You are on page 1of 96

rU= vf/kdkj

eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

rU= vf/kdkj
eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

Visit our website:- www


.jainmuniprarthnasagar
.com
www.jainmuniprarthnasagar
.jainmuniprarthnasagar.com
Email:- muniprarthnasagar@gmail.com
423

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

-



U
S


U U

(U) U
()
U U


N


,fDtek jksx
ew= jksx
S
U U U U

U U CU
lsvk gksus ij



434
434
436
437
437
437
438
439
439
439
439
439
440
440
440
440
440
441
441
441
441
441
442
442
442
442
442
443
443




U
Q

dqB jksx ij ra=
a


S ()

U
S
S
ukeZn cukus ds fy,
S
#
U
S
U U

izlo ds fy,
, , UU
Q
()

h

f U
455
424

443
443
443
443
444
444
444
444
444
445
446
446
446
447
447
448
448
448
449
449
450
450
450
451
451
452
453
453
454

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

?
455
457
lq[kh oSokfgd thou
458
S
459
dk;Z lQyrk gsrq
459
h 460
Q
464
/ku ykHk
464
euksdkeuk iw.kZ
468
h
468

468
cyk, nwj djsa
469

469
C () Q U UU 470

470

470
nqeu ij fot;
471
jktk dh rjg lEeku feysa 472
tqvk esa thr
472
#
472

473

473
Hkw[k I;kl T;knk gks
473

474
U
474
hU
475

475

475
U
476

477
U, 477

478

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

U

c U
h


vn`;
U ()
u{k= vf/kdkj




-
U U
-
L-
S-
S
U
UU

:nzk{k dYi
e;wj fk[kk dYi
lgnsoh dYi
U

U




-

425

478
478
478
478
479
480
481
481
484
486
487
488
489
490
493
493
496
498
501
502
502
503
504
504
504
505
505
505
506
506
508
508
509

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=


U


U
UQ
UQ

(U)
UU
-
/ U U
xzg nksk fuOkj.k ouLifr ewy tM+ rU=
xzg nksk fuOkj.k rU= Luku erkUrj ls
loZ xzg ihM+ nwj djus gsrq vkS/khk; Luku

L kAA

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

510
510
510
511
511
511
512
513
514
514
514
516
516
517
518

'kfUrAA
426

k7

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

ra=k vf/kdkj
-l
UU U U U U U
U U SU U U U l
SU - U U U U U
S U U - , , U,
, , , U UU
SM U U
U U U U- l, , (S), ,
L U- U, U, UU U S SM
U U- U U Uv. l- U, U U rU
S UU U U U U -- U
U U U l U
w. - U U , M U
UU Ur U U U
x. (S)- (UU), () ()
U (-) U U ( mUU) U U S
U
y. - UU U U U hU U
Z S U U U, U
U U # U U U U
z. - UU U () U U
U U U U U U
c UU U U S U U
427

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

U l c U hU # U U U U
hU U U # U U
-
h r-, h- -
Q r- - c
(), (), Q- () U
r- Q
h c
h - U
- , ,
a S, l L
, - S
Lh
-
Q m s c
, , , C
Q , ,
- , m
- U
m,
UU U ,

, lk/dksa ls esjk uez fuosnu gS fd fdlh
vfucV o nqcV Hkkouk ls ;s iz;ksx dHkh dke esa u yk;saA D;ksafd vius fd;s gq,
nqcdeksZa ds iki ls vusd tUeksa esa nq[k, ihM+k, dcV Hkksxuk iM+rk gSA


- Q cV S Q
Q- , , ,

- , ,

428

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

- ,
,
-, C, S, , , , , ,
m, . (33)
U, , , , , , , @
,
- Q-
S
, v. h,
w. , r
,
x. ,
y. , , , U
U-
z. S, U
{. U D-S (
)
|. U
c, .
,

}. - - M
- (q UZ
D 521 )
9.
ra= esa ftu vkS"kf/k;ksa dk iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gS] mu vkS"kf/k;ksa ds
fHkUu&fHkUu 'kfDr vf/k"Bkrk nso gSAa blfy, vf/k"Bkrk nso dks loZiFz ke
ueLdkj dj ysuk pkfg,A gj iz;ksx ds fy, fo'okl o J)k j[kuk
vko';d gSA papyrk o vfo'okl ls iz;ksx fu"Qy gksrk gSA
10- iapkax& QYk] Qwy] tM+] iks o Nky dks iapkax dgrs gSaA
11- iap eSy& dku dk eSy] nkar dk eSy] vk[k dk eSy] ftOgk dk eSy o
429

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

Looh;Z dks iapeSy dgrs gSAa


12- ewy& fdlh Hkh ikS/ks o o`{k dh tM+ dks ewy dgrs gSAa
13- cUnk& fdlh Hkh o`{k ij dksbZ nwljk ikS/kk mx vk,] mls cUnk dgrs gSa
mnkgj.kkFkZ] tSls ,d oV o`{k gS] ml ij /kwy ds lkFk dksbZ cht fxj x;k
gks] og mx vk,] mls cUnk dgrs
=kVd ds eq[; rhu Hksn gS% 1- vkUrj =kVd] 2- e/; =kVd] 3- ckg~;
=kVdA
vkUrj =kVd& us= cUn dj Hkzew /;] ukfldk dk vxzHkkx] ukfHk rFkk n;
vkfn LFkkuksa ij p{kq o`fk dh Hkkouk djds ns[krs jguk vkUrj =kVd gSAa
e/; =kVd& /kkrq vFkok iRFkj fufeZr oLrq] dkyh L;kgh ds /kCcs vkfn ij
[kqys us=ksa ls VdVdh yxkdj ns[krs jguk e/; =kVd gSA
ckg~; =kVd& nhid] pUnz] u{k= o izkr% mfnr gksrs gq, lw;Z rFkk vU; nwjorhZ
n`';ksa ij n`f"V fLFkj djus dh fdz;k dks ckg~; =kVd dgrs gSAa
okhdj.k ra=& ea= iz;ksx ls igys =kVd dks fl) dj ysuk t:jh gSA
bldks fl) djus ds ckn gh o; vkfn dk iz;ksx djus pkfg,A
e/;e fof/k ls gh =kVd djuk pkfg,A mlds fy, lkekU; rFkk
fuEukafdr ckrksa dk /;ku j[kuk vko;d gS&
=kVd ds vH;kl ls us= vkSj efr"d esa xehZ c<+rh gS] vr% bl fdz;k ds djus
okyksa ds fy, f=Qyk o xqykc ty ls vk[kksa dks /kks ysuk vko';d gSA
fQj /khjs&/khjs n`f"V dks nk,a&ck,a] ij uhps ?kqek ysa rkfd ruko fudy
tk,A
mPpkVu fof/k& loZiFz ke ?k.Vkd.kZ ewyea= dk tkI; djsAa ml le; if'pe
fn'kk dh vksj eqg djs]a ihys oL= igusa ihys jax dh ekyk ysa vkSj 42 fnu
esa 44000 tkI; djsaA fuR; tki yxHkx 1000 djsaA izkr% dky 250]nksigj
250] lk;a dky 250] o v/kZjkf= esa 250 bl izdkj foHkkx dj ysosaA vkSj
ftrus fnu tkI; djuk gS mrus fnu fu;e o dze ls djsAa rFkk izR;sd
fnu v"V nzO; ls iwtk djsa vkSj tki gks tkus ds ckn gou djsAa
gou lkexzh& ljlks]a cgsMk+ dM+ok rsy ljlksa dk rsy dks feykdj nsonk
ftldk mPpkVu djuk gks] ml dk uke ysrs tkosa vkSj gou esa lkexzh
Mkyrs tkosAa ,slk djus ls nsonk dks fo?u o fuxzg gksrs gSAa bl izdkj
nsonk dk mPpkVu gksrk gSA
430

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

-- ?
! S, , h
h m C
Q U
U, -
() U
S ; U
U


-
, S U
C U

~ U
U
a
a
L
U U ,
U S -

a
a


v.
w.

- h, # h



431

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

x.

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

, D h
,


v.
w.
x.
y.

- Q SS
S U
Q D
#

- S
S U, U
U - #
, S ,
U

h M M S
S ()
c l

S
S
S U U,
, #

*
U- U-
U- U


- U
- -w S
U
- h
432

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

C g
,
U
h , ,
m , U , ,
h ,
, m , , ,
S ,
- #, S,
, m , #
U
S S
-
, , ,
, , ,
- , , L, U, , , , , ,
S, ,
L ,
, ,
Q h h -
S L


------0-------

[
433

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

U
(1)

S

, S
,




U
()

(U S )


, Q, S ,
S ( )

(2)
(1) - ,
, , U , U xv
,
(2) -,
U O - Z
- #
(3) vlk/; chekjh Hkh djekys dh Qyh ikl j[kus ls Bhd gks tkrh gSA
434

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

(4) - M
, P
| U U U
Q U

(5) Q -
Q
(6) - (),
, , ,
, , U
(7) U UU U

(8) - U ^
,
(9) - U , _ U, _
, ,
U U |
U , |
(10) SS - U- SS Q
() SS
Q
Q SS Q
(11) U (SS ) - U ( )
U a
P a
a U SS Q
( ) S U U
Q SS
jksx kk
Ur dk mik; &jkf= dks jksxh ds fljgkus :i;k nks :i;s j[ksAa izkr% dky
kkfUr
Hkaxh teknkj dks nsAa ;g f;k 43 fnu yxkrkj djsa ;g iwoZ tUe dk _.k gSA
tks pqdkuk gh iM+sxkA blls jksx kkUr gks tkrk gSA
435

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

(3)
(1) U UU U UU U U U
(2) - U L S
U

(3) - U U

(4) -
(5) - U U

(6) - U

(7) -
U

L
(8) - () U
U

(9) - U

(10) - ^

(11) - U U
U

(12) - U
Q

436

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

13 vikekxZ dh tM+ vfookfgr ds gkFk ls jksxh ds gkFk esa ca/kokus ls lHkh


izdkj ds Tojksa dk fuokj.k gksrk gS blesa la'k; ugha gSA
14 Toj [kRe gks& 'ke'kku dh feV~Vh esa dks;yk feykdj mlesa gFkuh dk
nw/k Mky nsa vkSj uhys oL= ls rkcht cukdj jksxh ds xys esa ck/k nsa rks
Toj [kRe gks tk,xkA
15 U

16 U
17 U
18 tVkekalh dh ewy ysdj mlds lkr le Hkkx djds mUgsa yky jax ds /kkxs
esa fijksdj Hkqtk esa /kkj.k djus ls lHkh izdkj ds Toj ,oa isfpk

(4)
1
2
3

U U U U
U
S

(5) U
1 U CU U - c U U, U, U U
c S U U U U U S ,
U c , U U ,
U U U
2 ek dk nw/k vk[kksa esa Mkyus ls nq[krh vk[ksa Bhd gks tkrh gSaA
3 U - U ()
S U , U
4 - U ^ U

(6) S
(1) SU U U UU U , U
S U
437

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

(2) - U

(3) - v. U ,

(4) U
(5) - , (),

(6) - ( ,
) U (S )
-(7) c`gLifrokj dks dsokap dh tM+ ihldj ekFks ij yxkus ls vPNh uhan rFkk vfuankz
ls NqVdkjk feyrk gSA
(8) -
(9) UU - UU U U UU U
(10) - S U

(7)
1 vk/kk flj nnZ nwj& lQsn fpjeh dh tM+ f?kldj la?w ks rks vk/kk 'kh'kh
jksx u"V gksrk gSA
(2) -
(3) vk/k 'kh'kh nnZ nwj &1- ukS'kknj vkSj cM+h byk;ph ds fNyds nksuksa dks
ckjhd ihl dj ftl rjiQ ds ukfldk fN esa lw?a ks mlh rjiQ dk vk/k 'kh'kh
dk nnZ nwj gks tk,xkA
(4) liQsn pUnu dks dkV dj mlesa xwxy dh /wi nsdj vxj viuh Hkqtk esa
ck/s rks vk/k 'kh'kh nnZ nwj gks tk;sA
(5) - Q
, U


(6) () U
(7) U- (S , ,
U, , )
438

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj


(8) U-

(8)
(1) - U U

(2) -
U Q
(3) - U
#
(4) S h

(5) Q- U |
,

(9) U U
(1) U U ^U U UQ U U
(2)
(2) vknzkZ u{k= ;qDr kqokj dks lQsn dusj dh tM+ ykdj lQsn /kkxs esa Mkydj
xys esa /kkj.k djus ls udlhj ugha gksrh gSA

(10)
(1) - Q ,
S UU U c
U

(11) (U) U
(1) U U U U U U U
U - () U U

(12) ()
(1) S - () U U
439

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

U S

(13) U U
(1) -
(2) U
(3) U U U UU
UU, U U U U U U
(4) U UU U U U
U U
(14)
(v) - (UUU) U
(2) ykscku ikS/ks dh tM+ mkjkkk<+ u{k= esa fdlh jfookj esa ?kj ykdj fof/kor
iwtk djsAa rRipkr~ jksxh ds xys ea xqykch /kkxs esas /kkj.k djsa blls [kklh
esa vkjke gskrk gSa

(15)
(1)- lQsn dVsyh dh tM+ T;sBk u{k= ;qDr cq/kokj dks gjs /kkxs esa /kkj.k djus ls
nek vkfn jksxksa ls vkjke feyrk gSA

(16) N
(1) mkjk QkYxquh u{k= lw;Z esa csr dh tM+ [kksndj vius ?kj ij ykosA xqykch
/kkxs esa nkfguh Hkqtk esa MkysA blls gznz ; iqV ,oa jDr lapkj larfq yr jgsxkA
-(2) fo/kkjk dh tM+ T;sBk u{k= esa nkfguh Hkqtk esa gjs /kkxs esa Mkyus ls jDrpki
esa ykHk gksrk gSA
-(3) ewy u{k= esa rkM+ dh tM+ ykdj eaxyokj dks /kkj.k djus ls vEyrk ds jksx
Bhd gks tkrs gSAa
(4) tlkSna h dh tM+ eaxyokj dks nkfguh Hkqtk esa Mkyus ls vEyrk jksx dk fuokj.k
gksrk gSA
(17)
(1) - wv U U

(2) - U
(3) - () U
440

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj


(4) U- U U U
U U U U
(5) eaxyokj dks xqykc dh U [kksndj ykdj yky /kkxs esa Hkqtk esa /kkj.k djsAa
ftlls vth.kZ lac/a kh jksx nwj gksrs gaAS
(18)
(1) , vw.z U
(19) ,fDtek jksx
(1) dusj dh tM+ dh Nky dks 4 xq.k frYyh ds rsy esa bruk idk;sa dh tydj
dkyh gks tk;sA Nkudj j[k ysA bls gj jkst ,fDtek ij yxk;sa rFkk 3&4
ihiy dh dksiysa Hkh [kk;sa bl izdkj ,fDtek Bhd gks tkrk gSA
(20) ew= jksx
(1) dsys ds o`{k dh Nky dk jl xkS ds ?kh ds lkFk jksxh dks nsAa ftlls ew= dh
tyu kkUr gksrh gSA bldks lskeokj ;k panzek ds u{k= gLr] jksfg.kh] Jo.k
;k panzek ds gksjk esa yk;saA

