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E-BOOK - Bb

CONTENTS
Chapter 1: PLAYING THE POCKET
- Chapter 1.2 DVD Transcription ................................................................................. 1
- Chapter 1.3 DVD Play Along Chord Progression
Chapter 2: BASIC PENTATONIC STRUCTURE
- Pentatonic Scales
- Minor Pentatonic Scale Exercise in 12 Keys
..................................................... 2
.................................................................................................... 3
........................................................... 4
- Minor Pentatonic Ascending and Descending Exercise in 12 Keys
- Create Your Own Exercises
......................... 6
..................................................................................... 9
- Chapter 2.3 DVD Transcription ................................................................................ 11
- Chapter 2.4 DVD Transcription ................................................................................ 11
- Minor Pentatonic Workout Sheet ............................................................................ 12
Chapter 3: IMPROVISING INSIDE OF THE KEY
- Applying Pentatonic Over the Groove
- Chapter 3.2 DVD Trading Chord Progression
..................................................................... 13
........................................................ 14
- Chapter 3.3 DVD Play Along Chord Progression ................................................... 14
- Chapter 3.4 DVD Trading Chord Progression ........................................................ 14
Chapter 4: BLUES SUS
- Blues Sus Scale
- Blues Sus 4 Note Grouping
...................................................................................................... 15
..................................................................................... 15
- Blues Sus 4 Note Grouping Ascending and Descending Exercise in 12 keys ....... 16
- Chapter 4.1 DVD Transcription ................................................................................ 19
- Chapter 4.2 DVD Transcription ................................................................................
- Chapter 4.3 DVD Transcription ................................................................................
20
21
- Create Your Own Exercises .................................................................................... 22
- Chapter 4.4 DVD Play Along Chord Progression ................................................... 23
- Blues Sus Workout Sheet ...................................................................................... 24
CONTENTS
Chapter 5: IMPROVISING OUTSIDE OF THE KEY: Basic
- Pentatonic with a Half Step Movement ................................................................. 25
- Minor Pentatonic With A Half Step Movement Exercises ..................................... 26
- Chapter 5.3 DVD Transcription With Extension ..................................................... 28
- Scramble Formation .............................................................................................. 29
- Chapter 5.4 DVD Transcription ............................................................................... 29
- Chapter 5.5 DVD Transcription ............................................................................... 30
- Chapter 5.6 DVD Trading Chord Progression ......................................................... 30
Chapter 6: IMPROVISING OUTSIDE OF THE KEY: Advanced
- Minor 3rd Movement .............................................................................................. 31
- Chapter 6.1 DVD Transcription ............................................................................... 31
- Create Your Own Exercises ................................................................................... 33
- Pentatonic with a Chromatic Approach ................................................................ 34
- Chapter 6.2 DVD Transcription Part 1 ..................................................................... 34
- Chapter 6.2 DVD Transcription Part 2 ..................................................................... 34
- Chapter 6.3 DVD Transcription ............................................................................... 35
- Chapter 6.4 DVD Transcription ............................................................................... 35
- Invent Your Own Approach ..................................................................................... 36
- Chapter 6.5 DVD Transcription Part 1 ..................................................................... 36
- Chapter 6.5 DVD Transcription Part 2 ..................................................................... 36
- Create Your Own Exercises ................................................................................... 38
CONCLUSION
.............................................................................................................. 39
CHORD CHANGES FOR PLAY ALONG AND TRADING (DVD DISC 2)
........................ 40
- Chapter 6.6 DVD Trading Chord Progression ......................................................... 37
- Chapter 6.7 DVD Conclusion Jam .......................................................................... 37
PLAYING THE POCKET
Chapter 1
1
Throughout this E-Book, I will be talking about pentatonic structures and how to apply them
inside and outside of the key. Before we get started, I would like to show you how to play
inside the Groove; Playing The Pocket and what the depth of the groove is. For this DVD
that means playing in strict time with even eighth notes, while working on a solid
structure when you improvise. This DVD is more about playing what you feel, with a good
pocket than it is about technical things.
Continue...
The following example is a transcription from the DVD. (Chapter 1.2). With this transcription
you can see and hear how the written notes & rhythm fit in the groove or pocket. In the
E-Book we have provided several transcriptions for your convenience but the best way to learn
something is to take the time and learn it by ear. You can use the transcriptions as a reference
but you should transcribe much of this material yourself. Whether or not you write your
transcriptions down is up to you.
Chapter 1: Playing The Pocket
Chapter 1.2 DVD Transcription
A7 A6 F7/A E7(#9)
A7 A6 F7/A E7(#9)
A7 A6 F7/A E7(#9)
A7 A6 F7/A E7(#9)
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All the notes on the transcriptions are from A minor scale (1 - b3 - 4 - 5 - b7) and once in a
while with a sharp 4 in there to give it a little bit of a blues connotation. So its up to you to
figure out how you can play this quasi minor pentatonic scale sound without sounding too
scalular or too intervallic and keeping the pocket at the same time.
Chapter 1.3 DVD Play Along Chord Progression
Chapter 1: Playing The Pocket
A7 A6 F7/A E7(#9)
A7 A6 F7/A E7(#9)
A7 A6 F7/A E7(#9)
A7 A6 F7/A E7(#9)
A7
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A7 A6 F7/A E7(#9) A7
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BASIC PENTATONIC STRUCTURE
Chapter 2
Pentatonic Scales
3 Chapter 2: Basic Pentatonic Structure
The Pentatonic Scale is one of the most commonly used scales in the world. There are many
different pentatonic scales all of which are constructed of five notes only. The main focus of
this project is the Relative Minor Pentatonic Scale, commonly known as the Minor Pentatonic
Scale.
The A Minor Pentatonic Scale (Ex.1b) starts on the 5th note of it's parent scale: C Major
Pentatonic (Ex. 1a)
Example 1a: C Major Pentatonic Scale
Example 1b: A Minor Pentatonic Scale
As you can see, both scales share the same notes, however by changing the starting note,
a different texture to the sound is created.
1 2 3 5 6 1
1 b3 4 5 b7 1







