrical and Electronic Equipment of Mobile and Fixed Offshore Installations.5 Protective screening around insulated conductors on cables emanating from a master station to outstations or field mounted instruments shall be earthed at the master station only and shall be insulated from the outstations or field mounted measuring devices.5 8. all light fittings shall be positioned to provide safe access for lamp changing. relocate luminaires and socket outlets to avoid interference with other work or equipment. wherever possible. Section 15.7. Final position and angles of floodlights shall be determined during construction. Where necessary. S-1962. Also see section 6 regarding hazardous areas.7. Where indicated on BP Standard Drawing No. All floodlights shall be mounted on stirrups. Whenever possible.7.6 8. However.4 8.1 8. The cable for connections to floodlights shall be of adequate length to permit the floodlight to be swivelled on its mounting through 360°. Small Power and Lighting Systems Lighting and lighting installations shall comply with BP Group RP 1214.7. All alterations shall be referred to BP for approval.5 mm2 PVC/SWA PVC except where contract drawings specifically states 2. cable glands for instrumentation circuits shall be insulated from earth.7.7. socket outlets and junction boxes shall be mounted at a suitable height from floor or platform to facilitate ready access for use during maintenance.6 8.2 8.6. and site adjustments may be necessary to clear local obstruction. For lighting circuits.7 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 40 . the Contractor shall. Due account shall be taken of certification of fittings when determining final mounting positions. be mounted 450mm above floor level. by agreement with BP.8. All elevations shown on drawings are in metres and are related to immediate floor or platform datum as defined on the contract drawings. Elevations are to the underside of the fittings. all cabling shall be 2 core 2.5 mm2 PVC 8.6. Socket outlets shall.
so that the remainder of the lighting circuit can be re-energised. The Contractor shall ensure that the continuity of the cable armour is maintained.13 8. are as follows:Locations Illumination Level (LUX) Working Plane (m) On Working Plane 8.7.7. providing all necessary checks on cables and equipment have been made to the satisfaction of the Company prior to energisation.9 8.15 -Control room. by the insertion of a stopping plug in an EExe certified junction box.5 mm2 cable in specified areas or for specified services. The maximum steady load (including control gear losses) on any lighting final sub-circuit shall not exceed 0. 8.7.8 In non-hazardous areas lighting circuits shall be of the loop-in type with the lighting cable looping from one fitting to the next. Care shall be taken to ensure the correct polarities when wiring switches. The luminaries may be utilised on a temporary single phase power supply during the construction period.10 8.11 8.14 Each lighting and small power distribution board shall be provided with an interior sub circuit identification and loading schedule which the Contractor shall complete prior to module tow out.7. Radio room Desk + Front Panel 500 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 41 .7. Veiling reflections.non-armoured cable or MICC 1. Illumination levels shall be in accordance with the Chartered Institute of Building Services Engineers (CIBSE) Code for Interior Lighting 1984.7. 8. taking into consideration all such limiting factors as Glare indices. The installation shall be such that a complete lighting fitting can be removed and the integrity of the type of protection be maintained.7.12 8. Each lighting sub-circuit shall be protected by a 15A MCB or 15A fuse at the distribution board. e. applicable to offshore platforms. The Contractor shall however check that no area is totally without illumination upon supply failure of any one subcircuit. etc. socket outlets and lamp holders. Typical illumination levels. In hazardous areas lighting circuits shall not be of the loop-in type.7.55 times the sub-circuit protective MCB rating or fuse rating.g. The number of fittings connected to any one final sub circuit shall be shown on the drawings.
9 Floor Floor Tread 0.9 0.9 0. under night-time conditions:(a) take readings of illumination levels throughout the plant or platform with the normal lighting system energised.General .Bathrooms -Dining Rooms -Rest room 150 200 150 100 300 500 150 50 100 500 500 150 200 500 300 50 200 100 200 150 Floor Floor Floor Floor Floor 0. 8.General .75 Floor Floor Floor On offshore platforms sea perimeter lighting.9 Floor 0. Any areas not meeting design requirements shall be reported to BP.General .Back Panel -Generator rooms -Switchgear rooms -Battery room. and Inverters room -Workshops .7. the Contractor shall.Reading . Chargers.16 Following installation of the lighting systems.17 All areas shall have access to service with the use of a 15 metres cord for general purpose socket outlets and 30 metres cord for welding GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 42 . adjust orientation of floodlight fittings for maximum efficient use.Serving Counter -Laundry -Cabins . an illumination level of 50 lux at the sea surface shall be achieved using floodlighting. (b) (c) 8. energise only the emergency lighting system to prove adequacy.75 Floor Floor 0.Workbench -Utility & Process areas -Walkways & Corridors -Exterior stairs and ladders -Laboratory -Offices -Stores -Kitchen .7.
where specified. Emergency and.3 18.104.22.168 8.8. The Contractor shall install all Main. The energisation of anti-condensation heaters.1 8. towers and rotating machinery. The quantity and location of socket outlets shall generally be as shown on the drawings.5 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 43 .8.8 8. barring of rotors and all aspects of treatment during storage. Socket outlets shall also be located adjacent to equipment requiring periodic inspection and maintenance. Generator Packages Generators and generator packages shall comply with BP Group GS 112-6. and all equipment associated with these ‘packages’. in the locations shown on the drawings and in accordance with the manufacturers instructions.socket outlets.8. The Contractor shall install and terminate all interconnecting cables in accordance with the equipment suppliers drawings and contract drawings. Standby Generators with their gas turbine or diesel engine drivers. such as manway openings of vessels. trace heating or anticondensation heater distribution board. 8. installation and pre-commissioning periods shall be carried out in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions and recommendations.8.2 8.18 Anti-condensation heaters in all equipment (including instruments) shall be electrically fed from the nearest small power. 8. Skilled supervision for the installation of generators and their ancillary equipments shall be provided by the manufacturer at the discretion of BP.
e.1 General The BP Site Electrical Engineer will be responsible for overseeing the Contractors work associated with the installation. also the requisite personnel whether the tests are undertaken at the works of the Contractors. connections and other equipment including electrical supplies. No test should be undertaken until it has been confirmed that the equipment to be tested is properly isolated and has been effectively discharged. Similar precautions should be taken in all other instances where danger could arise.2 Safety Precautions Under no circumstances may any test be carried out in such a manner as to cause danger and all due safety precautions must be taken. inspection and testing of all electrically related equipment. Areas where HV testing is to take place should be roped off prior to and during testing and cautionary notices should be displayed at all points of access. TESTING AND COMMISSION 9. circuits and systems in accordance with the following requirements of this section of the guidelines. National Codes and Standards. BP Group RPSEs.1. Installation The installation of electrical equipment and circuits will be checked for compliance with good engineering practice and the contractual requirements as detailed in:9.3 The latest revision of AFC Drawings and Schedules. Plant and Project Specifications. The Contractor shall be responsible for the provision of all necessary instruments. INSPECTION. inspection and testing procedures. motor running tests.1 9. All instruments used for commissioning shall be of an approved type and they shall have been calibrated against certified standards at regular and proper intervals. Their accuracy must be fully substantiated at the time of use.9. 9. Equipment Specifications and Data Sheets.1. The BP site Electrical Engineer will be responsible for agreeing the contractors installation. INSTALLATION. or of the Sub-Contractor.1.3 9. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 44 .g. or carried out at Site.2 9.
1 Inspection and Testing The complete Works shall be subject to inspection and test for compliance with this specification.5. he shall advise BP accordingly.g. 9. in the case of large cables and motors. generally to BP Group RP 32-2 and Appendix C of this Specification. Inspection and testing of specialised equipment not included in the categories of Appendix C shall be carried out in accordance with procedures specified or agreed by BP.2 9.2 9.3 9. The Contractor must provide adequate notice of his intention to commence these activities so that BP has time to allocate an inspector. 9.1 9. 9. The inspection and testing shall be carried out generally in accordance with Appendix C of this Specification.5. When a Contractor considers that the construction of an electrical system.4 9. Any remedial work carried out at site by either the fabricator or vendor to correct transit damage or faulty workmanship not previously detected will be supervised by the site Electrical Engineer. BP. Pre-acceptance Inspection and Testing Prior to energising.6 9.4.5. and to the satisfaction of.1 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 45 .5. circuit or parts thereof is complete and is of such a standard that pre-acceptance inspection and testing can commence. Electrical equipment and the electrical content of mechanical equipment packages will be inspected on receipt at site.All equipment should be effectively discharged at the completion of testing. The results of all inspection and testing shall be recorded on data sheets as in Appendix C or an agreed variation. All data sheets of inspection and testing shall be signed and approved by BP.5 9.5.4.. 4 hr motor runs will be carried out by the Contractor. where necessary e. Unless a specific waiver is given by BP all inspection and tests which are to be recorded in the system test dossier shall be witnessed by a representative of BP.6.5. Pre-Commissioning of Electrical Systems Pre-commissioning inspection and tests shall be carried out by the Contractor on all electrical equipment under the supervision of. the earth bond should be left on for 15 minutes or more.4 * 9.