(21) S
(1) S - U U

(2) S- U U S

(22) U U U U
(1) S CUUU () U U U
U (S) U U, U -

(2) UcU U U U CU U
U
(3)

(4) U- U U U U U
U U CU U U
441

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

(5) U U U UU U
U U U S U
U U U
(6) S- , U
, U,
(7) U- U U U U CU
U U
(8) fokk[kk u{k= ;qDr c`gLifrokj dks ;k gksjk esa dkys /krwjs dh tM+ dks dej
esa ck/kus ls coklhj ls vkjke feyrk gSA

(23)
(1) 'kqokj ;k 'kq dh gksjk esa ljia[kk dh tM+ nkfguh Hkqtk esa Mkyus ls e/kqegs
jksx esa vkjke jgrk gSA
(24) U U CU
(1) U CU U U UU U U UU
US (U) U CU U U

(25) lsvk gksus ij


(2) lsvk gksus ij &'kjhj esa lQsn&lQsn fpV~Vs ;k dHkh&dHkh xys&isV vkfn
esa fpV~Vs gks tkrs gSa mUgsa ls
s vk dgrs gSAa rks ;fn ls
s vk gksa rks 'kksp
a (VV~Vh)
djrs le; tks is'kkc fudys mlsa ,d crZu esa j[k ysa fQj xqnk lkQ djus
ds ckn mUgha gkFkksa ls ml is'kkc dks lssvksa ij yxk;s]a fQj 25 feuV ckn
Luku dj ysa vkSj ,slk ;ksx rhu fnu djsa vFkok rhu jfookj cq/kokj djsa rks
fuf'pr gh lsvksa ls eqfDr feyrh gSA

(26)
(1) - U

(2)
(y/z)

(27)
(1) U
U -
442

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

- #
(28)
(1) S

(2) S - ^
v
(3) - v , v.
v , v , v .,
z , U ,
c
, U C-C
(4) tks iq#"k ,d rksyk eqygBh ds pw.kZ dks ?kh vkSj pkluh ('kgn) esa feykdj
pkaVs vkSj nw/ dk vuqiku djs rks og vfr osxoku gks tkrk gSA

( 29)
(1) - U
SS

(30)
(1) - U U
U SS

(31)
(1) - U
wv U-U U
S

(32)
(1) -
(2) iquuZok cqVh dh tM+ dks lkQ djds NksV&
s NksVs VqdM+kas esa dkVdj bldh ekyk
jksxh dks Mkyus ls dqN fnuks esa ik.Mq jksx ihfy;k fuokj.k gksrk gSA

(33) U
443

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

(1) U UU UU U
U
(2) - wv
(3) - #
(4)

(34) Q
(5) Q - U

(35)
(1) -
w|

(36) dq"B jksx


(1)- fcNqvk dh tM iq"; u{k= ;qDr 'kfuokj dks yksgs ds rkcht esa Mkydj dkys
/kkxs esa /kkj.k djus ls dq"B jksx Bhd jgrk gSA

(37) a -
(1) a - - U U U
U Q a , ,
- U

(38)
(1) U #
(2) - U


(3) - (UUU) U
(4) U
(5)

444

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

(6) U ^

(7)

8 ckyd d j{kk& /k`r,vkd dk nw/k, duVh esufly vkSj foo Hkskt
lksBa dk ysi djus ls Hkh Hkwrxzg O;kf/k fo?uksa ls ckyd dh j{kk gksrh gSA

(39)
1 ckyd ds nkar fudyus dk Qy& ;fn ckyd nkar fudys gq, iSnk
gks vFkok mlds igys ekg esa nkar fudy vkosa rks ckyd lEiw.kZ dqy dks
u"V dj nsrk gSA nwljs ekg esa fudys gq, nkar firk vFkok ckyd ds
vR;Ur 'kh?kz uk'k dks izkIr gksus dks lwfpr djrs gSAa rhljs ekg esa
ekrk&firk ;k Lo;a ckyd dh gh e`R;q gksA pkSFks ekg esa vius ls cMs+
HkkbZ ;k Hkkuts dh e`R;q gksA ikap ekg esa fudys nkar ls firk dh lEifk
tukoj vkfn u"V gksrs gSASa NBs ekg esa fudys rks loZuk'k gksdj [kwc
dyg gksrh gS lkrosa ekg esa /ku/kkU;kfn u"V gks tkrs gSAa
(2) - U
#
(3) U U U U

(4) - wv U


(5) -
U

(6) U U U U U
UU U UU L U U U
U U U L U
(7) c U U CU
U
445

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

(8) -

(40) S ()
(1) U - U U U, U,
, , U
, U
U

(41)
(1) -
U ,
(2) L
Q

, U U
U
(3) SU U UU SU
U

(42) U
(1) -
U
U ,
U
(2) U - ;fn U U , SS (
) ,
(, ) S Q

(3) - L
U
Q ,
446

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

S
(4) - , U- U
U m ,
Q

(5)

(6) - U U

(7) - U Q | w U
(8) C -

(9) - U
,
(10) SS- Q U
Q SS
(11) - y L
, |
,
12 gkFkh dh yhn pknh ds rkcht esa Hkjdj cPps dks igukus ls Hkwr&izrs
ck/kk o tknw&Vksus dk izHkko ugha gksrkA

(43) S
(1) S - U
- S U

(44) S
(1) S -
U U S
U w-x

447

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

(2) S - S
S
(3) S U Q U c
U U U U U U, UU
UU U U, U UU, U, U U
U S S U U U
(4) U 2.4-3.2 U U
dej esa ck/kus ls S U U
(45) ukenZ cukus ds fy,
(1) ukenZ cukus ds fy, &rkcs ds irjs ij yksgs dh dye ls vkneh dk uke
fy[ksa vkSj mls mlds uhps j[k nsa rks og ukeZn cu tk,xkA
(2) dke okluk u lrk, &iq"; u{k=k esa fdlh yksgs ds irjs ij vius ygw ls
viuk uke fy[kdj vius ikl j[ksa rks dke okluk dHkh ugha lrk,xhA
(46) S
1. S U U U U
S U S U U
8. S S
S
5. U S
( , ,
)
4. Q- U
U
5- oh;Z LFkafHkr& yaxMs+ vke dh tM+ dks dej esa cka/kus ls iq:"k dk oh;Z
LFkafHkr gksrk gSA
(47) #
1. # - L c () U
, S v} U
S
448

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

234.
5.

6.

7.
8.
9-

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

xHkZ LFkkiu& iwokZ QkYxquh u{k= esa oV o`{k dh tM+ dks viuh Hkqtk esa
/kkj.k djus ls vo'; xHkZ LFkkiu gksrk gSA
xHkZ jgs& xs:] gh&Mehl fonzx
a ] ihiy leHkkx ysdj ihls]a fQj laHkksx
ds le; iku djus ls L=h xHkZoku gksrh gSA
U UU U U, U ,
U,S U UU U U
S , c
U U ,
wz , | S

S S, S
S S S S

iq=k gh iSnk gks; &fdlh dks vxj dU;k gksrh gks rks fcyko vkSj flag dk
uk[kwu rkcht esa e<+ok dj nkfguh Hkqtk esa ck/s rks vo'; gh iq=k gksA
S
U
ftl L=h ds yM+fd;ka gksos vkSj yM+dk u gksos rks og L=h iq:k brokj ds
fnu Hkxoku ds eafnj esa Hkxoku ds ihNs tkosa vkSj fdlh ls u cksydj mYVk
LokfLrd cukosa nksukssa L=h iq:k fu;eiwoZd [kM+s gksosa] iq:k vPNh dslj ls
LokfLrd cukos fdlh ls cksys ugha] fQj Hkxoku ds lEeq[k vk tkosa iq= U
gksxk lR; gSA

(48) U
1.
2.
3-

U-c U(U )
UU U U U U U
- U
xHkZL=ko o xHkZikr gks rks& [kjsVa h dh tM+ dks dU;k ds dkrs gq, lwr
esa ck/kdj dej essa yisaVsaA
(49)

S
449

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

12.

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

() ( U ) c
S
D U S C c
S x S

(50) d U U
1.
dU U U d U U
2. U S
3- dkyh ewlyh dh tM+ dks gkFk o ikao esa cka/kus ls :dk gqvk xHkZ fxj tkrk
gSA
(51)
1.
() ^ U
, wv
,
2- Jo.k ;qDr lkseokj dks izkr%dky f[kUu o`{k dh tM+ lQsn /kkxs esa nkfgus Hkqtk
esa /kkj.k djsa ftlls lHkh izdkj ds ekfld /keZ lEcU/kh jksx nwj gksrs gSAa

(52) izlo ds fy,


1.

- S U
U
2.
- U () U
U UU U S U

3nq/kh dks ukSlkn djys vkosa fQj xHkZorh L=h ds flj ij j[kus ls ckyd
gksos kh?kz gh fueaf=r dks izlwfr gksosA
3.
- U
4.
U U S

5.
U S
C
- U
6.
- U
U
450

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=
7-

8-

9--

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

xHkZ tkp yM+dk ;k yM+dh & xHkZ /kkj.k ds dqN le; ckn xHkkZ'k; dk
ikuh ysdj mlesa ihlh gqbZ gYnh MkysA ;fn mldk jax uhyk gks tk, rks iq=h
gksrh gSA
izlo ds fy,& bankz ;.k dh tM+ dks ikuh esa ihldj blesa ?k`r feykdj
uhps dks eq[k fd;s gq, ukfHk ds uhps ysi djus ls ljyrk ls izlo gks
tkrk gSA
Lokfr u{k= ;qDr okj ;k ds gksjk esa vj.Ms dh tM+ lQsn /kkkxs esa
dej esa ck/kus ls iznj jksx Bhd jgrk gSA

(53) , , UU
(1) , , UU -
- ^ U

(2) -

(3) UU -
U Q vv
Q U |
(4) -

(54) Q
(1) Q - Q LC

^
U Q
(2) Q - Q S

S , Q

(3) Q - , , ,
U,
451

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

Q
(4) Q - Q S
yx Q

5 jfoiq"; u{k= esa NqbZ eqbZ ds iapkx dks xzg.k djds Nk;k esa lq[kkdj fQj
tks euq"; dbZ fnuksa ls [kks x;k gks] mlds diM+s esa cka/k nso]as f=dky ml
disM+s ij dksM+s ekjsa] rks [kks;k euq"; vkrk gSA

(55) ()
1 rky dks eB~Bs esa ihldj feV~Vh lfgr iqryh cuk,aA ml iqryh dks ftlds
x`g esa xkfn;k tk, mlds ?kj dk x`g Dys'k lekIr gks tkrk gSA
(2) %

(3) U

(4) #
(5) U S UU M m
U
6 fo'kk[kk u{k= esa fuoZL= gksdj uhe dh tM+ mkj fn'kk dh vksj mxh tM+
dks drj dj yk,a vkSj mls fdlh ds ?kj esa Mky nsus ls ogka dyg gksrk
gSA tM+ dks nwj djus ls gh dyg ls fuo`fk gksrh gSA
(7) Q - u{k= Q
Q
(8) -
% %

(9) - U ,
, , P , U S ,

452

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

(10) -
U, h
(11) -
v
(12) - % # L
_
, , , U, U
(13) - ,
L, _ , _ , P,
U
U U
C h
(14) S -
U S
(15) -

(56)
(1) - m Q

(2) - -, , z U |
,
m
(57) h
(1) wv S
( ) ~ h () U
S , h S U
U
( ) U U

U C S wv
h
453

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

(2) - , z
c
U


(3) m

(4) U ,

m
(6)nf{k.k }kj okys njokts ds Hkou esa jgus ls /ku&gkfu ,oa vusd dV gkrs gSA
mik;& mlds fy, ?kj ij feV~Vh dk cUnj j[ksa ftldk eqga nf{k.k fnkk dh vksj
gks A

(58)
(1) ,
, % , :
2 ?kj esa VwV&
s QwVs crZu] VwVh pkjikbZ vkfn ugha j[kuh pkfg, D;ksfa d VwV&
s QwVs
crZuksa ls dyg jgrk gS% tcfd VwVh pkjikbZ ls /ku dh deh gksrh gSA
3 fuR; LoPNrk j[kus ls Hkh /kukxe gksrk gSA ;fn czeqgw kZ esa >kMw nh tk,
rks y{eh dh fo"ksk d`ik izkIr gksrh gS rFkk ?kj esa lq[k le`f) esa o`f) gksrh
gSA
4 lksrs le; mkj ;k if'pe fn'kk dh vkSj flj djds k;u djus ls vk;q
de gksrh gSA
5 ?kj] nqdku ;k QSDVh esa ftruh Hkh ?kfM+;k gksa mUgsa lnSo pkyw j[ksAa blls
y{eh pdz pyrk jgrk gS vFkkZr~ cUn ?kfM;k gksa rks mUgsa lnSo pkyw j[ksAa
D;ksfa d ?kfM+;ka can gksa rks v'kqHk gksrk gS] /kukxe ugha gksrkA
(6) , S, S,
Q S, ,
(7) C

454

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

C
(8) U a
U
U U
(9) S h

(59) f U
(1) U f UU r U, U
, UU-UU,
U-U , U U QU . { , U CU
OU , U
UU U U U U U U , U U U
, US U U U f U U
(2) f fUc r, U, U, U,
U, U, , , U U U
U, U vy U U wv f
f U U
(3) i<+kbZ esa detksj gksus ij &tks cPps i<+kbZ esa detksj gSa mUgsa gjs jax
dh rqjeyh pknh dh vaxBw h ;k uSdyl esa igukus ls os cgqr vPNh fMohtu
esa ikl gks tkrs gSAa
4 prqnZ 'kh dh jkr dks xqykc dh ifk;ksa dk jl Hkksti= ij fudkysa vkSj thHk ij
yxk,a rks cqf) c<+ tk,xhA
5 cPps dh Lej.k'kfDr c<kus ds fy, 'kfuokj ls 'kfuokj rd fuR;
jkf= ckjg cts mldh f'k[kk pksVh ds nks ;k pkj ds'k dkVdj ,d=
dj ysaA fQj jfookj dks bu lcdks ,d= djds njokts dh pkS[kV ij
tykdj iSj dh ,M+h ls ely nsAa

(60) U U
?
(1) L L
U U
455

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

(2)

(3)

(4)
(5)

(6)

(7)

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

U S
U,
O c O
, U U
h S
U U,


, L
, l ,
( ^)