Minor Pentatonic Scale Exercise in 12 Keys
4 Chapter 2: Basic Pentatonic Structure
G Minor Pentatonic
C Minor Pentatonic


















F Minor Pentatonic


















Bb Minor Pentatonic


















Eb Minor Pentatonic


Ab Minor Pentatonic


















5
Db Minor Pentatonic
F# Minor Pentatonic
B Minor Pentatonic
E Minor Pentatonic
A Minor Pentatonic
D Minor Pentatonic


















Chapter 2: Basic Pentatonic Structure


















Minor Pentatonic Ascending and Descending Exercise in 12 Keys
G Minor Pentatonic
C Minor Pentatonic
F Minor Pentatonic

























6 Chapter 2: Basic Pentatonic Structure
























Bb Minor Pentatonic

















































7 Chapter 2: Basic Pentatonic Structure
Eb Minor Pentatonic
Ab Minor Pentatonic

























Db Minor Pentatonic

























F# Minor Pentatonic

















































8 Chapter 2: Basic Pentatonic Structure
B Minor Pentatonic
E Minor Pentatonic

























A Minor Pentatonic
D Minor Pentatonic
















































Create Your Own Exercises
The previous exercises cover the basic scales & patterns of the minor pentatonic scale. Now
it's time for you to make up your own exercises. You can do this by Alternating the Orientation
of Notes and or Changing the Direction of Your Pattern.
One example of alternating the orientation is skipping a note in the basic fundamental scale.
For example if you played the 1, b3 and then played the 5 and came back down to the 4,
this would be alternating the orientation. Changing the direction means if your pattern is
ascending then you change the direction to descending. Your exercises can be symmetrical
or non-symmetrical. Here are some examples to get you started:
Ascending Symmetrical Pattern with an Alternative Note Orientation.
Descending Symmetrical Pattern with an Alternative Note Orientation
Continue...
Continue...

























9 Chapter 2: Basic Pentatonic Structure
Fundamental Scale: G Minor Pentatonic
1 b3 4 5 b7 1
Fundamental Ascending Fundamental Descending
1 b3 4 5 5 4 b3 1












10 Chapter 2: Basic Pentatonic Structure
There are so many possibilities using this method. You can also apply other tools such as
Octave Displacement and Doubling Notes as described below.
Non-Symmetrical Pattern with a Mixed Alternative Orientations & Direction

























*Orientation Shift = OS
OS OS OS OS OS
Use all the available tools to create your own exercises. As always practice your own exercises
in all keys the entire range of your instrument.
Symmetrical Pattern with an Alternative Note Orientation & Mixed Direction
Continue...

Continue...
Octave Displacement
Displaced Displaced


Doubling Notes
Double Double








11 Chapter 2: Basic Pentatonic Structure
Chapter 2.3 DVD Transcription
We have provided space for you to write down your transcription of this slight improvisation.