7.5 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 46 . In such cases the Contractors shall implement 9. 9.. Where this is not possible the Company may call for re-inspection and testing. Wherever possible final inspection and testing should be carried out immediately prior to acceptance by BP for energisation. The energisation and commissioning of the system or circuit will be carried out by. area lighting boards. Under no circumstances may any test be carried out on existing cables or equipment without the agreement and in the presence of a representative of BP. motors. etc. No work whatsoever shall be carried out on the system or circuit by the Contractor subsequent to this submission unless full details of such work are agreed in writing by BP.7 9. control circuits.g. e.The Contractor should maintain close liaison with BP so that inspection and testing may be carried out as work proceeds in order to avoid the need for disconnection of cables for testing purposes after the installation has been completed. the Contractor will arrange for an attend upon BP during the commissioning of the completed works as agreed. In certain instances.4 * 9. * 9. BP may agree in writing to the Contractor assuming responsibility for the energisation from BP suppliers of the systems or circuits concerned. Prior to initial energising a work permit shall be obtained. his formal notification that work on the system or circuit is complete. has been proved satisfactory and agreed to be such by BP.7.7. or together with.7.2 Following the satisfactory completion of the inspection and testing of a system or circuit the Contractor shall complete the appropriate test certificate(s) and submit it to BP prior to. Such agreement will not be given until the Contractor has satisfied BP as to the adequacy of the precautions he intends to take to ensure the safety of the system and those working upon it.2 9.7. Under no circumstances may a circuit be energised or commissioned prior to its being inspected and tested and the relevant section of the system test dossier completed and approved.6. arrangements will be made by BP to energise the system or circuit at a mutually convenient time. and will be the responsibility of BP but the Contractor shall provide such assistance in these activities as is deemed necessary by BP. Following submission of the formal notification that work is complete.1 Energisation and Commissioning When the electrical works or any section thereof.3 * 9. special drives and systems.
carry out any inspections.g. as may be required by BP. operations. This. e. and/or. 9. and submit to BP for approval. tests.7.7 * 9. in some instances may be covered by a Punchlist detailing the remedial work required.7. the Contractor shall arrange for..an acceptable safe system of working.8 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 47 . etc. etc. Permits to Work.6 If the results of the test and checks carried out after energisation are not satisfactory the system or circuit will be de-energised. 9. The above shall apply until such time as the Contractor is relieved from responsibility by the issue and acceptance of a ‘handover certificate’ which may include provisos concerning minor items that remain to be completed. Thereafter the circuit or system will become the responsibility of BP and no further work may be carried out on it without the prior approval of BP. locked off and handed back to the Contractor for correction. to ensure that it is still in a satisfactory condition for re-energising and putting into operation. Access to live metalwork or the energisation of sub circuits must thereafter have the express approval of BP by means of a permit to work system (see Appendix D). If the results of the energisation tests are satisfactory the system or circuit will be accepted by BP subject to any minor modifications specified by BP. In the event of electrical work being left in a de-energised or inoperable stage for any length of time prior to final acceptance..7.
APPENDIX A DEFINITIONS AND ABBREVIATIONS Definitions Standardised definitions may be found in the BP Group RPSEs Introductory Volume. Manufacturer: the manufacturer of equipment/materials to which this Specification applies. circuits and systems have been installed correctly and are safe to energise. routine tests normally carried out prior to energisation to ensure that the equipment. energisation and the final tests and checks subsequent to energisation to ensure that each circuit and piece of equipment satisfactorily performs it’s required function. Inspection: Testing: Commissioning: Abbreviations AFC BASEEFA BS CIBSE EN ESH EVA GRP HV IEC IEE IP ISO LV MCB PVC SIRA SWA Approved for Construction British Approvals Service for Electrical Equipment Flammable Atmospheres British Standard Chartered Institute of Building Services Engineers European Standard Ethylene Vinyl Acetate Glass Reinforced Plastic High Voltage International Electrotechnical Commission The Institution of Electrical Engineers Institute of Petroleum International organisation for Standardisation Low voltage Miniature Circuit Breaker Polyvinyl Chloride in GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 48 . a visual inspection of the equipment and the installed circuits and systems.
Conduits for Electrical Installations. Section 2.E. Reference standards may be replaced by equivalent standards that are internationally or otherwise recognised provided that it can be shown to the satisfaction of the purchaser’s professional engineer that they meet or exceed the requirements of the referenced standards.51 BS 4607: Part 1 BS 5000: Part 16 BS 5345 BS 6099 BS CP 1017 The Institution of Electrical Engineers (I. Part 2: Particular specifications. Installation and Servicing. Specification for Fittings and Components of Insulating Material.) Regulations for the Electrical and Electronic Equipment of Mobile and Fixed Offshore Installations. Rotating Electrical Machines with Type of Protection ‘N’.) Wiring Regulations for Electrical Installations. Distribution of Electricity on Construction and Building Sites BS 729 BS 4360 BS 4533 Section 102. ISO 9001 Quality Systems . 15th Edition. Production.Model for Quality Assurance in Design/Development.E.E. Sections 6 and 15.E. Chartered Institute of Building Services Engineers (CIBSE) Code for Interior Lighting 1984 Health and Safety Executive (HSE) Guidance Note G524.E.E. Installation and Maintenance of Electrical Apparatus for Use in Potentially Explosive Atmospheres. Specification for Luminaires with Types of Protection ‘N’. The Institution of Electrical Engineers (I.) Recommendations for the Electrical and Electronic Equipment of Mobile and Fixed Offshore Installations. Specification for Weldable Structural Steels. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 49 .APPENDIX B LIST OF REFERENCED DOCUMENTS A reference invokes the latest published issue or amendment unless stated otherwise. The Institution of Electrical Engineers (I. Code of Practice for Selection. Specification for Hot Dip Galvanized Coatings on Iron and Steel Articles.
C.High Voltage Switchgear Electrical Systems and Installations . Testing and Pre-Commissioning of New Plant Typical Earthing Diagram for Instrumentation Onshore GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 50 .Lighting and Lighting Installations Electrical Systems and Installations .General Electrical Systems and Installations . Power Supplies Secure Static A.C.Design and Practice Instrumentation and Control .Onshore Fire Protection .Cables.Offshore Instrumentation and Control .Supplies to Equipment via Socket Outlets Electrical Systems and Installations .Electric Surface Heating Electrical Systems and Installations .Low Voltage Switchgear Electrical Systems and Installations .Electromagnetic Compatibility for Instrumentation and Control Systems Site Inspection. Power Supplies for Control Systems Requirements for Flame Retardant and Fire Resistant Cables Electrical Systems and Installations .BP Group RPSEs GS 112-4 GS 112-3 GS 112-5 GS 112-6 GS 112-9 GS 112-8 GS 112-12 GS 112-10 GS 112-12 RP 12-1 RP 12-5 RP 12-6 RP 12-7 RP 12-9 RP 12-11 RP 12-13 RP 12-14 RP 12-15 RP 12-16 RP 12-17 RP 12-19 RP 24-1 RP 24-2 RP 30-1 RP 30-8 RP 32-2 BP Standard Drawing:S-1962 High Voltage Induction Motors Low Voltage Induction Motors Transformers and Reactors.C.Construction Site Power Supplies Fire Protection . Generators and Generation Packages High Voltage Switchgear and Control Gear Low Voltage Switchgear and Control Gear.Power Supplies for Control Systems Electrical Systems and Installations . Cable Systems and Wiring Electrical Systems and Installations . D.Transformers and Reactors Electrical Systems and Installations . Electrical Requirements for A.Earthing and Bonding Electrical Systems and Installations .Motors Electrical Systems and Installations .