U
( U ) U #
S S
U
h ,
O
U U

U -
,
U
S U U
- L S
U U
wv v{ L
O


456

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

,

(8) - L z ,
U U h
U, U , U
(9) - ,
} |

c

r
(10) U % # - S S
- S ,
S
((11) eupkgh L=h kIr ea= &^ ha ue%** yky ekyk] yky vklu] yky oL=
ifgudj lkr fnu rd frfnu X;kjg gtkj ckj tki djus ls eupkgh ukjh
fey tkrh gSA
(12) bfPNr oj kfIr ea=k &vksa HkwHkZo Lo% rRlforqoZjs.;e~ HkxksZ nsoL; /hefg
f/;ks ;ksu% pksn;kr~A ekgsUh dqy dqy iqy LokgkA
fof/ & bl xk;=kh ea=k dh lk/uk lhrk th us dh Fkh dgk tkrk gS fd
blls bfPNr oj dh kfIr gksrh gSA vkfRed cy c<+rk gSA
(13) oj kfIr ea=k & ha dqekjk; ue% LokgkA
fof/ & ;fn dU;k bl ea=k dh 10 gtkj ckj tki djs rks mls 'kh?kz oj
dh kfIr gksxhA
(61)
(1) - L S
S (U, c, , , U
, , ) -U C
S S
Q
(2) - U
457

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

(), , P

U | L UU

(3) - } U

(4) eaxyokj ;k 'kfuokj dks in~e~ korh eafnj esa pesyh dk rsy] flUnwj] odZ] ,d
lw[kk ukfj;y 7 'kfuokj ml yM+dh ls nku djok,a ftldh 'kknh esa foyac
gks jgk gksA
(5) ;fn yM+dh dks oj u fey jgk gks rks xq:okj dks ihys o 'kqokj dks lQsn
u;s oL= iguk;sA ;g iz;ksx 5 xq:okj o 'kqokj djsAa buesa ls dksbZ oL= nqckjk
u igus o fookg dh okrkZ ds le; yky oL= iguus ls ykHk gksxkA
(6)ftl yM+dh ds fookg esa ck/kk vk,] ckj&ckj lxkbZ gksdj NwV tk, rks og
xq:okj dks ,d iko dPps nw/k esa FkksMh+ lh dslj ;k gYnh feyk,] 7 ihys iq"i]
7 cslu ds yM~M]w lok ehVj ihyk diM+k] ikap vjxckh] ,d pkSe[q k nhid] ,d
lw[kk ukfj;y izkr% dky lkr xq:okj in~ekorh th dks viZ.k djsA
(7) ;fn fookg esa nsjh] foyEc ;k ck/kk gks jgh gks rks 250 xzke dkys fry] 250 xzke
dkys mM+n] 250 xzke fry dk rsy] lok ehVj dkyk diM+k ,d ukfj;y] 'kfuokj
dks in~e~ korh dks HksVa dj iwtk djsAa
(8)fookg esa foyEc gks rks 'kfuokj dks lw;ksnZ ; ds le; ljlksa ds rsy dk nhid
rFkk rhu vxjckh tykdj eqfulqorz ukFk Hkxoku dh iwtk 'kfuokj ls yxkrkj
45 fnu djs rks fookg esa vk jgh ck/kk vo; nwj gksxhA
(9) ;fn fookg ugha gks jgk gks rks cq/kokj ds fnu vkB cslu ds yw] ,d ekyk]
,d iku] FkksMk+ lk flnwj vkSj ?kh in~ekorh ekrk dks lefiZr djsAa lkr cq/kokj
,slk djus ls vkidks ykHk feysxkA
(10) yM+dh dks fookg esa ck/kk gks rks cq/kokj la/;kdky esa dsys ds ikS/ks dks fof/k iwod
Z
ty p<+kdj] nhid tykdj fuea=.k ns]a rFkk xq:okj dks izkr% dky fof/k iwod
Z
tM+ izkIr djds gYnh fefJr ty ls 'kq) djds ihys diM+s esa yisVdj ihys
/kkxs ls xys esa /kkj.k dj ysa rFkk c`gLifr ea= dk tki djsA c`a` c`gLirs ue%**A

(62) lq[kh oSokfgd thou


458

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

(1) llqjky esa izhfr & 7 lkcqr gYnh xkaB] ihry dk ,d VqdM+k] FkksMk+ lk xqM+
;fn dU;k vius gkFk ls llqjky dh rjQ Qsad ns rks llqj ky esa lnSo
lqj{kkiwoZd lq[kh jgrh gSA
(2) lq[kh oSokfgd thou& dU;k fookg ds ckn tc fonk gks jgh gks rc ,d yksVs
esa ty ysdj mlesa gYnh ,d ihyk flDdk Mkydj yM+dh ds ij ls mrkjdj
mlds vkxs Qsad nsa lq[kh thou jgsaxkA
*(63) S
(1) S - U
| U y U
, v U U v U U
U | U , ,
m U
(2) - # M
D
S U
U U D
O
3 'kfuokj ds fnu lk/kq dks vkgkj esa dkys vax
a+ jw nsa vFkok 'kqokj dks xjhcksa ;k
fHk[kkfj;ksa dks xqM&
+ pus ckaVus ls vkthfodk dk lk/ku c<+rk gSA
4 cq/kokj dks 'kke dks cslu ds yw ykdj ewyea= Ik<+d
+ j Lo;a ij ls lkr
ckj mrkjsa vkSj c`gLifrokj dks izkr% tYnh mBdj ihyh ;k 'osr xk; dks f[kyk
nsAa blls vkthfodk dk lk/ku c<+rk gSA
5 fcuk nkx dk ,d cM+k uhacw ysdj LOk;a ij ls lkr ckj mrkjsa fQj pkSjkgs
ij ckjg cts ls igys pkj VqdM+s djds pkjksa fn'kkvksa esa nwj&nwj rd Qsd
a nsAa
blls jkstxkj dh leL;k gy gksrh gSA

64 dk;Z lQyrk gsrq


1 leL;k fuokj.k & xq:iq"; u{k= ls iwoZ vFkkZr cq/kokj dh 'kke dks panu o`{k
dh] ihys pkoy o ty ls iwtk djsa rFkk nks vxjckh tykdj gkFk tksMd
+ j
mls vkeaf=r djsAa nwljs fnu izkr% dky fcuk fdlh vkStkj dh lgk;rk ls
mldh FkksMh+ &lh tM+ ys vkos]a fQj ml tM+ dks ?kj ds eq[; }kj ij yVdk
nsa blls vuko';d leL;k,a mRiUu ugha gksx
a hA
2 lQyrk izkfIr& v[kafMr Hkkst i= ij yky panu ls eksj ds ia[k dh dye
459

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

}kjk 15 dk ;a= fy[kdj vius ikl j[ksAa


3 dk;Z lQyrk gsrq%& dke u feys rks ,d cM+k ihyk uhcw ysdj ewyea= i<+dj
vius mij ls lkr ckj mrkj dj] fQj mlds 4 cjkcj VqdM+s djds 'kke dks
pkSjkgs ij pkjksa fnkkvksa esa Qsd
a ]s 7 fnu fu;fer djsa ,oa loZ dk;Z flf) ea=
dh tki djsa lQyrk feysxhA
4 lQy ;k=k ds fy,& ,d ikuh okyk ukfj;y ysdj ml ij ;k=k esa lQyrk
dh izkFkZuk dj o ewyea= dh tki dj ml ukfj;y dks rksM+ ns]a rFkk mlds ikuh
dks vius ij o pkjksa rjQ fNM+d ns]a blls ;k=k dq'ky o lQyrk nsus okyh
gksxhA

(65) h
(1)
, M , , ,
UU U U U hU hU hU L L SU
- UU U U w|
U UU U U SU U
U h
UU U
(2) - ,
U
(3) O;kikj o`f &diwj vkSj jksyh feykdj mlesa vkx yxk,a vkSj fnokyh ds fnu
ml jk[k dks vius xYys esa j[ksa rks vkidk O;kikj fnu nwuk jkr pkSxquk c<+ tk,xkA
(4) #-
Q ,

L
(5) Mwcs /ku dks kIr djus dk rU= &ftudk /ku O;kikj] fe=] fj'rsnkj vkfn
fdlh Hkh ds Mwc x;k gks feyus dh vk'kk ugha gks rks jfoiq";] xq#iq";] gksyh] fnokyh
vkfn 'kqHk eqgrw Z esa :bZ dh pkj cfk;ka cukdj mUgsa ?kh esa Mwcksdj mu ij ukxdslj]
tkfo=h] dkys fry dwV dj fc[ksj nsoAas jkr ds 12 cts ckn 'kkUr okrkoj.k esa bu
cfk;ksa dks pkSe[q ks nhid esa fry dk rsy Mkydj fdlh ohjku pkSjkgs ij tykdj
j[k nsoAas tykrs le; nsunkj O;fDr dh Nfo eu esa j[ksAa bZ'oj ls kFkZuk djsa fd
460

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

gs Hkq esjk dek;k x;k /ku eq>s okil fey tk,] ,slk rhu ckj cksydj okil ykSVa
vk,] ihNs eqMd
+ j u ns[ksAa detksj fnyokys ;g ;ksx u djsAsa ykHk vo; gksxkA
(6) h - S , ,
U, - , L
S h
S
^ U
Q h U - z
!
(7) h- ,
S

h
(8) -
m
U UU U
P S
(9) U U , , c, ,
L P
(10) - l
^
(11) -
S m

U
U
(-) h h

(12) - | U wv ,
U , U Q , v}
461

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

U S
, U -

(13) - h
S , _ _
UUU U ,
h S U U hU h

(14) U U ,
g
(15) - L
, S
U wv |
S | U
U -
h U U ,
h
(16) - -
S , , U, ,
U wv L , S
S S U
S wv
h

(17) h -
S wv U U
() U Q
U , S
U


462

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

(18)O;kikj esa ?kkVk gks jgk gks rks & 'kqDy i{k esa ,d pqVdh vkVk o ,d
pqVdh ued ysdj nqdku ds eq[; }kj ds nksuksa vksj FkksMk+ &FkksMk+ fNM+d nsa rFkk gYnh
ls }kj ds nksuksa vksj LokfLrd cuk,aA ikap ykSx
a o ,d tk;Qy iwtk LFkku esa j[ksa
rFkk y{eh ea= dk tki djsAa rFkk 'kfuokj ds fnu flUnwj] pkanh dk odZ] ikap
eksrhpwj ds yw] pesyh dk rsy] ,d iku] ,d ukfj;y] 2 ykSx
a ysdj lkr 'kfuokj
rd {ks=iky th dks HksVa djsa rFkk ,d uhacw ysdj O;olk; LFky ds ,d dksus ls 'kq:
dj iwjs {ks= esa vUnj nhokjksa ij pkjksa rjQ ?kqek;s ,oa ckgj pkj VqdM+s djds pkjksa
fn'kkvksa esa Qsd
a nsAa
(19) -
, , ,
_ U S |
U
|
(20) xzkgd ykSVuk& ;fn nqdku ls xzkgd ykSVrs gksa rks O;olkf;d ifjlj ds
eq[; }kj ds lkeus ;k vUnj ykach esa ,d ikuh dk QOokjk yxk nsa ftlls xzkgdh
vPNh jgrh gSA
(21) cjdr gsrq& fuR; bV nsodh iwtk o mikluk esa ykSax p<+k, rFkk cq/kokj
ds fnu ,d gafM;k esa lok fdyks gjh ewxa o nwljh gafM;k esa lok fdyks ued
Hkjdj nksuksa gafM;ksa dks ?kj esa dgha j[k nsAa ,oa frtksjh esa LQfVd dk Jh ;a=
j[ksa ;k yky xqykc] yky panu dks yky diM+s esa cka/kdj j[ksa o fuR; fuEu ea=
dh ekyk Qsjs rks vo; gh vPNh cjdr gksaxhA
ea= &  gzha Jha deys deyk;s esa ea izlhn izlhn* vFkok  gha Jha egky{E;S
ue%A
(22) /ku le`f) ds fy, & jfoiq; u{k= esa osr vikekxZ xzg.k dj vius ikl
j[ksa rks fufpr gh /ku dh deh ugha gksxhA ;k beyh dk ckank vius ?kj esa j[ksa
rks Hkh /ku lEink esa o`f) gksxhA vFkok osrkdZ dks yky oL= esa yisVdj j[ksa
rks Hkh fujUr /kuo`f) gksxhA
(23) /ku le`f) gsr&q kqDyi{k ds kqokj dks vFkok pUnzek tc Hkj.kh u{k= esa
vk;s ml fnu izkr% dky Lukukfn ls fuo`Zr gksdj deyuky dgha ls izkIr dj
ysa rFkk ?kj ys vk;sAa fQj kq) ty ls /kksdj iapke`r ls Luku djkos o /kwi&nhi
ls iwtk dj gYnh esa jax dj ihyk /kkxk yisVsa o dey cht dh ekyk ls y{eh
ea= dk tki djds deyuky dks frtksjh esa j[k nsa o fuR; /kwi vxjckh ns]a rks
463

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

fu;e ls vkfFkZd le`f) c<+saxhA


ea=  Jhsa gzha deys deyky;s izlhn izlhn Jha gzha egky{E;S ue%A
(24) nwljk mik; & ;fn dne dne ij la?kkZ gks] esgur dk mfpr Qy u feys]
rjDdh esa fjrsnkjksa&fe=ksa }kjk fojks/k o ck/kk gks] vuko;d vkjksi&izR;kjksi
yxrs gksa rks lok fdyks tkS] ,d ukfj;y tVk okyk rFkk lok fdyks ydM+h dk
dks;yk jkf= dks lksrs le; kqokj dks vius fljkgus j[k ysaA kfuokj dks
izkr%dky vius ij ls 7 ckj mrkj dj dkys diM+s esa j[kdj xkaB cka/k ysa ,oa
nksigj ds le; lqulku txg esa xk [kksndj nck vk;saA /;ku j[ksa fd dksbZ
Vksds ughaA ,slk lkr kfuokj djsa rks rjDdh ,oa le`f) ds jkLrs vkids fy,
[kqy tk;saxA
25 vPNk ; fo; gksrk gS& fuxq.Z Mh vkSj lQsn ljlksa ?kj ds }kj ij
vFkok nqdku ds }kj ij j[ksa rks ;&fo; vPNk gksrk gSA

(66) Q
(1) Q U- U UU U U U U U
, U, U U U UU , U
U hU U U
(2) Q - S
SU S
^ zv
O O h O L O O
(3) dtZ eqf gsrq& 'kfuokj ds fnu 'kke ds le; dkyh jkbZ nksuksa eqh esa Hkjdj
iwokZfHkeq[k gksdj nkfgus gkFk ls ckbZ rFkk ckbZ gkFk ls nkfgus rjQ Qsd
a s rFkk jkr dks
lksrs le; iyax ds uhps fljkgus dh rjQ tkS j[kdj lqcg mBdj if{k;ksa ;k xjhcksa
dks nsAa o eaxyokj dks dqN jkbZ ds nkus ewyea= i<+dj vius ij ls mrkj dj
pkSjkgs ij tkdj pkjksa fn'kkvksa esa Qsd
a nsAa ,slk 7 eaxyokj dks djsAa bZ'kku dks.k esa
eaxy dy'k ;k Jh eg;a= fojkteku dj y{eh ea= dk tki djsAa fuf'pr gh ykHk
gksxkA
ea= &  ,sa gzha Dyha ee okafNr nsfg es LokgkA
(4) Q - S
U P
, D