Chapter 2.4 DVD Transcription

































Minor Pentatonic Workout Sheet
Write Your Exercises Here
Fundamental Scale: ___ Minor Pentatonic

Fundamental Ascending Fundamental Descending


12 Chapter 2: Basic Pentatonic Structure


IMPROVISING INSIDE OF THE KEY
Chapter 3
Applying Pentatonic Over the Groove
13 Chapter 3: Improvising Inside The Key
In the previous chapter, I have explained a basic pentatonic structure and hopefully you came
up with various exercises of your own. Now I am going to explain how to make them more
personal.
Here are some basic ideas:
1. Break up the rhythm by using spaces or longer notes.
2. Break up the lines by changing direction.
3. Break up the lines by alternating the orientation of notes.
The following example is a transcription from the DVD (Chapter 3.1). Notice how one simple
pentatonic scale (D Minor Pentatonic) can be turned into a more personal line or improvisation.
Continue...
Chapter 3.1 DVD Transcription
D7 B7/E E7 D7 B/E E7
D7 B7/E E7 D7 B/E E7
D7 B/E E7 D7 B/E E7
D7 B7/E E7 D7 B/E E7
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Chapter 3.2 DVD Trading Chord Progression

D7 B7/E E7 D7

INTRO
Chapter 3.3 DVD Play Along Chord Progression

D7 B7/E E 7 D7



14 Chapter 3: Improvising Inside Of The Key
In Chapter 3.2 & Chapter 3.4, Ill play two measures and then you play two measures and
well trade back and forth. Be sure to pay attention to your time. Play even eighth notes with a
good pocket.
Chapter 3.4 DVD Trading Chord Progression

D7 B7/E E7 D7/G

INTRO
D7 B/E E7 D7 B/E E7
D7/G




BLUES SUS
Chapter 4
Blues Sus 4 Note Grouping
15 Chapter 4: Blues Sus
Omitting the b3 or the second note of the minor pentatonic forms the Blues Sus Scale. For
example, by taking out the b3 on G Minor Pentatonic Scale (ex. 4a), you can transform it to a
G Minor Blues Sus Scale (ex. 4b).
This scale will create an open sound because of its intervallic nature. This is one of the many
tools that can be taken into your playing to expand your vocabulary. I strongly recommend that
you practice this scale in all 12 keys.
Four note groupings gives the Blues Sus Scale more unity and direction. You can group this in
order or in random order. Please go through all the exercises to get this sound in your head
and under your fingers.
Blues Sus Scale
Example 4a: G Minor Pentatonic Scale
Example 4b: G Blues Sus Scale
Omitting Bb (b3)
1 b3 4 5 b7 1
1 4 5 b7 1











Blues Sus 4 Note Grouping Ascending and Descending Exercise in 12 keys
G Blues Sus
16 Chapter 4: Blues Sus
C Blues Sus
F Blues Sus












Bb Blues Sus




















Eb Blues Sus
17 Chapter 4: Blues Sus
Ab Blues Sus
Db Blues Sus
F# Blues Sus













B Blues Sus
18 Chapter 4: Blues Sus
E Blues Sus
A Blues Sus
D Blues Sus






Chapter 4.1 DVD Transcription
We have provided space for you to write down your transcription of this improvisation. Notice that
I like to throw in the 9th of the key sometimes. Technically the 9th is not in the Blues Sus Scale but
it sounds good.

A7 Bm7/A



Chord Progression

Write Your Transcription Here

19 Chapter 4: Blues Sus


Chapter 4.2 DVD Transcription
We have provided space for you to write down your transcription of these 4 note groups. Notice how
I skip some notes of the Sus scale and this opens up the sound even more.

A7 Bm7/A



Chord Progression

Write Your Transcription Here


20 Chapter 4: Blues Sus
Chapter 4.3 DVD Transcription

INTRO
21 Chapter 4: Blues Sus
A7 B7/A A7 B7/A
A7 B7/A A7 B7/A
A7 B7/A A7 B7/A
A7 B7/A A7 B7/A
A7

Create Your Own Exercieses


With the same method you learned in Chapter 2, (Alternating the Orientation of Notes and or
Changing the Direction of Your Pattern.) you can create your own Blues Sus Exercises. Your
exercises can be Symmetrical or Non-Symmetrical. Here are some examples to get you
started.
You can also apply Octave Displacement and Doubling Notes as explained in Chapter 2. Use
all the available tools to create your own exercises. As always practice your own exercises in
all keys through the entire range of your instrument.
Ascending Symmetrical Pattern with an Alternative Note Orientation.
Descending Symmetrical Pattern with an Alternative Note Orientation
Continue...
Continue...





