1.1 INTRODUCTION C. balanced current protection. reactors. circuits and systems before and after energisation and commissioning. Such inspection and tests are to be recorded on test certificates prepared by the supplier and agreed by BP prior to use. they may not necessarily cover all electrical equipment and systems included in the design. emergency generators.1. synchronising and complex control circuits.3 C. It is the responsibility of the BP site Electrical Engineer to agree all electrical inspections and tests and ensure that any further procedures. invertors and public address systems. The procedures cover the inspection of electrical equipment prior to installation and the inspection and testing of installed equipment.2 C. alternators.4 * C. resistors. additional to those included in this document. Where special electrical equipment and systems are provided.5 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 51 .1 This section details the site inspection and testing procedures for the Electrical Discipline and includes standard forms which are to be used to accurately record the results of the inspection and tests and provide written evidence that all electrical equipment and systems comply with design parameters and function correctly. It is also the responsibility of the BP Site Electrical Engineer to ensure that prior to construction a comprehensive component/equipment list and cable schedule is available against which all the required test certificates will be listed to give a concise cross reference for the completion of system testing. C.1.1. Although the inspection and test procedures in this section are comprehensive. e.1. the supplier will be required to carry out final inspection and functional testing at site after installation.APPENDIX C INSPECTION AND TEST PROCEDURE C. are developed in order to give complete coverage and confirm that electrical systems in all respects are fit for energisation and service.g.
1 . 2. 2.14 C.8 . 11 . 2.Trace Heating Tapes and Circuits Procedure No.Ininterruptable Power Supplies Procedure No 10 . 2.C.Neutral Earthing Resistors Procedure No. 2. 2. 7 . 45 .Earthing Procedure No.Power and Control Cables Procedure No. 17 . 2. 2.17 C.3 C.Circuit Breakers Procedure No.Junction Boxes Procedure No.Drying of Electrical Rotary Machinery Procedure No.Switchboards and Busbars Procedure No.7 C.16 C.Batteries and Battery Chargers Procedure No.Lighting and Small Power Distribution Procedure No.4 C.13 C. 2 . 2.12 C.6 C.Oil Insulation Tests Procedure no. 13 .18 C. 4 .Motors Procedure No. 5 .10 C. 2. 19 .19 Procedure No.15 C. 2. 2. 2.Apparatus for use in Hazardous Areas Procedure No.Current Transformer Magnetising Curves Procedure No.5 C. 12 .8 C.2 INSPECTION AND TEST PROCEDURES C. 2. 6 .2 C. 2.Testing of Protection and Meter Circuitry GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 52 . 3 .Power Transformers Procedure No.1 C. 2. 18 . 2.Fuse Switches Procedure No. 14 . 2. 9 . 16 .9 C.Contactor Breakers Procedure No.11 C. 2.
Power and Control Cables The following inspection and test procedures are applicable to all cable sizes and types C. type and numbering with the cable schedule paying particular attention to any special requirements.1 Procedure no. toxicity. For MICC cable.C. Where conductors have been terminated using crimped connections. and that. 2. Ensure that the gland certificates meet the area classification requirements. (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) (i) GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 53 . e.1 Inspection (Post Installation) (a) Compare the cable size. For HV cable.g. Ensure that the core identification agrees with the connection diagrams and phase sequence. 1 . ensure that the correct size and type of crimping lug has been used. the additional inspection as listed below should be carried out:(i) Check that the glanding is in accordance with the manufacturers’ instructions and that earth trails have been terminated at a suitable earthing terminal. Inspect the earth connections. where specified. Inspect the cable glands for tightness and good workmanship. Before making any measurement.2. ensure that the cables have been glanded in accordance with the cable manufacturers’ instructions and in particular check that any stress relief measures have been incorporated. insulating gland adaptors have been installed. Ensure that the correct type of gland has been used for the size and type of cable installed. the inspector should ensure that both ends of the cable have been disconnected and are clear of any metal. Ensure that the gland plates for all single-core cables have been manufactured from non-magnetic materials.1.
is to be completed. insulation resistance should be measured core to core. (a) Measure the insulation resistance of the cable and record on the relevant test certificate. The table below gives the test voltages and minimum acceptable values of insulation resistance. also between conductors. Where necessary measure the conductivity of the earth conductor. backfilling of trenches etc. core to earth and screen to armour Record only the lowest figure obtained. Cable Voltage (Working Range) Test Voltage Minimum Insulation (Between conductor Resistance Meg-Ohms and to earth) 00/1000V 1900/3300V 3800/6600V 6350/11000 8700/15000 12700/22000 19000/33000 1000V 1000V 1000V 5000V 5000V 5000V 5000V 10 200 200 200 200 200 200 (b) Apply a DC Test voltage (pressure test) between the conductors of each high voltage cable and the copper tape screen of each conductor.(ii) Check that surge suppression voltage dependent resistors are correctly fitted where specified and that the correct type has been fitted. measure and record any leakage current.1. For LV and MV multicore cables. C. all cleating.2. (j) Ensure the appropriate requirements of Procedures 15 and 19 are carried out if applicable. supports. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 54 .2 Testing Before any cables are tested. Record test voltage and duration of test.
have been carried out satisfactorily.2.Each cable shall be discharged after the above tests and the conductors earthed until the cable is put into service. The test voltage and duration are as tubulated below:- CABLE GRADE DC TEST VOLTAGE CONDUCTOR TO SHEATH DURATION CONDUCTOR TO SHEATH 1900/3300 3800/6600 6350/11000 19000/33000 7000 15000 25000 - 10000 20000 34000 75000 15 Mins 15 Mins 15 Mins 15 Mins (Abstracted from BS 5467:1977 Table 17. as detailed in (a) above. C. BS 6346:1969 Table 20 and BS 6460:1969 Table 31). (c) Immediately after the above test.1.3 Test Certificates Forms E-1 and E-2 are to be used to record the results of the testing and require endorsement to confirm that all the requirements of this procedure. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 55 . and procedures 14 and 18 if appropriate. the insulation resistance between each conductor and its earthed copper screen shall be measured. The minimum acceptable value is as tabulated.
Inspect the busbar joints.2. Inspect the switchboard earth bar and earth cable for electrical and mechanical continuity. Remove any temporary weatherproofing and silica gel drying agents from switchgear. (ii) (iii) (iv) (b) Post Installation (i) Inspect the switchboard assembly for alignment.2. (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi) C. 2 .1 Procedure No. Ensure that the equipment meets Specification including weather. tightness of foundation bolts. Ensure that all equipment installed in the switchboard is in good condition. a Ductor test must be carried out prior to fitting covers.2.2 Testing (a) Prior to securely fitting the busbar covers. Where there are any busbar joints. Inspect the inside of the switchgear for cleanliness paying particular attention to the insulators. level.C. Compare the switchgear equipment with the equipment schedule. Ensure the appropriate requirements of Procedure 14 are carried out if applicable. measure the insulation resistance of the busbars and control wiring. paying particular attention to the rating and any circuit changes.2.Switchboard and Busbars Inspection (a) Pre-Installation (i) Ensure the equipment certificates meet the area classification requirements. Ensure that all panel doors and gland plates are bonded to the switchboard structure. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 56 .2 C. and fixing in general.2. dust and vermin-proofing.
The following conditions must be adhered to for the tests:(i) All current transformers secondaries will be short circuited for the test.6 3. Ensure that all the Protection relays have been tested in accordance with the requirements of the appropriate test certificate. The minimum acceptable resistance together with the relevant test voltage.(b) Test the switchboard earth system for electrical and mechanical continuity.6 0. (e) A power frequency voltage test (pressure test) on the main and auxilliary circuits shall be carried out between phases and phase to earth.3 0. Megohms 33 22 11 6. This test should be carried out prior to the pressure test and before energising the switchboard. All voltage transformers shall be disconnected by removal of primary and secondary fuses for duration of the test. (ii) GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 57 .44 Control Wiring 5000 5000 5000 1000 1000 1000 1000 500 200 200 200 200 100 100 100 10 (These test levels are in accordance with BS 5405 and its predecessor BS CP 1008). KV Test Voltage V Min Insulation Resistance. is given in the table below:- (c) (d) Switchgear Voltage. Measure the insulation resistance of the busbars and control wiring. Measure the earth path resistance at the earth bar to the general earth system. and vendors instructions.