464

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

(5) Q - z
U U U U
U U
(6) Q -
, Q
(7) - S
,
(8) Q - U U ,
U U S
U
Q
(9) - # h ,

(10) - S U


(11) S - c
UU
^
(12) #-
# , h

. (269)
(13) h- Lc
M , , U , , , ,
50 , 50 , P ,
L
(14) h - S
U (),
UU, |
465

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

(15) - #
(16) - C
S S D S
c, U

(17) - , , , , , M,
, , , , U, U, U, , ,
, U, , ,, U, , ,
wv L A
U c S S
-

(18) S - xv

U U
U Z
U
, _ U,
D
U
(19) h- U L , z , z ,
, P, , _
h
h
(20) U wv , | , | ,
, , , , U,

vwz h
h
(21) c, U, ,
466

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

, U, U, z , z L , z , U, U, U,
U S
U hU U
(22) c U c

(67) /ku ykHk


(1) 'kfuokj dks lk;adky mM+n ds nks lkcqr nkus ysdj mu ij FkksMk+ lk
ngh o flUnwj Mkydj ihiy o`{k ds uhps 21 fnu rd fuR; j[ksa /;ku
jgs fd ihNs eqMd
+ j u ns[ksAa blls /ku ykHk gksrk gSA
(2)
m
U
#
(3) U ( ) c U
S #

(4) - U
(5) c U c U
h # S

(6) U -c
h -S
#, , , , h
Q U

(7) c

, U
h
(8) -c
467

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj


(9) # - c U
Ch- #
(10) () D

U
h
(11) S () - xv

(12) - |
U U Z U Z

(68) euksdkeuk iw.kZ


(1) iq"; u{k= esa 'osrkdZ dh tM+ ykdj nk,a gkFk esa /kkj.k djus ls lkSHkkX;
izkIr gksrk gSA
(2) euksdkeuk iw.kZ gks& lw;eZ [q kh ds Qwyksa dk jl fudkydj mlesa pUnu
feyk,a vkSj mlls pkanh ds irjs ij viuk uke fy[kdj mls xqxy dh
/kwi nsa vkSj ml irjs dks vius ikl j[ksa rks vkidh euksdkeuk iw.kZ gks
tk;sxhA
Z ykdj mls ue%
(3) iq"; u{k= esa iquuZok dh tM+ dks lEeku iwod
loZyksd oa'k djk; dq:&dq: LokgkA ea= }kjk lkr ckj vfHkeaf=r dj
gkFk esa cka/kus esa euq"; lHkh yksxksa esa iwtuh; gksrk gS vkSj mlesa lHkh
yksxksa dks o'khHkwr djus dh 'kfDr vk tkrh gSA
(69) h
(1) c , , , ,
, , , , M
L , , wv A , , , U S
S
U rks

(70)
468

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

(1) - , , , , ,
, , , M, , , , , U, U,
U, , , , U, , ,,
U, , , , wv
, , U c S
S ,
-
(2) - U m
, , c

U, U , wv
, UCU U
U U U U

| U U
(3) -
U ,
C U
,

(71)cyk, nwj djsa


(1) cyk, nwj djsa& 'ke'kku dh feV~Vh ykdj mlesa pUnu feyk,a] mlesa
xwxy dh /kwi nsa vkSj Hkksti= ij vius ifjokj okyksa dk uke fy[kdj
ml Hkksti= dks vius ?kj esa xkM+ nsa rks lkjh cyk,a nwj gks tk;sx
a hA
(72)
(1) -
U U U ,
U U
S
(2) - a ,
U
469

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

(73) C () Q U UU
(1) C Q U UU- U UU U
, C Q

U, , C Q U UU

(2) U c

(3) -
-
(4) m
U
(5) C U

(74)
(1) - U U
S U U - U
- U U U
U U C U

(75)
(1) U
(2) U
, ,


(3) Q- U |
,
(4) -
| yz P ,
470

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

S , #

(76) nq"eu ij fot;


1 'k=q dks Hkwr fn[ks&
a 'ke'kku dh feV~Vh esa fxyks; dk jl feykdj mlls
Hkksti= ij vius 'k=q dk uke fy[ksa fQj ml Hkksti= dks 'kq= ds ?kj
ij xkM+ nsa rks mls Hkwr utj vk,axAas
2 'k=q dks 'kwy gks;& dusj ds iks ij dkyh L;kgh ls vius nq'eu dk
uke fy[ksa fQj ml iks esa dhy ls Nsn djds mls 'ke'kku esa xkM+ nsa rks
vkids 'k=q dks 'kwy gks mBsxkA
(3) 'k=q dk eqg lwtuk& yksgs dh r[rh ij jfookj ds fnu rsy ls vius
'k=q dk uke fy[ksa vkSj ml ij twrk ekjsa rks 'k=q ds eqg ij lwtu 1&2
fnu esa vk ldrh gSA
(4) 'kL= LrEHku& 'kqHk u{k= esa vksx
a k dh tM+ dkV yk;sa mldks ihldj ru
ij ysi djsa rks 'kL= dh pksV u yxsA
(5) nq"eu ij fot;& ^^ cSjh uk'kd gksr nwj gw QV~ Lokgk** ea= i<+dj
,d dVksjh vkd dk nw/k jkLrs esa j[k nsAa cSjh vxys fnu ls gh dqks dh
Hkkafr gks tk,xk rFkk fQj dHkh cSj u djsxkA
(6) U c

(7) 'k=q dh ukd cgus yxs& dusj ds iks ij vius 'k=q dk uke fy[ksa vkSj
ml iks dks fdlh pht ls dkV nsa rks 'kq= dh ukd cgus yxsxhA
(8) vpkud ;k=k& vf'ouh u{k= esa ihiy dh tM+ ysdj nl vaxy
q dh dhy
cukdj ftlds }kj ij xkM+ nsa og vpkud yEch ;k=k ij py nsxkA
(9) - U
U U ,
,
(10) - U

(11) - U Q
U U, U, c
U
471

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj


U U
(12)>xM+k djkus gsrq &eaxyokj ds fnu dks;y ds ia[k ls dqEgkj ds vkaos ls
fudys Bhdjs dks dwVsa vkSj mls fojks/h ds ?kj esa iQsads rks >xM+k vo';
gksxkA
(13) k=q ds ?kj dyg djkuk & osr vikekxZ bls vksxa k yVthjk] fpjfpVk vkfn
uke ls Hkh tkurs gSa o cjM+ cMsMk+ dh tM+ ftlds ?kj esa j[krs gSa ogk Dysk
gksrk gSA d``i;k ;g ikio/kZd dk;Z u djsaA
(14)izfr}Unh Hkxkus gsrq& jfookj dks xqatk fpjfefV] /kqa/kqph] xqeph] jkh Hkh
dgrs gS ydj dqoa kjh dU;k jtLoyk gks mlds j esa xqt
a k fHkxksdj lq[kk ysa
fQj mls ihldj pw.kZ cuk;s]a nqeu ds ?kj nqdku ;k eq[; }kj ij fN+Md
+ s rks
og Hkkx tk,xkA
uksV& d``i;k dksbZ HkHkh ikio/kZd dk;Z u djsaA

(77) jktk dh rjg lEeku feysa


(1)
U
(2) U
#
(3) #
(4) jktk dh rjg lEeku feysa &pesyh ds ikksa ij viuk uke fy[ksa fQj mu
ikksa dks ckjhd ihldj mudk ,d rkcht cuk, vkSj ml rkcht dks vius
ck;sa gkFk esa cka/ksa rks jktk dh rjg lEeku gksxkA

(78) tqvk esa thr


(1) jfo gLr dks iekM+ dh tM+] 'kfuokj dks U;kSrdj jfookj dks izkr%
mls ykdj nkabZ Hkqtk esa cka/kus ls tqvk esa thr gksrh gSA
(2) xksjkspu ds'kj vkSj vlxa/k ls Hkksti= ij vius lkFkh dk uke fy[kdj fnokyh
dh iwtk djds vius nkfgus gkFk esa cka/ksa rks vki tqvk thrsaxsA
(3) U , ^

(79) #
472

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

(1) # - S
#
(2) -

(80)
(1) h , h h -
c

( )
~ U ,
, - S U
(2) vw , v{ , v -
c L c

(3) loZdk;Zflf) eqfnzdk&uhyk FkksFk dk lr] ukx lhlk] rkez buds cjkcj
lksuk Mkydj vaxBw h cuokdj nkfgus gkFk dh dfu"Bk NksVh vaxy
q h esa igus
rks taxe fo"kksa dks] Hkwr ck/kk] Mkfduh] 'kkfduh] utj vkSj fo"k vkfn dks nwj
djrh gSA

(81)
(1) - , ,
U-

(2) , ,

(3) U U
U U U U , M
U U U U U
(82) Hkw[k I;kl T;knk gks
(4) Hkw[k I;kl T;knk gks& jfookj ds fnu vksaxk ds pkoy dh [khj tks
473

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

O;fDr iUnzg fnu rd idkdj [kkosa rks mls Hkw[k&I;kl T;knk yxsA
(5) cgsMs+ ds o`{k dks lk;a dks U;kSra ns vkos]a lcsjs mldk ikk ykdj ikao ds
uhps nckdj Hkkstu djus ls chl&rhl vkneh dk HkksTku vdsys gh [kk
tkrk gSA

(83)
(1) -


c

(84) U
(1) U UU U U U U U U
(2)
(3)

(4)
(5)

(6)

(7)
(8)

U U
U U U U U U , U U
U U
U, U M U
UU , U U
U U U U , U
UU U
U - U c S
U U ( U)
U U U U U U U U U U U
U U U U
^ c U
S S

c

'kqHk frfFk] okj] u{k=] dks dkyh xk; ds nw/k dks thHk ij j[kdj mlds
474

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

?kh dks nksuksa vka[kksa esa vatu djs]a rks i`Foh esa xM+k gqvk nzO; fn[ksxkA
9 iwoZ tUe ns[ksa& vadksy o`{k ds chtksa dk rsy fudyok dj mldk nhid
tyk, vkSj dkls ds ik= esa dkty mrkjsa fQj bl dkty dks xk; ds
'kq) ?kh esa eFk djds us=ksa esa yxk djds 'kh'ks esa ns[ksa rks 'kh'ks esa viuk
iwoZ tUe fn[kkbZ iMs+xkA

(85) hU (1) hU - U, c, UU U
U U U U U
# U U U U
U
(2) ,
U
(3) U U

(86)
(1) xk; dk nw/k c<+s &V dh yhn ds vUnj x/ks dk ew= Mky nsa vkSj mls
xwxy dh /kwi nsdj fdlh diM+s esa j[k dj ml diM+s dks xk; ds xys esa
ck/k nsa rks xk; dk nw/k nqxuq k gks tk,xkAA

(2) U - U U (
), ( ) S
, U U ,

(3) i'kqvksa ds dhMs >kM+uk& uhe dh Mkyh dk jl fudky dj mlesa jksyh
o diwj feykdj mls xqxy dh /kwi nsa fQj ml jl dks i'kqvksa ds ij
Mkysa rks ,d Hkh dhM+k ugha jgsxkA

(87)
(1) - ,

(2) U U, , , U, , ,
S U U U U U U U
475

+++++

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

(3)
(4) UU U S U U U U UU UU
U
5 liZ tgj& eq[k ds ikuh ds lkFk dku ds eSy dks feykdj dkVs gq, LFkku
ij rqjUr gh ysi djus ls fo"k dHkh ugha c<+rkA vFkok liZ ds dkVs gq,
LFkku ij uk[kwu ds vxys Hkkx dks dQ eykfn esa feykdj ysi djus ls
liZ tgj rqjUr gh u"V gks tkrk gSA vFkok iRFkj ydM+h vkfn ls rqjUr
gh mlesa BaMk ty Hkj nsoAas ukd ds vxz Hkkx ds e/; esa eyus ls ok ok;q
dks jksdus ls lkai ds dkVs gq, ds fo"k dk fuxzg gks tkrk gSA
(7) lkai ds dkVus ls ;fn O;fDr dk iwjk 'kjhj fo"k;qDr gks tk, rks xk;
ds nw/k ds lkFk gYnh dk dk<+k lsou djkus ls ykHk gksrk gSA
(8) fuxqM
Z h dh tM+ vFkok eksj ia[k ?kj esa j[kus ls lki ugha vkrsA

(88) U (1) U U

(2) U
(3) U
(4) S U
5 fcPNq tgj tk,&ftls fcPNq dkVk gks] mls vikekxZ dh tM+ dks fn[kk
nsus ek= ls tgj mrj tkrk gS] ;fn fcPNq vf/kd tgjhyk gks rks
vikekxZ dh tM+ dks f?kldj vFkok ikksa dks ihldj dVs gq, LFkku
ij yxk nsus ls fcPNq dk tgj mrj tkrk gSA
(6) U U U U U U U U U
U U U
(7) () , , , U
C
(8) U - U
C
(9) U -
476

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

S U
(10) U U
(11) U U |

(12) U - U U
, wy U U
,
(89)
(1)
2 xqM]+ rsy] vkd ds nw/k dks feykdj dqks ds dkVs LFkku ij ysi djus ls
fo"k dk izHkko u"V gksrk gSA dqdVq fo"kuk'kaA
(90) U,
(1) U - S UU U
(2) U - U U U
(3) , U, U, , , , , ,
U
(4) U , ,
U, ,
(5)
c
H
UU ^


(6) c S H
U % U, U, ,
U
7 ?kj esa eD[kh u vk,a& ujfe'k dh tM+ vdjdjk xU/kd yk,a vkSj ikuh
esa feykdj mls ?kj esa fNM+d nsa rks efD[k;k dHkh Hkh ?kj esa ugha vk,axhA
477

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

91
(10) - Q
,
(11) U-U ,
, U-U
(92) U
(1) ,
, H
(93)
(1) U , U
UU, H
(2) S S H
, ,
(U)
(3) U U U - U U U z
U U U U UU U
U
(94) c U
(1) U
(95) h
(1) h - (Q ) U
h ,
U
S
U
(1) UU U U U U
U S U U U U
(2) - U U U
, U cU U - U
478

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

U U U c CU # U
U
(3) - UU U -
U U UU U U

(96)
(1) Hkwr vkfn 99 izfrkr fdlh ds kjhj esa vkrs tkrs ugha vxj fdlh ds kjhj
esa vkrs gSa rks ikuh dk NhaVk vk[kksa ij nsus ls og fgyrk gh ughaA vxj og
vk[ksa Qsjs rks ugha gS vU;Fkk Hkwr&izes ck/kk gSA ,slk tkuuk gS fd ;g ,d
L=h ds fnekx ds [kjkch fgLVsfj;k dk izdkj gSA
(2) UU-, , , U, U U U
UU U UU U
(3) - U U U U
cU U U U U U U
U UU U
U U U U
(4) U- U U U U U
(5) -
U U ^
S SS Q
Q U
U
Q Q
U
(6) - ,
U U U