22 Chapter 4: Blues Sus
Fundamental Scale: G Blues Sus Scale
1 4 5 b7 1
Fundamental Ascending Fundamental Descending
1 4 5 b7 b7 5 4 1























You can also apply Octave Displacement and Doubling Notes as explained in Chapter 2. Use
all the available tools to create your own exercises. As always practice your own exercises in
all keys the entire range of your instrument.
Non-Symmetrical Pattern with a Mixed Alternative Orientations & Direction
*Orientation Shift = OS
OS OS OS OS
Continue...
Chapter 4.4 DVD Play Along Chord Progression

Am7 Bm7/A Am7 G7 /A A7






Symmetrical Pattern with an Alternative Note Orientation & Mixed Direction



















Continue...
23 Chapter 4: Blues Sus
Blues Sus Workout Sheet
Write Your Exercises Here
Fundamental Scale: ___ Blues Sus

Fundamental Ascending Fundamental Descending


24 Chapter 4: Blues Sus


IMPROVISING OUTSIDE OF THE KEY: Basic
Chapter 5
Pentatonic with a Half Step Movement
Up to this point, youve learned minor pentatonic scales in all 12 keys in order to improvise
inside the key. Now its time to connect the keys by stepping outside of the key area. Moving
by half steps is one of simplest and most common methods of stepping outside of the key.
The example below illustrates the D Minor Pentatonic ascending and then shifting the tonality
(stepping outside of the key) by moving up a half step to D# Minor Pentatonic. Next is D Minor
Pentatonic Descending and then shifting the tonality by moving a half step down to Db Minor
Pentatonic.

Its very important to hear and get used to the sound of the tonality shift. I highly recommend
practicing this half step movement with a chordal instrument as a background so you can
hear the relationship to the original key. Playing just the root and fifth as written above is
sufficient to establish the primary key center.
Key of D
D Minor Penta. D# Minor Penta.
D Minor Penta. Db Minor Penta.
Key of D
Shift
Tonality
Shift
Tonality
25 Chapter 5: Improvising Outside Of The Key: Basic

Minor Pentatonic With A Half Step Movement Exercises


D Minor Pentatonic Ascending Pattern I
Practice these exercises in all keys and through the entire range of your instrument.
Continue...
D Minor Pentatonic Desending Pattern I
Continue...
Continue...
D Minor Pentatonic Ascending Pattern II
Continue...
Key of D
Key of D
D Minor Pentatonic Desending Pattern II
Key of D
Key of D
26 Chapter 5: Improvising Outside Of The Key: Basic

D Minor Pentatonic Ascending and Desending Pattern I


Continue...
Key of D
D Minor Pentatonic Ascending and Desending Pattern II
Continue...
Key of D
27 Chapter 5: Improvising Outside Of The Key: Basic

Chapter 5.3 DVD Transcription With Extension


Minor Pentatonic With A Half Step Movement Ascending and Descending
Key of D
Key of D
Key of D
Key of D
Continue...
28 Chapter 5: Improvising Outside Of The Key: Basic

Scramble Formation
Now, I am going to combine the ascending and descending pentatonics with a half step movement in
a quasi scrambled formation. Just let it go and fall the way it wants. You can see how the
pentatonics gyrate around the fundamental tonality.

Chapter 5.4 DVD Transcription
29 Chapter 5: Improvising Outside Of The Key: Basic






























Chapter 5.5 DVD Transcription
We have provided space for you to write down your transcription of this improvisation. Well be
moving these pentatonics with a strict half step in between. A little risqu but highly effective.

Chapter 5.6 DVD Trading Chord Progression

E7 E


30 Chapter 5: Improvising Outside Of The Key: Basic
IMPROVISING OUTSIDE OF THE KEY: Advanced
Chapter 6
Minor 3rd Movement
Minor 3rd movement is a little device which involves 2 keys. The example below, starts with
D minor pentatonic and shifts to F Minor Pentatonic. Even though the tonality changes
radically, using the same pentatonic structure will keep the naturalness of the tonality.