The minimum acceptable test voltages are given in the table below.c TEST VOLTAGE. only the comment that they are ‘under consideration. for the phase to earth test. As an alternative to the power frequency test. test may be applied.6 11 15 22 33 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 58 . EQUIPMENT VOLTAGE. Table 12 and BS 5227 Table 6) (f) Upon completion of all tests. The tests should be carried out at a frequency of 25100HZ and full voltage should be applied for one minute.2 24 32 46 68 0.66 3.5 15 25 32 45 66 0.2 8.66 3.c. a high voltage d. KV a. BS 5227 does not contain any test voltages.3 6.3 6..c TEST VOLTAGE. KV a. KV FOR 15 MINUTES 1.(iii) One pole of the testing supply shall be connected to earth and to the frame of the assembly. reconnect all cables and ensure that shorting links and fuses are replaced.5 7.6 11 15 22 33 (Abstracted from BS 162. KV FOR 1 MINUTE . In the interim the test levels in BS 161 (Table 14) will be used:- (g) EQUIPMENT VOLTAGE.6 15.
2.(h) Carry out required testing of protection and/or meter circuitry in accordance with Procedure 19. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 59 .2.3 Test Certificates Form E-3 is to be used for recording the results of the testing and requires endorsement to confirm that all the requirements of this procedure. and Procedure 14 if appropriate. C. Originals of test certificates generated by implementing Procedure 19 must be attached to E-3 for filing in the System Test Dossier. have been carried out satisfactorily.
(b) (c) (d) (ii) Check operation of circuit breaker close and trip mechanism.2.3. (ii) (iii) GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 60 . Carry out insulation resistance tests before and after pressure test with circuit breaker both open and closed.2.2 Testing (i) Sample and test oil in oil circuit breakers before performing pressure test. manually and electrically. (b) Post-Installation (i) Carry out mechanical operation checks to ensure:(a) Correct alignment and connection of all busbar connections between fixed and moving portions of the circuit breaker and switchboard.Circuit Breakers The following procedures are applicable to all circuit breakers in metal clad switchgear whether of the air-break. (iii) C. Ensure the appropriate requirements of Procedure 14 are carried out if applicable. Carry out pressure tests as detailed in Procedure 2.C.3. Correct operation of busbar shutters and padlocking facilities. Correct alignment and connection of all main and secondary plug and socket connections. This procedure should be read in conjunction with Procedure 2. Correct fitting and operation of any special earthing facilities. bulk oil.1 Inspection (a) Pre-Installation Carry out the pre-installation checks of procedure 2. SF6 or vacuum type of circuit breaker.3 Procedure No 3 .2. C.
Originals of test certificates generated by implementing Procedure 19 must be attached to E-4 for filing in the system Test Dossier. Carry out any required testing of protection and/or meter circuitry in accordance with Procedure 19.2.(iv) Test Levels of insulation resistance and pressure test as given in Procedure 2.3. (v) C. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 61 .3 Test Certificate Form E-4 is to be used for recording the results of the testing and requires endorsement to confirm that all the requirements of this procedure and Procedure 14 if appropriate have been carried out satisfactorily.
Ensure that the isolator can be padlocked in the off position and that it is interlocked with the door. is in the correct position.2. (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) (i) (j) (k) (l) (m) (n) C. 4 . Ensure that the anti condensation heater. Ensure that the door is earthed.C. Examine the internal wiring for security and ensure that it is not being caught or damaged by the door or drawout unit. For plug-in starters test the operation of the withdrawal unit and alignment of main and auxiliary plugs.Contactor Starters Inspection (Post Installation) (a) Remove any transit packing and binding materials from the relays. is removed.4 C.4. Test the mechanical operation of all contactors and relays and alignment of contacts. if fitted. Compare the unit description with the Company schedules and Vendor drawing.2 Testing (a) Test the overload by primary or secondary injection and record the results on the relevant Test Certificate. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 62 . Ensure that any ammeters and scales are correct/suitable.2.1 Procedure No. Compare the main and control fuse ratings with the schedules.4. and that it is not too close to any internal cabling or heat sensitive devices. Inspect and check the operation of the isolator and any auxiliary switches. Ensure the appropriate requirements of Procedure 14 are carried out if applicable. and it is clean and any silica-gel etc. Examine flash barriers etc. contactor etc. Inspect the equipment in the compartment for damage during installation.2.
GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 63 .3 Test Certificate Form E-5 is to be used for recording the results of the testing and requires endorsement to confirm the requirements of this procedure. Test and record the starter insulation resistance using:(i) 1000 volt test for main wiring .2.This should agree (within tolerance) with the manufacturers curves. and Procedure 14 if appropriate.minimum value should be 10 megohms. have been carried out satisfactorily.minimum value should be 5 megohms. 500 volt test for control wiring . Originals of test certificates generated by implementing Procedure 19 must be attached to E-5 for filing in the System Test Dossier. Test the overload for single phasing by passing 80% of full load current through two phases only and record on Test Certificate. C.4. (b) Test the calibration of any ammeters by primary or secondary injection and record on Test Certificate. (c) (d) (ii) (e) Carry out any required testing of protection and/or meter circuitry in accordance with Procedure 19.
ensure that they retract correctly.Fuse Switches Inspection (Pre-Installation) (a) Note the nameplate ratings of the fuse switch. Check the ON-OFF operation of the indicator. Compare these ratings with those on the approved drawings.5. Ensure the contact alignment of the fuse switch and the mechanical operation of the on-off indication. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 64 . and Procedure 14 if appropriate. Carry out any required testing or protection and/or meter circuitry in accordance with Procedure 19.C. Ensure that the fuse switch unit has been labelled correctly. have been carried out satisfactorily. When operating handles are of the retractable type. Inspect the mechanical operation of the fuse switch and any interlocks fitted in the fuse switch cubicle or cover.22.214.171.124. Ensure the appropriate requirements of Procedure 14 are carried out if applicable.1 Procedure No 5 .6 is to be used for recording the results of the testing and requires endorsement to confirm that the requirements of this procedure.3 Test Certificate Form E. and any special instructions.2. (b) (c) (d) C. Measure the insulation resistance through the closed isolator. Remove any transit packing materials from the fuse switch (where fitted).5 C. (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) C.5. Inspect the equipment padlocking facility. Ensure that the interior of the unit has been cleansed and any silica-gel drying agents have been removed.2 Inspection (Post Installation) and Testing (a) Inspect the equipment in the fuse switch compartment for damage during installation.
GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 65 .Originals of test certificates generated by implementing Procedure 19 must be attached to E-6 for filing in the System Test Dossier.
and any special instructions concerning auxiliary apparatus. one from the upper region of the tank. refer to Electrical Procedure No.6. Inspect the bolting to the neutral connection. Inspect the transformer and auxiliary equipment for alignment and tightness of foundation bolts and fixings in general. Link box oil shall be tested to Procedure 15 prior to final closing.11 for detailed requirements.2 Testing (a) (b) Test the alarm and trip circuits of the device. Inspect the Gas Alarm device (where fitted).6 C.1 Procedure No. Compare these ratings with those on the approved drawings. (i) Consult vendors instructions and if required measure the dielectric strength of the transformer oil. Inspect the boltings and the weatherproofing of terminal boxes.Power Transformers Inspection (Post-Installation) (a) Note the nameplate ratings of the transformers. If neutral earthing resistors have been fitted. Inspect the transformer breathing device and the condition of the moisture absorbing capsule (where fitted).2. and the other from the bottom. (Details of testing transformer oils are contained in Procedure 15).6 . (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) (i) C. Inspect the padlocking facilities. including insulation breakdown values.2. check each drum of oil supplied against the manufacturer’s specification. If the transformers are supplied without oil. Check the oil level after filling.2. Two samples should be taken.6.C. Inspect the pressure relief device (where fitted). (ii) GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 66 . Inspect the earthing bolts and the connections to the earthing grid. Ensure certification meets the area requirements.