Q
(7) - S v}

S
479

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

UU
Q

(8)
(9) - , ,

(10) U
(11) S U -

(12) -
h
(13) -

(14) - U
UU U

(15) ()

(16) }, }, U

(17) , U - , , , ,
, S

(18)

(97)
(1) - (U)
U
(2) U Uc U cU U U U, U U
U U U DU U U U U
480

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

(98) vn`;
(1) nks eqga okys ejs gq, lkai dks 7 fnu rd ued esa xkM+ nsuk fQj vkBosa
fnu ml lkai dks ued ds vUnj ls mBk ysukA mldks ysdj ikuh ls
/kkS ysuk fQj unh ;k rkykc esa tkdj dej rd ikuh esa tkdj lkai ds
gM~Mh ds xqjhvk ,d&,d ikuh esa NksM+rs tkukA tks gM~Mh dh xqjhvk
ikuh esa likZdkj pys mls ys ysukA ysdj ml xqjhvk dks pkanh ;k rkacs
ds rkcht esa Mkydj ikl j[ksa rks euq"; vn`'; gksrk gSA
(2) dkyh fcYyh dks rhu fnu miokl djok ds /kki dk ?kh ml Hkw[kh
fcYYkh dks fiykosa fQj tc og fcYyh mYVh dj ns rc ?kh dks mBk ysuk
fQj] ml ?kh dk nhid tykdj euq"; dh [kksiM+h ij dkty ikM+ukA
ml dkty dks vatu djus ls euq"; vn`'; gksrk gSA ijUrq ;g vn`';
okys dk;Z djsa u D;ksfa d blls iki dh o`f) gksrh gSA
(3) vkn`'; vatu& /kkSyh lQsn fp.kksBh xqt
a k] lQsn jksx.kha lQsn
HkV dVSvk dh tM+ ysdj iw.kZ] fQj euq; dh [kksiM+h ij dkty
mikM+dj us= vatu djus ls vn`'; gksrk gSA
(4) fcYyh dh tjk dks f=yksg ds rkfct esa j[ksa rks vn`'; gksrk gSA

(99) U ()
(1) utj cUn& vdksgj dk Qy vkSj fcykbZ dUn eq[k esa j[k ysus ls nwljs
dh fuxkg cUn gks tkrh gSa vkSj og utj cUn tks pkgs [ksy fn[kk ldrk
gSA
(2) eqg esa vkx j[kuk& dqyUtu] vdjdjk vkSj ukSlknj eqg esa Mkydj
[kwc pckus vkSj xeZ ikuh ls dqYyk djds eqg esa vkx j[kus ls dHkh vlj
ugha gksrk gSA
(3) gkFk esa ljlksa tekuk& L=h ds nw/k esa ljlksa fHkxksdj mls Nk;k esa
lq[kk ysa fQj tc [ksy djuk gks rc gkFk esa unh dh jsr vkSj ljlksa
j[kdj ikuh dk NhaVk ekjsa rks ljlksa rqjUr tesxhA
(4) - , ,

(5) vkx ls vaxqyh u tys& vjksfud 2 Hkkx] tjk lk ikjk] vk/kk Hkkx
481

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

diwj rhuksa dks ikuh esa [kwc eghu ihldj maxyh ij ysi djsa] fQj 'kh'ks
dks [kwc vkx ij xykdj lcds lkeus maxyh Mky ns]a tysxh ughaA
(6) gkFk ij vkx dk vaxkjk j[kuk& ukSlknj ds ikuh esa diwj f?kldj
gkFkksa ij [kwc ey dj vPNh rjg gkFkksa dks lq[kk ys]a fQj ml ij vkx
dk yky&yky vaxkjk j[ksa rks Hkh og fcYdqy ugha tysxkA
(7) P - - S
^ P P
-
P
(8) iou ls vkx iSnk djuk& V dh esx
a uh tykdj kgn esa cq>k dj
fMfc;k esa cUn djds j[k ys]a fQj tc vkx dh t:jr gks rc mls gok
esa [kksy dj j[k nsaA
(9) ikuh ls vkx yxkuk& xa/kd vkSj ukSlknj nksuksa dh ,d iksVyh cuk
ysa fQj tc vkidks [ksy fn[kkuk gks rks ml ij ikuh fxjk nsa rks vkx
yx tk,xhA
(10) ikuh esa nhid tys& fgjuh ds nw/k esa :bZ fHkxksa dj mldh ckh cuk,
vkSj mls Nk;k esa lq[kk ys]a fQj tc Hkh mu cfk;ksa dks nhid esa j[ksa vkSj
ikuh Hkj dj tyk;sa rks og cq>x
s h ughaA
(11) /kkxk u tys& dPPks lwr ds /kkxs dks ukSlnkj ds ikuh esa fHkxksdj
lq[kk yhft, fQj tc [ksy fn[kkuk gks rks /kkxs ds vUnj vkx dk
ngdrk gqvk vaxkjk cka/k ns rks /kkxk tysxk ughaA
(12) vkx [kqn tys& fcuk cq>k pwuk rFkk QklQksjl diMs+ esa j[kdj ml
diMsa dks ihry ds crZu esa j[k nsa vkSj tc [ksy fn[kkuk gks rc mlds
ij ikuh Mky nsa vkx yx tk;sxhA
(13) - S U vfXu
U S
S
(14) U U U (UU) U
U U U
(15) S UU U UU U
482

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

U U S U U
(16) ty esa iRFkj rSjkuk& taxy ls L;kj dh fo"Vk ykdj mlesa >jcsfj;k
dh xqByh feykdj [kwc ckjhd ihfl;s vkSj iRFkj ij ,d rjQ [kwc
xk<+k&xk<+k ysi dj lq[kk ysa fQj ml iRFkj dks ikuh esa Mkysa rks ydUh
dh rjg rSjx
s kA
(17) -
gSA
(18) U UM, U , U, U CU U
U UU U UU crZu U
19 dqEgkj dU crZu u"V& gLr u{k= esa dusj o`{k dh tM+ dh rhu vaxy
q
dhy cukdj dqEgkj ds ?kj esa xkM+ nsa rks dqEgkj ds }kjk cuk, lHkh crZu
u"V gks tkrs gSAa
(20) kkd uk'kd iz;ksx& xa/kd dk pw.kZ ty esa feykdj tgka [ksr esa
'kkd cks;k gks ogk fNM+d vkosa rks 'kkd lw[k tk,xkA
(21) rkEcwy uk'kd iz;ksx& ukS vaxy
q izek.k lqikjh dkB dh dkVh dks
'krfHkkk u{k= ds fnu ykdj reksyh ds ?kj vFkok mldh ckjh esa Mky
nsa rks mlds iku 'kh?kz gh uk'k dks izkIr gksx
a As
(22)nw/k u"V& tkequ o`{k dh tM+ dks vuqjk/kk u{k= esa izkIr djds mldh
vkB vaxy
q dhy cukdj vghj nwf/k,a ds ?kj esa xkM+us ls nw/k u"V gks
tkrk gSA
(23) fcxMs+ ?kh dks lq/kkjuk& ?kh dks d<+kbZ esa j[kdj pwYgs ij p<+k ns]a tc
[kwc xeZ tks tk, rc mlesa I;kt Mky nsAa
(24) cktkj mtkM+us dh rjdhc &v'ys"kk u{k= esa vius nq'eu dk uke ihiy
ds ikksa ij dkyh cdjh ds nw/k ls fy[ksa fQj mu ikksa dks ckjhd ihldj ,d
?kM+k ikuh esa feykdj ml ikuh dks cktkj esa fNM+ds rks cktkj u"V gks tk,xkA
(25) jfookj ds fnu dks izkr% dky ,j.M+ dks U;kSr vkosa fQj 'kke ds le;
mls ,d >Vds esa rksM+ yk,a fd mlds nks VqdMs+ gks tk,aA ,d VqdM+k uhps
fxj iMs+ nwljk gkFk esa jgs fQj nksuksa VqdMksa dks vyx&vyx j[k ys]a fQj
tks Hkh ikVk ij cSBk gqvk ns[ksa mlds 'kjhj ls tks VqdM+k uhps fxj iUk
483

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

gks mlls ikVs ls fpid tk,xkA gkFk esa tks jg x;k gS mlds Li'kZ
djkus ij ikVs ij cSBk O;fDr NwV tk,xkA
(26) U
v U c U c U , v
c c U , v c v
c v c v U v
v v U c U
Q
(27) U- U L U
U L L
U
(28) - L U S ,
U
(29) -
,
, S
S

(100) u{k= vf/kdkj


(1) vf'ouh u{k= esa v)Z jkf= dks uXu gksdj viekxZ dh tM+ ykosa fQj

2
3
4
5

d.B esa /kkj.k djsa rks jkt lHkk o'k gks;] vf/kdkfj;ksa dh d`ik cuh
jgsaA
Hkj.kh u{k= esa la[kk gksyh dh tM+ ykosa rkcht esa Mkydj iguus ls
ijL=h o'k esa gks;A
vknzkZ u{k= esa vdZ dh tM+ yk,a] rkcht esa Mkydj ikl j[ksa rks >wBh
ckr lp gks;A
iquoZlq u{k= esa esgna h dh tM+ dks ysdj ikl j[ksa rks vius 'kjhj esa
vPNh lqxa/k gksrh gSA
iq"; u{k= esa uxj csy dh tM+ ysdj ikl esa j[ksa rks] nq"V okD; ls dHkh
Hk; ugha gksrk gSA
484

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

6 e?kk u{k= esa ihiy dh tM+ ysdj ikl esa j[ksa rks jkf= esa nqLoIu ugha
vkrs gSAa
7 vk'yskk u{k= esa /kwrjk dh tM+ ysdj nsgyht esa j[ksa rks liZ ?kj esa
vkus dk Hk; ugha jgrk gSA
8 iwokZQkYxquh u{k= esa vke dh tM+ ykdj nw/k esa ihldj fiykus ls cka>
L=h dks iq= dh izkfIr gksrh gSA vkSj blh u{k= esa cgsM+s dk ikk ykdj
?kj esa j[kus ls 'kq= ds ?kkrd VksVdksa dk izHkko ugha iM+rkA
9 mkjk QkYxquh u{k= esa uhe dh tM+ dks ykdj ikl esa j[ksa rks yM+dh
ls yM+dk gksrk gSA
10 fp=k u{k= esa xqykc dh tM+ ysdj ikl j[ks rks kjhj esa d"V ugha
gksrk gSA
11 Lokfr u{k= esa eksxjk dh tM+ ysdj HkSl
a ds nw/k esa f?kldj ihus ls dkys
ls xksjk gksrk gSA
12 vuqjk/kk u{k= esa pesyh dh tM+ ykdj flj ij j[ksa rks 'k=q fe= gks
tkrs gSaA
13 T;s"Bk u{k= esa tkequ dh tM+ ykdj ikl j[ksa rks jktk ds }kjk lEeku
izkIr gksxkA
14 ewy u{k= esa xwyj dh tM+ ysdj ikl j[ksa rks nwljksa dk nzO; feysA
15 iwokZ"kk<+ u{k= esa 'kgrwr dh tM+ ysdj L=h dks fiykus ls ;ksfu ladksp
gksrh gSA
16 Jo.k u{k= esa vkaoyh dh tM+ ukxjosy ds jl ls ihosa rks L=h
uo;ksouoku gksrh gSA
17 iwokZHkknzin u{k= esa ihiy dh tM+ ysdj eLrd ij j[ksa rks eqnkZ dHkh
ugha tyrkA
18 mkjkHkknzin u{k= esa ihiy dh tM+ ysdj ikl j[ksa rks prqj euq";
;q) esa thr dj vkrk gSA
19 jsorh u{k= esa cM+ dh tM+ ysdj ekFks ij j[ksa rks n`f"V pkSxquh gks;A
vkf/kd n`f"V gksrh gSA
20 fo'kk[kk u{k= esa fiaMh rxj dh tM+ dks pkoy ds ikuh ds lkFk ihus
485

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

ls fL=;ksa dk jDr L=ko can gks tkrk gSA


21 ewy u{k= esa rkM+ dh tM+ ykdj /kkj.k djus ls fik jksx 'kkUr gksrk
gSA
22 vk'yskk u{k= esa cjxn dk ikk ykdj vUUk HkaMkj esa j[kus ls vUu
dh deh ugha jgrh gSA
23 iq"; u{k= esa ka[kiqih th tM+ ykdj pkanh dh fMCch esa M+kydj
frtksjh esa j[kus ls /ku dh deh ugha jgrh frtksjh cjkcj Hkjh jgrh
gSA
24 jfo iq"; u{k= esa fuxZqaMh dk iapkax Qy] Qwy] tM+] iks o Nky ykdj
fof/kor~ nqdku o xYys esa j[kk tk;s rks ykHk nk;d fl) gksrh gSA
25 iq"; u{k= ds fnu fuxZaqMh dk ikS/kk vkSj ihyh ljlksa dks iksVyh cukdj
nqdku esa j[k ys]a rks fnu nwuk jkr pkSxuq k O;kikj c<+rk tk,xk ysfdu
dk;Z iw.kZ fof/k ls djsaA
26 beyh ds cht nks] cgsMk+ ds cht nks] gjsM ds cht nks budh xqfVdk
cukdj ikuh ds lkFk vka[k esa vatu djsa rks T;ksfr T;knk c<+rh gSA
30 iq";kdZ ;ksx esa lQsn vdksvk dh tM+ dks tks x.ks'kkdkj gksrh gS] mldks
ykdj nzO; ds lkFk esa j[kusa ij v"Vflf) o uofuf/k dh izkfIr gksrh gSA

(101)
(1) -

(2) - ,
S
(3) -

(4) -

(5) -
(6) - () ,

486

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

(7) c- U , ,

(8) - U

(9) - U ( )

(10) -

(11) S-

(12) - U , U
(13) S-

(14) - -, -, L ,
,
,
(15) - U U h

(16) D- c
,
(17) - () U

(18) -

(19) - U , ^

(102) (S), (), (U), (),


(), (), (), (),
(U ), (), (), (),
(), (), (U), (U),
487

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

(UUU),f'k[kafMdk xqt
a k,fpjeh, (, , c,
, , , L ), (U, ,
U, , ), (, U, U, ,
) ,U (U-U U, , ,
Q , , , U, U,U
), (, , , c), (,
, , , U, , U ),U (,
), (, , ),
U (U U, , ) U U
(2) - c
, , S C
m U h
(103)

1.

2.

3.
,
4.

5.
U
6.

7.

8. c

8.

10.
U
11.
U
12.

13.S
U
14.

15.S

16

17.
18.D

19.