Tonality Shift can occur anytime you like. Its up to you to shift quicker or slower. The next
few examples illustrate different versions of Tonality Shift.
31 Chapter 6: Improvising Outside Of The Key: Advanced
Chapter 6.1 DVD Transcription
Shift
Tonality
Shift
Tonality
Shift
Tonality
Shift
Tonality
Key of D
Key of D
D Minor Penta. F Minor Penta.
F Minor Penta. D Minor Penta. D Minor Penta.
Resolution

Quicker Tonality Shift


Key of D
Shift
Tonality
32 Chapter 6: Improvising Outside Of The Key: Advanced
Shift
Tonality
Shift
Tonality
Slower Tonality Shift
Shift
Tonality
Shift
Tonality
Shift
Tonality
Shift
Tonality
Shift
Tonality
Key of D
Shift
Tonality
Shift
Tonality
Key of D
Key of D
Shift
Tonality
Resolution
Resolution
Resolution

Create Your Own Exercises


Write Your Exercises Here

33 Chapter 6: Improvising Outside Of The Key: Advanced


Using this Minor 3rd Pentatonic movement you can create your own exercises. Your exercises
can be Symmetrical or Non-Symmetrical. Here are some examples to get you started.
Remember, practicing in all keys is essential.
Ex. 1
Ex. 2






















Pentatonic with a Chromatic Approach
Key of C
Chapter 6.2 DVD Transcription Part 1
Shift
Tonality
Shift
Tonality
Shift
Tonality
Additional Example
Key of C
Shift
Tonality
Shift
Tonality
Shift
Tonality
Continue...
34 Chapter 6: Improvising Outside Of The Key: Advanced
Key of C
Chapter 6.2 DVD Transcription Part 2
Shift
Tonality
Shift
Tonality
Shift
Tonality
Shift
Tonality
Shift
Tonality
Connecting Pentatonics with a Chromatic Approach is another way to explore the different
tonalities. The transcriptions and examples below illustrate how the original key modulates to
the new key with a few chromatics.

Key of D
Additional Example
Shift
Tonality
Shift
Tonality
Shift
Tonality
Shift
Tonality
Chapter 6.4 DVD Transcription
Key of D
Shift
Tonality
Shift
Tonality
Shift
Tonality
Shift
Tonality
Shift
Tonality
Continue...
35 Chapter 6: Improvising Outside Of The Key: Advanced
Chapter 6.3 DVD Transcription
Key of D
Shift
Tonality
Shift
Tonality
Shift
Tonality
Shift
Tonality

Invent Your Own Approach


Now I would like you to invent your own approach using ascending and descending
pentatonics with chromatics in between. You can expand the amount of chromatics to
whatever you like. Be careful not to expand too much because it will take away from the
pentatonic sound. The chromatics you will be using should always be in a random sense.
Its really up to you to decide how much chromatics you use.

Key of D
Key of D
36 Chapter 6: Improvising Outside Of The Key: Advanced
Chapter 6.5 DVD Transcription Part 1
Chapter 6.5 DVD Transcription Part 2
Key of D
Key of D
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Key of D
37 Chapter 6: Improvising Outside Of The Key: Advanced
Chapter 6.6 DVD Trading Chord Progression
Chapter 6.7 DVD Conclusion Jam

A7 D7/A
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D7
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Create Your Own Exercises


Using Pentatonic with chromatic approach notes connecting tonalities you can create your
own exercises. Your exercises can be Symmetrical or Non-Symmetrical.

38 Chapter 6: Improvising Outside Of The Key: Advanced
Write Your Exercises Here

CONCLUSION
39
In conclusion this is the scope of how I look at pentaonics. Remember you have complete
freedom to play what you want when you want because youre being guided through this
pentatonic structure but just keep in mind that it is good to use the right and proper balance
of in and out. Evidently if you play too much on the outside it can upset the structure so I
feel that balancing with the inner against the outer helps to keep the whole axis in line.
So do what you want and do it the way you feel it and remember that everything you play in
life is based off of how you feel.
Conclusion
- THE END -
CHORD CHANGES FOR PLAY ALONG AND TRADING
(DVD DISC 2)
40 CHORD CHANGES FOR PLAY ALONG AND TRADING
Funk In G - Trading
Slow Blues - Play Along
Blues Shuffle - Play Along

A-7

G7 G7 G7 G7
C7 C7 G7 G7

D7() C() G7 D7




Funk In G - Play Along

A-7

C-7 G-7 A7 G-7 F-7 B7() E7 B7() C9


Ending
41 CHORD CHANGES FOR PLAY ALONG AND TRADING
Outside The Key - Trading

A-7