TRANSFORMER WDG VOLTAGE TEST VOLTAGE DRY TYPE TEST VOLTAGE OIL IMMERSED A.C D. and phase to earth insulation resistance for both the HV and LV windings. The test should be carried out for one minute between each winding. The table below gives the test voltages and minimum acceptable values of insulation resistance. 10 and 27. Measure the phase to phase. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 67 .c. The test voltages to be applied are given in the table below. Duration of this test is to be 15 mins. Alternatively a d.C 3300 6600 11000 33000 600 11250 18750 - 5600 10600 17600 - 12000 16500 21000 52500 11300 15500 19800 49500 (Abstracted from BS171 Tables 9.(c) Ensure that all cables have been certified in accordance with the cable certificate.C D. (d) TRANSFORMER WDG VOLTAGE TEST VOLTAGE D.C MINIMUM INSULATION RESISTANCE. with the core and tank earthed. MEGOHMS 25 110 440 3300 6600 11000 33000 250 250 500 1000 1000 1000 5000 10 10 50 150 150 150 200 (e) Carry out a power frequency voltage (pressure) test between the HV and LV windings.C A. pressure test may be applied.
namely E-13 for neutral earthing resistors if fitted (Procedure 11).(f) Carry out any required testing of protection and/or meter circuitry in accordance with Procedure 19. All supplementary certificates should be attached to E-7 for filing in the system test dossier. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 68 . E-16 for transformer and link box oil testing (Procedure 15) and certificates generated by implementing Procedure 19.6.2. C.3 Test Certificates Form E-7 is to be used for recording the results of the testing and requires endorsement to confirm that the requirements of this procedure have been carried out satisfactorily.
oil rings. Ensure that any shaft blocking or transit packing has been removed. (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) (i) (j) (k) C. Ensure equipment certification meets the area classification requirements. Any damaged areas are to be repainted.2. Inspect for leakage. This should not be dependent upon the application of paint.Motors Inspection (Post-Installation) (a) Note the nameplate rating of the motors and compare with those given in the approved drawing and motor schedule. Note any special instructions regarding auxiliary equipment. including those inside the connection box. Ensure the appropriate requirements of Procedure 14 are carried out if applicable.7.2.7 C.1 Procedure No.7 . Inspect the weatherproofing and bolting of the connection boxes. Without dismantling the motor. inspect as far as possible. Inspect the paint finish of the motor for damage during installation. Inspect the earthing stud and the connection to the general earthing system. Have the coupling broken to separate the motor from the driven unit or the belts removed from belt driven equipment. Ensure that the motor rotates freely and check that the end play of the rotor is within tolerances. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 69 . Test the phase sequence and polarity of all connections.7. After test ensure that all covers giving access to connections are fastened down. oil levels. tape or plastic compounds.2. Inspect the stator winding connection and whether the system should be for star or delta connection.C. grease packing and bearings.2 Testing (a) Ensure that all cables have been certified in accordance with the cable test procedures.
Measure the phase to frame resistance and phase to phase if the windings can be separated. A 5000V insulation tester should be used on HV motors. If the windings require drying out reference should be made to the guidance notes and typical drying out curve as detailed in Electrical Procedure No. 16. If special motor protective devices (e.g. thermocouples) have been fitted, test their circuit continuity. (Insulation resistance tests should not be carried out across thermistor terminals or thermistor control units). Test the anti-condensation heater and circuit (where fitted). Start the motor to determine the direction of rotation and compare this with the required rotation of the driven unit. Run the motor for about 4 hours and check the bearings for undue temperature rise. Check for vibration. Measure and record the line current of the free running motor. Have the coupling reassembled and the alignment of the coupling and end play checked (or have the belts put back on if belt driven) after the 4 hours test. For HV motors measure the Polarisation Index (PI) and refer to the manufacturers’ documentation for acceptable levels. In the absence of the latter a figure of 1.7 should be the minimum acceptable level. For HV machines rated up to 10MW a high voltage a.c. test may be carried out at a voltage = 0.8 x (2 x M/c rated voltage + 1Kv), for 1 minute as specified in BS 4999: Part 60. This test may be replaced with a d.c test at a voltage to be agreed with the manufacturer, but which must NOT exceed 1.28 x (2 x m/c rated voltage + 1Kv.
NOTE:This test is NOT obligatory (k) Carry out any required testing of protection and/or meter circuitry in accordance with Procedure 19.
GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP
Test Certificates Form E-8 is to be used for recording the results of the testing and requires endorsement to confirm that the requirements of this procedure and Procedure 14 if appropriate, have been carried out satisfactorily. If applicable the results of drying out motor windings, Procedure 16, are to be attached to Form E-8 for filing in the system test dossier, together with any certificates generated by implementing Procedure 19.
GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP
Procedure No 8 - Batteries and Battery Charger Inspection (Post-Installation) (a) Note the nameplate rating of the equipment, and number, type and rating of the batteries supplied and compare with the ratings stated on the approved drawings for the equipment. Ensure that the equipment classification requirements. certificates meet the area
Inspect the chargers and battery stands for alignment, level, and tightness of foundation bolts and fixing. Inspect the earthing bolts and the connections to the earth system. Ensure that all site installed cables have been tested in accordance with the cable Test Certificate. Clean the interiors of all control panels, chargers etc. Remove any temporary silica-gel drying agents from the panels. Note the type, size and rating of all fuses and protective devices and compare with the values stated on the approved drawings. Inspect all batteries for cracks, damage and tightness and cleanliness of terminals and connections. Remove any transit bungs from the cells. Inspect all bolted connections between individual cells in a bank of batteries. Ensure that all battery terminals have been coated with vaseline or equivalent. Inspect the battery electrolyte level in all cells after filling.
(h) (i) (j)
(k) C.2.8.2 Testing
Measure the earth path resistance at the main earthing terminal. Note that special care must be taken when making tests on electronic equipment due to its susceptibility to damage by overvoltages.
GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP
9.Uninterruptable Power Supplies This procedure is a preliminary to the inspection and test performed by the equipment vendor at site. Inspect the earthing bolts and the connection to the earthing system.3 Test Certificate Form E-10 to be used for recording the results of the testing and requires endorsement to signify that the requirements of the procedure have been carried out satisfactorily.C. and Test Certificates completed. 9 .9. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 73 . tightness of foundation bolts and fixings. together with originals of Vendor Test Certificate should be attached to E-10 for filing in the system Test Dossier. Ensure that all site installed cables have been tested in accordance with the Electrical Procedure.2 Testing (a) Carry out testing of Batteries and Battery Charger in accordance with Procedure 8. inverters etc. C.9. Inspect the installed equipment for alignment. Clean the interiors of all control panels.2.2. level. size and rating of all fuses and protective devices and compare with the values stated on the approved drawings. Carry out all testing required on Form E-10 and sign off certificate. Certificates for Batteries and Battery Charger Tests. (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) C.9 Procedure No. Note the type.2.2. (b) (c) C.1 Inspection (Post-Installation) (a) Note the nameplate ratings of the equipment and any auxiliary apparatus and compare with the rating given on the approved drawings. Ensure that all vendor site tests have been completed and all results recorded on vendor test sheets. Remove any temporary silica-gel drying agents from the panels.
Inspect the earthing busbar and cable earthing connections inside the distribution boards. (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) (i) C. padlocks and door switches. 14. Inspect lighting fittings.2. etc.10 C. As each sub-circuit from a distribution board is tested. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 74 . weather-proofness. complete a test tag and attach it to the sub-circuit control switch in a prominent position. Ensure that the distribution board supply cable has been tested and relevant test certificate completed. Note the siting of the lighting fittings. sockets and switches for neatness.2. internal connections and general good workmanship. sockets.2 Testing (a) (b) Measure each outgoing circuit insulation resistance to earth.10.1 Procedure No. and compare with the approved drawings. Note the distribution board circuit numbering and the fuse rating of the circuits and compare with the approved drawings.2. and the earthing connections from individual items of equipment to the earthing grid where detailed on drawings. Carry out inspection of Junction Boxes in accordance with Electrical Procedure No. Test the voltage and polarity of each socket outlet and also the earth continuity. All equipment in hazardous areas should be inspected in accordance with the requirements of Electrical Procedure No.C. 18. 10 -Lighting and Small Power Distribution System Inspection (Post-Installation) (a) Ensure that the equipment meets the area classification requirements as laid down in the design specification and drawings. Test any safety features such as interlocks.10. glanding.