20. U
21. .
22. U
23.D
U
24. U
25.
26.
27.

(3) h ^ - m, ,
488

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

^, m ^, , U
S ^ h ^
U- S l

(104)
- L S L L S
(1) - vwz
h
, Q
(U) U Q
v} Q
Q ,
(3) Q Q ,
Q , Q
UU Q
(4) S U (S) UU c rU U
U U U Q U S S
U U U U UU Ul U L
U U
(5) (U-U)
U U U Q v} U U
S L U UU

(6) - S - , , , ,
U, S C

(7) -


(8) - L U ,
, S
489

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj


(9) - , , , ,

(10) (UU) U U U
, U U U UU
U
(11) - U Q

12 iq"; u{k= esa iquuZok dh tM+ dks lEeku iwod
Z ykdj mls ue% loZyksd
oa'k djk; dq:&dq: LokgkA ea= }kjk lkr ckj vfHkeaf=r dj gkFk esa
cka/kus esa euq"; lHkh yksxksa esa iwtuh; gksrk gS vkSj mlesa lHkh yksxksa
dks o'khHkwr djus dh kfDr vk tkrh gSA

(105) -
- ZU S
- , vwz h

(1) U
Q
(2) ,, Q

(3) Q
,
(4) Q

(5) ( ) ( )
Q

(6) ( ) Q

490

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

(7) , () Q

(8) , , , Q

(9) U , Q

(10) U

(11) v- U , , ,
S Q
(12) lgnsbZ ds jl esa rqylh ds cht dk pw.kZ feydj fl cukdj jfookj
ds fnu tks bl fryd dks yxkos rks lalkj mlds o'khHkwr gksA
(13) eSufly vkSj diwZj dks dnyh (dsys) ds jl esa ihl dj fryd cuk
ysa] fiQj ;g fryd tks yxkosxk ml ij lalkj eksfgr gks tk;sxk lHkh
yksx gksxsa A blesa la'k; ugha gSA
(14) gjrky (gfjrky) vkSj v"Vxa/ (vlxa/)dks dsys ds jl esa ihldj
xksjkspu feykdj fryd yxkus ls lalkj eksfgr gks tkrk gSA
(15) dkdjk flaxh] pUnu] cp] dwV bu lcdks feykdj ihl ysa] fiQj mldh
vius 'kjhj ds oL=k] eq[k ij /wi yxkosa rks i'kq&i{kh] jktk&tk lc n'kZu
ek=k ls eksfgr gksosaA
(16) iku dh tM+ dk fryd cukdj eLrd ij yxkus ls lalkj eksfgr gks
tkrk gSA
(17) fpjfpjh (vikekxZ) ejS;k (Hk`a) yktoUrh rFkk lgnsbZ ihldj fryd
yxkus ls lalkj eksfgr gks tkrk gSA
(18) liQsn vkd (enu) dh tM+] eksFkk] dqVdh] thjk bu lc phtksa dks [kwu
esa ihldj j[k ysaA fiQj fof/or~ fryd yxk;s rks tks L=kh mls ns[ks og
eksfgr gks tk;A
(19) xksjkspu] eSufly] ds'kj vkSj i=kt bu lc dks ihldj fryd yxkos rks
ftlds lkeus eq[k djsa og o'k esa gks; lHkk esa tkosa rks lHkk eksfgr gks;A
491

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

blesa lUnsg ughaA


(20) vkaoys ds jl esa flUnwj] dqedqe] ds'kj] xksjkspu ihldj eLrd ij
fryd djsa rks tgk rd lqxU/ mM+dj igqpsxh ogk rd ds L=kh&iq#"k
eksfgr gks tk,axsA
(21) ukSeh ds fnu 'kq gksdj /wi tykdj mldh jk[k ekFks ij yxk ysa rks
lHkh eksfgr gksaA
(22) Hkkax dh ikh] liQsn ljlksa vkSj ?kh feykdj 'kjhj ij ysi djsa rks L=kh
eksfgr gks;A
(23) jfookj ds fnu lgnsbZ ds jl esa rqylh ds cht ihldj Hkx ij ysi djus
ls iq#"k eksfgr gks tkrs gSaA
(24) thjk] dqVdh] vkd dh tM+ rFkk ekSFkk bu lcdks :f/j esa ihldj
feykdj fryd yxkosa rks tks L=kh ns[ks ogh eksfgr gksosaA
(25) U U U, U, , U, U, ,
, U, U, , U, , , U,
S, U c UU-UU U, U U
U U, U U U U U U
U
(26) loZo'k &csyi=k dks Nk;k esa lq[kkdj dfiyk xk; ds nw/ esa xksyh cuk
dj j[k ysa fiQj tc pkgs rc xksyh f?kldj fryd yxk;sa rks fuf'pr gh
lc o'k gks tk;saA
(27) iku ls o'khdj.k &lg~nos h ykdj Nk;k esa lq[kk ysa fQj mldk pw.kZ dj
ftls Hkh iku esa nsa og o'khHkwr gks tk;s ;g lR; gSA
(28) rU, UU Q U UU
UU U U U
(29) U UU U
U U
(30) o, , , U, U , U U UU
UU U U S
U, , , U U U
492

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

(106) U U
(1) U U U S U U U U
(2) U, , U U S U U
U U
(3) U, r U UU U U U
U U
(4) U UU U U U U

(107) -
ea= & ueks Hkxors mkejsojk; eksg; eksg; feyh feyh B% B% LokgkA
fof/k & kqHk ewgrq Z esa mkj dh vksj eqga djds lw;ksnZ ; ds le; ewxa s dh ekyk ls tki
vkjEHk djsAa 30 gtkj tki gksus ls ;g ea= fl) gks tkrk gSA fQj fdlh Hkh
ra= dk iz;ksx djus ls igys m oLrq dks lkr ckj vfHkeaf=r dj iz;ksx djsa
rks fup; gh okhdj.k gksxkA
-(1) - 'kqHk eqgrw Z esa fcYo i= rFkk fctkSjk dks cdjh ds nw/k esa
f?kldj iwoks
Z ea= ls vfHkeaf=r dj fryd djsa rks lkeus okyk rqjra ok gksA
(2) XokjikBk ds ewy esa Hkkax dk cht ihldj iwoks
Z ea= ls vfHkeaf=r dj fryd
djsa rks mke okhdj.k gksA
(3) vikekxZ dh tM+ dks dfiyk xk; ds nw/k esa ;k cdjh ds nw/k esa ihldj iwoks
Z
ea= ls vfHkeaf=r dj vius eLrd ij fryd yxkus ls ns[kus okys yksx okhHkwr
gksrs gSaA
(4) loZ okhdj.k xksyh & ljlksa rFkk nsonky Hkkj csj dks ihldj xksyh
cuk,A mls iwoksZ ea= ls vfHkeaf=r dj vius eqag esa j[kdj ftlls okrkZyki
fd;k tk;] ogh ok esa gks tkrk gSA
Z ea=
(5) loZ okhdj.k ysi & osr nwc dks dfiyk xk; ds nw/k esa ihldj iwoks
ls vfHkeaf=r dj vius kjhj ij ysi djus ls ns[kus okys lc yksx ok esa gksrs
gSaA
(6)loZtu okhdj.k /kwi & es<a kflaxh- cp] jky] [kl] pUnu vkSj NksVh byk;ph&
bu lcdks leHkkx ysdj dwV ihldj Nku ysa rFkk okhdj.k ea= ls vfHkeaf=r
493

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

dj iguus dk dksbZ oL= j[kdj /kwuh nsa rks L=h ok esa gksrh gS] vf/kdkjh

ns[krs gh izlUu gksrk gS rFkk ;&fo; esa ykHk gksrk gSA


(7) loZtu okhdj.k cqjdh HkLe & kfuokj ds fnu tc ?kfuBk u{k= gks] rc
ccwy dh tM+ ykdj pw.kZ djs]a fQj iwoks
Z ea= ls vfHkeaf=r dj ftlds eLrd
ij Mkyk tk;] ogh okhHkwr gksxkA

(10) o'kh gks;& 1- esuf'ky fla/ko] xksjkspu] Hka`xjkt ds jl esa bu phtksa dks
f?kldj gkFk ij] ftldks o'k djuk pkgs] mldk uke fy[ks]a fQj vfXu
esa rikosa rks o'kh gksrk gSA
(11) gLRk u{k= jfookj ds fnu va/kkgqyh dks ysdj jktk ds ekFks ij Mkysa
rks jktk o'k esa gksrk gSA vkSj nq"V O;fDr Hkh Lusg djus yxrk gSA
(12) csy ds iks dk pw.kZ vkSj fctksjk dks cdjh ds nw/k esa f?kldj bl ea=
ls eaf=r dj fryd djus ls lkeus okyk rqjUr o'k esa gks tkrk gSA
(13) iq"; u{k= esa vkd vkSj /krwjs dk ijh Hkkx ,ao dVsyh dh tM+ ykdj
lcdks feykdj pw.kZ djsAa bl pw.kZ dks ftlds flj ij Mky fn;k tk,
mlls okafNr oLrq izkIr dh tk ldrh gSA
(14) lHkk xksBh ok esa djs&a xksjkspu dks lkFk esa j[kdj xksBh esa Hkkk.k nsus
ij oO; dh izkalk gksxhA cq/kokj dks dslj] eSaufly vkSj xksjkspu dks
HkHkwr gksaxsA
vfHkHkw
xaxkty esa ihl dj fryd yxkdj tkosa rks lHkh Jksrk v
(15) rhu yksd ds euq; ok esa gkssa& ikap nw/k okys o`{kksa dk nw/k cM+] xqYyj]
cz] ihiy] iykk <kd] rUnqy vFkok NksVs cM+ dk o`{k foksk dkyh eaFksyh
ds jl esa ikp lw= dks vkd dh :bZ] dey uky dk lw=] fkeyk dh :bZ]dikl
dk lw=]nsso dikl dk lw=] feykdj ckh cukdj ikap o`{kksa ds nw/k] dkyh
eaFksyh ds jl ls ckh dks Hkkouk nsAa fQj fryksa ds fry esa ckh Mkydj nhid
tykosa rks rhuksa yksd ds euq; ok esa gksosaA
(16) UUU U UU U U
U Q U UU U
(17) UU, U, , , U U
U , , M, U
U U U
494

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

(18) c CU U U
U, U U U
(19) UU U U U
U U U U
(20) loZo'k &csyi=k dks Nk;k esa lq[kkdj dfiyk xk; ds nw/ esa xksyh cuk dj j[k
ysa fiQj tc pkgs rc xksyh f?kldj fryd yxk;sa rks fuf'pr gh lc o'k gks tk;sAa
(21) iku ls o'khdj.k &lg~nsoh ykdj Nk;k esa lq[kk ysa fiQj mldk pw.kZ dj ftls
Hkh iku esa nsa og o'khHkwr gks tk;s ;g lR; gSA
(22) djkekrh xksyh &ljlksa rFkk nsonk: dks ,df=kr dj U xksyh cuk ysa]
fiQj U xksyh dks eqg esa j[kdj ftlls ckr djsa og fuf'pr gks o'khHkwr
gksA
(23). - ,
-
2. -
S
3. - 'kfuokj ds fnu tc /fu"Bk u{k=k vkos ml fnu ccwy dh tM+ ys vkosa
fiQj mls ftlds mQij Mkysa og vo'; o'k esa gks tk;sA
4. cM+ dh tM+ dks ty ds lkFk ihlsa fiQj HkLe feykdj eLrd ij fryd
yxk;sa rks lc yksx o'k gksaA
5. vksaxk dh tM+ dks dfiyk xk; ds nw/ esa ihl dj fryd yxkosa rks lc
yksx o'k esa gksaA
6. lgnsoh dks Nk;k esa lq[kk dj pw.kZ cukdj iku esa nsa rks loZ yksx o'k gksa;sA
7. xksjkspu vkSj lgnsoh dk fryd lc yksxksa dks o'k esa djrk gSA
8. xwyj dh tM+ dks ysdj eLrd ij fryd yxkosa rks n'kZu ek=k ls fulansg
lcdk f; gksrk gS vkSj iku esa nsosa rks lc yksx o'k esa gksaA
9. ds'kj] lksB] dwV] gjrky] eSufly] vukfedk vaxqyh dk :f/j feykdj
fryd yxkosa rks lc yksx o'k esa gksaA
10. xksjkspu] dey i=k] dkaxuh vkSj yky pUnu bu lc dk fryd eLrd ij
yxkosa rks lc yksx o'k esa gksaA
11. rxj] dwV] gjrky vkSj ds'kj bu lcdks cjkcj&cjkcj ysdj vukfedk
495

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

vaxqyh ds jDrkal esa ihldj fryd yxkdj tgka Hkh tk;sa rks ns[kus okys
o'k esa gks tk;saA
(24) 'k=kq o'khdj.k 1- vius 'k=kq dk uke yksgs ds irjs ij fy[kdj mls 'k=kq
ds ?kj esa nck nsa vkSj ml ij lkr fnu rd ikuh fxjkrs jgsa rks 'k=kq o'khHkwr
gks tk,xkA
2- ;fn yky pUnu dh L;kgh ls Hkksti=k ij 'k=kq dk uke fy[kdj mls 'kgn
esa Mqcksa nsa rks 'k=kq o'k esa gks tkrs gSaA
(25) jktk o'khdj.k 1-dqedqe] pUnu] diwj vkSj rqylh ny bu lcdks xk;
ds nw/ esa ihldj fryd yxk;sa rks jktk o'k esa gks; A
2- gfjrky] vlxa/] diwj] eSufly lc dks cdjh ds nw/ esa ihldj fryd
yxk;s rks jktk o'k gks; A

(26) Mkfduh o'khdj.k &[kSj dh ydM+h ls peM+s dks tyk,a vkSj mldh
jk[k esa mQV dk ew=k feyk;sa rks leLr Mkfduh fy[kus okys ds ikl vk
tk;asxhA

(108) L-
- L L S
- , A
L v h h ,
, Q
S m
# S ,

-(1) , - S
Q , S
S
w. c, , L Q

496

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

(2) -


(3)L U S US U, U U
U UU U U U Q U
L S U U, U U U
(4)L - S
, Q
L ,
(5) - ( c) -, L-
Q

(6) - v. , , c -
Q

w. U, , , , S U,
Q
(7) - v. L vw U
,
U
w. , , , (, UU, UU)
, S

(8) - S S

(9)L S U U U
U S S U L U U U U
U
(10)- v. , , ,
497

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

S S L

w. , ,
Q L S

x. S S
, L S

y. -

z. U U
S
v}
h U
h
|. dkS, dh chV vkSj eksj ds ia[kksa dks lq[kk dj ihl ysa fiQj le; feyrs
gh ifr ds flj ij Mky nsus ls ifr o'k esa gksrk gSA
}. vukj dk iapkax ihldj liQsn ljlksa feykdj ;ksfu ij ysi djsa rks nqHkkZxk
(dq#i) L=kh Hkh vius ifr dks viuk nkl cuk ysrh gSA
~. xksjkspu o ;ksfu dk jDr dsys ds jl esa feykdj fryd yxkus ls L=kh vius
ifr dks o'k esa dj ldrh gSA
v. iku ds iks dks lkr fnu rd cdjh ds nw/ esa fHkxksus ds ckn mls /wi esa
lq[kk ysa vkSj mls rkcht cukdj vius gkFk esa cka/ ysa rks vkidk ifr
vkids o'k esa gksxkA