Originals of test certificates generated by implementing Procedure 19 must be attached to E-11 for filing in the System Test Dossier.(c) Carry out illumination tests. Illumination levels are to comply with the CIBS Code for interior lighting where no other statutory or contract illumination levels are specified.2.10.3 Test Certificate Form E-11 is to be used for recording the results of the testing and require endorsement to signify that the requirements of this procedure. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 75 . and Procedures 14 and 18 if appropriate. (d) C. Carry out any required testing or protection and/or metering circuitry in accordance with Procedure 19. have been carried out satisfactorily.
if not carry out tests in accordance with Procedure 17. Inspect the connections to the neutral earthing resistor.11. Any Supporting current transformer certificates (originals) generated by implementing GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 76 .2. silica-gel).2. 11 . Inspect the neutral earthing resistors for alignment. re-connect the incoming and outgoing cables.11 C.2.11. Measure the equipment earth path resistance at the main earthing terminal to the general earth system. If current transformers have been fitted.2 Testing (a) Measure the insulation resistance of the resistor to earth with incoming and outgoing connections disconnected.Neutral Earthing Resistors Inspection (Post Installation) (a) Note the nameplate ratings of the neutral earth resistors (NER’s) and compare with the approved drawings. Measure the value of the neutral earthing resistor. Upon completion of tests.11. (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) C. (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) C.1 Procedure No. Inspect the frame earthing arrangement.3 Test Certificate Form E-13 is to be used for recording the results of the testing and requires endorsement to confirm that the requirements of this procedure have been carried out satisfactorily. Carry out required testing of protection and/or meter circuitry in accordance with procedure 19.g. Remove any temporary weather proofing and any drying agents (e.C. Test the anti-condensation heater and circuits where fitted. Ensure the equipment certificates meet the area classification requirements. tightness of foundation bolts and fixings. check that Vendor test certificates and magnetising curves are available.
Procedure 19 must be attached to E.13 for filing in the System Test Dossier. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 77 .
Check that the tape is installed correctly.12.C.2.12. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 78 . together with Form E-1 for cable testing in accordance with Procedure No. Check that the mounting of the junction boxes and thermostats is correct.2. After completion of the thermal insulation. After all the tapes on a circuit are installed. Carry out inspection and tests detailed in Electrical Procedures no’s 1.12. Check that the circuit is correct for the voltage rating of the tape.1 Procedure No 12 . the circuit should have its insulation resistance re-checked (not recorded) to ensure no damage has occurred. and procedures 1.g. Check that the fuse rating is correct for the total circuit loading. (b) (c) (d) C. it is recommended that an end-seal test in brine be carried out on all inaccessible tapes.2. the complete circuit shall have its insulation resistance tested and recorded. 14 and 18.2. (d) (e) (f) (g) C. Each tape shall be subject to an insulation resistance test when installation is complete.3 Test Certificates Forms E-14 and E-15 are to be used for recording the results of the testing. Check that the tape is of the correct length. e. valves etc. However.Trace Heating Tapes and Circuits Inspection (Post-Installation) (a) (b) (c) Check that the tape type is correct to the drawing requirements. as required.1 The forms require endorsement to confirm that the requirements of the procedure. have been carried out satisfactorily. 14 and 18 as appropriate.12 C. especially with regard to removable items.2 Testing (a) There is no BASEEFA requirement to carry out brine testing of ‘CHEMELEX’ type tapes.
however Form E-21 should be used to record earth point tests.2. (c) C.2.C.1 Procedure No.3 Electrical Earthing Lightning Protection Static Bonding .2. The resistance as measured from any part of the system to the main earth point should not normally exceed the values noted below and tests shall be carried out to confirm this:(i) (ii) (iii) C. shall be tested with a standard earth test whenever practical. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 79 . Testing Main Earthing Points (a) Each separate earthing point.Earthing Inspection (Post-Installation) (a) (b) Compare the earth connection type and size with the schedule.10 ohms (b) Test Certificates There are no standard forms which make reference to this procedure. The resistance of each point must not exceed 10 ohms and may have to be below this to comply with (b) below.2.13 C. which may consist of one or more electrodes.13. Where conductors have been terminated using crimped connections ensure that the correct size and type crimping lug has been used.2.7 ohms . 13 .13.13. Ensure all connections are tight and greased.1ohm .
Ensure that there are no unauthorised modifications and that it carries correct circuit identification.Apparatus for use in Hazardous Areas Inspection (Post-Installation) The following is a general inspection guide for all type of equipment used in hazardous areas. Ensure that the lamp rating and type are correct. (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) (i) The following additional checks are required on special equipment as listed:(h) Ex ‘d’ Flameproof Enclosure Ensure that:- GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 80 .14. Inspect the interior of the equipment for dust or dirt accumulation and ensure that all electrical connections are tight. A check should also be made that the electrical protection is adequate for the drive rating. Inspect the equipment earthing for security and tightness. the apparatus group is correct and that any special conditions on the certificate have been followed. (a) Ensure that the apparatus is appropriate to the area classification. The particular requirements for special equipment used in these locations will be listed individually hereafter and should be read in conjunction with BS 5345 or other appropriate national standards. weather. the surface temperature class is correct.1 Procedure No. Ensure that there is no damage to any cables and that the equipment is adequately protected against corrosion.14 C. vibration and other adverse factors. ensure that they are correctly located and that motor fans and couplings are not rubbing.2.2. 14 . Ensure that all bolts glands and stoppers are tight and that the condition of the enclose gaskets is satisfactory. Where guards are used.C. and form EC-1 is provided as guidance on the systematic method of record. Ensure that cable and stopper box compound is correctly applied to avoid ingress of hydrocarbons.
(m) Ex ‘i’ Intrinsically Safe: (i) All installations should be inspected to ensure that any cable screens are earthed in accordance with the relevant standard drawing. All gaps are correct and free from corrosion. Ex ‘e’ Increased Safety Particular care should be taken on any equipment which uses an encapsulating material that there is no deterioration due to cracking. Boxes containing diode safety barriers and junction boxes should be inspected to ensure that they do not contain wiring other than that specified in the documentation for the intrinsically safe system. The use of non hardening tape is to be avoided. (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 81 .(i) Obstructions in the vicinity of the equipment do not impair the efficient operation of the equipment. dirt and paint. All diode safety barrier installations should be inspected to ensure that the correct type of barriers have been fitted and that they remain firmly fixed to the barrier earth bar. (ii) (iii) (k) All conduit runs are tight and free from corrosion. etc. The earth path resistance must be measured. The machined surface may be protected with one of the BP approved greases. All installations should be inspected to ensure that relays and similar devices which act as safety barriers between circuits have not become damaged by repeated operation or vibration in a way which reduces the segregation afforded. (l) Ex ‘N’: Any hermetically-sealed or enclosed break devices should be examined for damage.
E-8. namely:Forms E-1. E-14. Such certificates must also be examined to determine whether the validity of the certificate is subject to specific installation instructions and further testing after installation. E-2. E-3.12. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 82 . Vendor dossiers must be examined to ensure that electrical components and equipment have been certified in compliance with BS 5345 or any other appropriate national standards and that relevant certificates are available e. C. e.3 Test Certificates There is no specific standard form for recording that the requirements of the procedure have been implemented. E.14. E-11. Special requirements for testing may be contained in the standard or specific code of practice for the equipment and this should be complied with prior to final energisation of the circuit.(n) General The particular earthing requirements of any of the above equipment must be clarified with reference to the specific code of practice for the equipment. BASEEFA.g. Form E-21 should be used to record the results of any testing required by the standard. code of practice or BASEEFA certificate to demonstrate suitability for use in a hazardous area. reference should be made to the relevant code of practice. And it is also recommended that where there is any ambiguity in the interpretation of the requirements. The following forms however make reference to this procedure and require endorsement to signify that the equipment and the standard of installation is suitable for use in hazardous areas. C.g.2 Testing The diversity of equipment and special components which are contained in a particular type of apparatus does not permit a generalisation of the testing required to demonstrate suitability for service in a hazardous area. E-6. E-15. E-5.2.14. testing of cables for intrinsically safe apparatus.2.
2 Mineral Insulating Oil The vessel containing the sample oil should be gently agitated and turned over several times to ensure even distribution of any impurities without forming air bubbles.2.2. The test shall be carried out six times on the same cell filling. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 83 . C. the voltage is reapplied one minute after the disappearance of any bubbles that may have been formed. or five minutes if observation is not possible.15.2. Samples are to be taken from each drum before filling.4 Test Certificate Form E-16 is to be used for recording the results of these tests.15 C. or from the conservator (where fitted) and the top and bottom of the tank. C.2.1 Procedure No.15.2.15.C.3 Silicone Insulating Oil BS 148 does not apply to silicone insulating oils but may be used as a general guide in the absence of any official publication.15. A similar test procedure shall be followed as for mineral insulating oils except that only three samples shall be taken. For the five subsequent tests. The first test should be carried out within ten minutes of filling. 15 . The electric strength is the average of the six results obtained from the test. NB: No tests are to be carried out on the oil in hermetically sealed transformers. each sample being tested only once and then discarded. C.Oil Insulation Tests These tests are to be carried out using a standard test cell conforming to the requirement of BS 148:1972.
1 Procedure No. It is useful to construct a graph of the insulation resistance varying as function of time. If the motor is not equipped with anti-condensation heaters then one of the methods described below must be adopted. C. When using the current circulated method of drying windings. the drying current shall not be applied via the brushes as this would cause hot spots at the contact areas between the brushes and slip-rings or commutator. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 84 . The use of high intensity heat sources must be avoided at all times due to possible damage caused by local hot spots.2. readings should be taken every 30 minutes until the rate of change of insulation resistance dictates otherwise (see typical drying curve). The rate of temperature increase should not exceed 5 C/HR. the rotor temperature shall be carefully monitored and it may be advisable to remove the rotor from the assembly if the temperature rise is too rapid. Fresh clean air circulation shall be provided to remove humid air produced by the drying process.2 Drying of Motors using Internal Heating Internal heating is obtained by circulating a low voltage AC or DC current through windings. The circulating current should not exceed 25% of the rated full load current and the allowable voltage is about 25% of the rated phase to phase voltage. For wound motors which are dried by current circulation.2.16. initial measurement of temperature shall be taken every 15 minutes during the first 3-5 hours to detect any undue temperature rises before damage occurs. Wound rotors need not be removed. but the bandages of the windings shall be monitored for undue temperature increase. Heat is to be applied gradually.16 C. The safest and most effective means of drying the winding of electrical drives is by utilising the anti-condensation heater circuits of the motor.C.16.16 .2.Drying of Electrical Rotating Machinery Drying of Windings in Rotating Electrical Machinery The application of heat to the windings must be carefully controlled. As a guide. This gives a clear picture of the drying process and an indication of the likely drying time. If AC is used for drying larger squirrel cage induction motors.
4 R3 INSULATION RESISTANCE (MEG OHMS) R2 R1 TIME (HOURS) R1 . GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 85 .16.C.16. ETC) R3 . Form E-8. The size of the heater used is dependent upon the machine frame and surrounding ambient conditions etc.2.16. All results are to be recorded.FINAL RESISTANCE OF WINDINGS C.5 Test Certificates There are no specific forms to be used for this procedure. the machinery should be covered with tarpaulin or similarly enclosed to promote a good heat distribution. the following relationship may be used:Heater size (KW) = Weight of M achine( kg ) 1000 C.2. As an approximate guide. but form E21 is to be used to record results.2.3 Drying of Motors using External Heating When drying motors using external heaters.MINIMUM RESISTANCE OF WINDINGS (DUE TO VAPORISATION. retained with the graphs and attached to the motor test certificate.RESISTANCE OF WINDINGS AT START OF DRYING OUT PROCESS R2 .
2 Testing Testing to determine the magnetising characteristics of current transformers is invaribly carried out at the Vendor’s works after assembly. it should not be necessary to carry out such testing at site unless doubt exists regarding the adequacy of Vendor testing or modification after initial assembly has invalidated the original vendor tests. It should also be ensured that adequate protection is given to the current transformers from moving parts of switchgear and from likely damage during installation of cables into the switchgear. this can be achieved in most cases by the removal of the unit from its plug-in housing and the insertion of a test plug or by inserting insulated plugs between the current transformer and relay coil sliding contacts or simply by disconnection of wiring. Protection must be put around any exposed primaries since dangerously high voltages will be produced during the testing period.17 C. it may be necessary in testing current transformers of ratings less than or equal to 1 ampere to have a step-up transformer in the test circuit to provide voltage above the local mains supply.17. 17 . C. since the magnetising current will not be sinusoidal a moving iron ammeter should be used.C. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 86 .3.17. ensure primary circuit is open circuited. If testing is considered necessary at site it is to be carried out in accordance with the procedure detailed below in C.3 Test Procedure Before any testing commences.126.96.36.199. The scale of the ammeter being graduated accordingly up to the secondary rating of the current transformer. and Vendor test certification should be checked for completeness and accuracy. this will be given on the nameplate/label affixed to the current transformer. C. Inspect the fixing arrangements for the current transformers ensuring that they are securely fixed and will not be damaged during transportation.2. in most cases this can be achieved by disconnecting the outgoing/incoming cables and opening the breaker or switch.2. Voltage is applied to the secondary of the current transformer by means of a variable voltage transformer or auto-transformer (primary at local mains voltage). The protective relay coils must then be disconnected from the current transformer.1 Procedure No. Therefore. type and ratio for the duty called for on the project and vendor drawings.2. An ammeter is connected in the test circuit.Current Transformer Magnetising Curve Inspection (Pre-Installation) Check the current transformers are the correct class.
This indicates the ‘knee point’ or ‘saturation level’ of the current transformer.4 Test Certificate Form E-17 is to be used for recording the results of the testing.The voltage applied should be slowly raised until the magnetising current can be seen to rise very rapidly for a small increase in voltage. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 87 .17. The magnetising current should then be recorded for several levels of applied secondary voltage as the voltage is reduced to zero. if carried out. C. and requires endorsement to confirm that all requirements of the procedure have been carried out satisfactorily.2. In general the ‘knee point’ level of the current transformer should be reached when the secondary voltage is raised until the magnetising current is equal to the rated secondary current.
fixing and identification are correct.1 Procedure No. E-2.2 Testing No testing of Junction Boxes is carried out. internal and external. Check that the classification and I. The following forms.Junction Box Inspection Inspection (Post-Installation) (i) (ii) (iii) Ensure that the Junction Box location is correct to drawing. Ensure that the earthing.188.8.131.52 Test Certificates There is no specific standard form for recording that the requirements of the procedure have been implemented. (iv) (v) (vi) (vii) (viii) (ix) C. is correct. 18 . namely:Forms E-1.18. Ensure that grease and gaskets are correctly installed. Ensure that the glands and accessories are correctly fitted and unused cable entries are plugged.18. For hazardous area installations.18 C. however. procedure 15 must be followed. make reference to this procedure and require endorsement to confirm that the junction boxes and the standard of installation is suitable for the intended service. Ensure that the Junction Box is adequately supported and identified. Ensure that the terminal type. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 88 . size. E-15.2. Ensure that the box is correctly sealed. E-11. C.C.P rating are to specification. as required.2.
C.Neutral Earthing Resistors Owing to both the variety of schemes and the diverse types of relay in use.2.2.2.Lighting and Small Power Distribution . Forms E-18 (Primary Injection Test Certificate). shall be completed for all protective and indication devices. a test certificate is to be completed which shows clearly the portion of scheme and the specific part of the circuit tested.2.19 C.1 Procedure No. C.3 GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 89 .C.19. E-20 (Voltmeter/Ammeter Secondary Injection Test Certificate) and continuation sheets if required. and records accurately the results of the testing carried out.Power Transformers .Testing of Protection and Meter Circuitry The equipment covered by the following procedures may require testing of protection and/or meter circuitry by means of primary and/or secondary injection.Fuse Switches . no attempt has been made to produce a detailed standard testing procedure.Motors . 19 .2 For each type of relay or meter tested. E-19 (Secondary Injection Test Certificate).Contactor Starters .19. namely:Procedure 2 3 4 5 6 7 10 11 -Switchboards and busbars .19.Circuit Breakers .