(109) S-
ea= - iwja {kksHk; Hkxorh xEHkhjk Cywa LokgkA
fof/k & kqHk ewgrq Z esa 20 gtkj tki ls igys ea= fl) dj ysAa
(1) S -1- jfookj ds fnu dkys /krwj dk iapkax ykdj ihl
ysAa fQj mlds lkFk diwj] dqd
a eq rFkk xksjkspu feykdj ?kksVs rFkk m ea= ls
498

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

lkr ckj vfHkefU=r dj vius eLrd ij fryd djsAa ftl L=h dh igyh ckj
utj iM+xs h og pkgs v:U/krh gh D;ksa u gks] ml iq:k ds okhHkwr gks tk;sxhA
Z
2-. yktoUrh] eqyBS h vkSj deyxs dks ihl dj vius oh;Z ds lkFk feyk dj iwoks
ea= ls vfHkeaf=r dj fryd djsa rks L=h okhHkwr gksxhA
(2) L=h okhdj.k pw.kZ &1
&1- jfookj dh jkr dks kekku dh jk[k yk,a] mlesa
viuk Fkwd vkSj oh;Z feykdj mijksDr ea= ls vfHkefU=r dj Lo L=h dks
f[kyk;k tk, rks og ok esa jgsxhA
(3) L=h okhdj.k lqxU/k& fctkSjs dh tM+ /krwjs ds cht rFkk I;kt& bu lHkh
oLrqvksa dks ,d= dj ihl ysa fQj mls iwoks
Z ea= ls vfHkefU=r dj ftl L=h
dks lqa?kk;k tk,xk og lwa?krs gh ok esa gks tk,xhA
(4) L=h okhdj.k dk ty& tks L=h igyh ckj jtLoyk gqbZ gks] mlds ekfld
/keZ ds j ;q oL= dks ys vkosAa mldh ckh cukdj] nhid esa vjaMh dk rsy
Hkj] ml ckh dks Mkydj tyk,a rFkk dkty ikjsAa ml dkty dks iwoks ea=
ls vfHkefU=r dj ftl L=h dks mldh jk[k yxk nh tk;] og Hkzfer fpk
gksdj Lo;a gh lk/ku dkkZ ds ikl pyh vkrh gSA
(5)L=h okhdj.k /kwi & esa<kflaxh- cp] jky] [kl] pUnu vkSj NksVh byk;ph&
bu lcdks leHkkx ysdj dwV ihldj Nku ysa rFkk okhdj.k ea= ls vfHkeaf=r
dj iguus dk dksbZ oL= j[kdj /kwuh nsa rks L=h ok esa gksrh gSA
(6) S 1.U 'k[kk]liQsn xqa(Rr)xksj[keaqM] Z (vkd)ds
iRrs ij Us y] UU ds (vka]]na] y
vkSj oh;Z) lc pw.kZ iku ds vanU n L=kh o'k esa U fiQj
o ys'k uga dj
2. U U UU U
, U U Q U UU S
U U
3. , U, , , U U U
U, U U Q U UU U U
S U U U U
4. Q U UU S
, U U U
499

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

5.

6.
7.
8.
910-

11-

12.
13.

14.

15.

16.

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

UU U , SUQ, U DU U UU U
U UUQ U S U U UU U
U
S S
c S L
U S U
S
pesyh ds iQwyksa dk jl fudky dj mlesa pUnu dk jl feyk nsa vkSj mlls viuh
gFksyh ij L=kh dk uke fy[ksa rks og L=kh vkids o'k esa gksxhA
jfookj dks dkys /rwjs ds iQwy] Mky rFkk csy i=k vkSj tM+ ysdj ihldj eLrd
ij yxkus ls L=kh o'k esa gksrh gSA
ds'kj rFkk xksjkspu feykdj fryd yxkosa rks lk{kkr~ va/h Hkh gks rks Hkh og L=kh
o'k esa gksrh gS A
fprk dh HkLe vkSj czn.Mh dk pw.kZ U UQ U
ftl L=kh ds 'kjhj ij euq"; fNM+d nsas rks og L=kh mlds o'k esa gks tk;s
;g lR; gSA
iq"; u{k=k esa Hkksti=k ij ukjh ds nw/ ds vUnj jksyh feyk, mls vius gkFk
esa cka/s rks ukjh vkidh nklh cu tk,xhA
fprk dh HkLe ysdj dwV] rxj] cp vkSj dqedqe ;g lc ihldj ftl
L=kh ds flj vkSj euq"; ds ikao rys Mkysa rks og tc rd thos rc rd
nkl cuk jgsA
jfr ds i'pkr~ tks iq#"k vius ck;s gkFk ls vius oh;Z dks ysdj L=kh ds nk;sa
pj.k ds ryqosa esa eyrk gS og L=kh lnk ds fy, mldh nklh gks tkrh gSA
blesa dksbZ lUnsg ughaA
tyrh fprk dh jk[k dks ds'kj esa vkSj xkS ew=k esa feyk dj mls /wi esa
lq[kkdj pw.kZ dh rjg cuk dj j[ksa] cl tc ftl ukjh dks vius o'k esa
djuk rc mls fcu crk, mlds flj ij ,d pqVdh Mky nsa rks og ukjh
vkids o'k esa gks tk,xhA
dkys Hkojs dk ia[k ysdj mls ykSaxh ds lkFk feykdj ihl ysa tc og lw[k
tk;s] rks ftl ukjh dks o'k esa djuk gks mlds flj ij Mkys nsa rks og o'k
esa gks tk,xhA
500

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

17.

iku ds jl esa rkye[kkuk vkSj eSufly ihldj eaxyokj ds fnu fryd


yxk ysa rks L=kh o'k gks;A
18. fprk dh HkLe] cp] dwV] ds'kj vkSj xksjkspu bu lcdks cjkcj&cjkcj
ysdj pw.kZ cukdj ftl L=kh ds flj esa NksMsaxs og o'k esa gks tk;sxhA
19. lsa/k ued] 'kgn o dcwrj dh fo"Bk dks ihldj tks iq#"k vius fyax ij
ysi djds L=kh ds lkFk fo"k; (dke) djrk gS og iRuh mls vR;Ur f;
o n; dk nsork le>us yxrh gSA
20. S

, ,
m ,
:

(110) S
(v)

S

(w) S S c U
, S
S U
(x) a c U
c S
(y) S- U U U U U
U S S
(5) S - a U
S , a

(6) S
S , S
(7) U U S
(8) U S
501

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj


(9) S- U ^U UU
U U U U UU U U U
S U U
(10) S U UU U U
U Q S UU U
(11) S U UU U U U U U U
S U U, U UU UU U
(12) S -
S L

(111) U
(v) - U a S


(w) a
M

(112) UU
(v) ( ) U
,
(w) , , , ,

(x) - U c ,

(y) - U ,
, (
)
(z) - Q S

502

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

({)

(|)
(})
(~)

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

U
ljlksa vkSj f'ko fuekZY; dks feykdj ftlds ?kj esa [kksn dj xkM+ nsosa rks
mlds ?kj esa mPpkVu gks tkrk gS vkSj tc mldks fudky ysosa rks mlds
?kj ds euq"; iqu% lq[kh gks tkrs gSaA
mYyw i{kh ds ia[k dks eaxyokj ds fnu ftlds ?kj esa [kksndj xkM+ nsa]
mldk mPpkVu gks tkrk gSA
ftlds ?kj esa jfookj ds fnu dkSoha dk ia[k xkM+ nsa] mlds ?kj esa mPpkVu
gks tkrk gSA
rkacs ds ik=k ij js'keh :eky fpidk, vkSj ml ij yksgs dh dye ls 'k=kq
dk uke fy[ksa rks 'k=kq dk mPpkVu vo'; gksxkA

(113)
dfri; rkaf=d xzUFkksa] iqLrdksa o xqVdksa vkfn esa vusd ouLifr ds dYi
Hkh feyrsgAaS ekj.k] mPpkVu] LraHku ds iz;ksx Hkh bu dYiksa esa miyC/k gksrs gSAa ;gka
16 izdkj ds dYi fn;s x, gSaA buds vfrfj bnzk;.k dYi] iaokM dYi] lQsn
daVkbZ dYi] yktoUrh dYi] ka[kiqih dYi] vikekxZ dYi] V dVkjk dYi] vkfn
rFkk ,d izdkj dk u{k=& dYi Hkh eq>s vkSj feyk Fkk] ftlesa dsoy ekj.k]
mPpkVu vkfn ds gh iz;ksx FksA mijks dYiksa esa dbZ ,d ds eq>s ea= ugha feys]
fdlh dk iwjk fof/k&
fof/k&fo/kkku ugha feykA dqN esa ekj.k] mPpkVu] LraHku ds cM+s mxz
iz;ksx fy[ks FksA ,rnFkZ mudks eSaus NksM+ fn;kA bu lcdks loZlk/kkj.k esa izpfyr
djuk eq>s mfpr ugha yxkA blhfy, os ;gka ugha fn;s x, gSAa ijUrq tks dYi fn;s
x, gS]a muds fy, Hkh lk/kdksa ls esjk uez fuosnu gS fd fdlh vfuV o nqV Hkkouk
ls ;s iz;ksx dHkh dke esa u yk;sAa D;ksfa d vius fd;s gq, nqdeksaZ ds iki ls vusd
tUeksa esa nq[k] ihM+k] dV Hkksxuk iM+rk gSA ysfdu gk ra=ksa dk iz;ksx ijksidkj gsrq
fd;k tkrk gS ftlds fy, kfuokj dks la/;k esa o`{k ds ikl tkosa **ee
ee dk;Z flf)
dq: dq: Lokgk*
Lokgk** bl ea= dk mPpkj.k djds pUnu] pkoy] iqi] uSos|] /kwi nhi
}kjk mldk iwtu djsa o eksyh cka/kdj vk tkosaA
nwljs fnu jfookj dks& iq; u{k= ds fnu lw;ksZn; ls iwoZ tkosa vkSj ea= i<+dj
ewy o iks ys vkosaA ea= & ^ue% loZ Hkwrkf/kir;s xzl kksk; HkSjoh;kKkifr
LokgkA ?kj vkdj iqu% ea= i<+dj iz;ksx esa yk;saA
503

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

(114) :nzk{k dyi


Hkksx vkSj eks{k dh bPNk j[kus okys pkjksa o.kksaZ ds yksxksa dks :nzk{k /kkj.k djuk
pkfg,A mke :nzk{k vla[; iki lewgksa dk Hksnu djus okyk gSA tks :nzk{k
xqt
a kQy ds leku cgqr NksVk gksrk gS] og lEiw.kZ euksjFkksa vkSj Qyksa dks flf) djus
okyk gksrk gSA :nzk{k tSl&s tSls NksVk gksrk gS] oSl&s oSls vf/kd Qy nsus okyk gksrk
gSA ,d&,d cM+s :nzk{k ls ,d&,d NksVs :nzk{k dks fo}kuksa us nl xquk vf/kd
Qy nsus okyk crk;k gSA
ftl :nzk{k esa vius vki gh Mksjk fijksus ;ksX; fNnz gks x;k gks ogh mke
ekuk tkrk gSA ftlesa euq; ds iz;Ru ls Nsn fd;k x;k gks og e/; Js.kh dk gksrk
gSA
Ng eq[kh :nzk{k dh ekyk dku es]a ckjg dh gkFk esa iUnzg dh Hkqtk es]a ckbZl dh
eLrd es]a lkkbZl dh xys es] ckhl dh daB esa ftlls >wy dj og gzn; dks LikZ
djrh jgs /kkj.k djuh pkfg,A
Ng eq[kh :nk{k nkfgus gkFk esa] lkr eq[kh daB esa] vkB eq[kh eLrd esa]
ukS eq[kh ck;sa gkFk es]a pkSng eq[kh fk[kk es]a ckjg eq[k okys :nzk{k dks dsk izns k
esa /kkj.k djuk pkfg,A blds /kkj.k djus ls vkjksX; ykHk] lkfRod izo`fk dk
mn;] kfDr dk vkfoHkkZo] vkSj fo?u ukk gksrk gSA

(115)

e;wj fk[kk dYi

tgka e;wj fk[kk gks] vVeh] prqnZ kh] iq; u{k= ;k gLr u{k=] nhikoyh
ds fnu ogka tkdj pkoy o fry dks fuEu fyf[kr ea= ls 21 ckj vfHkeaf=r dj
ml ij MkysaA
ea= & gzh e;wj fk[kk egklq[k loZdk;Za lk/k; lk/k; LokgkA
1- e;wj fk[kk dh tM+ dks gkFk esa cka/k dj ftlds ikl tk,a vkSj dqN ekaxs rks mlds
ikl tks gksxk] og nsxkA
2- e;wjfk[kk dh tM+ dks gkFk esa cka/kdj tk,a rks fookn esa t; gksA
3- e;wjfk[kk dh tM+ dks /kwi nsdj gkFk easa cka/ks rks gj rjg dk Toj&ukk gksA
4- e;wj fk[kk dh tM+ dks frtksjh esa j[ksa rks v[kaM HkaMkj jgsA

(116) lgnsoh dYi


fof/k& tc o`{k dks U;kSrk nsus tk, rks loZiFz ke ^^ee dk;Z flf)a dq: dq: Lokgk**
ea= ls iwtk djds ty p<+k,a ,oa ekSyh ck/kdj fuea=.k ns vk,aA nwljs fnu
504

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

ea=

v.
w.
x.
y.

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

izkr% jfoiq; ;ksx esa ^^  gzh {kkSa QV~ Lokgk** bl ea= dk mPpkj.k dj ewy
o iapkx vkfn ys vk,a] fQj ea= ls eaf=r dj iz;ksx esa ysAa  ueks Hkxorh
lgnsoh l}r /;uh; l}so} dq:&dq: LokgkA
 ueks :ikorh loZ izhrsfr Jh loZ tujath loZ yksd okhdj.kh loZ lq[k
jatuh egkekbZy ?kksy Fkh dq: dq: LokgkA
c C

, D
U z z

U

(117) U
-- -
- - S
v.

w.