The procedure numbers shown on the following test sheets refer to the procedures as listed in this document only.3 TEST CERTIFICATE PROFORMA’S Form No.P. E-1 E-2 E.3 E-4 E-5 E-6 E-7 E-8 E-9 E-10 E-11 E-13 E-14 E-15 E-16 E-17 E-18 E. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 90 .B.C. Small Power Distribution Test Neutral Earthing Resistor Test Certificate Trace Heating Element Test Certificate Trace Heating Circuit Test Certificate Insulating Oil Test Certificate Current Transformer Magnetising Curve Primary Injection Test Certificate Secondary Injection Test Certificate Voltmeter-Ammeter Certificate Secondary Injection Test General Test Certificate Check List of Electrical Equipment in Hazardous Areas N.S Test Certificate Lighting & Certificate.19 E-20 E-21 EC-1 Test Certificate Description MV Cable Test Certificate High Voltage Test Certificate Switchboard & Busbars Test Certificate Circuit Breaker Test Certificate Contactor Starter Test Certificate Fuse Switch Test Certificate Power Transformer Test Certificate Electric Motor Test Certificate Batteries & Battery Charger Test Certificates (Sheet 1 and 2) U.
c. or 600 volts a.c.c. checking and adjustment. An example of a typical permit.c. High voltage: Normally exceeding 1000 volts a. earthing is not required for isolation of electrical equipment for the purpose of work on associated mechanical equipment). An example of a typical isolation certificate. and main low voltage (LV) Plant or equipment where isolation has to be made at high voltage (e. between conductors and earth. When equipment has not been handed over. and it becomes necessary to carry out testing. ISOLATION CERTIFICATE The purpose of an isolation certificate is to ensure the systematic and thorough isolation of any item of plant or equipment from sources of energy that might jeopardise the safety of anyone working upon the item.APPENDIX D INFORMATION .HEALTH AND SAFETY PERMIT TO WORK SYSTEM . is shown in Appendix D. Low voltage: Normally exceeding 50 volts a.c. where applicable. is shown in Appendix D. isolated and. between conductors. or 120 volts d.c. or 900 volts d.c.ELECTRICAL AND INSTRUMENTATION All work on equipment which has been handed over to the Operator will be carried out under the Operator’s permit system. but not exceeding 1000 volts a. or 1500 volts d. The Authorised Electrical Engineer must make known to the competent persons which electrical equipment is dead. between any conductor and earth. the work must be carried out under a Construction permit.c. which may be adopted to suit local site conditions. PERMIT CONDITIONS The work must be carried out by competent electrical persons as required by statutory regulations and the Electrical Work Permit must be signed and issued only by an Authorised Electrical Engineer who is appointed by the person responsible for the equipment. has been energised. between conductors..2. It also ensures that no de-isolation takes place until those involved with the work are clear and until it is safe for the plant or equipment.1. which may be adapted to suit local site conditions.c. connected to earth and on which it is safe to work (e. or 600 volts a. A permit is required for electrical work on any high voltage (HV) plant or equipment. the electrical system from the LV side of the HV/LV transformer to the LV switchboard bus bars including cabling and incoming switchgear.c. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 91 . or 900 volts d.g.g. or 1500 volts d. This may be the RE or the main contractor but not both.
PROBLEM AREAS There will be some areas of work which cannot be clearly resolved into either the Operator’s or the Constructor’s permit system. MOV’s. e. Meter Banks.g. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 92 . 3. Make the work subject to both the Operator’s and the Constructor’s permit systems. has not yet been handed over to the Operator.An isolation certificate must be used whenever the work to be performed requires more than one discipline. These include:(a) Plant which is inside an operational area. is electrically complete. or is expected to extended beyond a shift change. Experience has shown a tendency for one discipline to carry out work on equipment which has been isolated for another. Surge Packages. if a gang of fitters. electrical and instrumentation disciplines. a gang of electricians and a gang of instrument engineers are working on the same equipment during the same period then three isolation certificates should be displayed at the locking off point. For example. lighting switchboards. 2. which has not been handed over to the Operator since it is not yet acceptable. As each gang finishes work their certificate should be removed and only when all three certificates have gone should the equipment be energised. (b) The problems can only be resolved on site but the following solutions are offered:1. Discipline engineers must ensure that permit work is carried out only under cover of an isolation certificate which has been issued specifically to them. e. but which has been energised for operational requirements. This presents the possibility of the equipment being energised when the ‘official’ discipline has finished work but whilst the ‘unofficial’ work is still in progress. A variation of this scheme is to have one isolation certificate with three tear-off sections at the bottom for use by mechanical. and Plant which is inside an operational area. The certificate must be displayed at the locking off point and will remain valid until the de-isolation is certified by the competent persons in the disciplines involved. This will probably be the least attractive solution. Isolate the plant from the substation until such time that the plant is acceptable to the Operator. regardless of any other certificates issued for the same equipment. Ask the Operator to accept the plant in its incomplete state. but has been energised to permit instrumentation precommissioning to proceed.g. No equipment must be energised until ALL the isolation certificates have been removed.
(Signed) …………………………. ……………………………………………. (Signed) . ……………………. No attempt will be made by me or by persons under my control to work on any other equipment.. work has to be done ……………………………………………. Line diagram/sketch attached Yes No Delete as appropriate Issue I CERTIFY that the above safety precautions have been carried out and that the equipment listed is dead. equipment has been isolated and locked off ……………………………………………. It will NOT be made live until clearance is given by the recipient of this a permit. ……………………(time) …………………... earthed at the following points and ‘danger’ …………………………………………….(time) …………………. APPENDIX D.1 ………………………………… ……………………………… ………………………………… Exact description of equipment on which ……………………………………………. notices posted …………………………………………….. Isolation Certificate No The equipment to be worked on has been …………………………………………….. from the supply ……………………………………………..(date)…. All persons under my control have been withdrawn and warned that it is no longer safe to work on the equipment (Signed)………………………….…(date)………………………... Exact description of how the above …………………………………………….……………………………(date) … Receipt I ACCEPT RESPONSIBILITY for carrying out work on the equipment listed on this permit.. Brief description of work to be done …………………………………………….. Clearance I DECLARE that the work for which this permit was issued has been completed and that the equipment is ready for service.. ……………………………………………. Cancellation This permit to work is hereby cancelled GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 93 ...ELECTRICAL WORK PERMIT Contractor ……………………………… Location Voltage Serial No.(time) …………………..
………………. GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 94 .(time)………………….(Signed)………………………………(date)……….
TIME…………DATE…. ………………………………………………………………………………………… SUPPLY IS NOW ISOLATED …………………….Serial No……………………………. DATE……….. ………………………………………………………………. (Contractor’s Competent Person-Tradesman) WORK COMPLETED: SIGNED …………………..TIME……….. DATE………....... (Contractor’s Competent Person-Tradesman) WORK COMPLETED: SIGNED …………………. ABOVE WORK NOW COMPLETED.APPENDIX D. CHECKED AND RECONNECTION OF SUPPLY CAN NOW BE MADE SIGNED (Contractor’s Competent Person-Tradesman) …………………………….TIME………... EQUIPMENT NO…………………… (Here specify by name the equipment requiring isolation) A DETAILS OF WORK TO BE CARRIED OUT……………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………… AUTHORISED BY…………………………………….G. (Contractors Competent Person-Tradesman) TIME…………DATE……….DATE……… ELECTRICAL SUPPLY RECONNECTED BY…………………………………. DATE……… (M/C Authorised Person) METHOD OF ISOLATING ELECTRICAL SUPPLY ………………………………. (M/C) Authorised Person) STATE HERE ANY ADDITIONAL WORK CARRIED OUT ON ELECTRICAL CONNECTIONS/EQUIPMENT AT TIME OF. DATE……….…(M/C AUTHORISED PERSON) TIME………. (Contractor’s Competent Person-Supv.…………………………. MOTOR DISCONNECTED/CONNECTED)……………………………………………………. RECEIVED BY…………………………………………TIME………...…… B C D E F G H J K GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 95 ... ISOLATE…………………………………………….TIME……….... TIME…………. DATE………. OR SUBSEQUENT TO ISOLATION (E.TIME……….2 ELECTRICAL ISOLATION CERTIFICATE Contractor……………………………………………. ANY WORK CARRIED OUT UNDER (H) IS NOW COMPLETED AND CHECKED AND RECONNECTION OF SUPPLY CAN NOW BE MADE.. (Contractor's Competent Person-Supv.…. DATE………. (Contractor’s Competent Person-Supv) ……………………………………………….) WORK HAS NOW BEEN COMPLETED AND ELECTRICAL RECONNECTION CAN NOW BE MADE AUTHORISED BY …………………………………….) RECEIVED ON THE JOB BY …………………………TIME……… DATE……….
(M/C AUTHORISED PERSON) GS 112-1 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING -SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP PAGE 96 .