(118)
- -
S
v. c m U
-

(119) U
- , vwz
h
- - S
-

(120)
505

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

- c U
- O O O O S
c - U
R S
U U
v. U
w. , , -
x. , , ,
y.
z. , , ,
S-Q U , y
U c UU
6.
, , U U U U
7.
SU U U
8.
U U U U U U
9.
, S U # U U
v0. L U S U f U

(121)
dHkh&dHkh o`{kksa ds lkFk nwljh iztkfr ds o`{k Lor% gh mx vkrs gSaA mUgha
dks ckank ;k ckny dgrs gSaA ijthoh ouLifr ;k ckank u{k= foksk esa ykus ij
JsB Qy iznku djrk gS ysfdu fof/k iwoZd ykuk pkfg, vkSj xqIr LFkku ij
j[kuk pkfg,A fuR; .keksdkj ea= ;k y{eh ea= dk tki djsaA
1- iq; u{k= esa beyh dk ckank ykdj yky oL= esa cka/kdj Hkqtk ij /kkj.k djus
;k eqnzk HkaMkj esa j[kus ls y{eh dh d`ik lnSo cuh jgrh gSA
2- Lokfr u{k= esa cSj dk ckank ykdj iwtk ds ckn ?kj ds xqIr LFkku ij j[kus ls
lkalkfjd lq[kksa dh izkfIr gksrh gSA+
3- jksfg.kh u{k= esa xwyj dk ckank ykdj fof/kor iwtk ds ckn iwtkx`g esa j[kusa ls
fnu nwuh /ku o`f) gksrh gSA bl u{k= esa oV o`{k dk cka/kk gkFk esa cka/krs rks loZok
gks A
4- iwokZQkYxquh u{k= esa lsey dk ckank ykdj iwtuksijkUr ?kj ds xqIr LFkku esa
506

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

j[kus ls /ku dh o`f) gksrh gSA


5- vyskk u{k= esa lkseokj ds fnu cgsMk+ dk ckank ykdj iwtus ls Hkh /ku dh o`f` )
gksrh gSA cgsM+k dk ckans dk pw.kZ dj [kk;s rks Hkwr tk;sa A
6- iwokZkk<
kk<+ u{k= esa nwokZ dk ckank ykdj iwtk djs]a fQj O;olk; LFky ij j[ksa rks
O;olk; esa o`f) gksrh gSA
7- ifr ifRu esa izes u gks rks mkjkQkYxquh u{k= esa vke dk ckank ykdj nkbZa ckag
esa /kkj.k djsa rks thou lq[kh jgrk gSA
8- LFkkbZ y{eh dh dkeuk gsrq gLr u{k= esa fuxqMZ h+ dk ckank ykdj y{eh iwtk ds
ckn ?kj esa j[kus ls y{eh ml ?kj esa LFkk;h :i ls okl djrh gSA
uksV & blh izdkj xzg.kdky esa y{eh ea= dk tkidj mlh ea= ls 108 ckj vkgwfr;ka
nsus ls ckank peRdkjh izHkko fn[kkrk gSA y{eh ea= & ueks /kunk; Lokgk
9- vfouh & bl u{k= esa csy o`{k dk ckUnk gkFk esa /kkj.k djsa rks vn`; gksA
10- d`fkdk
kdk& bl u{k= dks Fkwgj dk ckUnk gkFk esa /kkj.k djsa rks okd~&flf) gksA
11- jksfg.kh& bl u{k= dks oV o`{k dk ckUnk gkFk esa /kkj.k djsa rks loZ ok gksA
v- bl u{k= dks gjM+ o`{k dk ckUnk ykdj ikl esa j[ks rks jkt&lEeku
12- Lokfr&vfeysA
c & bl u{k= esa csj o`{k dk ckUnk gkFk esa /kkj.k djds ftlls tks ekax]s og bUdkj
u gksA
l & bl u{k= esa uhe o`{k dk ckUnk gkFk esa /kkj.k djsas rks vn`; gksA
13- vuqjk/kk & bl u{k= esa dusj o`{k dk ckUnk nkfgus gkFk ij cka/ks rks k=q k=qrk
NksMA+s bl u{k= esa jksfgrd dk ckUnk xzg.k dj eq[k esa j[ks rks vn`; gksA
14. U- U U U U Q # U U
15. - U U hU # U U
16. -
U
17. - U U U U U hU U U
18. ..- U - U U U
19. . - U U U # U U
20. -
hS
507

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

21. -
Q ,
, U
22. UU - U ,
%
23. - U U U
- v
h Q
~ h
- L S L L S

(122)
- M S
S
U
Q
wv S

(123)
v. - O M

-- -l
- C-h #
U Q
, c, , ,
, , l , S U, S,
L M vwz ,
, ,
w. - O SM h L
L SU
- S C m
508

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

S , , , c,
, , , l
,
x. - O O
- v} U
y. - O
- v U wv U
S
cv. S C

w. S , -S
x. -
U, U
y. ,
() , -

(124) -

v.
w.
x.
y.
z.
{.
|.

S
U U - h L L S
U U
U L y SS


, r A ,

, U , U ,
r , , h

U
509

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

}.

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

U U U UU UU U U

(125)
v.
w.
x.
y.
z.
{.
|.



, SS
Q U
C-
S C
Q U

(126) U
c U UU U ,
U U U , U UU UU U U
UU U S U U U U
U U U U U U U

U wv
S U U

(127)
U U U , U
U U U U, S U
v. U U U U, U U U
U U U
w. , , U U U U U
U
x. U U U U U
y. U U U U U
z. U U , U
U U
{. U S U U U
510

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

|. U UU U U U U, U
U U - U U

(128)
U wz U U U
U U
U , UU U U , U
U UU U U U

v. UU S U U UU UZ U
w. U U U
x. UU S U
y. U U U U, U, cU U, DU,
, U U
OU
v

(129) U
OU U U OU U OU OU OU OU OU U U U SU
U UU , UUQ wv U U
U , U MU U wv U UUQ UU ,
v. U U U
U, U
w. NU U U U U
x. S U U U, CU U

(130) UQ
v.
w.
x.
y.

c U U U U U U U H
c CU, US U S , H
f U U, U , U H
U U U , U UU U U, U H
511

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

z. U, U S U, U H
{. U U U, U U U , H
|. U , U U U , U U H
}. UQ , , U UH
~. U U , U U, U, UU UH
v. U , U , , CU U H
vv. , U S U, UU H
vw. , U UU U , UU UUH
vx. SU , , L UH
vy. UQ , U U , U f H
vz. , U U U , UH
v{. , U S , UH
v|. U U, , U H
v}. M , U U , H
v~. U , U U U , UUH
w. U, U Q U , UUH
wv. UUU, U U U , UU H
ww. U
, U U, U U H
wx. , U, H
wy. SU UU , , U UU H
wz. , U U U U UU , UH
w{. U , U U U U U, UU H
w|. , U U U, U H
w}. U , , CU U H
w~. UU , U U U U , U H
x. UQ
U U, U f U, H

(131) UQ
U c , U UU , c CU
512

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

US , S U
(U) S . (432) -
U OU U SU UU , U U
Q UQ wv U UU U
v. U U U UU U
w. S U U U U S U U U
U U U U U U U U
U
x. UQ UU S U U
U
y. U U U U, U U
-U U U U U UU
z. U , CU
U
{. UU S U f
U
|. U UU U UU

}. SU U

(132)
r
c, DU DU U SUH
U S U U UU
U U U UU, S UU, U,
U UUQ UU U U U
UU U U US U L U
S U U L U U S
L S L U U S U U
f U
U U U UQ UU S
513

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

U SU U, U U U U
U U
U U U U U SU OU U
SU
l U U, UU U-M U-U
U U , U U SU
UUQ U U S
U U U

(133) (U)
U U U () U U U _U
U U, U U U , U U U U U , U
U , UU U U U U U
U UU U UU , UU wv U U U
(U U) SUH U U U U U U
, U U U v UU, w UU, UU x UU,
U x UU U , U U U, U
- U U U U -, U
UU U U U U U
U- U U

(134) UU
U U, U, U
U U, U U U, U U, U
-U U , U U U U U UU U
U U U UU U U U
U

(135) -
1.
2.

U v} U U , U U
U U
U f v} , xw U M U
UU, U U U U
514

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

3.
4.

5.

6.

7.

8.
9.

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

U U U U UU
S
U U , U , U U U U,
U U, U
(U UU)
f U U U U U U
UU U UU U U UU, U UU
U U U U, U U U U
UU , U U U U
U U U U U UU
v} U U U U U U U
U U U U
U U , U U U
UU U f M M SU
yz U U
U v , UU v U v U M
U U , U U U U
UU M U, U , U U
U U U U v U, U U U
f U U ( S)
UU U , U
U, U U U, U UU { U ,
U S U U U U U S,
U U U
, , U U U U, w U, UUU U
v U U U
UU U , UU U
U, U U U U U U U UU
UU U, U UU U, , U U U
, U U U, UU U ,
U U S , U U
U f
515

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

10 . U U U U, U
U U U U U U U U
UU UU U UU w
U U , U U , ,
U UUQ U f
11. S } , U y , y , U y
U U, U f U

(136) / U U
(1) U U - Q
S U, , , , , ,
, M, , , , U, U, U, ,
, Q c, , , U, U, , U, U
c, U, U c
S U UU
(2) U U- , SU, U , , , U,
U, , , S U, U,
-, U, , U, U, , , U
, , , , , , M, , , ,
, U, U, U, , , U, ,
,, U, , , , U, U
U ~ U UU U U U c
v} A

137] xzg nksk fuOkj.k ouLifr ewy tM+ rU=


fofHkUu xzgksa ls lacaf/kr ihM+k kkfUr gsrq iz;qDr tM+ksa dks fof/k&fo/kku ls ykdj
nkfgus gkFk esa /kkj.k djsaA
lw;Z&xzg dh kkfUr ds fy, csy vFkok csar dh ewy dks /kkj.k djsaA
pUnz &xzg dh kkfUr ds fy, f[kjuh dh ewy dks /kkj.k djsaA
eaxy
y&xzg dh kkfUr ds fy, liZ ftOgk vFkok vuUr dh ewy dks /kkj.k djsaA
cq/kk&xzg dh kkfUr ds fy, cj/kjk dh ewy dks /kkj.k djsaA
516

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

xw: &xzg dh kkfUr ds fy, Hkkjaxh vFkok dsys dh ewy dks /kkj.k djsaA
k
k&xzg dh kkfUr ds fy, ljiksa[k ;k vjaMs dh ewy dks /kkj.k djsaA
kfu
kfu&xzg dh kkfUr ds fy, fcNqvk ;k fcPNw dh ewy dks /kkj.k djsaA
jkgq &xzg dh kkfUr ds fy, osr pUnu dh ewy dks /kkj.k djsaA
dsrq& xzg dh kkfUr ds fy, voxa/k dh ewy dks /kkj.k djsaA
blds vykok loZ xzg dh ihM+k kkfUr ds fy, dkys /krqjs dh ewy dks /kkj.k djsAa

138] xzg nksk fuOkj.k rU= Luku erkUrj ls


fofHkUu xzgksa dh kkfUr ds fy, fuEufyf[kr ouLifr }kjk Luku djkus ls
lq[k&kkfUr dh izkfIr gksrh gS A
lw;Z &xzg dh kkfUr ds fy, dusj] nqigfj;k] ukxkjeksFk] nsonk:] eSufly] dslj]
byk;ph] ik[k] egqvk ds Qwy vkSj lqxU/k ckyk dk pw.kZ vkfn ikuh esa Mkydj
Luku djsaA
pUnz &xzg dh kkfUr ds fy, iapnzO; ]pkWanh] eksrh] ka[k] lhi] vkSj dqeqn ikuh esa
Mkydj Luku djsaA
eaxy
y&xzg dh kkfUr ds fy, lksaB] lkSaQ] yky pUnu] flaxjQ] ekydkaxuh vkSj
ekSyljh ds Qwy ikuh esa Mkydj Luku djsaA
cq/kk&xzg dh kkfUr ds fy, gjM+] cgsM] xkse;] pkoy] xksjkspu] Lo.kZ] vkWaoyk vkSj
pkluh ikuh esa Mkydj Luku djsaA +
xq: &xzg dh kkfUr ds fy, en;fUr ds i=] eqysBh] lQsn ljlksa] ekyrh ds Qwy
vkfn dks ikuh esa Mkydj Luku djsaA
k
w ] cgsMk] vkWoa yk] byk;ph] dslj] vkSj eSufly]
k&xzg dh kkfUr ds fy, gjM+ey
fly]vkfn
dks ikuh esa Mkydj Luku djsaA
kfu
kfu&xzg dh kkfUr ds fy, dkysfry] lkSaQ] ukxjeksFk vkSj yks/k vkfn dks ikuh
esa Mkydj Luku djsaA
jkgq & xz g dh kkfUr ds fy, ukxjcs y ] yks g ku] fry ds i=] cp] xMw p h vkS j
rxjvkfn dks ikuh esa Mkydj Luku djsaA
ds r q & xz g dh kkfUr ds fy, lgns b Z ] yTtkyq yks c ku]cyk] eks F kk] fiz ; a x q vkS j
fgaxksB]]vkfn dks ikuh esa Mkydj Luku djsaA
loZ xzg dh ihM+k kkfUr ds fy, dwV] f[kYyh]ekydkauh] ljlksa] nsonk:] gYnh]
loksZk/kh] rFkk yks/k vkfn dks ikuh esa Mkydj Luku djsa A
517

rU= vf/kdkj
eaU=];U= vkSj rU=

eqfu izkFkZZuk lkxj

139 loZ xzg ihM+ nwj djus gsrq vkS"k/kh; Luku


Luku gsrq mi;ks;h inkFkZ
Luku dk fnu
xzg ds uke
lw;Z
pWna z
eaxy
cq/k
xq:
kq
kfu

byk;ph] llkBh] pkoy] [kl] pkluh e/kq]dey]


jfookj
veyrkl] dqedqe] nsonkj] xa/kd] uhe o rqylh dh iRrh]
pkanh dh HkLe] eksrh] ka[k pw.kZ] lhidk pw.kZ] iap.kO;
lkseokj
csyQy] tVkeklh] ewlyh] cyk dh tM+]ekSyJh ds
eaxyokj
iqi] lkSB] gYnh] xa/kd] uhe o rqylh dh iRrh
pkoy] pkluh kgn] xk; dk xkscj] xksjkspu]
cq/kokj
ousokjh eYoYk] xa/kd] uhe o rqylh dh iRrh]
lQsn ljlks]a ne;arh ds i=] eqyBs h] vkSj ekyrh
xq:okj
ds iqi] ;k dksbZ Hkh rhu tkrh ds iqi] gYnh]
f>a>jhBk] eSufly] dqedqe] dBgy];k gjM+] cgsM]+
kqokj
vkaoy] byk;ph] dslj]xa/kd] uhe o rqylh dh iRrh
cyk dh tM+] kr iqih] yks/k] dkys fry] lkSQ]lqjej] kfuokj
uxj eksFk] yks/k] xa/kd] uhe o rqylh dh iRrh
loZxzg& cyk] dwB] yktoarh] ewlyh] ukxj eksFk] ljlksa] nsonkj
gYnh] ljikSjok dh tM+] xa/kd]uhe ok rqylh dh iRrh bR;kfn ls
Luku djsaA
ftu inkFkksZa dk mi;ksx fd;k x;k gS mUgsa jkf= esa kq) ty esa

jkgq&dsrq vkfn
ds iqi]
fu;fer
uksV &Luku gsrq
fHkxks
dj j[ksAa nwljs fnu LoPN diM+s ls Nku dj mls Luku ds ty esa feykdj
Luku djsaA

V
G
N M ue%

V
Jh ohrjkxk; ue%

h ue%
518

Jh ohrjkxk; ue%